M O N D A Y SEPTEMBER 30, 2002
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD Volume CXXXVII, No. 81
An independent newspaper serving the Brown community since 1891
Global Crossing chief gave at least $149K to Brown BY JULIETTE WALLACK
Kimberly Insel / Herald
Alumni and students convened on Saturday for “A Day of the Arts at Brown,” a series of readings, films, art exhibitions and performances that shined a spotlight on the artistic achievements of Brown alumni.
Bringing home the arts BY JESSICA WEISBERG
While screaming fans were losing their voices at the Brown-Harvard football game Saturday, a quieter homecoming celebration was taking place in the List Art building. Alumni and students convened for the first annual “A Day of the Arts at Brown,” an event highlighting the artistic achievements of Brown alumni. “Alumni in the arts have not been successfully reached by the University,” said Lecturer in Theater, Speech and Dance Julie Strandberg, a member of the Creative Arts Council, which sponsored the event with Alumni Relations as an attempt to build the relationship between artistic alumni and their alma mater. “There’s an athletic alumni group, but there’s no such organization to support artists as a body,” Strandberg said. The day of readings, films, art exhibitions and performances began with a panel discussion, facilitated by Strandberg, in which five distinguished alumni spoke about career choices in the creative arts and Brown’s contribution to their lives. “Brown is the type of place where you have to find your own way and follow your instincts,” said Paul Heck ’89, creator of the AIDS Music Project, a series of
records that raised money and awareness to fight the global epidemic. Edisa Weeks ’87, artistic director of ENWRAPTURE, a New York City-based dance company that merges dance and theatrics to express the beauty and irony of life, agreed. “The University gave me the opportunity to find and defend who I am as an individual,” she said. Other panelists discussed unconventional turns in their career paths. Dorsey James ’83, General Manager of Family Tree/Mosaic Media and previously the Senior Vice President of Arista Records, Inc., said he was an electrical engineering concentrator who stumbled into the music business “after playing poker with some guys in the industry.” Maria Daniels ’89 said she received her first job as an archeological photographer in Athens by broaching an idea “completely grounded in fantasy” to a project coordinator. Panelists focused on the negative impact of entertainment conglomerates, especially in the music industry. James said the digital availability of music created managerial problems in companies that are “notoriously poorly managed, almost as much so as law firms.” The “ma and pop” labels were aban-
doned, he said, because with limited revenues, large record companies are more likely to endorse superstar artists rather than risk limited funds on smaller entities and new bands. Heck agreed. “When the music industry was run by obsessive people with good taste it gave rare, interesting groups a chance to get out there,” he said. Now, he said, “Africa (is) not far enough (away from U.S. pop culture) to avoid Maria Carey and Eminem.” “‘World Music,’” Heck said, “is solely an American term. For everyone else in the world it’s just music.” Despite these concerns, Zachary Morfogen ’50 said he is working on two cross-cultural projects sponsored by large media companies, “Pandemic — Facing Aids,” and “Unchanged Memories: Readings from the Slave Narratives.” As the founder of Morfogen Associates, an international consulting firm for cultural institutions, Morfogen described himself as an artistic “matchmaker.” Heck said he believes his projects exist “on the benevolent margin,” sup-
A non-profit organization established by the CEO of bankrupt and embattled Global Crossing, Ltd. and his wife, a Brown trustee, gave the University at least $108,000 in 2000. University officials declined to comment on the full extent of the couple’s support. The organization, the Gary and Karen Winnick Family Foundation, also gave a total of $40,000 to Brown-RISD Hillel in 1998 and 2000, the most recent years for which The Herald could obtain financial documents. In 1998, the foundation also gave a $1,000 cash donation to Brown Football. Now, two years after those donations and three years into Karen Winnick’s sixyear term as a University trustee, Global Crossing and Gary Winnick are wrapped up in a Securities and Exchange Commission investigation into the company’s accounting practices and alleged defrauding of shareholders and employees. Gary Winnick is expected to take the Fifth Amendment this week when he testifies before the House Energy and Commerce Committee, Time magazine reported Sunday. Records show that he see WINNICK, page 6
Consider the merits of ethical lives, author Bell tells students BY AMY RUDDLE
Derrick Bell, author and professor of law at New York University, asked Brown students to consider the merits of living ethical lives during a panel discussion Saturday that examined the dilemmas faced by upwardly mobile people in the modern age. The event, entitled “Ethical Ambition: Living a Life of Meaning and Worth,” consisted of a brief lecture by Bell in Salomon 101, followed by questions from other panelists and the audience. The dilemma Bell presented to the audience was how to achieve societal standards of success while maintaining personal values. Bell said his new book, for which the event was named, “is more inspirational than instructional,” and shows people how to “maintain their integrity while striving for success.” To reconcile ethics with achievement, people should have a passion for what
see ARTS, page 12 see BELL, page 12
I N S I D E M O N D AY, S E P T E M B E R 3 0 , 2 0 0 2 Molly Lambert ’05 will debut original play at this year’s New York festival page 3
Providence mayoral candidates hammer out the issues in Friday afternoon debate page 5
Professor of Physics John Marston brings environmental leadership to Sierra Club page 7
TO D AY ’ S F O R E C A S T Rohan Monga ’06 details the life and times of a varsity athlete at Brown guest column,page 15
Football falls to Harvard on Saturday, falls to 0-1 in the Ivy League sports,page 16
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CALENDAR LECTURE — “The Failed State? Latin American Governments and Social Well-Being,” Miguel Centeno, Princeton University. Chancellor’s Dining Room, Sharpe Refectory, noon OPEN OFFICE HOURS — with President Ruth Simmons. Office of the President, 4 p.m. WORKSHOP — “Stochastic Games with Imperfect Monitoring Paper; Companion Paper,” Dinah Rosenberg. Room 301, Robinson Hall, 4 p.m. COLLOQUIUM — “Methodological Issues in Neuroimagins Studies of Skilled Reading and Reading Disability: Establishing Brain/Behavior Links,” Ken Pugh, Yale University. Room 129, Metcalf Research, 4 p.m.
Penguiener Haan Lee
COLLOQUIUM — “Cold Glasses and Their Mysteries,” Christian Enss, Brown. Room 168, Barus & Holley, 4:30 p.m. LECTURE — “Conflict and Reconciliation in the Ancient Near East: The Clash of Egyptians and Hittites in Syria and the World’s First International Peace Treaty,” Lanny Bell, Brown. Room 106, Smith-Buonanno Hall, 7:30 p.m.
CROSSWORD ACROSS 1 Easy money 9 Secret symbols 15 Desert 16 Frank Robinson, once 17 Reagan-era scandal 18 Tangled, as hair 19 Hatcher et al. 20 Harnesses 22 Where to find collars and stays 23 “She’s So High” singer Bachman 24 Flags at the finish 25 Series starter? 26 Bibliographer’s term 29 Rail fixture: Abbr. 30 By and by 31 Zingers 33 It’s typically 80% submerged 35 Decline to sign 36 Contemporary of Rex and Ngaio 37 “The Emperor Jones” star 40 It can help if you turn over 44 “That’s __ haven’t heard” 45 Hair ornament 47 Strauss opera 48 Chrysler Building architect William Van __ 49 Author Ambler and others 51 Rhythmic genre 52 Excellent, in slang 53 Put away 54 Campus letter 56 Drink made with curaçao 58 Trojan War hero 60 Requite 61 Get something to go 62 Anise-flavored liqueur
63 Address on an envelope DOWN 1 Waste slowly, with “away” 2 Gilded 3 Warn, in a way 4 R&B singer Braxton 5 Annoys 6 Tony winner Hagen 7 Literally, “baked” 8 Works with one’s hands 9 Stumbles upon 10 Bank offerings 11 Site of many a deal 12 Direct link 13 “The Lion in Winter” queen 14 NHL player 21 Specialty 24 Boiling 25 Communications nickname 27 Hippie happening 28 Furies
32 State on the Gulf of California 34 Judy’s ‘’Bells Are Ringing’’ role 37 Guide 38 Furloughed 39 More muscular 41 Speech problem? 42 Not pro 43 Meals
46 What “we have lost in knowledge”: Eliot 50 Insect trill 53 Pudding starch 54 Capone’s nemeses 55 It’s driven 57 “The Conspiracy Zone” channel 59 Seraglio section
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ARTS & CULTURE MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 30, 2002 · PAGE 3
Lambert ’05 will debut play at 2002 New York festival BY JOANNE PARK
After months of anticipation, Molly Lambert ’05 is close to realizing a dream. She will debut her play “An Ice Cream Man for All Seasons,” in New York at the 2002 Young Playwrights Festival, which features plays written exclusively by teen playwrights. Lambert’s play is a comedy based on a chance encounter between two men who find themselves arguing the respective merits of ice cream and hot dogs on a wintry day in Central Park, she said. She wrote it when she was a 16-yearold high school senior and submitted it to the festival after she viewed a promotional poster at her school. In the fall of last year, she received news that her play was among the three chosen out of nearly 1,100 plays submitted for review for the festival. Since then, she has been immersed in revising and preparing her play with Director Jeremy Dobrish, who has directed “Duet!” and “Notions in Motion.” This is not the first time she has received acclaim for her work. In high school she presented her plays “Absolutely” and “Superzeroes” at the nationwide Blank Theatre Company Young Playwrights Festival in 2000 and 2001. She also wrote plays for the California Young Playwrights Festival.
Despite her vast experience with playwriting, Lambert said she is enthused about her current work. “It’s fantastic,” she said. Lambert said although the commute between Providence and New York can be tedious, she is looking forward to the opening of her play. “It feels great to know that your writing is just as valid and that you don’t have to be middle-aged to accomplish anything,” Lambert said. Previous winners at the upcoming festival include 2002 Academy Award and Golden Globe nominee Kenneth Lonergan, who directed and wrote the screenplay for the film “You Can Count on Me,” and 2002 Pulitzer Prize for Drama finalist Rebecca Gilman. Lambert recalls her meeting with 1988 Pulitzer Prize for Drama Winner and Brown alum Alfred Uhry ’58, who is the president of the Young Playwrights Incorporation, which is hosting the festival. “I met him last year, and I was psyched,” said Lambert. Uhry has won acclaim for his plays “Driving Miss Daisy” and “The Last Night of Ballyhoo.” The Young Playwrights Incorporation was founded by Stephen Sondheim, a Broadway composer. Sondheim was motivated by his curiosity as to “where the next genera-
This is not the first time Lambert has received acclaim for her work. In high school she presented her plays “Absolutely” and “Superzeroes” at the nationwide Blank Theatre Company Young Playwrights Festival. She also wrote plays for the California Young Playwrights Festival. Despite her vast experience with playwriting, Lambert said she is enthused about her current work. “It’s fantastic,” she said. tion of playwrights was supposed to come from,” said Ruth McKee, a literary manager at the Young Playwrights Incorporation. Lambert will attend the festival Sondheim started hosting in 1981. All submitters must be under 18. “The festival gives the best, first professional production experience for these young writers,” McKee said. “Teens do not realize that playwriting is an accessible form of writing for young people.” Lambert’s involvement marks the second year in which a Brown student has been included in the festival. Jeb
Havens ’03 presented his play “Conference Time” last year. Lambert, who is considering concentrating in modern culture and media, said she plans to direct a new film with members of the Winebox Theatre called, “Cowboys and Indie Kids,” adapted from a script she wrote. Lambert said her work in theatre and playwriting is rewarding. “It’s good when you’re doing something you love.” The festival will take place at the Cherry Lane Theatre in Manhattan, N.Y. The performances are scheduled to run from Sept. 27 through Oct. 26.
