The Dayton Jewish Observer, April 2016

Page 1

Paula Shoyer’s menu to enliven Seder, maintain tradition p. 29 April 2016 Adar II/Nisan 5776 Vol. 20, No. 8

Published by the Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton

The Miami Valley’s Jewish Monthly • Online at Marvin Steindler Photography

Living & giving Jewishly



Fractured society: Pew’s study of Israel



Haredi youths, Jerusalem

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Randi Zuckerberg

JCC Film Fest April 5-19


Music Box Films

Ronit Elkabetz in Gett: The Trial of Viviane Amsalem

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Happy Passover

From the residents & staff of Friendship Village

Annual Health Fair Free Health Screenings


Beth Abraham to honor Women of Valor May 4

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937-837-5581 Ext 1269 5790 Denlinger Road, Dayton, OH 45426 • PAGE 2

Myrna Nelson

Jane P. Novick

Women of Wall exec. dir. to parse Knesset’s Western Wall compromise

Please enter at Door 1, Main Entrance

- No Shabbat Dinner in April -

Joan Marcus

Beth Abraham Synagogue will honor seven women for their efforts on behalf of the Jewish and general communities when it holds its seventh Women of Valor luncheon, on Wednesday, May 4 at 11:30 a.m. This year’s Women of Valor honorees are Marcia Kress, Beverly A. Louis, Joan Marcus, Myrna Nelson, Jane P. Novick, Wendi Pavlofsky, and Hyla N. Weiskind. Wendy Hyla N. The luncheon will also honor the memory of Pavlofsky Weiskind Helen Abramovitz. In her memory, attendees are asked to bring women’s magazines and new board games for donation to Oak Tree Corner, a Dayton non-profit that provides comfort and support to grieving children and their families; Abramovitz volunteered much of her time with Oak Tree Corner. The luncheon, a fund-raiser for the Beth Abraham Synagogue Sisterhood, is open to the community. For reservations, call 293-9520 by April 22.

Wednesday, April 13, 10 a.m. - 1 p.m.

Tuesday, April 14, 10:30 a.m. & 6 p.m. (2nd Tuesday each mo.) with Gem City Home Care Certified Diabetes Educator Mara Lamb. For more information call Pam Hall, 837-5581 ext. 1269.

Beverly A. Louis

Lesley Sachs

Temple Israel will host Women of the Wall Executive Director Lesley Sachs on Wednesday, April 13 at 7 p.m., who will present the talk Was It A Win? Implications of the Knesset Decision. Sachs will offer her analysis and opinions about the Israeli government’s January decision to expand the non-Orthodox Jewish prayer section at the Western Wall. For decades, Women of the Wall has fought against Israel’s haredi religious establishment to gain egalitarian worship at the Wall. The program is free and open to the public. For more information, call the temple at 496-0050.

OSU MeshugaNotes at Hadassah The MeshugaNotes, OSU’s a cappella Jewish choir, will headline the Dayton Chapter of Hadassah’s Nosh and Silent Auction on Sunday, April 3 from 2 to 4 p.m. at the Boonshoft Center for Jewish Culture and Education, 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville. Since 1999, the MeshugaNotes have been a student-run organization affiliated with OSU Hillel. Their repertoire includes Israeli folk and popular songs, Yiddish tunes, OSU spirit songs, and contemporary pop songs. Current and past MeshugaNotes singers score all of their vocal arrangements. Silent auction items will include local artists’ challah and matzah covers. The cost is $18 in advance, MeshugaNotes a cappella choir $25 at the door. R.S.V.P. to 275-0227.

IN THIS ISSUE Calendar of Events....................24


Family Education.........................37

Obituaries............................. 35


Re l i g i o n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

Kve l l i n g Co r n e r. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23

W o r l d . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7 THE DAYTON JEWISH OBSERVER • APRIL 2016


Randi Zuckerberg to open Campaign May 15 “We didn’t have that much money, so we thought, ‘Let’s go to Israel! For free! How awesome.’” She was equally looseygoosey about her brother’s lifechanging job offer. “I couldn’t envision that life existed outside of Manhattan,” she told a Los Angeles Lion of Judah luncheon of 500 women. “I was not about to move to a suburb in California to work on my brother’s stupid little project.” Confident in the spotlight and a natural on stage, Zuckerberg worked wonders on this crowd, most of whom were Randi Zuckerberg pleasantly surprised over her “I really did experience the sense of humor. American Dream — in the “I would like to point out cheesiest, cheesiest way,” Zuck- that I actually graduated from erberg told me in an interview. Harvard, unlike another memThe outspoken, ber of my immediate animated 34-year-old family,” she quipped. will be the keynote And she won over speaker for the even more fans with Jewish Federation her singing voice, of Greater Dayton’s concluding her Presidents Dinner appearance with a Annual Campaign rendition of Debbie kickoff on May 15. Friedman’s L’Chi She’ll talk about the Lach (Go Forth). power of living and Zuckerberg’s giving Jewishly. entertaining exuberA dozen years ago, she was ance has sometimes done her “a poor, entry-level” working a disservice. Early on at Facegirl barely in touch with her book, she ran into trouble when roots, who jumped at the chance a few videos showcasing her to go on a Birthright Israel trip inner actress (in one, she wore a with her then-boyfriend (now pink feather boa over a bathing husband) because it was free. suit and lip-synched Chapel of Love) went viral on the Internet Randi Zuckerberg is the keynote speaker for the Jewish Federation and embarrassed the company. Presidents Dinner Annual Campaign kickoff at 5 p.m. on Sunday, The press piled on, encouragMay 15, at the Boonshoft Center for Jewish Culture and Education, ing an image of Zuckerberg as 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville. The cost is $75 per person, with brassy and out of touch. additional giving levels available. R.S.V.P. to Alisa Thomas, 610-1555. Since then, she has become

By Danielle Berrin Jewish Journal of Greater Los Angeles Two years after graduating from Harvard, Randi Zuckerberg received a job offer from her brother Mark — the founder of Facebook — to head up his company’s marketing. Today, she is an Internet entrepreneur, the founder of Zuckerberg Media, the author of the New York Times Bestseller Dot Complicated, and a related lifestyle Web site, as well as a wife, mother of two, and multimillionaire. She never saw it coming. Back in 2005, according to Zuckerberg family myth, younger brother Mark was concerned that his sister — then a Fox News show production assistant — was heading toward a dead end, and decided to fly her from New York to Silicon Valley to visit Facebook’s offices. By the end of the trip, he made her an offer: Sloppily scrawled on a single sheet of paper, he wrote two numbers, a salary and a number of stock options. With stunning bravado, his sister — the oldest of four — crossed out the stock options and doubled her salary. Mark kindly insisted on his original offer. The rest is family, Facebook and, arguably, national history.

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much more conscientious about her public image — and her politics. Several years ago, when she attended the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland as a correspondent for Facebook, Israeli President Shimon Peres invited her to sing at Israel’s official Shabbat dinner. After performing Yerushalayim Shel Zahav (Jerusalem of Gold) before a room full of international dignitaries — “everyone from your dreams,” she recalled giddily, including Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Nobel Prize winner Elie Wiesel — Zuckerberg realized that “I had just taken a very public stand for Israel and for the Jewish community.” A backlash ensued. Some

critiques were so withering, Zuckerberg decided to “decline the honor” when Peres invited her to repeat her performance the following year. In a world in which you are what you post, and Google can aggregate your hits and misses on a single page, Zuckerberg concluded, “You only get one identity.” Yet, just within the last several years, Zuckerberg has undergone two transformations that have altered her public persona: She quit her job at Facebook and became a mom. The Reform-raised Zuckerberg said having children changed her relationship to Judaism and Israel. When she married her husband, who grew up Conservadox in South Africa, they tacitly Continued on Page Five

From the editor’s desk

With this issue of The Observer, it’s time for a Sgt. Pepper moment. It was 20 years ago...well, almost today, when our 1996 April Passover issue — the debut of this publication — went to Marshall press. It’s not possible to thank Weiss all who have helped strengthen and sustain The Observer over two decades; Heaven forbid I try, and leave anyone out! All I can say is I feel blessed to continue in my dream job for so long in the Miami Valley. This community has been so good to me and my family. Jewish media outlets with a commitment to journalism have been rare for much longer than I’ve been in this field, and become more scarce with each passing year. It’s to the credit of our Jewish Federation, which owns The Observer, for championing our role in the Jewish and general community: to provide the news, analyses and perspectives we need to empower us to repair a broken world. Thanks for reading.




Scout Shabbat April 15

Was it a ‘win’? Implications of the Knesset Decision

The Dayton Jewish Committee on Scouting will host its Annual Scout Shabbat at 7:30 p.m. on Friday, April 15 at Temple Israel, with Rabbi Karen Bodney-Halasz officiating. Cub Scouts, Boy Scouts, Venturers, Girl Scouts of all levels, and adult scouting leaders of all faiths are invited to attend the service; Jewish scouts and leaders are encouraged to participate in the service. Scouts are asked to wear their uniforms, and each scout in at2016 Scout Shabbat patch tendance will receive for the Dayton area a Scout Shabbat patch. The service will be followed by a light Oneg. To volunteer to participate in the service, contact Scott Segalewitz at or 885-6868. For more information about the religious emblem programs for Jewish scouts, or about Jewish scouting in the Miami Valley, contact Segalewitz (Cub Scouts/Boy Scouts/Venturers), or Sarah Kelly (Girl Scouts) at

Teachers’ conference about Holocaust

Wednesday, April 13 at 7pm WOMEN OF THE WALL Lesley Sachs, Executive Director Ms. Sachs will present thoughts and opinions about the recent Knesset decision to establish an egalitarian and

The Holocaust Remembrance and Education Committee at Sinclair Community College invites educators, students and education majors to participate in its teachers’ conference, Genocide and the Second Generation, at 4 p.m. on Wednesday, April 20. A panel of second-generation survivors, moderated by Renate Frydman, director of the Dayton Holocaust Resource Center, will discuss the intergenerational transmission of trauma, which is now the subject of considerable psychological and sociological research. Children of Holocaust survivors will help teachers understand trauma their students might experience. For more information or to register for the free conference, contact or go to daytonholocaust. org by April 11.

Is your son or daughter graduating from high school this year?

What was gained through this momentous decision and what was conceded? Where do we go from here?

Temple Israel • • 937.496.0050 130 Riverside Drive, Dayton, OH 45405 A Reform Synagogue open to all who are interested in Judaism. Childcare provided during Friday services and Sunday school. PAGE 4

Contributors Rabbi Judy Chessin Dr. Rachel Zohar Dulin Rachel Haug Gilbert Marc Katz Candace R. Kwiatek Mark Mietkiewicz Advertising Sales Executives Patty Caruso, Lori Cohen, Proofreaders Karen Bressler, Rachel Haug Gilbert, Joan Knoll, Pamela Schwartz Billing Jeri Kay Eldeen, 937-853-0372 Observer Advisor Martin Gottlieb Published by the Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton Judy Abromowitz President David Pierce President Elect Melinda Doner Vice Pres. Mary Rita Weissman Vice Pres. Bruce Feldman Vice Pres. Cathy Gardner CEO The Dayton Jewish Observer, Vol. 20, No. 8. The Dayton Jewish Observer is published monthly by the Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton, a nonprofit corporation, 525 Versailles Dr., Dayton, OH 45459. Views expressed by guest columnists, in readers’ letters and in reprinted opinion pieces do not necessarily reflect the opinion of The Dayton Jewish Observer, The Dayton Jewish Observer Policy Committee, the Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton or the underwriters of any columns. Acceptance of advertising neither endorses advertisers nor guarantees kashrut. The Dayton Jewish Observer Mission Statement To support, strengthen and champion the Dayton Jewish community by providing a forum and resource for Jewish community interests. Goals • To encourage affiliation, involvement and communication. • To provide announcements, news, opinions and analysis of local, national and international activities and issues affecting Jews and the Jewish community. • To build community across institutional, organizational and denominational lines.

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The Observer is happy to offer you a FREE announcement, including a photo, in our June graduation issue.

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Continued from Page Three agreed to practice “his and hers Judaism,” which translated to: “I’ll sneak some shrimp when we go out, and we won’t talk about it.” But that doesn’t work when you have children, she admitted. “We needed a shared value system” — and, as they had both happily shared Birthright, Israel seemed like a good place to start. Three years ago, Zuckerberg invited 16 Silicon Valley CEOs to accompany her on a hightech tour of their counterparts in Tel Aviv. “After that, I became a Super Jew,” she said. Zuckerberg is also beginning to think strategically about her giving. Until recently, she admits, she was thoughtlessly plunking down money for tables at charity dinners without any sense of purpose. “I realized, ‘Wow! I’m being very charitable across a lot of things, but I have no mission.’” She started a donor-advised fund with The Jewish Community Federation of San Francisco and explained that, for now, all her giving is focused on the Jewish community and Israel. The Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton’s Annual Campaign helps meet the needs of Jews in Dayton, Israel, and worldwide; Presidents Dinner attendees will be asked to make their pledges to the Federation’s 2016 Annual Campaign. These days, Zuckerberg also hosts Dot Complicated on SiriusXM, and the children’s version of the Dot Complicated book, DOT, has been optioned by the Jim Henson company for production on CBC and Sprout Networks. For a month in 2014, she even performed in the ‘80s “jukebox” musical Rock of Ages on Broadway, which led her and her family to move back to New York. She’s also a mentor on Oxygen’s new show, Quit Your Day Job, with a premiere date set for March 30. “I had an incredible time working at Facebook,” she said. “But I definitely felt like I was living inside a really big shadow. And the only way I was going to stand a fighting chance of making my own name in the world was to tear the Band-Aid off. I think I’m still on a bit of a journey discovering who I am — and that’s the fun of life.”



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So, what do you think? Send your letters (350 words max., thanks) to The Dayton Jewish Observer 525 Versailles Drive, Dayton, OH 45459 •



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Oberlin trustees want investigation into prof’s ‘antisemitic & abhorrent’ posts Karega removed most of her JTA — Oberlin College’s Facebook posts after The Tower board of trustees is calling for article appeared, but she has the school administration to not apologized for or distanced launch an investigation into herself from any posts, which what it called a faculty memincluded one claiming Israel’s ber’s “antisemitic and abhorMossad perpetrated the Charlie rent” posts on social media. Hebdo terrorist attacks in Paris. In a statement issued March Over the weekend 5 on behalf of the of March 4-6, many board, its chair, students received an Clyde McGregor, unsigned email that said the trustees at said, according to a their quarterly meetdocument obtained ing the previous day by JTA: “Good Work had discussed the to Oberlin College, “repugnant” posts to Professor Joy by assistant profesKarega & President sor Joy Karega and Marvin Krislov!! The want to “challenge Oberlin College Asst. state of Israel, Zionthe assertion that ist Jews are pure evil there is any justifica- Prof. Joy Karega They did 9/11” tion” for them. In an email to the entire Meanwhile, officials at student body sent on March 6, the Ohio liberal arts colOberlin’s vice president and lege promptly denounced an anonymous email sent over that dean of students, as well as its speweekend praising the Karega cial assistant to posts and blaming Israel and Jews for the 9/11 terror attacks. the president for equity, diversity The school’s president, Marvin Krislov, has issued two and inclusion, said the email statements in response to the posts first reported in The Tower was “antisemitic and deeply ofon Feb. 25, both defending the fensive” and professor’s right to free speech that its content while clarifying that her views “is so inflammaare not shared by the administory and absurd that we’re not tration. Neither statement congoing to repeat it or address it demned the professor outright directly.” or suggested her job might be The administration email affected. said officials believe the perBy contrast, the trustees’ petrator entered recipients’ statement said, “these grave issues must be considered expe- addresses individually and had not hacked the student email ditiously.”

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The trustees’ statement said, ‘these grave issues must be considered expeditiously.’

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list. Weighing in on March 4 before the anonymous email went out, the Jewish Federation of Cleveland, Cleveland Hillel and Anti-Defamation League’s Cleveland Region issued a joint statement saying they met with Krislov and believe the administration is “taking its role seriously.” “All parties understand and accept that the college is required to follow established academic procedures when addressing questions regarding an individual faculty member,” the statement said. “The Jewish community members present were satisfied that Oberlin College is following those procedures and look forward to learning the outcome of that process.” Karega has issued intermittent statements on Facebook since the media attention about her began. On March 4, she responded to a school newspaper Op-Ed from the college’s Judaic studies director by saying it’s “one of the more well-articulated arguments I’ve read. To be frank, too many of the arguments designed to ‘condemn me’ or ‘call me out’ have been just downright lazy, homogenizing, uncritical, apolitical, and reductionist.” She went on to say that while she would “love to respond directly” to the Op-Ed, which placed many of her claims within the larger history of antisemitic conspiracy theories, she cannot do so because she is not tenured and “the reality is that what I say in that conversation (or what I don’t say) has the potential to inform and shape my future employment here at Oberlin.” On March 5, Karega posted that she would no longer “be making any statement concerning my situation at Oberlin.” Since then, she has continued to post articles on other topics, however, including a column headlined Why We Must Use Apartheid to Describe the Israeli Occupation.



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Ohio introduces anti-BDS bill Schwartz a loss By Kristen Mott Cleveland Jewish News State legislatures across the U.S. are introducing resolutions and bills to condemn the boycott, divestment and sanctions movement. And now, Ohio has followed suit. House Bill 476 was introduced to the Ohio House of Representatives Feb. 24. If passed, the bill would prohibit a state agency from contracting with a company that’s boycotting or disinvesting from Israel. According to the text of the bill: “A state agent may not enter into or renew a contract with a company for the acquisition or provision of supplies, equipment or services, or for construction services, unless the contract declares that the company is not boycotting Israel or disinvesting from Israel, and includes a term obligating the company, for the duration of the contract, not to boycott Israel or disinvest from Israel.” Rep. Kirk Schuring, RCanton, is the primary sponsor of the bill. There are 13 cosponsors, including Speaker of the House Cliff Rosenberger, R-Clarksville. “This is an important bill to show support for our strongest ally in the Middle East,” said Brad Miller, a spokesman for Rosenberger. “Israel is a state that shares our American belief in democracy. This legislation helps demonstrate that support through not doing business with anyone who might try to break the strong bonds that we have.”

