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another scale of globalisation CHARLIE KOOLHAAS ... the world and how we understand it is mediated increasingly by images. Culture creates the content. Learn to critcally reflect on visual culture and the tools you use. Invent your own lanaguage. PAGE 08


6 BK in Depth

GIANCARLO MAZZANTI Designer of the future

10/11 Research

REBUILD BY DESIGN Water defense in New York

11 Streets of BK

PROSPECTIVE STUDENTS What is your first impression of BKCity?




Daan Bruggink TU Delft Alumnus van het Jaar Bouwkundealumnus Daan Bruggink is op 11 oktober uitgeroepen tot TU Delft Alumnus van het Jaar. Bruggink is oprichter van het modern ecologische architectenbureau ORGA architect en is gespecialiseerd in biobased bouwen. De jury waardeerde het duurzame aspect van het bureau zeer, temeer dit ook tot een goedlopend bedrijf kan leiden. Bruggink ontving naast een bijzondere oorkonde, een persoonlijke prijs van tweeënhalfduizend euro. Ook mag hij een drie keer zo groot bedrag besteden aan een Delfts onderzoek naar keuze.

Lezing 'Architecture as Mechanism for Building Community' Dit jaar is Giancarlo Mazzanti uitgenodigd om de Designers of the Future-lezing te geven aan onze faculteit. Mazzanti is een toonaangevend architect van openbare werken in Colombia. Op woensdag 20 november zal hij spreken over architectuur die wordt gedefinieerd door haar functie en door het vermogen om gedrag te beïnvloeden. Gratis toegang, aanmelden via

De Bezetting 1972 Studeerde u in 1972 aan de TH en heeft u de studentenprotesten meegemaakt? Stylos maakt ter ere van haar lustrum een theatervoorstelling over deze roerige tijden en is hard op zoek naar informatie over de democratie in het algemeen en de bezetting van '72 specifiek. Het zou ze ontzettend helpen wanneer u uw ervaringen van toen en eventueel beeldmateriaal wilt delen. Was u toen student? Wilt u dan alstublieft mailen naar lustrumtheater@ Alle informatie is welkom!


It's no secret that the architecture profession has been hit hard by the economic turmoil of the past five years. Construction has more or less been brought to a halt and architectural firms have been slashed in size. With no clear signs of improvement, students are justifiably worried about their career options. Joris van Dijk and Maarten van Zutphen, students and former board members of Stylos, the study association of the Faculty of Architecture, counted themselves among the concerned. They organised a debate on The 3rd of October, lead by Eric Luiten, Nanne de Ru, Jan Pesman, Willem Hein Schenk, Harm Tilman and Hank Döll, in order to find out what students can do to help themselves. BY DAPHNE BAKKER BKCity - The evening got to a late start due to the small turnout. Each speaker received ten minutes to expound about what they consider to be the concerns and opportunities within the profession and where its future lies. While some of the points that were mentioned are familiar to most students, such as the economic and cultural shift from the West to the East and the growing market and need for sustainable architecture, some other important facts were also touched upon. It’s easy to assume that the current situation is a direct result of the economic crisis of 2008, but other factors have contributed to its massive impact and prolonged duration in the Netherlands, such as laws which define and structure the possibilities for architects. Compared to other Northern European nations, such as Germany, the Netherlands reserves little room for architects, limiting their powers and responsibilities and making them more dependent on other professions. This fact was brought up several times, but never discussed in depth. The students were more concerned about how education shapes their opportunities in the real world, raising the question of how to define and border architectural education. Not an easy feat within the architectural profession, which is paradoxical in nature. As Nanne de Ru, director of The Berlage and Powerhouse Company founder, put it: “You are both a specialist and a generalist at the same time.” Jan Pesman, from Cepezed,

advised students to become more specialized, honing the skills that they enjoy performing, whether it be rendering or solving technical problems. But the students noted that the education, especially the very broad Bachelor, provides little opportunity to develop specific skills. They also expressed a desire for the faculty to reflect the actual architectural profession, through internships and collaborations with companies and firms. Luiten noted the importance of protecting the academic nature of the education and that meant maintaining a certain boundary between the university and the market. The debate was lively, highly informative and in some instances even inspiring. It was clear that this form of direct communication, through which the participants learn to listen to others and also to defend themselves, should be implemented more often. Especially if we want future architects to take charge and change the system that has weakened the profession.

Shifts - Architecture after the 20th century Hans Ibelings and Powerhouse Company's publication 'Shift' illustrates the farreaching impacts of new economic circumstances on architecture’s recent past. The model above (by Christiaan van der Kooy) depicts the increasing trade deficit in the West and the trade growth in the BRIC nations.

NIEUWS 3 WRITING PLACE CONFERENCE “Writingplace – literary methods in architectural research and design” is the second international conference on Architecture and Fiction, and will be hosted by the Chair of Methods & Analysis at the Faculty of Architecture in Delft. The conference is named after the research platform Writingplace which aims to explore alternative ways of looking at architecture, urban places and landscapes through literary writing. The group was initiated by Klaske Havik, Jorge Mejía Hernández and former students of Explore Lab and the MSc2 City & Literature, and has grown into a wider group of architects and scholars interested in architecture and literature. It is a laboratory, where experiments take place; testing conventions and limits and transcending boundaries while gathering professional knowledge and understanding in the process.

professor of Critcal Theory, KTH Stockholm. Their work investigates how narrative, character development and the act of storytelling inspire architectural education, research and practice.

As the platform that supports it, this event will look at alternative ways of reading and designing architecture, urban places and landscapes through literary means. While the first conference on Architecture and Fiction (Once Upon a Place, Lisbon 2010), had a more general focus on the connections between architecture and literature, this conference will have the use of literary methods for architectural and urban research and design as a central topic. This is reflected in the choice of keynote speakers: Alberto Pérez-Gómez, professor of the History of Architecture at McGill University, Montréal, Wim van den Bergh, professor of Housing and Design at RWTH Aachen, Bart Keunen, professor in Comparative Literature at Ghent University and Katja Grillner,

The conference has invited researchers, architects and writers from the fields of architecture, urban planning and literary studies who are interested in or work on the connections between literature and the constitution of the built environment. Over the course of three days they will explore and debate the topic. (DB) BKCity, Berlage Rooms, 25-27 November 2013 For a full list of the speakers and to register for the lectures:


