Daily Herald the Brown
vol. cxlv, no. 92 | Monday, October 18, 2010 | Serving the community daily since 1891
U. tax filing reveals salaries for top admins New procedures make year-to-year comparisons ‘tricky’ By Alex Bell Senior Staff Writer
Changes to tax reporting requirements have made this year’s compensation figures dif ficult to compare with previous years’ numbers, administrators said, though filings now include data for more University employees. The University, like all nonprofit organizations, is required to file public annual reports on the Internal Revenue Ser vice’s Form 990, which contains financial
Library contract extended By Alex Bell Senior Staff Writer
Brown’s contract with the library workers’ union was extended for two more weeks when negotiators parted ways late Thursday night. Originally set to expire Sept. 30, the contract was extended until Oct. 14, and now again until Oct. 28. Negotiations will continue this week. Following a rally to support library workers on the steps of the Rockefeller Library last Thursday, negotiators returned to discussions facilitated by a federal mediator Thursday at 1 p.m. As the night wore on, many had not eaten dinner, save some birthday cake one of the library workers shared, the union’s business agent Karen McAninch ’74 said. But fundamental questions lingered over two points of language as time ran out, leaving no time to debate quantitative issues such as workers’ contributions to health benefits, she said. “We were all focused on what we were doing,” McAninch told The Herald. “We just wanted to get through those two issues and put them to bed.” But by 10 p.m. — with the contract set to expire in just hours — both sides agreed to throw in the towel until this week. “Brown values its employees, and our goals in this process are consistent with remaining an employer of
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News........1–3 Arts............4 Sports........5 Editorial......6 Opinion.......7 Today..........8
S o u nds o f si l ents
information including the salaries of top officials for the filing period. Though most figures in the tax filings are based on the fiscal year, salaries of highly paid employees were for the first time required to be reported by calendar year to allow the Internal Revenue Ser vice to check them against employees’ yearly tax filings, said Executive Vice President for Finance and Administration Beppie Huidekoper. For the 2008 calendar year, President Ruth Simmons received a total compensation of $884,771. In the previous filings, covering July 2007 to June 2008, Simmons received $818,462 in
NSF honors prof. for math work By Lindor Qunaj Senior Staff Writer
ting them go. In the e-mail, Klawunn also pointed out the University’s support ser vices such as the Safe Zone program — which recruits Brown community members to counsel and advocate for students who identify as LGBTQ — and the LGBTQ Resource Center. The recent attention to the teen suicides has drawn a range of reactions nationwide. Candi Cushman, an education analyst with the conser vative group Focus on the Family, for example, told the Denver Post,
Professor Emeritus of Applied Mathematics David Mumford joined an exclusive list of renowned scholars that includes James Watson, the co-discoverer of DNA structure and Linus Pauling, winner of two Nobel Prizes, on Friday. Mumford will officially receive the National Medal of Science, the nation’s highest scientific honor, in a ceremony later this year at the White House. Since 1959, the medal has been awarded by the U.S. President to individuals “deserving of special recognition by reason of their outstanding contributions to knowledge,” according to the National Science Foundation website. Originally interested in pursuing physics as a child, Mumford said he fell in love with mathematics as an undergraduate. “I got to quantum field theor y and it was really too complicated for me,” he joked. “Math is simple — it’s nice and straightfor ward.” After studying algebraic geometry and other pure math for about 20 years at Har vard, Mumford shifted his focus to applied math and computer vision. Though he always had an interest in understanding the way the brain works, he said he saw artificial intelligence as a field that “was trying to do too much all at once.”
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Stephanie London / Herald
The Brown University Orchestra played pieces by William Perry and Samuel Barber in Sayles Hall. See Arts & Culture, page 4.
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U. urges tolerance following tragedies BY Fei Cai Senior Staff writer
In the past month, media coverage of LGBTQ teen suicides skyrocketed, prompting responses at colleges nationwide, including at a Brown University Community Council meeting last week and a vigil on campus the week before. As part of the response, Margaret Klawunn, vice president for campus life and student services, sent an e-mail Saturday to students about community standards. “At Brown University, you are fortunate to live, learn and work
in an environment that values respect, integrity, freedom and individual well-being so highly,” Klawunn wrote. “We must also acknowledge that we still have a distance to travel to ensure that all members of our University community participate without fear of harassment or isolation.” Klawunn reminded students to have “honest, open and equitable engagement with racial, religious, gender, ethnic, sexual orientation and other differences.” She called on students to be “respectful of the rights and privileges of others” and to confront breaches of respectful conduct instead of let-
Rivalry ends in draw By Zack Bahr Sports Editor
It was a cold and windy Saturday evening when the No. 15 men’s soccer team (7-1-3, 1-1-1 Ivy) battled Harvard (4-3-5, 1-0-2), but the competition on the field was heated as the Bears earned a 0-0 draw in a double-overtime contest against the Crimson.
SPORTS In what may be an NCAA record, the teams combined for nine yellow cards on the evening — with Harvard earning seven. One of the cards was awarded to the Harvard bench. In total, 40 fouls were called on the evening. “The official always has a tough job in a game like this,” said Head Coach Pat Laughlin. “I thought the
referee did a good job, but I don’t think that he had a lot of support from his assistants.” Bruno dominated the shots on goal, taking 25 compared to only six by Harvard. But neither team was able to capitalize. “We all feel kind of empty because we felt we deserved it,” said forward T.J. Popolizio ’12. “Personally, I feel let down. It’s tough when you have chances to score and you know you can win it.” Though the ball was never able to find its way into the net, the Harvard keeper had several close calls. In the 23rd minute, a quick rebound by forward Sean Rosa ’12.5 missed just wide after he booted the ball from the left corner of the box. Rosa, Thomas McNamara continued on page 5
Jonathan Bateman / Herald
Midfielder Thomas McNamara ’13 gets past a defender in Saturday’s long, penalty-filled match against Harvard.
