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finding the fun

Nakusp takes region


spooky squash history


Vol. 90 Issue 44 • Wednesday, October 30, 2013 • • 250-265-3823 • $1.25 •


The business of mushroom picking: 2013 another bumper year Claire paradis Arrow Lakes News

For some, picking mushrooms is more than a sport, it’s a business. In Nakusp, it’s big business, thanks to the proliferation of Pine mushrooms, also known as white Matsutake or Tricholoma magnivelare. These soughtafter mushrooms fetch better prices in Asia, and buying stations can pop up seasonally just like the mushrooms themselves. Long-time mushroom buyer and picker Jan Dahlen has witnessed bum-

The mighty Pine mushroom, and picker. Courtesy Dan Freeman

per crops to near-nil years and everything in between. She and her husband Dan Freeman have been running Dan and Jan’s Mushroom Station for two decades. This year, the mushroom season started on Sept. 6 and it’s been a busy one. With masses of mushrooms moving through (hundreds to thousands of pounds a day), prices have been low for pickers this fall. Per-pound prices vary with the supply, and during past seasons of relative scarcity Matsutake have fetched $30 a pound. During bountiful seasons like this one, the price drops: this year they started at $10, only to decline to $6 per pound during peak picking. In contrast, nearing the end of the season last fall, prices were $22 a pound. Even more plentiful years have seen the price go as low as $2. It’s not like the old days, Dahlen told the Arrow Lakes News, when prices were really good. She said changing values in the younger generation in Japan could have been behind a mushroom market crash a few years ago, but whatever the reason there has been a noticeable change. So why do people do it? It’s not just about the mushrooms, it’s also about the hunt. “That’s the fun part,” said Dahlen, “the picking. This year the volume’s

there, the excitement, too.” Dahlen, who grew up in the area, has been picking her whole life. She remembers when the first mushroom buyer opened in Nakusp at the dry cleaner’s in town, where the old Overwaitea building across from the Leland stands. The first buyer wasn’t very picky about cleanliness and didn’t grade the mushrooms, just paid the pickers their cash and packed the fungi off to the Coast. Times certainly have changed. Going through a bag of Pines I’d brought in, Dahlen had some expert advice, just in case I wanted to pack in my day job and become a commercial picker. Picking up each mushroom with her nitrilegloved hands, she showed me how to quickly clean the mushrooms, and how to squeeze the stem to check for worms (soft stems are more likely to be wormy). The grade of a Matsutake depends on its veil: number ones have a whole, intact veil; twos have most of it, and the decrease of veil and quality of the mushroom is reflected in lower perpound prices. Some pickers follow the Matsutake as they are busting above the surface of the soil in California, Vancouver Island, all the way up to the Queen Charlottes and, of course, in the Kootenays. Back in the days when she was pick-

Dan and Jan’s garage filled with Matsutake baskets. Courtesy Dan Freeman ing and not buying, Dahlen recalls a transformative trip to Terrace sleeping in a van with her husband and three other commercial mushroom hunters. When she woke up to frost on her blanket, she realized being an itinerant picker was not for her. After picking to sell for years, the couple began to buy direct for another buyer at the coast. It’s the coastal buyers who dictate the prices to regional stations, Dahlen told the Arrow Lakes News, and this year there were only two buying stations in Nakusp that pickers were selling to. When there aren’t literally tons of mushrooms, to fill up a truck, regional buyers will ship together, with Kaslo buyers sometimes sharing cargo space. But not all pickers are visitors, many of them are homegrown – folks who make a little extra money to pay for their

See Mushroom picking page 7

Driver saves garbage truck and self from fire near Summit Lake Claire paradis Arrow Lakes News

A fire caught a garbage truck driver by surprise on Oct. 23 near Summit Lake. The quick thinking man got the conflagration out in time. Courtesy Nakusp RCMP

“ I want to know more about mutual funds.”

A garbage truck dumped its load when it caught on fire near Summit Lake on the morning of Oct. 23. The driver of the truck had been picking up garbage from Castlegar and was en route to Nakusp. While he was compacting the load, he heard a large bang and shortly after saw smoke billowing out of the back of the truck. Compacting the garbage further to try to deprive any fire of oxygen, he stopped to check what was happening. Coming to a halt in a pullout, the driver emptied the smouldering garbage onto the roadside and sprayed it with a fire extinguisher in order to

save the truck from burning. From a nearby landline, he then called the Nakusp RCMP who arrived on scene, as did a Nakusp contractor equipped with a water tanker truck, along with personnel from the Ministries of Highways and Forests. The responders created a sand berm to prevent contamination of the lake, and the Ministry of the Environment was notified by RCMP. After the fire was out, both the sand and the garbage were loaded into a second truck. Luckily, the first truck was undamaged by the blaze. Although out of the Nakusp Volunteer Fire Department service boundary, Fire Chief Terry Warren went to the site as fire commissioner and as a citizen concerned about the health of

the lake. “He must have gotten a hot load somewhere along the way,” said Warren, who has never seen a garbage truck with a load on fire, although he has seen it with chip trucks. Burning garbage is not common, Communications Manager Robin Freedman told the Arrow Lakes News. This has been the second fire in ten years for Waste Management of Canada, according to her. Either people may have put materials in that can combust, or fire ash, which can set a load on fire. In this case, the driver followed procedure quickly and conscientiously, said the company rep, and the fire was extinguished quickly and safely.

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Every October, grocery stores fill up with large orange squashes sold almost exclusively as decoration as opposed to food. Families and merchants then decorate and carve these vegetables up into scary and funny faces, getting more and more elaborate year after year. I set out to find out the origin of this tradition, thinking it must have something to do with an old pagan or Wiccan ritual since Hallowe’en, All Saints Day and Samhain are where we get many end-of-October traditions. We carve pumpkins into Jack O’Lanterns today thanks to an old Irish folk story.  There was once a cheap chap named Stingy Jack. He was so miserly that he didn’t even want to buy his own drinks.  Legend has it that he invited the Devil to knock one back with him and then somehow convinced the demon to turn himself into a coin to pay for the beverages.  In keeping with his true nature, Jack opted to then pocket the money  instead of paying, along with a silver cross which prevented Lucifer from returning to his original form. He eventually  let  the Devil change back on the proviso that he leave Jack alone for the rest of his natural life and not take him into Hell once his time was up. Soon thereafter, Jack died. Surprise surprise – he was not admitted into Heaven since his life had not been lived in goodness or piety.  The Devil was still bitter about the tricks Jack played so there was to be no admittance into hell either.  Strangely, though the Devil kept his word yet again (pretty honest depiction of the Devil if you ask me, keeping his word over and over) and didn’t admit Jack into the burning ever-after either. He was kind enough to give Jack a piece of coal, which was placed into a carved-out turnip and he set out to roam the


