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Alumni: Oberlin hostile Israel, 4 p. 22 David Moss designs Grace Aftertoward Meals in comicJews book p. form May 2018 Iyar/Sivan 5778 Vol. 22, No. 9

Published by the Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton

The Miami Valley’s Jewish Monthly • Online at David Zimand

Sam Heider’s Bar Mitzvah

Fauda’s Lior Raz to keynote Presidents Dinner


ABC News

Between Iran & a hard place



Palestinian protester near Gaza Strip border, April 2

Sammy doc on JCC Film Fest

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After 81-year delay, Sam Heider celebrates his Bar Mitzvah

ABC News

ABC World News covers surprise event

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Sam Heider’s children told him they were hosting a Kiddush luncheon in honor of his 94th birthday after morning services at Beth Jacob Congregation on March 24. But Heider still couldn’t understand why so many people filled Beth Jacob’s main sanctuary on that Shabbat morning. Only then did his children tell him he would have his Bar Mitzvah ceremony and celebration — after a delay of 81 years. Raised in the village of Biejkow, Survivor Sam Heider’s Bar Mitzvah at Beth Jacob was covered by ABC News Poland, Heider was the only Bar Mitzvah ceremony and celebration, member of his immediate family to which they hoped would take place survive the Holocaust. His parents, two at the shtibel (small synagogue) of the brothers, and three sisters perished in the gas chambers of Treblinka. Somehow, Gerrer Rebbe, Avraham Mordechai Alter. Gerrer Chasidism was the largest he made it through five concentration camps, including Auschwitz and Dachau. Chasidic movement in Poland. “I wanted to have the Bar Mitzvah beBut even before the Nazis invaded cause I was prepared for it,” Heider said. Poland in 1939, Polish antisemitism was After Heider’s brother recovered, the pervasive; it kept Heider from his Bar family moved back to Biejkow. Then the Mitzvah when he became 13 in 1937. Nazis invaded Poland. “In 1937, we moved from the village ABC News Correspondent Erielle to Lodz,” Heider said. “The reason was Reshef covered Heider’s Bar Mitzvah because I went to a yeshiva (Jewish semiat Beth Jacob, which was broadcast that nary) there.” He added that with rumors Sunday night. of Hitler’s planned invasion of Poland, “So many called me from Israel,” his father thought the family would be Heider said. “And even from Germany safer in a big city. He was wrong. and family in France.” He even received “My brother was stabbed with a knife a call from a man who remembered him by Andekis — they were against the Jews,” he said. His brother recovered in a from their liberation from Dachau. Viewers saw Heider dance in a playful Lodz hospital for a year. Chasidic way. “Whenever we would go “He barely survived,” Heider said. to a simcha (celebration) of the Orthodox “It was about a quarter of an inch in his lung.” Their parents wanted to wait until in Poland, I would dance.” — Marshall Weiss his brother got better to hold Heider’s

IN THIS ISSUE Calendar of Events.......................17

L i fe cyc l e s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 8

Family Education............................22

O p i n i o n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 0



Kvelling Corner............................18

Re l i g i o n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20

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2:59 PM


‘I wanted to talk about the price those warriors are paying’ An interview with Fauda co-creator and star Lior Raz, Federation’s Presidents Dinner keynote speaker


The Jewish Standard M




By Michael Fraiman, The Canadian Jewish News For three years, Fauda has been a slow-growing international hit. The Israeli serial drama — available on Netflix — is about Israel’s mista’arvim, counterterrorism units trained to infiltrate local Arab populations. Now renewed for its third season, Fauda concerns a retired operative brought back to finish off a Palestinian terrorist he thought he had already killed. It was created by Avi Issacharoff, an Israeli reporter on Arab issues, and Lior Raz, a former special forces operative who is also the show’s lead actor. Raz will present the keynote speech at the Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton Presidents Dinner on June 3.




know, I’m an actor. To me, it was obvious that I’m going Lior Raz, co-creator and star of the Israeli to be the lead. But drama series Fauda still, I had to do an audition. We audiings about me. Just the director tioned many people to do this and casting director were there. part, because I wanted to know that it’s not just because I wrote Tell me about the casting proit. I deserve to do this part. I cess. wanted to know I’m the best for There are many Israeli Arabs this role. in the show, and it was very interesting to find lead acWell, you did write it with tors. They didn’t know if they yourself in mind, so you had Did you know you would star wanted to participate, because an advantage. in the show yourself? of how it sounds — they Listen, I wasn’t in the meetYeah, in the beginning — you thought they would be the bad guys, and many of them didn’t Related want to participate. But after they read the script, they saw Hollywood execs offer support to Netflix that we are respecting them, we after BDS movement asks it to scrap Fauda.........Page 12 are respecting their language, and they can really act, not just be a bad guy. The Jewish Federation Presidents Dinner with keynote speaker Lior Raz will be held Sunday, June 3 (cocktails at 5 p.m., dinner Were any members of the cast at 6 p.m.) at the Boonshoft CJCE, 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville. or crew Palestinian? Tickets are $75 adults, $36 ages 30 and younger, with additional No, they are Israeli Arabs. giving levels available. Tickets may be purchased at jewishdayton. org. For more information, call Juliet Glaser at 401-1558. Continued on Page Five What first inspired you to write about the mista’arvim? Two things: first, nobody in Israel knows about it. It’s kind of in the shadows. It’s really complicated — as an undercover agent you have to be yourself, but also someone else. The complexity is really interesting. Second, I wanted to talk about the price those warriors are paying — with their families, their friends, everyone.

The Adventures of

Bark Mitzvah Boy

I’m ready for my audition for that show CHOWDA !

I’ll break it to him gently...


c O 2018 Menachem

From the editor’s desk

When Israel’s consul general in New York, Dani Dayan, visited Dayton last August, I asked him how much leverage Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has with Russian President Vladimir Putin when it comes to reignMarshall ing in Iran’s military activities in Syria. Dayan’s response: “Not very much.” Weiss We’re seeing this play out now. Russia has allowed Assad’s regime in Syria to use chemical weapons again, and it appears Russia may allow Iran to cement its presence in Syria permanently, next to Israel. As of press time, Iran has stated it will “sooner or later” retaliate against Israel for its April 9 airstrike on Iran’s air base in Syria. Israel’s airstrike was likely the result of Iran’s attempt to attack Israel directly from Syria via a drone in February. Now, Israel prepares for Iranian missile and drone strikes. Netanyahu attempted to build on years of diplomacy with Putin. As Dayan explained, “Israel has more than one million Russianspeaking citizens. And they have families in Russia and the former Soviet Union. We have, for instance, issues of pensions, retirement money that they left in Russia and things like that.” But existential threats loom larger.

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Beth Abraham, Dayton’s only Conservative synagogue, is enthusiastically egalitarian and is affiliated with the United Synagogue of Conservative Judaism.

Alumni: Oberlin hostile toward Israel, Jews

For a complete schedule of our events and times, go to


Beth Abraham is Dayton’s only Conservative synagogue, affiliated with the United Synagogue of Conservative Judaism. We are an enthusiastically egalitarian synagogue. We also have an energetic Keruv program that reaches out to intermarried couples and families in our synagogue and in the Dayton Jewish community.

For a complete schedule of our events, go to


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Orchardly Park, Oakwood All Are Welcome! R.S.V.P. to Hazzan Jenna Greenberg with the vegetarian/dairy dish you’d like to bring at Service Schedule: Call or visit website for weekday service times. Kabbalat Shabbat, Fri., 5:30 p.m. Sat. Morning Service, 9 a.m.; Youth Service, 10:30 a.m.; Kiddush lunch following.


By Amanda Koehn, Cleveland Jewish News About 100 Oberlin College alumni signed an open letter dated March 28 describing on-campus incidents they feel were hostile toward Israel and Jews and were not, they argue, addressed appropriately by the college’s administration. The alumni assert Oberlin hosts disproportionately more events portraying Israel in a negative light compared to positive or neutral portrayals, which leads to antisemitic incidents on campus. Oberlin President Carmen Twillie Ambar responded in a March 29 statement, contending the letter portrayed the college inaccurately. She says the college’s commitment to Jewish life is demonstrated through student activities and communication between her and Cleveland Jewish community representatives. The president’s letter was followed by a supportive statement from Oberlin’s Hillel. “Oberlin College Hillel and the Cleveland Hillel Foundation welcome the involvement and concerns of alumni regarding Jewish life and Israel programming on campus,” Oberlin Hillel’s statement read. “We are committed to working with the college to ensure a safe and rich campus environment for all Jewish students.” Oberlin Alums for Campus Fairness, the group that wrote the letter, is a chapter of the national nonprofit Alums for Campus Fairness, which organizes alumni to “fight the antisemitism that is infecting university and college campuses and promotes open and fair dialogue on campus regarding the Arab-Israeli conflict,” according to its website. It is a partner of the pro-Israel advocacy group, StandWithUs. The group’s letter argues that campus events and speakers tend to portray Israel negatively, which gives students a biased perspective. College speakers and events are chosen almost exclusively by student groups, not the college’s administration, it said. “We also believe that without offering students the opportunity to hear counter-narratives and robust debate and dialogue, Oberlin College is engaging in political indoctrination rather than offering rigorous education,” the ACF letter read. It also detailed antisemitic and anti-Israel incidents that took place on campus in recent years, including vandalism with an antisemitic message to a professor’s home and fliers on campus calling for the end of “Jewish privilege.” “We have attempted to work directly with the administration to address these concerns, but they have not been responsive,” the letter read, referring to a similar open letter issued in 2016. An Oberlin ACF spokesperson who did not want to be identified by name was reached by the Cleveland Jewish News. The spokesperson answered questions via email on behalf of the group because its chapter leader, Melissa Landa, who sent the letter, was unavailable for comment. Landa has filed a Title IX complaint against her former employer, the University of Maryland, alleging she was dismissed for her pro-Israel activism, including that with Oberlin ACF. The spokesperson said alumni didn’t include students in the letter because of the “campus climate,” pointing to a Daily Beast article describing student tolerance for anti-Semitic and anti-Israel activity on campus. The 2016 article described incidents involving former assistant professor Joy Karega, who was dismissed from the college in November 2016 after being placed on leave earlier that year for making antisemitic and comments online.

Editor and Publisher Marshall Weiss 937-853-0372 Contributors Rachel Haug Gilbert Candace R. Kwiatek Advertising Sales Executive Patty Caruso, Proofreaders Rachel Haug Gilbert, Pamela Schwartz Billing Jeri Kay Eldeen, 937-853-0372 Observer Advisor Martin Gottlieb Published by the Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton David Pierce President Judy Abromowitz Immediate Past Pres. Bruce Feldman President Elect Todd Bettman Officer Dr. Heath Gilbert Officer Beverly Louis Officer Mary Rita Weissman Officer Cathy Gardner CEO The Dayton Jewish Observer, Vol. 22, No. 9. The Dayton Jewish Observer is published monthly by the Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton, a nonprofit corporation, 525 Versailles Dr., Dayton, OH 45459. Views expressed by guest columnists, in readers’ letters and in reprinted opinion pieces do not necessarily reflect the opinion of The Dayton Jewish Observer, The Dayton Jewish Observer Policy Committee, the Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton or the underwriters of any columns. Acceptance of advertising neither endorses advertisers nor guarantees kashrut. The Dayton Jewish Observer Mission Statement To support, strengthen and champion the Dayton Jewish community by providing a forum and resource for Jewish community interests. Goals • To encourage affiliation, involvement and communication. • To provide announcements, news, opinions and analysis of local, national and international activities and issues affecting Jews and the Jewish community. • To build community across institutional, organizational and denominational lines. • To advance causes important to the strength of our Jewish community including support of Federation agencies, its annual campaign, synagogue affiliation, Jewish education and participation in Jewish and general community affairs. • To provide an historic record of Dayton Jewish life.

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Lior Raz Continued from Page Three Palestinians are not allowed to work in Israel.

PBL Photography/Federation CJA

‘Arabs love the show, and Jews love the show. You can make people get closer.’

and Palestinians. So you want to show it in the show. But it’s hard. It’s hard to say goodbye.

What was your original goal with the show? Hisham Suliman, the I wanted to get every Arab-Israeli actor who thing off my chest. We plays the lead terrorist, didn’t know it was gomade a comment a couple ing to be such a successyears ago about an Israeli thing, even in Israel Lior Raz ful soldier being killed in — we thought the only Palestine, which caused a people watching were bit of media controversy. going to be me and my How did the personal mother, and Avi’s mothpolitics of the cast and er. For us, every day is a crew affect the filming big surprise. Our goals process? were just to create. We We were shooting durdon’t want to change the ing Operation Protective world, we don’t want to Edge, and we were in the make peace. war zone. But still we I want to, of course, in worked together, 100 Israelis was stabbed by an Arab terrorist my personal life, to make peace, and Arabs creating a peaceful when we were together — and but this is not the purpose of bubble during the war. It was we showed how it affected her the show. The byproduct is that amazing. It was the kind of coboyfriend like it affected me. people all over the world are operation you don’t see so much seeing it, Arabs and Jews — in Israel. Why did you revisit that in and Arabs love the show, and public? Jews love the show. You can So no personal politics, disThis is art. In order to make make people get closer. You can agreements during the filming good art, you have to bring it make them become friends and process? from your experience in life. understand each other and feel We had some arguments, For me, it was actually quite a compassion to the other side. healthy arguments, but we got healing process. I didn’t talk This is the by-product of it. to know each other much better about Iris for 20 years, I think, through our conversations. The and now I’m talking about her When did you realize Fauda Arab population in Israel is very all the time. was a hit? complicated, and this was actuIn Israel, the first time I went ally the first time in my life that Whenever a character dies with the character Boaz — the I sat down with them, listened on the show, it’s violent and actor, Tomer Kapon — we went to them, talked to them about sudden, and I found myself out for a beer. And immediately, the complexity of their lives. in disbelief every time. What hundreds of people were startwas your approach to filming ing to run toward us to take a What parts of Fauda are accudeath? picture. Then, I truly underrate reflections of real life? We’ve had to say goodbye to stood that it’s getting crazy. In the show, there’s a woman characters we really love and And when I came to Miami last who dies in an explosion in a actors we really love. But you year, the immigration officer, terror attack. This was based on know, this is life. People are instead of asking me what is my a true story that happened to dying. This is the kind of show purpose of visit, she asked me me — my girlfriend, Iris Azulai, where people are dying, Israelis about Fauda.