PAGE 4 THE BROWN DAILY HERALD MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 30, 2002
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD
CAMPUS NEWS MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 30, 2002 · PAGE 5
Mayoral hopefuls debate education, housing The debate was organized as part of the third annual Thomas J. Anton / Frederick Lippitt Conference, titled “The Future of Providence.” BY HANNAH BASCOM
The four top candidates for mayor of Providence debated affordable housing, improved policing and education Friday in Sayles Hall. The debate was part of the third annual Thomas J. Anton/Frederick Lippitt Conference, titled “The Future of Providence.” The four candidates — Green Party candidate Greg Gerritt, independent Christopher Young, Democrat David Cicilline and Republican Dave Talan were moderated by Marion Orr, associate professor of political science, urban studies and public policy. Following opening statements, Orr asked the candidates audience-generated questions on topics including violent crime prevention, the construction of affordable housing, education and the arts, improvement of the police department and how to improve minority satisfaction in the city. For the candidates, the question of violence and education were closely related. Gerritt proposed a counseling system for children who grow up in violent families, and a plan that would give released convicts job training, counseling and rehabilitation. Talan also said improving education was crucial and favored non-violence education and community policing. Cicilline proposed a program that would create an after-school program with counseling, an English as a Second Language program with classes that parents and children could take together and a preventative program that included local and state police. Good law enforcement and reduction of firearm availability is also important, Cicilline said. All candidates said public schools should be personalized and better funded, and each proposed specific programs for improvement. Young said the best way to fund education is by taxing Brown University and other colleges in Providence. Cicilline said the Community School system, developed in the Midwest, would be helpful because it provides an advising system, creates smaller learning communities and engages parents. Talan said he supports a school voucher system that would give $3,000 towards any school and relieve overcrowding
in schools. Gerritt said he wants to put schools in neighborhoods, involve parents and organize the community better. Gerritt was the only candidate who said that artists should not receive government subsidies and loft space, and that improvement of the community would be a sufficient help to them. “They can — if they’re good enough — make a living,” Gerritt said. “We don’t need to do anything.” Orr asked several questions about the Providence Police Department and filling the chief’s position permanently. All the candidates agreed that PPD needed a review board to solve and prevent problems but their opinions differed on how to fill the chief position. Gerritt said the city should conduct a national search to find a chief from outside Rhode Island. “The culture of the police department has been innappropriate for a long time,” Gerritt said. “We need to shake them up.” Candidates also faced off on the issue of affordable housing. Talan and Young said they favor more oncampus housing in universities, so apartments and housing would be free and affordable for families. Gerritt said the city should use all available space for new housing units. “We can be innovative … build houses out of tires,” he said. On the issue of minority opportunity, the candidates agreed that communities need to be revitalized and unified. Cicillini said he will try to make Providence citizens “understand that we have a responsibility to reach out to other members of the community.” Talan said he opposes bilingual education. “Bilingual education is a scam — many children never learn to speak English,” he said. In their closing statements, the candidates summarized their positions and hopes for the coming mayoral term. Talan again stressed education, saying “Public, private, parochial — whatever it takes for children to get a good education.” Cicilline called for a change in Providence government, where “People are promoted on what they know and what they have done rather than who they know.” Gerritt stressed new ideas on housing, crime prevention and an economy not based on fossil fuel. He also promoted community involvement. “Unless people get out in the streets, the powerful people will continue to control government,” he said. The conference also featured a Keynote Address by Thomas J. Anton on Thursday night and a panel discussion on “Where Cities Should Go in the Future” that preceded the mayoral debate.
Brown, Ivy League shun NSSE satisfaction survey BY ROHAN MONGA
The National Survey of Student Engagement is a survey that obtains information on student satisfaction from over 600 colleges and universities nationwide, but Brown and the rest of the Ivy League have never participated in it. The survey gathers data for institutional research and allows universities to gauge student satisfaction. “The NSSE provides customized reports for each university involved in the survey,” said NSSE Assistant Director John Hayek. “In addition, we also compile information from schools similar to the university in question for comparative analysis. This information from peer schools allows the university to benchmark itself against others,” he said. More recently, some colleges and universities have used NSSE data to improve student life offerings and entice more students to matriculate. “We are now seeing schemes where schools are starting to use the NSSE more practically, basically in the admissions and recruiting process. This gives prospective students an idea of the various dynamics of each institution,” Hayek said. He said the NSSE is particularly useful because it complements universities’ informally gathered student data with more comprehensive analysis. Brown administrators said they don’t participate in
NSSE because they use bi-annual senior surveys to gauge student opinion instead. “We have been using the Survey of Seniors for a very long time, and the prospect of the NSSE is not very appealing,” said Katherine Lewis, director of the Office of Institutional Research. “It is hard to make a case for it and switch from something in use for so long,” she said. Brown’s survey, much like the NSSE, evaluates health services, financial aid, career services, the registrar’s office, computing and the library, according to the OIR Web site. It asks “quality of life” questions relating to housing, safety and social life in addition to students’ satisfaction with program requirements, course offerings, inclusion in the intellectual community, advising and teaching opportunities. The University will distribute the surveys amongst seniors this spring. “Apart from the senior survey, Brown does lend itself to many national organizations which publish statistics and reports assessing the university,” said Mark Nickel of the Brown News Service. But Hayek said NSSE invites all schools, including the Ivy League, to get involved in its survey. “It is a voluntary decision on the part of the institution whether or not to register,” he said. “Every Ivy League school has been asked to participate and had so far decided against it.”
Urban progress must balance city, non-city interests, panelists conclude Guest panelists debated the roles city residents and non-city residents play in urban areas at a Friday panel discussion in Sayles Hall, part of the ‘Future of Providence’ conference that also featured a mayoral debate and a speech by Baltimore Mayor Martin J. O’Malley BY XIYUN YANG
Three guest panelists offered different opinions on the roles city residents and non-city residents play in urban areas during a Friday panel discussion in Sayles Hall entitled “Where Cities Should Go In The Future.” Speakers stressed that cities must attract investments from outsiders while still looking inward to better the conditions of city dwellers. Wilbur Rich, professor of political science at Wellesley College, said that with the transformation to a global economy, industries in U.S. cities must compete with cheaper, foreign competitors. The once vibrant mantra of “Made In the USA” has lost its luster, Rich said. To combat the effects of globalization, mayors must be enthusiastic about their cities and become polished salesmen. “Buddy Cianci is a good model,” Rich said. Cities need to shake the old appeals of territoriality and find ways to lace the attractiveness of a certain community with new ideas. Cities must either “adapt or perish,” Rich said. Susan Fainstein, professor of urban planning at Columbia’s Graduate School of Architecture Planning and Preservation, also stressed that non-residents are integral to a city’s economy. People who bring outside investments and contributions have more power in a city than that city’s residents, and can further racial, economic and social equalities, she said. But outside investments don’t automatically flow into cities. The construction of a city’s infrastructure is vital to attracting outside investments. Attempts at downtown construction are usually inadequate and built to satisfy the “ambitions of mayors,” she said. Panelists also emphasized the importance of education in relation to cities’ improvement projects. “Education (is an) investment in the same way as Lord and Taylor is an investment” for securing an available work force, Fainstein said. James Jennings, professor of urban and environmental policy and planning at Tufts University, agreed with Fainstein on the importance of education, but said the solidification of communities, financially or otherwise, from the bottom up, is also important. Jennings said residents are the basis for bringing about economic revitalization. Describing the Demonstration Disposition Program, which helped rehabilitate 1,900 housing units in Boston, Jennings said housing and economic development are inextricably connected. In economically revitalizing neighborhoods, “residents have to be involved in where cities are going,” Jennings said. Audience members said they felt the fissure between the three panelists’ arguments about city residents versus non-residents was engaging. Paul Lewis GS reduced Rich and Fainstein’s arguments into “city prostitution, how well can you sell yourself?” The panel was part of the conference “The Future of Providence,” which also included a keynote address by Mayor Martin J. O’Malley of Baltimore on Thursday night and a mayoral debate on Friday.
PAGE 6 THE BROWN DAILY HERALD MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 30, 2002
Winnick continued from page 1 sold Global Crossing stock worth more than $734 million between 1998 and 2001, the New York Times reported in February. Global Crossing, which Gary Winnick established in 1997 and took public in 1998, planned to run fiber optic wires between continents to facilitate worldwide communications. The company announced major losses late in 2001 after years of reportedly high profits that propelled the stock’s price over $60. An SEC investigation into the sudden failure of the business, which up to that point had appeared successful, revealed possible illegal accounting practices. Despite her husband’s spiraling legal woes, Karen Winnick will complete her six-year term as a member of the Brown Corporation, Russell Carey ’91, secretary of the Corporation, told The Herald. Carey would not comment on the Winnicks’ current legal problems. Winnick is not a University alumna, unlike the majority of Corporation members. But she is the parent of Alexander Winnick ’00. It is not uncommon for Corporation fellows and trustees to be parents of Brown students, Carey said. The Winnicks were not available for comment. A woman who answered the phone at their Beverly Hills home said Karen Winnick would be unavailable until Thursday. Both Carey and Ronald Vanden Dorpel GS ’71, senior vice president for advancement, said they would not comment on the specific nature of the Winnicks’ gifts or on the possibility of continued financial support from the family. Vanden Dorpel said he could not comment on the Winnicks’ support because it is standard policy at all uni-
versities, including Brown, for donor records to remain confidential unless donors “authorize the disclosure of them,” which the Winnicks have not done. Vanden Dorpel said he doesn’t know Karen Winnick. Through their financial support, the Winnicks were responsible for the creation of Brown’s Winnick Foundation Literacy Initiative, which is part of the Institute for Elementary and Secondary Education, said Chris Amirault, director of the IESE. The two-year-old initiative began during the 2000-2001 academic year, Amirault said, and funding for the program began a year before that. The program, which has helped researchers in the education department design a training program for literacy mentors, flourished over the past two years, he said. Amirault said representatives from the Swearer Center, the Annenberg Center and the Education Alliance told him in 2000 that “the Winnicks would be interested in supporting a program like this.” Now, with the outcome of the SEC investigation into the Winnicks’ finances unclear, Amirault said he does not know if the financial support for his program will continue beyond this year. But Amirault said he expects the initiative will continue through this year, whether or not the Winnicks’ support continues. “The education department and the Swearer Center have figured out ways to continue for the full year, and we’re hopeful that in the future we can continue it,” he said. “It’s one of the programs at the ISES that we really feel very good about.” Like the literacy initiative, Brown-RISD Hillel received substantial funds from the Winnick Foundation. Rabbi Richard Kirschen declined to comment on how much support the Winnicks had given Brown-RISD Hillel or whether he expected their support to continue.
As to the Winnicks’ donations to the University itself, President Ruth Simmons refused to comment, saying that Brown does “not currently have any concerns about a gift that we’ve received from anybody.” But she told The Herald that over time many things can happen that could cause the University to consider “the wisdom of any particular gift. “I would not say that, under the current circumstances, given that this is not resolved, that anyone would be inclined to question whether or not there is anything inappropriate in the gift that we might have received, from anyone on the docket of donors at Brown,” Simmons said. She said it is not appropriate to “hold that discussion in a public debate.” But Simmons said the idea of “clean money” can be related to all facets of the University, not just development. The University would have no way of knowing if students’ tuition funds are “clean.” “Should we dismiss you as a student if we determine that the money with which your tuition was paid was inappropriate?” she said. “It’s a naïve approach to say that there is clean money.” In addition to providing financial support, Gary Winnick spoke at a University Commencement forum in 1999 called “The New Internet Economy.” That economy has since taken a nosedive, taking with it Global Crossing. At that forum, Gary Winnick was joined by Jonathan Sallet ’74, at the time the chief policy counsel of MCI WorldCom, another company currently being investigated for accounting fraud. Another initiative at Brown’s Institute for Elementary and Secondary Education, the Making a Civic Investment Project, is supported by a $5 million MCI WorldCom donation. Herald staff writer Juliette Wallack ’05 can be reached at email@example.com.
