The Dayton Jewish Observer, July 2017

Page 1

Cincinnati student released from N. Korea was active in Hillel p. 4 July 2017 Tammuz/Av 5777 Vol. 21, No. 10

Published by the Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton

The Miami Valley’s Jewish Monthly • Online at Marshall Weiss

HIAS turns to activism


Katie Jett Walls

Protesting in D.C.

Wonder Gal



Clay Enos/DC Comics

Israeli Gal Gadot as Wonder Woman

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Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton 525 Versailles Drive Dayton, OH 45459

Cheese & Herb Rugelach

Navigating Judaism to find independence


Moshe Segal (L) with Orion, and Chaim Segal with Yahtzee

Samantha Ferraro

Friendship Village Retirement Community

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To our next monthly Friday Night Shabbat featuring a traditional Shabbat dinner with all your favorites.


Federation sells its former nursing facility building The Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton has closed on the sale of the building at 4911 Covenant House Dr. in Trotwood for $3.5 million, subject to approval of the property’s legal description by Montgomery County. The buyer, Ohio-Two Properties, LLC is owned by Todd Okum and Nick 4911 Covenant House Dr. in Trotwood served as Covenant Martinez of Los Angeles, House, Dayton’s Jewish nursing home, from 1973 to 2010 through O&M InvestFour Seasons, LLP leased and operments, LLC. Embassy Garden Court, ated the facility from 2011 to 2015, when LLC continues as the tenant that operEmbassy became the tenant. ates the nursing facility at the site. “At one time, there were a number of According to Jewish Federation President David Pierce, the Federation board Jewish residents at the facility,” Pierce said. “That was not the case anymore decided to sell the building because it didn’t meet anticipated leasing revenue when the board decided to sell the building about a year ago. It was no in recent years. longer part of our mission. The sale The Federation built the nursing care proceeds will ensure our financial situfacility in 1973 on its campus in Trotation is solid, and that our budget is wood to serve the Jewish community. Under the Federation’s operation, it was balanced.” The Federation will celebrate memonamed Covenant House and provided kosher meals, and Jewish programs and ries of Covenant House at its annual services until 2010, when the Federation meeting, on Wednesday, Aug. 16 at 6 p.m. at the Boonshoft Center for Jewish announced it would no longer operate the facility in the face of a declining local Culture and Education. — Marshall Weiss need for a Jewish nursing home.

Observer wins two national awards

Program led by Joe Bettman

Friday, July 28, 5 p.m. In The Atrium Dining Room

Friday Night Shabbat is $10 per person.

English-language Jewish media in North The American Jewish Press AssociaAmerica. This brings the number of tion announced in June that The Dayfirst-place Rockower Awards to eight for ton Jewish Observer is the recipient of The Observer since the Jewish Federation two first-place 2017 Simon Rockower established the publication in 1996, and Awards for Excellence in Jewish Jourthe sixth for Weiss. nalism. The three-part series, Black/Jewish relations from the Dayton riots through desegregation, received the award for Journalistic Excellence in American Jewish LGBT-friendly History; LGBT-friendly Boy Scout Boy Scout unit to launch at Temple Israel unit to launch at Temple Israel received the award for Excellence What we did and didn’t learn. in Feature Writing. Marshall Weiss, editor and publisher of The Observer, wrote the series and feature. AJPA is the professional association for The Class of 2016: Celebrating our high school graduates p. 26

Interview with new Jewish Federation President David Pierce p. 3

June 2016 Iyar/Sivan 5776 Vol. 20, No. 10

R.S.V.P. to 837-5581 Ext 1274.

Published by the Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton

November 2016 Tishri/Cheshvan 5777 Vol. 21, No. 2

Published by the Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton

The Miami Valley’s Jewish Monthly • Online at

The Miami Valley’s Jewish Monthly • Online at

Marshall Weiss


Join our Diabetic Support Group Tuesday, July 11, 10:30 a.m. & 6 p.m. (2nd Tuesday each mo.) with Gem City Home Care Certified Diabetes Educator Mara Lamb. For more information call Pam Hall, 837-5581 ext. 1269. Friendship Village 7 a.m. - 2 p.m. Monday through Friday. Located directly inside the Atrium entrance. Stop in & join us for a cup of coffee & Friendship Village Hospitality.

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Panel discussion, national Jews of Color conference

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Israel’s super Egyptian spy

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Temple Israel member Lake Miller

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Black/Jewish relations from the Dayton riots through desegregation

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Genealogical society re-launch meeting The Jewish Genealogical Society of Dayton will hold a re-launching meeting on Sunday, July 16 from 1 to 2:30 p.m. at Graeter’s, 2412 Far Hills Ave., Oakwood. The society seeks volunteers and

ideas to help revive the organization. R.S.V.P. for the meeting to Molly Blumer at or Sandy Schoemann at


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W o r l d . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7 THE DAYTON JEWISH OBSERVER • JULY 2017

DAYTON Marshall Weiss

Navigating Judaism to find independence By Martha Moody Jacobs play keyboards — they were have an eruv, and Moshe’s Special To The Observer members of the Beth Abraham rabbinic authority, Rabbi Dovid Moshe and Chaim Segal, Synagogue Youth Chorale — Feinstein of New York, said brothers with visual impairand have provided music at it would violate halachah for ments often spotted in the simchas. They walk to Shabbat Moshe to continue carrying a Kettering-Oakwood area, have services at Chabad in Oakwood cane on Shabbat. In order to celebrated milestones over the each Saturday. go to services independently, past few months. Moshe was Moshe’s decision to acquire a Moshe needed a guide dog. recently paired with his first guide dog was precipitated by “At a very early age,” Moshe guide dog, Orion; and Chaim a recent rabbinic ruling that his explains, “I decided that I published the first volume use of a white cane on Shabbat believe in the things I was of his planned five-volume was forbidden without an eruv. taught by my religious teachers, memoir, The Sayzeh Song. The An eruv is a ritual enclosure, including that God expects us two milestones encapsulate the often marked by wires, that to do all these things.” unique relationship between allows Jews to carry certain Orion has been taught to lead each brother and his Jewish objects outside their homes on Moshe around obstacles and upbringing. Shabbat, in accordance with traffic. Moshe spent three weeks I met with Moshe and Chaim halachah (Jewish law). training with Orion at The Seeat Sinclair Community ColThe Oakwood area doesn’t ing Eye, a philanthropic organilege, where Chaim works Marshall Weiss zation in Morristown, N.J. at a call center helping The Seeing Eye breeds, inbound students. We sat raises and trains puppies around a table, with Orion, to become guide dogs for and Chaim’s guide dog, those with visual impairYahtzee (Chaim has had a ments. It provides clients guide dog for years), restwith guide dogs and training at their feet. Moshe and ing at prices within their Chaim aren’t totally blind; reach. each can distinguish some It is Orion’s training in light and dark. “intelligent disobedience,” The brothers grew up Moshe notes with no trace in an Orthodox home in of irony, that helps keep Dayton, and attended the him safe. now defunct Congregation While Moshe derives Shomrei Emunah/Young satisfaction from followIsrael of Dayton with their ing halachah, Chaim’s parents and two sighted relationship to Orthodox brothers. Keeping mitzvot Jewish practice is more (commandments) remains ambiguous. Chaim has important to them. a “rather liberal poMoshe, 48, regularly litical viewpoint” and has attends prayer minyans problems with “certain for yahrzeits and shivas. aspects of how men’s and Chaim, 46, dons tefillin women’s roles are viewed every morning, and has within Orthodoxy.” Chaim Segal, shown here with his guide dog, delivered kosher food to “I kept thinking that Yahtzee, has completed the first volume of his sick friends. Both sing and memoir when I got older I would

The Adventures of

Bark Mitzvah Boy

So? Israel has had

Wonder Women for years.

c O 2017 Menachem

From the editor’s desk According to the Ruderman Family Foundation, which supports programs to advance inclusion of people with disabilities in society, 20 percent of Americans Marshall have disabilities. Weiss “Jewish communities, in particular, can’t afford to exclude such a large segment of the population,” the foundation’s Miriam Heyman told writer Martha Moody Jacobs when Marti was putting together her profile of brothers Chaim and Moshe Segal, above. It is our hope that this profile will help us become better acquainted with two men in our community you’ve probably seen now and again over many years. Neither has any time for sympathy; in keeping with the highest of Jewish values, they are champions of empathy. The more we understand about others and their challenges, the better we can eliminate negative or erroneous stereotypes and empower inclusion for those with disabilities.

understand things better,” Chaim says. “Originally, what kept me going was the fear that if I forsook the commandments, I would place the entire nation (the Jewish people) in mortal danger. For me, this is a very complicated subject.” And one that his memoir, The Sayzeh Song, explores. Chaim’s memoir presents a childhood filled with confusion and isolation. The title, The Sayzeh Song, comes from Chaim’s misunderstanding of the chorus of the Hall and Oates song, Say It Isn’t So. Chaim heard the words “Say it!” as a weird voice calling out an incompre- Moshe Segal recently acquired his first guide dog, Orion Continued on Page Five

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A Special Shabbat Under The Stars Celebrating

Cincinnati student released from N. Korea was active in Hillel

Cantor Andrea Raizen’s 10th Anniversary at

Beth abraham

Beth Abraham is Dayton’s only Conservative synagogue, affiliated with the United Synagogue of Conservative Judaism. We are an enthusiastically egalitarian synagogue. Beth Abraham, Dayton’s only Conservative We also haveisan enersynagogue, getic Keruv program that enthusiastically egalitarian and is affiliated with reaches out to intermarried the United couples andSynagogue families in of our Conservative Judaism. synagogue and in the Dayton Jewish community. Daily Minyan Schedule

aham is Dayton’s nservative gue, affiliated with ed Synagogue of ative Judaism.

Mon.-Fri., 6:50 a.m. & 5:30 p.m. For a complete schedule of

an enthusiastically an synagogue.

have an eneruv program that out to intermarried and families in our gue and in the Dayton ommunity.

Kabbalat Shabbat service with the Beth Abraham Band and the Dayton Jewish Chorale.

Shabbat Dinner to follow. At Beth Abraham Synagogue.

our events, goa.m. to Sunday, 8:30 For a complete schedule of our events and times, go to

mplete schedule of nts, go to

Friday, July 21, 6:15 p.m.

Dinner cost: $18 adults, $9 children 4-12. R.S.V.P. by July 14 to 293-9520.


AfternoonS Screening & Discussion, Sunday, July 9, 2 p.m.

A Concert of Opera Introduced by Mike Jaffe


By Josefin Dolsten, JTA Otto Warmbier, the University of Virginia student imprisoned by North Korea who was released June 13 and died six days later of injuries sustained in prison, was active with his university’s Hillel and cared deeply about the Jewish community, its rabbi recalls. YouTube Warmbier, 22, a Cincinnati native, was traveling on a student tour of North Korea last year when he was arrested and sentenced to 15 years of hard labor for stealing a propaganda poster. Rabbi Jake Rubin, the University of Virginia’s Hillel director, told JTA in an email that it was another overseas trip that sealed Otto Warmbier Warmbier’s connection to the Jewish community. A 2014 Birthright mission to Israel, where Warmbier received a Hebrew name during a hike to Masada, left a strong impression on the young man. After the trip, he became involved with the Jewish community on campus. Birthright offers free trips to individuals who identify as Jewish, have at least one Jewish birth parent, or have completed Jewish conversion. Rubin did not answer a question about Warmbier’s Jewish background. He described Warmbier as “a beloved member of our Hillel community. He was a regular at Bagels on Lawn, celebrated Shabbat and holidays at Hillel, and even led a Seder for other students that focused on issues of environmentalism and sustainability.”

