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Chasid digs into Jewish expression at Antioch U. p. 3 April 2014 Nisan 5774 Vol. 18, No. 8

Published by the Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton

The Miami Valley’s Jewish Monthly • Online at Menemsha Films



Candidate for Israel’s pres. has Dayton ties

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What’s going down at JCC Film Fest Thomas Simon in The Zig Zag Kid

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Israeli Nobel Laureate Dr. Dan Shechtman

Quinoa is kosher for Passover


Mollie Katzen

Quinoa pilaf with asparagus & leeks in a portobello mushroom

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Happy Passover

From the residents & staff of Friendship Village

You’re Invited

Janell Cannon’s classic Stellaluna came to life with a puppetry adaptation by Hillel students in grades K-6 under the direction of artists-in-residence Ayn Wood and Chris Rowlands. Shown here (Back, L to R): Noam Akselrad, Avi Gilbert, Ranon Ginsberg, birds Rikki Mangel, Devorah Schwartz, and Ethan Zappin. Front: YiYi Li Kudera, Eden Lubow.

To our next monthly Friday Night Shabbat featuring a traditional Shabbat dinner with all your favorites

Friday, April 25, 5:15 p.m. In The Atrium Dining Room Friday Night Shabbat is $10 per person. R.S.V.P. to 837-5581 ext. 1274.

Save the date for Friendship Village’s

Annual Health Fair Wednesday, April 2 10 a.m. - 1 p.m. • Free Join our Alzheimer’s Support Group Wednesday, April 16, 5:30-6:30 p.m. We meet on the third Wednesday of each month in our conference room near the Coffee House. Please enter at Door 18. For more information, call Pam Hall, 837-5581 ext. 1269.

Touring Petra in February (L to R), Gabrielle Leventhal, Jewish Federation CEO Cathy Gardner, and Erna Blaylock make their way through the ancient city in Jordan after the Jewish Federations of North America National Women’s Philanthropy Heart to Heart mission to Israel, and Dayton’s extension to its Partnership2Gether region, the Western Galilee.

Join our Diabetic Support Group Tuesday, April 8, 10:30 a.m. & 6 p.m. (2nd Tuesday each mo.) with Gem City Home Care Certified Diabetes Educator Mara Lamb. Friendship Village For more information call Pam Hall, 837-5581 ext. 1269. 7 a.m. - 2 p.m. Monday through Friday. Located directly inside the Atrium entrance. Stop in & join us for a cup of coffee & Friendship Village Hospitality.

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The coffee shop is open for area Seniors to come enjoy FREE coffee, conversation, socialization, and the Friendship hospitality!

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Jewish Federation Tzedakah Sunday Chairs Andy Schwartz and Cadi Polk answer the call at the March 2 phonathon to raise funds for the Federation’s Annual Campaign


Volunteer opportunities available — call Bridgett at ext. 1299 for details.

Call Pam Hall today for details

United Against a Nuclear Iran Outreach Coordinator Bob Feferman urged Daytonians to advocate for sanctions against Iran should current negotiations with the U.S. fail, during a talk sponsored by the Jewish Community Relations Council on Feb. 27

The Coffee House is located just inside the Atrium entrance at Door 18. Watch for the Friendship Coffee House sign. FRIENDSHIP VILLAGE

Arts & Culture............................38

Kve l l i n g Co r n e r. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 8

Calendar of Events....................24




Fa m i l y Ed u ca t i o n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37

Obituaries............................. 35


Religion...........................26 THE DAYTON JEWISH OBSERVER • APRIL 2014


Chasid digs deep into Jewish expression at Antioch U. By Martha Moody Jacobs Special To The Observer Last year, a Chasidic woman earned a master’s degree in creative Jewish expression from Antioch University Midwest in Yellow Springs, under the guidance of a Chabad rabbi. That woman is Miriam Karp of Cincinnati, and the rabbi is Dayton’s Shmuel Klatzkin. Thirty-five years ago, Karp left the University of Michigan on a spiritual search that led her to Chasidic life. She says this came about after she had a dream about her grandfather, who appeared to her in a row, among white-bearded sages. Karp then studied at a Chabad women’s seminary in Brooklyn, married a Chabad rabbi, and worked for years in Jewish education, ending up with her husband and 10 children in Ohio. When Ohio’s curriculum requirements for teachers changed Miriam Karp and she learned she would need a degree to continue teaching at Cincinnati Hebrew Day School, Karp decided to use those required studies to develop her art and writing. From a friend, Karp heard about the individualized master’s program at Antioch, a program that struck her as demanding and flexible. Antioch requires each student to have an internal mentor, someone who teaches at Antioch, and an academically qualified expert in the student’s chosen field. For her external mentor, Karp approached Klatzkin. “He is uniquely positioned in that he has a Ph.D. from Brandeis, rabbinical ordination from HUC (Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion in Cincinnati, the seminary of the Reform movement), yet is also a Chabad rabbi and deeply versed in Chasidic thought,” Karp says. The Karp and Klatzkin families met years ago when they lived in Boston, and re-established contact when they found themselves living in Ohio. Klatzkin has worked with two other Antioch University students, another Chasidic woman, and an ordained minister. “The thing that most interested (Miriam and me),” he says, “was the

The Adventures of

Let my people


Bark Mitzvah Boy

He’s acting out the Haggadah?

Nah. Too much matzah. c O 2014 Menachem

tional Jewish custom. idea of integration — that the oneness Other relatives and family friends of God must be realized within the are dressed in suits and sportcoats, world in a way that would unite and with “sleek black sheaths.” Karp integrate the talents and passions of writes, “To the born-and-bred Orthoour lives.” dox I was… a free-floating anomaly, In their studies, Klatzkin and Karp not cut of the same cloth as them… In talked about a 20th-century Chasidic the eyes of the worldly sophisticates, artist and his correspondence with I was a quaint innocent, an idealist the rebbes, then looked at Kabalistic trapped in many rules.” and Chasidic sources regarding Karp has enjoyed writing all her tiferet, or beauty. life, and has been writing articles Klatzkin says tiferet is seen sifor Jewish publications for years. A multaneously, “as beauty, truth and chapter of her memoir about her first compassion. There was plenty there performance of the mitzvah of tahara, to study and to talk about.” This, he preparing a Jewish body for burial, says, included “the mystical pos“an ordinary, extraordinary thing sibilities of art in serving God.” to do,” was published in Hadassah For the writing component of her Magazine in 2012 and won a first-place studies, Karp spent a week at the My Land, My Garden, one of several American Jewish Press Association Antioch Writers’ Workshop. She Jewish-themed paintings Miriam Award for Writing About Women. also studied painting at the Dayton Karp created for her master’s The most difficult task in writing Art Institute. Her internal mendegree through Antioch University her memoir, she says, was finding a tor at Antioch was Rebecca Kuder, way to be truthful but not disparaging about certain M.F.A. chair for the university’s creative writing concentration. The fruit of Karp’s master’s program is people: for example, the rabbi of her childhood. “That took some thinking,” she reflects. “Your reada self-published memoir, Painting Zaidy’s Dream, and a series of acrylic paintings depicting Jewish rituals and ers will really trust you if you don’t have to resort to cheap shots.” scenes. Klatzkin calls Karp “constantly inspirShe hopes Painting Zaidy’s Dream, published in ing,” citing “the grace with which she August, will be a bridge — opening the Orthodox finds a path that integrates the very many world to outsiders and revealing to those already levels of her self.” Orthodox the challenges of being a baal teshuvah To paint, she had to conquer some (master of return), a person who chooses leftover insecurities. Her memoir describes to live an Orthodox Jewish life who how in a college painting class, her profeswasn’t raised Orthodox. sor “saw the photo clamped on my easel, Karp grew up Jewish in suburban the beginning sketch of Zaidy emerging… Detroit; her family attended religious ‘Oh, a nostalgic family picture. How nice.’” services in “a Humanistic liberal place Rabbi Shmuel “That stayed with me,” she says. She that met in rented schools.” Her memoir Klatzkin also struggled with how being an artist recounts her spiritual searching since could fit with tikun olam, the repair of the world. She childhood. credits Klatzkin with teaching her that art could be a The first chapter describes when she, her proper pursuit. “Finally I can say I’m an artist, and I husband, and eight of their children arrived write a bit.” at her mother’s Humanistic Jewish funeral. Karp’s group was in modest garb, yarmulMiriam Karp’s paintings and more about her book are kes, and black hats, and she had cut her available at blouse with a razor in keeping with tradi-

From the editor’s desk

A bit more than 90 years after Paramount Pictures released the first biblical film epic — Cecil B. DeMille’s silent The Ten Commandments — the studio will release Noah starring Russell Crowe on March 28. And director Ridley Scott is now in Marshall post-production on Exodus starring Weiss Christian Bale as Moses, set for release on Dec. 12. These Torah narratives have been brought to the screen multiple times. Warner Brothers released Noah’s Ark in 1928 as a partial talkie with a deep backstory, and director John Huston gave himself the role of Noah in his sprawling 1966 production The Bible. In 1956, DeMille returned with a Cold-War influenced Ten Commandments in which he squarely asked the audience, “are men the property of the state, or are they free souls under God?” A generation later, DreamWorks gave us the animated Prince of Egypt, with Miriam and Tzipporah taking on much stronger leadership roles than the source material suggests. Whether or not Noah and Exodus as adapted for this generation will resonate with moviegoers, they offer us an excellent jumping-off point to study the originals.

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A ReveAling FAmily DRAmA

Beth Abraham to honor Women of Valor May 7

Melinda Doner

Helene Gordon

Susie Katz

Editor and Publisher Marshall Weiss 937-853-0372 Contributors Rabbi Judy Chessin Dr. Rachel Zohar Dulin Michael Fox Rachel Haug Gilbert Martha Moody Jacobs Candace R. Kwiatek Mark Mietkiewicz Advertising Sales Executive Patty Caruso, Proofreaders Karen Bressler, Rachel Haug Gilbert, Joan Knoll, Pamela Schwartz Billing Jeffrey Hollowell, 937-853-0372

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March 27–April 13, 2014

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The Wyeth family’s Palm Springs Christmas reunion is already a tense affair between conservative parents Lyman and Polly, former GOP celebrities, their two grown children and Polly’s liberal alcoholic sister, Silda. Any sense of peace vanishes completely when daughter Brooke, a once promising novelist, announces she is about to publish a tell-all memoir that threatens to tarnish her prominent family’s past and reopen old wounds. As Brooke confesses her true motivations behind the book, she learns the real history is more shocking than she ever knew. $25 SeatS available at all PerformanceS Performed live at THE LOFT THEATRE in Downtown Dayton • 126 N. Main Street


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The Dayton Jewish Observer Policy Committee Joan Knoll, chair Chuck Kardon Marc Katz Larry Klaben Dr. Marc Sternberg Published by the Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton Dr. Gary Youra President Judy Abromowitz Officer David Pierce Officer Melinda Doner Officer Mary Rita Weissman Officer Cathy Gardner CEO

Carol Pavlofsky

Beth Abraham Synagogue will honor seven women for their efforts on behalf of the Jewish and general communities when it holds its fourth Women of Valor luncheon, on Wednesday, May 7 at 11:30 a.m. This year’s Women of Valor honorees are Melinda Doner, Helene Gordon, Susie Katz, Harriet Klass, Ellen Leffak, Gayle Moscowitz, and Patti Schear. Beth Abraham Synagogue will also recognize the contributions of the late Carol Pavlofsky to the community. Luncheon attendees are asked to bring individually-wrapped healthy snacks and 100-percentreal-juice boxes to be donated to Care House, the child advocacy center of Dayton Children’s Hospital. Chairs for this year’s Women of Valor program are Elaine Bettman and Randi Fuchsman. The luncheon, a fund-raiser for the Beth Abraham Synagogue Sisterhood, is open to the community. For reservations, call the synagogue at 293-9520 by April 28.

The Dayton Jewish Observer, Vol. 18, No. 8. The Dayton Jewish Observer is published monthly by the Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton, a nonprofit corporation, 525 Versailles Dr., Dayton, OH 45459.

Yom Hashoah Observance

• To provide announcements, news, opinions and analysis of local, national and international activities and issues affecting Jews and the Jewish community.

The Dayton Area Yom Hashoah Observance: A Day of Remembrance for the Victims of the Holocaust, will be held on Sunday, April 27 at 7 p.m. at Beth Jacob Congregation, 7020 N. Main St., Harrison Township. As part of the program, soldiers with the Israel Defense Forces will talk about their connections to the Holocaust. During the evening, the student winners of the annual Max May and Lydia May Memorial Holocaust Art and Writing Contest will be recognized. Works from the art contest will be on display beginning at 6 p.m. The observance is sponsored by the Yom Hashoah Committee, a project of the Jewish Federation’s Jewish Community Relations Council and the Holocaust Committee. Chairs for the observance are Beverly Farnbacher and Felix Weil. For more information, call Jodi Phares at the Jewish Federation, at 610-1555.

Views expressed by guest columnists, in readers’ letters and in reprinted opinion pieces do not necessarily reflect the opinion of The Dayton Jewish Observer, The Dayton Jewish Observer Policy Committee, the Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton or the underwriters of any columns. Acceptance of advertising neither endorses advertisers nor guarantees kashrut. The Dayton Jewish Observer Mission Statement To support, strengthen and champion the Dayton Jewish community by providing a forum and resource for Jewish community interests. Goals • To encourage affiliation, involvement and communication.

• To build community across institutional, organizational and denominational lines. • To advance causes important to the strength of our Jewish community including support of Federation departments, United Jewish Campaign, synagogue affiliation, Jewish education and participation in Jewish and general community affairs. • To provide an historic record of Dayton Jewish life.

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DAYTON JFS to start new bereavement group

Rabbi Bernard Barsky

Mary Ann Hemmert

Jewish Family Services Director Mary Ann Hemmert and Beth Abraham Synagogue Rabbi Emeritus Bernard Barsky will lead a bereavement group for JFS on six Wednesdays, from 3:30 to 4:30 p.m. beginning April 23 in the community room at Starbucks, 2424 Far Hills Ave. in Oakwood. To participate, call 610-1555.

Jewish Scouting conclave The National Jewish Committee on Scouting will hold its Central Region Conclave on Sunday, April 27 from 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. at Dayton’s Cricket Holler Scout Camp. The aim of the conclave is to improve Jewish Scouting programs and is open to Scouts with dens, packs, troops and crews that have Jewish Scouts, members of JCOS committees, potential new unit sponsors, and Scout professionals interested in increasing council membership. Registration is $36 and includes kosher breakfast and lunch. To register, call Conference Co-Chair Scott Segalewitz at 479-0135.

Yad Vashem fund-raiser

The American Society for Yad Vashem will host a dessert reception fund-raiser on Tuesday, April 8 at 7 p.m. at the home of Julie and Dr. Rob Bloom. Yad Vashem is Israel’s center for Holocaust documentation, research, education, and remembrance. The guest speaker will be S. Isaac Mekel, director of development for The American Society for Yad Vashem. The program will benefit Yad Vashem’s Garden Honoring the Righteous Among the Nations, which was damaged in December during the worst snowstorm Jerusalem has seen in decades. R.S.V.P. to Julie Bloom at 416-6711.

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Hadassah crisis opens divisions for hospital and women’s organization Ben Sales the hospital, the Israeli By Ben Sales, JTA JERUSALEM — The government and the Sarah Wetsman Davidson women’s organization. Hospital Tower stretches All the parties agree that 223 feet skyward, welthe hospital must change coming visitors in a the way it does business, bright, expansive lobby but they remain deeply strung with banners divided on the source of celebrating both the state the crisis, who is at fault of Israel and its premier and how best to move hospital, the Hadassah forward. Medical Organization. The government has Opened in late 2012 pointed to employee at a total cost of $363 salaries, which it says are million, the tower is the “significantly higher” Entrance hall of Hadassah’s new Davidson largest building project than typical pay at Israeli undertaken at Hadassah Hospital Tower. The tower has cutting-edge hospitals. The women’s facilities, but it opened during a time of financial in 50 years and a symbol crisis for the hospital organization blames of the hospital’s ambilong-term financial origins a long time ago,” said tions for the future. mismanagement, describAvigdor Kaplan, who became Now that future is in peril ing hospital administrators the hospital’s director-general as the hospital, saddled with as children who expect that nearly $370 million in debt and last year. “Now it’s gotten to a someone will always be there to an annual deficit exceeding $85 point where it can’t go on.” bail them out. Hospital officials Founded in 1939, Hadassah million, struggles to chart a blame government regulations is widely regarded as one of course back to solvency. that they say penalize them for Israel’s finest health care facili- providing the country’s best In February, Hadassah hospital declared bankruptcy after ties, pushing the boundaries of care. medical research while providtwo large Israeli banks cut off Diagnosing the problem ing first-rate treatment not only will be critical to the hospital’s its credit lines. The Jerusalem District Court gave the hospital for Israelis, but often for parecovery, but no explanation a 90-day stay of protection from tients from around the Middle has been complete. Soon after a creditors, after which the medi- East, including citizens of coun- Feb. 11 Knesset committee hearcal organization will be restruc- tries technically in a state of war ing on the crisis, the health and with the Jewish state. tured or liquidated. finance ministries appointed The institution, which emBoth the Israeli government a joint panel to investigate. and the Hadassah Women’s Zi- ploys 6,000 people and doubles Recommendations are expected as the main teaching hospital onist Organization of America, to be released by the end of for the Hebrew University which built the hospital and March. partially fund it, have agreed to medical school, is a symbol of In Kaplan’s view, the hospiboth the best in Israeli medicine tal’s problems stem from a bad provide $14 million in emerand the American Jewish contri- deal the hospital was pressured gency funding to help weather bution to building the state. the crisis. Amid the financial into reaching with Israel’s But with the budgetary woes government-funded health tumult, the hospital staff went impossible to ignore any lonon strike for two weeks. insurance companies. ger, rifts have opened among “This is a crisis that had its Israeli hospitals typically give volume discounts to the companies in an effort to attract more business, but Hadassah’s appear to be larger than the average. In 2013, the hospital gave the insurance companies an average discount of 26 percent. A 2010 government report found that the nationwide average that year was 18 percent. According to Kaplan, the arrangement effectively penalizes Hadassah for performing more complex and expensive procedures. As a private hospital, KaJOHN CLOUGH JIM JACOBSON JOE MATTERA ESTATE PLANNING ESTATE PLANNING ELDER LAW plan said Hadassah also covers The Estate Planning Team at Pickrel, Schaeffer & Ebeling employee pensions and malpractice insurance that at public hospitals are paid for by the 937.223.1130 | government. Serving Dayton, Serving You. “The government didn’t take care of us as it should have,” Happy Passover! Continued on Page 35

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Nobel laureate candidate for Israel’s presidency has ties to Dayton area Dr. Dan Shechtman, who won the Nobel Prize for chemistry in 2011 and recently announced his campaign for president of Israel, lived in the Dayton area for three years in the 1970s when he worked at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base. In a November 2011 article in The Dayton Jewish Observer, Allan Katz recalled that Shechtman, 73 — a professor of materials science at the Technion-Israel Institute of Technology in Haifa — was a National Research Council Fellow in a research laboratory at WrightPatt. “He and his family were in Dayton for three years, until he assumed a faculty position at the Technion in 1975,” Katz said. Shechtman returned to Dayton during the summers of 1976 to 1981 to continue his research on high temperature, advanced metallic materials, Katz said. “At Wright-Patt, he worked for the same research group leader who hired me into the lab in late 1977,” Katz added. “I first met Danny in summer 1978 and have maintained a professional and personal relationship with him and his family ever since.”