“It’s great that Ohio is taking a lead on this,” said Howie Beigelman, executive director of Ohio Jewish Communities. “We’ve been working with Mr. Schuring and the House speaker and the minority leader on this for some time.” Beigelman said at least nine of the sponsors of the bill, including Schuring, went on a mission trip to Israel in August with the Negev Foundation, a Cleveland-based nonprofit that promotes the agricultural development and economic sustainability of the Negev Desert. “The people on the trip got a chance to look at the Ohio-Israel connections and how much business and research and cooperation and partnership and the like are going on between Ohio and Israel, and how much potential there is and how devastating, both from a moral standpoint but also a business standpoint, a BDS movement would be, not only for Israel but for Ohio,” Beigelman said. Miller said he expects the bill to be discussed in committee meetings in early April when the Ohio House is back in session. Ohio is one of more than 20 states in which bills targeting the BDS movement are under consideration or have passed. For now, Beigelman is glad the legislation has been introduced. “It sends a very powerful message to everyone that the state of Ohio will not stand with bigots and that the state of Ohio will not let those they do business with discriminate,” he said.

for Browns, community

By Jonah L. Rosenblum Cleveland Jewish News The Cleveland Jewish community has lost three of its more well-known members in recent months. First, Cleveland Indians President Mark Shapiro opted for a job with the Toronto Blue Jays in August 2015. Then, the Cleveland Cavaliers fired head coach David Blatt Jan. 23. Now, Cleveland Browns right tackle Mitchell Schwartz left for the Kansas City Chiefs March 9. Schwartz was regarded as one of the National Football League’s top right tackles. Pro Football Focus ranked Schwartz an 86.6 out of 100 for 2015, and gave him second-team all-pro honors. “Mitchell is a strong addition to our offensive line,” Chiefs General Manager John Dorsey said on the team’s website. Mitchell’s brother, Geoff, who played guard for the New York Giants last year, is also excited. Geoff and Mitchell are the first Jewish brothers to play in the NFL since Arnold and Ralph Horween in 1923. Cleveland’s Jewish delis should be sad — they just lost a customer. Asked on Twitter which he preferred, Corky & Lenny’s or Jack’s Deli, Mitchell Schwartz responded, “Corky and Lenny’s for me, but either one hits the spot.”

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So, what do you think? Send your letters (350 words max., thanks) to The Dayton Jewish Observer, 525 Versailles Drive Dayton, OH 45459 •

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Special report

Latest Pew study: Israel fractures by faith on politics and society Palestinian women passing an Israeli police checkpoint in Jerusalem, Oct. 8, 2015

Menahem Kahana/AFP/Getty Images

By Lauren Markoe, RNS Israel today grapples with profound existential questions of its national identity, including how Jewish the Jewish state can be. More than three-quarters (76 percent) of Israeli Jews believe their country can be both Jewish and democratic, a view rejected by majorities of Israeli Muslims and Christians, according to a comprehensive new survey released by the Washington-based Pew Research Center on March 8. The report also highlights the precarious relationship between Jews and Arabs in Israel, with nearly half (48 percent) of Jewish Israelis favoring the expulsion or transfer of Arabs from the nation. “The survey finds deep religious divisions in Israeli soci-

more than 5,600 Israeli Jews, ety, not only between Jews and Muslims, Christians and Druze. Arabs, but also among Jews,” Secular Israeli Jews, for said Alan Cooperman, director example, say they are more of religion research at Pew. uncomfortable with the idea of Among the report’s other their child marrying findings: While neara very Orthodox Jew ly all Israeli Jews say than a Christian, the they’re Jewish, half report shows. (49 percent) consider On whether Arabs themselves secular, should be allowed even as they engage to live in the Jewish in some Jewish relistate, Cooperman gious practices. And said Pew asked the one in five Jewish question in general Israelis professes no terms because its rebelief in God. searchers know of no “Mostly what we official Israeli proposfind is a huge gulf Pew Research Center al to expel Arabs. between ultra-OrDir. of Relig. Research At the same time, thodox and secular Alan Cooperman “this is an idea that Jews,” said Neha has been raised and bandied Sahgal, a senior researcher on around for more than a dethe survey, Israel’s Religiously cade,” he said. “All we can say Divided Society, which is based is that the broad idea of transfer on face-to-face interviews of or expulsion has evenly split the Israeli public.” Arabs in Israel are overwhelmingly Muslim, and represent 14 percent of the population. Christian Arabs represent 2 percent. As for Israel’s character, the study found 62 percent of all Israeli Jews believe that democratic principles should outweigh Jewish law (halacha) when the two conflict. But among the haredim in Israel, or the most fervently Orthodox Jews, 89 percent believe that Jewish law should take precedence over democratic principles. The same percentage of secular Jews — or hilonim — say democratic principles South should trump religious law. 40 Southmoor Cir., N.E., When the question of Israel’s Jewish and democratic characDayton 45429 ter is put to non-Jewish Israe299-4132 Continued on Page 10

Wishing you a very Happy Passover.


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Pew study

the release of its Portrait of Jewish Americans, a survey that shocked many with its finding that most American Jews consider their Judaism rooted more in Continued from Page Eight culture and ancestry than religion. lis — who comprise 19 percent of the Taken together, the two Pew reports Jewish state’s population — 63 percent of Muslims and 72 percent of Christians delve deeply into the beliefs of 80 percent of the world’s 14 million Jews, say Israel cannot be both Jewish and and invite comparisons democratic. between its two largest The report also found One of the national communities, some consensus among which are of roughly Jewish Israelis, particuhallmarks of equivalent size. larly on the idea of the “There are deep bonds nation as a sanctuary for the new study Jews. is the breaking between Jews in the two countries,” said CooperNearly all (98 percent) concur that Jews around down of Israeli man. Most Israeli Jews (59 percent), for example, the world have a right to Jews into four say American Jews have a citizenship in Israel. This good influence on the way belief is linked to another subgroups things are going in Israel. shared by more than 9 in Religiously, however, 10 Israeli Jews: that Israel, American and Israeli Jews show a founded in 1948 in the wake of the Holocaust, is necessary to the long-term marked distinction. Orthodox Jews make up about 1 in 5 Israelis, but only 1 survival of the Jewish people. in 10 American Jews. And while Israeli Pew’s study comes three years after Jews are more likely to gravitate toward the extremes — either very or hardly religious — American Jews tend to populate a middle ground, the survey shows. Higher percentages of Israelis say they go to synagogue weekly, light Sabbath candles and keep kosher. “But there’s also a paradox here,” Cooperman said. “In some ways, Israeli Jews are also less observant than American Jews as a whole.” The share of Israeli Jews who say they never go to synagogue is higher, for example, 33 versus 22 percent. And about a third of American Jews (35 percent) say they attend synagogue “a few times a year, such as for High Holidays,” higher than the 14 percent of THE DAYTON JEWISH OBSERVER • APRIL 2016

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Israeli Jews. One of the hallmarks of the new study is the breaking down of Israeli Jews into four subgroups, categorizations that can highlight how religious observance correlates with views on a host of pressing societal questions. (These groupings are not analogous to those that describe the various American Jewish approaches to Judaism.) Between the haredim at one pole (9 percent of Israeli Jews), and the hilonim (49 percent) at the other, the survey uses two other categories. The datim (13 percent) are Orthodox Jews who engage far more than the haredim in Israel’s larger society, and the masortim (29 percent) fall between Orthodoxy and secularism. So on a question about Jewish law and society — for example, should public transportation shut down on Shabbat — responses vary markedly among the four subgroups. While 96 percent of the haredim favor a shutdown, fewer of the other groups agree — 85

Dayton Contemporary Dance Company Presents

Soulstice: Saturday, May 14, 2016 6:00 pm - 11:00 pm America’s Packard Museum, 420 S Ludlow St, Dayton, OH 45402

DCDC dancers will perform with headline blues singer Kathy Wade, Victory James, and others with music provided by Deron Bell.

Join us for our annual fund-raising gala and enjoy fun times, dining, entertainment and auction items.

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kipa or other head covering percent of datim, 44 percent that denotes respect for God. of masortim and 6 percent of • About half of Israel Jews hilonim. are Ashkenazi, with ancestral And as distinct as the roots in Central or Eastern responses are among Israel’s Europe, and half are Sephardi Jews, a starker contrast divides or Mizrahi, with roots in Spain, Jews and Arabs on some of the the Mediterranean and the most fundamental questions of Middle East. Israeli life. • Muslims in Israel are For example: 42 percent of generally more reJewish Israelis ligious than Israeli say the West Bank As distinct as Jews — nearly settlements help the responses 7 in 10 Muslims Israel’s security (68 percent) say and 30 percent say are among religion is very these Jewish com- Israel’s Jews, a important in their munities — illegal starker contrast lives — but less under internareligious than tional law — hurt divides Jews Muslims living in it. But 29 percent many other counof Muslim Israelis and Arabs tries in the region. say they help and The report, funded in part by 61 percent say they hurt. the Neubauer Family FoundaAnd while 21 percent of Israeli Jews say there is “a lot of tion, has a margin of error of plus or minus 3 percent among discrimination against MusIsraeli Jews, plus or minus 6 lims” in Israel, 79 percent of percent among Israeli Muslims, Israeli Arabs hold that view. plus or minus 9 percent among Other findings of the report Israeli Christians, and plus or include: minus 11 percent for Druze in • About one-third of Jewish men in Israel say they wear a Israel.

Active Adults April Events From the BIG SCREEN to the SMALL Dine Around & Movie

Tour of ABC22 WKEF

Thursday, April 14 @ 5PM

Monday, April 18 @ 1PM

Thai 9

1306 Troy Street • Dayton, Ohio 45404 (937) 223-1213 • Expires 12.31.2016. *Some exclusions apply. Not valid on wine, candy, or delivery.

May 7, 2016 | 6 PM - Midnight

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Montgomery County Commissioner Debbie Lieberman


(11 Brown St., 45402)

(2245 Corporate Place, 45342)

Join us at the JCC Film Festival’s Apples from the Desert 7:15PM at The Neon.

Tour limited to 25 participants.

Please RSVP by April 7.

Please RSVP by April 11.

RSVP for both events at or by calling Karen at 610-1555. JEWISH FAMILY SERVICES of GREATER DAYTON

Wishing you and your family a very Happy Passover Committee to Re-elect Debbie Lieberman, Marty Moore, Treasurer, 3630 Berrywood Drive, Dayton, OH 45424




Pew finding on expulsion of Israeli Arabs prompts sharp reactions LESSONS NOT YET LEARNED With Guest Speaker CONRAD WEINER, Holocaust Survivor

S UN DAY, M AY 1 , 4 P M @ T E M PL E I S R A EL 130 Riverside Dr., Dayton

Sponsored by the Yom Hashoah Committee, a joint project of the Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton's Jewish Community Relations Council and the Holocaust Committee »

Are you reading this? So is the entire Jewish community. Contact Patty Caruso at to advertise in The Observer.


By Ben Sales, JTA TEL AVIV — In a survey that spanned politics, religion and interfaith relations, one statistic stood out: nearly half of Israel’s Jews support expelling the country’s Arabs. The Pew Research Center’s study of Israelis’ attitudes, which had its findings released March 8, had asked respondents whether they agreed that “Arabs should be expelled or transferred from Israel.” Forty-eight percent of Israeli Jews agreed, while 46 percent did not. Among self-described right-wing Jews, 72 percent agreed, along with 71 percent of religious Zionists. The figure was inconsistent with the findings of previous studies and provoked strong reactions in a country that sees its Arab minority as proof of its commitment to democratic values and respect for diversity. It has also shined a spotlight on what has been seen previously as a fringe proposal. No party in the Israeli Knesset advocates mass population transfer, and it has never been seriously discussed as a solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. “The idea that the state of Israel could be a democracy only for its Jewish citizens is unconscionable and we must find a way to address this,” Israeli President Reuven Rivlin said at a meeting with officials of the Washington-based Pew center. “I believe that also our democratic values are born out of our Jewish faith, a love for

Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s speech decrying “two nations within Israel” following a January terror attack in Tel Aviv. “I think there’s a feeling of fear here that’s strengthened by the political echelon,” Natour said. “There’s a lack of familiarity of the other side.” Israeli-Arabs protest in Tel Aviv The Pew finding on expulsion against home demolitions, April is significantly higher than other 28, 2015 recent polls that have sought to the stranger and equality before measure Israeli attitudes toward the law.” coexistence. The 2015 Israel Rivlin called on the public to Democracy Index, a survey engage in “soul-searching and published annually by the Israel moral reflection.” Democracy Institute, found 37.5 Alan Cooperman, the study’s percent support for the governlead author, says support for ment merely encouraging Arab expulsion comports with other emigration. data points in the survey. He A 2015 poll by Haifa Univerpointed to survey findings that sity Professor Sammy Smooha nearly four out of five Israeli found that six in 10 Israeli Jews Jews say Israel should give felt “it would be good for Arabs preferential treatment to Jews, and Jews to always live together 60 percent of Israeli Jews believe in Israel.” That survey also God gave the land to them, and found 32 percent of respondents that majorities of religious Zion- in favor of encouraging Arabs ists and haredi Orthodox also to leave Israel in exchange for feel Jewish law should be the compensation. law of the state. Israeli pollsters have laid “You see it really makes blame on the question itself, sense,” he said. “Support is calling it vague and misleadstrongest among (religious ing. Is the question about Israeli Zionists), very high among set- Arabs, West Bank Palestinians tlers.” or both? When would this exAnalysts say Jewish animosi- pulsion occur, and under what ty toward Israeli Arabs has been conditions? Would the Arab exacerbated by the recent wave refugees be compensated? of Palestinian terror attacks and “It was asked in a very a government response that unclear way,” said Tamar some consider inflammatory. Hermann, academic director Rawnak Natour, the co-director of IDI’s Guttman Center for of Sikkuy, a nonprofit that Surveys. “If we didn’t get a works toward Arab-Jewish majority on a more cautious and coexistence, pointed to Prime less aggressive version (of the question), what happened here? I would say take it with a grain of salt.” The statistic is also a sign of polarization in Israeli society, says Steven M. Cohen, a sociology professor at New York’s Hebrew Union CollegeJewish Institute of Religion who consulted on the Pew study. Regardless of the exact level of support, he called the figure a “warning sign” for Israeli and Jewish leaders. “There’s a lot of support for this notion that God gave this land to me — not to them, to me,” Cohen said at a panel discussion of the survey. “Is there a context in which it seems the authorities are trying to diminish the place of minorities in this country? Is that happening? If that’s happening, then this question becomes very critical.” Tomer Neuberg/Flash 90



Pew findings not irreversible

Can the scripted Trump govern?

By Daniel Sokatch The Pew Research Center poll released in March surveying attitudes among Israeli citizens confirms what many of us who work on Israeli issues already knew: Israel is a deeply divided society, first and foremost between its Jewish and Arab citizens, but also among its Jewish sectors. Ethnicity, religiosity, family origin and political beliefs have created an Israel of “camps” that don’t much like or have much to do with each other. The Pew research director described these divisions as “jaw-dropping.” As in-depth as the survey is, however, what it does not tell us is why Israel has become so fractured. Israel’s Jewish and Arab citizens have been living together for generations, and its Jews belong to a people that survived millennia of persecution with cohesion and unity. Why, then, is it so difficult for Israelis to share their society and arrive at some concept of Israeli-ness that would downplay sectarian differences? And how can a nation so deeply divided offer a sense of community to all its citizens? Some factors are familiar to Americans experienced with the red-blue state divide. Many Israelis of all three faiths are profoundly religious. With religious practice frequently comes a more conservative and insular stance on social issues ranging from the rights of women to the role religion should play in the identity of the state. Most important, the Pew survey found that the four descriptions used for being Jewish in Israel — secular, traditional, religious Zionist and ultraOrthodox — strongly correlate with views on social and political issues, on questions as basic as the prospects for peace or the importance of democratic values. And then there is the attitude toward the “other.” There is profound disagreement over the significance of Israel as a Jewish state. Nearly 80 percent of Jews believe that Jews deserve (some unspecified) preferential treatment in Israel. No wonder most Arab respondents do not think Israel can be a Jewish state and a democracy at the same time. The two groups can’t come close to agreement on whether Israeli Arabs face discrimination or the prospects for peace. The 48 percent of Jewish respondents who actually want to expel their Arab neighbors is a terrible headline, one that underlines the need to reinforce the value of minority rights within Israeli society. Commentators warn that this question cannot be taken in isolation, especially because it did not refer to a real policy proposal. But to those of us working against the growing wave of racism and incitement, this response is a red flag that reflects the reality of what we see on the ground. It must also be said that these deep divisions serve the purposes of many Israeli leaders, who amplify the idea that Israeli society is a zero-sum game in

By Jonathan S. Tobin On March 21, Donald Trump met with the editorial board of The Washington Post to discuss his foreign policy views and to reveal the first partial list of his advisers. What he said was a remarkable statement that illustrated the candidate’s utter lack of respect for history and the entire point of American foreign policy since World War II. It was a rambling, incoherent cri de coeur of an isolationist and protectionist who had little understanding of the ramifications of an American withdrawal from the world stage. It was a signal to America’s allies that if Trump was elected president, they were more or less on their own. In a Trump administration, NATO and other alliances that have kept the peace and enabled stability in both hemispheres will be up for grabs. Trump’s America will look inward and build walls that are both physical and trade barriers to keep the rest of the world out and its resources at home. But a few hours later, a different Trump addressed the annual AIPAC conference. Reading from the TelePrompTer for perhaps the first time since he was a reality television star, he appeared to make few deviations from the script he was handed and what came out of his mouth might have been the most coherent things he has said since the start his presidential campaign. Trump hit all the major themes that the pro-Israel community wanted to hear. He denounced the Iran nuclear deal in a detailed and cogent manner, identified the Iranian regime as a major terror sponsor, and said he would renounce the agreement when he was elected. He properly put the blame for the lack of peace in the Middle East on the Palestinians. In doing so, he not only accurately recited the history of Palestinian rejection of Israeli peace offers but also discussed the way the political culture of the Palestinians treats as heroes terrorists that slaughter Jews. This contradicted his repeated vows at debates and in interviews in which he promised to be neutral between Israel and the Palestinians. He vowed to stop the U.N. from imposing a bad deal on Israel that would reward the Palestinians for terrorism. If that wasn’t enough, he pulled an old chestnut out of the proIsrael politicians bag of tricks and vowed to move the U.S. embassy to Jerusalem. Trump’s speech was sensible and showed a command of the facts that his vague boasts about restoring greatness we’ve heard from him have lacked. If he carried out the policies he spoke of at AIPAC, a President Trump would be a strong ally of Israel and a responsible player in the Middle East. The strength of the speech made a lot of people forget about some of the protests from those who were appalled by his dog whistle appeals to race, bias, and violence. In theory, that should allay concerns about Trump in the pro-Israel commu-

which one sector can only advance at the expense of others. A prime minister who mustered his base on Election Day with the threat that “Arabs are being bused to the polls in droves” and who conditions Arab civil rights on his standard of good behavior is not, to put it mildly, unifying his country. Ultra-Orthodox leaders who viciously attack not only non-Jews but their Reform and Conservative counterparts do their part in exacerbating intolerance. Separatist Arab leaders who publicly identify with Israel’s enemies don’t help matters, nor do settler politicians whose only public policy is demonizing anyone who opposes the occupation as an obstacle to peace and dangerous to Israeli democracy. There are no easy remedies for these deep divides. We must also keep in mind that the Jewish-Arab divide, and for that matter some divisions among Jewish sectors, cannot be separated from the pain and trauma of all sides in Israel’s existential conflicts. But we also must understand that the Pew poll represents a snapshot in time and is not an irreversible prediction of Israel’s future. From President Reuven Rivlin on down, there are strong voices speaking out against racism and division in Israel. There is a coalition of more than 50 organizations that speaks out at public events against extremist Jewish violence against non-Jews, and it is led by religious Zionists. There is a Coalition Against Racism with an array of participants from Reform Jews to Palestinian grassroots activists, and local Jewish-Arab coalitions dedicated to building shared spaces in which ordinary people interact in their daily lives. Israel needs an ethos of sharing its small space among its many different kinds of people because they are all entitled to be there. From the Tel Aviv entrepreneur drinking coffee on the beach to the student arguing Talmud in Bnei Brak, from the Russian artist to the Ethiopian activist to every Palestinian-Israeli whose family is deeply rooted in the land, there is no other place for them to go. The Pew study validates, once again, those of us who warn of dangerous fissures in a nation that cannot afford the continued breakdown of cohesion and amity. But we also know that Israelis are miraculously good at inventing new realities. Now they need to reinvent their own society — for their own sake, and for all of us who love and support their efforts. Daniel Sokatch is CEO of the New Israel Fund.

