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Poland isn’t the only country trying to limit Holocaust discourse p. 7 March 2018 Adar/Nisan 5778 Vol. 22, No. 7

Published by the Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton

The Miami Valley’s Jewish Monthly • Online at Marshall Weiss

Let all who are hungry

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Shoah educator shares late husband’s story



Low cal/carb Pesach menu

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Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton 525 Versailles Drive Dayton, OH 45459


Etana Jacobi (L), Lela Klein, & Rick Carne

Seared Mushroom Cauliflower Risotto

DAYTON Andy Snow

Happy Passover From the staff & residents of Friendship Village All warmed up and ready to go, the Dayton Jewish Chorale led by its director, Cantor Jenna Greenberg (L), presented a community Shabbat service at the Dayton Art Institute on Jan. 26, hosted by Beth Abraham Synagogue, Beth Jacob Congregation, Temple Beth Or, and Temple Israel, and followed by a community Shabbat dinner.

Chabad Passover Seder JCC Night in Vegas Chabad of Greater Dayton will present its annual First Night Passover Seder, on Friday, March 30 beginning at 7:30 p.m. at 2001 Far Hills Ave., Oakwood. The cost is $36 adults, $20 students, $15 children, with no one turned away because of inability to pay. R.S.V.P. to Rabbi Levi Simon, 643-0770, ext. 1.

Temple Beth Or Seder

Nosh. Monthly Friday Night Shabbat Dinner with all your traditional favorites. Led by Joe Bettman. Friday, March 23, 5 p.m. $10 per person. R.S.V.P.

Learn. Monthly Diabetic Support Group. With Gem City Home Care’s Mara Lamb. Tuesday, March 13, 10:30 a.m. & 6 p.m. R.S.V.P.

Schmooze. Join us for a free cup of coffee & hospitality at our Coffee House. Every Monday through Friday, 7 a.m. to 2 p.m. Free WiFi.

Temple Beth Or will host its annual Second Night Passover Seder on Saturday, March 31 beginning at 6 p.m. Guests will include Arab-Israeli youths visiting Dayton from the village of Deir al-Assad, Israel. The dinner, prepared by Bernstein’s Fine Catering, will include vegetarian options. Temple Beth Or is located at 5275 Marshall Rd., Washington Township. For prices and to R.S.V.P., call the temple at 435-3400 or go to

Temple Israel Seder Temple Israel’s Annual Congregational Second Seder will be held on Saturday, March 31 beginning at 6 p.m. The cost for dinner is $30 adults, $15 children ages 4-10. Temple Israel is located at 130 Riverside Dr., Dayton. R.S.V.P. by March 19 to the temple at 496-0050.

JCC women’s model Seder The Jewish Community Center will present A Women’s Freedom Seder on Thursday, March 15 from 6 to 9 p.m. at the Boonshoft CJCE, 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville. The cost is $30 per person. R.S.V.P. by March 9 to 610-1555.

fund-raiser March 3 The Jewish Community Center will host its annual Night in Vegas fundraiser on Saturday, March 3 from 7:30 to 11:30 p.m. at the Boonshoft CJCE. General admission is $25 in advance, $35 at the door. Games include Blackjack, Texas Hold’em, and Euchre. Alcoholic beverages, gourmet kosher hot dogs, and snacks are available for purchase. The evening will also include entertainment by Jim Hiller, a silent auction, door prizes, and a raffle drawing. Tickets are available by calling 610-1555, at, and at the door.

Corned Beef Festival at Temple Beth Or

The Temple Beth Or Brisketeers will provide the menu for the congregation’s Corned Beef Festival on Saturday, March 10 from 6 to 9 p.m., which will feature a cash bar, beer pairings, cooking demos, and entertainment by The Mustard Man, Lock 27, and UD Irish Dance. Admission is $25 per person; participants must be at least 21. R.S.V.P. to 435-3400.

Kosher deli dinner and movie at Beth Abraham The Beth Abraham Synagogue Men’s Club will hold its annual kosher deli dinner, movie and raffle on Sunday, March 18 at 6 p.m. The cost is $20 per person. Beth Abraham Synagogue is located at 305 Sugar Camp Cir., Oakwood. R.S.V.P. by March 14 to 293-9520.


Call Wendy Archer for details at 937-837-5581 ext. 1269

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Let all who are hungry

Marshall Weiss

come & eat

Jewish community members lead charge to open local co-op market in one of nation’s worst ‘food deserts’ By Marshall Weiss, The Observer When Lela Klein grew up on Superior Avenue in Dayton View, her family’s idea of freedom at Passover was linked to economic justice. “You can’t really have freedom if you’re bogged down by the chains of poverty,” she says. Klein and her husband, both labor lawyers, returned to the Dayton area from Washington, D.C. in 2012 after their son was born. Klein is now executive director of the Greater Dayton Union Co-op Initiative. Her first charge with GDUCI: to open a grocery co-op for West and Northwest Dayton, one of the nation’s worst “food deserts.” Joining Klein to make the Gem City Market a reality on a fast-track fund-raising and construction timetable are Hall Hunger Initiative Senior Advisor Rick Carne and Hall Hunger Initiative Manager Etana Jacobi. GDUCI and HHI were both established three years ago. “HHI is an outgrowth of the awful food hardship numbers we became aware of three years ago,” says Carne, a public affairs and economic development consultant who was former U.S. Rep. Tony Hall’s longtime chief of staff. Carne is also a past chair of Dayton’s Jewish Community Relations Council and has served on the Ohio Jewish Communities board for several years. The Food Research and Action Center reported in April 2015 that the Dayton metro area ranked ninth in the nation for food hardship. Hall, known for his previous fights against hunger in the Dayton area and as former U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations Agencies for Food and Agriculture, called on Carne to set up HHI in Dayton, now a United Way partner. HHI’s goal is to reduce food insecurity and increase food access through collaborations with community stakeholders. In short order, Carne realized the community’s most pressing food The Adventures of

When Purim & Passover both fall in March . . .

Bark Mitzvah Boy

I’ve done it! Matzahtashen!


• • c O 2018 Menachem

priority was to help get Dayton’s first grocery co-op up and running. “We are seeing many of our neighbors deciding whether they are going to pay for food or they’re going to pay their heating bill,” says Jacobi, the newly-hired manager of HHI. “That is a decision no one should have to make.” A native of New Hampshire, Jacobi — whose father is Israeli — arrived Greater Dayton Union Co-op Initiative Executive Director Lela Klein (Center), Hall in Dayton three years ago to work for Hunger Initiative Manager Etana Jacobi, and Hall Hunger Initiative Senior Advisor the Kettering Foundation. She began volunteering with GDUCI in February Rick Carne work on an aggressive plan to open the Gem City Market on lower Salem Avenue in late 2019. A September 2016 Food and Research Action Center 2017 when she met Klein; six months Report ranked Dayton second nationally for families with children who experience later, Carne hired Jacobi to manage food hardship. HHI. “Dayton does a pretty good job of having an emergency food structure,” Klein says, “so when a family falls into an emergency need 590 Isaac Prugh Way 937.298.0594 for food, there are a lot of places they can fill that 694 Isaac Prugh Way need. What we don’t have is consistent, long-term 937.297.4300 access for working families.” She says the 2008 closure of the Kroger on Gettysburg Avenue was the tipping point toward Dayton’s food desert. “The loss of thousands of manufacturing jobs led to an already unstable situation becoming even more destabilized in West Dayton,” Klein says. Along with job losses, she cites the foreclosure crisis, unequal distribution of generational wealth, and the long-term divestment of money out of the community as devastating factors. “People are spending food dollars. They’re just spending it at the Dollar General, they’re spending it at Walgreens,” Klein says. “You go to the Walgreens by Good Sam and you see people filling their carts with groceries. That Walgreens does not have a produce department.” Continued on next page

From the editor’s desk

It was a happy coincidence when Lela Klein and Etana Jacobi each realized the other was Jewish; they were at the same Chanukah party. The social justice activists had already connected and were Marshall working together on the Gem City Weiss Market co-op project (see story above). And Klein only found out that Rachel Meketon was Jewish after she hired Meketon as program manager for the Greater Dayton Union Co-op Initiative. “I feel like I came into myself as a Jewish woman in some ways through my economic social justice work,” says Klein, who received her law degree from Harvard. “I’ve had so many mentors who have been Jewish women doing work around worker justice. That’s really shaped me and who I am.” Jacobi says that tikun olam, repairing the world, is at the top of her list of Jewish values. “It’s so incredibly important to not just be a Jew, but to be a human and to repair the world,” she says. “It’s part of what we’re supposed to do with our time on the Earth.”

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Let all who are hungry

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Continued from previous page Carne notes that when people with low incomes arrive at hospital emergency rooms, often times they are malnourished. Klein says GDUCI initially considered opening its co-op at the site of the old Gettysburg Kroger. But when they conducted a market study, it turned out that lower Salem Avenue just south of Grand Avenue would be the best location. “You won’t have to be a member to shop there,” Klein says of Gem City Market. “It will feel like walking into a traditional, conventional grocery store: community-centered, bright, friendly worker-owners who care about your experience.” She plans to work with a wholesaler that itself is a co-op, with prices comparable to Kroger’s in-house brand. Approximately 30 percent of Gem City Market’s products will be organic and local. “We want everyone to feel welcome,” Klein says, “folks who have very limited budgets who are primarily shopping with SNAP to be able to get what they need, but also for folks who live in the neighborhood who want to get their organic kale.” Carne says the market has plans for a teaching kitchen, educational classes, and a nutritionist on site. Jacobi describes the market as the first step in building a different kind of economy in Dayton. “Food insecurity and food access issues don’t exist in a vacuum,” Jacobi says. “With this particular model, we’re able to not just address food insecurity, we’re also able to bring an institution that’s owned by the community and the workers.” Gem City Market is the first of several co-ops GDUCI has planned for Dayton. “We know the NCRs of the world and the GMs of the world are going to come and go,” Klein says. “We’ve learned that lesson. How can we build some economic anchors that are really and truly rooted here and that are accountable to us? That, to me, is the very long-term vision of GDUCI with Gem City Market.” Klein envisions the co-ops as an interconnected network of worker-owned businesses. “The worker co-op experience in the U.S. has been that you might have one pop up here or there, but they tend to be very fragile as stand-alone businesses,” Klein says. “What you see elsewhere in the world is that when co-ops work together as a family of co-ops, they are more resilient.” To determine which co-op businesses GDUCI will create next, Klein just hired Rachel Meketon, a graduate of MIT’s Urban Planning Program, as its project manager. It turns out that Meketon, originally from Philadelphia, is also Jewish. GDUCI is determined to break ground on the Gem City Market this fall in order to open its doors by late 2019. “That would mean raising another $1.5 million by this fall,” Klein says. “We know that people need access to fresh food now and that’s why we are being so aggressive.” To date, Klein, Carne, and Jacobi have raised more than $1 million in grants and pledges from local foundations and philanthropists toward their $4.2 million goal for Gem City Market. Klein says $4.2 million would allow GDUCI to open the market without debt on the building. “We’re hoping for a new market tax credit to come into the project, which might give us about $1 million in equity,” Klein says. “And then we’re hopeful for maybe a quarter of a million to half a million from the state capital budget.”

Editor and Publisher Marshall Weiss 937-853-0372 Contributors Rabbi Judy Chessin Rachel Haug Gilbert Candace R. Kwiatek Advertising Sales Executive Patty Caruso, Proofreaders Rachel Haug Gilbert, Pamela Schwartz Billing Jeri Kay Eldeen, 937-853-0372 Observer Advisor Martin Gottlieb Published by the Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton David Pierce President Judy Abromowitz Immediate Past Pres. Bruce Feldman President Elect Todd Bettman Officer Dr. Heath Gilbert Officer Beverly Louis Officer Mary Rita Weissman Officer Cathy Gardner CEO The Dayton Jewish Observer, Vol. 22, No. 7. The Dayton Jewish Observer is published monthly by the Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton, a nonprofit corporation, 525 Versailles Dr., Dayton, OH 45459. Views expressed by guest columnists, in readers’ letters and in reprinted opinion pieces do not necessarily reflect the opinion of The Dayton Jewish Observer, The Dayton Jewish Observer Policy Committee, the Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton or the underwriters of any columns. Acceptance of advertising neither endorses advertisers nor guarantees kashrut. The Dayton Jewish Observer Mission Statement To support, strengthen and champion the Dayton Jewish community by providing a forum and resource for Jewish community interests. Goals • To encourage affiliation, involvement and communication. • To provide announcements, news, opinions and analysis of local, national and international activities and issues affecting Jews and the Jewish community. • To build community across institutional, organizational and denominational lines. • To advance causes important to the strength of our Jewish community including support of Federation agencies, its annual campaign, synagogue affiliation, Jewish education and participation in Jewish and general community affairs. • To provide an historic record of Dayton Jewish life.

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Ohio 6th in white supremacist propaganda on college campuses By Amanda Koehn Cleveland Jewish News Among 346 incidents in which white supremacists used propaganda to display their messages on college campuses around the United States, 14 occurred in Ohio, according to a Jan. 29 report by the AntiDefamation League. The report found that white supremacist propaganda on college campuses more than tripled for the fall semester of 2017 compared to the fall semester of 2016. It also includes information on 2018 incidents. The surge in antisemitic and prejudicial fliers, banners, posters and other propaganda appearing on campuses can be attributed in part to extremists feeling emboldened by recent political discourse and the anonymity social media provides to develop and spread bigoted views, said ADL CEO Jonathan Greenblatt. “Those are two factors — our kind of current political environment combined with social media and some of its attributes, like anonymity, and its spread — that contribute to this,” Greenblatt said. Among the incidents documented, the ADL’s regional director in Cleveland, Anita Gray, said one occurred in October at Cleveland State University. “It’s excruciatingly alarming to me that we are going through a situation in our country today that is unlike anything I have ever seen in all my years,” Gray said. According to the report, such propaganda has attacked Jews, Muslims, non-white Americans, immigrants and the LGBTQ community in 44 states and Washington, D.C. Another such incident involved people who claimed to be members of the neo-Nazi group Identity Evropa disrupting an ethnic studies class at the University of California, San Diego in La Jolla, Calif., in January 2018. The deadly Unite the Right rally at the University of Virginia in Charlottesville, Va., in August 2017 also was included.

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Poland’s prime minister said some Jews collaborated with Nazis. Scholars say he distorted history. By Cnaan Liphshiz, JTA The row between Poland and Israel about the Holocaust reached new heights after Poland’s prime minister said that the genocide had not only Polish, Ukrainian and German perpetrators, but Jewish ones as well. Addressing a new law that criminalizes blaming Poland for Nazi crimes, Mateusz Morawiecki said in an interview Feb. 17 that the law’s effects would not be as sweeping as its critics complain. “It’s not going to be seen as criminal to say that there were Polish perpetrators, as there were Jewish perpetrators, as there were Ukrainian; not only German perpetrators,” he said. If his statement was meant to soothe the law’s critics — they include international Jewish groups and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, who called the legislation baseless in a rare rebuke of an ally of Israel — then Morawiecki failed spectacularly. Escalating his rhetoric, Netanyahu called the remark “outrageous.” “There is a problem here of an inability to understand history and a lack of sensitivity to the tragedy of our people,” the Israeli leader said. Another Israeli leader, President Reuven Rivlin, offered his contempt for the remark. “Saying that Jews collaborated with the Nazis is a new low,” he said. Jonny Daniels, an influential commemoration activist in Poland who is friendly with Morawiecki, called it a form of Holocaust denial. What Morawiecki said is technically accurate, but historically unfair in light of the specific nature of the Nazi persecution of Jews, according to scholars who have studied the dozens of indictments brought forward in Israel against Nazi collaborators. Until 1972, dozens of indictments led to trials in Israel of alleged Jewish collaborators with the Nazis, said Rivka Brot, a fellow at Bar-Ilan University’s Center for Jewish and Democratic Law. Brot wrote her doctoral thesis on the prosecution of Jewish

Gil Cohen-Magen/AFP/Getty Images

Holocaust survivors protesting Poland's bill on Holocaust rhetoric in front of the Polish Embassy in Tel Aviv, Feb. 8

freedom or that of their relatives. Jews who collaborated inside camps and ghettos often said in their defense that they did so not to better their own situation but to better the lives of other Jews. Eliezer Gribaum, a Polish Jewish kapo who was accused of mercilessly beating inmates at the Birkenau camp and was later killed in Israel’s War of Independence, said he accepted the position at the request of other Jews who needed protection from an anti-Semitic non-Jewish kapo, a German criminal. The case of Jews who remained outside camps or ghetFalse comparison tos by helping the Nazis hunt Brot said the offensive eledown other Jews appears even ment in Morawiecki’s remark murkier. is not that he mentioned Jews Notorious among them was who collaborated with the GerStella Kubler, who began huntmans, but that he listed them ing Jews for the Nazis to keep alongside Polish collaborators. her parents from being deport“Any comparison between Jewish collaborators and Polish ed and stayed in their service until the war’s end. She and ones is false,” she said. “The other Jewish hunters of Jews Jewish prisoners who collaborated did so under the immedi- were given special papers by the Gestapo and even weapons. ate threat of death.” Poles, Brot added, suffered a Some even received a cash bonus of 200 marks for every Jew lot under the Nazis, “but most they helped deliver. were not subjected to the same Some of them, including circumstances as Jews destined Rolf Isaaksohn, delivered to for annihilation.” Jewish collaborators included the Nazis their own relatives — “kapos” and other functionaries an uncle, in Isaaksohn’s case, according to a 1992 Der Spiegel of the internal power structure expose about Jewish hunters of that the Nazis forced Jews to form in camps and ghettos, Brot Jews. Kubler was tried twice for said. her actions, which resulted in Additionally, some Jews the murders of dozens: Once by helped the Nazis track down a Soviet tribunal that sentenced other Jews living in hiding in her to 10 years in jail, and then exchange for the collaborators’ collaborators by Jewish tribunals in transit camps in Europe after World War II, and later in the state of Israel. None of the trials ended with a sentence longer than 18 months in prison. Even before Israel’s establishment, dozens of unofficial communal tribunals were set up to process hundreds of complaints against alleged Jewish collaborators in displaced persons camps in Europe, Brot said. Lacking binding legal powers, these tribunals could pronounce symbolic guilty sentences that meant excommunication for the convicted.



