Page 1

Israeli Chambers of Commerce: ‘We want to buy from you’

p. 2 September 2017 Elul 5777/Tishri 5778 Vol. 22, No. 1

Published by the Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton

The Miami Valley’s Jewish Monthly • Online at



Ron Kampeas

White supremacists march in Charlottesville, Va., Aug. 12

Susannah Heschel at UD

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‘We’re bringing you the news that there are beautiful days ahead, of light and sparkling happiness, the world is about to be renewed!’ Yiddish postcard, circa 1910. Translated for The Observer thanks to Rukhl Schaechter, editor, Yiddish Forward.

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Israeli Chambers of Commerce: ‘We want to buy from you’ Photos: Marshall Weiss

L’Shanah Tovah The residents & staff of Friendship Village wish you a Sweet New Year.

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Saturday, Sept. 16, 2-4 p.m. A delicious variety of flavors and toppings. Enter at Door #1. Social will be held at the Courtyard Patio.

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By Marshall Weiss The Observer The Dayton Area Chamber of Commerce signed its fourth international memo of understanding — with the Federation of Israeli Chambers of Commerce — in a ceremony at the Business Solutions Center on July 21. “In our 110 years, the chamber has only had four of these such associations in all of our history,” said Dayton Area Chamber of ComDayton Area Chamber of Commerce Pres. Phil Parker (L) signs merce President Phil Parker, “and this is one a ceremonial memo of understanding with Federation of Israeli of Commerce Pres. Uriel Lynn (Center) and its that we really appreci- Chambers CEO, Dan Carmely, on July 21 at Business Solutions Center ate and that we take very seriously, and that United States twice more than it buys. we’re very proud of.” Out of Israel’s total imports, 54 percent Its other international MOUs are with comes from the European Union and Osaka, Japan; Zagreb, Croatia; and Sara- only 12 percent from the United States. jevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina. “I felt I could contribute a great deal Signing the MOU for the Israeli by coming here and saying, ‘We don’t Chambers was its president, Uriel Lynn, want to sell you anything, we want to and CEO Dan Carmely. buy from you,’” Lynn said. Lynn and Carmely visited Dayton as For the Israeli Chambers’ two-week part of a two-week tour of the United American tour this year, Lynn and States to encourage American compaCarmely focused on the Midwest and nies to export their products to Israel. South; stops also included Atlanta, “We found that we need to put efNashville, Chicago and Milwaukee. fort into changing the balance of trade Co-hosts for the event with Daybetween the United States and Israel,” ton’s chamber were the Dayton Region Lynn said. “Our buying power is $100 Israel Trade Alliance and the Jewish billion, and the total two-way trade Federation of Greater Dayton. DRITA between the U.S. and Israel in the last is a collaborative of the City of Dayton, six years was ranging from $26 billion to Montgomery County, and the Dayton $29 billion, not growing, just ranging at Development Coalition. that level.” For most of the Dayton program, Lynn, who drafted Israel’s Bill of Lynn and Carmely explained to local Rights in 1992 when he served in the business leaders the ins and outs of Knesset, said that Israel sells to the Continued on Page Four

Friday, Sept. 22, 5 p.m. In The Atrium Dining Room $10 per person. R.S.V.P. to 837-5581 Ext 1274.

Join our Diabetic Support Group Tuesday, Sept. 12, 10:30 a.m. & 6 p.m. (2nd Tuesday each mo.) with Gem City Home Care Certified Diabetes Educator Mara Lamb. For more information call Pam Hall, 837-5581 ext. 1269. Friendship Village (L to R) Federation of Israeli Chambers of Commerce CEO Dan Carmely and Pres. Uriel Lynn meet with Obi’s Scott Stone and Paradigm Industrial’s Ashley Webb on July 21 to help their Dayton-based businesses distribute products in Israel

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DAYTON Marshall Weiss

Facing key anniversaries, veterans safeguard legacies of freedom, warnings against prejudice JWV Post 587

tration camp — has By Marshall Weiss trained about a dozen The Observer docents to lead tours If ever there were of the exhibit. a need for Holocaust “It has an impact education, this is the because our goal was time. With the new to make it — ‘These school year, about two people are your dozen middle and neighbors,’” Frydhigh school groups man said. “In the from as far away as early years, people Indiana and Kensaw their pictures and tucky will likely visit recognized them. And Prejudice and Memory: that is a very powerA Holocaust Exhibit, on ful thing to know, that display at the National you knew them. And Museum of the U.S. it still is.” Air Force in Fairborn. Just as powerful is The museum averwhen someone feaages between 800,000 tured in the exhibit or and 1 million visitors another local person each year, who also with a connection to see the Holocaust disthe Holocaust is able play when they walk to meet the students. from the World War With each passing I to the World War II year, fewer and fewer hangar. remain. This year marks the But among the 20th anniversary of most active exhibit Prejudice and Memory, docents are members and the 18th year it Volunteer Ira Segalewitz tells students about his of Dayton’s Jewish has been on permanent display at the Air experiences during the Holocaust in front of the Prejudice War Veterans Post and Memory exhibit, on permanent display at the National 587: Joe Bettman, Force museum. It’s Museum of the U.S. Air Force Henry Guggenheimer, also the 150th anniverand Ira Segalewitz. sary of the establishDayton Holocaust Committee, Guggenheimer and Segalewitz ment of the Dayton Veterans initially curated Prejudice and survived Nazi Europe, and BetAffairs Medical Center. Memory as a mobile exhibit. It tman is a past president of the Veterans and their descenwas one of the first Holocaust Jewish Federation of Greater dants in the local Jewish comexhibits in the United States to munity have taken up the focus on local survivors, libera- Dayton. “Whenever they need me I charge to keep the history tors, and Righteous Gentiles. come over and lead the tours lessons of freedom — and warnFrydman, who collected all around,” said Guggenheimer. “I ings about prejudice — alive for the artifacts for Prejudice and those who are willing to listen. Memory — including a uniform give them a talk, we lead them around through the exhibit and Renate Frydman, chair of the from the Buchenwald concen-

The Adventures of

Bark Mitzvah Boy

From the editor’s desk



There’s no place like home for the Challah Days . . .


Yiddishe Llama c O 2017 Menachem

In case you didn’t notice, our friends on the cover seem to be aloft only through the power of their hopes, and the cheer they spread for the Jewish New Year. Marshall The gentleman’s steering wheel Weiss doesn’t appear to be attached to anything, and there’s no motor to keep them flying. Even so, I thought our readers might enjoy this vintage Yiddish postcard since we’re here in the Birthplace of Aviation. Thanks go to my colleague Rukhl Schaechter, editor of the Yiddish Forward, for translating the message on the card. “Piece of cake!” She remarked when I sent it to her. But with the surge of hate in our midst, how is it possible to talk about “beautiful days ahead,” “light and sparkling happiness,” and a “world about to be renewed?” We can’t just wait for better times. With help from above, it’s our responsibility to do all in our power to renew the world. L’Shanah Tovah.

we give them our own story, what happened to us, and they ask questions. They always thank me for giving the talk. They appreciate it.” He noted that parents join the middle and high schoolers on the trips now and then. “Sometimes it’s the first time they (the parents) have heard about it, and they’re very interested in it.” Judith Wehn, chief of the museum’s education division, was there when the exhibit arrived. “We were happy to host it because of the incredible interest we had in it, and it stayed,” she said. “It’s not just the students who have had the opportunity to see it, but also any visitor that Continued on Page Seven

Prejudice and Memory: A Holocaust Exhibit Curator Renate Frydman with then U.S. Air Force Museum Dir. Maj. Gen. Charles Metcalf (Ret.) when he announced the exhibit would be on permanent display at the museum, April 28, 1999.

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Israeli chambers L ive on Stage at the L oft theatre in D owntown Dayton


Continued from Page Two exporting their products to Israel; the two offered their personal help and expertise to facilitate the process. Afterward, they met with Dayton area businesses ready to crack the Israeli market. Scott Stone, vice president of customer experience for Obi, demonstrated its dining robot, which feeds those who are unable to feed themselves, at their own pace. According to Montgomery County Economic Development Director Pam Fannin, who also coordinates the Dayton Region Israel Trade Alliance, a few weeks after Stone’s demonstration, the Israeli Chambers identified a company in Israel that reached out to Obi for possible distribution.

Israeli military finance seminar music by ANDREA DALY • words by JEFF BIENSTOCK • story by JEFF BIENSTOCK and ANDREA DALY

Sep 7 – oct 1, 2017




N ov 2 – 19, 2017

Feb 1 – 18, 2018



M Ay 31 – J uN 17, 2018

A pr 5 – 22, 2018

DRITA’s next project will be a statewide foreign military finance seminar with the Israel Ministry of Defense on Tuesday, Sept. 12 from 8:30 a.m. to 3 p.m. at the Dayton Masonic Center. Fannin said the seminar will include time for one-on-one meetings with the Israeli delegation. “IMOD officials will talk about the need for new vendors in aerospace, advanced manufacturing, software, UAS, ground-based vehicles, defense, security and more,” Fannin said. “Israel purchases approximately $1 billion worth of manufactured products each year from U.S. companies to meet their security needs. Ohio companies will learn how to access this opportunity.” To register for the free seminar, contact Fannin at 225-6140.

Israeli start-up adds more local smart water stations Pam Fannin/DRITA


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Proofreaders Rachel Haug Gilbert, Pamela Schwartz Billing Jeri Kay Eldeen, 937-853-0372 Observer Advisor Martin Gottlieb Published by the Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton David Pierce President Judy Abromowitz Immediate Past Pres. Bruce Feldman President Elect Todd Bettman Officer Dr. Heath Gilbert Officer Beverly Louis Officer Mary Rita Weissman Officer Cathy Gardner CEO The Dayton Jewish Observer, Vol. 22, No. 1. The Dayton Jewish Observer is published monthly by the Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton, a nonprofit corporation, 525 Versailles Dr., Dayton, OH 45459. Views expressed by guest columnists, in readers’ letters and in reprinted opinion pieces do not necessarily reflect the opinion of The Dayton Jewish Observer, The Dayton Jewish Observer Policy Committee, the Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton or the underwriters of any columns. Acceptance of advertising neither endorses advertisers nor guarantees kashrut.

• To provide announcements, news, opinions and analysis of local, national and international activities and issues affecting Jews and the Jewish community.

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A pril 1 9– M Ay 13, 2018

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Woosh Water Systems co-founder and CEO Itay Tayas-Zamir (L) returned to Dayton in August to launch smart water stations at Dayton Children’s Hospital, Dayton’s City Hall, and the Job Center. Last year, the Dayton Region Israel Trade Alliance helped Tel Aviv-based Woosh secure funding from Dayton, Montgomery County, and Sinclair Community College to beta test its indoor water stations at Sinclair. Woosh now has 25 outdoor water stations in Miami Beach. Shown with Tayas-Zamir at Dayton City Hall’s Woosh station is Dayton City Manager Shelley Dickstein.

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DAYTON Hadassah opens with Young Judaea student Daytonian Daveed Abrams, 19, will talk about his Young Judaea gap-year program in Israel for Dayton Chapter of Hadassah’s opening meeting at 2 p.m. on Sunday, Sept. 10 at the Boonshoft Center for Jewish Culture and Education, 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville. Hadassah will also screen the docudrama The Hope: The Rebirth of Israel at the meeting. Israeli-style refreshments will be served. The cost is $5 per person. R.S.V.P. to Dena Briskin at 275-0227.


We Wish The Dayton Jewish Community A Happy, Healthy, And Sweet New Year. L'Shanah Tovah.

Community Selichot service with chorale Beth Abraham Synagogue, Temple Beth Or, and Temple Israel will host a community Selichot service at 8:45 p.m. on Saturday, Sept. 16 at Temple Israel, 130 Riverside Dr., Dayton. The program will begin with a reception, followed by the prayers of repentance at 9:15 p.m. featuring the Dayton Jewish Chorale, led by Cantor Jenna Greenberg. For more information, call Temple Israel at 496-0050.

Introduction to Judaism course


2017 • 5778

The Synagogue Forum of Greater Dayton will present its 16-session course, From Door to Door: Introduction to Judaism, on Tuesdays at 7 p.m. beginning Oct. 16. The annual class opens Dayton’s synagogues to anyone interested in Jewish learning, dialogue, and exploration. From Door to Door offers an in-depth look at Judaism from Conservative, Orthodox, Traditional, and Reform perspectives. Course instructors are rabbis from Dayton’s synagogues; class sessions also rotate among the congregations. The registration fee is $75 for a single or couple and includes books and materials. For more information or to enroll, contact Rabbi Judy Chessin at 435-3400.

Jewish Genealogical society meeting

Tips for Getting Started in Jewish Genealogy will be the topic of the Dayton Jewish Genealogical Society’s meeting at 11:30 a.m. on Sunday, Sept. 10 at Temple Israel, 130 Riverside Dr., Dayton. R.S.V.P. to Molly Blumer at jmblumer@hotmail. com to attend.

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Susannah Heschel to deliver Gutmann lecture at UD, Sept. 26 If your tradition at Passover is to include an orange on your Seder plate, you have Dr. Susannah Heschel to thank. More than 30 years ago, Heschel first added the orange, to champion inclusion of gays, lesbians, and all Jews who are marginalized. Heschel, chair of the Jewish studies program at Dartmouth College, will present the University of Dayton’s Gutmann Lecture in Jewish Studies at 4 p.m. on Tuesday, Sept. 26. Her topic is The Many Facets of Prophetic Politics in Modern Jewish Thought. A scholar of Jewish feminism, Jewish views of Islam, Nazi Germany, and the intersection of Jewish and Christian biblical scholarship in Germany of the 19th and 20th centuries, Heschel is the daughter of the late theologian and scholar Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heschel. “I was very close to my father. He was a wonderful father. Very engaged, very involved,” Heschel says. “I’m an only child, and I went everywhere with my parents.” Heschel’s parents met in Cincinnati. Her mother, Sylvia Straus, a concert pianist from

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Cleveland, had moved to Cincentury, Geiger was the founder cinnati to follow her teacher. of Reform Judaism; he made the Heschel’s father had fled scholarly case that Jesus was Nazi Europe with the help of a Pharisee and taught nothing Hebrew Union College Presioriginal, a position that infurident Julian Morgenstern, and ated German Protestant theolotaught at HUC in Cincinnati gians of the time. before joining the faculty of Heschel says she first learned Jewish Theological Seminary about Geiger from her father in New York in when she was a 1946. child. “I grew up In her 2008 in a deeply book, The Aryan religious, a Jesus: Christian rather conTheologians and servative and the Bible in Nazi old-fashioned Germany, she environment,” writes about says Heschel, German Protwho adds that estant theoloshe wasn’t one gians in Nazi to rebel against Germany who her family’s redefined Jesus religious and as an Aryan, scholarly legacy. and who in 1939 “One of the established the Dr. Susannah Heschel questions was Institute for whether I could the Study and wear loafers. I wanted to wear Eradication of Jewish Influence loafers instead of solid shoes. on German Religious Life. But beyond that, not really, no. The Aryan Jesus uncovers I was especially interested in the Nazi affiliations of German things that were Jewish. Typical Christian theologians whom teenagers like rock music, but her father knew personally or I didn’t. Although my parents whose work he had read. didn’t want me to listen to rock “When I was growing up, my music, I didn’t want to, either.” father’s friends were all EuroShe says her mother gave her pean Jewish refugee scholars, a love of classical music. and the book that was most fre“My mother had piano trios, quently discussed was a book piano quartets at our home all by Max Weinreich called Hitler’s the time. And I loved that.” Professors. Everyone was talking Her father died when she about this or that professor, was a teenager. From him, she scholars whose books they had says, she learned everything read who had become a Nazi.” — “How to think, how to feel, At present, Heschel is writhow to be a mensch, how to be ing an article on the impact of Jewish.” World War I on German biblical Over the years, Heschel scholarship about the prophets. has translated and published “The general tendency of several of her father’s writings. scholarship from the 19th cenHis life’s work and experiences tury well into the 20th century have inspired her own. was to look at the prophets as Her 1998 book, Abraham ecstatics, people who were havGeiger and the Jewish Jesus, won ing a state of ecstasy,” Heschel a National Jewish Book Award says. “It was that issue that for Jewish-Christian Relations. dominated the scholarship to A German rabbi of the 19th the point that the actual teachings of the prophets — the ethical teachings, the teachings Dr. Susannah Heschel will against war crimes, the univerpresent the University of salism of the prophets — were Dayton Gutmann Lecture in issues they ignored, so that the Jewish Studies at 4 p.m. on emphasis on ecstasy overrode Tuesday, Sept. 26 in Sears the lessons they might have Recital Hall, first floor of learned from the prophets durthe Jesse Philips Humanities ing the First World War.” Center. The program is free and open to the community.

— Marshall Weiss


DAYTON National Museum of the U.S. Air Force

Veterans Continued from Page Three comes through. And we regularly find people seated there watching the videos that are available.” The videos are drawn from the Faces Of The Holocaust series of interviews with local survivors, liberators and Righteous Gentiles produced by Frydman through Wright State University. “Many of the students that come to us for these programs are about the same age as they were (those featured in the exhibit) when this horrific situation existed,” Wehn said. “And so, all of a sudden, the students start to put themselves in that place a little bit, and realize what that truly meant.” The Holocaust exhibit has also become the focus of WrightPatterson Air Force Base’s Holocaust Remembrance Day, which began three years ago. “We have offered that program with speakers, and then people have a chance to visit the exhibit themselves,” Wehn said. “In many cases, this is something that was missed in their own high school curriculum.” Wehn added that approximately 15,000 viewers streamed this year’s Wright-Patt Holocaust program through the museum’s Facebook page. “The outreach continues with that program and how important it is to be integrated into our Air Force story,” Wehn said. “Also, it’s part of the Air Force story because of the terror flyers towards the end of the war, the Allied air forces that were shot down were taken to the concentration camps, not the POW camps. There were 186 captured Allied airmen of whom 82 were Americans, and they went to Buchenwald.” Frydman recalled that museum director Metcalf would explain to anyone who questioned why the museum accepted the

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Prejudice and Memory: A Holocaust Exhibit has been on permanent display at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force for 18 years

Holocaust exhibit: “This is what we were fighting the war for — to free Europe.” Over her years shepherding the exhibit, Frydman has seen an overall increase in Holocaust education in area schools. “We have a lot of teachers in the region who believe that the study of the Holocaust helps combat prejudice and bullying,” she said. “That’s why they decide to teach it: even if we can get one child in each group to be less prejudiced, less bullying, less mean to others, more respectful.” “All of us who volunteer at the museum look at it as an honor,” said Steve Markman, past commander of JWV Post 587, and current JWV commander for the state of Ohio. The retired aerospace engineer has volunteered to restore planes at the museum since 2006. His major project has been helping to restore the Memphis Belle, one of the first U.S. Army Air Forces heavy bombers to return to America after completing 25 missions over Europe in World War II. Markman has helped recreate the wooden fittings such as its doors from original factory drawings. It’s set to go on public display in May. JWV members who also give tours in various galleries at the museum are Leslie Buerki and Bert Cream. JWV Post 587

Dayton VA 150th

At the Dayton Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Bonnie Beaman Rice and Judge Walter H. Rice are spearheading its 150th anniversary celebration: Walter is president of the American Veterans Heritage Center, the non-profit that is organizing the 150th fund-raiser; Bonnie is on the executive committee, and co-chairs the event with Cindy LaPointe-Dafler. “It’s an 1867 garden party and the entertainment is going to be an old-time traveling show,” Bonnie Beaman Rice said of the event, to be held Sept. 9 at 4 p.m. at the VA’s Grotto and Gardens. “The VA was really a big tourist destination around the turn of the century. It attracted thousands of people out to the grounds, with a theatre, a petting zoo, a lake with crocodiles in it.” The American Veterans Heritage Center, she added, has helped the VA’s master gardeners restore the grotto, gardens and chapel, and was instrumental in having the Dayton VA designated as the site for the VA’s national archives. “Part of the AVHC mission is to honor veterans’ service, to heal them, and this is such a beautiful campus that we have with the gardens now and the chapel,” Rice said. “It’s really a healing, spiritual place for people, especially soldiers who are dealing with difficult memories, and to provide a home for them. There are veterans living on campus still.”

