S I N C E
1 8 9 5
JULY 6, 2012
Ponds bring serenity to garden
Vol. 117, Issue 130
PROUDLY SERVING THE COMMUNITIES OF
ROSSLAND, WARFIELD, TRAIL, MONTROSE, FRUITVALE & SALM SALMO
Regional airportâ€™s impact studied Reviews will help determine next course of action for facility BY TIMOTHY SCHAFER Times Staff
Without the operation of upstream Columbia River Treaty dams, the peak flow in the Columbia River in Trail would be approximately double its current flow and within five per cent of the historic maximum flows ever
Interest and impact of the Trail Regional Airport will be gauged in the coming weeks as the city tries to put its municipal mind around its merit. Victoria-based Wave Point Consulting was commissioned recently by the regional district to conduct an economic impact study on the airport, and last week Trail city council directed its staff to conduct a service review of the facility. Both pieces of â€œThis way it will information will channel into the give us an same conduit for opportunity to council as they try and establish how analyze the airport, much time, money and give other and energy they communities the will expend on the opportunity to take airport, and who its dancing part- a look at whether or ners will be. not they value this Based on what service.â€? the economic impact study ROBERT CACCHIONI says, noted Trail councillor Robert Cacchioni, decisions will be made on what happens next at the Greater Trail airport. As well, the city-bred report will garner feedback from the airportâ€™s regional stakeholdersâ€” including Warfield, Rossland, Montrose, Fruitvale and regional district areas A and Bâ€”to ascertain which of the political entities are in support of the airport or are not interested in supporting it. â€œIt doesnâ€™t appear that everybody is really that on board in terms of the airport,â€? said Cacchioni. â€œThis way it will give us an opportunity to analyze the airport, and give other communities the opportunity to take a look at whether or not they value this service â€Ś and see who is on board and who is not on board.â€? Once complete, the city report will forward a recommendation from council on the airportâ€™s makeup to the Regional District of Kootenay Boundary board of directors. The volunteer-run airport has been operating since 2005 after people turned the 60-year-old Trail Flying Club into a commercial airport to serve the community with affordable and reliable air service.
See ARROW, Page 3
See CONSULTING, Page 2
TIMOTHY SCHAFER PHOTO
Over 300 Yokohama winter tires came in to Integra Tire and Auto on Tuesday and tire technician Derek Opper was charged with the task of sorting and putting them away. Although 600 more winter tires are left to come to the Columbia Avenue shopâ€”and hundreds more of some other brandsâ€”owner Gerry Woodhouse said the nature of the product being delivered should not give rise to widespread panic that summer is over and winter is on the way; they are just being prepared.
Dams keep city safe from swelling river BY TIMOTHY SCHAFER Times Staff
It was over 53 years ago the waters of the Columbia River rose up and flooded in the cities of Trail and Castlegar, causing extensive damage in waterfront neighbourhoods. Today, a combination of
heavy spring runoff and record rainfall has swelled the Columbia River near those record levels once again, but the city is safe from flooding, according to a BC Hydro spokesperson. Mary Ann Coules noted that without the Columbia
River Treaty dams, the river flows at Birchbank would have peaked at 10,165 cubic metres per second (359,000 cubic feet per second) this year, only 425 m3/s below the highest ever river flow of 10,590 m3/s (374,000 cfs) in 1961.
!! ! "!#$ %!! & &&'("!#$ %!! (!) ' '*& &&'(%! +,&'(!-!(.& )! '(('!&' *+
Contact the Times: Phone: 250-368-8551 Fax: 250-368-8550 Newsroom: 250-364-1242
Friday, July 6, 2012 Trail Daily Times
Engineers use pumps to lower tailings pond THE NELSON STAR
-PXÂĄ$t)JHIÂĄ$ 101t8JOE4LNI SATURDAY
Sunny t-PXÂĄ$t)JHIÂĄ$ 101t8JOE/&LNI
Sunny t-PXÂĄ$t)JHIÂĄ$ 101t8JOE48LNI
Salsman Financial Services
Tax Free Savings Accounts Available now! Call or drop by for more information 1577 Bay Avenue, Trail (250) 364-1515
Town & Country VILLAGE OF WARFIELD Summer Council Meetings July 9, 2012 @ 4:00pm and August 13, 2012 @ 4:00pm
The Regional District of Central Kootenay continued to work to save a tailings pond near Salmo following heavy rain. Some sloughing on the earthen dam, part of the former HB mine property purchased by the regional district as part of its central landfill area in 1998, was observed sloughing and seeping Tuesday. The pond is located east of the junction of Highways 3 and 6 and south of Emerald Road. Residents who could be affected by a structural failure that would affect the highway and properties below the site have been notified by RCMP, regional district spokesman Bill Macpherson said. As a first step, geotechnical engineers have installed three pumps to decrease the level of the tailings pond. Additional larger diameter pumps and siphoning hoses are en route to continue to reduce water levels, while an outlet channel is being deepened. Several excavators are on site and will work at filling areas of seepage when itâ€™s safe to do so, Macpherson said. Environmental monitoring and reporting is ongoing has been established at the site.
Crews douse wildfires near railroad tracks BY TIMES STAFF Fire crews from Trail, Genelle, Fruitvale and Warfield were kept busy by a rash of wildfires on Thursday. In the morning, Fruitvale fire crews responded to a small fire, which ignited by the railroad tracks near the downtown Petro Canada. The small fire was quickly under control. It took a little longer for crews from Genelle, Trail and Warfield to douse a wildfire by the train tracks near the Home Goods location in Genelle. Train traffic was temporarily put on hold while crews extinguished the fire and searched for additional hot spots. No further details were available at press time.
BREANNE MASSEY PHOTO
Carley Henniger, the Trail Princess from 2009, continued her training this week at the Trail Memorial Centre for the 2012 B.C. Ambassador Program in Merritt this August. She will be performing a contemporary dance for the talent show.
Consulting firm will study economic impact
To place your ad in the
FROM PAGE 1
Phone 250 368-8551 ext 0 email: firstname.lastname@example.org
MAXIMUM EXPOSURE GUARANTEED PAGE 2 POSITION BOLD COLOUR PRINT Deadline: 11am 1 day prior to publication.
When youâ€™ve ďŹ nished reading this paper, recycle it!
