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投资移民

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Inside This Issue 本期内容

“Tax residency program trend.” “为什么短短” “Alternative Residence Can Ease Financial Exposure Fears” “备选居留权可缓解对财务风险的恐惧” “Due Diligence in the Citizenship by Investment Industry” “投资移民行业尽职调查的重要性”

In Focus 本期看点 Cyprus 塞浦路斯 St Lucia 圣卢西亚 Antigua and Barbuda

安提瓜和巴布达 The Commonwealth of Dominica 多米尼加共和国 ... and more 以及更多内容

www.citizenshipinvestment.org www.citizenshipinvestment.org


Citizenship by Investment Summer 2017

目录 2017夏季

编者按 Orsolya Balogh

新闻快报 6 专栏 为什么短短个月内就有3个推出了投资入籍计划的加 勒比国家开放税务居民计划 13 备选居留权可缓解对财务风险的恐惧

16

投资移民行业尽职调查的重要性

24

全球住宅市场的复苏

Contents

购物天堂:全球指南

32

38

加勒比海最佳投资移民项目

42

英国脱欧与投资移民

36

国家聚焦 安提瓜和巴布达

Sponsored by

46

塞浦路斯

50

多米尼加共和国

60

希腊

70

81

92

96

Sponsored by

Sponsored by

马耳他 圣基茨和尼维斯 圣卢西亚 美国

Sponsored by

100

欢迎阅读2017年夏季《投资移民》 特刊——您获取移民和居留权一手 资讯的最佳选择。在此期刊中,我 们将着力对各种公民身份和居留权 选项进行评估,以便为您提供最新 最全的相关信息。此外,我们还将 指出高净值者在选择公民身份或居 留计划之前在理论和实际方面都该 考虑的问题。

本期刊将介绍全球范围内公民 身份和居留许可的最新资讯。杂志 的特色不仅会考虑从生活方式角度 投资房地产的最佳场所,还将提供 对全球住宅市场复苏的分析。在本 特刊中,我们反思了全球公民身份 和关闭边界的变化,并将谈及非居 住者个人税收法规的变化以及将财 产外包给专业受托人的优势。

除了我们的编辑功能,我们的 《国家聚焦》提供了欧洲,加勒比 海和美国等投资热点所需的所有关 键信息。这些聚焦点将讨论各国的 主要特征,从国家人口统计学到历 史和经济前景。 您可以在这里找到 关于每个公民计划的更多资讯。

欲了解更多信息和 新 请访问我 们的网站www.citizenshipinvestment. org。 或者,关注我们的Twitter@ CitizenbyInvest以便及时获取关于公 民身份和居留权的最新消息——例 如有关现存和研究中的计划的变 更和调整。我们还要致谢Beacon Events,感谢他们在第三届投资移 民问题首脑会议MENA中的合作关 系。

感谢您的阅读——我们希望 您享受本《投资移民》的最新期 刊。


Citizenship by Investment Summer 2017

Contents Summer 2017 News Alert 7 Features Tax residency program trend : Why 3 Caribbean CIP ................................. 12

Editor's Note Orsolya Balogh

Welcome to the 2017 Summer edition of Citizenship by Investment – your resource for citizenship and residency options. Throughout this edition, we aim to evaluate the various citizenship and residency options in order to provide you with the most up to date and relevant information available. Further to this, we review the logistical and practical considerations the

Alternative Residence Can Ease Financial Exposure Fears ............................. 14 Importance of Due Diligence in the Citizenship by Investment Industry .... 16 The Resurgence of the Global Residential Markets ....................................... 18 Shoppingtopia: A Global Guide ................................................................... 22 The Best of the Caribbeam Citizenship by Investment Programmes ����������� 30 Brexit and Investment Migration to the UK ................................................ 34

Antigua and Barbuda Cyprus

Sponsored by

Sponsored by

................................................................ 38

................................................................................................ 44

The Commonwealth of Dominica

Sponsored by

................................................. 56

Greece .......................................................................................................... 62 Grenada ....................................................................................................... 66 Malta............................................................................................................ 70 St. Kitts & Nevis .......................................................................................... 78 Saint Lucia ................................................................................................... 94 USA

Sponsored by

Published by BLS Media Ltd, info@blsmedia.co.uk www.blsmedia.co.uk Unit 5, ‘Hiltongrove N1’, 14 Southgate Road London N1 3LY

Editor info@blsmedia.co.uk Head Designer Bruno Silva

Besides our editorial features, our Country Spotlights provide all the crucial information needed about the investment hotspots of Europe, the Caribbean and the U.S. These spotlights discuss the main features of the countries, ranging from the demographics of the country to its history and economic future. Here is where you’ll find in-depth information about each citizenship program.

.......................................................................................... 98 BLS Media are contract publishers of high quality media for prestigious organisations, event organisers, governments and trade associations both in the United Kingdom and internationally. Our experienced publishing team will develop your publication from initial concept through to completion. Our services include: creative design, PR, advertising sales, sales training, editorial and distribution. Whilst every care has been taken in compiling this publication and the statements contained herein are believed to be correct, the publishers and the promoters will not accept responsibility for any inaccuracies. Reproduction of any part of this publication without permission is strictly forbidden. BLS Media make no recommendation in respect of any of the advertisers and no recommendation may be implied by way of the presence of their advertisements. Advertising: For advertising enquiries in future editions of contact Sam Hussain info@blsmedia.co.uk www.blsmedia.co.uk

For further information and updates, please visit our website, www.citizenshipinvestment. org. Alternatively, follow us on Twitter@ CitizenbyInvest, as we tweet about the latest news on citizenship and residency – be the first to find out about changes and tweaks to both pre-existing and developing programs. We would also like to acknowledge and thank Beacon Events for their partnership at the third Investment Immigration Summit MENA.

Thank you for reading – we hope you enjoy the latest edition of Citizenship by Investment.

Contents

Country Spotlights

UNHWI should be aware of before choosing a citizenship or residency program. We begin this issue with news alerts on the latest updates to citizenship and residency permits around the world. Features within the magazine do not only consider the best places to invest in property from a lifestyle perspective, but also offer an analysis of the resurgence in the global residential market. In this edition we reflect on the changes of Global Citizenship and closing borders, and we mention the changes in tax legislation for Non-Domiciled individuals and the advantages to outsourcing the care of an estate to a professional fiduciary.


Citizenship by Investment Summer 2017

新闻快报 Ü

塞浦路斯

将投资金额从250万下降到200万欧元。额外投资50万欧元,投资者的父母也可一同申请塞 浦路斯的公民身份。

Ü

圣基茨和维尼斯

将可一同申请公民身份的主申请人父母的最小申请年龄从65岁下调到了55岁,子女的最大 申请年龄从25岁上调到了30岁。

Ü

圣卢西亚

圣卢西亚目前已取消此前被设定为500份的最大申请限度。此外,50,000美元的手续费已被 自动添加到购买政府无息债券的项目中。申请人不必再达到必须拥有3,000,000美元净资产的经济 要求。圣卢西亚也调整了有关国家经济基金的投资要求,详情如下: 2016年价格(USD)

2017年价格(USD)

主申请人

200,000

100,000

主申请人与配偶

235,000

165,000

主申请人与配偶以及最多两名子女

250,000

190,000

25,000

25,000

每附加一位合格亲属

Ü

多米尼加

多米尼加降低了投资移民项目的申请费用,并将可一同申请第二国籍的子女的最大年龄从25 岁上调到了28岁。注意:多米尼加已将目前最优惠的投资移民项目的价格从100,000美元上调到 了175,000美元,但等到2017年才开始正式执行。

Ü

土耳其

土耳其推出了黄金签证计划,为向房地产市场投资超1,000,000美元的国外投资者提供居留 许可。

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Citizenship by Investment Summer 2017

News Alerts Ü

CYPRUS

Level of investment has been reduced from €2.5M to €2M. The parents of the investor can also apply for citizenship with an additional investment of €500,000.

Ü

ST KITTS AND NEVIS

The ages of dependent parents is being lowered from 65 to 55; financial dependents ages has been increased from 25 to 30.

Ü

ST LUCIA

Price in 2016 (USD)

Price in 2017 (USD)

Main applicant

200,000

100,000

Main applicant and spouse

235,000

165,000

Main applicant, spouse and upto two other dependents

250,000

190,000

25,000

25,000

Each additional qualifying dependent

Ü

News Alerts

St Lucia have removed the limit on maximum applications, which had been set at 500. In addition, an administration fee of $50,000 has been added to the purchase of non-interest bearing Government Bonds. Applicants also no longer need a net worth of $3,000,000 to apply. St Lucia have also changed the qualifying investments in the National Economic Fund, detailed below:

THE COMMONWEALTH OF DOMINICA

Dominica has lowered the application fee for its Citizenship by Investment program, as well as increasing the eligibility age of dependents from 25 to 28. ALERT: Currently the cheapest Citizenship by Investment program with prices starting at just $100,000, Dominica’s CBI program was set to be increased to $175,000. However, this cost increase has been postponed until 2017.

Ü

TURKEY

Turkey has launched a Golden Visa scheme that is set to offer a Residency Permit to those who invest more than $1,000,000 in Turkish real estate.

7


Citizenship by Investment Summer 2017

Tax residency program trend: Why 3 Caribbean CIP-countries have opened them in 2 months

Feature

T

ax residency programs are the dernier cri among Caribbean CIP countries. Saint Lucia, ever the trendsetter, kicked off the craze in Geneva on June 6th when Prime Minister Chastanet, during an exclusive interview with Investment Migration Insider, revealed that his government was rolling out a tax residency program together with the Headquarters Act. Some three weeks later, Saint Kitts & Nevis followed suit, with S&K CIU-head Les Khan announcing, in another exclusive interview with Investment Migration Insider, that they too would be launching a program that would allow investors to become tax residents of his country by residing there for two months a year. Tax residents, Khan said, would furthermore be eligible to convert to citizenship by upgrading their investment.

Finally, during a budget address recently, PM Roosevelt Skerrit disclosed that plans for a similar scheme were afoot also in Dominica.In the space of just two months, then, three Caribbean CIP-countries have stated their intentions to open tax residency programs, and there’s no reason to expect that Grenada and Antigua aren’t deliberating the same.

What’s driving the trend? And why now?

Chiefly, it’s the prospect of a non-negligible hike in FDI and tax revenue. PM Skerrit postulated that a tax residency program could raise more government revenue than all of Dominica’s income tax receipts combined, which currently bring in a trifling US$ 34 million. It wouldn’t take many UHNWI tax residents to put a serious dent in that figure. Saint Lucian PM Chastanet told Investment Migration Insider he wanted his country to become a Caribbean Monaco. If the right institutions, legal frameworks, and fiscal conditions are in place, there’s no reason it can’t be.

12 12

! Christian Nesheim

It’s also about economic diversification. The perpetual threat of having their Schengen-access removed hangs above Cairbbean CIP countries like a sword of Damocles, and their programs are, therefore, a tenuous source of revenue and not to be taken for granted. Leaders in most of these Caribbean countries understand this is a vulnerable position and that their economies need more legs on which to stand. Favorable tax and regulatory environments are, like visa-free access to Schengen, a competitive advantage, but unlike it, one that the EU and US may not unilaterally dismantle.

The industry has seen a recent tendency in

Although few are likely to admit it, the sudden fashionability of the residence element could be a preemptive effort to assuage American and EU concerns regarding applicants’ ability to obtain citizenships without needing to reside on the islands. If a significant subset of economic citizens were to spend considerable time in the Caribbean, it would perhaps make the programs more palatable to those expressing national security concerns.

pressed to find good arguments for why a small

the direction of more firm physical residence requirements, most recently evidenced by Cyprus’ bowing to EU pressure to mandate it. Increased physical residence does have a legitimizing effect on CBI, both domestically and among foreign bureaucrats. How much interest investors will show in these new tax residency programs remains to be seen. But even if it’s only moderate, you’d be hard country would not at least have a policy in place to keep the door open for people of means, should they wish to relocate to the West Indies. It’s free money, after all. Might as well signal a receptivity to it.


Citizenship by Investment Summer 2017

为什么短短 个月内就有3个推出了投资入籍计划的 加勒比国家开放税务居民计划

! Christian Nesheim

税务居民计划在推出了投资入籍计划的加 勒比国家中变得时髦起来。作为弄潮儿的 圣卢西亚于6月份在日内瓦率先掀起了狂 潮,圣卢西亚的总理艾伦•切尼斯特在同投 资移民知情者的专访中表示,该国即将推 出一个税务居民计划,同时出台的还有《 总部法案》。

被取消,这就像是一把悬在他们头上的达

大概3周后,圣基茨和尼维斯紧跟圣卢西 亚的脚步,该国移民局负责人莱斯•可汗在 同移民知情者的专访中,宣布他们将推出 一个新的计划,允许投资者成为该国的税 务居民,条件是在一年内住满两个月。莱 斯•可汗声称,税务居民要是再次提高投资 额的话,还将有资格申请入籍。

他们的护照可以免签入境申根的便利一样,

摩克利斯之剑。他们推出的投资入籍计划 收入微薄,护照免签入境申根的便利也不 是理所当然就该得到的。大多数加勒比国 家的领导人都认为他们处于弱势地位,他 们的经济需要更多的支撑腿来维持。如同 优惠的税收环境和监管环境也是他们的一 大优势。但是,欧盟和美国在这方面的篱 笆则扎得很紧。

尽管几乎没人承认,居住要求突然走红无 最后一个,在上周的一场预算会议上,多 米尼克总理罗斯福•斯凯里特透露,该国也 酝酿推出一个类似的项目。

疑是为了打消美国和欧盟的关切,后者怀 疑税务计划的申请人可以不用居住在相关 国家就可以入籍。但是如果大量的经济公 民在加勒比地区长期居住,这又会给那些

在短短2个月内,就有3个推出了投资入籍 计划的加勒比国家开放税务居民计划,人 们有理由揣测,格林纳达和安提瓜是否也 有同样的打算? 这个浪潮背后的原因是什么?为什么是现 在掀起了浪潮?

关注国家安全的人士落下口实。

这个行业最近的流行趋势是更长的居住要 求,比如最近的一个例子就是塞浦路斯屈服 于欧盟的压力,强制执行了居住要求。更长 的居住要求对投资入籍计划确实有法律效

一言以蔽之,税务居民计划非常有希望提 升相关国家的外商直接投资和税收。多米 尼克总理罗斯福•斯凯里特则认为税务居民 计划给政府带来的收入将会比多米尼克整 个国家的税收收入还要高,后者目前少得 可怜,仅为3400万美元。随随便便几个超 高净值人士都比这个高。圣卢西亚的总理 艾伦•切尼斯特则告诉投资移民知情者,他 希望他的国家可以成为加勒比地区的摩纳 哥。如果有适当的机制,法律框架,以及 财政状况,圣卢西亚没有理由实现不了这 个愿景。 税务居民计划也关乎经济多样性。推出了 投资入籍计划的加勒比国家一直面临威胁, 他们的护照免签入境申请的便利随时可能

应,不管是对国内还是国外的官员。

投资者对这些新推出的税务居民计划有多 少兴趣还有待观察。如果他们或多或少有 点兴趣的话,你很难找到理由解释,为什 么这样一个小国甚至连一个吸引有钱人的 政策都不出台,莫非你要让他们移民去西 印度群岛。不管怎么说,税务居民计划是 意外之财。我们不妨拭目以待。

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Citizenship by Investment Summer 2017

Alternative Residence Can Ease Financial Exposure Fears ! Dominic Volek, Head Southeast Asia, Henley & Partners

W

ealthy people place a premium on privacy, and for good reason. If their

personal information becomes available to the wrong sources, it can threaten their own safety and security as well as that of their families. This is especially true in developing countries where the regulations and safeguards may be lacking. Take the Common Reporting Standard (CRS) for example, which has been widely welcomed as a positive, globally coordinated move towards greater financial transparency and accountability.

Feature

But, with a second wave of CRS adopters expected to implement the standards in 2018, there is agrowing fear that critical data could potentially fall into the wrong hands.

Introduced by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), the CRS requires financial institutions to report account holder information to local tax authorities. These authorities automatically exchange that information with the other tax authorities in locations where those account holders are considered residents for tax purposes. The first phase of the CRS was initiated in 2017 and it is now coming into force in virtually every significant economy, apart from the US.

However, growing security concerns over this automatic exchange of information is prompting wealthy people to explore investment migration programs as a hedge against potential financial exposure, data theft and extortion. An increasing number of people are seeking alternative residence or citizenship in an unsettled world climate which has prompted an increased emphasis on physical safety and financial security. With the implementation of the CRS, high net worth individuals have been motivated to explore investment migration programs to reduce their risk profile and provide alternative options — for themselves and their families — in jurisdictions with a more secure and better regulated environment.

14 14

Establishing tax residence The CRS is based on tax residence and not citizenship, which offers high net worth individuals room to maneuver. While most countries consider residence as the key criterion for personal income taxation, the definition of who is and who isn’t resident varies considerably, from physical presence and availability of accommodation to where one’s assets are located. A change of residence to a suitable country is an increasingly important aspect of international planning for private clients. Various residenceand citizenship-by-investment programs can act as a bridge for those who wish to physically relocate and become tax resident in a country where the vital controls and regulations around cross-border sharing of information are in place. In addition, alternative residence and/or citizenship can provide access to a country where the overall situation is more favorable in terms of security, lifestyle, and the quality of education available to children.

Secure tax jurisdictions — Cyprus, Malta, Thailand The investment migration programs in Cyprus and Malta offer the highest amount of flexibility to high net worth individuals. Both Cyprus and Malta are members of the European Union (EU), therefore they provide their citizens with the same rights as any EU national, including legal, protection and settlement privileges throughout all 28 EU countries and Switzerland. These programs effectively provide 29 EU-based tax residence options and, therefore, much greater comfort in terms of the security and confidentiality of the information that will be shared as part of the Automatic Exchange of Information. Driven by its reputation for stability, predictability, and security, Malta has become one of Europe’s leading investment locations. The island nation also provides numerous financial incentives for residence and maintains a tax regime that encourages economic growth. The application process for the Malta Individual Investor Program (MIIP) is efficient and applies the world’s strictest due diligence standards and applicant vetting. As a former British colony,

Malta inherited a remittance-based tax system that provides foreign individuals who become tax resident with beneficial tax treatment. To be considered tax resident in Malta, individuals must spend more than 183 days per annum in the country. Cyprus has been a full member of the EU since 2004. The island is located in the southeastern Mediterranean Sea, at the crossroads of Europe, Asia and Africa. The strategic location of the island has played an important role in its development as a financial center. Cyprus offers a corporate tax rate of just 12.5% — one of the 20 lowest corporate tax rates in the world. And its residence- and citizenship-by-investment programs offer individuals access to an investorfriendly tax regime that is underpinned by double taxation protection agreements with 60 countries. Generally, individuals are considered tax resident in Cyprus if they spend more than 183 days per year in the country. In July 2017, however, the Cyprus parliament voted for a Cyprus tax law amendment adding a second test — the ‘60-day rule’ — for the purposes of determining Cyprus tax residence for individuals. As from tax year 2017, an individual will be considered a tax resident of Cyprus if the individual satisfies either the current ‘183-day rule’ or the new ‘60-day rule’ for the tax year. One tax residence option that has captured the imagination of international investors and mobile entrepreneurs is the Southeast Asian hub of Thailand. An individual is deemed to be tax resident in Thailand only if he stays there for an aggregate period of not less than 180 days within a calendar year. A resident of Thailand is liable to personal income tax on assessable income derived in Thailand and only from sources outside Thailand that are remitted into Thailand in the same year in which such income is derived (remittance in the following year is not subject to tax). The Thailand Residence Program was initiated by the Royal Thai Government to attract wealthy global citizens, families, investors and entrepreneurs who want to spend extended periods of time in the country and take advantage of its beneficial tax regime and affordable, but exceptionally high standard of living.


Citizenship by Investment Summer 2017

备选居留权可缓解对财务风险的恐惧 ! Dominic Volek, , 恒理环球顾问事务所有限公司(Henley & Partners)东南亚市场负责人 富裕人士向来重视隐私,而这不无道理。 个人信息泄露不但会威胁他们的人身安全, 更有可能牵

许多人不但希望移居,更希望选择对跨境

连家人安危。这一点在部分缺乏相关管理条 例及保障措施的发展中国家尤为如是。 以通用报告准则(CRS)为例,虽然这一准 则标志着世界各国开始携手促进财务透明 化、加强财务问责制,受到广泛欢迎。但 随着第二轮CRS采纳国将逐步于2018年起实 施这一准则,越来越多人担心重要的私人 信息可能落入错误渠道。 CRS由经济合作与发展组织(OECD)发起, 它要求金融机构向所在地税务机关报告账 户持有者的信息。税务机关会根据账户持 有人的纳税居民身份,将资料自动交给相 关国家。CRS的第一阶段已于2017年起施 行,并将在几乎所有的重要经济体推进, 美国除外。

居留权及投资公民身份项目是很好的桥梁。

然而,金融账户涉税信息自动交换引发的 安全担忧日益攀升,促使富裕人士探索投 资移民计划,以期避免潜在的财务、数据 窃取和敲诈勒索风险。

全球大环境不稳定促使人们更加重视人身 和财务安全,越来越多的人在探索备选居 留权或公民身份。CRS的实施促使高净值人 士积极探索投资移民计划,他们希望减少 风险状况,为自己和家人

信息共享有良好规管的国家,并且成为当 地的纳税居民。对于他们来说,各类投资

此外,备选居留权或公民身份意味着可以 选择在更为有利的环境生活,这主要体现 在一个国家的安全状况、生活方式以及孩 童教育方面。

安全的税务管辖区——塞浦路 斯,马尔他,泰国 塞浦路斯和马耳他的投资移民计划为高净 值人士提供最高的灵活度。 作为欧盟成员 国,两国公民享有与其他28个欧盟国家公 民同等的权利,包括在28国及瑞士的移动 自由,学习和工作自由,享受由当地法律 体系提供的保障。两国投资移民计划有效 地提供了29项欧盟纳税居留权的选择,因 此,在金融账户涉税信息自动交换安全性 和保密性方面也更令人安心。 马耳他以其稳定、安全及可预测性享誉世 界,是欧洲最优越的投资地点之一。这个 岛国为居民提供许多极富吸引力的财政激 励政策,维持着鼓励经济增长的税收制度。

建立纳税居留权 CRS的评判标准是居留权而非公民身份,这 一点为高净值人士创造了回旋余地。

虽然大多数国家认为居留权为是否缴纳个 人所得税的关键衡量标准,但是各国对“居 民"的定义有着很大差异,从个人实际处 身的地方、住房所在地,到资产所在地, 各有不同。

对于私人客户来说,移居至更合适的国家 已成为他们国际规划中日益重要的一部份。

纳税居民。但在2017年7月,塞浦路斯议会 投票通过了税法修正案,增加了第二个准 则 - “60天规则”,以此评定个人是否为纳 税居民。 从2017 税收年起,满足“183天规 则” 或 “60天规则”的纳税个人,即为该国 纳税居民。

马尔他个人投资者计划(MIIP) 的申请程序 高效且严谨,采用了世界上最严格的尽职 调查标准和申请人审核程序。 马耳他曾经 是英国殖民地,因而延续了其汇入制税收 制度,向作为纳税居民的海外人士提供税 收优惠。成为马耳他纳税居民需于一年内 在当地居住超过183天。

塞浦路斯是位于地中海东北部的岛国, 自 2004 年起成为欧盟正式成员。该国地 处欧、亚、非三大洲交界处,独特的战略 位置对其发展成为金融中心起到了重要作 用。塞浦路斯的公司税率仅为12.5%,是世 界上20个公司税率最低的国家之一。当地 税收制度有利于投资者,并与60个国家达 成了双重征税保护协议。 一般情况下,一 年中于塞浦路斯生活超过183天,即为当地

泰国作为东南亚的中心,其税收居留权计划 吸引了国际投资者和移动企业家的注意。 泰国纳税居民指在任意税收 (日历)年度中, 于泰国累计居住 180 天以上的人。泰国居 民有义务对来自泰国境内的收入以及在赚 取后同一年汇入泰国的部分外国收入纳税。 在来年汇入的收入则不必纳税。

泰国益利尊荣卡计划由泰国政府发起,旨在 吸引希望在该国生活更长时间、享受优越的 税收政策及高品质生活之富裕人士,包括 全球公民、家庭、投资者和企业家。

保障未来的战略 当今世界风云多变,越来越多人 士希望通过备选居留权或公民身 份为家人带来全球化的机会,拓 展自身商业利益。

世界各地的高净值人士担忧在 CRS体系下私人信息的去向,若 信息落入错误渠道,如面临潜在 的绑架勒索危险时,有何种应对 方案 。高端人才、富裕人士及其 家庭希望在全球各地运作,降低 财务风险,抵御外在威胁,备选 居留权及公民身份因而成为他们 珍贵的战略资产。

个人国际居留权及公民身份规划 必须符合其商业及个人情况与目 标。 咨询税务及公民身份规划方 面经验丰富的专家,可以帮助富 裕人士及其家庭在未来财务安全

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Citizenship by Investment Summer 2017

The Importance of Due Diligence in the Citizenship by Investment Industry Unlike other citizenship routes, citizenship by investment does not require applicants to demonstrate a connection to the country either by birth, descent, or lengthy residence. The strict due diligence and vetting of applicants is therefore vital in ensuring the longevity and prosperity of these programmes on a local and international level.

The ever-growing citizenship by investment industry is particularly popular among high net worth individuals and businesspersons, who seek a country with a credible programme in which to invest their monies. In exercising rigorous due diligence checks, countries enhance their programmes’ credibility. To do so, they must meet international best practice standards. The Caribbean is commendable for providing robust, transparent, and efficient programmes, exercising the most stringent due diligence checks; more so than other countries operating in the investor immigration sector. Highlighted below are the key factors that ensure a well-managed citizenship by investment programme. Service providers, also known as authorised agents, are persons or entities that assist applicants in acquiring second citizenship. Often, service providers will purport to be experts in the field of investor immigration, and will make implied warranties to the government that their clients are bona fide applicants. Issues however arise when such providers do not perform adequate checks on their clients, which may ultimately result in rejection of the application.

The Caribbean governments address this issue by regulating service providers. Service providers are vetted upon their initial application to become authorised by the government, and investigated to ensure that they have the necessary experience, knowledge, and resources to excel in the field of investor immigration. Authorised agents are reassessed on a regular basis to ensure that they are not breaching the terms of their licence.

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Acting as a bridge between the applicant and the government, authorised agents have a duty to perform internal due diligence on their clients. St Kitts and Nevis, in fact, requires such agents to submit proof of their internal checks as part of the application. Authorised agents who have a high volume of rejected applications risk losing their licence and being banned from any future participation in the programme.

! CS Global Partners

governments, so that they may assess whether the applicant is worthy of receiving citizenship. To cover the cost of these comprehensive background checks, the Caribbean nations levy due diligence fees on all applicants as part of the application costs. The transparency and integrity of a programme play an essential role in proving to locals that their citizenship is not awarded to individuals who are

Once an application is received by the relevant Citizenship by Investment Unit or Committee, the documents are examined by staff to ascertain compliance with the rules of the programme. The training that staff receive at the Unit lays particular focus on the detection of illicit activities, including financial crime, fraud, and money laundering. Further emphasis is placed on the secure storage of applications and confidentiality. Such practices are put into place to ensure that the programmes can face the challenges of today, as well as meet international standards. At the core of a programme’s reputation is its ability to thoroughly investigate applicants’ background to affirm their legitimacy before the granting of citizenship. With contemporary threats such as fraud, money laundering, and other criminal activity, programmes that are unable to perform adequate checks are vulnerable to rogue applicants looking to abuse the system to help facilitate illicit activities.

illicit actors, alleviating fears that the benefits and

The Caribbean citizenship programmes can serve as prime examples for their robust due diligence systems. External, internationally recognised due diligence firms are commissioned to perform a full independent background check on each applicant aged 16 or over.

In order to further safeguard their programmes,

rights that they enjoy with their citizenship may be interrupted. They are also key to demonstrating that the funds received through the programmes have a direct, positive impact on the lives of locals. For this reason, monies received into the Caribbean’s government funds are overseen by Parliament, and are allocated to a designated account that is routinely inspected. Expenditure linked to the account is often made public. On an international level, the ability of a programme to vet applicants to the highest standard results in the trust of allies and global partners. Such stakeholders need to be assured that citizenship is not awarded freely without proper checks on prospective citizens who will be awarded with citizenship status and international travel documents.

the Caribbean governments reserve the right to deny any application should they find out that the applicant provided misleading information. The governments may also deprive an applicant of his or her passport, should they later discover that the citizen has broken international laws or

Besides the standard INTERPOL and database checks, the due diligence agencies perform onthe-ground inspections to verify the information provided by an applicant in his or her application. The funds to be invested are closely scrutinised to ensure that they are not sourced from criminal activities. A report is compiled and presented to the

been involved in any activity that is likely to being disrepute to their nation.


