UFV's Ag Future MLA sees a larger agriculture faculty at UFV’s Chilliwack campus.
Volume 12 • Issue 2
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• B.C.’s labour minister says most of the 15 recommendations made by a coroner’s jury into the deaths of three mushroom farm workers will be implemented. • The Investment Agriculture Foundation of B.C. and the BC Agriculture Council hold a joint session for their annual general meetings in Abbotsford. • Chilliwack says it is on a path to becoming “a centre of excellence” for agriculture under its new Agriculture Area Plan. • Bob Ingratta talks about the future of the BC Milk Marketing Board. • Does Canada need a United Nation's lecture on food distribution? CLOSE SHAVE – Chilliwack farmer Martin Lubben prepares to shear a Romney-cross sheep at the Surrey Museum during a Sheep to Shawl Competition. The event featured local weaving and spinning teams plying raw sheep's wool into yarn, then weaving it into shawls – all in four hours. BOAZ JOSEPH / BLACK PRESS
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Minister clarifies B.C.’s new Animal Health Act
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INDEX 3 Mushroom farms 3 Animal health 5 Agriculture Plan 6 UBC program to UFV? 10 Profile 12 Beyond the Barn
Don McRae, B.C. Minister of Agriculture : “I would like to clarify provisions within the new Animal Health Act and allay concerns expressed by some, specifically around privacy issues and disclosure of disease outbreaks. “To be clear, the restriction on disclosure of animal health information provided in confidence only applies to a “person engaged in the administration of the act”, for example inspectors and government employees directly involved in animal health. It does not apply to journalists or other members of the public. The rules on reporting news of a disease outbreak do not change with the new Animal Health Act. As soon as a disease is actually confirmed, that information would be made public just the same way it has always been, typically through the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA), or the Province’s chief veterinarian. “What the new Animal Health Act guards against is incomplete or unconfirmed information being made public that would unfairly harm the reputation and livelihood of the families that make their living as farmers. We recognize that upon confirmation of a disease it is essential the public receives complete, accurate, and consistent information and advice on how they can protect their health. “The best way to ensure that disease outbreaks are reported early is to assure farmers that their information will be treated in a strictly confidential fashion. “Section 16 of the new Animal Health Act is actually designed to encourage the reporting of potential animal diseases and participation in traceability programs, by guaranteeing the confidentiality of the information. It simply makes animal medical records held by the Province protected by the same confidentiality rules that apply to private veterinarians and private laboratories. The wording is very similar to that used by Alberta and Ontario. The Animal Health Act is a rewrite of a bill that was originally passed in 1948. The act was rewritten based on best practices and similar legislation in other provinces. The changes bring us up-to-date so that we have the tools to
What the new Animal H Health lth A Actt guards d against is incomplete or unconfirmed information being made public that would unfairly harm the reputation and livelihood of the families that make their living as farmers protect human and animal health while ensuring our producers can compete in the global marketplace, as animal health has become a major global trade issue. “Under the act, as well as federal legislation, people with knowledge of a reportable disease are legally obligated to provide that information to provincial and/or federal authorities. Failure to do so is an offence. “Maximum fines under the act have been increased to $75,000 because animal disease control is a serious matter. The maximum fine applies upon conviction in a court of law. “I assure you that the new act balances the need for protection of confidential information in the ministry’s possession with the public interest in receiving timely disease information.” No National Council
After months of effort to certify close to 200 blueberry growers so they could vote for or against the formation of a National Highbush Blueberry Council has resulted in rejection of the idea by a slim margin of 107 (against) to 93 voters (for). An additional 21 per cent of the total ballots were determined to be spoiled ballots. These ballots were either incomplete, not having one of more of the ballot questions checked or the voters could not be verified as BC blueberry growers. Due mainly to the large number of spoiled ballots the results of the vote cannot be construed as a clear assessment of grower opinion with respect to the formation of a national council. The National Farm Products Marketing Council requires documented and accurate information when considering the
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rate information allowing better decisions and faster genetic improvement. GenoID works best on herds using A.I. sires as they are already genotyped and included in the genomic database. Complete program information is available on the Holstein Canada website www.holstein.ca (Genetics >> Genomics).
It doesn’t appear as though we are going to have a flood this year. High water, yes. Runoff from the heavy snowfall on our local mountains has been slow and steady. The runoff from up north still has not materialized. Nonetheless the agriculture sector has dusted off its emergency plan and is prepared to implement it should it be necessary.
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Holstein Canada is pleased to announce a new genomic (DNA) testing service available to Holstein breeders. In the past, genomic testing was only available for animals registered in the Association Herdbook. GenoID combines genomic testing with Herdbook registration to provide a convenient one-step process for parentage discovery and genetic evaluation. Genetic evaluations provide valuable information allowing producers to make better selection, mating and sales decisions. GenoID will also automatically register animals in the Holstein Canada Herdbook. GenoID is geared towards non-registered herds but available to all Holstein breeders. GenoID provides more accu-
What a wonderful season we had last year at the Chilliwack Farmers Market with the extended season running to Thanksgiving because of popular demand. We are successfully achieving new growth benchmarks each year because of your help and support. The 2012 Chilliwack Farmers Market will open on Sat. Jun. 23 from 9 a.m. to 2 p.m. and each week after that through Sep. 15. If you know anybody who grows vegetables or livestock, makes crafts or bakes goodies tell them to get a stall at the 2012 Chilliwack Farmers Market by sending a request to the following e-mail address…info@ ChilliwackFarmersMarket.com
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BC Blueberry industry’s application. BC Blueberry Council chair Mike Makara is not only disappointed, but upset the plan to form a national council did not get the approval it needed. However he says as a result of the negative vote the council will continue working with first receivers to develop a complete and accurate listing of eligible blueberry growers with a view to conducting another vote in the future. Meanwhile BC Raspberry growers have endorsed the idea of a National Council and work on bringing that into being is now underway. And Strawberry growers have also cleared the way for BC to be part of a new national council by renaming the growers’ group the BC Strawberry Growers Association. Caroline Thibault from Quebec is organizing this venture which includes only four provinces.
Changes coming to B.C. mushroom farms By Monique Tamminga Black Press B.C.’s Labour Minister Margaret MacDiarmid said most of the 15 recommendations made by a coroner’s jury into the deaths of three mushroom farm workers will be implemented — but there are challenges. “All of the recommendations make sense,” said MacDiarmid on Tuesday. “I think we heard the jury’s recommendations on a Wednesday, and that night the CEO of WorkSafe BC started working on them.” The jury made numerous recommendations aimed at WorkSafe BC after a series of safety mistakes led to
the death of three farm workers of Vietnamese background and serious, permanent injuries to two others on A-1 Farms in south Langley in 2008. The three workers died and two others have severe brain injuries as a result of toxic gases being released in a confined brown water shed, where a worker unclogged a pipe stuffed with straw and chicken manure. The owners were fined $300,000 but have since declared bankruptcy. The fines have not been paid. The mushroom farm is now up for sale. MacDiarmid said despite a recommendation by the jury to increase the number of inspections, her government had already been doing that. “Immediately after this terrible
tragedy we increased the number of prevention officers who went around to all the mushroom composting farms in B.C. and spoke to workers about confined spaces,” she said. Some of the recommendations will prove to be difficult, such as making it mandatory for all farm workers to take two days of occupational safety training and be given a certificate, similar to the Food Safe program. WorkSafe BC said there are too many farms out there for them to go to. MacDiarmid said the other issue is many farms have transient workers, like berry pickers, who only stay for short stays. WorkSafe confirmed that it already met with the FARSHA (Farm and
Ranch Safety and Health Association) to implement the jury’s first two recommendations. Those are to require active aeration of all brown water tanks in mushroom composting farms and require that a registered engineer supervise and approve the design and construction of all new mushroom composting facilities, including the brown water system, before they are allowed to operate. As for the recommendation that all ambulances be equipped with an oxygen sensor, MacDiarmid said that is up to BC Ambulance. In 2006, the same recommendation was made after two paramedics died going into a confined space
Animal disease secrecy questioned By Tom Fletcher Black Press VICTORIA – When discovery of mad cow disease prompted 30 countries to ban imports of Canadian beef in 2003, former Alberta Premier Ralph Klein famously suggested the rancher who found an infected animal should have “shot, shovelled and shut up” rather than report the case to authorities. The risk of farmers protecting their operations by hiding sick animals is behind strict new regulations on the handling of animal disease reports, B.C. agriculture officials say. Agriculture Minister Don McRae introduced a new Animal Health Act amid a flood of other legislation last month. Debate has focused on measures to exempt animal disease reports from freedom of information legislation, and to impose steep fines and jail time on officials who release information on disease reports without authorization. McRae said in an interview he has been assured by the provincial veterinarian and ministry staff that the restrictions are an important part of getting voluntary reports from farmers. Journalists, members of environmental watchdog organizations, or the effected farmers themselves can speak publicly about outbreaks without fear of penalties, he said.