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nity, as well as among those who have pointed out his painful ignorance on key strategic issues like the need for the U.S. to stand with its allies rather than to retreat into a fortress America. But the problem here isn’t what he said, but that this was his first scripted speech as a candidate in a campaign in which he has risen to the top of the polls as an unscripted, loose canon. The stark contrast between the unscripted Trump who would abandon Ukraine to Vladimir Putin and trash NATO and the smart, scripted Trump that spoke about Israel is too great to be ignored. All politicians and great statesmen rely on speechwriters and are ultimately responsible for all that comes out of their mouths. But good leaders understand what they are saying and have writers provide them with speeches that faithfully reflect their views. Their ad-libbed remarks aren’t generally that different in terms of substance. The day and night contrast between scripted and unscripted Trump raises serious questions as to what it is that he actually thinks and how he would govern in a way that another candidate’s remarks would not. Even Trump’s AIPAC script contained a couple of whoppers. His assertion that serving as the honorary grand marshal of New York’s annual “Salute to Israel Day” parade in 2004 was a hazardous job entailing risk is the absurd material we’ve come to expect from Trump. Similarly foolish was his assertion that he knew more about the Iran nuclear deal than all 18,000 AIPAC activists in attendance at his speech — knowledge that he hasn’t exhibited during previous ad-libbed speeches. He deserves credit for hiring smart people to write him a good speech. And perhaps he believes everything said in it. At least we should hope so. Maybe the contrast between his support for Israel and his abandonment of NATO and America’s Asian allies just means that Israel is the sole exception to his isolationist credo. If so, that is hardly an argument for his foreign policy expertise. We’re likely to learn a lot more about Trump and what he thinks in both scripted and unscripted moments in the coming months if he stays on track to be the Republican presidential nominee. But far from answering all the questions about him, his AIPAC speech raises some new ones. The address was so different in content and tone from everything else Trump has said since last spring that it can’t be taken at face value. Until we have a better idea about which Trump will be sitting in the Oval Office is he is elected — the unscripted wildcard or the scripted politician that sounded as if he knew what he was talking about — Americans will be right to worry about trusting him with the role of commander-in-chief. Jonathan S. Tobin is senior online editor of Commentary.






April 5




Opening Night


Mediterranean folk band, Baladino Dessert reception & entertainment @ 6:30PM 43 S Main St, Miamisburg

Baladino is brought to our festival as a part of the Arts Midwest World Fest through the sponsorship of 3M, the Ohio Arts Council, Murphy Theatre, and the Israel Consul General to the Midwest.

Once in a Lifetime 105 min P 7:30PM SPONSOR: MORRIS HOME FURNISHINGS U










Little Art Theatre

G Cinemark @ the Greene 4489 Glengarry Dr., Beavercreek

247 Xenia Ave., Yellow Springs


at The Mosaic Institute of Greater Dayton


N The Neon 130 East 5th St., Dayton

P Historic Plaza Theatre 33 South Main St., Miamisburg

Photo by Omri Barel

















Once in a Lifetime

Atomic Falafel

105 min LA 7PM

100 min






The Last Mentsch

Gett: The Trial of Viviane Amsalem

93 min N 7:15PM













Retired lawyer and community member Ellen Leffak speaks to the legal background of the film, Gett. Leffak has 30 years of experience in employment law, contract law, and regulatory law.





































Making Morning Star 36 min N 5:20PM



Panel discussion with film makers


Secrets of War


Apples from the Desert 94 min N 7:15PM

95 min LA 7PM




HOW TO ORDER: BY PHONE: Karen at 937-610-1555 ONLINE: Credit Card Orders Only PRINT MEDIA SPONSOR ($2500)

Local guest speaker Felix Weil, a Kindertransport survivor. Through telling his story, he has dedicated many years of volunteer service in the Dayton community, at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force, and around the country.




Single Tickets $9 Student Tickets $8 Season Pass $75 (includes all films)


Rosenwald 90 min G

Dough 94 min N 7:15PM


Local speaker and Holocaust education expert Renate Frydman, Ph.D, discusses the importance of Holocaust education for today’s youth. Pulling from her personal and family history, she links fighting racism and prejudice as part of her message to raise awareness and promote compassion within the Dayton community and abroad.


104 min N




Borrowed Identity












Producer and director of Peabodywinning, Emmy-nominated The Life and Times of Hank Greenberg, and producer and director of Yoo-Hoo, Mrs. Goldberg, the award-winning Aviva Kempner returns to Dayton to discuss her new documentary film, Rosenwald. FILMS MAY CONTAIN ADULT CONTENT OR THEMES. PLEASE CHECK OUR WEBSITE FOR MORE INFORMATION: JEWISHDAYTON.ORG

IN PERSON: Boonshoft CJCE 525 Versailles Drive, Centerville AT THEATRE: Day of Event






Rosenwald celebrates forgotten benefactor of AfricanAmerican schools, artists

Julius Rosenwald with students from a Rosenwald school

By Michael Fox Special To The Observer The recent history between Jews and African-Americans, from the Crown Heights riot of 1991 through the dustup between Black Lives Matter and Bernie Sanders last summer, is strewn with misunderstandings. One has to go back half a century to the Civil Rights Movement, and the Freedom Summer voter-registration campaign of 1964, to find a time when the minorities shared a close bond. Indeed, when the late human rights activist Julian Bond and Rabbi Dr. David Saperstein, now the U.S. government’s ambassador at large for International Religious Freedom, tackled the subject of black-Jewish relations on a 2003 panel on Martha’s Vineyard, audience member Aviva Kempner fully anticipated hearing about the ‘60s. Bond and Saperstein revisited those halcyon days, but they also regaled the crowd with black-Jewish history from a hundred years ago. At its center was Chicago businessman Julius Rosenwald, the greatest philanthropist that Kempner — The JCC Film Fest presents Rosenwald at 7 p.m. on Tuesday, April 19 at Cinemark at The Greene, in memory of Carole Rabinowitz. The documentary’s producer and director, Aviva Kempner, will take part in a discussion after the film. Tickets are available at the door, at, at the Boonshoft CJCE, 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville, or by calling Karen Steiger at 610-1555.

Fisk University, Franklin Library, Special Collections

and practically everyone else — started a clothing store. In the late 1870s, when their had never heard of. eldest son, Julius, was a teenThe tenacious Washington, D.C. director of the entertaining ager, he spent a year working and invaluable historical docu- for his uncles in New York. He realized there was more opmentaries The Life and Times of portunity in the new business Hank Greenberg (1998) and YooHoo, Mrs. Goldberg (2009) — and of mass-produced clothing, and a favorite at Dayton’s JCC Film founded such a company in Chicago with his brother and Festival — had found the next cousin. subject in her series of what Chicago-based Sears, Roeshe calls “underknown Jewish buck & Co. was one of their heroes.” main customers, and a series Rosenwald will screen at the JCC Film of events led to Rosenwald becoming a co-owner in 1895. Festival on April 19, His management acumen profollowed by a discuspelled the retailer to astonishing sion with Kempner. growth over the next decade, It’s a revelatory and he amassed a substantial documentary about personal fortune. a remarkable man Active in the Reform temple whose exceptional Chicago Sinai, and influenced commitment to helpby its spiritual leader, Rabbi ing others was rooted Emil G. Hirsch, Rosenwald in the tenets of his religion. supported various Jewish The portrait that emerges is projects. After meeting Booker of a man who would revel in T. Washington and visiting the the fact that his contributions Tuskegee Institute in Alabama, outlived him, and wouldn’t Rosenwald agreed to also fund much care that Bruce Guthrie a handful of ruhe’s largely forral black schools. gotten. The instituAlthough tions were the filmmaking conceived to is relentlessly provide black prosaic — with children with a talking-head quality educainterviews and tion at a time still photographs when separate the primary and unequal was building blocks— the status quo. Kempner unAll well and earths so much good, but it was colorful and the way Rosencompelling inFilmmaker Aviva Kempner wald structured formation that it returns to Dayton with his philanthropy scarcely matters. Rosenwald, April 19 that proved Rosenwald’s instrumental to their success. father was a German immiHe put up half the money, grant, a 19th-century clothes peddler who married the sister and the black community in each location came up with the of his New York City employrest through their own contriers. The couple moved to butions, donations from white Springfield, Ill., where they

neighbors and grants from state boards of education. Because the schools were built (and rebuilt when they were torched by arsonists), painted, maintained and administered by blacks, a strong sense of ownership and pride was instilled. All told, Julius Rosenwald seeded the establishment of more than 5,200 Rosenwald schools all across the South. A chorus of prominent African-Americans, including author Maya Angelou, Sen. John Lewis, columnist Eugene Robinson and Julian Bond, recount the difference that a Rosenwald school made in their life and/or in the black community. If this remarkable episode is news to you, you’re far from alone. “Usually older Chicago people and Southern blacks know this story,” Kempner says. Following a screening of Rosenwald at the annual NAACP

convention in Philadelphia last July, the filmmaker reports, “So many people testified, ‘This school made me who I am today.’” Rosenwald devotes a chunk of its running time to the Rosenwald Fund’s support of black artists and musicians in the 1930s and ‘40s. Those grants were essential to sustaining and developing African-American culture, but it’s the Rosenwald schools that give the film its emotional and inspirational punch. In Dayton, the film will be presented in memory of philanthropist Carole Rabinowitz, one of the founders and a staunch supporter of the JCC Film Fest. “Not all of us have the resources to give what Julius Rosenwald did,” Kempner says, “but all of us have a Julius Rosenwald in us. In our communities, in our schools — there’s something we can do. I think the film will be a great healing tool, as well as a learning tool.”

Come be a part of our MASTERPIECE at JCC Early Childhood Preschool!

ea ch


Enrollment for the 2016–2017 preschool year is open now. Ages 6 weeks through kindergarten. Flexible schedules to meet your needs. Call Audrey MacKenzie, Early Childhood director, at 853-0373 for more information.



A Night in


The JCC graciously thanks the following: » Ahava Studio Photography » Arrow Wine and Spirits » Bagger Dave's Burger Tavern » BD Mongolian Grill » Bonefish Grill » Brian Appel* Artwork » Bubbles and Bows Pet Grooming » Cathy Gardner » Christopher's Restaurant & Catering » Cincinnati Reds » Chuy’s Tex Mex » Coco's Bistro » Cooper's Hawk Winery & Restaurant » Corporate Transportation Specialists » COSI » Dayton Flyers » Dayton Optometric Center » David Klass (Luxe Imports) » Dazzling Nails » Dewey's Pizza » Dublin Pub » Ehud Borovoy

» Elizabeth Diamond Company » Entertainment Unlimited Events » EO Burger » Fazolis » First Watch » Flemings Prime Steakhouse & Wine Bar » Flying Pizza » Foremost Seafood » Fresh Thyme Farmers Market » Frickers » Gordon's Jewelry & Loan » Greater Ohio Virtual School » Gyro Palace » Hairy Situations » Hal McCoy » Harrison’s Restaurant » Jaffe Jewelers » Kroger » KLiP ART » LA Fitness » LA Tan » Legacy Pancake House » Lily's Bistro » Lindy & Company Gourmet Pet Treats » Lula Bell Art and Designs

» M. L. Dunn Flooring » Mama DiSalvo's Italian Ristorante » Martha Moody Jacobs » McCormick & Schmick's Seafood Restaurant » Meadowlark & Wheat Penny » Merchant 31 » Michael H Halasz, D.D.S. » Nexstep Commerical Products » NCR Country Club » Panera Bread » Pappedeaux Seafood Kitchen » Pasha Grill » Perkins Restaurant and Bakery » Piada Italian Street Food » Practice Yoga » Premier Produce One » Quantum Healing » Rainey Days Hand Car Wash » Reiber Cleaners » Salon Lofts » Scene 75 Entertainment Center

» Sea Jax Tavern » Short Cuts Family Hair Care » Skyline Chili » Soft Touch Car Wash » Starbucks » Texas Roadhouse » That Place on Main » The Massachusetts Bay Co. » The Oilerie » The Paragon Supper Club » The Centerville Salt Room Halotherapy and Massage » RCI Time Share (Annette Nathan) » Todd & Jean Bettman » Trio's Salon » Tropical Smoothie Café » Uniglobe VIP Travel » UNO Pizzeria & Grill » Victoria Theatre Association » W. G. Grinders » Weber Jewelers » Webster Street Deli

* of blessed memory Event Committee: Heath Gilbert Chair | Mark Gordon Chair Amy Bloom | Lisa Blum Lori Cohen | Ron Gilbert Shirlee Gilbert | Helene Gordon Bobbi Hartsog | Donna Holt Todd Leventhal | Mel Lipton Patty O’Connell | Brian O’Koon Suzanne Vlahos


Israeli divorce process goes on trial in Gett Music Box Films

By Michael Fox Special To The Observer The marvelously claustrophobic and deeply damning Israeli courtroom drama Gett: The Trial of Viviane Amsalem actually consists of three trials. Seeking a divorce after some 30 years, Viviane aims to cast her husband Elisha as the defendant. However, the government-funded religious court vested with authority over Jewish divorces won’t grant a gett without the husband’s consent — and the triumvirate of Orthodox rabbis insists it has limited power to pres- Ronit Elkabetz co-wrote, co-directed, and stars in Gett: sure him. The Trial of Viviane Amsalem As a result, it often feels Viviane to be free,” Shlomi says. “The as if Viviane (rivetingly played by Ronit dream of the modern world is freedom. Elkabetz) is on trial. And because the She wants something that all of us process seems arbitrary and unfairly want.” skewed in favor of the husband (the The corollary to rooting for Viviane taciturn, unwavering Simon Abkarian), is that the other characters assume the the film explicitly puts the system itself cloak of villains. But the filmmakers on trial. made a concerted effort to imbue Gett “Our work is very political,” declares with nuance and ambiguity, which Shlomi Elkabetz, who co-wrote and comakes for a more interesting, provocadirected the film with his sister, Ronit. tive and richer work. “Gett is a protest film.” “(Ronit and I) don’t judge Viviane, The highest-profile we do not judge Elisha, not the judges, Israeli film of 2014, we do not judge (Viviane’s) advocate,” Gett screens at the JCC Shlomi says. “Everybody has his place Film Fest on April 12. for performing their interior life and The Elkabetzes, making it exterior in that little theatre of who come from a the court. Everybody is respected by us, Moroccan Sephardic the storytellers.” background, were Gett marks the third and final chapter born in Beersheba and of an exceptional trilogy that began, raised near Haifa. in the very first scene of To Take a Wife “We did not have any connection (2004), with Viviane’s seven brothers whatsoever to the cultural centers in discouraging her from rocking the boat Israel (growing up),” Shlomi says. “We and seeking a divorce. Shiva (Seven did not have any access, not by our Days), set a few years after Viviane has family members and not by the surleft Elisha and released in 2008, reunites roundings of the places we grew up in.” the extended family for a funeral. As outsiders who had to push and Shiva also won the Ophir for best elbow their way into Israel’s Ashkenazi- picture, so the attention and respect of dominated cultural hierarchy, they take their peers is not a brand-new experigreat satisfaction in Gett’s Ophir Award ence for the Elkabetzes. One gets the for best picture and selection as Israel’s feeling that Shlomi and Ronit (familiar official submission to the Oscars in the to moviegoers from The Band’s Visit), are Best Foreign Language Film category, fueled by the role of underdogs. though it didn’t receive a nomination. For his part, Shlomi wants to make The film’s setup is simple and power- accessible films that provoke audience ful: Viviane wants a divorce, and her reactions and, ideally, promote societal husband says no. change. Intense and often intensely ab“Just like that there is huge suspense, surd, the beautifully crafted and acted because we identify with the wish of Gett hits every mark. “If I go to all this trouble, I want The JCC Film Fest in partnership with people to be aware of the film,” Shlomi Hadassah presents Gett: The Trial says. “Part of my attraction in cinema is of Viviane Amsalem, at 10 a.m. on to try to make cinema that does not give Tuesday, April 12 at the Neon Movies, up filmmaking. I’m not trying to flatter 130 E. 5th St., Dayton. Retired attorney anyone but to be strict and radical and Ellen Leffak will lead a discussion after at the same time to be popular. Is it posthe film. Tickets are available at the door, sible? I don’t know.” at, at the Boonshoft Shlomi laughs, at himself and the test CJCE, 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville, or he has set for himself. Consider it Gett’s by calling Karen Steiger at 610-1555. fourth trial. THE DAYTON JEWISH OBSERVER • APRIL 2016

Stellar coming-of-age saga explores Borrowed Identity Eitan Riklis/Strand Releasing

Given by OSHIIP, the Ohio Senior Health Insurance Information Program at the Ohio Dept. of Insurance

ce n a t r o p he Im T n a May 3, 6–8PM t g n i r k o p of Ta e Itm @ Boonshoft CJCE n i o ng a c h i d e T M i For information about this particular k a ta r n T session’s location, contact Karen f o i p o t a m at 610-1555. c I i d e e h All questions about Medicare T M a k i ng should be directed to OSHIIP at (800) 686-1578. of T ication Med

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18 months–entering Kindergarten

Entering Grades 1–7


Contact Casey at or 401-1550. Early Bird Special! $50 off when you register by April 20.