Wishing You A Very Happy Passover

Tim Sweeny

Poland isn’t the only country trying to police what can be said about the Holocaust

by a West German one, which convicted her but did not sentence her to any additional prison time. She spoke with raw hate about the Jewish people, and until her death in 1994 was a favorite among publishers of By Cnaan Liphshiz, JTA national traumas. antisemitic literature. In 2015, Ukraine’s president There are clear similarities signed a law whose critics say between the Ukrainian and Judenrat leaders Polish laws, according to Alex Members of Judenrats, Jewish stifles debate on the historical record of World War II and Ryvchin, a Kiev-born Austracouncils set up in ghettos that whitewashes local perpetrators lian-Jewish journalist and auwere answerable to the Gerof the Holocaust. thor who has written about the mans, constitute yet another Law 2538-1 criminalized any politics of memory in Eastern variant of collaboration. rhetoric insulting to the memo- Europe. Dozens of them committed ry of anti-communist partisans. “Both seek to use the lesuicide to avoid carrying out And it celebrates the legacy of gitimacy and force of law to the Germans’ orders of annihienshrine an official narrative of lation against vulnerable ghetto such combatants — ostensibly including the ones who murvictimhood, heroism and righpopulations, such as children dered countless Jewish and Pol- teousness while criminalizing and women, Dina Porat, chief ish citizens while collaborating public discussion of historical historian for the Yad Vashem with Nazi Germany. Holocaust museum in Israel, Janek Skarzynski/AFP/Getty Images The law generated told JTA. some backlash, includOthers cooperated with the Nazis out of fear that the ghetto ing an open letter by would be subject to mass repri- more than 70 historians who said it “contradicts sals if they didn’t. the right to freedom of Other Judenrat leaders, speech,” ignores comhowever, seemed to relish the powers vested in them. Notori- plicity in the Holocaust and would “damage ous among them was Chaim Ukraine’s national secuMordechai Rumkowski of the rity.” Lodz ghetto. But as with similar Moving around the ghetto on a broken-down horse-drawn measures in Europe’s carriage, Rumkowski instituted ex-communist nations, the Ukraine law genercurrency bearing his signature ated little opposition or and postage stamps with his image, earning him the sarcastic even attention interna- Polish President Andrzej Duda (L) nominates Mateusz Morawiecki to be tionally — especially nickname “King Chaim.” Infaprime minister, Dec. 11. Both support the when compared to the mously, he urged his subjects controversial law on the term ‘Polish death loud objections to a sim- camps.’ to hand over their children to the Germans, who sent them to ilar measure in Poland be murdered. He was beaten to that was signed into law on Feb. truths that contradict or under6 by the president. mine these narratives,” he said. death at Auschwitz, where he The law had passed both Yet, he noted, “The reaction came on the last transport. houses of parliament in recent to the Polish law has indeed On Feb. 20, Polish Foreign days. The United States and dwarfed the response to persisMinister Jacek Czaputowicz Israel joined historians and tent state revisionism elsewhere acknowledged in an interview Israel’s Yad Vashem Holocaust in Europe in spite of the fact to the Dziennik Gazeta Prawna authority in decrying the bill. that the rate of collaboration newspaper that there were “The Ukrainian and Polwas generally lower in Poland Polish collaborators, adding ish laws are similar, but in than in Ukraine and Latvia.” that the situation concerning Ukraine’s case we didn’t see The Baltic nations of Lithuacollaboration “was extremely anything even close” to the ava- nia and Latvia were pioneers in complicated.” lanche of condemnations that nationalist legislation that limits There were cases, he added, Poland received, said Eduard discourse about the Holocaust where Jews caught by the Germans led the Nazis to Poles Dolinsky, director of the Ukrai- in their territories. nian Jewish Committee and a Critics say these laws also who were hiding them. longtime campaigner against shift the blame for the murder Although many Jewish colHolocaust revision in Ukraine. of Jews, which was done with laborators were despised by Jews in Israel and beyond, com- “I wish we had; maybe this law local helpers, to Nazi Germany alone. paring them to Polish collabora- could have been stopped in They also seem to equate the tors “is morally and historically Ukraine.” Nazi genocide with political false also because of the comrepression by the Soviet Union plex spectrum of collaboration,” Politicization of the debate — which many in the former Porat said. This complexity To activists like Dolinsky, the Soviet Union blame on Jewish does not apply to Polish colsingling out of Poland reflects communists. laborators, few of whom were the ongoing politicization of In 2010 Lithuania — a threatened with death if they the debate on Eastern Europe’s country where Nazi collabodid not betray or turn in Jews. rators virtually wiped out a “The indictment against all of bloody World War II history. They say the conversation is Jewish community of 250,000 those collaborators may appear distorted by geopolitical ten— amended its criminal code, similar,” Porat said, “but the sions involving Russia, popuprescribing up to two years in context in which they acted is lism, ignorance and unresolved Continued on next page radically different.”

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Countries trying to police what can be said about the Holocaust Continued from previous page jamin Netanyahu, who in the jail to anyone who “denies or past has been criticized for not grossly underestimates” the calling out his country’s Eastern crime of genocide or “other European allies on these issues, crimes against humanity or war called the Polish legislation crimes committed by the USSR “baseless” and said Israel opor Nazi Germany against Lithu- posed it. anian residents.” The U.S. State Department in Similar legislation in Latvia a statement suggested it could from 2014 imposes up to five have “repercussions” for bilatyears in jail for those who deny eral relations with Poland. the role of “the foreign powers Israeli Education Minister that have perpetrated crimes Naftali Bennett’s scheduled against Latvia and the Latvian visit to Poland was canceled afnation,” without mentioning ter he criticized the law, which the involvement of Latvian SS Israel’s embassy in Poland said volunteers in murdering nearly was generating antisemitic hate all of the country’s 70,000 Jews. speech in the media. The denial of local culpability Back in Israel, the Polish during the Holocaust is at the Embassy condemned what it root of opposicalled ignorant tion to Poland’s Latvia is the only remarks by Yair law, which sets Lapid, a promicountry in the a maximum of nent opposition six years in jail world known to leader. for “whoever Citing his have an annual accuses, pubcredentials as licly and against march by SS the son of a the facts, the Holocaust surviveterans, which Polish nation vor, Lapid said takes place with the Polish law is or the Polish state of being designed to hide the approval of responsible or how Poland was complicit in the the authorities “a partner in the Nazi crimes Holocaust.” committed by the Third Reich” Jewish organizations, inor ”grossly diminishes the cluding the Simon Wiesenthal responsibility of the actual per- Center, said for their part that petrators.” they understand the Polish On Feb. 6, President Andrzej frustration with terms like “PolDuda said he would sign the ish death camps,” which seem laws (which he did later in to shift the blame for Nazi war the day), finalizing them, but crimes to Poland — one of the also refer them for review by few Nazi-occupied countries Poland’s highest court. where the Nazis did not allow Israeli Prime Minister Benany measure of self-rule or inte-

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grate locals into the genocide. And the term is especially offensive in Poland, where the Nazis killed at least 1.9 million non-Jews in addition to at least 3 million Jews. But, many Jewish groups added, the legislation in Poland ignores how many Poles betrayed or killed Jews and is therefore detrimental to the preservation of historical record and free speech. The railway track leading to the infamous ‘Death Gate’ at the Auschwitz II Birkenau extermination camp, Oswiecim, Poland Dolinsky in Ukraine isn’t a fan of the Polish legislation, either. through the same binary lens of To speak honestly “But I don’t quite underpro-and anti-Putin.” and openly stand why it and only it proUnder that alleged cover “There is less willingness to voked such a strong reaction,” of silence, in Ukraine and the speak out on Ukraine in media, he added. “We needed that Baltic countries there is a rapid in the scientific community and strong reaction two years ago lifting on taboos that had been in Western governments, so it in Ukraine. This fight needs in place for decades on the seems,” Dolinsky said. to apply to all these cases. For honoring of war criminals, even But this alleged turning of the pressure to be effective, it including SS volunteers who a blind eye, he added, is a disshouldn’t be selective.” enthusiastically participated in service. the mass killings of Jews and “Ukraine needs to join Poles. A free pass? Europe as a civilized member Largely ignored by the Dolinsky believes that of that family of nations. And international media, Latvian Ukraine — which, unlike Pofor that to happen, it needs land, shares a border with Rus- President Raimonds Vejonis has to speak honestly and openly sia — is getting a free pass from given final approval for a law about its history,” he said. the West because it is subjected that offers financial benefits to To Ryvchin, the Australian all World War II veterans — to hostility from Russia under author, the “particularly forceincluding SS volunteers who President Vladimir Putin. ful reaction to the Polish law is murdered Jews. In 2014, Russia annexed likely because Poland is seen as Latvia is the only country in Crimea from Ukraine amid the epicenter of the Holocaust,” ongoing psychological warfare the world known to have an he said. The Germans built against the Baltic nations, often annual march by SS veterans, extermination camps only in which takes place with the involving the deployment of Poland, according to Holocaust approval of authorities on the Russia’s mighty army around historian Efraim Zuroff. country’s national day in the those countries in blunt loud“Any attempt to distort or center of its capital, sometimes speaker diplomacy. disguise what happened in with mainstream politicians in “There is a lot of RussophoPoland is seen as a particubic sentiment worldwide and it attendance. larly egregious attack on the Last year, the municipality means international silence on history of the Holocaust and of Kalush near Lviv in Ukraine the memories of the dead,” countries with a conflict with decided to name a street for Russia,” said Joseph Koren, Ryvchin said. chairman of the Latvia Without Dmytro Paliiv, a commander Ironically, Poland is perof the 14th Waffen Grenadier Nazism group. haps singled out for criticism Division of the SS, also known “Poland and Hungary are because of the country’s vocal as the 1st Galician. in a different category,” agreed civil society and the lively Ukraine’s state television Dovid Katz, a scholar of Yiddebate it is generating over the dish in Lithuania and longtime observed a moment of silence politics of memory, Katz sugfor the first time last year for campaigner against Holocaust gested. Symon Petliura, a nationalist distortion there. Even today, he said, Poland killed by a Jewish communist The singling out of Poland and Hungary “have robust for Petliura’s role in the murder liberal movements that themand Hungary, he said, is “not of 35,000 to 50,000 Jews in a least because the issues of the selves counter official governseries of pogroms between 1918 ment policy on many issues Holocaust, antisemitism and and 1921, when Petliura was restrictions on democratic ex— unlike the Baltics, where pression in these countries have head of the Ukrainian People’s dissent is often quashed using never been perceived primarily Republic. the full force of the law.” THE DAYTON JEWISH OBSERVER • MARCH 2018

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A century-old Siberian synagogue was built by abducted child soldiers. It’s back in Jewish hands. Photos and Story By Cnaan Liphshiz, JTA TOMSK, Russia — When two strange men approached 8-year-old Herzl Tsam in an alley of his hometown in what is now Ukraine, he knew that he had to run as fast as his legs could carry him. In 1851, as a Jewish boy from a poor family in a shtetl near Volyn, he knew he was in danger of becoming a Jewish Cantonist — the Russian-language term for forcefully conscripted child soldiers. For 29 years, until 1856, these children had fallen victim to one of the cruelest measures ever applied against the Jewish population of Russia. Like approximately 75,000 Jewish children who were abducted and turned into Cantonists, Tsam could not outrun his captors — likely professional kidnappers who enforced the 1827 act handed down by the czar, Nicholas I, obliging Jewish communities to provide 10 Cantonists per 1,000 residents. But unlike most of the other victims, Tsam resisted pressures to convert to Christianity, instead climbing through the ranks on pure merit. One

of only a handful of Jewish officers in the czar’s army, he retired in 1876 with honors as a colonel at the age of 41 and started a thriving Jewish community and a synagogue for other army veterans like him in this Siberian city. On Feb. 1, the present-day Jewish community of Tomsk — a sleepy city of 500,000 residents located 2,000 miles east of Moscow — honored Tsam’s memory during a solemn ceremony in which the municipality returned to the community the synagogue that he had built nearly 120 years ago. Known as the Soldiers Synagogue, it is a dilapidated structure covered in snow and ice; its windows are boarded up to keep out squatters. But it is still a beautiful building and one of the few wooden synagogues of its kind still standing today. “It’s an important day,” Levy Kaminetsky, a Chabad emissary who moved with his wife, Gitty, to Tomsk in 2004, told JTA at the community’s main synagogue amid preparations for the ceremony. “His story, the story of the Cantonists, is a story of endurance, faith, courage and revival. And in that sense, it’s one of the major

The building that used to house the Soldiers Synagogue in Tomsk

stories of the Jewish people in Russia and beyond.” Today, the synagogue that Tsam and his comrades built is a shadow of its former self. Dwarfed by the adjacent public prosecutor's office, the cedar structure is surrounded by leafless bushes and a host of huts that used to be storage units but now are full of trash and rusty tools. The interior of the synagogue was gutted decades ago. After its confiscation in 1930 by Soviet authorities, it was turned into a theatre and later a crowded and poorly heated

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apartment building where 17 impoverished families shared a communal kitchen. The city found alternative housing for the tenants in 2014 ahead of its planned return, but homeless people took over the property in the interim, delaying the return and further deteriorating the building’s condition. The trash-littered floor now has deep holes and exposed wiring that require from the local community of 1,000 an investment of funds it does not have. “We are being offered this building now, so we need to take it,” Kaminetsky said in the Great Synagogue of Tomsk, the city's only functioning synagogue, which is located a mile away from the Soldiers Synagogue. “Honestly, it’s not perfect timing, but we owe it to Tsam’s legacy.” He said the community “will have to find a way to restore” the building, possibly by appealing to donors outside Russia. In addition to the 75,000 Jewish Cantonists, Russia had hundreds of thousands of nonJewish ones, according to Yosef Mendelevitch, a rabbi from Jerusalem who in 2010 published a comprehensive book about the Jewish Cantonists. “In its neutral sense, the term Cantonists simply means youths who were taken by a czarist decree to a military boarding house,” he said. “It was a prestigious institution dating back to the 18th century and a good opportunity for poor boys to get an education and income. Many non-Jewish families wanted their children to be Cantonists.” Under the czar’s laws on Cantonists, of which Jews

were initially exempted, seven youths older than 16 were to be placed in a military boarding house for every 1,000 residents. But in 1827, Nicholas I scrapped the exemption for Jews and lowered the conscription age for that community alone to 12. He also upped the quota, requiring from Jews 10 children per 1,000 residents. It was part of an attempt to convert as many Jewish boys as possible to Christianity. Many boys younger than 12 were drafted by professional Cantonist hunters, according to David Kuzhner, a Tomsk Jewish historian who has studied the community’s origins. Dubbed hapuns, these hunters received bounties for each boy they delivered. Some hapuns worked for rich Jews, who sent them to prey on poor ones to fill the quota. Some of the families of the boys snatched by hapuns were allowed to see them just one more time before they were shipped to boarding schools in Siberia and beyond. “Weeping mothers brought food to give to their boys," Kuzhner said. “More often than not it was the last kosher meal they ate in their life.” But Tsam and hundreds of other Jewish Cantonists stuck to their faith, either resisting efforts by teachers and commanders to convert them or returning to Judaism once they were discharged. “They and the synagogues they built are a testament and inspiration for the Jewish people,” Mendelevitch said. The Soldiers Synagogue is also part of its Siberian region’s crumbling legacy. Built in typical Siberian style, the building features elaborate window frames and a roof with a thorny crown of wooden pegs. Uniquely in Tomsk, the woodwork on the facade has dozens of Stars of David and an annex that faces westward, to Jerusalem, because it used to house the Torah ark. This city, which has worldfamous ice sculpture gardens in winter — when temperatures often drop to 22 degrees below zero — has hundreds of broken-down wooden houses of the same period. Eclipsed by communist-era housing projects, they stand on the brink of collapse, leaning


THE WORLD at strange angles and literally groaning under the hundreds of pounds of snow and ice that accumulate here on rooftops for months without melting. On winter nights, the sound of trees breaking under that weight echoes in the streets. Against this desolate background, Jewish community life is thriving. During the High Holy Days, 300 people flock to the main and only functioning synagogue. Confiscated from the Jewish community during communism and turned into a courthouse, it was returned 15 years ago, renovated, and reopened in 2010. It has a mikvah (ritual bath) and a preschool, where small children, cocooned in colorful overalls as thick as space suits, happily scamper about the snowed-in playground. There’s even a tiny Jewish elementary school with 15 students, and the third floor has a recreation room for teenagers and young adults. “Despite its remoteness, Tomsk is a renowned university city and Jewish students enjoy a space with a ping-pong table and free WiFi,” said Boris Ramatsky, chairman of the Jewish Community of Tomsk.

His grandfather was the last shamash, or custodian, of the Soldiers Synagogue, he said. Tomsk’s intellectual character has been good for Jewish community life. Banned during communism from universities in present-day Ukraine and Russian major cities, Jews were allowed to enroll in Tomsk’s universities, and especially its polytechnic institute. Many of them stayed. But this intellectual character also created friction between Tsam’s congregation of army veterans and the established community, with its many doctors and businessmen, according to the historian Kuzhner. This tension was the trigger for building Tsam’s synagogue in the first place, he said. The trigger came in 1905, when one of the veterans, Moshe Gurevich, came with Tsam and a few of his friends to what was then the main synagogue of the city to make an aliyah — giving a blessing before the reading from the Torah scroll — to celebrate the birth and circumcision of Gurevich’s son. But the men, who were likely happy and probably somewhat

inebriated, were turned away from the Kaminersky Synagogue by the rabbi’s son, who suggested they go read from the Torah “outside or in a locker room somewhere,” said Kuzhner, who has the memoirs of Tsam, who died in 1915. The former soldiers, who had withstood threats and humiliation in the army as children to hold on to their Judaism, Tomsk Jewish historian David Kuzhner and “were deeply offended Chana Safarova-Nikitenko review archival and decided then and materials at the Great Synagogue of Tomsk there to start their own military frameworks to which synagogue.” they were forced, according to Ironically, the Kaminersky Synagogue was destroyed with- Mendelevitch, himself a former out a trace during communism, prisoner of Zion in Soviet Russia who was jailed for planning whereas Tsam’s synagogue is still standing, even if just barely. to hijack a plane to Israel. He went on hunger strikes over During the Soldiers Synathe refusal to provide him with gogue’s 24 years in existence, kosher food in jail. it attracted many congregants “What’s striking in the story who were not army veterans, is not that many converted but partly because it was more centrally located than the Kaminer- that some children, young as 8 sky shul from which the soldiers and 10, were able to resist,” he said. “They are an inspiration had been turned away. for the entire Jewish people, if Unlike Tsam and Gurevich, not for humanity at large.” many Jewish Cantonists did Notwithstanding, many not withstand the pressure to Cantonists started families that convert to Christianity in the

eventually assimilated. But thanks to social networks and growing interest in the Cantonists’ story, some of their descendants are retracing their Jewish roots today. Like Ludmilla Lvovna, a history teacher in her 60s who last year found on Facebook distant relatives in Israel. The discovery made her research her family tree and find that her maternal great-great-grandfather, Wolf Bulwachter, was a Cantonist Jew who married a Jewish woman named Hannah. “It seems I am descended from Kohens,” she said during her first visit to a synagogue, referring to the priestly class of Judaism. But standing at the women’s section of the Tomsk synagogue, Lvovna said she neither feels Jewish nor identifies as such. “I mean, clearly I am,” she said. ”But for me the discovery was more about finding knowledge than readjusting my sense of identity. A person should know where they come from. That’s why I made the research. And it’s nice to suddenly have relatives in Israel, Canada, Australia — a big Jewish family!”