on project successes within the crop, livestock, pan-agricultural and value-added sectors. IAF contributions together with industry leadership have made tremendous impacts on producers, processors and local agriculture communities. A showcase of B.C. projects further highlighting some of these impacts was held, featuring recipients of IAF funding. Presenters included the B.C. Food Processors’ Association, B.C. Blueberry Council, City of Abbotsford, Horse Council of B.C., B.C. Landscape & Nursery Association, B.C. Agriculture Council, Certified Organic Associations of B.C., and several other organizations. Included in Wilson’s discussion was the broadening program delivery role IAF has assumed, as with the $1.5 million Canada-B.C. Continued: IAF/ p4
Continued: FISH/ p4
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providing samples voluntarily. (Regulation of fish farms has since been taken over by the federal government.) “We need to make sure we have as much information as possible from farms from Fort St. John to Vancouver Island,” McRae said. “Without data, the Animal Health Act is going to be ineffective.”
NDP agriculture critic Lana Popham said freedom of information law should apply, and the legislation goes too far in protecting the business interests of the industry. She noted that restaurants are regularly inspected for cleanliness and the reports are made public routinely, despite the effect on the reputation of a business.
Joint annual general meetings prove successful The Investment Agriculture Foundation of B.C. (IAF) joined with the BC Agriculture Council and held their annual general meetings in Abbotsford on the same day. The joint sessions were led off with the IAF-AGM followed by the BC Ag Council AGM. It was the first year for this arrangement and it proved to be an excellent undertaking. The shared day of events included a special luncheon presentation on Food and Farming in 2020 which was very well attended, and followed by a showcase of IAF and BCAC programming. The meeting was especially significant for IAF chair, Stuart Wilson, as it marked his sixth and final year as an IAF director. It was also the final meeting for BCAC Chair Garnet Etsell, who also stepped down. In his final address, Wilson said, “Knowing
we have constructive and positive relations with our industry and government partners has been one of the highlights for me during my six years as a director and Chair of IAFBC. Our priorities reflect industry priorities,” he said. “Acting on the input Stuart Wilson from industry and in keeping with the priorities of the three-year Corporate Plan we introduced last year, we committed nearly $4.2 million to a wide variety of new projects and initiatives.” Wilson’s emphasis on the need for collaboration was illustrated during an overview he gave
Farmers unhappy with fish habitat enforcement This issue has been a thorn in the side of many farmers for a long time. John Les, as the former Mayor of Chilliwack, had first hand involvement with fisheries regulations governing fish bearing streams and more importantly fish habitat for over a decade. Now the federal government has indicated it wants to modify the rules pertaining to fish habitat and has included a measure to do in their much criticized ominbus bill. However a large group of farmers and others from the Fraser Valley went to Vancouver to protest the fish habitat restrictions which are clearly hampering cleaning of many drainage areas declared to be fish habitat. They also expressed their concern over measures to protect two species of fish, namely the Salish Sucker and the Nooksack Dace. They want federal fisheries to either change the regulations and let farmers farm all of their land, or else compensate them for land used to protect fish. Les says everybody wants fish habitat to be in good shape. There is strong support for good healthy salmon runs and everything else. However I think that in many cases the pendulum has simply swung too far in terms of the enforcement. “You will find so-called streams that are completely dry and they are being protected as if they were valuable fish habitat. You have farmers becoming increasingly apprehensive and rightly so. Many feel they won’t be able to farm their land as they have in the past because a lot of it was being deemed fish habitat. In many cases farmers had dug drainage ditches and then when they wanted to keep them clean and clear, fisheries personnel would come along and tell them they can’t continue to clean them. This is pretty bewildering for farmers who have in some cases spent thousands of dollars improving the drainage of their land. So I think we have gone too far.” “The same is true for some so-called rare and endangered species of fish which are apparently not as rare and endangered as some people would have us believe. Protecting these fish species may lead to farmers not being able to do the normal things on their land. So there has been a backlash – no question about that – the federal government seems to be responding and (I hope) lightening some of the regulatory load,” stated Les. The current controversy we have in the Fraser Valley involving the Salish Sucker and Nooksack Dace potentially could affect about
Disease outbreaks have affected poultry farms and fish farms in B.C., as well as cattle in Alberta.
NDP critics are questioning exempting animal disease reports from freedom of information law, citing objections from B.C. Information and Privacy Commissioner Elizabeth Denham. McRae noted that a 2010 requirement for salmon farms to release regular disease inspection reports prompted the operators to stop
to save mine employees in Kimberly. Ambulances are still not equipped. MacDiarmid said WorkSafe BC has had a “tremendous focus” on workers’ safety in the past few years. Workers being killed on the job are down almost 40 per cent in B.C., she said. “Still, no one should die at work. There is still more work to be done,” she said. MacDiarmid said she has never met the families who lost loved ones on this farm but watched them speak out on the TV. “I think the key message I get from the families is they don’t want this to happen to more families. We can and will learn from this tragedy,” she said.
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Agriculture a major contributor to a successful economy Agriculture Minister Gerry Ritz sees promise in changes The agriculture and agri-food sector is becoming increasingly modern, innovative, and competitive, and is a significant part of Canada’s economy. An economic report released by Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada AAFC), Canada’s agriculture industry is turning the corner from facing unprecedented challenges to meeting exciting opportunities. “We have plenty to be proud of here in Canada when it comes to the sector,” said Agriculture Minister Gerry Ritz. “If we look back a few years, we see that our farms have become more modern, more productive, and more innovative. We see that the industry has been restructuring and adapting to consumer demands, advancing technology, and other global trends.” Food safety is a paramount concern for consumers today, and the federal governments’ 2012 Economic Action Plan includes an additional $51M over the next two years to enhance food safety, building upon the $100M allocated in last year’s budget. Ensuring safe food for Canadian families is a Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) mandate and the federal government has provided investments for the CFIA to hire 733 new inspection staff. In 2010, the agriculture and agri-food industry directly provided 1 in 8 jobs, employed more than 2 million people, and accounted for more than 8 per cent of the total Gross Domestic Product (GDP). The food and beverage processing sector was one of the top manufacturing industries in Canada in 2010. The agriculture and agri-food sector has become increasingly internationally focused over the past 15 years. In 2010, Canada was the fifth-largest exporter of agriculture and agri-
food products in the world, with exports valued at more than $35 billion. Canadians still enjoy some of the lowest food costs in the world, with food spending from stores accounting for almost 10 per cent of personal household expenditures in recent years. The increase in total government expenditures in support of the agriculture and agri-food sector was 9.5 per cent between 2009–10 and 2010–11, from $7.2 billion to $7.9 billion. “It wasn’t that long ago that producers and processors were reeling from BSE, Bird Flu, reduced market access, and weather-related disasters,” continued Minister Ritz. “As farm businesses evolve to meet changing demand or issues, so too must government adapt its approach to support industry’s need for increased innovation, market access, and reduction of red tape.” The annual overview report provides basic information about the agriculture and agri-food sector, tracks how the sector has been performing over time, and reflects the challenges and changes that have occurred in recent years. It reviews in detail all segments of the sector, covering not only primary agriculture and input suppliers, but also food and beverage processing, food distribution, consumer trends, and government investment. This year’s report also included a special feature on employment trends in Canada’s agriculture and agri-food system. “These changes are part of the on-going transformative agenda focused on allowing farmers to maximize returns from the marketplace. As the agriculture and food industry evolves so too must the government,” noted Minister Ritz.