Contact Audrey at or 853-0373.

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By Michael Fox Special To The Observer Exceptionally intelligent and resourceful, and supported by a loving middle-class family, the young protagonist of A Borrowed Identity has a wide-open future. He does have one handicap, though, that will block his ascent into the upper echelons of Israeli society: He’s an Arab. Adapted by Arab-Israeli writer Sayed Kashua from his humor-laced autobiographical novels, and directed with empathy and elegance by veteran Israeli filmmaker Eran Riklis, A Borrowed Identity smoothly meshes piercing social commentary with a touching coming-of-age story. The film will come as something of a revelation to American audiences who’ve never been exposed to the Arab-IsDanielle Kitzis and Tawfeek Barhom in A Borrowed Identity raeli perspective, at least as it’s manifested in everyday dreams the Jerusalem Arts and Science Longtime fans of Eran Riklis and aspirations. However, (Cup Final, The Syrian Bride, Academy, an exclusive boardthe central character’s innate Lemon Tree) will not be suring school populated almost morality and unfailing deprised to hear that one of the entirely by Ashkenazi Jews, cency make A Borrowed Identity his parents kvell at the great strengths of A Borrowed Identity anything but an uncomfortable opportunity he’s been given. It is its heartfelt humanism. experience for Jewish viewers. Despite the continued disindoesn’t take Eyad long, howA Borrowed Identity screens tegration of Israeli-Palestinian ever, to figure out that being a at the JCC Film Fest on April relations, the director’s faith minority among entitled high 12, following its brief 2015 U.S. school students is a particular that people of goodwill can theatrical run. transcend fear, stereotypes, and challenge. The movie begins in the peer pressure has not faded. But he’s good at sloughing town of Tira in 1982, Riklis’ optimism is tempered off the daily racism — and devotes its first casual, intentional and by the real-life experience of half-hour to Eyad’s Sayed Kashua, an acclaimed institutional — and childhood and family novelist, Haaretz columnist, and at making friends, so life. The boy adores his Eyad thrives. He bonds creator of the popular sitcom grandmother, excels with an Israeli his own Arab Labor. For all his success, at math and logic, Kashua is acutely aware of beage with muscular and takes pride in his ing seen as an outsider in Israeli dystrophy whom he’s father’s unspoken yet society. In fact, in dismayed been assigned to visit radical past (which as part of a community- response to the rising violence was more vocal than militant, service project, and has a Jewish and tension in 2014, he accepted but got him a prison sentence a teaching position at the Unigirlfriend by his junior year. nonetheless). versity of Illinois and relocated It’s all perfectly natural, and A Borrowed Identity patiently conveys the fundamental truth his family to the out-of-the-way inculcates us into Eyad’s decollege town of Champaign. that we like who we like and monstrative family, an otherA Borrowed Identity was we love who we love, regardwise easygoing clan who root originally called Dancing Arabs, less of identity or background. impotently for the Arab side after Kashua’s first book, preIt can only happen, though, in every regional conflagration once we know the other person sumably a barbed reference to from the Israeli invasion of the CNN video of Palestinians as an individual. To a teacher Lebanon to the U.S. invasion of on the first day of class, or a sol- celebrating the 9/11 attack. The Iraq. dier on the street who overhears title also alludes to the struggles When Eyad (played by Arabic spoken, or a café owner of Palestinians — exemplified Tawfeek Barhom) is accepted to ostensibly in need of a waiter, by Eyad — to create their own identity and fulfill their promEyad is nothing more or less ise. than an Arab. The JCC Film Fest presents A Without naïveté or cynicism, The film conveys Eyad’s Borrowed Identity at 7:15 p.m. A Borrowed Identity invites us growing awareness that he’s on Tuesday, April 12, at the Neon to identify with one talented in a bind between his parents’ Movies, 130 E. 5th St., Dayton. expectations (he could be a doc- young man who asks what each Tickets are available at the door, tor) and the array of limitations of us asks: to be seen, judged, at, at the loved and rewarded for who (romantic and occupational, Boonshoft CJCE, 525 Versailles we are. It’s a deeply rewarding for starters) that Israeli society Dr., Centerville, or by calling film, and an important one. imposes on Arabs. Karen Steiger at 610-1555.

Welcome to Medicare SEMINAR Are you reading this? So is the entire Jewish community. Contact Patty Caruso at to advertise in The Observer.



Local doc on Jewish opera, live folk music & restored movie house for JCC Film fest The JCC Film Fest will celebrate the recent restoration of a movie house in Miamisburg dating to 1919 when it presents its opening-night film, Once in a Lifetime, at the Historic Plaza Theatre at 7:30 p.m. on Tuesday, April 5. One hour before the screening, the Film Fest will host a dessert reception next door, at The Mosaic Institute of Greater Dayton, featuring a concert with Sephardic/Ladino folk band Baladino. The Israeli group specializes in instrumental improvisations driven by “MediterraneanGypsy grooves, yet embracing rock and electronic influences.” The Historic Plaza Theatre is located at 33 S. Main St. in Miamisburg; The Mosaic Institute is at 43 S. Main St. Once In A Lifetime — the story of a teacher in France who connects with her rebellious teen students when she teaches them about the Holocaust — will also be screened with the Film Fest at 7 p.m. on Wednesday, April 6 at the Little Art Theatre, 247 Xenia Ave. in Yellow Springs. Following the Little Art screening, Dayton Holocaust

Center Director Renate Frydman will discuss the importance of Holocaust education for today’s youths. Celebrated local filmmakers Steve Bognar and Julia Reichert will present the local premiere of their 2015 documentary, Making Morning Star, at 5:20 p.m. on Sunday, April 17 at the Neon, 130 E. Sephardic/Ladino folk band Baladino will open 5th St. in Dayton. the Dayton Jewish Film Fest April 5 The 36-minute lows the struggles of a Jewish documentary explores the immigrant family in the first creative development of a new half of 20th-century America. opera, Morning Star, for its Bognar and Reichert will lead premiere with Cincinnati Opera a panel discussion after the film. last June. Composed by Ricky — Marshall Weiss Ian Gordon, Morning Star folSteve Bognar & Julia Reichert

A scene from Bognar and Reichert’s documentary Making Morning Star

Bob Mihalek

Filmmakers Steve Bognar and Julia Reichert

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937-837-2651 Are you reading this? So is the entire Jewish community. Contact Patty Caruso at to advertise in The Observer. PAGE 18

Renewing Angels Judith & Fred Weber New Angels Larry & Cindy Burick Double Chai Linda & Jeff Albert Aaron & Anne Burke Shelly Charles Lori Appel-Cohen Janice Davies-May & Kimora Davis Steven & Penney Fraim Jonathan & Casey Fraim Scott Fraim Mrs. Jack Goldberg Don & Sally Green Joel & Judi Guggenheimer Neil Katz & Karin Hirschkatz Iris & Zeke Levi, Magnum Auto Sales Leonard Press Barbara Rosenbaum Barbara Saeks William Schoenfeld Joe Weinreich Bart & Linda Weprin Subscribers Larry Barton Jeannie Day Phil Dreety Cissy Ellison Lisa Esselstein Barbara Goldberg

Florence Heller Ms. Curtis Mae Jones Marshall & Susan Kapp Marvin Levitt Harvey Mann Mark J. Meister Evelyn Ostreicher Wendy Rachlin & Roger Pankake Kevin Rachlin Larry Salyer Barbara & Albert Solkov Susan & Alan Witte Current Guardian Angels Rabbi Joshua Ginsberg & Hazzan Jenna Greenberg Marilyn & Larry Klaben Howard Michaels Walter Ohlmann Andrea Rabiner Current Angels Ken Baker, K.W. Baker & Assoc. Michael & Connie Bank George & Ruth Barnett & Family Skip Becker Mr. & Mrs. Joseph Bettman Amy & Michael Bloom Hy & Sylvia Blum Betty & Don Chernick Mrs. Melvin Crouse Dr. & Mrs. Scot Denmark Mr. & Mrs. Bruce Feldman Esther & DeNeal Feldman Lynn Foster M.J. & Bella Freeman Dr. Eric Friedland

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Be Part of Your Community

Jewish Federation of GREATER DAYTON

Monday, April 4 › PJ Library Passover Palooza 5:30–7:30PM @ Boonshoft

CJCE Kosher dinner followed by an interactive reading of The Little Red Hen and the Passover Matzah and activities inspired by the book. RSVP to Caryl at 401-1558 by March 28.

Sunday, May 1 › LESSONS NOT YET LEARNED: Community Yom HaShoah Remembrance 4PM @ Temple Israel

(130 Riverside Dr. 45405) 2016 Max & Lydia May Memorial Holocaust Art & Writing Contest submissions will be on display from 3 to 4PM and following the program in the social hall.

Sunday, May 15 › Presidents Dinner

@ Boonshoft CJCE Reservations and ticket price online at starting on April 1 or call Alisa Thomas at 610-1796 to RSVP.

Correction Notice: In the March issue of the Observer, the Federation Newsletter misstated that Addison Caruso was a Freshman at Miami University of Ohio. Addison is a Sophomore at Miami University of Ohio.

RSVPs are due at least 1 week before event. Events with no price listed are free. PLEASE CONTACT KAREN STEIGER REGARDING ALL EVENTS UNLESS NOTED: 610-1555,

Growing up here in Dayton, there were many things on the walls of my family home. There was artwork, Judaica, portraits and family pictures. But none stood out more boldly and memorably to me than two plaques; awards received, one by my mother and one by my father, with their names beautifully calligraphied thereon. They were for the Dorothy B. Moyer and Alan L. Wasserman Young Leadership Awards of the Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton for the year 1968, the first time in the entire country that a husband and wife won their community’s young leadership awards in the same year. And considering these awards are presented for work done in the year prior, and I was born in 1967, it does beg the question of who was taking care of me at the time – and probably explains a number of my personality quirks. That aside, what it has always meant to me is that I was literally born to lead – not so much that leadership itself is naturally born, but that the need to lead can be so instilled. And so it has come to be that I have accepted the charge to Chair the Federation's 2016 Annual Campaign, following a path forged by some of the greatest leaders in the history of our community – names literally emblazoned on our institutions; 56 men and women since 1935 – yes, including my mother and father some 13 years apart - whose leadership and devotion to our community has provided the foundation for our community as it stands today, even in its decidedly smaller size in terms of population, but in many ways even grander in scope and offerings of service than at any point in our history. And that brings me to the 2016 Annual Campaign. Our community – and society as a whole

- has changed so monumentally since that first Campaign Chair back in 1935 – Joseph Thal, by the way, for you trivia buffs. Our community, once largely confined to the Dayton View neighborhood, where all of our synagogues and religious institutions were concentrated, has since dispersed - not unlike the broader diaspora - to wide-flung areas throughout the Dayton region. Our community, once relatively homogenous - albeit somewhat readily identifiable by denomination or synagogue affiliation - is now incredibly and wonderfully broadly composed, literally inclusive of not only different denominations, but inter-faith, inter-racial (and in my family, a little of both) and just about every other classification you care to name. And so, the Dayton Jewish community is this beautiful patchwork, and the Jewish Federation is the thread that binds it together. The funds raised by our Annual Campaign ensures those stitches remain viable. Just as times have changed since 1935, so has the way our Campaign functions. Life is more complicated in 2016, and while there are still 24 hours in a day and 365 days in a year, it seems that time is indeed more scarce. With our busy lives, dual-career households and longer commutes to participate, no longer can we count on scores of volunteers to participate in the Campaign, effectively contacting each and every donor for solicitation meetings. And yet, each and every donor to our Campaign is crucial – YOUR gift is crucial. I was taught from a young age that my gift to the Annual Campaign

One Community, One Heart, One Gift:The Gift of the Jewish Community

was perhaps the most important obligation I had to Israel and the Jewish community. Indeed, my own Jewish identity has always been at least as heavily tied to Campaign and Federation and the community at large as to my synagogue, for as important as the ritual of Judaism is to so many of us, so too is the importance of peoplehood, culture and community. And it is those elements that are most profoundly affected by our Jewish Federation and our annual gift to the Campaign. And so this year, as we begin our “100 Days of Tikkun Olam”, I ask you to join me in making a meaningful contribution to the 2016 Annual Campaign. In making that request, I fully recognize that the actual dollar amount that is “meaningful” to each of us varies by ability and priorities. So far more important than the size of your gift is that each of us stands up and declares with whatever size gift you are comfortable that “I belong to this community and to this people”, and that we all share in the common commitment to our future. I truly look forward to being with and speaking with so many of you over the course of this Campaign as we all work to maintain and strengthen all that our forebearers have built for us.

Todd Bettman 2016 CAMPAIGN CHAIR

Learning the ABC’s or 123's are a given when your child is in preschool. But what about learning to cherish Jewish cultural heritage, and discovering the bonds of community? The JCC Early Childhood Preschool at the Boonshoft Center for Jewish Culture & Education does exactly that year-round for all those enrolled, aged 6 weeks through 6 years old, Jews and non-Jews. Carrieann Sanders grew up in the Dayton Jewish community, then moved away when she was 18. “Richard Broock is my stepfather--he’s basically my father. He’s Jewish, and growing up, all of our parents' friends were Jewish. We celebrated all the holidays, went to all the bar mitzvahs, and had big Shabbat dinners.” Now back in Dayton, the gifted educator needed to find a preschool for her young son, Silas. Family friends sang the praises of the JCC’s Early Childhood program. “I knew Silas was behind. He had delayed speech; he didn’t really talk until he was 2½ or 3. He was in speech therapy for a year. What I loved was how his teacher, Miss Katie [Lagasse], asked about it, requested any paperwork I had on him. She took it home on her own time, went through it all, and made it a mission of hers. She adjusted her teaching style for him.” INTERESTED IN LEARNING MORE ABOUT JCC EARLY CHILDHOOD PRESCHOOL? Contact Director Audrey MacKenzie at 853-0373.

Being immersed in the Judaics and the school community really struck a chord with Silas. “Something happened this past year. We had a big Shabbat dinner with Dr. Robert & Debby Goldenberg's family. Silas stood up in front of everybody--about 35 people--and sang the 'Apples Dipped in Honey' song and helped her with the challah bread and the prayers. Now, for almost any big dinner we have, whether it’s a birthday dinner or Shabbat, he says the Baruch, and he says it by himself and he’s very proud of it. I just think it’s such a strong community within the school. It’s just been night and day Silas, son of Carrieann Sanders since he started here. He’s just thriving.” Your gift to the Annual Campaign helps teach the students in the JCC Early Childhood program to respect and embrace Jewish culture, values, and traditions in an environment that’s unlike anything else here in Dayton.

Be amazed. Be proud of what we do—we are One Community, One Heart, One Gift.


Community Yom Ha'Atzmaut Celebration

Jewish Community Center of GREATER DAYTON FILM FESTIVAL April 5–19 Tickets: $9 per ticket, $8 for students | $75 season pass › Opening Night: Once in a Lifetime Tuesday, April 5, 7:30PM

@ Historic Plaza Theatre ( 33 S. Main St., 45342) Dessert reception & Baladino at the Mosaic Institute of Greater Dayton @ 6:30PM

› Closing Night: Rosenwald Tuesday, April 19, 7PM

@ Cinemark at the Greene ( 4489 Glengarry Dr., 45440) This film is in memory of Carole Rabinowitz. For more film listings, please see page 14.

› BBYO AIT/MIT Informational meeting Wednesday, April 6, 6–7:30PM @ Sugar Shack (105 Sugar Camp Circle, 45409) For parents and teens.


$5 per class. Minimum 4 students.

Join the Dayton Jewish community on Thursday, May 12, to celebrate the 68th anniversary of the State of Israel. This year’s celebration will offer a “Passport to Israel”. Travel through different cities and regions of Israel to taste the culture, food, entertainment, technology and natural beauty that makes Israel such a special place in the world and in the heart of every Jew.

without a taste of Israeli cuito the Dead Sea, Tiberius, Haifa, Eilat, and Yam Kinner- sine. Dinner will be available et, all without leaving Dayton! for purchase from Bernstein's Attendees can pick up a pass- Fine Catering, with traditional port and mark off each stop as offerings as well as some new options. they journey through Israel. Each stop will also offer a clue to answer a question on a Trivia Quiz. Completed quizzes can be turned in at the end of the evening for a chance to win a prize.

After dinner, enjoy entertainment straight from Israel. The musician, Avi Dayan, is here through our participation in the Partnership2Gether. Listen to the sounds of Israel, or show off your Israeli dance moves, as we draw the festivities to a close.

a collaboration of the Dayton Jewish Community. Beth Abraham Synagogue, Beth Jacob Synagogue, Chabad, Hadassah, JCC, Jewish Family Service, the Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton, Temple Beth Or, and Temple Israel have all come together to plan an amazing experience and celebration. The Yom Ha’atzmaut committee hopes you will join us to commemorate, celebrate and enjoy all the Israel is and represents on this Israel Independence Day.

As you travel through Israel, take a moment to stop by the Israeli olive oil tasting booth. The Community Yom Israeli olive oils are some of —Juliet Glazer the best in the world, and olive Ha’Atzmaut Celebration is oils can vary in taste as much as wine. Learn what makes a HOW TO GO great olive oil, and then taste » Thursday, May 12, 5:30–8PM them for yourself !

Community organizations will each host a table showcasing what each city or region has to offer. Experience the beauty of the Golan Heights, the energetic culture of Tel Aviv, the spiritual artistry of Tsfat. Have a cup of tea in a Bedouin tent in the Negev, or leave a note in No Israel Independence Day the Kotel in Jerusalem. Travel celebration would be complete

@ Boonshoft CJCE Free and open to all


Levy drizzles chocolate over hamantaschen, taught by Rochel Simon at our hamantaschen making class!