In Memphis, congressmen from opposing parties teach their colleagues about getting along. Their rabbi approves. By Ron Kampeas, JTA WASHINGTON — When the two congressmen representing Memphis meet on the plane home from the nation’s capital, the lawmakers catch up on what they have in common: the NCAA Division I basketball team at the University of Memphis; mutual friends in the legal communities; and what's up at Temple Israel. Despite a shared affection for the university's Tigers, a shared alma mater and a shared congregation, Steve Cohen, a liberal Democrat, and David Kustoff, a conservative Republican, are polar opposites in Congress. Cohen is leading an effort to

launch impeachment proceedings against President Donald Trump. Kustoff enthusiastically embraced Trump during his freshman run for Congress in 2016. That hasn’t stopped them from working together on issues they care about, and both say they wish there were more cross-party partnerships like theirs in the U.S. House of Representatives. Their most significant collaboration was on a bill last year that would enhance penalties for attacks on religious institutions. They’ve also worked to get federal assistance to preserve Clayborn Temple, a focal

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point of the 1968 sanitation workers strike that culminated in the assassination of the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Most of the votes that sent Kustoff to Congress are outside the Memphis area, but the city still ranks high on his priorities. “I was born in Memphis, U.S. Rep. U.S. Rep. grew up in Memphis, went Steve Cohen David Kustoff to school in Memphis, went to college in Memphis,” he said city in the 1960s. The temple is in Kustoff's disin an interview in his congrestrict, but perched on the border sional office. “I'm a Memphis of Cohen’s, with a satellite for and West Tennessee guy, and millennials inside the latter's I want to be as supportive as I district. can of the city of Memphis.” “Our mission statement is to "We have issues in common,” Cohen said in his congressional be a force for good not only for the Jewish community but for office. “To help the Memphis the greater community,” Greencommunity.” stein said in an interview. Their rabbi at Temple Israel, The synagogue's 1,500-seat Micah Greenstein, said their sanctuary, arranged in a semishared love of Memphis is a circle, is meant to suggest that it function of a city that has always been gracious to its Jewish is up to congregants to finish the circle in the community at large. minority (10,000 strong) and of “Our sanctuary is in a semia community that has returned circle because prayer has to lead the affection. to action,” the rabbi said. His synagogue, Greenstein Cohen and Kustoff share that says, has been a locus of civil rights activity for a century. One commitment, Greenstein said, but in districts that reflect their of his rabbinical predecessors respective values. spoke out against lynchings in Cohen's 9th district, which the early 20th century; another includes the lion’s share of was a leader in integrating the Memphis, is majority AfricanAmerican. Much of Kustoff's 8th A sweet and joyous is rural and white. “Steve Cohen's district is Passover home to Beale Street,” the The Katz/Hirschkatz Family legendary blues music district, “and poverty,” Greenstein said. “His priorities are different than the farmers and the suburbs in David Kustoff's district.” appy assover Yet chat with one congressman and you’re likely to be reminded of the other: They might have emerged from the same factory manufacturing avuncular, self-deprecating and wry southerners. Which in a sense, they did. Kustoff, 51, and Cohen, 68, knew each other long before either entered national politics. “His father and I were friends,” Cohen said. “We practiced law.” And they were products of a Jewish community and a city of under 700,000 where everyone seems to know everyone else — what Greenstein called “the smallest city that is an overgrown town and the biggest town that is a city.”



Cohen, first elected in 2006, said he and Kustoff had a passion for retail politics. "We share a commitment to fortitude and pursuing politics and working hard and having a good base,” he said. Each described politicking at home in vivid terms. Cohen talked about the Memphis-style barbecue joints, including Corky’s, which is Jewish-owned, and Payne’s. A redistricting after the 2010 census moved many of the best joints into Kustoff's district, he said. “Regrettably, they took a lot of areas that were my stomping grounds,” he said. Kustoff said he enjoyed his district’s farther rural reaches and driving country roads to knock on doors. “When I'm back in the district, I'm traveling through as many counties as I can, meeting constituents,” he said, offering to take a reporter on the drive the next time he is in Memphis. “I enjoy it.” Each acknowledged brushes with antisemitism. In 2008, a Democratic rival of Cohen said he “hates Jesus,” and in 2016, a Republican rival of Kustoff reminded voters that he was the “Christian conservative” in the race. But each also said that the support they have garnered is not simply despite their Jewishness but because their constituents actively reject bigotry. Cohen said some have tried to convince African-American voters to reject him because he was a white Jew. Such appeals fell flat, he said, because black voters recognized the dangers of appeals to race. “Although there are some people” in the black community “who think they want someone who ‘looks like them,’” he said, “for so many more it’s alien to be told to have someone who ‘looks like them.’” Kustoff, a former U.S. attorney, said that when constituents did ask him about faith, it always turned out well. “When I campaigned for this office, I would literally knock on constituent doors, and I would get asked by some, ‘Where do you go to church?,’ and my response would be ‘Temple Continued on Page 34



This Jewish lawyer blogs about Chanukah. He also defends America’s most infamous Nazi. Randazza Legal Group

Mother for Harasstitular president By Ron Kampeas, JTA ment and Extortion – says, “America isn't WASHINGTON — Jay MarTAKE ACTION! easy. America is shall Wolman, like a thousand He included other lawyers on Twitter, is wry, advanced citizenGersh’s home adship. You’ve gotta maybe a little coarse and, well, dress and phone want it bad, ‘cause Jewish, peppering his tweets number, her it’s gonna put up with Hebrew blessings and husband’s business a fight. It’s gonna other Jewish references. contact informasay, ‘You want free He gets deadly serious, tion, and the Twitspeech? Let's see though, if you ask him why he ter handle of her is the lead attorney representing you acknowledge a 12-year old son. Andrew Anglin, America's most man whose words “Tell them what make your blood notorious Nazi. you think of his Wolman was in the headlines boil, who’s stand- Jay Marshall Wolman whore mother’s vifor his attempt to dismiss a law- ing center stage suit against Anglin alleging the and advocating at the top of his cious attack on the community of Whitefish,” Anglin wrote. Daily Stormer founder harassed lungs that which you would Wolman and Randazza in spend a lifetime opposing at the a Jewish real estate agent in their filing argue that the mestop of yours.’” Montana. Tanya Gersh’s suit sages against Gersh were “genWolman added: claims Anglin caused her “emo“I would spend a lifetime op- erally recognized antisemitic tional distress” last year when posing what was said, but I will tropes, without actual harm he called for a “troll storm” never allow antisemitism to de- reasonably to be construed.” against her and published her “And, even Nazi expression, rail my commitment to freedom personal information. no matter the psychic harm on of speech. In the words of JusWolman, according to the Jewish residents, is nonetheless tice Holmes, ‘hard cases make Missoulian, a Montana daily, protected speech," the filing bad law.’ Any restrictions the argued that Anglin was living said. abroad at the time and therefore courts might set on the speech Wolman works out of The is out of the court's jurisdiction. of a person whose speech you Randazza Legal Group’s office oppose will be undoubtedly Lawyers for Gersh and the applied, at some point down the in Hartford, Conn. On social Southern Poverty Law Center, media, he likes to take on antiroad, to the speech of a person which is assisting her, have semites. whose speech you support. been unable to find Anglin. Anglin isn’t the Randazza If Andrew Anglin does not Wolman is not shy in his firm’s only venture into rephave freedom social media Wikimedia Commons resenting trolls who have of speech, then profile about neither does the grated on Jewish sensibilities. In being Jewish, so another case, however, they are JTA.” I asked him why on the side of a plaintiff: Chuck Anglin and he thought it was Johnson, who is suing what's Gersh’s dispute a good idea to involves another left of Gawker, the bankrupt gosrepresent Anglin, sip site. In 2014, Gawker posted white supremawho heads an cist provocateur, an entry depicting Johnson as a online clearingRichard Spencer, flawed journalist and soliciting house of extreme information to back up embarwhose mother, antisemitic and like Gersh, lives rassing gossip from Johnson’s racist thought. college days. in Whitefish, Wolman, 41, Andrew Anglin runs the antiJohnson has himself pubdeclined an inter- semitic Daily Stormer website Mont. In December, Spencer lished the personal information view, but wrote of his perceived enemies, a pracposted an article at Medium acthe following: “As a Jewish cusing Gersh of threatening his tice that often leads to harassmember of the team representmother, Sherry, with harassment ment. He has on at least one ing Andrew Anglin, I can unoccasion denied the Holocaust. derstand why you are interested if she did not sell the commer(Johnson now says he regrets it.) cial building she owns in the in talking with me about why I asked Wolman to reconcile town. Gersh, a realtor, contends I represent him and how that defending Anglin and going relates to my identity. However, that Sherry Spencer initiated contact seeking to sell her build- after Gawker, at least in First I must, politely, decline the ing to head off the protests and Amendment terms. He replied invitation. Although I do not that defamation is not protected shy away from media inquiries, to calm the town roiled by the rising profile of her son. Richard speech. I do not tend to make myself a "The issues at stake in Mr. Spencer began to garner media subject of reporting. attention in 2016 for his support Anglin's case are different from “That said, as you will, unof the presidential candidacy of the issues in Mr. Johnson's," doubtedly, be reporting on me, Wolman said. "That I represent I would direct your attention to Donald Trump. Mr. Johnson in a defamation On Dec. 16, 2016, a day after our reference to the Aaron Sorclaim falls within the notion kin film, The American President. the Medium article appeared, of historically unprotected Anglin posted a screed titled Wolman included a quote speech." from that 1995 film in which the Jews Targeting Richard Spencer’s

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Wag the dog

Netanyahu, who fancies himself Mr. Security, may fire up his American audiences by sharing a warning from IDF chief of opBy Douglas Bloomfield erations Maj. Gen. Nitzan Alon He will repeat his new that chances for war are higher Prime Minister Benjamin favorite catch phrase about the Netanyahu can expect an Iranian nuclear agreement, fix it than ever for 2018 as Syria, Iran, and Hezbollah move to solidify enthusiastic response when he or nix it, and urge the crowd to speaks to the AIPAC annual press Congress for even tougher their gains against ISIS and turn their attention to Israel. policy conference in Washington sanctions on Iran. The lead headline on page in March. It’s an easy sell. Iran sancone of the New York Times on After all, the organization has tions have been at the top of been in his pocket since he was AIPAC’s lobbying agenda since Presidents Day said, Iran building up militias in Syria to menace the number two at the Israeli then Prime Minister Yitzhak Israel. Another Times report addembassy 35 years ago. Rabin urged the conservative, He has carefully cultivated pro-Likud lobby to focus on the ed Iran, deeply embedded in Syria, Expands ‘Axis of Resistance.’ the group’s moneyed machers potential nuclear threat from That's raw meat for Mr. and top officials, and he knows Tehran and keep their hands off Security. At the annual Munich he will be preaching to the his burgeoning peace process, converted. He will tell them of which he knew they didn't like. Security Conference in February, Netanyahu was rattling his his great friendship with Israel’s Iran bashing is a no-brainer saber in the shape of a part from devoted friend Donald Trump for AIPAC and a Republican an Iranian-made drone Israel and how together they will Congress that hated the agreeshot down the week before, saybring peace to the Middle East ment in no small part because and thwart the Iranian Haman it had the imprimatur of Barack ing he’s ready to go to war. He threatened to not just hit who threatens Israel daily. Obama. “Iran's proxies” but “Iran itself” He’ll throw in the usual lies That could lead to tightenif they get too close to Israel's about how much he wants ing the sanction screws to the borders. He is rightfully conpeace and it is all the Palesbreaking point. Netanyahu tinians’ fault that the conflict predicted Tehran will “do noth- cerned that Iran, with potential Russian protection, may build continues. ing” if Trump opts out; the permanent bases in Syria to He’ll deservedly boast about Iranian foreign minister called manufacture missiles and other progress he’s made in relations that “delusional thinking” and weapons and to train its proxies with Egypt, Jordan, Africa and said its response would make for war against Israel. especially the Saudis. opponents “sorry.” Talk of tangling with Iran will be at the top of Netanyahu’s agenda when he goes to the White House. Trump has said When everyone is a racist or a Nazi, no one is he will no longer certify Iran to As I read Cheri Crothers’ letter, Racist ideas resonate (February be in compliance with the nucle2018 Observer), I could not help but feel that labeling half the ar agreement, which Netanyahu country racist because they voted for Trump is self defeating in will applaud although many the extreme. among both countries’ nations’ Racism and Kristallnacht are not terms that should be military and intelligence leaders thrown around lightly. A negative side effect of indulgence in urge their leaders not to break identity politics is that terms once designated for the worst of the pact. It’s working, they’re society have become commonplace tools to inflict moral stigma saying, and if it is broken, Iran on all who challenge policy that is perceived to be the only will feel free to build a bomb humanitarian choice. now, not in a dozen years. Columnist Thomas Sowell eloquently writes: “There are Iran isn’t the only enemy the grown men and women who seriously believe that the differtwo leaders face. Both are at war ence between them and other people who favor different poliwith their nations’ top law encies is that they are...‘compassionate’ to the poor...Presumably, forcement agencies and the meothers don’t mind seeing...the poor starving. It’s hard to be dia. Both are under wide-ranghumble when you’re the morally anointed...Others don't think. ing investigation and could face They don’t want progress; they would just as soon stagnate or criminal charges that threaten to go backward (Washington Times, April 3, 1991).” drive them from office and posIn this case, people who want merit-based immigration are sibly to the slammer. labeled racist. The damage this toxic mind-set causes goes beNetanyahu faces the more yond the unethical prejudice regarding swaths of people. It also immediate threat. He is under waters down the potency of the term racist. The small success scrutiny in four separate corrupthe “alt right” (who are actually racist) had in mainstreaming tion cases (in one, several close themselves was in direct correlation to overuse and abuse of associates have recently been the term racist. This is what happens when you cry wolf too arrested) and police have just much — eventually the real thing will come and the townsrecommended his indictment in people will not buy it. two other cases involving bribWe just had the Torah portion of Mishpatim. We find a ery, fraud, and breach of trust. famous quote that many who are involved in social justice Among the charges is tradlove to quote: “Justice, justice you shall pursue.” Rabbi Simcha ing political favors for tens of Bunim of Peshischa asks why is the extra “justice” in the verse? thousands of dollars worth of He answers: to teach that even if your goal is justice, it must Cohiba Siglo V Cuban cigars be pursued through righteous means. We would all do well to and Dom Perignon pink chamtake that lesson to heart and reassess our methodology when pagne for his wife, Sara Netantrying to ensure “Never Again — to us or anyone.” yahu, who late-night comedian John Oliver dubbed “Israel's — Michoel Stern, Cincinnati Marie Antoinette.” Police have



recommended her indictment as well. In Washington, special counsel Robert Mueller is looking into the Russian role in the 2016 presidential election and other crimes. One of those lines of inquiry is believed to be possible obstruction of justice by the president for firing FBI Director James Comey for refusing to shut down the investigation of then-National Security Advisor Mike Flynn. Flynn is one of two former Trump campaign and White House officials to have pleaded guilty to charges in the Russia investigation; two others have been indicted and 13 Russian nationals have been charged with election interference. A lot more shoes are expected to fall. Trump and Netanyahu are understandably nervous about these investigations and can’t make them go away. That has led to speculation in both countries that they may be looking for a military diversion. Trump has been talked out — for now at least — of his yearning to give North Korea’s “little Rocket Man” Kim Jong Un, a “bloody nose” strike against his nuclear facilities. That could quickly ignite a major war and millions of deaths, Trump was told. A surgical strike against Iran — maybe its factories and militia allies in Syria or even a nuclear site in Iran — could be less costly, but also lead to wide ranging consequences. Thousands of American military and civilian personal in the region are potential targets. And Israel faces an estimated 150,000 missiles belonging to Hezbollah in Lebanon alone, plus thousands more in Syria and Iran, plus ground attacks on three fronts. Netanyahu has said if attacked by Iranian forces or proxies in Syria, Israel would retaliate against Iran itself. Similarly he has warned that if Hezbollah attacks, no part of Lebanon would be off limits to Israeli retaliation. The Gaza border is also heating up with the familiar cycle of rocket attacks and Israeli retaliation, and though both sides say they don't want it, a new war could erupt soon. That offers Netanyahu yet another opportunity for a diversionary war. The trouble with wagging the dog is it can come back and bite you. Douglas Bloomfield is a columnist based in Washington, D.C.

