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The Brown Daily Herald Wednesday, A pril 23, 2008

Volume CXLIII, No. 57

Since 1866, Daily Since 1891

Despite protest, Friedman delivers green message Morales tells of Bolivian boyhood

By Chaz Firestone Features Editor

The green revolution sweeping across the globe seems more like a “green party” to columnist, author and Pulitzer Prize winner Thomas Friedman, who spoke to a captivated Salomon 101 audience Tuesday night about the causes of and solutions to global climate change. “Have you ever been to a revolution where no one got hurt?” But the revolution may be coming faster than Friedman thinks. In addition to the 600 audience members and two standing ovations that greeted him last night, a female student sitting in the front row jumped on stage and hurled a bright green pie at Friedman’s face as he began his speech, covering him in a sweet paste before she dashed out of the auditorium with a male accomplice in tow and a police officer close behind. Though initially startled, Friedman took the attack in stride, tasting the pie and leaving the room to wash up before quickly returning to deliver his lecture, titled “Hot, Flat and Crowded” after his upcoming book. He divided the lecture into sections that mirrored the book’s chapters. In chapters one and two, the New York Times columnist declared this past year the beginning of a new era, marked by a convergence of “individual flames that have come together into a fire.” “It’s a perfect storm between global warming, what I call ‘global flattening’ ... and global population growth,” said Friedman, whose book “The World is Flat” is an analysis of globalization. “We’ve gone from B.C.E. to C.E. to E.C.E. — the energy-climate era.”

By Juliana Friend Contributing Writer

Min Wu / Herald

The student who threw a pie at New York Times columnist Thomas Friedman was held in the Salomon Center lobby for a short while, flanked by police, media relations officials and Assistant to the President Marisa Quinn.

Times columnist pied in face by activist Male accomplice threw political pamphlets By Chaz Firestone Features Editor

A female audience member ran on stage last night and threw a green pie at New York Times columnist Thomas Friedman, who had just begun a lecture on environmentalism in Salomon 101. The woman had been sitting in the south side of the auditorium’s front row when she pulled the pie out of a Brown Bookstore plastic bag that had been tucked in a red backpack and leapt out of her seat. At the same time the woman

continued on page 6

threw the pie, a male accomplice seated a few rows back ran down the aisle and onto the stage, throwing small pamphlets explaining the actions into the crowd. After the pie hit Friedman and splattered on his face and torso, the two jumped offstage and ran out of the southeast exit of the building, followed closely by a man trying to catch them. A police officer also ran toward the exit but stayed inside. The thrower was eventually caught by police, who detained her in Salomon’s lobby before moving her elsewhere. “One of the offenders was apprehended, placed in the custody of the Brown Department of Public Safety and identified as a Brown student,” University spokesman Michael Chapman said in a state-

ment released Tuesday night. “The University will review this incident through its non-academic disciplinary system to determine the appropriate response.” DPS Lt. Rick Lombardi told The Herald that no party wishes to press charges. Lombardi would not confirm the student’s identity. Friedman appeared uninjured and ready to continue his lecture, titled “Hot, Flat and Crowded,” but audience members encouraged him to clean himself off. He left the auditorium and returned five to ten minutes later to deliver the lecture. The pamphlets thrown by the male accomplice identified the pair as the “Greenwash Guerillas,” who continued on page 6

continued on page 4

Profs. looking for a voice on the big picture By Jenna Stark Senior Staff Writer

In response to professors’ concerns, expressed at a faculty forum in February, that recent University decision-making has followed too corporate a model, the Faculty Executive Committee has proposed a University College Advisory Committee to increase professors’ influence in broad academic policy changes. Among specific administrative decisions professors point to as having been made without sufficient faculty input are aspects of the implementation of Banner and structural changes in the Writing Fellows program. Concerned by what some professors see as the underlying trend of the changes, the Faculty Executive Committee, a governance body of 10 professors, has proposed the UCAC, which a draft charge suggests would advise the deans of the College and Graduate School on curricular and degree

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programs and weigh in on “the balance between the undergraduate and graduate programs.” The proposal for that committee has met resistance from deans who say its mandate would overlap with the various faculty governance committees that already exist, such as the College Curriculum Council. But while the CCC addresses many detailed curricular issues, the proposed committee would take a broader look at large policy changes in the undergraduate College and the Graduate School, said FEC Chair Ruth Colwill, associate professor of psychology. A top-down approach? According to some professors, the proposed committee reflects a growing discontent, as expressed in February’s faculty forum, that the University is running under a “business model,” meaning that decisions are made only at the administrative level without consulting the faculty.

PACKING ... NOTHING? Students are holding an “empty holster protest” for the right to carry concealed weapons on campus

www.browndailyherald.com

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CAMPUS NEWS

Colwill said professors are generally “very happy” with changes occurring at the University, but she confirmed that there is concern that administrators are following a corporate model in making decisions. “The issue that has come up is the sense that we are following too much of a business model, and we see this in the way decisions come down to faculty,” Colwill said. “Examples of this would include the changes that were made to graduate student admissions a year or so ago, (or) the sense that the administration is raising standards for tenure without consulting the faculty,” she said. Other professors said they were satisfied with the University’s decision-making process. “I’ve certainly seen lots of changes with new chairs, new provosts, new deans, new presidents,” said Professor of Mathematics Thomas Banchoff, continued on page 4

PROFS PAST PRIME Brown’s faculty is old and getting older. Retirements harm programs, but staying has its own problems

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Framed by the United States flag on his right, and the Bolivian and University flags on his left, Evo Morales raised his palm to a packed Sayles Hall and quieted the roars of the standing ovation that greeted him. In lilting Spanish, the President of Bolivia did not begin his address with a crowd-pleasing joke or a political cry. Instead, after apologizing for having to cancel his first scheduled visit to Brown in Februar y, Morales began by describing the highland town of Orinoca, Bolivia, where he grew up with his illiterate mother and semi-illiterate father. The president told the audience in his intimate yet subdued tone that he himself had dropped out of school in sixth grade after his father declared, “That boy of mine is no good at studying, so now go to work.” He has been working since, but politics was not his initial occupation. “Never in my life did I think of being a leader, much less a president,” Morales said of his early years. However, in his speech that intertwined his past with his country’s future, Morales said with evident pride that after his inauguration as president in 2005, Bolivia has seen increasing economic prosperity and political equality. While it is impossible to make reparations for 500 years of oppression, “for the first time the government is reaching places it’s never reached before,” he said. Morales’ tone intensified as he

Min Wu / Herald

Bolivian President Evo Morales, in his trademark casual dress, spoke to a full Sayles Hall in Spanish last night.

ROLLIN’ UPHILL Matt Prewitt ‘08 has had enough of this country’s nostalgia for its past and contempt for its present

195 Angell Street, Providence, Rhode Island

tomorrow’s weather Significantly sunnier than a cream-covered Thomas Friedman in Salomon 101

sunny, 76 / 44 News tips: herald@browndailyherald.com


T oday Page 2

Wednesday, April 23, 2008

THE BROWN DAILY HERALD

Menu

But Seriously | Charlie Custer and Stephen Barlow

Sharpe Refectory

Verney-Woolley Dining Hall

Lunch — Polynesian Chicken Wings, Stir Fried Rice, Green Peas, Meatball Grinder, Sweet and Sour Tofu, Chocolate Frosted Eclairs

Lunch — Italian Sausage and Peppers Sandwich, Vegetable Strudel, Green Peas Francaise, Chocolate Frosted Eclairs, Caesar Salad Pizza

Dinner — Salmon Provensal, Mushroom Risotto, Greek Style Asparagus, Meatball Grinder, Cheese Quesadillas, Whipped Cream Peach Cake

Dinner — Thai Basil Pork Stir Fry, Macaroni Salad, Corn on the Cob, Brussels Sprout Casserole, Oatmeal Bread, Whipped Cream Peach Cake

Sudoku

Aibohphobia | Roxanne Palmer

Fill in the grid so that every row, every column and every 3x3 box contains the digits 1 through 9.

Enigma Twist | Dustin Foley

© Puzzles by Pappocom

RELEASE DATE– Wednesday, April 23, 2008

Los Angeles Times Puzzle C r o sDaily s w oCrossword rd

Gus vs. Them | Zachary McCune and Evan Penn

Edited by Rich Norris and Joyce Nichols Lewis

ACROSS 1 Not that 5 Bob and Carol and Ted and Alice 9 It’s usually not a hit 14 Longings 15 Automaker Ferrari 16 __ salts 17 Suppliers of tabloid photos 19 Goons 20 “__ Got a Secret” 21 XIX x VIII 22 “__ Walks in Beauty”: Byron poem 23 California mission founder Junípero 25 Pizza topping 30 One in need of a fence, perhaps 31 Pesticide ingredient 32 Scale pair 33 Drained 36 Moronic intro? 37 Squirt 40 Dept. in charge of rural development 43 Colorful fish 44 Danish shoe brand 48 “Heart and Soul” lyricist 50 Showed over 51 Balderdash 54 Eyeball-bending pictures 55 Amazed sound 56 Vietnam neighbor 58 Derisive shout 59 Narrowly defined poem 62 Teen crush 64 Persian Gulf sight 65 Odoriferous Le Pew 66 Universal donor’s type, briefly 67 Lock 68 Hand-held hitech gadgets 69 King Harald’s capital

DOWN 1 Keyboard pros 2 Hasty dismissal 3 Being threatened 4 Fed. retirement org. 5 Give cards to everyone 6 Open, as a jacket 7 Hall of Fame shortstop Smith 8 “__ lied” 9 Naval hospital city 10 Orb 11 Ames sch. 12 Follow persistently 13 Mammoth trio? 18 North Amer. WWII fliers 22 Binges 24 Bring in 26 __ New Guinea 27 Lennon collaborator 28 Put the kibosh on 29 Hardly welcoming 33 Orator’s output 34 Craig Biggio, notably 35 O followers

38 “Please accept this as my gift” 39 Hold on to 40 Matterhorn, e.g. 41 Sticky stuff 42 GOP member 45 Binney & Smith products 46 The Nina or Pinta, but not the Santa María 47 Active

49 Bike wheel parts 50 Optimistic 52 Informed, with “in” 53 Beta follower? 57 Unlocks, in poetry 59 Stolen 60 Give vent to 61 Spot in la mer 62 Quietly to the max, in music 63 Place to go in Rugby?

ANSWER TO PREVIOUS PUZZLE:

Vagina Dentata | Soojean Kim

xwordeditor@aol.com

04/23/08

Free Variation | Jeremy Kuhn

T he B rown D aily H erald By Billie Truitt (c)2008 Tribune Media Services, Inc.

04/23/08

If you do one thing on College Hill today... See Gunther and the Sunshine Girls Alumnae Hall at 8 p.m.

