The Brown Daily Herald T uesday, A pril 8, 2008
Volume CXLIII, No. 47
Since 1866, Daily Since 1891
Med advising change may limit access for undergrads
“ C h aos is a f ri e n d o f mi n e ”
Continuity of advising experience undermined, PLMEs worry By Sophia Li Senior Staff Writer
“I think it would be difficult to bring someone in from the outside right now,” she said. Kertzer acknowledged that Kennedy would be busy “wearing two hats,” but added that he thought Kennedy would be able to do the two jobs successfully by relying more heavily on his staff. Vasuki Nesiah, who was named director of international affairs in February to work alongside Kennedy, would play a critical role in helping him balance his responsibilities. Kennedy said being asked to serve as the Watson Institute director came as a complete surprise, though he was confident his new responsibilities would fit well with his main job at the University. “Certainly, it was not on my
Some undergraduates in the Program in Liberal Medical Education have voiced concern that recent changes in the medical advising structure will negatively affect a system that has given students the opportunity to form relationships with their advisers that begin in college and stretch until the third year of medical school. Last fall, Alpert Medical School made its advising system for medical students more specialized. Previously, four deans were responsible for advising all PLME and medical students. Now, med students receive advising in three more specialized branches — personal counseling, career counseling and academic advising. But the change also affects undergraduate PLMEs. Because the four advising deans became responsible for only undergrad PLMEs, two of the four deans began, in February, devoting fewer overall hours to advising. The other two deans’ hours did not change. Because they no longer advise medical students, the two deans whose hours were cut — Assistant Dean of Medicine Anne CushingBrescia and Assistant Dean of Medicine Timothy Empkie — can still devote the same number of hours for each advisee, said Associate Dean of Medicine Philip Gruppuso. He added that while the nature of med student advising has changed, the nature of undergraduate PLME advising has not.
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Min Wu / Herald
Students gathered in MacMillan 117 for the start of 2008’s housing lottery. Those anticipating no-shows didn’t have to wait long — a student with second pick skipped out on the lottery, much to attendees’ delight.
Love and lit go Kennedy ’76 to lead Watson for now hand-in-hand, profs. find By Michael Bechek News Editor
By Dana Teppert Staf f Writer
Professor of Comparative Literature Arnold Weinstein recently told his students in COLT 1420T: “The Fiction of Relationship,” that they could end up marr ying the person sitting next to them. Most students turned their heads and let out a skeptical laugh. But though Weinstein’s students found the idea of marr ying their classmates humorous, what they
FEATURE may not know is that for their professor and others like him, lifelong relationships began — and remain — on college campuses. Senior Lecturer in Economics Rachel Friedberg met her husband, Professor of Economics David Weil, while the two were in graduate school working at the same economic think tank. The two sat at adjacent computers while they conducted their research, Weil said, smiling. Professor of Ar t Wendy Edwards and Rhode Island School of Design instructor Jerry Mischak had “the epitome of a courtship” when they met at the University of Wisconsin, Mischak said. He first noticed Edwards when he attended a lecture she gave, and loved her work, which is abstract painting. Assistant Professors of Economics Anna Aizer and Pedro Dal Bo occupy offices right next door to continued on page 6
not so lil’ rhody Overwight Rhode Islanders cost taxpayers an extra $185 per person
Vice President for International Affairs David Kennedy ’76, who joined the University administration three months ago with the task of raising Brown’s global profile, will serve as the interim director of the Watson Institute for International Studies for two years starting this summer. The move comes after the current director, Barbara Stallings, announced she will step down from that position to focus on her research. Kennedy, who was a visiting scholar at the Watson Institute last spring and has worked out of Watson’s building since arriving as a University vice president in January, will have to balance two
demanding jobs. Between the two posts he will provide leadership for Watson’s many programs and oversee a slew of University initiatives designed to strengthen Brown’s involvement in the global community. Provost David Kertzer ’69 P’95 P’98 said Stallings’ decision to step down on June 30 did not leave enough time for an exhaustive national search process that would be necessary to find a permanent replacement. He said asking Kennedy to fill the position for two years, and beginning a national search for a director about a year from now, “seemed to make a certain kind of logical sense.” Stallings said Kennedy was a logical choice to fill the position, and said he had knowledge of “the major issues” at Watson.
It’s official: Robinson will leave Brown Coach introduced at Oregon State By Stu Woo Senior Editor
Peter Strong / Daily Barometer
Craig Robinson was introduced as head coach at Oregon State.
Michael Goldberger knew this day would come. The director of athletics just thought, and hoped, it would come later. But the inevitable finally happened yesterday, as Craig Robinson, the men’s basketball head coach whom Goldberger hired two years ago to turn the struggling team around, finally outgrew the tiny confines of Brown and Ivy League basketball and will head West for a big-time and big-money program.
DOC’S TRIUMPH Alpert Medical School professor discovers gene that may link to Parkinson’s
Robinson was introduced as the head coach of the Oregon State University Beavers yesterday, confirming several reports on Sunday that he had been offered the job. He has resigned from his position at Brown and will assume his
SPORTS new job at the Pac-10 Conference school immediately. “We’re really grateful for the work he’s done here,” Goldberger said. “We certainly understand that this might be a great opportunity.” He added that Brown is beginning a national search for his successor. At the Cor vallis, Ore., institu-
OLYMPIC STRUGGLE Dan Davidson ’11 endorses a partial U.S. boycott of the Olympics. Amanda Bauer ’10 thinks it’s not enough.
195 Angell Street, Providence, Rhode Island
sunny, 59 / 37
tion yesterday, Robinson, who did not return calls for comment, opened his introduction speech by thanking the audience and saying, “Go Beavs!” He then thanked the Oregon State officials who hired him before turning his attention to Brown. “I’d also like to thank the place I’m leaving, too — Brown University,” he said. “Dr. Ruth Simmons, the president, Michael Goldberger, the athletics director, and especially my staff and team, because I wouldn’t be here if it weren’t for those guys.” But he added: “While I’ll miss those guys, I got new guys.” Robinson also took questions continued on page 6
tomorrow’s weather Unless we get lucky, Spring Weekend won’t share tomorrow’s sunny weather
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Tuesday, April 8, 2008
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD
Enigma Twist | Dustin Foley
Verney-Woolley Dining Hall
Lunch — Sundried Tomato Calzone, Grilled Tuna Sandwich with Cheese, Pasta Spinach Casserole
Lunch — Shaved Steak Sandwich, Spinach Strudel, Enchilada Bar, Sugar Cookies
Dinner — Vegan Vegetable Sauce with Tempeh, Sesame Chicken Strips with Mustard Sauce, Sticky Rice with Edamame Beans
Dinner — Chicken Helene, Creamy Parmesan Primavera, Boston Cream Pie
Trust Ben | Ben Leubsdorf
Sudoku Fill in the grid so that every row, every column and every 3x3 box contains the digits 1 through 9.
Opus Hominis | Miguel Llorente
© Puzzles by Pappocom
RELEASE DATE– Tuesday, April 8, 2008
Los Angeles Times Puzzle C r o sDaily s w oCrossword rd
War and Peas | Linda Zhang and Eli Jaffa
Edited by Rich Norris and Joyce Nichols Lewis
ACROSS 1 Rank above cpl. 4 Fridge or freezer: Abbr. 8 Tristan’s lover 14 “__ Gang” 15 Crumbly Greek cheese 16 Country 17 Swindle 19 Layered chocolate bar 20 Entreaties to a higher court 21 Greed or envy 22 Deploy 23 Aerial defense weapon, for short 24 Clue 25 ENE or WSW 26 Nonsense 31 Blood-typing system 32 Please plenty 33 Vertical graph line 37 Latin god 39 Soap star Susan 41 Pasadena’s __ Bowl 42 Play guitar chords 44 Western classic 46 Actress Thurman 47 Sound of light rain 50 “Singin’ in the Rain” studio 53 Joint malady 54 Make a mistake 55 Paleozoic, e.g. 56 Toys __ 57 Michelangelo and Magritte 61 Like drawings of lightning bolts 63 Hodgepodge 64 Apex 65 Object of worship 66 Hairy arm swinger 67 Pontificates 68 Off-the-wall 69 “Be prepared” org. DOWN 1 Living room piece
2 Big drink of water 3 Stumble 4 Easy to talk to 5 In a reckless hurry 6 School gps. 7 On the __: fleeing 8 Equitable way to return a favor 9 Holy 10 Legendary Giant Mel 11 Israeli political party 12 “__ tell you” 13 Rectangular computer key 18 Anthropologist Margaret 21 Harley attachment 24 Short-handled ax 26 Beanie Babies, pet rocks, etc. 27 “Yeah, sure, sure” 28 Visibly unhappy 29 Marlowe’s devil-dealing doctor
30 Knack for music 34 Cross off 35 “Woe __!” 36 Burn the surface of 38 Have dinner 40 Actually appearing live 43 Fly south for the winter, e.g. 45 Of this planet 48 Ruffians
49 Quick barbering job 50 Voice below soprano, for short 51 Actress Pam 52 __ Carta 57 Verdi heroine 58 Swedish auto 59 Recipe amts. 60 Mets home 62 Acne spot 63 “Les __”
ANSWER TO PREVIOUS PUZZLE:
Free Variation | Jeremy Kuhn
Dunkel | Joe Larios
T he B rown D aily H erald By Thomas Takaro (c)2008 Tribune Media Services, Inc.