BOP’s fall production leaves audience laughing
Bears defeat Princeton to remain undefeated in league
Dominic Mhiripiri ’12 sees Mandela as a “Hollywood brand”
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Monday, October 18, 2010
“He was out and proud.” — Christina Newell, JWU Pride Alliance President
JWU, Brown plan increased LGBTQ outreach Mumford By Sarah Forman Staff Writer
When Raymond Chase, a sophomore at Johnson and Wales University’s Providence campus, took his own life last month, his death was interpreted as one instance in an alarming trend, as several LGBTQ students across the country committed suicide in September.
HIGHER ED Friends and administrators, however, said Chase was not bullied for his sexuality, as were some of the other students whose deaths made headlines. Nevertheless, his passing, along with the other heavily publicized suicides, is being used as an impetus for colleges and universities to reassess their communities’ acceptance and tolerance of LGBTQ students. “He was out and proud,” said Christina Newell, president of JWU’s Pride Alliance, of Chase. “Ray was this awesome person.” At a memorial service held for Chase, JWU Director of Commu-
nications and Media Relations Lisa Pelosi became convinced that “Ray was very comfortable about who he was, an openly gay young man, and his friends were not aware of any threats or bullying,” she wrote in an e-mail to The Herald. Chase was an active member of Pride Alliance, and Newell said she did not think he was harassed for his sexuality. She said media outlets and national groups have lumped Chase together with the other students without understanding his background or story. “It kind of just made Ray a statistic,” she said. For example, nearly 1.1 million Facebook users have pledged to wear purple on Wednesday in memory of “6 gay boys who committed suicide in recent weeks/months due to homophobic abuse in their homes and at their schools,” intending to include Chase among the September suicide victims. While Newell said JWU is focused on mourning, and not on using “Ray’s death as a reason for activism,” plenty of other schools have responded to the September suicides as calls for
more tolerance and advocacy on their campuses. The Brown University Community Council met last week to discuss LGBTQ issues at Brown in “the context of national attention to recent suicides by LGBTQ youth,” Vice President for Campus Life and Student Services Margaret Klawunn wrote in an e-mail to the student body this weekend. Brown’s LGBTQ Resource Center is stepping up a visibility campaign that had been planned before national attention was focused on preventing LGBTQ suicides, said Kelly Garrett, coordinator of the resource center. “We’re trying to do as much outreach as possible,” Garrett said, pointing to the SafeZone decals, informational posters, rainbow ribbons and ally buttons that she plans to distribute around campus. Coincidentally, National Coming Out Day and LGBT History Month take place in October. Annual events that take place on college campuses this month had added significance because of the September deaths. At JWU, last Wednesday marked the first student-run Coming Out Day
celebration, said Korina Ramsland, director of JWU’s Gender Equity Center. Since she came to JWU three years ago, the administration has helped support students in rebuilding the inactive Pride Alliance into an effective student organization that can put on its own events, she said. A year ago, JWU formed the Prism committee, a group of students, faculty members and administrators focused on changing policy and curriculum to better handle LGBTQ issues, Ramsland said. “We are taking a harder and more deliberate look at where our progression is going,” Ramsland said. She said that though “Johnson and Wales is very accepting” of different sexuality and gender identities, “there always needs to be work forward.” Similarly, Garrett said that while Brown is “ahead of the curve” in terms of supporting LGBTQ students, many people still struggle to come out, often because there are “so many negative messages” about homosexuality. “Students can always use more support,” she said. “There’s still some room for improvement.”
Language, money disputes slow library contract talks continued from page 1 choice: to offer competitive and equitable salaries and benefits for all employees, and a positive and desirable work environment,” Director of Labor and Employee Relations Joe Sarno ’91 wrote in an e-mail to The Herald on Wednesday. Sarno declined to comment for this article. One point of contention in the contract’s language involves the University’s ability to change work-
ers’ schedules. McAninch said the University is seeking to replace the union’s ability to instate a six-month moratorium on shift changes with a policy of 45 days’ notice. McAninch also said library workers are currently insured through either Blue Cross or UnitedHealthcare, but the University has proposed new language for the contract that would give it the ability to drop one of the providers. McAninch said though Blue Cross
may have higher administrative costs, the plan has a larger network of providers. Dropping it could adversely affect employees with family members on their plan in different regions of the country — such as students — as well as employees themselves who seek medical care in other states, she said. Regarding employees’ contributions to health care premiums, McAninch said the University’s offer still stands at 11 percent of premiums in the first year, followed by 13 percent the next year and 15 percent in the third year. Their current contribution is 6 percent. These increases, she said, would be accompanied by a 1.25 percent increase in pay each year. “There’s no way we’re going to be agreeing to either of those figures,” McAninch said. She added that though the two sides did not reach agreements on either of the language issues, the me-
diator helped them come to some common understandings. “There’s still some ways to go, but I think we made some progress,” McAninch said. Though the University generally does not comment on the details of ongoing negotiations, Vice President for Public Affairs and University Relations Marisa Quinn wrote in an e-mail to The Herald that Brown’s negotiators “appreciate the cordial and professional manner that have characterized these bargaining sessions,” and “are hopeful that remaining issues will be resolved promptly during the contract extension.” McAninch said negotiations will continue Tuesday and Wednesday mornings. “I’m very hopeful,” she said. “I’m imagining we’ll get through these language issues in the next week, and then we can move on to the money issues.”