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h igher e d Wednesday, April 23, 2008

Legal changes opening up more campus police records By Alessandra Suuberg Contributing Writer

Universities are required by law to disclose a limited amount of information regarding campus crime, but public access to campus crime records could soon be expanded if students at a number of East Coast schools have their way. Recent changes at Yale could lay the foundation for further developments. In February, Connecticut’s Freedom of Information Commission ruled that Yale must provide access to campus police records in compliance with the same laws that apply to public police departments under the Freedom of Information Act. After initially insisting the Yale Police Department was not “functionally equivalent” to a public police department, the university accepted the decision on April 11, citing the involvement of its police in surrounding city neighborhoods, according to an April 14 article in the Yale Daily News. Yale’s decision to expand access to campus police records comes on the heels of an incident involving two officers from the Yale Police Department. In that incident, the officers arrested a black teenager blocks from campus and gave an account of the event that contradicted the account given by the suspect. According to The Hartford Courant, public defender Janet Perrotti took on the teenager’s case, making an open-records request in the process. When Yale denied her request on the grounds that its police department is part of a private institution, Perrotti appealed to the Freedom of Information Commission, which ultimately ruled in her favor. In a statement issued April 11, Yale stated it would “abide by the FOI Commission’s decision requiring disclosure of certain documents related to Yale Police Department officers,” recognizing “the unique and public law enforcement role that its officers play in the City of New Haven.” The university added in the same statement that “records relating to the police function of the department — specifically including police reports and arrest records — have always been available to the public through the New Haven Police Department.” Even before the decision to open campus police records at Yale, the 1991 Clery Act has required that universities submit annual reports on crime statistics and give warnings regarding threats to students. But the FOI commission’s ruling will take these requirements a step further, requiring the YPD to comply with the Freedom of Information Act, despite being a private institution. The FOIA calls for federal agencies to provide access to any records requested in writing by any person, with nine specific exceptions explained in the statute. Yale is not the first private university to adopt an open-records policy. In Georgia, the public gained access to private universities’ campus police records through the Campus Policemen Act in 2006. In Massachusetts, similar legislation is under consideration. The Massachusetts Campus Crime Information Bill was brought before the Massachusetts legislature

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Joint Committee on State Administration and Regulatory Oversight last June. So far, the bill has not been passed. James Herms, a member of the Safe Campus Initiative and a Massachusetts Institute of Technology alum, is working to get the Campus Crime Information Bill passed in the Massachusetts legislature. The MIT Crime Club is currently at the head of Safe Campus Initiative, a campus safety advocacy group consisting of students from a number of private institutions in Boston, including Harvard. Herms said the legislation is in line with the FOI’s decision at Yale. He added that the FOI’s ruling will “definitely” add momentum to the bill. Herms also said the MIT Crime Club believes the legislation “will bring private universities up to level of state schools, in terms of professionalism.” He added that there’s a significant divergence in crime rates between public and private universities. “Perpetrators feel safer on private campuses,” Herms said, adding that if campus police departments at private universities begin to release detailed information on crimes, such as sketches of suspects, community members will be safer. Students at other schools have advocated in the past for expanded access to campus police records. In 2003, the Harvard Crimson sued the university’s police department, which had argued that because campus police departments are “subsidiaries of private entities,” they are not bound to the same laws that apply to “public” police departments, according to a Jan. 11 editorial in the newspaper. The Crimson ultimately lost the suit. As the FOI Commission reviewed the Yale case, the Crimson editorial noted that a ruling for increased disclosure of police records in neighboring Connecticut would be “especially relevant” at Harvard, since the Harvard police is “almost identical” to the Yale police — both are private entities, but both are also granted “special state police powers” by their respective states. Josh Teitelbaum ’08 said his experiences at Brown and in the surrounding community — including a role in the now-defunct Coalition for Police Accountability and Institutional Transparency — have led him to a similar conclusion about Brown’s Department of Public Safety. Teitelbaum said it has always been difficult to get information from the Department of Public Safety, especially when it comes to soliciting information on personnel. Chief of Police and Director of Public Safety Mark “Porter always points to the rights of his officers,” Teitelbaum said. To illustrate his point, Teitelbaum referred to one instance when he and fellow students sought to file a complaint against a DPS officer. Teitelbaum said the only means DPS gave him to help identify the officer in question were photos from the department’s summer barbecue. Teitelbaum said the incident highlighted the “absurdity” entailed in seeking information from campus police. DPS of ficials could not be reached for comment.

Yalie stirs up controversy with insemination project By Joanna Wohlmuth Senior Staff Writer

Last Wednesday, Yale senior art major Aliza Shvarts circulated a press release describing her senior thesis project. The next day, the Yale Daily News published a story describing her work. Within hours, national media outlets — from the New York Times to PerezHilton.com — had picked up the story, and the battle between Shvarts and Yale over what had actually taken place began. Shvarts told the News that for her thesis over the course of nine months she repeatedly artificially inseminated herself using sperm from unpaid donors and a needleless syringe. Toward the end of each of her menstrual cycles, she took legal, herbal abortifacient drugs and videotaped herself collecting the blood from the process. She told the News her installation will feature projections of the footage on a large cube wrapped in plastic sheeting encasing the blood. The goal of the work is to foster debate about the relationship between art and the human body, Shvarts told the News. “Sure, some people will be upset with the message and will not agree with it, but it’s not the intention of the piece to scandalize anyone,” she told the News. Amid the outcry of condemnation and shock from Yale students, national pro-life and pro-choice groups and the media, a Yale spokesperson released a state-

ment rebuking Shvarts’ claims. (Yale officials told the News that Shvarts’ project has caused more press inquiries than any incident since the 2006 controversy over the admission of a former Taliban diplomat.) The official called the project a piece of “creative fiction designed to draw attention to the ambiguity surrounding form and function of a woman’s body” and stated that Shvarts had confirmed to Yale officials that she had not tried to impregnate herself, nor had she taken drugs to induce bleeding. Later that day, in an interview with the News, Shvar ts maintained that the university’s statement was inaccurate and that she had performed the procedures as she had originally described. She added that it is unknown whether she had actually been pregnant at any point because the potential miscarriages coincided with her normal menstruation period. She also showed some of the footage she planned to use in her piece to members of the News staff, according to an ar ticle in the News. “No one can say with 100 percent certainty that anything in the piece did or did not happen,” Shvarts told the News, “because the nature of the piece is that it did not consist of certainties.” Yale released another statement shor tly before midnight Thursday claiming that Shvarts’ denial was a part of the perforcontinued on page 8

Timeline of Events • Thursday (morning): Yale Daily News publishes article describing Shvarts’ project • Thursday (afternoon): Yale releases statement calling the piece “creative fiction” • Thursday (afternoon): Shvarts counters stating that she had preformed the artificial inseminations and had taken drugs to induce bleeding • Thursday (night): Yale releases statement maintaining that Shvarts’ work was a fabrication and her denial was a part of her art • Friday: Shvarts denies Yale’s statement and says the project had been previously sanctioned by Yale faculty • Sunday: Yale releases statement saying that Shvarts’ work would not be displayed unless she acknowledged that it was a fabrication and that two Yale faculty members had been disciplined for their role in the project • Tuesday: Shvarts piece was not featured in the opening of the senior thesis projects showing

Students lobbying for guns on campus By Marisa Calleja Staff Writer

Students across the country shouldn’t be surprised if they see empty gun holsters infiltrating their classes this week. As part of the second “empty holster protest” organized by Students for Concealed Carry on Campus, members are sporting the accessory to symbolize the restrictions institutions place on their right to carry a concealed weapon on campus for self-defense and safety purposes. Guns to promote safety on campus? While it may seem counterintuitive, growing numbers of students across the country are expressing support for legislation and campus policies that would allow them to carry concealed weapons around their colleges and universities. SCCC, the largest and most prominent of these groups, is pushing for universities to allow students who have met the proper licensing and registration requirements to carry concealed weapons for personal protection and in order to fight off attackers in campus shootings. In the wake of shootings at Virginia Tech and Northern Illinois University, SCCC quickly grew from a Facebook group, created in April 2007 to gauge interest in the cause, to a national organization that now boasts over 25,000 members at dozens of campuses. Ninety percent of its members are students. Though gun advocates are receiving ample media attention, they have not succeeded in passing legislation

to allow students to carry concealed weapons on campus. On Virginia campuses, chapters are pushing for a law that limits the ability of state entities, including the board of a state university, to prohibit concealed handgun permittees from carrying firearms on public property. Utah is the only state that currently allows students to do so. “When people say ‘More guns equals more violence,’ they make the terribly insulting assumption that all gun owners commit violence,” Jason Blatt, an SCCC spokesman and medical student at the University of North Carolina, wrote in an e-mail to The Herald. “They fail to make the mental distinction between guns owned by good guys and guns owned by bad guys.” Blatt added that use of concealed weapons is most appropriate for personal protection, pointing to high numbers of sex offenses, assaults and violent felonies that take place every year on college campuses. “Nearly 6,000 a year of our nation’s college students are murdered, raped and brutally assaulted,” he wrote. Ken Stanton, head of the Virginia Tech chapter of SCCC, also stressed the different reasons for carrying a concealed weapon, saying some want to “act like cowboys” and provide protection for others in the absence of police presence, while others simply want a weapon for self-defense. “I’m not even that excited about shooting,” he said. “I target shoot for practice on weekends, but other than that it’s only for self-defense.”

Many members of SCCC, including Stanton and Blatt, believe concealed weapons work as a crime deterrent. The availability of permits for concealed weapons accounts for the drastic drop in crime in American cities over the 1990’s, Stanton said. Blatt added that inmate studies that have found that criminals often fear an armed victim more than the police. The group’s recommendations to allow students to carry concealed weapons are not without restrictions. SCCC insists that on-campus firearms holders should be 21 years of age and have no prior criminal record, history of substance abuse or psychiatric problems. However, they also cite research that says that the six states that allow any person over 18 to hold a concealed weapon — Maine, North Dakota, New Hampshire, South Dakota, Montana and Indiana — have some of the nation’s lowest crime rates. Still, the idea of firearms on a college campus makes many uncomfortable. At a national conference on higher education law sponsored in February by Stetson University and the National Association of Student Personnel Administrators, public safety officials concluded that more guns on college campuses would not lead to greater safety, according to a Feb. 29 article in the Chronicle of Higher Education. Public safety experts told the Chronicle that untrained students could easily miscontinued on page 4


Page 4

Peasants drive indigenous movement, Morales says continued from page 1 said that after his administration nationalized oil resources, revenues jumped from $300 million to $1.93 billion. He said this money has been used to of fer benefits to those who have never before received assistance from the state. “I’m not paying anything,” he said. “I’m just returning the money of the people to the people.” Still, Morales did not dwell on listing his accomplishments as he delivered the Stephen A. Ogden Jr. ’60 Memorial Lecture on International Affairs. He spent most of his nearly hour-and-a-half lecture speaking of the time before he had nationalized Bolivia’s oil, before he had redistributed agricultural land and before he had received international attention as Bolivia’s first indigenous president. Morales repeatedly referred to the scholarly nature of his audience and his own lack of formal higher education. “This didn’t originate with some group of political scientists or professionals or intellectuals,” said Morales of the origins of the indigenous movement of peasant farmers in his country. “It was born of the struggles of the campesino (poor farmer) movement.” In keeping with the grassroots nature of the movement, Morales conveyed that his initiation into politics stemmed from firsthand experience. Morales recalled his trajector y from a childish boy jealous of urban workers who discarded orange peels uneaten to a youth who asked his comrades why indigenous peoples feel the need to fight for territory and power. “I didn’t know what human rights meant,” Morales said. “I didn’t have a opportunity to do university studies.” However, while Morales began to realize the scope of oppression faced by the indigenous majority in his country, the peasant movement recognized it needed to forge a “political instrument for the poor,” especially to defend natural resources he said. American troops’ presence and involvement in Bolivia fur ther stoked the movement’s urge to empower themselves, Morales said. “We decided that we needed to begin to liberate ourselves,” he said. Addressing present criticisms

Wednesday, April 23, 2008

THE BROWN DAILY HERALD

that he faces, he said the oppositions’ critiques are often merely personal attacks against him as an indigenous leader. “They use any pretext to wear down Evo Morales.” he said. “They wanted to wear down the Indian.” He did not address a common criticism he faces — his relationship and ideological similarities with Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez — and did not mention the nearby countr y’s leader until a student asked about the pair’s relationship during the brief question-and-answer period following the address. Morales quickly tied in a few anecdotes about friendly rendezvous at Chavez’ home with a definitive stance on socialism itself. “What do I understand socialism to mean? Equality among human beings,” Morales said. The audience erupted in applause. When asked to give his perspective on current U.S. political candidates, Morales said he had no reason to give an opinion on elections in another democratic nation. However, the question provided a launching point for a harsh crititique against U.S. military and economic involvement in Bolivia. “Just because it is a powerful country the Unitied States has no right to interfere in my country,” he said, adding that economic resources cannot be used for political purposes. Morales argued that the industrialization and luxury of Western nations causes much harm to the earth. If natural resources continue to be exploited, “then man himself will be destroying planet Earth and therefore humankind.” The names “socialism” and “communism” mean little, Morales said. “The main thing is life and humankind.” This objective was clear to Will Emmons ’09, who called the address “a pretty basic message that anyone could understand.” Likewise, the president’s message brought hope to Lorraine Kahneratokwas Gray, a Native American who works in New York and had come to Brown to participate in the weekend pow wow held on the Main Green. “It was encouraging for indigenous peoples oppressed by this government to see there is a future for us led by his example,” she said.

