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Volume CXLI, No. 33

An independent newspaper serving the Brown community since 1891 CRITICAL CONDITION The Critical Review attempts to overcome budget restraints and poor professor reponse rates CAMPUS NEWS 5

SERVICE SURGE Providence Today, Part II: City jobs have increased over the past decade with a rise in service sector openings METRO 3

REPLACING RUTH Jacob Schuman ’08: If Ruth goes, Harvard President Larry Summers is the logical replacement OPINIONS 11



showers 55 / 30

showers 43 / 26

Coalition forms to save the Brown Bookstore BY MELANIE DUCH SENIOR STAFF WRITER

Just three days after the University Bookstore Review Committee issued a report recommending the Brown Bookstore be outsourced, a coalition dedicated to saving the bookstore’s independence organized and launched a Web site. The Save the Bookstore Coalition has gained local support from, among others, Professor of History Gordon Wood and Ward 1 City Councilman David Segal and has attracted backers from as far away as Texas. Since the Web site was launched on March 6, the coalition has grown to include over 120 politicians, students, professors, local community activists and alums. The Web site — which includes an official Save the Bookstore blog and a “mythbusters” fact sheet — receives an average of 2,800 hits per day, according to Brian Sweeney GS, the coalition’s media contact. The coalition, which is not affiliated with the Brown Bookstore, was started by a group of University graduate students following a meeting between members of the committee and the Graduate Student Council. Members of the GSC “were very dissatisfied with some answers that were given” to their questions about the recom-

mendation, Sweeney said. The GSC soon passed a resolution opposing outsourcing of the bookstore, and the coalition was born shortly after. “This time last week we didn’t exist,” said Sian Roberts GS, co-chair of the coalition. “Last Saturday a few of us grumbled about the recommendation. By Monday, I was phoning (council members), community members, David Segal. I was on the phone and e-mail the whole day.” Roberts said the coalition believes the detrimental effects of outsourcing the bookstore will affect both the Brown community and the larger Providence community. Concerns among members of the Brown community include a potential rise in textbook prices and the possible unwillingness of a large corporation such as Barnes and Noble to cater to the University’s specific needs. Roberts said Barnes and Noble often sells textbooks to students at prices up to 5 to 7 percent above list prices. “Even if you compare textbook prices to the Barnes and Noble Web site, the ones in the university bookstores (owned by Barnes and Noble) are higher. You’re really see BOOKSTORE, page 9

Student thwarts would-be robbers near Waterman and Hope streets BY ROSS FRAZIER SENIOR STAFF WRITER

Two males attempted to mug Ben Donahue ’09 last night around 11 p.m. as the first-year was walking from the Olney-Margolies Athletic Center to Perkins Hall. Donahue — who had just spent nearly two hours practicing martial arts and learning how to defend himself against multiple assailants — put his skills to use during the attempted robbery when he fought off the two men. Donahue, who was not injured during the incident, told The Herald one tall white male and one black male, who was of average height and “stocky,” came up behind him at the corner of Waterman and Hope streets and asked for his money. “My initial thought was, ‘I’m a college student. I don’t have any money. I can give you meal credits, but no money,’” Donahue said. “I ended up just telling them ‘No.’” The two men, who Donahue said were wearing black hooded sweatshirts, pushed him into a bush. Donahue said he reacted by spinning around and kicking one man in the stomach, “knocking the wind out of him.” The man was wheezing and hunched over in pain, Donahue said. Donahue said he then used his Hap Ki Do skills to neutralize the other assailant, injuring the man’s arm and causing the bone to stick out of his bloody appendage. Both men then walked off “briskly,” cursing him, Donahue said. “I kept on going to Perkins, but I did so a bit faster because I was kind of concerned the guys might have had 20 friends around the corner,” Donahue said. At first, Donahue said he was hesitant to call the police because he was worried about being charged with assault, but he ultimately decided to do so because he knew he acted

in self-defense. Donahue said he was not threatened with a weapon, though he does not know if the assailants were armed or not. Officers from the Providence Police Department and the Department of

Editorial: 401.351.3372 Business: 401.351.3260

see CRIME, page 4

Jean Yves Chainon / Herald

From left to right, Lamia Khan ’08, Malika Ali ’09, Khairieh Abbas GS and Noor Najeeb ’09 are some of the University’s Muslim women who choose to wear the traditional hijab, or veil.

Choosing the headscarf

Female Muslim students dispel veiling stereotypes BY REBECCA JACOBSON SENIOR STAFF WRITER

When Lamia Khan ’08 returned to campus for the spring semester, she worried how classmates might FEATURE perceive her change in attire. She was concerned she might be discriminated against or judged. Khan had not dyed her hair or pierced her nose; instead, she had donned the hijab, a scarf worn around the head by Muslim women worldwide. “I was really worried before I started wearing it, but I feel like it’s fine now,” Khan said. “The transition hasn’t been nearly as hard as I thought it would be. People have asked me questions, but everyone’s really supportive.” Before making her decision, Khan thought about wearing the hijab for nearly six months. She said though she had always respected women who wore it, she had few female relatives who did. Once

she came to college, she said she began to learn more about Islam and think more seriously about its place in her life. Khan spent her winter break reading about the Koran’s expectations concerning modest dress. She said that after much introspection, she decided wearing a scarf would strengthen her personal devotion to God. When she returned to campus, several of her friends from the Brown Muslim Students’ Association threw her a scarf party — she now has “a huge collection,” Atena Asiaii ’08 said. Khan may be one of the few women to don the hijab after arriving at Brown, but she is in the company of other hijabi, or Muslim women who wear a headscarf. Qadira Abdul-Ali ’06 estimated only seven or eight students at Brown wear the hijab, but she said this feels like a “drastic increase.” Abdul-Ali, who has worn a scarf for almost seven years, said she was one see HIJAB, page 9

Opening the doors of the president’s house BY KAM SRIPADA STAFF WRITER

An unassuming brick building set back from the street by wrought iron fences, the president’s house, located at 55 Power St., is both a gathering place for members of the Brown community and forms a chapter of Brown’s history on College Hill. Since assuming the presidency in 2001, President Ruth Simmons has used her “wonderful house” to make ties between people on campus and outside guests drawn in by events. The Gregorian Revival-style house has a central, three-story section flanked by two-story wings. Once inside, guests encounter a marble fireplace, marble floors and a spiral staircase. Around the house, the landscaped lawn provides room for larger gatherings and features a recessed grass patio. Designed by William Aldrich and originally built in 1922 as the home of Rush Sturges, the house was sold to the University by the Sturges family in 1947, according to Encyclopedia Brunoniana. President Henry Wriston was the first University president to reside in the house. In 1970, a later resident, the wife

Kam Sripada / Herald

President Ruth Simmons has lived in this Gregorian Revival-style house on Power Street since assuming her position in 2001. of President Donald Horning, comment- here to this advice, frequently opening ed that the house is so large, it “needs a her house to student groups and comlot of people.” munity members as well as more notable guests of the University. An evening at 55 Power St. see PRESIDENT, page 6 Today, Simmons said she tries to ad-

195 Angell Street, Providence, Rhode Island

News tips:


TO D AY ’ S E V E N TS “TIME TO ABANDON DARWIN?” 4 p.m. , (Faculty Club) — Professor of Biology Ken Miller ’70 P ’02 will speak about the new battle over evolution.

“THE FUTURE OF CHOICE IN AMERICA” 7 p.m. , (Salomon 101) — Sarah Weddington, the lawyer who won Roe v. Wade, will speak at this lecture sponsored by the Brown Democrats.

EATING DISORDERS AND BODY IMAGE SUPPORT MEETING 5:40 p.m., (Sarah Doyle Women’s Center 204) — Discuss body image issues at this confidential and student-run meeting.

SHAKESPEARE ON THE GREEN AUDITIONS 8 p.m. , (Wilson 203) — Audition for Shakespeare on the Green’s Spring Festival, which will feature “Henry IV” by William Shakespeare and “Dead White Males” by David Williamson.

MENU SHARPE REFECTORY LUNCH — Fried Fish Sandwich with Tartar Sauce, Parslied Rice, Marinated Artichoke Veggie Melange, Pancakes, French Toast, Paprika Potatoes, Grilled Sausage Patties, Hard Boiled Eggs, Chocolate Cake with White Frosting, Cherry Tarts with Bavarian Cream DINNER — Beef Stir Fry, Sticky Rice, Ginger Sugar, Snap Peas and Carrots, Whole Beets, Honey Batter Bread, Ice Cream Sundae Bar

Chocolate Covered Cotton Mark Brinker

M for Massive Yifan Luo

VERNEY-WOOLLEY DINING HALL LUNCH — Vegetarian Spinach and Mushroom Soup, Chicken and Rice Soup, Beef Stew, Tomato Quiche, Italian Vegetable Saute, Cherry Tarts with Bavarian Cream DINNER — Vegetarian Spinach and Mushroom Soup, Chicken and Rice Soup, Baked Parmesan Chicken, Vegan Barbecue Tempeh, Rice Pilaf with Zucchini, Broccoli Cuts, Roasted Spaghetti Squash, Honey Batter Bread, Chocolate Cake with White Frosting

Homebodies Mirele Davis

RELEASE DATE– Tuesday, March 14, 2006

C Times R O SDaily S W Crossword ORD Los Angeles Puzzle Edited by Rich Norris and Joyce Nichols Lewis ACROSS 1 “The Honeymooners” husband 6 “Please __”: invoice request 11 Slangy refusal 14 “Old MacDonald” refrain 15 Retirement legislation acronym 16 New Haven Ivy Leaguer 17 Dynamite detonator 19 Marks, as a ballot 20 Busy orgs. during campaigns 21 Flower made of ribbon 23 Water tester 25 “That’s __!”: parent’s admonition 28 Celebrity 29 Where to find circus performers 33 Bad-blood situation 34 Med. island volcano 35 Easy twopointers 38 Power plant power, say 42 Is the right size for 46 Continental currency 47 Went ape 51 Gator’s kin 52 Skywalker’s father 53 ’60s hallucinogen 54 Potential patsy, in slang 57 __-Honey: almond candy 59 Get better, as much wine 60 Dash to safety 65 Org. for Rangers and Red Wings 66 Come in 67 Bond, for one 68 Pig’s digs 69 “Ulysses” (1967) star Milo 70 Teasdale and Lee

DOWN 1 Soldier in gray 2 Be under the weather 3 Sprang from the chair 4 Tower city 5 Stolen vehicle 6 TV chihuahua 7 Fraction of a joule 8 Streptococcus or staphylococcus 9 Aoki of the PGA 10 Bedtime tune 11 Right alongside 12 Pub fixture 13 More sage 18 “__ It Romantic?” 22 Subjects of wills 23 Cowlick, e.g. 24 Most-draftable status 26 Unit of resistance 27 Butterfly catcher 30 Skyscraper 31 “What am __ think?” 32 Bearded grassland dweller 36 Bit of brandy 37 NASCAR sponsor

39 Sweater style 40 “Redemption” author Leon 41 Lincoln in-law 43 Inning with a stretch 44 Harem room 45 Auction action 47 Terror 48 Delightful 49 Kans. neighbor 50 Writer Jong et al.

