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Sophisticated kosher wines for Passover p. 33 April 2017 Nisan/Iyar 5777 Vol. 21, No. 7

Published by the Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton

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Bibi’s threat to dissolve govt.

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Friendship Village Retirement Community

Happy Passover

From the residents & staff of Friendship Village

Annual Health Fair The public is invited for screenings and health information Wednesday, April 12, 10 a.m. - 1 p.m. Please enter at Door 1, Main Entrance

Join our Diabetic Support Group Tuesday, April 11, 10:30 a.m. & 6 p.m. (2nd Tuesday each mo.) with Gem City Home Care Certified Diabetes Educator Mara Lamb. For more information call Pam Hall, 837-5581 ext. 1269.

You’re Invited

Join us for our traditional Shabbat dinner with all your favorites Program led by Joe Bettman

Friday, April 28, 5:15 p.m. In The Atrium Dining Room Friday Night Shabbat is $10 per person. R.S.V.P. to 837-5581 ext. 1274.

7 a.m. - 2 p.m. Monday through Friday. Located directly inside the Atrium entrance. Stop in & join us for a cup of coffee & Friendship Village Hospitality.

Call Pam Hall today for details

937-837-5581 Ext 1269 5790 Denlinger Road, Dayton, OH 45426 • PAGE 2


Transferring pain to pages Marshall Weiss

Robert Kahn didn’t want to revisit memories of Nazi Germany. He had to.

By Marshall Weiss The Observer To a generation of Dayton-area schoolchildren, he is known as the boy the Nazis forced to play the violin on Kristallnacht while they beat his father with clubs, ransacked the family’s apartment, and burned their posessions. But Robert Kahn would also go on to work for Operation Paper Clip — the secret U.S. intelligence and military program that brought German scientists Robert Kahn started writing his autobiography 27 years ago to work for the U.S. government at the end of World War II. “(Writing) gave me the ability to share Kahn, who has never spoken publicly it, and then close the book,” he says. about Operation Paper Clip, will discuss “It’s not good to keep those memories the emotional challenges he faced on the alive in the way that you deal with it on project, when he delivers the keynote a daily basis. My sister did that, and she speech for this year’s Greater Dayton passed away because she could not live Yom Hashoah Remembrance, on April her life without, on a daily basis, think23. ing about the past.” His reflections on Operation Paper Clip are also detailed in his newly-pub- An ‘autopsy’ on himself lished encyclopedic autobiography, The It took Kahn 27 years to write his auHard Road of Dreams: Remembering Not To tobiography. He describes the process as Forget. “performing an autopsy” on himself. With Kahn’s burden — to carry so “I have to use that term because that’s many painful memories — now transwhat it really is, and that’s what it felt ferred to the printed page, the 93-yearlike.” old says he feels tremendous relief. After Kahn made his way to the “The entire area is very difficult for United States, he fought with the U.S. me to talk about,” he says of his family’s Army Air Forces in the Pacific and then situation in Nazi Germany. Though he, attended the University of Oklahoma. his parents and sister ultimately manWhile living in Chicago, in 1946, he saw aged to escape, 18 members of their a newspaper ad looking for people who family did not. knew technical German. He responded “It’s very sad,” he says. “I’ve made and was assigned to work in army intelan effort throughout my life, especially ligence at Wright Field. with the family — my wife, Gertrude, “And that job, it turned out, was Opmy children, my grandchildren — to eration Paper Clip,” he says. “It was top talk as little about it as I could.” secret. It had to do with German scienBut his children and grandchildren tists that were brought over for picking kept asking him for details. their brains in regard to what they were doing. My job was to interrogate some of them.” Robert Kahn is the keynote speaker Of the more than 1,600 German for the Greater Dayton Yom Hashoah scientists brought to work for the U.S. Remembrance, at 4 p.m. on Sunday, April government through Operation Paper 23 at Temple Beth Or, 5275 Marshall Clip, 86 aeronautical engineers were Rd., Wash. Twp. Max May Memorial sent to Wright Field. The aim of OperaHolocaust Art Contest entries will be tion Paper Clip was to gain military on display beginning at 3 p.m. For more advantages over the Soviet Union in the information, call Jodi Phares at 610-1555. Continued on Page Seven

IN THIS ISSUE Arts & Culture...............................38

O p i n i o n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 6

Calendar of Events.......................17


Family Education.........................37

Re l i g i o n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28

Kvelling Corner............................18

Wo r l d . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 0 THE DAYTON JEWISH OBSERVER • APRIL 2017


Deborah Lipstadt’s mission to defend the truth Speaker for Federation Presidents Dinner hopes film clarifies that ‘Holocaust denial is not an opinion’ Emory University

By Anne Joseph Times of Israel “Oh, I’m having a good time!” laughs historian and professor Deborah Lipstadt when asked how she is. “Nothing I did prepared me for the trial and nothing I imagined — even in my wildest dreams — prepared me for this ride. It’s amazing!” Lipstadt is referring to the film Denial, which recounts the true story of her historic, high-profile, legal battle against Holocaust denier David Irving. The film, based on her book, History on Trial: My Day in Court with David Irving, stars Academy Award winner Rachel Weisz as Lipstadt. Lipstadt will keynote the Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton’s Presidents Dinner on May 7. In 1996, Lipstadt and her Deborah Lipstadt publisher, Penguin Books, were sued for libel in England that what she had written about by Irving, whom she had called him was true. They had to show a Holocaust denier in her book that Irving had ignored eviDenying the Holocaust. dence of the Holocaust — rather In such cases, under English than proving that the Holocaust law, the burden of proof rests had happened — by using on the defendant, so Lipstadt expert witnesses and working and her lawyers had to prove through Irving’s historical writDeborah Lipstadt is the keynote speaker for the Jewish Federation Presidents Dinner Annual Campaign kickoff at 5 p.m. on Sunday, May 7 at the Boonshoft Center for Jewish Culture and Education, 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville. The cost is $75 for adults, $36 for students and adults 30 and under. R.S.V.P. to Alisa Thomas, 610-1555 or at

The Adventures of

Bark Mitzvah Boy c O 2017 Menachem

Wishing you an

Egg-ceptionally meaningful Passover!


He cracks me up.

ings to demonstrate where he had lied about it. At the end of the 10-week trial, High Court Judge Charles Gray found for Lipstadt. In his judgment, he held that Irving had, “for his own ideological reasons persistently and deliberately misrepresented and manipulated historical evidence” to portray Hitler “in an unwarrantedly favorable light,” particularly in his treatment of the Jews. He also found Irving to be an “active Holocaust denier; that he is antisemitic and racist, and that he associates with right-wing extremists who promote neoNazism.” Lipstadt says the experience has been overwhelming. However, amid all the razzmatazz, there have been many affecting moments, which at times have caught her unawares. One occurred even in a joint press interview with Rachel Weisz, when she was describing how, during the trial, survivors would reach out to touch her. “It’s actually been…the whole thing has actually been kind of emotional,” she says, her voice cracking. “When I was leaving for the premiere in this beautiful Cadillac, I thought, ‘Think about where you’re going, it’s amazing.’ But then I thought about all the people who were involved in this victory, in the making of the film, in telling the story, (as well as)

From the editor’s desk

To remember weighs heavily on the Jewish people. We are commanded to remember our joy, our pain, and our trajectory toward improving ourselves and our world. In Exodus 12:14, God Marshall tells Moses regarding Passover, Weiss “This day shall be to you one of remembrance.” The rest of the Torah narrative barely hints at what remembrance must have been like in the hearts of the former slaves who were the Israelites. Yes, they celebrated for their freedom and for entering the Covenant with God, tempered with patience to carry out the term of 40 years in the desert. There must have been great internal pain too. The pain of having their children ripped from them and murdered by Egyptians, the pain of backbreaking slavery, and the pain of seeing loved ones slaughtered in the desert for violating the laws of the Covenant. It must have been a private, heavy pain, similar to that carried by those who survived the Holocaust.

all the people who supported me. This is about real people whose pain and suffering has been denigrated and denied. So what should have been a moment of pure joy and anticipation, became much more pregnant with meaning.” “Even though this is a star laden Hollywood, London production,” she continues, her tone still somber, “there’s a solemnity, an element of reality to the story.” Her hope is that, ultimately, “the film does some good.” Lipstadt believes that the film

emphasizes certain core issues, which also have contemporary resonance. “This is not ‘just’ a Holocaust film,” she says. “That would have been big enough. But it has — and none of us expected it would — a much bigger message in that this is about truth and lies. Not truth and opinion. Holocaust denial is not an opinion. If you have an opinion that’s rooted in a lie, that’s a falsehood, an untruth. I think that this film really zeros in on that.” Continued on Page Six

‘If you have an opinion that’s rooted in a lie, that’s a falsehood, an untruth.’

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L oft t heatre • D owntown Dayton


Beth Abraham honors Women of Valor May 3 Editor and Publisher Marshall Weiss 937-853-0372

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Contributors Rabbi Judy Chessin Rachel Haug Gilbert Candace R. Kwiatek Advertising Sales Executive Patty Caruso, Proofreaders Karen Bressler, Rachel Haug Gilbert, Joan Knoll, Pamela Schwartz Billing Jeri Kay Eldeen, 937-853-0372

Beverly A. Farnbacher

by Ernest Thompson directed by Richard E. Hess

APR 6–23, 2017 About the Show For forty-eight years, Norman Thayer and his energetic wife, Ethel, have been spending the summers at their lakeside home on Golden Pond, fishing and watching for loons. This year, their divorced daughter, Chelsea, her new fiancé and his thirteen year old son make an unexpected visit. When Norman develops an unlikely friendship with the boy, it reinvigorates the grumpy retired professor and highlights the rocky relationship between this father and his now middle-aged daughter. As the summer days grow short, there is still time for their family to heal, and to rediscover the joys in everyday life.

Esther Feldman

Linda Horenstein

Beth Abraham Synagogue will honor seven women for their efforts on behalf of the Jewish and general communities when it holds its seventh Women of Valor luncheon, on Wednesday, May 3 at 11:30 a.m. This year’s Women of Valor honorees are Rena Beyer, Leslie Stein Buerki, Susan Joffe Debbie DiSalvo, Beverly A. Farnbacher, Esther Feldman, Linda Horenstein, and Susan Joffe. The luncheon, a fund-raiser for the Beth Abraham Synagogue Sisterhood, is open to the community. Participants are asked to bring new personal care items such as lotions, nail polish, perfume, makeup and jewelry to help stock the Montgomery County Common Pleas Court Women’s Therapeutic Store. For reservations to the luncheon, call the synagogue office at 293-9520 by April 21.

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DAYTON Organizing 101 with JFS & Hadassah

Downsize, Declutter and Donate is the theme of Jewish Family Services and Hadassah’s collaborative program on Sunday, April 30 from 2 to 4 p.m. at the Boonshoft CJCE. The aim of the program and its seminars is to help participants simplify the overwhelming task of paring down possessions. “If you feel bogged down by wall-to-wall stuff, avoid inviting people over because of hoarding, or if you are planning to move into a smaller residence or a retirement home, you don’t want to miss this event,” says Dayton Hadassah President Cherie Rosenstein. Leading seminars for the program will be Lori Firsdon of Forte Organizers and Allen Nelson of Next Steps Senior Transitions. Admission is $5 and includes refreshments. R.S.V.P. by April 24 to Karen Steiger at 610-1555.

Chocolate fun at Temple Israel

Temple Israel will present an evening with Rabbi Deborah R. Prinz, author of Jews on the Chocolate Trail, at 7:30 p.m. on Thursday, April 20. Prinz will talk about the Jewish connections to chocolate, followed by Rabbi Deborah a chocolate R. Prinz reception and book signing. The program is free and open to public. For more information, call 496-0050.


Passover 2017 Sharing the Celebration of Freedom. Sharing the Celebration of Life.

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Wishing you a very Happy Passover.

Entries sought for student Holocaust art & writing contest Local students in grades five through 12 are encouraged to submit entries to the Max and Lydia May Memorial Holocaust Art and Writing Contest, sponsored by the Holocaust Education Committee of the Jewish Federation. This year’s theme is The Holocaust: The World Watched In Silence. The deadline for submissions is Friday, April 7. Winners will be recognized at the Greater Dayton Yom Hashoah Remembrance at 4 p.m. on Sunday, April 23 at Temple Beth Or. For a contest entry form, call Jodi Phares at 610-1555.

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including my family. It’s weird, what can I say?” she laughs. The production was made with the full cooperation of Continued from Page Three the Auschwitz Museum, who There exists, she says, “this worked very closely with them. denial of facts. Whether you’re Filming is not permitted inside talking about the American the grounds of the camp other presidential election or Brexit or than for documentary film purthe Sandy Hook massacre, for poses, she explains, so actors example — some people, just are shown just outside it, with today, are denying that (Sandy shots of the camp in the backHook) really happened, that it ground. was set up by the Obama adAny scenes depicting an ministration to get gun control actor on the property of Austhrough. Or 9/11. That it was chwitz, such as the gas chamber the CIA…or Israel… (These remains, were recreated in the claims are) completely false, U.K. unproven, no evidence but Although the film does they get traction. What we have reference the financial today is lies parading as Alberto E. Rodriguez/Getty Images support that Lipstadt opinions.” received in fighting the For Lipstadt, the film case, she admits that reiterates the importance she wishes it “had been of defending truth and played up more. Cerchallenging lies. “You tainly that the money can’t fight every battle, raised was very imporbut there are certain tant because Mishcon de battles you can’t turn Reya (her U.K. law firm) away from.” devoted themselves fullIn the years since the time on this.” trial, Holocaust denial There are obvious has shifted in its presenlimitations in adapting a tation. book for the screen but “We addressed the there were other aspects easier form of Holocaust of her book that she denial, what I call hardwished had been incorcore Holocaust denial,’” porated in the film. she says. “I think the support I This form is characterreceived from people… ized by a distortion of (including) from Emory facts and differs from (where Lipstadt is the what Lipstadt refers to Deborah Lipstadt (R) with Rachel Weisz at the 2016 Toronto Film Festival Dorot Professor of as “softcore Holocaust Modern Jewish History denial,” defined by the and Holocaust Studies), which I made of the ring that Lipstadt use of false comparisons. talked about a lot in the book,” “What we have now is where wears. Lipstadt credits Weisz for her she says. you talk about the idea, the “Emory is not a Jewish Nazi-like tactics of the idea. For research before shooting the university. It supported me so example, you can disagree with movie but also during filming, strongly and did so, not only where she would often check Israel’s policies on a gazillion things out with Lipstadt, query- when this was a big case but at things, but they are not behavthe very outset, because they ing her response to something ing like the Nazis. Or you can felt it was the right thing. The or confirming how she spoke. say that the Palestinians are film I would have made would “She was so careful about being mistreated, that what is have been three and half hours that. I have such respect for happening to them is totally long!” she says laughing, again. Rachel. She’s a terrific person, wrong, but there’s no genoIn many ways the trial and a professional’s professional,” cide. But you get those terms its aftermath have redefined her Lipstadt says. — holocaust, genocide — used — she became a public persona, While Weisz seems to have by people who want to either demean the Holocaust, demean perfected Lipstadt’s distinctive, whose passionate and engaging teaching and speaking are the Jewish people or the Jewish broad Queens accent, Lipstadt constantly in demand, worldadmits that she can’t hear how state,” Lipstadt says. wide. But the experience has much she sounds like her — To date, she says, there has not changed her. although, “Everybody says it, only been one response from “I’m the same person that I was before (the trial) and I don’t say that in a self-effacing manner. And what I have to say is the same. What I’m hoping is that more people will hear it. If this story, this film — and it already has — gives me an even broader audience to give the Alan & Elyse Berg message about fighting denial, fighting prejudice and fighting Wishing the community evil, then as we might say at a Happy Passover Pesach, dayenu.” David Irving regarding the film but she does not elaborate other than to say, “I don’t pay attention to that.” Instead, she is keen to highlight the attention to detail that both the filmmakers — and Rachel Weisz — took in making Denial. She stresses that everything that takes place in the courtroom has come directly from the actual trial testimony, including the words of expert witnesses and the line of questioning taken by both Irving and Rampton. Director, Mick Jackson, she says, “wanted to get it exactly right,” even getting a copy



