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Program in International Education Turns 25

DEAR BARDIANS, Looking for new ways to engage with our alma mater? Here are a few ideas to get you started. Have you ever considered documenting your Bard story? Michael Shapiro ’75 and Paul Margolis ’76, members of the Bard College Alumni/ae Association Board of Governors, can help you record your Bard experiences, adding to the diverse collection of personal histories that make Bard special to each of us. Look for the Bard Corps recording booth at Reunion Weekend in May or e-mail me for more information on how to share your story. The Botstein Bow Tie Project is a great way to support Bard and fashionably identify yourself as a Bardian. Gordon Stevenson ’06 has designed and produced a collection of limited-edition bow ties especially for the College; all proceeds go to Bard. To purchase your unique neckpiece for $100, please e-mail me. Buy Bard a Beer, a campaign launched in August 2015, continues to grow and dramatically increase par- Mackie Siebens ’12. photo Kye Ehrlich ’13 ticipation among young alumni/ae who agree to donate the cost of a beer from their favorite watering hole. The campaign encourages Bardians to give back even if their contributions are small. Participation rates are a crucial marker of the College’s strength, as they demonstrate our belief in Bard as an exceptional institution worth supporting. Join the campaign and use #BuyBardABeer the next time you buy Bard a cold one. How about becoming a mentor to a current student interested in your field of work? You can give back to Bard by sharing your wisdom with a fellow Bardian and help prepare him/her for life after college. For this idea we thank Evan Nicole Brown ’16, this year’s Board of Governors student representative. Her insight is an essential ingredient of the board’s mission as we search for new ways to fortify the Bard community. To get involved as a mentor, please e-mail me. Got other ideas? We are always open to new campaigns and special projects that involve alums everywhere in supporting Bard and giving life to the Bard spirit. Let us know what you have in mind and make sure to follow us on Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram for up-to-theminute Bard news and conversations. Hope to see you in Annandale for Reunion Weekend, May 27–29. Bardian and giving back, Mackie Siebens ’12, President, Board of Governors, Bard College Alumni/ae Association

board of governors of the bard college alumni/ae association Mackie Siebens ’12, President; Bard College Fund Cochair Brandon Weber ’97, Vice President; Bard College Fund Cochair KC Serota ’04, Secretary/Treasurer; Diversity Committee Cochair Robert Amsterdam ’53 Brendan Berg ’06 Wyatt Bertz ’13, Young Alumni/ae Committee Cochair Jack Blum ’62 Evan Nicole Brown ’16, Student Representative Cathaline Cantalupo ’67 Pia Carusone ’03 Kathleya Chotiros ’98 Charles Clancy III  ’69 Andrew F. Corrigan ’00 Peter Criswell ’89 Arnold Davis ’44, Nominations Committee Cochair Malia Du Mont ’95 Randy Faerber ’73, Events Committee Cochair Brett Fialkoff ’88 Andrew Fowler ’95 Eric Goldman ’98 Christina Hajagos-Clausen ’92 Boriana Handjiyska ’02,  Career Connections Committee Cochair Sonja Hood ’90 Miriam Huppert ’13 J. P. Kingsbury ’03,  Young Alumni/ae Committee Cochair Paul Margolis ’76, Oral History Committee Cochair Michelle Dunn Marsh ’95  Peter F. McCabe ’70, Nominations Committee Cochair Steven Miller ’70 Anne Morris-Stockton ’69 Anna Neverova ’07, Career Connections Committee Cochair Karen Olah ’65 Gerry Pambo-Awich ’08 Abhay Puskoor ’08 Nia Rock ’78 Allison Rodman ’10

Jim Salvucci ’86 Henry Seltzer ’06 Dan Severson ’10 Michael Shapiro ’75, Oral History Committee Cochair Genya Shimkin ’08, Diversity Committee Cochair; YAAC* Cochair Barry Silkowitz ’71 George A. Smith ’82, Events Committee Cochair Dr. Ingrid Spatt ’69 Lindsay Stanley ’12, Communications Committee Chair Geoffrey Stein ’82 Walter Swett ’96, Nominations Committee Cochair Olivier te Boekhorst ’93 Paul Thompson ’93 Matt Wing ’06 Emeritus Claire Angelozzi ’74 Dr. Penny Axelrod ’63 Dr. Miriam Roskin Berger ’56 Kit Ellenbogen ’52 Barbara Grossman Flanagan ’60  Diana Hirsch Friedman ’68 R. Michael Glass ’75 Dr. Ann Ho ’62 Charles F. Hollander ’65 Maggie Hopp ’67 Cynthia Hirsch Levy ’65 Susan P. Playfair ’62 Roger N. Scotland ’93 Dr. Toni-Michelle Travis ’69 Barbara Crane Wigren ’68 *Young Alumni/ae Advisory Council (YAAC), part of the Center for Civic Engagement

board of trustees of bard college David E. Schwab II ’52, Chair Emeritus Charles P. Stevenson Jr., Chair Emily H. Fisher, Vice Chair

George F. Hamel Jr., Vice Chair Elizabeth Ely ’65, Secretary; Life Trustee Stanley A. Reichel ’65, Treasurer; Life Trustee Fiona Angelini Roland J. Augustine Leon Botstein, President of the College + Stuart Breslow + Mark E. Brossman Thomas M. Burger + James C. Chambers ’81 Marcelle Clements ’69, Life Trustee Craig Cogut The Rt. Rev. Andrew M. L. Dietsche, Honorary Trustee Asher B. Edelman ’61, Life Trustee Paul S. Efron Robert S. Epstein ’63 Barbara S. Grossman ’73, Alumni/ae Trustee Andrew S. Gundlach Sally Hambrecht Marieluise Hessel Maja Hoffmann Matina S. Horner + Charles S. Johnson III ’70 Mark N. Kaplan, Life Trustee George A. Kellner Paul S. Levy Fredric S. Maxik ’86 James H. Ottaway Jr., Life Trustee Martin Peretz, Life Trustee Stewart Resnick, Life Trustee Roger N. Scotland ’93, Alumni/ae Trustee Jonathan Slone ’84 James A. von Klemperer Brandon Weber ’97, Alumni/ae Trustee Susan Weber Patricia Ross Weis ’52 +ex officio

above The Bard College Bell Tower displays its new lights (see page 28). photo David Bull ’16 cover Program in International Education (see page 14). Spring 2016 students: Maria Alekseeva, Iana Bagaeva, Mariia Baturina, Kamila Iusupova, Adrienn Keszei, Kristina Khachatrian, Yulia Koreshkova, Basira Mir Makhamad, Liana Okudzhava, Galina Rakova, Aliya Ryssimbetova, Daria Veremeichik, Mostafa Youssef, Anna Zaltsman photo Brennan Cavanaugh ’88

Office of Development and Alumni/ae Affairs Debra Pemstein, Vice President for Development and Alumni/ae Affairs 845-758-7405, Jane Brien ’89, Director of Alumni/ae Affairs 845-758-7406,

Bardian SPRING 2016 2

Taking Cuba Policy from Rhetoric to Reality


Vultures Are Revolting: Here’s Why We Need to Save Them


Bringing Science into Focus


Program in International Education (PIE)


The Management of Savagery: The Islamic State, Extreme Violence, and Endless War

Anne Canzonetti ’84, Deputy Director of Alumni/ae Affairs 845-758-7187, Jennifer Skura, Program Assistant, Alumni/ae Affairs 845-758-7089,


On and Off Campus


Class Notes


Books by Bardians


Honor Roll of Donors

Published by the Bard Publications Office ©2016 Bard College. All rights reserved. Printed by Quality Printing, Pittsfield, MA 1-800-BARDCOL

matthew aho ’02

taking cuba policy from rhetoric to reality by Ann Forbes Cooper

2 matthew aho ’02

When Matthew Aho ’02 first heard on December 17, 2014, that Cuba was returning Alan Gross—the American contractor jailed for smuggling telecommunications equipment to Havana’s Jewish community—his hands started to tremble. Gross’s release, he knew, had to be part of something bigger. A few hours later, President Barack Obama announced the normalization of relations with Cuba after more than 50 years of isolation. “It was one of the most gratifying emotional moments of my professional career, if not my whole life,” he says. Aho, special adviser in the New York City office of the Miamibased law firm of Akerman LLP, says he realized he could use the skills, knowledge, and expertise he had developed in seven years of working on Cuba policy to help take normalization from rhetoric to reality. Since then, it’s been a tumultuous year and a half for Aho. In 2015 alone, the United States removed Cuba from its list of state sponsors of terrorism; Cuba hoisted its flag outside its embassy in Washington, D.C.; and the United States reopened its embassy in Havana. In March 2016, after months of chipping away at the Cuban embargo, the Obama administration announced it would allow individuals to travel to Cuba for “people to people” educational trips and lift limits on spending American dollars in the country. Later that month, Obama became the first U.S. president in nearly 90 years to visit Cuba, for talks with President Raúl Castro. Aho, who helps U.S. clients identify Cuban opportunities and understand how to operate on the island, has shuttled back and forth to Cuba more than 25 times. But while U.S. business interest in Cuba has exploded, few companies have yet achieved concrete results. “I’m focused on getting as much done as possible this year to help cement normalization, and ensure against possible policy reversals under any future Republican administration,” he says. “My commitment remains to clients that have the biggest chance of establishing a foothold in Cuba in the short and medium terms—such as in transportation, travel, arts and culture, commerce, and education; areas where progress can be made quickly.” Aho spends his time commuting and telecommuting between his base in New York; Cuba, negotiating with officials; and meetings in Washington, D.C. He says three things have to happen for normalization to endure: 1) continued robust U.S. policy changes and a proactive federal bureaucracy; 2) U.S. companies’ willingness to take a chance and explore opportunities in Cuba; and 3) the Cuban government’s agreement to negotiate in good faith with its U.S. counterpart. “I have worked hard to establish credibility with all three parties,” he says. Aho’s career so far has been largely due to a mix of wanderlust and serendipity. A second-generation Finn, he was born and raised in New York City. At 16, still in high school, he became a foreign exchange student. Assigned to a family in Ryazan, south of Moscow, he spent eight months attending a dilapidated local school, witnessing firsthand the devastating economic effects of the collapse of the Soviet Union. He liked living overseas so much he moved to Venezuela, just as Hugo Chávez took power in early 1998. He watched that country’s descent into economic turmoil. A few months in Peru photo ©Ana Lorena Gamboa

followed before he “succumbed to my desire to seek an education and ended up in Annandale.” He chose Bard, although he was initially apprehensive about fitting in after nearly two years overseas. But his fears proved groundless. “I met so many cultured, diverse, internationally minded people almost immediately. So all those ideas about not fitting in dissolved.” Aho took an introductory class in Latin American politics with Omar Encarnación, professor of political studies. He was instantly hooked. Encarnación helped shape his focus academically. Aho also studied Spanish, and his wanderlust continued. In his sophomore year, with Bard’s Program in International Education (which then offered tuition exchanges), he studied at the University of Zimbabwe, in Harare, a city in political turmoil under Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe. In late 1999, he traveled to Cuba for the first time, with a license from the U.S. Department of the Treasury, to research the health care system. Cubans welcomed the young American into their homes and gave him an intimate look at life on the island. “It’s a complex, dynamic, fascinating place, and that stuck with me,” he says. “Coming from Venezuela, which was violent and chaotic, I was shocked at how relatively clean and safe Cuba was.” He kept returning—once with other Bard students to help film a documentary. After graduating with a degree in political studies, he received a Fulbright Scholarship to research small-scale coffee traders in Peru. He returned to the States and joined John Kerry’s presidential campaign, where he had his first interaction with Cuba policy at a fund-raiser given by a prominent Cuban-American normalization supporter. He saw how the political process worked, learning that the relationships built early on in one’s career could be important moving forward. But while he had a diverse, eclectic background, he felt his résumé lacked enough structure “to fulfill the goals and ideals I’d held for the greater good,” as he says. In August 2007—after several more years overseas, this time in Poland—he was accepted by Columbia’s School of International Public Affairs to study international economic policy. By 2009 Aho realized that, with a Democrat in the White House and someone other than Fidel Castro in power in Cuba (Raúl Castro is Fidel’s brother), the circumstances were ripe for a significant shift in U.S. policy toward the island. Coincidentally, one of his professors in Latin American studies at Columbia was Christopher Sabatini, senior director of policy at the Americas Society and Council of the Americas (AS/COA). Sabatini told him about an AS/COA internship, which Aho got. AS/COA then revived its Cuba Working Group, designed to foster political and economic openings between the United States and Cuba. Within a few months, Aho was helping head up that group’s work. In April 2009, the White House relaxed the rules allowing Cuban Americans to visit family members on, and send remittances to, the island. It also took steps to increase the free flow of information to the Cuban people by authorizing U.S. telecommunications and Internet companies to engage in activities such as negotiating roaming agreements and laying fiber-optic cables. The move, Aho says, “recognized the gap between wishful thinking and reality, and what taking cuba policy from rhetoric to reality 3

Children play ball in Havana, Cuba

had to happen next.” He explains: “Federal agencies had to rewrite the rules governing telecommunications, which meant talking to the industries concerned. I facilitated meetings between U.S. government regulators responsible for enforcing sanctions, and the private sector, which would carry out the president’s directives.” In 2011, he helped organize one of the first-ever formal dialogues between senior Cuban government officials and senior executives from U.S. companies. Though he did not have a law degree, Aho accepted a job in 2012 at Akerman, which was impressed with his work at the council. Once there, Aho saw that while the Obama administration was working to loosen the embargo, U.S. companies were slow to take advantage of new legal authorizations. “Someone had to grab executives by the lapels, drag them down to Cuba, and say, ‘Look, here’s an opportunity. Here are the rules, and I’ve got an army of lawyers to confirm them.’ For most of my years working in this space, Cuba was so toxic, secrecy and discretion were important. So very quietly, from 2012 to 2014, we moved from a reactive to a prescriptive role.” Aho was involved behind the scenes with many recommendations that later became the substance of normalization, such as increasing the limit on remittances that can be carried to Cuba by authorized travelers, allowing them to use credit and debit cards, and sanctioning the sale of telecommunications hardware in Cuba. 4 matthew aho ’02

Aho says the U.S. business community may have a hard time overcoming decades of mistrust. But U.S. policy is unambiguous. “Our marching orders are to support the president’s normalization policies. The new rules are out there, and American companies and not-for-profit institutions should proceed boldly,” he says. Notable successes include Airbnb, whose April 2015 Cuban launch Aho’s team advised on “from soup to nuts. It proved our unique expertise and was the green light that compelled companies in telecommunications and banking to fulfill demands that hadn’t existed before.” And in March 2016 came the Havana concert of electronic music group Major Lazer, with U.S. DJ Diplo, drawing more than 400,000 young Cuban fans. Coincidentally, also working on that event was Chris Wangro ’80, a former special events director for the New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. What does Aho think the Cuban government wants from the U.S. détente? “I don’t think anyone knows exactly what they want,” he says. “But in the same way that President Obama has set policy, so has Raúl Castro, which is normalization with the United States. That doesn’t mean Cuba will change overnight into a fully functioning capitalist democracy with a market economy. There’s little reason to believe changes in U.S. policy will alter Cuba’s own political trajectory.” photo ©Michael Nagle

Then there’s the looming U.S. election, with candidate Ted Cruz, a first-generation Cuban American who is against immigration from and normalization with Cuba, still in the running. “One of the most interesting parts of my job has been meeting Cuban Americans, young and old, who believe that we need a new chapter in U.S.– Cuban policy for a better future,” says Aho. “The fruits of normalization are just beginning. Even if Cruz becomes president and tries to reverse policy, our hope is that by then, enough people will be invested to say, ‘No, this isn’t the way to go.’” Projects planned for 2016 include many in finance and communications—bedrock sectors necessary for doing business in Cuba— and several high-profile music and arts events, including Musicabana, a major international music festival to be held in early May (again with Wangro as senior producer). Cuba’s biggest international concert in 30 years, it is designed to be a bridge between Cuba, the United States, and the rest of the world. “The mission, once a year, is to make Havana the epicenter of music in the Caribbean and Central and South America, and create a new platform for musical, artistic, and cultural excellence,” says Aho. His personal 2016 plans also include giving back to Bard. He joined the recently formed Center for Civic Engagement (CCE) Young Alumni/ae Advisory Council (YAAC), a leadership committee representing the broad range of interests in CCE’s activities. “I’d been interested in finding more ways to get involved at Bard. It wasn’t until after I went to my first meeting that I realized how active Bard was globally.” Through YAAC, he learned about Bard’s Cuba tour this June

organized by the Bard College Conservatory of Music (see below). He offered to help with U.S. legal compliance issues, and is helping set up meetings on the ground between President Leon Botstein and Cuban officials from the ministries of culture and education. Aho emphasizes he’s no Cuban corporate gun for hire. “I hope I’m not betraying my lefty roots at Bard, but I don’t want this piece to be about me opening up the first Starbucks or something. I see myself as working toward correcting more than five decades of failed policy. Opinion polls in the United States and Cuba show overwhelming support for normalization. If you go to Cuba today as an American, all you hear is, ‘You’re welcome here.’ This is about tearing down policies that created a misguided wall between Cuba and the American people, and while I don’t want to see a McDonalds on every corner in Havana or the return of casinos to the island, I don’t think the Cuban government wants that either. As for the Cuban people, part of being free and prosperous is having both the right and the means to have a Big Mac if they choose. I recognize that normalization may entail an American chain going down there, but it’s up to the Cuban government to decide its priorities.” He is, after all, participating in, and a witness to, a historic process, and his role continues to evolve. “I have this crazy position— which serves as a lesson that we can’t predict our futures. I never went to law school, but I occupy a major role at a major national law firm within its highest-profile practice group in an unconventional way, which in itself is very Bard-like.”

a bard first in cuba The Bard College Conservatory Orchestra is about to become the first conservatory orchestra to perform in Cuba since normalization between the United States and the island nation. “The tour is happening now, as the pace of relations with Cuba quickens, because we feel we can play a positive role, through music, in affecting the way that the relationship develops between our countries,” says Robert Martin, vice president for policy and planning, and director of the Bard College Conservatory of Music, referring to the orchestra’s cultural-exchange program and Cuban tour from June 3 to 10. The Conservatory Orchestra will perform works by Bartók, Rossini, and Brahms in concerts in Cienfuegos, Santa Clara, and Havana, conducted by Music Director Leon Botstein, with pianist and Conservatory faculty member Peter Serkin as soloist in Havana. “We at the Bard Conservatory are thrilled to have been invited by the Cuban Institute of Music and the Cuban Ministry of Culture,” says Martin. Collaboration with Cuban artists through side-by-side performances—with Camerata Romeu and young members of the Cuba National Orchestra, at music schools, and in chamber music workshops—is an integral component of the tour. “We see this as an exciting opportunity to establish new ties between our students and the young people of Cuba.” Martin

thanked the Conservatory’s Advisory Board and the Open Society Foundations for their support of this groundbreaking tour. Cuba, known for its rich musical heritage, has long held a fascination for musicians worldwide. The country has also long been off-limits to Americans because of its communist government, but with the recent easing of travel restrictions and regulations by the U.S. State Department, it is easier for U.S. citizens to visit the country now than it has for most of the last 50 years. This relaxation of rules is ushering in a new era of contact between these international neighbors that have been estranged for longer than many of their citizens have been alive. A concert tour of Asia in 2012 took the Conservatory Orchestra to Hong Kong, Shanghai, Beijing, Tainjin, Guangzhou, and Wuhan. That successful series was followed by a tour of Russia and Central Europe in 2014 with performances in Warsaw, St. Petersburg, Moscow, Budapest, Bratislava, Vienna, Prague, and Berlin. Over the past 10 years, Conservatory students, who come from 16 countries, have participated in student exchanges and projects in China, Poland, Venezuela, and Hungary; the Conservatory hopes to foster similar relationships in other Latin American countries as well as Cuba, and bring ensembles from Latin America to perform at Bard. taking cuba policy from rhetoric to reality 5

6 national geographic

national geographic

vultures are revolting. here’s why we need to save them. by Elizabeth Royte ’81

The scavengers do the dirty work of cleaning up after death. With their numbers plummeting, we’re learning how much we need to keep them alive. At sunset the wildebeest seems doomed: Sick or injured, it’s wandering miles from its herd on the Serengeti Plain of Tanzania. By sunrise the loner is dead, draped in a roiling scrum of vultures, 40 or so birds searching for a way to invade its earthly remains. Some of the scavengers wait patiently, with a Nixonian hunch, eyes on their prize. But most are engaged in gladiatorial battle. Talons straining, they rear and rake, joust and feint. One pounces atop another, then bronco rides its bucking and rearing victim. The crowd parts and surges in a blackand-brown wave of undulating necks, stabbing beaks, and thrashing wings. From overhead, a constant stream of new diners swoops in, heads low, bouncing and tumbling in their haste to join the mob. Why the fuss over a carcass so large? Why the unseemly greed? Because the wildebeest is tough-skinned and wasn’t killed by carnivores, it lacks an opening wide enough for general admission. And so the boldest birds compete furiously for access. As the crowd cackles and caws, a white-backed vulture snakes its head deep into the wildebeest’s eye socket and hurriedly slurps, with grooved tongue, whatever it can before being ripped from its place at the table. Another whitebacked tunnels into a nostril while a Rüppell’s vulture starts at the other end; it’s eight inches into the wildebeest’s anus before another bird wrenches it away, then slithers its own head, like an arm into an evening glove, up the intestinal tract. And so it goes—40 desperate birds at five golf-ball-size holes. Eventually, two lappet-faced vultures make their move. These spectacular-looking animals stand more than a yard tall, with wingspans of nine feet. (In treetops, they make stick nests as big as king-size beds.) Their faces are pink, their bills large and deeply arched, and their powerful necks festooned with crepey roseate skin and a brown Tudor ruff. While one lappet hammers a hole in the wildebeest’s shoulder, the other excavates behind a sinus, in hopes of A young griffon vulture. photo ©Radius Images/Corbis

finding juicy botfly larvae. Sinews and skin snap. Now a white-backed rams its head down the wildebeest’s throat and yanks out an eightinch length of trachea, ribbed like a vacuum hose. But before the vulture can enjoy it, the four-foot-tall marabou stork that’s been stiffly lurking snatches the windpipe away, tosses it once for perfect alignment, and swallows it whole. Thanks to the labors of the lappets, which favor sinew over muscle, the wildebeest is now wide open. Heads fling blood and mucus into the air; viscera drip from vulture bills; two birds play tug-of-war with a ten-foot rope of intestine coated in dirt and feces. As the wildebeest shrinks, the circle of sated birds lounging in the short grass expands. With bulging crops, the vultures settle their heads atop folded wings and slide their nictitating membranes shut. No more sound, no more fury. As placid as suburban ducks, they rest, at peace with the world. The vulture may be the most maligned bird on the planet, a living metaphor for greed and rapaciousness. Leviticus and Deuteronomy classify vultures as unclean, creatures to be held in abomination by the children of Israel. In his diary during the voyage of H.M.S. Beagle in 1835, Charles Darwin called the birds “disgusting,” with bald heads “formed to wallow in putridity.” Among their many adaptations to their feculent niche: the ability to vomit their entire stomach contents when threatened, the better to take quick flight. Revolting? Perhaps. But vultures are hardly without redeeming values. They don’t (often) kill other animals, they probably form monogamous pairs, and we know they share parental care of chicks, and loaf and bathe in large, congenial groups. Most important, they perform a crucial but massively underrated ecosystem service: the rapid cleanup, and recycling, of dead animals. By one estimate, vultures vultures are revolting 7

A lappet-faced vulture fights a jackal over a topi carcass

either residing in or commuting into the Serengeti ecosystem during the annual migration—when 1.3 million white-bearded wildebeests shuffle between Kenya and Tanzania—historically consumed more meat than all mammalian carnivores in the Serengeti combined. And they do it fast. A vulture can wolf more than two pounds of meat in a minute; a sizable crowd can strip a zebra—nose to tail—in 30 minutes. Without vultures, reeking carcasses would likely linger longer, insect populations would boom, and diseases would spread—to people, livestock, and other wild animals. But this copacetic arrangement, shaped by the ages, is not immutable. In fact, in some key regions it’s in danger of collapse. Africa had already lost one of its eleven vulture species—the cinereous vulture—and now seven others are listed as either critically endangered or endangered. Some, like the lappet, are found predominantly in protected areas (which are themselves threatened), and other regional populations of the Egyptian and bearded vulture are nearly extinct. Vultures and other scavenging birds, says Darcy Ogada, assistant director of Africa programs at the Peregrine Fund, “are the most threatened avian functional group in the world.” On a sunny March day Ogada is traveling with her colleague Munir Virani in the Masai Mara region of Kenya. Virani is here not to study his beloved birds but to speak with herdsmen about their 8 national geographic

cows. Livestock husbandry, it turns out, is essential to vulture welfare. As our truck weaves through flocks of sheep and goats, Virani explains how the Maasai have in recent years leased their land, which rings the northern section of the Masai Mara National Reserve, to conservancies established to protect wildlife by excluding pastoralists and their livestock. Some Maasai claim the conservancies have lured more lions and other carnivores to the area. (The conservancies are contiguous and unfenced.) Meanwhile populations of wildebeests and other resident ungulates in the Mara ecosystem are facing threats from poaching, prolonged drought, and conversion of savanna to cropland and real estate. This in itself would be bad news for vultures, but there’s worse. Virani asks every Maasai we meet: Have you lost any livestock to predators recently? The answer is always, “Yes, and my neighbors have too.” Usually the lions attack at night, when the cattle are penned inside bomas—corrals ringed with thorny brush. The lions roar, then terrified cattle stampede, crash through the boma gate, and scatter. Dogs bark, waking their owners, but it’s usually too late. The killing of a single cow represents a loss of 30,000 shillings ($300), a significant blow to families that use livestock as currency (a bull can be worth 100,000 shillings).

photo ©Carl de Souza/AFP/Getty Images

Next comes retaliation: The men tie up their dogs, retrieve what’s left of the lion’s kill, and sprinkle it with a generic form of Furadan, a cheap, fast-acting pesticide that’s readily available under the table. The lion returns to feed, most likely with its family, and the entire pride succumbs. (Researchers estimate that Kenya loses a hundred lions a year in these conflicts. The country has roughly 1,600 lions left.) Inevitably vultures also visit the livestock carcass, or they eat the poisoned lions themselves. Whatever the vector, the birds, which can feed in “wakes” of more than a hundred individuals, all die as well. It’s hard to believe that just a few granules of a compound designed to kill worms and other invertebrates can lay low an animal whose gastric juices are acidic enough to neutralize rabies, cholera, and anthrax. Indeed, Furadan was scarcely on Ogada’s radar until 2007, when she began receiving emails from colleagues about poisoned lions. “That raised some eyebrows,” she says. Tourism is Kenya’s second largest source of foreign income, and lions are the nation’s star attraction. In 2008 scientists and representatives from conservation groups and government agencies convened in Nairobi to share information on poisonings and plan a response. “Jaws dropped,” Ogada remembers. “The problem was far larger than any of us, working locally, knew.” Once Ogada and others began to study the problem, they estimated that poisoning accounts for 61 percent of vulture deaths, Africa-wide. The anthropogenic threat is compounded by vultures’ reproductive biology: They don’t reach sexual maturity until five to seven years of age, they produce a chick only once every year or two, and 90 percent of their young die in the first year. Over the next half century vulture numbers on the continent are projected to decline by 70 to 97 percent. As bad as the African situation appears, it has been worse elsewhere. In India populations of the most common vultures—white-rumped, long-billed, and slender-billed—declined by more than 96 percent in just a single decade. Then in 2003 researchers from the Peregrine Fund definitively linked bird carcasses with cattle that had been treated with an anti-inflammatory called diclofenac. Initially prescribed for arthritis and other pain in humans, the drug had been approved for veterinary use in 1993. In vultures, diclofenac causes kidney failure: Autopsies reveal organs coated with white crystals. The Indian die-off received a lot of attention because its downstream effects were so startling. India has one of the largest cattle populations in the world, but most Indians don’t eat beef. After millions of vultures fell victim to poisoning, dead cattle started piling up. Then the dog population—released from competing with vultures for scavenged food—leaped by 7 million, to 29 million animals over an 11year period. The result: an estimated 38.5 million additional dog bites. Rat populations soared. Deaths from rabies increased by nearly 50,000, which cost Indian society roughly $34 billion in mortality, treatment expenses, and lost wages. India’s Parsi community in Mumbai was alarmed to note another change. The corpses they ritually place on elevated stone platforms for “sky burial”—in which vultures liberate the souls of the dead so that they can reach heaven—

were taking months longer to disappear, because there were no vultures left to feed on them. After researchers proved that diclofenac was to blame for the vulture die-off, in 2006 veterinary use of the drug was banned in India, Pakistan, and Nepal. (It’s still given to cattle clandestinely.) Bangladesh followed suit in 2010, and in mid-June 2015, a coalition of conservation groups urged the European Commission to ban the drug’s use in animals. A response is pending. In combination with captive-breeding programs and vulture “restaurants,” which serve safe meat from farms or abattoirs to wild birds, the campaign has done some good. Nine years on, Indian vulture declines have slowed, and in some regions their numbers have even begun to increase. But the population of the three hardest-hit species remains a small fraction of its former millions. Ogada isn’t hopeful that Africa will follow India’s lead in responding to the vulture crisis. “There has been little government action to conserve vultures in Kenya,” she says, “and no political will to limit the use of carbofurans,” the chemical family that includes Furadan. And although vultures in India face just one major threat—unintentional poisoning—vultures in Africa face many more. In July 2012, 191 vultures died after feasting on an elephant that had been poached and then sprinkled with poison in a Zimbabwean national park. A year later roughly 500 vultures were killed after feeding on a poison-laced elephant in Namibia. Why do poachers, intent on ivory, target vultures in this way? “Because their kettling in the sky over dead elephants and rhinoceroses alerts game wardens to their activities,” Ogada says. Ivory poachers now account for one-third of all East African vulture poisonings. Cultural practices have also taken a toll on vultures. According to André Botha, co-chair of the vulture specialist group at the International Union for Conservation of Nature, many of the birds found at poached carcasses are missing their heads and feet—a sure sign they’ve been sold for muti, or traditional healing. Shoppers at southern African markets have little trouble buying body parts believed to cure a range of ailments or impart strength, speed, and endurance. Dried vulture brain is also popular: Mixed with mud and smoked, it’s said to conjure guidance from beyond. Still, the biggest existential threat to African vultures remains the ubiquitous availability and use of poisons. FMC, the Philadelphiabased maker of Furadan, began buying back the compound from distribution channels in Kenya, Uganda, and Tanzania—and suspended sales in South Africa—following a 60 Minutes segment on lion poisonings in 2009. But the compound, in generic form, persists. Agriculture is the second largest industry in Kenya, and the nation has a long history of using toxins to combat outbreaks of disease and pests. Anyone can walk into a Kenyan agro-veterinary shop and, for less than two dollars, buy highly toxic pesticides off the shelf—to kill insects, mice, feral dogs, hyenas, leopards, jackals, and even fish and ducks meant for human consumption. (Poachers claim, erroneously, that removing the animal’s entrails, then slowly roasting the carcass, detoxifies the flesh.) vultures are revolting 9

A fetish market in Cotonou, Benin

“You cannot have agriculture in the tropics without pesticides,” Charles Musyoki, former head of species management for the Kenya Wildlife Service, says. “So we need to educate the public about their correct and safe use.” What the public understands now is that carbofurans are cheap, reliable, and—compared with stalking and spearing a predator—risk free. To date, the government hasn’t prosecuted a single poisoner of vultures. “Poisoning predators is just part of the culture,” Ogada says with a shrug. Indigenous groups have always protected their herds, and the descendants of Europeans—who introduced cheap synthetic poisons in the first place—have been slaughtering mammalian and avian carnivores in Africa for more than 300 years. After a long day of speaking with Maasai herdsmen, Virani and Ogada are eager for the sun to set, not to escape the heat but to witness the flicking of an electrical switch. In the gloaming, Virani parks his jeep outside a compound that sits in the pounded dust bowl between the 50,000-acre Mara Naboisho Conservancy, to the east, and the 400,000-acre Masai Mara reserve, to the west. Under a velvet sky glimmering with stars, Virani stares at a boma and, when a dozen lightbulbs strung between fence posts blink on, breaks into a grin.

10 national geographic

Balloon safari operators, who ascend before daybreak, have complained about this nighttime light pollution. But to Virani these flashing bulbs, connected to a solar battery, are a minor miracle, the safest, most cost-effective way to keep predators away from cattle pens and short-circuit the retaliatory poisoning that’s decimating vultures. “The lights cost between 25,000 and 35,000 shillings per boma,” Virani says—between $250 and $350, with the Peregrine Fund picking up half of that. “Prevent one cattle predation, and they’ve paid for themselves.” In their first six months of deployment in this part of the Mara, lion attacks on 40 bomas with arrays went down by 90 percent. So far, carnivores and elephants—which commute between the conservancies and the reserve, often through Maasai vegetable patches—are still avoiding the lights, but lack of maintenance and mismanagement of the systems (siphoning power to charge phones, for example) have reduced their effectiveness. Still, demand for the arrays far outpaces supply. On the Serengeti, about 150 miles to the south of the Masai Mara, the sun rises on three adult hyenas, shoulder deep in yet another dead wildebeest. Now and then the feathered audience that has gathered at this theater-in-the-round advances toward the stage, only to be

photo ©Philippe Lissac/Godong/Corbis

rebuffed by the principal actors raising their chins and curling their black lips. The vultures take the hint. There is, between the fourlegged and the two-, a palpable respect: Hyenas rely on vultures to locate kills, and vultures rely on hyenas to quickly bust them open. Eventually the hyenas are full enough to retreat, cuing the birds to swarm. Now the carcass rocks back and forth as two dozen vultures rip, slurp, pry, and tug. Suddenly a lappet drops out of the sky, then bashes skulls with two other lappets standing innocently on the periphery. The aggressor wheels, ducks its head, raises its massive wings, then mounts the wildebeest in triumph. “They are the most amusing animals,” Simon Thomsett, a vulture expert affiliated with the National Museums of Kenya, says, binoculars to his eyes. “You certainly couldn’t spend this long watching a lion.” Hours pass, the bloody players come and go: hyenas, jackals, storks, scavenging eagles, and four species of vulture. Despite the apparent hysteria, everyone gets a chance, partitioning the carcass in time and space according to social status and physical ability. Both Thomsett and Ogada, who often collaborate, have spent much time pondering what would happen if vultures were subtracted from this cast of characters. Running field experiments with goat carcasses over a two-year period, Ogada learned that in the absence of vultures, carcasses took nearly three times as long to decompose, the number of mammals visiting carcasses tripled, and the amount of time these animals stayed at the carcass also nearly tripled. Why do these data matter? Because the longer jackals, leopards, lions, hyenas, genets, mongooses, and dogs commune with one another at a carcass, the more likely they are to spread pathogens— which die in vulture stomachs—to other animals, both wild and domesticated. By eating wildebeest placenta, Thomsett tells me from his perch in the jeep, vultures also prevent cattle from contracting malignant catarrh, an often fatal herpes virus. And by reducing carcasses to bones within hours, they suppress insect populations, linked with eye diseases in both people and livestock. “Vultures are more important, in terms of services to humanity, than the ‘big five’ that everyone comes here to see,” he says. Their loss, scientists believe, would likely set off an ecological and economic catastrophe. Although poisoning is the proximate driver of Africa’s vulture decline, the plain-speaking Thomsett stresses its root cause: too many people. Kenya’s population is expected to reach 81 million, from today’s 44 million, by 2050. And the Maasai are among the fastest growing groups in the country. Thomsett lowers his binoculars and expands on the list of anthropogenic threats to Kenya’s vultures. Farmers are planting corn and wheat around protected areas to feed the growing population, he says. Less grassland means fewer ungulates for vultures to eat. The government hasn’t been able to stop drilling for geothermal wells within 300 meters (328 yards) of endangered Rüppell’s nesting sites, he continues. Vultures are also killed in collisions with high-tension power lines. The Kenya Wildlife Service has yet to write, let alone implement, a strategic plan for vulnerable vulture species. (Such a plan is imminent, the service’s Charles Musyoki told me.) photo Rod Morrison

In December 2013 Kenya passed an act that imposes a fine of up to 20 million shillings ($200,000) or life imprisonment on anyone linked with killing an endangered species. And the Kenya Wildlife Service is said to be planning a campaign to shift the public’s perception of vultures. But without better investigating and enforcement of anti-poisoning laws, to say nothing of convicting perpetrators, Ogada and Thomsett agree, such campaigns won’t be nearly enough to save the region’s birds. More immediately effective, they say, would be for the government to accept an offer from a landowner in southwestern Kenya. He has offered to sell land containing one of the nation’s most important breeding cliffs for the critically endangered Rüppell’s vulture. Thomsett continues to observe the vultures wallowing in putridity, making detailed sketches of their heads and feet in a thick notebook, until the birds have eaten their fill and the wildebeest resembles a wrinkled blue-gray rug, with hooves. In the days to come, any remaining scraps of skin and sinew will be ravaged by the elements, by insects, fungi, and microbes. The ungulate’s larger bones will persist for years, but in the meantime its basic building blocks will cycle on—in the soil, in vegetation, and in every glorious vulture that fed on its prodigal abundance today.

