BANDIRMA Park competıtıon a new park for the future of the cıty Competition Book
BANDIRMA Park COMPETITION A new park for the future of the cÄąty This competition has been organised on the initiative of Balikesir Metropolitan Municipality in 2016â€“17. competition.balikesir.bel.tr email@example.com #BandirmaCompetition
table of contents from the mayor
the competitıon 1. Introduction 2. About the competition 3. Jury Members
7 7 8 9
The project site 1. Area and its vicinity 2. Images from the site 3. Microclimate
27 27 30 38
RESTRICTIONS 1. Historical buildings 2. Existing landscape 3. Buildable area 4. Obstacle clearance height
45 45 48 50 52
DELıVERABLES and SUBMIssION FORMAT 1. Information given to participants 2. Deliverables 3. Registration 4. Submission 5. Digital submission format for panels
63 63 63 64 64 66
from the mayor
The city of Balikesir, with all its infrastructural and economical potential, is on a continuous progress of development and transformation to become a prominent city of its region. Located where mega projects such as Izmit Gulf Transit and the Istanbul-Izmir Highway; Istanbul-Izmir High Speed Train Line, logistic centres and Canakkale 1915 Bridge intersect, Balikesir is on a strategically important position with regard to the development of the Marmara Basin where 20 million people reside. Balikesir is being re-planned in accordance with a new integrative vision shaped by the current state of industrial, tourism, agricultural and transportation sectors by taking the advantages of its geographical position. In this context, the city prepares itself with a future perspective for growth while tending to control the possible negative effects of unregulated development caused by industrialization; as many rapidly transforming cities are used to experience before. Thus, the contemporary agenda planning the city of Balikesir is being shaped by a new futuristic perspective and vision accordingly. Currently, Balikesir is being re-planned according to a new integrative vision shaped by the current state of industrial, tourism, agricultural and transportation sectors and the advantages its geographical position provides. We are making quick preparations for a futuristic perspective for Balikesir in order to protect it from the possible negative effects of unregulated development caused by rapid industrialization; a major problem in many cities in recent history. Thus we are making Balikesir city plans according to this futuristic perspective and vision. Since the foundation of the metropolitan municipality, it has been our main duty both to maintain transformation and dynamism in the city centre and to distribute all services fairly and equitably across the whole city. Now our Bandirma is on the course of becoming one of the most prominent industrial and logistic cities of the future. The two elements shaping a cityâ€™s development process; industry and R&D, cannot exist without the scientific atmosphere of universities, but more importantly without the ideal urban environment they need. This very reason is why the selected Bandirma as the subject of this international competition. In addition, the need for an area which would be a unique and creative step in the urban development process aiming to raise the quality of urban space and the well-being of the citizens was another important factor for this competition. Because Bandirma, a city where tradition leads the way to the future and a candidate to shoulder the increasing population of metropolises; and also the whole city of Balikesir are in need of such spaces with certain qualifications. Located only a step away from universities and students of surrounding cities, Bandirma will have a brand new, innovative identity with this project. An international competition as a method for this area is going to enable us to select and realize the right project in regard to the scientific and aesthetically needs of a recreation area which embodies universal values. This design will serve our Bandirma as the centre of social life and act positively to attain the goal of social unity. I already wish the best of luck to all participants. Ahmet Edip Ugur Mayor Balikesir Metropolitan Municipality
the competitÄąon Introduction The competition Jury Members
ıntroductıon Bandirma Park Competition invites competitors to generate innovative ideas for developing a new genre of park cultivating the notion of spatial design and planning as well as creating a recreational center at the regional scale. Located in the most dynamic region of Turkey, Bandirma is planned to perform as the major gateway of the growing Turkish industrial export after the envisioned new port. It is foreseen that this regional transformation will catalyze the desired metamorphosis of the spatial quality for the city of Bandirma. The project site, in this regard, suggests a strong opportunity to provide a new and alternative open public space within the dense fabric of the city through the future post-industrial transformation of the region. Jury’s main expectations from the competitors, in this framework, is to design an open milieu for generating research and development, experiencing and experimenting space and design, sharing and transferring the universal design knowledge and conception through direct involvement of the public. The existing architectural heritage and the unique characteristics of the natural landscape within the site is to be a valuable ground for conceiving a vital environment for design and research. 7
The jury will be looking for creative solutions which are based on integrative, coherent and rich design proposals that will stimulate a new focal area accommodating a diverse set of activities and uses (i.e. recreation, retail and accommodation) in the service of the city and the region. With this regard, the major concerns of the jury are; • Ensuring the integration of the project site with the city, • Creating a focal area to act as the generator of the future transformation, • Developing a sensitive approach to existing landscape context; site ecology, historical and cultural heritage, • Devising spatially open, publicly accessible and socially inclusive organization on the site. It is believed that with their original program and content, the selected design schemes will suggest a pioneering model that inspires new and novel applications in different urban contexts.
the competition aim of the competition On the basis of the creative nature of architecture, spatial design and planning, the competition aims to meet the rich knowledge and experiment of space and design with different parties including citizens, professionals and students within an active recreational park. To be in the service of a large number of design schools in its region, Bandirma Park is aimed to have a strong functional programme that responds to the actual necessity of Bandirma lacking a vital recreational area to enrich the everyday life in the city. TYPE AND FORMAT The competition is an open call international one stage urban design competition. PARTICIPAtion This competition is open to the participation of architects, city planners and landscape architects. The competition jury recommends composition of the teams by different disciplines. As per Turkish regulations, at least one architect must take part in each team.
