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F R I D A Y MARCH 7, 2003


An independent newspaper serving the Brown community since 1891

Campus community prepares for possible outbreak of Iraq war BY DANA GOLDSTEIN

On Sept. 11, 2001, a shocked University community was kept informed by outdoor televisions giving minute-to-minute news updates and comforted by speakers on the Main Green and a candlelight vigil on the steps of Manning Hall that evening. A year and a half later, with a possible war with Iraq looming, the University community finds itself in a different position. Student antiwar groups, faculty members and Providence community organizations are involved in planning a variety of events to take place in the days immediately following the start of a declared or undeclared war. Mark Nickel, director of the Brown News Service, said he was unaware of any official plan the University would use to notify students of war or to provide a forum for discussion and reflection. “I don’t think there’s any plan to broadly notify people if hostilities begin,” he said. “I think people will know about that faster than we could tell them.” The group Students Against War in Iraq has already posted flyers throughout campus advertising its own plans for what the Campus Anti-War Network, a national student group, has deemed “Day X” — the first day of bombings over Iraq. A walkout is being organized for 11:30 a.m. on Day X, or, if bombings begin at night, the next morning. Unlike walkouts of the Vietnam era, which sometimes pitted student protesters against their professors, SAWI members said the purpose of this walkout will be to signify, along with members of older generations, widespread disapproval of an unjust war. Nathaniel Lepp ’06, a member of SAWI’s coordinating committee, said, “The idea of the walkout is that it’s a symbolic way to represent that life can’t continue normally when we’re dropping bombs on innocent people. “SAWI is inviting professors who are antiwar to walk out as well, and bring their classes with them,” Lepp said. “This will make a bolder statement. We are also suggesting that professors who don’t want to cancel their classes use ten to fifteen minutes to discuss the war.” After the morning walkout and meeting on the Main Green, SAWI is planning to move downtown to the Federal Building, where a 4:30 p.m. gathering has been organized by a coalition of Rhode Island peace, community and religious groups. see DAY X, page 4

Jason White / Herald

Novelist N. Scott Momaday spoke to a Salomon crowd Thursday as part of Native American History Week.

Novelist captivates crowd with tales BY MOMOKO HIROSE

With tales of talking dogs and the birth of stars, novelist N. Scott Momaday captivated an audience of about 70 at the Native American History Week Convocation Thursday night. Momaday spoke in Salomon 101, sharing his works and stories as a Native American and Pulitzer Prize-winning novelist. Momaday is currently a Regents Professor of the Humanities at the University of Arizona and teaches courses in Native American oral tradition. Nitana Hicks ’03, a member of Native Americans at Brown, told The Herald the main goals of the convocation were to raise awareness and inspire involvement in the N.A. community at Brown. “We wanted to bring a big name speaker to campus so that we could get more visibility from the University for our group, because we’re small,” Hicks said. Though he said he was born into the Kiowa community, Momaday described his childhood experience as “PanIndian.” He recounted his formative years spent in the Southwest on Apache, Navajo and Pueblo reservations,

Impact of potential war on Office of International Programs cause of concern for some participants BY JANE PORTER

With the Office of International Programs providing study abroad opportunities to approximately 500 undergraduates a year, the impact of a potential war on these programs is a concern for many incoming participants. Students and families have expressed reservations about study abroad, but the interest is still there, said Kirstin Moritz, director of International Programs. “We won’t know for a while what the fall numbers will be.” Much of the uncertainty is due to the possibility of new travel warnings being issued by the U.S. Department of State if the United States goes to war with Iraq. It is University policy to follow the State Department’s travel guidelines for students, Moritz said. If warnings indicate travel must be deferred or students must return home, the University will act accordingly.

In keeping with State Department advisories, Brown is currently not permitting study abroad in Israel, Jordan and Lebanon. However, students still express a desire to study abroad in these countries and, with the looming danger of war, the OIP has taken extra steps to ensure their safety. “I’m definitely concerned. People are always concerned, especially with the fragile state of world affairs,” said Ari Lucas ’05, who hopes to study in Israel in the spring of 2004. “We definitely need to take precautions, but I wouldn’t use the world situation as a reason not to study abroad.” Lucas may have to take a temporary leave from Brown and study abroad through another university, because the OIP cannot currently allow students to study in Israel. Regardless of where students are looking to study, see OIP, page 4

which gave him insight and subject material for his work. Momaday has taught a course in Native American oral tradition since 1969, but “I have only scratched the surface,” he said. “It is a rich literature.” Momaday said he sets the origins of American literature 2000 years ago when an individual put paint on walls. “Literature is a broader field than we consider, I think,” Momaday said, including any time an artist incises a surface. Momaday recounted the Kiowa tale of the Rock Tree Boy, where a boy pretends to be a bear chasing his seven sisters and becomes a bear in reality. The sisters try to run away and climb on a tree stump to escape. As the bear approaches, the tree starts to grow into the sky and the seven sisters become the stars of the Big Dipper. “Stories are extremely important to me,” Momaday said. “Language is important to me also. … I wonder how it happened that we can talk … when other animals cannot.” Citing his work, “In the Bear’s House,” which follows a dialogue between a bear, Urset, and God, Yahweh, Momaday discussed through his characters what a story is about. “A story is a telling — a narration of events. … It has wonder, delight, belief and grace,” Momaday said as Yahweh. Momaday said his experiences with an elderly Kiowa woman inspired him. “As I am reading, she appeared on this page … she said, ‘You remembered me well. You have imagined me well, and so I am,’” Momaday said. “At first, I thought it was all in my mind, but she said, ‘You imagine that I am in this room … it is one type of being, but it is perhaps the best type of being,’” Momaday said. Describing adventures of stoning an iceberg to make it break and the beautiful cave paintings in which animals moved with the flicker of the lights, Momaday said how precisely these types of mysteries inspire us. “A story ought to do this to make you think — to inspire your imagination,” Momaday said. “I don’t know if you could ask a story to do more. … Never again will you look at the Big Dipper in the same way.” “N. Scott Momaday was just an amazing storyteller. He had a great way of telling a story and showing how important stories are,” said Sam Klugman ’05. Herald staff writer Momoko Hirose ’06 covers the Third World community. She can be reached at

I N S I D E F R I D AY, M A RC H 7 , 2 0 0 3 Brown steps in to help in the city’s continuing Thayer Street revitalization effort metro, page 3

Post- travels abroad and comes back with a tan and mild case of malaria magazine

TO D AY ’ S F O R E C A S T Professor Neta Crawford ’85 outlines Bush’s new foreign policy doctrines guest column, page 9

Alex Schulman ’03 starts round two of his fight against affirmative action column, page 11

Athlete of the Week Ben Brier ’04 come through for the men’s tennis team sports, page 12

mostly sunny high 32 low 25


THIS MORNING FRIDAY, MARCH 7, 2003 · PAGE 2 Pornucopia Eli Swiney





High 32 Low 25 mostly sunny

High 48 Low 35 partly cloudy

High 45 Low 16 few showers/wind

High 32 Low 15 partly cloudy


A Story Of Eddie Ahn

CALENDAR FORUM — President Ruth Simmons will update staff members on the Academic Enrichment Initiative, Staff Advisory Committee. Sayles Hall, noon BOOK SALE — Level A, Rockefeller Library. Rockefeller Library, 10 a.m. CONFERENCE — “Race, Globalization, and the New Ethnic Studies,” Native Americans at Brown. The Inn at Brown, 8 a.m. DISCUSSION — “Sexual Orientation and Prejudice among Women,” Sarah Doyle Women’s Center. Sarah Doyle Women’s Center, noon PERFORMANCE — Queen Godls, spoken word artist, Third World Center. Arnold Lounge, 8:30 p.m.

Coup de Grace Grace Farris

THEATRE — “Six Characters in Search of an Author,” by Luigi Pirandello, directed by Kevin Moriarty, Department of Theatre, Speech, and Dance. Stuart Theatre, 8 p.m.

CROSSWORD y ACROSS 1 Way out 5 Soyuz launcher 9 Space effect, briefly 14 Lady Macbeth, for one 15 Earnest request 16 Japanese porcelain 17 They’re served in splits 19 Strolling areas 20 Start of a quip 22 Not part of the set 23 Orchestrate 24 Cat’s pajamas? 27 Cigar tip 30 Nut source 31 Glass in a frame 32 Quip, part 2 36 Offended olfactorily 38 Monitor’s beat 39 Dusk characteristic 40 War parties 41 Quip, part 3 42 “I __ You Now”: #1 Eddie Fisher hit 43 __ de combat 45 Top or block 46 Filling station worker?: Abbr. 47 Briefly treat with high heat 48 Hack 51 End of the quip 56 Court story 59 Baddies 60 Disgusted 61 Blow like a gale 62 ’60s pop quartet member 63 Sample 64 Good-sized piece 65 Sheriff’s badge DOWN 1 Very dry 2 Points of concentration 3 On the safer side 4 Right-hand page 5 Flip


6 Refinery refuse 7 Part-time player 8 Fight a b’ar, maybe 9 Like some jacket hoods 10 Arab chieftain 11 “Norma __” 12 ’60s-’70s Boston Garden hero 13 Enlistees 18 Disencumber 21 Spenser’s “The __ Queene” 24 Pretend 25 Paris-based world org. 26 Sailor’s omen 27 Just around the corner 28 Took turns, say 29 Justice appointed by Teddy Roosevelt 30 Biblical pronoun 31 Phnom __ 33 Lost one’s footing 34 Mama baaer 35 Ready for drying

37 Ambulance rider, briefly 39 Operations mgrs. 41 Coming 44 Horse operas 47 Criticize sneakily 48 People subject 49 Contribute 50 Sail supports 51 Be up against

52 Capital near the Baltic 53 Accomplishment 54 Cookbook author Rombauer 55 Peter the Great, for one 56 Back at sea 57 Meadowland 58 Freudian subjects

My Best Effort Will Newman and Grace Farris





























La Gatita Alejandra Cerna Rios


Stumped? Call 1-900-226-4413. 99 cents a minute 1

















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By Joy M. Andrews (c)2003 Tribune Media Services, Inc.


