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B NIEUWS

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PERIODIEK VAN DE FACULTEIT BOUWKUNDE | TU DELFT

INHOUD 2/3 Nieuws FSR Bouwkunde Moving Architecture Exhibition: Vertical Village Column: Karin Laglas

4 Review X marks the spot for a new agenda On X Agendas for architecture

5 Review Kritiek en maatschappij Over de gewonnen CICA awards

6/7 BK in Depth Designer of the Future: Heinrich Wolff Architecture at a time of social change

8/9 Project The urban food cycle By Gwendolyn Huisman

10/11 Research Concept House Funding

12/13 BK in Focus Revolving House Great New Heights, Update Herijking

14 Forum Riedijk, Smaakdebat en Psychologie door Paul de Vries Column: Robert Nottrot Cartoon: Thomas de Bos

15 Streets of BK What is your back-up plan?

16 Agenda Sportlight: Archiprix 2012, TU Delft selection

6/7 HEINRICH WOLFF: "THERE IS NOT ONE RECIPE FOR ARCHITECTS TO ENGAGE WITH SOCIAL CHANGE"


2 NIEUWS KORT NIEUWS

Do you have an idea to make the campus sustainable? All of us want our campus to become more sustainable, right? Well, by submitting ideas and investing in other ideas you help us find possibilities to make it happen. By playing The Game, students can generate and share ideas on how to make the TU Delft campus more sustainable. The Game is an interactive trading game, where participants invest in other ideas with virtual money.

energyclub.nl/thegame/about. php

Voorselectie Archiprix Van 31 oktober t/m 15 november 2011 worden de beste afstudeerplannen van de faculteit Bouwkunde van het collegejaar 2010-2011 tentoongesteld in BK City. Een jury kiest uit deze voorselectie 9 plannen die de faculteit Bouwkunde zullen vertegenwoordigen bij de landelijke Archiprix.

bk.tudelft.nl

Na 12 jaar en 6 decanen: vertrek Herman Schoffelen

B NIEUWS 03 31 OKTOBER 2011

FSR 12 2011/20

FSR BOUWKUNDE

Vanaf linksboven met de klok mee: Martijn Lugten (voorzitter), Ijtsoen Fon (bachelor/ promo), Lizet Krabbenborg (secretaris), Ruben de Ruiter (bachelor), Christiaan Maat (gebouw), Martin Meijerrathken (master), Jolien de Jager (master/officieel), Quirine van Wijngaarden (vicevoorzitter/officieel), Anne-Linde van Gameren (bachelor/promo)

ALS JE BIJ HET LEZEN VAN DE AFKORTING FSR ALS EERSTE DENKT AAN DE REVOLUTIONAIRE SPAANSE POLITIEKE PARTIJ FRENTE SINDICALISTA REVOLUCIONARIO OF AAN HET POOLSE AUTOMERK FABRYKA SAMOCHODÓW ROLNICZYCH DAN IS HET ZEKER DAT JE NIET WEET WAAR JE NAARTOE MOET ALS JE INVLOED WILT UITOEFENEN OP HET ONDERWIJSSYSTEEM AAN DE FACULTEIT. FSR STAAT NAMELIJK VOOR FACULTAIRE STUDENTENRAAD, DE VERKOZEN STUDENTENVERTEGENWOORDIGING VAN DE FACULTEIT MET ERG VEEL (MOGELIJKE) INVLOED OP HET FACULTEITSBESTUUR.

Faculteitssecretaris Herman Schoffelen verlaat na bijna 25 jaar de faculteit Bouwkunde. Per 1 januari 2012 start hij in een nieuwe functie als kwartiermaker op het gebied van de bouwsector voor het nieuw te vormen 'Network Innovation & Research Affairs' bij de dienst Instellingsbeleid TU Delft. Lees het afscheidsinterview op

BKCity — De facultaire studentenraad wordt elk jaar opnieuw gekozen en kan op vier verschillende terreinen zijn invloed laten gelden. De commissies ‘bachelor’ en ‘master’ oefenen invloed uit op de kwaliteit van het bachelor- en masteronderwijs, de commissie ‘gebouw’ gaat over de faciliteiten van de faculteit en de commissie ‘officieel’ houdt zich onder andere bezig met de begroting van de faculteit.

medewerkers.tudelft.nl/bk

De FSR heeft in de afgelopen jaren al voor elkaar gekregen dat de maquettehal langer open is en dat het ketelhuis is aangepast. Ook de magnetrons die sinds kort menig warme studentenmaaltijd verzorgen zijn een resultaat van het werk van de FSR. Maar ook in de wat minder zichtbare zaken heeft de FSR een stem. De raad denkt bijvoorbeeld mee over de vragen die moeten worden gesteld aan de nieuwe eerstejaars bij de decentrale selectie en bovendien denken de raadsleden mee over de bachelorhervormingen die op het programma staan.

Polis to organise excursion Liege -Maastricht Polis - the student practice organisation for master students Urbanism – is to organise an excursion to Maastricht and Liege on 23 and 24 November. For only 40 euros you will get transport, your hostel, a workshop and much more. Sign up now!

polistudelft.nl/events/excursionto-maastricht-and-liege/

Om hun invloed binnen het faculteitsbestuur te laten gelden, heeft de FSR drie middelen. De FSR kan zijn instemmingsrecht gebruiken om bepaalde plannen tegen te houden die

voor studenten niet acceptabel zijn: als de FSR niet instemt, gaat het plan niet door. Hiernaast gebruikt de FSR zijn adviesrecht om advies te geven aan het bestuur, bijvoorbeeld over de begroting van de faculteit. Bovendien heeft de FSR initiatiefrecht, waarmee de leden zelf punten van verbetering kunnen inbrengen over het onderwijs en de voorzieningen. Om te weten wat er onder de studenten leeft, heeft de FSR input nodig. Deze krijgt zij onder andere via Stylos en de onderwijscommissie, maar studenten kunnen ook direct bij de FSR terecht als zij iets aan het bestaande onderwijssysteem willen veranderen of hun onvrede over het onderwijs of andere facultaire zaken willen uiten. De FSR heeft een eigen ruimte binnen de faculteit waar men aan kan kloppen maar studenten kunnen de FSR ook een mailtje sturen of vinden op Facebook. (MS)

Contact FSR FSR in BKCity: BG+. Oost.080 E-mail: fsrbouwkunde@gmail.com Facebook: facebook.com/fsrbouwkunde


NIEUWS 3 MOVING ARCHITECTURE

COLUMN

MICHEL BUIJSEN, UNTIL RECENTLY A STUDENT AT OUR FACULTY, HAS A KEEN INTEREST IN TRUSSES, AND FOR HIS BUILDING TECHNOLOGY GRADUATION PROJECT HE EXPLORED THE POSSIBILITIES OF DYNAMIC ARCHITECTURE. WITH HIS ‘DYNAMIC SPACE FRAME STRUCTURE’ HE HAS WON THE SECOND PRIZE IN THE STUDENTENSTAALPRIJS (STUDENT STEEL PRICE) CONTEST, THE PRESENTATION OF WHICH WAS HELD AT THE 6TH OF OCTOBER AT THE NATIONALE STAALBOUWDAG (NATIONAL STEEL DAY). DELFT — Michel primarily focused on the feasibility of the construction of a moving truss. Designing a dynamic truss that doesn’t have too much eccentric forces exercising on it turned out to be difficult, but not impossible. Michel found the solution in a model that is able to move in three different directions, while having as little moving parts as possible. He kept the lower part of the construction dimensionally stable, resulting in a truss that is able to take on a convex or concave shape, as is shown in the image above. The design project started out as a utopian idea, Michel explains, but he is gradually discovering the

possible practical applications of it. One could think of sustainable applications in facades that follow the movements of the sun or changing weather conditions such as the wind. Also, dynamic architecture could be an appealing solution to buildings that are exposed to earthquakes; the moving part of the building could take on the forces that are exercised on it in order to spare the rest of the building from the influence of these forces.