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Israeli Nobel Laureate in Chemistry Dan Shechtman lived in Dayton in the ‘70s

Katz said Shechtman’s wife, Zippi, a professor of education with the University of Haifa,

taught at Hillel Academy during their time in Dayton. “Danny told us that his family was ‘adopted by the Beth Abraham community,’” Katz said. Shechtman received the Nobel for his discovery of quasicrystals, mosaics of atoms that form regular patterns that never repeat themselves. In order to run for president, Shechtman needs to win support from at least 10 members of the Israeli Knesset. The Israeli presidency is a largely ceremonial post currently held by Shimon Peres. If Shechtman wins, he would be the first non-politician to win the post since biophysicist Ephraim Katzir in 1973.

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Is your son or daughter graduating from high school this year? The Observer is happy to offer you a FREE announcement, including a photo, in our June graduation issue. To receive a form for this free announcement, contact Karen Steiger at 853-0372 or All forms must be received by May 2 to be included in our graduation issue. THE DAYTON JEWISH OBSERVER • APRIL 2014



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Can an Israeli-Palestinian business coalition push PM to make deal? By Ben Sales, JTA TEL AVIV — Two years ago, Israeli supermarket mogul Rami Levy invited Palestinian gas and oil magnate Munib al-Masri to one of his grocery stores. A working-class boy who had become the West Bank’s wealthiest man, al-Masri already had turned his attention to a new challenge: encouraging a two-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. But the partnership was not to be. Levy, the owner of the supermarket chain Rami Levy Hashikma Marketing, has three stores in Israeli West Bank settlements, and al-Masri decided he could not work with him in good faith. In Levy’s eyes, the West Bank franchises advance peace by employing Palestinians and fostering coexistence. Al-Masri, however, saw them as an impediment to the partnership. Now the pair find themselves together anyway as part of a larger initiative of 300 Israeli and Palestinian businesspeople hoping to nudge their respective leaderships toward a peace agreement. Levy and al-Masri say they can coexist within the larger

In particular, they say a deal group, known as Breaking the would be key to curbing the Impasse, or BTI, despite the boycott, divestment and sancsignificant ideological gaps tions movement, or BDS, that between them. seeks to punish Israel economi“The big picture is me cally for its treatment of the convincing them that they Palestinians. shouldn’t be there,” al-Masri “A lot of companies and told JTA, referring to Israel’s states and academics want to presence in the settlements. invest, buy products and do “I will always talk to them joint academic research” with because if they agree with me, Israel, said Moshe Lichtman, we’ll work together. This is a former president of Microsoft win-win.” Israel’s research BTI was and developfounded at the The differences World Economic between Levy and ment center. “If we have an Forum in 2012, opportunity (for but launched its al-Masri point to peace) and we public campaign the gaps even miss it, it will only recently. between Israelis have economic So far, BTI has and business and Palestinians engaged in a mix of public who agree on the implications.” In February, advocacy and BTI ran a series quiet diplomacy, need for a twoof billboards holding off-the- state solution. featuring a record meetings large picture of with Israeli and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Palestinian ministers and placNetanyahu and slogans such ing large billboards in Israeli as “Only with an agreement population centers touting the can we secure a Jewish and benefits of a peace deal. Participants say their interest democratic state,” or “Without a peace agreement we won’t in the initiative isn’t strictly be able to lower the cost of liveconomic, though a peace ing.” Each statement concluded agreement surely would bring substantial benefits to the busi- with a message to Netanyahu: “Bibi, only you can do it!” ness community.

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THE WORLD Breaking the Impasse

Happy Passover

think he’s skeptical. A parallel efThere’s a lot of justififort is underway to cation to be skeptical, exert pressure on but I think he’s ripe Palestinian Authority to make these deciPresident Mahmoud sions.” Abbas, but the Israeli Promoting Israeliand Palestinian memPalestinian economic bers of BTI are opercooperation has long ating independently been seen in some Flourless Chocolate Cake in their respective quarters as essential spheres and the NeIngredients to buttressing a peace tanyahu billboards 1/2 cup water deal. were arranged solely 1/4 teaspoon salt But Bar-Ilan Uniby the Israeli side. 3/4 cup white sugar versity political studBTI members 18 (1 ounce) squares ies professor Shmuel say that while they bittersweet chocolate Sandler says that if support a peace A billboard placed by the business group Breaking the 1 cup unsalted butter agreement that leads Impasse urging Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu Netanyahu does push 6 eggs to reach a peace accord with the Palestinians through to an agreeto two states, they ment, it won’t be won’t delve into the Preheat oven to 300 degrees F (150 degrees C). Grease one 10 inch round because of business interests. “We are not politicians,” thorny details of major issues cake pan and set aside. In a small saucepan over medium heat combine A former finance minister, Levy told JTA, echoing sevsuch as Palestinian refugees, the water, salt and sugar. Stir until completely dissolved and set aside. Netanyahu is aware of the eral other BTI members. “We the future of Jerusalem or final Either in the top half of a double boiler or in a microwave oven melt the potential economic benefits of don’t make the decisions. In borders. Such questions, they bittersweet chocolate. Pour the chocolate into the bowl of an electric peace, Sandler says, but secumixer. a democratic state, the majorsay, should be left to the negoCut the butter into pieces and beat the butter into the chocolate, rity concerns remain his top ity decides. No one can come tiators. 1 piece at a time. Beat in the hot sugar-water. Slowly beat in the eggs, priority. and dictate if the majority says Sticking to broad slogans one at a time. “Up until now, businesssomething else.” allows BTI to paper over subPour the batter into the prepared pan. Have a pan larger than the cake men haven’t had influence,” Even before the latest round stantial differences among its pan ready, put the cake pan in the larger pan and fill the pan with boiling Sandler said. “Security officials of negotiations began last July, participants, but it also could water halfway up the sides of the cake pan. are more influential. For Bibi, skepticism abounded among present obstacles for the group Bake cake in the water bath at 300 degrees F (150 degrees C) for 45 the economy is important, but both Israelis and Palestinians should the particulars of an minutes. The center will still look wet. Chill cake overnight in the pan on the balance security is more about the chances for a peace agreement come to light. To unmold, dip the bottom of the cake pan in hot water for 10 seconds important.” agreement. The American U.S. Secretary of State John and invert onto a serving plate. Levy thinks Netanyahu will negotiating team appears to Kerry is slated to propose a rise to the occasion. But if he framework for an agreement in be struggling to bridge gaps doesn’t, Levy says BTI should between the sides on several the coming weeks. keep advancing the same mesmajor issues, but BTI par“We know there are dis590 Isaac Prugh Way, Kettering sage. ticipants say the talks may be agreements left and right,” 937-298-0594 “When we talk about neIsrael’s last good opportunity said Michal Stopper-Vax, BTI’s gotiations, I’m always optiCEO. “But if the prime minister to end the conflict. mistic,” he said. “Sometimes “Netanyahu has had a signs an agreement, the majorI hear people say this is the certain change of thought, that ity of the group will be behind 694 Isaac Prugh Way, Kettering last chance for peace. You can this is a historic decision,” said it.” 937-297-4300 Lichtman, the former Microsoft never say this is the last chance The differences between for peace. You need to try your executive. “He needs to feel Levy and al-Masri point to the whole life.” gaps even between Israelis and that he has broad support. I Palestinians who agree on the need for a two-state solution. Al-Masri talks about a Palestinian state in the 1967 borders, while Levy wants to keep all of Jerusalem under Israeli sovereignty. Al-Masri wants to offer each Palestinian refugee Israeli citizenship, a non-starter for most Israelis. 135 Ascent Circle Oakwood 151 Pointe Oakwood Way And while Levy believes New construction by R.A.Rhoads Homes New construction by R.A.Rhoads Homes Palestinians aren’t fully pre$593,000 MLS#554105 $559,000 MLS#562997 pared for a final deal, al-Masri believes Israel is “morally responsible” for the conflict. Both men say that if their respective leaders sign an agreement, and both Israelis and Palestinians approve it in referenda, they won’t object. Peggy McCarley But the differences between 937-416-0511 them may make for a tenuous 146 Pointe Oakwood Way 170 Pointe Oakwood Way alliance. In February, some BTI New construction by Peebles Homes New construction by Peebles Homes members took out a full-page $409,000 MLS#574934 $429,000 MLS#574936 ad in the Israeli daily Yediot Aharonot touting the group’s message, but Levy chose not to sign on because it didn’t sufAre you reading this? So is the entire Jewish community. ficiently address Israeli security Contact Patty Caruso at to advertise in The Observer. concerns.

Enjoy this recipe




In Israel’s abortion debate, pro-choice seems the only choice By Ben Sales, JTA JERUSALEM — A billboard in central Tel Aviv features a black-and-white photo of a distressed woman above a caption in bold red letters that reads, “The pain and remorse from my abortion accompany me every day.” The billboard is an advertisement for Efrat, an antiabortion outfit that dubs itself “The Committee to Rescue Israel’s Babies” and offers financial support to pregnant women in an effort to persuade them not to terminate their pregnancies. Efrat has never protested Eli Schussheim, president of the anti-abortion group Efrat, describes outside a gynecological clinic, himself as pro-choice. nor has it sought to restrict demonstrate to a three-person laws don’t educate.” Israel’s fairly liberal abortion committee that having the From the Western Wall to laws. baby will cause her emotional the West Bank, religious issues In January, the organization or physical harm, or that the dominate Israel’s political supported a proposal to allow pregnancy is a result of rape or discourse. Orthodox parwomen to undergo abortions incest, more than 99 percent of ties make up a quarter of the without first appearing before requests are approved. Knesset and have sat in nearly a state committee, as the law Since Israel legalized aborevery governing coalition since currently requires. tions in 1977 — just four years the state’s founding, using Efrat’s president, Eli after the U.S. Supreme Court’s their political might to push Schussheim, describes himself Roe v. Wade decision galvafor widely despised privileges as pro-choice, a position he nized conservative Christian that benefit Israel’s religious adopts more from pragmatism opposition to abortion in the minority. rather than principle. United States — there has been But while religion looms “If I tell a woman she has no large in Israel, its abortion laws no significant movement to right to abort, she’ll tell me to outlaw abortion. are, in practice, among the get out of here,” Schussheim In January, the Knesset world’s most liberal. Though told JTA. “I said I’ll be propassed a law allowing govany woman who wants to choice. It’s important to give ernment funding for nearly terminate a pregnancy must counseling to women. I think

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So Efrat has mobilized a naall abortions, some 40,000 of which are performed each year tional network of 3,000 women volunteers who provide in the Jewish state. counseling during the pregExperts say Israel’s secular foundations, along with Jewish nancy and, for those who need it, material support for the law’s relative ambiguity on baby’s first two years — anyabortion, have kept religious thing from a crib and stroller to political parties mostly silent monthly packages of diapers on the issue and led groups and wipes. like Efrat to focus on preventEfrat’s chief social worker, ing abortions rather than Ruth Tidhar, says the organioutlawing them. zation supports eliminating Aliza Lavie, a lawmaker abortion committees for simiwho proposed abolishing larly practical reasons. Tidhar abortion committees at a recent Knesset conference, said believes they don’t adequately inform women of the risks of Israelis are pro-choice because abortion. they understand women don’t Instead, she would like approach abortion flippantly. doctors to provide informa“I think there’s an undertion about the medical risks standing here that we love and a required 72-hour waitchildren in Israel,” Lavie told ing period to enable women to JTA. “When a woman already consider the information. gets to that point (of want“It’s supposed to be a stoping an abortion), she has just gap (to say), ‘Think about this, reasons. Israeli culture is very it’s a serious decision, it’s going pro-kids.” to influence the rest of your Traditional Jewish law doesn’t regard life as beginning life,’ ” Tidhar said. “I don’t believe that any woman goes at conception, and even mandates abortion if a mother’s life to have an abortion without some degree of is in danger, so ambivalence and opposing aborWhile religion bad feelings.” tion isn’t as high In supportlooms large a priority for ing the abolition Israeli religious in Israel, its of the commitactivists as it is tees, Efrat has for some of their abortion laws common American counare, in practice, made cause with the terparts. Israeli feminist Haredi Ortho- among the organization Isha dox parties in the L’Isha, which oppast have tried to world’s most poses the panels outlaw late-term liberal. on principle as abortions, but an impediment the bills failed to a woman’s right to choose. early and no religious party Isha L’Isha also would like to has made abortion a signature see women receive more inforissue. “In the world of the Catholic mation about the procedure, as well as medical advice. Church, an abortion is thought According to New Family, an of as murder even in the early Israeli organization that fights stages of pregnancy, but in religious coercion in marriage, Judaism it’s not so clear,” said divorce and child care, half of Orthodox Rabbi Benny Lau, Israel’s 40,000 annual abortions who attended the Knesset take place illegally, as women conference. Absent a powerful anti-abor- prefer to bypass the committees. Abolishing the committion movement, Israel’s abortion debate centers on technical tees, Lavie said, would remove the incentive to undergo an policy questions such as who illegal abortion. should say what to women “Only the woman can say seeking abortion or which what’s best for her,” said Ronit abortions should be funded by Piso, Isha L’Isha’s women and the state. medical technology coordinaSkeptical that it could ever tor. “Only she can make the get abortion outlawed, Efrat judgement if it’s economic or has focused instead on removanything else. We do think ing incentives for women to it’s important that women get abort. advice and counseling on the According to Schussheim, medical implications and coun60 percent of Israeli abortions seling on the process itself.” stem from financial concerns. THE DAYTON JEWISH OBSERVER • APRIL 2014


Post-army travelers or Dead Sea scammers? Congress & State Dept. at odds over Israeli visas By Ron Kampeas, JTA WASHINGTON — The battle between members of Congress and the State Department over tourist visas for Israelis features two competing archetypes of the young Israeli traveler. The lawmakers paint a picture of a world traveler, matured by service to country, who deserves a break from the stresses of the Middle East. U.S. consular officials, meanwhile, have warned of lawbreakers hawking dubious Dead Sea beauty products in malls and at rest stops. The debate surfaced publicly with a March 6 letter from Sen. Chuck Schumer (D-N.Y.) to Secretary of State John Kerry and James Ragsdale, the acting director of U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement. In his letter, Schumer expressed concern about a recent spike in the proportion of Israelis being denied visas to visit the United States.

Prior to Schumer sending his letter, the American Israel Public Affairs Committee had been raising the issue of visa denials on Capitol Hill. “We are concerned about the issues that have been raised about the treatment of visas, and we will be working with the administration and Congress to address them,” Marshall Wittmann, AIPAC’s spokesman, told JTA. In addition, AIPAC has been backing a broader legislative effort to get Israel into the U.S. visa waiver program, which allows travelers from designated countries to visit the United States without a visa. One of the principal obstacles to joining the visa waiver program has been Israel’s inability to consistently score below 3 percent on the visa refusals rate, a requirement for countries seeking to join the program. An AIPAC-backed bill on enhancing the Israel-U.S. relationship that was introduced

a year ago is stalled in the ers. Senate in part because it would “After receiving inquiries waive the 3 percent requirefrom several constituents, my ment. The corresponding bill in staff contacted your legislative the House would not waive the affairs staff and learned that requirement and Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images our consulates passed overapparently have a whelmingly in policy to preMarch. sumptively deny For years, all tourist visa Israel had hovapplications for ered around the young Israeli na6 percent mark; tionals who wish in 2012, its rate to visit the United of refusal was at States during the 5.4 percent. In period in between 2013, it rose to 9.7 the completion percent. of their military Israel was not service and the the only country resumption of Sen. Charles Schumer (D-N.Y.) their univerto see such a at the American Israel Public spike — Hunsity education,” Affairs Committee’s Policy gary soared from Conference on March 3 in Schumer wrote. 17 percent to “When my Washington, D.C. 31.6 percent and staff asked your South Korea shot up from 13 staff why this arbitrary policy percent to 18.1 percent — but toward Israel was in place, we Schumer in his letter blamed were informed that the State State Department preconcepDepartment is concerned that tions about young Israeli travel- these young Israeli nationals

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were going to violate the terms of their visas by, for example, selling Dead Sea cosmetics at shopping malls across the United States.” U.S. officials say consular officials are simply abiding by the law, which mandates that applicants for tourist visas are presumed to be potential violators of visa terms until they can prove otherwise. “When any individual makes a U.S. visa application anywhere in the world, a consular officer reviews the facts of the case and makes a determination of eligibility based on U.S. law,” Pooja Jhunjhunwala, a State Department official, told The Hill newspaper on March 12. The State Department did not reply to multiple JTA requests for comment. Kerry, asked about the issue at a March 13 hearing of the U.S. House of Representatives’ Foreign Affairs Committee, denied there was a policy to keep Continued on Page 13

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Montgomery County Commissioner . . . Debbie Lieberman

‘Scrapbook’ connects worshipers to prayer Temple creates siddur rooted in memories

Wishing you and your family a very Happy Passover Committee to Re-elect Debbie Lieberman, Marty Moore, Treasurer, 3630 Berrywood Drive, Dayton, OH 45424.