51 Tartan-wearing groups 55 Oft-twisted treat 56 “Sister Act” extras 58 Loose garment 61 Fixed charge 62 Man-mouse link 63 Bambi’s aunt 64 Amendments 110 subj.

Freeze Dried Puppies Cara Fitzgibbons


Silentpenny Soundbite Brian Elig


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Job market in Providence shifts from manufacturing to service sector Hospitals, higher education anchor city’s economy BY CHLOE LUTTS SENIOR STAFF WRITER

Revitalization in Providence has changed the character of the local job market, allowing the city to transition from a manufacturing-based to a service-oriented economy. But these economic advances PROVIDENCE have also left some workers behind. According to a report from the TODAY: Second in a series Poverty Institute, a research organization affiliated with Rhode Island College’s School of Social Work, the state gained 37,200 net new jobs between 1990 and 2004 despite a significant reduction in the number of manufacturing jobs. see PROVIDENCE, page 9

IPTV may become permanent next year BY AIDAN LEVY STAFF WRITER

Computer-equipped students living in campus residence halls may not have to consider carting television sets to school next fall. The University’s steering committee for Internet Protocol Television — which allows students to watch TV on their computers — will hold a closed meeting this Friday to discuss the possibility of permanently implementing the service starting in the 2006-2007 school year. At the end of the semester, the committee, which is composed of administrators, staff and students, will make a recommendation to continue the service or pursue an alternative cable provider, said Alan Usas, assistant vice president for academic and network systems and services. If the committee recommends continuing IPTV, Falls

Richard Benjamin /

see IPTV, page 8

Conservative alum’s new book takes on Brown’s liberal atmosphere BY KYLE MCGOURTY STAFF WRITER

Providence Place Mall is one major source of increased service sector employment opportunities for residents of the city.

Earth Station, Inc., a Madison, N.Y.-based communications technology provider, will most likely continue to manage the service, Usas said. The manufacturer that supplied the current cable service is no longer in business, and compatible spare parts are unavailable, Usas said. With cable access left in such a precarious situation, the University must either lay a new set of cables or find a replacement service soon, and IPTV appears to be the most viable option, Usas said. “The old program probably died 10 years ago, and it’s on its ninth life at this point,” Usas said. “We could limp along as we did in years past for a little while longer, but that’s not a very good scenario for anybody.” IPTV has received positive feedback from students

Travis Rowley ’02 has some things to say about his alma mater. “Until I arrived on Brown’s campus I had never before met a body of people as Machiavellian, as dishonest, as immoral, and as willing to behave with such vile contempt as were Ivy League liberals,” Rowley writes in an excerpt from his upcoming book that was pre-released to The Herald. Rowley’s 250-page book, “Out of Ivy: How a Liberal Ivy Created a Committed Conservative,” describes his experience as an athlete and a conservative on Brown’s predominantly liberal campus. The book is completed, and Rowley said it is scheduled to be published next month but did not provide the name of the publisher. “I’m going to keep

the first edition local,” Rowley said. Since graduating, Rowley said he has spent significant time on the book in addition to entrepreneurial ventures and work for the Brown Spectator. Passages from the book have appeared in the Providence Journal and the Spectator. An avowed conservative, Rowley freely acknowledges his book’s partisan zeal. “Its goal is to reform Brown,” he said in an interview with The Herald. Rowley, who was a tri-captain of the football team as an undergraduate, said his experience as a football player on College Hill brought his political sentiments to the fore. “Brown’s campus was victimization,” he wrote in an email to The Herald. “Sentiments of pity and victim-hood just don’t resonate with the rugged nature of your typical see ROWLEY, page 4


Rowley continued from page 3 football player.” He said athletes constitute a substantial number of conservatives at Brown, and he has a few guesses as to why athletes often lean right politically. “Foremost, athletics teaches conservative values,” he said. Football player Will Averill ’09 agreed that many of his teammates share a similar political perspective. “Everyone is pretty much conservative on the football team,” he said. Averill said the majority of football players are quieter about their views, especially in comparison to Rowley. “We don’t really talk about politics at prac-

tice.” Rowley said the time commitment required by most Brown sports prevents student-athletes from being more vocal about their political views or participating in activism on campus. But in terms of politics, he said, “activism taints.” Beyond his position as an athlete at Brown, Rowley said growing up in a Catholic family in Rhode Island also contributed to his current perspective. “My upbringing really disagreed with what I saw at Brown,” Rowley said. “I was insulted almost the entire time.” Rowley said he also saw a form of censorship rise alongside the activity of minority groups and what he described as politically correct speech.

In a diverse student body, conservatives are the only minority “being silenced” on campus, he said. “When you’re made to feel stupid or mean for your views, it is a powerful way to shut someone up,” Rowley said. Rowley voices grievances with a variety of aspects of the Brown community, including political correctness, victimization, radical feminism and anti-Americanism. “While freshman dorms may have personified the diversity of the student body, the following three years were typified by our segregation,” Rowley writes in his book. “The creation of multicultural student-groups, the drift of African-American students into allblack dorms, the isolated Hispanic Machado House, the fraternity scene being dominated by Brown’s white athletes, and the cafeteria’s dining tables being able to be described as white, black, or Asian couldn’t have more perfectly demonstrated how phony and politically correct Brown’s diversity-push actually was,” Rowley states in another excerpt. Rowley also faults unbalanced political representation among Brown professors for fostering an anti-American attitude. He told The Herald that by his own estimation, “around 90 percent of professors consider themselves Democrats.” “When you’re restricted from hearing other points, naturally the group drifts towards an extremist perspective,” he added. As Rowley writes in the book, “Many of my classmates now perceived America as an immoral nation, a ruthless murderer, a barbaric imperialist, devoted to selfish acts of greed and racism.” Claims such as these have already fostered debate. “His views are pretty strident,” said Marc Frank ’09, member of the College Republicans. “But he makes an excellent point. We do not practice what we preach.” For other conservatives, Brown’s political atmosphere has not been as troubling. “I came to Brown because it was liberal,” said Evan Pettyjohn ’06, president of the College Republicans. “I like people challenging me everyday,” he added. Rowley acknowledges his book will be a controversial topic on campus. It’s for the Brown community, he said.

Study finds journalism in limbo BY JAMES RAINEY LOS ANGELES TIMES

A “new paradox of journalism” has emerged in which the number of news outlets continues to grow, while the number of stories covered and the depth of many of the reports is decreasing, according to an annual review of the news business to be released Monday by a watchdog group. Many traditional television, radio and newspaper newsrooms are cutting staff as advertising revenue stagnates, while Web sites and blogs have not yet developed the size or inclination to gather unique information, reports the Project for Excellence in Journalism, a research institute affiliated with the Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism. The comprehensive study depicts the media as being in an interregnum — with print, radio and television reducing their reach, while the promise of an egalitarian “citizen journalism” on the Internet has yet to be fulfilled. “It’s probably glib and even naive to say simply that more platforms equal more choices,” said Tom Rosenstiel, director of the Project for Excellence. “The content has to come from somewhere, and, as older news-gathering media decline, some of the strengths they offer in monitoring the powerful and verifying the facts may be weakening as well.” As a result, consumers need to shop around for information and preferably get it from a variety of sources to understand the world around them, the study concludes. It also finds that while public opinions about the traditional media remain low, the feelings have improved in a few respects. The swiftly shifting platforms for information — with network news available by podcast and U.S. soldiers maintaining blogs from the front lines in Iraq — has created an odd interplay between new and old media, the study found. Companies such as Google and Yahoo have managed to thrive and generate enormous

advertising revenue, in part by aggregating and distributing information produced by traditional media outlets. “The more they succeed,” the project found, “the faster they erode the product they are selling, unless the economic model is radically changed.” The study predicts that oldmedia outlets may begin this year to demand compensation from the news “aggregators,” such as Google News. An alternative for new media companies is to build their own news operations, but those efforts have been slow. The most threatened of the traditional media continue to be newspapers — particularly major metropolitan dailies. Weekday and Sunday circulation dropped 3 percent as of the end of September 2005, printed advertising declined and a 1-percent or 2-percent increase in revenue came almost entirely because of improved online performance (up about 30 percent). Daily newspaper circulation has fallen nearly 9 million from its 1984 peak of 63.3 million, while the U.S. population has grown by about 58 million. The country lost 306 daily papers, 17 percent of the total, between 1960 and last year. At the remaining papers, cumulative cuts of reporters and editors over the last five years amounted to about 7 percent. The reductions constitute something less than a “death spiral” for the newspaper business, which still posts profit margins of 20 percent, the report found. Still, a funk has settled over many newspaper journalists who feel the public-service focus of the industry is endangered. “The decades-long battle at the top between idealists and accountants is now over,” the report concluded. “The idealists have lost.” The second-largest newspaper chain by circulation, Knight-Ridder Inc. — owner of The Philadelphia Inquirer, San Jose Mercury News and Miami Herald — is expected to undergo another round of newsroom reductions regardless of the outcome of current attempts to sell the chain.

Crime Fill in the grid so that every row, every column and every 3x3 box contains the digits 1 through 9.

Solution, tips and computer program at

continued from page 4 Public`Safety are investigating the incident, though PPD officers interviewing Donahue would not comment. Donahue said officers agreed he acted in self-defense. After the incident, officers drove Donahue downtown to PPD headquarters at 325 Washington St. to give an official statement. As of press time, Donahue was still downtown looking through mug shots trying to identify the two men. “I watched an episode of ‘24’ tonight, and then this happens right down the hall. He’s like a real-life Jack Bauer,” said Sumeet Goil ’09, who is in Donahue’s first-year unit and helped convince him to call the police. Hap Ki Do is a Korean martial art that teaches its students to redirect an opponent’s energy for his or her advantage. Hap Ki Do uses joint locks, throws, kicks and pressure points to disarm opponents.