They trained for certification to handle most aspects of commercial air traffic except for passenger management and baggage handling (done by airline staff). At that time, just one daily direct Pacific Coastal Airlines flight from Vancouver was scheduled. Today, three flights operate. According to airport statistics, in the first four months of 2012 more than 10,000 passengers flew through the airport, half of
the 20,000 total passengers in all of 2011. As a result, it is widely believed facilities cannot accommodate the amount of passengers coming through the airport and expansion is a necessity. The $28,352 Wave Point study will measure the full economic impact of the Trail Regional Airport, forming a tool in determining the importance and role of air transportation service in the region. It is expected to capture
ffor You & Your Family
the full scope of the airportâ€™s impacts, including logistics and the supply chain that it is dependent on. The success of the project will depend on the input and participation of many stakeholders including the traveling public and employers, said Darryl Anderson, project manager for Wave Point Consulting. â€œPublic participation in the information gathering stage of the study, through the completion of a short online survey, will help ensure
that the full benefits of the Trail Regional airport are captured and recognized,â€? he said in a press release. People can participate in the web based survey at http://wavepointconsulting.ca/sectors/aviation. The cityâ€™s service review report on the airport will take a look at what the associated costs of operating are, who is in favour of the service, whether they want to pay to be in the service, and who will deliver the service.
Trail Daily Times Friday, July 6, 2012
REGIONAL HELP FOR HAITI
Arrow Lakes hits full pool level FROM PAGE 1 seen in the major pre-dam flood years of 1948 and 1961. “Under the current conditions, BC Hydro is maintaining the Columbia River flows at Trail to a manageable level,” said Coules. “Without the Columbia River Treaty dams, these flows would have more than doubled, resulting in major flooding damage.” Currently there are high water conditions throughout the Columbia basin and across B.C. In addition to a higher than average snow pack in the Columbia basin the region has seen record rainfalls during the month of June with 227 millimetres of rainfall, three times its average amount for the month. As a result, BC Hydro allowed the Arrow Lakes Reservoir to reach its full pool level of 440.1 m. (1,444 ft.) earlier this week and it will continue to rise as much as 0.6 m. (two ft.) above normal full pool over the next several weeks depending on weather conditions. This year recorded inflows to Arrow Lakes Reservoir from February to July 3 are the fourth highest since 1970. BC Hydro recently increased releases from the Hugh L. Keenleyside dam to 1,557 m3/s or 55,000 cfs to manage the rate of refill for the reservoir. Although uncommon in recent years, BC Hydro regularly operated Arrow Lakes Reservoir above 440.1 m. (1444 ft.) during the 1970’s and 1980’s, a typical operation under high water conditions. The last time was 1997 and 1991 when the reservoir level went slightly above 440.1 m. The last time the reservoir level went to 440.7 m. was in 1990.
Hospitals in the Kootenay Boundary area have donated roughly 200 Baxter intravenous infusion pumps to be transported back to Haitian hospitals. Nurse Andrew O’Kane spent two years volunteering in Haiti and he’s currently fundraising to transporot the pumps, IV poles and supplies to health care organizations in Port as Prince. Donations can be mailed to Pumps for Haiti, 409 Forrest Drive, Trail B.C. V1R-2H1 or deposited under “Pumps for Haiti” at any Kootenay Savings branch.
Fire destroys truck in rollover at Violin Lake Firefighters get help in accessing area BY TIMOTHY SCHAFER Times Staff
A mud bog adventure in the backcountry above West Trail ended in a burned, blackened and upturned four-wheel-drive truck on Monday afternoon. KBRFR firefighters were called to the Violin Lake area up behind the city when West Trail residents called 9-1-1 after noticing a column of black smoke curling up from the forest. Ministry of Forests crews responded as well to the report of a single vehicle rolled over on its roof in the boggy backcountry. By the time a fire crew arrived in a KBRFR pickup truck, the upturned truck was totally destroyed by fire. “Because it was in such a remote area we couldn’t access it with one of our engines,” said Martin. Nobody injured in the accident. Some West Kootenay ATV club members were up in the area and were instrumental in getting some of the firefighting personnel to the scene in a very quick manner. “They stayed on scene and tried to fight the fire themselves,” said Martin. “They did a great job.” Martin said they weren’t sure as to what caused the actual fire but the vehicle was on its roof when they arrived.
Bylaw officer ready to crack down after another bear destroyed Garbage continues to attract bears BY ANGELA TREHARME Fernie Free Press
Bylaw officers are preparing to issue 41 warning letters to residents who leave their garbage outdoors, after another bear had to be shot in Fernie. The male black bear, who had an ear tag, has been seen around Fernie for the last few weeks, and finally conservation officers shot it on Sunday morning in Ridgemont. The bear had been relocated a year ago from Lundbrick Falls in Alberta
after it was found getting into bird feeders on acreages. It was moved to the headwaters of Old Man River, in Alberta, but made its way 75 km to Fernie. Since then it has been spotted at different locations around town. “Police have been chasing him all over town, and finally we found him chewing on a bag of garbage in Ridgemont,” said Conservation Officer, Frank de Boon. “It goes to show that relocating bears isn’t the solution. A lot will make their way home, or in this case get disorientated and head another way.
Litre Duos are Back!
“But once they are used to finding easy food, they won’t stop trying to find it. “I’ve been doing this job for 25 years and it is the same people that just aren’t getting the message.” Kathy Clarke-Smith, from Bear Aware, met with the City of Fernie bylaw officer on Tuesday and agreed that it is time to start cracking down on offenders. “I have left pamphlets with people who I have seen leaving garbage or bird feeders out, and I have talked to so many residents, but it’s obviously just not working,” said
Save up to
Clarke-Smith. “So we decided to issue 41 warning letters. If they continue to break the bylaw, they will be fined. Bears are paying the price because people are refusing to make small changes. “There is no excuse. Just keep your garbage in your shed, and if you don’t have a shed, keep it indoors or take it to the transfer station or dumpsters. For everyone’s safety, people need to start listening.” Two bears and two cubs that were feeding from garbage in Fernie were also shot last month.
364-2377 1198 Cedar Avenue
Friday, July 6, 2012 Trail Daily Times
Residents back on flood alert
Police investigating fatal highway crash THE CANADIAN PRESS
THE CANADIAN PRESS SICAMOUS, B.C. - As many as 100 floodweary residents of Sicamous, B.C., are on alert once again as the Shuswap-region town braces for another emergency. Officials are taking no chances after levels of Sicamous Creek suddenly dropped this morning, suggesting it may be blocked by trees in the hills above the neighbourhood of Two Mile. That’s the same area inundated by flashflooding when a torrent of debris was unleashed June 23, causing extensive damage to homes in Two Mile and nearby Swansea Point. Highway 97A, about four kilometres south of Sicamous, has been closed about 350 kilometres northeast of Vancouver because of potential flooding. RCMP Sgt. Carl Vinat says the highway closure and door-to-door warning in Two Mile are precautionary while an aerial inspection of Sicamous Creek is conducted.
