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Interview with new Jewish Federation President David Pierce p. 3 November 2016 Tishri/Cheshvan 5777 Vol. 21, No. 2

Published by the Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton

The Miami Valley’s Jewish Monthly • Online at

Israel’s last founding father


Shimon Peres, 1923-2016


What we did and didn’t learn.

Not two sides to every issue


Liam Daniel/Beeker St

Black/Jewish relations from the Dayton riots through desegregation Deborah Lipstadt (R) & actor Rachel Weisz, who plays the historian in Denial

Israel’s super Egyptian spy

Address Service Requested

Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton 525 Versailles Drive Dayton, OH 45459


Ashraf Marwan at Anwar Sadat’s side

Friendship Village Retirement Community

From the residents and staff of Friendship Village

You’re Invited To our next monthly Friday Night Shabbat featuring a traditional Shabbat dinner with all your favorites

Program led by Joe Bettman

Friday, Nov. 25, 5 p.m. In The Atrium Dining Room Friday Night Shabbat is $10 per person. R.S.V.P. to 837-5581 ext. 1274.

A Salute To Our Veterans Veterans Day, Friday, Nov. 11 9 a.m.: Complimentary breakfast for Veterans. R.S.V.P. by calling 837-5581 ext. 1274.

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5790 Denlinger Road, Dayton, OH 45426 • PAGE 2

Israel trade rep opens doors for CommuterAds int’l. expansion Dayton-based CommuterAds — which has contracts with 13 public transportation authorities across the United States — is now in talks to bring its messaging technologies to Israel’s public transportation sector, thanks to Hadas Bar-Or, trade rep for the Dayton-Israel Regional Trade Alliance. “Andy Schwartz was telling us about this amazing trip that he had through DRITA and his company, Lion,” said Russ Gottesman, CEO of CommuterAds. Bar-Or then arranged for Gottesman and CommuterAds Senior New Business Development Director Ann Berger to attend the Digital-Life-Design Tel Aviv Meeting with Metropoline Transit in Kfar Saba, Conference, Sept. 27 and 28. She Israel on Sept. 28 to explore partnerships (L to R): also set up meetings for Gottes- Metropoline CTO Daniel Itach, CommuterAds Senior New Business Dev. Dir. Ann Berger, DRITA rep man and Berger with 12 Israeli Hadas Bar-Or, CommuterAds CEO Russ Gottesman, transportation sector agencies, Metropoline Marketing Dir. Livnat Cohen-Dan including Israel’s Ministry of ing tool allows businesses to access its Transport. “That was one of the top five business inventory in real time online. Gottesman and Berger also discussed meetings I’ve ever had in my career,” a potential partnership with an Israeli Gottesman said of his time with a representative of the Ministry of Transport. company to provide coding for back“He was articulate, he was understand- end development of its marketplace ing, he helped us, he walked us through buying tool. They’ve even hired an Israeli vendor to design CommuterAds’ the cultural differences between the interior office space in Dayton. states and Israel.” “What’s great about DRITA that we Gottesman said CommuterAds came away with requests for partnership out- didn’t know is, I’m not sure Ann and I lines with two of Israel’s top four transit could have secured any of the 12 meetings that we had, on our own,” Gottesagencies. man said. “Hadas is highly networked. “In Israel, the extra layer is you have And for us to secure a meeting with the to get approval through the Ministry of Transport, that controls the entire trans- Ministry of Transport on the day that they were coordinating transportation portation industry,” he added. Israel’s largest billboard company ex- for over 70 world leaders for the funeral of Shimon Peres — and still kept that pressed interest in adding its inventory meeting with us — was amazing.” to CommuterAds’ online marketplace ­— Marshall Weiss buying tool. The CommuterAds buy-

Hillel Academy musical celebrates bees Hillel Academy, the Dayton area’s Jewish day school, will present the allschool musical Bugz on Thursday, Nov. 17 at 5:45 p.m. The students, from kindergarten through sixth grade, will showcase their talents as well as their understanding of bees. The musical is part of Hillel’s project-based learning program for the school year, Bee The Change You Want To See.

Through the Levin Family Foundation and the Propolis Project, Hillel students are exploring the vital role pollinators play in the global ecosystem. The students are also learning about ways to help bees and other pollinators survive and thrive. The program is free and open to the public. Hillel is located on the third floor of 305 Sugar Camp Cir. in Oakwood. For more information, call the school at 277-8966.


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937-837-5581 Ext 1269


Hours: 7:00 a.m. to 2:00 Monday thru Friday The Coffee House is located just inside the Atrium entrance at Door 18. Watch

Arts & Culture...............................20


Calendar of Events.......................17


Family Education.........................23

Re l i g i o n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 9

Kvelling Corner............................18

Wo r l d . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8



‘It’s my turn to give back’

Linda Weprin Realtor/Broker Military Relocation Professional

An interview with new Federation President David Pierce

By Marshall Weiss, The Observer For attorney David Pierce, a little good timing goes a long way. A month after his installation as president of the Jewish Federation in August, the Federation received revenue of $957,672 from the HUD-approved sale of Covenant Manor Section 8 apartment complex in Trotwood to PF Holdings for $2 million. Pierce facilitated the sale on behalf of the Covenant Manor Board, which directed the revenue to the Federation after paying the remainder of its 40-year mortgage. Here, Pierce details his plans for the Federation during his term as president.

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What led you to follow the leadership track with the Federation culminating in its presidency? Why do you give so much of your time? Like many in the Dayton Jewish community, my family has a legacy of Jewish philanthropy and involvement. I was born in Dayton and lived here until I was in junior high school. I have fond memories of the Federation activities I engaged in as a child, such as playing in the JCC basketball league. So when I was asked to join the board, I viewed it as an honor, not an obligation. As to the time commitment, our Jewish community can only prosper if people are willing to step up and commit to being part of the discussion and to work together to find solutions to our problems.

tion. I am pleased to report that on Sept. 29, Covenant Manor was sold, and JFGD will be able to use the sale proceeds to bring us more financial flexibility to grow as a community.

became Tell us about president? your involvement Upon graduwith Dayton Bar Jewish Federation ation from law Association. President David Pierce school, I moved My first position back to Dayton and quickly as a licensed attorney was in became involved in young Dayton, where I had not lived adult events at Temple Israel for a while. I quickly found that and the Federation. From there, the Dayton Bar Association was I became involved with Tzeda- a terrific way to network with kah Sunday and other Federafellow attorneys and judges to tion programs, and received gain valuable knowledge as a the Allan L. Wasserman Young result of their experiences. Leadership Award As with the Federation, I find in 2007. that it’s my turn to give back. I Since that time, I frequently speak at continuing have been ineducation seminars and work volved in numerto mentor the next generation of ous employment lawyers in our community. and personnel I was recently nominated and issues, including elected second vice-president the decision to hire of the DBA, and will become Federation CEO president of the organization Cathy Gardner. the year after I finish my term Most recently, I accepted the as Federation board president. challenge of addressing issues with the nursing home formerly What is your vision for the known as Covenant House Federation? (Federation owns the property, My goal is to bring this which it leases to a private community together to create nursing care operator), and the a community-wide vision to relationship between Covenant make sure the Dayton JewManor and the Jewish FederaContinued on next page

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‘We need to anticipate our future demographic makeup.’

What key Federation initiatives have you been involved with before you

The Adventures of

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the 2020 Presidential Campaign begins Nov. 9. c O 2016 Menachem

From the editor’s desk

Will a national healing be possible after the Nov. 8 elections? No doubt we’ll find out in how each side chooses to forward its cause thereafter, which each sees as the bulwark against evil Marshall incarnate. For those who supWeiss port Clinton, it’s impossible to see how anyone of moral character could cast a vote for Trump. For those who support Trump, it’s the same in reverse. But will any of our elected or reelected leaders have the courage to dare to bring our balkanized citizens together? Will it be possible to come to the point where we can understand each other’s views and civilly, respectfully disagree? I’m not sure how this can happen, but it must. Otherwise we’ll never establish the dialogue necessary to work through and solve the real challenges we face as a country. What a lost opportunity this election cycle became. The only winners were the haters on the fringes. We must be better than this.

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David Pierce

Continued from previous page ish community doesn’t just survive, but thrives in the distant future. We need to anticipate our future demographic makeup and make sure we offer programs and services for those in need locally, in addition to Jews around the world.

29th ANNUAL INTERFAITH THANKSGIVING SERVICE The 29th Annual Interfaith Thanksgiving Service will be hosted by David’s United Church of Christ on Monday, November 21, 2016, at 7:30 pm. The Service will feature clergy and lay representatives from Temple Beth Or, Christ United Methodist Church, David’s United Church of Christ, and St. Charles Borromeo Catholic Church. The music offered will be selected pieces from combined choirs of each faith community. Food donations will be collected and distributed to the needy.

Temple Beth Or Honors Our Local Jewish War Veterans

Join us for our Community Veteran’s Day Shabbat Service Friday, November 11, 2016, 7:00 pm

What key initiatives will you undertake with Federation? Along with the visioning project, I am committed to overcoming the remainder of the challenges I inherited. First and foremost, is to make sure that the former Covenant House nursing home situation is stabilized. This property no longer serves the Jewish community and has been a drain on our balance sheet in recent years. What do you see as the greatest challenges over the coming years for the Federation specifically and our local Jewish community overall? How do you hope to address them? I don’t think we need the full results of our demographic study to understand that we have an aging Jewish population and that many of our seniors are moving out of the community. We need to make sure that we are addressing their needs. Just as important, however, is that we welcome and engage young Jewish professionals and families moving in to our community. One of the challenges of being the president of any non-profit board is that just about the time you figure out what you really need to do, your term is over. I have tried to prevent that by attending conferences such as Jewish Federations of North America’s General Assembly in Washington, D.C. prior to becoming president, to learn about Federation governance and how similar agencies address the problems we are facing.

Covenant Manor continues as HUD apartment facility

Sunday, December 11, 2016, 9:30 am to 1:30pm Wednesday, December 14, 2016, 4:30 pm to 6:30 pm


Contributors Rachel Haug Gilbert Candace R. Kwiatek Rabbi Tina Sobo Advertising Sales Executive Patty Caruso, Proofreaders Karen Bressler, Rachel Haug Gilbert, Joan Knoll, Pamela Schwartz Billing Jeri Kay Eldeen, 937-853-0372 Observer Advisor Martin Gottlieb Published by the Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton David Pierce President Judy Abromowitz Immediate Past Pres. Bruce Feldman President Elect Todd Bettman Officer Dr. Heath Gilbert Officer Beverly Louis Officer Mary Rita Weissman Officer Cathy Gardner CEO The Dayton Jewish Observer, Vol. 21, No. 2. The Dayton Jewish Observer is published monthly by the Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton, a nonprofit corporation, 525 Versailles Dr., Dayton, OH 45459. Views expressed by guest columnists, in readers’ letters and in reprinted opinion pieces do not necessarily reflect the opinion of The Dayton Jewish Observer, The Dayton Jewish Observer Policy Committee, the Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton or the underwriters of any columns. Acceptance of advertising neither endorses advertisers nor guarantees kashrut. The Dayton Jewish Observer Mission Statement To support, strengthen and champion the Dayton Jewish community by providing a forum and resource for Jewish community interests.

Temple Beth Or Annual Hanukkah Bazaar

Shop for Hanukkah supplies and Judaica to meet all your personal and gift needs. Plus, there will be local artisans and vendors offering a wide variety of merchandise. Join us for lunch on Sunday when the Temple Beth Or Brisketeers will sell bar-b-que brisket sandwiches and other goodies. Admission is free. Come early and SHOP!

Editor and Publisher Marshall Weiss 937-853-0372

Goals • To encourage affiliation, involvement and communication.

Jesse Philips (at podium, L) congratulates Robert Shapiro on Nov. 6, 1983 at the dedication of Covenant Manor in Trotwood. Shapiro served as Covenant Manor’s first board chair.

In 1983, the Covenant Manor Board opened its 50-unit housing complex — developed with the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development to serve low income seniors and those with disabilities — at the Jewish Federation’s campus in Trotwood. At the time, most area Jews lived nearby, in Dayton’s northern suburbs. In the late ‘80s and ‘90s, Covenant Manor became home to several elderly Jews whom the Federation had resettled from the former Soviet Union. With the HUD-approved sale of Covenant Manor to PF Holdings on Sept. 29, Jewish Family Services counselors continue to provide visits to the remaining Jewish residents, who live in nine apartments there. — Marshall Weiss

• To provide announcements, news, opinions and analysis of local, national and international activities and issues affecting Jews and the Jewish community. • To build community across institutional, organizational and denominational lines. • To advance causes important to the strength of our Jewish community including support of Federation departments, United Jewish Campaign, synagogue affiliation, Jewish education and participation in Jewish and general community affairs. • To provide an historic record of Dayton Jewish life.

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What we did and didn’t learn By Marshall Weiss The Observer


hursday, Sept. 2, 1976 marked day one of Dayton Public Schools’ implementation of its court-ordered desegregation plan to achieve racial balance. According to an Associated Press story, the first day of busing students across the city went “as smooth as silk,” with no demonstrations of any kind. It was also nearly a year since serial killer Neal Bradley Long had shot and killed Dr. Charles Glatt — the Ohio State professor assigned by the federal court to carry out the desegregation order in Dayton. “We won the desegregation, but we didn’t win anything,” said Jessie Gooding, who served as a vice president of the Dayton NAACP at the time. Dayton’s chapter was a driving force behind the 1972 federal lawsuit to integrate Dayton Public Schools, a case that would make its way to the U.S. Supreme Court and back to Federal district court. Gooding would lead Dayton’s NAACP as its president from 1985 until his retirement in 2003 — a year after NAACP and Dayton Public Schools reached a settlement to end the failed desegregation program. “The schools are more segregated now than they were in the ‘70s,” Gooding said. “It was the law of unintended consequences,” said U.S. District Judge Walter H. Rice, who inherited oversight of the implementation of the desegregation order for Dayton Public Schools when he was appointed a Federal judge for southern Ohio in 1980. “The motives were good, but it precipitated not only the flight of the white middle class, but also the flight of the black middle class,” Rice said. “And that’s when Dayton’s descent into poverty, I believe, began, because areas were left with no white or black middle-class role models or mentors.” From 1960 to 2016, Dayton’s population plummeted from 262,332 to 141,527. Student

enrollment in Dayton Public Schools went from 60,633 in 1965 to 14,000 today. “It went like a rock,” Dayton NAACP said Dan Past President Baker. He and his wife, Jessie Gooding Gwen Nalls, are the authors of Blood in the Streets: Racism, Riots and Murders in the Heartland of America, which chronicles Dayton’s racial struggles from 1966 through 1975. “No matter what else was being fixed inside the city, it was clear that the city was going to decline because of the population,” Baker said. “Probably one of the most significant things that drove so much movement out of the city was the fact that they elected to do a districtwide plan, not a regional plan like Indianapolis or other places where Dr. Glatt had been. No one would have had the stomach for a regional plan anyhow. They can’t even, for a regional operating government, as we already know right now.” Joe Bettman was among the desegregation activists who attempted to persuade suburban districts to join Dayton’s desegregation efforts, fully knowing how unlikely those districts would be to sign on. “How can you desegregate if you don’t have anybody to desegregate with?” Bettman said. “A national education maven had set up desegregation in Tampa and one other city, and he came to speak to us in Dayton,” Bettman said. “His theory was if you integrate the schools and do the busing of the kids from the white neighborhoods and so on — because you have to remember back in those days there was very segregated housing — if you did that, the kids from very disadvantaged homes would show improvement in their scholastic achievements, and the kids from more advantaged homes would not suffer their education. That was the

‘The schools are more segregated now than they were in the ‘70s.’

