content 08 NEWS 10 Breakthrough 44 Technologies of 2018 26 Rakesh Zutshi
Sr. Manager, Sales and Marketing, Anritsu India
President, Electric Lamp and Component Manufacturersâ€™ Association of India (ELCOMA) & MD, Halonix Technologies Pvt. Ltd
MARKET 17 Artificial Intelligence is Creating Intelligent Enterprises
Single 2MHz Buck-Boost Controller Drives Entire LED Headlight Cluster, Meets CISPR 25 Class 5 EMI
Autonomous Vehicles Recent Trends and Test Methodologies
Lawrence Lin General Manager | MLS
An Easier and More Efficient Way to Keep your LEDs Running Brighter, Longer! BISINFOTECH.COM 05
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LETTER FROM THE EDITOR Integration of What You Want To Read There has been a literary drone flying across the Industrial tech province. Perhaps, complementing everything over the internet nudging with the world of data is well-assisting the said next-gen miniaturized design evidently to empower industrial electronics. A notion to withdraw the statement on security and the unknown potential of IoT has been given the critic-accolades which our readers might turn the pages in this issue to rethink on these nascent yet powerful technologies. Bis Infotech has been the industry theorist where while reaching to industry makes a new resonation on the true discovery of new electronics under the umbrella of ‘Analog’ past which arguably still makes sense. The strive to bring every innovator under the page-limit is not a practice but endeared with purviews on how every organisation is looping into the deepdiving cold ocean of new innovation. Rovering across BIS Infotech March Issue, BIS with its diligent and strong editorial think-tankers has taken a mile forward throughout the month to extend the dialogue on LEDs future. We would like to extend the gratitude to the literary-veterans of the industry who believe in change through “Literary Innovation”. Artificial Intelligence concords with IT&OT would just be witnessed more than elementary in this Issue. To Put the Punch, Every taught technology of today also makes space in this exclusive issue. We understand the boundless barriers of technology and; “Hope You Give Us More Power To Bring You, What You Actually Want to Read”.
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Right Schemes, Smart Sensors and Miniaturization future of Indian Avionics Miniaturization and smart sensors will draw the future-line for Indian Avionics sector. Sensors are not just building smart world but new smart societies of connectivity and ease of life. While addressing the third International Federation of Automatic Control (IFAC) Conference on Advances in Control and Optimisation of Dynamical Systems (ACODS-2018), organised by the DRDO, G Satheesh Reddy, Scientific Advisor to the Defence Minister noted, â€œIntegrated miniaturised avionics, smart sensors and innovative guidance schemes would be the backbone of futuristic aerospace and defence systems. "Integrated, miniaturised avionics and smart
sensors will be the backbone for futuristic aerospace and defence systems. We need to establish necessary infrastructure to provide highly accurate and effective algorithms for the control and guidance of fighter aircrafts, missiles and launch vehicles to make them into next generation systems," Reddy said. Synergetic effor ts of research and development institutes, academia and industries had enabled our country to achieve self-reliance on several technological fronts, he said, adding that technologies had been evolving quickly and the need was to focus on smart and adaptive systems to make our aerospace vehicles cost effective and state-of-the-art.
DRDO Chairman and Secretary, Department of Defence Reserach and Development, S Christopher adds, "Control and guidance technologies are crucial technologies that find widespread applications in both civil and defence sectors. Futuristic weapon systems will be smart, intelligent, complex and technologically advanced."
Electronic Manufacturing Gets New Boost in Andhra Pradesh, Reliance to Invest Rs. 15,000cr Giving a new technological and investment
The MoUs were signed by Reliance president
boost to the state, Andhra Pradesh is
Kiran Thomas and AP governments Principal
now befitting to become an electronic
Secretaries Ajay Jain and K Vijayanand in
manufacturing crony zone for investors.
the presence of Chandrababu Naidu on the
Expanding perennially, Reliance industries
second day of the Partnership Summit here.
lately have signed two new agreements
Reliance, in association with BP International,
with the Andhra Pradesh State Government
plans to develop offshore gas infrastructure
promising a total investment of Rs 52,000
in the Krishna-Godavari Basin in East
crore in oil and gas and electronics sectors.
Godavari district. No more details of the
The Memorandum of Understandings
proposed projects have been officially
(MoU) was a fresh follow-up action to the
meeting Reliance Industries Chairman
Reliance is already into gas exploration
Mukesh Ambani had with Chief Minister
from its D6 block in the KG Basin near
N Chandrababu Naidu in Amaravati on
early this month.
Reliance Jio, on the other hand, will establish
Reliance will invest about $6 billion (about
an electronics manufacturing park near
Rs 37,000 crore) in an oil and gas venture
Tirupati in Chittoor district to manufacture
in AP and another Rs 15,000 crore in an
mobile phones and set-top boxes. The
electronics manufacturing plant near
Indian industry major will set up the facility
Tirupati. These ventures are expected to
on a 150-acre site, a senior official said.
create 25,000 jobs over the next few years,
As a pre-condition to setting up the
the Chief Minister announced.
electronics manufacturing park, Mukesh
Ambani, during his meeting with the Chief Minister, wanted the state government to promote clusters of educational institutions like ITIs and diploma colleges in the vicinity to create employment right after education, another senior official said. He also asked the government to develop a workmen housing corridor in the vicinity of Tirupati Growth Corridor. The state government is yet to respond to Ambani's requests, the official maintained.
STMicroelectronics Recognised as “2018 Thomson Reuters Top 100 Global Technology Leader” STMicroelectronics recognised as one of the world’s most innovative companies in being named a “2018 Thomson Reuters Top 100 Global Technology Leader”. STMicroelectronics announces that the company has been recognized as among the world’s most innovative companies in being named a “2018 Thomson Reuters Top 100 Global Technology Leader”. Based on a proprietary methodology that holistically assesses organizations to determine those at the forefront of the tech industry, this recognition honors a selected group of companies that have demonstrated a commitment to leadership across eight pillars of performance: Financial, Management and Investor Confidence, Risk and Resilience, Legal Compliance, Innovation, People and Social Responsibility, Environmental
Impact, and Reputation. The Top 100 Global Technology Leaders are those whose final scores across the pillars outshine over
5,000 other technology companies around the world.
Infineon Acquires Merus Audio Infineon Technologies inks an acquisition deal with Merus Audio. Established in 2010, Merus Audio is a Copenhagen-based startup which creates energy-efficient integrated audio amplifier solutions. The merger of Merus Audio is sought to enhance Infineon’s comprehensive and leading-edge Class-D Audio amplifier portfolio addressing the most demanding applications. The technology complements Infineon’s existing PowIRAudio product line for power levels below ~70 Watt. “The move strengthens our ability to offer customers fully integrated system solutions for smart speakers”, said Andreas Urschitz, Division President of Power Management & Multimarket at Infineon. “Merus Audio’s innovative audio amplifier technology very well complements Infineon’s existing sensor and audio processing expertise.” The fast growing segment of battery-powered smart speakers will benefit especially from the patented technology, which combines extended playback time and smaller designs with improved audio performance. This will
be beneficial for smart speaker users who will find the quality of sound enhanced as listening to music has become more popular with these devices. Being based on the so called cascading converter technology, the Merus Audio solution allows to reduce the total harmonic distortion and noise. In line with Infineon’s strategic approach “From Product to System”, Merus Audio technology adds another piece to Infineon’s expertise in Human-Machine Interaction (HMI). Today,
Infineon’s capabilities enable for instance, more accurate speech recognition building upon Infineon’s sensor fusion expertise and using radar and silicon microphone technology. The start-up will be fully engaged into Infineon’s existing audio business and also becomes part of the Power Management & Multimarket Division. Both companies have agreed not to disclose the financial details of the transaction.
An Easier and More Efficient Way to Keep your LEDs Running
A high-level overview of power trends in the high power LED market -Chester Firek | Sr. Product Marketing Manager, Vicor Direct-view LED video wall technology is becoming an increasingly popular choice for large-scale displays because of its superior brightness as compared to LCD technology. However, large video displays present a power design challenge—how best to develop an efficient solution that reduces energy losses, minimizes heat generation and is easily scalable? Heat can be a big problem with LEDs. More heat results in excessive temperatures, which rapidly degrades LED luster and longevity. One factor contributing to the heating of a LED panel is the heat losses in converting and distributing power within the video wall; losses both from the power converters and the resistive copper losses in cabling and the printed circuit board. So what’s the solution? Evaluating the merits of different Figure 1: What happens in Vegas... the Fremont Street Experience LED display has 7,552 x 552 pixel resolution with a 2” pixel spacing and consumes 2.2 MW at full brightness. With 12.5 million LEDs, it measures 1,500' x 90' (Image courtesy of Indianapolis Museum of Art)
Not Your Average LED Power Requirements In addition to being brighter, direct-view LED displays are considerably more power-efficient than LED backlit LCD displays because they can produce more light output using less energy (i.e., “useful power”). Nonetheless, they still generate a significant amount of “wasted power” in the form of heat. This may seem surprising as
partitioning options will help identify the best option when designing high-powered LED application.
LEDs are typically cool to the touch. That's because they don't generally produce heat in the form of infra-red radiation, which is detectable by touch. In fact, up to 85% of the energy consumed is dissipated as heat so large-scale LED arrays demand significant power in excess of that converted to light. For large LED panels the LED power dissipation can become significant. For example, the Fremont Street Experience display (Figure 1) consumes 2.2 MW at full
brightness, and requires even more energy by day to combat the effects of sunlight. Even small displays have large numbers of LEDs and consume significant power: for example, a display module from one leading manufacturer contains an array of 80 x 80, i.e. 6,400 total LEDs and requires 300W (5V, 60A). Maximizing efficiency is, therefore, essential in the design of an LED power supply
Figure 2: LED displays can change in response to real-time vehicle location information (A) or conform to three-dimensional shapes (B)(Image source: Vicor and commercialledscreens.com)
Power System Design Priorities The power supply system must convert incoming AC voltage to isolated low voltage, high current DC in the most efficient way. Each stage of power conversion adds cost and wastes energy, so minimizing the number of stages is a design priority. Large video walls are composed of many modules linked together, so an efficient design must also scale well with minimum duplication of power conversion stages. What are two of the key design priorities? 1. Minimizing distribution losses â€“ Transmitting power from the power supplies to the LED array over resistive wires incurs power losses in the form of heat, known as distribution losses. The distribution loss for a current (I) is proportional to the square of the current and is given by P = I2R, where R is the resistance of the wire, bus bar or PCB trace; reducing it requires either reducing the current or reducing the resistance of the wire. Reducing the current while delivering the same total power to the load requires increasing the voltage (P = VI). Doubling the voltage, from 24 to 48V for example, reduces the current by 50%, which in turn reduces the distribution loss by 75%. Attempting to achieve the same result by reducing the wire resistance requires quadrupling the conductor cross-section area, which adds weight and cost, and is not very practical. 2. Reducing heating effect on LEDs â€“ As we've already discussed, heat is the enemy of LEDs and inefficiencies in the power design can only make matters worse. Excessive heat shortens the useful life of an LED and causes discoloration. Even worse, the light output declines with increasing junction temperature; an efficient power supply system for LED use must pay attention to each individual component to avoid local hotspots, which can result in LEDs that
Figure 3: Relative light output vs. junction temperature of different-colored LEDs (Image source: RPI/LumiLeds)
not only fail faster, but look dimmer throughout their operating life. This is especially critical in a video wall where not only light quality but uniformity is important. A simple way to improve power system efficiency is to minimize the number conversion stages. For example, removing a conversion stage can improve system efficiency by 5-10%, and depending on the power level can reduce the amount of heat generated into the system. To eliminate a conversion stage a designer needs to select components that can offer high step-down conversion ratios without compromising efficiency.
Power System Components Make the Difference There are a number of ways to partition a power supply system to convert AC mains to low voltage DC for the LED drivers and control circuits. No matter which particular partition is selected, a typical design will include the following blocks: input protection provided by a Thermallyprotected Metal Oxide Varistor (TMOV) or similar device an AC filtering rectification block a bulk AC-DC conversion block including power factor correction (PFC) to maximize the power available from the AC mains, and adhere to strict equipment power factor requirements point-of-load (PoL) DC-DC buck regulation
to generate the final tightly regulated voltage rails. For example (Figure 4), Vicor offers a comprehensive portfolio of products to
simplify the design of power supplies for large-scale video walls. The result is a simple design that minimizes conversion stages and requires few external components.
Building Blocks to an Efficient Power
DC-DC Buck Conversion – Cool-Power®
be many meters in length, which creates
Vicor structures a high-efficiency approach
range DC-DC Zero-Voltage Switching (ZVS)
What are the Options for the Inter-
for high-powered LEDs as follows:
buck regulators that integrate controller,
AC Input Stage – The AC Input Front-End
power switches, and support components
Module (AIM™) performs line rectification,
into a single package. The ZVS topology
EMI/RFI filtering, transient protection and
enables megahertz switching frequencies
inrush limiting to provide a non-isolated,
which reduces gate drive losses and body
rectified AC line voltage to subsequent
diode conduction losses; Cool-Power ZVS
regulators can operate from either 12V, 24V
AC-DC Conversion – The PFM™ family
or 48V inputs and achieve efficiencies of
comprises isolated & regulated AC-DC
over 97.5% and requires only an external
converters with PFC for AC-DC systems.
inductor, and minimal capacitors to form a
The AIM/PFM combination is capable of
complete DC-DC buck regulator solution.
converting a universal AC to an isolated
Identifying the Optimal Power Solution
meets the SELV criteria, even including an
mentioned, there are several possible
Compared to a 24V system, this cuts the
Large panel displays, composed of
and reduces cable cost and weight —
Figure 4: A mixed-voltage AC-DC power system partitioning. The PFM outputs the intermediate bus voltage to PoL converters at each panel. (Image Source: Vicor)
is a family of high input-voltage, wide input-
challenges as power levels increase. mediate DC Bus Voltage?
24V and 12V power distribution have been the most commonly used bus voltages for LED panels. Compared to distribution AC, it removes potentially lethal voltages from the panels and they meet the SELV (Safety Extra Low Voltage) “safe” voltage level for low voltage power supplies. However, a superior option to 12V or 24V is to double the intermediate voltage to 48V (Figure 6). Since 48V is below 60V it still
Using the building blocks previously
overvoltage protection allowance of 20%.
system partitions for an LED video wall.
currents by half for a given power level
housing with chassis or board mounting
multiple smaller panels, need to be
capable of being powered off a common
48V or 24V with efficiency of up to 92% for systems up to 400W; in a form-factor smaller than an average smartphone (Figure 5). The family features a double-sided thermal
bus voltage. Distributing AC directly to each panel and converting the AC to DC conversion on each panel would be too costly, too bulky, and is generally not an option for safety reasons. Instead, a single bulk AC-DC converter stage is typically used to supply an isolated low voltage bus voltage to power each individual panel. Figure 5: Standard smartphone next to a PFM, 4414 VIA.
With large panels, the distance from the bulk AC-DC supply to the LED drivers can
It also cuts distribution losses by 75%, which reduces heat generation. A lower operating temperature improves system reliability, and lower current reduces the thickness of the LED panels. Busing a higher voltage with lower distribution losses also allows the video wall to be more efficient which reduces the lifetime operating costs for the end user.
Options for Generating a 48V-Based Design Generating an isolated 48V bus to distribute can be very simple, in addition to the AC input PFM™ a high powered 3-phase ACDC converter could be followed by a Vicor Bus Converter Module (BCM™) to convert 380V to an isolated 48V with peak efficiency up to 98%. A single high voltage BCM is capable of 1.75 kW of power delivery within 63x22 mm size, 2,735 W/in3 power density. Either 48V solution can then be followed by a 48V input Cool-Power buck or buckboost regulators to directly power LEDs or Figure 6: 48V power system architecture (Image source: Vicor) LED drivers. 48V Delivers What 24V Cannot So how do you deliver brighter LEDs that last longer? You explore the merits of several approaches first. Driving thousands of LEDs in a large-scale video display requires an efficient power system to produce the low-voltage, high-current supply needed. Traditionally designers have turned to a PoL solution that uses 24V as the intermediate DC voltage. Increasing the voltage to 48V, though, reaps numerous benefits that 24V just can’t deliver: 1. reduced heat generation / easier thermal management 2. reduced cabling / save costs, size and weight 3. increased LED performance / improved display quality 4. longer panel life / improved reliability 5. higher power efficiency / lower power usage To safeguard your next large-format LED display deployment — keeping them brighter, longer — start with 48V.
TAKING THE EDGE TO
Last summer, I had the unique honor of leading Intel’s product delivery of the Intel® Xeon® Scalable platform – our biggest data center advancement in a decade, bringing new levels of performance, agility and security to the data center core. Since the introduction of the Intel Xeon Scalable platform, we’ve seen tremendous customer adoption across enterprise and service provider data center customer environments. It has been incredible to see the entire industry deliver innovation founded on the Intel Xeon Scalable platform, and utilize this innovation to fuel new business opportunity. Today, I’m thrilled to share that we have extended this capability to our Intel Xeon D processor line with the introduction of the Intel Xeon D-2100 processor family, which brings the ground-breaking Intel Xeon Scalable processor architecture to edge applications and other workloads that require power and performance density. As data-driven services are becoming more pervasive and complex, they require more compute and intelligence closer to consumer and commercial “endpoint” devices that are both generating and acting on data at the “edge” (e.g. smart phones, IOT sensors and autonomous cars). By expanding the capabilities of the data center outward to the network edge, solution providers can process more data closer to endpoint devices, reducing application latency and opening up a whole new world of potential services and experiences. The new Intel Xeon D-2100 processor brings advanced intelligence to a lowerpower system-on-a-chip (SoC) for edge environments as well as other applications with space and power constraints, including power-sensitive web tier compute and storage infrastructure. The processor’s SoC form factor is optimized for lower power consumption and smaller size with integrated, hardware-enhanced network, security and acceleration capabilities in a single package. That makes the new processor especially well-suited for such applications as:
Communication service providers using low-latency and high-bandwidth Multi-access Edge Computing (MEC) to deliver rich experiences such as 5G and support massive data-generating and consuming services such as virtual/ augmented reality and autonomous driving; Communication service providers delivering customized enterprise networking services, like Virtual Private Networks (VPN), firewalls, routing through Software Defined Wide Area Networks (SD-WAN), and workload optimizations through Network Function Virtualization (NFVi); Cloud service providers delivering dense, power-sensitive workloads closer to endpoints, such as web-tier and content delivery networks; Enterprises and service providers deploying warm storage solutions that require advanced storage features and capabilities in a smaller, energy-efficient footprint.