MORNINGS ARE BETTER WITH BAGELS and a special guest to share them with, as smiles from Assaf Harel and his daughter, Imri, show. Bagels and Blocks is an annual event for the Mitzvah and Mishpacha classes in Early Childhood where students and guests enjoy breakfast together and children can "show off" their classroom and friends. PHOTO CREDIT: TASHA LAWSON

CHILDREN'S THEATRE Horton (Aaron Guggenheimer) and Gertrude McFuzz (Elise Hunter) talking to the Whos, in this year’s JCC Children’s Theatre production of Seussical JR at Rosewood Arts Center, February 20 – 21.


› Tai Chi Thursdays @ 4–5PM Instructor Debra Stewart.

› Yoga Thursdays @ 5–6PM Instructor Debra Stewart

› NEW! Aerobic Conditioning Tues/Thurs @ 9–9:55AM

May 17–August 4. Instructor Katie Marshall. $25 for all sessions. Through Sinclair Lifelong Learning. RSVPs are due at least 1 week before event. Events with no price listed are free. PLEASE CONTACT KAREN STEIGER REGARDING ALL EVENTS UNLESS NOTED: 610-1555, JEWISH FEDERATION of GREATER DAYTON AGENCY NEWSLETTER | APRIL 2016

JFS: It’s a Family Affair JFS Strategic Plan – Phase 1 In the March 2016 edition of The Dayton Jewish Observer, Marshall Weiss wrote and published a wonderful article about JFS’s new strategic plan. Over the course of the next few months, JFS will present more information about the implementation timeline for the new plan. JFS will implement the strategic plan in three phases. In this month, we will highlight the 4 strategies and Phase 1 – 2016 implementation. The new JFS strategic plan is grounded in 4 strategies, and the Jewish values of g’melut chasadim (acts of kindness), tzedakah (the obligation to create justice in the world), and tikkun olam (the collective obligation to work toward making the world right and whole). Here are the strategies and what to expect in Phase 1.



Develop new programs and services that meet unmet NEEDS of the community.

Provide programs & services that engage the COMMUNITY.

Young Families, Youth & Teens › Develop speaker series regarding child/ teen development and behaviors.

Young Families › Create events and opportunities to engage young families.

Young Families, Youth & Teens, Baby Boomers, Baby Boomers, Seniors & Others in the Community Seniors › Develop intergenerational programming, › Develop speaker series on the aging including mitzvah projects. process and planning for the future. › Develop a platform to engage more volun› Partner with area agencies for training teers for discreet, diverse tasks. opportunities for vocational support. STRATEGY 3

EDUCATE the community regarding the valuable resources and programs JFS offers. Jewish Community Members › Update the JFS website. › Define and describe JFS programs via the JFS Newsletter page in The Dayton Jewish Observer. › Create various marketing materials.


Identify revenue sources both to SUSTAIN and grow JFS. › Seek donors and grant opportunities to support existing and new programs and services.

Jewish Family Services Jewish Foundation ofof GREATER DAYTON GREATER DAYTON Thursday, April 14 › Active Adults Dine Around 5PM @ Thai 9

(11 Brown Street, 45402) Please RSVP by April 7. Note: This is before the 7:15 FilmFest showing of Apples in the Desert at the Neon.

Monday, April 18 › Active Adults Tour of ABC22 WKEF 1PM @ ABC22 WKEF

(2245 Corporate Place, 45342) No Cost. Please RSVP by April 11. The tour is limited to 25 participants.

Greater Dayton Community Members and Agencies › Network with other community agencies so that they can share our programs and services with the broader community.

JFS Strategic Plan: Bringing NaChES to the Greater Dayton Community!

an afternoon out


with friends: a

Passover gives us an

(TOP) On March

10, the Active Adults enjoyed


wonderful lunch, important opportunity to followed by the

honor the commandment

movie The Book

to feed the hungry. Jewish

Thief. Thank you 10 Wilmington

Family Services would like to seize this opportunity and partner with the Jewish

Place! PHOTO

community to motivate all


to fill the food barrels in our

(BOTTOM) During the

buildings and support the

week of February 29,

Dayton Foodbank. As we

the JFS board, staff, and volunteers assembled and delivered Purim gift bags to 100 seniors! Sy

prepare for Passover and remove hametz from our

› Are you caring for a loved one who is not in the Greater Dayton area? Visit senior-resource-connect/ to find supports and services provided by Jewish agencies nationwide. › Don’t know what to donate in the Food Barrels? How about peanut butter? The Dayton Bar Association, in collaboration with the Greater Dayton Volunteers Lawyer Project, launched the “Bar Hunger: Peanut Butter and Justice Challenge.” We can show our support for this initiative by filling our barrels with peanut butter!

homes, please donate sealed, nonperishable food items that are nonexpired. As we

and Larry Balas enjoyed remove hametz from our pantries, we can help fill the their bags! PHOTO CREDIT: AMY BOYLE

› Need Assistance Finding a Food Pantry Near You? Call the United Way Information & Referral Line, 225-3000 or Dial 2-1-1.

pantries of those in need!




Honor your loved ones Jewish Foundation of GREATER DAYTON

Two new funds to be announced in May. Check back in June to read about this year’s Heuman Scholarship recipient!

Spring is upon us, and the busy season of graduations and weddings is quickly approaching. In a time where we often stress about what type of gift to buy someone, why not give one that will honor their special milestone while making a meaningful impact on the Jewish community? When you make a donation to a Jewish Foundation of Greater Dayton fund, it creates a ripple effect, touching multiple lives, and supporting programs and services that make a difference – locally, in Israel, and around the world. We offer a myriad of funds, including ones specifically for: › › › › › › › ›

BBYO Cultural arts Holocaust programming Interest free student loans Preschool Senior services Summer camp (day camp and overnight camp) Youth travel to Israel

So, whether you are celebrating a lifecycle event such as a birth or wedding, or congratulating a recent high school or college graduate, we have a fund just right for you to honor your friends and loved ones. Making a donation is as simple as a phone call. Contact us at 937-610-1555 for more information.

Legacies, Tributes, & Memorials FEDERATION

UNITED JEWISH CAMPAIGN IN MEMORY OF › Ruth Scheuer -Donna and Marshall Weiss › Edna Flagel -Barbara and Jim Weprin › Dr. Sydney Miller › Edna Flagel -Judy and Dr. Mel Lipton PJ LIBRARY FUND IN MEMORY OF › Ruth Scheuer -Marcia and Ed Kress LINDA RUCHMAN MEMORIAL FUND IN MEMORY OF › Edna Flagel › Ferman Jay -Judy and Marshall Ruchman

HOLOCAUST PROGRAM FUND IN HONOR OF › Craig and Jenifer Doner’s wedding -Helene Gordon JCC



JEREMY BETTMAN B’NAI TZEDEK FUND IN HONOR OF › Craig and Jenifer Doner’s wedding -Jean and Todd Bettman IN MEMORY OF › Carole Rabinowitz › Richard Flagel › Dr. Sydney Miller › Ruth Scheuer -Melissa and Tim Sweeny

JEWISH FAMILY SERVICES IN HONOR OF › Janice Kohn retiring -Judy and Dr. Mel Lipton IN MEMORY OF › Ruth Scheuer -Cicely Nathan

› Mamaloshen

A little bit of Yiddish to share with friends, courtesy of the JFS Yiddish Club, in memory of Lynda A. Cohen.

Beygn : \BEY-gen\ Verb (Transitive:) To bend, bow, curve, arch. [Intransitive with zich:] To hunch or bend over. Expression with beygn: › Beser geboygn eyder tzebrochn. Better to be bent over than to be broken down. › A yung beymele beygt zich, an alter brecht zich. A young tree bends, an old one breaks (and so with human beings). JEWISH FEDERATION of GREATER DAYTON AGENCY NEWSLETTER | APRIL 2016

KVELLING CORNER The city of Centerville proclaimed Feb. 21 as Ira Segalewitz Day, in honor of his 80th birthday. The proclamation cited the Holocaust survivor’s contributions as a volunteer with Temple Beth Or, as a docent at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force

Rachel Haug Gilbert Prejudice and Memory Holocaust Exhibit, his service in the Korean War, as a VA volunteer, and his service as an usher at the Victoria Theatre. The proclamation also mentioned that Ira has traveled far and wide, enjoying visits to many presidential libraries, with the intention of visiting them all. Jeremy Bettman, son of Jean and Todd Bettman; Deborah Liberman, daughter Ann and Scott Liberman; and Nelly Rose, daughter of Christine Rose Rudwall,

and Stuart and Mimi Rose; all participated in the BBYO International Convention in Baltimore, Feb. 11-15, along with approximately 2,500 Jewish teens from 27 countries. Through social media, Todd Bettman found out that six of his friends — all former BBYOers originally from Dayton — had kids who were also at the convention. The parents arranged for their kids to get together one morning during the convention. Few of the kids knew each other or about their Dayton connection before their parents got involved. Two of the girls had randomly been selected to room together, and only discovered the connection when they arrived at the meetup. Dayton BBYO alumni will come together for a reunion June 23-26, coordinated by Leslie Goldberg Zimmer. Participants will attend Beth Abraham Synagogue’s Friday night Shabbat service, will gather at the Boonshoft Center for Jewish Culture and Education in Centerville

Dr. David Novick’s practice, Digestive Specialists, raised funds for the nonprofit Pencils Of Promise to build a school in Guatemala in an area where none existed previously. The practice exceeded its goal of $25,000, raising $26,571.

the skills and concepts they discover in the classroom, the students shared examples of how projects develop and reflect Jewish values. The student presenters were Antonio Fuenzalida, son of Fran Angerer-Fuenzalida and Hernan Fuenzalida; Ezra German, son of Teri and Dr. Dan German; Lucie Jacobs, daughter of Dr. Cassie Milling-Jacobs and Dr. Brad Jacobs; Schneur Mangel, son of Devorah and Rabbi Nochum Mangel; Benji Ray, son of Dr. Keren Ray and Dr. Patrick Ray; Judah Schwartz, son of Pamela and Andrew Schwartz; and Menachem Simon, son of Rochel and Rabbi Levi Simon.

Hillel Academy was featured as part of Temple Israel’s Ryterband Lecture Series on March 13. Co-Principals Dr. Kathy and Dan Mecoli and fourth and fifth graders presented the session, Teaching Jewish Values for the 21st Century: A Project-Based Approach. In line with Hillel’s philosophy that students need to be able to demonstrate

Attorney Cherish Cronmiller has been named vice president and COO of the Community Action Partnership of the Greater Dayton Area. Previously she served as compliance officer/director of resource development for the Community Action Partnership, which aims to eliminate poverty and promote self-sufficiency through

on Saturday for a dance and recollections, and will return to the Boonshoft CJCE on Sunday for a picnic, “laughter yoga,” a ball game, and friendship circles. Alumni from all years are invited, and current Dayton and Columbus BBYOers will join the reunion too. For more information and to help locate missing alumni for the reunion, contact Leslie Goldberg Zimmer at 310-625-1833.

Timeless Friendships

programs and services for individuals and families in the Miami Valley. Ann Berger is chair of the chefs committee for the Sixth Annual Doors of Compassion fund-raiser on May 7 to benefit the Ronald McDonald House. Doors of Compassion begins with dinners prepared by chefs and served in private residences across the area. Following dinner, participants come together for an after party with live music, a silent auction, and desserts, at a location kept secret until that evening’s dinner. Joining Ann on the chefs committee are Beth Adelman, Lauren Baumgarten, and Katie Gottesman. Erv Pavlofsky of ProduceOne will provide greens for the event, and home hosts will include Marilyn and Larry Klaben, and Debbie and Bruce Feldman, who will offer a kosher dinner. Send your Kvelling items to or to Rachel Haug Gilbert, The Dayton Jewish Observer, 525 Versailles Drive, Centerville, OH 45459.

Since 1946, times have changed. People have changed. But Bethany Village has remained a friendly and welcoming place to call home. We offer a wide array of senior living options, including cottages and apartments as well as a full continuum of care on site. Tour our beautiful 100-acre campus in Centerville and make new friendships that will never fade.

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JCC Fitness: Tai Chi w. Debra Stewart. Thursdays, 4-5 p.m. Yoga w. Debra Stewart. Thursdays, 5-6 p.m. $5 per class. Boonshoft CJCE, 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville. R.S.V.P. to Karen Steiger, 610-1555. Sinclair Holocaust Remembrance & Education Committee Teachers’ Conference: Genocide & The Second Generation. Wed., April 20, 4 p.m. R.S.V.P. by April 11 to Temple Beth Or Classes: Sun., April 10 & 24, 10:30 a.m.: Tanakh w. Rabbi Chessin. Sun., April 3, 10, 17 & 24, 1 p.m.: Adult Hebrew w. Rabbi Chessin. Wed., April 6, 13 & 20, 6-9:30 p.m.: Israeli Folk Dancing w. Janifer Tsou. Wed., April 6, 13, 20 & 27, 7-8:30 p.m.: Intermediate Hebrew. w. Ehud Borovoy. Thurs., April 14, 1 p.m.: Socrates Café. 5275 Marshall Rd., Wash. Twp. 435-3400. Temple Israel Classes: Sun., April 10, 17 & 24, 9 a.m.: Tanakh Study w. Rabbi Bogosian. Sun., April 10, 17 & 24, noon: Exploring Reform Responsa w.

Rabbi Bodney-Halasz. Mondays, noon: Advanced Biblical Hebrew w. Rabbi Bodney-Halasz. Wednesdays, 10 a.m.: Coffee & Commentary, Dorothy Lane Mkt., 6177 Far Hills Ave., Wash. Twp. Wednesdays, noon: Talmud Study w. Rabbi Bogosian. Saturdays, 9:30 a.m.: Weekly Torah Portion w. Rabbi Bogosian. 130 Riverside Dr., Dayton. 4960050.


Temple Israel Ryterband Brunch Series: Sun., April 10, 9:45 a.m.-noon. Rabbi Dr. Jan Katzew, HUC-JIR, Jewish Responses to Nostra Aetate. 130 Riverside Dr., Dayton. 496-0050.


PJ Library Passover Palooza: Mon., April 4, 5:30-7:30 p.m. For preschool-age children and their families. Reading of The Little Red Hen and the Passover Matzah, activities, kosher dinner. Boonshoft CJCE, 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville. Free. R.S.V.P. to Caryl Segalewitz, 401-1558.


BBYO Informational Meeting: Wed., April 6, 6-7:30 p.m. For parents and teens. 105 Sugar

Camp Cir., Oakwood. For info. call 610-1555.


Chabad Rosh Chodesh Society Jewish Learning Institute: Fashion Design. Sun., April 10, 9:45 a.m. 2001 Far Hills Ave., Oakwood. $15. 643-0770.


JFS Yiddish Club: Sun., April 10, 1:30 p.m. Starbucks, 2424 Far Hills Ave., Oakwood. Topic: Yiddish Agricultural Communities in Argentina. R.S.V.P. to Dr. Judy Woll, 470-0113. JFS Active Adults Dine Around: Thurs., April 14, 5 p.m. Thai 9, 11 Brown St, Dayton (Prior to JCC Film Fest showing of Apples in the Desert, 7:15 p.m. at the Neon). R.S.V.P. by April 7 to Karen Steiger, 610-1555. JFS Active Adults Tour of ABC22 WKEF: Mon., April 18, 1 p.m. 2245 Corporate Place, Miamisburg. Free. R.S.V.P. by April 11 to Karen Steiger, 6101555.

JCC Film Fest

For complete schedule, see Page 14.

Community Events

Hadassah Nosh & Silent Auction: w. OSU MeshugaNotes. Sun., April 3, 2-4 p.m. Boonshoft CJCE, 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville. $18 in advance, $25 at door. R.S.V.P. to 275-0227. Women of the Wall Exec. Dir. Lesley Sachs at Temple Israel: Was It A Win? Implications of the Knesset Decision. Wed., April 13, 7 p.m. 130 Riverside Dr., Dayton. Free. 496-0050. Hillel Academy School Musical: Pirates, Pulleys, & Poems. Thurs., April 14, 6:30 p.m. 305 Sugar Camp Cir., Oakwood. 277-8966. Beth Jacob Congregation Rabbi in Residence Weekend: w. Rabbi Adam Rosenthal. Fri., April 15, 6:15 p.m. service, 7:30 p.m. dinner. Sat., April 16, 9:30 a.m. services followed by noon kiddush lunch and afternoon learning session. R.S.V.P. for dinner, $18 adults, $9 children. 7020 N. Main St., Harrison Twp. 274-2149. Scout Shabbat: Fri., April 15, 7:30 p.m. Temple Israel ,130 Riverside Dr., Dayton. For info., call Scott Segalewitz, 885-6868.

Violinist Yevgeny Kutik at Temple Sholom: Hors d’oeuvres & wine reception, stories & music. Wed., April 20, 5 p.m. 2424 N. Limestone St., Springfield. Free, limit 100 guests. R.S.V.P. to Temple Sholom, 937-399-1231.


Chabad Passover Seder: Fri., April 22, 7:30 p.m. 2001 Far Hills Ave., Oakwood. For details & to R.S.V.P., call Rabbi Levi Simon, 643-0770 ext. 1. Temple Beth Or Freedom Experience & Passover Seder: Sat., April 23. 4:30-6 p.m.: Interactive Passover Experience, matzah pyramid building. 6 p.m.: Seder menu by Bernstein’s Fine Catering, w. vegetarian option. Members: $23 adults, $9 children (3-12). Non-members: $32 adults, $12 children. 5275 Marshall Rd., Wash. Twp. R.S.V.P. by April 14 at Temple Israel Passover Second Seder: Sat., April 23, 6 p.m. Catered by Christopher’s Restaurant, w. vegetarian option available. $30 adults, $15 children (4-10). R.S.V.P. by April 14 at or call 4960050.

Welcome Home They say home is where the heart is. You’ll find a lot of heart at Cedar Village. We have beautiful apartments ready for your finishing touches. Our kosher kitchen serves your traditional favorites. And most importantly, you’ll find a sense of community—a neighborhood under one roof. Come make yourself at home at Cedar Village. Call today to schedule a tour.

5467 Cedar Village Drive Mason, OH 45040 513.754.3100




DI NN E R 201 6

Sunday, May 15 @ Boonshoft CJCE 5PM Reception Complimentary Beer, Wine, & Full Bar

6PM Seated Dinner Catering by Elite Catering Dietary Laws Observed.



