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W E D N E S D A Y NOVEMBER 3, 2004


An independent newspaper serving the Brown community since 1891

Battle for White House hinges on Ohio (Los Angeles Times) — Ohio emerged early Wednesday as the likely key to the White House, as President Bush fell just shy of winning re-election. Sen. John Kerry pressed on with his campaign even as he trailed in the popular vote, both nationally and in Ohio. “It’s been a long night, but we’ve waited four years for this victory and we can wait one more night,” Kerry’s running mate, Sen. John Edwards, told a crowd of supporters in Boston early Wednesday morning, in an eerie repeat of a similar scene four years ago. “John Kerry and I made a promise to the American people that with this election, every vote would count and every vote would be counted,” Edwards said. “Tonight, we are keeping our word and we will fight for every vote.” Ohio’s top election official said it could be more than a week before all the votes are counted, suggesting a reprise of the suspense — and legal skirmishing — that pushed the 2000 campaign deep into December. Twenty electoral votes were at stake in Ohio, the biggest chunk still on the map. Bush had 254 of the 270 electoral votes needed to win. “Everyone should take a deep breath and relax,” Ohio Secretary of State Kenneth Blackwell, a Republican, said on CNN. He said at least 150,000 “provisional” ballots — those set aside for review because of discrepancies — would not be tallied for at least 10 days under Ohio law. There were also tens of thousands of absentee and military ballots still to be totaled. Wisconsin, Iowa, New Mexico and Nevada were also too close too call as of early Wednesday morning. With the economy, terrorism and the war in Iraq as driving issues, the election drew a huge turnout, forcing election officials to extend voting hours in several of the hardest-fought states. Despite scattered problems, the balloting went smoothly for the most part. In Florida, the epicenter of the 2000 election fiasco, there were long lines but none of the glitches — like the infamous “butterfly ballot” — that clouded the results four years ago.

see PRESIDENCY, page 6

Los Angeles Times


In Keeney, hope turns to despair as states turn red BY BEN LEUBSDORF

An evening that began with excitement and hope among John Kerry supporters in Keeney Quadrangle became increasingly depressed as the night wore on, culminating in rage and sadness as President Bush seemed poised to win a second term in office. The exit polls looked good for Kerry, and many students gathered in lounges and rooms to watch election returns, mostly on CNN, and later, on Comedy Central’s “Daily Show.” In one third-floor lounge, students posted a large map of the United States to mark down red and blue states. “I feel like I’m way too into it. I don’t think it’s too healthy. I might have to go to Health Services tomorrow,” said Jhale Ali ’08, one of the students maintaining the homemade electoral map. Amelia Rosenman ’08 had spent the day in New Hampshire working on get-out-the-vote efforts for the Democratic Party and was optimistic about Kerry’s chances in that state. “It really felt like a movement,” she said, convinced that he would win there — as he did. But election results did not pour in — they came at a trickle, annoying many students. “I don’t care about the 6 percent rule in Missouri. I want them to call a state,” said Christine Livoti ’08, as one analyst explained partial results around 9:40 p.m. “It’s funny that they can talk so much and not say anything,” Erin Wetherley ’08 added.

The Washington Post


Students monitor election at Jo’s and in dorms — but most don’t like what they see BY ERIC BECK AND CHRIS HATFIELD

Perry P’91 reelected to State Senate seat, defeating Fain BY MARY-CATHERINE LADER

As election returns came in, student reaction across campus was anxious, frustrated and occasionally jubilant. Students eating at Josiah’s on Tuesday night kept an eye on the three television screens broadcasting election returns CNN, NBC and CBS. Most students glanced at the screens while eating with friends. Many crowded around the sets as analysts showed the county-by-county breakdown in states such as Ohio and Florida. Students started paying more attention to the screens as the evening continued and the states were projected. Free popcorn and Election Day decorations made the experience at Jo’s more festive, but the festive atmosphere never became celebratory. As the evening progressed, the mood shifted from impatient and pensive to worried and frustrated. Even before Bush’s lead became decisive, angst started to fill conversations at Jo’s. “I started out more optimistic, but now I am a little nervous,” said Katherine Pecore ’08. And as Bush continued to gain electoral votes, students expressed disappointment.

State Sen. Rhoda Perry P’91 will begin her eighth term in the Capitol after beating independent challenger Barry Fain in Tuesday’s election with 61.5 percent of the District 3 vote. “I feel elated,” Perry said, as campaign volunteers and supporters celebrated the victory over meatballs and soda at her campaign’s headquarters. Perry spent the day alongside her volunteers, visiting each of the 23 polling stations. She lost only two of the polling centers — Edoch, by 157 votes, and the Jewish Community Center, by three votes. The final vote count recorded Perry winning 6,052 votes and Fain 3,796. As Perry staffers called in from polling stations with vote counts, the mood relaxed. “We have no worries,” said volunteer and Rhode Island College student Jennifer Stevens. At 9:45 p.m., less than an hour after the polls had closed, supporters broke into cheers as State Representative Paul Moura congratulated Perry on her victory. Perry thanked a few people by name and then asked, “Who wants to dance?” Several Rhode Island officials called to congratulate Perry, among them Secretary of State Matt Brown and Lt. Gov. Charles Fogarty. Most people present at the celebration, including Ward 1 City Councilman David Segal and Providence Mayor

see J O ’ S, page 9

see PERRY, page 8

see KEENEY, page 4


I N S I D E W E D N E S D AY, N O V E M B E R 3 , 2 0 0 4 Campus reaction and results from around the country — see what happened in Tuesday’s election election 2004, page 3

A look at how things were with the electoral votes as of early Wednesday morning inside, pages 6 and 7

Wilfred Codrington ’05 writes that now might not be the best time for Turkey to join the European Union column, page 11

Equestrian team has great showing in weekend tournament, with several members playing key roles sports, page 12

Women’s volleyball loses weekend matches, despite playing well against opposing teams sports, page 12


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THIS MORNING WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 2004 · PAGE 2 Coreacracy Eddie Ahn

TO D AY ’ S E V E N TS DEMOCRATIZATION IN LATIN AMERICA: NEW TRENDS AND PERSPECTIVES 11 a.m.-1 p.m. (Wilson 102) — This discussion forum will be hosted by Fernando Enrique Cardoso of Brazil, Heinz Sontagg of Venezuela and Rene Mayorga of Bolivia.

MISSION CREEP AND DISCRETION IN SOCIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE: THE CASE OF IMF CONDITIONALITY 4 p.m. (Joukowsky Forum, Watson Institute) — Sarah Babb of Boston College will discuss evidence of mission creep at the International Monetary Fund. Babb wrote her doctoral dissertation on changes in the economics profession in Mexico and is the co-author of a textbook on economic sociology.

CHAMBER MUSIC FOR WINDS 8 p.m. (Grant Recital Hall) — The Brown University Wind Symphony, directed by Matthew McGarrell, will perform chamber music pieces by Mozart, Bach and other composers.

Hopeless Edwin Chang

MENU SHARPE REFECTORY LUNCH — Hot Corned Beef On Rye, Barley Pilaf, Cauliflower, Green Beans and Peppers, Red Potatoes With Shallots,Turkey Breakfast Sausages, Blueberry Kuchen, Macaroon Bars, Falafel In Pita With Cucumber Dressing and Tahini,Vegan Gardenburgers.

VERNEY-WOOLLEY DINING HALL LUNCH — Vegetarian Cheese Soup, Ham and Bean Soup, Pizza Supper Pie,Vegan Roasted Vegetable Burritos, Mexican Corn, Blueberry Kuchen.

DINNER — Baked Stuffed Pollack, Red Rice, Savory Spinach, Zucchini, Carrot and Garlic Medley, Hearth Bread, Strawberry Jello, Black and White Pudding Cake, Grilled Vegetable Calzone, Baked Sweet Potatoes, AK Fries.

DINNER — Vegetarian Cheese Soup, Ham and Bean Soup, Pork Loin With Green Apple Dressing,Vegan Stir Fry Vegetables With Tofu, Risotto Primavera,Whole Green Beans, Stewed Tomatoes, Hearth Bread, Black and White Pudding Cake.