Elizabeth Royte ’81

Elizabeth Royte ’81 is the author of three books: Bottlemania, Garbage Land, and The Tapir’s Morning Bath, and her writing on science and the environment appears in a wide range of national publications. (Her March 2016 cover story for National Geographic, “Waste Not, Want Not,” unpacked the surprisingly complex issue of wasted food.) The spark for this article on African vultures, which originally ran in the January 2016 issue of National Geographic, was a piece about David and Rosalie Rose Distinguished Professor of Science, Mathematics, and Computing Felicia Keesing’s work on the consequences of biodiversity loss in African savannas. As Royte so eloquently illustrates, the biggest losers in the demise of these magnificent creatures, which perform the very valuable service of disposing of dead animals, will be people. vultures are revolting 11

microscopy at bard

bringing science into focus by Michael Tibbetts

Sophia Zega ’16 sits peering into a microscope that, along with all its attachments, takes up nearly half of a small room in the Gabrielle H. Reem and Herbert J. Kayden Center for Science and Computation. It is a confocal microscope, which allows the viewer to examine an object by scanning a focused laser into a sample to create a threedimensional image. “We can slice through optically to the internal segments of the specimen, not just look at the surface,” says Brooke Jude, assistant professor of biology. “There is a lot of potential for uses with this.” The state-of-the-art microscope uses scanning mirrors to launch multiple lasers simultaneously into a sample, where they excite fluorescent dyes inside the specimen. The emitted fluorescence passes through a dichroic mirror and through a pinhole, and is then measured by detectors called photomultiplier tubes. The confocal pinhole allows the microscope to reject out-of-focus fluorescent light and image a thin cross-section of the sample. By scanning many thin sections, a researcher can create a very clear three-dimensional image of the sample. The confocal microscope is the latest in a series of microscopes making their appearance at Bard. The Division of Science, Mathematics, and Computing also purchased an atomic force microscope (AFM), which can create images of atomic-scale objects in three dimensions—analogous to a topographical map of a geographical area. Both microscopes have been purchased with a generous $500,000 grant; the final piece of equipment to be acquired through the grant, in two years’ time, will be a Ti:sapphire laser, which “will turn the confocal microscope into two-photon microscopy,” says

12 microscopy at bard

Jude. This new laser is “ultrafast,” according to Christopher LaFratta, assistant professor of chemistry, who will be using it with his classes. “Ultrafast means the laser produces light pulses a mere 10 femtoseconds long—a femtosecond is a million times shorter than a nanosecond.” These ultrafast pulses, when focused inside a microscope, enable nonlinear optical phenomena to take place, such as two-photon fluorescence, which is ideal for generating 3D images deep within tissue. “Two-photon microscopy allows for imaging thicker samples, or deeper into a sample, than confocal microscopy—thus increasing the variety of samples that can be imaged,” Jude adds. Having both AFM and two-photon microscopes is quite unusual for a college of Bard’s size. Zega, a dual major in biology and dance from Hood River, Oregon, is conducting her Senior Project—for which I am her adviser—on the molecular processes distinguishing cell regeneration from cell development. She is examining hair cells in zebrafish, which, unlike human hair cells, can regenerate. (Hair cells are found in the inner ear, and their death over time in mammals causes hearing loss.) FAT2 is one of the proteins whose levels increase following hair cell death, in preparation for regeneration, and also is a factor in planar cell polarity, which keeps cells in their proper orientation. “Is FAT2 important for hair cell development as well as regeneration?” is one question Zega is determined to find out. “And, since one of FAT2’s functions is to keep cells properly oriented, as a follow-up I will stain hair cells with dyes binding to actin and microtubules to observe how loss of FAT2 affects planar cell polarity.”

Hair cells in zebrafish seen through confocal microscope. image Sophia Zega

Sophia Zega ’16 at the confocal microscope

Henry Clark Travaglini ’16 at the atomic force microscope

The fluorescent tag is more concentrated where the protein is. By detecting the fluorescent signal, the confocal microscope isolates those structures so they are crystal clear. The laser can also be used to view different molecules in different colors, so you can tell when they’re perfectly colocalized, or aligned. Meindert “Fred” Tangerman ’16, a biology major from Northport, New York, is conducting a Senior Project similar to Zega’s in that he is isolating a protein—in his case, TEAD1, which binds to DNA and causes genes to be turned on. His Senior Project, also with me as adviser, is to turn the gene off in the zebrafish “and see what effect that has.” Another equipment wonder gracing the Biology, Chemistry, and Physics Programs is the scanning electron microscope (SEM), located in Rose Laboratories. It can take images of objects that are tens of thousands of times smaller than can be seen with the naked eye, enabling visualization of features made up of only a few hundred atoms. The focused beam of electrons that creates these images can also be used to shape and fabricate nanoscale features through a process known as electron-beam lithography. The microscope allows students and faculty from different sciences to examine subcellular structures (in biology), design prototypes of electronic devices (in physics), and study microfluidic reactions (in chemistry). The electron microscope is used particularly by Assistant Professor of Physics Paul Cadden-Zimansky’s nanoscale research group, which focuses on investigating the electronic properties of graphene, the thinnest material in the world. The purest crystalline graphene needed to study the material’s intrinsic properties is often only several micrometers across. In order to attach microscopic wires to this purest of graphene and probe the graphene’s electrons with voltages and currents, student researchers use the electron microscope’s lithography capability to fabricate gold wires—hundreds of times thinner than a human hair—that delicately connect to the edges of these tiny graphene flakes. Henry Clark Travaglini ’16, from Seattle, is one of those physics researchers. He is using the SEM and AFM in his Senior Project,

advised by Cadden-Zimansky, investigating properties of graphene. “I am most interested in the quantum Hall effect [an electronic state of matter that is only possible in two dimensions], and am attempting to build tiny electronic transistors using graphene. My research involves surfaces that are very flat because I’m working with very delicate properties, and a bumpy surface can interfere with those properties. The AFM is very useful to me because it allows me to image things topographically, which helps me determine the structure of the surface.” A predecessor, Trevor LaMountain ’15, is now in the applied physics Ph.D. program at Northwestern University, where he is a Ryan Fellow in nanotechnology. His research is focused on understanding the electronic and optical properties of two-dimensional materials, using these materials to control the interaction of light and matter at the quantum level. “This work opens the door to new architectures for next-generation electronics and information-processing technologies,” he says. LaMountain also studied graphene with Cadden-Zimansky. “In my Senior Project, I investigated the ways that light affects the electrical properties of graphene by measuring the flow of electricity through a flake of graphene that is exposed to laser light,” he says. “Since I was interested in the inherent characteristics of graphene, I needed to keep my samples as clean as possible. This was where the AFM was most critical: it gives you a beautiful 3D image of the surface of the graphene that is precise to less than a nanometer. I was able to develop new methods for cleaning my sample, and determine their effectiveness by looking at these AFM images before and after my process. This allowed me to create cleaner samples and consequently get more accurate information about graphene’s inherent properties.” “It’s an awesomely powerful tool that we have at our disposal,” says Travaglini. “The difference between the AFM and an optical microscope is nothing short of profound.”

photos Pete Mauney ’93, MFA ’00

Michael Tibbetts is professor of biology. bringing science into focus 13

25th anniversary

program in international education (pie) by Jennifer Murray

“Any form of difference is considered a betrayal: whether it is an odd haircut or an ideology denouncing an existing status quo,” reads the application of Muntaha Abed, an Al-Quds Bard College for Arts and Sciences (AQB) student selected to join the Program in International Education, known as PIE, for the Spring 2014 semester. This young Palestinian woman, who in Annandale wore her hair short and adopted the Americanisms of her fellow Bardians, began her undergraduate studies at a huge Palestinian university where she felt “indoctrinated, asked to memorize information to rewrite on an exam.” She visited classes at Al-Quds Bard, then transferred there. During her semester at Bard, Abed studied contemporary American literature, Gender and Sexuality in Muslim Society, and Philosophy of Nietzsche. For her, reverse culture shock was harder than living as an American college student. “I think about my PIE experience and the amazing work students do back there, and the opportunities they’re showered with, and then coming back here to all the disappointments.” Since her time in Annandale she has begun to defy “the rules of conformity and strictness” in her home culture: “PIE helped me form my own identity and accept the identities of others.” Abed was recently accepted to the master’s program in gender and sexuality at the University of London. This year PIE celebrates its 25th year of bringing young people from countries in conflict or transition to Bard College for an intensive semester on an American campus. Applications are read by a team of reviewers at Bard’s Institute for International Liberal Education (IILE) and Center for Civic Engagement (CCE). In total, five students from Al-Quds Bard, 10 from the American University of Central Asia (AUCA), 32 from the Faculty of Liberal Arts and Sciences, St. Petersburg State University (Smolny College), and two Kellner scholars from Hungary will have spent a term during the 2015–16 academic year in Annandale or at the Bard Globalization and International Affairs (BGIA) Program in New York City. For many of these students, PIE provided the first chance to see their homelands through the lens of another culture. “Being at Bard was a life changer,” says Tim Lai of South Africa, PIE ’12. “After living so openly as a gay man in America, I knew that things back home had to change, that I could not go back into the closet.” Lai is preparing for graduate school in the United States.


25th anniversary

Abed and Lai are just two of more than 400 students, citizens of 37 countries, who have participated in PIE since 1991. It all started in May 1990, soon after the November 1989 fall of the Berlin Wall, when Bard held a conference, “The Recovery of Memory: Eastern Europe and the Question of Nationalism,” which included intellectuals, artists, and policy makers from Hungary, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Romania, the Soviet Union, Yugoslavia, and East Germany, as well as the United States and Canada. One result of the conference was the decision to establish an undergraduate exchange program with a focus on democratization. The idea was to introduce bright young people from “countries in transition” to American political and social systems, while simultaneously learning from the students’ experiences in nations where the struggle for democracy was still being waged. Students were required to take a seminar on an aspect of democratization; topics included nationalism and human rights, with courses offered by the Anthropology, Historical Studies, Literature, and Political Studies Programs, among others. Twenty-five years later, the program has evolved. PIE still anchors the work of IILE, founded in 1998 by Susan Gillespie, now vice president for special global initiatives. It has the generous support of Jim and Mary Ottaway, George and Bicky Kellner, and Felicitas S. Thorne, among others. “Mary and I had met two leading Czechoslovak dissidents for whom we named the Jiri Hanzelka and Milan Simecka PIE Scholarships, which we funded for 17 years,” says Ottaway, a Bard life trustee. “Hanzelka, a Czech, and Simecka, a Slovak, both came to that 1990 conference at Bard. We admired them for their moral courage, and we remained good friends until their deaths.” Adds Thorne, “To meet the students and experience their enthusiasm and aptitude has been inspiring. Under the umbrella of CCE, I have seen these seeds flourish in many ways.” In the early years, PIE focused on students from Eastern and Central Europe, who came to Bard for a year. Perhaps most transformative for those students was the experience of liberal arts education, with its student-centered pedagogy, multidisciplinary approach, and permission to take courses in subjects outside an area of specialization—options not initially available at the students’ home universities. Pavol Szalia of Slovakia, PIE ’06, who works at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Bratislava, studied art history and political studies

at Bard, and remembers the impact of being in classes with students from highly industrialized nations alongside those from developing economies: “Bard provided depth and perspective to my education. I learned to think about issues from more than one point of view.” PIE students also learn about American life from Bard faculty, staff, and donors who actively ensure that they are exposed to a range of social as well as academic activities. Camelia Isaic of Romania, PIE ’99, recounts, “My experience at Bard taught me about the individual responsibilities, in addition to the rights, that come along with democracy. It allowed me to experience being part of a minority group. It helped me understand my own biases and work toward overcoming them.” Isaic is the first PIE student to make a recurring gift to IILE in support of PIE. The impact on the Bard community has been equally powerful. Nurzat Rakhmanberdieva of Kyrgyzstan, PIE ’13, attended Associate Professor of Computer Science and Mathematics Robert McGrail’s Programming Languages class. “Nurzat led a contingent of Bard women in computer science to attend the national Grace Hopper Celebration of Women in Computing in Minneapolis in 2013,” McGrail recalls. “And she secured a scholarship through Bard to return to the conference in 2014, but this time traveling from Bishkek.” After it began, the program served students from South Africa, Zimbabwe, Cambodia, Afghanistan, Russia, the former Soviet republics, and the Balkan countries, through financial aid from individual donors, family foundations, and grant-making institutions. Major support came from the Open Society Foundations, whose assistance to student exchange programs was inspired in part by the Bard initiative. For several years, cooperation with the Institute of International Education allowed PIE to expand its reach, and the Harpswell Foundation supported students from Cambodia. Four years ago, CCE Director Jonathan Becker, vice president for academic affairs, reframed PIE to focus mainly on students coming from Bard’s network of dual-degree partnerships. Students from partner institutions, including Smolny College, AUCA, and AQB, share the Bard experiences of the Language and Thinking Program, First-Year Seminar, Moderation, and Senior Project. Their familiarity with the basics of the Bard education allows PIE students to more easily adapt to, and benefit from, that education in Annandale; and students now spend a semester, rather than a year, at Bard—so that photo istockphoto

twice as many young people can participate. The program continues to foster dialogue across backgrounds. Ottaway recalls, “One consequence of PIE was conversations with American students who had never met anyone their age who had grown up under communism.” Recently, a group of PIE students visited Bard High School Early College in Queens, where they joined discussions about conservatism in Western European and American politics, as well as in their own countries. This fall, PIE students will observe American elections and analyze the American democratic process. In turn, PIE alumni/ae return home to share their cultures with Bard students who study abroad in Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Germany, or the West Bank. Serensamuu Budatsyrenov, PIE ’15, is from the Russian republic of Buryatia in eastern Siberia. While at BGIA, she completed an internship with the PEN American Center, which defends embattled writers worldwide. “Coming from Russia and frequently experiencing issues of falsified materials, I gained important skills,” she says. Her concerns range from freedom of expression to the fate of ethnic minorities, who, in Buryatia, “face significant problems with keeping their identity, culture, and language.” She will complete her degree in international relations at Smolny College. As PIE celebrates its 25th anniversary in October, the Program in International Education and Social Change (PIE-SC) will launch at Bard College Berlin. The emphasis will remain on students from nations now experiencing conflict and transition, beginning with Greece, Syria, Ukraine, and the Roma community. The upcoming reunion offers a chance for all Bard families to meet PIE students and alumni/ae, and learn more about the ways in which Bard’s international network brings the world to Annandale. Jennifer Murray is director of Bard’s Institute for International Liberal Education.

save the date PIE 25th Anniversary October 28–30, 2016, Bard College, Annandale

program in international education (pie) 15


the management of savagery: the islamic state, extreme violence, and endless war by Mark Danner

Iraqi Kurdish peshmerga fighters after capturing villages from Islamic State jihadists outside the Iraqi city of Kirkuk

Below are edited excerpts from Mark Danner’s December 2 lecture at the College. [Note: The talk came after coordinated terrorist attacks in Paris killed 130 people, but before a mass shooting by ISIS supporters killed 14 in San Bernardino, California, and 32 in Brussels.]

Most of my students have fairly misty memories of 9/11. The planes struck at the beginning of their coming to consciousness and they have lived ever since in an endless war. To them, this war is the accustomed reality. For the rest of us, we are living in a state of exception— what might otherwise be called a state of siege, martial law, a state of emergency. This state of exception was put into force on September 18, 2001, when President George W. Bush signed the Authorization for Use of Military Force, which the Congress had passed the day before. Day to day, most of us think little about it, but the state of exception defines an era of constraints on the very human and civil rights that, in our more prideful moments, we take to be the defining characteristic of our country. Since that moment in September 2001, United States policy has included indefinite detention without trial—nearly 100 prisoners remain isolated in an offshore prison at Guantanamo—as well as warrantless wiretapping, which continues, and torture. Torture, which used to be anathema and remains illegal, was performed on more than 100 prisoners or detainees during the Bush administra16 lecture

tion—and no one has been punished for it. We also have extrajudicial killing, which goes on nearly every day, courtesy of our drone program. An estimated 4,000 have died at the hands, as it were, of drones. And our special forces war continues under what Barack Obama calls his “light footprint.” All this grinds on out of earshot until, every once in a while, like lightning illuminating the horizon, an attack comes, and suddenly we see evil and experience another turning in the politics of fear. We’re experiencing that now, after the attacks in Paris. The politics of fear dominates our headlines and our political campaigns. Donald Trump says he would absolutely bring back torture, absolutely bring back waterboarding. “Even if it doesn’t work, they deserve it,” is one of his more charming quotes. The politics of fear has been very successful—for our enemies. If we had a map displaying who those enemies were on September 12, 2001, it would have little spots, perhaps 1,000 Al Qaeda members strewn about the mountains of Afghanistan. Today Al Qaeda has affiliates throughout the Middle East and South Asia, and the Islamic State governs directly a large part of Iraq and Syria. It’s my contention that we have, from the beginning, done exactly what our adversaries wanted. Al Qaeda Strategy to the Year 2020, a 1999 document produced by Saif al-Adel, a former colonel in the Egyptian special forces and the right-hand man of Osama Bin Laden, outlines the following key points: photo ©Marwan Ibrahim/AFP/Getty Images

“Provoke the United States and the West into invading a Muslim country by staging a massive attack or string of attacks on U.S. soil that results in massive civilian casualties. Incite local resistance to occupying forces. Expand the conflicts to neighboring countries and engage the United States and its allies in a long war of attrition. Convert Al Qaeda into an ideology and set of operating principles that can be loosely franchised in other countries without requiring direct command and control, and via these franchises incite attacks against the United States and countries allied with the United States until they withdraw from the conflict. The U.S. economy will finally collapse by the year 2020 under the strain of multiple engagements in numerous places, making the worldwide economic system, which is dependent on the United States, also collapse, leading to global political instability, which will in turn make possible a global jihad.” These points have, in fact, already occurred. The U.S. economy collapsed in 2008. In 2001, Hosni Mubarak ruled Egypt with an iron hand; Yemen and Tunisia were ruled by dictators; and there was a strong dictator in Syria and a strong dictator, Muammar el-Qaddafi, in Libya. Today, Libya is a jihadi battleground. Two thousand fighters are training there and major leaders of the Islamic State are arriving every day. Yemen is torn by a civil war between Shia and Sunni. Syria is an appalling mess, and the Islamic State occupies more than a third of it. Iraq is divided into three, and the Islamic State occupies close to a third of that country as well. I’ve taken my title tonight from a 2004 jihadi text called The Management of Savagery, by Abu Bakr Naji, a pseudonym. In it, Naji calls for strikes of extreme violence, burning, beheading—all things we’ve seen repeatedly at the hands of the Islamic State. He calls for eliminating the gray zone—areas where people stay out of the fight, taking neither side—by using spectacular violence to polarize populations, just as the attacks in Paris have done. He calls for attacks on tourist sites, which we’ve seen in Egypt and Tunisia: “If a tourist resort that the crusaders patronize is hit, all of the tourist resorts in all of the states of the world will have to be secured by the work of additional forces, which are double the ordinary amount and [is] a huge increase in spending.” He calls for increasing “vexation attacks” to “motivate crowds drawn from the masses to fly to the regions which we manage, particularly the youth.” At the last reliable estimate, the Islamic State had 30,000 foreign fighters, including many thousands from the West. Finally, Naji calls for working to expose “the weakness of America’s centralized power by pushing it to abandon the . . . war by proxy until it fights directly.” So when you hear Donald Trump calling for us to “bomb the shit out of ISIS,” he’s asking the United States to do exactly what theorists of the Islamic State and Al Qaeda have been calling for from the beginning. Televised images of what was going on in Iraq after the American invasion in 2003 were a present tied up in a bow for Al Qaeda. The images demonstrated in bright colors the heart of their ideology, which is that the United States is an oppressor of Muslims. You take

the United States, which is standing behind the autocracy of Mubarak, standing behind the autocracy of the Saud family in Saudi Arabia, and you provoke it to come to the region and show its true character as a suppressor, repressor, and oppressor of Muslims. The organization we now know as the Islamic State emerged in August 2003, as Iraq was descending into anarchy, in a series of horrific suicide attacks: the bombings of the Jordanian embassy, the UN compound at the Canal Hotel, and the grand mosque in Najaf. We didn’t know it was Al Qaeda in Iraq at the time, but the technique was notable. The group used savagery to a degree not seen before in the jihad. The Management of Savagery says, “Don’t just blow up a building, use enough explosives so that the building will disappear into the earth. Use fire. Burn people. Use extreme violence. Show your power.” The magnitude of the carnage produced by suicide bombings in Iraq had never been seen before: 100 people killed, 150 killed, 105 killed outside of the mosque, including Ayatollah Muhammad Bakr al-Hakim, who probably would have become president of Iraq. The scenes of horror were absolutely apocalyptic. One thing that stays with me from the scene after the 2003 Red Cross bombing is the sound of cell phones ringing on the corpses of those who had just been killed, because everybody around the city who had heard the bomb was calling family members who weren’t in the house to see if they were safe. I can hear those ringing phones still. This series of suicide bombings eventually set off a civil war in Iraq, and that war was another layer in the strategy of provocation. A map of the distribution of Shia and Sunni in the Middle East shows the major dividing line runs right through Iraq, which is somewhat like the former Yugoslavia in this regard: on the one hand, it’s one country, but on the other hand it has a sectarian dividing line that separates Shia states like Iran from Sunni states like Jordan and Saudi Arabia. Not coincidentally, there is a similar line in Syria. There are Shia Alawi—a particular sect of Shia—and Sunnis. The Islamic State is in Sunni Syria, Sunni Iraq. So essentially, with the help of the United States in Iraq, the Islamic State has played on this critical dividing line between Sunni and Shia. The Islamic State and its predecessor, Al Qaeda in Iraq, did this by staging extraordinarily bloody attacks on the Shia. These are Sunni groups, and they are small. At the time, they were a handful of people—1,500, 2,000. How do you increase your numbers? How do you awaken the sleeping Sunni around you and make them gravitate toward you? How do you make people who want nothing to do with fighting feel that they must choose sides? If you’re a ruthless Sunni group, you attack the Shia and provoke them to start killing Sunnis, and by so doing, get the Sunnis to start coming to your side—you force them to join you for their own protection. What do the jihadists want to accomplish? The caliphate’s ive-year plan echoes the 13th- and 14th-century expansion of the caliphate, including Andalus, otherwise known as Spain. It may seem absurd, but this is their ambition. Terrorism is their strategic weapon, the equivalent of our air force or navy, and they use it to reach out and strike at a distance, spark an insurrection, and transform this into a full-fledged insurgency and an insurgency into a true war. How? The the management of savagery 17

Families gather in the Kirkuk governorate after being displaced from Hawija and Hamrin in northern Iraq by the advance of Islamic State jihadists

first terrorist attack provokes counterattack and repression, which in turn provokes recruits to join the revolutionary cause, who undertake more terrorist attacks, provoking harsher repression, and so on. Recruitment to the Islamic State spiked in the wake of the Paris attacks, as it had after the Americans began bombing the group. The current issue of Dabiq, a very professionally produced monthly magazine published by the Islamic State, includes images from the Paris attacks, reminders of the Russian and French air strikes, and this quote from Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, the self-declared caliph: “By Allah we will take revenge. Even if it takes a while we will take revenge, and every amount of harm against the Ummah [community of Muslims] will be responded to with multitudes more against the perpetrator. Soon, by Allah’s permission, a day will come when the Muslim will walk everywhere as a master, having honor, being revered, with his head raised high and his dignity preserved. Anyone who dares to offend him will be disciplined, and any hand that reaches out to harm him will be cut off. Let the world know that we’re living today in a new era.” In one of its videos on the Internet, the Islamic State claims that their territory is “already greater than Britain. . . . It’s a state built on the prophetic methodology, striving to follow the Koran, and is far superior to Western states built on manmade laws where soldiers fight for the interests of legislators, liars, fornicators, corporations, and for the freedoms of sodomites. We are men honored with Islam, who climb its peaks to perform jihad, answering the call to unite under 18 lecture

one flag. . . . You may have the numbers and the weapons, but your soldiers lack the will and resolve, still scarred from their defeats in Afghanistan and Iraq. . . . In addition to the six-trillion-dollar price tag on your war against the Muslims, you’re now too weak to put boots on the ground. You opt instead to attack from the air with missiles, each worth $250,000, while we send your proxies to hell with 50-cent bullets. Then there’s a new coalition of devils with Iran, Turkey, and Russia joining the fray. The unbelievers will always unite together to fight the truth. So bring it on, all of you! Your numbers only increase us in faith.” “Bring it on” is a quote from our former president, of course. The imagery in many of these tapes is taken from various actions of the United States, which Americans often don’t recognize, but Middle Eastern people invariably do. For example, the orange jumpsuits worn by people the Islamic State is about to behead are a clear reference to Guantanamo. Americans often miss this; Arabs usually don’t. In addition to its propaganda videos, the Islamic State has a huge Twitter and YouTube film production industry designed to attract recruits. Some combat images are shot by the people on the ground, the actual fighters, but a lot of it is professionally filmed by squads of photographers, videographers, and others who, as the Washington Post recently reported, form an elite cadre within the Islamic State. They are paid more than regular soldiers, they’re given better houses, they’re given cars, they’re treated very well, because what they do is thought to be extremely important. photo ©Marwan Ibrahim/AFP/Getty Images

Conversion tapes are another genre of propaganda and they exist in many different languages. But by far the most famous, most viewed video is of a Jordanian pilot, 26-year-old Lieutenant Moaz alKasasbeh, who was shot down during a bombing mission over Syria. Jordan has since, not coincidentally, withdrawn from the coalition. This video will give you nightmares, but it is a critical document. A lot of it shows the violent result of coalition bombing: people being dug out of buildings, crushed bodies, the bodies of children. And then it shows the pilot being burned alive in a cage. The burning communicates power. It takes the violence of our air strikes and puts it into personal terms, and it shows that they will defend themselves with the most ruthless means. It also argues that the greater violence now will result in lesser violence later; that is, it will shorten the war. This is an argument that Americans use as well. A recent piece by Colonel Ralph Peters, Ret., a prominent commentator on the right, advocating bombing the Islamic State’s capital, was headlined, “Level Raqqa: Kill 10,000 Now to Save a Million Later.” In the Islamic State’s strategic map, the inner core is the caliphate in Syria and Iraq. Then you have a middle core, the “near-abroad,” where the goal is to establish affiliates and institute disorder. Finally, you have the far-abroad ring, where the idea is to attack and polarize. The attack on Paris was intended to reduce that so-called “gray area” in which people can remain indifferent. Particularly in France, Belgium, and other countries in Europe with large Muslim populations, part of the goal is to bolster extreme right-wing politics, exacerbate paranoia against Muslims, exacerbate the pressure on Muslims in order to make them feel unwanted, and thus to increase recruitment to the Islamic State and other jihadi groups. I expect there will be more of these attacks. One of the reasons that they’re so hard to guard against is because the Islamic State, as distinguished from Al Qaeda, is willing to attack soft targets. Al Qaeda, particularly when it came to targeting the United States, wanted spectacular events that were rather complicated to plan and execute. But the more complicated the plot, the more vulnerable it is to penetration and foiling. If the Islamic State wants to attack soft targets in the United States—which is, I think, a natural development—it will certainly be successful at some point. In the run-up to the presidential election, it will be interesting to see if they try to alter the dynamic of the race to elect somebody who will give them the harsh response they are after. So how can we get out of the role that’s been designed for us by our enemies? I leave that as an open question, but I want to put in your mind a couple of thoughts. One is then Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld’s question to the Defense Department in a 2004 memo: Are we killing, capturing, or deterring more terrorists than the imams and madrassas are producing? That’s a paraphrase. Basically, he was saying that we had no metrics to decide whether we were successful in the war on terror, but what we should attempt to focus on is whether we are decreasing or increasing the number of terrorists. It seems to me that we now have a definitive answer to Rumsfeld’s question: the United States, by its actions, has become a terrorist-producing machine.

Any study you’d like to consult shows that the number of jihadi groups is skyrocketing. After 9/11 we had one multinational network with a thousand or so people: Al Qaeda. Today we have two, including the Islamic State, which is much larger and holds territory the size of Great Britain. In 2002, the number of terrorist attacks, as measured by the U.S. Department of State, was 725. Last year, there were close to 33,000, an increase of 4,000 percent. You can question the methodology, but the numbers tell us that the actions we’ve taken have, at least in some way, taken a very small extremist organization and created a large jihadi wave that is growing all the time. Our current strategy is containment of the Islamic State, which is probably the right strategy: air strikes that are carefully planned to minimize the killing of civilians. Until recently, the Islamic State disagreed with Al Qaeda’s strategy of attacking the “far enemy”—the United States and other Western countries—directly. The Islamic State leaders were more preoccupied with “near enemies,” Islamic states and other jihadi groups. One could argue that the Islamic State may be attacking the far enemy now because it’s being pushed back on the ground within Syria and Iraq, losing territory. Because you have to show yourself to be successful if you want to recruit people, they’ve started launching attacks on the far enemy. President Obama was ridiculed for saying before the attacks in Paris that the Islamic State was contained. But he was right in that a containment regime is gradually pushing back on the borders within Syria and Iraq. Still, we need to find a different answer to Rumsfeld’s question. Imagine for a second a target with a yellow bull’s-eye, and in this bull’s-eye are the militants of the Islamic State, the suicide bombers, the insurgents. In the circle around that bull’s-eye, imagine the people who are giving them money, actively supporting them. In the next circle, imagine the people who are sympathetic, who are doing various things to help them. In the next circle, a little less support, but still support. In the next circle, people who are indifferent, who don’t support them at all. For the Islamic State and Al Qaeda as well, the strategic goal of this war is to take actions that will move those people toward the center. It stands to reason that the strategy of the United States and its allies should be the opposite; that is, taking actions that will move people away from the center, reducing the number of jihadists, reducing the number of sympathizers. We’ve tried to answer their propaganda, but it’s hard to make good propaganda when you’re bombing the Islamic State every day. As you watch the cycle of fear take another turn after the next attack, which will inevitably come, remember that, in this 15-year war on terror, we have so far essentially danced to their tune. Mark Danner is James Clarke Chace Professor of Foreign Affairs and the Humanities at Bard and an award-winning journalist who has covered conflicts in the Balkans, Latin America, Haiti, and the Middle East. Named a MacArthur Fellow in 1999, he is a frequent contributor to the New York Review of Books and author of Stripping Bare the Body: Politics, Violence, War; The Secret Way to War; Torture and Truth: America, Abu Ghraib, and the War on Terror; The Massacre at El Mozote; and the forthcoming Spiral: Trapped in the Forever War. the management of savagery 19

On and Off Campus Simon’s Rock Appoints New Provost Ian Bickford, a 1995 graduate of Simon’s Rock, has been named provost of Bard College at Simon’s Rock: The Early College, Bard President Leon Botstein announced. Bickford began his term in January, succeeding Peter Laipson, Emily H. Fisher Research Fellow of Bard College. Bickford is a scholar of early modern literature and one of three siblings who graduated from Simon’s Rock. He began his work with Bard in 2007 as a member of the faculty, first at Simon’s Rock, and then at the Bard High School Early College in Queens, New York. He has since participated in the founding of Bard early college programs in Baltimore and Harlem. Bickford served as the first dean of Bard Academy at Simon’s Rock, a two-year high-school program preparing ninth- and 10th-graders for early college, and as dean of the Bard Early Colleges. “As we enter a period of invention and new directions, it is fitting that the next provost of Simon’s Rock is the first alumnus of the college to serve in that role, as well as a leader in the national early college movement,” says Stuart Breslow, chair of the Simon’s Rock Board of Overseers and a Bard trustee. Says Bickford, “The education at Simon’s Rock is unparalleled. As we pivot to the next 50 years, I think we’ll find that the educational vision we have created and tended here has also taken root in the world beyond our campus. I could not be more pleased or proud to have a part in such an exciting new moment.” Ian Bickford. photo Dan Karp

Levy Institute Workshop and Annual Minsky Conference A workshop on “Gender and Macroeconomics: Current State of Research and Future Directions,” organized by the Levy Economics Institute of Bard College with the generous support of The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, was held in New York City March 9–11, with the goal of advancing the current framework that integrates gender and unpaid work into macroeconomic analysis and enables the development of gender-aware and equitable economic policies. More than 40 economists, researchers, and statisticians attended, including IDRC Senior Program Specialist Madiha Ahmed; Radhika Balakrishnan, professor and faculty director, Center for Women’s Global Leadership, Rutgers University; Senior Economic Affairs Officer Elissa Braunstein, UNCTAD; Program Officer Helena Choi, Hewlett Foundation; Valeria Esquivel, research coordinator on gender and development, UNRISD; Levy Institute Senior Scholar Nancy Folbre, director, Program on Gender and Care Work, Political Economy Research Institute, University of Massachusetts Amherst; Alicia Girón, professor and researcher, Institute for Economic Research, National University of Mexico; Caren Grown, senior director, Gender Group, World Bank; Lisa Kolovich, economist, International Monetary Fund; Jan Kregel, director of research, Levy Institute, and professor of development finance, Tallinn University of Technology; Ruth Levine, director, Global Development and Population Program, Hewlett Foundation; Thomas Masterson, research scholar and director of applied micromodeling, Levy Institute; IFPRI Senior Research Fellow Siwa Msangi; Lindsey Reichlin, program manager, Institute for Women’s Policy Research; Levy Institute Research Associate Pavlina R. Tcherneva, associate professor of economics and director, Economics and Finance Program, Bard College; Maureen Were, research manager, Central Bank of Kenya; and Ajit Zacharias, senior scholar and program director, Levy Institute. The Levy Institute’s 25th Annual Hyman P. Minsky Conference, “Will the Global Economic Environment Constrain US Growth and Employment?,” was held at Blithewood, on the Bard College campus, on April 12 and 13. This year’s conference, which was organized with support from the Ford Foundation,

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addressed whether the global economic slowdown will jeopardize the implementation and efficiency of Dodd-Frank regulatory reforms, the transition of monetary policy away from zero interest rates, the “new” normal of fiscal policy, and the use of fiscal policies aimed at achieving sustainable growth and full employment, among other issues. Speakers included former U.S. Representative Barney Frank (D-Mass.); European Central Bank Vice President Vítor Constâncio; Richard Berner, director, Office of Financial Research, U.S. Department of the Treasury; Henry Kaufman, president, Henry Kaufman & Company, Inc.; Bruce C. N. Greenwald, Robert Heilbrunn Professor of Finance and Asset Management, Columbia University; Lakshman Achuthan, cofounder and chief operations officer, Economic Cycle Research Institute; Levy Institute President Dimitri B. Papadimitriou; Jan Kregel; journalist Izabella Kaminska, Financial Times; Michael Masters, founder and chairman of the board, Better Markets; L. Randall Wray, senior scholar, Levy Institute, and professor of economics, Bard College; Robert J. Barbera, codirector, Center for Financial Economics, The Johns Hopkins University; Loukas Tsoukalis, Pierre Keller Visiting Professor, Harvard University; Morgan Stanley Managing Director Martin L. Leibowitz; Fernando J. Cardim de Carvalho, senior scholar, Levy Institute, and emeritus professor of economics, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro; Robert A. Johnson, president, Institute for New Economic Thinking, and senior fellow and director, Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt Institute; Eduardo Porter, columnist, New York Times; Edward Kane, professor of finance, Boston College; Levy Institute Research Associate Stephanie A. Kelton, chief economist, U.S. Senate Budget Committee, and professor, University of Missouri–Kansas City; New York Times reporter Peter Eavis; Albert M. Wojnilower, economic consultant, Craig Drill Capital; Levy Institute Research Scholar Michalis Nikiforos; Walker F. Todd, trustee, American Institute for Economic Research; Frank Veneroso, president, Veneroso Associates, LLC; Thorvald Grung Mae, Levy Institute research associate and special adviser, Financial Stability Department, Norges Bank; Scott Fullwiler, professor of economics and James A. Leach Chair in Banking and Monetary Economics, Wartburg College; Mario Tonveronachi, professor of the economics of financial systems, University of Siena; Theo Francis, special writer, The Wall Street Journal; and Jesse Eisinger, senior reporter, ProPublica.