Michel is planning to further develop the model, but he thinks that the future developments will be driven by demand. The demand will probably be generated by the architectural practice that is looking for an innovative design for a dynamic element, such as a façade, a roof or a canopy. When this happens, Michel has already taken the first steps in working towards an actual design of the idea of moving architecture, which is gradually becoming less utopian and more concrete. (MS)

For more info: m.buijsen@gmail.com nationalestaalbouwdag.nl/ studenten

EXHIBITION: VERTICAL VILLAGE WE ARE ALL FAMILIAR WITH SERIES OF WHITE LEGO MODELS IN FRONT OF THE WHY FACTORY’S OWN VERTICAL VILLAGE, BUT MOST PROBABLY YOU WILL REMEMBER THE DAZZLING COLORED TOWERS FROM A FEW MONTHS EARLIER AS WELL. BY NOW THEY ARE EXHIBITED IN 'THE VERTICAL VILLAGE' EXPOSITION AT A TEMPORARY MUSEUM IN TAIPEI, TAIWAN. TAIPEI — In 2008 the JUT foundation, a Taiwanese art and architecture foundation, asked MVRDV and T?F to develop a concept for a temporary “Museum of Tomorrow” on a vacant building site in the Asian metropolis. This was the perfect opportunity for MVRDV and T?F to join forces in order to critically question the consequences of the current rapid urbanization all over Asia. In all major cities one can witness how repetitive urban blocks, without any architectural quality worth mentioning, replace the existing so-called urban villages. The aim was to find an alternative typology

The Vertical Village Exhibition untill 8 January 2012, Chung Shan Creative Hub, Taipei. Publication under the same title available from January 2012 at NAi Publishers

Models, investigating evolution

that could still adopt the process of urbanization and at the same time adapt the qualities of the urban village. The result was the idea of a vertical village as a radical new form of bottom-up urbanization. Various studio's and workshops, with students from Taiwan and Indonesia as well as from the TU Delft and the Berlage Institute, explored the possibilities of an evolutionary vertical urbanization process. It resulted in the exhibition, where one can see the outcomes of two years of work on this concept. Next to the impressive models that are shown, the visitors can test two computer programs which have been developed to provide an insight in how the proposed model could operate in reality. The Housemaker© gives hypothetical future inhabitants the opportunity to design their own

house within the structure of the vertical village, while in the Villagemaker© one could explore the consequences of different parameters. This program was developed in collaboration with the TOI department. It shows the interrelations between, for example the required level of privacy, number of inhabitants and amount of square meters per apartment. To illustrate the potential of this Ulf Hackauf, researcher at The Why Factory, explains: “With these tools we offer inhabitants a lot more freedom to organize their own living environment. Where in the current block architecture you are only able to change the interior, the vertical village could give you the possibility to change your house, extend it in the future or even start an bakery at the fifth floor.” (FvdZ)

Creatieve industrie Het kabinet wil voor de economische ontwikkeling van ons land inzetten op 10 topsectoren. Naast een aantal ‘gouwe ouwe’ – water, energie, agrobusiness - is ook de ‘creatieve industrie’ benoemd tot een van die topsectoren. Vanzelfsprekend kijken wij bij Bouwkunde met gretigheid naar dit overheidsbeleid. Voor economische ontwikkeling is immers kennisontwikkeling en opleiding nodig. En laat dat nou net onze ‘core business’ zijn. Dus moeten we boven op die topsectoren springen. De creatieve industrie is een nieuw geïdentificeerde sector. Een sector die een samenraapsel is van een bonte verzameling activiteiten. Kunst, media, gaming, apps, mode, fotografie, film, reclame, muziek en o ja, ook design en architectuur. Creativiteit, ontwerpen en ondernemerschap zijn hierbij de gemeenschappelijke noemer. Opmerkelijk is dat ICT en nieuwe media het beeld van de creatieve industrie nu lijken te bepalen. Amsterdam profileert zich dan ook met het initiatief voor een ‘metro campus’ als het hart van de creatieve industrie. Ook is in Amsterdam het topinstituut voor creatief leiderschap opgezet: THNK. Ooit gestart als instituut op het vlak van ‘design thinking’. Het lijkt erop dat wij moeten oppassen geen last te hebben van de klassieke wet van de remmende voorsprong. Want laten we eerlijk zijn: ruimtelijk ontwerp – architectuur - is natuurlijk de moeder van ‘design thinking’ en daarmee de bakermat van de creatieve industrie. Niet voor niets is de trekker van het topteam creatieve industrie werkzaam in het ruimtelijk ontwerp: Victor van der Chijs, zakelijk directeur van OMA. Het is tijd om ons luid en duidelijk te positioneren in het hart van de creatieve industrie. Zonder arrogantie natuurlijk. Maar met vanzelfsprekendheid. Met de bereidheid tot samenwerken met andere creatievelingen. En met energie en goeie ideeën. Let’s go! Karin Laglas Decaan Bouwkunde, TU Delft


4 REVIEW

B NIEUWS 03 31 OKTOBER 2011

X MARKS THE SPOT FOR A NEW AGENDA THE GOAL OF X AGENDAS FOR ARCHITECTURE, A SYMPOSIUM ORGANIZED BY THE TU DELFT’S RESEARCH GROUP ‘BORDER CONDITIONS AND TERRITORIES’ ON THE 20TH OF OCTOBER 2011, WAS TO SHED LIGHT ON AND DISCUSS THE CURRENT “CLIMATE OF (IN)STABILITY AND INSECURITY” IN THE ARCHITECTURAL DISCOURSE, WHICH HAS RESULTED IN ARCHITECTS DEFERRING CERTAIN INTELLECTUAL PRACTICES TO THIRD PARTIES AND ALMOST SOLELY FOCUSING ON THE DEVELOPMENT AND APPLICATION OF TECHNIQUES. THE PRIMARY MESSAGE OF THE SYMPOSIUM IS THAT ARCHITECTS HAVE BECOME PRAGMATIC EXECUTIONERS, LEAVING OTHER FIELDS TO MAKE THE 'REAL' DECISIONS ON SUCH MATTERS AS TERRITORIAL OCCUPATION AND SPATIAL DEMARCATION. BY DAPHNE BAKKER To jumpstart the discussion, the a series of lectures from TUD alumni were given, which highlighted the relationship between architectural education and practice and gave shape to the possible future of the architectural practice. This was followed by lectures of three established and notable architects, namely Patrik Schumacher, François Roche and Martine de Maeseneer. Patrik Schumacher, partner at Zaha Hadid Architects (ZHA) and co-director AA Design Research Lab (AADRL), was clearly the best speaker to start with, since his latest publication (described as his 'magnus opus') is entitled ‘A New Agenda for Architecture’ and forms the second volume of ‘The Autopoiesis of Architecture’. In this work he “addresses the specific, contemporary challenges that architecture faces and formulates the tasks that are posed to contemporary architecture”. He read paragraphs of his publication to the audience (quickly adding that the first volume was available in Waltman’s Bouwshop) and then responded to their questions. Schumacher described the development, from the onset of the Industrial Revolution, via the emergence of Modernism, to the economic and environmental crisis of the 70s, of the current state of affairs in which society as

a whole consists of autonomous, but distinctive communicative systems, such as art, science, political discourse and architecture. Architecture can be described as a communicative subsystem, since it provides spaces that frame communication. My impression was that his lecture seemed to define the problem and not the solution. He simply stated that Architecture has to adapt. Although I was vaguely familiar with the work of Roche’s studio R&Sie(n) (pronounced like “heresy”), I had no idea what to expect. While Roche's presentation focused on his projects, it was difficult to comprehend due to a combination of his very enthusiastic delivery and the acoustics of the Oost Serre. My notes simply contain the various terms he applied to describe his theories and projects, all meant in a way to shock or call attention to itself. Words such as Cannibalism, Sadism and Schizophrenia. On the surface, his lecture seemed all over the place, but a closer look determines that, even though his work is realized through new tools and techniques, such as scripting, it’s still driven by concepts which are thoroughly based on his extensive theoretical knowledge. Roche attempted to communicate the importance of a critical point of view in architecture and used his own projects as examples.