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JWV Post 587 members who volunteer at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force (L to R): Bert Cream, Joe Bettman, Ira Segalewitz, Dept. of Ohio Commander Steve Markman, Leslie Buerki, and Henry Guggenheimer.

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To schedule a school tour of Prejudice and Memory: A Holocaust Exhibit at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force, go to nationalmuseum. Hands-On/Holocaust/. For more information about the American Veterans Heritage Center and its 1867 Garden Party, go to

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Somber, but not defeated

were looking out for us even though they could not be seen. And they were An interview with Charlottesville temple’s asst. rabbi & her husband at the congregation for Shabbat services By Marc Katz frayed nerves and plan what on Saturday (a week Gutherz. Special To The Observer they might do to avoid future later). “Our congregation is in a Charlottesville clergy, includ- process of healing that will take confrontations. “We are talking ing Rabbi Educator Rachel Charlottesville’s Congregawith them about time,” she said in an interview Schmelkin of Congregation tion Beth Israel is just a block what we can do in the with The Observer a week after Beth Israel, prepared for the from where a car ran into a future.” the hate march. worst prior to the Aug. 12 Unite counter-protesting crowd Aug. As for the letter “At the same time, our conthe Right march through their posted by the congregregation is stronger than ever. 12, and on the route where town, and remained busy sevThis past Friday night, we were hundreds of protesters marched gation’s president, eral days following the confron- bursting at the seams, standwith torches and weapons, from Rachel said, “that is tation. baseball bats to guns, the night from an individual ing room only at our Shabbat Rachel, from Cincinnati and congregant and not services. We have an incredibly before. a graduate of Indiana UniBuilt in 1882, Beth Israel is the synagogue’s ofresilient community here in versity and Hebrew Union the oldest Jewish congregation ficial statement.” Charlottesville.” College-Jewish Institute of Relibuilding still in use in Virginia, The congregation The congregation serves gion, is related to the Feldman, about 400 households. and one of the oldest in the held Friday night serFoster, and Moscowitz families country. Beth Israel congregants vices at its building In addition to meeting of Dayton. She has been in and property were not harmed. on the eve of the hate with congregants as part of Charlottesville for about a year, her normal duties, Rachel has “Things did change through- march, then moved On the day of the Unite the Right hate rally, serving with Senior Rabbi Tom met with city officials to calm out the day,” said Rachel’s hus- about two miles to Aug. 12 in Charlottesville, Va. (R to L): Cong. band, Geoff, who attends the St. Paul’s church on Beth Israel Rabbi Educator Rachel Schmelkin, University of Virginia graduate the University of her mother, Ellen Drake, and Rachel’s school of business and law. “But Virginia’s campus for husband, Geoff with what happened Friday an interfaith service, night, it was pretty clear to evattended by an overflow crowd removal of statues),” Geoff said. “They came for much more.” erybody what type of situation of an estimated 1,000 people. Beth Israel had already hired our town was headed toward.” Geoff attended both services Not sure of what would hap- with his wife and said it wasn’t security, a change from normal pen when permits were taken fearful, as it would become Sat- operations that has required out by the right-wing hate urday, but “there was a threat in the synagogue to request online contributions to help pay the groups earlier in the summer, the air.” Geoff said his congregation The Schmelkins were also in bill. “We have to expect a high secured extra security for the lock-down at St. Paul’s on camchance these groups want to weekend, just in pus for about a come back,” Geoff said. case, especially He could half hour after “One thing the ‘alt-right’ since the conthe interfaith see gangs of might not have counted on is gregation wasn’t service Friday protestors certain what night as demon- the community of Charlotteskind of help it strators — alleg- ville coming together.” holding flags of At one point on the Saturwould obtain edly protesting day afternoon of the march, a from local police. Neo-Nazis, Neothe removal of An initial Confederates, and Civil War stat- friend called the Schmelkins and asked them to help take a report from the ues — clashed wounded woman protesting the president of the the KKK walking with students. demonstrators to the hospital. congregation on right by the On the day Geoff said the woman had to a blog indicated of the march, synagogue be carried to their car, and was the CharlotGeoff said contransferred to a wheelchair at tesville police gregants went the hospital. He was too preocdeclined to provide officers through their normal Shabbat cupied to notice what injuries to protect congregants while service starting at 9 a.m., and she had, or who she was. worshiping Saturday morning. didn’t really see what was They also spent time helping But according to JTA, Charlotgoing on outside their buildshocked residents gathering tesville City Manager Maurice ing, since the windows in their at the First United MethodJones later refuted that claim. sanctuary are all stained glass, ist Church near where the car “Police stationed an offiand high on the walls. rammed into the crowd. cer on the corner of the block “Everyone who showed up By Monday, Rachel was where the synagogue is located, that day knew we were taking a plus another 32 officers about stand of some sort,” Geoff said. in full recovery mode. The one block away in the other “It was different than a normal congregation has Bar and Bat Mitzvahs scheduled, along with direction,” Jones said in a state- Saturday morning.” weddings, and is preparing for ment to JTA, adding that law When they moved to the the High Holy Days. enforcement placed snipers on main hall for Kiddush, where “I was in the synagogue after a rooftop nearby to monitor a the windows are clear and the demonstrations,” Geoff two-block radius which includ- lower, Geoff said he could see said. “The phones were ringed Beth Israel, and that Virginia gangs of protesters holding ing off the hook. We’ve never State Police walked a route that flags of Neo-Nazis, Neo-Conpassed the synagogue that day federates, and the KKK walking had to deal with anything like on several occasions. right by the synagogue, armed, this before. The synagogue is busier than typical. The mood “Sometimes perception is in groups of 20 to 30. is pretty somber, but definitely different from reality,” Rachel “They didn’t come for what said. “The police said they they intended to do (protest the not defeated.”

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Today...and for Generations PAGE 10

THE WORLD Ron Kampeas

Hate in Charlottesville The day the Nazi called me Shlomo

Holding Nazi flags, white supremacists march at a park in Charlottesville, Va., protesting the removal of a statue of Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee, Aug. 12

By Ron Kampeas, JTA CHARLOTTESVILLE, Va. — The white supremacists, for all their vaunted purpose, appeared to be disoriented. Some 500 had gathered at a park here Aug. 12 to protest this southern Virginia city’s plans to remove a statue of Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee from the park. Pressured by the American Civil Liberties Union, Charlottesville had allowed the march at Emancipation Park — or Lee Park, the protesters’ preferred name. That worked for an hour or so, and then the protesters and counterprotesters started to pelt one another with plastic bottles — it was unclear who started it. Gas bombs — mildly irritating — seemed to come more from the white supremacists. Finally the sides rushed each other headlong and there were scuffles. So Virginia Gov. Terry McAuliffe declared a state of emergency and, heeding the police, the white supremacists filed out of the park and started walking, north, but to where no one seemed sure. There was talk of meeting at a parking lot, but which parking lot, no one was sure. As they approached the Dogwood Vietnam Memorial, a bucolic hill overlooking an overpass, they sputtered to a stop for consultations and did what marchers on a seasonably warm day do: They sat on the grass, sought shade and chatted. I had been following at a distance with a handful of journalists and folks who were there not so much to counterprotest but to deliver an alternative message. Zelic Jones from Richmond bore a poster with a saying by Martin Luther King Jr., “We must accept finite disappointment, but never lose infinite hope.” I climbed the hillock to see if anyone would be willing to talk. On the way, the marchers had studiously ignored reporters, but I thought, at rest, they might be more amenable. It was not to be. One man, wearing black slacks, a white shirt, sunglasses and black baseball cap, shadowed me. He moved to stand between me and anyone I had hoped to interview. I looked him directly in the eye. “How's it going, Shlomo?” he asked.

“My name is Ron,” I said. I hadn’t identified myself as Jewish. “You look like a Shlomo.” “You want to talk?” I offered. “I don’t talk to the press,” he said. “They just lie.” He scampered away. The exchange was jarring in how personal it was. I've been hated directly for many things (try being a journalist, anywhere), but it had been a while since I'd faced visceral hatred just for, well, looking Jewish. A year ago I had attended at a hotel in Washington, D.C., the unveiling of the “alt-right,” convened by one of its lead theorists, Richard Spencer, who also was in attendance in Charlottesville. That news conference — an expression of white supremacy argued in plummy tones that disguised its hateful content — was at a remove from the hatred stalking the streets of Charlottesville Aug. 12. Spencer was polite and helpful after the fact. His ideas are toxic, but in the airless corridors of a Washington hotel, they seemed denuded of malice; they seem to be the imaginings of an intemperate toddler. Here in Charlottesville, the hatred was present and real and would before the day ended apparently kill someone, when a car driven by a 20-year-old Ohio man plowed through counterprotesters. Among the 500 white supremacists were men and women bearing signs like “Goyim know!” (Know what?) and “Jews are satans children.” There were Nazi flags. There were men all in black, T-shirts and slacks and army boots and helmets, jogging along with plastic shields. There were the men who sang of “blood and soil” as they marched to the Emancipation Park event. And when the white supremacists got their act together and gathered in McIntire Park, they shouted “Jew” every time the name of Charlotteville's Jewish mayor, Michael Signer, was mentioned. Of course, the hostility was not confined to Jews: As targets, Jews were not even preeminent; blacks were. There were the “White lives matter” T-shirts.


THE WORLD Marching along McIntire Road, the white supremacists shouted the N-word at drivers passing by. More prominent than the Nazi flags were the Confederate flags and their variants. The focus on Jews was anomalous: This was supposed to be about the Confederacy and Southern heritage, and defenders of the Southern cause are not always identified with hostility toward Jews. About an hour's drive away, Richmond’s Hollywood Cemetery, a Confederate monument, has a carefully tended Jewish section. And yet here it was, the chants of “Jews will not replace us” (as?). I had two more personal encounters. At the Dogwood Vietnam Memorial, a man wearing a floppy beige sunhat started following me and explaining the lie of the Holocaust, the evil of the Jews, the value of DNA in determining purity. I retreated as he ran after me, screaming, “My mother says I'm a Jew! My MOTHER! Does that mean I'm entitled to something?” And earlier, filing out of Emancipation Park, a group of youths surrounded and shouted at me, “Take that wall in Israel down! An open border for everyone!” — a reference to a popular theory on the far right that Jews are engineering open borders to bring the United States to ruination while keeping Israel pure. They moved on. And then the car rammed the crowd, and there was a fatality, and some 35 injured, including five critically, and it was harder to pick out the absurd and use that as a way of keeping an emotional distance from the hate speech. I counted the wounded, rushed by stretchers into the back of ambulances, the less seriously injured patched up with torn cloths, leaning on friends’ shoulders and wincing. I retreated to a cafe that was open only to clergy and the media dispensing free water and beer. I filed a story, and on the large wall TV, CNN said President Donald Trump was ready to speak. The cafe fell silent. “We condemn in the strongest possible terms this egregious display of hatred bigotry and violence, on many sides.” At “on many sides” the room erupted into shouts of anger. On cue, Trump repeated, “On many sides.” There was only one side visibly and overwhelmingly gripped by hate on Aug. 12 in Charlottesville.

American mayors’ group, ADL announce agreement to combat hate By Ben Sales, JTA NEW YORK — The mayors of America's largest cities are launching a partnership with the Anti-Defamation League to combat hate and bigotry. Nearly 200 mayors — including Dayton Mayor Nan Whaley — have joined the agreement, which was announced Aug. 18, since it was first circulated Aug. 15 among the U.S. Conference of Mayors. The mayors are agreeing to explicitly condemn racism, white supremacy and bigotry, and to implement educational and public safety programs to safeguard vulnerable populations and discourage discrimination. “For decades, America’s mayors have taken a strong position in support of civil rights and in opposition to racism and discrimination of all kinds,” the Mayors’ Compact reads. “We are now seeing efforts in our states and at the highest levels of our government to weaken existing civil rights policies and reduce their enforcement. We have seen an increase in hate violence, xenophobic rhetoric, and discriminatory actions that target Muslims, Jews, and other minorities.” The compact sets out a 10-point program that includes publicly condemning bigotry; ensuring public safety while protecting free speech; training and funding law enforcement to enforce hate crime laws; working with community leaders to

combat bigotry; and strengthen- tin, Texas, who has volunteered sues, including the removal of Confederate monuments from for the ADL in the past, said ing anti-bias education procities and how to strike a balduring the call that “mayors grams in schools. don’t need a teleprompter ance between protecting civil Many of the points liberties while guarding against to say Nazis are bad.” echo a plan of action “There's a clear lack of incitement and threats to public that the ADL called a moral compass,” Mayor safety. Tom Cochran, CEO of the on the White House Shane Bemis of Gresham, mayors’ conference, said policy to adopt following on how to deal with ConfederOre., a city of 100,000 the white supremaate memorials should be left up east of Portland, said on cist rally in Charlotto individual cities. the call. “This shouldn't tesville, Va., and “This discussion is not about be a surprise to anyone, President Donald monuments,” he said in the how he has continued to Trump's response, call. “This conversation is about divide us since the elecwhich the ADL and ADL National Dir. Jonathan coming together to denigrate all tion. It is clearly, in my many others have Greenblatt acts of hate wherever they ocview, an absence of any slammed. cur, and making sure we protect sort of moral leadership from “The events in Charlottespublic safety while making sure the president.” ville once again showed us we that the right to free speech will But mayors were divided have much work to do to bring always be protected.” Americans together,” said Jona- on a couple of contentious isthan Greenblatt, the ADL's national director on a conference call with reporters. “We know Wishing you and your family a wonderful New Year! that hate is on the rise. ADL can't wait any longer for the president to act. ADL is ready to work with communities across the country to combat hate.” The announcement of the compact comes during a highprofile time for the ADL, which combats antisemitism and bigotry. The group received $1 million donations from Apple and 21st Century Fox CEO James Murdoch, and announced a partnership with Bumble, a dating app, to block bigoted profiles. Other mayors also portrayed the compact as a response in part to the president's equivocation of white supremacists and those who oppose them. Steve Committee to Re-elect Debbie Lieberman, Marty Moore, Treasurer, 3630 Berrywood Drive, Dayton, OH 45424 Adler, the Jewish mayor of Aus-

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A guide to the far-right groups that protested in Charlottesville

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By Ben Sales, JTA Here’s a guide to a few of the most They believe the “white race” is in prominent hate groups who showed up danger. They believe the United States in Charlottesville. was built by and for white people and must now embrace fascism. They believe Vanguard America minorities are taking over the country. James Fields joined this relatively new And they believe an international Jewish fascist white supremacist group at the conspiracy is behind the threat. rally. On the homepage of its website, These are the people who rallied in Vanguard America declares that “Our Charlottesville. The Unite the Right rally people are subjugated while an endless Aug. 12 saw hundreds of people on tide of incompatible foreigners floods this America’s racist fringe converge in denation.” fense of a statue of Confederate General The group trumpets the concept of Robert E. Lee and brawl with counter“blood and soil,” an idea championed protesters. The rally ended after a white by the Nazis claiming that the inherent supremacist, James Fields, rammed his features of a people are the land it lives car into a crowd of counterprotesters, on and its “blood,” or race. In addikilling one woman and injuring at least tion to opposing multiculturalism and 19. Two police officers also died when feminism, Vanguard America's manifesto their helicopter crashed while monitorcalls for a country “free from the influing the rally. ence of international corporations, led by The rally was the a rootless group of Ron Kampeas largest white suinternational Jews, premacist gathering which place profit in a decade, accordbeyond the interests ing to the Antiof our people, or any Defamation League, people.” but it wasn’t the According to the work of one extremADL, the group has ist group or coaliposted dozens of flition. Spearheaded ers on campuses in by a local far-right at least 10 states. Its activist named posters bear slogans Jason Kessler, the like “Beware the Inrally saw several ternational Jew” and White supremacists rally in Charlottesville, racist, antisemitic “Fascism: The next and fascist groups, Va., Aug. 12 step for America.” new and old, come This year, the group together. defaced a New Jersey Holocaust memoAccording to the Southern Poverty rial with a banner reading “(((Heebs will Law Center, which tracks hate groups, not divide us))).” Its signs at the Charlotthe rally included “a broad spectrum teville rally bore the fasces, a traditional of far-right extremist groups — from fascist symbol depicting a bundle of immigration foes to antisemitic bigots, sticks with a protruding axe blade. neo-Confederates, Proud Boys, Patriot and militia types, outlaw bikers, swastiKu Klux Klan ka-wearing neo-Nazis, white nationalists One of the country’s oldest and most and Ku Klux Klan members.” infamous hate groups, the Klan has priMany of the attendees, says the ADL’s marily targeted black people, along with Oren Segal, were young men who Jews, Catholics and other minorities. The became radicalized on the internet and KKK throughout its history has been were not affiliated with any particular responsible for lynchings, bombings, group. While some protesters belonged beatings and other racist acts of murder to the “alt-right,” a loose movement of and abuse. racists, antisemites and nativists, others Group members have historically were part of older white supremacist worn white hoods to hide their identities groups like the Ku Klux Klan. and to mimic ghosts. Its leaders, includAt the rally, protesters were seen ing white supremacist activist David carrying Nazi and Confederate flags, as Duke, take on bizarre titles such as grand well as signs with racist and antisemitic wizard and exalted cyclops. slogans. They chanted “Sieg heil,” gave The KKK was founded by ConfederNazi salutes and shouted the N-word at ate veterans following the Civil War to passers-by. harass black people, and at its height in “They really believe they have to the 1920s it had some 4 million members, save the white race, and to do that, according to the SPLC. An ADL report they have to achieve some sort of white this year said the Klan has shrunk to ethno-state,” Segal said. “They tend to about 3,000 total members spread across be young, more frenetic in terms of their 40 groups in 33 states, mostly in the use of social media, while older more South and East. traditional groups like the Klan are in “This represents a turning point for the decline. Regardless of differences, it’s all people of this country. We are determined the same hate.” to take our country back,” Duke said in a THE DAYTON JEWISH OBSERVER • SEPTEMBER 2017

THE WORLD video at the Charlottesville rally. “We’re going to fulfill the promises of Donald Trump. That’s what we believed in. That’s why we voted for Donald Trump, because he said he’s going to take our country back, and that’s what we got to do.” Identity Evropa A new group that affiliates with the alt-right, Identity Evropa seeks to promote “white American culture,” and also has posted fliers on college campuses. The group, which works with white supremacist pseudo-intellectual Richard Spencer, claims there are inherent differences among races and that white people are more intelligent than others. Identity Evropa sees itself as “identitarian,” a far-right European ideology seeking to reassert white identity. The group supports a policy of “remigration” of immigrants out of the United States. Some of its posters bear the slogan “You will not replace us,” a chant that Charlottesville protesters paired with “Jews will not replace us.” League of the South If the rally’s proximate goal was to preserve the statue of Lee in Charlottesville, the most obvious participants were the League of the South, a neo-Confederate group. The organization supports Southern secession from the United States and “believes that Southern cul-

ture is distinct from, and in opposition to, the corrupt mainstream American culture.” The group envisions a Christian theocratic government that enforces strict gender norms. It opposes immigration as well as Islam. League of the South defines the “Southern people” as being of “European descent,” calls itself “pro-white” and states that it “has neither been the will of God Almighty nor within the power of human legislation to make any two men mechanically equal.” Duke gave the keynote address at one of the organization’s gatherings this year. According to the SPLC, the group founded a paramilitary unit in 2014. National Socialist Movement America’s version of the Nazi Party is a white supremacist organization that would either deport “non-whites” — including Jews — or strip them of citizenship and subject them to a discriminatory regime (the group’s manifesto proposes both). The group is also anti-feminist and homophobic. The National Socialist Movement idolizes Adolf Hitler, whom it says “loved and cared deeply for the average person.” Until about a decade ago, the group would protest in full Nazi regalia, which it has swapped out for black uniforms. Its crest features a swastika superimposed on an altered version of the Stars and Stripes.

Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images

racist, antisemitic rally. But they are divided on whether physically attacking white supremacists is justified simply because they are white supremacists. Some have celebrated the antifa activists for standing up to hate. But others have condemned them alongside neo-Nazis for engaging in violence. And on Aug. 15, Trump appeared to equate Protesters and counterprotesters clash at Emancipation Park in them with the rabble of white supremacists, Charlottesville, Va., Aug. 12 branding antifa the “alt-left” and saying “there’s blame on The group that fought white both sides.” supremacists in Charlottesville Here’s what you need to know about antifa, the loose network that fights fasBy Ben Sales, JTA cists on the streets. Is it OK to punch a Nazi in the face? That’s the question animating much of the discussion of the white supremaAntifa was born from groups that cist rally in Charlottesville, Va., Aug. 12, fought the original fascists. which quickly devolved into a brawl In 1934, Milwaukee police arrested between rally-goers and a contingent of three leftists who infiltrated a pro-Nazi anti-fascist counterprotesters known as meeting and began scuffling with supantifa. Following the clashes, a white su- porters of Hitler. The leftists were part of premacist rammed his car into the coun- a group of several hundred anti-fascists terprotest, killing Heather Heyer, 32. who entered the meeting, broke it up Leaders and activists across the specand pelted the keynote speaker with rottrum — except President Donald Trump ten eggs. The melee ended only after 100 Continued on next page — have unequivocally condemned the

What to know about antifa

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age to do so, the demonstrations Jews play a significant role in do not get violent until confron- the movement because “we’re tations are provoked.” fighting Nazis and antisemitism Continued from previous page It has no formal organization police arrived to restore order. is the prime ideological viewor leadership structure. Some members are antiToday’s antifa (an abbreviapoint of Nazis.” Zionists. Like the Occupy movement tion of “anti-fascist action”) sees and Black Lives Matter, antifa Because antifa is so loosely itself as the ideological deAntifa has no problem with has no institutional structure constructed, it has no formal scendant of activists like these. fighting Nazis. ideological agenda beyond opAnti-fascist brawlers — many of or unified plan of action. Much Antifa has no qualms about of its activism comes through posing fascism. But the movethem communists, socialists or scuffling with white supremainformal collaboration around ment has roots in left-wing anarchists — began organizing cists. The group gained publiccertain cities or regions, and movements. Bray said members ity in February when it physiin the 1920s and ‘30s to oppose individual members taking may be part of other left-wing the rising dictatorships in Italy, cally fought “alt-righters” at initiative. activist groups, like the Occupy the University of California, Germany and Spain through Before antifa gets to physical movement, and subscribe to demonstrations and street Berkeley, during a speech by altercations with the far ideas popular in profights. The groups re-emerged “alt-right” provocateur Milo right, members will atgressive circles. in Europe in the ‘70s and ‘80s Yiannopoulos. Tussles with the tempt to prevent white The Torch Network, a far right have followed at other to combat white supremacists supremacists from group of antifa chapters, events. and skinheads, and the idea assembling or spreadincludes in its “points migrated to America, where “When Nazis are screaming ing their message. Bray of unity” opposition to groups were originally known epithets in our faces, should we said some antifa mem“all forms of oppresas “Anti-Racist Action.” just smile?” Sieradski asked. bers will pressure white sion and exploitation.” While it’s hard to pin down “They come into our towns and numbers on antifa in the United supremacists’ employ- Daniel Sieradski That includes fighting yell at us and threaten us and ers to fire them. “against racism, sexStates, members and experts say they want to kill us. Should Daniel Sieradski, a Jewish ism, nativism, antisemitism, say the movement has boomed we take that sitting down antifa member since the NoIslamophobia, homophobia, since Trump’s election. Mark because fascists deserve free transphobia, and discriminaBray, a lecturer on human rights vember presidential election, speech, too? When someone is said he and other activists try to tion against the disabled, the and politics at Dartmouth Colthreatening you with an existenpressure venues to cancel white oldest, the youngest, and the lege, estimates that there are a tial threat, you fight back. You most oppressed people.” The couple hundred antifa chapters supremacist events, and only don’t stand there and take it.” show up to counterprotest once group is also pro-choice. Unlike of varying sizes and levels of that fails. (Sieradski formerly the Black Lives Matter platform, Antifa has been criticized for activity across the country. it does not single out Israel or “The threat posed by the ‘alt- worked at JTA as director of its violent tactics digital media.) Zionism. right’ in the context of empowAntifa has garnered its share “I’ve always identified with Bray said that while antierment through Trump made a of liberal critics who say noththe spirit of the movement, Zionism is not a focus of antifa, ing — even neo-Nazism — justilot of people concerned about many members tend to be antifascist, neo-Nazi, white suprem- which is to challenge racists fies violence and the suppresacist violence,” said Bray, author when they come into your com- Zionist as part of their far-left sion of free speech. Critics also activism. Anti-Racist Action of the forthcoming book Antifa: munity and try to incite hatred say that antifa’s violence draws groups, he said, had taken part The Anti-Fascist Handbook. “They and violence,” Sieradski said. attention to the far right and “Every effort is made to prevent in anti-Zionist events in the turned to the Antifa model as allows white supremacists to the Nazis from showing up in past. one option to resist it. The opclaim they are acting in selffirst+place. Once they +manSieradski said, however, that tion INDEPENDENT of physicallyLIVING confronting defense. + ASSISTED the LIVING REHABILITATION SKILLED NURSING + SHORT TERM STAYS “They’re troubling tactiINDEPENDENT LIVING + ASSISTED LIVING + REHABILITATION + SKILLED NURSING SHORT TERM STAYS cally because conservatives use INDEPENDENT LIVING + ASSISTED LIVING + REHABILITATION + SKILLED NURSING + SHORT TERM+STA YS antifa’s violence to justify — or at least distract from — the vioIn Montgomery County by the lence of white supremacists, as Ohio Department of Aging Trump did in his press conferfor Family Satisfaction! In Montgomery County by the ence,” the liberal Jewish essayist Ohio Department of Aging Peter Beinart wrote in The Atlanfor Family Satisfaction! these groups has spread among the left and been normalized.”

Wishing You and Yours a Happy New Year

tic. “They’re troubling strategically because they allow white supremacists to depict themselves as victims being denied the right to freely assemble. And they’re troubling morally because antifa activists really do infringe upon that right.” Following the Aug. 12 rally, Anti-Defamation League National Director Jonathan Greenblatt tweeted “Whether by #AltRight or #Antifa, no excuses for violence and, keep in mind, this is exactly the response that the bigots seek to provoke.” Mark Pitcavage, an ADL senior researcher, said his group cannot condemn one side’s violence and condone the other. He added that the attention Charlottesville gained is also energizing the "alt-right" to hold more rallies. “I don’t know how you can put together a calculus of violence where some sort of act of violence is unacceptable if one group does it but if another group commits it, that’s acceptable," he said. "We’d just rather not see violence.” But Pitcavage added that right-wing violence has been far more destructive than antifa’s, which to his knowledge has not led to any deaths. According to a 25-year study by the Cato Institute, nationalist and right-wing terrorists have killed about 10 times as many people since 1992 as left-wing terrorists, which may or may not include those who identify with antifa. “That doesn’t mean that the sides are equal, the causes are equal,” he said. “It’s important to realize that their violence does in no way compare in numbers or severity to the farrightist violence in the United States.”

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114 people convert to Following terrorist attack, Barcelona's chief rabbi says his community is doomed Judaism in Nicaragua By Cnaan Liphshiz, JTA Commenting on deadly attacks in Catalonia, the chief rabbi of that region in Spain said his community is doomed, partly because of radical Islam and the alleged reluctance of authorities to confront it. Rabbi Meir Bar-Hen has been encouraging his congregants to leave Spain, which he called during an interview with JTA a “hub of Islamist terror for all of Europe,” for years before the attacks Aug. 17 and 18, he said. At least 13 victims and five suspected terrorists were killed in Barcelona and the resort town of Cambrils, 75 miles south of that city. “Jews are not here permanently,” Bar-Hen said of the city and region. “I tell my congregants: Don’t think we’re here for good. And I encourage them to buy property in Israel. This place is lost. Don’t repeat the mistake of Algerian Jews, of Venezuelan Jews. Better (get out) early than late.” A white van careered into crowds Aug. 17 on Las Ramblas, Barcelona's feted thoroughfare, when the street was packed with locals and tourists. Along with the fatalities, more than 100 were injured. The driver of the van fled on foot and was believed to be still at large. Police shot dead another man at a checkpoint Aug. 17. The Islamic State terrorist group claimed responsibility for that attack. Hours later, police killed five men during a raid in Cambrils

book festival. This showed auwhom police said were terthorities “do not understand the rorists planning an imminent nature of terrorism, if they treat attack. it as an action by the disenfranPart of the problem exposed chised,” Bar-Hen said. by the attacks, Bar-Hen said, is Ignoring calls to ban the visit the presence of a large Musby Khaled — book fair organizlim community with “radical ers hung posters of Khaled on fringes.” Once these people are main streets — Barcelona Mayor “living among you,” he said of terrorists and Carl Court/Getty Images Ada Colau Ballano of the their supportfar-left Barceers, “it’s very lona en Comú difficult to get party led the rid of them. passage in They only get April of a City stronger.” He Council resolualso said this tion condemnapplied to ing Israel’s Europe as a “violations of whole. international “Europe is Police officers patrol Las Ramblas law.” lost,” he said. On Aug. 18, Bar-Hen em- avenue in Barcelona after a carramming terrorist attack, Aug. 18 Colau Ballano phasized that wrote on Facebook: “Barcelona he was speaking as a private person and not for all the mem- is a city of peace. Terror will not make us stop being who we are: bers of his community. a brave city open to the world.” Displaying a defiant and She urged readers to show up at more confident attitude than a solidarity rally that day. Bar-Hen, the Federation of Angel Mas, founder of the Jewish Communities of Spain ACOM pro-Israel group, which issued a statement expressing “full confidence in security forc- protested Khaled’s visit, said it is “pure cynicism” by Colau es who work daily to prevent Ballano to claim to oppose terfanatics and radical Muslims rorism in light of her support from inflicting pain and chaos for Khaled “and other indion our cities.” viduals that support terrorist Bar-Hen also charged that authorities and some politicians causes,” as he phrased it. are reluctant to confront Islamist terrorism. He cited the government's decision in April to allow Leila Khaled, a Palestinian terrorist who was convicted in a plot to hijack an airplane in 1969, to enter the country for a

By Josefin Dolsten, JTA Over the course of a few days, the tiny Jewish community in Nicaragua more than doubled when 114 people converted to Judaism. In July, community members answered questions before a beit din, or religious court, of three Orthodox rabbis from Israel and the United States and immersed in a newly built mikvah in Managua, the Central American country's capital. Male converts underwent circumcisions or symbolic circumcisions if already circumcised. On July 23, following the conversions conducted at the Managua home of a community leader, 22 couples wed according to Jewish tradition in a Managua social hall rented for the occasion. Kulanu, a New York-based nonprofit group that supports communities around the world seeking to learn about Judaism, facilitated the conversions. “There was a great amount of trepidation in their faces and anxiousness because it was so important to them, and when they emerged from the mikvah the glow on their faces was amazing,” said beit din member Rabbi Mark Kunis, who was ordained at Yeshiva University's Rabbi Isaac Elchanan Theologi-

Wishing You A Happy 5778.

Bonita Sussman

Some of the 114 Nicaraguans who converted to Judaism in July

cal Seminary and works at the Shaarei Shamayim synagogue in Atlanta. At least half the candidates claimed Jewish ancestry, and most had been studying Judaism for at least five years — with some pursuing Judaism almost their entire lives, Kunis said. All the candidates except one family were accepted for conversion, and one of the beit din rabbis served as a Spanish translator, since most of the candidates could not communicate in English, he said. “I feel at home,” Even Centeno, 21, told JTA of having officially become Jewish. “This was for me like a dream.” Centeno is among the converts who trace their ancestry to Sephardic Jews forced to convert to Christianity during the Inquisition.

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Saturday, Sept. 16, 8:45 p.m. We will join Temple Beth Or, Temple Israel, and the Dayton Jewish Chorale for the service at Temple Israel, 130 Riverside Dr., Dayton.


Saturday, Sept. 30. A light meal following the Yom Kippur Neilah Concluding Service. R.S.V.P. Beth Abraham, Dayton’s only Conservative synagogue, is enthusiastically egalitarian and is affiliated with the United Synagogue of Conservative Judaism. Service Schedule: Mon.-Fri., 6:50 a.m. & 5:30 p.m. Sunday, 8:30 a.m. Kabbalat Shabbat, Fri., 5:30 p.m. Sat. Morning Service, 9 a.m.; Youth Service, 10:30 a.m.; Kiddush lunch following. For a complete schedule of our events and times, go to

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NY’s Orthodox expand to these towns, some residents unhappy By Ben Sales, JTA to raucous debates, vandalism and a AIRMONT, N.Y. — When Moshe lawsuit. Pinkasovits walks with his kids down Residents of Mahwah, a New Jerthe street on Saturdays in his new town, sey town southwest of Airmont, have he has to watch out for drivers shouting complained that the eruv breaks town orantisemitic slurs. dinances because supports that mark the The Pinkasovits family didn't face boundary are attached to public utility this problem in the neighboring town polls. Others have worried that a growof Monsey, a heavily haredi Orthodox ing haredi population will mean a large enclave in New York state, near the New group of residents who don’t support Jersey border. But since the family moved services like the public school system. six months ago to Airmont, a pastoral “I think people are reacting out of town next door, some residents have the unknown,” said Vince Crandon, a made it clear they don’t want religious Mahwah resident who claims the eruv Jews around. was erected illegally. “People will always Pinkasovits’ neighbor, another haredi say the worst when they are left without newcomer, has had eggs thrown in his information.” yard and found his mailbox bashed in. The Vaad HaEruv, or Eruv AssociaPeople have leaned out of car windows tion, expanded an eruv in the Monsey and shouted “f***ing Jew” at Pinkasovits area around the beginning of July. Much or just shrieked. of the eruv consists of existing telephone “What did we Ben Sales wires, but to make do wrong by being it kosher, the ashere?” his children sociation had to ask him. install PVC pipes But Pinkasothat reach from the vits isn’t leaving. bottom of the wire Despite the abuse, to the ground and he loves living in are affixed to teleAirmont, “in my phone poles. The own house with my pipes, called lechis, own backyard.” He act as posts for the hopes his non-Jeweruv. The Eruv AsA synagogue in Airmont, N.Y., where the ish neighbors will sociation pays for haredi Orthodox population has boomed as come to accept the families seek more affordable large houses their upkeep. new religious Jews The Eruv Asin town. sociation says it obtained the necessary And if they don’t? It’s only a matter permits from the utility company that of time before the Jews become a critical owns the telephone poles and installed mass, Pinkasovits says. the eruv under local police supervision. “It’s going to die out,” Pinkasovits said But the Township of Mahwah claims the of the antisemitism. “People are moving poles violate an ordinance that prohibhere because this is how we want to live. its placing signs on the poles, and has Everyone, they’re all going to move out. threatened to issue summonses and Wherever you look down the street, you demand that the poles be taken down. see ‘for sale’ signs hanging. I don’t mind On Aug. 11, the Eruv Association filed living between them, but I also don’t a lawsuit against Mahwah, with Pinkamind if they leave and I get more Jewish sovits as a plaintiff, claiming that the neighbors." demand to take down the lechis violates Pinkasovits is part of a wave of haredi residents’ civil rights. Orthodox Jews who have spread out The battle isn’t just legal. Mahwah from Monsey to the surrounding towns. residents, in addition to residents from The towns — green, quiet and spread out the neighboring town of Upper Saddle — offer the large families spacious homes River, have mobilized in opposition to at an affordable price. Like Pinkasovits, the eruv and what it represents. A petiharedi Jews who moved to the towns say tion opposing the eruv to “Protect the they just want to live their lives in a nice Quality of Our Community in Mahwah” place, just like their non-Jewish neighhas garnered 1,200 signatures. In late bors. July, 200 Mahwah residents gathered to But the haredi influx has led to friction protest the eruv. And a new organization with longtime residents. called Mahwah Strong, also against the The battle has coalesced around the eruv, has grown to around 3,000 memconstruction of an eruv — the artificial bers. boundary that, according to Jewish law, “We’re very diverse, and very incluallows Jews to push and carry objects sive, and we want people to come to outside their homes on the Sabbath and Mahwah. But if you come to Mahwah, holy days. The eruv crosses into New Jer- you do have to abide by the ordinances sey towns adjacent to Airmont in order of the town,” said Deborah Kostroun, to accommodate the growing religious Mahwah Strong’s spokeswoman. community and, while extending only Kostroun did acknowledge, however, a couple blocks over the border, has led that residents also were wary of how THE DAYTON JEWISH OBSERVER • SEPTEMBER 2017