LANGUAGE The official language of the competition is English. This means all texts (headings, labels, legends, etc.) to appear on the submissions, the documents to be provided alongside the boards, and all official documents for registration, the questions addressed to the organisers should be in English. The available documents and organisation’s answers will also be in English. questıons For Frequently Asked Questions you can see competition.balikesir.bel.tr/FAQ prizes 1st prize 360.000 try (100.000 €) 2nd prize 250.000 try (70.000 €) 3rd prize 145.000 try (40.000 €) Seven Honorable Mentions (from 1st to 7th) 70.000 try (20.000 €) each Following the notification of the results, the prizes and mentions above will be paid to winners within 30 days at the latest. There will be no tax cut in the above mentioned amounts.
timetable Announcement of the competition December 1, 2016, Thursday Deadline for questions December 21, 2016, Wednesday Notification of replies December 28, Wednesday Registration deadline February 3, 2017, Friday, 23:59 (GMT+3) Deadline for registration documents submission by post February 24, 2017, Friday Project submission deadline February 24, 2017, Friday, 23:59 (GMT+3) Jury deliberation begins March 1, 2017, Wednesday Colloquium March 26, 2017, Sunday, 14:00 (GMT+3)
jury members louıs becker, hennıng larsen Architects Architect Louis Becker is Design Principal and Partner at Henning Larsen Architects. With nearly three decades in practice, the scope of his experience spans from the design of cultural icons to city districts, with a particular focus on new building, urban place-making, and the relationship between space, light, and human well-being and interaction. Working in diverse cultures and climates in +20 countries worldwide, Louis works to enhance the built environment through context-driven design. In 2011, Louis was awarded the Eckersberg Medal by the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts as a special recognition of his contribution to the field of architecture and international achievements.
odıle decq, studıo odıle decq Architect & Urban planner. Chairperson of the jury panel. Odile Decq is a French architect and urban planner International renown came in 1990, with her first major commission: La Banque Populaire de l’Ouest in Rennes. Since then, Odile Decq has been faithful to her fighting attitude while diversifying and radicalising her research. Her early and unusual career was acknowledged in 1996 by the Golden Lion at the Venice Biennale. Other than just a style, an attitude or a process, Odile Decq’s work materialises a complete universe that embraces urban planning, architecture, design and art. Her multidisciplinary approach was recently recognised in 2016 with the Jane Drew Prize and with the Prix Femme Architecte in 2013. Odile Decq has been teaching architecture for the past 25 years, a commitment ratified by the opening in 2014 of her own school in Lyon, France.
c. abdI gUzer, CAG Architectural Workshop Architect, PhD C. Abdi Guzer graduated from the Department of Architecture at Middle East Technical University in 1982. He received a British Council research grant and studied on ‘Architectural Criticism’ at the University of Newcastle upon Tyne. Guzer received his doctoral degree from METU where he is currently leading one of the groups in the 4th year architectural design studio. He acted as the vice chair of the Department of Architecture, director of the Program on Architectural Design, Vice Dean of the Faculty of Architecture at Middle East Technical University and the Chairperson of Architects’ Association 1927. Guzer has been a jury member in several architectural competitions and received many awards and mentions in national and international competitions including three first prizes. He realizes most of his projects through METU and has several completed projects including METU MATPUM Research Center, which received YEM Design Award in 2008 and Zeugma Museum, which received Turkish Presidential Award in 2012.
Martin Rein-Cano, topotek 1 Landscaping architect Martin Rein-Cano was born in Buenos Aires in 1967. He studied Art History at Frankfurt University and Landscape Architecture at the Technical Universities of Hannover and Karlsruhe. He trained in the office of Peter Walker and Martha Schwartz in San Francisco. In 1996 he founded TOPOTEK 1. TOPOTEK 1 partakes in a wide variety of international projects and has achieved the first prize in various competitions. Several professional books and articles have been published exclusively on his work, which has been honoured with many awards and prizes, last the Aga Khan Award for Architecture 2016. Martin Rein-Cano has been appointed as a guest professor in different academic institutions in Europe and North America, such as Harvard University. Presently he is teaching at the Dessau Institute for Architecture. He frequently lectures at internationally renowned universities and cultural institutions and regularly serves on competition juries.
günther vogt, Vogt Landschaftsarchitekten Landscaping architect 10
Günther Vogt is a landscape architect with a passion for and a deep knowledge of plants and literature. He founded Vogt Landscape in 2000. Today he develops national and international projects of all types and sizes with some forty employees in his offices in Zurich, London and Berlin. He’s Professor for Landscape Architecture at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) in Zurich, Department of Architecture, and was Chairman of Network City and Landscape (NSL). In 2010 he opened his Case Studio VOGT in Zurich. Meant for both office and ETH chair, it is a platform for research and exhibition. Günther was awarded with the Prix Meret Oppenheim 2012 for his projects and surveys both in landscape architecture and urban development and his constant work with architects and artists. For the fall semester 2012, he was visiting professor in the Faculty for Landscape Architecture at the Harvard GSD.
advısory jury members Ahmet Edip Ugur, balıkesir metropolitan municipality Mayor Ahmet Edip Ugur was born in Balikesir. He completed his primary and secondary education in Istanbul Isiklar Secondary School and completed his higher education in İstanbul State Engineering and Architectural Academy. He became the head of the Balikesir Chamber of Commerce and became the branch chairperson of the Balikesir Businesspeople Association. He has been continuing to be the head of the Vegetable Oil Industrialists Association since 2008. He first became the member of the 18th parliament from Balikesir. As the Founder State President of The Justice and Development Party in Balikesir, Ahmet Edip Ugur was elected as the member of the 22th, 23th, 24th parliament respectively. In 2008 he worked as the vice chairman of the Justice and Development Party and worked as the head of the “Financial and Administrative Affairs”. In the Election of the Local Administrations in 2014, he as a candidate of the Justice and Development Party was elected as the mayor of the Balikesir Metropolitan Municipality.
