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The Brown Daily Herald F riday, O ctober 17, 2008

Volume CXLIII, No. 93

Horowitz lambastes Islam in near-empty MacMillan By Ben Schreckinger Contributing Writer

David Horowitz opened his lecture on terrorism — part of “Islamofascism Awareness Week,” a program of the David Horowitz Freedom Center — with a joke. “I hope you checked your pies at the door,” he quipped, recalling the incident in which New York Times Columnist Thomas Fried-

Since 1866, Daily Since 1891


man was pied as he began his lecture in Salomon 101 last spring. Three uniformed of ficers at the back and three at the front of the largely empty MacMillan 117 and Horowitz’s own private bodyguard made any pies-to-the-face unlikely. Horowitz, a Jewish writer and activist who holds adamantly procontinued on page 6

On the Corp., ‘dead white males’ or diverse perspectives? Breaking down Brown’s highest governing body By Franklin Kanin News Editor

The 53 people who make up the Corporation, Brown’s highest governing body, convened on College Hill yesterday, as they do three

times a year, to review the University’s priorities and meet with top administrators behind closed doors. But its makeup is largely unfamiliar to most on campus. The governing body, comprised mostly of alums, is roughly twothirds male, and its youngest member is 37. Among its membership Meara Sharma / Herald

continued on page 9

Members of Shakespeare on the Green perform an all-female rendition of “The Taming of the Shrew.” Performances are today and Saturday at 7 p.m. and Sunday at 3 p.m., in the garden behind the Modern Culture and Media building at 135 Thayer St.

Chinese enrollment up significantly over last year No progress By Ellen Cushing Contributing Writer

The University has seen a significant rise in its number of Chinese undergraduates. According to Dean of Admission Jim Miller ’73, there are 26 Chinese students in the class of 2012, up from just six for the class of 2011 and four for the class of 2010. This number includes only those who are Chinese nationals and covers

students from Hong Kong but not from Taiwan. This increase is a function of a drastic rise in the number of applicants to Brown from China, Miller said. This year, the University received 261 applications from Chinese students, more than five times the number of applicants four years ago. Students and administrators attribute the rising demand to a number of factors.

First, as part of its recent internationalization initiative, the administration has made a concerted effort to increase Brown’s connections and reputation abroad in general, according to Vasuki Nesiah, director of international affairs. “To ensure that Brown students have a more internationalized education, a lot of work has been focused on bringing more international perspectives to the classroom,” she said. Nesiah said that the University

has been building relationships with China in particular. In 2006, President Ruth Simmons visited the country and returned vowing to work to create a greater international presence. This shift has also come as part of a larger trend among Chinese students, many of whom are increasingly choosing to attend college abroad. “There’s a growing awareness about continued on page 4

Maeda speaks of authenticity By Paula Kaufman Contributing Writer

Technology is an important tool for asking questions and expanding dialogue, the Rhode Island School of Design’s new inaugurated president John Maeda told a Brown audience yesterday, but it should be humanized if it is to be effective. Maeda, who has degrees in engineering, design and business, spoke to a full MacMillan 117 yesterday as part of the Computer Science Department and Center for Vision Research’s distinguished lecture series. Maeda, known for works that synthesize art and science, talked about using technology to create ways to communicate with people. The trick, he said, is humanizing the technology so that people feel like they can connect with it. Along those lines, Maeda brought giant screens to RISD’s campus that allow students to dis-



play art on them at any time. “Students have trouble sleeping, right?” Maeda said. “I want a student at 1:30 in the morning to be thinking and send in a piece of art.” Such screens are revenue-generating mechanisms at other schools, but RISD’s screens are free for all to use. Maeda said he regularly posts images. Maeda’s art is also publicly accessible. Some pieces, like an online calendar he created, invite viewers to participate. With each click, the image changes. His piece “Darfur” requires the viewer to scroll down — and down. The word “Darfur” repeats itself in a seemingly infinite list, with each letter of the repeated words representing one of the 400,000 people who have died in the east African genocide as of May 2006. “Scroll your browser and everything will look the same. You will

A ‘WELCOME SHOCK’ Did you see weird happenings across campus yesterday? Don’t worry, it’s just performance art

continued on page 4



Courtesy of

RISD’s new president, John Maeda, told his MacMillan 117 audience that technology needs to be humanized.

Jose the plumber? Though they can’t vote, international students are closely following the election



Actual responsibilities Matthew Corritore ’09 thinks community organizing isn’t just for “touchy-feely” liberals

195 Angell Street, Providence, Rhode Island


in firebomb investigation By Chris Duffy Contributing Writer

More than seven months after a firebomb attack on a Hillel staffer’s home shocked the Brown community, law enforcement officials say the investigation is at a standstill. “The perpetrators have never been caught,” Special Agent Maureen Robinson of the FBI’s Boston office said, “and the motivation for the crime was never determined.” The attack occurred early on a Saturday morning last March, when two Molotov cocktails — glass bottles filled with gasoline and rags — were thrown at the offcampus residence of Yossi Knafo, the Jewish Agency emissar y to Brown/RISD Hillel and an Israeli national. According a Providence Police Department incident report, the first bottle exploded on the outside of the house, lighting the siding on fire. The second bottle was thrown through Knafo’s bedroom window on the second floor but did not explode. The investigation was initially conducted jointly by state and local police, DPS and the FBI, Robinson said. Both PPD and DPS officials declined to comment on the investigation. A police report provided to The Herald by PPD had not been updated since March. continued on page 4 athlete of the week Football’s Dougherty ’09 set a new Ivy League record in passing yards

News tips:

T oday Page 2

Friday, October 17, 2008


We a t h e r

Vagina Dentata | Soojean Kim



sunny 58 / 39

partly cloudy 57 / 38

Menu Sharpe Refectory

Verney-Woolley Dining Hall

Lunch — Tomato Basil Pie, Grilled Vegetable Calzone, Chicken Jambalaya with Bacon, Snickerdoodles

Lunch — Chicken Fingers, Baked Vegan Nuggets, Peanut Butter and Jelly Bar, Baked Beans

Dinner — Manicotti Piedmontese, Fish Duglere, Grilled Salmon with Minted Pea Puree, Chocolate Cinnamon Cake Roll

Dinner — Tilapia with Provensal Sauce, Grilled Chicken, Spinach Pie Casserole, Chocolate Cinnamon Cake Roll

Brown Meets RISD | Miguel Llorente

Sudoku Fill in the grid so that every row, every column and every 3x3 box contains the digits 1 through 9.

Epimetheos | Samuel Holzman

Enigma Twist | Dustin Foley

RELEASE DATE– Friday, October 17, 2008 © Puzzles by Pappocom

Los Angeles Times Puzzle C r o sDaily s w oCrossword rd Edited by Rich Norris and Joyce Nichols Lewis

ACROSS 1 Scatter 6 Turn in a box 11 Cross shape 14 King Faisal, e.g. 15 Herbes de Provence ingredient 16 Like an ant. 17 Inevitable fact of life? 19 Sturgeon output 20 Largest of the Society Islands 21 It might be high 22 Synthesized genre 25 Painting pace for a noted dadaist? 28 Cooper’s tool 29 Unwelcome plant? 31 Whipps candy bar maker 32 Breeze 34 Author Leonard 37 Unmitigated military leader? 42 Orchestral premiere of 4/7/1805 43 Bit of mirth 45 Deceptive moves 48 Cross-country transport? 51 Large amount 52 Where loggers are immortalized? 55 Babylonian goddess of love and war 57 Dude 58 Aslan’s creation 60 Jaunty hat 61 Switching from 38s to 45s, say? 66 Pay supplement? 67 She plays Eleanor in “Stuart Little” 68 “De rien” elicitor 69 Bug-eyed toon dog 70 “Bellefleur” author 71 Board material DOWN 1 Retirement org. 2 Touching game 3 Wish one hadn’t 4 “Mythology” author Hamilton 5 Gospel music family name

6 Town in Abruzzi 7 Frat letter 8 How most letters go 9 Early hrs. 10 Kickoff aid 11 Conservatives 12 Orbital extreme 13 Flips 18 Hack 21 Convention delivery 22 Univ. helpers 23 __ Krabappel, Bart Simpson’s teacher 24 Magnate 26 Brown bigwig 27 LPGA star __ Pak 30 Creature in Disney World’s Expedition Everest 33 Union contract? 35 It stops at each sta. 36 Advanced drama degs. 38 Liberal group 39 Poke (around) 40 Whence the Magi 41 Long-necked runner

44 Rhine feeder 45 Contributor 46 Yoga command 47 Bo Diddley classic 49 Big man on a board 50 “Am I the only one?” 53 Not satisfied 54 State with the longest tidal shoreline on the Atlantic

56 Muslim palace area 59 Genetic molecules 61 Opposite of hence 62 “The Crying Game” actor 63 “... __ the set of sun”: “Macbeth” 64 Dayton-based technology co. 65 Kit letters

Alien Weather Forecast | Stephen Lichenstein and Adam Wagner


Fizzle Pop | Patricia Chou


T he B rown D aily H erald Editorial Phone: 401.351.3372 Business Phone: 401.351.3260

University community since 1891. It is published Monday through Friday during the aca-

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once in July by The Brown Daily Herald, Inc. POSTMASTER please send corrections to

Ross Frazier, Vice President Mandeep Gill, Treasurer Darren Ball, Secretary By Jack McInturff (c)2008 Tribune Media Services, Inc.


The Brown Daily Herald (USPS 067.740) is an independent newspaper serving the Brown demic year, excluding vacations, once during Commencement, once during Orientation and P.O. Box 2538, Providence, RI 02906. Periodicals postage paid at Providence, R.I. Offices are located at 195 Angell St., Providence, R.I. E-mail World Wide Web: Subscription prices: $319 one year daily, $139 one semester daily. Copyright 2007 by The Brown Daily Herald, Inc. All rights reserved.

A rts & C ulture Friday, October 17, 2008

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Improv goes really long form

Meara Sharma / Herald

They may not be real pirates, but the a cappella group “Arrr!!!” still participated in a non-violent artistic takeover of College Hill yesterday.