Hillel Academy of Dayton Fundraising Reception

Tuesday, May 6 5:45-7:30 p.m. CADC Art Gallery 45 S. St. Clair St. Dayton

Film Director & Author Barry Avrich

Featuring Film Director & Author Barry Avrich speaking about Madmen, Monsters and Moguls: Fascinating Stories from Hollywood and the Entertainment Industry. Food, drink, and Dayton Jewish International Film Fest ticket included. For tickets and information, call 277-8966.

Are you reading this? So is the entire Jewish community. Contact Patty Caruso at to advertise in The Observer. PAGE 12

Johanna Ginsberg

that was meaningful to congregants had to do with life moments, both individually and as a comBy Johanna munity, and how Ginsberg people connected New Jersey to prayers through Jewish News their memories. Sometimes, to find Going into the an answer, you have house meetings, to ask the right quesAdler said, “I had no tion. idea we were going At White Meadow to do a siddur. We Temple in Rockadidn’t come with way, asking the any preconceived right question led notions.” to the synagogue’s Congregants creation of its own started bringing in in-house, custom personal memorasiddur — and not bilia and photos, just a prayer book, documents and but a scrapbook connecting prayers and Showing off their new scrapbook siddur are White Meadow benchers, letters Temple members and clergy (L to R) Stu Lefkowitz, Rabbi from previous rabmemories. Benjamin Adler, cantorial and rabbinical student Hillary bis, even kipot from Attendance at Friday night services Chorny, Jeff Stellman, congregation president Jules Resnick family events which another congregant was dwindling at photographed. The synagogue the Conservative synagogue in out a piece of paper. It was XeRockaway when Rabbi Benjaroxed from the old shiva books. received a $4,000 grant from min Adler sought fresh ideas. She said she found tremendous the Ohio-based David and Inez Myers Foundation to create “It was frustrating that peocomfort from this prayer after what they believe is the first ple were discontented with the her husband had died. She siddur documenting the interservice,” he said, but when he started to tear up. It was very section of prayer and commuand other congregation leaders powerful.” nity memory. asked what to do, “we only got Others recalled travelling Tailored to the synagogue’s stale responses, like ‘make it to a rally for Soviet Jewry in customs, it should entail no shorter’ or ‘use more English.’” the 1980s. “They recalled bepage-skipping. When the idea of experimental ing on the bus on I-95, seeing Each spread includes the services was suggested, the other buses all converging. Hebrew prayer with its transcommunity balked. They were praying on the bus, literation and translation, as Then, Adler and student and they saw that people on well as images of memorabilia cantor Hillary Chorny had an the other buses were praying. epiphany: They were asking the Here they were, on their way to relating to the prayer on that page. For L’cha Dodi, which wrong question. do this mitzvah to free Soviet Using a community orgaJews, and they had this power- refers to the Sabbath Bride, for example, there’s a photo of nizing model, they changed ful moment of praying.” kipot from a community wedtheir question to “What’s your Clergy and lay prayer story?” and created leaders realized that ding. For Psalm 92, a favorite of the temple’s former religious informal “house meetings” prayer leader, Rabbi Jacob Weitman, where the question could be there’s an excerpt from the put to congregants. farewell letter he wrote to “People started really the congregation opening talking about their best and with the words of that psalm. worst memories of prayer,” Stu Lefkowitz of White Chorny recalled. Meadow Lake, a committee The number one commember and past congregaplaint, it turned out, was tion president, acknowledged the siddur, the 1985 edition that services with the new of the movement’s Sim siddur may not directly engage Shalom prayer book. everyone. Still, he said, “Even “It was too heavy, too if people are bored with the hard to read, and there was service, combing through the too much flipping around,” siddur will make them a part said Chorny. “Congregants of it.” kept saying they don’t conThe group worked on the nect to the prayers.” siddur since June 2012, and On the other hand, she printed 125 copies for the first said, “People also started Shabbat service with the sidtelling stories we had never Images from the new siddur include heard. An older woman pulled photos and congregants’ memorabilia dur, held in February. THE DAYTON JEWISH OBSERVER • APRIL 2014

Israeli visas

Continued from Page 11 out the young Israelis. “Last year over 100,000 visas of all ages were issued, 20,000 were issued to Israelis aged 21 to 30 in each of the last fiscal years,” Kerry said, replying to a query from Rep. Ted Deutch (D-Fla.). “Issuance rate is about 83 percent, which is not different from other folks in other places.” Rep. Grace Meng (D-N.Y.) told JTA in an interview that those numbers were not representative. Kerry was referring to overall visitor visas for Israelis ages 21-30, said Meng, who wants more narrow data assessing how many Israelis between 21 and 27 were specifically denied tourist visas. “The fact that something like this could be happening warrants further investigation,” she said. In addition to Deutch, Meng and Schumer, lawmakers pressing the administration to ease up on denials include Reps. Brad Schneider (D-Ill.), Anna Eshoo (D-Calif.) and Eliot Engel (D-N.Y.), the top Democrat on the Foreign Affairs Committee, and Sens. Dianne Feinstein (D-Calif.) and Lindsey Graham (R-S.C.). In a letter Meng sent to Kerry on March 17 asking for more detailed information, she wrote that many of the young Israeli applicants between military service and university studies deserve the break they are seeking through an American vacation. “Such traveling is a time-honored and venerable tradition in Israel,” she said. “This is the Israeli way of saying ‘Thank you for your service.’ While Israeli society asks its young adults to fight in the world’s most dangerous places, it also affords them the opportunity to heal from the wounds of war and become citizens of the world.” Schumer said the policy was denying the United States tourist dollars. “Let’s punish the wrongdoers instead of making it impossible for young Israelis to come see our beautiful sites, eat in our restaurants, stay in our hotels, and support all the jobs related to those activities,” he said in a statement. “It makes no sense to deny tourist visas to all young Israelis simply because of the actions of a few.” American diplomats and consular officials have markedly different views of the typical young Israeli traveler. A lengthy 2010 cable from the U.S. Embassy in Tel Aviv that was released by WikiLeaks said it was “culturally acceptable for post-army Israelis to work illegally in the United States; key parts of the Dead Sea industry have been able to base a large part of their business models upon the employment of illegal workers.” The phenomenon has become the main focus of the embassy’s fraud detection unit, the cable says, adding that officials suspect the numbers of Israelis illegally peddling the products in the United States are in the thousands. The cable describes reports of organized crime ties to the industry, saying that some of those working illegally have reported abuse, threats and extortion while on the job in the United States. Some of the products, the cable alleges, are not from the Dead Sea at all but likely originate in China or Central America. The cable writer acknowledges that the breadth of the problem is inhibiting legitimate travel by postarmy Israelis as well as Israel’s quest to join the visa waiver program. “Aside from the criminal aspects of this fraud, a key implication is the increased visa revocation/refusal and denial of entry rates for post-army Israelis, which among other things, complicate Israel’s high-profile desire to join the Visa Waiver Program,” the cable said. The embassy runs PR campaigns discouraging Israelis from misusing tourist visas to work illegally. A video on its website titled “The Price is Too High” and posted in 2011 outlines consequences for traveling under false pretenses, including being banned from the United States from between five years to life.


Haredim should start with ‘thank you’ Miriam Alster/Flash90

By David Suissa Put yourself in the shoes of an Israeli mother whose son was killed while serving in the Israel Defense Forces. On television, you watch close to half a million ultra-Orthodox Jews demonstrate in Jerusalem March 2 against a bill that would force some of them to serve in the IDF, which is mandatory in Israel. The haredi demonstrators want their special exemption from army service to continue, because they believe that studying Torah is more important. If you’re that mother who suffered a tragic loss, how does watching that demonstration make you feel about Torah study? Would you want to ask: Why should my boy die defending his country while other boys are safe and protected because they study Torah? Hundreds of thousands of haredi Jews attend a massive protest in In other words, why should studying Jerusalem on March 2 against a proposed plan to introduce compulsory Torah be a pretext to avoid fulfilling one’s military service to the haredi community obligation to the state? enforcement clause of the law (jail time for lawbreakIt’s a legitimate question, and any of my haredi ers) is undermined by their many public statements friends who pretend otherwise are living in denial. against the very idea of serving in the IDF and in favor Whenever haredim tell me that studying Torah provides a sort of “spiritual protection” for the state, here’s of the supremacy of Torah study. Their other argument, that there already are wonderhow I reply (only half in jest): “OK, you give the state ful exceptions — haredim who are serving in the IDF spiritual protection, and in return the state will give and others who would like to — is undermined by the you spiritual dollars.” very fact that these are exceptions. They hate when I say that, because they know that Yes, the new bill may be lame and heavy-handed, spiritual dollars won’t pay their rent or buy groceries but that’s also no excuse. Bill or no bill, the bottom line for Shabbat. Somehow, when it comes to money, haredim become is that when you have half a million religious Jews demonstrating against fulfilling a vital civil obligation, very secular. To protect the millions they get from you have a big chillul Hashem — desecration of the the state, they lose all vestige of insularity. In Knesset name of God — on your hands. committees and other secular venues, they will gladly Haredi leaders who urged their masses of followsit next to women in miniskirts and play bare-knuckle ers to hit the streets should have known better. They politics if it means more money for their yeshivas. They’re no fools. They know the value of hard, cold, should have known that any time you have a public gathering of religious Jews, chillul Hashem and kiddush secular cash. Hashem — sanctification of God’s name — hang in the Well, the average Israeli is no fool, either. Israelis balance. know well the value of serving in the IDF and deDo something noble and you honor God’s name. Do fending the state. Just as “spiritual dollars” can’t buy something distasteful and you dishonor His name. groceries, they know that a book of Talmud can’t kill a For the great majority of Israelis, the terrorist. It’s not enough to point out that, at Learning Torah notion of refusing to share in the burof defending the country is not just the creation of the state of Israel, Prime and defending den distasteful, it’s unjust. Minister David Ben-Gurion himself This obligation to defend the country decided to exempt a few hundred hare- the country are is not an attack on the Torah — just the dim from serving in the army. When opposite. Learning Torah and defending something is wrong or unjust, it doesn’t not mutually the country are not mutually exclusive. matter who started it. exclusive. Combining both is a living example of What matters is that it gets fixed. kiddush Hashem. Ironically, the “fix” that haredim Think about it: If learning Torah all day leads to inwere demonstrating against is as hard-nosed as a wet tolerance, insularity and a disconnection from your felnoodle. The new Knesset law grants tens of thousands of haredim an exemption from service immediately (all low Jews, how is that honoring the Torah? And if learnthose 22 and older) and, in the future, many thousands ing Torah leads to animosity toward Israel, a refusal to fulfill civil obligations and an absence of gratitude, how more. Future quotas of how many must serve are so is that honoring the Torah? small that they’ve become the object of ridicule. The 500,000 haredim who demonstrated in Jerusalem “Even the haredim are laughing,” Meretz MK Ilan had an opportunity to create a big kiddush Hashem — Gilon wrote on Facebook. “It’s no coincidence that and they missed it. Instead of proudly holding up signs hundreds of thousands took to the street to pray. that said, “We will not take part in the Zionist army,” They’re expressing thanks, because this is what they they should have held up signs that expressed the Jewhoped for. This bill will allow a mass of (enlistment) ish value of gratitude: “Thank you IDF for protecting exemptions in the next decade and surely will not us.” increase the percentage of haredim in the IDF.” It’s the least they could have done for all those Israeli The haredi argument that they’re protesting only the mothers who lost sons in that Zionist army — sons who fought to protect all Israelis, even those without What do you think? enough Torah wisdom to say thank you. Send your letters (300 words max., thanks) to The Dayton Jewish Observer, 525 Versailles Drive David Suissa is president of the Jewish Journal of Los Dayton, OH 45459 • Angeles.



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29 Aftermath



















6 Quality Balls: The David Steinberg Story 80 min 7:20PM; 7:40PM











12 The Prime Ministers:


The Pioneers 115 min 7:15PM N
























Dayton • Centerville Cincinnati • Florence, KY








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Esther Broner: A Weave of Women 62 min Coffee @ 9:30AM 10AM N This film is in memory of Film Fest Committee member Kathy Ellison.

The Zig Zag Kid 95 min 7PM LAT









Making HOM R





Süskind 118 min 7:15PM N













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Barry Avrich, Director of Quality Balls: The David Steinberg Story, has worn the hats of marketing executive, film producer and arts philanthropist.


130 East 5th St., Dayton


Bethlehem 100 min 7:15PM N

Discussion after film with Lindsay Meck. FILM PARTNER: HADASSAH

The Neon



When Day Breaks 90 min 7PM LAT








Quality Balls director Barry Avrich will hold a Q&A for each showing after the film. FILM PARTNER: HILLEL ACADEMY OF GREATER DAY TON S


Martin Gottlieb holds a degree in journalism from Northern Illinois University, DeKalb. He is a retired writer for the Dayton Daily News and winner of two awards from the Ohio Society of Professional Journalists.

Historical perspective provided after the film by Martin Gottlieb. U




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White Panther 88 min. 7:15PM N

















CLOSING NIGHT The Third Half 112 min. 7:15PM N

FILM SPONSOR: JAMES FREE JEWELERS Lindsay Meck serves as the vice president of production & business affairs at The Araca Group, a Broadway production company based in New York City, where she supports the creative development and business strategy for new shows. Like her mother, Kathy Ellison, a former Film Fest committee member, Lindsay is an avid film buff and a fan of progressive work.


Discussion after the film with Alan Gabel. Alan Gabel, a noted defense attorney in Dayton, recently spent three years in Macedonia working on a U.S. Department of Justice program. Alan will share his connections to the film.


The Little Art Theatre 247 Xenia Ave, Yellow Springs




Precocious Bar Mitzvah boy propels zigzagging family flick Menemsha Films

By Michael Fox Special To The Observer An unabashed crowdpleaser in a DayGlo package, The Zig Zag Kid transports young-at-heart viewers on a magic carpet of charming hi-jinks and manic energy. Belgian director Vincent Bal has transposed vaunted Israeli novelist David Grossman’s beloved 1994 coming-of-age adventure fantasy from the Promised Thomas Simon (L) & Burghart Klaussner in The Zig Zag Kid Land to a candy-cane Europe. The result is a confection of a film that dispenses laughs and France and back. life lessons en route to a poignant moral The Zig Zag Kid is tons of fun as it sets about the blood ties that bind. its inspired plot in motion, while Nono A family film that will most certainly is a splendid protagonist who never appeal to children, The Zig Zag Kid is fu- devolves from endearing to tiresome. eled by primal adolescent urges. Not the It helps that he’s aware he’s not comones you’re thinking of, but the pressing pletely self-sufficient, for that dollop of need to comprehend the past, navigate humility tempers his precociousness. the present and manipulate the future. In fact, Nono relishes the maternal The Zig Zag Kid opens the JCC Film attention and affection of his father’s Fest on April 24. (ahem) live-in secretary, Gaby. The boy The opening credits immediately set never knew his mother, who died when the tone in smile-inducing style, emhe was an infant, and he’d be very ploying split-screens, a full-spectrum happy if the current domestic arrangepalette and a pop score to evoke the spy ment continued ad infinitum. Or, better movies (and parodies) of the 1960s and yet, was sealed with marriage vows if ‘70s. his father could muster the As his 13th birthday moxie to propose. approaches, cute-as-a-bug But I’m getting behind the Nono is starting to figure out story. No matter. Suffice it to he can’t abide the rules and say that Nono crosses paths conventions that most people with the 60-something Felix passively accept. He’s not a Glick, who quickly presents rebel — he admires his detechimself as an alternate role tive father to the extent that model with his blend of he mimics Dad’s deductive resourcefulness and suaveskills and wants to follow in ness. his gumshoes — so much as At a certain point, espea creative thinker and fearcially for those adults who less experimenter. have sussed out the relaThe title comes from Nono’s iconotionships between the characters before clasm, as well as the gold pin in the Nono does, the pieces start to click into shape of a Z that the world’s greatest place, dissipating the film’s aura of clevthief, Felix Glick, leaves behind as his erness. Everyone likes a happy ending, signature. sure — although be advised a tragedy is But I’m getting ahead of the story. revealed en route — but The Zig Zag Kid After one of Nono’s bright ideas accitrumpets an allegiance to the primacy of dentally sends a cousin’s Bar Mitzvah the two-parent family that is downright reception up in smoke, our erstwhile Spielbergian. hero is dispatched to boring Uncle Oddly, I discerned no particular Shmuel as punishment. But Dad’s plan insights into the lives, past or presis derailed within moments of Nono ent, of European Jews. In the process boarding the train, launching the lad on of relocating the story from Israel to a mission that takes him to the south of the Continent, Vincent Bal appears to have focused on preserving the novel’s themes and skipped the opportunity to The JCC Film Festival opens on Thursday, allude to 20th-century history or current April 24 with the screening of The Zig events. Zag Kid at 7:30 p.m. at the Neon Movies, One consequence is that The Zig Zag 130 E. 5th St., Dayton, beginning with a Kid could be anybody, and not necessarreception at 6:45 p.m. The movie will also ily a fully assimilated Jewish boy whose be screened on Tuesday, May 13 at 7 p.m. preparatory, pre-Bar Mitzvah entry at the Little Art Theatre, 247 Xenia Ave., to manhood consists of a unique and Yellow Springs. Tickets are available at the remarkable treasure hunt. He finds his door, at, at the Boonshoft mother’s identity, and his, and we get to CJCE, 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville or by go along for the ride. Not a bad deal for calling Karen Steiger at 610-1555. all concerned. THE DAYTON JEWISH OBSERVER • APRIL 2014