Bronks Youth Theatre; Brussels, Belgium; MDMA – Martine De Maeseneer Architecten (Photo: Filip Dujardin)

Martine de Maeseneer, from Martine De Maeseneer Architects (MDMA), was a stark contrast to Francois Roche. Softspoken and deliberate, her manner was the perfect foil to Roche’s frantic presentation. She highlighted three projects, paying special attention to her first realized public building, the Bronks Youth Theatre in Brussels, which was the first-ever Belgian finalist of the 2011 edition of the Mies van der Rohe Award. It took 17 years to be built due to ongoing discussions with the authority. These discussions were not only centered on the functioning of the theatre within the neighborhood , but also on the volumetric influence of the building within its surroundings. Her own 'agenda' was thus implied in the way her studio adapted to and resisted the wishes and concerns of the client, the Flemish Community Commission. Deborah Hauptmann, Director of Delft School of Design was invited to respond, which she described as 'an impossible task' and thus came prepared with a written statement. This was followed by a discussion in which the habit of connotating good with the avant garde and bad with the mainstream was pointed out, which Schumacher dismissed as simply semantics. Roche remained incomprehensible, mentioning Darth Vader and the Jedi. But a

highlight of the discussion was when Hauptmann called both Schumacher and Roche to task, asking them to explain why they’ve eschewed smaller, more experimental schools for their Ivy League counterparts. Unfortunately Roche’s response was, again, incomprehensible and Schumacher seemingly dodged the bullet when a new question emerged from the audience, asking the panel how to address the insecurity within architecture. Of course no one expected that any solution would emerge for such a complex issue after a day of intellectual weightlifting, but simply providing a public platform might just be the start of rousing the dormant architectural discourse, at least in the minds of those who were present. For more information on the speakers, please visit their websites: patrikschumacher.com new-territories.com mdma.be

Capita Selecta The symposium was the start of the 2011 Fall Capita Selecta lecture series on Architectural Design, organized by the TU Delft’s research group ‘Border Conditions and Territories’. borderconditions.org


REVIEW 5

KRITIEK EN MAATSCHAPPIJ DOOR IVAN THUNG

DRIE NOMINATIES EN TWEE WINNAARS: DAT IS DE SCORE DIE WE MOGEN OPTEKENEN NA UITREIKING VAN DE CICA AWARDS 2011. De CICA awards worden jaarlijks uitgereikt door het Comité International des Critiques d'Architecture. Het comité, opgericht in 1978 in Mexico, reikt de prijs uit met doel het architectuurdebat te stimuleren. Zij is van overtuiging dat architectuurtheorie en kritiek een integraal deel moeten zijn van het architectonisch proces. Twee publicaties waaraan bouwkundemedewerkers meewerkten, wonnen dit jaar een prijs. Een van de winnaars was editie #81 van het architectuurtijdschrift OASE. Christoph Grafe, redacteur van OASE, legt uit waarom deze prijs belangrijk is. “De prijs kwam als een totale verassing omdat het dé prijs is voor publicaties op het gebied van architectuurkritiek. OASE is 25 jaar geleden – voortkomend uit de democratisering van de faculteit – opgericht door studenten. Zij wilden een goed medium creëren waarin reflectie op architectuur centraal stond en dat is het eigenlijk nu nog steeds.” Oase #81 'Constructing Criticism'

Het nummer van OASE dat de CICA Pierre Vagoprijs (zie kader) won, heet ‘Constructing Criticism’. Het is een nummer gewijd aan de status van de architectuurkritiek en is gemaakt vanuit het idee dat de klassieke architectuurkritiek, het echt onderzoeken van gebouwen in plaats van het onderzoeken van een bepaalde theorie, sinds zo’n vijftien jaar aan het verdwijnen is. Ondanks een grote honger naar architectuurpublicaties is het kritisch schrijven, wat vroeger een belangrijk deel van architectuurpublicaties was, voor een groot deel verdrongen door meer glossy inhoud en afbeeldingen. ‘Constructing Criticism’ stelt deze teloorgang aan de orde en onderzoekt waarom de architectuurkritiek onder druk staat. Wat voor rol zou de architectuurkritiek volgens Grafe dan moeten vervullen? ”Enerzijds is de kritiek belangrijk als zelfkritiek van de discipline, maar belangrijker is dat het gebouw serieus wordt genomen als een culturele stellingname. De critici moeten zich daarbij niet alleen richten op architecten, maar op een bredere groep van cultureel geïnteresseerde lezers. De criticus vervult een rol in de dialoog tussen de beroepsgemeenschap en een grotere groep geïnteresseerde lezers. Dat klinkt misschien wat abstract, maar als voorbeeld, wanneer er een significant gebouw geplaatst wordt in een stad en daar wordt intelligent over geschreven, dan is dat natuurlijk interessant voor de architecten. Maar belangrijker is dat er zich door dit schrijven om de architect een groep mensen verzamelt die meedenkt over wat de culturele betekenis is van een gebouw. Dat is wat wij doen bij OASE, en de prijs is een belangrijke erkenning hiervoor.” meer informatie op: www.oasejournal.nl cicarchitecture.org

Oase #81, waaraan dr.ir. T.L.P. Avermaete, dr.ir. C. Grafe, ir. K.M. Havik, ir. P.J. Teerds en ir. T. Vandeputte aan bijdroegen, won de CICA Pierre Vago award. Daarnast won ‘Rietveld’s Universe’, met o.a. MarieThérèse van Thoor als editor en Dr.ir. H. Zijlstra, Dr. I. Nevzgodin and Prof.dr. M.C. Kuipers als auteurs, de CICA Julius Posener Exhibition Catalogue Award 2011.

Rietveld's Universe

Pierre Vago De Pierre Vago award is de CICA prijs voor beste journalistieke publicatie. Pierre Vago was een Frans architect, architectuurcriticus en oprichter van L'Architecture d'Aujourd'hui. Hij was tevens oprichter van de International Union of Architects dat zich ten doel stelde architecten over de hele wereld te verenigen.


6 BK IN DEPTH

B NIEUWS 03 31 OKTOBER 2011

DESIGNER OF THE FUTURE:

HEINRICH WOLFF HEINRICH WOLFF IS A PRINCIPAL OF NOERO WOLFF ARCHITECTS (CAPE TOWN, SOUTH AFRICA). THE SOCIAL ENGAGED WORK OF THE OFFICE HAS BROUGHT INNOVATIVE ARCHITECTURE TO UNDERSERVED COMMUNITIES THROUGHOUT THE COUNTRY. THE MIKMAK FOUNDATION ASKED WOLFF TO GIVE THIS YEARS DESIGNERS OF THE FUTURE LECTURE. WITH 'ARCHITECTURE AT A TIME OF SOCIAL CHANGE' AS THE THEME B NIEUWS BECAME CURIOUS ABOUT HIS AGENDA AND ASKED HIM FOR A SNEAK PREVIEW OF HIS PRESENTATION ON 10 NOVEMBER 2011. BY FLORIS VAN DER ZEE The work of Noero Wolff Architects has been exhibited at the Venice Biennale (2006 and 2010), the Sao Paolo Biennale (2005 and 2007), the Museum of Modern Art in New York (2010) and several other venues. Currently there seems to be quite some interest in the work of Noero Wolff Architects in the Netherlands as well. It is part of the Testify exposition in the NAi, Rotterdam (The Dutch Architecture Institute) and recently Jo Noero visited Rotterdam to contribute to a marathon interview in this same institute. Do you notice a special interest by the Dutch in your work or even South African architecture in general? There is general international interest in the work of our office. It is not just confined to Europe and the United States. There has also been interest from Japan, South Korea, China and throughout Africa. One of the main supporters of our work in The Netherlands is an organization called African Architecture Matters (www.aamaters.nl). Antoni Folkers and Berend van der Lans, who set up this organization, aim to promote African Architecture in general and they promote our work as well.

What does all the attention and appreciation of your work bring you? Of course it is good to know that people value our work. Our contributions to major exhibitions obviously conscientised many people about what we are doing and how we are doing it. We are committed to certain attitudes in our work and we hope that they are meaningful to others. We believe in these values, but we are not missionaries. If others can learn from it, I will be very happy. In the Designers of the Future lecture you will address architecture's capacity to critically contribute to the outcomes of social change. In what way do you believe that architects should play a role in times of civil unrest and social change? Social change can take on many forms. The Arab Spring is probably the most significant change of our time. It may have some similarities to what is happening in South Africa, where people are asking for serious political change as well, but every situation requires a particular cultural response. There is not one kind of recipe for architects to engage with social change.

Heinrich Wolff Heinrich Wolff was born in Roodepoort, South Africa, in 1970. He studied at the universities of Pretoria and Cape Town. With Jo Noero, he formed Noero Wolff Architects in 1998. Several of their projects received South African and international awards, the most significant being the Lubetkin Prize from the RIBA for best building outside the EU for 2005 - 2006. Besides, he has taught at universities in South Africa and in the USA in the fields of Design, Theory and Technology. He is currently teaching at the University of Cape Town. He regularly contributes papers to academic conferences and his writing has been published extensively.