THE RATTY LUNCH—Vegetarian Mushroom Vegetable Soup, RI Quahog Chowder, Hot Turkey Sandwich, Vegan Mediterranean Stew, Mashed Potatoes, Belgian Carrots, M & M Cookies DINNER —Vegetarian Mushroom Vegetable Soup, RI Quahog Chowder, Marinated Beef, Oriental Scallops with Pineapple, Vegetable Tortilla Lasagna, Sticky Rice, Corn & Sweet Pepper Saute, Sugar Snap Peas, Onion & Dill Rolls, Chocolate Cake with White Icing

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IN BRIEF United Way of Rhode Island collects more than $400K for victims of The Station nightclub fire The United Way of Rhode Island has already collected $400,000 to meet the short-term needs of the victims of The Station nightclub fire and their families. The fire killed 98 and left more than 190 people injured. Thus far, UWRI has distributed $81,000 to meet these needs but is still collecting and distributing donations, said Hank Sennott, director of public relations for UWRI. Governor Donald Carcieri ’65 created The Station Nightclub Fire Relief Fund on Feb. 24, and UWRI began distribution of funds by Feb. 26, Sennott said. Both companies and individuals have contributed to the fund, he said. Funds are used to cover costs such as funeral expenses, rent, mortgage payments, transportation and insurance premiums, Sennott said. Although the fund has been distributing money since last Wednesday, Sennott said he believes many people are still grieving and claims will be filed this week and next. “People aren’t thinking, ‘The rent’s due Thursday,’” Sennott said. UWRI will not accept more than $2 million in donations for short-term needs, Sennott said. UWRI does not have the appropriate means to distribute funds for the long-term needs of victims and families, which include long-term healthcare and counseling services, he said. “There needs to be something in place to address the longer-term needs,” he said. —Adam Stella

Brown is stepping into the city’s shoes to help revitalize a struggling Thayer Street BY JULIETTE WALLACK

With the help of a nationally recognized urban consultant, Brown is stepping into the city’s shoes in a continuing effort to revitalize Thayer Street. Brown hatched its plan when former mayor Vincent Cianci was still in office, forming the Thayer Street Improvement District, a coalition of landlords, the city and the University to improve the streetscape. Now, with Mayor David Cicilline ’83 at the city’s helm, work on the project continues. As plans and support for the TSID develops, the changing face of Thayer Street becomes more obvious. “We’re very proud to be part of a residential area,” said Laura Freid, executive vice president for public affairs and University relations. “We want to make sure that Thayer Street is as vital as it can be.” Brown is a major property owner on Thayer Street, according to Freid. All of the 12 major property owners on the street, including Brown, are involved with the TSID, Freid said. Last year, the University pledged $400,000 to support the TSID, and then “sought a matching level of support from the City of Providence for capital improvements,” Freid said. Cianci led the city at the time, but Cicilline has agreed to provide support. The University’s Thayer Street team includes Freid and Walter Hunter, vice president for administration. With the assistance of Dan Biederman, an urban consultant known for his revitalization of Bryant Park and of Grand Central Station in New York City, the University began to make plans several years ago for the future of the street. That includes making the street safer and more attractive for both members of the University community and College Hill residents, Freid said. The “vital retail area” has character, Freid said, and the

goal of the TSID is not to destroy that certain appeal, but “we hope it will make the street feel safer to people who are using it.” Safety is a factor to consider, Biederman said, and to address that concern, a security officer will begin patrolling the street in coming months. But first, he said, the Department of Public Safety, members of the TSID and the Providence Police Department must work out details and how exactly the security officer will be linked with Providence Police. He likened the proposed guard to a night watchman. “We don’t ask them to intervene and stop the knifing or something,” he said, but the guard will be “closely tied with the cops,” which means Providence Police will be called to assist with situations. The added security is just one part of the comprehensive TSID, with improvements planned for the physical appearance of the street as well, Biederman said. He said major differences will be apparent in about two years, though the changes will be implemented gradually. Some issues the TSID will address include providing solid plantings on sidewalks and improving lighting. Biederman also said he hopes to improve paving at the corners, introduce bike racks and trees and work on the current newspaper boxes. All of these items affect the streetscape, but the true challenge he faces is working within such a small district with such a small budget, he said. “The battle is to always show enough improvement to justify the amounts that the private property owners and Brown put forward,” Biederman said. With all 12 major property owners involved to some extent with the TSID, there is certainly support for the project. But Biederman said he senses a certain “cynicism” toward “the street’s ability to move forward” that stems


Day X continued from page 1 Anna Galland ’01 of the American Friends Service Committee, one of the organizations working on this “emergency response plan,” said the protest would be “for people who want to be a little more loud and rowdy.” Galland said the Act Now to Stop War and End Racism coalition would be bringing people to the event, which would consist of signholding, literature distribution and chanting. At 5:30 p.m. the same day, a candlelight vigil will be held at Abbot Place Park, located near Beneficent Church at 300 Weybosset Street. “It’s so traumatic when war starts. It’s a huge trauma for a lot of people,” Galland said, calling the vigil “a silent, I might even say mournful gathering, just to bear witness to the gravity and the scale of war that will then be happening.” The following Sunday a peace rally will be held at 3:00 p.m. at the Statehouse. “I know all the groups in the community are really grateful to have Brown students come down from the Hill,” Galland said. “It makes a big difference.” Back on campus, University Chaplain Janet Cooper Nelson said her office will be encouraging students to take advantage of events occurring in the community during the day the war begins. “Most of us have been trying to keep together on this front

and not be cooking up our own plans for things,” she said. “It seems as though there would be some strength in numbers.” Cooper Nelson said her first responsibility as chaplain would be to support students who have direct connections to the violence. “There’s this perception here that we’re untouched by the military establishment or that we don’t have students who have loved ones in Iraq,” she said. “We do. Our first concern is the support of the people with fear and worry and then the calling together of people of good will for peace. … I think the best way to protect our military is to bring (it) home.” Cooper Nelson said, although a walkout might not be her personal choice, “it pleases me a great deal to see people enact their political choices nonviolently.” As an academic advisor, Cooper Nelson said she believed Brown students would only walk out of classes if they had thought deeply about their reasons for doing so. “For those of us who are my age, this brings back memories,” she said, alluding to the protest movement of the Vietnam years. “I really do feel very committed in saying to you, if you are like I once was, that you are not an uppity, stupid college student, and, if you are a guest in this county, you should also enjoy our democratic rights to speak.” Herald staff writer Dana Goldstein ’06 can be reached at

OIP continued from page 1 the issue of war has not been overlooked by the OIP. “Every study abroad office in the U.S. has had incredible discussion about security due to the world tension — it is widely addressed in our field,” Moritz said. Nevertheless, many students who intend to study in nonMiddle Eastern countries are less anxious about their study abroad prospects. “I don’t really have any safety concerns,” said Charlotte Levy ’05, who plans to study abroad in Prague next spring. “Mainly, I think it would be very interesting to see the war from a different perspective.” Rep. Peter Hoekstra, R-Mich., who chaired congressional hearings regarding the varying quality of security measures in study abroad programs in 2000, told the Washington Post he plans to follow up on the issue this year. “There is no doubt that if terrorist groups are out there, they are going to attack Europeans and Americans,” Hoekstra said. “Students just need to be aware of the risks and know that if there is conflict in the Middle East, those risks will increase.” Consequently, communication is a way for students to protect themselves in the event that war should become a pressing issue, Moritz said. Many students abroad have cell phones with them and they are asked to keep them working and on as often as possible.

Moritz said she received a phone call from a concerned parent unable to get in touch with a student simply because the student’s cell phone had been turned off for a few days. “We stress to students that they have to have open communications when studying abroad,” Moritz said. Students are also encouraged to visit, the State Department’s Bureau of Consular Affairs Web site. The Web site includes useful information for students such as consular information sheets, public announcements and travel warnings, and encourages students to learn as much as possible about the country they plan to study in. In accordance with the State Department, the OIP strives to help students stay security conscious, Moritz said. Before leaving for their site, participants attend an orientation to help familiarize them with the study abroad experience. They then attend another orientation upon arriving on-site and soon after with the assistance of a site coordinator, students are registered with the nearest American embassy, she said. Parents and students are assured site directors have experience in dealing with such crosscultural situations and on-site staff maintains connections with local authorities. In the specific event that war is to break out, onsite staff members have developed emergency plans that differ for each location, depending on what measures must be taken to ensure the safety of students. Other precautions taken when students are on-site include integrating them into the local culture to help improve the quality of cross-cultural communication and avoid any conflicts students might otherwise encounter. They are encouraged to take classes with native students and become familiar with cultural traditions and customs. Brown programs are generally fully integrated into the host culture, Moritz said. But despite these safety measures, the possibility of war is sure to create conflicts for Brown students abroad, Moritz said. “We are hoping that world situations resolve themselves peacefully enough,” she said. “We hope the effects of world tension don’t spiral.”

