The Dayton Jewish Observer, November 2018

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60-year friendship, 112 Meals years in the making p. 20p. 22 DavidAMoss designs Grace After comic book form November 2018 Cheshvan/Kislev 5779 Vol. 23, No. 3

Published by the Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton

The Miami Valley’s Jewish Monthly • Online at Feast of Giving

Giving thanks for 50th feast

40th Ryterband Symposium


Jewish Theological Seminary Professor Dr. Benjamin Sommer

Haley’s game change at U.N.



Stephanie Keith/Getty Images

Amb. Nikki Haley

New ADL regional dir.

Address Service Requested

Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton 525 Versailles Drive Dayton, OH 45459


Feast of Giving, Thanksgiving in Dayton Co-Chairs (L to R) Dr. Stephen Levitt, Mike Shane, Dr. Thomas Olsen

ADL Regional Dir. Rabbi Jeremy Pappas


40th Ryterband Symposium

Wishing You a Happy Thanksgiving

Dr. Benjamin Sommer, professor of Bible and ancient Semitic languages with Jewish Theological Seminary, will be the keynote speaker for the 40th Annual Ryterband Symposium, on Thursday, Nov. 8 at United Theological Seminary, 4501 Denlinger Rd., Trotwood. Sommer joined the JTS faculty as professor of Bible in 2008. Previously, he served as director of the Crown Family Center for Jewish Studies at Northwestern University, where he taught since 1994. He is also the editor of the Psalms volumes of the Jewish Publication Society Bible Commentary series, and is writing the first book of that fivevolume set. At 4 p.m., Sommer will discuss his book The Bodies of God and the World of Ancient Israel, in which he addresses perceptions of divine embodiment in ancient Israel and how these perceptions reappear in later Jewish philosophy and mysticism. At 7:30 p.m., he’ll present a lecture about his book Revelation and Authority: Sinai in Jewish Scripture and Tradition, which explores how biblical authors and contemporary theologians understand

Jewish Theological Seminary Professor Dr. Benjamin Sommer

the process of revelation and as a result, the authority of the law. The Ryterband Symposium is a collaborative project of United Theological Seminary, the University of Dayton, and Wright State University, and is facilitated by Dr. Mark Verman, Zusman Professor of Judaics at Wright State. Both lectures are free and open to the public. For more information, contact Verman at 775-2461.

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A delegation of Jewish, Muslim, and Christian women from Israel will share stories of how they have developed strong friendships when they facilitate the Partnership2Gether program, Women Leading A Dialogue: A Multicultural Women’s Empowerment Dinner, at 5:30 p.m. on Wednesday, Nov. 14 at the Boonshoft CJCE, 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville. A project of the Jewish Federation under the auspices of the Jewish Agency

for Israel, Partnership2Gether connects 14 Jewish communities in the central United States and Budapest, Hungary to Israel’s Western Galilee region. Its goal is to build relationships and strengthen global Jewish identity through a network of people who exchange ideas and programs. The cost of the vegetarian dinner is $15. R.S.V.P. by Nov. 2 to 610-1555 or at

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IN THIS ISSUE Calendar of Events.......................17

O p i n i o n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 9

Family Education............................24


Kvelling Corner............................18

Re l i g i o n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22

N o s h e r. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 5




Giving thanks for 50th feast

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937-477-4734 Above: Feast of Giving, Thanksgiving in Dayton 2017. Left: Feast Co-Chairs (L to R) Dr. Stephen Levitt, Mike Shane, Dr. Thomas Olsen.

1969, the Beerman Family Foundation sponsored the Beerman Annual Thanksgiving Day Dinner. By Marshall Weiss “In the fall of 1969, my father The Observer had a very, very serious heart It might be the largest attack and was in the hospital,” Thanksgiving dinner served in Barbara Weprin, daughter of the United States. But what’s Elder-Beerman founder Arthur most important to the organizBeerman, tells The Observer. ers of Dayton’s annual Feast “There was such a tremenof Giving — who will host the dous outpouring of concern and event’s 50th dinner Nov. 22 at support from the entire Dayton the Dayton Convention Center — is that no one should be alone community, that he decided to do a Thanksgiving dinner for on Thanksgiving. the community, for the hungry, “It’s one of the great assets of the Dayton area,” says Mike Dayton Daily News Collection, Special Collections & Archives, Wright State Univ. Shane, who co-chairs the Feast of Giving with Dr. Stephen Levitt and Dr. Thomas Olsen. “They’re the guys who saved it,” Shane says of his two cochairs. “Without Mike Shane, we would not be here today,” Levitt adds. This year’s dinner will be the 10th since Levitt and Olsen, partners in their dermatology practice, stepped up to keep it going. Shane, the former chairBarbara Weprin and her mother, man of Lastar, joined the project Jessie Beerman, plan the 1978 nine years ago. Beerman Annual Thanksgiving For 40 years beginning in Day Dinner The Adventures of

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the needy and the lonely,” she adds. “And he stressed that it was not just for needy people but for people who were lonely and had no place to share a holiday.” Beerman died in 1970 and the family continued to fund the din- Arthur Beerman ner at Wampler’s Ballarena in the Hara Arena complex, with donations from community businesses, and with hundreds of volunteers. In 1988, the family moved the free dinner to the more centrally-located Dayton Convention Center, where it’s been held ever since. Two months before Thanksgiving in 2009, the Beerman family announced that the 2008 dinner — its 40th — was its last one. Barbara Weprin and her husband, William Weprin, had moved to Florida, and said they planned to focus more on supporting public charities through their foundation. “Tom came to me and said, ‘Hey, maybe we should do Continued on next page

From the editor’s desk Thanksgiving is as widely embraced in the Jewish community as it is in the general population of the United States. The Pilgrims looked to the Bible, to the Jewish harvest festival of Sukkot, when they held the first Marshall Thanksgiving meal with their Native Weiss American neighbors. Similar to the narrative of the Pilgrims — among the earliest immigrants from Europe to settle in America — we show our appreciation for all the good things in our lives that came about from our journey here to be free of persecution, free to practice our beliefs as we see fit. Now in its 50th year, the community Thanksgiving feast in Dayton, strongly supported by Jewish donors and volunteers since its inception, shows that thanks and giving are intertwined. Each year, there is a waiting list of those who want to volunteer for the dinner. Some years, it has run into the thousands. As the co-chairs of Feast of Giving remind us, Dayton is a community of volunteers who give the gift of themselves and their time.

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Temple Beth Or’s Annual Artisan Fair with Brisket Lunch


50th Thanksgiving feast Continued from previous page

Feast of Giving

Sunday, December 2, 9a to 2p Artisan crafts and specialty items. Brisket lunch $9 a plate. Takeout brisket $18 a pound. Chopped liver $5 a half-pound. No entrance fee for shoppers. Open to the public!

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Today...and for Generations PAGE 4

Editor and Publisher Marshall Weiss 937-853-0372 Contributors Rachel Haug Gilbert Candace R. Kwiatek Rabbi Tina Sobo Advertising Sales Executive Patty Caruso,

Volunteers serve dinner at the Feast of Giving, Thanksgiving in Dayton 2017

something,’” Levitt recalls. “So we got the ball rolling, got in touch with Fox 45. Ben Weprin, who was local had heard about it, he was working with Art Smith, one of the Iron Chefs who does a lot of charitable work, and we all got together and started this program. There was never a gap.” During the basketball season after the dinner’s reboot, Levitt was sitting at a UD basketball game with Shane right behind him. “Mike asked me about it and said, ‘I’d like to get involved,’” Levitt says. “My father-in-law was a Beerman employee, so I saw him going to this every year,” Shane says of the dinner. “When the opportunity came that I could participate, I thought this is really awesome.” It was Shane, Olsen says, who organized the operation to run efficiently and effectively. Approximately 400 volunteers serve between 6,500 and 9,500 guests (depending on weather) the complete dinner, which includes two tons of turkey, donated by Cooper Farms in Van Wert. “The docs’ vision was they didn’t want anyone to go without a hot Thanksgiving meal,” Shane says. “They didn’t want people to be eating alone. They wanted them to have a central place to congregate and celebrate. And that’s how we built the passion of the team. And there is a large team. Our steering committee is at least 15 people and each has a little piece. We don’t have any paid staff.” The Feast of Giving is now a non-profit through the Dayton Foundation. Levitt says he and his co-chairs are among the feast’s lead donors. The dinner, he says, costs $90,000 a year. “We get a lot of donations,” Levitt says, both financial and in kind. “Right now, we have an endowment of about $1.2 million, and our goal is to get it to $2 million. And so, if something happens to us, with just a few donations of foods, the thing will be able to sustain itself.” Shane says the team wants everyone who attends the dinner to feel like a guest in someone’s home. “We do have a number of our patrons who are in food lines every day,” he says. “We also have a number of them that aren’t. We want this to be a day that’s different from other days for them. We don’t want them to stand in long lines. People can stay as long as they want, they can eat as much as they want, there is no limit to the number of times they can go through the service line.” Levitt adds that many people take leftovers home, along with winter gloves, hats, and apparel that the feast makes available to them. “I’m thankful that the docs gave me an opportunity to participate in this thing, and just to be part of what I think is just a wonderful event and to feel what being thankful is all about,” Shane says. “I’m thankful that my family participates as well.”

Proofreader Rachel Haug Gilbert Billing Jeri Kay Eldeen, 937-853-0372 Observer Advisor Martin Gottlieb Published by the Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton Bruce Feldman President David Pierce Immediate Past Pres. Todd Bettman President Elect Joel Frydman Foundation Chair Dr. Heath Gilbert Treasurer Beverly Louis Secretary Dan Sweeny VP, Resource Dev. Mary Rita Weissman VP, Personnel Cathy Gardner CEO The Dayton Jewish Observer, Vol. 23, No. 3. The Dayton Jewish Observer is published monthly by the Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton, a nonprofit corporation, 525 Versailles Dr., Dayton, OH 45459. Views expressed by guest columnists, in readers’ letters and in reprinted opinion pieces do not necessarily reflect the opinion of The Dayton Jewish Observer, The Dayton Jewish Observer Policy Committee, the Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton or the underwriters of any columns. Acceptance of advertising neither endorses advertisers nor guarantees kashrut. The Dayton Jewish Observer Mission Statement To support, strengthen and champion the Dayton Jewish community by providing a forum and resource for Jewish community interests. Goals • To encourage affiliation, involvement and communication. • To provide announcements, news, opinions and analysis of local, national and international activities and issues affecting Jews and the Jewish community. • To build community across institutional, organizational and denominational lines. • To advance causes important to the strength of our Jewish community including support of Federation agencies, its annual campaign, synagogue affiliation, Jewish education and participation in Jewish and general community affairs. • To provide an historic record of Dayton Jewish life.

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DAYTON Veterans’ and Kristallnacht Shabbat

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Pastor Chris Edmonds, son of late Righteous Among the Nations honoree Master Sgt. Roddie Edmonds, shared the story of how his father saved 200 Jewish GIs in Europe during World War II, at Temple Israel’s Shabbat service on Sept. 7. With Edmonds is Temple Israel Senior Rabbi Karen Bodney-Halasz.

Temple Israel’s Shabbat service on Friday, Nov. 9 at 6:30 p.m. will honor veterans of the U.S. armed forces. The Dayton Jewish Chorale will also participate in the service, to commemorate the 80th anniversary of Kristallnacht, the night of broken glass, which marked the beginning of the Holocaust. Temple Israel is located at 130 Riverside Dr., Dayton. For more Chabad of Greater Dayton’s information, call the temple at Jewish Learning Institute will 496-0050. present the six-session course, Wrestling With Faith, at 7 p.m. on Mondays beginning Oct. 29 at Chabad, 2001 Far Hills Ave., Oakwood. Rabbi Nochum ManRabbi Shira Stutman, director of religious programming at gel will teach the class. The cost Sixth & I Historic Synagogue in is $69 and includes a textbook; scholarships are available. For Washingmore information or to enroll, ton, D.C., call 643-0770 or email Chabad@ will be the guest speaker for the Jewish Federation Women’s Event at Rabbi Shira Stutman 6 p.m. on Sunday, Nov. 4 at the Boonshoft CJCE, 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville. Named one of America’s most inspiring rabbis by The Forward, Stutman specializes in Jewish programming for people in their 20s and 30s, and working with interfaith couples. The cost is $20 and includes cocktails, heavy hors d’oeuvres, and dessert. R.S.V.P. to 937-401-1541 Montgomery County or go to

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mahj cards available The Dayton Chapter of Hadassah is now taking orders for 2019 mah jongg cards. Make checks payable to Hadassah — $8 for regular size, $9 for large print — and send to Dayton Chapter of Hadassah, P.O. Box 292815, Dayton, OH 45429. Include your name, address, email address, and phone number. New cards should arrive by March 31.

John Patterson, NCR, Oakwood, and the Jews will be the topic for the JCC Cultural Arts and Book Fest kosher deli dinner at 6 p.m. on Thursday, Nov. 1 at the Boonshoft CJCE, 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville. John H. Patterson Dayton Jew1844-1922 ish Observer Editor and Publisher Marshall Weiss, author of the 2018 book, Jewish Community of Dayton, will lead the discussion. The cost is $18 per person for the dinner, which includes a free copy of Jewish Community of Dayton thanks to the Rose Philanthropic Fund. For reservations, call 610-1555 or go to by Oct. 25.