The Armentarium in Delft awaits a new function

Even though both Real Estate & Housing and RMIT are housed under the same roof, it took a trip to the Municipality to bring them together. When Ronald van Warmerdam from RE&H approached the Delft municipality to gather information for MSc1 course Design and Construction Management which focusses on the transformation of the Armamentarium, the former home of the Leger Museum, he was referred to his colleague Wido Quist, assistant professor in Building Conservation at RMIT: “They said, ask Wido, he knows everything.” Turns out RMIT was also using the Armamentarium as a

case study for its studios. Realizing the advantages of working together, both Warmerdam and Quist organized a joint lecture on the 11th of October. During the lecture, two students from each course gave a presentation on the findings related to their field of expertise. Though slow to start, at one point the students started engaging, bouncing questions off each other related to the various logistical, technical and programmatic possibilities and also restrictions presented by the site. Van Warmerdam explains: “It is

a very wonderful opportunity to exchange knowledge between our students, because they approach the subject from different vantage points. Both architects and project managers need information from a myriad of different fields in order to create a good design or project. The students can help and inspire each other.” While no definitive plans have been made, both van Warmerdam and Quist were pleased with their experiment and hope to repeat it or even intensify the collaboration in the near future. (DB)


Roombeek revisited Een paar weken geleden waren mijn lief en ik in Enschede. Een goede gelegenheid om de wijk Roombeek weer eens te bezoeken, bejubeld en geprezen vanwege de herbouw na de vuurwerkramp en gezien als een lichtend voorbeeld vanwege het grote aandeel particulier opdrachtgeverschap. Wij waren er op een zaterdag, rond de middag. Het eerste wat opviel was de serene rust. Museum Twentse Welle stond er pront bij maar er was geen mens te bekennen. Jammer genoeg was het gebouw ook een beetje aan het verslonzen. We dronken koffie in een uitgestorven café. Een mooi stukje hergebruik, dat wel. Van daaruit rechtsaf naar het winkelgebied. Godzijdank hier wel een paar mensen. Oversteken naar het park met het monument voor de ramp. Mooi gedaan, aangrijpend in zijn eenvoud. In het park een groep die door een duidelijk trotse gids wordt rondgeleid. Verder ligt het er verlaten bij. Eromheen de staalkaart van particulier opdrachtgeverschap. Hier en daar een oningevulde kavel. Bij een rondleiding, jaren geleden, sprak de gids met romantiek over de “wachtende wanden” als getuigen van het organische proces totdat er - snel, dacht hij – woningen op de kavels zouden komen. Het onkruid tiert er nu welig. Achter de wand villa’s met een “goudkustgevoel”: kleine kavels met net te grote huizen. Dit alles zal een flinke bulk werk voor architecten hebben opgeleverd. Al deze woningen schreeuwen het – ieder met verschillende stem - uit: “ik ben architectuur!” We komen bij het Cremer Museum, een prachtig gebouw. Kosten nog moeite zijn gespaard om het aan te passen aan z’n nieuwe functie. Doorgezaagd, opgevijzeld, glazen laag ertussen. Prachtige betonnen panelen met het karakteristieke beeld van “Ik, Jan Cremer” erin gegoten. Echt mooi! Maar hartstikke leeg. Naar verluidt is de collectie bij nader inzien niet groot genoeg om het gebouw te vullen. Er wordt door de woningbouwcorporatie (!) die het gebouw ontwikkeld heeft, gezocht naar een oplossing. Die is evenwel nog niet in zicht. Ik kan het niet helpen, maar het beeld van Roombeek als een reflectie van een te rijke tijd waarin een tikje onbezonnen een stedelijk probleem werd aangepakt door er vooral veel architectuur, cultuur en gemeenschapsgeld tegenaan te gooien, verrijkt met een flinke dot ideologie, laat me niet los. Leegstand is armoe, leerde ik ooit. Van tevoren nuchter nadenken over kritische massa en gebruik loont.


Street impression

PRÊT-Á-LOGER, PARIS 2014 BY JANE STORTELDER Assignment by US Department of Energy The Solar Decathlon started as an initiative of the US Department of Energy in 2002 to promote solar energy. Every two years teams battle against each other to win the given assignment. Since 2007 also Europe is also participating in the battle. Unfortunately, last time the ReVolt House didn’t make it to Madrid. But this summer the Prêt-á-Loger (Ready to live) team is certain to bring their design to Paris. This year the assignment is to design a zero energy house. Each team will develop their own ideas and concepts to a working 1:1 scale prototype. The design will be judged by the jury during different contests. Teams can score points for architecture, urbanism, marketing and sustainability for instance, but also for social impact. The Concept of a Skin The TU Delft Prêt-á-Loger team consists of a core of fifteen to twenty students, with representatives from different faculties. The concept to redesign an existing row house took months of discussion. In the end the row house fulfilled most of the criteria and the organization asked for an indigenous idea that represents the country. The fact that a number of other teams are using existing houses for their design proves that transformation is a dominant trend. Luckily every team is redesigning with different concepts. The Prêt-á-Loger team wants to preserve the existing structure of the neighborhood, lives of people and social aspects. They don’t want to interfere in the interior of the house. That’s why the team members came up with the skin concept: a skin will be wrapped around the house, providing insulation, generating energy and collecting water. It will be built in a modular system so the residents can select the parts

they like most. The project is situated in Honselersdijk, province of South Holland, which is known for its greenhouses and agricultural industries. They want to stand out by not only showing how people could possibly live in the future, but by showing how real people actually live, by telling their stories and memories. The residents of Honselaarsdijk are not yet involved in an active way but they know about the design. Soon an event will be organized where the team will talk to the residents, in order to listen to gain some feedback on how they want their environment to be improved and what they think about the ideas. Paris, Summer 2014 At this moment the team has passed the conception stage and is working towards the products for the 1st of November. At every deliverable stage they have to present a more and more updated progress. Now they are working on materiality and details. But the primary concern right now is to recruit partners. In Paris they have to build a fully operational model, so becoming a partner doesn’t only mean giving financial support, but also and maybe more importantly providing knowledge, materials and expertise. Emphasis lies on the term ‘partner’ rather than ‘sponsor’. It’s very important to hold on to the deadline. Three stand-by teams are ready to jump in if you can’t make it. But the Prêt-á-Loger team members are positive about their concept and design: they think that if they’ll make it to Paris, it is very plausible that they will score high. If the design succeeds, it has a massive potential, not only for an exhibition but also by making a real difference in the real world as we know it. It could have a huge impact with over two million row houses in the Netherlands.