Israel needs Trump to contain Iran By Emily Landau The latest episode of Iran flexing its regional hegemonic muscles in the Middle East came with a direct and unprecedented military challenge to Israel. Iran used a technologically advanced drone — reverseengineered from a U.S. drone captured in 2011 — to penetrate Israel’s airspace. Israel took the drone down, and proceeded to strike Iranian and Syrian military targets deep in Syria. While Israel lost an F-16 in the exchange, the message to Iran and Syria regarding Israel’s willingness to respond quickly and decisively was clear, and the episode was over within a few hours. Different lessons can be drawn from this military clash, but the core issue is Iran’s ongoing presence in Syria: It’s goal is to assert itself there, and to call the shots, including vis-à-vis Israel. Iran strives to establish permanent Shiite militias in Syria that will fulfill its hegemonic designs for the Middle East, similar to the role played by its proxy, Hezbollah, in Lebanon. Israel made a conscious decision to remain on the sidelines of the civil war in Syria, intervening there and in Lebanon over the past years only in order to address direct security threats. It has carried out targeted strikes on convoys transferring advanced missiles from Iran to Hezbollah, and lately has made efforts to sabotage Iran’s plans to construct missile factories in both countries. For Israel these are unacceptable game changers in any future war that might erupt with Hezbollah. Israel will continue to act to ensure its security interests, while coordinating with Russia. Yet, the tension in IranianIsraeli relations will continue to percolate in Syria. Down the line, many predict that the next flare-up is virtually inevitable, possibly seeing Iran firing missiles into Israel, which could escalate to major warfare. But while the risks of escalation are real, they cannot be assessed in isolation from the wider context in Syria. Military moves by Iran in Syria that go beyond the bounds of the civil war will draw in other actors — whether those directly involved on the ground or on the side-


OPINION lines. Russia and the U.S. in particular have a strong interest in denying Iran such freedom of action, and they are the main parties that should be working to ensure Iranian restraint, and its ultimate departure from Syria. It is vitally important that the U.S. remain a key player in this region. While the administration has yet to carve out a comprehensive strategy regarding the Middle East, the Iran policy unveiled by Trump in mid-October clarified that all aspects of Iran's behavior are linked, and that U.S. policy will relate to the nuclear deal alongside the other issues: Iran’s missile tests, its support for terror and its regional aggressions. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson clarified in January that the U.S. will keep troops in Syria to among other things push back against Iranian influence. The U.S. response to the drone clash — emphasizing Israel’s right to defend itself — was strong and was welcomed by Israel, but more will be needed from the U.S. in order to contain the situation over the long-term. It will require diplomatic efforts vis-à-vis Russia and the Europeans, and there might soon be a need for targeted military action against the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps in Syria. Trump faces criticism that while he talks tough on Iran, he has yet to act. But rhetoric is important; it’s not “just talk.” Policy statements can change things in the real world, as seen with Trump’s declaration that Jerusalem is Israel’s capital, but also with regard to his approach to Iran. Moreover, Trump has taken action. He sanctioned Iran immediately for its missile tests last year. He did not tear up the nuclear deal immediately, as he had promised on the campaign trail, but no one really expected him to do so. In addition, his administration did carve out a new approach to the Iran deal that involves both words and deeds. His current threat to leave the deal is the only thing pushing the Europeans to finally begin discussions on how to address the deal’s blatant flaws. Since Trump was elected, significant portions of the U.S. foreign policy community refuse to take anything he says or does seriously. The cacophony of protestations makes it hard to debate policy options in an informed, nonpartisan manner, but such debate is sorely needed. A good starting point is to recognize that while the U.S. needs to do more to contain Iran in Syria, the administration is moving in the right direction on Iran — regarding the nuclear deal, and in its response to other aspects of Iranian behavior. Opposing the repressive and aggressive Iranian regime should be about the dangerous implications of Iran’s actions, not whether one supports or opposes the president. Emily Landau is a senior research fellow at The Institute for National Security Studies at Tel Aviv University and head of its Arms Control and Regional Security Program.

Must Israel do America’s dirty work? Netanyahu’s Munich speech in which he gives Iran a warning was denounced as a provocation. But the real alert is to a Trump administration still asleep at the wheel on Syria. GPO

doubt that the attempt By Jonathan S. Tobin to warn Russia, Syria, Whenever Israeli Prime Minister Iran, and Hezbollah of Netanyahu uses props for his speeches, the limits of the Jewish his critics pounce. That’s why some of state’s patience was not his usual detractors — both at home a complete success. and abroad — could barely contain In the wake of Iran’s their contempt for his decision to wave intervention in the a piece of debris from an Iranian drone Syrian civil war, Israel that violated Israeli airspace while now faces powerful speaking about the threat from the foes in the north as the Islamist regime at the Munich Security Hezbollah-dominated Conference on Feb. 18. Lebanon and the SyrFor the legion of Netanyahu critics ian regime of Bashar in both the Israeli and the international press, the drone will go down alongside Assad — and its Iranian, Hezbollah and Rusthe cartoon bomb picture he used at the sian allies — remain United Nations in 2012, when trying to essentially unchalillustrate the Iranian nuclear threat as Netanyahu displays a fragment of an Iranian drone destroyed another example of the prime minister’s lenged as they mop up over Israeli airspace at the Munich Security Conference the last remnants of the penchant for drama and hyperbole. content to continue his predecessor’s rebellion against Damascus. Critics dismissed the Israeli leader’s policy of letting Russia control what is Israel may hope that Russia has the attempt to focus the world on Iran’s use happening elsewhere in that country. will to restrain the actions of its Iranian of Syria as a military base and its agpartners. But as Iran just proved, its abil- Which means that for all of his bluster gression. Instead, they saw his rhetoric about Iran, its power is growing on his ity to exert military pressure on Israel as intended primarily for domestic watch as much as it did under Obama. has greatly increased. consumption. While no one expects or wants U.S. Iran’s enhanced strategic position But while politics is part of anyforces to directly engage the Iranians cannot be ignored. The financial and thing politicians do, there was more to in Syria, Trump can do Tehran more diplomatic assets it acquired via the unpack here than Netanyahu’s rivalry damage by announcing a firm date for nuclear deal it signed with the West, as with his right-wing coalition partners more sanctions on Iran, in addition to well as the certainty that or an attempt to distract a commitment to punish anyone who it will eventually be able Israelis from the corrupWaving the does business with the regime unless to get the bomb that the tion charges that have been drone debris it renegotiates the nuclear deal. That pact was supposed to stop brought against him by the would give the Europeans a stark choice was a warning it from obtaining, creates police. between doing business with Iran or Far from concealing his to America that a long-term threat that with the United States. Israel can’t avert on its true motive, Netanyahu if it doesn’t act, own. Combine that with Is Trump listening to Netanyahu? later admitted that the Given the president’s lack of interest Tehran’s ability to start a main audience for whom then Israel will. in serious policy discussions and the two-front war in the north the speech had been via Lebanon and Syria, and distractions posed by other issues, the intended was neither in answer is probably not. you have a volatile situation in which Israel nor Iran. The one person that he Waving the drone debris was a warneven a still powerful Israel no longer hoped would be listening was the chief ing to America that if it doesn’t act, then calls all the shots. of the White House. The only question What is the United States doing about Israel will. was whether President Donald Trump Russia’s involvement in this problem any of this? The short answer: nothing. was paying attention to a warning that complicates Israel’s options. But no President Trump still occasionally if the United States wasn’t prepared to matter what Moscow says, the Israelis talks tough about Iran but, as Reuters assert itself, Israel was more than prearen’t likely to tolerate Iran consolidathas reported, the State Department is pared to do. already watering down his demands for ing its hold on parts of Syria. All of As it has often done in the past, the which means that a Trump administraAmerica’s European allies to join him in Jewish state is willing to take on Amerition that has been asleep at the wheel on an attempt to fix the Iran deal or watch ca’s dirty work. Syria and Iran had better wake up soon the U.S. re-impose sanctions on Iran. Iran’s decision to violate Israeli air before the situation deteriorates. The sunset clauses in the deal must space set off a chain of events that Instead of mocking Netanyahu’s be ended, while restrictions on misinflicted serious damage on Iranian props, serious observers should be sile development and a more intrusive forces and Syrian anti-aircraft instalinspection regime must be imposed. But seconding his counsel that Trump must lations, even though it also led to the make it clear to Russian President Vladithe State Department seems to be aimshooting down of an Israeli air force jet. mir Putin that he won’t put up with Iran ing at creating an amorphous blueprint But while Israel’s enemies got the worst for consultations that will allow the U.S. turning Syria into a base from which it of that exchange, there was also little can attack Israel. And that it’s time to president to pretend that he is working change the nuclear deal. on these goals without actually making Trump has the leverage to make these any progress. So, what do you think? demands stick, if only he will use it. The What has this to do with the fightSend your letters alternative isn’t more empty diplomacy. ing along Israel’s northern border? The (350 words max., thanks) to: It’s letting a bad situation turn into short answer: everything. The Dayton Jewish Observer something far worse. Though Trump deserves credit for 525 Versailles Drive, helping to achieve a victory over ISIS in Dayton, OH 45459 Iraq and Eastern Syria, which eluded the Jonathan S. Tobin is editor in chief of JNS — the Jewish News Syndicate. Obama administration, he also appears



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Chabad Talmud Class: Wednesdays, 7:30 p.m. 2001 Far Hills Ave., Oakwood. 6430770. Temple Beth Or Tanach Study: Sat., March 3, 10 a.m. 5275 Marshall Rd., Wash. Twp. 4353400. Temple Israel Classes: Tuesdays, 5:30 p.m.: Musar. Wednesdays, noon: Talmud. Saturdays, 9:30 a.m.: Torah Study. 130 Riverside Dr., Dayton. 496-0050.


Temple Israel Ryterband Brunch Series: Sundays, 9:45 a.m. $7. March 4: Dayton Phil. Mus. Dir. Neal Gittleman, Happy 100th Leonard Bernstein. March 11: Dayton Jewish Observer Ed. & Pub. Marshall Weiss, Dayton Jewish History’s Mysteries. 130 Riverside Dr., Dayton. 496-0050. Dayton Jewish Genealogical Society: Interpreting DNA Results for Genealogy Purposes w. Diana Nelson. Sun., March 11, 11 a.m.-1 p.m. Bring a sack lunch if you like. Temple Israel, 130 Riverside Dr. R.S.V.P. to Molly Blumer, jmblumer@

Young Adults

YAD Shabbat Savvy Cooking Class: w. Rochel Simon. Sun., March 11, 10 a.m.-1 p.m. Learn to prepare Shabbat dinner. Boonshoft CJCE, 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville. $10. R.S.V.P. to

Cheryl Carne at Pay your own way. R.S.V.P. to 610-1555.


JCC Women’s Freedom Seder: Thurs., March 15, 6-9 p.m. Boonshoft CJCE, 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville. $30. R.S.V.P. by March 9 to 610-1555.



Purim at Beth Abraham: Wed., Feb. 28. Megillah at 6 p.m. Dinner at 7 p.m. ($20 adults, $10 children 3-12). Shpiel to follow. 305 Sugar Camp Cir., Oakwood. R.S.V.P. to 293-9520.


Purim at Temple Israel: Wed., Feb. 28. Megillah reading at 6 p.m. Spaghetti dinner & Purim carnival at 6:30 p.m. $6 adult, $4 ages 4-12. 130 Riverside Dr. R.S.V.P. to 496-0050.

Jewish Federation Men’s Event @ Top Golf: Sun., March 11, 2-6 p.m. 9568 Water Front Dr., West Chester. $20 includes food & golf. Cash bar. R.S.V.P. to 610-1555. PJ Library’s Learn To Make a Chocolate Matzah House: w. Marlene Pinsky. Tues., March 6, 6 p.m. Free. Boonshoft CJCE, 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville. R.S.V.P. to 610-1555. PJ Library’s Magical Night of Storytelling: w. Britzy the Friendly Clown. Face painting, book reading, Scholastic Book Fair, cookie decorating. Tues., March 13, 6 p.m. Free. Boonshoft CJCE, 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville. R.S.V.P. by March 5 to 610-1555.


Dayton Junior Youth Group @ Breakout Games: Sun., March 4, 2:45-4:30 p.m. 8120 Wash. Village Dr. $20. R.S.V.P. to 6101555.


JFS Active Adults Dine Around: Thurs., March 22, 11:30 a.m. Ray’s Wine Spirits Grill, 8268 N. Main St., Clayton.

Chabad Emoji Purim: Thurs., March 1, 5:30-8 p.m. Dinner, entertainment, children’s activities. 2001 Far Hills Ave., Oakwood. R.S.V.P. at or 643-0770, ext. 1. Temple Beth Or Purim Shpiel & Dinner: Fri., March 2, 6:30 p.m. 5275 Marshall Rd., Wash. Twp. 435-3400.

Temple Beth Or Second Night Passover Seder: Sat., March 31, 6 p.m. Vegetarian option available. 5275 Marshall Rd., Wash. Twp. For prices & to R.S.V.P., call 435-3400.

Temple Beth Or Corned Beef Festival: featuring the Temple Beth Or Brisketeers. Sat., March 10, 6-9 p.m. 5275 Marshall Rd., Wash. Twp. $25 (must be 21 or older). R.S.V.P. to 435-3400.

Temple Israel Second Seder: Sat., March 31, 6 p.m. 130 Riverside Dr. $30 adults, $15 children 4-10. Vegetarian option available w. advance request. R.S.V.P. by March 19 to 4960050.

Beth Abraham Synagogue Men’s Club Kosher Deli Dinner, Movie & Raffle: Sun., March 18, 6 p.m. $20. 305 Sugar Camp Cir., Oakwood. R.S.V.P. by March 14 to 293-9520.

Community Events

Temple Israel Share Shabbat: Fri., March 2, 6 p.m. Service followed by potluck dinner. Temple provides chicken, challah & wine. Participants provide sides. 130 Riverside Dr., Dayton. 496-0050.

Temple Israel Torah On Tap: Thurs., March 22, 5:30 p.m. Drinks & discussion w. rabbi about Judaism. First round on temple. At Dublin Pub, 300 Wayne Ave.

Beth Jacob Congregation Rabbi-In-Residence Weekend: Fri., March 23, 6:15 p.m. JCC Night In Vegas: Sat., Shabbat Services followed March 3, 7:30-11:30 p.m. by dinner at 7:30 p.m. ($18 in Boonshoft CJCE, 525 Versailles advance). Sat., March 24, 9:30 Dr., Centerville. $25 advance, a.m. services & Kiddush. 7020 N. $35 at door. R.S.V.P. to 610-1555. Main St., Wash. Twp. 274-2149.


Temple Beth Or Seder 101: With chef Stan Karp. Sun., March 25, 6 p.m. Matzah ball demo & tips to customize Haggadah. 5275 Marshall Rd., Wash. Twp. R.S.V.P. to 4353400. Chabad First Night Passover Seder: Fri., March 30, 7:30 p.m. $36 adults, $20 students, $15 children. 2001 Far Hills Ave., Oakwood. R.S.V.P. to Rabbi Levi Simon, 643-0770, ext. 1.



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The Dayton Literary Peace Prize Foundation announced that Mark Meister has been named its executive director. Mark recently retired as president and CEO of the Dayton Society of Natural History, where he oversaw the Boonshoft Museum, SunWatch, and Fort Ancient. Mark has been a member of the DLPP Board of Trustees since its inception and has volunteered as co-chair of DLPP since its early years.

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Rachel Haug Gilbert Joel Kaplan has been accepted to Centerville High School’s culinary arts and restaurant management program for his junior and senior years; he was selected as one of 18 participants out of more than 100 applicants. Joel’s parents are Danna and Rich Kaplan. HUC-JIR/New York fifth year rabbinical student Joshua Mikutis and rabbinical student Andrue Kahn are producing a series of half-hour podcasts, Nu, Rabbi? as a platform for students to discuss religious issues that affect their daily lives. Joshua is the son of Suzi and Jeff Mikutis. Stuart and Mimi Rose will be the special honorees at The Miami Valley School’s 30th Annual Gala on March 3. The Ohio Arts Council and Ohio Citizens for The Arts Foundation will also honor the Roses at the Governor’s Awards for the Arts Luncheon on May 16 in Columbus for their support as arts patrons.


The Dayton Art Institute presented Renate Frydman with its Houk Award for Excellence in Art Education in honor of the many students that she has reached through the annual Max May Memorial Holocaust Art Contest and Exhibition. Renate, chair of the Dayton Holocaust Committee and curator of Prejudice and Memory: A Holocaust Exhibit on permanent display at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force, works with the DAI to select art from the competition for an exhibition at the museum each year. Renate received the award at the museum’s annual meeting Feb. 22.

Russell-Katz David Katz, son of Linda and Allan Katz of Dayton, was married to Amanda Russell at the National Museum of Josh Zwelling is the new owner American Jewish History in and operator of Rosenblum’s Philadelphia in August. David Judaica in Skokie, Ill. He invites is the executive director of everyone to visit the store when Hillel 818, serving students at they’re in the Chicago area. California State University at His wife, Deva, is the director Northridge. Amanda, daughter of development at Ida Crown of Debra Fickler and Steven Jewish Academy; their son Russell of Wayne, Pa., is a Jacob is a finance major at the student at the American Jewish Sy Syms School of Business University's Ziegler School of at Yeshiva University in New Rabbinic Studies. The couple York; daughter Ariella is on a resides in Sherman Oaks. gap year in Israel; son Zeke is a freshman in high school at Ida Crown Jewish Academy; and daughter Jordana is a sixth grader at Hillel Torah North Suburban Day School. USAF Col. Jack Leet was awarded four posthumous awards of distinction for meritorious and exceptional efforts during his service. He served during World War II, the Korean and Vietnam Wars. Send your Kvelling items to: or to Rachel Haug Gilbert The Dayton Jewish Observer 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville, OH 45459

Wendy Rachlin and Roger Pankake are pleased to announce the birth of their grandchild, Julia Paige Rachlin, born to Kevin and Jennifer Rachlin of Arlington, Va. on Jan. 26. Send lifecycles to: The Dayton Jewish Observer, 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville, OH 45459 • Email: There is a $10 charge to run a photo; please make checks payable to The Dayton Jewish Observer.

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Happy Passover 937-222-3345 Historic East Dayton PAGE 18

Weprin-Matasar Gail and Stuart Weprin are pleased to announce the engagement of their daughter, Abby, to Jono Matasar, son of Laurie and David Matasar of Chicago. Abby is the granddaughter of Charlotte Greenblatt of Mason, Ohio and the late Sidney Greenblatt, and the late Pookie and Charles Weprin. Jono is the grandson of Layne Horwich of Highland Park, Ill., the late Harris Horwich, and the late Evelyn and Nathan Matasar. Abby is a vice president with Bank of America, and Jono is in business development for Ferguson Facilities Supply. Abby and Jono reside in Chicago, where a summer wedding is planned.



A healthy breakfast is an essential building block to a great day…so is building time with Dad at Bagels and Blocks! (L–R) Matt and Samuel Sierschula enjoy creative time together after breakfast during our annual JCC event early at Early Childhood. childhood

PHOTO CREDIT: Shawna Balog

Marshall Weiss gives the Active Adults a sneak peek into the mysteries of Jewish Dayton he discovered while researching his forthcoming book. PHOTO CREDIT: Tara Feiner

Sara Nicholaisen in JCC Children's Theatre's production of Tarzan! Special thanks and mazel tov to the staff: Richard Lee Waldeck, Jamie Pavlofsky, Brett Greenwood and Tamar Fishbein, for a successful season! PHOTO CREDIT: Peter Wine







PROGRAMS SUNDAY 4 DAYTON JYG Dayton Junior Youth Group Escapes! 2:45–4:30PM @ Breakout Games Dayton (8120 Washington Village Dr, 45458) Join your friends as we work together to solve the mystery and "break out!" $20 per person. SUNDAY 11 YAD (AGES 21–35) Shabbat Savvy Cooking Class 10AM–1PM @ Boonshoft CJCE Learn how to prepare a delicious Shabbat dinner, challah to dessert, with Rochel Simon. $10 per person.