After carving up a pumpkin (or turnip), you can either feed your dog or your compost. Courtesy Meg Johnston countryside for eternity with his lantern. Stingy Jack is still wandering the earth by lamplight but his name has now evolved to Jack O’Lantern. For dozens of generations in the UK and Ireland, scary faces were carved into turnips, pumpkins, and beets but switch to modern day, and the original turnip has evolved to a pumpkin placed on doorsteps and in windows all over the western world. Pumpkins are native to North America, which is probably why Irish Stingy Jack had to use a turnip.  They are hollow inside, making the carving much a quicker process.  They have grown in North America for more than 5,000 years, and are related to cucumber, zucchini, watermelon, cantaloupe and all other squashes. It always gives me a pang when I see one being carved up and/or vandalized, knowing that it is actually a food with nutritional value which will never



be consumed. Maybe this year you will consider composting it (without seeds), feeding it to the worms or squirrels, or if it’s pretty fresh you can give it to your dog; raw or cooked. It is great for their digestion. Something that began as folklore presumably to teach children to be honest and not to make deals with the devil in Ireland has become immortalized for generations to come as one of the biggest parts of the Hallowe’en tradition. Trisha Shanks writes about nutrition, recipes and her personal experience with seasonal fruit and vegetables.  She is the Big Cheese at Nakusp Vegibox, a new Local, Organic and Pesticide-free variety box service. This is a seasonal cornucopia of local fare available for pick-up or delivery during the growing season and year-round.   Call 250-265-8605 or email for more information. Also visit her facebook page: Nakusp Vegibox

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Fees coming to Box Lake campground Claire paradis Arrow Lakes News

Fees are coming to formerly free campsites near Nakusp. Claire Paradis/Arrow Lakes News

Visitors to the Box Lake Campground next year will be paying $12 a night for the privilege of staying at the picturesque site. The fees come in response to mounting complaints: abandoned campfires, debris, stolen signs, damaged – and stolen – picnic tables, and semi-permanent settlements. Recreation Officer Justin Dexter said it had become too much to handle the heavily-used and sometimes abused recreation site under his maintenance contract. As recreation officer for the Kootenay-Boundary area, Dexter is responsible for maintenance of 300 sites from Big White to Cranbrook, and when dealing with the

damage at Box Lake became onerous, another solution needed to be found. At last, the option to pay someone to look after the site locally and collect fees was put into place. “The purpose of having someone there is to have eyes and ears out there,” said Dexter, “to enhance the public’s experience.” The recreation officer said visitors should find the site cleaner, and with the extra help, looking at expansion could become possible in the future. And at $12 a night, camping at Box Lake is still one of the cheapest outdoor stays around, in a lovely spot. “It’s a beautiful spot,” said Dexter, “I’ll take my family there for $12 a night.” Sites at Richy and Steven’s Creek at Whatshan will also have fees in 2013.

Burton water quality improved: RDCK Claire paradis Arrow Lakes News

According to the Regional District of Central Kootenay, results from recent sampling show that Burton no longer requires a boil water notice. The community has now been issued

a lower-level water quality advisory. The RDCK recommends that children, the elderly and people with weakened immune systems or anyone else seeking additional protection continue to drink boiled water or a safe alternative until further notice.

On Sept. 27, a water sample from the Burton water system showed a reoccurrence of total coliforms, which were believed to be a result of stale water in the system. The RDCK has since flushed the system, emptied the reservoir and added temporary residual disinfection.

Over the next several weeks, upgrades to the system are planned that will improve the water quality. Once the upgrades are complete, it’s anticipated that the current water quality advisory will be lifted. -with files from RDCK

New regional bus routes attract more riders Black Press More people are hopping on board the bus following the launch of expanded West Kootenay routes three months ago. Since July, passengers have hitched a ride on the West Kootenay Transit Committee’s integrated regional system that created three zones, including the Columbia zone, which melds Castlegar, Trail, Fruitvale and Rossland, Slocan zone (Playmor Junction up to Slocan City), and the Kootenay zone, which includes Nelson, with an allzone or regional pass. “The Columbia zone ridership is up 19,000 trips this September compared to last,” said Meribeth Burton, BC Transit spokesperson. “It is sizable jump and good or better than we anticipated.” The goal of the committee was to develop a transit system for the area, where someone can board the bus in Trail and travel straight through to Castlegar, the Slocan Valley, Nakusp or Nelson and all points in between. “Combined route travels from Trail to Selkirk College grew from 3,768 trips to 4,575 this year,” said Burton. “In general it appears that we have a good foundation for an integrated system and will continue to build on that.” Ridership increases in the Kootenay zone, specifically the Number 99 route from Castlegar to Nelson and the Number 11 route that connects Balfour to Nelson, both saw an 11 per cent revenue jump. In response, BC Transit is currently reviewing the need to add extra trips to those routes, as well as increasing boarding opportunities in the Slocan zone. “We’ve been hearing for years these are the pattern that people were looking for,” said Burton. “It’s exciting that more people are

making those connections whether it is for school or work and the transition between.” Although the WK Transit system requires a few tweaks according to rider feedback, the strong ridership in the corridors is encouraging, said Burton. “It is early days but I think the system will continue to grow as more people become aware of it.” Prior to the change, people had to purchase two top ups, paying as much as $5.50 to travel across the multiple service areas and consult several different rider guides to figure out how to get there. The integrated service introduced the all-zone fare of $3.50 along with a cohesive guide and a four-month semester pass available to any student within the region for $125. The future of public transit across British Columbia is under provincial review and a key strategy in the government’s climate action agenda. When people chose public transportation over using a vehicle for travel, transit services provide a range of benefits, from reduced road congestion to lower greenhouse gas emission, cites the agenda. The Ministry of Transportation and Infrastructure released a provincial transit plan in 2008, aimed at substantially expanding public transit province-wide by the end of 2020. A recent audit of that plan revealed that it is falling short of its 2020 goal, and in response has launched a webbased resource called “Shaping Transit’s Future in British Columbia,” aimed to raise public awareness about the transit system and the challenges it faces. The website contains information about policy, governance and funding

recommendations for BC Transit and local governments to consider as they work to increase ridership and develop a sustainable transportation system. “Public transit is a complex subject with multiple stakeholders,” said Auditor General Russ Jones. “This website will help de-mystify and unite a variety of sources of information.” BC Transit is responsible for transit across the province, operating 81 systems that serve 130 communities, in partnership with 58 local governments.

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Wednesday, November 6th at 7:30pm Doors open at 7:00pm

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Tickets available at Bon Marche/Dollar Store

Fundraiser for Jennifer Scott There will be a fundraiser held for Jennifer Scott, a young local girl who has recently been diagnosed with cancer. The event will be held at the Leland Hotel on November 16, 2013. There will be a number of local musicians & bands performing, along with a Silent auction with donations from local residents and businesses including a logging truck load of firewood. Jan and Pat Dion will be shaving their heads in support of Jennifer & are looking for Sponsors. We are accepting donations for the silent auction as well as cash donations. There are also donation jars around town & they are collecting bottles at the liquor store as well. Please call 250 265 4685 or 250 265 4165 if you have something you would like to donate for the auction , or if you are a musician who would like a chance to perform at the event. Donations can also be dropped off at the liquor store with Debbie Godtmark.

See everyone there!

4 n Arrow Lakes News n Wednesday, October 30, 2013

Scrap CRT and start again Editor, The concept of building these dams to create benefits in another country at a tremendous cost to the B.C. government and having all the negative impacts and ecological damage is extraordinary in the history of Canada. There was never any good reason to enter into this Treaty arrangement with the Americans in the first place. There is even less reason to keep it around today when Hydro needs to maximize the generating potential of


our rivers to meet its domestic loads. The 50 per cent Canadian entitlement formula simply doesn’t fit with modern needs of either the U.S. or Canada. The Columbia River Treaty is arguably the darkest period in the history of B.C. We need to close the book on it and start a new chapter where B.C. resources will be used for the 100 per cent benefit of Canadians. Ed McGinnis Fauquier, B.C.