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“I didn’t like the work that I said, ‘Bob, don’t talk about this was doing because of the nature anymore. You’re spoiling everyof the work, which dealt with body’s evening.’ creating an organization dedi“It upset me so much that I Continued from Page Two Cold War, and later on, in the cated to defense, and this meant decided not to speak about it space race. vehicles that would go out and anymore. And that reflected the “I hated those guys, and it kill people. Having attitude of many was kind of difficult to work been through the people: because with them and not show my Holocaust and the what was going dislike for them and the work war, this was not on in Germany, that they did,” Kahn recalls. my forte,” he says. in Europe, was so “I found out much about the “But in order terrible, people scientific experiments they had to make a living, I couldn’t underperformed using human beings did the best I could stand it, weren’t as test vehicles. And these test under the circumsure that it was vehicles were, in most cases, stances, and tried truthful. It was so Jews.” to do as good a job upsetting to them The German scientists didn’t as I could.” — including many talk to Kahn about those experiHe says he Jews.” ments; he read about them in never talked about Kahn changed the captured documents that Operation Paper course about 25 were available to him. Clip because of the years ago, when He says their experiments in government’s re- U.S. Army Pvt. Robert Kahn the caretaker of Nazi Europe were carried out quirement to keep the house where to determine the ability of pilots everything secret. he used to live in Mannheim to withstand extreme condi“In the book, I only touch the sent him the violin from his tions such as hypothermia and surface of the work that I was youth; it had been hidden in the submersion in water. doing,” Kahn says. “I could not house all those years. “Many of the test subjects go into specifics. And yet, you That violin, which Kahn was never made it through the exwill get the sense of the kind of forced to play on Kristallnacht, periments,” Kahn says. work and the strain on me to is on display with the Prejudice “There were a number of perform under those circumand Memory Holocaust exhibit situations that I got involved in stances.” at the National Museum of the that caused a lot of embarrassFor his autobiography, Kahn U.S. Air Force. ment to me, because of their also conducted meticulous Kahn used to speak to attitude that came about at research on his 18 family mem- thousands of middle and high certain occasions,” he says. bers who were murdered in the school students each year when Once, when he heard a few Holocaust. they visited the exhibit, and at of the scientists complain in “It was very important to their schools. the cafeteria at Wright Field me that I find out as much as These days, though, he’s about the quality of the food — I could about them, at least gotten away from talking to comparing it to the food they in their final hours,” he says. groups. were used to in Germany — he “Otherwise, their names would “If affects me so much,” picked up their trays and put be lost, their lives would not be he says. “I can do it once in a them on the conveyor belt to remembered, and my children while, but not too often.” the kitchen. and grandchildren would never That’s why he began writing “I was so emotionally inknow about it.” the book 27 years ago. When volved that it was very difficult someone asks him questions, he for me to let that conversation can now point to the book. A reluctant speaker go by,” Kahn says. “Of course “When you talk about it, it Kahn didn’t speak publicly they complained, and I was comes back to life.” about the Holocaust until his called to the front office and got later years, because of an incia dressing down.” dent when he first arrived in After two years, and with the United States. appy assover most of the scientists sent to “I was invited by a lady that other locations, Kahn transbelonged to Temple Sinai in ferred to work on the base in Chicago to come for services procurement and resources. and join for the Oneg,” he says. He retired from Wright-Patt in “She asked me to talk to people 1985. about what was happening in Even after his work on OpGermany. And so I did. After eration Paper Clip, Kahn says a while, this lady who had he was conflicted in his jobs at invited me came to me as I was the base. talking to a few people and



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OSU Hillel drops Jewish LGBT group for co-sponsoring event by pro-BDS group

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By Josefin Dolsten, JTA Ohio State University’s Hillel cut ties with a Jewish LGBTQ student group for co-sponsoring an event organized by Jewish Voice for Peace, an organization that supports the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions movement. The divorce is the latest flare-up in an ongoing dispute among campus Jewish groups over Hillel International guidelines rejecting partnerships with groups deemed hostile toward Israel. Ohio State Hillel ended its affiliation with the LGBTQ group B’nai Keshet after it decided to co-sponsor a Purim drag show, which took place on March 3 and raised money for a Columbus-based initiative to aid LGBTQ refugees. In its standards on partnership, Hillel International bans partnerships between its affiliates and groups that deny Israel’s right to exist, delegitimize the Jewish state, or support the BDS movement. B’nai Keshet Vice President Elaine Cleary said that Hillel dropped funding and support of the group at the end of February, when B’nai Keshet refused to withdraw its co-sponsorship of the JVP event following an overwhelming vote by its 12

members. The event was cosponsored by 15 student and local groups. Cleary, a fourth-year student, said the group was upset by the fact that LGBTQ students would no longer have representation in Ohio State Hillel, which includes a range of Jewish groups under its umbrella. “(N)ot only are we not going to be able to be a visible proud part of the Hillel Jewish community, we’re also not going to be able to reach LGBT Jewish people who go to Hillel anymore,” she said. “If you’re a freshman coming to Shabbos for the first time, you’re not going to see our fliers.” She added: “I feel now that I have to choose whether I’m going to be going to Hillel or whether I’m going to be going to the (LGBTQ) Pride (events), and I hate feeling that way. It just feels really unnatural.” Hillel International and Ohio State Hillel emphasized its support for the LGBTQ community in a joint statement to JTA. “In keeping with the mission and values of Ohio State Hillel and Hillel International, our affiliation with B’nai Keshet (formally Jewish Queers & Allies) has unfortunately ended, as B’nai Keshet has chosen to act outside of our programming

guidelines,” the statement said. “Ohio State Hillel and Hillel International have consistently and proudly supported its LGBTQ community for more than 20 years. We regularly program and co-sponsor events that showcase the experiences of lesbians, gays, bisexual, transgender and queer people on campus, in our country and in Israel, and partner with other LGBTQ groups.” The Hillel statement said that B’nai Keshet had declined efforts by the OSU Hillel “to seek alternative ways to engage with B’nai Keshet on the LGBTQ refugee issue,” and that it “is actively exploring new ways to engage our active LGBTQ community members.” Cleary said B’nai Keshet was hoping to rejoin the OSU Hillel, but only if it nixed its standards of partnership. She said the guidelines had made it impossible for B’nai Keshet to partner with many LGBTQ groups on campus, since the majority of those groups had endorsed calls to divest from Israel. On March 20, B’nai Keshet released a joint statement with Open Hillel — a grassroots movement that promotes open campus dialogue about Israel — calling on Hillel to end the standards of partnership.

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100+ Holocaust memorial groups & scholars to Trump: keep office monitoring antisemitism Office to Monitor and Combat “The need becomes clearer Antisemitism, to be headed by by the day as hatred, like a the special envoy. tidal wave, sweeps across the Jewish groups and lawmaknation,” read the statement, which was written by members ers have urged the president of the Association of Holocaust to keep the office, including the American Jewish CommitOrganizations. tee and the Simon Wiesenthal It cited vandalism of cemCenter. eteries, synagogues, churches Early in March, a bipartisan and mosques, antisemitic vandalism and bomb threats made House task force on antisemitism called in a letter on the against Jewish institutions. Trump adminisJewish sites, Among the tration to rebuff including comreports that it was munity centers, signatories planning to cut schools, museums was the Dayton the office. and Anti-DefaOn March 13, mation League Holocaust Rep. Eliot Engel, offices, have been D-N.Y., one of hit with more than Resource the task force’s 100 bomb threats Center. members, said in so far this year, all a release that 167 House memof them hoaxes. Jewish cembers of both parties had signed eteries have been vandalized on to a separate letter to Trump in Philadelphia, St. Louis, and making the same demand. Rochester, New York. Ira Forman, the former Congress mandated the executive director of the position of special envoy for National Jewish Democratic monitoring and combating Council, most recently served antisemitism in 2004 with the passage of the Global Antisem- in the envoy position under President Barack Obama. Foritism Review Act. The measure directs the State man’s LinkedIn page lists him as having served in the posiDepartment to establish the tion; Trump has not named a replacement. “I can’t believe someone at the White House won’t have better sense than to realize ANHEALTHCARE EMBASSY COMMUNITY AN EMBASSY AN HEALTHCARE EMBASSY COMMUNITY HEALTHCARE COMMUNITY that this is a disaster,” Forman told Jewish Insider. “I just can’t Nursing & Skilled Skilled Nursing Skilled & Nursing & believe that they would even Rehabilitation. Rehabilitation. Rehabilitation. think of this given the relatively small budget needed to run this office. The office exists by legislation. It’s just a matter 43 private suites suites 43 private suites 43 private Largeprivate semi rooms rooms of someone signing up to fund Large semi Largeprivate rooms semi private Renovations ongoing Renovations ongoing Renovations ongoing it. This is as bipartisan an issue Shortrehab term rehab Short term Short stays term stays rehab staysas you can get, and I just hope folks at the White House come Longcare term Long term Longcare term care to their senses.” — JTA settingsetting Serene Serene settingSerene

More than 100 Holocaust remembrance institutions, scholars and educators called on President Donald Trump to maintain a government office dedicated to fighting antisemitism following a report that he was considering nixing it. The 120 signatories — among them Holocaust museums, anti-genocide groups, Holocaust studies programs, and Holocaust scholars and educators in the United States and Europe — released a statement March 13 calling on Trump to strengthen the State Department’s Office to Monitor and Combat Antisemitism, which fights anti-Jewish sentiments abroad. Among the signatories was the Dayton Holocaust Resource Center. The signatories also urged Trump to create a new office to combat antisemitism in the United States. In February, Bloomberg reported that Trump was considering cutting a number of special envoy positions, including the one dedicated to fighting antisemitism, as part of a budget proposal.

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Conservative synagogues pass resolution allowing non-Jews to become members The umbrella body for Conservative synagogues has approved a resolution to allow individual congregations to decide whether to grant membership to non-Jews. The resolution was passed on March 1 during a special meeting of the United Synagogue of Conservative Judaism General Assembly held over the internet with electronic voting. The measure passed overwhelmingly by a vote of 94 to 8 with one abstention. According to a statement from the USCJ, 15 members did not vote. “USCJ supports every affiliated kehillah in developing its own criteria for membership,� the resolution reads, using a Hebrew word for congregation. “USCJ, as a valued and trusted partner, is committed to assisting welcoming, vibrant, and caring Jewish communi-

ties to fully engage the spiritual rying or attending the wedding ceremonies of interfaith cougifts of all community members. We celebrate the diversity ples, though some of its synagogues celebrate intermarriages among and within our kehillot and encourage the engagement before they occur and welcome the couples afterof all those who ward. In recent seek a spiritual and The change communal home was endorsed years, several rabin an authentic and by the major Conservative bis have protested dynamic Jewish the intermarriage setting. We call on Conservative prohibition. all of our kehillot institutions The change was to open their doors in the United endorsed by the wide to all who major Conservawant to enter.� States tive institutions in The proposed the United States, resolution grew including the Rabbinical Asout of a commission set up last sembly, the Jewish TheologiMarch to explore ways to encal Seminary and the Ziegler gage intermarried couples. The Conservative movement School of Rabbinic Studies. — JTA prohibits its rabbis from mar-

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‫זכור‬ Temple Beth Or is honored to host this year’s communal Yom Hashoah Remembrance. Please join us April 23 for a moving memorial. Art display opens at 3 p.m. with service at 4 p.m. Today...and for Generations PAGE 12


Why Bibi threatens to dissolve government over a TV station Yonatan Sindel/Flash 90

By Andrew Tobin, JTA TEL AVIV — What is Bibi up to? That was the question many in Israel were asking after Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu reportedly threatened on March 18 to bring down his own government to cancel reforms to state media. According to Hebrew reports, Netanyahu told ministers that unless the creation of a new governmentfunded television station is aborted, “we’ll go to elections.” Netanyahu ignored questions about the reported comment as he boarded a plane for a diplomatic visit to China that evening, and his Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu at a office declined JTA’s request for news conference in Jerusalem, March 14 comment. Netanyahu and Finance Minister and supportive of terrorism. Moshe Kahlon have publicly clashed for Finance Ministry sources told the Hemonths over the planned launch of the brew media, “Netanyahu seems to have new television station, which was supforgotten who called them Hamas memposed to be more politically independent bers and legislated a law limiting their than the current one. absorption into the (new) broadcaster.” After supporting the 2014 legislation to create the Israel Broadcasting Corp., He fears the wrath of Kan or Kan, Netanyahu led efforts to bury Both critics and allies have suggested it. Kahlon has insisted that Kan move that Netanyahu opposes the new televiforward. sion station because he fears it will turn On March 16, hours after Kahlon anagainst him. David Bitan, the chairman nounced a public break with his longof the ruling coalition, said in November time ally Netanyahu over the conflict, that Kan had already been “hijacked by the two Likud party ministers reached a people whose agenda is leftist and anticompromise that would have seen Kan government.” launch on April 30. Netanyahu would The broadcaster has already been have agreed to drop his opposition staffed and said it was ready to go on air in exchange for Kahlon’s support for at the start of this year. legislation that would give the governIn August, Netanyahu himself reportment oversight of all television and radio edly asked television and radio employstations in the country. ees of the Israel Broadcasting Corp. a But in a Facebook post March 18, rhetorical question: “What if everyone Netanyahu said he had “changed his in the (new) corporation were from (the mind,” leaving observers to puzzle over left-wing veterans’ group) Breaking the why the prime minster, a master of poSilence?” litical survival, would risk his perfectly But some commentators have argued good right-wing government over the that Netanyahu’s alleged desire to conreforms. trol coverage cannot explain his threat to Here are some theories being discall new elections because he could not cussed in Israel. really expect any future government to help him quash Kan either. “First of all, let’s make clear that in Netahyahu is heartbroken any case, the (new) corporation will not On Facebook, Netanyahu attributed shut down,” Yossi Verter wrote March 19 his about-face to the “heartbreaking in Haaretz. “With or without elections, it stories” he heard when he met with will launch television, radio and digital employees of the current broadcaster, broadcasting on April 30, and the Israel the Israel Broadcasting Authority. Some Broadcasting Authority will cease to 1,000 employees were to lose their jobs exist.” when it closed, and many have been protesting. Netanyahu also cited estimates that He is trying to avoid it would be cheaper to fix the existing being indicted broadcaster than to start the new one. Police have questioned Netanyahu “So what do we need the (new) corpo- four times as part of two corruption ration for?” he asked. investigations. Although Netanyahu has But Finance Ministry statistics contra- said repeatedly of the investigations, dicted Netanyahu’s price estimates. And “There will be nothing because there is few Israelis believed that he suddenly nothing,” some have speculated that he developed a soft spot for broadcasting may want an excuse to call new elections authority employees. After all, he had to prevent the police from recommendcriticized them previously as left wing ing an indictment against him — some-


THE WORLD thing they would customarily refrain from doing until after the polls close. Political analysts on Israel’s Channel 2 TV news suggested that the investigations could be a motivating factor for the prime minister. But Netanyahu must know that after the elections, there would be nothing preventing the wheels of justice from moving forward — and all the more easily if he were no longer the prime minister.

elections as a bid to restore order. Supporters and critics have differed only on how likely he was to succeed. In Israel Hayom, Mati Tuchfeld credited the prime minister’s leadership under challenging conditions. “It’s not just the broadcaster and it’s not just Kahlon,” he wrote. “It’s also Naftali Bennett, who just a couple of days ago said that Netanyahu has neglected religious Zionism. It’s also Liberman, who though he appears NetanHe wants to bring his yahu’s most trusted partner, nonetheless coalition to heel his comments about closing the yeshiva Netanyahu’s coalition has looked in Eli sent the prime minister down a increasingly unruly of late. In addition to dead end.” the falling-out between Netanyahu and On the other hand, Nahun Barnea Kahlon, Knesset member Yehuda Glick concluded in Yediot Acharanot that Neon March 16 posted a 700-word treatise tanyahu was doomed to “self-destruct” on Facebook despairing at what he said in his fourth term in office, much like his was a culture of fear in his Likud party. former British counterparts, Margaret Earlier that week, Education Minister Thatcher and Tony Blair. Naftali Bennett and other members of the government publicly sparred with His wife and son told him to Defense Minister Avigdor Liberman Finally, some blamed the woman over his threat to cut state funding for a Israelis love to hate, Netanyahu’s wife, pre-army military academy in the West Sara. Sima Kadmon wrote in Yediot that Bank settlement of Eli if the controversial Sara Netanyahu demanded her husband rabbi who heads it did not step down. take action because of her dislike for The week before that, Transportation certain journalists hired by Kan. Minister Yisrael Katz and Knesset mem“It’s clear to everyone close to the ber Avi Dichter both said they would prime minister that something is going run for prime minister once Netanyahu on when Netanyahu is susceptible to was out of the picture. the influence of his relatives,” Kadmon Those are just a few examples. Many wrote. “Ladies and gentlemen, wake up. interpreted Netanyahu’s threat to call This is your prime minister.”