Israeli cellist to perform, present case for giving at Presidents Dinner In addition to hearing from Fauda co-creator and lead actor Lior Raz at the Jewish Federation Presidents Dinner, guests will also listen to music performed by New York-based Israeli cellist Elad Kabilio. The music director of Ballet Next in New York since 2011, Kabilio teaches at Manhattan School of Music and is a founding member of the Israeli 12th Night Klezmer ensemble. He was a member of the Israeli Defense Forces String Quartet and has received America-Israel Cultural Foundation scholarships for a decade. Kabilio is also the founder of MusicTalks, a chamber music and conversation series. “Elad will play several vignettes for us throughout the evening and will share his story about how Federations help support the arts in Israel, and what that has meant for him,” said Juliet Glaser, Jewish Federation’s campaign director. Elad Kabilio Guests at the Presidents Dinner will have the opportunity to make their pledges to the Jewish Federation’s 2018 Annual Campaign, which provides funding for Jewish agencies locally, in Israel, and around the world. — Marshall Weiss

Federation to present Fauda screening

Lior Raz (center) and cast members of Fauda

The Jewish Federation will host a free screening of the Netflix drama series Fauda starring Lior Raz, at 7 p.m. on Monday, May 14 at the Boonshoft CJCE. Raz will be the guest speaker for the Federation Presidents Dinner on June 3. The New York Times named Fauda one of the best international television shows of 2017. R.S.V.P. to the Federation, at 610-1555. Kevin A. Bressler, CFP®, MBA Financial Advisor, CERTIFIED FINANCIAL PLANNER™ practitioner 10050 Innovation Drive, Suite 310 Miamisburg, OH 45342-4933 937.312.8008 kevin.a.bressler CA Insurance #0823959

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DAYTON Photos by Peter Wine

Greater Dayton

Yom Hashoah Observance

Survivor Dr. Felix Garfunkel shares his story

April 8 • Beth Jacob Congregation University of Dayton Prof. of Music Dr. Sharon Davis Gratto conducts the national anthems of the United States and Israel with the UD World Music Choir and Dayton Jewish Chorale at the Yom Hashoah Observance

(L to R) Leonard Wyrobnik recites the Kaddish with survivor Sam Jewish Federation Pres.-Elect Bruce Feldman with Heider, Beth honor guard members from Wright-Patterson AFB Abraham Rabbi Joshua Ginsberg, and son of survivors Mark Gordon

Holocaust Education Committee Chair Renate Frydman congratulates winners of the Lydia May Memorial Holocaust Poetry Contest

Lydia May Memorial Holocaust Poetry and Prose Contest

Survivor Dr. Aleksander Svager lights a candle on the Dayton Yom Hashoah Candelabra in memory of those who perished at Theresienstadt concentration camp, while shamos Ethan Watson and Temple Israel’s Rabbi Karen Bodney-Halasz look on. Displayed on the bima (stage) is Beth Jacob Congregation’s Gordon Family Torah, which Elia Gordon saved from his synagogue in Poland in 1941. PAGE 6

Division I, Poetry First Place: Jessica Holland, Warner Middle School Second Place: Meg Kiehl, Hastings Middle School Third Place: Katie Quintuna, Stivers School for the Arts Hon. Men.: Katia deJong, Kettering Schools Division I, Prose First Place: Hera Chung, Hastings Middle School Second Place: Andrew Marcum, Northmont Middle School Third Place: Will Miller, Warner Middle School Hon. Men.: Aubrey Brant, Northmont Middle School

Art contest entry, Tribute To Marcel, St. Anthony School grades six and seven

Max May Memorial Holocaust Art Contest Division I, Art Best in Show: Cody Vanhoose, Warner Middle School First Place: Rebecca Blumer, Oakwood Junior High Second Place: Alaigha Gore, Warner Middle School Third Place: Brynna Mardis, Warner MIddle School Hon. Men.: Lily Ray, Hillel Academy Hon. Men.: Kahlil Knick, Hillel Academy Hon. Men.: Mark Beckwith, Ascension Division II, Art First Place: Spencer Stevenson, Bexley High School Second Place: Tristen Luken, Kettering Schools Third Place: Marie Alexander, Stivers School for the Arts Hon. Men.: Chanda Hunt, representing Chaminade Julienne Collaborative and K12 Gallery Hon. Men.: Spencer Truran, Stivers School for the Arts THE DAYTON JEWISH OBSERVER • MAY 2018


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Members of Temple Anshe Emeth in Piqua cleaned up the congregation’s cemetery, Cedar Hill, on March 25. Front (L to R): Mike Feinstein, Janesa and Eliana Bowman, Joanne Hillelson, Judy Feinstein, Bill Peck, and Craig Kastner. Back: Karen and Lily Bowman, Jerry Hillelson, Darl Blevins.

Jewish War Veterans to place flags at graves for Memorial Day

JWV Post 587 member Alex Pearl plays Taps at Beth Jacob Cemetery after JWV members placed a flag at the grave of each military veteran

Jewish War Veterans Post 587 is seeking volunteers to help place American flags at the graves of Jewish veterans for Memorial Day weekend. JWV will place flags at Beth Jacob Cemetery on Friday, May 25 at 10 a.m., and at Beth Abraham Cemetery, Riverview Cemetery (Temple Israel), and at the Temple Beth Or section of David’s Cemetery on Monday, May 28 at 10 a.m. JWV maintains a list of Jewish veterans buried at those cemeteries and places a metal flag holder beside each

veteran’s grave. The holders help JWV to quickly find veterans’ graves. To have a flag holder placed at the grave of a Jewish veteran in time for Memorial Day, call Post Vice Commander Steve Markman at 886-9566. Markman also asks for help to prevent the theft of metal flag holders. “These items are funded by Montgomery County and the Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton for the sole purpose of being placed on the graves of our veterans,” he said.

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Between Iran and a hard place For Israel, questions of morality in Syria, Gaza. Analysis By Nathan Jeffay, The NY Jewish Week During Yom Hashoah, Holocaust Remembrance Day, nobody in Israel needed photo archives to find haunting pictures of chemicals destroying human beings. People just needed to watch the news, and see what was happening across their northern border. It is little more than 40 miles as the crow flies from Israel to Douma in Syria, where an alleged chemical attack left young and old dead and injured. Again. And as the tragedy in Syria ensues, again, some of the world’s most powerful people provide cover for the perpetrators. One expects Iran to stand behind the Syrian regime, but we should be able to expect much better from the Russian regime, which appears to be unconditionally backing Damascus. The hands of the Russian regime are “covered in the blood of Syrian children,” claimed Nikki Haley, America’s ambassador to the United Nations. The UN is talking the talk. Thomas Markram, one of the body’s senior disarmament affairs officials, told the Security Council: “The use of chemical weapons is unjustifiable. Those responsible must be held to account.” But the UN’s politics may well be too all-encompassing for it to be relevant. After all, this is a body that in May will give the chairmanship of the very UN disarmament forum that produced the treaty banning chemical weapons to none other than Syria. Hillel Neuer, executive director of the NGO United Nations Watch, had a pithy, if not disturbingly worded, comment: “Having the Syrian regime of Bashar Assad preside over global chemical and nuclear weapons disarmament will be like putting a serial rapist in charge of a women’s shelter.” Israel unleashed a swift retaliation against the Syrian regime for the chemical attack (and perhaps against Iran, which is increasingly trying to gain a foothold there). The strike on a Syrian air base is said to have left 14 people dead. Of course, the northern border is not Israel’s only hot spot at the moment. Hamas is holding weekly marches (the March of Return, it is called) on the GazaIsrael border in the run-up to Israel Independence Day/Nakba, Day of Catastrophe. So far there have been three of these Friday marches, which have led to attacks on Israeli soldiers, while Israeli responses have led to the loss of Palestinian lives. Despite the human cost, Hamas is gearing up for more installments. “We will break the walls of the blockade, remove the occupation entity and return to

The IDF insisted that it does “not intentionally target journalists,” Israel’s Defense Minister Avigdor Lieberman suggested that Murtaja was himself in danger by operating a drone above soldiers, and security officials have been quoted saying that he was actually a Hamas all of Palestine,” Hamas leader Ismail Haniyeh deoperative who had used his drones for Hamas intelliclared April 9. gence-gathering. Israel says that the IDF is acting correctly against a The questions over IDF conduct on the Gaza borpossible breach of its border by marchers from Gaza der are complex, and it is likely to take time to reach that could be harmful to Israeli security, and against any clarity. How this ongoing march unfolds over the protestors who are attacking soldiers. coming weeks is largely in the hands of Hamas, but “IDF troops have been dealing with shootings against them, placing of explosive devices on the fence, the IDF can help by acting with maximum caution, and Lieberman can help by dropping his stubborn refusal throwing of grenades, firebombs and stones, as well to launch an investigation into the journalist’s death. as smoke screens to prevent IDF soldiers’ action,” the Up on the northern border, things are more clear-cut. Israeli military said in a statement. It is no coincidence that the strike took place at an air Haniyeh is insisting that Gaza residents are engaged in a “peaceful, civilized and popular march.” His claim base with a heavy Iranian presence. Israel is alarmed by Iranian entrenchment in Syria, and always thinking is a hard sell to anyone who has seen images from the about the scenario of the day after the Syrian civil war border, and has heard Hamas admit that five of its fighters were among those killed: “Lucky Kassam fight- ends, and the effectiveness with which Iran may be able to use its power against Israel. If the strike was the ers were among the martyrs,” Hamas’ armed Kassam work of Israel, it would be a very Brigades announced. Said Khatib/AFP/Getty Images logical move in an intensifying But while Haniyeh’s assertion proxy war. is farfetched, Hamas is getting a Also, the challenge in the north propaganda boost from the fact is not just about managing a crisis, that the march has forced Israel but also about honoring a historical to respond, that there have been message. “As we approach HoloPalestinians killed and injured, and caust Remembrance Day, Yom Hasthat there are question marks over hoah, Israel should clarify that it aspects of Israel’s conduct. One of takes a moral stance against killers Hamas’ aims here is to put Gaza who use weapons of mass murder back on the international agenda. against civilians,” declared former Hamas hasn’t quite received the IDF intelligence chief Amos Yadlin. response it wanted from the InterHe was speaking before news national Criminal Court’s prosecuof the attack on the Syria air base, tor, Fatou Bensouda. As well as raising concerns over Israeli conA Palestinian protester burning tires during but was thinking along similar duct on the border and saying that clashes with Israeli forces near the border lines, saying that action should be taken to ground Assad’s helicopter it may constitute crimes, she said of the southern Gaza Strip, April 2 fleet. Yadlin also called for a U.S. the same of Hamas. She rang alarm response that “damages Assad’s ability to produce and bells about the organization’s “use of civilian presence launch chemical weapons.” for the purpose of shielding military activities.” Yitzchak Yosef, one of Israel’s two chief rabbis, said: More valuable propaganda-wise to Hamas than “What is happening in Syria is genocide of women and the ICC is the revelation that several journalists were children in its cruelest form, using weapons of mass injured by the IDF, and a photojournalist was killed. destruction.” Yaser Murtaja was a cameraman for Palestinian Ain He spoke about the Holocaust, saying: “As Jews who Media, and was wearing a vest marked “press” when have experienced genocide, as Jews whose Torah is a he was fatally shot. light to the nations, it is our moral obligation to try and Virtually every round of Israeli-Palestinian violence stop this murder.” has iconic victims who are held up as symbols, and Rabbi Yosef referenced the recent confirmation that Murtaja is the icon of Gaza’s Palestinians this time. Israel was behind the strike on a Syrian nuclear reactor Protestors claim that soldiers targeted press out of spite or because they wanted to deter media from cov- in 2007, saying that stopping the murder “is an obligation no less important than the moral obligation to ering the march, and Murtaja’s employer, Ain Media, destroy the nuclear reactor in Syria.” says it “will knock on all doors and will continue with For once, the rabbinate seems to be speaking for the legal institutions to hold the Israeli occupation accountnation. able for this heinous crime.”

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With latest strike on Syria, Israel’s cozy relationship with Russia could be over Kobi Gideon/GPO via Getty Images

By Ben Sales, JTA Israel attacked Syria April 9, just like it (reportedly) has countless times before. The difference now is that Russia is angry about the strike — and showing it. Russia has called out Israel publicly, condemned the attack and summoned the Israeli ambassador to “discuss developments.” The strike came soon after a Syrian chemical weapons attack on civilians. But the two attacks might not be connected. Here’s a quick rundown of why Israel is bombing Syria, why it officially pretends it isn’t, and why Russia is upset about it.