Waise Azimi ’05: Afghan Star and “Singing Culture” “Everyone in this country loves to sing. It’s a singing culture,” asserts Waise Azimi ’05 of the Kabul-based hit Afghan Star, where he is a coproducer. While the show is comparable to The Voice in the United States (both programs showcase emerging talent, rely on voter participation to determine the front-runners, and offer recording opportunities for winners), Afghan Star goes further—simply by existing in a country where art and entertainment were once publicly banned. Azimi, who holds dual citizenship in Afghanistan and the United States, was looking for production opportunities in Kabul in 2014 at the same time that the Tolo TV network was seeking someone to handle external client matters for its special projects department. The job is a natural fit for Azimi who, despite his bachelor’s degree in sociology, is passionate about film. (His first experience in the medium came in 2003, when he produced and directed a short documentary in Afghanistan.) Azimi’s time at the program has been as challenging as it has been rewarding; for the 10th season, preproduction began in the summer of 2014, production started that fall, and by spring, the Afghan Star team had produced more than 35 one-hour episodes. Like most behind-the-scenes TV toilers, Azimi and his colleagues work long hours to produce a high-quality show. However, they also face the unique challenges of living and working in a developing nation struggling with domestic unrest and conflict. Azimi is a citizen of the world. He was born in Washington, D.C., to Afghan parents, and has spent time in Egypt studying at the American University in Cairo, as well as in the Philippines, Kabul, and at Bard. Azimi, who maintains pride in his cultural roots, is enthusiastic about his participation in helping to revitalize the country’s musical traditions in a show whose young hopefuls “represent the best of what Afghanistan has to offer.” Each season, he says, “creates new stars, new people for young men and women to model themselves after.” In a country no stranger to interethnic tension, Afghan Star strives for diverse representation in a country composed of Pashtuns, Hazaras, and Uzbeks, among others. Asked whether a Pashtun judge will vote for a Hazara performing on the show, and vice versa, Azimi says that Afghan Star produces role models from all ethnic groups and that the show expands viewers’ knowledge of musical traditions from different regions. Although the program has not erased cross-ethnic rivalry, Azimi is confident that the show’s winners are those who “capture the imagination of the country”; they don’t simply garner support from their own ethnic or regional community. Women remain underrepresented on the show, despite recruitment efforts and the fact that the network’s website prominently features female performers. Although the staff visits Afghanistan’s major cities, including Kabul, Kandahar, and Mazar-e-Sharif, very few women audition because of cultural and familial pressure, as well as taboos on female public performance. “Women here love to sing just as much as men,” Azimi states. Afghan Star espouses no official dress code, but in keeping with the country’s Muslim culture, women must cover their hair and dress modestly so the network does not come under censure. In the actual performances, Azimi and his colleagues have pushed successfully for variety regarding the kinds of songs that can be performed; previously, candidates chose songs, from a prescreened list, centered around a weekly theme. As for Islamist backlash, Azimi acknowledges “a generational gap between our viewers and the rest of the country. People who watch the program are in their teens through 30s; the program is more of a curiosity for older viewers. Of course, you’ve had conservatives speak out against the program, saying it is teaching ‘bad morals to young people’; that it’s not in keeping with the Islamic character of the country.” However, he emphasizes, “This is one of the more widely accepted programs in Afghanistan. As long as Tolo TV is around, Afghan Star will be around.”

Waise Azimi ’05

While contestants are on the show, they are provided with safe housing, though the network does not restrict their movement. The studio, a fortified compound, is extremely secure. Visitors are carefully screened, and Tolo TV maintains a staff of armed guards due to safety concerns regarding the Taliban. Despite the need for precautions, Azimi “feels very secure” on set. Contestants’ musical training varies. One recent finalist benefited from lessons and coaches, while another, who hailed from a remote northern village, had no formal music education. Singers’ preferences for traditional or modern music, Azimi says, vary from contestant to contestant, but to win the program, they must broaden their fan base. If singers solely perform classic music, they will be less successful than those who reach outside their comfort zone and embrace versatility. The show’s judges, performers themselves, largely lived outside the country during the Taliban’s regime. Afghanistan remains one of the poorest countries in the world, which means less opportunity for talented musicians in their post-Star lives. The best option for promising musicians is to perform at weddings, where Afghans spend exorbitant sums to display their families’ wealth and prestige. Despite Afghanistan’s socially prescribed, rigid gender roles, it is customary for women to perform at weddings. When asked about the show’s availability, Azimi acknowledges that electricity is an issue in Kabul, which has frequent blackouts. However, the show is broadcast on radio as well as television. Viewers vote via cell phone; virtually everyone in the country has one. The show, broadcast in Dari, one of Afghanistan’s two official languages, is shown worldwide. To many outside the country, Afghanistan remains remote and inaccessible. Yet despite the significant obstacles of living in a culturally conservative country that suffers from poverty and gender inequality, Afghan Star contestants show a new generation of people, both center stage and playing vital roles behind the scenes, unwilling to back down in the face of opposition and intent on taking their nation’s “singing culture” into the 21st century. Although the performers are the most visible representation of change, the role Azimi and his coworkers play in creating a quality program in sometimes-hostile conditions cannot be overstated. When asked how his Bard experience influenced his current path, Azimi states, “Bard attracts adventurers. Since I’ve graduated I’ve seen many of my friends and colleagues go on to achieve great success in a bewildering array of career fields. Maybe that swashbuckling spirit at Bard has encouraged us to take roads and careers less traveled—or expected.” —Carrie Stanziola ’05 Stanziola received her B.A. in literature and writes about human rights, culture, and feminism.

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Awards and Recognition Bard Faculty Receive Honors Myra Young Armstead, Lyford Paterson Edwards and Helen Gray Edwards Professor of Historical Studies, has been awarded a $45,000 grant from the Louisville Institute. The Bridging the Hidden Class Divide grant supports research into multicultural churches. Professor of Political Studies Sanjib Baruah has been named a Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO) Global Fellow for 2016. Fellows demonstrate a commitment to research on peace and conflict. President Leon Botstein was honored with a 2015 Lifetime Achievement Award from the Yivo Institute for Jewish Research at its 90th anniversary gala in New York. Students in the Bard College Conservatory of Music’s Graduate Vocal Arts Program performed music from the Jewish Tin Pan Alley for the event. Omar Cheta, assistant professor of Middle Eastern and historical studies, received a National Endowment for the Humanities summer stipend award in support of his book project on empire, law, and capitalism in the modern Middle East. Playwright in Residence Jorge Ignacio Cortiñas holds the Anschutz Distinguished Fellowship in American Studies at Princeton University this spring. Assistant Professor of Classics Lauren Curtis, along with Naomi Weiss, assistant professor of classics at Harvard University, has been awarded a grant of $18,000 by the Radcliffe Institute of Advanced Study to organize a conference on “Music and Memory in the Ancient Mediterranean” in June 2017. Visiting Professor of Studio Arts Ellen Driscoll was a 2015 fellow at the Siena Art Institute in Italy, where she explored the ecological forces at play in Siena through a series of drawings and mixed media work. Jack Ferver, visiting artist in theater and performance, and David Levine, visiting artist in residence, have won prestigious 2016 Foundation for Contemporary Arts (FCA) grants in performance art/ theater. MFA writing faculty member Renee Gladman won a 2016 FCA grant in poetry, while MFA photography faculty member David Hartt won a 2015 FCA grant in visual arts. Olivier Giovannoni, assistant professor of economics, received a $62,430 grant from the Institute for New Economic Thinking to support his research project Inequality, Instability, and the Household Balance Sheet Channel. Robert Kelly, Asher B. Edelman Professor of Literature, has been named the first poet laureate of Dutchess County, New York. Sherri Burt Hennessey Artist in Residence Medrie MacPhee was a recipient of the 2015 Invitational Exhibit and Purchase Award from the American Academy of Arts and Letters, America’s most prestigious honorary society of architects, artists, writers, and composers. Sean McMeekin, professor of historical and political studies, received the 2015 Arthur Goodzeit Book Award from the New York Military Affairs Symposium for The Ottoman Endgame: War Revolution and the Making of the Modern Middle East, 1908–1923. Distinguished Writer in Residence Francine Prose was inducted into the New York State Writers Hall of Fame in 2015. Artists in residence in the Film and Electronic Arts Program Kelly Reichardt and So Yong Kim both premiered films at the 2016 Sundance Film Festival in January. Reichardt’s film, Certain Women, explores the lives of three women in small-town America. Kim’s film, Lovesong, strips down the relationship between two friends as they take an impromptu road trip. Susan Fox Rogers, visiting associate professor of writing, received a month-long Playa Residency. Playa is a retreat allowing selected creative individuals to spend time in a remote location in eastern Oregon. Studio Arts Program faculty and artists in residence Lisa Sanditz and Julianne Swartz MFA ’03 were recipients of 2015 Anonymous Was a Woman awards. Nominated anonymously, 10 female artists receive $10,000 grants. Drew Thompson, assistant professor of Africana and historical studies, has been awarded a Woodrow Wilson National Fellowship Foundation Career Enhancement Fellowship for Junior Faculty for 2016–17. The preeminent grant will enable him to work on his book about visual history. Assistant Professor of Russian Olga Voronina has received a grant from the Children’s Literature Association in support of her upcoming book, The Companion to Soviet Children’s Literature and Film, to be published by Brill. 22 on and off campus

Bringing Theory to Practice Project Awards Bard $10,000 Grant A $10,000 research grant has come to Bard from Bringing Theory to Practice to fund “Strengthening Diversity in STEM Graduates by Promoting, Mentoring, and Facilitating Noncognitive Elements of Well-Being.” The funding will support the development of a peer- and professional-mentoring program to increase the number of underrepresented students in STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) by addressing whole-person development and quality of life. State DEC Supports Saw Kill Watershed The New York State Department of Environmental Conservation has granted Bard $44,779 in 2015 Hudson River Estuary Grants for Local Stewardship Planning to support “Science-Based Community Stewardship of the Saw Kill Watershed.” The project, led by M. Elias Dueker, assistant professor of environmental and urban studies, supports the science-based community group as a step in the development of a management plan for the Saw Kill, a tributary of the Hudson River Estuary. Bard’s Arts Get Boost Bard received grants from the National Endowment for the Arts for three 2016 programs: $45,000 for SummerScape; $15,000 for the Bard Music Festival; and $10,000 for the journal Conjunctions. The Fisher Center’s Live Arts Bard (LAB) initiative received a $10,000 grant from the Morningstar Foundation to support the performance of Bard students in choreographer Sarah Michelson’s tournamento at the Walker Art Center in Minneapolis. And the Goethe-Institut awarded $32,000 to the Fisher Center for the upcoming LAB project “We’ve Got Your Number: Surveillance and the Citizen,” an exhibition of installations and performance art that explores surveillance and technology. Support for Bard Early Colleges Bard High School Early College (BHSEC) Baltimore received a $250,000 grant from the Foundation to Promote Open Society and was awarded $100,000 from the Annie E. Casey Foundation. This funding supports the costs of opening and operating BHSEC Baltimore, that city’s first early college campus. BHSEC Manhattan and BHSEC Queens received $12,800 from the New York State Higher Education Services Corporation, which provides low-income students an opportunity to visit colleges and universities outside New York City as preparation for higher education. The New York City campuses were also awarded a $5,000 grant from the Iroquois Foundation, while the Historical Society of the New York Courts awarded BHSEC $3,000 to create middle school teaching materials on the landmark 1852 Lemmon slave case. Bard Early College in New Orleans (BECNO) received more than $45,000 from the Baptist Community Ministries, Ruth U. Fertel Foundation, and the Patrick F. Taylor Foundation, to support 11th- and 12th-graders from public schools across New Orleans who spend half of every school day as undergraduates of Bard College. CCS Receives Support for Visible Storage Bard College received a $500,000 grant from New York State’s Higher Education Capital Matching Grant Program to support the renovation of the Center for Curatorial Studies at Bard College (CCS Bard). The grant was among 29 grants totaling $35.3 million statewide announced by Governor Andrew M. Cuomo. The program requires grantees to match approximately three dollars for every dollar provided by New York State. CCS Bard and the Hessel Museum of Art are expanding its facility to create a new Visible Collections Storage and Living Archive, where work from its contemporary art collection can be placed on permanent public view. Redesigned classroom, study, and meeting spaces, as well as two site-specific artworks—a wall drawing by Sol Lewitt and installation by Liam Gillick—will be part of the renovations.

Alumni/ae and Student Accomplishments Director and dramaturge Mallory Catlett ’92 won a 2015 Foundation for Contemporary Arts (FCA) grant in performance art/theater; musician, artist, and curator Zach Layton MFA ’14 won a 2015 FCA grant in music/sound; and visual and performing artist Xaviera Simmons ’04 won a 2015 FCA grant in visual arts. Gaby Hoffmann ’04 and the cast of Transparent were nominated for a 2016 Golden Globe Award for Best TV Series: Musical or Comedy, which it won in 2015. Lola Kirke ’12 and fellow cast members of Mozart in the Jungle won the 2016 Golden Globe Award for Best TV Series: Musical or Comedy. Also involved in the series are Margaret Ladd ’64 and Peri Mauer ’76. Ashley Jones ’19 and biology major Quanita Kendrick ’17 each received a Benjamin A. Gilman International Scholarship to study abroad this spring. Jones and Kendrick are participating in the month-long immersive study-abroad program in Oaxaca, Mexico, that is the culmination of Bard’s Basic Intensive Spanish course. As You Are, a debut film by Miles Joris-Peyrafitte ’14, won the U.S Dramatic Special Jury Award at the 2016 Sundance Film Festival. Set in the early 1990s, the film is based on a short film he made at Bard and examines the lives of three teenage friends. Sociology major Antoinette Kane ’16 was honored with the 2015 New Yorkers for Children (NYFC) Spirit Award at its annual gala. The NYFC Spirit Award is a $10,000 scholarship awarded to a young person in foster care who is succeeding in college and has demonstrated outstanding leadership skills, a commitment to community, and determination to succeed academically. Bard Prison Initiative founder and Director Max Kenner ’01 was named in the Chronicle of Philanthropy as one of its “40 Under 40.” INAATE/SE, a film by Ojibway brothers Adam Khalil ’11 and Zack Khalil ’14, received its world premiere at the MoMA Doc Fortnight 2016. Jennifer Montgomery MFA ’94 won a 2015 Anonymous Was a Woman award. Photographer Jenny Riffle ’01 won the 2015 Pilkington Prize, a new annual photography competition launched by British photographer and curator Stuart Pilkington. The inaugural competition

encouraged photographers shoot a landscape within 100 miles of their home. Layli Long Soldier MFA ’14 won a 2015 Lannan Literary Fellowship in Poetry. The fellows are both established and emerging writers whose work is of exceptional quality. Red Hook Central School District science teacher Amanda Stoddard MAT ’08 has been named a master teacher by New York Governor Andrew Cuomo. These outstanding teachers are recognized for their dedication to providing innovative STEM education to their students, commitment to professional growth, and enthusiasm for sharing their successful practices with colleagues.

Projecting Peace through Davis Prize

Lighting the Way

Julia Tinneny ’18 has been awarded a 2016 Davis Projects for Peace Prize. The prize will enable her to return to Senegal this coming summer, where she plans to continue work on a grassroots effort to promote economic empowerment for women. Before entering Bard, Julia spent eight months living in Senegal as a Global Citizen Year Fellow and worked in a health post while beginning the foundations of her current project. Tinneny is focusing on global and international studies at Bard, and has been concentrating on economic Julia Tinneny ’18 development and gender studies within this area of study. Tinneny’s project focuses on artisanal education and skill building for poor women living in the rural communities in and around Sandiara, enabling them to become economically independent and to avoid domestic servitude or marriage far from their home village. The $10,000 Davis prize will support a twoyear course that offers training for women in tailoring, artisanal skills, and sellable goods. Tinneny, in accepting the prize, recognized the team in Senegal that has been working on the development of this course, especially Marie Ndiaye, her host mother, and her host father, Francois Ndiaye, who recently died suddenly. “This project would never have been possible without the drive, creativity, dedication, and support of Mama and Papa Ndiaye,” Tinneny said.

Thanks to the Class of 2014, permanent lighting fixtures are gracing walkways around Ward Manor Gatehouse and up to the Gabrielle H. Reem and Herbert J. Kayden Center for Science and Computation (RKC). “Although a paved, lighted path exists on the east side of the gatehouse, most of the students would take a shortcut through the gatehouse parking lot” from Cruger Island Road or the Resnick Commons residence halls, says Robert Laity, assistant director of the Bard College Fund, who was Senior Class Council adviser, along with Dean of Students Bethany Nohlgren, for the Class of 2014. “This area was in the dark, and would benefit from lighting. After discussions with administration and Buildings and Grounds, it was determined that a series of lampposts could be placed there.” Fortunately, because Buildings and Grounds managed to bring the Manor Gatehouse lighting project in under budget, the installation of energysaving LED lighting on the path behind RKC became possible. “We wanted to add lights to increase feelings of safety for students who were walking at night,” says Emily Harris ’14, one of the Class of 2014 representatives. “These areas are routes that students take regularly to get to residential halls and study spaces such as RKC, and we wanted to ensure that students would be comfortable walking alone at night.” Director of Buildings and Grounds Randy Clum; Preston Moore, electrical, telecommunications, and fire safety manager; and Dan Smith, energy efficiency coordinator, were key in the design and installation of the new lights and completed the lighting projects through the funds raised by the Class of 2014 from students, alumni/ae, friends, and parents.

Actress Lola Kirke ’12 visited campus for a screening of her recent film Mistress America (2015), in which she stars as a lonely first-year college student in New York. The event, sponsored by the Office of Alumni/ae Affairs, Dean of Students Office, and Center for Moving Image Arts, was followed by a Q&A reception with Kirke. photo Pete Mauney ’93, MFA ’00

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Alumni/ae Connected: Bardian Self-Starters Several years after graduation, five individual entrepreneurs found themselves working together and supporting one another in ways that they had never expected before they launched their own businesses. Here is an example of how a group of Bardians became greater than the sum of its parts. In 2015, Mark Ransom Day ’07, who had majored in art history, began his own venture amid a career working for public relations, marketing, and advertising agencies in New York City. Recognizing the waning effectiveness of traditional advertising and PR, Day launched Forge on Hudson, an integrated communications firm that works with clients to create influence by creating content—through words, moving image, or experience of a product, service, or an idea. “I started to think about the relationship between my major at Bard and current work. Art history is the study of perception over time, and marketing is the management of perception over time,” he says. “People no longer fit into a mold defined by focus groups and marketers. They find each other and form groups, identities based on commonalities. Individuals, as opposed to brands, have power.” Forge on Hudson offers its clients a menu of services: triage (management of immediate needs), strategy (thoughtful planning), artifacts (creation of content), and distribution (outreach through media channels). In designing a logo for his startup, Day called on classmate Anja Savic ’07, who had also started her own business: The Letterist, a boutique design, lettering, and illustration studio in Lusaka, Zambia. After graduation, Savic, a literature major who had immersed herself in Don Quixote and 15th-century European literature, moved to Belgrade to pursue her own writing, then took a master’s degree in humanities and cultural studies from the London Consortium. Blogging and copywriting led to advertising. “I was fascinated by consumer behavior, thinking up material that was not only written but visual, interactive,” says Savic, who eventually ran the Zambian office of the renowned advertising agency Saatchi&Saatchi. “It was nice to enjoy allexpenses-paid travel, to see work I had created on huge billboards,” says Savic. “Over time, however, that lost its allure. I had traded in my world of Proust for one of Powerpoint and purchase orders.” So she quit, and took courses in graphic design at Parsons School of Design in New York City. Realizing that people were willing to pay for her handwritten designs, she returned to Zambia and within a month had set up her own business. The Letterist creates fine stationery as well as custom work for clients worldwide—a logo for a bakery, a brush-lettered Latin quote, a wedding invitation in three languages. “I am more fulfilled than I’ve ever been,” she says. “I’m back to what I became at Bard; as my Bard friends joke, I’m a ‘man of letters.’” Fascinated by book design, Savic still owns every book she read at Bard, including at least a dozen editions of Don Quixote. Savic found herself connecting with other Bardian entrepreneurs: Christine Gasparich ’08 in Boston and Julia Carrozzini ’08 in Istanbul, who was collaborating with Jeffrey Ozawa ’09 in Los Angeles—all of whom had also transformed their creative passions into businesses. “Whether sharing start-up experiences or sending business to one another and opening up networks, these relationships have prove to be incredibly meaningful,” says Savic. 24 on and off campus

Mark Ransom Day ’07 photo Geoffrey Paracka

Anja Savic ’07

Christine Gasparich ’08 photo Caty Smith

Julie Carrozzini ’08

Jeffrey Ozawa ’09 photo Jaimie Lewis

Gasparich, a sociology major, bought and redecorated a house in Washington, D.C., with her husband, John Hambley ’06, in 2012. They hosted a Bard alumni/ae event at which a guest inquired who their decorator was and, finding out Gasparich had done the work herself, asked if she would work with her house. “It had never occurred to me that someone might be willing to pay me for decorating,” says Gasparich. “I realized that I could have a career that also serves as a creative outlet.” Several months later, she left her nonprofit job to pursue interior design. After spending a year assisting a seasoned designer, Gasparich launched Christine Alice Interiors, her own one-person bespoke interior-design firm. “One of my greatest joys is hearing from clients that they’re enjoying their newly transformed spaces,” says Gasparich. Art history major Carrozzini worked in the New York art and fashion PR worlds after graduation. Ready for a new challenge, she looked toward Turkey, her mother’s birthplace. She and business partner Zeynep Yildirim launched Juice Kitchen, the first cold-press juice brand in Turkey. Based in Istanbul, the company delivers juice all around the city of 14 million. “Despite the current political uprisings, the Turkish government encourages entrepreneurship,” says Carrozzini. “The government offers tax relief for companies that employ women, and at Juice Kitchen we are in fact a ‘girl gang,’ with four employees: all women, all ages.” Juice Kitchen hopes to expand, with an eye to Kuwait, Qatar, the U.A.E., and Nigeria. Carrozzini hopes to make fresh juices accessible to a wider population, but entrepreneurship comes with challenges, especially fear of failure. “Fear puts you exactly where you should be,” she says. “If things don’t go the way you expected, you have to be ready to fine-tune and reinvent.” Spanish major Ozawa was visiting family in Japan when his entrepreneurial idea dawned. He bought a boxed lunch and was struck by the beauty of this simple convenience. “I had a vision of the most beautiful bento. I moved to Los Angeles to chase that idea,” he says. His company, Gorumando, is a boutique catering service featuring Japanese boxed lunches made with excellent ingredients. “The working lunch is an American tradition, but I think the standards have plummeted recently, or maybe they were never all that good,” he says. “A lot of my friends complain how bad their lunch options are where they work.” Ozawa describes a typical day: buying fish from New Zealanders by LAX, negotiating with Japanese businessmen downtown, fielding emails about dietary restrictions, calling on friends at their farm in Ventura. “It’s a constant ballet and incredibly exhausting, but the work has a sense of humor,” he says. Day and Savic envision a vibrant network of alumni/ae who, like themselves and Ozawa, Gasparich, and Carrozzini, have built or are thinking about building their own businesses. “We started looking at this global network of people who are working together—cooperating as if we were still on campus,” says Day. Savic adds, “We spent the most formative years of our lives sharing ideas on the most complex texts and theories. Why wouldn’t we continue to do this in a way that benefits all of our businesses and ventures?” Alumni/ae interested in connecting professionally should contact the Career Connections Committee of the Bard College Alumni/ae Association Board of Governors at

Explorations at the Arendt Center

Bard College Berlin Steps Up

Lessons from Ebola A one-day conference, “Learning from the West African Ebola Epidemic: The Role of Governance in Preventing Epidemics,” took place March 31 at the Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs in New York City. Experts examined the essential ingredients for fighting health crises, using the Ebola outbreak as a case study to explore how educational, governance, and healthcare resources can be better deployed. The discussion was grounded in the Global Health Security Agenda, which seeks to accelerate progress toward a world safe from infectious disease through threat detection; epidemic prevention; and rapid, effective response. The conference was sponsored by the Hannah Arendt Center for Politics and Humanities at Bard College, Citizen Science, Bard Center for Civic Engagement, Brenthurst Foundation, and Ford Foundation in collaboration with the Hon. Wilmot James, South African MP, and the Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs.

One hotbed of social action in the Bard Network is a new proposal, Program in International Education and Social Change, at Bard College Berlin (BCB). It builds on Bard’s longstanding Program in International Education (see page 14), and speaks directly to refugee crises in various locations by enrolling students from Syria, Greece, Ukraine, and the Roma community. Bard College Berlin is at the European center of debates about the refugee crisis and is an ideal place for refugee students because the student body is small and very international (140 students from 41 countries), is not as far away for these students as the United States, and offers a liberal arts education, culminating in a Bard B.A. degree. As part of the Program for International Education and Social Change, BCB will provide three full scholarships for Syrian students. The donors are Bard College Trustee Roland Augustine and Allegra Pesenti, Berlin gallery owner Max Hetzler, and film producer Mark Gordon. A group of BCB students participated in a project offering weekend childcare, in cooperation with a local kindergarten, to families living in a refugee center close to the BCB campus. Also at BCB was a panel discussion, “Refugees and the City of Berlin: Activist and Local Government Perspectives,” with Emily Dische-Becker ’04, a documentary filmmaker who has been working with Syrian refugees, and Irina Kalinka ’12, a Green Party representative dedicated to resettling refugees in the district of Fläming. Academic pursuits at BCB also take the refugee crisis into account. They include visiting faculty member Jeffrey Champlin leading a tour of Berlin neighborhoods that have hosted immigrants from Turkey, Lebanon, Syria, and elsewhere. A new bimonthly salon series, Open Campus Against Closed Borders, aims to welcome refugees, migrants, and asylum seekers who are interested in the resources and community that a university has to offer, but who lack the status and means to enroll in in higher education. The sessions focus on discussion topics that student and refugee participants find relevant.

Conference on Literary Improvisation Improvisation is often understood as acts created on the spur of the moment. Many artists and thinkers, however, disagree with this notion. While artistic improvisation is free, it is also guided by a hidden logic. A February 15 conference, “A Taste for Chaos: The Hidden Order in the Art of Improvisation,” brought together leading intellectuals and musicians to explore the nature of improvisation and freedom in the arts. Randy Fertel, president of the Fertel Foundation and cofounder, with the Nation Institute, of the Ridenhour Prizes for Courageous Truth-Telling, opened the evening with a talk and Q&A session. George E. Lewis, Edwin H. Case Professor of American Music at Columbia University and fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, also spoke. Renowned saxophonist, composer, painter, and poet Oliver Lake played with the Bard Contemporary Jazz Composers Ensemble. The free event, in the László Z. Bitó ’60 Conservatory Building, concluded with remarks from all three participants and a reception. The Hannah Arendt Center, Music Program, Bard College Conservatory of Music, Office of Development and Alumni/ae Affairs, and Language and Literature Program hosted the conference.

Bard CEP’s Power Dialog Bard Hosts Second Annual Model UN The classrooms of the Olin Humanities Building were abuzz when the Bard College Model United Nations Initiative (BMUNI) hosted the second annual Bard Model United Nations Conference (BardMUNC), in which more than 200 high school students took part. Model UN teams from Red Hook, Rhinebeck, and Germantown, New York, high schools, as well as the Bard High School Early Colleges in Queens and Manhattan, gathered to debate late last fall. Guest speaker Mark Danner, James Clarke Chace Professor of Foreign Affairs and the Humanities, spoke on the war on terror during the opening ceremony. The conference then broke up into four committees: the United Nations Human Rights Council on journalists’ freedoms; European Union on the migration crisis; and two crisis committees on the Japanese Manchuoko (the puppet state created by the Japanese in Manchuria, China, in 1932)—one committee representing Japan’s Kwantung Army cabinet and one representing the Tokyo cabinet. Throughout, high school students explored their ideas on international affairs and came away with substantive mock resolutions on foreign policy issues. BMUNI works closely with students at local high schools and strives to support a multitude of Model UN teams in the region. The Bard group aspires to increase knowledge regarding the international community and to aid in the development of academic and social skills of participating youth. For more information, visit

During the week of April 4, the Bard Center for Environmental Policy (Bard CEP) spearheaded the Power Dialog, a national initiative to engage 10,000 students in face-to-face meetings with state-level regulators in all 50 states. President Barack Obama made a commitment at the Paris climate summit on behalf of the United States to reduce emissions by at least 30 percent by 2030. However, under the Clean Power Plan, each state is required to come up with a plan to meet the global warming pollution targets set by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, and state agencies will determine if that commitment is met. During the Power Dialog week, state officials welcomed students and young people who offered fresh perspectives on ways to combat climate change, based on the fact that they will experience the long-term impacts of today’s policy decisions. “Your ideas, your voices, your vision can change the future,” Eban Goodstein, director of the National Power Dialog and Bard CEP, told students. Hundreds of faculty took classes on coordinated field trips to their state capitols. Students from environmental studies, economics, politics, and sociology classes participated nationwide. Each school nominated one student delegate to represent the school at the state level. At each state’s Power Dialog meeting, 15 student representatives were on stage with the state officials in charge of implementation of the Clean Power Plan. After introductions by university presidents, students and state officials gave presentations and engaged in lengthy Q&A sessions. The Power Dialog was preceded by the development of curricular materials to prepare students for the conversation, webinars, and participatory student panels and discussions on climate solutions. on and off campus 25

LAB and Fisher Center Jazz It Up This spring, Live Arts Bard (LAB) presents May Day Dances: Faye Driscoll and John Jasperse, a pair of new dance performances, featuring two of New York City’s most inventive choreographers, from April 29 to May 1 in the LUMA Theater at Bard’s Fisher Center for the Performing Arts. Driscoll’s acclaimed work, Thank You for Coming: Attendance, imagines a fantastical society in which performance is both a collective and political act, blurring the distinction between audience and performers. Jasperse’s Bessie Award–winning Within between is a playful and complex dance that explores emptiness and in-between places.

Recent jazz events at the Fisher Center copresented by Catskill Jazz Factory included pianists Tanya Gabrielian, Chris Pattishall, and André Mehmari taking a double piano musical journey into the history of improvisation. The concert—from ragtime to choro—featured variations on works by Bach, Scarlatti, and Schubert, and selections from the Great American Songbook in LUMA Theater on March 19. In Sosnoff Theater on April 16, UHADI, masters of Johannesburg’s jazz scene, laid down the irresistible grooves of South African jazz that inspired Paul Simon’s Graceland. Also in Sosnoff, on April 1, audiences were treated to verbal wordplay between two witty cultural critics: legendary writer Fran Lebowitz and well-known author Daniel Mendelsohn, Charles Ranlett Flint Professor of Humanities.

– N’s Opening Season TO

Nathaniel Sullivan ’17 (left) and Adanya Dunn ’16 in Higglety Pigglety Pop! photo Karl Rabe

Conservatory Notes Magic and a Dog This spring, a family-friendly opera double bill brightened the Sosnoff Theater stage. Students and faculty of the Bard College Conservatory of Music Graduate Vocal Arts Program (VAP) performed a one-act adaptation of Mozart’s The Magic Flute and the New York premiere of Higglety Pigglety Pop! by Oliver Knussen. Based on Maurice Sendak’s beloved children’s book, Higglety Pigglety Pop! follows the adventures of Jennie, a Sealyham terrier, who leaves home to find the meaning of life and becomes the leading lady at the World Mother Goose Theatre. The Magic Flute Redux is a reworking of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s classic tale of a young prince, who, lost in a world of magical creatures and enchanted musical instruments, is sent on a mission to rescue an imprisoned princess. All proceeds from the event benefited the Conservatory Scholarship Fund. Other Spring Events Music Alive! showcased faculty, students, and alumni/ae performing a selection of contemporary music curated by Joan Tower, Asher B. Edelman Professor in the Arts, and Blair McMillen, artist in residence, in the László Z. Bitó ’60 Conservatory Building. The faculty/student chamber concert in April featured a special performance of Jonathan Leshnoff’s 2013 composition, Radiance, in memory of Christina Tarsell ’09. On May 8, at the Fisher Center, Conservatory Sundays presents Mahler’s Symphony No. 6 and Alban Berg’s Seven Early Songs in a side-by-side performance of the Conservatory Orchestra and The Orchestra Now with Leon Botstein, music director, conducting.