If you do one thing on College Hill today... Feel like it’s the Cold War again. “Petrostate: Putin, Power and the New Russia” 4 p.m. at the Watson Institute
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M etro Tuesday, April 8, 2008
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD
Carcieri’s order on immigration draws fire By Simon van Zuylen-Wood Senior Staf f Writer
An executive order by Gov. Donald Carcieri ’65, which seeks to prevent illegal immigrants from working instate, has brought national attention to Rhode Island. But protests at the State House last Thursday may pressure Carcieri to answer to both his own constituents and the national media. Carcieri’s March 27 order states that illegal immigrants — which the order says may number 20,000 to 40,000 — create a “burden on the resources of state and local human services, law enforcement agencies, educational institutions and other governmental institutions.” The eight-point order calls for the state to implement an “E-Verify” electronic-verification program to ensure all executive branch employees are legally eligible to work. “E-Verify” will also be mandated for companies that work with the state. The order also allows Rhode Island State Police officers to perform the duties of Federal Immigration and Customs Enforcement agents after proper training. Once trained, State Police will be able to take on immigration enforcement duties, including prisoner transport, and they will have access to federal databases, according to a March 27 Providence Journal article. The legal status of immigrants who are “taken into custody, incarcerated, or under investigation for any crime” is also subject to investigation, according to the order. Last Thursday almost 100 pro-
testers crowded the State House among a throng of politicians, lobbyists and state employees, demanding the order be rescinded. Representatives from Providence Students for a Democratic Society were present at the protest. Ward 9 councilman Miguel Luna led the protest through the halls of the State House. The protesters, the majority of whom were Hispanic, held up signs that read “No human is illegal” and “Fairness + Respect 4 All.” The crowd chanted in Spanish while Luna led them to the office of Timothy Costa, the governor’s policy director. In the office, chants grew louder despite state police demands for the protesters to turn back. After a few minutes they took the protest outside, vowing to return. Though protesters were hoping Carcieri would hear them in person, he was nowhere to be found. Carcieri did appear later that night on CNN’s “Lou Dobbs Tonight,” explaining his decision to take over an issue usually handled by the federal government. Carcieri told Dobbs that “states and governors around the country are bearing the burden (of illegal immigration) and our citizens — hard-working citizens — are bearing the burden,” according to an April 4 article in the Providence Journal. Protesters argued that the burden would be on immigrants, both legal and illegal. Olneyville Neighborhood Association official Michael Wojcicki took part in the protest. He said a main problem with the order was
“deputizing local police to perform ICE duties.” The racial profiling of Hispanics might create an environment similar to that in the Japanese internment camps, Wojcicki said. Luna, who immigrated from the Dominican Republic in 1984, said the order would cause racial profiling, making Rhode Island’s Hispanic population “vulnerable.” Steven Brown, executive director of the Rhode Island chapter of the American Civil Liberties Union, was concerned with the racial profiling and with the actual efficacy of the governor’s plan. Brown, who said Rhode Island already has a “significant” racial profiling problem, said the issue would be compounded by “turning local police officers into immigration officials.” Brown said illegal immigrants’ effect on the job market was “overblown.” “Jobs that immigrants that are here unlawfully take are the ones nobody else wants to take,” Brown said. “These immigrants are abused by their employers.” Brown attacked both the “E-Verify” system, which he says has “millions of errors in its database,” and the state for choosing to address illegal immigration over “hundreds of other federal laws.” Terr y Gorman, president of Rhode Islanders for Immigration Law Enforcement said the order was “long overdue” and would “eliminate a lot of the social costs of illegal immigration.” Social services for illegal immigrants in Rhode Island cost around continued on page 9
Local residents to reinvent a colonial home By Nandini Jayakrishna Senior Staff Writer
Few houses in Providence today can boast having a room in which George Washington slept soon after the British evacuation from Boston in 1776. But one of them is the Governor Stephen Hopkins House, the oldest museum home in Providence. Built in the early 1700s, the twostory dark red house on the corner of Benefit and Hopkins Streets, is named after its most prominent owner, Stephen Hopkins, a Rhode Island politician who added more construction to the existing building and lived in it from 1743 to 1785. Currently owned by the state, the house has been maintained since 1927 by the Rhode Island chapter of the National Society of the Colonial Dames of America, a non-profit organization of women who trace their lineage to colonial times. Faced with declining numbers of visitors, the dames decided last September to “reinvent” the house to make it more appealing to modern viewers of all ages, said Susan Hardy, chair of the Hopkins House reinvention committee. Hardy said the reinvention project mainly involves changing the physical appearances of the rooms and information signs to make them more “visitor-friendly.” The committee, Hardy said, is also conducting research to uncover stories about the Hopkins family’s relationship to the community, to give the house and its owner a “human face.”
Born in Rhode Island in 1707, Stephen Hopkins was an important public figure both locally and nationally. He became Brown’s first chancellor in 1764, holding the position until his death in 1785. He served nine terms as governor of Rhode Island and was chief justice of the superior court for three years. But Hopkins is perhaps best known for being one of the two Rhode Islanders to sign the Declaration of Independence. Hopkins is said to have “fought violently” against slavery and freed all his slaves in his will, Hardy said, adding that his contributions to American society call for a greater appreciation for his life and home. To this end, Hardy and her committee are working to highlight the most noteworthy aspects of the house. For example, instead of having people enter through the existing main door, the reinvention will make a side entrance, which leads to the oldest part of the house, the original main entrance. “We want people to come in and walk into history,” Hardy said. The new main entrance will lead to what is known as a “keeping room,” a room with a period fireplace and dining table, set with utensils from Hopkins’ time. Most of the furniture in the house is donated and belongs to the colonial period, said Kathleen Anderson, a colonial dame and co-chairman of the house. The only pieces of furniture in the house that actually belonged to
Hopkins are two walnut-wood chairs in the parlor, Hardy said, adding that two glass cabinets with some of Hopkins’ personal belongings will be moved from an upstairs bedroom into his first-floor study. Hardy said the signs around the house will also be enlarged and reprinted so that visitors can read them easily. To make the 30-minute tours more interesting, the tour guide or “docent,” will tell more stories to give listeners a “new way to interpret history.” Visitors will be encouraged to ask questions and allowed to explore the house on their own, Hardy said. Ronald Potvin, assistant director of the John Nicholas Brown Center, who is advising Hardy on the reinvention, said traditional guided tours in historic homes provide visitors with a “generic group experience,” which are no longer suitable in modern times when people want to create their own individual experiences. Though the house is currently open for private tours, it will open officially with most of the physical changes in place in May, Hardy said. But extensive advertising will be important to attract attention the house, said Jennifer Trunzo GS, greeter at the Haffenreffer Museum of Anthropology. The Providence community is “not as historically sensitive as it used to be,” Trunzo says. Students continued on page 9
Gov. Donald Carcieri ‘65 has started a campaign for citizens to reduce their weight without relying on expensive or unnecessary options.