Some profs. sense a more corporate style continued from page 1 who has been a faculty member for 42 years. “I think the current administration’s style is quite supportive of everything I’m involved in.” Banchoff added that Brown is constantly changing. “I’ve always felt comfortable with Brown’s changing, and I feel comfortable now,” he said. “You do want to have a feeling that the administration is supportive and listening, and I do feel that, even when some of my colleagues disagree.” The University does have a “fairly elaborate” structure of committees to ensure faculty input, Dean of the Faculty Rajiv Vohra P’07 said. These committees include the University Resources Committee, the Tenure, Promotions and Appointments Committee and the CCC, among others. “I find (supposed lack of room for faculty involvement) very difficult to square with the fact that we have lots of faculty meetings and committees and lots of difficulty getting faculty to serve on those,” Vohra said. “When we have difficulty getting faculty to serve on the committees, it is hard to say that they are not involved.” A lack of transparency Some professors said they feel, however, that University officials are not listening to those commitees’ input. Professors said such issues were apparent in the decision-making for Banner and the restructuring of the Writing Fellows program. During April’s faculty meeting, professors also debated changes made to Banner — specifically an inability under the Banner system to mark an “A with distinction,” which professors could previously do. Because faculty grading is not consistent across the University, the issue of giving “distinction” becomes relevant when deciding whether or not to award a student a degree magna cum laude. “It is not fair to undergraduates when we are not consistent,” Colwill said at the meeting. “We need transparency.” Professors also said they felt transparency was lacking in recent decisions concerning the Writing Fellows. After long-time Writing Fellows director Rhoda Flaxman PhD’82 resigned last year in protest over cuts in staffing support, the program was restructured so as to put only one person in charge of both the Writing Fellows, who are undergraduates who work with

specific classes, and the Writing Center, which has graduate students who help edit papers. This structural change effectively cut the amount of staff support in the Writing Fellows program, The Herald reported in July 2007. The decision made by the administration to reduce support for the Writing Fellows program was “unilateral,” said Nicholas Swisher ’08, a Writing Fellow and former Herald opinions editor. Because the two programs now fall under the same leadership, the Advisory Board of the Writing Fellows program was replaced by the Writing Advisory Board, said Douglas Brown, director of writing support programs. The new board is made up of professors, administrators, undergrads and grad students, and has a larger purview. “Not having an advisory board separate from the Writing Center and integrated with the writing program — we get a fuller sense of how we can best work together to address these concerns,” Brown said. Faculty members on the Advisory Board of the Writing Fellows program, however, were upset that they were not consulted prior to the implementation of the changes to the program. “The committee did not react well, in the sense that they did not approve of these changes,” said a professor who was at the faculty forum, speaking anonymously in order to discuss the situation candidly. “While the committee did (later) discuss things with the dean of the College, ... there was no sense at all that the dean of the College was going to take anything they said,” the professor added. Professors were also upset last year when Executive Associate Deans of the College Perry Ashley and Jonathan Waage were forced out of their positions in University Hall, The Herald reported Feb. 14, 2007. In an earlier e-mail to faculty, Dean of the College Katherine Bergeron wrote that she was restructuring her office in part as a response to their departures, but several sources said that, in fact, they had been forced out as part of that restructuring. Ashley had been at Brown for 29 years, serving as a dean and pre-law adviser. Waage, who retained his position as a professor of biology, had been at the University for 34 years and served as an adviser to the dean for five years. At the time, several professors said they felt misled and that if Ashley was not given a role suitable for someone with his reputation and long ser-

vice in the University community, the faculty would protest. Ashley is now a executive associate dean of human resources. Enforcement of previously ignored rules related to Department Undergraduate Groups also irritated some faculty. Bergeron said that when she began her term in September 2006, she understood the DUGs to operate in a way that was stricter than how they actually operated. While DUGs had been officially required to draft a constitution and submit a budget to the Office of the Dean of the College, these rules were often not followed, several professors and officials said. Once University officials realized, however, that the enforcement of the rules bothered some faculty and students, they immediately changed the official rules to what many faculty called for — students in DUGs can now submit a request for how much money they need for a program or event and receive the funding without drafting a constitution or crafting a budget, Bergeron said. “When we got the feedback that this was oppressive, we immediately changed it back,” Bergeron said. “That’s the real value of a faculty forum — you get that feedback.” But in implementing the new DUG policy and the revocation of the A with distinction on Banner, administrators were “sneaking in without transparent consultation with the faculty,” Colwill said. Structuring a response The committee proposed to address the perceived transparency issues would consist of six faculty members, two undergrads, two grad students and several deans. Its charge is still up in the air, but the advisory board would in part be designed to address changes going on in the College. Bergeron said the CCC was concerned that the role of the new committee would overlap with already formed committees. “I think it’s worth continuing the conversation about this until it becomes clearer in everyone’s minds,” Bergeron said. “Anything that can help greater communication — I’m all for it.” Vohra said that a proposed faculty committee doesn’t necessarily suggest faculty aren’t being heard. “That the recommended faculty committees are not always implemented, that is probably true because there are lots of committees recommended all year long,” he said. “But that doesn’t mean that faculty are not involved in decisionmaking.”

Students argue guns on campus should be allowed continued from page 3 fire weapons or have them stolen by those who wish to harm others. Testifying before an Arizona Senate committee last month, police chiefs from three public universities in the state opposed a bill that would have allowed concealed carry on campus, arguing that students could interfere with police efforts to respond to shooters in an emergency. The police chiefs noted that lawenforcement agents must complete nine months of gun-related training, while ordinary citizens can obtain a gun permit with only eight hours

of training, according to an April 18 article in the Chronicle. “The group’s proposal makes me feel extremely unsafe,” said Colleen Devlin, a sophomore at the University of Virginia. “The right to carry does not outweigh the right to safety and security in the classroom.” According to information from the Violence Policy Center, firearms are the second leading cause of death among American ages 15 to 24 after motor vehicle accidents. The U.S. Department of Justice estimated that 66 percent of the 16,137 murders in 2004 were committed with firearms.


C ampus n ews Wednesday, April 23, 2008

O u r P ale B l u e D ot

For older profs., staying can have its price By George Miller Senior Staff Writer

Prostitution may be the oldest profession, but academics are among the oldest professionals, on average. And just like everybody else, they’re getting older. But since mandatory retirement became illegal in 1994, many professors are deciding to work later into

FEATURE

Min Wu / Herald

Alex Kruckman ‘10 (left) and Danny Musher ‘10 enjoy the Earth Day Fair on Lincoln Field, which included BBQ from the M.E.A.T truck, silk-screening, carbon-neutral DDR and an old-time string band.

Bookstore will begin its renovation at semester’s end By Noura Choudhury Staff Writer

The Brown Bookstore is delaying the start of its planned extensive renovations until after the end of the semester, said Manuel Cunard, bookstore director. The bookstore originally planned to begin construction this month, but bookstore staff have decided to begin demolition after commencement due to budget complications and safety issues. Cunard said most of the renovations should be complete by August, including reconstruction of the textbook department and the installation of new registers on the main floor. The apparel and computer departments will be complete in September, and the cafe and general level will be finished in November. Cunard said the entire project should be complete by December. The bookstore had originally hoped to complete the project in October. “It’s still as comprehensive as the original program,” Cunard said. “It’s a little bit off, but not too bad. It won’t have a disruptive effect on the fall because we are phasing the stages of construction to stay away from critical times.” The textbook depar tment is slated to move to the lower level, where the computer store and support center currently operates. The general books section and campus store — which will continue to sell both merchandise and office supplies — will both be spread through the main and upper levels. The main floor will also hold the cafe, community meeting rooms, children’s books section and a new checkout area in the middle of the floor. In addition to part of the general books section and campus store, the upper level will house the computer store. Two “Your Spaces” — models of a residence hall and a living room

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featuring some merchandise available in the store — will be installed in the north end of the store. Cunard said he hopes students will be able to use FlexPoints at the cafe, but he is still negotiating with Brown Dining Services. The cafe will remain open for longer hours than the general bookstore and Cunard said he hopes it can become a comfortable environment for students to spend time off the main campus. Cunard added that the renovations are part of a program to update the bookstore to adapt to the changing way people shop for books. The bookstore is “moving very aggressively” towards creating a new Web site and updating its online catalog, Cunard said, in response to declining sales across the entire collegiate bookstore industr y as shoppers turn towards the Internet. The Brown bookstore has successfully maintained sales at around $12 million per year, he said. “We’ve had a pretty decent year. We’ve held firm and we’re up from last year, which is not the case with most bookstores,” Cunard said. “The college bookstore industr y is way down right now.” Part of the bookstore’s plan to offset declining textbook sales is to begin selling electronic book devices, such as Sony’s Portable Reader and Amazon.com’s Kindle. These electronic devices can usually hold around 500 books, and electronic copies of books, downloaded to one of these devices, cost approximately 70 to 80 percent as much as books in traditional paper format. Trade Books and Promotions Manager Tova Beiser recently purchased a Sony Reader for the bookstore and is considering marketing continued on page 8

their old age, for a variety of reasons ranging from good health to fear of a worsening economy. Professors hanging on for longer will mean serious problems for schools, at least according to some observers of higher education. Others aren’t so sure. Schools thought they’d be stuck with “old fogeys” when mandatory retirement ended, said Ernst Benjamin, interim general secretary of the American Association of University Professors. “That really has not happened,” he said. Reasons for delayed retirement include not just inadequate retirement income and rising health care costs, but also high job satisfaction and flexible workloads, according to a 2004 survey of senior faculty at the University of North Carolina. And with the economy entering what most observers are calling a recession, economic reasons for staying on are likely to become stronger. But some faculty are retiring earlier as well, Benjamin said. A “burned-out” feeling, dissatisfying work environment and good financial security were all top reasons for faculty to retire earlier in the UNC study. And earlier retirement poses its own problems in terms of replacement. Schools looking to save money sometimes choose to hire locally for non-tenure track positions, Benjamin said. Most retirees at Brown are replaced with junior faculty, Dean of the Faculty Rajiv Vohra P’07 wrote in an e-mail. Retiring professors can also doom small programs: Swedish classes at Brown will end next month when the only instructor, Ann Weinstein, retires at the end of the academic year. She will be joining other big-name professors, including Professor of Classics Michael Putnam and Professor of History Gordon Wood, in retiring at the end of this semester. Many institutions encourage their employees to retire before age 70 with a variety of incentives like buyouts or post-retirement health care, Benjamin said. Brown professors who have been here for 15 years receive a bonus equal to an academic year’s salary if they retire at 68, with that bonus increasing to 1.375 times a year’s salary at 67, and 1.75 times at 66, Vohra wrote. That plan will last for two more years. Many professors opt to go parttime before fully retiring, either using a phase-out program or retiring and returning part-time, depending on the institution, Benjamin said. While Brown has no phased retirement plan, Vohra wrote, many faculty choose to work half-time or two-thirds-time for a few years before retirement. But one often undiscussed issue that affects an older faculty is its declining health. As professors’ mobility or eyesight deteriorates with age, they may file disability claims under the 1990 Americans with Disabilities Act. Though it’s hard to say which requests are age-related, “there’s

clearly a higher level of need as we all age,” said Catherine Axe, director of Disability Support Services. DSS does not keep statistics on age, she said. Disability-related faculty requests can include handicapped parking permits, the use of a DSS shuttle and providing assistive technology. Brown provides programs like ZoomText, for example, which magnifies computer screens, and Job Access With Speech, or JAWS, which reads text aloud or even works with braille output. Cases are usually clear-cut, Axe said, with proper documentation and a reasonable request. Faculty must still be able to perform the “essential functions” of their job, and the University can refuse accommodations that place an undue burden on the institution — for example, unduly expensive ones, Associate Counsel Janice Wright said. She said an agerelated claim had not gone to court, to her knowledge, in her 17 years at Brown. That’s not the case for all disability claims, however, as Henry Kings-

bury can attest. The ethnomusicologist and former professor of music sued Brown after administrators refused to renew his contract when he returned from leave after brain surgery. He alleged that a list of “essential functions” had been crafted specifically to prevent his return, according to a Nov. 30 Chronicle of Higher Education article. Though not age-related, his case illustrates the tightrope institutions must walk between granting requests to increasingly old professors and saving resources. Kingsbury started at Brown as an assistant professor in 1991, suffering a brain injury shortly thereafter, Wright said. After returning from medical leave in 1994, he filed a claim that his disability was not being accommodated, and lost his case in 2002, she said. He filed a second suit, in which he argued that he was not disabled but perceived as disabled ­— a condition also protected by ADA — but his second suit also failed, in 2004, she said. Kingsbury did not return requests for comment.