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Bard’s innovative training orchestra and master’s degree program, The – Orchestra Now (TON), has launched its first semester and inaugural season – with 38 young musicians. TON’s public debut was a free concert at Bard College at Simon’s Rock: The Early College in October. Since then, the orchestra has performed several successful concerts at The Richard B. Fisher Center for the Performing Arts at Bard College, with another on April 23 and 24. A series of – free concerts around the boroughs of New York City features TON playing under the batons of James Bagwell, associate conductor and academic director, as well as Marcelo Lehninger, Gerard Schwarz, and JoAnn Falletta. With its Carnegie Hall debut of Beethoven’s Fifth Symphony, led by Music Director Leon – Botstein, under its belt, TON will perform again at the famed venue on May 13 in a concert titled “The Unfinished,” in conjunction with an art exhibition at the Met Breuer. On May 22, the orchestra continues its concert series, Sight and Sound, at the Metropolitan Museum of Art on Fifth Avenue: “Mendelssohn, Turner, and Romantic Imagination.” During these concerts, which explore artistic expression in music and the visual arts, Botstein converses with the audience about works of art, and the artwork under discussion is displayed on a large screen as a backdrop to the music. – TON aspires to prepare a new generation of musicians who can break down barriers between modern audiences and great orchestral music of the – past and present. As TON musicians Zachary Boeding and Thomas J. Wible say on the blog Musicovation: “If we keep to tradition, we’ll have nothing but – that. . . . TON aims to help create a musician who not only can play but who can lure and intrigue his own contemporaries” and “infuse music into the – everyday lives of people in a new way.” More information on TON concerts is at

Leon Botstein conducts The Orchestra Now at Carnegie Hall. photo David DeNee

Tami Spector ’82: Chemical Attraction Growing up in Port Jefferson, Long Island, 60 miles east of Manhattan, Tami Spector ’82 wanted to be an art teacher. She often went to museums with her parents and siblings, and family vacations were usually chosen with culture in mind. When it came time to choose a college, making art was important, but Spector also enjoyed chemistry in high school; the openness to multidisciplinary study made Bard the right choice. Spector is now chair of the University of San Tami Spector ’82 Francisco Chemistry Department, but she continues to combine her two primary intellectual interests, publishing articles such as “Molecular Aesthetics of Disease,” “The Art of the Periodic Table,” and “Nanoaesthetics.” “I didn’t know what I was going to major in when I came to Bard,” says Spector. “But when I started taking organic chemistry with Hilton Weiss, I knew I wanted to be a chemistry major. Hilton was charismatic and a good teacher, and even though I wasn’t the best chemistry student, he was incredibly encouraging. He would tell me, ‘You’re the one who’s going to be a chemist.’ He saw that I had a true interest and that I wasn’t just doing it because it was easy for me.” Weiss could also be critical when necessary, and Spector, like most students, occasionally invited criticism. “I was quite messy in the lab,” she recalls. “Very messy. One time I wrote up some notes and I mentioned that I should probably wear gloves. Hilton’s response was, ‘You should wear a body bag.’” Somehow, Spector survived lab work, and in fact she assumed that after college a laboratory would be her office. “I thought I would work in an industrial lab in a pharmaceutical company,” she says. “But in graduate school I became fascinated by more elegant chemistry than that. That’s connected to my interest in art. I worked on very intriguing, beautiful systems that had no real applications. It was inherently interesting, but it wasn’t like I was making some specific drug.” It may seem odd to talk about hard science using terms like “elegant” and “beautiful,” but no less a scientist than Albert Einstein said that he thought in “images, feelings, and even musical architectures” rather than in logical symbols. As Spector wrote recently, “Understanding when and why chemists apply aesthetics to their schema reveals a deep connection to their work that goes beyond pragmatic or epistemic motivations. . . . The aesthetic value of molecular forms transcends their actual utility.” The practical applications of science are obviously important, but breakthroughs require a different kind of thinking. “When you can’t find solutions based on what everybody’s doing,” says Spector, “there has to be a shift in perspective.” This ability to see beyond mere function also influences Spector’s teaching. Chemistry students expect to study very specific, very pragmatic things, and often they question why they need to know about a particular principle, formula, or concept outside those parameters. Spector’s answer is, “Well, you don’t. But you need to know how to think through the process. In chemistry you need to be able to process tons of information and apply that technique to a situation that’s novel. When it comes down to it, I’m teaching the mental process of taking huge amounts of information and conceptualizing it and applying that to new things.”

Spector’s approach to the learning of science is evocative of one of the truisms about art: it has no reason to exist. Painting a picture, mastering a tricky passage of music, writing a poem, composing a symphony—these are not “useful.” But art has powers that data does not. Facts do not necessarily touch hearts or change minds. As Spector wrote in a recent editorial for Leonardo: Journal of the International Society for the Arts, Sciences and Technology, where she is an editorial adviser, “Art, unlike science, allows for the expression of simultaneous, fraught perspectives.” Spector shares the breadth of her interests and the story of her career trajectory with her students on their first day of class. “I have all the pre-meds,” Spector explains. “I say, ‘I know you all think you’re going to be doctors or dentists, but you never know what your path could be.’ I was always interested in art; my parents collected art. Art came back around to me in a way I didn’t expect. It’s important to tell people about that.”

Ribbon structure of HIV protease with GR126045 inhibitor, from “Molecular Aesthetics of Disease.” image Reproduced with permission of Roger Sayle

Art came back around for Spector while she was working on a project involving photo-damaged DNA (the reason we all need to slather on sunblock). “I was really struck by this juxtaposition,” she recalls. “I was looking at this amazing system, this beautiful system, but I was also looking at this disease state.” That was the genesis for “The Molecular Aesthetics of Disease,” in which Spector examined the implications of the HIV protease’s visual and functional beauty. In the piece, published by HYLE: International Journal for Philosophy of Chemistry in 2003, she writes, “The sublime is located not in nature but in the mind’s capacity to experience its own might. For scientists, AIDS represents the complexity of nature through its orchestration of millions of atoms in a microscopic viral entity, and on a physiological level by its unpredictable mutation and potential for unchecked viral proliferation. Scientists are drawn to this complexity, while at the same time they seek aesthetically elegant solutions to their scientific problems that reflect the intellectual prowess of their own minds.” And this gets to the heart of why it’s so important for scientists to do art (and for artists to understand science, for that matter). “Most scientists go down one narrow path,” says Spector. “And they’re fascinated by that narrow path. But it takes a large scientific mind to look beyond their little problem. Scientists are often ostracized when they do look beyond their little problem, but stepping outside—by learning how to think larger—allows you to see the not-obvious thing.” Which is exactly what she learned at Bard.

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Center for Curatorial Studies

Restoring the Bell Tower

Awarding Service to Art Marieluise Hessel, Bard College trustee and founding chairman of Bard’s Center for Curatorial Studies (CCS Bard) Board of Governors, has been honored with the Distinguished Service to the Visual Arts Award from ArtTable, a prominent nonprofit leadership organization for professional women in the visual arts. The award will be bestowed at ArtTable’s annual benefit and award ceremony on May 6 in New York  City. Tom Eccles, executive director of CCS Bard and Hessel Museum of Art, is to present the award. A prominent art collector and philanthropist, Hessel bestowed the eponymous museum at Bard that houses more than 2,000 works from the Marieluise Hessel Collection. She Marieluise Hessel received the Bard Medal in 2015 for her efforts photo Don Hamerman on behalf of the College. “Marieluise Hessel has been a tireless, generous, and passionate patron,” Eccles says. ArtTable is dedicated to supporting women leaders in the visual arts at all stages of their careers and recognizing the achievements of outstanding women in the visual arts, as well as increasing their professional opportunities.

The Bard College Bell Tower, located near the Chapel of the Holy Innocents and standing between the Bertelsmann Campus Center and the Zen Meditation Garden, is one of the College’s aesthetic treasures. It was built in 1965 by a few students under the leadership of Stephen Foote ’65 and with the considerable help of artist and faculty member Harvey Fite ’30. Now the tower is in a state of decay due to natural aging and disuse. Studio arts major David Bull ’16 is focusing his Senior Project on the bell tower. With the support of Vice President for Administration and Finance James Brudvig, Visiting Professor of Studio Arts Ellen Driscoll, Professor of Sculpture Arthur Gibbons, College Archivist Helene Tieger ’85, Professor of Psychology Stuart Stritzler-Levine, the Chaplaincy, and Buildings and Grounds, Bull’s restoration project features a permanent light installation of his own design for the space below the bells. The stand-alone LED system will light up at dusk and progressively change color, from a sunset orange to a cool blue, throughout the night. The glow will appear to emanate from the bells. The refurbishment of the tower includes repair of the bell-ringing mechanisms so that the bell will ring three times a day—at 8 a.m., noon, and 6 p.m. Bull is also cleaning the interior of the tower and installing a more efficient system to replace the existing bird netting around the bells. A plaque will be secured to the exterior of the tower, providing visitors with a brief history of the structure and acknowledgments. His project also includes a book discussing the history of the Bard Bell Tower, the renovation, and his light installation. Bull is attempting to raise funds for the tower restoration, which is the 2016 Senior Class Gift, through the Bard community and crowd funding. See or contact for more information.

Thelma Golden Wins Irmas Award The Center for Curatorial Studies at Bard (CCS Bard) named Thelma Golden, director and chief curator of the Studio Museum in Harlem, as the recipient of the 2016 Audrey Irmas Award for Curatorial Excellence. Since 2005, Golden has served as director and chief curator of the Studio Museum, where she began her career in 1987, prior to a decade at the Whitney Museum of American Art (1988–98). During her tenure as director, the Studio Museum has welcomed more than 45 outstanding artists to its Artistin-Residence Program, expanded its collection to nearly 2,000 works, significantly strengthened participation in education and public programs while increasing their number, raised annual visitorship, and gained a growing repuThelma Golden tation as a site where diverse audiences photo Julie Skarratt exchange ideas about art and society. Golden was presented with the 18th annual award at the CCS Bard gala celebration on April 6. Eccles said, “Through her timely exhibitions, critical thinking, and eloquent, intelligent advocacy, Thelma Golden has demonstrated that curating is of crucial importance, raising issues and developing ideas that are central to our time. Her commitment to the Studio Museum in Harlem is both exemplary and inspirational.” The Audrey Irmas Award reflects CCS Bard’s recognition of individuals who have defined new thinking, bold vision, and dedicated service to the field of exhibition practice. The award, designed by artist Lawrence Weiner, also comes with the Audrey Irmas Prize of $25,000. Each year, the awardee is selected by an independent panel of leading contemporary art curators, museum directors, and artists.

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right At work on the bell tower in the summer of 1965 are (front, left to right) Henry Nelson ’68, Stephen Foote ’65, and Alan Baldwin ’68, and (back, inside tower), Paul Shafer ’73. photo Courtesy of the Bard College Archives

Power Meeting with Al-Quds Students Samantha Power, U.S. ambassador to the United Nations, visited a group of 10 students from the Al-Quds Bard College for Arts and Sciences (AQB) as the first stop on her diplomatic tour of Israel and the Palestinian territories in February. The students, all young women, are the first recipients of the Access to Success Scholarships funded by USAID and supported by the U.S. Consulate in Jerusalem. They offered Power a glimpse into the hopes and dreams of Palestinian youth and asked the ambassador’s advice for overcoming difficulties. “We believe that Ambassador Power’s meeting and lively interchange with the students demonstrates the effectiveness of the educational program at AQB and the Access to Success Scholarship program,” said Jonathan Becker, vice president for academic affairs and director of Bard’s Center for Civic Engagement. “These students come from underprivileged backgrounds, and their determination, enthusiasm, and commitment to education shine through even during the most challenging of times in the Middle East.” The meeting took place at the consulate’s America House in Ramallah. Power, an avid supporter of female education worldwide, spoke about obstacles she faced growing up as an Irish immigrant to the United States and emphasized that those in marginalized communities and difficult circumstances must work harder to achieve their goals, seeking out inspirational examples along the way. She mentioned

Samantha Power, left center. photo Courtesy of the U.S. Consulate General, Jerusalem

Palestinian American poet Suheir Hammad as one of the figures who had influenced her personally. The four-year Access to Success scholarships are intended for bright, academically promising graduates of the U.S. Department of State English Access Microscholarship Program funded by the State Department and administered locally by AMIDEAST.

Center for Civic Engagement Getting Engaged in Budapest The Bard/HESP (Higher Education Support Program of the Open Society Foundations) Network and affiliated institutions gathered student leaders for a five-day conference exploring the theme of Student Action and Youth Leadership: Civic Engagement, Social Entrepreneurship, and the Liberal Arts. Get Engaged: A Bard/HESP Student Networking Conference was hosted in Budapest, Hungary, from March 20 to 26. The conference, sponsored by Bard’s Center for Civic Engagement, aimed to build a network of social entrepreneurs and activists to exchange ideas and forge future collaborations. Students who are involved in community projects, activism, journalism, Model UN, debate, socially based internships, government work, campus leadership, or in the early stages of launching a project were invited to submit proposals. Faculty also submitted nominations on behalf of students from partner institutions: AlQuds Bard College for Arts and Sciences; American University of Central Asia; Bard College; Bard College at Simon’s Rock; Bard College Berlin; European Humanities University; and Faculty of Liberal Arts and Sciences, St. Petersburg State University (Smolny College). Selected Get Engaged Fellows gathered in Budapest for the conference. They participated in workshops on leadership, public speaking, networking, social media, effective organizing, programming, community partnerships, innovation, and creativity. In conjunction with the conference, the Bard alumni/ae network in Budapest and the Office of Alumni/ae Affairs sponsored a reception for students and alumni/ae. László Z. Bitó ’60 and Olivia Cariño also hosted a gathering at their home for all participants, and Bitó gave a keynote speech at the conference. MLK Day of Engagement The Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. once said: “Life’s most persistent and urgent question is, ‘What are you doing for others?’” This year, more than 250 Bard students participated in that nationwide call to service. Sponsored by the Center for Civic Engagement, Bard’s sixth annual Martin Luther King Jr. Day of Engagement involved first-year students, on campus for the Citizen Science program, working with more than 20 community organizations including

Left to right: Laila Jaber from Al-Quds Bard, László Z. Bitó ’60, Olivia Cariño, Ayat Kanaan from Al-Quds Bard, and Jim Friedlich, CCE board member. photo Debra Pemstein

Woodstock Animal Sanctuary, Hudson River Maritime Museum, American Red Cross, La Voz, and Planned Parenthood. Bard students and other volunteers helped recyclers unload unwanted electronics during an e-waste collection day for residents of the town and village of Red Hook and Tivoli, which sponsored the event together with the Red Hook Conservation Advisory Council and Bard Office of Sustainability. Students also led science projects for elementary, middle, and high school students from the local school districts of Rhinebeck, Kingston, Red Hook, and Tivoli. These projects engaged students with experiments ranging from dry ice and chemical reactions to computer science. Volunteer Michael Kuckyr ’19 said, “The children reminded me of the joys of learning and the importance of an evolving curiosity.” Students also spent the January 16 event volunteering at Letterbox Farm, a collective of young farmers dedicated to developing a diversified, sustainable farming operation in Hudson. “I wasn’t expecting to have so much fun! It felt great to give back to the community,” remarked Liam Nolan ’19. This action-packed day of service connected Bard students to their neighbors and motivated a spirit of grassroots community action.

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Contemporary Fiction and Written Arts

Herbert J. Kayden and Gabrielle H. Reem in 1967. photo Courtesy of the family

Reem-Kayden Center Nearing 10th Birthday The Gabrielle H. Reem and Herbert J. Kayden Center for Science and Computation is approaching its second decade. The Center opened in September 2007 amid fanfare and great excitement that Gabrielle H. Reem and Herbert J. Kayden, illustrious physician researchers, had chosen to bestow the new building at Bard College, to which neither had an academic connection. Their interest in sciences at Bard was piqued when President Leon Botstein told them of the collaborative Bard-Rockefeller Semester in Science, which provides Bard students and faculty access to the stellar scientific resources of Rockefeller University in New York City. The Bard-Rockefeller Semester in Science turns 10 this year.

This spring, Bradford Morrow, professor of literature, Bard Center Fellow, and editor of Conjunctions, brought an exciting succession of writers to campus for his Innovative Contemporary Fiction Reading Series. Free and open to the public, each reading was introduced by Morrow, followed by a Q&A, and held in Weis Cinema. National Book Award nominee Noy Holland read from her debut novel Bird on February 29. Holland’s collections of short fiction and novellas—praised by Publisher’s Weekly as “provocative, nearly hypnotic”—include Swim for the Little One First, What Begins with Bird, and The Spectacle of the Body. Rick Moody read from his new novel, Hotels of North America, on April 4. Called “one of the most prodigiously talented writers in America” by the Wall Street Journal, Moody is the author of Garden State, The Ice Storm, and other books. On April 18, Eli Gottlieb read from Best Boy, his acclaimed new novel about autism and redemption. A short documentary film featuring Gottlieb’s brother, the model for the protagonist of Best Boy, was screened at the reading. Gottlieb is also the author of The Face Thief, among other works. Award-winning author John Keene read from his most recent collection, Counternarratives, on March 10. Keene was hosted by the Written Arts Program and introduced by Richard B. Fisher Family Professor in Literature and Writing Mary Caponegro ’78. Spotlighting established writers who studied at Bard and up-and-coming student writers, the Alumni/ae and Student Reading Series brought Lila Dunlap ’17, who has published two chapbooks, Red Levee and Bestiary, and Micaela Morrissette ’02, managing editor of Conjunctions and Written Arts Program coordinator, to the Seena and Arnold Davis ’44 Living Room at the Anne Cox Chambers Alumni/ae Center on March 1. On April 1, Barbara Roether MFA ’87 read from her “stellar” (Foreword Reviews) debut novel, This Earth You’ll Come Back To. The series is cosponsored by the Written Arts Program and Office of Alumni/ae Affairs and curated by Robert Kelly, Asher B. Edelman Professor of Literature.

News of the Beautiful Game Winning is not everything, but it can be awfully fun. Last season, the women’s soccer team had more fun than they’ve had in years. When Bard moved from the Skyline Conference to the Liberty League in 2011, everyone knew that it would take time to become competitive again. Now we know how long. In October, the team beat Clarkson 2–0 for its first Liberty League win. It took less than a month to get the second, and by beating Vassar (another first) by a 2–1 score, the Raptors qualified for a spot in the Eastern College Athletic Conference (ECAC) tournament for the first time in the Liberty League era. The team upset the number-two seed in the tournament, Kean, to advance to the semifinals against Rutgers-Newark. Although the season ended with a loss in that game, word came a week later that the team’s coaches, led by Bill Kelly, had been named Liberty League Women’s Soccer Coaching Staff of the Year. And there’s more: Isabel Keddy-Hector ’16 was named to the College Sports Information Directors of America Academic All-District team and, along with Abbey Labrecque ’16 and Gina Lewis ’16, earned All–Liberty League Honorable Mention; 11 players qualified for the Liberty League Fall All-Academic Team; and somehow Kelly managed to find time to publish a book of poetry (blurbed nicely by that other Bard poet named Kelly) called Water Tiger. Head Coach Andy McCabe was named ECAC Division III Upstate Coach of the Year, and he and his assistant, Brandon Jackson, earned Liberty League Men’s Soccer Coaching Staff of the Year honors. Nick Shenberger ’18, who tied for the league lead in points, became the first Bard player to make the All–

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Abbey Labrecque ’16 (right). photo Stockton Photo, Inc.

Liberty League First Team. Shenberger was also voted the HERO Sports D3 Men’s Soccer Legend of the Year in an online poll. The team won seven games, the most since joining the Liberty League, including a 2–1 upset of Skidmore, the 48th-ranked team in the nation.

Debut Novelist Wins Bard Fiction Prize Alexandra Kleeman has won the annual Bard Fiction Prize for 2016 for her debut novel You Too Can Have a Body Like Mine (Harper 2015). Called “brilliant and disturbing” by the New York Times, Kleeman’s darkly allegorical satire follows a woman known only as A, who lives in an unnamed American city with her roommate, B, and boyfriend, C, who wants her to join him on a reality dating show called That’s My Partner! A eats mostly popsicles and oranges and watches endless amounts of television, often just for the commercials. B is attempting to make herself a twin of A, who hungers for meaning in her life, aside from C’s pornography addiction. According to the Bard Fiction Prize committee, the book “wraps a nightmare inside absurdity. It makes you laugh and creeps you out, it disturbs and delights and keeps you rooted in your chair, flipping the pages, submerged, sunk, lost, enchanted. Alexandra Kleeman’s fiction is so dark and sad because it is so uproariously funny. It’s the laughter of the doomed.”

Kleeman says she is thrilled to be given this chance to participate in Bard’s thriving, innovative literary community—which she has admired from afar for many years. Her writing has appeared in Paris Review, Zoetrope, Harper’s, Guernica, Tin House, Conjunctions, and n+1. She earned her M.F.A. in fiction from Columbia University and is completing a Ph.D. in rhetoric at UC Berkeley. She lives in New York City. Established in 2001 by Bard College to support promising young fiction writers, the prize consists of a $30,000 award and appointment as writer in residence for one semester. This spring Kleeman is on campus, where she gave a public reading, continues Alexandra Kleeman photo Graham Webster writing, and meets informally with students.

prestigious professional associations, she is also founder and president of the American Friends of the Wallace Collection. “We are proud to mark our 20th anniversary by celebrating four remarkable individuals whose achievements embody the spirit of the Iris Foundation Awards,” said BGC Founder and Director Susan Weber, Iris Horowitz Professor in the History of the Decorative Arts. The awards were presented at the Colony Club, New York City, on April 6.

From left: Harold Koda, Sir Paul Ruddock, Michele Beiny Harkins, Bard Graduate Center Founder and Director Susan Weber, Giorgio Riello, and Bard President Leon Botstein photo Douglas Baz

Happening at the BGC Iris Award Winners The Bard Graduate Center (BGC) has bestowed its 20th annual Iris Foundation Awards for Outstanding Contributions to the Decorative Arts. Sir Paul Ruddock, honoree for Outstanding Patron Award, was knighted in 2012 for his services to art and philanthropy. He served as chairman of the board of the Victoria and Albert Museum from 2007 to 2015. He chairs the boards of the Gilbert Trust for the Arts and Oxford University Endowment Management Limited, is a trustee of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, and is on BGC’s Executive Planning Committee. Harold Koda, Lifetime Achievement in Scholarship Award honoree, spent 15 years as curator in charge of the Costume Institute at the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Under Koda’s leadership, the Brooklyn Museum’s costume collection was transferred to the Met in 2009 and the Met’s Costume Institute reopened as the Anna Wintour Costume Center in 2014. Giorgio Riello, receiving the Outstanding Mid-Career Scholar Award, was appointed director of the Institute of Advanced Study at the University of Warwick in 2014. His book Cotton: The Fabric That Made the Modern World received the 2014 World History Association Bentley Book Prize. Michele Beiny Harkins, receiving the Outstanding Dealer Award, is an antiques dealer whose New York City gallery specializes in 18th- and 19th-century English and Continental porcelain and European faience, furniture, and Renaissance jewels. A member of several

Current Exhibitions Artek and the Aaltos: Creating a Modern World is the first exhibition in the United States to examine the pioneering Finnish design company Artek, founded in 1935 and still going strong, together with its principal architects, Alvar Aalto (1898–1976) and Aino Marsio-Aalto (1894–1949). The exhibition, which runs in the BGC Gallery from April 22 through September 25, is cocurated by BGC Gallery Director Nina Stritzler-Levine and Juhani Pallasmaa. Approximately 150 works are featured, including never-before-exhibited architectural drawings, sketches for interiors and furniture, paintings, photography, furniture, glassware, lighting, and textiles from public and private collections. At the Focus Gallery, Frontier Shores: Collection, Entanglement, and the Manufacture of Identity in Oceania runs from April 22 through September 18. The exhibition draws from the collection of American Museum of Natural History and examines contests for power between indigenous and nonindigenous peoples.

Artek furniture in the Finnish pavillion at the Paris World’s Fair, 1937 photo Henry Sarian. Alvar Aalto Museum

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Bard Works Bard Works, a collaboration of the Center for Civic Engagement, Office of Alumni/ae Affairs and Development, Dean of Students Office, and Career Development Office, helps juniors and seniors connect the liberal arts to the workplace. Students expand professional networks and increase career possibilities through a mentor network of Bard parents and alumni/ae who come together for an exhilarating program of panels, workshops, interviewing, oneon-one mentoring, and social events. In November, Bard Works brought 48 students to the nation’s capital for the second annual Bard Works D.C. In Washington, D.C., students attended two networking receptions introducing them to parents and alumni/ae representing a wide range of fields. Parent J. R. Clark hosted a day of panels at his law firm, Squire Patton Boggs, where students met more than 50 Bardians in politics, government, the nonprofit and private sectors, and the arts.

More than 65 students attended the Bard Works 2016 program, which took place January 25 to 29 in Annandale-on-Hudson and New York City. More than 100 Bard alumni/ae and parents participated as mentors, panelists, and attendees. “It was a win-win situation,” said Jane Brien ’89, director of alumni/ae affairs. “Bardians love connecting with current students, and current students are always amazed at how deep the Bard network really is.” Photographer Brennan Cavanaugh ’88 was delighted to have the chance to mentor a senior in the Photography Program: “There’s so much curiosity in my mentee, especially about how he can exist and continue his practices after leaving Bard. Having gone through the same questions and decisions myself, it’s rewarding to share with someone whose past, and future, I can relate with, and to whom I can relay collected wisdom.” If you would like to get involved with Bard Works, e-mail, and save the dates: Bard Works D.C., November 17–18, 2016, and Bard Works, Annandale, January 22–27, 2017.

Bard thanks the parents, alumni/ae, and an anonymous donor who supported Bard Works 2016, and appreciates all who volunteered: Washington, D.C., Panelists

Rron Karahoda ’13

Francis Cherichello

Gerald Pambo-Awich ’08

Imran Ahmed ’02 Sandra Aistars ’90 Elena Alschuler ’06 Jenna Buck Pia Carusone ’03 Sunu Chandy Christophe Chung ’06 J. R. Clark Jr. Patricia Connelly Ami Copeland ’01 Liam Fitzsimmons Gavino Garay ’12 Jane Gilvin ’02 Christopher Given ’10 Larry Grossman ’85 Kapil Gupta ’96 Gabriel Hindin ’99 Andy Igrejas Zachary Israel ’12 Paul Pitman Enayat Qasimi ’96 Josh Riley Samantha Rosenbaum Kendra Rubinfeld ’05 Michael Smith ’09 Lyric Thompson ’07 Toni-Michelle Travis ’69 Amanda Tumulty ’94 Jason Weaver

Emanuel Krantz ’10 Jessica Letkemann Patrick Love Mollie Meikle ’03 Rachel Nash E. Scott Osborne Thea Piltzecker ’11 Dirk Standen Susan Standen Daniel Wilbur ’09 Ato Williams ’12 Sarah Wood

Malia Du Mont ’95 Michelle Dunn Marsh ’95 Sarah Elia ’06 Cecilia Elizalde Kristina Ellenbogen ’83 Matthew Ferro Ed Fields Elizabeth Garofalo Jane Gilvin ’02 Eve Gordon Dean Hamer Ramy Hemeid ’05 Phillip Henderson Judy Herzl Bonnie Hlinomaz Kalina Ivanov Aaron Jacoby Michael King Tracey Kleinman Berglund Robert Konefal Richard Krim Maryann Lawrence Donald Leitch Doyle Lian Paul Lindenmaier Teresa Longyear Beppe Lovoi ’04 Jennifer Lupo ’88 Nancy Maher Charlotte Maier Liese Mayer ’05 Adam Messer Prateek Mishra Zia Morter ’12 Nancy Murray Brianna Norton ’00 Bernard Ohanian E. Scott Osborne Gerald Pallor

Diana Putman Jude Ray Sarah Reed Joseph Rohde Laura Rosenthal Kedar Sangam Robert Savage Christopher Shorter Joe Stanco Jr. ’99 Dirk Standen Lindsay Stanley ’12 Jonathan Tiemann Paul Trapido Helen Vrontikis Paul Weinschenk Daniel Whitener ’09 Eileen Whitener ’09 Molly Williams BCEP ’08 Phillip Woolery John Zavgren

New York City Panelists Gabe Blau ’02 Jim Browne ’86 Jonathan Chavez ’12 Ting Ting Cheng ’02 Cynthia Conti-Cook ’03 Yvonna Groom ’13 Ramy Hemeid ’05 Kalina Ivanov

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Annandale Presenters Eileen Kern ’09, MAT ’13 Jonathan Sparling Joel Clark ’05 Ginny Corsi Gwendolyn Hampton-VanSant ’92 Andy Kopas ’08 Ric Lewit ’84 Christopher Pels Jeff Schwartz Ally Sheedy Stuart Shinske Mentors Kathleen Anderson Elena Alschuler ’06 Douglas Barile Andrew Bata Lisa Blau Edward Brittenham Joanne Butler Hannah Byrnes-Enoch ’08 Alexander Carter ’09 Brennan Cavanaugh ’88 Sarka Cerna-Fagan Ilene Chaiken

Donors Anonymous David Brooks and Patricia Lambert James C. and Pauline G. Carafotes Drs. Karen C. Diaz and Joseph E. Johnson Drs. Elizabeth A. Garofalo and Jeffrey S. Warren Mr. Kalen T. Goodluck Ramy Nagy ’05 and Mia McCully ’07 E. Scott Osborne and Jeffrey L. Schwartz Alison M. and James A. von Klemperer Paul Weinschenk and Jennifer Blum

Holiday Party 2015 More than 400 Bardians gathered at India House in lower Manhattan for the annual Holiday Party on December 4, 2015. Alumni/ae spanned the decades—from the Class of 1953 to the Class of 2015—with those graduating in the last five years constituting the majority of attendees. India House, built in 1835 in the style of a Renaissance palazzo, offered Bardians an elegant and grand multilevel space in which to meet up and mingle. Double staircases, balconies, views, and one of the nation’s finest collections of maritime art were the backdrop to a party that included a tattoo station, a singlemalt Scotch raffle (thank you, Natalie Lunn Technical Theater Award Committee), and an open bar with a specialty grilled pineapple martini. After the party at least 200 Bardians walked across Hanover Square to keep it going for an after party at the Killarney Rose, a classic Irish bar that didn’t know what hit it (despite having been warned . . . ). If you didn’t make it this past winter, save the date for the next Bard Alumni/ae Holiday Party on Friday, December 16.

photos Karl Rabe

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Class Notes

’15 Corinna Cape received a New York City teaching fellowship that allows her to teach full-time at a public high school while earning her master’s degree in education. | Alex Carter moved to Brooklyn and works on communication, content creation, and strategy for Madeo, a digital design studio. He also writes music independently and enjoys creative mediums in all forms.

’14 Hannah LeClaire has begun an internship at The Paris Review and has contributed to the weekly featured blog, Staff Picks. | Undrea Martin began working with Right at School, a company that has partnered with several Chicago public schools to offer programs and clubs that exercise children’s brains and bodies creatively. He also works as an educator; and, for Amazon Mechanical Turk, he transcribes podcasts, writes stories and reviews, and tests new websites. In his spare time, he’s

34 class notes

songwriting and singing, and always reading and writing.

ices professional and licensed substance abuse counselor. He will receive his master of social work degree in the spring of 2016.

’13 Allie Cashel is the founder of an online community for people living with chronic illness,, and a member of the junior board of the Tick Borne Disease Alliance. She shares the stories of a number of other chronic Lyme disease patients from around the world in her book (see page 35). | After graduation, Maya MacLaughlin began cooking jams with her mother and grandmother according to old family recipes. They started Maya’s Jams, and the all-natural, organic jams are now enjoyed throughout the world.

’12 Brianna Reed began a new position as an administrative assistant at the University of Pennsylvania School of Design. | Ato Williams is a social serv-

’11 5th Reunion: May 27–29, 2016 Please come back in May for your reunion. Your classmates and members of the reunion committee, Shawn Steel and Pearl Tang, look forward to seeing you. For more information, call 845-758-7089 or visit Yiwen Shen (B.Mus.) recently debuted his fulllength ballet, Crane Whisperer, with the National Ballet of China in Beijing. His music was well received and he has been granted another commission from the NBC. Yiwen was awarded the 2015 ASCAP Morton Gould Young Composers Award and has had his pieces performed on six continents and by the Minnesota Orchestra, American Symphony Orchestra, and the Juilliard Orchestra.

’10 Ming Aldrich-Gan (B.Mus.) enjoys a varied career. Currently a substitute pianist at An American in Paris, Ming also works full-time at Amazon as a software development engineer. Other recent musical theater projects include Bedbugs!!! (conductor and keyboardist) and Merrily We Roll Along (music director) at the Astoria Performing Arts Center. He has been accepted into the advanced workshop at the BMI Lehman Engel Musical Theatre Workshop. | Neha Jain is a full-time student at Georgetown University, getting her master’s degree in PR/communications. She is editing a fantasy novel, models part-time, sang backup to Dionne Warwick at the Kennedy Center, and is recording her own music.

Books by Bardians Language Learning Motivation in Japan edited by Matthew T. Apple ’94, Dexter Da Silva, Terry Fellner multilingual matters Closing the gap between theory and practice, this volume synthesizes current research on English-language learning motivation in Japan. These studies, carried out by internationally recognized researchers and upcoming researcher-educators, utilize a multitude of research methodologies.

Jane Evelyn Atwood by Jane Evelyn Atwood ’70 and Christine Delory Momberger collection juste entre nous This book, in French, records in-depth conversations between Atwood, an internationally known photographer, and Delory Momberger, author


of many interviews with photographers. Atwood describes the political

Hannah Byrnes-Enoch and Gerald Pambo-Awich were married at Bard on October 3, 2015. The 20plus Bardians in attendance provided music, flowers, and general enthusiasm. The couple sends special thanks to Ashira Islove ’07, who sang the processional, and Bernard Iddings Bell Professor of Philosophy and Religion Bruce Chilton ’71, who officiated. Hannah and Gerry live in New York City; Hannah works for the New York City public health care system and Gerry works for Prudential’s Impact Investments team on private equity/debt investments. | Jessica Loudis was an editor for Colleen Flaherty’s book, Should I Go to Grad School? | Mischa Nachtigal and Tina Vaughn were married on August 2, 2015, in Moraga, California. They currently reside in the East Bay.

engagement of her photography and reveals details of her photographic and personal life.

Two Half Brothers, or Separating Out by Peter Boffey ’70 peter boffey This novel follows Steven McGuire on a rescue mission to find his troubled runaway brother Paul somewhere in Berber Country of the High Atlas Mountains, Morocco. Ten years later, Steven finds himself in the same predicament in Oregon’s High Desert.