Citizenship by Investment Summer 2017

投资移民行业尽职 调查的重要性

跟其他移民渠道相比,投资移民既不要求申 请人与移民国有血脉关联,也没有居住时长 的要求。所以严格的尽职调查和申请人审 查是保证这些项目长久和深受青睐的关键。 投资移民日益发展,可靠的投资移民项目在 高端人士和商务人士中尤其受欢迎。在执行 严格的尽职调查时,各个国家为加强其项 目的可信度,必须满足国际最佳表现标准。

加勒比海岸因提供坚实、透明、有效的项 目而享有盛名,在有投资移民项目的国家 中执行最严格的尽职调查。

以下是保证投资移民项目顺利进行的关键。 服务商,也称作授权代理,是指协助申请 者申请第二公民身份的个人或公司。通常 来说,服务商是投资移民行业的专家,他 们向政府承诺客户的真实合法性。但当服 务商没有履行到应尽的检查时,可能会最 终导致申请被拒绝。

加勒比政府通过管理控制服务商来解决这 一问题。在初级申请阶段,服务商为得到 政府授权,必须经过审查和调研,保证他 们在投资移民行业有足够的经验、知识和 资源。授权代理会接受重新评估,保证他 们不会违反条款。

作为申请人和政府间的桥梁,授权代理有责 任对客户进行内部的尽职调查。事实上, 圣基茨和尼维斯要求这些授权代理提交内 部检查的证明,作为申请的一部分。高拒 绝率则会让授权代理面临吊销许可、永久 不能再提交申请的风险。

投资移民委员会或投资移民局收到申请 后,工作人员会检查所有文件是否满足项 目的所有规定。他们在投资移民局接受专 门培训,可发现任何非法不当行为,包括 金融犯罪、诈骗和洗钱。之后的重点会放 在申请的安全和机密性上。这些都保证了项 目可以应对目前的挑战,并达到国际标准。 在公民身份申请成功前,是否有能力对申 请人的背景做详尽的调查以确保合法性, 是一个项目声誉的关键。当今时代面临着 各种威胁,比如诈骗、洗钱和其他诸多犯 罪行为,若项目不具备进行全面尽职调查 的能力,很容易被破坏系统的不法申请者 所打击扰乱。

! CS Global Partners

从国际的角度来说,以最高的标准对申请 人进行审查会赢得全球合作伙伴的信任。 他们往往需要确认投资移民项目对潜在申 请人进行严格审查后,才会授予公民身份 及国际旅行文件。 为了保证项目的安全性,加勒比政府若发 现申请人提供错误不当信息,有权利否决 申请。若发现申请人获得公民身份后违反 国际法律、或损害国家荣誉,政府也可能 会取消申请人的护照。

加勒比投资移民项目是拥有坚实可靠的尽 职调查系统的典范。外部国际认可的尽职 调查公司可对每个年满16岁的申请人进行 全面和独立的背景调查。

除了标准国际刑警组织和数据库检查,尽 职调查机构会通过实地检查确认申请人在 申请中提供的信息。针对投资资金会进行详 细检查,以确保资金来源是合法的。之后 将会生成一份报告提交给政府,用于评估 申请人是否有资格被授予公民身份。

加勒比国家针对如此详尽全面的尽职调查 程序,将尽职调查费用包含在申请人需要 缴纳的项目费用中。 项目保持高度透明和一致性,有利于向人 们表示,公民身份并不授予违法分子,第 二公民身份所享受的权益并不会受影响。同 时,也表明项目得到的资金对当地人们的生 活有直接和正面的影响。出于此原因,加 勒比政府收到的资金会受到议会的监督, 既定资金分配也受到例行检查,并公开此 账户的收入情况。

For more information contact: E: info@csglobalpartners.com T: (0044) 207 318 4343 www.csglobalpartners.com

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Feature

The Resurgence of  the Global Residential Markets

A

s globalisation came under political attack, 2016 was a tumultuous year that threatened the resilience of the global residential market. Through positioning themselves as innovation centres, cities around the globe have thrived since the financial downturn. For those questioning whether the uncertainty of the current political climate will have knock on ramifications to the global real estate market, data seems to suggest otherwise. The Knight Frank Global Price Index for Q3 of 2016 shows a 5.3% increase - the highest in two years. However, the fall out of 2016 is as of yet unclear. In addition to Brexit, experts have outlined potential challenges presented by the slowdown in the Chinese market and unpredictable changes in U.S policy. How the market will manage these threats remains to be seen - if last year is to be taken as an indicator, it will find a way to continue its steady growth. 2016 was a year of turmoil for Turkey. A failed coup, security threats and Russian sanctions curtailed investment. However, its political turmoil has not stopped the growth of its real estate market, which is arguably the strongest in the world at present.

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According to Frank Knight, Turkey has seen the largest growth in its residential market. Between the third quarter of 2015 and the third quarter of 2016, Turkey’s house price index saw an increase of 13.9%, the highest in the world. Following security threats and Russian sanctions investment has fallen since the same month one year prior; despite the circumstances, Istanbul house prices increased by 17.68%, Ankara by 9.16% and Izmir by 14.71%. In total, 7,493 houses were sold to foreigners in Istanbul, the country’s largest city. Commercial real estate in Turkey is also experiencing a dynamic growth period. Turkey’s young population, growing urbanisation and increasing consumer spending has had a positive influence on commercial real estate. Investors keen to capitalise on these opportunities have pushed expansion in the commercial market the total number of malls in Turkey was 337 in 2014, which rose to 361 in 2016 and is expected to reach 460 by the end of 2017. Turkey has recently introduced a Golden Visa scheme which will mean automatic residency for those who invest $1,000,000 in Turkish real estate.

The scheme means that Turkey will join Spain, Portugal, Cyprus, Greece and Malta, countries which have all seen growth driven by their offer of residency through real estate. The Turkish government hope to further drive growth through the incentive of residency - and the success of similar initiatives in Portugal and Cyprus suggests that their hope will become a reality. Following Turkey’s lead, Maltese house prices have also been rising due to demand and foreign investment. In the second quarter of 2016, statistics showed that prices had risen by 8.7% in comparison with the same quarter in the year before. The Central Bank of Malta have specified that the influx of foreign workers and to some extent, the Individual Investor Programme, have been a pillar of support to the increasing demand for housing. Further to this, the low interest environment has also been encouraging investment. Latvia is also one to watch. Average apartment prices had risen by 9.75% in the last quarter of 2016 in comparison to prices a year before.


Citizenship by Investment Summer 2017

Overall, several countries in Europe are showing promising signs of growth, in comparison to their weaker housing market counterparts in Asia and Russia.

Though not as high an increase as in Riga, rising house prices are consistent across the country; Ogre, Kauguri, Salaspils and Jelgava have all seen notable rises in housing price. In 2010, Latvia launched a scheme offering residency permits to foreigners who invest a certain amount in property. Since the launch, foreign ownership of Latvian real estate has grown considerably; today, foreigners account for 70% of property sales. The five year residency permit has been particularly popular with Russians, Ukrainians and Chinese buyers. It seems that the market will continue its growth as the Latvian economy is slowly improving, with unemployment down to 8% from 17% in 2012.

Amidst Cyprus’ economic recovery, house prices are also expected to rise following increased demand. Further more, the Cypriot government have introduced new laws that detail tax incentives, improve access to title deeds and the banking system as a whole. The revival of the economy is also expected to drive growth; the economy is expected to expand by 2% in 2017. Cyprus is another location that foreign buyers seek out due to the government-implemented Golden Visa scheme; its success is denoted by the rise of housing prices in seaside areas such as Paphos and Famagusta.

The economy of Bulgaria is also recovering from almost five years of stagnation. During the last quarter of 2016, house prices in Sofia rose by as much as 14.4%. Prices rising can be linked to the fact that limited new construction restricts supply, with demand for the larger cities continuing to increase. 2016 has also seen the rise in demand of vacation properties located in resorts and at the seaside. Driven by a large return on investment, it seems that the Bulgarian property market will continue to show strong growth in 2017.

Another European country to see high price rises is Germany; during the financial crisis of 2009, Germany avoided a house-price slump. Now, low interest mortgage rates are encouraging growth, which is as high as 8%. Demand in Germany is soaring due to the high influx of refugees, work related immigration, low levels of new construction and strong economic growth. Germany remains an economic powerhouse in Europe, and growth levels are forecasted to be at 3.7% over the coming year.

Currently, the strongest housing market in Europe is Iceland. Housing prices across the country rose by 10.85% in the third quarter of 2016, which was higher than the annual rise of 5.27% a year prior. Strong demand and low supply are reinforcing the growth trend. Romania’s housing market is almost as strong as that of Iceland, with the average selling price rising by 9.2% in the third quarter of 2016. Of late, the housing market has been bolstered by strong economic growth and a construction boom. Positive growth is not being witnessed around the globe, despite growth being a consistency across Europe. The last quarter of 2016 saw house prices in Russia decline by 11%, Brazil by 8% and Hong Kong by 6%. Russia is still recovering from a financial crisis caused by intervention in Syria, low oil prices and the war in Ukraine. Amidst both an uncertain political future and an economic depression, Brazil’s housing market is floundering. Finally, Hong Kong is also seeing declines, but it is worth mentioning that though prices have fallen, the fall was less than the fall one year prior. Overall, several countries in Europe are showing promising signs of growth, in comparison to their weaker housing market counterparts in Asia and Russia. Iceland, Germany and Romania stand out as strong growth models. Economies continue to recover from the financial crisis, a good indicator that growth will continue in 2017. However, as the world’s political stage grows more fraught, the future of the global residential market appears threatened, though it is as of yet too early to call the end of the boom.

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Citizenship by Investment Summer 2017

Feature

全球住宅市场的复苏

于遭受政治攻击的影响,2016年局 势动荡不安,全球住宅的市场的 应变能力受到考验。通过将自己的城市 定位为创新中心,全世界的城市都在金 融衰退之后再次蓬勃发展。对于那些针 对当前政治气候的不确定性是否会对全 球房地产市场产生影响提出的质疑,数 据资料似乎在暗示一些其他东西。2016 年第三季度的Knight Frank全球价格 指数上涨5.3%——这是两年来的最高涨 幅。然而,2016年的跌幅目前为止尚不 明确。除英国脱欧外,专家还介绍了中 国市场放缓所带来的潜在挑战以及美国 政策难以预料的变化。市场如何应对这 些威胁还有待观察——如果将去年作为 一个指标,将会找到一条继续稳步增长 的途径。 2016年对土耳其来说是动荡的一 年。政变失败、安全威胁与俄罗斯削减 投资的经济制裁。但是,其动荡不安的 政治局势并未影响到土耳其房地产市场 的增长,这绝对是世界上最强劲的房地 产市场之一。

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据Frank Knight说,土耳其的住宅 市场是目前全世界增速最快的。在2015 年第三季度到2016年第三季度之间, 土耳其房价指数同比上涨13.9%,创历 史新高。在安全威胁和俄制裁之后,投 资比去年同期下降;尽管如此,伊斯坦 布尔的房价上涨了17.68%,安卡拉则上 涨9.16%,伊兹密尔上涨了14.71%。全国 最大城市伊斯坦布尔共向外国人出售了 7,493套房产。 土耳其的商业房地产也正处于蓬勃 发展期。土耳其的年轻人口,城市化程 度的不断扩大和消费支出的增加都对商 业地产产生了很多积极影响。热衷于利 用这些机会的投资者推动了商业市场的 扩张——2014年土耳其的购物商场总数 为337家,2016年上升至361家,且有望 在2017年底增至460家。 土耳其政府近期推出了一项黄金签 证计划,这意味着向土耳其房地产市场 投资超100万美元的投资者将自动获得居 留许可。该项计划意味着土耳其即将加 入西班牙、葡萄牙、塞浦路斯、希腊和

马耳他这些国家,通过房地产行业向投 资者提供居留许可从而推动经济增长。 土耳其政府希望通过居留许可进一步推 动国家经济的发展——葡萄牙和塞浦路 斯的同类举措已取得成功,表明土耳其 政府的期望有望成真。 跟随着土耳其房地产市场的脚步, 马耳他的房价因为购房需求和外商投资 也在持续上涨。2016年第二季度的统计 数据显示,价格同比上一年度同季度增 长了8.7%。马耳他中央银行指出,外国 劳工的涌入,在某种程度上是个人投资 者计划,是支持住房需求日益增长的支 柱。此外,低利率环境也刺激了国外投 资的增长。 拉脱维亚也是需要关注的一个国 家。与去年同期相比,2016年最后一季 度平均住房价格上涨了9.75%。尽管房价 并未高过Riga,但全国房价都在持续上 涨;Ogre、Kauguri、Salaspils和Jelgava 这四个城市的房价都出现了较为明显的 涨幅。2010年,拉脱维亚启动了一项计 划,开始向在本国进行房地产投资的外


Citizenship by Investment Summer 2017

总而言之,与亚洲 和俄罗斯较弱的房 地产市场相比,欧 洲几个国家都显示 出了有希望的增长 迹象。

国投资者提供居留许可。自从这项计划 推出以来,拉脱维亚房地产市场的外资 占有率大幅增长;目前,外资购买占房 地产销售的70%。该国的五年居留许可 证非常受俄罗斯、乌克兰和中国买家的 欢迎。随着拉脱维亚经济的缓慢增长, 其房地产市场也将继续保持着上涨的趋 势,该国失业率也从2012年的17%下降到 了目前的8%。 保加利亚的经济也开始在近五年的 发展停滞中逐渐恢复活力。在2016年 最后一个季度,索菲亚的房价涨幅高达 14.4%。房价上涨可能与新建住宅的限 制供应有关,大城市的购房需求持续上 涨。2016年度也出现了度假村与海滨度 假物业购买需求的增长。由于投资回报 率较高,保加利亚的房地产市场似乎在 2017年也将继续保持强劲增长。 在塞浦路斯的经济复苏中,随着 购房需求的增加,房价也将有所上涨。 此外,塞浦路斯政府还出台了新的法 律,详细列明税收优惠政策, 改善所 有权契约与整个银行体系。经济复苏也

有望拉动经济增长;经济预计在2017 年将扩大2%。由于政府实施的黄金签证 计划,塞浦路斯成为了外国投资者寻找 的理想投资地;它的成功表现在帕福斯 (Paphos)和法马古斯塔(Famagusta) 这样的海滨地区房价的上涨。 另一个房价上涨明显的欧洲国家是 德国;在2009年经济危机期间,德国避 免了房价的大幅下跌。现在,低息抵押 利率已被鼓励增至8%。由于大量难民涌 入德国,移民相关工作,新建住宅水平 低,经济增长强劲。德国仍然是欧洲经 济强国,预计未来一年的经济水平将达 到3.7%。 目前,欧洲住房市场最火热的国家 是冰岛。2016年第三季度全国房价上涨 10.85%,高于去年同期的5.27%。其强劲 的购房需求与房地产市场的低供应量共 同促进了房价的上涨。罗马尼亚的房地 产市场几乎与冰岛一样强劲,2016年第 三季度的平均销售价格上涨了9.2%。最 近,房地产市场受到强劲的经济增长与 建筑热潮的共同支撑。

虽然欧洲各国的经济增长一致,但 全球经济并未正面增长。2016年最后一 个季度,俄罗斯房价下跌11%,巴西下跌 8%,香港下跌6%。俄罗斯在干预叙利亚 事务、低油价和乌克兰战争导致的金融 危机中缓慢复苏。在尚不确定的政治前 景与经济萧条下,巴西的房地产市场困 难重重。最后,香港房价也有所下降, 但值得一提的是,虽然价格下跌,但低 于一年前的下跌幅度。 总而言之,与亚洲和俄罗斯较弱的 房地产市场相比,欧洲几个国家都显示 出了有希望的增长迹象。冰岛、德国和 罗马尼亚则以强劲的涨幅在一众欧洲国 家中脱颖而出。经济持续在经济危机中 得到恢复,这是将在2017年继续增长的 良好指标。然而,随着世界政治舞台的 扩大,全球住宅市场的未来发展似乎受 到威胁,尽管目前担心还为时过早。

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Feature

Shoppingtopia: A Global Guide

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ne of the largest benefits of international travel is the opportunity it presents to try new foods, experience new cultures and explore a new reality. No city is the same, and as a result, shops around the world sell different stock to their counterparts in different countries. The heavy coats you find in a London Zara will not be what you find in Barcelona, and keen shoppers will know that travel means excellent new additions to wardrobes and daily life. If you’re travelling with a new citizenship, it can be daunting to know exactly what is on offer and where - so we’ve put together a small guide on cities in the Caribbean, the USA and Europe.

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Antigua and Barbuda

If there is ever a time that the phrase life’s a beach applies, it’s during a visit to the Caribbean’s sunshine child, Antigua and Barbuda. If you can drag yourself away from lapping up the sunshine by the sea, venture out to Heritage Quay to lose yourself in some duty free shopping. Not only can you shop in the sunshine, but with prices much lower than the standard European / U.S prices, purchasing designer clothes, jewellery and watches becomes entirely guilt free. Located in St. John’s,

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the shopping district is peppered with the island’s famous candy coloured buildings. For those who might say shopping isn’t a cultural activity, steel bands and local entertainers provide a charming atmosphere and a chance to stop, admire and rest your shopped out feet. Moreover, shopping hours extend past the Antigua norm - the 9-5 timetable provides all the time you need to snap up a designer bargain. St. John’s Heritage Quay is not the only shopping centre on the island. If you’re after locally made gifts and handicrafts, the shops in Redcliffe Quay are sure to stock the perfect option. The harbour was once the main quay for the coffee, sugar and rum trade, but today the buildings house restaurants, bars and shops. Be sure not to miss Redcliffe Quay’s dazzlingly coloured buildings - rumoured to be the prettiest buildings on the island, the bright colours provide the perfect backdrop for an unhurried afternoon stroll. With such options, it’s easy to forget that St. John’s is also home to a downtown area with many shops that sell a variety of clothes, grocery and gift shops. One guarantee about shopping in Antigua and Barbuda is that you will be spoiled for choice visitors and residents enjoy world class shopping in a fabulous destination.

The heavy coats you find in a London Zara will not be what you find in Barcelona, and keen shoppers will know that travel means excellent new additions to wardrobes and daily life.


Citizenship by Investment Summer 2017

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Dubai

Dubai is synonymous with glitz and glam. Home to its own shopping festival, Dubai is known globally for its shopping - both for the items available, and for the luxurious environments that surround the boutiques. The Dubai mall embodies the spirit of Dubai shopping; with an aquarium, theme park, and an ice rink as well as 1,200 shops and 200 food outlets, it is safe to say that the Dubai Mall is one of a kind and a necessary visit for any avid shopper. From well known international brands and designers to local wares in the Sooq, the Dubai mall offers astonishing variety. The top floor is home to the Burj Khalifa, the observation deck that allows visitors to admire the view from the tallest building in the world. In addition to the Dubai mall, the Mall of the Emirates is another intriguing shopping destination which boasts a large range of shops as well as an indoor ski slope. Away from the hustle and bustle of the inner-city malls, The Dubai marina mall is less hectic than its counterparts. Small on a Dubai scale but linked to by the tram, it should be on any shopper’s to-do list. With cruises available from the marina, consider dedicating some of your visit to Dubai to a day out on the water. Combine shopping with romance by taking an evening walk along the waterside promenade; views of Dubai’s impressive skyscrapers

are abundant, and there are many restaurants along the 7km walkway. The marina mall is located at the end of the walk; though shopping may be more limited than the Dubai mall, the marina mall certainly has a lot to offer visitors - including a cinema and stunning views of the marina. For a shopping experience outside of Dubai’s malls, the Souk Madinat Jumeirah (Market of Jumeirah City) is perfect for gift shopping and for taking a small boat trip along the Souk’s Venice-like canals. With views of the Burj Khalifa, the Souk features restaurants and coffee shops - visit at night to admire both the views and the illuminated Souk.

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New York

New York City’s reputation for excellent shopping is known world over. From designer boutiques to department stores, the Big Apple has something for everyone - and many options for shoppers interested in high end wares. A sure attraction for die-hard shoppers in New York is Fifth Avenue. One of the most expensive cities in the world, Fifth Avenue runs from the north side of Manhattan to the south side. The shopping in Fifth Avenue is hugely varied, and some of NYC’s biggest tourist attractions, the Empire State Building and the Rockefeller Centre are found among some of the

biggest names in fashion. Between the 30th and 60th blocks, the discerning shopper will find Prada, Louis Vuitton, Tiffany and Co and Versace. Fifth Avenue isn’t the only street to carry exclusive brands. Running parallel to Fifth Avenue is Madison Avenue, named after President James Madison and home to boutique stores. Dolce & Gabbana, Roberto Cavalli, Celine, Givenchy and Valentino are just a few of the big names that attract visitors year in, year out. Don’t miss out - Madison Avenue is also known for extravagant window displays that captivate passersby. NYC is renowned for its department stores. Saks, Bloomingdales, Bergdorf Goodman’s and Macy’s are some of the city’s biggest - Bloomingdales and Macy’s span an entire city block each. They offer a huge variety of goods on many different floors. For Macy’s, international visitors can apply for a discount card online - the discount is 10%. The shop has 9 floors, and having been open since 1902, is as much of a cultural attraction as it is a vibrant shopping destination. For those who prefer a mall experience, why not try Brookfield Place, located in lower Manhattan? Diana Von Furstenburg, Gucci, Burberry, Hermès and Michael Kors are just a few of the shops that are available.

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Citizenship by Investment Summer 2017

London wouldn’t be London without the capital’s iconic department stores. One can find almost anything in Harrods.

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Citizenship by Investment Summer 2017

With a wide selection of restaurants, Brookfield Place poses an alternative to the hectic Fifth Avenue, and a chance for the shopper to try chef driven eateries after a long day of chasing down the best styles.

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Paris

Don’t worry if you don’t speak any French - for shopping, the only words you need are “Bonjour” and “J’adore”. Long known as the fashion capital of Europe, Paris is a natural candidate for the list of the best shopping destinations in the world. From specialist markets to luxury malls and boutiques, Paris is a shopping hub. Paris is famous for its exclusive streets, filled from start to finish with high end fashion houses. The three streets that any luxury shopper must visit are Rue St Honoré, Avenue Montaigne and Avenue des Champs Élysées. Along these famous avenues, the fashion labels include Lanvin, YSL, Guerlain, Fendi, Bulgari, Chanel, Valentino and Lancel. As years have gone by, the Champs Élysées has gradually become a home to more accessible fashion, such as Zara, H&M and Benneton. Despite the shift toward high street fashion, it remains one of the most beautiful streets in Europe. The capital is no stranger to luxury department stores. The most revered is Galeries Lafayette; with its flagship store located on Boulevard Haussman and took as much as 1 billion euro in profit in 2009. The company also operates in Jakarta, Casablanca, Beijing, Berlin and Milan. The Paris store houses an extraordinary amount of luxury brands in an aweinspiring ornate setting.

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London

and a paradise for luxury shoppers. Mount Street in Mayfair is one of the most prestigious shopping areas in the capital. It boasts a mix of antique dealers, luxury brands and niche boutiques. Find the likes of Alexander McQueen and Saint Laurent in Mayfair’s Dover Street Market. Following Mayfair, Sloane Street is home to Tom Ford, Armani, Valentino and Roberto Cavalli. Bond Street is another competitor for the luxury shopping crown; Jimmy Choo, Burberry and Chanel are just a few of the distinguished brands that call Bond Street home. London wouldn’t be London without the capital’s iconic department stores. One can find almost anything in Harrods - from sushi to a Rodin replica in silver, Harrods is a rarity among department stores. Having sold everything from diamond manicures, yachts and crystal bathtubs, no store knows luxury goods like Harrods. Fortnum & Mason is another historic English store; having been founded in 1705, it is known for its bespoke hampers and afternoon tea. Its shoppers can enjoy a quintessential British experience within its walls. To visit a luxury mall, try Westfield London. Located in Shepherd’s Bush, Westfield’s luxury village features Prada, Tiffany and Co and Mulberry, as well as a wide variety of international luxury brands. A personal shopper and stylist can be organised to ensure that the most is made of the shops on offer.

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Conclusion

With the right planning and know how, shopping in new cities can be easy. One certainty is that your wardrobe will thank you for all of your international travel - they say money never sleeps, but neither does fashion.

Pack your umbrella, but leave a lot of room in your suitcase - the shopping in London is world famous

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Feature

购物天堂:全球指南

际旅行的最大优点之一就是可以品 尝新美食,体验新文化,探索一个 全新的现实世界。每座城市都是独一无 二的,世界各地的商店都会因为经营所 在地的变化而出售不同类型的商品。你 在伦敦Zara发现的一件厚大衣与你在巴 塞罗那看到的肯定不是同一件,而目光 敏锐的购物者都知道,旅行是衣柜和日 常生活最具吸引力的消遣方式。如果你 以一个新公民的身份去旅行,想要确切 知道在当地该去哪里购物以及该买什么 商品是有些困难的——所以我们做了一 个包括加勒比地区、美国和欧洲在内的 这些城市的一个旅游指南。

Ü 安提瓜和巴布达 如果你在度假期间去过安提瓜和巴 布达,就会深刻理解“生活就像一片沙滩” 这句话。如果你可以把自己拖到海边的 阳光下,前往Heritage Quay可以去很多 免税商店里尽情购物。您不仅可以在享 受热带的阳光下购物,这里的商品价格 远低于欧洲/美国的标准价格,游客们可 以放心的购买各种名牌服装,珠宝首饰 和名贵手表。位于圣约翰的购物区,穿 插着岛上著名的糖果色建筑。有些游客 可能会认为购物不是文化活动,钢鼓乐 队和当地艺人为游客们提供了一个迷人 的音乐文化氛围,让游客们在购物之余 也可以停下来歇息片刻,驻足欣赏。此

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外,安提瓜和巴布达政府为游客们延长 了商场营业时间——9-5的时间表保证您 随时都可以安心购物。 位于圣约翰(St. John)的Heritage Quay并不是岛上唯一的购物中心。如 果你喜欢岛上的手工制品,那就一定不 能错过位于Redcliffe Quay的各种手工艺 品商店。这个港口曾经是运输咖啡、糖 和朗姆酒的主要码头,但是现在这里的 建筑物都变成了餐厅、酒吧和商店。游 客们千万不要错过Redcliffe Quay的那些 鲜艳夺目的建筑,建筑物的明艳色彩为 游客们悠闲的午后漫步曾添了一道赏心 悦目的完美背景。在码头漫步的悠闲时 光中,人们很容易忘记圣约翰还有售卖 琳琅满目的服装、杂货和礼品的商店。 可以保证的是,在安提瓜和巴布达的购 物区有数之不尽的商品货物可供您挑 选——游客和有居留许可的外国人都可 以在这里享受到世界顶级的购物体验。

Ü 迪拜 迪拜是富丽堂皇和炫目奢华的代 名词。这座城市有自己的购物节,迪拜 也因购物而全球闻名——既能购买到大 量的商品,精品店周围的环境也十分豪 华。迪拜购物中心完美诠释了迪拜的购 物精神;拥有一座水族馆、主题公园、 溜冰场以及1,200家商店和200家食品店,

在伦敦Zara发现的 一件厚大衣与在巴 塞罗那看到的肯定 不是同一件,而目 光敏锐的购物者都 知道,旅行是衣柜 和日常生活最具吸 引力的消遣方式。


Citizenship by Investment Summer 2017

可以肯定地说,迪拜购物中心是每个购 物爱好者的必经之地。从知名国际品牌 和设计师到Sooq的当地商店,迪拜购物 中心为游客们提供的商品数量、种类惊 人。顶楼销售的品牌是Burj Khalifa,游客 们可以在这座世界最高摩天楼的观景台 上欣赏这座繁华城市。除迪拜购物中心 之外,阿联酋购物中心也是一个值得一 逛的好地方,它拥有大量的商店以及一 个室内滑雪场。 远离市中心购物商场拥挤与喧嚣, 迪拜码头购物中心显得更加悠闲清净。 规模较小但有电车直达,每个购物者都 值得来这里游览一番。在码头可以乘船 游览,游客们可以坐船在水上游玩一整 天。晚间沿着滨水长廊一边散步,一边 购物,气氛非常浪漫;迪拜令人印象深 刻的摩天大楼让人目不暇接,这7公里的 人行道上沿街有许多餐厅。滨海购物中 心位于这条长廊的尽头,虽然商品种类 可能比起迪拜购物中心较有限,但滨海 购物中心为游客们提供了更多的娱乐活 动和优质服务——包括电影院和码头的 优美景观。 对于迪拜购物商场以外的购物体 验,朱美拉露天市场(位于朱美拉城的 市场)是游客们购买礼物商品的首选之 地,人们可以坐在一艘小船上游览集 市——向威尼斯的运河那样。这里有哈 利法塔、露天市场、特色餐馆和咖啡厅

供游客驻足消遣,在夜晚时分游客们可 以欣赏到被灯光照亮的露天夜市。

Ü 纽约 纽约一流的购物体验被全世界的购 物爱好者所称赞。从世界名牌到百货公 司,任何人都能够在纽约找到自己想要 的东西——对高端商品感兴趣的购物者 在这里有很多购物选择。 纽约的第五大道对很多购物者来 说都具有极大的诱惑力。纽约作为世界 上最昂贵的城市之一,第五大道由北向 南横穿曼哈顿。第五大道上的购物选择 非常丰富,一些纽约最大观光地,帝国 大厦和洛克菲勒中心,穿插在一些时尚 界高端品牌之间。在第30到第60街区 之间,购物爱好者们将会在这里发现 Prada、LouisVuitton、Tiffany和Versace 等一众奢侈品牌。 第五大道并不是纽约唯一的 一条奢侈品购物街道。平行于第五 大道的麦迪逊大道,以美国前总统 詹姆斯·麦迪逊(James Madison) 的名字命名,这里坐落着许多精品 商店。Dolce & Gabbana、Roberto Cavalli、Celine、Givenchy和Valentino这 几大品牌是数年来麦迪逊大道吸引游客 们前来的一大亮点。千万不要错过——