At schools hit by bomb threats, teaching students enough to cope why it’s returning, and what to do if it By Ben Sales, JTA reaches them. On the morning of March 7, Rabbi “My husband and I were just waiting Beth Naditch found out that two of her for it to hit our kids,” Naditch said. “We three children’s schools had received were trying to walk a fine line between bomb threats. having them prepare The anonymous calls and be aware of safety placed to the MetroWest measures, aware that Jewish Day School and the there are people in the Solomon Schechter Day world who want to hurt School in suburban Boston us or other people beturned out to be hoaxes, cause they are antisemitlike the rest of the calls ic or racist, and trying placed to some 120 Jewish not to terrorize them.” institutions since January. The Boston-area And while the news campuses were two of was shocking, the threats at least a dozen Jewish were something Naditch day schools that have and her husband had tried received bomb threats to make sure their sons — Beth Naditch had just since the beginning of ages 9, 12 and 14 — would Rabbi talked with her children about the year. Most of the be ready for. antisemitism when bomb threats have targeted A week earlier, a threats hit two of their schools JCCs, largely affectrelative had been evacuing either adults who can process the ated from a Jewish community center distress or preschoolers too young to during another bomb threat wave. And perceive it. as a rabbi at a Jewish eldercare facility, But the threats against Jewish schools Naditch spoke regularly with Holocaust have placed parents, teachers and survivors or refugees who were feeling administrators in an uncertain position. echoes of their pasts. Many of their students are old enough So she and her husband had spoContinued on next page ken to their boys about antisemitism,

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“Our general approach was we wanted to keep things as normal as we possibly could,” Lindner said. “There wasn’t anything real about it. It was just an empty threat. That’s what was comContinued from previous page municated.” to understand the threats, but not old A couple administrators said speakenough to cope by themselves. ing with anxious parents may have So schools have tried to walk a fine line: They want to give students enough been the biggest challenge they faced — though no administrator told JTA that information to answer their questions, students had been pulled out of school. but not enough to traumatize them. One of those parents, Rabbi Abe They want to explain antisemitism, but Friedman, said that while he was connot normalize it. cerned with his 9-year-old’s safety, she “This is something we may do, but it's not a fun thing, it's not a good thing, was more interested in talking about the games they played during the evacuait was an unfortunate thing that happened,” Rabbi-Cantor Scott Sokol, head tion. “My wife and I were more emotionof school at MetroWest Jewish Day School, said he told his students. “We’re ally affected by it than she was,” said not looking to make it a bigger deal than Friedman, whose daughter attends the Perelman Jewish Day School outside it was. At the same time, they underPhiladelphia, another school threatened stand this is something that happens on Feb. 27. “She didn’t seem all that more to kids at Jewish day schools.” Many schools delivered their messag- interested when I brought it up, and I es based on the grade level. Students up didn’t want to put it on her because of to third grade in some schools were told my need to talk about it.” For teachers, the bomb threats have they were going on a fire drill. Fourthjoin broaching antisemitism with and fifth-graders in several schoolsPlease were meant Sisterhood children, sometimes before it appears in told there was a Beth threat, Abraham they were safeSynagogue their curriculum. Several school officials and little more. Middle schoolers and as we honor an Community Volunteer high schoolers, many of whom read the said they have filtered that conversation extraordinary ofthe women through lens of how much support news on their own, were given a fuller group theyand havededication received from Jews and others picture. for their commitment Advocate for Individuals with Disabilities, Community Volunteer in the wider community. But every school has Jewish and general communities. to the “They are taking what’s placed limits on its comhappening across the munication. At MetroWCommunity Volunteer nation very personally,” est, Sokol asked students and parents not to post Wednesday, May 7, 2014said Allison Oakes, head about the threat on social 11:00 a.m. Registration of school at the Lerner Community Volunteer Jewish Community Day media. At the Hebrew 11:30 a.m. Program and Luncheon School in Durham, N.C., Day School of Ann Arbor, which was threatened on Mich., and Aleph Bet JewFeb. 22. “We wanted to ish Day School in AnnapPlease join Beth Abraham Synagogue Attorney focus on, yes, this is hapolis, Md., both threatened Beth Abraham Synagogue Sisterhood as we honor an extraordinary pening in our world, on Feb. 27, administrators opted to give 305 Sugar Camp Circle • Dayton, Ohio 45409but let’s take a look group of women for their commitment at everyone trying to support us.” the students no more information than Intervention Specialist (937) 293-9520 and dedication to the Jewish As the wave of bomb threats rolled necessary. and general communities. on, the Anti-Defamation League put out “Talking that directly with our older students helped them understand, ‘OK, a list of 5 Tips for Talking with Children Community Wednesday, May 3Leader  about Bomb this was a threat, it’s Women no longerofthere,’” Valor are women who Threats CARE: at Jewish Commu11:00 a.m. Registration nity Centers. Like Oakes, the ADL urged said Sarah White, head of school at 11:30 a.m. Program & Luncheon Wewas are collecting individually-wrapped snacks and adults tohealthy focus on the “helpers” who Aleph Bet. “That the only conversaIn Memorium: Carol Pavlofsky 100% real-juice boxes (no red coloring) to be donated to supported the community after a threat. tion we’ve had with them. At school, House, an advocacy forsome abused children. Community Leader, Mentor And parents and teachers have you’re expected toCARE be safe. If things are center organized, things are calm and teachers tried to explain the threats by way of the Jewish calendar — particularly the reare in control, you feel safe.” cent holiday of Purim, which celebrates Administrators at various schools told JTA that their top priority was to get the Jews’ survival in ancient Persia in the face of an enemy's threat. This, students back in class and on schedule. Naditch told her sons, is sort of like a Several schools returned to a regular school day following a brief evacuation. modern version of that story. “He really wants to know why,” At MetroWest, kids were dressed Naditch said of one of her boys. “Why in pajama pants celebrating the Purim holiday on the day the threat came; they would anybody want to hurt us just Tuesday, April 11, 6:15 p.m. because we’re Jewish? And it’s a hard opted to continue their weeklong fesLed by Rabbi Ginsberg & Cantor Raizen thing to answer. tivities. At the Charles E. Smith Jewish “We’ve tried to connect it to Jewish Day School outside Washington, D.C., Meal prepared by history. I can’t say to them everything’s which also was threatened on Feb. 27, Bernstein’s Fine Catering high school principal Marc Lindner said going to be fine. I can’t say to them you don’t have to worry because they do police did not require the students to $40 adults have to worry.” leave class.

Many schools delivered their messages based on the grade level.

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Jewish groups, pols say Trump budget is bad for Israel and other U.S. interests


By Ron Kampeas, JTA Citing the importance to Israel of a robust U.S. posture abroad, Jewish groups decried drastic proposed cuts in foreign assistance funding in President Donald Trump’s budget despite assurances that aid to Israel would be unaffected. Israel’s guaranteed $3.1 billion defense assistance next year is a “cutout” and not subject to proposed drastic cuts to foreign funding, the Trump administration said. “Our assistance to Israel is, if I could say, a cutout on the budget, and that’s guaranteed, and that reflects, obviously, our strong commitment to one of our strongest partners and allies,” State Department spokesman Marc Toner said March 16 in a call with reporters. The reassurance came as an array of Jewish groups and Democratic Jewish lawmakers expressed alarm at proposed 31-percent cuts to foreign spending, saying it would undercut U.S. influence abroad and noting that it currently constitutes just 1 percent of the budget. “Our consistent position has been that, along with security assistance to Israel, we have always supported a robust overall foreign aid budget in order

to ensure America’s strong leadership position in the world,” an official of the American Israel Public Affairs Committee told JTA in an email. Rep. Lois Frenkel, D-Fla., argued that foreign aid helps stem the unrest that threatens security interests. “I wish the president would spend more time talking to the generals because they would tell you that pencils can be as persuasive as cannons and food can be as powerful as a tank,” she said at a news conference. The American Jewish Committee said national security interests were at stake. “The proposed draconian cuts in areas vital to executing U.S. foreign policy could adversely affect our national security interests by potentially creating more pressure on the American military while essential diplomacy is being undermined,” David Harris, the AJC CEO, said in a statement. “Deep cuts to the State Department, including in key educational and cultural exchange programs, will severely harm America’s ability to assert our interests and values abroad.” J Street, the liberal Jewish Middle East policy group, decried what it said was

Trump administration officials have said programs targeted by the cuts have not proven their efficiency or efficacy, a claim sharply disputed by Democratic Jewish lawmakers and some Jewish Rep. Eliot Engel, N.Y. groups. A comprehensive analysis of the budget by the office of Rep. Nita Lowey, D-N.Y., the top Democrat on the House Appropriations Committee, included foreign assistance programs that would be cut. “Cuts of over 31 percent to International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement would be a decrease of over $350 million, putting at risk global programs critical to combating transnational crime, terrorism and other illicit enterprises, as well as severely impacting counter-drug activities, which in turn will increase the flow of drugs to the United States,” her report said. Continued on Page 36

the budget’s isolationism. “Ultimately, weakening U.S. foreign aid, which is already far below the contributions of other advanced economies in percentage GDP terms, undermines Israeli security as well,” the group said in a statement. Next year is the launch of a 10-year agreement that would see Israel receiving an average of $3.8 billion a year in defense assistance. Centrist and left-wing pro-Israel groups have long argued that overall robust foreign assistance is healthy for the United States and Israel because it sustains U.S. influence. Toner, the State Department spokesman, fielded a question from a reporter about whether the cuts would affect funding for U.S. defense assistance to Egypt and Jordan — policies that were written into Israeli peace deals with those countries and seen for years as critical to sustaining the peace. Toner deflected the question. “With respect to other assistance levels, foreign military assistance levels, those are still being evaluated and decisions are going to be made going forward,” he said.

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JCC bomb threats are weapons of fear Ethan Miller/Getty Images

By Andrew Silow-Carroll The “fear itself” thing? FDR was on to something. The rash of JCC bomb threats and cemetery desecrations, combined with a general sense that the country is becoming more intolerant, has Jews on edge in ways they haven’t been in years. The head of a major American Jewish organization wrote to me that the recent outbreak of antisemitic activity “is the worst America has seen since the 1930s.” (It’s not.) Ronald Lauder of the World Jewish Congress has declared that “in recent weeks and months we have witnessed an unprecedented and inconceivable escalation of antisemitic acts in the United States” — again, an exaggeration. The stats, tracked rigorously but narrowly by the Anti-Defamation League and haphazardly by the FBI, aren’t in for 2016 or early 2017, the period covering the presidential campaign and that presumably would include the kinds of “spikes” many would like to attribute to Donald Trump’s racially and ethnically charged campaign and emboldening of the “alt-right.” One of the more worrisome accountings came from the NYPD, which found that antisemitic incidents were up 94 percent in the city over this time last year, with 35 antisemitic incidents reported in January and February. But such numbers don’t yet point to an “unprecedented and inconceivable escalation” in antisemitism. And they

don’t take into account the counter-evidence, like a Pew study that found that Jews are the most “warmly” regarded religious group in the U.S. (“Great news!” said parents and staff huddled outside an evacuated JCC). Or the acts of kindness and concern that followed many of the attacks, from Muslims raising money to restore a vandalized cemetery to the unanimous Senate letter urging the White House to boost security measures at Jewish institutions and assure the investigation and punishment of hate crimes. Nor can it be overlooked that American Jews are as comfortable and accepted as they have ever been in history. No school, no neighborhood and no profession is off limits. Jews are over-represented in politics, academia and media. Even the high rate of intermarriage is a sign of social acceptance of Jews. Unlike many parts of Europe, where armed guards protect synagogues and observant Jewish men often hide their kippot under caps, American Jews can be out, proud and as loud as they want to be. But the numbers and sociology can’t account for the way Jews feel, and right now many are not feeling good. The high levels of Jewish anxiety owe to a combination of the commander in chief, the political mood, the nature of the JCC attacks and the media. Let’s start with President Trump: Most Jews didn’t vote for him, and regarded his campaign antics as particularly

LETTER TO THE EDITOR Memories of Orville Regarding the Wright family (March Observer): My father, Alan S. Horwitz, was a family physician whose office was at 10 N. Broadway (Dad had the first integrated waiting room in Dayton), across the street from Orville Wright’s laboratory. When I was about 5 or 6, I remember Orville sweeping his own walk in front of the laboratory, and at times he would cross the street to chat with Dad and pat me and my brother on the head. He was very friendly, and Dad always had nice things to say about him. Dad was very sensitive about antisemitism, and never mentioned anything about the Wrights in this regard. Dad was called across the street to attend to Orville when he suffered his fatal heart attack, and stabilized him until the ambulance arrived to take him to Miami Valley Hospital, where Orville died. We still have a framed, signed photo of Kitty Hawk, along with the estate’s uncashed $5 check for Dad’s services. — Jeff Horwitz, Springboro PAGE 16

unsettling, from his appeal among white supremacists and ethno-nationalists to his willingness to exploit the country's racial and ethnic divides. In his embrace of a fiercely chauvinistic “economic nationalism,” White House strategist Steve Bannon represents something “unprecedented and inconceivable” in the minds of many Jews. Police block off a parking lot at the JCC of Southern Nevada in Las Vegas, Feb. 27 Until Trump, Sure enough, Juan Thompresurgent nationalism seemed institution in every consequenson, a suspected copycat very much a problem for Eutial Jewish community across charged in at least eight of the rope, where economic malaise, the country. JCC attacks, turns out to be an fear of immigrants and the I’m betting it's only an ununhinged young man whose ghosts of the 20th century have happy accident that the hoaxer apparent motivation wasn't combined into a particularly picked one of the few Jewish toxic brew on the right. places that cuts across all move- even antisemitism but revenge Recent Republican and ments and ideologies, and even on an old flame. That doesn't make the tarDemocratic administrations attracts non-Jews to their fitness alike gave at least lip service to centers and childcare programs. geted Jew or Jewish institution the idea of America as a vivid That potentially puts every Jew feel any better. Fear has its own dynamic. JCCs aren’t talking tapestry in which people of all on edge. about the members or preschool races, religions and nationalities Coverage of these attacks, students they’ve lost as a result are welcome. Bannon, you’ll while unavoidable, also instills recall, is not just fear. As the editor of the hoaxes, but word is getting out that the numbers might a foe of illegal of a Jewish news be significant. immigration, but service, I feel imYou can’t blame the families of legal immiplicated: What if gration, which in the name of in- who just don’t need the tsurris, has “kinda forming the com- but you can look at your own behavior and ask in what ways overwhelmed munity, we are the country,” as merely spreading you are making a bad situation worse. he said in a 2016 anxiety? So yes, we need strong radio interview Readers rely on enforcement of our hate crimes with (wait for it) us to cover acts laws. And institutions that have Trump adviof antisemitism the security they need. And sor and speechwriter Stephen large and small. These include careful monitoring of antisemiMiller. nasty anti-Zionist demonstraEven for those who believe tions on college campuses, gro- tism in all its forms. And government leaders who have the Trump is the savior Israel has tesque internet “memes” origibacks of targeted minorities and been waiting for, and who nating with the alt-right and pledge to defend the diversity accept his disavowals of the increasingly bizarre examples of multicultural America. alt-right, it upset Jewish asof swastika graffiti, including But we also need a reminder sumptions about their position some carved in snow and one that Jews have it pretty good as a privileged minority when shaped out of human feces. here, and that we shouldn’t Trump couldn’t bring himself to But do these various acts, in forthrightly denounce the JCC a country of more than 300 mil- give too much power to a kid with a Sharpie, or a hacker with threats and other antisemitic lion, represent a growing trend a speed-dial, or a disturbed, acts. or the salacious exception? disgraced stalker. The nature of the JCC attacks And what if we and the We have to stand up and say are diabolically brilliant in antisemitism watchdogs are their ability to unsettle Jews. I wrong? What if the JCC attacks these institutions are ours, and imagine a lone wolf or a team aren't the vanguard of the New we’re here to stay. of hackers, armed with some Antisemitism, but a weird and cheap electronics and a motive personal vendetta on the part of Andy Silow-Carroll is editor-inchief of JTA. to maximize mischief, working the hoaxer? off an easy to find list of institutions with “Jewish” and “community” in their very names. So, what do you think? There are far fewer JCCs than Send your letters (350 words max., thanks) to: synagogues, but targeting JCCs The Dayton Jewish Observer, 525 Versailles Drive, assures you of hitting at least Dayton, OH 45459 • one easily identifiable Jewish

Do these acts represent a growing trend or the salacious exception?



Temple Beth Or Classes: Sun., April 2, 9, 30, 1 p.m.: Beginning Hebrew w. Renee Peery. Sun., April 2, 9, 16, 30, 1 p.m.: Advanced Hebrew w. Rabbi Chessin. Sat., April 8 & Sun., April 30, 10 a.m.: Tanakh w. Rabbi Chessin. Wed., April 12, 1 p.m.: Chai Mitzvah, Israel and the Jewish Spirit w. Ira Segalewitz. 5275 Marshall Rd., Wash. Twp. 435-3400. Temple Israel Classes: Wednesdays, noon: Talmud Study w. Rabbi Sobo. Bring lunch. Sun., April 2, 23, 30, noon: Jewish Literacy w. Rabbi Bodney-Halasz. Saturdays, 9:30 a.m.: Torah Study. 130 Riverside Dr., Dayton. 4960050.


Temple Israel Ryterband Lecture: Sundays, 9:45 a.m.: April 23: Rabbi Tina Sobo, What’s Jewish About Values? April 30: Judy Heller, Women in Ancient & Modern Midrash. $7. 130 Riverside Dr., Dayton. 496-0050. JCC Book Club: Fri., April 21, 10:30 a.m. Commonwealth by

Ann Patchett. At Temple Israel, 130 Riverside Dr., Dayton. R.S.V.P. to Cheryl Lewis, 3209962.


BBYO J-Serve: Sun., April 2, 1-3 p.m. Tikun Olam project. For info., call Meryl Hattenbach, 610-1555.

Young Adults

YAD Apps & Chats: Tues., April 25, 5:30 p.m. Bar Louie at The Greene. Before JCC Film Fest Opening, Fanny’s Journey, 7 p.m. at Cinemark at The Greene. For more info., call Cheryl Carne, 610-1555.


Chabad Rosh Chodesh Society Class: Sun., April 2 & 30, 9:45 a.m. 2001 Far Hills Ave., Oakwood. $15 per class. R.S.V.P. to Devorah Mangel, 974-8648.


JFS Active Adults Elé Cupcake Decorating and Dine Around: Thurs., April 20, 11 a.m. At Elé Cake Co., 810 E. Dixie Dr., West Carrollton. $10. Followed by lunch at El Meson, 903 E. Dixie Dr., West

Carrollton. R.S.V.P. to 610-1555 by April 13.

Community Events

Jews on the Chocolate Trail: w. Rabbi Deborah R. Prinz. Thurs., April 20, 7:30 p.m. Chocolate reception & book signing. Free admission. At Temple Israel, 130 Riverside Dr., Dayton. 496-0050. Greater Dayton Yom Hashoah Remembrance: Sun., April 23, 4 p.m. Art exhibit opens at 3 p.m. Temple Beth Or, 5275 Marshall Rd., Wash. Twp. 4353400. Temple Israel Dinner & JCC Film Fest Opening: Tues., April 25, 5 p.m. Meet at Pasha Grill at The Greene for dinner, followed by 7 p.m. film at Cinemark, Fanny’s Journey. R.S.V.P. to Courtney Cummings at 496-0050 by April 18. JFS & Hadassah’s Downsize, Declutter & Donate: Sun., April 30, 2-4 p.m. Boonshoft CJCE, 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville. $5 includes refreshments. R.S.V.P. to Karen Steiger by April 24, 610-1555.