Donkers outlines IAF priorities IAF from p3
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Agri-Innovation program funded through Growing Forward: a federal-provincial-territorial initiative. He also emphasized IAF’s ongoing role in delivering the federal Canadian Agricultural Adaptation Program in B.C., which is scheduled to be discontinued as of Mar. 31, 2014. In the financial report, vice chair, Peter Levelton reported that IAF paid out nearly $5.2 million toward new and continuing projects and initiatives. Finally, Executive Director, Peter Donkers wrapped up the meeting with a look at IAF’s priorities for 2012. Donker’s Report
Donkers noted that agriculture is now part of a global market. Moving from a BC-based market to a national
or an international marketplace requires support on many levels, and specialized knowledge and learning. Partnerships and alliances for agri-businesses and sector associations and organizations, in collaboration with governments, provide a network to support companies which have difficulty moving to a new economic model, branding their product, or finding niche markets. Innovation has contributed to the competitive edge of BC but there is difficulty in moving to commercialization by the high cost of accessing venture capital. BC agri-businesses can be and many have been successful in the domestic and international marketplace and will continue to be so. However the Foundation now needs to consider how to adapt to be
more relevant in partnering with the industry in the future. In this year 2012, we have begun piloting an on-line application submission process. Our goal is to provide clients with the necessary technological tools that cut down on the paperwork and will provide improved access to a range of resources. Our outreach activities will continue to be expanded with program managers spending more time in the field with clients. In partnership with the BC Ag Council we need to be aware of and act on activities that have a Pan Ag benefit. Already under discussion is an Ag-environment forum that will help industry to determine its priorities and strategies for the next decade.
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Farmers have fish habitat concerns FISH from p3 800 acres of fine agricultural land in Chilliwack alone simply to protect Salish Sucker habitat. Was the Salish Sucker ever very prevalent? I am not really sure if it was. I have lived here all my life and the first I heard of the Salish Sucker was
not more than four or five years ago. I believe that in some cases the need to protect some species of fish has been widely overstated and people are being asked to make concessions that are unrealistic. And when people feel they are starting to be pushed around they push back. And that is what has been happening lately.
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Chris Byra chaired the steering committee that drafted the new Agriculture Area Plan. JENNA HAUCK/ PROGRESS
Chilliwack ag plan hopes to bridge urban/rural divide Jennifer Feinberg Black Press There may always be some sort of urban/rural divide when it comes to farming in Chilliwack. But the city is on a path to becoming “a centre of excellence” for agriculture under a new Agriculture Area Plan, with a keen emphasis on education, best practices and sustainability. “This is a land-use plan to support agriculture, but it’s also looking at the urban/rural divide,” said Chris Byra, a local veterinarian who chaired the plan’s steering committee. Contained in the plan are strategies to address some of challenges, ways to support land-use planning and the long-term sustainability of the agricultural industry. The plan’s preamble makes it clear what a critical economic engine the ag sector represents in Chilliwack, with 800 farms providing more than 4,500 jobs and generating $600 million in economic activity. “The plan provides a strong map of what the agricultural community is all about, and a good steering document for the future,” said Chilliwack Economic Partners president John Jansen. “It inventories
the requirements of agriculture, along with demonstrating its impact.” Drafted under the leadership of the Chilliwack Agricultural Commission, and with input from stakeholders, the plan was first presented to council in March. Council approved introduction and first reading of the text amendment to include the ag plan in the OCP last Tuesday. One of the long-term goals is to help make the agricultural industry become increasingly progressive. The ag landscape in Chilliwack is dominated by dairy, poultry, nursery and greenhouse producers, and 67 per cent of the land base is located with the Agricultural Land Reserve. “Chilliwack will become a centre of excellence in agriculture focusing on industry innovation and sustainability and emphasizing education, communication, conservation, and environmental responsibility,” reads a section of the plan. “The agricultural industry will become increasingly progressive.” The plan looks at the interface irritants like noise, dust and odours, and recommends solutions within a timeline, as well as the potential opportunities and new partnerships
arising. The vision includes stronger working relationships between city representatives, the agricultural industry, and University of the Fraser Valley, to encourage broader educational options, as well as market opportunities like valueadded and food processing options. City staff is working on drafting a recommendation for council to create an agricultural advisory committee, which would provide advice and support on Agricultural Land Commission applications, and to provide input on proposed bylaws, and other land-use proposals that impact agriculture, according to a staff report. “I think that is one of the more concrete ideas,” said Byra. A public hearing is set for June 5 at city hall, to include the new plan as an appendix to the Official Community Plan. Then it comes back to council for final approval. The OCP amendment and creating the advisory committee of council are seen as the first two steps toward implementation. The plan can be found on the city’s website at http:// chilliwack.com/main/page. cfm?id=1979.
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Appeal to WTO disappoints pork industry The Canadian Pork industry is disappointed to learn the United States has decided to appeal a World Trade Organization panel decision that struck down discriminatory and trade distorting elements of the US Country of Origin labeling (COOL) legislation as it applies to imported livestock. “COOL increases costs and creates inefficiencies without improving consumer information,” stated the Canadian Pork Council’s Chair, JeanGuy Vincent. “An integrated North American market is more competitive and sustainable for all producers in the long run, and allows all of us to be more competitive globally.” The Canadian Pork Council and its members from Ontario and Manitoba worked in
collaboration with the Canadian Cattlemen’s Association to provide the analysis to support the government’s efforts to establish that important elements of COOL are not consistent with US WTO obligations. The WTO Panel confirmed that the legislation restricted market access and was a technical barrier to the movement of live swine into the US market. “Canada clearly won all three points that we challenged and the WTO panel ruled that COOL discriminates against Canadian livestock and is inconsistent with WTO rules,” added Vincent. However the U.S. has chosen to challenge the WTO ruling, an action considered detrimental to the Canadian Pork industry.
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Garnet Etsell has stepped down as Chair of the BC Agriculture Council and Rhonda Driediger is now the new Chair. Etsell is maintaining his position with the Canadian Federation of Agriculture. His CFA association coupled with his many years of involvement in BC agriculture make him a good sounding board on a number of issues important to agriculture. At the top of his list is the nagging realization that the BC agriculture industry is underfunded. “Governments across the board, both federally and provincially are not putting enough public dollars into the agriculture industry. We need to develop a mechanism that puts BC, in particular, in better fiscal shape than what it is. But I think that industry is going to have to wake up to the fact of having to do it on their own. For too long we have had our hands out to government and you can’t have the lowest taxes in the world and government handouts at the same time. The fact of the matter is that public funds are just not there. And when you look at other industries and how they are able to finance and fund their organizations, farmers and growers are going to have come up with a way to do the same for agriculture,” says Etsell. Etsell doesn’t rule out some type of check-off, either provincially or nationally, that would outline the collection mechanism and allow the Ag sector to benefit from a pool of stable funding. Etsell applauds the Provincial government’s plan to away with the hated carbon tax. It is well known that BC is the only jurisdiction in Canada that has a carbon tax. “It’s the silliest tax in the world when it comes to agriculture,” notes Etsell. Step one in the eventual elimination of the carbon tax was made by BC Agriculture
Minister Don McRae. Victoria is providing an estimated $7.6M to provide financial relief to the Greenhouse and Floraculture sectors. The funding will be paid out in the form of a rebate. Growers must make application for that funding based on what their purchases over the past number of years have been. “I think it is a good first step, stated Etsell, “I was concerned when we started to get wind of the fact that they just going to do something for greenhouse growers. There is a whole lot more to the industry than just the greenhouse sector. Admittedly it was the greenhouse industry that was hardest hit. So I take some solace in the fact that BC Finance Minister Kevin Falcon is indicating that they are going to do more. How much more, we will have to wait and see,” says Etsell. The Canadian dollar has been above par with the US dollar for many months now. It is not good for exports, but great when it comes to bringing in goods from other countries. And Canada is an exporting nation, even when it comes to food. “We produce way more food than we can consume nationally and if we are going to compete internationally we have to recognize that there are ramifications to having a high dollar or having a dollar that fluctuates from day to day. One of the ways we can get around that is by diversifying our markets. For all too long we had a low Canadian dollar and we concentrated on exporting to the US to the point where the US almost became our sole market. As a result when the Canadian and US dollars started to change we were hurt. Whereas had we diversified our markets and were exporting to other nations we wouldn’t have been hit nearly as hard. Continued: TRADE/ p12
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MOBILE POWER WASHING: Chilliwack MLA John Les, UFV interim advisor Harv McCullough and Chilliwack-Fraser Canyon MP Mark Strahl talk before a ribbon-cutting at UFV’s new Chilliwack campus last month. ROBERT FREEMAN/ BLACK PRESS
were transferred to Agassiz it would be more efficient for students. Les’ responded by saying, “It is probably the first time I have said it publicly but (and he asks) why isn’t the UBC agriculture faculty at UFV? It seems to me that if you were to start over you would house an agricultural faculty at UFV and perhaps not at UBC. I am of the opinion that you need to have your agricultural
faculty where agriculture happens, Last time I checked there wasn’t much agriculture activity at UBC’s Point Grey campus in Vancouver. This kind of change is what we need to think about, talk about, and rationalize for everybody’s benefit.” Les also noted that the planned Food Technology Center to be built in the Fraser Valley would be a welcome addition at UFV. “It certainly makes sense to me.”