Street performers take over College Hill By Anne Speyer Contributing Writer

A man in a bathrobe smoking a cigar recited “Green Eggs and Ham” to quiet drum accompaniment in front of the Brown Bookstore. Eight singers at one end of The Walk competed with the sound of a group of drummers at the other. Arrr!!!, Brown’s pirate a capella group, sang sea shanties outside of Faunce Arch. For a half hour yesterday evening, Brown’s campus and the surrounding streets were transformed by a massive outdoor theater event thanks to the hard work of a theater collective known as EXP and about 200 volunteer performers, most of them students at Brown and the Rhode Island School of Design. EXP, which began as a group independent study project, consists of Hollis Mickey ’10, Chrissie Bodznik ’10 and Karin Freed ’09. The three are dedicated to creating unlikely theater performances. Throughout the semester,

each group member is responsible for the planning and execution of a major theatrical event. Freed was the creator of yesterday’s “Street Theatre Eruption.” She said the concept appealed to her because she likes “big, communal theater.” She wanted to “put theater in a new place” and give pedestrians a “welcome shock.” The point of the event, she said Thursday afternoon, was to get people to “imagine the world as it could be.” “What if the streets were always like this?” she asked. Though Freed said she told her performers they couldn’t do “anything illegal,” it was important to her that participants be as free as possible. “Anything is performance if you think it’s performance,” she explained. “At least, that’s the mentality that we’re taking to this event.” The Theatre Eruption, which lasted from 5 p.m. to 5:30 p.m., was met with surprise and appreciation by most witnesses. Mariposa Garth-Pelly ’08.5 stopped on the

Main Green to watch two circus performers doing acro-balance — a combination of balancing and acrobatics — and walking on stilts. “I think it’s really cool,” Garth-Pelly said. “It’s really fun that everybody gets to do what they want.” Watching with her was Lindsay Southworth-Schall ’09, who added, “It makes you think about what a place Brown is. All these things could happen individually and no one would notice. It’s just special because they’re all happening at once.” On George Street, a group of girls watched ruefully as their boyfriends, wearing nothing but sailor jackets and underwear, read aloud from Dante’s “Divine Comedy” while dancing to techno music. Freed said that video clips of the event should be available on EXP’s blog by next week. In the meantime, EXP aims to do at least one small event every week. “There are ways to make art happen all the time,” Freed said, “and we’re doing it.”

PW pulls off order and chaos in ‘Arcadia’ By Ben Hyman Ar ts & Culture Editor

Tom Stoppard’s 1993 play “Arcadia” is a comedy of manners set in England at the turn of the 19th century. It’s also a present-day drama about the surprising thrills and perils of historical research. It’s about Lord Byron, iterative algebra, mortality and the second law of thermodynamics. And landscape gardening. And sex. In other words, “Arcadia” — running tonight through Monday in Production Workshop’s downstairs space — is complex and exhilarating, a Stoppard play through and through, with an intricate interweaving of disparate themes into a multifaceted, gemlike whole. The PW production, directed by Doug Eacho ’11, presents an unusually dark vision of the play, relying on the strength of its cast and an inventive set design to draw out the nihilistic themes in Stoppard’s script. “Arcadia,” which runs about two-and-a-half hours, takes place entirely in a single room at Sidley Park, a fictional English estate. The

play opens in 1809, with 13-yearold Thomasina Coverly — played charmingly by Deepali Gupta ’12 — and her tutor, 22-year-old Septimus Hodge — Boaz Munro ’09 — somber but passionate, silently engaged in their work. In typical Stoppardian fashion, their conversation immediately veers toward “sexual congress,” a subject about which Thomasina knows next to nothing and Septimus knows a

REVIEW great deal. But he quickly discovers, through Thomasina’s uncomprehending gossiping, that he was recently spotted in a secret tryst in the gazebo with the wife of a house guest. Worse yet, the house guest in question — a lackluster poet named Ezra Chater (Arik Beatty ’10) — knows about the whole thing. Furious at this insult to his honor, Chater interrupts Thomasina’s lesson fully prepared to challenge Septimus to a duel, but the tutor is able to talk him down — though only temporarily — by flattering his mediocre poetry.

Thomasina’s mother — and lady of the house — Lady Croom (Emma Price ’09) enters from the garden, trailing Captain Brice, her brother (Jonathan Migliori ’11) and Richard Noakes (Jacob Combs ’11), the landscape designer the family has hired to bring Sidley Park’s picturesque gardens up to date with the latest fashions for the Romantic Gothic style. Lady Croom fiercely opposes the change but must defer to her husband. The group departs to greet a hunting party that includes Sidley Park’s unseen house guest, the enigmatic poet Lord Byron. The action then shifts to the present. The Coverly family still occupies Sidley Park, but the estate’s defining presence is Hannah Jarvis (Ana Escobedo ’11), a successful writer and historian studying the estate’s gardens — she has access to the house’s extensive archives and virtually runs the place. Her research is soon interr upted, though, by the arrival of Bernard Nightingale (Ned Riseley ’12), an continued on page 4

Tonight in Salomon 001, Starla and Sons, a Brown long-form improvisational comedy group, will kick off the College Hill Long-Form Improv Festival, a 24-hour marathon of comedy. Aside from Starla and Sons, the festival will feature 10 long-form improv troupes, including Brown groups IMPROVidence and 13.5 Inches. Four teams from other colleges — one each from Yale and Columbia and two from Boston University — and four professional groups — Providence troupes Improv Jones, Dos Personas and Unexpected Company as well as Improv Boston — will also perform. Starla and Sons will open the festival with an hourlong performance at 9 p.m. They will also be the festival’s closing act, performing at 8 p.m. Saturday after 23 sleepless hours. “These 24-hour festivals are just hilarious all the time,” said Will Guzzardi ’09, the group’s founder. “People are tired and delirious. It’s a great experience as an audience and participant, and it will be a lot of fun for all who are involved.” Guzzardi decided to start Starla and Sons in fall 2006, hoping to introduce the Brown community to the longer skits and diverse style of long-form comedy. Long-form differs from short-form not only in the length of the skits presented but also in substance. “Long-form can still be funny, whimsical and silly, but it’s also about ideas and relationships,” Guzzardi said. “It’s deeper in a way.” Guzzardi hopes the festival will have a permanent effect both on Brown’s improv community and improv nationwide. “A big point of the festival is putting Brown on the map and Providence on the map, in terms of a place where improv happens,” Guzzardi said. “We are hoping to establish this as something that people look forward to — not just at Brown or in Providence, but around the area and the country.” The festival will feature a different performance every hour. Viewers will pay $1 to enter the festival and will receive a hand-stamp, allowing them to come and go freely during the 24 hours. There will also be a variety of events throughout the festival in between performances, including a free donut-and-coffee breakfast at 10 a.m. on Saturday and two $50 raffles — one at 9 a.m. on Saturday for those who stay the initial 12 hours and another at the end of the festival for those who stay the entire second half. “I really hope people will think to themselves, ‘Man, it’s 3 o’clock in the morning; I bet there is some crazy sh*t going on,’” Guzzardi said. “That’s what I really hope. That people get excited about the sheer craziness of the project.”

— Hannah Levintova


Friday, October 17, 2008

‘Arcadia’ shines, but a little too coldly

From Beijing to Brown: More Chinese students enroll

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continued from page 3 unscrupulous literature scholar hunting for proof that Byron killed Chater in a duel. As the scenes continue to alternate from past to present, we learn more about Thomasina’s budding mathematical genius, Septimus’ romantic attachments and the havoc that Lord Byron wreaks on the stability of Sidley Park. It is one of the play’s delicious paradoxes that the 1809 characters are always one step ahead of the modern ones, who seem to be constantly scrambling to pick up the leftover scraps, the remnants of the past, that will allow them to reconstruct what actually happened. Viewers, tr ying to piece this convoluted action together for themselves, also become historians, and share in the thrill of discovery as the play’s structure begins to make sense, epiphany after epiphany. But even as the audience members delve deeper into the mystery, they repeatedly find themselves confronted with more chaos and unknowability. Working with set designer Jenny Filipetti ’09, Eacho found a way to convert this process of almost-discovery into a stage design. The spare set is bordered by

panels draped in white cloth like the kind used to cover furniture being sent into storage. Over the course of the play, as the historians begin to find that the answers to their questions only demand more questions, the coverings begin to fall, revealing tangled webs of string, creatively evoking the multifarious complexity of the past that history can only roughly approximate. Combined with the striking lighting design by James Hart ’12, this process of lifting the veil on yet more concealment becomes expressive of Eacho’s vision for “Arcadia.” “I think it’s a very dark play,” Hart told The Herald. “It’s about this progression from order to chaos and how people deal with that.” At the same time, the play isn’t all doom and gloom. Stoppard’s script is also deeply funny, and though the jokes tend to be buried under multiple layers of allusion, the talented cast does an admirable job of bringing the comedy to the surface. Escobedo and Riseley are perfectly cast in their roles as the dueling scholars. As icy, buttoned-up Hannah, the Apollonian to Bernard’s ostentatious Dionysian, Escobedo uses an English accent

with consonants sharp enough to cut flesh, and she handles the many registers of the demanding part beautifully. With astute comic timing, Riseley is hilarious as the affected Bernard, and the two actors develop an engaging onstage rapport. As Valentine, a scientist and one of the present-day Coverly children, Justin Kuritzkes ’12 offers a subdued and nuanced portrayal. Kathr yn Rhoads ’11 and Kyle Dacuyan ’11, as Valentine’s siblings Chloe and Gus, and Nicholas Rosholt ’10, as Jellaby the butler, complete the strong cast. Even though the show more than succeeds overall, PW’s “Arcadia” also suffers a little from the production team’s slightly cold approach. The second law of thermodynamics, which dictates that systems can move from hot to cold but not the other way, is a major theme in the play, and it is as true of theater as of anything else. Intelligent humor and emotional intensity are certainly valuable, but in Stoppard’s “Arcadia,” it’s the sex that maintains a steady infusion of heat to keep the plot going. The PW production might have benefited from a little more of that intangible and unquantifiable something called chemistry.

continued from page 1 American universities among Chinese students,” Miller said. Kening Tan ’12, who chose the University for its open curriculum and environmental studies and international relations programs, said that Brown’s academic reputation and prestige may be a factor for many students. “Our parents always want us to go to a top college,” Tan said. “All the Ivy League colleges are attractive because they’re famous and the education has a worldwide reputation.” Nesiah echoed these sentiments, saying that Brown’s strong reputation likely contributes to the interest in China. Economic factors may be at play as well, as Chinese students find it easier to pay for an American education. Miller said the growth of China’s middle class has made attending college abroad an option for more families. “As the economy matures, there are more families in China who are able to pay,” he said. Chinese students also cited their financial aid packages as a large part of their decision to attend. According to Tan, American schools in general tend to have a reputation for offering hefty financial aid packages to Chinese students, many of whom cannot afford full tuition costs of attending