Jero Matt Vascellaro

UT Yu-Ting Liu

CROSSWORD ACROSS 1 Rat-__ 5 Took a cut 10 Part of N.E.A.: Abbr. 14 Composer Schifrin 15 Luckless one 16 Nick’s spouse 17 Sit heavily 18 Discombobulated 19 Week-ending letters 20 Fraternity event 22 Altar site 23 Fireplace accessory 24 Nike competitor 26 Blocker of “Bonanza” 27 Announced 31 Upward grade 34 Double agents 35 Pres. when SEATO was formed 36 Clinch 37 It’s next to the tub 39 Caustic potash 40 Rival 41 Rival of Sparta 42 “__ in Show”: 2000 film 43 They may involve pawn promotions 45 Go out with 47 “Holy __!” 48 Does over, as a cassette 52 A party to 54 Cerebral malfunction, facetiously 57 Corn bread 58 Indian chiefs 59 Die, for one 60 Concluded 61 Tiny type 62 __ Bator 63 Utters 64 Birthplace of 35Across 65 Word that can precede the first words of 20-, 37and 54-Across, and 11- and 33Down

DOWN Kind of male Eagle’s defense Audibly On deck Apply haphazardly 6 Odin’s Germanic counterpart 7 Cold War inits. 8 Depilatory brand 9 It’s not clearly defined 10 Involve 11 Tot’s pool stroke 12 “Exodus” author 13 Bistro 21 Time in history 25 Like the universe 27 Hostess snack cakes 28 Shade providers 29 Dreyer’s ice cream, east of the Rockies 30 Off! ingredient 31 Teeming 1 2 3 4 5





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Cathedral image Start-up capital FHA loan False god Child on a base Den denizen They’re doomed 45 Has a feeling 46 List shortener: Abbr. 48 Lasso

49 Austrian Nobel physicist Wolfgang __ 50 Put in prison 51 Shell out 52 Financial pg. highlights 53 PBS science series 55 Fad 56 Comet competitor













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K A K E L L E E T V N S E W S S E E C N S 5



Penguiener Haan Lee


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At viewing party, Brown Democrats have little to celebrate BY ROBBIE WOOTTON




After an anxious election night left the outcome of the presidential race locked away with thousands of provisional ballots in Ohio, the Brown Democrats plan to hold their regular general body meeting tonight to plan their next action. With President George W. Bush perceived to have the advantage in his reelection campaign and Democrats losing ground in both houses of Congress, the Democrats were disappointed at their viewing party in Faunce House Tuesday night, although the group was buoyed by the news of State Sen. Rhoda Perry’s reelection. Members of the Brown Democrats filtered in and out of both the Lower Blue Room and Leung Gallery, bringing with them news of returns for local races, which commanded enthusiastic reactions. Kelly Hall ’06, legislative committee chair for the Brown Democrats, walked into Leung Gallery at around 10:30 p.m. chanting, “Rhoda won! Rhoda won!” and doing a victory dance among fellow Brown Democrats, referring to Rhoda Perry’s victory in the closely contested District 3 State Senate Race. Seth Magaziner ’06, president of the Brown Democrats, said he was pleased with Brown voter turnout in local elections. “The Brown vote was roughly the margin of victory for (Perry),” he said, estimating between 500 to 1,000 students turned out to vote for her. “We’ve been making a lot of phone calls, showing up at polling places — we’re very proud of that,” he said.

see DEMS, page 5

Matt Lent / Herald

The Brook Street fire station turned into a polling center on Tuesday, with residents lining up to cast ballots for national and local elections.

Jindal ’92 wins House seat in Louisiana Bobby Jindal ’92 soundly defeated his Democratic opponents to win election to the House of Representatives from Louisiana’s 1st Congressional District, earning 78 percent of the vote. Jindal, who lost the 2003 gubernatorial race by a close margin, focused his campaign on issues that included the preservation of tax cuts, civil justice and tort reform, and increasing the availability and affordability of health care. Jindal’s closest opponent, Democrat Roy Armstrong, earned only 7 percent

of the vote. Jindal will be the first IndianAmerican in Congress, and upon his inauguration, he will be the only Brown alum holding a Congressional seat. Jindal ran a strong campaign in Louisiana’s gubernatorial race last year, losing to Democratic Lieutenant Governor Kathleen Blanco in a runoff vote after winning a plurality of votes in a crowded general primary field.

Rhode Island Democrats gathered in Johnston Tuesday night to celebrate local victories — but all eyes were on TV screens as the country was colored red and blue. As expected, the state’s two U.S. representatives, Democrats Patrick Kennedy and Jim Langevin, won reelection easily. The two incumbents delivered brief victory speeches and elicited polite applause from about 200 supporters. But the only true cheers of the night interrupted Langevin’s speech at about 10:50 p.m., when CBS News projected Sen. John Kerry as the winner in Pennsylvania. The attendees — many of whom volunteered for Kerry, rather than local politicians — were cautiously optimistic about the presidential candidate’s chances. With apparent prescience, Sen. Jack Reed told the audience, “We have been hearing good news all day, but we understand that it’s not over until they close all the machines and count all the votes.” “And then it’s still not over,” shouted someone from the crowd. With most battleground states still undecided by the time the party dissipated, Democrats found encourage-

ment where they could. “I’ve just been informed that President Bush has conceded the State of Rhode Island to John Kerry,” said Bill Lynch, the state Democratic Party chairman. Kennedy, whose district covers the Brown campus, won a sixth term in Washington by defeating Republican Dave Rogers. He won over 60 percent of the vote. Kennedy touted his position on the House Appropriations Committee in his speech. “I have been able to steer millions of dollars back to the state that would never be here otherwise,” he later told The Herald. Langevin won a third term with more than 70 percent of the vote, beating back three challengers. “It’s such an honor to go to work in the morning knowing that I’m representing the best state in America,” he said. As expected, Democrats swept the state General Assembly elections by huge margins, although there was a slight increase in Republican representation. Sixteen of the 75 seats in the State House of Representatives went to Republicans, up from the 12 that are currently held. Fewer Democratic incumbents ran unopposed this year than in previous years, according to


the Providence Journal. “Certainly you don’t want to lose any of them,” Lt. Gov. Charles Fogarty said of the House seats. “Right now we Democrats have the overwhelming majority of seats — there was nowhere for the Republican Party to go but up.” But the Democrats appeared to pick up a Senate seat Tuesday, with Republicans now holding five of 38 seats. Lynch said the continuing Democratic victories meant Gov. Donald Carcieri ’65 would have to pay more attention to his political opponents. “Thank you for sending a clear message back to the Republican governor that he has to change the way he works,” Lynch told the crowd. In District 3, State Sen. Rhoda Perry defeated opponent Barry Fain with over 60 percent of the vote. Fain, running as an independent, had accused Perry of succumbing to special interests in her 14 years in office. “I’m delighted,” Providence Mayor David Cicilline ’83 told The Herald. “Senator Perry has been a hard worker and advocate for the city,” he said. “Barry Fain ran a strong campaign,”

Tuesday night began with a mostly antiPresident George W. Bush crowd buzzing about Democratic presidential candidate John Kerry’s chances of winning the election. But though the night started out well for the nearly 80 students at the Gate, where students gathered around a large projection screen to watch CNN coverage of the election, all the enthusiasm and hope had been sucked away from the crowd by the end of the night. After CNN declared just after midnight that Bush won in Florida, students issued a collective groan — it appeared likely that Bush would be reelected to office. For the rest of the night, most members of the crowd stared at the television screen with an exasperated and grim look on their faces as they contemplated four more years of the Bush administration. “I feel like I lost my best friend,” Colin Brown ’08 said. Pro-Kerry students, sensing the bleakness of the situation, were already looking forward to 2008 election. “I think Bush is going to win,” said Beth Stelson ’08, a Kerry supporter. “But I have hope for the next election.” For most of the night, the Gate crowd was upbeat. They cheered and applauded enthusiastically when states such as Pennsylvania and California were put in Kerry’s column and jeered when states were projected to go to Bush. The crowd remained hopeful until about 11:30 p.m., when it appeared that Bush would maintain his slim lead in Florida. “I think things look dismal,” said Ellen Chu ’07 as she left the Gate. In addition to the disappointed Kerry supporters, some students said they felt “disenfranchised” and distanced from the democratic process, said Christina Kim ’07, who couldn’t vote this year — the first time she was eligible to vote — because of prob-

see R.I. ELECTIONS, page 4

see GATE, page 4

— Stephanie Clark

Dems celebrate R.I. victories with eye on national election BY JONATHAN ELLIS

Mood turns grim as students gather at Gate


Keeney continued from page 1 Several students sat in an Everett House double watching election returns on TV while looking up county-bycounty results in key swing states on CNN’s Web site for a more detailed picture. John String ’08 said that “it’s looking pretty even” around 9:50 p.m., and while Justin Spiegel ’08 was becoming unhappy about the returns from Ohio and Florida, he said CNN was doing an “okay job” of being cautious about projecting winners. But Peter Catsimpiris ’08 said he was “pretty pleased” with the indicators from the battleground states — he is a Republican. When Pennsylvania was called for Kerry around 11 p.m., students burst into excited cheers. Owen David ’08 exclaimed, “Pennsylvania rocks!” But half an hour later, he said, “I want something else to be called already. The anxiety.” As Western states went for Bush, and Florida followed, tensions seemed to fray. In the third-floor lounge, one student kicked a chair against a wall in frustration. The energy that had pervaded the lounge earlier seemed to have vanished. “As an Ohio voter, I’m panicking, and I’m praying to the god of good luck,” said Shai Muthana ’08 around 12:45 a.m., as the election seemed to hinge on that state. When NBC called Ohio for Bush around 15 minutes later, Charlie Custer ’08 responded with a colorful curse. Some students reported that at least one person simply “lost it” over the news and became violently angry — “I was afraid to walk in the hallway,” a student said. “People are definitely assuming that Bush won right now,” said Cara Farber ’08.