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD
CAMPUS NEWS MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 30, 2002 · PAGE 7
Three study disparities in Miss. Delta BY ALLISON JOY ROSENDAHL
Although many students interested in activism and community health look to volunteer abroad or in inner cities, last summer three Brown students set their sights on the Mississippi Delta region. Heather Clark ’03, Mars Gunja ’03 and Philip Lederer ’03 traveled to Mississippi to address health and socioeconomic issues. The Mississippi Delta is one of the poorest areas in the country, with a healthcare crisis comparable to that in many post-colonial countries, the students said. A legacy of poverty and segregation, the detritus of slavery and Reconstruction, still exists despite the Civil Rights movement of the 1960s, they said. Clark said many people at Brown are unaware of conditions in the South, but since she is from Baton Rouge, La., the situation in the Delta “hits close to home.” “It blew my mind,” said Gunja, who is from Los Angeles, commenting on the experience of learning the facts about the Delta. Urban populations don’t realize what is happening down there, he said. The problems in the Delta are “not on the national health radar,” Lederer said. Health disparities, particularly related to AIDS, heart disease and cancer still exist between the races and are related to the larger problems of segregation and poverty, Lederer said. There are still towns where railroad tracks separate white areas from black areas, Clark said. There are separate churches and
schools, with most black children going to public school while whites attend private school, she said. Well paying jobs are also in short supply, with the exception of employment at private prisons and casinos, whose billboards advertise “cash your paycheck all day, every day,” Clark said. “Power differences translate into real-life health disparities,” Lederer said. Perhaps the best example of the interconnectedness of health and other community issues can be seen in the AIDS situation. The lack of good jobs makes it difficult to buy medication and even to see a doctor, as many cannot afford a car or even daycare, Lederer said. In particular, the percentage of black females with AIDS is on the rise, Gunja said. Public schools, which are predominantly black, are poorly funded and have inadequate health education, Lederer said. “It’s all intermingled,” he said. One difficulty for activists is where to focus — if you focus on AIDS, then you also have to worry about housing and transportation, Lederer said. The Delta is also a microcosm for the connection between racial and health issues in the United States, Lederer said. The lack of jobs and the image of the train tracks dividing the two communities was “stark,” Gunja said, and therefore an “exemplary representation of other problems in America … on a see DELTA, page 12
Marston chairs Sierra Club chapter BY AYANA MORALES
Theoretical physicist John Bradley Marston, associate professor of physics, knew from his childhood trips camping and hiking in the Sierra Nevada mountains of California that his love for physics and the environment would become his life’s work. He is now chairman of the Rhode Island Chapter of the Sierra Club. Raised in northern California, Professor Marston loved to hike and climb Mount Shasta during his childhood. Meanwhile, his passion for physics grew as he played with machines, disassembling them and then putting them back together. He also learned the basics of electricity from his father, an electrical engineer. Today, Marston still hikes with his wife and takes yoga classes. After graduating from the California Institute of Technology and earning his Ph.D. from Princeton in 1989, Marston went on to perform post-doctoral research at Cornell. He moved to Rhode Island and joined the Department of Physics in 1991. Marston’s many achievements include an Alfred P. Sloan fellowship and the National Science Foundation’s National Young Investigator Award. When he first came to Rhode Island, he decided on his short walk from home to the University that action must be taken to improve pedestrian safety. His
passion to create a better environment for people led him to join the Rhode Island Chapter of the Sierra Club. Marston first joined the Sierra Club, an organization committed to protecting quality of life and the environment, in California in the 1980s. His continual efforts and commitment earned him the position of vice chairman of the Rhode Island Chapter of the Sierra Club in 2000. A volunteer, he now serves as executive chairman of the organization. Marston has lobbied at the State house for the rights and protection of pedestrians, the advancement of energyefficient modes of transportation, reduction of energy consumption and pollution and other issues caused by urban sprawl. Although much of the Rhode Island Sierra Club’s focus centers on urban issues, Marston said the organization also looks at global problems. Overpopulation and global warming are two major problems he said he thinks will arise this century and must be dealt with. The National Science Foundation recently invited Marston to headline a series of lectures in October on “Condensed Matter Physics.” He will give a lecture on the quantum mechanics of global warming, in which he will explain global warming from a physical see BRADLEY, page 13
PAGE 8 THE BROWN DAILY HERALD MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 30, 2002
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD
WORLD & NATION MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 30, 2002 · PAGE 9
IN BRIEF In primaries, many elected not to vote (Washington Post) — Neither terrorist attacks, a plummeting
stock market nor talk of war with Iraq was enough to drive significant numbers of Americans to the polls in primary elections this year, according to a new report. The survey, conducted by the Committee for the Study of the American Electorate, found that turnout in this year’s gubernatorial and Senate primary elections just missed setting a record low. Only 17 percent of those old enough to cast a ballot did so in one of the 37 states that have held statewide contests this year for both major parties. That’s a bare 0.2 percent more than the record low set during the 1998 midterm elections — and less than half the percentage of those who cast ballots in the 1966 primary elections, a pinnacle of voter participation. “The events of Sept.11, 2001, or the rekindling of those sentiments in 2002 may have helped boost patriotic fervor, but that did not carry over into political participation,” said Curtis Gans, the study’s director. He noted, however, that voter turnout for the primaries held after July slightly outpaced turnout for 1998’s post-July primaries. This “may mean that voter interest is picking up for this election and there may be somewhat higher general election turnout,” Gans said.
Candidates target overseas voters (L.A. Times) — With the Nov. 5 elections little more than a month away, both major parties are busily trying to woo that oft-overlooked voter: the U.S. citizen living abroad. There are about 6 million of them, and their ballots — and the mysteries surrounding the overseas voting process — add suspense to what promises to be a close election for control of Congress. Whereas analysts routinely slice and dice the domestic electorate into any number of demographic categories, no one is quite sure how many overseas Americans bother to vote--or for whom they vote. Republicans claim a majority, extrapolating data from elections scattered across the country. But no one knows for sure. The problems that plagued the counting of overseas ballots in 2000 — the missing signatures and postmarks and other technicalities that disqualified ballots in Florida's infamous presidential recount — appear largely unresolved. Both parties backed legislation to improve the process. But the bills, along with efforts for domestic election reform, bogged down in partisan debate. The overseas voting process remains highly decentralized, with each state setting requirements and deadlines. In the face of this, Republicans and Democrats are manning far-flung operations to inspire civilian expatriates and U.S. military personnel to cast ballots. A GOP ad in the Paris-based International Herald Tribune contends:“Democrats opposed Republican reforms to make overseas voting easier. And blocked countless overseas Americans in Census 2000. Republicans are fixing all that.” A Democratic ad in the Jerusalem Post says:“Democrats are fighting to secure the future for all Americans, at home and abroad ... ensuring Social Security, pension and retirement security for Americans abroad.”
Sand dump caps DDT contamination off California coast, report finds (L.A. Times) — An unprecedented experiment to entomb a giant underwater deposit of DDT off Southern California’s Palos Verdes Peninsula under tons of clean sand appears to be working, according to a study to be released Monday. The report concludes that the best solution to the continuing DDT pollution in the area may be to bury more of the decades-old pesticide dump. “We are thinking about laying down a layer a foot to a foot and a half thick,” said Frederick K. Schauffler, an environmental engineer with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.“This report clearly shows that, from a technical standpoint, this kind of cap is feasible.” From 1947 to 1971, Montrose Chemical Corp., near Torrance, Calif., which manufactured DDT, routinely discharged the pesticide into sewers that flowed into the ocean. Government officials estimate about 1,800 tons of DDT settled on the sea floor over 17 square miles fanning out from White’s Point off the Palos Verdes Peninsula.
Demonstrators Laurel Imlay, left, and Deborah Avramsky of Mt. Rainier, Md. wrote slogans on their pregnant bellies during an anti-war march Sunday in Washington, D.C. Protesters wrapped up three days of demonstrations against the World Bank and International Monetary Fund by marching from Washington's Dupont Circle to Vice President Dick Cheney's residence to rally against a possible war in Iraq.
Protestors rally in D.C. against war WASHINGTON (L.A. Times) — Claiming that President Bush is more interested in grabbing Saddam Hussein’s oil resources than his weapons of mass destruction, several thousand demonstrators marched through the nation’s capital Sunday to protest a potential attack on Iraq. ‘‘The message is: No war in Iraq. We need inspections, not war; disarmament, not overthrow of the Iraqi regime,’’ said Phyllis Bennis of the Institute for Policy Studies, a Washington public-policy group. A strike against Iraq ‘‘will bring on more terrorism, the deaths of who knows how many Americans and the deaths of hundred of thousands of Iraqi citizens,’’ said Al Fischman, 74, a retiree from Michigan. ‘‘It will accomplish absolutely nothing.’’ The protest came as U.S. lawmakers debate how much latitude to give Bush in pursuing military action against Iraq, and as U.N. weapons inspectors prepare to meet with Iraqi officials Monday to lay down demands for their return. The march, which was peaceful, took demonstrators up Washington’s ‘‘Embassy Row.’’ It paused briefly at the embassies of countries in the U.N. Security Council, a symbolic plea for them to guide the United States away from war, and ended with a rally outside the residence of Vice President Dick Cheney. ‘‘No blood for oil,’’ the protesters yelled. ‘‘One, two, three, four, we don’t want your oil war.’’ Police estimated that about 2,500 people participated. The protest marked the third day of demonstrations in Washington against U.S. foreign policy, coinciding with annual meetings of the International Monetary Fund and
the World Bank. Protesters blame the two international finance agencies for setting out loan terms for indigent nations that harm the poor and the environment. Authorities had prepared for as many as 20,000 protesters over the weekend, but far fewer appeared. On Sunday, the protesters included church groups, suburban families and college students—a more diverse crowd than had appeared at rowdier demonstrations on Friday and Saturday. Those had been dominated by college-age protesters. ‘‘Ordinary folks are opposing the war, not just the rabble-rousing kids,’’ said Dave Bort, a 51-year-old electrical engineer from Maryland who wore a three-piece suit. ‘‘There’s a lot of strong opposition in the suburban neighborhoods to any more killing,’’ said Mike Hanna, 38, an environmental engineer who turned out with fellow parishioners from his Catholic church in Virginia. They included a lawyer, an occupational therapist and a college professor. ‘‘There’s been enough killing in the past year. Killing a bunch of Iraqis won’t help anything.’’ Ryan Amundson of Hartville, Mo., said he was attending on behalf of 50 people who lost relatives in the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks. ‘‘It’s very upsetting to see Sept. 11 used to justify this war with Iraq,’’ said Amundson, whose brother, Craig, 27, died at the Pentagon, where he was working as a multimedia illustrator for the Army. ‘‘We know many innocent people will die in a war, and we think that will bring more insecurity than peace. We don’t want anyone, anywhere, to have to go through what we went through.’’