If you want to join the team or become a partner, please visit You can also support the team by liking them on

Row house with the skin concept


DIY CITY: RMIT IN ACTION IN AMSTERDAM NIEUW-WEST Lidy Meijers (architect and assistant professor Restoration, Modification, Intervention, Transformation at TU Delft) and Oscar Vos (denieuwegeneratie architects) have a mission in common. They would like to bring education beyond the faculty walls and out into the real world. "It is important," says Lidy Meijers, "that students come into contact with new developments in the field of Architecture." BY BRIGITTE O'REGAN But what's new? Since the financial crisis of 2008, the major clients and commissions for architects and urbanists in the Netherlands have become rare and endangered species. Big real estate developers, public housing corporations and city councils don't have the generous budgets anymore to fund centrally conceived spatial visions or grand neighborhood scale building projects. So part of the answer to what's new in the field of Architecture, is the client, and with it, a whole new culture in and around the built environment. Oscar Vos makes a pertinent remark. "Perhaps product could be associated with high economy and process with low economy. Plainly said, when the money runs out process becomes the way to bring people into development." Welcome home civil society, the Netherlands is now yours. Or is it? The transition is by no means simple and the ways to get there have not yet been made clear. The role of the architect and professional practice is evolving and the level of adaptation to the changing circumstances will determine who will survive. It seems then crucial that students should develop tools to work professionally in this new era.

"We need you to provide us with non-standard solutions." Marloes van Loo, project manager for Podium Amsterdam Nieuw-West In pioneering spirit, the city council Amsterdam Nieuw-West is taking on the experiment. They have a number of school buildings that they want to offer to CPO (Collectief Particulier Opdrachtgeverschap - Collective Private Commission) to redevelop and transform into dwellings or other programs. The TU Delft and Oscar Vos approached Amsterdam Nieuw-West with a proposal to collaborate on researching the potential of these buildings. With the question, what is the best way to communicate with possible future users and civil redevelopers? "We need you to provide us with nonstandard solutions," says lively and articulate project manager for Podium in Nieuw-West, Marloes van Loo. The role of the architect is to be a communicator and a visionary. The students become a link between the council and the public, working in a top-down, bottom-up construction.

The assignment and interaction with the city council has three parts. The first was an excursion led by urbanists of Nieuw-West who work on the existing city plan and design for the areas where RMIT is engaged. In conversation with the urbanists students could make a direct link with the knowledge they have gathered in the study by debating and discussing an actual assignment with professionals in the field. The second part of the assignment was to present the possibilities of the school buildings to the public at a Self build event on the 12th of October in Amsterdam Nieuw West. The event is an opportunity for people to meet likeminded collaborators and to see what properties and allotments have been made available to them by the city council. The third part of the assignment will be to present the ideas that the students are developing to the city council. The purpose of the Self Build event, says Oscar Vos, is to gather data. Vos is a firm believer in co-creation. "We have to investigate what our common goals are together with the client. We should listen and we should translate. We are the ones with the knowledge about spaces for people on every scale but at the same time we need to be sociologists. We should research people and their behavior." For Lous Kleingeld, a recent RMIT graduate participating in the project, there are marked differences between the education and this real life work. The emphasis shifted very quickly from perhaps the technical drawing and analysis of the education to communication of a vision to captivate the imagination of people unschooled in architecture. In a very short time frame, less than two weeks, the students had to come up with three variations of three buildings they were assigned to work on. "You can do a lot of work in a short time if you want to, says Kleingeld, "Everybody took part in it and everyone had their own role. I saw that when everybody takes their role seriously it goes well. You have to start directly, not really knowing what you're going to do. It's real, in your study you can do whatever you want, because no one will care if it's meaningful or not. Here we really had to reach people." Meijers and Vos also find it important that stu-

Students Dorris Derksen, Karina Wilting, Inka Thoen, Lous Kleingeld, Manon Schotman en Elise Houdijk with their work at the self build event at the Meervaart, Amsterdam Nieuw-West

Students in conversation with potential clients at self build event

Project Leaders Lidy Meijers, architect and assitant professor RMIT and architect Oscar Vos, denieuwegeneratie architects Photography by Lun Liu, contact: dents learn about cost and use it as a design tool. They believe with this skill and knowledge of programming architects can offer the missing link in reactivating old neighborhoods and buildings. But when asked if this current climate is different for RMIT students, Lidy Meijers says no, "The task is transformation and that has always been our concern." DIY CITY TEAM AMSTERDAM NIEUW WEST Lidy Meijers, Oscar Vos, Evert van Imhoff, Lous Kleingeld Manon Schotman, Inka Thoen, Dorris Derksen, Ingeborg Kuijlaars, Karina Wilting, Elise Houdijk

6 BK IN DEPTH Giancarlo Mazzanti Mazzanti was born in Barranquilla, Colombia in 1963. He graduated with a degree in architecture from the Pontifical University in Javeriana, Bogotá in 1987. He received a graduate degree in history and theory of architecture and industrial design from the University of Florence, Italy in 1991. He spearheaded the urban transformation of Medellín with projects including the libraries León de Greiff and Biblioteca de España, and the coliseums for the 2010 South American Games. He received the first prize in the 2008 Ibero-American Architecture Biennial in Lisbon.

GIANCARLO MAZZANTI DESIGNER OF THE FUTURE This year Giancarlo Mazzanti, internationally renowned architect of public works in his native Colombia, will give the Designers of the Future lecture entitled: Architecture as Mechanism for Building Community. Mazzanti will speak about architecture that is defined by what it does and its capacity to change behavior. B Nieuws corresponded with Mazzanti in anticipation of his lecture on Wednesday the 20th of November 2013. BY DAPHNE BAKKER What are the skills that future architects will require? The ways of understanding and thinking about architecture and cities today can no longer be limited to a division between the various disciplines that handle this task. We believe in a more interdisciplinary approach. We gather the most diverse kinds professions to work together on developing models, forms and policies for architecture. The architect should learn how to take risks, to discover and develop projects, processes and designs utilizing different perspectives and approaches. Our ultimate goal is to create protocols which can deeply influence the physical and productive ways of understanding, and living in, the built environment. To do this we need to learn, and sample, from a wide range of disciplines like politics, economy, fashion, the culinary arts and more. Do you try to teach these skills to your students? At our office and in the academic environment there is always the intention to reflect on the phenomena that constitutes today’s architecture,the place of the architect in the contemporary world, and her/his roll as a world transformer. We encourage taking the risk to be creative and speculative. We advocate something in between a material practice and a specialization in researching everyday values. Such as repetition, the undetermined, the unfinished, the adaptive, the open, the unstable and the changing. This is a response to the constant movement of our time. We aim to develop skills which can take architecture to other levels. Architecture that is touched with the knowledge and proprieties originating in other disciplines. Has architectural development truly shifted to Asia and Latin America? Does the West, such as the US and Europe, still have a lot to offer? Necessity has made architecture become a mechanism of social inclusion. Researching the processes that are transforming urban