T-minus 30 years and counting

Wake up to the wasteland we’re creating robert harrington Local author Bob Harrington delivered a talk about the impending demise of the Earth, if we don’t change. Claire Paradis/Arrow Lakes News Claire paradis Arrow Lakes News

Local author Bob Harrington gave a talk on the declining state of the world at the Nakusp Public Library on Thursday, Oct. 24. He said scientists had given us 30 years to continue living the way that we are, but he wasn’t as optimistic himself. What needed to change was more than just cleaning up the air, but a deep change in how we viewed ourselves and the planet. Rather than seeing ourselves as somehow separate, Harrington emphasized that we are all “earthlings” that come from the Earth. Turning around the system of existence that we have come to rely on is hazardous not only to our health but that of the planet that we are part of. Harrington took aim at the contemporary worship of the bottom line, saying that a corporation is a form of

a disease because it values profit over survival. Being buried in money is still being buried, after all. Rampant deforestation and the burning of fuels are the twin horns of a dilemma that are ramming us into extinction, said the author, who has planted future forests of trees with his wife Linda in efforts to restore some local cuts. The pair have a piece of property out in Galena that they bought after they saw it post-cut. “Can we afford it, I asked Linda,” Harrington told the audience, “and she said ‘can we afford not to?’’’ Education is the key to transforming our world, he said, and it starts with teaching young people the foundations of an ethical life: philosophy. Technology is a distraction that leads us away from the world, and philosophy is what can lead us back to being in the world and teach us to be earthlings once again.

Since 1923

Arrow Lakes News Street Address: 106 Broadway St., P.O. Box 189, Nakusp, B.C. V0G 1R0 Phone: 250-265-3823 Fax: 250-265-3841

PUBLISHED EvERY Wednesday 100% B.C. owned and operated by Black Press. All material contained in this publication is protected by copyright. Reproduction is expressly prohibited by the rights holder.

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The Arrow Lakes News is a member of the British Columbia Press Council, a self-regulatory body governing the province’s newspaper industry. The council considers complaints from the public about the conduct of member newspapers. Directors oversee the mediation of complaints, with input from both the newspaper and the complaint holder. If talking with the editor or publisher does not resolve your complaint about coverage or story treatment, you may contact the B.C. Press Council. Your written concern, with documentation, should be sent to B.C. Press Council, 201 Selby St., Nanaimo, B.C. V9R 2R2. For information, phone 888-687-2213 or go to

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It’s Your World

We are rapidly moving toward creation of a global wasteland. Whether or not the conditions we have created are already irreversible is open to question. We have heard much of late about the idea of sustainability. If we mean to maintain sustainability at our present level of affluence and physical comfort, then we must be certain that we do not add to the burden of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, or cause further concentrations of toxins in the oceans, or greater increases in parts per million of pesticides in living organisms. To the World Commission on Environment and Development, sustainable development meant that the needs of the present generation must be met without compromising the needs of future generations. It suggested that the limitations involved are set by the ability of the biosphere to absorb the effects caused by human technology and social organization, and stated that “the very survival of the planet” hinged on our ability to do this. We are unfortunately very experienced at making superficial “cosmetic” changes and exaggerating their significance. However it seems dubious that the engineers of the spectacularly unsustainable society we have created have the capability of creating a sustainable one. Old habits die hard, and leopards rarely change their spots. But that shouldn’t be surprising. We are so well adjusted to the creed of superabundance that it seems positive heresy to even entertain the idea of relative frugality. It could be argued that a near revolution would be necessary to produce the formidable changes

that we really have to make. We have been quite successful at evading the thought that we have to behave more responsibly toward the earth and if we continue to delude ourselves, things will be dismally grim. So, revolution it must be; but the kind of revolution needed is something we have never tackled before – a revolution of character. Historians Will and Ariel Durant observed that violent revolutions, the kind with which we are most familiar, do less to redistribute wealth than to destroy it. They also noted that eventually a new minority with the same instincts as the old group of predators will rise to the forefront and monopolize wealth. As they wrote, “The only real revolution is in the enlightenment of the mind and the improvement of character, the only real emancipation is individual, and the only real revolutionists are philosophers and saints.” If we believe that a major change of thought and attitude is a small price to pay for the continued existence of our species, then we need to develop goals and purposes that transcend the present acquisitiveness and ambition which now motivate society. What is more, this new form of thought has to penetrate all levels of society, including that level currently controlling the media which so easily influences our values. According to philosopher Lewis Mumford, “The wars of our time have only brought out a destructiveness and a denial of life that were latent in this society; they were in a sense the negative alternatives to a general renewal that no ruling class was self-denying enough to sanction.” As the Rienows suggest in their book Moment in the Sun, the only thing that can bring us

into equilibrium with our environment and prolong the life of our species, is the “acceptance of a totally new code of values.” Locked into the view that “progress” is measurable, our central focus of profit and material gain has left behind matters of humanity and ethics. We have come to look upon the magnificent and vital earth as a mere storehouse of resources which exist for the sole purpose of gratifying human whims, whether meaningful or meaningless. Mark Twain was probably right when he quipped: “Man is the only animal that blushes or needs to!” If our culture is to turn successfully towards a sustainable lifestyle, it will only do so because of a revitalization of long-suppressed metaphysical ideas. People will have to recognize that there is a crisis, ponder its meaning, and arrive at the conclusion that the problems manifested are those of our own creation, problems which result from a grossly exaggerated conviction regarding the extent to which we can manipulate nature. We must begin to recognize the sanctity of all life. To attain sustainability we must rethink our aims, aspirations, and actions, and develop values that lie within the bounds of a healthy dynamic environment. So it is indeed a form of revolution in character that we need. We have focused for too long on the difference between ourselves and other living things while ignoring the similarities. We feel we must rule the cosmos and use it as our warehouse before we have even learned to dispose of our own wastes, to bring peace to our planet, or to govern ourselves. Only when we become individually complete and responsible can we expect responsible government and accountable industry.

The Arrow Lakes News is published by Black Press. Mailing address: P.O. Box 189, Nakusp, B.C. V0G 1R0. Street address: 106 Broadway St., Nakusp. Publisher: Mavis Cann


Arrow Lakes News n Wednesday, October 30, 2013 n 5

An evening of art that will deepen peace Claire paradis

raiser for Toru Fujibayashi’s Deepening Peace, the piece of public art now gracing the waterfront’s walkway. Deepen your own peace with the help of wine, art and music on November 2. Tickets are on sale now at Prima Materia, Jennifer’s Chocolates, Bon Marche/Dollar Store.

Arrow Lakes News

An Evening of Art is coming to the Nakusp Legion on Saturday, Nov. 2. The evening will offer not only local art and an audio-visual show, but will feature wine and chocolate tastings. Live music, food, and a wine bar will fuel the fun, a fund-

Foster public art with a night of wine, music and chocolate on Nov. 2. Courtesy Cecilie Letting

Bergmann Duo bring duelling pianos

PUBLIC NOTICE ROYAL CANADIAN LEGION POPPY FUNDS We would like the public to know some vital information associated with the poppy funds being collected at this time. Poppy funds are public funds, held in trust by the Legion, kept in a separate trust account, until spent in the following ways. First and foremost, the Poppy funds provide financial assistance to needy Canadian ex- service personnel, and their dependants. Poppy funds may be used for bursaries to children and grandchildren of ex-service personnel. These funds may also be used for the following with prior approval of the Provincial Command office: • • • • • • • • •

community medical appliances drop-in centres for the elderly, meals on wheels, transportation and related services for veterans, their dependants and the aged donations for relief of disaster declared by the government under certain conditions, housing for ex-service personnel and dependants within limits, assistance to ex-service personnel and dependants of commonwealth countries residing outside Canada (BCEL) the costs of operating the Poppy campaign, including the purchase of poppies, wreaths, promotional aids, advertising expenses and postage.