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Conclusion: Black/Jewish relations from the Dayton riots through desegregation

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U.S. District Judge Walter H. Rice

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theory. “Unfortunately, about five years after all this happened, I pick up a Parade magazine from the Sunday paper and this guy disavows: he misinterpreted his statistics. It was really devastating. We had worked so hard.” Rice pointed out that at the time of desegregation, housing opened up, “where it was no longer permissible to deny a person housing because of race, color, religion.” When asked what could have been done that might have brought more success to the attempt at desegregation, Rice said, “Other than barricading people into specific neighborhoods, I don’t know what could have been done. “In the last 10 to 12 years, there has been a conscious effort on the part of government to disperse housing, to place lower income or lower middle class income whites and blacks into suburban communities. Had that occurred sooner, it might have eased some of the problem. But the political will was not there to do that in the 1970s.”


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ayton City Commissioner Jeff Mims taught at Belmont High School when desegregation was implemented. He would go on to serve as president of the Dayton Education Association, president of the Dayton Board of Education, and as a representative on the Ohio School Board. “The sadness of it is — because society hadn’t done what it needed to do then — they forced the schools to do their job in terms of desegregating society,” Mims said. “The other sad part is, they did not give us what we needed. The only thing they gave the schools was a little bit of money for transportation. They did not give schools Continued on next page

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Community Chanukah Celebration Monday, December 12, 5:30–7:30PM @ Boonshoft CJCE Partnering with Beth Abraham Synagogue, Beth Jacob Synagogue, Chabad, Hillel Academy, Temple Beth Or, & Temple Israel

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What we did and didn’t learn “It had been a monumental accomContinued from previous page plishment for them,” Rice said of the money for a strong level of professional development and training in helping the Dayton NAACP, “and there was trementeachers and administrators understand dous frustration that it hadn’t succeeded to the extent they had wanted it to, and why we’re doing what we’re doing, they thought to remove the coercion of what we’re doing, and the purpose in terms of the whole process. We were left the busing order would make things worse. to figure it out on our own.” “Their position was not totally unjusEven so, Mims said the attempt at tified, because by the time the busing desegregation produced more pluses order was dissolved and we returned to than minuses. so-called neighborhood schools, a lot of “It gave people a better sense of the those neighborhood schools no longer fact that we had good people — white existed. They had been torn down, conand black — and we had bad people — white and black,” Mims said. “And that neither race has a corner on the market. It gave people a better view of human dynamics. If the teacher was comfortable enough and used those teachable moments, it became a success.” Robert Weinman, an asDayton City Blood in the Blood in the sistant superintendent of Commissioner Streets co-author Streets co-author Daniel L. Baker Gwen Nalls Dayton Public Schools at the Jeff Mims time of desegregation, said the integration of black and white teach- demned as unfit, and the like.” ers brought them together as friends, “It fragmented communities,” Mims “not just on school issues, but personally, said of Dayton’s attempt to desegregate. as they got to know each other better.” “There could have been so much more “There were an awful lot of disciplin- that we should have done, if there had ary problems,” Rice recalled. “People been more money. It could have been so weren’t used to getting along. But the much better.” one thing I think we got out of deseg Gooding said he still thinks the only that I don’t think should be overlooked way Americans will become equal as a is, we learned to co-exist with each society is to desegregate, but he doesn’t other on an equal basis. I mean, blacks know when that will happen. and whites had always interacted but it “The United States is funny,” Gooding was almost like an employer/employee says. “They ain’t ready. They ain’t got basis. But here, our kids were forced to over slavery with black folks. Somehow go to school together and they liked or or another, they want to keep us subserdisliked people because they were mean, vient for some reason. They’re not ready they were bullies, not because they were for us. black or they were white.” “By more than a stretch of the imagi“Thinking back, it was very uplifting nation Obama got to be president. And a because we saw good things happening lot of the repercussions come as a result too, and made good friends through the of him being president. The hardness years, black and white, and non-Jewish came when a lot of folks thought blacks and Jewish,” Elaine Bettman said. went too far making him president of the “You’re talking to people who came United States.” through it and survived it happily,” Joan Baker, who began his career with the Knoll said of herself and her husband, Dayton Police just before the 1966 riot, Dr. Charlie Knoll. “And our children says the hopelessness he saw in the black survived it happily. It made the (Dayton community back then is as profound View) neighborhood more interesting. today. And now we live in a neighborhood “Hate, to me, is as prevalent today as (Northwest Dayton) where, believe it it was before: hating somebody because or not, not much needed to be done. We they’re the police, or other groups hating were already integrated by choice. It just one another. Killing cops and saying happened.” we’d like to kill you is not so much new,” Baker said. “The Black Panthers in Dayton wanted to shoot and kill police ith African-American students comprising 73 percent of Dayton officers. The same shootings happened then.” Public Schools’ population, in 2002 Rice “We have got to understand what the presided over the settlement between issues are, not react to the social media, Dayton’s NAACP and DPS to formally end desegregation in the schools and re- not react to the mainstream media, not turn to a neighborhood school program. react to those who are saying the cops are the problem,” said Blood in the Streets “There simply weren’t enough white co-author Gwen Nalls, Baker’s wife. children,” Rice said. At first, NAACP resisted the DPS request that Rice lift the “The problem started when the industry left, the jobs left. Busing forced that busing order.



DAYTON know what it is to be black in context in which some of these the United States because we’ve things are happening, and could been discriminated against better deal with them, and and went through the Holocould educate their colleagues caust.’ Well, the Holocaust is or decades, Rice has on what it is they’re policing in the worst thing to ever happen facilitated initiatives in different neighborhoods.” the Dayton area to bridge racial to a racially-identifiable group Baker, who was Fifth District that I can think of. But the divides. To him, the greatest police commander on Salem Avobstacle is that people don’t feel average African-American will enue in the 1980s — and served respond, ‘We understand, but they can truly improve the huas a consultant to Cincinnati afyou don’t know what it is to be ter its 2001 race riots — agreed. man condition. And they don’t black in this country every day, have the drive to understand “If you look today at some of to be stopped driving through each other’s perspectives. the major complaints filed by Oakwood, to be followed in a “At the same time, there’s the Department of Justice, we retail establishment just because still don’t have the appropriate been a decline in the effort of somebody thinks you’re black faith-based leaders to have a minority hiring in law enforceso you’re obviously going to community ministry, to reach ment. You’re still looking at the out to other parts of the commu- shoplift.’” same bleak ecoThe civil rights ‘How can we nity,” Rice added. “These things nomic conditions were the focus of the civil rights issues of today, for a certain subset do less than Rice said, aren’t movement. I don’t think they of people. You continually try have unresponsive about where you exist today.” can live, go to “The reason I think there’s government in the to improve school, or eat. a divide,” Rice said, “not just eyes of some peo“It’s the state of the human between the Jewish community ple. That’s what’s public education, and the black community, but so troubling: we’re condition?’ it’s the criminal between the black and white repeating that justice system, it’s community today is this: many cycle, except today, people in the white community housing, it’s bankunder the glare of all the social ing, it’s social services, a thoufeel that they worked hard in media and the 24/7 news.” sand other things,” he added. the civil rights movement. We Rice said Dayton’s city charIn his interview with The won. Everyone is on the same ter is the obstacle toward diverObserver, the federal judge said plane legally. Now it’s up to sifying its police department. the biggest failure of his prothem (African-Americans) to “It requires that a promotion fessional career has been his move the ball down the field. list be established every several inability to work out a consent They have no patience to listen years that should be ranked on decree to increase the number of this promotion list on the basis to or to try to understand that minorities in the police and fire of your score on the civil service racism today is even more departments. entrenched, certainly harder exam and one or two other “And it hasn’t improved,” to identify because it’s underthings, “ he said. “And that it’s Rice said. “It’s not that black ground. the rule of one: you must pick “Too many Jewish people say police officers would cut people the next name on the list for a in the neighborhoods a break, to African-Americans — bepromotion or appointment. it’s just that they understand the cause I’ve been present — ‘we “You may have someone who out because the school systems declined and the corporations left.”


scores 100 on the civil service test who doesn’t have the common sense to come in out of the rain. But if you could pick between the top five, you might find someone who scored a 90, yet has street smarts, common sense and the like. “We don’t have that ability. And because we don’t have it — the city charter doesn’t allow that flexibility — we’re never going to raise those numbers greatly. There has not yet been the political will to do it.” The judge cites a police community relations meeting he attended nearly a year ago to illustrate his point. “The police attitude was, ‘Here’s why we do what we do, and if you people would just cooperate, we could keep you safe.’ The black response was, ‘How can we cooperate with you when you treat us like an occupying army?’ And the white police officers said, ‘Well, that’s ridiculous.’” Rice said American society


needs “Jewish, non-Jewish, whites and blacks to get to know each other’s history, background, and perceptions. And I guarantee you that if we do, then a lot of these problems can be resolved.” “I’ve seen it all,” retired Dayton NAACP President Jesse Gooding said. “I know what discrimination is. That’s why I’m so scared now, man. I am frightened of Trump. Trump is dangerous. I’m scared if he loses, I’m scared if he wins. You know why I’m afraid if he loses? These people will follow him to start a race war. There are a lot of people who are mad.” “I think Jewish people have a role to play,” Rice said. “Other groups are sufficiently comfortable and sufficiently unknowing — not uncaring but unknowing about the civil rights issues of today — that they’re not going to take the lead in it. How can we do less than continually try to improve the human condition?”

Chanukah Brunch

Partnering with Active Adults, Yiddish Club, Jewish War Veterans, and Hadassah

SUNDAY, DECEMBER 11 11AM @ Beth Jacob Synagogue (7020 Main St., 45415)

Join your friends for a delicious brunch and musical entertainment with a live Jewish soul trio. RSVP to Karen at 610-1555 by December 2.

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latkes kugel egg salad tuna salad bagels & cream cheese » fresh fruit

Cost: $12.50 in advance, $15 at the door Your payment is your reservation. Please bring a new children’s book, a coloring book, and/or crayons for children at area shelters.

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Saying goodbye to Peres, world leaders talk peace, love

We give to Federation because we so appreciate the wonderful programming that Federation provided for our children that helped them become such amazing adults. We want to continue the same benefits for generations to come. —Marc & Maureen Sternberg Marc and Maureen Sternberg are strong supporters of our Dayton Jewish community. It was through Jewish activities such as BBYO, Children’s Theatre and Jewish Summer Camp that their children were able to connect with other Jewish children and families, and build a solid foundation based on their Jewish heritage.

Please join the Sternbergs in making a gift to the Annual Campaign, for now and future generations. With your generous support, we create one powerful gift, guided by one connected heart to provide for one global Jewish community. DONATE ONLINE AT JEWISHDAYTON.ORG OR CONTACT CARYL SEGALEWITZ AT 401-1558 WITH QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS.

One Community. One Heart. One Gift. PAGE 8

By Andrew Tobin and Ben Sales, JTA tent at Israel’s national cemetery were dozens of foreign dignitaries, includIsraeli and world leaders gathered ing President Francois Hollande of atop Mount Herzl on Sept. 30 to say France, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau of goodbye to Shimon Peres, Israel’s last Canada, and Prince Charles and former founding father. Prime Minister Tony Blair of Britain. In addition to fond personal recollecIsraeli politicians attended from tions, many of those who took the stage across the political spectrum. Jewish bilalongside Peres’ Israeli-flag-draped lionaires and Israel backers Chaim Saban coffin offered their visions of the peace and Sheldon and Miriam Adelson of that eluded the former president and prime minister. Peres died Sept. 28 at 93 Nevada were also on hand. Former President Bill Clinton, who after suffering a major stroke two weeks earlier. Abir Sultan/AFP/Getty Images President Barack Obama, the last of the 10 speakers, called Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas’ presence in the front row “a gesture and a reminder of the unfinished business of peace.” “(Peres) believed the Zionist idea would be best protected when Palestinians, too, had a state of their own,” Obama said. “The region is going through a chaotic time. Threats are everpresent. And yet, he did not stop President Barack Obama views the coffin of Shimon dreaming and he did not stop Peres after his funeral at Jerusalem's Mount Herzl working. …Now the work of national cemetery, Sept. 30 peacemaking is in the hands of Israel’s next generation and its friends.” brokered the Olso Accords that Peres Before the funeral ceremony began, helped spearhead in an effort to make Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanpeace with the Palestinians, referenced yahu and Abbas shook hands beneath John Lennon’s peace anthem Imagine in jumbo screens flashing photos of Peres his eulogy. over the years. The two leaders have not “Shimon could imagine all the people formally met since 2010, during a failed living in the world in peace,” Clinton round of U.S.-brokered peace talks. said. “In his honor I ask that we remem“It’s been a long time since we last ber his luminous smile and imagine.” met,” Abbas reportedly told Netanyahu. Clinton was part of a 33-member “I very much appreciate that you American delegation, which included came to the funeral,” Netanyahu replied. Secretary of State John Kerry but not his But Abbas was not among the leadpredecessor, Democratic presidential ers Netanyahu greeted in his emotional nominee Hillary Clinton. eulogy for Peres, whom he described Esteemed Israeli writer Amos Oz, a engaging in “nearly nightlong discusfriend of Peres, argued in his remarks sions” about which came first — peace that a Palestinian state was the only or security. Netanyahu thought security option, saying there was “no choice but and Peres peace, he said. to divide this home into two apartments “We were both right,” Netanyahu and turn it into a two-family house.” concluded. “Peace will not be achieved “In their heart of hearts, all sides other than by permanently preserving know this simple truth,” he said. “But our power. But power is not an end in it- where are the leaders with the courself. It is not the real power. It’s a means age to come forward to make it come to an end. The goal is to ensure our to pass? Where are the heirs to Shimon national existence and coexistence.” Peres?” Peres was long a hawkish defender of His younger son, Chemi, addressed Israeli security. He played a major role in his late father: “You kept your promise establishing the country’s defense indus- to your beloved grandfather when you try, nuclear deterrence and settlement bid him farewell on your first stop on enterprise. But he was among the first of the way to the land of Israel. You never Israel’s leaders to warn about the threat forgot what it means to a Jew. And I posed by continued control of the West promise you that neither will I.” Bank and became a leading advocate of The phoenix of Israeli politics, Peres territorial compromise for peace with the continually reinvented himself as the Palestinians. Only after his election as country changed. He began his career president in 2007 did Peres receive the in the Defense Ministry and was the kind of regard in Israel that he enjoyed architect of Israel’s nuclear program, but internationally. in his later years Peres was more closely Among the estimated 4,000 mourners identified with the quest for peace with who gathered under a sprawling white the Palestinians. He was instrumental in THE DAYTON JEWISH OBSERVER • NOVEMBER 2016