Springfield temple votes to include Israeli flag on bima At a congregational meeting on April 30, members of Temple Sholom in Springfield unanimously voted to place the Israeli flag on the bima (stage) in the temple’s sanctuary. According to Temple Sholom’s rabbi, Cary Kozberg, the motion was brought to the floor by a congregant who is an Israeli-American citizen. “He had suggested it informally numerous times in the past, but was always given the response that certain longtime members were not comfortable having an Israeli flag standing along with an American flag,” Kozberg explained in an email. He added that the U.S. Flag has been displayed on Temple Sholom’s bima as long as any current congregants can recall. Longtime congregants who didn’t want the Israeli flag on the bima didn’t give reasons for their opposition, the rabbi recalled, but Kozberg, who started his career at Temple Sholom from 1977 to 1980, thought they may have been concerned with dual loyalty accusations from non-Jews. “Some of these members had experienced antisemitism when they first moved to Springfield back in the late 1940s/early 1950s,” Kozberg noted. “Despite the change in attitude toward Israel among Americans, especially after the Six-Day War, some of these members were still uncomfortable. Now that these members had passed on, the issue was raised again and passed unanimously.” — Marshall Weiss

Editor and Publisher Marshall Weiss 937-853-0372 Contributors Rachel Haug Gilbert Martha Moody Jacobs Rabbi Cary Kozberg Candace R. Kwiatek Advertising Sales Executive Patty Caruso, Proofreaders Karen Bressler, Rachel Haug Gilbert, Joan Knoll, Pamela Schwartz Billing Jeri Kay Eldeen, 937-853-0372 Observer Advisor Martin Gottlieb Published by the Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton David Pierce President Judy Abromowitz Immediate Past Pres. Bruce Feldman President Elect Todd Bettman Officer Dr. Heath Gilbert Officer Beverly Louis Officer Mary Rita Weissman Officer Cathy Gardner CEO The Dayton Jewish Observer, Vol. 21, No. 10. The Dayton Jewish Observer is published monthly by the Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton, a nonprofit corporation, 525 Versailles Dr., Dayton, OH 45459. Views expressed by guest columnists, in readers’ letters and in reprinted opinion pieces do not necessarily reflect the opinion of The Dayton Jewish Observer, The Dayton Jewish Observer Policy Committee, the Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton or the underwriters of any columns. Acceptance of advertising neither endorses advertisers nor guarantees kashrut. The Dayton Jewish Observer Mission Statement To support, strengthen and champion the Dayton Jewish community by providing a forum and resource for Jewish community interests. Goals • To encourage affiliation, involvement and communication. • To provide announcements, news, opinions and analysis of local, national and international activities and issues affecting Jews and the Jewish community. • To build community across institutional, organizational and denominational lines. • To advance causes important to the strength of our Jewish community including support of Federation departments, United Jewish Campaign, synagogue affiliation, Jewish education and participation in Jewish and general community affairs. • To provide an historic record of Dayton Jewish life.

Please recycle this newspaper.



Segal brothers

of tzedakah (righteous giving) is giving someone a job. Continued from Page Three He admits that an Orthodox hensible “Sayzeh!” on a “fright- life with time off for Shabbat and Jewish holidays can lead to ening-sounding chord.” scheduling issues in the workOnly later did he learn the place. His dream job would be real, more positive meaning of with computers. Chaim notes the phrase. eagerly that his brother has an In a similar vein, Chaim uncanny ability to solve comrecounts several stories in his puter problems and get users memoir of his father’s harshout of serious jams. ness and impatience. Each brother is married to “He had a blind mother, so a woman he appreciates as a maybe…” Moshe starts, trailblessing. Marriage is not a giving off. en in the blind community, and, In his book, Chaim also recounts his father’s own difficult as Chaim notes, the Orthodox childhood (there was “absolute- community offers limited oply no room for objection” in his tions for blind people to make the social connections needed father’s childhood home) and for marriage. thanks his father, a psycholoChaim’s gist who died in experience in 2004, for “teach- Moshe feels as if the Orthodox ing me to be an ethically moral he is ‘losing credit’ matchmakperson.” when people jump ing world was filled with disTheir mother, in to give him appointments; who now lives he came to in a senior-care help he doesn’t that his facility, proneed. ‘We’re not a believe blindness made moted her sons’ tzedakah box,’ he him unmatchlearning and able. self-reliance. says of himself In 2004 at The brothers Chabad, Moshe started reading and Chaim. married Hadar, Braille at age 5. Moshe was educated through a Jew by choice who is also visually impaired; he met her high school at Hillel Academy, and, after a rocky start in public through mutual friends. Chaim, encouraged by school, Chaim graduated from Moshe and especially Hadar Colonel White High School. to “go out of his way” to date Both brothers attended cola blind woman, joined a Harry lege and, for a time, Moshe Potter chat room on a voicemail studied to be a rabbi. Now, the system for the blind. men have the latest electronic There, he met “somebody devices that let them read, type, very special,” the woman living and transcribe in Braille. Although they live near each in Florida who would become his wife. Hava, legally Brooke, other, the brothers have sepais not Jewish, although she was rate dwellings and lead separate lives. They take turns host- intrigued by the faith and had actually prayed for God to send ing Shabbat dinners. They’re her a man named Chaim. proud of their independence. Over time, Chaim’s mother Moshe feels as if he is “losing credit” when people jump in to accepted Hava, realizing that Hava had no desire to change give him help he doesn’t need. “We’re not a tzedakah box,” he Chaim’s level of religious observance. says of himself and Chaim. In 2009, Chaim and Hava Moshe, who used to work were married by Reform Rabbi at a call center, is frustrated that he isn’t employed now. He David Burstein, then with cites employers’ irrational fears Temple Beth Or. The marriage is a happy one, although Chaim about hiring a blind person, and notes that the highest form notes that many in his Ortho-

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Loving dependable care, when you’re not there dox world refuse to call his wife Hava, “feeling that she has no right to a Hebrew name until she converts, if she ever does.” Despite these challenges to his marriage, Chaim continues to attend Orthodox services and dons his tefillin daily. Because guide dogs are unusual in Orthodox synagogues, he and Moshe express their thanks that Chabad’s Rabbi Nochum Mangel has set aside an area for them to sit with their dogs. Orthodox Jews, Chaim says, tend to have more of a fear of dogs than the general population. And because they have little contact with dogs as pets, that fear can sometimes manifest itself when guide dogs are in their presence. The antidote, he says, is to educate people more about the needs of those with disabilities. Not only are guide dogs invaluable helpers, Chaim says they provide their owners with comfort and love in times of loneliness. Chaim continues to work on his memoir and dream big — an activity, he says, that blind people are not often encouraged to do — about “blind Orthodox conventions and Shabbatons.” When I ask Chaim what keeps him going as an Orthodox Jew, he responds with a question for me as a Reform Jew: “When so many basic tenets of Judaism, i.e. observance of kashrut and Shabbos, are withheld, how does a movement keep its strength?”

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Keeping pro-Israel politics bipartisan in an age of polarization By Shalom Lipner America. Bipartisanship. Compulsory. The literal ABCs of Israel’s national security doctrine remain Jerusalem’s airtight bond with the United States. The tangible friendship expressed for Israel by elected officials at all levels of the U.S. government, the robust cooperation between their business, scientific, defense and intelligence communities, and grassroots American support for the Jewish state endure as the sine qua non of Israel’s success. None of this would have been possible unless Democrats and Republicans — recognizing the partnership’s inherent value to America — had united in common cause to embrace Israel. The American Israel Public Affairs Committee has long known this. Reeling from the fallout of its 2016 policy conference, when then-candidate Donald Trump took to the podium to castigate President Barack Obama as “the worst thing that ever happened to Israel,” AIPAC management was determined to prevent this year’s event in March from turning into a partisan battlefield. But noble aspirations are the first victims in the era of the perpetual political campaign. Addressing the assembly on the first evening, Vice President Mike Pence stoked the coals of divisiveness, proclaiming that “for the first time in a long time, America has a president who will stand with our allies and stand up to our enemies.” He was only echoing the sentiments expressed at that same morning’s opening plenary by Israel’s ambassador to the U.S., Ron Dermer, who said, “For the first time in many years, perhaps even many decades, there is no daylight between our two governments.” To be sure, Obama clashed with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu repeatedly, famously blindsiding his government by withholding a U.N. Security Council veto that led to the condemnation of Israel in the twilight of his presidency. But he was still the same president who ultimately signed off on a multi-year, $38 billion Memorandum of Understanding on security assistance — the one that compelled Netanyahu to “thank President Obama and his administration for this historic agreement.” Here’s the rub: Memories of there never being any “daylight” between even the tightest of allies are myth. Nor has the advent of the Trump era eliminated all points of contention. But Israel has been fortunate to enjoy sustained, exceptionally high levels of coordination and collaboration under U.S. administrations of both political stripes. And what is it that enables that consistency, which allows Israel to both thrive today and plan for its future? You guessed it. Bipartisanship. Skeptics in Israel and within the Republican Party are not wrong: Israel does have a conspicuous problem within the present-day Democratic Party. Its sources range from the raging currents of globalization to differences over Israeli policy vis-àvis the Palestinians. Republican sympathies for Israel far outstrip Democratic ones, posing a challenge from which friends of this bilateral relationship dare not shirk; capitulation is an unaffordable luxury for them. Because the White House switches hands, congressional majorities are not eternal and even governments in Jerusalem have been rumored to change, neither side of the aisle can be written off. If the Israeli leadership ever had to deal with a hostile and alienated counterpart in the United States, the consequences could be catastrophic. Ironically, for bipartisanship to be restored to full health, a particular aspect of Israel’s awkward synthesis of identity politics is both relevant and instructive here. Governance in America is anchored in a two-party system, but Israel’s proportional representation has birthed dozens of parties since its inception; the current Knesset boasts 11 caucuses. Among them are boutique factions championing narrow constituencies, namely religious Jews and Israel’s Arab citizens, but counterintuitively, an independent voice has not always served their needs. One byproduct has been that these factions are deputized as chief lobbyists for basic services such as religious education and PAGE 6

