T H U R S D A Y OCTOBER 21, 2004
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD Volume CXXXIX, No. 93
An independent newspaper serving the Brown community since 1891
SAO changes in the works following staff departures
Library planners prepare to move 250,000 books BY CHIOKE HARRIS
BY ERIC BECK
After a summer of staff turnover in the Office of Student Life and the Student Activities Office, administrators are planning and implementing changes that they say will make the SAO more available and responsive to student leaders. Among the changes already implemented is transferring the bulk of responsibility for student leadership programming to the SAO. The restructuring occurred after the July departure of Coordinator of Leadership Programs Fran Lo ’97. Lo, who worked in both OSL and the SAO, was responsible for administering the Women’s Peer Counseling program, the Brown Outdoor Leadership Training program, the Brown Ropes Course in Bristol, student group advising and leadership programming. Lo’s departure coincided with the departure of other key administrators in the SAO and OSL, including former Director of Student Activities David Inman and former Dean for Campus Life Margaret Jablonski. The turnover left new administrators scrambling to implement student leadership programming. The WPC program was assigned to Associate Dean of Student Life Carla Hansen to ensure that it was properly coordinated, said Director of Student Activities Ricky Gresh. “The thought was that it was a pretty integral program for freshmen in particular, and we wanted to make sure we had it covered for the year,” he said. Most leadership programming, previously shared between OSL and the SAO, will now be coordinated through the SAO under Gresh, who came to Brown in July from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Interim Dean for Campus Life Margaret Klawunn said, “When (Lo) left
see SAO, page 4
Nick Neely / Herald
see LIBRARY, page 4
Pre-professional program prepares students for teacher certification BY STEPHANIE BUSS
While many college students change their concentrations many times, there are always a few who know exactly what they want to do. For such students interested in being secondary school teachers, the Undergraduate Teacher Education
Transportation Management Committee and director of Brown’s real estate and administrative services, spoke at the beginning of the UCS meeting. She gave a presentation on campus transportation and emphasized Brown’s efforts to encourage student usage of Rhode Island Public Transit Authority buses and trolleys. Brown is subsidizing local transportation for students by selling RIPTA fares for half price at the Brown Bookstore. The program is currently in a trial phase. Ben Creo ’07, UCS appointments chair, told the group that one student spot remains open on the ad hoc committee that will explore options for student storage. — Suchi Mathur
Program offers undergraduates the chance to receive teaching certification recognized by 44 states by the time they graduate. The program is very small — this year, seven students are participating. “I think (a UTEP participant) has to be someone who wants to professionalize in college and someone who is focused on being a teacher,” said biology UTEP Marti Kamlet ’05. Completion of the program requires taking five education courses and devoting the summer after junior year and one semester of senior year to teaching. UTEP is not a concentration; students must concentrate in one of the areas offering teacher certification — currently biology, English or history. Students apply to the program during the fall semester of junior year. Next year, engineering will be offered for the first time as an area in which students can receive certification. Associate Professor of Engineering Janet Blume, who will be the clinical professor for the engineering program, called the new engineering UTEP “a good alternative career path for engineers.” At the high school level, she said, the integration of engineering into the classroom will “produce kids who are able to understand and
Rachelle Ciccone RISD ’05 fuses literature, art and figures from popular culture risd news, page 3
Ben Clark ’05 thinks that Major League Baseball is out to get him — and his midterm grades column, page 11
use technology.” The program emphasizes the link between the theory and practice of teaching. During the summer before their senior year, teams of UTEPs teach local high school students enrolled in a summer program run by Brown while taking ED 206: “Literature Across the Curriculum,” which allows students to evaluate and improve their teaching as they go along. During a student-teaching semester of their senior year, UTEPs teach two classes at a local school while concurrently taking ED 108: “Analysis of Teaching.” “We love the idea of students appreciating that the way that you learn is trying things out, getting feedback, and going back and trying again; we want them to apply this idea (of feedback as a positive thing) in their own teaching,” Landay said. UTEPs said they find that working with kids and building relationships is the most enjoyable part of teaching. “The only reason I want to go into teaching is that I want to hang out with kids all day,” said English UTEP Ryan O’Grady ’05. Kamlet said her favorite part of teaching is learning to understand her students’
see UTEP, page 4
W E AT H E R F O R E C A S T
I N S I D E T H U R S D AY, O C T O B E R 2 1 , 2 0 0 4 RISD Student Alliance members discuss the need for professional-caliber galleries risd news, page 3
Citing a need to remove books from libraries that are at least 95 percent full, the library system will begin moving books to a new off-site annex next spring. The annex, just four miles away at 10 Park Lane in Providence, will replace storage space in Southboro, Mass. The University currently leases that space from Harvard University. Initially, 250,000 books will be moved from the current Southboro location, said Eric Shoaf, head of the Library Preservation Department. Then, the libraries will continue moving about 50,000 volumes from on-campus libraries to the annex each year, depending on the growth rate. The annex will have space for up to 1.7 million volumes. If it is filled, there is more space on the land Brown purchased to build a second building to house more books, Shoaf said. The goal of the annex system is to get on-campus libraries down to what is called “working capacity,” or 80 percent full. Currently all libraries on campus are at 95 percent capacity or higher. Within a year, there should be a noticeable increase in shelf space at libraries across campus. The libraries should be at working capacity in five to six years. The system of moving books offsite is one that has been employed by many
Fireworks lit up the sky above Thayer Street Wednesday night. A few hours later, jubilant Boston Red Sox fans took to the streets in celebration after the Red Sox defeated the New York Yankees to capture the American League pennant. (See story, page 12.)
Ivy Film Fest granted Category I status After considerable internal debate, the Undergraduate Council of Students granted the Ivy League Film Festival Category I status at its Wednesday night meeting. The film festival was previously under the control of the Brown Film Society. Founded in 2001, the festival is an annual two-day event in the spring that screens student-produced feature-length and short films, which are judged by a group of film industry professionals. Since its inception, notable actors including Adrien Brody, Julia Stiles and Tim Robbins P’07 have spoken at the festival. UCS members also recognized the American Sign Language club and the Whistling Chorus as Category I groups last night. Abigail Rider, chair of the Ad Hoc
The Slavery and Justice Committee is protecting Brown, not improving it, writes Laura Martin ’06 column, page 11
Red Sox defeat Yankees in historic pennant win; local fans delight in the end of “The Curse” sports, page 12
cloudy high 54 low 43
cloudy high 53 low 41
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD
THIS MORNING THURSDAY, OCTOBER 21, 2004 · PAGE 2 Coreacracy Eddie Ahn
TO D AY ’ S E V E N TS PERFORMANCE: ANNA IN THE TROPICS 8-10 p.m. (Stuart Theatre) — Brown Universtiy Theatre and Sock & Buskin will perform “Anna in the Tropics,” winner of the Pulitzer Prize for Drama. Directed by Lowry Marshall. JOBS AND VISAS FOR THE INTERNAIONAL STUDENT 4-5 p.m. (Pembroke Hall, Third Floor) — An immigration lawyer will discuss temporary and permanent visa options for students wishing to stay in the United States after completing their studies.
LECTURE: SCIENCE RESULTS FROM THE MARS EXPLORATION ROVER MISSION 4-5 p.m. (MacMillan Hall, Room 117) A lecture by Steve Squyres, scientific principal investigator for NASA’s Mars Exploration Rover Project and professor of astronomy at Cornell University. FILM: OJOS QUE NO VEN / EYES THAT DON’T TELL 7 p.m. (Watson Institute, Room 111) — The Center for Latin American Studies Presents this documentary about the discolsure in 2000 of widespread corruption in Peruvian government.
Hopeless Edwin Chang
Jero Matt Vascellaro
SHARPE REFECTORY LUNCH — Turkey Pie with Cornbread, Corned Beef Hash, Roasted Red Potatoes with Shallots, Cream of Wheat, Apple Raisin Sauce, Fresh Cantaloupe Chunks, Bagels and Cream Cheese.
VERNEY-WOOLLEY DINING HALL LUNCH — Vegetarian Fagoli Soup, Egg Drop and Chicken Soup, Italian Sausage and Peppers Sandwich, Vegan Tofu Raviolis with Sauce, Creole Mixed Vegetables, Cheesecake Brownies.
DINNER — Roast Loin of Pork with Applesauce, Oven Browned Potatoes, Peas with Mushrooms, Red Cabbage with Apples, Dinner Rolls, Raspberry Black Satin Fudge Cake, Lamb Roast.
DINNER — Vegetarian Fagoli Soup, Egg Drop and Chicken Soup, Italian Meatloaf Vegan Ratatouille, Vegan Rice Pilaf, Fresh Sliced Carrots, Mandarin Blend Vegetables, Italian Bread, Chocolate Cake with Chocolate Frosting.