THE WORLD negotiating the Oslo Accords, the landmark Israeli-Palestinian peace agreement, and was present on the White House lawn for its signing in 1993. Though he served as prime minister three times without ever winning an election outright, and shared the 1994 Nobel Peace Prize for a peace that has yet to materialize, Peres emerged late in life as Israel’s beloved elder statesmen and a rare figure capable of uniting a fractious society. Following the signing of the Oslo Accords, Peres emerged as Israel’s global ambassador for peace, predicting the emergence of a “new Middle East” in which conflict was supplanted by shared prosperity. Elected to the largely ceremonial role of president in 2007, talk of peace pervaded nearly every speech he gave. Well into his 90s, Peres still insisted he would live to see the day when peace would come. Peace, however, doomed his political career. After middling political success in the 1980s, the Oslo Accords debilitated Peres’ Labor Party, which fell from power in 2001 with the outbreak of the second intifada and has yet to win another election. When Peres won the presidency in 2007, he was a member of Kadima, a shortlived centrist party. As president, Peres rose again, this time as Israel’s wise old man. Free to rise above the political fray, Peres trumpeted Israel’s technological achievements and articulated its hopes for a brighter future. More than anything, he became a symbol of the country’s resilience — able to survive, thrive and remain optimistic — no matter the challenges. Born Szymon Perski in Wiszniewo, Poland, in 1923, Peres moved with his family to Tel Aviv in 1934. At 20, he became the head of a Labor Zionist youth group, through which he met David Ben-Gurion, who would become Israel’s first prime minister. In 1945, Peres married Sonya Gelman, who had just returned from World War II service in the British Army. The couple was married for 67 years, though they separated after Peres became a presidential candidate. Sonya Peres had long refused to play the part of political wife, and after Peres moved to the president’s residence in Jerusalem, she changed the name on her Tel Aviv mailbox to Sonya Gal, a Hebraicized version of her

maiden name. Sonya Peres died in 2011 at 87. In 1947, Peres joined the Haganah, managing arms purchases and personnel. After Israel gained independence the following year, he continued working in the Defense Ministry, becoming its youngest-ever director-general in 1952 at 29. In that capacity he expanded Israeli arms purchases from France and later helped manage the 1956 Sinai Campaign. He also founded Israel’s arms production industry and led efforts to develop a nuclear weapon. Peres was first elected to the Knesset in 1959 with Ben-Gurion’s ruling Mapai party, becoming deputy defense minister. He would serve in the Knesset for an as-yet unmatched total of 48 years. Peres remained a close Ben-Gurion ally, splitting from Mapai with him in 1965 to form a rival party and then rejoining Mapai when it became the Alignment in 1968. After serving in several minor ministerial positions, Peres became defense minister in 1974 under Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin. Peres was a territorial hawk, opposing early proposals for West Bank withdrawal and supporting settlement expansion. When Rabin resigned amid scandal in 1977, Peres briefly became acting prime minister, then lost the post when the Alignment was defeated in the 1977 election by Menachem Begin’s Likud party. Peres headed the Alignment — the precursor to today’s Labor Party — for the next 15 years, contesting three more close elections with Likud. The two parties formed a unity government following the 1984 elections — Peres was prime minister from 1984 to 1986, then foreign minister under Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir from 1986 to 1988. As foreign minister in 1987, Peres conducted secret negotiations with King Hussein of Jordan for Israel to withdraw from the West Bank as part of an Israeli-Jordanian peace treaty. But Shamir rejected the proposed agreement, and the following year Jordan unilaterally relinquished its claim to the West Bank. After the Alignment lost the 1988 elections, Peres again joined a Likud-led government as finance minister, but tried to overthrow the government two years later. In what became known as the Dirty Trick, Peres assembled an Alignment-led

Israeli Government Press Office/Flash90

Shimon Peres (R), then dir. gen. of the Defense Ministry, with then-Defense Minister David BenGurion, 1955

coalition with leftist and haredi Orthodox parties, only to see it fall apart after he received a mandate to form a governing coalition. He lost his party’s chairmanship to Rabin in 1992, and again became foreign minister when the party, now renamed Labor, won elections that year. Under Rabin, Peres was the architect of the Oslo Accords, which gave the Palestinians autonomy in parts of the West

Bank and Gaza. He shared the Nobel Peace Prize with Rabin and Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat. “Israel’s role in the Middle East should be to contribute to a great, sustained regional revival,” Peres said upon accepting the prize. “A Middle East without wars, without enemies, without ballistic missiles, without nuclear warheads.” After Rabin was assassinated in 1995, Peres became acting prime minister, but lost the post again in a close race with Likud’s Netanyahu. Following his defeat in ‘96, he founded the Peres Center for Peace, which runs programs aimed at regional reconciliation. Peres remained in the Labor Party through 2005, twice regaining the chairmanship and serving another stint as foreign minister under Prime Minister Ariel Sharon. In 2006, following the Israeli withdrawal from Gaza, Peres joined Sharon’s new centrist Kadima party. The next year he won a race

for Israel’s largely ceremonial presidency. As president, Peres stayed largely above the political fray, though he conducted secret negotiations with Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas in 2011, culminating in a peace deal that Netanyahu’s government rejected. After leaving the presidency, Peres remained largely silent on politics. Peres frequently traveled internationally as president, focusing his speeches and activism on encouraging Middle East peace and touting Israel’s technological achievements. His annual Presidential Conference brought together leaders in politics, science and culture. He finished his presidential term in 2014. After the funeral, which included military honors, Peres was buried between Yitzhak Rabin and Yitzhak Shamir, two former prime ministers with deeply conflicting views on peace and security, but both fierce rivals of Peres.

38th Annual Ryterband Symposium Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2016 At University of Dayton’s River Campus

“Can Jews & Christians Pray Together?” 3:30 p.m.

“The Origins of Rabbinic Liturgy” 7:30 p.m.

Featuring Dr. Ruth Langer Professor of Jewish Studies Associate Director, Center for Christian-Jewish Learning Theology Department, Boston College

The Annual Ryterband Symposium is co-sponsored by The University of Dayton, Wright State University and United Theological Seminary. This program is free and open to the public.

For more information please contact Zusman Professor of Judaic Studies Mark Verman, 937-775-2461




With gratitude toward Donald Trump Daniel Acker/Bloomberg/Getty Images

By Michael Berenbaum No one compares to Adolf Hitler. He was incomparably evil. Nothing in American politics compares to Nazism. Nothing, not now — and hopefully never! And yet, I am grateful to Donald Trump because he has made my job of explaining the rise of Nazism and political support for Hitler so much easier. Permit me to explain: When I would tell my students that many of Hitler’s supporters did not regard themselves as antisemites or racists, they would look at me quizzically. “How could they not?” they ask. After all, Hitler made no secret of his antisemitism. He spoke of it openly, directly and repeatedly. He did not use dog whistles, but said what he meant and meant what he said. When I would mention that many did not believe that he would carry out what he had been saying, they were skeptical. After all, he had repeated his threats against the Jews time and again; how could they believe that once in office he would not follow through? My students would protest when we would learn that some of his voters were put off by his antisemitism but liked other parts of his platform such as his strong nationalism, his return to national pride, his attacks on the ineffective Weimar Republic and their leaders, his anger at German humiliation with the defeat of World War I and the foreign imposition of the Versailles Treaty. They craved his projection of strength and decisiveness after what many had viewed as ineffective leadership from the German political class. But he was antisemitic and racist, my students would say. And you are telling me that his supporters did not regard that as disqualifying? They roll their eyes when I tell them that had he not have been an antisemite, he might have gotten even more support. My students would protest when I would mention that Hitler came to power with a PAGE 10

minority of seats in a coalition cabinet and his political partners assured one another and the president that once in office, he would be forced to moderate and move toward the center. They would whisper: “he knows nothing and we are men of experience, seasoned, reasoned, disciplined and informed, we can control the man and force him to bend to our will.” They would look skeptically at me. Given what they know happened shortly after Hitler took office, my students wondered: how could they be so sure, how could they be misguided? When I would describe the reasoning of Germany’s conservative political leadership — better to bring this angry man and his angry hordes inside the tent looking outward that outside the tent continually raging Donald Trump at the second presidential debate, Washington University in St. Louis, Mo., Oct. 9 — my students would throw up their hands in frustration: how could they be so naïve a briefing from his generals in time understanding that while as to imagine that the rage 1939 — when the wars were everyone has heard Trump’s would not continue, and once proceeding well for Germany tirades against Muslims and in power become institutionalhe listened attentively to what Hispanics, Mexicans in particuized, bureaucratized, legalized? they were telling him — and lar, his promises of exclusion Couldn’t they understand that another in 1942 when Hitler and deportation, for many that power would only embolden was making decision after simply is not disqualifying. them and that such power decision that would bring them They do not regard themwould only entice them to use to defeat, the generals listened selves as racists and could it effectively and cruelly? obediently to what he was innot imagine themselves to be And finally, structing them. are uncomfortable if not He has made my My students and my students distraught by his racism, but would protest other aspects of his program job of explaining would ask when I would timidly, did the appeals to them: America First, say that no one the rise of man have no the “lousy” trade deals, the in his inner cir- Nazism and friends, could reversal of globalization, the cle could stand no one tell him restoration of American greatpolitical support the truth? up to Hitler, ness, the hatred of the political could tell him Again Hitler class — Washington that evil, for Hitler so to stop and cut was Hitler awful place — and the promise much easier. it out, change and Trump of American jobs. direction, or is Trump. No My students will now be that Germany did not have — equivalence is possible. Trump able to see firsthand how the at least not after the Emergency does not have a coherent vision wise men of Germany could be Decrees of March 1933 — the positive or negative to impleso mistaken. checks and balances and the ment. He only has himself and I suspect that the presidenseparation of powers that rehis sense of self-aggrandizetial nominee of the Republican strained the exercise of power. ment. Party believes that he will bend I would show them two And yet now my students Republicans in Congress to his pictures, one of Hitler receiving now will have a much easier will just as he broke 15 other candidates for president and made the toughest of them, Gov. Chris Christie of New Send your letters (350 words max., thanks) to Jersey, appear like a lap dog, taking scraps off the master’s The Dayton Jewish Observer table. 525 Versailles Drive, Dayton, OH 45459 While I have no confidence in Republican leadership who

So, what do you think?

are deluding themselves and the nation with the notion that they will triumph in a contest of ideas; and while I am appalled by the so-called “religious leaders” who want to make the nation more Christian — Jesus preached a gospel of compassion and human dignity, gratitude and grace, he reached out to the widow and the orphan, the stranger and the dispossessed — while they support a man who is the embodiment of values antithetical to religiosity, I do have confidence in the American people who, no matter how angry, will reject the politics of exclusion and bigotry and vote for inclusion and decency. I pray that I am not deceiving myself. Let me conclude with a story: many years ago Steven Spielberg and I met with a man who spent the meeting telling Spielberg how important he was. When the meeting concluded and we stepped outside, Spielberg turned to me and said: “What was that about?” “He wanted to tell you how important he was,” I answered. He said: “I know he was important, otherwise I could not have met with him.” I said: “he has a big ego.” Steven corrected me immediately. “No, he has a small ego in need of enlargement. I have a big ego and need not enlarge it at another’s expense.” I keep remembering that story whenever I hear Trump speak of size of hands, of private parts, of height and or fortune. Only a man with a small ego in need of enlargement would become obsessed by size. Beware of such man and most especially such a man preaching such a philosophy. Michael Berenbaum, director of American Jewish University’s Sigi Ziering Institute: Exploring the Ethical and Religious Implications of the Holocaust, served as project director of the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum, director of the USHMM’s Holocaust Research Institute, and as president and CEO of the Survivors of the Shoah Visual History Foundation.



6 surprising findings about Chabad on campus Sasson

Students and their campus rabbis at the Chabad on Campus International Shabbaton in the Crown Heights section of Brooklyn, 2014

By Ben Sales, JTA NEW YORK — Fifteen years ago, most Jewish college students had one game in town: their local Hillel, which offered a pluralistic, broad approach to Jewish programming. That has changed. The Chasidic movement known as Chabad-Lubavitch, present on only 30 campuses before 2000, now has a presence

on nearly 200 with its brand of Judaism: aiming to be inclusive and tolerant, but unabashedly Orthodox. The rabbi and rebbetzin (or rabbi’s wife) who lead Chabad on campus take a central role. Like their movement, which under its late rebbe, Menachem Mendel Schneerson, pursued outreach to non-Orthodox Jews the way no other Chasidic

group had done before, their goal is not strictly to win Chasidic followers. Now an internal study by Chabad aims to show what it does — and does not do — on campuses across the country. The survey, drawing from Chabad email lists, garnered responses from 2,400 alumni of 22 campuses. The respondents graduated from college after 2007. While the campus Chabads sent email addresses, the survey was commissioned and funded by the Hertog Foundation, a conservative educational group. The result? Campus Chabad attendees are mostly nonOrthodox, they didn’t come for the booze, and they’re not about to put on black hats. • Most Chabad participants aren’t Orthodox. Chabad’s programs and rituals are run by a haredi Orthodox couple, but their target audience is more religiously diverse. According to the survey, only 11 percent of respondents were raised Orthodox. Most were raised either Conservative (39 percent) or Reform (32 percent). Ten Continued on next page

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Presidential Donor Event

Beth Abraham is Dayton’s only Conservative synagogue, affiliated with the United Synagogue of Conservative Judaism.