Poland still grappling with Aftermath

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     

     

  


Ireneusz Czop in the Polish film Aftermath

By Michael Fox Special To The Observer Wladyslaw Pasikowski’s extraordinary Aftermath is a rare example of a filmmaker fearlessly exposing a grievous chapter in his or her country’s history. You can well imagine everyone prefers that the secret, and the amoral failings of a prior generation remain buried, but one strong soul has chosen to invite the skeletons out of the closet. The Polish director’s masterstroke is to wrap his harrowing exposé of World War II crimes and contemporary cover-ups inside the onionskin layers of a seductive thriller. A slowly unfolding mystery that grows steadily darker, Aftermath is crackerjack entertainment capped with an unforgettable gutpunch. Aftermath screens April 29 as part of the JCC Film Fest. German filmmakers have examined the Third Reich and the Holocaust since the early ‘50s, confronting every aspect of the Nazis’ undeniable guilt. Polish directors, however, have largely steered clear of the period, with the notable (and controversial) exceptions of Andrzej Wajda’s wrenching Korczak (1990) and Agnieszka Holland’s powerful In Darkness (2001). Their dilemma is that the Poles, to this day, largely deny the accusation that they participated with the Nazis in the murder of Jews. (Or that they opportunistically used the invasion and the war as a cover for eliminating Jews.) Aftermath shines a bright light on the dark canard of Polish innocence — literally, in a middle-of-the-night climax — and the revelation could not be more shocking. “It is a difficult and complex subject,” Pasikowski explained in an interview with Variety last year, “and one that runs against the Polish image of the country as being both a heroic fighter against Nazism and a victim, which is also true.” Aftermath begins with the return of the prodigal son to the village of his childhood after many years in America. Although the surroundings and the people are familiar, Jozef (Maciej Stuhr) sees them through an outsider’s eyes. It’s a clever way of setting the scene, for

Menemsha Films

we immediately identify with Jozef’s point of view. As attractive and charismatic as Jozef is, though, we’re put off by his casual, antisemitic put-downs of people he works with (or for) in Chicago. It’s another canny move by Pasikowski, for it limits our identification and comfort level with the main character. The younger brother, Franciszek (Ireneusz Czop), has been running the family farm since Jozef left. Jozef’s arrival is fortuitous, however, for Franciszek’s placid, small-town routine has been disrupted by a serious yet initially indefinable threat. Actually, we’ve felt a sense of foreboding since Jozef got off the plane. The moment he set foot on the road leading to the farm, an unseen entity — friend or foe? — made its presence felt. It would be wrong to reveal any more of the plot and deprive the viewer of the pleasure of Pasikowski’s carefully thought-out structure. Aftermath is the kind of film where every line of dialogue and every camera movement has a purpose, even if we only realize it after the fact. Ambitious, complex, shocking and wholly satisfying (admittedly, in a disturbing way), Aftermath is a beautifully executed example of a film that draws on heavy-duty historical reality without exploiting or trivializing it. At the same time, it somehow also manages to integrate an otherworldly dimension into a wholly realistic story. Above all, the film takes on Poland’s World War II-era history and its ongoing silence with intelligence, style and — at the crucial juncture — unflinching courage. Aftermath is a movie to be savored, admired and celebrated. The JCC Film Festival presents Aftermath on Tuesday, April 29 at 7:15 p.m. at the Neon Movies, 130 E. 5th St., Dayton. Following the film, retired Dayton Daily News Editorial Board Member Martin Gottlieb will talk about Aftermath’s historical perspective. Tickets are available at the door, at, at the Boonshoft CJCE, 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville or by calling Karen Steiger at 610-1555. THE DAYTON JEWISH OBSERVER • APRIL 2014

Desperation pervades tough-minded Bethlehem

Vered Adir



By Michael Fox Special To The Observer The screw-tightening Israeli drama Bethlehem pivots on the personal bond between a Shin Bet officer and the Palestinian teenager he’s cultivated as an informant. That may sound like a bad case of misplaced trust by both parties. In the context of this harrowing film, where every character has his own agenda and loyalty is measured in days (if not hours), Razi and Sanfur’s relationship is no more or less risky than any other. Consequently, the question Bethlehem leaves us with is not a pleasant one: In a circumscribed world of impossible choices on both sides, how does anyone evade becoming a victim? The film garnered Ophir Awards for Best Picture, Director (Yuval Adler) and Screenplay (Adler and Arab journalist Ali Waked), and was Israel’s official submission for the Foreign Language Oscar. Unlike Omar, an excellent Palestinian film that coincidentally also revolves around an Israeli handler and his Palestinian source, Bethlehem did not receive a nomination. Both movies are riveting, rewarding and undeniably unsettling. Omar is the slightly richer film, thanks to a fraught love story threaded through the narrative that adds a dash of tenderness to the hair-trigger proceedings. Omar is also a slightly more political work. Bethlehem presents us with a procession of single-minded characters who are unwavering in their short-term aims, regardless of who gets hurt along the way. The presumed larger goals — protect Jews or kill Jews — gradually The JCC Film Festival presents Bethlehem on Thursday, May 1 at 7:15 p.m. at the Neon Movies, 130 E. 5th St., Dayton. Tickets are available at the door, at, at the Boonshoft CJCE, 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville or by calling Karen Steiger at 610-1555.

get pushed into the background by ego, ambition, power and suspicion. Razi, the Israeli operative, has had Sanfur’s ear for two years and evinces great concern for his adolescent informant. We’re inclined to believe him — Israelis are good guys, right? — but Razi’s main priority is eliminating the leader of the Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade in Bethlehem, who happens to be Sanfur’s brother. It’s almost too on the nose that the Israelis’ code name for Sanfur is Esau. A successful suicide bomb attack increases the pressure on Razi from his boss, edging him into one risky decision after another. His fixation reaches a peak in the mission to take out Sanfur’s brother in Bethlehem that comprises the film’s pulsepounding centerpiece. The Palestinians, meanwhile, display neither calm nor unity under fire. The Palestinian Authority is depicted as corrupt and opportunistic, playing Al Aqsa against Hamas with misappropriated funds and judiciously dispensed rumors. Indeed, the viewer wonders if any faction is in it for the cause, or for the money, power and street cred. We come to accept that loyalty is naïve and imprudent in this toxic climate. Alas, Sanfur is desperate to prove that he’s as brave and worthy of respect as his brother. At the same time, the only person who doesn’t insult and belittle him is Razi. But what is a Palestinian’s life worth if his only friend is an Israeli? And what are the career prospects for an intelligence officer who’s so invested in his informant that he may be unwittingly developing another terrorist leader? Bethlehem wants us to see that control is a dangerous illusion in the IsraeliPalestinian relationship. Only after the lights go up do we realize that the sense of desperation that pervades this tough-minded film builds from every character’s refusal to acknowledge that basic fact.


A scene from the Israeli film Bethlehem


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LIFECYCLES Julie Liss-Katz and Marc Katz are pleased to announce the upcoming marriage of their daughter Aviva to Michael Waitz, son of Mr. and Mrs. David Waitz and the late Jill Waitz. Aviva, a graduate of Indiana University, is currently a planning analyst for Crate and Barrel in Northbrook, Ill. Michael, a graduate of DePaul University, is the director of centennial development for Alpha Epsilon Pi. A June wedding is planned at Beth Abraham Synagogue. Douglas and Rachel Saphire, son and daughter-in-law of Richard and Patricia Saphire, announce the birth of their daughter, Ella Leah, on Feb. 7 in Boston. Rachel is associate rabbi at Temple Beth Elohim in Wellesley, and Douglas is associate director of career services at Boston College School of Law. Rachel’s parents are Marilyn and Craig Crossley of Springfield. Send lifecycles to: The Dayton Jewish Observer, 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville, OH 45459. Email: There is a $10 charge to run a photo; please make checks payable to The Observer.

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Wishing You A Happy Passover PAGE 18

Jack Jacobs, son of Martin and Martha Moody Jacobs, was awarded his Eagle badge in an honor court held Jan. 11. Jack was a member of Troop 516 in Centerville. For his Eagle project, he oversaw the building of a bridge on a walking path at Hills and Dales Park in Kettering. Two of Jack’s

Rachel Haug Gilbert brothers, Eli and Michael, came back to town to be with him for the celebration. Eli, also an Eagle Scout, escorted Jack to the ceremony. Also joining in the celebration were Jack’s grandparents, Maurine and Jack Scott, from Mt. Vernon, Ohio. Maurine presented the invocation to begin the evening. Jack is currently a freshman in the Kelly School of Business at Indiana University. He participates in the cycling club and just pledged to Theta Chi.

Peter Wells

Foundation. Camp Livingston SACH’s mission in Bennington, is to improve Ind. recently hired the quality of Brett Schwartz as pediatric cardiac its new executive care for children director. Brett from developing comes to the countries. “This Jewish overnight year, we funded camp from an Ethiopian Washington & surgeon to receive Lee University Karen Levin observes pediatric open heart training at the Hillel in Virginia where he served as surgery at Wolfson Medical Holon hospital,” Karen, a former executive director Center in Holon, Israel physician assistant, for three years. explained. “After this training, He’s also served as youth he will return to Ethiopia director at Adath Israel in and perform pediatric heart Cincinnati for three years. surgeries in his country. The one that we funded was In February, Levin Family assisting on this surgery.” Foundation Executive Director Karen Levin and On Feb. 23, former Trustee Peter Wells Daytonian Florence observed open Katz was honored heart surgery on by the men’s club a 2-month-old of Temple Beth Palestinian boy, Israel in Sarasota. at the Wolfson Florence, 98, is Medical Center in the founder and Holon, Israel. The first director of procedure was the temple’s choir. funded through A volunteer with Israel’s Save A Jewish Family Child’s Heart, and Children’s a beneficiary of Maxine Rubin (L) with Services in Sarasota, The Levin Family Florence Katz Florence is the recipient of the 2013 Florida Salute to Seniors Award from Home Instead Senior Care. A multitude of Daytonians and former Daytonians attended the tribute, including her daughter and son-in-law Judy Katz Vigder and Bob Vigder, granddaughters Karen Vigder Bokor and Cheryl Vigder Brause, and friends Marc and Ronni Loundy, Maxine Rubin Now taking orders for and Renee Rubin Handel, unique, beautiful Phil and Sis Office, Celia centerpieces for and Jeff Shulman, and Susan Passover Seders. and Rand Mallitz. The event included a musical tribute from the temple’s choir. 1132 Brown Street

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Cantor Jerome B. Kopmar postponed his March 2 recital because of snow, but it’s now rescheduled it for Sunday, April 28 at 4 p.m. at St. John’s Lutheran Church at Fifth and Ludlow. The recital will feature works by Mendelssohn, Schubert, Beethoven, Verdi, and selections in Yiddish and Hebrew. Assisting Cantor Kopmar will be pianist Bernadette O’Connor, mezzo Brigid McCabe, and soprano Julie Davis. Send your Kvelling items to Rachel at kvellingcorner@ or to Rachel Haug Gilbert, The Dayton Jewish Observer, 525 Versailles Drive, Centerville, OH 45459.


ISRAEL: Amazing Women, Amazing Stories

Jewish Federation of GREATER DAYTON Friday, April 4 & Sunday, April 6 › Photography Workshop 1 & 2 9:30AM-NOON FRI, 12:3004:30PM SUN @ Boonshoft CJCE Israeli photographer Yochanan Kishon joins us to share the unique culture of Israel alongside his photography expertise.

In early February, five women from Dayton journeyed to Israel exploring the country from our Partnership 2Gether region in the far north of the Western Galilee to the southern tip of Eilat and many places in between. We spent meaningful moments meeting so many Israelis whose lives we impact by our activities from the United States, and our community here in Dayton. One of the highlights for me was meeting with some amazing women; from the new Miss Israel, a 23-year-old Ethiopian whose nickname is “Titi”, to Ofra Strauss, the CEO of the Strauss Food Company. Most importantly, the Strauss food company is responsible for Sabra hummus. Now that’s a staple at my weekly mah-jong game. Please enjoy the photos you see here. For a more in-depth look at our travels visit

Cathy L. Gardner

CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton

Saturday, April 26 › YAD & IDF Soldiers

8PM @ Scene 75 (6196 Poe Ave, Dayton) Go karts, laser tag, arcade games with visiting IDF soldiers. Let’s show them how it’s done in the USA! Cost is on your own.

ABOVE: Arriving in Jerusalem on their first trip to Israel, Barbara Davis Weprin and other participants join in saying the Shehecheyanu. TOP LEFT: Debby Goldenberg visits the Shrine of the Book, which houses the Dead Sea Scrolls.

Sunday, April 27 › Yom Hashoah 7PM @ Beth Jacob Synagogue (7020 N. Main St. Dayton) Join our memorial service as four soldiers from the Israeli Defense Force share their personal family ties to the Holocaust. Pieces from the Max May Memorial Holocaust Art contest will be on display before and after the service.

ABOVE FAR LEFT: Karen Levin and Beth Zuriel visiting with an Ethiopian immigrant who came to Israel over 30 years ago. BOTTOM LEFT: As part of the Heart-2-Heart mission, participants got to meet Yityish Aynaw, the first Miss Israel of Ethiopian decent. BOTTOM FAR LEFT: Cathy Gardner with students from our Partnership2Gether school twinning program between Hillel Academy and students from middle school in Nahariyah, Israel.


Thursday, June 19 › Faith, Love, and Hope: Remembering Carol Pavlofsky 7PM @ Boonshoft CJCE Please join us with featured guest speaker Jeannie Smith, daughter of the late Polish rescuer, Irene Opdyke. Irene was a brave and inspiring figure during the Holocaust, who was named a Righteous Among the Nations by Yad Vashem. A minimum gift of $180 per person to the 2014 Campaign is required to attend. Look for your invitation in the mail soon! Contact Cheryl Carne at 937-610-1555 for more information. RSVPs are due at least 1 week before event. Events with no price listed are free. PLEASE CONTACT KAREN STEIGER REGARDING ALL EVENTS UNLESS NOTED OTHERWISE: 610-1555,

Taglit-Birthright Israel provides one-of-a-kind, thoughtful experience for local young adults In December, siblings Sam and Marla Guggenheimer joined Jewish young adults from across the U.S. by participating in Taglit-Birthright Israel. “I ... appreciated the opportunity to meet other young Jews from all over America,” stated Sam. “... combined with the great people I met and the amazing places I visited made my first trip to Israel an absolutely incredible experience.” “... We got to spend 10 days not only bonding with Jewish young adults from America, but in Israel we were also joined by six Israeli soldiers, the same age as all of us,” said Marla. “I learned so much ... about Israeli culture, being in the army, where they live and what they love to do in their free time.” Birthright Israel is a nonprofit educational organization that sponsors free, 10-day heritage trips to Israel for Jewish young adults. All participants must be between 18 and 26 and have finished high

Thank you for answering the call on Tzedakah Sunday, March 2. With your help, we were able to secure 90 pledges and raised $25,653 for the 2014 Annual Campaign. A special thank you to our volunteers:

Judy Abromowitz Campaign Chair

Marla and Sam Guggenheimer with two Israeli soldiers from their travels in Israel.

school by the time their trip departs. Trips include roundtrip airfare to Israel, lodging, transportation, two meals per day and other associated land costs in Israel. Please contact Hilary Zappin at or 610-1555 for further information.

Amy Bloom Melinda Doner Michele Dritz Heath Gilbert Ron Gilbert Shirlee Gilbert Heather Honeycutt Sharon Honeycutt Richard Pinsky Cadi Polk Tzedakah Sunday Co-Chair

Andy Schwartz

Tzedakah Sunday Co-Chair

Seth Swift Mary Rita Weissman Gary Youra Mary Youra Campaign Vice Chair

Staff: Cheryl Carne John Dales Hope Fullen Cathy Gardner Mary Ann Hemmert Alisa Thomas Marshall Weiss Hilary Zappin


Jewish Community Center of GREATER DAYTON Friday, April 4 & Sunday, April 6 › Photography Workshop 1 & 2 9:30AM - NOON FRI, 12:30 4:30PM SUN @ Boonshoft CJCE Israeli photographer Yochanan Kishon joins us to share the unique culture of Israel alongside his photography expertise. Thursday, April 24 › Film Fest Opening Night

6:45PM @ The Neon (130 East 5th St., Dayton) Join us for our opening night featuring a red carpet and string quartet with members of the Dayton Philharmonic Orchestra, followed by the film The Zig Zag Kid. $9 adults / $8 sudents. April 25, 26, & 27 › BBYO Regional Convention for

New Members 5:30PM drop off, Friday at Boonshoft CJCE. Pick up Boonshoft CJCE at 2PM on Sunday. A weekend of fun and friendship, meeting Jewish teens from Kentucky, Indiana, and Ohio. $210 per person. Tuesday, April 29

SOMETHING FOR EVERYONE: School’s out & Kettering Kickers

ABOVE LEFT: Liam MacDonald, Antonio Fuenzalida, Eli Greenberg and Benjamin Char participated in the JCC School’s Out Program. Activities included games, crafts, swimming, and rock wall climbing along with an afternoon of hanging with friends. PHOTO CREDIT: Yale Glinter. ABOVE RIGHT: The Kettering Kickers came for an entertaining afternoon with the JCC’s Active Adults group. PHOTO CREDIT: MARSHALL WEISS.