Governor weighs in on obesity in the Ocean State By Devin Gould Contributing Writer
Rhode Island may be the smallest state, but according to the “Healthy Weight in 2008” campaign, Rhode Islanders do not have waistlines to match. The campaign, kicked off in January by Gov. Donald Carcieri ’65, aims to reduce obesity by encouraging physical activity and healthy eating habits. According to the campaign, 56 percent of adults in Rhode Island are either overweight or obese. Obesity increases the risk of Type 2 diabetes, heart disease and high blood pressure. Cheryl Martone, special assistant to the first lady, said the obesity rate in the state burdens taxpayers with an additional $185 per person per year in healthcare costs. In conjunction with the Rhode Island Department of Health’s Initiative for a Healthy Weight, with help from Brown and many other partners, the campaign aims to ameliorate this problem. The campaign has a budget of approximately $50,000, Martone said. It has partnered with many groups across the state, including the State Alliance of Rhode Island YMCAs, Shape Up RI and RI Kids First, among others. The campaign’s Web site provides an abundance of health information for people and institutions interested in healthy living, and it also offers a list of local healthy-living events. It argues for a combination of nutritious eating and increased physical activity. Individuals are advised to get 30 minutes of exercise
five days a week. The campaign encourages any and all physical activity, with an emphasis on walking — one of Carcieri’s preferred activities, Martone said. She cited the Amish as an example of how physical activity can reduce obesity in a population. The campaign’s Web site reports that the average Amish person takes over four times as many steps as the average American. According to Martone, the rate of obesity in the Amish population is only 4 percent, compared to over 30 percent among average Americans. “Walking is a fairly ubiquitous activity that everyone can afford,” said Patricia Risica, assistant professor of community health, who has worked with the Initiative for a Healthy Weight. “The highest risk (for obesity) is among low-income individuals, so asking people to join a gym or buy a bike is not useful.” Marion Nestle, professor of nutrition and food studies at New York University and author of “What to Eat,” qualified the benefits of walking. “A ballpark figure is 100 calories per mile. That is the number of calories in two Oreo cookies,” she said. “Physical activity is important, but trying to say that 100 calories a day will make a difference in weight doesn’t work.” Carcieri is personally devoted to exercise, Martone said. “He’s in good condition,” she said. “He wears an odometer. He walks the talk.” The campaign also focuses on childhood obesity. “We are seeing continued on page 9
Tuesday, April 8, 2008
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD
PLMEs write Simmons on advising continued from page 1 Cushing-Brescia and Empkie are now being paid less because their compensation is proportional to the number of advisees they handle, Gruppuso said. This freed up resources to implement the changes in the medical school advising system, he said. Empkie, who used to have four half-days available to students, said he now has two. To accommodate his own schedule, Empkie said, he has scheduled these hours so that he works one full day a week. “We’re trying to make that work,” Empkie said. “It does make for a scheduling challenge.” Associate Dean of Medicine Julianne Ip ’75 MD’78 said that, in addition to the scheduling changes, the reformed medical school advising system, which sends advisees to three separate branches that each serve specific needs, effectively ends the six-year continuous advising system that has been part of the PLME experience. “Those of us who were advising medical students miss that,” Ip said. “I’m still accessible to medical students, if they seek me out.” Geolani Dy ’08, PLME Senate co-president, said the new system makes it harder to meet with advisers because their new office hours make them less accessible. Zachary Marcus ’10 said when he applied to PLME, he was told he would have the same adviser for six years. While he said he recognizes the importance of separating the undergraduate and medical school years, he liked that the advising sys-
tem formed a bridge between the two. Dy said the old system, which allowed PLME students to keep their undergraduate adviser for the first two years of medical school, helped them think of their education as a “continuum” instead of four undergraduate years distinct from four years of medical school. She liked the idea of having an adviser who knows her well, she said, and who could guide her through making important decisions in medical school. But, she added, “I think the new advising system they’ve put in place for med school students seems pretty strong, and it sounds like it’ll cater to med school students’ needs well.” Sarah Swanson ’11 said she thinks the changes will improve the advising system by allowing undergraduate PLME advisers to focus more on the undergraduate experience and allowing medical school advisers to focus on medical students’ needs. But Minjy Kang ’11 said “it’s a shame” that the advising structure changed, adding that she would have liked to have had a medical school adviser with whom she had built up such a long relationship. Kang, whose adviser is Cushing-Brescia, said she has not had a problem yet with her adviser’s accessibility. “Whenever I’ve e-mailed her, she’s been responsive, and I think she’s made an effort to make sure that (the reduced schedule) hasn’t affected the relationship that she has with her advisees.” Still, Dy said, “PLME undergrads are disappointed that they weren’t in-
formed earlier and that we didn’t have much input into the changes.” Dissatisfied with the effect of the new med school advising system on PLME advising, five students sent a letter on Feb. 11 to President Ruth Simmons, urging her to appoint a dean of medicine and biological sciences who will attend to concerns about PLME advising. “Recent, significant reductions in weekly availability of advisors, in addition to the shortening of the duration of the advising partnership, have profoundly altered the ethos of the program,” wrote Marcus, Claire Williams ’10, Jenna Kahn ’08, Lawren Wellisch ’08 and Ruhan Nagra ’10. “Specifically, we would like to stress the importance of seeking a Dean that believes that exceptional advising, which provides continuity through the eight-year Brown experience, is of paramount importance,” they wrote. Marcus said an assistant provost told him the letter was forwarded to the committee selecting the new dean, which had no student members. Last week, when Edward Wing was appointed the next dean, Marcus wasn’t sure what to think. “I’m not satisfied or dissatisfied,” he said. “I know nothing about the new dean.” But, he added, he is unhappy there were no undergraduates on the selection committee. Dy agreed, saying the PLME Senate hasn’t “collectively discussed how we feel about the appointment of Wing yet.” She added that “one concern was that we wanted to be part of the decision-making processes.”
Internationalizer gets top Watson post continued from page 1 radar screen, no,” he said. But he added that being director would be “a very exciting challenge” and that he saw the Watson Institute as “a terrific piece” of the University’s plans for internationalization. He said there was “a very strong
leadership structure already in place” among the Watson faculty — which includes a plethoric assortment of visiting and adjunct faculty and fellows — and that he would be “relying very much” on them to learn how the institute works and can improve. Emphasizing that Stallings was still the director until the summer,
Kennedy said that Watson is “in the middle of a very important transition” and promised to “continue with the agenda that she laid out.” He said he would work especially hard to strengthen Watson’s integration with the rest of the University, specifically by making joint faculty appointments. He said Stallings’ decision to resign as director, which she announced to Watson faculty last week, came as a surprise but was “very understandable.” Stallings, who has been director since 2006, will step down from that position this summer to return to the Watson’s Political Economy of Development Program, which she directed for several years, and to her own work in social and political development, she said. Kennedy would also inherit the Watson Institute director’s fundraising responsibilities, Stallings noted. The Watson Institute operates almost entirely off the return from its endowment, and grows that fund mostly by seeking contributions from wealthy alums. The institute is named for Thomas Watson Jr. ’37, a former chairman of IBM and ambassador to the Soviet Union, who founded a policy development center that was eventually incorporated into the Institute for International Studies. Before coming to Brown, Kennedy was the director of the European Law Research Center at Harvard Law School. He is an expert on international law and global governance. Kennedy, whose vice presidential office is slated to move into University Hall next year to be closer to Kertzer and President Ruth Simmons, said that plan has not changed as a result of his Watson appointment.
C ampus n ews Tuesday, April 8, 2008
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD
i n f
r e sli f e roul e tt e
BCA watching skies Brown Concert Agency will decide at 9 a.m. Thursday whether to sell additional Spring Weekend tickets. Depending on the weather, one or both of the weekend shows may be held outside, in which case extra tickets could be sold. If either show is held outside, tickets will be sold in Lower Faunce House, first to seniors, beginning at 10 a.m. Thursday, and then to all members of the Brown community Friday at 10 a.m. Sales will be limited to one per ID, though one extra ticket may be purchased with an extra ID. As of yesterday, weather forecasts showed a 30 percent chance of precipitation for Friday and a 40 percent chance for Saturday. — George Miller
By Anna Millman Staf f Writer
Kim Perley / Herald
Students waited to choose rooms, suites and apartments at the housing lottery at MacMillan 117 last night.
Prof. makes surprise Parkinson’s discovery By Zunaira Choudhary Contributing Writer
While Robert Smith, a professor of medicine at the Alpert Medical School, was researching diabetes, he discovered something key to understanding another illness — a gene that could be the link to Parkinson’s disease in patients with a family history of the disorder. Smith, the director of the Division of Endocrinology at Rhode Island Hospital, led the study with researchers at the Med School, Rhode Island Hospital and in Milan and Paris. Five years ago, Smith and his colleagues took notice of the gene, GIGYF2, while researching diabetes — his usual field of study — because it seemed that it may be involved in the production of insulin, according to a University press release. When the researchers tried to understand the functions of the protein for which the gene codes, Smith said their normal methods proved unsuccessful. The researchers then looked to the Human Genome Database to understand the function of the protein. “We asked the question: Are there any other diseases that are encoded in this region?” Smith said. According to the press release, once they found out that GIGYF2
Prof.’s grant from IBM may Jazz up collaboration
was right in the middle of a chromosomal region associated with Parkinson’s disease, “it was enough to get us diabetes people to work,” and the scientists “decided to take a risk and determine if there was a link,” he said. In the United States, about 60,000 new cases of Parkinson’s disease are diagnosed annually, in addition to the 1.5 million Americans who currently have the debilitating movement disorder, according to the National Parkinson Foundation Web site. Currently, medicines and surgery can treat the symptoms of the disease, but there is no cure, according to the Web site. In the study, researchers analyzed DNA from about 250 people with familial Parkinson’s, meaning that a parent, sibling or child also had or currently has the disease. An additional 200 healthy DNA samples from the same French and Italian populations were also studied as a control group, according to a University press release. The findings of the research, published online in the American Journal of Human Genetics on March 20, explain that the scientists found seven different mutations of gene GIGYF2 in 12 unrelated individuals with familial Parkinson’s, which accounts for 4.8
Courtesy of brown.edu
Professor of Medicine Robert Smith percent of the sample. Smith said the link between the genetic mutations of GIGYF2 and Parkinson’s disease is a “highly significant association.” Only about 10 to 30 percent of cases of Parkinson’s disease are characterized as familial, and the sporadic forms of the disease are more common, according to information cited in the study. But continued on page 7
Computer science students are used to gathering in the Center for Information Technology to work intensely on class projects. A new program a computer science professor will soon begin to test may allow students to collaborate more easily on projects — from their dorm rooms. Professor of Computer Science Steven Reiss recently won a $25,000 award to test IBM’s Jazz platform for collaborative software development, according to Karen Lilla, the media relations manager for IBM’s Rational Software division. She said IBM awarded a total of $150,000 to five universities. Jazz is a platform for software development that facilitates geographically diverse teams, Lilla said. “Jazz is a technology and a community,” shesaid, adding that the platform allows for real-time collaboration across large areas. Lilla explained that the grants will fund new ways to use the Jazz platform, which will be released this June as a product called Rational Team Concert. “Right now universities and other organizations are using Jazz technology in its early stages,” Lilla said, adding that the platform had only been opened in January. Though Reiss said he has not yet used the software, his proposal detailed a plan for using Jazz to help teaching assistants keep track of many different projects in their class groups. “We’re going to see what it can do, and if facilities are needed, we’ll create new facilities,” Reiss said. Any extensions Reiss and his team create will be provided to IBM for possible inclusion in future versions of the Rational Team software. The grant was awarded based on criteria including the innovation of the proposal, the research track
records of the applicants, and how the research would advance the Jazz technology, Lilla said. Though the award decisions were made before Christmas, Reiss said, the information was only made available publicly on March 17. Lilla said the grant is part of IBM’s tradition of working with the academic community. “It’s important for IBM to provide its industry-leading technology to students. They know that the software developers and students that are taking computer science classes now are going to be the software leaders of tomorrow,” Lilla said. Reiss, who said he has received grants from IBM before, explained that he developed his grant proposal with the concept of allowing teaching assistants to oversee many different projects at once, wherever they had internet available. “What I thought would be interesting was to let the TAs use the collaboration facility in Jazz,” to track student’s projects remotely. Reiss said that Jazz also has the potential to allow students to work on projects anywhere on campus, instead of having to meet regularly in the CIT. “Each student has their own schedule. Some like working during the day, some like working at night,” Reiss said. “It’s hard to get the whole project together, and this is a way of doing that type of collaboration where you don’t have to have them together,” he added. Reiss is planning on hiring research assistants this summer to participate in the research. At this point the platform is only available on a temporary server, Reiss said. He also said he plans on making Jazz available to any interested students, though he does not expect that any non-computer science concentrators will use the programming software. “I’m happy to make Jazz available to anyone who wants to use it,” he said.