Maeda speaks to humanizing technology in CS lecture continued from page 1 feel nothing — that’s the problem,” says a caption above the computer art, which is viewable at one of his Web sites, MaedaStudio. For Maeda, that feeling of detachment can actually be conquered with better use of technology. “Humanity is somehow about what is authentic, real and fake. This is why I came to RISD,” Maeda said. Much of Maeda’s art depends on one’s clicking a mouse, he said, but technology has become so inhuman that it fails to inspire. “We’re maxed out of it,” he said. “The newest thing does not seem

good enough.” Maeda predicts a movement towards “the humanization of technology” will come about as a response. Maeda, formerly of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, said he hopes to “free his hands” at RISD. “We want the authentic, the real that cannot be made fake,” he said. In Maeda’s teaching model, there is a free exchange of thought in a student body — questions trump answers. “Hierarchies are no longer valid,” he said. At RISD, Maeda’s motto has been transparency and participation. To this end, Maeda has a

blog. He said he helped students unload when they moved in, eats in the RISD cafeteria and sparks conversations with students. Colleges profess community but rarely emulate it, Maeda said. One example is e-mails that circulate saying, “‘We need to build community,’ that say at the bottom, ‘Do not respond to this e-mail,’” he said. Teodor Moldovan ’09 is a computer science concentrator, though he had never previously attended the department lecture series. But Maeda’s background in art excited him, he said. “This is the only one that remotely interested me.” “If you took it seriously as a dis-

tinguished lecture in computer sciences it was disappointing. If you did not take it seriously, it was a lot of fun,” said Roger Blumberg, an adjunct lecturer in computer science and RISD professor. “At the end I wanted to have a conversation with him. Hang out,” Micha Elsner GS said. Maeda, who came from MIT’s Media Lab to become RISD’s 16th president earlier this year, authored a bestselling book, “The Laws of Simplicity.” He has exhibited work at the Museum of Modern Art. In 1999, Esquire magazine named him one of the 21 most important people in the 21st century.

schools abroad. Jo Jo Fang ’11 said that she was admitted to three similar schools in the U.S. and ultimately chose Brown largely because of the package she was offered. Regardless of their specific reasons for coming here, Chinese students are finding their community far from home. Tan said that this year’s Chinese first-years are very close. “Because we are all from China, it’s easier for us to become very good friends. You can see them as your family in another country.” The University has helped facilitate community-building, holding pre-Orientation gatherings in Beijing and Shanghai for students, in addition to its International Mentoring Program. With this change in demographics at Brown, some cultural organizations are changing too. Julia Chiang ’09, president of the Chinese Students Association, said that several Chinese students have joined the group, which, in past years, consisted mostly of Chinese-Americans. “I think it has added a lot of diversity to the CSA. It’s good to get different perspectives from people.” In the future, Chiang said, the club may “try to cater more to people who are actually from China” by holding more cultural events.

No answers in Knafo fire bombing incident continued from page 1 Three teenagers were arrested a few days after the incident for throwing similar explosives outside a former synagogue elsewhere in Providence, The Herald reported in March, but law enforcement officials said the two incidents seemed to be unrelated. Robinson said that Knafo’s case was first investigated as a potential hate crime, and the case is still open. “At the outset, there was some indication that the origination for the criminal act was either in whole or in part based on Mr. Knafo’s nationality,” she said. In the weeks following the attack, meetings were held on campus for students to discuss any concerns about the incident and the possibility that it was a hate crime. “It was certainly a significant event because it was ver y scar y,” said Margaret Klawunn, vice president for campus life and student ser vices. “I think it led to some ver y meaningful discussions among students, faculty and staff.” Temporar y security measures were undertaken after the attack, including stationing an armed Department Public Safety officer outside Hillel. Security has now loosened with no changes in how Brown operates, Klawunn said. Knafo said he feels “ver y safe” on campus and is “just tr ying to move on.” He added, “I’m fine and I’m having a great time at Brown.” “As far as the investigation, I don’t know what’s left to be done,” said Robinson. “With hate crimes, sometimes things come up down the road.”

C ampus n ews Friday, October 17, 2008

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Brown/RISD festival celebrates digital literature By Ibiayi Briggs Contributing Writer

Today through Sunday, Brown and the Rhode Island School of Design will be hosting Interrupt 2008, a festival celebrating creative expression

ARTS & CULTURE in digital media. The festival is held in various locations around Providence and consists of a series of workshops, roundtable discussions and lectures by various artists in the field. Digital literature, a focus of the festival, utilizes the capabilities of new media, especially computer and Internet technology, in the production of writing. Justin Katko GS, a student in electronic writing and a festival organizer, described digital literature as “putting words in temporal space,” in part because the art form often puts text in motion. According to one of the event’s coordinators, Visiting Professor of Literary Arts John Cayley, the University has played a significant role in the history of digital literature. The hypertext software commonly used to animate text was partly developed here. The festival’s theme is based on the computer code IRQ, which commands the system to interrupt a process and begin another. It is also a pun on the words “I argue,” reflecting the organizers’ hope that the festival will foster discussion. Cayley said the group of writers, artists, poets and engineers participating will be able to provide varied interpretations on this theme. The festival’s artists-in-residence, Young-Hae Chang Heavy Industries,

are well-known within the net art community. The Seoul-based group of Young-Hae Chang and Marc Voge create animated poems in English, French and Korean. The festival organizers reached beyond the world of digital literature by including the team of Foofwa D’Imobilité and Alan Sondheim. The former is a classically-trained experimental dancer and the latter is a poet and artist. In their “weird and fun” work, as Foofwa describes it, the partners use motion capture technology to record and digitize Foofwa’s dance movements, which are then reproduced by a Second Life avatar. Sondheim edits the avatar’s movements, and Foofwa reinterprets the now-distorted playback, producing a new dance to be fed back into the system. This process is repeated several times, blurring the line between man and machine and leaving the audience questioning what is real and what is fake. Interrupt 2008 also incorporates an element of community outreach. Electronic writing student Samantha Gorman ’06 GS has partnered with high schools in Seekonk and Barrington to bring a few local students and faculty to the event. For example, one Barrington High School student will be using her experience at the festival to complete the field research for a senior project as part of her graduation requirements. Deborah Gorman, a teacher at Barrington who will be attending festival events, said she hopes to be able to build on the experience to create workshops and independent study projects involving her students and Brown faculty.

If not votes, plenty of voices among foreign students By Melissa Shube Senior Staff Writer

Carlo Coppetti ’11 stared intently at the computer screen as Sens. John McCain and Barack Obama sounded off at Wednesday night’s final presidential debate and fought for the support of “Joe the Plumber.” Coppetti, who canvasses for Obama, is as engaged in the elec-

FEATURE tion as any other student. But this November, Coppetti will not be voting — not for McCain, Obama or any candidate. He’s not a felon, a minor or even apathetic — he’s international. And like many international students, Coppetti — who is from Switzerland — has been keeping a close eye on an election in which he has no say. The international community is “watching (the election) so closely, and now that the economy is going really, really badly, whatever happens here affects the world,” Xelef Botan ’11 said. Botan, who is from Turkey, said his home country is especially concerned about what happens in Iraq because the countries are neighbors. But even though international students will be spectators on Nov. 4, many are just as vocal as Americans. Nikhita Raman ’11, who is from Indonesia but went to school in India,

said she’s most concerned about the candidates’ foreign policy positions and how they will affect the global community. “I do want America to have a president who has a good tax policy or a good idea for a health care system, but it’s not something that I would spend too much time trying to understand,” she said. Raman added that she is not used to watching presidential candidates debate live on television. “We have speeches, but we never have these debates that are open for the entire country to watch,” Raman said. She also said that in India there is less of a discussion about the policies of a candidate. “People just generally go to pick the person that’s going to favor them,” she said. Here, she said, “we have the privilege of picking the person we want to vote for based on their general policies.” Coppetti said his international friends on campus are watching the debates and are concerned about the election. “It’s a little surprising that people actually make the effort to get into American politics, to learn about how things work and to take the time to read about and think about the current election, even though they’re less affected then American citizens,” he said. Some students interviewed by The Herald said this election is especially continued on page 6

Quinn Savit / Herald

Associate Professor of Political Science Peter Andreas, Professor-at-Large Richard Holbrooke ‘62 and Associate Professor of International Studies Keith Brown discussed Andreas’ book at the Watson Institute last night.

IR experts discuss prof ’s new book By Sara Sunshine Senior Staff Writer

Four international relations experts came together last night for a panel discussion centered on Associate Professor of Political Science Peter Andreas’ book “Blue Helmets and Black Markets.” The recently published book compiles anecdotes and interviews to trace the development of an illicit economy during the Siege of Sarajevo in the Bosnian War.

Andreas was joined by Professor-at-Large Richard Holbrooke ’62, who authored the Dayton Peace Accords that ended the Bosnian War, Vice President for International Affairs David Kennedy ’76 and Associate Professor of International Studies Keith Brown. Each panelist spoke to an overflowing audience in the Watson Institute for International Studies’ Joukowsky Forum about his perspective on the siege of Sarajevo, which, according to Andreas,

was the longest-running and most internationalized such conflict in modern history. The siege, started when Serb forces surrounded the Bosnian capital, lasted three-and-ahalf years, during which more than 12,000 people –– mostly civilians –– were killed. “(The UN peace-keeping forces) are gatekeepers formally but they also become black-market helpers,” Andreas said, adding that continued on page 6

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David Horowitz speaks with The Herald Yesterday, writer and activist David Horowitz spoke to a nearly empty MacMillan 117 about Islam, Islamofascism, the war on terror and lack of diversity of thought. The Herald spoke with Horowitz after his lecture about his relationship with Brown, winning hearts and minds in the Middle East and Africa and his thoughts on Condoleezza Rice. Herald: Why are you doing this lecture series? Horowitz: It’s a kind of counter-curriculum. ... There are only one or two conservatives on your entire faculty, which is a disgrace and it did not happen by accident. ... It’s appropriate to bring any subject into a classroom, but only as long as you dissect it, not as a pretext for recruiting students to a political point of view. You have a history of dialogue with the Brown community. What draws you to engage with Brown? I was invited by the students. The Brown Daily Herald actually initiated my relationship with Brown by printing my article and being very brave. ... (When I first printed that ad), the head of the College Democrats ... told the head of the College Republicans, who invited me, that there would be violence if I came. So the College Republicans backed down, and it was not until three years later students that had been freshmen in the CRs at the time became its leaders. They invited me to come (to) Brown and Ruth Simmons, to her credit, came to our speech, and that ensured that it would be civil. ... She was very good. She said, “If I had been president, I would have invited David Horowitz to come to Brown.” ... The diversity provost said they would invite me back but that never happened. That is my whole story with Brown. Do you think that to fight this war on, as you call it, “Islamofascism” the United States should be doing more

Friday, October 17, 2008


to win hearts and minds in the Middle East and north Africa? I don’t think you can do it just by being nice. ... Unfortunately, we’re actually in a war and it’s not so easy to win hearts and minds. ... America’s been very generous. You know, there have been more hate incidents in this country against Jews than against Muslims. ... Israel has done a lot for the Palestinians. They sent a lot of money to the refugees. The State Department is currently considering sending diplomats to Iran. If you were advising Condoleezza Rice, would you support or oppose this? I don’t have any respect any more for Condoleezza Rice. She compared the terrorists of the PLO (Palestine Liberation Organization) to civil rights workers. She’s not my secretary of state. ... If they had a coherent strategy, would I rule out (the State Department having an office in Tehran)? No. A smart policy has many elements to it. Talking is usually one of them. Would you support removing passages from Leviticus which condemn homosexuals or condemn a person to death for working on Sundays? Both Judaism and Christianity have developed a tradition where they can distance themselves from statements like that. ... Both of these religions have found a way of modernizing themselves. Islam hasn’t. How do you envision the ultimate conclusion of the war on terror? I think it’s going to last for generations. ... Iran has got to be democratized. ... Palestine represents the biggest problem because ... suicide bombers are national heroes there. Is there anything else you would like to add? I’m sorry that I came to compete with the Red Sox.