Israel has attacked Syrian targets many, many times.

Israel and Syria are technically in a state of war, but have not engaged in sustained armed conflict since the Yom Kippur War in 1973. Instead, the two sides have fought through Syrian-funded proxies like the Lebanese terror group Hezbollah. When the civil war in Syria began in 2011, Israel stayed neutral, providing some humanitarian aid to victims on the border but otherwise remaining out of the fray. The exception has been Israeli strikes against Syrian weapons convoys en route to Hezbollah. When Syrian President Bashar Assad’s government was at risk of collapse in the past, Israel worried that it would send its most powerful ordnance to Hezbollah, which has a stated aim of destroying Israel. Now, as Assad is nearing the defeat of the Syrian rebels, Israel is worried that Iran will set up permanent military bases in the country, at Israel’s doorstep. Iran’s leaders have pledged to wipe Israel off the map, and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu incessantly accuses Iran of seeking to develop nuclear

Russian President Vladimir Putin, left, and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu at a joint news conference at the Israeli leader's Jerusalem residence, June 25, 2012

weapons that would existentially threaten Israel. In February, Israel and Iran engaged in rare direct conflict over Syria: Iran launched a drone from a Syrian base into Israel, and Israel responded by bombing the base. Syria shot down an Israeli plane. The April 9 Israeli strike targeted the same base as in February, killing 14 people. It came shortly after Assad reportedly murdered at least 40 of his own citizens with chemical weapons, but Israel’s attack does not appear to be in response.

Russia is angry this time.

Ever since Russia increased its involvement in the civil war in 2015, sending soldiers and materiel to Syria, Israel has tried to stay on Russia’s good side. That year, the two countries agreed to coordinate military plans over Syria so they would not accidentally attack each other. And Netanyahu has tried to cozy up to President Vladimir Putin in various other ways — publicly thanking Russia for the Soviet Union’s role in defeating the Nazis, and staying silent on Russia’s seizure of Crimea and its invasion of Ukraine. But Russia-Israel relations have always been fraught. The

Israel is worried that Iran will set up permanent military bases in Syria, at Israel’s doorstep.

Soviet Union cut off ties with Israel after the latter’s victory in the 1967 war, re-establishing them only as the Soviet government was collapsing. And today, the two nations find themselves on opposite sides of the international order. Israel is allied with the United States, while Russia is still allied with Syria and Iran, two of Israel’s worst enemies. The April 9 strike targeted a base where Russian personnel might have been present, and Russia is complaining that it was not told of the strike in advance. So this time it’s not letting Israel’s bombings go unmentioned.

Israel usually keeps quiet about the attacks.

How many times has Israel attacked Syria since 2012? Few people, if any, know the exact number, so reports have relied on estimates like dozens, scores, even hundreds. Israel does not want to be seen as supporting one side of the complex conflict or becoming involved directly in the war. When Israeli officials do allude to the strikes, they focus on preventing threats to Israel, not bolstering Assad, the rebels, Islamists or anyone else. Netanyahu acknowledged these strikes last year. And on April 9, following the strike, he did say “We have one clear and simple rule, and we seek to express it constantly: If someone tries to attack you, rise up and attack him.”

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Better than Obama not good enough Israelis want a Allied airstrikes on Syria were praiseworthy. But the mission left unaccomplished is the Iranian threat, backed by Russia, which the Trump administration is ignoring.

The problem here is just the opposite of the chaos obsessed over by the president’s detractors. The issue in Syria is Trump’s unwillingness to confront a basic contradiction in his foreign-policy outlook that has been glaringly obvious since he first began campaigning for the presidency. He still can’t seem to grasp that you can’t be tough on Iran while being soft on Russia. If the United States is to mount a meaningful campaign — as Trump has often said he would — to roll By Jonathan S. Tobin back Iran’s efforts to achieve regional hegemony by a If the sole criteria by which U.S. President Donald nuclear deal that has enriched and empowered it, it Trump’s actions in Syria should be judged are to be compared with his predecessor, then perhaps the claim must be part of an approach that takes into account that Tehran’s most dangerous conduct is being enabled of a “mission accomplished” might be accurate. by Russia. Stacked up against President Barack Obama’s epic The other contradiction is that while Trump has failures in Syria, Trump doesn’t look so bad. But even if he were not describing the AmericanYouTube been extremely supportive of Israel in many ways, he’s also led strikes on Syrian dictator Bashar ignoring what is rapidly becomAssad’s chemical-weapons capabiling the most lethal threat to its ity with that cringe-inducing phrase, security: Iran’s presence in Syria. we would still have to judge Trump’s Friends of Israel should be actions as, at this point in time, very grateful to Trump by discarding much a mission left unaccomplished. the foreign-policy establishment’s As the White House has made clear, warnings about recognizing Jeruthe missile strikes were strictly a onesalem as the Jewish state’s capital off event, entirely disconnected from and for ending Obama’s policy any overall strategy to deal with the of trying to create more daylight threat posed by a Syria dominated by between America and its sole Russia and occupied by Iranian forces democratic ally. He’s also right — determined to turn that country into a U.S. President Donald Trump announces the launch of airstrikes on and the supposed “adults” wrong front against Israel. Syria on April 13 for its use of chemical — when he speaks of the dangers Just as troubling is the signal from weapons on civilians inherent in an Iran nuclear deal Washington that the president is planthat must be renegotiated if Tehran is to be prevented ning, despite appeals from his national-security team from eventually gaining such a weapon. and American allies, to pull all U.S. forces out of Syria But that doesn’t give him a pass for deciding that after the defeat of ISIS is also deemed complete. Syria is merely a theatre for dramatic U.S. gestures, While Trump was moved, as he should have been, rather than the pivotal issue that may decide whether by Assad’s atrocities against civilians to strike at another war in the Middle East is inevitable. the Syrian dictator’s forces, he isn’t prepared to do If the message Trump is sending to Assad is that he anything more than that or act in a meaningful way to can go on killing people — though not with chemistop the slaughter in that country. Despite the missiles, Trump is maintaining Obama’s cal weapons — that is just as much of an abdication of America’s moral authority as Obama’s spineless policy of punting Syria to Russia and treating Iran’s responses. provocative takeover there as something of no interest Just as troubling is the idea that the message Trump to the United States. is sending to Russia is that it shouldn’t interpret the He’s also apparently prepared to stand by and let president’s histrionics as an indication that the United a successor Islamist group fill the vacuum left by the States is still interested in engaging in the United States withdrawal, just as hapregion. pened after Obama pulled out of Iraq You can’t be Worst of all is that Iran is likely interpretand stayed out of Syria — the exact tough on Iran ing Trump’s gestures as a sign that the United events that led to the rise of ISIS. States doesn’t regard its building of military Americans can take some satiswhile being bases and weapons factories in Syria as an isfaction that the United States is not soft on Russia sue it cares about. prepared to let the use of chemical If America is telling Russia that it won’t weapons go unpunished, as was the demand that Vladimir Putin restrain Iran or push it case with Obama’s humiliating “red line” retreat. out of Syria, then Israel is being left to fend for itself By the same token, they should applaud the progas a problem the Americans helped create gets out of ress that American-led forces have made in the fight control. against ISIS. Trump’s loosening of the rules of engageFor all of the good Trump has done for Israel in the ment transformed the stalemate he inherited from last 14 months, leaving it alone to deal with Iran and Obama into a rout of the Islamists. Russia in Syria is simply too dangerous. But no one should be fooled by the spectacle of the Israel must balance the need to maintain relations allied attacks on Assad’s chemical-weapons capability into thinking that America is doing anything meaning- with Russia — now the region’s leading power — with the imperative to prevent Iran from threatening its ful about what is arguably the worst human-rights safety. catastrophe of the 21st century. If Trump doesn’t understand that simply abandonNor should it escape anyone’s notice that Trump’s ing Israel in this manner is an invitation to Iranian policies are essentially leaving Israel alone to face a aggression and a new Middle East war, and that this is deadly threat on its northern border. profoundly precarious for U.S. interests and security, then he’s just as foolish as his enemies claim him to be. So, what do you think? Send your letters (350 words max., thanks) to The Dayton Jewish Observer • 525 Versailles Drive Dayton, OH 45459 •


Jonathan S. Tobin is editor in chief of JNS — the Jewish News Syndicate.

solution to the African migrant crisis, though few want them to stay

By Josefin Dolsten, JTA When Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu walked back an agreement with the United Nations to resettle abroad at least half of the African migrants seeking asylum in his country, it did not play well with the majority of Israelis. But don’t assume that means the public wants the migrants to stay in Israel, pollsters warn. While most knocked Netanyahu for a lack of leadership, the Israeli public overwhelmingly rejects the idea of granting residency to all or most of the migrants. “They are not ready to have 40,000 people being recognized,” said Tamar Hermann, the academic director of the Guttmann Center for Public Opinion and Policy Research at the Israel Democracy Institute, which has done surveys on the issue. Hermann was referring to the 40,000 or so Sudanese and Eritrean migrants who have made their way to Israel, often to South Tel Aviv. While nongovernmental organizations in Israel and Jewish and civil rights group abroad consider them refugees, opponents regard them as “infiltrators” who came to Israel for economic reasons, not fleeing persecution. Israelis also ask why it is their responsibility to solve problems originating in Africa, and question the economic and social impact of absorbing the non-Jewish migrants. More than 70 percent of Jewish Israelis are against granting the migrants residency, Hermann estimated. However, in that group some support granting residency to those of the migrants who qualify for official refugee status — but under the assumption that the number of recognized refugees will be small, she said. Hermann said it is hard to estimate how many of the group would actually qualify as refugees. Among those on the right of the migrant issue, meaning they do not want to the migrants to settle in Israel, Hermann said there are two groups that are the most vocal in their opposition to allowing the migrants to settle: residents of South Tel Aviv and religious Zionists. Those two groups oppose the asylum seekers for different reasons. The South Tel Avivians say the migrants who have moved there have brought crime and significantly deteriorated conditions in the low-income neighborhood. One such activist, Mai Golan, told the Israeli news site Walla that the situation in the neighborhood was “unbearable.” “It’s not the situation five years ago, it's worse,” Golan said. “The foreigners raised their noses, they got confidence and they enjoy the aid organizations that surround them. They talk to us inappropriately; the fear in the street increases.” Those who are part of the religious Zionist camp oppose settling the migrants for ideological reasons. They believe that as a Jewish state, Israel's responsibilities do not extend to the non-Jewish migrants, Hermann said. In January, the Ashkenazi chief rabbi of Israel, David Lau, defended the government's announced plan to deport the migrants — originally scheduled to be implemented in April — by distinguishing between refugees THE DAYTON JEWISH OBSERVER • MAY 2018

THE WORLD Tomer Neuberg/Flash90

Enjoy stepping out!

African migrants protesting in Tel Aviv, June 10, 2017

and economic migrants. “We have many people in the state of Israel who need to be cared for — citizens of the state,” he said. “I’m thinking of the disabled, whom we aren’t always able to support; the Holocaust survivors living amongst us — including some in disgraceful conditions. And I’m also talking about the residents of South Tel Aviv.” “Aside from all that,” Lau said, “we have to distinguish between refugees and people looking for work.” Hermann said that between a fifth and a quarter of Jewish Israelis are on the left on the issue, meaning they agree a solution must be worked out that will allow migrants to stay or that ensures their safety if they are sent elsewhere. But among progressives there is also a split, with some in support of allowing all the asylum seekers to stay in the country, regardless of whether they meet the international standards for refugee status; others say only those who can be classified as refugees should be allowed to stay. Rabbi Susan Silverman of Jerusalem has drawn comparisons to Jewish history, including Jews facing deportation to concentration camps during the Holocaust, in her advocacy work on behalf of the migrants. “People risked their lives to save Jews, and we as a country are now saying we don’t want to risk the tiniest demographic shift?” she told Haaretz. When the migrants were facing threats of deportation, Silverman helped lead

an initiative urging Israelis to shelter the asylum seekers in their homes. Hermann said the debate is not only about the fate of the migrants; it touches upon a larger question in Israeli society. “The struggle is not only about these 40,000 people," she said, “it’s about if Israel is a liberal democracy acting along the lines of international law or the code of conduct of liberal democracies — or is it another kind of a country, for Jews and therefore those who are not Jewish should not be allowed to stay here for a longer period of time unless they have a very good reason.” Meanwhile, Netanyahu earned scorn for what even in Hebrew is described as a “zigzag” on the U.N. deal that would have granted refugee status to about half the migrants and resettled the rest in Western countries. Fifty-six percent of Israelis described his move as “very bad” or “bad,” according to a poll by Israel’s Channel 10. Another 23 percent described his handling of the agreement as “fair” and only 10 percent said it was “very good,” with the rest saying they were not sure. Hermann said the decision was viewed “very negatively” even among those who had criticized Netanyahu for the agreement because it was seen as an example of bad leadership. “People are wondering how does he make his decisions, why didn’t he consult with his coalition partners earlier on,” she said. “They see it as a negative sign of his ability right now to deal with strategic issues.”

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Fun, laughter, and the company of good friends. At Bethany Village, our residents are always on the go. From personalized exercise programs to fascinating group classes... from day trips around town to guest speaker events on campus... from themed lunches to festive happy hours... every single day is a new adventure. The Bethany Village Life Enrichment team provides our community with a full range of diverse and eclectic activities – most requested directly from our residents themselves. They take art classes, listen to music recitals, enjoy games and sports, and, when the mood strikes, just kick up their heels with friends. Picture yourself in the center of it all on our beautiful 100-acre campus. Gorgeous villas, cottages, and apartments are available now. Schedule a tour today!