Tuesday, April 8, 2008
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD
Hoops coach heading to Oregon State Job search complicated by academic relationships continued from page 1
from local media about his offense (“better than the Princeton offense,” he said), his love of holding early-morning practices (“5:30 is my favorite time of day”) and, of course, his famous brother-inlaw, presidential candidate Barack Obama (“at least it took four questions to get to” that question, he said, drawing laughs). Robinson, 45, leaves the Bears after leading them to a schoolrecord 19 wins and a berth in the College Basketball Invitational this season. The 2006-07 Ivy League Coach of the Year leaves his first head coaching job with a 30-28 record. The coach’s departure did not totally catch those at Brown by surprise. Robinson had been receiving media attention as his team won
games and as Obama won presidential primaries. Goldberger said he knew last year that Robinson’s stay at Brown would likely be short, even though the coach had only gone 11-18 in his first season. “After last year, Craig and I sat down and talked,” Goldberger said. “And when you’re looking at some of the salaries and some of the opportunities that are out there — I just felt that Craig knew he had star potential and I knew there might be a time” when he would have to do what was best for his family, he said. Still, Goldberger admitted that he was caught of f-guard by the Oregon State hiring, saying he thought Robinson would spend at least one more year at Brown before moving on. Chris Skrelja ’09 and team captain Mark McAndrew ’08 said play-
ers understood Robinson’s decision and were enthusiastic about the coach’s new opportunity. “Ever yone’s happy,” Skrelja said. He added that it might be tough for him to adjust to his third coach in four years, but was optimistic about the team’s outlook last year. It’s too soon to say how Robinson’s departure will affect Brown next year. The Bears seem likely to slump next year, as their two best players graduate in May. The head coach’s exit may further hinder the team, as Robinson may take assistant coaches with him to Oregon State, and as recruits may reconsider their commitments to Brown. Goldberger said Brown officials will sit down with recruits to see if they’re still interested in attending the University. Goldberger said he couldn’t disclose whether Robinson’s contract, which is worth less than $400,000 annually, had a buyout clause. Robinson has a six-year contract with a base salar y of $750,000 at Oregon State, the Oregonian reported yesterday. Robinson will take over a vastly larger program at Oregon State, which has the name recognition, media attention, athletic scholarships, famous basketball alums and fat paycheck that Brown can’t give. But he’ll also face a much bigger challenge than he did in the Ivy League. The Pac-10 is considered one of the country’s toughest conferences, and the Beavers are coming off a 6-25 season in which they went 0-18 in league play. But Goldberger, Skrelja and McAndrew said that Robinson is equipped for primetime basketball. “The Pac-10 is definitely a big jump, but not for someone who’s been as successful as Coach Robinson has been his entire life,” McAndrew said. “He’s proven that wherever he goes or whatever he does, he’s been successful.”
continued from page 1 each other, allowing the couple — who met in graduate school at the University of California at Los Angeles — to see each other frequently throughout the day. These couples have found that academic relationships have allowed them to collaborate in ways they never anticipated when they took their vows. Azier and Dal Bo said having a spouse who works in the same department has allowed them to collaborate in their work. Though the focus of their research lies in different areas— Aizer is a health and labor economist, while Dal Bo focuses on game theor y and political economy — the two are writing a paper that combines their two areas of expertise. “This is sort of a unique opportunity to get someone’s perspective from another field,” Aizer said. The project originated from their discussions about Aizer’s work on issues of domestic violence. Gradually, the couple decided to model her findings based on elements of game theor y, one of Dal Bo’s areas of interest. The result has been a positive experience, they said. Artists Edwards and Mischak recently completed what they termed their “biggest collaborative project” — turning an old firehouse into a home and studio space. Their renovated home was recently featured in the Home and Garden section of the New York Times. The unconventional and laborintensive aspects of her painting and his sculptures and installations — which often involve wrapping objects with duct tape — are reflected in the renovation project, Edwards said. The firehouse became “a big installation” that they looked at as artists, Mischak added. “Our aesthetics have come closer together” over the years and through the course of the project, Edwards said. “I think I’ve learned a lot from Jerr y and he’s learned a lot from me.” For Arnold Weinstein, the work of his wife Ann Weinstein, coordinator of the Swedish program at Brown, has informed and influenced his own interests. The two came to Brown in 1968 after graduate school when Arnold, who also teaches Scandinavian literature, was of fered a position. Ann began teaching Swedish at Brown after several students expressed interest in the language and the couple convinced the administration that there was a strong need for a Swedish program. At that point, Swedish “moved much more powerfully into my own interests,” said Arnold, who was already ver y familiar with the language. “I wouldn’t have become a Scandinavian literature scholar (other wise).” The two now often teach Swedish classes together. “It’s sor t of a mom-and-pop operation,” Ann said.
Friedberg and Weil agreed that there is a greater level of understanding between professor couples. When each spouse understands what the other does for a living, they can “enter into each other’s world,” Weil said. But the Weinsteins said there are disadvantages to being married to a fellow academic. Couples looking for positions together at the same university, they said, can often face difficulties — “the politics of hiring,” as Arnold called it. Departments control the hiring process, Arnold said, so if a couple comes from two different academic fields, difficulties may arise because one department may have an opening while the other may not. And if a particular department that wants to hire one of the spouses pressures another department to get the other spouse hired, “it gets complicated,” Ann said. Even if the couple’s interests are within the same field, there may be an opening within the department for the specialty of only one of the spouses, Arnold added. “Making appointments is the most delicate part of academic culture,” he said. “Departments are suspicious of outside requests (because) they want to make an appointment based on who they want.” And even if the couple is able to navigate the hiring hurdles, Arnold said complications can arise again when they go up for tenure. “I’m aware of a number of instances when it didn’t work, when the spouse hasn’t been able to get an appointment at Brown, or one that didn’t work out well,” Arnold said. “It’s a tightrope act.” The University has tried to be more sensitive to the issue, he said, because universities like Brown are finding that the only way to attract the best people is to be willing to accommodate their families. But there is an undercurrent to the process, he added, because depar tments want to do their own hiring so as not to have professors “coming through the side door, which is how it’s viewed.” For Friedberg and Weil, who looked for jobs together, the process has worked out well. “Departments are willing to look at couples because that can be the only way they can get the people they want,” Friedberg said, adding that more and more couples in academia are looking for jobs together. Edwards said universities can benefit from hiring married couples, who add to the community of an institution. Like the Weinsteins, Edwards and Mischak said they would like to teach a class together, but have had trouble agreeing on a topic. Mischak teaches a class about monsters at RISD, which Edwards said she isn’t interested in. “That’s a perfect example of what we might not teach,” she said.