THE CANADIAN PRESS/DARRYL DYCK
Gabe Bergen, of 100 Mile House and the rest of the Canadian Olympic men’s eight rowing team carry their boat from the dock after training for the London 2012 Summer Olympics on Burnaby Lake in Burnaby on Thursday.
PRINCETON, B.C. - An outside police force has been called in to investigate a fatal crash Wednesday that followed a chase involving RCMP officers near Princeton, B.C. Mounties in the Southern Okanagan and Similkameen began looking for a vehicle and a male driver following reports of a domestic aggravated assault in Osoyoos, B.C. The RCMP says a first attempt to stop the vehicle safely failed and a subsequent pursuit was called off due to the suspect’s dangerous driving and traffic conditions. Other officers tried to stop the driver farther down Hwy. 3 , but the driver evaded the road check by manoeuvring along the shoulder and through ditches. Although the vehicle was not pursued at that point, the unidentified driver crashed about one kilometre past the road check. Officers found the vehicle overturned and on fire. Efforts to rescue the driver were unsuccessful and he was pronounced dead on the scene. Under RCMP policy in B.C., an external police agency will investigate the collision and death. Osoyoos RCMP are continuing an investigation into aggravated assault of a 62-year-old woman, who remains in hospital.
Seabirds get their fill of plastic: study THE CANADIAN PRESS
Summer Hours Monday - Friday 8am - 3pm Breakfast & Lunch
July Special All gift ware 1/2 price
The deck has ﬁnally opened! 760 Schoﬁeld Hwy Warﬁeld
On behalf of the
JL Crowe 2012 Grad Class we would like to thank and recognize the following • Columbia River Hotel - Best Western Plus • SpeedPro Signs • Chinook Scaffold Systems Ltd. • Fruitvale Community Chest • Ferraro Foods • Handy Store • Liberty Foods • Walmart • No Frills • Safety Net Security • Teck • Tim Hortons • Eugene Josay • Kay Moen • Quillow • Simone Jewlers • JJs • • Rock Island Tape Centre • Canadian 2 for 1 Pizza • The Spot • Got Juiced • Van Hellemond Sporte Ltd. • City of Trail • Village of Fruitvale • Bill’s Auto • Columbia Valley Greenhouses • Tire Man • Country Roads • Hometown Video • Fruitvale Kitchen • Home Hardware • Maglio Building Centre • Artcliffe Motors • Hall’s Basic • Trail Aquatic and Leisure Centre • Integra Tire • Nu-Tech Auto Repair • The Gift Shop • Champion Chevrolet • Lil T’s Cafe • Minute Muffler • Bella Tire Service Centre • Cafe Michael • Canadian Tire • Panago Pizza
VANCOUVER Seabirds eat everything from twine, candy wrappers and Styrofoam, and their stomach contents show there’s been a dramatic increase in plastic pollution off the Pacific Northwest coast in the last four decades, a new study suggests. University of British Columbia researcher Stephanie AveryGomm said the amount of plastic a northern fulmar gobbles up provides a snapshot of the garbage that ends up in a big part of the Pacific Ocean.
The results of the study mirror that of various European countries’ research done last year of the notoriously polluted North Sea, although the situation seems to be improving there, Avery-Gomm said. Necropsies of 67 of the beached gulllike seabirds collected between October 2009 and April 2010 from the coasts of B.C., Washington and Oregon indicated nearly 93 per cent of them had bellyfuls of plastic, she said. One bird had 454
pieces of plastic in its gut, said Avery-Gomm, the study’s lead author and graduate of the university’s zoology department. She said the results of the study, published online in the journal Marine Pollution Bulletin, suggest plastic pollution should be monitored annually and people need to be aware of the long-term effects of what they’re tossing out. “Anything that gets into a river, anything that gets into the sewage system, anything that ends up on a beach is probably headed straight for the ocean.” The graceful northern fulmars breed in Alaska, are cousins of the albatross and are oceanic creatures that
don’t often venture onto shore. They also don’t regurgitate the plastic they consume from the surface of the ocean. Ingesting it can directly kill the birds or cause gastrointestinal blockage, lacerations and reduced feeding. While many countries have documented plastic debris in the marine environment, no standard technique has been used, and the lack of consistent methodology has made it difficult to monitor trends or to compare plastic pollution between different regions of the world, the study says. “This highlights the need for a reliable, internationally standardized method of monitoring trends in
TRAIL REGIONAL AIRPORT Economic Impact Study User Survey The public and employers are invited to participate in this important project by completing a short conﬁdential web based survey: http://wavepointconsulting.ca/sectors/aviation
plastic pollution.” About 260 marine species, including turtles, fish and seabirds are known to become entangled in plastic or eat it. Northern fulmars are ideal biological monitors of trends in plastic pollution because they have a vast migratory range, forage just about anything in the environment and are prone to washing up on beaches in sufficient numbers. The first study of plastic ingestion in the birds was conducted south of the Alaska Peninsula in 1980 by the University of Alaska. It found that 58 per cent of the birds collected between 1969 and 1977 had consumed plastic. The current study shows that the incidence of plastic ingestion among northern fulmars is 92.5 per cent, Avery-Gomm said. Her concerns about the awareness of disposing plastic were echoed by Karen Wristen, spokeswoman for the Living Oceans Society. “At the national level there needs to be some kind of response beyond voluntary beach cleanups that’s going to deal with the amount that accumulates on public lands,” Wristen said.
Trail Daily Times Friday, July 6, 2012
NATIONAL SUNNY DAYS
Harper doesnâ€™t foresee any major upheaval THE CANADIAN PRESS
THE CANADIAN PRESS/NATHAN DENETTE
People take in the sun at Sugar Beach in Toronto.