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wins medal for math continued from page 1 Concentrating on eyesight seemed to be more manageable and useful. At the time, vision seemed like “a simple mechanism that a computer would be able to replicate,” Mumford said. As it turned out, “that is not actually the case.” Mumford made the move from Harvard to Brown in 1996, joining the Department of Applied Mathematics. “I decided to move here because the group was really fabulous,” he said. “There were people studying vision in multiple areas.” Mumford also noted that the atmosphere at each university was “completely different.” Though he regularly spoke to Har vard colleagues in various departments, “everyone seemed focused on becoming the world’s top expert in field X,” Mumford said. At Brown, “there was much more of a collegiate spirit and enthusiasm, with seminars crossing department lines and faculty always looking in new directions.” Though his last graduate student advisee graduated in May, Mumford said he maintains ties to Brown and his previous collaborators both here and at other institutions, splitting his time between Providence and Maine. Though Mumford has had various academic interests throughout his career, he said math has always been his dominant passion. “The charm of math is that you’re completely in control. If you can figure out the logic of it, you can discover these things,” Mumford said. “You don’t have to get Ferdinand and Isabella to give you a boat to sail across the ocean.”
Monday, October 18, 2010
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“This is a very funky year.” — Chancellor Thomas Tisch ’76, on changes in tax filing procedure
Rule change skews salary figures from tax filing continued from page 1
total compensation. Huidekoper said the bulk of Simmons’ apparent increase in pay is attributed to a change in reporting procedures for the tax form that required the University to report as part of total compensation $47,633 in nontaxable benefits such as housing. Chancellor Thomas Tisch ’76, who leads Brown’s Corporation, said comparing the two figures is difficult because the most recent figure picks up compensation from the previous report and includes housing. The Corporation, the University’s highest governing body, sets Simmons’ salar y ever y year. “This is a ver y funky year in the way the 990s were picking up income, and it makes reliance on the 990s quite tricky,” Tisch said. “Year-to-year comparisons are virtually impossible.” Still, Tisch said it was during this period that Simmons first asked for a voluntar y reduction in her compensation, which will be reflected in subsequent tax filings. The pay for other senior administrators remained relatively constant. To t a l c o m p e n s a t i o n f o r Huidekoper in calendar year 2008 leveled at $436,024, from $436,701 in fiscal year 2008. Provost David Kertzer ’69 P’95 P’98 earned $508,496 in total compensation in calendar year 2008, up from $476,473 in fiscal year 2008. The previous report’s figure, however, does not include $45,548 in nontaxable benefits including University housing given to the provost that was included in this report. Vice President and Chief Investment Of ficer Cynthia Frost was the University’s highestcompensated employee for the calendar year, earning $899,121. In the previous fiscal year, she made $1,076,060. Others in the Investment Office showed similar trends. Managing Director of Private Equity Kenneth Shimberg, whose compensation reached $936,455 in fiscal year 2008, saw his compensation decrease to $834,554 for the calendar year. Though their compensations were not repor ted in the previous tax filing, others of 2008’s highest-compensated employees included Dean of Medicine and Biological Sciences Edward Wing at $569,207, Dean of the Faculty Rajiv Vohra P’07 at $477,602 and Vice President for Research Clyde Briant at $392,814.
Stephanie London / Herald
Cast of “Gianni Schicchi” perform Puccini’s hilarious operetta in Alumnae Hall.
Stephanie London / Herald
“Schicchi” is entertaining and fresh even though some of its actors have never done opera.
‘Schicchi’ hopes students will re-think opera By Anita Badejo Staff writer
Brown Opera Productions’ fall show, “Gianni Schicchi,” left audience members in stitches after its three performances in Alumnae Hall Friday, Saturday and Sunday. The 60-minute Italian operetta tells the tale of the greedy Donati family, which desperately elicits the help of con man Gianni Schicchi after finding out the recently deceased Buoso Donati did not leave a single possession to
his relatives. The operetta begins with the Donatis’ shrieks and wails as they gather around the bedridden and now-lifeless body of Buoso (Mike
ARTS & CULTURE Hogan ’11). But their tears quickly run dry when they hear word of a scandalous rumor suggesting that Buoso has left the entire contents of his will to the monks of the local monastery. Chaos ensues as the
family searches frantically for the will — eventually found by cousin Zita’s (Madeline Sall ’13) nephew Rinuccio (Andrew Wong ’11) — and the rumor is proven true. Rinuccio then implores his relatives to seek the aid of Schicchi, whose daughter Lauretta (Kathryn Cohen ’13) he intends to marry. But the snobby Donatis initially want nothing to do with the common Schicchis, which is apparent when Gianni (Joe Rim ’12) and Lauretta arrive at the Donati residence, and
an all-out operatic battle breaks out between the families. Gianni eventually agrees to help the Donatis and concocts a plan to impersonate the late Buoso and draft a new will with his lawyer (Alvin Kerber ’11), as no one outside the family is aware that Buoso died. All the family members inform Gianni of what they’d like to be left in the new will. But the beneficiaries of three hot-ticket items — the house, continued on page 4
Suicides draw attention to LGBTQ student issues continued from page 1 “We feel more and more that (gay) activists are being deceptive in using anti-bullying rhetoric to intro-
duce their viewpoints while the viewpoint of Christian students and parents are increasingly belittled.” Dan Savage, an author and LGBTQ rights activist, launched the
“It Gets Better” project on YouTube in September, where people can post videos about their experiences and words of comfort for those being bullied.