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Currently the facilities of the University of the Fraser Valley (UFV) are being moved from the Airport and Yale location in downtown Chilliwack to a new home in a brand new building in Canada Education Park. Classes are expected to begin in the new location in Sept. It is the first part of an expanded university footprint at the former Canadian Forces Military base with UFV owning 85 acres of land on which to build. Among the facilities being re-located to the Vedder Crossing complex is the agriculture department which leaves behind a building that houses an office area, classrooms, and a lab and a poly covered greenhouse. The greenhouse is to be moved to the new location and another glass greenhouse is to be built as well. MLA John Les, a former Mayor, and longtime supporter of UFV feels that other countries, like Holland, are using intensive agriculture methods to grow their crops, and Canada has a long way to go to catch up. “Personally, I think we can do new things to enhance our small fruit industry. We have got to make UFV something that is modern and real. A university is not a milker training program. Robots do most of that now,” he says. There is now a potential for a much larger agriculture faculty at UFV’s Chilliwack campus. At present the UBC Dairy Course requires students to attend both classes in Agassiz and Vancouver. If the entire course
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BC Minister of Agriculture One of the critical factors in our ability to grow B.C.’s agrifoods sector to a $14-billion-a-year industry by 2017 is a solid working relationship between the governments of B.C. and Canada. Given the global market place and shared areas of jurisdiction, a strong federal-provincial partnership is crucial to agricultural progress. The cooperative relationship will also help B.C. achieve the main goals of our Agrifoods Strategy: developing high-quality, high-value products, expanding domestic and international markets and increasing competitiveness. In an effort to continue that constructive relationship, I just attended a conference of Canadian agriculture ministers in Gatineau, Quebec. The goal of my attendance was to ensure B.C.’s diverse agriculture sector was well represented as we near final negotiations for a new funding agreement for B.C. producers. The agreement is a new five-year agriculture policy framework that will build on the success of the Growing Forward suite of risk management, food safety, environmental and business development programs that conclude in the spring of 2013. The current agreement has brought $553 million of funding to B.C., in a 60/40 federal provincial sharing ratio. Following our meetings in Quebec, there was wide consensus that the new agreement, Growing Forward 2, should focus on supporting and rewarding innovation, increasing competitiveness in agriculture, building market opportunities, and supporting adaptability and sustainability. Growing Forward 2 will build stronger connections between federal and provincial govern-
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ments in order to increase market opportunities for farmers, producers and food processors. The reputation and international demand for B.C. foods as a trusted, high-quality source of nutrition results in about $2.5 billion in agrifood exports a year to about 140 countries. With record exports to China in both 2010 and 2011, and increased emphasis on building our trading relationships in Asia, the opportunities for B.C.’s food producers and processors continue to grow. I believe farmers and producers who participated in the consultation process to date will be pleased to see their view regarding the involvement of the entire value chain has been heard, and will likely form part of the agreement. At the Gatineau meeting we agreed to further industry consultations with the goal of signing the Growing Forward 2 agreement in September and to have the new framework in place by this time next year. With much of the discussions focused on expanding market opportunities, federal and provincial agriculture ministers jointly reiterated our support for liberalized trade arrangements. We agreed creating new trading blocs will benefit farming and food producing families but that these negotiations should clearly maintain our support for Canada’s supply management system. British Columbian food producers and communities are well positioned to benefit from our province’s strong relationships with the federal government and trading partners around the world. By working together and continuing our emphasis on high quality products, new markets, and industry competitiveness, producers and processors will continue to invest in an agrifoods sector that employs more than 61,000 British Columbians, and directly contributes to the social, health and economic benefits of us all.
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Bob Ingratta: General manager BC Milk Marketing Board
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ob Ingratta was born and raised on the family farm near London, Ontario. “It was a supply-managed tobacco farm as well as cash cropping”, he explains. “We grew lots of vegetables and we had cows and horses. My Dad and his two brothers owned two farms of about 150 acres.” Once off the farm, Ingratta attended the University of Guelph (in Ontario) where he obtained his Masters of Science degree. Every summer while at university he would return to work on the family farm, but in his last year of university he realized he needed to get some other experience because he was going to require a job. Bob was hired by the Ontario government as a summer specialist and did a lot of analyzing of fruit trees around Simcoe, Ontario looking for diseases on apples, monitoring apple scab and evaluated different agriculture issues. His first full time job after graduating from university was with the well known international agricultural enterprise Monsanto, “I worked for them for a number of years starting in Calgary as a sales rep., and then moved to Saskatoon where I was involved with research and development. From there I moved to a number of places with increasing responsibilities and back to Calgary as sales manager. I lived in Winnipeg for three years as a marketing manager. Bob finally settled down in Ottawa for about 20 years, where he was the lead of Government Relations and Regulatory Affairs, before coming to BC and starting his own business as an Agriculture Consultant living and working in Vancouver. More recently working for three years as a consultant in the Bio Energy and Bio Products sector. “The bio-energy field is really just developing,” stated Ingratta. “Anaerobic digestion is a big part of it and expanding. It was an exciting new area to work in. Both renewable energy and bio-energy, and renewable bio-products were areas I supported and worked to develop, not only in agriculture but in forestry as well. Another convergence of technology occurs when you combine the waste from agriculture with municipal waste to create renewable products and energy.” In the past Ingratta was Chair of the Board of BioTalent Canada in Ottawa which is a national human resource sector council for government where he developed some new strategies for them as well as being a member of the Board of the Food Innovation Center of BC which started up in Chilliwack. He is now off both those boards having agreed to be the General Manager of the BC Milk Marketing Board. Early into his new job as G-M of the BCMMB Bob took the opportunity to go on the annual dairy tours with one of the Milk Board members and got a first hand look at some of the
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progressive dairies in the Fraser Valley. “It is absolutely amazing,” he says, “to see how quickly the cows catch on to the operation of a robotic milker and seem so comfortable with it.” Ingratta’s assessment of the Milk Board and how he feels about the administration of the dairy industry in B.C. is extremely positive. “I was told that being the general manager of the Milk Marketing Board was a really intensive and tough job and I certainly have not been disappointed. The dairy industry is very complex; a lot of change is taking place. It is exciting to be part of it and I am really delighted to see that I can use my skills to help the Board move forward and work toward enhancing the vitality of the BC dairy industry through a culture of sound governance. “We have a tremendous Board of Directors. Jim Byrne is Chair and a dairy industry expert - extremely knowledgeable, great negotiation skills and just a great guy to work with. As well, we have other hard working producers and one appointed member on the board that are really knowledgeable. “We have a lot of issues we are trying to sort through and we work closely with the Milk Industry Advisory Committee. For me it is a great opportunity to learn skills from them as quickly as I can and provide my skills in a teambased approach. It has been a lot of fun, exciting, and tough.” As general manager of the BCMMB over the past four and a half months Bob says he has been sorting through what works, and what doesn’t work. “We need to continue on with what is working and change what needs to be changed. So there are three key things that I would like to accomplish over the next eight to ten years in the dairy industry. “We need to look at the depth of change that is happening, and the variable forces of change from the demographics of fact that dairy farmers are growing older and we need to be cognizant of that. Ownership of a lot of dairy farms is going to change over the next ten years. How do we support the consumer need? Can we feed a global population of three billion people with abundant and nutritious food that must be produced on a decreasing agricultural land base, faced with ever increasing environmental challenges, such as the issue of local water supply? “What I am trying to do is take all those dynamics and input from our key stakeholders to develop a vision and a strategy for the future. It will be a year 2020 strategic plan that analyzes and crystallizes what our vision for the future should be. In concert with the Board, we want the dairy industry to be a dynamic, responsive, sustainable, and consumer focused dairy industry. Continued: INGRATTA/ p13
Agriculture Canada’s John Berry is retiring John Berry, the BC Regional Director for Agriculture and AgriFood Canada will enter retirement around mid-June after 40 years of working for the government. John spent 33 years in Vancouver (and Victoria) as Regional Director, and another seven years working in Ottawa. He told West Coast Farmer that he enjoyed working so much that he didn’t mind putting in 40 years. John is a descendant of a Langley farm family that established itself in the Fraser Valley community back in the late eighteen-hundreds. His grandfather started the farm in Langley and had a family of seven, the youngest of which was John’s Dad. He died last August at the age of 101. “My grandfather’s family was a remarkable group, and were really a part of the development of BC. My grandfather was very much a pioneer, very active in the farm community and in the dairy industry. He was part of the initial Board of Directors of Fraser Valley Milk Producers Association. He later became its President, was an MLA, and served as a trustee on the local school board. My generation had a Rhodes Scholar – my Dad’s older brother. His other brother Jack taught animal science at UBC for many years. And the daughters were both university educated in days when ladies on
“ Whether we like it or not governments have an important role in overseeing how the sector works and governments have to work with each other.