functional neighborhood policing for their communities. In more familiar terms: The fundamental deliverables of liberal democracy have been turned into horse-traded special interests. And if these smaller parties then fail at their polls, whole sectors of society risk being marginalized. Meanwhile, with people voting their parochial concerns, the state becomes almost ungovernable. A more effective way to guarantee themselves a hearing would have been for these groups to set up shop within Israel’s two major political blocs. That way, their core requisites would become integrated into the platforms of all governments, no matter which way the winds were blowing. In fact, signs of greater consolidation are now underway in Israel with talk of mergers and some newer contenders fielding slates with greater in-house diversity. Such thinking is a piece of cake for Americans. The Republican and Democratic universes are seeded with multiple affinity groups that toil to ensure their pet causes are well represented in both parties. Among those promoting a strong U.S.-Israel bond, in this context, are the National Jewish Democratic Council and Republican Jewish Coalition, institutions that liaise with their respective party apparatuses and work to foster closer ties between the two nations. But bipartisan fellowship is becoming ever more tenuous, and I’ve witnessed personally how hyper-politicization can inflict damage to the cause — with supporters of this relationship “colluding” to turn it into a wedge issue when they hammer each other as only fair-weather friends. Since the mission of both the NJDC and the RJC is to help elect members from their own parties, they almost have a vested interest in undermining the bipartisan foundations of U.S.-Israel relations. This same spirit of polarization has also consumed much of the cohort advocating on behalf of America’s alliance with Israel. AIPAC’s commitment to providing a warm bipartisan home for this community is being assailed by less politically inclusive outfits on both flanks. For the past eight years, J Street’s decidedly pro-Obama bent challenged the kumbaya of pro-Israel orthodoxy. And today, prominent Jewish funders and evangelical groups are calling for a more hard-hitting approach than AIPAC's, one attuned to the sensibilities of Trump’s America. How to square this circle when bipartisanship is indispensable but politics is king? Friends of America’s partnership with Israel might consider triage. If the relationship is to recoup its “unifier” status, most immediate should be to neutralize the acrimony. AIPAC’s professionalism will remain a formidable asset — but only if the organization is not transformed into a boxing ring where political rivals come to exchange blows without regard for the injury it causes to bipartisanship. Unless supreme efforts are invested to insulate this neutral ground, it could conceivably implode. Participants in the June AIPAC joint trip to Israel for Republican and Democratic campaign operatives' officials — reportedly it “helped them dial down the bitter partisanship of current-day Washington” — would be the first to vindicate this approach. At the same time, the current environment has prescribed an increasingly important role for tapered and cohesive silos of the like-minded. Enjoying the cachet of intellectual traction among their natural allies, partisan groups are equally potent messengers on issues ranging from foreign aid to the Iranian nuclear threat that they can cast skillfully in the vernacular of their particular guild. Ideally this task would be performed without too much emphasis on why the opposing team is “weak” on the issue; rather the mutual objective would be for all sides to be “strong.” To ensure that Democrats and Republicans keep forging ahead to advance the alliance between the United States and Israel, parallel inclusive and exclusive tracks of communal activism might just be a sign of the times. Perhaps it’s time for Bipartisanship 2.0. “Bipartisanship,” if you will. Shalom Lipner is a nonresident senior fellow of the Center for Middle East Policy at the Brookings Institution. From 1990 to 2016, he served seven consecutive premiers at the Prime Minister’s Office in Jerusalem.

136-year-old Jewish agency for refugees’ new mission in Trump era: fight back By Ben Sales, JTA NEW YORK — On Jan. 27, President Donald Trump made Mark Hetfield’s job impossible. Hetfield is the president and CEO of HIAS, an organization that resettles refugees in the United States. A week into his presidency, Trump issued an executive order barring refugees from entering the country, leaving Hetfield’s group bereft. Its supporters joined the protests that weekend at airports across the country. But with HIAS unable to pursue its core mission, Hetfield wasn’t sure what the next step might be. “All we can do is continue to make noise,” he told JTA that day. Five months later, that noise has only gotten louder. More than a century old, HIAS has seen its activist profile rise higher this year than perhaps at any point in its history. It’s brought thousands of people to demonstrate in the streets and organized hundreds of synagogues to lobby Congress. And it’s about to stand before the Supreme Court as a plaintiff in a suit challenging the second version of Trump’s ban, which two judges blocked in March. And it’s still resettling refugees. “The problem we have now is (American Jewish volunteers) want to do much more in terms of servicing refugees, welcoming refugees than we can give them, because the refugees are simply not arriving in the numbers they should be,” Hetfield said. “It’s really important that American Jews have our back because our biggest partner is the United States government, and that’s going to be changing over time to our biggest partner being the American Jewish community.” The activism is a change of

So, what do you think? Send your letters (350 words max., thanks) to: The Dayton Jewish Observer, 525 Versailles Drive Dayton, OH 45459


THE WORLD Katie Jett Walls

pace for a group accustomed to navigating bureaucracy and staying apolitical. Founded in the 1880s, the Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society was a shelter and resource for newly arrived Jewish immigrants. During and after World War I and the Holocaust, Activist Michele Freed, center, with other young professionals in front of it worked to the White House, March 1 resettle waves of predicted the outcome of this, but we Jewish refugees. And it took a leading role in the movement to free and resettle felt pretty strongly that we had good, solid arguments against the Muslim and Soviet Jewry. refugee ban. As the waves of Jewish immigration “It’s not over yet. We’re really still at slowed to a trickle in the 2000s, HIAS the preliminary stages of litigation.” began resettling non-Jewish refugees. While it fights the administration in Now it is one of nine agencies tasked court, HIAS has capitalized on Trump’s with resettling refugees in the United opposition to refugees to mobilize a States. growing base of Jewish-American supTrump’s vociferous opposition to porters. admitting Syrian refugees has thrust HIAS began building that base in the group into a paradox: Its officials portray themselves as reluctant activists 2014, when its leaders realized that most American Jews were unaware of who would prefer to remain outside of its work since the Soviet Jewry movethe partisan fray — working with the government, not against it. But for all in- ment faded 25 years ago following the tents and purposes, HIAS has joined the breakup of the Soviet Union. The group began a Welcome Camfront lines of what anti-Trump protesters paign for synagogues that wanted to call “the Resistance.” assist refugees — from a few that have “That’s the most troubling thing — refugees were really a bipartisan issue,” headed hands-on resettlement efforts to others that have committed to advocacy Hetfield said. “Some people say HIAS is a liberal agency or progressive Jewish and education about refugee issues. HIAS also began orgaagency. We’re really not. nizing activists to help Our whole focus has The activism lobby for its goals. been refugees, and refuis a change of As many social justice gees are not a partisan issue. It really became pace for a group causes have experienced, the Trump presidency politicized over the past accustomed has turbocharged the couple of years.” work. Before the election, The group’s antito navigating Welcome Campaign Trump activity has had bureaucracy and the included a little more the most impact in court. staying apolitical. than 200 synagogues. HIAS is one of nine Eight months later the plaintiffs in the federal number is up to 360. lawsuit against Trump’s On a national Day of Action two second travel ban, which the Supreme weeks after the initial refugee ban, HIAS Court is set to rule on by the end of mobilized protests in 20 cities, includJune. The suit claims the focus on Muslim countries violates the Constitution’s ing 1,000 people opposite the Statue of Liberty in New York and 600 in Washprohibition on preferring one religion over another, and asks for an injunction ington, D.C. An organizing meeting for young proagainst the ban because it would cause fessionals in Washington on Feb. 6 was HIAS to lose revenue and possibly cut expected to draw 30 people; 500 showed staff. (To move forward with the lawup. HIAS is now organizing them to suits, plaintiffs have to prove harm, or advocate for its issues and to volunteer “standing.”) A Maryland District Court judge, The- with refugees. And Hetfield said the group has seen odore Chuang, granted the injunction, a “significant rise” recently in private and it was upheld by an appeals court. donations. In 2015, the group’s operatBut Chuang’s federal court still must ing expenses totaled $41 million. This rule on the legality of the ban itself, so year its budget is $55 million. the legal road for HIAS remains long. Over the weekend following Trump’s “Usually litigation takes years,” said Melanie Nezer, the senior vice president initial refugee ban, HIAS raised more than $100,000 and garnered 1,800 new of public affairs for HIAS. “This has all Continued on Page 16 happened so fast. I don’t think anyone


August 3 6:30PM Boonshoft CJCE

525 Versailles Dr. 45459 Join us for a taste of Ecuador with light appetizers followed by the film An Unknown Country: Jews of Ecuador at 7PM. Dr. Felix Garfunkel will briefly share his 10 year experience living in Ecuador. No cost. An Unknown Country tells the story of European Jews who escaped Nazi persecution to find refuge in an unlikely destination: Ecuador, a South American country barely known at the time. The film follows the exiles’ perilous escape and difficult adjustment as they remade their lives in what was for them an exotic, unfamiliar land. This film is underwritten by Felix and Erika Garfunkel. RSVP by July 27 at or 937-610-1555.





Shabbat in the Park

Bring your bathing suit and enjoy a casual Shabbat potluck at a local park and playground. We will provide a kosher vegetarian course, challah, and grape juice. Please bring a vegetarian dish to share. JULY 7



1301 E Siebenthaler Ave., 45414

343 Wonderly Ave., 45419

221 N Main St., 45459

5:30–7:30PM Wegerzyn Gardens

5:30–7:30PM Orchardly Park

5:30–7:30PM Activity Center Park

Active Adults

Annual Brunch

Sunday, August 13 @ 10:30AM Dayton Woman’s Club (225 N. Ludlow St., 45402) › Nosh with your friends › Entertainment by Young at Heart Players › Optional tour of the Dayton Woman’s Club $15 per person. Your payment is your reservation. A kosher meal can be provided with advance notice, by the RSVP deadline.

RSVP by August 4 to Karen at 937-610-1555 or at PAGE 8

80% of Reform rabbis are Dems, higher than any other clergy The study noted that clergy tend to By Ben Sales, JTA be more politically polarized than their NEW YORK — The vast majority of Reform and Conservative rabbis affiliate respective congregants, which Jewish as Democrats, according to a new study. sociologist Steven M. Cohen said is unsurprising. Leaders, Cohen said, tend to The study, published in June by Yale be more involved and more ideological University, found that more than 80 than their followers. percent of Reform rabbis, and about 70 “Clergy in general are more politically percent of Conservative rabbis, affiliate as Democrats. Both were among the active and more likely to take on the distinctive patterns of their followers, more top five most Democratic clergy of the than the followers themselves,” said Jewish and Christian denominations in Cohen, a professor at the Hebrew Union the United States, with Reform rabbis College-Jewish Institute of Religion. topping the list. “Elites tend toward political poles more Among Orthodox rabbis, nearly 40 than the masses, and clergy are part of percent identify as Democrats and a the elites.” quarter as Republicans. The split among Orthodox rabbis By contrast, Evangelical pastors are URJ reflects Orthodox votalmost all Republicans, ers’ focusing more on as are most Baptists. The individual issues than Black Protestant African an overarching political Methodist Episcopal ideology, said Nathan clergy, as well as UnitarDiament, executive ian ministers, are heavily director of the Orthodox Democratic. Catholic Union Advocacy Center. priests are evenly split He added that, regardbetween Republicans less of the movement’s and Democrats. reputation for political Anyone familiar with conservatism, most of its American Jews won’t be congregations are still surprised by the data. located in “blue” states. Solid majorities of Amer“It’s not about parican Jews consistently ties, it’s about issues,” vote for Democrats — 70 percent voted for Hillary Rabbi Rick Jacobs, president of Diament said. “In recent the Union for Reform Judaism years, I would say, from Clinton in the Novemthe Orthodox community, there’s been ber presidential race — with polls a sense that Republicans have positions showing that Orthodox Jews are more that are more attractive with regard to likely to vote Republican. Reform Jews policy on Israel. On the other hand, a lot have been on the front lines of protests of people in the Orthodox community, against President Donald Trump. including rabbis, believe in support“The overwhelming majority of ing social welfare safety-net programs, non-Orthodox Jews look at Jewish which is something that would put them values and Jewish tradition, and their more aligned with Democratic political understanding of them, and come out positions.” in a place that’s fairly liberal on the In total, the data cover 130,000 clergy, American political spectrum,” said Mark Pelavin, chief program officer for including approximately 2,700 rabbis. the Union for Reform Judaism. “I don’t The data were collected via denominational websites cross-referenced with think there’s anything new there.” voter registration records. Some deOrthodox Jews make up about 10 percent of the American Jewish popula- nominations and religions — including Mormons and Muslims are not included tion, various studies show. One-third, due to lack of reliable clergy lists. or 35 percent, of all U.S. Jews identify The data also show that the Reform with the Reform movement, 18 percent rabbinate is the second-most female of identify with Conservative Judaism, 6 any denominational clergy. Forty-five percent with other movements and 30 percent of Reform rabbis are women, percent with no denomination, accordas opposed to an average of 16 percent ing to the Pew Research Center. The Yale study also shows that rabbis’ across the denominations surveyed. About a quarter of Conservative rabpolitical views track with congregants’ views on policy. For example, 40 percent bis are women; nearly all the Orthodox clergy are men. of Orthodox rabbis are Democrats, and “In recent years, the Democrats have some 40 percent of Orthodox congrebeen more on the side of rights in regard gants are pro-choice, while about 30 to women (and) women’s health issues,” percent of congregants believe gays said Rabbi Hara Person, the chief straand lesbians should be legally allowed tegic officer for the Reform movement’s to marry. Likewise, large majorities of Central Conference of American RabConservative and Reform rabbis are Democrats, and large majorities of their bis. “It would seem to me that the more congregants are pro-choice and pro-gay women you have as clergy, the more you’re going to lean toward Democrats.” marriage. THE DAYTON JEWISH OBSERVER • JULY 2017



