Coast Mountain News Thursday, April 12, 2012
$1.00 + HST Vol. 28 | No. 8 Thursday, April 12, 2012
Serving the Bella Coola Valley eyy and the Chilcotin
Gary Coons comments on JRP hearings in Bella Bella
Kevin O’Neill photo
Holy tomato! It's that time of year again, when gardeners start to plan out their crops. Join the local agricultural community at the Plant Swap in front of Hagensborg Shop Easy on April 22 to share seeds and stories.
The “seeds” of humanity KEVIN O’NEILL When I mustered up enough courage to venture downstairs and survey the incredible havoc wreaked by the 2010 flood, I think I actually looked first at the garden. Several small red dots poking through the silt blanket indicated that at least some of my late tomato crop remained. It was not until minutes had passed that I realized that the large greenhouse that served as their deluxe accommodation was completely gone, broken into pieces and deposited in the woods west of the garden. My long mesh fence, abso-
lutely loaded with runner and pole beans, was also gone, draped around pieces of the greenhouse. That fence carried future seed stock for several varieties I’d been saving for more than thirty years. Happily, after hosing off inches of oily silt, the pods beneath actually matured enough seed for my needs. While this in itself says a lot about the tenacity of things so small and humble that we often take them for granted, I wondered why seed saving had become so very important to me. Part of me wishes I could tell you that I was raised on a rural farm and learned about
such things from my parents and relatives. But I grew up in the bowels of New York City, where the only dirt I ever saw was on a baseball diamond in Central Park. Had I even wanted to explore further the park's nether regions of greenery, it simply would’ve been too dangerous in the 60s; police regularly interrupted our ball games to send us home well before dark for our own safety! A lot has been written lately about the inestimable value of bio-diversity in all things, plant varieties included. I won’t repeat any of this here, except to illustrate the point by noting that seed catalogues from
one hundred years ago commonly contained roughly nine times the varieties of garden vegetables as similar catalogues today; for example, an unbelievable 520 varieties of the lowly cabbage have been reduced today to a miniscule 28! Who knew? Sadly, virtually all of these old varieties are now extinct. I say “sadly” because each and every variety possesses within its tiny seed unique genetic characteristics specific to its area of origin. No less a magazine than National Geographic recently opined that “the best hope for securing food’s future may depend on our ability to preserve the
locally cultivated foods of the past.” As an Irishman who undoubtedly lost many ancestors to that great famine caused by a total dependence on one particular variety of potato to the exclusion of many others, I see our current agricultural practices condemning us all to a repeat performance. Alternatively, saving seeds from peas and beans, lettuce and heirloom tomatoes, keeps local varieties alive and gene pools expanding. And it directly connects you to that observant individual who first noticed SEE PLANT ON PAGE 3
Coast Mountain News Thursday, April 12, 2012
Tahirih Goffic Holy Name of Mary Catholic Church
Visual Artist April 21 & 22, 10:00 - 4:00 @ The Art House
Call Susan to con¿rm 250-799-5618
Sincerely, Greg Matthews and family
Summer Job Tweedsmuir Travel is looking for two (2) reliable people for directing ferry traffic in Bella Coola. The position runs from mid-June through mid-September. Working hours: 5:45 am – 7:45 am, three (3) days a week. For more information please contact: Tweedsmuir Travel in Bella Coola Phone: (250) 799-5638, or visit in person at 618 Cliff Street Our new location is next to the Post Office
ATTENTION PILOTS AND MARINERS:
Dr. David Dahlstrom
Emmanuel Church Bella Coola Sunday Service 7pm
will be in Bella Coola May 1, 2012 to conduct Ministry of Transport Medical Examinations for Pilots and Mariners. Please make an appointment by phoning 250 961 0491 or email at email@example.com
Bella Coola Seventh-Day Adventist Church Saturday Service Song & Bible Study For Adults & Children 9:30 am Sabbath School Program 10 am Bible Study Church Service 11 am Bella Coola Adventist Academy Offers a Christian Learning Environment for Grades K - 9 Grades 10 - 12 Distance Learning through West Coast Adventist School Principal Rob Parker 799 5910
Let us Advertise Your Church Services
Call us at 250-982-2696 Or fax 250-982-2512
• Thank you • We would like to give a huge “Thank-you” to all the hospital staff for your care and skill in saving my life. I didn’t realize how sick I was, and if it wasn’t for the amazing doctors and nurses I probably wouldn’t have made it. We are so lucky to have this hospital and staff.
Sunday Communion Service 10:30AM Monthly Mass Saturday Evening 6:00PM
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NOOSATSUM WATERWORKS DISTRICT
NOTICE OF ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING The annual general meeting of the Noosatsum Waterworks District will be held on Monday, April 16, 2012 at 7pm in the Noosatsum Fire Hall. Agenda details and financial statements will be available at the meeting. Call 250-982-2518 for additional information.