El Sistema: Music For Social Change: A Collection of Inspirational Essays edited by Christine Witkowski; foreword by Leon Botstein, Bard College president omnibus press This book, with a foreword by Botstein, offers information and inspiration for adapting El Sistema, a Venezuelan music education phenomenon with the mission of social change through music, to other locations. Longy School of Music of Bard College President Karen Zorn contributes a chapter.

Suffering the Silence: Chronic Lyme Disease in an Age of Denial by Allie Cashel ’13 north atlantic books Having devastating symptoms for 16 years that doctors refuse to recognize as the result of infectious disease, Cashel paints a portrait of post-treatment Lyme disease syndrome. Her book presents the struggles of chronic Lyme patients worldwide for recognition and treatment.

Christianity: The Basics by Bruce Chilton ’71, Bernard Iddings Bell Professor of Philosophy and Religion routledge This introduction to the development of Christianity explores the beliefs, practices, and symbols of Christian faith and tradition through the Tina Vaughn and Mischa Nachtigal ’08 photo Brian Byllesby

centuries. Topics include the kingdom of heaven, sin, baptism, the Eucharist, prayer, joy, divine union, and self-denial.

class notes 35

and Alex Richards look forward to seeing you. For more information, call 845-758-7089 or visit Mira Dancy is based in New York City and her work was recently exhibited in Greater New York at MoMA PS1. Her solo exhibitions include Night Gallery in Los Angeles; Chapter NY in New York City; and Galerie Hussenot in Paris.


Back row, left to right: Alex Kuc ’08, Ani Toncheva ’09, Scott McMillen ’09, Francesca Carendi ’08, Noah McKenna ’08, Jordan Volz ’07, Jana Hymowitz ’08, Ashira Islove ’07, Michael Burgevin ’10, Kit Martin ’08, Josef Woldense ’06, Eli Strauss ’11. Front row, left to right: Beverley Annan ’07, Alanna Costelloe-Kuehn ’08, Gerry Pambo-Awich ’08, Hannah Byrnes-Enoch ’08, Janine Paat ’08, Clara Wellons ’08, Anna Neverova ’07, Dio Martins ’07. photo Patricia Burmicky

’06 10th Reunion: May 27–29, 2016 Please come back in May for your reunion. Your classmates and members of the reunion committee Raluca Albu, Brendan Berg, Lindsay Davis Carr, Christophe Chung, Dylan Flynn, Alexandra Fred, S. Asher Gelman, Kaythee Hlaing, Corinne Hoener, Victoria Jacobs, Christie Seaver, Carlin Thomas, Adam Turner, and Matt Wing look forward to seeing you. For more information, call 845-758-7089 or visit Sarah Elia is president of New York State Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages (NYS TESOL), one the largest and most active affiliates of TESOL International Association. Based at Teachers College, Columbia University, the organization is concerned with the education of English language learners at all levels of education in New York State. | Meryl “Mimi” Winick is in the doctoral program in English at Rutgers University. Winick’s recent article, “Scholarly Collaboration for a Feminist New Age in Jane Harrison’s and Jessie Weston’s Alternative Histories” (Nineteenth Century Gender Studies 11, no. 3, Winter 2015) draws from her Senior Project and dissertation.

’05 Ashley Bathgate releases her first solo album, Stories for Ocean Shells, on Cantaloupe Music in April 2016. She continues to play with the awardwinning ensemble Bang on a Can All-Stars and is an avid commissioner and performer of contemporary music. For her most recent project, Ashley collaborated with composer collective Sleeping Giant; they developed a series of reflections inspired by the Unaccompanied Cello Suites of J. S. Bach. Bach

36 class notes

Unwound received its world premiere in New York City in January 2016.

’03 Samantha Boshnack premiered Coelacanth: In Its Own Time with the Northwest Symphony Orchestra in 2015, as well as Global Concertos, with funding from New Music USA, 4Culture, and Seattle Office of Arts and Culture. The Sam Boshnack Quintet toured the Northwest with Karin Stevens Dance and also performed at Cannonball Miami. In February, Sam’s quintet played the Royal Room before heading into the studio to record The Nellie Bly Project, the group’s second album.

’02 Amy Clark’s first full-length collection of fiction was published in January 2016. Adulterous Generation (Queen’s Ferry Press) features a story that began as part of her Senior Project. Amy is a writing specialist with Northeastern University’s Foundation Year program. She lives near Boston with her family. | Cynthia Kane’s book How To Communicate Like a Buddhist (Hierophant Publishing) will debut this spring. She’s written on this topic for different outlets, including The Washington Post, and teaches the skill of empowered communication to men and women in private programs to help change how they communicate in their relationships, at work, at home, and in school.

’01 15th Reunion: May 27–29, 2016 Please come back in May for your reunion. Your classmates and members of the reunion committee Timand Bates ’02, Max Kenner, Anne McPeak,

Julia Christensen was recently awarded tenure at Oberlin College, where she is associate professor of integrated media in the Studio Art Department. In 2015, she received a MacDowell Fellowship and the Ohio Arts Council Individual Excellence Award, and her work was exhibited at Ronald Feldman Fine Arts in New York City and 21C Museum in Louisville, Kentucky, among other venues. Christensen’s ongoing project about obsolete electronics and e-waste, Upgrade Available, is at

’96 20th Reunion: May 27–29, 2016 Please come back in May for your reunion. Your classmates and members of the reunion committee Gavin Kleespies, Jean (Doughty) Popovich, Yat Qasimi, Walter Swett, Jennifer Abrams Thompson, and Ilyas Washington look forward to seeing you. For more information, call 845-758-7089 or visit Aaron English tours America and Europe as a solo singer-songwriter with the Aaron English Band ( Recent successes include a top-five hit in Italy. He recently founded a nonprofit, International Youth Music Project, to support his work building music programs at East African orphanages. InternationalYouthMusicProject | Marta Topferova is living in Prague, Czech Republic. Marta performs regularly around Europe with her various ensembles. She was recently awarded two grants from the Bohuslav Martinu° and Leoš Janácˇek foundations for performing the composers’ works. Marta is also a dedicated composer and is working on her eighth CD.

’95 Since 2013, Cloe Liparini has been living with her husband and daughter in Geneva, Switzerland. She is the associate director of the Duke Program on Global Policy and Governance and has worked in the areas of international education, experiential learning, and civic engagement for over a decade. Life is good in the land of cheese and chocolate, and she is particularly enjoying the close proximity to friends and family in Italy.

’94 Renee Cramer’s book, Pregnant with the Stars (Stanford University Press, Cultural Lives of the Law list), will be released in fall 2016. It will be interesting to anyone who follows celebrity pregnancy, reproductive justice, and restrictions on women’s daily lives. Bard gets a huge “thank you” in her acknowledgments—“it is the place I learned to write and think.”

100 New York Calligraphers by Cynthia Dantzic ’54 schiffer Dantzic’s book presents works by 100 contemporary scribes writing in English and related Romance languages, Asian and Middle Eastern alphabets, and nonalphabetic characters. More than 550 examples of calligraphy in many hands and styles create a visual smorgasbord.

Imponderable: The Archives of Tony Oursler

’93 Aaron J. Romano manages his practice in Bloomfield, Connecticut, concentrating in criminal law and marijuana business law and assisting numerous clients in starting and maintaining production and dispensaries. He bought a farm, moved his office into the farmhouse, and invites all grads and their significant others to come hang out, eat jerk chicken, and listen to his awesome record collection. He can be reached at Aaron competes in regional saber competitions and last year was awarded first place at a strawberry shortcake–eating contest, while his daughter watched in awe.

edited by Tom Eccles, executive director, CCS Bard; Maja Hoffmann, Bard trustee; and Beatrix Ruf jrp ringier New York artist Tony Oursler’s vast personal archive of rare objects and ephemera encompasses magic, the paranormal, film, phantasmagoria, pseudoscience, and technology. For Oursler, the collection serves as a visual resource, historical inquiry, and intriguing family record.

Democracy without Justice in Spain: The Politics of Forgetting Omar G. Encarnación, professor of political studies university of pennsylvania press In 1975, Spain decreed putting to rest the crimes of the Spanish Civil War and Franco dictatorship without redress. Contrary to the international transitional justice movement, Spanish politics

’92 Daniel Sonenberg’s opera, The Summer King, about Negro League baseball legend Josh Gibson, receives its staged world premiere by Pittsburgh Opera this spring. The cast includes mezzosoprano Denyce Graves. The opera runs for five performances at the historic Benedum Center.

demonstrated the surprising compatibility of forgetting and democracy.

Larry Fink on Composition and Improvisation: The Photography Workshop Series by Larry Fink, professor of photography aperture Known for his layered pictures in social settings, Fink explores photographic composition and improvisation to create images with

’91 25th Reunion: May 27–29, 2016 Please come back in May for your reunion. Your classmates and members of the reunion committee Gia Buonaguro and Tim Davis, Chad Kleitsch, Ann Roberts Lister, and Stacey Pilson look forward to seeing you. For more information, call 845-758-7089 or visit

feeling and meaning. Lisa Kereszi ’95, photographer and former student of Fink’s, provides the introduction.

Toward Babel: Poems and a Memoir by Ilana Shmueli translated by Susan H. Gillespie, vice president for special global initiatives; founding director, Institute for International Liberal Education sheep meadow press


This collection of short poems, which can be read as one long poem, is a

Amara Willey will be in a New Jersey production of a play that she wrote, The Shapatu of Ishtar.

memoir of life in Czernowitz, Bukovina, by Israeli poet Ilana Shmueli, best known to English readers through her literary correspondence with Paul Celan.

’86 30th Reunion: May 27–29, 2016 Please come back in May for your reunion. Your classmates and members of the reunion committee Jim Browne, China Jorrin, Maud Kersnowski-Sachs, Michael Maresca, Delia Mellis, Anne Meredith, Jim Salvucci, and Mark Street look forward to seeing you. For more information, call 845-758-7089 or visit

Dark Specks in a Blue Sky by Howie Good ’73 another new calligraphy In his follow-up to Beautiful Decay/The Cruel Radiance of What Is, Good offers further commentary on our crumbling world. His poems examine our collective discord, finding a heavy shadow that looms in darkness, “the only light by which to see.”

class notes 37

Jim Salvucci has been appointed vice president for academic affairs and dean of faculty with the rank of professor of English at Buena Vista University in Storm Lake, Iowa.

’84 Matthew Canzonetti has opened Hudson Valley Indoor Tennis, an indoor hardcourt tennis facility. Located in Kingston, New York, HVIT is open for contract play October to May. | After a rewarding 25-year career with the federal government in Washington, D.C., William Hamel retired, resettled his family in Red Hook, New York, and took a position with the State of New York. His son Max graduated from Bard in 2014 and his daughter Clark is currently a junior. His wife, a 1985 Vassar graduate, is a psychotherapist. William was pleasantly surprised by the welcoming community of Bard graduates from the 1980s who either returned or never left; especially Elizabeth Spinzia, Anne and Matt Canzonetti, Ric Lewit, and Sheila Maloney. He would enjoy reengaging with others out there. | Buddy Enright’s recent projects include the acclaimed short-subject feature The Rusted; Fear the Walking Dead “Flight 462,” the companion series to the hit show; and season 3 of Adam DeVine’s House Party on the North Shore of Oahu. This spring he is in New Orleans working on a feature.

’79 Gale Carter was awarded the first Civil War Preservation Trust Abroe-Carter Award for Teaching Excellence. This award, named after Gale, will also go to future teachers who bring creativity, imagination, and rigor to their instruction of the Civil War.

Please come back in May for your reunion. Your classmates and members of the reunion committee Ronald Kantor, Kathleen Mandeville, and Michele Petruzelli look forward to seeing you. You are invited to join us for the Class of 1976–curated open mic and ritual of remembrance at the bonfire, and to participate in a Class of 1976 slide show presentation. Please send JPEG images to For more information on these Reunion Weekend events, please contact,, and Ronald Kantor launched an LLC in 2008 and serves as an editorial review partner with New Technology in Education magazine. He lives in Charlotte, North Carolina, with his wife MaryMargaret and their 14-year-old daughter, Julianna. Last year, the whole family was cast in a community theater production of Fiddler on the Roof. Ron exuberantly performed the role of Lazar Wolfe.

| Kathleen Mandeville is founder and director of

Niel Rosen teaches professionalism, ethics, and medical humanities at Rowan University School of Osteopathic Medicine in Stratford, New Jersey, and is passionate about helping people have fruitful conversations and make good decisions about health care, especially near the end of life. He created a blog about the peculiar role of strip malls in South Jersey’s culinary culture, called Strip Mall Gastronomy. He would be happy to hear from classmates. Look him up on Facebook or LinkedIn.

IgniVox, a production company aiming to ignite social transformation through creative endeavor. She has produced community arts development events in the Lower East Side and South Bronx and curated site-specific events in New York City and Hudson Valley.

Please come back in May for your reunion. Your classmates and members of the reunion committee Lynn Behrendt, Tom Carroll, Kenny Kosakoff, and Janet Stetson look forward to seeing you. For more information, call 845-758-7089 or visit Kimberly Lyons moved back to Chicago after 34 years in New York City. Be assured that her press, Lunar Chandelier, will continue to publish books by artists, authors, and poets such as John Godfrey, Jerome Sala, Vyt Bakaitis, Sam Truitt, Joe Elliot, Gerrit Lansing, Lynn Behrendt, and Laurie Price. If you’re visiting the Windy City, give her a shout!

’75 K Webster sits on Manhattan Community Board 3 and is Sara Roosevelt Park Coalition’s president. Her writing includes op-eds, the Emmy-winning series We Are New York, CounterPunch (on David Bowie), and Park51 Islamic Center’s blog. She shows in the Toy Theater festival and was featured in Sisters in the Brotherhoods. K is the proud mother of Leland Elson.

’74 Mardi-Ellen Hill is busy with her fabulous team launching her global media platform MENDtm. Please visit her online at menduniversebuzz.word | Lisa Harris’s ’Geechee Girls won first place in fiction at the Author’s Zone Awards in Pittsburgh last year. Her novel Allegheny Dream was awarded a finalist status in the same competition.

’72 Jim Chevallier is a contributor to Savoring Gotham: A Food Lover’s Companion to New York City.

38 class notes

Please join your classmates at your reunion in May. For more information, call 845-758-7089 or visit

’69 ’76 40th Reunion: May 27–29, 2016


’81 35th Reunion: May 27–29, 2016

’71 45th Reunion: May 27–29, 2016

Ellen Giordano Cartledge was married on February 12, 2016, to Rodger Craig Janpol at the Town and County Club in Hartford, Connecticut. Rodger is a rock musician and retired IT executive. Ellen continues to work as the JETS Program Manager for Jewish Family Services of West Hartford and as a reference librarian at the Simsbury Public Library.

’67 Arlene Krebs is president of the board of directors of the Arts Council for Monterey County, California.

’66 50th Reunion: May 27–29, 2016 Please join your classmates at your reunion in May. For more information, call 845-758-7089 or visit

’61 55th Reunion: May 27–29, 2016 Please come back in May for your reunion. Your classmates and members of the reunion committee Charles Currey, Nina David, Emily Davidson, Eleanor Eisenberg, Marilyn Fish, Deanne Marein-Efron, and Jolyon Stern look forward to seeing you. For more information, call 845-758-7089 or visit

’56 60th Reunion: May 27–29, 2016 Please come back in May for your reunion. Your classmates and members of the reunion committee Miriam Roskin Berger and Joan Rosenblatt look forward to seeing you. For more information, call 845-758-7089 or visit

’51 65th Reunion: May 27–29, 2016 Please join your classmates at your reunion in May. For more information, call 845-758-7089 or visit

’46 70th Reunion: May 27–29, 2016 Please come back in May for your reunion. Your classmate and member of the reunion committee Charles Friou looks forward to seeing you. For more information, call 845-758-7089 or visit

Bard Center for Environmental Policy Wavetable


by Michael Ives, visiting assistant professor of the humanities

Brett McLeod is a professor and director of the natural resource department at Paul Smith’s College in the Adirondack Mountains of northern New York. Brett earned his Ph.D. from Antioch University New England and recently published his first book, The Woodland Homestead: How to Make Your Land More Productive and Live More Self-Sufficiently in the Woods (Storey Publishing). Brett enjoys working on his 25-acre, draft-powered farm.

dr. cicero books “His syntax is a house on fire, and like flames his words are hungry and quick, and leave nothing the same after they pass,” writes Asher B. Edelman Professor of Literature Robert Kelly of Ives’s witty and powerful poems.

Making Sense of Buddhist Art and Architecture by Patricia Eichenbaum Karetzky, Oskar Munsterberg Lecturer in Art History thames and hudson

Bard Graduate Center: Decorative Arts, Design History, Material Culture

This edition in the “Making Sense of...” series features 100 diverse works, including paintings, buildings, sculptures, manuscripts, mandalas, and more. Full-color photographic spreads are printed alongside


Karetzky’s concise exposition on each artifact’s particular historical,

Beatrice Thornton is research and provenance archivist at Marlborough Gallery in New York City. She plans to enroll part-time in the archives and records management certificate program at LIU’s Palmer School of Library Science.

religious, and philosophical significance.

The Last Illusion Porochista Khakpour, visiting writer in residence bloomsbury Based on a legend from the Book of Kings, a medieval Persian epic,


this novel is about an Iranian boy who, locked in a birdcage by his

Hadley Jensen gave a lecture, “Visualizing the American Southwest: The George H. Pepper Native American Archive,” at the Phoebe A. Hearst Museum of Anthropology at UC Berkeley.

demented mother, is eventually freed to come of age in postmillennial New York City.

Biodiversity Assessment Handbook for New York City by Erik Kiviat ’76 and Elizabeth Johnson


american museum of natural history

Sequoia Miller, a Ph.D. candidate at Yale, curated The Ceramic Presence in Modern Art: Selections from the Linda Leonard Schlenger Collection and the Yale University Art Gallery, which closed on January 3, 2015. The accompanying book features an essay by John Stuart Gordon ’04, Benjamin Attmore Hewitt Associate Curator of American Decorative Arts, Yale University Art Gallery.

New York City’s natural habitats support rare and common wildlife and flora. This online guide, which includes a contribution by Molly Williams BCEP ’08, addresses the complexities surrounding the conservation of the city’s green spaces and biodiversity.

Ken Okiishi: The Very Quick of the Word by Annie Godfrey Larmon CCS ’13; edited by Larmon and Alise Upitis sternberg press


Embodying texts and images, this collection of files includes Larmon’s

Jennifer Klos has left her position as curator at the Oklahoma City Museum of Art and has started an art advisory and interior design practice in Oklahoma and Texas. She entered the Inchbald School of Design in London last fall. | Ryan Reitmeyer is a partner in Carol Piper Rugs, a business in Houston and Dallas, Texas. He has been designing and manufacturing his own carpets and textiles and entered the exhibition Texas Design Now at Contemporary Arts Museum Houston. Six of his pieces—four carpets and two textiles—were chosen for the show; his were the only carpets featured in the exhibition.

master’s thesis on Ken Okiishi, text by Upitis on computing and translation, images from Okiishi’s ongoing series gesture/data, and a screenplay of Okiishi’s hit (Goodbye to) Manhattan.

In a Dark Wood: What Dante Taught Me about Grief, Healing, and the Mysteries of Love Joseph Luzzi, professor of comparative literature harpercollins This memoir—a critical insight into one of history’s greatest works of literature—follows a man’s descent into hell and back. Dante’s journey shepherds Luzzi through the Inferno of grief, the Purgatory of healing, and finally the Paradise of rediscovering love.

’06 Daniella Ohad has completed the first two films in a series connected to the course she teaches at

class notes 39

New York School of Interior Design. Available online, the films are Frank Lloyd Wright: Collecting Design and Charlotte Perriand: Collecting Design. At Design Miami on December 4, 2015, she presented a talk, “Connoisseurship: Great Design Collectors, Then and Now,” with design historian David Netto. | Maria Perers has been working as a curator of decorative arts and design at the Nationalmuseum in Stockholm.

’05 Jeannie Ingram is associate director of fellows and membership, division of institutional advancement, Harvard Art Museums. A founding member of the Bard Graduate Center Boston Alumni Chapter, she hosted its first event at the Harvard Art Museums in May. | Stephanie Post is the senior digital asset specialist at the Metropolitan Museum of Art.

’04 Brandy Culp, curator at Historic Charleston Foundation, organized the exhibition An Eye for Opulence: Charleston through the Lens of the Rivers Collection. It was on view at the Society of the Four Arts in Palm Beach, Florida, from November 20, 2015, to January 10, 2016. | Mary Dohne is director of Liz O’Brien Gallery in New York City. | Jennifer Scanlan and Ezra Shales (Ph.D. ’07) led alumni/ae on a tour of an exhibition they curated at the Museum of Arts and Design, Pathmakers: Women in Art, Craft, and Design, Midcentury and Today. Barbara Paris Gifford, curatorial assistant, followed with a tour of Ralph Pucci: The Art of the Mannequin. Jennifer’s latest exhibition, which opened in early 2016 at the Dorsky Museum, SUNY New Paltz, is called Design for You.

uate seminar and was an undergraduate lecturer last spring in the School of Fine Arts at Virginia Commonwealth University, where she was the second-ever craft history and theory teaching fellow. | Deborah Miller is a clothing/couture and textile appraiser specializing in charitable contributions and high-net value estates. She has been an Antiques Roadshow appraiser since 2010. | Constantine Ramantanin consults for private clients on art and interior design projects and is an adjunct professor in the Art History Department at the University of South Carolina at Spartanburg. He recently started a business staging houses for the local real estate market.

’99 Brian Gallagher is curator of decorative arts at the Mint Museum in Charlotte, North Carolina. | Judith Gura’s book, Interior Landmarks: Treasures of New York, will be published by Monacelli in September 2016. Relating the stories behind 47 of the 117 designated landmark interiors in all five boroughs of New York City, the book grew out of the spring 2015 exhibition, Rescued, Restored, Reimagined: New York’s Landmark Interiors, at the New York School of Interior Design.

Carolina, on view from February 2 – June 5, 2016.

| Maria Montero Sierra worked on several projects during 2015. She assisted the live and film programs in the curatorial department at Tate Modern in London, where she worked closely on Manon de Boer’s film screening and Michael Smith’s overview, as well as participated in the production of BMW Tate Live 2015: Performance Room.

’12 Anastasia Rygle was named associate curator at the Contemporary Jewish Museum, San Francisco. Prior to relocating, she curated the exhibition Brigid Berlin: It’s All About Me for Invisible-Exports, New York City, and coedited two monographs, Billy Name: The Silver Age and Brigid Berlin: Polaroids, published by Reel Art Press, London. | Throughout 2015, Amy Zion was assistant curator of the Danish Pavilion at the 56th Venice Biennale and worked simultaneously on Slip of the Tongue at Punta della Dogana in Venice with artist and curator Danh Vo. In July 2015, Amy curated a solo exhibition by emerging artist Rasmus Rohling at Sismografo in Porto, Portugal, and recently ended her eight-year tenure as associate editor at Fillip.

’09 ’96 Marianne Poutasse lives in the Berkshires and is an interior design associate with Alberti Design Studio. Her book, The Power of Place: Herman Melville in the Berkshires, was published last year by the Berkshire Historical Society.

Jess Wilcox has been hired by Socrates Sculpture Park, in Long Island City, Queens, as its director of exhibitions. Wilcox has spent the past four and a half years at the Brooklyn Museum, where she was program coordinator of the Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art. There, she organized the Women in the Arts lectures, alongside Judy Chicago’s 2014 public work A Butterfly for Brooklyn.

Center for Curatorial Studies ’07



Sheena Brown is deputy director, art and antiquities for the New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. | Marlyn Musicant is senior exhibitions coordinator at the Getty Research Institute. | Scott Perkins is director of preservation at Frank Lloyd Wright’s Fallingwater near Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. | Patrick Sheehan has worked at Sotheby’s and Christie’s and is currently vice president and lead appraiser/advisor at Gurr Johns International, a British-based art advisory and appraisal firm. He is a certified member of the Appraisers Association of America.

Lee Foley was recently appointed as the director of Martos Gallery in Los Angeles, California. | Elizabeth Larison became the assistant programs director at apexart in New York City.

’00 Christian Carr received her Ph.D. in art history from Virginia Commonwealth University and is now professor of art history at Savannah College of Art and Design. She specializes in the art, architecture, and decorative arts of the 19th century and museum studies. | Caroline Hannah taught a grad-

40 class notes

In addition to working as a curatorial assistant at Art in General in Brooklyn, Lindsey Berfond joined the Queens Museum as a guest curator of the Queens International 2016. The exhibition opened on April 10, 2016.

Chen Tamir was listed by ArtSlant as one of 15 curators to watch in 2015 and by artnet as one of 25 women curators on the rise. A project surveying four decades of video art from Israel that she’s been organizing on behalf of Artis premiered at the New Museum in New York in February 2016. | Emily Zimmerman is the associate curator of programs at the Henry Art Gallery at the University of Washington in Seattle, Washington. She worked on an exhibition with architect Keller Easterling, Gift City, which is on view at the Henry from January 23 – April 24, 2016.



The former graduate program coordinator at CCS Bard, Sarah Higgins, joined the Zuckerman Museum of Art at Kennesaw State University in October as curator. In addition, Higgins and Cora Fisher cocurated the exhibition The Future We Remember at the Southeastern Center for Contemporary Art in Winston-Salem, North

Cassandra Coblentz is director of public engagement at the Orange County Museum of Art in Newport Beach, California.


’01 Linda Park is working in programs and development with the Classical American Homes

Preservation Trust and the Richard Hampton Jenrette Foundation in New York City.

Masters and Servants by Pierre Michon, translated from the French by Wyatt Mason, writer in residence

Graduate Vocal Arts Program

yale university press This collection of novellas delves into the creative relationship between

’17 Sophia Burgos performed with the American Symphony Orchestra under the direction of Leon Botstein. She sang Henri Dutilleux’s Correspondances in Carnegie Hall in a program that included works by Gunther Schuller, Nico Muhly, and Richard Strauss.

model and artist by evoking pivotal moments in the lives of five great painters: Vincent van Gogh, Francisco Goya, Antoine Watteau, Claude Lorrain, and Lorentino, a disciple of Piero della Francesca.

American Justice 2015: The Dramatic Tenth Term of the Roberts Court by Steven V. Mazie, political science and social studies faculty, BHSEC



Abigail Levis placed third in the Wilhelm Stenhammar (Sweden) and James Toland Vocal Arts (California) competitions and second in the Luis Mariano song competition (Spain), made the semifinals of both the Hans Gabor Belvedere competition and Placido Domingo’s Operalia, and was a finalist in the Cesti Baroque Competition (Austria). She will join the Domingo-Colburn-Stein Young Artists Program at Los Angeles Opera and in November will return to Utah Symphony for the title role in Ravel’s L’Enfant et les sortilèges. Abigail will also return to Utah Opera in May for their production of Le nozze di Figaro.

university of pennsylvania press Mazie, Supreme Court correspondent for The Economist, examines the past term’s 14 most important and controversial cases—from marriage equality to the Affordable Care Act—and contends the Court was less ideologically divided than most observers presume.

The Ottoman Endgame: War, Revolution, and the Making of the Modern Middle East, 1908–1923 by Sean McMeekin, professor of historical and political studies penguin press Based on research in newly opened Ottoman and Russian archives, McMeekin’s retelling of 20th-century history and the strategic “wars of the Ottoman succession” sheds new light on our understanding of World War I and the contemporary Middle East.

Master of Arts in Teaching

Design for Repair: Things Can Be Fixed by Derrick Mead ’03

’05 Joe Vallese ’04, MAT ’05, site director and faculty member for the Bard Prison Initiative, married Alex Servello in Pearl River, New York, in December 2015. In attendance were those pictured below and Tom Cannavino ’04, Keelin Roche ’04, Kendall Serota ’04, Savannah Cooper-Ramsey ’04, Frances Schamberg, Raluca Albu ’06, Alessandra Merrill ’06, and mentors Mary Caponegro ’78 and Susan Fox Rogers.

cooper-hewitt designfile Mead investigates the historical and current state of repairable products and implications for personal agency, macro- and microeconomics, and the environment. He explores economic, technical, and psychological limitations to making objects, such as an electric toaster, more repairable.

Peiresc’s Mediterranean World by Peter N. Miller, dean of the Bard Graduate Center harvard university press Surveying the 70,000-page archive of French intellectual Nicolas Fabri de Peiresc (1580–1637), Miller recovers a lost Mediterranean world dominated by the sea, and a web of connections linking the bustling port city of Marseille to the world beyond.

Trees on Mars: Our Obsession with the Future by Hal Niedzviecki MFA ’97 seven stories press When did we start believing that we could and should “create the future”? Niedzviecki examines how owning the future has become irresistible and what it means to live in a society utterly focused on what will happen next. Left to right, Martha Hart ’05; Sarah Goffman ’04, MAT ’05; Joe Vallese ’04, MAT ’05; Hunter McClamrock ’04; and Suzanne Richardson ’05. Photo: China Jorrin ’86

class notes 41

Milton Avery Graduate School of the Arts ’18 In January 2016, Cammisa Buerhaus released her collaborative vinyl debut, YUU, with saxophonist/sculptor Tamio Shiraishi, fusing “handmade sound, free noise, and tone poetry.” | Ian Cooper’s solo exhibition at Halsey McKay Gallery in East

Hampton, New York, was featured in the Artforum “Critics’ Picks” with a review by Alex Jovanovich in October 2015.

’46 ’15 Zach Layton received 2016 project support from the Foundation for Contemporary Arts, founded by Jasper Johns and John Cage, for his work producing photograms as traces of sound-modulated laser beams.

’14 Layli Long Soldier is a recipient of the 2015 Lannan Literary Fellowship for Poetry as well as the 2015 Native Arts and Culture National Artist Fellowship. Her manuscript, WHEREAS, will be published by Graywolf Press in 2017. | Sarah Magenheimer and Martine Syms ’18 were listed in the article “20 Emerging Female Artists to Keep on Your Radar” in the artnet News of December 2015. | Ben Vida and Cecilia Lopez ’16 headlined this year’s New Ear Festival, January 6–12, 2016, at the Fridman Gallery, joining Bard MFA faculty Marina Rosenfeld, Malik Gaines, and Byron Westbrook.

’09 K8 Hardy’s debut feature film, Outfitumentary, premiered at the Rotterdam International Film Festival in January 2016. Ian Cooper MFA ’18 photo Courtesy of Halsey McKay Gallery

’05 Guillermo E. Brown was recently awarded support for 2016 projects from Creative Capitol for Bee Boy, an experimental music performance using Alexander Pushkin’s poem turned RimskyKorsakov opera, The Tale of Tsar Saltan, as a narrative jumping-off point. This story of transformation addresses contemporary issues of sustainable ecosystems and human rights.

In Memoriam Marina Rosenfield and Ben Vida MFA ’14 photo Naroa Lizar, courtesy of Fridman Gallery

Guillermo E. Brown MFA ’05 photo Ibra Aake and Wangechi Mutu

42 class notes

children Martin and Diane; stepdaughter Babeth; and grandsons Julien and Xavier.

’44 Harold Lubell, 90, died on December 29, 2015. He attended Bard on a cello scholarship, and earned a doctor of philosophy in economics from Harvard University in 1953. After World War II, he worked on the U.S. Marshall Plan in Paris, where he met his wife, Claudie. An economist, he was employed by several government and nongovernmental organizations, including the U.S. Federal Reserve, Rand Corporation, U.S. Agency for International Development, and International Labor Organization. His greatest joy in life, however, was playing the cello in chamber orchestras and quartets. His wife predeceased him. Survivors include

James M. Pines, 89, lawyer, economist, and international development consultant, died on January 10, 2016, in Chevy Chase, Maryland. A native of Peekskill, New York, Pines received a master’s degree from Harvard and a law degree from Yale. After practicing law for 10 years, he entered the newly formed Peace Corps in Guayaquil, Ecuador, consulting on nutrition, food aid, and program evaluation in more than 60 countries. He was an avid amateur musician, reader, walker, traveler, and collector of sheet music. Survivors include his companion of 30 years, Janet; his former wife, Caryl; sisters Joanne and Doris; children Eve and Roger; and two grandchildren.

’49 Ann Taylor Boyd, 88, journalist, singer, piano player, volunteer, and mother of five, died on December 21, 2015. An accomplished singer, Boyd became a music production assistant at Dumont Studios, working on The Jackie Gleason Show, among others, and where she met her future husband, Scudder. Boyd was active in community organizations, and sang and acted in local shows. She was arts editor for the Greenwich Times in the late 1960s and ’70s, and also cofounded Enterprizes Caterers and Party Consultants. She was predeceased by her husband and her son, William. Survivors include three sons, John, Jeffery, and Walter; a daughter, Ann; and 11 grandchildren.

’53 Wallace “Wally” Jackson died on November 29, 2015. He was professor emeritus of English at Duke University, where he taught for more than 35 years. Jackson was a popular and revered teacher, publishing three books and numerous articles. Originally from New York City, he was the only child of traveling performers in the vaudeville and burlesque traditions of the 1920s and ’30s. He was the first person in his family to attend college, receiving degrees from Brandeis University and the University of Pennsylvania, in addition to Bard. He was a respected scholar of William Blake and Alexander Pope, among other 18th-century poets. He was also a lifelong student and published critic of painting and cinema. He is survived by a daughter, Laura, and his partner, Waltraud Bernstein.

’56 Reva M. Sanders died on February 2, 2016. She was born in Brooklyn, and after marriage and the birth of

two daughters, she earned her master’s degree in education from Brooklyn College, and taught in New York City schools for 30 years. A devoted, indefatigable force, she influenced the lives of hundreds of students. After retiring, she volunteered at the New-York Historical Society and Museum of the City of New York, and served on the Board of Governors of the Bard College Alumni/ae Association. To each endeavor she brought sharp wit, honest opinions, and profound wisdom. She is survived by her husband, Gilbert; two daughters, Diana and Jill; and three grandchildren.

Peggy Guggenheim: The Shock of the Modern Francine Prose, Distinguished Writer in Residence yale university press Renowned art patron Peggy Guggenheim was a defiantly uncompromising woman who maintained influence in a maledominated and anti-Semitic world. Prose explores Guggenheim’s life as a champion of paradigm-shifting artists as well as a bohemian with a proclivity to shock.

The Compensation Committee Handbook, 4th edition by James F. Reda, Stewart Reifler ’79, Michael L. Stevens



Jon Wing Lum died on December 18, 2015. He grew up in New York City’s Chinatown, getting into trouble and playing pickup ball on its concrete courts. After studying sculpture at Bard, he traveled the world and found his future family in Cuernavaca, Mexico. He was passionate, kindhearted, devoted to his family, and a maverick filmmaker—a free spirit who played by his own set of rules. Lum apprenticed with the editor of Fritz Lang’s 1931 masterpiece M. The first film he produced was short-listed for an Academy Award. Lum created Wing Productions in 1958, and was a pioneer in the field of documentary filmmaking, committed to giving voice to those who could not speak for themselves. For years he mentored young filmmakers as an associate professor at Philadelphia College of Art. He is survived by his wife, three children, and four grandchildren.