Chabad Pesach Seder: Mon., April 10, 7:30 p.m. $36 adults, $20 students, $15 children. 2001 Far Hills Ave., Oakwood. R.S.V.P. to Rabbi Simon, 6430770, ext. 1. Temple Beth Or Passover Seder: Tues., April 11, 6 p.m. 5275 Marshall Rd., Wash. Twp. Call for prices and R.S.V.P., 435-3400. Temple Israel Passover Second Seder: Tues., April 11, 6 p.m. $30 adults, $15 ages 4-10. 130 Riverside Dr., Dayton. R.S.V.P. to 496-0050. Beth Abraham Synagogue Passover Second Night Seder: Tues., April 11, 6:15 p.m. $40 adults, $20 children

4-12. 305 Sugar Camp Cir., Oakwood. R.S.V.P. by April 3 to 293-9520.

JCC Film Fest

Note: tickets for all films are available at the door, at, at the Boonshoft CJCE, 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville, or by calling Karen Steiger, 610-1555. The Frisco Kid: Sun., April 2, 3 p.m. The Neon, 130 E. 5th St., Dayton. Fanny’s Journey: Tues., April 25, 7 p.m. Cinemark at The Greene. On The Map: Thurs., April 27, 7:15 p.m. The Neon, 130 E. 5th St., Dayton.

Is your son or daughter graduating from high school this year? The Observer is happy to offer you a FREE announcement, including a photo, in our June graduation issue.To receive a form for this free announcement, contact Karen Steiger at 610-1555 or All forms must be received by May 5.


Welcome Home Relax and enjoy your seder at Cedar Village this year. Leave the Passover preparations and Kosher-for-Passover cooking to us. It’s all part of the worry-free lifestyle on our campus, where delicious meals, endless entertainment options and new friendships await. With on-site health care services, a salon and a Kosher deli, Cedar Village has the conveniences you want. Learn online about all we have to offer at or by calling 513-336-3147.

Call today while apartments are still available!

5467 Cedar Village Drive Mason, OH 45040 513.754.3100



KVELLING CORNER Rachel Shon, a registered, licensed occupational therapist at Miami Valley Hospital, will be a featured panelist at the American Occupational Therapist Association meeting in Philadelphia on the topic,

Rachel Haug Gilbert Occupational Therapy's Distinct Value in Mental Health Promotion, Prevention, and Intervention in All Settings Across the Lifespan. Rachel is the daughter of Barbara and David Shon and the granddaughter of Robert Weinman.

Jessica Reese, assistant principal at Ruskin Elementary School, co-authored the article, Crowdfunding for Elementary Science Educators, for the February issue of Science & Children, the National Science Teachers Association’s journal for elementary teachers. Gastroenterologist Dr. David Novick’s first book, A Gastroenterologist’s Guide to Gut Health, will be published April 8. It provides accurate, up-todate information on common GI disorders and their treatments, with extensive coverage of the colonoscopy procedure. It also contains chapters on healthy eating and how to get the most from doctors’ visits. Send your Kvelling items to

Buying and Selling Video Games and Electronics

® Video Games iPods • Tablets Smartphones Computers • TVs DVDs • CDs • Blu-ray


Mon thru Sat, 10 - 9 Sun, 10 - 6

Cash paid for quality items

1133 Brown St., Dayton • 228-6399

Benjamin Solomon Caruso With much pride and joy, Patty and Michael Caruso announce the Bar Mitzvah of Benjamin Solomon on April 1 at Temple Israel. Benny is the grandson of Donna and the late Yale J. Holt of Dayton, Joan and Jim Stark of Tampa, Fla., and Sandy and Jerry Caruso of Cincinnati. Benny is a seventh-grade honors student at Oakwood Junior High School. He plays saxophone in the OJHS band, plays Oakwood Soccer, and is involved in Model United Nations. Benny enjoys spending time with family and friends and has been a happy camper at Goldman Union Camp for the past five years. For Benny's Bar Mitzvah project, he has been a junior volunteer for Dayton History and is also involved in political activism for social justice.

Mayer-Katz Julie Liss-Katz and Marc Katz of Dayton joyfully announce the engagement of their son, Alex, to Elena Mayer, daughter of Faith Katkin and James Mayer. As a graduate of List College, Alex received a bachelor of science degree in psychology from Columbia University and a bachelor of arts in modern Jewish history from the Jewish Theological Seminary. He is a graphics producer with CBS Sports in New York. Elena received a bachelor of arts in economics from Barnard College and master’s degrees in business administration and public health from Columbia University and is a marketing manager at Pfizer in Manhattan. A September wedding is planned in New York.

Pavlofsky-Baron Wendi and Ervin Pavlofsky are pleased to announce the engagement of their daughter Samantha to Sam Baron, son of Beth and Blake Baron of Port St. Lucie, Fla. Sami is the granddaughter of Sheila and Bill Levine of Pepper Pike, and the late Carol and Vernon Pavlofsky. She received her bachelor’s degree from the University of Colorado and her master’s degree from American University. She is a program coordinator for the JCC of Chicago in its afterschool program. Sam is the owner of Shop Bause, an online reseller of designer men’s clothing. The couple reside in Chicago, where an October wedding is planned.


Wishing You and Yours a Happy Passover In Montgomery County by the Ohio Department of Aging for Family Satisfaction! In Montgomery County by the Ohio Department of Aging for Family Satisfaction!

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Frequently Asked Questions Jewish Federation of GREATER DAYTON › Innovation Grants Applications for the next cycle of the Innovation Grant are now available for programs taking place July 1, 2017–June 30, 2018. Please contact Jodi Phares at 610-5513 or to request an application. › Special Film Screening: Denial

Tuesday, March 28, 7PM

@ Boonshoft CJCE When Holocaust denier David Irving sues Dr. Deborah Lipstadt over labeling him as such in her 1993 book, Denying the Holocaust, it was on Deborah's shoulders to defend the truth.

The Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton is proud to present the third Annual Presidents Dinner on Sunday, May 7. This premier event honors the legacy of its past presidents with world renowned speakers who inspire our community with a global message on an intimate level. You don’t want to miss this year’s dinner! When and where is the Presidents Dinner? The Presidents Dinner will be held on Sunday, May 7, at 525 Versailles Drive, Centerville, at the Boonshoft Center for Jewish Culture & Education. The reception begins at 5PM. Dinner begins at 6PM.

Who is speaking at the dinner? Our Keynote Speaker this year is Dr. Deborah Lipstadt, historian and Dorot Professor of Modern Jewish History & Holocaust Studies at Emory University. Dr. Lipstadt stands as a beacon of strength and truth in a time of resurgent anti-semitism. We will also debut a new video that features community members speaking about how Federation has positively impacted their lives. What is the cost? Individual tickets are $75 each. Patron tables are also available for $2,000/table, which includes the cocktail reception and 8 seats for dinner, along with program recognition.

What is being served for dinner? You have a choice between the following entrees: › Challah Crusted Barramundi fillet of fish › Pecan Crusted Chicken breast › Vegetarian Portabella Wellington Each entrée will be served with a side of wild rice pilaf and roasted asparagus.

to make your reservation over the phone with a credit card, please contact Alisa Thomas at 937-610-1796, or you may go online to www.jewishdayton. org. Please contact Juliet Glaser at 937-401-1541 or jglaser@ with any questions you may have.

When do I need to make my reservation? In order to reserve your seat, the deadline is April 29. We anticipate this event will sell out, so we encourage making reservations as soon as possible. If you would like

› Yom Hashoah Remembrance

Sunday, April 23, 4PM

@ Temple Beth Or (5275 Marshall Dr., 45429) Holocaust survivor and local resident Bob Kahn is this year's keynote speaker as we reflect on the lives of those who perished. Artwork from the Max & Lydia May Memorial Holocaust Art Contest will be on display beginning at 3PM. › YAD: Apps & Chats Tuesday, April 25, 5:30PM

@ Bar Louie (4492 Glengarry Dr., 45440) Join other young adults for appetizers and drinks (cost on your own) before Fanny's Journey at 7PM the opening film to this year's Dayton Jewish Film Festival at Cinemark at the Greene.

RSVPs are due at least 1 week before event. Events with no price listed are free. PLEASE CONTACT KAREN STEIGER REGARDING ALL EVENTS UNLESS NOTED: 610-1555,

With just seconds to spare, the Young Adult Division managed to escape both The Outbreak and The Vault at Great Escape Game on March 12! Join other adults ages 21–35 at Bar Louie on Tuesday, April 25, for appetizers and drinks at 5:30PM, then walk across the street to enjoy the Dayton Jewish Film Festival's opening night film, Fanny's Journey.

A series of open dialogues focusing on the realities of Israel today.

(L–R) Kelly Brewer, student participant; Vince Singleton, Director; and Rabbi Karen Bodney-Halasz, along with Eric Winston, Producer (not pictured) reflected on the Wilberforce program and the making of their film following a screening of Singleton and Winston's film, Taking Israel. Photo Credit: Peter Wine


THANK YOU to all of our donors and supporters! A

Jewish Community Center of GREATER DAYTON › BBYO J-Serve Sunday, April 2 1–3PM @ Boonshoft CJCE Teens from across the region will engage in acts of Tikkun Olam.

› Film Fest Sneak Peek The Frisco Kid Sunday, April 2 3PM @ The Neon (130 E. 5th St,

45402) Presented by The Bernard and Carole Rabinowitz Philanthropic Fund of the Jewish Foundation of Greater Dayton

› Film Fest Opening Night: Fanny's Journey Tuesday, April 25 7PM @ Cinemark at the Greene (Address) Sponsored by Morris Furniture Company

› Film Fest: On the Map Thursday, April 27 7:15PM @ The Neon (130 E. Fifth St., 45402) Sponsored by Washington Centerville Public Library & Friends Of WCPL

FOR MORE FILM LISTINGS, SEE PAGE 24. › Art Appreciation Fridays, February 24–April 28 10AM @ Boonshoft CJCE

$50 per student. RSVP by February 20.

HEALTH & WELLNESS › Aerobic Conditioning Tues/Thurs @ 9–9:50AM Through May 3. $25 for all sessions. Through Sinclair Lifelong Learning.

RSVPs are due at least 1 week before event. Events with no price listed are free.





VEGAS Donors: Ahavah Studios All Star Pawn Arrow Wine Bar Louie BD Mongolian Barbeque Beach Water Park Bernstein’s Fine Catering Rob Bloom Bockrath Flooring and Rugs Bonefish Grill Boonshoft Museum of Discovery Brixx Ice Co. Butler Auto Bath Cameron Mitchell Restaurant Carrabba’s Italian Grill Tony Caruso Central Perk Café Chappy’s Social House David Char, LMT Cincinnati Reds Cincinnati Zoo City BBQ Lori Cohen Company 7 BBQ Cooper’s Hawk Winery and Restaurant COSI Dave & Busters Dayton Optometric Center The Deli Webster Street DiSalvo’s Deli Dublin Pub Economy Linen & Towel Service, Inc. EO Burger Entertainment Unlimited Eye 1 First Watch Fleming’s Steakhouse

Supporters: Heath Gilbert Mark Gordon David Klass (Luxe Imports) Rabbi Levi & Rochel Simon of Chabad of Greater Dayton

Fricker’s Fusian Gordon’s Jewelry & Loan Graeter’s Michael H. Halasz, DDS. Hickory Bar-B-Q Houser Asphalt & Concrete James Free Jewelry Jay’s Restaurant King’s Island Kroger La Fiesta Mexican Restaurant Lindy’s Bakery Lula Bell’s Art and Stationary Mama DiSalvo’s McAlister’s Deli Mikesell’s Snack Food Company Meadowlark Restaurant My Favorite Muffin NexStep Noble Staffing Solutions Oakwood Auto Wash and Detailing Old Scratch Pizza Panera The Paragon Supper Club Party Suppliers Practice Fitness Premier Produce One Salon Emerald Scene 75 Rabbi Debrah and Dr. Philip Shenefelt Skyline Smash Burgers Soft Touch Car Wash Systems Spritz Starbucks Victory Produce George and Suzanne Vlahos Xenia Coin

Celebrity Dealers: Rubi Girls: Taj Mahal (Tom Rumpke) Jackie O (Jacob Sams) Pia Rivers (James Karr) State Representative Niraj Antani State Senator Peggy Lehner Judge Anthony Capizzi

ABOVE: Shirlee Gilbert poses with

the Rubi Girls. PHOTO CREDIT: RACHEL GILBERT BELOW: Bob Heuman contemplates a raise in the Texas Hold'em tournament. PHOTO CREDIT: PETER WINE

LOST in T I M E 18 months–entering kindergarten


Contact Audrey at or 853-0373


entering grades 1–7

CIT positions available for 8–10 graders Contact Meryl at or 401-1550

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The Active Adults have many great events on the horizon - from decorating cupcakes at Elé Cake Company to touring the new Emerson Innovation Center on UD’s campus to touring the Schuster Center!! Keep an eye out for our ads. Come out and join us!

Jewish Family Services Jewish Foundation ofof GREATER DAYTON GREATER DAYTON

April is NATIONAL VOLUNTEER APPRECIATION MONTH! JFS has many volunteers. Our Board Members dedicate their time and energy, providing guidance and support to JFS. Board Members also support programming initiatives and deliver holiday bags to our seniors. We have volunteers who provide friendly visits and/ or telephone reassurance on a regular basis. Our clients greatly appreciate these visits! Then, there are those who participate in our intergenerational mitzvah events. JFS wants to say TODAH RABAH (THANK YOU) to all of those who volunteer. We appreciate your passion and dedication to our community!

› Elé Cupcake Decorating and Dine Around Thursday, April 20 11AM @ Elé Cake Co.

On Monday, March 13, the Active Adults hosted a Zentangle class. Kelly Rigano, Certified Zentangle Teacher, was FABULOUS! We are hoping that the class sparks some to create Zentangle-inspired coloring pages for our senior holiday outreach initiatives. Do you Zentangle and want to submit a page to JFS? Contact us if you are interested! PHOTO CREDIT: PETER WINE

(810 E. Dixie Dr., 45449) Cost: $10 per person. RSVP by April 13. Lunch @ El Meson (Cost on your own).

› Downsize, Declutter, Donate Sunday, April 30 2-4PM @ Boonshoft CJCE

Partnering with Hadassah. $5 per person. RSVP by April 21.

› Need Assistance Finding a Food Pantry Near You? Call the United Way Information & Referral Line, 225-3000 or Dial 2-1-1. › Are you caring for a loved one who is not in the Greater Dayton area? Visit http:// to find supports and services provided by Jewish agencies nationwide. › Don’t know what to donate in the Food Barrels? How about non-perishable, nonexpired basics? For example: HEARTY SOUPS STEWS CHILI PEANUT BUTTER JELLY MACARONI & CHEESE

JFS celebrated Purim all through March! Hazan Jenna Greenberg led us in song at One Lincoln Park and Courtney Cummings, Music & Program Director for Temple Israel, at Friendship Village. Thank you Jenna and Courtney! Of course, at all events we noshed some hamantaschen!! We even got into the spirit with masks and crowns. PHOTO CREDIT: SHERI POCH

MISHLOACH MANOT: JFS Board Members, volunteers and staff delivered Purim gift bags to our seniors. Ann Rubin enjoyed her bag! JFS thanks Beth Abraham, Beth Jacob, Chabad, Temple Beth Or, and Temple Israel who support this holiday mitzvah! PHOTO CREDIT: AMY BOYLE



Using ›Mamaloshen

A little bit of Yiddish to share with friends, courtesy of the JFS Yiddish Club, in memory of Lynda A. Cohen.

naches \NACH-es\ Noun Pleasure, satisfaction, delight; proud enjoyment. Expression with naches: ›  Du zolst krenken in naches. You should suffer in the midst of pleasure (i.e., you should get all you wanted and suffer all the more for it). › Platzn zolstu fun naches. May you explode from pleasure (meant as a curse). › Ich shlog aych iber di reyd - ir zolt hobn naches un freyd! I break in on your words - may you greatly rejoice! (Said in some circles as a polite apology/good wish when one interrupts his friend's speech.)

to Get Your Children Involved in Passover

Whether you host your own; go to a family or friend’s house; attend your synagogue or JCC, try a Women’s or Interfaith Seder; chances are you’ll be going to at least one Passover Seder this year. Sometimes it’s a new experience, sometimes it’s the same Seder you’ve attended for years, it can be a long Seder or a 30 minute version, all Seders are based on the same story, and share similar traditions. As a culture, we love tradition; just think of Tevye from Fiddler on the Roof! But sometimes the same routine year after year, or even two nights in a row, can prove challenging for children, not to mention some adults! Trying new traditions or changing up the routine of your Seder isn’t just a good idea to help engage children (and adults); it’s actually recommended in the Seder itself ! In the traditional Seder text, there is a part where we discuss the four children. Each of these four children represents a particular character trait. In the text, the children can be understood to be the wise one, the rebellious, the simple and the one who does not know how to ask. These four children can also represent different learning styles: visual, auditory, tactile and kinesthetic. These various styles or learning preferences apply to children and adults alike.

When planning your Seder, or planning how to keep your children occupied and interested during the Seder, think about how your child likes to learn. Maybe your child is a visual learner, and enjoys reading their own Haggadah (the traditional text of the Seder) or books about Passover. PJ Library can definitely help here, check out for a complete listing of all our Passover related titles, and a list of kid-friendly Passover Haggadahs. Or they might be auditory learners, and love hearing the stories or music. The story of Passover is an exciting one; have fun telling it to your children with different voices and sound effects. Listen to Passover songs, or bring musical instruments that your child can play at the appropriate parts in the Seder. PJ Library has lists of Jewish music CDs for children, as well as curated Spotify playlists for different holidays!