Tickets on sale at on April 1 or RSVP to Alisa Thomas at 610-1796.

Randi shares her personal story of Silicon Valley success while seeking the meaning of her Jewish roots as a young Jewish professional. An ardent supporter of Birthright and Israel’s development as a booming tech hub, Randi carries an inspirational message for our Jewish community. She urges each of us to discover our Jewish passions and to build for the next generation.

Seating is limited. For more information contact Caryl Segalewitz at




CONGREGATIONS Beth Abraham Synagogue Conservative Rabbi Joshua Ginsberg Cantor/Dir. of Ed. & Programming Andrea Raizen Monday through Friday 6:50 a.m. & 5:30 p.m. Fri., 5:30 p.m. Sat. 9 a.m. Sundays at 8:30 a.m. 305 Sugar Camp Circle, Oakwood. 293-9520. Beth Jacob Congregation Traditional Rabbi in Residence Adam Rosenthal Saturdays 9:30 a.m., Sundays 8 a.m., Sunday through Friday, 7 p.m. 7020 N. Main St., Dayton. 274-2149. Temple Anshe Emeth Reform Sat., April 9, 10 a.m. Rabbinic Intern Tina Sobo. 320 Caldwell St., Piqua. Call Eileen Litchfield, 937-5470092, Correspondence address: 3808 Beanblossom Rd., Greenville, OH 45331. Temple Beth Or Reform Rabbi Judy Chessin Educator/Rabbi Ari Ballaban Fridays 7:30 p.m. Kabalat Shabbat 4th Friday, 6 p.m. followed by potluck. Saturdays 10 a.m. 5275 Marshall Rd., Wash. Twp. 435-3400. Temple Beth Sholom Reform Rabbi Haviva Horvitz See Web site for schedule. 610 Gladys Dr., Middletown. 513-422-8313. Temple Israel Reform Interim Rabbi Ilene Bogosian Assoc. Rabbi/Educator Karen Bodney-Halasz 1st & 2nd Fri., 6 p.m. Other Fri., 7:30 p.m. Saturdays 10:30 a.m. 130 Riverside Dr., Dayton. 496-0050. Temple Sholom Reform Fridays 6 p.m. 2424 N. Limestone St., Springfield. 399-1231.

ADDITIONAL SERVICES Chabad of Greater Dayton Rabbi Nochum Mangel Associate Rabbi Shmuel Klatzkin Youth & Prog. Dir. Rabbi Levi Simon, Teen & Young Adult Prog. Dir. Rabbi Hershel Spalter. Beginner educational service Saturdays 9 a.m. adults, 10 a.m children. Sundays 9 a.m. Tuesdays & Wednesdays. 6:45 a.m. 2001 Far Hills Ave. 643-0770. Yellow Springs Havurah Independent Services 1st & 3rd Saturdays, 10-noon. Antioch College Rockford Chapel. Contact Cheryl Levine, 937-767-9293. PAGE 26

we get our freedom.” And By Rabbi Judy Chessin thus at the tender age of 8, Temple Beth Or Bland became a freedom Our feet “prayed” fighter. By the time she as 20 Jews from Daywas 11, she had already ton marched across the been arrested 13 times for famous Edmund Pettus participation in non-violent Bridge in Selma, Ala. This voting rights marches and was just one of many prayer vigils. stops on our Etgar 36 Civil Bland discussed in great Rights Journey in Februdetail how Selma became ary, on which Dayton the battleground for voting high school students rights in the United States. participated with me, She still trembled as she Temple Israel’s Rabbi described the violence on Karen Bodney-Halasz, and Bloody Sunday — March 7, three adult chaperones: 1965 — when state troopSean Frost, Barb Cauper ers and county law enMendoza, and Adrianne forcement officials attacked Miller. unarmed marchers with Etgar 36, an organibilly clubs and tear gas. zation that sponsors After another unsuccesseducational civil rights ful attempt called Turnexcursions throughout the around Tuesday, the Rev. country, led us on a lifeDr. Martin Luther King Jr. changing journey, which Teens on the Temple Beth Or/Temple Israel-led Etgar 36 Civil Rights Journey cross obtained an injunction and was generously subsidized the Edmund Pettus Bridge in Selma, Ala. the marchers were finally by a Jewish Federation of Bland, who lined us up on allowed to cross the bridge Greater Dayton Innovatime she went downtown, on March 21, 1965 guarded by tion Grant, Temple Beth Or, and a tiny, cracked patio behind she would peek through the Brown Chapel African Method- window at the all-white lunch the very police who had atTemple Israel. The overall itinist Episcopal Church. tacked them just days before. counter at Carter’s Drugstore She reminded us that we Bland and her fellow civil and wish that she could spin on were standing in the footsteps rights activists lined up on that the stools and eat ice cream. erary included many sites such of history. From this very spot, One day, Bland’s grandmoth- very patio behind her church. More than 3,000 people began as the Rosa Parks Museum, the Bland and her friends from er said to her, “You’ll be able the walk, traveling 12 miles Civil Rights Memorial Center at SNCC, the Student Nonviolent to do that too one day…when a day, in the rain and the the Southern Poverty Law Cen- Coordination Committee, headed out on their cold, sleeping in fields along ter, Birminghistoric trek over the the way, until they reached ham’s Civil Edmund Pettus Bridge Montgomery four days later. Rights Institute, and on to MontgomBy the time they marched Atlanta’s AIDS ery to demand voting up to the capitol building Memorial Quilt rights which had been in Montgomery, their group Project, and denied to Africanhad grown to 25,000. the Ebenezer Americans. As a result, fewer than five Baptist Church. Bland, whose months later, President LynIn each place, mother had died in a don B. Johnson signed the history came to Selma hospital while Voting Rights Act into law life. awaiting the arrival calling the day “a triumph of But no Rabbi Judy Chessin of “black blood” for freedom as huge as any vicexhibit could a transfusion, didn’t tory that has ever been won possibly convey originally understand on any battlefield.” the power that we felt upon what it meant to fight Another amazing civil meeting living sources: the for freedom. Hadn’t she rights hero we met was inspirational witnesses who learned in the third grade Bishop Calvin Woods Sr., an described their own personal 82-year-old pastor in Birplights and heroism during the that Abraham Lincoln and the Emancipation Proclamingham. 1960s civil rights battles in our mation had already freed A diminutive elderly nation’s deep South. gentleman, he surprised us In Selma, Ala., we met Joanne the slaves? And yet, every Bishop Calvin Woods Sr., Birmingham, Ala. with his mighty passion and sonorous voice. The bishop described how segregation had Candle Lightings permeated everything in Birmingham. Even in the courts of Shabbat, April 1: 7:43 p.m. justice, wherein witnesses were Shabbat, April 8: 7:50 p.m. sworn in on the Holy Bible, there was one Bible for white Shabbat, April 15: 7:57 p.m. Torah Portions witnesses and another Bible for Shabbat, Erev Pesach April 2/23 Adar II black witnesses. April 22: 8:04 p.m. Shemini (Lev. 9:1-11:47, Woods worked with Baptist Pesach Num. 19:1-22) First Eve Pesach Minister Fred Shuttlesworth, Passover April 23: 9:06 p.m. one of Birmingham’s most April 9/1 Nisan April 23-30 • 15-22 Nisan prominent civil rights activists, Tazria (Lev. 12:1-13:59, Num. Seventh Eve Pesach Eight-day festival celebrating to organize non-violent Bir28:9-15, Ex. 12:1-20) April 28: 8:10 p.m. the Exodus of the Israelites mingham protests against racial from Egypt. Leavened bread Shabbat, Eighth Eve Pesach April 16/8 Nisan segregation and injustice. April 29: 8:11 p.m. products are not eaten. Metzora (Lev. 14:1-15:33) Participating in these protests

The fight for freedom continues



Adar II/Nisan


RELIGION to capitulate. The were hundreds of exodus began, but is children, some as far from having been young as 6 years old. completed.” Thousands were These words arrested and the impressed King marches persisted profoundly and he for several days. The and Heschel became Birmingham police fast friends, so much commissioner, Euso that the reverend gene “Bull” Connor, had been planning ordered the use of to attend the rabbi’s fire hoses and attack family Passover dogs to suppress Seder on April 12, the protests. When 1968. Tragically, King images of children never made it to that knocked unconFreedom’s Feast. He scious by fire hoses, was brutally assastrampled and bitten sinated eight days by snarling dogs hit before Pesach, on the media, many April 4, 1968. Americans were This year, as we startled out of their gather around our apathy toward civil Seder tables and conrights issues. demn the bondage As we stood on of slavery, I know the Kelly Ingram that at least 20 Jews Park’s Freedom Walk, we again Trip participants met activist Joanne Bland at Brown Chapel from Dayton will do so with renewed marched in the African Methodist Episcopal Church in Selma, Ala. passion and insight. footsteps of those the journey saying, “Even When we sing Let my People Go, brave men, women, and chilit will have fresh resonance as dren. And even though we only without words our march was worship. I felt my legs were we reflect upon this new, more passed by sculptures of fire contemporary freedom journey hoses aimed at us and through praying.” Dr. King and Rabbi Heschel that we have undertaken. statues of snarling angry dogs met in January 1963 at the NaThe fight for freedom is as lunging at us, it was nonetheless frightening. We could only tional Conference of Christians old as our people and as new as and Jews Conference on Reliour nation. It is not just an anguess at the terror and despair gion and Race. cient clarion call of the marchers. There, Rabbi from generations Woods reminded us not to Heschel propast, it is likebecome complacent, for the wise an abiding battle is far from over. His hyp- claimed: “At the first conference commandment notizing call made us answer on religion and and commitment as one, even as he had rallied race, the main for us in our own those young protesters half a day. May we century ago: “What y’all want?” participants were Pharaoh and Mohonor the promFreedom! “When y’all want ses. Moses’ words ises we made it?” Now! “How much y’all were, ‘Thus says to the heroes want?” All of it! the Lord, the we met along While these historic events God of Israel, let My people go our journey. This year, may occurred a half century ago, we do our small share for the their message resonates among that they may celebrate a feast civil rights of all humanity so us today. Our teens were quick to Me.’…The outcome of that summit meeting has not come that we can together raise our to equate these civil rights to an end. Pharaoh is not ready voices: “We shall overcome!” struggles with the inequities they see now: from gay rights to voter suppression, from sexual identity and gender equality issues to the battle for religious tolerance, from immigration concerns to the unrelenting racial inequities that persist in our nation to this day. Our youngsters took Joanne Bland’s warnings to heart, “You’re the ones The Observer is happy to offer who have to make this world you a FREE announcement, better for your babies. No one else is going to do it for you! including a photo, in our June Will you promise me, you’ll do graduation issue. it?” And they did. In this Jewish season of FreeTo receive a form for this dom, we recall that marching free announcement, contact alongside the Rev. Dr. Martin Karen Steiger at 610-1555 or Luther King Jr. from Selma to Montgomery, was Rabbi AbraAll forms must be received by May 6. ham Joshua Heschel. It was Heschel who famously described

May we honor the promises we made to the heroes we met along our journey.

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3 items that say Passover: Which do you choose? 

      

     

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                


For now, the item-by-item contents By Edmon J. Rodman, JTA of this “highly designed” box remain LOS ANGELES — Can the essence of Passover fit into a box? Fans of Manisch- known only to the Kitchen. However, speaking about the box’s mix of food, ewitz and Streit’s will undoubtedly ritual object and text, Schlesinger says answer, “Yes, in a matzah box.” he hopes the food will provide an entry But a successful Kickstarter campaign point to the Jewish content, and the Jewcalled Hello Mazel aims to reinvent that ish content will provide a “framework in box, promising a package filled with which to understand why the foods are Passover-related “Jewish awesomeness” relevant.” that will be delivered to your door (or Schlesinger said one question driving someone else’s). the project was: “How do we get Torah The project was a smash on Kickstarter, to the tune of more than $152,021 with to more people and into more people’s hands?” 1,395 backers. Investors who pledged As an answer, The Kitchen’s crew crea minimum of $45 will receive a box in ated a Haggadah, a prototype of which April containing “three twists on the tastes of Passover, a Haggadah like none Schlesinger and others successfully tested at their own Seders last year. you’ve ever used, and a Seder plate that “We reinvented and re-engineered a is not a Seder plate,” says the enigmatic way of telling the Passover story, which pitch. is what the Seder and Haggadah are Thinking inside the box, I wondered meant to do,” he said. what would go into a box of my own The Haggadah could serve as either a creation. Perhaps a jar filled with the supplement or a replacement, Schlesingessence of full-strength bitter herbs to er added. revive them to the “For a Seder awe of liberation? newbie it certainly Also a Seder clock; would be an apone that doesn’t propriate first-level mark the time but Haggadah-like exrather the steps of perience,” he said. the Seder, so that As for the Seder people who had plate, its design wandered off could has them reaching find their place. creatively, looking Also, something to for a way to present clean wine stains something that is from my shirt — “heavy, expensive that alone would be and beautiful” in worth 45 bucks. a box that’s 10-XI already have plenty of packaged Investors who pledged a minimum of $45 will 12-X-4 inches. receive a Hello Mazel box containing ‘three I began to Passover foods that twists on the tastes of Passover’ picture how a new twist my insides, form might add difference to this night a box of Haggadahs I only use once a year and so many Seder plates we have a of distinctions. Would it be in the form “discussion” each Passover on which one of a hand? Would it come like a jigsaw to use. So I was curious about what Hello puzzle for those seated at the table to Mazel was really offering. Was it a Jewish solve? The food items, Schlesinger says, are take on the trendy subscription boxes of “kosher style,” so he acknowledges the artisanal what-have-you? Or was this a box “is not going to be for everyone.” He box that could also feed the soul? hopes the box will create “some inspiraMost of all, I wondered: What could a tion.” box filled with Passover stuff do to actuYet I still wondered how even a ally bring Jews together? brilliant new Haggadah could hold To get a better understanding of the everyone’s interest — especially that of Hello Mazel’s Passover box — one of four promised packages that Hello Mazel a generation used to doing practically plans to deliver this year — I spoke with everything online. Schlesinger responded that Judaism Yoav Schlesinger, executive director of — contrary to recent attempts to project The Kitchen, the San Francisco-based, rabbinically-led spiritual community that it into virtual communities — has always been about the senses, the “tactile” expeis putting the project together. rience of “touch, feel and taste.” The Kitchen, which describes itself as “What is a moment we can share?” he “a religious startup,” says on its web site asked. “Not just a digital space;” how that Judaism is about “provoking awe do we “recapture the experiential moand purpose.” ment?” To that end, they had to “rethink Opening a box — whether filled with what might go in a box of Jewish stuff,” objects from Hello Mazel or from our Schlesinger explained. As a goal, they wanted something that was “unexpected own imaginations — might just be the way. and inspirational,” he said. THE DAYTON JEWISH OBSERVER • APRIL 2016

FOOD Chef and bestselling author Paula Shoyer returns to with recommendations that she guarantees will match the Passover culinary tradition while enlivening your Seder. A former attorney, Shoyer graduated from the Ritz Escoffier pastry program in Paris, and now teaches French and Jewish baking classes across the country and around the world. She is the author of The Kosher Baker: Over 160 Dairy-Free Recipes from Traditional to Trendy, The Holiday Kosher Baker, and The New Passover Menu. Shoyer is a contributing editor to kosher websites including and, and magazines such as Joy of Kosher, Whisk, and Hadassah. She also writes for The Washington Post and at her own website, All recipes here are courtesy of Shoyer’s book, The New Passover Menu. Seder Plate Salad Servings: Six Prep Time: 10 minutes Cook Time: 10 minutes Advance prep: dressing and lamb may be made two days in advance Equipment: cutting board, knives, measuring cups and spoons, small saucepan, tongs, small bowl, whisk, large serving bowl This is Paula Shoyer’s version of a French niçoise salad with lamb instead of tuna. It contains the ritual components of the Seder plate and table. The dressing is made from kosher sweet wine and maror (the bitter herb, in this case, white horseradish), creating a creamy pink dressing. This salad also makes a nice lunch or light dinner during chol hamoed, the intermediate days of Passover.