Celebrating Our Legacy; Envisioning Our Future Jewish Federation of GREATER DAYTON › Nominations for the Moss Creativity Award

Do you know a member of the Dayton Jewish Community who has developed an innovative concept that impacts our community in a significant manner? Nominations are due by July 14. Please contact Jodi Phares at jphares@jfgd. net for more information and nomination materials or visit

› PJ Library Shabbat in the Park Series Friday, July 7 @ 5:30PM

Wegerzyn Gardens (1301 E Siebenthaler Ave., 45414) Tour of the children’s garden followed by a casual Shabbat potluck in Skeeter’s Shelter. We will provide a kosher vegetarian main course, challah, and grape juice. Please bring a vegetarian dish to share. Join us for the tour and/or dinner.

Covenant House and Covenant Manor served the Jewish community for over 35 years, providing care and comfort for those who called it home. Join us at the Boonshoft CJCE on Wednesday, August 16, at 6PM for the JFGD Annual Meeting as we celebrate and honor their legacy. In addition, we will Dream Big for the Dayton Jewish community’s future for the next 20 years.

That evening, we will also highlight the important role the Federation and its volunteers played in welcoming Soviet Jews to the Dayton Jewish Community almost 30 years ago. Catered by Bernstein’s Fine Catering, the event will feature heavy hors d'oeuvres with a Russian flair including a special vodka treat. "This is an opportunity to carry the legacy and tradition we have established into

the next 20 years, and have a little fun while doing it", commented Federation Board President David Pierce. Special guest Alina Spaulding will share with us the story of her emigration to the United States from the Former Soviet Union in 1979. With the help of Jewish communities like Dayton, her parents were able to come to the United States and share in a brighter Jewish future.

Special guest Alina Spaulding


Gayle Moscowitz

The Levin/Michaels Families of the Levin Family Foundation

J FS Vo l u n te e r Award :

Wendi Pavlofsky

Hana Bendcowsky, Program Director of Jerusalem Center for Jewish-Christian Relations, delved into the complex relationships between Jews and Christians in Israel as part of Israelity at the Jewish Cultural Festival on June 11. PHOTO

PJ Library and PJ Our Way celebrated Shavuot with everyone's favorite ice cream: Graeter's! The Centerville location gave us a tour that included sampling their delicious freshly made whipped cream.

Pa st Pre s i d en t s ’ Awa rd :

Elaine Bettman

Ro be rt A . S h a p i ro Awa rd :

Please join us in celebrating these outstanding members of our Jewish community at our Annual Meeting.

› YAD: Shabbat Savvy Cooking Lessons (ages 21–35) Sunday, July 16 @ 10AM

Boonshoft CJCE Learn how to cook a full Shabbat dinner from Rochel Simon: matzah ball soup, challah, main course, a number of side dishes and rugelach. Afterward, enjoy eating the fruits of our labor. RSVP to $10/person.

› PJ Library Shabbat in the Park Series Friday, July 28 @ 5:30PM

Orchardly Park (343 Wonderly Ave., 45419) Bring your bathing suit! Enjoy a casual Shabbat potluck at a local park and playground. We will provide a kosher vegetarian course, challah, and grape juice. Please bring a vegetarian dish to share.

RSVPs are due at least 1 week before event. Events with no price listed are free. FOR MORE INFORMATION OR TO RSVP (unless noted):




Members of YAD noshed on Pies and Pints pizza while learning more about our Partnership2Gether connection with the Western Galilee with Youngstown program director Sarah Wilschek. PHOTO CREDIT: JODI PHARES JEWISH FEDERATION of GREATER DAYTON AGENCY NEWSLETTER | JULY 2017

A SNAPSHOT (or several) of Jewish Community Center of GREATER DAYTON › Camp Shalom

@ Boonshoft CJCE Camp K'tan: ages 18 months through entering kindergarten Camp Gadol: grades 1–7, with counselors in training grades 8–10

HEALTH & WELLNESS › Aerobic Conditioning Tues/Thurs @ 9–9:50AM

Through August 3. $25 for all sessions. Through Sinclair Lifelong Learning.


Gadol headed on a nature walk at Possum Creek; Hutt Moody explores the power of water; It's good to make friends at camp, especially those with feathers; Moshe Simon practices floating in the pool; Connie Duncan shares about one of the soft and fluffy resident rabbits at Possum Creek Farm with Gadol campers. PHOTO CREDITS: MERYL HATTENBACH, LISA SIEGAL

RSVPs are due at least 1 week before event. Events with no price listed are free. FOR MORE INFORMATION OR TO RSVP (unless noted):



RIGHT: Tara Feiner, Jewish Family

Services Director, and Gail Ziegler, Senior Manager of Jewish Family Service Center for Holocaust Survivors - Cincinnati, at the Jewish Cultural Festival PHOTO CREDIT: ADAM FEINER

JFS of Greater Dayton is partnering with The Center for Holocaust Survivors – Cincinnati to help survivors who live independently to access special, grantfunded social supports. Services that can be accessed through The Center for Holocaust Survivors may include, but are not limited to: light housekeeping; home care; safety/adaptive equipment; and limited financial reimbursement for medical and health expenses. We can also help survivors who have not yet received restitution complete and submit the Claims Conference’s Compensation Program Application. Please contact JFS at 937-610-1555 for more information.

Where are you? We need you!

Did you come to Dayton from the former Soviet Union? If so, we want to hear from you! In August 2017, the Jewish community will celebrate the 28th anniversary of Operation Exodus and the Soviet Jewry resettlement in Dayton. A committee, chaired by Joe and Elaine Bettman, is planning a reunion to bring together those who came to Dayton for a new beginning and those volunteers who welcomed them. Please contact Shay Shenefelt at 937610-1555 or with your contact information: name, phone number, mailing address and email - if you either: › Arrived from the former Soviet Union in the late 1980s or early 1990s – a new Daytonian! › Are a child, grandchild, or great grandchild of a “new Daytonian.” We want to invite all generations to participate in this wonderful celebration!

Где Вы? Вы нужны нам! Вы приехали

в Дейтон из бывших республик Советского Союза? Если да, мы хотим связаться с Вами!

В августе 2017 года еврейское сообщество будет отмечать 28-ю годовщину организации Operation Exodus и переселения советских евреев в Дейтон. Комитет во главе с Джо и Элейн Беттман планируют провести общую встречу всех, кто приехал в Дейтон, чтобы начать жизнь заново, а также волонтёров, которые тепло встретили переселенцев. Пожалуйста, обратитесь к Шей Шенефелт по тел.: 6101555 или и сообщите свою контактную информацию – полное имя, номер телефона, почтовый адрес и адрес электронной почты, если Вы

Jewish Family Services Jewish Foundation ofof GREATER DAYTON GREATER DAYTON › Third Thursday Speaker Series at Cedar Village Thursday, July 20

See the ad on page 13 with information about this event and how to RSVP

› Active Adults Annual Brunch Sunday, August 13 10:30AM @ Dayton Woman’s Club (225 N. Ludlow St., 45402)

$15 per person. Your payment is your reservation. See the ad on page 8 with information about this event. RSVP by August 4.

› Need Assistance Finding a Food Pantry Near You? Call the United Way Information & Referral Line, 225-3000 or Dial 2-1-1. › Are you caring for a loved one who is not in the Greater Dayton area? While the Network for Jewish Human Service Agencies is working to update its website, it may be difficult to access the Senior Resource Connect portal. Please do not hesitate to contact JFS to find services and supports provided by Jewish agencies nationwide. › Don’t know what to donate in the Food Barrels? How about non-perishable, nonexpired dairy products? EVAPORATED MILK POWDERED MILK PUDDINGS CUSTARDS are greatly appreciated!

› приехали из бывших республик Советского Союза в конце 1980-х – начале 1990-х – новый житель Дейтона!

› сын/дочь, внук/внучка или правнук/правнучка «нового жителя Дейтона». Мы хотим пригласить представителей всех поколений принять участие в этом замечательном праздновании!

RSVPs are due at least 1 week before event. Events with no price listed are free. FOR MORE INFORMATION OR TO RSVP (unless noted):



Heuman Scholarship Winner:


A little bit of Yiddish to share with friends, courtesy of the JFS Yiddish Club, in memory of Lynda A. Cohen.

Kukn \ KUK-en \ Verb To look at, glance, peep. Expression with Kukn: › Zi shaynt vi di zun - oyf der zun ken men nisht kukn, oyf ir oych nisht. She is as ugly as sin (lit., She shines like the sun - it is impossible to look at the sun, and it is impossible to look at her). › In mayn fentzter vet oych a mol araynkukn di zun. The sun will shine down our street, too; while there is life, there is hope (lit., The Sun will shine into my window, too, sometime). › Mit vos an oyg men kukt oyf eynem, aza ponem hot er. The way you look at a man, so he appears to you. › In a tsholnt un in a shidech kukt men nisht tzu fil arayn. You don't look too deeply into a cholent or a marriage match. In the words of Wex, "If you knew what was in either, you wouldn't touch it."



The Jewish Foundation of Greater Dayton is pleased to announce Andrea Liberman has been named as this year’s recipient of the Heuman Scholarship. Andrea attends Vanderbilt University, where she is majoring in Cognitive Studies and Economics, with a minor in Corporate Strategy. After graduation, Andrea would like to work in market research, business analysis, consulting, or a related field. She would like to use analytics to understand consumer behavior and make businesses more efficient. When asked why she decided to pursue this career path, Andrea said “I am fascinated by research and psychology and would love to use those interests to help companies and the consumers they serve. When companies understand their customers, they

Be part of the summer reading club with PJ Library and PJ Our Way! Print out the club calendar and mark off each day you spend time reading: it can be reading to yourself or listening to a parent or sibling read. Even listening to an audio book counts! At the end of each month they can bring in their calendars with 18 or more days marked off, and they’ll earn a fun prize! The Summer Reading Club is open to everyone, readers and pre readers alike, email Juliet at if you have more questions or need a club calendar.