Horowitz speaks to sparse MacMillan continued from page 1 Israel views, said the purpose of his lecture was to counter “liberal orthodoxy” on campus. “You have one of the worst faculties in the United States,” he said. “These people are communists — they are totalitarians.” The lecture was titled “Helping the Enemy to Win: Support for the Jihad on American Campuses.” “Islam is a fundamentalist religion,” Horowitz said, adding that the Quran left ver y little room for interpretation when compared to the Hebrew and Christian Bibles. Sean Quigley ’10, Herald opinions columnist and executive editor for content of the Brown Spectator, which brought Horowitz to campus, said in his introduction that one purpose of the event was to bring an uncommon point of view to the Brown campus. “We’re not intending to attack Islam specifically or campus Muslims,” Quigley said. The Spectator invited the Brown Muslim Student Association to participate in the event, but BMSA declined, said Anish Mitra ’10, the Spectator’s executive editor for production and a Herald opinions columnist. Horowitz criticized Muslim Student Associations on campuses across the countr y for obser ving “Nakba,” which he described as a day of mourning the creation of Israel. Horowitz likened observance of Nakba to white Americans holding a day of mourning on the anniversar y of the end of South African apartheid. Horowitz said one part of the Hadith — or sayings of Moham-

mad — which reads “The Hour will not be established until you fight with the Jews, and the stone behind which a Jew will be hiding will say, ‘O Muslim! There is a Jew hiding behind me, so kill him,’” is “a call to genocide.” He said MSAs around the countr y had refused to condemn the passage and criticized its removal by the University of Southern California from the MSA page on the university’s Web site. Regarding the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, “there is no right on the Arab side — there is none,” Horowitz said. The Arabs invented the idea of a Palestinian identity on the advice of communists in order to gain the sympathies of Western leftists, Horowitz said. Zionism is the “only national liberation movement in the world opposed by the left — because they’re Jewish,” Horowitz said. “The left is the fountainhead of anti-Semitism in this countr y — Jew-hatred.” “People like Jimmy Carter are only genocide enablers. He’s a Jewhater,” Horowitz said. During the question-and-answer session, one audience member told Horowitz he would “vomit” facing the liberal bias in Brown’s classrooms. “This whole university is a project of the left-communistfeminist-Nazi-fascist media,” he added. In response, Horowitz criticized a former professor of black philosophy at Brown for having radically liberal views. “Could you imagine a professor teaching white philosophy?” he asked. The same audience member answered, adding, “Maybe you could

teach it here.” But another questioner thought the first audience member was mocking Horowitz. “He’s being sarcastic. Stop responding to him!” he said. One audience member pointed out that the United Nations labels Gaza and the West Bank “occupied territories.” “The U.N. General Assembly gave a standing ovation to a cannibal: (Ugandan dictator) Idi Amin,” Horowitz said. “That’s who runs the U.N.” When asked whether he considered the views of Christian fundamentalists such as Alaskan Gov. Sarah Palin dangerous, Horowitz said, “Sarah Palin wouldn’t hurt a fly — maybe a moose.” Will Grapentine, who graduated from Roger Williams University in May, said he thought it was encouraging to see students with different beliefs show up with open minds rather than protesting outside. Grapentine, who said he has seen Horowitz speak many times, is running for state representative as a Republican in Rhode Island’s 69th district. “I thought that it was good to see diverse opinions ... at one of the most progressive institutions in the countr y,” he said. Natasha Pradhan ’12, who comes from a Muslim background, said after the lecture that she did not agree with Horowitz’s statement that the Quran leaves little room for interpretation in comparison to the Bible. “Of course there a lot of different interpretations of the Koran.” She said she felt Horowitz held many baseless preconceptions about Muslims.

International, but still interested in prez race continued from page 5 relevant to the international community because of President Bush’s poor reputation abroad. “We’re at a crucial point in time,” Coppetti said. “There’s a big chance of the U.S. becoming even more of a segregated society, of more wars starting, of the U.S. losing power on a global scale.” Nathanael Geman ’09, who has dual French and American citizenship, said many Europeans have not been pleased with decisions made by the American government in the last eight years. “I think even Europeans would (want to) see someone like Barack Obama get elected,” he said, “not only in terms of American domestic policy, but for internationals, for for-

eign policy and for the image that the U.S. has abroad.” Coppetti said many people in Europe do not understand the views of the religious right, especially on issues like abortion and evolution. “In Europe, people aren’t as religious,” he said. “My friends and my family, when they talk about American politics, they are just really alienated by these concepts.” The constant barrage of election information has forced many students to learn about the American political system, something that might have been less of a priority before the excitement of this race. To foreign students, the American political system can come off as strangely polarized. When Geman first learned about the American twoparty system, he said he struggled

with the lack of compromise between the Democratic and Republican values. “I just found it weird at the beginning that either one or the other side had to be all encompassing,” he said. Coppetti said he has learned a lot from canvassing and phone banking for Obama. “I get to see a side of the United States I haven’t seen before,” he said. But being on campus may not be the best place to learn about varied political views. Most students here tend to lean Democratic, which does not reflect the political landscape of the country as a whole. “I feel always that I’m at Brown and I’m not in the United States,” Raman said. “I think it would maybe be nice to go get another perspective.”

Andreas’ book recounts Siege of Sarajevo continued from page 5 many people became smugglers of sorts themselves in order to get humanitarian aid to the people who needed it. Kennedy described “Blue Helmets and Black Markets” as an exploration of the relationship between an international humanitarian response and the black market. The presence of the humanitarian response, the book argues, had the consequence of creating an illicit war economy. The siege of Sarajevo, Kennedy said, is “in a sense, a cautionary tale about the ways (peacekeeping forces) can get caught up in the darker side of political and

economic life.” Holbrooke, who is a former U.S. ambassador to the United Nations and a former Herald editor-in-chief, shared some personal stories about his experience during the siege. He said he used a fake ID pass from the U.N. to enter the city in an armored personnel carrier, and what he saw there was often bizarre. “I remember, most vividly, very good-looking women dressed up in fatigues with high heels,” Holbrooke said. The women later changed into dresses to attend a party, Holbrooke added, where “everyone was dancing like there was no tomorrow because there might not have been a tomorrow.”

Andreas’ book has contemporary relevance, Holbrooke said. “It’s not an academic book. ... I consider that a compliment.” Brown added, “It’s provocative and courageous to write a book that focuses on the ‘winners’ (of such a horrible situation),” referring to the war profiteers. Andreas closed the panel with a discussion of his motivations for writing the book. “The starting point for me is an intellectual curiosity,” he said. “Sieges are supposed to be obsolete in Europe.” Andreas said that his book is “not a black-and-white story. It’s not an expose. It’s about the double-edge of international intervention.”

W orld & n ation Friday, October 17, 2008

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Oil drops below $70 while stocks rally late in day U.S. reviews By Martin Zimmerman Los Angeles T imes

Stocks staged a strong comeback rally Thursday as investors set aside fears of a looming recession to celebrate a drop in oil prices below $70 a barrel for the first time in more than a year. According to preliminary results, the Dow Jones Industrial Average closed up 401.35 points, or 4.7 percent, at 8,979.26 after recovering from a decline of more than 300 points early in the day. The broader Standard & Poor’s 500 index gained 38.51 points, or 4.2 percent, to close at 946.35. And the tech-heavy Nasdaq composite index rallied 89.38 points, or 5.5 percent, to 1,717.71. It was only the third time in the last 14 trading sessions that the Dow has finished in positive territory. Analysts credited the rally in part to oil’s first close below $70 since August 2007. Crude settled at $69.85 a barrel, down $4.69, or 6.3 percent. Lower crude prices can provide a

boost to consumer spending, which accounts for about two-thirds of U.S. economic activity. “Having oil prices come down like this is like a tax cut for consumers,” said Allan Rudnick, chairman emeritus of Kayne Anderson Rudnick Investment Management in Los Angeles. He noted, however, that a great amount of uncertainty still surrounds the health of the U.S. economy and the effectiveness of the worldwide effort to solve the global credit crisis. While credit markets continued to show small signs of improvement Thursday, Rudnick noted that the financial system isn’t out of the woods yet. “We’ve got a ways to go before the markets feel comfortable that banks are back in a real lending mode,” he said. “It’s not going to happen overnight.” In early trading, the Dow and the S&P fell below last Friday’s closing lows — 8,451.19 for the Dow and 899.22 for the S&P 500 — which some analysts had feared could spark a renewed round of

selling. Instead, after fluctuating through most of the day, stocks rallied strongly as the closing bell neared — a welcome contrast to the recent trend of sharp sell-offs in the last hour of trading. Thursday’s early losses, which momentarily wiped out what remained of Monday’s 936-point gain in the Dow, came as investors continued to fret that the economy was headed for a deep recession. A Philadelphia Federal Reserve report suggested that regional manufacturing conditions have weakened in October. The Philadelphia Fed’s reading on manufacturing came in at a negative 37.5 compared with a positive 3.8 for September. On the plus side, a reading on consumer prices came in better than expected. Investors are anxious after the market plunged Wednesday on a stream of bad economic news that underscored the likelihood that the country is either in a recession or will be in one — and that the downturn will be severe. Investors found little reassur-

ance in comments Thursday morning by U.S. Treasury Secretary Henry Paulson. “The frozen credit markets and the shock coming out of these stresses we’ve had in the capital markets have exacted a toll on the real economy,” Paulson said in an interview with Bloomberg Television. “We’ve seen that in some of the numbers recently. We’re going to have a number of tough months here.” Although credit markets were showing some improvement Thursday, they were still shaky. The three-month Treasury bill, which has seen its rate drop to rock bottom as investors hoarded cash, was yielding 0.39 percent, up from 0.2 percent on Wednesday. Thursday’s trading in New York was preceded by sharp declines in foreign markets. In Asian trading, Hong Kong’s Hang Seng Index lost 4.8 percent, and Japan’s Nikkei index dropped 11.41 percent. In Europe today, Britain’s FTSE 100 and Germany’s DAX index were both down almost 6 percent.