BBYO offers community, friendship for local teens



We invite the community to join us for photography lectures and workshops. We are pleased to present Yochanan Kishon, a photography teacher, artist and curator brought to us by PARTNERSHIP2GETHER, the Western Galilee Central Area Consortium. Yochanan has exhibited his work in dozens of exhibitions, most recently in Berlin, Germany. He is involved in multiple artistic collaborations with artists from the U.S. Additional Saturday & Sunday night workshops (Saturday night, Cox Arboretum, Sunday night, Boonshoft CJCE) are available for experienced photographers. Please contact Ehud Borovoy, Schedule of events: Friday, April 4, @ Boonshoft CJCE 9:30AM - Meet and Greet, followed by a 2 hour workshop 10AM-12PM - Tricks of Digital Photography: Simple Ways to Make a Strong Impact 12PM - Q & A Sunday, April 6, @ Boonshoft CJCE 12:30PM - Meet and Greet, followed by half hour workshops 1-2:30PM - A captive lecture about Israeli culture: Through the Eyes of a Camera 2:30-3PM - Coffee, entertainment 3-4:30PM - Photographic Language: Communicate a Story with Pictures 4:30PM - Q & A For more information, contact and RSVP to Karen Steiger 937-610-1555.

Andrea Liberman, Girls’ resident of Hatikvah, describes BBYO as an international youth group for Jewish teens: “Boys and girls from around the world are able to participate in local, regional, and international events, where they learn about Jewish heritage, perform community service, and have fun with new lifelong friends.” In Dayton, the boys’ chapter is called Weprin-Kadima and is advised by Scott Goldberg while the girls’ chapter is Hatikvah and is advised by Cadi Polk. The Dayton chapters usually meet weekly on Wednesdays from 7-8:30 at Sugar Camp (105 Sugar Camp Circle, 1st Floor). Why do teens want to join BBYO? Alex Africk says, “...I loved how close the BBYO members were and how long-lasting those

friendships would eventually become.” Addison Caruso, Weprin-Kadima, boys’ president, gave his insights into Dayton BBYO and why others would want to join: “With all of the Jews in Dayton so spread out, it is nice for some time, to be in an environment where everyone shares something that connects you: a common history, a common culture, and a common religion. Plus you get to make new friends from all over Dayton, while making our community a better place.” For more information on Dayton BBYO contact Yale Glinter: JCC youth, teen and family director/ BBYO city director, at or 937-401-1550.

› Film Fest: Aftermath

7:15PM @ The Neon (130 East 5th St., Dayton) The Polish thriller Aftermath will keep you on the edge of your seat! $9 adults / $8 sudents. › SAVE THE DATE! Camp Shalom Family Weekend, May 30 through June 1. Join us for a taste of Jewish camping at Camp Livingston! Contact Yale Glinter for more information:


A little bit of Yiddish to share with friends, courtesy of the JCC Yiddish Club, in memory of Lynda A. Cohen.

Efenen : \EF-en-en\ Verb \ Past Participle: Geefnt To open.

› SAVE THE DATE! Family Day June 22 @ Great American Ball Park, Cincinnati. Contact Yale Glinter for more information: RSVPs are due at least 1 week before event. Events with no price listed are free. PLEASE CONTACT KAREN STEIGER REGARDING ALL EVENTS UNLESS NOTED OTHERWISE: 610-1555,

EARLY CHILDHOOD: Bagels & Blocks Jonah Dritz brings dad, Jay, to preschool for Bagels and Blocks on February 19. PHOTO CREDIT: Rachel Schubeler.


Phrases with efenen: 1. efenen a pisk - to open one’s big mouth; efenen a pisk oyf - to heap abuse on 2. efenen mitn kop di tir - to be kicked out/ ejected (lit., to open the door with one’s head) 3. bay im iz ofn tir un toyer - he’s doing very well (lit., door and gate are open for him)


» Is there a voice inside you that says there’s something more or there’s something missing? Do you have time to fill? Your life will be enriched on July 10th when you attend the L’Chaim,To Life! Fair sponsored by Jewish Family Services at Temple Israel, July 10, 10AM - 2PM.



Jewish Family Serivices provides social services to families and community members of all ages JFS AIMS TO HELP THOSE IN NEED IN OUR COMMUNITY, FROM YOUNG ADULTS TO THE AGING Our mission at Jewish Family Services is to promote and strengthen wholesome, positive family life and to nurture the stability of the Jewish family, in particular. We provide the highest quality of services to older adults and the disabled by providing information, referral, educational, advocacy, case management and long distance care-giving services. We offer high-quality services to the Jewish and general community without regard to race, religion or national origin. Our services are available for your convenience Monday through Friday at the Federation offices. We

understand that everyone faces difficult and stressful times, and believe that it can be helpful to speak with a professional. Our staff is made up of activity specialists, case managers, master’s-level trained counselors and mental health professionals. Our staff works with clients to determine priorities, goals and strategies, and provides encouragement and support as we help them find ways to improve their lives and circumstances. Also, Dayton area seniors are not alone. Growing older is another part of the life process. Our professional JFS team can review options available in our community

for medical or emotional needs and help individuals to walk through the maze of information in order to obtain those services. Community members of all ages and those who are disabled can utilize JFS services. Educational programing will be available based on sufficient registration for topics by request and supportive services to those living throughout the Miami Valley. To get started, call JFS Administrative Assistant Joyce Anderson at 937-853-0377. Speak to us about what you or a family member may need. A social worker will then

contact you to schedule an appointment to discuss JFS programs. Once you and/or a family member has spoken with a JFS worker and it has been determined that in-depth assistance is required, we can help with coordinating those services and appointments through our case management team. From case management, advocacy, living arangements, counseling, and transportaion, Jewish Family Services is here to help!

Jewish Family Services of GREATER DAYTON Tuesday, April 1 12:30PM @ Covenant Manor Musical Entertainment and Sing Along with Brenda Allen. Friday, April 4 NOON @ Covenant Manor Fresh Friday- Enjoy a delicious home cooked meal prepared by Bernstein’s Fine Catering. Tuesday, April 8 12:30PM @ Covenant Manor Miami Valley on the Move presented by Nancy Horlacher, Dayton Metro Library Historian. Wednesday, April 9 12:30PM @ Covenant Manor Wild, wacky, wonderful word games. Friday, April 25 NOON @ Covenant Manor Fresh Friday- Enjoy a delicious home cooked meal prepared by Bernstein’s Fine Catering. 12:30PM Bingo Tuesday, April 29 12:30PM @ Covenant Manor What’s New with Medicaid and Medicare presented by Herman Byrd from AARP.

Mary Ann Hemmert JFS DIRECTOR


A l l d o n a t i o n s m a d e d u r i n g M A R C H & A P R I L w i l l b e m a t c h e d by t h e Fe i n s t e i n Fo u n d a t i o n .

C o n t a c t K a r e n S t e i g e r ( k s t e i g e r @ j f g d . n e t , 9 3 7- 0 3 7 2 ) o r S i m o n e S o f i a n (s s o f i a n @ j f g d . n e t , 9 3 7- 6 1 0 -1 7 9 5)




PHILANTHROPY: Tailoring your legacy JEWISH FOUNDATION HAS THE TOOLS TO HELP YOU LEAVE YOUR MARK Perhaps you have made the decision to establish an endowment with the Jewish Foundation of Greater Dayton. Did you know we can help you tailor your legacy to best represent what is important to you and your family? There are several options available:

Jewish Foundation of GREATER DAYTON

» Restricted Endowment Fund: Restricted funds are targeted for a specific use or purpose. Your endowment can be designated to support the Annual Campaign; the Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton, Jewish Community Center or Jewish Family Services; or a specific program or event. So whether you are passionate about our senior transportation services or early childhood program, you can create a fund to support your passion in perpetuity.

SHARE YOUR STORY » Do you have a donor

» Unrestricted Endowment Fund: If you would like to create a fund to offer general support to the Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton, we recommend establishing an unrestricted endowment fund. These funds have

Greater Dayton is working on a Book of Life. The book will feature personal stories and messages for future generations. If you have an endowment with the Jewish Foundation of Greater Dayton and would like to be a part of this meaningful project, please contact Alisa Thomas at anelligan@jfgd. net or 937-610-1796 by May 23.

DEVELOPMENT COORDINATOR Jewish Foundation of Greater Dayton





Legacies, Tributes, & Memorials FEDERATION

THE BOOK OF LIFE » The Jewish Foundation of

Alisa Thomas



advised fund or endowment fund through the Jewish Foundation of Greater Dayton? We want to hear from you! Share your story and experience with the Jewish Foundation with us, and you may be featured in a future article. If you have any questions or would like to submit information, please contact Alisa Thomas at anelligan@jfgd. net or 937-610-1796.

no specific designation and are available to the organization for general use. Endowments help provide a stream of permanent income to safeguard the programs that matter most to you. If you choose to support a program, and in time that program ceases to exist, your generosity will still live on. The funds will be used toward a comparable program. Donating to an endowment fund is also a great way to honor someone. When making a donation, let us know what fund you would like to designate your gift to, or we would be happy to help you choose a fund. We recommend speaking with your attorney or financial advisor about options for funding your endowment. Contact Cathy Gardner, CEO or Cheryl Carne, chief development officer at 937-610-1555 for more information.

CAMPAIGN IN HONOR OF › New granddaughter of Debbie and Bruce Feldman Debby and Dr. Robert Goldenberg Mary and Dr. Gary Youra Renee and Dr. Frank Handel & Family › New great-granddaughter of Esther and DeNeal Feldman Renee and Dr. Frank Handel & Family Dr. Nathaniel Ritter MIRIAM SIEGEL MARKS & MILTON A. MARKS PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT FUND IN MEMORY OF › Rita Z. Cline Marks › Ruth Marks Rosset › In Yahrzeit memory of Miriam Siegel Marks Cindy Bank, Richard Marks and Matthew Marks HOLOCAUST PROGRAMMING FUND IN MEMORY OF › Brother of Dr. Ron Gilbert Helene Gordon and Joe Fodal

TALA ARNOVITZ FUND IN HONOR OF › Speedy recovery of Lenna Zusman Beverly Saeks IN MEMORY OF › Norman Katz, father of Marc Katz Beverly Saeks

IN MEMORY OF › Norman Katz, father of Marc Katz Cathy Gardner

DOROTHY B. MOYER YOUNG LEADERSHIP FUND IN HONOR OF › New home of Marcia and Richard Moyer › New great-granddaughter of Beverly and Sherman Vangrove Esther and DeNeal Feldman

HERTA G. & EGON F. WELLS CHILDREN’S FUND IN HONOR OF › Speedy recovery of Sam Lauber Cathy Gardner

JCC ACTIVE ADULTS IN HONOR OF › Speedy recovery of Larry Briskin Jane and Dr. Gary Hochstein FELDMAN FAMILY BBYO FUND IN HONOR OF › New granddaughter of Debbie and Bruce Feldman › New great-granddaughter of Esther and DeNeal Feldman Cathy Gardner


FILM FESTIVAL IN HONOR OF › Birth of daughter, Zoey, to Miri and Josh Lader Jane and Dr. Gary Hochstein

FAMILY SERVICES SENIOR SERVICES IN HONOR OF › New great-granddaughter of Esther and DeNeal Feldman › New great-granddaughter of Beverly and Sherman Vangrove Jean and Bert Lieberman IN MEMORY OF › Beverly Elovitz Mindy and Roger Chudde SPECIFIC ASSISTANCE IN MEMORY OF › Elliott Heller › Irv Merdinger Hyla and Dr. Raymond Weiskind

FOUNDATION JEREMY BETTMAN B’NAI TZEDEK YOUTH PHILANTHROPY FUND IN HONOR OF › Elaine Bettman receiving the YWCA Women of Influence Award Shirlee and Dr. Ron Gilbert

Wishing our friends in Dayton a Happy Passover.

• • • • • •

Cedar Village Home Care Cedar Village Hospice Cedar Village Rehabilitation Center Independent/Assisted Living Long Term Care Outpatient Therapy in Mason and Amberley

• • • • •

Shalom Center for Elder Abuse Prevention Specialized Dementia Care VillageCare Wellness Assessments Opening in the Summer of 2014: Aquatic Therapy Center

Ced�r Vill��e is � nonprofit retirement community, loc�ted in M�son, Ohio.

Cedar Village Retirement Community | 5467 Cedar Village Drive, Mason, Ohio 45040 | Tel: 513.754.3100 | THE DAYTON JEWISH OBSERVER • APRIL 2014



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Happy Passover from The Sandler Family

Private Party Areas Kosher Catering Available Gift Cards Holiday Parties FUNdraising


JCC Photography Workshops: w. Israeli photographer Yochanan Kishon. Fri., April 4, 9:30 a.m.noon & Sun., April 6, 12:304:30 p.m. Boonshoft CJCE, 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville. R.S.V.P. to Karen Steiger, 8530372.

Temple Israel Classes: Wednesdays, 10 a.m.: Lattes & Legends w. Rabbi BodneyHalasz at Wash. Sq. Dorothy Lane Mkt. Noon: Talmud w. Rabbi Sofian. Saturdays, 9:30 a.m.: Torah w. Rabbi Sofian. 130 Riverside Dr., Dayton. 4960050.


Beth Abraham Synagogue Classes: Sat., April 5, 12:30 p.m.: Why Jews Do What They Do w. Rabbi Ginsberg. 305 Sugar Camp Cir., Oakwood. 293-9520.

Beth Jacob Congregation Book Club: Mon., April 7, 7:15 p.m. Arlene Stine reviews Defending Jacob by William Landay. 7020 N. Main St., Harrison Twp. 274-2149.

Temple Beth Or Classes: Sun., April 6, 13, 20, 27, 1 p.m.: Adult Hebrew w. Rabbi Chessin. Sun., April 13 & 27, 10:30 a.m.: Tanach Study w. Rabbi Chessin. Sun., April 13, 3:30 p.m.: Fusion Families w. Rabbi Chessin. Wed., April 2, 16, 23, 30, 6-9 p.m.: Israeli Folk Dancing w. Janifer Tsou. Wed., April 2, 7 p.m.: Men’s Circle w. Rabbi Burstein. Wed., April 9, 7 p.m.: Spirituality w. Rabbi Burstein. 5275 Marshall Rd., Wash. Twp. 435-3400.

Jewish Family Services Bereavement Group: w. Mary Ann Hemmert & Rabbi Bernard Barsky. Six Wednesdays, 3:304:30 p.m. beginning April 23, Starbucks Community Room, 2424 Far Hills Ave., Oakwood. R.S.V.P. to JFS at 610-1555. Temple Israel Brotherhood Ryterband Lecture & Brunch Series: Sun., April 27, 10 a.m.: Jewish musician Franklin Lewis. $5. 130 Riverside Dr., Dayton. 496-0050.

YAD & IDF Soldiers: Sat., April 26, 8 p.m. Scene75, 6196 Poe Ave., Dayton. Pay your own way. R.S.V.P. to Karen Steiger, 853-0372.


Jewish Family Services Events: See Federation newsletter in center spread.

JCC Film Festival

See listings on Page 14.

Community Events

Beth Abraham Men’s Club Deli Dinner, Movie & Raffle: Sun., Mar. 30, 6:15 p.m. $18 dinner & movie, $5 movie only. R.S.V.P. 305 Sugar Camp Cir., Oakwood. 293-9520. Dayton Area Yom Hashoah Observance: Sun., April 27, 6 p.m. art exhibit, 7 p.m. observance. Beth Jacob Congregation, 7020 N. Main St., Harrison Twp. For info., call Jodi Phares, 610-1555.


JCC & Chabad’s Sharing Traditions Passover: Mon., Mar. 31, 5:30 p.m. Boonshoft CJCE, 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville. Free. R.S.V.P. to Karen Steiger, 853-0372. Chabad Passover Seder: Mon., April 14, 7:30 p.m. 2001 Far Hills Ave., Oakwood. For details, call 643-0770.

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Wishing You A Happy Passover

Alan & Elyse Berg Wishing the community a Happy Passover

Temple Beth Or 30th Annual Passover Seder: Tues., April 15, 6:30 p.m. Adult Members $23. Member Children $9. Adult Non-Members $32. NonMember Children $13. Children under 3 free. 5275 Marshall Rd., Wash. Twp. 435-3400. R.S.V.P. with your check by April 8. Beth Abraham Synagogue Passover Second Night Seder: Tues., April 15, 6:45 p.m. $40 adults, $20 children under 13. 305 Sugar Camp Cir., Oakwood. R.S.V.P. by April 3. 293-9520.

Is your son or daughter graduating from high school this year?

Dayton Chapter of Hadassah wishes you a Happy Passover.