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New ADL regional director By Alyssa Schmitt Cleveland Jewish News Rabbi Jeremy Pappas says his journey to combat hatred began in 2004 when he walked into an Auschwitz-Birkenau gas chamber and was free to walk out — an opportunity denied to many before him. He was on an International March of the Living at age 18. A tour guide challenged the group to ensure gas chambers would never again be created. The guide’s question has driven Pappas in his professional career: “What are you going to do about it?” Pappas, 32, is the Anti-Defamation League’s new regional director. He took over for Anita Gray on Aug. 29; Gray has taken a new role with the ADL regional office as its director of development. Based in Cleveland, the regional office serves Ohio, West Virginia, Kentucky, and western Pennsylvania. “In these hateful times we’re living in, we’ve been so busy at

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ADL putting out fires that come student program. Earlier this year, the ADL up that I haven’t had time to devote to development, so that’s reported a 57-percent increase of thrilling to me,” Gray said. “I’m antisemitic incidents from 2016 to 2017. going to focus on fund raising. With that in mind, Pappas We’ve been doing a great job said the ADL’s role is with the work of more important than ADL but it’s been at ever and is looking to the expense of fund grow its reach. raising...We all know Pappas said his No. that (our) organiza1 focus is learning tion needs money to more about the comdo the work that we munity and familiardo.” izing himself with Pappas is a the ADL’s role in the Detroit native who region. studied political He’s hopeful the science and modern ADL Regional Dir. regional office will Jewish studies in Rabbi Jeremy Pappas be more proactive in a joint program of providing anti-bias training in Columbia University and the the non-Jewish community and Jewish Theological Seminary educating people about antiin New York. Following his graduation in 2009, he earned a semitism. “There is an incredible master’s degree in Jewish education and received his rabbinic anti-Israel bias that is creeping up into society today,” he ordination from the seminary. said. “Now that we have more Before joining the ADL, he worked for the American Israel time, more resources and more Public Affairs Committee as the bandwidth, we need to be developing relationships with not national director of its rabbinic only the organizations within the other cities but with the people on the ground so when something happens, they think ADL.” Pappas plans to tour the region to introduce himself to organizations. “I think that for us, it’s just getting on the ground, pounding the pavement, meeting with people, showing them that we’re relevant and that we’re here to help,” he said.

JFS Chanukah Brunch Partnering with Active Adults, Hadassah, Jewish War Veterans, & Lynda A. Cohen Yiddish Club

s u n d ay, d e c e m b e r 2 @ 1 1 A M at Beth Jacob (7020 North Main St., 45415) Join your friends for a delicious brunch and musical entertainment from the Miami Valley Klezmer Ensemble. RSVP online at or at 937-610-1555 by November 21. $15 in advance, $20 at the door. Your payment is your reservation. PAGE 6




Key moments in the Jared KushnerSaudi Prince Mohammed bromance large in Trump administration plans to isolate Iran. At the center of the U.S.-Saudi relationship is Kushner, whom Trump has tasked with relaunching the Israeli-Palestinian peace talks. The drive for a peace deal is what ostensibly brought Jared Kushner Saudi Crown Prince Kushner and MBS Mohammed bin Salman together, but their relationship has broadened to mental in setting the agenda — include arms sales and regional so instrumental that he says he strategy making. got a rabbi’s permission to join Here are five key moments in his father-in-law on the Shabbat the Kushner-MBS bromance. flight. (Which rabbi? That’s still a mystery.) The first meeting The trip went off smoothly According to The Washington — remember that glowing orb Post, MBS and Kushner became Trump and MBS’s dad touched friendly when the crown prince together? And Trump signed a first visited Trump as president $110 billion arms sale deal with in March 2017. German Chanthe country. cellor Angela Merkel was next on the agenda but was delayed That Lebanon business by a snowstorm, which allowed Kushner visited with MBS in the two 30-somethings to beSaudi Arabia in October 2017, come acquainted. That set off a supposedly to discuss the adlong distance relationship, with vance of the Israeli-Palestinian frequent phone calls, the Post peace deal. A week or so later reported. Saad Hariri, the Lebanese prime minister, turned up in Saudi Open arms and an arms deal Arabia to resign, citing the One result of the closeness overweening influence in his was a major shift: A president’s country of Hezbollah, the Shiite inaugural trip has traditionally militia aligned with Iran. been to a neighbor, Canada or It was a bizarre moment, Mexico. Trump instead first and soon Hariri was back in headed to Saudi Arabia, in May Lebanon having rescinded his Continued on Page 19 2017, and Kushner was instru-

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By Ron Kampeas, JTA WASHINGTON — In March, Saudi Arabia was on the brink of a new age of modernity. At the epicenter of the transformation were Prince Mohammed bin Salman and Jared Kushner, President Donald Trump’s sonin-law and top adviser. But allegations that bin Salman — or MBS, as he is known — ordered the brazen murder of a dissident Saudi journalist in Istanbul, Turkey, have roiled the prince’s reputation as a modernizer. So where does that leave Kushner, who cultivated a close friendship with MBS in part to advance Kushner’s efforts to revive the Israeli-Palestinian peace talks? Does Kushner counsel the president to distance the United States from Saudi Arabia? Or does he wait out the storm and return to the bromance when things are quieter? Despite some favorable media coverage at the time of his last U.S. visit in March, much reporting suggested — even before the disappearance in Istanbul of Jamal Khashoggi, a permanent resident of the United States — that MBS’s reforms were more show than substance. Yes, women could drive, but the activists who helped bring about the change were languishing in jail. Yes, he seemed ready for closer relations with Israel, while also bombing Yemen into submission, with little regard for civilian casualties. Yes, the extended Saudi royal family seemed on board with his changes, but maybe a period of imprisonment and torture in 2017 had something to do with that. With the Khashoggi crisis in full bloom, the Trump administration is scrambling for a strategy. Trump himself is wary of penalizing a nation that spends big money on U.S. arms. “I don’t like stopping massive amounts of money that’s being poured into our country on — I know they’re talking about different kinds of sanctions,” he said Oct. 11, referring to moves in Congress to sanction Saudi Arabia, “but they’re spending $110 billion on military equipment and on things that create jobs, like jobs and others, for this country.” Saudi Arabia also figures

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These non-Jews are fighting Labour anti-Semitism from inside coreligionists within the party that once By Cnaan Liphshiz, JTA was British Jewry's political home, has Steeped in antisemitism accusations threatened to sue Corbyn and dismissed involving him and his supporters, Brithis promises to fight antisemitism as lip ish Labour Party leader Jeremy Corbyn service. has made many Jewish enemies — inCorbyn supporters dismiss many critcluding inside his own party. ics either as “Zionists” — Corbyn himBut one of his most effective critics is self has acknowledged that the term has not Jewish. He is a meteorology stuoften been “hijacked” by antisemites as dent at the University of Reading who code for Jews — or Labour rivals seeking describes himself as “just a kid with a to weaponize antisemitism claims. laptop.” Such criticism is harder to pin on Denny Taylor, 20, has used that laptop to keep a running tally of party members LAAS, according to Taylor. Beyond having non-Jewish members who have flouted Labour’s own guidefrom across the political spectrum within lines against hate speech and report Labour, “We primarily file complaints them to the party’s ethics review panel. Horrified at the revelations about Cor- that are well-documented,” Taylor said. He traces his commitment to fighting byn’s ties to antisemites, Taylor set up Labour Against Anti-Semitism, or LAAS, antisemitism within Labour to a desire to in 2016 with a few dozen non-Jewish and “make up for the damage” that Corbyn and other of his erstwhile supporters Jewish volunteers. He was 18 and had helped cause to the United Kingdom. voted the previous year for Corbyn. The ethics board of Labour — a party It was LAAS that in September eager to shake off its image reported to Labour’s ethics as a hub for antisemitism panel on an old recording in — is forced to act on the which Corbyn declared that complaints on Corbyn’s beZionists “don’t understand half, making the complaints English irony.” The group and subsequent disciplinary has flagged 1,200 alleged actions more difficult for his members who it said have supporters to dismiss than breached the party’s guidean external criticism. lines against hate speech and LAAS said it follows Lahas a backlog of about 2,000 bour’s own definition of anadditional cases of people tisemitic hate speech, which engaging in what LAAS conas of September is identical siders antisemitic rhetoric. Denny Taylor to that of the International LAAS has not reported the Holocaust Remembrance Alliance. That latter yet, according to its spokesman, working definition acknowledges that Euan Philipps, who also is not Jewish. LAAS “punches far above its weight,” criticism of Israel is not automatically antisemitism, but also notes examples of said Jonathan Hoffman, a British Jew how anti-Israel and anti-Zionist rhetoric who has been involved in some of the most vocal protests against Labour’s an- often takes anti-Semitic forms. Among LAAS’s recent successes is tisemitism problem — including a poster the April suspension of Pam Bromley, a campaign in London earlier this year. local lawmaker from northern England. The “small group of volunteers,” to LAAS reported her 2017 Facebook post which Hoffman does not belong, “has achieved great success in raising the pro- defending her opposition to the Rothschilds, the famous Jewish banking family file of antisemitism in the Labour Party, and is now the first port of call for media at the center of numerous antisemitic conspiracy theories. She urged followers like the BBC, The Times and Sky News,” to remember that the “Rothschilds are a he told JTA. powerful family (like the Medicis) and Corbyn, a far-left politician who represent capitalism and big business — was elected to lead Labour in 2015, has even if the Nazis DID use the activities alternated between vowing to address Jewish concerns and dismissing them. In of the Rothschilds in their antisemitic August, he called many Jews’ existential propaganda. We must not obscure the truth with the need to be tactful.” fears about a Corbyn-led government Another subject of an LAAS ethics “overheated rhetoric.” complaint is Anne Kennedy, who was He also has refused to apologize for his own controversial actions, including suspended in May for writing that Israeli his honoring in 2015 of dead Palestinian Jews are “Hitler’s bastard sons.” Jane Dipple, a university lecturer in terrorists and saying in 2013 that local media and communication, was sus“Zionists” lack a sense of irony. pended and possibly fired for inveighing Amid attacks by Labour moderates, against “a Zionist attempt at creating a Corbyn’s worsening relationship with pure race” and “rampant Zionism across British Jewry sunk to a new low in the media” in a post that included a link August when former chief rabbi Jonato an article on the neo-Nazi website than Sacks, a lord and probably British Daily Stormer. It was headlined BBC Jewry’s most eminent representative, to Replace Male Jew Political Editor with called Corbyn “an antisemite.” The Female Jew. Jewish Labour Movement, a group of THE DAYTON JEWISH OBSERVER • NOVEMBER 2018

THE WORLD This kind of rhetoric is something that Emma Feltham, a London painter-decorator and longtime Labour voter, had never imagined existed in mainstream politics before it surfaced in 2015, after thousands of far-left voters entered Labour in support of Corbyn. “I’m a white English person; I had never seen anything like this. I remember crying the first time I did,” recalled Feltham, who joined LAAS following that experience. The fact that she’s not Jewish, she said, makes it harder to dismiss her criticism. “It’s harder to ignore, they can’t say, ‘oh, it’s just because she’s a Zionist, what she says doesn’t matter because she’s Jewish,’” Feltham said. When rank-and-file non-Jewish members of Labour fight in the trenches against antisemitism, she said, “it shows there are people out there who care, who find if unacceptable.” Nevertheless, Labour’s highly public antisemitism problem seems to have only marginally hurt the party’s popularity in the general population. Corbyn’s approval rating in a YouGov poll from Sept. 27 was 10 points higher than in a poll conducted on that week in 2016. (He currently enjoys 51 percent approval versus 49 percent disapproval.) Antisemitism isn’t even the main issue working against Corbyn, according to Taylor.

“The main issue is Corbyn’s handling of Brexit,” he said. Critics say the Labour leader has failed to effectively oppose the government’s policy of exiting the European Union. With positive ratings and a Conservative government in shambles over internal disagreements on Brexit, Corbyn seems nearer than ever to becoming prime minister, regardless of his being pummeled on the front pages of mainstream dailies over Labour's antisemitism problem. Given this reality, Feltham said she understands and agrees with British Jews who say they view a Labour government led by Corbyn as an existential threat to their community — a statement that, unprecedentedly, all three major British Jewish newspapers put on their front pages in July, and which the Board of Deputies of British Jews has also echoed. “I don’t think it’s an overreaction,” she said of this warning. And Feltham believes that a “party that can target one minority or group will target others when it becomes expedient. It’s a danger to society at large.” Still, Feltham, Taylor and Philipps, the LAAS spokesman, said they are not sure whether they can win the fight for Labour’s identity and image. “This question is beyond my control,” Feltham said. “All I know is I can’t stop fighting. I don’t want to have to say that I did nothing when all of this was happening.”

40th Annual Ryterband Symposium Thursday, Nov. 8, 2018

Practical. Moderate. Bipartisan.

At United Theological Seminary, Trotwood

Please visit my website for a short video and more information!

Keynote speaker is Dr. Benjamin Sommer, Professor of Bible and Ancient Semitic Languages, Jewish Theological Seminary, New York City

The Bodies of God in Ancient Israel 4 p.m.

Sinai in Jewish Scripture and Tradition 7:30 p.m.