Festival of the Arts
April 25 - 26 Lobelco Hall Bands ~ Drama Instruments ~ Dance Speech Arts ~ Vocal Open to anyone in the community. For further information, contact Heather at 982-2355
Digital Story Screening and Community Dinner April 17th 5:00pm - 7:30pm at Lobelco Hall
Dinner and bus provided Free admission Come and learn about a new 3 year digital storytelling project being offered by the community group PHLAG (Promoting Healthy Living Action Group) in partnership with Bella Coola Valley Learning Society, and funded by Vancouver Coastal Health. Watch a variety of digital stories including the National Film Board of Canada’s project, ‘Our World Bella Coola’. Also featured will be ‘Cry Rock’, written and produced by local artist Banchi Hanuse. Sign up for free workshops to create your own stories and support us in our efforts to create an archive of local knowledge.
Contact Sarah Gowans for more info: Ph: (250) 999 4679 or (250) 878 8313 Email: email@example.com or leave a message for Sarah at the New Leaf Learning Centre at 250-799-5822. For bus pick up, phone 250-799-0079 by 6pm on the 16th of April.
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The Bella Coola Valley Arts Council presents:
Coast Mountain News Thursday, April 12, 2012
Plant swap at Shop Easy on April 22 CONTINUED FROM
some 10,000 years ago that one among hundreds of wild wheat plants didn’t scatter its seeds at the very point of ripening. The simple act of saving the seeds from these “rogue” plants enabled easy harvest and created a revolution! While my own runner bean seed, saved from the earliest germinating plants with the longest and straightest pods, is admittedly unlikely to spur a similar revolution any time soon, in the words of any lottery ticket seller, “you just never know”… But what I do know is that saving seeds helps me in a small but significant way to feel truly “human”. Today that designation carries all too many negative connotations, from the introduction of myriad toxic chemicals into our environment to the rapid cli-
mate changes we are imposing on all corners of the world, even our own! I think being human still carries an obligation to undertake something at once creative and beneficial. A small group of dedicated gardeners is trying to establish a local seed bank in the interest of preserving vegetable varieties that thrive in this valley’s unique micro-climate. On April 22, I will be at the annual plant swap at Hagensborg Shop-Easy with some seed samples to give away and to hopefully hear your stories about old valley vegetable varieties. If you have been saving seed from that special bean or squash for decades, please consider donating some to our seed bank so other valley gardeners can benefit from the wisdom your plants contain. Otherwise, as you peruse another “crop” of glossy seed cata-
logues, ponder growing a non-hybrid vegetable or two each year from which you can save seed should it perform well here. Each season, I try to plant an open pollinated variety of a “glamour” veggie like bell peppers, tomatoes or sweet corn. An heirloom Hungarian pepper has proven a great success for me, growing very large and tasty while turning red well before the hybrids I was used to growing. This year I will trial one of the first new open pollinated sweet corn varieties to come along in decades. I have high hopes… gardeners always do! Finally, I have saved the best for last. I try not to notice each year how expensive seeds are becoming, but I am gratified to realize how much saving is represented by those bulging bags of pea and bean seed that I’ve gathered from
my own garden. Every year I hear complaints from at least one gardener about that expensive packet of bean seed, so lovingly planted out, that rudely failed to germinate. Because most seed stocks are grown in places like Idaho (for obvious reasons), imported seeds take one quick look at our weather and book the next available flight south! I trick my imports that first year by germinating them indoors in an old lasagna pan filled with potting soil before consigning them to an outdoor fate. But after just one generation, seeds saved from these “foreigners” will adapt and germinate perfectly the next season. Amazing! By the way, I have been known to talk to my germinating seeds as well as growing plants. I figure this is all good, just as long as I don’t hear them talking back!
Many issues on the table for Hagensborg Water District AGM CHRISTINA BOUCHER For the past several years, the Hagensborg Water District (HWD) Board of Trustees has been tasked with responding to the increased pressure from Vancouver Coastal Health Authority (VCHA) to move away from the Boil Advisory, and install a treatment or filtration system to the water supply. Compliance to the Drinking Water Protection Act (2001) and Drinking Water Protection Regulations (2003) requires HWD to deliver water that is up to provincial regulations, or “potable.” In 2008, BC’s Ombudsman issued a strong recommendation that the Health Authorities begin enforcing the Act and Regulations. This enforcement could translate to hefty fines for non-compliant water systems. A small water system is exempt from Section 6 - 3.1 (b) of the Act if: each recipi-
ent of the water from the system has a point of entry or point of use treatment system that makes the water potable. HWD community members were not in favor of chlorine or other chemical treatment and tasked the Board with completing a cost analysis of a point-of-entry (POE) UV filtration system. Another stopping point for chlorination is the downstream location of the Snootli Hatchery, which makes it vulnerable to potential chlorine spills. HWD members can expect to hear and participate in discussion regarding three outstanding capital projects at the AGM April 19th at 7:30 PM in the District’s Fire Hall. First, the HWD is in the midst of implementing the POE system pilot project. Second, the main dam and water intake are aging, and in need of repair. Third, the concrete-asbestos main pipeline is 50 years old and in need
of replacement. Members attending the AGM will hear details on the current status of the POE project which will see seven homes and three businesses hooked up with a POE UV filtration unit. VCHA has approved the residential POE units for the pilot project. Performance of the units will be monitored for two years, and the data will be used to understand the maintenance costs. This information will be brought back to the community prior to embarking on the installation of the POE system for community final approval. The HWD is currently waiting for VCHA approval of construction permits for the installation of the POE domestic and commercial units from the VCHA engineer. VCHA Medical Health Officer Dr. Paul Martiquet met with Trustees back in July 2010, and expressed support for the POE project.