麦迪逊大道也因那些吸引过路人的奢侈 品牌的橱窗展示而闻名于世。 纽约市因百货商店而世界闻名。 萨克斯百货(Saks)、布卢明代尔百货 公司(Bloomingdales)、波道夫·古德 曼(Bergdorf Goodman)和梅西百货 (Macy)都是纽约最大的百货商城—— 布卢明代尔百货公司和梅西百货几乎占 领了整个城市的每个街区。他们在各个 不同的楼层提供各种不同的商品。对于 梅西百货,国际游客可以在线申请折扣 为10%的优惠卡。这座百货大楼一共有九 层,自1902年开始营业以来,这座商城 的活力使它越来越具有文化吸引力。 对于那些喜欢购物中心的游客来 说,位于下曼哈顿区的布鲁克菲尔德广 场(Brookfield Place)无疑是一个好去 处。Diana Von Furstenburg、Gucci、 Burberry、Hermès和MichaelKors这些奢 侈品牌都仅仅是冰山一角。布鲁克菲尔 德广场拥有各种各样的餐厅,为繁忙拥 挤的第五大道提供了另一种选择。在追 逐了一天的时尚风格之后,游客们可以 在餐厅里坐下来品尝一下店里的美食。

Ü 巴黎 即使不会说法语游客们也不必 担心——对于购物来说,你只需要会

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如果没有这些标志性的 百货商店,那伦敦就不 能被称之为伦敦。顾 客几乎可以在哈罗兹 (Harrods)找到任何 想要购买的商品。

说“Bonjour”和“J'adore”这两个词汇就可 以了。作为欧洲的时尚之都,巴黎是时 尚爱好者心中的世界上最完美的购物城 市。从特定市场到奢侈品商场和各种精 品店,巴黎整座城市就是个购物中心。 巴黎以其独特的街道而闻名,整条 街道上的高端时尚住宅鳞次栉比。圣· 安诺赫街(Rue St Honoré)、蒙田大道 (Avenue Montaigne)、和香榭丽舍大 道(AvenuedesChampsÉlysées)是任何 奢侈品爱好者都必逛的三条街道。沿着 这些著名的大道,坐落在这里的各种奢 侈品牌包括Lanvin、YSL、Guerlain、 Fendi、Bulgari、Chanel、Valentino和 Lancel。经过很多年的变化,香榭丽舍大 道逐渐有了一些轻奢的亲民品牌入驻, 如Zara、H&M和Benneton。尽管这条大 道正在向高街时尚的方向转型,但它仍 是欧洲最美丽的街道之一。 巴黎作为法国首都对奢侈百货商城 向来不陌生。其中最受人尊敬的是巴黎 老佛爷百货公司(Galeries Lafayette); 它的旗舰店坐落于奥斯曼大道 (BoulevardHaussman),2009年获得了 10亿欧元的利润。该公司还在雅加达、 卡萨布兰卡、北京、柏林和米兰等城市 开设了多家分店。巴黎商店中的名贵奢 侈品琳琅满目,奢侈品牌数不胜数,奢 华的购物环境也令人惊叹连连。

Ü 伦敦 拿好你的雨伞,但要把你的手提箱 留下大块空间——伦敦是闻名世界的奢 侈品购物者的天堂。 位于梅费尔(Mayfair)的蒙特街 (Mount Street)是伦敦最负盛名的购 物区。蒙特街向来以位于这条街上的古

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董商、奢侈品和小众精品店而而颇为自 豪。游客们可以在梅费尔的多佛街市场 (DoverStreetMarket)上找到Alexander McQueen和SaintLaurent这样的品牌。紧 随梅费尔的是斯隆街(Sloane Street), 这里有Tom Ford、Armani、Valentino和 Roberto Cavalli等一众奢侈品牌。邦德大 街(Bond Street)也是一条极具竞争力 的奢侈品购物街;JimmyChoo、Burberry 和 Chanel仅仅是这条大街上入驻的奢侈 品牌之一。 如果没有这些标志性的百货商店, 那伦敦就不能被称之为伦敦。顾客几乎 可以在哈罗兹(Harrods)找到任何想要 购买的商品——从寿司到银制罗丹复制 品,哈罗兹是一座难以被超越和替代的 百货商店。这里的商品品类繁多,从钻 石美甲到游艇和钻石浴缸,没有人能比 哈罗兹更熟悉奢侈百货。佛特南&梅森百 货公司(Fortnum & Mason)是历史上最 古老的英国商店;这座百货公司建立于 1705年,因订做食盒与下午茶而出名。 在这里购物可以体验到原汁原味的传统 英国文化。 如果要参观奢侈品商场,那游客 们一定不能错过伦敦西田(Westfield London)。商场位于Shepherd’sBush, 有Prada、Tiffany和Mulberry等奢侈品牌 入驻。游客们可以在这里挑选到很多自 己心仪的商品。

Ü 总结 提前做好旅游攻略,游览一座新城 市就会变得轻松而有趣。有一点可以确 定的是,你的衣柜一定会感谢你的这趟 国际之旅——他们总是说金钱永不眠, 其实时尚也是。


Citizenship by Investment Summer 2017

The Best of the Caribbean Citizenship by Investment Programmes ! CS Global Partners

Feature

I

ndividuals looking to complement their existing wealth protection and investment growth strategies, improve their personal security, increase confidentiality in their personal affairs, or looking to travel globally at short notice, would benefit significantly from alternative citizenship and a second passport. Currently the most popular opportunities of this nature are offered by the countries of St Kitts and Nevis, Dominica, Grenada, and St Lucia. St Kitts and Nevis established the first economic citizenship programme in 1984. The Commonwealth of Dominica followed suit in 1993. Grenada introduced its Programme in 2013. Finally, and most recently from the Caribbean islands, in January 2016 St Lucia announced the launch of its Programme to the market. The popularity of these programmes is unparalleled to other programmes because they offer a seamless application process completed within 90 days; with no residence requirement, no business or education criteria and no risk to the client’s investment, as the investment is only made after application approval has been granted.

Ü St Kitts and Nevis and its Citizenship by Investment Programme Considered the blueprint of the citizenship by investment programmes, St Kitts and Nevis allows applicants and their families to obtain citizenship of the country, with no residency requirement, in exchange for an investment made into the country.

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Citizens of St Kitts and Nevis can access secure means of protecting their assets and wealth, not to mention business opportunities in one of the Caribbean’s most flourishing economies.

Ü The Commonwealth of Dominica and its Citizenship by Investment Programme

The Government’s continued commitment to the success of the Programme is evident from its efforts to achieve excellence, and recalibration of Programme components when necessary. For example, in September 2016, the Prime Minister announced the appointment of Les Khan as the new Chief Executive Officer of the Citizenship by Investment Unit, the Government body responsible for processing citizenship applications. Mr Khan has a long history of working in regulatory compliance, and for 18 months prior to his assignment worked to restructure the Unit, aiming to provide a ‘The Platinum Standard’ of citizenship by investment. In other words, Mr Khan is committed to highest level of competency, transparency, and effectiveness, to continue to inspire trust in the Programme and citizenship of St Kitts and Nevis. As a direct result of these reforms, in 2016 St Kitts and Nevis witnessed huge improvements to processing times, returning an approval in principle on a successful application in as little as 45 working days – one of the fastest turnaround periods across the citizenship by investment arena.

Dominica is fast asserting itself as a business and investment hub, and, by its dedication to entrepreneurship, is attracting luxury brands such as the Kempinski and Curio Collection by Hilton, and establishing a booming construction sector that today draws investors from across the globe.

Applicant to the Programme, can choose to make a contribution to the Sugar Industry Diversification Foundation (SIDF) starting from USD250,000, or an investment into an approved real estate project of USD400,000 (plus Government fees). In respect of the real estate option, applicants are strongly advised to undertake an independent valuation of the property they wish to purchase under the Programme.

The Commonwealth of Dominica offers a fast route to citizenship of this peaceful tropical paradise through its Citizenship by Investment Programme. The Programme requires a single applicant to make an economic contribution of USD100,000 to the country’s Economic Diversification Fund (EDF) and in exchange the applicant, together with any family member included in the application, will obtain full citizenship of the country for life. The EDF was established to help the economy of the island prosper through increased diversification. All EDF contributions are earmarked for public and private sector projects, including the improvement of infrastructure and the development of funds to face natural disasters and other unpredictable calamities. Renewable energy is also a Government priority, particularly with respect to the exploration and use of geothermal energy and hydroelectric power. Dominica has 365 rivers and tributaries – a natural resource that is also being explored for bulk and bottled water export, and a key area of Government-supported investment. Alternatively, an applicant can invest in a Government-approved real estate project, with a minimum investment requirement of USD200,000.


St. Lucia

Citizenship by Investment Summer 2017

With no interview requirement or residency requirement, this Programme is a very attractive option for the busy entrepreneur or businessperson.

Ü Grenada and its Citizenship by Investment Programme Grenada has become a favourite destination for celebrities – and for good reason: utter beauty framed in absolute privacy! Justin Bieber celebrated his 21st birthday on the island, Lewis Hamilton was building an elegant villa overlooking the sea, the Egyptian billionaire Naguib Sawiris chose it as the site for his new five-star hotel, and the French businessman George Cohen bought a private island – Calivigny – attached to Grenada where he built a 10,000 square metre luxury resort.

Grenada Dominica

To add to this tri-island’s popularity amongst A-listers, the Government has been working towards sustainability and economic diversification. As part of this effort, in 2013, the Spice Island launched the Grenada Citizenship by Investment Programme. The Programme welcomes individuals of good character to obtain citizenship in Grenada for them and their families in return for an investment either in the form of a minimum donation to Grenada’s National Transformation Fund (NTF) of USD200,000 (covering up to four family members), of a minimum investment of USD350,000 into a Government-approved real estate project (plus Government fees). This Programme is particularly popular among large families. Grenadian citizens share strong diplomatic ties with China, a destination to which they can travel without a visa. Grenada’s Programme is among the world’s most interesting, with much of its popularity due to the country’s favourable international reputation.

from USD200,000 for a single applicant to USD100,000. It also announced a USD165,000 contribution for an applicant and a spouse, and USD195,000 minimum contribution for a family of four. Similarly to the other programmes, applicants have the option to invest in property too, with a minimum investment of USD300,000 plus Government fees. This Programme, although new, has been well received and no doubt will become increasingly popular.

Ü

In Summary

At CS Global Partners, we specialize in helping families and international businessmen achieve a second citizenship or residence. We are passionate about the solutions we offer and the countries that we work with. We see the value that these solutions bring to both the countries that implement these programmes as well as the individuals who take up the citizenship.

When you become a client of CS Global Partners, you place yourself at the centre of a community of professionals who work together to equip you with the tools to succeed in an increasingly competitive and international world.

The citizenship by investment programmes we have helped develop, and promote, offer the answers to a great many questions. Increasingly, individuals have looked to alternative citizenship as a means of becoming integrated with peoples from all corners of the globe, while making a smart investment decision.

© Four Seasons Golf Club

Ü St Lucia and its Citizenship by Investment Programme Saint Lucia, considered the latest newcomer to the citizenship by investment arena, is a famous honeymoon destination with a solid infrastructure. Access to a diverse offshore banking sector is another feature of this island, whose Citizenship by Investment Programme affords applicants the exclusive option to invest in a pre-approved enterprise. Although the Programme was only launched in early 2016, it underwent significant changes in January 2017. The Government announced a reduction to the minimum required contribution to the National Economic Fund (NEF) option

St Kitts & Nevis

For more information contact: E: info@csglobalpartners.com T: (0044) 207 318 4343 www.csglobalpartners.com

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Citizenship by Investment Summer 2017

加勒比海最佳投资移民项目

Feature

! CS Global Partners

圣基茨和尼维斯

求既有财富保值和投资增值策略 的个人,为了保证个人安全,增 加个人事务的保密性,或想进行短期环 球旅行,都因为通过投资移民项目取得 第二公民身份而受益明显。目前,圣基 茨和尼维斯、多米尼克、格林纳达和圣 卢西亚几个国家正在向人们提供这个最 受欢迎的投资移民机会。 圣基茨和尼维斯在1984 年开始实施第 一个经济移民项目。多米尼克紧随其 后,1993 年也开始了本国的移民项目。 格林纳达投资移民项目于2013 年推出。 最后也是最新的即是圣卢西亚崭新的投 资移民项目,于2016年1月推出。这些项 目的普及速度与规模另其他项目都无可 比拟,因为它们可以在短短90 天的时间 内完成申请程序为投资者发放护照; 无 需坐移民监,无商管经理或教育背景要 求, 投资风险小因为仅需在申请获批后 进行必要投资。

Ü 圣基茨和尼维斯及其投资 移民项目 作为投资移民项目的蓝图, 圣基茨和尼 维斯允许主申请人与其家属一同获取公 民身份,且无需坐移民监,只需要在该 国进行项目投资即可。圣基茨和尼维斯

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公民的财产受当地政府与法律的保护, 且这里是加勒比经济最繁荣的地区之 一,投资者在这里能够获得丰厚的投资 回报。 政府一直致力于完善其项目,在投资移 民项目上作出不懈努力,并在必要时刻 做出积极的调整。例如在2016 年9 月 份,总理宣布任命Les Khan先生为负责 处理移民申请的投资移民局新任首席执 行官。Les Khan先生多年来一直从事执 行法规方面的相关工作,18 个月前他所 任职的工作单位进行了整合重组, 旨在 为本次的投资移民项目提供一个“铂金标 准”。换句话说,Les Khan先生要致力 于维护整个移民申请过程的高水平、透 明度和高效率,取得投资者对圣基茨和 尼维斯申请程序和公民身份的信任。而 这一系列改革所导致的直接结果就是, 2016 年圣基茨和尼维斯在处理时间方面 取得了巨大的进步,最短曾在45 个工作 日内为申请者完成了审查程序发放了护 照,成为了各国投资移民项目中处理时 间最快的国家之一。 申请该国的公民身份,申请人可以选择 为糖业多元化基金(SIDF)捐款至少25 万美元,或是投资政府批准下的至少价 值40万美元的房地产项目(不包含政府 费用)。在房地产投资方面,我们强烈 建议申请人对本项目下要购买的地产进 行独立估价。

Ü 多米尼克及其投资移民项目 多米尼克目前定位商业和投资中心, 并 努力朝这个方向发展,通过发扬企业 家精神,吸引了Kempinski和希尔顿的 Curio Collection等一众奢侈品牌前来入 驻,鼓励建筑行业的蓬勃发展,如今吸 引了众多全球各地投资者的到来。 多米尼克为申请者提供了一个投资移民 项目下的快速通道。该项目要求单个申 请人向该国的经济多元化基金(EDF)提 供至少10万美元的经济捐款,申请人及 其家庭成员都可以一同获取多米尼克的 公民身份。该经济多元化基金(EDF)致 力于通过使岛上经济更加多元化的方式 来促使岛上经济更加繁荣有活力。经济 多元化基金的所有捐款都将用于公共与 私营部门项目,包括改善基础设施和建 立用于应对自然灾害及其他不可预测灾 害的基金。可再生能源也是政府重点关 注的行业领域,特别是在勘探和利用地 热能与水力发电方面。多米尼克共有365 条河流和支流——这也是大量可用于出 口的资源,以及出口瓶装水,这个行业 也是政府支持投资的关键领域。另外, 投资者也可以购买政府批准下的价值至 少20万美元房地产, 通过这种方式来申 请公民身份。


圣卢西亚

格林纳达 多米尼克

Citizenship by Investment Summer 2017

没有面试要求也无需坐移民监, 本投资 移民项目对于事务繁忙的企业家是个非 常具有吸引力的选择。

纳政府费用。虽然该项目才实施不久, 但已持续受到外界的广泛好评, 也无疑会

Ü 格林纳达及其投资移民项目

Ü

格林纳达如今已经成为了最受名人青睐 的度假胜地——理由是:绝对优美绝对 私密!贾斯汀·比伯(Justin Bieber) 在这座岛上庆祝了他的21 岁生日, 刘易斯·汉密尔顿(Lewis Hamilton) 正在这里建造一座俯瞰大海的优雅别 墅,埃及亿万富翁纳吉伊·萨维里斯 (Naguib Sawiris)将这里作为他的五 星酒店的新选址,法国商人乔治·科恩 (George Cohen)买下了一座私人岛 屿——Calivigny——连接到格林纳达, 他在那里建造了一个1 万平方米的豪华度 假胜地。

在CS Global Partners,我们专门帮助各 个家庭与国际商人申请投资移民项目以 及居留项目。我们对那些与我们相互合 作的国家以及我们为客户合作的国家都 十分熟悉了解。我们可以从中看到实施 移民项目的国家与取得第二公民身份的 投资者双方之间的共赢。

为了增加岛屿的知名度,政府一直致力 于经济的可持续发展及其多元化。作为 此次努力的行动之一,格林纳达在2013 年开始实施投资移民项目。该项目欢迎 能力素质出众的个人投资者及其家属来 申请格林纳达的公民身份,投资者可以 选择向格林纳达的国家转型基金(NTF) 捐赠资金至少20万美元(包含多达四名 家庭成员),或是购买政府批准下的价 值至少35万美元的房产(不包含政府费 用),通过这两种途径来申请格林纳达 公民身份。该项目在人口众多的家庭中 异常受欢迎。格林纳达与中国政府建立 了坚实牢固的外交关系,格林纳达公民 去中国旅行可以免签入境,非常便利快 捷。值得一提的是,格林纳达公民可通 过申请E-2签证前往美国投资经商,配偶 可申请工作许可,子女可在美接受高等 教育。由于格林纳达拥有良好的国际声 誉,该投资移民项目广受世界各地投资 者的欢迎。

越来越受世界各地投资者的欢迎。

总结

一旦当您成为CS Global Partners的客 户,就意味着您已成为我们遍布10个国 家或地区的精英团队服务的核心。他们 将携手助您推开在竞争越发激烈的全球 社会中成功的大门。 对于我们帮助发展与推广的投资移 民项目,我们准备了很多客户可能会问 到的问题的答案。越来越多的来自世界 各地的投资者正在探寻第二公民身份的 种种益处,并同时做出一个明智的投资 决策。

Ü 圣卢西亚及其投资移民项目

© Four Seasons Golf Club

© Four Seasons Golf Club

圣卢西亚,投资移民舞台上的最新入 场者,是一个基础设施完善的著名蜜月 旅行目的地。支持办理各种境外银行业 务是该岛的另一特点,其“投资移民项 目"还为申请人提供投资预先批准的企业 项目以及无息政府债券的选项。尽管在 2016年初才开始施行,但截至2017年1 月份该项目已经进行了重大调整。政府 宣布将国家经济基金(NEF)的单一申请 人最低捐赠金额从20万美元降至10万美 元。还宣布了申请人及其配偶的捐赠金 额要求为16.5万美元,四口之家的最低 捐款金额为19.5万美元。与其他项目类 似,申请人也可以选择投资当地房地产 市场,最低投资额为30万美元,另要缴

圣基茨和尼维斯

获取更多信息,请联系: E: info@csglobalpartners.com T: (0044) 207 318 4343 www.csglobalpartners.com

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Citizenship by Investment Summer 2017

Brexit and Investment Migration to the UK ! Mishcon de Reya

The UK has not seen such restrictions since before it joined the European Economic Community in1973, and prior to the transposition of EU free movement law into domestic UK immigration law.

Feature

Clearly, the imposition of such controls represents a seismic shift in the landscape of UK immigration and has created uncertainty for the future rights of EEA nationals and their dependant family members to reside in this country.

Ü

Background

The UK has always been an attractive destination for high-net-worth individuals. The country's practice of welcoming talent and investment from overseas has led to the creation of a diverse and culturally rich society which appeals to those seeking not only tax efficiency, but political and economic stability, excellent educational opportunities and the benefits that flow from the UK’s long tradition of upholding the rule of law.

Following the outcome of the Referendum vote, the UK government is now negotiating the future rights of European Economic Area (''EEA'') nationals and their family members to reside in the UK, and is also likely to introduce changes to its domestic immigration categories. The result of such changes will inevitably impact migration to the UK as a whole and the ways in which both non-EEA and EEA individuals, including those with the capacity to invest, seek to come to this country.

Ü The UK's immigration policy is, however, in a current state of flux. This emanates, most notably, from the Referendum decision of 23 June 2016, in which the UK public voted to leave the European Union (the ''EU''). Immigration was at the centre of the debate surrounding the UK's continued membership of the EU and the UK government has, in recent times, come under increasing pressure to reduce the numbers of individuals migrating to the UK.

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The end of free movement

On 17 January 2017, the UK Prime Minister, Teresa May, announced her priorities for the government's Brexit negotiations in her muchanticipated Lancaster House keynote speech. Her priorities included the "control" of migration between the UK and the EU: the Prime Minister confirmed that it is very probable that restrictions will be imposed on EEA nationals and their family members entering the UK.

Currently, citizens of EEA countries, and certain non-EEA family members, have the right to live in the UK without a visa by virtue of EU free movement law. However, post-Brexit, this is likely to change, and the current rights of EEA citizens and their family members to reside in this country is expected to become more restrictive. At present, those who have resided in the UK for five years or more as an EEA national may qualify for permanent residence and -potentially - British citizenship, subject to meeting the relevant rules. EEA nationals who have resided in the UK for less than five years may qualify for a registration certificate. Similarly, the non-European family members of EEA nationals, such as spouses/ civil-partners, children or other dependants, may also be able to apply for an EEA family permit, residence card or permanent residence card to formalise their status. Whilst it is unclear whether those who have documentation will remain protected, it is highly likely that those without documentation will be more vulnerable to any adverse changes in the law as a result of Brexit.

Ü Impact on the Tier 1 (Investor) visa What long-term affect the UK's exit from the EU will have on high-net-worth migration to the UK remains to be seen. However, in the short term, it appears that despite the relative political and economic uncertainty created by Brexit, the UK is continuing to attract overseas investors to its shores. Indeed, one notable outcome of Brexit to date from a high-net-worth immigration perspective has been a significant rise in Tier 1 (Investor) applications. The Tier 1 (Investor) visa allows those with access to £2million to apply to enter the UK by investing in either UK government bonds, UK equities or loan capital in active UK registered companies (excluding those principally engaged in property investment).


Citizenship by Investment Summer 2017 Applicants can also bring their partner and minor children with them to the UK, who can all live, work, study or establish a business in this country throughout the validity of their visas. The initial visa is usually granted for three years, with the possibility to extend for an additional two. Having spent five years in the UK on this visa or less, depending on the level of investment, the investor can become eligible to settle in the UK permanently. Those who invest at least £5million can become eligible to settle after three years, and those investing at least £10million can become eligible after just two years. Those who have spent five years lawfully in the UK can then apply for British citizenship and a British passport.

Ü Limitations of the Tier 1 (Investor) visa Although the Tier 1 (Investor) visa is largely unmatched in terms of the flexibility it offers, it is not without its limitations. Those who are eligible to apply for the visa are often cash rich and time poor. They are commercially minded and astute individuals who operate on an international playing field. The Investor visa category does not address this: it is not entirely fit for purpose when it comes to the typical investor’s lifestyle and as a consequence had been being overlooked by some in favour of other international offerings. For example, data from the Office of National Statistics in the UK showed that the number of Tier 1 (Investor) visas granted by the UK fell from nearly 3000 in 2014, to 708 in 2015, and only 217 in the first half of 2016. The decline can be attributed in part to the doubling of the minimum level of investment from £1million to £2million in November 2014. However, it is not only the greater level of investment that has presented difficulties for potential applicants. Following the change to the Investor visa rules in November 2014, the investor is now also required to have opened a bank account in the UK prior to applying for the visa, and therefore must have passed the bank’s stringent scrutiny regulations. This of course poses significant difficulties for nationals of certain countries, such as Iran, who often struggle to open a UK account in a timely manner as a result of the bank's interpretation of their regulatory obligations and/ or international sanctions. Furthermore, those who come to the UK on an Investor visa and who wish to acquire settlement rights are required to adhere to strict residence requirements which many struggle to meet. To qualify for settlement investors should reside in the UK for at least six months of every qualifying year. To qualify for citizenship, which is often the ultimate aim, the investor should not spend more than 450 days outside of the UK over a minimum five-year period.

For the vast majority of clients, keeping to these requirements is impossible. Whilst the visa is aimed at international investors it penalises them for travel at the point of settlement. In a world of increasing international connectivity this is simply not workable for many investor clients. Finally, although the category offers an accelerated settlement route for those wishing to invest more, this is no longer an option for the investor’s dependants. Although the absences of dependants are generally not scrutinised in the same way as those of the main applicant and, as such, it will often be the dependant partner who is in fact the wealth generator, the dependants of a £5million or £10million investor are still required to wait at least five years to acquire settlement rights. They cannot therefore settle in line with their investor family member, thus falling short of what many families want. When faced with these restrictions, the options being offered elsewhere can appear more attractive to clients desiring UK residence, and who have the capacity to invest. For example, for a minimum investment of EUR 2million in the Republic of Cyprus, applicants can acquire a Cypriot passport, and with it the full rights and entitlements of European citizenship, within three months. Holding a Cypriot passport has enabled the individual to live and work freely in the UK by exercising EU Treaty rights. The Maltese Individual Investor Programme is similarly attractive and allows applicants to acquire Maltese citizenship and, thus, has enabled them to live and work in the UK under European law within a year, for an investment of around £1million. Moreover, both these programmes allow the applicant to invest in property, which is now prohibited under the UK Investor rules. The commercially-minded gravitate towards options which allow the maximum return on their investment, and so being able to purchase a home and invest in property is appealing. In light of Brexit, however, and the probable termination of freedom of movement rights under European law, it is possible that citizenship by investment programmes being offered by other EEA countries will become less attractive to foreign nationals hoping to obtain an EEA passport in order to reside in the UK. Highnet-worth individuals wishing to reside in the UK will therefore have to consider UK domestic routes to long term residence in the UK. Indeed, a marked increase in Tier 1 (Investor) applications has already been seen.

Ü Resurgence of the Tier 1 (Investor) visa As explained above, prior to the Referendum vote, the UK had seen a marked decline in Tier 1 (Investor) visa applications. However, on 1 December 2016, the Office of National Statistics released figures on the number of Tier 1 (Investor) visas granted in the third quarter of 2016. The figures revealed that the number of Tier 1 (Investors) entering the UK in the third quarter

of 2016 was the highest number granted since the required investment threshold increased from £1million to £2million in November 2014. In the third quarter of 2016, the number of Tier 1 (Investor) visas granted by the UK rose from 40 in the previous quarter to 72: a staggering 80% increase. When compared to the same quarter in 2015, the third quarter of 2016 shows an increase of 56%.

Ü The reasons for the rise in Tier 1 (Investor) applications are likely to be threefold: 1. The drop in the value of the pound following the EU referendum is likely to have contributed to the rise in applicants; 2. It is possible that citizenship by investment programmes offered by EEA countries (as described above) are becoming less attractive to foreign nationals hoping to obtain an EEA nationality to live in the UK, due to the uncertainty surrounding the continuance of freedom of movement rights under EU law; and 3. Many fear that the UK government will tighten immigration rules in the aftermath of Brexit and so are pre-emptively seeking to secure their status before any adverse changes come into force. Although the rise in the number of Tier 1 (Investor) visas granted in the third quarter of 2016 does not yet match the pre-November 2014 levels, it represents a significant increase. It indicates that, despite the pejorative press surrounding the UK's increasingly restrictive attitude towards immigration, the UK may be set to regain its position as a destination of choice for high-net-worth investors.