Sara Perkins / Herald

President Ruth Simmons arrived at the Vartan Gregorian School on Wickenden Street shortly after 7 a.m. to cast her ballot. Coffee in hand, she was greeted by supporters of independent State Snate candidate Barry Fain and joined a line of about 30 eager voters.

Gate continued from page 3 lems acquiring an absentee ballot. Several miscommunications about the procedure for registering to vote left Kim without registration in her home state of Colorado. Kim spent several minutes at

the Gate watching election results before she left. “I’m a little bitter watching it … I feel like I’ve had no part in the whole process,” she said. Despite the evening’s overriding anxiety and despair, not all students were too engaged in the panic of election results to appreciate the value of widespread interest in the democratic process. A citizen of the Dominican Republic, Gabriella Muniz Bobadilla ’07 said she was just glad to see so many people interested in the election. “It’s exciting as a foreigner to see a youth so interested in the country’s future,” she said, “because where I’m from, young people vote, but it’s not because they care or even understand the issues, but because it’s an obligation.”

R.I. elections continued from page 3 Cicilline added. “I respect him and respect his interest in being engaged in the civic life of our city. But the voters have spoken.” In the race for the District 3 House seat, Democratic incumbent Edith Ajello defeated her opponent with 77.9 percent. During her 12-year tenure as state representative, Ajello has become known for being a proponent of students’ rights and freedom of reproductive rights. She has also worked to improve the effectiveness of the Tax Expenditure Budget. Cicilline commended vot-

ers for enduring long lines at the polls. “People were patient, people were passionate,” he said. “I’m especially proud of young voters, who have been turning out in record numbers,” Cicilline added. “It’s a great sign of a bright future for our city, our state and our country.” Both Kennedy and Langevin told The Herald they thought the 18-to-25-year-old vote would be the difference in the presidential race. Fogarty took a broad view of the elections. “We have elected people to office,” he said. “Now the real work begins.” — With additional reporting by Stephanie Clark


Dems continued from page 3 Hall said she agreed that Brown students significantly affected the outcomes of local races, particularly assisting in Perry’s senate bid. “I’m thrilled that (Perry) won, especially since she had such a competitive race,” Hall said. “It’s really satisfying to pull it out in the end.” But the mood was more subdued when it came to watching the results of the presidential race. As election returns first began to roll in, the group of about 50 students remained relatively quiet, taking time between projections to socialize and catch up on work. About 30 other students ventured to the Lower Blue Room to watch CNN’s coverage of the returns and refresh online updates at the computer kiosks. While some followed closely the analysis of political pundits like James Carville and Tucker Carlson, many students watched passively as the states were called. Members of the Providence Fire Department watched quietly from the back of both rooms. Mark Tumiski ’08 watched the returns in the Lower Blue Room after spending the day calling Democratic voters on behalf of the party’s candidates. Tumiski said he has been a Kerry supporter “since after I got over (Howard) Dean” at the end of the primaries. He said his work on behalf of Democratic candidates was “very promising,” adding that “everyone I talked to had been out to vote.” Brian Craigie ’07, who voted for Kerry by absentee ballot in Connecticut, said that he chose to watch the returns with the Brown Democrats for lack of a better way to pass election night. “I got here at 8 — I couldn’t stand trying to study while this was going on. I wanted to be around people and be a part of the whole process.” Paul Palmera ’65, an avid Kerry supporter watching returns in the lower Blue Room, expressed concern with the early returns. “Bush has a lot of electoral votes already and a lot of big states seem to be leaning towards him,” he said. “I don’t

think it looks good — I’m worried.” Carina Wallance ’06, who watched some of the returns while waiting for a friend in the lower Blue Room, said she agreed the early returns did not look promising for Kerry. “As you watch this and as you see it be so split, it’s amazing to watch this country to so 50-50 over a president who has messed up so much,” she said. Kevin Schwanfelder ’05 said he had New Mexico’s interests at heart as he watched the returns. “I’m from a swing state that Gore won last election by just 366 votes,” he said. “So I’m especially watching for New Mexico, to make sure we swing the right way.” Schwanfelder helped the Brown Democrats with voter registration earlier in the semester. Nadia Maccabee ’08 spent the day calling potential Democratic voters for the Brown Democrats. Maccabee watched the returns in the Lower Blue Room with Tumiski. “We’ve just decided that Kerry’s going to win,” she said with a laugh, early in the evening. “We’re just trying to stay positive with the big picture.” Maccabee said she was disappointed with the outcomes of some of the referenda in other states, including several that banned gay marriage and civil unions. But she added being involved in the political process was “inspiring” and gave her an appreciation for all of the issues affected the by election results. “The fact that this has been such a mobilizing force — that’s inspiring,” she said. By 11:15 p.m., most students were concentrated in the Lower Blue Room, and the projector in Leung Gallery was taken down. Despite diminishing attendance late in the evening, some said they would remain until more returns were confirmed. Maccabee said although the outcome does not look good for Kerry, she intended to watch the entire process play out. “Mark (Tumiski) and I definitely aren’t going to sleep at all,” she said. At 1:15 a.m., David Dryer ’07 took a walk to clear his head. “Before, whatever he did, he didn’t have a mandate for. But now, this is America … and it burns me like nothing else,” Dryer said. “It’s like the death of something.”


THE BATTLE FOR T Presidency continued from page 1 Democrats in Jacksonville, Fla., were so pleased that they called the supervisor of elections, a Republican, to pay their compliments. “We couldn’t be happier,” said Duval County Democratic Chairman Clyde Collins. The early returns shaped up the way most experts had predicted. Bush swept the South — including Florida— and carried West Virginia, the states of the Great Plains and Colorado. Kerry secured his base in the Northeast and captured New Hampshire, a state Bush won four years ago. Kerry also won Maryland and Pennsylvania, a state the president had visited more than any other. Kerry swept the West Coast, carrying California, Oregon and Washington state. He also won New York and Illinois and among the biggest prizes. Both sides expressed confidence even as the outcome hung in doubt, mindful of how the last presidential race wound up in front of the U.S. Supreme Court after weeks of uncertainty. “I believe I will win, thank you, very much,” the president told a group of reporters ushered in for a photo opportunity Tuesday evening at the White House, where Bush and family members watched the election returns. “I feel good about it. ... It’s going to be an exciting evening.” Ohio’s two Republican senators issued a statement early this morning urging Kerry to concede and “and spare the country the turmoil of another drawn out election.” Speaking to reporters in Boston, where the senator from Massachusetts was surrounded at his Beacon Hill mansion by his family, Kerry spokesman Mike McCurry told reporters, “At the end of the day, we win. I’m not sure what day, but we win.” As yet another inconclusive election night wore on, the candidates stayed out of sight. Their supporters, gathered at marathon receptions, did their best to remain festive, the mood shifting through the night as the TV networks colored in their big screen maps. In Washington, where Bush supporters gathered in the atrium of the Ronald Reagan Building, the spirits of the president’s supporters soared after midnight as the results seemed to shift in the president’s favor. Waving miniature American flags and toasting with champagne-filled flutes, the crowd cheered wildly as the numbers suggested that Bush’s was inching closer to victory. “We’re going to stay all night,” a member of a country band proclaimed after the group delivered a rousing rendition of Woody Guthrie’s “This Land is Your Land.” In Boston, the atmospherics were almost the opposite, good cheer giving way to anxiety and a touch of defiance as the night wore on. A little after 1 a.m. local time, a cheer went up from supporters milling in rain-drenched Copley Plaza when CNN declared Ohio too close to call. “We still believe,” shouted a man, holding aloft a sign that read, “If the Red Sox can do it, so can Kerry.” It was a long night for the contestants as well — one in a succession, as the two wrapped up the campaign with a punishing final push that continued even after the polls had opened Tuesday. His eyes puffy from fatigue, Bush started the day by casting his ballot at the fire station in Crawford, Texas, near his vacation ranch. Asked by reporters about the passions his presidency had stirred, Bush laughed. “I take that as a compliment. It means I’m willing to take a stand,” he told reporters. As the president spoke, his wife, Laura, held his hand and stroked it with her thumb. “That’s why I’m comfortable about this election. I’ve given it my all,” Bush said. After voting, Bush headed back to Washington to watch the election returns. He stopped in Columbus, Ohio, where he dropped by the state GOP headquarters to thank campaign volunteers. Over the door, a handmade sign read, “Leave no phone number behind” — a play on the president’s education slogan to “leave no child behind.” He took over one phone call from a volunteer. “Julie, this is President Bush calling. How are you?” he said into the phone, putting his finger into his other ear. “No, I promise you it’s me. ... I’m proud to have your support.” And with that, the president ended his run for reelection. On the flight back to Washington, Bush and his staff relaxed by watching a slideshow of campaign photos. In the evening, about 25 close family and friends of the first couple gathered in the White House residence for a buffet dinner and to watch returns. Kerry began Election Day at 1:30 a.m. CST, greeting jubilant supporters huddled in a chilly airport hangar in La Crosse, Wis. After catching several hours of sleep, the Democratic candidate met with volunteers heading out to canvass for votes, telling them, “I’m counting on you.” “We’re linking hearts and hands, and we’re going to take