THE WORLD a growing haredi population might change the area’s character. She pointed to the example of the nearby New York town of East Ramapo, where members of a booming haredi community were elected to the local education board and passed deep cuts in funding for the public schools, which hardly any haredi children attend. In 2015, after accusations of mismanagement, the Board of Education there was placed under state oversight. “There is a concern because of what is happening one mile away, five miles away, six miles away,” Kostroun said, referring to Monsey and East Ramapo. “Mahwah has one of the 10 best schools in the state, and property values are tied to how good the schools are.” Others have expressed their opposition in less savory ways. Beyond the abuse that Pinkasovits and his neighbors have endured, the PVC pipes have been vandalized, left cracked and broken. The online petition to “Protect the Quality of Our Community in Mahwah” was closed after 1,200 signatures because of several antisemitic comments. One referred to the “satanic verses of the Talmud.” But Crandon said he was skeptical that any comments left anonymously online were actually from Mahwah residents. “It’s very sad and I wish it wouldn’t have happened,” said Rabbi Chaim Steinmetz, who oversees the eruv. “It’s going to be a long way to fix the relations with all these towns. We have to fight the legal (battle) to get permission to put it up, but we have to have a good relationship with all these towns.” Airmont doesn’t seem the

place to cause a pitched ideological battle. The town of 25,000 has sloping, winding, tree-lined streets. It’s a stark contrast to Monsey, which has seen an increasing number of multifamily homes built as its population has grown more than 25 percent since 2000, according to census data. In Airmont, Jewish infrastructure already dots the town. Pinkasovits’ neighborhood has three official synagogues, plus another three or four unofficial minyans, or prayer groups, that meet in residents homes. One synagogue, the Congregation of Ridnik, about a 15-minute walk from Pinkasovits’ house, was erecting a fence as it planned to expand its sanctuary. The synagogue, attached to the back of its rabbi’s home on a residential street, is awaiting official approval for its expansion. “Nobody is here to take away their homes,” said Moishe Berger, the congregation’s rabbi, regarding the town’s residents. “Nobody is interested in big development. Everybody wants to keep the neighborhood quiet and nice, but we need places to live.” “For sale” signs dot the blocks surrounding the synagogue; three are on Pinkasovits’ cul-de-sac alone. They are a symbol of some haredi newcomers’ confidence that demographics will overwhelm whatever fights are happening now. “I’m not worried,” said Shalom Kass, the man whose house was egged. “They’ll be gone in a few months, I think. You know how many houses are for sale? Half my block is on the market. There won’t be that many people left to be upset.”

Oldest U.S. synagogue seeks rehearing in fight over ritual ornaments The congregation that worships in America’s oldest synagogue building will ask for a rehearing of the case that gave control of its pricey artifacts to the building’s historic trustees. The U.S. Court of Appeals for the First Circuit in Boston ruled Aug. 2 in favor of Manhattan’s Shearith Israel, the oldest Jewish congregation in the country, giving it control of the 250-yearold Touro Synagogue in Newport, Rhode Island, the religious home of Congregation Jeshuat Israel. The decision also gave the Manhattan synagogue ownership of $7.4 million silver Torah ornaments called rimonim that the congregation in Newport had hoped to sell to build an endowment. Retired U.S. Supreme Court Justice David Souter, who occasionally sits in on cases in the First Circuit and wrote the decision, gave the Newport congregation an extension until Sept. 5 to file a rehearing petition at the congregation’s request, the Associated Press reported. The case concerns “the continued vitality of the congregation that has prayed in that synagogue for well over a hundred years,” read the Jeshuat Israel filing, according to the AP.

The New York congre- John Nordell/The Christian Science Monitor via Getty Images gation called the litigation “meritless.” “We think the petition to be filed by CJI wholly lacks merit,” Shearith Israel said in a statement shared with JTA. “Shearith Israel believes any more protraction of this meritless litigation would be unfortunate. With the Court of Appeals being as clear as words can be, now Touro Synagogue in Newport, R.I. is the is the time for the parties oldest extant U.S. synagogue to be moving back to the 2012, when Jeshuat, which still harmonious cooperation that holds regular services at Touro, characterized their relationship attempted to sell the silver orfor over 100 years.” naments to establish an endowThe historic Touro Synament to maintain a rabbi and gogue was founded in the 18th care for the building, which was century by a Sephardic Jewish designated a national historic community whose numbers site in 1946. declined over the years. Shearith Israel sued to stop Shearith Israel, a Sephardic the sale and threatened to congregation that was estabreplace Jeshuat with another lished in 1654 and has wortenant who “would respect the shipped at various sites in Man- rule of law and Shearith Israel’s hattan, has served as trustee of rights,” an attorney for Shearith the Touro Synagogue since the told JTA in an email. early 19th century. The rimonim have been on Jeshuat Israel, founded in loan from the Touro Synagogue 1881 as Ashkenazi immigrants to the Museum of Fine Arts in began flooding America from Boston, which had made an Eastern Europe, has woroffer to purchase them. The shipped at Touro for more than museum has since rescinded its a century. offer. The current dispute began in — JTA

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11 former White House Jewish liaisons: Trump doesn't understand antisemitism As Jewish liaisons to four different presidents, we had the responsibility inside the White House to give voice to the perspectives and priorities of the American Jewish community. While our community may not be unified in matters of policy and politics, our spiritual practice, cultural traditions and history have instilled in American Jews a shared commitment to protecting those targeted by bigots, racists and others spewing hate and division. The presidents we served repeatedly used their bully pulpit to condemn hatred and bigotry when it appeared, whether in America or overseas. A video of President Ronald Reagan’s speech at the 1981 NAACP Convention following the lynching of an African-American man in Alabama has gone viral in recent days. President Bill Clinton led the nation’s mourning following the 1995 bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City, and we all vividly recall President

George W. Bush’s eloquent remarks standing on the rubble of the World Trade Center in the immediate aftermath of 9/11 and President Barack Obama’s eulogy and rendition of Amazing Grace following the murder of nine African-American worshippers at a historically AfricanAmerican church in Charleston, South Carolina. President Donald Trump, in his reaction to the violence in Charlottesville and to other examples of antisemitism, shows that he neither understands his responsibilities nor the nature of the ancient hatred of antisemitism and other forms of hate. His equivocation and unwillingness to speak clearly, without restraint, against blatant examples of racism, antisemitism and related manifestations of hate, as well as his refusal to lay blame for violence, are anathema to the best traditions of his office and to the examples set by the presidents we served. And in his failure, he exposes not just Jews but all Americans

to greater danger. If we were working in the White House today, we hope we would have had the courage, honesty and integrity to call upon President Trump to demonstrate moral leadership — and to resign in response to a failure to do so. If we had a successor in the current White House — there is no liaison to the Jewish community in the Trump White House — we hope he or she would have done so, too. We need that leadership more than ever. The reason is not just because we have witnessed violence in our streets. We need moral leadership to respond to the rise of hatred we are witnessing in the nation we love — hatred motivated by the things we cannot change such as the color of our skin, the faith we practice, the land of our birth, the language we spoke as toddlers. We former Jewish liaisons know that the Jews in America feel hate and reject it, whether

it’s directed at them or someone else. We are commanded by our faith to welcome the stranger, to comfort the oppressed, to reach out to the weak and dispossessed. We Jews have always been targeted and called out because of our differences from the majority. And even when we’re not called out and targeted, we know that those who use hate as a political tool will eventually turn their sights on us. We hear today the chants against the Jews or the “Zios.” We hear in an American city the “alt-right” protesters chant “Jews will not replace us” and the Nazi marching trope of “blood and soil.” We see in some academic and media circles the casual lumping together of Jews as enemies of the state, incapable of loyalty to America. We see the use of the language and the imagery of antiSemitism – the hooked noses and the bloody hands — resurrected in modern digital media

to deny to Jews our humanity, our individuality and our agency. We see the rough language of Brownshirts casually tweeted by young Americans — “toss them in the ovens,” “throw rocks at the yahood (Jews).” We see the resuscitation of the blood libel. And we know, the experience of Jews in America may be different from our historical experience as a religious minority elsewhere in the world, but this antisemitism is not different. We’ve see this hatred before. So we say to the president: “Mr. President, this nation has a problem. People think they can say and do hateful things with impunity. You have a responsibility. Not to weigh hatred against hatred. Not to divide blame equally among ‘both sides.’ Not to excuse those among you who hate by pointing out others who hate worse. “There are among your supporters and your appointees people who are antisemitic. Do not treat them as a cost of doing your political business. Cast them out — not only from your political tent, but from the conversation about America’s future. They don’t have a place in either. Continued on next page

Our president asked us to be fair to white supremacists By Andrew Silow-Carroll There was a moment in his “neo-Nazi, neo-Shmazi” news conference where you might have found yourself thinking, maybe President Trump is right. On the narrow question of who was responsible for the violence in Charlottesville, a prosecutor might note that punches were thrown by white supremacists and left-wing activists, neo-Nazis and members of the Antifa resistance. “I think there’s blame on both sides,” is how Trump put it in his news conference on Aug. 15. It’s the right answer if this is the question: “Who threw punches in Charlottesville?” But it is the wrong answer to every other question raised by those awful events. Such as, “What is expected of an American president when hundreds of people representing a stew of racist and antisemitic ideologies gather in a public park in an American city?” And, “What do we expect of the leader of our government when young men in 2017 wave Nazi flags and chant ‘Jews will not replace us’ while one of their number kills a counterprotester using his car PAGE 18

as a weapon?” And one more: “When given the choice between a mob that defends segregation, slavery and the ideology of genocide, and a crowd that stands opposed to these things, which side do you choose?” Trump stunned his critics not because he was waiting (uncharacteristically, one might add) for all the “facts” to make a statement, as he said at the news conference, but because he ignored the essential fact: Neo-Nazis, Klansman and other far-right ghouls had called for a rally, under the banner of “Unite the Right,” in an attempt to resurrect ideas that the United States had declared — on the battlefield, in the courtroom and in the court of public opinion — morally bankrupt and grotesquely un-American. And the president of those United States declared that while such people were bad, they were perhaps no worse than those who came to oppose them. In fact, he was careful to point out, “You had many people in that group other than neo-Nazis and white nationalists. OK? And the press has

treated them absolutely unfairly.” But if there were “very fine people” who showed up in Charlottesville to “quietly” protest the removal of a Confederate statue, as Trump put it, they knew exactly what they were getting into. You can't show up at an orgy and say you’re there just for the snacks. Trump may occasionally and reluctantly disavow them, but figures on the lunatic fringe appreciated the bone that they had been thrown. “Really proud of him,” the white supremacist Richard Spencer said in a tweet. “He bucked the narrative of AltRight violence, and made a statement that is fair and down to earth." “Donald Trump: He Was Fair to White Supremacists” is quite the epitaph. On the morning of Saturday, Aug. 12, after the torchlight vigil, after the speech by David Duke and the antisemitic chants and the killing of a 32-year-old woman, no one outside of the “alt-right” was looking for fairness. They were seeking moral clarity — and they didn't get it from the White House.

Some very fine people, including some Jews, are not convinced. They think Trump got it about right in noting that “many sides” are responsible for what happened in Charlottesville. They think it was important to point out that there were “vicious, hate-filled extremists,” as one Jewish leader put it, on both sides — that is, the neo-Nazi side and the protesters’ side, the Klan's side and the anti-fascist side. It is as if the lesson of Jewish history is moderation in the face of hatred, restraint when confronted by those who would kill us. In his 2003 book Nazis in Newark, the historian Warren Grover recalled how a loose group called the Minutemen organized to crush the pro-Hitler activity proliferating in their backyard. “Throughout the 1930s, the Minutemen consistently and effectively opposed Nazi activities in Newark and Northern New Jersey,” Grover wrote. “The fighting force included criminals and boxers who used fists, clubs, and baseball bats to counter the Nazi threat. Often just a rumor that the Minutemen

had been sighted was enough to deter Newark’s Nazis from holding events.” Plenty of Jews who remember the Minutemen consider them heroes — and even revere the memory of the gangster Abner “Longy” Zwillman, who aided them. Maybe we live in more rarefied times. Maybe today wed call the anti-Nazi gangs thugs and terrorists. Maybe there's a difference between standing up to neo-Nazis and actual Nazis. And maybe, to our credit, we understand that nonviolent resistance is the most principled and effective response to hatred and intolerance. But if the Minutemen lacked a certain gentility, two things they didn't lack: moral clarity and the courage of their convictions. Trump was asked Aug. 15 whether white supremacists and their counterprotesters belong “on the same moral plane.” “I’m not putting anybody on a moral plane,” our president said. Andrew Silow-Carroll is editor-inchief of JTA.


Continued from previous page “You must stand on this nation’s strongest moral foundations and principled aspirations and against the violence and hatred. And you must recognize that whenever the Jew is attacked, there is a deeper hatred at work. Antisemitism serves as a gateway to other forms of group-based bigotry and hatred. “The language of antisemitism is the language of national suicide — it is, sadly, a mother tongue to discredited and extinct ideologies known throughout human history. If antisemitism takes root in America, it will be America’s ruin. Because whoever gives voice to the ancient and tired tropes of antisemitism, his mouth goes dry with ashes. “Mr. President, you must call out and stand against any creeping normalization of antisemitism — without obfuscation, hesitation or equivocation — not only because antisemitism is odious, but also because it will invariably lead to other forms of hatred and bigotry that divide and destroy our nation.” Matt Nosanchuk (Barack Obama) Noam Neusner (George W. Bush) Jarrod Bernstein (Barack Obama) Adam Goldman (George W. Bush) Jay S. Zeidman (George W. Bush) Scott Arogeti (George W. Bush) Deborah Mohile Goldberg (Bill Clinton) Jay K. Footlik (Bill Clinton) Jeanne Ellinport (Bill Clinton) Amy Zisook (Bill Clinton) Marshall J. Breger (Ronald Reagan)

So, what do you think? Send your letters (350 words max.) to: The Dayton Jewish Observer, 525 Versailles Drive Dayton, OH 45459


Temple Beth Or Classes: Sun., Sept. 10 & 17, 1 p.m., Advanced Hebrew w. Rabbi Chessin. Wed., Sept. 13, 1 p.m., Chai Mitzvah w. Susan Hand, The Arc of the High Holy Days. 5275 Marshall Rd., Wash. Twp. 435-3400. Temple Israel Classes: Sat., Sept. 2, 9, 16, 23, 9:30 a.m., Torah Study. Wednesdays, noon, Talmud Study. 130 Riverside Dr., Dayton. 4960050.


Sinclair Lifelong Learning Aerobic Conditioning: Tues. & Thurs., 9-9:50 a.m. Through Dec. 7. $25 for all sessions. 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville. R.S.V.P. to 610-1555.


Dayton Jewish Genealogical Society: Tips for Getting Started in Jewish Genealogy. Sun., Sept. 10, 11:30 a.m. Temple Israel, 130 Riverside Dr., Dayton. R.S.V.P. to Molly Blumer, jmblumer@hotmail. com. Jewish Federation Heritage Mission Informational Meeting: Wed., Sept. 27, 7 p.m. At the home of Ellen & Michael Leffak. R.S.V.P. to Jodi Phares, 610-5513.


PJ Library & JCC Family New Year Party: Sun., Sept. 10, 6:30 p.m. Disney’s The BFG at Dixie Drive In, 6201 N. Dixie Dr., Dayton. Movie begins at 7:30 p.m. Free. R.S.V.P. by Sept. 6 to 610-1555.

Young Adults

YAD ish Festival: Sun., Sept. 17, 10 a.m. Washington Park, 1230 Elm St., Cincinnati. Jewish & Israeli art, music, food & culture. For more info., call Cheryl Carne, 610-1778.

3-12 & college students. R.S.V.P. to Chabad, 643-0770 or

Community Events

Hadassah Opening Meeting: Sun., Sept. 10, 2 p.m. Speaker, Daveed Abrams. Boonshoft CJCE, 525 Versailles Dr., Adults Centerville. $5. R.S.V.P. to Dena JCC at Raise Your Brush: Thurs., Sept. 7, 6-9 p.m. 169 N. Briskin, 275-0227. Main St., Centerville. R.S.V.P. by Torah on Tap: Mon., Sept. Sept. 5 to 610-1555. 11, 5:30 p.m. w. Temple Israel JCC Book Club: Fri., Sept. 15, Rabbis Bodney-Halasz & Sobo. The Barrel House, 417 E. 3rd 10:30 a.m. Small Great Things St. First round of drinks on the by Jodi Picoult. At the home of temple. For more info., call 496Roberta Prigozen. R.S.V.P. to 0050. Roberta, 832-0582.


JFS Off To A Sweet Start: Mon., Sept. 11, 11 a.m. at One Lincoln Park, 590 Isaac Prugh Way, Kettering. R.S.V.P. by Sept. 5. Thurs., Sept. 14, 2:30 p.m. at Friendship Village, 5790 Denlinger Rd., Trotwood. R.S.V.P. by Sept. 7. Call 6101555.

Temple Israel Bike & Brunch: Sun., Sept. 24, 10 a.m. Meet at temple parking lot at 9:45 a.m. Pay your own way for brunch.

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Chabad Rosh Hashanah Dinner: Wed., Sept. 20, 7 p.m. 2001 Far Hills Ave., Oakwood. $25 adults, $10 children ages

Dr. Susannah Heschel: Univ. of Dayton Gutmann Lecture in Jewish Studies, Tues., Sept. 26, 4 p.m. Sears Recital Hall, Jesse Philips Humanities Ctr., Univ. of Dayton. Free.

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JFS Active Adults Dine Around: Thurs., Sept. 14, 5:30 p.m. Bravo Cucina Italiana, 2731 Fairfield Commons Blvd., Beavercreek. R.S.V.P. by Sept. 7 to 610-1555. Community Selichot Service: Sat., Sept. 16, 8:45 p.m. At Temple Israel, 130 Riverside Dr., Dayton. 496-0050. With Beth Abraham & Temple Beth Or & Dayton Jewish Chorale.