Calling all kids ages 8–11!

can better provide them with the products and services they need.” Andrea, who is currently studying abroad in France, stays very active on campus. She is Vice President of Membership at the Vanderbilt Hillel. Andrea also participates in the Big/Little Program, which pairs freshman with upperclassmen mentors, and the First Year Board, which teaches freshman how to be leaders in Hillel and allows them to plan their own events. Andrea said “I love getting to know the diverse Jewish freshman and help them define what Judaism means to them in college.” Additionally, Andrea is the External Relations Chair for Vanderbilt Women in Business, where she helps Vanderbilt women connect with professional women in the Nashville area with the goal of empowering young women in the business world. Andrea is the daughter of Ann and Scott Liberman, and a member of Beth Abraham Synagogue. Mazel tov, Andrea!

Join the next chapter of PJ Library, and sign up for PJ Our Way! Every month, kids can choose their own book from a selection of four titles that have been reviewed by a panel of PJ educators, parents, and kids. That's 12 free books a year! To make the choice easier, every title offered comes with a synopsis and author bios, ratings and reviews, and video trailers. As part of the program, PJ Our Way participants can create book trailers, videos, quizzes, author interviews, and other media to communicate with peers about the books. Visit for more details and to sign up. For more information on PJ Our Way activities in Dayton, please contact Juliet Glaser at 937-610-1555 or

Legacies, Tributes, & Memorials FEDERATION

ANNUAL CAMPAIGN IN HONOR OF › Susan Joffe receiving the Beth Abraham Women of Valor Award › Esther Feldman receiving the Beth Abraham Women of Valor Award -Judy and Dr. Mel Lipton › The birth new granddaughter to Felice and Mike Shane -Mary and Dr. Gary Youra

IN MEMORY OF › Ira Rubin -Judy and Dr. Mel Lipton › Sister of Robert Bernstein -Susan and Jonas Gruenberg › Barbara Flagel -Debby and Dr. Robert Goldenberg THE TALA ARNOVITZ FUND IN HONOR OF › Marriage of Jean Lieberman’s granddaughter -Beverly Saeks IN MEMORY OF › Father of Janet Chaliff -Beverly Saeks



CHILD PLACEMENT FUND IN HONOR OF › Levi and Rochel Simon’s new son -Cathy Gardner EARLY CHILDHOOD FUND IN MEMORY OF › Barbara Flagel -Susan and Jonas Gruenberg -Judy and Dr. Mel Lipton -Celia and Jeff Shulman -Bertram Flagel


JEWISH FAMILY SERVICES IN HONOR OF › Esther Feldman receiving the Beth Abraham Women of Valor Award -Brenda and Scott Meadow -Bobbie Kantor -Beverly and Jeffrey Kantor IN MEMORY OF › Sister of Robert Bernstein -Marlene and Dr. Henry Maimon › Esther Vandersluis -Donna and Marshall Weiss


Temple Beth Or Chai Mitzvah Class: Wed., July 12, 1 p.m. Leadership, moderated by Jan Maharam. 5275 Marshall Rd., Wash. Twp. 435-3400.

Bring swimsuit. For info., call Juliet Glaser, 610-1555.

Young Adults

YAD Shabbat-Savvy Cooking Lessons: Sun., July 16, 10 a.m.-1 p.m. Led by Rochel Simon. Prepare & eat. $10. Temple Israel Torah Study: Boonshoft CJCE, 525 Versailles Saturdays, 9:30 a.m. 130 Riverside Dr., Dayton. 496-0050. Dr., Centerville. R.S.V.P. to Cheryl Carne, 610-1778.


Sinclair Lifelong Learning Aerobic Conditioning: Tues. & Thurs., 9-9:50 a.m. through Aug. 3. $25 for all sessions. 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville. R.S.V.P. to 610-1555.


JCC Camp Shalom: Ages 18 months-K, through July 28. Grades 1-7, through July 21. Boonshoft CJCE, 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville. R.S.V.P. to 6101555. Chabad Camp Gan Izzy: Ages 5-11. July 24-Aug. 11. R.S.V.P. to 643-0770 ext. 1 or cgidayton. com.



Cedar Village Trip Lunch & Learn: Thurs., July 20, 10:45 a.m.-1:30 p.m. Transportation from Boonshoft CJCE, 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville to Mason. Free kosher lunch at Cedar Village & program, How To Prevent Identity Theft w. BBB. R.S.V.P. to 610-1555.

Community Events

Beth Abraham Synagogue Opera Afternoon: Sun., July 9, 2 p.m. Screening of concert of opera introduced by Dr. Mike Jaffe. 305 Sugar Camp Cir., Oakwood. Free. 293-9520. Temple Israel Bike & Brunch: Sun., July 16, 10 a.m. Meet at temple parking lot at 9:45 a.m. for ride on Great Miami River trail followed by brunch at restaurant. 130 Riverside Dr., Dayton. R.S.V.P. by July 12 to Courtney Cummings, 496-0050.

PJ Library Shabbat in the Park: Fridays, 5:30-7:30 p.m. July 7 at Wegerzyn Gardens, 1301 E. Siebenthaler Ave., Dayton. July 28 at Orchardly Park, 343 Wonderly Ave., Oakwood. Casual potluck. Jewish Genealogical Society Kosher vegetarian course, of Dayton Re-launch Meeting: challah & grape juice provided. Bring a vegetarian dish to share. Sun., July 16, 1-2:30 p.m.


this week’s Jewish news with Radio Reading Service Goodwill Easter Seals Miami Valley Radio Reading Service provides audio access to newspapers, magazines and other print media for those unable to read on their own. Listeners tune in with special radio receivers to programs including The Jewish News Hour.

If you know someone who might qualify to receive a Reading Service radio, call 528-6564

Graeter’s, 2412 Far Hills Ave., Oakwood. R.S.V.P. to Molly Blumer at jmblumer@gmail. com. Shabbat Under The Stars Celebrating Cantor Raizen’s 10th Anniversary at Beth Abraham Synagogue: Fri., July 21, 6:15 p.m. Service with Beth Abraham Band & Dayton Jewish Chorale, dinner to follow. Dinner cost: $18 adults, $9 children 4-12. 305 Sugar Camp Cir., Oakwood. R.S.V.P. by July 14 to 293-9520. Temple Israel at Topgolf: Wed., July 26, 5:15-8:45 p.m. $60 for non-members, $40 for Temple Israel members includes bus transportation. R.S.V.P. by July 17 to 496-0050. Temple Israel Shabbat In The Park: Sat., July 29, 10:30 a.m. Oak Creek South, 790 Miamisburg-Centerville Rd., Centerville. W. Rabbi Sobo. Challah, grape juice & hot dogs provided. Bring a side dish or dessert to share. For info., call 496-0050.

Are you reading this? So is the entire Jewish community. Contact Patty Caruso at to advertise in The Observer.

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2015 DABR Sales Leader Award of Distinction


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Assisting you every step of the way!

Buying and Selling Video Games and Electronics

® Video Games iPods • Tablets Smartphones Computers • TVs DVDs • CDs • Blu-ray

Mon thru Sat, 10 - 9 Sun, 10 - 6

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1133 Brown St., Dayton • 228-6399

Join us on Third Thursdays

The and Safety Safety Series Series The Fraud Fraud and

What: Leading experts discuss topics, issues and innovations affecting What:life. Leading topics, your Bring aexperts friend discuss and enjoy lunchissues on us!and innovations affecting your life. Bring a friend and enjoy lunch on us! When: Third Thursday in July, from 11:30 am–1 pm When: Third Thursdays in May, JuneVillage and July, from 11:30 OH. am–1 pm Where: Cedar Village, 5467 Cedar Drive, Mason, Transportation from the Boonshoft CJCE Drive, leavesMason, for Cedar at 10:45 from am. Where: Cedar Village, 5467 Cedar Village OH.Village Transportation the Jewish Federation leaves of Greater Dayton leaves Return transportation Cedar Village at 1 for pm.Cedar Village at 11 am. RSVPs required:Please Pleasecall callthe theJewish JewishFederation Federationof Greater Dayton at RSVPs required: of Greater Dayton at 937-610-1555. 937-610-1555. Don’tTo FallPrevent for It! How to Spot Scams and Fraud May 18 How Identity Theft: Thursday, JulyThursday, 20 FBI Special Agent Ben Egan will share advice on the latest and Better Business Bureau Outreach Specialist Sandra Guile scams will offer tipshow to avoid being victimized. Learn about tricks criminals use to steal your to protect your identity. Learn about the five most common fraudster assets, how to detect a scam, what persuasion tactics and and signs yourvictims identityshould mightdo. already be compromised. Learn more at Learn more at Thursdays

5467 Cedar Village Drive Mason, OH 45040 513.754.3100

Transportation from Dayton now provided by Cedar Village with JFS taking RSVPs. Contact Karen at 610-1555 for more details.




The best service, creativity, and value.

In The Shops of Oakwood 2316 Far Hills Avenue • Oakwood, Ohio 45419


Temple Beth Or Confirmands (L to R): Taran Smith, Ava Kuperman, Austin Long, Sara Zendlovitz, Daniel Kahn, Emma Lindsay, Rabbi Judy Chessin

Temple Israel Confirmands (L to R): Morgan Saul, Tamir Rastetter, Rabbi Karen Bodney-Halasz. Not pictured: Jonathan Schwartz.

KVELLING CORNER Irwin Dumtschin was recognized as the Beth Abraham Men’s Club Man of the Year at The Fourth Biennial Regional KIO-Federation of Jewish Men’s Clubs Honors Luncheon in Columbus. Bring in this ad and receive $10 off your next in-store purchase of $60 or more* Expires 12.31.2017. *Some exclusions apply. Not valid on wine, candy, or delivery.

Stephanie Kirtland was appointed chair of the mathematics department of Stebbins High School. She is entering her 17th year teaching algebra and geometry there.

Rachel Haug Gilbert 1306 Troy Street • Dayton 45404 • (937) 223-1213 • The Dayton Dragons and Vectren honored Charles Fox as a Dragons Community All-Star at the May 12 game. In memory of his late wife, Charlotte, Charles started buying and donating soft, fleece blankets for the Kettering Medical Center Foundation to distribute to patients undergoing chemotherapy. Then Charles established the Grammy CC Foundation of Love in Charlotte’s memory, to provide cancer patients with gifts to let them know they are in the hearts and prayers of others. While the foundation mainly focuses on blankets, it has also worked with local organizations to donate knitted hats to cancer patients. Glen Cebulash, department chair of art and art history professor at Wright State University, was awarded a 2017 Ohio Arts Council Individual PAGE 14

Excellence Award. His artwork was recently on exhibit at the Dayton Visual Arts Center. Brooke Bressler graduated from Loyola University with a bachelor’s degree in psychology. She will work with a real estate firm in Chicago. Brooke is the daughter of Karen and Kevin Bressler. Samantha Conte graduated magna cum laude from Ball State University with a bachelor of fine arts degree in dance performance. Samantha is currently auditioning in hopes to join a modern dance company or have the opportunity to dance on a cruise ship. She is the daughter of Jill and Thomas Conte. This summer, Jeremy Rosen, a senior at the University of Dayton, is studying at the Catholic University of Paris, France. Jeremy is pursuing two bachelor’s degrees, one in graphic design and one in English. Jeremy is the son of Suzanne Rosen and the late Ron Allen. Corinne Engber earned a bachelor’s degree in English literature from Kent State University. She’ll now attend Emerson College in Boston for a graduate degree in publishing. Corinne is the daughter of Cassandra and Jeff Engber. Jack Jacobs graduated from the Indiana University Kelley