He provided a Letter of Support for the HWD’s application for the Gas Tax General Strategic Priorities Fund (GSPF) and Innovations Fund (IF). The application was submitted in April 2011, but was not considered by the granting committee. This funding may be available again in 2014, at which time HWD intends to reapply. Some good news on the horizon for HWD is a potential partnership with the Department of Fisheries and Oceans (DFO). DFO is currently in the process of approving upgrades to Snootli Hatchery. If approved this project may have the potential to provide upgrades to Snootli Hatchery and Hagensborg Water District (HWD) water supplies that will be beneficial to both parties. As a result of this potential partnership project, which involves the HWD water intake and dam, the costs of repairs
to these structures will be offset to a large degree, and will offset future maintenance costs of the structures in sharing costs with DFO. If the working relationship between HWD and the Hatchery allow for increased integration, VCHA has given approval for HWD to tap into Hatchery well water during high water turbidity events. This will mean less silt in the water system and less maintenance on the POE filter system from turbidity events. Also on the agenda for the AGM is a draft long-term capital development budget. Discussion of the draft projected budget will include costs of funding the water treatment system, fire truck replacement, dam repair and pipeline replacement. HWD Trustee Ken Dunsworth emphasizes: “The HWD users need to know that we are focused, on track, and within budget with the development of POE water treatment sys-
tem. “People want assurance that we’re doing our homework, that were working for the community, and that we’re not going to leave the community with debt. “I am adamant as a Trustee that the Board will not spend any of our members’ money on capital improvements until we have VCHA approval for commercial POE units and construction permits in hand. We currently have the approval for the pilot project POE units (UV light and filters) for residential homes and are well into the process of securing approval for the commercial units.” Currently, fees collected that have been paid by the community of water users are sitting in the bank, waiting for the completion of the POE pilot project and the understanding of the maintenance costs. At the 2010 AGM it was stated that this project would be at least a six-year “pay as you
go” POE UV filtration system project, which Dr. Martiquet agreed to. Dunsworth indicates, “This is the time for fiscal responsibility and restraint. The HWD will not borrow any funding to implement the water treatment legal requirement.” The collection of user fees and design of an action plan, the design of a POE system, and the approval for the pilot project show that HWD is working toward compliance with the Drinking Water Protection Act; these actions prevent VCHA from imposing fines on the District under this Act as the District is taking reasonable measures toward compliance. Other items to be discussed at the AGM include review of amendments to some HWD bylaws on proceed with administering user fees to community organizations scheduled for commercial water treatment from on the HWD system.
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Coast Mountain News Thursday, April 12, 2012
Local telehealth services increase access to mental health care CHRISTINA BOUCHER For the past four years, the Bella Coola General Hospital Mental Health department has hosted one of the only programs in the province that offers limited videoconference access to psychologists with little or no cost to the client. Recently, an evaluation of the program revealed overwhelming client satisfaction. Since 2007, the Bella Coola General Hospital (BCGH) Mental Health Department has been offering mental health services to people in the Bella Coola Valley. Psychiatrist Dr. Charles Brasfield began offering service in January 2007, and several psychologists began to provide services in September 2007. All services are offered through the North Shore Stress and Anxiety Clinic (NSSAC) in North Vancouver. Funding for the program has come from BCGH, Vancouver Coastal Health (VCHA) and the Ministry of Health (MOH). Supports and partners in this distribution of service include VCH Telehealth Coordination, BCGH Administration, NSSAC, Cisco-Tandberg, BCGH Mental Health Services, Telus, the Bella Coola Medical Clinic, and the people served. The main manager and facilitator of these services in Bella Coola is Carole Clark, BCGH Mental Health manager. Services available to residents of the Bella Coola Valley include psychiatric and psychological assessment and counseling. Psychiatrist and founder of the NSSAC Dr. Charles Brasfield has been working in health care for over 30 years, and has taken a special interest in Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) as well as clients
working through what he has referred to as Residential School Syndrome. Although Residential School Syndrome is not currently classified in the current Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM), the text used by mental health professionals to diagnose and treat mental health conditions, Brasfield has long advocated for awareness of the health repercussions associated with personal or vicarious experience of attending residential schools and subsequent exposure to trauma. In addition to psychiatric services provided by Brasfield, there are five psychologists working out of the NSSAC that all have different specializations. Some work with children, some with adults. Some work in addictions, PTSD, or anxiety. A variety of treatment methods are available. This variety in service provision offers choice to clients, an empowering component to health care. In the recent evaluation of the videoconference services provided by the NSSAC, perspectives on the service were solicited from clients, client family members, and local health care service providers. The purpose of the evaluation was to inform stakeholders as to what aspects of the program are working well, and what aspects might be improved or expanded upon in the future. The evaluation methods included interviews in which clients were asked about ease of use of the telehealth equipment, ease of sched oted a preference for video communication, with most clients noting that they preferred video appointments to face-to-face appointments. Of 15 clients interviewed, 40 percent preferred videoconference, 20 percent preferred