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2 apples (Red Delicious, Fuji, or Gala), cored and cut into 3/4-inch cubes 3 large eggs, hard-boiled and quartered Ingredients for the dressing: 1/2 cup mayonnaise 4 tsp. jarred white horseradish 1 Tbsp. sugar 2 Tbsp. sweet kosher wine Salt and black pepper

Directions: 1. Preheat oven to broil or an outdoor grill to medium-high heat. 2. To make the Ingredients for the Paula Shoyer lamb: Rub the lamb salad: shoulder pieces with oil and 2 pieces of lamb shoulder sprinkle with salt and pepper (about 20 oz.) to taste. Broil or grill for four 2 tsp. extra virgin olive oil to five minutes per side for Salt and black pepper 1 large head romaine lettuce, medium rare, or until desired doneness. Let cool for five cut into 2-inch pieces minutes and, if serving immedi2 stalks celery, thinly sliced ately, slice into thin, 2-inch-long 1 cup loosely packed fresh pieces. parsley leaves, roughly If making in advance, wait to chopped slice the lamb until after reheat1/3 cup walnut halves, ing. The lamb may be roasted roughly chopped into 1/2two days in advance; cover and inch pieces

store in the fridge. 3. To make the salad dressing: In a small bowl, whisk the mayonnaise, white horseradish, sugar, and wine until well combined. Add salt and pepper to taste. The dressing may be made two days in advance; cover and store in the fridge. 4. To assemble the salad: Place the romaine pieces in a large bowl. Add the celery and parsley and toss to combine. Sprinkle the walnuts and apples on top and arrange the egg quarters around the perimeter of the bowl. Scatter the lamb pieces on top. To serve, scoop some of everything onto each plate and drizzle with the dressing. Seared Tuna with Olives and Capers Servings: Four to six Prep time: 10 minutes Cook time: six to eight minutes Advance prep: may be made one day in advance Equipment: measuring cups and spoons, cutting board, knives, large frying pan, silicone spatula Paula’s family consumes a lot of sushi, so everyone is thrilled Continued on next page

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when she has seared tuna on the menu at her house. It is the quickest main dish to prepare if you, like her children, enjoy fresh tuna pretty raw; it cooks in minutes. The olive and caper relish has strong flavors, so she often serves it on the side. Several companies certify capers for Passover, but if you cannot find them, substitute green olives. Ingredients: 4 tuna steaks (6 oz. each) 1/2 tsp. dried basil 1/2 tsp. dried thyme Black pepper 3 Tbsp. extra virgin olive oil 3 Tbsp. chopped red onion, cut into 1/4-inch pieces 4 cloves garlic, chopped into 1/4-inch pieces 3 Tbsp. capers, drained, or green olives, cut into 1/4inch pieces 1/3 cup green or black olives (or a combination), cut into long slivers 1/2 tsp. sugar

mixer, 8-inch round tart pan (with or without a removable bottom) or pie pan, medium bowl, 2 cookie sheets, silicone spatula, rolling pin, knife or pastry wheel, long knife or metal spatula, pastry brush or hands to glaze top of dough with egg white. You can make this dessert with any flavor jam you like. Paula suggests spreading red jam on half of the crust and apricot jam on the other half. She uses a pastry cutter — a small fluted wheel on a handle — to cut the dough strips to achieve a ridged look, but you can use a knife instead. The crust requires three cups of three different kinds of ground nuts; if you do not have enough of one type, you can substitute another.

a 1/3-inch-thick crust on the sides. It’s easiest to press the dough with your fingers into the sides and corners of the pan first and then press the palm of your hand into the bottom of the pan to help cover it with dough. Take a little extra dough from the bowl if needed to cover the bottom. Place the pan in the freezer. 4. Add the confectioners’ sugar to the smaller piece of dough in the bowl and mix it in; the easiest way is to use your hands. Shape the dough into a ball and flatten it. Do not worry if the dough is crumbly. Wrap the dough in plastic and place it in the freezer for 45 minutes. To make the tart:

1. Preheat the oven to 375 degrees. 2. Remove the tart pan from the freezer and place it on top of a cookie sheet. Bake for 10 to 15 minutes or until the crust just starts to color. 3. Remove the pan from the oven, slide the parchment and tart pan off the cookie sheet and let it cool for five minutes, or until the dough in the freezer is ready to be rolled out. Directions: 4. Sprinkle a piece of parch1. Sprinkle both sides of ment paper with some confecthe tuna steaks with the basil, tioners’ sugar. Place the dough thyme, and pepper to taste. Passover-friendly Linzer Tart on top of the paper, sprinkle Heat a large frying pan over with more sugar, and cover it high heat (do not add any oil). with another piece of parchIngredients: When the pan is hot, add the ment paper. With a rolling pin, 1/2 cup margarine tuna steaks and cook for one to roll the parchment-covered 11/2 cups ground almonds one-and-a-half minutes on each dough into a 1/3-inch-thick side, just long enough to sear 1 cup ground walnuts rectangle. Use a knife or pastry the outside. Leave the center 1/2 cup ground hazelnuts wheel to cut the dough into raw, unless you prefer tuna (with or without skins) eight 1-inch strips. Slide the cooked all the way through. 1/2 cup potato starch parchment onto a cookie sheet 2. Remove the tuna steaks to 1/4 cup granulated sugar, and freeze the strips for 10 a plate. Reduce the heat to meplus 11/2 tsp. for sprinkling minutes. dium and add the oil. Add the on top 5. Use silicon spatula to red onion and garlic and cook 1/2 cup confectioners’ sugar, spread the jam evenly over the for two minutes, stirring often. plus extra for dusting bottom of the crust. Add the capers, olives, sugar, 1 cup raspberry, apricot, or 6. Remove the dough strips and pepper to taste, and cook your favorite jam for one minute. Remove the pan 1 large egg white, beaten, for from the freezer and use a long metal spatula or large knife to from the heat. glazing lift and place the strips across 3. Place the tuna steaks on the top of the jam-filled crust a cutting board and slice into To make the crust: to create a lattice. Do not try to 1/3- to 1/2-inch-thick slices. bend the strips back to make a Place the slices on a platter and 1. In a large bowl with an perfect over-and-under lattice. sprinkle the caper and olive electric mixer on high speed, Instead, place half the strips mixture on top, or serve it beat the margarine until soft, in one direction, an inch apart, alongside in a small bowl. scraping down the sides of the bowl with a silicon spatula once and then lay the others across them in the other direction. Linzer Tart (gluten-free) or twice. Trim the ends of the dough Servings: eight to 12 2. Add the ground almonds, and press them into the border Prep Time: 15 minutes; chill walnuts, and hazelnuts along of the bottom crust. Brush the dough 45 minutes; 10 minutes with the potato starch and to chill lattice strips granulated sugar and mix. Sep- strips with the beaten egg white and sprinkle with the remainBake Time: 10–15 minutes for arate a little more than half the ing one-and-a-half teaspoons crust, 35–40 minutes for tart dough and put it into your tart Advance Prep: may be made or pie pan. Leave the remaining granulated sugar. 7. Bake for 35 to 40 minutes, four days in advance and stored dough in the bowl. or until the jam is bubbling and covered at room temperature 3. Use your hands to press the crust is golden brown. Serve Equipment: measuring cups the dough into the bottom of warm or at room temperature. and spoons, large bowl, electric the pan to cover it and create THE DAYTON JEWISH OBSERVER • APRIL 2016

FOOD Mark H. Anbinder

By Alina Dain Sharon In the 1930s, Rabbi Tobias Geffen of Atlanta began to investigate the hidden ingredients inside mass-produced foods and to evaluate whether those ingredients conflicted with kosher laws. He then set a precedent by convincing The Coca-Cola Company to make a kosher-for-Passover version of its soft drink, convincing the company to replace the grain alcohol used in the processing of its drink with alcohol derived from molasses. Geffen’s achievement was a response to the fact that in the 1920s, “Coke became an incredibly popular beverage in America,” and “Jews adopted a custom of making it available to children during the Passover Seder in lieu of wine,” explained historian Roger Horowitz, whose book, Kosher A kosher-for-Passover bottle of Coca-Cola, distinguished from ordinary USA: How Coke Became Kosher Coca-Cola bottles by its yellow cap and Other Tales of Modern Food, will be published by Columbia viewed foods as they existed at pervision. Another food that ilUniversity Press in April. lustrates this situation is quinoa, the time. The fact that CocaThis step by Coca-Cola stood Cola chose to make a distinct a type of grain that was only in out at a time when few mainversion of its drink for Passover, recent years certified by the OU stream food manufacturers were was a big exception. as both kosher and kosher for making kosher-for-Passover Passover. Rabbi Moshe Elefant, CEO products. “One of the staples of the koof OU’s kosher-certifying arm, “Coke was an enormous con- said that subsequently, the OU sher diet now is sushi,” Elefant sumer product in the 1930s, and began to certify Coke for Passsaid. “But there’s a problem jealously guarded its formula,” over around 1989-1990, after the with sushi on Passover because Horowitz said. Much of the company removed high fructose sushi is made with rice, and company’s decision, he exJews of Ashkenazi descent don’t corn syrup from its Passover plained, rested on its confidence drink and replaced it with eat rice on Passover. How are in Geffen that he sugar. These bottles you going to survive eight to would not reveal nine days without sushi? You are known today ‘How are the drink’s secret make it with quinoa.” for their distinct ingredients, and After numerous public yellow caps. you going to the episode was requests for the OU to certify When the OU survive eight certifies a product quinoa, rabbis needed to make “an enormous asset in persuad- to nine days as generally kosher, their decision based on ancient ing other conventexts and rules that were writit is typically suftional food firms without sushi? ficient for rabbiniten in times and places where to secure kosher quinoa was not available. cal supervisors to You make it certification.” “After much deliberation make occasional with quinoa.’ Geffen pervisits to a company and discussion, we determined sonally issued a that quinoa is not part of that to make sure that kosher-for-Passover certification the product is being produced legume family,” Elefant exon Coke, eventually passing the in accordance with kosher stan- plained. “Then we sent a rabbi baton to another rabbi. Meanto the mountains of Peru, where dards. while, the founder of the Orthoquinoa grows and is packaged,” dox Union (OU) and its kosher- Certification for quinoa where he needed to see if “the certification labeling, Abraham quinoa is packaged or proWhen it comes to Passover, Goldstein, was another figure cessed in the same machinery however, making a product dedicated to the science of figur- that is kosher for the holiday or equipment as non-kosher ing out what’s inside foods and requires full-time rabbinical su- Continued on next page whether those ingredients are acceptable for Passover as well The Law Office of as for kosher-observant consumption year-round. He was particularly interested in ice cream, surveying 222-5335 • its manufacturers to determine P.O. Box 1423, Dayton, Ohio 45401 what they were putting inside 11230 Cornell Park Dr., Cincinnati, Ohio 45242 their products, and ultimately Criminal Defense • DUI Happy Passover to the Jews decided that Breyers ice cream, Personal Injury • Wills of Dayton, Cincinnati, for instance, was acceptable to Juvenille Cases Azerbaijan, Macedonia, & Israel. Traffic Offenses eat during Passover. SUPPORT ISRAEL Domestic Relations/Divorce But Goldstein simply re-

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Continued from previous page for Passover products, (which) would for lack of a better word contaminate the quinoa.” As a result, once a year, producers of kosher-for-Passover quinoa make a certain amount of quinoa specifically for Passover. It is labeled “OUP,” with full rabbinical supervision of the production process. Then the rabbis go home, and return for the next production round. Today, many food ingredients, as well as the final food products, are made far away from the grocery shelves, particularly in the Far East, Elefant said. The OU has a presence in 80 countries. In addition, “the equipment used to manufacture food is all obviously new equipment that didn’t exist in the time of the Talmud,” he said. In the current era of mass food production, the OU has

needed to find out how to make production equipment kosher without the guidance of original source material with instructions on the issue.

Production expertise

Contemporary rabbis need to be “extremely knowledgeable in understanding the machinery that manufactures food,” and in knowing how to conduct the koshering process without breaking “a piece of equipment that costs millions of dollars,” Elefant said. One issue that comes up with regard to Passover and food, according to Roger Horowitz, involves oils that are permitted for use during the holiday. For instance, those in the Orthodox Ashkenazi world, who don’t eat legumes on Passover, are prohibited from eating corn and derivates such as corn oil. Rabbis must figure out how to control the oil while it is being shipped in trucks across long distances in order to make sure the oil is not contaminated. All tankers need to be washed

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and sealed by rabbis before they ever, can only be consumed on Passover if the decaffeination can be reloaded, and any holdprocess does not involve an ing tanks must also be monitored by rabbis. Then, inside the alcohol made out of grains or corn. Brands that the OU deems factories, sophisticated control appropriate for Passover insystems are also in place. clude Nescafe’s Taster’s Choice “You have to embed kosher requirements into the very food and Folgers. “We had to review the entire system, and what’s remarkable decaffeination process to make is how successful Orthodox sure there’s no isJews have been in An sue,” Elefant said, embedding those noting that in these requirements in our estimated cases, the products industrial food syswere deemed approtem,” Horowitz said. 70 percent priate for the Jewish Elefant cited of all U.S. as they are. another example of a Jews attend holiday But in the case product the OU has of Bosco chocolate certified for Passover: at least one syrup, which has canned tuna. Passover also been labeled “Over the years, OUP, a separate verwe have made (spe- Seder. sion of the syrup is cialized Passover) made for Passover. runs of tuna for Chicken of the Sea, Bumble Bee, etc.,” he said. Dollars and sense “The tuna fish itself as a fish Statistics compiled by Lubiis inherently kosher for Passcom Marketing Consulting (an over. But all the other ingreagency working with kosher dients to make the tuna, (like) food producers) for last year’s the vegetable broth that they Kosherfest trade show revealed sometimes put into the tuna… the production of 600 new prodare not necessarily kosher for ucts for Passover, and that 40 Passover,” Elefant added. percent of annual kosher food As another example, coffee sales came during the roughly doesn’t always require an OUP label to be considered kosher for month-long period including and surrounding Passover. Passover. The OU also recomPassover is the “most widely mends one-ingredient foods observed holiday on the Jewish that are considered kosher for calendar,” said Lubicom PresiPassover without requiring dent Menachem Lubinsky; an the foods to be labeled with an estimated 70 percent of all U.S. OUP. Jews attend at least one PassDecaffeinated coffee, howover Seder. Lubinsky added that making special Passover runs of products does not stop at food. Aluminum foil companies producing kosher-for-Passover foil “have to use cleaning agents Order Your that are (suitable) for Passover,”

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Lubinsky said. “They do a special run and they have an OUP on them. The amount of those products that is consumed for Passover is enormous…(and) it’s good business (for the company to produce them).” On the marketing side, Lubinsky sees a growth in the advertising of kosher-for-Passover products. “You see a lot of supermarket ads that highlight Passover specials. There are also a lot of online apps with Passover products. I see technology being used in a big way,” he said. When a mainstream, nonJewish company approaches Lubicom with an interest in marketing a special kosher-forPassover version of its product, Lubinsky first determines if the product is unique, and if it is, he suggests that the company “be very user-friendly in teaching consumers how to use the product,” through recipes, meal ideas, and tie-ins with other products that are also kosher for Passover. As for Coca-Cola, when it removed high fructose corn syrup from its ingredients in 1990, it did so in response to Passover consumers’ demand. But in more recent years, Elefant noted, consumers “are actually trying to stay away from high fructose corn syrup” for health reasons, prompting a growing number of food producers to remove the substance from many products and use natural sugars or fruit sugars as substitutes. This makes such products easier to certify as kosher for Passover. In the end, Elefant said, “it always boils down to dollars and cents.”


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Don’t pass over holiday laughs Passover humor? Is this Question: What is a cheder, a some kind of joke? Actually, seder, and a tater? ( Although Passover is more joke4) associated with maror (bitter herbs) than mirth, let’s look at The Four Questions (rethe lighter side of the holiday of vised): liberation. I. Can we eat? And what do we talk about II. Do we eat now? when we talk about Jewish III. When do we eat? humor? Food, of course. IV. Will we ever eat? ( pasjoke7)

Mark Mietkiewicz David Bader has taken great strides in simplifying our religion with his Yo-Yo Diet Guide to the Jewish Holidays. He divides the Jewish holy days between those on which we must starve and on which we must eat: • Rosh Hashanah — Feast • Tzom Gedalia — Fast • Yom Kippur — More fasting • Sukkot — Feast • Hoshanah Rabbah — More feasting • Simchat Torah — Keep feasting • Purim — Eat pastry • Passover — Do not eat pastry ( That may sound concise but another wit has condensed Judaism even tighter in the Short Summary of Every Jewish Holiday, certainly applicable to Passover: They tried to kill us... We won... Let’s eat! ( Do you think you know everything about Passover? Then try the Passover Quiz. Here’s a sample question from a huge humor site: On Seder night, we are supposed to drink wine until... (a) Uncle Irving’s jokes sound new to you (b) you can no longer tell the difference between Pharaoh and Moses (c) you don’t miss bread (bit. ly/pasjoke3) Another on the riddle front: Question: Who was the best businesswoman in the Bible? Answer: Pharaoh’s daughter — she pulled a profit out of the water. ( Or how about a round of Passover Jeopardy (in which you get the answer and try to figure out the question)? Answer: A classroom, a Passover ceremony, and a latke.

Richard Lederer compiled these Biblical Bloopers — actual mistakes made by little scholars from around the world. Try reading these at your Seder and see who spots the errors first: “Pharaoh forced the Hebrew slaves to make beds without straw. Moses led the Hebrews to the Red Sea, where they made unleavened bread, which is bread made without any ingredients. The Egyptians were all drowned in the dessert. Afterwards, Moses went up on Mount Cyanide to get the Ten Amendments. The First Commandment was when Eve told Adam to eat the apple. The Fifth Commandment is humor thy father and mother. The Seventh Commandment is thou shalt not admit adultery. Moses ate nothing but whales and manner for 40 years. Moses died before he ever reached Canada.” ( But we shouldn’t be too hard on the kids, really. Especially when you watch this excerpt from the British game show, Are You Smarter than a 10-year old? In this particular episode, adult contestant Sarah is asked, “What is the name of the flat unleavened bread Jews eat on Passover?” Unable to answer, Sarah elicits the help of 10-year-old Lisa who writes the answer, matzah, in both English and Hebrew (albeit with a small spelling mistake). I highly recommend watch-

ing this clip as Sarah wrestles with her doubts about Lisa’s response even after her young helper pleads, “I’m Jewish.” ( And finally, this from the Truth is Funnier than Fiction Department. Back in 2003, Nabil Hilmy, dean of the faculty of law at Egypt’s Zagazig University, reportedly told Al-Ahram newspaper that if the story of the Exodus is to be believed, Jews fleeing Egypt “stole from the Pharaonic Egyptians gold, jewelry, cooking utensils, silver ornaments, clothing, and more, leaving Egypt in the middle of the night with all this wealth, which today is priceless.” (bit. ly/pasjoke10). Calling the alleged heist the “greatest fraud history has ever known,” Hilmy said that he and a number of Egyptian jurists will sue “the Jews of the world” for these lost treasures, the value of which Hilmy estimates in the trillions of dollars. ( Was Hilmy’s a lone, litigious voice in the wilderness? It seems not. Just last year, Egyptian columnist Ahmad AlGamal, who writes for the daily Al-Yawm Al-Sabi’, advocated suing Israel not only for those treasures but “compensation for the (Ten) Plagues that were inflicted upon (us) as a result of the curses that the Jews’ ancient forefathers (cast) upon our ancient forefathers.”( pasjoke12).” If this ever gets to court, we’ll have interesting company. AlGamal also has a legal bone to pick with the Turks for the Ottoman occupation, the French for the Napoleonic invasion, and the British for colonialism. No joke.

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Mah nishtanah - the Seder’s questions As the holiday of Pesach approaches, Jews around the world will prepare for their Seders. The Seder ritual is celebrated on the evening of

Dr. Rachel Zohar Dulin the 14th of Nisan (and the 15th outside of Israel) on the Jewish calendar to commemorate in lore, songs and prayers the Exodus from Egypt and the blessings of freedom.

The Seder ritual follows an old tradition mentioned in the Mishnah (P’sachim 10) and its recitation is triggered by a set of questions presented to the elders of the household by the young. These questions are known as kushiyot (kashes in Yiddish). The post-biblical Hebrew word kushiya, literally a difficult problem (P’sachim 116a), is derived from the verb kasheh meaning difficult, hard, and severe. Thus the kushiyot are not simple questions; rather they are meant to be catalysts to raise and stir conversation to explain difficult issues. Originally only three kushiyot were asked to begin the Seder, and they focused on the nature of the meal: they questioned the custom of eating matzah, the reason for dipping the appetizer twice, and the rationale for eating bitter herbs. The forth kushiya was added during the Middle Ages and questioned the setting and the comfort level of the participants.