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Conclusion

Competition for the world's millionaires and the many economic contributions they bring - both in terms of direct investment and indirect spending - is fierce. Despite the relative uncertainty brought about by the outcome of the EU Referendum, the UK environment is continuing to maintain its foreign appeal: the wealthy continue to come here. In the aftermath of Brexit, the UK government has a window of opportunity to revisit its high-networth migration offering and to put in place a framework which more adequately attracts and enables international investment in this country, and allows the UK to reap the reciprocal benefits brought to it by such investment. If you have any questions, please contact: Kamal Rahman, Partner E kamal.rahman@mishcon.com T +44 20 3321 7143 Fran Rance, Associate E fran.rance@mishcon.com T +44 20 3321 6036

35


Citizenship by Investment Summer 2017

英国脱欧与投资移民 ! Mishcon de Reya

个国家居住所享有的各项权利带来了众 多不确定因素。 目前,欧洲经济区国家公民和某些 非欧洲经济区的家庭成员有权凭借欧洲 自由移民法,在没有签证的情况下在英 国继续居留。但在英国脱欧之后,情况 可能会发生改变,欧洲经济区公民及其 家人在这个国家居住的权利很有可能会 受到限制。

Feature

目前,在英国居留五年以上的欧洲 经济区国民有资格获得永久居留权,也 有申请英国公民身份的可能,但须符合 相关规定。在英国居住少于五年的欧洲 经济区国民可以申请注册证。同样,欧 洲经济区国民的非欧洲家庭成员,如配 偶/同性伴侣,儿童或其他家属,也可 以申请欧洲经济区家庭许可证,居留证 或永久居留证,以使其在英国的身份合 法化。虽然目前还尚不明确那些有文件 的人是否仍然受到保护,但可以确定的 是,没有居留许可的外国人很可能会受 到英国脱欧的不利影响。

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背景

英国对于世界各地的高净值人士来 说一直都是极具吸引力的投资之地。英 国向来欢迎来自海外的人才与各个领域 的投资者,这些因素共同将英国打造成 了一个文化多元的富裕社会,英国吸引 了众多不仅寻求低税率还寻求政治和经 济稳定的国外投资者,英国一直以来致 力于维护国家法制的传统使得英国的教 育资源十分优质。

36 36

其国内移民进行类别调整的可能。这种 变化的结果将不可避免的影响到整个英 国的移民,以及欧洲经济区和非欧洲经 济区的独立个人,包括那些想要通过投 资的方式移民英国的外国投资者。

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自由运动的结束

然而,目前英国的移民政策一直处 于变动状态。其中最引人注目的是,在 2016年6月23日的全民公投中,英国公民 投票选择脱离欧盟(EU)。“移民“这一 话题成为英国脱欧这一事件中的中心议 点,英国政府近年来在减少移民数量方 面面临着越来越大的压力。

2017年1月17日,英国首相特蕾莎· 梅(Teresa May)在她备受期待的兰开斯 特宫的主题演讲中,宣布了政府在英国 退欧谈判中的优先事项。她的优先事项 包括“控制”英国与欧盟之间的移民问题: 总理证实,这将非常有可能对进入英国 的欧洲经济区的国民及其家属施加限 制。自从1973年加入欧洲经济共同体之 后,在欧盟自由移民法转为英国移民法 之后,英国还未实施过此类限制。

既全民公投结果之后,英国政府正 在谈判欧洲经济区(EEA)的国民及其家 人未来在英国居住的各项权利,也有对

显然,实施这种移民控制措施是因 为英国移民前景的改变,并为欧洲经济 区国民及其受抚养的家庭成员未来在这

对英国工作签证的影响

英国脱欧这一事件对于高净值人士 的长期影响还有待观察。然而,短期来 看,尽管英国脱欧为整个国家的政治和 经济带来了不确定性,但是它还一直在 吸引着海外投资者源源不断的到来。事 实上,从高净值移民人士的相关方面来 看,英国脱欧带来的一个显著影响就是 英国工作签证申请数量的大幅增长。 英国工作签证允许向英国投资至少 200万英镑的申请人通过投资英国政府债 券、英国股票或注册英国公司(不包括 他们房地产投资中的主要业务)的方式 申请进入英国。申请人还可以将他的合 作伙伴及未成年子女带到英国,在所有 签证有效期间,他们都可以在这个国家 生活、工作、学习或经营生意。初始签 证有效期为三年,可另外再延长两次。 投资者使用英国签证满五年之后, 根据其投资水平,决定其是否有在英国 永久定居的资格。投资满500万英镑的外 国投资者要在三年后被评估是否有获得 英国永久居留的资格,投资金额满1000 万英镑的外国投资者两年后就可以申请 永久居留资格。那些在英国合法居留五


Citizenship by Investment Summer 2017

年以上的外国人可以向英国政府申请英 国公民身份和英国护照。

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英国工作签证的局限性

虽然英国工作签证的灵活性是其他 签证无法相比的,但它也并非没有局限 性。有条件申请此签证的人往往资金充 裕却时间不足。他们是在国际商场上进 行角逐竞争的聪明精明的国际商人。投 资者签证的类别并没有解决这个问题: 在这投资者典型的生活方式方面,它不 能完美对接投资者的需求,因此导致它 被很多人忽略。 例如,英国国家统计局的数据显 示,英国政府发放的工作签证数量从 2014年的近3000个下降的2015年的708 个,而2016年上半年只有217个。 导致这一下降趋势的部分原因可能 是英国政府在2014年将最低投资额从100 万欧元提高到了200万欧元,金额翻了整 整一倍。然而,给投资者带来申请难度 的不仅只是要求较高的投资金额。

说可能比成为英国居民更具吸引力。例 如,在塞浦路斯共和国的最低投资额为 200万欧元,申请人可以在三个月内获得 塞浦路斯护照,并拥有欧洲公民的全部 权利。持有塞浦路斯护照使得个人能够 通过行使“欧盟条约”权利在英国生活和工 作。马耳他个人投资计划同样具有吸引 力,允许申请人获得马耳他公民资格, 从而使他们能够在一年内根据欧洲法律 在英国生活和工作,该项投资额约100万 英镑。此外,这两个计划允许申请人投 资于英国投资者规则现在禁止的财产投 资项目。商业上倾向于使投资获得最大 回报的方案,以及能够购买房屋和投资 房地产的吸引力。 然而,根据欧洲法律,鉴于英国脱 欧以及可能终止的非本国居民行动自由 的权利,其他欧洲经济区国家提供的投 资方案对希望获得欧洲经济区护照以便 在英国合法居留的外国国民的吸引力已 经减弱。因此,希望在英国居住的高净 值个人必须要考虑英国国内航线在英国 长期居留。事实上,现在我们已能看到 英国工作签证的申请数量明显增长。

在2014年11月份改变“投资者签证规 则”之后,投资者现在也需要申请签证前 在英国开设银行账户,因此需要通过银 行的严格审查。这当然对某些国家的国 民造成了重大困难,如伊朗,由于银行 的监管义务或国际制裁而时常难以及时 为其开立英国账户。

Ü 英国工作签证的申请数量 上升

此外,那些凭借投资签证来英国并 希望获得居留权利的人士,必须严格遵 守许多难以达到的居留条件。要想符合 取得居留权的资格,投资者要在每个合 格的年份在英国至少居留6个月以上。为 了符合申请英国公民的资格,这通常也 是每个外国投资者的最终目标,投资者 不能在至少五年的时间里境外停留天数 超过450天。对于绝大多数的外国投资者 来说,都无法完成这个要求。虽然政府 是针对外国投资者推出的这一签证,但 时间限定这一点对于外国商人来说并不 友好。在一个国际链接日益紧密的世界 中,这些居留要求对于很多投资者来说 都难以实现。

数据资料显示,2016年第三季度所 发放签证的数量是自2014年11月所需投 资金额门槛从100万英镑增加到200万英 镑时的最高数字。在2016年第三季度英 国授予的签证数量从上季的40个升至72 个:80%的惊人涨幅。与2015年同季比 较,2016年第三季度增长了56%。

最后,虽然此类签证可以为那些 有能力提供大笔投资的人提供申请加速 通道,但不再为其家属提供此项服务。 因为主申请人的子女不能再一同申请签 证,因此,实际上主申请人一般会与其 生意合伙人一同申请,投资500万英镑或 1000万英镑的投资者的家属,需要等五 年才获取居留资格。这导致了投资者无 法与其家庭成员的申请节奏保持一致, 无法满足很多家庭的投资移民需要。 当面临这些限制时,其他地方所提 供的选择对于有能力进行投资的客户来

严峻,但英国也许会重新鼓励高净值投 资者的到来。

Ü总结 全世界高净值人士之间的竞争以及 他们为经济带来的诸多贡献——无论是 直接投资还是间接支出——都是异常激 烈的。尽管全民公投的投票结果产生了 相对的不确定性,但英国的环境始终继 续保持着它的对外吸引力:富人还在源 源不断的涌向这里。在英国脱欧的影响 下,英国政府有机会重新审视其高净值 移民的项目方案,并建立一个更具吸引 力和能够实现国际投资的框架,并使得 英国在这些投资项目下获利。

如上所述,在全民脱欧公投之前, 英国工作签证的申请数量显著下降。然 而,2016年12月1日,国家统计局公布了 2016年第三季度发放的英国签证数量。

英国工作签证申请数量上涨的原因 可能有三个方面: 1. 欧盟公民投票后的英镑价值下跌 可能导致了申请人数的上涨; 2. 可能因为外国公民很难再通过欧 洲经济区国家所提供(如上所述)的投 资项目在英国合法居留,没有替换性国 籍供选择,投资者们只能申请英国工作 签证; 如果您有任何问题,请联系:

3. 许多人担心,英国政府将在英国 正式脱欧后加紧移民政策,因此在任何 不利变化发生之前,先取得在英国的合 法居留身份。 虽然2016年第三季度英国政府发放 的签证数量不断增加,但还未达到2014 年11月以前上升水平。这表明,尽管英 国媒体报道英国对移民的限制态度日益

Kamal Rahman, 合伙人 E kamal.rahman@mishcon.com T +44 20 3321 7143 Fran Rance, 同事 E fran.rance@mishcon.com T +44 20 3321 6036

37


Citizenship by Investment Summer 2017

Antigua and Barbuda Fast Becoming the CIP Jurisdiction of Choice

Country Spotlight

! Thomas Anthony | Deputy CEO, Antigua and Barbuda Citizenship by Investment Unit

In an age of increasing need for mobility, becoming a global citizen has never been more desirable. Despite being a relatively new entrant in the alternative citizenship space, Antigua and Barbuda’s Citizenship by Investment Programme (CIP) is already proving very popular with investors. Speedy processing and the quality of real estate offerings, give the Programme a serious competitive advantage. The independent Commonwealth state, located in the Eastern Caribbean, is a lush green paradise that boasts 365 white sand beaches with clear, turquoise waters. Home to over 90,000 people, the twinisland nation is considered to be one of the most beautiful places in the world. Historically, as a result of tourism and real estate, the country has experienced continuous growth in foreign direct investment. However, more recently, financial services, tertiary education and e-commerce have become significant contributors. Bolstered by generous Government incentives, foreign investment has contributed to the rapid development of the economy, resulting in the country having one of the highest GDP per capita in the sub-region.

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Along with seven other states, Antigua and Barbuda is a member of the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union (ECCU), a development of the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS), using the Eastern Caribbean dollar as its currency. The Eastern Caribbean dollar has been pegged to the United States dollar for the last forty years, contributing to long term financial stability. The Government of Antigua and Barbuda has set a clear goal for the country to become, according to its Prime Minister, the Honorable Gaston Browne, ‘the economic powerhouse’ of the Eastern Caribbean” and sees its CIP as one of the key drivers that will lead to the realisation of this ambition. Launched in 2013, the Programme is managed by a dedicated Citizenship by Investment Unit (CIU), a team of professionals responsible for processing applications and for recommending the approval of real estate and business investment options. The ultimate responsibility for the programme rests with the Office of the Prime Minister. According to the CIU’s Deputy Chief Executive Officer, Thomas Anthony, there are a few factors that contribute to the rapid success of the Programme. “Our productivity and fast turnaround time of about

60 days,” he says, “is due to our highly competent staff, comprising mostly private sector individuals. That meant we quickly became one of, if not the most efficient Unit in the region, surpassing countries that had been in the industry for far longer or just prior to our entry.” “Secondly,” Anthony states, “the fact that Antigua and Barbuda has had a strong presence in the high-end tourism sector for more than four decades and already had certain infrastructure in place, the country quickly became an attractive place for those seeking to invest in real estate and business.” “Thirdly,” he adds, “we had the opportunity to learn from the already established programmes and model our real estate offerings and escrow arrangements accordingly. In order to give investors the confidence that developers will deliver on their promise, the Unit exerts some control over the management of the escrow accounts.” “Lastly,” Anthony states, “we have been very visible in the international community by attending and presenting at various industry conferences and having a presence in high-quality publications such as this one.


Citizenship by Investment Summer 2017 (3) years prior to the application for citizenship by investment. 3. Demonstrate that the funds to be invested in Antigua and Barbuda were substantially earned outside of Iran. The CIU has afforded new citizens the opportunity to add dependents after approval. Minors aged under 11 need not submit a HIV test result. Antigua and Barbuda was the first Caribbean nation to permit investment in approved businesses, an innovation that some jurisdictions have also implemented. In addition to visa-free travel to 134 countries, the United Kingdom and the Schengen area CIP-eligible investors have the right to reside permanently on the islands. The recent elimination of personal income tax makes it even more attractive. Applicants must be aged 18 or above and submit to a rigorous due diligence process. The only residency stipulation is that new citizens spend at least five days on Antigua or Barbuda in the five years following the granting of citizenship.

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This visibility,” he adds, “along with the culture of efficiency, a robust due diligence process, transparency and accountability of our Programme made Henley & Partners and Arton Capital quickly brand Antigua and Barbuda as the number one programme in the region. Henley & Partners went a step further and ranked us third globally.” In addition to its existing marketing efforts, the Unit is now offering a commission to all Authorised Representatives/Suppliers. Antigua and Barbuda has earned over $100 million from the programme and has conferred citizenship on 1,000 new citizens. The Programme provides three options for investments.

1. Contribution to the National Development Fund (NDF) For a single applicant, or a family of 4 or less • US$200,000

Contribution and processing fees of: • Main applicant • Spouse

US$25,000 US$25,000

US$15,000 per additional dependant.

2. Real Estate Investments US$400,000 investment minimum - in an approved project (must be owned for at least 5 years)

Benefits

• Visa free access to 134 countries, including Canada, United Kingdom and Schengen area • Decision rendered in 60-90 days on most files • Dual nationality is permitted • Citizenship for life, once residency requirement is met • Straightforward application process, no minimum net worth requirement or previous business experience • No tax on worldwide income, inheritance, capital gains or investment returns • History of a stable currency US$1 = EC$2.70 (XCD) since 1976 • Antigua and Barbuda is a stable ‘Westminster’ style democracy • Well-established legal and regulatory framework, supporting civil and commercial relationships • Well-educated work force, skills and abilities for modern work place • Active and committed member of the International community

3. Investment in Business • Single investor US$1.5M • Two or more investors US$5M (each at least US$400,000) Iranian applicants should note that it is necessary that they satisfy the following requirements: 1. Have permanent residence status or other long term visa in either Canada, the United Kingdom, the United States, or a jurisdiction with which Antigua and Barbuda has visa free entry arrangements. 2. Have resided outside of Iran for at least three

With its efficient processing, rigorous due diligence, wide choice of investment options and the sheer physical attraction of the islands, the Antigua and Barbuda CIP is fast becoming a jurisdiction of choice. For more information visit www.cip.gov.ag Alternatively, pick up a copy of the new publication The Citizen, which aims to provide readers with all of the information needed regarding the programme.

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Citizenship by Investment Summer 2017

安提瓜和巴布达 快速成为投资移民领域的 新选择:

Country Spotlight

! Thomas Anthony | Deputy CEO, Antigua and Barbuda Citizenship by Investment Unit

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在越来越需要流动性的时代,成为 全球公民从未如此受过欢迎。

快速发展作出了巨大贡献,导致在整个 加勒比地区该国人均GDP水平最高。

尽管在替代性国籍方面,安提瓜和 巴布达还是个相对较新的参赛者,但其 “投资移民计划”(CIP)已经被证明 是非常受外国投资者青睐的。方便快 捷的审批程序和房地产市场投资的丰厚 回报,给该计划提供了极具竞争力的优 势。

除其他七个国家之外,安提瓜和巴 布达是东加勒比货币联盟(ECCU)的 成员,东加勒比国家组织(OECS)以东 加勒比元作为该组织的流通货币。东加 勒比元在过去四十年的时间里与美元挂 钩,这有助于长期的金融稳定。

这个位于东加勒比地区的独联体国 家是一个郁郁葱葱的绿色天堂,拥有365 个白色沙滩和清澈碧绿的水域。该国居 住人口超过9万,安提瓜和巴布达被认为 是世界上最美丽的地区之一。

安提瓜和巴布达政府根据其总理 加斯顿·布朗(Gaston Browne)所说 的“东加勒比地区的经济大国”,确立 了该国的明确目标,并将投资移民计划 视为实现这一远大目标的主要驱动力之 一。

历史上,由于旅游业和房地产业, 该国的外国直接投资持续增长。然而, 最近金融服务、高等教育和电子商务已 替代前者成为该国经济的重要贡献者。 政的大力支持和鼓励,外商投资对经济

该计划于2013年正式推出,由一个 专门的投资移民委员会(CIU)管理,这 是一支负责处理移民申请的专业团队, 他们还建议政府批准房地产和商业投资 选择。该计划最终由总理办公室负责。

据投资移民的负责人托马斯·安东 尼(Thomas Anthony)介绍,这里有几 个重要因素有助于该计划的快速成功。 “我们的投资移民审批程序大约需 要60个工作日,”他说,“这主要得益 于我们高素质的员工,主要是私营部门 人员。这意味着我们很快就会成为加勒 比地区在移民审批方面最有效率的国家 之一。 “其次,”安东尼说,“安提瓜 和巴布达在高端旅游行业已经强势存在 了四十多年,已经具备了完善的基础设 施,政府目前正在鼓励房地产和商业领 域的投资发展。“ “第三,”他补充说,“我们有 机会从已经建立的方案中学习,并相应 地模仿我们在房地产项目上的安排。为 使投资者对开发商有兑现承诺的信心, 本行对托管帐户的管理有一定的控制


Citizenship by Investment Summer 2017

金是在伊朗以外地区合法赚取的。 投资移民委员会为新公民提供了批 准后添加家属的机会。政府对11岁以下 的未成年人也有艾滋病毒检测的要求。 安提瓜和巴布达是第一个实施投资 批准业务的加勒比国家,其他地区正在 复制这一创新方案。 除了包括加拿大、英国和欧盟申根 地区在内的134个国家的免签入境之外, 投资移民计划中已合格的申请者有权在 岛上永久居留。最近个人所得税的减免 使这一计划对投资者更具吸引力。 申请人必须18岁周岁以上,并需经 过严格尽职的背景调查。唯一的居留规 定是新公民在给予公民身份的五年内至 少在安提瓜或巴布达停留五天时间。 关于尽职调查和其透明度,安东尼 说,投资移民委员会了解到新公民将被 允许免签证进入134个国家。 “我们非常重视这一责任,所有 的国际合作伙伴都会参与到整个过程当 中。”

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透明度和问责制,使得Henley & Partners和Arton Capital迅速将安 提瓜和巴布达列为该地区的第一大计 划。Henley & Partners向前更进一步而 我们在世界上排名第三。“ 除现有的营销工作之外,该单位目 前会为所有授权代表/供应商提供佣金。 安提瓜和巴布达现已从该方案中获 利1亿多美元,并授予了1,000名新公民 的公民资格。 本计划提供三个选项。 1. 向国家发展基金(NDF)捐款 A. • • •

对于单个申请人或最多一家四口 200,000美元捐赠金额和程序费: 主申请人 25,000美元 配偶 25,000美元

2. 房地产投资 • 至少投资400,000美元——在已批 准的项目中(须至少持有5年) 3. 商业投资 • 单个投资人150万美元 • 两个或更多投资者500万美元 (每人至少投资40万美元) 伊朗申请人需注意,必需要满足以 下几点要求: 1. 在加拿大、英国和美国境内拥有 永久居民身份或其他长期签证,或有在 安提瓜和巴布达免签入境的权利。 2. 在安提瓜和巴布达投资申请公民 身份前至少三年内居住在伊朗境外。 3. 证明投资在安提瓜和巴布达的资

好处

• 免签证进入134个国家,包括加拿 大、英国和申根区 • 大多数申请会在60-90天内作出 决定 • 承认双重国籍 • 一旦满足居住要求,可以公民身份 在岛上生活 • 直接申请程序,对投资人无最低净 值要求或商业经验要求 • 对全球收入、继承、资本收益或投 资回报全部免税 • 自1976年以来,货币稳定在 $ 1 = EC$ 2.70(XCD) • 安提瓜和巴布达是一个稳定的议会 制民主国家 • 建立良好健全的法律和监管框架, 支持民间和商业的合作关系 • 劳动力受教育水平高,社会是依靠 个人技能与能力的现代工作场所 • 安提瓜和巴布达是国际社会中积极 和坚定的一员 安提瓜和巴布达的投资移民计划正 凭借其高效处理效率,尽职严谨调查, 广泛投资选择和岛屿景观吸引力,迅速 成为加勒比地区首选投资移民地。 欲了解更多信息,请访问网站www. cip.gov.ag。或者翻开一本新出版的《 公民(The Citizen)》副本,这本书旨 在为读者提供有关该计划所需的全部信

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Knowing the Antigua & Barbuda Citizenship business best!

Pictured above from left to right: Alister Maginley - Compliance Officer, Juliette J. Bailey Executive Manager, Sandra Vouzan - Executive Assistant and Kirthley C.H. Maginley - Chief Executive Officer & Director

Company Overview James & Maginley Limited, a locally incorporated and registered company, was founded by E. Casroy James and Kirthley C. H. Maginley. The company has earned the reputation for being the leading provider of citizenship services under the Antigua and Barbuda Citizenship by Investment Program (CIP). Through its competent staff, their many years of experience and knowledge of the local landscape and culture, the company continues to leverage its professional expertise to the benefit of its clientele, many of whom are ultrahigh net worth (UHNW) individuals. The group of companies include: • James & Maginley Limited • James & Maginley Estates Limited • J & M Capital Limited • James and Maginley Charity & Care Foundation Incorporated

REAL ESTATE AND BUSINESS INVESTMENT CONSULTANTS Our Services:

Marketing & Sales Representative Amanda

Above: E. Casroy James - Chairman and Kirthley C.H. Maginley - Chief Executive Officer & Director

Citizenship by Investment Wealth Advisors Real Estate and Development Corporate Formations Investment Management Financial & Banking Consultants

#51 Church Street and Hard Castle Avenue, St. John’s, Antigua Telephone Number – Office - (268) 562-8774/5 Mobile (268) 720-3800/7284 Website – www.jamesandmaginley.com Disclaimer: Banking related services are provided through licensed financial entities whose terms and conditions will apply.


安提瓜和巴布达移民事务专家!

从左到右的:Alister Maginley - 合官 Juliette J. Bailey - 行理Sandra Vouzan - 行助理和Kirthley C.H. Maginley - 首 席行官兼

公司概述

詹姆斯与马根利有限公司是一 家在本地成立并注册的公司, 由詹姆斯(E. Casroy James)和 马根利(Kirthley CH Maginley) 创立。该公司在根据安提瓜和 巴布达公民投资计划(CIP) 提供公民服务上获得了极高的 声誉。 该公司所具备的高职业素养 的员工队伍,及其在当地景观 和文化方面累积的多年经验和 知识, 使其能够持续利用其专业知 识,为客户带来利益,当中许 多皆为超高净值(UHNW)人 士。 该公司集团包括: • 詹姆斯与马根利有限公司 • J&M 资本有限公司 • 詹姆斯和马根利慈善与护理基

房地产和商 业投资顾问 我们的服务: 投资移民 房地产开发 投资管理

财富顾问 企业组织 金融与银行顾问

教堂街和哈德卡斯尔大道 51 号 圣约翰,安提瓜 电话号码 - 办公室 - (268)562-8774 / 5 手机(268) 720-3800/7284 网站 - www.jamesandmaginley.com 免责声明:银行相关服务由持牌金融实体提供,并遵守其条款和条件。

Marketing & Sales Representative Amanda

上:卡斯伊·詹姆斯 - 董事兼Kirthley C.H. Maginley - 首席行官兼


Citizenship by Investment Summer 2017

Country Spotlight

Cyprus Country Spotlight

Ü Cyprus at a glance

Ü History

Cyprus has since the dawn of time been the gateway to Europe, Asia and Africa being strategically situated at the crossroads of the three continents. It is the third largest island in the Mediterranean, with an area of 9.251 square kilometres, situated in its north eastern corner lying some 800 kilometres east of mainland Greece and 75 kilometres south of Turkey, with Lebanon 150 kilometres to the east and the Egyptian coast approximately 350 kilometres to the south.

The island has a very rich history with the first evidence of human habitation being traced back to around 10.000BC. Cyprus was famous for its precious copper resources and in fact the island’s name derives from the ancient Greek word for copper. As one of the most valuable commodities of the era, its discovery, exploitation and trade with Egypt and the Near East brought the island much wealth and prosperity. Given its unique location and wealth of resources, Cyprus has been conquered and colonised numerous times from ancient to modern historical years by the Phoenicians, the Assyrians, the Egyptians, the Persians, the Romans, the Ottomans and the British.

The landscape of the island varies dramatically: two dominating mountain ranges; a central plain; and famed beaches, all contribute to the varied scenery and breath-taking backdrops. With a sub-tropical climate, Cyprus experiences relatively mild winters and hot summers. Boasting one of the warmest climates in the Mediterranean, the average temperature along the coast is at 24 degrees Celsius.

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In 1960, Cyprus gained its independence from Britain. However, inter-communal unrest between the Greek and Turkish Cypriot communities resulted in the eventual invasion of the island by Turkey from the north. The island has since been effectively divided, the communities separated by what is known as the “Green Line” running through the island’s capital of Nicosia, making it the world’s last divided

capital. Formal peace talks aimed at reunifying the island between the leaders of the two communities are ongoing. In 2004 Cyprus joined the European Union and adopted the Euro as its currency in January 2008.

Ü Government The Republic of Cyprus has a presidential system, utilising a multi-party system, with the president being elected for a five year term by popular vote through universal suffrage. The constitution provides for a clear separation of executive, legislative and judicial power. The House of Parliament which exercises legislative power is elected by proportional representation. The judicial system is based broadly on English common law and is presided over by the Supreme Court.


Citizenship by Investment Summer 2017

Ü Languages The official languages of the Republic of Cyprus are Greek and Turkish although English is generally the preferred language of business and is widely spoken across the island.

Ü Economy Cyprus has an open, free-market; service based economy and has been ranked as one of the fastest growing EU economies. The IMF listed Cyprus in 2011 as one of the 31 advanced economies of the world. Following the recession, the country returned to growth in 2015, exceeding expectations and recording a growth of 1.7% in 2015 and 2.8% in 2016. Growth for 2017 is expected to be in the region of 2.5% to 3%.

ÜLiving in Cyprus Cyprus has much to offer its residents as well as its visitors, who in 2016 reached a total of 3.18million, contributing to 12% of the country’s GDP last year. Its coastlines and clear blue waters have earned the island records of the most Blue Flag beaches per coastline and per capita in the world. In addition, the island has scenic mountains offering quaint villages and nature trails which will journey you through the island’s history, culture, flora and fauna. Scattered across the island, one will find an abundance of archaeological sites representing various periods of the island’s history from the Venetian Walls in Nicosia to the Tombs of the Kings in Paphos, as well as a number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The mild winters further provide an excellent opportunity to enjoy the outdoors all year round and indeed winter swimming has become a popular sport over the years. Cyprus has a vision to redefine the island moving it upmarket resulting in the development of luxury marinas, the island’s first and only integrated casino resort and new hotel developments. Besides the high quality of life and superb Mediterranean cuisine, Cyprus also provides a very comfortable and safe environment with low crime rates, ideal for family life. The island has been ranked 5th world wide and 1st among small countries in the Safest Countries in the World Study of 2015.

ÜEducation Cypriots have always highly valued education resulting in an exceedingly developed educational

system and one of the highest rankings in Europe for tertiary education per capita. In addition to the public educational facilities, Cyprus has five private universities and over twenty private secondary schools attended not only by local Cypriots but by an increasing number of third country nationals relocating to Cyprus. The government as well as the private sector are keen to establish Cyprus as a regional education centre and for good reason. The widespread use of English, the application of EU standards and the introduction of new courses to match the developing times (such as programmes in energy, oil and gas management or maritime studies) mean that Cyprus can provide an excellent education solution at very competitive prices.

ÜCyprus Citizenship Scheme One of the main objectives of the economic policy of Cyprus is to encourage Foreign Direct Investments and to attract High Net Worth Individuals to settle and do business in Cyprus. It is within this objective that the Cyprus Citizenship Scheme was introduced. Subsequently, in September 2016 the Council of Ministers revised the criteria of the Scheme making it more attractive for foreign investors. In order to qualify, the revised criteria provide for an investment under the following options: A. Investment in Real Estate, Land Development and Infrastructure Projects. An investment of at least €2million is to be made by the applicant for the purchase or construction of buildings or for the construction of other land development projects or infrastructure projects. Investment in land under development would also be covered in this criterion provided that an investment plan for the development of the purchased land is included in the application. B. The applicant purchases or participates in companies or organisations established and operating in the Republic of Cyprus with an investment cost of at least €2million. The funds are to be used for the financing of the investment objectives of these companies exclusively in Cyprus. Additionally, the companies or organisations must have a proven physical presence in Cyprus, with significant activity and turnover, and employ at least 5 Cypriots or citizens of European Union Member States.

Republic of Cyprus, licenced and supervised by the Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission (CySEC) and whose investments are made: exclusively in Cyprus; meet the criteria of the Citizenship Scheme; or are areas approved by the Minister of Finance. The purchase of at least €2million of financial assets of Cypriot companies or organisations such as bonds, bills and securities, issued with the approval of the CySEC, and whose purpose is to finance investment plans of these companies or organisations exclusively in Cyprus, also fall under this criterion. D. Combination of the Aforementioned Investments. Provided that the total investment will amount to at least €2million, the applicant may proceed with a combination of the above investments. In addition to satisfying one of the above criteria, the applicant must possess a privately owned residence in the Republic of Cyprus, the purchase price of which must be at least €500.000 plus VAT which must be kept for life, although there is no requirement for the investor to reside in Cyprus.

ÜPermanent Residency Scheme The Permanent Residency Scheme is an additional incentive project aimed at attracting High Net Worth Individuals and has been widely successful in attracting third country nationals to Cyprus. In order to be eligible for Permanent Residency the applicant must fulfil the following criteria: A. The applicant must acquire a private residence of at least €300.000 + VAT; B. The applicant must prove that he/she has at his/her disposal a secure annual income of at least €30.000 per annum which is derived from abroad. This annual income would be increased by €5.000 for each dependent of his family and by €8.000 for every dependent parent or parentin-law; C. The applicant must deposit a minimum of €30.000 into a three year deposit account in Cyprus, such funds having been transferred from abroad.