How to Get Down Nate Saunders
CROSSWORD ACROSS 1 Eight bits 5 Elec., e.g. 9 Bows at sea 14 Lament 15 Whimper 16 Force back 17 Bluepoint cultivation site 19 “It’s __ formality” 20 Lettuce variety 21 Tip, as a cap 22 Made amends 23 Barely make ends meet 26 Llama feature? 28 Kitchen nook 29 Stalks, with “on” 30 Den __: Dutch city 31 Gov’t. officials 32 Types of them appear in 17-, 23-, 46- and 54Across 34 Linen source 38 Like some wild oats 39 Novelist Charles 40 One of a noted dozen 44 Requiring a presoak, maybe 46 Courtroom sketch, say 48 Endless, in verse 49 Chills 50 Letters on some 9-Across 53 Posed again 54 Lose one’s shirt 56 Breakfast fare 57 Editor’s change of heart 58 S-shaped molding 59 “¿Cómo está __?” 60 Inflates artificially 61 Farm houses
3 Like graduation 35 High school 43 Abrasive injury caps requirement 44 Canned 4 Tolkien tree being 36 Summer cooler 45 Cage chatter 5 Yank from the 37 Marked wrong 47 Rodeo rope soil 38 Was tightfisted 51 British machine 6 Enough to really 39 Mikhail’s wife gun soak in 40 Brief summary 52 Women 7 “__ my heart...” 41 Gradually stops, 54 Cookbook 8 Took charge with “out” meas. 9 Running off at 42 Friendly tennis 55 Hit on the the mouth game, perhaps head 10 Take away 11 Eager giftANSWER TO PREVIOUS PUZZLE: giver’s prompt S L A T E I H O P A R C H 12 Didn’t exist H O S E A V I L A M I L E 13 Draft vehicle E D D Y I D E A O C T E T 18 They’re ideal 22 Fake handle W H A T S T H E B I G D E A L 24 Types (in) H A H A O N A H R S 25 Jack’s “Anger T O D D Y L Y E P O I Management” E A V E M I R F L A R E D costar T H A T S A T A L L O R D E R 26 15, 30 or 45, C O Y N O R A S U N U P S usually: Abbr. P I A H O P I S N O W 27 Outrage S H E S N A G E T A 30 Sweetums G I V E M E A H I G H F I V E 32 “Driving Miss A R I D A L L I N G A L L Daisy” actress P Y R E R A L L Y E R O S 33 Delayed S E E D A T S E A D A V E payment on 10/21/04 34 Sinn __ firstname.lastname@example.org 1
Intensive Care Eunuch Akiva Fleischmann
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THE BROWN DAILY HERALD
RISD NEWS THURSDAY, OCTOBER 21, 2004 · PAGE 3
Plato, Paris Hilton come together in Ciccone’s RISD ’05 expressionist works BY JANE TANIMURA
To look at her artwork is to have to look twice. The images in the paintings of Rachele Ciccone RISD ’05 are certainly familiar — small 5”x7” portraits of Martha Stewart, Donald Trump and Bill O’Reilly adorn the white walls of Ciccone’s studio. But there’s a twist to Ciccone’s depictions. At Friday’s Painting Department show at the Woods-Gerry Gallery, located on Prospect Street, Ciccone will exhibit one of her most recent works, entitled “New Millennia Plato’s Cave.” Ever since reading Plato’s “Allegory of the Cave”— a philosophical work that tries to define the human condition — Ciccone has been thinking of ways to translate her impression of the story into painting. In the “Allegory,” Plato imagines the experience of people who have spent their entire lives within a cave. These people’s only contact with the outside world is through shadows appearing on the cave’s walls. The observers within the cave do not realize the shadows are reflections of actual objects — they believe the shadows themselves are reality. Ciccone said her final product presents a modern version of Plato’s allegory stamped with her own perception of the world. A former English major at Providence College, Ciccone used to channel her creative energies through writing. But the sudden death of a friend in
see CICCONE, page 6
RISD Alliance discusses museum, gallery spaces BY CHELSEA RUDMAN
The RISD Student Alliance hosted a long-awaited discussion on the relationship between the RISD Museum and the college’s undergraduates Wednesday night. Major issues discussed included the lack of professional-quality student gallery space on campus, ways in which RISD students could use the Museum as a commercial outlet for their work and the lack of publicity for Museum events. Museum Board of Governors Chair Peter Weiss was on hand to answer students’ questions. RISD students present at the meeting expressed the desire for an increase in student gallery space at the museum and generally on campus, in order to exhibit their work at a more professional level. A major construction project slated to begin sometime in the next two to four years includes plans for the multipurpose Chase Center (formerly referred to as the RISD Center project) as well as expansions to the museum. Both buildings will provide new student exhibition spaces, Weiss said. Nelson Chan RISD ’07 said for the current student galleries, “Promotion just isn’t there. (These galleries) aren’t as official and aren’t that meaningful.” A transfer student from William Patterson University in New Jersey, Chan said the museum is one of the reasons he came to RISD. Along with many other students at the Alliance meeting, Chan said he would love to be able to “use (a museum exhibit) as resume material.” Alliance President Suzannah Park RISD ’05 agreed, supporting any opportunity by which “the RISD world helps your career or development as an artist.” Access to gallery space at the caliber of the RISD Museum would provide budding student artists with a place to earn name recognition, several students said. Students at the meeting were split in their reaction to Weiss’ proposal that RISD exhibitions could serve as marketplaces for student art. “We want people to know that if they’re taken by something of yours, they can buy it. That’s
how you attract (visitors),” Weiss said. Chan said, “That’s why we’re making art,” and later added that as an aspiring professional artist, the galleries would allow him to “make money off of art. That’s the dream of all of us.” Some students, however, questioned the appropriateness of the college commodifying student artwork. One student said there are “huge technical issues” involved in students’ selling work through museum galleries, including “problems with commission,” and said that the Museum Board should start by providing undergraduates with exhibition space. Park, too, said, “Any place selling your work brings up a lot of questions for an artist,” such as the artist’s degree of control over his or her exhibit, from choosing the curators to the pricing of work. But student work currently exhibited through the Student Gallery Board is often sold, pointed out Director of the Office of Student Life Blair De St. Croix. “The system is already in place,” St. Croix said, for students wishing to sell their work. Now, it is simply a matter of “creating a meeting spot for the public.” Weiss said although the Board “wants the changes to work for the students,” he believes that there is “a pent-up population of people” who want to see RISD students’ work. “But they don’t know how to access it, or who (these students) are.” Though he doesn’t want the museum to become “too commercial,” Weiss said he sees such an opportunity as providing an invaluable head start for novice artists. The Alliance also addressed the issue of a general lack of Museum event publicity. “There’s amazing things going on, and we don’t know about them,” Park said. Some students in attendance said they had been previously unaware of some of the museum events mentioned at the meeting and blamed a lack of advertising. Concerns were also expressed
see ALLIANCE, page 6
PAGE 4 THE BROWN DAILY HERALD THURSDAY, OCTOBER 21, 2004
UTEP continued from page 1 perspectives and explaining new concepts in a way they can understand. However, building relationships can also be the most complicated part of teaching, as UTEPs must learn to assert their authority over students who are sometimes only four years younger than themselves. “There is something about being an authoritative figure and have the power to give grades that makes it a lot more complicated than I originally thought,” said history UTEP Judah Lakin ’05. Kamlet said, “There are a lot in things in which you have to draw a line between yourself and the students.” Kamlet downplayed the challenge of age difference, saying that as long as she dresses and acts like a teacher, her students treat her as one. Throughout the process, students work closely with a clinical professor from their department. Clinical professors both teach the education courses and advise
students along the way. According to Eileen Landay, the clinical professor for English, the small size makes Brown’s program unique, allowing it to remain focused and individualized, with students working “mainly under the direction of one person.” This close relationship between students and clinical professors allows students to have a large degree of guidance. Kamlet said her clinical professor was a valuable resource. “He was a teacher, so he has perspective on teaching, and he can offer good insights into how to teach. He is also just very supportive,” she said. While most UTEPs say they enjoy the program, it involves a lot of commitment and extra time. During their teaching semester, UTEPs spend Monday through Friday at school until 3 p.m. or later and are also expected to complete class work and prepare for the next day’s class. “In school I used to feel like I was really busy all the time, and I was, but this is just a whole new level of work,” Lakin said. “When you’re doing your student teaching semester, you don’t really feel like a Brown student,” O’Grady said.