Social change is brought about by the mobilization of mass opinion. Architects can contribute ideas and actions at times of transformation that can have impact on the outcomes of change. We need to establish the values that we would like to profess for society and push for the implementation of these ideas. But what can architects really do to contribute to such change? Well, it is not only about making spatial interventions itself, although they have a huge impact. It is also about how you do your projects. We have found that you can develop the richness of the architectural intentions through a process of consultation with various stakeholders, most importantly the people who will use the building. A broader set of objectives for a project, which is shared by the users, is often the basis of success and enjoyment of the architecture. Further objectives are also established through research. There are other objectives that we pursue as well. One of the most important ones is what Amartya Sen called ‘the expansion of freedom’. This objective is achieved through creating job opportunities, facilitating physical protection and developing infrastructure for health and education. If we focus on achieving these ends, architecture can make a substantial impact on the expansion of personal freedoms. There are vast areas of our country without the necessary educational and healthcare facilities. We love being involved with schools and hospitals. These buildings have such impact on their communities. We try to make these buildings as good as they can be, to give people a sense that there lives are being

improved and that the future holds opportunity. We always try to develop economic opportunity alongside the primary brief of a project, whether it is a school or social housing. For instance if you look at our design for the Inkwenkwezi Secondary School in Cape Town, the school hall is an ambiguous space. You may wonder why this kind of character for a school hall, but that is because one of the primary forms of income is to rent it out for churches and weddings. It explains why the hall is half church-like. The spatial typology is purposefully confusing to allow this hall to be used for multiple purposes. So, we tried to develop the school's ability to make money out of the school facilities. It brings the opportunity to buy new books, get better teachers and do whatever they believe is right. The state can only support a school by providing a fixed budget, but if you give them another source of income, you can change the performance of that school. This is important, because economic freedom facilitates other kinds of freedom as well. In their first year in the new building, with improved spatial design and increased opportunities, the final year's pass rate increased from 40% to 70%. One of the most remarkable projects of your office is the Red Location Museum at the 'National Site of Struggle' in Port Elizabeth. Could you describe the process after the initial design had been selected as the winning entry in the competition? We had a sense that people living in the area would take this museum as being something from outsiders if the project did not make an immediate improvement in their lives. The area, where the


7 then participate in some of those attitudes to see how we can take them forward. We have learned a great deal from what other people do.

above: Inkwenkwezi Secondary School, Cape Town. below: Red Location Museum, Port Elizabeth. Photos by Dave Southwood

“WE BELIEVE IN OUR VALUES, BUT WE ARE NOT MISSIONARIES� museum was planned, had absolutely no infrastructure. This is why we convinced the client to start the project by not building the museum, but to build a road with service infrastructure. The road connects a taxi stop with a major train station. Then, when we discovered there were housing promises made by the government and people were suspicious that the museum was being build out of housing money, we advised the client to first build these houses. Concurrent with this process, we engaged in discussions with the community about how one would remember the past, the years of Apartheid. We were confronted with the idea that

the legacy of Apartheid is not confined to the past only, but that many people still live with it. We had meetings once a month for five years with representatives of the community, local councilors, the major of the city and people from other museums. This participatory process also became the basis for an oral history project of the museum. The project took about seven years from beginning to end. Projects you work on are often located in areas where most buildings are made without any architect being involved. Are you inspired by this kind of informal architecture and do you use this in your own work? We really do, although I would call it vernacular or ordinary

architecture. There is something very unpretentious and direct about ordinary buildings and we want our buildings to be that uncomplicated and direct as well. One way to make an architecture that is accessible to people, is to find out what architectural intentions are developed in settlements and buildings that people made for themselves. I would say that 95 % of all buildings in our country are made without architects. If we work in a settlement, where we could be making the only expensive and durable building there for the foreseeable future, I think it would just be respectful to learn from the spatial language set up by that community. We try to understand the spatial and representational patterns and

One of the subjects you are interested in is the tension between what you call 'the new and the familiar'. How do you deal with this in your architectural practice? The legacy of colonial culture necessitates a confrontation between the new and the familiar. To take either of these notions to its extreme, represents a crisis in architecture within our context. A consideration of the tension between the new and the familiar can be very productive. Calibrated design judgments within the range of this tension are the basis of invention, meaning and values in design. In your lecture you would like to talk about your search for a new kind of beauty. I can imagine that starting a discussion about a new kind of beauty is perhaps a really difficult topic to address. Why is it necessary to start talking about beauty? In Afrikaans there is a saying that says 'we cannot argue about ugly and beautiful'. Beauty is not a universal thing, certainly not. It may sound bizarre to try and theorize what beauty is about. But we do want to make beautiful things, we are concerned with the appearances of our buildings as much as we are concerned with how they work and how they relate to society. We want to find a new kind of beauty, located outside the dominant taste culture of our time. We want to find the beauty that is under our noses, a beauty that is not elitist or escapist but rather a beauty, which is accessible and affirming. This would certainly be a significant contribution.

Information: Architecture at a time of social change Date: 10.11.2011 Programme: 17.00 Welcome 17.30 Lecture Heinrich Wolff: 18.30 Respondent Wouter Vanstiphout Location: Room A, Faculty of Architecture, TU Delft Subscribe: designersofthefuture.nl


8 PROJECT THE URBAN FOOD CYCLE LAST SUMMER GWENDOLYN HUISMAN GRADUATED IN ARCHITECTURE WITH HER PROJECT: ‘THE URBAN FOOD CYCLE, A PUBLIC BUILDING AS SOCIAL CONNECTOR BETWEEN INDIVIDUALS AND THE ORIGIN OF FOOD’. AT THE CURRENT ARCHIPRIX 2012 PRESELECTION EXHIBITION HER WORK IS PRESENTED NEXT TO ALL OUR OTHER BEST GRADUATES IN DELFT, SO DON'T FORGET TO TAKE A LOOK AT THE OTHERS AS WELL! GWENDOLYN HUISMAN: Ideology The city and its food producing countryside are diverging more and more, both in distance as in conscience and relation. The same goes for the city dweller and its relation to the countryside. This design for an educational centre for urban farming – The Urban Food Cycle – seeks to inter-connect the city dwellers and make them aware of food production and the importance of farmland. In this building people work on, and are taught in, the fine art of food production suited for the contemporary and future city. In this way visitors are connected and are given back their identity and sense of community. Frequent use of the building will stimulate social cohesion and temporarily abolish the ‘liquid society’ (Zygmunt Bauman); strangers become acquaintances. Concave voids The exterior of the building is modern and abstract, reacting on the built environment, whereas the interior uses another vocabulary, aiming on human interaction and mutual relations. The system of voids is designed and tailored for each individual floor, depending on the need for natural light and openness. The voids form the counter shape of a core that gives visitors overview, the edges of the floors harbour the more intimate spaces for close relations. De inventive load bearing structure makes big voids actually possible. Connection between different landscapes De public landscapes (odd floors) are connected by escalators, visitors move trough the service floors (even floors) in glass tunnels, unable to call there. The more introvert program is located in the service floors. These floors are connected tot the public floors by large stairs. The stronger the relation, the larger the stairs, forming a ramp or grandstand. New typology The large-scale and flexible use of the public floors, and the design and dimensions of the void, dictate a load bearing structure consisting of few elements. The construction is a sandwich of open and structural floors. The structural floors consist of 4 intersecting trusses spanning 28,8 meter. This gives freedom in the lay-out of the public floors: only 8 columns are needed. The generous height of the structural floors makes use for several small scale spaces possible. The installations are also integrated in these floors. The position of the voids is defined by the space in between the 4 trusses. In two floors, the voids cross the constructive lines, connecting to the facade. In this case two trusses are used. The space in between the double-skin facade is used as panorama-promenade for visitors. Future transformation The design of structural floors is a new typology, that can adapt to dynamic future demands and harbour a range of functions. By removing the 'interior', the 'carrier' can be used as frame for other program, like 50 m2 dwellings with collective spaces. More thorough but relatively easy measures (closing of voids, changing the facade) can be taken in order to adapt the building to even more functions like a parking garage.