Honoring Sisterhood and Men’s Club past and current presidents. Sunday, Dec. 4, noon $60 per person. Everyone welcome to attend. R.S.V.P. to 293-9520.

Salute to Veterans Brunch

We are an enthusiastically egalitarian synagogue. We also have an energetic Keruv program that reaches out to intermarried Beth Abraham, Dayton’s couples and families in our only Conservative synagogue, synagogue andisinDayton’s the Dayton is enthusiastically egalitarian Beth Abraham Jewish community. and isConservative affiliated with only the United Synagogue of synagogue, affiliated with Conservative Judaism. of the United Synagogue For a complete schedule of Conservative Judaism. our events, goSchedule to Daily Minyan Mon.-Fri., 6:50 a.m. & 5:30 p.m. Sunday, 8:30 a.m. We are an enthusiastically egalitarian synagogue. For a complete schedule of our events and times, go to We also have an energetic Keruv program that reaches out to intermarried couples and families in our synagogue and in the Dayton Jewish community. For a complete schedule of our events, go to

Sunday, Nov. 13, 10 a.m. Speaker: Brig. Gen. (ret.) Paul Cooper, A History of the Israeli Air Force.

Chabad Continued from previous page

bastions, but the survey found that campus Chabads may be the opposite. Only 16 percent of percent had no denomination. students with a liberal ideology But those demographics vary said they had a “high” level of by school. At Columbia Uniparticipation at Chabad, while versity, which boasts an active 59 percent of liberal students Orthodox Jewish life, 30 percent had a low level of participation. of respondents were raised Among conservative (small Orthodox and just 14 percent c) students, the numbers were Reform. At the University of more evenly split. Thirty-nine California, Santa Cruz, however, percent had a high participation nearly half of respondents were level, versus 36 percent with a Reform and only 2 percent were low level of participation. Orthodox. • Chabad does not have a One shared experience of drinking problem. If Chabads most Chabad attendees was have earned a reputation of Jewish summer camp: A major- playing loose with alcohol ity of respondents attended for — that is, offering wine and at least one summer. spirits as a lure and a lubricant • The more right wing you at Shabbat meals and the like are politically, the more you — the data don’t bear it out. go to Chabad. One measure Shabbat dinner is the central that did correlate with Chabad activity at Chabad — 91 percent attendance was political ideolof attendees said they had gone ogy. Campuses may have the to a Friday night meal — but the reputation of being liberal wine didn’t flow freely. Nearly

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two-thirds of respondents said alcohol use at Chabad was “not at all” excessive. Only 4 percent said it was — though it was unclear what students consider “excessive” alcohol use. • Participants at Chabad don’t feel pressure to become Orthodox. The survey also found that Chabad rabbis and rebbetzins, despite their own philosophy, didn’t pressure students to become Orthodox. Rather, in the words of the survey authors, any Jewish commandment fulfilled by a student, “even if only performed once, is considered a spiritual achievement.” This philosophy expressed itself in the survey results. Most respondents said Chabad encouraged religious observance “a little” or “not at all.” Most felt no discomfort at being pressured to be more observant. And nearly two-thirds felt Chabad did not promote Orthodoxy over Conservative or Reform Judaism. Nor was Chabad participation a guarantor of remaining observant. Forty-five percent of Orthodox students with a high level of Chabad participation say they are no longer Orthodox. • Chabad participants are more likely to believe in God and date Jewish. But the survey did find that Chabad participation made Jewish practice and belief more likely. Three-quarters of unaffiliated students who had a high level of participation in their campus Chabad believe in God. Among unaffiliated students who had little or no participation in Chabad, only 37 percent believe in God. The split grows wider when it comes to the importance of dating Jews. Sixty-one percent of unaffiliated students who had a high level of Chabad participation said it’s “very important” to date Jews. Only 17 percent of unaffiliated students who had little to no Chabad participation agreed. Across denominations, a high level of Chabad participation correlated with higher levels of belief in God and prioritizing dating Jews. • Most people who attended Chabad in college don’t go to Chabad now. Even those who hung around Chabad in college don’t seek out Chabad as adults. Only 21 percent of highparticipation students said they have attended Chabad regularly after college. Two-thirds of all respondents said they haven’t sought out a Chabad at all in the past year.



Jewish Federation of GREATER DAYTON › Operation Protective Edge: How Ohio helped the IDF & Israel Wednesday, November 2  6:30PM @ the home of Julie &

Rob Bloom Join us for an informative visit from IDF Lieutenant Maayan Meyer as he speaks to his experience as an F-16 fighter pilot serving over 6 years, most recently in the 115th as the squadron deputy commander.

› YAD @ the Black Box Theatre Wednesday, November 12 8PM @ Black Box Improv

Theatre (518 E. 3rd Street, 45402) Join YAD for an evening of laughter and fun with the Black Box Improv Theatre! Dayton’s own Ben Stempler performs! RSVP to Cheryl Carne at or 610-1778. $12 per person (8 or more, $9 per person), BYOB!

› PJ Library Family Meet-Up Wednesday, November 16 6PM @ Whole Foods (1050

Miamisburg Centerville Rd., 45458) Gather together for a fun evening of schmoozing and get to know other PJ Library families. We will have an informal discussion about holiday traditions and dealing with “the December Dilemma”. Whole Foods offers a full hot and cold buffet for any families who wish to purchase dinner, and Wednesday is “Kids Eat Free” night.

RSVPs are due at least 1 week before event. Events with no price listed are free. PLEASE CONTACT KAREN STEIGER REGARDING ALL EVENTS UNLESS NOTED: 610-1555,

IDF Protective Edge Lieutenant to visit Dayton, Speak to Community Join us on Wednesday, November 2, at 6:30PM for an informative visit from Lieutenant Maayan Meyer as he speaks to his experience as an F-16 fighter pilot in the Israeli Defense Force (IDF). Lieutenant Meyer has served six years with the IDF, most recently as the squadron deputy commander of the 115th squadron. Lieutenant Meyer was on one of the first jets scrambled in the Second Lebanon war. In 2014, During Operation Protective Edge, he coordinated the planning and execution of the attack flight operations. Maayan was drafted into aviation course number 148 of the IDF Air Force. After graduation as an F-16 fighter pilot, he had an additional six months of tactical training with the 116th squadron before being placed with the 101st squadron in Hatzor. Lieutenant Meyer HOW TO GO served an additional Wednesday, three years with the November 2  115th during which 6:30PM he was appointed as @ the home of Julie & Rob Bloom deputy commander of the squadron. Maayan was born and raised with his two siblings in Rehovot, where his parents still reside. His father, Shay, was born in South Africa and moved to Israel when he was 30. Right after he made Aliya, his father was drafted for the Yom Kippur war. Maayan’s father is a physicist who worked many years with IAI and is now retired. His mother Yochi, was born in Israel and was a nurse, she is now retired as well. His grandfather fought with the pre-48 Jewish military brigade (PALMACH). Maayan is now married to Elina, a biomedical engineer. Please join us in welcoming Maayan to Dayton as he shares his incredible experiences in the IDF.

"I was honored to meet with some of the leaders of the Baton Rouge Jewish community and see the places they are proud to call home. They are resilient. They are organized. They are one people working together. And they need our help. What I saw was devastation on a scale I'd never previously witnessed. The area was hit with a 1,000-year flood event— the kind of intense rainfall expected only once in an entire millennium. Please make a donation to our Baton Rouge relief effort. The impact is devastating and far-reaching." —Brian Seymour, Jewish Federations of North America (JFNA) Emergency Committee Chair

BATON ROUGE 280,000 people displaced Almost $28 BILLION estimated damages

11% affiliated Jewish community received damage

$112,000 first installment from JFNA's Baton Rouge Relief Fund At least 34 JEWISH FAMILIES experienced loss due to the floods

HURRICANE MATTHEW HurricaneMatthew has left a path of destruction in its powerful wake, wreaking havoc and forcing hundreds of thousands to flee from parts of Florida, Georgia and South Carolina. Federations across North America are raising funds to support communities impacted by the storm.

Find out how to help on


Community members had the opportunity to meet with over 20 candidates running in Montgomery County. PHOTO CREDIT: PETER WINE

Judge Tony Capizzi, Judge of the Common Pleas Court, Juvenile Division, speaking with community member Eva Clair. PHOTO CREDIT: PETER WINE


The JCC Maccabi Games are an Olympicstyle sporting competition held in select host cities in North America each summer. It is an amazing opportunity for teens ages 12–16 to compete, meet new friends, and connect with Jews from around the world. This unique event comes with a mission: to make the world a better place and to make ourselves better people. The following are the list of sports and arts competitions that will be featured at the games in Albany, NY. Teens who are interested in ArtsFest events may apply to attend the Maccabi games in Miami, FL. Participation in the team sports will be contingent upon the number of teens from Dayton who sign up.

Jewish Community Center of GREATER DAYTON › My Fat Dad: A Memoir of Food, Love and Family, with Recipes Monday, November 7 6:30PM @ El Meson

(903 E. Dixie Dr., 45449) Author and New York Times health blogger Dawn Lerman. $36/person includes book, dairy dinner, gratuity and non-alcoholic beverages. RSVP required by Nov. 1. Strictly kosher meal available upon advanced request. FOR MORE CABF EVENTS, SEE PAGE 26.

› Early Childhood Share Shabbat & Silent Auction Friday, November 11 9–10:30AM

@ Boonshoft CJCE Bid on amazing items and support excellence in education for our community! Contact Audrey at

› Scavenger Hunt at the Greene Saturday, November 19 7–9PM Meet in front of

For more information about JCC Maccabi, please contact Meryl at or 401-1550.

Shofar, so good! Regan Kemper and Alexander Stump appreciate the beauty of a shofar with the assistance of Rachel Evans. PHOTO CREDIT: ROSE KANE BELOW: Professor Steven Windmueller joined us for a CABF Preview event to discuss his book " The Quest for Power: A Study in Jewish Political Behavior and Practice" before the first presidential debate on September 26. ABOVE:


the Apple Store Grades 6-8! Search for clues and enjoy a dinner with your friends and fellow Jewish tweens at the Greene. Dinner cost on your own. RSVP to Meryl Hattenbach at or 401-1550.

›  Art Appreciation Fridays, Oct 7–Dec 16 10AM @ Boonshoft CJCE

The Art of Japan: Past and Present; The Art of America. $50 per student.

HEALTH & WELLNESS › Aerobic Conditioning Tues/Thurs @ 9–9:50AM

Aug 23–Dec 8. $25 for all sessions. Through Sinclair Lifelong Learning. RSVPs are due at least 1 week before event. Events with no price listed are free. PLEASE CONTACT KAREN STEIGER REGARDING ALL EVENTS UNLESS NOTED: 610-1555, JEWISH FEDERATION of GREATER DAYTON AGENCY NEWSLETTER | NOVEMBER 2016



Baseball (boys)


Basketball (boys)


Ice hockey (boys)


Soccer (boys/girls)

Musical theater


Rock band

Dance (boys/girls)

Star reporter Visual arts

Golf (boys/girls) Swimming (boys/girls)

Vocal music/Glee

Table tennis (boys/girls) Tennis (boys/girls)

Dayton Junior Youth Group (Grades 6–8!)

Scavenger Hunt @ The Greene

Saturday, November 19 7–9PM Search for clues and enjoy a dinner with your friends and at the Greene. No cost. Dinner cost on your own.

Game Night @ the J Saturday, December 17 7:30–9:30PM Bring your favorite board game! $5/person or $3 if you bring a food item to donate



for SENIORS is to make certain our seniors do not feel isolated during the holidays. The bags are delivered by JFS Board Members, JFS staff and other volunteers. For Rosh Hashanah, we delivered 102 bags in the community!


What was in our Rosh Hashanah bags? An apple with a honey packet; kosher rugelach from New York; a challah roll made by Rochel Simon (yum!); a card made by a JCC preschool student; an insert about the holiday; and a JFS brochure, magnet, and pen. Before we know it, it will be time to assemble and deliver our Chanukah bags!


Medicare Check Up Days

T he Im of Tak portance Med ing i c a t i o n

On Thursdays, September 29 and October 6, JFS held programs at One Lincoln Park and Friendship Village, respectively, to celebrate Rosh Hashanah and to usher in the new year. Thank you to Chazan Jenna Greenburg and Joel Guggenheimer who supported the program at One Lincoln Park and to Joe Bettman and Stephen Goldberg who supported the program at Friendship Village. The beautiful songs, the blowing of the shofar, the sweets and apples and honey, and camaraderie were the perfect way to start the new year! PHOTO CREDITS: TARA FEINER, SHERI

Did you know that JFS partners with the Jewish community to deliver holiday outreach bags to seniors? Three times a year (Rosh Hashanah, Chanukah, and Purim) JFS, with the support of Beth Abraham Synagogue, Beth Jacob Synagogue, Chabad of Greater Dayton, Temple Beth Or and Temple Israel, provides holiday outreach bags to seniors. The goal of the holiday outreach bags

› Friday, November 4 9AM–3PM @ Earl Heck Center (201 N. Main St., Englewood) Call 836-5929 for an appt.

› Thursday, December 1 9AM–3PM @ St. Leonard Franciscan Center (8100 Clyo Road, Centerville) Call 432-6549 for an appt.

Th Bring a list of current of e I prescription drugs. M Ta mp ed kin o ica g rta n t

Jewish Family Services Jewish Foundation ofof GREATER DAYTON GREATER DAYTON Wednesday, November 9 › Active Adults Dine Around 5:30 PM @ MCL Cafeteria

(4485 Far Hills Ave., 45429) RSVP by November 1. Preceding CABF event featuring author Uri Bar-Joseph. Cost is on your own.