Also, because the program takes up a lot of time in students’ schedules, it does not allow students to do as much course work in their area of concentration. However, it allows focused students to professionalize early,
Library continued from page 1 library systems and universities. Brown had been storing books at Harvard’s depository since 1992, and Harvard built that space in the 1980s to house overflow books from its libraries. Harvard currently has approximately 6 million volumes in storage. Brown currently has 3.2 million volumes in its entire system. The Brown library system has spent the past five years planning for a new annex. The location was purchased four years ago, and Graphic Services has been using part of the building for a year and a half. A lot of planning went into designing the new facility, including visits to other schools’ depositories. Those visits included careful examination of annex operations to try to determine what worked well and what didn’t, Shoaf said. After thorough study, planners decided to employ a closed-stack system, because the books can then be catalogued by bar code and not by call number, as is traditional. It also allows for the use of highdensity storage with 22.5-foottall stacks. The computerized bar code system ensures that virtually no books are lost, Shoaf said. Since Harvard opened its depository in the 1980s, it has lost only two of its 6 million books. Library administrators are also paying considerable attention to selecting appropriate books to be sent to the annex, Shoaf said. No reference materials will be sent to the annex, because they are used frequently. Books circulated after 1980 will not be sent to the annex, either. At any time, if a
SAO continued from page 1 and we were looking at what to do with student leadership and BOLT, and with Ricky Gresh (having) an interest and background in student leadership, it made sense that BOLT would be something that he would be interested in moving into his office.” Though the SAO will handle most leadership programs, OSL will still share some of the responsibility, Klawunn said. For example, the peer counseling program is a student leadership program that will remain under OSL’s jurisdiction. OSL and the SAO “tend to work fairly collaboratively, so there (are) different projects that our offices will work on together,” Gresh said. Gresh said that the transfer of responsibility is an ongoing experiment that sprung from the departure of key OSL administrators. “There (are) a lot of interim appointments right now in the OSL. So they had a lot of interim plans,” he said. The University
and it also lets participants save money on an extra year of college — other teacher certification programs, at Brown and elsewhere, require a fifth year. Kamlet said she does not feel limited by the requirements of book is requested repeatedly from the annex, it can be placed back in the on-campus stacks. With the help of professors, planners laid out specific selection guidelines for each category of books, journals and other materials to determine what materials will be needed most for each discipline. All the selection criteria have been placed on the library Web site. “Our selection guidelines — instead of being a blanket, we’re trying to have them targeted more for these specific areas,” Shoaf said. Many students are still unaware of the libraries plans to move books off campus. “What is it, where is it, what’s going on?” said Cristina Foung ’07. As of now, library officials plan to run a publicity blitz once the opening date nears to remind members of the University community that some books will be moved off campus. The biggest concern that planners have heard about is frustration over students being unable to see every book on the shelf, if some of them are housed at the annex, Shoaf said. “But if you’re looking at the philosophy books, you’re not looking at the philosophy oversized books — books can be checked out to study carrels, they can be checked out permanently to faculty offices, they can be just circulating to students for a few weeks,” he said. The library staff wants to encourage library users to try using the online catalog Josiah to browse instead. One feature allows students to see books near another book; volumes in a library are ordered by subject material, so using the Josiah feature to find nearby books will show relevant publications. And Josiah includes all the planned to hire an interim coordinator for student activities; that hire would work in the SAO to cover Lo’s responsibilities. Interim Coordinator for Student Activities Thomas Hayes ’98 joined the SAO last week to assist with the office’s increased responsibilities. Hayes said he will spend the majority of his time advising student organizations, though managing BOLT and coordinating the ropes course are also part of his role. “(Lo’s) position was the primary coordinator of leadership programming. What is happening now is that it is something more that my position will be doing, but Tommy (Hayes) and (Assistant Director of Student Activities Phil O’Hara) and others will still be involved,” Gresh said. Administration of the ropes course will shift entirely to the SAO, Klawunn said. The ropes course has been closed this semester; with Hayes hired, it will reopen for student groups for about a month and will open again in the spring. Klawunn expects that the centralization of student leadership programming in the SAO will benefit students.
UTEP because she still has the opportunity to continue coursework in biology in the form of a master’s degree. “I wanted to have a real skill in addition to a liberal arts education,” she said. books, including oversized books and those currently checked out. “You get to see everything by searching online,” Shoaf said. Typically, once an annex is opened, most people like the system, Shoaf said. “One thing we heard from everyone who has a storage facility was that after they get experience using it, their students and faculty really like ordering books from the storage facility. In fact, they say, ‘I wish you could send all my books down there.’ Because when you look up your book online and you get the call number and go walking along the stacks, you never know if you’re going to find your book or not.” There are currently weekly deliveries to campus from the Harvard location. With the new location nearby, deliveries will be made daily. If a book request is placed in the afternoon, it will be on campus by the following afternoon. Initially, book requests will only be filled five days a week. But as more books are moved and demand grows accordingly, book deliveries will occur every day. The annex will be open weekdays from 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m., so students can go directly to the annex to request a book. There will also be a reading room and Josiah terminal available on site for students who want to pick up books directly from the facility. And having to wait for a book to arrive on campus might not be that much of a problem, Foung said. “I feel that most of the classes here that would have a major assignment requiring you to do a lot of research wouldn’t have a sameday turnaround,” she said. “One day doesn’t seem that tragic.” “Students are going to see much broader support for their leadership and much more assistance in their work out of the (SAO),” she said. And Gresh pointed out that SAO staff support will increase, because Hayes will work exclusively out of the SAO, whereas Lo split her time between the SAO and OSL. The new administrative structure will be reconsidered as the year continues. “We finally have gotten to the point that we have all the positions filled, so we can start to look at the evaluation process,” Gresh said. Gresh said staff support for BOLT will continue, no matter how the offices are restructured. “The interim appointment (of Hayes) has nothing to do with whether or not Brown will continue to support the BOLT program. Staff support for the BOLT program is certain,” he said. Klawunn said the changes are designed to improve the programs offered by various student life offices. “It has been a very purposeful determination of what is the best location (for each program) and how we can provide the best services,” she said.
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD
WORLD & NATION THURSDAY, OCTOBER 21, 2004 · PAGE 5
Bush, Kerry hit Midwest battleground states Iran’s nuclear progress raises threat, officials say WATERLOO, Iowa (Los Angeles Times) — With three new polls
showing the race for the White House dead even, President George W. Bush and Sen. John Kerry traded harsh words on terrorism and the Iraq war Wednesday as they dashed across campaign battlegrounds of the Midwest. In Iowa, where both campaigned Wednesday morning, Kerry portrayed Bush as a stubborn and isolated president who botched his responsibilities as commander in chief. Joined by four retired military commanders and Sept. 11 widow Kristin Breitweiser, the Democratic presidential nominee pressed his case that Bush has heightened the risk of terrorist attacks against the United States. “Make no mistake, our troops are the best trained, best led forces in the world, and they have been doing their job honorably and bravely, and the problem is the commander in chief has not been doing his,” Kerry told a crowd of about 500 at a Waterloo convention center. “On George Bush’s watch,” he added, “America is more threatened than ever before.” The Massachusetts senator charged that Bush “likes to confuse” the Iraq war with the fight against terrorism, calling the former “a diversion” from the latter. For his part, Bush invoked Abu Musab Zarqawi, the militant believed to be behind much of the Iraqi insurgency, to argue that Kerry cannot be trusted to keep America safe. “The case of one terrorist shows how wrong (Kerry’s) thinking is,” Bush told supporters at a rally in Mason City, Iowa. Naming Zarqawi as “the one responsible for planting car bombs and beheading Americans” in Iraq, Bush said the U.S. military had destroyed his terrorist training camp in Afghanistan, forcing him to flee to Iraq where he “continued his plotting and planning.” “Just the other day, Zarqawi publicly announced his sworn allegiance to Osama bin Laden,” Bush said. “If Zarqawi and his associates were not busy fighting
American forces in Iraq, does Sen. Kerry think he would be leading a productive and peaceful life? Of course not. And that’s why Iraq is no diversion, but a central commitment in the war on terror, a place where our military is confronting and defeating terrorists overseas so we do not have to face them here at home.” The contentious back and forth came as a new round of polls showed the extremely close state of the race. Surveys of likely voters by the Pew Research Center, NBC News-Wall Street Journal and Reuters-Zogby each found Bush and Kerry locked in a tie. Earlier this week, three national polls gave Bush a slight lead, but each within the margin of error. Meanwhile, in the television ad battle raging in 14 states where Bush and Kerry are running closest in the polls, terrorism and Iraq are featured in new spots airing this week. A Republican National Committee ad seizes on a recent Kerry statement about his desire to reduce the terrorist threat to a “nuisance.” The ad, which aired Tuesday in Denver, asked whether Kerry was “too weak” against terrorism. Attacking Bush in new television ads was the Media Fund, a liberal group unaffiliated with the Kerry campaign. It aired two spots on Black Entertainment Television that charged Bush was out of step with blacks. In one, first seen Tuesday, a narrator charged: “The way this war’s going, our 14-year-olds are going to be fighting in Iraq in four years. You better wake up before you get taken out.” In Michigan on Wednesday, Vice President Dick Cheney stressed war and terrorism as he hammered Kerry’s record on national security. Speaking at a restaurant near Flint, Cheney faulted Kerry for voting against a measure to finance U.S. military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan.