Housing market cooling off in Toronto TORONTO - Home sales in two of Canadaâ€™s hottest housing markets, Toronto and Vancouver, are showing signs of a cooling trend in what could be the beginning of a longawaited contraction that economists have been expecting. The Greater Toronto Realtors Association said Thursday that the number of pre-owned homes sold by its members last month was
down 13 per cent in the city proper and off 5.4 per cent in the broader GTA region compared with the same time last year. Those numbers came on the heels of a report Wednesday that showed Vancouver home sales hit their lowest level in more than a decade in June, falling 17.2 per cent from May. CIBC deputy chief economist Benjamin Tal says Vancouver
shows where Toronto is headed. He suggested that lower sales volumes in those cities will be followed by lower selling prices. â€œThe magnitude in Vancouver will be more significant but it is the same forces that really impact the Toronto market: namely we see some softness in investment activity, especially in the condominum market and we see less foreign money entering the city,â€? Tal said.
Beekeeper stung by thieves THE CANADIAN PRESS
SEXSMITH, Alta. - A honey producer is warning beekeepers in northwestern Alberta to be on the lookout for robbers with sticky fingers. Bill Termeer of Sexsmith says heâ€™s out $60,000 after someone stole bees and equipment from his operation. Termeer says he has been noticing irregularities in his hives since the middle of May. He says his hives are missing queens, worker bees, eggs and larvae. Some of his honeycombs have also been switched out. Police are investigating what Termeer believes was done by someone with knowledge of the bee industry. â€œIt would be somebody who would know the value of bees,â€?
Termeer said. â€œPerhaps itâ€™s someone whoâ€™s suffered high losses and maybeâ€™s in financial
problems, someone who needs these bees badly. Theyâ€™re desperate.â€?
â€œWe know that prices tend to follow sales by about three to five months, so those declines in sales they reflect much more than techcnicalities. They reflect a real softening in the market - credit market and housing market fatigue - and I think it is exactly what we need before interest rates start rising.â€? The lower sales volume, particularly in the condominium segment, is being reported in advance of tightening mortgage and other housing rules coming into effect on Monday. 5)&,005&/":n4 05& &/":n4 0/-:
2012 Pain Resolution Enjoy your treatment for pain while reclining in the comforts of a lazy boy chair and enjoying your favourite book or TV show. Start a pain free year now.
See results today with a revolutionary acupuncture treatment.
TORONTO - Doubledouble addicts will soon have another reason to stop into one of the thousands of Tim Hortons outlets across the country. The coffee-anddoughnut chain announced Thursday that it is working to roll out free wireless
1-250-368-6999 email email@example.com to sign up for our free newsletter
Canada will offer free Wi-Fi by September. The plan does not include its non-traditional outlets.
The Colander presents...
Trailâ€™s Full Service Catering Facility Specializing in... â€˘ Dinner Meetings â€˘ Cocktail Parties â€˘ Weddings â€˘ Reunions â€˘ Parties
For Groups of 60 to 200 People... â€˘ Smorgasbords â€˘ Full Dinners â€˘ Hors Dâ€™Oeuvre Parties
And of Course, the Finest in Italian Food Catering
With results in just 20 minutes from tree, grass, dust mite, cat, weed and ragweed allergies, you can stop guessing and breathe easy.
Call to book your appointment with Dr. Jeff Hunt ND today
Internet to more than 2,000 locations. It expects 90 per cent of its so-called â€œtraditionalâ€? outlets across
%*(*5"-% %*(*5" 5".07*&5)&"53& .07*& &5
ITCHY EYES? SCRATCHY THROAT? RUNNY NOSE? FAST, SIMPLE, SNEEZING? CONVENIENT, PAINLESS DIAGNOSTIC ALLERGY TESTING & TREATMENT
THE CANADIAN PRESS
"NB[JOH 4QJEFS.BO % /JHIUMZ
R. Ac., Dipl. NCCAOM, 1618 2nd Ave, Trail
dissolve Parliament and call an election at any time and Harper has suggested he is flexible about the fixed date if it conflicts with provincial elections. If the timelines hold, however, the halfway point in the mandate would be August of next year. Cabinet shuffle talk heated up this week following the resignation of embattled International Co-operation Minister Bev Oda. While it was expected that hole might be filled as part of a wide-ranging shakeup, Harper only made a minor tweak. Associate minister of defence Julian Fantino, the governmentâ€™s front man on the fumbled F-35 fighter jet file, was moved to Odaâ€™s spot. Fantinoâ€™s old duties were handed off to New Brunswick MP Bernard Valcourt.
Tim Hortons adding Wi-Fi to service
/PX4IPXJOH UP+VMZ For Appointments
show is broadcast provincewide on CHQR and CHED. â€œI think what I am more likely to do ... is probably in mid-term we will probably have a new session mid-term.â€? Harper said the performance of cabinet ministers will be assessed halfway through his governmentâ€™s mandate and thatâ€™s when any big changes will be made. â€œWeâ€™ll take a look at how everybody is performing and make some major changes at that point,â€? he said. â€œBut I think between now and then letâ€™s keep everybody focused on the job we got elected to do.â€? Harperâ€™s Conservatives won a majority in May 2011 and the fixed-election-date law calls for the next vote in October 2015. Under the Constitution, the Governor General can
#BZ"WF 5SBJM)PVS XXXSPZBMUIFBUSFUSBJMDPN
r'6--:-*$&/4&%r For Information Call the Colander 250-364-1816
THE CANADIAN PRESS
CALGARY - If Prime Minister Stephen Harper has his way, it will be next summer before there are any major changes to his governmentâ€™s front benches. Speaking on an Alberta radio show Thursday, Harper ruled out both a major cabinet shuffle and prorogation of the House of Commons until the government reaches the halfway point of its majority mandate. Prorogation is when the legislature â€œresetsâ€? itself with a throne speech and new bills. Harper said he considered the move, but decided against it for the time being. â€œI didnâ€™t see any reason to do it right now. Weâ€™ve still got a number of pieces of legislation we do want to pass,â€? Harper told host Dave Rutherford, whose
Friday, July 6, 2012 Trail Daily Times
OPINION Published by Black Press Monday to Friday, except statutory holidays SECOND CLASS MAIL REGISTRATION #0011
1163 Cedar Avenue Trail, B.C. • V1R 4B8 OFFICE Ph: 250-368-8551 Fax: 250-368-8550 NEWSROOM 250-364-1242 SALES 250-364-1416 CIRCULATION 250-364-1413
Barbara Blatchford PUBLISHER, ext. 200 firstname.lastname@example.org
Guy Bertrand EDITOR, ext. 211 email@example.com
Tammy Crockett OFFICE MANAGER, ext. 205 firstname.lastname@example.org
Michelle Bedford CIRCULATION MANAGER, ext. 206 email@example.com
Timothy Schafer REPORTER, ext. 212 firstname.lastname@example.org
Breanne Massey REPORTER, ext. 208 email@example.com
Jim Bailey SPORTS EDITOR, ext. 210 firstname.lastname@example.org
Dave Dykstra SALES ASSOCIATE, ext. 203 email@example.com
Lonnie Hart SALES ASSOCIATE, ext. 201 firstname.lastname@example.org
Jeanine Margoreeth NATIONAL AND CLASSIFIED ADVERTISING CLERK, ext. 204 email@example.com
Kevin Macintyre PRODUCTION MANAGER, ext 209 firstname.lastname@example.org
Shannon Teslak PRODUCTION, ext 209 email@example.com
All rights reserved. Contents copyright by the Trail Daily Times. Any reproduction of material contained in this publication in whole or in part is forbidden without the expressed written consent of the publisher. It is agreed that the Trail Daily Times will not be responsible for errors or omissions and is not liable for any amount exceeding the cost of the space used and then only such portion where the errors actually appeared. We reserve the right to edit or reject any submission or advertisement that is contrary to our publishing guidelines.