B NIEUWS 01 MAAND 2011


9 TUTORS

Stacked urban farm

Photo of model

Section

Fragment of facade

Internal views

West facade

Gwendolyn Huisman’s project was developed within last years Public Building Master Studio: Public Realm Rotterdam. The studio explored the meaning of the public realm in the light of the current urban re-developments that take place in the city centre of Rotterdam. The designated area is positioned in-between the Lijnbaan and the Coolsingel, facing Aert van Nesstraat southward and Stadhuisplein northward. It consists of an existing urban block, which forms a part of the inner city after war re-structuring plan of Van den Broek & Bakema. The brief asked for preserving the building curtain of the block perimeter, while the inner core had to be demolished, with the unique exception of a Rationalist building, listed monument by the municipality and had to be restructured. A functional program was provided, but students were invited to develop different programs based on thorough research and own insights. Mixed programmes and new typological strategies had to be developed to meet the social, cultural, political and economic problems and needs of the Rotterdam city centre in the 21st century Network Society. Gwen Huisman’s proposal for ‘The urban food cycle, a public building as social connector between individuals and the origin of food’ meets the brief in a surprising and exiting way. In fact, Gwen stacks an urban farm vertically in a way, which has to be located somewhere in between museum (Guggenheim, New York) and allotment garden. By passing from top to bottom the visitor can experience the whole food cycle starting from seeds, growing of plants, harvesting fruits and vegetables to compost. Service layers and visitors floors are intelligently altered and disconnected by making use of the building’s bearing structure, which has to allow a completely free floor span. The material detailing and architectural expression of the building is sophisticated, almost neutral and in contrast with the colourful interior. It let’s one wonder: what could be the next destination of ‘stacking’ for this beautiful urban artefact? For the time being, the design literally contributes an innovative architectural model to contemporary and future ideas of ‘Verdure within compact cities’. Susanne Komossa, Associate Professor Public Building Nicola Marzot, Assistent Professor Public Building


10 RESEARCH

B NIEUWS 03 31 OKTOBER 2011

CONCEPT HOU FUNDING AS IF ENDORSING THE MOTTO ‘IF YOU TEST PHONES, WHY NOT TEST HOMES’, INITIATOR MICK EEKHOUT AND HIS TEAM SET UP A SERIES OF EXPERIMENTS WITH ON CONSTRUCTION OF DWELLINGS. THEY CALL IT: CONCEPT HOUSE VILLAGE AND AT THE END THIS YEAR THE FIRST PROTOTYPES SHOULD BE FINISHED. BY IVAN THUNG The dwellings will be test cases for new sustainability concepts, plug-and-play-buildings and new engineering concepts. The village will be built on Heijplaat in Rotterdam near the RDM Campus, which is an old wharf of the ‘Rotterdamse Droogdok Maatschappij’ turned into a centre for Research, Development and Manufacturing. Industrialisation

Prototype wood

The project started in 1994 when a contractor came to Eekhout and said: “All my life I have been working in the traditional construction. Nowadays, it has become such a complicated branch that I would love to make a big leap towards industrialisation.” So after finishing some other projects, Eekhout and his team collected eight companies that were interested in collaborating. With their input they were able to assign two PhD students from the TU Delft to do research on the history of traditional construction and on how the market operates. After four years, the project was taken over by Wim Poelman, who is now a professor of Product Realisation at University of Twente, and he suggested to make a prototype. Because of the companies involved, and some extra money put in by RDM, the construction of these prototypes was actually financially viable. Energy positive Initially, the researcher’s main interest was finding out how to build as fast as possible, while spending little time on the building site. But

Prototype in location

when Arjan van Timmeren, associate professor of Climate Design, joined the team, he brought in the idea of sustainability, something that was not yet really an issue in 1994. The question of energy is now central to the project: how to build with a limited amount of materials and a carbon footprint that is as low as possible resulting in a building that is very energy efficient as well. The relevancy of these goals is shown by a recent government decision that by 2020 all housing projects should have an Energy Performance Coefficient (EPC) of 0,0. This means that the net energy consumption of the houses should be zero. Concept House Village strikes pre-emptive with an even higher ambition, a negative EPC; in the end the houses should produce more energy than they consume. Stacked housing In the case of low-rise buildings, this is very doable, but to get a stacked housing - which comprises a large part of the housing market - energy neutral is much more difficult. A low-rise building has a lot of

The village on Heijplaat


11

USE roof surface that allows for placement of solar panels, but in the case of stacked housing, there is only one roof per so many dwellings. That’s why one of the challenges will be to make stacked houses sustainable. One of the prototypes at Concept House Village will be an urban villa of 7 by 15 meter, for a large part made out of wood. This prototype serves as test case for the building of a 0-series, which is the first series to be commercially built. After the test period, the building will be taken apart, so that the full life cycle of the building is simulated. Prototype 2

Feedback Within this test period of five years, a lot of research data will be collected, for example on the behaviour of the inhabitants. This is necessary because the behaviour is abstracted beforehand in the

Autonomy

calculations, and actual people do not always behave as their idea-

But what does the collaboration with the market mean for the

lised counterparts. Eekhout: “Inhabitants come home at a certain

autonomy of the university? If the university is working together

time, will open the windows, use water, etcetera. During the test

with companies, won’t there be the risk of its knowledge being

period we have to check if the starting points we took concerning

steered or owned by private companies? Eekhout: “First of all, we

inhabitants behaviour were legitimate. Maybe the building can

made sure we use technology that does not include company owned

actually stimulate a durable use of energy. Students of Industrial Design have a lot of experience with this kind of product interaction. In the end it is important not only to monitor the behaviour of the building to the inhabitants, but also of the inhabitants to the building.” Education and communication

“THIS PROJECT CAN PUT THE UNIVERSITY RIGHT BACK INTO SOCIETY AGAIN”

patents. Secondly, patents are actually not really bon ton in the building industries. In my own company we have ten patents, but I barely use them. I only apply for them to make sure that I can keep doing what I do, so that nobody else will put a patent on it. It isn’t interesting and profitable for market companies to keep such information a secret. Of

If the system works as good as it aims to do, shouldn’t it have a large

course they could prevent the research results from being published

influence on other departments within Architecture, for example

for two years, but who is going to ask them for building assignments

Dwellings? Eekhout: “We could, for example, go to Dick van Gameren

if nobody knows what they are doing. They need the publicity.”

and say: this is how you construct energy positive dwellings. Then, they could cooperate with Real Estate and Housing to make the

When we ask who are going to be the inhabitants of the Concept

implementation of these systems possible. But often, a lot of know-

House Village Eekhout, admits that he actually doesn’t really know

ledge is wasted here at TU Delft. Research is carried out and the

yet. So if you are scarce in living space, and don’t have a thing for

results are barely used or shared. This is because the eerste geld-

open windows with the heater on, maybe you can talk yourself into

stroom (kader) has encouraged and enabled us to indulge into the

one of these prototypes.

particular interests of professors. That’s why the world has never really noticed us. Our ideas are most of the time way too complicated.

For more information:

Instead of acting like a couple of autistics in our own ivory towers

concepthouse.bk.tudelft

thinking up way too complex solutions, this project can put the

www.rdmcampus.nl/chv

university right back into society again. Working with market parties

issuu.com/bnieuws/docs/bn09

forces us to really enter the minds and wishes of our clients and to find out which problems of the building industries actually need to be

'Eerste geldstroom' projects

solved. This concerns our education as well. We should ensure

In the Netherlands, research can be funded from the first, second, third cash flow or combinations of cash flows. This research project is funded by money from the ‘derde geldstroom’ (third flow of funding). This means that money for the project comes from the market. An ‘eerste geldstroom’ (first cash flow) project gets its money from the government in the form of a subsidy and in a ‘tweede geldstroom’ project the money comes from the NWO, the Dutch Institute for Scientific Research.

ourselves that we deliver students who have worked with the systems of Concept House and know what is actually going on in the building industries and our society. These type of students could really give a new elan to the industries. Moreover, these students can help our research infiltrate into the industry which will eventually create a larger demand for our research.”


12 BK IN FOCUS

B NIEUWS 03 31 OKTOBER 2011

transported back to the Netherlands. The climate in the Netherlands is, however, very different from the climate in Madrid. This actually had a large influence on the choices in optimizing the design’s sustainability.