Tuesday, April 8, 2008
Applying Parkinson’s discovery will take time continued from page 5 learning about the familial form of the disease is valuable because the genetic links are “expected to define mechanisms and new therapeutic approaches” that are relevant to other forms of Parkinson’s as well, the study says. “If we find out what the gene does — if we understand the functions of the protein — we can understand the pathways, which will give us insight,” Smith said. To determine the function of the protein coded by this gene, the research team is developing a genetically engineered mouse in which they will partially or completely eliminate GIGYF2 and “question whether it produces something like
Parkinson’s,” Smith said. By studying the physical effects of the altered gene on the mice, the scientists will gain a better understanding of the causal relationship between the gene and Parkinson’s disease, Smith said. The scientists will also study the protein in culture, Smith said, to look for changes in functionality when protein levels are raised and lowered or when mutated versions of the protein are introduced. Smith said the study’s immediate potential to be broadly applied is limited since it included subjects with familial Parkinson’s evidenced by only a few family members and the DNA was not available for all family members in question. “The ultimate breadth of applica-
tion is going to take time,” Smith said. If the researchers find a family with many individuals both affected and unaffected by Parkinson’s disease, they would be able to study the gene in question more extensively, he added. Since people who have Type 2 diabetes are twice as likely to develop Parkinson’s, Smith said the possibility of a link between the diseases is interesting. He said he plans to continue studying both diseases. “What has us most intrigued is that as we learn more about the protein, it may help us learn more about the link between diabetes and Parkinson’s or the link between diabetes and other neurodegenerative diseases,” he said. “We have the promise of bridging diseases.”
Government, Shiite militias battle in Iraq By Tina Susman Los Angeles T imes
BAGHDAD, Iraq — Three more U.S. troops were killed Monday as Iraqis struggled to bury their dead amid fierce street battles between Shiite Muslim militias and Iraqi and American soldiers. In one of the most intense days of fighting in the nation’s capital involving U.S. troops in recent months, American helicopters fired at least four Hellfire missiles and an Air Force jet dropped a bomb on a suspected militia target. Rockets and missiles launched from militia strongholds pounded U.S. bases around the city, where U.S. troops also came under fire from smallarms and rocket-propelled grenades. Targets included the Green Zone, where the U.S. Embassy and
most Iraqi government buildings are located. The latest American casualties brought to nine the number of U.S. combat deaths in Iraq since Sunday. At least 18 U.S. forces have been killed in and around Baghdad since March 25, when fighting spread to the capital following Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki’s decision to launch an offensive against Shiite militiamen in the southern city of Basra. The fighting and rising death toll are likely to raise new questions about the role of the U.S. in Iraq, and how to define progress or success, as Gen. David H. Petraeus appears before Congress on Tuesday with his latest assessment of the war. The long-awaited testimony will be before committees that include all three remaining U.S. presidential candidates: Republican John Mc-
Cain and Democrats Barack Obama and Hillary Rodham Clinton, all of whom will be afforded the chance to question the general. The fighting in Baghdad has been the most intense since January 2007, when American helicopters and warplanes blasted central Baghdad’s Haifa Street in an offensive against Sunni Arab insurgents. The following month, President Bush announced the deployment of 28,500 extra American forces to quell Iraq’s violence and give Iraqi leaders time to mend the political rivalries seen as the root of the fighting. Petraeus, the commander of U.S. forces in Iraq, is sure to be questioned about the upward spiral of American deaths and the continuing conflict between Iraqis, in his Washington appearance.
Dylan among this year’s Pulitzer winners By Diane Haithman Los Angeles T imes
How does it feel to share the limelight with rock legend Bob Dylan? This year’s Pulitzer Prizes honored two musical innovators who tend to reject categorization: A special citation went to singersongwriter Dylan, and the annual music award went to composer David Lang. In an inter view Monday, Lang enthusiastically mixed metaphors as he said, “You know, I am not fit to touch the hem of his shoes. Bob Dylan is the only artist who’s in heavy rotation in my household.” He added, “I told my children I won the Pulitzer, and they were like, `OK, big deal.’ But when I said, `OK, they gave a special award to Bob Dylan, just like me,’ they said, `Oh, this is really something.’” Dylan, 66, who said he was “in disbelief,” was cited for “his profound impact on popular music and American culture, marked by lyrical compositions of extraordinary poetic power.” His award marks the first Pulitzer given to a rock musician. Lang, 51, co-founder and co-artistic director of the New York music collective Bang on a Can, won his prize for “The Little Match Girl Passion,” which premiered Oct. 25, 2007, at Carnegie Hall in New York. The piece, Lang said, was born of his personal struggle as a Jewish composer tr ying to reconcile the fact that much of classical music is rooted in Christian tradition. “It’s a very strange thing for a
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Jewish composer like me to deal with,” he said. “The Bach St. Matthew Passion is one of the greatest pieces of all time and one that is not particularly good for the Jews.” Lang said he decided to use the text from the crowd scenes in the Bach piece and, wherever there was a reference to the Crucifixion, instead inserted a reference to the death of the little match girl from the Hans Christian Andersen tale, who froze to death in plain sight of neighbors who would not help her.
Lang, who spent his youth selling records at Tower Records and Wherehouse Records in Los Angeles, said he tries to avoid all labels for his work, including the wideopen category “new music.” “My whole life was about records,” he said, “and when you go into the record store, you see the world divided -- here’s rock ‘n’ roll, here’s jazz, here’s opera. I am someone who wakes up in the morning and goes out of his way to make sure that my work does not belong in one of those boxes.”
Clinton calling on White House to boycott Olympics By Glenn Thrush Newsday
WASHINGTON — Hillar y Rodham Clinton is calling on President Bush to boycott the opening ceremonies of this summer’s Beijing Olympics over China’s clampdown in Tibet and its support of Sudan’s leadership. Clinton’s Olympic salvo came as her campaign tried to move beyond Sunday’s sacking of top strategist Mark Penn, amid reports that Penn is telling associates he still plans to play a major role in the campaign despite being removed from a position of authority. Clinton called for Bush to skip the festivities on a day when protesters in Paris disrupted the Olympic torch’s around-the-world procession. She cited the suppression of internal protests and China’s support for Sudan, whose leaders are reported to have encouraged genocide in Darfur. Clinton isn’t backing calls for a complete boycott of the games akin to U.S. actions during the 1980 Moscow Olympics. “The Bush administration has been wrong to downplay human rights in its policy towards China,” Clinton said in a statement. “President Bush should not plan on attending the opening ceremonies in Beijing, absent major changes by the Chinese government.” Bush has said he would attend the Olympics because it’s an athletic competition, not a political event, and White House spokesman Tony Fratto said that hasn’t changed. Fratto said of China, “We have a great deal of concern
about human rights in China. ... We have never been afraid to express those views.” German Chancellor Angela Merkel, Polish Prime Minister Donald Tusk and Czech Republic President Vaclav Klaus say they won’t attend the games’ opening ceremonies. Clinton rival Barack Obama has said he is “of two minds” on the issue, saying he was hesitant to use the Olympics to protest. In a statement Monday night, he said China must change its stance on Tibet or “there should be consequences.” Clinton campaign of ficials are regrouping after the stunning Sunday news that Bill and Hillary Clinton forced Penn out. The Clintons were incensed when reports surfaced that Penn was meeting with Colombian officials to promote free-trade agreement in his role as chief of a major public relations firm -- even though Clinton opposes the pact. As Clinton was distancing herself from him, Penn was reportedly reassuring corporate clients that his departure didn’t mean he had been cut out of campaign decision-making. “I’ll continue to play a role advising Senator Clinton and former President Clinton,” he said on a conference call, according to a participant’s account on the Huffington Post blog. Later, a top Clinton adviser confirmed that Penn will continue to participate in top-level discussions -- but added that his removal was “a big deal” and that he’d been barred from conference calls with repor ters and post-debate spin sessions.
Tuesday, April 8, 2008
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Equestrian writes ticket to Los Angeles Women’s water polo plays four games, winning four continued from page 12
place finish left Brown alone in third place and only three points behind the leaders, Stonehill and Massachusetts. After another fourth-place finish, this time by Stephanie Carmack ’08 in Walk Trot Canter, the Bears were four points behind Stonehill for second place with only two events to go. “Saturday was ver y tense. When I was getting ready to ride, I was aware that we were in third place and that I really needed to show well for the team to stay in the running,” Shen wrote. “My teammates were really helpful in dealing with the pressure. I was happy with how I rode, but was still ner vous about the day’s outcome when I finished.” Knowing how badly her team needed points, Shen came through
for the Bears with a second-place finish in Walk Trot, earning a huge point that left the Bears three points behind Stonehill for second place. Shen’s point set the table for Keefe to be the hero and secure the team a trip to Nationals if she won the blue ribbon in the last event of the day. “When we were aware that our team needed (Keefe) to finish first to go to Nationals, we were completely confident that Whitney would be able to get us there,” Shen wrote. The Bears’ confidence in Keefe was well placed, as she took the blue ribbon in Open Flat. Keefe’s first-place put the Bears in a tie with Stonehill for second place, but the Bears won the berth to Nationals by virtue of the blueribbon tiebreaker, as Brown had won three blue ribbons on the day compared to Stonehill’s two.