SATURDAY 3 JCC A Night in Vegas 7:30–11:30PM @ Boonshoft CJCE Enjoy Blackjack, a Texas Hold’em Tournament, Silent Auction, and Euchre Tournament at the JCC’s annual fundraiser. Featuring an appearance by the Rubi Girls. Ticketing options online.


SUNDAY 11 JFGD Men’s Event @ Top Golf 2–6PM @ Top Golf (9568 Water Front Dr., West Chester, 45069) Join us for the inaugural event of our new Men’s Group. Enjoy great food and the camaraderie of your community. Representative Fred Strahorn joins us. $20 per person includes food & golf experience. Cash bar.

TUESDAY 13 ECCE & PJ LIBRARY A Magical Night of Storytelling 6–7PM @ Boonshoft CJCE A magical night of storytelling with Britzy the Friendly Clown and a chance to shop the JCC Early Childhood Scholastic Book Fair. Part of our Tuesdays with the J series. Please RSVP by March 5.






WED 14





THURSDAY 15 JCC Women’s Seder 6–9PM @ Boonshoft CJCE Join us as we celebrate the 4th Dayton Women’s Freedom Seder, Finding Your Roots: A Path to Freedom. $30 per person.

THURSDAY 22 JFS Active Adults Dine Around 11:30AM @ Ray’s Wine Spirits Grill (8268 N. Main St., Dayton) Cost on your own.





FOR MORE INFORMATION OR TO RSVP (unless noted): 937-610-1555

$20/4 week session beginning April 10. $10/drop ins. Classes w/Shelly Joiner.

Krav Maga

Tuesdays @ 6:30–7:30PM

$50/4 week session beginning March 6. Become safer and more confident by learning real world survival tactics. Register directly with instructor Tim Tharp at

Mahj Lessons

Tuesdays @ 6–7:30PM

$25/4 week session beginning March 6. Mah jongg is a game of skill, strategy, and calculation with a bit of chance. Instructor Cathy Gardner. 4 people minimum. PAGE 20




SAT 10








Tuesdays @ 6:15–7:15PM RSVPs due at least 1 week before event. Events with no price listed are free.


TUESDAY 6 JCC Learn to make a Matzah House with Marlene Pinsky 7–8:30PM @ Boonshoft CJCE Learn how to make houses out of matzah and other ingredients. Ages 18 and up. Part of our Tuesdays with the J.

The JCC Women's Seder is partnering with Jewish Family Services and Montgomery County Children’s Services to collect the following all new items: › › › › ›

diapers (preemie are in high need) sleepers (all sizes, but preemie are in high need) baby blankets pacifiers baby toys

Items can be donated at Beth Abraham Synagogue, Beth Jacob Congregation, Chabad, Temple Beth Or, Temple Israel, and the Boonshoft CJCE through the end of March. THE DAYTON JEWISH OBSERVER • MARCH 2018





Join Our Grandparents Program!

D IN NE R 201 8




PJ Grandparents is an innovative way to connect with your grandchildren through Judaism. Receive PJ Library books to share with your grandchildren and join us for topical discussions and advice on how to share our Jewish traditions with the next generation. Would you like to be a part of the PJ Library Grandparents program? Contact Rachel Haug Gilbert at or 937-610-1794.

Sunday, June 3, 2018 Invitation to follow. Seating is limited.

For more information contact Juliet Glaser at



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Legacies, Tributes, & Memorials FEDERATION

PAST PRESIDENTS FUND IN MEMORY OF › Stephen Wargo Cathy Gardner PJ LIBRARY FUND IN MEMORY OF › Arthur Carne Marcia and Ed Kress LINDA RUCHMAN MEMORIAL FUND IN MEMORY OF › John E. Breidenbach › Suzanne Rubin Judy and Marshall Ruchman FLORENCE SHAPIRO EDUCATION FUND IN MEMORY OF › Dr. MJ Freeman Bobbie Kantor Brenda and Scott Meadow ALLAN RINZLER FAMILY PHILANTHROPIC FUND IN MEMORY OF › Sandra Ross Ellie and Bob Bernstein

ANNUAL CAMPAIGN IN HONOR OF › Birthday of Bruce Feldman Randy Farrow and Stan Lefco IN MEMORY OF › Sandy Fogel Bobbie Kantor Brenda and Scott Meadow › Helene Sternberg Donna and Marshall Weiss › Arthur Carne Janese and Dan Sweeny Judy and Dr. Howard Abromowitz Elaine and Joe Bettman Renee and Dr. Frank Handel & Family Susan and Jonas Gruenberg JCC

FELDMAN FAMILY BBYO FUND IN HONOR OF › Special birthday of Bruce Feldman Cathy Gardner

BARBARA FLAGEL PLAYGROUND FUND IN HONOR OF › Retirement of Bernie Rabinowitz Kim and Dan Shaffer IN MEMORY OF › Barbara Flagel Kim and Dan Shaffer EARLY CHILDHOOD FUND IN MEMROY OF › Arthur Carne Dr. Sara and Dr. David Shuster CAROLE RABINOWITZ YOUTH JEWISH EXPERIENCE FUND IN HONOR OF › Special Birthday of Bruce Feldman › Speedy recovery of Marni Flagel Bernard Rabinowitz IN MEMORY OF › Helene Sternberg › John E. Breidenbach Bernard Rabinowitz



JFS DIRECTOR’S DISCRETIONARY FUND IN MEMORY OF › Helene Sternberg Cathy Gardner JEWISH FAMILY SERVICES IN HONOR OF › Lynn Foster’s new granddaughter › Speedy recovery of Sandy Ingberg Margie and Dr. Otis Hurst IN MEMORY OF › Emery Geller Dolores and Dr. Charles Fried › Sonna Tuck Bobbie Kantor Brenda and Scott Meadow › Dr. MJ Freeman Jane and Dr. Gary Hochstein › Joe Hollander Margy and Dr. Otis Hurst


JEREMY BETTMAN B’NAI TZEDEK FUND IN MEMORY OF › Lynn James › Norman Bowman Elaine and Joe Bettman › Suzanne Rubin › Arthur Carne Jean and Todd Bettman › Jerry Caruso Jean, Todd, Michael and Jeremy Bettman SAMMY’S RAINBOW BRIDGE FUND IN MEMORY OF › “Scrappy Miller” Jean and Todd Bettman



SATURDAY, MARCH 3 @ 7:30–11:30PM @ Boonshoft CJCE (525 Versailles Dr., 45459)

g an Featurin rom nce f appeara

Join us for games, music, and great company!







Alcoholic beverages, gourmet kosher hot dog bar, and snacks available for purchase (complimentary soda and water provided). GENERAL ADMISSION: $25 in advance $35 at the door



High Roller VIP: $100 Complimentary food, 2 alcoholic beverages, a flashing badge, and acknowledgement in the Dayton Jewish Observer. Texas Hold’em tournament: $100 in advance/ $125 at the door Tournament starts promptly at 8PM. Please arrive at least 10 minutes prior. Euchre tournament: $10 Tournament starts promptly at 8PM. Please arrive at least 10 minutes prior.


Active Adults

dine around Thursday, March 22

Thursday, March 15

11:30AM @ Ray's Wine Spirits Grill (8268 N Main St., 45415) Cost is on your own. RSVP by JEWISH COMMUNITY Relations Council March 15.

6–9PM @ Boonshoft CJCE $30 per person. RSVP online at or by phone at 937-610-1555 by March 1. Please consider contributing $18 in honor or in memory of someone you will miss at your Seder this Passover.

of Greater Dayton

Peace by Piece: Monday, April 9, 7–9PM @ Dayton Art Institute (456 Belmonte Park North, 45405)

Art as a Catalyst Council for SocialRelations Justice

JEWISH COMMUNITY of Greater Dayton


Relations Council of Greater Dayton

Miri Golan, featured in DAI's newest exhibit Above the Fold: New Expressions in Origami, takes part in a panel discussion about the benefits and challenges of using art as a catalyst to unite people of different religious and cultural backgrounds. After the panel discussion, enjoy a dessert reception and the Above the Fold exhibit. Peace by Piece is in partnership with the Dayton Art Institute. $20 per person. RSVP at or by calling 937-610-1555 by April 2. This event is made possible through a grant from the World Religion Foundation. PAGE 22



CONGREGATIONS Beth Abraham Synagogue Conservative Rabbi Joshua Ginsberg Cantor/Dir. of Ed. & Programming Andrea Raizen Monday through Friday 6:50 a.m. & 5:30 p.m. Fri., 5:30 p.m. Sat. 9 a.m. Sundays at 8:30 a.m. 305 Sugar Camp Circle, Oakwood. 293-9520. Beth Jacob Congregation Traditional Rabbi In Residence Adam Rosenthal Saturdays 9:30 a.m., Sundays 8 a.m., Sunday through Friday, 7 p.m. 7020 N. Main St., Dayton. 274-2149. Temple Anshe Emeth Reform Rabbinic Intern Taylor Poslosky Fri., March 23, 7:30 p.m. 320 Caldwell St., Piqua. Call Eileen Litchfield, 937-5470092, Correspondence address: 3808 Beanblossom Rd., Greenville, OH 45331. Temple Beth Or Reform Rabbi Judy Chessin Educator/Rabbi Ari Ballaban Fridays 7 p.m. Saturdays 10 a.m. 5275 Marshall Rd., Wash. Twp. 435-3400. Temple Beth Sholom Reform Rabbi Haviva Horvitz See Web site for schedule. 610 Gladys Dr., Middletown. 513-422-8313. Temple Israel Reform Senior Rabbi Karen Bodney-Halasz Rabbi/Educator Tina Sobo First Friday each month 6 p.m. All other Fridays, 6:30 p.m. Saturdays 10:30 a.m. 130 Riverside Dr., Dayton. 496-0050. Temple Sholom Reform Rabbi Cary Kozberg Fridays 6 p.m. 2424 N. Limestone St., Springfield. 399-1231.

ADDITIONAL SERVICES Chabad of Greater Dayton Rabbi Nochum Mangel Associate Rabbi Shmuel Klatzkin Youth & Prog. Dir. Rabbi Levi Simon. Beginner educational service Saturdays 9 a.m. adults, 10 a.m children. Sundays 9 a.m. 2001 Far Hills Ave. 643-0770. Yellow Springs Havurah Independent Services 1st & 3rd Saturdays, 10-noon. Antioch College Rockford Chapel. Contact Cheryl Levine, 937-767-9293.


The Polish Esther


By Rabbi Judy Chessin Temple Beth Or “Then Haman said to King Ahashverus: ‘There is a certain people dispersed among the peoples in all the provinces of your kingdom who keep themselves separate. Their customs are different from those of all other people, and they do not obey the king’s laws; it is not in the king’s best interest to tolerate them (Scroll of Esther 3:8).’”

trumped up blood-libel and well-poisoning charges and rampant pogroms. And in a remarkable echo of the Purim story, tradition has it that it was Casimir’s Jewish Queen Esther who inspired the king’s tolerance. While hunting in the forest, Casimir chanced upon a wild animal threatening the lovely daughter of a Detail of Casimir the Great Arriving at poor Jewish tailor from the House of his Mistress Esterke by Opoczno. Her name was Władysław Łuszczkiewicz, 1869 Esther (Esterke in Yiddish). On the eve of this year’s The king fell madly in love and unfaithful to her, she committed suicide by jumping out a anniversary of International took her as a wife or consort window of her castle. Holocaust Remembrance Day, (depending on who is telling Jewish folklore does not Polish President Andrzej Duda the story). speak of suicide but reports that introduced a bill outlawing Casimir set aside an enclave after her death, a heartbroken the use of the term “Polish north of Krakow for all the Casimir removed Esterke’s death camp” and criminalizing Jews and built Esterke a spaeyes and heart and placed them accusations against Poles for cious castle, which included a on the wall near his bed in a complicity in the Holocaust, tunnel leading to his palace in mounting inlaid with gold and including the murder of three Wawel. Esterke served as the million Polish Jews. king’s adviser, encouraging him precious gems. Tradition has it that without her eyes and heart, A firestorm ensued when to build not in wood but stone, Esterke was never able to find Israeli Prime Minister Benjatolerate different religious her way to the World to Come. min Netanyahu condemned faiths, engage in free trade, These macabre tales hint the law as Holocaust and support Poland’s denial, and the U.S. cultural development. at the ambivalence Poles and Jews felt about blending their State Department said Casimir’s subsequent cultures and the existential gulf it undermined free loyalty to his lover’s speech. people made Poland a between the Jews and their Polish Catholic neighbors. The Polish relationparadise for the Jews. Poles never embraced a Jewship with its Jews has Such a beautiful ish queen as a heroine, decrying always been ambivalove story of crossher impure motives, suggesting lent, fraught with hosing faith and cultural that she exploited her status as pitality and hostility, boundaries seems the king’s beloved simply to compatriotism and the stuff of fairy Rabbi Judy Chessin advance the interest of her alien complicity, heroism tales. Playwright people, “a people apart.” and hatred. Aaron Zeitlin depicts And the Jews were conflicted On the one hand, countless Casimir saying to his Esterke, about celebrating the intermarPolish people risked their lives “We shall die. But so long as to save Jews before and during your race and mine inhabit this riage of Esterke and the Cathothe war. On the other, Poland earth, it is not ended, Esterke of lic king. As in the Purim story, Jewish lore implies Esterke’s is a nation with a longstandOpoczno!” act of self-sacrifice was only for ing tradition of antisemitism. Yet Haman’s perennial the survival of the larger Jewish Without its citizens’ complicity, distrust of “a people apart” community. However, beware, the Germans could not have pervades the Polish Queen for in following her eyes and carried out their deeds. Such Esterke’s story even as it was heart, Esterke literally lost them. ambivalence is nothing new. a central motif in the life of the As in the Purim story, there Before World War II, there Persian Queen Esther. are no overt miracles, yet we see were 3.5 million Jews in Poland, Polish folklore says the king the Divine hand in the actions about 10 percent of the general never married Esterke, that of our heroes and the survival population. How did the Jews she was simply his mistress. of our people. get there in such large numCasimir’s wives — Anna of Neither will there be Divine bers? As Jews fled persecution Lithuania, Edelheit of Hesse, intervention in today’s world of in Western Europe in the 12thand Hedwig of Zagan — were increasing antisemitism, intoler14th centuries, Poland opened jealous of the king’s paramour, ance and Holocaust denial. It its doors to our people in hopes especially since Esterke was remains our task to be God’s of economic enrichment. the only woman to give Cahands and voice fighting hatred, Within a short time, Poland simir sons. The jealous wives bigotry and historical revisionbecame a homeland to Ashkescratched evil epitaphs on the ism. nazi Jewry. Jewish tradition has walls of Esterke’s house deniOr as it is written: “If you fail it that, as Jews migrated eastgrating her as an inferior forto speak up now deliverance ward, they heard God proclaim eigner. Jewish legends suggest will have to come from an“Poh lin” (here rest), and from that only her kosher mezuzah other quarter, but you and your this we get the Hebrew name protected Esterke from Casihousehold will perish. Who for Poland: Polin. mir’s wives’ evil designs. No king was more welcomPolish lore turns even darker knows whether you have been put here for a time just as this ing than Casimir III (1310-1370), suggesting that when Esterke (Esther 4:14).” who protected the Jews from learned the king had been



Candle Lightings Shabbat, March 2 6:12 p.m. Shabbat, March 9 6:19 p.m. Shabbat, March 16 7:27 p.m. Shabbat, March 23 7:34 p.m. Shabbat, Erev Pesach March 30 7:41 p.m. First Eve Pesach, March 31 8:40 p.m.

Purim The Feast of Lots March 1 • 14 Adar Commemorates the rescue of the Jews in ancient Persia. The reading of the Book of Esther, costumes, grogers (noisemakers), and eating hamantashen are part of this festival.


Passover March 31-April 7 • 15-22 Nisan Eight-day festival celebrating the Exodus of the Israelites from Egypt. Leavened bread products are not eaten.