Thayer continued from page 3 from failed attempts in the street’s past to improve the district. Brown did not contribute to past failed efforts to revitalize Thayer Street. Oop! co-owner David Riordan, who opened Oop! in 1990, was part of the “failed attempt” to improve the district. But he said he didn’t necessarily look at his efforts as failures. Those efforts included establishing the Thayer Street Business Association, which was active for about 11 years, he said. The association began to dissolve after Riordan and his wife decreased their involvement, but despite that, Thayer Street has continued to cycle, Riordan said. “It’s had its upswings and its downswings,” Riordan said, pointing to the one-and-a-half year-old Kartabar, Urban Outfitters and Johnny Rockets, all newer chain establishments on the street, as current successes. Now, he said, “I think the street is very nice,” and “with the energy and the money that’s supposedly coming, I think it’s going to be a great shopping district.” But Riordan, who is a store owner rather than a property owner, said the TSID planning process hasn’t heavily involved the store owners yet, something that he hopes will come. “I do have a concern whether the tenants are represented appropriately, because they need to have a big voice,” Riordan said. “Whether that’s something that will be welcomed is something that will be determined. Both Riordan and Biederman cited the district’s small size as a problem. While Biederman cited a small budget to match the small district, Riordan said he’s concerned that with so few storeowners and operators, tenants’ voices might not be easily heard. And Riordan, whose storefront is at the northern end of the district, said he doesn’t have the same safety concerns see THAYER, page 6



Hunt for Bin Laden intensifies after Mohammed capture WASHINGTON — U.S. and Pakistani forces have launched a substantial new operation to flush Osama bin Laden from hiding in northwest Pakistan after gleaning fresh leads from Saturday’s capture of al-Qaida lieutenant Khalid Sheik Mohammed, according to security officials in Washington and two allied capitals. The intensified hunt, after months of quiet, has revived discussions in the Bush administration on whether to capture or kill the al-Qaida leader if given the choice. Participants in the pursuit now tell the White House that they have tantalizing prospects of reaching the goal — “wanted, dead or alive” — that President Bush set for bin Laden in the first days after Sept. 11, 2001. It is possible, they said, that Bush may be called upon to choose between those alternatives. U.S. officials disclosed late Thursday that special operations forces poured into Pakistan’s northwest border province on Wednesday. One of them said the commanders “think they’ve got a good lead” and “rushed up there” because of evidence accumulated during and shortly after Mohammed’s capture in the Islamabad suburb of Rawalpindi. Though the officials differed on some particulars, they agreed that documentary materials seized in the raid, when collated with

previous intelligence, gave fresh impetus to the bin Laden hunt despite Mohammed’s best efforts to obscure the trail. Intelligence analysts have long believed bin Laden is concealed among Pashtun tribal allies along the seam between Pakistan and Afghanistan. The chief of an allied intelligence agency said in an interview that bin Laden and his al-Qaida cofounder, Ayman Zawahiri, “have a lot of money still and they are spending money” in the border areas, adding: “We have tracked this sometimes. Sometimes bin Laden and Zawahiri are together, sometimes not.” Many officials think it unlikely that either man can be taken alive. Unlike Mohammed and other alQaida lieutenants who were surprised with little protection in private homes, bin Laden travels with well-armed and competent security teams. An authoritative source said the operations orders for a bin Laden takedown call for going in “guns blazing, no restraint — you’re going to blow the security away and blow the protection away.” Attorney General John Ashcroft and Director of Central Intelligence George Tenet, among others, oppose any attempt to capture bin Laden alive, according to participants in meetings where they have said so.

Bush presses for U.N. security council vote on disarming Iraq WASHINGTON — President Bush

vowed Thursday to bring the confrontation over disarming Iraq to a head within days, saying he will push for a U.N. Security Council vote even if it means defeat for the U.S. request to use force. “No matter what the ... count is, we’re calling for the vote,” the president told reporters during a rare prime-time news conference at the White House. “It’s time for people to show their cards, let the world know where they stand.” In a calm voice, Bush pressed his argument that inaction against Iraqi President Saddam Hussein is more dangerous than war. “The risk of doing nothing, the risk of hoping that Hussein Hussein changes his mind and becomes a gentle soul, the risk that … inaction will make the world safer is a risk I’m not willing to take for the American people,” the president said. The president insisted, as he has for months, that time is running out for a decision. “I meant what I said when I said this was the final phase of diplomacy,” he said. The news conference came on the eve of what is expected to be a decisive U.N. debate on the merits of using force to disarm Iraq, a case the administration has failed to make with many key allies. In the face of clear opposition from veto-wielding council members France, Russia and now China, Britain and the U.S. showed increasing signs Thursday that they are open to amending their draft resolution on Iraq.

The allies are now considering giving Iraq a “little bit more time” — possibly days and not more than two weeks — to comply with the U.N. disarmament effort, U.S. and British officials said at the United Nations. They are also discussing an ultimatum for Saddam to comply or leave Baghdad, diplomats said. France, Russia, Germany and other council members have proposed presenting Iraq with a specific list provided by chief weapons inspector Hans Blix of the most important disarmament tasks, or “benchmarks,” perhaps paired with a deadline. U.S. officials are considering a separate set of demands that could include allowing all Iraqi scientists who have worked on weapons programs to leave the country for private interviews with inspectors, diplomats said. But both Washington and London are concerned that a list of benchmarks would only raise more problems and prolong negotiations about judging whether Iraq had met the requirements. In the news conference, Bush sidestepped questions whether the United States would agree to such new proposals. “That’s what the United Nations Security Council has been talking about for 12 long years,” Bush said, just hours before Blix is to give a pivotal report to the council. “It’s now time for this issue to come to a head at the Security Council, and it will.” The 45-minute news conference — only the second Bush has

conducted in prime time during his presidency, the first coming shortly after the Sept. 11, 2001 attacks — was consumed by two foreign policy issues, Iraq and North Korea. Bush said he is optimistic the crisis over North Korea’s apparent intention to build nuclear weapons can be resolved through diplomacy, not war. He did not repeat the statement he made last week that the United States also has a military option available. “We are working hard to bring a diplomatic solution, and we’ve made some progress ... and I’m optimistic that we’ll come up with a diplomatic solution,” he said. Bush rejected the suggestions of critics who say he should open direct talks with North Korea and said he still wants the problem solved multilaterally, as a “regional issue.” “This is a regional issue. I say regional issue because there’s a lot of countries that have got a direct stake in whether or not North Korea has nuclear weapons,” he said, naming China, South Korea, Japan and Russia. “I think the best way to deal with this is in multilateral fashion, by convincing those nations that they must stand up to their responsibility along with the United States to convince Kim Jong Il that the development of a nuclear arsenal is not in his nation’s interests, and that should he want help in easing the suffering of the North Korean people, the best way to achieve that help is to not proceed forward” with its nuclear program, he said.


Britain pushes compromise U.N. resolution WASHINGTON — Britain struggled

Thursday to save a new U.S.British resolution authorizing war with Iraq from likely defeat at the United Nations, floating a compromise that would allow Iraqi President Saddam Hussein a final opportunity to fully disarm before the resolution would go into effect and war is launched. British Foreign Secretary Jack Straw said he would “strain every nerve” to persuade a majority of the U.N. Security Council’s 15 members to support the resolution, which declares Hussein has failed at his last chance for peaceful disarmament. Straw, who spoke to reporters at the United Nations, has proposed amending the measure to give the Iraqi leader an extra week, “all or nothing deadline,” after passage before it would go into effect, diplomats and U.S. officials said. The officials said the Bush administration agreed to the proposal, which was distributed to council governments Thursday. The United States and Britain have said they expect a vote on the resolution by the end of next

week. With the additional week of grace time, officials said they would then see a clear path to war by late March unless Hussein complied. But as council foreign ministers gathered at U.N. headquarters in New York for the third time in six weeks to hear a progress report from chief weapons inspector Hans Blix, even an amended resolution appeared doomed by the prospect of a veto from France and possibly Russia. French officials said Thursday that the addition of an ultimatum would not affect their belief that inspections are making progress and should be allowed to continue. Diplomats from a number of council countries predicted that the United States and Britain would remain unable to marshal the necessary nine votes for passage, with or without a veto. A U.N. ambassador from one of the six council member countries whose votes the sponsors are seeking said Thursday night that the amendment proposed an “arbitrary deadline” that made little sense to his government. It means, he said, that the council is

being asked to agree in advance to war unless Hussein “comes into compliance with everything” in the space of a week, and discounts any further role for inspections into Iraq’s banned missile, chemical, biological and nuclear weapons programs. In anticipation of a U.S.-led invasion that seemed inevitable, U.N. diplomats engaged in frenzied meetings and corridor conferences at U.N. headquarters Thursday. Diplomatic messages moved back and forth between their home capitals and New York. But the debate over the new resolution appeared headed toward a full-fledged confrontation. Secretary of State Colin Powell arrived in New York Thursday afternoon to attend Friday’s Security Council session with Blix and immediately went into a meeting with Straw. The two later met with Foreign Minister Ana Palacio of Spain, whose government is also sponsoring the resolution. In Washington, President Bush telephoned Mexican President Vicente Fox.