PAGE 10 THE BROWN DAILY HERALD MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 30, 2002
Pentagon to deter Iraq’s use of chemical, biological weapons WASHINGTON (Washington Post) —
The Pentagon is preparing a campaign aimed at deterring Iraqi officers from firing chemical or biological weapons during a U.S. invasion because intelligence officials believe President Saddam Hussein has given field commanders conditional authority to use the weapons in event of an attack, according to defense and intelligence officials. The effort would include massive leafleting of Iraqi military positions — a tactic used by U.S. forces during the Gulf War in 1991 — but also might employ covert techniques that would enable the U.S. message to reach Iraqi commanders, the officials said. Final authority to use weapons of mass destruction has resided with Saddam. But the Iraqi president’s knowledge that the United States would seek to take down Iraqi command centers and communications systems at the outset of any military strike means he has likely given authority for firing chemical and biological weapons to his most loyal commanders in the field, the officials said. They said Saddam issued similar orders before the Gulf War. The sources said, the Pentagon plans to appeal directly to these officers not to use the weapons. One of the biggest challenges before military planners is determining which Iraqi military units can be encouraged to defect in event of a U.S. invasion and how to communicate with them, defense officials have said. A British intelligence report released Tuesday by Prime Minister Tony Blair said Iraq could deploy nerve gas and anthrax weapons on 45 minutes’ notice. It also said Saddam may have delegated authority to order use of such weapons to his youngest son, Qusai, who
leads the Republican Guard — elite units that control deployed weapons of mass destruction. The Pentagon’s campaign was signaled recently by Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld. Testifying before the House Armed Services Committee, Rumsfeld said, “Wise Iraqis will not obey orders to use WMD (weapons of mass destruction).... The United States will make clear at the outset that those who are not guilty of atrocities can play a role in the new Iraq. But if WMD is used, all bets are off.” Rumsfeld added that if the order to use chemical or biological weapons were made by Saddam, “that does not necessarily mean his orders would be carried out. He might not have anything to lose, but those beneath him in the chain of command most certainly would have a great deal to lose.” A Pentagon official said Rumsfeld’s comments “are at least the start of telling them we are serious.” After the Gulf War, coalition force interrogators learned Saddam had decided ahead of time to give commanders the go-ahead to use chemical weapons if Baghdad’s communications were interrupted. One administration source said the Iraqi president issued specific orders to use the weapons if “the allies were winning the ground war and they had crossed a line due west of the city of Al-Amarah,” which is 200 miles south of Baghdad. Iraqi unit commanders were also told they should employ the weapons against Iranian forces if they crossed the border during the war and moved into Iraq’s Maysan Province, where Al-Amarah is located. Although Iraq’s chemical artillery shells and warheads were deployed during the war, they were not used. U.S. officials now believe this was because the United States
repeatedly cautioned Iraq before the fighting started that use of such weapons would draw an immediate and possibly overwhelming response that would topple Saddam from power. One reason the Pentagon has adopted a plan to dissuade Iraqi officers from ordering the use of chemical or biological weapons is that this deterrent has been rendered moot by the administration’s decision to make removing Saddam the goal of any military action. Whether a plan to deter Iraqi commanders from employing the weapons will work is a matter of disagreement among military experts. “They will face a short-term or a long-term problem,” one former senior intelligence official said. “We may come after them when the fighting is over. But there may be a Saddam loyalist with a gun who is threatening to kill him right away if he doesn’t follow orders.” Judith Yaphe, an Iraq specialist at the National Defense University, said that in 1991, according to documents found after the war, Saddam tried to persuade his commanders to use the weapons because they would be killed anyway. Also, Saddam placed loyalists with the commanders to enforce his wishes. “The question is, are they still there?” she said. Richard Russell, a CIA area analyst who specialized in Iraq and is now at the National Defense University, said the effort to deter individual commanders “makes sense as an attempt.” But he noted Iraqi operational security was very good in the Gulf War and “you have to assume it is much better now.” In the Gulf War’s aftermath, U.S. intelligence officials learned that Iraq had been deterred from using chemical weapons by the threat of massive retaliation.
European officials see growing gap with U.S. BRUSSELS (Washington Post) —
Here in the capital of the new Europe, officials are expressing emotions ranging from concern to alarm to irritation, resentment and anger as they contemplate the growing gap between themselves and the Bush administration. The immediate cause is the administration’s newly declared preemption doctrine, reserving for the United States the right to attack potential enemies before they strike, and its determination to deal with Iraq with or without international support. One senior European official said the new U.S. message to Europe was: “You have become irrelevant, and unless you do something dramatic to raise your defense expenditure, this is the end. The phone is not ringing.” But officials and analysts here say their problems with Washington go much deeper than the current crisis. They fear the Bush administration, in the name of countering threats from terrorism and from rogue states since the Sept. 11 attacks last year, is jettisoning the post-World War II system of multilateral institutions and coalitions—such as the U.N. Security Council and the NATO alliance—that the United States helped build, and which helped preserve peace and stability for nearly 60 years. “The mixture of containment and establishing an international rule book by and large encouraged democracy, the rule of law and open markets throughout the world,” said Chris Patten, the European Union’s external affairs minister, in an interview Friday. “Why should anyone think that that approach was somehow less relevant after September 11th? I think it’s more relevant.” Rallies by tens of thousands
of anti-war demonstrators in London and Rome on Saturday were reminiscent of protests of the early 1980s in favor of nuclear disarmament and against President Reagan’s tough stance on the Soviet Union. But here in Brussels, opposition to what is seen as the administration’s emerging unilateralism comes not just from the left but from across the board, and includes the highest levels of the EU. “There’s a lot of concern, and it’s growing and it’s not just the usual suspects, it’s across the spectrum,” said John Palmer, director of the European Policy Center, a prominent Brussels research group. Officials concede that they do not speak with one voice. The views of European leaders range from British Prime Minister Tony Blair’s spirited endorsement of the Bush administration’s Iraq policy to German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder’s equally spirited criticism, with French President Jacques Chirac somewhere between. “It’s our weakness, not America’s strength, that is the problem,” said Elmar Brok, chairman of the European Parliament’s foreign affairs committee. “We have no influence because we have no common European approach.” European feelings have been badly bruised in recent months. The Europeans say the administration views them as “Euro wimps” who don’t pull their weight militarily, and who prefer prevarication to plain-speaking and appeasement to action. At a recent NATO meeting Warsaw, Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld snubbed the German defense minister because of Schroeder’s strong opposition to military action against Iraq.
In Hussein’s younger son, officials see seeds of future trouble WASHINGTON (L. A. Times) — He is rarely quoted in the newspaper or shown on television. He has never given an interview and apparently has never delivered a speech in public. He is said to stutter. Most Iraqis, it is said, would not recognize the short, stout man with a thick mustache if they encountered him on the street— although two who did tried to kill him recently, according to an opposition group. Qusai Hussein, 36, the younger son of Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein, has emerged as a significant figure in the regime and an object of growing U.S. concern. He commands key military, security and intelligence forces and, U.S. officials say, directs lucrative smuggling networks in violation of United Nations sanctions. If an invasion killed or dislodged his father, Quasi could well be left in control of the regime’s deadliest weapons. A British government report revealed last week that the elder Hussein may have delegated to Qusai authority over Iraq’s suspected arsenal of chemical and biological weapons. The disclo-
sure was the latest sign that Qusai has eclipsed his infamous older brother, Uday, as the Iraqi strongman’s most trusted aide and heir apparent. U.S. officials say Qusai’s growing power has emerged as a wild card as U.N. inspectors plan to return to Iraq to search for possible weapons of mass destruction—and as the Bush administration weighs how best to topple Hussein’s regime. “If Saddam is knocked out early, and command and control breaks down, then how do they fire their stuff?” said a senior U.S. intelligence official who is involved in the current planning. “Who’s going to push the button? “Qusai is someone who, A, would be loyal to his father, and, B, if he gives the orders, those orders will be followed like his father’s,” the official said. “There’s contingency planning going on, and he’s a big part of it.” According to U.S. and British intelligence, Hussein’s regime in recent years has produced both biological and chemical weapons and can deliver them with artillery shells, free-fall bombs,
sprayers and ballistic missiles. They could be deployed within 45 minutes of a decision to do so, officials said. Would Qusai use them? Former U.N. weapons inspector Terrance Taylor said he isn’t sure. “These are not Taliban, theologically motivated people,” said Taylor, now president of the International Institute for Strategic Studies-U.S. “This is a secular ruling clique, a Mafia-type group. They want to survive. So they’re going to try to strike deals.” Qusai had no known role in his father’s past military confrontations, including the war against Iran in the 1980s and the invasion of Kuwait in 1990 that led to the Persian Gulf War the following year. But Qusai knows about Iraq’s clandestine weapons programs. Iraqi defectors have told U.S. officials that starting in the mid1990s, he headed a special unit of as many as 2,000 men whose job was to hinder and hamper U.N. weapons inspectors. According to these accounts, one team from Qusai’s group
would create traffic jams and other diversions to delay the inspectors, while another team would rush to move incriminating records, equipment and other items that the inspectors were seeking. David Kay, a former U.N. weapons inspector, said Qusai can be seen “lurking in the background” in photographs of key inspections. Another former inspector, who asked not to be identified, said Qusai was part of a high-level Iraqi committee that “decided what to give up and what to conceal. He was involved up to his eyeballs.” U.N. inspectors withdrew from Iraq in frustration in December 1998 and have yet to return. Experts say Qusai’s influence has grown dramatically since then, especially in the military and security structure of the Iraqi police state. Qusai oversees the Republican Guard, the best trained and armed military unit, and the Special Security Organization, which is entrusted with protecting the president and with hiding any weapons of mass destruc-
tion. The SSO also monitors telecommunications between Iraq and the outside world, Iraqi exiles say. The two posts, as well as a recent appointment to head of the northern army, the force that presumably would defend Baghdad against an attack from Kurdish areas in the north, give Qusai operational control over some of the most important units in Iraq’s armed services. Qusai also helps run the Mukhabarat, Iraq’s largest and most dreaded intelligence and internal security service. The U.N. Commission on Human Rights, Amnesty International and other humanrights groups have accused the Mukhabarat of torturing suspected dissidents or their families. A former Mukhabarat member, Khalid al-Janabi, told U.N. investigators last year that members of a special unit, the Technical Operations Directorate, have raped relatives of suspected opponents and then used videotape of the sexual assaults to ensure future cooperation.
MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 30, 2002 THE BROWN DAILY HERALD PAGE 11
West coast cargo ports close Charges in‘DirtyWar’ down again in labor dispute campaign win praise LOS ANGELES (L. A. Times) — West
Coast cargo ports were shut down indefinitely Sunday night following a chaotic day on the waterfront that dashed hopes for a truce between dockworkers and shipping lines, now in their fifth month of troubled contract talks. Losses to the trade-dependent U.S. economy could quickly reach into the billions of dollars. The 29 ports, from San Diego to Seattle, handle about half of the nation’s oceangoing cargo, including imports of cars, electronics, garments, housewares and sporting goods. Leaders of the International Longshore and Warehouse Union insisted they had done nothing to provoke the abrupt lockout of their members by the Pacific Maritime Association, which represents international shipping lines and U.S.-based terminal operators. But the PMA provided dozens of examples of what it said were deliberate acts to slow or halt the flow of cargo, such as the failure to fill key equipment operator positions and the loss of cargo containers in terminals. Overall, productivity was down 54 percent coast-wide, although it dropped most dramatically in Portland, Ore., and Oakland, Calif., according to figures provided by the association. A top federal mediator flew to San Francisco Friday and offered to help the two sides reach an agreement. The PMA said it would accept mediation, but the union maintained its position of refusing an intermediary. After a week of sporadic slowdowns and a 36-hour lockout that ended Sunday morning, vessels were already backed up in harbors and being forced to anchor outside the breakwaters. Many more ships were scheduled to arrive Monday, including 23 at the ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach. “This is bad. Very bad,” said Robin Lanier, executive director of the West Coast Waterfront Coalition, which represents major retailers and manufacturers that use the ports. “We’ve already got a backed-up situation, and it’s going to get progressively worse. And everybody’s terrified of what this does to the stock market tomorrow.” Union members were incensed by the PMA’s late-afternoon decision to enforce a lockout and quickly set up picket lines at terminals in Los Angeles
and Long Beach. “They want to play this game? They can go ahead and play it,” said Ramon Ponce de Leon Jr., president of ILWU Local 13 in Los Angeles. Ponce de Leon said he had been on the docks all day Sunday trying to ensure that jobs were filled. “There is no slowdown,” he said. Ponce de Leon and other union leaders blamed the PMA for instigating a crisis in the hope that it would lead to federal intervention. The mood at Local 13 headquarters in Los Angeles was grim as union members gathered for picket duty. “We’re going to have men at the gates,” Ponce de Leon said. “It’s going to get ugly.” PMA President Joseph Miniace said it would be more costly for terminals to operate under a slowdown than it would be to shut down operations entirely, because union members would be paid for doing little or no work. “I will not pay workers to strike,” said Miniace, who said the lockout would continue until the union signs a new contract or agrees to extend its expired contract. Any slowdown is subject to arbitration under a contract, which would make it unlikely. An extended shutdown of the West Coast ports would be economically devastating, with the impact worsening the longer the shutdown continues, according to a study conducted for the PMA by the Martin Associates consulting firm in Lancaster, Pa. A five-day shutdown would cost the national economy an estimated $4.7 billion in lost wages and other costs, according to the study. Exporters of perishable goods, for example, would likely have to ship items by air freight instead of by sea. But the larger impact would be on retailers, who won’t have the same volume of goods to sell, and as a result won’t have as much sales revenue to fund additional purchases. “The lost sales of the imported commodities will have a ripple effect throughout the nation’s retail support sector, creating negative impacts in such support activity as local warehousing and distribution, advertising, wholesale activity and packaging,” the study noted. The costs would snowball over time, with a 10-day shutdown costing the economy an estimated $19.4 billion.
Only a small portion of the cargo arriving on the West Coast could be diverted to Atlantic ports, according to Martin Associates and other experts, because most container vessels are now too large to fit through the Panama Canal. West Coast ports now handle about half of the U.S. sea cargo, or double what they handled in 1980, and have invested heavily in cranes, terminals and other facilities to handle the rising volume of trade—which has not been the case at most Atlantic ports. Ports were closed Friday night for what the PMA termed a 36hour “cooling-off period” after terminal operators reported slowdowns up and down the coast. In some cases, crane operators that normally moved 30 containers an hour off ships were moving only three an hour. The gates reopened Sunday morning, and both sides said they were prepared to put in a normal day. But the situation deteriorated quickly. One hour after gates opened at 8 a.m., many jobs had still not been filled. Cranes that were operated were moving slowly. Truckers, who hoped to make up for the previous day’s closure, were backed up twodeep more than a quarter mile at terminals in Los Angeles and Long Beach. After waiting several hours, some drivers made Uturns and left in frustration. At the new Pier 400 in Los Angeles, the largest container terminal in the world, a security guard closed the gates and waved truckers away at 10 a.m., saying crane operators had not arrived. The announcement was greeted with honking and jeers from drivers, some of whom had already waited in line more than two hours. Longshore workers are among the highest-paid union workers, making about $80,000 to $150,000 annually with overtime. But the fight with the shippers and terminal operators is not about compensation, but about the union’s continuing ability to hold key jobs against the threat of technological innovations that could weaken its clout. Despite increasing volumes of Pacific Rim trade, the shipping lines and terminal operators that make up the PMA have been hurt by an excess of shipping capacity that has forced them to keep rates low.
MEXICO CITY (L. A. Times) — Murder
charges brought against three high-ranking Mexican army officers for alleged involvement in the nation’s “dirty war” against dissidents drew praise here over the weekend as an important step in President Vicente Fox’s fight against institutionalized corruption and impunity. The charges are the first lodged against army officers in the disappearance of hundreds of government opponents thought to have died at the hands of the police and military between the late 1960s and early 1980s. They came as Fox, who took office nearly two years ago, is still striving to deliver on a campaign promise to clean up Mexico. The new charges could lend authority to Fox’s most important anti-corruption effort to date: allegations of fraud by union leaders at Mexico’s state-owned oil company, Petroleos Mexicanos, or Pemex, in having supposedly diverted $170 million in Pemex funds to the 2000 presidential campaign of the then-ruling Institutional Revolutionary Party. The action by a military tribunal last week also could give “coherence and legitimacy” to Fox’s campaign to prosecute the Pemex and other cases, said Jorge Chabat, a crime and security expert at the Mexico Citybased Center for Economic Research and Teaching. “This clearly gives Fox more authority with which to apply the law against civilians, whether in the dirty war or other matters,” Chabat said. “He can now say that not even the military has immunity.” A military tribunal charged two generals, Mario Arturo Acosta Chaparro and Francisco Quiroz Hermosillo, who have been imprisoned since 2000 on drug trafficking charges. A third officer, retired Maj. Francisco Barquin, was arrested in connection with the deaths of 143 people. Relatives and other witnesses testified that the missing leftists were last seen in the officers’ custody. Noting that there remain unanswered questions surrounding the officers’ alleged crimes, Sergio Aguayo, a political science professor at Colegio de Mexico, said the charges are important because they were brought against high-ranking players in the “security appara-
“This is a plan by the Fox government to close these cases .... They have not even released the names of the 143 people they are alleged to have made disappear.” Rosario Ibarra Eureka Committee President tus created by the state” to combat government opponents. “This investigation will continue, given that there is a social grievance that society will continue to insist on pursuing,” Aguayo said. Other observers, however, including political scientist Pamela Starr of the Autonomous Technological Institute of Mexico, or ITAM, said the charges might have less to do with Fox than with an effort by the Mexican military to “inoculate itself” against charges of responsibility for two massacres, in 1968 and 1971, by serving up “sacrificial victims with little political risk.” “These are generals who already appear to be definitely guilty. They were implicated in drug trafficking,” Starr said. Rosario Ibarra, president of the Eureka Committee, a human rights advocacy group for the families of hundreds of “disappeared” from past decades, said the charges didn’t go far enough because they failed to say who might have ordered the officers to commit murder. “This is a plan by the Fox government to close these cases,” Ibarra said Sunday. “They have not even released the names of the 143 people they are alleged to have made disappear.” Federico Estevez, also an ITAM professor, added that the Pemex fraud case is the “acid test” for the Fox government, which swept to victory in July 2000 on a tide of public optimism that it would fight corruption, past and present.
Drizzle, humidity help turn tide on raging California wildfires LOS ANGELES (L. A. Times) — The
Williams fire in the Angeles National Forest continued its slow fade under soggy skies Sunday, but hundreds of Mount Baldy Village residents remained off the mountain as fire officials warned of possible flare-ups. The wildfire, which has burned 36,160 acres and led to the park’s temporary closure, was 80 percent contained by Sunday evening. Once burning on three fronts, the seven-day blaze has been reduced to one fire head about 1 1/2 miles west of the village.
That front smoldered on Sunday under a low pressure system that brought drizzle and high humidity. Firefighters, meanwhile, continued working on a fire break to protect the town in case the flames continued to advance. Fire officials said the blaze may be fully contained by Tuesday, but said conditions are still volatile. More than 2,000 firefighters remain in the forest, and officials said it was too early to lift the evacuation order for the town’s estimated 900 residents. “We can’t be lulled into com-
placency,” said San Bernardino County Fire Capt. James Wilkins. “The threat is not imminent, but the weather could change.” The blaze began eight days ago near Williams Canyon in the San Gabriel Mountains and quickly spread south and east, at one point stretching 11 miles across the forest’s steep canyons and dense forests. The cause of the blaze is still unknown, though investigators have ruled out campfires and barbecues as a source. The injury toll reached seven on Sunday, but no firefighters face
life-threatening injuries. In Mount Baldy Village, the evacuation has prompted complaints from many residents who have been unable to return to their homes since being told to leave Tuesday night. Many are staying in motels or area shelters; others are staying with relatives and friends. Many say the evacuation order has been enforced unevenly, with some residents being allowed to stay in the village. “A lot of people were trying to do the right thing, and left the hill only to hear that there’s still people up there that didn’t have
to leave,” said Tom Bailey, who has been living in a motel with his wife and 15-year-old son. Officials said about 100 people have stayed behind, vowing to protect their homes themselves. In such cases, there is little law enforcement can do, they say. “We can’t slap cuffs on people and drag folks from their homes. That’s not what the forest service is about,” said Jonetta Holt, a spokesperson for the U.S. Forest Service. “Some people will just handle the risk. Other people consider their lives more important than their property.”
PAGE 12 THE BROWN DAILY HERALD MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 30, 2002
could run for it. He did an outstanding job.”
continued from page 16
Losing the battle,winning the war Though never on the field at the same time, a friendly rivalry has developed between standout wide receivers Chas Gessner ’03 and Harvard senior Carl Morris. Both are from the state of Maryland and decided to take their skills to the Ivy League to bring havoc to undersized cornerbacks. Before Saturday’s game, Morris and Gessner were tied for receptions per game, both leading the nation. Both are candidates for the 2002 Walter Payton Award, presented annually to the best player in I-AA football. Last year Morris edged out Gessner for Ivy-League player of the Year, leading the Crimson to an undefeated season and the Ivy League Title. Gessner certainly had better numbers on the afternoon, ending the day with 10 catches for 150 yards and two touchdowns. Morris had eight catches for 93 yards and one touchdown. Given that his starting quarterback left the game and that fill-in Fitzpatrick was preoccupied with gaining yards in chunks on the ground, Morris had fewer opportunities. He did however make key blocks to open up lanes for Fitzpatrick down the sideline, one
Had the Bears successfully kicked an extra point after each touchdown — a distance of only 17 yards — they would have edged the Crimson 28-26. Who’s the new guy? There is an old adage in football: a team is only as good as its backup quarterback. Just ask the St. Louis Rams. For the Crimson, their backup quarterback was brilliant. After losing senior play caller Neil Rose to a nagging injury in the second quarter, Harvard sophomore Ryan Fitzpatrick put down the clipboard and torched the Bears with his feet, rushing for 131 yards on 20 carries. Fitzpatrick repeatedly found holes up the middle, as an undersized Brown defensive line could not adjust to contain the mobile quarterback. Fitzpatrick was also efficient in the air; completing 62.5% of his passes for 113 yards, two for touchdowns. “Maybe he makes a couple mistakes,” Estes said. “He didn’t make any mistakes. He moved the ball downfield; he threw it as well as he could throw it. The big difference was when he needed a first down he
resulting in 60 yards. Fourth and Eternity Trailing 26-24 late in the fourth quarter, Brown, a team known for it’s prolific passing game, gained hard yards on the ground in an attempt to keep the Harvard offense off the field. Fullback Brent Grinna ’04 gained all his 36 yards in the fourth quarter on four carries, dragging Harvard defenders with him. Runningback Aaron Neff ’05 also had two carries totaling 20 yards. But when the team needed a first down to keep a drive alive, the reliable hands of co-captain Gessner caught everything that went their way. With only a few minutes remaining, the Bears found themselves on Harvard’s 24-yard line facing a fourth down and needing four yards. Gessner made a catch across the middle and was brought down near the goal line, creating a 1st and goal with a Brown touchdown almost certain to follow. The referees however saw a penalty and flagged the play. The call was offensive pass interference on a slot receiver that had no bearing on the play, the officials saying he intentionally ran his defender into another player — similar to a pick in basketball. This pushed Brown back 15 yards, facing a fourth and 19 that they did not convert.