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Temple Beth Or says thank you to our Makor and Hebrew School teachers.

Todah Rabbah!

Our young people and all the people of our Temple community are lucky to have you to pass on the traditions of the Torah! Rabbi Ari Ballaban Josh Beasley Scott Beckerman Deb Char Rabbi Judy Chessin Jude Cohen Rachel Dillon Elissa Dinsmore H.R. Downey

Rachel Gilbert Mark Gruenberg Noah Gruenberg Grant Halasz Teri Halasz Danna Kaplan Thea Klass Annette Nathan Alicia Ostrow

Renee Peery Talia Robbins Mary Rogers Jonah Simpson Rachel Stanzione Esther Weiss Jay Weiss Sarah Wolf-Knight Sarah White

Celebrate Shavuot May 19, 10 a.m. Mazel Tots and More: All are welcome for our Progressive Dairy Shavuot Experience. Please visit our website for the locations. May 20, 10 a.m. Shavuot Seder of the Seven Prophetesses, Levin Hall, Bring a Dairy Dish or other Brunch Offering.

Temple Beth Or 5275 Marshall Road Dayton, Ohio 45429 937-435-3400

Today...and for Generations PAGE 12


Hollywood execs support Netflix after BDS movt. asks it to scrap Fauda Ronen Akerman/YES

More than 50 entertainment industry executives have signed a letter in support of Netflix, after the boycott, divestment and sanctions movement against Israel threatened a lawsuit over its distribution of the Israeli drama series Fauda. The show focuses on a commando unit of the Israeli Defense Forces whose members embed themselves in the Palestinian community, A scene from the second season of Fauda gathering intelligence and preventing terror attacks. The BDS movement posted a statement Fauda is an Arabic word meaning on its website at the end of March from chaos. The show incorporates both the Palestinian Campaign for the AcaArabic and Hebrew dialogue. It airs on demic and Cultural Boycott of Israel. Netflix with English subtitles. Netflix is It called on Israel to “nix” the series, set to release the second season of the calling it “an anti-Arab racist, Israeli series in May. propaganda tool that glorifies the Israeli The letter sent to Netflix’s Ted Samilitary’s war crimes against the Palesrandos, chief content creator, and Peter tinian people. Failing to do so will open Friedlander, vice president of original Netflix to nonviolent grassroots pressure series, praised Fauda for presenting a and possible legal accountability.” “nuanced portrayal of issues related to Specifically, the statements demands the Israeli/Palestinian conflict,” Variety that Netflix suspend production of season reported. three of the series, refrain Netflix is set from releasing season two and The letter also said that the show, “mirrors the remove season one from its to release power of the arts in general; streaming service. the second they bring up difficult but The statement also said that important conversations, season of the the series “promotes and legitexpanding our horizons and violent acts committed series in May. imizes allowing us to experience against Palestinians in the ocdifferent points of view.” cupied Palestinian territory by Among the executives signing the letIsraeli army death squads — the so-called ter, according to Variety, were Rick Rosen, ‘Mistaravim.’ The show’s writers, who head of television at WME; Marty Adelwere members in these units, have based stein, CEO of Tomorrow Studios; Gary the series on the war crimes committed Ginsberg, executive vice president of cor- by these squads against Palestinians.” porate marketing and communications of The series was created by Avi IssaTime Warner Inc.; Jody Gerson, chairman charoff, the Arab affairs reporter for the and CEO of Universal Music Publishing English-language Times of Israel news Group; Neil Jacobson, president of Geffen website, and actor Lior Raz, who stars Records; and Ben Silverman, chairman in the show. Both men served in the IDF and co-CEO of Propagate Content. unit depicted in the series. — JTA

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The community enjoyed a creative Israeli celebration Sunday, April 15 at Israel @ 70.PHOTO CREDIT: Peter Wine

A visiting Arab-Israeli student shows off his artwork at Peace by Piece: Art as a Catalyst for Social Justice at the Dayton Art Institute on Monday, April 9. PHOTO CREDIT: Peter Wine

The community Yom Hashoah Remembrance at Beth Jacob Congregation on April 8. As the Gordon family prepared to leave their home in Poland, their grandfather took the Torah from the local synagogue to a gentile farmer, and begged him JCC early childhood Jewish Family

to keep the Torah until they could return. After

Services and JCC

Early Childhood teamed up for

liberation, the Gordon family carried the special scroll as they walked from Poland to the DP

another Mitzvah Mission at Friendship Village and had

camps in Germany. They brought it with them

a hoppin' good time making frog puppets for Passover.

across the ocean to America in 1949.

PHOTO CREDIT: Shay Shenefelt











EVENTS & PROGRAMS SUNDAY 6 JUNIOR YOUTH GROUP (GRADES 5–8) Miniature Golf Outing 4PM–5:30PM @ The Trails Miniature Golf (1601 E. David Rd., 45429) Join us for our final event of the school year at at The Trails miniature golf in Kettering! $5 per person.

TUESDAY, MAY 8 ACTIVE ADULTS & HADASSAH Dine Around 1PM @ Coco's Bistro (250 Warren St., Dayton 45402) Join the Active Adults and Hadassah after the JCC Film Festival's morning screening of An Act of Defiance at The Neon. RSVP to Connie Blum, 937-274-4717, by May 4.

MONDAY 7 YAD (AGES 21–35) YAD Trivia Trolley 6:30PM-8:30PM @ Dayton Beer Company (41 Madison St., 45402) Hop to downtown Dayton's hottest trivia spots, a trivia-themed pedal wagon ride. Cost for your seat on the pedal wagon is sponsored by the Jewish Federation, food and beverage is on your own.

7PM @ Boonshoft CJCE Free screening of the first two episodes of Season One. Lior Raz (FAUDA co-creator and keynote speaker at our 2018 Presidents Dinner) stars as the commander of a mista’arvim, a commando unit trained to operate undercover in the Palestinian territories.

FRIDAY 18 JCC Book Club 10:30AM @ Temple Israel (130 Riverside Dr., 45402) Dreams of Joy by Lisa See. RSVP to Ellen Lauber, 937-432-0970.

RSVPs due at least 1 week before event. Events with no price listed are free. FOR MORE INFORMATION OR TO RSVP (unless noted): 937-610-1555

SAT 19

SUN 20

MON TUE 22 21

TUE 15

FRI 11

SAT 12

WEDNESDAY 16 JCC EARLY CHILDHOOD End of the Year Picnic 6-8PM @ Boonshoft CJCE End of year picnic for Early Childhood students and their families. Please join us for food and fun that's Out of this World! RSVP by Friday, May 11. $6 Adults, $3 Children.

THURSDAY 17 JFS OSHIIP Welcome to Medicare 6–8PM @ Boonshoft CJCE Are you turning 65 and nearing Medicare eligibility? OSHIIP wants to provide you with critical information so you have confidence in selecting plans that best suit your healthcare needs.

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THU 31


CLASSES Zumba Tuesdays @ 6:15–7:15PM

$20/4 week session. $10/drop ins. Instructor Shelly Joiner. Zumba is a cardio workout that melts fat, strengthens your core, and improves flexibility that feels more like a dance party than a workout.

Krav Maga

Tuesdays @ 6:30–7:30PM

$50/4 week session beginning May 1. Become safer and more confident by learning real world survival tactics. Register directly with instructor Tim Tharp at PAGE 14

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WEDNESDAY 9 CAMP SHALOM Camp Shalom Gadol Family Night 5:30PM @ Whole Foods (1050 Miamisburg-Centerville Rd., 45458) Get a jump on summer fun by meeting new and old camp friends and counselors and playing games on the Whole Foods patio. Enjoy a light dinner with hotdogs and sides.


THURSDAY 17 ACTIVE ADULTS Dine Around and Winan's Factory Tour 10:45PM Meet up @ Beth Jacob Parking Lot (7020 N. Main St., 45415) Learn how your favorite local chocolatier makes their delicious confections! Tour is $5 per person. Lunch at 311 Draft House is on your own. Details on Upcoming Events page.

SUNDAY 6 PJ LIBRARY & PJ OUR WAY We All Scream for Mountains of Ice Cream 10AM @ Centerville Graeter's (2 N. Main St., 45459) Tour everyone's favorite ice cream shop and enjoy free ice cream while we enjoy a Shavuot-themed story.

f nor o In ho 70th ’s Israel dence n e Indep njoy a Day, e r Krav ao Zumb ss FREE cla Maga y 15. on Ma



INNOVATION GRANT APPLICATIONS DUE MAY 9 Through Innovation Grants, the Federation encourages new, grassroots programming that comes from the heart of the community. Grants are considered for programs that meet one of the following core priority areas: › Programs designed to reach out to and engage young adults and families within the greater Dayton Jewish community. › Programs or events designed to bring the entire Jewish community together. › Programs and projects that are collaborative efforts between multiple organizations and/or individuals.   In addition, programs should aim to enhance life in the greater Dayton Jewish community. Dayton area Jewish non-profit organizations or individuals whose program will be sponsored by a Jewish non-profit organization are welcome to apply. Completed applications are due Wednesday, May 9.   To request an application, please contact Jodi Phares at or 937-610-5513.



If you would like more information on the LIFE & LEGACY program, please contact Janese R. Sweeny, Esq. at 937-401-1542.


Legacies, Tributes, & Memorials FEDERATION

THU 31

UNITED JEWISH CAMPAIGN IN MEMORY OF › Arthur Carne › Marlene Carne Caryl and Scott Segalewitz › Marlene Carne Judy and Dr. Howard Abromowitz › Izabella Hertz, mother of Ellie Bernstein Elaine and Joe Bettman Debby and Dr. Robert Goldenberg › Father of Cantor Andrea Raizen › Mother of Jenna Greenberg Donna and Marshall Weiss HOLOCAUST PROGRAMMING FUND IN HONOR OF › Bar Mitzvah of Sam Heider Donna and Marshall Weiss Melinda and Bill Doner Kathy and Mark Gordon Elaine and Joe Bettman Cherie Rosenstein IN MEMORY OF › Jack Bomstein Rivka and Jack Rubinfeld

LINDA RUCHMAN MEMORIAL FUND IN MEMORY OF › Izabella Hertz, mother of Ellie Bernstein Barbara and Dr. Ira Kushnir › Dr. Edward Meadow Judy and Marshall Ruchman Nicki Caplan › Barbara Rosenbaum Nicki Caplan PJ LIBRARY FUND IN HONOR OF › New granddaughter of Mimi and Stuart Rose Marcia and Ed Kress JFS

ROBERT L. AND RITA Z. CLINE BIKUR HAVERIM ENDOWMENT FUND IN MEMORY OF › Izabella Hertz, mother of Ellie Bernstein Cathy Gardner

JEWISH FAMILY SERVICES IN HONOR OF › New granddaughter of Marla and Dr. Stephen Harlan Beverly and Jeffrey Kantor IN MEMORY OF › Arthur Carne › Marlene Carne › Jerry Jacobson › Helen Jacobson › Joe Hollander Marlene and Dr. Henry Maimon › Marlene Carne Susan and Jonas Gruenberg

JOAN & PETER WELLS AND REBECCA LINVILLE FAMILY, CHILDREN, AND YOUTH FUND IN HONOR OF › New twin grandchildren of Mary Rita and Norman Weissman Joan and Peter Wells IN MEMORY OF › Marlene Carne › Ted Partlow Joan and Peter Wells FOUNDATION


JEREMY BETTMAN B’NAI TZEDEK FUND IN MEMORY OF › Ed Zawatsky › Dr. Edward Meadow › Izabella Hertz, mother of Ellie Bernstein Jean and Todd Bettman

THEODORE ARNOVITZ FILM FESTIVAL FUND IN HONOR OF › New granddaughter of Marla and Dr. Stephen Harlan Gayle and Irvin Moscowitz IN MEMORY OF › Dr. Edward Meadow Gayle and Irvin Moscowitz




Hop on the Boat for Summer Fun with

18 months–entering kindergarten Camp begins Monday, June 4

Camp m o l a h S ! g n o Str

grades 1–10

Camp begins Tuesday, June 5

Contact Audrey MacKenzie

Contact Meryl Hattenbach

Director, JCC Early Childhood

Director, Camp Shalom Gadol



& We All Scream for Mountains of Ice Cream Sunday, May 6, 10AM @ Graeter’s Ice Cream in Centerville (2 N. Main Street, 45459) Come join us for a tour of everyone’s favorite ice cream shop and enjoy some free ice cream while you listen to a Shavuot story from PJ Library! PJ Library and PJ Our Way kids and families are invited; free serving of ice cream for kids and adults! Dairy free options available. RSVP by April 30 at or 937-610-1555. PAGE 16

Active Adults

Dine Around & Winan's Factory Tour Thursday, May 17 10:45PM Meet up @ Beth Jacob Parking Lot (7020 N. Main St., Dayton 45415) 11:30AM Lunch @ 311 Draft House (311 North Main St., Piqua 45356) 1PM Tour @ Winan's Factory (310 Sprint St., Piqua 45356) Learn how your favorite local chocolatier makes their delicious confections! Tour is $5 per person. Lunch at 311 Draft House is on your own. RSVP at or 937-610-1555 by May 10.