VIENNA, Austria (Los Angeles Times) — Iran has made steady progress toward producing nuclear fuel and could make significant quantities of enriched uranium in less than a year, according to new estimates by diplomats, scientists and intelligence officials. Mastering enrichment will move Tehran a big step closer to being able to build an atomic bomb. Iran’s progress already has intensified its confrontation with the United States and other countries that fear it is trying to develop nuclear weapons. Despite persistent suspicions, however, a report due next month by the U.N. nuclear watchdog agency is not expected to provide proof that Tehran has a weapons program, diplomats said. Nearly two years of inspections have uncovered a pattern of concealment and deception by Iran over two decades. But when it comes to whether Iran is secretly pursuing an atomic bomb, the case remains circumstantial. Iran insists that its goal is to generate electricity. Its leaders have so far rejected demands by the United Nations’ International Atomic Energy Agency, the United States and European countries that they freeze enrichment activities. A showdown appears to be approaching. The United States and its allies, arguing that the threat is imminent, want the U.N. Security Council to impose sanctions on Iran for violating the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty, which limits the spread of nuclear technology to peaceful purposes.
see MIDWEST, page 6
see IRAN, page 8
PAGE 6 THE BROWN DAILY HERALD THURSDAY, OCTOBER 21, 2004
Jane Tanimura / Herald
Rachele Ciccone RISD ’05 merges popular culture, classic literature and various techniques in her artwork.
Ciccone continued from page 3 one of her art classes “jarred me to think about big life questions,” Ciccone said. After two years at PC, Ciccone transferred to RISD, choosing to channel her creativity through painting. “(Painting) is not limited in terms of what I want to express. You can be a sculptor with painting. You can be a photographer as a painter. It’s the most open medium,” she said. That translation from one media to another has become a predominant theme in much of Ciccone’s work. Because she paints according to what is happening in the world, she often lets politics be her guide. News articles on the wall across her studio serve as reminders of where to take her art. In light of the new millennia concept, Ciccone is currently working on a piece that will jokingly depict President Bush as the “new millennia Jesus.” She compared the work to the satirical film “Team America.” “The media and government go hand in hand, and in that way, (Bush) gets his squad out,” she said. After Sept. 11, 2001, Ciccone’s interest in an art that addresses
Midwest continued from page 5 Cheney also made explicit links between the Iraq war and the effort to protect the United States from terrorist strikes, despite a report by the bipartisan Sept. 11 commission that found no evidence of a “collaborative operational relationship” between al-Qaida and former Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein.
Alliance continued from page 3 that the public remains unaware of museum events designed to target the community, such as free admission on Sundays. One student suggested that if the museum board wants to bring the Providence community closer to RISD, the museum should host an
politics and the media became more pronounced, she said. Terror alerts on the headline news made her more aware of the functioning of American politics. In response to the media’s portrayal of America’s war on terrorism, Ciccone looks at the artwork of contemporary expressionist painter Anselm Kiefer for guidance. Growing up in postwar Germany, Kiefer dealt with the reality of his war-torn country by painting it, Ciccone said. In her own art, Ciccone mimics Kiefer’s style of distorting reality for an emotional effect, to express “how I feel as an American,” she said. To create the right mood in her workspace, Ciccone listens to classic rock music that was popular during the Vietnam War. Contemporary songs from the radio just don’t inspire her, she said, but songs by Lynyrd Skynyrd and Johnny Cash set the tone she wants to reflect in her artwork. Still, Ciccone does not call herself a political artist. In fact, much of Ciccone’s art also documents how she perceives celebrities from magazines and newspapers. In her art, Ciccone distorts the media’s representation of celebrities “to pull out what maybe could be real from it,” she said. In the expressionist tradi-
tion, Ciccone takes a “culture of waste” and turns it into something meaningful, she said. One of her current projects is a modification of a photo of Paris Hilton “airbrushed and fake,” Ciccone said. Though the actual image depicts Hilton half-naked and draws special attention to the glossiness of her skin, Ciccone’s version abstractly depicts the “heiress” with a surfeit of yellow and green brushstrokes. The ultimate goal is to show Hilton as “raw and sticky and gross,” Ciccone said. The painting also reveals Ciccone’s gravitation towards certain colors. Born and raised in Rhode Island, Ciccone is especially drawn to blacks and grays, which she associates with her upbringing in the Ocean State. She then contrasts these darker shades with tropical colors, “the opposite of that gloom,” she said. Though Ciccone is working on a cohesive body of work that will culminate as her senior project, she said she is simultaneously discovering and developing her own style, one that will match her interests and skills. Thus far, she’s been successful at marketing her art. She has been selling her paintings through the Internet since her sophomore year at RISD. “The world takes me with my brush,” Ciccone said.
As the United States establishes a democracy in Iraq, Cheney said, “it is absolutely essential that we get it right if we are going to change the circumstances on the ground in that part of the world and reduce the threat that we’ll get hit again like we did on 9/11.” Cheney’s visit to Michigan was part of the Republican ticket’s focus Wednesday on Midwestern states that Bush lost narrowly to Al Gore in 2000 but hopes to win this time. Bush campaigned in
small towns of Minnesota and Wisconsin after leaving Iowa. On the Democratic side, Kerry campaigned Wednesday in Pittsburgh after his Iowa visit. His running mate, Sen. John Edwards, stumped in Ohio, as well as Iowa. Kerry’s campaign confirmed Wednesday that former President Bill Clinton plans to join Kerry for a rally in Philadelphia on Monday, Clinton’s first public campaign event since his heart surgery in September.
open gallery night with food, music and a social atmosphere. In reflecting on the museum’s role over the past few years, Park told The Herald the museum has responded inadequately to students’ needs “for the amount of money we’ve put in”; the museum is partially funded by undergraduate tuition costs. She added, however, that the steps the board is now taking better reflect the money that students are putting
into the museum. “I’m very excited that the museum is this excited about talking about student galleries,” Park said. The remainder of the Student Alliance meeting was devoted to updates from Student Department Representatives, nominations for executive committee positions and the approval of two new clubs, the RISD Mountain Biking Club and the RISD Musicians.
THURSDAY, OCTOBER 21, 2004 THE BROWN DAILY HERALD PAGE 7
Sox continued from page 12 in Boston, where one person was killed during the melee following the New England Patriots’ Super Bowl victory in
Football continued from page 12 said Tom Ghiden ’08. “If it was the thing to do, people would go, but it just isn’t.” Other students said the distance to the stadium discouraged them from attending games and said they prefer to use their weekend mornings to catch up on homework or laundry. The Student Athletic Advisory Committee, headed by Will Burroughs ’05, co-captain of the football team, and Elvina Kung ’05, captain of the volleyball team, has been working to improve attendance at home games.
W. soccer continued from page 12 goal.” This proved to be true for the Bears as well. Brown scored again when Schreck crossed the ball from the flank, trying to get it over the Crusader goalie and in front of the goal. The goalie deflected the ball, and it bounced just inside the post for Brown’s second goal of the night. Throughout the second half, the Bears controlled the game completely. Their tough play in the middle third of the field allowed them to move the ball on offense. When the Crusaders tried to move the ball, one or two Brown players were there to challenge. It was rare for Holy Cross to control the ball more than a few feet over the midline or mount an attack. Pincince and Schreck both cited stronger pressure and ball movement in the middle third of the field as the reason for Brown’s second-half dominance. Even with their solid defense, the Bears were not satisfied with a 2-0 lead. After four straight losses, the offense was looking to pour it on as much as possible. With half an hour to go, Serdjenian lofted a corner kick
February. With the win, the Red Sox advance to the World Series for the first time since 1986. Red Sox fans were thrilled to beat the Yankees but are still looking to win the World Series, which has eluded the team since 1918. “If this doesn’t reverse the
curse, I don’t know what will,” Krawczynski said. “The (Red Sox) just gave the Yankees the biggest upset in baseball history.”