Torah Portions March 3 Ki Tissa (Ex. 30:11-34:35) March 10 Vayakhel-Pekudei (Ex. 35:1-40:38; Num. 19:1-22) March 17 Vayikra (Lev. 1:1-5:26; Num. 28:9-15; Ex. 12:1-20) March 24 Tzav (Lev. 6:1-8:36)


RELIGION By Abigail Pogrebin, JTA

Purim is a dark story marked by a crazy party. I’m still unsure why a close brush with extermination became, in the Middle Ages, an opportunity for costumes and farce, but there you have it. It’s the fifth century BCE, about a hundred years after the First Temple’s destruction. The Jews who were exiled to Babylon are now ruled by the Persian king, Ahashverus, who thinks highly of himself. In the city of Shushan, the king’s adviser, Haman, is a cruel Jew-hater. He hatches a plan to kill all the Jews and draws lots (purim) to pick the day it will happen, persuading Ahashverus to go along. A proclamation is made throughout the kingdom: On that day, all Jews shall be killed. A Jew named Mordechai entreats his cousin, the gorgeous Queen Esther, to prevent it by pleading for mercy with her husband the king. Esther was married to Ahashverus essentially against her will. He chose her out of a bevy of prospective wives at a banquet after banishing his thenwife, Vashti, who refused to display her beauty for his guests. (Some say she refused to dance naked.) Esther’s Jewish roots were kept secret when she married the king, so for her to now entreat her husband would mean exposing her Judaism — not to mention that in those days it was life threatening to approach the king without having been summoned. Nevertheless, she plucks up the courage, successfully appeals to her husband and foils the massacre. The king kills Haman and his sons, and then, because Queen Esther by Edwin Long, 1878 the proclamation could not officially be canceled according to Persian law, gant Norman Roth, 76, a retired accounthe Jews can only defend themselves. tant, has been writing and directing the Some say they took self-defense too far, shul’s shpiel for three decades. slaughtering 75,000. Some of his past triumphs line the Purim’s modern observance, at least stairway in colorful, theatrical show in Reform synagogues I’ve visited, does posters with titles like Michael Jacknot focus on that brutal coda, highlight- son’s The Thriller Megiller, Les Mis — Les ing instead the reenactment of cruel Ha- Me-gillah, and Oh What a Shpiel — The man and courageous Esther. The ritual Jersey Boys Megillah. This year’s theme is is to read aloud the story from a scroll Elvis. One of Roth’s lyrics riffs on Blue of parchment known as the megillah, Suede Shoes, when the king tells Haman, which has the biblical book of Esther “Don’t you step on my Shushan Jews.” inscribed on it. Roth takes great pride in his shpiel The narrative is then often theatrical- scripts. And he points out that in his ized with wacky costumes in a play librettos, Haman never dies. called a shpiel. “We have very few men in the show, Whenever Haman is mentioned durso we need Haman for the closing numing the satire, people “boo” vigorously ber. We never kill him off,” he says. or spin noisemakers, called groggers, to I ask Roth if it gives him pause to drown out his name. know he’s leaving out the real bloody Purim is, hands down, the biggest end of the story — the 75,000 slain. party of the Jewish year. Simchat Torah “I don’t think God really let that happales by comparison, with its sips of pen,” he says. “That’s human beings single malt. This is the Big Megillah writing that story, not God.” (wordplay intended), and we’re supBut it’s in the megillah, I point out. posed to get so trashed that we can’t tell “It’s not in my megillah,” Roth counthe difference between Mordechai (good ters. guy) and Haman (really bad). But my amusement is tempered when I decide to sample some of the I remember I have to fast before this elaborate shpiel-prep under way in New holiday. York, so I spent an evening watching reIt must be embroidered on a sampler hearsals at the Stephen Wise Synagogue somewhere: “Before Jews party, they on the Upper West Side, where congreshould suffer.” The day before Purim is

out of your own future. And then you have someone like Mordechai who says, ‘No, this is your time. Take advantage. Leap into that.’” I think about the challenges I’ve avoided; the moments I’ve chickened out. A few come to mind, both large and quotidian: causes I didn’t fight for (gun control), people I haven’t aided (domestic-abuse victims and Rwandan refugees), articles I didn’t pitch (a long list), physical feats I avoided (parasailing). But this holiday forces me to reflect on leadership — what it means to be thrust forward when that wasn’t your plan. Seven months earlier, I was asked by the current president of New York’s Central Synagogue if I would be interested in being considered to succeed him. The very request left me choked up. The job is not only a tremendous honor, it’s also daunting and important. I love Central in a way I never expected to love an institution. I’ve seen how clergy can deepen daily life, how a synagogue community can anchor a family. But if you had asked me back in college, when I was focused on being an actor or writer, if I thought I’d end up as a shul president, I’d have said, “In what universe?” Now this invitation feels like a blessing and a test: Can you do your part to guide a place that has challenged and changed you? Obviously, being a board president isn’t comparable to Esther’s assignment. But Judaism is always asking us to apply epic stories to everyday decisions. I say yes to Central’s president and yes to Esther’s fast, even though it’s another holiday that few around me Taanit Esther, the Fast of Esther. This will observe. be my fourth fast of the year, with two “The joy of victory in her story is more to go. so much more colorful, rich and deep Taanit Esther is not in the Bible, but when you participate in the suffering,” was created by the rabbis in the eighth Brown says. “The joy that I experience century. The fast springs from the book every Purim is heightened by the fact of Esther — in the Bible’s Writings secthat I’ve fasted and I’ve tried to put mytion — when Esther decides to prepare self in that moment of risk — leadership herself to confront her husband by fast- risk — that Esther took all those years ing for a day. ago because so much pivoted on that One Esther expert is Erica Brown, one individual.” a Washington, D.C.I love Brown’s term based author and “leadership risk” beeducator. cause as I get older, I’ve “The thing that I come to see how those most admire about the words are conjoined. Esther story,” she tells Trying to lead is me over the phone, “is risky, but then so is its notion of the tests not trying. Despite my that are thrown at an mother’s feminist inindividual and the way culcation, I often worry in which they transthat people will see form themselves as a audacity in my saying result.” “I’m up to the task.” Esther reminds me Brown continues: “Esther’s cousin, to stop apologizing for myself and get Mordechai, says to her, essentially, on with it. ‘How do you know you weren’t put in Then again, she was saving lives, this position of royalty for exactly this which is a little more pressing. moment?’ I would throw in the Sheryl Sandberg ‘Lean In’ way of looking at this, of initially having the insecurity to Adapted from Abigail Pogrebin’s book, say, ‘I’m not the right person. I can’t do My Jewish Year: 18 Holidays, One this for any number of reasons.’ You opt Wondering Jew.

Purim is a call to leadership


Esther reminds me to stop apologizing for myself and get on with it.



Thanks for your kindness & prayers for Gertrude. May you all have a rewarding Passover.

Nine things you may not know about Passover 1. In Gibraltar, there’s dust in the charoset.

The traditional charoset is a sweet Passover paste; its texture is meant as a reminder of the mortar the enslaved Jews used to build in ancient Egypt. The name itself is related to the Hebrew word for clay. In Ashkenazi tradition, it is traditionally made from crushed nuts, apples and sweet red wine, while Sephardi Jews use figs or dates. But the tiny Jewish community of this small British territory at the tip of the Iberian Peninsula takes the brick symbolism to another level, using the dust of actual bricks in their recipe.

2. Abraham Lincoln died during Passover.

The 16th American president was shot at Ford’s Theatre on Friday, April 14, 1865, which coincided with the fourth night of Passover (and the Christian observance of Good Friday). The next morning, Jews who didn’t frequently attend synagogue were so moved by Lincoln’s passing they made their way to synagogues, where the normally celebratory Passover services were instead marked by acts of mourning and the singing of Yom Kippur hymns. American Jews were so affected by the president’s death that Congregation Shearith Israel in New York recited the prayer for the dead — usually said only for Jews — on Lincoln’s behalf.

3. Arizona Is a hub for matzah wheat.

Chasidic Jews from Brooklyn have been increasingly sourcing wheat for their Passover matzah from farmers in Arizona. Excessive moisture in wheat kernels can result in fermentation, rendering the harvest unsuitable for Passover use. But rain is scarce in Arizona, which allows for a stricter standard of matzah production. Rabbis from New York travel to Arizona in the days leading up to the harvest, where they inspect the grains meticulously to ensure they are cut at the precise moisture levels.

4. At the Seder, Persian Jews whip each other with scallions.

Many of the Passover Seder rituals are intended to re-create the sensory experience of Egyptian slavery, from the eating of bitter herbs and matzah to the dipping of greenery in saltwater, which symbolizes the tears shed by the oppressed Israelites. Some Jews from Iran and Afghanistan have the tradition of whipping each other with green onions before they sing Dayenu.

5. Karaite Jews skip the wine.

Karaite Jews reject rabbinic Judaism, observing only laws detailed in the Torah. That's why they don’t drink the traditional four cups of wine at the Seder. Wine is fermented, and fermented foods are prohibited to them on Passover, so instead they drink fruit juice. (Mainstream Jews hold that only fermented grains are prohibited.) The Karaites also eschew other staples of the traditional Seder, including the Seder plate and charoset. Their maror (bitter herbs) is a mixture of lemon peel, bitter lettuce and an assortment of other herbs.

of observing two Seder days was instituted just to be sure.

7. You’re wrong about the orange on the Seder plate.

Some progressive Jews have adopted the practice of including an orange on the Seder plate as a symbol of inclusion of gays, lesbians and other groups marginalized in the Jewish community. The story goes that the practice was instituted by the feminist scholar Susannah Heschel after she was told that a woman belongs on the synagogue bima (stage) like an orange belongs on a Seder plate. But according to Heschel, that story is false. In that apocryphal version, she said, “a woman’s words are attributed to a man, and the affirmation of lesbians and gay men is erased. Isn’t that precisely what’s happened over the centuries to women’s ideas?”

8. The word afikomen isn’t Hebrew.

For many Seder participants, the highlight of the meal is the afikomen, a broken piece of matzah that the Seder leader hides and the children search for; the person who finds the afikomen usually gets a small reward. Most scholars believe the word afikomen derives from the Greek word for dessert. Others say it refers to a kind of postmeal revelry common among the Greeks. Either theory would explain why the afikomen is traditionally the last thing eaten at the Seder.

Best wishes to all for a Happy Passover

9. For North African Jews, after Passover comes Mimouna.

Most people are eager for a break from holiday meals when the eight-day Passover holiday concludes. But for the Jews of North Africa, the holiday’s end is the perfect time for another feast, Mimouna, marking the beginning of spring. Celebrated after nightfall on the last day of Passover, Mimouna is marked by a large spread of foods and opening homes to guests. The celebration is often laden with symbolism, including fish for fertility and golden rings for wealth. — JTA

Bea Harris

Best wishes to all for a Happy Passover Donna, Marshall, Levi & Adina Weiss

Beth Abraham, Dayton’s only Conservative synagogue, is enthusiastically egalitarian and is affiliated with the United Synagogue of Conservative Judaism.

6. Israeli Jews have only one Seder.

Israeli Jews observe only one Passover Seder, unlike everywhere else where traditionally two Seders are held, one on each of the first two nights of the holiday. Known as yom tov sheni shel galuyot, the second festival day of the Diaspora, the practice began more than 2,000 years ago when Jews were informed of the start of a new lunar month only after it had been confirmed by witnesses in Jerusalem. Because Jewish communities outside of Israel were often delayed in learning the news, they consequently couldn’t be sure precisely which day festivals were meant to be observed. As a result, the practice

Bob & Gert Kahn

For a complete schedule of our events and times, go to

Men’s Club Annual

Kosher Deli Dinner

Sunday, March 18, 6 p.m. $20 per person. Beth Abraham R.S. Dayton’s by only Conservative March synagogue, affiliated 14.with the United Synagogue of Conservative Judaism.

We are an enthusiastically egalitarian synagogue.

Movie & Raffle

We also have an energetic Keruv program that reaches out to intermarried couples and families in our synagogue and in the Dayton Jewish community.

Beth Abraham Wishes You & Yours A Happy Pesach

Service Schedule: Mon.-Fri., 6:50 a.m. & 5:30 p.m. Sunday, 8:30 a.m. Kabbalat Shabbat, Fri., 5:30 p.m. For a complete schedulelunch of Sat. Morning Service, 9 a.m.; Youth Service, 10:30 a.m.; Kiddush following.


our events, go to


2018 2018






















94 min

101 min

7:15PM N














Keep the Change

Bye Bye Germany 7PM
























Bagels Over Berlin

An Act of Defiance

The Invisibles

94 min

123 min

100 min

































Big Sonia

93 min

93 min



































The Cakemaker

An Act of Defiance

104 min

123 min


10AM N




Coffee @ 9:30AM














(includes all films)

Sammy Davis Jr: I've Gotta Be Me 100 min N 7:15PM

Single Tickets $9 Student Tickets $8 Season Pass $75 TICKETS on sale MARCH 2






Bye Bye Germany 101 min LA 7PM


Cinemark @ the Greene 4489 Glengarry Dr., Beavercreek


The Neon 130 East 5th St., Dayton


Little Art Theatre 247 Xenia Ave., Yellow Springs


Rabbi Karen Bodney-Halasz joined Temple Israel’s staff in 2003 and currently serves as the congregation’s first female Senior Rabbi. Rabbi Bodney-Halasz's grandmother knew Sonia personally, and she has fond memories of the furniture shop that she will share with us.



Born in Buffalo, New York in 1946, Alan Feinberg is a graduate of the Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania. His documentary “Bagels Over Berlin” is the result of a three year project from planning to completion wherein he focuses a spotlight on the Jewish Army Air Corps veterans who became

American war heroes fighting for their county in World War II.


Jim Levinson is a native Daytonian who married Meredith Moss at Temple Israel. After graduating from Brandeis University, he travelled to Africa and later served as a regional director of the Ohio Civil Rights commission. Jim later spent 26 years as a criminal prosecutor

as well as 7 1/2 years in private practice, including the defense of civil rights complaints.


Marshall Weiss is the founding editor and publisher of The Dayton Jewish Observer, which he began publishing for The Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton more than two decades ago. Marshall is the recipient of numerous first-place THE DAYTON JEWISH OBSERVER • MARCH 2018


From a Passover of alienation to a Passover of empathy HEROES OF THE HOLOCAUST With Keynote Speaker DR. FELIX GARFUNKEL, Holocaust Survivor but instead of using that experience to nurture empaBy Hanan Schlesinger, JTA thy for those who suffer, it sees in it a paradigm for One of the most oft-repeated themes of the Torah the panorama Jewish history, reminding us “in every is that we must remember that we were slaves and strangers in the Land of Egypt, and that God redeemed generation they rise against us to annihilate us, and the Holy One Blessed be He saves us from them.” us with an outstretched hand. Both the experience of The reason for this lacuna — at least one of the reaslavery and the experience of redemption are meant to radiate one central and fundamental call to action that sons — may be that during the 1,000-plus years during which the Haggadah text developed, we Jews were the the Torah comes back to again and again. slaves and the strangers, and the dominant cultures Slavery and strangerhood: Love the stranger and were antagonistic to our way of life and often to our care for him, provide for him and show him empathy. very existence. Feel his pain and act to alleviate it, deal kindly with We were the other and little love was lost on us. him, for you yourself know what it means to be a Our forefathers were too busy surviving to find room stranger and a slave. in our hearts and in our texts to teach ourselves about Redemption: Walk in the footsteps of God, who relove of the stranger and empathy for his suffering. deemed us from Egypt, and redeem the slave and the The larger message of Passover was postponed for the downtrodden. Provide for them as God provided for us. Just as God’s mercies are upon all His creatures, so distant future. That future may have arrived. Reality today is difought our mercies to be upon all His creatures. ferent, in Israel and to a large degree in many parts of The world is divided into us and them. That is America, from that which our forefathers knew. We are the way that it has to be. In order to experience the security and the love of the family, the clan, the nation, no longer the other that we used to be, and there are other peoples, cultures, and ethnic groups that have there have to be those who are not part of our inner taken our place. In Israel we are the dominant culture concentric circles. and in America we are part of the mainstream. At the same time, however, one of the most central These are the conditions of life that the Torah envidirectives of the Torah is that this division must never sioned, and not the circumstances unbe so stark as to alienate the us from der which our forebears have lived for the them. Our love and concern must Our love and the past 2,000 years. As such, it is time radiate out beyond the us toward the concern must for our Haggadahs and our celebration them. Our sense of us must empower of Passover, as well as our Jewish conour people to reach out to them. radiate out sciousness and our behavior, to reflect We recall and relive our experience that change and to go back to basics. in Egypt on the holiday of Passover, the beyond the us centerpiece of the Jewish year and the toward the them. Let the Seder be our forum to proclaim and inculcate an ethic of focal point of the process of handing empathy for the other, emanating from down the tradition to the next generation. And the focal point of Passover is the Seder night two intertwined experiences: 1, Never again! Never again shall any people suffer what we suffered in with its Haggadah text. The Haggadah tells us: “In every generation one must see himself as if he person- Egypt. And 2, we take it upon ourselves to continually struggle to redeem the other, just as God redeemed us. ally went out of Egypt.” We spend the whole night bringing alive the events of slavery and redemption. Rabbi Hanan Schlesinger lives in Alon Shvut, an Israeli Toward what end? What is the takeaway? Clearly settlement in the West Bank’s Gush Etzion bloc and serves the answer ought to be to develop within us the as director of international relations for Roots/Judur/ historical memory that will constantly remind us and Shorashim, the Israeli Palestinian Local Initiative for inspire us to love the stranger and redeem him from Understanding, Nonviolence and Transformation. He also his suffering. frequently travels to Dallas, where he serves as the executive Yet this message is completely missing from the director of the Jewish Studies Initiative. Haggadah. It certainly harps on our misery in Egypt,


Sponsored by the Holocaust Education Committee, the 2018 Max & Lydia May Memorial Holocaust Art & Writing Contest submissions will be on display 3–4PM and following the program in the social hall. Sponsored by the Yom Hashoah Committee of the Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton's Jewish Community Relations Council »



Gorgeous Passover centerpieces Pesach Edition

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By Shannon Sarna Two of my family’s favorite dishes are schnitzel and rainbow cookies, and I have a feeling your family may feel the same. Here’s some great news about both: They very easily translate into Passover-friendly versions with minor adjustments. While you could serve them for your Passover-Friendly Chicken Schnitzel Seder meals, both are great to enjoy during chol depending on thickness of hamoed, the intermediate days chicken, around three minutes of the holiday, when you’re sick for each side. Take care not to of eating leftover brisket and overcrowd the pan or chicken coconut macaroons. will not cook properly. 5. Remove from pan and alPassover-Friendly low to cool on a wire rack. Chicken Schnitzel 6. While chicken is still hot Schnitzel is satisfying, easy to from pan, sprinkle each cutlet make, and will be the perfect with additional pinch of salt. dinner served with some roasted potatoes and a simple Passover-Friendly green salad. Rainbow Cookies Rainbow cookies are such 2 lbs. chicken cutlets a beloved American staple. Salt and pepper The task may seem intimidat2 eggs, beaten ing, but once you make your 2 tsp. kosher-for-Passover own — especially this mustard or hot sauce Passover-friendly ver1 tsp. water sion — you will never 11/2 cups matzah meal go back to the store1/2 cup almond meal bought version. 2 Tbsp. dried parsley 1/2 Tbsp. smoked paprika For the cake: 1 tsp. sea salt 4 eggs 1/2 tsp. black pepper 1 cup white sugar Vegetable or canola oil for 4 oz. almond frying paste, broken into little pieces or processed in food 1. Combine eggs, mustard or processor for 30 seconds hot sauce and water in a large 2 sticks (1 cup) unsalted bowl. Combine matzah meal, butter or margarine almond meal, parsley, paprika, 1/2 cup matzah cake meal salt and pepper in another large 1/2 cup blanched almond bowl. flour (not almond meal) 2. Dredge each chicken cutlet 1/2 tsp. salt into egg mixture, then into 1/2 tsp. kosher-for-Passover matzah meal mixture, pressing vanilla extract down to ensure the entire piece Red and green food coloring is covered. Lay flat on a plate or (about 8 drops each) baking sheet. 3. Pour oil into large sauté For the chocolate glaze: pan to about 11/2 inches high 1 cup dark or semisweet chocolate chips over medium-high heat. 1 Tbsp. vegetable shortening 4. Fry chicken cutlets in or vegetable oil batches, two to three at a time, until golden on each side,

Pinch salt Special equipment: 3 square baking pans, offset spatula, food scale 1. Preheat oven to 350 degrees. Grease your pans. Add parchment paper to bottom of each pan. Grease again and add light dusting of matzah cake meal. Tap pan to remove any excess flour. 2. Using a hand mixer (or whisk attachment to stand mixer), mix eggs and sugar until thick and yellow. Add crumbled almond paste and combine. 3. Add melted butter (or margarine), matzah cake meal, almond flour, salt and vanilla. 4. Divide batter into three even amounts. (Try using a food scale if eyeballing is too difficult). Leave one plain. Add green food coloring to one batch of batter. Add red food coloring to the other batch of batter. 5. Pour batter into prepared pans. Bake for eight to nine minutes or until just set and no longer wet in the middle. 6. Allow to cool completely. 7. Place chocolate, shortening and pinch of salt in a glass bowl. Microwave for 30-second intervals until melted. Stir vigorously to ensure there are no clumps. 8. Place a piece of parchment paper on top of a platter or baking sheet. Add red cake layer to parchment paper. Spread thin layer of raspberry jam. Top with white layer. Add another thin layer of raspberry jam. Top with green cake. 9. Carefully spread half of the melted chocolate on top. Place in refrigerator for 15 to 20 minutes or until completely hard. 10. Turn over and spread remaining chocolate on other side. Place back in refrigerator for 30 minutes or overnight. 11. Trim edges, slice.