Dine Around with Hadassah Tuesday, May 8 @ 1PM Coco's Bistro (250 Warren St., Dayton 45402) Join the Active Adults and Hadassah after the JCC Film Festival's morning screening of An Act of Defiance at The Neon. RSVP to Connie Blum, 937-274-4717, by May 4. THE DAYTON JEWISH OBSERVER • MAY 2018


Chabad Classes: Sundays, 8:15 a.m.: Deep Chassidus. 10:15 a.m.: Maimonides’ Mishnah Torah. Mondays & Wednesdays, 8 a.m.: Talmud Class. 8 p.m.: Torah Study (Call for location). Saturdays, 8 a.m.: Prepare for Prayer Class. 2001 Far Hills Ave., Oakwood. 643-0770.

JCC Film Fest

For complete listings, see Page 24.

Community Events

Chabad Lag B’Omer BBQ: Thurs., May 3, 5:30. 2001 Far Hills Ave., Oakwood. R.S.V.P. to 643-0770.

Temple Beth Or Music & Arts Cafe: Sat., May 5, 7:30 p.m. $25. Adults only. 5275 Marshall Rd., Wash. Twp. Temple Beth Or Classes: Sun., May 435-3400. 6, 13, 20, 1 p.m.: Advanced Adult Hebrew w. Rabbi Chessin. Thurs., Beth Abraham Synagogue Women May 17, 1:30 p.m.: Chai Mussar of Valor Luncheon: Wed., May 9, Series begins. $40 for full year. 5275 11:30 a.m. 305 Sugar Camp Cir., Marshall Rd., Wash. Twp. 435-3400. Oakwood. 293-9520. Temple Israel Classes: Tuesdays, 5:30 p.m.: Musar w. Rabbi Sobo. Wednesdays, noon: Talmud w. Rabbi Sobo. Thursdays, 5:30 p.m.: Leading Shabbat Service Class. Saturdays, 9:30 a.m.: Torah Study. 130 Riverside Dr., Dayton. 496-0050.

Beth Jacob Congregation RabbiIn-Residence Weekend: Fri., May 11, 6:30 p.m. dinner ($18 in advance) followed by service at 7:45 p.m. Sat., May 12, 9:30 a.m. services & Kiddush. 7020 N. Main St., Harrison Twp. 274-2149.

Tuesdays @ The J: 6:15-7:15 p.m.: Zumba. $10 to drop in. Instructor: Shelly Joiner. 6:30-7:30 p.m.: Krav Maga. $50/4-week session beginning May 1. Register w. instructor Tim Tharp at survival-classes.html.

Temple Israel Anniversary Shabbat Service & Brunch. Sat., May 12, 10:30 a.m. 130 Riverside Dr., Dayton. R.S.V.P. by May 7, 496-0050.


PJ Library & PJ Our Way @ Centerville Graeter’s: Sun., May 6, 10 a.m. 2 N. Main St. Free. R.S.V.P. to 610-1555. JCC Camp Shalom Gadol Family Night: Wed., May 9, 5:30 p.m. Whole Foods, 1050 Miamisburg-Centerville Road., Washington Twp. Light dinner provided. 610-1555.


Junior Youth Group @ The Trails Miniature Golf: Sun., May 6, 4 p.m. Grades 5-8. 1601 E. David Rd., Kettering. $5. 610-1555.

Beth Abraham Men’s Club Mother’s Day Brunch: Sun., May 13, 10 a.m. Free for moms, $7 others. With Miami Valley Klezmer Ensemble. 305 Sugar Camp Cir., Oakwood. R.S.V.P. to 293-9520. Jewish Federation Screening of Fauda: Mon., May 14, 7 p.m. Boonshoft CJCE, 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville. 610-1555.

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Temple Beth Or: Sat., May 19, 10 a.m.: Mazel Tots Progressive Dairy Shavuot. Sun., May 20, 10 a.m.: Shavuot Seder of Seven Prophetesses. Bring dairy dish. 5275 Marshall Rd., Wash. Twp. 435-3400. Beth Abraham: Sat., May 19, 6:45 p.m.: Mincha, dinner, study, service. 305 Sugar Camp Cir., Oakwood. 293-9520. Sun., May 20, 5-7 p.m.: Potluck Picnic. At Orchardly Park, Oakwood. R.S.V.P. to Cantor Jenna Greenberg, Chabad Shavuot Dairy Lunch: Sun., May 20, 11 a.m. Free. 2001 Far Hills Ave., Oakwood. 643-0770.

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JFS Active Adults Dine Around: Tues., May 8, 1 p.m. Coco’s Bistro, 250 Warren St., Dayton (with Hadassah). Following screening of An Act of Defiance at The Neon, 130 E. 5th St., Dayton. Pay your own way. R.S.V.P. to Connie Blum, 274-4717 by May 4. Thurs., May 17, 10:45 a.m.: Lunch at 311 Draft House, 11:30 a.m. followed by Tour of Winan’s Factory in Piqua. Pay your own way. Meet up at Beth Jacob parking lot, 7020 N. Main St. R.S.V.P. to 610-1555 by May 10. Temple Beth Or Connections for Seniors Walks @ Schoolhouse Park: Wed., May 9, 23, 10 a.m. Dogs welcome. 1875 Nutt Rd., Centerville.

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Welcome to Medicare: Thurs., May 17, 6-8 p.m. Boonshoft CJCE, 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville. 610-1555. JCC Book Club: Fri., May 18, 10:30 a.m. Dreams of Joy by Lisa See. At Temple Israel, 130 Riverside, Dr., Dayton. R.S.V.P. to Ellen Lauber, 432-0970.


Chabad Women’s Circle End Of Year Brunch: Sun., May 6, 9:45 a.m. Cheese delicacies, floral arranging. 2001 Far Hills Ave., Oakwood. 6430770.

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KVELLING CORNER Samuel Dorf will be promoted to the rank of associate professor of music with tenure at the University of Dayton,

Rachel Haug Gilbert where he teaches music history. Sam is a musicologist and dance historian. His book, Performing Antiquity: Ancient Greek Music and Dance in Paris,

internship with the Wright 1890-1935, will be published in December by Oxford University Scholar Research Assistant Program at Wright-Patterson Press. Air Force Base. She is a junior at Kettering Fairmont High Ava Kuperman, daughter of Andrea and Jereme Kuperman, School and is in the Sunday Makor program at Temple was selected for the inaugural Beth Or, where she is also the Religious Action Center Teen Justice Fellowship this summer. programming vice president for Beth Or Temple Youth. The fellowship brings alumni of the Reform movement’s Eleven year-old Adam Emoff, L'Taken seminars together for five online sessions to continue son of Mike and Anita Emoff, has written two books in building community, honing the horror/mystery genre: advocacy skills, and taking Simon Says and Knock Knock, action with the RAC. Ava published under the pen name has also received a summer

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Pinson-Block On March 11, Samuel Block, son of Barry and Janet Block of Dayton, was married to Dr. Mushky Pinson, daughter of Baruch and Elka Pinson of Brooklyn, N.Y. Samuel leads MSCI’s environmental, social, and governance ratings of the global materials sector and is a senior contributor to the methodology department. Samuel received a bachelor’s degree in industrial and systems engineering from The Ohio State University and a master’s degree in environmental management and planning from the Whiting Engineering School at Johns Hopkins University. Mushky received a bachelor’s degree in biochemistry from Stern College and received her M.D. from Albert Einstein College of Medicine, where she will begin her residency program in internal medicine and neurology. The couple resides in New York.

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exchange, Blaustein recognized By Ben Sales, JTA “the necessity and desirability” One year after Israel’s of supporting Israel in its nation establishment, in the dead of building. night, three students ascended “The 1950s were the heyday a tower at the Jewish Theologiof American Jewish assimilacal Seminary in New York and tion,” said Sara Hirschhorn, raised the Israeli flag. an Israel studies professor at The next morning, the Oxford University. “It was the Conservative rabbinical school’s postwar era, when American administration took it down. Jews were benefiting from the That act of surreptitious same things everyone else was Zionist protest was one of benefiting from — the GI bill, several at JTS during the years all kinds of ways for people to surrounding 1948, when Israel move into the middle class — gained independence, Michael and they wanted to continue to Greenbaum wrote in an essay make the most of that.” in Tradition Renewed, a JTS Nevertheless, Israel began to history edited by Jack Wertshow up in American Jewish reheimer. ligious practice. A Conservative Students supported the new prayer book published in 1949 Jewish state. However, the had readings about Israel, but seminary's chancellor, Louis not the prayer for Israel that is Finkelstein, opposed American now standard in many prayer Judaism focusing all its efbooks. Religious schools graduforts across an ocean, and also ally shifted their pronunciation needed to appease a board of Hebrew from European Ashwary of Jewish nationalism. kenazic to Sephardic-inflected But the students persisted. Israeli. Non-Zionist religious Once, they sang the Israeli anleaders, like Finkelstein of JTS, them Hatikvah following gradueventually were sidelined. ation ceremonies. Another time, The biggest shift, Sarna said, they convinced their colleagues at the Union Theological Semi- Golda Meyerson (later Golda Meir), a member of Israel’s provisional government, receives a $300,000 check in was American Jewry viewing nary, the Protestant school next Dayton on June 8, 1948 from United Jewish Campaign Chair A.B. Saeks for the weeks-old Jewish state, fighting Judaism’s history as one of for its life against five Arab armies. With them at the emergency campaign dinner held at the Biltmore Hotel are “destruction and rebirth.” That door, to play the anthem from (L to R), Sam Thal, Ben Shaman, Ralph Kopelove, and Philip Sokol. outlook posed the Holocaust their bell tower. and the establishment of Israel Today, nearly all American as its two poles and, Sarna said, remains dominant in States and Canada for $75 million more (or about Jewish institutions are vocally, even passionately proAmerican Jewish thinking today. $750 million in 2018 dollars). Israel. But even in the years after the Jewish state Sarna noted that Israel’s Holocaust Remembrance “There was a sense that once America recognized won its independence 70 years ago, that feeling was Day and its Independence Day are commemorated the state, Zionism had won, and everyone wanted to not yet universal. about a week apart by design. link with the winners,” said Jonathan Sarna, a profesBefore the Holocaust, Zionism itself was polarizing “The theme of destruction and rebirth becomes a sor of Jewish history at Brandeis University. “It was among American Jews. Many, especially in the Revery important theme in the lives of American Jews,” growing very quickly, it took in all of these refugees, form movement, felt support for a Jewish homeland he said. “So much so that American Jews don’t know which solved that problem.” would cause their loyalty to America to be called into the history of Zionism going back, and have bought After Israel secured its independence, American question. The other side was represented by Louis the idea that it’s all about the Holocaust being linked Jews began to engage with the new nation in small Brandeis, the first Jewish Supreme Court justice, who to the birth of the state of Israel.” ways. There was no rush of tourism, but Amerisaw no conflict between American American Jews became more open in their celebracan Jews would show their support by purchasvalues and Zionist aspirations. tion of Israel about a decade after 1948. Exodus, the ing goods from Israel, reading books about By the time Israel declared 1958 novel by Leon Uris that painted Israel in heroic Israel or holding Israeli dance classes in their independence on May 14, 1948, terms, was a national bestseller and was adapted into community centers. American Jews, scarred by images a popular movie in 1960 starring Paul Newman and “Here’s this new state they had to kind of of the Holocaust and Nazism and Eva Marie Saint. In 1961, the Yiddish star Molly Picon develop this relationship with, (and) the cultural inspired by newsreels of tanned starred in a Broadway musical about a visit by Amerirealm was really the place it was happening,” kibbutzniks, were largely supportcan Jews to Israel, Milk and Honey, Emily Alice Katz, author of the ive of Zionism. which ran for more than 500 perfor2015 book Bringing Zion Home, But they were not yet turning mances. A few years later, the Israel told the New Books Network out for organized political advoPavilion at the New York World’s Fair podcast. “There were these years cacy and mass tourism to Jerusalem and Tel Aviv. showcased the country’s charms. Instead they were getting used to the idea of a Jewish in which it wasn’t as much about And as Cold War tensions continued rallying the troops for these massive sovereign state — gradually incorporating it into their into the 1960s, Israel began to be outpourings of aid or political influculture, prayers and religious outlook. seen as a U.S. ally against the Soviet ence, but it was more of this coming “After the mid-1930s, the majority of American Union. to know Israel.” Jews had come to be positive one way or another In 1967, Israel’s existence was Part of the reticence to support about the idea of a Jewish homeland,” said Hasia Dinagain threatened by Arab armies. Israel stemmed from the ethos of er, director of the Goldstein-Goren Center for Ameri1950s America, with its focus on suburban growth, the Between the anxious buildup to that war and Israel's can Jewish History at New York University. “While “melting pot” and assimilation. Against that backdrop, lightning victory, American Jewish acceptance of Israel 1948 on the one hand was very exciting and (had) had turned to adulation, placing the Jewish state at American Jews were trying to prove they belonged lots of communal programming and celebrations, it the center of their identity. The few dissenters are as social and cultural equals in American society. So was slightly anticlimactic in the sense that opposition found on the non-Zionist left, among various haredi again they were fearful of “dual loyalty” charges that had been gone for at least 10 years.” Orthodox movements, and in the quiet grumblings of could stem from vocal support for a Jewish state. North American Jewish support for Israel was tursome mainstream leaders and rabbis who think the In a watershed moment in that debate, Israeli bocharged by the Truman administration’s quick recemphasis on Israel has thwarted the development of Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion sent a letter in 1950 ognition of the state, and by the Israeli army’s victory distinctly American Judaisms. to Jacob Blaustein, president of the American Jewish against the Arab states in its war of independence. “Slowly but surely, Israel became more important Committee, which for many years had been hesitant In February of that year, Golda Meyerson (later to throw its support behind the Jewish national move- for American Jews,” Sarna said. “1967 is at once a Meir), raised $400,000 in one day (the equivalent of reflection of Israel’s growing importance, but at the ment. Ben-Gurion pledged not to speak for American some $4 million today) on behalf of the provisional same time it is a great intensification of Israel’s cenJewry or intervene in its affairs, and to dial down state on just one stop in Montreal. In the weeks foltrality.” lowing independence, she started a drive in the United his insistence that American Jews move to Israel. In

How 1948 changed American Jews

Israel @ 70

Before the Holocaust, Zionism itself was polarizing among American Jews.