For tactile learners, provide Passover coloring sheets or books (many children’s Haggadahs double as coloring books). Check online for Passover themed puzzles or puppets that they can play with during the Seder. Kinesthetic learners love to move and be active, they might like to put on a puppet show or act out the Passover story. Have them build their own pyramids out of blocks or Legos, or play Passover bingo throughout the Seder. There are so many ideas that can help you enrich and enliven your Seder. The Blog on has many articles and links, and the book flaps on your Passover PJ Library books include resources you can check out. PJ Library is on Pinterest and Tumblr with even more ideas to help you celebrate Passover with your family this year. PJ Library offers free, high quality Jewish books and music each month to children ages 6 months through 8 and beyond. PJ Library is a gift from JFGD in partnership with local philanthropists and the Harold Grinspoon Foundation. For information on how to enroll, or if you have questions about any of the ideas above, please contact Juliet Glaser, PJ Library/PJ Our Way Director at the Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton, at or 937-401-1451.

Legacies, Tributes, & Memorials FEDERATION

For more information about PJ Library or PJ Our Way or to get a child enrolled in either of these great programs, please contact Juliet Glaser at or 401-1541.

ANNUAL CAMPAIGN IN HONOR OF › Continued recovery of Ralph Schwartz Judy and Dr. Melvin Lipton IN MEMORY OF › Ronnie Wasserman Harlan Judy and Dr. Melvin Lipton › Fred Sokol Sandy and Irvin Zipperstein › Sister of Robert and Ellie Bernstein Debby and Dr. Robert Goldenberg › Carole Rabinowitz Beverly Louis ISRAEL SUPPORT FUND IN MEMORY OF › Joe Rose Barbara and Jack Gerbs


LINDA RUCHMAN MEMORIAL FUND IN MEMORY OF › Sylvia Wilson Julie Ruchman › Marilyn Leibowitz Marshall Ruchman and Family › Ira Rubin Marshall Ruchman › Hannah Zacher Judy and Marshall Ruchman TALA ARNOVITZ FUND IN MEMORY OF › Sylvan Weinberg › Fred Sokol Beverly Saeks and Family › Sylvia Wilson Louisa Scarpelli Dreety and Philip Dreety


JOAN & PETER WELLS AND REBECCA LINVILLE FAMILY, CHILDREN, AND YOUTH FUND IN HONOR OF › Marriage of Cindy Pretekin and Jeffrey Froelich Joan and Peter Wells IN MEMORY OF › Brother of Barbara Sanderow Joan and Peter Wells FAMILY SERVICES

JEWISH FAMILY SERVICES IN HONOR OF › Esther Feldman receiving the Beth Abraham Women of Valor Award Susan and Jonas Gruenberg

IN MEMORY OF › Ira Rubin Susan and Jonas Gruenberg FOUNDATION


A child shall lead them on Fanny’s Journey

YOM HA’ATZMAUT Community Israel Independence Day Celebration

Menemsha Films

Review By Michael Fox, Special To The Observer Movies about Jews evading the Holocaust are, frankly, irresistible. We never tire of these celluloid beacons of hope, not least because we can never forget that the victims greatly outnumbered the escapees. The challenge that filmmakers face in this area is keeping the rays of light in proportion to the vast darkness of reality. The vivid and moving drama, Fanny’s Journey, succeeds on that score by showing occupied France through the eyes of children who can’t fully apprehend the dangers all around them. The viewer brings all the context that the titular heroine Léonie Souchaud as Fanny Ben-Ami in Fanny’s Journey and her even younger charges lack. We fill in the off-screen horrors, from Paris deFrom here on, everyone’s survival depends on paying portations to labor and death camps in the east, that attention and following instructions. are only briefly alluded to. After Madame Forman hears the news of MusConsequently, the preponderance of bright, sunlit solini’s arrest on the radio, she instantly assesses the exteriors in Fanny’s Journey feels like a reflection of consequences: The brutal Germans will now be in normal childhood rather than a fake veneer lacquered charge, not Italian soldiers and police, and Jews are in over grim day-to-day existence. At the same time, immediate danger. every close call and near escape — and the movie Madame Forman and her assistant, a teenager abounds with them — is named Eli, manage to board the children on a train even more fraught for the headed across France toward the Swiss border, audience than for the fleeing although it requires a desperate, gutsy, spur-of-thechildren. moment, on-the-platform distraction on her part. Fanny’s Journey, adapted She briefly meets up with the children subsequentby French writer-director ly, by which time Eli has fled. Out of options, Madame Lola Doillon from Fanny Forman puts Fanny in charge of leading the eight Ben-Ami’s 2011 autobiogother kids to safety. (In actuality, the 13-year-old shepraphy, opens the 2017 JCC herded an astounding 27 children. The truth would Film Fest. have been too much for moviegoers to accept.) The movie starts rolling Fanny’s Journey depicts people helping endangered in 1943 at an idyllic country Jews for a variety of reasons, from love and innate house teeming with children humanity to simple commerce. The entire gamut of and a few doting adults. responses is evoked, with gratifying understatement: Thousands of French Jewish parents brought their heroism, self-sacrifice, self-interest, indifference and kids to rural enclaves like this for safekeeping, hoping betrayal. to reunite after the Nazis were expelled and the war The heart of the film, though, is the children’s reended. sponse to the disorienting and difficult circumstances Fanny and her two younger sisters cherish their which they must continually contend with. The film mother’s letters — their father is in a camp — and rarely invokes the paranoid feeling of not knowing Fanny also takes bittersweet comfort in recalling whom to trust; rather the viewer understands that vignettes from the family’s brief period of happiness Fanny and her charges will have to ultimately save together. themselves. The siblings’ security and stability comes to an Fanny’s Journey smoothly carries off the trick of abrupt end when the staff learns the Nazis have been making the kids vulnerable so that we despise anyone tipped off to the presence of Jewish children. Quickly who would torment and threaten them, yet resilient loaded onto buses, the kids are dispatched to another enough to evade and escape their adversaries. safe house on the Italian side of the border. By way of reminding us that the protagonists aren’t The no-nonsense Madame Forman (Cécile de action heroes or Jason Bourne-like prodigies, Doillon France, The Young Pope) rules the roost here, and she intersperses her film with interludes when the kids behas no time or inclination for coddling. She’s unduly have like kids — kicking a soccer ball, splashing in a harsh, but her manner is both bracing and necessary: stream, collecting wind-strewn currency in a meadow. The director generally resists using the score to manipulate our emotions, though she occasionally veers The JCC Film Fest opens with Fanny’s Journey at 7 into the broadly sentimental. For the viewer equipped p.m. on Tuesday, April 25 at Cinemark at The Greene, with tissues, it’s not a problem. with an additional screening at 7 p.m. on Thursday, Fanny’s Journey is an intelligent, gripping saga that May 11 at the Little Art Theatre, 247 Xenia Ave, honors the painful Jewish past and calls out French Yellow Springs. Tickets are available at the door, at collaborators. If it also puts us in mind of child, at the Boonshoft CJCE, 525 Versailles gees and immigrants, well, compassion is a universal Dr., Centerville, or by calling Karen Steiger at 610-1555. value.

Tuesday, May 2 5:30–7:30PM @ Boonshoft CJCE

RING IN Israel's

69th with a community-wide celebration like no other! Celebrate Israel's 69th birthday with the Dayton Jewish community! Bring your friends and family! Delicious Israeli food available for purchase, children's activity tables, and stamp your passport as we learn about famous Israelis!


RSVP at or by phone at 610-1555.



S N E A K P E E K : The Frisco Kid SUNDAY, APRIL 2 Just how do you escape an angry mob at sundown on Shabbat? This year we snuck in a charming sneak peek to get you ready for our 2017 Film Fest, and what better to wet your whistle than one of the most famous Jewish-centric films, The Frisco Kid, a side-splitting western that shows how a Polish Rabbi absolutely COULD survive in the wild wild west. Come out in your best western dress as we pay tribute to the late comedy legend, Gene Wilder.



Marshall Weiss, Editor and Publisher of The Dayton Jewish Observer. joins us after the film to discuss Gene Wilder’s monumental contributions to the film and comedy world.
















7:15PM N



















































Sabena Hijacking





134 min












Reception @ 6–7PM at K12 & TEJAS Gallery

Coffee @ 9:30AM 10AM N

The Women’s Balcony

341 S. Jefferson Street Dayton


7:15PM N

The Women’s Balcony

96 min 7:15PM




N The Neon 130 East 5th St., Dayton



94 min

105 min



Fanny’s Journey

139 min





G Cinemark @ the Greene 4489 Glengarry Dr., Beavercreek



96 min

2017 PRINT MEDIA SPONSOR ($2,500) :




The People VS. Fritz Bauer

Persona Non Grata


The Kind Words


Keep Quiet



7:15PM N








118 min

90 min




120 min





In Search of Israeli Cuisine 7:15PM






On the Map

94 min

© Swank Motion Pictures, Inc.



84 min




Fanny's Journey

me ________________ Date ____________ 7PM




ce ________________ Admission _______





Little Art Theatre 247 Xenia Ave., Yellow Springs


Single Tickets $9 Student Tickets $8 Season Pass $75 (includes sneak peek and all films)

HOW TO ORDER: BY PHONE: 937-610-1555 ONLINE: Credit Card Orders Only IN PERSON: Boonshoft CJCE 525 Versailles Drive, Centerville AT THEATRE: Day of Event

2017 FILM SPONSORS ($1,000) :



Israeli cuisine chef takes his taste buds on a search Review By Dan Pine, j.weekly If you think asking “Who is a Jew?” sparks debate, try getting in the middle of the “What is Israeli cuisine?” pie fight. As the film In Search of Israeli Cuisine lays it out, there may be no clear answer, but the question leads to delicious possibilities. The 2015 documentary stars Michael Solomonov, award-winning executive chef of Zahav, a Philadelphia restaurant with an Israeli-inspired menu. In the film, Solomonov traverses his native Israel, meeting with chefs of all stripes — Jewish, Arab, Sephardi, Ashkenazi — to divine the truth about the country’s culinary style. The result is more than an hour and a half of travelogue, culinary history and food porn extraordinaire. Dayton’s JCC Film Fest will screen In Search of Israeli Cuisine on May 1 at The Neon. The film’s opening sequence shows Solomonov dining in an Israeli café, digging into 17 small-plate salads, with recipes hailing from Yemen, Turkey, Iran, Morocco and several other ports of call. That sets the tone for the film’s main theme: the diversity of Israeli cuisine, which stems from Jewish communities across the globe. Several chefs interviewed credit their grandmother as a chief inspiration for the way they cook today. Chef Ezra Kedem, from the restaurant Arcadia in Jerusalem, tells Solomonov at one point, “I cook my memories. That’s the way to create a local language.” Then, on camera, Kedem prepares an eggplant carpaccio. In fact, there’s a lot of cooking in the film, from a Moroccan couscous to sumac-spiced medallions of grilled lamb, served with creamy sweet potato and steamed daikon. Usually after Solomonov tastes the dishes, he gives the chef a hug. Like chefs around the world these days, Israeli chefs seem in accord on using fresh, local ingredients indigenous to the region. That means using plenty of olive oil, lemon, cave-aged goat cheese and Middle Eastern herbs. Uri Jeremias, who runs Uri Buri restaurant in the seaside town of Akko, specializes in seafood. On a jaunt to the local market, he guides Solomonov in sampling raw fish. “Israel has 107 different representative countries,” Jeremias says, “and all have had influence” on the cuisine. Using archival footage, Sherman shows how Israelis in the ’50s and ’60s were too busy building their state to fret over haute cuisine. But eventually, with the country’s prosperity came a newfound appreciation The JCC Film Fest presents In Search of Israeli Cuisine at 7:15 p.m. on Monday, May 1 at The Neon, 130 E. 5th St., Dayton. Tickets are available at the door, at, at the Boonshoft CJCE, 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville, or by calling Karen Steiger at 610-1555.


Michael Solomonov (L) tries Meir Adoni’s Kubaneh (Yemenite Sabbath Bread) at Mizlala restaurant in Tel Aviv

for good food. The film touches on the sensitive subject of culinary appropriation. Many Palestinians accuse Israeli Jews of stealing their dishes, most notably hummus. As the film notes, cross-cultural blending of cuisines is found all over the world. “Food is not political,” says Jewish Israeli bread maker Erez Komarovsky, who lives near the Lebanese border. “It is what is grown on the land by people living here. Call them Israeli or Palestinian, I don’t care.” The film explores the giddy days of the Oslo accords, when Israelis and Palestinians dared to meet each other and sample each other’s foods. As chef Hussam Abbas tells Solomonov from his El-Babor restaurant in the Arab Israeli town of Umm el-Fahm, “Food makes peace.” The film takes a solemn turn when Solomonov visits the site where his brother died near the Lebanese border. An Israel Defense Forces soldier, David Solomonov was killed by a sniper in 2003, a tragedy that inspired Michael, who was cooking in an Italian restaurant in New York at the time, to turn his culinary talents toward Israeli food. The film meanders a bit, exploring Israel’s wine industry in the Golan, and the remarkable agricultural innovations taking place in the bone-dry Negev Desert. Though interesting, these sequences slow things down. The film is at its best when focusing on chefs and their sleight of hand in the kitchen. Does Solomonov ever answer his own question? Not exactly. Israeli television chef Gil Hovav says Israeli cuisine is “a nonexistent idea” because the country is too young to have developed its own style yet. Another chef says there is such a thing as Israeli cuisine, but that it is, at best, “a precocious baby cuisine.” But while the search leaves an all-encompassing definition of “Israeli cuisine” hanging out there like a pretty big matzah ball, Solomonov at least has fun along the way — scarfing down all the tasty bites that Israel’s master chefs whip up for him.

JCC offers up Frisco Kid as appetizer A few weeks before the official start of this year’s Film Fest, the JCC will offer a sneak peek at the 1979 cult comedy The Frisco Kid, starring Gene Wilder and Harrison Ford, at 3 p.m. on Sunday, April 2 at The Neon. Directed by Robert Aldrich (What Ever Happened to Baby Jane?, The Dirty Dozen, The Longest Yard), The Frisco Kid concerns a young rabbi from Poland who is sent to San Francisco

Florentine Films


in 1850 to lead a fledgling synagogue there. Wilder brings a sweetness to the part that celebrates the optimism of the Jewish spirit, even as he crosses the Wild West with a bandit played by Harrison Ford, in between Star Wars Episode IV and Raiders of the Lost Ark. Tickets are $5 and are available at the door, at, at the Boonshoft CJCE, or by calling Karen Steiger at 610-1555. — Marshall Weiss

SUNDAY, APRIL 30, 2–4 PM @ Boonshoft CJCE (525 Versailles Dr. 45459) Cost: $5 per person. Refreshments will be served. Lori Firsdon from Forte Organizers will discuss organizing, decluttering, downsizing, and donating. Allen Nelson from Next Steps Senior Transitions will talk to us about downsizing and transitioning a loved one to a new home.

Warner Bros.

RSVP BY APRIL 24 AT OR AT 610-1555 .


Gene Wilder and Harrison Ford in the 1979 comedy The Fricso Kid



“A creative, thoughtful, and accomplished people such as the Jewish people should be known by what they have done and not by what has been done to them.”


DIN N E R 2017


SUNDAY, MAY 7, 2017 @ BOONSHOFT CJCE (525 Versailles Drive, 45459)


Cocktail Reception


Dinner and Keynote Speaker Catering by Elite Catering. Dietary Laws will be observed.


among other TV news outlets. She is a

against David Irving, who sued her for calling

frequent contributor to a variety of newspapers,

him a Holocaust denier. According to The

Dr. Lipstadt is Dorot Professor of Modern

including the Los Angeles Times, the

Times (London), “history had its day in

Jewish and Holocaust Studies at Emory

Washington Post, and the New York

court, and scored a crushing victory.” The book

University in Atlanta. Her academic career

Times. An accomplished author, Dr.

was recently adapted into the blockbuster film

spans 40 years of research and writings. Dr.

Lipstadt’s book History on Trial: My

Denial. Dr. Deborah Lipstadt will share with

Lipstadt has appeared on CNN, 60 Minutes,

Day in Court with a Holocaust Denier,

our community her personal story, and how the

Today, and Good Morning America,

recounts the story of her libel trial in London

past impacts our Jewish Future.

Tickets on sale at or RSVP to Alisa Thomas at 610-1796. Seating is limited.

For more information contact Juliet Glaser at



Israeli filmmaker’s Kind Words tracks siblings’ journey through the past By Michael Fox, Special To The Observer the son of a Muslim. The Kind Words could be described as an exceptionWhile the premise of the film is serious and the ally touching comedy or an unusually funny family stakes are high, there’s ample opportunity for scathing drama. Israeli writer-director Shemi Zarhin won’t one-liners, absurdist situations, curious behavior and argue either way. poignant encounters. “I write like a director and I The Kind Words, which reRonald Plant direct like a novelist,” he says ceived 12 Ophir Award nominavia Skype from his home in tions, screens on the JCC Film Israel. “What interests me the Fest. most is the way that ambiguity “My goal was to take Dorona creates an emotional experience. step by step to the moment that The most important thing is that she can understand that she there are several moments that has to understand, like Alice in you don’t know how to feel. Wonderland,” the 55-year-old The characters themselves don’t director says. “At the end of know if they should laugh or the story she is in the right state cry.” of mind to start asking the real The feature film presents three questions.” Thirtysomething siblings with The identity of her biological the revelation that their mother’s father, which set Dorona on this first sweetheart in her native journey, turns out not to be the Algeria was a Muslim, and most important question. Zarhin might be their biological father. underscores that point with an Already grappling with individending that avoids confirmual personal troubles, Dorona, ing whether the siblings have Scene from The Kind Words Netanel and Shai set off to Paris located the right man. (and beyond) to try and find him. “Dorona realizes that the father is the one that Dorona has separated from her husband after a wants to be a father,” Zarhin says forcefully. “The couple of miscarriages, and questions herself and the mother is the one that wants to be a mother. The relationship. Shai, the youngest, is gay and insists on Israeli is the one that wants to be Israeli. And (the) keeping his family at arm’s length. Jewish (one) is the one that wants to be Jewish.” Netanel, meanwhile, became observant after he Zarhin argues that in order to live a satisfying life, married an American Orthodox Jew, but is unresolved his characters must decide who they are rather than about his faith and beliefs. However, that doesn’t stop accepting and conforming to roles that have been imhim from criticizing’s Shai’s sexual orientation. You posed on them as individuals, or members of a family, can imagine his reaction to the notion that he might be nationality or country.