Sex on beach? Report: U.S. helped topple Shah P’92 3 months jail By Borzou Daragahi Los Angeles Times

By Jeffrey Fleishman Los Angeles Times

CAIRO, Egypt — A British couple whose drunken escapade led to sex on the beach, tabloid headlines and a clash between Western permissiveness and Islamic values was sentenced Thursday by a Dubai court to three months in prison. Vince Acors and Michelle Palmer each were sentenced to serve time, fined $272 for drinking alcohol and ordered to be deported immediately upon leaving prison. The pair was charged with having unmarried sex after a taxi picked them up from a Champagne brunch at a five-star hotel and drove them to Jumeirah beach in Dubai, the United Arab Emirates’ most culturally tolerant emirate. “This verdict does not make sense,” Hassan Mattar, the couple’s lawyer told reporters after the verdicts. “I’m going to appeal it.” Prosecutor Faisal Abdelmalek Ahil said he expected a harsher sentence. “I’m not happy,” he said outside of court. “It’s very light. It’s normal for a sentence to be six months to a year for an offense such as this.” Acors, 34, and Palmer, 36, who was fired from her job as a publishing executive following her arrest, were not in court when the verdict was handed down. Palmer had claimed that she and Acors were only kissing and hugging, and that a medical report showed they did not have sex. Mattar argued that testimony from witnesses, including a police officer who said he saw them having sex on a lounger, was false. The case, which grew out of a tryst on July 5, quickly became a morality tale set amid globalization and Dubai’s skyline of sharp-angled, glittering high-rises. The emirate is a financial hub in the Middle East, catering to tourists and multibilliondollar business deals. It is also an Islamic state straining to balance Western influence and wealth with religious traditions that forbid alcohol, unmarried sex and homosexuality.

BEIRUT, Lebanon — A new report based on previously classified documents suggests that the Nixon and Ford administrations created conditions that helped destabilize Iran in the late 1970s and contributed to the country’s Islamic revolution. A trove of transcripts, memos and other correspondence show sharp differences developing between the Republican administrations and Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi P’92 over rising oil prices in the mid-1970s, said a report to be published Friday in the fall issue of Middle East Journal, an academic journal published by the Washington-based Middle East Institute, a think tank. The report, following two years of research by scholar Andrew Scott Cooper, zeros in on the role of White House policymakers — including Donald H. Rumsfeld, then a top aide to President Ford — hoping to roll back oil prices and curb the shah’s ambitions, despite warnings by then Secretary of State Henry Kissinger that such a move might precipitate the rise of a “radical regime” in Iran. “The shah is a tough, mean guy. But he is our real friend,” Kissinger warned Ford, who was considering options to press the monarch into lowering oil prices, in an August 1974 conversation cited by the report. “We can’t tackle him without breaking him.” Analysts and historians often contend that President Carter, a Democrat, fumbled Iran, allowing the country to eventually become one of the chief U.S. opponents in the region. But the report suggests that his Republican predecessors not only contributed to the shah’s fall but were inching toward a realignment with Saudi Arabia as the key U.S. ally in the Persian Gulf. The examination of pre-revolutionary Iran has special relevance today. Cooper said Iran’s economic situation just before revolution resembled its current state, this time with big-spending President

Mahmoud Ahmadinejad banking on high oil prices to sustain his power. “Ahmadinejad’s fiscal recklessness is eerily reminiscent of the shah’s, with Iran’s inflation rate running at approximately 30 percent and Iran’s current deficit approximately $12 billion -- not to mention widespread underemployment and unemployment,” Cooper said in an e-mail. The report, based mostly on documents stored at the Gerald R. Ford Presidential Library in Ann Arbor, Mich., is a look inside an unruly period more than 30 years ago that precipitated Iran’s Islamic revolution, which established a template for religiously inspired Muslim movements throughout the Middle East. But as high oil prices in the early 1970s began strangling the U.S. economy, Washington began to sour on Iran, the documents suggest. After an oil embargo over American support of Israel ended in March 1974, U.S. officials considered the shah the principal culprit in keeping oil prices from falling and wanted him to put on the brakes. At one point, Rumsfeld warned Iran’s chief of arms procurement that Iran was losing friends in the U.S. “Don’t try to get around me,” he reportedly told Gen. Hassan Toufanian, in an encounter described by The Washington Post three decades ago and cited in the report. “Remember, Kissinger and I have to approve all (arms) exports.” Chief among those advocating pressure on Iran was William Simon, who served as treasury secretary and energy czar in the Nixon and Ford administrations. He blamed the shah for high oil prices, and wanted the U.S. to use weapons sales to Iran as leverage. Pahlavi “is the ringleader on oil prices, together with Venezuela,” Simon told Nixon in July 1974. “Is it possible to put pressure on the shah?” Over the years, Kissinger advocated a friendlier line on Iran and the shah, who had been brought back to power by a U.S.-engineered

coup in 1953. The report suggests he had special insights into the country’s instability. At the time, university campuses in Iran were in turmoil, and guerrillas were attacking U.S. facilities and assassinating key officials. Even in 1974, a CIA analysis sounded the alarm, saying the shah’s ambitious buildup of the country was causing economic polarization and cultural clashes that were roiling Iran. By late 1976 the shah was in deep financial trouble, facing a huge cash crunch. He wanted the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries oil cartel, or OPEC, to raise oil prices by 25 percent, a move the U.S. opposed. “There is unanimity among my advisers that the world economy health is not good,” Ford told Iranian Ambassador Ardeshir Zahedi in December 1976, according to the archives. “Any increase in the price of oil would have a serious impact on the world financial structure.” But U.S. officials, especially Simon, had been working with Saudi officials behind the shah’s back to seek help on oil prices in exchange for political and military support for the kingdom. The Saudis stunned OPEC members by announcing at a December summit in Doha, Qatar, that they would increase production from 8.6 million to 11.6 million barrels a day, driving down prices. “We should get credit for what happened at OPEC,” Kissinger told Ford. “I have said all along the Saudis were the key. ... Our great diplomacy is what did it.” But it would prove to be a Pyrrhic victory in terms of one American ally. Iran was cash-strapped, which spurred inflation by flooding the country with money. The shah was broke. Declining oil revenue amid continued inflation forced him to abandon ambitious plans to modernize his country. “The collapse of the Doha summit, and the Saudi decision to undercut the price of crude and boost its output to try to flood the market, rushed the Iranian economy to the precipice,” Cooper writes in his report.

agreement on Iraq forces By Karen DeYoung Washington Post

WASHINGTON — Defense Secretary Robert Gates and Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice briefed senior lawmakers Thursday on a draft agreement that covers U.S. forces in Iraq, as Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki prepared to submit the document to its first political test in Baghdad. U.S. negotiators in Iraq, along with Ambassador Ryan Crocker and Gen. Ray Odierno, the U.S. commander there, will go over the text of the proposed accord with senior Senate and House aides Friday morning in a video conference at the White House. Congressional attendance has been limited to 12 people from the leadership and the two relevant committees in the House and Senate. “This is not yet a final document,” said Pentagon spokesman Geoff Morrell. Movement on the agreement, after seven months of often-torturous negotiations, follows a tentative compromise on the thorniest outstanding issue — legal jurisdiction over U.S. military personnel accused of crimes in Iraq. According to several officials with indirect knowledge of the draft, U.S. jurisdiction will prevail except in the most serious cases involving acts committed off-duty and outside the confines of U.S. bases. One source said that in the case of an allegedly premeditated crime, Iraqi jurisdiction would be considered, although the United States would have the final decision in all circumstances. Since U.S. soldiers rarely, if ever, leave their bases except on military operations in Iraq, situations in such circumstances are seen as unlikely. U.S. officials appeared unsure whether the terms agreed upon by negotiators would gain approval from Iraqi political and religious leaders — who have insisted publicly on absolute sovereignty — before the current United Nations mandate expires on Dec. 31. Without a signed bilateral agreement, U.S. troops will lack legal authority to remain in Iraq. Officials have said they would have to cease operations and confine troops to bases unless some other arrangement, such as an extension of the U.N. mandate, could be worked out. The draft is to be presented Friday to Iraq’s political and national security council, which is made up of top government officials and the leaders of major political groups. If it survives challenges there and among other government ministers, it will move to the Council of Representatives, or parliament, where al-Maliki has pledged to put it to an up-or-down vote. Much less controversial matters have taken months to move through the Iraqi legislative process, if they moved at all. Some Iraqi political and religious leaders are already on record opposing other, previously agreed upon portions of the draft, including a 2011 withdrawal date for U.S. troops. The Bush administration has said that such dates are “aspirational,” depending on ground conditions. Al-Maliki has described them as firm, and political opponents such as Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr have demanded an immediate U.S. withdrawal.

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Friday, October 17, 2008

Friday, October 17, 2008

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Men’s soccer Tisch: Corporation boasts diversity of perspectives gears up for Crimson continued from page 1

continued from page 12 ship, the next game on the schedule is always the most important. On Saturday, that game will be Harvard. “Our mentality is very focused,” Ian Smith ’11 said. “It speaks for itself — it’s a big game. Any Ivy League game has significance, but this game has more to it because of the rivalry.” Smith is competing in the rivalry for the first time in his career. He transferred from Western Kentucky University, whose football program was cut at the beginning of February. He played in many rivalry matchups there, including big games against the University of Kentucky, but he is excited to participate in Brown’s rivalry with Harvard. The game will also feature a more personal rivalry for Smith, competing against fellow Arlington, Texas native Andre Akpan, whom he played against in high school. “I’m privileged to be a part of the rivalry,” Smith said. “The intensity I’ve had from other rivalries is already there. This is what it’s all about: You live for these kinds of games.” Harvard’s Akpan and Michael Fucito are some of the best strikers in the college game. The Missouri Athletic Club has named both Crimson attackers to the Hermann Trophy Watch as two of the best players in Division I soccer. Rhett Bernstein ’09 can also find his name on that same list. He anchors a defense that has allowed only seven goals this season. The trend for the Bears this season has been for the defense to keep the team in the game early and wait for the offense to come alive late. Brown’s offense has outscored its opponents 15-7, and 11-3 in the second half. “We’re prepared — we’ve played against them before,” Bernstein said. “We know their strengths and weaknesses. We respect their talent, but we also have one of the best defenses in the country.” Bernstein and captain Stephen Sawyer ’09 will be playing Harvard for the fourth time in their careers. They are familiar with the team and the Crimson attackers. The game will be the toughest defensive test the team has had all year, Walls said. Smith and Walls will play alongside the two veterans as they look to shut down Harvard’s offense the same way they have defended their goal the entire year. “It’s going to be a great game — it always is,” Head Coach Mike Noonan said. “Most Ivy League games so far this year have been decided by one goal — around 90 percent” of them. Harvard has plenty of motivation coming into Saturday’s contest, as it remembers a close 3-2 overtime loss to Brown last season, the Bears taking the 2007 Ivy League championship, and losing 6 of the last 9 meetings to Brown. The Bears also recently jumped back into the top 25 after being ranked for the first several weeks of the season. “All league games are battles — we thrive off the pressure,” Walls said. “We know every team is going to give us their best. We need to keep our intensity in order to get the results we want.” On Saturday, the Bears hope to get off to a quick start right when the whistle blows at 7 p.m. as they look to start their Ivy League season 3-0 and remain the only undefeated team in the league.

are accomplished professionals from a range of fields, University benefactors and parents of current or recent students. Some, including Students for a Democratic Society, a student group that is planning to demonstrate at the Corporation’s meeting tomorrow, consider the body irresponsible, unrepresentative of and unresponsive to the students its decisions affect. But its top official and others associated with the Corporation defend it as a diverse body that is well-equipped with the range of perspectives it needs to guide Brown. The Corporation consists of a 12-member Board of Fellows, led by President Ruth Simmons and a 42-member Board of Trustees led by Chancellor Thomas Tisch ’76, the Corporation’s top official. One-third of the trustees are nominated and elected by the general alumni population, but the rest of the members are selected by the Corporation itself. Of the Corporation’s 53 members, 46 are alums. Tisch said he knows many students do not consider the Corporation’s membership very representative of the Brown community. “We have often been accused of being DWMs,” he said — “dead white males.” But Tisch said he does not think this is an accurate depiction of the current membership. “We’re a ver y diverse corporation,” he said, though he added, “Some people might say that on certain standards we are not diverse enough.” Of the 53 members of the corporation, 18 are women. The youngest member is Louisiana Gov. Bobby Jindal ’91.5, who is 37. Jindal is also the most recent undergraduate alum. Trustee Ga-

len Henderson MD’93 graduated from the Medical School but did not attend Brown as an undergraduate. Tisch did not address the Corporation’s racial diversity.