Fellow inmate strikes Lindh The FBI said Thursday it is investigating a prison assault against John Walker Lindh, the so-called American Taliban soldier, who was slightly injured when another inmate struck him at the federal penitentiary in Victorville, Calif. According to his San Francisco lawyers, the 21year-old Marin County man was preparing for evening prayer Monday in the prison chapel when an inmate accosted him. “Our understanding is that the inmate tackled John and began hitting him while screaming obscenities before running off,” said attorney Tony West. “The incident lasted several seconds. Prison officials later apprehended the inmate.” West said he visited Lindh on Wednesday. “He is fine. He’s in very good spirits,” West said. “He suffered no injuries, with the exception of a minor bruise on his forehead, and he is not in any physical pain.” Dan Dunne, a spokesman for the Bureau of Prisons in Washington, also said Lindh is doing well, and that measures were under way to improve his security. Lindh pleaded guilty last year and was given a 20-year prison sentence after being captured on the battlefield in Afghanistan during the war

Thayer continued from page 4 Biederman cited, but that is partly because of his location. He called himself an “active owner” who watches out for his portion of the street. “I’m here every day of the week. Whether it’s a panhandler or a group of kids, if they’re in front of my business, I tell them to move on,” he said. In his experience, he said, someone who is asked repeatedly to move from in front of a store will eventually stop coming back. Despite that, Riordan said he appreciates the effort the University and the city have made to make the street even more successful. But, he said, whether or not that effort had been made, “I find it to be a great street. “I think people knock Thayer Street quite a bit, but I find it to be a great street,” Riordan said, and he attributes the success of his store to the “funky” atmosphere of the street. No matter what work is done, though, he said he thinks the street will maintain an urban feel because of the College Hill community. That College Hill community, including East Side residents, has been involved in the TSID since the beginning, Biederman said. He said Brown has scheduled meetings with concerned residents, and he has spoken to several neighborhood leaders, as well. Biederman said he thinks the tension between College Hill residents and the Brown community is overstated, and the problems

on terror there. His San Francisco-area family had wanted him housed near them, and prison officials said they have worked hard to guarantee his safety, especially since many in the United States considered him a traitor for joining the Taliban army. Lindh expressed remorse for his crime, and has been cooperating with federal authorities since pleading guilty as officials seek to learn more about the Taliban and al-Qaida training camps. Lindh, who was transferred to Victorville in January, has said he wants to pursue his Islamic studies in prison. FBI spokeswoman Laura Bosley in Los Angeles said agents were investigating the attack and whether charges should be brought through the U.S. attorney’s office. She said a single inmate attacked Lindh, though she declined to identify him. She said no weapons were involved, and that Lindh was treated at the prison for his injury. Bosley said the FBI probe was not out of the ordinary because of Lindh’s notoriety and the special political nature of his case. West added, “At this time, we have no reason to believe that this was anything more than an isolated incident.”

are not bad compared to neighborhood conflicts in New York, where he completed other projects. If there is tension, Biederman said, it actually exists between large, chain-operated stores like CVS, Urban Outfitters and Gap and smaller, independent stores, like Oop! and Beadworks. Landlords are inclined to rent to “nationals,” Riordan said, because chains “know how to do what they do.” He said national chains are often more adept at creating appealing window displays, which improve the overall streetscape. He commended Oop! for attractive window displays, but he said smaller establishments that do a good job of creating creative windows are rare. “You have to look hard for those people,” he said, but improving displays can help the streetscape progress. He said part of the TSID plans include working with storeowners to improve the displays on the street. Both Freid and Biederman commended the city’s support. Biederman said it is “unusual” for a city to pledge support so early in the process, particularly cashstrapped Providence. “Providence doesn’t have a lot of money sitting around,” Biederman said, and he said Cianci’s agreement to match Brown’s contribution and Cicilline’s continued support is “terrific.” Herald staff writer Juliette Wallack ’05 edits the metro section. She can be reached at





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The only other home game this weekend will be the women’s lacrosse game this weekend against Notre Dame on Sunday. The game will take place at 1 p.m., assuming no cancellations occur due to weather. The men’s lacrosse game scheduled for yesterday was cancelled due to unplayable field conditions caused by snow and is rescheduled for Stevenson Field here in Providence on Wednesday, Mar. 26th at 7 p.m. during Brown’s Spring Break.

argue that, as he had won the final match of the day, the pressure lay squarely on Brier’s shoulders. “He was the hero of the match, so to speak,” Harris said. “He was the last guy on with the match tied 3-3. He had split sets (with his opponent) and found himself with two hundred screaming fans all supporting but also counting on him. That was a pressure situation and he totally reveled in it.” The team followed up the gigantic win against Wake Forest on Feb. 22 with two more wins over St. John’s and Navy this past weekend, pushing the record to 8-1. For Brier the victory against Wake was not only a crucial win but a signal of the hard work he put into his play since suffering a foot injury last year that sidelined him for three months. “I went up for a serve and felt sort of a crack in my foot,” Brier said. “I continued to play, and when I saw the trainer he said I sprained it. I kept playing and ended up injuring it pretty badly.” As a result of the injury, Brier sat out much of Brown’s Ivy Championship season, which proved difficult to manage. Brier said that the injury caused him to question “where (his) game was and whether I could continue to play at this level.” Last summer, Brier set out to regain the confidence that had defined him as a high school player. “I put in extra time over the summer and competed as much as I could,” Brier said. Brier’s work ethic was something Harris noticed right away this fall as the two set out to over-

M. ballers continued from page 12 first Ivy League men’s hoops player to do so since 1984. Furthermore, with a win, the team will break the record for the most winning four-year period in school history. The win over the Tigers tied the record of 55, accomplished between 1972 and 1975. “If we beat Dartmouth and Harvard, we deserve to keep playing,” said Jason Forte ’05, who scored a career-high 30 points against Princeton. Saturday against the Crimson

Cropp continued from page 12 guarantee you that any fight will inevitably be longer and more entertaining than all of Mike Tyson’s last 10 pay-per-view fights. We all have stress and aggression pent up inside from midterms and need to find an avenue to relieve ourselves. (I’m not suggesting going to the bathroom on Waterman Street, although I have seen it done before.) If you go to the hockey game, it is not only acceptable but also encouraged that you make fun of people on the other team. Okay, so you won’t get a free Tshirt that says “Miller’s Maniacs,” but you can turn it

haul Brier’s match strategy. “We changed his game back to a more attacking style, which is how he played when he was younger,” Harris said. The change in strategy allowed Brier to play more comfortably on the court and allowed him to focus on strengthening the mental side of his game. Harris worked with Brier on visualizing success on the court, something that Brier said helped him “improve (his) confidence in my abilities on the court.” The improved confidence and work ethic has without a doubt positioned Brier as a leader on the Bears’ squad. “He is a guy the younger guys especially look up to,” Harris said. “We are a fairly young team with four freshmen and two sophomores, and the match against Wake Forest was an opportunity to gain respect from the team.” Brier’s play against Wake Forest not only inspired his younger teammates, but also made quite an impression on the older players. Harris noted that Captain Chris Drake ’03, who “had been the guy who was going out and winning those pressure matches,” was also inspired by Brier’s match. “Chris then went out and had his best week of practice and played two great matches” against St. John’s and Navy, he said. Brier also pointed out the impact his teammates have on his own play. “Tennis is such an individual sport, and a lot is put on your own shoulders. But my teammates work really hard and help motivate me.” Brier asserts that much of his individual success and the success of the team are the result of

will also be a landmark game for Bruno, as Hunt, Alai Nuualiitia ’03 and James Augustine ’03 will be playing in their final regular season game. Hunt and Nuualiitia are the highest-scoring pair in school history. “I would like to keep playing basketball, but if not, I would consider going to medical school,” Nuualiitia said. “I should be invited to some basketball camps next year, and I could definitely play overseas,” Hunt said. “Outside of basketball, I am looking at the financial services industry.” The major difference between the weekend game

inside-out and write pejorative remarks about Princeton or write a math equation about how much Princeton sucks. Who knows, if you are lucky you may get to see a surprise piece of seafood flying through the stands. If all these logical reasons don’t entice you, I do have one word left in my bag of persuasion: Zamboni. Here’s my promise: if we fill Meehan Auditorium this weekend, I’ll take a plunge in the icy Providence River in the name of the Polar Bear Club or at least hijack the Zamboni and convert it into a kickin’ Brown Shuttle the next time it snows. Ian Cropp ’05 hails from Buffalo, N.Y. and has the reverse “Midas touch.”