structures, in particular the public and common domain is today’s most prominent practice. Latin America and Asia are now urban laboratories for unique living experiences. They have become scenarios to look to for new solutions for contemporary challenges. Having said that, we, from el EQUIPO DE MAZZANTI, think that the US and Europe still have much to offer. The stagnation will stop when the societies begin to understand and explore the characteristics behind informality, and how this phenomena creates a new social, cultural and economic situation. Architecture will become a genuine power again, once it is able to read the everyday stories behind these new forms of city development, and the related forms of democracy and governance in the society they bring with them. What do you hope to communicate through your lecture in Delft? The main aim of the conference is to explain our position regarding architecture and design. We believe that architecture’s worth is based not only in itself but in what it produces, in its capacity to perform. We believe this capacity to perform is more important than the capacity to represent, this is why we are interested in architecture that is defined by what it does and not by its appearance. Essentially we construct new possibilities for social action with our work. We utilize happenings and relationships to develop forms, patterns and material organization in our architecture. We reject authoritarian and functional schemes, but prefer to stimulate new everyday interactions; an architecture that is capable of generating new behaviors and relationships. Encouraging people to behave mentally and physically in ways they would have never thought possible, is the central theme of our projects. 20 Novermber 2013 / BKCity, room A / 17:00 Entrance free of charge, please subscribe at


THE MASTER EVENT Are you planning to join the Master's programme in Architecture, Urbanism, Building Sciences or Geomatics? Having trouble finding your way through all the available tracks and studios? Then mark your calendar now for the coming master event at the architecture faculty! Programme for BSc students - 19 November 2013

Master Event Tu Delft, Aula - 21 November 2013

15.00 - 15.30

General information about the Master’s programme

Room A

15.35 - 15.55

Landscape Architecture

Room A

16.00 - 16.20


Room A

16.25 - 16.45

Real Estate & Housing

Room A

16.50 - 17.10


Room A

17.15 - 17.35

Building Technology

Room A

17.40 - 18.10


Room A

18.00 - 20.00

Information Market


More information MSc Architecture, Urbanism & Building Sciences:

For students from HBO, other universities and TU Delft students who are interested in doing a master at another faculty [switchers], i.e. BSc architecture students who are interested in a MSCcat Civil Engineering and Geosciences: 15:15 – 20:45: Information market 16.15 – 16.45: General Presentation of all Msc Programme TU Delft 17.00 – 20.15: Presentation Rounds of Msc Programme TU Delft

More information MSc Geomatics: masteropleidingen/geomatics/




From London, now based in Rotterdam. Charlie Koolhaas, sociologist, visual artist, curator, mother and visiting professor has lived over the past ten years in Guangzhou, China, Dubai and Houston, Texas. By exposing us to eye witness alternative narratives, Koolhaas' symbolically charged photography, strips bare our assumptions about the world. Through visual investigation Koolhaas questions the “truth” and asks us to pay attention to the details and informalities that show us a more nuanced version of reality. For Koolhaas, nothing is sacred, from notions of justice and human rights, to the division between east and west, democracy and the innate goodness of art. She sees potential and injustice everywhere. And would like to point out that globalization is not happening in the way we think. Now Koolhaas through her course “Visual Cultures”, part of the MSc3 Complex Projects program, is leading students in a similar investigation. Future architects are learning to understand the nature of their activity within visual culture, to question it and to develop alternatives. The following is a series of excerpts from a Skype interview on a rainy Sunday afternoon. Koolhaas' voice low, clear and melodious amid the crackling rain.

Charlie Koolhaas at work

Could you describe your course Visual Culture? Visual culture is the set of tools that allow you to describe content, and it therefore also creates the content. Architects have such a specific visual language. But somehow the sources that architects rely on for their research, images such as satellite pictures of cities, maps etc... they are often sourced from government agencies and are the same tools that facilitate things like surveillance. So then architectural information becomes politically skewed. But also these methods of visualization can make hugely diverse urban environments look the same, when they are not. Giving the false impression that urban culture is becoming homogenized.

"We are trying to encourage students to speculate about how you could talk about architecture in another language."

Spot the city?

With this course we are looking for a means of differentiation. We want to have a place not to talk about architecture. We're trying to say that there are all these other visual languages that can be used by the architect. We are trying to encourage students to speculate about how you could talk about architecture in another language. Could you create architectural research, for instance, that isn't given to you by the government or the census. Could you do as much by using other kinds of methods of investigation which are more personal or more human... or rely less on 'factual' information which in a sense architects always take for granted to be true. Students need to learn to question the facts that they present in their 'research'.

In your course you use philosophy and psychoanalysis. Thinkers such as Lacan and Žižek. How does this help students understand visual culture? The thing about Lacan is that he brings our creative ideas, our fantasies into government or how we are governed. There's politics in everything. In every image, in every experience, in every desire that we have. Every belief is determined by the political system in which we live. And therefore if you read images you have to read this politics into them. With Lacan what we talked about was the idea of the screen. Between us and what we see is this incredible system of understanding. From prehistory to the future there is this mechanism of seeing and what we are able to read. If you understand that mechanism, then you can come to understand what is missing and maybe see more and read more. You become slightly more self reflexive about what it is you are seeing or what you are representing. What role does the architect play in visual culture? I think the architect is increasingly important. The architect is a mediator between the top and the bottom in society. We are all involved in the visual world and all preoccupied with taste. Architects are determining what that world looks like. If you are an Couples pass each other on a beach in Dubai