SAAC promotes athletic events, including football games, to other athletes, who they consider to be a natural fan base. Two years ago, SAAC created brother-sister athletic teams to encourage athletes to support each other. “Last year the women’s lacrosse team wrote us a big thank-you card for attending their games,” said Brent Grinna ’04, who was a co-captain of last year’s football team. “We had a ton of fun and realized how important it was for us to be there. This year the girls are at every home game, getting the crowd more rowdy.” Reaching the four-fifths of the student body who are not varsity athletes is the focus of the marketing department, headed
by Assistant Athletic Director for Marketing Mike Kohler. Kohler’s office is responsible for maintaining corporate sponsorships, the Brownbears.com Web site, highway billboards and paper ads. In response to a student suggestion, the marketing department started running buses to the stadium from the center of campus. But fans and players note that changes in attendance have been minimal. Students have been given encouragement to go to the games from the administration and the student athletes. But no one can change the location of the field or the caliber of the league, and perhaps, no one can change the attitude of the students.
over the box, and Kim LaVere ’06 headed it in to give Brown a 3-0 lead. The goal was Brown’s first off a corner kick this season. “We have had a lot of good chances on corner kicks,” Serdjenian said. “Kim had a great header, and it was great to get one in.” The Bears substituted heavily late in the second half, resting the starters for Saturday’s Ivy match-up against Cornell University. Even with different personnel, the Bears kept up the pressure and put more shots on net. “We just want to not let down and try as hard as (we) can for 90 minutes,” Schreck said. It was not until less than 10 minutes to go in the contest that Holy Cross managed to mount an offensive attack. Crusader Alison Peters got the ball just inside the box and shot it into the upper corner of the goal, just past a leaping Wilson. Wilson finished the game with seven saves, while the Bears registered 29 shots. The Bears seem to have found the offensive cohesiveness they have lacked for some of the season. With seven newcomers on offense, moving the ball has been difficult, and the team is still trying to discover which players can deliver the ball to different spots,
according to Pincince. “It’s a good learning game,” Pincince said. “We’re still learning about each other. This game was big for (our) team concept.” That team concept will be tested this weekend as the Bears face Ivy rival Cornell for Homecoming Saturday at 7:30 p.m. on Stevenson Field.
Herald staff writer Ian Cropp ’05 edits the sports section. He can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Herald staff writer Bernie Gordon ’07 is an assistant sports editor and covers women’s soccer. He can be reached at email@example.com.
PAGE 8 THE BROWN DAILY HERALD THURSDAY, OCTOBER 21, 2004
Iran continued from page 5 But since the United States failed to prove its claims about the existence of weapons of mass destruction in Iraq, other countries want more time for a fuller evaluation of Iran’s enrichment capabilities and intentions. At the center of the dispute is the enrichment process itself, which converts uranium ore into fissionable material, the most elusive component of a nuclear weapon. The same basic process produces low-level enriched uranium for civilian reactors or, with technical adjustments, highly enriched uranium for bombs. This month, Iran said it was gearing up to produce large amounts of gaseous uranium, which is used in enrichment. The gas, known as uranium hexafluoride, can be fed into slender centrifuges, which spin at high speed to transform the gas into enriched uranium. Iran has moved much faster than expected in manufacturing and assembling these centrifuges, diplomats said. The rapid progress means a pilot centrifuge plant near Natanz, in central Iran, could soon be equipped with enough machines to begin large-scale enrichment. Two senior European diplomats said the pilot plant could be expanded from the existing 164 centrifuges to 1,000 within weeks and produce enough material in less than a year to fashion a crude nuclear device. “They need to install more centrifuges and do preparatory work, and they could be in production in shorter than a year,” said one diplomat, who, like most of the people interviewed for this article, spoke on condition that his name and position be withheld. For now, the International Atomic Energy Agency is monitoring the gas-production plant at Esfahan, also in central Iran, and preparations at the pilot plant. The pilot operation is part of a complex where an underground enrichment facility for as many as 50,000 centrifuges is under construction. Western intelligence officials said the big fear is that once the two plants are operating, Iran will shift enrichment operations to hidden installations or follow North Korea’s example and kick out the IAEA, allowing Tehran to begin enriching uranium to weapons grade at Natanz. Uranium enrichment is relatively portable. Experts say 1,000 centrifuges could operate in a small building with little chance of detection by even the most sophisticated sensors or satellites. There is no evidence that a hidden plant exists, and only hints about weapons research. But even officials who give Iran the benefit of the doubt said Tehran had been caught in so many lies that verifying the absence of a weapons program would take months, if not years, and might be impossible. “When people have looked you literally in the eye across the table and told you this
is black and it turns out to be white, your confidence in them is damaged,” said a third senior European diplomat. Mohamed ElBaradei, the IAEA directorgeneral, has praised Iran’s cooperation often enough to evoke U.S. anger, but he also has acknowledged that Iran’s actions have created a “deficit of confidence.” As before the Iraq war, ElBaradei wants more time to complete inspections before sending the matter to the Security Council. But the United States and allies such as Canada and Australia say time has run out. They argue that the threshold for action is not the discovery of a secret plant or a weapons design. Instead, they say, Iran must be stopped before it begins to enrich uranium. President Bush says a nuclear-armed Iran would be unacceptable, and Israel’s defense minister warned last month that his country would consider “all options” to stop Tehran. Military strikes against nuclear installations in Iran would be difficult; they could provoke retaliation and would certainly result in international condemnation. But Israeli officials argue that the backlash would be less painful than allowing Iran to obtain nuclear weapons. Six months after an exile group’s August 2002 disclosure that Iran was building an enrichment plant at Natanz and a second nuclear installation, the IAEA began trying to decipher the full scope of Iran’s atomic activities. Inspectors have examined research centers and workshops across the country, interviewed hundreds of scientists and pored over thousands of pages of documents dating to the mid-1980s, when Iran began secretly buying nuclear technology. At every step, Iran concealed crucial aspects of its program. Iranian authorities twice denied inspectors access to suspect locations while incriminating material and equipment was hauled away. Each time, the inspectors said they still found evidence of nuclear experiments. Under pressure from Washington, the IAEA board last month told the agency’s staff to conduct another round of inspections and prepare a comprehensive summary of findings. The board also ordered Iran to stop its enrichment program. Tehran voluntarily curtailed enrichment in a deal made a year ago with Britain, France and Germany, but it resumed the work this year. The IAEA summary report will be circulated two weeks before representatives of the 35 member nations on the board meet Nov. 25 in Vienna. The expected conclusion that there is no proof of a weapons program and no new evidence of concealment is unlikely to stop the United States from demanding a vote to refer the issue to the Security Council. Iran escaped previous U.S. pushes for tough action. That is unlikely this time, diplomats said, unless Iran again halts enrichment — and even that is no guarantee it can avoid referral. Diplomats familiar with the U.S. strategy said U.N. sanctions would be the first step in an effort to force Tehran to abandon
enrichment efforts. Harsher steps eventually could include military action. But other diplomats said Russia, China and other governments were reluctant to endorse sanctions, worrying that they might be the first step leading to an attack on Iran. Iran’s best chance of avoiding being hauled before the Security Council appears to be accepting a new European offer of a package of incentives that would include guaranteeing Tehran access to civilian nuclear technology and fuel for a nearly complete reactor in exchange for the country mothballing its enrichment efforts. Tehran has not responded formally to the proposal, which is to be presented to its representatives Thursday in Vienna. Western diplomats expect some concession before the Nov. 25 meeting. Foreign Minister Kamal Kharrazi said in an interview last month that Tehran was willing to consider “any kind of verification mechanism . . . to make sure there is no secret program.” He said the goal of any agreement with the Europeans would be to prevent the issue from going to the Security Council. Iran’s conservatives, who have solidified control of the government since the first agreement with the Europeans, appear divided over whether to strike another bargain. Defiant hard-liners want to withdraw from the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty and go ahead with enrichment. Proposed legislation would require Iran to pull out of the accord and halt IAEA inspections. IAEA chief ElBaradei warned that Iran’s withdrawal could prompt other countries to follow, severely damaging the primary means of controlling the spread of nuclear weapons. More moderate voices in Iran argue that the country should remain in the treaty and try to avoid sanctions by accepting the European deal. An Iranian official in Vienna said Tehran was unlikely to sign off on any agreement until after the U.S. presidential election, to avoid boosting Bush’s campaign. Sen. John Kerry, the Democratic challenger, has suggested that the United States should back a deal to provide Iran with nuclear fuel, something the Bush administration has so far refused to support. Diplomats speculated that if Kerry won, the IAEA board might delay action against Iran until his administration took office. Despite the absence of clear evidence, U.S. accusations against Iran have gained wide acceptance in recent months. The main reason is that the suspicions do not rest as heavily on U.S. intelligence as they did in the case of Iraq’s alleged nuclear program. International concerns about Iran are rooted in information uncovered by IAEA inspectors and described in six detailed reports. “Evidence gathered by the IAEA makes a circumstantial case that is much stronger than the case that Iraq was restarting its nuclear program,” said George Perkovich, a proliferation expert at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in