C. Investment in Alternative Investment Funds or Financial Assets of Cypriot Companies / Organisations. Under this criterion the applicant must acquire units of at least €2million from Alternative Investment Funds (AIF) established in the

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Citizenship by Investment Summer 2017

塞浦路斯

Country Spotlight

国家聚焦

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塞浦路斯概况一览

从古至今,塞浦路斯因其处于三大 洲十字路口的战略地位,一直是通向欧 洲,亚洲和非洲的门户。它是地中海第 三大岛屿,面积为9.251平方公里,其东 北角与希腊大陆相距约800公里,离土耳 其以南75公里,黎巴嫩以东150公里,埃 及海岸距其南部约350公里。岛上景观差 异很大:两座主要山脉,中央平原和优 美的海滩,造就了它丰富多彩的风景和 引人入胜的景观。由于是亚热带气候, 塞浦路斯的冬季相对温和,而夏季较为 炎热。作为地中海最温暖的气候之一, 其沿海地区的平均气温为24摄氏度。

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历史

该岛拥有非常丰富的历史,人类居 住的证据可追溯到公元前1万年左右。塞 浦路斯以其宝贵的铜矿资源而闻名,事 实上,其名称正是源于古希腊文中的“ 铜”。作为那个时代最有价值的商品之 一,它的发现,开采及与埃及和近东的 贸易为岛上带来了财富和繁荣。由于其 独特的地理位置和所拥有的丰富资源,

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塞浦路斯从古至今相继被腓尼基人,亚 述人,埃及人,波斯人,罗马人,奥斯 曼帝国人和英国人征服和殖民。 年,塞浦路斯从英国独立出来 。然 而,希族与土族塞人之间的社区动乱让 土耳其趁机由北入侵该岛。其本岛被分 割,其社区被贯穿了该岛首都尼科西亚 的所谓“绿线”隔离,使其成了世界上 最后一个分裂的首都。两国领导人之间 旨在使岛屿统一的正式和谈仍在进行之 中。 2004年,塞浦路斯加入欧盟,并于2008 年1月将欧元作为其货币。

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政府

英国普通法,由最高法院主持。

Ü 语言 塞浦路斯共和国的官方语言是希腊 语和土耳其语,不过英语是普遍的商业 首选语言,并在全岛广泛使用。

Ü 经济 塞浦路斯拥有开放的自由市场及服 务型经济,其已成为发展最快的欧盟经 济体之一。国际货币基金组织于 2011 年将塞浦路斯列为世界 31 个发达 经

塞浦路斯共和国采取多党制的总统 制,总统通过普选由民选产生,每届任

济体之一。在经历了经济衰退后, 该国在 2015 年恢复了增长且超过预期,

期五年。宪法规定明确区分行政, 立法和司法权力。行使立法权的议会由

2015 年增长 1.7%,2016 年增长 2.8%。2017 年的增长预计将在 2.5%至

比例代表选举产生。司法制度基于

3%之间。


Citizenship by Investment Summer 2017

Ü

住在塞浦路斯

塞浦路斯有很多值得本土居民及游 客游玩的地方,其2016年的游客总数达 318万人,旅游收入占了去年全国GDP的 12%。它的海岸线和清澈的蓝色海水使 其成为按海岸线和人均获“蓝旗奖”记 录最多的岛屿。此外,该岛还有风景优 美的山脉,那里有古朴的村庄和自然小 径,它们让您能够探索岛上的历史,

Country Spotlight

文化和动植物。岛上散布着许多 考古遗址,你很容易就能参观到,这些 遗址代表了小岛历史上的各个时期,从 尼科西亚的威尼斯城堡,到帕福斯的国 王陵墓以及一些联合国教科文组织的世 界遗产。气候温和的冬季更为全年享受 户外活动提供了极好的机会,事实上多 年来冬季游泳一直都是一项受欢迎的运 动。 塞浦路斯希望对自身进行重新定义 以往高端市场的方向发展,它现已建成 豪华码头,岛上第一个也是唯一的综合 赌场度假胜地以及新的酒店建筑。 除了高品质的生活和一流的地中海 美食,塞浦路斯还提供了一个非常舒适 和安全的低犯罪率的环境,是家庭生活 的理想选择。它在2015年的“全球最安 全国家”的研究之中被评为第五位,在 小国中的评选它更是霸据冠军宝座。

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教育

塞浦路斯人一直高度重视教育,因 此其教育制度十分发达,是欧洲人均高 等教育排名最高的国家之一。除了公共 教育设施之外,塞浦路斯还有五所私立 大学,二十多所私立中学,它们受到的 欢迎不仅来自当地塞人,还有越来越多 的迁往塞浦路斯的第三国国民。政府和 私营部门都热衷于将塞浦路斯建为区域 教育中心,并有充分的支撑。英语的广 泛使用,欧盟标准的应用和为适应时代 的发展而引进的新课程(如能源,石油 和天然气 管理或海事研究课程)意味着 塞浦路斯可以以非常有竞争力的价格提 供优质的教育解决方案。

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Ü

塞浦路斯公民计划

塞浦路斯经济政策的主要目标之一 是鼓励外商直接投资,吸引高净值人士 在塞浦路斯定居和营业。塞浦路斯公民 计划正是为此目标而生。随后在2016年 9月,部长会议修订了该计划的标准,使 其对外国投资者更有吸引力。 为符合条件,修订标准提供以下的 投资选择:

A. 房地产,土地开发和基础设施 项目投资

D.上述投资的组合 如果申请人的总投资达到了最少二百万 欧元,即可组合上述投资。 除了满足上述标准之一外,申请人必须 在塞浦路斯共和国拥有一个私人住所, 其购买价格必须为至少 50 万欧元外加 增值税,尽管不需要投资者居 住在塞浦 路斯。

Ü

永久居留计划

申请人要投资至少200万欧元,用于购买 或建造建筑物或建造其他土地开发项目 或基础设施项目。这个标准也将涵盖投 资开发中的土地,条件是申请中包含了 开发购买土地的投资计划。

“永久居留计划”是一个额外的奖 励计划,旨在吸引高净值人士,并在吸 引第三国国民到塞浦路斯方面取得了广 泛的成功。

B. 购买或设立或参与塞浦路斯公 司或企业

A. 申请人必须购买至少 30 万欧元 加增值税的私人住宅;和

申请人购买或参与在塞浦路斯共和 国建立和运营的公司或组织,其投资成 本至少为200万欧元。这些资金将用于为 这些公司专门在塞浦路斯的投资目标提 供资金。此外,这些公司或组织必须在 塞浦路斯有确切的实体存在,且有重大 的活动和营业额,并雇用至少5名塞浦路 斯人或欧盟成员国公民。

B. 申请人必须证明他/她具有每年 从国外获得的至少 3 万欧元的安全年收 入。若其家庭存在受扶养人,那么年收 入将在每位的基础上增加 5000 欧元;若 存在受养父母或岳父,则收入应按每位 增加 8000 欧元;和

C.投资于其他投资基金或塞浦路斯 公司/组织的金融资产 根据这一标准,申请人必须从塞浦 路斯共和国成立的替代投资基金(AIF) 购入至少 200 万欧元的单位,由塞浦路 斯证券交易委员(CySEC)许可和监督, 且其投资用于:塞浦路斯境内;符合公 民计划 的标准;或是财政部长批准的地 区。 符合这个标准也将包括:购入在 CySEC 批准下发行的至少 220 万欧元的 塞浦路斯公司或债券,票据和证券等组 织的金融资产,其目的是专门 为这些 塞浦路斯公司或组织的投资计划提供资 金。

为符合永久居留资格,申请人必须符合 以下标准:

C. 申请人必须在塞浦路斯的三年存 款账户中至少存入 3 万欧元,这笔资金 须从国外转出。


Citizenship by Investment Summer 2017

Helen Hadjichristoudia Abacus, Partner

THE

INTERVIEW

C

yprus, with its strategic position, transparent legislation, favourable tax system and high quality of life, has over the years developed into a destination of choice for HNWIs, their families and their businesses. Here, Helen Hadjichristoudia, Partner at Abacus explains why.

Why HNWIs should consider Cyprus?

Interview

Cyprus has long been a choice for HNWIs and their businesses for a number of reasons with laws and regulations continuously being enhanced to provide incentives for HNWIs. The recently introduced non-domicile provisions exempt Cyprus tax residents domiciled abroad from Special Defence Contribution (imposed on dividend and interest income at 17% and 30% respectively) for a period of 17 years. Further amendments have recently been introduced providing that an individual who meets the following three criteria will be considered a tax resident of Cyprus: (i) Stays in Cyprus for at least 60 days per tax year (reduced from 183 days); (ii) Exercises any business in Cyprus; and (iii) Maintains a permanent home (owned or leased) The above coupled with high quality of life enjoyed by residents of the island and the effective and business friendly system has strongly placed Cyprus on the radar for HNWIs.

Which sectors show the most potential for growth in Cyprus at the moment? The GDP growth rate in real terms for the 1st quarter of 2017 is estimated at +3,4% over the corresponding quarter of 2016 indicating the resilience of the economy. The key driving forces of the country’s economy have traditionally been three sectors. Firstly, the Financial and Professional Services sector provides for excellent services being offered by highly qualified professionals at very competitive costs. Secondly, the Shipping sector not only benefits from the country’s

50 50

Helen Hadjichristoudia Abacus, Partner

unique geographical position but also from the EU approved Tonnage Tax regime. And thirdly, the Tourism sector which is showing great potential for development in areas such as Luxury Tourism, Health & Wellness Tourism and Sports Tourism.

Another promising sector is the Investment Funds sector, which has seen assets under management triple over the past few years as a result of the new provisions in the law, making Cyprus an attractive domicile.

In addition to the above, we have recently seen the emergence of new, exciting sectors. The discovery of hydrocarbons in Cyprus’ Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ),and the East Med region in general, has brought about substantial interest and investment to the island from leading O&G operators (including Total, ENI, Kogas, ExxonMobil, Qatar Petroleum, Noble Energy) and O&G services companies (like Halliburton and Schlumberger).

What is the benefit of developing a fund in Cyprus?

Information Technology is another area of interest with a number of global industry leaders in gaming, animation and technology solutions such as Wargaming moving their headquarters or regional offices to Cyprus.

Cyprus has quickly become an emerging Investment Fund Centre offering a key regional domicile at significantly lower costs than in the more mature fund centers. A continuous effort has been made to upgrade the regulatory framework which currently bears hallmarks of the regimes in Ireland and Luxembourg. Cyprus offers a European passport to the fund management industry, resulting in opportunities for cross-border and global fund distribution. The above coupled with the favourable fiscal framework, multilingual and highly educated workforce and the


Citizenship by Investment Summer 2017

competitive operating environment make Cyprus an optimal Investment Fund Centre.

What does the Cyprus Citizenship Scheme entail and why is it attractive to foreign investors? The Cyprus Citizenship Scheme was introduced as part of the country’s policies aimed at attracting HNWIs to settle and do business in Cyprus. It provides for clear and transparent criteria with a streamlined application process and no language requirements. The required investment for eligibility is €2m (over and above the private residence) which must be maintained for 3 years as opposed to the longer periods imposed by other countries. Although the residential property (with minimum purchase value of €500.000 + VAT) must be kept for life, there is no requirement for the investor to reside in Cyprus after acquiring citizenship.

Who is Abacus Limited (“Abacus”)?

How can Abacus help you?

Abacus was established in April 2001 after a spin off from PwC, to take over non-audit/conflicting business in accordance with the then newly enacted auditor independence regulations. Today Abacus is a prominent, fully independent professional services firm in Cyprus and one of the leading providers of International Business Services in the fields of business advisory, wealth structuring, corporate compliance and administration, accountancy, Tax/VAT consulting to clients worldwide.

At Abacus the client and his/her business is our focus. We concentrate on understanding the client’s needs and business, and then add value to our clients’ operations, advising as necessary, and ensuring the protection of our clients’ assets as our number one priority.

With employees from 20+ countries, we serve multinational private, public and listed corporations and HNWIs from most major markets, including several Fortune 100/500 companies and many of the world’s most recognisable names.

We provide a wide range of wealth structuring services, finding innovative ways to manage assets for generations to come. We are committed to building long term partnerships with our clients aiming to build, protect and manage their assets. Our devotion to understanding our clients’ needs enables us to provide a truly personalised and tailored service to meet each individual client’s needs.

Importantly, the Citizenship Scheme provides Cyprus citizenship to the investor, his/her spouse and dependent children opening up the benefits of EU nationals such as free movement within the EU, investment opportunities and easier access to higher education institutions of the EU.

What does the Permanent Residency Scheme entail and why is it attractive to HNWIs? Residents of Cyprus enjoy a healthy, safe environment and one of the lowest crime rates in Europe, being ranked by the 2013 Knight Frank Global Lifestyle Review as the 5th best relocation destination worldwide. Cyprus further boasts one of the highest rankings in Europe for tertiary education per capita. The Permanent Residency Scheme is another facet of the country’s policy to attract HNWIs to Cyprus and has proven to be very successful in attracting third country nationals. In order to be eligible for the scheme the individual must acquire a private residence of at least €300.000 + VAT; maintain a minimum €30.000 three year deposit account; and provide evidence of a secure annual income. The said Scheme also covers the individual’s spouse, dependent children, parents and non-dependent children, the latter two with additional conditions. Individuals under this scheme must visit Cyprus once every two years. Permanent Residency may further facilitate acquiring a Schengen visa.

51


CYPRUS CITIZENSHIP BY INVESTMENT Cyprus, a member of the European Union since 2004 provides one of the most attractive, quick and straight forward investment immigration programs to wealth individuals non EU citizens and is the only EU country that offers both options of Permanent Residency or Citizenship without the requirement of residency. Most importantly both programs are based on investment and the investment need only be kept for 3 years, after that period the investor can dispose of the investment as opposed to a donation to the government that applies to most of the other Countries’ programs. Both programs are offered through a fast track procedure enabling the applicant to receive an EU passport within 3 months or a permanent residency permit within 2 months.

Conditions / Criteria • Invest in Cyprus, an amount of at least €2.0m • Have a residential property in Cyprus of no less than €0.5m • Clear criminal record.

Benefits • EU citizenship; • EU passport; • Granted within 3 months; • No residency requirement; • No language requirement; • Investment can be disposed of after 3 years; • Visa-free travel to more than 157 countries. Quickly and cost efectively obtain visas for other countries, such as the USA; • A secure investment, rather than a donation like in many countries; Access to the best education and healthcare institutes; Children have the right to much lower tuition fees in European Union countries because they are nationals of a European Union country; • Insurance policy against political instability; • EU passport holders are entitled to enter, reside, study and work in the European Economic Area (European Union, Iceland, Liechtenstein, and Norway) and Switzerland without a visa. • Wonderful holiday destination; • Low crime rate; • Property(ies) acquired can be rented; • There is no inheritance tax; • One of the lowest property taxes in the world

• The applicant’s spouse and any dependants up to the age of 28 are eligible to apply along with the investor without the need of satisfying further economic criteria.

Benefits of Cyprus Permanent Residency • Fast track procedure allowing for the issuance of Permanent Residence Permit within two months; • Permit covers the whole family; • Acquire property of €300.000 in Cyprus • No physical residence requirements during or after the application procedure (the applicant, his/her spouse and any dependants need only visit Cyprus once every 2 (two years); • No language requirements; • A secure investment, rather than a donation like in many countries; • Insurance policy against political instability; • Children have the right to much lower tuition fees in European Union countries because they will be considered permanent residents of a European Union country; • Closest EU country to the Middle East ; • Wonderful holiday destination; • Low crime rate; • Well known and established financial and tax planning jurisdiction; • The property acquired will be freehold; • No inheritance tax; • Property acquired can be rented; • One of the lowest property taxes in the world;

www.stalworthpro.com | info@stalworthpro.com | +35 722 270 803 88 Arch. Makariou III, 2nd Floor, Office 203 2224 Latsia, Nicosia, Cyprus


2016 Wise¡14th Overseas Property & Immigration & Investment Exhibition 15-17. September. 2017 Shanghai International Convention Center


Citizenship by Investment Summer 2017

THE

Marilena Pirilidou for N. Pirilides & Associates LLC

INTERVIEW

Could you give a brief overview of Pirilides’ key services and future growth strategy? N. Pirilides & Associates LLC offers a wide range of innovative legal services for clients and their businesses with focused advice for a variety of industry sectors. The key services offered are:

Interview

• Litigation & Arbitration • Corporate & Commercial • Property related • International Tax Planning • Trusts • Forex Consulting • Residency & Citizenship • Shipping & Ship Management The firm’s objective is to maintain and enhance the work of excellence delivered to our clients in the last 35 years through the new generation of high calibre advocates and legal consultants.

What is the benefit for HNWI to invest in Cyprus? Cyprus, over the years, has become the European jurisdiction of choice for high net worth individuals (HNWI) from all around the world. A significant number have established their private and business residence in Cyprus. Such HNWI choose also to obtain the Cyprus citizenship and establish a personal base in Europe. Cyprus is considered to be an attractive international business center offering high quality professional and financial services. In order to enhance this status, the Cyprus government has introduced numerous tax and other incentives, which have attracted a plethora of international clients to the island.

Cyprus has a robust agenda of reforms and incentives, what advantages do these measures offer to international business and foreign investors? Indeed the Cyprus government has put in place an attractive, relatively simple and stable tax infrastructure, which combines a low-tax regime with a wide network of Double Tax Treaties (DTT).

54 54

Some of the advantages of the Cyprus tax system are as follow: • A Uniform Tax Rate of 12.5%, applicable to the worldwide income of resident companies • Dividends, Interest or Royalties paid to non-residents or tax residents but non-domiciled are not subject to withholding taxes • Gains from sale of qualifying titles (including shares) are tax exempt • Dividend Income is exempt from Cyprus Tax in most

cases • There is no Capital Gains Tax on disposal of property abroad • The tax loss incurred during a tax year, and which cannot be set off against other income, is carried forward subject to conditions and set off against the profits of the next five years • There are no Controlled Foreign Company (CFC) rules • There are no Thin Capitalization rules • Notional Interest Deduction on equity is granted


Citizenship by Investment Summer 2017

• There are Group Relief provisions between Cyprus companies • Tax resident companies can make use of Cyprus' DTT Network (reduced withholding taxes) • Tax resident companies can have access to EU Directives • There is a unilateral tax credit relief where no DTT exists • There are no Capital Gains or Income Tax upon liquidation • Favourable company re-organization rules • Favourable tax rates for tax resident individuals • Exemptions of income from first employment in Cyprus Additionally the Cyprus government has put in place a very favourable and attractive Scheme for naturalization by exception through investment and the investors are given several options as to how they can invest in Cyprus and obtain Cyprus citizenship. Obtaining a second passport and consequently EU citizenship via the only FAST TRACK EU citizenship program is indeed a great incentive!

What is the benefit of having a Tax Residency in Cyprus? The taxation status of a company is residence-based. A company is only ‘resident in the Republic’ if its business is centrally managed and controlled in Cyprus. A Cyprus tax resident company is taxed on its worldwide income accrued or arising from sources both within and outside Cyprus. Therefore the benefit to be gained by being a Cyprus Tax Resident is that one is able to take advantage of the very favourable Cyprus tax system, as well as to benefit from the wide DTT network.

Which countries are showing interest in the Cyprus economy? Clients come from different parts of the world and take advantage of the attractive favourable tax regime and other benefits Cyprus offers. Russia, Israel, European countries, China and the Middle East are the main countries showing interest in Cyprus. Each client has a different need and intention, and yet, each client enjoys the same benefits whilst achieving his/her personal aims.

Which sectors show the most potential for growth in Cyprus at the moment?

How do you see Cyprus developing in the next years to come?

Cyprus is back on a growth track and has been ranked as one of the fastest growing EU economies. The country surpassed international expectations by turning its economy around in a few years following the financial crisis.

With its economy on an upward course, Cyprus has all the right elements determinedly in place to sustain its reputation as a successful international business center in one of Europe’s most interesting investment locations since the country combines various advantages as a business base, offering a professional yet relaxed atmosphere, allowing businessmen/investors to enjoy the best of both worlds: a safe and secure environment for family life and a sophisticated infrastructure from which to grow and develop businesses.

The investment growth in Cyprus is positive and is mainly driven by the tax measures which encourage the creation of business substance mainly through the offering of compelling advantages to individuals and companies, the professional services offered, which indeed continue to be one of the fastest-growing sectors, the real estate and construction sector, the maritime sector and the emerging investment fund and forex industry.

The sunny, warm and almost always-pleasant Mediterranean beautiful weather of the island surely plays its role and wins even the most cynical or busy kinds of people.

Which markets are you targeting? Though we remain open and surely maintain an alive ambition in cooperating with any market, the China market will always be one of the main markets we wish to engage and cooperate with. 5 Amathountos str., Pirilides Building, 1st - 3rd Floor, 3105 Limassol, Cyprus Tel: +357 25 830830 | Fax: +357 25 830759 info@pirilides.com | www.pirilides.com

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Citizenship by Investment Summer 2017

The Commonwealth of Dominica

Country Spotlight

Country Spotlight

Ü

About Dominica

Discovery of the Commonwealth of Dominica is sure to yield a Caribbean experience unlike any other. Its breathtaking landscape reveals rainforests, rivers and waterfalls. It comes as no surprise that Dominica is affectionately known as “Nature’s Island”, as citizens of Dominica share their home with many rare species of plant, animal and bird. The rugged terrain offers adventurous visitors the chance to canyon, bike or swing from new heights. For those with a love of nature, Dominica is the perfect bird watching destination. Additionally, its botanical gardens house the Sisserou Parrot, which can only be found on the island and is the island’s national bird. Dominica is known for its spectacular reefs which visitors can explore for themselves whilst diving or snorkeling. Keen divers should certainly visit the signature Champagne Reef. For a less active visitor, there is the always the option to join a boating tour. From a catamaran, visitors with a keen eye for amphibians can enjoy dolphin watching. The sun is a permanent resident in Dominica, which boasts an extremely tropical climate and beautifully rugged terrain which will please all of the sun soakers looking for a place to soak up

56 56

the rays. Looking out onto the Caribbean Sea, the mountainous green sides are dotted with exotic tropical flowers, banana plantations and coconut trees. The Boiling Lake is the perfect place to soul search and discover yourself as its renowned healing properties are considered legendary. Dominica has the honour of being nominated as one of the happiest places to live on earth. Simplicity is key here, whether you want to walk barefoot through the pristine shore, wander down any number of green jungle trails or chill out on the beach looking onto the ocean, Dominica is a place where concerns are replaced by an overwhelming sense of peace and oneness. With a unique melting pot of cultures including English, French, African and Carrib, there is no shortage of interesting natives to get to know and grow friendships with. The citizens know how to work hard, but also how to play hard, with a number of music and pageantry events to enjoy.

Ü

Benefits of Citizenship in Dominica

One of the main benefits of a Dominican citizenship for the potential applicant would be the access it provides. Dominica itself is a safe and enjoyable place to live, with a high quality of life and English

is the official language so business transactions should be without language complications. Dominica also has a progressive and stable macroeconomic environment and a Dominican citizen has unrestricted foreign ownership of businesses rights in an investor friendly environment. Citizenship also comes with free movement of capital, dividends and profits made outside of the island and no capital gains, estate or death taxes making it a prime location for those looking to protect their wealth. Dominica’s Government has frequent dealings with the private sector and other foreign investors in order to facilitate growth. There are a number of flexible and tailored projects available for the investor, as many international companies are targeting Dominica to develop agricultural opportunities, alternative energy projects, manufacturing concerns, hotel resort developments and even investment in the film industry. The soil is perfect for producing a variety of fruits, produce and plants due to its rich volcanic content. The landscape is also a prime candidate for real estate development and there are a number of opportunities to work together with joint venture investments and private landowners.


W W W.T RU LY B E LON G.COM

尽享 身 为 世界 公 民 的 种种 益 处

CS Global Partners 睿智移民是一家全球行业领先的国际法律咨询公司,致力于为 国际商人、富裕人士和国际家庭打造最合适且最优的投资移民项目及国际居留解 决方案。睿智移民拥有极高专业素养的团队且行业经验丰富,帮助客户获得国际 差旅的便捷、保障个人隐私安全、保护个人资产财富并使其享受更为快乐幸福的 国际生活。

伦敦 • 苏黎士 • 香港 • 北京 • 迪拜 • 新德里 • 拉各斯 • 温特和克 • 圣基茨和尼维斯 • 新加坡


投 资移民的 十 个 步 骤

1 决定投资移民- 选择移民项目

2 联系: 授权代理

3 您的代理会与您紧密合作,填写申请表 格并收集证明文件

4

投资移民委员会确认收到您的申请并 进行严格的背景调查

6

您收到原则上批准申请的信函

8

授权代理商将代表您在您所选择的国家, 向投资移民委员会提交移民申请

5 若投资移民委员会认为您的申请符合 所有的要求,则会将申请提交至总理进 行审批

7

您进行捐款或投资房地产

9

恭喜! 您会收到一份公民登记证书,表明您已 成为该国的公民之一,您的代理会代表 您申请该国护照

10

您会收到一本广受国际认可的护照: 现在您可以在更安全的情况下探索这个 世界,体验真正的自由

注:投资移民申请无任何语言、管理经验或是学历资质要求。 您无需前往该国也无需接受面试。 此外也没有居住年限要求。


投 资移民的 主 要 优 势

人身安全 由于我们对自己出生国社会政治环境的影响力 极微,投资移民对生活带来的改变尤为珍贵。若 提供避风港的国家还因其社会开放、社群意识和 友善的人民而知名,并且还对投资移民开放时, 那么做出投资移民的决定并不难。

财务安全 投资移民可以为跨司法区财务规划提供平台。 这不仅可以保证您的财产会受到严格法律制度 的保护,也使您可以通过国际投资组合抵御金 融风险。投资移民到一个有着优厚的税收制度 和经济不断发展的国家会带来优势明显的投资 机会。

便捷 & 生活方式 我们很能理解填写冗长的表格、进行公文查询和 支付大笔费用的签证申请过程所带来的压力、麻 烦和成本。 随着我们一步步迈入二十一世纪,我 们希望全球流动性成为司空见惯之物。若进行 投资移民,您就可以从根本上增加您的免签旅行 选项,使您能够享受无忧无虑的流动性。您可以 成为一个鼓励创业、重视教育并且珍视全民医疗 的社会的一部分。


了解如何申请圣基茨和 尼维斯的公民身份 圣基茨和尼维斯,美洲最年轻的国家。 持续增长的 旅游业和国际商务平台使其名声远扬。 独享四个 俯瞰加勒比海的世界级高尔夫球场,非它莫属。

博士阁下 圣 基茨和尼维斯总理

作为投资移民的先锋国家,圣基茨和尼维斯致力于 在投资移民项目实施中实现最高的效率以及尽职 调查的最高标准。 圣基茨和尼维斯投资移民项目的 声誉与国家经济增长实力和美丽景致相得益彰。 圣 基茨和尼维斯欢迎各位有远见的投资者的到来。

欢 迎来 到

圣基茨和 尼维斯

申请圣基茨和尼维斯的 公民身份有何优势? • 申请提交90日内即可获得公民身份,如果选 择VIP加速通道甚至可短至60日 • 无面试、移民监、教育经历或商业管理经验 要求

• 良好的GDP增长率为您提供大量商业机会 • 免签访问超过132个国家和地区

投 资移 民 项 目

• 生活于一个致力于成为世界首个完全绿色 经济体的国家


W W W. C IU. G OV. K N

获 取圣基茨和尼维斯公 民 身 份 的 两 个 选 择 1. 向当地糖业多元化基金(SIDF)捐款: 该选择可使您更快速、简便地获取圣基茨和尼维斯公民身份。 单一申请人

25万美元 + 尽职调查费用 = 25.75万美元

主申请人 及配偶

30万美元 + 尽职调查费用 = 31.15万美元

主申请人、配偶及 2位未满16周岁的子女

30万美元 + 尽职调查费用 = 31.15万美元

2. 投资预经批准的房地产项目: 单一申请人

40万美元 + 尽职调查费用 + 政府费用 = 45.75万美元

主申请人 及配偶

40万美元 + 尽职调查费用 + 政府费用 = 48.65万美元

主申请人、配偶及 2位未满16周岁的子女

40万美元 + 尽职调查费用 + 政府费用 = 53.65万美元

* 表格中的费用不包括法律费用和护照费用。 ** 费用可能发生变化。


了解如何申请多米尼克 公民身份

博士阁下

多米尼克森林茂盛、瀑布翻腾,这里不仅是自然 探险家的乐园,同样也适合寻求新机会的商界精 英,在这里他们将充分体验与当地精英合作共事 的种种益处。

多 米尼克总理 作为当今世界最为热门的目的地之一,多米尼克对 寻找安全和宁静的人们来说具有独特的魅力。 多米 尼克外部环境的宁静与其内部的稳定相得益彰。 多 米尼克是安全的商务中心,为有良好声誉的精英人 士提供优质的投资移民选项。 我们为确保国家公民 的安全以及充分权益,对投资移民的所有申请者进 行高标准的尽职调查。

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多米尼克

申请多米尼克公民身份 有何优势? • 经济持续增长、民主政局稳定的多米尼克为 您提供大量尚未开发的商业机会

• 自申请之日起3个月以内顺利获得公民身份 • 无面试、移民监、教育经历或商业管理经验 要求

投 资移 民 项 目

• 免签访问超过119个国家和地区

• 属于探险家们独一无二的自然探险天堂


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获 取 多 米 尼 克 公 民 身 份 的两个选择 1. 向当地经济多元化基金(EDF)捐款: 经济多元化基金将为您获取多米尼克公民身份提供快速通道。 单一申请人