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“However you are choosing to live is beautiful, and you have my full support and all of my love,” said singer and songwriter Kesha. “So please don’t ever give up.”
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD
A rts & C ulture
Monday, October 18, 2010
“Opera isn’t this stuffy old thing.” — Joe Rim ‘12, actor in BOP’s “Gianni Schicchi”
Orchestra season opener brings sound to silent films Operetta By Rafael Chaiken Contributing Writer
Though entitled “The Silent Years,” the Brown University Orchestra’s 2010-11 season opening concert was anything but. Under the direction of Senior Lecturer in Music Paul Phillips, the orchestra premiered a work by William Perry that accompanied 1920’s silent film clips. The Friday and Saturday evening concerts also included works by Samuel Barber and Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky. Scales of sadness The audience, which filled Sayles Hall both nights, was first treated to Barber’s “First Essay for Orchestra.” According to program notes by Phillips, the piece was selected to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the composer’s birth. Ascending and descending scales played at a moderate tempo exemplified Barber’s emotional style. Muted trumpets signaled that the end was near, and then the piece came full circle, with violins fading into nothingness. If Barber’s “First Essay” is meant to tell a story, it is clearly one of mystery and sadness. Composer on campus A screen then descended from the ceiling for the world premiere of Perry’s “The Silent Years: Three Rhapsodies for Piano and Orchestra,” performed with soloist Michael Chertock, a University of Cincinnati piano professor. In remarks to the audience, the composer said “The Silent Years” is “not really a fair name,” since “no film from the very beginning was meant to be seen silently.” Rather, early movies were accompanied by a pianist, small group or full orchestra depending on the size of the city. As director of music for New
York’s Museum of Modern Art, Perry composed over 100 scores to accompany silent films from the museum’s archives. These films were broadcast on public television in the 1970s with Perry’s piano accompaniment, introducing new generations to silent films and their music. For “The Silent Years,” Robert Nowak orchestrated three of Perry’s piano scores for a full ensemble. Joanna Phillips, daughter of the conductor and a film student at Columbia, created abbreviated versions of each movie to be shown during the concert. The first film, “The Beloved Rogue,” stars John Barrymore as Francois Villon, the medieval French poet and vagabond. Perry’s music closely fit the setting, with regal brass fanfares and a celebratory dance for All Fool’s Day. Much like the first recorded film scores, lush string melodies marked the video’s romantic climax. Chertock’s piano solos were precise and energetic, but his part, made almost completely of broad chords, imitated the orchestra rather than standing out as a virtuosic solo. It was likely a tribute to the small-town cinema pianists charged with providing a score on their own. Next was “Blood and Sand,” the tragic tale of a matador played by Rudolph Valentino. Perry’s exotic Spanish melodies immediately established the atmosphere of a dramatic bullfight. Though the music did not always fit the excerpts — a piano solo strangely accompanied a scene featuring a harp — the work was a memorable evocation of Spanish culture, particularly the castanet dance. The third film, Charlie Chaplin’s “The Gold Rush,” is a classic of the silent era. Perry’s playful score was enhanced by creative orchestrations, including cymbals to represent a
howling blizzard wind and a celesta dance to accompany Chaplin’s character as he manipulates yams as puppets. A scene where The Tramp boils his shoe for Thanksgiving dinner elicited much laughter from the audience, proving that Chaplin’s humor is truly timeless, at least when accompanied by a skillful score. Perry’s and Barber’s similar orchestrations made for an interesting sequence in the program. “Both Barber and Perry are quintessentially American composers, with Perry one generation later than Barber,” Phillips wrote in an e-mail to The Herald. “Although they differ stylistically, both have a certain hard-todefine but nonetheless identifiable ‘American’ quality to their music.” Overall, “The Silent Era” was an enjoyable counterpoint to the more serious works on the program, and it deserves wide orchestral exposure. Homage to Tchaikovsky After an intermission, the orchestra’s rendition of Tchaikovsky’s “Symphony No. 4 in F minor” was a striking change from the convivial film music. Described as “one of the most powerful and enduring Russian symphonic masterpieces” in Phillips’ program notes, the work was composed at a difficult time in Tchaikovsky’s life. He had recently married a former student in what was probably “a rash attempt by Tchaikovsky to hide his homosexuality from a severely intolerant society,” the notes read. While the symphony’s Romantic style bears superficial resemblance to Perry’s movie scores, the work has a consistent undercurrent of anguish and tension. The lyrical andantino second movement featured a lengthy oboe solo, with the strings echoing its hesitant melody before playing their
own heartbreaking theme, based on a descending minor scale. In a concert marked by intense emotions, this famous movement was a dramatic peak, and it showcased the skill of the orchestra’s string players. Tchaikovsky wrote a frantic allegro for his final movement that gave the orchestra a true workout. Woodwind punctuation alternated with rapid string runs, which the students played flawlessly. The movement built up to a cacophonous climax, with syncopated cymbals and repeated orchestral blasts. According to the program notes, some biographers maintain that “the intense work spent composing the Fourth Symphony was a key factor in Tchaikovsky’s path back from suicidal depression to mental stability.” This theory seems plausible based on the orchestra’s excellent performance. The weekend’s concerts were an appropriate season opener, exhibiting the full range of emotions that classical music can convey. The program’s main strength lay in the interplay between Perry’s almost happy-go-lucky movie scores and the solemn Barber and melancholic Tchaikovsky. Although each piece utilized similarly lush strings and brass fanfares, the more serious works, especially Tchaikovsky, exhibited a complex tension lurking below their melodies. Nevertheless, Perry’s rhapsodies were strikingly effective at conveying the emotions onscreen, an essential task in the days before spoken dialogue. Proceeds from the benefit concerts will fund the Brown University Orchestra’s concert tours. The orchestra can next be heard Dec. 3 and 5, when it performs Ludwig van Beethoven’s “Symphony No. 2,” as well as works by Richard Wagner and Maurice Ravel.