Hillel leaders report rise in first-year participation Organization attempts to address concerns of reluctant first-years BY HANNAH LEVINTOVA STAFF WRITER

Despite some first-years’ reported reluctance to join the organization, Brown Hillel has experienced an increase in participation in first-year student activities since last year, according to Elana Goldberg ’08, head of Hillel’s Student Welcoming Committee. Hillel encompasses over 40 groups and projects, according to the organization’s Web site. The site also reads, “There exist many opportunities for a student to become involved with Jewish life — from cultural arts to Israel advocacy to social justice to religious life — and students are also encouraged to pursue their own innovations and ideas and projects.” Dara Wald, Hillel’s program director, said several new programs have been initiated this year, some of which have been led by first-years and sophomores. Because Hillel is not a membership-based organization, no exact numbers exist to indicate first-year involvement this year in comparison to other years. But Wald explained that, “we don’t measure success through quantity; we do it through the quality of the programs and our interactions.” Rachel Kanter-Kepnes ’08, head of the Friends of Israel Committee at Hillel, said first-year involvement seems to stay fairly constant each year. Goldberg said the organization’s leaders have “tried to take away the stigma that Hillel is only for very observant and learned Jews. We want everyone to feel welcome.” She continued: “It was my hope to avoid ‘in-speak,’ which means making references to terms like ‘challah’ or ‘kiddush,’ because a lot of people don’t know what that is and it can be alienating, so we try to avoid making assumptions about previous knowledge,” she said. Goldberg started the Student Welcoming Committee last year particularly because she wanted to see more students who might otherwise be intimidated become involved with Hillel. “I have a friend who has a strong Jewish identity but does not feel comfortable at Hillel … so I started this Student Welcoming Committee. This friend was one of the reasons, and just from hearing people say ‘I would love to get involved but I don’t know anyone,’” Goldberg said. Despite these outreach efforts, some first-years said they refrained from joining Hillel because of concerns that they are not committed enough to Judaism to participate in the organization’s activities. “Not being ‘Jewish enough’ is definitely part of the reason I’m not involved in Hillel,” said Rachel Nash ’09. However, Nash cited additional, unrelated reason for why she has not become involved. “I get all the e-mails and calendars but it’s either, ‘I don’t have

anyone to go with,’ or ‘I don’t have the time.’” Nash said. “If it wasn’t a huge priority before I came here, I’m probably not going to have a different level of involvement now.” Will Guzzardi ’09 expressed reservations similar to Nash’s, saying he is reluctant to join an organization that offers religion-oriented activities. “I feel like Hillel is very present on campus, people are always talking about the next big Hillel activity,” Guzzardi said. “On the other hand … it seems like fun and games, but you know that the religion thing is going to get sprung on you sooner or later. ... At the end of the day it’s a Jewish organization so I’m sure that religion is going to enter the picture in a way that’s too much for me.” Lillie Cohn ’09 echoed this sentiment, saying, “I have just never been interested in joining any kind of religious group. My mom told me to go, too, but I’m not interested in doing religious activities.” Wald said first-years should not feel unwelcome because of overtly religious programming. “We don’t check if you’re Jewish when you walk in the door.” Wald said. “We try to be really open, accepting and welcoming to students of all backgrounds and faiths. … I think we try to be involved in the Brown Jewish community, and the Brown community as a whole.” “I think the whole ‘I’m not Jewish enough’ thing is very self-imposed. It’s something that a lot of people think, but it’s not true at all,” Kanter-Kepnes explained. “No one cares how Jewish you are.” “It’s like most things at Brown — you do it if you want to do it. Hillel does a lot of outreach, but it’s the people who are comfortable with that outreach and who it speaks to that get involved,” she said.

Critical Review labors against critical problems BY CHELSEA RUDMAN STAFF WRITER

Seven years since it faced a budget cut of nearly 60 percent, the Critical Review still struggles to increase visibility for the print version of its publication and is hindered by low response rates to its questionnaires. The Critical Review no longer guarantees a print copy for every student, as it did before 1998. When the publication’s Web site became operational that year, the Undergraduate Finance Board cut its budget from $25,890 to $11,490. Last semester, about 2,000 copies of the Critical Review were printed, according to co-Editor-in-Chief Victoria Nguyen ’07. The group’s budget is $6,835 for Spring 2006, down from $6,885 in Fall 2005. The Critical Review’s Web site claims that, in 1998, “(The UFB) deliberately targeted the Critical Review in order to eliminate its printed form.” But according to UFB Chair Swathi Bojedla ’07, in the mid- to late-1990s, a rising number of student groups, coupled with a static student activities fee, led to budget cuts across the board. Still, former Editor-in-Chief Nicholas Schade ’05 maintains that, in 1998, UFB cut the Critical Review’s budget more than the budgets of other groups. In an e-mail to The Herald, Schade pointed to a 1998 Herald article in which then-UFB chair Jonathan Taqqu ’98 stated, “The UFB feels that there are higher priorities than funding the printed form of the Critical Review.” Taqqu went on to say, “The Critical Review could present itself more effectively in an online format. All the faults it has now could be remedied by online archiving.” Several students complained about the low visibility of the Critical Review’s print edition. Though he praised the online version for its convenience, Benjamin Frank ’07 said he “never got (the printed version), and I don’t know where to pick it up.” Julia

Hellman ’08 also gave the Web site a positive review but said she hadn’t even known a print version existed. Nguyen said boxes of the Critical Review are generally placed in the dining halls and the libraries at least a few weeks before the pre-registration process begins. Printing delays, however, combined with late decisions in leadership changes, created distribution problems last semester. The publication was printed in December, Nguyen said, and boxes of the Critical Review remained in the basement of Faunce House for weeks. Nguyen said that, ultimately, she doesn’t expect the print version to become obsolete. Printed copies “increase the visibility of the Critical Review,” she said, “and a lot of people who are just browsing would probably prefer a print copy.” Schade agreed, saying many students prefer the print edition to the Web site. In an e-mail to The Herald, Schade wrote, “In several instances, students came to me before the books were even going to be available, asking where and when they could get them because they were worried about not being able to get a copy.” Several students said they wish the publication included more courses. Editors said, however, that coverage is limited only by professors’ willingness to participate. Questionnaire packets are hand-delivered to every single department, Nguyen said — but it is every professor’s choice whether to distribute them to students. According to Nguyen, many professors feel departmental feedback forms are sufficient and do not want to use more class time filling out surveys. Fewer than half of the questionnaire packets are returned to the Critical Review every semester, according to the publication’s Web site. “It’s important for students in courses to encourage their professors to submit reviews,”

Nguyen said. Unprofessional conduct by editors in the early 1990s may have discouraged professors from submitting reviews, Nguyen said. In 1993, the publication included a list called, “Top 10 Reasons to Trash Your Professor in The Critical Review.” In an email to The Herald, Schade wrote that this list was not the only reason professors might have been turned off from contributing to the Critical Review, citing the “Funny Quotes” feature as another example of why some professors might not actively support the publication. The number of reviews dropped from its peak of 425 in the Fall 1993 edition to an average of 300 classes in the late 1990s and early 2000s. In Fall 2004, Schade conducted an independent study with Adjunct Lecturer in Engineering Josef Mittlemann ’72 P’00 P’04 to re-evaluate the publication. Following Schade’s report, the editorial board formalized a procedure for individually responding to professors’ complaints and questions in surveys included in each questionnaire packet. A broader goal that emerged from the independent study is to “make service to instructors just as important an objective as service to the student body,” Schade wrote. The staff also held a forum in December 2004 to address faculty concerns. Though only five professors attended, Schade said he believes it was successful because it clarified the reviewing process for those professors. After speaking with the editors, Professor of Biology Jonathan Waage decided to participate in the Critical Review for the first time in 20 years. Schade pointed to Waage as one example of how the Critical Review’s recent efforts have begun to re-establish its credibility with professors. The number of reviews has generally been increasing, Schade said, since its low in 2000. For this semester’s issue, the publication is reviewing about 350 courses.

The cover of the latest edition of the Cricial Review.


President continued from page 1 Some “high level” guests receive invitations to formal dinners at the house. Recent guests have included Sen. Jack Reed, D-R.I., and New York Times op-ed columnist and author David Brooks, who came to the house immediately after a March 6 appearance. “Gatherings may be at any time of day,” Simmons said, adding that these may include breakfast, lunch, tea or dinner. The house can accommodate 60 guests inside, and large indoor events usually take place in the light-filled conservatory near the back of the house. In some cases, guests also stay overnight. “The residence is meant to be a place for guests of the University, especially the president’s guests and high level visitors,” Simmons said. “In lieu of staying at a hotel, they are invited to stay at the president’s house.” Of course, the president also hosts student groups in a more informal setting. For example, preceding firstyear orientation last fall, participants in the Third World Transition Program gathered in the president’s gar-

den to mingle with professors and have a buffet-style lunch. Lydia Sharlow ’09 was invited to dine at the house in February as a mentee of Simmons through the African, Latino, Asian and Native American Mentoring Program. The president invited ALANA members and other Providence residents to a memorial dinner for artist Kiki Smith. Simmons takes a special interest in how the events and menus are set up, saying she tries to “incorporate variety.” “Because it’s my house, I feel very strongly about putting my stamp on things,” she said. And of the salad, pollack and crab entrée and dessert course served at the ALANA function? “It was delicious,” Sharlow said. Sharlow said Simmons managed to create an environment that was both sophisticated and comfortable for all the guests. “All the guests there made an effort to know each other,” she said. The president is “a big listener, but we didn’t talk much since she was entertaining so many people.” Simmons tries to engage the students without putting them on the spot. “What I try to do is allow people from campus to interact with leaders of their day,” she said. “If we

have a world leader (visiting), I want people to have a conversation with that person.” However, Simmons recalled that, at some events, students have complained about being called on to speak. But when Simmons decided not to use that tactic at the recent dinner with Reed, students also expressed disapproval to her privately. The president has held several events at her house in conjunction with the Campaign for Academic Enrichment. “During the campaign, the house is especially helpful because of the call for many special events with donors,” Simmons said. “It’s always memorable because the people giving to us are very memorable people.” Fit for a president Preceding the inauguration of new presidents, the house is customized to accommodate the needs of the incoming presidents, taking into account the size of their family and their lifestyles. “In my case, the previous president has just renovated the house extensively,” Simmons said, adding that this process included the addition of a conservatory. “I liked the renovations and decided not to do anything significant.” No staff members reside in the house, though sometimes they do come in, especially when making preparations for guests. “It is actually a house, not an administrative space,” Simmons said. However, the house still contains much furniture and décor from its previous inhabitants. “It’s hard to live at a place where you’re not surrounded by the things you’ve acquired over the years,” Simmons said. Fortunately, Simmons experienced living in a president’s house at Smith College. Moreover, many of her personal belongings are dispersed in storage, with her children or at a second house she owns in Texas. Still, Simmons said she has developed a connection with the house. “I will feel very anxious about separating from it when I ultimately retire.” Houses on the Hill Though Simmons continues the tradition of residing at 55 Power St., Brown presidents have lived in various locations on College Hill through the years. According to Encyclopedia Brunoniana, the very first house for Brown’s president was located on Prospect Street near University Hall (then called the College Edifice). In 1840, a new house was constructed on the corner of Prospect and College streets. President Francis Wayland, Brown’s fourth president, was the first to live in the house, and President Elisha Andrews was the last, leaving the house 1898. A 1900 edition of the Brown Alumni Monthly reported, “The old President’s house has become unsuitable for a family, since the cable cars have turned College Hill into a railroad.” For nearly a decade after Andrews’ departure, the house was used as the Brown University Cooperative Refectory until it was razed in 1908 to make room for the John Hay Library. In 1901, a new red brick house was built for President William Faunce at 180 Hope St. The house featured an elaborate central porch and a stained glass image of Brown’s seal. Following the acquisition of the current president’s house, the physics department moved into the building. In 1952, it was re-named Barus Hall and was later razed to allow for construction of Barus & Holley.