The second-place finish earned the Bears a trip to IHSA Nationals in Los Angeles, from May 8 to 11. This will be the second straight year the team has competed at Nationals, as well as a second chance for Keefe to win the Open Flat title in the individual competition. Keefe earned the chance to compete as an individual at Nationals after taking second-place in the individual competition on Saturday. Keefe finished second in Open Flat at Nationals last year. “In preparation for Nationals, we’re practicing all the time, on different horses and with different instructors. We’re staying in good shape and keeping ver y focused on doing well in Los Angeles,” Shen wrote. “I think that our team is going to be ver y competitive at Nationals, and we’re all working really hard to make sure we show well.”
W. lax puts aside friendships, beats Lions continued from page 12 Vitkus. Nunn’s goal “was our first of the second half,” Vitkus said. “We went in at halftime up and then having her score that goal sparked us.” Columbia’s Gabrielle Geronimos scored a minute later, but Brown, not wanting another close game, responded with three more goals to put the score at 10-6 with
less than two minutes remaining. “We all had the same mentality of not settling and capitalizing on the opportunities that we had,” Vitkus said. Geronimos, with a season-high of three goals, scored her and the Lions’ final goal with 1:24 remaining. But Brown had the last say when with 49 seconds left Alexa Caldwell ’11 tallied one more to make the final score 11-7.
“We were able to gain momentum in the second half,” Vitkus said. “At halftime, we all had the same mentality that we could play better than how we were playing in terms of the team coming out a little slow.” The team says it’s fired up and “looking for ward to another Ivy game” as it moves further into the season this Friday when it matches up against Cornell at 5 p.m. at home.
continued from page 12 the comeback. Presant finished with five goals and four steals and Laing posted five saves. Glick and Wohlmuth had two goals apiece while Katherine Stanton ’11 knocked one in as well. “The games against Maryland and Bucknell were very physical,” Presant said. In their second game of the day, the Bears pulled off another comeback, this time against No. 20 Bucknell, winning 9-8 in double overtime. Tied 3-3 at the half, Bruno went down 7-3 after the third quarter and down a player as well as Glick fouled out. Presant took over, scoring all four of her goals in the fourth, and despite also losing Wohlmuth to a foul out, Brown outscored the Bison 5-1 to send the game into overtime. Neither team could muster a goal in the first overtime, and then Brown was dealt another blow when Presant fouled out late in the second overtime, leaving Brown with no one on the bench for substitutions. “I tried not to freak out about it when our players kept fouling out, knowing we didn’t have any subs,” Mercado said. “I just believed the six girls in the water were going to do everything in their power to win the game. … Everyone on this team believes in each other.” With 17 seconds left, Mercado called a timeout to set up the last shot for Blaxberg. She got one off that the Bucknell goalie tipped out of bounds, setting up a “corner kick” for Brown. When the ball was thrown in, “one of the girls from Bucknell grabbed one of our girls and pulled her into the water,” Mercado said. He said this play gave Brown a penalty shot with no time left in the second overtime. “It was the right call.” Blaxberg converted the penalty shot to extend Brown’s win streak to three games. “The win against Bucknell was
just awesome,” Presant said. “To have your senior scoring the winning goal is just awesome.” Laing stayed strong, making eight saves during their game and a half of play, and Blaxberg finished with three goals while Rory Stanton ’09 and Wohlmuth chipped in one each. The final win of the weekend came against George Washington on Sunday. Presant lead the way once again with five goals, outscoring the entire Colonial team, while chipping in two assists. Glick’s three goals also helped pace Bruno to an 11-4 victory. The Bears took control early with a 3-0 lead in the first quarter, and the defense took care of the rest. Stanton registered five steals as well as a goal and an assist, while Wohlmuth drew four ejections along with a goal. For her efforts, Presant was named CWPA North Player of the Week for the second straight week. She totaled 14 goals to add to her team-leading season total of 62. “It was a lot of fun, we really enjoyed winning,” Presant said. “It made all of us proud to be Brown water polo players.” The Bears are now in second in the CWPA North with three games left before playoffs. They are back in action for their first “home” meet at Wheaton College on Saturday, taking on the current league leader, No. 14 Hartwick, at 7 p.m. Brown lost to Hartwick earlier in March, 20-8. It will be a homecoming of sorts for Mercado, as he coached under Hartwick Head Coach Alan Huckins last year before coming to Brown, but that will not be an issue for him on Saturday. “Our opponent doesn’t even matter; we’re just going to go out there and hustle for four quarters,” Mercado said. “At this point (our coaching relationship is) kind of irrelevant. I hope a lot of people come and watch. When we played at Hartwick, I saw what (having 300 fans) did for them.”
Tuesday, April 8, 2008
Prov.’s oldest museum home seeks more modern approval continued from page 3 are becoming “less aware of the past,” she says, as public schools have begun putting more emphasis on developing writing and math skills than learning about local history. Important figures like Hopkins who played a role in “creating America” are fading into “this hazy time of ‘long before,’” Trunzo says. Trunzo says revamping the Hopkins house is a “great place to begin” highlighting New England’s rich colonial history. Some experts believe that the most important aspect of the reinvention is the research to discover details about the personal lives of Hopkins, his family and his slaves. Professor of American Civilization, Steven Lubar said the personal stories would “bring (the house) to life.” He said though the house looks “plain” on the outside, it has “great potential” to be “a good histor yteaching location.” “The more personal stories we have, the more excited people will get about it,” said Morgan Grefe PhD’05, director of the Newell D. Goff Center for Education and Public Programming at the Rhode Island Historical Society. Three years ago Grefe worked
to transform the John Brown house — another historic home on Power St. — from a “decorative arts museum to a social history museum,” she said. She used documents to reveal the Brown family’s involvement with the slave trade to shift the focus from the “furniture to the life of the people on the house” — similar to what Hardy is doing with the Hopkins house. Indeed, the Hopkins house is a treasure trove of interesting facts, rumors and stories. Whether it’s the first edition copy of Milton’s “Paradise Lost” in one of its bedrooms, or a wooden box with four glass flasks kept in the parlor, rumored to be Washington’s gift to Hopkins — each corner of the house has a history of its own. Facts don’t always create history, Hardy said, adding that she would like to discover details about Hopkins’ personal life, about the man “behind the man who signed the Declaration.” “He and Benjamin Franklin were very close,” Hardy said. “What kind of relationship did he have with Franklin? Did they laugh? Did they tell jokes? Did they have a drink together? Did they debate about freedom from England? Those are the kinds of things that people want to know.”
Carcieri ’65 weighs in on stopping state’s obesity continued from page 3 more and more children with Type 2 diabetes,” Martone said. “It’s because of sedentary lifestyles and poor nutrition.” In January, the Rhode Island legislature passed a bill to change the food options at public schools. Eliza Lawson, program manager at the Initiative for a Healthy Weight, said schools have started offering more fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Soda will be replaced with low-fat milk.
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The campaign also encourages businesses to improve the health of their employees, which will reduce their healthcare costs in the long run, Risica said. The state has succeeded in getting state employees to exercise and wants businesses to do the same, Martone said. The food offered by restaurants is also of concern to the campaign. “We as a population need to order the healthy options,” Risica said. “We need to let them know they will not lose money by offering healthy foods.”
Thanks for reading.
Singer ’09: Life, Burger King and hoops continued from page 12 the only kid who would urge my parents to go to McDonald’s because I wanted to collect all of the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles Movie Happy Meal figures. It’s good business for the restaurant and the company it’s promoting: McDonald’s gets paid to make the figurines by the company that produces the TMNT movie, more kids want to come to McDonald’s to get the figurines, and other kids already at McDonald’s just got a cool toy and now want to see the movie. One could argue that despite the NFL’s attempts to grow the sport internationally with games in England and China, and with the additional investments in fast
food venues such as Burger King, there’s just no place in Europe for American sports. After all, as the one Spanish guy in the bar watching the Super Bowl said, “I don’t understand why you guys like this so much; there are so many breaks in the action.” But not too long ago, few people in Spain could tell you what basketball was. Today, Pau Gasol routinely makes front page headlines in Barcelona and one of the premier NBA websites, Hoopshype.com, is run by three Spaniards in Madrid. What’s clear is that the trend in American cultural advertising abroad is already well established. MTV in Spain is almost 90 percent American pop songs, Hollywood produces an even greater percentage of the movies shown in theaters here, and you can’t travel more than
a few stops on the Metro without seeing somebody sporting a Kevin Garnett or Jose Calderon jersey. Some aspects of American culture are hip and trendy just because they’re American, unlike, say, our government. And though Burger King may be a massive international corporation at this point, its image still remains as one of the primary American fast food chains. So even if the games of football and baseball never catch on, chances are you’ll see Spaniards sporting Bill Belichick hoodies before you’ll see a fairly priced, non-soggy Whopper.
Ben Singer ’09 wants to see Peyton Manning do a Spanish advertisement. “¡Corta ese carne!”