funny, interactive continued from page 3
a mill and a prized mule — are left to his discretion. To the Donatis’ shock and horror, Gianni awards them to himself, and the operetta ends with him chasing the family out of what is now his house. Rebecca Maxfield ’13, who was originally cast in the show but ended up directing it after the original director fell ill, made the production extremely interactive. Her concept for the show “very heavily involved sort of putting the show among the audience, or in the middle of the audience,” she said. Sitting in the audience often felt like sitting in old Buoso Donati’s bedroom, as the Donatis’ various visitors ambled in and out of scenes through the center of the aisle. The thrust of the stage also served as a focal point for much of the show’s action, placing actors as close to audience members as possible. Maxfield also effectively played off what she cited as the production’s “physical comedy,” and many of the show’s funniest moments came not from the actors’ lines, but from their movements and expressions: eyes open so wide in shock that they seemed ready to fall out at any moment, exaggerated and over-the-top hand gestures and Rim’s springy bouncing across the stage as he channeled the havoc-wreaking Gianni. “I kind of wanted to bring a little bit more of a youthful energy to him,” Rim told The Herald. In his first operatic performance at Brown, he didn’t disappoint. Rim’s Gianni was dynamic and lively, funneling exuberance into a role that he said is usually given “to really old Italian dudes after they’ve ruined their voices.” Sall also stood out in her performance as Buoso’s elderly and feisty cousin Zita, whom she played hilariously, without provoking the skepticism so often experienced when a college sophomore attempts to play a women three times her age. In regards to vocal performances, Wong and Cohen both hit the high notes, particularly during Rinuccio and Lauretta’s love-struck solos. Though the acting and singing overall left something to be desired — presumably due to the fact that the members of the cast had varying levels of opera experience, and some had never done opera before — the production was ultimately well done. Maxfield and Rim both said they hoped the production would cause audience members to re-think their conceptions of opera. “I hope that those of them who are skeptical about opera are moved to reexamine that skepticism,” Maxfield said. “My biggest hope is that they come out of the production thinking opera isn’t this stuffy old thing,” Rim said. “Gianni Schicchi” was certainly anything but stuffy and old. Hilarious and entertaining, the operatic tour de force proved to be a short and sweet weekend break.
SportsMonday The Brown Daily Herald
Monday, October 18, 2010 | Page 5
Women pick up first league victory
by Madeleine Wenstrup Spor ts Staff Writer
Alums and parents flooded the stands Saturday afternoon to watch Brown women’s soccer (7-4-3, 1-2-1 Ivy) take on their league rival, Harvard (5-5-1, 2-2-0). They were not disappointed as the Bears edged out Har vard in the final minutes to take home their first league win. “This was the first time we’ve beat Harvard since I’ve been here, so it was pretty awesome,” said midfielder Gloria Chun ’12. After a devastating loss to Harvard last year, Bruno was determined to triumph. “This time around, we thought, we’ve really got to do it,” Chun said.
The Bears’ win evened the rivalr y record at 20-20-3. The game was fast-paced and both the Bears and the Crimson had their share of dangerous moments. Just two minutes into the game, a play by Har vard for ward Melanie Baskind took goalkeeper Amber Bledsoe ’14 out of the box. The goal was defenseless as Baskind set up to shoot, but Chun flew to the box to knock out Baskind’s attempt. The Crimson succeeded in their next attempt, as Alexandra Conigliaro volleyed a shot in to the left corner of the net in the 28th minute. After the Crimson goal, Head Coach Phil Pincince called for a change in formation. “After they scored, we went into
a 3-5-2,” Chun said. “It gives us more offense.” The alteration paid off. Ten minutes later, Louisa Pitney ’14 took a corner kick that landed Diana Ohrt ’13 in the perfect position to onetime it in for her first career goal. The game remained locked at 1-1 until six minutes remained in the second half. Mika Siegelman ’14 crossed the ball to Pitney who, with a beautiful header to the right corner, clinched the win for the Bears. This game marks Bruno’s first league win, and moves them to fi fth place in the Ivy standings. Staying on their home field, they look to move up in the rankings when they face Cornell this Saturday in a 2 p.m. match.
Emily Gilbert / Herald
Louisa Pitney ’14 scored one of two goals in the Bears’ first Ivy league victory Saturday afternoon.
Bears, Crimson tie; yellow cards fly continued from page 1
Jesse Morgan / Herald file photo
After a slow start, Quarterback Joe Springer ’11 came out strong in the second half, leading to a Bears victory over Princeton.