School of Business. He is now a financial analyst with Ford Motor Co. and lives in Royal Oak, Mich. He is the son of Drs. Marti and Marty Jacobs. Fourth-year students with Wright State University’s Boonshoft School of Medicine who took the course Medicine and the Holocaust presented their end-ofthe semester project on May 23, with local Holocaust survivors in attendance, including Dayton Holocaust Resource Center Director Renate Frydman, Dr. Felix Garfunkel, Sam Heider, Bob Kahn, Sam Lauber, and Ira Segalewitz. Dr. David Shuster, clinical assistant professor of orthopaedic surgery with Wright State University’s Boonshoft School of Medicine, teaches the elective class. In May, Temple Israel inducted Shirlee Gilbert into its God Squad in recognition of her years of devoted service. Great-grandparents Joan and Dr. Art Greenfield of Dayton and Shirley and Leo Katz of Sarasota, Fla. announce the birth of their great-granddaughter, Esther Greenfield. Esther’s parents are Tammy and Alex Greenfield of Rockaway, N.Y. Grandparents are Aimee and Dr. Dwynn Greenfield of Sparta, N.C.; and Joan and Rabbi Akiva Schutz of Far Rockaway, N.Y. Send your Kvelling items to: or to Rachel Haug Gilbert The Dayton Jewish Observer 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville, OH 45459




Pinchas: Zealotry or integrity? By Rabbi Cary Kozberg Temple Sholom, Springfield A zealot must be shalem (perfect, whole), without blemish, before acting. — Kiddushin 60a It is the integrity of the leader that promotes integrity or prevents the “dis-integration” of the system he or she is leading. — Edwin Friedman, A Failure of Nerve: Leadership in the Age of the Quick Fix

Perspectives The Torah portion Balak concludes with Pinchas slaying the Israelite man Zimri, and the Midianite woman Cosbi, as they engage in illicit relations during an episode of religious apostasy by the people of Israel. The next week’s Torah reading begins with God commanding Moses to tell Pinchas that his zeal for God: 1. prevented God from destroying the people and 2. merited for Pinchas both the priesthood and God’s pact of friendship. Curiously, our tradition is ambivalent about Pinchas’ action. Many commentators salute his zealotry, but caution that such an act was an exception, and thus normally prohibited. And yet, Pinchas is identified with Elijah the prophet (Baba Metzia 114a), and is the inspiration for Mattathias’ bloody response to public apostasy, which triggered the Maccabean revolt. However, believing that zealotry — often labeled “religious fanaticism” — is never a legitimate response to challenges to religious or social order, most contemporary Jews likely take great exception to Pinchas’ response. One modern commentator, Rabbi Y. Eiger, notes that this Torah portion is always read alone (not connected to another) precisely because Pinchas was a zealot, and zealots must always be isolated. Another, Rabbi Arthur Green, compares him to King David (guilty of conspiring to murder Uriah, Bathsheba’s husband) and calls him a “murderer.” The fact is: God punishes David, but praises Pinchas. Moreover, God promises Pinchas not “a covenant of peace,” but “My covenant of peace” (briti shalom), perhaps to say: “Future generations may have

personify the reactive anxiety which he as the leader was supposed to calm. This may explain why God fires him after he their own ideas about your act. strikes the rock. following symptoms, enumerNevertheless, My support for By contrast, Pinchas’ reated by Friedman as indications you is forever.” sponse — albeit inappropriate of such emotional regression: Moreover, Rabbi Hirsch Leib by contemporary standards — • A palpable anxiety caused Berlin’s commentary Ha-Emek is the epitome of clarity, integby the quick and substantive Davar suggests that God’s rity, decisiveness. changes of the Exodus (think: telling Moses to personally As Rabbi Menachem Esh “no time to make provicommunicate God’s response sions…”), cranking up a vicious notes in Homat Esh: Pinchas to Pinchas is an appropriate could have reasoned that if cycle of reactions to events and punishment for Moses. He the recognized leaders did not to each other. compares Moses to a general respond to Zimri’s deed, then • The people seeing themwho shirks his duty he too could stand aside. But selves as victims, during battle, and being “zealous for his God,” displacing blame to then is “rescued” by he took personal responsibility Moses, Aaron and a common soldier’s to sanctify God’s name, even God, rather than taksuggestion. When the though those greater than he ing responsibility for king hears about it, had decided to stand down. their own newly-libhe orders the genThus, perhaps the aboveerated destinies. This eral himself to pin a quoted teaching about a zealot’s response led to: medal on the soldier. needing to be shalem, might be • A herding toQuestioning the legether, leading to their understood not as needing to gitimacy of zealotry is be perfect (no human being is), adapting to the least certainly not new to but rather needing to be wellemotionally mature our tradition. Howev- Rabbi Cary Kozberg members of the comdifferentiated, impervious to er, given the times we munity (the Golden Calf, chron- emotional sabotage. live in, we are probably more This also applies to a leader. ic complaining, the response to critical/cautious of Pinchas than the spies’ report). As persons of emotional maour ancestors were. turity and integrity, both the • A desire to seek a quick Still, an authentic desire kosher zealot and true leader fix (“let’s go back to Egypt!”). to better understand the text Rather than focus on fundamen- understand necessary decishould have us consider other sive action may at times seem tal change, the people created perspectives. One such perunreasonable. Both accept full an ideal atmosphere for demaspective may be gleaned from responsibility for — and othgoguery. the late rabbi/psychotherapist For Friedman, these phenom- ers’ reactivity to — unpopular Edwin Friedman’s 1999 book, A ena create an atmosphere in decisions and actions. Pinchas Failure of Nerve: Leadership in the which decisive leadership can provided what Moses could no Age of the Quick Fix. longer offer. and will be sabotaged by those Friedman writes that variWhile we moderns may take being led — exactly what hapous institutions in our society pened to Moses: although called issue with Pinchas’ unreason— from family units to govable response, the Torah porGod’s most faithful servant, ernment — often demonstrate Moses eventually lost his nerve. trays him acting out of integrity, a pervasive “highly reactive preventing the disintegration of Despite his decisive leaderatmosphere,” characterized ship, reactive episode after reac- the people. From our (reactive?) by “a regressive mood that tive episode after leaving Egypt perspective, it isn’t clear that he contaminates decision-making acted correctly. From God’s perapparently eroded his confiprocesses.” spective, however, his integrity dence and his integrity. Moses This description also seems served to strengthen the emomay have begun as a well-difto fit the emotional profile of ferentiated leader — clear about tional integrity of the people. the generation of the Exodus. He was rewarded accordingly. his goals, and able to modify Certainly, that generation was a his own reactivity to keep from The proof that the integrity of reactive, anxious, and emotiondrowning in the collective anxi- the community improved? After ally regressive group if there Pinchas acted, the reactive erupety swirling about him. ever was one. Just consider the tions from the people ceased. Unfortunately, he came to


Torah Portions Shabbat Candle Lightings July 7, 8:49 p.m.

July 1, Chukat (Num. 19:1-22:1) July 8, Balak (Num. 22:2-25:9)

July 14, 8:46 p.m.

July 15, Pinchas (Num. 25:10-30:1)

July 21, 8:41 p.m.

July 22, Matot-Masei (Num. 30:2-36:13)

July 28, 8:35 p.m.

July 29, Devarim (Deut. 1:1-3:22)

Beth Jacob Congregation Traditional Rabbi In Residence Adam Rosenthal Saturdays 9:30 a.m., Sundays 8 a.m., Sunday through Friday, 7 p.m. 7020 N. Main St., Dayton. 274-2149. Temple Anshe Emeth Reform 320 Caldwell St., Piqua. Call Eileen Litchfield, 937-5470092, Correspondence address: 3808 Beanblossom Rd., Greenville, OH 45331. Temple Beth Or Reform Rabbi Judy Chessin Educator/Rabbi Ari Ballaban Summer lay-led services Fridays at 6:30 p.m. with ‘preneg’ at 6 p.m. 5275 Marshall Rd., Wash. Twp. 435-3400. Temple Beth Sholom Reform Rabbi Haviva Horvitz See Web site for schedule. 610 Gladys Dr., Middletown. 513-422-8313. Temple Israel Reform Senior Rabbi Karen Bodney-Halasz Rabbi/Educator Tina Sobo First Friday each month 6 p.m. followed by Share Shabbat meal. All other Fridays, 6:30 p.m. Saturdays 10:30 a.m. 130 Riverside Dr., Dayton. 496-0050. Temple Sholom Reform Rabbi Cary Kozberg Fridays 6 p.m. 2424 N. Limestone St., Springfield. 399-1231.


Tammuz/Av Fast of the 17th of Tammuz July 11 Commemorating numerous calamities that fell on the Jewish people on this day, this fast is observed from dawn until dusk. Among the calamities were the breach of the walls of Jerusalem by the Babylonians in 586 B.C.E. and by the Romans in 70 C.E. Marks the beginning of the Three Weeks, a period of mourning for the destruction of the First and Second Temples in Jerusalem, culminating on the Ninth of Av.


Beth Abraham Synagogue Conservative Rabbi Joshua Ginsberg Cantor/Dir. of Ed. & Programming Andrea Raizen Monday through Friday 6:50 a.m. & 5:30 p.m. Fri., 5:30 p.m. Sat. 9 a.m. Sundays at 8:30 a.m. 305 Sugar Camp Circle, Oakwood. 293-9520.

Chabad of Greater Dayton Rabbi Nochum Mangel Associate Rabbi Shmuel Klatzkin Youth & Prog. Dir. Rabbi Levi Simon. Beginner educational service Saturdays 9 a.m. adults, 10 a.m children. Sundays 9 a.m. 2001 Far Hills Ave. 643-0770. Yellow Springs Havurah Independent Services 1st & 3rd Saturdays, 10-noon. Antioch College Rockford Chapel. Contact Cheryl Levine, 937-767-9293.