Conservative Judaism’s leadership turns over. Will intermarriage policy be next? By Ben Sales, JTA The CEOs of the Conservative movement’s rabbinic and congregational umbrella groups are both stepping down. And for the first time in years, there will be a contested election for one of the top lay leader positions of its rabbis’ association. The wholesale changes add more uncertainty — and opportunity — to a religious denomination already in flux. Conservative leadership says it’s just normal professional turnover and that major ideological changes are not around the corner. But for Conservative rabbis who want to see a policy shift, particularly on interfaith marriage, this could be an opening. How to engage interfaith couples has long roiled Conservative Judaism. Nearly one-fifth of American Jews identify with Conservative Judaism, a centrist movement that aims to bridge traditional Jewish observance with modern societal norms. More traditional movements, like Orthodoxy, prohibit intermarriage. More liberal denominations conduct intermarriages. Some Conservative rabbis have felt caught in the middle. Conservative Judaism prohibits officiating at, attending or otherwise celebrating an intermarriage, but a number of Conservative rabbis want some or all of those rules to change. Some want to perform intermarriages. Others want to ritually recognize them in synagogue. Still others want to at least attend intermarriages (and already do, despite a formal but rarely enforced ban on

the practice). And some want the rules to stay exactly as they are. “Rabbis trying to service congregants might become more liberal in terms of how they address intermarriage,” said Rabbi Charles Simon, who last year retired after 35 years as head of the Conservative men’s club association, about the leadership change. “They feel this is their calling. They feel it’s important. They feel they’re making Jewish families. There’s potential in the gap that might arise, where we see rabbis being more independent.” Nearly everyone interviewed for this article — leaders, rabbis, external observers — named intermarriage as a key challenge facing the movement. Rabbi Steven Wernick, who announced March 29 that he will step down after nine years as the CEO of the United Synagogue of Conservative Judaism, an umbrella group, told JTA that intermarriage is the biggest challenge facing his successor. Also stepping down next year is Rabbi Julie Schonfeld, CEO of the Rabbinical Assembly, the Conservative rabbis’ group. Wernick and Schonfeld have both held the top professional positions at their respective institutions since 2009, and their contracts both expire in 2019. Schonfeld did not respond to JTA requests for comment. “There’s tension in how we

deal with intermarriage as a centrist movement,” said Wernick, who plans to move into a pulpit role. “This is not a blackand-white issue for us, and there’s good logical arguments on both sides Rabbi Julie Rabbi Steven of the debate that we Schonfeld Wernick have to work with.” gregations to accept non-JewUntil now, the moveish partners as full members. ment did seem to see intermarNow, one of the rabbis who riage as more or less a blackand-white issue. An open letter has agitated for a policy shift has been nominated by the sent last year by its four major Rabbinical Assembly to be its institutions — Wernick and next vice president. Schonfeld’s, plus its two major Rabbi Stewart Vogel of rabbinical schools — asserted that while the movement wants Woodland Hills, Calif., has long sought ways to include to welcome interfaith couples, intermarried couples. He anthe blanket ban on rabbis pernounces their anniversaries forming intermarriages would at Shabbat services, and has stand. honored them at synagogue “We affirm the traditional functions at least as early as practice of re2003. serving rabbinic In a statement to JTA, Vogel officiation to two wrote, “I have no intention of Jews,” the letter trying to change the standard read, adding that on officiating” intermarriages. the movement’s Nevertheless, Vogel’s nomileaders “are nation has prompted another equally adamant rabbi, Felipe Goodman of Las that our clergy Vegas, to challenge Vogel for and communities the spot, as the Forward first go out of their way to create mul- reported. Goodman feels that tiple opportunities too much focus has been put on the issue by Conservative for deep and caring relationleaders. He opposes allowing ships between the couple and rabbis to ritually recognize the rabbi, the couple and the intermarriages. community.” “If we start to play that But change is still in the game, the lines will start to beair. A handful of rabbis have come blurry very, very soon,” left the movement in order to Goodman told JTA. “We need perform intermarriages, and a clear lines." larger group has complained Rabbi Debra Newman that the ban on attending Kamin, who in May will be inintermarriages alienates them stalled as president, the top lay from friends and family with position, of the Rabbinical Asnon-Jewish spouses. sembly, said the R.A.'s position Last year, the United Synagogue voted to allow its conContinued on Page 23

How to engage interfaith couples has long roiled Conservative Judaism

May • Iyar/Sivan Candle Lightings Shabbat, May 4: 8:16 Shabbat, May 11: 8:23 Shabbat, May 18: 8:29 Erev Shavuot, May 19: 9:35 First Eve Shavuot, May 20: 9:36 Shabbat, May 25: 8:35 PAGE 20

Torah Portions May 5: Emor (Lev. 21:1-24:23) May 12: Behar-Bechukotai (Lev. 25:1-27:34) May 19: Bamidbar (Num. 1:1-4:20) May 26: Naso (Num. 4:21-7:89)

Lag B’Omer

33rd Day of Omer May 3/18 Iyar The 33rd day of the Omer breaks up the seven weeks of semimourning between Passover and Shavuot. It marks the end of a plague among Rabbi Akiva’s students and a victory of Bar-Kokhba’s soldiers over the Romans 2,000 years ago. Celebrated with picnics and sports.

Beth Abraham Synagogue Conservative Rabbi Joshua Ginsberg Cantor/Dir. of Ed. & Programming Andrea Raizen Monday through Friday 6:50 a.m. & 5:30 p.m. Fri., 5:30 p.m. Sat. 9 a.m. Sundays at 8:30 a.m. 305 Sugar Camp Circle, Oakwood. 293-9520. Beth Jacob Congregation Traditional Rabbi In Residence Adam Rosenthal Saturdays 9:30 a.m., Sundays 8 a.m., Sunday through Friday, 7 p.m. 7020 N. Main St., Dayton. 274-2149. Temple Anshe Emeth Reform Rabbinic Intern Taylor Poslosky Fri., May 18, 7:30 p.m. 320 Caldwell St., Piqua. Call Eileen Litchfield, 937-5470092, Correspondence address: 3808 Beanblossom Rd., Greenville, OH 45331. Temple Beth Or Reform Rabbi Judy Chessin Educator/Rabbi Ari Ballaban Fridays 7 p.m. Saturdays 10 a.m. 5275 Marshall Rd., Wash. Twp. 435-3400. Temple Beth Sholom Reform Rabbi Haviva Horvitz See Web site for schedule. 610 Gladys Dr., Middletown. 513-422-8313. Temple Israel Reform Senior Rabbi Karen Bodney-Halasz Rabbi/Educator Tina Sobo First Friday each month 6 p.m. All other Fridays, 6:30 p.m. Saturdays 10:30 a.m. 130 Riverside Dr., Dayton. 496-0050. Temple Sholom Reform Rabbi Cary Kozberg Fridays 6 p.m. 2424 N. Limestone St., Springfield. 399-1231.


Festival of Weeks, Giving of the Torah May 20-21/6-7 Sivan Marks the end of the counting of the Omer, a 49-day period that begins on the second night of Passover, and recalls the giving of the Torah at Sinai. In Israel, it falls at the end of the spring harvest. An all-night study session called a tikun, originally a mystical practice, is held at some synagogues.

Chabad of Greater Dayton Rabbi Nochum Mangel Associate Rabbi Shmuel Klatzkin Youth & Prog. Dir. Rabbi Levi Simon. Beginner educational service Saturdays 9 a.m. adults, 10 a.m children. Sundays 9 a.m. 2001 Far Hills Ave. 643-0770. Yellow Springs Havurah Independent Services 1st & 3rd Saturdays, 10-noon. Antioch College Rockford Chapel. Contact Cheryl Levine, 937-767-9293.


Strawberry Rhubarb Blintzes

An unconventional treat for Shavuot

butter, and topped with sour cream. As the edible embodiment of “a land flowing with milk and honey,” blintzes are commonly served on Shavuot — the Jewish calendar’s most unabashedly milchig-friendly holiday. The recipe below, while still full of milk and butter, substitutes a sweet and sour fruit filling for the traditional cheese. Regardless of what’s inside, however, Marks suggests that all blintzes are appropriate for the Shavuot table: “Two blintzes placed side by side, resemble the two tablets that Moses received on Mount Sinai.” Amen, Rabbi.

2 tsp. sugar Pinch of salt

Combine ingredients in a By Leah Koenig blender and mix until smooth. Let the mixture rest for about Blintzes are most often 15 to 20 minutes. described in relation to other Place a non-stick pan over foods. They are like pancakes medium heat–ideally, the pan but thinner, like Russian blini should be about 8 inches in diexcept without the yeast, or ameter. Coat with a little butter. like crepes, just folded a little Pour three to four tabledifferently. spoons of batter in the pan and Still, blintzes are a deliquickly pick the pan up off cacy all their own. Originally the heat and swirl it around from the Ukraine, fillings like to spread the batter thinly and cheese, potato, and kasha were evenly around the pan. folded inside the blintz wrapCook until the top is dry and pers (or bletlach, “leaves” in the bottom is golden. Yiddish) and fried until golden Remove the blintz wrapper brown. with a spatula and place it on In The World of Jewish Cooka piece of wax paper. Continue Filling ing, Rabbi Gil Marks writes, cooking the wrappers, stacking 21/2 cups sliced rhubarb “As with other filled foods, them on the wax paper as you (about 1/2 lb.) blintzes provided a great way go. 1 cup sliced strawberries of transforming leftovers into a When the wrappers are cool, 1/3 cup sugar special dish or stretching scarce spoon about two tablespoons 1 tsp. orange zest resources.” of filling onto the center of the In the late 19th and early uncooked side of the blintz Make the filling first. Com20th centuries, Jewish immiwrapper. bine ingredients in a saucepan grants transported and popuFold the two sides of the and cook over medium heat larized the dish in America. wrapper to the center. Starting until the rhubarb is tender and It quickly became a staple offering at milchig (dairy) meals the juice has thickened slightly, at the bottom, fold the wrapper about 8 to 10 minutes. Remove up approximately one third of in New York; a tall pile of the way. Then, moving in the blintzes came to signify bounty from heat and allow to fully same direction, fold it up again cool before using. and comfort to vacationers in to create a rectangular package. the Catskills. From here, the blintzes can Blintz wrappers In the The Jewish Holiday be wrapped tightly and frozen 1 cup flour Cookbook, Joan Nathan defor up to one month. 1 cup milk scribes a typical lunch menu When you’re ready to eat, 3 eggs at the famous Grossinger’s heat a little butter in a resort: “cold borscht large skillet over medium with boiled potato; their heat. When the butter is famous pickled herring bubbly, place the blintzes in cream; marinated seam side down and carp and, of course, cook until golden on both Grossinger’s famous sides. blintzes with blueberries Transfer blintz to a paand sour cream.” per towel or plate. Serve When made withimmediately, sprinkled out meat, as they most with powdered sugar often are, blintzes are or with a dollop of sour a dairy lover’s dream: cream. Makes 10 to 12 filled with sweet farmer blintzes. cheese, browned in Blintzes are a traditional dairy dish for Shavuot


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The Bible and big ideas

Traditionalists across the spectrum view the Torah as a Divine or divinely-inspired document. The text is inerrant, or at least close to it insofar as human beings physically recorded it, and it’s the highest authority on all matters of texts are contradictory, or when behavior, meaning ethics are explanations are archaic or sim- absolute. ply fabricated, it’s hard to take As Jewish commentator such things seriously.” Dennis Prager puts it in The This amalgam of real comRational Bible: Exodus, “When ments from serious Jewish mil- I differ with the Torah, I think lennials got me thinking. the Torah is right and I am On the one hand, their wrong.” questions and challenges are As for conflicting or unencouraging because they sugcomfortable texts, scholars gest a willingness to engage may offer interpretations, but and consider. On the other, I’m ultimately traditionalists are pretty sure we’re missing the not afraid to concede, “I don’t point when we understand.” respond. The tradiThree Torah According to tional approach Gallup research, worldviews is attractive to millennials many millenniillustrate “don’t accept als for its clarity ‘that’s the way it Judaism’s possible and personal has always been responses to focus. done’ as a viable It teaches that these big ideas. answer.” each human, At the same created in God’s time, “they believe that life… image, has infinite value and should be worthwhile and that life’s ultimate purpose is have meaning. They want to to bring holiness to the world learn and grow.” through one’s actions. Certainly, Judaism infuses Thus, learning that encourlife with worth and meaning ages ongoing moral and spiriand offers endless opportunitual growth is emphasized, and ties to learn and grow. the Bible as a timeless primary When fielding specific source of guidance and wisquestions about Jewish life, dom is to be studied regularly. lore, and tradition, we rarely address these underlying big Documentary ideas. Three Torah worldviews hypothesis illustrate Judaism’s possible Liberal traditions view the responses to these big ideas. Torah as a historical document,

The Bible: Wisdom Literature A New Series During my search for Passover vinegar to make fresh horseradish, I was asked, “Why is Passover vinegar different from everyday kosher vinegar? And what about Passover wine — isn’t wine fermented like yeast bread? And how can Passover recipes

Candace R. Kwiatek call for leavening ingredients like baking powder or baking soda?” Although reasonably welleducated, I couldn’t explain. So off I went to learn. Even though text and electronic resources are great, actually finding the answers when you want them can be difficult. When you do, they’re frequently lengthy and detailed, technically correct but devoid of context, or glaringly contrived or outdated. Thus, the response of many contemporary Jews is, “When we can’t reasonably explain our traditions, when commands seem to have no purpose other than blind obedience, when laws and

To The Jewish Community Of Dayton — Thank you for joining in the celebration of my Bar Mitzvah at Beth Jacob Congregation on Shabbat, March 24. I was deeply touched by this surprise and was honored that so many of you were able to share in the nachas of this bittersweet simcha. I am grateful to the board, staff, and volunteer service leaders of Beth Jacob Congregation, and to our Rabbi In Residence Adam Rosenthal and his family. With much appreciation, Samuel Heider PAGE 22

Divine document

a set of creation myths, legends, history, stories, customs, institutions, and beliefs that arose organically or were deliberately created to explain the origin of the Jewish people and its relationship with God. Because of differences in style, language, and contradictions in the texts, scholars conclude multiple authors must have written the Torah, perhaps by modifying and incorporating preexisting texts. A living document, the Torah continues to develop over time in response to changing historical and societal conditions. With its communal focus, the more analytical historicalliterary approach connects with millennials’ ideas about living a worthwhile and meaningful life. The individual, made in God’s image, is also God’s partner in repairing the world. Intellectual development and moral improvement are communal tasks as well as individual ones, as part of the world’s repair.