Poppy Chairperson 2013 - Cheryl Truax

Royal Canadian Legion Br. #20 Nakusp

The Bergmann duo bring all hands on deck for their four-handed duos that promise to thrill. Courtesy Bergmann Duo Contributed by Marilyn Massey, ALAC

Four hands, two pianos, and a night of invigorating inspiration are coming to the Bonnington. The Bergmann Duo’s dynamic and energetic performances of uniquely eclectic programs has inspired audiences for more than two decades. Their recitals and concerts with orchestras have taken them all over the world, including the United States, Italy, Germany, Holland, Greece and Canada. They have garnered many awards such as first prize at the International Chamber Music

Competition in Caltanissetta, Italy, and at the fourth Murray Dranoff International Two Piano Competition, and have appeared at international festivals. The duo’s CD productions include recordings for the Arktos, Koch International, Brilliant Classics and Naxos labels. Their extensive repertoire ranges from the baroque to the contemporary and incorporates numerous arrangements and compositions of their own. Eliozabeth and Marcel Bergmann became a piano duo while studying with Arie Vardi at the

Hochschule fur Musik and Theatre in Hanover and later with Jean-Eudes Vaillancourt at the Universite de Montreal. On Wednesday, Nov. 6, the Arrow Lakes Arts Council is presenting Bergmann Duo in the Bonnington Arts Centre. This is the third concert in our Concert Series for this season, and will start at 7:30 p.m., with doors open at 7:00 p.m. Tickets will be available at the Bon March/Dollar Store until Wednesday afternoon, then at the door. This concert is being generously hosted by Selkirk Inn.

Online voting no quick fix for turnout Tom Fletcher Black Press

B.C. isn’t ready to consider a wholesale shift to Internet-based voting in either local or provincial elections, according to a new report from Elections B.C. Chief Electoral Officer Keith Archer released the report Wednesday, warning that even if a host of technical and security issues can be resolved, there is no consistent evidence that voter turnout would be increased. Archer asked the B.C. government in 2011 for authority to conduct pilot projects for electronic voting. The government appointed him to chair an expert panel last year, and its preliminary findings are not encouraging. While there are likely benefits

for voters with disabilities or in remote locations, the report concludes that governments should not expect either lower costs or greater participation from voter access via computers and mobile devices. Despite the widespread use of new technology by young people, a survey of other results showed middle-aged and older people more likely to use online voting. The committee recommends that online voting be considered first as an option for people with access restrictions, such as those who vote by mail. It says universal voting should only be attempted on a province-wide basis for consistency, security and ability to audit results. No provincial or federal voting has been conducted online in Canada, but municipalities

including Halifax and Markham, Ontario have tried it, as well as some U.S. and European jurisdictions. Archer said online voting has unique challenges, such as the need to verify a person’s identity and then keep that separate from their voting choice. Another issue is how to verify security of a range of computers, tablets and mobile phones that could be subject to software tampering. “It’s not like banking online, it’s not like dating online, it’s not like making a purchase online,” he said. The panel has posted its preliminary report at and is seeking public comments until Dec. 4. It plans to make recommendations to the government on the next steps in February.


HOT SPRINGS OPERATOR CASUAL GENERAL OUTLINE – Hours of work will vary depending on scheduling and will require evening and weekend shifts. Duties are specific to the operation and maintenance of the Hot Springs Facility. MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS – Include grade 12, RFABC Pool Operator Level 1, first aid, chlorine handling, and WHIMIS. A detailed description and list of minimum requirements is available from the Village. RATE OF PAY - As per the Collective Agreement, rate of pay will be $19.33 hour. Applicants are requested to submit resumes with copies of all certifications to the Village of Nakusp Box 280, V0G 1R0 or drop off in person at 91-1st Street NW Nakusp BC. The Village thanks all who apply however only candidates selected for interviews will be contacted. This posting will remain open until the position is filled. Village of Nakusp – October 21, 2013

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6 n Arrow Lakes News n Wednesday, October 30, 2013


Finding the fun in fungi: mushroom hunting for pleasure

Chanterelles can be picked for fun or profit, or just for their delicious taste. Claire Paradis/Arrow Lakes News Claire paradis Arrow Lakes News

“Mushroom hunting They don’t run away But everyone’s in such a hurry!” -Anonymous, Japanese What is worth getting lost and maybe dying for? If you’ve been watching the news, you’d be tempted to think that the allure of mushrooms was so magnetic that it could lead to death on the side of a mountain. And for serious devotees, it seems worth the risk (although the risks can be minimized with some planning) year after year. Mushroom hunting is dangerous, and not because of guns, or bows. Well, it could be dangerous because of that too: animal and mushroom hunting seasons and territories can and do overlap. A word to the wise: mushrooms don’t run away, and aren’t scared off by bright colours, so get yourself an attention-getting fluorescent orange toque, coat or vest to let hunters know where you are. Bright clothing does double duty if you do get lost. Losing yourself in the woods is easier than you might think: one moment you think you know where you are, the

next you don’t: every undulating acre of moss-covered fallen trees and ground can suddenly look the same. That’s all it takes. In a world of compasses, GPS, telephones, walkie talkies, internet and other human beings, there are many ways to make sure that if you do get lost, you don’t get lost for the rest of your life, however long that may be out in the woods. There is some danger in your woods, cherie, if you indiscriminately taste strange mushrooms, or maul them with fingers that then feed trail mix to your uneducated mouth. Yes, unidentified mushrooms aren’t something you want to experiment with, as appealing as they may seem. Mycetism, mushroom poisoning, can result in an upset stomach, organ failure or death, although fans say the case for poisoning is often overstated and reinforced by a culturally-supported fear of fungi. But it always pays to be sure. The question is how. There are several characteristics that can be used to identify mushrooms: colour, shape, smell, where and when they grows, how they bruise, stickiness, etc. Mushroom spores are another charac-

teristic used to positively identify a mushroom, and serious pickers make spore prints on black and white paper to see what colour the spores are. Spore prints can be quite pretty, and mycophiles have been known to identify themselves as mushroom devotees by printing on clothing. But if you’re going to pick mushrooms to eat, nothing beats having an expert show you the ropes. Get someone to take you, and if you’re lucky they’ll show you a good patch to start picking (even experienced pickers have been victims of mycetism, but usually due to inattention). Taking a class with an expert can be a good start, but nothing beats on-the-ground experiential education with a trusted teacher and a good guidebook. Don’t eat anything until its identity has been confirmed by a trustworthy source. Mushrooms have been popping up all over the place throughout history, and continue to contemporarily too. There are websites, magazines, lectures, tours, societies, that curate and discuss mushrooms in art, culture, science, and even the mind. There are cases of fungi mind control: Cordyceps has been caught in action as it invades an

A nest of Pine mushrooms. Claire Paradis/Arrow Lakes News ant’s body and controls its behaviour, impelling it to climb before the ant dies, having become a vehicle for the fungi’s fruiting body to disperse its spores from on high. The zombie death march of the fungally infested ant begs the ques-