Sewage smell hangs heavily over area
he stinky sewage debate in which Rossland, Trail, and Warfield have been embroiled in one form or another since before I arrived in our little valley in 1980, and which has been reeking with renewed vigour for the past four years, is going to the province for resolution. Pity the pure bureaucrat or hired gun that has to fashion a reasonable solution out of this putrid mess. Like so many of these disputes, there is no right and wrong, just our’s and their’s. Trail city council initiated the recent round of squabbling because the cost-sharing deal its political forbearers negotiated in the mid-1960s has not turned out so well. All the partners estimated their communities would grow and based the cost-sharing formula on those projections, and the size of the pipes and treatment plant needed to serve those anticipated populations. In reality, all the communities have shrunk and 14,000 people and a struggling business sector are paying for a system built for 25,000. Trail predicted the biggest growth but actually shrunk the most. The funding formula sees
Trail pick up 69 per cent of ongoing capital expenses, and annual operating costs of $1.1 million, while Rossland and Warfield contribute 21 and 10 per cent respectively. If based on current population, the split would be 59-27-14. In addition to population, the formula also reflected the fact that Rossland saw merit in building its own treatment system and Trail benefited from having the sewage plant at Bear Creek. This location reduced the amount of local sewage mains the city had to pay for because it had the regional trunk line running through it and spurred growth on the east side of the river. Trail wants the funding formula adjusted to reflect current population figures, which would save it more than $100,000 a year. If Trail prevails with this approach, then city taxpayers should try the same argument on council: We were expecting six kids, but only had two, so we don’t use most of the house – give us a break on our taxes. Or maybe, their bankers would take the bait. While Warfield council has accepted Trail’s position, Rossland has resisted. A mediator hired by the
MASLECK Ray of Light
group failed to bring them together, but concluded the current funding formula was outdated and unfair. Given their communities’ dependence on residential taxes, homeowners in both of the smaller municipalities already pay more for sewage treatment than their neighbours in Trail. A populationbased formula would only make this inequity worse. Rossland has agreed to base operating costs on current population, but points out that the size of infrastructure has not shrunk along with the population so capital contributions shouldn’t either. The oversized plant and pipes still have to be maintained, so the plant size a municipality signed up for should be what it continues to pay to maintain, goes the Golden City’s argument.
But, as is usually the case when negotiating with Trail council, there isn’t much room to negotiate. Council’s position is that what is best for the city is the only fair and supportable position and anyone who suggests otherwise is a cad or brigand. Remember the post regional recreation funding battle when council insisted that cost sharing based on population or usage was absurd and only an assessment-based formula would do? While the impasse over cost sharing drags on, planning for an upgraded system to meet modern environmental standards – which demand more than primary treatment – is being dragged down by the dispute. After several years of study, Stage 1 of a sewage treatment master plan was completed in 2007, but there has not been much action since. The plan estimated upgrading the system would cost at least $30 million. With a bill like that looming, the discourse over funding can only get uglier. While the province may force an end to the current dispute, a new or overhauled plant and possible additional partners in Montrose and
Fruitvale would evoke calls for a brand new deal. Think of how much success the Europeans and other advanced nations are having in agreeing on how to bail out Greece and its lenders and you sort of get the picture. Except that the Europeans have better managed to put the Second World War behind them, than we have in getting over our cultural, political, economic and historical differences. The conventional wisdom says that only with a district municipality will we be able get past all of these internecine battles and find peace, order and good government. Even if this debatable notion was in fact true and made economic sense, it would still beg the question, how would we ever get there? I say we have the pols strap on the gloves like Liberal MP Justin Trudeau and Conservative Senator Patrick Brazeau did recently. The last man, or woman, standing buys the beer and gets to be mayor of the new merged city. We could call it the Mighty Columbia Fighting District. Raymond Masleck is a retired Trail Times Reporter.