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4 America back to a better place,” Kerry said. Afterward, he flew to Boston and was joined by his wife and two daughters, who accompanied him to his polling place at the Massachusetts Statehouse. “I don’t think anyone can anticipate what it’s like seeing your name on the ballot for president,” he told reporters afterward. In keeping with his Election Day tradition, Kerry had lunch at the Union Oyster House and did not appear the least bit queasy — he ordered a dozen littleneck clams, coleslaw, mashed potatoes, sole and a dark ale. Afterward, he headed to a hotel adjacent to the plaza, where he squeezed in a last burst of campaigning, conducting 38 satellite interviews with TV stations around the country in four hours. (Bush tried to do four last-minute satellite interviews with Florida stations, but the cloud cover over Columbus, Ohio, prevented communication.) Tuesday’s results capped one of the most tumultuous periods in American history — a span that included the disputed 2000 election, the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks, two wars and a prolonged and nasty presidential campaign that was the costliest ever. Bush took office in 2001 after losing the popular vote to Vice President Al Gore by more than 500,000 votes, after the 5-4 Supreme Court ruling ended a 37-day stalemate over Florida’s electoral votes. The Texas governor had campaigned as “a different kind

of Republican,” promising to bridge the partisan divide that lingered in Washington from the Clinton era. Instead, Bush proved to be one of the nation’s most polarizing presidents, turning red and blue from mere colors to the symbolic shadings of a deeply split nation. Despite the absence of a popular mandate, Bush pursued a conservative agenda of tax cuts, deregulation and faithbased social policies, working around the Democratic minority in Congress to achieve his goals. Republicans were thrilled, supporting him in numbers that even Ronald Reagan never enjoyed. Democrats grew bitter, all the more so as their relevancy in Washington continued to shrink. Just about eight months into his term, the president enjoyed middling approval ratings, and the dominant political issue was the growing controversy over stem cell research, which Bush sought to limit. Gore was contemplating a repeat run, and other Democrats were eager to jump into the contest against an incumbent who seemed a fair bet to wind up a one-termer. That changed on a sparkling September morning, when hijackers commandeered four passenger jets and killed nearly 3,000 people in the worst act of terrorism on U.S. soil. After the attacks, Bush rallied a shellshocked nation behind the invasion of Afghanistan, routing the Taliban government that sheltered al-Qaida terrorists and the 9/11 mas-



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Peter Henderson / Herald

termind, Osama bin Laden. At one point, Bush’s approval rating hit 90 percent — a record for a sitting president — and pundits declared him a shoo-in for reelection in 2004. The decision to invade Iraq in March 2003 was also popular at first. Bush cited many reasons to go to war a second time, but the main one was to prevent a repeat of 9/11 by stopping Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein from striking with the weapons of mass destruction that U.S. intelligence suggested he was harboring. Even though major allies such as Germany and France balked, the invasion initially went well — too well, Bush later said, leaving opposition forces to melt away and regroup as the insurgents battling U.S. forces today. Despite the administration’s ominous warnings, however, the weapons of mass destruction never materialized, and the spiraling death toll — now surpassing 1,000 U.S. troops — caused many Americans to second-guess the president. Adding to his political problems, Bush was also the first president in 72 years to preside over a net loss of jobs, as Kerry ceaselessly reminded voters. That weak performance, combined with the worsening situation in Iraq, dragged down Bush’s approval ratings to the 45 percent-to-50 percent range — not good, not bad. On the Democratic side, Gore’s decision to step aside

threw the party’s nominating contest wide open. Kerry was an early favorite, based on his enviable fundraising base and collection of top-notch strategists. But he foundered on his difficulty in connecting with audiences and his inability to distill a coherent, compelling message — problems that plagued him throughout the fall campaign. The surprise of 2003 was former Vermont Gov. Howard Dean, whose passionate antiwar rhetoric and innovative use of the Internet catapulted him to the front of the Democratic field. Kerry, given up for dead by most political pundits, gambled by mortgaging his Boston mansion and wagering millions on a victory in the opening Iowa caucuses. Coming from far back in the pack of nine Democratic candidates, his big win there catapulted him to the nomination, past Edwards, who finished a surprising second. With little left in the bank, many expected Kerry would be buried in a blizzard of negative advertising that Bush began almost the instant his Democratic rival emerged. But Kerry stayed competitive with the president in the polls, quickly replenishing his campaign coffers and getting a big lift from millions of dollars in advertisements placed by independent liberal groups. The so-called 527 groups, named after their governing provision in the tax code, rose to new prominence in the election as a result of reform legislation that restricted dona-

tions to the major political parties. It was an independent conservative group, formed by a group of Vietnam veterans, that proved the most nettlesome to Kerry’s campaign. Though many of their claims about Kerry’s military actions in Vietnam proved false, the group — calling itself Swift Boat Veterans for Truth — managed to scuff up Kerry’s reputation as a decorated veteran. Kerry had made his war heroism the centerpiece of his summer nominating convention, and many Democrats came to view that decision as a major strategic blunder. Bush’s convention, set in New York City, was built around memories of Sept. 11 and relentless attacks on Kerry’s credibility and capacity to serve as a wartime commander in chief. Bush surged in the polls, and by Labor Day, many had written Kerry’s political obituary for the second time in the campaign. Assailing Kerry as a flip-flopper and warning of the continued threat of terrorism, the president appeared in a position to close out the race entering a series of three debates last month. But Kerry’s strong performance — and Bush’s peevish behavior in their first meeting — helped put the Massachusetts senator back into the contest, allowing him to pull even with Bush in opinion polls. There the campaign stayed, knotted until Election Day, when pollsters declared the contest simply too close to call.


GOP expands majority in Senate, maintains control of House S E N AT E

WASHINGTON, D.C. (The Washington

Post) — Republicans Tuesday expanded their slender majority in the Senate, grabbing seats from the Democratic Party in at least four southern states, staving off challenges in other tight races and insuring that the GOP would have a more workable margin for legislative battles to come. Republican pickups came in North and South Carolina, Georgia and Louisiana, where Democratic retirements had given the GOP opportunities in its base region. Late last night, it also appeared that a Republican Mel R. Martinez, the former secretary of housing and urban development, was headed for victory in Florida, in the battle for the seat vacated by outgoing Democratic Sen. Bob Graham. Senate Minority Leader Tom Daschle, D-S.D., was in the political fight of his life. With more than three-quarters of the vote counted, he trailed former Republican Rep. John Thune by nearly 7,000 votes. But Daschle spokesman Dan Pfeiffer insisted there were still “a lot of votes to be counted,” including ones from Indian reservations where Daschle is popular. The overall results were a resounding disappointment to Democrats, who were hoping to exploit the closeness of as many as 10 of the 34 Senate races this year to retake control of the Senate. The Republicans, who hold a slim 51-vote majority, were poised to expand their majority by as many as four or five seats, depending on whether Daschle went down or Democrat Ken Salazar defeated Republican Pete Coors for the Colorado Senate seat held by retiring GOP Sen. Ben Nighthorse Campbell. Salazar went on to victory early this morning. Although the expanded GOP margin would still be a few votes short of the 60 needed to push through legislation without risk of Democratic filibusters, the strengthened position could ease the passage of major legislation and approval of judicial appointments, should President Bush secure re-election. Senate Majority Leader Bill Frist, R-Tenn., would be far less dependent on the votes of a group of moderate Republicans from the Northeast to enact legislation. The sole bright spot for the Democrats was the resounding victory of Illinois state Sen. Barack Obama in his bid to succeed retiring U.S. Sen. Peter Fitzgerald (R). For a while Tuesday, the Democrats thought they might be able to upset veteran Sen. Arlen Specter, R-Pa., but Specter fended off the challenge of Rep. Joseph M. Hoeffel III, D-Pa.. Thirty-four of the Senate’s 100 seats were at stake in Tuesday’s voting, and as many as 10 contests were considered too close to call when polls opened. Democrats were defending 19 seats, four more than the Republicans, including five open seats in southern states, where Republicans are on the