EOI-2013-27 Request for Expression of Interest to Lease the Former Firehall Located at 90- 5th Avenue NW, Nakusp, BC The Village of Nakusp is seeking Expression of Interest submissions from individuals or organizations interested in leasing the former Firehall Building/Property located at 90-5th Avenue NW, Nakusp, BC. The former Firehall has been vacant since the relocation of the Fire department to the Emergency Services Building. Interested individuals or organizations are encouraged to submit a proposal for the rehabilitation and use of the building. Expression of Interest submissions must be sufficiently detailed to allow for confirmation of the financial viability of the proposed proposal. More detailed information for this call for Expressions of Interest can be viewed and downloaded from the Village of Nakusp Website or viewed at the Village Office located at 91-1st Street NW, Nakusp BC, between 8:30 AM and 4:30 PM Monday to Friday excluding Statutory Holidays. For further information please contact Robert Richards, CFO at 250-265-3689. The Village of Nakusp reserves the right, without being liable for any damages or obligations, to reject any or all of the Expressions of Interest applications without assigning any reason.

tion “who is hunting who?” Maybe humans aren’t the only predators in the mushroom hunting game. Some people, notably Terrence McKenna in his book Food of the Gods, have suggested that psychoactive Psilocybe cubensis was responsible for the transformation of Homo erectus into Homo sapiens. So what are mushrooms any-

fungal kingdom. (Slime moulds are very cool creatures. When food sources are in short supply, the single-celled creatures get together and can move as a single body, and form fruiting bodies to scatter spores. They don’t need Kingdom Fungi, they’re adaptable like that.) The appeal of mushroom hunting isn’t hard to understand for

The distintive Lobster mushroom isn’t really a mushroom, it’s a fungi that lives on mushrooms. Claire Paradis/Arrow Lakes News way? Mushrooms, highly prized and otherwise, are the “fruiting bodies” of fungi, the lifecycle segment where spores are spread from the underside of the mushroom via gills, pores, ridges or teeth. Interestingly, fungi – including yeasts and moulds as well as mushrooms – have their own kingdom distinct from plants and animals, because they are saprophytes, meaning they eat by secreting enzymes on dead or decayed matter, then absorb it into their bodies. In that way, they are like the digestive system of the forest. Neat, right? Fungi are also different from plants in that their cell walls contain chitin, not cellulose. Not only is chitin the main component of fungal cell walls, it’s found in the exoskeletons of insects and lobsters. It’s also the same molecule found in some feathers and butterfly wings that can mimic different colours. So saith Wikipedia. Even in the fungal world, there are those who are considered “true” fungi and others, like the very interesting slime and water moulds, which have been exiled from the

those who love it. Not only does it get you out into the great big outdoors, it allows grown ups to wander the woods and fields in a natural easter egg hunt. And if you love the taste of Chantarelles, Pines, or Shaggy Manes, the find is much more rewarding. (How many hard boiled eggs can one person eat anyway? Or foil-wrapped chocolaty sugar bombs for that matter?) Identification is extremely überimportant, but before you figure out what’s out there, you have to see it, which is trickier than you think. The mushrooms may not be running away, but it takes time to learn how to spot them in their natural habitat, to develop fung-eyes that can spot the hump of a Pine at 50 paces. The real danger of hunting mushrooms is getting hooked on the high of tracking down the buried beauties. It can drive a nine-to-fiver to distraction. It can drive you out into the woods at hours at a stretch. Not such a bad thing, as long as you tell someone where you’re going, take a compass, a guide book, a friend, some food, matches and some good sense. Have fun!

Royal Canadian Legion Br. #20 Nakusp _________________________________

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Don’t forget Darts Night: Thursdays at 7:00pm Friday night is “Games” night! Bring your own from home!

LA/Vet Honor Night Dinner November 9th@6:30PM All Veterans & Ladies Auxiliary are FREE! Did you know that you can purchase all your lottery tickets in the Legion? Includes 649, BC49, Lotto Max etc! Our lounge opens at: 3 p.m. on Wednesday, Thursday & Friday. 2 p.m. on Saturday & Sunday

All Members and Guests welcome!


Arrow Lakes News n Wednesday, October 30, 2013 n 7

A closer look at Kootenay Lake’s rock paintings With the provincial archaeologist’s blessing, Baravelle revisited ten sites recorded by Corner and Harlan I. Smith of the Canadian Museum of Civilization and discovered 14 new ones. He also learned that a few had been destroyed. Corner suggested most surviving pictographs in B.C. were painted 200 to 300 years ago, based on lichen growth and weathering, and that the most recent ones on Kootenay Lake dated to the 1860s. While Baravelle agreed the oldest in the region dated back no more than 300 years, he believed two sets were Pictographs on Kootenay Lake were vandalized this summer. painted as late as the 1890s. Courtesy Alistair Fraser While none of the above litering this one. ature tried to interpret DiQh-2, in greg nesteroff Provincial archaeologist Al general Mackie says pictographs Black Press Mackie said he couldn’t share inven- had many functions, from depicting Vandalism to pictographs oppo- tory records out of concern for pro- well-known stories to serving as tersite Nelson this summer was a sober- tecting other sites from vandalism ritorial markers to playing a role in ing reminder of how vulnerable such and unauthorized digging and col- puberty rituals. Mackie says the colour comes sites are, even if they’re robust in lecting — a concern reflected in proother ways. The red ochre images in visions of both the Heritage Conser- from naturally-occuring ferrous question survived for possibly hun- vation and Freedom of Information oxide mixed with various binding dreds of years before someone came acts — but the record on this partic- agents. “It’s common to have fish eggs in the mix and possibly somealong and splattered them with a ular rock image is slim. paintball gun. As provincial authorTheir data indicate the site was thing like bear grease or fish oil,” ities and First Nations decide what first recorded by John Corner, he said. “The pigment is very duraaction to take, we examine what’s author of Pictographs (Indian Rock ble because it’s essentially rust. The known about Kootenay Lake’s Paintings) in the Interior of Brit- binding agents lock up pretty tight.” ancient aboriginal artwork. It’s similar, he added, to the isinish Columbia (1968). Although his book included several Koote- glass extracted from fish eggs by Archaeological nay Lake pictographs, this wasn’t European master painters 300 to 500 Record one of them. Nor was it mentioned years ago. “They might also use egg The desecrated pictograph, on a in Exploring BC’s Pictographs: whites. When it cures, it’s very long cliff face accessible only by boat, is A Guide to Native Rock Art in the lasting.” That nearly all pictographs on the one of about two dozen such rock British Columbia Interior, by Simon shores of interior lakes are above paintings known around the lake. Nankivell and David Wyse (2003). However, during a pictograph high water marks was no accident, They are found on both the east and west shores of the north and south inventory of Kootenay Lake by Corner wrote: “This fact is strikarms, but only two sites have been Richard Baravelle between 1977 ingly evident on Kootenay Lake recorded on the West Arm, includ- and 1979, it was designated DiQh-2. where all panels except three are 20

to 25 feet above low water and easily seen from the lake … The conclusion is that the painters realized that paintings vulnerable to wear and erosion of high water would soon disappear.” Mackie doubts that river and lake levels were significantly higher in the past. So how did the artists reach their rock canvasses? By scaling the cliffs or building scaffolding, he suggests. Since the vandalism came to light last month, Mackie has been investigating restoration options, researching the materials that go into paintball paint and trying to understand how it might interact with the rock art. “The problem is the chemistry needed to remove the paint is sometimes very different than the chemistry involved in making rock art in the first place. It might not be difficult to separate the paint from the rock with modern chemicals. I just don’t know if that’s the case here.” If the paint is water soluble, it may be best to let rain take care of it, Mackie said, adding that the decision-making will also be influenced by the fact the spot is difficult to reach.