Trail Daily Times Friday, July 6, 2012
LETTERS & OPINION
CROWN POINT HOTEL
The European crisis: God save us from the smart guys
MONDAY TO SATURDAY | 6:30 - 10AM
ike a particularly egre- ability to make trade-offs and gious melodrama, the accept the consequences. But saga of the euro goes on having surrendered the capacand on. As the leaders ity to conduct a sovereign monlurch from summit to summit, etary policy, thatâ€™s no longer an each action plan announcement option. generates a bout of euphoria, If this sounds like an indictonly to see the bright hopes dis- ment of politicians and bankers, sipate shortly thereafter. rest assured that thereâ€™s plenty The latest instalment comes of opprobrium to go around. courtesy of the To put it mildly, the recent all-night commentariat hasnâ€™t negotiating sesexactly distinguished sion in Brussels itself on the euro file. â€“ the one that For example, take ran until 4:30 the yearning for a in the morning. European Alexander Weâ€™ll soon see Hamilton. American if it hews to the history buffs will recPAT familiar pattern. ognize Hamilton as Figuring out the first Secretary of why the problem the Treasury, the guy Troy Media is so intractable who â€“ among other doesnâ€™t require an understand- things â€“ was instrumental in ing of rocket science. Itâ€™s simpler having the federal government than that. assume the debts incurred by The current imbroglio is what the states during the American happens when you try to address Revolution. a structural problem by ignoring Of course, thereâ€™s a reason it. In plain language, the prob- why this yearning for a European lem with the euro is the euro. Hamilton is problematic. The Put a number of economically United States, even in 1790, was and culturally disparate coun- one country. Europe isnâ€™t. Really, tries together in the same cur- itâ€™s that straightforward. rency, donâ€™t bother adding an Then thereâ€™s the argument effective central banking func- that while hindsight may indition, stir in a dose of easy money, cate that the euro was a bad add a twist of fiscal promiscuity, idea, the participating countries and what do you get? You get a are now stuck with it and have mess in which the various par- no option other than ploughties are encased in straitjackets. ing ahead. One wonders whatIn the pre-euro world, a ever happened to the first law Greece or a Spain could begin of holes: if youâ€™re in one, stop to address its own mistakes or digging. misfortune by the expedient of To be sure, any attempt to expanding its money supply and dismantle the euro would entail effectively devaluing its curren- major transitional problems. But cy. It wouldnâ€™t be pretty â€“ for one getting out of holes is always thing, imported goods would difficult. And digging deeper become much more expensive. doesnâ€™t make it any less so. However, the country would In any event, surely a case at least retain some control over can be argued for thinking longits own destiny, including the term. If a serious mistake was
made, undoing it should be the preferred choice. All of which brings us to the strangest consideration of all â€“ the casual fashion in which many commentaries wave away the question of national sovereignty. Europe is an old continent, which has fought many wars over territory, tribal identity, and the concept of national independence. Millions of people have died in the process. Yet the advice being proffered on all sides is to dismiss that as being immaterial. For make no mistake about it, if the currency union is supplemented by greater integration, in the form of a fiscal union and debt pooling, then the various sovereign nations will cease to exist in anything but name. Granted, theyâ€™ll retain their historic monuments, ethnic costumes and separate soccer teams. But itâ€™ll be show, not substance. And itâ€™ll have happened without the people of the various countries being asked the direct question: do you agree to give up national independence in favour of becoming a citizen of Europe? For Canadians accustomed to agonizing over Quebec referendums and the need for a â€œclear question and a clear majority,â€? this should strike a bizarre note. The columnist Mark Steyn has an irreverent descriptor for the cheerleaders at the likes of the BBC and the Financial Times, the people who were, for instance, bullish on Greeceâ€™s accession to the euro. He calls them â€œthe smart guys.â€? God save us from the smart guys! Troy Media columnist Pat Murphy worked in the Canadian financial services industry for over 30 years.
Majority want pot decriminalized Editorial from the Amherst Daily News The prohibition on marijuana is increasingly at odds with popular sentiment, according to the results of a recent poll conducted by Ipsos-Reid. Sixty-six per cent of those surveyed would support eliminating punishment for possession of small amounts of cannabis. The region where decriminalizing got the most support? Atlantic Canada, with 72-per cent. Thatâ€™s a very solid majority. Itâ€™s also a big shift in a short period of time. According to the National Post, an IpsosReid survey in 1987 said just 39-per cent of Canadians supported
decriminalization. Why the shift? Our guess is many reasons have contributed to the change. Young people who experimented with pot grew up. Some have become doctors and lawyers, politicians and police. The stereotype of the burnout pothead - while based on the real experiences of some users - just doesnâ€™t ring true to a successful generation of recreational users. The information age has made us harder to shock. How outrageous is marijuana when headlines regale us with stories of cannibals supposedly on bath salts? And with information comes knowledge. The
propaganda of reefer madness canâ€™t survive an hourâ€™s research on the Internet. Not that smoking pot doesnâ€™t have mental and physical health ramifications. But it doesnâ€™t seem credible to thoughtful people that it should be in the same category as demonstrably addictive drugs that have the potential to kill when users overdose. Hypocrisy doesnâ€™t do well in the era of gotcha citizen journalism, either. The government takes in considerable tax revenues from addictive substances with the potential to kill: alcohol and tobacco. A sense of basic fair play may be at work here.
Letâ€™s not forget, either, the debacle of the war on drugs, which has driven billions of dollars into the hands of organized crime while siphoning billions from the pockets of taxpayers. Citizens faced with austerity and a stumbling economy may be questioning the wisdom of using precious police resources and expensive prison cells to prosecute their neighboursâ€™ kids. Itâ€™s unclear what will happen near-term. What is clear, though, is thereâ€™s a disconnect between the federal criminal code, and the policies most Canadians - especially Atlantic Canadians - want to see enforced.
B R E A K FA S T S P E C I A L 2 Eggs 2 Bacon, Ham or Sausage Hashbrowns & Toast
ate Home, RenovYour e, enovate R Your Life! Cloverdale Paint Window Coverings Hardwood Carpet Linoleum Laminate Ceramic Tile
Helping you turn your house into a home...
ZCH BMO China Equity ........................ 11.17 BMO Bank of Montreal........................... 57.45 BNS Bank of Nova Scotia....................... 53.88 BCE BCE Inc ............................................... 42.37 CM CIBC...................................................... 72.50 CU Canadian Utilities .............................. 67.13 CFP Canfor.................................................. 12.06 ENB Enbridge Inc ...................................... 40.10 ECA EnCana Cp ........................................ 20.75 FTT Finning Intl Inc ................................... 24.16 FTS Fortis Inc .............................................. 32.71 VNP 5N Plus Inc ...........................................2.28 HSE Husky Energy Inc ............................. 26.04
MBT Manitoba Telephone....................... 33.37 NA National Bank of Canada ............... 74.66 NBD Norbord Inc .................................... 13.65 OCX Onex Corp ..................................... 39.50 RY Royal Bank of Canada ....................... 53.53 ST Sherrit International ..............................5.04 TEK.B Teck Resources Ltd. ................... 32.96 T Telus ............................................................ 63.03 TD Toronto Dominion ............................ 79.92 TRP TransCanada Cp ............................... 43.10 VXX Ipath S&P 500 Vix ........................... 14.61
Norrep Inc.................................................... 11.34
AGF Trad Balanced Fund............................5.74
London Gold Spot ..................................1605.1 Silver .............................................................27.660
Crude Oil (Sweet)..................................... 86.94 Canadian Dollar (US Funds) ................0.9859
!"# $ %& $##%% !&#,$ ##/"$ )#!&&%#$&$ .! (&/- * )$' *&*+#'&('$"$ #&(% $#%$*' !#(#,*#$ - *!#%#,*$*! ' ( ('$"$ &(' !' 01234564646 076224564646 )))%##%% !&% " !"#$ % $#&$'#&(!$'"$'&!#)! "' *!%'+,(&$ +!,#+,+*$$#%%*!#%-#&% ".,$'' $ !"#$ ' $/*#!#$& !.! (&/$& $#*$ ! !##%% !& *$- !.#''*"#-,#+,$-' !"#$ '/(#' $&#$#..#!/ $'#&(!$'"$#&$!$#*$ ! !##%% !& *$- !.#''*"#- +,/#$ $ *.&#$$ !"#$ !#&(' *!$!&(, ."$'!,#$/ !"#$ .! (&&!