REVOLVING HOUSE

40 STUDENTS, PROFESSORS AND PHD STUDENTS, MOSTLY OF THE FACULTY OF ARCHITECTURE, ARE CURRENTLY WORKING ON A DESIGN THAT HAS TO BECOME THE MOST SUSTAINABLE BUILDING IN THE WORLD. THE COMPETITION THEY ARE AIMING TO WIN IS THE SOLAR DECATHLON, AN INTERNATIONAL CONTEST ON BUILDING SUSTAINABLE WITH A FOCUS ON SOLAR ENERGY, WHICH WILL TAKE PLACE IN SEPTEMBER 2012. BY MANON SCHOTMAN A major difference between the design of the ReVolt House DreamTeam* and the ones designed by the other contestants in the competition, is that the revolt house floats on the surface of the water. Apart from the fact that this makes the design very mobile and therefore, we could say, ‘spatially durable’, it also enables the design to revolve – hence the name –by which it can make maximum use of the position of the sun and get the most out of solar energy. For the members of the ReVolt House team, the best thing about this competition is the fact that it enables the group members to

perform an optimization study in sustainability. In a regular design project at our faculty, students explore options for making their building more sustainable. What they usually don’t do is figuring out which sustainability measure is most optimal and most profita-

ReVolt House info Solar Decathlon exhibition: September 2012, Madrid website: revolthouse.com Facebook: facebook.com/ revolthouse LinkedIn: ‘ReVolt House’ Join the team? Contact Karst Kortekaas: karst.kortekaas@ revolthouse.com

ble for the design. In studying the different possible sustainability measures for the ReVolt House, the DreamTeam did exactly that, which brought them the optimal tool for the design of the ReVolt house in creating a house that is as sustainable as possible. What exemplifies this optimization study is the following. The contest of the solar decathlon will take place in Madrid. Madrid is a logical place for a contest on solar energy, because in Madrid the intensity of the sun is very high. However, the building will not just be built for the ten days of exposition in Madrid – if that were so, it wouldn’t make the house very sustainable. After the exposition, the building will be

In Madrid, the most relevant issue won’t be the house’s ability to produce enough solar energy. In order to not use too much energy for cooling, it will rather be a task to keep the warmth of the sun outside. The ReVolt House team has tackled this problem by making a revolving facade which moves along with the sun and protects the house from overheating. In the winter, however, the open part of the facade will be directed towards the sun to catch enough sunlight to warm up the building when needed. PET-bottles are collected to keep the ReVolt House floating. Other than that, the bottles will be used as the primary material of the building, using both the insulation capacity and the weightlifting capacity of the composite that is made out of the recycled PET-bottles. You might have noticed the bin for PET-bottles near the Ketelhuis and you might have wondered what it was for. By donating your PET-bottles in this bin, you will actually help to keep the ReVolt House floating. However, to win this competition, the team needs more than a sustainable design and PET-bottles. Next to people helping with the design process, more people are needed to help the team finding sponsorship and to handle PR. The latter is actually a very important factor for winning the competition. The more people know about the project, the better. Subsequently, the organisation is collecting as many ‘likes’ on Facebook as possible. So, everyone that wants our TU Delft dream team to win this prestigious competition: take a minute of your time to like the ReVolt House Facebook (and linkedIn) page or contact the ReVolt House team to actually participate in the project.

*DreamTeam = TU Delft's student competition teams that make effictive applications of sustainable energy. Other examples: NUON Solar team and DUT Racing team.


BK IN FOCUS 13

GREAT NEW HEIGHTS UPDATE DUE TO AN OVERSIGHT, THE FIRST DRAFT OF ‘GREAT NEW HEIGHTS’, WHICH APPEARED IN OUR PREVIOUS EDITION, B NIEUWS #02, WAS ACCIDENTALLY PUBLISHED. THE CORRECT VERSION IS AVAILABLE ONLINE, BUT WE’D LIKE TO TAKE THE OPPORTUNITY TO REVISIT THE THE WHY FACTORY’S EUROHIGH STUDIO. EuroHigh as a theme was set up in order to bring forward the differences between different cultures of the high-rise. Could we claim that in times of global economy, one could distinguish Asian, American or European skyscraper? Could we say, that the European high-rise is the one, which has more public elements embedded in it, as opposed to the American one? Or should have? Aided by the expertise of KRADS, a young architects firm based in Denmark and Iceland, who have set up various workshops based on exploring fundamental, architectural principles through LEGO bricks, the students will develop 8 prototypical European skyscrapers. First, they will

attempt to transform a traditional skyscraper into a new type of skyscraper in 25 steps. The students will work within such frames as Porosity, Nonrepetitiveness and Pixelation, while also adapting their approach. This will result in the previously stated 625 models. Then further research will narrow in on the final eight prototypes. The LEGO brick as basis for this exercise has its advantages. It reduces the architectural problem, making it easier for the students to focus on the relationship between mass, as the generic program, and void, as the representation of public space within the building. Also, the pixelated nature of LEGO,

HERIJKING Snelheid uitwerking deelplannen Door de faculteit Bouwkunde voorgestelde bezuinigingsvoorstellen kunnen gevolgen hebben voor medewerkers. Al deze medewerkers zijn al voor de zomer door hun leidinggevende geïnformeerd. Na de zomer is de faculteit gestart met de uitwerking van de maatregelen in deelplannen. Deze deelplannen lopen uiteen van het opheffen van functies, het wijzigen van leer- en onderzoeksopdrachten tot het verplaatsen van organisatieonderdelen. De tijd om de deelplannen compleet te maken, loopt door de wisselende aard van de plannen uiteen. De faculteit heeft in de voorgenomen reorganisatie van Media Studies ervaren hoeveel tijd het kost om een bezuinigingsmaatregel uit te werken tot een plan dat kan worden voorgelegd

aan het College van Bestuur en de TU Delft Ondernemingsraad (OR). Daarom verwacht zij dat niet alle reorganisaties voor de jaarwisseling zullen zijn besloten. De deelplannen: de stand van zaken In B Nieuws 02 kon u lezen dat TUD taskforce Herijking en de Onderdeelcommissie (OdC) Bouwkunde de faculteit vroegen het deelplan Media Studies op enkele punten aan te passen. Dit is gebeurd en het deelplan wordt deze week opnieuw aan het CvB voorgelegd. Voor het Publicatiebureau, 100%Research en de samenvoeging van RMIT/BT worden de conceptplannen nu besproken in de Taskforce reorganisatie BK en daarna voorgelegd aan het Bouwkunde MT. Voor de deelplannen die DSD, IHAAU en DUET betreffen

immediately imposes the importance of the small grain within a large structure. According to Sverdlov “The image of the society one might have today, is the one of the cloud of disconnected individuals, which is largely shapeless but sometimes extremely powerful. This LEGO exercise will explore how much power the individual pixel might have in configuring a collective whole”. (DB) The correct version of 'Great New Heights' can be accessed through issuu.com/bnieuws

For more information: thewhyfactory.com krads.info

Exhibition The 625 models are currently on display in the Oost Serre. The studio will conclude with an exhibition of the eight protoypes in januari 2012.

Correction B Nieuws 02 In the article 'Delft, Leiden, Wuhan', from B Nieuws #02, the congress was erroneousl attributed to ISOCORP. The congress is in fact organised by the International Society of City and Regional Planners (ISOCARP).

ELKE MAAND EEN OVERZICHT VAN DE LAATSTE ONTWIKKELINGEN VAN DE HERIJKING DOOR STUURGROEP HERIJKING

worden nu eerst de profielen van de leerstoelen uitgewerkt. De overige deelplannen, inclusief de komst van het OTB naar Bouwkunde, zijn nog in een conceptfase. De tijd van voorbereiding van reorganisatieplannen, ontwikkeling van personeelsplannen en individuele besluitvorming kan drie tot zes maanden in beslag nemen. Blijven bijpraten De OdC Bouwkunde heeft geconstateerd dat het tijdsverloop van de verschillende reorganisatie procedures voor veel medewerkers niet duidelijk is. De OdC vraagt om regelmatige follow-up naar personeelsleden en om continue communicatie met een vaste contactpersoon. Deze vaste contactpersoon is voor alle medewerkers de direct leidinggevende. In de meeste gevallen is

dat de afdelingsvoorzitter. Daarnaast is voor iedere medewerker de eigen personeelsadviseur beschikbaar voor goede raad. Als er desondanks toch onduidelijkheid of vragen blijven bestaan, kan iedereen altijd terecht bij de Taskforce reorganisatie Bouwkunde. Taskforce reorganisatie Bouwkunde: Herman Schoffelen en Gerda Steenstra. Algemene informatie: bk.tudelft.nl/herijking tudelft.nl/herijking Go to bk.tudelft.nl/herijking, and switch to English to get the English version.