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Q&A with Thomas Friedman Thomas Friedman is a Pulitzer prizewinning columnist for the New York Times and author of the bestsellers “From Beirut to Jerusalem,” which won the a National Book Award, and “The World is Flat,” a look at globalization in the early 21st century. Yesterday he delivered a lecture for Earth Week titled “Hot, Flat and Crowded,” which shares its name with his upcoming book, and sat down with The Herald. Herald: Your last column for the New York Times compared today’s environmentalist to Noah, who was charged with saving every species on the planet from a great flood. But, as you pointed out, this time “we’re the ones causing The Flood.” Is our responsibility to the planet made greater by the fact that we’ve endangered it? Friedman: Yeah. We are the meteor who hit the dinosaurs for our generation. We’re both the flood and we have to be the ark. Because of the nature of today’s global economy, it’s really like a monster truck with the gas pedal stuck, and we’ve lost the key. Therefore, as the ones driving that truck, we’ve got to find a way to do it in a much more — to use the vernacular — “sustainable” way. Given the Biblical reference and your own Judaism, do you see environmentalism as a religious obligation? No, not really. I see it as most of all as a generational obligation. We have an obligation to preserve this patrimony, and we have a self interest: If the natural world that sustains us goes, life is not really going to be worth living. I tend not to put things in religious terms that way. You’ve argued that the green revolution has been spurred on by the “perfect storm” of Sept. 11, the Internet and Hurricane Katrina. Only one of these is an

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actual storm — how do terrorism and bandwidth relate to environmentalism? I now have a different perfect storm, between global warming, global ‘flattening’ — which is that Internet thing — and global population growth. Global flattening obviously has created a context for more and more people around the world to compete, connect and collaborate — to plug and play — than ever before. And in the process they’re raising their standards of living like never before. That’s a blessing, for us and for them, as people are coming out of poverty and coming out of disease. But the implications are enormous because as they live like Americans, they consume like Americans. That’s going to be a real challenge. Sept. 11 isn’t really part of my thinking now. Many students at Brown are already strong supporters of the environmentalist movement. What is the next step after increasing awareness for students looking to positively impact the environment? You have to really understand how the energy system works. It’s one thing to say ‘Okay, I’ve taken my course on climate change, I get it, I buy it, I understand what’s happening to the biosphere,’ but do you know how a real utility works? Do you have any idea? If you don’t know how a utility works, you really can’t effect change because utilities are basically the key interface between the energy supply here and the consumer, both industrial and residential, over there. It’s in that interplay between the energy we generate and the energy we use that all the mitigation and remediation efforts exist. So if there isn’t a class at Brown, “How a Utility Works,” you can’t be an effective environmentalist. If it isn’t boring, it isn’t green. —Chaz Firestone

Friedman: World must get green to be flat continued from page 1 Friedman explained that temperature, access to information and population all reached “tipping points” in 2007, leaving the current generation to deal with a “monster truck with the gas pedal stuck.” Chapter three — titled “fill her up with dictators” — looked at the relationship between oil and freedom and the emergence of “petrodictatorships.” Friedman described current foreign and economic policy succinctly: “Maximize demand. Minimize supply. Buy the rest from the people who hate us the most.” He used two hands to graph the price of oil against the freedom of the people in the countr y selling it, which he argued is an “inverse correlation.” When the Soviet Union found itself sitting on a fortune of highpriced oil, Friedman said, it expanded its borders and influence across Europe. But when oil prices collapsed, the country couldn’t sustain its expansion. “It was $14.50 per barrel oil that brought down the Soviet Union,” Friedman said. He added that the current situation in Iran and the extreme positions of its president, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, operate on the same principles. “At $25 a barrel, the Holocaust won’t be a myth any more,” he said, referring to the leader’s public denial of the Holocaust. “That’s nonsense you can only afford at $100 a barrel.” The last “problem chapter” was titled “1.6 billion,” a reference to the number of people in the world who are “energy poor.” Friedman said sub-Saharan Africa produces as much energy in a year as China does in two weeks, a gulf that can be bridged through environmentally friendly technology. “The world will not be flat until it’s green,” he said. Friedman then followed his book in transitioning to solutions, laying out what needs to be done and the benefits of acting quickly

and effectively. The world will need to accomplish three goals to meet the challenges of the energy climate era: clean energy, efficiency in use and production and “an ethic of conservation,” he said. “We’re going to get really super-efficient at raping the natural world,” he said, adding that clean, cheap energy can become “a license to buy a Hummer and drive it through the Amazon.” Friedman touched on his skepticism of the “green revolution,” calling it a “green party.” In chapter seven, he rattled off a list of books he had found on a Google search for “easy ways to go green.” After listing titles like “10 ways to save the Earth and money in under a minute” and “10 ways to green up your sex life: vegan condoms and solar vibrators,” he told the audience “you’ll know it’s a revolution when it’s like the IT revolution, and you either change or die.” “The scale of the problem we face is so staggering that these 101 ways are going to get us absolutely nowhere,” Friedman said. “Was Paul Revere out there saying, ‘101 ways to defeat the Redcoats’?” Another energy chapter called “Intelligent Design” followed, so titled because “I don’t believe in evolution when it comes to green power.” “Today’s energy system in America is exactly like the NCAA pool,” Friedman said. “It’s got 64 dif ferent power companies and systems, and whoever happens to have the most senators on their side, or the most lobbyists, gets to the top — that’s how corn ethanol won.” Friedman argued against “another Manhattan Project,” instead advocating an “intelligently designed” system relying on an energy market, which he said does not yet exist. Using a thought experiment involving selling technology to President Ruth Simmons — who was in attendance — Friedman ex-

plained that the challenge of providing green technologies is that only new methods, not functions, can be offered. “It’s like sending a man to the moon when Southwest Airlines already flies there, and gives away free peanuts,” he said. Friedman concluded with a call to action and a warning about what will happen if it is ignored. “We are so unserious about this green project when you think of the system we need and the scale of the challenge,” he said, adding that if we fail, we may become a “Banana Republic.” Because of the pie-throwing incident, Friedman was only able to field four questions from the audience, which stood up and applauded his speech. One student asked whether Friedman really thought the “conservation ethic” he was looking for would be possible in countries like the United States or China. Friedman suggested that after the current election, the prospects for such an ethic could improve. “We’ve just had a vice president who said, ‘Conservation is for sissies’ ... and a president who can’t even get the word ‘c-c-c-c-c-c-c-c-c-cconservation’ out of his mouth! ” he said. “Imagine if we had a president who talked about it everyday.” Aside from the two dissenters earlier in the evening, most of the audience seemed to enjoy Friedman’s speech, including Simmons, who remained in the front row even after the attack. “I thought it was ver y provocative,” she said. “He’s written a good deal about green efforts, and there’s some anticipation of his work.” Simmons said of the pie-throwing incident that she “didn’t know what the statement was” and thought it was ineffective in addition to being inappropriate. “We really ver y much defend the right of anybody to contest any speaker’s opinions,” she said. “But nobody here favors assault.”

Friedman pied by student continued from page 1 wrote that they were acting “on behalf of the earth (sic) and all true environmentalists.” One side of the pamphlet contains an excerpt from a September 2006 review of Friedman’s book, “The World is Flat,” written by Raymond Lotta for the journal “Revolution,” which styles itself as the “Voice of the Revolutionary Communist Party, USA.” The review is highly critical of Friedman, who the review claims cannot see his own errors while “seated in the business class of his analytical jetliner.” The other side contains five bulletpoints explaining why “Thomas Friedman deserves a pie in the face,” which include reasons like “his sickeningly cheery applaud for free market capitalism’s conquest of the planet,” and “for helping turn environmentalism into a fake plastic consumer product for the privileged.” The pamphlet declares “Thomas Friedman’s ‘Green’ as fake and toxic to human and planetary health as the cool-whip (sic) covering his face.”


w orld & n ation Wednesday, April 23, 2008

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Clinton wins by ten points in Pennsylvania 84-year-old alleged former Israeli spy arrested By Anne Kornblut and Shailagh Murray Washington Post

PHILADELPHIA — Sen. Hillary Rodham Clinton won the Pennsylvania primary decisively on Tuesday night, running up a 10-percentage-point victory that bolstered her case for staying in the race for the Democratic nomination. Sen. Barack Obama downplayed a defeat that did not substantially reduce his delegate lead, but the outcome only further muddled a Democratic race that has stretched on for nearly four months and sharply divided the party. The two will meet again in primaries in Indiana and North Carolina on May 6. An estimated 2 million Democrats voted, nearly triple the number who turned out in the last two presidential primaries in the state. Clinton won by running up big margins with her core constituencies, winning white voters with incomes under $50,000 by 32 points, voters over 65 by 26 percent, and Catholic voters by 38 percent, more than countering Obama’s strong showing with black voters and higher-income whites in Philadelphia and its suburbs. She signaled that despite her dramatic financial disadvantage, she has no intention of getting out before the last votes are cast on June 3. “It’s a long road to 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue, and it runs right through the heart of Pennsylvania,” Clinton said at a raucous post-campaign rally in Philadelphia. After a campaign that went on for more than a month and a half in the Keystone State, Clinton said: “You listened, and today, you chose.” “Some people counted me out and said to drop out. But the American people don’t quit, and they deserve a president who doesn’t quit, either,” Clinton said. Obama congratulated Clinton at a campaign event in Evansville, Ind., but also sought to move beyond a contest in Pennsylvania in which he heavily outspent Clinton and became bogged down in a string of controversies, including reports on the incendiary comments of his longtime pastor and his own remarks about “bitter” small-town residents during a San Francisco fundraiser. “It’s easy to get caught up in the distractions and the silliness and the tit-for-tat that consumes our politics — the bickering that none of us are immune to — and that trivializes

the profound issues: two wars, an economy in recession, a planet in peril,” he said. “But that kind of politics is not why we’re here tonight. It’s not why I’m here and it’s not why you’re here.” Describing the victory as “deeply personal,” the senator from New York recounted once again her family history in Pennsylvania — the stor y of her grandfather, and her father, a lace-mill worker from Scranton, which she has folded into her biography as evidence that she would be a populist fighter. “I am back here tonight because of their hard work and sacrifice,” she said. “In this election, I carry with me not just their dreams but the dreams of people like them and like you all across our country. People who embrace hard work and opportunity, who never waver in the face of adversity, who stand for what you believe and never stop believing in the promise of America.” Her campaign played the theme song from “Rocky” at the rally, part of an ongoing effort to turn Clinton’s fall from inevitability as an asset. The Pennsylvania victory, which Gov. Edward Rendell, Clinton’s top supporter in the state, described at a post-election rally as an “earthquake” that would change the dynamic of the entire Democratic race, came as a huge relief for Clinton aides who say their only chance of an upset is to run off a string of triumphs. Yet it was a relief for the Obama campaign, too. The senator from Illinois denied Clinton an overwhelming landslide in a state that played to her demographic strengths, with its many working-class, elderly and Catholic voters, and it put her back on uphill terrain. Obama continues to hold a massive financial advantage and a lead in pledged delegates that will be almost impossible for Clinton to surpass in the dwindling number of remaining contests. Clinton acknowledged her financial predicament in her victory speech, explicitly urging supporters to send her the money she needs to keep going through to the final primaries on June 3. “Tonight more than ever, I need your help to continue this journey,” she said. “We can only keep winning if we can keep competing against an opponent who outspends us so massively.” Late Tuesday, her campaign said it had received $2.5 million in new contributions in the hours after the race in