New immigration order garners criticism continued from page 3 $350 million a year, Gorman said. Because illegal immigrants are sometimes forced to accept jobs below minimum wage, they may be more likely to be hired over legal workers who would make closer to $12 dollars an hour, he said. Gorman also argued that “a large portion of the money (illegal immigrants make) is being sent home to their countries — taken directly out of the U.S. economy and sent somewhere else.” Gorman estimated the number of illegal immigrants in Rhode Island is much higher than the 20,000 to 40,000 figure that Car-
cieri gave in his executive order and could be as high as 100,000. “In 2006 the Guatemalan consulate here in Rhode Island said there were 40,000 Guatemalans (living in state),” Gorman said, adding that the Guatemalan population in 2000 was only 9,000. Federation for American Immigration Reform press secretary Bob Dane said his organization estimates Rhode Island has close to 25,000 illegal immigrants. Rhode Island gained 18,000 new immigrants between 2000 and 2006, Dane said. Several Brown students attended Thursday’s protest, including Providence SDS members Naima
Brown ’08 and Mael Vizcarra ’09. Vizcarra, who attended Thursday’s protest, said “people are going to keep protesting until justice is served.” Students should discover Providence and its “huge Latino population,” said Brown, who also attended the protest. Some students “don’t even take the time to see what kind of city they live in.” The University does not record whether staff and faculty are foreign-born, but it does require job applicants to fill out I-9 forms, which verify their legal status, according to Wendy Lawton, a Brown spokeswoman.
E ditorial & L etters Page 10
Tuesday, April 8, 2008
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Staf f Editorial
A timeless tug The Center for Environmental Studies is unlike many other departments on campus. Housed in the Urban Environmental Lab — a carriage house turned student residence turned cozy academic department on Angell Street — its visitors and users enjoy a genuine home in which they can carry out research, study or hold class. The mass of international relations concentrators, used to sitting in Watson’s pristine lobbies as they await meetings with professors, may not recognize the UEL as an academic department. No waiting rooms here. Wanderers enter the house via its greenhouse, and can meander upstairs to visit professors after grabbing tea in its downstairs kitchen. The only physical obstacles to visiting a professor’s office — in particular, for taller students — are the low, lofted beds near the entrance to some, leftovers from the department’s residential days. But the UEL could soon be no more. The house, turned eco-friendly residence from the old carriage house by students’ hands in 1982, now finds itself amid emptying plots, construction rubble and plans to build the University’s Mind Brain Behavior building where the house currently sits. Though the University has identified sites where the UEL could be transplanted, it has also said that the MBB building is an important enough project that it would go ahead with it even if the UEL’s future is not determined. Brown and Providence have an admirable and long-standing commitment to preservation of historical property. Brown’s campus boasts many old homes, and the UEL has an added layer of historical significance given its 1982 renovation, which made it environmentally friendly in an era that did not expect buildings to meet green standards. Sadly, all that can reasonably be preserved of the UEL is its history. The sheer price of relocating the historical home is too great, given the immediate budget concerns of the University. Today’s students need increased financial aid; their professors, research budgets; their facilities, modern improvements — the list goes on. The millions that would be needed to transplant a structure of yesterday could be better spent enhancing the educational experience of College Hill today. Of course, letting the UEL go cannot set a precedent of disregard for all old buildings as new ones come to town. The educational experience, even with monetary injections for aid and research, would suffer without an appreciation of local history and these cozy houses for students and faculty to interact. But we cannot justify the high cost of physically moving the UEL given the other demands on the University now. Instead, as the UEL faces being swept under as a newer, bigger building comes in, we ask those who call Brown home to take the chance to visit the historical site. The limbo in which the UEL now finds itself is a timeless tug between two desires — to preserve the past and to advance into the future. In this case, the most reasonable option is to move ahead while enjoying the past as it remains with us.
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O pinions Tuesday, April 8, 2008
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD
Making a statement: Boycotting the Olympic Opening Ceremony BY dan davidson Guest Columnist With the world preparing for the most celebrated competition in sport, speculations about an Olympic boycott by major Western nations have become prevalent in the media. While most leaders have remained silent or impartial on the issue, it is important that they begin considering the possibility of a boycott. Many Chinese policies, from their involvement in arming Sudanese perpetrating genocide in Darfur to their policy towards Tibet, are deserving of condemnation. The Olympics provide the perfect opportunity for nations like ours to show the Chinese government the seriousness with which we treat issues like human rights abuse. A partial boycott of the Olympics is a necessary and important step governments can take to show China that world opinion does not favor their most despicable policies. A United States boycott would not be founded on mere economic and security concerns related to China’s rise to world prominence. There are major social and political issues that our government should take a stand on, with the help of the huge Olympic stage. Nicholas Kristof reminded an audience in Sayles last week that the Chinese are the main provider of arms to the Sudanese government, which has made the genocide in Darfur markedly easier to carry out. China’s policy against Tibet, particularly recent violence meant to intimidate dissenters, has been generally unfair. And
within the country itself, records on environmentalism and human rights are weak. Given the great variety and number of issues in need of addressing, a boycott would be completely warranted, especially given the precedent set by the 1980 boycott of the Moscow games. Some have raised the possibility of a complete boycott of the games. This would be a serious error. As important as it is to make a statement about certain Chinese policies,
mony would make a statement without hurting our athletes. While the economic damage a full boycott could do gives it more teeth than a boycott of just the opening ceremony, the value of a partial boycott should not be underestimated. The opening ceremony may not have much to do with athletic competition, the defining element of the Olympics, but it is an opportunity for the host country to put itself on display for the whole world to see. Recall the brilliance
A partial boycott of the Olympics is a necessary and important step for governments to take to show China that world opinions does not favor their most despicable policies. it would be unconscionable to do so at the expense of our athletes. To compete in the Olympic Games is the greatest honor for an athlete, and many only get one shot. Taking away an Olympic opportunity from our nation’s best would be irresponsible. A partial boycott of just the opening cere-
of the opening ceremony in Sydney, which certainly lent itself to positive perceptions of Australia throughout the world. Conversely, the notable absence of countries like the United States at Beijing’s opening ceremony would be a major embarrassment for the Chinese government, and would put a damper on what
would otherwise be a golden opportunity for it to revel in the limelight without having to confront ugly issues. A potential problem with this is that our own government commits actions worthy of international outrage, and a boycott may be nothing more than a tremendous act of hypocrisy. Although the relative severity of our actions may be debated, the world could easily point to our own reluctance to deal with Darfur, invasion of Iraq and suspension of various civil liberties as similar to the very actions we intend to condemn. Nevertheless, by boycotting the games we would be doing nothing more than making a statement of our opinions on Chinese policy. Any country that wishes to make a statement about our own agenda can do so freely. By accepting the honor of hosting the Olympics, the Chinese have also accepted the scrutiny of the world. It was their own choice to put themselves in the spotlight, and if they are embarrassed on the world stage by the world’s nations they must deal with it as a foreseeable consequence. In the end, it is doubtful that our government will take any action and boycott the opening ceremony. But with some European nations strongly considering the possibility, let us hope that the United States follows suit. China will suffer nothing more than embarrassment, but the message will be clear; the world has taken notice of their most egregious policies, and does not approve.
Dan Davidson ’11 is willing to brave the smog if anyone has extra Olympics tickets
‘A moral figleaf:’ A partial Olympic boycott falls short BY amanda bauer Opinions Columnist For those of you who don’t read the New York Times every single morning in the Ratty (guilty), there have been protests over the past several weeks by Tibetans in the wake of the 49th anniversary of the failed 1959 bid for Tibetan independence. The demonstrators have been protesting against the Chinese government, which has had control over Tibet since the early 20th century. The Chinese government has been cracking down on the protestors, and there have been estimates that between 100 and 200 people have been killed by the police. Most recently, according to the Tibetan Centre for Human Rights, the Chinese police fired on a crowd of hundreds of protestors on Thursday April 2 in the Sichuan Province along the Tibetan border. The police killed between eight and 15 of the protestors who were demonstrating against the arrest of two monks (apparently for having photos of the Dalai Lama in their residences). It is difficult to confirm the death toll because the news agencies such as Xinhua are government-run. After the protests on April 2, for example, Xinhua reported that the protestors were rioting and attacked government buildings, prompting police to fire into the crowd, while Tibetan activists claim that the Tibetans were peacefully demonstrating. The real question in face of this violence is,
what can we do about it? The United States has had a reputation for sticking its nose in other countries’ business for many years, and we have in fact become notorious for it. In this case, however, the leaders of other countries around the world have demonstrated in protest of China’s actions. French President Nicolas Sarkozy, for example, has made statements that he will not attend the opening ceremony of this summer’s Olympic Games in Beijing
should not rule out threatening China with an Olympic boycott if violence continues in Tibet.” I do not know, however, that this ultimately would be the right solution. A full boycott of the games would be extremely unfair to the athletes who have worked for years to be in the Olympics this summer. When the United States boycotted the 1980 Moscow Olympics (because the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan), there were athletes who
Simply protesting the opening ceremonies seems too understated to be considered a protest of much substance. unless China opens a dialogue with the Dalai Lama, ends the violence against Tibetans and reports the truth about Tibetan events. Other world leaders have made similar statements of protest. Nancy Pelosi, the U.S. Speaker of the House, as well as about 15 other congressmen, have urged President Bush to refuse to attend the opening ceremony. In a similar vein, it has come into question whether countries should boycott the Olympics completely. For example, the president of the European parliament said “European countries
made it to the games and were not allowed to compete, and some never made it back four years later. On the other hand, a partial boycott, wherein the world leaders simply refuse to attend the opening ceremony, is problematic for the philosophy of the Olympic Games. Part of the spirit of the Olympics is the coming together of the whole gamut of ethnicities, nationalities, religions and ideas in one place to celebrate the world’s athletes. The games bring up discussion among countries about world relations
and promote dialogue between the members of different countries. Besides, if the point of a boycott is to point the world’s eyes toward the goings-on in China and Tibet, the games will already do so. Furthermore, if one were committed to the idea of a boycott, a partial one would be too weak. Simply protesting the opening ceremonies seems too understated to be considered a protest of much substance. As a pro-Tibet German group (the Tibet Initiative Deutschland) stated, boycotting the ceremony is only a “moral fig leaf,” and is not a big enough step. The group proposed instead that the International Olympic Committee threaten to take away the Olympics from China. Though this solution seems the most drastic, I feel that it would have the greatest effect on the Chinese government because taking away the Olympics not only removes the country of prestige but also a great deal of economic income. Though this may only be a thorn in the side of the fastestgrowing economy in the world, it would strike straight through the heart of their pride. Whatever other countries around the world decide to do, the United States had better protest the Chinese government’s oppression of the Tibetans in some manner. The fact that President Bush still has not made any formal comment on the matter is completely hypocritical — wasn’t it only five years ago that he wanted to “bring democracy” to another country?