face-to-face visits, 27 percent thought the methods were equally effective, and the remaining 13 percent had not had a faceto-face experience and thus could not comment. Following are two comments from clients who preferred one method over another, and their thoughts on their preference: Comment 1: “Yes I’ve had a face to face visit. It was better talking face to face, instead of talking to a machine - you are talking in person.” Comment 2: “Yes, I had one face to face visit and I don’t know if it’s just me, my preference was with video. I don’t think, I think it’s just me, I’m uncomfortable with a lot of people, I have a hard time with people.” Client family members noted that the telehealth service had a positive impact on the health of their family. Local health care service providers noted that the option to choose the telehealth service was valuable to clients, and that the service filled a gap for the community. Of this group, 57% of respondents stated that they had heard “positive things” from clients about the service. One stakeholder explains: “From the perspective of the clients, I have heard they like the anonymity of the service, it’s not as weird as they thought it would talking to a machine, it’s convenient, private, they don’t feel it’s open to public scrutiny - these are comments clients have made to me talking about their counseling service. They like the diversity of service that’s available to them, there is a variety of specialists that can be accessed by this program. I’ve never heard anyone
say anything negative about the quality of service.” An overarching theme across nearly all interviewees’ responses was that without the telehealth communication system, equivalent psychological services would not be accessible in Bella Coola. Barriers to accessing equivalent services include financial costs associated with traveling outside of the Valley, finding time off of work or child care while traveling to an appointment, and the stress associated with traveling to access services outside of one’s home community. Furthermore, all interviewees recognized that to clients, being able to access psychological services is paramount to achieving a healthy lifestyle, and preventing future illness; in other words, the services accessed through the telehealth program are seen to be essential to the health of the individual, family, and community. Identified areas for development included increased collaboration with local health care service providers, increased education about the telehealth service to community members and local health care service providers, and innovative use of the telehealth equipment for other aspects of health care delivery. If you would like to read the full report on the evaluation of the BCGH/NSSAC telehealth service provision in Bella Coola, please contact BCGH Mental Health manager Carole Clark by phone (250) 7995311, or email at Carole.Clark@vch.ca. In related news, an article about the career of Dr. Charles Brasfield is available at The Tyee magazine online at: http:// thetyee.ca/News/2012/02/20/PsychiatryCrisis.
First Nation withdraws from Enbridge Gateway Pipeline review: Accuses federal government of predetermining project approval PRESS RELEASE: NUXALK NATION ADMINISTRATION A number of Hereditary Chiefs and elders of the Nuxalk First Nation
of Bella Coola have counseled their elected Chief and Council to withdraw as intervenors from the National Energy Board's Joint Review Panel Process for the
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Enbridge Gateway oil tanker and pipeline project. They say the federal government has already predetermined its approval of the project. The Nuxalk are the second First Nation to pull out of the pipeline review process in recent months, while other nations have refused to intervene all together. The withdrawal is another sign that the federal government is mishandling its relationship with First Nations, including its statements last week that it will change the rules for the Enbridge pipeline hearings retroac-
tively, which is unfair and will likely further compromise the regulatory review. Public hearings in the coastal community of Bella Bella, home of the Heiltsuk First Nation, were delayed after a peaceful community demonstration against the proposed Enbridge project with drumming and singing at the airport. "There is no honour in the federal Crown's approach to consulting with First Nations on the Enbridge project," says Andrew Andy, the elected Chief of the Nuxalk Nation. "Recent statements
make it clear that the Prime Minister has already decided to approve the supertanker project that would violate First Nations' Title and Rights and put our coastal waters at risk of a major oil spill." The Nuxalk support the decision of other Nations to oppose the process through the Joint Review Panel, but say the review is not being done in good faith and has been undermined by repeated and controversial public statements by the Prime Minister and Natural Resources Minister that suggest a prede-
termined approval. "Despite our serious concern about this process, including the lack of any decision-making role for First Nations, we entered the process in good faith," says Andy. "The government's disrespectful behaviour these past months makes clear that our good faith is not being returned." "How can we participate in a process driven by a government that has labelled us 'socially dysfunctional'?" says Charlie Nelson, a Hereditary Chief of the Nuxalk Nation, referring to recent controversial
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statements by Natural Resources Minister Joe Oliver. "Where is the honour in the Crown stating that it's prepared to violate our constitutionally-protected Title and Rights before the work of gathering information on the scope of infringement is even done?" The Nuxalk say the Joint Review Panel has no mandate to consult with First Nations, and there has been no clarity provided by the federal government about how it will consult on issues that fall outside of the Joint Review Panel process.