These lectures are free and open to the public. For more information contact Zusman Professor Mark Verman, Wright State University, 775-2461

Fund Vital Services

Our communities don’t have the money needed to fix roads and support first responders. I will make those vital services a priority.

Focus on Education We need to change how we fund public schools and move away from reliance on local property taxes.

Find Common Ground We need leaders that will work together across party lines. If I’m elected, that’s exactly what I’ll do. Paid for by Friends of Zach Dickerson.

Are you reading this? So is the entire Jewish community. Contact Patty Caruso at to advertise in The Observer.




5 times Nikki Haley delighted the pro-Israel community By Ron Kampeas, JTA WASHINGTON — When Nikki Haley said on Oct. 9 that she would be stepping down as U.N. ambassador by the end of this year, the Israeli and proIsrael laments poured out swiftly. Haley didn't simply defend Israel and its government, led by Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, as her predecessors had under Democratic and Republican administrations. She led a game change: On her watch, and with the blessing of President Donald Trump, support for Israel became a “with or against us” proposition. Slam the United States for defending Israel, and count on being slammed back, was the Trump-Haley credo. A big chunk of Haley's two years at the world body was about Israel. “Thank you for your support, which led to a change in Israel's status in the UN,” Danny Danon, Israel's ambassador to the United Nations, said on Twitter. Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu offered his gratitude as well in a statement. “I would like to thank Ambassador @nikkihaley, who led the uncompromising struggle against hypocrisy at the UN, and on behalf of the truth and justice of our country,” he said.

Mark Wilson/Getty Images agency that administers assistance Haley’s predecessors had also robustly backed to Palestinians and their descenIsrael in the body, but dants, for what they say is a toothere were hiccups. broad definition of what denotes The latest came in a Palestinian refugee, effectively December 2016 when allowing the status to continue Ambassador Samantha indefinitely. Power allowed through a Haley helped spearhead the Security Council resoluTrump administration decision in tion criticizing Israel’s September to sever funding to the settlement policy in agency. the waning days of the Last year, the United States Obama administration, contributed $360 million, the lion’s about a month before share of the budget. This year, Trump was inaugurated. after forking over $60 million, It was a rare instance there was a freeze, and it became of a U.S. official semipermanent in September. endorsing U.N. criticism Speaking in August at the of Israel. Foundation for Defense of DemocNetanyahu and the racies, Haley said the money could centrist to right-wing proflow again — if UNRWA radically Israel community sees the reconfigured how it counts refuUnited Nations as a snake Nikki Haley speaks with President Donald Trump in the White House gees, slashing the number from 5 pit, and any concession is after Haley announced her resignation as U.N. ambassador, Oct. 9 million to 500,000. PJ Library seen as a betrayal. “We will be a donor if it reforms our democratic ally Israel.” That was the message in the Ameriwhat it does,” she said of UNRWA, “if Here are five times Haley changed can Israel Public Affair Committee's they actually change the number of the game for Israel while she was amfarewell to Haley packed into a single refugees to an accurate account, we will bassador to the United Nations. word: “consistently.” look back at partnering them.” “We appreciate the strong leadership Liberal pro-Israel groups decried the Cutting funds to UNRWA of @nikkihaley @USUN,” AIPAC said fund cuts, saying they were cruel, and Israel and pro-Israel officials have on Twitter. “Thank you for consistently noted that Israeli security officials have long criticized UNRWA, the U.N. standing up for America's interests and long argued that UNRWA assistance


2018 WOMEN’S EVENT Sunday, November 4, 6–8PM Boonshoft CJCE (525 Versailles Drive, 45459) Kosher cocktail reception with heavy hors d’oeuvres and dessert. $20 per person.

Rabbi Shira Stutman

Rabbi Shira Stutman is the director of religious programming at Washington, DC’s innovative Sixth & I Historic Synagogue. Rabbi Stutman also serves as the scholarin-residence for the National Women’s Philanthropy program of the Jewish Federations of North America. Her focus is making Judaism meaningful and building Jewish community.

This event is sponsored by the Pavlofsky and Miller families in loving memory of Carole Pavlofsky. To RSVP by October 26, call 937-401-1541 or visit to register online.

Michele Dritz Stacy Emoff Sydney Feibus Marni Flagel Lynn Goldenberg Joan Isaacson Sarah Moore Leventhal Ann Liberman Judy Lipton Pam Schwartz Stephanie Weber EVENT COMMITTEE PAGE 10


THE WORLD helps stabilize the region. That wild U.N. party Haley used the U.S. veto to nix a U.N. Security Council resolution last year criticizing Trump's recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital, but its backers took the measure to the General Assembly to at least score a moral victory. Security Council resolutions have the force of international law; General Assembly resolutions amount to little more than statements. Haley went to work and managed to get an impressive 64 members to not vote or vote against the resolution in the General Assembly. Then she invited them to a party. “It’s easy for friends to be with you in the good times, but it’s the friends who are with you during the challenging times that will never be forgotten,” the U.S. mission said on Facebook in January. “Thank you to the 64.” Quitting the Human Rights Council The United States Human Rights Council makes Israel a perennial agenda item, even as

it includes among its members some of the world’s worst human rights abusers like Iran, China and Venezuela. The Obama administration repeatedly noted the anomaly, but it stuck with the council in order to nudge its members to condemn abuses in other countries. Haley and the Trump administration stayed for 18 months before eventually concluding it wasn’t worth the insults. The body “was not worthy of its name,” Haley said at a joint appearance with Secretary of State Mike Pompeo in June.

CONGRATULATIONS paganda would come from a body whose membership nearly universally does not recognize Israel is unsurprising,” Haley said before the scrubbing.

Praying at the Western Wall Two months after the apartheid incident, Haley told the Christian Broadcasting Network that the Western Wall belonged to Israel, a sharp departure from longstanding executive branch policy of not pronouncing on who claims what in Jerusalem. By the end of the year, Trump recognized Jerusalem as Israel's capital. It was an early instance of Haley’s role as a smoke signal Scrub the apartheid report for a significant Trump adminThe U.N. Economic and istration shift in U.S. policy. Social Commission for WestShe was tapped a year ago to ern Asia published a report in signal that the Trump adminMarch 2017 accusing Israel of istration would pull out of the apartheid. Haley, fresh to her role, made Iran nuclear deal and, as noted above, she set the stage for cutit a point to lobby the U.N. ting off UNRWA funding. secretary-general, Antonio Recognizing the Western Guterres, to pull the report from Wall as Israeli seemed personal, the web. Guterres, no doubt however. wary of getting off to a wrong Visiting Jerusalem a month start with the Trump adminafter her CBN interview, she istration, pulled rank on the agency and the report was soon broke away from security to touch the holy site and ask worgone. shippers how to pray. “That such anti-Israel pro-

Enjoy life to the Fullest

Dr. Jules Sherman We congratulate Dr. Jules Sherman on his retirement, and express sincere gratitude for his many years of service, care and compassion for patients and his decades of dedication to our hospice mission. Copyright © 2018 Ohio’s Hospice, Inc. All rights reserved.

Are you reading this? So is the entire Jewish community. Contact Patty Caruso at to advertise in The Observer.

Modern suites and gorgeous gathering places are just a few of the amenities that await you or your loved one at the new Crescent Crossing community, opening January, 2019. And all residents enjoy the same variety of dining experiences, diverse range of activities and friendly neighbors that has always set Bethany Village apart.

Life is better when the care is exceptional Faithful caring is our hallmark. You’ll have the full continuum of care no matter what the future holds. Let us arrange a private tour for you to view our model and, with a $1,000 refundable deposit, reserve the suite and location of your choice. They are going fast…contact us today.

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Pro-Israel Congress members push bill for Palestinian investment Alex Wong/Getty Images

larly Lowey, who see as critical to is Jewish and the keeping the West ranking DemoBank quiet. crat on the House Tens of milAppropriations lions of dollars Committee, and in humanitarian Graham, the chairassistance, includman of the foreign ing for Palestinian operations subhospitals, is out. committee of the The Trump Senate Appropriaadministration tions Committee. also cut out $300 “I have always million in funding Rep. Nita Lowey (D-N.Y.) believed that a for UNRWA, the two-state soluUnited Nations tion is the only framework that agency that administers aswould lead to two states for sistance to Palestinian refugees Beth Abraham, Dayton’s only two peoples,” Lowey said in and their descendants. Conservative synagogue, is the statement. “But this dream The Palestinians riled Presienthusiastically egalitarian will only be realized through dent Donald Trump in Decemand is affiliated with the efforts on the ground to stimuber by walking away from United Synagogue of late economic development and efforts by his son-in-law, Jared Conservative Judaism. community ties between Israelis Kushner, to revive peace talks For a complete schedule of our and Palestinians. after Trump recognized Jerusaevents and times, go to The statement says the bill lem as Israel’s capital. has the backing of centrist Trump and Congress also Jewish groups, including the have taken measures to slash American Jewish Committee funding as a means of penaland the Jewizing the Palesish Council for The statement tinian Authority Public Affairs. $7 • R.S.V.P. to 293-9520 for continuing to says the bill has The meapay the families Nov. 4, 10 a.m.: Jim Nathanson, The Midterms sure comes the backing of the of Palestinians & Beyond: What Do They Mean? Beth Abraham is Dayton’s on the heels have been American Jewish who Nov. 11,only 10Conservative a.m.: Gen. synagogue, affiliated Brig. with of the Trump killed or capthe United Synagogue of (Ret.) Paul Cooper, American administration Committee and Conservative Judaism. tured for attackVeterans in the First Air War slashing aid to Jewish Council for ing Israelis. We are an enthusiastically Sunday, Dec. 2, 5 p.m. the Palestinians, Notably, Nov. 18,egalitarian 9:45synagogue. a.m. at Temple which last year Public Affairs. $12 adults, $6 children 3-12. the bill would We also have an enerIsrael: DPO Music Dir. Neal Gittleman, getic Keruv program that was around seem to restore Bernstein Book Club. out to intermarried Bring Your Menorah. R.S.V.P. to 293-9520. A Leonardreaches couples and families in our $300 million. funding for Israeli-Palestinian synagogue and in the Dayton Jewish community. All that remains of the asdialogue; the Trump adminService Schedule: Mornings, Mon. & Thurs., 7:15 a.m.; Tues., Wed., Fri., 7:30 a.m.; Sunday, 8:30 a.m. sistance is the $50 million or so istration cut off $10 million in For a complete schedule of Evenings, Mon.-Fri., 5:30 p.m. Sat. Morning Service, 9 a.m.; Youth Service, 10:30 a.m.; Kiddush lunch following. our events, go to that goes to the Palestinian sedialogue funding. curity services, a line of funding The Alliance for Middle East that Israel’s security services Peace, which helps facilitate the funding for dialogue groups, also backs the bill. Separately, Jason Greenblatt, the top U.S. Middle East negotiator, told an Israeli news site that the Trump administration was dedicated to an outcome that would unite West Bank PalFEATURING estinians and Gaza Palestinians under a single authority. “Our peace plan intends to AND bring them together,” Greenblatt told Ynet. “Make no mistake; we are in this to help all Palestinians, in both the West Bank and Gaza.” Kushner, Greenblatt and their team have yet to release the plan, but a number of their interlocutors have suggested that it appears as if it will break up the Palestinians into smaller autonomous entities. Trump has said the plan will be published by early next year. Carillon Brewing Company • • 937-910-0722 • 1000 Carillon Blvd., Dayton, Ohio — JTA

WASHINGTON — A bipartisan slate of lawmakers in Congress introduced a bill that would invest in businesses in the Palestinian areas — a bid to replace some of the massive cuts in assistance imposed recently by the Trump administration. Under the measure, the United States would contribute $50 million a year to investments in the Palestinian areas and seek private sector partners

for additional investments. “This bipartisan bill is a genuine attempt by the United States to regenerate our historic role in finding creative and imaginative pathways to secure a sustainable peace,” Rep. Jeff Fortenberry, R-Neb., said in a statement released Oct. 16 jointly with Rep. Nita Lowey, D-N.Y., his partner in introducing the bill. “This starts by re-creating new and better economic and interpersonal



linkages for prosperity and interconnectedness between the region’s peoples.” Four senators — Chris Coons, D-Del.; Lindsey Graham, R-S.C.; Tim Kaine, D-Va.; and Cory Gardner, R-Col. — simultaneously introduced companion legislation in their body. Notably, the lawmakers sponsoring the bill are pro-Israel leaders in Congress with the clout to get it passed — particu-

Sunday Brunch Speaker Series







Sun-Thurs: 11:00am-9:00pm Fri-Sat: 11:00am-10:00pm




JCC Cultural Arts and Book Festival kicked off on Sunday, October 7, with the king of Kosher Gospel, Joshua Nelson with the Dayton Jewish Chorale and UD's Ebony Heritage Singers. PHOTO CREDIT: Peter Wine

JCC early childhood We paint

Kate Bowling interacts with constituents at the Meet the Candidates night on October 10. PHOTO CREDIT: Peter Wine

the whole world with our hands…Mishpacha students Lior Hakim and Micah Greenberg, add an earth mural to the preschool circle in honor of Rosh Hashanah. PHOTO CREDIT: Katie

Jewish Family Services


Film Festival.

and Rainbow Elder Care cosponsored the film Dear Fredy on October 14 as part of the Dayton LGBT





See page 8 for full list and more information.