Bears still undefeated in Ivy League play by Chan Hee Chu Spor ts Staff Writer
Bruno traveled to Princeton this weekend to take on the Tigers in another key conference matchup. Despite falling behind in the first half by a score of 13-0, the Bears prevailed 17-13. While happy to escape with a win, the Bears were disappointed in their play — especially in the first half. “We made too many miscues,” said Head Coach Phil Estes. “From the opening kickoff to the end of the first half, we made too many mistakes and gave them too many opportunities.” After playing poorly in the first half, Brown came out with a sense of urgency in the second half and dominated the rest of the game. The offense came alive, racking up 253 total yards to the Tigers’ 43. The Bears cut Princeton’s lead to six with 5:07 left in the third quarter after touchdown on a two-yard run from running back Mark Kachmer ’13. Brown
took the lead midway through the fourth quarter on an eightyard pass from quarterback Joe Springer ’11 to wide receiver Jonah Fey ’12, making the score 14-13. Kicker Alex Norocea ’14 extended the lead by hitting a 38yard field goal with two minutes left in the game. Bruno benefited from a noteworthy performance from Springer, who completed 21 of 31 passes for 185 yards with a touchdown and zero interceptions. Running back Zach Tronti ’11 also provided a spark by rushing for a career high 86 yards. Brown’s defense was led by linebacker Chimso Okojo ’11, who came up with a key interception in the first half after a fumble by the Bears deep in their territor y on a kickof f return. Linebacker Phil Roffi ’11 came up big with several key tackles including three for losses. The Bears will continue Ivy League play by welcoming Cornell this Saturday for a 12:30 p.m. kickoff.
’13 and Taylor Gorman ’12 led the charge for Brown with five shots apiece. Ten different Bears took at least one shot on goal. “Anytime you play in this Ivy schedule, people are going to play hard,” said defenseman Ryan McDuf f ’13. “I think our guys stepped up to the challenge after a disappointing showing against Princeton, where we didn’t have the energy and didn’t perform very well.” At the 29:56 mark in the second half, Popolizio had a wide-open opportunity on an unmanned Harvard net. As he planted a shot, a Crimson player dove in front of the ball and headed away what would have been the deciding goal. Bruno was missing one of its starters — Jon Okafor ’11 watched from the sidelines with a hamstring injury suffered during the Princeton game. Size difference was notable, with several Harvard players towering over the field. Defenseman Richard Smith was the tallest coming in at 6-foot 6-inches. He was going against the likes of forward Austin Mandel ’12, who measures over a foot shorter than Smith at 5-foot 5-inches. The tie keeps Harvard ahead of Brown in league standings. Penn and Princeton, both undefeated in Ivy play, are tied for the top spot. “From our standpoint, we have a lot of ties this year,” said first-year Harvard Head Coach Carl Junot. “Both teams felt like they should’ve and could’ve won this game. We stay
a point ahead of Brown on the Ivy League ladder so this is a positive for us.” For the Brown players, the large crowd that filled both sides of the pitch did not go unnoticed. “We had great fan support again,”
McDuff said. “We want to thank them for coming out.” Brunonians will have another chance to see their team in action as Brown stays at home for an outof-conference tussle with Hartwick set for 7 p.m. Tuesday.
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Editorial & Letters The Brown Daily Herald
Page 6 | Monday, October 18, 2010
Sun rises, sun sets, Herald inbox waits for you — Your letters, your love. firstname.lastname@example.org L oren F ulton
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The Herald reported last week that students’ grades have been improving steadily in recent years, and that last year 54.4 percent of all grades were A’s. While this trend is worth keeping an eye on, we certainly wouldn’t support a Princeton-like policy in response. In 2005, Princeton issued guidelines stating that A’s should not be awarded to more than 35 percent of any class. The rationale behind the policy, according to Princeton’s grading policy booklet, was to allow students in different departments to be compared on a more objective scale, and to also encourage professors to differentiate between merely good work and a student’s best work. Though Princeton does say that its policy gives “expectations” and not “hard-and-fast rules,” Brown should still stay away from this kind of school-wide approach. Grade inflation is simply an indication that students are meeting and exceeding professors’ expectations, and it’s not a serious threat to graduate schools and employers’ ability to evaluate applicants. Even if grade inflation were to spiral out of control at some point in the future, we feel the implementation of a grading quota would not be the best solution. As The Herald noted, grade inflation has impacted departments differently, with the physical sciences showing little to no change in grade distribution in the past few years. For this reason, if any action were to be taken to curb grade inflation, it would best be done on the departmental level. If departments or specific professors wish to limit the number of A’s awarded — which many professors already do — they’re always free to change their individual grading standards. But as far as we know, employers or graduate schools are not reporting that Brown graduates with good grades are underperform-
ing. So we see no reason to implement a quota that would only offer marginally more information about a student’s abilities. Consider the marked differences between a 10-person seminar and a 200-person lecture class, even within the same department. In small classes graded based on a single research paper, higher grades are likely the result of students’ heightened motivation and engagement with the material. A large lecture class with tests is far better suited to statistical analyses of grading distributions. Unless outsiders truly delve into a course’s assessment methods and the characteristics of other students in the course, grade quotas only offer slightly more insight into students’ relative abilities. This additional bit of insight comes at a high cost. It is likely to put undue pressure on students by constantly drawing attention to grades and competition. The purpose of grades isn’t solely to give companies or graduate programs an objective scale to compare students. Rather, grades should primarily serve to provide students with motivation to work hard and feedback so they can improve. Moreover, strict grading policies may also make students more individually focused and competitive. One thing that makes Brown special is that students feel very comfortable asking other students for help. We can only wonder about how things are at Princeton. Ultimately, as long as Brown’s admissions process remains highly selective and its faculty remains among the best in the world, there’s absolutely no reason to do anything radical.