little longer – seven years in Ottawa. I wanted very much to get back to BC. At that time they were opening up a new position in agriculture in Victoria. I got the job and moved back into the agriculture world in BC as Regional Director for Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada in 1979. I was very lucky getting started pretty much right out of University. I hit the Director level at the age of 27. In fact, it was David Dodge, the same David Dodge who later became Governor of the Bank of Canada who promoted me to Regional Director,” John stated. John was involved with Steve Thomson in the formation of today’s BC Agriculture Council. It replaced the BC Federation of Agriculture. John stated support varied across
farms didn’t do that very much. So I certainly had an active agricultural background going way back. It was a great family to be part of,” says John. John’s Father and Mother wanted to establish their own farm, so when John was seven years old they bought a farm in the Courtenay area on Vancouver Island. “That is where I grew up and went to school. After finishing high school, I decided I wanted to stay active in agriculture so I went to UBC with the intent of returning to farming. However at university I started looking at other opportunities and decided in 1972 to work for the government. I went to Ottawa for a couple of years to see if I liked that kind of work and ended up staying a
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Answers on pg. 12
Down 1 Tavern 2 Half and half 3 Morse tap 4 Manicurist’s board
Continued: BERRY/ p11
True Colours Across 1 Spanish grocery 7 Slightly open 11 Neither vegetable nor mineral 12 Maize 13 State again 14 Cassowary’s cousin 15 Dried grape 17 Risqué 20 Piece of tack 23 In the past 24 Play part 25 Aquatic shocker 26 Elmer, to Bugs 27 Your of yore 28 Outback runner 29 Biblical boat 30 Something to lend 31 Curtain holder 32 Mischievous one 34 Nota ___ 35 Carpenter’s tool 37 Pudding fruit 39 Oozes 43 Ceremony 44 One way to ﬁx a shoe 45 Camp Swampy dog 46 Plot
the different commodity sectors as to what to do about a new province wide farm organization. “While there were differences of opinion there was agreement that there should be another umbrella farm organization. So the challenge was to try and find the common denominator. They asked me to facilitate the process because I had a bit of background and they had seen what we had gone through in forming the Investment Agriculture Foundation. We were able to follow a process that really brought people together for some brain storming and coming to a consensus and a very different kind of organization materialized. The group then decided to hire a consultant – Steve Thomson – to prepare a road map
for the new organization and he later became the Executive Director of BCAC, and today is a BC Liberal Cabinet Minister. Berry set a high standard while Regional Director for AAFC “I think the federal government – in fact governments generally – really need to work with the sector they serve. We have to work in ways that are going to be effective, because in the agri-food sector really you see a lot of integration – on the farm and through processors and retailers. Whether we like it or not governments have an important role in overseeing how the sector works and governments have to work with each other. The other part that is really important is having really good cooperation with federal and provincial folk as we work together in BC. It is also in the public’s interest that everyone works well together.” Eugene Whelan (the architect of supply management) is the one Federal Agriculture Minister that John remembers with a degree of fondness. “He had been Minister well before I was back in BC. But when I came back in 1979 he was on what he called his sabbatical when the Joe Clark government was in power. He stands out in my mind because he spent so much time out of Ottawa and he was always spending time in the regions. I spent a lot of time with
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AITC programs continue to expand
Conversation with John Berry
By Emma Sweeney
BERRY from p10
Special to The West Coast Farmer BC’s Agriculture in the Classroom Foundation brings BC agriculture to students in our elementary and high schools. Together through partnerships with various producers, AITC has developed programs that help educate students on the value of agriculture. Fruit and Vegetable Program
The School Fruit and Vegetable Nutritional Program is now serving fresh BC produce to 409,000 students in over 1300 schools throughout BC. The program is presented to BC K-12 public schools and First Nations schools as part of Healthy Families BC with funding from the BC Ministry of Health. In September 2011, First Nations Schools joined the program for the first time. Some of the schools are in very remote regions of the province but thanks to the program’s partners - Saputo BC, the Overwaitea Food Group as well as the program’s many volunteers - the product will be delivered. Take a Bite of BC
The program Take a Bite of BC partners with local suppliers and donates fresh, BC grown product to Secondary school teaching kitchens at no cost to schools over a four month period. There are over 30 supplier and/or commodity groups and associations that support and donate to this Program. With these generous product donations students learn the value of working with fresh BC product under the direction of their Chef Instructors which they serve to students. The program has been thriving and growing since it started as a pilot in 2009, and now includes 37 schools for the 2011/2012 year.
Spuds in Tubs
Students participating in the Spuds and Tubs program not only get to experience eating fresh potatoes, but they will be able to grow the plants themselves. The program gives teachers and their students the tools and directions to grow their very own potatoes. Through the planting and tending of the potatoes, students not only learn the value of growing their own food, but teachers can also connect the program to other areas of study such as science, math and language arts. A classroom starts by planting the seed potatoes in tubs of soil and carefully tending them until they are ready to be harvested. The program provides students with a hands-on approach to learning, letting them dig in the soil, and harvest their own produce at the end of the school year. Now in 198 schools for 2012, the program promotes the importance of growing food and gives students a better understanding of how farmers produce food. Community Garden
The Community Garden program lets students take a trip out to enjoy the many wonders of a growing garden. BCAITC has partnered with the Abbotsford Community Garden Society and the City of Abbotsford to encourage people of
all ages to participate in the growing of food. A large section of the garden was set aside for BCAITC to work with local schools. Students learn when to plant and how to weed and care for growing things. Summer Institute
This course is designed for teachers in the BC school system to explore practical ways to integrate concepts related to food production and consumption, food safety, agricultural issues, and sustainability across the curriculum at all grade levels. Through active participation, field trips, guest speakers, video presentations, and the like, participants will expand their knowledge of agriculture and food concepts and issues and reflect on their own values and orientations to the topic. The BC AITC Summer Institute is held in partnership with the UBC’s Faculty of Education Office of External Programs. The course offered this year will be held from July 23-27, 2012, in Abbotsford, BC. New for 2012
BC Agriculture in the Classroom will be partnering with Science World this June to bring programs that will enhance the students’ knowledge of agriculture and healthy eating.
him working in many areas. He was such a colorful character, a very interesting person indeed. And you could not miss seeing him coming. Everywhere he went he wore his big green stetson.” Later this month, the Regional Director’s positions in BC and Alberta/ North West Territories will be combined with the Alberta director Rodney Delugos heading up the combined regions. However the Vancouver office will continue to operate, although remaining personnel will be assuming some of the duties previously performed by John Berry. John is not planning to become a couch potato in his retirement years. “I have been very active in the volunteer world – I am involved in youth sports, in soccer, in baseball as President of the BC Amateur Baseball Association for the past six years. I am also involved with the New Westminster Rotary Club, and been on the board of a small hospital foundation. I have done a number of things outside the work world and I will continue to be active doing volunteer work. I would also like to continue doing some things in the agriculture sector. We still own our farm in the Courtenay area which we rent out, but we are not planning on returning to the Island. We prefer to continue to live in Burnaby.