The Observer is happy to offer you a FREE announcement, including a photo, in our June graduation issue. To receive a form for this free announcement, contact Karen Steiger at 853-0372 or

The Women’s Zionist Organization of America 275-0227 • P.O. Box 292815, Dayton, Ohio 45429 PAGE 24


All forms must be received by May 2 to be included in our graduation issue. THE DAYTON JEWISH OBSERVER • APRIL 2014















For kids entering grades 1-7, contact Yale Glinter, (401-1550), $40 registration savings before April 11. Discount applies to Upper Camp only.








































JUNE 9 - AUGUST 1 » LOWER CAMP For children 18 mo. through Kindergarten, contact Audrey MacKenzie, (853-0373). THE DAYTON JEWISH OBSERVER • APRIL 2014


el Sponsor

hropic Fund of the JFGD



Infusing meaning into the Seder






Lynda A. Cohen, Chairperson

delman, Elaine Arnovitz, Jody Blazar, Dena Briskin, . Froelich, Angela Frydman, Lynn Goldenberg, Jacobson, Janice Krochmal, Linda Levine, rcus, Carole Marger, Bernadette D. O’Koon, Rabinowitz, Cantor Andrea Raizen, Phyllis Rosen, Cohen Zukowsky, Cindy Zwerner


2014 2014 Melinda Doner Helene Gordon Susie Katz Harriet Klass

Ellen Leffak Gayle Moscowitz Community Volunteer Patti Schear Carol Pavlofsky in memoriam

Advocate for Individuals with Disabilities, Community Volunteer

Please join Beth Abraham Synagogue Sisterhood as we honor an extraordinary group of women Community Volunteer to for their commitment and dedication the Jewish and general communities. Community Volunteer

Wednesday, May 7, 11:30 a.m.

Beth Abraham is Dayton’s only Conservative synagogue, affiliated with the United Synagogue of Conservative Judaism.

Attorney Intervention Specialist Community Leader

We are an enthusiastically egalitarian synagogue. Beth Abraham is Dayton’s We also have an eneronly Conservative getic Keruv program that synagogue, affiliated with reaches out to intermarried the United Synagogue of couples and families in our Conservative Judaism. synagogue and in the Dayton Jewish We arecommunity. an enthusiastically

aham is Dayton’s servative ue, affiliated with ed Synagogue of ative Judaism.

n enthusiastically an synagogue.

have an eneruv program that out to intermarried and families in our ue and in the Dayton ommunity.

egalitarian synagogue. For a complete schedule of Forevents, a complete our go toschedule of our events, go to 

In Memorium: Carol Pavlofsky Community Leader, Mentor

You’re invited to our 

Passover Second Night Seder

Tuesday, April 15, 6:45 p.m. Led by Rabbi Joshua Ginsberg & Cantor Andrea Raizen Enjoy a traditional Seder dinner. $40 adults, $20 children under 13. R.S.V.P. by April 3.

with parents who were socialists and By Michele Alperin union activists. Although he still pated in Seders after leaving home, his As the intersection of family, Jewish memory, and the passions of contempo- central identity was as a civil rights and anti-war activist. rary politics and society, the Passover Then Waskow experienced a seSeder is said to be the most celebrated quence of events around the Seder annual Jewish event in the United States. But it is not always easy to make that changed his life. In 1968, when Washington, D.C. was under martial all Seder attendees feel the Haggadah’s law in the wake of the riots following mandate that in every generation, Martin Luther King Jr.’s death, walking each individual should feel personally home from the office to get ready for redeemed from Egypt. the Seder meant walking past the army, The Seder’s uniqueness is what Waskow recalls. makes running a successful Seder so “There was a Jeep with a machine challenging, suggests Noam Zion, a gun pointing up my block,” he says. research fellow at the Shalom Hartman Rabbi Arthur Waskow Institute and coauthor of two Haggadot. It is at the same time an intellectual venture, modeled on the Greek symposium, Please and a join Beth Abraham Synagogue Sisterhood reflection of the priestly as we service, with ceremonialhonor an foods eaten in the proper extraordinary group of women order for at the right time. their commitment and dedication Yet ofand any general communities. tothe theleader Jewish Seder is the head of the household where that particular Seder is being May 7, 2014 Wednesday, held, and that leader mayRegistration 11:00 a.m. or may not11:30 be an expert. a.m. Program and Luncheon “You need imagination, emotion, drama (to lead a Seder); you need someone Rabbi Arthur Waskow’s original Freedom Seder in 1969 Beth Abraham Synagogue who has drama 305gone Sugarto Camp Circle • Dayton, Ohio 45409 “My kishkes (insides), not my brain, school, studied in a(937) rabbinical 293-9520yeshiva, began saying, ‘This is Pharaoh’s army; and knows the rabbinic laws and how and you’re going home to do the to run a priestly Seder, and you have to do that with people of are all women different Women of Valor whoages CARE: Seder.’” “For the first time in my life, the and different attitudes,” says Zion. “It’s We are collecting individually-wrapped healthy snacks and Seder was not just serious; it was exploalmost a ‘mission impossible’ to balance 100% real-juice boxes (no red coloring) to be donated to sive,” Waskow adds. “It was like discovall those elements.” CARE House, an advocacy center for abused children. ering a volcano in your backyard that Zion says his father, Rabbi Moses had not only been dormant, but that you Sachs, imparted two lessons about running Seders: the importance of meshing did not know existed.” Later that year, disheartened by the the traditional and contemporary, and murder of U.S. Sen. Robert Kennedy the need for sensitivity to a Seder’s and the events surrounding the 1968 particular audience. Democratic National Convention, WasRabbi Arthur Waskow — director of kow turned again to the Seder. the Philadelphia-based Shalom Center, “I felt driven to sit down with the whose stated mission is “to reunify Haggadah given to me when I was 13, political action and spiritual search” — with graphics by Saul Raskin, in one remembers serious, left-wing Seders




mplete schedule of ts, go to

Save The Date Installation of Rabbi Joshua Ginsberg Shabbat, June 14


937.723.6135 PAGE 26

Wishing You A Happy Passover

M-Th: 7:30am-9pm F-Sa: 7:30am-10pm Sunday: Closed


RELIGION hand, and in the other King, Thoreau, Emanuel Ringelbloom (the diarist of the Warsaw Ghetto uprising), the black slave rebellions of the 1830s and ’40s, Gandhi, John Brown… I made them into an argument among themselves; I constructed an argument about violence and nonviolence and that became the heart of The Freedom Seder (a Haggadah Waskow published in 1970),” he says. For Rabbi Barbara Penzner of Temple Hillel B’nai Torah in West Roxbury, Mass., Seders have changed at different stages in her life. The Seders her family shared with another family were “very homey, comforting, and welcoming,” with each father leading to his strength, one more traditional and her own more socially active. After Penzner met her husband, Brian Rosman, things changed. “We wanted more discussion and less connection to the literal reading of the Haggadah,” she says. The couple, therefore, started to ask each invitee to take charge of one part of the Seder. “It was a potluck meal and a potluck Seder; because we didn’t have kids, we would be arguing well into the night,” she says. Things changed again when Penzner had children. “Once you have kids, you can’t argue on the same adult level, and you can’t count on them sitting at the table for a long period of time,” she says. “At each stage as our kids grew, we adapted our Seder.” According to Noam Zion, the Seder ritual went astray when it “became a public reading of a sacred text.” “The Seder is supposed to be a series of oral activities: telling stories, asking questions, answering questions, having discussions, along with ritual activities,” he says. In fact, Zion is fine with skipping the Haggadah’s long midrash (homiletic stories meant to resolve problems in the interpretation of difficult biblical passages) that begins with “My father was an Aramean.” He claims that it is not a necessary read, but rather, “a model of the kind of rabbinic discussion you yourself were supposed to have” at the Seder. From their experience running Seders over the years, Zion, Waskow, and Penzner offer a number of suggestions for molding a successful Seder night: • Pick the best guests you can, because you need allies

who share your goal of having an interesting Seder, says Zion. He notes that family members who don’t want to be there can be a big drag. Inviting curious Christians, he says, can spice things up with new questions and put “deadbeat relatives” on their best behavior. • Always assign roles to at least three or four people before the Seder. “Pick the people who are not the most knowledgeable but the most energetic, dramatic, opinionated,” says Zion. A politically interested person might talk about contemporary struggles for freedom, a storyteller might perform paper-bag dramatics, an artist might discuss artistic renditions of the four children, and a good cook might bring lots of hors d’oeuvres to put out at the beginning of the Seder, so that there are no com-

plaints about hunger. • Don’t have the same person planning the Seder and serving the meal, says Penzner. It’s worth paying someone to help out. • Plan the timing of the Seder well, Penzner says. Know when you want to end, and get to the meal in time for that. If you want to include the post-meal parts of the Haggadah, you need to stop the meal early enough so that people

don’t leave. • Encourage questioning. The ritual Four Questions are just a model. For little children, Penzner suggests hanging matzah from the ceiling with crepe paper, or shape sticky Sephardic charoset into pyramids. Penzner also likes to give out chocolate chips to anyone who asks a good question. • Make sure the Seder reflects the participants: If you are bringing young children to a Seder that is adult focused, Zion suggests you should ask the host for a 10 to 15 minute slot to do something meaningful for the children. With small children, you may want to move the first part of the Seder from the table to couches and the floor. “That gave us and families with babies room to go in and out and participate as much as they could,” says

Penzner. • Include activities that get everyone involved, like creating a second Seder plate. Zion suggests one plate filled with objects brought by invitees that represent the most important thing that has shaped their Jewishness. Waskow shares the suggestion of Martha Hausman to have a “freedom plate” where “people bring some physical object from their own lives that represents freedom for them, and each person gets to lift his or her own object and explain it.” Zion also recommends filling Elijah’s cup together — via the Ropshitzer Rebbe, he explains that as each participant pours in a little wine, they can share their hopes and dreams for “next year in Jerusalem” and for a better world.

Beth Jacob Congregation

Wishes Everyone ‫ חג ׂשמח‬and a Happy Passover. 7020 North Main Street • Dayton, Ohio 45415 • 274-2149 •

Passover 2014.

Hospice of Dayton is proud to be accredited by the National Institute for Jewish Hospice

Sharing the Celebration Of Freedom. Sharing the Celebration of Life. 324 Wilmington Ave. Dayton 937.256.4490 1.800.653.4490

of butler

& warren counties

Jules Sherman, D.O. Senior Medical Director




CONGREGATIONS Beth Abraham Synagogue Conservative Rabbi Joshua Ginsberg Cantor/Dir. of Ed. & Programming Andrea Raizen Daily services 6:50 a.m. & 5:30 p.m. Fri., 5:30 p.m. Sat. 9 a.m. and sundown Sat. eve. Sundays at 8:30 a.m. 305 Sugar Camp Circle, Oakwood. 293-9520. Beth Jacob Congregation Traditional Mornings: Sun., Mon., Thurs., 7 a.m. Sat. 9:30 a.m. Evenings: Sun. through Fri. 7 p.m. 7020 N. Main St., Dayton. 274-2149. Temple Anshe Emeth Reform Friday, April 18, 7:30 p.m. Rabbinic Intern Marc Kasten 320 Caldwell St., Piqua. Call Eileen Litchfield, 937-5470092, Correspondence address: 3808 Beanblossom Rd., Greenville, OH 45331. Temple Beth Or Reform Rabbi Judy Chessin Asst. Rabbi/Educator David Burstein Fridays 7:30 p.m. Tot Shabbat 4th Friday, 5:30 p.m. Saturdays 10 a.m. 5275 Marshall Rd., Wash. Twp. 4353400. Temple Beth Sholom Reform Rabbi Haviva Horvitz See Web site for schedule. 610 Gladys Dr., Middletown. 513-422-8313. Temple Israel Reform Rabbi David M. Sofian Rabbi/Educator Karen Bodney-Halasz 1st & 2nd Fri., 6 p.m. Other Fri., 7:30 p.m. Tot Shabbat 4th Fri., 6 p.m. Sat., 10:30 a.m. 130 Riverside Dr., Dayton. 496-0050. Temple Sholom Reform Fridays 6 p.m. 2424 N. Limestone St., Springfield. 399-1231.

ADDITIONAL SERVICES Chabad of Greater Dayton Rabbi Nochum Mangel Associate Rabbi Shmuel Klatzkin Youth & Prog. Dir. Rabbi Levi Simon. Beginner educational service Saturdays 9 a.m. adults, 10 a.m children. 2001 Far Hills Ave. 643-0770. Yellow Springs Havurah Independent Services 1st & 3rd Saturdays, 10-noon. Antioch College Rockford Chapel. Contact Cheryl Levine, 937-767-9293. PAGE 28

The girl in the red coat

transcripts and taped testimonies at the trial of Adolph Eichmann. Survivor Dr. Martin Földi answered questions posed And though the 15-year-old depict a rabbi teaching children to him by Israeli prosecuting By Rabbi Judy Chessin attorney, Gavriel Bach. skater stated that the song their Hebrew alphabet. Temple Beth Or, and Chair, Földi was asked to describe The song’s haunting last Synagogue Forum of Dayton didn’t have any deep meaning for her, Yulia’s program verse warns that, when the chil- the infamous selection process We cheered when gymnast dren grow older, then they will at the gates of Auschwitz. Földi Aly Raisman wowed the crowd was choreographed by former Olympic ice-dancing medalist, understand how many tears lie described how he and his son with her floor performance to were sent to the right and his Ilia Averbukh, a Russian Jew. in those time-honored letters. the strains of Hava Nagila at It has even been posited The song is prophetic, for the wife and his little daughter, the 2012 Summer Olympics in that the music was perfect for child actress who portrayed the clad in a red coat, were sent to London. It was with less enthe left. a diminutive, selfgirl in the red coat, thusiasm that critics hailed the But the SS officer changed his contained, and not Oliwia Dabrowska, 15-year-old Russian ice skater, mind and told Földi’s son to go was only 3 years old Yulia Lipnitskaya, when she be- yet sophisticated or instead to the left and join his nuanced performer, when she played the mother and sister. Momentarily evoking the very innorole. Földi panicked. How would his cence of the girl in the Director Steven Spielberg warned her 11-year-old son find his mother came the youngest person ever red coat in Spielberg’s and sister among the thousands movie. during the filming to win Winter Olympic gold, Who was the girl not to view the movie of people moving off to the left? performing to the theme song But then he felt relieved. Surely in the red coat in until she was 18. from Schindler’s List in Sochi in the little girl’s red coat would Schindler’s List? In the The actress actually February. be “like a beacon” so that the city of Krakow, Oskar Rabbi Judy Chessin watched it when she Immediately, social media boy could join his mother and Schindler runs a facwas 11, and was hormocked her performance as sister. Little did Földi know “Schindler’s List: On Ice!” Slate tory in which he employs cheap rified — angry at her parents Jewish labor. As Schindler wit— for allowing her to be cast in that the line to the left went to Magazine called the musical the gas chambers. “I never saw nesses the terrifying liquidation the role. Only when she grew choice vulgar and Salon magaof the Jewish ghetto by the Naup did she become proud of the them again,” he concluded. zine said the use of the 1993 After this zis, his eye is caught by a tiny role she played. Academy Award-winning Holocaust testimony, Israel’s girl in a red coat (one of the few When Polish theme song “raises questions images in color in a black-andpainter Roma of taste and respect,” even representations prosecuting attorney Gavriel white film) being rounded up. Ligocka, cousquestioning its sportsmanin art and in Bach became visOnly later does Schindler see ins with Roman ship. Lipnitskaya’s choice of a ibly overcome. It the child’s corpse with its red Polanski, saw the sports walk red costume evoked the iconic seemed that he had coat atop a pile of dead bodmovie, she was image of the murdered 3-yeara fine line just bought a red certain that she old child in the movie and was ies ready to be hauled off and between coat for his own burned by the Nazis to destroy was the girl, for therefore, manipulative. After little daughter. the evidence of their heinous she stood out in all, what judge could vote becoming Holocaust repthe Krakow ghetto against the murdered girl in the crimes. evocative and resentations in art It is this image, the girl in as the owner of a red coat? manipulative. and in sports walk the red coat, which galvanized red coat. Others disagreed, citing the a fine line between Schindler to create his famous The coat actuuse of the John William’s score list and to try to save the lives ally saved her life, for when she becoming evocative and mato Schindler’s List for Olympic of his Jewish factory workers. fled to a Polish farmer’s family, nipulative. Art critics remind us ice skating competitions ever that portrayal of the Shoah in During the actual scene of the woman who answered the since the movie was made. any form runs the risks of hurtthe liquidation, the background door was charmed with her Paul Wyle skated to it in ing survivors’ feelings and senand said, “What a sweet little 1994, Katarina Witt (a German) music is not the movie theme strawberry.” However, Ligocka, sitivities, depicting the horrors in 1995, and even Israel’s sibling song, but rather the Yiddish folk song Oyfn Pripetchik, which unlike her fictional counterpart, of past events in inflammatory dance team, Roman and Alexways, trivializing the horror, means “by the hearth.” The survived the Holocaust. andra Zaretsky, in 2010. Another association with the and creating something even The haunting melody is filled Yiddish words, intoned by a possibly pleasurable, out of the children’s choir in the movie, red-coated girl appeared in the with drama and melancholy. hell that was the Holocaust. Thus did philosopher, ThePesach odor W. Adorno, intimate that Passover Candle there can be no poetry after April 15-22 Auschwitz. Lightings 15-22 Nisan And yet, as we now approach Eight-day festival Yom Hashoah, nearly 70 years Shabbat, April 4: 7:45 p.m. celebrating the Exodus of the after the events, it behooves our Israelites from Egypt. At the generation to keep the images Shabbat, April 11: 7:52 p.m. Seder (literally, the order of the and the stories alive. ritual meal — with stories and Erev Pesach, April 14: 7:55 p.m. In today’s world, sports figprayers), the Haggadah (the ures celebrate their goals with telling — the text of the Seder) First Eve Pesach antisemitic salutes (the quenelle April 15: 8:56 p.m. is read, and the story of the reverse Nazi salute) calling to Torah Portions Exodus is told. Matzah is eaten. mind the 1936 Berlin Olympics. Shabbat, April 18: 7:59 p.m. Thus will I tolerate, in fact April 5/5 Nisan Yom Hashoah even celebrate, that a JewSeventh Eve Pesach, Metzora (Lev. 14:1-15:33) Holocaust ish choreographer in Russia April 20: 8:01 p.m. Remembrance Day has seen the movie Schindler’s April 12/12 Nisan April 27/27 Nisan Eighth Eve Pesach, Acharei (Lev. 16:1-18:30) List, and that a 15-year-old ice Marked by April 21: 9:02 p.m. dancer is free to dress up as, but memorials for those who April 26/26 Nisan will never become, the girl in perished in the Holocaust. Shabbat, April 25: 8:06 p.m. Kedoshim (Lev. 19:1-20:27) the red coat.