Arts continued from page 1 porting a social cause but dependent upon the patronage of large corporations. An additional discussion pertained to the relationship between technique and creativity. Daniels said she believes that “technique is just a means to explore art.” Weeks discussed her love of technique and the mechanics of movement, but recalled a period of personal reflection after graduating from dance school. “I had all this formal training, but I had to figure out what was genuinely mine,” she said. As for advice, many panel members stressed the impor-
Bell continued from page 1 they do, realize that money doesn’t define success and not be afraid to take risks, Bell said. “Fight for a cause that surpasses understanding,” and learn that it is possible to “move away from popular consensus,” Bell said. “There are values in trying to live ethically that bring guaranteed dividends whether or not you succeed as the world measures success,” he added. Bell is known for protesting
Delta continued from page 7 severe, wider scope.” There has been a history of Northern activists coming into the Delta since the Civil Rights era, Lederer said. “But it’s hard to tell what the real changes have been … now the problems are different but
Brown had to concede the ball to the Crimson on downs, ending its drive. In the post game press conference, an irate Coach Estes did not hold back his criticism of the officials, chastising them for calling a penalty one rarely sees on any level of football. “It wasn’t even close as far as I’m concerned,” he said. “I’m probably not supposed to say anything about the officials, they are the one people in the world you’re not allowed to talk about when they have a bad day. That was the difference in the game.” Had Brown scored on the play, Harvard probably would have had time to move down the field, as neither defense was able to contain the other’s offense. Only three punts were needed between the two teams the entire game. Yet in the waning minutes of the game, after the offense conceded the ball, the Brown defense made one of its rare stops on the afternoon. Therefore presumably another Crimson score would not have followed had Brown scored on its last drive, preserving the Bears’ lead. Linebacker Joel Barone ’03 led Brown with 16 tackles and safety Hunter Young ’03 had 13 tackles and a sack Brown did get the ball back one more time, deep in its own territory.
The Crimson defense made one of its rare stops as well, assuring them of another come from behind victory against Brown.
tance of business savvy for artists. “I wish I took a business or economics class,” Weeks said. “A Day of the Arts at Brown” was organized by the Undergraduate Creative Arts Council, founded last year to sponsor artistic collaboration and increase the voice of students in decision-making pertaining to the arts. It began preparation for the event in the spring of 2002, Strandberg said. By scheduling the event for homecoming, the group hoped to entice alumni who had found their niche in the art community and not the athletic field. “The point was not to compete with the football game, but to attract alumni who wouldn’t have returned for the athletic events,” Strandberg said.
The panelists received an enthusiastic response from the audience, which ranged from undergraduates to members of the Class of 1941. “The discussion of art and social issues was very interesting,” said Julie Simon-Thomas ’01, “I think it’s important to find careers that incorporate the arts, which I had difficulty doing as an engineering major.” “I loved the panel,” said Dorothy Berger Friar ’42. “The fact that people have the courage to try new things and explore their passions is very exciting,” Friar said. Strandberg said she was very pleased with the panel. “They were all typical Brown students,” she said. “They are still re-creating themselves and finding new ground to explore.”
unfair hiring practices at Harvard University and at the University of Oregon Law School. Personal actions are often a good way to convince the world that the majority is not always right, he said. Bell later stressed the importance of introducing an ethical view of success to others as a means of combating the materialism of today’s society. Audience member Joy Wu ’03 asked what responsibility institutions such as Brown have to produce not just leaders, but ethical leaders. Bell responded that inner integrity must begin before students start their college education,
but that some guidance and inspiration is definitely needed. Using education and knowledge for the advancement of social justice causes is of the utmost importance, said fellow panelist and Professor of History Evelyn HuDeHart, director of the Center for the Study of Race and Ethnicity in America. “Teaching should not be a career by default,” Hu-DeHart said. Both Bell and Hu-DeHart said increasing faculty diversity is extremely important. It is essential, Hu-DeHart said, to recognize that diversity is more complex than ethnic backgrounds.
still race related.” The activism-driven Civil Rights efforts of the 1960s no longer receive national attention, Lederer said. While in Mississippi, Gunja, Clarke and Lederer said they encountered people doing positive things for the Delta community. Since black people in the Delta often have trouble getting loans from banks, one man started a black credit union that also pro-
vides classes on how to own a house, deal with bills and maintain good credit, Clark said. The students plan to implement a long-term collaborative effort and re-energize an already established alliance between Brown and Tougaloo College in Jackson, Miss., as a springboard for a project in partnership between the two institutions, Lederer said.
So,So Close For Estes and the team, Saturday’s loss was a bitter defeat. The game statistics proved that Brown was as good if not better than Harvard, the defending Ivy League Champions. Brown’s total offensive output was 443 yards to Harvard’s 442. Each team scored four touchdowns. Neither team turned the ball over. The Crimson escaped with a victory decided on a call that should be remembered in infamy by Brown fans. “You just hate to see those kind of calls make the difference in a football game,” said Estes after the game. Brown has a road game next weekend against the University of Rhode Island. It should provide an opportunity for the Bears to take their vengeance on a Rams team that beat them last year, and prove the Bears are better than their 0-2 record. Sports staff writer Jermaine Matheson ’03 is an assistant sports editor and covers football. He can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 30, 2002 THE BROWN DAILY HERALD PAGE 13
Bradley continued from page 7 standpoint. Most people understand the biology, geology and chemistry of global warming, but fail to understand the physical explanation at the root of global warming, Marston said.
Stern continued from page 16 Globetrotters). Imagine the potential revenue that could be raised in a pay-per-view event featuring the arthritic and ancient dream team squaring off against the current U.S. team. The younger, less experienced team embarrassed itself thoroughly in the last international tournament despite flaunting youthful superstars such as Tracy McGrady and Paul Pierce. The pride and egos of these precocious stars are probably so scarred from this failed endeavor that they would take any opportunity provided to prove their skills. They know that most basketball fans have concluded that USA basketball has declined in prowess over the last decade. Not subscribing to this concept, George Karl’s team is probably convinced that it could have won the whole tournament if it only had the incentive to contribute some effort. Now although it is too late for them to redeem themselves on the international level, they could be given the chance to prove that they rank up there with the dream teams of the past. Although I acknowledge it would probably take someone with the persuasion powers of Don King to coordinate this event, its potential mass appeal and mar-
“Global warming is a very interdisciplinary problem, but physics really wises up the mood of it,” he said. Marston is now researching strongly correlated electron systems. “Like most scientists I like the moment of insight to see something new for the first time,” he said. “That’s the moment I live for.”
ketability is unmatched among current sports entertainment options. I think it is clear to everyone that a match-up between these prospective teams when the original Dream Team was in its prime would be no match at all; with Michael Jordan, Magic Johnson, Larry Bird, and other assorted greats, the current U.S. team would not stand a chance. After adding ten years to each of these players, the outcome of the game is definitely uncertain. Anyone who believes in finesse and a fine touch would subscribe to the idea that the Dream Team would come out on top. But there are definitely those fans out there who just cannot get enough of Tracy McGrady’s bounce the ball off the backboard jams. These people probably believe that the youth and sheer athleticism of the younger team would yield a victory for the globally renowned losers. Personally, I feel there is no replacement for unselfish, controlled team play, and therefore the Dream Team’s success would not be hindered by its advanced age. No matter what the outcome of such a spectacle, fans would love it. Let’s bring fun back to the game of all-star basketball. Let’s bring back the Dream Team. Adam Stern ’06 hails from Roslyn, N.Y. and in addition to this column, covers the women’s tennis team.
NOW THAT’S CAPITALISM CAPITALISM CAPITALISM CAPITALISM
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD
EDITORIAL/LETTERS MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 30, 2002 · PAGE 14 S T A F F
E D I T O R I A L
Cleaning ‘dirty money’ At least one important program through which the University provides support to the local Providence community is in danger of disappearing following recent federal government probes into the alleged defrauding of shareholders and employees at Global Crossing, Ltd. The Winnick Foundation Literacy Initiative at Brown’s Institute for Elementary and Secondary Education is funded by Corporation Trustee Karen Winnick and her husband, Gary Winnick, the CEO of bankrupt and embattled Global Crossing. Winnick will testify before the House Energy and Commerce Committee Sunday regarding allegations that he defrauded investors and employees of his fiber optic communication company out of hundreds of millions of dollars. In addition to the undisclosed amount of money the Winnicks gave to fund their literacy initiative, the Winnick’s non-profit group gave at least $108,000 to Brown in 2000, $40,000 to Brown-RISD Hillel in 1998 and 2000, and $1,000 to Brown football in 1998. While the issues associated with alleged defrauders donating hundreds of thousands of dollars to Brown are disturbing, more troubling is the fact that without the Winnicks’ support, the IESE Literacy Initiative may no longer have the financial means necessary to operate. This program provides literacy training to students in the Providence Public School system, trains local educators in literacy education and recruits and trains Brown students to serve as literacy tutors to local students. Especially now, as the debate about Brown’s place in the Providence community continues following last semester’s crime wave, programs like the Literacy Initiative must not falter. Regardless of whether or not the Winnicks acquired their fortune illegally, this program must continue. Global Crossing is now bankrupt and the Winnicks face serious legal troubles. It is questionable whether Winnick’s civic minded philanthropy will continue if he is found guilty and loses his fortune. The responsibility to maintain support for this literacy program lies with the Brown community. The University along with alumni and other donors should step up to the plate and provide the money that is needed to continue IESE’s literacy initiative. In fact, this is just one program at Brown that may be forced to shut down in the wake of recent Enron-like scandals. MCI WorldCom, another company currently being investigated for accounting fraud, supported Brown’s Making a Civic Investment Project through a $5 million donation. In these troubled economic times, we should focus on maintaining support for those programs that resulted from alleged defrauders philanthropy in addition to seeking to repair the ills that fraud brought about.
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD EDITORIAL Beth Farnstrom, Editor-in-Chief Seth Kerschner, Editor-in-Chief David Rivello, Editor-in-Chief Will Hurwitz, Executive Editor Sheryl Shapiro, Executive Editor Elena Lesley, News Editor Brian Baskin, Campus Watch Editor Carla Blumenkranz, Arts & Culture Editor Stephanie Harris, Academic Watch Editor Juliette Wallack, Metro Editor Victoria Harris, Opinions Editor
BUSINESS Stacey Doynow, General Manager Jamie Wolosky, Executive Manager Joe Laganas, Senior Accounts Manager Moon-Suk Oh, Marketing Manager David Zehngut, National Accounts Manager Lawrence Hester, University Accounts Manager Bill Louis, University Accounts Manager Hyebin Joo, Local Accounts Manager Jungdo Yu, Local Accounts Manager Tugba Erem, Local Accounts Manager Jack Carrere, Noncomm Accounts Manager Laurie-Ann Paliotti, Sr. Advertising Rep. Genia Gould, Advertising Rep. Kate Sparaco, Office Manager
Sanders Kleinfeld, Opinions Editor PRODUCTION Marion Billings, Design Editor Bronwyn Bryant, Asst. Design Editor Julia Zuckerman, Copy Desk Chief
P O S T- M A G A Z I N E Kerry Miller, Editor-in-Chief Zach Frechette, Executive Editor Morgan Clendaniel, Film Editor Dan Poulson, Calendar Editor Alex Carnevale, Features Editor Theo Schell-Lambert, Music Editor
Jonathan Skolnick, Copy Desk Chief Andrew Sheets, Graphics Editor Ellen Bak, Photography Editor Allie Silverman, Asst.Photography Editor Brett Cohen, Systems Manager
SPORTS Joshua Troy, Sports Editor Nick Gourevitch, Asst. Sports Editor Jermaine Matheson, Asst. Sports Editor Alicia Mullin, Asst. Sports Editor
Marion Billings, Night Editor Daniel Jacobson, Cady Monrad, Jonathan Skolnick, Copy Editors Staff Writers Kathy Babcock, Brian Baskin, Jonathan Bloom, Carla Blumenkranz, Chris Byrnes, Jinhee Chung, Maria Di Mento, Nicholas Foley, Neema Singh Guliani, Ari Gerstman, Andy Golodny, Daniel Gorfine, Nick Gourevitch, Stephanie Harris, Victoria Harris Maggie Haskins, Shara Hegde, Brian Herman, Brent Lang, Elena Lesley, Jamay Liu, Jermaine Matheson, Kerry Miller, Martin Mulkeen, Alicia Mullin, Crystal Z.Y. Ng, Ginny Nuckols, Juan Nunez, Sean Peden, Katie Roush, Caroline Rummel, Emir Senturk, Jen Sopchockchai, Anna Stubblefield, Jonathon Thompson, Joshua Troy, Juliette Wallack, Jesse Warren, Julia Zuckerman Pagination Staff Bronwyn Bryant, Jessica Chan, Sam Cochran, Joshua Gootzeit, Michael Kingsley, Hana Kwan, Erika Litvin, Jessica Morrison, Stacy Wong Staff Photographers Josh Apte, Makini Chisolm-Straker, Allison Lauterbach, Maria Schriber, Allie Silverman Copy Editors Anastasia Ali, Lanie Davis, Marc Debush, Yafang Deng, Hanne Eisenfeld, Emily Flier, George Haws, Daniel Jacobson, Eliza Katz, Blair Nelsen, Eric Perlmutter, Amy Ruddle, Janis Sethness
if i were not me i would not be here in texas but maybe in barcelona?