Integrated capabilities of the Intel Xeon D-2100 processor include hardwareenhanced virtualization technologies, quad-port 10 gigabit Ethernet (4x10 GbE), 16 Serial ATA (SATA) ports, Intel® Advanced Vector Extensions 512 (Intel® AVX-512), and enhanced Intel® QuickAssist Technology (Intel ® QAT) with up to 100 Gbps of cryptography, decryption and
encryption acceleration. Increased Intel QAT performance is particularly helpful for offloading task-bound cycles and providing CPU headroom for demanding applications and service delivery. The new processor also offers Intel Data Direct I/O, which increases packet performance and efficiency for networking and edge analytics applications. The Intel Xeon D-2100 processor also features the same breakthrough Intel ® Mesh architecture as our Intel Xeon Scalable processors, delivering predictable performance and latency, and higher confidence to consistently meet stringent service level expectations. Sharing the same architecture can also lessen the complexity, time and cost required for validation of new systems for our customers who have already worked with us to validate Intel Xeon Scalable platforms. The Intel Xeon D-2100 processor offers up to 1.6x general compute performance1, up to 2.9x network performance2, and up to 2.8x storage performance3 as compared to the previous-generation Intel Xeon D-1500
processor. Today signals the general availability of the processor in the market, and we are working with industry leaders including Dell EMC, Ericsson, F5, NEC, NetApp, Palo Alto Net and Supermicro on to deliver solutions to our joint end-customers. To learn more about edge computing and the new Intel Xeon D-2100 processor, visit http://www.intel.com/xeond. Jennifer Huffstetler is vice president and general manager of data center product management in the Data Center Group at Intel Corporation. The benchmark results reported above may need to be revised as additional testing is conducted. The results depend on the specific platform configurations and workloads utilized in the testing, and may not be applicable to any particular user’s components, computer system or workloads. The results are not necessarily representative of other benchmarks and other benchmark results may show greater or lesser impact from mitigations. Benchmark results were obtained prior to implementation of recent software patches and firmware updates intended to address exploits referred to as "Spectre" and "Meltdown." Implementation of these updates may make these results inapplicable to your device or system. Software and workloads used in performance tests may have been optimized for performance only on Intel microprocessors. Performance tests, such as SYSmark and MobileMark, are measured using specific computer systems, components, software, operations and functions. Any change to any of those factors may cause the results to vary. You should consult other information and performance tests to assist you in fully evaluating your contemplated purchases, including the performance of that product when combined with other products. For more information about benchmarks and performance test results, go to www. intel.com/benchmarks. 1 – Up to 1.6X performance improvement with Intel® Xeon® D-2183IT processor compared with previous generation Intel® Xeon ® D-1581 processor on Integer application throughput. Configuration and workload details: SPECrate*2017_int_base - estimates based on measurements on Intel Internal hardware: 1-Intel® Xeon® D-1581 processor
(24M, 1.80 GHz), 4x16GB(64GB 2133MHz Micron 36ASF2G72PZ-2G6B1) ,OS: redhat-7.4(3.10.0-693.el7.x86_64 x86_64) ,Compiler: IC18 ,BIOS: 1.0b, Storage: Intel SSD S3520 800GB," Network Device: NA, Network Speed: NA, QAT version: NA, Score: 44. compared to 1-Intel® Xeon® D-2183IT Processor (22M, 2.20 GHz), 4x16GB(64GB 2400MHz Micron 36ASF2G72PZ-2G6B1) ,OS: redhat-7.4(3.10.0-693.el7.x86_64 x86_64) ,Compiler: IC18 ,BIOS: BKVDTRL1.86B.0005. D08.1712070559, Storage: Intel SSD S3520 800GB," Network Device: NA, Network Speed: NA, QAT version: NA, Score: 72.1 2 – Up to 2.9X performance improvement with Intel ® Xeon ® D-2187NT processor compared with previous generation Intel® Xeon® D-1553N processor on web server throughput with integrated Intel® QuickAssist Technology (Intel® QAT). Configuration and workload details: NGINX webserver: 1-Intel® Xeon® D-1553N Processor (12M, 2.30 GHz) Platform: Echo Canyon, 4x8GB(32GB 2400MHz Samsung* M494A1G43DB0CPB) ,OS: Ubuntu* 16.04.2(4.4.0-21) ,Benchmark: NGINX (1.9.6*)-Webserver Throughput Intel® QAT (ECDHE-ECDSA Max Performance), Compiler: NA,BIOS: BIOS :GNVDINT1.86B.0010.D22.1611201908, Storage: NA," Network Device: 2x Intel® Ethernet Controller X710 (4x 10G/card), Network Speed: NA, Intel® QAT version: 1.0.3-42, Score: 15.7. compared to 1-Intel® Xeon ® D-2187NT Processor (22M, 2.0 GHz) Platform: Yuba City, 4x16GB(64GB 2666MHz Micron* 36ASF2G72PZ-2G6B2) ,OS: Ubuntu* 17.10(4.13.0-21-lowlatency) ,Benchmark: NGINX(1.10.3)-Webserver
Throughput Intel® QAT (ECDHE-ECDSA Max Performance), Compiler: NA,BIOS: BIOS :BKVDTRL1.86B.0005.D08.1712070559, Storage: NA," Network Device: 4x Intel® Ethernet Controller X710DA2 (2x 25G/card), Network Speed: NA, Intel® QAT version: 1.0.3-42, Score: 46.8 3 – Up to 2.8X on ISA-L (Cryptographic Hashing) with Intel ® Xeon ® D-2183IT processor compared with previous generation Intel® Xeon® D-1587 processor. Configuration and workload details: ISA-L (Cryptographic Hashing): 1-Intel® Xeon® D-1587 Processor (24M, 1.70 GHz) Platform: Durango, 4x8GB(32GB 2400MHz ) ,OS: Red Hat Enterprise Linux* 7.4(Kernel 3.10.0693.el7.x86_64) ,Benchmark: ISA-L (2.21)Crytographic Hasshing (multibinary_sha512), Compiler: NA,BIOS: GNVDINT1.86B.0085. V13.1512071754, Storage: 4 x 2 TB DC P3700 Series PCIe NVMe," Network Device: NA, Network Speed: 1x50GbE, Intel ® QuickAssist Technology version: NA, Score: 3.074. compared to 1-Intel® Xeon® D-2183IT Processor (22M, 2.20 GHz) Platform: Yuba City, 4x8GB(32GB 2400MHz ) ,OS: Red Hat Enterprise Linux* 7.4(Kernel 3.10.0-693. el7.x86_64) ,Benchmark: ISA-L (2.21)Crytographic Hasshing (multibinary_sha512), Compiler: NA,BIOS: BKVDTRL1.86B.0005. D08.1712070559, Storage: 4 x 1.6 TB DC P4600 Series PCIe NVMe," Network Device: NA, Network Speed: 2x50GbE, Intel® QuickAssist Technology version: NA, Score: 1.075
General Manager | MLS
Indian LED Market is Still Booming and Not Matured Yet After successfully acquiring, general lighting business unit of Osram, LEDvance – MLS, thereafter has been high-flier in global LED market. With constant innovation in its mammoth R&D facility and portfolio,MLS has prudently managed to tap the potential of the LED market. India power demands are growing dynamically, the need for power-efficient LEDs to light up the country seems to be the only rational discussion for public and private entities. MLS has a strong foothold in the Indian LED market, to that contrast Niloy Banerjee from BisInfotech had a power-pack dialogue with Lawrence Lin | General Manager | MLS on the company’s position in the Indian market and their ahead strategies on-looking on their disruptive technologies. Edited Excerpts. How you see Indian LED market maturing, what scopes does it keep for companies like MLS Co. Ltd. (Forest Lighting)? Indian LED market is still booming and not matured yet. MLS Co. Ltd will still focus on supplying quality LED packages for the local manufacturers. As the applications of LEDs get more diverse, which key sectors are on MLS prime focus? MLS will still focus on supplying LED packages and be a good partner for local manufacturers in India. What are the latest offerings and product portfolio of MLS? 2835(1W 9V) is our main product at the moment. The automobile industry in India is prodigious, with most cars using automotive LED lighting. How MLS Co. LTD. (Forest Lighting) sketch this sector? MLS will keep watch closely, although LED lighting for automotive in India is still rare. The Government of India launched an initiative in 2016 to replace conventional lights by LED lights by deploying 770 million bulbs and 35 million street lights by 2019. With this humongous potential, where would MLS position itself in the Indian market?
As aforementioned, MLS will still be a good partner to the bid winners, and won’t participate the tenders directly. MLS turned heads by acquiring OSRAM making one of the biggest acquisitions in the LED history? How has been the alliance in terms of fostering new market verticals, product portfolio and generating consolidated revenues? Ledvance will keep enhance its branding and marketing all over the world, and MLS will do its best to provide Ledvacne more and more competitive products and support. What will be the strategies of MLS in 2018 to further rev-up the brand in global platform? In addition to what above-mentioned in No.6, for MLS, we will still expand our capacity for LED filaments and RGB displays (signages). What are the trends in LEDs which will edify the LEDs market in 2018? We foresee filament bulbs and related products will be another booster in LED market in 2018, especially in north America and Europe. Though LEDs have hit the mainstream, is price still a concern for its majority acceptance in the Indian market? Although the tender price is quite affordable in India now, we still think price is still a
concern for Indians because consumers here are so price sensitive. The LED industry has been undergoing a radical transformation fuelled by rapid improvisation in semiconductor technology as well as the demand for energy-efficient and sustainable solutions. How is MLS positioned to tap the ‘Smart Lighting’ revolution? Smart lighting still needs so many consolidation from technologies, protocols, applications, we are also learning now. Besides, it’s also highly related to consumers’ living practice change. The market for wireless smart lighting systems is also emerging strongly? How does MLS look into this market? It’s growing, but not strongly. Keep watching. LED market is maturing and many players are squeezing their heads to take the bite? How MLS strategize to be ahead of their competitors? Since MLS is the biggest LED package company in the world, we will dedicate ourselves to improve every details to provide the most competitive products to our customers and help them fulfil their any potentials.
Vying Silicon, GaN Semiconductor Devices Market Foreseen to Reach USD 4.37Bn by 2025 The global gallium nitride (GaN) semiconductor devices market is expected to reach USD 4.37 billion by 2025, according to a new study by Grand View Research. Gallium Nitride (GaN) has shown the potential to overpass traditional silicon devices. With growing power semiconductor applications in connected world, GaN seems to be the prime technology to herald the beacon of future technology. Latest report affirms that the global gallium nitride (GaN) semiconductor devices market is expected to reach USD 4.37 billion by 2025. Various properties, such as high breakdown voltage, wider band gap, large critical electric field, and high thermal conductivity, enable GaN devices to operate at higher voltages, high-power density, and high switching frequencies and to offer improved power efficiency over pure silicon-based devices. Latest findings from Grand View Research reveals that The GaN radio frequency devices segment is expected to grow at the highest CAGR 20.4% from 2017 to 2025. This can be primarily attributed to the growing demand for these products in varied applications across automotive, healthcare, consumer electronics, and defense & aerospace sectors, among others. Whereas, the 6 inch wafer segment is anticipated to experience grow with the highest CAGR of 21.8% from 2017 to 2025, owing to the benefit of precise current control and voltage supply. Asia Pacific regional market is anticipated to emerge as the fastest
growing region, owing to the surge in demand for efficient and high-performance RF components, noted the report. GaN-based semiconductors are also promoting their application in the defense industry. Moreover, the growing expenditure and investment in the defense sectors of developed as well as developing countries are presumed to further drive the industry growth. Moreover, the growing demand for Internet-of-Things (IoT) is increasing the demand for GaNbased semiconductor devices, due to additional benefits, such as wider bandgap, large electric filed, and high breakdown voltage, offered by them.
Actuator Market Churns USD 49.28Bn Potential by 2022 With industry 4.0 and IoT hitting the technology corridors diligently,
to improve combustion control, increase reliability, and reduce
the growth of smart devices has overcome from being just the
production costs, along with increased demand for fuel-efficient
spectators. Rapid transformation and the need to apt with several
vehicles, implementation of stringent environmental regulations,
capabilities to collar modern users demand, actuators are evolving
and increasing automation in emerging economies are some of
more than just a mega-trend.
the factors expected to drive the growth of the linear actuators
Latest report projects that the actuators market is estimated USD
market during the forecast period.
38.80 Billion in 2017 to USD 49.28 Billion by 2022, at a CAGR of
Products offered by various companies operating in the actuators
4.90% from 2017 to 2022.
market have been listed in the report. The recent developments
The major factor expected to act as a major driver is the increased
section of the report provides information on the strategies adopted
investment in process automation across end-use verticals. This, in
by various companies between June 2013 and August 2017 to
turn, is expected to drive the growth of the actuators market during
strengthen their positions in the actuators market. Major players in
the forecast period from 2017 to 2022. The actuators market has
the actuators market include Emerson (US), Rotork (UK), Pentair
been segmented based on type, system, application, and region.
(US), and Honeywell (US), among others. These companies have
Based on type, the actuators market has been segmented into linear
significant geographic reach and distribution channels.
and rotary. The linear segment is expected to lead the actuators market in 2017. The rising need by manufacturing industries
Single 2MHz Buck-Boost Controller Drives Entire LED Headlight Cluster, Meets CISPR 25 Class 5 EMI
Keith Szolusha LED Drivers Applications Manager Analog Devices Inc.
Automobile LED headlight clusters combine high and low beams, daytime running lights, and sometimes signal and clearance lights into a single headlight cluster. The components of the cluster can have vastly different driver requirements, including voltage and current requirements, topologies, power levels or unique dimming functions. Meeting the range of requirements usually means employing separate driver solutions. Using multiple drivers not only complicates BOMs and production; it can make it difficult to meet EMI standards. Each additional driver adds its high frequency signals to the EMI mix, complicating EMI qualification, troubleshooting and mitigation. Although the headlight cluster for each automobile make and model may be outfitted with a creative variety of LED currents and voltages, they commonly top out at 30W total. With that in mind, there should be a number of drivers that satisfy the power and feature requirements of every string in the cluster. There are not. Such a driver needs to take the relatively wide battery voltage range, and using a buck-boost topology, convert to the wide variety of string voltages. It needs to be small and versatile, to fit easily into the space constraints of the cluster, and produce little EMI, to minimize R&D efforts and eliminate the need for costly metal-shielded EMI cases. It should also be efficient. The Power by Linear LT8391A 2MHz buck-boost controller is unique in satisfying all of these requirements, making it possible to drive the entire headlight cluster, and more, with a single controller. LT8391A 2MHZ SYNCHRONOUS CONTROLLER WITH LOW EMI The LT8391A is the first-of-its-kind 2MHz buckboost controller for LED current regulation. The very high 2MHz switching speed enables
Figure 1: LT8391A 2MHz 16V, 1.5A automotive buck-boost LED driver passes CISPR 25 Class 5 EMI
the use of a single, small inductor and small overall solution size for high power LED applications. Unlike monolithic converters, whose power switches are contained within the IC package, controllers such as the LT8391A can drive external power switches with much higher peak currents, such as 10A. Such peak currents would burn up the small IC packages of typical integrated converters. In contrast, a controller with external 3mm × 3mm synchronous MOSFETs can deliver much higher power. These MOSFETs can be arranged in tight quarters with hot-loop capacitors for very low EMI. The unique peak switch current sense amplifier architecture places the sense resistor next to the power inductor, which is outside of the critical input and output hot loops—reducing EMI. Optional spread spectrum frequency modulation (SSFM) further reduces the controller’s EMI. The 2MHz LT8391A 16V, 1.5A (24W)
buck-boost LED driver in Figure 1 boasts as high as 93% efficiency with EMI filters and gate resistors as shown in Figure 2. Efficiency is 1%–2% higher with the optional EMI components removed. With small 3mm × 3mm MOSFETs and a single high power inductor, the temperature rise for this converter is low, even at 24W. At 12V input, no component rises more than 25ºC above room temperature. At 6V input, the hottest component rises less than 50ºC with a standard 4-layer PCB and no heat sink or airflow. It continues to run at full 24W load in the face of input transients down to 4.3V; or reduced load current via analog or PWM dimming when the input drops for long periods. The 8A–10A sense resistor makes this high power at low VIN possible.
controller’s 2MHz operating frequency and 24W of power, this buck-boost passes CISPR 25 Class 5 radiated and conducted EMI. Class 5 is the most stringent requirement and the goal of most automotive EMI testing. Converters that cannot pass Class 5 EMI
The LT8391A includes the latest PWM dimming features and open LED fault protection. This synchronous buck-boost regulates current through a string of LEDs with a voltage that may or may not lie within the input voltage range, such as the 9V–16V car battery or a truck battery (18V–32V). It can run down to 4.0V cold crank input and can withstand up to 60V input transients. The LT8391A provides up to 2000:1 PWM dimming ratio at 120Hz and can use its internal PWM dimming generator for up to 128:1 accurate dimming ratio without the need for an externally supplied PWM clock. CISPR 25 EMI FOR AUTOMOTIVE APPLICATIONS The 2MHz LT8391A LED driver in Figure 1 is designed for automotive headlights. It uses AEC-Q100 components and meets CISPR 25 Class 5 radiated EMI standards. Spread spectrum frequency modulation (SSFM) reduces EMI, and also runs flickerfree simulta-neously with PWM dimming as shown in Figure 7. Its small size is highlighted by its small inductor and especially small input and output EMI filters. Large LC filters are not needed for 2MHz converters and only small ferrite beads are used for high frequency EMI reduction. Automotive EMI requirements are not easily met by high power converters. High power switches and inductors, placed on large PCBs next to large capacitors can create unde-sirable hot loops, especially when a large sense resistor is included. The unique LT8391A buck-boost architecture removes the sense resistor from both the buck and boost switch-pair hot loops, enabling low EMI. Figures 3 and 4 show measured EMI of the 24W LED driver of Figure 1. Despite this
either get de-signed out of automotive circuits or must be encased in large metallic EMI shields. Even if the bulkiness of the shield does not create assembly issues, adding them is costly.
Figure 3: LT8391A demonstration circuit DC2575A passes CISPR 25 Class 5 automotive radiated EMI
Figure 4: LT8391A demonstration circuit DC2575A passes CISPR 25 Class 5 automotive conducted EMI
BUCK-BOOST FOR MULTI-BEAM APPLICATIONS LED headlight clusters can be both innovative and artistically creative. High beams and low beams can be wrapped up with nifty and distinctive daytime running lights (DRL).
Because the daytime running lights are only needed when high and low beams are off, a single LED driver can be used to power either the high and low beam LEDs or the daytime running lights. This only works if the LED driver has a flexible input-to-output ratio
and can both step-up and step-down the input-to-output voltage. A buck-boost design satisfies this requirement. The multi-beam LT8391A buck-boost LED driver in Figure 5 can drive LED string voltages ranging from 3V to 34V. This enables it to drive both a low beam string and create a high beam by adding LEDs to the low beam string. The same driver switches over and drives a higher voltage, yet lower current, DRL. Switching from low-beam-only LEDs to a low/ high beam combo string generates no spike on the output voltage or LED current as shown in Figure 6a. The LT8391A can transition between boost, 4-switch buck-boost, and buck re-gions of operation smoothly. Changing from a small number of LEDs to a multi-beam circuit does this with ease. Switching back from high and low beams to just
(a) low beam to high + low beam
high number of LEDs without an LED spike can be challenging for a converter, but this low beams is also very clean, without any harmful LED spikes, as shown in Figure 6b.