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2 0 1 7 A N N U A L M E E T I N G for the JEWISH FEDERATION & ITS


All photos taken by Peter Wine

FIRST ROW: Outgoing JCC Board Members Michele Dritz, Amy Bloom, [Lisa Blum not pictured] and outgoing JCC & JFS Board Memeber Shirlee Gilbert; JCC Volunteer of the Year Winner Gayle Moscowitz; JFS Immediate Past President & JFS Volunteer of the Year winner Wendi Pavlofsky. SECOND ROW: Moss Creativity Award Winners: Rinaldo’s Bake Shoppe, accepted by members of the Rinaldo family; Rabbi Judy Chessin & presenter Marni Flagel. THIRD ROW: Past President Award Winner Elaine Bettman; Shapiro Award Winners Michales and Levin Family. FOURTH ROW: Federation CEO Cathy Gardner & Esther Feldman, honorary co-chair, Covenant House Legacy Committee; Ira Segalewitz & Tim Sweeny enjoy the Vodka Ice Luge






GET CONNECTED TO YOUR JEWISH IDENTITY Join us for the General Assembly in Los Angeles

Jewish Federation of GREATER DAYTON

Members of the Dayton Jewish Community are invited to attend the Jewish Federations of North America General Assembly. Jewish Federation® No previous experience required. OF GREATER DAYTON

Substantial subsidies available.

› Family New Year Party with PJ Library & JCC Sunday, September 10 @ 6:30PM

Dixie Drive-In (6201 N Dixie Dr., Dayton 45414) 6:30PM Fun & Games 7:30PM Disney's The BFG, rated PG See ad on page 30.

› YAD: ish Festival Sunday, September 17 @ 10AM

Washington Park (1230 Elm St., Cincinnati) Join the young Jewish adults (21-35) for the ish Festival, a celebration of Jewish and Israeli art, music, food, and culture. No admission charge, other costs on your own.

› JFGD’s Jewish Heritage Mission – Parlor Meeting Wednesday, September 27, @ 7 pm

At the home of Michael and Ellen Leffak Please contact Jodi Phares at 610-5513 or to RSVP and get directions to the meeting.

NOV 12–14


VENTURE FURTHER AROUND THE WORLD WITH FEDERATION Federations touch more Jewish lives than any organization on the planet. We’ve traveled the world to bring you compelling examples of our work on every continent. See the stories of lives you’ve helped change in places you didn’t even know we reached. Extend your trip after the GA closing session for a tour of Jewish L.A. Contact Cathy Gardner at 937-610-1555 for more information.

Celebrating Our Legacy; Envisioning Our Future 2 0 1 7 A N N U A L M E E T I N G for the JEWISH FEDERATION & ITS AGENCIES

RSVPs are due at least 1 week before event. Events with no price listed are free. FOR MORE INFORMATION OR TO RSVP (unless noted):


Thank you to everyone who came out to support the legacy of Covenant House and the Dayton Jewish community's involvement in Operation Exodus. All photos taken by Peter Wine. Check out more Annual Meeting Photos on the Photo Spread page in this issue of the Observer.

Guest Speaker Alina Spaulding shares her incredible story of emigration to the United States, made possible by Jewish communities like Dayton. JEWISH FEDERATION of GREATER DAYTON AGENCY NEWSLETTER | SEPTEMBER 2017

Jewish Community Center of GREATER DAYTON › Early Childhood Preschool Ice Cream Social Wednesday, September 6, 6–7:30PM Boonshoft CJCE Lobby For enrolled families.

› Celebrate 5778 with Friends and Paint › Thursday, September 7, 6–9PM Raise Your Brush (169 N Main St, 45459) › RSVPs due September 5.

› Jewish New Year Party with JCC & PJ Library Sunday, September 10 @ 6:30PM Dixie Twin Drive-In (6201 N Dixie Dr., Dayton 45414) 6:30PM Fun & Games 7:30PM Disney's The BFG, rated PG See ad on page 30.

› PTO presents: Pretzels, Pinot, and Pints Tuesday, September 12, 5–6:30PM

@ Boonshoft CJCE Parents of enrolled children stop by for an informal social to relax, nosh and shmooze and get to know other parents.

OPENING NIGHT Einstein! One Man Show Thursday, October 19 @ 7PM Oakwood High School Auditorium, 1200 Far Hills Ave., Oakwood 45419 Einstein! explores the young scientist’s earlier years in Berlin as he struggles to prove his theory of relativity and prove his relativity as a father. This play highlights the trials we all face as individuals in a world that at times doesn’t want us to succeed. Actor Jack Fry is an award winning playwright, solo artist and fully credentialed teacher who lives in Los Angeles, California. Age appropriate for 10 & up. $18 in advance, $25 at the door. Kids 18 & under no charge.


› Book Club


Friday, September 15, 10:30AMNOON the home of Roberta Prigozen (RSVP for address) Small Great Things by Jodi Picoult Contact Roberta Prigozen at 832-0582 to RSVP

HEALTH & WELLNESS › Aerobic Conditioning Tues/Thurs Aug. 22- Dec. 7 @ 9–9:50AM


$25 per session for all classes. Through Sinclair Lifelong Learning.

RSVPs are due at least 1 week before event. Events with no price listed are free. FOR MORE INFORMATION OR TO RSVP (unless noted):


Contact Meryl Hattenbach at What a Wonderful Summer! Thank you to ALL of our 2017 Camp Shalom Campers, we can't wait for next year!! - Love, the JCC Camp Staff


for more information and to get involved!

28th Anniversary of the 2nd Wave Jewish of Dayton’s Soviet Jewry Resettlement Family Services Introduces New Driver

Jewish Family Services Jewish Foundation ofof GREATER DAYTON GREATER DAYTON › Off To A Sweet Start: L'Shana Tovah! See ad on page 28.

Monday, September 11 11AM @ One Lincoln Park, Oakwood Room (590 Isaac Prugh Way, 45429) RSVP by September 5. PHOTO CREDIT: PETER WINE

After 9 years, it was time to have another reunion for the “former” New Americans who arrived in Dayton in the late 1980’s and early 1990’s and their families. On August 13, nearly 80 people gathered at

the Boonshoft CJCE to reunite with old friends, including some of those Jewish Dayton volunteers who assisted with the resettlement. Thank you Joe & Elaine Bettman for chairing this event. In addition,

we are grateful to Joe & Elaine Bettman and Shirlee Gilbert who allowed us to capture their

BILL RHOADES On August 21, Jewish Family Services welcomes a new driver to the Transportation Program.

stories about this time, also

Please give a hearty welcome to

known as Operation Exodus,

Bill Rhoades when you see him

on video.

out and about!

RSVP by September 7.

› Active Adults Dine Around Thursday, September 14 5:30PM @ BRAVO! Cucina Italiana (2731 Fairfield Commons Blvd., 45431) See ad on page 36. RSVP by September 7.

Active Adults Annual Brunch

› Need Assistance Finding a Food Pantry Near You? Call the United Way Information & Referral Line, 225-3000 or Dial 2-1-1.

On August 13, 2017, the Active Adults had a fabulous morning at the Dayton Woman’s Club! Together, we enjoyed a delicious brunch, kibitzed with friends old and new, and enjoyed skits performed by the Young at Heart Players. Thank you Dayton Woman’s Club and Mollie Hauser for providing a history and tour of this PHOTO CREDIT: PETER WINE

beautiful club.

Thursday, September 14 2:30PM @ Friendship Village, Convocation Room (5790 Denlinger Rd., 45426)

Jewish Family Services and Camp K’Tan's Mitzvah Mission! On Wednesday, July 19, 2017, Jewish Family Services partnered with Camp K’tan

› Are you caring for a loved one who is not in the Greater Dayton area? While the Network for Jewish Human Service Agencies is working to update its website, it may be difficult to access the Senior Resource Connect portal. Please do not hesitate to contact JFS to find services and supports provided by Jewish agencies nationwide. › Don’t know what to donate in the Food Barrels? How about basic foods? Hearty soups & stews, chili, peanut butter & jelly, and macaroni & cheese are greatly appreciated

for a Mitzvah Mission! We traveled to One Lincoln Park and made Power Beads – either keychains or bracelets – with our new friends. We had a blast getting to know our new friends over snacks and crafts. Thank PHOTO CREDIT: SHAY SHENEFELT

you, One Lincoln Park, for hosting us.

RSVPs are due at least 1 week before event. Events with no price listed are free. FOR MORE INFORMATION OR TO RSVP (unless noted):



In memory of Florence Tannenbaum (z"l) New Endowment Fund Announced ›Mamaloshen

A little bit of Yiddish to share with friends, courtesy of the JFS Yiddish Club, in memory of Lynda A. Cohen.

Shlofn \ SHLOF-en \ Verb To sleep. Expression with Shlofn: › Vi du vest dikh leygn, azoy vestu shlofn. As you make your bed, so you must lie in it. › Az der mogn is ler, iz der shlof shver. If the stomach is empty, sleep is difficult. › Kleyne kinder lozn nisht shlofn; groyse kinder lozn nisht lebn. Little children step on your toes; big children step on your heart (lit., Little children don't let you sleep; grown children don't let you live).

› Yiddish Club

Sunday, September 17, 1:30PM @ Oakwood Starbucks (2424 Far Hills Ave., 45419) Jewish Proverbs. How many Yiddish proverbs do you know?

The Jewish Foundation of Greater Dayton proudly announces the creation of a new Perpetual Annual Campaign Endowment (PACE) fund, established in memory of Florence Tannenbaum. This fund will help support the Jewish community through an annual gift to the campaign in Florence’s name. Florence was a gifted and dedicated member of the community. After graduating with a Bachelor’s of Science from Wittenberg University, she taught in Springfield and Cincinnati. Florence was passionate about tennis, and enjoyed playing here in Dayton and Boca Raton. In addition, Florence cultivated her talent as a piano player until her passing at 100 years old. Florence utilized the Jewish Family Services’ Transportation Programs to go to her hairdresser and her medical appointments. Florence enjoyed and appreciated the independence that came with this program. The Jewish Foundation of Greater Dayton would


DAYTON JEWISH CHORALE IN HONOR OF › Cantor Andrea Raizen’s 10 year anniversary as Hazzan for Beth Abraham Cathy Gardner THE TALA ARNOVITZ FUND IN MEMORY OF › Helen Jacobson Beverly Saeks Jenny Schoenfeld Sonny and Pam Saeks Carrie and Ken Goldhoff JFS


like to recognize the efforts of Florence’s family members, Matt and Elaine Arnovitz. Their dedication to the Dayton Jewish community allowed this gift to become a reality. The Florence Tannenbaum PACE fund will honor Florence’s memory by providing an annual campaign gift to benefit the Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton. Through this fund,

Shabbat in the Park

Florence’s presence in the Jewish community, Dayton, Israel, and overseas will be enjoyed for many years to come. Donations in her memory can be made through the Jewish Foundation of Greater Dayton (525 Versailles Drive, Centerville, Ohio 45459). For more information, please contact Foundation Director Janese R. Sweeny at or (937) 401-1542.


about PJ Library or PJ Our Way or to get a child enrolled in either of these great programs, please or 401-1541.

JEWISH FAMILY SERVICES IN HONOR OF › New home of Wendi and Ervin Pavlofsky Renee and Dr. Frank Handel JCC

BARBARA FLAGEL PLAYGROUND FUND IN MEMORY OF › Barbara Flagel M.J. and Bella Freeman Janese and Dan Sweeny Nora and Robert Newsock Beverly Louis Diane and Bill Schneider Lisa and Howard Spector Linda and Jeff Albert Sylvia and Ralph Heyman Pat Jones Eva and Fred Izenson Marni Flagel Kristy and Jeffrey Flagel Bertram Flagel Celia and Jeff Shulman Judy and Mel Lipton Susan and Jonas Gruenberg Joan Isaacson Bernie Rabinowitz Gerald Flagel Cathy Gardner Dianne Schneider Marcia Burick Rhonda and Marc Loundy JOAN & PETER WELLS AND REBECCA LINVILLE FAMILY, CHILDREN, AND YOUTH FUND IN HONOR OF › Speedy recovery of Doron Krakow Cathy Gardner

For more information

contact Juliet Glaser at

Legacies, Tributes, & Memorials

On August 11th, PJ Library and PJ Our Way families met in Orchardly Park, in Oakwood for a Shabbat in the Park. Families joined together to say the Shabbat blessing before enjoying a potluck meal. The next Shabbat in the Park will be at Activity Center Park in Centerville on August 25th at 5:30



Ayla Arthur Raskin Hallie (Blazar) and Matt Raskin of Columbus announce the

birth of their daughter, Ayla Arthur Raskin, on March 28. Ayla and her brother, Sander, are the grandchildren of Jody Pollack Blazar and Andrew Blazar of Dayton, and Patti and Ken Raskin of Chicago. Great-grandmothers are Ellen Siegel Pollack and Cissie Silver. Of blessed memory are great-grandparents Shirley and Arthur Pollack, Sylvia and Mitchell Blazar, Stuart Silver, Arlene Mann and Emanuel Raskin. Family and friends gathered at Agudas Achim in Columbus on July 1 to celebrate Ayla’s naming, Ayla Hannah bat Mandel v’ Chaya Shoshana.

Send lifecycles to: The Dayton Jewish Observer, 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville, OH 45459 Email: There is a $10 charge to run a photo; please make checks payable to The Dayton Jewish Observer.

KVELLING CORNER Andy Fischer was the subject of Woodcraft Supply’s May blog post, Woodworking Grandma Never Stops Learning. Andy is a retired LPGA professional golfer and pro golf instructor; woodworking has been her hobby since she was a child. She’s been a member of the Western Ohio Woodworking Club for more than 40 years.

Rachel Haug Gilbert Brig. Gen. Paul Cooper, USAF (Ret), was among those honored for his service to our country by the Ford Motor Company at the Dayton Air Show in June. Scott Halasz won the Celebrity Swine Showmanship competition at the Greene County Fair. The competitors had to drive the hog around the ring, control the hog, keep it moving, and maintain eye contact with the judge. “It was not easy,” Scott said of working with the 260-pound hog. Dan Shaffer won a silver medal in the track and field 4 x 100 meter relay at the 2017 National Senior Olympics held in Birmingham, Ala. in June. He qualified and ran in five other events. This year, Dan also

ran in the Cincinnati, State of Ohio, and State of West Virginia Senior Olympics. Beth Abraham Synagogue honored Cantor Andrea Raizen at a special Shabbat Under the Stars service for her 10 years of service to the congregation.

Miles Gabriel Glovka Graham Henry Glovka With pride and joy, Todd and Mindy Glovka announce the B’nai Mitzvah of Miles Gabriel and Graham Henry Glovka on Sept. 2 at the Boonshoft Museum of Discovery. Miles and Graham are members of Temple Beth Or. Miles is a ninth-grader and Graham a seventh-grader at the Dayton Regional STEM School. Miles and Graham are the grandsons of Linda Novak and the late Michael Novak of Union, and Mary and Robert Glovka of Beavercreek. Miles enjoys playing and training with his dog, Yoko, playing video and board games, and generally making us laugh on a daily basis. Graham is learning to play the violin, delights in his hobby of collecting antiquated technology, and adding to his boundless knowledge of anything and everything he can. Miles and Graham both very much enjoy spending time with their younger sister, Norah. Miles and Graham have chosen to raise money/supplies for K-9 Karma, a rescue for high drive and shelter dogs where they are lovingly trained as companion animals, search and rescue dogs, and for sea turtle nest detection and odor detection.

David Klass, head importer of Brauhaus Riegele U.S., tells us that the German craft beer Riegele was named 2017 German Brewery of the Year. Adam Sobol, founder and CEO of CareBand, was named to the Double Chai in the Chi: Chicago Jewish United Fund’s Jewish 36 Under 36 list. CareBand was named a Top 10 healthcare tech startup to watch in 2017 by TechRepublic. Besides his full-time job as a cybersecurity consultant at Protiviti Consulting and growing CareBand, Adam volunteers with seniors, mentors young entrepreneurs, speaks at various events and provides pro-bono website and mobile development. Jeremy Katz, archives director at the Breman Jewish Heritage Museum in Atlanta, was named one of the Atlanta Jewish Times’ 40 Under 40. Jeremy is active with Moishe House and is a section editor of the journal Southern Jewish History. Send your Kvelling items to: or to Rachel Haug Gilbert,The Dayton Jewish Observer, 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville, OH 45459

School, Max is involved in computers, robotics, filmmaking and performing. He enjoys spending his summers and school breaks traveling on road trips with his family. For his mitzvah project, Max volunteered at the North Texas Food Bank. He also enjoyed volunteering as a counselor in training at The da Vinci School.

Buerki-Gilbert Leslie and Bob Buerki are pleased to announce the marriage of their son, Robin Arthur Buerki, to Amy Rose Gilbert, daughter of Jeff and Ellen Gilbert of Evanston, Ill. Her father officiated their wedding ceremony at Stout’s Island, Red Cedar Lake, Birchwood, Wisc., on May 28. Robin graduated from The Miami Valley School, Princeton University, Cambridge University, Northwestern University’s School of Medicine and the University of Chicago’s Neurology Residency program. He is presently a fellow in neuro-oncology at the University of CaliforniaSan Francisco Medical Center. Amy is an attorney and will practice in San Francisco. She graduated from the University of Michigan and Loyola University Chicago College of Law. The newlyweds honeymooned recently at the Apostle Islands, Wisc., and earlier at Mount Kilimanjaro, Tanzania.

Max Morris Fetter Max Morris Fetter, son of Rachel and Evan Fetter, will be called to the Torah as a Bar Mitzvah on Aug. 26 at Temple Emanu-El in Dallas. Max is the brother of Brad (15), Lindsey (10), and Annie (5). He is the grandson of Tricia and Paul Michaelson of Dallas and Maureen and Marc Sternberg of Dayton. He is the greatgrandson of Helene Sternberg of Akron and the late Leonard Sternberg and Bill Rogovy both of Akron; Miriam and Alfred Brauman and Angie Michaelson of Dallas; Florence and Jimmy Fetter of Waco, Texas; and Stanley Beylin and Rose and Frank Kuppin of Dayton. A seventh-grade student at Parish Episcopal



Wishing you a new year of good health and happiness.






The shofar: the birthing of the world By Cantor Jenna Greenberg As we approach the High Holy Days season, many symbols come to mind: apples and honey, round challot, the white Torah covers and kittels (prayer robes). Among the many symbols that represent the Yamim Noraim, these Days of Awe, one of the most powerful and evocative is none other than the shofar itself, the ram’s horn blown from the beginning of the Hebrew month of Elul through the end of the High Holy Days season.

Perspectives The Hebrew root of the word shofar, the letters shin-feh-resh, means to be good, tov. We say shanah tovah, and we mean that not only should you have a good year, so too, you should be good. You should act positively in the world, improving not only upon yourself but upon the world around you as well. All this will help us to beautify ourselves and the world around us. Not only does the root of shofar mean a moral good, but it has a physical goodness implied as well, suggesting beauty. To be kosher, a shofar should be physically beautiful. If it has cracks or holes, these will affect its sound, rendering it unfit for ceremonial use. Regardless of size, shape, color or texture, it is clear that not only does the shofar need to sound good, but it should look good as well.