Thursday, July 5, 2012 Trail Daily Times
PEOPLE OBITUARIES JEWITT, WILLIAM GLADSTONE — April 14, 1927 - July 1, 2012 Born in Windsor Nova Scotia, our beloved husband and father, Bill, passed away in Trail on July 1, 2012 after battling cancer. He died as he lived – with courage, dignity, and grace. He is survived and dearly missed by his wife Doris, brother John (Helen), children Jim (Janet), Jane (David), Joan (Bill), Jeff (Lynn), grandchildren Meghan, Elaine (Ryan), Sheila (Hasan), Premala, Brendan, Shane, Bailey, and great-grandsons Ethan and Joel William. Bill will always be remembered for his integrity, humour, compassion, and for the many ways that he contributed to the communities in which he lived, and touched the lives of those around him. At his request, no service is planned. At the family’s request, please do not send ﬂowers.
Boxer defeated some of the greatest THE ASSOCIATED PRESS CLEVELAND - Jimmy Bivins, a heavyweight boxer in the 1940s and 1950s who defeated some of the greatest fighters of his time, has died. He was 92. Bivins died of complications from pneumonia early Wednesday at an East Cleveland nursing home, according to his family. The Georgia-born Bivins retired from boxing in 1955 after more than 100 professional fights. He never was able to compete for a world title, but he was once ranked as the No. 1 contender in both the light heavyweight and heavyweight divisions. Bivins had winning bouts with world champions Archie Moore, Ezzard Charles, Gus Lesnevich, Melio Bettina, Anton Christoforidis and Teddy Yarosz. He also went the distance with Joe Louis and fought Jersey Joe Walcott to a split-decision. Bivins met seven Hall of Famers, beating four, and 11 world champions, defeating eight, according to the International Boxing Hall of Fame. Bivins, who was inducted into the Hall of Fame in 1999, had 86 wins, 25 losses and one draw in his career. He had 31 knockouts. Bivins, who was born in Dry Branch in 1919, taught kids about boxing in his later years, said Jerry Nelson, who is married to Bivins’ nephew. Gene Glen, secretary of the Ohio State Former Boxers & Associates Inc., said Bivins was an outstanding fighter, who made “outstanding contributions, not only as a boxer, but also as a human being.” The year before Bivins was inducted into the Hall of Fame, police found him in the attic of his daughter’s Cleveland house. He was covered with bedsores and weighed only 110 pounds, 70 pounds below his fighting weight. Bivins’ son-inlaw later pleaded guilty to criminal neglect. Bivins recovered and lived with a sister for years before moving to the home in 2009. “He was a kind and gentle man who always had a smile on his face,” Nelson said.
100TH ANNIVERSARY OF CALGARY STAMPEDE
Western classic traces roots to New Yorker THE CANADIAN PRESS CALGARY - It began as the brainchild of a performer from New York state with a vision of a cowboy championship like no other - an Easterner who loved the Old West and its culture. Guy Weadick was a wellknown Wild West entertainer across North America and Europe. The Rochester, N.Y., native performed rope tricks during a 15-minute western act. His wife was a famous trick rope rider and together they toured the vaudeville halls and circuses of Europe before coming to Western Canada. In 1912 Weadick hooked up with a livestock agent for the Canadian Pacific Railway, H.C. McMullen, in Calgary. Cowtown had a booming population of 47,000 at the time - it had only officially been a city for 18 years. Together the two executed Weadick’s dream and compiled a program for a frontier show and rodeo. They gained financing from four prominent Calgarians to build a prize pool that dwarfed others. Competitors came from far and wide, dollar signs in their eye. With that the Calgary Stampede was born. Now billed as The Greatest Outdoor Show on Earth, the Stampede turns 100 when it kicks off Friday. “If you think of 100 years ago - what really happened is no different than what’s going to happen this year and that is a gathering of people to celebrate, to share a good time, to honour the western values and our heritage of the West,” says Bob Johnson, the event’s vice-chairman. “Although we’re now in a city of over a million people, we’re celebrating the same thing we celebrated 100 years ago.” That’s not to say things haven’t changed. The first Calgary Stampede was held in September so as not to interfere with harvest. And it didn’t go annual right away. The First World War delayed the second Stampede until 1919. It’s only been held every year since 1923. There was much fanfare at the first Stampede. An estimated 80,000 people attended the first parade - nearly double the population of the city. Still, the event lost money, largely
THE CANADIAN PRESS/ADRIAN WYLD
R.J. Reidy takes his cowboy hay off to walk through a tunnel under the track at the Calgary Stampede. It began as the brainchild of a performer from New York state with a vision of a cowboy championship like no other - an Easterner who loved the Old West and its culture. because of the $20,000 prize pool. Today, the prize pool is more than $2 million and the Stampede is a 10-day, knockdown, drag-’em-out summer party. There’s a massive midway and a frantic nightlife. Pancake breakfasts are a daily occurrence in neighbourhoods around the city. Everyone casts aside ties and suits in favour of cowboy hats, boots and jeans. And it’s not just a local thing. The visit last year of Prince William and his wife Kate only added to the international hype. The event is No. 5 on CNN’s top places to visit in 2012 and on the American network’s list of “15 places to party sort of like a rock star.” It describes the Stampede as a place to drink, dance, get dirty and to “yell yee-haw and soak up the Wild West lifestyle.” The Stampede has also become an important symbol representing the city, says University of Calgary profes-
sor Aritha van Herk, author of “Mavericks: An Incorrigible History of Alberta.” “In truth, the Stampede brand, the western hospitality, the cowboy icon is a brand that most cities would pay $3 billion for. It’s recognizable. It’s unique and we don’t have to agree with it,” van Herk says. “It’s a great leveller. All of a sudden everybody’s the same. You can’t tell the bank manager from the bus driver.” The event isn’t without its critics. Animal rights groups have been focusing on the Stampede rodeo for years decrying the death and injury of animals, primarily in the popular chuckwagon event, where teams of horses pull a covered cart around a track. The Vancouver Humane Society has used letter-writing campaigns to try to get sponsors to back away from rodeo events. Telecommunications company Bell didn’t sponsor the rodeo this year, but still sponsors other Stampede events.