Gays, colleges hope tour helps dispel stereotypes BY MICHELLE BOORSTEIN WASHINGTON POST

WASHINGTON — The meeting was a bit awkward. One side brought the other chocolates. People wore big name tags and fussed over one another, saying “Hi” effusively and smiling broadly. Clumsy jokes were made — but everyone laughed. There were long silences. The discomfort was understandable. Eight officials from the Council for Christian Colleges and Universities, which represents 133 “Christ-centered” schools that forbid homosexual behavior, were mingling with 35 young gay men and lesbians in a District of Columbia church — to plan, of all things, a road trip. The gay activists embarked March 9 on a cross-country bus tour of 19 colleges with policies against homosexuality. They are calling the seven-week trip the Equality Ride, saying it is modeled after the anti-segregation Freedom Rides of 1961. As they visit the schools, most of which are Christian, the “riders” will talk about their experiences in facing hate and explain why they believe the Bible is accepting of homosexuality. All the riders are younger than 26, and about half are Christian, including two who were expelled from colleges on the route. But the ride is turning out to be much more than organizers expected. At least eight of the 19 schools — with the council’s encouragement — have planned open forums for the riders, including talks in classrooms, visits with student leaders and the school president, panel discussions and, in one case, a coffee klatch titled “The Message of Brokeback Mountain.” Other colleges are allowing the group to speak on campus but are not cooperating with it, and a few have threatened to arrest the riders. At many of the schools, the only public talks about homosexuality up to now have featured Christians discussing how they gave up being gay. But officials at the schools hosting the Equality Riders said the national debate over gay rights has become so prominent in the past couple of years that an educated young Christian needs to be well-versed in the arguments used by gay rights activists — even if only to rebut them. “The conversation is coming into the open. We don’t need to go into a holy huddle,” said Terry Franson, dean of students at Azusa Pacific University, an evangelical Christian school in California that is hosting the gay activists April 5 with a welcome breakfast, chapel service and panel discussion. Robert Andringa, president of the Christian colleges council, contacted organizers of the Equality Ride last summer when he heard about the event, offering to help arrange visits. Andringa said the colleges in his organization, which cover 27 denominations, are united in believing the Bible forbids sex between people of the same gender

— as well as premarital sex between men and women. Typically, the schools require a student who acknowledges being gay or lesbian to seek counseling, and in some circumstances the student can face expulsion. But the schools disagree over how to engage with the broader culture on homosexuality, Andringa said. “It’s a touchy topic, and we don’t want to be viewed as homophobic. We know every church is struggling with it, so if our students are going to be prepared to be leaders in this society, they need to experience the real world,” Andringa said. At Liberty University in Lynchburg, Va., the first stop, officials made it clear that the Equality Ride was not welcome. Fifteen of the activists and 10 of their supporters were arrested Friday when they tried to walk onto the Liberty campus and deliver a speech. The visitors and their hosts said they are hoping for the same thing: to supplant stereotypes. “Scripture would say Christians will be known by the way they love. Christians have dropped the ball. They are known by hate,” said Andrew Mollenbeck, 21, an editor at the studentrun Chimes newspaper at Biola. “I’d like to see an interaction of love.” Dawn Davridge, one of the riders, isn’t sure what to expect. The 23-year-old said she was expelled from Union University in Jackson, Tenn., in 2004. Raised as a conservative Christian, she had come to the Baptist school in hopes of quashing her lesbianism but later found books in the county library and on the Internet that led her to conclude that homosexuality is not a sin. “I can’t believe I sat there and blindly listened to these people,” Davridge said. “I want to teach students to think for themselves and to let them come to beliefs on their own.” Several of the riders said they also intend to read desperate letters they have received from gay students at Christian colleges. Neither side expected minds to be changed. “We agree with them that our campuses, to be consistent with our Christian worldview, should not be a place where any student feels unsafe or condemned or rejected,” Andringa said. “But we disagree about what the Bible says about sexuality.” At Abilene Christian University, which is affiliated with the Churches of Christ and will host the Equality Riders in Texas on March 27, school spokeswoman Michelle Morris said she didn’t think the visit would change the atmosphere on campus. “I’m not sure if on our campus, or in Texas, or in the South ... (gay) students would be comfortable being open, to be honest,” she said. White said of the colleges: “We’re not asking them to change their policies. We just want to expose to the country the spiritual violence that is being done” to gay, conservative Christian youths. “We want academic freedom and personal safety.”

30 dead in another day of violence targeting civilians BY LOUISE ROUG AND RAHEEM SALMAN LOS ANGELES TIMES

BAGHDAD, Iraq — Scattered attacks targeting police and civilians killed 30 Iraqis on Monday as populist cleric Muqtada al-Sadr lashed out at Iraqi politicians and U.S. officials for failing to stop the violence. The attacks followed a bloody Sunday in which 52 people were killed and close to 300 others injured by bombs and mortars in the vast Shiite slum of Sadr City. “When things reach a certain point, then nobody can control the reins,” said Abdulsattar Nasri, a 47-yearold lawyer as people gathered at a nearby hospital Monday to receive the bodies of their relatives. Four men were found Monday hanged near the Jolan athletic club in Sadr City, each with a note pinned to the chest spelling out “traitor,” in what appeared to be retribution by locals for the previous night’s attacks, police said. Eyewitnesses told authorities that two of the men had been captured wearing explosive belts and the other two had been caught firing mortar rounds against targets in Sadr City, according to police. Another 11 bodies were found scattered throughout Baghdad neighborhoods. Amid rising impatience at daily attacks, al-Sadr vowed to confront attacks on Shiites “militarily, religiously and ideologically,” during a speech in the holy city of Najaf. “We’re not weak,” al-Sadr said. “But I don’t want to be dragged into a civil war.” Speaking to reporters, alSadr criticized the American administration for interfering in Iraqi affairs, and the Iraqi government for being weak and self-involved. The politicians “are busy. ‘I want to be president, I want to be minister.’ They forget the people and they are busy with their (own) interests,” he said. In a retort to U.S. Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld’s statement last week that the U.S. would rely on Iraqi forces in case of an all-out civil war, al-Sadr added: “Whether there

is or isn’t a civil war, we don’t want you to interfere in Iraqi affairs whatsoever.” In his speech, the young cleric did not blame Sunni Arabs for the two days’ attacks, but urged them publicly to distance themselves from the insurgency. President Jalal Talabani condemned the attacks against Sadr City. “The way that this criminal, bloody act was done leaves no doubt that terrorists targeted a peaceful, civilian area to arouse sectarian sedition and civil war,” he said in a statement. The Iraqi Islamic Party, a Sunni political group, also denounced the bombings, encouraging all the political powers to cooperate and “stop the bloodshed that is reaching all Iraqis regardless of religion and sect.” On Monday, the British government announced a 10 percent reduction of British forces in the country, saying Iraqi security forces are becoming more capable of handling security. Britain’s nearly 8,000-troop force is concentrated in four predominantly Shiite provinces of the south, an area that has experienced less violence than the Sunni provinces north and west of Baghdad. British Defense Secretary John Reid told the House of Commons that “our analysis is that civil war is neither imminent nor inevitable.” But he also stressed that the reductions are not part of a handover of “security responsibility to the Iraqis themselves.”

Monday’s attacks occurred in the north and in the capital. In addition to the four men found hanged and 11 bodies found elsewhere, roadside bombs killed three people, including a policeman, in separate incidents, while two guards belonging to Deputy Prime Minister Ahmad Chalabi’s security detail were killed in a confrontation with another security detail in the upscale Mansour neighborhood. Mortars killed a child in the Shuula neighborhood and wounded two people near the major Sunni shrine of Abu Hanifa in central Baghdad. During the early evening Monday, gunmen killed the editor-in-chief of Alif Ba magazine as he was standing in front of his house with his friends. An intelligence officer working in the Ministry of Interior also was assassinated near his house in a western Sunni neighborhood. In Baqouba, northeast of the capital, gunmen ambushed and killed a police officer as he walked through a market in the city center. In Tikrit, a roadside bomb went off near a police convoy, killing five officers and one civilian. In Taji, also north of the capital, a roadside bomb killed one civilian and wounded six others. Also on Monday, the American military confirmed the death of a soldier Monday in eastern Baghdad, and a Marine assigned to 2-28 Brigade Combat Team on Sunday, in Anbar province.


M. lax continued from page 12 Gettigan scored off a nice pass from midfielder Nic Bell ’09 for a 1-0 lead. Some big saves from goalie J.C. Hutchins helped keep Bellarmine in the game in the early going, and the Knights tied things at one at the 8:57 mark. However, on the subsequent faceoff, Wailes converted a fast-break opportunity with an assist from co-captain midfielder Grant Derkac ’06. The Knights’ Matt Holland was assessed a one-minute penalty for an illegal body check on the play, and, with four seconds left on the ensuing man-advantage, Wailes scored from the right side to increase Bruno’s lead to 3-1. The Knights managed to cut the lead in half a few minutes later, only to be victimized by another Brown goal off the subsequent faceoff. This time around, McGettigan won the draw, then went coast-to-coast and flicked a shot by Hutchins to make it 4-2. McGettigan was also involved in the Bears’ final tally of the opening period, assisting on Wailes’ third goal of the afternoon after working a beautiful two-man game with his fellow midfielder. “We started off (the) game scoring early in the first quarter,” Wailes said. “Our offense is definitely improving, and if we keep working we’ll definitely turn that corner.” Down by three, the visitors from Louisville, Ky., refused to go away, outscoring Bruno 3-2 in the second quarter. Shane Andersen’s goal 27 seconds into the second jumpstarted the Knights, and the two teams traded goals until halftime, entering intermission with the score at 7-5. “We knew coming into the game that they were good and had a good offense,” McGettigan

said. “We thought they were going to put up a good fight.” The game intensified further in the third quarter as both defenses tightened up. The passing lanes that the hosts had enjoyed in the first half were quickly closed by an active Bellarmine defense. “They switched to a zone defense after we scored a lot of our fast break goals,” Wailes said. “That kind of threw us off a bit, and that’s something we could work on for future games. They also possessed the ball a lot better in the second half and took their time with possessions.” Bellarmine’s Garett Kikot scored the only goal of the period to make it 7-6, and the visitors clearly had the momentum going into the final quarter. However, the Bears were able to weather the storm, keeping the Knights at bay for the remainder of the game. Midfielder Will Davis ’07 scored 7:32 into the quarter to give Bruno a two-goal cushion, but it was goalie Nick Gentilesco ’06 that came up with the play that secured Brown’s second win of the year. With defenseman Brian Sharnick ’08 serving a oneminute slashing penalty, Gentilesco made a crucial save with his right leg to keep the score 86. On the counter-attack seconds later, McGettigan’s fourth goal of the contest sealed the win for the Bears. While the offense was solid in Saturday’s win, it will have to be even better if Bruno wants to upset No. 7 University of Massachusetts Amherst next weekend. “Obviously, from an offensive standpoint, we’re going to have to control the ball,” Wailes said. “We have to be conscious of when the defense has been out there for a long time so we can hold onto the ball. We also have to capitalize on our chances and know when to push the ball and pull it out.”