If we change cal meaning of the vowels from shafir have to do shofar, we get with the ritual a very interestof blowing the ing word, also shofar? How can derived from the two such exsame Hebrew tremely different root: shafir. meanings from It happens to the same Hebrew be a common root possibly be Hebrew name connected? for boys in Israel, One connecas well as a last tion between name, all with shafir and shofar Cantor Jenna Greenberg the same meanis the fact that ing for shofar, beRosh Hashanah is ing handsome or beautiful. not only the Jewish New Year, In Yiddish, shafir means sap- but it also celebrates the birthphire, one of the most beautiful day of the world, announced and valuable gemstones. by the primal sounds of the Sapphire was used as one shofar itself. of the 12 precious stones set For as we can see in the in the Israelite high priest’s liturgy, following the three sets breastplate during his service of shofar calls during the Musaf in the Holy Temple, the Beit Amidah, the final section of the HaMikdash. morning prayers, we chant Just as the shofar’s physical the words Hayom Harat Olam, and musical beauty call attentoday is the birthday of the tion to these holy days and world. their rituals, so But this birth, the birthing of too, the sapphire’s the world, happens through the beauty was used sound that the shofar makes. for ritual purposThroughout es during biblical the entire year, times. we say in our In Hebrew, morning prayers, shafir has a very “Baruch she’amar different and v’haya ha’olam, surprising meanBlessed is the One ing, amniotic sac, who spoke and the the fluid-filled sac world was created!” that contains, nourishes, and Perhaps God’s voice at that protects a fetus in the womb. moment sounded like the The sac is the fetus’ home shofar; Divine speech is a holy during gestation. The amniotic sound after all. sac grows with the fetus over Shortly after creating the its incubation period, feeding world, God breathed life into and protecting the fetus that the first human being, Adam, will celebrate its birthday upon for God is the Giver of life. As emerging from its mother’s it says in Gen. 2:7, “God blew womb, upon its entry into the into his nostrils nishmat chayim, world. the breath of life, and man So what does this biologibecame a living being.”

We all are ultimately hoping for a rebirth of ourselves in the New Year.

Candle Lightings Shabbat, Sept. 1, 7:49 p.m. Shabbat, Sept. 8, 7:38 p.m. Shabbat, Sept. 15, 7:27 p.m. Erev Rosh Hashanah, Sept. 20, 7:19 p.m. First Eve Rosh Hashanah, Sept. 21, 8:15 p.m. Shabbat Shuvah, Sept. 22, 7:15 p.m. Shabbat, Erev Yom Kippur, Sept. 29, 7:04 p.m.

September Elul/Tishri

Torah Portions Sept. 2, Ki Tetze (Deut. 21:10-25:19) Sept. 9, Ki Tavo (Deut. 26:1-29:8) Sept. 16, Nitzavim-Vayelech (Deut. 29:9-31:30) Sept. 23, Haazinu (Deut. 32:1-52)

Rosh Hashanah

Jewish New Year Sept. 21-22/1-2 Tishri The beginning of the Jewish calendar year. Begins the Days of Awe, a 10-day period of repentance and prayer that ends on Yom Kippur. Celebrated with festive meals, including apples dipped in honey.

Yom Kippur

Day of Atonement Sept. 30/10 Tishri The holiest day on the Jewish calendar, ending the Days of Awe, spent fasting and in prayer. The sounding of the shofar, the ram’s horn, signals the end of the holiday.

The ba’al tekiah, shofar blower, breathes into the shofar the many blasts, sounding tekiah, shevarim, truah, and of course all of these build up to tekiah gedola, that great final breath that pushes the air out, that brings new life into the world. Without air, the shofar would not sound. Without air, life would not be given. The imagery of the shofar as a ritual musical instrument paired with an understanding of shafir as the amniotic sac is a fascinating parallel. We all are ultimately hoping for a rebirth of ourselves in the New Year. It is a reflective time to think about how we can live up to what the shofar calls, and its Hebrew root suggest to each of us: be good, beautiful people as we look ahead to the year to come. Lastly, we have gematria, mystical numerology, where every Hebrew letter has a numerical equivalent. This Kabalistic (mystical) code has the ability to leave us with both a mathematical and spiritual interpretation. The gematria, or numeric value, of the word shofar, equals 586. When you add up each of these three numbers (5 + 8 + 6 = 19), and then add up those two numbers (1 + 9), our sum is 10: a significant number in Judaism (10 commandments, 10 for minyan, a prayer quorum). Unique to this holy season, 10 is the number of days we have to be improved, shupar, also from the original root for shofar. We refer to this period as Aseret Y’mei Teshuvah, the Ten days of Repentance. While we may not be able to “improve” ourselves by the end of this holy 10-day period, we can all make an effort to strategize achievable goals for the new year 5778. May the shofar within each of us sound out, helping to direct us toward rebirth and self-improvement for the year to come. L’ Shanah Tovah. Cantor Jenna Greenberg is director of The Dayton Jewish Chorale.


Beth Abraham Synagogue Conservative Rabbi Joshua Ginsberg Cantor/Dir. of Ed. & Programming Andrea Raizen Monday through Friday 6:50 a.m. & 5:30 p.m. Fri., 5:30 p.m. Sat. 9 a.m. Sundays at 8:30 a.m. 305 Sugar Camp Circle, Oakwood. 293-9520. Beth Jacob Congregation Traditional Rabbi In Residence Adam Rosenthal Saturdays 9:30 a.m., Sundays 8 a.m., Sunday through Friday, 7 p.m. 7020 N. Main St., Dayton. 274-2149. Temple Anshe Emeth Reform Rabbinic Intern Taylor Poslosky 320 Caldwell St., Piqua. Call Eileen Litchfield, 937-5470092, Correspondence address: 3808 Beanblossom Rd., Greenville, OH 45331. Temple Beth Or Reform Rabbi Judy Chessin Educator/Rabbi Ari Ballaban Fridays 7 p.m. Saturdays 10 a.m. 5275 Marshall Rd., Wash. Twp. 435-3400. Temple Beth Sholom Reform Rabbi Haviva Horvitz See Web site for schedule. 610 Gladys Dr., Middletown. 513-422-8313. Temple Israel Reform Senior Rabbi Karen Bodney-Halasz Rabbi/Educator Tina Sobo First Friday each month 6 p.m. All other Fridays, 6:30 p.m. Saturdays 10:30 a.m. 130 Riverside Dr., Dayton. 496-0050. Temple Sholom Reform Rabbi Cary Kozberg Fridays 6 p.m. 2424 N. Limestone St., Springfield. 399-1231.

ADDITIONAL SERVICES Chabad of Greater Dayton Rabbi Nochum Mangel Associate Rabbi Shmuel Klatzkin Youth & Prog. Dir. Rabbi Levi Simon. Beginner educational service Saturdays 9 a.m. adults, 10 a.m children. Sundays 9 a.m. 2001 Far Hills Ave. 643-0770. Yellow Springs Havurah Independent Services 1st & 3rd Saturdays, 10-noon. Antioch College Rockford Chapel. Contact Cheryl Levine, 937-767-9293.



At the High Holy Days, Remember the Past, Share Joy in the Present.

How the High Holy Days snapped me out of my mom boredom

Rosh Hashanah starts at sundown Wednesday, Sept. 20. Yom Kippur starts at sundown Friday, Sept. 29.

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Commercial HVAC & Refrigeration Kettering, Ohio 45429 • (937) 604-2049 Tim Crafton, Owner • Wishing You A Happy New Year

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By Dasee Berkowitz, JTA JERUSALEM — A few nights ago, when I was cleaning up the kitchen after supper, it struck me. I’m really bored as a parent. I have the efficiency thing down pat. A food schedule for each night of the week. The ease of an afternoon spent with our three kids — snack, followed by craft, followed by dinner, bath, books, and then bed. Sure, there are outliers: my 3-year-old, who doesn’t conform to my plans or the erupting feud between my eldest and middle child. “I’m on it” (or in Hebrew, katan alai — this is small stuff), I say to myself, and handle whatever the issue is with aplomb. But at the end of the day, with a cup of mint tea in hand, I ask myself, “Is this all there is?” I joked with my son the other night when he inquired, “What awesome thing are we planning to do this afternoon?” I answered, “Nothing special.” His response was, “That’s so boring.” And then I said to him deadpan, “Let me teach you a little life lesson, son. Most of life is boring, except for occasionally when it’s not.”

Off to a Sweet Start: L’Shanah Tovah 5778 Monday, September 11 @ 11AM

One Lincoln Park

Thursday, September 14 @ 2:30PM


Friendship Village

Oakwood Room 590 Isaac Prugh Way Dayton, Ohio 45429

Convocation Room 5790 Denlinger Road Dayton, Ohio 45426

» RSVP by September 5 to Karen Steiger at 610-1555.

» RSVP by September 7 to Karen Steiger at 610-1555.

Come welcome the Jewish New Year with friends, songs, and Jewish Family Services sweets. PAGE 28

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over. Was this really me talking? The liturgy, rituals and Who have I become? customs of these days invite the Manager mom. That’s who. big questions. Who am I? What It was bound to happen. and to whom am I responsible? Nobody can possibly keep How can I mend broken relathis well-oiled machine called tionships? How will I spend the “our family’s life” going for eight years without falling into finite time I have on this earth? These are the big questions autopilot. It kind of says it all when you and they are triggered by find yourself at the gas station, simple, even childlike metaphors: God writing our deeds and in the quick business exin a book of Life or Death, a change of the attendant asking shofar blast that, beyond all of for your credit card, getting it back and checking a text about the layers and layers of prayers uttered on Rosh Hashanah and the homework for your firstgrader, you think that the gas is Yom Kippur, brings us back to already in the car and you start a primal cry and beckons us to think beyond our day to day. to drive away. But in all But the honesty, after yank of the All this mortal years of obgas nozzle, the mom knew for serving these spurting of holidays, I gasoline every- certain was that where, and the these relationships never feel quite ready. And my aforementioned attendant run- in front of me were cynical side ning frantireal, alive, pulsing, often creeps in and says, cally your way, “Is anything yelling, “giveret, and in need of my giveret (madam, presence and love. really going to change? After a madam)!” couple of inspirbecomes strong ing days, I will probably just go evidence to the contrary. back to my old habits and old And for the record, you know you have achieved man- routines.” There was a moment last ager mom status when you are year that broke me out of the called giveret, as opposed to manager mom malaise. It hap“miss.” Just sayin’. pened for a few minutes right Thank God the Jewish holidays are upon us and I can before the start of Yom Kippur. My husband and I bless our receive an enormous shofar children every Friday night, but blast in my ear to knock me out of my middle management last year he reminded me of the stupor and inject a bit of vitality free flow blessing that parents traditionally say to their chilinto me. dren pre-Day of Atonement. Any milestone is an opporMake it personal; feel free to tunity to take stock. And the Jewish High Holy Days put the go off script, he recommended. idea of taking stock on steroids. I placed my hands on their Renewal. Judgment day. Life freshly shampooed heads and shared with each child what I held in the balance. Starting THE DAYTON JEWISH OBSERVER • SEPTEMBER 2017

RELIGION hoped and dreamed for them, and a quality or two that I wanted to work on in myself so I could be a better parent to each of them. More patient with one, less distracted with another, better at following through on plans we agree on with the third. I took a good two to three minutes to clear away the part of me cluttered with extraneous thoughts, to be present for them (or as present as you can be when the 21/2-year-old starts to squirm away). With all the hours logged in synagogue for Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur, it was in that moment that I felt like I was encountering ultimacy. The manager mom who had commanded them just a few moments earlier to get dressed in their new outfits and to put their shoes on gave way to mortal mom, the one who didn’t know what the year would bring, who would get sick or hurt, who would succeed, who would have good friends. All this mortal mom knew for certain was that these relationships in front of me were real, alive, pulsing, and in need of my presence and love. I want to bring that awareness to my experience of the holidays this year, too. And if I’m lucky, I’ll be able to promote manager mom to fully-livingin-the-present-mortal-mom. At least for the two to three minutes that it takes me to bless my children. Dasee Berkowitz lives in Jerusalem and works as an educational consultant, writer and mom of three kids.

Wishing You A Happy New Year.

A teshuvah of action By David Markus, JTA It’s tempting to imagine the High Holy Days are only for emotional and spiritual internals. This season of teshuvah (returning, repairing, forgiving) is for thinking and feeling teshuvah, but mainly as springboards for action. Good, healthy and right as our inner returns can be, they aren’t fully teshuvah until they spur action where it is possible. Jews are called to action. Our spiritual ancestors answered Sinai’s call by responding “Na’aseh v’nishma, We will do and we will hear (Ex. 19:8).” Doing is our Covenant. Doing is the goal of the inner return and repair we call teshuvah. The riveting High Holy Days Avinu Malkeinu liturgy pleads to God, “Aseh imanu va’chesed, Do with us justice and lovingkindness.” On Yom Kippur, we hear anew the call to emulate God, “Be holy, for I (the Holy One) am holy (Lev. 15:2).” We are to do the same justice and lovingkindness that we crave for ourselves. What is a teshuvah of doing? It depends on context, but usually includes action knowable to others. It can mean actually speaking apology to people we wronged (not just thinking or feeling it). It can mean correcting a rumor we spread (even if we can’t undo all of a rumor’s harm). It can mean sending an email to begin repairing a relationship. It can mean com-

municating forgiveness long restrained by grudge. It can mean returning an item that belongs to another. In all of these cases, teshuvah means doing: Thinking and feeling are the fertile soil of teshuvah, but action is the harvest, the purpose and fulfillment. Teshuvah often is risky: action risks rejection and failure. But in most cases, that’s exactly the point. Except in abusive or dangerous contexts in which repair is not safely feasible by action in this world, risk is part of what we must do to heed the call of teshuvah. A true teshuvah of action asks courage to risk our hearts in service of doing true repair and healing. Our hearts and souls, and others’ hearts and souls, are worth it. That’s the call of this season: a teshuvah of action that’s riskier and far more healing and liberating than thinking or feeling alone. Justice and lovingkindness, community and spirituality, compassion and mercy, forgiveness and repair, Shabbat and Jewish life. All of these call us to do. So in this season of teshuvah, what are you waiting for? Make that call. Send that email. Just do it. Rabbi David Evan Markus is co-chair of the Alliance for Jewish Renewal, the umbrella organization for the Jewish Renewal movement, and co-rabbi of Temple Beth-El of City Island in New York.

Happy New Year

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We welcome back Rabbi Rosenthal, our Rabbi In Residence, as he leads us in prayers for the High Holidays and Cantor Isser, who is also returning to grace us with his wonderful voice.

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Beth Jacob Congregation invites the community to join us for Inspirational High Holiday services. Wednesday, September 20 First Night Rosh Hashanah

Saturday, September 23 Shabbat Shuvah

Thursday, September 21 Rosh Hashanah I

Friday, September 29 Erev Yom Kippur—Kol Nidrei

Minchah/Ma’ariv: 6:30 PM Candle Lighting: 7:19 PM

Morning Service: 8:30 AM Torah Service: 10:00 AM Shofar: 11:30 AM Tashlich: 6:45 PM Minchah/Ma’ariv: 7:15 PM Candle Lighting: 8:15 PM

Friday, September 22 Rosh Hashanah II

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Morning Service: 8:30 AM Torah Service: 10:00 AM Shofar: 11:30 AM Minchah/Ma’ariv: 7:15 PM Candle Lighting: 7:16 PM


Rabbinic Intern Taylor Poslosky • No Tickets Required • SEPT. 20, WEDNESDAY, 8 p.m. Erev Rosh Hashanah, Oneg follows. • SEPT. 21, THURSDAY, 10 a.m. Rosh Hashanah Services. Carry-in dairy luncheon. Children’s Service, 10-11 a.m. • SEPT. 29, FRIDAY, 8 p.m. Kol Nidre Service. • SEPT. 30, SATURDAY, 10 a.m. Yom Kippur. Children’s Service, 10-11 a.m. 4:30 p.m. Afternoon & Yizkor Services, Break the Fast provided. • • Like us on Facebook

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Morning Services: 9:30 AM Havdalah: 8:12 PM

Minchah: 6:45 PM Kol Nidrei: 7:00 PM Candle Lighting/Fast Begins: 7:04 PM

Saturday, September 30 Yom Kippur

Morning Service: 9:00 AM Torah Service: 10:40 AM Yizkor: 12:00 PM Break: 3:00 PM Minchah: 5:15 PM Neilah: 6:45 PM Ma’ariv: 7:50 PM Havdalah: 8:01 PM Shofar Blast/Fast Ends: 8:11 PM

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Yom Kippur reminds of the awesome, awful power of words By Joyce Newmark, JTA For nearly 50 years, my father had a best friend named Al. They grew up in the same neighborhood in Brooklyn, and after returning from the service in World War II, they each married and moved to the same Long Island town and opened related businesses. They were closer than brothers. When my brother and I were growing up, our parents’ wills named Al and his wife, rather than any relatives, as the people who would become our guardians should that become necessary. Even after my parents moved to Nevada, the two couples remained close, speaking on the phone every week or so and visiting back and forth every couple of years. Almost 40 years ago, Al’s daughter was getting married and my parents were planning to travel to New York for the wedding. One day, the two couples were on the phone talking about the wedding. My mother had recently undergone foot surgery and was walking around in ugly postsurgery shoes. “I may have to wear blue jeans and sneakers, but we’ll be there,” she told Al's wife. The response: “But the wedding is formal!” My mother was hurt. She thought the only proper response to her statement was, “We don’t care what you’re wearing, we just want you to be there.” Al’s wife was hurt, too. She felt that my mother had to know how stressed she was trying to plan the perfect wedding and shouldn’t have teased her. Neither would apologize. The phone calls became less frequent and my par-

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ents began saying that traveling to New York would be expensive and uncomfortable — and in early September it would be hot and humid. They decided not to attend the wedding. Nine months later Al was dead of lung cancer and my father finally flew to New York to be a pallbearer at the funeral. Like many men of his generation, my father wasn’t one to talk about his feelings, but from the day Al died, he insisted that when you were invited to a simcha you must go, no matter the circumstances. Still, it was

too late to repair what had been broken. All this hurt resulted because no one involved could take back a few unthinking words spoken in haste. The power of words has a very real, almost physical presence on Yom Kippur. Look at the list of al chets (confessions) we recite again and again on this day. We confess our sins of using foul language, speaking falsehoods, idle chatter, slander, disrespecting our parents and teachers, and spreading gossip. On and on; perhaps half the sins we confess are sins of speech. Why? Because, despite our communal confessions on Yom Kippur, most of us are not thieves or doers of violence. We are not evil people, but sins of words are easy to commit. We do it every day. That’s why at the end of every Amidah we recite the prayer of Mar, son of Ravina, “My God, keep my tongue from evil, my lips from lies,” rather than praying “God, help me not to steal, help me not to murder.” The truth is, you can never take back words, you can’t go back to the time before the words were spoken. There's a story about a man in a small village in Eastern Europe who didn’t like the rabbi. No one knew why he didn’t like the rabbi; perhaps even he didn’t know. But there was no doubt that he didn’t like the rabbi. So, no matter what the rabbi did, this man had something nasty to say about it — often, and to whomever would listen. One year, as the High Holy Days approached, the man realized that his nasty gossip was a terrible sin,

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RELIGION so he went to the rabbi’s office to ask for forgiveness. The rabbi said, “Of course I’ll forgive you, but first you must do something for me. Go home, take your fattest pillow up to the roof, open it up, and shake it out.” The man thought this was odd, but he did as he was asked. It was a windy day and the feathers from the pillow were blown in every direction. He returned to the rabbi and asked again for forgiveness. The rabbi replied, “There’s one more thing. First you have to pick up all the feathers.” Like feathers turned loose, words have a life of their own. You can’t take them back and pretend they were never said because words have power. “Taking back” only happens in children’s games. You can’t forget, but you can forgive. The Torah tells us that the first luchot, the tablets of the Ten Commandments that Moses shattered after the sin of the Golden Calf, were made by God. The second luchot, given after Moses persuaded God not to destroy the Israelites, were made by Moses. God said to Moses, “Carve out two stone tablets like the first ones.” The new ones would not be the same because the people’s sin could not be undone or forgotten, but God could forgive them. Rabbinic tradition holds that the second tablets were given on Yom Kippur as a sign that God forgives and that people must forgive. Forgive doesn’t mean forget, but it is possible to gather the broken pieces and build a new relationship. The rabbis teach that both the second set of tablets and the broken pieces of the first were placed together in the Holy Ark. Why? To teach us that just as the second tablets could be broken as easily as the first, relationships are fragile, so we must guard our tongues. Moreover, even if a break occurs, the relationship can be repaired. It won’t be exactly the same, but a break should not be permitted to last forever. And most importantly, the time to do something about broken relationships is now and not next year or someday. Nothing is more precious than love and friendship. Because words have power, not only to hurt but to heal. Rabbi Joyce Newmark of Teaneck, N.J., is a former religious leader of congregations in Leonia, N.J., and Lancaster, Pa.