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Canada doesn't need any lectures on food distribution It’s too bad Olivier de Schutter, UN Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food, didn’t spend more time during his recent visit to Canada looking at communities where agricultural production is both valued and central to local economies and where fishing rights are actually inclusive of First Nations, commercial and recreational fishers, depending on the seasonal abundance or scarcity of the resource. Of all the countries he could have visited for a right to food rant, I’m still not sure why he chose Canada. But Schutter levied some pretty heavy criticism on Canada (much to the feds’ scorn and the NDP and food rights activists’ delight) for our lack of a national strategy that would enable families to feed their children with a diet that meets their nutritional needs. But did his criticism take into account all the other complex socioeconomic variables that can lead to a lack of food on the table such as employment, transportation, and education? “Canada has long been seen as a land of plenty,” Schutter wrote in a press release. “Yet today one in ten families with a child under six is unable to meet their daily food needs. These rates of food insecurity are unacceptable and it is time for Canada to adopt a national right to food strategy. What I’ve seen in Canada is a system that presents barriers for the poor to access nutritious diets and that tolerates increased inequalities between rich and poor, and Aboriginal-non-Aboriginal peoples.” Increasing production of safe, local, affordable food that reduces the carbon footprint of long distance transportation
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Crossword Answers from page 10
B O D E A N I M R E T E R R A C Y A G O D O C A R K R A S C H A P L U M
G A L A A T E A M
A L L I S C H A L M E
A C R S I A D T Y R B E R X U
J O H N D E E R E
A R R N E A L E M O N
E L U D E
has been in the sights of many communities, none the least Chilliwack where the city has floated a new Agricultural Area Plan dovetailed with the city’s Community Plan with a focus on education, best Margaret production practices, EVANS and sustainability. Chilliwack’s heritage has been and continues to be truly agricultural with 800 farms generating $600 million in economic activity and supporting 4,500 jobs. The city has a population of some 80,000 with a land base of 25,900 hectares of which two-thirds are in agriculture with dominant activities being in dairy, poultry and nursery/greenhouse activities. Like many farmers in regional municipalities, Chilliwack farmers are well aware of the challenges to get product to market and healthy food on the table. In any production system, there are always flaws in the processing and delivery system and maybe we’re not keeping pace with demand as much as we could/should. But in the bigger picture, I hardly think Canada needs to be answerable to the U.N. and threatened with some tough questions for its agricultural policies and practices. Yes, there are regions in Canada where food must be flown or trucked in with resultant high costs to consumers. But Schutter forgets that in some regions of the country farmers and ranchers are challenged by landscape, water resources, overhead costs, and climate. Despite that, the push in the past decade has been to foster locally grown food when
Canada must continue to build trade deals with other countries: Etsell
D E S
TRADE from p6
COCHRANE & ASSOCIATES Certiﬁed General Accountant
products can be sold competitively at farmers’ markets, roadside stands and farm gates and where stores will carry locally grown and processed produce for reasonable prices.. Five years ago, the B.C. Ministry of Agriculture and Lands released its B.C.’s Food Self-Reliance report and even then it was clear that B.C. farmers could only produce 48 per cent of all food consumed in the province. It takes over half a hectare of farmland to produce food for one person for one year, sort of equivalent to six city blocks. And as the province’s population increases, the pressure will be constantly on to increase crop yield and hasten product to market. Yet on a national scale, Canada has the third largest amount of arable land per capita in the world behind Australia (which struggles with water supply) and Kazakhstan (which lacks substantial infrastructure). According to the report Sector in Decline or Industry of the Future: The Choice is Ours published last year by the Ottawa-based Macdonald-Laurier Institute, we are at a crossroad of either being leaders in food production or lagging behind because we lack innovation, research and development. That’s fixable, but requires a federal re-set. Harper’s government recently made wide-sweeping cuts in all ministries to meet budget restraints. Those cuts will complicate progress and will likely end up counter-productive to long range investment in leading-edge agricultural and food policies that allow Canada to be competitive in world markets. And that is all part of putting food on the table.
The federal government has been very active over the past year in particular, in entering into new trading partnerships and free trade agreements with as many countries as possible. The biggest agreement, still in the negotiation stage, is the CanadaEurope free trade agreement, and of course the TPP (the Trans-Pacific Partnership) with Asia. But Etsell cautions not to put too large an emphasis on Asian trade, or Canada could end up where it did with the US. Canada must continue to build trade deals with as many other countries as possible.
Growing Forward Two, the new Federal Agriculture Policy will be implemented by next year. Etsell doesn’t anticipate any massive changes to the federal guidelines. The reason he says that is because there is going to be a cutback in the federal allocation of dollars, that’s a given he says. “Ottawa is in a hurry to implement the new agreement because they don’t want a transition year like they had with Growing Forward 1. And if they are going to do that they have to have an agreement signed by this coming September with the Ministers so that the program is implemented by the following April 2013. You can’t do that with any massive change.”
Ingratta looks forward “A strategic plan is important for us and we will be having a meeting next month with our board experts. I have already surveyed the industry to determine what they think the future should look like and to come up with challenges the board needs to address. What will be our priorities, what is the vision going to look like – that will be our strategic plan for the future. “The second part is how do we organize ourselves once we have the strategic plan in place and the strategies that we will be following. How do we organize people around our work? How do we develop the people and the skills to not only meet the needs of today, but also the needs of tomorrow? The third part is enabling a growth agenda that secures our base while providing industry growth through innovation and renewal. “My goal is to get what I have outlined put together by August of this year even though it may take another year to fine tune everything.” On the subject of Canada’s supply management system Ingratta does not agree with rumors that it could be the next to go with the federal government recently dissolving the Canadian Wheat Board. “There has always been a lot of pressure for change. Trade is an important area that we need to think through. Part of what I am working on now is trying to think through a trade strategy for the future – an Asian strategy as well – what is going to happen with the TPP (Trans Pacific Partnership) agreement which Canada wants to be part of. He noted that the Federal and Provincial governments have com-
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• Passenger • Light & Medium Trucks • Custom Wheels • Mechanical 44408 Yale Road West., CHILLIWACK 604.795.3388 975 Coutts Way, ABBOTSFORD 604.853.5981
INGRATTA from p9
We’re here to
mitted to, and stated their strong support for supply management. “There is going to be a continuing need for expansion of trade including domestic trade across Canada as well as internationally. Not just with the U.S., but also in the Asian Pacific corridor as well, where we have an opportunity to maximize our trade agreements. As we reflect upon trade issues, we need to understand that it is a fundamental pillar of supply management. Another is meeting consumer demand and the third is managing the right price so that farmers can be profitable and stay in business. I think we have done a good job of finding the right balance.” Ingratta says the Board is now in the midst of negotiating a national pooling (P10) system for milk. “We are trying to sort through how we can best manage risk and supply to ensure we are meeting customer demand. We also have trade changes that are happening and how do we accommodate those and maintain support for our domestic industry. Those are tremendous challenges we are going to be sorting through in our new strategic plan.” Ingratta says, "What I have learned as an ex-farm boy and what he has seen in his short time in his new position is that farmers are the most innovative, entrepreneurial people in the world and are up for the challenge! “My key goal is to develop a new 2020 strategic plan that creates a clear path for the next eight to ten years. We know change is going to happen – change is the one thing that is constant in this world. And it is better that we be competitive and ready to address those challenges rather than wait for someone to tell us what we are going to do.”
Need funding for a dairy project? Direc is the Dairy Industry Research and Education Committee. It comprises dairy producers from across the province along with industry affiliate representatives from across the province, including feed industry reps, DHIA, computer resource personnel, and the Ministry of Agriculture. Direc is not a new organization. It evolved out of DERA, the Dairy Education and Research Association which was part of the South Coast Dairy Education and Research Association. It is now its own independent provincial organization. It’s mandate is to fund projects that will benefit dairy producers in BC. In order for a project to be funded proponents must show how their project will benefit the province, and how they plan to inform producers about what they have learned once the project is complete. Individuals or organizations wishing to apply for Direc funding should use the application form which can be found on the BC Dairy Association web site. The application form is very clearly laid out. Applicants need to include a budget, how and where they may be getting any other money from, a time-line that shows how you want to do your research, how are you going to communicate that research information to dairy producers in the province, and how it will benefit producers in the long term. There are also a few questions pertaining to the applicant to be answered as well. The funds we allocate from Direc are usually pro-
vided through the Investment Agriculture Foundation of BC (IAFBC) or through Westgen Development Fund. Direc’s startup funding came from those previous organizations which have been merged into the current organization. Some of our funds also come from BC Dairy Expo that we work together with the Ministry and we make a little bit of money off that. And then the BC Dairy Association kicks in about $15,000 each year. And that gives us about a $100,000. to work with right now. Direc funds some special projects annually. It is a consistent donor to the UBC Chair; and we are a consistent donor to the Pacific Field Corn Association. As far as being Innovative with our funding, Anaerobic Digestion is one area we will support as it provides a solution to the effluent problem on dairy farms as well as creates renewable energy for use on the farm. Currently Direc is working with the dairy industry to better prepare producers to deal with hoof health problems. Carla Soutar, the Communications Coordinator for the BC Dairy Association says Direc is seeking applications for its funding, and if anyone knows someone who wishes to do a research project and requires funding assistance, he or she can apply by submitting an application (again available on BC Dairy Association web site) and ask for their support. DIREC is eager to support worthwhile projects.