A Passover menu low on calories and carbs By Megan Wolf, JTA I’m a big fan of healthy whole grains, but they can easily become heavy — even the healthy ones. Instead of packing my Passover meals with heavy dishes, I’m offering a lighter, lower calorie and lower carbohydrate option this year. I love cauliflower as a standin for potatoes and rice. There is truly no better substitute. Not only is it delicious, it’s now incredibly easy to find already riced. And who can’t use a time saver in the kitchen? I prefer frozen riced cauliflower to fresh. The more I make these dishes, the more I realize this is by far the best method of purchase. I think it works so well in part because there is already some water in the cauliflower and it helps the vegetable to cook more evenly. These recipes are delicious and well-suited for any time of year, but they are especially welcome at Passover, when we're all looking to lighten our load a bit. I also love how these dishes come together in color, taste, and texture. The sweet and crunchy aspects of the broccoli play off the creamy cauliflower and punchy salmon. Simple Lemon Salmon 4 6-oz. salmon portions Salt and pepper 2 Tbsp. olive oil 2 lemons, juiced 1 lemon, sliced Preheat oven to 400 degrees,

Simple Lemon Salmon

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place sheet pan in the oven to heat. Whisk olive oil and lemon. Season salmon with salt and pepper. Brush salmon with half of the lemon mixture. Place salmon skin side down on the hot sheet pan, roast until cooked to your liking, or about eight to 10 minutes. Serve salmon by topping the fish with the remaining oil mixture and sliced lemon.

cooking, sauté mushrooms in olive oil in a separate pan, set aside. Once the cauliflower is soft and resembles risotto, add Parmesan cheese and stir to combine. Serve risotto with mushrooms atop or stirred into cauliflower, topped with lemon juice.

Seared Mushroom Cauliflower Risotto 1 Tbsp. olive oil 1 medium onion, diced 10 cloves garlic, peeled and chopped 4 cups frozen riced cauliflower 1/2 cup dry white wine 2 cups water or more 1/3 cup shredded Parmesan cheese 1 lemon, juiced 1 pint crimini mushrooms, quartered 1 Tbsp. olive oil Salt to taste

Steam broccoli until just tender and bright green, about two minutes. Toss broccoli with two tablespoons of olive oil and place on a large baking sheet, roast until crispy and starting to char, about 15 to 20 minutes. Microwave honey until it’s liquid, then immediately pour evenly over broccoli and drizzle with olive oil, season with salt.

Wishing you a delicious Passover.

Burnt Broccoli 2 heads broccoli, cut into florets 2 Tbsp. olive oil plus more for drizzling 1 Tbsp. honey Salt to taste

Sauté onions and garlic over low heat until cooked through and translucent. Add frozen cauliflower and mix to combine. Add white wine and continue stirring. Add water a half cup at a time, stirring frequently and adding more water as each batch is absorbed. While the cauliflower is Burnt Broccoli

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Pesach Edition

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By Naomi Nachman As a personal chef, I always like to up the ante of my presentation and creativity of my food. Why should Passover food be boring? The one easy way to take Passover food up a notch is by using fresh ingredients — fresh lemons, kosher salt, good quality olive oil, fresh herbs — and prepping ahead as much as you can. I have made this rib recipe several times as an alternative to cholent for Shabbat lunch. It’s quick and easy to prepare, and even easier to cook — just let it roast in the oven at a low temperature overnight or for 16 hours. There’s nothing like waking up to the amazing aroma of slow-cooked ribs on a Saturday morning.

This recipe is reproduced from Perfect for Pesach by Naomi Nachman (ArtScroll/Mesorah Publications). 1 4- to 5-lb. rack beef ribs 1 Tbsp. extra-virgin olive oil 1 tsp. kosher salt ¼ tsp. black pepper 1 tsp. paprika 1 tsp. onion powder 6 cloves garlic, crushed 1 Tbsp. brown sugar ½ cup pure maple syrup ½ cup white wine 2 Tbsp. apple cider vinegar 2 Tbsp. tomato paste 1 tsp. kosher salt 1. Preheat oven to 200 degrees. Place ribs into a large roasting pan; set aside. 2. In a small bowl, combine oil, salt, pepper, paprika, onion powder, garlic and sugar. Mix

well to form a paste. Rub paste all over the top and bottom of the meat. 3. If you have time, let the meat stand at room temperature for one hour to absorb some of the flavors. 4. In a second bowl, mix maple syrup, wine, vinegar, tomato paste and salt. Pour over the meat. Cover the meat really well. Place in the oven for 16 hours or overnight. 5. Brush pan juices over meat; cut apart ribs just before serving. Naomi Nachman is often sought after to give cooking demonstrations and produce kosher Chopped-style competitions throughout the New York-New Jersey metropolitan area as well as across the country.


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A taste of Moroccan Passover traditions Fadel Senna/AFP/Getty Images

By Natasha Cooper-Benisty, JTA The Seders of my adult life are quite different than those I experienced in my youth. The main reason for this is that I am married to a Moroccan Israeli. Early in our marriage, my husband experienced his first Ashkenazi Seders at my parents’ home. However, once we decided that we were ready to host our own Seders, we happily merged customs from both of our backgrounds to create our special family experience. The most unique Moroccan custom of our Seder occurs early on when the head of the household — in my Moroccan Jews in synagogue in Marrakesh husband’s family, his mother would do this — holds the Seder plate over Spain and Portugal like my husband’s the head of each guest separately and family. chants in Hebrew, “In haste, we went Most Moroccan Jews do not eat rice out of Egypt with our bread of affliction on Passover, but they do eat other kitniand now we are free.” yot including legumes, fresh beans and I have taken on this unusual ritual, fresh peas. which has become one of the highlights Moroccans’ reliance year-round on a of our Seder. Our Ashkenazi friends variety of salad dishes translates well love this tradition and with a glass Sedfor Passover and I often feel as if my er plate, it is even more entertaining. diet during the holiday is not so differIt is believed that Rabbi Isaac Luria, ent from our normal fare — with the known for revolutionizing the study exception of matzah. of Jewish mysticism through Kabalah, Here is a traditional recipe for Morocconnected the various items of the Sedcan Charoset adapted from Claudia er to the 10 kabalistic sefirot, the mystiRoden. cal dimensions that describe the Divine attributes of God, and so the Seder plate Moroccan Charoset became a sacred symbol of God. 1 cup walnuts, coarsely chopped In this sense, when raising the Seder 1/2 tsp. ground cloves plate, one is being blessed by the Shechi1 tsp. ground cinnamon na (the Talmud defines the Shechina as 1 grind of freshly ground nutmeg the Divine presence of God that dwells 1 lb. dates, pitted and chopped in this world). 11/2 cups grape juice With the recitation of the Ten Plagues, instead of the Ashkenazi finger Put the dates into a pan with the or a knife dipping from the glass of wine, cinnamon and cloves, then simwine, Moroccans fill a large bowl with mer, stirring occasionally, until you water and wine (two different glasses have a soft paste. Put through the food pour the liquids into the bowl as each processor if you want a smoother texplague is recited). The idea here is that ture. Let it cool and stir in the walnuts. one can see the effect of the first plague as the Egyptians witnessed their precious Nile River become contaminated with blood. Perhaps the biggest misconception when it comes to Sephardi Jews is that they all eat rice on Passover. Like anything else in Judaism, there are myriad customs and traditions depending on where your family lived in the old country or even from where they originated generations before they ended up in a particular city. Moroccan Jews are a diverse group with different customs depending on their ancestry. There are those who came after the destruction of the First Temple in Jerusalem and settled among the Berbers. Others came in 1492 from Moroccan Charoset

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Remembering that carp in my grandparents’ bathtub By Lynne Daroff Foosaner, JTA My grandmother was a super shopper even before the advent of supermarkets and coupons. In those days, each food group had its own store, and every neighborhood had a butcher shop, fish market, dairy, deli and grocery. Shopping with Grandma was an all-day experience. Time stood still as she filled her cart with the biggest, the fattest, the freshest, the juiciest of foods. Her culinary talents were legendary; the local shopkeepers greeted her by name and brought out their finest products for her inspection. Grandma, trained as a professional chef in the old country, ratcheted into high gear during holiday seasons, especially Passover. Passover brought us to the most exciting adventure of all: the fish market. The fish market was a hoot. In those days, fish wasn’t displayed in a refrigerated case, packed in ice or neatly shrink-wrapped. Nor was it available as little sticks or cakes, all filleted, breaded, seasoned and boxed in the freezer section. No, in the days when fresh meant alive, fish swam freely in long wooden troughs outfitted with rubber hoses to bubble and circulate the water. The general wetness of the environment was augmented by thrashing, splashing fish. Grandma always tried to restrain me, but my curiosity and perseverance won every time. While she sized up the creatures, I stood on a wooden bench and hung over the edge of the trough, leaning into the swirling mass of cold-blooded vertebrates, hands extended, trying to capture myself a pet.

In honor of Passover, the fishery annually brought in unusually large stocks of huge, fierce-looking carp that flopped about wildly. Grandma, in respectful awe of the sizable beasts, insisted I wait just at the edge of the puddle-soaked floor while she sidled into the sea of kerchiefed women who shouted, jabbered and pointed out fish to the workers. Once she turned her attention to the task at hand, however, I always managed to wiggle through the crowd and take my place on the wooden bench. I watched Grandma’s intense concentration, amazed that she could select exactly which fish she wanted. The hapless carp was captured, tagged, and then delivered alive to Grandma’s house, where it swam freely in the bathtub for one day. I would drive Grandma crazy visiting it. Ignoring Grandma’s pleas not to get too friendly with the fish, I would name it, then lean over the rim of the bathtub, and get soaked trying to pet it. The following morning the household rose especially early. It was the day of the first Seder and there were endless chores to finish and mountains of food to prepare. That’s when my Grandpa grimly appeared at the bathroom door, surveyed the situation and wrestled that fish into a waiting towel. It squirmed and thrashed in Grandpa’s arms. Naughty words sprang from Grandpa’s mouth, in English, Yiddish, Hungarian, Russian and Polish — he was a multilingual curser! In a desperate last thrust for freedom, the fish flew out of Grandpa’s arms and onto the floor. Grandpa began to sweat profusely before he finally managed to half-drag, half-push it across the floor into the

Passover brought us to the most exciting adventure of all: the fish market

kitchen. Unfortunately, it was also Grandpa’s job to hasten the fish to its greater reward in heaven. Grandma stood by, waving a dish towel, criticizing, suggesting, directing — but mostly crying for the fish’s imminent death, even though it was the natural order of things for carp to be transformed into gefilte fish patties. Grandma, with a soft heart for all living creatures, often passed up eating her own homemade gefilte fish. I, on the other hand, had no difficulty gobbling up my previous one-day pet. As the years passed, the Passover carp scenario played out over and over. Supermarkets eventually supplanted the fishery and all the mom-and-pop stores. Live food disappeared from view, except for the occasional lobster, replaced with prepackaged and sanitized choices. My mother did not follow in Grandma’s footsteps. Mother would not play hostess and executioner to a live fish, even if it meant no gefilte fish for Passover. But fortunately for Mother, by the time she assumed the mantle of matriarch, gefilte fish was available ready to eat from jars and cans.

Mother created a new Passover tradition in our family. My children’s memories consist of watching their grandmother wrestle blobs of gefilte fish out of a jar, wipe off the weird jelly stuff, and plop the patties onto a waiting platter of lettuce. Today, with my Grandma and Mother both gone, I’m the new matriarch and a grandmother, too. It is my responsibility and joy to prepare the Passover table. But even with all the modern conveniences and choices available to me, visions of my Grandma and our carpdrenched bathroom fill my heart, to say nothing of the melt-in-yourmouth fish made tastier by the added ingredient of Grandma’s love. To me, Passover is gefilte fish. No grandchild of mine should eat an assemblyline appetizer from a jar like my mother served. No, my grandchildren deserve oldfashioned, handmade food. So I plan to have the entire meal catered. Lynne Daroff Foosaner is a freelance writer, political activist, artist and grandmother, not necessarily in that order.

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Arthur Prince Auster, 97, passed away in Seattle on Jan. 30 after a brief illness. He and his beloved wife Judy, who passed away in 2007, moved to Dayton in 1963 after living in France. Mr. Auster was active in Beth Abraham Synagogue, the Dayton Christian-Jewish Dialogue, the Alliance Francaise, and taught at Wright State University and Sinclair Community College after retiring from civil service and obtaining his master’s degree at age 65. Mr. Auster was a Navy veteran of World War II and the Korean War. He served on Guam during World War II, where he met Jewish Chaplain Philip Lipis of Chicago. During his time on Guam he became friendly with Chaplain Lipis and made a lifelong promise to always conduct Jewish services when clergy was not available. To this end, he held true to his promise in every city he lived as evidenced by the Beth Abraham summer services he organized more than 30 years. He and Judy moved to Florida in 2000, and Mr. Auster moved to Seattle in 2011. He is mourned by his children Francine, Jonathan, and Jacqueline and their spouses, six grandchildren, his sister Honny Robison, and numerous nieces and nephews.

of Tampa, Matthew Caruso of Troy, Gretchen Wolbers (Jason) of Tipp City, and Ryan Clo of Cincinnati; as well as 19 grandchildren. Mr. Caruso was born Dec. 3, 1934 in Oak Park, Ill. and called Dayton his home for many years, where he raised his children and was CEO of Caruso Communication. Mr. Caruso will be greatly missed by his family and friends. His humor and love for life shall live on in all who knew him. Donations in his memory may be made to Hospice, Goldman Union Camp Institute, Temple Israel, Hillel at Miami University or a charity of your choice.

Memphis congressmen

Laurie, Jeff, Malcolm...’” The Jewish community is immensely proud of both lawmakers, said Andy Groveman, a Memphis businessman who chairs the United Israel Appeal nationally. “They have differences, but they have worked together and have really shown that while you can be from different parties, the interests of the community should be first,” he said. Kustoff and Cohen, when they have worked together, complement each other. Cohen helped garner Democratic support for Kustoff’s maiden bill as a lead sponsor, on protecting religious institutions (the lead

Steven M. Cox, 68 years old of Columbus, died Feb. 16 at Mount Carmel West Hospital after an extended illness He was born July 30, 1949 in Iola, Kan. to Celia Cox Greenleaf and the late Royal Cox. A graduate of the University of Kansas and The Ohio State University Law School, he worked for many years as a criminal defense attorney and public defender. He was an avid bird watcher, hiker and environmentalist. He is survived by his mother, Celia Cox Greenleaf; sons, Joseph (Jennie) and Daniel (Eric); their mother, Marcia Cox; brother, Martin Cox (Claudia); sisters, Sandra Shaner (Dave), Janice Gerald M. Caruso of Cincinnati Karshner, and Karen Crisp (Rick); many nieces, nephews, passed away Jan. 27 after a cousins, and his cat, Butch. In brief illness. He is survived keeping with Mr. Cox’s wishes, by his loving wife, Sandy, cremation has been observed. of 20 years; 11 children, Gerald Caruso Jr. (Kristin) of Dr. Melvin Mayerson, 92 of Minneapolis, Peter Caruso Dayton, passed away peacefully (Debra) of Atlanta, Robert on Feb. 7. Born and raised in Caruso (Jody) of Columbus, Dayton, Dr. Mayerson attended Mary (Matt) Dillon of Tampa, Fairview High School and Ann Caruso of Akron, Patrick began his studies at The Ohio Caruso (Missy) of Tampa, State University before serving Michael Caruso (Patty) of Dayton, Theresa Woodall (Tim) in World War II as a dental

Continued from Page 12 Israel,’” he recalled. “Virtually every time I would give that response, the person would say, ‘I love Israel, what can I do to help?’” The redistricting after 2010 removed most of the Jews from Cohen’s district and placed them in Kustoff’s — something Cohen clearly regrets. “They took 95 percent of them out!” he said. “When I get asked how many Jews are in your district, I used to say 10,000. Now I say, ‘well, there's

technician aboard the army hospital ship Aleda E. Lutz. Following his military service, he returned to Ohio State to complete his dental education and went on to attend Northwestern University for his residency in orthodontics. After graduation, Dr. Mayerson moved back to Dayton to enter private practice and became a highly respected, well-loved orthodontist for more than 50 years. Dr. Mayerson served as president of the Dayton Dental Society and the Ohio Association of Orthodontists. He was also an assistant professor in the graduate department of orthodontics at Ohio State, a contributing editor for the Journal of Clinical Orthodontics, and a diplomate of the American Board of Orthodontics. In 1953, Dr. Mayerson married the love of his life, Elaine Gordon, and they shared 62 wonderful years together — raising a family, traveling the world, and exploring life’s adventures side by side. Dr. Mayerson was an avid golfer, filmmaking enthusiast, and longtime numismatist. Dr. Mayerson was predeceased by his wife, Elaine; parents, Mollie and Jacob Mayerson; sister Pearl Wool; and brothers Manuel and Jerald Mayerson. He is survived by his daughter, Mandy (Ezra) Riber; son, Lloyd Mayerson; grandchildren, Lilly (Kenny) Fifer and Sam Riber; and many nieces, nephews, and cousins. The family would like to express their heartfelt thanks to Dr. Mayerson’s wonderful team of caregivers and to Dr. Grossman and the staff of Walnut Creek for their support. Memorial contributions may be made to the charity of your choice.