rise. The Republican showing in the southern and mid-Atlantic states set a high bar for Democrats in their bid to take control of the Senate, now split between 51 Republicans, 48 Democrats and one Independent who sides with the Democrats. A rising Democratic star, Obama easily won in Illinois, defeating Republican Alan Keyes in the first Senate race between two AfricanAmericans. Sen. Russell Feingold (DWis.) won reelection, according to network projections, despite earlier predictions of a tight race. Daschle was running behind Thune in South Dakota, after a bruising campaign featuring an unprecedented barrage of attack advertisements and spending that broke records for Senate races. With the exception of Bunning and Daschle, most sitting senators faced little serious opposition, regardless of their political leanings. The power of incumbency was aiding conservative Republicans such as Sen. Judd Gregg (N.H.), Richard C. Shelby (Ala.), and Sam Brownback (Kan.), and liberal Democrats Patrick J. Leahy ( Vt.), Ron Wyden (Ore.) and Byron L. Dorgan, D-N.D.. No race produced odder twists and turns than the one between the 73-year-old Bunning, a former major league pitcher elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame, and Mongiardo, 44, who had been little known until the last few weeks. In one of a series of gaffes, Bunning suggested that his opponent looked like one of Saddam Hussein’s sons. On other occasions he revealed that he had not read a newspaper in six weeks, and said the United States was attacked by terrorists on Nov. 11. In Florida, Martinez had been handpicked by President Bush’s top political adviser, Karl Rove, and hitched himself closely to the president and his brother, Florida Gov. Jeb Bush. Betty Castor, a Democratic moderate and former president of the University of South Florida, stressed education and jobs. Candidates raised record amounts of money, and the airwaves were also filled with ads financed by party committees and outside advocacy groups, including anti-abortion and abortion rights groups, labor unions, environmentalists and the National Rifle Association. In the hotly contested Senate race in sparsely populated South Dakota, spending by the candidates totaled more than $50 per voter. According to the nonpartisan Campaign Finance Institute, the average Senate candidate running in the general election had raised $4.8 million by midOctober, compared with $3.2 million when these same seats were at stake six years ago. Most of the increase was racked up by incumbents, the institute found. Average receipts for challengers have remained virtually the same since 1998, it said.


WASHINGTON, D.C. (The Washington Post)

— Republicans were assured of

keeping their majority in the House Tuesday and were hoping to expand it, as they ousted four Texas Democrats and protected hard-pressed incumbents in Kentucky, North Carolina, Connecticut and elsewhere. Democrats had their own bright spots, defending tough seats in Kansas and Georgia and ousting the House’s longest-serving Republican, Philip Crane of Illinois. Democrats also defeated first-term Rep. Max Burns, R-Ga. Elsewhere, however, Democrats missed several opportunities to knock off vulnerable Republicans. That failure, coupled with the Texas setbacks, left them virtually no hope of picking up the 12 seats they needed to regain the majority they lost a decade ago. Instead, they were hoping to keep their losses to a minimum on a day that featured few House upsets. Just as Republicans had planned, Texas became a graveyard for several Democratic veterans. Thirteen-term Rep. Martin Frost (D) lost to four-term Rep. Pete Sessions (R) in a bitter Dallas face-off, and Rep. Charles W. Stenholm — another Democrat with 26 years in the House — lost to first-term Rep. Randy Neugebauer (R) in the panhandle. Four-term Rep. Max Sandlin (D) fell to former judge Louis Gohmert (R), and four-term Rep. Nicholas V. Lampson (D) lost to another GOP former judge, Ted Poe. The four Democrats — who had a combined total of 68 years in the House — fell victim to a bitterly partisan redistricting plan orchestrated last year by Texas’s GOP-controlled legislature. The only targeted Democrat who stood a chance of surviving the

Perry continued from page 1 David Cicilline ’83, said the results were what they had expected, but the race was one of Perry’s most competitive. The general election began Sept. 15, after Perry emerged from the Democratic primary with 80.9 percent of the vote against Christopher Young, who previously ran against Cicilline in the 2002 mayoral race. Although Perry and Fain held similar positions on social issues such as gay marriage and abortion, Fain emphasized his stance as a political newcomer while Perry promoted her senate record on a host of issues. “What we tried to do, and I think we succeeded, was present my record and what he said about each issue that differed,” Perry said. Fain, publisher and co-editor of the East Side Monthly, acknowledged that the race heated up as it progressed. “It got, unfortunately, a bit more unpleasant,” he said. “I still maintain that the current system — in terms of Brown votes — is stacked against independents.” He added that literature alleging he opposed Brown students’ right to vote in Rhode Island was circulated around the campus on Tuesday, too close to the election for him to

strategy was Rep. Chet Edwards, who faced state Rep. Arlene Wohlgemuth (R) in a district stretching from Fort Worth to Waco. In state after state, Democrats ran spirited but unsuccessful challenges against targeted GOP members. In western North Carolina, Patsy Keever (D) failed to topple Rep. Charles Taylor (R). In Indiana, Rep. John N. Hostettler (R) held off Democrat Jon Jennings, and Rep. Chris Chocola (R) survived Democratic businessman Joe Donnelly’s bid. In Connecticut, two-term Rep. Rob Simmons (R) held off Norwich city councilman Jim Sullivan (D), and nine-term Rep. Christopher Shays (R) was struggling to survive a strong bid by Diane Farrell (D). Republicans entered the elections with 229 of the House’s 435 seats, counting recent vacancies in two GOP-leaning districts. His Democratic counterpart, Rep. Robert Matsui, D-Calif., said there was “no way we could have prevailed” given the outcome in Texas. He agreed there was no national trend, adding, “we just didn’t see the massive repudiation (of GOP rule) many of us expected.” With more than 90 percent of all House seats considered safe for the incumbent party, Democrats had precious few chances to shrink the Republican majority. The House will see only modest changes in the 109th Congress that convenes in January. Speaker Dennis Hastert, R-Ill., would be likely to keep his post, as would Majority Leader Tom DeLay, RTexas. The top Democrats — Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi, DCalif., and Whip Steny Hoyer, DMd. — also expected no problems winning reelection or keeping their leadership posts. Hard-pressed Democratic

respond. Kelly Hall ’06, chairman of the Brown Democrats’ legislative committee, said the information was distributed by the Perry campaign and reflected a statement Fain had made in a debate with Perry last week at a neighborhood association meeting. Several residents who were at the meeting told The Herald that a citizen asked Fain if Brown students should be allowed to vote. Fain responded by saying that though he previously believed they should, he’s recently changed his mind. He cited a Herald endorsement of his opponent and a Herald guest column written by Segal in support of Perry. Fain said the statement was made “facetiously.” Still, Hall said, “disenfranchising Brown students is not something he should be joking about.” Hall added that the Brown Democrats assisted the Perry campaign by phone-banking, distributing literature, “dorm storming” and standing outside polling places for 14 hours on Tuesday. “I think Brown students had a huge impact on her victory,” Hall said. “They really put their time and energy into Rhoda Perry, and it paid off.” Fain, a former president of the College Hill Neighborhood Association, maintained that

incumbents who survived Tuesday included Rep. Leonard L. Boswell of Iowa, Jim Marshall of Georgia, Dennis Moore of Kansas and Tim Bishop of New York. Rep. Stephanie Herseth (D) was leading GOP challenger Larry Diedrich, who narrowly lost to Herseth in a June special election. After four decades in the minority, Republicans had taken over the House in 1994, when they netted 52 seats from the Democrats in a drive led by Newt Gingrich, R-Ga. Democrats made very modest gains in the next three House elections, but Republicans offset most of them by picking up six seats in 2002. Democrats won two GOP-held seats in special elections earlier this year. But those gains were wiped out when two Democratic members — one from Texas, one from Louisiana — switched to the Republican Party. Among the notable races Tuesday, Wisconsin state Sen. Gwen Moore (D) was favored to become the state’s first African American elected to Congress by claiming the seat being vacated by Rep. Gerald D. Kleczka (D) in Milwaukee. Her GOP opponent was lawyer Gerald Boyle. While most incumbents were poised for easy wins, candidates in close races launched lastminute turnout blitzes. Volunteers for two-term Rep. Jim Matheson, D-Utah, for example, called nearly 10,000 likely supporters by Tuesday afternoon, according to Matheson spokeswoman Megan Carney. And Matheson’s camp was quick to challenge GOP poll watchers in Washington County who sported Republican insignia on placards, calling Lt. Gov. Gayle McKeachnie (R) to complain. McKeachnie ordered poll watchers to remove all partisan accessories.

he did not have equal access to the Brown community. “My hope is that in the future the Brown student body will make more of an effort to allow Independents the opportunity … to their get message across,” Fain said. According to Perry, her campaign communicated her State Senate record through doorknocking and local outreach. “I didn’t have the luxury of doing poll after poll,” she said. Fain had a professional pollster, but he said his campaign was a novice effort compared to Perry’s. “(Perry) marshaled the total resources of the Democratic party against an independent like myself,” he said. “(My campaign) was really eight or nine of us who got around a table and decided to give it our best shot. … We knew from the getgo that it would be an uphill struggle.” Fain said he will remain involved in politics, though he is not certain in what capacity. “I think the bug has bitten me,” he said. In the meantime, Perry said she looks forward to continuing to work on legislation regarding public transportation, health care and gay marriage after recovering from the stress of the campaign. “The molten lava in my chest is no longer there,” she said. “It’s such a relief.”