Lessons for Yom Kippur from my quirky mother By Diana Bletter, JTA My mother died on the morning right before Yom Kippur three years ago, and my sister and I were not at all surprised. Irreverent, quirky and eccentric, my mother always kvetched about Yom Kippur and would have done anything to miss it. Dying right before the fast day, the holiest day of the Jewish year, meant my mother was up to her old tricks until the very end. It wasn’t because she was anti-Jewish; she was fiercely Jewish, but she’d made up her own brand of Judaism. She always said that Jews should never apologize to God: God should apologize to the Jews. On Yom Kippur, instead of following a traditional fast, she sat at the kitchen table all day as if on guard, manning the telephone, reading the newspaper and watching the news on TV in case something bad happened, primarily to her people. A first-generation American, she rebelled against her Polish-born mother’s traditions because she viewed them as a blend of superstitions and limitations. Yet she was still my best teacher when it came to understanding what being a Jew was all about. To my sister, Cynthia, and me, she passed on an enormous sense of pride. Freud was Jewish! Ralph Lauren was Jewish! All the really talented people on Saturday Night Live were Jewish! On Sunday mornings, armed with a cup of her strong, black coffee, a sesame bagel with the insides pulled out and a cigarette burning, she’d comb the

Style section of The New York Times, studying the names and faces in every wedding announcement, making her own calculations. She counted how many Jews she thought were lost (if the couple was married by an officiating minister), who was gained (if there was only a rabbi) or if it was a tie (both a minister and a rabbi or a judge). When Yom Kippur rolled around each autumn, her anger at God was reignited. On a macro scale, God let Hitler get away with the Holocaust. On a micro level, God caused her father to die of a heart attack when she was 5, forcing my grandmother to raise five children on her own in the Bronx. Despite her outrage, my mother still trooped into the kitchen and followed my grandmother’s recipes for brisket, stuffed cabbage, matzah ball soup with matzah balls so light they defied gravity, and kasha varnishkes. But she cooked while doing a dozen other things, so Cynthia and I held contests each holiday about who found the oddest item in her dishes: Besides the usual stray hairs, we discovered cigarette ashes, a fake fingernail and a rubber band. My mother claimed her belonging to a people who had lost so much to the world and who, despite it all, gave so much back. She was convinced that a Jew’s inheritance was the task of setting things right,

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and took Cynthia and me out of school to attend demonstrations and marches for civil rights and liberal causes. There’s a Jewish saying, “If you save one life, you save the world,” and my mother taught me that with just your own life, you can try to at least improve something. With her pulse on Jewish American culture, she offered her scathing critiques to anyone who happened to be within the circumference of her cigarette smoke. She railed against the stereotypes of the Jewish mother and the Jewish American Princess because she sensed, far earlier than most social commentators, that these caricatures of Jewish women would push Jewish men away from Jewish women. Intermarriage statistics proved her right. That Jewish men laughed at Jewish women, distancing themselves, outraged her. She taught me that words have power. She wasn’t too thrilled, to put it mildly, when I picked up and moved from New York to Israel, leaving her behind, even though she was the one who sent me to Israel when I was 16 in the first place. She ranted each time she called me, but she still paid for my four kids and me to fly back to visit her each summer. What was the lesson? You can — you must — rail against what is bashert, or fated for you, and then you have to do whatever you can to make things better.

The last conversation I had with her was right before she slipped into unconsciousness, the night before I flew back to New York to be with her. Cynthia — who took care of her better than the best of caretakers in her house — had set up Skype for her and I got to see her in her favorite armchair, the whirl of her oxygen machine stopping only so that she could smoke another cigarette. “I love you and I’ll always love you,” she told me into the camera. Then she shouted, “Cynthia! How do I shut this damn thing off?” Rain pounded the roof, lightning flashed and the thunder was louder than fireworks the night she died. It was the perfect theatrical exit for my subversive mother. In the morning, after her soul left for who knows where, after the rains moved on, a rabbi came to the house to make funeral arrangements. He stood at the foot of her bed, talking quietly to Cynthia and me. I said politely to the rabbi, “I don’t think my mother would have wanted you seeing her when she’s dead.” And then I heard my mother’s voice, and I could have sworn I heard her grumbling, “I didn’t want to see him when I was alive.” So, nu, as she would have said, she didn’t instill in me how to be a Jew in the conventional way. She didn’t teach me how to believe, but she taught me how to question. And is there anything more Jewish than that? Diana Bletter is the author of the novel A Remarkable Kindness.

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Pomegranate and Honey Glazed Chicken By Liz Rueven, The Nosher Pomegranates, or rimonim in Hebrew, are among the most recognizable and highly symbolic fruits in Jewish culture. Originating in Persia, these reddish, thick-skinned fruits begin to appear in markets at the end of summer and are readily available for holiday cooking by Rosh Hashanah. According to Gil Marks in The Encyclopedia of Jewish Food, the abundance of seeds is associated with the 613 commandments in the Torah. They serve as symbols of righteousness and fruitfulness, as expressed in the Rosh Hashanah saying, “May we be full of merits like the pomegranate (is full of seeds).” This ancient fruit, prized for its juice and seeds (called arils), is mentioned in the Bible as one of the seven most bountiful agricultural products of ancient Israel. It is associated with fertility and sensuality, and is mentioned six times in the Song of Songs. In biblical times, pomegranates were used to add tart flavors to ancient dishes before lemons and tomatoes were discovered. Since then, pomegranates have been used to add unique and complex dimensions to Sephardic and central Asian soups, stews, sauces, chutneys and desserts. They may be juiced, dried, reduced, ground or pressed into pomegranate oil. Today, pomegranates are prized for their antioxidant and potent nutritional value, just as they were in ancient Egypt when the seeds were believed to heal intestinal disorders. In The New Persian Kitchen, author Louisa Shafia offers numerous pomegranate dishes. She illustrates removing the seeds a few different ways, but I like the “water method” best. Simply slice off the two ends and quarter the fruit with a knife. Submerge the quarters in a bowl of cold water and pull out the seeds with your fingers. The pith and skin float to the surface as the seeds sink to the bottom. Scoop out everything

but the seeds and pour water and seeds through a mesh colander to collect them. It is considered a positive omen, or segulah, to incorporate symbolic foods such as pomegranate in our Rosh Hashanah menus. Whip up this easy chicken dish and you’ll have both bountiful and sweet symbols covered. In this recipe, the symbolic fruit is used in three ways: juice, molasses and seeds. The flavors are bold, tangy and slightly sweet — a Middle Easterninfluenced sweet and sour. Note: The simmer sauce may be prepared two to three days ahead and refrigerated until ready to prepare the chicken.

2 Tbsp. pomegranate seeds

Heat two tablespoons of canola oil in a large pan (you’ll need a lid for later). Sauté chopped onion until soft and translucent. Add minced garlic and sauté for two to three minutes (do not brown). Add pomegranate molasses, juice, honey, broth and spices. Stir and bring to boil. Reduce to an active simmer, and cook uncovered, for about 20 minutes or until sauce is reduced by about half the volume and slightly thickened. Taste sauce and adjust seasoning. Too tart? Add one to two tablespoons of honey. Want more kick? Crack more black pepper. Remove sauce from heat and pour into bowl. Set aside. Wash pan. Rinse chicken parts, pat dry, 1 4-lb. chicken cut in eighths season with salt and pepper. Heat remaining two table(breasts cut in half if large) 4 Tbsp. canola oil (separated: spoons of oil in pan and place chicken parts skin side down. 2 Tbsp. for simmer sauce Brown on one side and flip and 2 Tbsp. for browning to second side. Do not crowd the chicken) chicken in the pan, as this 1 large onion, chopped causes chicken to steam rather 3 cloves garlic, minced than brown. 1/2 cup pomegranate Lower heat, pour prepared molasses simmer sauce over the chicken. 1/2 cup sweetened Cover pan and simmer on low pomegranate juice for 35 to 40 minutes. 1/2 cup honey Remove from pan and platter, 2 cups vegetable or chicken garnishing with chopped parsbroth ley and pomegranate seeds. 1 tsp. cumin 1/2 tsp. powdered ginger 1/8 tsp. allspice Liz Rueven's blog, Kosher Like 1/2 tsp. turmeric Me, features restaurant and salt and pepper to taste product reviews, tips on events where like-minded eaters like her For the garnish: can actually eat. 2 Tbsp. parsley THE DAYTON JEWISH OBSERVER • SEPTEMBER 2017

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Recipes and Photos by Megan Wolf, The Nosher Two things are especially important to my holiday dishes: ease of preparation ahead of time and, of course, appeal to crowds. When time is short — and really when is it not short? — let’s make things as simple as possible. This menu fits the bill while offering a combination of flavors, textures and colors. The Grilled Challah Caprese Salad is one of my favorite dishes and is elevated with a super flavorful — and incredibly easy to make — balsamic glaze. The challah can be grilled ahead of time and set aside in a covered container for up to two days. Israeli couscous cooks very quickly and has a simple flavor profile allowing the grain to take on bolder flavors like the

Israeli Couscous With Dried Fruit

toasted sesame oil and dried fruit. The salmon dish is perfect roasted, pan seared or grilled. The spinach and walnut chimichurri sauce is versatile; try it on chicken or other varieties of fish. It also lasts a few days in the fridge and can be made ahead of time. For those who don’t care for spicy flavors, skip the red pepper flakes. Grilled Challah Caprese Salad 2 cups diced challah 21/2 cups cherry tomatoes 11/2 cups mozzarella balls 1/2 cup balsamic vinegar 3 Tbsp. olive oil plus more for grilling kosher salt to taste 1. Heat a cast-iron grill pan or traditional grill until very hot. 2. Toss challah with olive oil

and place on grill pan, cook until all sides are grilled or slightly charred, set aside. 3. In a large bowl, combine tomatoes and mozzarella and set aside. 4. Immediately before serving, heat a small saucepan over medium heat and reduce balsamic vinegar until thick. 5. Add grilled challah to tomato mixture and drizzle with reduced balsamic vinegar, olive oil and top with kosher salt to taste. 6. Serve immediately. Note: The balsamic glaze can harden if it is overcooked or taken off the heat and left to rest. Reduce immediately before you are ready to serve.

May you enjoy the fruits of a good new year.

Israeli Couscous With Dried Fruit 1 cup water 1 cup vegetable stock 1 cup Israeli couscous 1/4 cup each: golden raisins, traditional raisins and cranberries 2 Tbsp. toasted sesame oil salt to taste 1. In a large saucepan, boil water and vegetable stock, then add couscous and reduce heat to low. 2. Cook couscous until the liquid has almost fully absorbed, about eight minutes, then add dried fruit and continue cooking until all liquid is absorbed. 3. Toss couscous mixture with sesame oil, season to taste with salt and serve immediately. Note: The couscous can clump if it is cooked and left untouched. Serve as soon as Continued on next page

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Easy prep holiday menu Continued from previous page possible after cooking, or toss with a touch of olive oil to help loosen the clumps. Spicy Spinach And Walnut Chimichurri Salmon 2 cups raw baby spinach 1/4 cup parsley 1 tsp. dried oregano 1/2 cup olive oil + more for fish 1/4 cup balsamic vinegar 2 Tbsp. honey 1/2 tsp. red pepper plus more to taste 1/4 cup toasted walnuts salt to taste 4 5-oz. salmon filets 1. Preheat oven to 425 degrees. 2. To make the chimichurri sauce: In a blender or food processor, combine spinach,

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and lightly brush salmon with olive oil and roast for six to eight minutes, or until the fish is cooked to your liking. 4. Top with chimichurri sauce and additional red pepper flakes and serve hot.

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parsley and oregano until finely chopped. Drizzle olive oil and balsamic vinegar, then blend to combine. Add honey, red pepper and walnuts, pulse until combined then season to taste with salt and set aside. 3. Pat dry each salmon filet

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Spicy Spinach and Walnut Chimichurri Salmon

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Kroger is pleased to help you and your family enjoy the tastes and traditions of Rosh Hashanah. With a complete selection of Kosher foods, you can stock up on all your holiday favorites for less.

It’s important to you. It’s important to us.

Come in and check out our wide selection of Kosher meats.

We invite you to stop by our Blue Ash Kroger Store and meet our Mashgiach, Elizar. He and his staff are happy to assist you, providing the special attention and service you and your holiday events deserve!

A large selection of Kosher items are available to serve your needs at the following Kroger locations:

Blue Ash Kosher Service Hours:

Blue Ash Kroger

(Full Service Kosher Department) 4100 Hunt Road • Cincinnati, OH 45242

Centerville Kroger

1023 S. Main Street • Centerville, OH 45459

Stroop Road fresh fare by Kroger

530 E. Stroop Road • Kettering, OH 45249

Harper’s Point Kroger 11390 Montgomery Road • Cincinnati, OH 45249




September Issue - Jewish Observer 1728


SUNDAY-WEDNESDAY 9am-6pm; THURSDAY 9am-8pm; FRIDAY 8am-4pm; SATURDAY CLOSED Fresh Packaged Meats Available 24 Hours Daily




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Skirball Museum Tour

Tuesday, October 10 @ 11:30AM–3PM Dewey’s Pizza (265 Hosea Ave., Cincinnati, 45220) Skirball Museum (3101 Clifton Ave., Cincinnati, 45220) Meet at Dewey’s Pizza for lunch, then head over to the Skirball Museum at 1PM for a tour of the museum along with the Chasing Dreams: Baseball and Becoming American special exhibit. Tour is free. Cost of lunch is on your own. Tour should conclude around 3PM. RSVP by October 3.

RSVP at 937-610-1555 or at PAGE 36

By Stacey Zisook Robinson JTA As a kid, I didn’t live a particularly Jewish life. We were sent to Hebrew school on Tuesdays and Thursdays, and got dropped off at Sunday school. We fidgeted through services occasionally — usually because we were attending a Bar Mitzvah or it was the High Holy Days. I went to Saturday morning services regularly the year before my own Bat Mitzvah because it was a requirement. My parents were under no such requirements; their weekends were filled with other things. Their Judaism came through osmosis, I guess — the act of taking us to temple, their proximity to the building, hearing us practice a prayer or a chant. That was Jewish enough for them. Don’t get me wrong: they took great pride in their Judaism. Not only did they occasionally drop into a service on Shabbat, they never missed attending High Holy Days services, enjoyed lox and bagels on Sunday mornings at the local deli (and the much less kosher ribs on Sunday nights), followed all the “famous” Jews who made it into the news for good (yay!) or ill (oy!), and observed all the holidays they knew of. And by “observe,” I mean Mom cooked a huge meal, and the extended family came to feast. The beginning of every holiday meant soup. Chicken soup, replete with lokshen (noodles), kneidelach (matzah balls, the harder the better), kreplach (think “Jewish ravioli” and you’ll be close). Even those occasional Friday nights when, for no discernible reason, Mom got it into her head to “do Shabbat,” dinner started with chicken soup. And while her mother

would make the noodles from scratch, along with the kreplach and kneidelach, Mom was happy to start with the package variety of everything — but kreplach. My mother visited her mother often. We lived in the south suburbs of Chicago; Bubbie was on the north side, our version of the shtetls of Poland and Russia, though made up of high rises and gorgeous lake views. Her pilgrimage had a specific mission: replenish the kreplach supply. She stored them in the freezer until needed. I would come across the bag every so often as I searched for something else and I would seriously think of taking just one to eat, but in the days before microwaves, I couldn’t come up with a way to do it quickly and, more important, stealthily. As my grandmother aged, the quality of kreplach didn’t diminish, but the amount did. It was difficult for her to chop the meat by hand, in her wooden bowl and with an ancient blade. Somewhere my mother has that recipe for kreplach, as dictated by my Bubbie. There’s even a video of her, my mother, sister-in-law and niece learning the art of kreplach-making. Mom also has the recipes for brisket and chopped liver and challah and roasted chicken and kishke and every other food that has come to mean holiday and feast and family and love. Most are kept in her head. I told her years and years ago that she never needed to

I feel my grandmother with me whenever I make her soup.