(b) high + low beam to low
Figure 5: LT8391A multi-beam LED headlight cluster solution for low, high, and DRL lights
The same is true when switching to and from the DRL string. Figure 6c demonstrates how the low beam is turned off and the DRL is smoothly connected to the output capacitor. Even the LED current is changed from 1A (high and low beams) to 700mA (8 LEDs DRL) without any issues. Other trim or signal LEDs can be added in as well, and the DRL can be blinked as a signal light. Figure 6d shows how the DRL can be PWM dimmed with the internally set PWM generator and then switched over smoothly to low beams when darkness falls. Automotive environments require robust solutions in the face of short-circuits and open LEDs. Short- and open-circuit conditions are safely handled by the multi-beam solution shown in Figure 6, and reported via the converterâ€™s fault flag.
(d) DRL 10% Figure 6: Waveforms show smooth switchover between high + low, low and DRL LED strings for the LT8391A multi-beam application in Figure 5
PWM to low beam
(c) low beam to DRL
FE AND QFN PACKAGES FIT TIGHT SPOTS The LT8391A is available in a 4mm Ă— 5mm 28-lead QFN for small size and a 28-lead TSSOP FE package for automotive designs. Both packages have thermally enhanced GND pads for power dissipation of the internal INTVCC LDO from higher voltages. The internal LDO INTVCC regulator of these converters can handle driving four synchronous MOSFETs at 2MHz with about 15nC gate charge. The small size of the LT8391A FE 2MHz 16V, 1.5A demonstration circuit (DC2575A, based on the design of Figure 1) is shown in Figure 7. Only a single 5mm Ă— 5mm inductor is necessary for this high power, versatile application.
CONCLUSION The LT8391A 2MHz, 60V buck-boost LED driver controller powers LED strings in automotive headlights. Its features include its low EMI 4-switch architecture and spread spectrum frequency modulation for meeting CISPR 25 Class 5 EMI requirements. The unique, high switching frequency allows it to operate above the AM band, requiring very little EMI filter-ing. Its small size and versatility enable use in headlight cluster LED strings of a variety of voltages and currents. Table 1. High power, high efficiency synchronous buck-boost controllers for automotive power solutions
Figure 7: Compact solution: 2MHz demonstration circuit DC2575A, featuring LT8391A, drives 16V LEDs at 1.5A
Figure 8: PWM dimming using internal and external PWM options; 1% and 0.05%, respectively
Artificial Intelligence is Creating Intelligent Enterprises Amid Slacking Leadership
Vigorous advancements in Artificial Intelligence (AI) are edifying
business and IT executives worldwide finding latest technological
intelligent companies and integrating people lives for a better
transformation is unique in that for the first time the change is a
connected smart world.
two-way street; people aren’t just using companies’ products
A latest report has exemplified key technology trends which are
and services, but feeding information and access back to them.
likely to disrupt business over the next three years.
The Technology Vision identifies five emerging technology trends
However, the report argues that capitalizing on growth opportunities
that companies must address if they are to build the partnerships
while also having a positive impact on society requires a new
needed to succeed in today’s digital economy:
era of leadership that prioritizes trust and greater responsibility.
• Citizen AI: Raising AI to Benefit Business and Society. As
Accenture Technology Vision 2018 surveyed more than 6,300
artificial intelligence (AI) grows in its capabilities, so does its
impact on people’s lives. Businesses looking to capitalize on AI’s potential must acknowledge this impact, “raising” AI to act as responsible representatives of their business. • Extended Reality: The End of Distance. Virtual and augmented reality technologies
are transforming the ways people live and work by removing the distance to people, information and experiences. •Data Veracity: The Importance of Trust.
By transforming themselves to run on data, businesses now face a new kind of vulnerability: inaccurate, manipulated and biased data that leads to corrupted business insights and skewed decisions. To address this challenge, companies must follow a dual mandate to maximize veracity and minimize incentives for data manipulation. • Frictionless Business: Built to Partner at
Scale. Businesses depend on technologybased partnerships for growth, but their own
legacy systems aren’t designed to support partnerships at scale. To fully power the connected Intelligent Enterprise, companies must first re-design themselves. • Internet of Thinking: Creating Intelligent
Distributed Systems. Businesses are making big bets on intelligent environments
via robotics, AI and immersive experiences, but bringing these intelligent environments to life will require not only adding key skills and workforce capabilities, but also modernizing current enterprise technology infrastructures. More than four in five respondents (84 percent) agree that through technology, companies are weaving themselves seamlessly into the fabric of how people live today. Accenture Technology Vision 2018: Intelligent Enterprise Unleashed – Five Emerging Trends For example, Amazon – through not only its tremendous online presence but also its Echo device and AI assistant Alexa – has
integrated itself into people’s everyday
And this extends beyond the consumer
lives to such an extent that developers are
or retail arena.
building dedicated Amazon lockers into
Tesla, for instance, is partnering with
new apartment complexes and people are
governments to accelerate the development
granting the company physical access to
of guidelines needed for autonomous
their homes via its smart lock system to
vehicles. And Siemens, by offering its
let couriers make deliveries when no one
MindSphere operating system for internet
of things that can be used for various types
“Technology is now firmly embedded
of assets such as manufacturing devices,
throughout our everyday lives and is
smart grid components or power generation
reshaping large parts of society,” said
equipment, is creating new partnerships
technology & innovation officer. “Just
as cities developed around ports and then
“Through these new partnerships with
railroads, or people rebuilt their lives around
customers, employees and business
electricity, the world today is reimagining
collaborators, companies are building
itself around digital innovation – and, by
greater trust and further integrating
extension, the companies that provide
themselves into society, becoming more
those services. This requires a new type of
indispensable and fueling their own growth,”
relationship, built on trust and the sharing
Paul Daugherty, Accenture’s chief
of large amounts of personal information.”
and embedding itself into its business
Savvy organizations understand that these new societal expectations can be transformed into an enterprise strength. They’re using their increased interactions to build partnerships with customers, employees, government and the public.
ARM Justifies Not ‘e’ But
to Slate the Connected Future Aiming to secure identity in future connected devices, ARM has redesigned the future of connected devices by rolling out iSIM. Wearables, smartphones of many tech giant like (Apple and Google) have tried the successful future mainstream concept of eSIM replacing traditional SIMs in coming time. ARM well-known for its dominance in the chip world has lately buzzed new fame by unveiling iSIM. ARM has a vision of a trillion connected devices by 2035, and each of these devices will need a secure identity, enabling stakeholders to establish trust – for example, allowing a service provider to trust its device base so it can authenticate devices, provide value added services and if needed, issue security updates. Traditional SIMs cannot change ownership after they are deployed in a device, and require physical access to change mobile network operator (MNO). In our shift to a world of billions of connected devices across smart cities, connected rural environments and digitally transformed industries, many of these devices will benefit from cellular connectivity, but physically making SIM changes is not scalable or even possible.
The integrated SIM (iSIM) is known to provide a way for IoT devices to have cellular identities. The new technology is also said to be GSMA Embedded SIM Specifications compliant. Terming iSIM? Unlike an eSIM which is separate from the device’s main chipset and modem, iSIM combines everything into a single SoC. So you have the main processor, modem, and SIM as a single component. ARM says the SIM is stored in a secure enclave with enhanced hardware security like its Arm CryptoIsland. The advantage this brings is a significant reduction in production cost. ARM in its official release writes that the evolution of embedded SIM (eSIM) and more recently integrated SIM (iSIM) form factors is essential for providing secure identity to cellular IoT devices. In combination with an on-chip security enclave for enhanced hardware security (such as Arm® CryptoIsland), this will allow the integration of an MCU, cellular modem and SIM identity into a single IoT SoC to significantly reduce device costs. • Arm Kigen OS provides a scalable, low footprint and GSMA compliant software stack to enable full integration of SIM functionality into IoT SoC designs • Arm Kigen remote provisioning server
solution offers flexibility with a modular design for easy integration with MNO and IoT platforms Forecasts predict up to 4.4B IoT devices will be cellular-enabled by 2025 (Machina, 2017). This solution enables SIM identity with its associated security levels - at a much lower price point and with greater flexibility of deployment. It's an important step in enabling operators, silicon providers and module vendors to realise the potential of cellular IoT and is already receiving support from key ecosystem players including BT, SoftBank and Sprint. Secure identity is a critical principle of Platform Security Architecture (PSA) from Arm, the first common industry framework for building secure connected devices, which we launched in late 2017. PSA is a robust system architecture covering both hardware and firmware, pulling these common security principles into a set of system requirements and interfaces. The Kigen product family adheres to the security and immutable identity principles outlined by PSA. This technology will unlock new levels of cellular IoT integration, enabling new services, business models and revenue streams for all cellular IoT ecosystem players.
Smart Cities With
Smart Street Lighting Solutions
Rakesh Zutshi, President, Electric Lamp and Component Manufacturers’ Association of India (ELCOMA) & MD, Halonix Technologies Pvt. Ltd Census 2011 defines that cities accommodate nearly 31% of India's current population and contribute 63% of GDP whereas urban areas are expected to house 40% of India’s population and contribute 75% of India's GDP by 2030. This requires integrated infrastructural development to drive economic growth and improve the quality of life by enabling local development and harnessing technology as a means to create smart outcomes for citizens. The Smart Cities Mission by Government of India promotes the cities that provide core infrastructure and give a decent life to its citizens, a clean and sustainable environment and application of ‘Smart’ Solutions’. Any city which adopts integration of things over Internet (IOT) with sustainable development prospect in either way of controlling or monitoring such as Waste Management, Water Management, E-governance and Citizen services, Energy Management, Urban Mobility and many other things become a Smart City as shown in fig.1. These are build upon the IoT (internet of things) that allows exchange of data between object and network device, allowing analysis of real-time data that can be used to user in a new wave of transformative digital services in cities and enhance citizen services and quality of life. For more than two decades, “HALONIX” is contributing to the nation with various Indoor and Outdoor lighting products as well as energy efficient LED lighting, supported by innovative smart IOT technology for street lighting. Our street lights save further 20-30% energy using smart controlling of street lighting remotely with simultaneously 40-60% energy saving using LED street
Offering state-of-the-art Smart Street Lighting Solutions, we are contributing our bit to make India a nation of smart cities in true sense.
Fig.1- Concept of Smart City
Lighting against conventional street lighting. They also reduce the requirement of extra inventory of conventional accessories and maintenance spares by switching to smart IOT LED based technology contributing to over 60-90% of energy saving. Halonix’s Smart Street Lighting Solution - Halonix is providing smart street lighting solutions in such a way that the user can control and monitor the individual or group of street light(s)remotely from any place in the world with respect to the installation site of street lights.
• LED Street Light with inbuilt RF Controller • IOT Gateway • GCMS/CCMS • Cloud based Software
Fig.2-IOT Street Light communication
System Architect and functioningThe smart street light system communication and architect shown in fig. 2 and fig. 3 for Individual Street light and Group Street light controlling & monitoring respectively. The complete system configuration and control can be achieved remotely Through wireless communication. The system enabled with GPRS to communicate between switching point controller & Server/Cloud and RF communication (ZigBee RF 2.4 GHz Mesh Topology) / Sub GHz (863 to 869 MHz) between Switching point controller &Street light Control Unit of each street light.
Fig.3- GCMS Communication
Each individual street light communicating to each other over RF communication and forming the strong mesh and all electrical parameters as required transferring to central IOT Gateway over RF Communication. The RF mesh forming in such a way to avoid communication breakage between nodes to nodes hence chance of data losses minimized in this technology as well due to higher data rate we can integrated multiple sensors such as Pollution sensor, light sensor, noise sensor and many more in future, with existing control system. The IOT Gateway transfers all datas over the cloud with GPRS communication to user and the user having multiple accesses over each individual parameter inside the software. As shown in software fig.4, all street light can be map with google map with their Geo-coordinates and access its real time status. The basic components of Halonix’s smart street lighting solutions are as following :
Fig.4- Cloud based Software
Operational Features: a. The complete system configuration and control achieved remotely through wireless communication with added encrypted data layer to ensure data safety and security and protection against data access by external undefined user. b. Manual ON/OFF/Dimming of lights of a particular switching point or networked switching points from Central Control Station through Web based application. c. Automatic ON/OFF/Dimming of lights of a particular switching point or networked switching points based on Sunrise/Sunset time depending on geographical location of switching point. d. Configuration &Control - Options are available to configure and control individual street lights or a group of street lights. e. The Street Light Status such as ON hours, voltage, current, power, Energy consumed, Intensity and operating Mode (Auto/Manual) are monitored. f. The system incorporated with automatic fault detection algorithm to identify various
faults and fault details shall be viewed in Web Application. Faults Includes Driver failure, RF faults/Power down, Control card failure, RTC failure, NVM failure, Low Load, Over load, Low power factor, Under Voltage, Over voltage and other relevant faults. g. Email and SMS alerts for at-least 5 mobile number per Switching Point. h. GCMS can be either 3 phase or single phase ( 100-300V AC) with 10-60A class-1 accuracy energy meter comprises of sets of contractors, relays, timers, isolators and GPRS based IOT Gateway, is able to measure Voltage, Current, Power Factor, Active Power, Apparent Power, Metering Cumulative Active Energy, Metering Cumulative Apparent Energy. The GCMS is also able to generate following alerts during failure: • Phase wise over current/Short circuit • Phase wise over voltage • Group failure of lights • Individual Light failure • No output supply Thus, with complete smart lighting solutions for both street lighting as well as indoor lighting, we at Halonix are serving with the real time technologies towards making the overall system user friendly and energy efficient exactly according to the requirements of smart cities.
Fig.5- LED Street Light with RF Controller
Bluetooth 5 & Bluetooth Mesh: Enabling Use Cases For ®
In December 2016, the Bluetooth consortium (Bluetooth Special Interest Group, SIG) rolled out Bluetooth
5, the latest version of the Bluetooth core specification.This 5th revision, which I present here,includes a number of groundbreaking enhancements. In addition to the Bluetooth 5 specification, the consortium released the specification for Bluetooth meshin June 2017. Bluetooth mesh is a software enhancement that can run on any Bluetooth low energy solution; it does not require Bluetooth 5. In my opinion, the features provided by Bluetooth 5 and Bluetooth mesh are the most substantial enhancements to Bluetooth technology since its introduction in 1998. They will enable a whole host of new use cases, some which are of specifically relevant to Industrial IoT applications.
-Pelle Svensson, u-blox Malmö Bluetooth 5 Bluetooth 5 provides three main feature improvements compared to the preceding release: • twice thedata rate– from 1Mbps to 2Mbps • four times therange • eight times the advertising packet size (beacons) Let’stake a closer look at each of these three new features. Increased data rate The 2Mbps physical rate (PHY) doubles the amount of data that can be transmitted per second compared to the preceding revision of the specification. While sending data using Bluetooth 5 draws slightly more power than previously, transmission timesarecut to half. As a result, the same amount of data can be sent with just over 50% thetotal power required by Bluetooth v4.2. In addition to fasterdata transmission
rates, shorter transmission times result in improved co-existence with other 2.4 GHz radios (including other Bluetooth low energy connections) as the radio is active for a shorter duration.
Figure 1 Power consumption Bluetooth 5 2Mbit/s PHY
Extended range By extending the range of Bluetooth signals, the Bluetooth SIG is seeking to extend the reach of Bluetooth low energy tocover entire homes. Two newmodulation options, 125 kbps and 500 kbps,extend itsrange up to
four-fold compared to thecurrent Bluetooth low energy specification. In line-of-sight, the range of Bluetooth signals is expected to exceed 1km range using the same amount of power. The Bluetooth 5 specification further increases maximum output power to 20 dBm compared to today’s 10 dBm. This enables even greater distances between Bluetooth 5 devices, of course at the cost of increased power consumption. Home automation is obviously a key target application for the Bluetooth SIG going forward. This is clearly indicatedby the fact that two new members of the Bluetooth SIG board of directors were brought in from Philips Lighting and GoogleNest. Key players in the home automation industry see an interest in adopting Bluetooth low energyto connect thedevices they develop. Richer beacons The third new feature Bluetooth 5 brings to
the table is extended advertising capability. First introduced in Bluetooth low energy, advertising lets low power sensor nodes signal “I have new data” to a central unit. If the central device is interested in that data, itinitiates a connection during which it exchanges data with the sensor node. Once the exchange is completed, the connection is closed and the sensor node goes back into low power mode. Short advertising messages were sufficient toenable this type of exchange. However, it didn’t take long for device manufacturers to figure out that this kind of “non-connected” advertising message can also be used as a beacon to broadcast information without first having to establish a connection. Apple developed their way of doing it in iBeacon, and Google countered with Eddystone. With the popularity of the beacon use case
came the desire to make it more powerful and broaden its scope. Bluetooth 5 takes the beacon use case to a new level by increasing advertising message length from 31 bytes previously to 512 bytes, even allowing for multiple 512 byte messages to be linked together. To avoid congestion, it extends these longer advertising packets to all 40 available channelsrather than limiting advertising to three advertising channels as in the previous specification. Extended advertising capability lets nodes send more data packets, even packet streams, without first having to establish a Bluetooth low energy connection. Even though Bluetooth low energy was designed for low power use cases, short data packets, and quick connection establishment, establishing a Bluetooth low energy connection always consumesextra power. In some use cases, broadcasting data connection-free can push
down total power consumption even further. Advertising messages play an essential role in Bluetooth mesh, in which they are used to broadcast data to other nodes. Bluetooth mesh Shortly after the release of the Bluetooth 5 specification, the Bluetooth SIG released the specification for Bluetooth mesh. Together,Bluetooth 5 and Bluetooth mesh lay the foundation for many new applications and use cases. They are particularly important for the Industrial Internet of Things as they enable use cases previously only possible with other technologies such ZigBee, SubGHz, etc. Because the key advantages are already supported by Bluetooth,the combination ofBluetooth 5 and Bluetooth mesh is expectedtoenable a host of new application areas and use cases. Bluetooth mesh is standardized by the Bluetooth SIG, which means thatdevices implementing it will be interoperable. Bluetooth mesh is designed around the following techniques: • a publish-subscribe model • managed flooding • friendship for low power nodes In a Bluetooth mesh network, network nodes are configured to operate in a publishsubscribe model. Information among nodes is transmitted in messages. Nodes providing data or actions use messages to publish information on the network. Other nodes can either collect the data in messages or use it for actions. Figure 2depicts a simple mesh network made up of switches and lights and shows how they are configured to operate. To spread a message across the mesh, the source node simply broadcasts its message using advertising. Other nodes in the network then receive and forward the messageto all other nodes, extending the range of the mesh network well beyond the capability of an individual Bluetoothlink. This is referred to as flooding mesh. There are several basic mechanismsin place to ensure that the network is notoverloaded. Examples include (i) not relaying messages thata node has already touched,and (ii) limiting the number of hops. For a network to support relaying, relaying
nodes need to actively listen to messages all the time. This means that theycannot operate in low power mode. Nodes with limited power can instead be configured in a friendship relationship withrelayingnodes. In a friendship relationship, the relaying node temporarily stores data until the low power node wakes up. Then the data is exchanged during the short period in which the low power node is active.