IPTV continued from page 3 since the $60,000 pilot program began last fall, Usas said. Because IPTV offers more channels than the traditional coaxial cable service, higher definition picture and the ability to watch multiple channels at once online, Usas is confident the service will supplant the decrepit traditional cable system, he said. “It’s been well received, used often, and I think it’s been excellent,” said David Greene, vice president for campus life and student services. “I think the chances are pretty good that we could be moving forward with making that a permanent program.” “I think IPTV is going to be able to fix all the problems we have right now with the cable system and still have all the benefits of an actual TV,” said Sarah Saxton-Frump ’07, president of the Undergraduate Council of Students.

Baseball continued from page 12 we weren’t too happy with on Friday and Saturday (and) we didn’t have much left in the tank, but we still came out and played a great 10-inning game.” The Bears took an early 41 lead when they scored four runs in the third inning. Devin Thomas ’07 doubled home a run to start the rally. Leftfielder Adjatay Nyadjroh ’07 then executed a suicide squeeze to bring home center fielder Eric Larson ’06. The Bears tacked on two more with an RBI single from first baseman Danny Hughes ’06 and an RBI groundout from

On average, between 20 and 25 percent of students in residence halls watch IPTV every day, and a much higher percentage has used the service sometime during the year, Usas said. IPTV makes usage statistics easily accessible, while with the current system, statistics can only be obtained from student polls, Usas said. Currently, IPTV only offers 16 channels, excluding all major networks except for Fox, compared to the 18 available on regular cable. If IPTV service is continued next year, all the channels offered on both services will be retained for no additional cost, Usas said. Lectures delivered on campus and other educational material can easily be recorded and distributed across campus, a process that is much more difficult with the regular cable system, Usas said. Currently, lectures by Candice Bergen, Sen. John Kerry, D-Mass., and Professor of History Gordon Wood are available. While continuing IPTV ser-

vice will cost the University the same amount as the current cable service, additional channels may be offered in the future if the budget allows, Usas said. In the future, students may be able to order premium networks over IPTV such as HBO for an additional cost, Usas added. If the service permanently replaces regular cable, the University will most likely use cable boxes to transfer IPTV from the Internet to television sets in public spaces on campus, such as lounges, Usas said. In that case, cable boxes will also be made available for rent or purchase so students can watch IPTV on television sets in their dorms, he said. Some students had a mixed response to the service. “I don’t really use it that much, but I think it’s a good thing because not everyone can have a TV in their room,” said Steve Bernardi ’07. “The quality is nothing compared to a regular TV. It’s just one more thing on the computer that distracts me from doing my work,” said Melvin Parker ’08.

shortstop Robert Papenhause ’09. But Head Coach Marek Drabinski said that the Bears, who only scored one run after having the bases loaded with one out, should have capitalized more on the opportunity. “It was disappointing,” he said. “We had chances to score more runs than we did and go ahead 7-1 or 8-1.” The Commodores outscored the Bears 5-1 over the next three innings, plating three in the sixth to take a 6-5 lead and chase starter Jeff Dietz ’08 from the game. Dietz, who gave up 10 hits and six runs (four earned) over 5 1/3 innings, loaded the bases with one out in the sixth. But Hallberg got the Bears out of the jam, allowing just one inherited runner to score. Hallberg went 3 2/3 innings, giving up only one run on four hits. Three of those hits and the run came during Vandy’s ninthinning rally. “I thought Ryan Hallberg was absolutely tremendous,” Drabinski said. “I don’t think there’s any question he’s our closer. Once Ryan develops another pitch I don’t think you’ll see what happened (on Sunday) happen again (this season).” Second baseman Bryan Tews ’07 and rightfielder Paul Christian ’06 led Brown with three hits apiece, as Tews went 3-for5 with a run scored and an RBI and Christian went 3-for-6 with a run scored. On Friday, in the first game of the series, the Bears’ lineup ran into Price, a 6’6” lefthanded flamethrower who hits 95 mph on the radar gun with his fastball. Price dominated the Bears, giving up one run on four hits in seven innings. He walked only one batter and struck out 15 — a performance good enough to earn him National Pitcher of the Week honors. “He was outstanding,” Drabinski said. “He had command of both sides of the plate. … The projections of him being the first pitcher taken in next year’s draft are accurate.” When Price left, the Bears took advantage. Christian and Dietz both hit two-run home runs off of Josh Zeid to give the Bears a four-run eighth inning and cut the lead to 7-5. Christian’s homer was his first of the

season. For Dietz, who was hitless in four at-bats and used mainly as a pitcher last season, it was the first of his career. “Once we got Price out of the game, we hit (Zeid) pretty well,” Hughes said. “I think we can swing the bats with anyone, it just takes us a little time to get into it.” The Bears, however, could not complete the comeback. The Commodores tacked on two more in the bottom of the inning to give them the 9-5 victory. Larson, who started in center, led Brown’s offense, going 3-for-4 with a run and an RBI. Tews started and took the loss, giving up 15 hits and seven earned runs over six innings. Saturday, the Bears plated three runs in the top of the fourth to take a 4-3 lead. Christian and Dietz had RBI singles and third baseman Dan Shapiro ’09 brought home another run on a groundout to third. But Vanderbilt again responded, scoring one in the fourth before exploding for six in the fifth. McNamara, who gave up seven earned runs and 10 hits over 4 1/3 innings, was knocked out of the game. Lefty Ethan Burton ’06 and Ethan Silverstein ’07 combined to finish the inning, but not before giving up four more runs. “We were victimized by one big inning,” Hughes said. “It’s tough for (our pitchers), because they’re on pitch counts right now and they’ve only been throwing for three weeks.” Christian had the best day at the plate, going 2-for-3 with a run and an RBI. The Bears return to the diamond during spring break, when they travel to Lexington, Va., to play a three-game series against the Virginia Military Institute (14-5) on March 25-27. They will play three more games over the break — single games against Elon University, Davidson College and Greensboro College — before they begin the Ivy League season April 1 at the University of Pennsylvania. “The reason I (schedule these games) is because I think it makes us better for Ivy League play,” Drabinski said. “We’re not going to play any Florida States or Vandys in our league, so we should have a boost of confidence.”


Bookstore continued from page 1 looking at a case of anti-competitive pricing,” Sweeney said. Roberts added that Barnes and Noble has a one-to-three-day return policy following a purchase. Such a policy, she said, would be “unworkable” given Brown’s shopping period. “All other corporate-run peer institution bookstores have retained that one-to-three-day return policy. I don’t see why Brown thinks they’ll get a special contract,” Sweeney said. Elizabeth Huidekoper, executive vice president for finance and administration and chair of the Bookstore Review Committee, said if Brown cannot negotiate return policies with an external vendor to accommodate shopping period, it will not go through with outsourcing. The coalition’s other main concerns include the likelihood of higher rents on Thayer Street if a major vendor moves in, the effect of such a change on the Thayer Street aesthetic, the labor practices of companies like Barnes and Noble and the future of current bookstore employees’ jobs. Although Barnes and Noble would guarantee all current bookstore employees comparable benefits and salaries to what they currently receive for one year, Roberts said it is not unusual for Barnes and Noble to slash wages and hours after one year is up. “What happens on day 366?” she asked. One of the reasons the committee might choose to outsource, Roberts said, would be to increase profits by charging rent to an external vendor. She said

Hijab continued from page 1 of two hijabi during her first two years at Brown. Despite the small number of Muslim students at Brown who wear the hijab, those who do said they are generally greeted with open-minded reactions. Asiaii, who has worn the hijab since seventh grade, agreed Brown’s environment is tolerant but added some students still hold misconceptions about the hijab. In particular, she said some see it as a symbol of oppression and gender inequality. “A lot of people like to say it’s because men can’t control themselves, and because of that you should cover yourself,” Asiaii said. “That’s someone else’s issue if they have trouble controlling themselves. It’s just our issue to control who gets to be in charge of our sexuality. Women are supposed to be modest all around, so that we’re in charge of our sexuality and decide who gets to see it and who doesn’t.” Asiaii stressed the decision to wear the hijab as a personal choice and not one that should be subject to familial or social pressures. Due to varying interpretations of lines in the Koran, not all Muslim women see the hijab as necessary for religious devotion, she said. Abdul-Ali agreed. “We have high expectations for women who wear the scarf, but we can’t assume that they’re necessarily doing anything over and above what the people who aren’t veiling are doing,” Abdul-Ali said.

this move would not make sense because the bookstore currently pays the University to use the space. Huidekoper, however, said the bookstore only pays the University for the cost of operating the building (such as heating and lighting) and does not pay rent. Roberts said she hopes the coalition will send a strong message to the committee and

the University that there is significant opposition to outsourcing the bookstore. The committee’s report states opposition to “selling out” should not be underestimated, and “the Cabinet should give special consideration to whether the extent of opposition will be strong enough to divide the campus and distract attention from Brown’s Academic Enrichment initiatives.” The coalition, however, is skeptical about the committee’s claims. “We’re very worried that the decision has already been made and that the small timeframe given (for the community to discuss outsourcing) is just sort of a placatory gesture,” Roberts said. Huidekoper, however, said the committee is open to both out-

sourcing and keeping the bookstore independent, but it had not yet been presented with a workable independent model. “We haven’t seen yet the selfoperating model. We’re getting a lot of criticisms about the other model, but we haven’t seen anything about how the self-operating model could accomplish objectives set forth. That model has to be developed further before we make the right call,” she said, adding that two Brown employees are currently working with bookstore staff to come up with such a model. Roberts agreed that “significant changes” to the bookstore have to be made regardless of the University’s action, but she added she does not believe Barnes and Noble will make those changes. Huidekoper said she does not believe the dialogue surrounding the future of the bookstore should be “about developing arguments against outsourcing the bookstore, it (should be) about developing options” for improving it. Still, Roberts and Sweeney could think of few reasons why the University would support outsourcing. They cited a “blind faith in the corporate model” and, despite Brown’s penchant for presenting itself as “different,” the existence of a “pressure institutionally to conform” to peer institutions. Save the Bookstore’s Web site cites the Harvard University, Yale University and Massachusetts Institute of Technology bookstores, which are all operated by Barnes and Noble, as examples of the shift to outsourcing. Huidekoper insisted, however, the Committee was only concerned with “finding the best option for Brown.”