Ali ozerk, turkish Chamber of Architects balikesir chapter Chairman of the chapter, Architect Mehmet Ali Ozerk was born in 1959. In 1977 he started to undergraduate program of architecture in Istanbul Yildiz Technical University. In 1980 he left the Yildiz Technical University and continue with his education at École Nationale Supérieure des Beaux-Arts in Lyon/France. In 1983 he moved back to Yildiz Technical University and graduated from architecture program in 1987. After 5 years of working in Istanbul, he moved back to Balikesir. Since 1993 Mehmet Ali Ozerk has his own office and he designed most valuable buildings in Balikesir. For four years from now he is head of the TMMOB Chamber of Architects Balikesir Branch.
ebru erdOnmez, yıldız technıcal university Architect, PhD Ebru Erdonmez graduated from Yildiz Technical University Faculty of Architecture in 1995. She started her academic career in 1996 as a research assistant, and became an assistant professor in 2006 and an associate professor in 2011. She was a visiting lecturer in Siegen University’s Department of Architecture between years 2006-2007. Ebru Erdonmez has authored and edited several books, conference proceedings and papers. She received several awards in national and international architectural competitions, and currently continues her career as an associate professor in Yildiz Technical University Faculty of Architecture.
serkan sınmaz, enspd Urban planner, PhD Serkan Sinmaz is an urban planner. He worked as an urban planner for Istanbul Metropolitan Planning Center between the years of 2005-2008 and then worked as a research assistant for Yildiz Technical University until 2013. He received his PhD from Yildiz Technical University, Department of City and Regional Planning in 2014. Currently he teaches urban design master program at Yildiz Technical University and is the owner of KENTAS Planning and Architecture Company.
omer yılmaz, arkitera archıtecture centre Architect, Honorary Chair of Arkitera Architecture Center
Omer Yilmaz studied architecture in Istanbul Technical University (ITU). After his graduation, he worked for excavations in Hasankeyf, Arykanda, Byzantine City Walls, Karaman Binbir Church, Silifke Aya Tekla Church. From 1993 to 1997 he worked as a design architect and between the years 1997 and 1999 he worked as a construction supervisor. Omer Yilmaz co-founded Arkitera Architecture Center in October 2000. From 2000 to 2015 he was the chairman of Arkitera Architecture Center executive board. Since 2016, Omer Yilmaz has the honorary chair in Arkitera Architecture Center and he is the founder-coordinator of Kivi Strateji.
substıtute jury members Olgu calıskan, mıddle east technıcal unıversity Urban planner, PhD Having completed his doctoral degree on urbanism at TU Delft, the Netherlands in 2013, he has been lecturing at METU Faculty of Architecture, Department of City and Regional Planning and coordinating the Master of Urban Design Studio as assistant professor. His publications involve the book, Urban Compactness (VDM, 2009), guest editorial for the journal of Built Environment (2011), and several articles, including those in the Journal of Urban Design (2010/15), and Journal of Architectural and Planning Research (2011) and Urban Design International (2012). His main research interests are physical planning and design, urban morphology, urban design theory and methodology, and visualisation in urbanism.
Meltem Erdem Kaya, ıstanbul technical university Landscape architect, PhD Meltem Erdem Kaya is Associate Professor of Landscape Architecture at Istanbul Technical University (ITU). She worked as a visiting scholar in the Landscape Ecology, Perception, and Design Lab at the University of Michigan, School of Natural Resources and Environment, USA, in 2010. Her research and teaching focuses on methods of landscape design, ecological approaches in landscape design, landscape characteristics and morphological studies on rural settlements, regenerative strategies for urban vacant lots. Dr. Erdem Kaya is actively participating design competitions and holds various awards at national level. Her professional practice focuses on landscape architecture projects ranging from small scale public spaces to large scale planning projects in urban and rural context. She is currently co-director of the Department of Landscape Architecture at ITU.
Burak Haznedar, TEB Architecture Architect, Urban designer Burak Haznedar is a practicing architect, urban designer, and co-founder of TEB Architecture LLC. He has led the design and execution of projects for government and non-governmental agencies, institutions, alongside commissions from corporations and individuals. He studied architecture (B.Arch.) and architectural design (MSc.Arch.) at Yildiz Technical University, Istanbul. He also holds a master’s degree in urban design from ETH Zurich (MAS ETH UD), with a focus on urban transformations in developing territories. He has lectured and taught at various levels of design studios, and served as a guest critic at renowned universities in Turkey and abroad.
rapporteurs aytekin aktan, bal覺kesir metropolitan municipal覺ty Construction technician Aytekin Aktan was born in 1979 in Balikesir. Between 2003 and 2008, he worked at BE-HA-SE and Uluova Construction Companies, as a supervisor for HEPP, dam, road and superstructue constructions. In 2008 he started working at Balikesir Metropolitan Municipality. He is currently the urban planning branch manager.