architect you are in this unique position where you have to incorporate all the different elements of visual culture. You essentially determine the spaces and the environment of all other visual culture. It is therefore important that the architect has a wide understanding of visual culture. An architect can't be narrow anymore. How would you like to see architects change through awareness of visual culture? Somehow architecture is quite an insular profession even though it's so broad. Architects spend so much time in their offices, surrounded by architects preoccupied with architecture. And yet they have to create the spaces for everything, for every other activity that happens. But as a rule architects don't participate in any of those other activities. What we want to do with visual culture is not teach anyone anything new, it's about showing students what they have access to and taking it seriously. This is what I like about Žižek, that in the most superficial smallest detail are incredibly serious things. I'll quote Žižek, he says, "Masks are never really masks." In the surface is everything, everything underneath the surface is embedded in the surface. You could say that for architecture, it becomes a surface but everything goes into it. Could you reflect on how your own work informs your teaching? As a European, I think we seem to have developed this blasé attitude about the world, that everyone is becoming more like us. We've corrupted the world and the world is therefore becoming more like us. And we have to try and stop it from doing that. To help these other places remain "authentic". However if you actually go to places like China, you find that the dominant story that is told is totally and absolutely false. The visual evidence is contrary to these mainstream ideas. You then realize there is still a grand narrative, even though you're getting your information from so many different sources, there is still this one narrative. And you have to think what is the motive of this one narrative? So I discovered through travel that all of my expectations were wrong. At the same time I thought well what is the point of producing more images? It seemed pointless but also more important than ever to create images that help to question or stand in conflict with these mainstream but false narratives. I realized that this multiplicity of viewpoints hasn't created a multiplicity of narratives. So I try to show these alternative narratives in my work.

"We think we know the world because we have so much information. It has taught us to believe that we can know the world just from sitting in our living still need to go out and investigate for yourself. It's so important to be able to question the information you are using. " We think we know the world because we have so much information. It has taught us to believe that we can know the world just from sitting in our living rooms and that Google can teach everything we need to know. And in a way it can... it's a very exciting possibility... When we seek information we can come across an infinite number of images about the world and in that sense, our dominate form of information is visual. I see visual culture as making sense of this infinite stream of images that we have available to us. Because there's this false sense of truth in it we have to learn the tools to be skeptical and the tools to go out and find out for ourselves. That's what I mean about Architecture students, as much as a McKinsey report can tell us so much, you still need to go out and investigate for yourself. It's so important to be able to question the information you are using. Thank you for your time Charlie Koolhaas. It was a delight to talk with you today. Thank you. I'm really enjoying my time at the faculty. The students are so good, I am really amazed. These young architects are so incredibly ambitious and thoughtful. Their sincerity is exciting for me. It's been very rewarding for me as an artist to be part of this academic environment.





“God created the earth, but the Dutch created Holland”. The struggle against the water is - quite literally - the raison d’être of the Dutch. With all the knowledge we possess on water management, it comes as no surprise that the Netherlands have been asked to aide the US on its fight against the water in the areas hit by hurricane Sandy. BY MANON SCHOTMAN After Sandy caused tremendous damage to large parts of New York and New Jersey, president Obama initiated the Hurricane Sandy Rebuilding Task Force, in order to coordinate the reconstruction of the affected areas. Henk Ovink, a high-ranking Dutch official is now an advisor for the American secretary of Housing and Urban Development. Ovink organised an idea-competition with the aim to garner creative solutions from designers, engineers and other scientist: Rebuild by Design. Ten teams have been selected, among whom there were a lot of Dutch organisations, such as ZUS, Deltares and OMA. TU Delft, along with other Dutch and American partners, takes part in one of those teams, Interboro Partners. Within this team the TU Delft cooperates with dutch firms Palmbout Urban Landscapes, H+N+S Landscape architects, Bosch and Slabbers Landscape Architects and the Rebel group.


The graduation studio “Delta Interventions” which includes not just architecture and urbanism students, but also civil engineering students - has been linked to the project. Within the studio, students will chose an individual project and develop it. There are many alternatives and they are not bound to scale: from making a strategic design for the entire coastal region, designing a dam to protect the Hudson Bay, to realizing a design for a building that has a symbiotic relationship with the water. The Netherlands has a long and extensive tradition when it comes to the combination of urban development and water management. What can Americans learn from us? Anne Loes Nillesen, organiser of Delta Interventions and currently doing PhD research on this subject: “What we have learned in the last few years is that you can’t just paste one system over another area. Each delta requires a custom approach.” The Dutch system and American system differ greatly. “The Dutch system aims to minimize the risk that a flooding takes place. Embankments and

Delta Interventions studio: design for Rotterdam Rijnmond by Robert de Kort

Delta interventions studio: design for Rotterdam by Karlijn Klokhuis

Delta interventions studio: design for Hoekse Waard by NaiLi Zhao


Flooding caused by Sandy

barriers have been implemented to keep the water away. But when these fail, the repercussions will be devastating.” The US strategy is to minimize the effects as much as possible. A flood is more likely to occur because the safety standards are lower, but there are a lot of measures in place to combat the effects, such as elaborate evacuation programs.

Meyer puts forward the example of Nijmegen, where the “Ruimte voor de Rivier” (“Room for the River”) programme was implemented. Instead of raising the dike once more, an approach was chosen where the river’s width could be expanded. In order to make it happen, an entire neighbourhood that had been planned had to be moved and redesigned. Meyer: “At first the Nijmegen city counsel didn’t like the idea at all. A lot of water had to pass under the bridge before they finally agreed on it [laughs].” Meyer refers to a recent interview with the alderman of Nijmegen who said he was very happy with the way it eventually turned out. It improved the quality of the place, both for the neighbourhood that was redesigned, and for the city. A whole new park was realised next to the river. The Waal became much more a part of the city.” It is examples like these that the team can use for their assignment in New York. “This way of thinking can get you very far in the New York delta.”


When one listens to Nillesen and Han Meyer, who are both leading the graduation studio Delta Interventions, you’ll be likely to get the impression that the Netherlands can learn from the American system as well. The term “layered security system” is mentioned. Such a system will not only manage the chance that a flood can occur, but also focuses on the effects in case catastrophe strikes. Such an effect-minimizing strategy can have a positive effect on spatial qualities. But there are more reasons to reconsider the approach to flood-safety, especially in urbanized areas. Sometimes it makes more sense to create more space for the river instead of enforcing the dikes. To illustrate, Meyer mentions the example of dike raisings, which will result in high barriers between the city and the river. Just one example of where safety is preserved at the expense of quality of living. With another security system it would be possible to enhance the relation between the city and the water. But alternative plans have quite often proven to be expensive. Meyer: “We have to look at the costs, but also take possible revenues into account. Maybe the land will be worth more if the view to the water is preserved. The tricky part is that these kinds of revenues are difficult to express in hard numbers. It is so much easier to calculate the costs of dike-raising per meter.”