Pennsylvania had been called. Throughout the seven-week contest in Pennsylvania, party leaders watched nervously as the two Democrats engaged in an increasingly divisive campaign that culminated in an exchange of negative television ads over the final weekend. The final days of the contest had something of an anticlimactic feel as the two campaigns debated what margin of victory Clinton would need in order to claim momentum heading into the next round of voting. Her campaign hoped a resounding victory would help move undecided party superdelegates, a group of several hundred party leaders and officeholders who are likely to determine the eventual nominee, into her column. Clinton’s closing argument in Pennsylvania resembled her core rationale for running in the first place: She said she was best able to beat Sen. John McCain, R-Ariz., in the general election, most qualified to serve as commander in chief and uniquely suited for the presidency based on her life experiences. What momentum Obama seemed to have — aided by media scrutiny of Clinton’s inaccurate recounting of a 1996 trip to Bosnia — appeared to stall about 10 days before votes were cast, when news broke of his comments about small-town residents who “cling” to guns and religion because Washington has let them down. With the primary less than a week away, Obama was again forced off message. He campaigned through the state aggressively, hitting all four corners and much of Pennsylvania’s conservative heartland. He visited local bars, factories and bowling alleys and held smaller town-hall meetings instead of big rallies, seeking to neutralize Clinton’s support in individual congressional districts to limit her take of pledged delegates. His weekly ad spending topped $3 million, for a total of around $12 million in the campaign there. Voters appeared to be paying close attention. Obama drew his biggest crowd of the campaign in downtown Philadelphia Friday night, with 35,000 people stretching over three city blocks. In Indiana last night, he tried to look ahead to his hoped-for showdown with McCain, while at the same time continuing his case against the primary opponent he has been unable to shake.

By Richard Schmitt and Richard Boudreaux Los Angeles T imes

WASHINGTON — Federal authorities arrested an 84-year-old former Army engineer on Tuesday for passing American military secrets to an Israeli agent in the 1980s, charges that suggest that one of the most famous spy cases in U.S. history might have been more widespread than previously known. Ben-ami Kadish, a U.S. citizen who worked at an Army base in New Jersey, acknowledged to FBI agents in an interview last month that he had given the Israeli agent between 50 and 100 classified documents about nuclear weapons, fighter jets and missiles, according to a criminal complaint filed in U.S. District Court in New York. Kadish was accused of reporting to the same Israeli government handler who was the main contact for imprisoned spy Jonathan Jay Pollard. Pollard is serving a life sentence in a federal prison in North Carolina after pleading guilty to espionage charges in 1986 in a case that roiled relations between the U.S. and Israel. The U.S. State Department, expressing dismay about the possibility of additional spying by “friends and allies,” brought the matter to the attention of the Israeli government. Israeli embassy spokesman David Siegel had no comment on the charges or any diplomatic fallout, but acknowledged that, “We were formally informed about the indictment by the relevant U.S. authorities.” Asked about the arrest, a spokesman for the Israeli Foreign Ministry, Arye Mekel, said: “We know nothing about it. We heard it from the media.” U.S. officials declined to discuss what new evidence they obtained that prompted them to target

Kadish years after the alleged crimes were committed. Kadish was charged with four counts of conspiracy, including allegations that he disclosed U.S. national defense documents to Israel and acted as an agent of the Israeli government. Appearing in federal court Tuesday afternoon, the Connecticut-born U.S. citizen entered a plea of not guilty and was released. His lawyer, Bruce I. Goldstein, declined comment about the charges. According to the government court filing, Kadish told FBI agents last month that he believed that providing classified documents to the agent would help Israel. Kadish told the FBI that he received no money for obtaining the classified documents. He said the agent gave him small gifts and occasionally bought dinner for him and his family. Kadish worked as a mechanical engineer at the U.S. Army’s Armament Research, Development and Engineering Center at the Picatinny Arsenal in Dover, N.J., from 1963 through 1990. The research center housed a library of documents, including many with classified information related to U.S. national defense. Kadish told investigators that he was introduced to his would-be handler in the 1970s by his brother, who worked with the agent at the Israeli Aircraft Industries, a defense contractor for the Israeli government. The company is now known as Israeli Aerospace Industries. Kadish and the agent — a coconspirator who was not charged and who was identified in court papers only as CC-1 — met for the first time in New York City. While the subject of Kadish doing work for Israel did not come up at that initial meeting, the government says that Kadish eventually bought into the spy plan.


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Yale, student duel on abortion art continued from page 3

Herald File Photo

The Brown Bookstore will begin renovations following Commencement, adding registers and moving the textbooks department to the main floor.

Ready to renovate, Brown Bookstore mulls eBooks continued from page 5 such devices to students in the fall. She said she is very supportive of the technology, but added that she isn’t sure it can fully replace traditional books. “It just holds a lot, but it’s not the same,” Beiser said. “There’s something about the way a book smells and feels that’s important, but that might be something that this generation is moving away from.” Cunard said he feels the book-

store has to be prepared for the changing future of textbook sales — which may involve selling textbooks as downloads to electronic book devices. “We have got to embrace and celebrate this new technology. Students should begin to look at eBooks and electronic books because traditional textbooks are going to be gone,” Cunard said. “We want to press it because it’ll have a real positive impact about the value that people get. We can’t control the value of textbooks.”

mance. The statement said Shvarts discussed her project with three Yale officials, telling them that she had not artificially inseminated herself or taken drugs to induce bleeding, but that she said she would deny this information if they released it. “We are disappointed that she would deliberately lie to the press in the name of art,” the statement read. Shvarts maintained that her project had been completed with the approval of the proper Yale authorities and said they were now trying to distance themselves because of the media attention her project had drawn, the News reported. The individuals Shvarts named were unavailable or refused to comment. Shvarts’ installation and the rest of the art department’s senior thesis candidates’ projects were set to open Tuesday, but Yale officials said Shvarts’ project would be barred unless she released a written statement admitting that the piece was a fabrication and that she had not artificially inseminated herself or taken the abor tifacient drugs, the News reported. Shvar ts told the News she would not seek an alternate venue to display her work should Yale prevent her from doing so. Yale also acknowledged that it had taken disciplinar y action against two faculty members who were involved with the project, the News reported Monday. At press time, Shvarts had issued no further statements and

her work had not been included in the opening of the show, the News repor ted. Since the students’ projects will remain on display until May 1, it is unclear whether Shvarts’ piece will be installed later. Shvarts’ work “fits into a tradition of mostly feminist body art mostly done in the early 1970s,” Brown Associate Professor of Art Leslie Bostrom wrote in an e-mail to The Herald. “This abortion work is no more shocking than some of the work from that time.” Whether Shvarts actually did perform the acts she described is less important than people believing that she did, Bostrom wrote. “Not everyone will want to see this piece, but the idea is more interesting than the images anyway,” Bostrom wrote. “So the artist has achieved her object by attracting such media coverage.” Though Shvar ts’ project is similar to other art involving body waste and self-harm, these types of work “are different in a private gallery context than in an institution like a college or university,” said Brown Assistant Professor of Visual Art Paul Myoda. “I wonder first and foremost how it got this far.” “If you are a student at a prestigious university, your actions are implicitly supported by that university,” Myoda said. “The university is trying to stop it because they don’t want to be seen by extension as supporting it.” Because the definition of art is so loose — essentially requiring only two people to agree in order for something to qualify — the question becomes whether Shvarts’ project is good or bad art, Myoda said, calling her method “tried and true avant-garde.” The debate over whether Shvarts’ work is a fabrication or a representation of actual events creates problems for assessing the value of her work, Myoda said. He compared it to criticism of a 1990s performance-art piece involving AIDS patients in a cho-

reographed dance. Because the performers were not trained dancers, the work could not be judged with preexisting criteria for dance performances. “If it is creative fiction, I could use criteria,” Myoda said. “But if she has done it, it invalidates the criteria for what good art is versus bad art.” In response to Shvar ts’ assertion that she was not tr ying to shock, Myoda said he would “take issue with her understanding of sensationalism.” Shvar ts’ project provoked strong reaction from students at Yale and other schools as well. Online comments to the News articles were particularly heated. “Today I am embarrassed to be a Yale student,” wrote one respondent. “How far will Yale allow and cover up the mishaps of liberal ‘intellectual curiosity’?” Another comment called Shvarts’ project a “horrifying concept.” Others supported Shvarts as “an artist, not a politician,” with one respondent writing that her project is “not about the abortion debate” but rather “her body and one’s understanding of reality and definition.” Brown students responded strongly to Shvarts’ project and Yale’s response. If Shvarts did inseminate herself with the aim of inducing miscarriages, it raises serious questions about the artistic value of her actions and the ethical implications of using abortion as art, said Lucy Lyle ’10. “It’s really hard to believe that she would do that, (or that) any faculty member would support that,” Lyle said. Robert Moore ’11 said Shvarts may not have intended to cause such a strong response, but he added that “the act itself is so shocking that people may not go beyond that aspect.” “I’m not sure if I can say if it’s art or not, but it was very shocking,” he said.


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Track and field pulls down Doubles helps w. tennis beat Crimson several qualifying times continued from page 12

continued from page 12 I gave that race everything I had. In my race, I didn’t quite reach that point, but I am getting there.” The final meet of the weekend took place in Arkansas at the John McDonnell Invitational. Once again, the athletes performed with consistency. Nicole Burns ’09 finished fourth in the 400-meter dash in 54.79 seconds and Akilah King ’08 pulled out another commendable performance, placing third in the triple jump with a jump of 40 feet, 1.25 inches. Jasmin was the most impressive on the day, finishing the 100-meter hurdles with a qualifying time good enough to send him to ECACs. “Personally traveling down to Arkansas and having the opportunity to compete with other athletes at such a high level was extremely helpful in my preparation for our Heptagonal Championship and meets beyond,” Jasmin said. “I am very happy with my performance at this meet, but I do still feel like I have much further to go before I at-

tain the goals that I have set out for myself. In terms of being ready for our Heptagonal Championship meet, I think that if we continue to improve as we have, especially on the men’s side, that we are going (to) turn some heads and put out some great performances.” Despite the loss of one of their star sprinters, Thelma Breezeatl ’10, because of injury, the Bears are looking to up the ante in the coming weeks prior to Heps, as many other teams in the league have improved outdoors. “This upcoming weekend is the Penn Relays, which offers terrific competition,” Lake wrote. “We will have a number of people trying to hit the standard there.” Lake named Lindsay Kahn ’09, Nick Sarro ’08, Ryan Graddy ’08, Ari Zamir ’08 and Ridgway as potential qualifiers.  The Penn meet, Lake wrote, “brings a lot of exposure and is attended by 75,000 — so it is a terrific experience.” The Penn relays will take place all weekend, beginning Thursday in Philadelphia.

W. golf follows a rough week, finishing seventh continued from page 12 the Bears, but the team played solidly, as ever y player posted a better final round score than their second round scores on Saturday. While the Bears were unable to beat Dartmouth, they did finish below the 1,000 mark for the tournament, with a total team score of 997, which reflected their improved play on Sunday. Crane again led the way for the Bears, coming through with an impressive clutch shot on the 18th hole to card a final round 79, which fired up her teammates. “Blythe stuck a wedge to about six inches on the last hole to make par and break 80,” Restrepo wrote. “We were all so proud of her.” While her teammates were thrilled to see Crane complete her college career on a high note, Crane also had reasons to be proud of her young teammates, as Guarascio posted an 86 on the final day to take 27th in her first Ivy League Championship, and Robinson, Restrepo and Bennett also finished strong by bringing home final round scores of 84, 86 and 91, respectively. “The freshmen rock my world.