This resource for compensation committees of both public and private

’58 Gay (Scherk) Nilson, 80, died on August 23, 2015. Born in Berlin, Nilson came to the United States at age one with her parents. She initially worked for Macmillan Publishing in New York City. She retired from publishing, raised her son, and worked at Darien High School, Connecticut. She loved her home, garden, and volunteering. She is survived by her husband of 49 years, Alvin; son Scott; and grandson Henrik (Henry).

companies provides a comprehensive review of such complex issues as organizing and planning, and provides best-practices tips. It addresses functional concerns arising from revised executive compensation disclosure regulations.

The Softest Part of a Woman Is a Wound by Suzanne Richardson ’05 finishing line press Richardson’s poems focus on images of the female (“sex and anger and fruit and mold and plants and hair”) and on travel across the country— evoking varying coastlines to contrast setting, subject, and theme.

The Other Paris by Luc Sante, visiting professor of writing and photography farrar, straus and giroux Drawn from sources including Balzac, Hugo, réaliste singers, and pamphleteers, and illustrated with more than 300 photos, Sante captures the labor conditions, prostitution, drinking, crime, and popular entertainment of the bohemians, tramps, and poets to whom Paris once belonged.

Whispering in a Mad Dog’s Ear by Rick Smith ’65 lummox press Jazz musicians, gunmen’s targets, adulterous couples, and suicides are among Smith’s poetic subjects. Evoking a distinctly American sense of space and loneliness, he writes: “We study freight schedules / bus routes / blue highways / mountain trails / we know / how to get out

’65 George Platt Lynes II served in the U.S. Army and was a firefighter with the U.S. Forest Service. He was an avid golfer, and had a United States Golf Association–recognized hole-in-one. He is survived by his wife of 47 years, Jane; his son, Josh; sister Elizabeth; and extended family.

of town.”

That Winter the Wolf Came by Juliana Spahr ’88 commune editions Spahr’s most recent collection of poems is fueled by feminist and celebratory energy. Its ferment is found at the intersection of ecological and economic catastrophe, amid street protests, shattered windows,


tear-gas canisters, oil spills, and austerity measures.

Martin Burman, 69, of Manhattan and Rockaway, died suddenly in September 2015. He was a musician, songwriter, and teacher who taught at Brearley School and Collegiate School, both in Manhattan. He had several recording and song-

class notes 43

writing credits for movies and television, including PBS. Survivors include his wife, Linda; sister Ruth; and stepson Jason.

’67 Gary Winkel-Towns died on November 5, 2014, in Buffalo. He lived in Manhattan, working as an addiction counselor and marketer for the Parallax Treatment Center, an outpatient program. Survivors include his wife, Brandy; two sons, Matthew and Andrew; and many Bard friends.

’72 Lynn Wilber, 64, died in Virginia after a long illness. She worked in advertising for many years, and her personality and intelligence always shone through. She remembered fondly her time at Bard, and the physical beauty of the Hudson Valley. She leaves behind her companion, Rick Hanson; many friends; and a legacy of love and laughter.

’73 Eugenie “Ersy” Chavanna Schwartz, 64, died on December 30, 2015, in New Orleans. An artist and sculptor, Schwartz left an indelible mark on students who recall her as an extraordinary presence both for her technical virtuosity and her uncompromising, fearless personality. Schwartz’s childhood home was the historic Pontalba building in the French Quarter. She was apprentice to legendary New Orleans sculptor Enrique Alférez in Morelia, Mexico. In 1982, she joined the faculty of Cooper Union, New York City, where she shared her moldmaking, bronze-casting, and carpentry techniques with students for 17 years. Her monumental bronze gates, made in collaboration with artist George Dureau in 1993, guard the eastern entrance to the New Orleans Museum of Art.

’75 Stephen Paul Maslen, 61, of Upperco, Maryland, died on December 28, 2014. He was born in Lakewood, Ohio. After attending Bard, he earned a B.A. in English literature from Johns Hopkins University in 1978 and an M.S. in forest management from Duke University in 1981. Maslen worked as the Baltimore City watershed forester before starting Parkton Woodland Services, a forestry consulting business. He was a woodsman, philosopher, and lover of books and music. He is survived by his children, Gabriel and Lillian; sister Catherine; brother Eric; and his father, Stephen.

physics from Boston University in 1985. He worked as an engineer at Brookhaven National Laboratory, served as chief scientist at Parallel Processors, Flamingo Graphics, and Megaware in the Boston area, and was vice president of engineering at C2C in Indianapolis. He also coauthored The Encyclopedia of Graphics File Formats, 1994, a popular reference book for programmers. He is survived by his brother, Daniel, and sister Melanie.

’83 Migdalia “Mikki” Gaschler, 54, of New Windsor, New York, a sales representative for Verizon Wireless and a lifelong resident of the area, died on January 22, 2014, in Newburgh, New York. Gaschler is survived by her children, Leticia and Elizabeth; her sister, Malinda; two brothers, Hector and Carlos; and several nieces and nephews.

’04 Anne “Annie” Nicole Shapiro died on January 7, 2016, in Mendocino County, California. She was an artist, calligrapher, writer, and poet. Shapiro traveled throughout China to study calligraphy, Chinese culture, and Mandarin. She lived in Seoul, South Korea, for three years, where she served as an editor and reporter for the Korea Times, and taught English at Dongguk University. She moved to Northern California and worked as a reading coach in public schools, volunteered in several capacities, and sang and performed with the Mendocino Women’s Choir. She studied dharma and practiced Buddhist meditation. Shapiro is survived by her sister, Laura; parents Lois and Barry; grandparents Natalie and Marshall; and grandmother Ruth; as well as aunts, uncles, and cousins.

’09 Paris Alexander Ionescu, 28, died on December 19, 2015. After studying art history at Bard, Ionescu worked for Artforum and Artnet, and studied media philosophy at the European Graduate School in Saas-Fee, Switzerland. Gentle, kindhearted, compassionate, and enormously gifted, his passions included philosophy and rock climbing. In a eulogy, his friend Jonathan Sutak ’09 described him as “the most complex, impressive individual I ever met. It feels inconceivable to analyze him, and superfluous to praise him. The moments that defined him were so subtle, or so out there, that they’re difficult to put into words. . . . In true Paris fashion, the pain of his absence will be abruptly eclipsed—by the irrepressible appreciation of having been his friend.”

’81 William John vanRiper, 64, died on November 4, 2015, at his home in Colfax, California. While at Bard, he played bass in a jazz trio and recorded with various groups. VanRiper received his M.S. in

44 class notes

’11 George Glikerdas, 26, died on Friday, October 9, 2015. Born in Lakewood, New Jersey, Glikerdas lived in Belle Mead, New Jersey, before moving to

Bridgewater, New Jersey, in 2015. He was a 2007 graduate of Montgomery High School and was in the marching band and jazz band. He studied music composition at Bard, and worked for the ARC of Somerset County, where he was an employment counselor. He is survived by his parents, Pete and Kiki, and sister Stacy.

Faculty Robert Koblitz, 94, professor emeritus of political studies, died on February 17, 2016, at his home in Eastham, Massachusetts. After getting his Ph.D. from Harvard on the GI Bill, Koblitz joined Bard in 1951. He taught a range of subjects, from constitutional law to the principles of democracy, until his retirement in 1986. He was named Honorary Hungarian College Dean by the 323 Hungarian refugee students who studied at Bard from 1956 to 1957. He also received two Fulbright Fellowships to teach in India and Japan. The Robert Koblitz Human Rights Award was established in 1987 by his former students. He was predeceased by his wife of 62 years, Minnie “Min,” in 2007. Survivors include his children, Neal, Ellen, and Donald; five grandchildren; and two great-grandchildren.

Staff Harold L. “Bud” Hodgkinson, 85, died on March 4, 2016. A writer and analyst of demographics and education, he served as dean of Bard College from 1962 to 1968, and went on to have a distinguished career in research and higher education. Born in Minneapolis, he earned a bachelor’s degree from the University of Minnesota, a master’s degree from Wesleyan University, and a doctorate in education from Harvard University. In 1974, he was appointed director of the U.S. National Institute of Education by President Gerald Ford. He authored 12 books, three of which received national awards, and hundreds of articles. He was the editor of several journals, and received 12 honorary degrees. In 1989, he was awarded the title of Distinguished Lecturer by the National Science Foundation. At Bard, he emphasized individual instruction and the pedagogical strategy associated with John Dewey. Survivors include his wife of 35 years, Virginia Ann Hodgkinson, and many family members. Andy McCabe, 54, men’s soccer coach, died suddenly on April 1, 2016. McCabe graduated in 1983 from Middlebury College, where, for eight seasons, he was assistant coach in charge of recruiting. He joined Bard in 2013. In fall 2015, he was named the Liberty League (shared with Assistant Coach Brandon Jackson) and ECAC (Eastern College Athletic Conference) Division III Upstate Coach of

the Year. Under his stewardship, the Raptors posted a seven-win season, their highest total since joining the Liberty League in 2011. Educators, friends, and coaches nationwide respected him for his strength of character, passion for education, and love of the game. “I came to Bard thinking I knew everything there was to know about soccer,” said Austin Higgins ’17, a team captain. “Coach quickly proved me wrong. He taught me so much more than just soccer.” McCabe loved books and music, ran political campaigns, was a wine expert, and fished with his children in Montana. “He never stopped finding ways to help students and the Bard community,” said Bard Athletic Director Kris Hall. Survivors include his children Jane, Shaw, and Duncan; their mother, Monica Carroll; and siblings Geoffrey, Matt, John, Meredith, and Jacqueline.

Russian Decorative Arts by Cynthia Coleman Sparke BGC ’01 antique collectors club Since the Soviet Union’s collapse, Russians are eager to repatriate lost objects of pre-Revolutionary decorative arts. This guide offers illustrated chapters introducing techniques, characteristics, and makers of Fabergé, jewelry, woodwork, glass, porcelain, and metalwork of the Tsarist era.

The Garden: Synthetic Environment for Analysis and Simulation by Ed Steck MFA ’12 ugly duckling presse Composed from military intelligence text, Steck’s garden—“a fictionalized setting for actual event in a synthetic environment”—is a complex reflection on the cultural brain damage inflicted by the codification of war and violence in our language and thought.

Friends Hou Hsiao-hsien Nancy Morgan Griffiths, 77, widow of Richard D. “Dick” Griffiths, former Red Hook town and village justice and longtime director of buildings and grounds at Bard, died on January 12, 2016. A registered nurse who trained in Utica, New York, she served as the College nurse for many years. She loved bowling, animals, quilting, and cross-stitching. Griffiths moved with her husband to Bard in 1961. She and her husband endowed the Richard D. and Nancy M. Griffiths Scholarship for undergraduates who show appreciation for the Bard campus and an interest in environmental matters. Survivors include a daughter, Brenda; son David; grandchildren Dylan, Kristina, and Roman; a sister, Donna; and a brother, Edward; as well as many nieces and nephews.

edited by Richard I. Suchenski, assistant professor of film and electronic arts columbia university press Released in conjunction with a film retrospective organized by Suchenski, this volume of interviews, production documents, and contributions from scholars, filmmakers, and critics explores the stylistic originality and historical gravity of Hou Hsiao-hsien, the most important Taiwanese filmmaker working today.

Big Bossman by Peter Ullian MAT ’16 broadway play publishing inc. In Ullian’s play, two brothers, Ray and Billy, live with an aging drunk father and overworked sister and desperately need their new job with the local crime boss. But when Billy brings home a Russian prostitute, Big Bossman comes looking.

Robert Freeman Weis, 96, died on October 19, 2015, in New York City. He graduated from Yale University in 1941, and was drafted into the U.S. Army. He was assigned to the U.S. Army Air Force officer training program, attaining the rank of captain. He began packing groceries for his father’s retail chain, Weis Markets, and went on to run 165 stores. He and his wife, Patricia Ross Weis ’52, supported many projects and causes, including Bard College, where his wife is on the Board of Trustees. After the Chernobyl disaster in 1986, Weis sponsored a flight of Jewish survivors who immigrated to Israel. Weis once accompanied former Israeli Prime Minister Golda Meir on a helicopter flight over the Sinai Desert. In addition to his wife of 57 years, survivors include his children, Jennifer, Colleen, and Jonathan; grandchildren Harrison, Annabel, Caitlin, Jacob, Dayssi, Felix, Allison, and Lara; and a sister, Ellen.

The Gender of Piety: Family, Faith, and Colonial Rule in Matabeleland, Zimbabwe by Wendy Urban-Mead, associate professor of history, MAT Program ohio university press Using extensive oral histories as research, Urban-Mead investigates the lives of both men and women to offer a gendered interpretation of the complex relationship between the church and broader social change in this region of southern Africa.

Analogs of Eden Kit Wienert ’73 white dot press In this collection of poetry, Wienert writes, “I put every thing that resembles” or “reminds me of Eden.” He created poems “to build a rustic abode of thought and abide by its picture window with a big view of what’s new.”

class notes 45

HONOR ROLL OF DONORS JULY 1, 2014 – JUNE 30, 2015 Dear Alumni/ae, Parents, and Friends, I would like to express the gratitude of Bard College to all the individuals and foundations who have made gifts to Bard this year. The philanthropy we received this year has made many things possible. They include the purchase of Montgomery Place from Historic Hudson Valley, creating a unified 1,000-acre campus; a $2 million grant from The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation to launch our innovative master of music degree program in curatorial, critical, and performance – N); and a $500,000 grant from New York State’s studies and its resultant ensemble, The Orchestra Now (TO Higher  Education  Capital Matching Grant Program to create a new Visible Collections Storage and Living Archive at the Center for Curatorial  Studies  (CCS Bard) (see page 22). During the coming year, we will close the 150th Anniversary Campaign that was started in 2008, having raised $509,125,967 to date. In the past fiscal year, we had a 10 percent increase in the number of donors from the previous year and raised a total of $61,555,215. That is a remarkable feat for a college of our size and reflects our ambitions, our self-reliance, our imagination, and our commitment to not only transforming the landscape of Bard College in Annandale but also transforming the significance of a contemporary education in the liberal arts and sciences. Bard gratefully acknowledges the support provided by individual donors, alumni/ae, organizations, students, families, friends, foundations, faculty, staff, and our devoted Board of Trustees. This year Bard received more applications than ever before, from all over the country and more than 60 nations. The quality of those applicants is extraordinary and we compete successfully with our peer institutions, even though we do not have a large endowment and give no merit aid. Bard is different, and perhaps better, and the student population knows it. This is in part the result of the character of our curriculum, the distinction of our faculty, the seven Bard Early College programs around the country, our international work, the Bard Prison Initiative, and our prominence in the arts. Two-thirds of our student body receives some form of financial aid at a cost of approximately $44 million, making financial aid the largest annual budget item. To maintain our ability to attract, finance, and educate a diverse student body that is committed to the pursuit of inquiry and to the intersection of the language, thought, and action necessary to improve the human condition, we need to increase our endowment. This is our greatest challenge and our most important goal. Over the next five years we must not only continue to raise the kind of annual support represented here but create an endowment of $400 million for the undergraduate College. I hope all members of the Bard community will join me in supporting our endowment campaign. I thank you for your loyal support of Bard College. Cordially,

Leon Botstein President

46 honor roll of donors

Donors by Giving Societies

Denise S. Simon and Paulo Vieiradacunha + Gregory Soros + Alison M. and James A. von Klemperer + Mr. and Mrs. Stanley Weiss Laura-Lee Woods

Coronam Vitae $1,000,000+ Stanley Buchthal and Maja Hoffmann + Emily H. Fisher and John Alexander + Pamela and George F. Hamel Jr. + Marieluise Hessel and Edwin L. Artzt + Estate of Murray Liebowitz + Lynda and Stewart Resnick + Martin T. and Toni Sosnoff + Susan Weber +

Fellow $25,000–49,999 Anonymous (3) + Roland Augustine + Janice L. and Matthew R. Barger Helen ‘48 and Robert L. Bernstein + Dr. Leon Botstein and Barbara Haskell + Amy Cappellazzo + Jennifer and Jonathan H. Cohen + Gale and Shelby Davis + Mitzi and Warren Eisenberg + Carla Emil and Rich Silverstein Jacob Grossberg* and Diane Sisson Baldwin ‘66 Michael D. Haddad + George F. Hamel III ‘08 + Louis Kahn Geraldine and Kit Laybourne + Macwhirr Mr. and Mrs. Stephen Mandel Jr. Pamela Mensch Irene* and Bernard L. Schwartz + Lisa and Bernard Selz + Judy and Michael H. Steinhardt Lisa Stern + Mildred Weissman Deedee and Barrie Wigmore Richard W. Wortham III +

President’s Circle $500,000–999,999 Dr. László Z. Bitó ’60 and Olivia Cariño + Estate of Prof. William Weaver Founder’s Circle $100,000–499,999 Anonymous (5) + Helen and Roger Alcaly + Leon D. and Debra R. Black Hon. Anne Cox Chambers + Estate of E. Livingston Coster ‘54 Estate of John A. Dierdorff + Paul S. and Susan Efron + Jeanne Donovan Fisher + Andrew and Barbara Gundlach Marguerite S. Hoffman + Emily Tow Jackson Estate of Stanley Kasparek Cynthia Hirsch Levy ‘65 + Robert W. Lourie Vincent McGee Estate of Marie McWilliams Wendy Neu Mr. and Mrs. James H. Ottaway Jr. + Donald Shea Marilyn and Jim Simons + Robert Soros + Prof. Alan N. Sussman + Felicitas S. Thorne + Leonard Tow Scholar’s Circle $50,000–99,999 Anonymous (1) Carolyn Marks Blackwood + Alexandre and Lori Chemla + Andrea S. and Eric Colombel Winnie Holzman and Paul Dooley Martin and Rebecca Eisenberg + Robert S. Epstein ‘63 and Esta Epstein Glenn Fuhrman Katherine Gould-Martin and Robert L. Martin + Charles and Laurence Heilbronn + Winnie Holzman and Paul Dooley Audrey M. Irmas + Mr. and Mrs. George A. Kellner + Dr. Barbara Kenner + Nancy A. Marks Karen Ranucci and Michael Ratner + David E. Schwab II ‘52 and Ruth Schwartz Schwab ‘52 +

Tewksbury Roundtable $10,000–24,999 Anonymous (3) Ellen and Kenneth Aidekman + Fiona Angelini and Jamie Welch Anthony Barrett and Donna Landa + John C. and Julia P. Begley + Roger Berkowitz and Jenny Lyn Bader + Sybil B. Bernstein + Cornelia S. Bessie + Phillip S. Block and Judith B. Ivry Michael R. Bloomberg Christopher W. Brody Mark E. Brossman and Diane Rosen March Avery Cavanaugh and Philip G. Cavanaugh Michelle R. Clayman + Stanley Cohen George L. Condo Joan Curran Alicia Davis and Steve Ellis Michael J. Del Giudice and Jaynne Keyes Beth Rudin DeWoody + Drs. John Dunne and Jenifer Lloyd + Robert and Jean Elliott + Elizabeth W. Ely ‘65 and Jonathan K. Greenburg + Deborah B. and Philip D. English + Cornelia Erpf-Forsman ‘90 Britton and Melina Fisher Catherine C. Fisher Estate of Richard B. Fisher + S. Asher Gelman ‘06 + Anne and Nick Germanacos Barbara Gladstone

+ Donor has given for three or more consecutive fiscal years


Robert A. Goldfarb ‘59 + Eric Warren Goldman ‘98 + Carlos Gonzalez and Katherine Stewart James and Nancy Grosfeld + Barbara S. Grossman ‘73 and Michael Gross + Matthew M. Guerreiro and Christina Mohr + Geoffrey and Sarah Gund + Amy and Ronald Guttman Dean Hachamovitch and Joan Morse Theodore Hepp Michele L. Hertz ‘81 and Lawrence B. Friedman + Thomas Hesse and Gwendolyn Bellmann Susan Hirschhorn and Arthur Klebanoff David Hyman ‘11 Elizabeth S. Jackson Linda K. Jacobs Ph.D. Belinda and Stephen Kaye + Gayle Kelmenson Susan and Roger Kennedy + Estate of Richard F. Koch ‘40 + Edna and Gary Lachmund + Leonard A. Lauder + Dr. Nancy Leonard and Dr. Lawrence Kramer + Dominique Levy Jennifer and Marc Lipschultz + Doris J. Lockhart Prof. and Mrs. Mark Lytle + Amy and Thomas O. Maggs + Constance McPhee + Martin L. and Lucy Miller Murray + Barbara Nessim and Jules Demchick Roger Netzer and Francie Campbell + Martha J. Olson + Barbro S. and Bernard A. Osher D. Miles Price + Carol and Joseph Reich Stanley A. ‘65 and Elaine Reichel + Dr. Andrew Romay + Prof. Justus Rosenberg Gregg and Monique Seibert + William S. ‘68 and Claire E. Sherman + Lewis J. Silvers Jr. ‘50 Stephen Simcock Rt. Rev. Mark S. Sisk + Melissa Schiff Soros + Charles P. Stevenson Jr. and Alexandra Kuczynski + Michael Ward Stout Vesna Straser ‘95 and Brandon K. Weber ‘97 + Daniel W. Stroock Alice J. Tenney and Bernard Wiesenberg + Beth Uffner + Illiana van Meeteren + Margo and Anthony Viscusi + Millie and Robert Wise + Stephen M. Wolf + Eric Wong + Robin M. Wright and Ian Reeves Warden’s Society $5,000–9,999 Anonymous (7)+ Dr. Penny Axelrod ‘63 and Dr. Jerome Haller + Maria A. Baird and George J. Cotsirilos + Lilly Bechtel ‘09

John Bard Society members’ names are bolded



Lawrence B. Benenson Marshall S. Berland and John E. Johnson + Thomas R. Berner Esq. + Nancy Bernstein and Robert Schoen Jack A. Blum ‘62 + Anne Donovan Bodnar and James L. Bodnar David G. Brooks and Patricia C. Lambert Gavin Brown Iris Cantor Lyle Casriel + Susan Chadick and Robert Weiss Carla Chammas Dave and Barbara Chase + Noah T. Coleman ‘92 Estate of William B. Coleman Andrew F. Corrigan ‘00 and Jennifer Macksoud ‘99 + Ellen C. Curtis Joan K. Davidson + Steven M. Dawson + Thomas Dengler ‘61 Michael DeWitt ‘65 and Wenny DeWitt + Estate of Rev. Lyford P. Edwards + Nancy H. Feinberg Stefano Ferrari and Lilo Zinglersen + Edward W. Fischer ‘65 James Friedlich and Melissa Stern Amy and Jeffrey Gui Agnes Gund + Boriana Handjiyska ‘02 + Helen Hecht Lawrence Heller and Dayna Langfan Margaret Hempel + Verónica Hernández de Chico + Irene Hollister + Paul J. Isaac Martin Kahn David W. Kaiser and Rosemary Corbett + Helene L. and Mark N. Kaplan + Jane and Richard Katzman Marguerite and Robert Kenner + Martin Kenner and Camilla Smith + Nabila Khashoggi Jan A. Kregel Kord and Ellen Lagemann + Alison L. and John C. Lankenau + Sidney and Ruth Lapidus + Nancy E. Lemann Y. S. Liu Jane K. Lombard + Elisa Loti Lawrence Luhring Janine Luke Dr. Michael J. Maresca ‘86 + Mr. and Mrs. George E. Matelich Vera Mayer + Peter F. McCabe ‘70 + Christopher J. and Jamie L. McGurk + Sonny and Gita Mehta Barbara Miral ‘82 and Alberto Gatenio + Joseph and Cynthia Mitchell Hank Muchnic ‘75 Jim and Talila O’Higgins + Liliane A. and Norman L. Peck Bob and Margaret Reily Drs. M. Susan and Irwin Richman + Rick Rosenthal and Nancy Stephens + Dame Theresa Sackler Charles and Helen Schwab Michael S. Scotch

honor roll of donors 47

Dr. Michael Simpson Sarah and Howard Solomon + Prof. Peter and Eve Sourian + Geoffrey E. Stein ‘82 + Dr. Kathryn E. Stein ‘66 + Dr. Sanford B. Sternlieb + Robert B. and Toni Strassler + David Teiger* + Judy E. Tenney and Robert Haines Alice and Tom Tisch Djemi Traboulsi Edith Van Slyck and James Hammond + Dr. Siri von Reis + Count Nicholas Wenckheim + Shelby White + Bard College Council $2,500–4,999 Anonymous (4) + Sarat Addanki Jan and Warren J. Adelson + Robert ‘53 and Marcia Amsterdam + Rochelle J. Auslander ‘65 + Mary I. Backlund and Virginia Corsi + Donald Baier ‘67 and Marjorie Mann ‘68 + Prof. Laura D. Battle Jonathan and Roberta Baum Dr. Miriam Roskin Berger ‘56 + Prof. Mario Bick and Diana Brown + Carrie M. and Edward C. Brittenham + Lord Barnham Broom Melva Bucksbaum* and Raymond J. Learsy + Hannah Byrnes-Enoch ‘08 and Gerald Pambo-Awich ‘08 + Constance R. Caplan + Gwenn Evitts Cohen Haifa Dakhil and Sammy El Jamal Blythe Danner ‘65 + Mr. Arnold J. Davis ‘44 + Thomas Joseph Deegan Day + Hester Diamond + Kristen Dodge and Darren Foote Amy K. and David Dubin + Malia K. Du Mont ‘95 + Susan and Tim Ettenheim Brett H. Fialkoff ‘88 + Andrew F. Fowler ‘95 and Amanda Burrows-Fowler ‘98 + Oliver Frankel and Carole Server Adaline H. Frelinghuysen Larry Fuchsman and Dr. Janet Strain + Mary C. Gallagher + Christine Gasparich ‘08 and John Hambley ‘06 + Michael and Susan Gelman Raghida A. Ghandour Donald Goldberg ‘69 and Tracy de la Mater Goldberg Jonathan and Liz Goldman Elissa Goldstone ‘07 + Catherine Gund + Prof. Marka Gustavsson and Prof. John Halle Gary E. Handel and Kathleen Tunnell-Handel Eliot D. and Paula K. Hawkins + Alan Hilliker and Vivien Liu + Tessa Huxley and Andrew Reicher + Anne E. Impellizzeri + Richard H. Jenrette

48 honor roll of donors

Dr. Harriette Kaley Max Kenner ‘01 + Christopher W. and Parthenia R. Kiersted + Daniel J. and Vivian Korich Cynthia M. Kracht Garry Kvistad + Joseph La Piana Estate of Lenore Latimer + Alfred J. Law and Glenda A. Fowler Law + Scott Lorinsky Robert Lowinger Leslie K. and Steve Marotta Mollie Meikle ‘03 + Richard and Ronay Menschel + Stergios G. Mentesidis ‘12 Attilio Meucci + Sarah Rogers Morris ‘13 E. Scott Osborne and Jeffrey L. Schwartz Dr. Richard Pargament ‘65 + Christopher Pennington ‘87 + Edmund F. and Jane M. Petty + Estate of William Pitkin ‘49 + Joy E. Reese Ilene Resnick ‘87 and Daniel Weiss ‘87 Frederick W. Richmond + Ted Ruthizer and Jane Denkensohn + Anne Schamberg ‘73 and Jay F. Schamberg Jodi and Marc Schneider + Janet Zimmerman Segal ‘50 + Kendall Serota ‘04 + Ian and Manon Slome Geoffrey W. Smith Billy Steinberg ‘72 Allan and Ronnie Streichler + Emily Tarsell + Richard Teitelbaum John L. Thomson Coralie Toevs Dr. Elisabeth F. Turnauer-Derow + Luis G. Vargas Elizabeth Weatherford Hon. Kimba Wood and Frank E. Richardson III William D. Zabel and Deborah Miller Irene Zedlacher + St. Stephen’s Society $1,000–2,499 Anonymous (10) + Imran Ahmed ‘02 James Akerberg and Larry Simmons + Jamie Albright and Stephen Hart Household + Betsaida Alcantara ‘05 Daniel J. Altobello Jim and Meg Anderson + Claire Angelozzi ‘74 + Richard Armstrong and Dorsey Waxter + Richard Arum Kathleen Augustine + Dr. Karen L. Axelsson Ian and Margaret Ball + Richard Bogart Barber and Ann Hathaway Schaetzel + Valerie B. Barr and Susan Yohn + Barbara B. Barre ‘69 + Robert C. ‘57 and Lynn A. Bassler + Leigh Beery and Jonathan Tunick ‘58 + Brendan Berg ‘06 +

Alice D. Berkeley + Jordan Berkowitz ‘03 + Laurie A. ‘74 and Stephen H. Berman ‘74 + Elizabeth C. Birdsall ‘93 Sandra and Dr. A. John Blair III Joanne Blum Brian D. Bonnar ‘77 + Sarah Botstein and Bryan Doerries + Terence C. Boylan ‘70 Mr. and Mrs. Peter M. Brant Fred Bratman + Dr. Alan S. Brenner and Mrs. Ronni C. Brenner ‘64 + Sylvie and Leon Bressler Laurel Meinig Brewster ‘71 + Craig and Camille Broderick C. Ann and James Brudvig + Reginald Bullock Jr. ‘84 + Thomas M. Burger and Andree Robert Bonnie and Terry Burman Bruce and Bettina Buschel + Prof. Mary Caponegro ‘78 James C. and Pauline G. Carafotes Pia Carusone ‘03 + Edward Lee Cave + Lydia Chapin and David Soeiro + Chevy Chase ‘68 Jayni Chase Robin Chaurasiya Ellen J. Chesler and Matthew J. Mallow + Melissa L. Chevalier ‘92 + Andrew Y. Choung ‘94 + Roger K. Clark Jr. Jakob Clausen ‘92 and Christina Hajagos-Clausen ‘92 Dr. Barry S. and Ms. Bobbi Coller Pilar Conde and Alfonso Lledo-Perez Imran Dar ‘11 Jason Del Col ‘95 John Deluca Kim DesMarais ‘73 Anne Wellner de Veer ‘62 + Drs. Karen C. Diaz and Joseph E. Johnson + Dolores S. and William G. Doak Drs. Dorcas J. Dobie and Jerald P. Radich Michele Oka Doner and Fred Doner Judy Donner ‘59 + Benoist F. Drut John and Denise Dunne + Robert C. Edmonds ‘68 + Allison A. Eggers ‘99 Anne and Joel Ehrenkranz Deborah Elkind and Gregory Shatan + Anthony M. ‘82 and Kristina E. ‘83 Ellenbogen + James and Carol Elliott Wendy R. Epstein and James G. Steiker + Sarah M. Everitt ‘92 Randolph A. and Joanne Ezratty Adam F. and Karen J. Falk Beverly Fanger and Dr. Herbert S. Chase Jr. Jerrold N. and Sally Ann Fine + Eric Finz and Donna Imperato Jill and Matthew Follett Kevin R. Foster ‘92 and Donna Jarvis + Phyllis E. Frank Dr. Richard G. Frank ‘74 + Felice C. Frankel

Ann and Robert Freedman + Ellen Fried and Marshall Sohne Dr. Richard C. Friedman ‘61 + Shelly S. Friedman Terese Fuchs Theresa Fulton Drs. Elizabeth A. Garofalo and Jeffrey S. Warren Emma Gaudio ‘09 and Alex Gaudio ‘10 + Bradley Gewehr and Blythe Hamer Mark and Rebecca E. Gibbel Prof. Arthur Gibbons Susan H. Gillespie + Slavka B. Glaser Stephanie A. Goldfine + Chungin Goodstein Prof. Eban Goodstein Francis Greenburger Dr. David and Zelda Greenstein + Catherine A. Grillo ‘82 + Lawrence C. Grossman ‘85 + Helen Rennolds Grosso ‘91 Amar and Padmini Gupta + Roger Gustavsson and Louise Reinecke Deirdre Hade and William H. Arntz Nicholas C. and Pier H. Haffenreffer Karen Hagberg and Mark Jackson Thomas and Bryanne Hamill + Nancy C. Hass and Bob Roe + Sandy Heller + Tom Heman and Janelle Reiring + Susan Hendrickson Sarah G. and Timothy J. Herbert Barbara S. Herst ‘52 + Mr. and Mrs. Fred C. Herzner + Nicholas Hippensteel ‘09 Dr. Ann Ho ‘62 and Dr. Harry Harper + Corinne Hoener ‘06 and Christie Seaver ‘06 Jeffrey Hoffeld Elena and Fred Howard + Joni M. and Dr. Joseph C. Iraci Karen and Paul Isaac Roger D. Isaacs ‘49 + Benjamin and Cathy Iselin + Scott D. Jackson Charles S. Johnson III ‘70 and Sondra Rhoades Johnson + Wendy Evans Joseph Rachel and Dr. Shalom Kalnicki + Paula G. Katz and Frederick S. Mandler John S. M. Katzenbach ‘72 + Josh Kaufman ‘92 + Dennis J. and Jennifer M. Kelly Dr. Katrena and Mr. Randall Kennedy + The Keon-Vitale Family + Stephen J. Kessler ‘68 and Daniela Hurezanu+ Kevin Klose Samantha Knowlton Christina Nye Koons Kenny Kosakoff ‘81 + Abraham M. Lackman Jo Carole and Ronald Lauder + James and Justine Laugharn + Prof. Ann M. Lauterbach Alexa Lennard ‘04 John C. Lerner Dr. Michael A. Lerner + M. Michael Lerner* + Amala and Eric Levine +

Catherine K. and Les Levine Ralph S. Levine ‘62 + Patricia and Martin P. Levy + Dr. William V. Lewit ‘52 and Gloria Lewit + Jie Li and Aijia Yang Dorothy Lichtenstein Glenn Ligon + Christina and James Lockwood + Bryan I. and Leslie W. Lorber Paul N. Lutvak and Andrea Kretchmer Ezra P. and Reeva S. Mager + Romy Mann Susan C. Mann ‘78 + David M. Manning ‘07 Paul Marcus ‘76 and Katherine Juda + Lauriel H. Marger Matthew Marks + Dr. David J. Maron Robert B. Marrow ‘62 + David Matias + Liese Mayer ‘05 + Theodore V. H. Mayer and Margery Weil Mayer Stephen Mazoh and Martin Kline + Kathryn S. McCausland Zack McKown and David Poma Martha B. McLanahan Robert Z. Melnick ‘70 Lynne Meloccaro ‘85 + Hon. Fred and Lynne Mester Jennifer and Jay Mills Andrea and Kenneth L. Miron + Mona Pine Monroe ‘52 + Grace K. and Shepard R. Morgan + Charlotte Moss and Barry Friedberg Joanne and Richard Mrstik + Jeffrey and Ora Nadrich + Richard Nagy Diana and Martin Neiman Anna Neverova ‘07 + Andrea G. and Christopher H. Nielsen Dr. Daniel Fulham O’Neill ‘79 Jane E. Osgood ‘75 + Marilyn and Peter Oswald + Alexandra Ottaway Branca M. and Bruce L. Pachkowski Daisy and David Paradis Mona and Fred Payton + Debra R. Pemstein and Dean Vallas + Roger Phillips ‘53 Lisa Podos and Michael Wais Arlene H. Pollack + Susan Pollack ‘70 + Arabella Powell + Melanie B. Powers and Frederic B. Presbrey Francine C. Prose and Howie Michaels Leslie M. and Mark S. Ragsdale Theresa Rebeck and Jess Lynn Barbara B. Reis + Fredrick and Helen Ribet Deedie and Rusty Rose Andrea Rosen + Florence and Robert A. Rosen Barbara and Jonathan Roth + Sarah Rothenberg and Robert Azencott Thea Mohr Saks ‘87 James G. Salvucci ‘86 and Marie Sennett + Steven B. Sanders