April Nisan



Don’t pass over the post-Seder meals By Helen Nash, JTA Planning Passover meals is always a wonderful challenge. For the Seders, most of us focus on traditional family recipes because they are tried and proven, and because everyone likes them (and often asks for these favorites dishes). But what about the remaining six days of meals? Once the big Seder meals are done, it’s nice to be able to eat healthy, simple and flavorful meals for the rest of the week. An abundance of vegetables, fruits, poultry, meat, fish and fresh herbs can be incorporated into cooking on Passover. Here are some recipes that I make on Passover because they are easy to prepare and provide flexibility as to when they can be served — and they are quite delicious. Carrot-Ginger Soup Makes eight servings The apple and the ginger give this creamy soup, which is made without any cream, a bit of a bite. The ingredients are always available, so you can serve it in any season at any temperature — hot, cold or room. I must confess, though, that I love it best when the weather is warm.

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Helen Nash

Carrot-Ginger Soup, a creamy soup without using cream, can be served at any room temperature

2 Tbsp. extra virgin olive oil 1 medium onion, sliced 2 garlic cloves, quartered 13/4 lbs. carrots, peeled and sliced, plus 1 extra carrot for garnish 1 small Granny Smith apple, peeled and sliced 1-inch piece ginger, peeled and sliced 51/2 cups vegetable broth 1 Tbsp. freshly squeezed lemon juice Kosher salt Freshly ground black pepper

Helen Nash

Heat the oil in a medium saucepan. Add the onion, garlic, carrots, apple and ginger, and sauté for three minutes. Add the broth and bring to a boil over high heat. Lower the heat and cook, covered, about 30 minutes, until the carrots are tender. Cool a little. Purée the soup in a blender, in batches, until smooth. Return it to the saucepan. Season to taste with lemon juice, salt and pepper. Halibut Ceviche serves as an To prepare the garnish: Steam alternative to gefilte fish for an appetizer or light lunch the remaining carrot until just tender and grate. Before serv1/4 cup loosely packed ing, sprinkle each bowl with the cilantro leaves grated carrot. Freshly ground black pepper Butter lettuce Halibut Ceviche Slices of avocado Makes four servings Ceviche is a refreshing Place fish in a nonreactive appetizer that I make with fresh bowl and season with salt. Pour fish marinated in lime juice. The juice cooks the fish in a very short time, allowing it to turn opaque and firm. It can be served on a bed of butter lettuce with slices of avocado. It’s a wonderful alternative to gefilte fish for an appetizer or makes a nice, light lunch. 1 lb. skinless halibut cut into 1/4 inch cubes 1 tsp. kosher salt 1/3 cup lime juice, plus 2 Tbsp. 2 jalapeno peppers, seeded, finely chopped 2 scallions, including the green part, thinly sliced


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juice over fish and press down so the fish is submerged in the juice. Cover and refrigerate for one hour or until fish is opaque and firm. Drain off and discard the lime juice. Add peppers, scallions and cilantro to the fish. Just before serving add the remaining two tablespoons of lime juice and season to taste with salt and pepper. Chicken With Potatoes and Olives Makes four servings I am always pleased to come up with a dish that is a meal in itself, one that combines either chicken or meat with vegetables. This is one of my favorites. I bake it in an attractive casserole so it can go directly from the oven to the table. Continued on Page 30

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Drop the tomatoes into the boiling water; bring the water back Continued from Page 29 to a boil and drain. Core the tomatoes and slip off the skin. 5 Tbsp. extra virgin olive oil Cut the tomatoes in half widthwise and squeeze gently to 9 garlic cloves remove the seeds. (Some seeds Kosher salt will remain.) Cut the tomatoes 1/4 cup freshly squeezed in quarters. lemon juice B. Without Swirl - Smaller Yogurt Thickly slice the remaining Leaves from 10 thyme sprigs Freshly ground black pepper five garlic cloves and spread them in the prepared baking 4 boneless, skinless chicken pan along with the tomatoes, breasts (about 6 oz. each) potatoes, olives, the rest of the 5 plum tomatoes thyme leaves and the remaining 1 lb. Yukon gold potatoes, two tablespoons of oil. Season unpeeled, quartered to taste with salt and pepper. 1/2 cup pitted black olives, Roast the vegetables, uncovquartered ered, for 20 minutes, or until almost tender. Preheat the oven to 450 Place the chicken breasts on degrees. With one tablespoon of top of the vegetables and bake, the oil, grease a glass, ceramic or enamel-lined baking pan that uncovered, for five minutes. Turn them over, spoon on some can hold all the vegetables in a pan juices and bake for ansingle layer. other five minutes, or until the Coarsely chop four of the garlic cloves on a cutting board. chicken is slightly pink on the inside. Cover with foil for one Sprinkle with a half teaspoon minute. of salt and, using a knife, crush them into a paste. Place Roasted Cauliflower the paste in a small bowl and combine it with the lemon juice, Makes four servings Roasting is an easy and two tablespoons of the oil, half of the thyme leaves and pepper delicious way to transform this reliable standby into a to taste. wonderful dish. Pat dry the chicken breasts with paper towels and season 1 medium head cauliflower lightly on both sides with salt (about 2 lbs.) and pepper. Coat the chicken with the mixture and set aside. 2 garlic cloves, minced Bring a pot of water to a boil. 2 Tbsp. extra virgin olive oil

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Kosher salt Freshly ground black pepper Preheat the oven to 400. Line a baking pan with foil. Cut the stalk and leaves off the cauliflower and discard. Cut the head into small florets. Place the garlic in the baking pan. Arrange the florets on top; drizzle with the oil and season to taste with salt and pepper. Bake for 20 minutes, or until tender. Chocolate Meringue Squares Makes 31/2 dozen squares These meringue squares are like cookies, but they are light, chocolaty and surprisingly low in calories. They can be presented as cookies or cut into individual squares and served with either sorbet or fresh fruit on the side. 1 Tbsp. unsalted margarine, for greasing the pan 1/2 lb. blanched almonds 6 oz. good-quality imported semisweet chocolate, broken into small pieces 8 large egg whites (see note below) 1 cup sugar Preheat the oven to 350. Line a 9-x-13-x-2-inch baking pan with wax paper and grease the paper with the margarine. Chop the almonds in a food processor, in two batches, until medium-fine. Transfer to a bowl. Chop the chocolate in the processor until fine and combine with the almonds. Place the egg whites in the bowl of an electric stand mixer. Using the balloon whisk attachment, beat at high speed until foamy. Gradually add the sugar and beat until stiff. With a large rubber spatula, gently fold the chocolatealmond mixture into the egg whites, making a motion like a figure eight with the spatula. Do not over mix. Spoon the batter into the prepared pan and smooth the top. Bake on the middle shelf of the oven for 25 to 30 minutes, until a cake tester inserted in the center comes out almost dry. Cool on a wire rack. Invert onto a cutting board and peel off the paper. Cut into 11/2-inch squares. Notes: It is easier to separate the eggs straight from the refrigerator, when they are cold. Make sure the whites have come to room temperature before beating. To freeze the squares, place them side by side in an air-tight plastic container, with wax paper between the layers.



Newly kosher-for-Passover quinoa leaps onto your Seder table

hand-crafted pizzas and much more


Mollie Katzen

By Mollie Katzen, Vegetarians and especially vegans need some high-protein plant food with a bit of heft to keep them going during Passover, especially if observing the Ashkenazic tradition that forbids eating kitniyot—a category that includes legumes, most grains, and some seeds. Meat eaters also might want to break the monotony of potatoes, matzah, or matzah affiliates (farfel) in their carbohydrate options. Enter quinoa — the tiny, ancient, highly nutritious seed originally from Peru — to address the need. In December 2013, the Orthodox Union announced that quinoa will now be certified as kosher for Passover. Quinoa is delicious, texturally interesting, and compatible with enough other ingredients to give it a wonderful range on your Passover Seder table. Here are three savory quinoa dishes that celebrate not only Passover itself, but the spring season in general. Quinoa Pilaf with Asparagus and Leeks (Possibly stuffed into grilled portobello mushrooms) Serves six Enjoy this springy pilaf plain as a side dish, or heap it into grilled portobello mushrooms for more of an entrée. It’s cheerful, easy, and delicious. The pilaf keeps well in a tightly covered container in the refrigerator for up to five days and reheats easily in a microwave or on the stovetop. Same with the mushrooms. The best way to clean leeks is to cut them first (in this case, very thin circles) and then submerge them in a bowl of cold water. Swish them around, then lift them out and into a colander. Change the water and repeat, then spin and/or pat dry. 1 cup uncooked quinoa 11/2 cups water 1 Tbsp. olive oil (plus extra to taste) 1 heaping cup very thin leek rings (1 medium leek)— cleaned and dried 1 tsp. minced or crushed garlic 1/2 lb. asparagus, trimmed and cut into 1-inch pieces 1/2 teaspoon salt

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Quinoa pilaf with asparagus and leeks in a portobello mushroom

olive oil and swirl to coat the pan. Toss in the leek rings, and sauté for about five minutes. When the leek is very soft, add the garlic, asparagus, and a quarter teaspoon of the salt, and cook, stirring often, until the asparagus is just tender —about five minutes, depending on its Combine the quinoa and water in a saucepan. Bring to a thickness. Fork in the cooked, fluffed boil, lower the heat to the slowest possible simmer, cover, and quinoa, and stir to combine, adding the remaining quarter cook (with a heat diffuser, if available, inserted underneath) teaspoon salt and a generous until the grains are tender: 20 to amount of black pepper as you go. Stir in the feta as well. 30 minutes. Remove from the If the mixture seems dry, you heat and fluff with a fork to let can drizzle in a little extra olive steam escape. Set aside. oil. Serve hot or warm, plain or Place a large, deep skillet stuffed into mushrooms. over medium heat and wait Continued on Page 32 about a minute, then add the Black pepper 4 oz. feta cheese, cut into tiny dice Optional: Six 4-inch Portobello mushrooms, prepared for stuffing (see below)





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I am a

Sinai Scholar! Maxwell Johnson

Congregation: Beth Abraham Synagogue

save the Jewish people

In my free time I: Play What being a Sinai video games (MLB scholar means to me: 2k13, The Last of Us, A Sinai scholar thinks Battlefield), baseball, outside of the box hang out with friends, when it comes to solvspend time with family ing a problem. They try to find the best way to Favorite sport: Baseapproach situations in ball, because it’s the a manner that helps best sport ever!!! everyone. They want Sinai Scholar Maxwell Johnson to do the right/polite Favorite app: thing most of the time. Social media I use: Instagram Favorite subject: English Favorite vacation spot: Disney Favorite sports teams: Cincinnati World Reds, Carolina Panthers, Cleveland Cavaliers Coolest thing in Dayton: Going to Dragons Games Most inspired by: Oscar Schindler, due to the In 10 years I see myself: In culinary heroic ways he risked his life to school becoming a chef

‘Sinai has afforded Maxwell the opportunity to receive the best secular education around and the constant camaraderie and connection to our Dayton Jewish extended family for us both. Sinai has helped Maxwell broaden his thoughts and ideals in reference to Judaism. He loves MVS and Sinai. He always looks forward to new, exciting learning opportunities. We’ll always be eternally grateful to Lee and Patti Schear for this opportunity of a lifetime!’ — Sheryl Zawatsky, Maxwell’s mother

‘I am consistently impressed by Maxwell’s energy in the classroom. His wild sense of humor and sophisticated intelligence make a potent combination. In the future, I wouldn’t be surprised if he became the first celebrity chef to host Saturday Night Live...that’s how diverse his skill set is.’ — Tyler Benedict, English Instructor, The Miami Valley School

The Sinai Scholars foundation provides scholarships for qualified Jewish students in grades seven to twelve to attend The Miami Valley School — an award-winning independent school noted for its academic excellence. Sinai currently supports 23 students at MVS with Judaics classes included as part of the curriculum.

Now accepting Miami Valley/Sinai Scholar applications for 2014-15! Contact Susan Strong at MVS, 434-4444 or Patti Schear at Sinai, 367-8168. PAGE 32


Continued from Page 31

Grilled Portobello Mushrooms directions: Here is a way of cooking portobellos that greatly firms them up and condenses their flavor, getting them ready to stuff — or to simply enjoy plain. Remove the mushroom stems, and wipe the caps clean with a damp paper towel. Place a heavy skillet over medium heat for about two minutes. Add a little olive oil, wait about 30 seconds, then swirl to coat the pan. Place the mushrooms cap-side down in the hot oil, and let them cook undisturbed for about 10 minutes. Turn them over and cook on the other side for 10 minutes, then flip them over one more time, to cook for about 5 to 10 more minutes on their cap side once again.

Shake the formed batter into the pan, and cook on both sides until golden and crisp. Depending on your pan and your stove, this will take approximately five minutes (or perhaps a little longer) per side. Serve hot or warm. Speckled Quinoa Salad Serves five or more Fluffy quinoa combines beautifully with an assortment of colorful vegetables, apples, currants, and almonds to make a bright lunch salad, laced with olive oil, lemon, and honey. The contrasting textures are fun and refreshing, and the palette becomes even more interesting if you use red quinoa. Roasted almond oil can swap in for some or all of the olive oil. You can add more vegetables, if you like. The amounts and type are flexible.

1 cup quinoa 11/2 cups water 1 to 2 finely minced scallions (whites Green Onion-Quinoa Cakes and reasonable greens) Serves five (about 10 A handful of flat-leaf Mollie Katzen parsley, finely minced cakes) using 1/4 cup measure to scoop the 1/2 a medium-sized batter apple, chopped small These appealing and 1 medium-sized carrot, tasty disks are crisp on minced the outside and fork1/2 a medium-sized tender throughout. red bell pepper, minced They’re wonderful as A handful of currants a breakfast or brunch 1/2 tsp. salt (or to taste) entrée, topped with 2 Tbsp. fresh lemon salsa or with strips of juice Speckled quinoa salad roasted red pepper 2 Tbsp. light-colored (OK to use some from honey a jar, for convenience, if it complies A handful of almonds, chopped and with your kashrut). This is also a fun lightly toasted side dish or appetizer. You can make the batter and even form the cakes up Optional: to two days ahead of time, and store Sliced or minced radishes it — covered — in the refrigerator. No Finely minced red onion need to bring it to room temperature Finely minced celery and/or fennel before frying. bulb 1 cup uncooked quinoa 11/2 cups water 4 scallions, very finely minced (whites and reasonable greens) 1/2 tsp. salt Black pepper 2 large eggs beaten Butter for the pan Nonstick spray Combine the quinoa and water in a saucepan. Bring to a boil, lower the heat to the slowest possible simmer, cover, and cook (with a heat diffuser, if available, inserted underneath) until the grains are tender, 20 to 30 minutes. Remove from the heat and fluff with a fork to let steam escape. Add the scallions, salt, pepper, and beaten eggs, and stir well to combine. (It’s fine if the quinoa is still hot.) Meanwhile, melt some butter in a heavy skillet over medium-low, and swirl to coat the pan. Lightly spray a quarter-cup measure (ideally one with a handle) with nonstick spray, and use it to scoop the batter, evening off the top with a knife, to form neat cakes.

Combine the quinoa and water in a saucepan. Bring to a boil, lower the heat to the slowest possible simmer, cover, and cook (with a heat diffuser, if available, inserted underneath) until the grains are tender, 20 to 30 minutes. Remove from the heat and fluff with a fork to let steam escape, then let it cool to room temperature. Continue to fluff as it cools, to assure the grains stay separate. Transfer the cooled quinoa to a medium-sized bowl. Add the vegetables and currants, and stir to combine, sprinkling with the salt as you go. In a separate small bowl combine the olive oil, lemon juice, and honey, and whisk to blend. Pour this into the quinoa and vegetables, mixing to thoroughly combine. Serve at room temperature, or cover, chill, and serve cold. Stir in the almonds shortly before serving. Mollie Katzen has been named by Health Magazine as one of The Five Women Who Changed the Way We Eat. Her most recent book is The Heart of the Plate: Vegetarian Recipes for a New Generation. THE DAYTON JEWISH OBSERVER • APRIL 2014


Sure, it’s known as the holiday of national liberation. Just don’t try to convince anyone who’s been spending countless hours cleaning for Passover. But just remember you’re not alone: there are plenty of people who want to share their tips, and stories of toil and joy. You can’t get much more user-friendly than a web page with the title, How to do your Pesach Cleaning Happily in Less than One Day.