Figure 2 Bluetooth mesh use model: publish and subscribe
Figure 3 Low power nodesin friendship with relaying nodes
Industry 4.0 Industry 4.0, sometimes referred to as the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT), is an initiative that was launched by the German government in 2011. Since then,many other regions have created their own variants of the concept: In 2015, Japanese companies formed the Industrial Value Chain Initiative (IVI). In the US, the Industrial Internet Consortium was set up to encourage greater use of the Internet in the American manufacturing sector. In manufacturing, Industry 4.0 seeksto leveragetechnology to improve efficiency and reduce impact on natural resources. Examples of such enabling technologies include low power and low cost sensors, wireless connectivity, affordable network infrastructure, and computing power to analyze the large amount of collected data (Big Data). In predictive maintenance applications, for example, sensors are added to traditional electric motors.Sensor data is then analyzed toassess their operation (temperature, vibrations etc.) and predict when maintenance becomes necessary. The objective of predictive maintenance is toprevent unexpected failures that
would cause unplanned disruptions in the manufacturing process, but also to avoidunnecessary maintenance operations imposed by an overly conservative preventive maintenance schedule Bluetooth 5 in Industry 4.0 The enhancedfeatures provided by Bluetooth 5 pave the way for a number of new Industrial Internet of Things applications. Examples include: • device firmware upgrades • large industrial sensor networks, e.g. capillary networks • asset tracking • connected buildings • industrial real-timecontrol Let’s take a closer look at some of the aforementioned use cases. Device firmware upgrade The increased data rate provided by Bluetooth 5 – up to 1.4 Mbps –is sufficient to quickly send small files over the Bluetooth low energy connection. This makes it possible for industrial devices running embedded firmware, such as variable frequency drives,to use a Bluetooth low energy connection to transfer firmware filesforDevice Firmware Upgrade Over The Air (DFU-OTA). The latest generation of smartphonesthat support Bluetooth 5 may be used as mobile gateways between the internet and the industrial device. With a data rate of 1.4 Mbps, it only takesseven seconds to send a 1 MB firmware file, which is typical in many embedded industrial products. Device manufacturers might even consider replacing Wi Fi with Bluetooth low energy for this use case, bringing down both devicecost and power consumption.
Figure 4 Bluetooth low energy data rates support firmware upgrade over the air
Industrial IoT capillary sensor networks In the predictive maintenance use case, sensors need to be connected to a number of otherwise unconnected devices. There are two ways to do this: Sensors can either
connect directly to the cellular network, or they can connect to short range radio networks that, in turn, are connected to cellular gateways. The second approach is referred to as a capillary sensor network. Bluetooth 5 and Bluetooth mesh can be used to support capillary sensor networks by letting large numbers of sensors connect into a large network. Using Bluetooth as the short range radio has a multiple advantages over other short-range technologies. The main one is that Bluetooth is supported in almost all smartphones and tablets, making them the obvious tools for sensor and network configuration.
Figure 5 Capillary networks according to Ericsson
Asset tracking Mesh networks set up to control lighting in a building or factory, e.g., can be used to enable additional use cases such as asset tracking. This requires configuring Bluetooth mesh enabled asset tags to connect to the same mesh network, allowing nodes in the mesh sensor network to report which asset tags they detect back to devices monitoring the network. Information gathered from several nodes in the network can then be used to determine the approximate location of each asset. The accuracy provided is sufficient to know on what floor and in which room valuable assets are located. Examples of assets that could be monitored using this approach are expensive, moveable industrial equipment and specialized tools at manufacturing sites. References 1) Bluetooth SIG – Mesh Technology Overview 2) Ericsson - Capillary Networks – Bridging the Cellular and IoT Worlds 3) Royal Institute of Technology - Technoeconomic study on capillary networks and cellular technologies for Machine-to-Machine communications
Shaping Smarter Cities! Sensors: Key to Helping Vertical Farms Thrive
JosĂŠ Chavez is a senior pursing a Bachelorâ€™s Degree in Electrical Engineering at the University of Texas at Arlington, with particular interests in cybersecurity and augmented reality, among others.
Vertical farming has been on the rise these past few years thanks to technology advances that enable farmers to monitor and control environmental variables. The trend toward vertical farming is in response to several challenges found in traditional farming, including the extensive acreage and water needed, chemicals used in pest control, costs of transporting food to population centers, and crop loss due to extreme weather, among other things. Vertical farms have the potential to generate more produce than traditional farming in smaller spaces, using trays of crops stacked on top of each other. Vertical farming also reduces CO2 emissions by eliminating the need for vehicles to transport food over long distances, as the food grown by vertical farms would be supplied to local supermarkets
and neighboring cities. Additionally, the technologies used in vertical farming allow for tightly controlled conditions that minimize growth time, maximize harvest yields, and maximize overall process efficiency. Vertical farming is not typically done with soil-based systems. Instead, these alternative methods are used: yyHydroponics: Uses a solution of water mixed with nutrients that acts as soil for the plants to grow. yyAeroponics: Uses a medium such as cloth to grow plants by spraying the exposed roots with a mix of water and nutrients yyAquaponics: Uses a closed looped structure comprised of cultivating both fish and plants that support and benefit one another Vertical farms rely on sensor data to establish and maintain ideal growing conditions. Sensors such as moisture sensors, pH sensors, and temperature sensors provide hundreds, if not thousands, of data points that help farmers improve the quality of crops, grow larger quantities of crops, and use resources efficiently. Analog Devices combines moisture, pH, and temperature sensors into one development tool: The EVAL-CN0398-ARDZ Evaluation Board:
yyThe 3-wire soil moisture sensor determines soil moisture by measuring its dielectric constant, which enables precision in watering and eliminates waste yyThe pH sensor measure soil pH to determine which nutrients need to be added or adjusted to balance pH for optimal plant growth yyThe temperature sensor measures soil or solution temperature to maximize germination and growth The Evaluation Board is a low power device featuring an Arduino shield form factor for rapid prototyping to allow engineers to test the growing conditions of plants within a small sample size. The chip select is configurable to be routed to three general purpose I/O pins of the board, allowing multiple boards using SPI communications protocol to be stacked up.The all-in-one sensor combination makes is an easy and efficient sensor solution. Are you a user of the EVAL-CN0398-ARDZ Evaluation Board? Tell us your story in the Comments below! For more information on the technologies behind vertical farming, visit Mouserâ€™s Empowering Innovation Together series.
Data Mining to Help Develop White LEDs is a Believable Discovery Data mining can show ground-breaking potential for producing future LEDs as Researchers used data mining and computational tools to discover a new phosphor material for white LEDs The application for data mining can be rationally defined in the connected world. From the virtual world plying to the physical world, data mining can show ground-breaking potential for producing future LEDs. University of California is making this mindboggling theory of data mining to a noted application. Phys.org has lately reported that a team led by engineers at the University of California San Diego has used data mining and computational tools to discover a new phosphor material for white LEDs that is inexpensive and easy to make. The Researchers have reportedly built prototype white LED light bulbs using the new phosphor. The prototypes exhibited better color quality than many commercial LEDs currently on the market. Phosphors, which are substances that emit light, are one of the key ingredients to make white LEDs. The phosphors used in many commercial white LEDs have several disadvantages. However, many are made of rare-earth elements, which are expensive, and some are difficult to manufacture. They also produce LEDs with poor color quality. Researchers at UC San Diego and Chonnam National University in Korea discovered and developed a new phosphor that avoids these issues. It is made mostly of earth-abundant elements; it can be made using industrial methods; and it produces LEDs that render colors more vividly and accurately. The new phosphor—made of the elements strontium, lithium, aluminum and oxygen (a combination dubbed "SLAO")—was discovered using a systematic, highthroughput computational approach developed in the lab of Shyue Ping Ong, a nano-engineering professor at the UC San Diego Jacobs School of Engineering and lead principal investigator of the study. Ong's team used supercomputers to predict SLAO, which is the first known material made of the elements strontium, lithium, aluminum and oxygen. Calculations also predicted this
material would be stable and perform well as an LED phosphor. For example, it was predicted to absorb light in the near-UV and blue region and have high photoluminescence, which is the material's ability to emit light when excited by a higher energy light source. Researchers in the lab of Joanna McKittrick, a materials science professor at the Jacobs School of Engineering, then figured out the recipe needed to make the new phosphor. They also confirmed the phosphor's predicted light absorption and emission properties in the lab. A team led by materials science professor Won Bin Im at Chonnam National University in Korea optimized the phosphor recipe for industrial manufacturing and built white LED prototypes with the new phosphor. They evaluated the LEDs using the Color Rendering Index (CRI), a scale that rates from 0 to 100 how accurate colors appear under a light source. Many commercial LEDs have CRI values at around 80. LEDs made with the new phosphor yielded CRI values greater than 90. The computational quest for a new material Thanks to the computational approach developed by Ong's team, discovery of the phosphor took just three months—a short time frame compared to the years of trial-and-error experiments it typically takes to discover a new material. "Calculations are quick, scalable and cheap. Using computers, we can rapidly screen thousands of materials and predict candidates for new materials that have not yet been discovered," Ong said. Ong, who leads the Materials Virtual Lab and is a faculty member in the Sustainable Power and Energy Center at UC San Diego, uses a combination of high-throughput calculations and machine learning to discover next-generation materials for energy applications, including batteries, fuel cells and LEDs. The calculations were performed using the National Science Foundation's
Extreme Science and Engineering Discovery Environment at the San Diego Supercomputer Center. In this study, Ong's team first compiled a list of the most frequently occurring elements in known phosphor materials. To the researchers' surprise, they found that there are no known materials containing a combination of strontium, lithium, aluminum and oxygen, which are four common phosphor elements. Using a data mining algorithm, they created new phosphor candidates containing these elements and performed a series of first-principles calculations to predict which would perform well as a phosphor. Out of 918 candidates, SLAO emerged as the leading material. It was predicted to be stable and exhibit excellent photoluminescence properties. "It's not only remarkable that we were able to predict a new phosphor compound, but one that's stable and can actually be synthesized in the lab," said Zhenbin Wang, a nanoengineering Ph.D. candidate in Ong's research group and co-first author of the study. The phosphor's main limitation is its less than ideal quantum efficiency—how efficiently it converts incoming light to light of a different color—of about 32 percent. However, researchers note that it retains more than 88 percent of its emission at typical LED operating temperatures. In commercial LEDs, there's usually a tradeoff with color quality, Ong noted. "But we want the best of both worlds. We have achieved excellent color quality. Now we are working on optimizing the material to improve quantum efficiency," Ong said.
Sr. Manager, Sales and Marketing, Anritsu India
AUTOMOTIVE ELECTRONICS IS THE NEW DOMAIN, M2M, IOT ARE SOME EMERGING SECTORS IN T&M MARKET
5G has rapidly grown to take the next wave and already tech giants have started testing of this revolutionary technology. Frequency ranges involved in 5G testing range from sub-3 GHz to 86 GHz. Anritsu the fame name in the Test and Measurement sector has also augmented successful 5G tests. With its focus nimble and expands across new sectors, the company last year made ground-breaking announcements. Anritsu has been in the Indian market for aeons and its diligent strategies and success stories couldn’t be justified without naming Madhukar Tripathi, Sr. Manager, Sales and Marketing, Anritsu India. In an exclusive interview, Niloy Banerjee of Bis Infotech unearths his foresights and through him, How Anritsu will dress up for 2018. Edited excerpts. How is Anritsu’s current portfolio designed to seclude modern test barriers? Can you name few products and solutions of Anritsu which are simplifying modern test requirements? Anritsu is developing new test and measurement solution to meet industry demand. Anritsu introduced Ultraportable Spectrum Master MS2760A to meet portable Spectrum Analyser up to 110 GHz in very small form factor. Anritsu MS2850A Signal Analyzer is ready for 5G testing. Anritsu MT8870A Universal Wireless Test solution is ready for IoT, M2M related testing. Anritsu Signal Analyzer MP1900A is solution for new high data rate testing. In today’s digital world, how can “Good Quality Testing” be done and how do Anritsu solutions make sure the quality of testing? Anritsu products are known for its high quality and reliable standard. They are industry standard in many applications. Even 10-15 years old instrument still provide a standard performance and win customers heart. Though manual testing is still hoping the mainstream but automation in testing is sought to be the juggernaut in near time. How are your tailoring you’re offering and strategizing to on look into this transformation? Anritsu Signalling Tester /Protocol Tester / Conformance test system have automation
feature along with many other test instruments like Radio Communication Test System MT8821C or Universal Wireless tester MT8870A which are used in mobile hand set production test. Anritsu Signal Analyzer MS2830A, MS269xA series are used in Base Station testing under R&D and production test scenario. Site Master S331L has been modified to meet instrument… GUI has been made very simple and any less skilled person can operate Site Master. Operator can create own setting and save on screen of Site Master. Technician can just click one button and perform measurement. What will be the impact of 5G in the traditional test process, in terms of impulsive cost, design and engineering challenges etc.? 5G trails are going on in many countries and 5G test instrument have own challenges since specs are still evolving. Initially cost is higher due to high R&D cost. A&D, Telecom, healthcare are key markets today for T&M sector, what new sectors are evolving in India and how is Anritsu tapping these sectors and also dressing for potential new markets? Automotive electronics is new domain, M2M, IoT are some emerging sectors in T&M market. Anritsu have developed right test platform for various market need. MS2850A Signal Analyzer is selected by Samsung for 5G testing. MS2760A Ultraportable Spectrum Master is also selected by many
R&D companies for new technology testing like 5G Backhaul or automotive radar. What key challenges are haunting T&M sector today and how does heavyweight companies like Anritsu quelling the technology and service bottlenecks? India has been a very price sensitive market; we have wide range of products to meet various budget considerations of buyers. Most of telecom I&M market have taken rental route and this has slow down Telecom T&M growth Currently how you see the Test and Measurement market in India. What scopes and challenges does Anritsu foresee undertaking the current market sentiment? We feel T&M market will grow in India with many government push like Digital India, Market in India etc. Telecom R&D market will grow and Defence A&D sector will also contribute to growth of T&M market. We feel educational R&D market will also grow for better, safe connected society. What will be the blueprint of Anritsu to rev-up ahead of their competitors in 2018? Anritsu is committed to support Indian market. We have appointed many regional distributors across India. We have enhanced our post sales facilities- like repair and calibration. We work very closely with our customers and wanted to be part of their growth.
Conrad Electronic Now Avails Entry-Level HandHeld T&M Devices from Voltcraft Conrad Electronic announces the availability of two new pairs of entry-level hand-held test units from Voltcraft power supplies and charging technology. The launch includes the VC310 and VC320 clamp meters and the VC155 and VC165 digital multimeters, both sets representing excellent value for a range of users from professional to hobbyists. Key Nuggets Include: • Enabling non-contact AC current measurement, the new VC310 and VC320 clamp meters are ultra-compact and highly robust entry-level units that offer a very good price-performance ratio and the latest ergonomic technology. • Each unit integrates a clamp sensor, meaning it no longer necessary to separate the circuit for measurement. • Using the clamp method, current measurements can be performed without the usual disconnection and disconnection of the circuit, thereby avoiding system downtime.
• Providing 2000 display counts, both units offer three current ranges up to 2, 20 and 200A, respectively, from a minimum current of 1mA. • The VC320 unit also offers exact measurements via its True RMS capability, which enables the accurate measurement of unbalanced voltages and currents that deviate from the basic AC sinewave. • The two clamp meters are also ISO calibrated, which is required if the unit is to be used in an ISO9001 certified environment. • The new Voltcraft VC155 and VC165 are hand-held multimeters that have been designed to be robust entry-level instruments. • Primarily aimed at the home and hobbyist markets, the units offer an excellent price/ performance ratio enabling users to perform reliable measurement tasks. Rated for CAT III readings up to 600V and offering 2000 display counts, measurement ranges provided include: dc voltage from 0.1mV up to 600V (from 0.01mV for the
VC165); ac voltage from 0.1V up to 600V (from 0.01mV for the VC165); DC current from 1A up to 10A for the VC155, and both ac and dc current from 0.1A up to 10A for the VC165; as well as resistance measurement; and True-RMS for the VC165. Additional Info All the four devices – clamp meters and digital multimeters – are housed in soft rubber to deliver easy and protective handling. Voltcraft also provides a three-year warranty and customer support for all the units.
Keysight Technologies Announces Formal Membership in China IMT-2020 (5G) Promotion Group Keysight Technologies announces that it has been officially approved by China's IMT-2020 (5G) Promotion Group (referred to 5G Promotion Group) as formal member. Based upon Keysight's leadership, commitment and contribution to the development of innovative 5G test and measurement technology, supported by: 1) utilizing company global capabilities and resources; 2) R&D investments in local enterprise, projects and talents; 3) and outstanding performance in China 5G technical trials, Keysight was recognized by the 5G Promotion Group and the industry's the first and so far the only international test and measurement company that is a formal member of the 5G Promotion Group.
"It is a great pleasure to have Keysight approved as a formal member of the IMT-2020 (5G) Promotions Group," said Ron Nersesian, chief executive officer, Keysight Technologies. "This announcement demonstrates Keysight's leadership in 5G test and measurement and is a strong affirmation of our 5G strategy and investment. Keysight will continue to actively support and promote China's 5G technical innovation." In February 2013, the IMT-2020 (5G) Promotion Group was created by the joint supports of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology of China, the National Development and Reform Commission of China, and the Ministry of Science and Technology of China. The 5G Promotion Group is becoming an active force that promotes the 5G technology innovations
in which attracts worldwide leading 5G enterprises. China's 5G technical trial, is conducted by the 5G Promotion Group, and achieves considerable progress. Keysight continues to support China's 5G technical trials, and it is the only international test and measurement company, currently, that supports and participates in the China's 5G technical trial step 3.