Elaine B. Sargent + Dr. Karen S. Saxe ‘82 Joan A. Schaffer ‘75 + David A. Schulz + Ellen Louise Schwartz ‘64 Sarah Seaver and Dr. John Spielberg + Annabelle M. Selldorf Margaret Sellers Elisabeth Semel ‘72 and James Thomson + Ronald D. and Stephanie W. Sernau Joel Shapiro and Ellen Phelan Judith A. Shepherd ‘69 + Amy Sillman ‘95 + Robert Skeist Clare L. Smith Stephen H. Smith + Andrew Solomon and John Habich Solomon Dr. Raymond F. Stainback Selda Steckler ‘48 + Edwin Steinberg + Darcy Stephens Janet E. Stetson ‘81 and Danny Shanahan + Ben Strubel + Dr. Naomi Parver Taylor ‘62 + Taun N. Toay ‘05 + Barbara and Donald Tober + Drs. Katherine and Richard Tobey Judith Tolkow and Leland Woodbury + Janet A. Torsney and Gregory D. Walker Joan P. Tower Elizabeth Farran Tozer and W. James Tozer Jr. Namphoung Tranvan Dr. John J. and Kristine B. Travaglini Mandy Tumulty ‘94 + Mitchell and Patricia Udell Nancy Y. Urban ‘91 Annalee Van Kleeck ‘95 Olivia van Melle Kamp + Peter van Schaick Mac Van Wielingen Gordon VeneKlasen + Beth Wachter + David Weiss ‘86 and Martina Arfwidson Rosemary and Noel Werrett + Dr. Stephen A. Wertheimer ‘59 + Hon. Rebecca Westerfield + David Wetherill + Barbara Jean Weyant + Maureen A. Whiteman and Lawrence J. Zlatkin + Wheelock Whitney III Aida and Albert Wilder + David and Joan Sylvester Wise + Peter P. and Robin A. Wolf Christopher Wool and Charline Von Heyl Dr. George M. and Barbara P. Wyner John and Mary Young Bill Zifchak and Maggie Evans + Friends $500–999 Anonymous (7) + Hyman Abady Lorraine Adams Irene B. Aitken + Richard Allen ‘67 +

+ Donor has given for three or more consecutive fiscal years


Tim Allen and Erica Baum Joseph F. Arthur and Manjusha Gokhale Margeret Atkinson and Rafael Angel Soto Sr. + Dr. Wolfgang Aulitzky and Katharine Eltz-Aulitzky Mr. and Mrs. Jack Auspitz + John J. Austrian ‘91 and Laura M. Austrian + Terry Bachman ‘71 and Jerri Dell ‘73 Eduard Badalov Edward W. and Linda S. Bair + Irene and Jack Banning Vivian Haime Barg Kay Barned-Smith and St. John Smith + Alicia Barraza and Douglas P. Van Zandt Dr. Alvin and Arlene Becker Prof. Jonathan and Jessica K. Becker + Ward C. Belcher Julie Bindeman Belgard ‘00 Dr. John S. Bendix Dr. Regina Bendix + David A. and Rhoda Berbey Camilla Bergeron Prof. Daniel S. Berthold + Beth and Jerry Bierbaum Martha and Stuart Bindeman Jennifer Blessing Drs. Elizabeth A. Bobrick and Andrew S. Szegedy-Maszak Suzanne Bocanegra and David Lang + Catherine F. and Mark W. Bockley Marianne Boesky Ellen Bogdonoff and Jeffrey A. Horwitz + Thomas W. Bonnett and Karen Kahn + Daniel J. Brassard ‘84 + Doris Brautigan + Franklin G. Brehmer III and Sara L. Farr Jane A. Brien ‘89 + Elizabeth A. R. Brown and Ralph S. Brown Jr. Alfred Buff and Lenore Nemeth + Gary P. Buonanno and Susan M. Danaher + John Burke and Dr. Sarah Hahn-Burke Bob Bursey and Leah Cox Dr. Maureen Callahan and Steve M. Victore John Canney and Sonia Laudi + Leigh L. Carleton + Roy and Patricia Carlin Steven M. Carpenter ‘87 and Amanda Katherine Gott ‘96 + John Carroll Jr. ‘85 David C. Carter and Carol J. Parks Drs. Mariana C. Castells and Bernardo J. Perez-Ramirez Dr. David and Linda Caughey Fu-chen Chan + Laurence J. Chertoff ‘78 and Rose Gasner + Andrew Chignell Kathleya Chotiros ‘98 + Barbara and Joseph Ciccone + Gustavo Cisneros and Patricia Phelps de Cisneros + Charles B. Clancy III ‘69 + Kristin L. Cleveland ‘91 Gary N. Comorau ‘68 Dr. Michael Conforti +

John Bard Society members’ names are bolded



Erin Coryell ‘99 Joan and Robert Costa + Moira G. Curtain and Dr. Karun K. Singh Liz Cutler and Tom Kreutz + Thomas J. Davis ‘58 + Ana and J. Roberto De Azevedo Nicole M. de Jesús ‘94 + Erin R. DeWard ‘86 and Ioannis Tsakos ‘87 + Laurie Dien and Alan Yaillen + Brendan and Jennifer Dowd Alan Drogin ‘80 Joan and Wolcott Dunham Carey R. Dunne and Kate W. Manning + Maria Echauri Lance Ehrenberg and Terry Sidell + Kit Kauders Ellenbogen ‘52 + Luise M. Erdmann + Peter G. Eschauzier ‘62 + Geraldine Fabrikant and Robert T. Metz + Randy Faerber ‘73 + Juli Falkof Nicole J. Fanarjian ‘90 + Karen L. Feldman ‘91 Naomi B. Feldman ‘53 + Jack Fenn ‘76 + John B. Ferguson and Valeri J. Thomson ‘85 + David Fisher and Pearl Beck + Drs. Lawrence I. Fisher and Meridith M. Sonnett Kevin R. Flach and Merideth W. McGregor + Kate Fowle Dr. Davis B. Fox Elizabeth C. Frankel ‘01 + I. Joel Frantzman Alice C. Frelinghuysen Adriana Friedman + John Geller Joshua S. Geraghty ‘02 Percy Gibson ‘87 Laura and William Glasgall + Sam Glazer and Elise Siegel + Robert Gober and Donald Moffett Tristan D. Golas ‘01 Dr. Judy Gold Amy A. ‘90 and Benjamin J. ‘91 Goldberg + Mr. and Mrs. Harrison J. Goldin Sidney Golub Diva Goodfriend-Koven Bruce Gordon Lawrence and Lorna Graev Cristina Grajales Drs. Miggie L. Greenberg and Andrew R. Rehfeld Robert S. Grimes George Grunebaum Judith and Mendel Grynsztejn Joseph Gubbay and Leslie Salzman + Susan F. Gutow ‘63 + Janos ‘99 and Jamina Hajagos Katrina Hajagos ‘97 George D. Hall and Jean M. Vertefeuille William Hamel ‘84 and Juliet D. Wolff Claudine C. Hamm ‘99 Frederick Fisher Hammond + Pamela Hanson +

honor roll of donors 49

Friends, cont. Amy C. Hass ‘72 + David and Nancy Hathaway + Marie C. Nugent Head and James C. Marlas Morrison H. Heckscher Glenn S. and Michelle K. Holland Maren A. Holmen ‘00 + Martin Holub and Sandra Sanders + Sonja A. Hood ‘90 Howard Horowitz and Alisse Waterston Ara Hovnanian Dr. Dwayne Huebner + Sandra S. Hull ‘77 Amy Husten and James Haskin + Lisa Isaacs ‘84 + Kalina Ivanov and Charles K. Noyes David W. Jacobowitz ‘65 and Linda Rodd + Rosalind G. Jacobs Amy Bachelder Jeynes and Scott Jeynes ‘90 + Peter W. Josten ‘48 Hiromi and Shoki Kaneda Mr. and Mrs. Thomas W. Keesee III John and Mary Kelly + Robin and Dr. Thomas D. Kerenyi + Maud L. Kersnowski-Sachs ‘86 Erica Kiesewetter + J. P. Kingsbury ‘03 + Tovah Klein John R. and Karen Klopp + Charlotte H. and Simon P. Kooyman + Anthony D. Korner Peter Kosewski ‘77 and John Dennis Anderson Neil A. Kotey ‘91 + Trudy C. Kramer + Ioana Kruse ‘99 Prof. Laura Kuhn Dr. Roy and Amy Kulick Mara Kurka + Christine Kwiatkowski and Robert Abraham Barnett + Emmanuel A. Kypraios ‘97 Stephanie Lamartine-Schwartz ‘85 and David M. Schwartz ‘84 Martin Langfield + Erin J. Law ‘93 + Beth Ledy Yung-Mi Lee Courtney F. Lee-Mitchell ‘90 Elise and Jeffrey Lennard Daniel R. Levy Scott W. Lithgow ‘80 + Glenn and Susan Lowry Jane R. Rady Lynes ‘63 + George P. Lynes II ‘65* + Janet MacMillan ‘85 Carolyn Makinson Valerie Brown Mander ‘70 Claire and Chris Mann + Barbara and William Maple + Bonnie Marcus ‘71 + Ilana Mauskopf William May + Amie McEvoy + Kathie McGinty Michael D. McNulty ‘77 Noga Menashe and Jean-Claude Ribes + Barbara L. and Arthur Michaels + Nancy J. Miller

50 honor roll of donors

Nilotpal Mitra Mary Moeller David L. and Diana L. Moore Anne M. Morris-Stockton ‘68 + Sarah Mosbacher ‘04 + Susan Narduli and Christopher W. Richard Prof. Melanie B. Nicholson + Anne Nissim + Michael E. and Rebecca M. Nolan Barbara Z. and Richard Novick Elizabeth J. and Sevgin Oktay + Karen G. Olah ‘65 + Karen and Vincent Parrinello Jeanine S. and Ronald M. Pastore Jr. + Leslee Nadelson Paul ‘70 Sylvia Pereli Matthew H. Phillips ‘91 + Lucas Pipes ‘08 and Sarah Elizabeth Coe Paden ‘09 + Robert S Pirie* + Susan R. Playfair ‘62 + Paul Popenoe Jr. Joanna Pousette-Dart + John and Molly Power Abhay Puskoor ‘08 + Ann Pyne ‘07 + Encarnita and Robert Quinlan Gregory H. Quinn Debra Raskin Claire and John Reid + Steven B. Richards ‘72 + Charles H. Rigg and Nancy J. Snudden + Harry A. Roark III Irena Rogovsky Anne Rorimer + Dr. Joan Shufro Rosenblatt ‘56 + Robert A. Ross ‘09 + Henry L. Rust Louise A. Sarezky ‘66 + Heidi J. Savage and John F. Shimkoski Barbara A. and Joseph Schoenberg + Barbara and Dick Schreiber + Paul F. and Peggy Schubert + Jimmy Schwarz ‘49* Henry Seltzer ‘06 + Barbara L. Shapiro Elizabeth M. Sheehan Genya N. Shimkin ‘08 + David Shneyer Samantha Shubert and Steven Young + Carl Siegel Lea Hillman Simonds + Linda Harrison Sitnick ‘69 Kira Sloop ‘94 Bev Smith George A. Smith ‘82 + Malissa Smith and John D. Stevenson Rebecca L. Smith ‘93 + Stephen N. Sollins ‘90 + Annaliese Soros + Dr. Ingrid A. Spatt ‘69 + Bonnie Stacy ‘05 Robert C. Stempel ‘52 and Razelle S. Stempel + Robert A. M. Stern Smadar Harush Sternoff Mark Street ‘86 and Lynne Sachs + Mark E. Stroock II ‘47 + Marina Park Sutton ‘78 + Cari A. and David H. Swanson

Lois Swartzell Frank Tang Ellen E. and William S. Taubman Art and Jeannette Taylor + Jerome M. Taylor Douglas Teitelbaum Andre Theisen and Ann Peters Van Mai Nguyen Thi ‘15 Lynn Thommen + Paul Jonathan Thompson ‘93 + Gayle Tilles Governor Tipton and Julia Saunders + Mark Todd ‘99 Charles C. Torrey Stephen B. Tremaine ‘07 + Hilary and Ralph E. Vankleeck + Elizabeth VanZandt Prof. Marina van Zuylen Lisa ‘84 and Trevor Vasey + John Vinci Alexandra D. Vogelbaum ‘65 Victoria von Biel and Benedict Carey Albert and Helen Wade Douglas Walla Ilyas Washington ‘96 Lindsay F. Watton Jr. + Dr. Ronald and Mary Weinstein Roger Weisberg and Karen Freedman + Wendy J. Weldon ‘71 + Robert and Melanie Whaley Gregory White Lynne B. White ‘75 + Douglas H. Wigdor Richard and Dee Wilson Peter Wunsch Andrew J. Yoon ‘94 + Mark Zivin David and Martha Zornow Martin S. Zubatkin F. Anthony and Sally Auer Zunino Supporters $499 and under Anonymous (85) + Tarliena Aamir-Balinton + William M. Abelson ‘82 Gerard M. Abensour ‘51 Dr. and Mrs. Basil Abeysekara Deborah Moore Abner Abraham Abou-Suleiman Liz and Jason Abrahamsen Lisa Bernstein Abramovich ‘71 Gerald F. and Rebecca L. Abualy + Susan and André Aciman + Denise A. Ackerman Elyssa Ackerman Courtney Lee Adams ‘83 Gail Adams Kristina Adams Chris Adamson and Gladys Perez + Lauren Adelman Michael and Sarah Poor Adelman ‘90 Caroline and Stephen E. Adler Diane Adler and Jeffrey Israel J. David and France-Michele Adler + Arick Admadjaja Kathryn M. Adorney Casimir and Kate O. Agbi Barbara J. Agren + Joseph Ahern and Leland Midgette + Saw Hong Ai and Shee Kion Lock +

John and Mara Aistars Farah Akhtar ‘12 Titilola Akinlawon Raed Al-Abbasee ‘13 Jose Alarcon Dorothy C. Albertini ‘02 + Daria M. Albini ‘77 Susan Albrecht Ellen S. ‘87 and Matthew W. ‘89 Alcorn Abigail K. Alcott Lesley Alderman Dinko Aleksandrov ‘09 Carl Alexander + Margaret B. Alexander ‘68 and Richard A. Alexander ‘68 + Pauline Alexander ‘76 + Pam Algier Dr. Lefa E. Alksne ‘85 + Anne Wallace Allen ‘87 Michael Allen ‘12 Ray Allen and Laurie Russell Sarah Chapple Allen Dr. Abdulgader F. Almagri and Sheila C. Olsen Suzan Alparslan ‘92 Lukas I. Alpert ‘99 Elena Alschuler ‘06 Barnaby O. Alter ‘08 Howard J. and Jamesina M. Alter Rita and Dr. Morton Alterman + Janet Altshool ‘83 Miriam Altshuler Gigi Alvaré ‘77 Peter Ambler Gail Levinson Ames ‘78 + Zoe Ames ‘13 Kim D. Amidon Nancy Amis ‘79 + Ruth M. Amster ‘56 Arshes Anasal and Dena M. Davis + David Anchel and Julia L. Heyer Katherine L. Anderson and Maxim A. Pensky Linda Anderson ‘81 + William Anderson ‘14 Eric C. Andrus Eric E. Angress + Linda and Marty Anopolsky Sara Ansari ‘10 Henry D. Antenen ‘12 Dr. Jean M. Antonucci ‘76 + Angelo Aponte ‘06 José A. Aponte ‘73 + Arjun Appadurai Gerald Appelstein Mr. and Mrs. Stylianos O. Arapakis William Ardito ‘07 Stephen Arenburg Miriam K. Arensberg ‘95 F. Zeynep Aricanli ‘85 Diego Arispe-Bazan ‘05 John W. Armstrong and Naomi Fatt Sarah Armstrong ‘06 Johnna Arnold ‘96 Jeremy Arnstein ‘13 Eric S. and Gayle Arnum + Regina Asaro Andrea B. AskenDunn and Michael W. Dunn Veronika Astashonok Dr. Jacqueline M. Atkins ‘06

James Atlas Can and Nilay Atuk Emin Atuk ‘15 Jane Evelyn Atwood ‘70 Judith H. Auchincloss Susan Auchincloss Kesi Augustine ‘08 Mark Avagliano William G. Avis Judith Axe and Mark Fitterman Jesse Aylen ‘05 Margaret Aylward Sarah Bachelier ‘08 George T. Bachman Konstanze Bachmann Rachel Tzvia Back Jacob R. Backon ‘07 Jesse D. Baer Norbert Baer Moira Bailey and Thomas Duffy + Jaime Baird Maria Baiulescu Deborah L. Baker ‘76 Joanna Baker ‘05 Antonia Bakker-Salvato Erika Bakse Megan Baldrige Richard and Susan Baldwin Sybil Baldwin + Ann L. Balin + Christina Ball ‘09 Derek J. Balling Alexander and Margaret Bancroft Mary Jo Bang Matt Bangser James D. Banks ‘73 and Jeannie Motherwell ‘74 + Amy Michele Barad Drs. Richard L. Barbano and Julie L. Fudge + Robert L. Bard ‘66 Siri L. Bardarson Lilliana Barillas Monika Barlikova Frances and Edward L. Barlow Kristi Lea Barnes ‘96 Tracy Barnes and Liz Rogers John G. Barns ‘14 Gregory J. and MaryAnn L. Baro Debra R. and Joseph S. Baron Bruce Barratt ‘75 Kimberlie A. and Robert L. Barrett Stephanie K. Barrett ‘12 William G. Barrett Dawn Barrios Lionel R. Barrow ‘11 Keelin S. Barry and Bruce L. Dorpalen Siobhan Barry Stephen Bartalini Timothy Bartley Prof. Thomas Bartscherer Delphina Brownlee Bashkow Randall J. Bass ‘82 Carmela Bastian Timand Bates ‘02 Rev. Winston L. Bath Patricia Baucom ‘98 Rob Bauer ‘63 + Stephanie Bauman ‘05 and Bjorn Quenemoen ‘03 Lucas Baumgart ‘14

Joseph Baxer and Barbara Bacewicz Melissa R. and Samuel F. Bayard Jermann Beachem and Rachel Rauch-Beachem Jane Bealer and Dr. John Taylor + Matthew Beatrice David J. and Susan R. Beattie + Elizabeth Beaumont Brenden Beck ‘07 + Dr. David Becker Halle Becker Jeffrey S. Becker ‘88 + Dr. Johanna K. Becker ‘60 + Marilyn and William Becker Robert Becker Dr. Brigitte M. Bedos-Rezak and Dr. Ira Rezak Thomas Begich ‘82 Kevin Begos ‘88 Lynn Behrendt ‘81 + Frances Beinecke and Paul Elston Skip Beitzel Dr. Theodore Roy Belfor Jeremy E. Beliveau ‘12 Howard and Mary Bell Joshua A. Bell ‘98 + Lawrence Bell Leonie F. Bell ‘12 Richard Bell Susan and Bryon Bell Stuart Belli Elizabeth Phillips Bellin ‘00 and Marco M.S. Bellin + Dr. Howard Bellin + Michael Bemis Yvette and Maurice Bendahan + Dr. Evelyn Bender Gwynedd Smith Benders ‘99 + Emily Benedetto ‘02 Mary Ann Benedetto Karen Benezra ‘04 Dr. Jess and Madeline Benhabib + Seyla Benhabib Jennifer Bennett ‘84 Jill Bennett Riva Bennett and Ira Mayer + Amanda Benowitz ‘14 Keith M. Berger and Sharon Diskin Michele T. Berger ‘91 Estate of William E. Berger ‘17 + Jonas O. Bergman ‘93 Drs. Daniel Berkenblit and Philippine Meister-Berkenblit Burton Berkovitz ‘74 Dr. Rhoda L. and Dr. Roger M. Berkowitz + Therese Berkowitz + Miss Marjorie E. Berman ‘78 Akie Bermiss ‘05 Dr. Howard B. Bernstein + Peter Bernstein ‘59 Roger Bernstein and Nicole A. Gordon + Robert Bertoletti Judy L. R. Bertram Wyatt Bertz ‘13 Dr. Morton M. Besen ‘52 + Paul Bessire Mary K. Best-Zabinski ‘93 and Roger F. Zabinski ‘92 Alexandra Bettina ‘11

+ Donor has given for three or more consecutive fiscal years


John Bevan + Jane Bevans Christina Bevilacqua ‘81 John Biando ‘03 Mary L. Biasotti Sally T. Bickerton ‘89 + Terrence D. Bickhardt Flora M. Biddle Cindy Bielak and Richard L. Schaffer + Susan Bienkowski Rona S. Bigam Richard R. Bilangi ‘72 + Montana Billings and William Kennedy Beatrice and David Birch + Ralph T. Birdsey Eve Birnbaum and Lawrence S. Goldberg Karen Biro Emilie Bishop ‘05 Ruth Bistrow ‘05 Cara Black ‘13 George D. and Sharon A. Black Hannah Blackerby Reanna Blackford ‘07 Andrea J. ‘92 and David A. ‘91 Blacklow Dr. and Mrs. Robert S. Blacklow + Clare Blackmer ‘89 Marge and Ed Blaine + Carol Hoban Blakeslee ‘74 Dawn Blaschick Paula Fuchs Blasier ‘68 + Hillary Blass ‘80 and George P. Hirose ‘79 Gabriel Blau ‘02 + James E. and Marjorie B. Bliss Prof. Ethan Bloch Jane Block Stephen and Lauren Block David Bloom ‘13 Joshua D. ‘95 and Molly M. Northrup ‘94 Bloom + Kari Bloom Lucy Bloom Ingar T. and Patti M. Blosfelds Mr. David Bluhm Charles R. Blyth Sasha Boak-Kelly and John T. Kelly + Susan H. Bodine ‘72 Anne D. Bogart ‘74 Carla Bolte ‘71 Whitney F. Bolton ‘51 Vanessa Bombardieri ‘03 + Sofia Bonami ‘12 Sarah Bonelli ‘05 Stephen K. Bonnett ‘07 + Doug and Jenny Boone + Anna Boorstin + Heather Booth James P. Booth Dr. Lisa Borg Lawrence A. and Maribel Bortoluzzi Maria L. Bortoluzzi Arup Bose Johnathan O. Boston ‘11 Clara Botstein + Garrison Botts Rufus Botzow ‘69 + Dr. Michelle Boucher Alexander O. Boulton ‘69 Laura J. Bourhana Judith Bowerman and Lawrence Slezak + Morgen M. Bowers ‘90

John Bard Society members’ names are bolded



Martin Bowman Robert A. Boyce ‘68 Alasdair C. and Carol A. Boyd Charles Boyd April Boyer Anne L. and Philip K. Bradford + Laura Bradford ‘13 Derek J. Brain ‘92 + Lisa and Robert Brainard + Lenny Brandes-Simon ‘13 David Brangaitis Harlan Bratcher and William L. Usnik Jr. Elihai Braun James Braun Robert Braziunas and Odile Compagnon Jennifer Breen James K. Breene III John F. Brega John J. Brennan III ‘10 Kathy E. Brennessel Michael Bretholz Mia Y. Breuler Denise Bricker ‘85 + James Bricmont ‘10 Jeff and Wendy Bricmont + Karen E. Briefer-Gose ‘85 Raphael Brigeiro Lisa A. Bright and Ian R. Thonney Patricia and Philip Brinkman Mary C. Brittingham ‘74 Daniel Brodsky ‘90 Ellen G. Brodsky Geraldine Brodsky Lisa Brody + Kevin J. Brogan Louise Brohm Camilla Brooks Clay Brooks Joanne Brooks Veronica Brooks and Kevin Uy Drs. James M. Brophy and Susan M. McKenna Matthew Brophy ‘02 Kay Brover and Arthur Bennett + David J. Brown Joanne E. and Kenneth D. Brown Katie Brown James P. Browne ‘86 + Lenore Bruce Robert M. Brunner ‘93 Charles and Maureen Buckel Kirin Tatum Buckley ‘97 + Peter Buffington Yevgeniya Bulayevskaya ‘03 + Farhana Bulbul Joanne Maaloe Burdick ‘54 + Michael Burgevin ‘10 + Renee Burgevin Caroline D. Burghardt ‘97 Harriet Burke Richard W. Burnett LCSW ‘65 Karen Burnham Beverly Burns Hannah Adams Burque ‘01 + Sophie Burress ‘11 + Dr. Margaret Burroughs + Ronald Burrows + Jeffrey and Ellyn Burstein + John Burstein Dallas Burtraw +

honor roll of donors 51

Supporters, cont. Harold Bush Kelvina P. Butcher Dr. Carol A. Butler ‘63 Gerard F. Butler Sally and Allen Butler + Joshua Buzzell ‘05 Judith and Lloyd Buzzell + J. Kentaro Byarugaba Jackson Byerly ‘10 Annie Byragie Mahadaie Byragie Brooke A. Byrne ‘85 + Mary L. Byrne and Glenn W. Mai Robert C. Caccomo ‘81 John Cady Renata Cafiero ‘55 + Jennifer Cain Joan and William Cain + Meaghan S. Cain ‘11 Wesley Caines ‘05 Joe and Meg Cairo David and Gillian Calderley Robin-Elise Call Robert and Sandra Callaghan Mark S. Callahan ‘78 Dr. Robert and Rev. Ann Callender Ina Calver ‘94 David O. Cameron ‘74 Matthew Cameron ‘04 William J. Cameron Margaret Cammer + Karen Cammuso Carla A. Camp ‘50 Wendy W. Campbell ‘72 + Cheryl D. Campoli Alen C. Canlas Dawn L. Cannon Yana Canteloupe Jay E. Cantor Margery Cantor Anne Jennings Canzonetti ‘84 and Matthew Canzonetti ‘84 + Carmen Caporusso Eva La Salle Caram ‘56 Anthony Cardenales ‘08 + Yolanda Cardenas Stephen E. Carlsen Nadja Hull Carneol ‘00 Lindsay Davis Carr ‘06 + Verna Carr Eden Carreiro Dan Carroll ‘96 + Luz M. Cartagena-Collado and Rafael Collado Kent Cartwright Dr. Laurence M. Carucci and Mary H. Maifeld Laura A. Caruso ‘86 Steven M. Cascone ‘77 + MaryAnn and Thomas Case + Anne Zitron Casey ‘83 and David T. Casey ‘78 The Casey Family Connie Casey and Harold E. Varmus + Leo Casey Janice Caskey-Thomas Sophia Cassidy ‘05 Thomas J. Cassidy ‘82 Elinor Castagnola ‘58 + Judah Catalan and Diane Townsend Catherine Cattabiani ‘77

52 honor roll of donors

Norman and Virginia Cavaliere David Cawley Jane Cawley Peggy Cecil Karen M. Ceske Sydney Cetera ‘08 Barbara Chaffe and Rob Weir Janet R. and Stephen D. Chakwin Jr. Christine M. Chale and Daniel A. Freedman Letitia A. Chamberlain Michael Chameides ‘01 Drs. Joseph T. and Vicky M. Chang Caroline Chanin and Louis Haber + Arthur Chanley Audrey Nacamuli Charling Douglas and Jack Charney Sally D. Charnow + Linda Chayes Priscilla Cheeks Julie N. Chelminski Jenny Chen Leslie L. Chen ‘09 Rebecca C. Chernoff ‘03 Prof. Omar Cheta Mindy Chettih ‘75 Margaret S. Chin Mr. and Mrs. Stephen Chinlund Michael Chirigos and Elizabeth Rexrode + Laura and Townley W. Chisholm Stephen Chiu Julia A. Choi and Claudio Cornali Alam Chowdhury Richard N. Chrisman Dr. David Christensen and Ruth Horowitz + Anne L. Christian ‘05 Anastasia Christman ‘91 + Alice Chung and Casey Mack Christophe J. Chung ‘06 + Irene Chung and Aaron Stevens Jinny S. Chung and Wing Lee Prof. Jean Churchill Kate and Larry Churnetski Cara Cibener ‘96 Emma Ciccarelli Edward Cicciarelli Paula T. Ciferni Evgenia Citkowitz-Sands and Julian R. Sands R. Leslie Cizek ‘51 Bradford J. and Karen M. Clair + Judy Clark ‘52 + Marsha S. Clark Robert and Isobel Clark Celia S. Clarke Jeffrey Clayman Rev. Paul B. Clayton Jr. Marcelle Clements ‘69 Constance Targonski Clemmons ‘78 and Thomas S. Clemmons Jeffrey A. Clock ‘73 Darrah L. Cloud + Caroline Clough ‘03 Rachel and Steven Coates Eric Cochran Amy M. Coes ‘99 + C. Denise and Dr. Dana Q. Coffield Eileen and Michael Cohen + Frederick and Jan Cohen Judith Cohen

Richard D. Cohen Dr. Stephen R. Cohen Toni L. Cohen Connie B. Cohn ‘62 + Mary L. Cohoe and Leigh R. Smith + Diane Colantonio-Ray ‘77 Andrea L. Colby + Elia Cole ‘10 Tom Cole Aldyth and Mark Coler + Jeniffer Collado ‘15 Richard Collens Sarah Gates Colley Meaghan Colligan ‘15 David Collins and Maura Kehoe Collins + Jenny Colman Janet E. and Thomas E. Conant Patricia W. Cone ‘78 Michael G. Conelly ‘92 Donald S. Connery Susan Connors Helen Conover and Robert Minor + David Conte Alexandra and Juan Contreras Shannon E. Coohill ‘05 Anita G. Cook ‘73 Deborah A. Cook ‘69 Robin E. Cook ‘90 + Elizabeth J. Coolidge Tina M. and Steven W. Coons + Helen-Maurene Cooper ‘03 Jonathan A. Cooper and Eileen B. Harris Leroy A. Cooper Lucia A. Coppola Anna K. and Charles F. Corcoran III, Esq. John Corcoran and Eliza Macrae Patrick Corcoran Jillian Corley Linda G. Corradina Jose Cosmo + Marie J. Coste ‘95 Desiree Costello ‘07 Richard A. Costello Alanna Costelloe-Kuehn ‘08 William Costigan Jacob Cottingham ‘03 + Celeste Coughlin Dr. Margaret M. Coughlin Richard C. Coursen + Paul W. Cowan ‘52 Mr. and Mrs. Francis M. Cox III + Ralph E. Cox Eric John Crahan ‘96 and Sarah Elizabeth Smirnoff ‘96 David and Ellen Cramer Erich Cramer Dod Crane and Dorothy Dow Crane + Dev Crasta ‘09 and Rebecka F. Radna-Crasta ‘09 Hon. Beth A. Crawford and Dr. Robert W. Dickerman Betty Crawford ‘00 Dr. Nuno Crisostomo Peter J. Criswell ‘89 + Eileen and William Crivelli + Rise K. Cross Stephen R. Cross and Andrea L. Smith Katharine Crost Christopher Croucher ‘13 Jeffrey Crow Michael K. Crowell

Philippa Crowne ‘11 Janelle and Nick V. Crumm Paul A. Cruser Nelcia Cruz + Christine Cuddy and Harry Gittes David Cuming Lonna Cunningham Charles L. Currey ‘61 + Patricia Curthoys Fred G. Curtis ‘52 Neil Curtis Karen Cutler ‘74 Frank J. Cutolo Dr. Bruce Cuttler and Joanne E. Cuttler ‘99 + Donald Cyzewski Susan E. D’Agostino ‘91 and Esteban Rubens ‘97 Alexander M. Dake Deirdre d’Albertis and Peter Joseph Gadsby Dr. JoAnn D’Alisera Barbara and Ernest D’Amato William J. Dane Sherwood A. Daniels ‘68 Betsy Daniels-MacDonald ‘49 John J. Daniszewski and Drusilla Menaker Karen Darrell + Katherine Daughety ‘03 Rosealice D’Avanzo Dr. Krista J. David ‘96 Nina David ‘61 + Marcie Davies Kathryn Davis Kathryn R. Davis ‘96 + Lynn Davis and Rudolph Wurlitzer Taylor Davis ‘98 Timothy M. Davis ‘91 and Prof. Lisa Sanditz + Kathleen Davison John Dawson ‘07 Meg Day Carolyn D’Cruz Prof. Matthew Deady Peter DeBartolo Jr. ‘07 Mia de Bethune and Dean Wetherell + Anne DeBevoise and Philip Gibney Sarah W. DeBlois ‘75 Katy and Matthieu Debost Tate DeCaro ‘02 Carol Decker Pamela S. and Terrence C. DeGeyter Georgia and Michael de Havenon John E. Deimel ‘50 + Mr. and Mrs. Timothy Delaney Mr. and Mrs. Gonzalo de Las Heras + Jim Delaune and Jing Shuai Jessica Delgado ‘15 Pauline L. DeMairo Emily DeMartino ‘10 Tiqui Atencio Demirdjian and Ago Demirdjian Craig Denton Cassio F. de Oliveira ‘06 William DePeter Carol Derby Robert de Saint Phalle ‘08 Theodore L. DeSanto and Ellen E. Weis Dan Desmond ‘00 Dr. Lisa M. DeTora ‘89 +

Bethany Dettmore ‘09 Abigail de Uriate ‘13 Susan Deutch James R. Devanney Dr. Luanna E. Devenis ‘76 + Magriet De Villiers Curtis DeVito Prof. Carolyn Dewald Suraya Dewan Lorna De Wangen Louise G. Dewhirst Terence Dewsnap Jr. ‘82 Anne L. Dexter and William J. Houghtaling Benjamin W. Dexter ‘08 Jane Diamond Shelley Diamond and Matthew Postal Susan Diamond + Stephen A. Dickman ‘65 + Michael Diederich C. Douglas and Leslie Dienel + Marion and Alan Dienstag John V. Diepenbrock Martha L. Diepenbrock Peter M. Diepenbrock and Gertrude G. Suydam Nancy J. Dier and Lee Dassnick William Dietz and Lenore Solmo Dietz + Sara M. Dilg ‘94 + Jonathan Dilks ‘03 Matthew Diller and Katherine Kennedy + Gary DiMauro and Kathryn Windley Dimitar Dimitrov + Jay and Lisa Diniowitz Kathleen J. diStefano ‘81 Dr. Elizabeth Ditmars Mary Ellen Dittemore Kathleen Ditzig ‘15 Charles William Dixon Andrew W. Djang Arthur Djang and Stella Ting Marya and Robert Dodd Allan and Lois Doescher Barton Dominus ‘64 + Ty G. Donaldson ‘92 + Lorenzo Donati ‘87 Suolang Dongcuo ‘15 Daniel Donohue and Bonnie T. Goad + Richard A. Donovan Daniella V. Dooling Pat Doudna Dwight P. and Sharell J. Douglas Gordon Douglas Jill Dowling Noreen Doyle Joseph and Nancy Drago Jennifer Drake ‘97 Prof. Ellen Driscoll Marisa Driscoll ‘87 Nina Drooker ‘54 + Shlomit Dror ‘06 Cristina M. Duarte ‘86 Seth Dubin + Anne du Breuil and Fred Markham + Michael Duddy and Elisabeth Nan Martin + Juan C. and Nancy Y. Dufau Deborah Duke ‘72 and Steve Rosenberg + Denis Duman and Alix Shafer Leila Duman ‘14