THU 11/1 @ 6PM

$18 by October 25; No walk-ins

Jewish Community of Dayton MARSHALL WEISS Kosher Deli Dinner

Vegetarian option available upon advance request.

Boonshoft CJCE MON 11/5 @ 7PM

$5 in advance, $8 at door

The Opposite of Hate SALLY KOHN Boonshoft CJCE

WEDNESDAY 14 PARTNERSHIP2GETHER Women Leading A Dialogue 5:30–8PM @ Boonshoft CJCE A diverse group of women from Israel and Dayton learns about a variety of cultures while breaking down barriers and stereotypes. Dine on a delicious vegetarian dinner. $15 per person. RSVP by November 2.

WED 21

THU 22

FRI 23

SAT 24

SUN 25

FOR MORE INFORMATION OR TO RSVP (unless noted): 937-610-1555

MON 26

TUE 27



FRIDAY 9 EARLY CHILDHOOD Share Shabbat & Auction 9–10:30AM @ Boonshoft CJCE Families, friends, and special guests are invited to a Shabbat celebration & Silent Auction with Early Childhood Care and Education.

SUNDAY 11 YAD (AGES 21–35) Murder on the Nile 2–4PM @ Dayton Playhouse (1301 E Siebenthaler Ave, 45414) Enjoy a matinee performance of Agatha Christie’s Murder on the Nile. Event sponsored by Shumsky.

THURSDAY 15 JCC Thursdays @ the J: Speaking of That 1–3PM @ Boonshoft CJCE Tim Tharp of Dayton Krav Maga speaks about the importance of personal protection. Tim is a military and security veteran with over 25 years of combat self defense and fitness experience.




WEDNESDAY 28 PJ LIBRARY & HILLEL I Am Strong Theater Workshop 5:30–7:30PM @ Hillel Academy (305 Sugar Camp Cir, 45409) Cincinnati Children's Theater guides children to explore strategies that reinforce ways to interact positively with others using creative dramatic role play. Dinner provided. Intended for children age 3 years through second grade. RSVP required by November 21.

THURSDAY 29 FOUNDATION LIFE & LEGACY™ Donor Appreciation Celebration 6PM @ The Steam Plant (617 E 3rd St., Dayton 45402) This event is by invitation only.


W R 7 8

SUNDAY 18 JFS & FOUNDATION Kehilah Kedosha: Planning For Children’s Futures 10:30AM-NOON @ Beth Abraham (305 Sugar Camp Cir, 45409) Opening doors of opportunity for our families of special needs: A discussion with Greg Darling, Executive Director of the Disability Foundation, about some of the services they provide to help you plan for your child’s financial future. RSVP by November 9.


RSVPs due at least 1 week before event. Events with no price listed are free.

SUNDAY 4 JFGD 2018 Women's Event 6–8PM @ Boonshoft CJCE An engaging evening of cocktails and conversation. Speaker Rabbi Shira Stutman. $20/person. Open to all women in our community. RSVP by October 26.

TUESDAY 6 JFS Active Adults Lunch and Tour 11:45AM–3PM @ Seasons Bistro (28 S Limestone St., Springfield) The Westcott House (85 S Greenmount Ave, Springfield) Meet for lunch, then take a 1–1.5 hour tour of the Westcott House. $12 for tour, lunch cost on your own. RSVP by October 29.

SATURDAY 17 JUNIOR YOUTH GROUP Scavenger Hunt at The Greene 7–9PM @ The Greene (4452 Buckeye Ln, 45440) Grades 6–8 divide into teams and embark on a scavenger hunt! Then we’ll meet up at one of the restaurants to share stories of our great adventures! No charge/Dinner on your own.

TUE 20


SATURDAY 10 JCC Kids Night Out 6:30–9PM @ Boonshoft CJCE Kids in grades K–7 are invited for a night with friends, snacks, crafts, and games. $15 per child.

Let There Be Water SETH SIEGEL NO CHARGE Wittenberg University: Weaver Chapel 4 E Campus Dr., 45504 WED 11/7 @ 7:30PM



T •U• E• S • D• A• Y •S @ THE J

Israeli Dancing

7–8PM, November 6 Lessons with instructor Janifer Tsou. $3/person.


6–7PM, Oct 30, Nov 6, Nov 13 Yoga for all levels with instructor Elissa Dinsmore. $8 walk-in THE DAYTON JEWISH OBSERVER • NOVEMBER 2018



Legacies, Tributes, & Memorials FEDERATION

ANNUAL CAMPAIGN IN MEMORY OF › Dan Weckstein -Claudia and Bill Fried TALA ARNOVITZ FUND IN MEMORY OF › Robert Abrams -Beverly Saeks › Lois Hoffman -Beverly Saeks and Family HOLOCAUST PROGRAMMING FUND IN HONOR OF › 90th birthday of Henry Guggenheimer › 95th birthday of Bob Kahn -Beverly Farnbacher


EARLY CHILDHOOD FUND IN HONOR OF › New grandson of Cheryl and Rick Carne -Roger Chudde JOAN & PETER WELLS AND REBECCA LINVILLE FAMILY, CHILDREN, AND YOUTH FUND IN HONOR OF › Recovery of Peter Wells -Sis and Phil Office IN MEMORY OF › Dan Weckstein -Joan and Peter Wells

Would you like to honor or memorialize someone in your life, all while making a meaningful impact on the Jewish community? Consider making a donation to a Jewish Foundation of Greater Dayton Fund. Making a donation is as simple as a phone call. Contact us at 937-610-1555 for more information.

JCC Early Childhood JCC is hiring! early childhood

CAROLE RABINOWITZ YOUTH JEWISH EXPERIENCE FUND IN MEMORY OF › Lois Hoffman › Dr. Mel Lipton › Gertrude Phillips, mother of Marnie Flagel -Sis and Phil Office HELEN AND CHARLES ABRAMOVITZ JEWISH CAMP FUND IN MEMORY OF › Dan Weckstein -Cathy Gardner FOUNDATION

JEREMY BETTMAN B’NAI TZEDEK FUND IN HONOR OF › Special birthday of Elaine Bettman -Susan and Jonas Gruenberg

Did YOU know?


Amount donated by the Dayton Jewish Community towards hurricane relief efforts between 2017 and 2018. When disaster first strikes, Jewish Federations are there helping make sure that the urgent needs of the most severely impacted are met. Find out more at

A Biss'l Mamaloshen Haltn

| HALT-en | verb: To hold, contain. 2. To

believe, think, maintain, affirm, live up to (promises, principles). 3. To stand. 4. To observe (a holiday). Expressions with Haltn: 1 A mentsh fort, un Got halt di leytses. A person rides, but God holds the reins. 2 Kleyne kinder halt men oyf di hent; groyse kinder

zaynen a zorg in zinen. - Little children are held in one's arms; big children a worry on one's mind. 3 Der kluger bahalt dem seykhl; der nar vayzt zayn narishkeyt aroys. The smart person conceals his intellect; the fool reveals his stupidity.

JFS Welcomes Tennille Ali, MSW On July 20, Amy Boyle, LSW (Licensed Social Worker) retired from Jewish Family Services after nearly 7 years. Her smile, passion, compassion, and dedication will be missed by all. We wish her all wonderful things in this next adventure and look forward to seeing her out and about in the community.

Join our team and let the camaraderie and joy of teaching warm up your winter! Early Childhood is now hiring for part-time afternoon teacher assistants. Interested applicants can send a resume or questions to Audrey MacKenzie, Early Childhood Director, at

On September 17, Tennille Ali, LSW, MSW joined the JFS family and we are thrilled to have her on our team! Tennille brings with her 14 years of experience working in the areas of child welfare and medical social work, dedicating her time to advocating for and supporting clients of all ages and backgrounds. Tennille is excited about her new venture here at JFS as it will allow her to utilize her skills in working with not only older adults but families as a whole. Tennille is truly an advocate for all, having advocated for and supported clients of all ages and backgrounds. Tennille said, “I learned very early in life that it truly takes a village to be successful in our community.” Keep an eye out for Tennille in the community. You can’t miss her infectious smile!






Ked sha


Sunday, November 18, 10:30AM–NOON


I Am Strong Theater Workshop

Beth Abraham Synagogue 305 Sugar Camp Circle, 45409

Please join the Kehilah Kedosha Committee for a discussion with Greg Darling, Executive Director of the Disability Foundation. Greg will discuss some of the services the Disability Foundation provides that can help you plan for your child’s financial future. Light noshes served. No charge. If you have any questions, please contact: Janese R. Sweeny

Tara Feiner

Foundation Director 937-401-1542

JFS Director 937-401-1546

November 28, 5:30PM @ Hillel Academy 305 Sugar Camp Cir, 45409 Cincinnati Children's Theater guides children to explore strategies that reinforce ways to interact positively with others using creative dramatic role play. Dinner provided. Intended for children age 3 years through second grade. RSVP required by November 21. No charge.

RSVP by November 9 at or 937-610-1555.

Jewish Foundation OF GREATER DAYTON


Jewish Family Services OF GREATER DAYTON





–9: ing 7 s in e

d ra Graelor in Tailable!

ns av Cou itions pos

Thursday, December 20–Friday, January 4 8:45AM-3:45PM; extended care available

Enjoy fun, friends, and field trips Camp Shalom style! Closed Tuesday, December 25 and January 1. Join us for MLK Day and Presidents Day too! Daily and session rates and extended care available. Register by December 1 for the early bird discount.

Cooking | Art | Sports | Drama | Music | PJ Library | Field Trips Register online at or 937-610-1555. For additional information, contact Meryl Hattenbach at PAGE 16


You see programs that help your child learn teamwork and social sk they see a


Chabad Jewish Learning Institute: Wrestling With Faith w. Rabbi Mangel. Six Mondays, 7 p.m. beg. Oct. 29. $69 (scholarships available). 2001 Far Hills Ave., Oakwood. 643-0770. Temple Israel Classes: Sundays, Nov. 4, 11, 18, noon: Jewish Literacy. Tuesdays, 5:30 p.m.: Musar. Wednesdays, noon: Talmud. Saturdays, 9:30 a.m.: Torah Study. 130 Riverside Dr., Dayton. 496-0050. Tuesdays @ The J: 6 p.m., Oct. 30, Nov. 6 & 13: Yoga for all levels w. Elissa Dinsmore. $8. 7 p.m., Nov. 6: Israeli Dancing w. Janifer Tsou. $3 per lesson. Boonshoft CJCE, 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville. R.S.V.P. to 610-1555.


Temple Israel Ryterband Brunch Series: Sundays. $7. Nov. 4, 9:45 a.m.: UC Prof. Dr. Fred Krome, Louis Marshall From Paris Peace Conference to Henry Ford’s Apology. Nov. 11, 10 a.m. (At Beth Abraham, 305 Sugar Camp Cir., Oakwood): Brig. Gen. (Ret.) Paul Cooper, American Veterans in the First Air War. Nov. 18, 9:45 a.m.: DPO Music Dir. Neal Gittleman, A Leonard Bernstein Book Club. Temple Israel, 130 Riverside Dr., Dayton. 496-0050. Beth Abraham Men’s Club Brunch: Sun., Nov. 4, 10 a.m.: Jim Nathanson, The Midterms & Beyond. Nov. 11, 10 a.m.: Brig. Gen. (Ret.) Paul Cooper, American Veterans in the First Air War. Nov. 18, 9:45 a.m. (At Temple Israel, 130 Riverside Dr., Dayton): DPO Music Dir. Neal Gittleman, A Leonard Bernstein Book Club. All other brunches at 305 Sugar Camp Cir., Oakwood. $7. 293-9520. Jewish Community of Dayton Author Marshall Weiss: Thurs., Nov. 8, 3:30 p.m. Univ. of Dayton, Sears Hall, Philips Humanities Center. Thursdays@the J: Nov. 15, 1-3 p.m., Speaking of That. Tim Tharp, Dayton Krav Maga, Personal Protection. 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville. 6101555.


Event: Sun., Nov. 4, 6 p.m. W. Rabbi Shira Stutman. Cocktails, heavy hors d’oeuvres, dessert. $20. R.S.V.P. to 937-401-1541.

Chabad Family Shabbat Dinner: Fri., Nov. 16, 5-7:30 p.m. $15 adults, children free. 2001 Far Hills You that see programs You see programs help your that help your Women’s Multicultural Ave., Oakwood. 643-0770. You see that help your You see programs thatprograms help child learn teamwork and social skills; child learnyour teamwork and social skills; Empowerment Dialogue Youchild see programs that help your child learn teamwork and social skills; learn teamwork and social skills; they see a they see a Dinner: Wed., Nov. 14, 5:30 p.m. Hillel Academy & PJ Library’s I child learn andasocial skills; they seeteamwork a they see Hosted by Jewish Federation’s Am Strong Theatre Workshop: they see a Boonshoft Wed., Nov. 28, 5:30-7:30 p.m. W. Partnership2Gether. CJCE, 525 Versailles Dr., Children’s Theatre of Cincinnati. Centerville. $15 vegetarian dinner. Dinner included. Ages 3-2nd grade. R.S.V.P. by Nov. 21 to 610- R.S.V.P. by Nov. 2 to 610-1555. 1555.