Elif Demiroglu, Arkitera Architecture Center Urban planner
After completing her bachelor degree in Gazi University, City and Regional Planning in the year of 2011 she started her MSc degree in Urban Design ITU Institute of Science and Technology. Later in 2012 she started working in an interdisciplinary office where she mostly focused on projects such as public space design, urban renewal and campus design for three years. Alongside working professionally, she continued to enter design competitions. Since April 2015, she has been working as Yarismayla Yap Project Manager at Arkitera Architecture Center and taking part in organization of design competitions.
bilge kobas, super e覺ght Architect Bilge had her BSc degree from Istanbul Technical University in 2008 and her MSc degrees from ITU and Architectural Association School of Architecture. She studied sustainable environmental design and building physics, and wrote several papers on sustainable design principles, intelligence in architectural context, legislative background of sustainable practices, and green building certification systems. She co-founded Super Eight in 2014, an architectural design and research studio based in Istanbul. She is a member of Herkes icin Mimarl覺k (Architecture for All) since 2012 and has been leading design studios and giving lectures on building physics in various schools since 2014.
ece ozden pak, enspd Urban planner Ece graduated from Yildiz Technical University City and Regional Planning in 2007. Afterwards she worked in Istanbul European Capital Culture of 2010 Agency’s Urban Projects Directorate as an assistant in 2007. She completed her master thesis at Yildiz Technical University’s urban design program in 2011 while she was working at British Council’s art in public space themed, EU financed My City project. In 2012 she started working in the secretariat of Chamber of City Planners’ Istanbul Branch. She continues her studies on urban development and metropolitanisation as a PhD candidate at Istanbul Technical University. Besides, she is actively participating in urban movements. She works as an urban designer at ENSPD since October 2016.
can sucuoglu, iyi ofis Architect Can Kadir Sucuoğlu, graduated from Yildiz Technical University at 2005 and completed his M.Arch degree at Southern California Institute of Architecture (Sci-Arc). From 2007 to 2009 he worked at Jorge Pardo Sculpture in Los Angeles and at this time he specialized in digital design and production techniques. He continued his career as a design coordinator in Warsaw 2. Metro Line in Poland and became a partner at Iyiofis 2012. Iyiofis has been providing design services to leading Turkish and worldwide institutions and exhibit work in various biennials and exhibitions. He is a part time tutor in Istanbul Bilgi University.
about bandırma The district of Bandirma is located in the Marmara Region, where both the highest general population, the city population, and density rates in Turkey can be observed. Being the home of Istanbul, one of the most prominent metropolises of the globe, the region draws attention with the density, production and development rates. of Southern Marmara (the area surrounding Bursa and Balikesir) and Eastern Marmara (Kocaeli-Gebze line). Numerous lowlands in the South Marmara Region enables the agricultural sector to flourish. Including the Lake Manyas, located near the competition site, tectonic lakes such as Ulubat and Iznik are in the region as well. A typical region shaped by agricultural and industrial activities, South Marmara’s most advanced sectors are automotive, livestock industry, textile and canning. In the up-country Balikesir, agriculture dominates the industrial activities. In addition, sugar, flour, feed, casting, agricultural equipment and machinery, transformers, fluorescent lighting equipment, cotton textile, paper, furniture, synthetic textile and electrical equipment are being manufactured in the region. In Edremit Bay area, canning, soap, herbal tea and olive oil manufacturers are common. Boron in Susurluk and marble in Marmara Isle are being mined. On the other hand, Bandirma is famous for its industries for chemical substance, wine and fertilizer production. With 8 chambers of commerce and 5 commercial exchanges, Balikesir exports its products both to Turkey and abroad from the Bandirma Port. Balikesir is also known for its therapeutic thermal springs that dates back to ancient times, among which Gonen, Edremit-Gure, Sindirgi Hisaralan, Bigadic Hisarkoy and Balya spas and hot springs are the most famous. The foundation of Bandirma dates back to the 8th and 9th centuries, whereas today’s modern city started to take shape on the northwestern hillsides of the city in the 19th century. The industrial progress at the time caused the sprawl across southeast territories along the main road. In the following years, the city has developed westwards, where the competition site is also located. As far as the population progress of Bandirma is concerned, the years 1980 and 2010 were significant turning points. After the Bandirma Port has been put into service, the population increased from 50.000 to 100.000 between 1980-2000; and then continued to rise in the 2000s fueled by the developing industrial sector until it reached 150.000. In the last 15 years, the city’s population growth rate is 43% and there is a rural population of 20.000 as well. The residents of Bandirma has a high level of education. The literacy rate of the city is 99,5%. The 25% of the residents are postgraduates, whereas 30% have graduated form secondary education. The structure of its population and high rate of urbanization has enabled Bandirma to advance rapidly in the field of education.