Mark Mietkiewicz In it, Rabbi Shlomo Aviner passes along the basics: how to deal with children’s clothing, medicines and toiletries, high chairs, cars, and of course, the kitchen. He concludes, “In light of what is written above, it should take about an hour to clean the house, another hour for the dining room, and two-three hours to kasher the kitchen. In short, about one day (http://bit. ly/passclean1).” On the other hand, there’s Stephanie Savir. I’m sure she means well. She really does. But if you look at her site and haven’t started your own cleaning, perhaps you should just file away Stephanie’s advice for next year. Her Ten Tips for Reducing Pesach Pressure includes advice for what to do “7 weeks before Passover: Review and copy recipes; Buy paper goods and cleaning supplies.” At 6 weeks: “Buy Yom Tov outfits for family; Clean bedrooms.” At 5 weeks: “Clean basement and cars” and so on ( passclean2). Before he gets into the nitty and the gritty, Rabbi Moshe Finkelstein explains why modern Passover causes cleaning angst. In the past, wealthy people who lived in large homes often had many servants to do their cleaning. Poor people who could not afford servants lived in small homes with one or two rooms. “Today, we seem to be caught in a trap.” Our homes are larger. Furniture, utensils

account for the remainder and clothing are more plenti( ful. But we don’t have the If you’re feeling overservants to do the cleaning. So whelmed cleaning for your the weeks before the holiday army, be thankful you don’t become filled with cleaning have a real one to worry about (” like the Israel Defense Forces. Whether or not you enjoy Just imagine the logistics of cleaning, do take care with locking away a sea of cutting those industrial strength cleansers. Yona Amitai, a senior boards, knives, deep fryers, strainers and frying pans toxicologist at Hadassah-Unibefore hauling out 110 tons of versity Hospital in Jerusalem matzah meal and 25,000 liters warns that “the number of acof grape juice ( cidental poisonings of children passclean5). from cleaning fluid triples Finally, in the going overduring the two or three weeks board department, here are before Passover.” some homeowners who have Amitai also advises parents way too much to be extra time — and cautious when If you’re feeling aluminum cleaning out foil — on their medicine cabi- overwhelmed hands. nets to ensure cleaning for your In their drugs don’t army, be thankful tongue-inend up in the photo hands of chilyou don’t have a cheek essay, they dren (http://bit. ly/passclean3). real one to worry have enveloped everything in The late tin foil that Jerusalem Post about like the may have ever humorist Sam Israel Defense had contact Orbaum set his Forces. with chametz sights on the including their annual cleancouch and corner tables. ing ritual, and his wife’s rush But why stop there when to chuck out the non-kosher for Passover food including a jar of you can also foil over your television, lamps, dresser and date spread. for good measure, a teddy “Whoa there. That’s the one commandment I do observe re- bear, toothpaste and toilet, too ligiously: Thou shalt not throw ( Well, I guess that’s a wrap. away perfectly good food. We Have a chag kasher v’samayach have an understanding in my — a kosher and happy holiday. home: the kids get first dibs, what they leave over we offer Mark Mietkiewicz may be reached the cat, what the cat doesn’t at, when he want is my supper.” isn’t cleaning. He continues, “So that’s why, the other night, we all sat down to a delicious meal of honeyed date spread patties appy assover with marshmallow topping (left over from Lag Ba’Omer) on a bed of lemon wafers (Purim). When I asked the kids what they’d like for dessert, they begged for broccoli (http://” I’m not quite sure how they conducted their survey but according to the Brandman Research Institute, 43 million man-hours are spent in Israel in cleaning preparations for Passover. Curious use of the term “man-hours” since the study found that 29 million cleaning hours are done by women and 11 million hours by men. People paid to clean

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Haggadah: a freedom story Pesach is approaching and as we do every year, we are about to gather as a family to celebrate the Seder night. At the center of the celebration is the reading of the Haggadah, a recitation, which directs the order of the Seder and introduces the theme and the tenor of the holiday.

Dr. Rachel Zohar Dulin

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Let us explore the meaning of the word Haggadah and better understand what makes this night different from all other nights on the Jewish calendar. The tradition of celebrating the Seder is very old. The Mishnah recorded it (P’sachim 10), and the Haggadah itself testifies that on one Seder night, most likely during the Roman era (circa 132 C.E.), a distinguished group of rabbis spent the entire night discussing the significance of the Exodus.

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other stories in the Bible. Through the years, stories, It follows the biblical compoems, blessings, prayers and mand, “Vehigadeta levincha, You tangible symbols centering shall tell your son…what the on the theme of freedom and Lord did for me when I went celebration of renewal were added to enhance the telling of free from Egypt (Ex. 13:8).” Vehigadeta, which is also dethe story. rived from the root ngd, means After a long process of edittell, say, relate or narrate, as ing, the Haggadah received its final form, probably around the well as announce, declare, reveal or make known. sixth or seventh century C.E. Choosing the verb vehigaThe oldest recorded Haggadah deta by the biblican be found in R. cal writer was not Saadia Gaon‘s siddur The name accidental. The (prayer book) dated Haggadah multiple meaning of to the 10th century C.E. and the first fits the book, the verb lehagid enhances the message, printed Haggadah is which tells making the story of dated to 1482 C.E. What does the the story of the Exodus central to Israel’s historiword Haggadah freedom cal experience and mean? Haggadah is thereby solidifya rendition, a lecture. ing her relationship with God It derives from the root ngd, which in most instances means through history. Indeed, the title Haggadah oppose, in front of or against. befits the book we read on the However, neged also means to rise, be high, or be conspicu- Seder night for it is the educational tool which imprints ous. The name Haggadah fits the story of freedom on our the book, which tells the story national consciousness. of freedom, for this is a literAs we celebrate the Seder ary collection, which raises the night, may we all join in the story of the Exodus above all mitzvah (commandment) of vehigadeta levincha as we continue in the tradition of the Haggadah, to celebrate the gift of freedom, telling the story in song and with joy.


Dr. Rachel Zohar Dulin is a professor of biblical literature at Spertus College in Chicago and an adjunct professor of Bible and Hebrew at New College of Florida. She lectures and writes in the fields of Hebrew language and biblical literature.

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Hadassah Continued from Page Six Kaplan said. “They gave overly large discounts to the providers, even though we give the same kind of service to Israelis.” The Hadassah women’s organization first noted the hospital’s deteriorating finances in 2008 and asked administrators to make changes. At the time, the executive vice president of the women’s organization, Barbara Goldstein, said the hospital had no idea which departments were making money and which were losing. The women’s organization funds nearly all of the hospital’s research and development budget, including $250 million toward the construction of the Davidson tower. It funds 4 percent of the hospital’s daily operations budget, and over the years also has stepped in to cover deficits in the $570 million operating budget. From 2000 to 2012, the organization gave $885 million to the hospital. The 2008 recession and the Bernard Madoff Ponzi scheme, which cost the women’s organization tens of millions of dollars, hurt the group’s ability to funnel large sums to the hospital. Goldstein told JTA that the women’s organization has appointed a representative to attend hospital board meetings in an effort to exercise greater oversight. But she also acknowledged that the organization’s willingness to make up for past budgetary shortfalls contributed to the current crisis. “They always think we’ll always come through,” Goldstein said. “There were many times when a director-general called and said, ‘Maccabi owes us 20 million, can we borrow it from you?’ It’s like loaning money to kids.” Unlike his predecessors, Kaplan is not a physician. He holds a doctorate in medical administration and previously served as the CEO of Israel Aircraft Industries. He told JTA that the key to resolving the crisis is cutting staff and salaries. Goldstein predicted that Kaplan will have the hospital on a sound financial footing within five years. Hospital staffers understand that cuts will be a necessary part of the restructuring, she said. “I don’t think they’ll strike again,” Goldstein said. “Either they’re going to survive and move forward, or there’s going to be nothing.”

OBITUARIES Raymond L. Smith, 92, of Atlanta, passed away peacefully on March 6. A 12year survivor of lung cancer, he was preceded in death by his loving wife of 67 years, Esther; and his younger siblings, Vern Smith and Mildred Smith Byrne. Born in Dayton to Frieda and Ben Smith of blessed memory, Mr. Smith attended The Ohio State University before serving as a lieutenant in the U.S. Army during World War II. Longtime members of Beth Abraham Synagogue in Dayton, he and Esther moved to Atlanta in 2002 to be closer to their family, and joined Congregation Or VeShalom. Mr. Smith enjoyed playing bridge and golf and will be remembered as the pillar of his family. He is

survived by his daughters, Deborah Smith Nelson (Bruce) and Barbara Wendy Ziff (Tom); grandchildren, Zachary Nelson, David Ziff, and Erin Slosburg (Jake); greatgrandson, Philip Slosburg; and many nieces and nephews. An online guestbook is available at www.edressler. com. Memorial donations may be sent to Congregation Or VeShalom, 1681 N. Druid Hills Rd. NE, Atlanta, GA 30319, www.orveshalom. org; to the American Cancer Society,; or to Beth Abraham Synagogue, 305 Sugar Camp Cir., Dayton, OH 45409, www. Interment was at Arlington Memorial Park in Sandy Springs, Ga.

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Mishpacha & Menschlichkeit

become biblically literate. Here are three. The Bible is wisdom literature, offering timeless inThe Jewish Family Identity Forum sights about nature, reality, and virtue. The Bible is a key source of Western Civilization and, more importantly, America’s founding principles. The Bible is the origin of much of our culture: language, literature, the visual arts and music. Simply put, the Bible enriches life in a way that nothing else can. You probably think most either. American students So why aren’t we sharing people in Western society might fare somewhat better but the Bible with our children should be able to answer, “Who I wouldn’t count on it. and grandchildren, not just in was Moses?” with at least a Yet many adults — even fourth grade but also from the tale or two about this biggerthe biblically illiterate — becradle to college and beyond? than-life biblical character. But, lieve knowledge of the bibliDon’t know the Bible stories? in the 21st century, he may be cal stories is important, the Go online and study. Or, better the only universally familiar survey notes. Public schools yet, add some of the wonderacross America also believe ful Jewish children’s and adult it’s important; in more than 40 books of Bible stories and comstates, schools currently offer Candace R. biblical literacy as a high school mentaries to your coffee tables and bookshelves. elective. Kwiatek I have multiple bookshelves Even college professors agree filled with great Bibles and almost without exception that related resources, with a whole biblical literacy is a crucial part section already started for my Bible figure. My Sinai high of a good education, calling the grandkids’ visits. school students, for example, Bible “the most If our Jewish And don’t let them had no idea that Solomon — a influential text gather dust. Be a rather key biblical figure — in all of Western children aren’t good role model was known for his wisdom culture.” growing up with and read your own and authored Proverbs. Finally, You’d think recognizing the famous story that, as the the Bible from biblical literature. Bible stories of Solomon’s cleverness when original People their youngest Read to your children faced with two mothers each of the Book, we’d years, they are and grandchildren claiming a child as her own, be doing a better – on laps, on CDs, they responded, “Oh yeah, I job. You’d think growing up as on Skype. think we learned that in fourth we would want Find some of grade.” to learn what’s in orphans. the Bible stories Sadly, my students aren’t the Covenant we challenging or troubling, boring unique in their lack of biblical “sign” every time we have an or debatable? So what did you knowledge. Findings from a aliyah to the Torah. expect with a name like Israel, recently released British Bible You’d think that hearing which means to struggle with Society survey indicate that the Torah read year after year God? Explore some commennearly half of youths from 8 from beginning to end would taries to see what you might be to 15 don’t know that Noah’s make us at least somewhat missing. Look for archaeologiArk is a biblical tale. A third or biblically literate. You’d think cal or historical corollaries that more of the hundreds surveyed that the modern fads of family enliven your mental picture. couldn’t securely identify the scrapbooking,, Spend your time looking for Bible as the source for Adam and multi-generational novels truths — values, understandand Eve, David and Goliath, would pale next to sharing our ing, and wisdom — rather than Samson and Delilah, or Jonah family’s story from more than for facts. This, too, can be great — and at least a quarter had 3,000 years ago. role modeling for children and never even heard these stories, As central as the Bible is a great way to engage them in or those of the Creation, Joseph, to the Jewish people, there the Bible. Moses, Daniel, or Solomon are also universal reasons we Think youngsters won’t like Bible stories? The British survey found that at least a Literature to share third of their youth participants Unscrolled, edited by Roger Bennet. You’ve heard rabbinic of all ages — who knew next to commentaries and sermons on the Bible, but how would nothing about the Bible — were an artist approach the text? What might you learn from an interested in engaging more architect or an actor? Could a musician or screenwriter offer with biblical literature. a new insight? This “reboot book” is a creative and engaging American publishers of new look at the 54 weekly Torah readings through the eyes biblical books and videos have of leading Jewish millennials. Definitely worth exploring. found a profitable audience, with new titles for young chilThe Boy on the Wooden Box: A Memoir by Leon Leyson. dren and teens appearing every Straightforward, inspirational, and deeply moving for year. And the Bible has some all ages, this middle-school narrative shares the unlikely distinctly kid-friendly literary survival story of the author, one of the youngest members advantages: on Oskar Schindler’s famous list. He went on to become an • It’s a story about family, American citizen, a veteran, and a teacher. A must-read. about real people who are fal-

Moses isn’t enough

A look at the Holy Book series

lible and lovable; • It’s filled with action, adventure, and travel; • It addresses real-life topics like envy, desire, retribution, and discouragement; • It shows the nature of the world: free choice, consequences, and orderliness; • It provides values to live by, wisdom in memorable stories or proverbs; • Its stories often involve conflicting values, with multiple right answers; • It has lots of “holes” that invite scholarly and personal midrash (biblical storytelling); • It’s a series book, and kids love nothing better than…to be continued. If our Jewish children aren’t growing up with the Bible from their youngest years, they are growing up as orphans. Links to a large part of their family

history are lost: Father Abraham and joyous Miriam, forgiving Joseph and clever Esther. As great as he was, Moses just isn’t enough. In the same way, when they aren’t learned and explored in their biblical context, rituals and holidays become quaint and puzzling practices, mitzvot (commandments) become optional good deeds, and Israel becomes just another modern upstart. Give back to our kids and grandkids and students their inheritance: bring the Bible back into their lives. Family Discussion: What are you going to do this year to make the Bible a bit more central in your life? How could you bring it more into the lives of your kids or grandkids or students? Start by making this year’s afikomen gift a Jewish Bible story.

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With The Story of the Jews, Simon Schama returns to roots BBC to tackle Jewish history using what By Penny Schwartz, JTA he calls a marriage between word and BOSTON — For decades, Simon image. “I knew I had to have a go at this Schama has dazzled the public with epic books and popular television documenta- before I died,” he said. In the opening frames of the first ries on topics ranging from Rembrandt to episode, In the Beginning, Schama tells the French Revolution. viewers that from an early age he was The British-born historian garnered drawn to Jewish history, a story of “sufan International Emmy with his 2006 fering and resilience, endurance and television series creativity.” The Power of Art, “It’s the story that made me want to while his book be a historian,” he explains. Rough Crossings, about escaped slaves In one scene, Schama walks through who joined the British cause during the ruins of a historical site in upper Egypt, American Revolution, won the National using as his guide the Elephantine PaBook Critics Circle Award. pyri, a collection of fifth-century B.C.E. But not since his earliest writings had manuscripts that illuminate life in a Schama, a professor of art history and town of Jewish soldiers and their famihistory at Columbia University in New lies, from property disputes to marital York, focused on Jewish topics. squabbles. With The Story of the Jews, the 69-yearThe second episode, Among Believold Schama returns to his Jewish roots in ers, traces the lives of Jews living under what is perhaps his most personal work. Christian and Islamic The five-part television Tim Kirby/Oxford Film & Television rule through the Spanseries, covering 3,000 years ish Expulsion. The third of Jewish history, will be installment, A Leap of broadcast on PBS beginFaith, explores the Enning March 25. It aired last lightenment in Europe, fall on the BBC to critical including a portrait of the and popular acclaim in 19th-century GermanBritain. Jewish opera composer “There are those who Giacomo Meyerbeer, think the point of history whose popular works is almost self-discovery drew antisemitic attacks and those who take the Simon Schama visits the site of from Richard Wagner. opposite view, that it’s As a documentary about writing about people the Temple Mount in Jerusalem maker obsessed with removed from you in time all aspects of the craft, from editing to and place. That’s pretty much where I planted my flag until later in life,” he told sound, Schama says he is most proud of the fourth episode, Over the Rainbow. JTA in a telephone interview, explaining In the segment, he travels from the lost his previous professional remove from world of the shtetls to Tin Pan Alley and Jewish history. Hollywood and back to a Europe on the Schama points to his more recent road toward Nazi destruction. works on British and American history Schama’s visit to a forest town in as instances when he began to tackle subLithuania, where his mother’s family jects closer to his personal experience. once lived as loggers, is dramatic and “I realized there was something to be poignant. In America, Schama looks at said for proximity that made no pretense the life of Yip Harburg, who wrote the of dispassion,” he said. lyrics to Brother, Can You Spare a Dime? Schama, who grew up attending and the songs in The Wizard of Oz. London’s Golders Green Synagogue The final episode, “Return,” examwith his parents, says he is no longer as ines the impact of the Holocaust and the religiously observant. But the television creation of the state of Israel. series showcases his continued affection A self-described “clear two-state Zifor Jewish tradition: Schama is shown at his family’s Passover Seder; in Jerusalem, onist,” Schama does not shy away from tackling the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. he notes that he celebrated his Bar MitzHe interviews an Israeli living with his vah nearby. family in a West Bank settlement and a Accompanying the five-hour series is Palestinian whose village was destroyed a lavishly illustrated two-volume comduring Israel’s War of Independence. panion book of the same title. The first “It’s important to acknowledge what volume, released in March, takes readers befell the Palestinians,” he told JTA, but from ancient times through the 1492 ex“no one could watch and think I wasn’t pulsion of Jews from Spain. The second, a passionate champion of Israel. I am.” which advances the story to the present, Schama says he is especially interis due out in the fall. ested in reaching non-Jews who are not Schama says that many years ago, he did make an abortive attempt at writing a necessarily well informed about Jewish history. history of the Jews. “The problem, especially outside of “I was too close to the subject,” he said. “Maybe there were too many uncles the U.S., is that Jewish history is framed by the Holocaust and the (Israeli-Paland aunties in the way.” estinian) conflict. It generates a kind of On his new project, Schama embraced truculent polemics,” he said. the opportunity offered to him by the



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The Dayton Jewish Observer, April 2014  
The Dayton Jewish Observer, April 2014  

Dayton, Ohio's Jewish Monthly