Rational Bible

Far too many Jews, however, are not inspired by Divine or documentary Torah views. Turning to the internet, friends, travel, even their feelings as

Literature to share The Rational Bible: Exodus — God, Slavery, and Freedom by Dennis Prager. This just-published volume is the first of Prager’s written biblical commentaries, the outgrowth of a half-century of studying and teaching Bible, ethics, history, and virtually every other topic to students of widely varied backgrounds, ethnicities, and worldviews, both religious and secular. Instead of offering commentary in footnotes or addenda, Prager has included analyses, stories, examples, quotes, and more as part of the book’s text, making the experience of reading more like a conversation than a solitary endeavor. His purposes are to demonstrate the rationality and contemporary relevance of this unparalleled text, reveal how its ideas can better our lives, and show how faith and reason can live in harmony. Highly recommended. The Art Lesson: A Shavuot Story by Allison Marks. What a delightful addition to the sparse children’s literature for Shavuot, and for any season. Shoshana and her grandmother have a weekly date for a creative art adventure involving paint, or maybe glitter or clay. This week’s project introduces a traditional activity for Shavuot: papercutting. The whimsical and wildly colorful illustrations hint at various artists’ styles — Chagall, Matisse, African masks — and the vocabulary is a child’s treasure chest: skeleton key, vial, beret. I love this book!

their personal gurus, today’s Jews are missing out on the greatest resource of all for a meaningful life and personal growth: Torah. Highly-educated, well-read, and world-savvy, they need relevant texts and responses in modern language that not only make sense but also make a difference. A rational approach offers another option. “My approach to understanding and explaining the Torah is reason-based…reason has always been my primary vehicle to God and to religion,” writes Rational Bible author Dennis Prager. Reason is a pathway to wisdom, which is linked to goodness, Prager notes, “because it is almost impossible to do good without wisdom.” Thus, a kinder, more just world can evolve from a rational approach to the Bible, addressing millennials’ deepest desires. Millennials aren’t the only ones seeking meaningful and purposeful lives, learning, and growth; they’re just the ones in the surveys. We’re all seeking to some extent. The problem is, we rarely have the opportunity to discuss or respond to these big ideas. They’re hidden quietly underneath more mundane queries about Passover wine or God’s hardening of Pharaoh’s heart or what it means to love the stranger. So maybe next time we have or hear a specific Jewish question, no matter our background or biblical worldview, we should take a moment to think how our response could be even more meaningful by integrating a thought or two about one of these big ideas.


OBITUARIES Robert “Bob” Cohen, age 86, of Lake Mary, Fla., passed away March 31 at Oakmonte Village. He was born Dec. 25, 1931 in Philadelphia and was the only child of the late Simon and Dora Garlikov Cohen. Mr. Cohen grew up in Dayton and graduated from Fairview High School in 1950. Following graduation from Ohio State, he served in the U.S. Army where he ran a MASH unit in Korea. Mr. Cohen was a longtime pharmacist, first at his father’s store, then at his own store, Robert’s Pharmacy, followed by long stints at Owl Drugs and Hook’s Drugs. Following his retirement, Mr. Cohen volunteered for many years at Hospice of Dayton. Mr. Cohen is survived by his wife of 55 years, Helen; children Steve (Michelle) of Dallas, Marlee (Lee Cutler) of Winter Park, Fla., and Michael (Joanna) of Winter Springs, Fla.; and grandchildren Jordan, Miles, Rayna and Dara. The family requests donations be made in Mr. Cohen’s memory to the Michael J. Fox Foundation for Parkinson’s Research. Rosella “Raye” F. Feldman, age 94, of Dayton, passed away April 9. She was born Sept. 8, 1923 to the late Isaac and Rebecca Friedman. Mrs. Feldman was predeceased by her husband, Milton D. Feldman, M.D., the love of her life. They enjoyed 50 years together. She was also predeceased a year ago by her daughter’s dog, Jake, who was always by her side, especially when she was eating her peanut butter snack at night. Mrs. Feldman leaves behind a son, Michael Feldman, M.D., daughter-in-law, Pam of Dayton; grandson, David Feldman, Ph.D. of Daly City, Calif.; daughter, Barbara

Feldman of Englewood; grandson, Todd Gorton of Englewood; Robert Gorton of Englewood, Laura Gorton Hittesdorf, Nathan Hittesdorf, and Dillon Hittesdorf of Chicago. Mrs. Feldman lived a long, satisfying life filled with family, friends, pets and lots of love and laughter. To say Mrs. Feldman was a potter is an understatement. She was a ceramic extraordinaire who got such pleasure in sharing her creations. Knowing her was truly a gift. The family expresses deep gratitude to Dr. Jeffrey J. Kaufhold for his expert and compassionate care throughout the years. Mrs. Feldman spent her life sharing with others. Please help her continue to do that by making contributions to the charity of your choice. Lawrence Sidney Katz, 88, passed away April 16 in Naples, Fla. where he had lived for many years. Born Jan. 21, 1930 to Ben and Toby Katz in Springfield, Ohio, Mr. Katz became a Type I diabetic at age 11, long before treatment was developed as it is today. His disease was a lifelong challenge which he beat through lifestyle choices and a pursuit of every advance in the science of diabetic care. Mr. Katz was honored by the Joslin Clinic in 2016 as one of the longest living insulindependent diabetics known. He attended University of Chicago and was married to Barbara (Bubbles) Kaplan until her passing in 2008. Mr. Katz co-owned Pennsylvania Iron and Coal with his brother-inlaw, Elwood Kaplan, and was a partner in Dayton Metal Shredders. He is survived by his wife, Ellan Potasky; two sons, Eddie (Susie) Katz and Stanley (Susan) Katz;

Conservative Judaism Continued from Page 20 on officiating is not changing. She acknowledged that the movement’s Committee on Jewish Law and Standards is debating whether to amend the ban on rabbis attending intermarriages, but said last year’s open letter on officiation was clear. “That letter, we thought, really was a definitive statement,” she said. “Given that everything that’s coming out publicly has restated time and time again that we're not changing the standard on of-

ficiation, I’m surprised that our membership seems to think that is something that is changing.” The anxiety over the officiation ban stems in part from fears about the movement’s future as a whole. Studies have shown that the number of Conservative Jews in the United States has shrunk from more than a third of Jewish families in 1990 to less than a fifth. The number of synagogues affiliated with Conservative Judaism, once the dominant denomination, has also fallen.

and grandchildren, Ben (Hope) Katz, Alex Jacobson, Lauren (John) Madera and Ross (Teri) Katz; and stepdaughter, Jill Potasky. Also survived by greatgrandchildren Sydney and Simon Katz, Parker Jacobson and Philip and Simone Madera. He was predeceased by great-grandsons Eli and Shiloh Jacobson. Mr. Katz was a lifelong member of Beth Abraham Synagogue. Interment was at Beth Abraham Cemetery. Contributions to Beth Abraham Synagogue or the charity of your choice. Harvey I. Mann, age 97 of Dayton, passed away April 2. Mr. Mann was a lifelong member of Beth Abraham Synagogue. A member of B’nai B’rith and the B’nai B’rith Bowling League, he was a WW II veteran and a retired VP of Elder-Beerman. Mr. Mann was preceded in death by his loving wife of 73 years, Harriet, four sisters and one brother. He is survived by his daughter, Marsha (Lee) Norden of Leesburg, Fla., and his son, Larry Mann of Columbus, several nieces and nephews. Interment was at Beth Abraham Cemetery. Memorial contributions may be made to Beth Abraham Synagogue or the charity of your choice. Bruce Alan Pinsky died on April 10 after a four-year battle with Alzheimer’s disease. He was born in Dayton on Feb. 6, 1942. He graduated from Fairview High School in 1959 and then attended Ohio University and University Of Cincinnati before returning to Dayton to take over running the family owned Roy Pinsky Produce Co. He later merged


the company with Mush & Sons Produce to form what is now Produce One. After his retirement, he and his wife, Betty, moved permanently to their vacation house at Indian Lake, Ohio. Mr. Pinsky was an avid bowler with two Sanctioned 300 games. He also loved playing golf, playing cards, fishing, boating (his boats were all named Banana Boat), and car racing. When CB was popular, he could be heard on the air as Banana King. Mr. Pinsky was preceded in death by his father and mother, Don and Ida Pinsky, and brother, Nelson Pinsky. He is survived by his wife of 45 years, Betty, daughters Tara Lisa Curtis, Roberta L. Pinsky, grandson Tyler J. Curtis, brother and sister-in-law, Terry and Marlene Pinsky, and many other relatives and friends. If desired, contributions may be made to the Ida Pinsky Fund at Beth Abraham Synagogue or to the Alzheimer’s Association. Robert Arthur Stein Sr., 98, died on Feb. 15 at his home in Longboat Key, Fla. Mr. Stein was born on May 29, 1919 in Chicago. He attended the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, majoring in mechanical engineering and was made a member of the Mechanical Engineering Honor Society. After graduation, he moved to Dayton where he worked at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base and met Elaine Isaacson, who became the love of his life. They married in 1944 and had the happiest and most loving 73 years of marriage. After the war, Mr. Stein joined his father-in-law, Max Isaacson, as vice president of Globe Industries Inc. After Globe merged with TRW in 1967, Mr. Stein continued working for

TRW until retirement. Later, he joined Tech Development where he created products that made the company very successful. Eventually, he and Mrs. Stein moved to Sarasota, Fla. Mr. Stein was an avid clarinetist for much of his life. He learned to play in high school and participated in his university’s marching band. He also loved tennis, squash, and biking. The Steins traveled the world reveling in art, architecture, and the theatre in London. They later studied and purchased primarily mid-20th century New York School art which they recently donated to Wright State University to be displayed in the Robert and Elaine Stein Galleries. Mr. Stein was a staunch believer in education, financially supporting his children and grandchildren from play school through college. He worked diligently for many organizations and donated generously to charities that promoted cultural, artistic, and humanitarian advancement. Mr. Stein’s family, friends, and indeed all who met him, found him to be caring, optimistic, and loving with an endless smile. Mr. Stein was predeceased by his sisters, Lois Schatz and Muriel Piller, and is survived by his beloved wife, Elaine, children Robert Stein Jr., his wife Jan, Leslie Stein, her husband Doug Van Horn, William Stein, his wife JoAnn Lawrence, Cindy Stein, her husband Michael Kolendo, nine grandchildren, and two great-grandchildren. Donations in his memory may be made to the Southern Poverty Law Center, Montgomery, Ala.

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Pre-need Arrangements Pre-paid Funeral Trusts Cremation Services • Transfers North Main Chapel 1706 N. Main Street Huber Heights Chapel 5844 Old Troy Pike

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2018 W

























Big Sonia

93 min

93 min

5:15PM at The Neon

7:15PM at The Neon





















The Cakemaker

An Act of Defiance

104 min

123 min

7:15PM at The Neon

Coffee @ 9:30AM












Sammy Davis Jr: I've Gotta Be Me MARSHALL WEISS


7:15PM at The Neon








Partner: Hadassah

Jim Levinson is a native Daytonian who married Meredith Moss at Temple Israel. After graduating from Brandeis University, he traveled to Africa and later served as a regional director of the Ohio Civil Rights commission. Jim later spent 26 years as a criminal prosecutor as well as 7 ½ years in private practice, which included the defense of civil rights complaints.




Marshall Weiss is the founding editor and publisher of The Dayton Jewish Observer, which he began publishing for The Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton more than two decades ago. Marshall is the recipient of numerous first-place awards from AJPA and the Ohio Society of Professional Journalists. Marshall’s book, Jewish Community of Dayton, will be published in July of 2018.