Amanda Bauer ’10 secretly wants to leave Brown to go help free Tibet from the People’s Republic
S ports T uesday Page 12
Tuesday, April 8, 2008
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD
Water polo grabs four weekend wins
Have it our way
well in the first half. “It’s not that we’re bad in the first half,” Kelly said. “It’s just that we’re more fluid in the second.” Columbia initiated the scoring 3:14 into the game, but Brown countered with two of its own from Kelly and Noelle Digioia ’09. The goals, both off free position shots, gave them a 2-1 lead 9:55 in. The Lions tied the game a little more than three minutes later, but Brown gained the lead for the half with Kelly’s second goal 20:47 in, followed by Vitkus’ first of the day with less than two minutes remaining until the intermission. After a Brown goal following the break, the Lions went on a run with three straight goals, tying the game at five. This was the first time since the middle of the first half that Columbia wasn’t trailing. But after a timeout, the Bears regrouped and were ready for their own chance to attack. “We refocused and stuck to what we were doing,” said Head Coach Keely McDonald ’00. Brown started off their comeback with two back-to-back unassisted goals, the first from Jess Nunn ’09 and the second from
I was feeling hungry late one night last weekend, so I finally decided to see what Burger King in Spain was like. But right as I took my food to my table and sat down, I could tell something was off. It wasn’t my Whopper con queso, which looked soggy but fine. And it wasn’t the fact Ben Singer High Notes that it cost me almost seven dollars; U.S. currency is better used as napkins these days. I looked around the restaurant to try and figure out what it was, and then I saw it. It was the walls. Rather, what was painted on them. Throughout the entire restaurant, photographs of American sports were plastered everywhere you looked. One was a dramatic depiction of a Little League baseball game where a kid was sliding into home plate next to a catcher, with an umpire giving a vigorous “You’re out!” arm motion. Another showed two high school football teams fully clad in bright red and orange uniforms lining up for a snap. Only when I left the restaurant later did I notice the enormous, flaming baseball with the words “Come in!” in large, neon yellow font in the front entrance window. That one still confuses me. OK Ben, images of kids playing baseball and football are pretty mundane. What are you getting at? Two things. First, nobody in Spain plays or watches American football or baseball. Second, when have you ever seen pictures of kids playing football or baseball in U.S. Burger Kings? Basically, Burger King is trying to promote American sports in Europe. I’m no master of syllogisms, but it makes sense to me. Burger King sells food. Kids eat food. Kids go to Burger King. If you show pictures of kids playing baseball and American football instead of professional athletes, then the kids eating at the restaurant are more likely to think it’s something they can do, and they’ll probably be more interested. Why target kids? Because adults already have established sports preferences, have less free time and, as the Pokémon epidemic proved, less attraction to bright, neon pictures. Intrigued by what I saw and having more free time than your average adult, I decided to consult the most reputable source I could think of: Google. I didn’t find anything about why Spanish Whoppers are soggy, but I did come across this in a 2005 sportbusiness.com story: “Burger King in Germany will be delivering a new MLB promotion in restaurants nationwide, as part of continuing efforts to promote baseball outside the U.S.” “Two million special edition MLB tray-liners will promote the upcoming MLB playoffs and coverage on German broadcaster Premiere,” according to sportbusiness.com. Two million trays is a lot of subliminal advertising. Apparently this thing is deeper than I thought. However, it’s really not that different from any other fast food promotional campaign. I hope I wasn’t
continued on page 8
continued on page 9
By Amy Ehrhart Spor ts Editor
After a rough-and-tumble spring break, the women’s water polo team (9-12) stormed the competition this past weekend, taking home two come-from-behind wins and two easy wins against CWPA North opponents. On Thursday night, the Bears downed Connecticut College 16-8 with a balanced attack, scoring four goals each quarter. With an 8-3 lead at the half, the Bears shut out the Camels in the third and coasted on the scoring of Sarah Glick ’10 and captain Alexis Blaxberg ’08. Blaxberg put up five goals, many coming from Glick’s seven assists, and the senior added two assists and two steals as well. Glick scored four and stole three along with her plethora of assists. “I knew we were going to play well; the California trip definitely helped us out,” said Head Coach Felix Mercado. Herald Senior Staff Writer Joanna Wohlmuth ’11 scored three goals and Emily Schwartz ’08 added two goals. Stephanie Laing ’10 made three saves in net. Bruno had to fight a little harder for its 10-9 win against Maryland to open up its Saturday competition. They were down 4-2 at halftime, and trailed by as much as three in the third quarter before turning the game around. Having lost 10-8 and 12-7 to the Terps earlier in the season, the Bears came out hungry for revenge in the fourth. Schwartz made two key steals that lead to two Brown goals to anchor continued on page 8
Courtesy of Emily Cole
Whitney Keefe ’08 led the Bears to their second consecutive trip to Nationals by winning two blue ribbons in the Zone One Championship on Saturday.
Equestrian earns its second trip to Nationals By Megan McCahill Assistant Spor ts Editor
At the Zone 1 Regional Championship in South Hadley, Mass., on Saturday, the equestrian team its winning streak in dramatic fashion, finishing second by virtue of a tiebreaker and advancing to the Intercollegiate Horse Show Association’s National Championship for the second straight year. Earlier in the year, the team watched its 19-point region lead shrink to just one point as it entered its last regular season show, but it snatched a first-place finish at the show to advance to Zones. On Saturday, the stakes were even higher, as the team
needed to finish in the top two to move on to Nationals. The Bears got off to a great star t on Saturday as Whitney Keefe ’08 continued her excellent riding in pressure situations, earning a blue ribbon in Open Fences that gave Brown an early first-place lead in the show. Earlier this season, when the Bears were in a must-win situation at their last show of the year, Keefe stepped up and won two blue ribbons that helped secure Brown’s Region One Championship and the chance to compete Saturday. “Whitney was really a star on Saturday,” wrote Kona Shen ’10 in an e-mail to The Herald. “She has been riding spectacularly all
year and this judge was very rigorous in testing her abilities.” While Keefe was able to stand up to such rigorous judging, the Brown riders that followed her were unable to do the same. After Keefe’s win, three Bears — Rachel Griffith ’10, Emily Bourdeau ’10 and Allegra Aron ’11 — all earned four th-place ribbons. Their respective four th-place finishes in Intermediate Fences, Novice Fences and Intermediate Flat put the Bears in a tie with Mount Ida for third place. Dakota Gruener ’11 was able to get the Bears back in the running by earning a blue ribbon in Novice Flat. Gruener’s firstcontinued on page 8
W. lax wins three in a row By Whitney Clark Spor ts Editor
Ashley Hess / Herald
Lauren Vitkus’ ’09 three goals against Columbia on Sunday led the Bears to their third victory in a row. Their 11-7 win was the first time in five years the Bears had defeated the Lions by more than one goal.
With her best friend from home, Brittany Shannon, on the opposing team, Kara Kelly ’10 had a good reason to come out strong in the Bears’ game against Columbia on Saturday at Lawrence Wien Stadium in New York. “She’s one of their leading scorers, so that probably helped,” Kelly said. Shannon is the Lions’ second-leading scorer, but the Bears held her to only two goals on Saturday. The rest of the team found other reasons to trample the Lions over the weekend. This game marks the first time in the past five years that Brown has beat Columbia by more than one goal. “We realized we had the ability to put the goals away at the end,” said Lauren Vitkus ’09, Brown’s leading scorer who tallied three goals against Columbia. “We didn’t want to be satisfied with a one-goal victory.” After its 11-7 win, the Bears’ record improved to 5-5, 2-1 in the Ivy League, while the Lions’ record fell to 3-7 and 0-5 in the league. Despite this season’s history of starting slow, the Bears played