Anne Loes Nillesen and the students attending the Delta Interventions studio have just returned from an excursion to the area. Nillesen: "We visited several locations in the New York and New Jersey region and are inspired to work on qualitative flood risk solutions for the area”.




Breda's harbor, restored in 2006

Since the fifties, the historic urban core has experienced many developments. While this part of the city was largely ignored in post wartime Europe, a stark shift towards the appreciation of its historical value has taken place over the past three decades. Large scale facilities have slowly moved towards the periphery of the city, ensuring that the urban core can be protected against demolition and destruction. At this moment the future of the original urban settlement, which was shaped by a non-industrial economy, becomes uncertain because of financial cuts in public funding for the area. The retired Wout van der Toorn Vrijthoff sat down with BNieuws and shared his fascination for the urban core and its importance to historical urban development.

BY JANE STORTELDER Lead by his passion for this area, Wout van der Toorn Vrijthoff, along with Vincent Nadin, Eric Luiten and the University of New Castle and Dublin, has developed a research proposal. The project’s objective is to compare the planning and management approach in the different countries concerning the historic urban core. Motivated by the initiative of fifteen European countries to fund projects regarding cultural heritage, van der Toorn Vrijthoff submitted a widely praised proposal entitled “A Sustainable Future for the Historic Urban Core (SHUC)”. The two year project will have its start this November. Dutch local governments see their historic urban core as their trademark based on public high valued characteristics: for example identity, authenticity, sense of place and history, distinctiveness, and historic continuity. Local governments adopted the task to conserve those authentic characteristics of the historic urban core. However, the banking crisis and increasingly neoliberal government policies have constrained public spending, together with privatization and deregulation. Along with reduction of specialists in the civil service and sale of social real estate in the historic cores also presents serious challenges for the management of the cultural asset of the historic urban core. They also reduce the amount of civil servants and try to sell the real estate they own in the historic urban core. Instead of focusing on the unique, historical value of the core, this short-term strategy is led by a need to cut costs. The value of the historic urban core is difficult to quantify, but recent developments have shown that urban growth is concentrated around cities with a historic

center. If it is possible to prove that public investments in conservation, reconstruction and well-balanced interventions in the urban core, generates financial gains, then it may result in a different course of action within local policy. An example of this development is the restoration of the Breda Harbor, an initiative that took root before the financial crisis struck. The harbor was filled in 1964 for the purpose of making the city more car-friendly, even though Breda’s more than seven hundred year old raison d’etre stemmed from its water bound trade. For Van der Toorn Vrijthoff, the most fascinating aspect of the historic urban core is its unique nature. “It is a momentously difficult task. Each building has a different owner and it is a multifunctional area that developed organically and on a relatively small scale - quite the opposite from for example the postwar suburbs, which are easier to develop. Besides, historic urban cores are singular. They can’t just be erased and replaced.” One of the questions to answer within the scope of the project is: “To what extent are models and methods of managing the historic urban core transferable between countries, and what scope is there for effective policy transfer?” Initially focusing on the Netherlands, Great Britain and Ireland, the final report will be discussed in a broader European context, whereby southern European countries are also invited to participate.




Architect Ronny Lobo, afgestudeerd aan de faculteit Bouwkunde in 1978, verzamelde in het contact met opdrachtgevers zoveel verhalen, dat hij besloot er een roman over te schrijven. Het boek, Bouwen op drijfzand, is op 8 oktober jl. verschenen bij uitgeverij In de Knipscheer. Het boek is bij Waltman verkrijgbaar.

DOOR MANON SCHOTMAN “Op Curaçao en Bonaire ontwerp ik veel woningen voor particuliere opdrachtgevers, vaak voor Nederlandse echtparen. Als architect bouw je een relatie op met je opdrachtgevers, en vaak is dat ook goed voor het ontwerp. Over die relatie gaat mijn roman, ‘Bouwen op drijfzand’. Het boek is voor een belangrijk deel autobiografisch. Toen ik begon met studeren stond het faculteitsgebouw van Bakema aan het Mekelpark er nog maar net. Bakema was een van de grote namen die in die tijd met de faculteit verbonden waren. Andere grootheden waren Herman Hertzberger en Aldo van Eyck, mijn idool. Van Eyck bracht een humanistische grondslag in de architectuur. Ik pas die humanistische principes ook toe in de gebouwen die ik ontwerp in het Caraïbisch gebied, ook al zien

ze er heel anders uit dan gebouwen die je in Nederland zou maken. Dat maakt niet uit: het gaat er niet om welke vorm je kiest. Vorm staat op de tweede plaats, dat leerden wij toen. Op de eerste plaats staan intermenselijke relaties, daar komt de vorm vanzelf uit voort. Bij veel hedendaagse architecten zie je veel ‘vormwil’; zo noemden wij dat destijds. Ze maken een bepaalde vorm en stoppen daar vervolgens het programma in. Dat mocht in mijn tijd absoluut niet: als er teveel vormwil in je gebouw zat, kreeg je een onvoldoende. In mijn eigen gebouwen gebruik ik veel kleur, zoals Aldo van Eyck dat ook deed in het Moederhuis in Amsterdam [aan de Plantage Middenlaan, red.]. Kleur is heel belangrijk voor mensen, iedereen heeft kleur nodig. De hoofdpersoon in mijn boek is een architect die woningen ontwerpt in het Caraïbisch

gebied, net als ik. Een van mijn opdrachtgevers, een moeilijke man, komt er zelfs letterlijk in voor. Zelfs zijn voornaam klopt. Als het boek een bestseller wordt, en die man leest het, dan zal hij bepaalde details waarschijnlijk niet zo leuk vinden. De architect in het boek raakt verwikkeld in een liefdesrelatie met een van zijn opdrachtgeefsters. Dat gedeelte is niet autobiografisch, zo spannend is mijn leven niet geweest. [lacht]”.



Deep-rooted sentiments? Interesting views? Use forum as your discussion platform! Send your articles and letters to React on!

EXHIBITION: DOGMA 11 PROJECTS + 1 comprehensive domain in which architectural form, the political and the city are reclaimed as one ‘field’. In this context Dogma uses the quintessential tools of architecture; both drawing and text.