A range of perspectives But diversity comes in many forms, said Russell Carey ’91 MA’06, vice president for corporation affairs and university governance. “There is a really broad range of people on the Corporation, from sort of the stereotype of investment bankers, to parents, to practicing physicians,” he said. “Throughout those nominating processes, they’re constantly looking at diversity in the broadest sense,” he added, noting the different skill sets and experiences of the members. For Tisch, a diversity of opinions is one of the most valuable aspects of the Corporation. When looking for new members to fill vacancies, he said, “We take many considerations into account. We think about how we should be sure we have sufficient voices so that we can make good decisions, so that we have varieties of perspectives, varieties of skills and capabilities that fit the needs of the University to move for ward.” One area in which Corporation members have different experiences is the New Curriculum. Of the 45 members of the board who are alums of the College, 36 graduated after the New Curriculum was instated in 1968, and a sizable minority of them were students when it was being proposed and implemented. Tisch went to Brown in the age of the New Curriculum, but his predecessor, Stephen Robert ’62 P’91, predated the student-led overhaul that eliminated many of Brown’s curricular requirements.

Robert stepped down last year after nine years as chancellor. “Basically, the biggest actual divide in the University is between pre-New Curriculum (members) and others,” Tisch said. But this split does not usually factor in Corporation decisions, he added. “I think virtually ever y member of the Corporation embraces (the New Curriculum) in both its distinctiveness and pedagogical value,” he said.

Bridging the age gap For all the different perspectives on the Corporation, Tisch said it was “absurd” that there is no member who graduated more recently than the early 1990s. The Undergraduate Council of Students has been in discussions with the Corporation to have a young alum position on the Corporation. The Task Force on Governance, which hopes to make the Corporation’s membership better represent the University, is considering that proposal. The Corporation is unlikely to reach a decision on adding a young alum this weekend, Carey said. But Tisch said he hopes that there can be a younger member soon. “Fifteen years out, people think of communicating and interacting in fundamentally different ways,” he said. “To me, it’s not right. It’s not right, and the question is, when we’re thinking about the Task Force, how we go about making ourselves more right.” Tisch said he feels the Corporation is currently accountable and open to students’ concerns and needs. Some student-led initiatives have become policy recently, he said, including divestment from Darfur and efforts to reduce the University’s carbon footprint. But Tisch is opposed to adding

a current student to the Corporation’s membership because he said he is concerned that no one student can accurately represent a diversity of perspectives. Tisch said meetings between Corporation members and various campus constituencies provide sufficient campus voice in Corporation decisions. The work of a Corporation member For many Corporation members, their involvement is concentrated in the governing body’s three annual meetings in Februar y, May and October. “There’s a lot of stuff to keep up with, and you tr y to keep up with the issues,” said Cornelia Dean ’69, a trustee who ser ves on the Corporation’s Advancement Committee. “Other than that, it’s a lot of what goes on at the meetings.” But some committees meet more often, especially when an event like the recent financial crisis demands response. Corporation Treasurer Allison Ressler ’80 said the Investment Committee has had several meetings recently to discuss events on Wall Street. Ressler is also the chair of the Advancement Committee, and she said in preparation for this weekend she has been ver y busy making an agenda and getting things together. For Ressler, a partner at the law firm Sullivan and Cromwell, her work for the Corporation is “a labor of love.” For Dean, the best part of the Corporation is dealing with issues she would not otherwise confront in her life as a science reporter for the New York Times. “It’s gratifying to be with people who are devoted to a positive outcome for an institution for which you have affection,” she said.

Dougherty ’09 aims to stay on top of Ivy League continued from page 12

and making great catches ... throwing it 60 times helps too though.

Do you have a favorite NFL team? Who and why? The Dolphins. I’m from South Florida, so it’s my home team.

Were you expecting to throw the ball as much as you did on Saturday? I knew we were going to throw it a lot because they were weak against the pass, and we had success throwing against them last year. We were also playing from behind, so we needed to get big plays and quick scores.

Did you have any football idols growing up? As a Dolphins fan, I always liked Dan Marino. What was the biggest factor in your record-setting weekend? The offensive line giving me a ton of time and receivers getting open

What does the team need to do to get back on the winning track?

We just need to cut out the mental mistakes. We’re physically talented enough to win every game, we just need to mentally be prepared to do it. How does it feel to have broken a 27-year-old Ivy record and a 6-year-old Brown record? It doesn’t really mean a whole lot if we didn’t win. We should have put up more yards and, more importantly, more points. We came away with field goals when we should have been scoring touchdowns on key drives, and we can’t have that.

How is the team preparing to take on Princeton this weekend? We’re just focusing on what we do best and getting ready for the home stretch of our Ivy League schedule and staying on top of the league. Dougherty and the rest of the football team will be traveling to Princeton, NJ this Saturday to take on Ivy League rival, the Princeton Tigers. Brown is looking for their second Ivy League win after beating Harvard three weeks ago in the opening weekend of conference play.

E ditorial & L etters Page 10

Friday, October 17, 2008


S t a ff E d i t o r i a l

Diamonds and coal Coal to the knife-wielding student who kicked in a car window — senseless destruction and violence aren’t cool. But a diamond to DPS for catching a suspect! We can only assume your spiffy new scooter helped. Speaking of which: a gently encouraging diamond to DPS for buying the tricycle equivalent of a Segway. Maybe soon you’ll move on to only two wheels with the big boys and girls. A diamond to the Corporation for whatever you end up deciding this weekend. Or is it coal? We’ll let you know in 50 years. Cubic zirconium to the Class of 2011 for your “less alcohol-consuming and more focused” nature, which contributed to a major drop last year in the number of non-academic disciplinary violations from years past. You might say you’re better-behaved than the upperclassmen, but we’ll just call you lame. Coal to Bank of America for keeping the ATM in the Brown Bookstore closed for one week longer than expected. The last thing we need right now is a liquidity crisis. Cubic zirconium to the Buddhist monk who visited Smitty-B last Friday to share nuggets of Zen wisdom, like that of the dharmakaya, which “has everything within it, but it’s not in it.” Aha. But we do owe you some credit for daring to be the bald guy studying at the Mt. Baldy Zen Center. A diamond to ex-President Barnaby Keeney, who 50 years ago compared the University to a doctor and its students to its patients. We don’t agree with you, but we love it when people get SDS to mix extended metaphors. Coal to the newly unidirectional Olive Street. You were so much more fun when you went both ways. Coal to RISD conservatives. What’s next, RISD I-bankers? A diamond to the Brown Noser for its “consolidation” with the Brown Jug. Now there’s only one other joke publication on campus: the Independentt.

T he B rown D aily H erald Editors-in-Chief Simmi Aujla Ross Frazier

Executive Editors Taylor Barnes Chris Gang

Senior Editors Irene Chen Lindsey Meyers

editorial Ben Hyman Hannah Levintova Matthew Varley Alex Roehrkasse Chaz Firestone Nandini Jayakrishna Scott Lowenstein Michael Bechek Isabel Gottlieb Franklin Kanin Michael Skocpol Ben Bernstein James Shapiro Benjy Asher Amy Ehrhart Megan McCahill Andrew Braca Han Cui Katie Wood


Arts & Culture Editor Arts & Culture Editor Higher Ed Editor Higher Ed Editor Features Editor Metro Editor Metro Editor News Editor News Editor News Editor News Editor Opinions Editor Opinions Editor Sports Editor Sports Editor Sports Editor Asst. Sports Editor Asst. Sports Editor Asst. Sports Editor

production Production & Design Editor Steve DeLucia Assoc. Design Editor Chaz Kelsh Copy Desk Chief Kathryn Delaney Copy Desk Chief Seth Motel Graphics Editor Adam Robbins

Darren Ball General Manager Mandeep Gill General Manager Shawn Reilly Office Manager Alex Hughes Sales Director Emilie Aries Communications Director Jon Spector Finance Director Claire Kiely Local & National Sales Manager Ellen DaSilva University Sales Manager Philip Maynard Local & Recruiter Sales Manager Katelyn Koh Asst. Finance Director

P ete fallon

Letters Horowitz ad was out of line To the Editor: I was shocked today at the slew of nonsense printed on the pages of The Herald. I’m of course referencing the recent ad posted by David Horowitz’s conservative trash truck of a “student organization,’” the Students for Academic Freedom. The dishonesty of this maniacal front is apparent to any sensible reader with a shred of integrity. I find it fascinating that David Horowitz’s “Freedom Center” espouses a belief in “individual freedom” and “limited government” when its core goal conflates politics and religion while requesting the abolishment of selective student organizations. Is it meaningful to compare, as it does on its Web site, the Muslim Students Association and the College Republicans? I would think not. For one, the MSA is a

religious group, not a political faction explicitly pushing a political agenda. But therein lies one indication of the SAF’s incompetence. In specific response to the ad, the assertions are bigoted and unfounded. Citing selective remarks by Muslim students at other schools, misconstruing those opinions as jihad and then branding the Brown MSA as an assembly of Islamic extremists is slanderous and dishonest. It is unabashed propaganda. I demand The Herald repudiate said advertisement. I hope my remarks are not misinterpreted as an attack on freedom of speech. Any level-headed reader understands the difference between promoting freedom of speech and prioritizing financial interest. Anthony Badami ‘11 Oct. 16

photo Meara Sharma Min Wu

Photo Editor Photo Editor

post- magazine Matt Hill Rajiv Jayadevan Arthur Matuszewski Colleen Brogan Kelly McKowen Patrick Martin-Tuite Bob Short Monica Huang Kristen Olds

Managing Editor Managing Editor Features Editor Features Editor From the Hill Editor Film Editor Music Editor Layout Editor Layout Editor