Sarah is consistently shooting in the low 80s, which is spectacular,” Crane wrote. “Julie and Susan have contributed all year long and with a little more tournament experience, both will be in contention for the number one spot on this Brown team. They all have adjusted to collegiate golf at a surprisingly quick rate. This past weekend exemplified that adjustment, as they all shot some very good, solid scores.” With the core of their team returning and the addition of three impressive recruits to the line-up, Brown looks to be in good shape for next season. However, the team will face a difficult task in tr ying to replace the leadership provided by Crane, its lone senior and captain. “We’ve got three freshmen coming in the fall, and we’re all excited to have them. All three are exceptional players and will really help us next year,” Restrepo wrote. “But it is impossible to explain how much this team will miss Blythe. She is very clearly the leader of our team…and a tremendous mentor and friend who has made a significant impact on all of us.”

on that day,” she said. “I tried to play doubles and I thought it would be better to sit out in singles.” This change left Wardlaw confident that Brown could win at the final two seeds, and he was right. No. 5 Marisa Schonfeld ’11 won 6-1, 6-0, and No. 6 Alexa Baggio ’09 won 6-4, 6-1. It turned out that the team needed Aboubakare to win since the second through fourth seeds all eventually lost. No. 2 Mansur dropped her match 6-2, 3-6, 6-2, No. 3 Tanja Vucetic ’10 lost 6-2, 7-6 (2), and No. 4 Brett Finkelstein ’09 fell 6-1, 7-6 (9). The 4-3 win capped off a challenging weekend—and season. In the final home contest of the season on Friday, the Bears lost 4-3 to Dartmouth (15-4, 3-3), the fourth time in six conference matches Brown lost by one point. The team split the six singles matches but lost the doubles point in a sweep. Wins came from Aboubakare (6-3, 2-6, 6-1), Vucetic (2-6, 7-6 [5], 1-1 [2]) and Schonfeld at No. 6 this time (6-4, 6-0). Mansur (6-1, 6-1), Finkelstein (6-3, 6-3) and Baggio at No. 5 (4-6, 6-2, 6-1) were on the losing side of their matches. After winning her first set, Baggio looked like she could have provided a victory. But she dropped her last two sets, Wardlaw said, because Dartmouth changed strategy, attacking Baggio’s backhand. “I changed what I was doing,” Baggio said on Friday. “I have it in me to make the difference and today I didn’t.” Vucetic’s match entered its third set just before Baggio lost. She played, and won, a tiebreaker at 1-1 once the overall match was decided for Dartmouth. Wardlaw and Assistant Coach Cecily Dubusker expressed their disappointment to the team after the match. In particular, Wardlaw said he addressed the team’s lack of intensity. “They had more to give than we had given on that day,” he said. “It was like we were reserved and holding back. When it came down to big points, we didn’t capitalize on big situations.” The weekend matches were the first outdoor ones of the spring, and Friday’s contest featured moderate winds and some difficult shadows on the court. Dubusker said there isn’t a reason the players should struggle outside—where they practiced during spring break— but the difficulty in adapting to

new situations has been common this season. “We have a hard time adjusting, to changing our mind, in the face of variables,” she said. Despite the disappointing result on Friday, with Brown’s second conference win of the season on Sunday came an end to a season had many encouraging signs for players. “Compared to last year, they’ve made some big strides,” Wardlaw said. In particular, he noted the jumps made by Vucetic and Finkelstein, who alternated between No. 3 and No. 4 during the conference season. Vucetic played No. 6 singles last year, while Finkelstein was ranked ninth on the depth chart during her oft-injured sophomore season. The freshmen have contributed enormously, as well. Aboubakare’s wins this weekend put her at 6-1 in conference matches, making her the clear favorite for Ivy League Rookie of the Year. In Wardlaw’s mind, she might have even secured her spot as Player of the Year. Aboubakare could make a strong case for the title. The only other 6-1 player in the league at No. 1 is Yale’s Janet Kim, whom Aboubakare crushed, 6-1, 6-2. Aboubakare’s lone loss came against Pennsylvania’s Ekaterina Kosminskaya, ranked 124th in the country, but Kosminskaya is 4-1 after a loss to Kim and missing two matches due to an injury. Kosminskaya might have an advantage since she is ranked No. 33 in doubles, where her record is 4-1, including a win over the Bears. Kim is 6-1 in doubles, but one of those wins came as a No. 2 seed against Brown. Aboubakare and Schonfeld are unranked with a 5-2 Ivy record at No. 1 doubles. Including both the fall and spring seasons, four Brown players finished with win totals at singles among the top 15 in school history. Aboubakare’s 28 wins ranks second all-time, followed on the team by Vucetic, whose 25 wins put her at fifth all-time. Finkelstein’s 22 wins and Schonfeld’s 20 wins put them at 13th and 15th, respectively. In addition, the doubles combination of Aboubakare and Schonfeld won 19 doubles matches together, a Brown record. Next year’s team will have a very different-looking roster. Even though Kirkpatrick is the only player graduating, five incoming freshmen will change the dynamic of the team. The class of 2012, which in-

cludes four “five-star recruits,” is ranked 10th in the country by tennisrecruiting.net. But the new classes also are strong at Princeton and Har vard, ranking first and eighth, respectively. The recruiting class is Brown’s strongest since Wardlaw and Dubusker took over the program in the fall of 2004, they said. The coaches know that such strong players have high expectations. “They’re coming here to win an Ivy championship,” Wardlaw said. Dubusker said that the returning players know that they will need to have a strong summer to prepare for the fall season. “They don’t want to come into next year being outplayed by freshmen,” she said. Aboubakare, whose sister Carissa is among next year’s freshman class, said she’s not worried about her role on the team next year. “I really don’t care what position I play … as long as I get my win,” she said. In fact, she said that the pressure to defend her top seed that might be brought on by the new players could be beneficial. “I don’t mind (pressure) at all,” Aboubakare said. “It actually keeps me on my toes and helps me do better.” As Kirkpatrick graduates with the intention of applying to medical school, there will be some doctoring needed for next year’s team. On a literal level, Itsuka Kurihara ’11 needs surger y on her shoulder after she partially tore her cartilage. Although she won’t be able to swing a racket for another year, she will continue to be active on the sidelines; Schonfeld credits her support and advice on Friday for helping turn around her deficit. That sort of contribution to the team will be necessary as new players come in and roles change. Vucetic said she understands what will be expected of the upperclassmen on next year’s team. “(We) just want to be leaders and step up when we need to in terms of tennis and team dynamics,” the sophomore said. As somebody who has progressed from an inexperienced freshman to a veteran player, Kirkpatrick said she has enjoyed playing for the team on many different levels. “It’s been an amazing four years with a bunch of girls who are going to be my friends for life,” she said. “Finishing the season with a win obviously makes the season extra special.”

Baseball losses leave it mathematically eliminated from champs continued from page 12 astating for us,” Reardon said. “He’s a pretty vocal guy, somebody that ever ybody looked up to, and we miss him in terms of his run production, his defense, and also from a leadership point of view.” Game One on Sunday was no better for Bruno. Harvard capitalized on two Brown errors for a five-run fourth inning, which put the Crimson up 8-1. Centerfielder Steve Daniels ’09 went two-for-three for the Bears, but the rest of the team managed just three hits in the 9-3 loss. “We’re all are out there ever y day doing everything that we can, but sometimes in baseball, you’ll just kind of find yourself in a rut,”

Reardon said. “It’s frustrating for all of us, because at this point we’ve all been playing together for eight months, so ever yone’s individual successes are team successes, and ever yone’s failures are team failures.” In the final game of the series, Mark Gormley ’11 gave Brown a chance on the mound, going six and one-third innings and giving up five runs, but Bruno managed only one hit through the first eight innings of play, a Reardon single to centerfield in the top of the sixth. In the top of the ninth, Reardon got his second hit of the game, and catcher Matt Colantonio ’11 drew a walk. Reardon scored on a ground ball to the right side off the bat of tri-captain third baseman

Rob Papenhause ’09 and first baseman Joe Mellano ’10 tripled home Colantonio, but that was as close as the Bears would come, as the Crimson stamped out the comeback and completed the four-game sweep with a 5-2 win. In Monday’s game, Br yant built a 6-2 lead, and Brown could not muster a comeback, though shortstop Matt Nuzzo ’09 gave the Bears a boost in the bottom of the seventh. With Reardon on first, Nuzzo clobbered a hanging curveball down the left field line, but the ball got caught in the wind and blew just foul. Later in the at-bat, Nuzzo got a low pitch and made it count this time, hammering it to left center for a two-run homer, to cut the lead to 6-4. He now leads

the team with five home runs and 34 RBIs on the year. In the ninth inning, with the score at 7-4, Papenhause reached base on a single up the middle, one of his three hits on the day, and Reardon came to the plate with two outs and a chance to cut into Bryant’s lead. Reardon lined a pitch sharply towards left field, but a leaping catch by the shortstop put an end to Bruno’s comeback bid and handed the Bears their fifth consecutive loss in three days. Brown will host Holy Cross in a doubleheader on Wednesday, then gear up for its final Ivy League games against Yale. Two games will be played in Providence on Saturday, and then the next two will be played in New Haven, Conn. on

Sunday. Finally, the Bears will wrap up their season next Wednesday, when they travel to Smithfield, hoping for revenge against Bryant. Though the team cannot achieve its original goal of repeating as Ivy League champions, the Bears still hope to finish their season on a high note. “It’s great to lay (your goals) out, but the way you do that is by going to the ballpark every day, and trying to figure out a way to win, and you do that on a game-by-game basis,” Reardon said. “We’re going to go out there every game against Yale this weekend and play as hard as we did against Columbia at the beginning of the season. You have to play as hard as you can, that’s really the only goal you can have.”


E ditorial & L etters Page 10

Wednesday, April 23, 2008

THE BROWN DAILY HERALD

S t a ff E d i t o r i a l

Crime and clarity In February, Connecticut’s Freedom of Information Commission ruled that Yale’s police department must respect Freedom of Information Act requests. The decision came in response to a public defender’s request for information on two Yale officers who had charged a New Haven teenager riding his bicycle with breach of the peace. The defender, thinking the police had acted inappropriately, had asked Yale’s police department for information about the employees. Her request was denied. But earlier this month, after the commision’s decision, Yale agreed to comply with the request. The commission’s decision rested on the fact that Yale’s police department acts as a public governing body — that is, its policing power extends beyond the boundaries of Yale’s campus. According to the Yale police department’s web site, officers have “full jurisdiction throughout the city of New Haven, as conferred by the New Haven Board of Police Commissioners.” Not true for Brown’s Department of Public Safety officers, and that may be a reason why, if put to the same test, DPS wouldn’t have to make its records public. DPS does try to make information on crimes near campus available to students as much as possible. In March, community members were e-mailed about an incident in which DPS was not involved, but which was still relevant: A RISD student was assaulted and robbed while walking on a bridge in Waterplace Park, near Providence Place Mall. When two crimes happened in quick succession towards the end of last semester, DPS responded by increasing police and security officer presence and safeRIDE availability hours. Making more crime records public would help students lead safer lives on campus. But it would also answer questions stemming from the controversial incidents that hit campus every few years. When a graduate student was arrested in 2006 for failing to show his Brown ID to PPD officers working for the University, students were left piecing together details from e-mails from administrators and the account of the graduate student. Among other reassurances, administrators repeated that DPS kept records of stop data — including the race and gender of the persons stopped by officers — and that DPS would do a better job of keeping such records in the future. Though DPS makes stop data public annually, it should consider updating its numbers more than once a year and more publicly displaying it to the Brown community. While such racially charged incidents come up only once or twice in a student’s time at Brown — similar incidents occurred in 2004, as well as in 2002, when two black undergraduates refused to show their Brown IDs to DPS officers — having relevant information regularly brought to the public’s attention would do more than assurances that DPS officers receive “diversity training” to show students that administrators are committed to treating all students fairly. The 16-year-old riding his bicycle in New Haven presents a clear-cut case of police officers acting inappropriately. But most cases of alleged police misconduct aren’t so clear-cut. Though a private institution, Brown owes its community members as much clarity as if it were public.