Children & Youths

Chabad Teen Dinner: Fri., Nov. 9, 5-7 p.m. 2001 Far Hills Ave., Oakwood. 643-0770. JCC Kids Night Out: Sat., Nov. 10, 6:30-9 p.m. Grades K-7. Boonshoft CJCE, 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville. $15. R.S.V.P. to 610-1555. Kids Make Shabbat: Thurs., Nov. 15, 5-6:30 p.m. Ages 3-13. Pizza dinner followed by preparing dinner for the following night. 2001 Far Hills Ave., Oakwood. 6430770. Junior Youth Group Scavenger Hunt @ The Greene: Sat., Nov., 17, 7-9 p.m. Grades 6-8. Followed by dinner at a restaurant. R.S.V.P. to 610-1555. Camp Ramah Open House Dinner: Mon., Nov. 19, 6:30 p.m. For children grades 2-10. At the Vandersluis home. R.S.V.P. to

Young Adults

YAD@ Murder on the Nile: Sun., Nov. 11, 2 p.m. Dayton Playhouse, 1301 E. Siebenthaler Ave., Dayton. R.S.V.P. to 6101555.


Jewish Federation Women’s


JFS Active Adults Lunch & Tour: Tues., Nov. 6, 11:45 a.m.-3 p.m. Meet at Seasons Bistro, 28 S. Limestone St., Springfield, then tour of Westcott House, 85 S. Greenmount Ave., Springfield. $12 for tour, lunch on own. R.S.V.P. to 610-1555 by Oct. 29.

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Temple Israel Veterans’ Shabbat & Kristallnacht Commemoration: Fri., Nov. 9, 6:30 p.m. W. The Dayton Jewish Chorale. 130 Riverside Dr., Dayton. 496-0050.

Taft Stettinius & Hollister LLP 40 North Main Street, Suite 1700 Dayton, Ohio 45423-1029 641-1735 •

Temple Israel Torah On Tap: Mon., Nov. 19, 6 p.m. The Pub at The Greene, w. a rabbi. First round on Temple Israel.

Explore the beautiful & bold designs from Gurhan. Available at Elizabeth Diamond Company.

JFS & Jewish Foundation, Planning for Special Needs Children’s Futures: Sun., Nov. 18, 10:30 a.m. W. Disability Found. Exec. Dir. Greg Darling. Beth Abraham Synagogue, 305 Sugar Camp Cir., Oakwood. R.S.V.P. by Nov. 9 to 610-1555.



JCC Early Childhood Share Shabbat & Auction: Fri., Nov. 9, 9 a.m. Boonshoft CJCE, 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville. 610THE DAYTON JEWISH OBSERVER • NOVEMBER 2018




Hire-Stempler It is with great joy and happiness that we announce the engagement of Michael Libby Schear has completed Stempler and Laura Hire. her master’s program in Michael is the son of Fran Alexis and Brandon Wagenfeld international relations at the and John Hoover of Arcanum Rachel began their senior year with London School of Economics. and Bob and Lisa Stempler Haug Gilbert Libby is the daughter of Patti first and second rankings of Butler Twp. Michael is the in their class at Blaine High and Lee Schear. grandson of Gerda Stempler School in Blaine, Minn. Both of Dayton, and the late Moe are National Merit Scholarship Ethan Zied, son of Dena and and Lila Gensler and Eric Executive Director Lela Klein Semifinalists. Happy Eric Zied, is now senior patrol Stempler. Laura is the daughter are recipients of the National grandparents are Sheila and leader of Boy Scout Troop 7, of Charles and Andrea Hire of Conference For Community Lawrence Wagenfeld, Sarann the highest youth leadership Bexley, and the granddaughter and Justice of Greater Dayton Rice, and Bonnie and Walter position in a Scout troop. A of the late Charles and Ruth 2018 Humanitarian Awards. Rice. life Scout, Ethan is creating a Hire, and Andrew and Virginia The awards were scheduled to Winterbauer. Wedding details be presented at the NCCJ’s 41st database of Jewish veterans Rachel Estep, an educational have not been finalized yet. consultant for Discovery Toys, is hosting a “toy-raiser” to benefit For Love of Children, which raises funds to provide enrichment and educational activities for Dayton-area children in need. “Last year, Come in and see for yourself. FLOC provided holiday gifts to more than 2,000 children in need,” Rachel explains. “I hope to help them do even more than that this year. Through Dec. 1, people can choose to purchase a toy through me, to be donated straight to FLOC.” The toys will be delivered to FLOC’s Toy Cottage, where parents can THE SHOPS OF OTHE AKWOOD choose a gift for their child. COMPASSIONATE CARE AND Hall Hunger Initiative Manager Etana Jacobi and Greater Dayton Union Co-Op Initiative

Annual Friendship Dinner, at Sinclair Conference Center on Oct. 29.

buried in Cincinnati for his Eagle Scout project. He’s also planning to raise funds for flag holders at Jewish veterans’ graves.

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Kushner-Saudi Prince Continued from Page Seven resignation. What happened? Hariri has close business and family relations in Saudi Arabia, and MBS may have coerced his resignation as a means of sowing chaos in Lebanon, which he reportedly hoped would spark a punishing Israeli assault on Hezbollah. No one told the Israelis and they were not game to be Saudi Arabia’s proxy in its longstanding dispute with Iran. Did Kushner give MBS a green light? They chatted until 4 a.m. during the visit. We may never know what they discussed, but the proximity (and secrecy) of his visit so close to the Lebanon fiasco led to speculation that Kushner winked at MBS’s maneuvering. The crown prince arrested a bunch of his extended family at around the same time. That was the second round of arrests; the first was in June, soon after the Trump visit. Making matters murkier, Trump praised the prince for the arrests in a tweet. That peace deal Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas was summoned to Saudi Arabia the same month as Hariri, November 2017. What was said was not clear, but according to subsequent reports, MBS pressed Abbas to accept Kushner’s terms for a peace deal that would comprise a Palestinian quasi state with its capital in Jerusalem’s suburbs, as opposed to the city itself. Abbas reportedly declined, and Saudi statements denied that MBS had ever embraced such a proposal. One year later... A year after their snowbound bromance began, MBS was back in the United States for what was to be a turning point in the U.S.-Saudi relationship. He met with Trump, and Kushner helped organize a busy itinerary for the prince, including stops in high-tech centers on the East and West coasts to talk investment. MBS and his modernization proposals received glowing attention from influential columnists. Marring the visit was the revelation, first reported at the time by The Intercept, that MBS told Persian Gulf buddies that he had Kushner “in his pocket.” Is that the case? The Khashoggi mystery is not going away, and we may learn more soon.

Apple adds cream cheese to bagel emoji after complaints

When Apple released its bagel emoji in October, people weren’t exactly kvelling. On social media, New Yorkers and bagel lovers of all stripes lamented the icon’s aggressively plain appearance. Now Apple has responded. After its latest iOS software update, the emoji has a plumper, doughier look and a shmear of cream cheese. The revamped emoji got some love from at least one trusted source in a Tweet — Philadelphia Cream Cheese: “Hooray! Bagel lovers everywhere united and convinced @Apple to turn the plain #SadBagel into a delicious #HappyBagel and we are celebrating. #ItMustBeThePhilly.” — Josefin Dolstein, JTA


The Christian Arab dilemma Palestinian Christians denounce Israel in a vain effort to gain acceptance, even though it’s the best haven for their faith in the Middle East. By Jonathan S. Tobin But rather than see the emergence of Israel as a beaIsraeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu spoke con of hope for non-Muslim minorities, it’s also true to the Christian Media Summit in Jerusalem Oct. 14 that those who remain are most often the most ardent and uttered something that was incontrovertibly true: Israel-bashers. “Israel is the only country that protects the human Salman is a hypocrite in that he argued that acrights of all. We protect the religious rights of all. counts from the New Testament were historical truth. We don’t just protect Christian sites — we protect But he declares that Jewish claims that the Bible proChristian people. Christians should enjoy all freevides the historical basis for Israeli rights to the land, doms to worship as they please in the Middle East and especially to Jerusalem, were invalid and showed and anywhere else. And the only place in the Middle the Jews as trying to use their religion to assert a East where they can do so is Israel. We have no better “Divine right” to steal Palestinian Arab land to which friends in the world than our Christian friends.” they had no right. As further proof, he cited what has happened in In doing so, the mayor is merely following the Bethlehem, which was a city that Christians once party line of the Palestinian Authority he serves, dominated. The turning point was Israel’s 1995 which argues that Jewish claims to the land of Israel handover of the area to the Palestinian Authority unare fictional, and that the biblical Holy Temple was der the terms of the Oslo peace accords. Under Israeli not located on the Temple Mount (underneath the rule, Bethlehem was 80 percent Christian. Only 23 mosques that were subsequently built on their ruins), years later, its population is now 80 percent Muslim. whose remnants are clearly visible at the Western But while participants at the event, which was Wall. As Netanyahu again said at the summit, for organized by the Israeli government and is part of the proof of Jewish history, you need only get a shovel Jewish state’s outreach efforts to Christian supporters, and start digging anywhere in the country. applauded his statement, it drew negative reviews But the exchange between the prime minister from other Christians. and the mayor illustrates a fact of political life in the In particular, Bethlehem Mayor Anton Salman region. While Muslims have persecuted them, many denounced the prime minister’s comments. He said Christian Arabs have been the most ardent advocates the problem was entirely Israel’s fault, of pan-Arab nationalism and opponents citing “50 years of occupation” that had The persecution of Zionism. negatively affected Arab life in the terriFor example, George Antonius, a tories. In addition to complaining about of Christians has Lebanese Christian who ultimately Jewish settlements in the area, among settled in Jerusalem, was the leading resulted in the which he numbered Jerusalem neighideologue and historian of Arab nationborhoods like Gilo, Salman complained exodus of that alism. Like others of his faith, he sought about Israel’s security fence, parts of faith group from to create a Middle East in which Chriswhich lies close to his town. tians and Muslims would unite against the region. This isn’t the first time that Salman Jews and Europeans. But his efforts to has blamed Bethlehem’s problems achieve theoretical equality for Chrison Israel. In a 2017 column published in Haaretz, he tians in this manner ultimately ran afoul of Islamist lamented the fact that most U.S. Christians support Is- realities that served to marginalize and persecute nonraeli policies that he said “strangled Jesus’ birthplace.” Muslims even if they failed to destroy Israel. But, of course, Salman has no answer as to why The remnants of Christians living under Palestinian the Christian population in Bethlehem and the entire rule have no choice but to echo Muslim propaganda West Bank should collapse under P.A. rule at the same against Israel, despite the fact that the Jewish state time that we’re told that the overall Arab population offers Christians rights denied to them elsewhere in continues to grow at astonishingly high rates. the region. The reason is no secret. Though the Fatah Party of They want us to ignore the fact that it was Muslim both Yasser Arafat and Mahmoud Abbas is routinely terror gangs that took over parts of Bethlehem to turn described as a secular alternative to the Islamists of them into firing positions against Gilo and the rest of Hamas, it also treats Islam as the state religion and Jerusalem, as well as to besiege the Tomb of Rachel, bullies religious minorities as much as it does those and to force Israel to turn it into an armed fortress to who dissent against its kleptocratic rule. As soon as ensure that it would not be overrun or demolished as Arafat’s minions took over Bethlehem, Christians was the case with other Jewish holy sites. were pushed out and made to understand that they It’s important for Western Christians to understand had no future in the country. this dynamic and to realize that attacks on Israel from It’s a familiar pattern throughout the Middle East Palestinian Christians are more a symptom of the bulas communities of Christians that date back to the first lying and fear that is part of life under Muslim rule for millennia have been first marginalized and then pernon-Muslims than the faults of the Jewish state. secuted by the Muslim regimes that emerged in the While Israel is not perfect, Netanyahu is right when 20th century after the collapse of the Ottoman empire, he says that it is the only place in the Middle East and then the European colonial governments that where Christian communities can thrive. That is why ruled much of the region. The persecution of Christhe overwhelming majority of American Christians tians has resulted in the exodus of that faith group regards Israel with affection rooted in shared values from the region. about religious freedom. They also need to realize that the Palestinian Authority and Hamas are enemies of those values and the future of Christianity in the holy land. Send your letters (350 words max., thanks) to Jonathan S. Tobin is editor in chief of JNS — Jewish News The Dayton Jewish Observer 525 Versailles Drive Syndicate. Dayton, OH 45459 •