Anonymous Artist Both the Ktunaxa and Sinixt First Nations are known to have created pictographs. The Sinixt’s traditional territory includes the Arrow Lakes, Slocan Lake, and Christina Lake, while Ktunaxa territory comprised the East Kootenay — but the two overlapped on Kootenay Lake. So how can we tell who was responsible for

the pictograph in question? Baravelle cited certain characteristics he believed were more likely to belong to either the Ktunaxa or the Sinixt, and suggested both painted pictographs on Kootenay Lake, but didn’t speculate about the ones on the West Arm. However, local Sinixt say their ancestors were responsible for them — and all other pictographs in West Kootenay. “Right where the Nelson transfer station is located and all along the waterfront by Cottonwood Creek was a seasonal Sinixt village site. That’s why the pictographs are across from the Nelson area,” said Dennis Zarelli, communications and media liaison for the Sinixt. “Kaslo was also a seasonal village site and that is why there are pictographs across from there too. The same goes for Slocan and Christina Lake.” The Ktunaxa don’t claim authorship of the pictographs, but don’t deny it either — they simply don’t discuss it publicly, according to Melanie Sam, director of traditional knowledge and language for the Ktunaxa Nation Council. “It’s just not something we would divulge,” she said. Sam, based in Cranbrook, said she was aware of the recent damage to the pictograph but has not seen it herself. Regardless, she expressed her “complete outrage, shock, and disbelief that something like this could happen. It’s very devastating.” Sam added that she isn’t aware of any other cases of this

See Pictographs page 11

Mushroom season bring big bucks into region Musrooms from page 1 kids’ ski pass, Christmas presents or dorm fees, Dahlen said. Many pickers are loggers during the week, which might strike some people as odd because the interests of pickers are often portrayed as being in conflict with loggers. It can be a real tension, because many mushroom spots have been logged over the years. Dahlen is one of the mushroom-minded who has been working with Nakusp community forest company NAC-

FOR for years trying to preserve mushroom territories and help picking and logging coexist. The amount of mushroom money that moves through the area isn’t trivial. The buyer gave a rough estimate of nearly half a million dollars worth of mushrooms would likely be bought in Nakusp and Kaslo this year. That’s a lot of money going mostly into local households. Visitors looking for mushrooms come carrying their wallets, too, dropping more coin into the local economy via hot springs,

gas, food and lodging. Mycophilia has a wide appeal, and Dahlen said there are people who aren’t commercial pickers that come just for the experience. Traditionally, many Europeans have come to Nakusp seeking the wild bounty, but more and more Asians have found their way here in order to enjoy stalking the forest’s fungi year after year. You’d be forgiven for thinking mushroom picking is all about Pines, because they are the biggest ticket item, but it’s far from the truth. Not only does Nakusp have




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and readied for transit. Aside from the commerciallyviable mushrooms, there are the lesser-known but very edible fungi floating around the station, like the enormous orange Chicken of the Woods tucked beneath a table. Picking is still something Dahlen loves to do, a gleam sparking in her eye as she talks about searching for Pines in the moss. It’s clearly a real pleasure to explore the woods hunting for treasure buried in the forest floor, rich in delight as well as dollars.


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a wealth of Matsutakes springing from the ground, there are also Chanterelles here, and Lobster mushrooms, both of which are also prized by chefs and gourmands. Lobsters and Chanterelles are also bought and sold, although the going rate is lower. In their back yard, Dan and Jan have a very large dehydrator where they dry large quantities of mushrooms in preparation for shipping to Forbes Wild Foods in Toronto. During the season, their living room is overtaken with boxes being packed with dry mushrooms

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8 n Arrow Lakes News n Wednesday, October 30, 2013

Fundraiser Arrow Lakes Historical Society



Fog-tober rolls out of Burton

Sunday November 3rd. Doors open 6:00 pm play at 6:30 Fundraiser to complete archive addition. Your help is needed!

Want to get involved in the arts, have a voice in the running of a gallery, connect with local artists?

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Fog frames the changing colours of Burton’s autumn. The cows seem immune.

Claire Paradis/Arrow Lakes News

B.C. seeks to diversify Asia wood exports

Forests Minister Steve Thomson (right) is shown insulated structural panels made with B.C. oriented strandboard and lumber, used to build villas in a resort in Zheijing province, China, Oct. 22. B.C. government photo products executives are visitTom Fletcher ing Shanghai and Beijing this Black Press week, after a stop in Japan to B.C.’s annual forest prod- meet with government and ucts trade mission to Asia is industry officials. Thomson finding slower growth in the signed letter of intent with Chinese market, but increasing China’s Zhejiang province to use of higher-value products develop wood frame building, in a rapidly urbanizing counsuch as oriented strandboard. Forests Minister Steve try that has traditionally used Thomson and 25 B.C. forest concrete.

In a phone interview from Shanghai, Thomson said while economic growth in China has slowed, it is still far ahead of North American rates, and Zhejiang province expects a 12.5 per cent increase in wood construction in the coming year. China still imports mostly lower-grade B.C. lumber to use for concrete forms and interior walls of its sprawling urban apartment blocks, but new construction techniques are catching on. The group toured a resort project using foam-insulated panels made from oriented strandboard and lumber supplied by B.C. producers Ainsworth Lumber, Tolko Industries and Weyerhaueser. “That’s a building system that was pioneered in Canada,” said Rick Jeffery, CEO of the Coast Forest Products Association. “Not only were they

using our technology, they were using our OSB and our dimension lumber.” Jeffery said Chinese builders and furniture manufacturers are also using more coastal products, including red cedar and higher-grade hemlock. In Japan, Thomson spoke to an industry conference to assure delegates that B.C.’s pine beetle epidemic has not led to a shortage of high-grade lumber that has been long favoured by Japanese buyers. Japan has adopted a “wood first” construction policy similar to B.C.’s, which has led to increased wood construction in a country still recovering from the 2011 earthquake and tsunami in the Fukushima region. Thomson said Japan has 420,000 seniors waiting for spaces in elder care facilities, and wood construction is being offered as a faster and greener way to meet that demand. He expects B.C. export sales to Japan this year to match or exceed the $700 million total for 2012, and also an increase in the $1.1 billion total sales to China recorded last year. The Canadian and provincial governments have been financing demonstration wood projects for several years in both countries, sharing the cost with industry to showcase the benefits. In Japan, the B.C. delegation visited a public market and library built near the Fukushima earthquake zone, and signed an agreement for a third facility for people left disabled by the disaster.

Arrow Lakes News n Wednesday, October 30, 2013 n 9

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10 n Arrow Lakes News n Wednesday, October 30, 2013 A10 Wednesday, October 30, 2013 Arrow Lake News

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The eyes have it

Career Opportunities

Applicants will need to hold a valid TQ for Heavy Duty or Commercial Transport, class three driver’s licence and Motor Vehicle Inspection licence would be an asset.

Refreshments after service in the Legion in Slocan B.C.

BUSY Law Firm in Penticton seeks full time conveyancing assistant. Email resume in confidence to:

Resumes can be faxed to 250-352-2172 or e-mailed to

Career Opportunities

Career Opportunities

WESTCAN - Interested In Being Our Next Ice Road Trucker? Haul liquid, dry bulk or freight to the diamond mines on the winter road (ice road) from mid-January to mid-April. Not Interested in driving on the ice? Drive resupply from southern locations in Alberta to Yellowknife, NT. Apply online at: or Phone: 1.888.WBT.HIRE (1.888.928.4473) for further details.

WANTED PROCESSING contractor for interior operation to start immediately. Call 1-604819-3393.