Jo’s continued from page 1 “I feel like the wind is knocked out of me,” said Ryan Tierney ’05, who watched the election coverage from his Vartan Gregorian Quad suite. Daniel Fombonne ’07 shared the sentiment, calling the election results “pathetic.” Other students expressed frus-

W. x-c continued from page 12 training for the indoor track season’s 800-meter race, where last year she was the Heptagonal champion in both indoors and outdoors. Ferjan began running cross country just this year. The Bears improved from last year’s last-place finish, beating

Volleyball continued from page 12 had 13 digs to complete a doubledouble of her own. Martin’s performance wasn’t the only record breaking one of the weekend. With 39 digs against Princeton, Kung set the Brown record for digs in a season with 532, surpassing the previous record of 519 set by Tomo Nakanishi ’00 in 1996. Offensively, Gibbs led the team with 19 kills. Also racking up double-digit kills were MandoliniTrummel and Liz Cvitan ’07 with 14 and 11, respectively.

Pats continued from page 12 set of initial conditions can doom a team for a whole game. Every aspect, every player, is so interrelated that seemingly small mishaps or game plan adjustments have the potential to throw a team off its game entirely. It’s no coincidence that the Patriots never let their opponents score a touchdown on the opening drive during the streak. But not every team would have been able to capitalize on the potholes in New England’s road to victory, and for that you must commend Pittsburgh. Most noticeable was when Law left the game. Steelers quarterback Ben

tration at the ineffectiveness of John Kerry’s campaign. “I feel let down by him,” Tierney said. He added that Kerry should have done a better job of conveying his stance on the war on terror and other key issues. Many students were pessimistic about the future of the country. “I am really scared, because there has been bad damage. But it could get so much worse,” said Rachel Golub ’05. She expressed particular concern

that the United States’ reputation in the world, already damaged by Bush’s foreign policy, would only get worse. “America has to take a good look at itself,” Fombonne said. Not everyone was disappointed. Shortly after NBC called Ohio for Bush, one student shouted from his Chapin House window, “Viva la Bush!” “Viva la (expletive),” a passerby on Thayer Street shouted back.

out eighth-place Penn by 41 points. And despite the seventhplace finish, Wemple was pleased with the team’s performance. “Based on the circumstances, I was proud of their aggressiveness,” Wemple said. “They followed our team strategy and stayed out in front of the main pack, but without a full healthy squad, we just couldn’t hold the pace.” “I think we have the ability to

finish off the season on a stronger note and use it as a good kickoff for the indoor season,” Wemple said. The Bears will travel back to Van Cortlandt Park for the NCAA Regional Championships on Nov. 13.

For the Bears, this was the second straight weekend with a road trip — the team went a combined 1-3 during that span. “Traveling sometimes affects your play, especially with younger players who aren’t used to it” Martin said. “This was our longest bus trip of the season and road trips can get you out of your normal routine.” Despite the two weekend losses, the team took with it some positive notes for the remainder of the season. “Now, there is nothing to be nervous about,” Gibbs said. “We have nothing to lose.” The Bears have five more games left this season, all of which Roethlisberger immediately threw a deep ball to Plaxico Burress, who was matched up against rookie replacement Randall Gay, for a touchdown. Burress is to Gay as Pedro Martinez is to Nelson de la Rosa — bigger. It would have been the right playcall even if Gay had come down with a pick. (I should say that the de la Rosa phenomenon is ridiculous, but it does make for a good reference.) Some have questioned whether Brady is right this year, especially after the Steelers game. If you look at his numbers so far this year, they aren’t too much different from in years past. But Brady’s best attributes don’t shine through on the stat sheet anyway, and they were practically hidden against Pittsburgh. He threw a

Herald staff writer Katie Larkin ’08 covers women’s cross-country. She can be reached at are against Ivy League opponents they have already played. The team is confident that its second run through the league will be more optimistic. “We’ve seen every (Ivy League) team play and it’s definitely a bonus for us” Martin said. “We can go back and critique our play against them and look for ways to improve.” This weekend, Bruno hosts Harvard University on Friday night and Dartmouth College on Saturday afternoon. Herald staff writer Marco Santini ’07 covers volleyball. He can be reached at very bad interception. He threw inaccurate balls, and not just on deep routes. His pocket awareness was worse than usual. Fortunately for the Patriots, the streak-ending loss was just one of 16 contests, and Brady has shown himself to still be excellent in his starts leading up to last Sunday. Until he proves otherwise, he’s Mr. Clutch, a fact that his next opponent, the St. Louis Rams, know all too well. The Pats will try to keep recent baseball precedent alive and win next Sunday. If they do, St. Louis sports fans, it might seem, just can’t have anything. Eric Perlmutter ’06 caught a touchdown in intramural football while being covered by Nelson de la Rosa.




Absent voters Before yesterday’s election, many analysts predicted that a surge of young, first-time voters would have a significant impact on the results. And they did — by not showing up. Both political parties and a host of outside groups made concerted efforts to mobilize America’s historically underrepresented youth. But according to exit polls, only 17 percent of voters were under 29 years old, and less than 10 percent were under 24. Those on the liberal side of the political spectrum were particularly optimistic about youth turnout, and the failure of that turnout to materialize was part of the reason John Kerry also underperformed expectations on Tuesday. We are embarrassed and deeply disappointed by the failure of our generation to fulfill this basic responsibility of citizenship. The persistent weakness of the youth vote is in part due to barriers beyond our control — young people are disproportionately affected by problems with voter registration and absentee ballots. But bureaucratic inefficiency alone doesn’t explain this year’s overwhelmingly lackluster turnout. It is simply not that difficult to vote. It is inexcusable that so many of our peers felt they did not know enough or did not care enough to vote. The issues at stake in this election have a direct and obvious impact on our lives. It is our civil liberties, our job prospects and our personal freedoms at stake. The soldiers fighting and dying in Iraq are our age. They are our friends, classmates and peers. We realize that this message is directed at the wrong population; Brown students are more politically involved than most, and Providence poll workers confirmed that our turnout on Tuesday was high. But there is clearly a basic message that we understand but many of our peers do not. After our failure to turn out on Tuesday, the political establishment is likely to conclude that efforts to mobilize the youth vote are doomed to be unsuccessful. The responsibility will fall to us to mobilize, to educate and to make sure that this does not happen again. The final outcome of the presidential race won’t be known for another week and a half, as the country waits for Ohio to count its provisional ballots and allocate its 20 electoral votes. Until then, whether or not we voted, there is little to do but wait and see. And if we are dissatisfied with the results, the first place we should point the blame is our generation.

THE BROWN DAILY HERALD EDITORIAL Juliette Wallack, Editor-in-Chief Philissa Cramer, Executive Editor Julia Zuckerman, Executive Editor Jen Sopchockchai, Arts & Culture Editor Leslie Kaufmann, Assistant Arts & Culture Editor Danielle Cerny, Campus Watch Editor Jonathan Ellis, Metro Editor Sara Perkins, News Editor Dana Goldstein, RISD News Editor Alex Carnevale, Opinions Editor Ben Yaster, Opinions Editor Ian Cropp, Sports Editor Christopher Hatfield, Sports Editor Bernie Gordon, Assistant Sports Editor Chris Mahr, Assistant Sports Editor Eric Perlmutter, Assistant Sports Editor PRODUCTION Peter Henderson, Design Editor Amy Ruddle, Copy Desk Chief Melanie Wolfgang, Copy Desk Chief Eddie Ahn, Graphics Editor Judy He, Photo Editor Nick Neely, Photo Editor

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LETTERS War on Drugs goes on with no apparent end To the Editor: Katherine Cummings ’06 (“Taking their eyes off the ball,” Nov. 1) wants to talk about drugs. I do, too. I write as scholar and translator, citizen activist, Brown doctorate, and as mother, grandmother and longtime member of the academic/artistic community. Political campaigning, adapted to relatively “safe” and “popular” assertions, slogans and opportunistic insults, tends to avoid basic questions about where money comes from and how it’s really spent. Even the gross national product omits lucrative illegal drug-dealing — as I was surprised to learn years ago on a visit to the New York Stock Exchange, at a time when marijuana was the second-largest cash-crop of California. This year, according to an article on the front page of USA Today, Afghanistan has had a bumper crop of poppies, its largest production of heroin ever. Only a small proportion of its cash value (which is in the tens of billions) will remain in Afghanistan; most of the crop is destined for Europe. I haven’t checked out the latest on cocaine. Study of the annual New York Times Index of headlines over recent decades reveals the escalation of bulk quantities of illegal drugs seized and of their dollar value — though not necessarily what happens to the seized goods or their dollar value. Cummings writes about a “war” that puts too many of the young, poor and dark-skinned in jail; but I am concerned about how that war enters

schools that oppress the young, diagnose rich and poor with ADD and other ailments I never heard about when I was young and medicate these children legally — while some are already finding their own consciousness-altering substances to imbibe, ingest, inhale and inject. Just as one can get an education in prison, so too one can be locked up (and locked away) in school. All middle schools in Providence, for instance, are defined as failing schools. It is no surprise if the lively and enterprising young shut up in them find mind-altering excitement on their own. I see groups defined as “students” straggling to nearby Hope High in the very late morning, on their way not to learn, but to eat lunch; others arrive on time, true, but I have smelled pot smoke in the building's corridors. As for job performance: drugs may at times impede it, at times enhance it, but often it’s drugs that make the job tolerable. Too bad Cummings did not bring her questions to the attention of New York University law professor Derrick Bell, who was quoted in the same issue of The Herald. The “new answers” she calls for will, it seems, have to come from her generation.