14 FORUM COLUMN

“A house is a house because...” Ik heb een drukke avond. Ben eerst gaan eten. Goede tafel. Wat de pot schaftte, maar ik mocht wel in de keuken kijken. Onderweg naar een afspraak besluit ik een nieuwe aanwinst, een schilderij, te gaan bekijken, want kunst is troost voor mij. De kunstenaar geeft uitleg. Vol van mooie gedachten, nieuwe ideeën en levenslust wacht ik op een vriendin voor een muzikale avond. We treden op. Er loopt een kat rond, een kater, met zijn staart parmantig hemelwaarts, ander publiek is er niet. We spelen de sterren van de hemel. Toevallig begint er later nog een film, die ik 'moet' zien volgens vrienden. Een stukje lopen, om de bibliotheek heen, terug langs de plek waar ik gegeten heb, diagonaal ertegenover. De verduistering zet in, de film begint. Hoe graag ik mij ook wil overgeven aan de audiovisuele belevenissen, het lukt mij niet. Het zit mij niet lekker, dat er nog werk op mij wacht. Ik moet langs mijn bureau. Digitaal ongeduld beantwoorden en zo meer. Oh ja! De deadline voor het tijdschrijven is vandaag. Een schietgebedje is op zijn plaats en ik ga nog een kaarsje branden. Ik kijk de heilige, die boven het kaarsje hangt, recht in de ogen. Probeer mijn bescherming op deze wijze af te dwingen. Nog even de plantjes water geven, een drankje en een sigaret en eindelijk kan ik op zoek naar een slaapplaats. Plichtsgetrouw handen wassen en tandenpoetsen. Liggend op mijn rug beschouw ik de dag en de intensieve avond: deze avond thuis! In mijn flatje op de 14de verdieping. Mijn restaurant, mijn museum, mijn theater, mijn bioscoop, mijn bibliotheek, mijn kantoor, mijn kerk, mijn park. Mijn kroeg met rookvergunning, badhuis, hotel en, zoals nog blijkt, vliegveld. De wereld in een notedop. Ik droom, krijg een hand toegestoken en vlieg samen met mijn oude leermeester door eindeloze ruimte, eindeloos veel ruimten. De eerste student, die weet met welke leermeester ik vannacht ben meegevlogen, krijgt koffie en gebak, niet in mijn stad, maar in die andere: BK-City.

Robert Nottrot, Delft, 10 oktober 2011

B NIEUWS 03 31 OKTOBER 2011

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Riedijk, Smaakdebat en Psychologie Waarom wordt er in deze faculteit geen psychologie, sociologie en filosofie onderwezen? Proffesor Michiel Riedijk antwoordde op deze vraag aan het eind van de docentenbijeenkomst op 2 september 2011 met: "Ik wil hier geen smaakdebat!" Michiel Riedijk was gevraagd om de Bachelor te renoveren en revitaliseren. Zonder eerst goed onderzoek te doen startte Riedijk toch meteen met een blanco vel. Als een echte architect begon hij zijn nieuwe concept voor de bachelor te schetsen. Dit heeft hij met veel enthousiasme en gedrevenheid tijdens de docentenbijeenkomst gedaan. Het mooie van een conceptuele schets met abstracte verzamelnamen is dat er ruimte is om je eigen plannen en ideeën voor het onderwijs erin terug te zien. Helaas voor Riedijk kwamen er aan het eind van zijn fantastische betoog kritische vragen die de conceptuele vorm grotendeels onderuit haalden en helaas bleek de inhoud ook minder mooi dan ieder in de zaal had gehoopt. Om terug te keren op de opmerking van Riedijk dat hij bang is voor een smaakdebat als je de studenten psychologie, sociologie en filosofie onderwijst. Juist het tegenovergestelde zal het resultaat zijn, want met de kennis uit deze vakken leer je juist te redeneren en analyseren op basis van resultaten uit wetenschappelijk onderzoek. Het vak omgevingspsychologie is wellicht het meest interessant om te onderwijzen in de Bachelor, aangezien de omgevingspsychologie een vorm is van toegepaste psychologie die zich bezighoudt met de interactie tussen de mens en zijn omgeving, dus zowel de invloed van de omgeving op mensen als de invloed van mensen

op de omgeving. Belangrijke thema’s zijn o.a.: navigatie en oriëntatie, ‘crowding’ (druktebeleving), ‘perceived control’ (ervaren controle), sociale interactie, restoratieve effecten, etc. Uit omgevingspsychologisch onderzoek is bijvoorbeeeld gebleken dat: - stoelopstelling sociale interactie beïnvloedt 1) 2) - uitzicht op groen een stressreducerende werking heeft, pijn vermindert (hogere pijntolerantie, minder sterke pijnmedicatie) en een sneller herstel geeft (kortere ligduur) 3) 4) - ‘Perceived control’ het effect van stressfactoren zoals geluid sterk kan beïnvloeden 5) 6) Studenten (en overigens ook architecten) beweren vaak dat hun ontwerp een goede omgeving is voor de toekomstige gebruiker om te verblijven, meestal alleen gebaseerd op eigen ervaringen. Zelden worden de behoeftes van toekomstige gebruikers grondig onderzocht of wordt onderzocht of hun ontwerpoplossingen de behoeftes van de gebruiker wel accommoderen.7) Een interessant voorbeeld is station Rijswijk, waar dure sparingen in het plafond zijn gemaakt om daglicht binnen te laten. Mensen voelen zich veiliger in ondergrondse ruimtes als er daglicht naar binnen schijnt, dacht de architect van dit ondergrondse treinstation waarschijnlijk. De reiziger oordeelt echter anders. Hij ervaart het station als donker, zelfs donkerder dan stations waar nauwelijks daglicht naar binnen Cartoon by Thomas de Bos

sijpelt. Het daglicht dat in Rijswijk via een glazen piramide naar binnen schijnt, werkt namelijk als een soort tegenlicht. Je zicht wordt er slechter door, net als wanneer een auto met felle koplampen op je af komt rijden. 8) 9)

Gelukkig hoor ik steeds meer mensen op onze Faculteit praten over het onderwerp. Ik hoor bijvoorbeeld veel docenten spreken over de lezing van omgevingspsycholoog Machiel van Dorst over 'sociale duurzaamheid'. Het lijkt er dus op dat nu eindelijk na de ‘economische duurzaamheid’ en ’ecologische duurzaamheid' ook de ‘sociale duurzaamheid’ langzaam serieus wordt genomen in onze Faculteit. Er is dus hoop en ook in Riedijks conceptuele schets voor de nieuwe Bachelor staat een hoopvolle term, namelijk: ‘Maatschappij’. Dit kan natuurlijk een prachtige verzamelnaam worden voor de vakken psychologie, sociologie en filosofie.

Paul de Vries architect gespecialiseerd in omgevingspsychologie www.smpl.biz paul@smpl.biz 1) Sommer, R., and Ross, H. (1958) 2) Mehrabian, A., and Diamond, S. G. (1971) 3) Ulrich, R. S. (1984) 4) Dijkstra, K., Pieterse, M. E., Pruy, A. (2008) 5) Glass, D. C. and Singer, J. E. (1972) 6) Kryter, K. D. (1994) 7) Hamel. R., (1990) 8) Segersa, M. (2001) 9) Durmisevic, S. (2002)

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STREETS OF BK CITY 15 IN IEDERE EDITIE WORDT STUDENTEN EN DOCENTEN VAN DE TU DELFT EEN VRAAG GESTELD WAAR ZIJ HUN MENING OVER GEVEN. DEZE KEER:

WHAT IS YOUR BACKUP PLAN?

Elena Grigore, BSc5 Maybe I could find a job applying the software animation techniques I’ve learned, applying it to things besides architecture, but still within the design field, like wed design, maybe even industrial design.

Jeong Ryul Lee, BSc5

Voor mij, als buitenlandse student is het zelfs nog moeilijker om werk te vinden, omdat het Nederlands niet mijn moedertaal is. Ik hoor veel van andere afgestudeerden dat ze wel werk vinden, maar dat ze na een tijdje weer terug moeten naar hun thuisland omdat hun werkvergunning is verlopen. Ik ga het in ieder geval toch gewoon proberen.

COLOFON B Nieuws is a four-weekly periodical of the Faculty of Architecture, TU Delft. Faculty of Architecture, BK City, Delft University of Technology Julianalaan 134, 2628 BL Delft room BG.Midden.140

Michael Hermelijn, BSc5 Heb ik niet. Ik zal kijken of ik een lagere baan bij een architecten bureau kan vinden, als een CAD monkey. En als ik geen baan in mijn direkte omgeving kan vinden, dan zoek ik daarbuiten iets.

Wiebe de Boer, BSc 3 Ik doe momenteel al veel aan DTP, desktoppublishing, dus bijvoorbeeld het opmaken van boeken en tijdschriften. Ik heb afgelopen zomer bij een uitgeverij gewerkt, en dat doe ik de komende zomer weer, dus als ik geen werk kan vinden binnen architectuur dan ga ik daarmee verder.