“From my point of view, the present and the future are the space that we should live in,” Zarhin says. “The past is a kind of jail, a prison. Until we understand that, we are, in a way, slaves of our past, or our parents’ past.” When Dorona begins to see things through someone’s eyes other than her own, she develops compassion for her mother as well as the only father she’s known. The Kind Words represents a kind of humanist filmmaking in the tradition of the great films of Jean Renoir and Satyajit Ray. One of Israel’s most respected filmmakers, Zarhin previously directed Passover Fever (1995), Dangerous Acts (1998, seven Ophir Awards), the masDirector Shemi Zarhin sive international hit Bonjour Monsieur Shlomi (2003), Aviva, My Love (2006, six Ophir Awards) and The World is Funny (2012, 15 Ophir nods). He is also the author of the prizewinning, bestselling 2012 novel, Some Day. “When you ask me what is my profession, I say storyteller,” Zarhin says. “A storyteller is not a plot teller. It’s not only the plot. It’s a story, which has feelings and images and ideas.”

On the Map revisits Israel’s hoop dreams

Hey Jude Productions

By Michael Fox, Special To The Observer Americans of a certain age fervently recall the “miracle on ice” at the 1980 Olympics. Three years earlier, Israelis celebrated their own iconic sports moment — also involving the Soviet Union. Los Angeles-based filmmaker Dani Menkin grew up in Tel Aviv, so he was naturally a fan of the Maccabi Tel Aviv basketball team. In 1977, as the undersized squad defeated one historically strong team in the European league after another, every Israeli became a Maccabi supporter. “When Maccabi Tel Aviv was facing the Russians, who didn’t want to play against Israel, we understood this was bigger than basketball,” Menkin recalls. “If we beat the Russians, and back then the Russians symbolized everything that was against our country, it united us. It crossed politics. It crossed sports rivals. Even Hapoel’s fans were fans of that team because it represented Israel.” The director of the feel-good documentaries 39 Pounds of Love and Dolphin Boy, Menkin was approached by an Israeli television station to research a potential film about Maccabi Tel Aviv’s remarkable 1977 run. Menkin was amazed that no one had already told The JCC Film Fest presents On The Map at 7:15 p.m. on Thursday, April 27 at The Neon, 130 E. 5th St., Dayton. Tickets are available at the door, at jewishdayton. org, at the Boonshoft CJCE, 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville, or by calling Karen Steiger at 610-1555.

the story, and gratified that he would be the one to do so. “I can almost say that I worked on it for 40 years, because this really was part of my life,” he says. Entitled 77-78, the film debuted on Israeli television in the fall of 2015. Meanwhile, as Menkin traveled around the U.S. with his fiction film, Is That You?, he discovered that hardly any Americans knew about the Maccabi team — or its immense impact on Israeli national pride in the lingering aftermath of the massacre of Israeli athletes at the Munich Olympics and the extensive casualties in the Yom Kippur War. So Menkin paired up with L.A. producers Roberta Grossman and Nancy Spielberg on a version of the film for American audiences. He had seen their documentary Above and Beyond, about the American Jewish pilots who joined the fight for the new Jewish state’s survival before and during the war of 1948. The legendary Maccabi Tel Aviv team had likewise benefitted from an infusion from the U.S.: It boasted six American players. On the Map is a delicious compilation of archival footage, much of it from personal collections and never seen before, interwoven with new interviews with retired player and commentator Bill Walton and former NBA commissioner David Stern. Menkin’s interviews with the American players — who weren’t good enough to play major minutes in the NBA but achieved stardom, if not immortality, in Israel — are insightful and pleasurable. The film takes its title and spirit from Maccabi Tel Aviv star Tal Brody’s exuberant pro-Israel declaration, “We are on the map,” following an emblematic

The JCC Film Fest presents The Kind Words at 7:15 p.m. on Thursday, May 4 at The Neon, 130 E. 5th St., Dayton. Tickets are available at the door, at jewishdayton. org, at the Boonshoft CJCE, 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville, or by calling Karen Steiger at 610-1555.

Moshe Dayan with members of the 1977 Maccabi Tel Aviv

victory. One is tempted to conclude that Menkin, an effusively enthusiastic man whose positivity is reflected in his films, internalized the optimism of 1977. “I call our company Hey Jude Productions,” he says, “not only because I’m a big fan of the Beatles, and Paul McCartney specifically, but because of the line, ‘Take a sad song and make it better.’ If you want hard stories, if you want to be depressed, you just have to (turn on) the news. What I’m trying to do is bring more optimistic stories that have some darker layers, but at the end of the day — and this is my philosophy not about filmmaking but about life — we are here to make it better.”




CONGREGATIONS Beth Abraham Synagogue Conservative Rabbi Joshua Ginsberg Cantor/Dir. of Ed. & Programming Andrea Raizen Monday through Friday 6:50 a.m. & 5:30 p.m. Fri., 5:30 p.m. Sat. 9 a.m. Sundays at 8:30 a.m. 305 Sugar Camp Circle, Oakwood. 293-9520. Beth Jacob Congregation Traditional Rabbi In Residence Adam Rosenthal Saturdays 9:30 a.m., Sundays 8 a.m., Sunday through Friday, 7 p.m. 7020 N. Main St., Dayton. 274-2149. Temple Anshe Emeth Reform Rabbinic Intern Sara Otero Fri., April 7, 7:30 p.m. 320 Caldwell St., Piqua. Call Eileen Litchfield, 937-5470092, Correspondence address: 3808 Beanblossom Rd., Greenville, OH 45331. Temple Beth Or Reform Rabbi Judy Chessin Educator/Rabbi Ari Ballaban Fridays 7 p.m. Saturdays 10 a.m. 5275 Marshall Rd., Wash. Twp. 435-3400. Temple Beth Sholom Reform Rabbi Haviva Horvitz See Web site for schedule. 610 Gladys Dr., Middletown. 513-422-8313. Temple Israel Reform Senior Rabbi Karen Bodney-Halasz Rabbi/Educator Tina Sobo First Friday each month 6 p.m. followed by Share Shabbat meal. All other Fridays, 6:30 p.m. Saturdays 10:30 a.m. 130 Riverside Dr., Dayton. 496-0050. Temple Sholom Reform Rabbi Cary Kozberg Fridays 6 p.m. 2424 N. Limestone St., Springfield. 399-1231.

ADDITIONAL SERVICES Chabad of Greater Dayton Rabbi Nochum Mangel Associate Rabbi Shmuel Klatzkin Youth & Prog. Dir. Rabbi Levi Simon. Beginner educational service Saturdays 9 a.m. adults, 10 a.m children. Sundays 9 a.m. 2001 Far Hills Ave. 643-0770. Yellow Springs Havurah Independent Services 1st & 3rd Saturdays, 10-noon. Antioch College Rockford Chapel. Contact Cheryl Levine, 937-767-9293. PAGE 28

Neighbors, strangers, and helpers By Rabbi Judy Chessin Temple Beth Or At the center of the Torah, the very heart of the book of Leviticus, lies a fundamental teaching of Judaism: “Love your neighbor as yourself (19:18).” Rabbi Akiva concluded that it is the major principle of the Torah (Palestinian Talmud Nedarim 9:4) and Christians call it the Golden Rule. As central as is this fundamental value, it is not without controversy especially in today’s polarized political atmosphere. Who exactly is our neighbor? Do our neighbors include those of other races, religions,

Yet, other scholars, including As Golda Meir reminded us, vigilance and self-defense are Richard Elliot Friedman, point out that the biblical word re’a in a necessary and unfortunate evil: “We owe responsibility the Torah can refer not only to not only to those who are in kinspersons but also to outsidIsrael but also to those ers. Indeed, the very generations who are word is used for the no more, to those milEgyptian neighbors lions who have died (re’im) whom the Israwithin our lifetime, elites asked for gold to Jews all over the and silver before fleeworld, and to generaing slavery in Egypt. tions of Jews to come. And even if LevitiWe hate war. We do cus 19:18 refers only not rejoice in victoto “brotherly love,” in ries. We rejoice when its larger context the book continues with Rabbi Judy Chessin a new kind of cotton is grown, and when more lofty, inclusive strawberries bloom in Israel.” ideals. Leviticus 19:34 reminds In his brilliant essay, Yossi us likewise to love the ger or stranger (foreigner, alien) for we Klein Halevi of the Shalom Hartman Institute in Jerusalem were ourselves were gerim or suggests the messages of our strangers in the land of Egypt. spring holidays resound differHow does this text inform or nationalities? Are we to love, ently among Jews. and therefore welcome refugees our current political climate? Purim reminds us of the On the one hand, we must from contiguous countries, or show great compassion and do eternal animus of Amalek (from all refugees from far and wide; whom the only our friends, or our enemies all we can for wicked Haman the oppressed of To be a Jew alike? was descended) all nations. While most agree that means to find and his kind, As Rabbi Leviticus 19:18 is a fundamenthose bent upon Joachim Prinz tal Divine command, there is a precarious our destruction. stated at the little clarity as to what it actuMarch on Wash- balance between Antisemitism is ally means with regard to our surely alive and ington in 1963, personal, political or national safety versus well, and the “In the realm of interactions. compassion Purim narrative the spirit, our The verse, in context, is unspeaks powderstood by many Jewish com- fathers taught erfully to us: us thousands mentators, Hebrew linguists “Don’t be naïve.” of years ago that, when God and interpreters as meaning Then comes Passover, recreated man, He created him as exclusively our own people. minding us that we were once everybody's neighbor. NeighSince all verses surroundstrangers in the land of Egypt, bor is not a geographic term. It ing the words refer to fellow Israelites, including “neighbor,” is a moral concept. It means our requiring us to have empathy for the disenfranchised, discollective responsibility for the “people,” and “kin,” biblical placed and downtrodden in preservation of man's dignity scholar Marc Tzvi Brettler sugour world. Or as Halevi puts it, and integrity.” gests “as yourself” might actu“Don’t be brutal.” And yet, biblically, loving ally modify the word “neighEach of us may resonate the neighbor never extended bor” and not the word “love.” more toward one remembrance In other words, love those who to the mortal enemies of Israel. over the other: “Passover Jews” We are to blot out the name of are like yourself, namely your Amalekites and defeat our foes. are more naturally motivated fellow kinspersons.



Nisan/Iyar Pesach

Passover April 11-18 • 15-22 Nisan Eight-day festival celebrating the Exodus of the Israelites from Egypt. Leavened bread products are not eaten.

Yom Hashoah

Holocaust Remembrance Day April 24/28 Nisan Marked by memorials for those who perished in the Holocaust.

by empathy for the oppressed while “Purim Jews” are motivated by alertness to threat. To be a Jew means to find a precarious balance between the two themes: safety versus compassion, vigilance versus generosity of spirit. It is the only realistic way to honor the aspirational commandment of loving our neighbor even as we love ourselves. Wisdom may come from, of all places, the childhood television show Mr. Roger’s Neighborhood. Fred Rogers once said, “When I was a boy and I would see scary things in the news, my mother would say to me, ‘Look for the helpers. You will always find people who are helping.’” This wisdom might serve us well this season. Purim’s fear and outrage should not define us, even as Passover’s aspirational idealism should not lead us to naiveté. In these challenging times, let us bolster and join with the many helpers — those of different faiths, nationalities, races and backgrounds — who share the values cherished by our community. There are those among our neighbors who are coalescing to fight antisemitic attacks, religious bigotry, racial and gender injustice and national and worldwide terror. Let us join with them hand in hand and say, “Won’t you be my neighbor?”

Best wishes to all for a Happy Passover

Candle Lightings Myrna Nelson

Shabbat, April 7: 7:49 p.m. Erev Pesach, April 10: 7:52 p.m. First Eve Pesach April 11: 8:52 p.m.

Torah Portions

Shabbat, April 14: 7:56 p.m.

April 1 Vayikra, (Lev. 1:1-5:26)

Seventh Eve Pesach April 16: 7:58 p.m.

April 8 Tzav (Lev. 6:1-8:36)

Eighth Eve Pesach April 17: 8:59 p.m.

April 22, Shemini (Lev. 9:1-11:47)

Shabbat, April 21: 8:03 p.m. Shabbat, April 28: 8:10 p.m.

April 29, Tazria-Metzora (Lev. 12:1-15:33)

We wish the Dayton Jewish community a very happy Passover

Esther & DeNeal Feldman



Our interfaith Seder Twentysomethings and teenBy Jennifer Reinharz, JTA he felt strengthened the Jewish agers were just as jazzed as the Born into a Catholic famidentity of our sons — and enily with a Jewish surname, I couraged new and experienced under-10 population to hunt for the afikomen. should have expected I would guests to discuss important The widow and sister of a one day find myself leading a Passover themes like freedom, dear friend — a devout Irish Passover Seder. rebirth and tikun olam, healing Catholic who always attended To date, my husband, Larry, the world. our Seders but passed away and I have hosted nine SedIt took a few years to earn a few years ago — recited the ers, eight of which I’ve had the our Seder hosting chops, but honor to lead. This role was we eventually found a balance. concluding poem together, a job historically reserved for bestowed upon me after my “Your Haggadah puts me in him. Jewish husband concluded that a position to think about what And when the Seder ended, in light of my organized, crematters,” Larry concluded. that sister — a retired high ative, teacher-like nature, I was “See? Marrying outside my school special education the right person for the job. faith is making me a better teacher, mother of four, grandThe trade-off was food prep, Jew.” mother who attends daily Mass which he happily agreed to Fast forward to Passover tackle. Not one who enjoys 2014. Walking by a local church and a Passover newcomer — stood up and addressed the cooking, I acquiesced. Besides, the morning of Passover, I group: the man makes a mean brisket. noticed a passage carved into “We are a society of selfI love a good Passover Seder. the steeple: absorbed immediacy. It seems But I didn’t always feel that “How pleasant for God’s that all anyone cares about way. people today are the latest trends, the In the beginning, I found it a To live together in harmony hottest stars and themselves. tough ceremony to swallow. I — Psalm 133” It is important to pass on felt like the token Christian, the I thought about our Seder traditions, talk about stranger in the wrong Bill Pugliano/Getty Images ancestry, tell stories outfit eating the and make connections matzah out of order. to the past. Doing this The structure of the creates a necessary service confused me, foundation for our and the intensity aschildren. For me, the sociated with staying Seder represents hope on task gave me the and a renewed deterperfect excuse to keep mination to keep all quiet. the traditions we have I felt excluded by alive and fun.” the deluge of Hebrew Then she took home spoken by those in the our Haggadah to use know and, in general, as a teaching aid in her lost — drowned in a catechism class. Red Sea of rigidity, People of various faiths and nationalities attending an Last Passover, this pomp and circuminterfaith Passover Seder in West Bloomfield, Mich. friend’s theory became stance. For years I practice when my couldn’t wait to suck down that fourth cup of wine guests. That evening, 16 people son, then 9, asked to do more. He read the story of Exodus and hightail it home. — Jews, Catholics, Muslims, a and recited the 10 plagues But I married a Jewish man, son of Methodist missionaries, and we were raising our kids family, old friends and new fac- along with a couple of blessings in Hebrew. And on the Jewish. Determined to do right es — would gather around our by my Catholic self and our table like a bona fide interfaith, second night, when we held an intimate Seder with family, Jewish family, I set out on a intergenerational jamboree. he wowed the crowd by taking mission to create an interfaithAs suspected, it turned out the lead. friendly Seder. to be just that. I was not raised Jewish. I First, I compiled a HagWe waited to kick off the gadah full of catchy ditties, festivities so my Muslim neigh- did not convert to Judaism. But watching my son embrace kid-friendly verses and handsbor could run home to say her his Jewish identity made this on plagues. I switched up the afternoon prayers. interfaith mama proud. order of the service, made the My father, a good ol’ boy Larry and I will soon welblessings accessible in English and the son of Methodist miscome the usual crew to our and Hebrew, added passages sionaries who has a mezuzah pleasant Passover. Should about civil rights and the huaffixed to his doorpost out of Elijah slip through the open man condition, highlighted respect for our Jewish ancesspringtime symbolism, and oftors, joined us for his first Seder door, I hope he’ll stay for a sip or two of wine. There are 16 fered readings that would apand my first holiday with him people who value tradition, peal to different belief systems. since I was a baby. freedom, inclusivity, harmony Interfaith marriage is about Adults and young people and humanity he’s going to building bridges. Larry was alike wore sunglasses to want to meet. open to the idea and respected symbolize darkness, the ninth my effort to design a Haggaplague, and enjoyed an enthuJennifer Reinharz writes for dah that made sense for me, siastic food fight of marshmalchildren and blogs for grown-ups. but also maintained traditions low hail.