People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals intends to protest outside events beginning this weekend along with Calgary animal rights activists. Lindsay Rajt calls it a “cruel spectacle” and an “embarrassment to Canada.” “There’s a reason that we religiously target the Stampede year after year and that’s because it’s one of the worst events out there. “People have been protesting this for years and years and years and sometimes we sound like a broken record,” said Rajt. “The bottom line is when people are using animals for entertainment and for profit you’re going to see animal welfare suffering.” The continued popularity of the Stampede comes from nostalgia for a time that is long past, says van Herk. “It’s over. It was over when Guy Weadick launched the first one,” she says. “The 1912 Stampede was because the Old West was over. But that doesn’t mean you have to stop celebrating.”
Are you a senior who just needs a little help? We are now accepting new clients Dementia / Alzheimer clients welcome
Call April Cashman 250-368-6838 www.MyAlternatives.ca
Serving Rossland Warfield Trail Montrose & Fruitvale
Trail Daily Times Friday, July 6, 2012
Ponds provide perfect backyard sanctuary
Celebrating businesses & property owners who go g that tha att eextra milee tto a o ma m make k TTrail ke railili sso ra o sp special pec ecia i l ia
eed a place to unwind, read a book, or kick back with a frosty glass filled with your favorite drink and tinkling ice cubes. A pond or water feature can be a place of contemplation and reflection or mask the unwanted sound of noisy traffic. It can also be a place to marvel at the iridescent orange and yellow of a cluster of gold fish or bask in the vibrant pinks, yellows and reds of the water lily. Water has a marvelous reflective quality, showing off the deepest blue of the sky and the effervescent greens and hues of the plants surrounding it. The local habitat also benefits from water features with the introduction of beneficial insects such as dragonflies (wish eat mosquito larvae)
DROVER Ground Rules in Gardening It provides a home for small creatures such as amphibians, and reptiles, which are decreasing in numbers more and more each year. Birds frequently
Arlington g Hotel
eexterior b business ussin ines eesss im imporvements mpo p rv rvem ements em
ffrontage fron fr ron ontta age g landscape llan a dssca an cape p improvements pe impr prov pr ovem ov e ents em ts
Ye Olde Flower Shoppe
curb cu urb appeal apppea eall decorations, deco de coratitiion ons, s,, ďŹ‚oral ďŹ‚or ďŹ‚or o al and and n winter win nte terr interest intereestt in
St. Andrewâ€™s Anglican Church landscaping la and dsc s ap ping g an and d ga g garden r en rd n
TD Bank Financial Group tree p planting g campaign p g
T hanks to our Major Sponsors: 8130 Old Waneta Road 250.364.1311
BETTY DROVER PHOTO
Ponds add colour, serenity and soothing sounds. However, proper planning is the key. flock to water as a place to drink and bathe. No matter what type of feature you have, water always adds something special to a garden landscape. It is important to lay out a plan for your water feature. Consider sight lines (where do I want to be able to see it from). Also, give some thought as to whether it will fit into the existing landscape, blend and enhance what is already there, being careful, not to compete with something else for the same space. Furthermore, consider what sun requirements are needed. Certain plants or the introduction of fish in a pond, require at
least six hours of sunlight. A pond can be elaborate or plain depending on the time and ambition you have to put into the project. The construction of a water feature does not have to be complicated. It can be as simple as plugging the bottom of a great pot. Care must be taken when selecting a pot, whether itâ€™s terracotta or glazed, make sure that it is properly sealed on the inside to make it waterproof. The use of silicon sealants and waterproofing sealer for the bottom and sides will achieve this nicely. Ponds can be as detailed as a dug out feature complete
with multi levels and waterfalls. Make sure to conceal unsightly pond liners, plastic hoses, and water pumps. Then consider what will complete the feature; will there be fish and pond plants, bubbling water spouts or flowing falls. Water features also provide a whole new direction in the use of specialized plantings. Aquatic plants require particular attention to thrive. Most are depth sensitive, requiring careful planning as to placement in the feature. A favorite plant is the water lily. It is known for its charming, rich, eye catching blooms. There are
many hardy water lilies such as â€œLittle Sueâ€? or â€œPeaches and Creamâ€? available for zones 4 and 5. They prefer their roots to be spread out in half-bushel containers filled with specialty aquatic or clay based soil to anchor the roots and get their nourishment from the water. No matter what type of water feature you choose, it can only deepen your capacity to provide the hidden sanctuary we all strive to achieve in our yards. Betty Drover operates a local garden business and shares this space with business partner Patty Siddall every other Friday. Contact: 250364-1005
THIS FRIDAYâ€™S TOTAL JACKPOT PRIZES
$50 MILLION JACKPOT EST.
MAXMILLIONS 50 x $1 MILLION EST.
Know your limit, play within it.
!"!! ! "!# #"! "!# ! ! &" $!%"! !!& ! &"!
Â“Â›ÂŠÂ˜Â™Â’ÂŠÂ“Â™Â‰Â›ÂŽÂ˜Â”Â— ÂŠÂˆÂšÂ—ÂŽÂ™ÂŽÂŠÂ˜ Â“ÂˆÇ€ ÂŠÂ’Â‡ÂŠÂ—Â”Â‹Â™Â?ÂŠÂˆÂ”Â™ÂŽÂ†Â‡Â†Â“Â? Â—Â”ÂšÂ•ČŽ ČœČĄČĄČĄÂŠÂˆÂ”Â“Â‰Â›ÂŠÂ“ÂšÂŠ Â—Â†ÂŽÂ‘Ć˝Ç€Ç€ČœČ&#x;Č? ÂŠÂ‘Ç€ĆżČ?Č Č›Ç‚ČžČĄČ&#x;Ç‚Č›Č›Č?Č› ÂŒÂˆÂ?Â†Â’Â•Â†ÂŒÂ“ÂŠČ‡Â‰ÂšÂ“Â‰ÂŠÂŠÂœÂŠÂ†Â‘Â™Â?Ç€ÂˆÂ”Â’