STAFF: Editor: Christina Boucher Contributors: Kevin O'Neill, Joan Sawicki, Beth Jay, Sarah Gowans Consultant: Angela Hall
Coast Mountain News Thursday, April 12, 2012
Our MP a recognized leader JOAN SAWICKI
Students commemorate the 100th anniversary of the sinking of the Titanic April 15, 2012 marks the 100th anniversary of the sinking of the Titanic. Perhaps the most famous ship in history, the story of the tragedy has fascinated people ever since. Events to commemorate the disaster are taking place this month around the world. Grade 7 students at Acwsalcta have been researching the Titanic, and decided they wanted to do something special to remember the great ship and all those who died. The students are putting on two events. The first event is a recreation of a Second Class Titanic dinner for invited guests. On the menu will be split pea soup, spaghetti au gratin and apple tart. For their individual research projects, students each chose someone associated with the Titanic and wrote a short essay about that person. Before the dinner, students will introduce their character to the dinner guests. Characters will include passengers and crew from the Titanic, as well as the captain of the rescue ship, and
the modern day discoverer of the wreck where it now lies on the ocean floor. Ms. Jay, Acwsalcta librarian, helped the students with their research, as well as purchased many new books for the library. One of the books came with a paper model of the ship, and several copies of that book were purchased through Scholastic Books for students to build as they learned more about the great ship. Ms. Jay also created a special Titanic website with pictures, video clips and more to help students learn about the Titanic online. You can visit this website at http:// titanicremembered. weebly.com. The second event is a public showing of James Cameron’s famous movie, “Titanic”, on Sunday, April 15. Following the showing, students will present a short ceremony of remembrance. The movie starts at 1:30 at the Acwsalcta School gym. Admission is $3 and money raised will go toward the Grade 7 grad. There will be a concession. Everyone is welcome.
lot, Quebec MP, Tom Mulcair won with 57% of the vote over Brian Topp.) Not only did he and his team run a very substantive and successful campaign, Nathan, together with partner Diana and twin boys, were a great hit at Convention itself. With his positive approach… and that engaging smile that we all know so well, Nathan demonstrated he is just as comfortable and confident with the national media on the national stage as he is hanging out on the lawn of the Discovery Coast Music Festival here in Bella Coola. Congratulations to you, your family and your team, Nathan. We are proud of you – and looking forward to your continued leadership, both as our regional voice on issues like the Enbridge pipeline project and as a prominent member of the Official Opposition, speaking out on issues that concern all of us as Canadians.
DEVELOPMENT OF A PROVINCE-WIDE PEST MANAGEMENT PLAN FOR BC HYDRO’S FACILITIES The purpose of the proposed Pest Management Plan (PMP) is to control vegetation within BC Hydro facilities, including substations, capacitor stations, microwave sites, repeater stations, data collection sites helipads, ofﬁce buildings, and storage yards, pole yards, switchyards, dams, reservoirs, dikes, spillways, diversion channels, penstocks, hydroelectric generating stations, thermal generating stations, diesel generating stations, gas turbine stations, cable termination sites, gravel pits/quarries, leased lands for generation development drill sites, till sites, rinse stations, climate stations, existing and proposed transportation corridors and access roads to facilities, using the principles of integrated pest management. The vast majority of these sites are fenced compounds and restricted access areas. The pest management methods proposed for use include: tree removal, girdling, mowing, weed-trimming, hand-pulling, pruning, grassseeding, parasitic insects (bio-control) and herbicide application. The Pest Management Plan for Management of Vegetation at BC Hydro Facilities # 16-12-2012 applies to facilities within BC Hydro’s service area. The proposed duration of the PMP is from May 10, 2012 to May 10, 2017. The common name and trade name of the pesticides proposed for use under this plan include: glyphosate (Roundup Transorb HC, Roundup Transorb Liquid , Roundup WeatherMAX , Vantage, Vantage Plus Max II, Vantage XRT etc.), diuron (Karmex DF), simazine (Princep 9T), dicamba (Vanquish, Banvel VM), dicamba plus diﬂufenzopyr (Overdrive), amitrole (Amitrol 240), imazapyr (Arsenal), triclopyr (Garlon 4, Garlon Ultra, Garlon XRT), chlorsulfuron (Telar), aminoyralid (Milestone), clopyralid (Transline, Lontrel 360), ﬂumioxazin (Payload), metsulfuron methyl (Escort), metsulfuron methyl plus aminopyralid (Clearview), mesulfuron methyl, aminopyralid plus ﬂuroxypyr plus metsulfuron (Siteline), triﬂuralin (Biobarrier), and picloram plus 2, 4-D (Tordon 101). Application methods include: foliar applications, basal bark applications, squirt bottle, injection tools, backpack, power hose spray gun, boom sprayer, cut-surface treatment, hack-and-squirt and wick/wipe-on applicator. A draft copy of the PMP may be examined in detail by asking the person named at the following locations: Tara McCormick Rene Roddick Rhonda Kariz
400 Madsen Road, Nanaimo, B.C., V9R 5M3 8475 128th Street, Surrey V3W 0G1 1401 Kalamalka Lake Road, Vernon V1T 8S4
email@example.com 250 755 4778 firstname.lastname@example.org 604 543 1533 email@example.com 250 549 8582
3333 22nd Avenue, Prince George, V2N 1B4
250 563 4863
To view the plan online visit bchydro.com/pmp. A person wishing to contribute information about a proposed treatment site, relevant to the development of the pest management plan, may send copies of the information to the applicant within 30 days of the publication of this notice.
Given the general public cynicism towards elected people of all political stripes, it is seldom that politicians are seen to exceed expectations. But in the recent federal NDP leadership contest, our local Member of Parliament, Nathan Cullen, did just that. As an MP from rural BC, Nathan wasn’t given much attention when he entered the leadership race last fall after the tragic death of NDP Leader, Jack Layton. All that changed, however, with the long, six-month campaign and his strong performance during the several All Candidates debates. With a campaign based on ‘doing politics differently,’ having real conversations on practical ideas and reaching out to people, especially young people not normally engaged in politics, Nathan impressed New Democrats – and the big city media – right across the country.