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Marcia Burick, granddaughter of Lillian and Rabbi Samuel Burick

which was passed on to my husband By Marshall Weiss, The Observer and me.” This summer marked the 60th anLefkowitz was born in Eperies, niversary of the opening of Goldman Hungary in 1875. His widowed mother Union Camp Institute, an overnight brought him and his two brothers to the summer camp of the Reform Jewish United States around 1881. Their mothmovement, in Zionsville, Ind. It also er was unable to support the family, marked the 60th anniversary of a dear and she abandoned Lefkowitz and one friendship that began there, between of his brothers at the Hebrew Orphan Marcia Burick and Helen Lefkowitz Asylum in New York. Lefkowitz lived Horowitz. And as they discovered that there from 1883 to 89. summer of 1958, they were rekindling “It was a German-Jewish philanthroa family friendship that began in 1906, py to civilize Russian-Jewish children,” when their grandfathers — both rabbis Helen says of the orphanage. in Dayton — first met. “While he went to City University, Helen’s grandfather was Rabbi David he did work at the Hebrew orphanage Lefkowitz, of Dayton’s Reform congreas a proctor to the children,” she adds. gation, B’nai Yeshurun — now Temple “And then, it was not an unusual thing Israel — from 1900 to 1920. that there was a connection to Hebrew Marcia’s grandfather, Rabbi Samuel Burick, served the Lithuanian Orthodox Union College in Cincinnati.” In Dayton, Lefkowitz quickly gained synagogue, Beth Abraham, from 1906 a reputation as a social reformer and to 1949. The rabbis, who came from distinctly different Jewish backgrounds, sought-after speaker in the general community. Non-Jews began attending developed a close bond. Together, they the young rabbi’s sermons worked for the betterment at his temple, on Jefferson of the Jewish community The rabbis Street between First and and to bring it closer tocame from Second Streets. He began gether. receiving invitations to Marcia, who lives in distinctly speak at civic events: to Northampton, Mass., and the student body of Steele different Helen, who lives much High School in 1903, on of the year in Cambridge, Jewish a lecture series at Christ Mass., shared their recollections with The Observer. backgrounds. Church also in 1903, and at a 1904 interfaith service David Lefkowitz arrived on the rostrum with NCR here first, beginning his work at B’nai head John Patterson. Yeshurun as a student rabbi. Lefkowitz would also attempt to “My grandfather, in the year 1900, bridge gaps among the distinct groups was in his final year at Hebrew Union that comprised Dayton’s Jewish comCollege in Cincinnati,” Helen says. He munity. met his wife, Sadie Braham, when he “My grandfather,” Marcia says of boarded in her family’s home. Helen said her grandfather’s rabbinic Samuel Burick, “had come from Poland class at HUC was the last to be ordained where he was trained, and then he went to Canada and then to Gary, Ind. There by its founder, Rabbi Isaac Mayer Wise. “And it was in his own home (Wise’s) was another wife who died but nobody ever talks about. And then he came to that he did so,” Helen says. “My Dayton, single, maybe six years after grandfather was given either then or at Rabbi Lefkowitz came. another time from Wise — and maybe “Rabbi Lefkowitz greeted and welall the ordained rabbis from that point comed my grandfather into the commuwere given — a (Havdalah) spice box, THE DAYTON JEWISH OBSERVER • NOVEMBER 2018

nity and invited him to the temple. And into the building,” Helen says. “She was older and gorgeous, of course. I they became friends.” learned that she was about to go to But leaders with Burick’s Orthodox Wellesley College. Wellesley was on my synagogue were not pleased with this. radar list. So Marcia was there when I “The powers that be at the synaarrived as a first-year student, and she gogue, the Wayne Avenue Synagogue,” was living in a dormitory across the Marcia says, “wrote him (Burick) a letway.” ter, castigating him for going to be with When Helen first arrived at Wellesa Reform rabbi. I’m not sure castigating ley, she says, “the first thing Marcia did is the right term.” was to call me to say, ‘I’ve got tickets Helen picks up the story. “I think to the World Series and I’ve got one they censured him,” she says of Burick, for you, Helen.’ I said, ‘I’m terribly who was about 25 years old then. sorry, Marcia. But I’m not inter“My grandfather always ested in baseball.’” laughed about it in later Helen didn’t realize days,” Marcia continues. how important sports “He said that he got the was to the Burick famhechsher (kosher certifiily. Marcia’s father, cation) in reverse. He Si, was the longtime said, instead of the sports editor of the Orthodox rabbi giving Dayton Daily News. the hechsher to the “Well, she managed Reform rabbi, Rabbi to forgive me over Lefkowitz gave him time!” Helen says. the hechsher of apMarcia would go on proval.” to work in government Members of Dayton’s at various times in her life. Weisman family brought “I taught a course on a cousin, Lillian Solnetzky, reinventing government and over from Russia in 1908 to become Burick’s bride. Rabbi David Lefkowitz served government reform in a “How could they Temple Israel from 1900 to 1920 number of places,” she says, including in Lithustand to have a single ania and in the Baltics, where she’s rabbi?” Marcia says of her grandfasearched for her roots. ther’s congregants. Helen received her master’s and Ph.D. in American civilization from Out of Zionsville Harvard and became a history profesMarcia and Helen met through sor with a specialty in American culNFTY, the National Federation of tural history. She’s taught at MIT, Union Temple Youth. College, Scripps College, USC, and on “I was secretary of Ohio Valley Fedthe faculty of Smith College from 1988 eration of Temple Youth,” Marcia says, until her retirement in 2010. During her “and I spent a lot of time my senior 22 years at Smith, Helen lived only a year going with Elmer and Dorothy few miles from Marcia. Moyer. Dorothy and my mother (Rae “Marcia and I used to always go out Burick), did every philanthropic thing and have a glass of wine at the Hotel there was to do in Dayton together.” Northampton on her birthday,” The Reform movement had put Helen says. Elmer Moyer in charge of seOne Passover Seder that lecting the site for a regional Marcia hosted ended up Reform overnight summer a who’s who of descencamp. dants of Dayton rabbis, “I traveled with them including Helen; a on four or five difgreat-granddaughter ferent weekends, all of Rabbi Philip Weisover the area,” Marman, who served Beth cia continues. “And Jacob in the 1890s; and they found a camp in a granddaughter of Zionsville, Ind. Within Rabbi Selwyn Rustwo or three months, lander, Temple Israel’s they bought the camp rabbi from 1947 until his and got it ready for the death in 1969. summer of ‘58, which was the summer I had graduated from high school (FairThe German/ view) and was about to Eastern European Rabbi Samuel Burick served Beth Abraham from 1906 to 1949 Jewish divide go off to college.” The camp hired MarIn the early 1900s, the cia for that first summer as its secreestablished, acculturated German Jews tary, “a fancy term for the person who — successful merchants and professtocked the canteen and carried the sionals who had arrived in Dayton laundry into town, and fell in love with beginning in the 1840s — comprised the the president of NFTY,” she quips. Reform Jewish community. They lived Helen, whose father was a rabbi in downtown in the area of North Robert Shreveport, La., was president of the Boulevard. Southern Federation of Temple Youth. Their poorer Eastern European She arrived at the new camp as a high cousins, who began arriving in the schooler. 1880s due to raging antisemitism in the “We got to chatting, because Marcia Russian Empire, made their homes in sat sort of in the front as you walked Continued on Page 23

A Multicultural Women’s Empowerment Dinner & Program Wednesday, November 14 5:30–8PM Boonshoft CJCE Join us for a unique and inspiring program as a delegation of Jewish, Muslim, and Christian Israeli women share with us their experience of coming together to explore their cultural differences while breaking down barriers and stereotypes. Through mutual respect and open minds, these women have empowered one another and developed strong relationships between their respective communities. Dine on a delicious vegetarian dinner as we learn from this amazing group of women leaders. $15 per person.

WHAT IS Partnership2Gether (P2G)? The Western Galilee P2G connects the U.S. Central Area Consortium consisting of 14 U.S. Jewish Federation communities, Budapest, Hungary and Israel’s Western Galilee. Dayton is part of this inclusive and active network of people focused on the mutual exchange of ideas and programs with the goal of developing relationships to strengthen our global Jewish Identity.

RSVP ONLINE AT BY NOVEMBER 2. This program is made possible through a grant from the World Religion Foundation.

Jewish Federation






CONGREGATIONS Beth Abraham Synagogue Conservative Rabbi Joshua Ginsberg Cantor/Dir. of Ed. & Programming Andrea Raizen Mornings, Mon. & Thurs., 7:15 a.m.; Tues., Wed., Fri., 7:30 a.m. Evenings, Mon.-Fri., 5:30 p.m. Sun., 8:30 a.m. Sat. , 9 a.m.; Youth Service, 10:30 a.m. 305 Sugar Camp Circle, Oakwood. 293-9520. Beth Jacob Congregation Traditional Saturdays 9:30 a.m., Sundays 8 a.m., Sunday through Friday, 7 p.m. 7020 N. Main St., Dayton. 274-2149. Temple Anshe Emeth Reform 320 Caldwell St., Piqua. Call Eileen Litchfield, 937-5470092, Correspondence address: 3808 Beanblossom Rd., Greenville, OH 45331. Temple Beth Or Reform Rabbi Judy Chessin Educator/Rabbi Ari Ballaban Fridays 7 p.m. Saturdays 10 a.m. 5275 Marshall Rd., Wash. Twp. 435-3400. Temple Beth Sholom Reform Rabbi Haviva Horvitz See Web site for schedule. 610 Gladys Dr., Middletown. 513-422-8313. Temple Israel Reform Senior Rabbi Karen Bodney-Halasz Rabbi/Educator Tina Sobo First Friday each month 6 p.m. All other Fridays 6:30 p.m. Saturdays 10:30 a.m. 130 Riverside Dr., Dayton. 496-0050. Temple Sholom Reform Rabbi Cary Kozberg Fridays 6 p.m. 2424 N. Limestone St., Springfield. 399-1231.

ADDITIONAL SERVICES Chabad of Greater Dayton Rabbi Nochum Mangel Associate Rabbi Shmuel Klatzkin Youth & Prog. Dir. Rabbi Levi Simon, Teen & Young Adult Prog. Dir. Rabbi Elchonon Chaikin. Beginner educational service Saturdays 9 a.m. adults, 10 a.m children. Sundays 9 a.m. 2001 Far Hills Ave. 643-0770. Yellow Springs Havurah Independent Services 1st & 3rd Saturdays, 10-noon. Antioch College Rockford Chapel. Contact Cheryl Levine, 937-767-9293. PAGE 22

All who are hungry need to eat By Rabbi Tina Sobo Temple Israel We are taught as Jews that we are to “walk in God’s ways (Deut 26:17),” which among interpretations in the Talmud means to do as God does: clothe the naked as God did for Adam and Eve, visit the sick as God did for Abraham, comfort mourners as God did for Isaac, and bury the deceased as God did for Moses (Sotah 14a).

Perspectives There are many other examples we can draw on, including feeding the hungry. For 40 years as the Israelites wandered the desert after leaving Egypt, God fed us with manna — everyone: Moses, Aaron, Miriam, the heads of the tribes, the priests, down to the wood chopper and water drawer. Everyone had food for their needs. We must aspire to fulfill the divine within us to help others meet those needs. Has there been a time over the last 12 months when you did not have adequate nutritious food for yourself or your family, when you did not know what your next meal might be? Over my two years in Dayton, I’ve come to love so much of what this city has to offer. One thing I don’t love is that while 13 percent of Americans in 2016 experienced food hardship or food insecurity (not having access to affordable and nutritious food), 15.1 percent in Ohio did, and 17.5 percent in Montgomery County did, including 22 percent of our children. In 2014-15, Dayton was the metropolitan area with the second highest rate of food insecurity in the nation.

question). What food items To me, this is a huge probare SNAP-eligible and which lem. This is our problem as ones aren’t? How do I balance a Jewish community — both the need for nutritious food because our fellow Jews are hungry (food insecurity doesn’t with affordable and accessible food (apples or Ramen)? Are discriminate), and because we there categories of foods that I are responsible to our neighcan get from other sources — bors as humans. available to those on governThe issue is not about the ment assistance, school lunch amount of food we produce programs that require balanced as a society. The issue is one meals, soup kitchens, etc.? of distribution. If all the food West Dayton is a food desert. we produce were distributed evenly, we would have enough There is no full-service grocery store in the neighborhood. The grain alone to feed every huclosest grocery store man 3,200 calories a to where ALDI (the day (well beyond the last one in the neighaverage need of 2,000 borhood) was, is four calories), and that miles away. doesn’t account for In Judaism, it does meat, dairy, vegetables, not matter who is fruits, etc. hungry. All who are There are areas hungry need to eat. called “food deserts” All who are hungry — places that do not are within our responhave an accessible fullRabbi Tina Sobo sibility. service grocery store. The food desert in West We need accessible, affordable, Dayton is our problem as Daynutritious food. tonians, as Jews, as humans. There are those in Dayton We are obligated to care. We and across our country who are obligated to do something use money they would othabout it. erwise spend to get sufficient So what can we do about it? food just to get to the grocery One answer is Gem City Marstore in the first place. ket. Many of West Dayton’s In a food desert, food may be accessible but not affordable residents receive government and/or non-profit financial or nutritious. Or it may be afassistance. But they don’t have fordable and/or nutritious but the ability to buy the food they not easily accessible. need or buy it at a reasonable Each grocery trip is a calprice. culated decision of what you It’s one thing to pay conveneed, and how and where you nience store prices when you are going to get it with the run out of eggs in the middle of resources you have. preparing a meal; it is another You have to ask yourself: Is to have to buy all your grocerit worth sacrificing some food ies at that price day in and day money to get to a place that has more nutritious food? How out. Two major grocery stores have failed to make enough of will you transport it back? a profit to stay open in West How will you store it (and if you are experiencing homeless- Dayton. If you were a grocery store ness, that’s a whole different chain, would you want to buy either location and move in? Yet our Daytonians need food — that’s a fact of life. For West Dayton, there is no option. Gem City Market is trying something new to our area. It Torah is a cooperative grocery store, Portions meaning it will be community and worker owned, not corNovember 3 porate. It will provide “affordChayei Sarah (Gen. 23:1-25:18) able, quality, kitchen staples, including well-stocked fresh November 10 produce and meat departToledot (Gen. 25:19-28:9) ments, as well as specialty, local and organic products.” November 17 It will feature a hybrid pricVayetze (Gen. 28:10-32:3) ing strategy, meaning basics will be priced for those on a November 24 limited food budget, while Vayishlach (Gen. 32:4-36:43)

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specialty items will be priced for those with more disposable income, and will include 15-20 percent local products (produce, meat, dairy, bakery). Between jobs at the grocery store and helping support local food producers, this will also mean more employment opportunities in the area. Supporting a co-op model like this doesn’t just feed someone for a meal or a day, but allows those in West Dayton to begin to become self-sufficient in obtaining accessible, affordable, nutritious foods. The community has a stake in the store, meaning if it begins to struggle, the community can support it through that struggle, rather than making a financial decision to close, knowingly leaving an entire neighborhood without access to proper food. Gem City Market has the potential not only to bring affordable, accessible, nutritious food into the food desert of West Dayton, but to do so in a way that will bring more than just food to the neighborhood. So what can you do? You can financially support this endeavor. There are memberowner shares and other ways to support the store. But even if you can’t afford to support the endeavor financially, you can talk about it, promote it, like it on Facebook, shop there when it gets off the ground. We can support other organizations that are working to bring or provide affordable, accessible food to others. We can continue to donate food items — new or even leftovers — to House of Bread and other pantries for those in need. Rabbi Lord Jonathan Sacks of England has said that “One of (my) favorite Jewish sayings is, ‘Many people worry about their own stomachs and the state of other people’s souls.’ The real task is to do the opposite: to worry about other people’s stomachs and the state of your own soul.” Or as Rabbi Israel Salanter (1810-1883) used to put it: “Someone else’s material needs are my spiritual responsibility.” May you be inspired to do something toward making affordable, accessible, nutritious food a basic need that is met in our community, Ohio, America, and worldwide.