Lameness: A key concern in the dairy industry Lameness is the No, 1 animal welfare issue facing the North American dairy industry. It was the topic at the BC Dairy Expo this year, and more recently the subject during a series of Hoof Health seminars held in Nanaimo, Abbotsford, and Salmon Arm. It has also been studied at the UBC Dairy Education and Research center in Agassiz where it was determined that lameness is painful, and cases can last from weeks to months. Severe cases that do not improve can result in the cow being culled from the herd. Cows experiencing pain are less likely to show signs of estrus, such as mounting and standing for mounting, since these behaviors are likely to induce further pain. A growing body of research is showing that problems with cow comfort can increase the risk of lameness. In particular, increased time spent standing outside stalls on wet concrete and in manure slurry is associated with higher rates of lameness. There is also now increasing evidence that lameness may be triggered during the transition period (generally accepted as the period beginning 3 weeks before and ending 3 weeks after calving). Physiological and behavior-
McCLARY STOCKYARDS LTD.
al changes during transition can damage the corium (the tissue that produces healthy hooves). This damage is not immediately apparent but results in poor hoof growth. The natural cycle of hoof growth and wear means that the damaged sections take 2-3 months before they become visible on the surface of the sole as hemorrhages and ulcers. This means that lameness cases that emerge during mid-lactation may have been triggered by changes that occurred during the transition period months earlier. Two recent studies at the University of British Columbia’s Dairy Education and Research Centre in Agassiz were designed to investigate behaviors during transition associated with lameness and hoof lesions in lactating dairy cows. All of the cows in these studies were housed in free stalls. In one study researchers at Agassiz measured the standing behavior of Holstein cows for 2 weeks before calving. They used video cameras to score where cows were standing (feeder, the feed alley, the alley adjacent to the stalls or in the stall). When cows were in the stall, they recorded if
they were perching with two fore feet in the stall or standing fully in the stall. They also scored their hoof health for 3 months after calving. At the seminars organized by the BC Dairy Hoof Health group 36 took in the Nanaimo session, 116 at Abbotsford, and another 43 in Salmon Arm for a total of 195. Organizers were quite happy with the turnout which included producers, hoof trimmers, veterinarians, industry reps, and some research students. Ninety-One percent of those who attended the seminars say they now have a greater awareness of the significance of dairy cattle lameness. Planning is now underway for a Dairy Housing Design Conference this coming November 13 to 15. This will be an in-depth workshop on Robotic milking systems, and what producers should know about housing design and managing robotic dairy systems vs traditional milking systems. IAF-BC, the Westgen Endowment Fund, and the BC Dairy Industry Research and Education committee along with both the Federal and Provincial Ministries of Agriculture provided financial support for the seminars.
Sale Days: Monday - Slaughter, Feeder & Misc. Livestock 11:00 AM start. Wednesday: Dairy and Slaughter 1:00 PM start
SLAUGHTER CATTLE (Prices Quoted CWT)
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Choice Holstein Veal .................................... (600-700) ...................................................................... $110.00 -121.00 Holstein Feeder Veal .................................... (175-300) ..................................................................... $111.00 - 121.00 Good Beef Type Cows .................................. (Exportable) ................................................................... $72.00 - 80.00 Medium Beef Type Cows............................. Cows............................. (Over 10 Years Old) ....................................................... $62.00 - 71.00 Young Cows and Heiferettes............................................................................................................... Heiferettes............................................................................................................... None On Offer Best Holstein Cows ................................................................................................................................ $72.00 - 81.00 Medium Holstein Cows ........................................................................................................................... $60.00 - 71.75 Poor Holstein Cows .................................................................................................................................. under $59.00 Holstein Heifers........................................................................................................................................ $73.00 - 79.00 Slaughter Bulls .............................................. (1200-2400) ..................................................................... $83.00 - 93.00 Good Slaughter Lambs................................. (80-100) ....................................................................... $125.00 - 150.00 Good Slaughter Goats .................................. (67 lbs) .......................................................................... $50.00 - 175.00 Good Slaughter Horses................................ (800-1200) ....................................................................... $15.00 - 32.00
Join us every Monday afternoon after 2:00 PM at the Fraser Valley’s premiere golf course.FollowingyourroundenjoyamemoͲ rabledinnerinthe19thHoleLounge,featurͲ ing Chilliwack’s largest and most scenic greensidepatio.
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Bred Cows .......................................................................................................................................... $880.00 - 1050.00 Cow Calf Pairs ................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................$1375.00 $1375.00 Beef Type Calves .......................................... (200-399) ..................................................................... $143.00 - 160.00 Beef Type Steers........................................... (400-600) ..................................................................... $135.00 - 155.00 Beef Type Steers........................................... (600-800) ..................................................................... $125.00 - 150.00 Beef Type Steers........................................... (800-950) ..................................................................... $110.00 - 127.50 Beef Type Steers........................................... (1000-1250) ................................................................... $95.00 - 110.50 Beef Type Heifers ......................................... (400-600) ..................................................................... $135.00 - 155.00 Beef Type Heifers ......................................... (600-800) ..................................................................... $110.00 - 140.00 Beef Type Heifers ......................................... (800-950) ....................................................................... $98.00 - 115.00 Beef Type Heifers ......................................... (1000-1250) ................................................................... $90.00 - 100.00
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BABY CALVES (By The $) Started Holstein Bulls (4 Weeks Old+) ............................................................................................ $110.00 - 197.00 Good Holstein Bulls (100 lbs+) ............................................................................................................. $60.00 - 100.00 Small Holstein Bulls................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................$$ 20.00 - 50.00
DAIRY REPLACEMENT - Wednesday (ALL COWS CMT TESTED - HEIFERS VET CHECKED)
McCLARY STOCKYARDS LTD. • 34559 McClary Ave, Abbotsford • 604-864-2381 w w w. m c c l a r y s t o c k y a r d s . c o m
Good Fresh & 2nd Calvers ............................................................................................................. $1500.00 - 1975.00 Springing Holstein Heifers ............................................................................................................. $1200.00 - 1600.00 3rd & 4th Lactation Cows ................................................................................................................. $900.00 - 1300.00 Good Open Heifers ....................................... (630 - 800) ................................................................... $700.00 - 950.00 Good Open Heifers ....................................... (840 - 970) ................................................................. $990.00 - 1050.00
Forreservationscall604.823.6521press1 OrBookOnlineatwww.chilliwackgolf.com Pricedoesnotincludeapplicabletax 41894YaleRoadWest,Chilliwack,BC
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Up to $20/hr
SERVICE TECHNICIAN required for local HVAC company. Experience a must. Top wages and beneﬁts. Please fax resume to: 604-792-4440 or email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Hiring 12 f/t CSR reps
Must be outgoing and motivated!
Call Rochelle 604.777.2195 STRUCTURLAM PRODUCTS Ltd., located in beautiful Penticton, B.C. is seeking experienced Timber Framers. For more information and to apply, please visit our website @ email@example.com
COMPETITIVE SALARY & BENEFITS OFFERED
E-mail resume: firstname.lastname@example.org or call: 604-278-1824 HEAVY DUTY OR COMMERCIAL TRANSPORT MECHANIC Wanted with minimum 2nd year apprentice for an East Abbotsford shop. Work includes farm equipment, commercial vehicles, & inspections. Inspectors certiﬁcate is an asset. Regular hours and beneﬁts. Please Email resume to: email@example.com
An Alberta Construction Company is hiring dozer, excavator and labour/rock truck operators. Preference will be given to operators that are experienced in oilﬁeld road and lease construction. Lodging and meals provided. The work is in the vicinity of Edson, Alberta. Call Contour Construction at 780-723-5051.
An employment service assisting employers and job seekers. Ph: (604)823-6222 www.agri-labourpool.com
Tree removal done RIGHT! • Tree & Stump Removal • Certiﬁed Arborists • 20 yrs exp. • 60’ Bucket Truck • Crown Reduction • Spiral Pruning • Land Clearing • Selective Logging ~ Fully Insured • Best Rates ~
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Australian Shepherds, P/B, 7 wks, shots, worming, reg parents, $500. Call (604)791-1215
BLUE PITBULL Pups genetics/ razoredge UKC reg, 4m, 2 f, 9/wks. $600-$1000. 778-237-2824
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Call us for free information. Our friendly staff will review your options for dealing with unpaid bills.
