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HealthBeat This month’s feature topics are

Diabetes & Physical Therapy


HealthBeat November: Diabetes & Physical Therapy

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opportunity for you to reach a health-conscious audience of readers. Next Month’s Topics: Fitness & Nutrition

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Choosing a physical therapist If you are suffering pain in your back, knees, neck, shoulder or other joints, it’s likely that you could benefit from the services of a physical therapist. A good physical therapist will help you better understand your body and offer advice and guidance on routine exercises and lifestyle changes that could help relieve your pain. People with back pain, for instance, can receive physical therapy to strengthen the core muscles in their back. Not only will they feel better, patients may also emerge from physical therapy with a restored, functional body. If you think you could benefit from physical therapy, first talk to your doctor. Insurance companies often agree about these benefits. Most companies require patients to try physical therapy before turning to expensive surgery to fix the problem. In fact, physical therapy can actually negate the need for surgical treatment. After surgery, physical therapy might serve as part of the aftercare and recovery process. For example, when you have

surgery to repair a rotator cuff, a therapist can play a huge part in a successful recovery. People with degenerative disc problems in their backs will benefit from a physical therapy regimen. It can help ease pressure and pain in their lower back. Normally, a problem like this requires surgery, but physical therapy can help patients regain a full range of motion. Physical therapists also provide the best remedy for other injuries. Someone with a reattached finger will need to practice with a physical therapist to regain feeling and movement. Insurance companies will likely have requirements. You may have to choose a therapy that is in-network, rather than outof-network. Your insurance may also limit the amount of visits they cover. Once you have narrowed your search to a few potential candidates, inquire about the physical therapist’s previous work history. Don’t be afraid of asking directly about their success rates and potential problems. The best physical therapists will provide emotional support as well. Treatment and

Our team of skilled Doctors of Physical Therapy encourage you to try Physical Therapy first to solve your pain & movement challenges.

Cathy Sulentic Morcom, PT, DPT

Jens Matson, DPT, OCS, CMPT

Maria Matson, PT, DPT

Katie Schuelke, PT, DPT

Orthopaedic clinical specialist (OCS), Certified manual PT, Certified industrial medicine, and Certified alignment based yoga practitioners.

Celebrating 25 Years SERVING THE BLACK HILLS

520 N. Canyon St., Spearfish • 605-642-7996 www.bhphysicaltherapy.com

recovery is very hard work, especially for patients in severe pain. When you feel exhausted, the physical therapist will provide motivation. They will not allow you to make excuses. Instead, a physical therapist will push you to your limits, which will aid in your full recovery. The therapist will inspire you to regain your full independence. This is especially important for elderly people who have problems getting around on their own. It is important that you feel comfortable with whichever physical therapist you choose. This professional may have to

examine sensitive areas of your body to check for swelling or heat. They may also massage your muscles as part of therapy. You should feel at ease and safe during this process. The physical therapist will likely provide you with follow-through exercises at home. It is very important you act on their recommendations. It will help you recover faster. With the assistance of a good physical therapist and your own hard work, you can often make recover fully and enjoy life again.


HealthBeat November: Diabetes & Physical Therapy

The basic differences between the three main types of diabetes their bodies and what they need to do to overcome their disease.

Type 1 diabetes

Hundreds of millions of people across the globe are living with diabetes. According to the International Diabetes Foundation (IDF), approximately 463 million people between the ages of 20 and 79 had diabetes in 2019, and the group expects that number to increase by almost 300 million over the next quarter century.

Diabetes is a complex disease characterized by the inability of the pancreas to make insulin or by the body’s inability to make good use of the insulin it can produce. People diagnosed with diabetes will likely be told if they have one of the three main types of the disease. Understanding each type can help patients recognize what’s going on with

The IDF notes that type 1 diabetes occurs most frequently in children and adolescents, even though it can develop at any age. The body of a person with type 1 diabetes produces no insulin or very little insulin due to an autoimmune reaction in which the body’s defense system attacks the cells that produce insulin. As a result, type 1 diabetes patients must receive daily insulin injections to maintain their blood glucose levels. The risk factors for type 1 diabetes are still being studied, but the IDF notes that family history, environmental factors and some viral infections have been linked to an elevated risk for the disease.

Type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of the disease, accounting for roughly 90% of all cases across the globe. When a person

has type 2 diabetes, his or her body does not make good use of the insulin it produces. An unhealthy diet and sedentary lifestyle can increase a person’s risk of developing type 2 diabetes, and oftentimes type 2 diabetes treatment plans include adopting a healthy diet and exercising more frequently. However, the IDF notes that many type 2 diabetes patients will ultimately need to take oral drugs and/or insulin to keep their blood glucose levels under control.

Gestational diabetes

Gestational diabetes, or GDM, affects pregnant women and is characterized by high blood glucose levels during pregnancy. While GDM typically disappears after women give birth, mothers who experienced GDM and their children are at increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life. Diabetes affects hundreds of millions of people across the globe. But many of those people can lower their risk for diabetes with a few simple strategies. More information about diabetes is available at www.idf.org.

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