Vorige week was ik op de CCUPD Conference waar John Habraken grappend tot ons sprak over zijn werk: “When I finished the book fifty years ago, I thought everybody would read it and I could go back to architecture.” Sinds 2008 zijn Nederlanders zo’n dertig procent minder tijd aan lezen gaan besteden, en het dieptepunt wordt vooral bereikt door de jongere generatie (ja, dat zijn wij). Terwijl we het lezen verleren, wordt ook de rijkdom van kennis vergeten die onze voorouders en tijdgenoten hebben vastgelegd in schrift. Hoe kunnen we innovatief zijn, als we niet weten wat we innoveren? Als we niet bestuderen wat er ons voor is gegaan? Ik vrees voor de nieuwe taal van de bouwkunde student: de taal van lege woorden. Deze woorden accepteert iedereen, en ja, dat maakt het natuurlijk makkelijk praten, communiceren en het draagt ook nog bij aan een fijne sociale cohesie. En zo belanden we langzaam in een zelfverheerlijkende bubbel, steeds verder verwijderd van universitaire kennis enerzijds en de wereld van de praktijk anderzijds. Tijd, nee, dat hebben we niet. Wij zijn de generatie van de surfende student, die dankzij de rijkdom van het virtuele netwerk van alles een beetje weet. Zijn wij de generatie studenten die nooit een duik in het diepe durven te nemen?

Due to a lack of available exhibition space within BK City the organizing exhibition committee proposed to house the exposition in a temporary pavilion. It consists of standard box-units, which are mutually connected, creating a central passage with exhibition rooms alternating on each side of the passage. The 12 selected projects are presented in four rooms, each containing three projects.

Stop City (2007), copyright Dogma

On Thursday 31st of October 'DOGMA 11 projects + 1' will be opened In a temporary pavilion on the car park east to BK City. The exposition shows a dozen speculative and theoretical proposals developed from 2002-12 by the Brussels-based office Dogma. Their drawings, books and studies will be exhibited till the end of November in an exposition space constructed for this special occasion. So please come over, visit and take a look! Initially Pier Vittorio Aureli and Martino Tattara founded their architecture and research studio Dogma in Rotterdam. Both Italian architects studied at the former Berlage Institute in Rotterdam and obtained a PhD with great interest in the relationship between architecture and large-scale urban design. For the past ten years Dogma has focused almost exclusively on large-scale projects such as citywide interventions. Their projects venture


We hebben geen tijd. Is de zondebok Instagram, 9gag of is het Facebook, waaraan we gemiddeld zeven uur per week spenderen? Alles moet snel en in hapklare brokken worden voorgeschoteld. Gelukkig voorzien Google, Wikipedia en Studeersnel. nl ruimschoots in deze behoefte van kennisconsumptie. En gelukkig stellen we iedereen tevreden met het gegooi met woorden, het liefst in een pseudo-intellectueel jasje. Ik heb het over de verheerlijking van ‘de integrale sustainability’, die de massa en de ruimte definieert in het iconische concept van mixed-use, in de menselijke maat van de sprekende gevel verankerd in het stedelijk weefsel door middel van verticale, horizontale en diagonale zichtlijnen om bij te dragen aan de leefbaarheid en flexibiliteit’. Wat is de ware betekenis van deze woorden en waarom zijn deze onderwerpen van belang bij het vormgeven van de bebouwde omgeving?

beyond mere physical size to expand conceptual frameworks that radically rethink architecture. Next to running their office, both Aureli and Tattara teach and lecture in different architecture schools in Europe and in the USA. Currently Aureli teaches at the AA in London, where Dogma was asked to present their work earlier this year. The '11 projects' exhibition was on display at Bedford Square during February and March. Before the summer, the Department of Architecture at the TU Delft contacted both Dogma and the AA and proposed to bring the exhibition to Delft.

Starting with Dogma the intention is to develop a series of exhibitions, by inviting both upcoming and established offices to present their work in Delft and to reflect on their projects. To confront the faculty members with the different positions architects take, and develop, these days, is an important task for our faculty. We hope to establish an a lively exhibition environment as it was once before in the former faculty building.

HENK ENGEL , TESSA WIJTMANBERKMAN EN FLORIS VAN DER ZEE DOGMA 11 projects + 1 1 – 29 November / Mo – Fri: 9h – 17h Exhibition Pavilion (car park east to BK City) OPENING: 31.10.13 /16h00 Espressobar

The exhibition in Delft features one additional project and explores 12 works, which range from speculative and theoretical proposals to investigations that question today’s modes of housing. Collectively, these designs present the DOGMA ethos: to see the urban project as a

Intoduction by Pier Vittorio Aureli

CALL FOR STUDENTS! Sign up as attendant/wachtman and receive a book voucher (€ 25,-) for each session (4h). Subscribe at Stylos.



Jasper, 5 VWO - Groningen I didn’t really like the outside of the building; luckily the inside is slightly better. The atmosphere is good, but I'm going to look around a bit more. I have also been to IO but I think I’m going to choose Architecture.

Geert-Jan, 6 VWO – Barneveld I think the models and buildings in the Orange hall look all very interesting. When I see those, I really want to design something myself. My impression is positive, but I am still doubting between BK and IO. But I like the faculty and I can see myself walking around here.

Wouter, 6 VWO – Amersfoort I already visited TB, so that’s very different from Architecture but I’m open to anything. It takes some time getting used to this new environment, because everything is so huge! I wonder if the faculty is not too big and if the teachers have enough contact with their students. TU Twente is, for example, more local. I think that will fit me better. Yet the TU Delft is better known, so I don’t know what I will choose.

COLOFON B Nieuws is a four-weekly periodical of the Faculty of Architecture, TU Delft. Faculty of Architecture, BK City, Delft University of Technology Julianalaan 134, 2628 BL Delft room BG.Midden.140

Phong, 5 VWO – Groningen When we walked up to the building, I found it very old and maybe even ugly, but the inside is rather beautiful! My impression is positive, it could be an option for me but I don’t know yet. I have to walk around a little bit more to get a better impression. Editor-in-chief Manon Schotman Editorial Board Edo Beerda Daphne Bakker Jane Stortelder Brigitte O'Regan

Tamara, 5 VWO – Culomborg We just came from the Aula and fortunately this building is much nicer! The other was just like a retirement home. I think the Orange Hall is very beautiful and the atmosphere is good. My impression is positive but I am still undecided.

Esmée, 6 VWO – Breda Last year I visited IO , but I didn’t quite like it. That’s why I am visiting Architecture now. The introduction lecture was good and I think I have a clear picture about the study now. As I expected it is very creative and technical at the same time and that’s exactly what I am looking for. My first impression is positive!