Washington, D.C. “The only thing missing in Iran is a weapons design.” Barring a last-minute surprise, insiders said, inspectors have no concrete evidence of a weapons program or new instances of concealment. Still, the report is expected to conclude that too many big mysteries remain for inspectors to give Iran a clean bill of health. The most pressing concern is identifying the origins of small amounts of weapons-grade uranium and low-enriched uranium found at four locations during the last 18 months. Iran says the material came from contaminated centrifuge components bought on the black market. Abdul Qadeer Khan, a scientist in Pakistan who helped develop his country’s nuclear weapons, has confessed to selling components to Iran, Libya and North Korea. In its September report, the IAEA said it was plausible that some of the enriched uranium came from Pakistani parts. But some concentrations were larger than simple contamination could explain, and not all of it was necessarily from Pakistan, the agency said. Despite the high priority, inspectors have made no progress in answering the question because Pakistan refuses to cooperate fully, several diplomats familiar with the inquiry said. The failure to trace the contamination leaves open the possibility that Iran produced weapons-grade uranium at a secret plant or bought it from an unknown supplier, diplomats said. Another issue is how much work Iran did on advanced centrifuge machines, known as P-2s. In October 2003, Iran submitted a multivolume document to the IAEA that it said represented the complete history of its nuclear activities. But it began to unravel three months later. When Libya decided to give up its clandestine nuclear weapons effort, it turned over information and technology to the IAEA and the United States. It became clear that, like Iran, Libya had bought nuclear technology from the Khan network. Comparing Libya’s shopping list with what Iran had reported, IAEA inspectors were puzzled that the Libyans had managed to buy designs for Pakistan’s P-2 centrifuges. The P-2 was far more efficient than the older P-1, which was what Iran had bought on the black market. Inspectors had independent suspicions that Iran had been experimenting with another type of centrifuge. When confronted, Iran acknowledged that it had bought a complete set of P-2 designs in 1995. Iranian officials explained that the P-2s had been left out of the October report because nobody asked about them and because the scientists were concentrating on the P-1. The P-2 drawings were set aside for seven years and the only work involving them was a contract in 2002 for a small private business to conduct limited experiments, Iran said. But when inspectors visited the business in Tehran, they found that the contractor had made a modification to the P-2 rotors that indicated extensive research had occurred. They also found that he had ties to the military through other contracts. “The modification didn’t come out of thin air,” a Western scientist said. “There was concern that work might have been conducted at some unknown place.” So far, the IAEA has neither a good answer from Iran about how much work it did on the P-2 nor any evidence of a P-2 plant. Centrifuges are half the enrichment equation. The machines need uranium hexafluoride gas to manufacture enriched uranium. Iran said it planned to transform 37 metric tons of yellowcake, a form of processed uranium ore, into uranium hexafluoride at the Esfahan plant this month. David Albright, a physicist and former IAEA inspector who runs a think tank in Washington, said 37 tons was enough to
see IRAN, page 9
THURSDAY, OCTOBER 21, 2004 THE BROWN DAILY HERALD PAGE 9
Hatfield continued from page 12 while finding new ways to suffer heartbreaking losses will give you reason to celebrate anything. So what if the Sox still have four games to win against either the best team in baseball this season or the hottest team in baseball since Sept. 1? That can wait until tomorrow. Last Saturday, die-hards like me were calling friends at other schools trying to find a reason to wake up the next day after receiving the beating of a lifetime at the hands of the Bronx Bombers. Last night, those same friends were calling from massive gatherings at their respective campuses. Four nights ago, the Sox were
Iran continued from page 8 make several nuclear weapons. Estimates vary on when the pilot plant at Natanz could start turning the gas into enriched uranium. The freshest information indicates that Iran has moved much faster than anticipated. One of the senior European diplomats said the pilot plant could begin operating on a small scale within weeks. In less than a year, he said, it could produce substantial quantities of lowenriched uranium. “It would take a month to start to spit out enriched uranium, and the serious business would come about a year from now,” he said. Once centrifuges are operating smoothly, increasing the enrichment level to bomb-grade material is straightforward. However, it would require ending IAEA monitoring or carrying out enrichment secretly at another location. What remains unclear is whether Iran has conducted research and tests to build a nuclear weapon. It began work on nuclear power in the mid1970s under the shah. The program was abandoned after the Islamic Revolution in 1979, when Western governments imposed
three outs away from being swept embarrassingly; in just four nights, they managed to pull off the greatest comeback in the history of sports. So the fans took to the streets. The emotional drain from the past nine days, especially from Games Three through Six, combined with the lack of sleep from studying for midterms at the same time, made half the campus a group of walking zombies. Game Seven was the ultimate release. So now it’s on to the World Series. There are certainly questions for Boston’s local nine after the team’s first American League pennant since 1986. After Pedro Martinez threw an inning in Game Seven, can he still start Game One of the Series? How will David Ortiz hold up at first base in the National League park? How will Manager Terry Francona fare
managing a National Leaguestyle game? For now, Red Sox Nation will put those thoughts aside and savor the moment. Tonight, they can either scout the opposition in the seventh game of the NLCS or get back to doing work for a day or two. (I guarantee that either you or someone you know did terribly on a midterm this week because of the ALCS — I know I did.) In a couple of days, we’ll get the opportunity to see the Sox play on baseball’s biggest stage. As anticlimactic as it might seem, the dramatic comeback of the Sox means nothing if they don’t win the World Series. Until then, let’s just bask in our victory and take a few deep breaths.
sanctions on the new regime. Iran acknowledged last year that it had restarted the program in 1985. Officials said technology was bought secretly through front groups because of the sanctions. Iran was in the middle of an eight-year war with Saddam Hussein, seemingly an odd time to devote scarce resources to an expensive program for generating electricity in a country with vast reserves of oil and natural gas. Since the nuclear program was discovered, Iran’s secret purchases, particularly of technology with both civilian and military applications, have received more scrutiny. The items it tried to buy recently included high-speed switches that could trigger a nuclear weapon and specialized cameras that could test a nuclear explosion. Some older purchases also attracted new attention. Among them were attempts in the early 1990s to buy weapons-related nuclear technology for a physics research center, a diplomat involved in the review said. The IAEA was monitoring the research center at Lavizan Shiyan on the outskirts of Tehran in November when U.S. spy satellites picked up heavy equipment beginning to demolish the complex. As buildings were knocked down, all the large chunks of rub-
ble and tons of earth were hauled away. Asked about the demolition, Iran told the IAEA the center had been built by the military in 1989 to evaluate and treat casualties in the event of a nuclear attack on Tehran. Authorities said it was being leveled to make way for a park. Iranian authorities allowed inspectors to visit the now-barren site at the end of June but refused to give them access to the material taken away or a list of equipment used at the center, citing security concerns. The report next month will say that environmental samples turned up no evidence of radioactive material, but diplomats said enough concerns remain that Lavizan Shiyan won’t be scratched off the list of suspect sites. IAEA inspectors are monitoring several other sites where weapons work might have occurred, diplomats said.
Chris Hatfield ’06 could be seen hugging numerous similarly crazed Red Sox fans outside of Josiah’s last night.
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD
EDITORIAL/LETTERS THURSDAY, OCTOBER 21, 2004 · PAGE 10 S T A F F
E D I T O R I A L
Teaching practice We admire any student who elects to spend one of his final semesters at Brown getting up at 6 a.m., working on his feet all day and forgoing the Graduate Center Bar to craft lesson plans at night. For the few students each year who are part of the Undergraduate Teacher Education Program, that’s what their days look like. The students who are enrolled in this program spend a semester in the classroom, living the life of a teacher while at the same time taking at least one course at Brown and maintaining connections to their friends. Their schedules are as grueling as any can be, but when they graduate — with a liberal arts degree — they are certified to teach in public schools in 44 states. Though much of the power of a liberal arts curriculum resides in its lack of professional focus, we don’t see the UTEP program as an aberration. The hallmark of a Brown education is that students can find and use the resources they need to accomplish the goals they set for themselves. UTEP students have realized their goals using resources that Brown makes available to help them craft an education aimed toward service. It’s not just teaching that can benefit from focused experiences before graduation. Indeed, confidence in a liberal arts education implies that every student is enrolled in a pre-professional program, whether or not we have any idea what our eventual professions will be. The educations we are crafting will sustain us in our careers — regardless of whether we put as much of ourselves into them as UTEP students must put into just their student teaching. Students often say they want an opportunity to learn “a real skill” in addition to a liberal arts education. The UTEP program is an example of how Brown can provide both for its students. Other examples exist, but they are limited. Courses in the division of engineering, for example, focus on responsible entrepreneurship, and courses with service-learning components are scattered throughout departments. The expansion of the UTEP program next year to include engineering will make this option open to a more diverse group of Brown students, which can only be good for the teaching profession. But in every field, the potential exists to anchor theories and abstractions to real-life situations and ethical decisions, and we encourage the University to continue to develop and expand the programs that aim to do so.