60-year friendship, 112 years in the making


Continued from Page 21 “That was the big thing my tion with the Jewish Federanumber of local Jews enlistGregory Alan Smith M.D., grandfather talked about. After ing in the armed forces when tion. the vicinity of Wayne Avenue age 63, formerly of Dayton, the flood, when Rabbi Lefkow“My grandfather had a between Fifth and Wyoming the United States entered the passed away Sept. 29 in itz helped rescue people, and stroke, I think in 1948,” Marcia Streets in the East End, down war, and even to celebrate the Tucson. Dr. Smith was a retired then founded the Red Cross (in Balfour Declaration, “in regard says, “and he died in 1957. He to South Park. anesthesiologist who practiced 1917), he involved my grandfa- to the resettlement of Jerusalem was in a wheelchair for all that Dayton’s Eastern European medicine in Cincinnati, South ther and grandmother in that.” time, but his mind was there. Jews prayed at Orthodox synafor the Jews after the war.” Bend, and Tucson. He was a The Jewish Federation, unHe could talk softly.” gogues: Russian Jews at Beth Lefkowitz would move graduate of Fairview High der Lefkowitz’s guidance, proThe year after Rabbi BuJacob, 358 E. Wyoming St., and his family to Dallas in 1920, School, Kent State University, vided relief loans for those hit rick’s death, Marcia came Lithuanian Jews at Beth Abrawhere he would serve as rabbi and received his M.D. from hardest by the flood. By 1915, home from her summer at the ham, 530 S. Wayne Ave. of Temple Emanu-el until his Toledo Medical School. Dr. several borrowers could not Zionsville camp. She told her Helen says the grandfathers retirement in 1948; he died in Smith was preceded in death repay them, and the Federation 1955. grandmother, “Bubbe Burick,” refused to let the German/ by his parents, Laverne and set aside loans “on which payEastern European Jewish di“He is remembered in Dallas she had met Helen Lefkowitz, Marilyn Smith. He is survived ment would be a hardship.” the granddaughter of Rabbi vide stand in their way. mainly for his public opposiby his wife, Lisa; daughters, When Beth Abraham Lefkowitz. “They worked at it, even tion to the rise of the KKK,” Abagail and Haley; brother, dedicated a new Torah scroll Marcia remembers her though it was initially critiHelen says. “He was outspoLee Smith; sister and brotherin September grandmother’s reaction: “Oh, cized,” she says. ken on that at a time when it in-law, Myra and Scott Kotick; he was such a mensch. He was Crisis and and many other relatives and The Great Flood 1913 to replace was considered quite dangerone that was such a good friend. Yes, he was friends. Interment was at Beth need ultimately ous, particularly for a Jew.” of 1913, and destroyed in the so good to us, and so welcomnudged segLefkowitz would become Abraham Cemetery. If desired, flood, Lefkowitz president of the Central Coning.” ments of Daymemorial contributions may then the First joined Burick to ton’s Jewish ference of American Rabbis, be made to Beth Abraham World War united help officiate at and later in life, had a radio Marshall Weiss, editor and community Synagogue in Dr. Smith’s the ceremony. publisher of The Dayton Jewish closer together, Dayton’s Jewish show in Dallas. memory. Beth AbraObserver, is the author of Jewish albeit reluctantly. Burick continued to play a community more ham’s woodCommunity of Dayton (Arcadia In 1910, key role in aiding observant than ever before. frame building Jewish transients, in consulta- Publishing). Lefkowitz Our Family was also washed brought together Serving businessmen from his German- away in the flood. And when Your Beth Abraham dedicated its Jewish congregation to estabFamily new building at the same site lish the Federation of Jewish in 1918, along with Burick Charities of Dayton to provide For More and out-of-town rabbis who impoverished Jews — generLICKLER UNERAL OME Than 90 addressed the congregation in ally the Eastern Europeans — Years Yiddish, Lefkowitz delivered a with interest-free loans, food, REMATION ERVICE speech in English. clothing, and coal. With the increase in tranTwo years later, the Jewsients coming through Dayton, ish Federation formally asked the two worked with the Fedofficers of Beth Abraham and eration to care for those who Beth Jacob synagogues to send were Jewish. representatives to serve on “He never knew how many the Federation board. Minutes Funeral Homes, Inc. from the time indicate that Beth people would be at the dinPre-need Arrangements ner table,” Marcia said of her Pre-paid Funeral Trusts Abraham did, but Beth Jacob Larry S. Glickler, Director Cremation Services • Transfers grandfather. did not respond; the congreDayton’s ONLY Jewish Funeral Director North Main Chapel Beginning in 1916, all seggation’s sense of dignity may 1706 N. Main Street ments of Dayton’s Jewish comhave been the reason. 1849 Salem Avenue, Dayton, Ohio 45406-4927 Huber Heights Chapel munity would meet together In 1927, Harold Silver, of 5844 Old Troy Pike (937) 278-4287 to raise funds for Jewish war the Bureau of Jewish Social For Both Locations Call 275-7434 Research, wrote that the Jewish relief in Europe, to increase the immigrants of Eastern Europe “made no secret of the fact that in addition to desiring a kosher The Dayton Jewish Observer New & Renewing Voluntary Subscribers • Sept. 5 - Oct. 3 ritual and to help the poor in their own spirit, they wanted Todd & Gabriele Leventhal New Guardian Angels Sue & Bill Kelius Buck Run Commercial Doors & to show the German Jews Beverly Louis Lee & Patti Schear Barbara & Ira Kushnir Hardware Inc. Perry Lubens Carol Levitan Mrs. Melvin Crouse that they were not schnorers Dr. David & Joan Marcus New Angels Stephen Levitt M.D. Dr. Scot Denmark (moochers) or parasites.” Marvin & Susan Mason Betty Bremen Levy Family Esther & DeNeal Feldman Of the German Jews, MorSuzi & Jeff Mikutis Barb Gronefeld Susan L. Smith Mr. & Mrs. Bruce Feldman ris D. Waldman, founder and Irvin & Gayle Moscowitz Jane & Dan Miller Mr. & Mrs. Oscar Soifer Lynn Foster Bobbie & Jack Myers Bella Freeman head of numerous national Ron & Sue Nelson Double Chai Current Guardian Angels Debby & Bob Goldenberg Jewish programs, wrote in John & Sharyn Reger Claudia & Bill Fried Howard & Judy Abromowitz Judi & George Grampp 1916, “It has been customary Russ Remick Helene Gordon Congregation Anshe Emeth Art & Joan Greenfield for the early settler to regard Brenda Rinzler Donald & Harriet Klass Tara & Adam Feiner Susan & Joe Gruenberg the later arrival as inferior. The Cherie Rosenstein Jan Maharam Groundskeeper Landscape Group Dr. & Mrs. Stephen Harlan Steven & Barbara Rothstein Richard & Judy Mutzman Marilyn & Larry Klaben Bea Harris tendency on the part of earlier Dr. & Mrs. Gerald Rubin Bart Weprin Bernard Rabinowitz Robert & Vicky Heuman German Jewish settlers to look Jan Rudd-Goenner Steve & Shara Taylor Sylvia & Ralph Heyman askance at the later Russian Marc & Maureen Sternberg Subscribers Steve and Rachel Jacobs Jewish immigrants was not to Col. Jeffrey Thau, USAF, (Ret.) Rita H. Bloom Current Angels Michael Jaffe & Rina Thau Jacob Elder Ken Baker, K.W. Baker & Assoc. Dr. & Mrs. David Joffe be wondered at.” Julie & Adam Waldman & Family Rose T. Frank Anita Barrett Dennis Kahn & The Great Flood of 1913, Judith & Fred Weber Alan D. Gabel Skip & Ann Becker Linda Ohlmann Kahn and then the First World War Donald & Caryl Weckstein Isak Gershon Mr. & Mrs. Joseph Bettman Susan & Stanley Katz united Dayton’s Jewish comHyla & Ray Weiskind Gold Family John Bloom Jerome Krochmal munity more than ever before. Michael & Karen Weprin Helen Halcomb Amy & Michael Bloom Kim Kwiatek Stuart & Gail Weprin Diane June Handler Ken & Lisa Blum Laurie & Eddie Leventhal “They worked together Dr. Judith Woll & Ron Bernard Jean Isenberg Alex & Jane Briskin Sarah Moore Leventhal on flood relief,” Marcia says.


G &C








More precious than rubies The Bible: Wisdom Literature

My 5-year-old granddaughter’s favorite birthday present this year was Amy Rosenthal’s Dear Girl, a charming book with an empowering message about being uniquely yourself. Her mother texted: “While reading she looked up and said, ‘This makes my heart happy.’”

Candace R. Kwiatek It may surprise you to learn that the Bible’s message to and about women is also about empowerment and being uniquely yourself. Perhaps your impression has been that biblical women are invisible, second-class non-citizens whose only purposes are having children and “keeping the tents.” Perhaps you’ve learned that biblical women have no unique identities, make no contributions, and offer no wisdom, with only rare exceptions. Or perhaps you’ve heard about biblical women only as objects and victims or arche-

types of sin and evil. These caricatures may be due more to biblical commentary than to the Bible itself. Inevitably influenced by the historical era in which it is written, commentary often reflects contemporaneous interpretations and stereotypes: Hellenist, medieval, feminist. On occasion it’s deliberately crafted to reinforce a cultural norm, as in the misuse of biblical text to justify slavery. And sometimes commentary relies heavily on previous biblical interpretation without examining the text itself and perhaps finding new insight. Misunderstandings about biblical women may also arise from limited exposure to actual stories in the text or unfamiliarity with their historical context. But the Hebrew Bible is and has always been revolutionary, asserts biblical and ancient Near East scholar Dr. Nili Samet. “While it was part of the ancient world, it challenged the prevailing culture and presented new ways to think about the social order,” Samet writes, and that includes the place of women in society.