The change in strategy allowed Brier to play more comfortably on the court and allowed him to focus on strengthening the mental side of his game. Harris’ strong relationship with the players. “Coach Harris is more of a player’s coach,” Brier said. “He played Division I tennis at a high level and can understand what you are going through as a player.” With the huge win against Wake Forest, Brown hopes to climb higher in the rankings with a strong showing at the Blue/Gray Tournament in Alabama, where six of the 16 teams competing will be top-25 schools. If the Bears continue to play well in March, they could enter April as the odds-on favorite to repeat being Ivy Champs and gain an at-large bid to the NCAA Tournament. For Brier in particular and the team as a whole, the Wake Forest win not only catapulted them into the top 40 but proved their long hours on the courts had helped. “Athletes put in so much time,” Brier said, “and it’s great when we have the opportunity to say the work pays off.” Assistant sports editor Maggie Haskins ’04 writes Athlete of the Week features. She can be reached at

against Harvard and the first time the two met this season — a 91-86 Bruno win — is that the Crimson will be without Patrick Harvey. Before being ruled academically ineligible, Harvey had been the team’s leading scorer and earned First Team All-Ivy honors last season. In the first game, Harvey scored a teamhigh 21 points. This was not the first time Harvey ran into trouble, as he was forced to sit out the 1999-2000 for academic reasons. Ironically enough, following his dismissal from the team, Harvey was named to the NABC Division I All-District Team, which honors the top studentathletes in the nation. “We are looking to become the first team other than Penn and Princeton since 1968 to go 12-2 in the league,” said Pat “Austin” Powers ’04, as he was labeled by Chris Berman ’77. “Earl and Alai, along with Mike (Martin ’04), are the heart and soul of the team, and you could not ask for anything more from two guys over a four-year period.” If the team does pull out the weekend sweep and Penn wins, they will be forced to wait over a week to hear if it will receive a NIT bid. The NIT announces its selections after the NCAA. Last season, both Princeton and Yale received berths. Executive sports editor Joshua Troy ’04 covers the men’s basketball team. He can be reached at



Bush’s revolutionary foreign policy Congress must debate the merits of our radical new approach to international conflict IN JUST THE PAST TWO YEARS, THE Bush occur.” Indeed, if one focuses on what might administration has introduced four revolutionary new concepts and goals for U.S. for- happen, the scenarios for threats prolifereign policy — preeminence, capabilities ate. As General Ralph Eberhart, who is in based planning, preemption and counter- charge of the miltary’s role in homeland proliferation. We have to judge whether security says of the possible threats: “the list these innovations, scarcely debated in the goes on and on. We can all envision the terU.S. Congress or the public, are both practi- rible things that might happen.” So military planning is based on what cal and morally justified. might happen, the capabilities The first new concept is that others have or might get, proclaiming that the articulatPROFESSOR NETA CRAWFORD not necessarily on what is more ed goal of U.S. strategy is or less likely, and what we know maintaining “preeminence.” GUEST COLUMN about the intentions of others. As the president said at West Worse, because the military Point, “America has, and intends to keep, military strengths beyond hasn’t really given up on threat-based planchallenge....” The point of preeminence is to ning we have — from the military’s perspecmaintain a world economic and political tive — the best of both worlds. We must order the United States feels comfortable meet the threats posed by certain adverwith, to support its expansive view of the saries, but we must also meet and exceed all American self. According to the potential military threats with capabilities Department of Defense, the “enduring of our own. So, for example, the United national interests” of the United States States has put enormous resources into its which are to be secured by force if necessary Space Command, preparing to wage war in include “contributing to economic well- space, despite the fact that it is alone in the being” which itself includes ensuring the capacity to fight in space. There is no power “vitality and productivity of the global econ- with the capability to fight war in space. The third innovation is the preemptive omy,” and “access to key markets and stratedoctrine. As the administration says, “the gic resources.” The second innovation is the shift from best defense is a good offense.” The United basing military planning on intentions and States will use conventional forces and, if likely threats to the “capabilities-based necessary, nuclear forces, to dispose of approach” where the United States attempts imminent threats. Preemption suppleto, “anticipate the capabilities that an adver- ments and replaces the older deterrence sary might employ” and “focuses more on and containment doctrines, which the how an adversary might fight than who the administration says are obsolete. Under adversary might be and where war might deterrence the United States threatened any potential attacker with devastating retaliation. Any smart would-be attacker would then refrain from attacking the United Neta Crawford ’85 is an associate proStates. It would just not be worth it. Under fessor at the Watson Institute for containment, the United States tried to keep International Relations.

potential aggressors in their respective spheres of interest. Clinton’s enlargement strategy was to increase the peace by peacefully enlarging the areas of democracy in the world. Perhaps under-appreciated about the socalled preemptive doctrine is that it is not only legitimate preemption — where a state acts in self-defense to preempt an immediate and certain assault — but a preventive offensive war doctrine. It is a policy of beating down potential allies before they can possibly challenge the balance of power. Why is the distinction between preemption and preventive offensive war important? Preemption is legitimate, legal and it can be prudent on the reasoning that to engage in preemption is to use force when you know an attack is imminent and the other has the capacity to do great harm if you don’t act right then. A preventive offensive war strategy is considered illegal, illegitimate, and imprudent because you start war to preserve a balance of power against a potential future adversary. They aren’t about to attack, they may not even have the means yet to attack, but a preventive war is begun to make sure they can’t pose a challenge in the future. The aim of preventive war doctrines is to maintain military advantage. You strike first because waiting means you might lose your military advantage. You aren’t sure the other is going to attack. They may not even yet be capable of doing so. But you strike first to make sure they never get the capacity to harm you. The problem with this of course, is that such a presumption of ill-intentions may be wrong and war may become a selffulfilling prophesy. It brings war that might not ever happen. It also makes everyone else nervous about your intentions and helps cre-

ate a world of greater instability. The fourth innovation, related to the preemptive war doctrine, which as I say is actually a preventive offensive war doctrine, is counter-proliferation. Iraq is the paradigm of the policy shift. The previous policy of nonproliferation was to work through law and treaty to limit the availability of nuclear weapons materials. The new policy, counterproliferation is the use of military force to eliminate the capacity of states to acquire WMD. Here the United States wants to keep weapons of mass destruction out of the hands of rogue states and terrorists. There are important differences between the counter-proliferation policy and the nonproliferation strategy that the United States has followed since the 1940s. Under nonproliferation, the U.S. non-violently offered incentives for others not to acquire weapons of mass destruction. The Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty put into effect in the 1970s was a voluntary regime where countries submitted to inspections demonstrating that their use of nuclear technology was peaceful. They were not to acquire nuclear weapons or help other states acquire that technology. The NPT was also premised on a commitment by the existing nuclear weapons states, under Article VI of the treaty, to reduce their own nuclear arsenals. Of course, unlike the non-proliferation regime, under the counter-proliferation strategy, the United States will use force to keep nuclear capacity from other states. The United States might even, according to the still classified Nuclear Posture Review of early last year, use nuclear weapons to do so. What we need now is a debate about the wisdom and morality of these policies. Congress has so far not critically engaged in a debate about these far reaching doctrinal changes.

A war on many fronts Ideologues on both sides of the aisle forfeit integrity for political gain MANY PEOPLE HAVE AN OPINION ON U.S. history suggests we should blindly the merits of a potential war with Iraq, and trust the president? Clinton won our trust few hesitate to tell others what they think. with Lewinsky, Bush the elder with tax This is a great testament to a free society. increases, Reagan with Iran-Contra, Carter Indeed, it is this vibrant debate that and Ford with promises to reduce “stagflaPresident Bush has said he would be tion” and Nixon, of course, with his natudefending by a war with Iraq. Yet the course rally trustful nature. None of this is to critithe debate has taken raises serious con- cize Bush. But democratic government is cerns about the nature of political dis- based upon earned trust, won through reason and experience, not course in this country. attributed trust, based upon Citizens in the United States DANIEL WIDOME title and prestige. It is not askare constitutionally obliged to GUEST COLUMN ing too much of our president be active, thinking, critical to make him earn our trust. participants in society. Apathy But why should he, when so and lethargy quite literally cannot sustain the U.S. system; this is both many are willing to forego rationality? Another popular argument for war is a luxury and a burden. The debate over an Iraqi war, however, has marked an assault based upon the graphic description of the on the active, thinking, critical participa- horrible conditions in which Iraqis live tion that has been a hallmark of U.S. politi- and the violent ways of Saddam Hussein. cal culture and is a requisite for its survival. Yet to be valid, an argument must be able Perhaps the most shocking argument in to accommodate rational disagreement. favor of war is founded upon a trust of gov- This “graphic description” argument, ernment, in general, and of President Bush however, does not meet this simple test. in particular. Surely the Bush administra- It doesn’t matter how vivid a picture is tion has incontrovertible evidence of the painted of the plight of Iraqis — no one, Iraqi threat, evidence that cannot be dis- regardless of their position on war, could closed so as to protect sources, the argu- rationally believe Saddam is a benign ment goes. So instead of asking for specific leader or Iraqi citizens are free, prosperreasons for war, this argument simply ous and happy. Furthermore, this “graphtrusts the president at his vague word, ic description” argument is shockingly because he is the president. But since when vague and imprecise. For every politically has trust been won by virtue of election? oppressed minority in Iraq, I can show Since when has trust been won by virtue of you another in Burma. For every title and not of reason? And what in recent grotesquely tortured dissident in Iraq, I can show you another in China. And for every unjustly deprived minority in Iraq, I can show you another here in the United Daniel Widome '03 is editor emeritus of States. This is not to minimize what the Brown Journal of World Affairs.