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By Olga Chernov-Gitin, JTA My son is 41/2, a delightful age when he is still full of sometimes grammatically incorrect sentences that provide a glimpse into the magical and unique way that children see the world. In everything, my husband and I look for teaching moments. Our policy is to tell the truth, even if we need to simplify it a little bit. Like most first-generation Americans, he hears the words “when I was little …” from us a lot. It’s followed by a comparison of how different his American childhood is from our Soviet childhoods: everything from toys and food, to freedom of religion and celebrating diversity. Once we went to our local Chabad for a model matzah baking. At the end, the kids received real shmurah matzah, and the rabbi even mentioned to us that it comes from Dnepropetrovsk, in Ukraine. (When I was little, there were no matzah bakeries in Dnepropetrovsk.) That morning, as I was getting my tortilla out of the fridge, I mentioned to Will that once Passover starts, I won’t be eating any tortillas and we giggled about the difficulty of spreading peanut butter and

jelly on matzah without breaking it. Somewhat thoughtfully, Will remarked: “You’ll probably be really sick of matzah by the end of Pesach! Aaaaaand, you can’t have pancakes!” Even though I was already risking being late for work, I decided that the moment was right to share my thoughts on Passover with my son, since he had brought it up. “You know what? You’re right, by the end, I do miss real bread,” I said. “But you know what else? I’m really happy when I eat matzah. It reminds me that I’m free to eat it and free to celebrate Pesach. Did you know that when I was little, we weren’t allowed to?” Aha! I saw the spark of interest in his eyes; my cue to continue. “When I was little, and even when Grandma Yana was little, we weren’t allowed to celebrate Pesach and eat matzah,” I said. “In the Soviet Union, the government didn’t want Jews to celebrate their holidays. We couldn’t go to the library and learn to make matzah. And Jews couldn’t even speak Yiddish in public. Can you imagine what it would be like if you were only allowed to speak Russian at home and never,

I eat matzah for them, to be reminded that Jewish freedom comes with a heavy price.

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ever outside?” Confused surprise flashed across my son’s face. “Is that why everyone only remembers some words in Yiddish but not all?” he asked. “And is that why you want me to speak Russian? So I don’t forget it like they forgot Yiddish?” Bingo! A connection had been made. It was imperfect, but I’ll take it. I came back to eating matzah. Yes, I miss chametz (bread products) by about day five. But the truth is, Passover is one of my favorite holidays precisely because it celebrates freedom. Freedom of my Jewish people from slavery, freedom of refugees/Americans by choice like us to be Jewish, and most recently, freedom of self-determination for Jews in Ukraine, who joined Ukrainians of all backgrounds to proclaim that they, too, want to live free of corruption and outside political influence. My son is the new generation that will not know political oppression and religious suppression. He is the pure generation that hears about things so unthinkable to him that he probably assumes we exaggerate. Watching him grow up free and teaching him what it means to be Jewish is an honor and a joy. It is something I do openly, buying Jewish books in Barnes & Noble and celebrating holidays in public spaces. These are such simple things, yet so unthinkable for my parents and grandparents. They managed to pass on what little they knew out of sight and with some apprehension. I eat matzah for them, to be reminded that Jewish freedom comes with a heavy price. But in today’s America, passing on the significance of that freedom is both my luxury and my responsibility. Olga Chernov-Gitin is a firstgeneration American who lives with her husband and two children in Conshohocken, Pa.


Lighten up your Seder with fish & veggies Recipes and Photos By Elizabeth Kurtz, Everyone needs crowdpleasing recipes we can turn to over and over again. This is important for every holiday, but especially for Passover, when ingredients are usually more limited. At the heart of every Jewish celebration is family or friends gathered around the table enjoying stories, conversation, tradition, and great dishes. I believe with all my heart that these traditions, these meals, and these remarkable memories have held us together as a Jewish people for thousands of years. The art and creation of an inspired, and delicious Passover meal can be challenging. For some, making the same recipes each year represents tradition, comfort, and familiarity, and for others like me, trying new recipes makes me excited to come to the table and share new tastes with others. Here are my tips and tricks to make Passover cooking easy and delicious, followed by three Passover-friendly recipes — soup, main course, and dessert — from my kosher cookbook, Celebrate. Whenever possible, stick to recipes that are naturally kosher for Passover. Recipes that include great natural flavor enhancers, like lemon and other citrus, fresh garlic, onion, wine, fresh and dried herbs, toasted nuts, and the freshest vegetables and fruits. Stay away from lots of matzah meal and potato starch dishes. You will feel better and look better, too. Make lists, lots of lists: your menu, your grocery list, the ingredients you were able to store from last year, favorite recipes each year, guests at each meal, how much you bought, what you need to replace before next year. Keep these lists to use from year to year. Create a menu so you can be organized and generate new lists from your menu. Always add one or two new recipes to the menu but do not make a full menu of new recipes. Trust me,

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you will become overwhelmed and the cooking time could become burdensome. Make ahead anything that can be stored in the freezer, like roasts, soups, dips, some kugels, and desserts. A few days ahead of time, prepare recipes that can be stored in the refrigerator for a day or two, like salad dressings, dips, desserts, kugel, and definitely chicken soup. Follow these freezing tips: Let cool before freezing. Cover food with heavy duty aluminum foil for the freezer. Defrost most food in the refrigerator, then move to the counter before reheating. Recipes with sauces freeze well as do soups, and roasts. Label the items in the freezer. Reheat fried foods like schnitzel, and starchy dishes like potato kugel, directly from the freezer into a 250 degree oven. Do not defrost these first; they might get soggy. It’s OK to take a few shortcuts! Encourage guests to bring dishes to contribute to the meal; it makes them feel like a part of the event. Or buy something that looks great and makes life a little easier. Remember, you can dress up a flourless chocolate cake with some puréed berries

and whipped cream and make it look almost homemade. If you are joining or hosting a Passover Seder that is more traditional and plan on following a Haggadah completely, remember to serve your guests and children something before you start. I recommend a few meatballs with tomato sauce on baked potatoes. This way, everyone can enjoy the experience without hunger pains. Albondiga Soup This exotic Spanish soup is a Passover favorite for my family, precisely because it tastes nothing like Passover. Carrots and zucchini, fresh cilantro, rich broth and flavorful meatballs — albondigas — make a filling first course that your family and guests will love. Serves 10. For the meatballs: 1 lb. ground turkey 1/3 cup matzah meal 1/4 cup finely chopped fresh cilantro Continued on next page

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Lighten up Continued from previous page 1/4 cup chopped fresh parsley 1/2 tsp. ground cumin 11/2 tsp. kosher salt 1 large egg, lightly beaten For the soup: 2 Tbsp. extra-virgin olive oil 1 yellow onion, finely chopped 2 cloves garlic, minced 6 cups chicken broth 2 cups water 2 Tbsp. tomato paste 2 carrots, peeled and sliced 1 large zucchini, halved lengthwise and sliced 1/2 cup chopped fresh cilantro or parsley 1 tsp. dried oregano 3/4 tsp. kosher salt 1/2 tsp. ground black pepper 1 avocado, pitted and chopped, for garnish 1 lime, cut into wedges, for garnish 1/4 cup minced fresh cilantro or parsley, for garnish To prepare the meatballs: Combine turkey, matzah meal, cilantro, parsley, cumin, and salt in a medium bowl. Use a wooden spoon to gently stir the mixture until blended. Add egg, mixing just until combined. Form into one-inch balls. To prepare the soup: Heat oil in a large stockpot over medium-high heat. Add onion and cook, stirring occasionally, until soft, about six minutes. Add garlic and cook until fragrant, about one minute. Add broth, water, and tomato paste, stirring to dissolve. Add carrots; bring to a boil over high heat. Reduce to a simmer and add meatballs; cook 15 minutes over medium-low heat. Add zucchini; cook until carrots and zucchini are tender and meatballs are cooked through, an additional 10 to 15 minutes. Add chopped cilantro, oregano, salt, and pepper. Serve warm with avocado, lime wedges, and a sprinkle of minced cilantro. Roasted Chicken with Shiitake Mushrooms and Artichokes Your house will smell amazing when you make this chicken. Artichoke bottoms are available in both the freezer section and in a can. If you’re using frozen artichokes, thaw first. You can also use marinated artichoke hearts from a jar in place of the artichoke bottoms. Just

Roasted Chicken with Shiitake Mushrooms and Artichokes

be sure to drain them before using. This must be served warm. Serves eight. 2 (3- to 4-lb.) chickens, cut into eighths 5 Tbsp. extra-virgin olive oil, divided 1 tsp. kosher salt 1/2 tsp. ground black pepper Zest and juice of 2 lemons 1 lb. artichoke bottoms (or zucchini sliced in 1-inch rounds) 1/4 lb. shiitake mushrooms, sliced 10 large cloves garlic 8 shallots, peeled and halved 2 tsp. fresh thyme leaves or 1/2 tsp. dried 1 cup dry white wine 1 cup pitted green olives Preheat oven to 500 degrees. Place chicken in a shallow roasting pan. Drizzle with two tablespoons of oil, and season with salt and pepper. Zest each lemon into long strips; squeeze juice into a separate small bowl. Set juice aside. Combine lemon zest, artichokes, mushrooms, garlic, shallots, and thyme in a medium bowl. Add remaining three tablespoons oil; toss to coat. Arrange mixture in pan around chicken. Roast until chicken is golden brown, about 40 minutes. Remove chicken from oven. Pour reserved lemon juice, wine, and olives over chicken. Return to oven and cook an additional 10 to 15 minutes. Serve warm with vegetables and pan juices.

For the filling: 2 oz. unsweetened chocolate, chopped 4 egg yolks 1/2 cup sugar 2 Tbsp. water 1/8 tsp. salt 2 cups pareve whipping cream, whipped until soft peaks form, divided Generous amount of chocolate and pareve white chocolate shavings, for garnish

Preheat oven to 450 degrees. Grease a 9-inch deep-dish pie pan. To prepare the meringue crust: With an electric mixer, beat egg whites in a large bowl until soft peaks form. Gradually add sugar and potato starch, constantly beating. Stir in vinegar and vanilla; beat until stiff peaks form and meringue is thick and glossy. Spoon meringue into prepared pie pan; press against sides to form a crust. Place in oven and turn off heat. Leave meringue in oven for three hours; remove pan to cool. The meringue can be stored up to two days, covered, in a dry place. To prepare the filling: Melt chocolate in a medium saucepan over low heat, stirring until smooth. Cool to lukewarm. Using an electric mixer, beat egg yolks, sugar, water, and salt until frothy. Stir into pan of melted chocolate. Cook mixture over low heat, whisking constantly until thick, about four minutes. Cool completely. Fold chocolate mixture into half of the prepared whipped cream. Pour into cooled shell; chill in refrigerator until mousse is set. Top with remaining half of whipped cream; garnish with chocolate and white chocolate shavings. Store in refrigerator until ready to serve.

Chocolate Angel Pie Serves 10 For the meringue crust: 4 egg whites, at room temperature 1 cup plus 2 Tbsp. sugar 1 tsp. potato starch 1 tsp. distilled white vinegar 3/4 tsp. Passover vanilla extract

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Sophisticated kosher wines for Passover Hadas Parush/Flash90

blogger and By Deborah Fineblum columnist David Rhodes, who Even the most finicky wine runs the Drink snob won’t be able to “pass Israel Facebook over” the new generation of page. kosher wines. The last decade Since Seder has witnessed an explosion of participants high-quality kosher wines, a drink so much far cry from the heavy, sweet wine at the traand vaguely medicinal wines ditional gatherthat graced the Seder tables of ing — much of yesteryear. it on a relatively “These days there are so empty stomach many different kosher wines Israelis attend the annual wine festival held at the — before the out there that even Trader Israel Museum in Jerusalem, Sept. 6, 2016 meal, it’s imporJoe’s sells them, and you tant to supply know what? They’re not bad,” credited master of wine, and wine that won’t make them says Arlene Mathes-Scharf of a story on Israeli wines was too inebriated to appreciate the featured on the cover of the message of the Seder, cautions Industry insiders report that October 2016 issue of the popuCalifornia-based kosher wine for more than a decade, the lar Wine Spectator magazine. critic and blogger David Racvariety and quality of kosher The same magazine’s 2016 list cah, who runs kosherwinemus- of the world’s Top 100 wines wine has been on the rise, matching customers’ tastes and included two from Israel, selec“That’s why it’s the worst demands. tions from the Tzora and Galil time to try ‘bombastic,’ high“Today’s Jewish consumer Mountain wineries. alcohol wines,” Raccah says. is more sophisticated and dis“We’re only the 36th wine “You’ll want to stick to light cerning, and not satisfied with producer in the world in terms wines like Via Sparkling, sacramental wine,” says Jay of size. We produce 1/400th preferably under 10 percent Buchsbaum, a vice president of the French output, a drop alcohol, that won’t land you at the New Jersey-based Royal in the barrel. But our recogniflat on your back by the time Wine Corporation. “They have tion is growing geometrically,” the food is served.” more disposable income and Rhodes says. they’re willing to spend a little Raccah says that the Ismore for a good wine. They’re Israeli wines: the raeli market is still somewhat not willing to settle.” ‘hottest trend’ bifurcated between the reliIn addition to kosher wine When they’re combing gious Jews “who just want to industry giants such as Carthe supermarket shelves this make Kiddush (the blessing on mel from Israel, Baron Herzog time of year, consumers reach wine for Shabbat and holiday from California and Bartenura for wines from Israel, which meals)” and the more yupfrom Italy, smaller European exports some 1.5 million bottles pified Tel Aviv market “that boutique wineries are securing to the U.S. annually. demands excellent boutique kosher certification for a seg“Not only is Israel the place wines whether for home or to ment of their wines. that the story of Passover is order in restaurants.” “They like that there’s a about — wine is mentioned But Rhodes says he is opready market for better kosher over 70 times in the Torah timistic that the two market wine today,” — but buying sectors can coexist, “since Israel Buchsbaum says. 40 percent of Israeli is a chance is increasingly able to produce “They know to support Israel wines that are religiousall kosher wine and Israelis,” says kosher that the moment ly proper while still pleasing a is sold in the the grapes are Rhodes, who adds more refined palate.” crushed, the wine months leading that vineyards are “You don’t have to comprohas already been an efficient way mise anymore,” Buchsbaum up to Passover. to use the Jewish adds. “You can buy kosher, bought.” The demand state’s land since support Israel and still enjoy for kosher wine makes a steep grapes are both a low-water wonderful wines.” climb around the time of and high-profit crop. What may be the ultimate Passover, the widely celebrated “You can get upscale French affirmation for the growing Jewish holiday that often atand Italian kosher wines along field of top-flight kosher wine tracts a mix of family members with California ones, but the is the following sentiment that and friends with varying needs hottest trend is the Israeli Buchsbaum says he has heard at the same Seder table. In wines,” says Royal Wine’s Buhundreds of times from consuch scenarios, even those who chsbaum. sumers: “I’m not really kosher, don’t keep kosher laws might According to Rhodes, Isbut I had to bring something purchase kosher wines. “It’s rael’s expanding high-quality nice to a Seder once and I’ve safer that way,” says Buchswine market took off in 1983, been drinking that wine ever baum. when Golan Heights Winery since.” It’s no wonder, then, that 40 (under its Yarden label) opened “Look at it this way,” Buchspercent of all kosher wine is its doors. These days, Israeli baum says. “The largest-selling sold in the months leading up wines are bringing home prizes Moscato (an Italian sparkling to Passover. from international competiwine) in the world is a kosher “If you estimate that a tions. “And 2016 was a very wine by Bartenura that sells Seder has 18 adults who each good year for Israeli wine,” 5 million bottles annually. drink four cups, that adds up. notes Rhodes. Eran Pick of Most of those customers aren’t There’s a lot of wine coming Tzora Winery was recently even Jewish. They just like the in the door,” says Israeli wine named Israel’s first-ever acwine.”

Selecting kosher-for-Passover wines Ahead of Passover, industry experts Jay Buchsbaum, Arlene Mathes-Scharf, David Raccah and David Rhodes convey the following advice to kosher wine consumers: • Take it from the pros. Try to buy from a wine store that specializes in customer care, with a wide selection of kosher wines and knowledgeable staffers. • Check your labels. Although most kosher wines are marked KP (kosher for Passover), there is the occasional kosher wine that isn’t approved for the holiday, including some fruity sangrias. • Don’t break the bank. You can get some very good wines in the $15-$20 range. Spending any more than that doesn’t guarantee that you’re getting a vastly superior wine. • Be ready for special situations. Prepare for guests who have sulfate allergies (symptoms like headaches can surface as additional cups are consumed at the Seder). Have at least one bottle of kosher-for-Passover organic sulfate-free juice or wine on hand, just in case. — Deborah Fineblum,

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Potato and Carrot Gratin pareve Passover recipe By Samantha Mattox, JTA With Passover comes lots of cleaning, matzah eating, and potato peeling. Potatoes get a bad rap during Passover because they’re one of the seemingly few things we can eat. But I say don’t fight the potatoes. Embrace them! They’re cheap, they’re easy, everybody likes them, and they really are delicious. This Potato and Carrot Gratin recipe is the perfect pareve side dish for your Passover Seder. It’s got tender potatoes and carrots surrounded by a luscious, creamy sauce that you won’t be able to get enough of. Top it off with just the right amount of crunchy, salty potato chips and you’ve got yourself some heavenly potatoes. Besides being a total crowd pleaser that your family and guests will love, it also looks quite stunning with the nice layers of potatoes and carrots. If you make a Potato and Carrot Gratin, your family will definitely not complain about another potato dish. I promise. Quick tip: While completely worth it, you will spend some time peeling and cutting the

Potato and Carrot Gratin

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1/4 tsp. salt (plus more) Black pepper Paprika 3/4 cup crushed potato chips Fresh dill (optional) Preheat oven to 350 degrees. Heat olive oil in a medium saucepan over medium heat. Add diced onion and sauté until onions are soft and transparent, around eight to nine minutes. Clear a small hole in the center of the pan and add the minced garlic. Cook garlic in the center until fragrant, stirring constantly to avoid burning (about 30 to 60 seconds). Add potato starch to onions and mix well. Add mayonnaise, water, soup powder, and salt, and cook for two to three minutes until thickened, stirring constantly. Remove from flame and set aside. Peel and slice potatoes and carrots into quarter-inch thick slices. To assemble: Pour a thin layer of sauce into an 8-by-8 baking dish, covering the bottom of the dish. Place a layer of overlapping potato slices in pan, then sprinkle with a layer of carrots. Top with a layer of sauce. Sprinkle with salt, pepper, and paprika. Repeat twice for a total of 3 layers of potatoes, carrots, sauce, and spices. Bake uncovered for one hour at 350 degrees. Remove from oven, add crushed potato chips, and bake for 30 minutes, or until potatoes and carrots are fork tender. Garnish with fresh dill if desired. Samantha Mattox is the recipe developer and food lover behind Pass the Challah, a food blog full of crowd-pleasing kosher recipes.