DANIEL L AWLOR
LETTERS Student workers should consider a strike To the Editor: At the risk of sounding insensitive I must admit that Aaron Fritschner’s recent plea for help (“Overworked,” Oct. 20) did not fill me with the urge to call UCS and call for an end to the newly extended hours. While reading the column I couldn’t help but think, “Why doesn’t this person find a new job?” I thought this was too simple a solution to be true, but it seems Fritschner did not even consider it. Fritshner states “I work the late shifts because somebody has to do it, and because I care. I work the late shifts because I believe my efforts will help everyone get home sooner. I’m not saying I’m a
good person; I’m saying we need help.” As laudable as this may seem, Fritschner needs to get his priorities straight. If he wants time to “chill” or do homework then he needs to find a job that fits his schedule. He doesn’t need to foolishly toil away in conditions he can’t handle in some sort of misguided attempt at worker solidarity. Remember, we’re not indentured servants — we’re students. If you really want to see some change, perhaps Fritschner and his co-workers should stop going into work until an agreeable work schedule can be reached. Danish Aziz ’05 Oct. 20
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD EDITORIAL Juliette Wallack, Editor-in-Chief Philissa Cramer, Executive Editor Julia Zuckerman, Executive Editor Jen Sopchockchai, Arts & Culture Editor Leslie Kaufmann, Assistant Arts & Culture Editor Danielle Cerny, Campus Watch Editor Jonathan Ellis, Metro Editor Sara Perkins, News Editor Dana Goldstein, RISD News Editor Alex Carnevale, Opinions Editor Ben Yaster, Opinions Editor Ian Cropp, Sports Editor Christopher Hatfield, Sports Editor Bernie Gordon, Assistant Sports Editor Chris Mahr, Assistant Sports Editor Eric Perlmutter, Assistant Sports Editor PRODUCTION Peter Henderson, Design Editor Amy Ruddle, Copy Desk Chief Melanie Wolfgang, Copy Desk Chief Eddie Ahn, Graphics Editor Judy He, Photo Editor Nick Neely, Photo Editor
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THE BROWN DAILY HERALD
OPINIONS THURSDAY, OCTOBER 21, 2004 · PAGE 11
Baseball, you are killing me GUEST COLUMN BY BEN CLARK
The Red Sox and Yankees series has wreaked academic havoc on my life and on my future. I have at least two midterm papers due in the next few days and they would have been finished already, except that most of my past week has been spent watching baseball. I am no applied math concentrator, but a couple of the people I live with are. They helped me out with the following. There are 24 hours in a day. If you get the recommended eight hours of sleep, you’re down to 16 hours. At least four of those 16 — conservatively — have to be spent watching baseball, which puts you at 12. Knock a half-hour off for the Daily Show you TiVo, and then another half hour each for breakfast, lunch and dinner. You’re down to ten. You are at class for about three of those, which gives you seven hours a day to catch up on your reading, do some research in the library, write your papers and skim the posts on the Daily Jolt. At least, that is how it is supposed to happen. Unfortunately, I have not been sleeping well. I lie down to rest, and all I can do is toss and turn and think about who is going to be pitching the next game. Is Schilling going to be OK? Will Rivera’s arm fall off, already? Is Johnny Damon’s hair getting in his eyes? Isn’t Sheffield too old to still be playing? And are the Yankees going to start playing Ortiz like Bonds and pitch around him? I am lying down for eight hours, but really I am only
sleeping for four, which means I need at least two hours to nap during the day. And the games? They don’t run for four hours — they run for six. Also, half the time I spend at the Rock is utilized fighting off the plastic sheets that cover all books because the roof is still leaking, and it takes me forever to print because even though it now costs a small fortune to get a hard copy of electronic journal articles, there are still a few people who continue to insist they need a copy of every document ever produced by the
Do Terry Francona and Joe Torre know this is midterm week? census bureau. All this, plus I have to spend several minutes every time I walk around campus to heckle people in Yankees gear. Which leaves me no time to write my papers. Zilch. This is not just a problem for me. I would venture to
say that at least 50 percent of the school is in the same boat. Look around. Coffee consumption at the Blue Room is clearly up. People have been wearing the same clothes several days in a row because there’s no time to do laundry. I saw President Ruth Simmons blowing up a life-size model of Johnny Damon when she should probably have been raising money for the University. I would wager that when they are posted, exam scores are at an all-time low, and not because professors are trying to curb grade inflation. The thing is, it doesn’t end here. This series is going to be piggybacked by the World Series. Then comes the 24/7 election coverage that starts next week. Again, I will have no choice but to sit in front of the television for large portions of the day, and there is little doubt I will continue to sleep badly, wondering what outfit Teresa Heinz Kerry will wear. UCS, Simmons, the mysterious force that is Pacifica House — someone needs to do something about this. Midterm amnesty or maybe, just this once, we can just move academic evaluation to mid-November and have finals after winter break like they do at Princeton? Go Sox. Go Kerry. With any luck, I will still make it out of here in four years.
Ben Clark ’05 is from Taxachusetts.
Committee on slavery and justice will accomplish little While flipping through The Herald the other day, I stumbled upon the headline “Committee for Slavery and Justice hosts community discussion” (Oct. 20). I thought to myself,“Great, another vague article about a vague discussion about the steering committee’s vague purpose.” However, one remark in the article caught my attention. Jay Lambert of Fall River, a neighboring Massachusetts town, made a brilliant point during the audience discussion. He stated, “( The committee) should be far more concerned with the real Rhode Island economy. Seven-year-old children working in mills, not slavery, supported Brown. As someone born and raised in this part of the country, I expect the work that this committee does to be accessible to the typical southeastern New Englander.” As a Rhode Islander, I can contest that Brown has never been a part of the larger Rhode Island community. The new Committee for Slavery and Justice is a fine example. Instead of using resources to study the history of Rhode Island, Brown decides to reflect solely upon itself and whether or not the University looks bad for having the namesake of a family that was involved in triangular trade. The steering committee Web site states, “As an institution whose early benefactors included both slave traders and pioneering abolitionists, Brown has an intimate relationship to the history of American slavery.” The committee does not even pretend to have a greater purpose by extending research to the history of the surrounding Rhode Island community. Thirty people attended the committee’s discussion section the other day. Fifteen people are on the committee. Can the committee really believe it is interacting with the community? In a special report put out by the University, Ricardo Howell writes that slaves were “almost certainly” used for farmwork and household labor by the Brown family, and that Nicholas Brown & Co. “apparently utilized some slave labor.” And “at one time or another” ships owned by the Browns engaged in the triangular trade. Again, the University falls back upon vague wording to justify the steering committee. The report later states that Rhode Island College was renamed Brown University approximately 40 years after its founding by
Nicholas Brown Jr., an alum of the college and active abolitionist. The Brown family was the leading manufacturer of spermaceti candles in the late 1700s. The four brothers, John, Joseph, Moses and Nicholas, began their own business union — Nicholas Brown & Co. Prior to this, their father, James Brown, had overseen the launching of three slave ships from Providence. After the death of his wife Anna in 1773, Moses Brown viewed himself as punished by God for his part in the slave trade. He became a famous abolitionist. His brother John remained a supporter of the slave trade. Consequently, he was the first to be tried under the 1794 Slave Trade Act, which his brother Moses and the Providence Society for Promoting the Abolition of Slavery had helped pass. John’s nephew, Nicholas Jr., was the abolitionist member of the family who donated $5,000 to the University and became the namesake of
Brown covers itself at the expense of the community. Brown. The ports of Newport and Bristol were notably active in the importation of slaves. Rhode Island ships transported 106,000 slaves. Great Britain, one of the three big slave-exporting nations (along with Portugal and Spain), purchased and sold an estimated 2.5 million African slaves. Howell writes, “Despite Rhode Island’s involvement in the African slave trade, some historians conclude that molasses and rum fueled the profit-making engine that built the fortunes of Rhode Island merchants in the eighteenth century.” The birth of the American Industrial Revolution took place here in Rhode Island. Moses Brown funded Slater Mill, which, if you recall, was the first textile mill in the nation. It still stands on the Blackstone River, 10 minutes from my house and 15 minutes from your dorm. The mill began hiring children workers in 1790. The children, some as young as three years old, worked 13 to 14 hours per day. If they were not productive enough,
they could be sent to the “whipping room.” As mills began springing up along the Blackstone River, Irish immigrants became their virtual indentured servants — forced to buy from mill-owned stores and live in mill-owned houses, accumulating further debt to the mill owners. In the 1820s, Irish immigrants constructed the Blackstone Canal. Later in the 19th century, owners began to recruit French Canadians. A very large percentage of Rhode Island residents are descendants of these immigrants. Here is where Brown, slavery and the industrial revolution all tie together: On June 4 the Boston Phoenix reported, “To date, Brown University has not yet been targeted by slavery-reparations lawsuits. However, at least two suits have named FleetBank, since one of its predecessor institutions, Providence Bank, was founded by John Brown, its first president. In January one of the cases was dismissed, but another has recently been filed in New York against FleetBoston … The litigation seeks $1 billion for the descendants of slaves.” The reason for Brown’s creation of the Steering Committee on Justice and Slavery is to cover its rear end from lawsuits. If the committee directly links Brown to the slave trade, Brown opens itself up to reparations lawsuits similar to the ones against FleetBank. At the same time, slavery is a very sensitive issue, especially at a liberal Ivy League school. These conflicting factors alone will leave the steering committee unable to produce anything but vague, useless academic fluff. Brown almost had students convinced that they formed this steering committee for our educational benefit, or for the promotion of racial discussions. However, if the University was sincerely concerned with the morality behind the profits of its founding fathers, it would also be investigating Moses Brown’s connection to child labor and mill immigrant abuse. They are not exploring this connection because they face no threat of lawsuit from present-day ancestors, and because it is not as politically correct. The steering committee is not a sincere academic exploration, but rather a politically motivated program to benefit Brown University — and not the state that surrounds it. Laura Martin ’06 is a biophysics concentrator.