0031 (0) 6 347 443 25 bnieuws-bk@tudelft.nl b-nieuws.bk.tudelft.nl issuu.com/bnieuws

Cover illustration Inkwenkwezi Secondary School, Cape Town, by Dave Southwood

Editorial Board Anne de Haij Floris van der Zee Manon Schotman Ivan Thung Daphne Bakker

Contributors Paul de Vries Karin Laglas Gwendolyn Huisman Stuurgroep Herijking Robert Nottrot Thomas de Bos

Jolien Berg, MSc4, A+U Ik heb niet echt een back-up plan. Ik weet sowieso niet wat ik zal doen, maar ik heb vertouwen dat het goed komt. Ik geloof wel dat ik iets vind dat mij leuk lijkt en daaruit rol ik vanzelf wel verder.

Jeroen van der Drift, MSc2, Interiors Ik heb een bakbrommer en daar ben ik een bar op aan het bouwen, dus ik kan nog altijd daarop op festivalletjes gaan staan. Het is niet alleen een barretje maar ook een soort van fancy ding met drank en een klein keukentje erin. De doelgroep is van 4 tot ongeveer 84. De bakbrommer heet ‘aangespoelde verhalen’ naar een sprookjesboek. We zouden er ook mee op wereldreis kunnen gaan.

Editorial Advice Board Marcello Soeleman Ania Molenda Robert Nottrot Linda de Vos, Pierijn van der Putt Print Drukkerij Tan Heck, Delft

Rafael Mielnik, MSc, Public Building I don’t have a back-up plan, because for me, it’s very different. I’m from Brazil. There is no crisis there. It’s quite the opposite, the construction sector is booming. But in 20 years, the situation will have changed again, so you can’t let it determine your decisions. Money is only a part of it.

Lisa Troiano, graduated in landscape architecture I graduated last week, so that’s a question I should think about, but I haven’t really thought about it yet. If there are no job possibilities in the field of architecture, I might open a restaurant. I’m from Italy so that could be an Italian restaurant, or maybe me and my Dutch friend could make a combination between the Dutch and the Italian kitchen.

Next deadline 16 November '11, 12.00 PM B Nieuws 04, December 2011 Illustrations only in *.tif, *.eps or *.jpg format, min 300 dpi

The editorial board has the right to shorten and edit articles, or to refuse articles that have an insinuating, discriminatory or vindicatory character, or contain unnecessary coarse language. Unsolicited articles can have a The editorial board informs maximum of 500 words, the author(s) concerning the announcements 50 words. reason for it’s deciscion, directly after is has been made.


AGENDA B NIEUWS 03 31 OKTOBER 2011

WEEK 45 Book Presentation

Hong Kong Fantasies (the Why Factory) 08.11.2011 November 8, the Why Factory is to present the book ‘Hong Kong Fantasies’ in Glasshouse East of the faculty of Architecture. BK City, Glasshouse East / 17:00 thewhyfactory.nl

Lecture

Joan Busquets

WEEK 44 Lecture

Architects Talk: Stellan Fryxell 03.11.2011 Sustainable Urbanism will be the central topic of this Architects Talk. The Swedish architect Stellan Fryxell will talk about Hammarby Sjöstad, in Stockholm. The German architect Joachim Eble will explain his design for Eva Lanxmeer in Culemborg. NAi / Rotterdam / 20:00 / €3 (students) /RSVP nai.nl

Symposium

08.11.2011 The aclaimed Spanish architect and urban designer Joan Busquets will receive the Erasmus Prize on November 9. On the eve of the prize giving ceremony, Joan Busquets will give a lecture on his design practice in the NAI. NAi / Rotterdam / 20:00 / €3 (students) /RSVP nai/nl

Lecture

Designers of the future lecture: Heinrich Wolff 10.11.2011 International renowned and socially committed South African architect Heinrich Wolff (Noero Wolff) will give the 6th Designers of the Future lecture on architecture’s capacity to bring about social change. BK City / Room A / 17:00 bk.tudelft.nl

Social Housing Housing the Social

Symposium

04.11.2011 The 2 days symposium emphasises the relationship between the waning political and practical imperative of social housing and the broader conceptual or philosophical idea of 'housing the social'. Feliz Merits / Amsterdam / €25 for 2-day admittance (students) /RSVP skor.nl

11.11.2011 For the third edition of Architecture 2.0, China and India take centre stage. Both countries have a fast-growing economy and a rapidly evolving architectural tradition. De Doelen / Rotterdam / 09:30 / € 42 (students) /RSVP nai.nl

Architectuur 2.0 Booming Architecture

Lezing

Study trip

05.11.2011 BNA Jonge Architectendag (JA Dag) staat deze keer in het teken van samenwerken. Op het programma staan presentaties en workshops van ervaringsdeskundigen. Het Schieblock /Rotterdam / € 35 /RSVP bna.nl

12.11.2011 From 12-15 November students of Hyperbody are organizing a study trip to London, that will focu on adaptive architecture. They will visit different architectural offices acting in this field. € 250 / 24 participants hyperpublic@gmail.com

BNA Jonge Architectendag 2011

SPOT ! T LIGH

Adaptive Architecture London Study Trip

Preselection Archiprix Exposition The faculty of Architecture’s best graduation plans of the 2010-2011 academic year will be on display in the BK City from 31 October to 15 November 2011. For 2 weeks, drawings and models by these outstanding Architecture graduates will be dispersed around the ground floor and first floor of BK City.

WEEK 46 Lecture

How Do You Landscape Sang Lee & Reinier de Graaf 17.11.2011 For the lecture series ‘How Do You Landscape’ TU Delft’s Chair of Landscape Architecture and editor Sang Lee have invited the authors and guests of the book ‘Aesthetics of Sustainable Architecture, amongst whom architect Reinier de Graaf, to lecture on the relation between practice and experiment in landscape architecture. BK City / Room A / 18:30 bk.tudelft.nl

Lezing

Mosa. Discussions: #1 Tactility with archtiects Nanne de Ru & Michael van Gessel 18.11.2011 Ter gelegenheid van de opening van het Mosa Architectural Centre op IJburg organiseert Koninklijke Mosa in samenwerking met de architectuurcentra ARCAM (Amsterdam) en TOPOS (Maastricht) een rondetafelgesprek met architect Nanne de Ru (Powerhouse Company) en landschapsarchitect Michael van Gessel. Mosa Architectural Centre (MAC) / Amsterdam / 16:30 / RSVP mosa.nl

Staff, students and interested parties from outside the faculty of Architecture, can visit the exhibition. A jury will consider all the exhibited plans on 8 November before selecting nine graduation plans to enter the national Archiprix on behalf of the faculty of Architecture. BK City, hallways ground floor and first floor

WEEK 47 Conferentie

Conferentie en publicatie Herbestemming van zorgvastgoed 24.11.2011 Tijdens de conferentie ‘Herbestemming van vastgoed in de zorg’ wordt het boek ‘Zorg voor leegstand – Herbestemmen van leegstaande kantoren naar woonzorggebouwen’ gepresenteerd. Het onderzoek voor het boek is gedaan door onderzoekers en docenten Real Estate and Housing Hilde Remøy en Theo van der Voordt. Sanatorium Zonnestraal / Hilversum / 12:30 / € 25 (studenten) / RSVP zorg.bnaevents.nl

Lecture

The Knight's Move: Andrea Schlieker 24.11.2011 The British freelance curator and author Andrea Schlieker will talk about the potential of art in public space. Currently she is the curator of the Folkestone Triennial in Great Britain, a highly ambitious project in public space, which aims to engage and inspire the local community. Before that Schlieker worked for the ICA and the Serpentine Gallery, London for many years. Stroom / Den Haag / 20.00 / € 5 / RSVP stroom.nl

TENTOONSTELLINGEN rXa - Recife Exchange Amsterdam ARCAM / Amsterdam 15.10.11 - 26.11.11

Architecture for One Euro Roodkapje / Rotterdam 22.10.2011 - 04.12.2011

Nieuwe energie in design en kunst

Museum Boijmans van Beuningen / Rotterdam 29.11.2011 - 26.02.2012

B Nieuws 03, 2011-2012 - 31 okt  

B Nieuws 03 out now! In this issue articles on the upcoming lecture of Heinrich Wolff (Noero Wolff Architects), the development of the ReVol...