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The Dayton Jewish Observer wishes you and your family a happy Passover PAGE 36

Company. He enlisted in the United States Army Air Corps and served for 32 years, retiring in 1973 as a full colonel. He was instrumental in the development of jet engines for United States military aircraft. He was the first test engineer of jet-propelled aircraft in the United States. Early in 1946 he received recognition for his work for the engineering associated with the execution of the first coast-to-coast jet speed record made by the P -80 Aircraft. In April and May of 1946, he served as project leader of test flights made in a captured German Messerschmidt ME-163B jetpropelled fighter. A lieutenant colonel by 1951, he was in charge of aircraft and missiles at the Air Technical Intelligence Center in 1951. The center’s responsibility included the investigation of UFO reports. He also was involved in investigating UFO sightings in 1951. In September of that year, he took steps that led to the initiation of Project Blue Book, which would be the lead agency in UFO investigation for the next 18 years. Mr. Rosengarten spent most of his career based in Ohio. He married on April 21, 1955, and with his wife, Irma, raised two sons, Robert Rosengarten and David Rosengarten. They were members of Temple Beth Or Nathan Robert “Rosie” and Beth Abraham Synagogue. Rosengarten, age 101 of Mr. Rosengarten is preceded in Centerville, formerly of death by his wife of 52 years, Bellbrook, passed away Irma; parents Fannie and peacefully on March 15 at Robert Rosengarten; sisters his home at Otterbein Senior Lillian (Ellis) Goodman, Laura Campus in Centerville. Mr. Rosengarten; and nephew Rosengarten was born Sept. 2, Robert Rosen. He is survived 1915 in Philadelphia, the son by his sister Rosalie (Alvin) of Fannie (Schnideman) and Robert Nathan Rosengarten. He Rosen; two sons, Robert (Cathy) Rosengarten and David graduated from Camden High School (New Jersey) in 1934. He (Rebecca) Rosengarten; four received an engineering degree grandchildren, Amy (Greg) Shumway, Elise Rosengarten, from Drexel University in Cade Rosengarten and Philadelphia in 1939. While at Drexel, he had a co-op job with Reghan Rosengarten; two great-grandchildren, Blake the Lycoming Manufacturing Robert Sutton and Gracie Company. It was here that he Marie Rosengarten; nephew became interested in aircraft engines. After graduating from Colman (Robin) Rosen and children; niece Jean (Robert, Drexel, he went to work for deceased) Rosen and children. the Pratt & Whitney Aircraft Betty Jean Goldberger (Knofsky), age 96, a Phi Beta Kappa graduate, social worker, animal lover, and beloved wife, mother, grandmother, and great-grandmother, died March 2 in Kettering. Mrs. Goldberger passed away peacefully with her family by her side. Mrs. Goldberger graduated with a degree in social work from the Woman’s College of the University of North Carolina. She put her degree to work with the Red Cross, where she met her lifelong love, Melvin Tobias Goldberger. They married on June 4, 1944 in Asheville, N.C. The couple settled and raised three daughters in Knoxville, Tenn., and later moved to Boca Raton, Fla. Together they were philanthropists, dedicated community members, world travelers, and fulfilled her passion for culture and art. Mrs. Goldberger’s constant love of and devotion to her family will leave a lasting and memorable legacy. She was preceded in death by her beloved husband, Melvin. Mrs. Goldberger is survived by her daughters, Dee, Susan, and Margy and their husbands; five grandchildren; two step-grandchildren; and 13 great-grandchildren. Please consider a donation to the Red Cross in her memory.

Budget Continued from Page 15 Democrats on the House Foreign Affairs Committee, led by Rep. Eliot Engel, D-N.Y., wrote a letter to House Speaker Rep. Paul Ryan, R-Wis., urging him to reject the cuts. “We cede the role as the world’s champion of democ-

racy, freedom and justice. And what happens then?” Engel said at a news conference about the letter. “Who steps into the void? Probably a country that doesn’t share our values or priorities. Think Russia or some other country like that.” Robert Bank, the CEO of American Jewish World Service, a human rights and antipoverty advocate, called on the

Mr. Rosengarten was a proud American who dedicated his life to serving his country and taking care of his family. He was so loved and will be missed. The Rosengarten family would like to give special thanks to all of the amazing, kind, loving caregivers, nurses, nurses aides and rehab therapists who loved “Rosie” and helped him/us over the past few years. Memorial contributions may be made to the charity of your choice. Shirley Schorr, age 89, of Highland Park, Ill., formerly of Dayton, passed away March 12. Mrs. Schorr was born in Cincinnati on April 27, 1927 to the late Rose (Fenster) Feldman and Sol Schultz. She was a longtime member of Beth Abraham Synagogue. Mrs. Schorr was preceded in death by her beloved husband, Marvin, in 1994. She is survived by her daughter and son-inlaw, Pam and Jay Ellison of Highland Park, Ill.; daughter, Judy Stoddard and her fiancé Richard Kaplan of Houston, Texas; grandchildren, Sara (Ari) Scharg, Samantha Ellison and her fiancé Matthew Savin, Brandon Stoddard, Katy (Ross) Morgan; great-grandchildren, Ella and Ethan Scharg; many other relatives and friends. Interment was at Beth Abraham Cemetery. If desired, memorial contributions may be made to Alzheimer’s Association in Mrs. Schorr’s memory. Dennis J. Zappin age 70 of Dayton, passed away Feb. 24. He was preceded in death by his father, Raymond “Pope” Zappin. Mr. Zappin is survived by his mother, Hannah “Sugar”; two daughters, Hilary and Kathryn; grandchildren, Ethan, Elijah and Addison; his ex-wife and high school sweetheart, Betty; brother, Richard and sister, Joanne. Mr. Zappin lived a life rich in experience and love, and he faced death with courage, humor and grace. He will be profoundly missed by many. Interment was at Dayton National Cemetery. organized Jewish community to rally against the cuts. “We call on members of the U.S. Congress to oppose this budget, and we call on American Jews and all Americans who are guided by the value of upholding the dignity of every person to oppose President Trump’s proposed radical cuts to the budget,” Bank said in a statement.



Letting go Back to Basics series

Esther let go of fear for herself in order to save others. Letting go was difficult but necessary to accomplish what was right and just. Cautionary tales about not letting go also appear in the Bible. Lot’s wife couldn’t let go of life as she knew it, ending up preserved as salt. The Israelites under the Judges didn’t let go of idol worship pagan practices, bringing Candace R. and about destruction and ruin. Kwiatek Haman refused to let go of his sense of self-importance and his hatred At 92, he replaced his aging of a people car, insisting that once his bro“whose customs ken leg healed he’d be back to are different driving on his own. Instead, during the year that from those of all other people,” followed, he learned to accept ultimately selfincreasing assistance at home from family members and pro- destructing and becoming the archetype of the fessionals. antisemitic villain. While Dad never fully conParticularly relevant to the ceded to the limitations of old Passover season, Pharaoh’s age, early in March he did “go unwillingness to let go of his gentle into that good night.” omnipotence and his enslaved The Bible is filled with labor force ultimately led to the stories of letting go. At God’s loss of both. command, Abraham let go of As for the Israelite slaves, everything familiar: his country, commentators note that 80 his birthplace, and his father’s house — essentially everything percent refused to let go of the familiarity and security of he knew and by which he was Egypt, where they perished. known. Those adults who were The choice to follow her liberated during the Exodus, mother-in-law Naomi meant however, couldn’t let go of their that Ruth, too, had to let go of life as she’d known it. By letting romanticized view of Egyptian life, dooming themselves to die go, they changed the world. Joseph let go of his animosity in the wilderness. Like our biblical ancestors, toward his brothers in order to each of us will find countless reunite his family in Egypt. opportunities for letting go. Moses let go of a peaceful Some Jewish rituals have and familiar life to lead the created a sacred art out of letIsraelites out of Egypt. Fiercely independent, Dad was not one to let go easily. In his 80s, he was making three meals each day, caring for his own yard, and maintaining his own house. When he broke his leg at 91, he learned to use a walker and a stairlift chair and continued to live on his own.

ting go. Parents let go of moral responsibility for their children in the traditional B’nai Mitzvah blessing. The mikvah (ritual bath) marks the letting go of a former religious identity or of the monthly separation between husband and wife during childbearing years. Mourning practices of eulogy, shiva, and shloshim dignify the gradual letting go of a loved one. However, most decisions about letting go aren’t guided by ritual. Jewish wisdom provides insight. “The Talmud sums up the Jewish perspective on child-rearing in a single sentence,” psychologist and author Wendy Mogel writes. “‘A father is obligated to teach his son how to swim.’ Our job is to raise our children to leave us. The children’s job is to find their own path in life.” Let go of the current helicopter and teacup approaches to parenting, the sages would argue; they create fearful, fragile, and under-functioning children and adults. Wise parenting is a constant, gradual process of letting go

Knowing when to let go in the face of life’s challenges is complicated.

while teaching children the skills to overcome disappointments, make independent decisions, solve problems, manage risks, and accept consequences — in other words, how to swim. “This is the only way children will mature into resilient, selfreliant adults,” Mogel concludes. Knowing when to let go in the face of life’s varied challenges is complicated. A friend disappoints. A store refuses a return. A speaker arrives unprepared. A job doesn’t live up to its promises. A diet fails. A teen needs drug rehab. A partner sues for divorce. A child dies. Often adding to the complexity are the emotional benefits of not letting go (my anger is justified), fixation on how things should be (I was next in line for promotion), or the conviction that some wounds are irreparable (I’ll never trust again).

Despite the complexities, Jewish values can always be counted on to inspire a solution. There is no universal roadmap for letting go, but Jewish ritual, wisdom, and values can provide direction. The Torah offers three additional principles about letting go. From the story of Cain we learn to balance emotion with reality in order to gain perspective. From Leah’s son, whom she named Yehudah (I am grateful) despite great disappointment in her marriage, we learn to focus on what we have rather than what we lack. And from Sinai we learn that letting go must reflect ethics and morality, contributing to the greatest long-term good both for oneself and for others. Letting go is part of being human; letting go well is part of being a mensch, a humane person.

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Literature to share Fascinating: The Life of Leonard Nimoy by Richard Michelson. Star Trek Enterprise’s beloved Spock comes to life for youngsters in this highly-acclaimed illustrated biography. The son of Yiddish-speaking immigrants, Nimoy lived the American dream of reaching the stars through dedication and hard work while remaining committed to Jewish values. An excellent selection for upper elementary and middle school. The Two Family House by Lynda Loigman. Inspired by stories of her mother’s childhood in postwar Brooklyn, Loigman has written a powerful multi-generational saga of memorable characters, difficult choices, consequential secrets, and the lies keeping them hidden. Highly recommended.

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New kids’ books for Passover By Penny Schwartz, JTA

Jews on the Chocolate Trail with Rabbi Deborah R. Prinz

Thursday, April 20 at 7:30pm Join us as we explore the surprising Jewish connections to chocolate in this historical and gastronomic adventure. An evening of fun & chocolate followed by a reception and book signing.


Passover Second Seder Tuesday, April 11 at 6:00pm Rabbi Bodney-Halasz leads this annual seder complete with food, wine, songs, and more. $30/adult, $15/child ages 4-10; RSVP by March 31

Temple Israel • • 937.496.0050 130 Riverside Drive, Dayton, OH 45405

A Reform Synagogue open to all who are interested in Judaism. Childcare provided during Friday services and Sunday school. PAGE 38

The (unofficial) Hogwarts Haggadah By Moshe Rosenberg; designed by Aviva Shur. All ages; $27.95 Fans of Harry Potter will be in Hogwarts heaven this Passover. Moshe Rosenberg's Haggadah draws on the parallels between the wizardry of the bestselling Harry Potter books and the Seder guide. “From the concepts of slavery and freedom, to the focus on education, to the number four, Harry Potter and Passover share almost everything,” Rosenberg writes in the introduction. He assures readers that every word of traditional Haggadah text, in Hebrew and in English translation, is included. Interspersed throughout is commentary via the lens of J.K. Rowling's characters that takes on questions of freedom, evil and the Four Children. There’s even a Harry Potterthemed version of the popular Seder song Chad Gadya. The Family (and Frog!) Haggadah By Rabbi Ron Isaacs and Karen Rostoker-Gruber; illustrations by Jackie Urbanovic. Behrman House; all ages; $7.95 A wisecracking frog takes center stage in this kid-friendly Haggadah that is a complete guide to a fun-filled, informative, abbreviated Seder that's designed to be 30 minutes to an hour. The lively Haggadah, filled with photographs and illustrations, guides families through the mainstays of the Seder. An entertaining cartoon frog appears throughout, with jokes and funny comments that are sure to bring giggles and keep kids engaged. Passover Scavenger Hunt By Shanna Silva, illustrated by Miki Sakamoto, Kar-Ben; ages 4-9; $17.99 hardcover, $7.99 paperback Every year at the Seder, Rachel's Uncle Harry hides the afikomen. The kids have fun hunting for the special piece of matzah and get a prize for finding it. But there's one problem: Uncle Harry always makes it too easy. In Shanna Silva's lively story, Rachel takes over the job. She grabs her markers, scissors and a big piece of cardboard and creates a clever scavenger hunt with six rhyming clues to stump her cousins. Each clue reveals something related to the Seder, from the charoset to the shank bone. In the end, the kids are left with a puzzle to solve that will lead them to Rachel's perfect afikomen hiding place. Miki Sakamoto's illustrations are bright and colorful and capture the fun as kids move picture frames, race around the

house and crawl around closets looking for clues. A Different Kind of Passover Linda Leopold-Strauss, illustrated by Jeremy Tugeau. Kar-Ben; ages 4-9; $17.99, hardcover, $7.99 paperback On the way to her grandparents' house for the Seder, a young girl named Jessica is busy practicing The Four Questions in Hebrew. Jessica loves spending Passover with her grandparents, where everything is the same year after year — running up the stairs at their apartment, finding piles of blankets and pillows for the sleepover with her cousins, and enjoying the good smells emanating from the kitchen. But this year will be different because her grandfather just got home from the hospital and is too weak to come to the Seder table. In this heartwarming intergenerational story, Jessica comes up with a plan for how Grandpa can still lead the Seder, continuing the family tradition. Jeremy Tugeau's large, expressive illustrations capture Jessica's emotions of joy, disappointment and love that she shares with her grandfather. The Passover Cowboy Barbara Diamond Goldin, illustrated by Gina Capaldi. Apples and Honey Press; ages 4-8; $17.95 From the acclaimed Jewish children's book writer Barbara Diamond Goldin (The Best Hanukkah Ever, Journeys With Elijah) comes an unlikely Passover story set in the Argentine countryside in the late 1800s. Jacob is a young Jewish boy whose Russian family immigrated to Argentina, but he doesn't quite fit in. He makes a new friend, Benito, who helps him learn to ride horseback. Jacob works up the courage to invite his nonJewish pal to his family’s Seder, but Benito says he has farm chores to do. Benito ends up coming after all, at just the right moment: when Jacob opens the door to welcome Elijah, just as a flock of chickens arrive, too. As the family welcomes its new friend, they learn from each other about the meaning of freedom — and Jacob’s mother and Benito also surprise him with a lasso and clothing he needs for an upcoming rodeo. Artist Gina Capaldi puts readers right in the action; kids will feel as if they are riding along on horseback with Jacob and Benito, and they'll feel part of the family's Seder. An author's note explains that in the 1880s, Jewish immigrants from Eastern Europe arrived in Argentina. Goldin also poses a timely discussion question that asks families to imagine what it would be like to move to a new country. THE DAYTON JEWISH OBSERVER • APRIL 2017

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Kroger is pleased to help you and your family enjoy the tastes and traditions of Passover. With a complete selection of Kosher foods, you can stock up on all your favorites for less.

Come in and check out our wide selection of Kosher meats.

It’s important to you. It’s important to us.

We invite you to stop by our Blue Ash Kroger Store and meet our Mashgiach, Elizar. He and his staff are happy to assist you, providing the special attention and service you and your holiday events deserve!

A large selection of Kosher items are available to serve your needs at the following Kroger locations:

Blue Ash Kosher Service Hours:

Blue Ash Kroger

(Full Service Kosher Department) 4100 Hunt Road • Cincinnati, OH 45242


Centerville Kroger

1023 S. Main Street • Centerville, OH 45459

Stroop Road fresh fare by Kroger

530 E. Stroop Road • Kettering, OH 45249

Harper’s Point Kroger 11390 Montgomery Road • Cincinnati, OH 45249



FRIDAY 9am-4pm; SATURDAY CLOSED Fresh Packaged Meats Available 24 Hours Daily

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The Dayton Jewish Observer, April 2017  

Dayton, Ohio's Jewish Monthly

The Dayton Jewish Observer, April 2017  

Dayton, Ohio's Jewish Monthly