In truth, women honor your father and from Eve to Esther your mother, while in have significant roles Leviticus, it is to revere in the Israelite story as your mother and your musicians, prophetfather. esses, heroes, judges, It’s a “reversal warriors, trendsetters, intended to show both monarchs, midwives, parents are equally artisans, mediums, entitled to these behavand teachers as well as iors,” explains Tracey mothers and wives. Rich, creator of jewfaq. They engage in org. medicine, business, There’s no need for politics, and espioMyers-Briggs Type nage. Rarely sinful or The Daughters of Zelophehad, from the 1908 Bible and Indicator personality Its Story Taught by One Thousand Picture Lessons evil, biblical women tests to conclude that are clever, curious, courageous, biblical women excel in intercreative, competent, clear-sight- who is opposite, corresponding personal wisdom. ed, and uniquely spiritual. Just a few examples suffice. to, or in front of him. Read their stories. “Scripture Midwives Shifra and Puah use God creates woman. Not a never discounts the female servant, but a partner with man Pharaoh’s medical and cultural intellect, downplays the talents — equals — who both chalignorance to explain why Israeland abilities of women, or disite boys are still being born. lenge and complete each other. courages the right use of womThe daughters of Zelophehad After birthing Cain, Eve en’s spiritual gifts,”concludes present inheritance facts, while announces she has “created a Pastor John MacArthur. man with the Lord’s help.” The Tamar uses physical evidence to Let’s explore a few of the same Hebrew word for “create” prove her innocence to all-male myriad biblical texts that reveal is used by King Malchizedek courts. revolutionary and relevant cul- to acknowledge the creative To reveal Haman’s plot, Estural notions about women. ther appeals to the party-loving power of God, Bible scholar “The Bible’s high view of Ahashverus and pride-filled Carol Meyers notes. women is rooted in creation,” Haman with noble feasts. From From then on, biblical notes religion author Lita Coslowly to lofty, biblical women women are said to “bear chilner. are notably people-smart. dren,” but Eve set the benchNot only are women and In Proverbs, a young man is mark. “Creating a man ‘with’ men equally created in the God puts female creative power instructed, “Blessed is the man image of God, but when God who finds wisdom...Her value alongside that of God,” Myers evaluates Creation, “In the first writes. in trade is better than silver.” and only negative statement He Wisdom has been the quest The tender-eyed, unloved says that it is ‘not good’ for man matriarch Leah, married off of many civilizations since to be alone,” Cosner continues. through trickery, names all antiquity. Even God isn’t enough. Man seven of her children, spotlightProverbs also suggests that needs a helpmate, a partnera virtuous woman is to be ing a little-known statistic. helper, a helper-against, one similarly treasured: “A wife of According to a study by noble character who can find? ancient history scholar EdShe is worth far more than ruward Bridge, “biblical women bies.” That a righteous woman predominantly name (the) is revered at the same level as children.” It’s a powerful legacy, Bridge wisdom is high praise indeed. Although limited in number, notes. “The names of 10 tribes come from the mother,” includ- biblical texts about women reflect individuality, empowering Judah from whom the Jewment, contribution, and honor. ish people arise. If the Bible elevates women The Fifth Commandment alongside wisdom as valued obligates honor and revertreasures, perhaps we ought to ence toward both parents. In pick it up for another look. Exodus, the command is to

Literature to share

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A Stone for Sascha by Aaron Becker. This achingly beautiful wordless illustrated book by the award-winning authorartist of Journey is an inspiration for imagination. When a young girl’s beloved pet dies, she embarks on a fantastical journey across time and space while gathering pebbles at the beach. Ultimately she discovers a profound truth about life and death. A brilliant story for discussion, inspiration, and comfort. Highly recommended for all ages. Promised Land: A Novel of Israel by Martin Fletcher. If you loved Leon Uris’ Exodus and enjoy the twists and turns of family sagas, this is the novel for you. A former NBC correspondent in Israel, Fletcher is a masterful storyteller who uses inviting descriptions, realistic dialogue, compelling characters, and real events to bring the story of modern Israel’s early years to life. This novel is historical fiction at its best. Highly recommended. THE DAYTON JEWISH OBSERVER • NOVEMBER 2018

For the meatballs: 2 lbs. dark meat ground chicken or turkey 2 cups cooked Basmati or Jasmine rice (about 3/4 cup uncooked) 1 large onion, minced very fine 1 large clove of garlic, finely grated or minced 1 large egg 21/2 tsp. kosher salt (Diamond brand) Ground pepper, to taste Chopped flat leaf parsley, for garnish

Russian Meatballs The ultimate comfort food By Sonya Sanford The Nosher What makes Russian meatballs, tefteli, different from other kinds? They are typically made with rice rather than breadcrumbs. Some folks make them with beef, some with chicken or turkey. Some cooks dust the meatballs in flour and then brown them before adding them to the sauce. Shredded carrot is added typically to the base of the tomato sauce, adding sweetness. Tefteli are also meant to be eaten on their own as a main course, and they are frequently served with creamy mashed potatoes, but I also love them with a side of polenta, or even with just a slice of good crusty bread. Every time I make tefteli I try to replicate what my grandmother made for me. Yes, I’m biased, but her meatballs are the best I’ve ever tried. This recipe is fairly simple in terms of its ingredients

and steps, but the key to her tefteli’s success is one step that you can’t rush or skip: caramelizing the onions. Note: Meatballs can be made several days in advance, and they freeze and reheat well. For the sauce: 1 large yellow onion, diced small 3 Tbsp. oil (sunflower, avocado, or canola) 1 large carrot, peeled and shredded 2-3 cloves garlic, minced fine 2 Tbsp. tomato paste 1 (28-oz.) can crushed tomatoes 2 (15-oz.) cans plain tomato sauce/puréed tomatoes 2 Tbsp. maple syrup or 1 Tbsp. sugar, or to taste 2 tsp. dried oregano or thyme Pinch of red pepper flakes, or to taste 1 (28-oz.) can filled with water (about 31/2 cups) Salt and pepper, to taste



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1. To make the sauce: Add oil to a Dutch oven or large heavybottomed pot over medium heat. Add the diced onion to the pot. Allow the onion to soften and caramelize until golden, stirring occasionally, about 15 to 20 minutes (you can go for longer if you want the onion to caramelize more deeply). 2. Add grated carrot, minced garlic and a big pinch of salt to the pot. Stir and sauté for three to four minutes, or until the carrot has softened and the garlic is aromatic. Add the tomato paste and stir until everything is coated, about one minute. Add the crushed tomato, tomato sauce, maple syrup, herbs and chili flakes to the pot. Fill the empty 28-ounce can of crushed tomatoes with water and add that water to the pot. Taste and season with salt and pepper. Let the mixture come up to a simmer. 3. To make the meatballs: In a large bowl, combine the ground meat, cooked rice, and onion. I like to use a microplane to grate my garlic straight into the bowl. Add the salt, pepper and egg. 4. Combine everything until

well incorporated, but make sure not to overmix or the meat can become tough. Clean hands work best for this. Before I cook the meatballs, I like to take a spoonful of the mixture and cook it in a small pan to taste for seasoning. I add more salt or pepper accordingly. 5. Form the ground meat mixture into even-sized balls. I prefer my tefteli slightly larger than a golf ball, but make them according to your own preferences. Drop the formed meatballs into the simmering sauce. 6. Make sure the sauce returns to a simmer, then lower the heat and partially cover the pot with a lid. Simmer the meatballs for 35 to 45 minutes or until cooked through. If you find the sauce is too thick, you can add more water. If you want the sauce less thick, you can simmer it for longer to reduce and thicken. Serves four to six.

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CNN commentator talks about hate and hope Paul Takeuchi

By Judy Bolton-Fasman In her new book, liberal writer and political commentator Sally Kohn explores what drives us to hate, and how we can exchange our biases for hope. She’ll discuss The Opposite of Hate: A Field Guide to Repairing Our Humanity on Nov. 5 as part of the JCC’s Cultural Arts & Book Fest.



community Temple Israel • • 937.496.0050 130 Riverside Drive, Dayton, OH 45405 A Reform Synagogue open to all who are interested in Judaism. Childcare provided during Friday services and Sunday school. PAGE 26

Why did you write this book? I always thought hate was someone else’s problem. When I went to work at Fox News as a liberal lefty, I thought they all hated me. But I realized when I went there, first, they were all quite nice people. They were not the horrible stereotypes I expected them to be. That was a shock to my system. I thought I’d hate them. That led me on this lifelong journey to try to understand why we hate, how we hate, and what we can do about it. You introduce your book with an episode of childhood bullying in which you were the bully. What was it like to look back on that episode as an adult? Every time I get asked that question, I feel a pang of remorse all over again. That might be your answer. It’s hard to confront anything we do that is imperfect. But it is also through confronting those incidents that we learn and grow and change. I can’t say that I want others to learn and grow and change if I’m unwilling to do so myself. Why did you decide to confront some of your trolls personally? Why were these people worse on Twitter than in person? One of the things I talk about in the book is the scholarship of why people act out online. It is harder to do that face to face. But social media also allows for sharing some incredible stories about people doing unbelievably kind things for others that are deeply transformative. One of the ways in which I confront hate and deal with it on a daily basis is on my Twitter feed. Some people lead me to ask, how can people do this? I wanted to understand who these people are. Why do they hate me? They don’t think they’re hateful. They think I’m the hateful one. None of us, by and large, think we’re the problem. It’s a philosophy of hate that is extremely common. You write about a young Palestinian named Bassam Aramin, who cofounded Combatants for Peace with former Israeli soldiers. What opened Aramin’s eyes to stop hating in his

Sally Kohn

own life? Bassam is one of the stories I tell in my book, which gives me hope that none of us have to be hateful because of the things we’ve done or said in our lives. We all have the capacity for change. When Bassam was a teenager, he was, by his own account and Israel’s account, a terrorist. He was convicted of terrorism for an attack for which he wasn’t physically present and no one was harmed — he went to prison. Bassam acknowledges that he wanted to hurt and kill Israelis and Jews. In his mind and life, the two were conflated. The only Jews he knew were Israeli soldiers. In prison he saw a film about the Holocaust, which completely changed him. After prison, he got a master’s degree in Holocaust studies and founded this organization in which Israelis and Palestinians work together for common humanity and common understanding to find peace. Arno Michaelis, a former neoNazi, turned away from white supremacy. What does that say about how we come to hate and how we give up hating? I was quite desperate to find evidence about how Arno became Arno. He grew up in the United States, where white racial supremacy exists in our institutions, culture, habits and psyche. The most extreme versions of that kind of hate are dormant in all of us. There is research in area after area that shows that a lot of the people who join hate organizations, terrorist groups or extreme anti-abortion groups don’t actually start out with those extremist, explicit, hateful views. People in those situations do what researchers call “sliding into hate.” On the one hand, it is tremendously unfathomable to hate that deeply. Yet on the other hand, it allows people to change. The JCC’s Cultural Arts & Book Fest presents Sally Kohn interviewed by WYSO and Dayton Daily News’ Vick Mickunas at 7 p.m. on Monday, Nov. 5 at the Boonshoft CJCE, 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville. Tickets are $5 in advance, $8 at the door and are available at, by calling 610-1555, or the evening of the event.


What is connection thinking — that the conscious effort to neutralize stereotypes is embedded in our amygdala? Culturally we are hardwired and predisposed to have a preference for our in-groups and a fear and even hostility toward out-groups. That’s like the hardware based on evolution. Who we hate, particular groups that we hate as human beings, that is software. That’s not baked into neuro-anatomy or biology; that is taught to us by the history and habits of the nation and the world we live in, which means we can change it. What did you learn in writing about the Rwandan genocide? The thing about Rwanda that took my breath away was knowing about the extreme brutality you hope human beings would never be capable of. There is also the immense — and equally if not more beautiful — possibility we all have for goodness, redemption, and kindness in the face of brutalities. It’s important to remember that we all have those capacities. At the same time, we all have the possibility and responsibility to see the light. What were some of the more profound moments you had while researching and writing this book? It was this constant duality — every time I learned about it, I was still surprised that as much as we like to think hate is a product of the extremes, it is something we all have the capacity for. Hate is something we all have done and it is something we can help to solve through our actions. There are things to do in terms of public policy, politics, culture and media. Each of us has to see our part. We’re part of the problem and part of the solution.

Israeli activist to discuss how Israel is winning the world’s water wars By Yaakov Schwartz Times of Israel Israelis have much to be proud of — the country has an impressively long list of accomplishments compared to its scant 70 years. Still, even the most patriotic Israeli would stop short of calling the nation a superpower. But that’s exactly what author Seth M. Siegel writes about in his New York Times bestseller, Let There Be Water: Seth Siegel Israel’s Solution for a Water-Starved World. Siegel will discuss Israel’s history and how it became a major player in the world’s water games for the Fred R. Leventhal Family Lecture at Wittenberg University on Nov. 7, in partnership with the JCC Cultural Arts & Book Fest. Water security is a subject that piqued Siegel’s interest when he attended a meeting at the Council on Foreign Relations, of which he’s a member. Siegel heard a U.S. government official tell members that the world was about The JCC’s Cultural Arts & Book Fest and Wittenberg University’s Fred R. Leventhal Family Lecture present Seth Siegel at 7:30 p.m. on Wednesday, Nov. 7 at Wittenberg University’s Weaver Chapel, 4 E. Campus Dr., Springfield. The event is free. The JCC will provide transportation from Meijer in Englewood for $20 with reservations by Oct. 30 to 610-1555.


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he’s given hundreds of interviews and lectures. “People are excited by the message of the book — that there is a solution for the coming global water crisis — and they come up to me afterward, I don’t mean one or two, but significant numbers of people. They tell me they want to come visit Israel and learn from Israel,” Siegel said. In the 1930s, British economists predicted that all of Palestine — including today’s Gaza, Israel, and the West Bank — had enough water to sustain 2 million people. Today, the area is home to more than 12 million people, and not only is there enough water to go around, but Israel is able to export billions of dollars worth of water and water-intensive produce to its neighbors annually. Siegel said that this is due to a culture of water conservation and economy. Over the years, Israel has implemented centralized water planning and real pricing, appointed regulators, educated citizens to conserve water, desalinated sea water, used drip irrigation and treated nearly all of its sewage, recycling it for crops. The result, Siegel said, is that while Israel has many problems, “in this one narrow area it’s a world leader.”

to enter a period of prolonged water shortage. “I came away with a feeling of, ‘My God, why don’t I know any of this?’ I asked senators and congressmen who were my friends — and they didn’t know about it either,” he said. Israel’s global standing when it comes to water management is particularly salient in an era in which experts predict that just as wars are fought over oil today, the wars of the near future will be fought over water. With scientists attributing mammoth droughts such as in California to climate change, and with the world’s largest aquifers “past the point of sustainability,” it looks like the near future is coming faster than we think. Despite the challenges, Israel is not just treading water — it’s thriving. “No other country with a growing population, growing economy and falling level of rainfall has been able to achieve anything remotely like what Israel has done,” Siegel told The Times of Israel in a 2015 interview. His message has been in such high demand that

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