Democratic sponsor was Derek Kilmer of Washington state). Kustoff framed the final tally card — 402-2 in favor — and keeps it in his office. Kustoff, who has naturally better ties to the Trump administration, used contacts in the Interior Department to help secure the naming of Clayborn Temple as a National Treasure by the National Trust, which extends to the building federal assistance for renovation. The former church was a staging ground for marches by more than 1,000 striking sanitation workers in 1968, which became a focal point of the civil rights movement.



Jerusalem ascending Turning to Spirituality Series Jerusalem. A city holy to three religions. A nerve center of biblical archaeology. A focal point for prayer. A flashpoint in Middle East peace negotiations. A destination for pilgrimage. A microcosm of Israel’s history. A subject of recent news reporting. Each of these epithets captures an aspect of the city, but none fully explains why Jerusalem has been at the very

rule, and spirituality. Next, David set out to build a permanent Temple in fulfillment of God’s command and “to reinforce Jerusalem’s role as the center of the Jewish people and the land of Israel,” writes Abraham Stahl in Jerusalem Through the Windows of Time, “but (as a man of war, David) didn’t receive God’s blessing.” So instead, David prepared for construction by purchasing a threshing floor from Aravnah the Jebusite and designing the Temple Mount there. According to Midrash, Candace R. David was divinely inspired Kwiatek to position the Holy of Holies in the exact spot where Abraham bound Isaac, where Noah offered his post-flood sacrifice, core of Judaism for more than and where God initiated Cre3,000 years. A singular figure in history ation and then gathered dust to provides much of the answer. form humans: a venerable spot indeed. When he came to power, King Built by David’s son King David sought a central locaSolomon, the First Temple tion in which to establish his rule, choosing the well-fortified quickly became the focal point of Jewish life. Jebusite city of Jerusalem. Jerusalem was viewed as the Not wanting to acquire Jerusalem by conquest alone, center of the world, and the Temple was the center of JeruDavid purchased the city from salem, where heaven and earth the Jebusites “for the Jewish people as an everlasting posses- meet and where God came to dwell among the people. sion with an irrevocable deed” according to Midrash. It was the site where people David made Jerusalem his reached out to God through capital city, setting up a military sacrifice and prayer. It was the archive for the Jews’ most command, legal courts, and valued possession: the Tablets government offices, thereby of the Law. It was the destinaunifying the disparate tribes tion of festival pilgrimages and into a united monarchy. He then brought the Holy celebrations. It will be the site Ark up to Jerusalem, establish- of the Messiah’s arrival. The ing the city as a spiritual center destruction of Jerusalem and its Temple by the Babylonians and as well. Under King David, Jerusalem became a symbol of again by the Romans left a huge void in Jewish spiritual life and Jewish national identity, self-

ignited an immense yearning to this very day. “How shall we sing the Lord’s song in a foreign land? If I forget thee, O Jerusalem, let my right hand wither… (Psalm 137).” Jerusalem remains central to Jewish identity even today. The language of prayer — including many psalms of David — regularly recall Jerusalem and Zion. Like many other prayers, Birkat Hamazon (grace after meals) actually calls for a rebuilding of the holy city, a longing reflected in the concluding words of Israel’s national anthem, Hatikvah (The Hope): “The hope of 2,000 years: To live as a free people in our own land, the land of Zion and Jerusalem.” The Birkat also includes one of 15 Songs of Ascents, traditionally sung by pilgrims on the uphill road to Jerusalem and on the steps to the Temple. And of course there’s the familiar ending to the Passover Seder, “Next year in Jerusalem!” Through synagogue design as well, Jews have maintained their connection to the Holy City. Sanctuaries are constructed with the Holy Ark on the wall closest to Jerusalem, indicating the direction to face in prayer. A mizrach, a decorative panel that serves the same function, is often found in synagogues as well as Jewish homes and public buildings. The synagogue bima (stage) and ner tamid

Lior Mizrahi/Getty Images

The Western Wall and the Dome of the Rock Islamic shrine in Jerusalem

(eternal light) are reminiscent of the Holy Temple’s design. Likewise, Torah coverings mimic the finery of the Temple High Priest. Jewish texts also keep the memory of Jerusalem alive. One of the two great compendia of Jewish law and lore is called Talmud Yerushalmi, the Jerusalem Talmud, even though it was composed throughout Israel. Like its Babylonian counterpart, the Jerusalem Talmud includes countless discussions, stories, and laws about Jerusalem. According to the Shulchan Aruch, a separate code of Jewish law, all Jewish buildings are to leave a small area of unpainted wall in memory of the Temple’s destruction. For the same reason, when a man marries, he is to smear a bit of ash on his forehead and break a glass under the chupah (bridal canopy). Myriad traditions reflect the perpetual centrality of Jerusa-

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Literature to share We Were the Lucky Ones by Georgia Hunter. Inspired by the wartime recollections of her grandfather, a Polish Holocaust survivor, Georgia Hunter set out to record the tales of other far-flung family members. She discovered incredible stories of grit, tenacity, and hope as each of them tried to find a path to safety from the horrors overtaking Europe. Hunter wove those stories together with extensive research to create a most extraordinary novel of survival. This is a must-read. The Passover Cowboy by Barbara Diamond Goldin. Jacob’s family has moved from Russia to Argentina, and everything is different. Could he invite his new friend to Seder? Could Passover feel like home even with cowboys and horses? From an award-winning storyteller, this historically based fictional tale brings both history and holiday to life for the early elementary set.

lem in Jewish life. The calendar acknowledges Jerusalem twice: on Tisha b’Av, culminating the remembrance season of the Temple’s destruction, and on Jerusalem Reunification Day, celebrating the liberation of the Old City. Across the centuries, Jews throughout Israel and the Diaspora have chosen to be buried in Jerusalem, now in record numbers. Even technology has advanced the Jerusalem mystique. People can now watch the Temple’s Western Wall anytime by telecam and even put a note in the Wall via email. Jerusalem. A symbol of Jewish national identity. The spot where heaven and earth meet. The site of the Messiah’s arrival. A connection to the past and a hope for the future. Above all, it is a living reminder of God’s presence in the world and the potential for ascending ever heavenward.

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Origami artist brings together Israeli and Palestinian children Facilitator will bring project to DAI in conjunction with exhibit


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to The Dayton Art Institute on the afternoon of April 9 and will participate on an interfaith panel discussion, Peace By Piece: Art As A Catalyst for Social Justice, at 7 p.m. in the museum’s Gothic Cloister. Three of Golan’s works are on view as part of the exhibition Above The Fold: New Expressions in Origami at The Dayton Art Institute through May Miri Golan, founder and director of the Israeli Origami Center, and founder/Israeli manager 13. of the Folding Together project One of her pieces, Two Books, features origami and Arab-Israeli middle school figures emerging from pages of students visiting Dayton from the Torah and the Koran and the village of Deir al-Assad in reaching out to each other. Israel’s Lower Galilee region. Works by her husband, EngTheir visit marks the seventh lish origami artist Paul Jackson time since 2011 that Dayton’s — creative director of Folding Dr. Martha Moody Jacobs has Together — are also part of facilitated a spring trip to Daythe exhibit. ton for Arab-Israeli students For the afternoon Folding from Deir al-Assad. Together program, Golan Jacobs and Dr. Jamal Assadi will work with youths from from the village coordinate Dayton’s Jewish community a summer English-language camp in Deir alAssad with volunteers from Ohio. Golan’s programs at The Dayton Art Institute are presented in partnership with the Jewish Community Relations Council, The Twisted Holy Scroll is one of three which Jacobs chairs, works by origami artist Miri Golan on with funding from view with The Dayton Art Institute’s Above the Fold exhibition Two Books by Miri Golan the World Religion Foundation. — Marshall Weiss

Since 1993, Israeli artist Miri Golan has used origami as a tool for Israeli and Palestinian children to get to know each other as equals. The founder and director of the Israel Origami Center, Golan also established Folding Together and oversees its Israeli component. The not-forprofit brings children together from east and west Jerusalem who wouldn’t otherwise meet. Together, they create works of origami. “We do activities to help them look at the other side, people to people,” Golan says via phone from Jerusalem. “We want to show how similar we are. The children say, ‘They are exactly like us.’ The idea is to let them feel they are the same.” Golan will bring a taste of her Folding Together program




Are you reading this? So is the entire Jewish community. Contact Patty Caruso at to advertise in The Observer.

Passover 2018

Ohio’s Hospice of Dayton is proud to be accredited by the National Institute for Jewish Hospice

Sharing the Celebration of Freedom. Sharing the Celebration of Life. 324 Wilmington Ave. Dayton 937.256.4490 1.800.653.4490 PAGE 36

Above The Fold: New Expressions in Origami, including works by Israeli artist Miri Golan, is on exhibit at The Dayton Art Institute through May 13. Admission is $14 adults, $11 seniors and students, $6 ages 7 to 17, free for members. Golan will participate on an interfaith panel, Peace By Piece: Art As A Catalyst for Social Justice, at 7 p.m. on Monday, April 9 at The Dayton Art Institute in partnership with the Jewish Community Relations Council. $20 includes the panel, a dessert reception, and admission to Above The Fold. R.S.V.P. to Karen Steiger, 610-1555.



Dayton’s Shoah educator shares husband’s testimony Anschel’s Story: Determined To Survive By Renate Frydman • Braughler Books • 90 Pages Renate Frydman, the Miami Valley’s longtime champion of Holocaust education, has published her late husband’s story of survival in Nazi-occupied Poland against nearly impossible odds. In Anschel’s Story: Determined To Survive, Frydman shares Anschel “Charlie” Frydman’s words of how he stayed alive as a slave laborer and then as a partisan fighter, when he was only a youth, after his parents and two sisters were murdered. — Marshall Weiss How did Anschel’s Story come about? How did you and Charlie meet? Charlie and I were traveling together My mother, Carmen, felt very strongly 30 years ago and I had a tape recorder that someone should be welcoming to with me. Of course, he had told me his the newly-arrived survivors. Besides story in bits and pieces. We had been meeting them at the train married about 30 station, making sure they years then. I put the got jobs, and apartments tape recorder next to in some cases, she did a lot him in the car, and I for them when they first said to him, ‘Tell me came. One of the couples a little more about she had helped were maryour story.’ He was ried at Beth Jacob in April driving, and he did. 1950. My mother insisted And I had a little bit that I come with her to and then more, and Beth Jacob to that wednine tapes over 20 ding. I was a young teenyears. It wasn’t like ager. A number of single we sat and planned Anschel ‘Charlie’ & Renate Frydman boys, in their 20s, were these talks, it just there. Charlie approached came out at certain times. One of the me and asked me to dance. And then best was from Minster Middle School. he asked me to go out. Now you have He might have driven me, but he didn’t to understand that he was eight years want to tell his story. This was one of the older than I was. And I don’t know how very seldom times. We were sitting on on earth my mother said yes, but she the stage and I started him out and he did. That started it. We dated a couple of just went with it. He told a lot on that years and we got married. particular day, that audience of eighth graders. They were hanging on to his Did he share these stories when you every word. first met? I thought we’d sit down someday Yes. The first night. It was unbelievand maybe write a book for the family. able what this man lived through. I felt Then he passed away suddenly in 2004. sympathy for someone who had lost For seven years I could not listen to everything like he did. It was my wish those tapes. I was silently grieving in my to make him come alive again and with own way. When I finally sat down and a family. And we did. It was a miracle listened to the first one, I realized what to do that with someone who had been a treasure they were: very personal and through all that. We always kept that honest. I decided to write. memory alive with yahrzeit candles The hard part was to put it together every year, four of them for his parinto one cohesive story. It was all just his ents and his two sisters. Holidays were memory tumbling out at different times. really hard for him because they were so important to him in his Did he talk about his story childhood and then he lost much with your family? it all. The holidays took him He did when he felt back to it. like it, but it was bits and He was a very tough, pieces. He did a short complicated man. But it video with (our son) Joel didn’t show to most people. once that was mostly early Most people said he was years of his life, which sweet and kind and thoughthelped in the end, because ful and smiled. But there I needed those early years. was a darkness in his past The story starts in a small that was there with him. I’m town, a shtetl, in Poland. sure that all survivors have Even though there were scars inside that they live antisemitic people around with. Some share them and them, they felt relatively some never do. He didn’t safe. Their lives were not easy, but that want people to feel sorry for him. Whatwas their life. It was about as normal for ever tears he had, he shed early on. a Jewish family at that time period as it He had that resilience of spirit and could have been. And then it changed. hope for a better tomorrow. It’s possible The book tells about the more subtle and to live through those things and still then the more aggressive changes. have a good life.

Congregational Second Seder Saturday, March 31 at 6:00pm Dinner: $30/adult; $15/child (4-10 years) RSVP by March 19

pjs, prayer, & play! saturday, march 24 at 10:00am Rabbi Sobo's house Call Temple to Rsvp Temple Israel • • 937.496.0050 130 Riverside Drive, Dayton, OH 45405 A Reform Synagogue open to all who are interested in Judaism. Childcare provided during Friday services and Sunday school.




New kids’ books for Passover Paulie's Passover Predicament

reinforcing the importance of being kind to friends.

Jane Sutton; illustrated by Barbara Vagnozzi • Kar-Ben; ages 3-8 Paulie is a guitar-playing “moosician” hosting his very first Seder. He wants it to be perfect. At the grocery store, he piles his cart with boxes of matzah, candles, and lots of grape juice. But Paulie’s guests — a porcupine, bear, bunny and others — giggle and poke fun at his Seder plate, which has a big ostrich egg, salt water with pepper, and pine cones instead of walnuts for the charoset. Kids will get in on the action when Paulie sets out to search for the hidden afikomen, until the basement door closes shut behind him. Paulie ingeniously solves the problem and all ends well. Grateful for his freedom, Paulie leads his friends in a rousing rendition of Dayeinu. Barbara Vagnozzi’s lively, brightly-colored illustrations are a perfect match for Jane Sutton’s playful story that captures the excitement of celebrating Passover with a tender touch,

The Passover Parrot

Evelyn Zusman; illustrated by Kyrsten Brooker • Kar-Ben; ages 3-8 Lily lives in a brownstone in Brooklyn with her parents, six brothers and sisters. As the family gets ready to celebrate Passover, a neighbor who is moving drops off her pet parrot as a gift that delights Lily, but one that Lily’s mom is not too excited about. The parrot is named Hametz, the word for bread and other leavened food that is not eaten during Passover. Lily is determined to recite the Four Questions in Hebrew at the Passover Seder, but everyone is too busy to help her practice, except for Hametz, who repeats all the questions back to Lily. With a houseful of guests for the Seder, Lily's father is not amused when Hametz chimes in with Lily. He banishes the parrot to Lily’s room. But will the Seder be

corned beef festival march 10 6 to 9 pm Beer Pairing Cooking Demos Entertainment Cash Bar

featuring: The Mustard Man, Lock 27 & UD Irish Dance $25 per person, 21 and older please Reservations: 937-435-3400 Temple Beth Or 5275 Marshall Road Dayton, Ohio 45429 937-435-3400 PAGE 38

ruined when Lily discovers Hametz and the afikomen missing from her room? This is a newly-illustrated 35th anniversary edition of the story by Evelyn Zusman, who was a Hebrew school teacher in New York and Los Angeles, according to Kar-Ben. A lively Lily and playful Hametz are center stage throughout the book’s large, colorful illustrations by Canadian artist Kyrsten Brooker. She draws readers into the scenes that evoke a nostalgic feel of urban Jewish life in the 20th century.

We Are Jewish Faces

Debra B. Davick Apples & Honey Press; ages 5-8 This joyful collection of colorful photographs conveys the rich diversity of Jews today, with faces of Jewish children and teens with their grandparents, friends, brothers and sisters. While the recommended age range is 5 to 8, the lively photographs will appeal to even younger ones,

who will be fascinated by the smiling, cheerful faces of other kids. Settings traverse the globe, the Jewish lifecycles and calendar, from blowing the shofar, eating matzah and lighting a Chanukah menorah to graduations, Bar Mitzvah celebrations, and other milestones. Kids are dressed in contemporary clothes and traditional elaborately decorated Yemenite clothing. In an author’s note, Debra Davick writes that she was first inspired to create this book when she visited her children’s Jewish day school many years ago, a community that included children from a wide array of Jewish families. — Penny Schwartz, JTA

Second Night Passover Seder March 31, 6 pm

Join Us for an Inclusive Seder Temple Beth Or Teens will be hosting Israeli/Arab teens visiting from the Galilee. Come meet our guests! Meat and Vegetarian Options Member and Non-Member Pricing Available By Bernstein’s Fine Catering Call 937-435-3400 or visit for reservations.

Today...and for Generations THE DAYTON JEWISH OBSERVER • MARCH 2018




Kroger is pleased to help you and your family enjoy the tastes and traditions of Passover. With a complete selection of Kosher foods, you can stock up on all your favorites for less.

Come in and check out our wide selection of Kosher meats.

It’s important to you. It’s important to us.

We invite you to stop by our Blue Ash Kroger Store and meet our Mashgiach, Elizar. He and his staff are happy to assist you, providing the special attention and service you and your holiday events deserve!

A large selection of Kosher items are available to serve your needs at the following Kroger locations:

Blue Ash Kosher Service Hours:

Blue Ash Kroger

(Full Service Kosher Department) 4100 Hunt Road • Cincinnati, OH 45242


Centerville Kroger

FRIDAY 9am-4pm; SATURDAY CLOSED Fresh Packaged Meats Available 24 Hours Daily

THURSDAY 9am-8pm;

1023 S. Main Street • Centerville, OH 45459

Stroop Road fresh fare by Kroger

530 E. Stroop Road • Kettering, OH 45249

Harper’s Point Kroger 11390 Montgomery Road • Cincinnati, OH 45249









Celebrate Passover with

Joan Nathan & Whole Foods Market! We’ve partnered with Jewish food authority and James Beard award-winning cookbook author Joan Nathan to bring you a delicious Passover dinner inspired by flavors from around the world using recipes from her latest cookbook, King Solomon’s Table.

Joan Nathan Passover Meal for 8 Includes these cooked and ready to heat items:

Brazilian Haroset with Apples, Dates & Cashews • Double-Lemon Roast Chicken

Fried Artichokes Jewish-Style • Tunisian Carrot Salad with Cumin, Coriander & Caraway Sicilian Eggplant Caponata Jewish-Style • Spinach with Pine Nuts & Currants

For more Passover meals and menu items, visit us in store, at or call 844-936-2428

The Dayton Jewish Observer, March 2018  
The Dayton Jewish Observer, March 2018  

Dayton, Ohio's Jewish Monthly