Chaz Kelsh, Steve DeLucia, Designers Kathryn Delaney, Seth Motel, Geoffrey Kyi, Anna Jouravleva, Luis Solis, Copy Editors Joanna Wohlmuth, George Miller, Ben Hyman, Nandini Jayakrishna, Michael Skocpol, Night Editors Senior Staff Writers Mitra Anoushiravani, Colin Chazen, Chaz Kelsh, Emmy Liss, Brian Mastroianni, George Miller, Melissa Shube, Anne Simons, Sara Sunshine, Gaurie Tilak, Caroline Sedano, Jenna Stark, Joanna Wohlmuth, Simon van Zuylen-Wood Staff Writers Zunaira Choudhary, Leslie Primack, Connie Zheng, Christian Martell, Alexandra Ulmer, Lauren Pischel, Samuel Byker, Anne Deggelman, Nicole Dungca, Olivia Hoffman, Cameron Lee, Debbie Lehmann, Sophia Li, Seth Motel, Marielle Segarra, Kyla Wilkes, Juliana Friend Sports Staff Writers Peter Cipparone, Nicole Stock Business Staff Maximilian Barrows, Thanases Plestis, Agathe Roncey, Allen McGonagill, Ben Xiong, Bonnie Kim, Cathy Li, Christiana Stephenson, Corey Schwartz, Evan Sumortin, Galen Cho, Han Lee, Haydar Taygun, Jackie Goldman, Jilyn Chao, Kathy Bui, Kelly Wess, Kenneth So, Lee Chau, Lyndse Yess, Margaret Watson, Matthew Burrows, Maura Lynch, Misha Desai, Stassia Chyzhykova, Webber Xu, William Schweitzer Design Staff Jessica Calihan, Amy Kendall, Joanna Lee, Rachel Isaacs, Angela Santin Ceballos, Marlee Bruning, Rachel Wexler, Maxwell Rosero, Katie Silverstein, Shara Azad, Jessica Kirschner, Jee Hyun Choi, Heeyoung Min, Andrea McWilliams, Anna Samel Photo Staff Alex DePaoli, Eunice Hong, Kim Perley, Quinn Savit, Justin Coleman Copy Editors Rafael Chaiken, Ellen Cushing, Younhun Kim, Frederic Lu, Lauren Fedor, Madeleine Rosenberg, Kelly Mallahan, Jennifer Kim, Tarah Knaresboro, Jordan Mainzer, Janine Lopez, Luis Solis, Ayelet Brinn, Rachel Starr, Riva Shah, Jason Yum, Simon Leibling, Rachel Isaacs

C O R R E C T I O N S P olicy The Brown Daily Herald is committed to providing the Brown University community with the most accurate information possible. Corrections may be submitted up to seven calendar days after publication. C ommentary P O L I C Y The staff editorial is the majority opinion of the editorial board of The Brown Daily Herald. The editorial viewpoint does not necessarily reflect the views of The Brown Daily Herald, Inc. Columns, letters and comics reflect the opinions of their authors only. L etters to the E ditor P olicy Send letters to Include a telephone number with all letters. The Herald reserves the right to edit all letters for length and cannot assure the publication of any letter. Please limit letters to 250 words. Under special circumstances writers may request anonymity, but no letter will be printed if the author’s identity is unknown to the editors. Announcements of events will not be printed. advertising P olicy The Brown Daily Herald, Inc. reserves the right to accept or decline any advertisement at its discretion.

O pinions Friday, October 17, 2008

Page 11


Why conservatives should love community organizing MATTHEW CORRITORE | Guest Columnist In her fiery Republican convention speech this summer, Gov. Sarah Palin attacked Sen. Barack Obama by belittling his experience as a community organizer. She compared working as a small-town mayor to working as a community organizer, before cleverly adding that mayors have “actual responsibilities,” drawing a chorus of yips and hollers in approval. So why do conservatives laud small-town mayors while dismissing community organizers? Well, small-town mayors do stuff that people understand. As Obama said in a Fox News interview, “…(the mayors) actually have to fill potholes and trim trees and make sure the garbage is taken away.” Community organizers, in contrast, umm…build relationships…and…bring neighbors together…and…ah yes, empower people. But what do these things mean? To many conservatives this job description seems like touchy-feely liberal jargon that sounds great on paper but produces few results in the real world. Another reason conservatives praise small-town mayors and put down organizers is that the mayor’s role, that of chief executive, gels better with a more conservative world-view. Executives keep law and order and the trains running on time. A mayor’s job revolves around stability; it’s about putting a responsible, grounded face on a town and faithfully reinforcing its values. Community organizing, in contrast, is considered the opposite of stability because the job is often inaccurately associated with activist movements of the 1960s. Conservatives then tend to see organizing as nothing more than what happens when a rabble-rousing mob of disgruntled people demand resource redistribution. Through this lens, organizing seems unsafe to those who value order, disrespectful to authority, and often ineffectual in how extreme it is. But in reality community organizing, especially its modern iterations, is clearly more sophisticated than rabble-rousing activism. Rather than existing in a zero-sum vacuum where gains for the poor mean losses for the wealthy, organizing initiatives create social capital within communities in need of resident leadership. Obama, for example, trained neighbors to become the leaders of their community organization during campaigns to address water contamination and asbestos-laden housing projects. Because community organizing is centrally about building internal leadership capacity in this way within underserved communities, the job bears little relation to activists’ arguably ineffective efforts to build awareness, whether through

peaceful demonstration or Machiavellian intimidation and violence. And upon deeper examination, community organizing actually taps into some of the more touchy-feely tenets of conservatism, including emphasis on the positive role religion can play in public life, the need for individual responsibility and general optimism for the future. First, conservatives should love community organizing because organizers recognize that religion serves a powerful force that provides an impetus for people to better their communities actively. The brand of organizing Obama practiced, for instance, is built almost entirely around mobilizing communities of faith and recognizes the inherent advantages of working with people who are members of tight-knit church communities and similar institutions. One could say organizing is the epitome of the faith-based initiative. Conservatives should also love community organizing because the field acknowledges the essential role of personal responsibility and individual empowerment in the pursuit of community reform. Instead of waiting for government handouts, organizers encourage residents to take action and responsibility for their communities. And because organizing increases communities’ internal leadership capacities, the results of such efforts are neighborhoods inhabited by dutiful citizens who proactively tackle problems and learn to pull themselves up by their bootstraps, while at the same time working to ensure their communities receive equitable treatment from the government and private sector. Lastly, conservatives should love community organizing because it approaches community revitalization with an optimism that channels the sense that, in America, anything is possible with a little elbow grease. During her convention speech, Michelle Obama reminisced about her husband telling residents about the “world as it is” and the “world as it should be,” and that organizing is about merging those two worlds. Organizing is rooted in this kind of optimism which is congruent with the oft-conservative sentiment that America is an exceptional country filled with innovative, can-do people. So conservatives, don’t write off community organizing just yet. You might find that organizers are working to mold communities with many of the same virtues as small-town America — healthy neighborhoods that are self-sufficient, bound together by religion, and that have a folksy, Main Street sense of community.

When people hear the word “environment,” they immediately think about global warming. So does the University. That’s why Brown is actively pursuing paths to offset and, hopefully, neutralize its carbon emissions. I commend those efforts and support anyone committed to preventing global climate change, the single greatest threat facing the nation and planet. But global warming is where our discussion of the environment should begin, not end. In just the first few weeks of an environmental studies class that I am taking, ENVS0110, my eyes have been opened to the issues we face today as a result of population growth, the loss of global biodiversity and food scarcity, among other issues. What struck me most, however, was how unequally environmental harms are distributed across the globe, the United States and even Rhode Island. While Brown students like to think of themselves as environmentally conscious, one rarely reads about new undergraduate initiatives that aim to bring about environmental equality. Those initiatives are sorely needed. Our efforts to go green only reach the tip of the (melting) iceberg. What I am proposing is not radical; after all, Brown’s student body and faculty tend to be strongly pro-civil rights and pro-environment. It seems natural to combine these views by supporting the ideals of environmental justice. For decades, the environmental community tended to be predominantly white and affluent, until a group of activists gathered in Washington, D.C. in 1991 to introduce the concept of environmental justice. No longer would environmentalists sit by and watch minority and low-income populations bear the greatest burden from energy use and waste. Robert Bullard, a leader in the environmental justice community, tells the story of Sumter County, in Alabama. The county was 71.8 percent black, and was home to the nation’s largest hazardous waste landfill. The landfill itself was located in the town of Emelle, which was over 90 percent black. If only the story of Emelle were an isolated incident. Unfortunately, Bullard’s book, Dumping in Dixie, is laden with similar

BY WILLIAM MARTIN Opinions Columnist

examples. Although these stories may not demonstrate overt racism, they do show that minorities’ lack of political power has direct environmental and health-related consequences. Environmental justice may seem like an issue that only pertains to distant countries or states, especially those we still think of as racist. The truth hits closer to home. Lead poisoning is the single most common childhood disease for children in Rhode Island. To make matters worse, lead poisoning is entirely preventable. And preventing lead poisoning is an absolute priority. High levels of lead exposure may lead to seizures and mental retardation. Where does environmental justice come in? Black and Hispanic children are affected by lead poisoning at double the rate of their white peers. Thankfully, groups like the Childhood Lead Action Project (CLAP) exist to educate Rhode Island property owners, community leaders and construction specialists about the harmful effects of lead poisoning and how they can be prevented. The group’s crowning achievement was the passage of the Lead Hazard Mitigation Act of 2002, the first state policy to attempt to prevent cases of lead poisoning, rather than just respond to them. Yet groups like CLAP need help; their efforts did not end with the passage of one bill. Much of their work involves educating affected local residents, many of whom only speak Spanish, about their rights to a safe living environment. College volunteers, especially those with experience speaking Spanish, are in high demand. Lead is just one example. Minority groups may suffer from greater exposure to air pollution or from inadequate nutrition. Yet discussions about the environment ignore these pervasive inequalities. The Brown community must focus more on the environmental burden borne by our neighbors in poor areas. Two of our strongest ideals, that of equality and that of a greener future, are intertwined in this field of environmental justice, a field we have pushed aside for too long.