C A R L I TA R I V E L LO
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR
Bridges ’86 not certified interior designer To the Editor: The Herald’s article “Bridges ’86 wins interior design fame,” (9/27) is misleading. Bridges was recognized by Time for her business skills and not her abilities as a designer. While Bridges’ business is based in New York, she has not met the requirements for certification as an interior designer as mandated by that state’s legislature. Noticeably missing after Bridges’ name are the initials of a professional design association. These seek to advance the profession of interior design, as well as certify that designers in those organizations have met the standard of safeguarding the public’s health, safety and well-being. I congratulate Bridges for earning recongnition from Time. I encourage her, and anybody wishing to call themselves an interior designer, to pursue the proper professional certification prior to using the title. James Owen Ross ‘86 Sept. 27
Watson Institute provides diverse views on international affairs To the Editor: I thank The Herald for its coverage of “911+1: The Perplexities of Security‚” (“‘911+1’ lecturer says Palestinian suicide bombings can be ‘morally rationalized,’” 9/23) a multimedia exhibition and series of public events held at the Watson Institute for International Studies. I thought our videoconference with the American University in Cairo and the Hebrew University in Jerusalem would be controversial, or the lecture “America’s War on Terrorism: A Military Perspective” by Admiral Rempt, President of the Naval War College, would prove the most contentious. Instead, it was to be a tightly argued and fairly abstract lecture, “After the Terror” by Ted Honderich, the Grote Professor Emeritus of the Philosophy of Mind and Logic at University College in London that provoked three angry letters to the editor. The article and letters have now caught the surveillant eye of “Campus Watch‚” the new academic monitoring organization that collects dossiers on universities and professors who do not agree with their views on
the Middle East. Campus Watch translated The Herald’s coverage into a full-fledged campus uproar. Notwithstanding the misquotation which headlines The Herald’s article or the one that ends it, I am alarmed that the response to its coverage might stifle one of the most important mandates of the press and the university: to provide an open yet critical forum for views which might be antithetical to one’s own. These past two weeks the Watson Institute reached wide to open up the circle of public discourse on Sept. 11, 2001, including artists, writers, philosophers and military officers. We will continue to do so, and we welcome all who are seeking the widest possible range of perspectives. James Der Derian Research Professor of International Relations Sept. 27
TWTP mired in ideology, sentiment To the Editor: Did Associate Dean of the College Armando Bengochea really assert that “TWTP was intended for those groups dramatically underrepresented for the vast majority of Brown’s history”? (“Students demystify, debate TWTP’s merits,” 9/27) Jewish Americans qualified under that rubric far longer than Asian Americans or Arab Americans. Did he assert that “the term ‘Third World’ was first used at Brown during the late 1960s as a way for Brown students to express their solidarity and sympathy for liberation movements in Africa and Latin America”? Either he’s wrong, or those students were as ignorant of history and foreign affairs as students today are. The Second World, of whom only Communist China, Communist Cuba, Communist North Korea and Communist Vietnam remain, claimed to represent the liberation movements in Africa and Latin America and underwrote virtually all of them. Did he really assert that “TWTP is based on all forms of repression?” Surely he did not say that. For the more one reads about TWTP, the clearer it becomes that whatever intellectual justification it might once have had has sunk into a cliché-ridden stew of ideology, sentimentality, racism and social engineering. The fantasies of the left at Brown never fail to amaze. David Josephson Professor of Music Sept. 27
CO M M E N TA RY P O L I C Y The staff editorial is the majority opinion of the editorial board of The Brown Daily Herald. The editorial viewpoint does not necessarily reflect the views of The Brown Daily Herald, Inc. Columns and letters reflect the opinions of their authors only. LETTERS TO THE EDITOR POLICY Send letters to email@example.com. Include a telephone number with all letters. The Herald reserves the right to edit all letters for length and cannot assure the publication of any letter. Please limit letters to 250 words. Under special circumstances writers may request anonymity, but no letter will be printed if the author’s identity is unknown to the editors. Announcements of events will not be printed. ADVERTISING POLICY The Brown Daily Herald, Inc. reserves the right to accept or decline any advertisement in its discretion.
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD
OPINIONS MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 30, 2002 · PAGE 15
The life and times of the Brown varsity athlete Will the seven-week rest period corrupt the current balance between academics and extracurriculars? I HAVE THE PLEASURE OF RESIDING IN received a great deal of attention. This has a room across the hall from a football become increasingly evident in light of the player. He goes by the name of James collective enterprise undertaken by the Gasparella, but very recently people who respective presidents of the Ivies. They live in the vicinity of his dwelling have have just recently implemented new polilabeled him the “hermit.” This, of course, cies which will be put in effect next year in an effort to boost participais in reference to his day-totion among student athletes day living habits. Knowing in the broader offerings of that the season is heating up, ROHAN MONGA GUEST COLUMN universities. we don’t “bust his balls” too Of the newly institutionalmuch, and understandably ized policies, I found the so. From classes in the morning to mandatory football meetings, foot- most controversial to unquestionably be ball practice and doing homework, Jamie the seven-week rest period. This rest the Hermit simply has no choice but to period basically limits student athletes exist in such a secluded livelihood. And from being subject to mandatory athletic between all that, he must fit in what he activity of any kind for seven weeks considers to be the most important activ- throughout the academic year. When asked to comment on how the whole ity of all: “sleep.” The rare and fleeting sightings of the issue came about, Vice President of Hermit by his neighbors can be catego- Campus Life and Student Services Janina rized by the following: rubbing Montero said that concerns were voiced eyes/yawning on way to bathroom, on “whether even in the Ivies, studentscurrying off to football practice and athletes really had an opportunity to crawling through hallway on way to immerse themselves in the broad offerroom after an exhausting football prac- ings given more and more competitive tice. Sometimes people do knock on his demands in sports.” In light of these developments, I find it door, only to find a dim-lit room and a squinting Jamie, hair disheveled and safe to say that the Ivy League — more so clad in boxers, mouthing, “Is it time for than any other athletic conference — epitomizes the significance it places upon practice?” The issue regarding obligations and academia and co-curricular endeavors. By burdens that student athletes must fulfill establishing this rule, the Ivy League sets and toil under throughout a substantial itself apart from other conferences in a portion of the academic year has recently pursuit to mold better-rounded individuals. But does this course of action really help the students? This is Rohan Monga’s ’06 first column for The domineering objective of the The Herald.
“While administrators attempt to break their onetrack focus, they must understand that the mark of an athlete, and for that matter, anyone who wants to succeed in anything, is focus and determination.” seven-week rest period is to allow athletes to strike a better balance in their lifestyles. By giving them seven weeks off, administrative officers hope that students will engage themselves in a wide range of activities, and — in doing so at the everso-liberal Brown — be furnished with a comprehensive and rewarding education. Common sentiment seems to have it that during times when a schedule is regimented by an active and serious involvement in a sport, one becomes relatively skillful in the management of time. In stark contrast, having too much time and too little to do may be the breeding ground for procrastination and unproductive behavior. While the seven-week rest period was brought about through a series of talks between administrators and athletes
themselves, I feel that administrators are forgetting one very important thing. The athletes that have it in them to make it and succeed in college-level athletics are usually the ones who have dedicated a substantial portion of their lives to their sporting pursuits. They never had the luxury of taking a few weeks off to “chill” and join the chess club in high school. While administrators attempt to break their one-track focus, they must understand that the mark of an athlete, and for that matter, anyone who wants to succeed in anything, is focus and determination. By instituting the seven-week rest period, Brown is deviating from one of its core principals, that of a liberal education. As a freshman, I find that one of the many attractive aspects of Brown is that not only can you do whatever you want to, but if there is something you are already inclined to pursue, you can just focus on that. This seven-week rule comes at the expense of the latter choice for the athletes. So as a result of recent enactments, what will we see? Will we see student athletes prancing into the realms of such gratifying extra-curriculars as basket weaving? Will their academic performance improve or dwindle as they have more time on their hands? Will spectators be put through lower competition levels than those seen in previous years? And will teams in the Ivies be able to contend with universities outside their conference? Montero articulates it best: “It remains to be seen.”
Seven-week rest period insult to all student athletes Varsity athletics are equally as equipped as all other Brown students to balance work and play I AM SHOCKED AND APPALLED AT THE seminar classes. Just because student Herald’s staff editorial (“Students First,” athletes exercise the bodies does not 9/25). Its arguments stereotype athletes imply that they neglect their minds. It is and insult their abilities to perform in the difficult to earn a degree from Brown, no classroom. The Herald, like the Council of matter who you are, but that does not Ivy League Presidents, in all their wisdom, mean every second not in class has to be devoted to studying. do not believe that students It is also important to athletes have the ability to address issues of self-confichoose what they want to do TIMOTHY GOOBIC GUEST COLUMN dence. The fact that the with their lives. Rather, they Herald believes student athhave reduced these impressive letes need a rest period so men and women to standards that rival how the movie “Zoolander” por- that they can try to “fit in” is a slap in the trays male models as dumb, easily con- face to everything gained from a life trolled members of society. Athletes are involving healthy competition. Any athsome of the sharpest, most self-confident lete will tell you that her ability to funcand well-rounded people on this campus. tion in stressful situations has improved They don’t need to be babied through col- greatly because of the experience prolege by an administration that doesn’t vided by athletics. When anyone is forced to perform her best, not only want to listen to their needs. The first thing to consider is the obvi- against the top competition in the ous question of academics. Should there nation, but in front of crowds of combe more time allotted for student ath- plete strangers filled with writers for letes to complete their studies? My local, or even national papers, she answer is no. If someone is having a becomes a better person. She will be a problem in class, there are a number of more confident person when it comes outlets to turn to for assistance. Tutors time for a job interview, a more self and mentors are always available. Many assured woman when she is choosing a teams have study groups for first-years spouse and an incredible mother whom and members that aren’t performing her kids can look up to. As far as using the seven-week period to well. I know on the football team, Coach Estes emphasizes that “we are a family, become a more well rounded person by and we look out for each other.” Often pursuing other interests, I again disagree times younger members on the team will with the logic of The Herald and Ivy presiask for help from the older guys. During dents. I have had a wonderful experience road games, laptop computers are avail- at Brown not only academically and athable for students to complete written letically but also as part of the Brown-RISD assignments. There is time given every and Saint Joseph’s Catholic communities, week in which students have the oppor- the Student Security Organization, and the tunity to complete lab work or attend Brown College Republicans, to name a few. For two years now I have had a full Timothy Goobic ’04 is baffled by most peo- schedule, as I believe many of you have had, and wouldn’t trade a moment of it for ple on this campus.