? ? ??

meaning to the kushiyot and with it a new tenor to the recitation of the Haggadah. There are a few phrases in Hebrew based on the root shn-h we should note. Meshaneh makom meshaneh mazal means “a change (meshaneh) in location brings a change in luck.” The Four Kushiyot are also The wise rabbinic advice ein known as the Mah Nishtameshanim miminhag hamedinah nah, because they begin with means, the custom of the land the wording, mah nishtanah should not be altered. In other ha laylah hazeh mikol haleylot? words, one should adjust to the The customary translation of custom of the land in order to this sentence is, “How does be a part of the society where this night differ from all other one lives (Tosefta Baba Metziah nights?” But this translation is 5:6). not completely accurate. So, as we sit at the table and The key word nishtanah is listen to children asking the derived from the root sh-n-h Mah Nishtanah, we should meaning change or become different. Since the verb appears recall that their Four Kushiyot here in the past tense, it should echoed yearly at the Seder lead us into the journey of history be read, “how this night” — nishtanah — “became different” and the reaffirmation of our faith. from all other nights? In other words, it is not merely a statement that this night is different, Dr. Rachel Zohar Dulin is a professor of biblical literature at but is an inquiry as to what Spertus College in Chicago and happened to make this night an adjunct professor of Bible and different? Hebrew at New College of Florida. This reading gives a new

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OBITUARIES Elliot David Burick, age 76, passed away Feb. 25 in Redding, Calif. Mr. Burick was a graduate of Fairview High School in Dayton, University of Wisconsin, and The Ohio State University Law School. He practiced law for 50 years in California. He was preceded in death by his grandparents, Rabbi Samuel and Lillian Burick, Philip and Elizabeth Kravitz, and his parents, Marvin and Janet Burick. Mr. Burick is survived by his son and daughter-in-law Steven Robert and Melissa Burick, granddaughter Allura Burick, all of Murrieta, Calif., sister Dr. Joyce Burick Swarzman of Tampa, Fla., aunt, Dr. Ellen Kravitz of Los Angeles, and numerous cousins. Interment was at Beth Abraham Cemetery. Memorial contributions may be made to Beth Abraham Synagogue in his memory. Barbara Jo (Fromm) Lotney, age 77, of Dayton, died Feb. 25. She was born on Sept. 10, 1938, in Louisville, Ky. She is survived by her husband of 53 years, Kenneth; son, Karlyn Isaac, of San Francisco; sister, Anita Fromm, of Bangkok, Thailand; and countless friends and other family members. She is preceded in death by her parents, Theodor and Rose Fromm. Mrs. Lotney was an exceptionally loving, friendly and warm person. She was a wonderful art teacher in the Dayton Public School system for more than 30 years. Mrs. Lotney was a woman of fantastic humor and enormous compassion. She was a powerful activist and ally for LGBT causes, particularly Parents and Friends of Lesbian & Gays (PFLAG-Dayton), which she cofounded in 1983. Interment was at Riverview Cemetery. Online memories and condolences may be left for the family at A scholarship fund through PFLAG Dayton is being established in Mrs. Lotney’s name, with memorial contributions directed to, or PFLAG Dayton, PO Box 3721, Dayton, OH 45401-3721. Attn.: The Barbara J. Lotney Scholarship Fund. Marc S. Lynn, age 97, of Encinitas, Calif., formerly of Dayton, passed away Feb. 26. Mr. Lynn was a co-founder of Aluminum Materials Inc., was a longtime member of Beth Abraham Synagogue, and was very active with B’nai B’rith and the B’nai B’rith Bowling League throughout the years. He was

preceded in death by his beloved wife, Mildred “Millie,” and son, Howard. Mr. Lynn is survived by his sons and daughters-in-law, David and Eileen Lynn of Dallas, Texas, Barry and Debbie Lynn of San Marcos, Calif.; daughterin-law Ruth Sniderman of Columbus; grandchildren, Melissa (Andy) Pomerantz, Michelle (Steve) Lynn-Sachs, Ashley (Kostas) Kavayiotidis, Zack (Andrea) Lynn, Brittani (Jon) Gurwitt, Annie Lynn and Julie Lynn; eight great-grandchildren; many nieces, nephews, other relatives and friends. Interment was at Beth Abraham Cemetery. Memorial contributions may be made to Seacrest Village, 211 Saxony Rd., Encinitas, CA 92024, Attn. Melanie or online at Sue Phillips, born Barbara Sue Davis on Aug. 2, 1939 deep in the heart of Texas, passed away March 19. She was preceded in death

by her husband of many years, Stanley, her sister Billie (Charles) Huston, and her parents Lucy and Hiram Davis. She is survived by four sons, Steve (Marsha) Jenkins of Columbus and their children, Deanna, Sean and Kyle Ryan; Scott (Lura) Jenkins of Centerville and their sons Christopher and Thomas; Douglas Phillips of Pittsburgh; and Daniel (Sarah) Phillips of Monroe. In life, she enjoyed taking care of her family, reading and participating in book clubs, watching tennis, UD basketball, and Ohio State football, and was proud to have graduated magna cum laude from Wright State University. Interment was in Mt. Pleasant, Texas. The family requests donations be made to The Noble Circle Project.

survived by her loving husband of 46 years, Robert Weiner, her twin daughters, Jessica and Julie Weiner; her brother, Bernard Nadel; brother-in-law Dr. Jerry Weiner; sister-in-law Maida Knox; numerous nieces and nephews. Mrs. Weiner taught kindergarten in the Northmont School District

for more than 30 years, displayed an exceptional work ethic, and left behind many friends and acquaintances. Recently, Mrs. Weiner had been teaching jewelry-making classes at Clayton’s recreation center. Memorial contributions may be made to the charity of your choice.

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Seize The Book

ies generally focus on drawing Law established principles for out the intended meaning of unpacking the text, and later the text rather than expanding rabbinic Judaism incorporated upon it (midrash). them into four broad approachThus, the main methods es known by the acronym of Christian exegesis include Jewish groups regularly meet inclusive meanings of Bible and PaRDeS: pshat (literal), remez typology (seeing the New TestaTorah highlight a central Jewish (implied); derash (homiletic), to explore the Torah through ment in the Old), historicaltenet: the inextricable link beand sod (mystical). traditional commentaries, grammatical analysis, moral Medieval Hellenic and archaeological and sociological tween the biblical narrative and clarification, and thematic Arabic influences introduced information, historical writings, ongoing commentary. development. Surprisingly, even the origin comparative linguistics and and modern interpretations. These approaches offer new philosophy to text analysis, Unfamiliar with this method- of the Torah itself is subject to clarity.” perspectives on scripture withand Kabalah added a mystical ology, many Christians express debate in Jewish commentarConsequently, some Protout straying from the straighties. Traditionalists from as early dimension, each domain with interest in biblical study acestant traditions adhere to forward meaning of the text. as Ezra assert that, “the whole its own set of rules. companied by diverse — even sola scriptura, scripture as the For Judaism, the Bible and It’s no surprise that modern contradictory — commentaries. Torah (and to a certain extent, commentary go hand in hand the subsequent biblical books scientific, historical, and literary supreme authority and arbiter On the other hand, distinctly of Christian faith and practice. as part of a conversation, an and even the rabbinic tradition) analysis have also become part conservative adherents to Other denominations, includ- ongoing struggle to understand is divine,” writes Rabbi David of the Jewish quest to undering Roman Catholicism, view what God expects. Wolpe in the essay, Did God stand the wisdom revealed in the Church as divinely apFor Christianity, the Bible Write the Bible? the Bible. Level Sponsor pointed to work in tandem with alone is the primary source-text On the other hand, more than Platinum Although there is no single Candace R. scripture to identify right belief for faith. Whether or not divine, a thousand years before classiChristian biblical canon, the Bernard & Carole Rabinowitz Philanthropic Fund of the JFGD Kwiatek and practice. the Bible is sacred literature, cal studies and the Enlightenthree primary Christian Bibles CareSource Because scripture is viewed unequivocally central to both ment introduced a scientific today — Protestant, Catholic, Eddie & Susie Katz as clear, comprehensible, and traditions. Carpe Librum: Seize approach to literary analysis, and Eastern/Greek Orthodox complete, Christian commentar- The Book. —Gold include the Sponsor Hebrew Bible Christianity view all non-literal Talmudic and medieval Jewish Level commentators (Old Testabiblical interpretation as exFor were pointing ment) and the tremely problematic, while the Burhill Judaism, Leasing Corp. Eddie & Susie Katz out anomalies in the 27 books most Orthodox Jews wouldn’t Bible and Patti & Lee Schear the biblical text of the New dream of studying the Torah The Dayton Power and Light Company Testament, so without multiple commentaries that are surpris- commentary go ingly modern: named to reat hand. hand in hand Silver Level Sponsors repetitions, flect the ChrisWhat Jewish and Christian as part of a anachronisms, tian worldview. principles are highlighted Joe & Elaine Bettman and historical Distinctive by their traditions’ attitudes conversation, Dayton Children’s Hospital an inconsistencies. to the Old toward the Bible and biblical Bill & Melinda Doner struggle Their contrar- ongoing Testament is commentary? Horenstein, Nicholson & Blumenthal, LPA Houser Asphalt & Concrete its rearrangeThe Tanakh or Hebrew Bible ian views, too, to understand Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton ment of the is the Jewish canon of 24 books were duly reStephen B.God Levitt, MD expects. Hebrew Bible divided into three parts: Torah, corded, debated, what Midwest Iron and Metal Co. and sometimes — Pentateuch Prophets, and Writings. The Pavlofsky Families even endorsed alongside those (Torah), Historical Books, Poetic However, Jews also use the and Wisdom Books, Prophetic word Bible to mean the totality of the traditionalists. 2010 Women Of Valor Luncheon As so eloquently put in the Books — linking the two sets of Written Law (Torah Shebichtav Lynda A. Cohen, Chairperson Beth Abraham is Dayton’s Helen Abramovitz, Beththe Adelman, Elaine Arnovitz, Jody Blazar, Dena Briskin, of scriptures by foretelling or Tanakh) and Oral Law (Torah essay What Congregations Need only Conservative Melinda Doner, Marsha R. Froelich, Angela Frydman, Lynn Goldenberg, Women Of Valor Luncheon 2014 Meryl Hattenbach, Helen Jacobson, Janice Krochmal, Linda Levine, arrival of Jesus immediately Sheba’al Peh, the complete body to Know About the Adult Learner synagogue, affiliated with Beverly A. Louis, Joan Marcus, Carole Marger, Bernadette D. O’Koon, Elaine Bettman, Co-chair Marlene Andrea Raizen,Synagogue Phyllis Rosen, of United T. Schusprior to the record ofPinsky, hisCarole lifeA. Rabinowitz, Cantorthe of teachings including rabbinic by Isa Aron and Diane 2014 Roberta Zawatsky, Leslie Cohen Zukowsky, Cindy Zwerner Randi Fuchsman, Co-chair Conservative Judaism. ter, Judaism asserts that the and teachings. and scholarly commentary). Bible “comes alive when thinkCatholic and Eastern Bibles The use of the word ToWe are an enthusiastically ing individuals bounce ideas off also expand the Old Testament, rah (teaching, instruction) is Marcia Kress egalitarian synagogue. one another, when everyone’s adding the Books of Maccabees equally multifaceted. Community Volunteer Beverly A. Louis opinion counts and multiple and Judith among other texts. At its most specific, it refers We also have an enerThere may be additional texts, to the Five Books of Moses, but perspectives are offered.” Joan Marcus getic Keruv program that Advocate for Individuals with Disabilities, Community Volunteer Biblical interpretation is not but none of them are commenit too can mean all of Written reaches out to intermarried Beth Abraham is Dayton’s Myrna Nelson a free-for-all, however. The Oral taries. and Oral Law. The broadly couples and families in our only Conservative While traditional Judaism synagogue andisinDayton’s the Dayton Beth Abraham synagogue, affiliated with Jane P.Community NovickVolunteer Jewish community. and Christianity share a conviconly Conservative the United Synagogue of tion in the divine nature of synagogue, liated with Wendi Pavlofsky Conservativeaffi Judaism. Literature to share Community Volunteer the United Synagogue ofof For a complete schedule their respective Bibles — “All Hyla N. Weiskind We are an enthusiastically Conservative our events, goJudaism. to Scripture is God-breathed (2 Not in God’s Name by Rabbi Jonathan Sacks. From a master egalitarian synagogue. Tim. 3:16),” — their conclusions teacher and writer comes this highly-acclaimed exploraHelen Abramovitz, of blessed Attorney memory We an enthusiastically For are a complete schedule of differ. tion of the history and consequences of religious violence, egalitarian synagogue. Please join Beth Abraham Synagogue our events, go to With its emphasis on correct particularly focused on the Abrahamic religions of Judaism, Intervention Specialist Sisterhood as we honor an extraordinary doctrine or belief, Christianity Christianity, and Islam. In addition to analyzing how and We also have an energroup of women for their commitment relies on a single authoritative why religious traditions distort their core values to the point getic Keruv program that and dedicationCommunity to the Jewish standard. of savagery, Sacks offers some thoughts on how to address Leader reaches out to intermarried and general communities. In the essay How Do I Intercouples and families in our today’s religious extremism. synagogue and in the Dayton pret the Bible? Robert Verlade, a Wednesday, May 4 Pavlofsky I Say Shehechiyanu by Joanne Rocklin. In simple text and Jewish community. In Memorium: Carol former editor for Focus on the whimsical images, this picture book explores the blessing of 11:00 a.m. Registration Community Leader, Mentor Family, explains, “…the Bible is thankfulness for new or special experiences. Following the 11:30 a.m. Program & Luncheon For a complete schedule of always clear when it comes to seasons of the year through a preschooler’s eyes, surprisour events, go to communicating truths about the ingly simple and unexpected opportunities for gratitude essentials of the faith. There are become apparent. A description of the blessing together with no great secrets, hidden mesthe English meaning and Hebrew transliteration make this sages or esoteric interpretations book universally accessible. A must-have. that will grant us additional

Jew in the Christian World


Beth Abraham is Dayton’s only Conservative synagogue, affiliated with the United Synagogue of Conservative Judaism.


We are an enthusiastically egalitarian synagogue.

We also have an energetic Keruv program that reaches out to intermarried


Russian-Jewish violinist to share stories, songs of freedom ents and great-grandparents in Russia. By Marc Katz ing conflicts (mine, the hall, and YevgeSpecial To The Observer ny’s),” said Peter Stafford Wilson, music In my grandparents’ generation, half their families didn’t make it out. In a year of harsh national immigradirector of the Springfield Orchestra. “I’ve always been committed to telltion talk and disrespect for various races “(Yevgeny) has graciously agreed to ing the Jewish story. And and religions, the Springfield Symphony perform on the evening of the second it just so happens we Orchestra will celebrate a virtuoso Seder. While we are sad to have created have this (story) coming violinist from the the conflict with holy days, we felt that former Soviet having him visit with all segments of our from Russia and having Union — and community (would be beneficial), hence to escape because of our Jewishness. Why, why will celebrate the city’s small Jewish his visit to Temple Sholom earlier in the did we have to escape? community — when Yevgeny Kutik week.” Because we are Jewish.” makes his debut with the orchestra in Wilson is also hopeful Kutik will be Kutik, his parents and April. able to visit schools in the area, and has older brother left Belarus A few days before he performs the secured Kutik’s invite to the home of with the help of HIAS, Shostakovich Violin Concerto No. 1 with Temple Sholom congregants Laurie and the Hebrew Immigrant the symphony, he’ll visit Springfield’s Eddie Leventhal for the first Passover Aid Society, first stopTemple Sholom for an hors d’oeuvres Seder, on Friday, April 22. ping in Vienna, then and wine reception on April 20, where In a telephone interview, Kutik said near Rome for about six he’ll share stories about his life and will he isn’t necessarily observant when it Yevgeny Kutik months before the Jewplay works from his CD, Music From the comes to Judaism. “I respect and really ish Federation of the Berkshires (Mass.) Suitcase: A Collection of Russian Minialike our various traditions,” he said. agreed to take them in. tures. “In terms of Jewish causes, it’s com“The Jewish Federations raise a lot of Kutik, who left Minsk, Belarus with plicated. I’m always aware about what money for Jewish causes,” he said. “A lot his family when he was 5 in 1990, is now Jews have gone through. I’ve started of donors don’t actually get to see where a U.S. citizen. He recorded the album in learning a lot more about my grandparthat money goes. But in my case, 2014, featuring music he found in his people can indirectly see: all the money family’s suitcase after they immigrated Violinist Yevgeny Kutik will perform and talk about his life, Wednesday, April 20 at 5 p.m. helped. In my playing, they can see a to the United States. direct result of their investment.” Soloist and symphony arranged the during an hors d’oeuvres and wine reception at Temple Sholom, 2424 N. Limestone St., Today, the fate of immigrants is Temple Sholom event to reach out to even more uncertain, creating much the Jewish community since he’ll make Springfield. Admission is free, but limited to 100 guests. R.S.V.P. to the temple at 937-399controversy connected to this year’s his debut with the symphony when 1231. He’ll also perform with the Springfield elections. many Jews are sitting down to their Symphony Orchestra on Saturday, April 23 at 8 “I’ve always been a big advocate for second Passover Seder. p.m. at Clark State Performing Arts Center. For people, for refugees, for people that “We were forced into the concert details, go to had to leave or take pressure either bedate because of a myriad of schedul-


cause of their religion or political beliefs, or because of their race, you name it,” Kutik said. “It boggles my mind there are so many people in the world who are Kevin Sprague suffering.” Kutik’s mother, Alla Zernitskaya, a music teacher, began teaching him violin when he was 5 ½. His father, Alexander, played trumpet in the Belarusian State Philharmonic. By the time Kutik was 13, he was good enough for special classes in Boston. Earlier considerations that he might become a doctor or work for the CIA faded as he won several prizes for his playing, including the 2003 Boston Symphony Orchestra’s Young Artists Competition. He continued his music education at New England Conservatory, and has performed around the world ever since. Kutik is a staunch supporter of music education. “I really believe in the power of music, in the power of art,” Kutik said. “Whether (students) go on in music or not, they go on and become amazing, productive, successful members of society.” He’ll return to the Miami Valley in March 2017 when he solos with the Dayton Philharmonic.

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