“You can’t say that they’re very saintly or in communication with God all the time, because that’s not necessarily the case.” Abdul-Ali added that the converse is also true. “There are extremely devout Muslim women who do not wear scarves but put many veiled women to shame with their devotion,” she said. Noor Najeeb ’09 agreed the decision to wear the hijab should be personal. She began wearing the scarf a few weeks before her freshman year of high school. She said this choice “came purely out of conviction and devotion,” adding that the hijab symbolizes her dedication to Islam. “It proclaims my faith to the world, and makes people realize that I am a practicing Muslim female,” she said. “That’s very important to me, because my religion is not just something I practice sometimes or once in a while. My religion defines me. If it wasn’t for hijab, that wouldn’t be so apparent. It also forces people to judge me on my character and my intellect rather than my physical appearance.” Najeeb said she has never doubted her decision to wear the hijab. Giving in to those who disagree with it would be tantamount to oppression, she said. But others said they have considered not veiling. Asiaii said being modest all the time can be difficult or simply inconvenient. In addition, Islam teaches that women should wear the hijab around their male cousins. Asiaii said she is close to several of her male cousins, and wearing a scarf in front of them can present a frustrating barrier.

Abdul-Ali said she has also questioned the scarf. She considered not veiling during her sophomore year because she feared she was not projecting an accurate representation of Islam. “It’s a burden to wear a scarf and force yourself into the limelight as a representation of Islam, because people are going to look at you as the standard,” she said. “It’s a happy burden at times, but I wanted to make sure that I was doing Islam justice. I didn’t want to be a false advertisement.” But Abdul-Ali said she ultimately decided to continue wearing the scarf because she considered it the best route for the long term. In addition, Abdul-Ali said wearing the hijab also brings a great sense of solidarity with Muslims around the world. She and another scarf-wearing American Muslim woman traveled last year to Turkey, where Abdul-Ali said they instantly found fundamental commonalities with Turkish Muslims. “People were immediately so hospitable and gave us Muslim discounts,” she said. “Immediately being recognized as a Muslim was something very special.” Khan, the newest hijab wearer, said she has had to adjust to the conspicuousness of the scarf, but she remains happy with her decision to wear it. “I’m more conscious of my religion now that people can single me out as a Muslim woman,” Khan said. “At the same time, I know I’m still the same person. People who know me should realize that I’m still the same person. I feel pretty comfortable with my decision, and I feel like people respect me for doing it.”

“All other corporaterun peer institution bookstores have retained that oneto-three-day return policy. I don’t see why Brown thinks they’ll get a special contract.” — Brian Sweeney GS

Providence continued from page 3 But the shift away from manufacturing has increased the gap between those at the top and bottom of the earnings scale by decreasing the quality of jobs available for unskilled or lowskilled workers. Rachel Miller, director of Rhode Island Jobs for Justice, said the lower quality of available jobs reveals the “other side” of Providence’s so-called renaissance. “If the development we’re promoting is creating minimum-wage service jobs, that is not helping the city of Providence,” she said. Many of the lost manufacturing jobs were “better paying, often union, family-wage jobs,” Miller said. A significant factor in the exodus of manufacturing from the state was the ratification of the North American Free Trade Agreement in 1994, which cost Rhode Island a higher percentage of jobs than 44 other states, according to the Poverty Institute. The service sector is the “biggest growing industry in Rhode Island right now” and has a large and “fast-growing” presence in downtown Providence, Miller said. A very low percentage of service-sector workers are unionized, Miller said, a fact that can be partially attributed to what she called a “multi-million dollar unionbusting industry.” Miller said Providence workers would also benefit from enforcement of First Source legislation, which requires jobs contracted by the city and paid for with tax dollars to be offered to unemployed local workers first before being contracted out-of-state. Dan Baudouin, director of the nonprofit Providence Foundation, an arm of the Greater Providence Chamber of Commerce, said “for the last 10 years the city has … been stable in terms of” the number of jobs. In recent years, the main growth areas have been education and medicine, along with hospitality and retail. This latter area gained a significant boost when Providence Place Mall opened in 1999. Financial services also make up an important part of the economy, but this area has “basically stayed flat,” he said. Beth Collins, research director for the Rhode Island Economic Policy Council, wrote in an e-mail to The Herald, “Providence was gaining employment much faster than the state in several clusters that supported the renaissance from 19902000.” These sectors include retail, lodging, travel and recreation and eating and drinking establishments. She also acknowledged that declines in manufacturing “hit Providence hard,” and identified Providence’s hospitals and colleges as “the major anchors of the Providence economy.” According to the Rhode Island Department of Labor and Training, 27 percent of Rhode Island’s manufacturing sector employment was lost between 1992 and 2002.

Providence lost 7,719 manufacturing jobs, representing a decline of 44 percent. State-wide, employment increased by 12.1 percent over the same period of time, led by growth in the service and retail sectors. The service sector includes the hospitality, recreation, health, personnel supply, automotive repair and legal industries. Providence added 7,531 service sector jobs, a 15.7 percent increase. Rhode Island’s service sector employees earned an annual average wage of $32,390 in 2002, more than $800 less than the state’s average private sector wage. Providence is the Ocean State’s leading retail trade employer, adding 5,715 jobs between 1992 and 2002, a 64.3 percent increase. Some of these new jobs are attributable to the construction of Providence Place Mall. Retail, however, is consistently the lowest-paying sector in the state. Though Providence added 1,356 jobs over the last decade, the city has lost more than 4,700 jobs since private sector employment peaked at 102,111 jobs in 2000. Change and growth for Providence today “The future of the city is going to be in the life sciences,” said Don Eversley, president of the Providence Economic Development Partnership, a non-profit organization affiliated with the city. He predicts growth in such areas as health care, medical research and biomedical sciences. Eversley said he also anticipates growth in “general technical sectors including communication and communication-related technology.” He expects the financial services sector will “continue to be very strong,” citing Providence’s position as the home of Citizen’s Bank and a “major outpost” of Bank of America. Higher education, currently “probably the biggest employer in the city,” will also continue to experience steady growth, Eversley said, with “additional growth in state higher education in the city.” Baudouin said Providence has recently been “seeing job growth throughout the entire city. … The Downcity revitalization has resulted in an environment that has created jobs,” he said. Neighborhood restoration projects have also been effective, especially in historic districts where government support can tip the scales toward making renovation and use of historic buildings an “economically viable” option for profit-seeking companies, he said. Although the “city’s tax rate is well above average,” Baudouin said, programs such as loans from the city help create incentives for job-creating companies to locate in Providence, citing the lottery company GTECH. He concluded, Providence’s “track record is pretty good in terms of creating jobs, although I think we have the potential for doing a lot better.”



Selling substance It’s been just over a week since the Bookstore Review Committee recommended outsourcing the Brown Bookstore to an external vendor, and debate surrounding the University’s next move has already escalated dramatically. Three days after the committee released its report, a group including local politicians, graduate students and faculty launched a Web site to advocate retaining the bookstore’s independence, part of a multi-faceted campaign that will feature protests and other activities in coming weeks. The group’s rapid mobilization is commendable, and supporters of the bookstore’s independent model are right to vocally communicate their concerns. However, we encourage both sides in the debate to advance substantive ideas and avoid needless rhetoric as talks continue. Sian Roberts GS, co-chair of the Save the Bookstore Coalition, told The Herald “significant changes” should be made to the bookstore regardless of whether the University follows through with outsourcing. Though some might argue the bookstore currently has few shortcomings, Roberts’ acknowledgment that some improvements are necessary greatly enhances the coalition’s role in shaping the debate. Elizabeth Huidekoper, executive vice president for finance and administration and chair of the Bookstore Review Committee, told The Herald that any conversations concerning the bookstore should not be “about developing arguments against outsourcing the bookstore” but should instead focus on how it can be improved. Indeed, even as it highlights the negative ramifications of outsourcing to an external vendor like Barnes and Noble, the coalition could strengthen its stance by bolstering its argument for an independent model. Granted, the committee probably should have spent more time analyzing potential improvements to the bookstore’s current structure in its report. Unfortunately, the report devotes five pages to outsourcing and only three paragraphs to self-operation. Associate Professor of English Stephen Foley ’74 P’04 P’07 said committee members were well versed in the details of outsourcing, while steps to improve the bookstore as it currently exists were less clear. Regardless, the committee already issued its report, and now coalition members and other supporters of an independent model must respond. It is unproductive to claim — as Roberts and others have — that the University has already decided to go ahead with outsourcing. Though the committee has put forth a recommendation in its report, that same report urges the University to seriously consider ideas and concerns from opposing parties. Instead of alleging that administrators possess a “blind faith in the corporate model,” the coalition should develop a well informed argument emphasizing the benefits of an independent bookstore — not just the evils of selling out.

THE BROWN DAILY HERALD EDITORIAL Robbie Corey-Boulet, Editor-in-Chief Justin Elliott, Executive Editor Ben Miller, Executive Editor Stephanie Clark, Senior Editor Katie Lamm, Senior Editor Jonathan Sidhu, Arts & Culture Editor Jane Tanimura, Arts & Culture Editor Stu Woo, Campus Watch Editor Mary-Catherine Lader, Features Editor Ben Leubsdorf, Metro Editor Anne Wootton, Metro Editor Eric Beck, News Editor Patrick Harrison, Opinions Editor Nicholas Swisher, Opinions Editor Stephen Colelli, Sports Editor Christopher Hatfield, Sports Editor Justin Goldman, Asst. Sports Editor Jilane Rodgers, Asst. Sports Editor Charlie Vallely, Asst. Sports Editor PRODUCTION Allison Kwong, Design Editor Taryn Martinez, Copy Desk Chief Lela Spielberg, Copy Desk Chief Mark Brinker, Graphics Editor Joe Nagle, Graphics Editor

PHOTO Jean Yves Chainon, Photo Editor Jacob Melrose, Photo Editor Ashley Hess, Sports Photo Editor Kori Schulman, Sports Photo Editor BUSINESS Ryan Shewcraft, General Manager Lisa Poon, Executive Manager David Ranken, Executive Manager Mitch Schwartz, Executive Manager Laurie-Ann Paliotti, Sr. Advertising Manager Susan Dansereau, Office Manager POST- MAGAZINE Sonia Saraiya, Editor-in-Chief Taryn Martinez, Associate Editor Ben Bernstein, Features Editor Matt Prewitt, Features Editor Elissa Barba, Design Editor Lindsay Harrison, Graphics Editor Constantine Haghighi, Film Editor Paul Levande, Film Editor Jesse Adams, Music Editor Katherine Chan, Music Editor Hillary Dixler, Off-the-Hill Editor Abigail Newman, Theater Editor


LETTERS Med School honors need not be competitive To the Editor: year? The principal one is not having a chapter of active students for a year who could take advantage of AOA-funded Medical Student Service Projects and devise other original ways to help the school and surrounding communities, as so many of our 123 chapters do. Another is, of course, that the student members would not have a hand in selecting the next class, as they would if, as seniors, they were helping faculty select juniors in the spring. But if students put forth an argument against electing AOA members in the spring of the senior year, long after “the match” is over, stating that recognition of achievement for some in the class would make those who were not elected feel bad ... well, that is a big problem for Brown. Knowing Brown as I do (my middle son is an alum), I know that students there are not that petty.