People of an age range between 15-40 make up the 39% of the total population, while people 0-15 years old are the 20%. These data are expected to increase during the realization of planned projects. Besides, the non-existent balance between the rural and urban population of the area indicates a short-distance migration potential from rural to urbanized areas in the following years. Thus the projectional environmental plan of the year 2040 implies that the population in the city will increase fourfold while decreasing to 16.500 in the rural areas, meaning a high rate urbanization is to be expected. This demographical transformation in Bandirma is expected to cause changes in transportation infrastructure as well. Located today within the hinterland of Istanbul, Bursa and Izmir, the city is connected to Istanbul and Tekirdag via maritime line and to Balikesir, Izmir, Canakkale and Bursa via highway. Consequently, making regional plans means an increase in the accessibility of the city. Taking the transportational connections and perspectives of industrial progress into account, the city is being re-planned due to newly designed connections (Trakya Highway, Dardanelles Bridge, Canakkale-Bandirma-Bursa-Ankara High-Speed Train Line, Bandirma-Izmir High-Speed Train Line, Ä°stanbul-Izmir Highway) causing the industrial sector to become prominent. 18
From this point of view, Bandirma is up for being one of the important cities supporting the near by metropolises such as Istanbul and Balikesir which are overburdened already. Agricultural industry plays an important role in Bandirmaâ€™s economy. Grains in particular, but also tobacco, cotton, sugar beet, olives and grapes, and additionally vegetables are widely grown on the fertile and cultivated lands of the region. Fishing industry and water products are among the main means of living. The industrial sector is dominated by manufacturing. Raw material for agro-industries is largely provided by the region. The raw material resources being located near Bandirma has been a significant factor for the development of agro-industries. As door opening to the tourism corridor leading from Alacam Mountains and KapÄądag Peninsula, famous focal points for hunting and eco-tourism to Canakkale, Manyas and Edremit Gulf, Bandirma is not only a tourism centre but also has a high potential for renewable energy industries with its rich natural resources. Evolving into an industrial, touristic and transportational focal point, the region is showing rapid progress and is under the pressure of development; and the new plans are being made accordingly.
Some of the most important guides for the regionâ€™s development, the Southern Marmara Development Agencyâ€™s 2013-2023 regional plan and the 1/100.000 environmental plan approved in 2014 identify Bandirma as a centre of attraction. These plans indicate that Bandirma will be a new, large-scale industrial city in the Marmara Region, a gate opening to the globe and one of the most significant logistic cities in Turkey with the Bandirma Port (the second largest port in Southern Marmara), an important point of the highway and railroad ring system encircling the Marmara Region with its high connectivity to Trakya-Izmir-Istanbul highway line and the new road plans, and finally will develop into a tourism area due to its connection to the Kapidag Peninsula and Marmara Isles, thus forming the Bandirma-Canakkale tourism corridor.
The west and southwestern periphery of the project area surrounded with dwelling development area while the eastern part intersects with the central axis of the city along with the harbour. Image to the left depicts the urban sprawl throughout the time, showing how the city has grown over the past 30 years.
Below image shows the industrial areas, and planned techno park. The dotted lines are planned highways and high-speed trains.
Image to the left illustrates the city in the larger context with the main axis, city center and important landmarks.
nearby places lake manyas, 1 Lake Manyas is a lake in western Turkey, located in the Bandırma region, 17 km from the project site. Manyas Lake is an important site for breeding and wintering waterbirds. In 1938 the Kus Cenneti (Turkish for “Bird Paradise”) nature reserve was set up by the German zoologist and hydrologist Curt Kosswig who worked in Turkey from 1937-1955. This 64 hectare sanctuary occupies a largely unspoiled area of the lakeside near Sigircik in the northeast corner of the lake. More than 270 species of birds have been recorded at the lake. Important bird species include white-headed duck (Oxyura leucocephala), Eurasian spoonbill (Platalea leucorodia), greater flamingo (Phoenicopterus roseus), plus breeding populations of the vulnerable Dalmatian pelican (Pelecanus crispus). Migrating great white pelicans (Pelecanus onocrotalus) often roost at the lake.
mılıtary aır base, 2 Bandirma Military Air Base is an active air force base 4 km from the project area. Due to the air traffic, there is an obstacle clearance height limit for the most of Bandirma District. The height limit for the project area is shown in Restrictions chapter.
new band覺rma port, 3 The upcoming port project is projected to be second largest trading port in Turkey. As the extension of the planned industrial zone, the port is expected to be completed in 2018. BANDIRMA SHORELINE park, 4 The park at the shoreline is where the city center meets the Sea of Marmara.
kap覺dag pen覺nsula, 5 Located at the north-west side of the project area, 20 km to the site, Kapidag Peninsula is a tombolo in northwestern Anatolia extending into the Sea of Marmara. The peninsula forms the Gulf of Band覺rma on its east and the Gulf of Erdek on its west.
The project site Area and its vicinity Images from the site Microclimate
area and ıts vıcınıty The site of the competition is located within the Yenimahalle and Ayyıldız neighbourhoods, with in the district of Bandırma in the city of Balıkesir. The competition area may be seen at bit.ly/ bandirmadpc Overlooking the Marmara Sea and the whole city, the competition site is located in the west of the city centre and is around 26 ha. It is within the walking distance of the city centre and the port and is going to be used as a large scale, open public place near the centre of Bandırma. In addition to its connectivity to the city centre and the port area, the west and southwest of the competition site is surrounded by new housing development areas. It is possible to arrive at the competition site using the Port Way and the Erdek Way. The Port Way is also one of the two main roads which connect the port with the freeway. Thanks to Bandırma’s favorable location, the site is also within 2-3 hours distance by road from the 72 universities located in surrounding cities. Directly related to the competition site, the existing city centre is one of the most important commercial and industrial places of the region. While agriculture sets the ground for economy in the rural areas, industrial facilities are mostly located around the city centre. One of the important factors for the commercial progress in Bandırma is its busy port and its proximity to close by trade centres. Located in the northeast of the competition site, Bandırma Port is the largest port on the Marmara Sea after Istanbul. With 12 meters of depth, the port has the capacity for 15 ships with a maximum weight of 20.000 gross tons to dock and load/unload cargo simultaneously. The export from the port mainly includes industrial goods, minerals, chicken meat, eggs, sea food and water products. 70% of the import consists of industrial raw material, and the remaining percentage comprises industrial products, consumer goods and minerals. Bandırma Port is located where Istanbul is connected to Southern Marmara and Aegean Regions. Advanced and well-equipped, it is an entrance gate to Istanbul. This feature has been improved with the fast ferry trips between Istanbul and Bandırma, started in 1998.