Producer ($2,500+) Bernie & Carole Rabinowitz Philanthropic Fund of the Jewish Foundation of Greater Dayton Director ($1,000+) Gayle & Irvin Moscowitz Screenwriter ($500+) Rochelle & Michael Goldstein Cultural Arts Fund of the Jewish Foundation of Greater Dayton Robert & Vicky Heuman Richard Lapedes & Maureen Lynch Stephen M. Renas

Bye Bye Germany 101 min 7PM at Little Art

Single Tickets $9 Student Tickets $8 Season Pass $75 (includes all films)

HOW TO ORDER: BY PHONE: 937-610-1555 ONLINE: Credit Card Orders Only IN PERSON: Boonshoft CJCE 525 Versailles Drive, Centerville AT THEATRE: Day of Event


THANK Studio Executive ($5,000+) Sam Levin Foundation

Rabbi Karen Bodney-Halasz joined Temple Israel’s staff in 2003 and currently serves as the congregation’s first female Senior Rabbi. Rabbi Bodney-Halasz's grandmother knew Sonia personally, and she has fond memories of the furniture shop that she will share with us.




10AM at The Neon






Actor ($250+) Theodore Arnovitz Film Festival Fund of the Jewish Foundation of Greater Dayton Alan & Cathy Brown Enrique & Ruth Ellenbogen Renate Frydman Linda & Steve Horenstein Mike Jaffe & Judith Schwartzman Mel & Judy Lipton David London Carole & Donald Marger Supporting Actor ($100+) Elaine & Matt Arnovitz Jack & Maryann Bernstein Ken & Libby Elbaum Tara & Adam Feiner

to our supporters

Marni Flagel Neil Friedman Angela & Joel Frydman  Philanthropic Fund of the Jewish Foundation of Greater Dayton Drs. Felix & Erika Garfunkel Lynn & David Goldenberg Martin Gottlieb Judi & George Grampp Arthur & Joan Greenfield Jane & Gary Hochstein Martin & Martha Jacobs Susan & David Joffe Joseph & Marsha Johnston Jim & Meredith Levinson Beverly Louis Cantor Andrea Raizen Russ Remick  Carolyn Rice

Allan Spetter & Claudia Birch Donald & Caryl Weckstein Crew ($18+) Beth Adelman Frayda & Larry Beloff Frieda Blum Robert & Leslie Stein Buerki Patty & Michael Caruso Shelly Charles Alan & Judy Chesen Cissy Ellison Dorothy Engelhardt Bill & Harriet Fenberg Emily Fogel Helene Gordon Joel & Judi Guggenheimer Helen Halcomb Bea Harris

Lois Harris Meryl Hattenbach Clara & David Hochstein Myron & Nancy Levine Cheryl & Franklin Lewis Ruthe Meadow & Ed Meadow of blessed memory Eleanor & Raymond Must Edie Pequignot Cherie Rosenstein David Rothschild Kim & Dan Shaffer Shay Shenefelt


Sammy Davis Jr. charms the world again in I Gotta Be Me interview before his death last year. By Rich Tenorio, The Times of Israel The film also features Davis’s own Director Sam Pollard can’t believe the voice, through audiotapes from his acclaim being heaped on his film about estate. Pollard said these tapes gave the late Sammy Davis Jr. “insight into his personality,” providing None of the 10 films Pollard, a long“lots of material.” time collaborator with Spike Lee, has Asked how Davis rose to stardom, made in the last 15 years has been met Pollard said, “It was a combination of with “such a huge response and popular reception.” he said. The feedback, he hard work and luck.” In 1951, Davis was performing with said, has been “mind-boggling.” his father, Sammy Davis Maybe that’s Sr., and his father’s because Davis business partner, Will had such mindMastin. Their opening act boggling talent. at Ciro’s nightclub in HolPollard’s documenlywood was scheduled tary, I’ve Gotta Be to last 40 minutes but Me — which closes proved so popular that the JCC Film Fest they performed for an on May 10 — seeks to go beyond hour and a half. Davis the celebrity. Relatively early in his Davis left a trove of archival career, Davis met Frank material that helped tell the story. Director Sam Pollard Sinatra — a pivotal moThere were TV appearances on ment in his life. The Colgate Comedy Hour, The Ed “Frank Sinatra was like a big brother, Sullivan Show, Laugh-In, and All in the a mentor to him, who watched over Family — where he famously kissed him. He got some breaks. It was hard Archie Bunker (Carroll O’Connor) on work, perseverance and lucky breaks,” the cheek. There were also movies with the Rat The JCC Film Fest presents Sammy Pack: Ocean’s 11, Sergeants 3, and Robin Davis Jr.: I’ve Gotta Be Me at 7:15 p.m. and the 7 Hoods. on Thursday, May 10 at The Neon, 130 E. Contemporaries, including Nor5th St., Dayton. Tickets are available at the man Lear, Whoopi Goldberg, and Billy door, at, at the Boonshoft Crystal shared their impressions in CJCE, 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville, or interviews for the film. Poignantly, Daby calling Karen Steiger at 610-1555. vis’s fellow legend Jerry Lewis gave an

Estate of Altovise Davis

American youths, including the then 15-year-old director. “That’s not to say there weren’t black Jews before Sammy Davis Jr. But since he was such a well-known celebrity, it was an amazing surprise, a black man that most people think is probably Baptist or Christian, and here he is, Jewish.” Pollard said that the antisemitism that Jews faced, and the racism that AfricanAmericans faced, resulted in “a kinship that brought people together” in the 1950s and 1960s. “He loved Dr. King,” Pollard said of Davis. However, in contrast to activists like Harry Belafonte, Ossie Davis and Ruby Dee, “he had to be pulled into the civil rights (struggle) in a way. He didn’t want to go to Selma, but understood he had to be an activist,” Pollard said. Davis, he said, was the largest philanthropist to King, the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, and other civil rights organizations of that time. Davis struggled with drug and alcohol abuse during his life, and died of throat cancer at age 64 in 1990. “Was he an Uncle Tom to some?” Pollard asked. “Yes, he was. Was he progressive? Yes. Was he a civil rights activist? Yes. Was he a misogynist? Yes. Was he a drug abuser? Yes. Was he a man who loved black people? Yes. “He was a complicated human being,” said Pollard. “Most of us are, but we only see one side.”

Sammy Davis Jr.

said Pollard. And then, in 1954, Davis was involved in a car accident in which he lost his left eye. While recuperating, he realized there was a spiritual vacuum in his life, and turned to Judaism, Pollard said. “He grew up with lots of Jewish people,” Pollard said. “He was very close to (entertainer) Eddie Cantor.” According to Pollard, while in the hospital after the car accident, a rabbi visited him. “Talking to the rabbi…I think he really found himself in a spiritual way. Judaism seemed to be the way for him. He converted,” said Pollard. Pollard said it was a watershed moment for America and for African




OCTOBER 2 - 7, 2018


FEBRUARY 12 - 17, 2019




MARCH 5 - 10, 2019

APRIL 2 - 7, 2019

JUNE 25 - 30, 2019





Call 937-461-8295

All performances at the Benjamin & Marian Schuster Performing Arts Center




Tiny woman’s huge personality, perseverance win audience raves I am my beloved’s and my beloved is mine (Song of Songs 6:3)

Sonia Warshawski in the documentary Big Sonia

Special Anniversary Shabbat Service & Brunch Saturday, May 12 10:30am With joy and celebration, we cordially invite all Temple members who have been married for 36 years or more to a Special Anniversary Shabbat service and brunch. Blessings will be bestowed on the all of the cherished couples, honoring their devotion and faithfulness to each other. We encourage everyone to attend and celebrate these families and their commitments to one another. Brunch will immediately follow services. RSVP by May 7 937.496.0050

Temple Israel • • 937.496.0050 130 Riverside Drive, Dayton, OH 45405 A Reform Synagogue open to all who are interested in Judaism. Childcare provided during Friday services and Sunday school. PAGE 26

By Elissa Einhorn, J. The Jewish News of Northern California Sonia Warshawski never spoke about her life while her children were growing up. Regina, Morrie, and Debbie never heard about the girl from Miedzyrzec, Poland, who was 13 years old when the war broke out. They never heard about a cut-out in the floor where Sonia and her family hid. They never heard about how the Nazis came with German Shepherd dogs and sniffed them all out. And they never heard about the last time Sonia saw her father or brother, or how she watched her mother march toward her death. Now, thanks to Sonia’s granddaughter, thousands of people are hearing these stories in Big Sonia, a feature-length documentary which has played film festivals across the country. Dayton’s JCC Film Fest will show Big Sonia on April 30. One of the film’s two directors is Sonia’s granddaughter, Leah Warshawski. The title, Leah says, perfectly reflects her now 92-year-old grandmother’s personality. “There are a lot of things that are big about Sonia,” she notes, joking about the one exception — her 4-foot-8 height. “Her hair, her car, her personality, and her impact on the world. Her story of what happened during the war, and how she is living her life now is having an effect on her kids, her kids’ kids and thousands upon thousands of people. It has become exponential.” The film has won awards in the Barcelona International Film Festival (grand jury prize for best documentary), the Cleveland International Film Festival (audience choice award for best The JCC Film Fest presents Big Sonia at 7:15 p.m. on Monday, April 30 at The Neon, 130 E. 5th St., Dayton. After the movie, Temple Israel’s Rabbi Karen Bodney-Halasz — who grew up in Kansas City, Kan. — will share stories of Sonia and her shop. Tickets are available at the door, at, at the Boonshoft CJCE, 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville, or by calling Karen Steiger at 610-1555.

film), and the Napa Valley Film Festival (audience and jury awards for documentary). It also won best documentary in Jewish film festivals in Philadelphia and Seattle, and has an impressive 99 percent audience score at Big Sonia is not a Holocaust film, the Seattle-based Leah insists. It’s about family, perseverance, and the relationship between survivors and their children. It is about intergenerational trauma, bullying, and love conquering hate. It is about a fashionista who loves cheetah prints and has devoted her life to a tailor shop in Kansas City that she once shared with her husband, John, a fellow survivor who passed away 13 years ago. “The film amplifies her story, but it’s not about Sonia,” Leah says. “That’s the one element of the film we grappled with the most — the complicated nature of Sonia. How much trauma and drama do we show? People are looking for a hero. She is a hero, but she is also wounded and her wounds have affected generations. The reality is she is human and has faults.” Hardly a reluctant star when filming began seven years ago, the grandmother of five and great-grandmother of three only began telling her story 16 years ago. Now, it seems, she can’t stop. With daughter Regina at her side to set the historical stage, Sonia talks about the atrocities she endured and the life she built with John following their arrival in Kansas City. Whether looking out from the stage at an auditorium filled with school children or sitting on a folding chair among prison inmates who are moved to tears, the nonagenarian captivates her audiences and, in turn, receives the adoration she craves — as well as hundreds of thank-you notes. “The common message,” says Leah of Sonia’s fan mail, “seems to be from teens who say, ‘I won’t take my parents for granted.’ They relate her story to their own family. Sonia sees the impact and is now on a mission. She understands that it’s bigger than her.” THE DAYTON JEWISH OBSERVER • MAY 2018

A World of Opportunity at

Hillel Academy.

Registration is now open for the 2018-19 school year. Students new to Hillel for 2018-19 are eligible to apply for renewable scholarships funded by the Sinai Foundation.

Proud to stand with Israel at 70

• Exemplary secular and Judaic education • Art and science professional residencies • Project-based learning and critical thinking • Students become “life-long learners.” This has a positive impact in all of their future academic and personal endeavors • Hebrew language immersion via Tal-Am Hebrew Curriculum

Nurturing confident and successful learners 937.277.8966 •



DINNER 2 018




Lior Raz is the lead actor and co-creator of the critically acclaimed Netflix drama series, FAUDA (Arabic for “chaos”). The series was created by Raz and Avi Issacharoff and is based on their real-life experiences serving in the Israeli Defense Force’s special forces unit. Raz and Issacharoff are also creating two additional new series for Netflix. One is a straight-to-series untitled CIA drama which will also star Raz, set to premiere in 2018. The second project being developed is a political espionage thriller. Raz recently starred in the MGM feature OPERATION FINALE, which is the story of the capture of Nazi Adolf Eichmann (Sir Ben Kingsley) who was considered one of the architects of the Holocaust.

Sunday, June 3 5PM Cocktail Reception 6PM Dinner and Keynote Speaker Dietary Laws will be observed

BOONSHOFT CENTER for JEWISH CULTURE & EDUCATION 525 Versailles Drive, Centerville, Ohio 45459

Tickets on sale now at LIMITED SEATING AVAILABLE. For more information, contact Juliet Glaser, Campaign Director, at or 937-401-1558.


FAUDA M O N D A Y, M A Y 1 4

7P M @ B OON SHOFT CJCE Based on real-life experiences serving in the Israeli Defense Force’s special forces unit, Raz stars as the commander of a mista’arvim, a commando unit trained to operate undercover in the Palestinian territories. The show won six Ophir Awards (Israeli equivalent of the Emmys) including best drama in 2017, as well as 11 Israeli Academy Television Awards in 2018 including Best Drama, Best Actor, and Best Director. RSVP at or by calling 937-610-1555.


The Dayton Jewish Observer, May 2018  

Dayton, Ohio's Jewish Monthly

The Dayton Jewish Observer, May 2018  

Dayton, Ohio's Jewish Monthly