Saddam has done to his country and its citizens; he clearly is a murderous, egotistical, unpredictable autocrat. But Saddam does not hold a monopoly on that title. Every argument for war that relies on a graphic description of hardships in Iraq is not wrong per se, but it is intellectually irrelevant. Using hardship as an equally applied basis for war, the United States would never know peace. Yet somehow, today’s political climate nurtures and encourages such conceptually flimsy arguments and paints any opposing position as inhumane. This is a discouraging reflection of how the war debate has affected the nature of political discourse in the United States. Legitimate opposition and genuine debate is too often demonized as “unpatriotic.” But what does that word mean? More importantly, why should I abide by anyone’s definition of that word but my own? Many would have us believe “patriotism” is a love of state for the state’s sake. But I prefer a more expansive definition, by no means original to me, that “patriotism” is a love of the ideals upon which this country is founded, ideals such as freedom of religion and expression, active political participation, and a pursuit of equal opportunity. The founders of this country were keenly aware that government, as an abstract concept, was not always synonymous with these values. This acute skepticism of government can be found throughout the Constitution, from the separation of powers to federalism to the Bill of Rights. So why, then, should patriotism become the blind love of state at the expense of a criti-

cal love of ideals? This is just my view, and as befits the ideals in which I believe, I do not object to anyone’s disagreement with it. In today’s political climate, this simple acceptance of difference is being sacrificed on the altar of war. Though my general inclinations should be clear, I do not openly proclaim my position on an Iraqi war. The reason for this is quite simple. My position on a potential war with Iraq has no relationship with my “patriotism” or with the values I hold. This fact is a universal one—no one, whether they support war or not, professes a claim to their “patriotism” by stating an opinion on war. I disagree with those who hold protests throughout the world in opposition to war and to those who travel to Iraq to volunteer as “human shields.” But the same liberty these people exercise to carry out their actions is the same liberty exercised by those in favor of war, and it is the same liberty I exercise when I write this column. I do not hate them for what they say, but rather I respect them for saying it. And it is in that sense that I define my “patriotism.” There is a word that describes government-defined, state-centric patriotism. It describes an unthinking, uncritical trust of government and an exultation of state above all other principles. It describes a limited, subjective love of country enforced and regulated by a majority or an influential minority. And it describes a reflexive, intellectually hollow demonization of those who dare voice disagreement, painting such dissenters as “traitors” or worse. That word is fascism.




Diamonds and coal Coal to President Bush for pulling a “Joe Millionaire,” billing an essentially useless recap of past developments as a major primetime event. A diamond to BTV for giving us our “Sopranos” and “Sex and the City” fixes. Now can you get rid of those annoying wavy lines? Coal to the eerie echoes of McCarthyism around the nation and the campus. Don’t be so quick to denounce people as “un-American.” And coal to the Crossgates Mall in Guiderland, N.Y., for arresting peace apparel-sporting customers. Since when has expressing personal views through a $23 shirt been “disruptive?” A diamond to the navy seaman who discovered the world’s biggest Cheeto. Forget Cancun — this year we’re going to Alguna, Iowa, for spring break. Coal to Yale students, for crying over their Spring Fling bands, Wilco and the Nappy Roots, complaining in the Daily News, “While Brown University can pay to get the likes of Lisa Loeb, a 1990 Brown graduate, and The Wallflowers for their Spring Weekend, the Yale Spring Fling committee was unable to afford such big names.” We’ll take indie cred over mainstream hotness any day.



Coal to racist graffiti in campus bathrooms. Come now, that space is reserved for slandering people that rejected you.

Ultimate frisbee funds are hard-earned

Coal to the LGBTA for risking a Starf*ckless spring. Now where are we going to wear our vinyl bustiers and feather boas?

To the Editor:

A diamond to Harvard’s snow penis. Now it’s up to Brown to create the world’s largest snow-gina. Coal to Cornell for toying with the dreams of early-decision applicants. But a diamond … for always making us look better. A diamond to Oregon Trail. Will you ford the river or caulk the wagon? Now that’s a metaphor for life.

THE BROWN DAILY HERALD EDITORIAL Elena Lesley, Editor-in-Chief Brian Baskin, Executive Editor Zachary Frechette, Executive Editor Kerry Miller, Executive Editor Kavita Mishra, Senior Editor Stephanie Harris, Academic Watch Editor Carla Blumenkranz, Arts & Culture Editor Rachel Aviv, Asst. Arts & Culture Editor Julia Zuckerman, Campus Watch Editor Juliette Wallack, Metro Editor Adam Stella, Asst. Metro Editor

BUSINESS Jamie Wolosky, General Manager Joe Laganas, Executive Manager Midori Asaka, National Accounts Manager David Zehngut, National Accounts Manager Lawrence Hester, University Accounts Manager Bill Louis, University Accounts Manager Anastasia Ali, Local Accounts Manager Elias Roman, Local Accounts Manager Peter Schermerhorn, Local Accounts Manager Joshua Miller, Classified Accounts Manager Jack Carrere, Noncomm Accounts Manager Laurie-Ann Paliotti, Sr. Advertising Rep. Stephanie Lopes, Advertising Rep. Kate Sparaco, Office Manager

Jonathan Skolnick, Opinions Editor Joshua Skolnick, Opinions Editor Omonike Akimkuowo, Editorial Intern

PRODUCTION Ilena Frangista, Listings Editor Marc Debush, Copy Desk Chief Grace Farris, Graphics Editor Andrew Sheets, Graphics Editor Kimberly Insel, Photography Editor Brett Cohen, Systems Manager

P O S T- M A G A Z I N E Alex Carnevale, Editor-in-Chief Dan Poulson, Executive Editor Morgan Clendaniel, Senior Editor Theo Schell-Lambert, Senior Editor Doug Fretty, Film Editor Colin Hartnett, Design Editor SPORTS Joshua Troy, Executive Sports Editor Nick Gourevitch, Senior Sports Editor Jonathan Meachin, Senior Sports Editor Jermaine Matheson, Sports Editor Maggie Haskins, Sports Editor Alicia Mullin, Sports Editor

Stuart Murdoch, Night Editor Marc DeBush, George Haws, Jane Porter, Nora Yoo, Copy Editors Staff Writers Lotem Almog, Kathy Babcock, Zach Barter, Hannah Bascom, Carla Blumenkranz, Dylan Brown, Danielle Cerny, Philissa Cramer, Ian Cropp, Maria Di Mento, Bamboo Dong, Jonathan Ellis, Linda Evarts, Nicholas Foley, Dana Goldstein, Alan Gordon, Nick Gourevitch, Joanna Grossman, Stephanie Harris, Shara Hegde, Anna Henderson, Momoko Hirose, Akshay Krishnan, Brent Lang, Hanyen Lee, Jamay Liu, Allison Lombardo, Lisa Mandle, Jermaine Matheson, Jonathan Meachin, Monique Meneses, Alicia Mullin, Crystal Z.Y. Ng, Joanne Park, Sara Perkins, Melissa Perlman, Eric Perlmutter, Samantha Plesser, Cassie Ramirez, Lily Rayman-Read, Zoe Ripple, Ethan Ris, Amy Ruddle, Emir Senturk, Jen Sopchockchai, Adam Stella, Adam Stern, Stefan Talman, Chloe Thompson, Jonathon Thompson, Joshua Troy, Juliette Wallack, Jessica Weisberg, Ellen Wernecke, Ben Wiseman, Xiyun Yang, Brett Zarda, Julia Zuckerman Pagination Staff Joshua Gootzeit, Lisa Mandle, Alex Palmer, Nikki Reyes, Amy Ruddle Photo Staff Nick Mark, Alex Palmer, Jason White Copy Editors Mary Ann Bronson, Lanie Davis, Yafang Deng, Hanne Eisenfeld, George Haws, Amy Ruddle, Jane Porter, Janis Sethness, Nora Yoo

In the article titled “UFB exploring ways to spend surplus money” (March 5), the women’s ultimate Frisbee team was used as an example of monetary requests for which UFB would not allocate its surplus funds. As a member of this team and one of the representatives who presented our case at one of the UFB meetings, I must point this out as an unfortunate misunderstanding between the ultimate team, the UFB and the reporting staff at the Herald. The article made it seem as if the team requested $9,000 for a single tournament, when, in actuality, we were merely stating the amount of money that we collectively pay out of our own pockets for one of our tournaments. The women’s ultimate Frisbee team actively fundraises in a variety of ways (including group staffing at The Gate, alumnae newsletters and merchandise), but this is not enough to cover travel expenses for 20 people to tournaments held in California, North Carolina, Georgia and Texas. In presenting our case, we were not asking for funds to cover the cost of an entire tournament, but simply for any monetary help at all — the amount being entirely up to the judgment of the UFB — with the hopes that it would help alleviate the financial burden on the players who are part of this highly competitive and successful team. We hope that this clarifies the situation and remain grateful to UFB for its support of student groups. Shirley Wu ‘04 Co-Captain, Brown women’s ultimate

Brown basketball deserves support To the Editor:

game of the best season in years. It was also a chance to say goodbye to two of the best players in Brown history, Earl Hunt ’03 and Alai Nuualiitia ’03. The gym was certainly full Saturday night, but the students are the ones who bring the noise and the energy and give the team a true home court advanrage. This year’s team has been entertaining and generated more excitement than any team in recent memory — it deserved better Saturday night. Corey Diamond ’92 March 3

Antiwar activists must speak up To the Editor: In accordance with the opinion of both left and right political advocates of the Brown student community in “Lack of campus pro-war groups leaves debate one-sided” (March 6), it is not the responsibility of antiwar groups to discuss pro-war sentiments. I would like to emphasize that while open debate regarding the war is welcome to many who oppose the war, I feel that it is increasingly important that anti-war views be expressed on college campuses and beyond because not only is the pro-war outlook already represented by the current administration, as Joseph Lisska ’04 states, but it presently pervades the media and United States mass culture as well. In times of war, mainstream media in the United States presents a pro-war bias that manifests itself in an American public that is statistically-proven in support of military action. A widespread support of war is generally created through the sensationalism, sugar-coated images of military combat and misleading information that is rampant in wartime news coverage. This coverage is in fact largely controlled by the military itself and what it selectively releases to the National Media Pool. Because the pro-war perspective is dominant in the news coverage that pervades American culture, it is the opposing view that ought to be voiced by our small yet determined antiwar groups on campus, which will hopefully spawn new and louder voices with similar goals.