Editorials are written by The Herald’s editorial page board. Send comments to email@example.com.
correction Due to an editing error, an article in Friday’s Herald (“Candidates debate in Salomon,” Oct. 15) incorrectly stated that J.R. Pagliarini, campaign manager for Lincoln Chafee ’75 P’14 had resigned Tuesday. In fact, Pagliarini resigned Thursday, the day of the debate. The Herald regrets the error. C O R R E C T I O N S P olicy The Brown Daily Herald is committed to providing the Brown University community with the most accurate information possible. Corrections may be submitted up to seven calendar days after publication. C ommentary P O L I C Y The editorial is the majority opinion of the editorial page board of The Brown Daily Herald. The editorial viewpoint does not necessarily reflect the views of The Brown Daily Herald, Inc. Columns, letters and comics reflect the opinions of their authors only. L etters to the E ditor P olicy Send letters to firstname.lastname@example.org. Include a telephone number with all letters. The Herald reserves the right to edit all letters for length and clarity and cannot assure the publication of any letter. Please limit letters to 250 words. Under special circumstances writers may request anonymity, but no letter will be printed if the author’s identity is unknown to the editors. Announcements of events will not be printed. advertising P olicy The Brown Daily Herald, Inc. reserves the right to accept or decline any advertisement at its discretion.
Opinions The Brown Daily Herald
Monday, October 18, 2010 | Page 7
On history’s most overrated man
dominic mhiripiri Opinions Columnist I was present on the Main Green in May when thousands of people gave Nelson Mandela a rapturous standing ovation in absentia. Alongside Morgan Freeman and Pulitzer Prize-winning writer David Rohde, the former president of South Africa was receiving an honorary degree from Brown. The award recognized Mandela’s efforts in “leading South Africa toward truth, reconciliation, justice and multiracial democracy.” Similarly, those who have showered Mandela with more than 250 major awards in addition to his 1994 Nobel Peace Prize have harped on the same string of his supposed super-human work in establishing the “rainbow nation” that is South Africa today. My personal favorite, though, is the United Nations’ decision to take Mandela worship to an unprecedented level — by declaring a global “Mandela Day” every year on his birthday (July 18), calling him “a living embodiment of the highest values of the United Nations.” After a very successful World Cup tournament this summer, the spotlight returned again to the 92 year-old “Madiba”: last Tuesday, Mandela’s foundation released “Conversations with Myself,” a memoir made from excerpts of letters he wrote during his 27 years in prison. In advance of that release, the web went abuzz; all the commentary eulogizing Mandela perfectly resembled pages taken out of some religious holy book. But one needs no expertise on contemporary African history to know that the deity of
Mandela is merely a construct of the media without any root in actual accomplishment. I feel it would do no harm to probe the realities behind the cult of South Africa’s deified statesman, Nelson Mandela. To be fair to Mandela, playing chess over morning coffee with Robben Island prison guards for 27 years is a tremendous loss. Separation from his wife and family was not a joke either — especially when, like the notorious Robert Mugabe, Mandela was forbidden to leave his colonial jail cell and bury his dead son.
AIDS infection load in the world. Mandela’s ex-wife, Winnie, recently caused a huge stir after quotes, attributed to her, blasted Mandela for “letting down black South Africans.” In comparison, a very small black elite continues to acquire massive personal wealth — harnessed by controversial economic laws from way back, during Mandela’s presidency. Today, corruption and nasty bickering punctuate the battle for influence within the ruling African National Congress. Meanwhile, what little contributions he made to end colonial rule in South Africa
But one needs no expertise on contemporary African history to know that the deity of Mandela is merely a construct of the media without any root in actual accomplishment.
This, I’m pretty sure, makes Mandela’s the longest and most painful term in the history of jail terms. Or if this isn’t true — if, in fact, others like Walter Sisulu had the exact same jail experience as he — then post-jail Mandela should easily justify why the likes of U2’s Bono and former President Bill Clinton piously recite the name “Mandela” three times before they go to bed each night. The truth, of course, is that Mandela is hilariously overrated. Mandela did not better the economic welfare of the African peasants he supposedly embodies. Income disparity remains staggeringly high 16 years after independence — embittering blacks who also have to grapple with the biggest
from his jail mat are easily matched, in fact dwarfed, by the work of his contemporaries elsewhere on the continent. Tanzania’s Julius Nyerere and Kwame Nkrumah in Ghana easily come to mind. Mandela did contribute to reconciliation and racial integration in South Africa, yet today, big uncertainties loom ahead of the “rainbow nation.” Sharp economic inequalities exacerbate racial tension, while inflammatory rhetoric from political leaders like Julius Malema adds to the uninspiring reality of a president like Mr. Jacob Zuma. Opponents of the ruling ANC party have been equally irresponsible — worsening fears that the racial tension and suspicion that pervade South African politics today could
be a harbinger of future disintegration into “another Zimbabwe.” Speaking of Zimbabwe, the grave situation of South Africa’s northern neighbors underlines Mandela’s glaring double standards more than anything else. I grew up in Harare, and watched first hand as Mr. Mugabe presided over the demise of my country, known as “the jewel of Africa.” Yet as thousands of innocent men and women perished amid economic collapse in Zimbabwe, Mandela famously said no single word to acknowledge or condemn the ten-year inferno behind his own backyard. The myth of Mandela is best explained by the “looking-better-by-comparison” effect. He fought against an evil political system, and in comparison, he looks like a saint. Without the apartheid system to stand out against, zero political accomplishments while in office and a lackluster defense of human rights would be the more realistic making of Mandela. When the Western liberal media pounced and made Mandela a Hollywood brand, politically correct white groups in South Africa resonated, as did the oft-disappointed blacks yearning for a colossal hero of their own. But facts still say Mr. Mandela’s only accomplishments are a 27year excursion from the heat of nationalist political struggle, and a 1995 clownish display in a borrowed rugby jersey in front of a worldwide television audience. These two, in all fairness, fall short of the man’s messianic status and make his cult a sheer accident of world history.