Our Family Serving Your Family


HIAS fights back

Continued from Page Seven security threats from radical donors. In 2016, the group exIslam. ceeded its fundraising goal by The group has attempted For More 25 percent. to assuage those concerns by “The silver lining of Trump describing the vetting and reThan 90 coming into the presidency has settlement process for refugees Years been the uptick in a sense of and drawing a parallel between urgency and an uptick in activ- today’s refugee crisis and the ism,” said Rabbi Jennie Rosenn, plight of European Jewry in the vice president of community 1930s. engagement for HIAS. “There “As we explain the very are rabbis and other community rigorous vetting processes that leaders who were more relucare already in place, that goes a Funeral Homes, Inc. tant before to take stands or say long way in reassuring people,” Pre-need Arrangements things that were quote-unquote Rosenn said, as does “remindPre-paid Funeral Trusts political, who after the election ing people that throughout hisCremation Services • Transfers have been less cautious.” tory, Americans have been fearNorth Main Chapel HIAS is championing an ful of refugees, and reminding 1706 N. Main Street issue of particular consensus in folks that people didn’t want to Huber Heights Chapel the usually frac5844 Old Troy Pike welcome Jews.” tious American HIAS is The group’s For Both Locations Call 275-7434 Jewish commupublic profile is championing an nity. a shift from its The Jewish issue of particular strategy durorganizational ing previous consensus in the refugee crises, world, with the Zionist said American usually fractious LICKLER UNERAL OME Organization of Jewish historian America among American Jewish Hasia Diner. REMATION ERVICE the few excepAs Jews in community. tions, opposed the 1930s faced the refugee ban rising antisemitic persecution in nearly unanimously. (ZOA Europe and restrictive immigraincluded HIAS in what it called tion laws in the United States, an “unholy consortium of HIAS lobbied federal and local Jewish and anti-Israel groups” governments and published ignoring the potential of ISIS pro-refugee pieces in the media. sympathizers among Syrian The efforts secured some Larry S. Glickler, Director refugees.) refugees a place in the country, Dayton’s ONLY Jewish Funeral Director But Rosenn said HIAS has but were of little avail to many still encountered opposition to others who could not get visas refugees, especially in commu- from an unsympathetic govern1849 Salem Avenue, Dayton, Ohio 45406-4927 nities she called “inward lookment. (937) 278-4287 ing,” based on concerns about Back then, said Diner, the Jewish community was largely made up of working-class immigrants. And decades before The Dayton Jewish Observer New & Renewing Voluntary Subscribers • May 10 - June 12 the civil rights movement, public protest was not in vogue. Now, she said, following the Mr. Joseph Litvin Renewing Angels William Marwil Betty & Don Chernick massive Women’s March in Beverly Louis Michael & Karen Weprin David Rothschild Mrs. Melvin Crouse January and a range of other Dr. David & Joan Marcus Elaine B. Rothstein Dr. & Mrs. Scot Denmark public actions, HIAS would be Suzi & Jeff Mikutis New Angels Sharon & Dale Schiff Tara & Adam Feiner remiss not to take to the streets. Irvin & Gayle Moscowitz Mr. & Mrs. Steven Horenstein Harriet Shpiner Mr. & Mrs. Bruce Feldman “It’s a different America Ron & Sue Nelson Perry Lubens Mrs. Evelyn Solgan Esther & DeNeal Feldman we’re talking about,” said Myrna Nelson Carole & Donald Marger Robert A. Solgan Lynn Foster Diner, a professor at New York Sis & Phil Office Dr. & Mrs. Joel Tobiansky Sylvia Stevens Dr. Eric Friedland Helene Perez Eugenie Williams Gaglione Family University. “I’d be shocked if Richard & Roberta Prigozen Double Chai Sheryl Zawatsky Drs. Felix & Erika Garfunkel they weren’t engaging in that John & Sharyn Reger Alan & Elyse Berg Rabbi Joshua Ginsberg & Hazzan kind of protest because that’s Russ Remick Arthur Carne Current Guardian Angels Jenna Greenberg become a civic norm.” Cherie Rosenstein Marti & Marty Jacobs Howard & Judy Abromowitz Debby & Bob Goldenberg HIAS officials hope the era of Steven & Barbara Rothstein Ted & Linda Jarvis Groundskeeper Landscape Group Kim & Shelley Goldenberg opposition won’t last long and Jan Rudd-Goenner Joseph Litvin Marilyn & Larry Klaben Judi & George Grampp at some point the group can Felice & Michael Shane Ronni & Marc Loundy Laurence A. Lasky Art & Joan Greenfield again focus on finding refugees Susan L. Smith Fred G. Scheuer Life of Riley Landscape (Mark Seitz) Dr. & Mrs. Stephen Harlan food and shelter. Whenever that Dr. Marc & Maureen Sternberg Emalee Weisman Dr. & Mrs. Nathaniel Ritter Bea Harris happens, HIAS hopes the Jews Steve & Shara Taylor Ed & Roberta Zawatsky Robert & Vicky Heuman Col. Jeffrey Thau, USAF, (Ret.) & Current Angels Sylvia & Ralph Heyman that have come out to protest Rina Thau Subscribers Ken Baker, K.W. Baker & Assoc. Steve & Rachel Jacobs will still be behind it. David Verson Rabbi P. Irving Bloom George & Ruth Barnett & Family Dr. & Mrs. David Joffe “This is not something that’s Julie & Adam Waldman & Family Oscar Ellison Skip & Ann Becker Dennis Kahn & Linda Ohlmann going away,” Nezer said. “The Kathleen Wassenich Mark & Kathy Gordon Mr. & Mrs. Joseph Bettman Kahn refugee crisis is not going away. Judith & Fred Weber Jeff & Esther Green Amy & Michael Bloom Joyce Kardon Millions of people who hadn’t Dr. Judith Woll & Ron Bernard Ramon Harris Hy & Sylvia Blum Susan & Stanley Katz thought about it before are now Joan Isaacson Buck Run Commercial Doors & Kim Kwiatek Thank you for your aware of it and want to help. I Dr. Bernice Klaben Hardware Inc. Gabriele & Todd Leventhal can’t imagine that will stop.” Jerome J. Krochmal Larry & Cindy Burick Laurie & Eddie Leventhal generous support.



G &C

Charles M. Kardon, age 88 of Sarasota, Fla., formerly of Dayton, passed away May 26. After graduation from The University of Illinois in 1950, Mr. Kardon joined the U.S. Air Force. He arrived in Dayton in 1952 as an officer at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base. He finished active duty in 1955 and entered the life insurance business. He was one of the founders, past partner and secretary of Miami Valley Pension, a member of and past president of Dayton Chapter of CLU and ChFC, Dayton Association of Life Underwriters, the Ohio Association of Life Underwriters, and served on the boards of the Miami Valley





Estate Planning Council and the Dayton Estate and Trust Group. He was also a past member of the Dayton Charitable Planning Council. Mr. Kardon taught CLU and ChCF courses for 30 years and was an adjunct professor in the Financial Services Department at Wright State University. He was active in the Dayton community as past chairman of the board of the Dayton Jewish Community Center, past chairman of the Board of the Metropolitan YMCA of Greater Dayton, past member of the board of the Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton, and a past board member of Temple Israel. He was also a past Temple Israel Foundation trustee and past board member of the Good Samaritan Hospital Foundation. Mr. Kardon was preceded in death by his parents, Louis and Rebecca (Susler) Kardon. He is survived by his wife of 51 years, Joyce (Rosensweet) Kardon; children, Charles B. Kardon, Beth (Steve) Pomerantz, Nancy (Scott) Tashman, David (Linda) Beerman and Martin (Karlynn) Beerman; brother Sol (Melinda) Kardon; and many beloved and adored grandchildren, nieces and nephews. Interment was at Riverview Cemetery. Memorial contributions may be made to Temple Israel or the YMCA of Greater Dayton.



Critical mass

Early settlers in Palestine They point out that Judaism at the turn of the 20th century also depends on dedication were a receptive critical mass to community, vision, innovafor Ben-Yehudah’s ideas. Just tion, and Torah. They illustrate as important was the critical that Judaism’s imperative to mass of routine exposure and improve the world depends on repetition that established Jews living ethically and influIn 722 B.C.E., the Assyrians righteous people. Hebrew as a modern living encing others to do the same. under Sargon II conquered the “The point here seems to language in one generation. They testify to the importance Northern Kingdom of Israel and be that goodness must reach a Like exposure and repetiof Jewish learning that is both scattered tens of thousands of critical mass in order to offset authentic and meaningful. their Israelite captives through- the evil around it,” Rabbi Carla tion, drilling, rehearsing, and training in critical-mass doses In other words, if our goals out the far-flung Neo-Assyrian Freedman concludes in her esare fundamental to learning. are to nurture and cultivate Empire. say, The Education of Abraham. Aspiring physicians demour — or our children’s — JewPrevented from congregating Just as significant numbers onstrate critical mass learning ish selves and build a Jewish or maintaining their ways, the of dedicated, communal-living and clinical practice before befuture, we shouldn’t risk piIsraelite tribes that were forcibly Jews offset Babylonia’s pervageonholing ourselves or others resettled assimilated into the sive influences toward assimila- ing awarded a degree, and as clinicians they must continue with adjectives — cultural, tion, only significant numbers to engage with the knowledge Relief of Assyrian King Sargon II at spiritual, academic, Torah, cucommitted to ethical behavior and tasks in regular and mean- ancient Dur Sharrukin, Khorsabad, Iraq linary, synagogue, atheist, ethican influence the goodness of ingful ways to maintain and cal, religious, secular, liberal, Candace R. society. Just two years after replanttraditional — one identity that Critical mass has also dramat- improve their competence. Kwiatek The same concept may be ap- ing with better varieties, my excludes even the possibility of ically influenced female rabbinic plied to math skills or computer garden is teeming with greenothers. leadership. Beginning inforery, and I haven’t had to weed proficiency, reading or sewing Rather, we should aspire mally in Europe in the early yet. or biking. Facility can only be to be serious Jews, actively local cultures and came to be 19th century and then gaining What do these reflections gained and maintained through engaged with multiple facets known as the Ten Lost Tribes. adherents and official recogniof Judaism in ways that are When Babylonian King Netion throughout the 20th, female a critical mass of active engage- on critical mass contribute to understanding Jewish identity, ment. personally relevant, authentic, buchadnezzar II conquered the rabbis are now mainstream in Jewish families, and menMy garden offers another meaningful, creative, diverse, same lands — along with Jeruliberal traditions. schlichkeit? They reinforce facet of critical mass. Despite often comfortable, and just as salem and the Southern KingWith various titles of rabbi, the notion that Judaism isn’t planting hundreds of my importantly, occasionally chaldom of Judah 140 years later — rabba, and maharat, they are solely a religion or a people or a lenging. favorite Ohio hardiness-zone he too exiled the captives. even increasing within “open” culture or a land or a history or perennial flowers, grasses, Every facet won’t appeal But the Babylonian conquermodern Orthodoxy, a direction an ethical philosophy, but rather equally, but every experience and groundcovers, I was still ors allowed the Israelites of that Elana Sztokman describes a fusion that should encourage replanting and weeding large entered thoughtfully will enJudah to settle together in com- in the Forward as “a bizarre courage growth. munities. There, they revived historic twist in which organiza- swaths of open space each year. wonder and discovery. They demonstrate that raw numbers A friendly horticulturist noted Above all, critical mass is imand refocused Jewish tradition, tions seem to be racing against created a new national identity one another to demonstrate the that I’d included enough plants — a critical mass of community portant, so engage regularly and and rooted them well, but many members, program attendees, frequently. It takes a lot of seeds and a new religion with the greatest commitment to womweren’t the appropriate species financial donors or dollars to sprout into strong Jewish Torah — not the Temple — as its en’s advancement in religious themselves — are only part of for my soil and sun combinaidentities, flourishing communicenterpiece. The core of today’s Judaism.” the Jewish story. tion. ties, and long-lived legacies. rabbinic Judaism emerged in Revival and renewal of INDEPENDENT LIVING + ASSISTED LIVING + REHABILITATION + SKILLED NURSING + SHORT TERM STAYS Babylon. Hebrew as a modern spoken INDEPENDENT LIVING + ASSISTED LIVING + REHABILITATION + SKILLED NURSING + SHORT TERM STAYS What accounts for the diflanguage introduces another INDEPENDENT LIVING + ASSISTED LIVING + REHABILITATION + SKILLED NURSING + SHORT TERM STAYS ference in these two outcomes? perspective on critical mass. Critical mass. Credited with the renaissance The concept of critical mass of Hebrew, Eliezer Ben-Yehudah In Montgomery County by the first appears in Jewish thought instituted a multi-pronged apDepartment of Aging InOhio Montgomery County by the when Abraham bargains with proach of teaching and reinforcfor Family Satisfaction! In Ohio Montgomery County the Department of by Aging God over the fate of Sodom and ing Modern Hebrew at home Ohio of Aging forDepartment Family Satisfaction! Gomorrah. Their dialogue conand in school while simultanefor Family Satisfaction! cludes with God’s agreement to ously developing vocabulary to save the cities for the sake of 10 be used in everyday speech.