Anritsu’s Signal Analyzer MS2850A to Help Spur Samsung 5G System Development Anritsu Corporation’s Signal Analyzer MS2850A with 5G Analysis Software is now been opted by Samsung Electronics. Anritsu’s Signal Analyzer MS2850A is known to help Samsung Electronics support 5G system developments. Samsung unveiled its end-to-end 5G product portfolios including 5G home routers (CPEs), 5G Access Unit (AU) last year under development for commercial grade products. The company is engaged with major operators in leading markets like the United States, South Korea and Japan to commercialize 5G to the market. Anritsu's MS2850A will play a key quality assurance role at manufacturing to facilitate fast 5G service deployments. By partnering with Samsung in the mobile communications field since 3G (W-CDMA), Anritsu has long supported communications equipment development and manufacturing,
and this new advance as a 5G measuring equipment vendor for Samsung production lines provides a measurement solution tailored to fast deployment of future 5G services. With an analysis bandwidth of up to 1 GHz used by 5G as well as built-in modulation analysis software and all-at-once capture of up to 8 multicarrier signals, the MS2850A is the ideal solution: • For development and manufacturing of 5G wireless communications equipment. • These advanced features slash measurement times compared to earlier slow signal analyzers requiring channelby-channel analysis. • In addition, the excellent dynamic range, amplitude, and phase flatness of the MS2850A meeting or exceeding the specifications of high-end models support both high-accuracy signal analysis while holding down capital equipment costs, helping increase both
product quality and measurement speed while maximizing investment efficiency. Citing on the partnership, Shinya Ajiro, General Manager, IoT Test Solutions Div., Anritsu Corporation, said, "We are very pleased that Samsung Electronics—the world leader in the 5G market—has chosen our MS2850A as the best solution for their 5G wireless equipment manufacturing needs, and we shall continue working hard to provide more measurement solutions playing a key role in development of a mobile communications society, beginning with 5G."
Rohde & Schwarz, Gemalto Partners for LTEAdvanced Wireless Modules Rohde & Schwarz has joined with the wireless module vendor Gemalto to overcome the problem of extensive real network drive tests in different countries. The solution is to automatically reproduce field-recorded network configurations of Gemalto Cinterion modules on an R&S CMW500 mobile radio tester. With this, the manufacturers can use virtual drive tests during the development phase of LTE and LTE-Advanced modules that will ultimately be used in smart phones as well as in M2M and automotive applications. Networkspecific integration tests and field tests include analysis of call drops, cell handover problems and roaming issues, which are especially critical when crossing country and cellular network borders. Together, Rohde & Schwarz test equipment and Gemalto cellular modules ensure that
the protocol stack operates synchronously across all networks and conditions supporting seamless cellular coverage and reliable connectivity before continuing integration and performing further field tests. Rohde & Schwarz has developed R&S CMWcards software – a graphical protocol test tool that provides a wizard for importing field logs generated by different types of drive test tools (R&S ROMES) and chipset logging tools. After import, R&S CMWcards extracts the base station and core network parameters are extracted along with RF data such as power levels. All relevant field network parameters can be used to recreate the collected drive test data in the lab, using R&S CMWcards for protocol and application tests. This is especially relevant for LTE/LTE-Advanced, WCDMA and GSM as well as cellular IoT standards such as
eMTC and NB-IoT. Accelerating the network drive test process results in faster time to market. Unlike other simulated drive test solutions, R&S CMWcards is the first virtual drive test solution to offer replication of signaling and RF conditions in an easy-to-operate GUI on the R&S CMW500 mobile radio tester.
IBM, Bluewolf Jointly Launches New Salesforce Practice in India Global Salesforce consulting agency Bluewolf,
The Bluewolf India Salesforce practice
an IBM Company announces the launch of a
strengthens that commitment with a
new practice to drive digital transformation
proven consulting approach that fosters
and customer experience locally in India
co-collaboration between customers and
industry experts. The practice brings
The dedicated practice is known to leverage
specialized Salesforce Einstein and IBM
Bluewolf’s deep expertise and delivery
Watson resources, data scientists, business
capabilities in Salesforce, augmented
process and integration leaders, and global
intelligence (AI), and innovation strategy,
delivery that prioritizes customer experience
combined with IBM’s pioneering cognitive
at the core of every engagement, and enables
and design-thinking, to help clients - of any
quick innovation and full support of clients’
industry - connect customer experience
Eric Berridge, CEO of Bluewolf said, “As
Citing on the new rollout, Lula Mohanty,
a worldwide leader in the Salesforce
Managing Partner, GBS, IBM said, “With
implementation ecosystem, we will focus
over 10,000 successful Salesforce projects
on outcomes-driven consulting that puts the
delivered globally and throughout Asia-
customer and employees at the center of
Pacific, we’re excited to bring this successful
the experience. We are delighted to bring
partnership to India. Giving developers the
our global expertise to help companies in
ability to integrate IBM Watson services
India to achieve their business goals.”
into Salesforce will combine insights from
Last year, IBM and Salesforce announced a
unstructured data inside or outside an
global strategic partnership to deliver joint
enterprise and customer data delivered by
solutions designed to leverage artificial
Salesforce Einstein to enable smarter, faster
intelligence and enable companies to make
decisions across sales, service, marketing,
smarter decisions, faster than ever before.
commerce and more.”
With the partnership, IBM Watson and
Salesforce Einstein connect to enable a new level of intelligent customer engagement across sales, service, marketing, commerce and more. Sunil Jose, SVP and Country Leader, Salesforce India said, “This launch in India strengthens IBM’s commitment to the Salesforce ecosystem and deeper collaboration of IBM Watson and Salesforce Einstein. As we enter the Fourth Industrial Revolution, we will continue to empower companies of all sizes and industries to redefine customer experiences putting AI to use inside their organizations, in a future where AI will reshape every aspect of work making smarter decisions faster than ever before.”
Dell Tweaks Wyse Virtualization Software for Ease of Use of Thin Clients Dell has lately announced updates to its thin client software and operation tools to simplify set up, manage and scale Dell digital workspace or VDI solutions for businesses. This release includes updates to the highly secure, virus-resistant ThinOS 8.5 software, Wyse Management Suite 1.1 for thin client management, and two new solutions, the Wyse Converter for PCs and Wyse Easy Setup. “Part of making it easier for our customers to deploy and run digital workspaces is to create thoughtful integration between the hardware, software and back-end infrastructure,” said Darrel Ward, senior vice
president, Dell Commercial Client Product Group. “We want the Wyse thin client experience to be the best it can be for our customers. We’re setting out to achieve that through continual investment in our software solutions to create a holistic ecosystem our customers can easily integrate into their existing IT environments.” ThinOS 8.5: Expanded protocol support and enhanced user experience An optimum thin client experience is akin to a PC experience. Powerful graphics, audio and connectivity options are essential for employees to be their most productive. Dell continually invests in the development
of its Wyse ThinOS software with new feature releases to make the Dell thin client experience as user-friendly as possible for end-users, and secure and easy-to-deploy for IT. With this release, the expanded protocol support features include: • Citrix RealTime Media Engine and Multiple Audio Device Support: Upgraded HDX RealTime Media Engine and a major audio sub-system enhancement, including secondary ringer support to improve the end-user experience • Citrix NetScaler Improvements: Experience heightened security with twofactor authentication and SMS Passcode
support through Citrix NetScaler • Microsoft RDP10 Support: Higher image quality and readability using existing hardware encoders and decoders • VMware Blast Extreme Acceleration: A hardware accelerator for VMware Blast Extreme Protocol ensures high quality video and graphics via onboard GPU acceleration of H.264 video content up to 1920 x 1200 resolution Additionally, with ThinOS 8.5 customers can get up and running easier, with the first-boot configuration wizard to guide customers in setting up their ThinOS clients for the first time. For even greater security protection, ThinOS now supports an additional twofactor authentication solution across both Citrix and VMware brokering environments. Wyse Management Suite 1.1 further simplifies thin client management Dell also is updating its recently introduced advanced thin client management solution, Wyse Management Suite. With this latest update (version 1.1), existing owners of the previous Wyse Device Manager product can now easily migrate to Wyse Management Suite, which debuted in mid2017. This management solution enables organizations to configure, monitor, and manage more than one hundred thousand Wyse thin clients. The solution can be used either as an on-premises or cloud-managed solution, or a combination of both, and is now even easier to use through a new self-guided wizard. Organizations who use Wyse Management Suite 1.1 Pro can also manage via a mobile app to view critical alerts and send notifications while remote. New features of Wyse Management Suite 1.1 include: • Wyse Device Manager Import Tool: Wyse Device Manager customers can easily migrate critical data to the Wyse Management Suite as they manage the transition on their own schedule • Remote Shadow: End-user support and troubleshooting is made easy with functionality that allows administrators to access, track and take control of a thin client session, no matter where the endpoint is physically located • Advanced Installer: Set up becomes more streamlined by enabling support for
MySQL databases and offering the ability to change default ports throughout the entire installation process and beyond • Integration of Wyse Ecosystem: Simplified configuration and management of converted PCs and all Wyse thin clients across three operating systems Wyse Converter for PCs breathes new life into traditional PCs Wyse Converter for PCs is a new software solution from Dell that can convert or repurpose existing PCs running Windows 7 or 10 into thin client-like devices, allowing for an easy transition to VDI with little upfront investment. Converting traditional PCs into thin client-like devices allows organizations to get more life from existing hardware, with the added benefits of a secure and powerful VDI environment. The converted endpoint looks and functions like a typical Windows Embedded thin client, providing a reliable and secure virtual desktop experience across several generations of hardware. The Wyse Converter for PCs locks down a device’s operating system and converts it into a secure thin client which can be remotely managed via tight integration with Wyse Management Suite 1.1 (or later). The device retains Windows Software Assurance and enables customers to use existing productivity applications such as Skype for Business. The solution can be deployed on any PC that is running Windows 7 or 10, whether from Dell or another manufacturer, reflecting
current heterogeneous IT environments. Wyse Easy Setup allows for quick and easy configuration Wyse Easy Setup is a free utility that enables IT administrators to quickly and easily configure Windows-based thin clients to their organization’s specific IT policy. Administrators can replicate a single device configuration across any other compatible thin client operating system and tailor end-user experiences. Based on a user’s individual needs, systems can be set up with configurable access to local applications, or be made to leverage a kiosk mode which only allows IT-designated applications. Userspecific changes like monitor, keyboard, mouse and Wi-Fi settings are also simple and can be managed by individual end-users, freeing up IT’s time from routine set-up and maintenance. Availability The following solutions are available in the U.S. and select regions around the world: • Wyse Management Suite 1.1 is now available • Wyse Easy Setup is available now as a free download on Dell.com and will be embedded in new hardware introductions later in 2018 • Wyse Converter for PCs will be available in late February 2018 • ThinOS 8.5 will be available in the first quarter of calendar 2018
AUTONOMOUS VEHICLES Recent Trends and Test Methodologies Archan Mudwel Technical Marketing Engineer | National Instruments
With the accelerating growth of technology, the Automotive industry is also undergoing a disruption. There is convergence of technologies from diverse domains coming together to build a “vehicle of tomorrow”. These technologies include software, wireless connectivity, sensors and machine learning algorithms. With the accelerated rise in these new technologies, growth in the emerging markets and the change in customer preferences, the automotive industry is ready to see a disruption yet again. Recent trends in the Automotive Industry According to a report by McKinsey, the four disruptive trends that are driven by these new technologies include: 1. Shared Mobility 2. Autonomous Driving 3. Vehicle Electrification 4. Connectivity Today, our cars are empty and parked 90% of the time and with the increasing traffic congestion in cities, people are questioning the need to even own a vehicle of their own. Companies like Ford and Toyota who are looking in invest in car-sharing and mobility services platforms as potential business opportunities.
Another major trend in the automotive market is the electrification of vehicles. OEMs are aggressively pursuing electrification with Toyota, General Motors, Volvo and Ford making aggressive plans towards electrification. With India leapfrogging to BS VI and Government of India’s aggressive push to electrify all new vehicles by 2030, auto part manufacturers and carmakers are compelled to draw up early plans for electrification. The other 2 trends are Autonomous Driving and Connectivity. SAE has defined the various levels of Autonomous Driving all the way from no automation to driver assistance and full automation. Most of the systems used today are helping drivers avoid accidents but in just a few more years they may be eliminating the need for drivers at all.
There are various technologies that drive autonomous vehicles: • Sensors
Sensors are an integral part of autonomous vehicles.
• Communication and Connectivity
A “connected vehicle” as the name suggests should be connected with the world around it and should be able to communicate to other vehicles (V2V Communication), infrastructure like traffic lights (V2I Communication) and even with the GPS signals coming from the satellites. Combined with other wireless signals of a typical automotive V2X accelerates technology convergence, where test engineers integrate more I/Os and wireless standards. There are different standards competing today for V2X. IEEE 802.11p (DSRC) and LTE V2X (Cellular V2X) being the top-runners. • Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence
Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence needs to play an o Radar: Radars typically work by emitting an electromagnetic
pulse which gets reflected from objects and is received back by the receiver. Based on the time difference between the transmitted pulse and the reflection and parameters like Doppler shifts, the range and speed of objects is calculated. The Automotive Radar so far has been a tale of two frequencies- the 24GHz band and the 77GHz band.
important role to achieve fully autonomous vehicles. A lot of research is going on to develop deep learning algorithms including neural networks. This kind of inductive learning leads to evolving software operation that is challenging to test. Test Challenges & Methodologies
Autonomous vehicles pose several test challenges due to regulatory uncertainity, new technologies and their integration.
o Cameras: Radars are effective at detecting obstacles, whereas cameras on the other hand are good at detecting what those obstacles are. There are multiple cameras mounted on a vehicle to capture a 360-degree view of the surroundings. The Automotive Camera market is expected to grow to $5 billion by 2026 according to a report of Transparency Market Research. o LIDAR: LIDAR (Light Detection and Ranging) works on the same
principle as Radar with the only difference being that instead of using Radio waves, a LIDAR uses visible light for creating exact 3D monochromatic images or maps around the vehicle. Apart from the sensors mentioned above there are other sensors like ultrasonic proximity sensors, etc. that are extensively used.
National Instruments offers a flexible platform based on the open PXI standard that can be moulded to build test systems that can scale up as the test requirements change. This kind of a modular platform allows flexibility and scalability of these test systems. Let us take examples of some of these technologies and the test
strategies for them. • Radar: There are 2 different tests that are performed on a radar subsystem. o Radar Sensor Characterization
o Target Emulation or Radar Echo Simulator NI Vehicle Radar Test System (VRTS) provides automated radar measurement and obstacle simulation capabilities for 76-81 GHz vehicular radar systems. The VRTS’s flexible obstacle generation capability allows engineers to test the embedded software of radar and other ADAS systems through simulation of a wide range of generated scenarios. The system works on the 76-81GHz frequency range and can emulate obstacles upto a minimum range of 4m which a range resolution of 10 cm. In addition, the combination of high-performance mmWave Radio Heads and the PXI Vector Signal Transceiver (VST) also allows engineers to conduct precision RF measurements for beam characterization and testing. NI Vehicle Radar Test System (VRTS) provides automated radar measurement and obstacle simulation capabilities for 76-81 GHz vehicular radar systems. The VRTS’s flexible obstacle generation capability allows engineers to test the embedded software of radar and other ADAS systems through simulation of a wide range of generated scenarios. The system works on the 76-81GHz frequency range and can emulate obstacles upto a minimum range of 4m which a range resolution of 10 cm. In addition, the combination of high-performance mmWave Radio Heads and the PXI Vector Signal Transceiver (VST) also allows engineers to conduct precision RF measurements for beam characterization and testing.
radar module that we could not detect before.” - Niels Koch, Audi You can find the complete application note here • Cameras Cameras help to detect details about the obstacle. Camera subsystems are testing in 2 specific ways: o Scene Replay in front of camera assembly. o Raw Video Frame Simulation with noise and error injection. Companies like Valeo use the NI platform to maximize test reuse for Vehicle Camera systems meant for Automated Parking. “Using the PXI platform, we get the flexibility we need, while still ensuring we can reuse all the common elements such as the DAQ functionality and HIL environment." -Derek O'Dea, Valeo. • Sensor Fusion Sensor fusion is a growing trend where multiple sensors are fused together and their signals are given collectively to the ECU to make better decisions. The systems required to test these need to generate precisely synchronized sensor signals which can be achieved using the timing and synchronization lines on the PXI bus. • Communication and Connectivity A typical vehicle contains various wireless standards like radio, navigation, broadcast, cellular communication and connectivity. NI’s RF measurement and test products include Vector Signal Generators, Analyzers and Transceivers to test these wireless standards. The Second-Generation Vector Signal Transceiver from NI (NI 5840) offers an instantaneous bandwidth of 1 GHz and works up to 6 GHz of RF frequency and can generate and analyze wideband RF signals. Companies like Harman have used NI platforms for test of wireless standards for infotainment units. "We tested multiple wireless technologies ranging from Bluetooth to WiFi to GPS and cellular all with the same equipment using the NI Wireless Test System which helped us significantly reduce test time and the time it took to get our test systems up and running." - Markus Krauss, HARMAN/Becker Automotive Systems GmbH Please find the full application note here: Conclusion: Autonomous vehicles are the future of the automotive industry and the industry is gearing up to move from partial automation or driver assistance systems to full automation. There is a lot of new technology in terms of advanced sensors, sensor fusion and machine learning that is fueling this trend. The test systems that test these technologies need to be flexible and scalable to accommodate new requirements and ensure that these systems are reliable before they enter the roads.
Major OEMs like Audi have been using the NI Radar Test Systems to test their radar subsystems. “With the PXI VST, the combination of wide bandwidth and lowlatency software allowed us to discover an automotive radar sensor like never before—even allowing us to identify critical bugs in our
Synology Expands its NAS Portfolio in India
In a strategy to set new benchmark in the
personal users, small offices, SMBs, and
NAS solutions which help organizations
enterprise IT space, Synology announces
enterprises (including XS/XS+ series; Plus
gain more agility and streamline their work
to strengthen its NAS portfolio in India
series; Value series and J series) provided
processesâ€?, said Mike Chen, Marketing
announces a series of NAS solutions in
by the company are now available in India.
The company will also be unveiling the
The company claims to have logged a
The company has announced strategic
latest DiskStation Manager 6.2 (DSM6.2)
historic 30 percent CAGR growth in India
partnerships with both online as well as offline
OS update along with new applications and
since the year 2015 with SMBs contributing
channels to make its solutions available in
services in the country soon.
to a major chunk of this growth.
â€œIndia is aggressively marking its presence
Synology will also ink new partnerships
Synology's offline distributors in India
as a growth engine in the global economy,
in the country in the year 2018 along with
include- Supertron, EBM, while Amazon
owing to an unparalleled growth in the SMB
organizing reseller events and trade shows
will serve as the company's online retailer.
segment as well as ambitious government
as well as studying consumer behavior to
Four complete product lines of industry-
initiatives like Smart City Programme. We at
ensure last mile market presence in the
leading NAS that are designed to meet
Synology are committed to aiding this growth
different requirements and needs from
in the country with our industry-leading
Skills Vital for Business as Digital Talent Gap Widens - A Report A new research states that corporate demand for cybersecurity
very real effect on organizations in every sector,” says Mike Turner,
thinking needed to plug the gap – both in the acquisition and
Service Line. “Spending months rather than weeks looking for
skills is rising faster than internal supply, with innovative retention of key talent
Chief Operating Officer of Capgemini’s Cybersecurity Global suitable candidates is not only inefficient it also leaves organizations
A new report suggests an urgent and growing cyber security talent
dangerously exposed to rising incidents of cybercrime. Business
gap, calling for new recruitment and retention strategies to help
leaders must urgently rethink how they recruit and retain talent,
organizations contain cyber risks and build competitive advantage.
particularly if they wish to maximize the benefits from investment
The report, Cybersecurity Talent: The Big Gap in Cyber Protection
in digital transformation.”
by Capgemini demonstrates that of all the digital skills necessary
The demand for precious cyber security talent is projected to
for organizations with aspirations of digital leadership, cybersecurity
grow over the next 2-3 years with 72% of respondents predicting
represents the biggest gap between demand for those skills and
high demand for cybersecurity in 2020, compared to 68% today.