Sunday, December 11 ›  JFS Chanukah Brunch 11AM @ Beth Jacob Synagogue

(7020 N. Main Street, 45415) RSVP by December 2. Cost is $12.50 per person. Your payment is your reservation. In partnership with Active Adults, Hadassah, Jewish War Veterans, and the Lynda A. Cohen Yiddish Club.

› Need Assistance Finding a Food Pantry Near You? Call the United Way Information & Referral Line, 225-3000 or Dial 2-1-1. › Are you caring for a loved one who is not in the Greater Dayton area? Visit http:// to find supports and services provided by Jewish agencies nationwide. › Don’t know what to donate in the Food Barrels? How about non-perishable, nonexpired fruits & vegetables? For example: CANNED FRUITS: PEACHES, PEARS, PINEAPPLE, APPLESAUCE, FRUIT COCKTAIL CANNED JUICES: APPLE, CRANBERRY, TOMATO AND VEGETABLE CANNED VEGETABLES: GREEN BEANS, PEAS, CORN, TOMATOES, POTATOES Thank you for helping the Jewish community and The Dayton Foodbank fight hunger across the Miami Valley! PLEASE CONTACT KAREN STEIGER REGARDING ALL ACTIVE ADULT EVENTS: 610-1555



A little bit of Yiddish to share with friends, courtesy of the JFS Yiddish Club, in memory of Lynda A. Cohen.

Fremd \FREMD\ Adjective Foreign, strange, alien; someone else's. Expression with fremd: › S'iz shlekht in der fremd. It is hard among strangers. › Beser a patsh fun a taten eyder a kush fun a fremdn. Better a slap from a father than a kiss from a stranger. › Fremde dayges nemen nisht avek dem shlof). Another person's worries don't keep you up at night (lit., disturb your sleep). › Mit fremdn seykhl ken men nisht lebn). Another person's worries don't keep you up at night (lit., disturb your sleep). › A fremder nar iz a gelekhter; an eygener - a shand. Someone else's fool is a joke; your own - a disgrace.

Sunday, December 11 ›  Chanukah Brunch 11AM @ Beth Jacob

in the Community

Last month was full of Jewish Holidays, and PJ Library was so excited to be celebrating along with our Dayton community. Now we start to turn towards secular holidays and the winter holiday season. As Thanksgiving approaches, PJ Library in Dayton has many things to be thankful for. We are thankful for our PJ Library and PJ Our Way families, who join us for programs and participate in our Facebook group. We are grateful for our grandparents who share their stories PJ Library November Events: and traditions with us, and bring their excitement to the PJ Library grandparents Wednesday, November 16 @ 6PM PJ Library Family Meet-Up @ program in Dayton. Above all, we give Whole Foods thanks for the children in our lives that Come out to our first PJ Library Dayton brighten our days! Meet-up! Gather together for a fun The month of November brings more evening of schmoozing and get to ways to connect to PJ Library in Dayton know other PJ Library families. We and to celebrate and give thanks for all will have an informal discussion about the wonderful people and programs in holiday traditions and dealing with “the our community. On Friday, November December Dilemma”. Whole Foods 11, we will have a table at the JCC's Early offers a full hot and cold buffet for any Childhood Share Shabbat to introduce our families who wish to purchase dinner, and Wednesday is “Kids Eat Free” Early Childhood families & grandparents to PJ Library with goodies and upcoming night. event information! On Wednesday, November 16 at 6PM, get together with other PJ Library families at the Whole Foods in Centerville for our first PJ Library Dayton Meet-Up! Gather together for a fun evening of schmoozing and get to know other PJ Library families. We will have an informal discussion about holiday traditions and dealing with “the December Dilemma." Whole Foods offers a full hot and cold buffet for any families who wish to purchase dinner, and Wednesday is “Kids Eat Free” night. Be sure to read our monthly PJ Library e-newsletter for more children and family programs happening in Dayton, along with great information about PJ Library and PJ Our Way in Dayton. Contact Juliet Glaser, PJ Library Coordinator at (937) 401-1541 or for more information or to sign up to receive free PJ Library books and music. Join the PJ Library-Dayton Ohio Facebook Group for events, articles and discussions on all things PJ Library!

Synagogue (7020 N. Main Street, 45415) RSVP by December 2. Cost is $12.50 per person. Your payment is your reservation. In partnership with JFS Active Adults, Hadassah, Jewish War Veterans, and the Lynda A. Cohen Yiddish Club.


Legacies, Tributes, & Memorials FEDERATION

ANNUAL CAMPAIGN IN HONOR OF › Engagement of Sara Klaben › Engagement of Max Klaben Renee and Dr. Frank Handel & Family PJ LIBRARY FUND IN HONOR OF › Susie Katz receiving the Kipnis-Wilson Friedland Award Marcia and Ed Katz CAROL J. PAVLOFSKY LEADERSHIP FUND IN HONOR OF › Elaine and Joe Bettman’s new greatgrandchildren Marlene and David Miller IN MEMORY OF › Sidney Alter Marlene and David Miller FAMILY SERVICES

JEWISH SENIOR SERVICES IN HONOR OF › Special birthday of Marilyn Scher Esther and DeNeal Feldman IN MEMORY OF › Walter Ohlmann › David Katz Esther and DeNeal Feldman FOUNDATION

JEREMY BETTMAN B’NAI TZEDEK FUND IN HONOR OF › Marriage of Max and Jenny Klaben Elaine and Joe Bettman Jean and Todd Bettman


JCC Art Appreciation Class: Fridays, 10-11 a.m. through Dec. 16. Art of Japan: Past and Present, The Art of America. Boonshoft CJCE, 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville. R.S.V.P. to Karen Steiger, 610-1555. JCC Fitness: Aerobic Conditioning. Tues. & Thurs. through Dec. 8, 9-9:50 a.m. Boonshoft CJCE, 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville. R.S.V.P. to Karen Steiger, 610-1555. Temple Beth Or Classes: Sun., Nov. 6, 13 & 20, 1 p.m.: Adult Hebrew w. Rabbi Chessin. Thurs., Nov. 10, 1 p.m.: Socrates Café. Sat., Nov. 12, 10 a.m.: Tanakh Study w. Rabbi Chessin. Sat., Nov. 19, 10 a.m.: Torah/Talmud Study & service w. Rabbi Ballaban. 5275 Marshall Rd., Wash. Twp. 435-3400. Temple Israel Classes: Sundays, noon: Reform Responsa for the 21st Century. Wednesdays, noon: Talmud Study. Bring lunch. Saturdays, 9:30 a.m.: Torah Study. Sat., Nov. 5 & 12, 9:30 a.m.: Exploring Prayer w. Rabbi Bodney-Halasz. 130 Riverside Dr., Dayton. 496-0050.


Temple Israel Ryterband Lectures: Sundays, 9:45 a.m. breakfast, 10:15 a.m. lecture. Nov. 6: Dr. Fred Krome, UCClermont, Herzl’s Old New Land - Utopian Ideals. Nov. 13: Dr. Richard Sarason, HUC, Gratitude for Life’s Daily Miracles - Some Liturgical Talmud Study. Nov. 20: WSU Prof. Emeritus Dr. Donna Schlagheck, The Mideast & Israel - What is Next? $7. 130 Riverside Dr., Dayton. 496-0050. Boonshoft CJCE, 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville. 610-1555.


JCC Early Childhood Share Shabbat & Silent Auction: Fri., Nov. 11, 9-10:30 a.m. Boonshoft CJCE, 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville. 610-1555. PJ Library Family Meet-Up: Wed., Nov. 16, 6 p.m. Whole Foods, 1050 MiamisburgCenterville Rd. Discussion of holiday traditions, ‘December Dilemma,’ hot & cold buffet available for purchase (kids eat free Wednesday night). For info., call 610-1555. Beth Abraham Synagogue Tot Shabbat: Sat., Nov. 19, 10:30


a.m. 305 Sugar Camp Cir., Oakwood. 293-9520.

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Children & Teens

Temple Israel Cub Scout Meeting: Tues., Nov. 1, 7 p.m. For boys grades 1-5. 130 Riverside Dr., Dayton. 496-0050. JCC Scavenger Hunt at The Greene: Sat., Nov. 19, 7-9 p.m. Meet in front of Apple Store. Grades 6-8. Pay your own way for dinner. R.S.V.P. to Meryl Hattenbach, 401-1550.

Young Adults

YAD @ Black Box Theatre: Sat., Nov. 12, 8 p.m. 518 E. 3rd St., Dayton. Improv with Ben Stempler. $12. R.S.V.P. to Cheryl Carne, 610-1778.


Richard A. Broock Ralph E. Heyman Edward M. Kress

Lisa S. Pierce Philip A. Zukowsky

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Chabad Ladies Only Shabbat Dinner: Fri., Nov. 11, 4:45 p.m. $36. 2001 Far Hills Ave., Oakwood. R.S.V.P. to Devorah Mangel, 974-8648.

JCC Cultural Arts & Book Fest

Dawn Lerman: My Fat Dad A Memoir of Food, Love and Family, With Recipes. Mon., Nov. 7, 6:30 p.m. El Meson, 903 Continued on next page

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E. Dixie Dr., West Carrollton. $36 includes dinner & book. R.S.V.P. to 610-1555 or at

Temple Beth Or Community Veteran’s Day Shabbat Service: Fri., Nov. 11, 7 p.m. 5275 Marshall Rd., Washington Twp. 435-3400.

Uri Bar-Joseph: The Angel The Egyptian Spy Who Saved Israel. Wed., Nov. 9, 7 p.m. Boonshoft CJCE, 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville. $5 advance, $8 at door. R.S.V.P. to 610-1555 or at Rabbi David Eliezrie: The Secret of Chabad. Thurs., Nov. 17, 7 p.m. Boonshoft CJCE, 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville. $5 advance, $8 at door. R.S.V.P. to 610-1555 or at jewishdayton. org.

In The Shops Oakwood

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Ladies’ only



Celebrate the feminine spirit of Shabbat Friday, November 11, 2016 | 4:45 PM

Experience the joy and warmth that Shabbat brings at a Ladies’ Only Shabbat dinner. Shabbat will be welcomed with candle lighting, prayers, and song followed by a threecourse meal and dessert. Take an evening to connect with other women and ground yourself in the tranquility of Shabbat.

Come and bring along a friend to celebrate Shabbat

At Chabad of Greater Dayton 2001 Far Hills Ave.

Seniors JFS Active Adults Dine Around: Wed., Nov. 9, 5:30 p.m. MCL Cafeteria, 4485 Far Hills Ave., Kettering. Pay your own way. R.S.V.P. to Karen Steiger, 610-1555. Community Events Operation Protective Edge - How Ohio Helped the IDF & Israel: w. IDF Lt. Maayan Meyer. Wed., Nov. 2, 6:30 p.m. at the home of Julie & Dr. Rob Bloom. For info., call Jewish Federation, 610-1555. Temple Israel Installation of Rabbi Sobo: Fri., Nov. 11, 6:30 p.m. 130 Riverside Dr., Dayton.

Beth Abraham Synagogue Salute to Veterans Brunch: Sun., Nov. 13, 10 a.m. Brig. Gen. (Ret.) Paul Cooper, A History of the Israeli Air Force. Free for veterans, $5 all others. 305 Sugar Camp Cir., Oakwood. R.S.V.P. to 293-9520. 38th Annual Ryterband Symposium: w. Dr. Ruth Langer, Boston College. Wed., Nov. 16, University of Dayton River Campus. 3:30 p.m.: Can Jews and Christians Pray Together? 7:30 p.m.: Origins of Rabbinic Liturgy. Free. For info., call WSU Prof. Dr. Mark Verman, 775-2461. Hillel Academy All-School Musical: Thurs., Nov. 17, 5:45 p.m. 305 Sugar Camp Cir., Oakwood. 277-8966. 29th Annual Interfaith Thanksgiving Service: Mon., Nov. 21, 7:30 p.m. With Temple Beth Or, Christ United Methodist Church, David’s United Church of Christ, St. Charles Borromeo Catholic Church. At David’s UCC, 170 W. David Rd., Kettering. Bring cans for food drive.

KVELLING The Wesley Community Center in West Dayton honored Jeffrey Swillinger as one of the Top 10 Most Influential People in the center’s 50 years. Jeff has served on the board of directors as well as led the effort to set up its free law clinic a decade ago. The WCC aids families in crisis

Rachel Haug Gilbert and need, offering assistance in education, workforce development, health and selfsufficiency. Staci Harris, a registered nurse since 2005, recently passed her certified pediatric nurse practitioner primary care exam. She’ll work in pediatrics at Samaritan Behavioral Health Services. Dr. Naomi Sandor was recognized by her employer, Mercy Health, for highest patient satisfaction ratings in 2016 for the Springfield Regional Medical Group. Send your Kvelling items to: or to Rachel Haug Gilbert The Dayton Jewish Observer 525 Versailles Drive, Centerville, OH 45459


In Montgomery County by the InOhio Montgomery County by the Department of Aging Department of Aging for Family Satisfaction! InOhio Montgomery County by the for Family Satisfaction! Ohio Department of Aging for Family Satisfaction!