Cover illustration Editorial Advice Board Party at a renowned gallery in Marcello Soeleman London, by Charlie Koolhaas Sue van de Giessen Inge Pit Robert Nottrot Contributors Linda de Vos Karin Laglas Pierijn van der Putt Soscha Monteiro de Jesus Floris van der Zee Anna Wojcik Lun Liu Print Christian van der Kooy Drukkerij Tan Heck, Delft

Tessa, 5 VWO – Culomborg My first impression is more positive than I expected. I would really like to study Architecture and I get the impressions that it is a very broad study. I find the building with all its colors beautiful. It's also a bit confusing, but maybe that’s because of the Open House.

Jasper, 6 VWO – Nijkerk I really like the idea of having an old building as a faculty. For example in Eindhoven everything is much more modern. Yet of course this is not a decisive factor. I get the idea that the study focuses more on working with models and materials, rather than working with the computer. I would want to do both, I think.

Next deadline 2 November 2013, 12.00 PM B Nieuws 04, December 2013 Illustrations only in *.tif, *.eps or *.jpg format, min 300 dpi Unsolicited articles can have a maximum of 500 words, announcements 50 words. The editorial board has the right to shorten and edit articles, or to refuse articles

that have an insinuating, discriminatory or vindicatory character, or contain unnecessary coarse language. The editorial board informs the author(s) concerning the reason for it’s decision, directly after is has been made.



WEEK 44 Thesis Defence

Mariette Heemskerk: Bestuurdersgeheimen 29.10.2013 "Bestuurdersgeheimen. Over samenhang tussen leiderschapsrollen van bestuurders, strategische profilen en prestaties van woningcorporaties" | Promotor 1: V.H. Gruis (Bk), Promotor 2: Prof.dr. J.L.A. Geurts (U. van Tilburg) TU Delft. Aula / 15:00

WEEK 46 Lecture

From Wunderkammer to Muse-ology, some reflections 11.11.2013 The Berlage Center for Advanced Studies in Architecture and Urban Design will present a public lecture, entitled ‘From Wunderkammer to Muse-ology, some reflections’ by Patrick Healy. BKCity, Berlage Room / 11:30


How do You Landscape? Environmental Design 29.10.2013 On 29 October, Christian Waldvogel and Andy Thomson will give a lecture in the series 'How do You Landscape? Environmental Design'. This time the theme is ‘Environmental Design’: how can landscape design contribute to sustainable solutions for the built environment? BKCity, 01.west.550 / 16:00 18:30


ADHD XIV: Shop till you drop 29.10.2013 Om van de Grote Marktstraat een aantrekkelijke winkelboulevard te maken met internationale allure wordt de komende jaren flink geïnvesteerd in het gebied. Daarvan getuigen de bouwprojecten De Markies, Amadeus, Nieuwe Haagse Passage en Sijthoff City. Er komen honderden vierkante meters winkelruimte bij, waarvan een deel al is verhuurd (o.m. aan Primark, Marks & Spencer en Miss Etam). Hoeveel winkels kunnen wij als consumenten en als stad eigenlijk aan? Den Haag, Het Nutshuis / 20:00 / RSVP


Master Class

The Idol Tower

WEEK 45 Thesis Defence

Sabine Jansen: Exergy 05.10.2013 "Exergy in the built environment. The added value of exergy in the assessment and development of energy systems for the built environment" | Promotor 1: Prof. ir. P.G. Luscuere (Bk), promotor 2: A.A.J.F. vd Dobbelsteen (Bk) TU Delft. Aula / 10:00 01_Kop Kleur

02_Kop Zwart

03_DATUM Thesis Defence 04_Plat Chiu-Yuan Wang: China 05_Info 06.10.2013 06_Web "Between Flexibility and Reliability. Changing Planning 01_Kop Cultures Kleur in China" | Promotor 1: 02_Kop H.C.Zwart Bekkering (Bk), 03_DATUM Promotor 2: Prof.dr. C.J Hsia 04_Plat (Nat. Taiwan Univ.) 05_Info TU Delft. Aula / 12:30 06_Web

11.11.2013 - 22.11.2013 The Berlage Center for Advanced Studies in Architecture and Urban Design presents a Master Class led by Madelon Vriesendorp, in cooperation with Filip Geerts, Sylvia Libedinski, and Mark Pimlott. Participants will construct an encyclopedic collection of admirations and aspirations, analysing and experimenting with the things that peek their curiosity. This Master Class is open to a limited number of participants, submit your portfolio before 20 October. BKCity


The Idol Tower 14.11.2013 The Berlage Center for Advanced Studies in Architecture and Urban Design will present a public lecture, entitled ‘The Idol Tower’ by Madelon Vriesendorp. BKCity,Oost serre / 18:30


Klaus Overmeyer Guest Urban Critic 25.11.2013 Klaus Overmeyer (Urban Catalysts) uit Berlijn geeft als Guest Urban Critic 2013 zijn keynote-lezing. Vanuit zijn kennis en ervaring in Berlijn is hij naar Rotterdam uitgenodigd. Tijdelijk gebruik, bottom-up organisatie en gebruikersinitiatief zijn het vertrekpunt. Maar hoe groeit dat door in ondernemerschap en bestendigheid? Hoe krijgt het betekenis voor de structuur van de stad? Daarvoor moeten we werken aan verbindingen tussen informeel en formeel, micro en macro, institutioneel en initiatief. Klaus Overmeyer leert ons de common ground te zien, waar de stad van morgen concreet wordt. Rotterdam Erasmus Paviljoen, Campus Woudestein /20:00 / RSVP


Building Materials & Innovation Congress On the 31st of October 2013, the Building Materials & Innovation Congress is to be held in the Aula of the TU Delft. The conference will closely examine new developments and opportunities in the field of building materials. The objective of the congress is to optimise the use of materials.


Lee Friedlander - America by Car 31 October 2013 | 11:15 - 17:00 location: TU Delft, Aula Congress Centre

FOAM / till 11.12.13

de Singel Antwerp / till 05.01.14

Bureau Bas Smets Landschappen

The Chanel Legend

Gemeentemuseum Den Haag / till 02.02.14

Kazimir Malevich and the Russian Avant-garde

Stedelijk Museum /19.10.13 - 02.02.14

B nieuws 03 2013 2014  

Charlie Koolhaas Giancarlo Mazzanti Rebuild by Design

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