Set against increasing incidents of cyberattacks and the need for
The report surveyed over 1,200 senior executives and front-line
organizations to not only protect themselves but also maximize
employees and analyzed social media sentiment of more than 8,000
competitive advantage from digitization, the report recommends
cybersecurity employees. The results were such that sixty-eight
a series of tactical priorities for business leaders.
percent of organizations reported high demand for cybersecurity
Priority 1 – integrate security
skills compared to 61% demanding innovation skills and 64%
The first priority for companies is to assess how well security is
integrated across the organization. What is the culture of cybersecurity
Demand for these skills was then set against the availability of
outside the team with direct responsibility for keeping data protected?
proficient skills already present in the organization. This identified
How security-savvy are app developers and network managers?
a 25 percentage point gap for cyber security skills (with 43% availability of proficient skills already present in the organization),compared to a 13 percentage point gap for analytics (51% already present) and a 21 percentage point gap for innovation (40% already present). “The cybersecurity skills gap has a
“It’s important to make the organization as a whole better at
Look at traits and skills present in completely different job roles and
cybersecurity, aligning the enterprise with principles and processes
interview candidates the organization might not usually consider.
that are secure from the ground up,” explains Mike Turner. “Get
Those currently in math roles for example, are often highly skilled
the basics right, in terms of application development. Develop
at pattern recognition.
secure code. Make your network engineers and cloud architects
Priority 4 – strengthen retention
better at securing the cloud. That’s a good way to fight the skills
The final report recommendation looks at retention of talent. In a
gap, because it teaches the organization to be secure by design.”
highly competitive recruitment market, organizations must also
Priority 2 – maximize existing skillsets
look at engagement of existing employees to ensure talent gaps
“Another priority is to look at the, as yet, unrecognized cybersecurity
skills that lie within. Half of all employees are already investing
The report reveals that cybersecurity employees value organizations
their own resources to develop digital skills , showing an appetite
that offer flexible working arrangements, encourage training and
to upskill. Organizations that struggle to recruit externally may be
prioritize clear and accessible career progression. Within the new
able to uncover candidates with adaptable skillsets who can be
report, a difficult work-life balance was discussed as one of the five
trained. Those functions with complementary and transferable
worst aspects of the job by cybersecurity professionals on social
skills include network operations, database administration and
media and a main reason why they leave or remain dissatisfied
with their company. The clear majority (81%) of cybersecurity talent
In addition, companies should look at the requirement to embed
agreed with the statement: “I prefer joining organizations where
security into every service and application and hire business
I have a clear career development path” compared to 62% of all
communicators to complement the technical skills in their team.
respondents in our survey.
Business analysts and technical marketers could be transferred
The number is even higher (84%) for Gen Y and Gen Z employees,
to cybersecurity roles to enable the company-wide adoption of
who highlighted a lack of career progression as their number one
concern. Managing these softer but equally important retention
Priority 3 – think outside the box
issues is a key requirement for building a viable and sustainable
A third priority is for organizations to think beyond the normal
recruitment strategies and understand the root skills of cybersecurity.
MIT Predicts 10 Breakthrough Technologies of 2018 The MIT Technology Review has released a list of technologies it believes will make the most impact over the next 12 months, including smarter cities, genetic fortune telling and "babel fish" earphones. The Massachusetts Institute of Technology's magazine has published the annual list online in its latest issue, reckoning the innovations that will shape the coming year. "What Tech Review looks for when selecting the list is to identify what will have a profound effect on our lives," said a statement from the institution, based in Cambridge, Massachusetts. The team's choices are based on recently announced projects, products and research, for example, Sidewalk Labs' plans to build a high-tech urban district in Toronto spells a breakthrough in the idea of a "sensing city". A new technique in artificial intelligence called GANs – which gives machines imagination – could soon be integrated into cloud services to make them cheaper and easier to use, MIT predict The Technology Review also believes the launch of Google's Pixel Buds, which translate languages in near-real-time, could spark a wave of "babel fish" products that provide similar assistance. Advances in stem-cell research, genetic studies and clean energy production are among other innovations that feature. The list also mentions the companies that are pioneering each of the technologies in question, with giants like Google, Amazon, JPMorgan Chase and IBM all included. MIT Technology Review has been predicting breakthrough tech ideas and products
since 2001, and the university is renowned
University of Michigan | Rockefeller University
for producing its own innovations. Recently
› Breakthrough: without using eggs or sperm
announced projects range from plants
cells, researchers have made embryo-like
transformed into lights to "self-healing"
structures from stem cells alone, providing
a whole new route to creating life.
Read MIT Technology Review's 10
› Why it matters: artificial embryos will make it
Breakthrough Technologies list below:
easier for researchers to study the mysterious
3D metal printing
beginnings of a human life, but they’re stoking
New machines are making 3D printing of
new bioethical debates.
metal parts practical for the first time.
AI for everybody
› Key players: Markforged | Desktop Metal | GE
Making machine-learning tools available
› Breakthrough: now printers can make metal
through cloud services could spread artificial
objects quickly and cheaply.
intelligence far and wide.
› Why it matters: the ability to make large and
› Key players: Amazon | Google | Microsoft
complex metal objects on demand could transform
› Breakthrough: cloud-based AI is making the
technology cheaper and easier to use.
› Why it matters: right now, the use of AI is
Scientists have begun to forge embryos out
dominated by relatively few companies, but as a
of stem cells.
cloud-based service, it could be widely available
› Key players: University of Cambridge |
to many more, giving the economy a boost.
Sensing city Alphabet's Sidewalk Labs plans to create a high-tech district to rethink how we build and run cities. › Key players: Sidewalk Labs | Waterfront Toronto › Breakthrough: a Toronto neighborhood aims to be the first place to successfully integrate cutting-edge urban design with state-of-the-art digital technology. › Why it matters: smart cities could make urban areas more affordable, livable, and environmentally friendly. Dueling neural networks By playing cat-and-mouse games with data, a pair of AI systems can acquire an imagination. › Key players: Google Brain | DeepMind | Nvidia › Breakthrough: two AI systems can spar with each other to create ultra-realistic original images or sounds, something machines have never been able to do before. › Why it matters: this gives machines something akin to a sense of imagination, which may help them become less reliant on humans—but also turns them into alarmingly powerful tools for digital fakery. Zero-carbon natural gas A new engineering approach to natural-gas plants puts carbon dioxide to work. › Key players: 8 Rivers Capital | Exelon Genetic fortune telling Large genetic studies are enabling scientists to predict common diseases and human traits. › Key players: Helix | 23andMe | Myriad Genetics | UK Blobank | Broad Institute › Breakthrough: scientists can now use your genome to predict your chances of getting heart disease or breast cancer, and even your IQ. › Why it matters: DNA-based predictions could be the next great public health advance, but they will increase the risks of genetic discrimination. Materials' quantum leap Researchers recently used a quantum computer to model a simple molecule. That's just the start. › Key players: IBM | Google | Harvard's Alan
Generation | CB&I › Breakthrough: a power plant efficiently and cheaply captures carbon released by burning natural gas, avoiding greenhousegas emissions. › Why it matters: around 32 per cent of US electricity is produced with natural gas, accounting for around 30 percent of the power sector carbon emissions. Babel-fish earbuds Google's Pixel Buds show the promise of real-time translation, though the current hardware is unreliable. › Key players: Google | Baidu › Breakthrough: near-real-time translation now works for a large number of languages and is easy to use. › Why it matters: in an increasingly
global world, language is still a barrier to communication. Perfect online privacy A tool developed for blockchains makes it possible to carry out a digital transaction without revealing any more information than absolutely necessary. › Key players: Zcash | JPMorgan Chase | ING › Breakthrough: computer scientists are perfecting a cryptographic tool for proving something without revealing the information underlying the proof. › Why it matters: if you need to disclose personal information to get something done online, it will be easier to do so without risking your privacy or exposing yourself to identity theft.
Aspuru-Guzik › Breakthrough: IBM has simulated the electronic structure of a small molecule, using a seven-qubit quantum computer. › Why it matters: understanding molecules
in exact detail will allow chemists to design more effective drugs and better materials for generating and distributing energy.
Designing Engineering Innovation & Simplicity into Network Slicing With engineering simplicity as a key tenet, Juniper has expanded its recently announced library of Juniper Bots, with the introduction of the Juniper Contrail Network SlicingBot. Is your network built for the demands of 5G, IoT and the emerging mobile applications? Is infrastructure complexity stifling your “agility” to respond? Perhaps it’s time to rethink your network infrastructure and its operations. What Are We Announcing? With engineering simplicity as a key tenet, Juniper has expanded its recently announced library of Juniper Bots, with the introduction of the Juniper Contrail Network SlicingBot. Contrail Network SlicingBot automates
the provisioning and management of
software architecture, incorporating cross-
network slicing across both physical
domain resource management, cross-level
and virtual infrastructure. It ushers in a
resource modeling, and extensible APIs for
distinctive automation experience based
heterogeneous environment integration.
on higher-level business requirements
With the emergence of 5G, Edge computing
written in human language (“the what”)
and IoT trends, network operators are
and translates into actionable workflows
facing complexities that are driving them
to re-think the way they design, provision
For example, “I need a slice with these
and deploy these emerging services.In
characteristics: control plane, max
addition, customers are more empowered
latency, security, for IoT, Business, and/
than ever, demanding applications
or Residential Services.” It is designed
on-demand, anywhere, anytime, and
to automate both CUPS and Junos Node
customized for their specific needs. The
Slicing end to end across the network at
current best effort transport and edge
scale. By incorporating real-time analytics
services are not good enough, as both
and continuously validating the intended
subscribers and applications have far
business requirement, the Contrail Network
higher expectations of quality.
SlicingBot leverages Juniper’s intent-driven
Islands of heterogeneous service
infrastructure are straining operational
“The truth is that you can’t actually get
control planesfor innovative network slicing
and management systems to the point
rid of complexity, you can only control
of various network domains, including
of unsustainable economics.Network
where it shows up. And that’s our job here
operators are realizing that they need
at Juniper. We design solutions whose
At Juniper, we strive to bring engineering
a flexiblenetwork-as-a-platform built on
primary aim is to handle complexity so
simplicity to increasingly complex networks.
high performance infrastructurethat can
that you don’t have to.”– Rami Rahim,
We engineered operational simplicity into
be “sliced” into isolated networks that
CEO of Juniper Networks
the Contrail Network SlicingBotto simplify
mask the complexities of the underlying
Typical examples include physical
network slicing across a distributed cloud
environment - referred to as network slicing.
and logical isolation of network
infrastructure with the power of automation
Additionally, operators are embracing
connectivity and services with differing
defined in human terms for next generation
Control Plane User Plane separation (CUPS)
QoSguarantees;isolated slices of
to enable a distributed cloud infrastructure.
residential, business, IOT and mobile
CUPSmarries the scalability of virtual
services;and specific pre-defined network
control-planes with high performance
functions. Network slicingalso gives the
user-planes, increasing network agilityand
operator full flexibility to either logically
improving user experience.
or physicallylease a portion of their
Network slicing and CUPS form the
network to external or internal entities
foundational principles to enable network-
with specifiedfunctionality and expected
as-a-platform for distributed mobile
quality of experience.
cloud.Network slicing is a powerful
Juniper is combining The Self-Driving
mechanism that an operator can use to
Network innovations with our high-
create dedicated network resources from
performance MX router to deliver Network
a shared network infrastructure to provide
Slicing. Control-plane independent node-
multiple services with specific user and
slicing on the industry-leading MX Series,
application requirements. Slicing may
coupled with the programmable virtual
be performed invarious ways on a variety
Junoscontrol-plane, forms the foundation
of network resources depending on the
of our network slicing solutions. The open
operator’s service environment.
MX platform also integratespartners’ virtual
Juniper Networks’ Expands Offering to Arm Enterprises with Multicloud-Ready Environment Juniper Networks rolls out expanded portfolio of offerings that will bring businesses closer to a secure and automated multicloud environment. Adding to its robust portfolio of data center, campus, branch and cloud networking solutions, Juniper Networks is seeking to provide the infrastructure solutions organizations need to become multicloudready. A recent study conducted by PwC and commissioned by Juniper Networks found that a majority of enterprise workloads currently on-premises are expected to migrate to the public cloud in the next one to three years. As a result, enterprises will need to adopt even greater multicloud strategies as workloads become more distributed across IT environments. Juniper’s extended offerings across its data center, campus, branch and cloud portfolio are designed to enable enterprises to migrate to a multicloud architecture on their terms, using natural refresh and expansion activities to meet today’s needs, while also ensuring they are multicloud-ready. “The promise of multicloud is to deliver an infrastructure that is secure, ubiquitous, reliable and fungible and where the migration of workloads will be a simple and intuitive process,” said Bikash Koley, chief technology officer at Juniper Networks. “For IT to be successful in becoming multicloud-ready, it is critical organizations consider not only the data center and public cloud, but also the on-ramps of their campus and branch networks. Otherwise, enterprises will face fractured security and operations as network boundaries prevent seamless, end-to-end visibility and control.” Juniper is introducing new data center solutions, including: • Universal switch for data center spine, data center edge and DCI: The new QFX10002-60C switch can be flexibly used as a spine or an edge device for data center interconnect (DCI). It features 60x100 Gigabit Ethernet (GbE) deep-buffer interfaces. Juniper is also adding the QFX5210-64C,
a 64x100GbE port spine switch, and the QFX5200-48Y, a 48x25GbE top-of-rack switch, to its portfolio. • Secure workload transitions with new line cards: The QFX MACsec line card addition to the QFX10000 modular switches provides 30-port 100GbE connectivity for encrypted traffic in and between data centers. Juniper is expanding its campus portfolio to include the following solutions: • Simplified campus management with a single point of control: Juniper SkyÔ Enterprise is a cloud management service that enables operators to deploy, configure and manage switching and security devices, reducing change errors by up to 90 percent. With an intuitive and easy-to-use web dashboard, managing campus and branch networks is made simpler. Sky Enterprise also gives network operators visibility into wireless access points using Aerohive Hive Manager NG API integration. • Multigig and compact core switches: The new EX2300 and EX4300 switches bring multigig interfaces to Juniper’s campus portfolio. The EX4300 multigig switch supports POE++ for new applications and MACsec to enable a secure on-ramp to the cloud. The EX9250 switch is a compact campus core that gives enterprises multiple fabric options by supporting both Junosâ Fusion and EVPN-VXLAN. Juniper’s extended branch portfolio prepares the branch for multicloud with the following offerings: New network services platform with wireless connectivity: Juniper’s new NFX150 Network Services Platform combines native branch security and hybrid WAN functionality with wireless 4G and LTE connectivity between branches. Built as an extensible platform, it can run third-party virtual network functions (VNFs). • Contrail SD-WAN with new subscriptionbased pricing: Juniper’s Contrail SD-WAN solution bundles the SRX Series Services Gateway and the NFX Series with the platform and orchestration software required for multicloud-ready SD-WAN. New subscription
pricing bundles provide several physical and virtual endpoint options with secure SD-WAN management. Juniper is offering a secure and automated way of establishing connectivity to and within public clouds. • Secure connectivity to public cloud: Juniper’s secure cloud connectivity solution combines onboarding services with virtual products (vSRX Virtual Firewall or vMX Virtual Router) available in AWS and Azure to automate the setup of secure IPsec connectivity between data center, campus and branch networks and virtual private clouds (VPCs). The solution gives enterprises operational choice with options that include CloudFormation, TerraForm or Ansible playbooks. All new offerings announced today are powered by the Juniper Networks Junosâ operating system, providing users the telemetry, secure programming interfaces and operational tools required to automate across multiple places in the network. “For multicloud to yield meaningful improvements in enterprise IT, the boundaries that have historically existed between the various places in the network have to come crumbling down. That requires endto-end security and automated operations across the data center, campus, branch and public cloud. We are bringing the full force of our engineering teams in a bid to simplify networking so that enterprises can migrate from legacy to multicloud-ready and eventually to full multicloud architectures,” noted Michael Bushong, vice president of enterprise and cloud at Juniper Networks.