As a loyal Brown basketball supporter I was disheartened by the turnout of the students for the Princeton game Saturday night. I understand that after the loss to Penn, the game was a bit anticlimactic, but it was still for second place in the league and the final home

Ceara O’Leary ‘06 March 3

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Stern’s attractivness ratio How to reconcile physical appearance with self-perceived attractivenss THE WORLD IS FULL OF WACKINESS. SOME OF OUR CULTURE’S insanity manifests itself in our inability to properly perceive our own physical appearances. Some people are worse than others at maintaining a normal body image, but the fact remains that very few people have accurate self-perception. This discrepancy can lead to conflicts in the social realm, which is why I feel it is necessary to create the Stern Ratio for Balanced Attractiveness. My ratio is created under the following premise: All people have a real and measurable attractiveness and self-perceived attractiveness. Some may argue that physical beauty is subjective and therefore cannot be quantified. These people are just plain silly. While minor differences in opinion might occur, a massive survey of the American population would reveal ADAM STERN ADAM’S RIB some people are significantly more attractive, statistically, than others. The Stern Ratio for Balanced Attractiveness is simply Actual Attractiveness divided by Self-Perceived Attractiveness. Before reading on, it should be noted my analysis is from the heterosexual male perspective. In the past, some of my readers have gotten all huffy because I did not acknowledge the existence of other perspectives, so I would like to acknowledge them now, and then ignore them (because I am unable to intelligently write from those standpoints). The implications of my ratio can be insightful and predictive of how the person will act in social situations. For instance, someone with a very strong ratio score acts far less confidently than someone with a low score. In my time, which is not so extensive, I have known many women who have a very negatively distorted selfimage, which leads them to score well on the ratio. How many times have you heard a perfectly fit girl say that she is too fat and she needs to diet? Too many. These girls are actually much better looking than they give themselves credit for, and this discrepancy leads them to be insecure and shy. These traits allow for guys to step all over them without any protest. I believe the high ratio score is also a factor in the increasingly popular trend to develop eatingdisorders. Though as a guy it is tempting to pursue such girls, one must be wary of the dangers that lie within. On the other end of the spectrum are those girls who score very poorly on the ratio, with ratios far less than one. These girls are actually not very attractive but they think they are. This imbalance leads to one of the most interesting phenomenon in our culture today: the ugly girl who gets all the guys she wants. For some reason, our social success is very much dependent upon confidence, some might say more than actual attractiveness. Many times, girls lacking in looks, but exuding confidence, will nab very respectable guys just because they act like they can. The next obvious ratio to discuss are those random girls who score a one on the Stern Ratio test. These girls know exactly how attractive they are, and so they act accordingly. The behavior of this specimen depends largely on her attractiveness. Really hot girls who know that they are really hot are not keepers. Most times, they have too much attitude, and normal guys like you and me do not stand a chance. Even if we did have a chance, we probably would not want it because these girls are generally pretty full of themselves. Granted, they have a right to be — they are hot. But that does not mean we have to be subjected to their arrogance. A discussion of not-so-hot-girls who score a one on the ratio will be skipped because let’s face it, they act pretty normally. Many of you fellas out there may be wondering, what is the ideal ratio score for a girl? First, I would like to congratulate you on making it as far as you have through this ridiculous column. Now, I believe guys should seek out girls who are slightly hotter than they think they are. This way, if you nab a real looker, she only acts like she is sort of pretty. Thus, you come away with a great looking girl without the arrogance. Of course, because this lady friend of yours is only slightly more attractive than she thinks she is, she will not be suffering from the handicapping issues already discussed of girls who have extremely low confidence. Girls who are hot, but are not quite sure of it, are hard to find. So if you have one, know that she is a keeper. For those of you who cannot seem to secure one of these girls, there’s always the Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Edition.

Though his ratio has never been tested on the male gender, Adam Stern ’06 would have a ratio score that is off the charts.

Affirmative action redux Schulman takes on his critics in the diversity debate MY LAST PIECE ON AFFIRMATIVE ACTION plain fact that college campuses are some of the seemed to garner a good deal of response; The most racially Balkanized settings in America despite Herald saw fit to run an entire page of letters, all but years of AA, one wonders why black parents should one of them derogatory, in addition to its regular appreciate “progressive” administrators who expect op-ed section last Friday. Perusing the correspon- less ability from their children than from others, simdence, I feel some sacred cows remain to be slaugh- ply so said children can provide said administrators’ brochures with black faces. The left is wont to cry tered. I submit: 1. Affirmative action regimes were designed to “tokenism!” at a Colin Powell or Clarence Thomas. provide blacks, and later Hispanics, a back-door Well why not here? The diversity argument pushes the destructive idea that one’s skin color entry system whereby applicants are let is perhaps the most intimate and imporin despite being officially underqualitant aspect of one’s identity, which we fied. I’m sorry, this is simply not denimust jettison if a racially progressive able. The idea that AA is some vague America is every to truly be found. policy designed to help every minority 3. White guilt is illiberal, morally ever oppressed by whites, as students incorrect and detrimental to blacks. A heartily tried to inform me, is a wishful Web post under one of the letters read, fiction. Supporters of racial preference “Until we as white Americans are able to would do well to stop the outright evaface up to our collective responsibility sion that has persisted in this debate for for our historic racist policies and prac30 years. Even the stridently pro-AA ALEX SCHULMAN BORN TO RUN tices, we should shut up about sometome “The Shape of the River” by thing as paltry as AA.” In other words, I’m William Bowen and Derek Bok admits guilty, racial preference helps me that if current AA regimes were dismanassuage that guilt, so leave me alone. At tled, the number of blacks would fall considerably in selective institutions, and whites and what cost are the confused egos of white liberals to Asians would benefit as a result. The notion that AA be stroked? As long as a black child grows up in a helps or has ever significantly helped ethnic groups country that informs him his scoring in the tenth percentile of grades and test scores is equivalent to aside from blacks and Hispanics is nonsense. 2. Diversity is not a good in and of itself. Yes, we all his white or Asian neighbor scoring in the eightieth, have specific life experiences others can learn from, he is a second-class citizen by fiat. The policy plansome of which are undoubtedly tied to ethnicity. But ners behind this may mean well, but you know what the standard AA canard — we cannot end the policy is said about good intentions. When one insists that because then a beloved “diversity” would collapse — “they” (however many groups fill that tent) cannot has to stop. Diversity is not worth institutionally overcome obstacles that others have without “our” legitimized underachievement. Even ignoring the benevolent guidance, white guilt and white racism are becoming uncomfortably and tragically blurred. Alex Schulman ’03 is innocent until proven guilty.

Learning toilet ideology All I needed to know about debate at Brown, I learned on the John of one racist statement, rather than argue like IN THE SPIRIT OF THE JOLT THREADS AND OF free speech, I’d like to share a “conversation thread” adults in order to gain a better understanding of that’s been posted on a stall in Wilson and that I’ve the truth? I am sure that some “liberals” are reading this been reading diligently since September. Here goes (I have, of course, not bothered to repeat those bits article, feeling very smug and self-righteous. “Those I don’t think contribute to the trenchant and bril- evil right-wing fascists!” Oh, shut up. If I’m sad, I’m sad because of right-wing attitudes. If I’m mad, I’m liant arguments espoused within): — “What would the world be like if we woke up, mad at the liberals who’ve created an atmosphere such that conservatives can’t debate their views for and the Pentagon had disappeared?” — “Maybe the next day, we would obliterate your fear of getting shouted down — and thus are driven towel-head country — oh, wait, that’s what we’re to this extreme fascism. Somehow I can’t think of a doing now. Get ready for the nukes, you unappre- single well-advertised pro-war speaker that’s been invited to come here; it’s hard to argue ciative parasite.” that liberals encourage debate and free — “The only bombs we should drop BRIAN CORCORAN speech with this in mind. Or are liberare those in the toilet.” GUEST COLUMNIST als afraid of debate, too, and want only — “Nice to see college has opened so a comfy panel or forum? many minds.” Mind you, I do not, repeat not, sup— “President Bush is retarded.” — And the newest addition, my personal port the war and will argue with anyone who does favorite: “All u liberal pussies must wake up and ad nauseam. But why should an intelligent liberal smell the coffee. Americans are dying we must take student resort to the mantra quoted above: action. Towers are gone already we must strike, not “President Bush is a retard”? That’s something fun sit on our hands like these liberal few pussies who you say to your friends to get a little scared over our would rather save a raghead than their own mother. future; it’s not a valid argument, and I suggest here Don’t be scerred … we don’t want fags fighting any- that some of Bush’s stubbornness on the war issue is mindless reaction to such mindless hostilities. way.” First, let me say I’m proud to be a Brown student Liberals have helped create Bush’s extremism. after reading this truly insightful debate. That door Congrats. I’m a confirmed liberal saying this: the is a primer for anyone who wants to learn racist ide- state of liberal thought at Brown is appalling and ologies — but then again, I guess these people only hypocritical. If you don’t come here to be open-minded feel safe behind a closed stall door… Should I be sad or angry now? I’m sad the sup- (which means actively — not obstructively — lisposed future leaders of America are so blind that tening to those you disagree with, by the way) and they can’t actually have an intelligent debate and to pursue (not expound one version of) truth, there put gut feelings aside for a second. I’ve always are the gates. Walk right out. We don’t want your thought that truth could hold its own ground mindless ideologies here, whether right or left. As against pointed debate – outside of the unassail- the situation stands, Brown is producing worthless able stall. But am I only to be sad that these intel- politicians, second-class citizens. We should be putligent people are retreating to childish repetitions ting out statesmen. And in this war of words we are currently fighting, remember this: “The only bombs we should Brian Corcoran ‘06 reads his coursework too, when drop are those in the toilet.” he can spare the time.