Leadership contests are one of the most exciting aspects of membership in a political party. For the federal NDP, few have been more important than this one. With the unprecedented 102 seats won in the May 2011 federal election, this contest was about electing a Leader of the Official Opposition – literally a Prime Minister-in-waiting. Nathan was one of seven very capable, high calibre candidates. Of the 65,000 New Democrats who cast their ballots on a one member-one vote system, most used the preferential ballot option – meaning your second and third choices come into play if your first choice candidate falls off the ballot. Right from the first ballot, Nathan surprised many by coming third, well ahead of better-known candidates, and he increased his percentage on the second and third ballots, from 16% to 20% to 25%. (On the fourth and final bal-
Coast Mountain News Thursday, April 12, 2012
Eulachon, Part 1 of 2: Past, present and future CHRISTINA BOUCHER For the past fourteen years, eulachon runs into the Bella Coola River have been so low that the run remains unharvestable. The
decline of the eulachon has been the subject of study by many, including Megan Moody, member of the Nuxalk Nation and biologist specializing in the eulachon, as well as Wally Webber, mem-
ber of the Nuxalk Nation and Marine Use Coordinator for the Nuxalk Nation Administration. This is the first part of a two-part article series on the eulachon on the Central Coast. The
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purpose of this article is to give a brief history of the importance of the eulachon at the local and provincial levels and to relay the most recent information on eulachon populations. The next article will provide an update on what lies ahead in the future concerning eulachon recovery and management. Importance of the eulachon Eulachon are of high importance to First Nations peopleculturally, socially, and economically. They are an important food item; however, the product of greatest value is the grease rendered from the fish. Megan Moody explains: “The grease is extracted from the eulachon – first you age the fish for 8 to 10 days, and then the aged fish are cooked in boiling water for several hours. The grease eventually rises to the top and is skimmed off and refined. The grease is used as a food item and a medicine, as it has high nutritional
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value, containing Vitamin A, E, and K. It is low in saturated fat (as compared to a fat such as butter), and is like vegetable oil but with more nutrients. In the past, it was used as medicine for whooping cough, or to treat a bad cold.” Webber notes that the decline of the eulachon run and decreased access to eulachon grease has corresponded with the rise of health issues such as heart disease, diabetes, and abdominal problems for First Nations. Not only does the grease have important benefits to physical health, the process of making the grease also supported a healthy community, socially and also economically through trade. “The grease is an important gift at potlatches. The “grease” trails were important trade routes throughout the province that connected the coastal First Nations with the interior Nations primarily established to trade grease.” Wally Webber elaborates on how declining eulachon numbers in the Bella Coola River has affected trade among the coastal and interior First Nations: “When there were more eulachon, the Nuxalk would make grease and trade it to the Heiltsuk in Bella Bella, for example, for seaweed or herring eggs. The roles are now reversed, and we now buy our grease from the Kitasoo or Heiltsuk. This grease is sourced from the Nisga’a who fish along the Nass River . So what has happened is that many First Nations who once could make their own grease from local runs are now relying on eulachon stocks in the Nass River, and the grease has become treasured and more expensive as a result.” Eulachon run data, past and present Eulachon have
historically returned regularly to approximately thirty-five rivers along the Pacific Northwest Coast. Nearly all eulachon spawning runs have shown some sign of decline since the mid-1990s, and some of these rivers no longer have eulachon returning to them in harvestable numbers. The reason for the recent, sharp decline remains uncertain. Megan Moody explains: “The Bella Coola River eulachon story is, the run used to come back plentiful here in the 80s and 90s, and in 1999 they just didn’t come back. And as a Nuxalk person who was out of town at the time to hear this, it was very shocking. In 2000 there was an eulachon crisis meeting held in Bella Coola, which the Department of Fisheries and Oceans (DFO) attended. It was during this time that it started to become known that there was high eulachon by-catch being recorded in the offshore shrimp trawl fishery. “They shut down shrimp trawling in the big basin outside of the Central Coast, Queen Charlotte Sound, and it hasn’t been open since, but all the inner inlets are still open. Although we are told limited shrimp trawling occurs in these inlets, First Nations are pushing to have these areas closed because we don’t agree with bottomtrawling in general. “Because the eulachon haven’t returned in harvestable numbers since 1999, the Nuxalk Nation initiated a study on the Bella Coola River eulachon in 2001 and has been conducting an annual study ever since. I took the study over in 2002-04, and I’ve been involved in some way ever since. We can track abundance, but it’s barely measurable. We’re measuring in pounds and we should be
measuring in tons.” Wally Webber confirms that all coastal First Nations groups from Haida Gwaii, North Coast and to the Central Coast are all opposed to bottom-trawl fisheries, in part because of the harmful eulachon by-catch associated with the practice. The 2012 Eulachon study, managed by the WuikinuxvKitasoo-Nuxalk Tribal Council and funded by an agreement the Nuxalk Nation has with DFO, is currently underway in order to gather this year’s eulachon data. Moody explains the impact of the declining numbers on her home community: “People say, “we’re sick now because we don’t have eulachon any more”. You can tell how the loss of the eulachon has affected people when you talk to them. Last month, the Acwsalcta students sang the eulachon song at the river bank to show respect for the eulachon. “There are traditional beliefs that if you don’t treat your river properly, they don’t come back - if you make too much noise, or disrespect the river, they’ll come in and they’ll leave, that’s what the elders have told me. Everyone has their theories about what caused the decline, but when I did my thesis, those Nuxalk people interviewed believed it was the trawlers.” Webber explains the need for a community-made management plan for the eulachon: “It is important for the community to make a plan for managing the eulachon run in the Bella Coola River so that our future generations will know what an eulachon is and will be able to harvest eulachon and make grease.” The second part of this article will appear in the April 26 issue of the Coast Mountain News.