Event Chairs: Juliet Glaser and Amy Bloom This program is included with your CWC membership Single Event - $36.00 RSVP: or call Devorah @ 974-8648


Are you reading this? So is the entire Jewish community. Contact Patty Caruso at to advertise in The Observer. PAGE 18

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From swimmer to rabbi By Rabbi Tina Sobo Temple Israel In my pre-rabbi life, I was a competitive swimmer. As I entered Hebrew Union College for rabbinical school, I was coming off 18 years of a life that involved a lot of chlorine. Unlike many of my soon-tobe colleagues, my resumé was not speckled with anywhere near as many of the usual prerabbinate experiences. In fact, although I was highly involved in the Jewish community, my resumé

of the first-born, if applicable. It is interesting to return to With these ceremonies, parents this passage now, as a parent of bring their child into our faith a 9-month-old, in terms of raisand commit to guiding them ing children. on the first part of life’s jourThis passage reminds us, ney. as parents, to remember that Teaching a child our actions are not Torah, bringing just about getting them into a healthy through the grorelationship with cery store without another human surprise items in being, and teaching the cart or praya trade serve the ing during silent adolescent moving prayer that our toward the next child understood stage of life. the word silent, These help but that every guide a child on action as a parent the path toward contributes toward independent and contained swimming, swimcreating a person meaningful adultming, and more swimming: capable of a meanhood. The ability to Rabbi Tina Sobo accomplishments in the pool, ingful adult life. understand Torah scholar-athlete awards, coachOur specific acallows an emerging adult to ing, lifeguarding, teaching tions and teachings we impart make religious decisions for swim lessons, and pool-related on children may appear to be themselves. certifications. as simple as a basic freestyle A healthy relationship brings in the pool, but the impact of And of course, Jewish swimpartnership in adult life, and ming: I had competed with those actions, and the values all the benefits thereof. TeachMaccabi USA internationally they teach, extend far beyond ing a trade provides for one’s a few times. Not that it is bad the backyard pool. material needs. But how does for a rabbi to know CPR and In matters of religion, I love swimming come into play? water-safety, but a technically to debate ideals and principles, The sugya (passage) contincorrect butterfly stroke isn’t rethe reasons and intricacies of ues over the next couple pages ally the most common prereqpractice, matters of theology, explaining each obligation in uisite to the rabbinate. and other topics. I love the more depth. The question is As an athlete, I have always argumentation model in the asked of the obligation to teach Talmud. It is rarer in our times been intrigued by the intersection of swimming and Judaism, a child to swim, “What is the to ask, “But why?” and “What reason? — His which led me if?” as many times as our tradilife may depend to the discovery Every action tion does. on it (Kiddushin of my favorite This passage reminds us 30b).” Talmud passage: as a parent that in the end, it’s not about And here we the only athletic contributes the volumes of law that we have the answer. endeavor we have created, but about life. The ability to are required to toward creating Our Jewish learning and doing swim is seen as a learn: swimmust promote life, meaninga person capable necessary piece ming. Kidful life, even in the seemingly of a meaningful of knowledge dushin 29a — mundane matters. I look forto make it into which is written adult life. ward to seeing you in the synaadult Jewish life. as obligating gogue, or perhaps, the pool! The assumption a father to his of the Talmud seems to be that son, but can be understood in children and adults encounter modern times as a parent to a bodies of water. They may child — states: not have had an eight-lane “A father is obligated in Olympic-sized swimming pool respect of his son to enter him in mind, but oceans, lakes and into the Covenant (Brit Milah), rivers, which one may fall into, redeem (Pidyon Haben, if and which don’t have lifeapplicable), teach him Torah, guards. bring him to the wedding The principle, the value, becanopy (marriage), and teach hind this idea is pikuach nefesh, him a trade. Some say also, to the preservation of life. It is one teach him to swim.” Shabbat of the highest obligations in This list can be viewed as Judaism. the essential responsibilities a Candle Lightings It is so important to save parent is obligated to for their November 4, 6:13 p.m. a life, that it is permissible to children. break Shabbat in order to save The beginning of the list November 11, 5:06 p.m. brings a child into Jewish tradi- another’s life. It is this same principle that tion through ceremonies: Brit November 18, 5 p.m. permits those who by reasons Milah, or a parallel ceremony of health cannot fast, to eat on and naming for girls, and November 25, 4:57 p.m. Yom Kippur. Pidyon Haben, the redeeming



Ryterband Symposium Nov. 16 Dr. Ruth Langer — professor of Jewish studies, and associate director of the Center for Christian-Jewish Learning at Boston College — will be the speaker for the 38th Annual Ryterband Symposium, Wednesday, Nov. 16 at University of Dayton’s River Campus. Can Jews and Christians Pray Together? is the topic of her 3:30 p.m. lecture; at 7:30 p.m., she’ll present The Origins of Rabbinic Liturgy. The Ryterband Symposium is co-sponsored by The Dr. Ruth Langer University of Dayton, Wright State University, and United Theological Seminary. Both lectures are free and open to the public. For more information, contact Wright State University Zusman Prof. of Judaic Studies Dr. Mark Verman at 775-2461.

Rabbi Sobo installation at Temple Israel Temple Israel will hold its installation ceremony for Rabbi/Educator Tina Sobo during Shabbat services on Friday, Nov. 11 at 6:30 p.m. Sobo received her rabbinic ordination in May from Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion in Cincinnati. The community is welcome to attend.

November • Tishri/Cheshvan

Beth Abraham Synagogue Conservative Rabbi Joshua Ginsberg Cantor/Dir. of Ed. & Programming Andrea Raizen Monday through Friday 6:50 a.m. & 5:30 p.m. Fri., 5:30 p.m. Sat. 9 a.m. Sundays at 8:30 a.m. 305 Sugar Camp Circle, Oakwood. 293-9520. Beth Jacob Congregation Traditional Saturdays 9:30 a.m., Sundays 8 a.m., Sunday through Friday, 7 p.m. 7020 N. Main St., Dayton. 274-2149. Temple Anshe Emeth Reform Friday, Nov. 4, 7:30 p.m. Rabbinic Intern Sara Otero-Eiser 320 Caldwell St., Piqua. Call Eileen Litchfield, 937-5470092, Correspondence address: 3808 Beanblossom Rd., Greenville, OH 45331. Temple Beth Or Reform Rabbi Judy Chessin Educator/Rabbi Ari Ballaban Fridays 7 p.m. Saturdays 10 a.m. 5275 Marshall Rd., Wash. Twp. 435-3400. Temple Beth Sholom Reform Rabbi Haviva Horvitz See Web site for schedule. 610 Gladys Dr., Middletown. 513-422-8313. Temple Israel Reform Senior Rabbi Karen Bodney-Halasz Rabbi/Educator Tina Sobo First Friday each month 6 p.m. followed by Share Shabbat meal. All other Fridays, 6:30 p.m. Saturdays 10:30 a.m. 130 Riverside Dr., Dayton. 496-0050. Temple Sholom Reform Rabbi Cary Kozberg Fridays 6 p.m. 2424 N. Limestone St., Springfield. 399-1231.

ADDITIONAL SERVICES Torah Portions November 5 Noach (Gen. 6:9-11:32) November 12 Lech Lecha (Gen. 12:1-17:27) November 19 Vayera (Gen. 18:1-22:24) November 26 Chayei Sarah (Gen. 23:1-25:18)


Chabad of Greater Dayton Rabbi Nochum Mangel Associate Rabbi Shmuel Klatzkin Youth & Prog. Dir. Rabbi Levi Simon. Beginner educational service Saturdays 9 a.m. adults, 10 a.m children. Sundays 9 a.m. 2001 Far Hills Ave. 643-0770. Yellow Springs Havurah Independent Services 1st & 3rd Saturdays, 10-noon. Antioch College Rockford Chapel. Contact Cheryl Levine, 937-767-9293.



de a r G



–9: ning 7 i s

de in Traable! a r G lor vail

a se un tions o C si po

There are not two sides to every issue

Monday–Friday December 19–30

*No Camp on Monday, Dec. 26


Rise and Shine (7:30-8:45AM) and Stay and Play (3:45-6PM) available


& climbin ark p er at


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PLUS: Engaging & unique learning and cultural activities, including:

»Cooking »Art »Sports

»Drama »Music »PJ Library

For rates and additional information, contact Meryl Hattenbach at Are you reading this? So is the entire Jewish community. Contact Patty Caruso at to advertise in The Observer. S A V E

Deborah Lipstadt (R) and actor Rachel Weisz, who plays the historian in Denial

By Gary Rosenblatt The Jewish Week Sixteen years ago, a few days before the verdict was announced in the British case in which Jewish studies professor Deborah Lipstadt stood accused of defaming Holocaust denier David Irving, she told me that though her life “had been disrupted…for several years, I feel I was blessed. “I was given an opportunity to stand up for what I believe in, to marshal every force I have against evil,” she explained in her first post-trial interview. And she prevailed. In the end, on April 11, 2000, almost four years after the suit was filed, and following a trial that went on for 32 days, the English High Court ruled against Irving, who was castigated by the judge as a bigot and antisemite. It was a major victory not only for Lipstadt, but for history, memory and truth.


Now the dramatic story of that legal battle has arrived on the big screen, and Lipstadt, already well known and highly respected in the academic world and international Jewish community, is about to become a household name. Denial, the feature film based on her 2006 book, being reissued as Denial: Holocaust History on Trial (originally titled History On Trial: My Day in Court With A Holocaust Denier), stars Academy Award winner Rachel Weisz, who captures Lipstadt’s tone and mannerisms to perfection, revealing a smart, independent and sometimes brash woman passionate about her mission — to tell the story of the Holocaust with authenticity. But Lipstadt didn’t initiate the biggest battle of her professional life, one that became a landmark case with implications for how the Holocaust will be studied for generations to come.



for Books

Wednesday, January 25 @ 6:30–8PM A “best-loved books” celebration for the whole family at the Boonshoft CJCE. Join us for author-inspired activities from favorite tales, groove to rhymes and music, capture your family “characters” at our photo booth, discover more about PJ Library, and end your day the best way...with a good book!

early childhood

care & education



Liam Daniel/Beeker St

It was born in a brief phrase in her 1993 book, Denying The Holocaust: The Growing Assault on Truth and Memory, which focused on those seeking legitimacy in refuting the history of the Shoah. The passage described Irving, a prolific British writer on World War II who calls himself a historian, as “one of the most dangerous spokesmen in the service of Holocaust denial.” Lipstadt based her conclusion, in part, on Irving’s writings that Hitler did not plan The Final Solution and that there were no gas chambers at Auschwitz. After her book was published in England, Lipstadt was shocked to find out that Irving was suing her for libel. She was further distressed to learn that in British libel cases the burden of proof is on the defendant, who is presumed guilty unless she can prove her innocence. Lipstadt felt she had no choice but to fight back. “If I settled (out of court), it would be admitting I libeled him and that his version of the truth is correct,” she told me during a recent phone interview. The authenticity of the Holocaust narrative would be up for debate. In telling Lipstadt’s story, the filmmakers stuck closely to her account, and focused on how she struggled to rein in her take-charge nature and defer to her British lawyers in devising a strategy to defeat Irving. That meant Lipstadt not taking the stand, and the defense not calling any Holocaust survivors to testify. The attorneys felt that on cross examination, the prosecution would “pull to pieces” their testimony. Unlike true-life-based movies like Norma Rae and Erin Brockovich, which dramatize people who don’t have a voice Continued on Page 22


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By Jennifer Stempel, JTA

Cuban-Style Arroz Con Pollo

Chicken and rice, arroz con pollo is a dish for which every Latin country has its own unique spin. Some use beer versus wine, or crushed annatto rather than saffron. It’s affordable, it’s rich with flavor, and it's visually gratifying. And the best part of all is how quickly it cooks up, making it ideal for a family-friendly weeknight meal. 1 Tbsp. olive oil 1 whole chicken (3 or 4 lbs.), cut into 8 pieces Salt Pepper 1 cup chopped onion 1 cup chopped red bell pepper 3 cloves garlic, minced 1 Tbsp. paprika 1 Tbsp. dried oregano 1 Tbsp. ground cumin 2 cups extra long grain rice 11/4 cup white wine 1 14-oz. can diced tomatoes (juice included) 2 cups chicken broth 1/2 tsp. saffron threads, crushed 2 dried bay leaves 1 cup frozen peas (not thawed) 1/2 cup sliced green olives Italian parsley for garnish Pimento peppers for garnish Heat olive oil in a large pot over medium-to-high heat, and add chicken pieces. Season generously with salt and pepper, and brown the chicken pieces. Remove the chicken and place on a plate.

Add the onion, bell pepper, garlic, paprika, oregano, and cumin to the pot. Cook until onions soften, stirring periodically. Stir in the rice and cook for another two minutes. Add the white wine. When the liquid reaches a boil, add the chicken pieces, tomatoes, chicken broth, saffron, and bay leaves. Cover the pot, and lower the heat to medium-low. Simmer for 20 to 25 minutes, or until most of the liquid evaporates and rice cooks through. (Note: it should not be completely dry.) Turn off the heat. Remove the bay leaves, Stir in the frozen peas and the sliced olives, cover and let stand for 15 minutes. Garnish with Italian parsley and pimento peppers. Serve immediately.

Cuban Chickpea Stew Recipe

I remember a night in Santiago de Cuba, when my cousin Virginia surprised us with this comfort dish. Her chickpea stew included big chunks of sweet squash, creamy potatoes and hearty chard, all perfumed

Cuban Chickpea Stew

with the unmistakable smoky flavors of chorizo. 1 Tbsp. olive oil 6 oz. soy chorizo or kosher chorizo if available 1/2 large onion, diced 1/2 red bell pepper, diced 3 cloves of garlic, finely minced 3 carrots, sliced in rounds Salt and pepper 1 large russet potato, cubed 1/2 kabocha squash, seeded and cut into large chunks, including peel 1 smoked turkey leg 1 8-oz. can of tomato sauce 1 quart chicken broth 2 cans garbanzo beans, drained and rinsed 1 bay leaf 1 bundle of chard, ribs removed and leaves coarsely chopped In a large stockpot, heat olive oil over medium heat. Add soy chorizo, breaking it up with a wooden spoon. Add the onion, bell pepper, garlic and carrot, and season with salt and pepper. Cook until onions are translucent. Add the potato, squash, turkey leg, tomato sauce, broth, garbanzo beans and bay leaf. Cook until the potato and squash are fork tender. Remove the bay leaf, turkey leg and squash pieces. Shred the meat off the turkey leg and return to pot. Remove the peel from the squash, dice the squash and return to the pot. Add the chard and continue cooking until chard wilts. Taste for seasoning, adjusting accordingly with salt and pepper.