I appreciate reading the Brown Daily Herald every morning, and, of course, noted the article (“Possible Med School honors society sparks student outcry,” March 3) that recorded the negative reaction of Brown medical students to the thought of having Alpha Omega Alpha National Honor Medical Society on campus. The major concern appears to be that students will become competitive with each other. The solution is clear. The Medical School should elect members of AOA just before graduation. Competition is not a factor then. Even if competitive murmurs had existed previously, competition is now dead. Every medical student knows which residency he or she will start in a few weeks. Selection for membership in Alpha Omega Alpha then becomes a recognition of achievement and not a threat to anyone who is not selected. After all, and this is something I have stated before, election to AOA should not be considered a stepping stone, but rather a capstone of a medical school career. What is the downside of not electing members of the junior class or seniors in the fall of their last

Edward Harris Jr., M.D. Professor Emeritus of Medicine, Stanford University Executive Secretary, Alpha Omega Alpha March 6

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Adam Kroll, Allison Kwong, Night Editors Yifen Li, Katie McComas, Copy Editors

An article in yesterday’s Herald (“Four students robbed at gunpoint near Main Green,” March 13) incorrectly reported that Chief of Police Mark Porter sent out a campus-wide crime alert March 11. Security Officer Mark Perry sent the e-mail. The same article incorrectly reported that a previous crime alert was sent in response to a Feb. 19 incident. That e-mail was sent after an armed robbery that occurred on Feb. 17.

Senior Staff Writers Simmi Aujla, Stephanie Bernhard, Melanie Duch, Ross Frazier, Jonathan Herman, Rebecca Jacobson, Chloe Lutts, Caroline Silverman Staff Writers Justin Amoah, Zach Barter, Allison Erich Bernstein, Brenna Carmody, Alissa Cerny, Ashley Chung, Stewart Dearing, Hannah Levintova, Hannah Miller, Aidan Levy, Taryn Martinez, Kyle McGourty, Ari Rockland-Miller, Chelsea Rudman, Kam Sripada, Robin Steele, Spencer Trice, Ila Tyagi, Sara Walter Sports Staff Writers Sarah Demers, Amy Ehrhart, Erin Frauenhofer, Kate Klonick, Madeleine Marecki, George Mesthos, Hugh Murphy, Eric Perlmutter, Marco Santini, Bart Stein, Tom Trudeau, Steele West Account Administrators Alexandra Annuziato, Emilie Aries, Steven Butschi, Dee Gill, Rahul Keerthi, Kate Love, Ally Ouh, Nilay Patel, Ashfia Rahman, Rukesh Samarasekera, Jen Solin, Bonnie Wong Design Staff Adam Kroll, Andrew Kuo, Jason Lee, Gabriela Scarritt Photo Staff CJ Adams, Chris Bennett, Meg Boudreau, Tobias Cohen, Lindsay Harrison, Matthew Lent, Dan Petrie, Christopher Schmitt, Oliver Schulze, Juliana Wu, Min Wu, Copy Editors Chessy Brady, Amy Ehrhart, Natalia Fisher, Jacob Frank, Christopher Gang, Taryn Martinez, Katie McComas, Sara Molinaro, Heather Peterson, Sonia Saraiya, Lela Spielberg

CORRECTIONS POLICY The Brown Daily Herald is committed to providing the Brown University community with the most accurate information possible. Corrections may be submitted up to seven calendar days after publication. C O M M E N TA R Y P O L I C Y The staff editorial is the majority opinion of the editorial board of The Brown Daily Herald. The editorial viewpoint does not necessarily reflect the views of The Brown Daily Herald, Inc. Columns, letters and comics reflect the opinions of their authors only. LET TERS TO THE EDITOR POLICY Send letters to Include a telephone number with all letters. The Herald reserves the right to edit all letters for length and cannot assure the publication of any letter. Please limit letters to 250 words. Under special circumstances writers may request anonymity, but no letter will be printed if the author’s identity is unknown to the editors. Announcements of events will not be printed. A DV E RT I S I N G P O L I C Y The Brown Daily Herald, Inc. reserves the right to accept or decline any advertisement at its discretion.



Summers lovin’ If Ruth abandons Brown, only one man can fill her shoes BY JACOB SCHUMAN OPINIONS COLUMNIST

Harvard University President Lawrence Summers recently announced he would resign from his position as executive of the nation’s oldest university after a volatile tenure during which he faced faculty resentment of his confrontational and often authoritarian style, widespread anger over his sparking the resignations of famous scholar Cornel West and a popular arts and sciences dean, nationwide condemnation for speculating that women might be inherently less skilled in the sciences and a no-confidence vote by the Harvard faculty of arts and sciences. His resignation has left the university in a state of leaderless disarray, and many have speculated that our own president, Ruth Simmons, could be offered his place as the next president of Harvard. Simmons is beloved by the Brown University faculty, alums and students, and her departure would be devastating to Brown’s reputation, future and morale. However, if Simmons does leave Brown for Harvard, which I sincerely hope she does not, then I believe there is only one person in the world who would have the skills, personality and leadership ability to replace her — Harvard’s Summers. Sounds crazy? Maybe it’s just so crazy that it’s actually the sanest possible solution to what could be an overwhelm-

ing problem. After all, Ruth’s departure wouldn’t just be a terrible blow to Brown, it would also usher in an age of unprecedented Ivy League promiscuity that would leave us no choice but to invite Lawrence down to Providence for a more-than-casual relationship. It would be the perfect, albeit sluttiest, way to get back at Harvard and save some face. Just like you did to your ex-boyfriend (that jerk!). Picking Summers to replace a deserting Ruth could also allow Brown to strike

friendlier ultra-liberals over at Brown. Summers — wait, let’s get used to calling him “Larry” now — Larry has much more in common with Brunonians and the values of the New Curriculum than his embittered and degrading resignation (his tenure as Harvard president was the shortest in almost 150 years) would lead you to believe. His brilliance in the field of economics would certainly help bolster Brown’s plan to expand the commerce, organizations and entrepreneurship concentration. Before Harvard, Larry served as Secretary of the Treasury under President Bill Clinton, an idol of many Brown students. Furthermore, as president of Harvard, he sought to augment the university’s focus on its undergraduates and attempted to liberalize its core curriculum into a more open system that would allow students far more choice in their course selection. Ira Magaziner ’69 P’06 P’07 would be proud. Freed from the obligations of having to reform our curriculum and improve undergraduate life, Larry could focus on more important issues facing Brown. In 1991, while serving as chief economist for the World Bank (I told you this guy was smart), Summers was embarrassed by the release of a satirical memo he had signed proposing that First World nations dump their pollution in Third World ones. Embroiled in a similarly ludicrous scandal of its own making, the Undergraduate Council of Students could use the guidance of a man who knows how to endure

Ruth is beloved by Brown; her departure would be devastating to our reputation, future and morale. back at our bitterest ideological adversaries on the right. Conservatives have recently rallied around Summers, claiming he was done-in by a cabal of extremist left-wing Harvard faculty. Taking him in from the cold exile of sabbatical and ushering him into the warm, pulsating glow of University Hall could confound some of Brown’s conservative arch-rivals, like David Horowitz and Bill O’Reilly, with our biting, hipster-esque sense of irony. Fox News would report on how the angry and elitist ultra-liberals at Harvard chased out the meek and frightened Summers, who was saved just in time by the happier and

controversy. The Herald recently reported that the male applicant pool to Brown had shrunk again this year to a mere 39 percent of total applications received, making it increasingly hard for the University to maintain a roughly 50/50 split between males and females. However, appointing Larry would provide a perfect, though perhaps misogynistic, solution to the quandary. Summers is already famous for his public musings that women may be biologically less gifted in the sciences — a statement so offensive that Massachusetts Institute of Technology biologist Nancy Hopkins walked out of the lecture, explaining that if she hadn’t, she “would’ve either blacked out or thrown up.” Brown’s female applicant pool would surely plummet after Summers is appointed to the Brown presidency, thus solving our gender imbalance problems once and for all. If Ruth abandons Brown for the barren Cambridge tundra of nerd-haven Harvard, then the best thing we can do is appoint Larry as a replacement president. It would make us look good, it would help Brown recover and, above all, it would be revenge. Ultimately, all these reasons don’t even begin to come close to compensate for the disaster of Simmons leaving us — but if it comes to that, we know we have a smiling, publicly humiliated guardian angel in the form of Larry waiting on the bench up in Boston, eager to be called in from unemployment.

Jacob Schuman ’08 feels like he’s known you his whole life.

TLC no longer stands for tender loving care Economic inequality in Ecuador exacerbates violence and crime problems BY JENNIFER HUMPHREY GUEST COLUMNIST

Picture Thayer Street: students rushing to class, bikers in front of City Sports, the usual crew outside of Store 24. Now add something new: in front of Antonio’s, a man with a handgun; a guard with a rifle strapped to his back outside of the Brown Bookstore; another man with a gun and a German Shepard at CVS. Now imagine that this feels totally normal. If Brown were in Quito, Ecuador’s capital, it would. Upon my arrival in Quito in February, it certainly didn’t feel normal. Large men with large weapons guarding everything from banks to stores to bars didn’t make me feel safe. If anything, it made me sure somebody wanted to rob me: my wallet, my camera, my sunglasses, my sneakers. Moving in with my home-stay family in a suburb of Quito didn’t do much to ease my anxieties; they lived in a house with bars on the windows, two scary dogs, two locked gates before the front door and a fence crowned by broken glass. Apparently, everybody is afraid. The fear exists because the threat is real. Robberies are far from uncommon, and the causes are numerous: a lackluster police force, poverty, greed and corruption. But, if I had to blame it on one thing, it would be inequality — consider the fact that over 50 percent of the population lives below the poverty line of $425 per month for a family of five, while highprofile businessmen earn salaries enormous even by American standards. On my bus ride to school, I see fancy cars and big houses next to shacks, subsistence

gardens and barefoot children. With a large proportion of the nation’s wealth in the hands of few, and amid millions living in dire poverty with little hope of brighter economic futures, maybe robberies shouldn’t seem so shocking. While I don’t think I am unjustified

earn some cash on the side for development. When the newly amassed sums landed largely in the hands of already wealthy businessmen, it was claimed that eventually this wealth would “trickle down” into the hands of the nation’s poorest people. Unfortunately, the faucet got