“Even if student athletes choose not to be part of any other organization, there is nothing wrong with that.” the world. It is possible to do other things while participating in a varsity sport andstill succeed academically. Even if student athletes choose not to be part of any other organization, there is nothing wrong with that. Everyone has the ability to do what she wants with her life, and if she wants to focus solely on sports, then so be it. It is not wrong that athletes choose not to be part of the Herald or NAVA; they are merely exercising a preference. I could just as easily point out how few walk-on players there are for varsity sports teams. Is the rest of the campus terrible because they don’t join varsity sports over other activities? Absolutely not! As for the actual idea of a rest period, I find it ridiculous. If athletes can’t train when they want to, then I will echo the words of Audrey Patton (“Seven-week rest halts athletic success,” 9/27) and call for the Herald to stop production for seven weeks as well. While we are at it, why don’t we just cancel all political speakers so that political science majors have a chance to learn about medicine? Or we could go a step farther and have a curfew every night to make sure that no student is out after dark because they might neglect their homework. Athletes not only want to improve themselves year-round; they
have to in order stay in shape. They owe it to themselves to constantly strive to become bigger, faster and stronger. Years of physical and mental investment have been put in, and the idea that the Ivy presidents and The Herald are telling them that they can’t live how they wish is an insult to over one-sixth of the student body. I have no doubt that President Simmons will be a great leader for Brown University in the years to come and I have a great amount of respect for her as a person. What I do not understand though is why she is keeping silent on this issue. She, along with the other Ivy presidents, passed this rule, and I want to know why. I can’t understand how a woman with such an inspiring background would ever stand for this. She worked extremely hard to get where she is now, and I just don’t understand why she would keep others from working their hardest to excel in something that is important to them. How she could do this without explanation is beyond me. Finally, to The Herald, I ask: why is it bad that some people compare Brown athletics to those of Ohio State? Why is that bad, but having one of the top theater programs in the nation good enough to brag about on the front page? Why did The Herald write an editorial that indirectly said athletes couldn’t keep up with the rest of the campus academically, when the athletic graduation rates at this school are incredible? I am hurt. Honestly, the one organization I thought would be mature enough to understand that it is possible to balance academics with another demanding activity just writes athletes off as lesser students and lesser people. Why?
THE BROWN DAILY HERALD
SPORTS MONDAY SEPTEMBER 30, 2002 · PAGE 16
Bring back the Dream Team MICHAEL JORDAN’S RECENT DECISION to return as a player for the 2002-2003 NBA season has not come without criticism. Some say that Jordan will be forced to come off the bench and serve a limited role with the Wizards. Others think that His Airness will sucADAM cumb to his older, STERN bulkier alter ego STERN ADAM His Tendonitisness and he’ll be sidelined for much of the season. Despite these criticisms Jordan is confident in his decision because he knows he can still play. Meanwhile, his longtime friend and opponent Patrick Ewing is retiring as a player. He plans to be Jordan’s assistant coach in Washington, and he claims that if need be he could see some oncourt action. Although the likelihood of seeing Jordan and Ewing playing together is extremely slim, it sure would be fun to watch. Because all-time great Charles Barkley is probably bored with his commentating job by now, he might be easily persuaded to join the squad. All of a sudden it is not so ridiculous to imagine that, with an average age of about forty, some core players from the 1992 Olympic Dream Team could be seen working together once again. This realization elicits the questions of whether or not it is at all feasible to ponder the comeback of the Dream Team. Further, if the aged basketball gods were reassembled, how would they match up against today’s youthful but pathetic USA squad? On account mostly of the tedium of everyday life and love for the game of basketball, I do not think it is too far fetched to imagine a partial return of the Dream Team. Although, it might take some convincing to have old-time greats like Larry Bird and Clyde Drexler suit up again, they would probably accept the opportunity to relive just a glimmer of the glory they once bathed in continuously. The other former Dream Teamers, for the most part, are still playing in the twilights of their respective careers for various teams. Even if they were not contractually able to join the Washington Wizards with Jordan and Ewing, maybe an unofficial exhibition team could be formed for pure entertainment (like the Harlem see STERN, page 13
SCOREBOARD Football Harvard 26, BROWN 24
Field Hockey Harvard 3, BROWN 2
Men’s Soccer Harvard 2, BROWN 1
Women’s Soccer Harvard 1, BROWN 0
Volleyball New Hampshire 3, BROWN 1 St. Peters 3, BROWN 2 Rutgers 3, BROWN 1
Men’s Water Polo Queens College 15, BROWN 1 Princeton 10, BROWN 8 BROWN 11, John Hopkins 10 BROWN 12, George Washington 10
Women’s Cross Country Placed 24th overall at the Iona Meet of Champions
Men’s Cross Country Placed 3rd overall at the Iona Meet of Champions
M. soccer drops Ivy opener to Harvard BY NICK GOUREVITCH
The men’s soccer team (2-2-1, 0-1 Ivy) fell to Harvard University, 2-1, on Saturday afternoon at Stevenson Field. Brown came back from two controversial calls by the referee late in the first half that put them down a man and a goal, but it was a second-half score by the Crimson that sealed the Bears’ fate. “We battled pretty well in the second half for being down a man,” said co-captain Adom Crew ’04. “But in the end we had a few mistakes and that cost us the game.” The loss is Brown’s first in an Ivy League opener since 1996 and represents an early blow to the Bears’ chances of winning their third consecutive Ivy title. To start the game, Harvard controlled the tempo for the initial 25 minutes of the first half, but the Brown defense and goalkeeper Chris Gomez ’04 did well to prevent Harvard from creating many legitimate chances. The Bears then began to possess the ball and create some offensive pressure in the latter stages of the opening half. However, their momentum was abruptly stopped when, in the span of two minutes, the referee awarded Harvard with a penalty kick and sent off Seth Quidachay-Swan ’04 with a red card. The foul that led to the penalty was called on Sean Gosselin ’04 for tripping a Harvard forward to the right of the goal near the end line. While it appeared as if the Crimson player was fouled, it was questionable as to whether the play was a legitimate enough of a threat to warrant the penalty kick. Kevin Ara converted the penalty kick for Harvard, and he was fouled soon after by Quidachay-Swan on a hard tackle that led to the red card. The call was difficult to swallow for the Bears after the referee chose not to eject a Harvard player for a similarly severe tackle earlier in the game that sent Matt Goldman
’04 flying into the scorer’s table. “The ref’s going to make some decisions, so you can’t really blame him for the game,” Crew said. “Next time we just have to go harder and play better.” Despite the man disadvantage, the Bears came out in the second half with determination and fire as they sought the equalizer. They completely dominated the run of play and their offensive pressure finally paid off 20 minutes into the half when Crew headed down a Bobby Dobbie ’06 corner kick into the net to knot the score at one. About eight minutes later, Harvard, led by Ara, would not be denied. The Crimson junior scored his second goal of the day when he lobbed a ball over Gomez, who was out of position after blocking an earlier shot. Immediately after the score, Ibrahim Diane ’06 broke through the Harvard defense and was fouled from behind on a hard challenge. The Harvard defender, however, was only punished with a yellow card as the Bears’ suffered again from a lack of consistent refereeing. Brown continued to press the Harvard defense for the remaining 17 minutes, but in the end came up short. Diane used his explosive speed to create a few more scoring opportunities later in the half, but could not convert. One of Brown’s best chances came in the waning seconds of the game when Keith Caldwell ’06 made a nifty move to shed his defender and put him near the goal, but the angle was too difficult and the Harvard goalkeeper made the save to seal the victory. The Bears hope to use the next three non-league games to rebound from Saturday’s disappointing loss and to prepare for the heart of the Ivy season.
Josh Honeyman / Herald
Men’s soccer was one of four teams to lose to Harvard over the course of the weekend. “We have to try and get in a rhythm and get some momentum going into the rest of the Ivy League schedule,” said co-captain Dustin Branan ’03. Brown will meet its in-state rival, the University of Rhode Island, on Tuesday night in Kingston before traveling to San Francisco for a tournament next weekend. Sports staff writer Nick Gourevitch ’04 is an assistant sports editor and covers the men’s soccer team.
Missed extra points, poor late call dooms football BY SAMANTHA PLESSER
It was a perfect day for a Homecoming football game as the Bears took on the defending Ivy League champion Harvard Crimson. It seemed an auspicious beginning for the Bears as Tristan Murray ’06 ran in a touchdown for three yards on the first drive of the game. The extra point was missed making the score 6-0 in favor of Brown. Brown cemented its lead after a 27yard touchdown pass from Kyle Slager ‘04 to Chas Gessner ’03 in the second quarter. A blocked extra point kick brought the score to 12-0 Brown on top. Harvard rallied back however with a 25-yard run from Nick Palazzo in the second quarter to bring the game to within five. Brown regained control, however, as quarterback Kyle Slager threw a touchdown pass to Gessner for 60 yards making the score Brown 18, Harvard 7, after failing on a two-point conversion attempt. Brown’s defense struggled to maintain control of the lead as Harvard pulled to within five points once again on a oneyard rush by Nick Palazzo after an 85yard drive. The Crimson missed also on an extra point attempt, the score Brown 18, Harvard 13. Brown seemed to have at least a tentative grip on the lead going into halftime until quarterback Ryan Fitzpatrick completed a 19 yard
Tristan Murray ‘06 ran in a touchdown for three yards on the first drive of the game. touchdown pass to Carl Morris making the score Harvard 19, Brown 18 after the Crimson too failed on a two-point conversion. The Bears went to the locker room trailing for the first time all game. In the third quarter, Harvard gained another touchdown on a pass from backup Fitzpatrick to Kyle Cremarosa for eight yards, making the score Harvard 26, Brown 18. The Bears still had some stirrings of life in them as they rallied back to within two points of tying the game. Slager completed a nine-yard touchdown pass to Chris Walther ’03 making the score Harvard 26, Brown 24 though the Bears again failed on the two-point conversion. However, beating the Crimson was not to be. Although a last ditch effort was made by the offense to pull ahead, the Bears went out on downs handing the ball over to Harvard and losing their opportunity to beat the Ivy League champions. Samantha Plesser ’05 is a contributing writer and covers the football team.
Football suffers a disappointing loss All the elements seemed right for a minor upset for the Brown football team (0-2, 0-1 Ivy League). Blessed with superb weather for its Homecoming game versus archrival Harvard University (2-0, 1-0), a poised Bears team came just short of ousting the Ivy League GAME NOTES champions, falling by a score of 26-24. It was a troubling defeat, as oft-inconsequential aspects of football — extra point kicks and a suspect penalty — decided a game that Brown played admirably and probably deserved to win. Usually just an afterthought, the extra point attempt would become crucial in Saturday’s contest. Brown failed to convert on every attempt for more points after a touchdown, causing them to score by multiples of six instead of seven. They missed an extra point kick, had one blocked, and failed on two 2-point conversions. “Those little things make such a big difference in a football game. It’s frustrating,” said Head Coach Phil Estes. see NOTES, page 12
The September 30, 2002 issue of the Brown Daily Herald