10万美元 + 尽职调查费用 + 手续费 = 11.05万美元

主申请人 及配偶

17.5万美元 + 尽职调查费用 + 手续费 = 19.3万美元

主申请人、配偶及 2位未满16周岁的子女

20万美元 + 尽职调查费用 + 手续费 = 21.8万美元

2. 投资预经批准的房地产项目: 单一申请人

20万美元 + 尽职调查费用 + 手续费 + 政府费用 = 23.5万美元

主申请人 及配偶

20万美元 + 尽职调查费用 + 手续费 + 政府费用 = 25.3万美元

主申请人、配偶及 2位未满16周岁的子女

20万美元 + 尽职调查费用 + 手续费 + 政府费用 = 25.3万美元

* 表格中的费用不包括法律费用、国籍归化证书费用和护照费用。 ** 费用可能发生变化。


博士阁下 格 林纳达总理 作为加勒比海最安全、最具包容性的国家之一,格 林纳达吸引了众多希望从好客的第二故乡获取公 民身份的人们。 格林纳达经济富有活力,吸引了寻 求在各大繁荣的产业中获取丰厚投资利润的企业 家们。 与我国的外国直接投资目标一致,投资移民 项目诚邀眼光独到的投资者加入我们并与这个蒸 蒸日上的国家共享长期发展和繁荣。

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格 林纳达

了解如何取得格林纳达 公民身份 诗意的码头、有机巧克力、肉豆蔻生产商和尊享 超级游艇设施,多元而热情的格林纳达深深吸 引着世界各地的人们。 从英国直达的航线已经开 通,格林纳达并没有您想象得那么遥远。

申请格林纳达公民身份 有何优势? • 生活于一个活力四射、热情好客的国家

• 无面试、移民监、教育经历或商业管理经验 要求

• 从申请之日起60个工作日内获得公民身份

投 资移 民 项 目

• 免签访问中国,还有超过120个国家

• 将有资格申请美国E-2投资者签证,为您进 入新的市场奠定基石


获 取格林纳达公民身份 的 两 个 选 择 1. 向当地国家转型基金(NTF)捐款: 国家转型基金为您获取格林纳达公民身份提供快速通道。 单一申请人* **

主申请人 及配偶

主申请人、配偶 及2位未满12周岁的子女

20万美元 + 申请费 + 手续费 + 尽职调查费用 = 20.8万美元

20万美元 + 申请费 + 手续费 + 尽职调查费用 = 21.6万美元

20万美元 + 申请费 + 手续费 + 尽职调查费用 = 22万美元

2.投资预经批准的房地产项目: 单一申请人* **

35万美元 + 申请费 + 尽职调查费用 + 手续费 + 政府费用 = 40.8万美元

主申请人 及配偶

35万美元 + 申请费 + 尽职调查费用 + 手续费 + 政府费用 = 41.6万美元

主申请人、配偶 及2位未满12周岁的子女

35万美元 + 申请费 + 尽职调查费用 + 手续费 + 政府费用 = 42万美元

*表格中的费用不包括法律费用和护照费用。 **费用可能发生变化 ***若单个申请人已婚,则需要缴纳额外的尽职调查费。

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圣卢西亚 投 资移 民 项 目

圣卢西亚投资移民项目 欢迎新任首席执行官 Nestor Alfred阁下 今年8月,圣卢西亚投资移民局迎来了新任的首席执行官 Nestor Alfred阁下。Alfred阁下在金融监管领域拥有极 为丰富的经验,同时也是反洗钱以及打击恐怖主义融资 的专家。Alfred阁下丰富的经验保证他有足够的能力将

圣卢西亚投资移民项目尤其是其尽职调查程序的运营提 升到新的水平。同时Alfred阁下也将继续担任加勒比共 同体竞争委员会的委员。

了解如何取得圣卢西亚 公民身份 圣卢西亚的生活质量是世界上其他地区很少能 比得上的。 我们有较低的犯罪率,可使用现代化 设施、服务和基础设施,有世界一流的餐厅、酒 店和最好的房地产。 这个国家很美,但是那些住在这片土地上的人 们才使得一切都变得不同。 圣卢西亚的一句名 言道出了这个国家的所有财富: 土地,人们, 和光。 圣卢西亚与您一同分享生活的美好。

申请圣卢西亚公民身 份有何优势? • 终身公民身份,包括在圣卢西亚居住、工作和学 习的权利 • 无面试或语言能力要求

• 免签访问超过120个国家和地区,包括申根区和 英国 • 承认双重国藉

• 可携带家属一同申请

• 可自由选择向圣卢西亚国家经济基金捐款,或投 资房地产,或投资企业,或投资无息政府债券


获 取圣卢西亚公民身份 的 两 个 选 择 1. 向圣卢西亚国家经济基金(NEF)捐款: 国家经济基金为您获取圣卢西亚公民身份提供快速通道。 单一申请人

10万美元+手续费+尽职调查费用=10.95万美元

主申请人 及配偶

16.5万美元+手续费+尽职调查费用=18.05万美元

主申请人、配偶及 2位未满16周岁的子女

19万美元+手续费+尽职调查费用=20.75万美元

2. 投资预经批准的房地产项目: 单一申请人

30万美元+手续费+尽职调查费用+政府费用=35.95万美元

主申请人 及配偶

30万美元+手续费+尽职调查费用+政府费用=40.05万美元

主申请人、配偶及 2位未满16周岁的子女

30万美元+手续费+尽职调查费用+政府费用=45.25万美元

*表格中的费用不包括法律费用和护照费用。 **费用可能发生变化

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成为世界公民

北京办事处:北京市朝阳区亮马桥路42号光明饭店写字楼12层 • 邮编:100125 电话:+86 (0) 10 6463 7166 • 电子邮件:China@csglobalpartners.com • www.csglobalpartners.cn 总部地址:10 Dover Street, Mayfair, London, W1S 4LQ, UK 电话:+44 (0) 207 318 4343 • 电子邮件:info@csglobalpartners.com • www.csglobalpartners.com

伦敦 • 苏黎世 • 香港 • 北京 • 迪拜 • 新德里 • 拉各斯 • 温德和克 • 圣基茨和尼维斯 • 新加坡


Citizenship by Investment Summer 2017

The Commonwealth of Dominica has the honour of being nominated as one of the happiest places to live on earth.

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Citizenship by Investment Requirements

Dominica offers applicants the option of becoming citizens in return for a qualifying investment, which includes either a donation to Dominica’s Economic Diversification Fund, or the purchase of pre-approved real estate.

Ü Economic Diversification Fund The Economic Diversification Fund was established through the Economic Citizenship Programme as one component of a national capital mobilisation portfolio towards an ultimate goal of national development for Dominica. Generated funds are utilised for public and private sector projects where a need is identified. Public sector projects identified for financing under the Programme include (1) building of schools, (2) renovation of the hospital, (3) building of a national sports stadium and (4) towards the promotion of the offshore sector. With respect to private sector projects, Government emphasis is on the tourism, information technology and agricultural sectors and therefore public sector projects to be financed under the Programme will fall within one of these sectors.

To qualify for citizenship under this investment option, there are four investment categories with different contribution amounts, based on the number of dependents included in the application, which are as follows: 1. Single Applicant: a non-refundable contribution of USD 100,000 is required 2. Main Applicant and Spouse: a non-refundable contribution of USD 175,000 is required 3. Main Applicant with up to three dependents (applicant plus spouse and two children below the age of 18): a non-refundable contribution of USD 200,000 4. Main Applicant with up to four dependents or more (applicant plus spouse and more than two children below the age of 18): a nonrefundable contribution of USD 200,000 plus USD 20,000 for each additional dependent under the age of 18 years and USD 50,000 for each additional dependent aged 18 or over.

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Investment Programme, an applicant must purchase authorised real estate to the minimum value of USD 200,000. Following approval of a real estate investment application, the following Government Fees are payable: • USD 50,000 for the Single Applicant • USD 75,000 for family up to 4 persons, including the main applicant • USD 100,000 for family up to 6 persons, including the main applicant • USD 20,000 for each additional dependant aged under 18 years; USD 25,000 for each additional dependant aged over 18 years Given that the application procedure under this option entails the purchase of real estate, this can prolong the processing time, which is subject to the chosen property.

Real Estate

To qualify for citizenship of Dominica under the Real Estate Option under the Citizenship by

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Citizenship by Investment Summer 2017

Jungle Bay Villas, Dominica

on Target for Opening in 2018 Jungle Bay Villas development in Dominica is one of the Caribbean’s most exciting Citizenship by Investment real estate investment opportunities. The hotel development is well into its construction, and the first 60 vacation villas will open in late 2018. Overlooking the Soufriere Scotts Head Marine Reserve, the property has a stunning ocean view and is surrounded by some of the top snorkeling sites in the Caribbean! For international investors seeking high quality real estate along with citizenship, this is said to be one of the best value options around the globe. The Jungle Bay Story The first Jungle Bay hotel development was funded through the Dominica CBI program. It opened in 2005 under the Jungle Bay brand, and within months it started attracting the attention of major luxury travel magazines and financial publications around the globe like Wall Street Journal, New York Times, Financial Times of London, Forbes, CNN Money, and American Express Travel just to name a few. Many of the 200 awards and accolades tell the story of Jungle Bay’s exceptional quality amenities, services, dedicated staff and management (www.JungleBayMedia. com). In addition to journals and awards programs featuring Jungle Bay, hotel guests are also sharing their personal recommendations about the unique boutique hotel. Several years in a row Jungle Bay was named among the top Caribbean hotels on TripAdvisor. In 2015 Jungle Bay was named #3 hotel in the Caribbean by Travelers Choice! The unparalleled guest feedback is a result of the Jungle Bay philosophy which focuses on quality, personalized experience and encourages luxury indulgences at the hotel with all the comforts of a world-class spa, gourmet cuisine, business center, yoga studio and much more. With the increasing demand by international guests, land for the second Jungle Bay development was acquired and plans commenced last year for the new property.

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What Else is Unique About Jungle Bay? Jungle Bay has an advantage as being one of the only developments that provides investors an income producing vacation villa with a full title. Buyers can make the award-winning Jungle Bay Resort their Caribbean residential address! Past hotel performance indicates that the annual return on investment (ROI) is attractive based on its successful track record. A long list of past Jungle Bay guests is already on a waiting list for the new property to open. Investors have no ongoing fees or hassles; the experienced hotel management team takes care of villa rentals and up-keeping. It truly is one of the best value CBI real estate options starting at $255,000 for your own ocean-view villa.

Construction Timeline

The second Jungle Bay property featuring luxury villas, is now under construction. Ground breaking at the project site was in late 2016. Currently the Jungle Bay Villas development is already one quarter complete with the ongoing construction of villas, the yoga studios, spa, restaurant, swimming pool, and other amenities. Monthly construction updates are posted on the website: www.JungleBayVillas.com/blog including stories about the talented architects and construction team that are collaborating to develop this boutique hotel property.

The first block of villas has been sold out and the second phase is now being sold to interested qualified CBI investors. Jungle Bay’s knowledgeable and efficient team will answer any queries from prospective individual investors and agents. Dominica’s CBI Program Jungle Bay is one of the few real estate options approved by the Government of Dominica Citizenship by Investment Program of Dominica. The CBI Program in Dominica has been operating since 1993 and is highly qualified and efficient. Dominica Citizenship affords passport holders: VISA-FREE TRAVEL Dominica’s Passport offers Visa-Free travel to over 120 countries, including all European Union (EU) States, United Kingdom, Ireland, Sweden, Switzerland, Singapore, and Hong Kong. MINIMAL TAXATION No wealth tax, no gift tax, no inheritance tax, no foreign income tax, no capital gains tax. FULL RESIDENCY STATUS With the right to live and work in Dominica. RIGHT TO DUAL CITIZENSHIP NO RESIDENCY REQUIREMENT Before or after citizenship is granted.

Dominica’s Honorable Prime Minister Roosevelt Skerrit and Jungle Bay Owner Samuel Raphael at the Ground Blessing in May 2017

Known as the Nature Island of Dominica, this picturesque island nation is abundant in opportunities for adventure tourists like breathtaking waterfalls, 365 rivers, awardwinning snorkeling sites, fascinating cultural heritage tours, rejuvenating natural hot springs, adventurous forest hikes up to volcanos and more. Visitors will tell you that the island is perhaps most known for the friendly and welcoming local Dominicans. The Jungle Bay Villas in Dominica are being called one of the best value for money investments around the globe for 2017/2018.

Nancy Atzenweiler, Senior Client Advisor www.JungleBayVillas.com info@junglebaydominica.com

For more information about the unique Jungle Bay Villas CBI Real Estate opportunity, you can reach Nancy Atzenweiler.


Obtain Dominica Citizenship by purchasing an income producing vacation villa with a title. Make the award winning Jungle Bay Resort your Caribbean residential address!

JUNGLE BAY RESORT & SPA HAS BEEN FEATURED IN:

CONTACT US TODAY FOR A CONFIDENTIAL CONSULTATION +1 (767) 446-1789 +1 (767) 275-2369 info@JungleBayDominica.com www.JungleBayVillas.com

APPROVED BY THE GOVERNMENT OF THE COMMONWEALTH OF DOMINICA CITIZENSHIP BY INVESTMENT PROGRAM


Citizenship by Investment Summer 2017

多米尼加联邦

Country Spotlight

国家聚焦

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关于多米尼加

多米尼加联邦的发现肯定会产生不 同于其他的加勒比海的经验。它的热带 雨林、河流和瀑布展现出了这里壮观的 景象。但这并不令人吃惊,因为多米尼 加已被人们亲切地称之为“自然之岛“ ,多米尼加的居民与这里的植物、动物 和鸟类等许多珍稀物种共同生活中这座 岛上。多米尼加崎岖的地形为热爱冒险 的游客提供了可供探险的峡谷,游客们 还可以在高处骑自行车或荡秋千。对于 那些热爱自然的游客,多米尼加是个绝 佳的鸟类观赏地。此外,它的植物园里 生活着Sisserou鹦鹉,它们只在这座岛上 被人发现过,是岛上的国鸟。 多米尼加以其壮观的珊瑚礁而闻 名,游客可以在潜水或浮潜时探索一 下。资深潜水爱好者一定要去参观香槟 礁。对于好静的游客,可以选择参加划 船游览活动。游客们可以在双体船上观 赏两栖动物或是看成群结队的海豚。

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多米尼加为热带气候,常年光照 充足,人们喜欢在阳光下饮酒娱乐。面 朝加勒比海,山脉植被茂盛的一面其间 点缀着星罗棋布充满异国风情的热带花 朵、香蕉果园和椰子树。沸湖是个进行 自我放松的好去处,据说对于一些疾病 还有治愈能力。

放松自己,他们经常举办一些精彩华丽 的音乐和戏剧演出。

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拥有多米尼加国籍的优势

多米尼加曾被提名为世界上幸福 感最高的居住地之一,为当地人民所自 豪。朴素是这里的主要基调,你可以赤 脚在海滨上奔跑玩闹,也可以在丛林中 漫步寻求片刻的宁静,抑或是躺在沙滩 上凝视远方和海洋,在多米尼加,人与 自然是一个整体,安静平和是人们内心 最深处的感受。

取得多米尼加护照最大的便利之一 就是持有者进出欧洲方便。多米尼加生 活水平高,本身就是个宜居的地区。它 的官方语言为英语,进行商业贸易时不 会为语言问题困扰。多米尼加的宏观经 济环境先进稳定,经济自由投资环境良 好。公民可以自由调动资金、股息和利 润,且免付资本增值税、房产税或遗产 税,使得这里成了人们保护自己财富的 主要选择地。

多米尼加是英国、法国、非洲和加 勒比文化的大熔炉,你可以在这里认识 大量友善风趣的当地人,并与他们交朋 友。这个国家的目标是成为加勒比地区 经济发展最强劲的国家。岛上的居民工 作努力,同时也热爱生活,懂得怎样去

多米尼加制定了大量灵活多变且 对投资者有利的投资政策,因此许多国 际公司向多米尼加的农业、新能源、制 造企业、度假旅馆开发,甚至是电影产 业进行投资。因为多米尼加的土壤是火 山灰,养料充足,非常适合种植各种水


Citizenship by Investment Summer 2017

多米尼加联邦曾经 被提名为世界上幸 福感最高的居住地 之一。

参与合伙投资,或者与私人土地所 有者一起合作。

部门项目的尊重,政府强调公共部门要 在旅游、信息技术和农业领域,公共部 门项目在这些项目融资完毕后再进行。

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为通过投资方式取得公民身份,基 于申请者家属的数量,这里有4种要求不 同的投资种类:

投资移民要求

投资者可以通过为多米尼加的经济 多元化基金提供捐款,或是购买政府批 准下的房地产的方式,来申请成为多米 尼加公民。

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经济多元化基金

1. 个人申请:一次性捐献不可归还 的资金10万美元; 2. 主申请人与配偶:一次性捐献不 可归还的资金17.5万美元;

政府基金通过经济公民计划作为国 民资本调动组合的一部分而设立,最终 目的是为了国家的发展。

3. 申请人与其最多3位亲属(申请人 加配偶加两个18周岁以下的子女):捐 献不可归还的资金20万美元;

该基金生成的资金被公共部门和经 审核的私人部门所使用。公共部门项目 中认定为可融资的项目有:(1)建设学 校;(2)整修医院;(3)修建公共体 育场;(4)提升海外部门。出于对私人

4. 申请人与四位亲属或更多(申请 人加配偶加两个以上未满18周岁的子 女):捐献不可归还的资金20万美元 (每增加一位18周岁以下的亲属追加2万 美元,每增加一位18周岁以上的亲属追

加5万美元)。

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房地产

通过投资移民项目下的房地产投资 来获取多米尼加护照,申请人必须购买 价值至少20万美元政府批准下的房产。 房地产投资申请获批后,投资者应 上交以下政府费用: • • • •

单个申请人50,000美元 包括主申请人最多4人75,000美元 包括主申请人最多6人100,000美元 每附加一个18周岁以下的亲属需缴 费20,000美元;每附加一个18周岁 以上的亲属需缴费25,000美元

此选项下的申请程序因需购买房地 产,审批时间可能会延长。

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Citizenship by Investment Summer 2017

Country Spotlight

Greece Country Spotlight

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Greece at a glance

Greece, a full EU Member State, scores high on all major factors taken into consideration when choosing a new country for relocating, such as quality of life, regulated environment, secure living conditions in urban and rural areas, access to efficient services, residence privileges for family members, freedom to travel, among others. Despite its small size, Greece features a particularly diverse natural environment, providing many recreational opportunities. This, combined with a spir-ited lifestyle blending both ancient and modern Mediterranean culture, makes Greece a simply ex-traordinary place to be - and a wonderful place to call home. The birthplace of Western civilisation, Greece’s cultural legacy lives on in modern Greek society. While countless archaeological sites and museums offer visitors and residents a chance to experience Greek history in person, the country’s deep heritage is also felt in the spectacular concert halls, the summer open-air theatres, and the bustling neighbourhood art galleries found throughout Athens and other cities. Greece is today, as it has been for thousands of years, an inspiring place to be. With 300+ days of sunshine per year, the climate in Greece makes living in this Mediterranean destination a year-round joy.

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The country’s stunning topography and existing facilities offer count-less options for recreation and relaxation, such as swimming, sailing, kite surfing, rafting, biking, rock climbing, skiing, golf, spas just to name a few. For after hours entertainment, restaurants, bars, clubs and cultural venues all contribute to a vibrant nightlife. A modern tourism infrastructure is at your disposal for weekend getaways to some of the world’s most beautiful locales. Whatever you choose to do, healthy and joyful living is part of the Greek lifestyle. The Mediterranean diet is a global brand that needs no introduction. There is nowhere on earth better suited for healthy, wholesome eating than Greece. With a rich variety of ingredients and traditional products, such as seafood, olive oil, cheeses and other dairy products, tempting pastries and specialty wines that will satisfy every foodie and thrill every cook. Greece offers a wide variety of international educational options for expatriates, from pre-schools to universities - especially for students seeking studies in English, French and German. Many high schools offer the International Baccalaureate (IB) program and have a agood track record in plac-ing students at prestigious universities, both in Greece and abroad. At the same time, many inter-national universities offer unique educational programs in Greece for undergraduates and gradu-ates alike.

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Politics

The politics of Greece takes place in a parliamentary representative democratic republic. Thus, the Prime Minister of Greece is the head of government, and of system of multi-parties. Passing legis-lation is done in both the government and the Hellenic Parliament. Since 1974 and Greek govern-mentdebt crisis the party system was dominated by the liberal-conservative New Democracy and the social-democratic Panhellenic Socialist Movement. The Judiciary is independent of the execu-tive and the legislature. The Constitution of Greece, which calls Greece a "presidential parliamentary republic", includes extensive specific guarantees of civil liberties and vests the powers of the head of state in a presi-dent elected by parliament. The Greek governmental structure is similar to that found in many other Western democracies, and has been described as a compromise between the French and German models. Legislative power is exercised by Parliament and the President of the Republic. Executive power is exercised by the President of the Republic and the Government. Judicial power is vested in the courts of law, whose decisions are executed in the name of the people.


Citizenship by Investment Summer 2017

The birthplace of Western civilisation, Greece’s cultural legacy lives on in modern Greek society.

Although the President of the Republic has limited political power, as most power lies with the government, his duties include formally appointing the Prime Minister, on whose recommendation he also appoints or dismisses other members of government, he represents the State in its relations to other States, proclaims referendums etc. Greek politics is often described as dynastic, with long-established political families controlling the positions of power. This is certainly true for the Prime Ministers, but there are many Ministers and Members of Parliament with no relation to political families.

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Economy

The economy of Greece is the 51st in the world by purchasing power, and is the 45th largest in the world. The Greek debt crisis, which played out after the financial crisis in 2007-8, the Greek econ-omy struggled to meet its repayment schedule. Negotiations between its creditors led to austerity measures; in a popular referendum in 2015, the Greek public rejected the third round of austerity measures. However, the Greek economy is beginning to recover. In 2016, the Greek economy grew by 1.5%, and Alex Tsipras has recently replaced hardline left ministers with newer recruits who are more willing to cooperate with Greece’s creditors.

Furthermore, the launch of the Golden Visa program in 2013 underlines its commitment to opening the country to foreign investment. Starting in June 2013, the Greek authorities issues 983 Golden Visas. Despite the economic problems that have affected Greece in recent years, it remains a vi-able and popular option for people who wish to relocate to Europe. Indeed, GDP has been expanding at its fastest rate since 2008 – perhaps marking the start of a period of growth.

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Requirements and procedures

Real estate Greece offers the opportunity to invest in a residency permit. To apply for the permit, an applicant must first apply for a national “D” visa in order to gain entry to Greece. The applicant can then buy a property. The property investment can be a single property or multiple properties, as long as the value of the investment is EUR 250,000 plus VAT. A residence permit can be renewed every 5 years, as long as the holder still owns the property in question, or other properties of the same value.

Investment in industry Greece also welcomes investment activity involved in the implementation of the operation of an investment project. Up to ten permits may be issued for an investment project (investors and ex-ecutives) depending on the investment scale. The investment activity may be implemented through the construction of new facilities or business acquisitions, as well as expansion of current activities, provided it has a positive impact on the national economy. In order to qualify for the residency permit, the investment must equal the value of EUR 250,000.

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Benefits

• No obligation to give up current nationality • Can gain European member status in as little as 2 months • Your immediate family (spouse and children) can also gain citizenship • Freedom to travel throughout Europe, and a total of 191 countries worldwide • Ability to apply to European educational institutions

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Citizenship by Investment Summer 2017

希腊

Country Spotlight

国家聚焦

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希腊概况一览

希腊作为欧盟成员国的一员,投 资者在选择新的移民国家时要考虑到很 多因素,如生活质量,环境规范,城乡 生活条件,服务服务,居住特权,家庭 成员,自由旅行等方面。尽管希腊的国 土面积很小,但它拥有着多样化的自然 环境,为人们提供了许多娱乐机会。这 种融合了古代和现代地中海文化精神的 生活,使希腊成为了一个特别非凡的地 方,也同样是一个美丽的地方。 希腊是西方文明的发源地,在现代 希腊社会仍然延续着以前的传统文化。 无数的考古遗址和博物馆都为游客和当 地居民提供了体验希腊历史的机会,该 国的深厚底蕴也可以通过整个雅典和其 他城市壮观的音乐厅、夏季露天剧场以 及繁华街区艺术画廊来发现和感受。希 腊是今天,但它也以延续数千年,这是 一个鼓舞人心的地方。 希腊每年都有300多天的日照时间, 希腊的气候使得生活在地中海地区的人 们一年四季都能找到欢乐。希腊的惊人 地形和现有设施为娱乐和放松提供了

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无数选项,如游泳、帆船、风筝冲浪、 漂流、自行车、攀岩、滑雪、高尔夫、 温泉——而这仅仅是众多娱乐活动中的 冰山一角。娱乐、餐厅、酒吧、俱乐部 和文化场所的休闲娱乐活动全都是为活 跃的夜生活而准备的。现代旅游基础设 施是在您的处置周末度假时的一些世界 上最美丽的语言环境。无论你选择做什 么,健康快乐的生活方式都是希腊生活 的一部分。

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地中海饮食是一个无需介绍的全球 品牌。地球上没有比希腊更健康的饮食 种类了。希腊拥有丰富的美食和传统食 品,如海鲜、橄榄油、奶酪和其他乳制 品,诱人的糕点和特色葡萄酒,将满足 每一位美食家和厨师的味蕾。

希腊“宪法”将希腊称为“总统议会共 和国”,其中包括对广泛的公民自由的具 体保障,并赋予公民在议会选举中产生 总统的权力。希腊的政府结构与其他许 多西方民主国家相似,并被描述为法国 和德国模式之间的妥协。

希腊提供各种各样的国际教育选 择,适用于从学前到大学的外籍人士, 特别是那些寻求英语、法语和德语教育 的学生。许多高中提供国际文凭(IB)。 同时,许多国际大学在希腊为本科生和 毕业生提供独特的教育计划。

立法权由议会和共和国总统行使。 行政权由总统和政府行使。司法权属于 法院,其决定以人民的名义执行。

政治

希腊的政治体制为议会代表制民主 共和国。因此,希腊首相是政府和多党 制度的首脑。该国立法由政府和希腊议 会共同审理。自1974年以及希腊政府债 务危机以来,党派制度由自由保守的新 民主主义和社会民主的泛希腊社会主义 运动主导。希腊司法机构独立于行政立 法机关。

虽然共和国总统的政治权力有限, 因为政府行使大部分权利,他的职责包 括正式任命总理,建议任命或解雇其他 政府成员,代表国家与其他国家建立友 好关系以及宣布全民投票等。


Citizenship by Investment Summer 2017

希腊是西方文明的 发源地,在现代希 腊社会仍然延续着 以前的传统文化。

希腊政治往往被描述为王朝,长期 以来由各政治家庭控制权力。总理当然 是这样,但有很多部长和国会议员与政 治家庭无关。

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经济

希腊的经济购买力全球排名第51 位,是世界第45大经济体。希腊债务危 机在2007年到2008年的金融危机爆发 后出现,希腊经济目前正在努力在债务 危机中复苏。债权人之间的谈判导致了 经济紧缩措施:在2015年的公民投票 中,希腊公民拒绝了第三轮紧缩措施。 然而,希腊经济已经开始复苏。在2016 年,希腊经济增长了1.5%。 此外,希腊政府2013年推出黄金 签证计划强调其承诺开放国外投资。从 2013年6月起,希腊当局共发放了983份 黄金签证。尽管近年来希腊出现了一系 列的经济问题,但对于希望搬迁到欧洲 的人们来说,希腊仍然是一个可行且受 欢迎的选择。

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要求与程序

房地产 希腊向外国投资者提供获取希腊 投资居留许可证的机会。想要请居留许 可,申请人必须首先申请国家“D”签证以 获得进入希腊的资格。申请人可以通过 购买房产的方式。房地产投资可以是单 一房产也可以是多处房产,只要投资的 价值加上增值税不少于25万欧元即可。 只要持有人仍然拥有相关财产,或其他 具有相同价值的财产,其居留许可可以 每5年更新一次。

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优势

• 不必放弃现有国籍 • 可在短短2个月内获得欧洲居民资格 • 您的直系亲属(配偶和子女)也可

以获得公民身份

• 全欧洲出入境自由,全球191个国家

可免签入境

• 申请欧洲教育机构的能力

工业投资 希腊还欢迎参与投资项目运作的投 资活动。根据投资规模、投资项目(投 资者和高管人员)最多可向投资者签发 十份居留许可证。投资活动可以通过建 设新设施或业务收购来实施,扩大现行 经营活动,只要对国民经济产生积极的 影响就可符号要求。为了符合获取居留 许可,至少要投资25万欧元。

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Citizenship by Investment Summer 2017

Country Spotlight

Grenada Country Spotlight

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Grenada at a glance

The best things in life come in threes, and the triisland state of Grenada is no exception. Consisting of Grenada, Petite Martinique and Carriacou, the picturesque islands offer plentiful opportunities for both adventure lovers and those seeking rest and relaxation. Due to its lush, fertile landscapes and award winning white sandy beaches, visitors may find themselves wishing that they could extend their stay. Renowned for its high exports of nutmeg and mace, Grenada is sometimes dubbed the “Island of Spice” as it is reputed that travellers can taste a faint flavour in the air. Spices aren’t the only natural bounty that Grenada shares with its guests; cocoa beans, bananas and avocados are also grown in abundance throughout the land. Grenada is famed for its unspoilt scenery. Its natural beauty remains largely untouched by industrialisation – between the cobalt blues of the ocean and the rich greens of its vegetation, the eye is spoilt for choice. It is the perfect getaway destination for those seeking adventure in wildlife, suntans and spas or a romantic break with a partner. With its white sand and invitingly clear waters, the Grand Anse beach is regularly noted as one of the most beautiful in the world.