T he B rown D aily H erald Editors-in-Chief Simmi Aujla Ross Frazier editorial Arts & Culture Editor Robin Steele Andrea Savdie Asst. Arts & Culture Editor Debbie Lehmann Higher Ed Editor Chaz Firestone Features Editor Olivia Hoffman Asst. Features Editor Rachel Arndt Metro Editor Scott Lowenstein Metro Editor Michael Bechek News Editor Isabel Gottlieb News Editor Franklin Kanin News Editor Michael Skocpol News Editor Karla Bertrand Opinions Editor James Shapiro Opinions Editor Whitney Clark Sports Editor Amy Ehrhart Sports Editor Jason Harris Sports Editor Benjy Asher Asst. Sports Editor Andrew Braca Asst. Sports Editor Megan McCahill Asst. Sports Editor

Senior Editors Taylor Barnes Chris Gang Stu Woo Business Darren Ball General Manager Mandeep Gill General Manager Susan Dansereau Office Manager Alex Hughes Sales Manager Lily Tran Sales Manager Emilie Aries Public Relations Director Jon Spector Accounting Director Claire Kiely National Account Manager Ellen DaSilva University Account Manager Philip Maynard Recruiter Account Manager Katelyn Koh Credit Manager Ingrid Pangandoyon Technology Director

C hristopher lee

Letters A trashy Spring Weekend To the Editor: Sunday night of Spring Weekend, hundreds of beer cans and other trash littered Wriston Quad while garbage cans surrounding the field remained empty. Students’ failure to take a few extra seconds to make sure their beer cans ended up in the garbage showed disrespect to the Facilities Management employees who had to spend night and day cleaning up students’ mess. Ideally, college students wouldn’t expect other people to clean up after them.  But since this is clearly not the case, the Greek Council, which sponsored Rage on Wriston and the Dave Binder concert, should be held responsible.  Any organization that holds an event on

campus is responsible for cleaning up afterwards, and the Greek Council should not be exempt from this rule. Furthermore, it is well known that fraternities provided the majority of the drinks, and checkpoints prevented the entrance of liquid containers from outside of Wriston Quad and Patriots Court.  Next year, the Greek Council should encourage participants to throw away their trash and should clean up any remaining garbage. En-Ling Wu ’08 Olivia Ildefonso ’09 David Frisof ’09 April 22

photo Rahul Keerthi Meara Sharma Min Wu Ashley Hess

Photo Editor Asst. Photo Editor Asst. Photo Editor Sports Photo Editor

post- magazine production Steve DeLucia Production & Design Editor Chaz Kelsh Asst. Design Editor Catherine Cullen Copy Desk Chief Adam Robbins Graphics Editor

Matt Hill Rajiv Jayadevan Sonia Kim Allison Zimmer Colleen Brogan Arthur Matuszewski Kimberly Stickels

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Rachel Isaacs, Chaz Kelsh, Designers Catherine Cullen, Erin Cummings, Jennifer Grayson, Madeleine Rosenberg, Copy Editors Sam Byker, Caroline Sedano, Michael Skocpol, Night Editors Senior Staff Writers Sam Byker, Nandini Jayakrishna, Chaz Kelsh, Sophia Li, Emmy Liss, Max Mankin, Brian Mastroianni, George Miller, Alex Roehrkasse, Caroline Sedano, Jenna Stark, Joanna Wohlmuth, Simon van Zuylen-Wood Staff Writers Stefanie Angstadt, Marisa Calleja, Noura Choudhury, Joy Chua, Ben Hyman, Cameron Lee, Ben Leubsdorf, Christian Martell, Anna Millman, Seth Motel, Evan Pelz, Eli Piette, Leslie Primack, Marielle Segarra, Melissa Shube, Catherine Straut, Sara Sunshine, Gaurie Tilak, Matthew Varley, Meha Verghese, Allison Wentz Sports Staff Writers Peter Cipparone, Han Cui, Meagan Garza, Lara Southern, Nicole Stock, Katie Wood Business Staff Stephanie Cheung, Veronica Yu, Jay Guan, Jennifer Chang, Jamie Phinney, Anna Reisetter, Kartika Chourdhury, Serena Ho, Akshay Rathod, Galen Cho, Maryrose Mesa, Van Le, Maura Lynch, Grant LeBeau, Jacqueline Goldman, Dana Feuchtbaum, Geraldo Guanaes, Lauren Presant, Lindsay Walls, Lucy Wang, Ruyi Jiang, Saul Lustgarten, Diego Gomez, Laura Sammartino, Ava Amini, Charley Chen, Lee Chau, Rory Stanton, Oliver Bowers, Katherine Richards, Alison Greenberg, Lilia Royanova Design Staff Jessica Calihan, Serena Ho, Rachel Isaacs, Andrea Krukowski, Joe Larios, Joanna Lee, Alex Unger, Aditya Voleti Photo Staff Oona Curley, Alex DePaoli, Erik Maser, Kim Perley, Quinn Savit Copy Editors Ria Ali, Paula Armstrong, Kim Arredondo, Ayelet Brinn, Aubrey Cann, Rafael Chaiken, Stephanie Craton, Erin Cummings, Katie Delaney, Julianne Fenn, Jake Frank, Anne Fuller, Josh Garcia, Jennifer Grayson, Rachel Isaacs, Joyce Ji, Jenn Kim, Tarah Knaresboro, Ted Lamm, Alex Mazerov, Seth Motel, Lisa Qing, Alex Rosenberg, Madeleine Rosenberg, Elena Weissman, Jason Yum

Correction A headline in a Los Angeles Times wire story published in last week’s Herald (“Court’s ruling deals blow to death penalty,” April 17) was inaccurate. The Supreme Court’s ruling upheld a widely used form of lethal injection. C O R R E C T I O N S P olicy The Brown Daily Herald is committed to providing the Brown University community with the most accurate information possible. Corrections may be submitted up to seven calendar days after publication. C ommentary P O L I C Y The staff editorial is the majority opinion of the editorial board of The Brown Daily Herald. The editorial viewpoint does not necessarily reflect the views of The Brown Daily Herald, Inc. Columns, letters and comics reflect the opinions of their authors only. L etters to the E ditor P olicy Send letters to letters@browndailyherald.com. Include a telephone number with all letters. The Herald reserves the right to edit all letters for length and cannot assure the publication of any letter. Please limit letters to 250 words. Under special circumstances writers may request anonymity, but no letter will be printed if the author’s identity is unknown to the editors. Announcements of events will not be printed. advertising P olicy The Brown Daily Herald, Inc. reserves the right to accept or decline any advertisement at its discretion.


O pinions Wednesday, April 23, 2008

Page 11

THE BROWN DAILY HERALD

Merle Haggard on American decline BY MATT PREWITT Opinions Columnist One score and seven years ago, the forefather of the Bakersfield sound — Merle Haggard — released a song called “Are the Good Times Really Over (I Wish a Buck was Still Silver).” Now we are engaged in a great civil ... economic crisis, and the lyrics feel eerily pertinent. Here’s a partial reprint. If you haven’t heard the song, you should imagine these lines delivered plaintively, in a succulent Bakersfield twang: “I wish a buck was still silver and it was back when the country was strong / Back before Elvis and before the Vietnam war came along / Before the Beatles and yesterday when a man could still work and still would / Is the best of the free life behind us now and are the good times really over for good? “Are we rollin’ downhill like a snowball headed for hell? / With no kind of chance for the flag or the liberty bell? / I wish a Ford or a Chevy would still last ten years like they should / Is the best of the free life behind us now and are the good times really over for good?” Damn it, Merle, don’t we all wish a buck was still silver, or at least worth more than 63 Eurocents. Back before the Iraq war came along and robbed us of our self-respect. Before the credit crisis, when a man could still find work without the help of an Ivy League degree. And I, too, wish that we didn’t have to debase our currency to make our automobile companies competitive. Haggard’s song exists firmly within an old American tradition that perseveres to this

day: belligerent nostalgia. We incessantly romanticize the past, and worry about present decline. When the economy collapses, we worry about our pocketbooks, and in boom times, we fret about cultural decline. This is a priceless cultural attribute, because it keeps us on our toes. We always feel like America is about to collapse — and maybe that’s why it hasn’t happened. In the January 2008 Harper’s, Benjamin Moser astutely observed that Brazilian history, by contrast, is a story of incessant hope. They always feel like they are on

’60s and the ’00s are very different, but I think the distinction can be fairly approximated by saying that the ’60s were a time of political and cultural crisis, whereas the ’00s are a time of political and economic crisis. In 2008, it is both warranted and helpful to worry that we are rolling downhill like a snowball headed for hell. We have big problems and we need to attack them. I’ve avoided relating this to the presidential race, but I must address the fact that I’m disparaging “hope” and advocating action, since these ideas have

We always feel like America is about to collapse — and maybe that’s why it hasn’t happened. the cusp of blossoming into a major global player — and maybe that’s why it hasn’t quite happened. There is a cynical saying in Brazil that it is, has always been and always will be the country of tomorrow. America thinks of itself as the country of yesterday. Occasionally we set this self-critical tradition aside, as in the happy-go-lucky ’50s and ’90s. Each of those decades was characterized by arrogance and complacency, and each ushered in a period of national trauma. Clearly, the

been appropriated by campaign spinsters. I believe that Barack Obama is the best solution for fighting general complacency, as well as the corrupt cronyism that the Clintons have clearly betrayed, of late, with their furious lambasting of ex-loyalists like Bill Richards. (I will conveniently ignore the fact that Merle Haggard wrote a pro-Clinton song last year called “Hillary.” She really does appeal to working-class white guys, I guess.) Even if he lives up to his potential, Obama

will not deliver us. We need to rebuild this country ourselves. We need to take moral positions on foreign policy, and we need to make moral decisions in the marketplace and in our careers. Our economic competitiveness needs to be rebuilt from scratch. When our manufacturing started faltering a few decades ago, technological innovation bailed us out, leading to hasty conjectures about a new “knowledge economy” paradigm. This won’t always fly. We aren’t smarter than other people. We can’t outsource everything and sit in our offices “managing,” because eventually the outsourcees will realize that we are unnecessary and correct us out of the equation. We need incentives to be truly innovative and productive, even if that means giving American businesses privileged access to our most precious resource: our markets. In spite of all economic orthodoxy, it isn’t necessarily bad to put up a limited umbrella of protectionism when things get rough. I’d really rather have healthy businesses in this country than cheap imported consumer products. Here’s the next verse of the song: “I wish Coke was still cola and a joint was a bad place to be/ It was back before Nixon lied to us all on TV. “Before Microwave ovens when a girl could still cook, and still would. Is the best of the free life behind us now and are the good times really over for good?” Here, I differ with Haggard’s assessment of the problem, but he’s right about one thing: life was better before George Bush lied to us all on TV.