#9-45966 Yale Rd, Chilliwack Wihnan Trustee Corp Trustees in Bankruptcy
HOME/BUSINESS SERVICES 281
Always! Pwr. raking, grass cutting, fertilizing, hedging, pruning, Rubbish rem. Free Est. 604-230-0627
283 GUTTERS & DOWNSPOUTS GUTTER Cleaning Service, Repairs Free Est, 20 yrs exp, Rain or shine. 7 days/week. Simon 604-230-0627
WG DRYWALL, renos, repairs, TBar ceiling & texture. 20 yrs exp. Walter, (604)795-9074/604-997-9074
CAIRN Terriers. Shots, dewormed. Ready to go to good homes. $650: 604-807-5204. CATS OF ALL DESCRIPTION in need of caring homes! All cats are Spayed, neutered, vaccinated and dewormed. Visit us at fraservalleyhumanesociety.com or call 1 (604)820-2977
English bulldogs: 1 rare black tri, $3500, ckc reg.; 1 rare blck/whte tri, $2500, females. (604)791-1215 shamrocksuniquebulldogs.com FILA GUARD DOGS. Excellent Loyal Family Pet, all shots Great Protectors! Ph 604-817-5957. Golden Retriever, 1 male/1 female, 2 & 3 yrs old, good temperament. $150. (604)795-0118 No Sun calls NEWFOUNDLAND pups, P/B. 2 male, 1blk, 1brwn. $1000 (604)8191466. No Sunday calls TOY POODLE puppies. 1 apricot, 1 white, both male. Adorable. $700. 778-240-2400 (Cloverdale)
MERCHANDISE FOR SALE 563
Buying Old Coins: Can + USA $1, 50¢, 25¢, 10¢, Gold, Sets Local Collector 604-701-8041
604-241-5301 or firstname.lastname@example.org CLASS ADS WORK! CALL 1-866-575-5777
Farm & Ranch by Better Homes and Gardens Real Estate Signature Service 1-866-345-3414
604-241-5301 or email@example.com
1981- 8’10” Vanguard Camper. Fully loaded and exceptionally clean, well maintained. Call for details. $2300 obo. (604)796-9612
CARS - DOMESTIC
1992 CADILLAC FLEETWOOD, Immaculate condition. Loaded, sunroof. Bose gold stereo. 58,000 org. mls. $4000. 604-532-8040.
WANT TO REACH THE REST
1998 Pontiac Grand Am, 4dr, auto, Aircared. $950. obo. 604-832-8944. 2001 CHEV CAVALIER, 5spd manual, 4dr, low kms, new aircare, $2450 ﬁrm. 604-538-4883
821 CARS - SPORTS & IMPORTS 2001 VOLKSWAGEN JETTA, 1.8T turbo, 4 dr sedan, std, all options, exc cond. $5300 obo 604-780-8404
847 SPORT UTILITY VEHICLES 1997 Toyota 4Runner Ltd. loaded, 350,000k, easy hwy kms, 1 owner $6,400. Dale, 604-220-5005 2002 KIA SPORTAGE 4 X 4, green 181,000 kms. Aircared for 2 years $3,000. Call 604-832-0839.
TRUCKS & VANS
1988 CHEVY SILVERADO 2500, 3/4 ton, loaded, a/c, Air Cared, premium cond. 178K. $3500 obo (778)565-4334
OF CANADA? Advertise in 600+ community newspapers across Cananda. Call 1 - 8 6 6 - 5 7 5 - 5 7 7 7
1998 CADILLAC D Ellegance, 107 km, 4 dr sedan, fully loaded, Aircrd to 2013. Very clean. Exc. runner. $3700 ﬁrm. Call 604-534-0923
2000 Dodge Grand Caravan GTRV conversion, 1st class cond, sleeps 4, det gas stove, ac/dc elec fridge, sink, water system, storage, 1 owner, all repair/maint records, RV class for insurance purposes, camping gear avail. $7000. (604)858-0622 2004 ITASCA SPIRIT 29.4 ft. Class C motorhome, 50,000km. 2 slide outs, awnings, generator & ext. warranty. Exc. cond. $39,900. 604856-8177 / 604-308-5489(Aldergrv) 2007 NASH, 23’ ﬁfth wheel, great cond., low mileage, loaded, dry weight 4900 lb, 1/2 Ton towable, $11,400, clear title. Call (604)8604335 for more details. 2008 FREEDOM SPIRIT 20’ travel trailer, like new, hardly used, a/c, f/s, dble bed, dble sink, nook, couch 2 prop tanks/2 batteries, $10,500 obo. Must sell. (604)581-5117
1997 VENTURA Mini Van, like new cond in/out, loaded, tinted windows, 4 16” extra new high performance tires on allied wheel avail. $350. AirCared. Picture avail. $1200. 604-9968734. 2000 DURANGO 4X4, loaded, seats 7, AirCrd, exc. cond. $4100 obo. Call 604-780-8404 2003 CHEVY VENTURE LS, 7 passenger, auto, 5 door, 189K, $3500 obo (604)298-2659 2004 FORD PREVIA, 4 dr, fully loaded, air cared, LIKE EW. $2600 obo. Phone 604-504-0932
2007 Honda Civic DXG 5 speed standard, 2 dr., grey, 135K, p/w, p/l, a/c, am/fm/cd, no acc. $10,000 604-793-3819 6-9pm
WANTED: 1980-1981 Celica GT liftback, 5-spd; or a 1979-1981 Supra 5-spd. Cell 250-307-1215.
1991 SUNCREST, 34’ Sunliner M/H, basement mod, just like an apt. $9000obo. Call (604)869-3355
MERCURY D300 inﬂatable boat with trailer, Mercury 9.8 motor, and lots of extras. $2200 obo. Call 604-853-2291 Abbotsford.
2001 VICTORY CRUISER deluxe 46,000 kms. 1500 cc, 80 H/P $6,500. Call 604-534-2503.
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PCL Constructors Westcoast Inc is seeking skilled Formwork Carpenters and apprentices for projects in the GVRD. Good knowledge of commercial construction forming systems/ processes and training in Fall Pro, Scissor Lift an asset. Send resume via fax:
Farms & Ranches for Sale! 329 PAINTING & DECORATING
COCKER SPANIEL Puppies Family raised – pure bred, no papers, $500. (604) 888-0832
PCL Constructors Westcoast Inc is seeking skilled Tower Crane RIGGERS for projects in the GVRD. Rigging ticket, experience on a commercial construction site working under a crane is required. Send resume via fax:
www.treeworksonline.ca firstname.lastname@example.org 10% OFF with this AD
DEBT CONSOLIDATION PROGRAM
AIRLINES ARE HIRING- Train for high paying Aviation Maintenance Career. FAA approved program. Financial aid if qualiﬁed- Housing available. CALL Aviation Institute of Maintenance (877)818-0783
West Yale Auto & Conversion Ltd. General repairs to rebuilding. We do it all! (604)793-9310
WANT TO MAKE $3,500 per week in your spare time? No experience necessary. Watch both of my free webinars at www.madverts.org. Recorded msg (760-569-6493)
Heavy Duty Mechanic Our client, a Langley based international venture is looking for an experienced Heavy Duty Mechanic who will be responsible for assembling, installing & testing drive train & transmission equip. This is an indoor role for someone who enjoys daily challenges that come with working on new and innovative technologies.
PHONE: 604-702-5550 OR FAX: 604-702-5542
“ ABOVE THE REST “ Int. & Ext., Unbeatable Prices, Professional Crew. Free Est. Written Guarantee. No Hassle, Quick Work, Insured, WCB. Call (778)997-9582
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FOR SALE BY OWNER
ALDERGROVE 7 bdrm, 4 bath, 9 yrs old, 2 a/g stes on 1st ﬂoor, 4 bdrms up, open concept kitchen with island, crown moldings, south backyrd. RV access. $579,900. Offers. (604)856-4721
A-TECH Services 604-996-8128 Running this ad for 8yrs
PAINT SPECIAL 3 rooms for $299, 2 coats any colour (Ceiling & Trim extra) Price incls Cloverdale Premium quality paint. NO PAYMENT until Job is completed. Ask us about our Laminate Flooring, Carpet Cleaning & Maid Service! www.paintspecial.com
353 ROOFING & SKYLIGHTS Mainland Rooﬁng Ltd.
25 yrs in rooﬁng industry
Family owned & operated. Fully insured. We do Cedar Shakes, conversions, concrete tiles, torchon, ﬁbreglass shingles, restoration & repairs. 20 yr labour warranty. 604-723-2626 mainlandrooﬁngltd@gmail.com
359 SAND, GRAVEL & TOPSOIL Always! deliver Top soil, bark mulch, sand & gravel. 7days/wk. Simon 604-230-0627 will spread
1976 CADILLAC Eldorado conv. 40,000 org. miles, must see, like new $22,000 obo. 604-576-4385.
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