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For those who enjoy active adventure, a trek to the cascading waters of the Seven Sisters Waterfalls will lead you through the rainforest and to unforgettable memories. Visitors to the island are likely to encounter some of the friendliest people in the Caribbean, as Grenada is renowned for its hospitable attitude toward both tourists and new citizens alike. Grenadian culture is expressed through largely creative means: with music, poetry, pageantry, theatre, dance and sports all celebrating past times. Other means of socialising come in the form of organised celebrations and festivities. Lots of time is dedicated toward cooking, with food another activity that Grenadian people like to share with others. The nation is fully English speaking, so there should be little trouble acclimatising and integrating into the community.

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Citizenship in Grenada

The Grenada Citizenship by Investment Committee is the main Government-appointed body tasked with the responsibility of overseeing the processing of applications for Grenadian Citizenship by Investment.

The Committee assesses applications in accordance with the Grenada Citizenship by Investment Act, after which recommendations are made to the Minister, who makes the final decision to deny, approve or delay granting Grenadian citizenship. At present, citizenship in Grenada through the Grenada Citizenship by Investment Program can be achieved through: 1) A contribution to Grenada’s Natural Transformation Fund or 2) The purchase of pre-approved real estate Contribution to Grenada’s Natural Transformation Fund of a minimum of USD 200,000 The non-refundable contribution to the Natural Transformation Fund is a fastest and more straightforward to obtain the citizenship of Grenada. This option is available for USD 200,000 for a family of up to 4 people. In addition to the contribution , application fees, due diligence fees, and processing fees apply.

Investment of a minimum of USD 350,000 in an approved real estate project Routine applications, once they have passed thorough due diligence checks, are processed within 60 business days and a passport is issued at the same time as the Certificate of Registration.


Citizenship by Investment Summer 2017 The investment is subject to a minimum holding period of three years. This investment does not include Government fees, application fees, due diligence fees, and processing fees.

Minimum Investment The minimum investment required under the CBI Programme is USD 350,000. Families who wish to invest larger amounts in custom private homes or in other businesses should discuss this directly with their relevant approved real estate developer or international marketing agent. The Government is welcoming of investors and generous concessions may be made in special circumstances. The Citizenship by Investment Program in Grenada was conceived for unique global citizens who demand exclusivity and prompt personal service. It has been developed to have some distinct advantages over other citizenship options in the Caribbean – whilst the benefit to Grenada is manifested through inward investment, the creation of sustainable long term new employment opportunities for Grenadians, training and the wider benefit directly and indirectly to the Grenadian economy. The broadening of skills, the creation of jobs and the economic benefits derived from new foreign investment will immeasurably strengthen Grenada. The benefits to the applicant / new investor are as follows: 1) Citizenship of Grenada with its attendant benefits for themselves and their immediate families 2) The opportunity to own freehold prime real estate in an approved project The real estate owned by the investor should produce a modest annual income and may be enjoyed by the investor along with friends and family. It should maintain or enhance its market value. More specifically, the benefits that Grenada’s Programme offers over the citizenship programmes of other Caribbean states include:

Efficiency: The application process is quick. The

... Known as the "Island of Spice" because of the production of nutmeg and mace crops of which Grenada is one of the world's largest exporters.

law mandates that routine applications will be approved within 60 business days of submission and the passport issued together with the Certificate of Registration. The application cannot be approved until after the background checks have been cleared.

Family friendly: By not charging exorbitant application and due diligence fees for spouses and family members, Grenada is an attractive option for international businessmen looking for security and travel options for their families.

Good visa-free travel: The Grenada passport allows visa-free travel to more than 120 countries, including China. Grenadian citizens also have the opportunity to apply for the USA E-2 visa. Zero tax: The island has no income, wealth or inheritance taxes. There is no requirement to visit Grenada in order to qualify for citizenship.

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Citizenship by Investment Summer 2017

格林纳达

Country Spotlight

国家聚焦

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格林纳达概况一览

这个风景如画的国家由格林纳达、 小马提尼克岛和卡里亚库岛三个岛屿共 同组成,为冒险爱好者和寻求休闲放松 的人们提供了丰富多彩的娱乐项目。由 于其郁郁葱葱令人赏心悦目的绿色景观 和其著名的白色沙滩,游客可能会希望 可以延长他们自己的度假时间。 格林纳达以肉豆蔻以及肉豆蔻干皮 的高出口量而闻名,有时会被人们称为“ 香料岛”,因为据说旅行者在空气中都能 够品尝到微弱的肉豆蔻的味道。香料并 不是格林纳达能够与客人共享的唯一自 然恩赐:可可豆、香蕉和鳄梨也在整个 土地上茂盛生长。 格林纳达还因其未受破坏的风景而 闻名。它的自然美景在很大程度上都未 受工业化的影响——在海洋的蓝色和葱 郁植被的绿色之间,风景美不胜收。它 是那些喜欢观赏野生动物和晒SPA的冒险 者或与一群旅客的浪漫假期的完美度假 地。凭借其白色的沙滩和迷人清澈的海 水,大安斯海滩经常被媒体誉为为世界 上最美丽的海滩之一。对于那些喜欢冒

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险的游客来说,七姐妹瀑布将会为您在 穿过热带雨林时带来一段难忘的回忆。

评估申请资料,最后由部长裁决哪些通 过哪些拒绝或是延迟考察。

来到这个岛屿的游客很可能会遇 到一些非常爱热闹的加勒比人。格拉纳 达以其对游客的好客态度而闻名。格林 纳达文化通过很大程度上的创造性手段 去表达:人们用音乐、诗歌、剧院、戏 剧、舞蹈和体育等艺术形式去纪念历 史,缅怀过去的时代。其他的社会化方 式是以有组织的庆祝活动和节日的形式 出现。格林纳达人把很多时间都致力于 烹饪,举办与食物相关的活动,并喜欢 与人们分享各色美食。

目前,你可以通过以下两种方式获 取格林纳达的国籍:

岛上的居民全部用英语交流,所以 外来人口在新环境中受到的阻力相对较 小,很容易融入当地的文化与生活。

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格林纳达移民

格林纳达投资移民委员会,是由政 府任命成立的部门,主要负责监督审查 投资移民的申请程序。 该委员会参照格林纳达投资移民法

• 向格林纳达的自然转型基金

(Natural Transformation Fund) 捐款 • 购买政府批准下的房地产。 向格林纳达的自然转型基金 (Natural Transformation Fund)捐款 至少200,000美元。向自然转型基金 (Natural Transformation Fund)捐赠不 可退还资金是获取格林纳达国籍最快和 最直接的方式。200,000美元最多可为包 括主申请人在内的四名家庭成员申请公 民资格,且申请费、调查费与程序费已 包括在内。 投资购买至少价值350,000美元的已获 批房产 完成背景调查后一旦常规申请被批 准通过,护照将会在60个工作日内与注 册证书一同签发给申请人。投资者需持


Citizenship by Investment Summer 2017

有已购房产至少三年,该投资资金不包 括政府审批费用、调查费和程序费。 最低投资额 CBI计划的最低投资额为35万美元。 有的家庭可能希望拿更大的资金投资于 定制的私人住宅或是进行其他交易,投 资人可以直接与相关房地产开发商或国 际市场代理商商议。格林纳达政府非常 欢迎外国投资者的到来,也愿意在特定 的环境中与投资者协商作出一定让步。 格林纳达的投资移民项目为独一 无二的世界公民提供个性化又迅速敏捷 的投资移民服务。格林纳达的发展使得 它的投资移民优势超过了加勒比地区的 大部分国家,且格林纳达也感受到了外 部投资为其带来的有益发展,除了就业 率的上升,外部投资直接或间接的广泛 影响着格林纳达的经济向更好的方向发 展,使得整个国家不断地向上发展,越 来越强大。 投资移民格林纳达的优势如下: • 格林纳达的公民权益申请人与其直

系亲属一并享有

• 在已批准的房地产项目上享有永久

保有的权益

投资者拥有的房地产每年应该会为 投资者带来一定的收入,且投资者也可 能会与家人朋友一同享受居住。它应该 保持或提高其市场价值。 更具体的来说,格林纳达移民项目 提供给投资者的好处是远多于加勒比地 区其他国家的: 效率:申请程序快捷高效。法律规 定普通申请应在申请者投递的60个工作 日内处理完毕,完成背景审查工作,发 放护照。

…格林纳达以肉豆 蔻以及肉豆蔻干皮 的高出口量而闻 名,有时会被人们 称为“香料岛”。

家庭:配偶及其他家庭成员不必承 担程序费、调查费,格林纳达对于想要 给自己的家庭一个安全理想的庇护所的 国际商人来说,是一个十分具有吸引力 的选择。 旅行免签入境:允许免签入境超120 个国家,包括中国。格林纳达公民有申 请美国E-2签证的机会。 零税率:该岛无所得税、财产税和 遗产税。 格林纳达对于投资移民申请人没有 居留要求。

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Citizenship by Investment Summer 2017

Country Spotlight

Malta Country Spotlight

Ü Quick Facts

World War), making it one of the world's most densely populated countries.

è Capital City: M  anama è Population: 1,343,000

The capital of Malta is Valletta, and is the smallest national capital in the European Union. Malta has two official languages: Maltese and English.

è Nominal GDP:USD 7.19 billion è Government: Parliamentary republic è President: Marie Louise Coleiro Preca è Prime Minister:Joseph Muscat è Ethnic groups: 95.17% Maltese, 4.83 % Non-Maltese.

Ü Malta at a Glance Malta is a southern European island nation comprising an archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea. It lies 50 miles south of Italy, 176 miles east of Tunisia, and 207 miles north of Libya. The country covers just over 122 square miles, with a population of just under 450,000 (despite an extensive emigration program since the Second

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Malta's location has historically given it great strategic importance as a naval base and a succession of powers, including the Phoenicians, Romans, Moors, Normans, Sicilians, Spanish, Knights of St. John, French and British, have ruled the island.

Ü Economy Until around 1800, Malta was dependant on cotton, tobacco and its shipyards for exports. However, once it came under British control, the UK had a certain dependency on Maltese Dockyards for support of the British Royal Navy, especially during the Crimean War of 1854. The military base aided various Maltese and British craftsmen and all those who served in the British military during the 1800s.

Currently, Malta is considered an advanced economy... according to the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Malta's major resources are limestone, a favourable geographic location and a productive labour force.


Citizenship by Investment Summer 2017 The 1869 opening of the Suez Canal helped Malta's economy take a significant upturn, with a massive increase in the freight ships that entered the port. Ships stopping at Malta's docks for refuelling helped the Entrepôt trade, which brought additional monetary, trading and industrial benefits to the island. Towards the end of the 19th century, however, the Maltese economy entered a serious decline and, by the 1940s, that decline had morphed into a serious crisis. One factor was the longer range of newer merchant ships that required less frequent refuelling stops. Currently, Malta is considered an advanced economy, together with 32 other countries globally, according to the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Malta's major resources are limestone, a favourable geographic location and a productive labour force. Malta produces only about 20% of its food needs and intake, has limited freshwater supplies because of summer droughts, and has no domestic energy sources, aside from the potential for solar energy from its plentiful sunlight. The economy is dependent on lots of foreign trade, with Malta serving as a freight trans-shipment point: manufacturing - largely electronics and textiles - and a thriving tourism sector. In preparation for its inauguration into the European Union, which it officially joined in May 2004, Malta privatised some state-controlled firms and liberalised certain markets. For instance, the government declared in January 2007 that it was to sell its 40% stake in MaltaPost (the state postal service), to complete a privatisation process which has been ongoing. In 2010, Malta had managed to fully privatise its postal services, as well as telecommunications, shipyards

and shipbuilding. Film production, strangely, is a growing contributing sector to the Maltese economy. The first film ever to be shot in Malta was in 1925 - H. Bruce Woolfe’s Sons of the Sea. Since then, over 100 feature films have been entirely or partially filmed in the country. Malta has served as a ‘double location’ for a wide variety of locations and historic periods including Ancient Greece, Ancient and Modern Rome, Iraq, the Middle East and many more. The government introduced a number of financial incentives for filmmakers in 2005, in a bid to attract more of them to use the island as a location. The current financial incentives to foreign productions currently stand at 25% with an additional 2% if Malta stands in as Malta (rather than as a double), meaning a production can get up to 27% back on its eligible spending incurred in Malta from the government. Malta has taken significant and considerable measures to mark itself out as a global player in the cross-border fund administration industry. Competing alongside countries such as Ireland and Luxembourg, it has a unique blend of both a multi-lingual workforce and strong legal system. Malta has a mixed standing for transparency and a DAW Index score of 6, though both are likely to improve as Malta progressively assumes more comprehensive legislative framework for financial services. Malta has a regulator, namely the MFSA, with a strong business development mindset and outlook. The country has been successful in drawing gaming companies, aircraft and ship registration firms, credit-card issuing banking licences and fund administration. Service providers to these industries, including fiduciary and trustee business, are a core part of the growth

strategy of the island and its citizenship by investment program is well established (see our CBI section for more on Malta’s impact here). Strong headway has been made in implementing EU Financial Services Directives in the country. As a base for alternative asset managers, who must comply with new directives, Malta has attracted a number of key players including IDS, Iconic Funds, Apex Fund Services and TMF/ Customs House. Malta and Tunisia are currently discussing the commercial exploitation of the continental shelf between their countries, particularly for petroleum exploration. These discussions are also undergoing between Malta and Libya for similar arrangements. The two largest commercial banks are Bank of Valletta and HSBC Bank Malta (featured in this publication), both of whom can trace their origins back to the 19th century. The Central Bank of Malta (Bank Centrali ta' Malta) has two key capacities of responsibility: the construction and implementation of monetary policy country-wide and the advancement of a wide-ranging and effective financial system. The bank itself was established by the Central Bank of Malta Act in April 1968 and the Maltese government entered ERM II on 4 May 2005, and adopted EUR as the country's currency in January 2008. FinanceMalta is the quasi-governmental organisation tasked with marketing and enlightening business leaders about Malta’s strengths as a business destination.

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Citizenship by Investment Summer 2017

The company runs seminars and events around the world highlighting the emerging strength of Malta as a jurisdiction for banking and finance and insurance.

Ü Politics Malta is a parliamentary republic whose parliamentary system and public administration are closely modelled on the UK’s Westminster system. Malta had the second-highest voter turnout globally -and ranked highest for nations without a mandatory voting system in place and enforcement - based on electoral turnout in national lower house elections from 1960 to 1995. The unicameral House of Representatives is elected by direct universal suffrage through a single transferable vote every five years, unless the House is dissolved earlier by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister. The Maltese House of Representatives is made up of 69 members of parliament in total. However, if a party is to win an absolute majority of votes, but does not have a majority of seats, that party is handed additional seats to safeguard a parliamentary majority. The Constitution of Malta provides that the President appoints as Prime Minister the member of the House that is best able to command a governing majority in the House. The President of Malta is appointed for a five-year term by a resolution of the House of Representatives carried by a simple majority. The role of the President as head of state is largely ceremonial and superfluous in some respects. The main political parties are the Nationalist Party - a Christian democratic party - and the Labour Party - a social democratic party. The Labour Party is currently at the helm of the government, with its Prime Minister being Joseph Muscat. The Nationalist Party, with Simon Busuttil as its leader, is thusly in opposition. There are a number of smaller political parties in Malta that presently have little or indeed no

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parliamentary representation.

Ü Tourism Malta is an extremely popular tourist destination, with 1.6 million inbound tourists per year. Three times more tourists visit the country than residents that live there. Tourism infrastructure has increased and improved dramatically over the years and a number of high quality hotels are available on the island, although overdevelopment and the destruction of traditional housing is of a growing concern among natives. An increasing number of Maltese themselves now travel abroad to holiday. In recent years, Malta has promoted itself as a medical tourism destination, and a number of health tourism providers are pushing to develop the industry, however, no Maltese hospital has undergone an independent international healthcare accreditation procedure. Malta is very popular with British medical tourists (and indeed British tourists in general), directing Maltese hospitals towards seeking UK-sourced accreditation, such as the Trent Accreditation Scheme. Dual accreditation with the Americanoriented Joint Commission is necessary if hospitals in Malta wish to compete with the Far East and Latin America for the lucrative market of medical tourists from the United States.

Ü Malta Multiplies Malta has established itself on the World stage and is as prosperous as it ever has been in its history. A thriving tourism sector, a widening and strengthening commercial outlook and a key geographic placement have led to increased trade and investment. Its place as a thoroughfare country for increasing trade and investment between Europe and the GCC may well be unmatched.


A leading specialist in Residence and Citizenship Programmes.

The Integritas Group is a multi-disciplinary firm with extensive experience in providing corporate, trust, residence and citizenship services to its clients. The services provided include the incorporation and maintenance of companies, set up of trusts, provision of trustee and fiduciary services and assistance in the participation to the various residence programmes in Malta and in other jurisdictions; as well as the Individual Investor Programme (IIP), Malta’s popular citizenship programme. As a boutique firm, the Integritas Group provides a bespoke service and has a personalised relationship with its clients.

114/3, The Strand, Gzira GZR 1027 - Malta Phone: +356 23 850611 • Fax: +356 21 334405 Email: info@integritas-trustees.com • www.integritas-trustees.com Integritas Trustees Ltd (C 22574) is authorised by the Malta Financial Services Authority under the Trusts & Trustees Act. Integritas Consulting Ltd (C 52711) and Integritas Corporate-Services Ltd (C 52395) are licenced by the MFSA to act as Corporate Service Providers.


Citizenship by Investment Summer 2017

马耳他 国家聚焦

Country Spotlight

Ü 实况速览 è 首都:瓦莱塔 è 人口:1,343,000 è 名义GDP:71.9亿美元 è 政府:议会制共和制 è 总统: 玛丽·路易斯·科勒略·普雷

卡 è 总理:约瑟夫·穆斯卡特 è 民族: 95.17% 马耳他人, 4.83 % 非马

耳他人

Ü 马耳他概览 马耳他是位于欧洲南部的岛国,由地中 海附近的群岛组成。距意大利南方50英 里,突尼斯以东176英里,利比亚以北 207英里。国土面积超过122平方英里, 人口约45万(尽管移民项目在二战后才

广泛开放),马耳他是世界上人口密集度 最高的国家之一。其首都为瓦莱塔,是欧 盟成员国中面积最小的首都。马耳他有英 语和马耳他语两种官方语言。 马耳他作为一个海军基地,在历史上有着 极其重要的战略地位,并相继被腓尼基 人、罗马人、摩尔人、诺曼第人、西西里 岛人、西班牙人、圣约翰骑士团、法国人 和英国人统治。

Ü 经济 直到18世纪,马耳他的经济主要依赖于 棉花、烟草和与出口相关的造船厂。 后来马耳他处于英国的控制之下,英国对 为英国皇家海军提供支持的马耳他造船厂 具有一定的依赖性,特别是在1854年的 克里米亚战争期间。 18世纪期间,军事基地帮助了大量在英 国军队服役的马耳他人和英国工匠。

近来,马耳他根据国 际货币基金组织的规 定,连同全球另外 32个国家一起,考 虑转型到更先进的经 济体系。马耳他的主 要资源是石灰岩,同 时拥有有利的地理位 置和廉价劳动力。

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1869年苏伊士运河开放,停靠在马耳他 港口的货船大规模增加,使得马耳他的 经济显著好转。这些货船停靠在马耳他沿 岸添加燃料,并帮助马耳他进行转口贸 易,为这个国家带来了大量的金钱,当时 欧洲贸易与工业的发展为马耳他带来了巨 大的利益。

部或部分内容在该国拍摄。对于多种多样 的地理位置和历史时期,包括古希腊、古 罗马、现代罗马、伊拉克、中东和更多地 区,马耳他已经成为了一处“双重位置” 。政府在2005推出了一些专门针对电影 制作商的经济激励举措,用以吸引更多的 人来利用该岛的位置拍摄电影。

19世纪末,马耳他经济遭受打击严重衰 退,在19世纪40年代更是经历重大打 击。导致这种局面的其中一个因素是越来 越多的商船不再在马耳他的港口停靠。

马耳他通过深思熟虑采取一系列显著的策 略以标榜自己在跨国基金管理行业已成 为一个作为全球化参与者。与它竞争的 国家,如爱尔兰和卢森堡,它有一个独 特的融合了多语言劳动力和强大的法律制 度的金融环境。马耳他所具有的透明度 和DAW指数为6 ,这两个条件可以帮助 他逐步建立起更全面更成熟的金融服务 法律框架。

进来,马耳他根据国际货币基金组织的规 定,连同全球另外32个国家一起,考虑 转型到更先进的经济体系。马耳他的主要 资源是石灰岩,同时拥有有利的地理位置 和廉价劳动力。马耳他的产出仅仅占所需 食物的20%,淡水资源有限并且国内没 有能源供给,但此地日照充足,太阳能资 源开发潜力大。其经济主要依赖对外贸 易,以航海业为主,以及电子制造业、纺 织业和旅游业。 马耳他将一部分国有企业私有化,并开放 一部分自由市场,来为其加入欧盟做准 备,并于2004年5月份正式加入欧盟组 织。例如,政府在2007年1月份宣布将售 出马耳他邮政(国家邮政管理局)40% 的股份,来完成一直在持续进行的私有 化进程。2010年马耳他彻底完成了邮政 部门同通讯行业、造船业一样的私有化 转变。 令人惊奇的是,电影制作成了一个不断 增长、为马耳他经济作出巨大贡献的部 门。第一部在马耳他拍摄的电影是1925 年的《H. Bruce Woolfe’s Sons of the Sea》。从那时起,超过100部的电影全

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马耳他的监管机构MFSA,具有较强的 业务发展思路和观点。国家在绘画游戏 公司、飞机和轮船注册公司、信用卡发行 银行牌照和基金管理方面取得了巨大成 功。这些行业的服务提供商,包括信托和 受托业务是国家经济战略发展的核心部 分,并且它的投资移民项目也已建立完善 (查看CBI部分了解更多马耳他这一方面 的信息)。 EU金融服务管理在马耳他发展速度强 劲,作为可替代性的必须遵守新管理的资 产经理的基础,马耳他吸引了大量的核心 成员,包括IDS、Iconic Funds、Apex Fund Services和TMF/Customs House。 马耳他与突尼斯目前正在商讨关于两国之 间大陆架的商业开发问题,特别是石油勘 探方面。同时马耳他与利比亚也在商讨相 同的事宜。

马耳他最大的两家商业银行是瓦莱塔银行 (Bank of Valletta)和HSBC银行马耳 他(HSBC Bank Malta),两大银行都 是成立于19世纪。 马耳他中央银行(Bank Ċentrali ta' Malta)有两大主要责任:创建并履行国 家货币政策—逐步建立更有序高效的金融 体系。该银行于1968年四月通过马耳他 中央银行法案建立,马耳他政府2005年 5月4日进入ERM II,并在2008年一月份 将欧元作为本国货币。 准政府机构建立马耳他金融用以对外宣传 使得海外企业家了解马耳他作为一个投 资国的优势以吸引外国投资。该公司在 世界范围内开展研讨会,向各国强调马 耳他作为银行、金融和保险管理的新兴 实力。 }}}


Citizenship by Investment Summer 2017

Ü 政治 马耳他是一个议会制民主共和国,其议会 制度和公共管理模式都是建立在英国国会 体制的民主议会制上的。马耳他的投票率 全球第二高,是无强制投票制度排名最高 的国家,从1960至1995年在全国范围内 进行众议院选举。一院制的众议院是通过 单一可转移投票每五年直接普选一次,除 非总统根据总理的建议提前解散议院。 众议院由69名议会成员组成,然而,如果 一个政党在选举中赢得绝大多数票在议院 中却没有多数席位,则为维护这个政党的 多数席位而添加额外席位。马耳他宪法规 定,总统任命议会多数派获最多支持的议 员担任总理。 马耳他总统由众议院的决议任命,任期五 年。总统作为国家元首很大程度上在某 些方面只是象征并无实权。国家主要政 党是国民党(Nationalist Party)— 一个 基督教民主党派,工党(Malta Labour Party)— 一个社会民主党派。

工党目前的执政党,其总理Joseph Muscat。国民党,以Simon Busuttil为 领袖,是马耳他最大的反对党。在马耳他 还有若干较小的政党,力量比较微弱。

Ü 旅游业 马耳他是国际上非常热门的旅游度假地, 每年来马耳他参观的游客达1.6百万人 次,数量是当地居民的3倍多。马耳他在 这几年中增加了许多旅游公共设施,并 在岛上修建了大量的高质量酒店,另一 方面这些增加的现代设施破坏了当地的传 统建筑,引起了当地人的关心和忧虑。 而本地越来越多的马耳他人在假期选择去 海外度假。

马耳他是非常热门的医疗旅游胜地(通常 接待英国游客),指导马耳他医院寻求来 自英国的认证,如地区认证机构,会是一 个非常明智的决定。如果想要吸引远东和 拉美的游客,马耳他医院可以寻求美国联 合委员会的认证。

Ü 马耳他 附加 马耳他随着经济的发展国家实力的增强如今 在国际上占有一席之地,它的历史也是同样 的灿烂精彩。旅游业的日渐繁荣,商业前景 的拓展扩大,占据欧洲黄金地理位置,共同 促进了马耳他的贸易与投资。马耳他与欧洲 其他国家一样,寻求贸易和投资的发展,而 GCC可能是其他组织难以匹敌的。

近些年马耳他开始努力发展医疗旅游行业 大量的医疗旅游开发商争先恐后的抢占这 一领域,发展这一行业,然而,马耳他当 地医院并没有经过国际独立保健护理认证 机构的认证。

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Country Spotlight

St.Kitts & Nevis Country Spotlight

Ü

About St Kitts & Nevis

St Kitts & Nevis can be found in the northern Leeward Islands of the Caribbean, tucked away and brimming with a beautiful nature and a lengthy and rich cultural history. It has something for everyone, whether your preferred activities are fishing, water sports, golfing, sailing, going for a nice meal or simply relaxing on the sandy, palm fringed beaches. Although small, Nevis is an unspoiled playground with empty beaches that stretch as far as the eye can see. If you are looking for a place to escape the hustle and bustle of everyday Western life and to find some tranquility, Nevis may be the perfect place for you. There’s also ample opportunity to lose yourself in fishing, diving and a number of other water based activities. There are a plethora of wrecks, caves, walls and pristine reefs just waiting to be explored.

Ü Citizenship in St Kitts & Nevis Background The Government of St Kitts & Nevis has introduced extensive legislation to attract financial

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services businesses to the island. The Citizenship by Investment Programme has also been in operation since 1984, allowing foreign investors to acquire citizenship under certain conditions. This makes it the oldest existing citizenship programme in the world and is the most reputable citizenship programme in existence. One can invest in either designated real estate or contribute to the Sugar Industry Diversification Foundation ("SIDF"). St Kitts & Nevis citizenship is highly regarded. As a result, St Kitts & Nevis citizens enjoy a passport with an excellent reputation and very good visa-free travel, including to all of the EU, Hong Kong, Switzerland, and other countries. Accordingly, the St Kitts & Nevis Citizenship by Investment programme is an attractive option if one is looking to acquire a second citizenship through invest-ment without prior residence requirements. The Citizenship Programme of St Kitts & Nevis requires applicants to make an economic contribution to the country. In exchange, they are granted full citizenship. To qualify for citizenship, the applicant must make either an investment of at least USD 400,000 in one of the approved real estate developments in addition to paying Government fees, due diligence fees and taxes, or a contribution to the Sugar Industry Diversification Foundation (SIDF) to the amount of USD 250,000 (for a single applicant). However, this includes all Government fees with the exception of due

diligence fees.

Benefits

When you acquire citizenship under the St Kitts & Nevis Citizenship Programme, you and your family enjoy full citizenship for life, which can be passed on to future generations by descent. As a citizen of St Kitts & Nevis, you have the right to take up residence in St Kitts & Nevis at any time and for any length of time. You will not be taxed on foreign income, capital gains, gift, wealth or inheritance tax so this may complement your current wealth protection and tax planning strategies.

Ü Requirements and Procedures Real Estate Option To qualify for citizenship of St Kitts and Nevis under the real estate option of its Citizenship by In-vestment Programme, the Government requires an investment in designated real estate with a value of at least USD 400,000.


Citizenship by Investment Summer 2017

On approval in principle of an application under the real estate investment option the following fees are payable to the Government of St Kitts and Nevis:

St.Kitts & Nevis is an unspoiled playground with empty beaches that stretch as far as the eye can see.