YRB Yellowhead Road & Bridge Heavy Duty Mechanic Wanted

Career Opportunities

Career Opportunities

Fetch a Friend from the SPCA today! Career Opportunities

Career Opportunities

l Employees meet employers here… ◾ Arrow Lake News Wednesday, October 30, 2013

Misc. for Sale Affordable Steel Shipping Containers for sale/rent 20’ & 40’ Kootenay Containers Castlegar 250-365-3014 For Sale Locking tonneau cover for 2002-2007 Dodge short box. $500.00 250 269-7588 HOT TUB (SPA) COVERS. Best price. Best quality. All shapes & colours available. 1-866-652-6837 newspaper?





Call Dennis, Shawn or Paul

1-888-204-5355 for Pre-Approval


Merchandise for Sale


STEEL BUILDINGS/metal buildings 60% off! 20x28, 30x40, 40x62, 45x90, 50x120, 60x150, 80x100 sell for balance owed! Call 1-800-4572206 or visit us online at:

Arrow News n Wednesday, October 30, 2013A11 n 11

Community Calendar Put your listing here and online for free Email and check out the calendar at

Wednesday, Oct. 30


Starts at 9:15 a.m. at NaCoMo (90 5th Ave SW). For more info email Tyson at



At the school at 6:30 p.m. $2 drop-in.


Bring your carved pumpkin down to the Nakusp Youth Centre, and have a ‘dog while you’re there. Starting at 7 p.m.

At the Seniors’ Centre (210 8th Ave) between 10 and 11 a.m.


At the Nakusp Arena 3-5 p.m. Be there or be square!

Misc. Wanted Local Coin Collector Buying Collections, Olympic Gold & Silver Coins etc 778-281-0030

Rentals Apartment Furnished BRAND new 1br apt in dwntwn Nakusp w/d, dishwasher, f/s, aircond, private ent, parking (778)206-1769

Legal Notices Mines Act: Notice of Works and Reclamation and Land Act: Notice of Intention to Apply for a Disposition of Crown Land. FrontCounter BC Cranbrook has received an application made by BHEX Contracting Ltd. of Revelstoke, B.C. on behalf of the Ministry of Forests, Lands and Natural Resource Operations (MFLNRO) and Ministry of Energy and Mines (MEM), Kootenay Region, for License of Occupation (1. Quarry-S&G, 2. TransportationRoadway) and a Notice of Work and Reclamation Program for the purpose of extraction and production of sand and gravel (construction aggregate) situated on Provincial Crown land north of Nakusp, BC and containing 5.0 hectares more or less. The MFLNRO and MEM File Numbers that have been established for this application is 4405423 (Lands-quarry), 4405424 (Landsroadway) and 0501262 (Mines-NoW). Written comments concerning this application should be directed to FrontCounter BC, 1902 Theatre Road, Cranbrook, B.C., V1C 7G1 or email Comments will be received by FrontCounter BC until Nov. 29, 2013. FrontCounter BC may not be able to consider comments received after this date. To review the Lands Act applications please refer to our website: ¤ Search ¤ Search by File Number: insert Lands File Number for more information. These applications will be available for viewing at FrontCounter BC in Revelstoke and Cranbrook. Be advised that any response to this advertisement will be considered part of the public record. For information, contact the FOI Advisor at the Ministry of Forests, Lands and Natural Resource Operations regional office in Cranbrook. Location Map


A dancey fitness class, no experience necessary. Starts 6 p.m. at the Nakusp Legion, and the first class is free.

Friday, Nov. 1 BELLYFIT

Come get fit while you have some dancing fun! Starts at 9 a.m. at NaCoMo (90 5th Ave. Nakusp).


ALCOHOLICS ANONYMOUS Meeting starts 7 p.m. at Terra Pondera 97 2nd Ave. in Nakusp.

In the basement of the Nakusp Arena between 3:30-5:30 p.m. For youth ages 13-19. Contact Michael Garvey, 265-1778 or



All are welcome! No try-outs and no need to know how to read music, just come to Saddleback Community Church (59 3 St. NW, Nakusp) at 7 p.m. For info: Marilyn Massey 250-265-4087.

Thursday, Oct. 31 TAI CHI

Welcome beginners! Beginner class begins at the Nakusp Legion at 9:30 a.m.; continuing class takes place at 10 a.m. Call Ruth at 250-265-3353 or email


At the Nakusp Arena 11:30 a.m.-1 p.m. and 3-5 p.m. Be there or be square!


At the Nakusp Elementary School from 3:30-4:30 p.m. For info: Roelie 265-2160.

At the Nakusp Arena 3:30-7 p.m. Be there or be square!


Prizes for best costumes! At the Legion starting at 7 p.m.


Foosball, pool table and more! 212B Broadway in Nakusp, open from 7-11 p.m.

Nov. 2 and 3


Come help with the garden cleanup 10 a.m. - 3 p.m. Young working hands are welcome.

Saturday, Nov. 2


Support the arts with a tasty night filled with chocolate and cheese tasting 6:30 p.m at the Nakusp Legion. Tickets available at the Bon Marche.





Sunday, Nov. 3


All are welcome! No try-outs and no need to know how to read music, just come to Saddleback Community Church (59 3 St. NW, Nakusp) at 1 p.m. For info: Marilyn Massey 250-265-4087. At the Nakusp Arena 3:30-5 p.m. Be there or be square!


At the Nakusp Arena 3:30-5 p.m. Be there or be square!

ALCOHOLICS ANONYMOUS Meets at 5 at Terra Pondera. For info 250-265-4604.


At the Legion, doors at 6 p.m. and the action starts at 6:30 p.m.

Monday, Nov. 4 WISE YOGA

At NaCoMo (90 5th Ave. SW, Nakusp): returning student class from 10-11:30 a.m., beginner’s class 4:45-6:00 p.m. for $15/ drop-in, $10 pre-paid. Call 250265-0177 to reserve a space or for more info.


At the Nakusp Arena for one whole dollar. 11:30 a.m.-1 p.m. For info call 250-265-4500.


Have a hand at the Senior’s Centre 1:15-3:30 p.m.


A dancey fitness class, no experience necessary. Starts 6 p.m. at the Nakusp Legion. First class is free.

Tuesday, Nov. 5

Welcome beginners! Beginner class begins at the Nakusp Legion at 9:30 a.m.; continuing class takes place at 10 a.m. and 7 p.m. Call Ruth at 250-265-3353 or email At the Nakusp Arena 11:30 a.m.-1 p.m. Be there or be square! In the basement of the Nakusp Arena between 3:30-5:30 p.m. For youth ages 13-19. Contact Michael Garvey, 265-1778 or


Kids at 4:30-5:30 p.m. and adults 5:30-6:30 at Nakusp Elementary. For information call Chic at 250837-4884 or email chic sharp@


Come get fit while you have some dancing fun! Starts at 6 p.m. at NaCoMo (90 5th Ave. Nakusp).


At Nakusp Secondary 7-9 p.m. $3 drop-in, $45 for the season. Beginners are welcome. Bring a racquet and non-marking shoes.


Starts at 8 p.m. at NaCoMo (90 5th Ave SW). For more info email Tyson at

Thursday, Nov. 7


Offered through Selkirk college 1-4 p.m. for $5. Pre-registration is required: call 1-855-301-6742 or email for info or to register.

Pictographs defaced by vandals Pictographs from page 7 type of vandalism. Who painted the pictograph may be a moot point as far as restoration is concerned, for on this point the two groups have similar views. Zarelli said Sinixt elders have asked the damaged pictograph be left as is, “as what has happened is now part of the story, and nothing can change that. Let it be.” Sam said she has previously received direction from elders that pictographs were meant to fade over time, “so we wouldn’t do anything to preserve them — we wouldn’t put a shellac coat overtop or anything. But in the case of vandalism, it may be handled differently.” Sam said a decision will be made following a meeting of her advisory council — a group of elders — scheduled for November 7.