Large men with large weapons guarding everything from banks to stores to bars didn’t make me feel safe. in my fear of being robbed, there is guilt associated with it — maybe I really am just one more rich kid who has everything and doesn’t share. Unfortunately, neither my guilt nor my fear ends here. I feel guilty by association, since Ecuador’s wealth disparity has widened significantly as a result of the economic policies of the United States. And I have more to fear than just the violence that has accompanied this growth in inequality. I fear that later this month, Ecuador will sign el Trato de Libre Comercio (the Free-Trade Agreement) with the United States. As far as I’m concerned, the TLC is reminiscent of the neo-liberal policies instituted in Ecuador during the 1980s; neo-liberalism was the cure that would allow Ecuador to pay off its debts and

shut off somewhere along the line, because the rich kept getting richer and the poor poorer. The TLC may have similar results. Allowing the United States to export its subsidized agricultural goods to Ecuador without tariffs will mean small-scale Ecuadorian farmers can’t compete with the low prices. Permitting multi-national corporations to exploit Ecuador’s natural resources will mean that money earned ends up in the bank accounts of multinational firms rather than being invested within Ecuador. Protecting intellectual property rights may mean that Ecuador’s indigenous populations have to pay North American pharmaceutical companies in order to use natural products they have utilized for centuries. Moreover, it seems that if anyone in Ecuador benefits,

it will be the few businessmen who run large companies directly engaged in importing and exporting. Thus, the wealth gap will continue to widen. Protests in the streets of Quito indicate many Ecuadorians are aware the accords will not benefit the majority. In Quito, widespread graffiti has popularly associated the acronym with the phrase “Tiempo de Lágrimas Campesinas” (Time of Peasants’ Tears). Although many Ecuadorians are aware of the TLC’s effects, they’re not the ones involved in the negotiations. No one seems to be listening to their demands for an agreement that would benefit them, too. My host brother told me he would support the TLC if the United States would offer something beneficial to the majority of Ecuadorians. My brother suggested relocating Harvard to Quito as part of the accord. (I didn’t bring up the fact that most Harvard students would not react well to armed guards in Harvard Yard…) Fortunately for Harvard students, relocation will most likely not be a part of the agreement. However, I have a backup plan: if we won’t give them Harvard, maybe we could at least work out a mutually beneficial deal on guns. The United States can export guns with no tariffs and Ecuadorians can buy them cheaply; it will allow the United States to make money and Ecuadorians to protect themselves. That way, both nations can feel at peace while inequality thrives.

Jennifer Humphrey ’07 thinks acronyms are usually misleading.


First place snatched from Larson ’06 in final dive at NCAA regionals



Jacob Melrose / Herald

Ivy League Player of the Year Sarah Hayes ’06 and the rest of the women’s basketball team cut down the nets at the Pizzitola Center Monday to celebrate their Ivy League Championship. The Bears finished 12-2 in the Ancient Eight but lost a playoff for an NCAA Tournament bid and were not given a bid to the Women’s National Invitational Tournament.

No. 47 m. tennis dominates again, sweeping Hofstra and Fairfield, 7-0 BY ERIN FRAUENHOFER SPORTS STAFF WRITER

Give the men’s tennis team a rowdy home crowd, and it will put on a powerful performance. This was evident during Friday evening’s doubleheader against Hofstra and Fairfield universities, as the No. 47 Bears won every match in their most convincing triumph this season. “Any day where we win 7-0, 7-0 is a great day,” said Eric Thomas ’07. Thomas started the match against Fairfield with a bang, opening doubles play with two 145-mph aces in a row. “They were the hardest serves I’ve ever hit in my entire life,” he said. The second doubles duo of Thomas and Sam Garland ’09 won easily by a score of 8-1. The doubles demolition continued, as co-captain Phil Charm ’06 and Dan Hanegby ’07 earned a perfect 8-0 victory at first doubles, and co-captain Luke Tedaldi ’06 and Scott Blumenkranz ’08 won 8-1 at third doubles. Keyed by the energy of the fans, who filled both bleachers and forced some spectators to stand, the doubles trouncing took only half an hour to complete — about half as long as the doubles point usually takes to play out. This energy carried over to singles play. The Bears made their individual victories look effortless, taking every win in straight sets. At second singles, Saurabh Kohli ’08 followed Thomas’ lead by opening his match with three straight aces before going on to take the match by a score of 6-3, 6-0. Meanwhile, at first singles, Hanegby defeated Fernando 6-1, 6-4, and the other Bears’ scores were even more convincing, as Tedaldi, Noah Gardner ’09, Garland and Blumenkranz each gave up no more than three games. “Fairfield is a solid team,” said Head Coach Jay Harris. “To beat them that bad shows how tough and competitive we are.” According to Harris, the encouraging crowd, which flocked to the Bears’ first home evening match of the year, played a big part in the Bears’ impressive showing. “The fans were going crazy,” Harris said. “The guys were on fire. They were so inspired by the crowd.”

Earlier in the day against Hofstra, the Bears had to do with a more subdued home crowd. But they dominated nevertheless, again taking every match. At first doubles, Hanegby and Kohli defeated Nikola and Luka Djordjevic, 8-6. Charm and Chris Lee ’09 won 8-1 in the second doubles match, while Blumenkranz and Basu Ratnam ’09 won the third doubles match by a score of 8-4. The first singles match pitted Charm against Nikola Djordjevic, to whom he had lost during the fall season. But Charm refused to concede another victory to Djordjevic. After taking the first set 7-6, Charm dropped the second set 6-7. But he stayed strong during the gripping third-set tiebreaker and emerged victorious. “I’m pretty proud of myself,” he said. “I was able to tough it out. It was good for my confidence.” Thomas, Garland and Ratnam gave up just one game each in the second, third and fourth singles matches, respectively. At fifth singles, Tedaldi defeated Luka Djordjevic 6-1, 6-4, and Gardner won the sixth singles match by a score of 6-1, 6-3. “Today was a really good day for everyone,” Charm said. Harris was also pleased with the team’s performance. “Winning all 18 matches is obviously a good day,” he said. “The way the guys approached their matches was very professional.” This week, the team will travel to Montgomery, Ala., to compete in the Blue/Gray Invitational.

The men’s and women’s diving teams concluded their seasons this weekend at the NCAA Zone A Championships in Annapolis, Md. Jessica Larson ’06 and Dana Meadow ’07 represented the women, while Kai Robinson ’06 competed for the men. Larson competed first for the Bears with a strong performance in the one-meter trials. Her score of 254.15 was the best during the preliminaries, just ahead of Harvard’s Samantha Papadakis. Larson held on to her lead through the early rounds of finals but was passed by Papadakis on her last dive. Papadakis’s score of 502.40 smashed the Crimson’s school record and edged Larson by a mere four points. The narrow margin between first and second meant Larson would not be traveling to Atlanta for the national competition. Despite dominating the Ivy League all season, the senior did not end her year the way she had hoped. “I was a little disappointed with my performance on one-meter, considering I was in first place until my very last dive. I could have dove better,” Larson said. “I’ve never qualified for nationals. Last year I missed by a couple of points, just like this year.”

The loss was the only blemish on Larson’s one-meter record for the year — a record that includes an Ivy League title. Meadow turned in a solid performance of her own in the one-meter event, scoring 205.95 in the trials. Her score was high enough to advance to the 18-woman finals, where she tallied 208.85 to place 15th. Robinson competed in the three-meter event on the first day of competition, notching a score of 197.45 to finish in 28th. The first year opened day two for the Bears by nailing down 20th place in the one-meter contest. His score of 229.70 was less than 10 points and two positions away from the cutoff for finals. Larson and Meadow returned to the pool on day two as well, competing in the threemeter event. Meadow finished in 33rd and did not make the finals. Larson’s attempt to avenge her loss in the one-meter fell short, as she finished 12th in the trials and 13th in the finals. “My diving in the three-meter did not go well at all,” Larson said. “The disappointment from the one-meter hung over my head during the three-meter competition.” The meet was the final competition of the season for both men’s and women’s diving teams and Larson’s final appearance in a Brown swimsuit.

Seniors rally m. lax for second victory, beating Bellarmine, 9-6 BY CHRIS MAHR SPORTS STAFF WRITER

With several key members of its offense — including last season’s leading goal scorer, Dave Madeira ’07 — still banged up with injuries, two seniors stepped up to lead Brown in Saturday’s 9-6 win over Bellarmine University at the FieldTurf pitch. Cocaptain midfielder Will McGettigan ’06 led the way with four goals and an assist, and midfielder Kyle Wailes ’06 added three goals and one assist. After scoring a total of only eight goals in its first two games — both losses — Bruno has won two straight behind better performances from its offense. Yet the team realizes there is still work to be done. “I think we’ve been playing pretty consistently, but I wouldn’t say we’ve turned the corner,” McGettigan said. “We’re just trying to get good shots. I guess we’re running through things better.” Brown’s two losses to open the season may have been a blessing in disguise. After winning their three scrimmages, the Bears went into the season a bit overconfident. Following 6-4 and 14-4 setbacks to the University of Maryland, Baltimore County and Hofstra University, respectively, Bruno has increased its focus and seen immediate improvements on offense. “Scoring four goals in our first game was kind of a shock to us, and going down to Hofstra, we didn’t expect (to lose by that

much),” Wailes said. “We went back to practice and worked on some things in our offense.” Bruno had no trouble putting the ball in the net early in the game against the Knights of Bellarmine — a team in its second year of existence and first at the Division I level. Brown opened the scoring at the 5:11 mark of the first period when Mcsee M. LAX, page 8

Ashley Hess / Herald

Will McGettigan ’06 had four goals and an assist in a win over Bellarmine University.

Vandy sweeps three, but baseball getting warm BY CHARLIE VALLELY ASSISTANT SPORTS EDITOR

The trial by fire continues. A week after opening its season with three losses against No. 8 Florida State University, the baseball team traveled to Nashville, Tenn., over the weekend to play three against Vanderbilt University (9-6) — a Southeastern Conference team that features one of the country’s best professional prospects, sophomore pitcher David Price. Though the Bears were swept by the

Commodores — losing 9-5 Friday, 11-4 Saturday and 8-7 in 10 innings Sunday — and dropped to 0-6 on the season, they continued to improve and almost came away with their first victory. On Sunday, the Bears took a 7-6 lead in the ninth when Ryan Murphy ’08 hit a two-out single to left that scored pinchrunner Anthony Vita ’07. In the bottom of the inning, Rob Hallberg ’08 — who pitched brilliantly in relief — retired the first two Vanderbilt batters and ran Alex Feinberg to a 2-2 count. But Feinberg singled to right and the Commodores

got two more base hits to tie the score at seven. In the 10th, reliever Alex Silverman ’08 hit Vandy’s Parker Hanks with the bases loaded, forcing home the winning run and giving Vandy the sweep. But co-captain Shaun McNamara ’06 said the team’s performance in the final game is indicative of its character and bodes well for the season. “I think the way we played (Sunday) shows the type of resolve we have,” he said. “We had a couple of losses see BASEBALL, page 8

Tuesday, March 14, 2006  

The March 14, 2006 issue of the Brown Daily Herald

Tuesday, March 14, 2006  

The March 14, 2006 issue of the Brown Daily Herald