• USD 50,000.00 for the main applicant. • USD 25,000.00 for the spouse of the main applicant • USD 25,000.00 for each child of the main applicant under the age of 18 • USD 50,000.00 for each qualified dependant of the main applicant above the age of 18 other than spouse • Children over 18 years but below 30 and in a dependency relationship with their parents. In ad-dition, parents and grandparents aged 55 or over must be living with and dependent on the main applicant. Additionally to these fees, real-estate buyers should be aware that there are also purchase costs (mainly compulsory insurance fund contribution and conveyance fees) of approximately 4–5% of the purchase price. Only villas and condominium units from an approved developer will qualify for citizenship.

SIDF Contribution To qualify for citizenship of St Kitts and Nevis under the SIDF option, the Government requires a con-tribution to the St Kitts and Nevis Sugar Industry Diversification Foundation, a public charity. Under this option, there are several alternatives available: 1. Single Applicant: a non-refundable contribution of USD 250,000 is required. 2. Applicant with up to three family members, i.e. one spouse and two dependants irrespective of age: a non-refundable contribution of USD 300,000 is required. 3. Any additional dependent, regardless of age: USD 25,000 In each of these categories, the above amounts include all government fees with exception to due diligence fees. Children aged 30 or under and parents or grandparents aged at least 55 may also be included in the application if they fulfil certain terms.

Required Investment and Fees USD 7,500.00 for due diligence for the main applicant. USD 4,000.00 for due diligence and background check fees for each dependent over 16 years.

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圣基茨和尼维斯

Country Spotlight

国家聚焦

Ü

关于圣基茨和尼维斯

圣基茨和尼维斯位于东加勒比海 背风群岛北部,位置隐秘,历史悠久, 自然风景优美。无论你偏爱钓鱼、水上 运动、打高尔夫和帆船运动还是美餐一 顿,或是在沙滩上休闲放松,任何来到 圣基茨和尼维斯的人都能找到属于自己 的乐趣。 尽管面积不大,但尼维斯的自然环 境都还一直保持着它原始的样子,岛上 的美丽沙滩一望无际。如果你想找一个 淳朴宁静的地方逃离现代生活的熙攘喧 闹,洗涤一下心灵,那尼维斯对你而言 就是个完美的选择。 你可以在这里放纵自己去享受玩 乐,沉迷于钓鱼、潜水或其他的众多水 上游戏。这里还有大量的沉船、洞穴、 潜礁壁和原始珊瑚礁等着你去探索。

Ü 背景

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圣基茨和尼维斯的公民

圣基茨和尼维斯政府制定了一系列 的法律政策用以吸引金融服务业务来岛 上发展。制定于1984年并生效至今的投 资移民项目,允许外国投资者在满足一 定条件的基础下取得公民身份。这是目 前世界上现存的使用时间最长,且是公 认的声誉极好的投资移民项目。投资者 需要要么投资被指定的房地产,要么是 向糖业多元化基金(SIDF)捐赠资金。

调查费以外的所有政府费用。

圣基茨和尼维斯的护照相当被国际 所看重,因为至今只有相对少数的护照 被发放。因此圣基茨和尼维斯的护照在 国际上享有极高的声誉,且享受着非常 高的免签入境待遇,包括欧盟各国、加 拿大、香港、瑞士及其他国家。这使得 圣基茨和尼维斯成为了很多想要通过投 资获取第二国籍的投资者的首选之地。

作为圣基茨和尼维斯公民,你与你 的家庭所持有的护照享受超过120个国家 和地区的入境免签待遇,包括欧盟所有 成员国。当然,你可以在圣基茨和尼维 斯当地自由居住,也可以在大多数的加 勒比共同市场的成员国中自由居住,不 限时间。

圣基茨和尼维斯的移民计划制定于 1984年,要求投资者向本国做一些经济 贡献。作为交换,投资者及其亲属可以 取得本国的公民身份。投资要求是,向 政府指定的房地产项目投资至少40万美 元,还要上交政府费用及其它税费;或 是向糖业多元化基金(SIDF)捐赠资金 25万美元(对个人投资者),已包括除

优势 当你通过圣基茨和尼维斯的移民项 目获得国籍后,你和你的家属都成将为 完全的圣基茨和尼维斯公民,将来的后 代也会继续继承你的圣基茨和尼维斯公 民身份。

在圣基茨和尼维斯不必上缴国外所 得税、资本利得税、赠与税、资产税以 及遗产税,所以这大概会填补你目前的 财富保障和税收筹划策略。 如果你目前作为公民所身处的国家 政治不稳定或正在发生动乱,第二国籍 可以作为保护,为你和你的家人提供一 个安全的避风港。


Citizenship by Investment Summer 2017

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要求与程序

房地产选项 为通过投资移民项目下的房地产投 资来获取公民身份,政府要求投资人向 指定的房地产项目投资至少40万美元。 政府原则上审批通过之后,投资者需向 圣基茨和尼维斯政府上缴以下费用:

尽管面积不大,但 圣基茨和尼维斯的 自然环境都还一直 保持着它原始的样 子。

• 主申请人:50,000.00美元 • 配偶:25,000.00美元 • 每个18周岁以下的主申请人的子 女:25,000.00美元 • 每个配偶除外且满18周岁的主申请 人的合格亲属:50,000.00美元 • 主申请人的子女应在18-30周岁之 间,其父母或祖父母应满55周岁且 与申请人一同生活。 此外,房地产买家应注意这里有一 些购买成本(主要是强制保险基金和转 让费),大约是原商品价格的4-5%。 SIDF捐赠 通过SIDF(糖业多元化基金)选项 来获取公民身份,政府要求申请人向基 金捐赠一笔资金,SIDF是一家公共慈善机 构。在这个选项下分为4个不同类别: 1. 单个申请人:捐赠资金250,000 美元 2. 申请人与最多3位家庭成员,即 配偶与2位18周岁以下的子女:捐赠资金 300,000美元 3. 每附加一位家庭成员,年龄不 计:捐赠资金250,000美元 在每个类别中,都已包含除调查费 以外的所有政府费用。主申请人30周岁 或其以下的子女与其满55周岁的父母或 祖父母,若符合特定条件,也可纳入移 民申请。 投资要求与费用 主申请人的调查费:7,500.00美元 每位16周岁以上家属的背景调查费 和程序费:4,000.00美元。

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Citizenship by Investment Summer 2017

Country Spotlight

Saint Lucia Country Spotlight

è Capital city: Castries

creations. The island hosts a variety of possible activities for its visitors and residents, with world class dining and luxurious spas being just two of the possibilities.

è Population: 185,000

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Quick Facts

è GDP: $2.083 billion è Government: Parliamentary democracy under constitutional monarchy è Governor-General: Pearlette Louisy è Prime Minister: Allen Chastanet è Ethnic groups: 85.3% Black, 10.9% Mixed, 2.2% Indian, 1.6% other

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St Lucia at a glance

Saint Lucia is a small part of paradise located in the Eastern Caribbean Sea. The varied landscape has something to offer all visitors: from the vast expanses of sandy beaches to the awe inspiring Piton mountains, Saint Lucia makes for a sensational setting. Citizenship in Saint Lucia is the opportunity to escape to a tropical life surrounded by nature’s finest

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Geography

Saint Lucia is located on the boundary between the Eastern Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. The island lies northeast of Saint Vincent, northwest of Barbados and to the south of Martinique. The capital city of Saint Lucia is Castries, which houses 60,263 Saint Lucians (32.4% of the population). In total, the island covers a land area of 617 km sq. Saint Lucia is the only country in the world to have been named after a woman. The local climate of the island is tropical. The year typically features a dry season from December until the end of May, and a wet season from June until the end of November. The average daytime temperature is an estimated 29 degrees; as the island is located near to the equator, the temperature does not vary greatly throughout the year. From 1663 until 1979, Saint Lucia was in both French and British control. Between 1667 and 1814, control switched between French and British hands a total of 14 times. Due

Citizenship in Saint Lucia is the opportunity to escape to a tropical life surrounded by nature’s finest creations.


Citizenship by Investment Summer 2017 other qualifying dependants: US$190,000 • Each extra qualifying dependant, of any age: US$25,000

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Real Estate Projects

The Cabinet of Ministers will evaluate proposed real estate projects for the possibility of citizenship. Approved real estate projects can come under two categories: • Luxury branded hotels and resorts • Luxury boutique properties The applicant must enter into a binding purchase and sales agreement for an investment in an approved real estate project. Investments, totalling the agreed purchase price, are deposited in an escrow account managed both by the property developer as well as the Saint Lucia based Citizenship by Investment Unit. • Minimum investment required: US $300,000

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to the development of the sugar industry, Saint Lucia was considered an attractive colony to hold. In 1814, Saint Lucia was firmly under British control until it became an independent state of the Commonwealth of Nations associated with the United Kingdom in 1979. The official language of Saint Lucia is English, however Saint Lucian, Creole and French are considered vernacular languages of the island.

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Politics

Saint Lucia is a two party parliamentary democracy, and a Commonwealth nation. Queen Elizabeth II is the Head of State, and her presence is represented by a Governor-General. The Prime Minister is usually the head of the party that commands a majority in the House of Assembly. There are 17 seats in the House of Assembly, and 11 seats in the second chamber of Parliament, the Senate. As well as being a member of the Commonwealth, Saint Lucia is a member of CARICOM (the Caribbean community) and the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States. It maintains friendly relations with all of the active major powers in the Caribbean - the United States of America, Canada, France and the United Kingdom.

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Background

Saint Lucia Citizenship-by-Investment Program was founded in 2015 under the regulations of the Citizenship by Investment Bill 2015 making it the newest programme to join the other Citizenship by Investment Programs (CIP) in the Caribbean region. The Saint Lucia Citizenship By Investment Program was launched at the Bay Gardens Beach Resort on December 29th, 2015. The program officially began accepting applications on January 1st, 2016.

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Benefits

• Application, including those with dependents, will be processed within 3 months • No residency requirements • Passport allows for visa-free movement to 100+ countries, including UK, Hong Kong, and 28 EU countries within the Schengen Zone • Application process does not include interview or visit to Saint Lucia • Education and managerial experience are not required • Global income is not taxed

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How to qualify

Enterprise Projects

The Cabinet will evaluate enterprise projects to appear on the approved list for the Citizenship by Investment Programme. Approved enterprise projects come under seven categories: • Specialty Restaurants • Cruise ports and marinas • Agro-processing plants • Pharmaceutical products • Ports, bridges, roads and highways • Research institutions and facilities - Offshore universities Once approved the enterprise project becomes available for further investments from other applicants for citizenship by investment. The following minimum investment is required: Option 1 – A sole applicant.

Those wishing to secure a Saint Lucian passport through Citizenship By Investment Program must be at least 18 years of age, have no criminal record, and be in good health. Furthermore, in order to qualify for Citizenship in Saint Lucia, investors must fulfil one of the four following investment options.

• A minimum investment of US$3,500,000

Ü Saint Lucia National Economic Fund

Ü

Saint Lucia National Economic Fund is a fund established to receive investments of cash from the citizenship program that will be used in the funding of government sponsored projects. The Finance Minister must seek approval from Parliament for the allocation of funds for his chosen purposes. Once an application for citizenship through investment in the Saint Lucia National Economic Fund has been approved, an investment as follows is required: • Single applicant: US$100,000 • Applicants in a couple: US$165,000 • Applicant applying with spouse and up to two

Option 2 – More than one applicant (joint venture). • A minimum investment of US$ 6,000,000 with each applicant contributing no less than US$1,000,000

Government bonds

Citizenship by investment may be made through the purchase of non-interest-bearing Government bonds. These bonds must be registered and remain in the name of the applicant for a five (5) year holding period from the date of first issue and not attract a rate of interest. Once an application for citizenship by means of an investment in government bonds has been approved, the following minimum investment is required: • Sole applicant: US$500,000 • Couple (Applicant and spouse): US$535,000 • Applicant applying with spouse and up to two dependants: US$550,000 • Each extra dependant: US$25,000

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Citizenship by Investment Summer 2017

圣卢西亚

Country Spotlight

国家聚焦

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要闻速览

è 首都:卡斯特里 è 人口:185,000

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è 国内生产总值(GDP):20.83亿美元

圣卢西亚位于东加勒比海和大西洋 之间的边界处。该岛位于圣文森特东北 部,巴巴多斯西北部以及马提尼克岛的 南部。圣卢西亚的首都是卡斯特里,人 口数量为60,263(占总人口的32.4%)。 该岛共占地面积617平方公里,是世界上 唯一以女名命名的国家。

è 政府:君主立宪制下的议会民主制 è 总督:Pearlette Louisy è 总理:Allen Chastanet è 族裔群体:黑人85.3%,混血

10.9%,印第安人2.2%,其他1.6%

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圣卢西亚概况一览

圣卢西亚是位于东加勒比海的一个 国家。岛上各种景观都有游客在游览: 从广阔的沙滩到令人鼓舞的派顿山脉, 圣卢西亚的自然环境令人过目难忘。 居住在圣卢西亚的公民被大自然的 得意之作所包围着。该岛为其游客和居

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民举办各种有趣的活动,比如世界一流 的餐饮和豪华的温泉。

地理

岛上是典型的热带气候。每年的典 型特征是从十二月至五月底的旱季,以 及六月至十一月底的雨季。白天平均温 度约为29度;由于岛屿位于赤道附近, 所以全年温度并没有很大的变化。 从1663年到1979年,圣卢西亚都在 法国和英国的控制下。在1667年至1814 年间,法国和英国轮流控制权共计14 次。由于糖业的发展,圣卢西亚被认为 是一个具有吸引力的殖民地。1814年, 圣卢西亚一直在英国控制下,直到1979 年才成为独立国家。圣卢西亚的官方语

居住在圣卢西亚的 公民被大自然的得 意之作所包围着。


Citizenship by Investment Summer 2017

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房地产项目

部长内阁将为外国投资者评估拟议 合格的房地产项目。批准的房地产项目 可以分为两类: • 奢侈品牌酒店和度假村 • 豪华精品酒店

申请人必须签署具有约束力的购买 和销售协议,对批准的房地产项目进行 投资。投资总额为约定的购买价格,存 放在由房地产开发商以及圣卢西亚投资 部门公民管理的托管账户中。 • 最低投资金额:30万美元

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企业项目

内阁将对企业项目进行评估,批准 的企业项目可供外国投资者进行项目挑 选。批准的企业项目分为七类:

言是英文,但圣卢西亚语、克里奥尔语 和法语也被岛上居民所使用。

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政治

圣卢西亚是一个两党议会民主制的 英联邦国家。伊丽莎白二世女王是国家 元首,她的存在由总督代表。总理通常 是议会中多数党的领导人。议会共有17 个议席,参议院有11个议席。 圣卢西亚作为英联邦的成员,也是 加勒比共同体和东加勒比国家组织的成 员。它与活跃在加勒比的所有大国都维 持着友好的关系——美国、加拿大、法 国和英国。

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背景

圣卢西亚投资移民计划成立于2015 年,根据“2015年投资移民法案”规定,该 计划是加勒比地区加入其他投资移民计 划(CIP)的最新项目。 圣卢西亚投资移民计划于2015年 12月29日在海湾花园海滩度假村(Bay GardensBeachResort)推出并于2016年1 月1日起开始正式接受申请。

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优势

• 包括受扶养人在内的申请将在3个月 内处理完毕

• 无居留要求 • 护照允许在包括英国、香港和28个

欧盟国家在内的超过100个国家免 签证入境 • 申请程序不包括面试或访问圣卢 西亚 • 无教育和管理经验方面的要求 • 全球收入不征税

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如何取得资格

希望通过投资计划获得圣卢西亚护 照的申请人必须年满18周岁,无犯罪记 录,身体健康。此外,为了符合圣卢西 亚的公民资格,投资者必须选择以下四 种投资方式之一。

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圣卢西亚国家经济基金

圣卢西亚国家经济基金接受来自投 资移民计划的资金,将用于政府资助项 目的现金投资。财政部长必须在征得议 会的批准之后,才能为他所选定的目的 分配资金。 一旦通过投资圣卢西亚国民经济基 金申请公民身份,需要投资金额如下: • 单一申请人:10万美元 • 配偶:16.5万美元 • 申请人与配偶和最多两名其他合格

• • • • • • •

专业餐厅 邮轮港口和码头 农业加工厂 药品 港口、桥梁、道路和高速公路 研究机构和设施 海外大学

一经批准,企业项目可以通过投资 来获得其他申请人的进一步投资。需要 以下最低投资额: 选项1 – 单一申请人。

• 最低投资额350万美元

选项2 - 多个申请人(合资)。

• 每个申请人最少投资600万美元,捐

款不低于100万美元

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政府债券

申请投资移民可以通过购买无息 政府债券的方式进行。这些债券必须注 册,并以申请人的名义自首次发行之日 起五(5)年的持有时间,且无利率。 一旦通过政府债券投资的方式申请 公民身份,以下是最低投资金额: • 单一申请人:50万美元 • 夫妇(申请人和配偶):535,000

美元

• 申请人与配偶和最多两名受扶养人

一起申请:550,000美元

• 每个额外的家属:25,000美元

家属一起申请:19万美元

• 任何年龄的每个额外的家庭成

员:2.5万美元

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Citizenship by Investment Summer 2017

The Path to EB-5 via the E-2 Non-Immigrant visa for Chinese Nationals?

Country Spotlight

! Mona Shah, Esq.

T

There have been many twists and turns in the convoluted history of EB-5. The long processing and adjudication delays have recently slowed the demand for EB-5 from the P.R. China. Ever resourceful and creative, EB-5 lawyers and migration agents have begun to utilize the E-2 non-immigrant visa, as a faster alternative. An E-2 visa can be adjudicated in under 4 weeks, allow a faster entry into the US and eventually be transferred into an EB-5 petition. However, before applying for an E-2 visa for a Chinese National, there is a major hurdle to overcome, that of citizenship.

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What is an E-2 Visa?

What is an E-2 Visa? An E-2 is a temporary and non-immigrant visa based on a reciprocal commercial treaty between the United States and the individual’s country of nationality. It allows a citizen of an E-2 treaty country to be admitted to the U.S. if he or she is coming “to develop and direct the operations

of an enterprise in which the applicant has invested a substantial amount of capital.” E-2 investors may be accompanied or followed by spouses and unmarried children who are under 21 years of age. Spouses of E-2 workers may also apply for work authorization. To qualify for E-2 classification, the treaty investor must : • Be a national of a country with which the United States maintains a treaty of commerce and navigation (even if his or her birthplace is elsewhere) • Have invested, or be actively in the process of investing, a substantial amount of capital in a bona fide enterprise in the United States • Be seeking to enter the United States solely to develop and direct the investment enterprise. This is established by showing at least 51% ownership of the enterprise or possession of operational control through a managerial position or other corporate device .

Ü Overcoming the issue of Nationality for an Investor from the P.R. China: Nationality is the first requirement for an E-2 visa. A national of a treaty country means that the investor is a citizen of that country. A complete list of treaty countries is located at https://travel.state.gov/content/visas/en/fees/ treaty.html. P.R. China is not an E-2 treaty country. An investor must first obtain citizenship of a treaty country. The obvious choice would be investing into a program of a treaty country which leads to citizenship, where the investment amount is low and the timeline is fast. One such example is the Caribbean country of Grenada. Here, the process of obtaining Grenada Citizenship by Investment usually takes about 3-4 months and to qualify for citizenship, the applicant must invest in approved real estate with a minimum value of US$350,000.

19 FAM 402.9 Treaty Traders, Investors, And Specialty Occupations - E Visas https://fam.state.gov/fam/09FAM/09FAM040209.html

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2https://www.uscis.gov/working-united-states/temporary-workers/e-2-treaty-investors


Citizenship by Investment Summer 2017

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What is the cost involved

for an E-2 visa?

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E-2 to EB-5 Transition

An E-2 visa does not automatically transition

There is no minimum investment amount for

into EB-5. To petition for a permanent

E-2. The law simply states that the investor

green card under EB-5, the investor must

must invest, “a substantial amount of capital” in relation to the business. What this really means

have invested either $500,000 or $1million, depending upon the location of the business, and have created (or be able to create) the

is that the amount invested depends upon the

required 10 full time jobs. What is important is

business or project. One crucial factor for the

that there is no minimum time requirement for

E-2 visa is the substantiality of the investment. $350,000 may be substantial for a small grocery store but definitely not enough for a large manufacturing plant. Additionally, the treaty investor must show

an investor to stay in E-2 status and that the E-2 capital investment may be counted towards the EB-5 requirement. Additionally, the entire investment must meet standard is more extensive than the source of funds requirement for E-2 Visas. Therefore, E-2 investors who want to transition to EB-5

enterprise. A marginal enterprise is an enterprise

in the near future should make sure that the

to generate more than enough income to provide a minimal living for the treaty investor and his or her family. A business that does not have the capacity to generate such income, but that has a present or future capacity to make a significant economic contribution is not a marginal enterprise.

CONTACT: 232 Madison Ave, Suite 1001, New York, NY 10016 T: 212-233-7473 | E : info@mshahlaw.com

the EB-5 source of funds requirement, which

that the investment will not become a marginal that does not have the present or future capacity

Mona Shah & Associates is located in the heart of New York City with a satellite office in London. We offer our clients the experience of a large, premiere firm without sacrificing the personal service and cordiality expected of a small firm. Our lawyers work closely with clients to provide highly personalized supports and legal solutions.

business is suitable for the transition and that the documentation is appropriately drafted.

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Comparison between E-2 and EB-5

E-2 and EB-5 are different visa types. Below, please find a comparison summary of E-2 vs. EB-5. Category

E-2

EB-5

Visa

Visa

Immigrant Visa

Investment amount

No required amount; however, needs to

Minimum investment amount is $500,000 if the

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How long can I remain in

be substantial

the US on an E-2 visa? One of the advantages of an E-2 visa is that there

is operational. Usually the visa is approved

Proof for Source of Funds

Money must come from a legitimate

Money must come from a legitimate source and

source and traced

traced and requirement is more extensive than the source of funds requirement for E-2 Visas

Nationality

Nationality requirement

No nationality requirement

Job Creation

Some (No mandated amount nor a time

10 full-time jobs per investor

in increments of 2 years. One disadvantage, however, is that any dependent child will not be

one million (soon to increase)

is no time limitation. An investor can remain in the US on an E-2 visa for as long as the business

project is located in TEA; Otherwise it is USD

constraint) Management

Must work at the enterprise for which

Daily management or management through policy

the visa is issued

formulation

Intent to depart

Yes

No

Visa Validity

Up to five years but may be lease per

Two-year conditional resident status, then

reciprocity agreements

permanent resident status

Can be processed in about three months

Can be more than 16 months

included after he or she has reached 21.

Processing Time

If an investor wants to be able to enter the US quickly, this is a viable option. The costs are likely to be higher. However, the investor will have 51% of what is hoped would be a viable business. Further, once the minimum investment amount is increased to $800,000, the costs will likely be the same.

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Citizenship by Investment Summer 2017

中国投资人如何利用 E-2 做跳板 过渡到EB-5?

Country Spotlight

! Mona Shah, sq.

综复杂的EB-5发展历程中充满了 太多波折。近来,漫长的审理和裁 决时间大大降低了中国投资人对于EB-5 的热情。向来机智而又富于创造性的 EB-5律师和移民中介,已经开始利用E-2 非移民签证作为一种更快速的移民解决 方案。E-2签证大约在4周之内即可收到 裁决结果,让投资人可以更快地进入美 国,最后再转而申请EB-5投资移民。但 是,中国投资人在申请E-2签证之前,需 要克服一个很大的障碍—转换国籍!

什么是E-2签证? E-2签证是基于美国与申请人国籍 国之间互惠商业条约的临时性非移民签 证。申请人可以入境美国的前提是,他/ 她来美国是为了“发展或领导他/她所 注资的企业管理”。 E-2签证同时适用 于投资人的配偶和21周岁以下的未婚子 女。E-2签证持有人的配偶还可申请美国 工作许可。要申请E-2签证,条约国投资

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人必须满足以下条件: 必须是与美国保持商业与航行条约的国 家的公民(即使他/她的出生地在别国也 没关系) 已经投资,或正在积极投入大量资 金到美国的一个真实企业中 进入美国的目的是为了发展与指导 其注资的公司。投资人需满足的条件是 持有注资公司51%以上的股份或通过其 管理职位对公司有经营管理权。

如何克服中国投资人的国籍问题? 国籍是申请E-2签证的首要要求。条约国国 籍意味着投资人必须是条约国的公民。完 整的条约国名单可以通过以下网址查看:

https://travel.state.gov/content/ visas/en/fees/treaty.html. 中国并非E-2条约国,这就意味着中 国大陆的投资人必须先获得条约国的公民 身份。通过投资一个“投资额更低且办理 速度更快”的条约国(如加勒比国家格林 纳达)移民项目,获得该条约国公民身份 显然是一个好的选择。据悉,通过投资移 民,获得格林纳达公民身份通常只需要3-4 个月时间。为了满足要求,申请人必须购 买由该国家核定的价值不低于35万美元的 房地产。 办理E-2签证的费用是多少? E-2签证没有最低投资标准。法律只简单地 规定投资人必须投入“大量资金”到公司 中。实际上这意味着投资金额取决于公司 或项目。E-2签证的一个关键因素是投资大 量资金。35万美元资金对于一家小的杂货 店来说是相当可观的,但是对于一家大型 制造厂来说却是绝对不够的。另外,条约


Citizenship by Investment Summer 2017

国投资人必须证明他/她投资的企业不会成 为边缘企业。边缘企业是指现在或未来没 有能力产生足够的收入,去维持条约国投 资人及其家庭最低生活标准的企业。尽管 没有能力产生足够收入,但现在或将来有 能力做出重大经济贡献的企业不算作边缘 企业。

持E-2签证可以在美国停留多久? E-2签证的一个优势是没有时间的限制。只 要公司运营良好,投资人就可以E-2身份留 在美国。E-2签证通常是2年一签。但E-2签 证也有一个缺点,那就是年满21周岁的子 女不能申请附属签证。

E-2如何过渡到EB-5? E-2签证不会自动过渡到EB-5。通过EB-5申 请永久绿卡,投资人必须投资50万或100万 美元(这取决于公司所在区域),并创造 (或将会创造)10个全职就业岗位。重要 的是,E-2签证没有最短时间限制,且E-2投 资资金可以计入到EB-5投资内。 此外,所有投资必须满足EB-5的资金来源 要求,这比E-2签证资金来源要求更加严 格。因此,如果E-2投资人想在将来转为 EB-5投资移民,就必须确保公司适合过 渡,并适当起草文件。

E-2与EB-5之间的对比 E-2与EB-5是不同的签证类型。以下表格对两种签证进行了对比:

类别

E-2

EB-5

签证类型

非移民签证

移民签证

投资额

没有具体额度要求;但需要投资大量

Mona (Mehreen) Shah: 出生于英国,是双执照律师, 移居纽约之前在英国皇家检控署从 事工作。 Mona 拥有19年的相关从业经 验,熟悉美国移民法的各个方面。 无论是专业的商业申请还是提起问 题复杂的联邦政府驱逐出境的诉 讼,她凭借个人扎实熟练的专业知 识可以为绝大多数客户排忧解难。 对EB-5法案的高度熟悉精通,使 得她连续3年被选为美国前25名顶 级律师之一。Mona是一名出版作 家,并经常在世界各地的研讨会 上发言,曾受邀主流媒体采访, 并被各大报纸媒体转载。Mona是 美国投资移民协会(IIUSA)公共 政策委员会中的一名成员,还是 纽约市立大学巴鲁克学院(Baruch University)的一名副教授。

目标就业区内(TEA)项目最低投资额50万美 元;非TEA项目最低投资额100万美元

资金 (按企业模式而定) (即将涨价) 资金来源证明

资金来源必须合法且可追踪

Mona Shah & Associates (MSA):

资金来源必须合法且可追踪,相比E-2签 证,EB-5资金来源要求更为严格

国籍

有国籍限定

无国籍限定

就业创造

要求创造一些就业,但没有数量与

每位投资人必须创造10个全职就业岗位

时间的限制 管理

日常管理或通过制定政策管理

日常管理或通过制定政策管理

离开意向

签证有效期

可以无限次延期

2年有条件居民身份,然后可转为永久居民

成立于1997年,总部设于纽约 曼哈顿的MSA,是一家具有先进的 移民实践的法律事务所,还专门从 事于企业和证券交易委员会。凭借 卓越的技能、经验和理解,公司的 经验和曝光度远远超出其他律所, MSA在促成众多EB-5项目上都发挥 了重要作用,并积极协助投资者将 数百万美元的投资资金投入美国, 包括在纽约的重大项目中。

身份

结语: 如果投资人想要快速进入美国,E-2签证是一个可行的方案。虽然这样做的费用可能会 更高,但如果投资公司经营良好,投资人也将享有51%的股份所带来的利润。并且,一旦 EB-5最低投资额上涨至80万美元,那么费用很有可能会是一样的了。

Mona Shah & Associates is located in the heart of New York City with a satellite office in London. We offer our clients the experience of a large, premiere firm without sacrificing the personal service and cordiality expected of a small firm. Our lawyers work closely with clients to provide highly personalized supports and legal solutions. CONTACT: 232 Madison Ave, Suite 1001, New York, NY 10016 T: 212-233-7473 | E : info@mshahlaw.com

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•Industry Leaders 行业领袖 •Renowned attorneys, lecturer and author 著名律师、讲师和作家 •Experienced in US Securities & Corporate law 在美国证券法和公司法方面拥有丰富的经验 •Experienced in US Immigration law 在美国移民法方面拥有丰富的经验

232 Madison Avenue, Suite 1001 New York, NY 10016 Tel: (212) 233-7473 Fax: (212) 233-4877 www.mshahlaw.com


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