While the Ktunaxa Nation Council has heard from the provincial archaeology branch concerning the pictograph, the Sinixt, who aren’t officially recognized by the B.C. government, have not. However, Zarelli said earlier this year they signed a sharing agreement with the province and obtained nearly 2,500 pages of archaeological data on their traditional territory, including information on pictographs. “This data is sensitive as it provides detailed information on how to access many of these cultural sites and if made public knowledge could lead to further abuses and crimes against Sinixt cultural heritage sites,” Zarelli said. At the same time, he said they are developing signage for sensitive areas that they hope will deter such actions.

Vandalism Rare The authors of the books on B.C. pictographs mentioned above were aware that publicizing their locations might have adverse, unintended consequences, but concluded the benefits outweighed the risks. Corner wrote that in addition to natural factors such as flood, slides, fungus, seepage and weathering, “whenever site locations are indicated by highway markers the inevitable and systematic destruction of the paintings begins.” Nankivell and Wyse said they “wrestled with the dilemma of providing detailed site location information,” as they were concerned about vandalism and theft, but Corner gave detailed directions, and “from what we can tell, it did not result in the loss of any sites.” Yet they noted a number of pictographs that had been vandalized or vanished.

Mackie, the government archaeologist, said while pictograph vandalism is rare, it happened most infamously on Standing Rock near Keremeos, where pictographs on a large stone were covered over with modern graffiti. In the 1970s the rock was cleaned by conservators from the Royal BC Museum — only to be swiftly covered over again, with less benign paint types than appears to be the case for paintballs. The vandalism to the pictograph opposite Nelson was noted on September 24 by Claire de la Salle of Friends of Kootenay Lake and amateur photographer Alistair Fraser, who maintains a popular blog and website, but may have happened at least a month earlier. The Heritage Conservation Act provides fines and jail time for anyone convicted of damaging archeological sites. RCMP Cpl. Michael Stefani said Monday that police have no leads.

12 n Arrow Lakes News n Wednesday, October 30, 2013


Nakusp Cougars bring sound and fury to regional zone tourney wins and six losses, but the conclusion of the junior soccer season added some depth and support to the senior team roster as a select number of junior players were moved up to senior. What arrived at the soccer pitch in Grand Forks was a grey teeming swarm of our Nakusp

boys ready and willing to bring the thunder. The junior/senior chemistry proved volatile and the Cougars dispatched the competition with a combined total of 20 goals for and only one against by the end of their three matches. The fury of precision passing and eclectic teamwork subsided as the

Nakusp storm front rained itself out with a sparkling apple juice celebration of their victory. Finishing the year with a nine-wins, six-loss record, the Nakusp Cougars will be traveling on Nov. 5 to Abbotsford to participate in the 2013 Soccer A provincials.

Magnets and the mystery of migration The Cougars are off to the provincials, thanks to a stellar showing at the regionals in Grand Forks Courtesy Jay Gardner By Ryan Willman, Athletic Dir.

Special to the Arrow Lakes News

On November 16 the weather forecast in Grand Forks was calling for sunny skies and mild temperatures; in short, a perfect autumn day. But in the Arrow Lakes valley a storm was brewing when the low-pressure swagger of the Nakusp senior soccer team collided with the high-pressure situation of competing for one provincial berth for the Kootenay region. The resulting storm front gathered momentum on the practice pitch at Nakusp Second-

ary School and eventually spilled out of the valley and rolled south to the Grand Forks region to lay waste to the perfectly planned sunny day. The regional zone finals are the gateways to the provincial stage and each corner of the province is allocated a certain number of the 16 potential playoff berths. This year the Kootenay zone was afforded one playoff berth and Grand Forks, Boundary Central, Mt. Sentinel and Nakusp had to face off in a soccer scrap to claim the spot. Our boys entered into the zone playoffs with a year record of six

Gary Davidson Birds of Nakusp How do migrating birds travelling thousands of kilometres find their way? This has been a much studied topic in

JOIN THE DISCUSSION ON BC HYDRO’S REVELSTOKE UNIT 6 PROJECT BC Hydro has started planning work to allow Revelstoke Unit 6 Project to be constructed by 2020. The project is being advanced as a contingency project should future electricity demand be higher than expected as described in BC Hydro’s August 2013 Integrated Resource Plan. As outlined in that plan, BC Hydro’s expected electricity demand would be met by other projects and conservation measures . Planning work for the Revelstoke Unit 6 Project includes seeking regulatory approvals for the project. The BC Environmental Assessment Office has determined that the project will be reviewed under the BC Environmental Assessment Act. BC Hydro is convening a Core Ccommittee to help with the review. Do you represent an interest that would be affected by the construction or operation of a sixth generating unit at Revelstoke Generating Station? Are you interested in getting involved to help recommend mitigation measures?

recent years. The more the question is studied, the more the complex the answer appears to be. It has been observed that many more birds make migratory flights when the sky is clear than when it is cloudy, leaving scientists to conclude that the sky must be a navigational aid. Studies conducted in planetarium type buildings have verified that birds can indeed orient themselves to the sun or to certain star formations. It has even been determined that they have some sort of internal clock that allows them to compensate for the movement of the sun (or stars) as the day (or night) passes. But some birds were observed migrating during poorer weather when no sky was visible at all. How did they know which way to go? Some birds apparently use a combination of factors. A study involving Blue-winged Teal showed that they had the ability to use familiar landmarks to determine their direction and then orient themselves relative to the wind. They then flew such that the wind remained in that same relative direction (works fine as long as the wind doesn’t change direction en route). Experiments with some species of pigeons indicate that they have built-in compasses which allow them to detect the earth’s magnetic field. When tiny magnets were affixed to their heads they became totally disoriented. There is also evidence to suggest that some birds can hear extremely low frequency sounds, such sounds can be heard over very long distances. A bird flying north through the prairies might be able to hear the wind in the Rockies off to the left and the waves pounding on the coast to the east. Some birds apparently use much more “low-tech” methods, they merely follow coast-

Albatross migrate thousands of kilometres. Courtesy Gary Davidson lines or major river valleys. While all of these methods would be of assistance in determining general direction, none are specific enough to allow a bird to return to the same small lake or the same field or the same nest in the same tree year after year. It would seem that the navigational aids get them close and then memory and familiar landmarks do the rest. But how do we explain some birds’ ability to get “home” under circumstances other than traditional migratory flights? How do homing pigeons get home? Experiments have been conducted with birds other than pigeons. One such experiment involved a Laysan Albatross removed from its nest on Midway Island west of Hawaii and released in Washington State. Ten days later it was back on its nest, having made a 5,000-kilometre journey across a featureless ocean. It is not completely understood how birds can navigate across unfamiliar territory in unfamiliar directions. Research continues.

Find your next superstar!

BC Hydro is accepting committee member applications until November 4, 2013. If you are not interested in participating but want to follow the work of the Core Committee, then you can sign up as an observer to receive project information.


For more information visit


To get involved please contact: Jen Walker-Larsen Stakeholder Engagement Advisor, Revelstoke 250 814 6645

1-855-678-7833 ◾ Publication: Nakusp Arrow Lakes News (BCNG)

Arrow Lakes News, October 30, 2013  

October 30, 2013 edition of the Arrow Lakes News

Arrow Lakes News, October 30, 2013  

October 30, 2013 edition of the Arrow Lakes News