Coast Mountain News Thursday, April 12, 2012
Joint Review Panel cancels nearly half of a scheduled four-day community hearing in Bella Bella CHRISTINA BOUCHER Early in the morning on April 2, the Enbridge Joint Review Panel announced it had cancelled the day’s community hearings in Bella Bella because of perceived “security concerns” stemming from a protest at the airport there yesterday. The JRP had been scheduled to sit four days in Bella Bella. “It would be very unfortunate if the panel leaves the community without hearing from residents who stand to be among the most affected by the huge volume of oil tanker traffic over the life of this project,” SkeenaBulkley Valley MP Nathan Cullen said at the time.
“People have a right to protest the project, as they have been since the JRP hearings began two months ago, without their actions being falsely framed as a security issue.” Cullen noted all other JRP hearings in the Northwest, including the Rupert session at which he presented oral evidence, have drawn large crowds. He pointed out all events have been respectful and without incident. Nor were there any reports of security concerns from others at the Bella Bella airport yesterday, including North Coast MLA Gary Coons and the RCMP. “Why shut things down in Bella Bella?” Cullen asked. “What message is being
conveyed to people who have the right to speak up? Let’s be realistic here, it’s the residents along the proposed pipeline route and coastal communities who really feel threatened, not the other way around. We are facing a bully for a prime minister and a company that can't promise the Northwest what we need to survive - no oil pipeline accidents on the land and no tanker spills at sea.” Attendees at the Bella Bella hearings expressed that the Panel members were largely disrespectful both in their behaviour toward the oral presenters and in their declining of an invitation to a community feast. The group that did receive much praise
for their organization and action was the group of students from the Bella Bella Community School. The students, with the help of staff and community members, held a 48-hour hunger strike to protest the proposed Enbridge pipeline and associated oil tankers. Coinciding with the JRP hearings, people from across the country joined the students in their silent expression of their democratic voices from April 1 to April 3. Fred Schaub, principal of the school, said: "This hunger strike is one of the ways for students to make their voices heard within a democratic system. I'm proud to live in a country where we can do something
Digital Storytelling Project in the Bella Coola Valley SARAH GOWANS Storytelling is a tradition as ancient as language itself. Since the beginning of humankind, we have shared through stories the events, beliefs, and values held by our families, communities, and cultures. Typically, a digital story is a short film that combines narrative, film, photographic images, ambient sound and a musical soundtrack. The community group PHLAG (Promoting Healthy Living Action Group) in partnership with Bella Coola Valley Learning Society (BCVLS) is pleased to announce the start of a three-year community wide digital storytelling project funded by Vancouver Coastal Health’s SMARTfund. As project coordinator, I will be facilitating weekly media arts youth groups at SAMS, Acwsalcta and the Quas'mals Hall, where I will work directly with youth teaching digital storytelling skills, and help them to create
their own digital stories. I will also be hosting many other photography and digital storytelling workshops available to the entire community. The project also allows for us to provide both youth and seniors with peer support training. Peer support specialists from PeerNetBC in Vancouver partnered with Leave Out Violence BC (LOVE) will be running a three-day workshop for youth ages 14 and older during June and senior peer support training, beginning later this month. PHLAG and the BCVLS hope that the project will allow community members to gain a greater understanding of the shared experiences of living in Bella Coola by creating an archive of local knowledge and community stories that can be shared with future generations. Please attend the Digital Storytelling Screening and Community Dinner at Lobelco Hall on the April 17 to learn
more about the project and sign up for free workshops to learn how to create your own stories. Watch a variety of digital stories including the National Film Board of Canada's 'Our World’ project filmed in Bella Coola, and ‘Cry Rock’, written, directed and produced by local filmmaker Banchi Hanuse. Free entry, dinner, and bus are provided. For bus pick up phone (250) 799-0079 by 6 pm on April 16. Please contact me, Sarah Gowans, for more information or if you would like to be involved in the project. Maybe you have a great story idea, I’m always excited to hear about it! I am seeking local people with skills in filmmaking and editing: please contact me if this is you. Phone: (250) 999 4679 or (250) 878 8313, leave a message for Sarah at the New Leaf Learning Centre at 250799-5822, or email firstname.lastname@example.org.
like this." Leading up to the event, school staff ensured that students were wellinformed about all sides of the issue, about the economic value of the project for B.C. and Canada as well as its certain and potential environmental impacts. This event is an educational opportunity for aboriginal youth to find their voices
and express themselves in appropriate ways. Korin Humchitt, a grade 11 student, articulates: "We have the responsibility inherited from our ancestors to take care of the ocean and protect it for future generations." Violet Lindberg, learning resource room manager says: "This hunger strike symbolizes what we
as a community will have to go through when there's an oil spill. I eat food from this ocean seven days a week. People simply don't realize how much we rely on these waters." Angel Dixon, a grade 10 student, declares: "We are saying no. There's too much at risk — the land, the waters, the animals. This is my home."