Dominic Mhiripiri ’12 is retiring his pen, but will miss the hullabaloo that was his mailbox every other week. He can be reached at email@example.com.
Raising tuition both unrealistic and unwise BY Dan Davidson Opinions Columnist It was refreshing to read Susannah Kroeber ’11 argue that Brown should raise tuition (“Raising our Brown taxes,” Oct. 7), a stance I can’t recall ever hearing support for. Yet while I applaud her willingness to stake out an unpopular position, I must take issue with some of the assumptions her column makes. For starters, drastically increasing tuition would do far more damage to the school than could be made up for through increased financial aid or anything else that revenue could pay for. Students who can foot their whole tuition often choose Brown from an array of top schools that accept them. Holding all else equal, significantly increasing our tuition would push many of these students elsewhere. It’s naive to imagine people will simply write off an extra $10,000 or more a year to come here — even if they can afford it — when other options exist. The real flaw with Kroeber’s argument is that she assumes our tuition is being used maximally. In suggesting that tuition be raised to help bolster financial aid, she fails to account for the very real possibility that such money could instead be squeezed out of existing tuition by improving the University’s efficiency. Indeed, underpinning the many columns that appear on this page lambasting this and that particular move by the administration is the simple truth that Brown cannot prove what the real cost of educating one of us is. Sure,
there are all sorts of costs associated with running the school, but tuition continues to rise much faster than inflation, and aside from new facilities, nothing significant about our education seems to change from year to year. The higher education price bubble won’t last forever. Tuition is already so high that lowcost competitors are springing up and sticking around. The Internet makes it easy for schools to completely eliminate the overhead costs associated with maintaining a campus like Brown’s, and online or community colleges can offer many of the same introductory
surance of a successful career and network of powerful contacts. I believe Brown should position itself for this inevitable future by lowering the cost of undergraduate education and focusing on the aspects of the school that will continue to draw students in a world with high-quality, low-cost colleges. Driving down the cost of a Brown education is important because lower tuition will help attract the best students, for whom tens of thousands in savings over four years could be the tiebreaker when making a tough choice between Brown and another compara-
Brown should position itself for this inevitable future by lowering the cost of undergraduate education and focusing on the aspects of the school that will continue to draw students in a world with high-quality, low-cost colleges. courses we take for a fraction of the price. Eventually we will reach a tipping point when the cache of the Ivy League no longer outweighs the exorbitant tuition. Society is already advancing toward that point. The Supreme Court may remain dominated by Ivy Leaguers, but top professionals no longer hail exclusively from a few select schools. As the country’s business and civic leadership diversifies, schools like Brown will no longer be able to play their highest trump card: that going elsewhere would be giving up the as-
ble school. Furthermore, working to maintain our standards at an increasingly lower cost will help prepare the school for downward price pressure. Even if tuition remained flat, lowering the real cost of education would benefit the school. Every dollar Brown can save through improvements in the efficiency of education can be put to use improving dorm conditions or building new facilities. Even today, one could make a strong argument that it’s not “worth it” to attend Brown
over your home state’s university. But people still flock here because the school offers things that can’t be found elsewhere. Brown must continue to focus on those features that can only be utilized by coming to Providence. In a future where students will see significantly less difference than we do between coming to Brown, going to their state universities, or even taking classes online, Brown will have to convince people of the added value coming here provides. Allow me to illustrate my point. Like many students, I had to take an introductory statistics course to fulfill a concentration requirement. While I enjoyed the course, what I learned consisted strictly of rote skills. Why not outsource classes like these? I could have learned the same material at a community college or through an online course. The money Brown saved by not running these types of classes on campus could then be used for other purposes, like luring a renowned professor to teach classes where students could take their basic skills, already picked up off-campus, to the next level. This is just one example, and perhaps an extreme one. I think it demonstrates, however, that opportunities do exist to reduce the cost of a Brown education. If the University took on the challenge of lowering the price tag for a degree, it would do a great deal of good for both the institution and the student body.
Dan Davidson ’11.5 is a political science concentrator from Atlanta, Ga. He can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org
Today The Brown Daily Herald
Orchestra’s successful opener
5 October 18
The Adventures of Team Vag | Wendy Kwartin
“Pictures from the Hay: Celebrating
“Martyrs, Mosques and
the John Hay at 100,” List Building 3 P.M.
Misconceptions,” MacMillan 115 8 P.M.
Global Health and Water
Meet and Greet with Edie Ajello (R.I.
Symposium, MacMillan 117
State Representative), Wilson 309
menu SHARPE REFECTORY
VERNEy-WOOLLEY DINING HALL LUNCH
Steak and Pepper Fajitas, Mexican Rice, Gnocchi alla Sorrentina, Italian Vegetable Saute
Pepperoni French Bread Pizza, Vegan Stuffed Peppers, Green Beans with Tomatoes
Dot Comic | Eshan Mitra and Brendan Hainline
DINNER Fiery Beef, Vegan Rice Pilaf, Steak & Pepper Fajitas, Vegetable Strudel with Cream Sauce
60 / 40
57 / 42
Monday, October 18, 2010
c a l e n da r Today
to m o r r o w
First league win for women’s soccer
t h e n e w s i n i m ag e s
Country Style Baked Ham, Toasted Ravioli with Italian Salsa, Spicy Cuban Stir Fry, Garlic Bread
crossword Cabernet Voltaire | Abe Pressman
Classic Deo | Daniel Perez
Classic How To Get Down | Nate Saunders