Red Hat Fosters Kubernetes and Containers Expertise, Signs Acquisition Deal With CoreOS Red Hat has lately signed a definitive agreement to acquire CoreOS, Inc., an innovator and leader in Kubernetes and container-native solutions. The deal settled for the price of $250 million is subject to certain adjustments at closing that are not expected to be material. The strategic acquisition is sought to foster Red Hat’s vision of enabling customers to build any application and deploy them in any environment with the flexibility afforded by open source. By combining CoreOS’s complementary capabilities with Red Hat’s already broad Kubernetes and container-based portfolio, including Red Hat OpenShift, Red Hat aims to further accelerate adoption and development of the industry’s leading hybrid cloud platform for modern application workloads. As applications move to hybrid and multicloud environments, a growing number of organizations are using containers to more easily build, deploy and move applications to, from, and across clouds. IDC noted, “Substantial advances in cloud adoption, simplification, and portability are underway. The demand for cloud continues to grow, and enterprises now anticipate that cloud architecture will dominate their spending for the next several years. With the growing sophistication of containers, customers are looking to their application platform providers to help them use containers to transition and extend existing production applications to be useful in public or private cloud.” Founded in 2013, CoreOS was created with a goal of building and delivering infrastructure for organizations of all sizes that mirrored that of large-scale software companies, automatically updating and patching servers and helping to solve pain points like downtime, security and resilience. CoreOS is the creator of CoreOS Tectonic, an enterprise-ready Kubernetes platform
that provides automated operations, enables
work on Red Hat OpenShift, the industry’s
portability across private and public cloud
most comprehensive enterprise Kubernetes
providers, and is based on open source
platform. Now with the combination of Red
software. It also offers CoreOS Quay, an
Hat and CoreOS, Red Hat amplifies its
enterprise-ready container registry. CoreOS
leadership in both upstream community
is also well-known for helping to drive many
and enterprise container-based solutions.
of the open source innovations that are at
Citing on the acquisition, Paul Cormier,
the heart of containerized applications,
president, Products and Technologies, Red
including Kubernetes, where it is a leading
Hat, said, “The next era of technology is being
contributor; Container Linux, a lightweight
driven by container-based applications that
Linux distribution created and maintained by
span multi- and hybrid cloud environments,
CoreOS that automates software updates and
including physical, virtual, private cloud
is streamlined for running containers; etcd,
and public cloud platforms. Kubernetes,
the distributed data store for Kubernetes; and
containers and Linux are at the heart of this
rkt, an application container engine, donated
transformation, and, like Red Hat, CoreOS
to the Cloud Native Computing Foundation
has been a leader in both the upstream
(CNCF), that helped drive the current Open
open source communities that are fueling
Container Initiative (OCI) standard.
these innovations and its work to bring
Red Hat was early to embrace containers
enterprise-grade Kubernetes to customers.
and container orchestration and has
We believe this acquisition cements Red
contributed deeply to related open source
Hat as a cornerstone of hybrid cloud and
communities, including Kubernetes, where it
modern app deployments.”
is the second-leading contributor behind only
The transaction is sought to have closed
Google. Red Hat is also a leader in enabling
in January 2018.
organizations around the world to embrace container-based applications, including its
Is Blockchain Right For Your Business? Microsoft Azure Translates Union Budget 2018 speech through the potential usage of blockchain for Digital India When is the right time for your business to implement blockchain technology? Is it the right time to invest your capital in the technology and if yes, then will your current capacity or core capabilities be able to bear the overwhelming potential that blockchain has to offer? The Government of India, in its 2018 budget, has undertaken to explore the use of blockchain proactively for ushering in a digital economy. To aid the efforts of the Government, Microsoft has been working over the last many years with global giants to uncover the potential of blockchain across banking and finance, retail, cyber security, supply chain management, IoT, Insurance, cloud storage and many more. But what is blockchain exactly? And what capabilities make it so attractive for enterprises? Blockchain is a disruptive technology trend that enables a shared, authentic, decentralized ledger that is:
• S E C U R E : B l o c k c h a i n u s e s s t ro n g cryptography to create transactions that are impervious to fraud and establishes a shared truth. Also, all the transactions are signed with the digital certificate. • SHARED: The real benefits of blockchain, over conventional technology, are achieved when we use it to link organizations to share
information on a distributed ledger. • DISTRIBUTED: A blockchain can be distributed across multiple organizations and becomes more secure as replicas are added. • LEDGER: Every transaction is written into the ledger once and cannot be changed after the fact.
What kind of businesses is blockchain best for? First and foremost, blockchain technology is adept for businesses where large amounts of data is transferred, updated and filtered by multiple users. The potential scenario to apply blockchain depends largely on that. Once we realize that there is a situation that requires the capabilities of blockchain, there arises the need to understand whether a public blockchain is required or an enterprise blockchain is essential. But what is an enterprise blockchain? An enterprise blockchain (i.e. Hyperlegder, Ethereum Enterprise, Ripple, Quorum, etc.) is a distributed ledger with the following characteristics: • All the participants, and their digital identities, are known from one or many trusted organizations • Writes and read permissions are roles-based and usually requires consensus of several participants • Multiple algorithms are used for consensus There are two types of enterprise blockchain: • Private: Usually managed by a single
organization. Typically, the network participants are internal business units or divisions. • Consortium: In this case, the blockchain network is managed by multiple trusted organizations. New participants require a consensus of several participants. Which industries can use blockchain? The potential impact of blockchain is significant across all sectors and industries—from banking to government to healthcare and beyond, as it: • Eliminates intermediaries increasing efficiency and speed. • Simplifies operations by reducing cost and time related to reconciliations and disputes. • Potentially enables new business models increasing revenue and savings. According to top market analysts and leading consulting firms, the top five industries that blockchain will likely disrupt by 2020 are financial services, government, real estate, supply chain management, and media distribution. Currently, most Microsoft customers using blockchain on Azure are financial services institutions, including insurance companies. However, the trend is rapidly shifting to other industries.
More interestingly, a sizeable percentage of blockchain implementations involve at least one participant from a second industry such as manufacturing, government or retail. A few customer examples are: • Bank of America and Microsoft Treasury using Blockchain in a Trade Finance scenario to improve the process of issuing a Standby Letter of Credit to a customer (SBLC) to a customer. Impact: The process has been reduced from 3-5 weeks to just 3-5 days. • Renault Group is working together with Microsoft and VISEO to create the first digital
car maintenance book based on Blockchain and using Microsoft Azure capabilities. • Large food manufacturers and distributors are using blockchain to track their premium products journey from source to consumption efficiently, and to have a shared ledger as the single source of truth. In India, amongst other strategic partnerships and implementations, Microsoft has partnered with Primechain whereby Azure Blockchain is the exclusive cloud platform for BankChain, a blockchain consortium of 30 top banks. Primechain is creating innovative applications on top of Azure for near real-time cross-border
remittance at near zero cost, real-time peerto-peer transfer systems with automated reconciliation, end-to-end loan syndication process management, vendor onboarding, NDA processing, and vendor rating and many more. The State Bank of India, India’s largest bank is using Primechain’s blockchainenabled smart contracts and KYC. (https:// news.microsoft.com/en-in/microsoft-azureaccelerate-blockchain-adoption-bfsi-sectorindia-exclusive-cloud-partner-bankchain/) Both, in India and globally, Microsoft is the partner of choice for the financial services industry, be it for transforming into a modern workplace, collaborating securely in real-time with first line workers and field teams, reducing IT costs, improving CRM performance, or technologies like blockchain. Looking ahead, Microsoft is working with customers, partners, and the developer community to accelerate blockchain’s enterprise readiness. Microsoft’s mission is to help companies thrive in this new era of secure multi-party collaboration by delivering open, scalable platforms and services that any company can use to improve shared business processes. Its roadmap is based on the following principles: • Blockchain on your terms: No one-sizefits-all approach — Microsoft’s platform and ecosystem partners make it easy to get started and iterate quickly with the blockchain of your choice, both on-premises and in the cloud. • Integrated with your business: Merge blockchain with the IT assets you already have. Azure lets you integrate blockchain with the cloud services your organization uses to power shared processes. • Ready for the enterprise: With the Coco Framework, Cryptlets, and Azure services integrations, Microsoft is addressing existing technology gaps with blockchain and helps organizations build durable enterprise-grade applications. Microsoft also actively participates in industry consortiums such as R3, Enterprise Ethereum Alliance, and IC3, to understand core industry scenarios, and to continue learning to meet the needs of customers. Currently, Microsoft supports the most widely used blockchain and distributed ledger protocols on Azure, including HyperLedger Fabric, R3 Corda, Quorum, Chain Core, and BlockApps.
Microchip's PIC18 K83 MCUs Now Available at Mouser Mouser Electronics is stocking PIC18 K83 microcontrollers from Microchip Technology. The new 8-bit microcontrollers which are now exclusive at Mouser Electronics combines a Controller Area Network (CAN) bus with an extensive array of Core Independent Peripherals (CIPs) to improve response time to critical system events. Exclusive at Mouser Electronics, the PIC18 K83 microcontrollers from Microchip Technology features: • The CIPs handle tasks without code or supervision from the CPU, increasing system capabilities and allowing engineers to more easily implement CAN-based applications. • The PIC18 K83 microcontrollers contain 15 time-saving CIPs in 28 pins with up to 64 Kbytes of flash memory. • The CIPs include digital peripherals such as three Complementary Waveform Generators (CWGs) that enable highefficiency synchronous switching for motor
control, and two Direct Memory Access (DMA) controllers that enable data transfers between memory and peripherals without CPU involvement. • The microcontrollers offer intelligent analog peripherals such as a 12-bit analog-todigital converter with Computation (ADC2) for automating analog signal analysis for real-time system response, and a Capacitive Voltage Divider (CVD) for advanced touch sensing, averaging, filtering, oversampling, and threshold comparison. • The on-chip CIPs can be easily configured through the MPLAB Code Configurator (MCC), a free software plug-in that provides a graphical interface to configure peripherals and functions specific to the application. • Through the MCC tool, engineers can configure the PIC18 K83 microcontroller with a few clicks. System designers can benefit greatly by saving time, as it is significantly easier to configure a hardware-
based peripheral, as opposed to writing and validating an entire software routine, to accomplish a task. Key Applications Include: The PIC18 K83 microcontroller family is ideal for applications using CAN in the medical, industrial, and automotive markets, such as motorized surgical tables, asset tracking, ultrasound machines, automated conveyors and automotive accessories
ADL Embedded Solutions Announces "ADL120S" SBC with 7th Gen Intel Processor ADL Embedded Solutions announces ADL120S compact industrial SBC with Intel processor of the 6th and 7th generation. ADL Embedded Solutions announces new ADL120S, a robust single board computer (SBC) in 120 mm x 120 mm format for performance-hungry embedded applications in the industrial sector. The new SBC is based on an Intel Q170 chipset and is equipped with scalable processors of the 6th and 7th generation from Intel's long-time available embedded roadmap. Up to 32 GByte DDR4 memory is available as a compact SODIMM. Other features of the SBC include: • Four Gigabit network interfaces, four SuperSpeed USB 3.0 ports, two M. 2 2280
Key-B interfaces with Intel RST RAID 0/1 (Intel Rapid Storage technology) support, and a high overall reliability/MTBF of more than 200,000 hours.
• The SBC also has an ADL edge connect interface, which provides high-speed I/ Os with up to eight PCIe 3.0 lanes on the bottom of the board. • ADL offers a standard cooling solution portfolio for the SBC that allows maintenancefree operation. • Passive heatspreaders and heatpipes that are superior to conventional active cooling systems (cooling elements with fans) allow a working temperature range of -20 °C to +70 °C as standard and optionally from -40 °C to +85 °C with external cooling air supply. • Long product availability of more than ten
years and long-term support in the areas of firmware (BIOS), tools and drivers make the new SBC the ideal solution for industrial applications with a long service life. • Supported are Microsoft desktop/enterprise and embedded operating systems as of Windows 10 as well as current Linux "LTS" or "Enterprise distributions" (Debian/Ubuntu or RHEL).
Avnet, Xilinx Participates in Tech Talk Series Organized by A*STAR Scientists to Drive the Future of Automation With the aim to nurture start-ups and entrepreneurs in Singapore Avnet Asia announces to partner with Xilinx in the "Lab to Market" Tech Talk Series, organized by the A*STAR Postdoc and Early Career Scientists Society (A*PECSS) at the JTC Launchpad in Singapore. Presenters from Avnet Asia, Xilinx and A*STAR discussed the future of driverless cars and other embedded vision applications. "Avnet has been playing an active role in supporting and nurturing start-ups in Singapore and across Asia, to guide their ideas to production. This initiative with A*PECSS allows us to interact directly with the makers to better understand and address their needs," said Andy Wong, senior vice president of global design solutions, Avnet Asia. "The adoption of embedded vision will transform IoT applications and unlock innovations across key industries such as automotive. Avnet's hardware and software solutions for Advanced Driver Assistance System (ADAS) equips automotive engineers with essential information to further innovate and realize the potential of IoT technologies." With an emphasis on embedded vision as the next engineering frontier, key market opportunities in the region span automotive & transportation, security, industrial, healthcare,
retail and consumer technology. Embedded vision enables machines to respond through algorithms, digital processing and visual intelligence, including facial and object recognition, and is being increasingly adopted for a variety of applications from smartphone cameras to driverless vehicles. Octavius Lim, senior director of Xilinx APAC channel sales, commented, "Embedded Vision is one of the most exciting fields in technology today. Xilinx sees embedded vision as a key and pervasive megatrend that is shaping the future of the electronics industry. For years, Xilinx and Avnet have helped customers and start-ups accelerate the development of embedded vision applications in markets where systems must be highly differentiated, extremely responsive, and able to immediately adapt to the latest algorithms and image sensors. With Singapore's Smart Nation initiatives, we see strong potential in Singapore to apply embedded vision innovations for advanced driver assistance drive and surveillance security." The convergence of advanced technologies including embedded vision, sensors, connectivity and deep learning is essential to make driverless vehicles safe and efficient. Supporting Singapore's agenda
to introduce driverless vehicles from 2022, Avnet showcased its latest autonomous guided vehicle (AGV) model utilizing the MicroZed™ Embedded Vision Kit. From enhancing security by providing real-time and more accurate analytics, to automating tray return at food centers, the AGV is ideal for helping makers accelerate product development. The A*PECSS 'Lab to Market' Tech Talk Series, which is regularly held in A*StartCentral, serves as a platform for researchers and industry comprising start-ups and entrepreneurs to exchange insights on technological advances and product development under various themes, with the aim of bridging research and development (R&D) and the marketplace, and accelerating product innovation and development.
Digi-Key, Acconeer Inks Distribution Agreement, to Ship Innovative 3D Sensor Technology Digi-Key Electronics announces a new distribution agreement with Acconeer. Under this agreement, Digi-Key Electronics will exclusively ship Acconeer AB’s A1 SRD radar sensors. The A1 radar sensor is based on a unique patented technology enabling mm accuracy with very low power consumption. The sensor is based on PCR (Pulsed Coherent Radar) technology, that gives several strong advantages including
extremely high range resolution while only consuming micro watts of power, and offers unique possibilities for integration into other devices. Attributes include accuracy, low current consumption, motion and gestures, material identification, and easy integration. “We are very happy to launch our innovative radar sensor with Digi-Key,” said Lars Lindell, CEO at Acconeer. “With their global distribution and customer base, Digi-Key
can help Acconeer reach out to customers worldwide.”
FRAMOS Empowers Visually Impaired with a New 3D Wearable Technology FRAMOS in cooperation with the CDTM
navigation without this information is a true
institute of the Technical University of Munich
(TUM) has developed an innovative wearable
The FRAMOS developed glasses now
using real-time 3D technology to support
represent a new possibility for the visually
visually impaired people in daily life.
impaired to explore the surrounding
The glasses are equipped with the latest
benefitting from the latest technology.
Intel RealSense stereo cameras, intelligent
Dr. Christopher Scheubel, FRAMOS
algorithms translate the visual impression into haptic and audio information.
Business Development, said, “We are
proud having found a way to bring state-
While audio information relies on object and
of-art technology into an application, which
character recognition, the haptic feedback
provides a huge impact on the daily life of the
is provided by a wrist band equipped with
visually impaired. This project hits the sense
of innovation by really supporting humans
This new way of sensing enables visually
and improving their lives. The exceptional
impaired people to fully understand their
beauty of this technology is the ability to
environment and to have advanced guidance
provide visual information normally given
for safe navigation.
by the human eye. Our technology creates
The eye is probably the most important
a new way of sensing.”
human sense. But visual information is
The prototype includes an Intel RealSense
hidden for 108 million visually impaired
3D camera and speakers for audio feedback.
The setup is controlled by a processing
Shop names, street names, route numbers of
hub with a GPS sensor and a LTE module
public transport or traffic signs are invisible,
for mobile data connection. Connected via
Bluetooth, a micro-processing unit translates visual data into haptic-feedback through an 2D array of vibration motors. Based on the exact location and movement of the vibrating feedback on the arm, the visually impaired is informed about the position and distance of things in the surroundings. A voice controlled interface makes interaction easy and rechargeable batteries enable a full day of use. The glasses are a smart assistant helping the visually impaired to master their life and provides a new level of safety and knowledge by text and object recognition enabled with intelligent algorithms.
element14 now stocks the Elektro Automatik EL 3000 B Series, for automated testing element14 is now availing the EA Elektro
up to 0-60A
• Input-filter protection circuit, preventing
• Coloured TFT Display, with integrated
damage from DC voltage may contain a
testing in workshops, laboratories, education,
comfortable function generator as well a
high-frequency AC part
battery test and (PV) MPP-tracking simulation
• Plug’n play slot to retrofit interface options
• High-performance, micro-processor based
Typical applications include dynamic load
• 16 Bit ADC/DACs for a high resolution
testing and aging simulation of small DC
• Voltage accuracy of 0.1% and current
sources, load testing/discharging of all
accuracy of 0.2%
types of energy storage devices and testing
• Highly isolated structure resulting in lower
of semiconductors, passive and active
sensitivity to disturbances during operation
• Active damping in the DC-input circuit
The EA Elektro Automatik EL 3000 B Series
significantly reducing oscillations
is now available to from Farnell element14
• Optimized thermal management eliminating
in Europe, and element14 in Asia Pacific.
Automatik EL 3000 B Series for automated R&D and industry. This series is an ideal bench top tool for low-
power component- and device testing which also provides accurate and reproducible test data. The versatile control software EA Power Control (available as free- and pay-ware) allows to run semi-automated test routines. The unit, which has a significantly improved reaction time of analog and digital controls over the previous model, has more improved features like: • 400W, 0-80V, 0-200V, 0-500V DC, 0-10A
a sudden stop upon an over-temperature condition
New Yorker Electronics Releases complete Portfolio of Vishay Semicnductor TVS Diodes New Yorker Electronics has announced the release of the entire Vishay Semiconductors VTVS Series of 400W TransZorb Transient Voltage Suppressor (TVS) Diodes, from VTVS5V0ASMF to VTVS63GSMF, in the SMF Package. With their low 1mm profile, low-noise technology, and very fast response times, the devices released by New Yorker Electronics are ideal for line transient voltage protection in space-constrained electronics. This includes laptops, notebooks, tablets, smartphones and external hard drives. The VTVSxxASMF series and the VTVSxxASMF feature voltages from 8.9V to 108V with breakdown voltage tolerances of 2% or 5% available. The TVS offer a peak pulse current from 2.9A to 20.3A, excellent clamping capability from 14.8V to 103.5V, low incremental surge resistance and operating temperatures from -55°C to +175°C.
The protection diodes provide ESD capability of ± 30 kV (air and contact discharge) in accordance with IEC 61000-4-2, support high-temperature soldering to 260°C / 10s at their terminals and meet the MSL Level 1 standard per J-STD-020. The AEC-Q101qualified devices are RoHS-compliant, halogen-free and Vishay Automotive Grade. Features & Benefit: • Breakdown voltage tolerance down to 2% • SMF package with low profile of 1mm • High surge capability of 400W 10/1000µs • Peak pulse current from 2.9A to 20.3A • Vishay Automotive Grade; AEC-Q101qualified • RoHS-compliant and halogen-free • High surge current • Operating temperature: -55°C to +175°C • Tolerance: ±5% for VTVSxxxA; ±2% VTVSxxxG • “Low-Noise” technology with very fast
response time Applications: • Laptops • Notebooks • Tablets • External Hard Drives The Series was also named a 2017 Vishay Super 12 Featured Product.