Blossom Kirschenbaum Ph.D. ’76 Nov. 1

POST- MAGAZINE Ellen Wernecke, Editor-in-Chief Jason Ng, Executive Editor Micah Salkind, Executive Editor Abigail Newman, Theater Editor Josh Cohen, Design Editor Fritz Brantley, Features Editor Jeremy Beck, Film Editor Jonathan C. Liu, Music Editor

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Several weeks ago, some subversive friends and I stumbled into a darkened room on the top floor of Steinert Hall to hear Isabel Rocamora, a self-proclaimed “anti-gravity artist,” speak about her work as part of a Computer Music Department-sponsored “Digital Happy Hour.” In addition to the slides projected from her shiny iBook showing Rocamora suspended from a harness, she also flipped through screens listing the states of consciousness that interested her, as well as an image attempted to depict what her dreams look like, which seemed to be a collage of a greenish splotch blurrily overlapping a Tuscan wall. The happy hour attendees asked some pointed questions about potential critiques of generalizing about the listed states of consciousness and the signifiers in the green and brown colors in the dream image. Others’ comments related to their own work involving body sensors and movement-initiated interactive media. The comments were all insular and dealt with the minutiae of the piece. No one questioned the overall validity of Rocamora’s art, what “anti-gravity art” exactly is, whether it has artistic merit or value, or whether that value was effectively communicated via aesthetic means. Surrounded by faculty and grad students, my feeling there was decidedly one of intrusion — of crashing a secret digital party that I wasn't meant to be part of. Therefore I, an informed artistic consumer but essentially an outsider to the new media scene, didn’t say anything. So what exactly is new media and what do the insiders to this digital cult actually do? If one looks at the meaning of the word media’s Latin root — medius — then media can be understood as a physical intermediary necessary for communication: the pause between the progress from something voiceless to something voiced. This “new” media would then mean technological progress and innovation: in our time, the media derived from computers, the Internet and their never-ending stream of related technologies. New media can be self-contained or interactive; it can be produced digitally, consumed digitally, or both. What new media practitioners essentially do is use their specialized (and oftentimes substantially honed through higher education) set of artistic and techie know-how to combine the traditional arts — visual, musical, written and performative — with new technologies.

On the graduate and faculty level, Brown has in many ways earned a title in the (insider) public as a bastion of new media. With each passing semester, Brown hires more faculty members working in new media. Next fall the Department of Music will launch a new Ph.D. program in computer music and multimedia, expanding their current masters degree program. So then, the problem with current state of new media study and production at Brown is not its potential to be a fertile ground for this kind of art, because it could be argued that this potential has already been realized. The

Contributing to a community of new media. problem, rather, is that lay people and outsiders interested in the new media scene have to be involved or at least accepted in order to ensure that the work that comes out of this field at Brown is of a high enough caliber that it can achieve whole new levels of visibility in the community outside of Brown. Although Brown students and faculty involved in new media do individually specialize in different genres, technologies, and media, this group specialization in the broader but still marginalized category of “new media,” and the intrinsic specialization that comes along with being a professor or graduate student, disallows the influence of one of Brown’s greatest strengths: its open curriculum and the diverse and flexible interdisciplinary talents and interests of undergraduate scholars produced from this curriculum. A friend of mine took an “Unpublishable Poetry” course in the English department where he complained that not much interesting work was produced by the class. He linked this dismal creative state to the inability of anyone in the course to criticize anyone else's work. He proposed this quiscence was rooted in the class’ common fear of criticism because, due to the “fringe” nature of the topic — its lacking a canon-esque foundation or pre-established validity in the art world — criticism itself

threatened to undermine the entire validity of taking the class in general. If one brick fell, the entire edifice would crumble. In this situation and in other circumstances in the “new art” world, the absence of both objective artistic producers or of outsiders unconcerned with undermining the validity of the art undercuts the candor and openness of opinion which forms the accepted basis of producing good art. In other words, similarly to the group gathered for Rocamora’s slide lecture, because too many people gathered with too much invested in the same edgy or experimental artistic agenda, the class teetered on the brink of artistic implosion, and therefore, cannibalism. If art is defined as creating aesthetic mediums for communicating ideas, then art should not have an “inclub.” Including lay people or outsiders in artistic projects will ensure their quality because they will ask the necessary objective and non-self-preservationist questions, like whether the project is aesthetically appealing and readable. The whole point of Brown's open curriculum is that studying different things and mixing people from different disciplinary backgrounds into similar intellectual and productive communities adds a richness to our education that would not otherwise be there. Sharing work makes it better. If Brown wanted to create insular groups it would have separate schools for each department, like other large universities. The whole reason that we're not separate is so that beneficial interaction between different disciplinary groups, lay people, and experts can happen: the very interactions that probably gave birth to a genre like new media in the first place. Brown undergraduates should form a new media club for more social interaction and idea and talentsharing, and they should make more and better use of existing avenues for work, like the undergraduates who put together Chaise Magazine last year. It would be a shame to waste the diverse undergraduate talent, specialized graduate and faculty expertise, and other University resources pooled here at our feet at Brown. I would like to call for the new media community to open the restricting harness of social and academic insiderism so that everyone may take a more fulfilling and more creditable dip in the digital pool. Emily Pudalov ’06 is a development studies concentrator.


A Turkish delight? The member states of the European Union are at a crucial turning point. On Dec. 16, the EU will vote whether or not to begin discussions concerning the accession of Turkey into the community, and there are a number of factors that could have the vote go either way. ΩThis decision must not be taken lightly, as it can have ramifications that well be felt by nations across the globe. There are many benefits of accepting Turkey into the EU. For starters, Turkey is a majority Islamic state, albeit not as strict as many. Incorporating Turkey into a European club would send a powerful message that would resonate with Islamic nations, destroying any of their notions that the West maintains conceptions that they are unable to cooperate with other nations, that their government styles are primitive and that oil and terrorism are essential to our involvement in the region. The inclusion of Turkey would be an example of a diplomatic and inclusive approach to a global society, setting the foundations for a bridge between the Western and the Islamic regions and for a partnership dealing with a range of issues — from poverty to terrorism. Those opposed to Turkey joining the EU were recently joined by Princeton historian and Western expert on Islam Bernard Lewis, who opined in an interview with the conservative paper Die Welt that Europe would be Islamic by the end of this century “at the very latest.” Lewis’ comment provoked discussion

among those who feel the same that allowing Turkey into the EU might be a step in that very direction. Such thoughts are no doubt alarmist considering the positives of Turkey joining the E.U., but it is true that admitting Turkey into the Union will force the

Arguing over whether or not Turkey should join the European Union. admission of other eastern European countries under consideration. Though about 75 percent of the country supports the idea, everything would not be good from the Turks’ perspective. Turkey already has a less-than-perfect economy; two years ago, the country was struggling with a recession. Stricter trade regulations would do nothing to help that. It is not a stretch to think that Turkey would lean on the EU for economic support; it would be the poorest of the EU nations, in addition to the largest. The idea of the EU having a large purse to aid these

countries is a myth. We only have to think of the struggling economies brought into the EU with the inclusion of the states of the former Eastern Bloc. Also, if accepted into the EU, Turkey would have to comply with the union’s laws, including those dealing with relocation within the region. In any case, Turkey’s entrance is not going to be so easy. Its presence on the island of Cyprus is likely to evoke a veto from the Nicosian government, one of the EU’s newest member states. In addition, the majority of France, including former President Valiry Giscard d’Estaing who referred to the possibility as the “end of Europe,” is against the nation’s entrance into the community (this interestingly enough excludes President Jacques Chirac). With Germany and Italy divided on the issue and considering bringing about a referendum, it seems that the U.K. and Ireland are leading support for Turkey’s inclusion. It would be surprising if Turkey makes it through the vote to open negotiations. Essentially, when considering the European Union’s future, the road does not look favorable to the Turks. Though the benefits could be enormous, there seems to be too much weighing on the “nay” side, at least immediately. Maybe we’ll see a greater deal of excitement about the next Islamic country with a population of 69 million that makes a bid to the EU.