Rosh Hashanah dinner at Chabad Chabad of Greater Dayton will host its annual Rosh Hashanah dinner at 7 p.m. on Wednesday, Sept. 20 at 2001 Far Hills Ave., Oakwood. The cost of the traditional four-course dinner is $25 for adults, $10 for children ages 3-12 and college students. R.S.V.P. to Chabad at 643-0770 or at

buy me another present, that for any birthday or holiday, all she needed to do was write down one of the recipes. She swears she’s doing this, but I’m not holding my breath. I know — I could look up the recipe for anything I would ever want to cook on the Internet. But those recipes don’t taste the same as the ones from my mother, who got them from her mother, who got them from her mother, who got them from that long line of ancestors going back into almost forever ago. When I make my soup — as I did last year for Rosh Hashanah — I think back to my Bubbie, whom I called the first time I made her soup. Add some salt, she said. How much? Enough. You’ll taste it. But it’s water, Bubbie! You’ll know. An exasperated sigh. Add the carrots after you’ve skimmed off the dreck that floats to the top. Dreck? Ew. Don’t forget the dill! How much dill? Enough. You’ll know. Oy. I was beginning to sense a pattern here. Finally: And five minutes before it’s done...Wait. What? How will I know when it’s done? You’ll know. I feel my grandmother with me whenever I make her soup. I feel her mother, and hers, and all of them — that long line of them back to forever ago. My kitchen is crowded with their presence, in the steam and the scent and the bubbling pot that holds so much more than soup. I got lost in that thought as I stirred and skimmed that day. My 17-year-old came into the kitchen. “Soup!” he said. I nodded. “You know, you have to write that recipe down for me before I go away to school next year.” I nod again, mostly because I couldn’t talk in that minute. “Is it done yet?” How will I know if it’s done? I’ll know. Stacey Zisook Robinson is the author of the book, Dancing in the Palm of God’s Hand.



Storytelling Turning to Spirituality Series Human beings are hardwired to recognize and tell stories, a fact first demonstrated scientifically in a notable 1944 study, An Experimental Study of Apparent Behavior by Fritz Heider and Marianne Simmel. Participants were shown a short film of two triangles and

Candace R. Kwiatek a circle moving around a stationary rectangle with a doorlike opening. However, instead of seeing animated geometric shapes, all but one of the test subjects created elaborate narratives, complete with motives and emotions, about the twodimensional figures and their movements. In his book, The Art of Immersion: Why Do We Tell Stories? author Frank Rose explains, “Just as the brain detects patterns in the visual forms of nature — a face, a figure, a flower — and in sound, so too it detects patterns in information.” By identifying patterns, we are able to make sense of the world. Stories are also universally recognizable patterns: the quest, overcoming the monster, rags to riches, struggling with God. They help us make sense of reality in a unique manner, allowing us to recognize and express complex ideas and dimensions of the world that we can’t entirely grasp or explain. Stories are the most effective

medium for exploring notions such as virtue, emotions, culture, power, good and evil, extraordinary events, life’s purpose, and the meaning of being human. Such notions that aren’t “objectively real” become tangible in the framework of a story. Judaism is a civilization built upon stories and a storytelling tradition that has continued from biblical times to the present. Every year we reread the saga of our founders in the Torah, retell the story of the Exodus at the Passover Seder, and offer a lively rendition of Esther’s story on Purim. Rabbinic storytelling, midrash, has continued unabated for more than 2,000 years, and the prophet Elijah has been featured in Jewish legends for just as long. Today, we see a revival of the moral and spiritual storyteller known as the maggid, and now the maggida, whose roots can be traced back through medieval Europe to the early centuries of the Common Era. At Judaism’s core are its sacred stories. For many Jewish families, sacred stories are a natural part of life. But what if you’re among the spiritually confused, apathetic, or nonbelievers? How can such tales speak to you or to your children? “How

do you support children’s spirituality when you yourself aren’t sure about belief…or when anything that smells like religion makes you squirm?” Lisa Miller asks in her New York Magazine essay, Why Kids Need Spirituality. Are sacred stories even necessary? According to Columbia University Psychologist Lisa Miller (no relation), author of The Spiritual Child, the answer is a resounding yes. Scientific research consistently demonstrates strong links between an ongoing positive sense of spirituality and superior physical, mental, and emotional health; brain function; human relationships; and professional accomplishments. “In the entire realm of human experience,” Miller writes, “there is no single factor that will protect your adolescent like a personal sense of spirituality…our children need us to support their quest for a spiritually grounded life at every age.” The good news is that spirituality occurs naturally in children, as long as it isn’t quashed with cynicism, anxiety, or impatience, New York Magazine writer Miller notes. Even the most disbelieving parent can help build spiritual children simply by being available and interested, a role she calls “the spiritual ambassador.” It’s not about having all the answers, but rather being a role model who is open to wondering, making discoveries, finding personal connections, and sometimes accepting a bit of mystery. And sacred stories of all kinds are the ideal place to start. The magic of sacred stories is that they can’t be worn out or used up; there is always something waiting to be discovered. And discovery is the key. Meaning that engages the mind, heart, and spirit is generated from the interplay between life experience and the sacred story; spirituality arises from participation and personal discovery. Rabbi Dr. Michael Shire describes one method of inviting participation in sacred stories

The magic of sacred stories is that they can’t be worn out or used up; there is always something waiting to be discovered.

Literature to share The Chameleon that Saved Noah’s Ark by Yael Molchadsky. Vibrant, colorful, and simply told, this children’s tale is the “inside” story of Noah’s Ark. It’s mealtime and no one in Noah’s family can figure out what the chameleons like to eat. Great messages, yummy illustrations, and a totally enchanting animal hero — perfect for the start of the New Year. What Will They Say About You When You Are Gone? Creating a Life of Legacy by Rabbi Daniel Cohen. The starting point for a positive life legacy is the question, “How do you want to be remembered?” according to the author. He then identifies seven principles for reverse-engineering your life. Through a seamless series of delightful anecdotes and quotes, Cohen offers prompts for reflection, exercises to practice, and strategies to explore to help you discover who you are and how to become what you want to be. Informational and inspirational, this is an enjoyable, worthwhile read.

PJ Library

that, while it can’t be fully replicated at home, offers an excellent pattern to follow: Torah Godly Play. It emphasizes listening to the story followed by a series of four wondering questions, none of which has a scripted “right” answer. Each question is followed by unhurried time for the child to formulate a personal response. Feeling: “I wonder what part

of this story you like best?” Evaluating: “I wonder what part of the story is the most important?” Involving: “I wonder where you are in the story? I wonder what part is about you?” Thinking: “I wonder if there is any part of the story we can leave out and still have all the story we need?” Participation in sacred stories through wondering isn’t just for children; you may want to try it yourself. Story is “a thing that does,” not just “a thing that is,” scholar Brian Boyd concludes. Because we are wired to recognize their patterns, stories help us make sense of the world around us. The additional purpose of sacred stories is to help us recognize our spiritual connection to the world. To be fully human, we must engage with both.

The Feldman, Moscowitz and Foster Families wish you a sweet New Year filled with good health and happiness.




Wishing you a new year of health, happiness and peace

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Wishing one and all a year abounding in fulfillment, well-being and peace. Shanah tovah u-metuqah!

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Our Family Serving Your Family For More Than 90 Years

Violet Cohen, age 89, passed away on July 29. She was preceded in death by her parents, Herman and Sarah Kastner; husband, Jack Cohen; and older brother, Louie. She is survived by her daughters, Susan (David) Bender and Judi (Mark Koval) Cohen Mormol; and sons, Bennett (Lauren) Cohen and Robert (Naomi) Cohen; and grandchildren, Jonathan (Amanda), Benjamin, Danielle, Josh, Justin, Danielle, Mollie, Sarah, Brendan and Jacob; as well as her older brother, Bernard. She is also survived by her favorite fur friend, Putzie. Mrs. Cohen was dedicated to her family. She and her husband, Jack, founded a family business and she enjoyed her continued work as the bookkeeper. Interment was at New Tifereth Israel Cemetery in Columbus. Contributions may be made to Columbus Jewish Federation or Congregation Tifereth Israel.

Stuart I. Fickler, Ph.D., age 84 of Washington Township, passed away July 18. He earned his Ph.D. in physics at Syracuse University. Dr. Fickler came to Dayton to work at WPAFB in the Aerospace Research Lab. His work was published in many scientific journals. He is survived by his wife, Doris Fickler, daughter Karen (David) Alexander of Israel, son David (Jenny) Fickler of Florida, daughter Joyce Leahr of Cincinnati, daughter-in-law Bobbi Fickler of West Milton, Ohio, sister Sandra Bernstein of New Jersey, stepchildren Lyda Northern (Lonnie Cox), James (Rhonda) Altick both of Tennessee, many grandchildren and greatgrandchildren. Interment was at David's Cemetery. Memorial contributions may be made to the charity of your choice.

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Arthur Shone, age 84 of Dayton, passed away Aug. 17 at his home. Born to Samuel and Dorothy Shone in Cincinnati, the family moved to Dayton in 1935. After graduating from Fairview High School and The Ohio State University, he served in the Army, stationed in Germany. Upon his return he worked for the Arthur Beerman Company, then he was the founding general manager of WDAO R&B radio station. In the ‘70s, together with his wife LaVerne Shone, they founded the Glamour School of Modeling, Face Place & Ultimo, a women’s fashion boutique located in the Victory Theatre building. In the ‘80s, he became a co-founder and managing partner of the Dayton Investment Group, a real-estate development and management company. As a lifelong Daytonian, he was an avid golfer who won multiple championships at Meadowbrook Country Club. His many passions included art, theatre, opera and travel. He is survived by his son Roy, daughter Lynn (Brad), daughter Julie (Chris), son John, sister Paula (Herb), grandchildren Alex, Camilla, Erin (Ryan) and Josh, great-granddaughter Addy, loving nieces, nephews, extended family and friends. A dedicated son, brother, father, husband, friend: he passed having kept every friend he ever made. He will be dearly missed. A celebration of life will be held in late September. Joseph Tarsky of Dayton, passed away on Aug. 17, 2017 just a few months from his 100th birthday. He had been living with his son Robert in Easton, Mass. for the last year. Mr. Tarsky retired from GM. He was a lifetime member of Beth Jacob Synagogue, where he had been very active over the years. His hobbies were gardening and the stock market. Mr. Tarsky was preceded in death by his wife, Lillian G. Tarsky, and daughter, Rochelle Tarsky. He is survived by sons, Robert S. (Eileen) of Easton, Mass. and William E. (Ilene) of Las Vegas; grandchildren, Michelle Brown, Adam Tarsky, Joshua (Jennifer) Tarsky; two great-grandchildren, Aviva and Elana, several nieces and cousins, all of whom loved him dearly. Interment was at Beth Jacob Cemetery. Memorial contributions may be made to Old Colony Hospice, 321 Manley St., W. Bridgewater, MA 02379.



Jerry Lewis, comedian and filmmaker, dies at 91 By Tom Tugend, The Jewish Journal LOS ANGELES — Jerry Lewis, the Jewish slapstick comedian, singer, actor, film producer and director, screen writer and humanitarian, died Aug. 20 at his home in Las Vegas. He was 91 and had been in poor health for some years. Lewis was born in Newark into a show business family, as the son of Daniel Levitch, an all-around performer, and mother Rachel (“Rae”), a pianist and her husband’s musical director. As with many other aspects of their son’s life, even his first name is a matter of controversy. According to his birth certificate, he was born Jerome Levitch, but in his autobiography, he gave his first name as Joseph. During a professional career spanning some seven decades, Lewis appeared in and directed at least 46 films, and made innumerable radio, television, and stage appearances. He made his debut as a five-year old, singing Brother, Can You Spare a Dime, in a Borscht Belt resort in New York state’s Catskill Mountains. In 1946, he teamed up with crooner Dean Martin in what was often lauded as the most successful comedy duo in history. Within a few months, the duo’s earnings went from $250 a week to

as host of the telethon for his beloved “Jerry’s Kids” until 2010, raising more than $2 billion during those years. He received the Academy of Motion Pictures Arts & Sciences’ Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award for his charitable activity in 2009. He has two stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame — one for his movie work, the other for television. Lewis, whose comedy style remained popular in France, was inducted by the French government into the Légion d’Honneur in 2006. In 2015, the Library of Congress announced that it had acquired Lewis’ personal archives. In a statement, he said, “Knowing that the Library of Congress was interested in acquiring my life’s work was one of the biggest thrills of my life,” according to The New York Times. Lewis had two heart attacks, prostate cancer and pulmonary fibrosis. He also had suffered from a painkiller dependency in the 80s. He had six sons with his first wife Patty Palmer, Gary, Ronnie, Scott, Anthony, Christopher and Joseph, who died in 2009. He is survived by his second wife, SanDee Pitnick, and their daughter.

Larry French/Getty Images for The Friars Club during the 1960s was The $5,000. Nutty Professor and Three Lewis himself deon a Couch. scribed the collaboUnlike many Jewish ration between the comedians and celebrihandsome, singing ties, Lewis rarely talked or Martin and himself made jokes about his Jewas a “sex and slapish heritage. The closest he stick” collaboration. came was in the 1972 film Together, Lewis The Day the Clown Cried. and Martin made The film was about 16 films together, a non-Jewish German including My Friend circus clown, played by Irma Goes West, The Lewis, who is imprisoned Stooge, and Hollyin a concentration camp wood or Bust. for mocking Hitler. In The duo sepathe camp, he insists on rated, with considperforming for Jewish erable acrimony, children and the SS guards after 10 years, and use the clown to lead the though embittered, Comedian Jerry Lewis attends Lewis went on to a The Lincoln Awards: A Concert For children to the Auschwitz Veterans & The Military Family at gas chambers. He insists hugely successful the Kennedy Center, Washington, on joining them as they are and lucrative solo D.C., Jan. 7, 2015 killed. career. In the midFirst passionate about fifties, his solo album Jerry Lewis Just the project, Lewis eventually hid all the Sings, sold a phenomenal 1.5 million footage, saying he was too embarrassed copies. to show it. His movie career also hit new highs, “I was ashamed of the work,” he and in 1959, Lewis signed a pathbreaksaid. “It was bad, bad, bad.” ing new contract with Paramount, Lewis began hosting the annual Lawhich paid him $10 million up front bor Day weekend Muscular Dystrophy and 60 percent of box office profits. Association telethon in 1966, remaining Among his most successful movies

JTA contributed to this report.




Dayton City Paper






New kids’ books for the High Holy Days By Penny Schwartz, JTA A challah-baking Jewish giant, a young baseball champ, and an endearing boy in a pumpkin patch are among the stars of delightful new books for kids published for the High Holy Days. Big Sam: A Rosh Hashanah Tall Tale By Eric A. Kimmel; illustrated by Jim Starr, Apples & Honey Press; ages 3-8 Samson the Giant, known as “Big Sam” to his friends, sets out to make a giant round challah in preparation for Rosh Hashanah. Big Sam begins by digging a big hole — the Grand Canyon — to use as a mixing bowl. Step by massive step, Big Sam crisscrosses the U.S., filling his bowl with a mountain of flour, a lake of oil, thousands of eggs and more. For water, he dams up the Colorado River and then whittles a giant California redwood into a spoon for stirring. But before he can celebrate the holiday, two bald eagles caution the giant that he's caused an awful lot of damage to the environment — flattening hills and threatening habitats. In the spirit of the holiday, Big Sam considers his misdeeds and sets about to make things right. When he's finally ready to dig into the huge challah, Big Sam welcomes in Rosh Hashanah with his American tall-


tale pals, Paul Bunyan and Slue Foot Sue among them. Yom Kippur Shortstop By David A. Adler; illustrated by Andre Ceolin, Apples & Honey Press; ages 4-8 The story opens as a young boy named Jacob makes the winning catch in the last inning of his Little League game. If they win the next game, they’ll be the champions — but the final game is on Yom Kippur. After reminding Jacob that Yom Kippur is an important holiday, Jacob's father says, “Think about what you want to do.” Over the course of the next few days, Jacob does just that. Will he go to the game or spend the day at synagogue with friends and family, observing the holy Jewish day? No spoilers here, but Jacob eventually realizes that he’s part of many teams: his family, friends, his people and Little League. This relatable, deftly told story taps into the reality facing many American Jewish families today: the conflicts between Jewish holidays and the secular calendar of school, sports, recitals and

other activities. The story is inspired by the Jewish baseball legend Sandy Koufax, who sat out the opening game of the 1965 World Series because it was Yom Kippur. In his author's note, Adler introduces the Hall of Fame pitcher to his young readers.

comes to an end, Micah is unexpectedly delighted when he discovers that a pumpkin headed to the compost pile offers up seeds he can plant for next year's “perfect” Sukkot pumpkin.

Moti the Mitzvah Mouse by Vivian Newman; illustrated by Inga Knopp-Kilpert, Kar-Ben; ages 2-5 Moti, a busy little mouse with a big heart, lives under the sink at the Bermans’ house. When the Berman kids — and the family cat — are asleep, Moti The Best Sukkot Pumpkin Ever secretly wanders the house finding ways By Laya Steinberg; illustrations by Colleen Madden, Kar- to be helpful. Each page finds Moti doing a mitzvah: He feeds the fish, he puts Ben; ages 4-9 away misplaced toys, he collects loose Micah can hardly contain his enthusiasm coins left around and puts them in the for picking pumpkins tzedakah box. Lively illustrations make this an at Farmer Jared’s engaging, interactive read that kids will pumpkin patch. He want to read again and again. and his family join others from their synagogue who are helpIt Only Takes a Minute ing the farmer pick By Bracha Goetz; illustrated by Bill the last of the season's Bolton, Hachai Publishing; ages 2-5 pumpkins to donate to A young boy in an Orthodox family a soup kitchen. Micah, discovers that small acts of kindness can however, thinks he’s make a big difference, when he rememsearching for the bers to do them, of course. Throughout perfect pumpkin to decorate his famthe book, the boy learns “it only takes ily’s sukkah, the temporary hut Jewish a minute” to do good deeds, such as families build to celebrate the fall harvest saying “thank you” or to thoughtfully festival of Sukkot. say a bracha (a blessing), even when he He learns about generosity: he picks is rushing for the school bus. At a soccer many more “perfect” pumpkins, turning game, he takes a minute to appreciate them over to Farmer Jared to use to help the nature around him. Even young kids feed the hungry. But what about Micah’s can and should make the effort to do own sukkah? As the day at the farm what is right.




2017–2018 SPEAKER SERIES See their experiences. Feel their stories. Be there on the front lines of our planet’s most amazing environments.

Mireya Mayor


Terry Virts Bertie Gregory


January 28 & 29, 2018 Victoria Theatre

February 18 & 19, 2018 Victoria Theatre

March 11 & 12, 2018 Victoria Theatre

Photography: Brent Stirton

Photography: Bertie Gregory

Photography: Terry Virts






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Joan Nathan & Whole Foods Market! This September, “the queen of American Jewish Cooking” is partnering with us to bring you some favorites from her latest cookbook, King Solomon’s Table. Our chef’s cases and hot bars will feature special ready to serve holiday dishes: COD WITH TOMATOES, DRIED PLUMS, ONIONS AND PINE NUTS SLIGHTLY SWEET AND SOUR CABBAGE SEVEN SACRED SPECIES SALAD WITH WHEAT BERRIES, BARLEY, FIGS, GRAPES AND POMEGRANATE SWEET AND CRUNCHY KUGEL TAHINA COOKIES

Receive a free copy of King Solomon’s Table when you place a High Holiday order of $100 or more at* *Good on individual online orders placed by September 27; one book per customer.

$35 VALUE!

The Dayton Jewish Observer, September 2017  

Dayton, Ohio's Jewish Monthly