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD
SPORTS THURSDAY OCTOBER 21, 2004 · PAGE 12
Fan response shows contrast between Sox, Yankees Last night, everyone learned the difference between Red Sox and Yankees fans. The contrast in styles of these two groups was obvious, in how each reacted to CHRIS HATFIELD TOP HAT winning the ALCS in dramatic fashion the past two seasons. Soon after Mark Bellhorn threw to Doug Mientkiewicz to finish the greatest comeback in sports history, Brown’s Red Sox fans took to the streets. Jubilant, they could be seen hugging each other, slapping highfives, honking at passersby — much of this with people they didn’t know. Last year, Yankee fans reacted much differently. They expected to win. They’d been there. Why celebrate when you’ve made a reputation breaking the hearts of Red Sox fans? Stoic, they acted like it was supposed to happen. Who could blame them? That’s how this match-up has always ended. They aren’t bad people for being like this — it’s just natural. If you read the last two paragraphs right, you’ll notice that the fans of these teams are products of how their teams have done. Twenty-six world championships leave you expecting victory, even against the best of opponents. Eightysix years without a World Series win
see HATFIELD, page 9
Sox fans take to the streets after historic pennant-clinching victory BY IAN CROPP
Shortly after midnight, the Boston Red Sox won the American League Championship Series and a celebration erupted across the Brown campus. Groups of screaming students filled the streets, embracing and lifting each other in the air. Cars paraded down Thayer Street honking horns, while people chanted “Yankees suck” and “Who’s your daddy?” Yankees fans had taunted Red Sox pitcher Pedro Martinez with the latter chant throughout the series. “I knew it would happen, and I was still surprised,” said Michael Krawczynski ’05, of Northampton, Mass. Krawczynski, like many other fans, spent much of last week and this week watching all seven games in the series. “My school work has been nonexistent, and I just earned another week without school work,” Krawczynski said, pledging to watch all the World Series games. “But it’s worth it.” Many Red Sox fans gathered outside Josiah’s to meet friends and share their elation. “My life is in shambles, but at the same time it’s all together,” said Kyle Eudailey ’06, jumping up and down with his friends. “Maybe my birth was this exciting, but I don’t remember that.” Before the game, Yankee fans were visible around campus, fewer in number than Red Sox fans but optimistic about their team’s chances. After the game, however, Yankee fans were hard to spot, and most of those in public were visibly despondent. Still, there were some Yankee fans sporting their team’s apparel. Melinda
Offense lifts w. soccer to 3-1 home win against Holy Cross BY BERNIE GORDON
The women’s soccer team (5-8, 1-3 Ivy League) beat the College of the Holy Cross (3-10) 3-1 Wednesday night at Stevenson Field. The win snaps the Bears’ four-game losing streak, which included a 1-0 double-overtime heartbreaker against Harvard University. “Losing an Ivy game is always really hard,” said co-captain Meghan Schreck ’06. “To come out (of this game) with a win gives us a lot of confidence.” The Bears went on the offensive immediately, moving the ball well in the middle third of the field and keeping the Crusaders on defense. Brown’s stellar defense, led by goalie Hilary Wilson ’06, was not needed on Wednesday, because the Crusaders barely touched the ball. Bruno came up with several golden opportunities to score, but its shots either missed or were scooped up by the Crusader goalie. The game went into halftime tied 00, just as in the Bears’ last two games, but Head Coach Phil Pincince was not satisfied. He told his team that they needed to pressure the Crusaders more in the offensive half of the field and cut off options for them to clear the ball. “In the first half, we gave them too much respect in the middle third (of the field),” Pincince said. “As soon as we had them bottled up (in the middle third of the field), we had plenty of time.”
Ian Cropp / Herald
Students gathered in the New Dorm suite of Michael Krawczynski ’05 (second from right) to watch the Boston Red Sox defeat the New York Yankees 10-3 to win the American League pennant. Gills ’08, who wore her Yankees hat, shirt and slippers to the Gate, says she plans to keep wearing the clothing. “Of course I will wear my Yankees stuff,” said Gills. “And I’m going to buy a St. Louis Cardinals hat if they beat the Red Sox.” The Cardinals play the Houston Astros today in Game 7 of the National League Championship Series. For Yankee fan Rody Tadenev ’08, the results of the game were a shock, but he took the series into perspective. “Life goes on,” said Tadenev. “You root for the winner of the other series. My professor is going to give me a hard time,
Bill Pijewski / Herald
Pincince’s speech fired up the team, and the Bears got on the board less than a minute after halftime when Susie Keller ’08 crossed the ball to cocaptain Michelle Sriwongtong ’05, just in front of the goal. Sriwongtong passed the ball by an oncoming defender, and Christine Serdjenian ’06 buried the ball in the far corner of the net. “It was a great feeling,” Serdjenian said about scoring the goal. “We knew (from watching their other games) that teams who scored one goal would get many, so we just wanted to get that first
see W. SOCCER, page 7
see SOX, page 7
Despite efforts by SAAC and athletic department, fans still staying away from football games BY CAROLINE BRANDON
Christine Serdjenian ’06 had a goal and an assist in last night’s game.
but next year we will come back.” The celebrations lasted early into this morning, with several students extending their celebration beyond the Brown campus. “I’m going up to Boston,” said Ben Cabot ’06, who planned to drive up north to meet friends at 2 a.m. and then return for his 9 a.m. class today. Other New England college campuses experienced similar reactions, with police keeping tight control of celebrations at the University of MassachusettsAmherst and at Northeastern University
Brown football may not be comparable to the Ohio State Buckeyes, the Colorado Buffaloes or even the Southern California Trojans, but the lack of fan support at Brown goes beyond the stigma that Ivy League football is inferior to the rest of Division I. Brown students are recognized for their independence and diversity of interests, but this isn’t leading them to football games. Ten students informally polled at the Sharpe Refectory were asked whether they knew how Brown’s football team finished last year in the Ivy League. None of them believed Brown was a competitive team last year or knew that Brown finished tied for second in the Ivy League. The men’s soccer games have a solid fan base, despite not being one of the more popular sports among the American public. At the opening soccer game against Clemson University on Sept. 10, held on a Friday night, the stadium was packed. “We advertise on our own for games like Clemson,” said Laurent Manuel ’08, a member of the soccer team. “We hung
banners and flyers, went dorm to dorm and even sent out e-mails. We made it the thing to do.” But the football team has not developed a similarly reliable student fan base. Kyra Selwyn ’07, who transferred to Brown from Skidmore College, said she finds the lack of a focus on football to be a positive aspect of Brown. “One of the reasons I transferred is because Brown allows students to make choices,” she said. “Instead of forcing something like football games as the central theme of the campus, each extracurricular is seen as a piece of the puzzle.” “Brown football is just something you do if your parents or friends are in town,”
see FOOTBALL, page 7 B ROW N S P O RTS S CO R E B OA R D (Home team in capital letters) Wednesday, October 20 Women’s Soccer: BROWN 3, Holy Cross 1 Field Hockey: Providence 5, BROWN 1 Men’s Water Polo: Brown 7, MIT 6 (3 OT) Thursday, October 21 Men’s Tennis: Omni Blacksburg, Va.