Matt Prewitt ’08 is an Okie from Muskogee

Barack and bitterness BY DAN DAVIDSON Opinions Columnist It’s happened again. Barack Obama has proven that he can never connect with working-class whites and will doom the party to failure if he’s the nominee. Well, at least that’s what the Clinton campaign would like Democrats to believe. What is ironic about the continued attacks on Obama over who he had lunch with and the comments of radicals he happens to have met is that they appear to be doing only minimal damage to him while proving exactly what those who perpetrate them don’t want anyone to believe. Obama, for all his baggage, is still the more electable of the two Democratic candidates because of his strong record and ability to deflect personal attacks and refocus on real issues. If so much weren’t at stake, it would be truly hilarious to watch the coverage of Obama’s comments. His critics went to town after he said, “It’s not surprising then they [small town Americans] get bitter, they cling to guns or religion or antipathy to people who aren’t like them or anti-immigrant sentiment or anti-trade sentiment as a way to explain their frustrations.” There’s just something funny about hearing wealthy pundits from the left and right sound off on how much this will hurt him amongst working class white voters or, even more comically, how much the comments offend them personally. The Clinton campaign’s response has been equally as absurd and unfortunate for the party. Her camp has spoken on the matter as foolishly as the pundits, commenting on how hurtful

Obama’s statement was as if she, with her recently-disclosed multimillion dollar income, is wholly acquainted with what it’s like to be a working class or poor white person in 2008. More importantly, as with so-called issues like the Jeremiah Wright saga, Clinton just will not let up at a time when all the media attention is focused on the Democrats. Obviously she is in it to win it, but focusing on proving how Obama’s personal life makes him unelectable seems to be helping her in the race marginally at most, while putting party bickering front and

munity organizer is hard evidence of his concern for the less fortunate, but because he has the political skill to use this truth as a means to defend himself and shift the discourse to a discussion of his strengths. What we can learn from this situation, beyond the fact that it seems impossible to escape from the mundane and enter into a true debate of policy, is that what is important for a candidate above sound bites and associations is record and how effectively it can be communicated. Yes, a plethora of charges have been

Although Obama obviously has some personal nuggets that the media and McCain camp will go to town on, he also has the skill to survive these attacks and attempt to draw attention to real issues. center in the national media spotlight. The fact of the matter is, no matter how much Clinton or the Republicans want to harp on this comment, it will not change the reality of Obama’s stellar record working for the underprivileged. A comment like this hurts him a bit and worries some that he can’t connect with certain demographics. But he is able to recover, not only because his work as a com-

leveled against Obama. But time and again he has been able to deflect them and move on, catching up to Clinton in the primary race and then putting her on the defensive, because the tactful use of his record allows him to deflect these ridiculous non-issues. He knows how to effectively demonstrate what he has done and will do once elected, or else it seems unlikely he would be in the position he is in now. His

perseverance in the primary casts doubt on the Clinton camp’s notion that he will get swiftboated by Republicans in a John Kerry 2004 repeat, many Democrats’ biggest fear. Clinton’s attacks on Obama regarding non-issues like this one have been unfair and dishonest, with the simple goal of hurting him veiled in a legitimate concern over his electability. By doing so she has not only come across unfavorably to many voters, but she has actually disproved her own concerns. If Obama’s baggage is such an issue, she should have easily toppled him weeks ago, employing attack strategies similar to those the Republicans will use in the general election. Clearly, although Obama obviously has some personal nuggets that the media and the McCain camp will go to town on, he also has the skill to survive these attacks and attempt to draw attention to real issues, on which he provides the clearest and most inspiring vision for the future. If there is a demographic that the Democrats should be concerned about making bitter, it’s the countless Obama supporters who have never been involved in the political process before or are reenergized after a hiatus from politics. Barack has been drawing in new people, and if anyone has a reason to be bitter it will be them, in any scenario where he is not the nominee. No matter what lengths party leadership goes to, if Obama ends primary season with more popular votes than Clinton and isn’t the nominee, perceptions of unfairness will drive many away from the party. And that’s something we’ll all be bitter about.

Dan Davidson ’11 thanks ABC for that bitter debate


S ports W ednesday Page 12

Wednesday, April 23, 2008

THE BROWN DAILY HERALD

Two qualify for regionals at Princeton track meet By Lara Southern Spor ts Staff Writer

The Bears’ track and field teams went three different ways this past weekend, competing at meets across the country in order to seek out the best competition. At the Larry Ellis Memorial Invitational, which kicked off on Friday night at Princeton, two members of the team ran times fast enough to qualify for the NCAA Regionals, while two others qualified for the Eastern College Athletic Conference competition. The team saw less success at its subsequent meets, the UConn Invitational and the John McDonnell Invitational in Arkansas, although Matthew Jasmin ’09 pulled out another ECAC qualifying time of 14.77 seconds in the 100-meter hurdles. The Bears opened the weekend with a bang on a stellar performance from Ozzie Myers ’08, who delivered a time of 8:59 in the 3,000-meter steeplechase, the second-fastest time ever for Brown. Smita Gupta ’08 almost matched the feat with her time of 4:26 in the 1,500-meter race, the fourth-fastest time in the school’s history. Both runners qualified for the NCAA Regionals on the strength of these personal bests. Jenna Ridgway ’10 just missed the cut for Regionals but did qualify for the ECACs with her time of 4:28 in the 1,500-meter race. Kesley Ramsey ’11 will join Ridgway in the event at ECACs, qualifying with a time of 4:31. “I was ecstatic with the trip to

Princeton and how well it went,” Head Coach Craig Lake wrote in an e-mail to The Herald. “The goal is to have as many people qualify for the NCAA as possible.” The Bears faced some stiff competition at the UConn Invitational from UConn, Rhode Island, Boston University, Providence College and Quinnipiac. The standouts of the meet were Duriel Hardy ’10, who ran a time of 3:55.92 in the 1,500-meter race to earn second place, and John Haenle ’11 who delivered an impressive time of 9:45.53 in the 3,000-meter steeplechase, also good for second. Brian Schilder ’11, Joseph Mastrangelo ’09 and Zach Jaffa ’08 had fourth-place finishes in the 1,500-meter race, the 200-meter dash and the pole vault, respectively. The women’s track events saw solid performances from all, particularly in the distance events, where three athletes finished in the top 10 in the 1,500-meter race and two placed among the top 15 in the other sprint events. The best performances of the day at UConn came from Herald Staff Writer Lauren Pischel ’11, who placed second in the 1,500-meter race with a time of 4:43.39, and Brooke Staton ’11, who also finished second with a leap of 17 feet, 8.25 inches in the long jump. “I was happy with my race. It was good, but as always, there is room to improve,” Pischel said. “You want to be able to step off the track and say continued on page 9

Ashley Hess / Herald

Marisa Schonfeld ‘11 won at No. 1 doubles and No. 5 singles Sunday against Harvard to push the Bears past the Crimson, 4-3.

Kirkpatrick ’08, w. tennis finish winners By Seth Motel Staff Writer

Coming into Cambridge, Mass., on Sunday, Kelley Kirkpatrick ’08 was looking to cap off her college career. The other 10 women’s tennis players wanted to finish off the season strong with the hope of gaining momentum for next year. Both mentalities led to the desired result: a 4-3 win over Harvard (2-16 overall, 2-4 Ivy League). Yet again this season, the contest came down to the doubles point for the Bears (11-9, 2-5). It was the pairing of Kirkpatrick

and Sara Mansur ’09 that clinched the doubles point with an 8-6 win, leading the team to a sweep of the doubles point. After a last-minute lineup switch, Head Coach Paul Wardlaw was confident that Bruno could win at No. 5 and No. 6 singles. But with the top four singles seeds struggling early, the team needed somebody high in the ladder to step up to secure the fourth point. Bianca Aboubakare ’11 answered that challenge, turning a 5-3 first-set deficit into a 7-5 victory. “Once she won the first set,

the whole team could breathe,” Wardlaw said. Aboubakare dominated the second set, going on to win it 6-2. Surprisingly (and for Brown, mysteriously), Aboubakare’s opponent was not the Crimson’s normal No. 1 singles player, No. 102 in the nation Beier Ko. Ko, who played doubles earlier in the day but sat out for the singles, pushing everybody else up a seed, told the Herald in an interview that an illness prompted her withdrawal. “I just wasn’t really feeling well continued on page 9

Baseball creamed by Crimson in four games W. golf ends season in

seventh place at Ivies

By Benjy Asher Assistant Spor ts Editor

The baseball team had a rough weekend, dropping all four games at Harvard before falling short at home against Bryant on Monday. With a 14-23 overall record, 5-11 in Ivy League play, the Bears are now mathematically eliminated from winning an Ivy League championship. Harvard improves to just 8-26 and 7-9 in the Ivy League. Things started well for Bruno, only to go quickly downhill. In the first game of Saturday’s doubleheader against Har vard, Brown put together a four–run first inning, which included an RBI double by right fielder Nick Punal ’10. After that the Bears failed to score any additional runs in the rest of the game. The Crimson chipped away with a run in the bottom of the first inning and another in the fourth to cut the lead to 4-2. In the fi fth inning, star ting pitcher Anthony Vita ’08 began to struggle with his control. Vita walked two batters and hit another to load the bases, then hit another batter to bring in a run, before surrendering a bases-clearing threerun double. That was the last offense either team would garner, and the Crimson took the series opener, 6-4. Game Two on Saturday produced a similar outcome, when five walks and a hit batsman hurt starting pitcher Will Weidig ’10 in a 7-3 loss for Bruno. Designated hitter Conor Reardon ’08 led Brown with a three-for-five effort,

By Megan McCahill Assistant Spor ts Editor

Ashley Hess / Herald

Designated hitter Conor Reardon ‘08 had a total of eight hits in four games against Harvard over the weekend, but he did not have enough help from the rest of the team as the Bears dropped both doubleheaders.

boosting his average, which is now a team-high .400. One bright spot in the two losses was the play of utility man Brian Kelaher ’08. Playing in left field in place of injured tri-captain Ryan Murphy ’08, he picked up two hits in each of Saturday’s games.

Despite Kelaher’s performance, Murphy’s absence has been noticeable. He had been hitting .320 before going down for the season with a stress fracture in his foot. “Losing Murph was pretty devcontinued on page 9

Coming off of a disappointing 13th place finish two weekends ago, the women’s golf team was looking for redemption last weekend as it traveled to Atlantic City, N.J., to take on its league rivals in the Ivy League Championship. Although the Bears finished in last place, shooting a collective 997 at the Atlantic City Countr y Club to trail Har vard (890), Columbia (900), Princeton (901), Yale (928), Penn (936) and Dartmouth (995), there were some bright spots where Bruno displayed improved play. The Bears’ went into Saturday’s 36 holes of play, “with the mindset of making progress,” Susan Restrepo ’11 wrote in an e-mail. On Saturday Brown was fortunate to play in great conditions. But, despite the warm weather, the Bears were unable to get hot on the course. They posted a two-round team score of 668, good for seventh place on the day. Captain Blythe Crane ’08 once again led the Bears with a total score of 163, which left her in 25th place individually. Her two round scores of 82 and 81 made her one of only two Bears who managed to improve their second round scores during the grueling 36-hole day. Sarah Guarascio ’11 was the only other Bear to post an improved second round score, shooting 84-82 (166), good for 29th place. “As a golfer who has played in

many 36-hole, one-day tournaments, I will say that as much experience as you can get with those long days never hurts,” Crane wrote in an email. “Saturday for me had its ups and downs, I didn’t play badly but I also didn’t score well…my putting let me down.” Crane was not the only Brown golfer who struggled with her putting on the day, as her fellow Bears tired in the second round of play. Julia Robinson ’11 came in with scores of 80-88 (168), Restrepo carded rounds of 81-90 (171) and Kendalle Bennett ’10 finished with scores of 89-93 (182). “My performance in the first round was consistent and pretty solid overall,” Restrepo wrote. “The second round of the day however I really fell apart. My putting specifically was strong in the morning, but in the afternoon as my focus waned, the putts just weren’t falling.” Knowing that they were not in contention to win heading into Sunday’s final round, the Bears decided to set their sights on smaller goals. “Our team goal on Sunday was to finish ahead of Dartmouth, and I think we were all looking to improve putting, a pitfall for some of us in Saturday’s rounds,” Crane wrote. “Personally, I was looking to break 80 and strengthen my putting.” Sunday’s windy conditions made these goals more challenging for continued on page 9

Wednesday, April 23, 2008  

The April 23, 2008 issue of the Brown Daily Herald

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