RS Components Unveils Light Curtains for Enhanced Safety in Industrial Environments RS Components (RS) announces availability of the new Allen-Bradley GuardShield 450L POC safety light curtain system from Rockwell Automation. Targeting machine builders, maintenance engineers and facilities managers responsible for on-site safety in production and processing areas, the new series of light curtains offers a flexible and cost-effective solution that enhances safety while improving productivity through innovative and patented transceiver technology. Enabling a safer work environment, safety light curtains are essentially photoelectric presence sensors that have been designed to protect personnel from injuries related to hazardous machine motion. Widely used in industrial production processes that are becoming increasingly automated, light curtains offer optimal safety and enable greater productivity, as well as being the
more ergonomically sound solution when compared to mechanical guards. The 450L series offers POC (Point of Operation Control) models, which are designed for finger, hand and arm protection and are designed to be placed close to the hazard and at the point of operation where personnel may frequently interact with a machine. While traditional safety light curtains are based on separate transmitter and receiver units, the GuardShield 450L safety light curtains use a next-generation system featuring patented technology. It allows each transceiver to be used as a transmitter or receiver via an innovative plug-in module that establishes each unit’s function as either a transmitter or receiver. This innovative approach enables a flexible and cost-effective safety solution as well as greatly reduced stock. For example, when light curtain systems are developed on the traditional transmitter/
receiver architecture, customers need to buy multiple light curtain models to accommodate different features. However, the GuardShield 450L series enables the purchase of identical sticks that offer customisable features with different plug-ins. Five-pin plug-ins are available for basic on/off functionality, while eight-pin plug-ins provide manual and auto-restart with external device monitoring. To further simplify setup, advanced function settings are configured via DIP switches located on the plug-in module. Additionally, flexible mounting kits and built-in alignment indication allow for quick and trouble-free installation. Now available from RS in the EMEA region, the complete GuardShield 450L series from Rockwell includes more than 20 safety light curtains and many accessories.
Infineon OPTIGA Trust X Embeds Never-Before Security for Critical Internet of Things With things around in home and industry are getting connected, the security scar of Internet of things remains. Lauding security first, Infineon Technologies announces addition of the OPTIGA Trust X to its OPTIGA Trust family. This hardware-based security solution is said to provide robust security to the diverse applications in the Internet of Things, ranging from smart homes to drones. Hardware-Based Complete Solution for the IoT The OPTIGA Trust X offers secured communication and software updates, mutual authentication and much more. Device manufacturers save time and costs thanks to the plug-and-play concept enabling even companies without specialist know-how in the field of security. “In the Internet of Things we have to think about security from the very beginning,” said Thomas Rosteck, Division President Chip Card & Security at Infineon. “Hardwarebased security provides the necessary protection against attackers, as critical data can be separated from operations. Thanks to OPTIGA Trust X, we make it easy for manufacturers to integrate robust security into their IoT devices.” Secured smart city with intelligent streetlights from eluminocity The developers of intelligent streetlights at eluminocity also rely on OPTIGA Trust X from Infineon. They use it to protect the streetlights against unauthorized access – from the cloud down to device level. In cooperation with Infineon and Intel, eluminocity has transformed a simple streetlight into a versatile hub. It’s already being used at the Hong Kong Science Park, where it offers flexible street lighting, a charging station for electric cars, and air
operating system, the applications, software
First Drone With Hardware-Based Security
and device drivers, and an evaluation
Emergency service workers often only have
kit. The OPTIGA Trust X can be used in
sparse information when they reach the
temperatures from -25°C to +85°C and in
scene of an accident. In the “Digital Product
an extended range from -40°C to +105°C.
School” conducted by UnternehmerTUM,
It is therefore also suitable for deployment
employees from Infineon, Nokia and TÜV
in harsh industrial environments.
SÜD have together with students jointly
As part of the trade show embedded
developed the first drone with hardware-
world (Nuremberg, February 27- March1),
based security. Its aim is to provide
the "embedded award 2018" will be
emergency services with reliable information
presented in the categories hardware,
before they arrive. Here too, sensitive data
software and tools. The award recognizes
must be protected, the control unit must
particularly forward-looking developments
be authenticated reliably and attacks be
or products, developed or manufactured
repelled. The developers are using the
by the companies themselves. The security
OPTIGA Trust X to achieve that – it delivers
solution OPTIGA Trust X is nominated in
efficient protection against attackers and
the category "hardware".
serves as a trust anchor.
Visit Infineon at embedded world at booth
OPTIGA Trust X – An Overview
231 in hall 3A or at the Mobile World
The security solution covers a broad range of
Congress 2018 at booth 6C41 in hall 6
applications: mutual authentication, secured
(Barcelona, Spain, February 26 - March1).
communication, data storage protection, assignment of keys, lifecycle management, power management, secured updates and integrity protection for the platform. The solution comprises the chip, the
ROHM’s New Boost Converter Provides 1.3x Longer Battery Life ROHM has recently announced the development of a boost DC/DC converter with built-in MOSFET featuring the lowest current consumption in the industry, making it ideal for electronic devices powered by dry-cell batteries such as electronic dictionaries, remote controls for home appliances, and gadgets (i.e. toys, accessories).
In recent years, the number of portable devices such as smartphones and wearables that utilize rechargeable batteries (i.e. lithium ion) has risen dramatically. Meanwhile, the adoption of conventional dry-cell batteries resulting from application diversification and expansion into overseas markets for electronic dictionaries, remote controls for home appliances, and electronic gadgets is progressing at a rapid pace, increasing the demand for power supply ICs that can provide greater energy savings. In response, ROHM leveraged power
processes and analog circuit technologies cultivated over many years to develop power supply ICs that meet market needs, including this latest converter optimized for devices powered by dry-cell batteries. The BU33UV7NUX outputs the 3.3V necessary for driving MCUs in applications requiring 1-3V input from 1 to 2 dry-cell batteries. Pursuing lower current consumption to prolong operating time in battery-equipped devices allowed ROHM to achieve an industry-low current consumption of 7uA (vs functionally equivalent products), extending operating time by as much as 175 days over conventional products, from 540 days to 715 days (ROHM study, 50uA load current and assuming standby operation in conventional remote controls driven by 2 alkaline batteries). In addition, a load current mode switching function is built in that allows existing remote controls to support the latest highperformance systems equipped with LCD panels, providing greater energy savings in a wide range of sets. Key Features
1. Low current consumption and lowvoltage drive contribute to longer battery
life In order to prolong operating life with drycell batteries, ROHM leveraged original analogy design technologies and power system processes to achieve a current
Target Applications • Electronic dictionaries • Remote controls • Electronic gadgets (i.e. toys, accessories) • Wearables • Electric toothbrushes …and other sets driven by 1-2 dry-cell (1 to 3V) or button-type li-ion batteries
Input Voltage Range
0.6V to 4.5V
Max. Load Current
7µA (MODE=L) 50mA (MODE=L) 13µA (MODE=H) 500mA (MODE=H)
consumption of just 7uA, the smallest in the industry among functionally equivalent products. This makes it possible to increase battery life in conventional remote controls powered by 2 alkaline dry-cell batteries by approx. 1.3x over existing solutions, providing an extra 175 days of operation (ROHM study, assuming standby mode and a load current of 50uA). In addition, the BU33UV7NUX can be driven by input voltages as low as 0.9V and supports both single dry-cell and button-type lithium-ion battery sets. Plus, the built-in battery leak detection function makes it particularly suited for dry-cell applications. 2. Load current mode switching improves efficiency in a wide range of applications A load current mode switching function is included that allows existing remote controls to support the latest high-performance LCDequipped sets while delivering superior energy savings. Adopting a low-power mode for standard products (50mA max. load current, 7uA current consumption, PFM control), and automatically switching to high-power mode for high-performance (500mA max. load current, 13uA current consumption, PFM/ PWM switching control), make it possible to achieve high efficiency power conversion as high as 94% under a wide range of conditions. Availability: Now (Samples), Dec. 2017 (OEM Quantities) Pricing: 500 yen/pc (Samples, excluding tax) Evaluation Board Sales Launch Date:
Operating Operating Frequency Temp. Range 800kHz
-40°C to 85°C
for optimum performance. The kits come with access to a rich selection of Cloud services from leading partners, who offer users the opportunity to try any of the associated partner services for creating, testing, deploying and managing their devices and data, free of charge. ST has established links with leading providers to address key IoT-device needs, including EMnify cellular IoT connectivity and programmable SIM management solution, Grovestreams Cloud data-analytics platform, Exosite cloud IoT connectivity and solution platform, AV System Anjay LwM2M SDK and AV System Coiote Cloud device management, Aimagin Matlab Blockset Solution with Thingspeak Cloud support, and the Ubidots IoT-application builder. The ST incard embedded SIM solution, based on ST33 secure microcontroller and built on STMod+ expansion board, contains an EMnify profile that provides data and SMS connectivity in 133 countries.
Amarisoft LTE software suite was instrumental for testing the LTE Pack while LTE Cat M1/NB1 networks are being deployed by telecom operators. Of the two pack configurations, the P-L496GCELL01 kit has a Quectel UG96 modem for connecting to current worldwide 2G/3G networks, while the P-L496G-CELL02 supports the emerging LTE Cat M1/NB1 (NB-IoT) standards, with 2G fallback by using the BG96 modem. More packs will be introduced later, to further extend coverage of mass-market demands.
RECOM’s New RAC-Series For Power Critical IoT and Smart Home Systems To cover more power-critical IoT and
extension, these series now offer 3.3, 5,
Smart Home systems, RECOM now offers
9, 12, 15 and 24V outputs to cover most
its low-power 3W and 4W RAC-series
required voltages. A universal input voltage
with additional output voltages.
range from 85VAC to 305VAC means they
Designing energy efficient devices is
can be designed for worldwide mains
not only about complying with the latest
requirements. SGA versions are certified
energy saving directives, but also about
to EN60335 and SGB versions to EN55022
the needs of energy sensible systems.
Class B without the need of any additional
Sensor-rich modern IoT will benefit from using energy efficient AC/DC power supplies of RECOM’s RAC series. To cover more power-critical IoT and Smart Home systems, RECOM now offers its low-power 3W and 4W RAC-series with additional output voltages. RECOM’s new RAC03-G and RAC04-G series were specially designed to supply
modern smart homes as well as IoT systems, all of which require a high number of low power nodes, actuators and sensors to process information intelligently. These converters’ high efficiency and no-load power consumption of only 75mW are ideal for energy-saving solutions which are needed in smart systems. With this
components. Additional Info and Availability
All modules are also certified to EN/ UL62368 and come with a three-year warranty. Samples are available from all authorized distributors.
Maxim’s Small, Low Power 4-20mA Sensor Transmitter for Industrial Automation Applications Maxim Integrated Products launches a new ultra-low power,
power sensor transmitters and industrial safety applications,” said
highly integrated 4-20mA sensor transmitter MAX12900. The new
Carmelo Morello, Executive Business Manager at Maxim Integrated.
MAX12900 creates small, low power, and highly accurate designs
Key Applications Include:
for industrial automation applications.
Industrial automation and process control, loop-powered 4-20mA
Nowadays, system designers must develop enhanced 4-20mA
current transmitters, remote instrumentation, and smart sensors.
sensor transmitters with several considerations in mind. These
Availability and Pricing
include improved measurement accuracy over a wide temperature
• The MAX12900 is available at Maxim’s website and select
range and reduced size to fit in a small enclosure. In addition, they
authorized distributors for $2.89 (1000-up, FOB USA)
are required to meet a tight current budget of their overall sensor
• The MAX12900EVKIT# evaluation kit is available for $55
transmitter system of 4mA maximum. The MAX12900 increases system accuracy with 10 ppm/°C voltage reference for up to 3.5x lower drift compared to traditional solutions. The small footprint (5mm x 5mm package size) of the MAX12900 integrates 10 optimized building blocks that results in significant space savings of 20%-50% vs. traditional 4-20mA sensor transmitter implementations. The addition of an integrated high voltage LDO and power sequencing capability simplifies the power up of the 4-20mA sensor transmitter. Its reduced current consumption for low power requires just 250uA of current maximum, enabling up to 50% power savings compared to traditional solutions. The new MAX12900 solution reduces implementation complexity, generating system cost savings by converting pulse width modulation data from a microcontroller into current over a 4-20mA loop with two, three, or four wire configurations. The MAX12900 is available in a 32-pin TQFN package and operates over a wide industrial temperature range of -40°C to +125°C. Key Advantages • Small size: 20-50% smaller solution size than traditional solutions; 5x5mm package size • High accuracy: 10 ppm/°C voltage reference for up to 3.5x lower drift compared to traditional solutions; 0.01% maximum linearity • Low power: Current consumption reduced by up to 50% compared to traditional solutions; 250uA current maximum “With Maxim’s MAX12900, we now have the flexibility to implement 2and 3-wire configuration in our solutions,” said Juergen Schmollinger, Group Leader, Development Electronics, Pressure Sensors at IFM. “In addition, we can use it with both a mid and high end 4-20mA transmitter due to its high accuracy.” “The combination of integration and flexibility, coupled with low power and high accuracy, makes the MAX12900 an ideal solution for low
TI’s Highly Integrated, Wide-VIN Synchronous Converters Feature Never-Before EMI and Thermal Performance Texas Instruments (TI) introduces two families of wide-VIN synchronous DC/ DC buck regulators with industry-leading electromagnetic interference (EMI) and thermal performance. The highly integrated 5-A and 6-A LM73605/6 and 2.5-A and 3.5-A LM76002/3 step-down voltage converters feature an optimized pinout and best-in-class thermal coefficient to simplify the process of achieving EMI compliance and higher reliability for rugged industrial and automotive power supplies. The 3.5-V to 36-V LM73605/6 and 3.5-V to 60-V LM76002/3 buck regulators touts to meet and exceed the demanding CISPR 25 Class 5 automotive electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) requirements. These regulators’ programmable output switching frequency can be set either above the AM band, which eliminates AM-band interference and reduces output filter size and cost, or below the AM band to optimize efficiency.
The small QFN package with unique wettable flanks delivers an ultra-low thermal coefficient of 7.1ºC/W (ΨJB) to improve reliability and enables post-solder optical inspection to simplify manufacturing. Optimized package pin placement allows flexibility in board design to improve heat sinking, which minimizes radiated and conducted emissions. Key Features and Benefits of the LM73605/6 And LM76002/3 • The new DC/DC converters provide up to 60-V operating input voltage range for nominal 12-V, 24-V or 48-V systems such as remote radio units, ultrasound scanners, motor drives, inverters and servo control units. • The new regulators offer up to 92 percent full load efficiency at 12 VIN, 5 VOUT and 500 KHz switching frequency. Very low 15-µA standby quiescent current increases light load efficiency. • The automotive-grade LM76002-Q1, LM76003-Q1, LM73605-Q1 and LM73606-Q1
support compact automotive applications
such as the infotainment head unit and front/ surround-view cameras used for autonomous driving. Packaging, Pricing and Availability Offered in a 30-pin, 4-mm-by-6-mm WQFN package, the LM73605 and LM73606 are priced in small reels at US$2.93 for 1,000-unit quantities, and the LM76002 and LM76003 are priced at US$2.88. All products are available now through the TI store and authorized distributors.
Littelfuse New TVS Diode Arrays Protect Sensitive Telecom Ports from ESD, Lightning-Induced Surges
Littelfuse unveils a series of AEC-Q101-
high speed interfaces.
qualified TVS Diode Arrays optimized to
“The SP4208 Series TVS Diode Arrays
• Low parasitic capacitance (nominally
protect sensitive telecommunication ports
combine a standoff voltage of 8V with a
3.0pF) allows for an appropriate amount of
against electrostatic discharge (ESD) and
low dynamic resistance, which supports
bandwidth to enable high speed Ethernet
lightning-induced surge events.
those implementations of G.Fast that run at
SP4208 Series TVS Diode Arrays (SPA
higher voltages,” said Tim Micun Business
• Extremely low dynamic resistance (nominally
Diodes) integrate low capacitance steering
Development Manager, TVS Diode Arrays
0.4Ω) helps to ensure the fastest response
diodes with either one avalanche breakdown
(SPA Diodes) at Littelfuse. “Their ‘flow-through’
during an ESD event.
diode (for unidirectional protection) or two
design minimizes signal distortion, reduces
(for bidirectional protection). They can safely
voltage overshoot, and allows for a simpler
Typical applications for SP4208 Series
absorb up to 30A of surge current and a
printed circuit design.”
minimum of ±30kV ESD without performance
SP4208 Series TVS Diode Arrays offer
degradation. Their low loading capacitance
TVS Diode Arrays include: • 10/100/1000 Ethernet.
these key benefits:
• USB 1.1/2.0, power ports.
• The 8V nominal standoff voltage permits
well-suited for protecting telecommunication
a higher operating voltage, which is an
• Medical equipment.
ports such as Ethernet and other high-speed
increasingly important consideration for
• Computers and peripherals.
(3.0pF) and high surge capability make them
Revolution Induced in Modern Inductors
Kaustav Banerjee, a professor in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, has taken a materials-based approach to reinventing this fundamental component of modern electronics. The findings appear in the journal Nature Electronics.
Classification of inductors in modern electronics is ubiquitous. With Internet of Everything (IoE) miniaturization and new compact design factors are all revolutionizing today’s electronics. Darwinism the fundamental component of modern electronics, a higher performing, smaller alternative to the inductor is to said have been developed using a materialbased approach. A team at UC Santa Barbara, led by Kaustav Banerjee, a professor in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, has taken a materials-based approach to reinventing this fundamental component of modern electronics. The findings appear in the journal Nature Electronics. Professor Kaustav Banerjee, leading the team at UC Santa Barbara (UCSB) in this project, explained that in typical metal conductors the kinetic inductance is so small it goes
unnoticed. "The theory of kinetic inductance has long been known in condensed-matter physics,” he said. “But nobody ever used it for inductors because in conventional metallic conductors, kinetic inductance is negligible.” Unlike magnetic inductance, kinetic inductance does not rely on the surface area of the inductor. Instead, it resists current fluctuations that alter the velocity of the electrons and according to Newton's law of inertia, the electrons resist such a change. Prof Banerjee explained that as the links between transistors and interconnects have advanced, the elements have become smaller, yet the inductor has remained an exception. "On-chip inductors based on magnetic inductance cannot be made smaller in the same way transistors or interconnects scale because you need a certain amount of surface area to get a certain magnetic flux or inductance value," lead author, Jiahao Kang, added. Historically, as the technology of transistors and interconnects that link them has
advanced, the elements have become smaller. But the inductor, which in its simplest form is a metallic coil wound around a core material, has been the exception. “On-chip inductors based on magnetic inductance cannot be made smaller in the same way transistors or interconnects scale, because you need a certain amount of surface area to get a certain magnetic flux or inductance value,” explained lead author Kang, who recently completed his Ph.D. under Banerjee’s supervision. The UCSB team designed a new kind of spiral inductor comprised of multiple layers of graphene. Single-layer graphene exhibits a linear electronic band structure and a correspondingly large momentum relaxation time (MRT) — a few picoseconds or higher compared to that of conventional metallic conductors (like copper used in traditional on-chip inductors), which ranges from 1/1000 to 1/100 of a picosecond. But single-layer graphene has too much resistance for application on an inductor.
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