IMPORTANT PUBLIC NOTICE THE ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING of the Hagensborg Waterworks District •Meeting postponed due to unforeseen circumstances. New date TBA. WHEN: AT: Hagensborg Fire Hall Topics for discussion will include: • Reports on the work of the district and volunteer fire department for the last year • The DRAFT Long Term Capital Budget including financial impact to the tax base for the water purification system, as well as dam & pipeline upgrades and the new fire truck. • Bylaw changes and implications of user fees to Tax Exempt including Not-for-Profit Charities.
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Coast Mountain News Thursday, April 12, 2012
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The Arts Council presents: A solo show with visual artist Tahirih Goffic BETH JAY Walk into Tahirih’s house, and the walls are lined with her work, paintings of people doing every day things: walking on the beach, a mother and child holding hands. Small portraits line another wall, and a series of small watercolour landscapes are hung on another. Her easel and paints are on the island in the kitchen, her workspace on a sunny day. On the easel is her current work-in-progress, a large painting of a bear walking in a river, most likely a local bear in one of our beautiful Valley rivers. Painting local wildlife is one of Tahirih’s specialties, and right now she is gearing up for tourist season, when her paintings of bears and eagles are a sure sell to visitors to the valley. Her other specialties are figurative painting and portraiture. Tahirih generally works from photographs that she takes herself, though often her wildlife paintings are created from composites of several reference photos. Her current painting-in-progress is in the charcoal blockin stage, awaiting its colour awakening with paint and brush. The inspiration for this bear was from a photo she saw of a tiger standing in water, and it was the contrast between light and dark shapes in that image that attracted her artist’s eye. Then she referenced several bear photographs to create her own beautiful image. Tahirih works in both oil and acrylic. She feels that oil paint better suits her “people” paintings. When using oil, she finishes the painting in one sitting, using a technique known as “alla prima.” Alla prima is a style of painting where, instead of building colors up with layers or glazing over an underpainting, the painting is completed while the paint is still wet, and thus is relatively quick. For her wildlife painting, she uses acrylic. This medium allows for finer detail, and dries quickly, allowing the artist to paint many layers to better represent the fine texture of fur and the intricate detail of foliage. For Tahirih, art is her passion as well as her career. Her ultimate goal is to have her work represented by a gallery in a larger center. The reality for many artists
Tahirih Goffic, working on her current paintingin-progress in the charcoal block-in stage these days is that they have to sell their work online to attract a bigger market, and you can check out Tahirih’s website at www.gofficart.com. The Bella Coola Valley Arts Council is happy to present Tahirih’s work. Visit The Art House, Saturday and Sunday, April 21 & 22, 10:00 – 4:00, chat with the artist, and view her beautiful paintings. Tahirih’s work can be also seen locally at Eagle Lodge and Bella Coola Mountain Lodge.
Coast Mountain News Thursday, April 12, 2012
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Coast Thursday, April Coast Mountain Mountain News News Thursday, April 12, 12, 2012 2012
Pets & Livestock
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NOVA SCOTIA Rural waterfront lots for sale. Country living at its best. Three bedroom apartments for rent. 45 miles to university town. 1-902-5222343 www.sawmilllanding.com email@example.com
1996 Harley-Davidson Touring convertible trike. Needs nothing. Great bike! Turn into a 2 wheeler in 5 minutes and back to a trike in 5 minutes. Voyager trike kit. $15,500 OBO. 17214 miles not kms. 250-3924366
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Pets BEAGLE puppies. (7 puppies) $800. Vet checked, shots. Ready to go April 27. 250-3953178. Pet Wanted: Will give good home to older German Shepherd. (250)992-8533 Quesnel
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Appliances Reconditioned washer/dryer, stoves etc. 6 month guarantee. Will deliver in town. More info call Robert. 250-305-6344 days or 250-392-7064 eves.
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JOB POSTING The Coast Mountain News is seeking a qualified person to fill the position of Editor on a temporary basis, from the period of June 20 through September 20, 2012
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1.9L, FWD, Hatchback, Air BI-WEEKLY
Max Crew Cab, Auto, 5.7L, 4x4
INCLUDES TAXES & FEES
5 Door Hatchback, FWD, 1.8L $
INCLUDES TAXES & FEES
dealer dea for more deta details d etails eta tails StkSee Stk# WC620
4 .99% 84
**ON APPROVED CREDIT. BI-WEEKLY PRICE INCLUDES TAXES AND FEES. FIXED AND VARIABLE RATES APPLY. SEE DEALER FOR MORE INFORMATION
St WC613 Stk#
$19,000** $19,000 **
Home Is Where The Heart Is. DL#30406
Toll Free 1-888-378-3205 • 106 N. Broadway Ave, Williams Lake •
Published on Apr 12, 2012