Wilfred Codrington ’05 has more swing than Ohio.



Equestrian finishes second at Trinity meet, remains in first place in regional division

Courtesy of Jamie Peddy

Co-captain Jamie Peddy ’06 earned seven points in the open fences division in equestrian’s meet this past Saturday. BY MADELEINE MARECKI

Headlined by strong debuts in several class competitions, the equestrian team put forth a concerted effort at its show this past Saturday at Trinity College in Hartford, Conn. Despite the team’s aggressiveness, Brown was handed a tough loss, missing first

place by one point. In the closely contested show, the University of Connecticut finished on top with 37 points. Brown took second with 36 points, and Trinity rounded up the top three with 35 points. Brown took charge of the competition from the start, as it has done in every competition this

season. The squad opened the contest with a strong showing in the open fences class. With her first-place performance, co-captain Jamie Peddy ’06 earned seven points and was able to put Brown on the scoreboard immediately. Alexis Gilbard ’06 supported Peddy’s effort with a third-place finish in the same class. Marissa Geoffroy ’07 did not let the momentum slip — she captured first in intermediate fences, while Heidi Abrecht ’05 took second in novice fences. It was a special day for Geoffroy, who was named high point rider of the day in only her second collegiate competition. Solid performances were turned in by co-captain Leila Ledsinger ’04.5, Whitney Keefe ’08 and Peddy in open flat. Ledsinger headed the effort by winning the class, while Keefe and Peddy both earned third place accolades in their respective divisions. Geoffroy continued her impressive day with another firstplace showing, this time in intermediate flat. Co-captain Galyn Burke ’05 managed a third-place finish in her first showing in the novice flat class. In advanced walk-trot-canter, Katie Goetz ’08 was runner-up, while Cate Alsop ’05 took third. Jenny John ’06 made her debut in beginner walk-trot-canter and left no questions about her ability. Despite never having shown in this class, John secured first place.

Kim Mickenberg ’07 supported her teammate’s performance with a strong second-place finish in the same class. John’s performance brought Brown to 29 points, close behind UConn, Johnson and Wales, and Trinity. Reminiscent of the last competition at Teikyo Post University, the team winner of the show depended on the walk-trot, the last contest of the day. Sarah Morris ’08 and Rebecca Sills ’05 represented Brown well, with Morris taking first place in her first collegiate competition and Sills securing third. However, despite the seven points earned by point rider Morris, the equestrian team finished the show in second place. The competition marks the first loss for Brown after two winning shows. In the overall standings in the region, however, Brown currently holds first place and leads UConn by nine points. The equestrian team realizes that this lead can be short-lived. “This year we are definitely feeling the pressure from other teams in the region, perhaps more than in years past,” Ledsinger said. “We have been competing well but need to keep pulling in strong performances to ensure that we maintain our lead in the region.” The team heads to the University of Connecticut on Saturday.


The volleyball team (7-13, 4-5 Ivy) dropped both of its Ivy League matches this past weekend, despite some great individual performances. On Friday night, the team visited a strong University of Pennsylvania squad, which it had lost to 3-1 earlier this year. The two teams were very well matched and went back and forth with one another in five tough games. “The pace of the Penn game was pretty quick and intense,” said Lauren Gibbs ’06. “The lead went back and forth and we both had a few game points. It all depends on how the ball drops.” Penn took the first game 3024, but Bruno bounced back in the second game 31-21. The Quakers took Game Three 3026, and Bruno took Game Four 30-28. Game five went to extras, but Penn won 17-15 to take the match. “We both were strong teams,” said Leigh Martin ’06, who had 54 assists for the match. “Neither team dominated for a long period of time.” Katie Lapinski ’08 earned a

double-double with 11 kills and 12 digs. Defensively, Elvina Kung ’05 led the way with 23 digs followed by 15 from Rachel Lipman ’08. As a team, the Bears posted 10 blocks. Offensively, the Bears kept themselves in the game with a huge 18-kill performance by Gibbs. Rikki Baldwin ’07 and Julie Mandolini-Trummel ’08 added 13 kills each. The Bears’ Saturday afternoon match against Princeton University started well as they took the first game 30-25. But Princeton came alive, taking the following three games 3025, 30-27, and 30-21 for its sixth Ivy League victory of the season. Lapinski cashed in for her second double-double of the weekend, this time with 13 kills and 17 digs. Martin dished out 54 assists for the second straight match, propelling her over the 3000 assists mark for her career. Martin still ranks second on Brown’s all-time assist list but should break the record sometime next fall if she keeps up her current pace. Martin also

see VOLLEYBALL, page 9

Continuing a season of ups and downs, the women’s cross country team placed seventh out of eight teams Friday at the Ivy League Heptagonal Championships at Van Cortlandt Park in New York City. Columbia University won the meet, with Caroline Bierbaum placing first with a time of 17:12.2, the third-fastest time in the history of the Heps. Finishing after Columbia were Princeton University, Yale University, Dartmouth College, Cornell University, Harvard University, Brown and the University of Pennsylvania, respectively. Pacing the Bears was Naja Ferjan ’07, who was named to the second All-Ivy team for her 13th-place finish. Also scoring for the women were captain Julie Komosinski ’05 in 28th place, Michol Monaghan ’07 in 35th place, Anna Willard ’06 in 66th place and Herald staff writer Jilane Rodgers ’06 in 69th place. The team did not place as well as members expected. Injury and sickness prevented top runners Annie Hatch ’06, Willard and Anya Davidson ’06 from training as effectively as they hoped in preparation for the meet. But despite the hur-


dles, Komosinski was happy with individual performances. “We knew going into it that we would have obstacles,” Komosinski said. “The people that ran ran really well and showed a lot of dedication and passion. The team score doesn’t reflect those efforts.” Coach Richard Wemple projected that his team could have placed higher in the standings if the runners had been out in full force. The most competitive meet of the year for the women also came with the most challenging course. “It was my first time on the course. I thought it was more difficult than the others, but I liked it. The weather was nice, and I was prepared for the hills,” Ferjan said. Even with ideal weather for running, the 5 km course contained a straight mile of hills. Despite this, Ferjan posted her best time ever for a 5-kilometer race and Komosinski, Monaghan and Rodgers all ran personal bests on the course as well. Unfortunately, the team will be without Ferjan for their next race; she will not run at Regionals because she will be

New England sports fans, it seems, just can’t have everything. In the same week that the Boston Red Sox took the World Series for the first time in 86 years, the New England Patriots’ 21-game winning streak ended in ugly fashion in a 34-20 loss to the Pittsburgh Steelers. Were the Pats perturbed that they were no longer the best team in the region? Unlikely, especially for a group that began the streak as big time underdogs. But there is no need for theoretical speculation, because the story of the Patriots’ loss could be seen on the field. Anybody who watched that game should have come away with two main thoughts: first, that the Steelers were well prepared to face a Patriots team that entered the game with known weaknesses; and second, that these weaknesses stemmed largely from injuries to key Patriots players. Corey Dillon. Matt Light. Tom Ashworth. Dan Klecko. Ty Law. Tyrone Poole. (Not to mention Deion Branch.) It’s not an excuse to say that the Pats played poorly in part due to their absence. What team should be expected to win under those circumstances? The Pats had rookie tackle Brandon Gorin in for Ashworth, an offensive tackle, and eventually for Light at left tackle, where Gorin hadn’t practiced all week. He got dominated. And once the Patriots abandoned the run because they realized that Kevin Faulk without a real fullback wouldn’t do the job versus the New Steel Curtain, the Steelers couldn’t be held honest. The pass rush ran wild, defensive backs were everywhere, and the Patriots were playing ketchup. No Corey Dillon meant no running game (five yards on six carries), and that meant that quarterback Tom Brady was up against a defense geared only toward stopping him. It was like soccer when a team goes up by two goals only to drop 10 players back to defend — how do you break that? We all know the answer: usually, you don’t. And before you say, “they had no Dillon last year and dealt just fine,” last year’s squad never rushed for fewer than 56 yards in a game and, maybe more importantly, never had a single-digit carries total. Dillon would have at least had double-digits in yardage, no? That’s the tricky thing about football, more than any other sport: an unfortunate

see W. X-C, page 9

see PATS, page 9

W. cross country, plagued Volleyball dealt backto-back losses, despite by injuries, finishes 7th two notable milestones BY KATIE LARKIN

Pats streak ends at 21, but no need to worry yet

Wednesday, November 3, 2004  

The November 3, 2004 issue of the Brown Daily Herald