Äąmages from the sÄąte
aerıal photo of the project sıte
cÄąty center and the shorelÄąne
mıcroclımate Due to its location on the Balkanic continental climate transitional area, several climatic features may be observed in the district. According to the data of 62 years, the lowest temperature was measured as -14.6 ºC (January 15, 1954) and the highest as 42.4 ºC (July 9, 2000) in Bandırma. The average temperature is 14 ºC. The predominant wind direction is north-northeast and the average wind speed is 15 km per hour. The average precipitation of the district is 703,3 kg/m, and the annual relative humidity is 73%.
But microclimatic conditions in the project site are slightly different considering that the area is very close to the sea and vulnerable to the northern wind throughout the year. There are no recorded climate data sets specifically for the site, but the infographics given here should be used as a close reference.
Most of the year, particularly in cold months, the dry bulb temperature range is out of the thermal neutrality zone. Additionally, the fact that wind and humidity might create even lower physiologically equivelant temperatures, causing a bigger discomfort. Considering some parts of the project will have open and semiopen areas, this should be taken into consideration.
In the hotter months, solar azimuth and the amount of solar radiation might be considerably high. Necessary passive climatisation solutions should be suggested accordingly.
As mentioned previously, the dominant wind direction is north and north-north east and north-north west. The wind roses above show wind trends for winter (1 November – 31 January) and summer (1 June – 31 August). Please note that the legends have different change, and actually the most frequent wind 40
occurs from the north, with a speed of 10 km/h, 4.8% of the winter, whereas the most frequent wind is 15 km/h, and 2.6% of the summer months. Also keep in mind that the temperature of the air these currents carry are vastly different; the summer temepratures range between 20 and 25°c while winter winds’ temperatures are between subzero and 15°c.
See some preliminary CFD analyses below and on the left, showing the local stress and pressure points. The topography of the site highlightens the speed of the wind, causing critical spots. This effect can be seen in the site photos, where the trees in the yellow coloured areas in the simulation images are dramatically bent due to strong winds.
RESTRICTIONS Historical heritage Existing foliage Buildable area Obstacle clearance height
hıstorıcal herıtage It is known that the area has been used as a military storage for around 40 years, and was abandoned at early 2000s. The land was officially kept as a military area until the middle of 2016, and was handed over to the Municipality later on. Due to the site’s former function, it is not possible to provide detailed documents about its history. Currently the remains of the military buildings can still be seen at the site. In the official statement from Directorate of Natural Heritage Preservation; 21 of these buildings/ruins are listed as “cultural heritage to be preserved” due to their artistic, architectural, historical, aesthetical, local, ornamental, symbolical, documental, functional, financial, commemorative, influential, unique, characteristic, material, constructional and stylistic qualities and registered under 2nd group of preservation. 2nd group of preservation allows for the alterations that do not reflect on the facade. Competitiors are not obliged to protect the remaining structures. The listed buildings can be seen in the drawing in the following pages. They are also shown in a separate layer (named “Historic”) in the CAD file.
LISTED BUILDINGS The listed historical buildings/ruins are marked yellow in the perspective image below. The unmarked remains are not protected, and the decision of incorporating them in the design or having them removed is left to the participants. Both the listed and unlisted buildings can be clearly seen in the CAD file. Please note that all the design decisions related to these buildings are to be approved by the Heritage Council.
exÄąstÄąng landscape The competition site is mainly covered with plants of the phrygana (garrigue) family, coniferous tree groups and scattered bushes. Species of phrygana (garrigue) family, such as thorny burnet (Sarcopoterium spinosum), Iberian knapweed (Centaurea iberica), Spanish broom (Spartium junceum), milkvetch (Astragalus sp.), conehead thyme (Coridothymus capitatus) can be found on slopes and along the northern boundary, a part of the area affected by the sea. In tree groups formed by coniferous species such as cedar of Lebanon (Cedrus libani), Brutian pine (Pinus brutia), stone pine (Pinus pinea), Mediterranean cypress (Cupressus sempervirens); deciduous species such as planes (Platanus sp.), almond (Amygdalus communis), fig (Ficus carica) and mulberry trees (Morus sp.) can be found sparsely, as well. In the immediate surroundings of the former remains, the plant cover is dominated by shrubs and mainly by berries (Rubus sp.). Other than trees and shrubs the soil surface is covered herbaceous plants. On the northern slopes of the area, the vegetation cover is not fully intact. The project site is characterized by the mature coniferous tree groups (tree groups of Cedar, Pine and Cypress), mixed tree groups (decidious and conifers) and garrigue formation on the hills of the site. The effect of natural parameters such as wind create a distinctive formation seen on the coniferous trees. Together with the historical ruins the site reflects a dramatic landscape character. With this regard, proposals should develop a sensitive approach to the existing landscape context. The tree groups should be protected and proposals should clearly reflect how the protection and usage balance is provided and reflected throughout the site. The challenging microclimatic conditions (the prevailing wind and sea effect) should also be considered for the new landscape schemas. The manipulations on the land cover (for the garrigue formation) should be explained clearly in the proposals since this formation contributes remarkably to the biological diveresity of the site and reflects the local site ecology. The time aspect of the landscape should be considered as one of the main motivation for the proposals to create a continuous linkage between the past, present and future. The proposals should reflect a site-sensitive approach by integrating the existing landscape elements to the new program. It is important to define the critical ecological linkages and nodes at the larger environmental context and to express how the project site integrates itself into the existing urban systems with its programatic content.