W. bball and lacrosse, men’s icers at home

Learn to love the Zamboni

Head Coach Glen Miller. “But if a second team goes (to the postseason) from out league, I would hope it would be us.” On Friday, Bruno will look to continue the trend of sweeps that has run rampant across the Ivy League by besting the Big Green. So far this season, every series has resulted in one team being swept by or sweeping the other. If this holds true, it would be the first time in league history that such a feat would occur. In their first matchup in Providence, the Bears pulled out a 61-53 win. Though Brown will likely be a double-digit favorite following wins in 12 of its last 14 games and its dismantling of Princeton on Saturday, the game will be significant because of its record-setting potential. With seven points, Earl Hunt ’03 will reach the 2,000-point plateau and become the

AS THE WEATHER WARMS UP SLOWER than the United States mobilizes for war, it may not have dawned upon you, but winter will soon come to a close. Although I can’t say I’m not looking forward to wearing shorts again, I’m still holding on to winter for as long as I can, and, while you may think I’m crazy, I’ll suggest that you do the same. Winter is a season that provides endless excitement — I’m sure everyone has seen IAN CROPP at least a dozen CROPPS & ROBBERS people slip and fall on the ice, has enjoyed the artistic license students took on the new sculpture on the Main Green or has thrown a rogue snowball into a group of people. (Hey, I know what you are thinking, but it wasn’t me. I got hit by one too — I swear.) But there are other joys of winter, some of which are about as popular as Saddam Hussein in his recent elections. So fret not — there is still time. Even as the ice melts, what better way to say bon voyage to winter than forming the Brown Polar Bear Club? Of all the activities we have at Brown, how has this slipped off the radar? Rumor has it there was once a Polar Bear Club, but the club’s membership shrunk significantly after they decided to use it as a pre-game activity for the naked party. Another winter activity that may or may not still exist at Brown is the Curling Club. For those who aren’t familiar with the sport, it’s basically shuffleboard on ice. It may not be the most interesting sport, but it does take a lot of skill, and when else will you be able to sling rocks without having to ask Marion Barry for advice? Apparently, the club folded after Buddy Cianci refused to grant it a license on the grounds that he wasn’t a member. So maybe all the things I’ve mentioned thus far haven’t been feasible or appealing to the majority of the Brown community, but there is still one bright spot left to winter that I’ve yet to mention. Regardless of the erratic New England weather, the ice will remain frozen at Meehan Auditorium, hopefully for a few weeks, so we can continue to watch the nation’s only skating band, test out a new venue for streaking — oh, and watch some hockey. Truth be told, both of Brown’s hockey teams are good. The women’s team made it all the way to the national championship last year and has several current players and alumnae on the Olympic team. Unfortunately, they aren’t playing a home game this weekend. The men’s team, on the other hand, finished fifth in the ECAC and will be hosting Princeton this weekend. Only three weekends ago they tied the number two team in the nation, and over winter break they gave the number one team a run for its money. They have Yann Danis ’04, one of the best goalies in the nation, along with a bunch of other professional prospects. There is no reason why you shouldn’t come to see them play this weekend. Hockey is a rough sport, and some people may be opposed to violence, but how many times will you be able to see a Brown student beat up a Princeton student and not get in trouble? As it has happened before, the violence may run a little rampant, and a fight may break out, but I can

see M. BALLERS, page 8

see CROPP, page 8


This weekend should once again be a busy one for Brown sports fans, as teams start new seasons, wrap up regular seasons and begin the playoffs. Women’s basketball is mathematically eliminated from NCAA consideration, but its turnaround season from last year makes for a telling story. “The Brown sports poll predicted us to be last again this year,” said center Holly Robertson ’05. “We are very pleased to be where we are.” Robertson attributes the team’s recent success to a change of both personnel and attitude. “It’s been a much better team effort this year,” Robertson said. “The team chemistry is a lot better — the negativity is gone — it’s been a much better experience. The freshmen coming in have done a lot for us.” The women’s team hopes to finish its successful season with wins against Dartmouth and Harvard at the Pizzitola Sports Center this weekend. Fans are encouraged to attend the games in an effort to try and break the women’s basketball attendance record in honor of Women in Sports Month. Women’s ice hockey ships out to Appleton Arena in Canton, N.Y. to take on St. Lawrence University in the opening round of the 2003 ECAC tournament in a best-of-three series match-up. The icers have not dropped a game to St. Lawrence since November 2001, and they have high ambitions. Last year the team went all the way to the Frozen Four, and they expect to go even farther this year. The teams will play games on Friday and Saturday and on Sunday as well, if necessary. The fifth-seeded men’s ice hockey team will take on 12th-seeded Princeton at Meehan Auditorium this weekend in its first round of the ECAC playoff tournament. Brown missed a first-round bye by just a few points and will now need to beat the last-place Tigers in order to advance and take on Yale in New Haven, Conn. the following weekend.

Ben Brier ’04 gave Brown men’s tennis its biggest upset ever.


Brier ’04 comes through in the clutch for BY MAGGIE HASKINS

With the score tied 3-3 between Brown and No. 17 Wake Forest, one match remained to decide the winner. Tied at one set, the match between Brown’s Ben Brier ’04 and Wake Forest’s Brett Ross would be the deciding factor. Down a break, 3-4, Brier staged a furious comeback, winning the set 6-4 to give Brown the biggest upset in the history of its men’s tennis program and earn him the title of Athlete of the Week. Currently ranked 37th in the nation, according to the Intercollegiate Tennis Association, Brown was ranked 54th coming into the showdown with Wake Forest. The Bears were not in awe of their opponents — rather, they saw the match as an opportunity to move

toward their goals for the year. “We put into effect two goals this season,” Head Coach Jay Harris said. “The first was repeating as Ivy Champions, and the second was to be ranked in the top 25 in the nation.” “We marked off this match on our calendar from the beginning,” Brier said. “The win was confirmation that we are a legitimate team.” While the Bears were confident in their ability to defeat Wake Forest, they did not realize the match’s fate would rest in just one player’s hands. Harris and Brier both agreed the day witnessed tremendous efforts from the entire Brown team, but no one could see BRIER, page 8

see PREVIEW, page 8



Women’s basketball vs. Dartmouth. Pizzitola Sports Center, 7 p.m.

Men’s ice hockey vs. Princeton, Meehan Auditorium, 7 p.m.

Men’s ice hockey vs. Princeton. Meehan Auditorium, 7 p.m.

Women’s basketball vs. Harvard Pizzitola Sports Center, 7 p.m.

Men’s basketball at Dartmouth.

Men’s basketball at Harvard.

Women’s ice hockey at St. Lawrence. (through Sunday)

Baseball at Charleston Southern tournament (though Sunday)

Softball at the College of Charleston Tournament.

Fencing at Regional Championship in New York

Men’s swimming at EISL Championships in Long Island, N.Y. (through Saturday)

Women’s water polo vs. Harvard at Connecticut College in New London, Conn.

Men’s indoor track at ECAC/IC4A Championships in Boston

Gymnastics vs. Rutgers, Michigan and Yale in New Brunswick, NJ.

Women’s indoor track indoor track at ECAC/IC4A Championships in Boston

Women’s tennis vs. Old Dominion in Norfolk, Va.

Skiing at the USCSA National Championships in Truckee, Calif. (through Saturday)

Men’s ice hockey vs. Princeton, Meehan Auditorium, 7 p.m.

Wrestling at the EIWA Championships in Ithaca, N.Y. (through Sunday)

Women’s lacrosse vs. Notre Dame Warner Roof,1 p.m.


Women’s tennis vs. Richmond at Richmond, Va.

M. hoops heads to Dartmouth, Harvard with postseason possible BY JOSHUA TROY

Though this weekend brings with it the final two games of the regular season for the Brown men’s basketball team (15-11, 10-2), everyone hopes the team will survive to play at least one more game. If the rumor floating around the Pizzitola Sports Center is true, the extended season would take the form of a berth in the National Invitation Tournament. Although the team still has a chance at winning the Ivy League and an NCAA Tournament berth if Penn stumbles and loses two of its remaining three games against Cornell, Columbia and Princeton, the former seems the more likely scenario. The team could earn only its second postseason appearance ever with victories in this weekend’s games, on the road at Dartmouth (12-13, 4-8) on Friday and at Harvard (8-17, 4-8) on Saturday. “We have two tough games coming up and have a lot of work to do,” said

Friday, March 7, 2003  

The March 7, 2003 issue of the Brown Daily Herald