Back to Basics Series


Literature to share Front Lines by Michael Grant. Well-crafted, gritty, and realistic, this lengthy World War II historical fiction for young adults imagines the wartime experiences of three female soldiers — Jewish, African-American, and Californian — who want to enlist, each for her own reasons. Grant portrays vivid combat scenes and wartime atrocities alongside authentic expressions of racism, antisemitism, and sexism of the era. Although a bit dark, Front Lines is action-packed and filled with strong characters, believable dialogue, and historical accuracy, all of which make it a fully engaging winner. The Light We Lost by Jill Santopolo. This modern love story draws the reader into the characters’ lives. The passion and lingering spice of first love, the comfort and security of a loving family, the allure and challenge of a loved professional life all converge to create a vortex of conflicts and choices, setting events in motion that lead to an unforgettable ending that is perhaps just another beginning. Compelling, realistic, and haunting. Strongly recommended.


The compassionate care and clinical competence you deserve! The compassionate care and clinical competence you deserve! The compassionate care and clinical competence you deserve!



The wonderful Gal Gadot Thanks to our lead sponsors for helping to make the festival such a success! Businesses The Levin Family Foundation Fort Washington Investment Advisors Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton Ohio’s Hospice The Ohlmann Group Bethany Village • Burke Orthodontics • Economy Linen eGreen Roofing Solutions • Fidelity Health Care Hart Restoration Services • Quanexus • Rieck Services Brady Ware & Company • Buck Run Doors • Burhill Leasing Dayton Children’s Medical Center • Friendship Village Groundskeeper of Ohio • Neurology Diagnostics


Anonymous • Tom and Juli Bainbridge • Kay Cohen Courtney and Chad Cummings • Mitchell and Sara Faust John and Elaine Gaglione • The Goldenberg Family Rabbi Karen Bodney-Halasz and Scott Halasz Wendy and Jeff Horwitz • Joan and Charlie Knoll Amy Margolin and family • Stuart Rose • The Saldoff Family Andy and Sue Snow • Bart and Linda Weprin


A&A Safety • Bernstein’s Catering • Butler County Warbirds, Inc. Compost Dayton • Dorothy Lane Market • El Meson • Evans Bakery Graeter’s Ice Cream • Houser Asphalt • LOGIK • MikeSells Nail Art • Noble Staffing Solutions • The Ohlmann Group P&R Comunications • Pasha Grill • Premier ProduceOne ProSource • Shumsky • Smokin’ Bar-B-Que • Total Element Salon Up and Running • Peggy Weller • Katherine Cooper

See you next year on June 10

130 Riverside Drive • Dayton, OH 45405 • PAGE 18

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Gal Gadot at the Warner Bros. Pictures premiere of Wonder Woman at the Pantages Theater in Hollywood, Calif., May 25

By Steve Lipman New York Jewish Week Fifty years ago, in the wake of Israel’s lightning victory in the Six-Day War, a poster circulated in the Jewish community showing a Chasid in a telephone booth, outfitted in a Supermanish costume. Today, the most celebrated Israeli in this country is also a superhero. And she’s a real sabra (native Israeli). Gal Gadot, one-time Miss Israel, supermodel, high school basketball player, IDF combat instructor and law student, is the star of Warner Brothers’ Wonder Woman film, which opened to warm reviews (“a runaway hit with critics,” wrote The New York Times) and huge box office sales. Now, the 32-year-old native of Rosh HaAyin — already a household name on the shores of the Mediterranean — is quickly gaining an international reputation. “She has become a symbol” of Israel’s success in the arts, said Jonathan Sarna, professor of American Jewish history at Brandeis University who is now on sabbatical in Israel. “She kind of leaped to the top” of Israelis known outside of the political-military realm. “She has gotten tremendous attention here in Israel,” Sarna said of Gadot, who is an outspoken defender of her homeland, where the film’s premiere here drew large crowds. Wonder Woman tells the story of a princess, trained to be an unconquerable warrior, who leaves her home to use her superpowers, fighting alongside men, to stop a massive conflict that is raging in the outside world. In Tel Aviv, the Azrieli Towers were lit up with the message, “We are proud of you Gal Gadot, our Wonder Woman!” A sabra’s success on the world stage is a statement that “we can now compete with the big guys,” Sarna said. “The timing,” in this 50th anniversary year of


Jerusalem’s reunification, “couldn’t be better — a reminder (of a time when) Israel was so frequently compared to Superman.” Israel, the Los Angeles Times reported, has been reacting to the new fame of its native daughter “with the endearing, if persistent, solicitousness of a boy who can’t stop telling you how proud he is to be invited to his big brother’s highschool basketball championship.” “It’s hard for everybody here to understand that Gal is not ours anymore,” said Dorit Ishay, vice president of theatrical distribution for Globusmax, which is handling the movie’s release in Israel. “She is the world’s.” Gadot, granddaughter of Holocaust survivors, is an emerging Israeli star, with a detectable Israeli accent, who often posts in Hebrew on social media. She said in a 2011 interview that her IDF background probably helped her land the role of Gisele Yashar in the Fast & Furious franchise. “I think… (director) Justin Lin liked that I was in the military, and he wanted to use my knowledge of weapons.” Gadot’s success has predictably attracted some hostility in BDS (boycott, divestment and sanctions) circles. A Tunisian court has banned the showing of Wonder Woman because Gadot served in the IDF. Tunisia joins Lebanon, which banned the screening of the film as part of its ban on all Israeli products. The film also has initiated minimal buzz in Israel’s haredi neighborhoods, where going to movies is frowned upon. Wonder Woman posters — in which Gadot appears in a skimpy costume judged immodest by strict Orthodox standards — are not to be found in those neighborhoods, Variety reports. Gadot’s fame, or notoriety, is sure to spread this year. She’ll reprise her Wonder Woman role in the ensemble Justice League film, scheduled for release in November. THE DAYTON JEWISH OBSERVER • JULY 2017

Cheese & herb savory rugelach

A Healthy Alternative We Use The Best Ingredients Prepared Fresh Daily

By Shannon Sarna, JTA Samantha Ferraro of The Little Ferraro Kitchen doesn’t just make delicious rugelach — she makes rugelach in varieties such as cheese and herb, cherry pistachio, and pumpkin candied pecan. I can vouch for the deliciousness (and ease) of this recipe since I recently got to spend time in her kitchen in Seal Beach, Calif., where she taught me how to make her creamy, flaky dough and cut them like a pro, using of all things, a pizza cutter. Samantha Ferraro’s Cheese and Herb Rugelach For the dough: 8 oz. cream cheese, room temperature 1/2 lb. unsalted butter, room temperature 1/4 cup freshly grated Parmesan cheese 2 Tbsp. lemon zest 2 cups flour, sifted For the filling: 12 oz. ricotta cheese, drained 2 heads of garlic, roasted 1 sprig of each: rosemary, oregano and thyme (or your favorite fresh herbs), removed from stems and chopped finely Salt and pepper, to taste 1 egg, whisked Sea salt To caramelize garlic, cut each head in half and wrap halves in tin foil. Roast garlic in the oven at 400 degrees for about 30 to 40 minutes or until the garlic is tender and caramelized. When done, remove from oven and allow to cool to room temperature. To make the dough, use a stand mixer and beat together the cream cheese and butter until creamy on medium speed. Then add Parmesan cheese and lemon zest and continue to mix until incorporated. With the mixer on low speed, slowly add in the sifted flour and mix just until combined. Use a spatula to scrape the bottom of the bowl to make sure everything is incorporated. Dump the dough onto a well-floured surface and roll into a ball. Cut the ball in quarters and

CJ CHAN 536 Wilmington Ave. Dayton, OH 45420 937-259-9866

2ND LOCATION! 2747 W. Alex Bell Rd. Moraine, OH 45459 * Hot Pot Available * 937-259-8882

Samantha Ferraro’s Cheese and Herb Rugelach

wrap each quarter in plastic a circle, then use a knife to cut wrap. Refrigerate for at least 30 a perfect circle. Save scraps to minutes or in the freezer for 15 roll out later. minutes. Spread two tablespoons of For the filling, mix together cheese mixture onto the dough the ricotta cheese, chopped in a thin layer, leaving a border. herbs and caramelized garlic. Then cut the circle into eighths. Make sure to remove the soft Roll the rugelach by starting cloves by squeezing the bulb at the outer end of the triangle and adding the soft garlic and roll in making a little crescloves to the cheese mixture. cent shape. Season with salt and pepper Place all rugelach end-side and set aside. down on a lined baking sheet Take one dough ball out and brush tops with egg wash of the fridge (leaving others and sprinkle each rugelach chilled until ready to use) and with salt. R E S TA U R sea AN T on a well-floured surface, roll it Bake at 350 degrees for about out using a floured 15 to 18 minutes The perfect place for rolling pin. Roll until lightly golden it out to about 9your graduation party. brown. inches in diameter. When done, Large party reservations welcome •remove Private rooms Use a round from oven object (a cheese- 5331 Far Hills Ave., Centerville and allow to cool (937) 434-4750 • cake pan works to room temperawell) and outline ture.


Mon-Thu: 10:30 am-10 pm Fri-Sat: 10:30 am-10:30 pm Sun: 11:30 a.m-10 pm



hand-crafted pizzas and much more

R E S TA U R A N T A small, neighborhood restaurant with a friendly atmosphere and high-quality, delicious food. Large party reservations welcome • Private rooms 515 Wayne Ave. in beautiful Downtown Dayton 937-496-5268 Monday-Saturday 11am – 10pm Closed Sunday

5331 Far Hills Ave., Centerville (937) 434-4750 •

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Thanks! BMB

Observer mascot Bark Mitzvah Boy


Где Вы? Вы нужны нам! Вы приехали в Дейтон из бывших республик Советского Союза? Если да, мы хотим связаться с Вами!

Where are you? We need you!

Did you come to Dayton from the former Soviet Union? If so, we want to hear from you! In August 2017, the Jewish community will celebrate the 28th anniversary of Operation Exodus and the Soviet Jewry resettlement in Dayton. A committee, chaired by Joe and Elaine Bettman, is planning a reunion to bring together those who came to Dayton for a new beginning and those volunteers who welcomed them. Please contact Shay Shenefelt at 937-401-1551 or with your contact information: name, phone number, mailing address and email - if you either: - Arrived from the former Soviet Union in the late 1980s or early 1990s – a new Daytonian! - Are a child, grandchild, or great grandchild of a “new Daytonian.” We want to invite all generations to participate in this wonderful celebration!

Jewish Community Center Jewish Federation Jewish Foundation Jewish Family Services ®


Celebrating Our Legacy; Envisioning Our Future 2 0 1 7 A N N U A L M E E T I N G for the JEWISH FEDERATION & ITS AGENCIES

WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 16 @ 6PM Boonshoft CJCE (525 Versailles Dr., 45459)

As we reach the culmination of our 100 Days of Tikkun Olam, please join us in honoring the legacy of Covenant House and Covenant Manor. In addition we will honor community volunteer award recipients and elect and install our 2017-2018 Board of Directors and Officers for all of our agencies. COVENANT MANOR DEDICATION


Please visit our website to see a listing of board nominations for the Jewish Federation and its agencies. Please call 937-610-1555 if you need a hard copy of these documents or to make reservations.