BUILDABLE AREA The grey area shown in the image represents the zone permitted for constructions. The setbacks differ according to the roads and streets next to the site boundries. The exact boundry can be seen in the CAD file.
Obstacle clearance height Due to the military air base nearby, the project site has a maximum height limit for obstacle clearance. The height limit is set to +96.00 m from the sea level, and the existing topography of the land changes between +11.80 m and +65.97 m.
funct覺onal programme Bandirma Park In the new park for the future of the city, design is the underlying theme to be elaborated by innovative proposals. Bandirma Park will be an open platform hosting exhibition, experimentation and research in collaboration with all design and art schools in the region. All the activities programmed within the area is expected to be accessible to everyone and integrated with the everyday life of the city. The project is to reveal a spatial organization, which allows users to experience digital or analog design tools, aspects, approaches and criteria ranging from the scale of building to city. The Band覺rma Park which is an interactive, collective and productive area will facilitate a creative environment in which fundamental knowledge of design processes is generated, shared and experienced. The park aims to raise the general awareness on architecture, planning and design oriented disciplines. The main elements to be explored within the park are; Structure and materials; architectural and infrastructural systems, building and landscape materials. Spatial experience; sense of movement and scale, spatial perception and cognition. Design experience; design tools and methods, design processes, elements and principles etc. Built environment and urban systems; Urban forms and patterns, transportation and infrastructural networks and urban dynamics. Natural and environmental systems; microclimate, energy efficiency, water management, disasters, productive systems and multifunctional landscapes. The jury expects the competitors to diversify and enrich the set of activities. The design proposals are expected to suggest scenarios that generate an integrated, continuous and connected spatial structure, distributing the diverse set of activities throughout the site. All the activities are to be organized through open, semi-open and enclosed spaces accommodating production, experimentation and exhibition.
Design Institute Band覺rma Park houses the Design Institute which aims to create a place where the design faculties from the vicinity can gather, organize meetings, collaborative workshops, symposium, debates. A place for experimentation, innovation, creativity with all kind of media on various scales, not only within the boundaries of the institution but also throughout the Band覺rma Park. It is expected from the competitors to add, modify or expand the content, through flexible spaces without overpassing the surface limit of 3000 sqm of gross area (all included, services, toilets, corridors, etc.). The Design Institute should be open to the terrain, and in some occasions and in limited areas to the general public.
Natural light should be preferred as much as possible considering the protection from direct sun in the rooms described below. Durability and simplicity of materials are important but the acoustic needs to be taken in consideration.
Different elements of the program are: • A main hall for events, exhibitions and lectures for a minimum of 400 people. A cafe may be in the hall. A bookshop may be adjacent and connected to the hall but needs to be separated depending on the operational needs of the hall. • 4 auditoriums of 100 sqm each, which preferably are related with the exterior usage and well equipped for screening. • 4 small lecture rooms of 100 sqm each, that could be transformed into a big hall and separated with movable walls. • 4 workshops or ateliers, to work alone or in a group. • A library of 200 sqm with adequate indirect natural illumination. • 2 multimedia rooms. • 3 meeting rooms for seminars or internal meetings, one of 80 sqm and 2 of 40 sqm. • Staff and administration offices are for the maintenance of the whole park, not only the Institution. • Fabrication workshops (max 200sqm). • Technical rooms and storage. • Service and circulation.
Number of universities with design faculties within 3 hours distance to Bandirma Park. In total, there are 53 faculties and more than 100 departments.
The 4 star Hotel A hotel building with 90 rooms is to be designed. An approximate construction area of 10.000 sqm is expected. Although detailed floor plans are not expected of the participants, how the hotel mass is located in the master plan and is entegrated should be shown. The Convention Centre and 5 star Hotel A congress center including conference and activity venues of various sizes and a connected hotel building with 130 rooms is to be designed. An approximate construction area of 15.000 sqm is expected. Although detailed floor plans are not expected of the participants, how the hotel mass is located in the master plan and is entegrated should be shown. Retail A commercial area of 30.000 sqm area with at least 20.000 sqm lettable area is to be designed. The retail area is expected to be easily accessible by the public.
Additionally, some general notes to be taken into consideration are: * Open and/or closed car park areas should be considered in accordance with the capacity of the structures. * Due to contracting issues, a clear zoning strategy should be taken into consideration while designing the functions. A clear zoning does not necessarily mean one parcel per building, the competitor is expected to illustrate defined boundaries. * The functional diagram below is an abstract scheme and does not correspond to spatial organization.