While we’re studying for midterms, Zimbabweans are starving and bleeding. The anti-colonialist turned dictator Robert Mugabe has ruled their country for decades, and the first serious chance for a transfer of power since his takeover has coincided with the worst humanitarian crisis in the country’s recent history. Zimbabwe, once one of Africa’s foremost food exporters, has been economically desolate since Mugabe expropriated the land holdings of white farmers, beginning in 2000. Output has plummeted under erratic management by members of the ruling Zimbabwean African National Union-Patriotic Front party. To make matters worse, the government has been wildly over-printing new Zimbabwean dollars and exchanging them by the crate for more stable foreign currencies. The result has been a cruel paradox: mind-boggling hyperinflation (the government’s estimate for the past year alone is 231 million percent, and the real figure is probably much higher) along with a shortage of hard currency. Banks have imposed strict limits on daily withdrawals, and many Zimbabweans have to wait in line for hours just to get out enough cash for daily bus fare. A humanitarian catastrophe is looming. Half the country’s population is near starvation, and the aid agency principally responsible for Zimbabwe is facing a $140 million shortfall for next year. This may not sound like much to the citizens of a country that just committed to buying up $350 billion in bad stocks and loans, but compared with Zimbabwe’s surfeit just a few years ago it adds up to a staggering tragedy. This spring, there was a brief glimmer of hope for responsible governance in Zimbabwe from the presidential campaign of opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai. Though handicapped by a widespread ZANU-PF fraud operation, he won a clear plurality over Mugabe in presidential elections last March. But Tsvangirai pulled out of the runoff after dozens of his supporters were killed in clashes with Mugabe’s partisans. Thabo Mbeki, then president of South Africa, intervened to secure a power-sharing arrangement, but this past weekend Mugabe put it in jeopardy by handing the three most crucial ministries — defense, finance and home affairs (which includes the police) — to his own loyalists. Mbeki has headed back to Zimbabwe to try to salvage the deal. But without an official government post, he can bring little pressure to bear on Mugabe — certainly not enough to satisfy Tsvangirai, who wants to put his own allies in charge of both the finance and home affairs ministries. As with Mugabe’s past misdeeds, the West’s reaction to the latest setback has been principally punitive. But there isn’t much left to threaten with. The European Union has vowed to apply fresh sanctions if Mugabe doesn’t allow the opposition a significant role in the government, but the foreign-held assets of the regime’s key players have already been frozen, and further sanctions are likely to be felt most acutely by common Zimbabweans, not their rulers. The regime cannot be delegitimized to death. On the bright side, Mugabe and his cronies are unabashedly venal, and they haven’t been coy about holding Zimbabwe for ransom. Lift previously imposed financial penalties, the government has said, and it may listen to reason. This highlights an attractive alternative to ramping up sanctions: Bribe the jerks with their own money. The U.S. and the EU can agree to release assets stashed within their jurisdictions once the regime and the opposition hammer out a mutually acceptable deal. (Promises to lift economic sanctions and resume aid are already on the table.) Direct material incentives, and the chance for a symbolic triumph over the West, may help to convince Mugabe and his fellow anti-colonial veterans to loosen their hold. Even with their palms greased, they will be reluctant, and Tsvangirai may have to accept heavy compromises—legal immunity for high-ranking thugs and kleptocrats if he gets the home affairs ministry, or a massive slowdown of dollar production instead of control of the finance ministry. But even these modest gains may be out of reach without an added bonus for Mugabe and his closest minions. Ideally, it won’t be necessary. Perhaps Mbeki’s latest expedition will be miraculously successful, or the new round of sanctions will unexpectedly break the regime’s resolve; perhaps the better angels of Mugabe’s nature will be roused as the people he once claimed to fight for slide deeper and deeper into poverty and misery. Regardless, the West should be considering its options carefully. Paying off Mugabe and approving a deal that might shield thieves and murderers from prosecution could leave a bad taste in our mouths. But moral punctiliousness and thirst for vicarious revenge are no excuse for allowing continued suffering.

Jeremy Feigenbaum ’11 just wants to get an A in ENVS 0110.

William Martin ’10 is why we win.

Matthew Corritore ‘09 is actually responsible for writing this column.

Not another green column JEREMY FEIGENBAUM | Opinions Columnist

Bribe the devil

S ports W eekend Page 12

Friday, October 17, 2008


S po r

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i n


Tampa Bay Rays of Hope

r i e f

W. soccer breaks Sacred Heart, 5-0 The women’s soccer team (5-4-4) dominated its last nonleague opponent of the year, Sacred Heart (1-11-3), crushing them 5-0 at Stevenson Field on Wednesday. Lindsay Cunningham ’09 led the way for the Bears, scoring two goals and totaling four points in the game. Cunningham’s big game moved her into 12th place all time both in Brown career points (50) and goals (18). The Bears were in total control of the game from start to finish, finishing with a 26-0 shot advantage. Cunningham tallied the first goal of the game off of an assist from Marybeth Lesbirel ’12 and Melissa Kim ’10. Gloria Chun ’12 scored her first career goal to make the score 2-0 going into halftime. In the second half, another goal by Cunningham, followed by one score each from Bridget Ballard ’10 and Kim, made the score 5-0. Goalkeepers Brenna Hogue ’10 and Steffi Yellin ’10 kept the Pioneers off the scoreboard to preserve the Bears’ fifth shutout of the season.

M. crew dominates over weekend The Brown men’s crew team had a terrific weekend of racing over the weekend, taking first and second place at the Head of the Genesee in the varsity 8 on Sunday. The victory was made even more impressive by the fact that both the first and second boats beat rival Yale’s A crew. The Bears also claimed first in the varsity four, and Bruno’s freshmen took first and fourth, respectively, in their event at the Head of the Housatonic on Saturday. The Bears will return to the water again this weekend, when they head to Boston to compete in the prestigious Head of the Charles Regatta on Saturday and Sunday.

Equestrian hangs on at Trinity The equestrian team pulled out a narrow victory at Trinity College last Saturday, defeating four other teams by just one point. Brown totaled 33 points, just barely edging out Johnson & Wales, Post University, URI and Wesleyan, which each scored 32. Perhaps even more importantly, Brown finished well ahead of rival UConn, making it the second straight week the Bears have finished ahead of the Huskies. Emily Bourdeau ’10 led the Bears, grabbing a win in the novice fences and taking third in the open flat division. Katie Eng ’11 and Kona Shen ’10 placed second and third, in the walk trot canter divisions, while Cate Berger ’11 sealed the win for Bruno with a third-place finish. The Bears will be back in the saddle on Sunday, co-hosting a show with Roger Williams at Windswept Farms in Warren at 9 a.m.

Justin Coleman / Herald

Lindsay Cunningham ’09 scored two goals to lead the women’s soccer team to a crushing 5-0 victory over Sacred Heart.

M. soccer ready for rivalry game against Harvard Saturday By Katie Wood Assistant Sports Editor

The men’s soccer team will host a tough Harvard squad on Saturday night at 7 p.m. The match will be significant not only because of the rivalry, but because the game could determine who wins the Ivy League title. Both teams enter the contest

tied for first place, the only undefeated teams left in the conference, each with 2-0 league records. The stage is set for a rematch of what happened last season, when Brown, then ranked No. 14 in the nation, traveled to play No. 7 Harvard. The Bears struck early with a Dylan Sheehan ’09 goal and led the majority of the way, but the Crimson tied the

score in the 82nd minute, sending the game into overtime. Nick ElenzMartin ’10 scored the game-winning goal in the 95th minute to lead the Bears past their second straight top10 opponent, the first being No. 5 Boston College. “Harvard will come in very confident,” David Walls ’11 said. “I’m sure they’re bitter about the close

loss last year. The stakes were very high. We spoiled their season and we’re expecting for them to try to do the same to us this year.” The team is looking at this game as a huge step toward the Ivy League title. Since any Ivy League loss can cost a team its shot at the championcontinued on page 9

Dougherty’s ’09 killer stats make for challenging QB By Nicole Stock Sports Staff Writer

Michael Dougherty ’09 was named the Ivy League Offensive Player of the Week after breaking Ivy League records for total passing yards and total offense in a game. Dougherty


Justin Coleman / Herald

Quarterback Michael Dougherty ‘09 broke two Ivy League records.

threw 60 times completing 41 of those passes, and ended the day with 526 passing yards. The previous Ivy League record, set in 1981, was 501 passing yards. His 41 completions also rank fourth all-time at Brown. With an additional 12 rushing yards, Dougherty’s 538 yards of total offense also eclipsed the Ivy League record for total offensive yards in a game, breaking the previous mark of 504 yards set in 1982. No Brown player had ever eclipsed 500 total yards of offense before Dougherty’s feat last weekend. Dougherty now

ranks fifth in the nation in completions, while claiming the ninth spot nationally for passing yards and total offense. For Dougherty’s record-breaking performance, the Herald has named him our Athlete of the Week. Herald: How long have you been playing football, and what made you start playing? Dougherty: I started playing tackle football in 5th grade, and just thought it would be fun to get out there and hit people. Why did you become a quarterback? I actually started out as an offensive and defensive lineman for two years because there was a weight limit. I was one of the biggest guys, but then my coach found out I could throw and gave me a shot at QB. continued on page 9

This is no ordinary time. This is no ordinary contest. They said we could never do it. They said Tampa Bay is too young, too inexperienced. And of course, the name of the game is money. With a payroll of only $43 million — the lowest in the league Ellis Rochelson MLB At Bat — they said we couldn’t keep up with the star power from New York. You have proved them wrong with your faith in this movement. We have come so far, and we are so close to finally proving that ordinary people can do extraordinary things. Dioner “Six-Pack” Navarro hit .400 in the Division Series, and Evan “The Plumber” Longoria has set a record for postseason home runs by a rookie. These everyday heroes, combined, make less than $1 million — finally, their voices are being heard. In fact, our entire team makes less money than the left side of the Yankees’ infield — look who’s still playing baseball. Now let’s talk about experience. I challenge you to look Carl Crawford in the eyes and tell him he should wait his turn, that he doesn’t have the resume to handle the big stage. Crawford, playing October baseball for the first time in his career, knocked five hits in five at-bats on Tuesday. Opposing Boston starter Tim Wakefield, who allowed five runs and was pulled in the third inning, has 72 innings of postseason experience. We’ve come so far in part because we were never afraid to sit down and talk with those who would do us harm. No preconditions, no threats; just a couple of General Managers sitting at a table and finding common ground. It was this diplomatic spirit that allowed us to sit down with Mets GM Jim Duquette in 2004 and somehow trade Victor Zambrano for our beloved ace, Scott Kazmir. Kazmir is the fruit that diplomacy bears. Our opponents often scramble for short-term, Band-aid solutions, chanting “Buy here! Buy now!” GMs hand out multi-year deals to overrated veterans, fueling the team with aging sources of talent and ego. Folks, this is not a winning strategy for the 21st-century. We’ve invested for years in alternative, long term sources of energy. It took patience and understanding to stick with Carlos Pena as he worked out his struggles in spring 2007 — he has since blossomed into one of the most feared power hitters in baseball. For years teams have begged us to trade 23-year-old B.J. Upton (.383 OBP, 44 SB in the regular season). We sure could’ve used the proven talent at the time, but we trusted in the ingenuity and persistence of our own people. In 1961, JFK announced to the nation that we would land on the moon in 10 years. People laughed. Heck, people even guffawed. And in 1998 the Rays seemed like just another hopeless new expansion team. Well, 10 years later, that impossible dream is almost a reality. We have still have work to do. Our journey is not yet complete. But with your help, together we will write the next great chapter in our pastime’s story. Go Rays.

Ellis Rochelson ’09 is a Yankees fan, but c’mon, the Rays are awesome.

Friday, October 17, 2008  

The October 17, 2008 issue of the Brown Daily Herald

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