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Not two sides

OBITUARIES Michelle Francine Gwynne (Himmell). A consummate musician, scholar, teacher, daughter, and sister lost her battle with cancer on Sept. 25, 2016, in Fort Mitchell, Ky. Ms. Gwynne was born Sept. 13, 1957 in Mt. Vernon, N.Y. to Roger and Vivienne Himmell of Dayton. She was preceded in death by her beloved uncle Leaonard Meisel, her grandparents Ben and Julia Himmell, and Catharine (Kitty) and Michael Meisel. She was a graduate of The Miami Valley School, Case Western Reserve University, Cincinnati CollegeConservatory of Music, Northern Kentucky University, and was one lecture/recital shy of a D.M.A. from CCM. She is survived by her parents, by her sisters, Catherine (Michael) Aharon and Amy (Tom) Lynch, both of New Jersey; by her niece Emily Aharon, nephews Max Aharon, Ian LynchHimmell, and Aidan Lynch;


a third sister, Ubolrut (Lek) Hanpanit (Toei) of Thailand and Art and Pim (our AFS Exchange student). She is also survived by the love of her life, Larry Jones, a devoted longtime friend, supporter, caregiver, and significant other. Over the years, Ms. Gwynne was involved with Mu Phi Epsilon music sorority, American Harp Society, and numerous orchestras and ensembles. She leaves her beloved horse, Teaka, in the hands of her friend Rab Hagan, who will assure that Teaka lives out her life in comfort. Interment was at the Highland Cemetery, Fort Mitchell, Ky. Contributions in her memory may be made to Hospice VITAS, 151 W. Galbraith Road, Cincinnati, OH 45216; Northern Kentucky Horse Network at 3500 Alexandria Pike, Highland Heights, KY 41076, or the American Cancer Society.



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Paula Kay Levi, age 65 of Dayton, passed away Sept. 30. She was preceded in death by her son Ryan. She is survived by her former husband and friend, Zohar Levi; son and daughter-in-law, Shawn and Andrea Levi; daughter and son-in-law, Rachael and Ryan Sutter; three grandchildren, Jordan Adkins, Miles Levi and Landon Sutter. Interment was at Beth Jacob Cemetery. Memorial contributions may be made to Hospice of Dayton. Mary Jane Segal (nee Abrams) age 80, passed away on Sept. 2 after a long and courageous battle. She is survived by her children, Steve (Jo Ellen) Weiss and Julie (Rick) Kantor; grandchildren Hallie Kantor and Ryan Kantor; devoted and loving sister, Nancy Samuels; very special friend, Herschell Levine; and close friends both in Cincinnati and in Dayton, where she raised her family. She was an avid reader, bridge player, loved the arts, tennis, and learning about new things. Her father, Harry A. Abrams, was also her pride and joy. We will miss her terribly and never forget her tremendous bravery, strength, compassion, and sense of humor. Interment was at United Jewish Cemetery in Montgomery. Donations made to The Library Foundation, 800 Vine St., Cincinnati, OH 45205, Isaac M. Wise Temple or Hospice of Cincinnati are so very much appreciated. Albert Solkov age 92, of Pompano Beach, Fla., formerly of Dayton, passed away Oct. 6. Mr. Solkov retired from USC Waste Equipment Company after 35 years of service.

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He was a member of Beth Abraham Synagogue and an Army Air Forces veteran of World War II. Mr. Solkov is survived by his loving wife of 63 years, Barbara L.; daughters and son-in-law, Lauren and David Maio of Dayton, Janine Raye of Tempe, Ariz., and Michelle Rose and John Wise of Las Vegas; grandchildren, Jessica (Kyle) Sewert, Jake Maio, Alixandra (Alexander) Galvez, Marissa Raye, Justin Rose; and many other relatives and friends. Interment was at Beth Abraham Cemetery. If desired, memorial contributions may be made to Beth Abraham Synagogue in Mr. Solkov’s memory. Florence A. Tannenbaum, age 100 of Dayton, passed away Oct. 6. Born in Dayton, she proudly received her bachelor of science degree from Wittenberg University in 1939 and taught school in Springfield and Cincinnati. She was a member of Beth Abraham Synagogue, Temple Israel, and Temple Sholom in Springfield. Mrs. Tannenbaum was a longtime member of the Order of the Eastern Star (Harvest Chapter) and Hadassah. She enjoyed The Dayton Philharmonic, playing the piano, traveling, and spending winters in Boca Raton. She was preceded in death by her beloved husband of 35 years, Dr. Robert Tannenbaum DDS; and her parents, Jacob and Ethel Arnovitz. Mrs. Tannenbaum is survived by her daughter, Lane Wood of Holden Beach, N.C.; and by two grandchildren, Ryan and Shayna Wood; as well as devoted family and friends, Matthew and Elaine Arnovitz, Burt and Alice Saidel, all of Dayton, and Duon Miller of Houston, in addition to many other relatives and friends. Mrs. Tannenbaum also appreciated the care she received from Home Instead. Memorial contributions may be made to Beth Abraham Synagogue, Temple Israel, or the charity of your choice in Mrs. Tannenbaum’s memory.

Continued from Page 20 and find one, this story is about someone who had a voice and had to suppress it. Mick Jackson, the Emmy Award-winning director of the film, says its title has a double meaning — defeating a Holocaust denier, and requiring an act of self-denial on Lipstadt’s part. She had to forego “the glory of standing up in court and speaking to this monster,” he said. Watching the film, I was caught up once more in the gripping, authentic story — every word from the trial scenes is taken from the actual trial — and in the larger theme of defending objective historical truth in an age of relativism. “There are not two sides to every issue,” Lipstadt insists. “My students (at Emory University) often believe everybody has a right to their opinion. But facts are facts. Historians can debate how the Holocaust took place, but the fact is, the Holocaust happened.”

A matter of trust

Lipstadt was first approached about having her book made into a film eight years ago, she told me. Initially skeptical, she gradually came around, impressed by the persistence, professionalism and seriousness of the producers, Russ Krasnoff and Gary Foster, who had studied her work carefully and done their homework. “I felt a need to entrust this story to someone who cares about the truth,” she said, “and they said, ‘we get it.’” That trust on her part extended to allowing the producers, director Jackson, and scriptwriter David Hare to tell her story on screen. She had high praise for each, and for Weisz, “a lovely person,” who spent several days with her and talked frequently on the phone. “Rachel’s approach was to get inside my head, ask me how I felt at different key moments, to make her portrayal more accurate,” Lipstadt said. “And I was willing.” Lipstadt was on the set for about half of the shooting of the film, which had scenes shot in London, Atlanta and Auschwitz, with permission from the Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum for several interior as well as exterior scenes. Lipstadt noted that producer Krasnoff flew to Poland for a day to show an almost-final cut of the film to museum officials at Auschwitz to assure its accuracy.



Judaism at play Back to basics series In a study of murderers and drunk driving felons at the infamous Huntsville, Texas prison, Dr. Stuart Brown noted the striking absence of play in every one of their life stories. Intrigued, Brown created the National Institute for Play to fund scientific research on the power of play. After years of study, researchers have concluded that play is a universal human need, from birth to death, and has the power to

Candace R. Kwiatek radically impact how we think, feel, and act in our everyday lives. We seem to be hardwired to respond in significant ways to play, even beyond the brain’s mirror neurons that give us the capacity for empathy. “Play lights up the brain like nothing else,” Brown explains, reflecting on brain imaging studies. Research suggests that play simultaneously activates diverse structures in the brain, fostering the ability to recognize novelty and use it to adapt; increases the willingness to explore; and enhances the ability to create and think outside the box in ways not apparent without play. Based on her extensive research with bonobos, primatologist Isabel Behncke interprets the significance of play: “Play suspends reality and trains our brains to explore multiple

different worlds safely. It is foundational to trust, learning expectations, creating relationships, developing positive emotions, and increasing creativity and resilience.” She further concludes that in play, we find the evolutionary roots of laughter, dance, and ritual. Why ritual? Charlie Todd, the founder of Improv Everywhere, describes play as “taking an ordinary place or ordinary time and finding something extraordinary about it,” and creating an activity around it that’s fun and gives a positive experience. Thus described, play sounds a lot like ritual, or at least ritual done well: from harvest to Thanksgiving, from day of birth to birthday party, from marriage union to wedding. Both play and ritual transform the real world of objects, roles, and actions into a symbolic one, making cultural ideas concrete. Familiar examples are capture the flag or flag football, battlefield games that re-enact real-life war strategies. Baseball is another example. Social commentator Jacques Barzun suggests that baseball “once expressed the unification of America, the teamwork involved.” Everyone working cooperatively and efficiently in business and industry “was like the making of a double play…” Of course, play and ritual

aren’t limited to the secular world. A Passover Seder transforms a family dinner into a celebration of history. A blessing transforms ordinary wine into a symbol of joy and gratitude. A mezuzah transforms an ordinary doorway into a touchstone of Jewish identity. Furthermore, the significance of ritual is identical to that of play — try substituting “ritual” for “play” in Behncke’s earlier description. Some Jewish rituals are obviously playful, while others are more intellectually or spiritually playful. But from the Bible onward, Judaism has always been at play. Here’s an “abecedary” sampling. Acrostics, playful compositions that abound in Psalms and prayers, are fun to compose and fun to read. Adon Olam has more tunes than any other Jewish song — play during prayer. Bedikat chametz is the tradition of a nighttime treasure hunt through the house for stray bits of leaven just prior to Passover. Brakhot (blessings) are a Jewish version of I Spy: after all, their purpose is to get us to see something extraordinary about the everyday. Challah-making is like edible string games. The garb of the kohanim, the Temple priests in the Bible is echoed today in dressing up the Torah. Dreidels are spinning tops used to tell the Chanukah story. Elijah is a folklore superhero. Israeli folk dancing appears at every celebration and even during prayer. Gematria involves playing with Hebrew letters and numbers like code to discover hidden messages.

From the Bible onward, Judaism has always been at play.

Dreidel with Chanukah gelt

The Chanukiyah, the Chanukah menorah, legitimizes “playing with fire” as part of a historical dramatization of the Maccabees. Havdalah involves sensorial play, star gazing, and playing with fire. Hebrew inspires play by its very structure of root letters and numerical equivalents. Kashrut, the Jewish dietary laws, includes nature identification and sorting activities. Midrash is imaginative biblical storytelling. Pilpul is masterful textual play through analysis or debate. The holiday of Purim is about dress-up and roleplaying, storytelling, parades,

and carnivals. Rosh Hashanah involves wind instruments and food play. The Seder weaves interactive storytelling with food play, singing, and an afikoman treasure-hunt. Simchat Torah includes parades and flag-waving. Sukkot is about fort-building, camping, and more parades. Tu B’shevat, from seeds to trees, is a gardener’s delight. Tzedakah becomes I Spy for needy recipients and lost coins to donate. Too often as adults we view Judaism as unapproachable, a demanding intellectual and spiritual enterprise tolerable only in small doses, if at all. But what if we were to see Judaism as it was designed, as a smorgasbord of play-filled activities for engaging with the world, the Divine, big ideas, and other people? What if we could see these play-filled activities as preparation for exploration and adaptation, as tools for enhancing our emotions, creativity, and resilience? What if we could see that the answer to Jewish survival is actually found in its play-filled design? What if we were able to see Judaism at play?

Literature to share 3 Falafels in My Pita: A Counting Book of Israel by Maya Friedman. With its bright, cartoon-like images of Israeli places and culture, this simple one-to-10 counting book is sure to delight the preschooler or kindergarten child. Have on hand a snorkel mask or perhaps even a batch of falafel, and this board book is a perfect way to introduce Israel to the young child. The Muralist by B. A. Shapiro. Hidden images. A disappearing aunt. A visit from the First Lady. Shapiro’s novel, populated by historical and fictional characters, drops readers right into the middle of a mystery and surprisingly, politics from its first pages. I loved Shapiro’s earlier book, The Art Forger, and this second novel is equally engaging. Perfect for those who love art, historical fiction, and simply a wonderful read.

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John & Sharyn Reger Russ Remick Brenda Rinzler Dr. & Mrs. Nathaniel Ritter Cherie Rosenstein Steven & Barbara Rothstein Jan Rudd-Goenner Felice & Michael Shane Dr. Marc & Maureen Sternberg Steve & Shara Taylor Col. Jeffrey Thau, USAF, (Ret.) & Rina Thau Julie & Adam Waldman & Family Judith & Fred Weber Donald & Caryl Weckstein Michael & Karen Weprin Dr. Judith Woll & Ron Bernard

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Israel’s Egyptian super-spy Uri Bar-Joseph reveals how the Yom Kippur War could have been lost without the actions of one high-ranking Egyptian official

In 1998, he was given access to hundreds of documents when he was asked to provide an in-house study on Israel’s intelligence service during the Yom Kippur War. Although he knew Marwan’s name, he did not reveal it in the book he subsequently wrote about Israel’s intelligence failures, because “he was a great spy, a great asset and I knew we should keep his identity secret.” By Francine Wolfisz That all changed in 2002, when Eli Jewish News, London As Ashraf Marwan’s body lay lifeless Zeira, the former chief of military inteloutside his central London flat, specula- ligence, leaked Marwan’s name to the press — primarily because tion arose that the 63-yearZeira believed he was a old Egyptian busidouble agent. Five years nessman had been later, Marwan was dead and the victim of a tragic to this day his killers have accident or suicide. But never been found. the investigation into For Bar-Joseph, the story his shocking death in is all the more tantalizing given that 2007 — caused by a fall Marwan was Nasser’s son-in-law. from his fifth-floor apartment — soon “For those of us who are old enough became shrouded in something far to remember who Nasser was, he was more sinister when it was revealed he the God of the Arab world in the 1950s was a former Mossad spy. and 60s,” he explains. “When Nasser Marwan, the son-in-law of former passed away, Marwan then became a Egyptian President Gamal Abdel very close assistant of President Anwar Nasser, turned traitor and for nearly 30 Sadat. years passed his country’s most inti“Almost everything that passed by mate military secrets to Egypt’s premier Sadat’s desk Marwan enemy, Israel. could put his hands on. So great was his conI don’t know of any spy tribution that a former in the 20th century with chief of Mossad, Maj. such great accessibility Gen. Zvi Zamir, called to information.” him “the best source What compelled a we ever had.” Marwan close family member of is credited with saving one Egyptian president Israel, with an advance and a close aide to anwarning of the Yom Kipother to turn traitor and pur War of 1973. leak his nation’s most His intriguing life and valuable secrets? suspicious death are deBar-Joseph says pertailed in Uri Bar-Joseph’s haps not even Marwan fascinating new book, himself knew why he The Angel: The Egyptian became a spy for Israel, Spy Who Saved Israel, but speculates on some which features extensive Author Uri Bar-Joseph of the reasons. research and interviews “First of all, there was a matter of with those who knew Marwan. money. Marwan loved the good life and Bar-Joseph, who will discuss The under Nasser, who was a very differAngel Nov. 9 as part of the Dayton JCC ent man, he couldn’t get the money he Cultural Arts & Book Fest, himself has wanted,” Bar-Joseph says. first-hand knowledge of Marwan’s “He was also probably frustrated story. He first stumbled across the by Nasser’s attitude towards him. The Egyptian billionaire’s true identity president didn’t want his daughter to while working as an IDF military intelmarry Marwan, because he suspected ligence analyst.


this week’s Jewish news with Radio Reading Service.