DELÄ±VERABLES and SUBMIssION FORMAT Information given Deliverables Registration Submission Submission format of the panels
ınformation given The documents for the competition will be provided digitally and/or via internet to the competitors and will include: 1. Specification 2. Information and documents about the competition site: 2.1. The Competition Book 2.2. Zoning Plans 2.2.1. Environmental Plan (Scale 1:25.000) (.dwg) 2.2.2. Master Plan (Scale 1:5.000) (.dwg) 2.2.3. Development Plan (Scale 1:1000) (.dwg) 2.3. Base map (.dwg) 2.4. Geology report (.pdf) 2.5. Site photos 2.6. Link to the aerial video showing the project site 2.7. Climate data 2.8. Competition site model (.3dm, .dxf) 3. Official report of participation including full acceptance of Terms and Conditions 63
All documents and data will be digitally accessible on the competition website during the competition.
deliverables The deliverables are as follows: • Analyses in free scale • Urban context 1/5.000 • Master plan 1/1.000 • Partial site plan 1/500 • Floor plans of retail areas 1/500 • Floor plans, sections and elevations of the institution 1/200 • 3D images • Project report, a maximum of 4 A4s (portrait) • A project summary of a maximum of 300 words, on a separate A4
registration Those who wish to participate in the competition will pay 60 Euros for registration. The amount will be deposited to the Organizer’s bank account with the explanation “Bandirma Competition”. The bank receipt must be sent to the Organizer’s e-mail address, along with participants’ alias, name and contact information. The identification envelope must also be sent by post. The deadline for registration is marked on the competition calendar.
submission The project and its supplements prepared according to the guidelines specified in this document must be submitted to the e-mail address specified in the contact information section, no later than the “deadline for submission of the projects” shown in the competition calendar.
• The project and its supplements will be submitted digitally. The participants should send only the identification envelope separately, via regular mail. • The submission should not be sent as an attachment. A download link for the project should be provided, which should remain active until the “deadline for submission of the projects” shown in the competition calendar. • The digital submission folder including the boards, report and the identification envelope should be the same as the competition alias of the participants. • All content prepared according to the rules specified in “Documents to be Submitted by Competitors” must be in PDF format. • All boards will be printed out by the Organizer. The submitted PDFs should be ready for printing. • The file names given to the boards should be the same as the alias followed by the board sequence number (as in AB1234_1, AB1234_2, AB1234_3, AB1234_4) • The report included in the boards must be submitted separately in PDF format (as in AB1234_ report). • The identification envelope should be submitted digitally in PDF format as well (as in AB1234_ id). • An image should be submitted which will be printed on the summary cards by the rapporteurship (as in AB1234_cover and in jpg or png format). • The visuals used in the boards should be submitted separately in a folder named “images” (in jpg or png format).
submission format for the panels The submitted entries should be arranged on 4 panels of Aos (84.1 cm x 11.9 cm.) The orientation of the panels should be horizontal (landscape). The illustration in the previous page shows how the panels should be used; but please note that the lines shown in the image do not represent actual lines but simply indicate the area borders, meaning you do not have to use actual lines.
al覺as At the upper right corner of every panel should be placed an alias identical for all the panels and chosen by the participant. The alias should be an alphanumeric code composed of 4 digits + 2 letters. The numbers used should not be repeated and in sequential order. The alias should fit in a box that is 2 cm in height and 8 cm in length, placed at 2 cm distance from both edges of the panel. On each panel, at the end of the alias the panel number should be indicated in this format: AB1234-1, AB1234-2, AB1234-3 and AB1234-4. project t覺tle On the upper left should be the project title, chosen by the participant. The project title by no means can indicate the identity of the participant/s.
1A. CONCEPT, EXPLANATORY TEXT, DIAGRAMS AND/OR IMAGES In this area the participants are expected to explain the conceptual ideas, using text, diagrams, and/or images. The architectural report or a portion of it may be used as well. The 1:5000 urban context diagram should be placed in this area, and the urban connections and decisions regarding the port, shoreline, city center should be described on this board. 1B. 1:1000 MASTER PLAN The 1:1000 master plan must be placed in this area, on the specified spot. The upper right corner of the image may be cropped due to the 1C image overlapping. 1C. 1:5000 urban diagram The diagram showing the urban impact zone in 1:5000 scale should be placed as shown in the image.
2A. 1:500 partial site plan The partial site plan can be drawn by any part of the park, which the participant thinks to be the focal point of the project. 2B. LANDSCAPE DESIGN pr覺nciples and des覺gn elements This is a free space to use images, diagrams and text as the participant sees fit, explaining the landscape design and conservation decisions. Details of the landscape elements (lights, urban furniture, pavillions, etc.) can be placed in this area.
3. BUILDINGS The architectural details are expected to be shown in the third panel. The two hotel buildings are expected to be seen as massing and typologies. Even though floor plans are not expected, the programme of the buildings are given so that the participants can understand the user circulation and scenario of the buildings within the park. Floor plans of the retail area is expected to be shown in 1:500 scale. The plans, sections and elevations of the institute are expected in 1:200 scale. Additional diagrams, drawings, sketches, renders, images are left to the participantsâ€™ decision.
4. IMAGES On this board, at least three renders are expected from all participants, of which one will be a bird-eye view, and the other two are eye-level perspectives. Additional renders, images, sketches can be placed if needed.
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Published on Dec 22, 2016