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he didn’t love her and just wanted to become associated with the family. “Marwan was also frustrated by the fact Egypt had been humiliated by Israel’s victory in 1967 and Suez in 1969-70 and he wanted to side with the victors, not the losers. “Finally he had the psychological need for risk and the need for adrenaline. Some people do bungee jumping — for him, it was spying for Israel.” Whatever the reasons, Marwan’s contributions to Israeli intelligence, which went on until 1998, were said to be unparalleled. “Here we have one country (Egypt), which plans to attack another (Israel), prepares all the war plans, gets all the arms, does all the training and Marwan reports everything — not just on the tactical level, but on the strategic level. He gives Israel the Egyptian war plan that was on the desk of the Egyptian high command. It’s really impressive.” In fact, it was a situation that was almost too good to be true. Some Israeli officers ignored vital information that Marwan had given, believing the Egyptian spy could not be trusted so readily. But his advance warning of the Yom Kippur War was taken seriously and, according to Bar-Joseph, he singlehandedly averted what could have been a disaster for Israel. “Without this, they would have started preparing only 15 hours later. If this had happened, the Golan Heights would have completely fallen into Syrian hands,” BarJoseph says. “The forces that blocked the Syrian advancement to the Jordan valley were reserve forces mobilized on Yom Kippur, some six hours before the war started. “Had they not been mobilized on time, the Syrians would have, in a matter of two or three hours, completely occupied the Golan Heights and Israel would have lost the war — something that would have changed the fate of the Middle East.” Despite the monumental impact Marwan had on Israeli intelligence, very few knew of his covert work. In 28 years, he had only one handler, “something that is very, very rare in the field of human intelligence,” Bar-Joseph says. None of his Egyptian colleagues had reason to suspect he was working for Israel; neither did his wife Mona. To this day, she believes Mossad, not Egyptian secret services, was behind his murder. For Bar-Joseph, the exact opposite is true. “I saw Zamir (former chief

of Mossad) after Marwan died and he almost cried with frustration. He published his memoirs a few years ago and wrote that he saw it as his personal failure that Marwan died this way. “Certainly, Mossad didn’t do it and they could do very little to protect Marwan once he became a successful businessman living in London.” Who killed Marwan? Bar-Joseph speculates that once the super-spy’s identity had been revealed to the media, it was only a matter of time before Egyptian officials decided to take action. He also draws similarities between Marwan’s death and those of three other Egyptians who have died in London by falling from balconies. They include actress Suad Hosni, Al-Leithy Nassif, Egyptian ambassador to Britain; and Ali Shafeek, a secretary of former vice president Abdel Hakim Amer. All were involved in Egyptian politics between 1966 and 1971. “When it became official that he was a Mossad agent, Marwan understood Egypt must do something,” Bar-Joseph says. “They had to get rid of this embarrassment — that the son-in-law of Nasser and one of them was such a traitor — and the only way to deal with it was to get rid of him. This is exactly what I think they did.”

For Bar-Joseph, the story is all the more tantalizing given that Marwan was Nasser’s son-in-law.

The JCC’s Cultural Arts & Book Fest presents author Uri Bar-Joseph on Wednesday, Nov. 9 at 7 p.m. at the Boonshoft CJCE, 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville. $5 in advance, $8 at the door. R.S.V.P. to 610-1555 or at


Past, present and future of Chabad Hilaree O’Neill

Photograph by Cory Richards


The JCC’s Cultural Arts & Book Fest presents author Rabbi David Eliezrie on Thursday, Nov. 17 at 7 p.m. at the Boonshoft CJCE, 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville. $5 in advance, $8 at the door. R.S.V.P. to 610-1555 or at

January 30 • Victoria Theatre

Wildlife Photojournalist


March 6, 2017 • Victoria Theatre

Pete McBride


Rabbi David Eliezrie

and the supplanting of it by a new system oriented between liberal Jews on the left and today’s Orthodox on the right, with the middle ground being occupied by Chabad and those drawn to its combination of unwavering tradition and welcoming spirit. “In the center of the community,” he writes, “will be a new paradigm. Significant numbers of Jews, who are either observant or traditional, will elect to affiliate with Chabad.” He points to his own experience in Orange County, Calif., where a network of 15 Chabad centers draws three times the attendance during the High Holy Days as the local Conservative synagogues. “Bottom line, in the next generation, a significant percentage, if not the majority of Jews engaged in Jewish life, will either belong to Orthodox synagogues,” he surmises, “or be on a trajectory toward fuller observance through their involvement with Chabad.”


Steve Winter

Photograph by Steve Winter

vidual action and responsibility. “Lubavitchers can do anything,” he told me last summer, after the book’s release by Toby Press. It was a statement that, while bombastic, represents his true belief. And it’s a belief I’d say is shared by most Lubavitchers. How else could a young North American couple today be asked to take up a post in the farthest corners of Russia, where they’d be expected to raise their children to the strictest of religious standards and to remain for decades? Weaving his case through several episodes from the movement’s modern history, Eliezrie bases his assertions not only on his own expertise, but on copious interviews, all documented in endnotes. A thorough index, however, is lacking. Perhaps most revolutionary is his conclusion, which asserts a realigning of Jewish life in the United States. He predicts the overall decline of the current denominational system that places Jews in orderly categories of Reconstructionist, Reform, Conservative and Orthodox

Photograph by Pete McBride

By Joshua Runyan Washington Jewish Week It’s been 13 years since Rabbi Eric Yoffie, then the president of the Union of Reform Judaism, pointed to the Chabad-Lubavitch movement as a source of inspiration for his own movement’s synagogues and congregants. “It is hard for me to say this, but I will say it nonetheless,” he told attendees of the Reform biennial conference in 2003. “We must follow the example of Chabad.” Since then, numerous studies have indicated the growth of Chabad in cities such as Miami, in Jewish day school education, and in the online sphere. Against such a backdrop comes a new book attempting to explain the reasons behind such growth — and what it portends for the future of the movement, Judaism in general, and the American Jewish community. As its title suggests, Rabbi David Eliezrie’s The Secret of Chabad: Inside the world’s most successful Jewish movement seeks to answer those who want to know why a movement with roots in 18thcentury Russia has become so commonplace in Jewish life that a long-running joke has Chabad being as ubiquitous as Coca-Cola. To be sure, other books have also explored the Chabad phenomena: Sue Fishkoff’s The Rebbe’s Army, for instance, analyzed the intellectual, philosophical and psychological underpinnings of the uniquely Chabad institution of shlichut, in which husband-and-wife couples become emissaries, founding schools, synagogues and treatment centers across the globe. Several books released last year in proximity to the 20th anniversary of the passing of the seventh Lubavitch leader, Rebbe Menachem M. Schneerson, looked at the animating presence of the Rebbe and his teachings that provide the spiritual heft of the movement. Eliezrie, however, focuses on the Lubavitchers themselves, from the rank and file to the emissaries like him — a veteran shaliach (the preferred term for emissary). He is the director of North County Chabad in Yorba Linda, Calif., and president of the Rabbinical Council of Orange County and Long Beach, sits on the board of the Jewish Federation and Family Services of Orange County, and serves as a liaison between ChabadLubavitch and the Jewish Federations of North America. His thesis is that the self-sacrifice of previous Lubavitch generations that saw the movement break through the oppressions of the Iron Curtain lives on in a spirit that puts a premium on indi-


April 24, 2017 • Victoria Theatre

2016–2017 SPEAKER SERIES Three compelling evenings with explorers, photographers, adventurers. Live and in person at the Victoria Theatre. See their experiences. Feel their stories. Be there on the front lines of our planet’s most amazing environments.








Subaru of America & Wagner Subaru




Featuring a multimedia art exhibit with local Jewish artists and artists from our Partnership2Gether region in the Western Galilee of Israel. Local artists include: Anne Burke, Glen Cebulash, Judy Chesen, Stefan Chinov, Cathy Gardner, David Hurwitz, Michael Jaffe, Sam Lauber, Joan Marcus, Steven Markman, Ray Must, Marlene Pinsky, David Rothschild, Shay Shenefelt, and Rina Thau. The Peoples of the Western Galilee project is a portfolio of photographs with associated text that illustrates the diversity of peoples who live in the Western Galilee region of Israel. Contrary to what many Americans hear through the media, this region in the north-west of Israel is relatively peaceful as different ethnic groups, including Jews, Muslims, Christians, Druze and Bahai’s cooperate and live within this small space of land. The goal of this project is to tell the stories of some of these people, important stories that extend the very limited narrative put forth by the media that is inaccessible to most people outside of Israel.


Author and NYT health blogger DAWN LERMAN author of MY FAT DAD: A Memoir of Food, Love and Family, with Recipes 6:30PM @ El Meson (903 E. Dixie Dr., Dayton) Dawn’s childhood was defined by a struggle for attention that was only fulfilled by a nurturing relationship with her maternal grandmother that took place in the kitchen.

$36/person includes book, dairy dinner, gratuity and non-alcoholic beverages. Limited seating available. RSVP required by Tuesday, November 1. Payment is required to confirm your reservation. Strictly kosher meal available upon advanced request.




Author URI BAR-JOSEPH author of THE ANGEL: The Egyptian Spy Who Saved Israel 7PM @ Boonshoft CJCE (525 Versailles Dr., Centerville) In a gripping feat of reportage, The Angel exposes - for the first time in English - the sensational life and mysterious death of Ashraf Marwan, an Egyptian senior official who spied for Israel, offering new insight into the turbulent modern history of the Middle East.

$5 in advance/$8 at the door

NOV 17

Author and Rabbi DAVID ELIEZRIE author of THE SECRET OF CHABAD: Inside the World’s Most Successful Jewish Movement 7PM @ Boonshoft CJCE (525 Versailles Dr., Centerville) What makes a successful business model? Rabbi David Eliezrie reveals how a small group of Chassidim in Brooklyn created the largest Jewish movement in the world.

$5 in advance/$8 at the door Sponsor: Chabad of Greater Dayton



New York Times bestselling author B.A. SHAPIRO author of THE MURALIST 7PM @ Wright Memorial Public Library (1776 Far Hills Ave., Oakwood) New York Times bestselling author B.A. Shapiro is a master at telling a gripping story while exploring provocative themes. Alizee Benoit is a budding American painter working for the Works Progress Administration (WPA) in New York City in 1940, while her family remains in Nazi occupied France. Seventy years later, her niece uncovers enigmatic paintings hidden behind recently found works that she believes may be the work of her great aunt. Shapiro weaves her story among historical characters such as Eleanor Roosevelt and famous Abstractionist artists including Rothko, Pollock and Krasner. No Charge. Sponsor: Wright Memorial Public Library



CABF TICKETS HOW TO ORDER: BY PHONE: Karen at (937) 610-1555 ONLINE: Credit Card Orders Only


IN PERSON: Boonshoft CJCE 525 Versailles Drive Centerville

7PM @ the Dayton Woman’s Club (225 N. Ludlow St., Dayton) Absorbing, tender, and sharply observed, The Best Place on Earth infuses moments of sorrow with small moments of grace. Through these eleven spellbinding stories, Tsabari focuses on Israel’s Mizrahi Jews, all searching for their place in the world.

AT EVENT: Evening of Event

$5 in advance/$8 at the door PAGE 26


NYT bestselling novelist melds fine arts to intrigue Q&A with The Muralist author B.A. Shapiro Lynn Wayne

By Molly Parr, Tell us about your latest novel. My newest book is called The Muralist and takes place in New York City right before World War II. This was when the WPA (Works Progress Administration) employed women. My character hangs out with Jackson Pollock, and Mark Rothko is her lover. She disappears while trying to get Jewish families out of France. She’s also enemies with Joe Kennedy and Charles Lindbergh. The Art Forger (2012) is the book of my heart. I’ve had five previous novels published, but they did not sell well and were read by few. In fact, I have another three left unpublished. The previously published novels are psychological thrillers and three are genre books, but that one? I just decided to write it. It’s about the heist at the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum, a forger, and the art scene. I spent three years writing it. It really defied categories. But then it was rejected because it defied categories. Eventually Algonquin Books was willing to take a chance, and then it turned into a New York Times bestseller. I got a contract for two more books. Then my older books were turned into e-prints, and they began to sell. This book saved my career.

Novelist B.A. Shapiro

Do you have a daily writing schedule? Writing is my job, and I’m a workaholic. I always get up and work. I do other things — see friends and family, go to the theatre. But I’ve been writing my butt off this fall. I’m in Florida for the winter, and this is how I spend my time. What’s your take on the Gardner heist? Well, I have two theories. One is a good one and one is a bad one. The first is based on the fact that the authorities suspect the IRA (Irish Republican Army), which would often kidnap and hold them for ransom. I think they hired inside people, and overnight they brought the paintings out to the pier and put them on a ship to Europe. My theory is that they’re now using them as collateral. It’s a good theory because the paintings are being taken care of. The second theory is based on two guards who admitted to always being stoned. They would go to parties at Berklee College of Music and talk about how easy it would be to steal paintings from the museum. My theory is that someone then did it as a lark, just to see if they could do it. And once they did it, they kind of asked, now what? They couldn’t sell them, so they decided to dump the paintings at the dock. But the truth is, no one knows. Anything is possible. It’s a 25-year-old ongoing crime.

Be a part of the Celebration! Rabbi Tina Sobo’s Installation Ceremony November 11 at 6:30 p.m.

The JCC’s Cultural Arts & Book Fest presents author B.A. Shapiro Tuesday, Dec. 6 at 7 p.m. at the Wright Memorial Public Library, 1776 Far Hills Ave., Oakwood. The program is free. For more information, go to

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Temple Israel • • 937.496.0050 130 Riverside Drive, Dayton, OH 45405 A Reform Synagogue open to all who are interested in Judaism. Childcare provided during Friday services and Sunday school.



BUGZ An All-School Musical Thursday, Nov. 17, 5:45pm Open to the public Hillel Academy students showcase their talents, plus their understanding of life cycles and bees. Students in classes K-6 star as a cast of fun-filled bugs going to a zany picnic. Everything is going along fine until the stink bug wants to participate?

Nurturing confident and successful learners 937.277.8966 •

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The Dayton Jewish Observer, November 2016