Paul A. Dumont John M. Duncan + Dr. Marian F. Dunn ‘60 Roberta Schreiber Dunn ‘67 + Kenneth Dunne ‘14 Marena Dunnington Michelle Dunn Marsh ‘95 + Terence Duvall ‘15 Abby H. and John B. Dux + Emilbek Dzhuraev Wilhelmina M. Eaken ‘68 Nancy Earley John Q. Easton and Sem C. Sutter + Alexandra Eaton ‘07 Miriam Eaves Adams and Felicia Ebhomielen David Ebony and Bruce Mundt + Susan and Lloyd Ecker Debbie Eckert Karin E. Eckert ‘87 Nancy L. Edelstein ‘48 Hildegard Frey Edling ‘78 + Angela J. Edman Esq. ‘03 Linda Edmunds ‘62 + Neva L. Edrington ‘79 Anne Eigeman Hal and Valery Einhorn Susan Anderman Einhorn and David Little + Eleanor Eisenberg Esq. ‘61 Evan and Freda C. Eisenberg David Eisenstadter ‘05 Joyce Ekong Samuel Ekong Cornelia Z. and Timothy Eland Donna S. Elberg Mariana Elder Robin Elenko and Gary Gordon Cecilia Elizalde and Silvio A. Sielski Karen Elkin + Joan Elliott ‘67 + Matthew A. Elliott ‘01 Patricia Ellis Benjamin Ellman ‘13 Chad and Shulamit Elson + Michael ‘69 and Sharon B. ‘68 Elswit + Marcia Ely and Andrew McKey + Erkan Emre Prof. Omar G. Encarnación Trinh Eng Kristen Engberg Amy J. Engel Drs. Karen Engst and James C. Matthews John Ennis Michael I. Ennis ‘97 + Sarah C. Ennis-Ruff and John D. Ruff Joan and John Ensminger Petra Epperlein and David Tucker Donna Epstein Lisa B. Epstein ‘76 + Dr. Barry and Phyllis Erbsen Abigail Erdmann and Luc Aalmans+ Prof. Henry Ergas May Shamis Erouart ‘09 Ellen Ervin Anne Eschapasse ‘00 Lisa M. Eschenbach and William B. Smith Arthur and Janet Eschenlauer + Taylor Eskew

+ Donor has given for three or more consecutive fiscal years


Deborah L. Esrick Anita Estes Jeanette F. Estima ‘98 Cat Eugenio ‘12 Richard W. Evans Diane Eynon Daniel M. Faber and Dr. Rachelle L. Shaw + Ricki Jane Faber ‘70 Dr. Carole Fabricant ‘65 + Patricia Falk Mary and Philippe Fallait Kevin G. Falvey Colin Fanning ‘13 Connell Fanning Harold Farberman Bart Farell and Dr. Diane Matza + Sarah Farell ‘10 Judy Farkas Patricia Lee Farley ‘67 + Anne Fassotte Joseph Fater Benjamin Faucher Dr. Leonora K. Feeney ‘57 + Dr. Leslie G. Feher ‘66 + Deborah Fehr ‘77 + Adriana Feijo Jennifer Feilen ‘87 Helene Feiman ‘52 Meredith A. Feinman and Eric Seiff + Arnold and Milly Feinsilber + Mark L. Feinsod ‘94 Christian Fekete Lisa B. Feld ‘00 Sue K. and Stuart P. Feld Alan M. Feldbaum ‘76 Elspeth W. and Paul D. Feldman George Feldman Dr. and Mrs. Mark Feldman + Ron Feldman Tracy S. Feldman ‘95 Edna Felix ‘78 Marvin C. Fell ‘77 and Caridad T. Fell Mr. and Mrs. Arthur L. Fenaroli Arthur P. and Jacqueline A. Fenaroli Kirk P. and Robert H. Ferguson + Loida R. Fernandez Marianna P. Ferreira Paul Feuerman Ward Feurt ‘69 + Lorri Field Eric Fieldman Heinz Filzer Finer/Broselow Family + Sydney Heller Finkel Andres Finkielsztain ‘99 David and Tracy Finn + Lilja M. Finzel ‘69 + Mr. and Mrs. Allen C. Fischer Richard and Catherine S. Fischer ‘79 + The Fishkin Family + Heidi S. Fiske + Kathleen Fitzpatrick Anne Flanagan Barbara Williams Flanagan ‘60 Mark J. Flanagan Lee-Anne Flandreau Nina L. Flannery ‘59 Laura Flax Martha J. Fleischman + Karl Fleischmann

John Bard Society members’ names are bolded



Barbara Fleming Matthew Fleury and Elise Passikoff + Drs. Harriet I. and Michael A. Flower Helen Marie Fluri Dylan Flynn ‘06 + Raimond Flynn Lisa Folb ‘93 Maire Foos Alison M. Forbes ‘04 Clifford L. Forbes Jr. Maria Luisa Forenza Philip Forman Sharon Forman Kit Callahan Forrestal ‘65 Deborah and Francis Fortier Jason A. Foulkes ‘95 Gwynne M. Fox ‘84 Coleen B. and Harold D. Frank William P. Frank Bonnie Low Frankel ‘69 + Gregg E. and Jean A. Frankel + Robert D. Frankel Bruce E. Franklin Natalie W. Franz ‘05 + Bridget L. Fraser William Freda ‘88 Keith A. Fredrickson ‘00 Samantha R. J. Free + Dr. Mark S. Freedman ‘73 + Michael Freedman Harvey and Mary Freeman Lynn C. French Andrea M. and Timothy Freud Jay Freund Jonathan Friedan and Ilana Trachtman + Ann Friedenheim ‘81 C. Robert Friedman and Vernon Mosheim + Daniel Friedman ‘66 + Diana Hirsch Friedman ‘68 + Edward Friedman and Arline Lederman Marissa L. Friedman ‘10 Joseph Fries Thomas F. Froese Stephen Frost Lei Fu ‘10 Angel Fuentes Prof. Kenji Fujita Emily Rutgers Fuller + Tracee J. Fultz Dr. Ericka S. Fur and Selwyn B. Goldberg Lona Gay Landen Gabree Dr. Marilyn G. and Mark G. Gabriel Frances A. and Rao Gaddipati + Khadeega Ga’far Bonnie Galayda ‘78 Lauren Galimi Katharina Galla Edward P. Gallagher Lisa Gesmondi Gallant ‘86 Thomas Galvin Richard J. Gamarra ‘14 Linda Gamble and Michael Zisman Denise Gamper Hon. Louise Gruner Gans ‘55 + Lara Ganz Esq. ‘94 Sharon E. Garbe ‘83 Solomon E. Garber ‘12 Ruth Garbus ‘59 Gabrielle A. Garcia

honor roll of donors 53

Supporters, cont. Sheri A. Garcia Rita Ann Gardiner Karen E. Gardner ‘12 Paul Gardner Geri Garfinkle Matthew Garklavs ‘07 Andrew Garnett-Cook ‘95 + Nazly Garrido + Mark J. Garvin and Diane A. Menio Kenneth A. Garzo ‘69 + Leah Gastler ‘11 Margaret Gatza ‘07 + Jen Gaudioso ‘95 Mary E. Gaughan ‘87 Miciah B. Gault ‘98 James J. Gebhard Caroline M. Geerlings Carl H. Geisler ‘64 + Ann and Peter Geismar Sofia Geld ‘12 The Gelfars Family Andrea Gellert Sara L. Gendel ‘15 Jonah Gensler ‘92 Christine A. George ‘07 Madeleine J. George and Lisa Kron Barbara Smolian Gerber ‘66 Leslie Gershon Dr. Shira J. Gertz ‘97 + Linda and Richard S. Gesoff Tavit Geudelekian ‘05 + Ronald C. Geuther Jorge Giannareas + Katherine H. Gibbel ‘11 Susan N. Gibbs Jeffrey Gibson Goldie H. Gider ‘95 Elizabeth Gilbert + Maxine and Marvin Gilbert Kenneth P. Giles Nathan Gilfenbaum Debra S. Gill Nicole Gill Mary Gilligan ‘15 Annette Gilson ‘86 Marissa Kelley Bernstein Gimeno ‘96 + Gail Giordano Bruce Gitlin Christopher Given ‘10 Rick Gladstone + Alan L. Glaser ‘68 Michael Glass ‘75 Jeffrey L. Glatzer CeCe and Larkin Glazebrook Jay L. Glazer ‘07 Gary and Joan Glenn Stephanie Glickman Emel Glicksman and Justin B. Israel Mr. and Mrs. Floyd Glinert + Alexey Glukhov Jennifer Glynn ‘00 + Robert L. Goble John Ronald Goehlich ‘56* + Diane M. Goetz Jin Xun Goh ‘12 Matthias and Victoria H. Gohl Nino Gojiashvili ‘14 Arthur and Merle Goldberg David Goldberg ‘13 Timothy Goldberg ‘02 Tom Golden

54 honor roll of donors

Marsha P. and Melvin Goldfine + Matthew K. Goldman ‘11 Jack and Stacey Goldrosen Johnanna Goldschmid + Diane Goldsmith Leon Goldstein Elizabeth Cornell Goldwitz ‘89 and Robert L. Goldwitz ‘75 + Barbara Gollob Mark Goloff Nina D. Goodall Amy Gordon ‘72 Mark Craig Gordon + Marlene A. Gordon Stanley and Anne Gordon + Stephney H. Gordon Vera J. Gordon Jean-Marc Gorelick ‘02 + Leonid Gorelik David Goren Robert A. Gorton ‘81 Alan Gosule and Nina Matis Michael R. Goth ‘69 + Maya L. Gottfried ‘95 William P. Gottlieb ‘69 + Paul Graebener Jeffrey D. Graf Kevin D. Graf Dr. Thomas Wentworth Graham ‘74 Rev. Wm. and Kathryn Graham Simcha Gralla Jim Granger Marie and Robert Graninger Charles L. Granquist Jr. ‘68 Sallie E. Gratch ‘57 + Drs. William Gratzer and MaryAnne Cucchiarelli + Renita S. Graves-Kochuthara Andrew Gray Lee E. Gray ‘50 Mary L. Grayson ‘55 Marie Greco Dr. Judith Green ‘61 + Ralph Green Thomas A. Green + Robert T. Greenbaum ‘92 and Kara L. Miller ‘93 + Danielle Greenberg Gerald and Gretchen Greenberg + Jan and Lester Greenberg Johanna Greenberg ‘11 Jonathan Greenberg ‘13 Laurie Greenberg Linda Greenblatt Adam N. Greene ‘06 + Jennifer Greene Jonathan E. Greene ‘65 + Leon Greene ‘98 Tamsen Greene John M. Greenwood Nan and David Greenwood + Peter Greenwood Jeffrey M. Gregory Michael A. Gregory ‘08 + Norman Greig ‘70 Rachel Grella-Harding ‘87 + Julie Cohn Grenet ‘96 Dr. Eva Griepp and Dr. Randall Griepp Allison Griffin ‘11 Erika and Thomas Griffin + Joel Griffith ‘03

Sheryl Griffith + Kirstin A. Griffiths Susan Nicholson Grigsby ‘82 Deborah S. and Gordon Grinberg Alexandra E. Grinker ‘68 Marjorie Grinnell Eric Gross ‘72 Gerald Gross Hannah S. Gross ‘71 and Mark A. Gross ‘69 + Helen S. Gross ‘64 + Lawrence Gross Katharine J. Grosscup + Carol Grossman Hon. Brandon H. Grove Jr. ‘50 Brielle Grover ‘05 Cheryl H. Grubb Elizabeth Gruber David Grundy Chelsea Guerdat Ana Guerrero + Lawrence Gulotta Janet Gunter Amith R. Gupta ‘12 Kapil Gupta ‘96 Jacob Gurland-Pooler ‘10 and Hazel M. Gurland-Pooler ‘99 Hal Gurnee Nicholas Gutfreund + Maria Gutierrez-Logsdon and David Logsdon Daniel and Susan Gutkin Len Gutkin ‘07 Carl M. Gutmann ‘48 Linda A. Guy and Dr. Gregg L. Vunderink Manuel Guzhnay Ryan Guzman Kimberly L. Haas Judith S. Haber ‘00 Martin Haber Ann E. Artz Hadland and Sigurd A. Hadland Mark Hage Michael Haggerty ‘01 and Stephanie Rabins ’01+ Jessica Hahn + Mara Haight Kathleen Hajagos Nathan Hale Gilbert and Mary Hales Taylor Halland Morris Halle Isaac Halpern ‘93 + Veronica Halverson Dhana Hamal ‘12 Glendean Hamilton ‘09 Joan C. Hand ‘65 Jennifer R. Hansen ‘97 S. A. Hanson Daniel F. Hardt and Birgitte Mortensen Patrick Harford Nikkya Marie Hargrove ‘05 William S. Harlow and Therese M. Straseski Jason Harootunian and Clarissa Tartar + Ashley B. and Daniel S. Harper James D. Harper George Harrar ‘84 Joseph Harrington David A. Harris Emily Harris ‘14

Lisa A. Harris ‘74 Martha Harrison Jeffrey J. and Kimberly A. Harrow + Julie E. Hart ‘94 + Amy and David Harter Philip D. Hartman ‘79 Anne Hartnett Dr. Joseph and Betty Hartog Denise J. Harvey Steve Haskins Rev. Douglas B. ‘50* and Mrs. Elizabeth ‘51 Haviland Laura Hawkinson ‘99 John Haworth James Hayden + James and Clare Haygood April Hayley ‘04 Dr. Douglas and Nancy Hazzard Leslie Heaney Sara Yakira Heckelman ‘76 Kara Heffernan Mark L. Hefter Mary Heilmann Thomas M. Heineman and Chieko Yamazaki + Andrea N. and Terry Heinlein Malley Bragg Heinlein Linda Helbling ‘85 Jonathan Helfgott ‘06 Anne C. Heller Dorothy and Leo Hellerman + Beat Hellstern Dr. Dennis O. Helmuth Dr. Nancy S. Hemmes Hillary Henderson Gisela T. and Dr. William R. Hendley Delmar D. Hendricks + Charlotte Hendrickson ‘07 Laura Hennen Derek B. Hernandez ‘10 + Christopher Herring ‘08 Joanne Pines Hersh ‘53 + Pete Herzfeld and Patricia M. Newell ‘91 Mark Hess and Risa Tabacoff Betty Heugatter Thomas Heusel Juliet Heyer + William Hibsher Lauren Peterson Higgins ‘05 Jane M. Hill ‘68 + Dr. Christine A. Hillegass ‘75 David Hillier Frederick S. Hillier Jennifer S. Hillis ‘90 Daniel K. Hills Jennifer ‘73 and Nick ‘70 Hilton Susan Hilty + Gabriel Hindin ‘99 + Maria J. Hinojal Cheryl A. ‘76 and Thomas J. ‘75 Hirsch Gary Hirsch Wendy Hirschberg Yael Hirsch-Moverman and Oren Moverman Ann and Steven H. Hirth + Kei Hiruta Jesse Hochheiser ‘06 William J. Hochswender Kenneth P. Hodges + Cameron R. Hodgkin

Sally Hodgson Dr. John and Shelagh Hodson + Ben D. Hoen ‘06 Anne G. Hoffman Elizabeth Jane Hoffman Eric Hoffman ‘81 Jo Anne and Albert C. Hoffman Haley Hoffner ‘07 Matthew Hogan ‘76 Charles Hoke Jr. David A. Holden ‘91 Jeanne S. Holden ‘77 + Susan Holland Charles F. Hollander ‘65 + Patricia and Michael Holmes + Robert Holof Michael Holzhueter Jack Homer Dr. Margaret Honey Abigail Hooper Jan Hopkins and Dr. Richard Trachtman Maggie Hopp ‘67 + Roseanna Hopper Erin Horahan ‘02 Sam Horowitz ‘10 Stephen Horowitz + Emma P. Horwitz ‘14 Vidya Hosein Diane E. and Marc B. Houslanger Robert Hoven Emily Howard Philip K. Howard Esther Howe Don Howell Genevieve Howell ‘10 Cary Howie ‘97 + Robert L. Howse Carlyle G. Hoyt ‘85 Andrej and Iveta Hrabovcak + Sabrina Hua ‘11 Carla Stough Huffman ‘90 Patti Hughes Alice C. Huige ‘62 Tellervo Huima + Eveline R. Hunt Grace A. Hunt and Matthew Arlyck Mary and Ron Hunt Kirsten Peterson Hunter ‘96 Wenda Hunter and Paul Meyer Brianne Huntsman Miriam Huppert ‘13 Donald ‘65 and Elizabeth Hurowitz + S. K. Hussey Laurie Husted + Elizabeth Hutchinson E. Miles Hutton ‘91 David Scott Hyde ‘96 and Dara Z. Roark ‘96 Josh Hyman Ari-Elmeri Hyvonen Joy F. Idowu ‘99 Philo Ikonya Ann Ilan-Alter ‘66 and Herbert H. Alter ‘65 Jennifer Ilardo Linda Incantalupo Shannon Insana ‘00 Arnold N. Iovinella Aina G. Irbe ‘90 Peter M. Irwin ‘67 Neil Isabelle +

Lucy and Paul Isaki John Iselin ‘10 + Josephine Lea Iselin + Joseph Isherwood Samuel Israel ‘10 Zachary B. Israel ‘12 Chiara Issa ‘05 + Sherwood Ives and Sandra Sedacca Boris Izrayelit ‘05 Jody Jackson Valerie Jackson Mary Jane Jacob Kenneth Jacobs Connor Jacobson Robert A. Jacoby ‘87 + Niles A. Jaeger ‘75 Ellen S. Jaffee Joan K. Jaffee and William L. Miller George and Karen Jahn Karen Jahn Hon. Debra A. James + Jackie M. James Vivien James ‘75 and Michael Shapiro ‘75 + Linda Jämsén ‘80 Liz Jankowski + Adam Janos ‘06 Ronald and Anna Jasse Kyle Jaster ‘05 Renee J. Jaworski and Mark J. Melvin Emily Jeffcott Leigh K. Jenco ‘99 Jay Jenkins Robert A. Jensen ‘68 + Alexander Jenseth ‘12 Richard Jenseth and Suzanne Raffel-Jenseth Xu Jian-Guo ‘88 Richard and Yan Yi Joa Sam Joel Prof. Suzanne Joelson Andrew G. Joffe ‘82 Anne Johansen Carrie Johnson Charles G. and Helga H. Johnson + Donna F. Johnson Kathryn S. Johnson ‘07 Miani Johnson + Rebeccah Johnson ‘03 + Trevor Johnson ‘07 Vernon Clark Johnson Hilarie R. Johnston ‘76 Ashley Jolin Angelika None Jones Barbara Jones Barton and Debby Jones + Celia Jones Deborah G. Jones ‘70 Kathleen B. Jones Ph.D. Nicholas Jones ‘01 Meghan Jordan ‘07 China Jorrin ‘86 and Anne H. Meredith ‘86 + Galen Joseph-Hunter ‘96 Susan Joslin ‘74 + John H. Juhl ‘72 + Christine Jukes Ilsa Jule Nancy Juretie ‘85 Kim Jurney ‘97 Douglas C. Kabat ‘68

+ Donor has given for three or more consecutive fiscal years


Meredith Kadet ‘04 Denise Kahn Linda Kahn Raha Kalhor ‘00 Diandra Kalish ‘13 Alex Kalman ‘07 Marc and Maxine Kamin + Gabrielle L. Kammerer ‘04 Leona A. Kanaskie ‘86 Tomoko Kanda ‘88 Cynthia Kane ‘02 Dr. Eleanor C. Kane Patty L. and Robert F. Kane + Gary W. Kansteiner + Dr. Ronald J. Kantor Constance E. Kaplan ‘52 + Eben I. Kaplan ‘03 + Lena Kaplan Marjorie S. Kaplan and Michael F. Stanislawski + Morris B. Kaplan Marcia Kaplan-Mann Demetrios and Susan Karayannides Dana Kasarsky and Daniel Wise Donald L. Kass Burton R. Kassell + Vanessa Katon ‘09 + Carolyn Katz Georgia and Sumner N. Katz + Elizabeth Kauffman-Liroff ‘87 + Elliot Kaufman ‘13 Gale D. Kaufman and Michael Van Biema + Lee I. Kaufman Stephen Kaufman Linda L. Kaumeyer Hilke and Sebastian K. Kaupert Robert E. Kaus + Michael Kaye and Andrea Loukin Jack Keilo Dick and Ginny Keim Kathryn Kelleher ‘09 Laurie L. Kelleher ‘95 Blaine K. Keller ‘09 Valerie Keller and Maximiliaan Rutten Caroline M. Kelley ‘87 Fernanda Kellogg and Kirk Henckels + Charlotte Mandell Kelly ‘90 and Robert Kelly Thomas Aquin Kelly Jessica Post Kemm ‘74 + Dan and Susan Kemp + Chris Kendall ‘82 + Michael P. H. Kennedy Stephen Keogh Deirdre Keogh-Anderson Anton Kern Cynthia Kern Frank Kersnowski Shaiyan Keshvari Frederick Kessler Frederick R. and Rose Kessler + Linda J. Kessler Ruth Ketay and Rene Schnetzler David and Janet E. Kettler + Suzanne H. Keusch Yosef Khen Frank Kiepura Sandra Kiepura Kadi Kiiss ‘69 Leah Killeen +

John Bard Society members’ names are bolded



Christine S. Kim ‘13 Dohee Kim Soohyung Kim and Anna Carolina Gunnarson Antonia N. Kimball Joan A. Kimball Joshua Kinberg Megan Liu Kincheloe Nora E. Kindley ‘00 + Benjamin T. King ‘03 + Prof. Camille C. King Diana Niles King + Emily King Jonathan Kinney April Diane Kinser Richard E. Kipling Tommy Kirchmeier ‘98 + Marilyn and William L. Kirchner Robert S. Kirigin ‘76 + Pamela Fairbanks Kirkpatrick ‘71 Noel Kirnon Drs. Deborah L. and Stuart Kirschbaum Cynthia Kirtland Naomi Kisch ‘57 Erik Kiviat ‘76 Christopher Klabes Zina Klapper ‘73 and Douglas Zwick ‘75 + Monique and Scott Klares + Jean Klasovsky ‘04 Debra K. and Teddy Klaus Gavin Kleespies ‘96 and Gabriel Robinson William W. Klein ‘12 Rebecca C. Kleister ‘90 Chad J. Kleitsch ‘91 Meghan A. Kling ‘03 + Dane Klinger ‘04 Ulrike Klopfer Alice E. Knapp ‘82 Jo An Knight Jordan Knight Paul and Lynn Knight Linnea Knollmueller ‘96 Renata Ko ‘03 + Dr. Seymour and Harriet Koenig + Helen Koepp Danny and Seena Kohl Jerome H. Kohn + Nicole C. Kohn and Peter Nyman Kazue Koishikawa Bozena Komaniecka + Patti Q. Konopka ‘68 + Mary B. and Philip Konstantine Bastiaan Kooiman ‘53 + Douglas A. Koop and Constance Rudd + Eric Koopmann ‘64 + Benjamin Kopin and Elizabeth Shapiro-Kopin Janet Koplos Rose and Josh Koplovitz + Elinor Kopmar ‘52 + Anthony and Colleen S. Korf David M. Korn ‘83 Mary Jane Kornacki and Jack Silversin Polly Kornblith Anne Kornhauser David R. Kornreich Richard Kortright and Claudia Rosti + Rena Kosersky and Tony Robbin Robert L. B. Koster +

honor roll of donors 55

Supporters, cont. Marni K. Kotak ‘96 Sharon Kotler Jeroo Kotval Katherine A. Koukol-Opatka and David D. Opatka Stephen Kovalcik ‘13 Robert L. Kozlowski Samuel Kraft ‘06 Chloe A. Kramer Elissa Kramer and Jay H. Newman Judy A. Kramer ‘74 Edward Nicholas Krapels Kim B. Krasne Richard B. Kraus ‘55 Ted Krawczyk Arlene Krebs ‘67 Andrea Kretchmer Dorothy and Jerome Kretchmer Jay L. Kriegel and Kathryn McAuliffe Mary Ann Krisa + Simone Krug ‘10 + Harriet G. and Robert W. Kruszyna Dr. Nicholas T. Ktistakis ‘83 + Eugene D. Kublanovsky ‘98 Mary Kugland Elizabeth Kujawski Drs. Regina Kuliawat and Frank Sun + Judith M. Kunoff + Steven and Judith Kunreuther + Marshall Kupchan ‘72 Linda Kupfer Robert James Kurilla Daniel S. Kurnit ‘94 Helaine Kushner ‘53 + Julia Kuskin ‘86 Jennifer L. LaBelle ‘92 and Ross Shain ‘91 W. Benjamin Lackey ‘91 + Curtis L. LaDuke Dr. Mark E. Lagus Joy Lai ‘03 Ciara Lakhani Rosaline Laks Taylor Lambert ‘11 Eva M. Lammers + Drs. Cynthia and Stephen LaMotte + Ken Landauer Knight Landesman ‘73 + Lara J. Landrum ‘00 Kim J. Landsman Michelle A. Lang Debra I. and Jonathan Lanman + Leslie Lannon Deborah Lanser Steven and Deborah Lanser James A. and Joyce Lapenn Christina L. Lapitan ‘90 Connie Laport + Thor A. Larsen Iris Larson ‘13 Kay Larson Victoria and Douglas Larson Adrienne S. Larys ‘67 + Kara D. Lashley ‘00 Carol Lashof and William Newton + David Lat Rosemary Lategano Diana Laufer Beth Lavallee Peter Lavallee Jay Lawrence ‘14 Katherine S. Lawrence ‘04

56 honor roll of donors

Steven Lawry Carol ‘65 and Spencer I. ‘64 Layman Carolyn Lazard ‘10 Thomas A. and Tina M. Lazaroff Jonathan Leader Jeanne LeBlanc Eugene L. Lebwohl ‘74 + Joshua S. Ledwell ‘96 + Henry Ledwith Dr. Barbara W. Lee and Anders M. Sandstrom Carol Lee Doris Lee Helena Lee John E. Lee Joy Lee Maurice Dupont Lee + Tzongjin Lee Maxwell Leer ‘05 Dr. and Mrs. Gary Lefer Eugene J. Leff Monique Leggs-Gaynor and David E. Gaynor Jr. Dr. Arnold Lehman Christian Lehmann ‘09 + Sharon Lehner Rhonda and Ronald Lehrer Ronald Leibler Carole M. Leightung ‘59 + Justin Leigh ‘10 Warren Leijssius ‘04 + Donald S. and Nan Leitch Karen Leite ‘88 Dr. Robert S. Lemon Jr. ‘61 + Sean Leo ‘14 E. Deane and Judith S. Leonard + Istvan Leovits + Miriam Lerner Ryan E. Lesh Brandon Lev ‘14 Daniel A. Lev + Rosemary Levai Peter J. and Susan B. Levangia Edward R. and Karen Levene Jeff and Joannie Levenson + Dr. Robert G. Levenson + Robert B. Levers ‘78 Richard T. Levien Mrs. Elinor Wallach Levin ‘54 + Mr. and Mrs. Michael Levin Raquel and Lear Levin Adele K. Levine Bette A. Levine ‘59 Michele and Steven Levine Susan J. Levine ‘87 + Andrew Jay Levinson and Deborah Reik + Nicholas I. Levitin + Andrew M. Levy ‘12 Brieze S. Levy ‘12 Iris Levy ‘76 + Jonathan Levy ‘87 Sharon R. Levy ‘99 Moira Lewandowski + Edward Lewine Ann E. Lewinson ‘86 Brent M. Lewis ‘09 + Linda M. Lewis + Maureen Lewis and Lewis Thornton + Richard A. Lewis ‘58 + Stacy M. Lewis ‘92

Richard C. Lewit ‘84 and Alison J. Guss Isaac Liberman ‘04 + Maricel Liboro + Dr. Ernest and Erika Lieber Mimi and Charles Lieber Dr. H. David ‘63 and Mrs. Madeline H. ‘65 Lieberman Seth Lieberman Maureen H. Liebler ‘68 + Laura Liebman + Michael and Joyce Liebman + Joseph Liechty Beth Lief Michele Liendecker ‘90 Wu-Hslen Lin and Yuet-Tai Wong Anna C. Lincoln Aimee E. Lind ‘95 Melissa Cohn Lindbeck ‘03 + Susan R. Lindeberg and Andrew H. Mason Marilyn Lindenbaum ‘69 + Vicki E. Lindner ‘66 + Mary A. Lindsey ‘95 Susan Ling John P. Linton David Lionel Susan A. ‘73 and William S. ‘72 Lippman Jr. Chris Lipscomb and Monique Segarra Benjamin Lipton Robert S. Liroff ‘88 + Suzanne E. List ‘80 Blanca Lista ‘01 + Anne Roberts Lister ‘91 Jeff Litfin and Joan Tower Michael and Susan Litman Ziqian Liu ‘14 Joshua and Sally G. Livingston Wendy and John Livingston Drs. Tom D. Lobe and Lori J. Marso + Loey R. Lockerby ‘93 + Ednah Locke-Walser and Kurt Walser + Laura Logsdon ‘10 Roberta A. Lombardino Andrea Longini Linda Lopez Maria Lopez-Cantor David M. Lord Susan Lorence + Richard M. Lorr ‘65 Andrea Loukin John R. Low-Beer + Rev. William C. B. Lowe ‘66 + Susan W. Lowenstein-Kitchell ‘48 + Larry Lowenthal Dr. Norman E. Lowrey Jacqueline A. Lowry ‘73 Dr. Douglas Lowy and Beverly Mock + Wallace A. Loza ‘63 + Joanne Lu Ursula Ludz Sandra Luft Catherine and Jacques Luiggi + L. H. Lumey and Lourdes Wan + Elizabeth C. ‘68 and Martin M. ‘69 Lundberg + Christina and Joseph Lunny + Ellen Lupton and J. A. Miller + Arthur ‘58 and Karla ‘57 Lutz + Philip Lyford ‘69 +

Andrew Lyman-Clarke ‘05 Tim Lynch Eve L. Lyon ‘63 Mari Blumenau Lyons ‘57 and Nick Lyons ‘60 + Yuexi Ma ‘14 Verna MacCormack and Keith Roberts Sara MacDonald Flavia Machado Joan Mack and Stuart Rothkopf Dr. Roderick G. Mack and Jill E. Weber Sarah Mack and Matthew D. Widman Molly Mackaman Maeve Mac Kenna John P. MacKenzie Beth Ann Mackey and Stanley Goddard Marisa B. Mackey Patricia Griffin Mackie ‘76 and Hugh C. Mackie + Charles Macksoud Jr. ‘03 Alex Maclean and Kate Conllin Kenneth MacLeish ‘01 and Rachael Pomerantz ‘01 Patricia and Bruce MacLeish Malcolm N. MacNeil ‘97 Dr. Jennifer H. Madans ‘73 + Maria A. C. Madi Maya Madzharova ‘08 Julia Magnusson ‘95 Dr. Peter H. Maguire ‘88 and Annabelle Lee Carter Valarie Mahabir ‘06 James E. Mahood ‘71 Charles S. Maier + Dr. Premraj Makkuni ‘95 Robert Malcolm ‘63 Zoe Malecki ‘13 Chloe Malle Fran Mallery Melody L. Malmberg and Joseph M. Rohde Gayatri and Tony Malmed Jesse Malmed ‘07 John A. Malnichuck ‘72 + Andrea Maltese Serphin R. Maltese Leslie E. Maltese-McGill and James F. McGill Ralph Mamiya Peter J. Mancuso Rev. Kathleen C. Mandeville ‘76 + Daniel and Melissa Manners Harvey A. Mannes Sara Mannheimer ‘03 Daniel S. Manning + Allen Mansfield Inara and Maris A. Mantenieks + Rochelle March ‘15 Hal L. Marcus ‘72 John Marcuse Efrem Marder ‘73 Jane and Mario Marghella + Alexander S. Margolis Greg Margolis Kenneth A. Margolis and Ellen Smithberg + Paul C. Margolis ‘76 Marilyn J. Marinaccio Christine Marinoni and Cynthia Nixon Alina P. Marinova ‘06 +

Patchen Markell + Linda Markle Susannah W. Marks + Sarah Marlow ‘08 Melissa R. Marrero Kathleen Marsh ‘86 + Susan K. Marsh ‘51* + Alexandra R. Marshall Phyllis Marsteller + Bruce Martin Charlotte G. Martin + Helen Marx + Robert Marx Tony Marzani ‘68 + Forrest C. Mas Lynne Maser + Mark Mason ‘84 + Mary Mason ‘85 Sharon R. Mason Kurtlan Massarsky ‘05 Jon Massey ‘85 + Katherine Massey ‘98 Sarah Phillips Mathews and John Mathews + Anna Rose Mathieson ‘99 + Barbara and Tom Mathieson + George E. and Lucy F. Mattingly Mary B. Mattis ‘93 Clayton Mattos Alexandria and Parker Mauck R. Christoph A. and Julia G. Mauran ‘69 Sharon Maurer Julie May Angelika B. Mayer ‘54 + Julia Mayer ‘07 + Roland W. Mayer Carolyn A. Mayo ‘88 + Herbert Mayo Alfred J. Mazzetti Ilaria Mazzocco ‘08 + Emily McCarthy ‘15 Golden McCarthy ‘05 Paul W. McCarthy ‘74 + Caitlyn McClure ‘10 Terri L. McCoy and Leon E. Robinson Lois S. McDonald Margaret McDuffie Bob and Carolyn McElhany Cady McElravey-Sitkin ‘05 Joan McGilvray Wendy L. McGlinsky ‘87 Paul S. McGovern Esq. ‘76 Emma McGowan ‘08 Travis M. McGrath ‘11 + Christine and Sean McGuirk Katherine L. McInnis ‘12 Linda J. McIntosh Charlotte McIver and James N. Perlstein + Andrew G. McKee Elisabeth and Robert McKeon James McLafferty Mary Anne McLean Joan Mcloughlin Robert Ian McMahon Joy McManigal Maureen M. and Patrick McManus + Virginia S. McMillen John McNally Robert McNevin ‘10 Briar McNutt

Misale and Dr. Samson Mebrahtu Diana Meckley and Charles Powell Mr. and Mrs. Gregor Medinger + Mr. and Mrs. Robert S. Meehan + Maria Megaris + Uday Mehta Dr. David Meikle + John Melick + Delia C. Mellis ‘86 Dr. Naomi Mendelsohn Sydney A. Menees ‘12 Bruce Menken Angelo and Christine Merola + John Merriman Victoria Merriman Edward Messerschmidt Trevor G. Messersmith ‘94 Anna Metcalfe Gale and William Meyer + Katherine Meyer Melanie Meyer ‘02 Robert Meyerson Roderick D. Michael ‘80 Linda Michaels Ray Michaels Kieley Michasiow-Levy and Matt Levy + Arthur Holland Michel ‘13 Claire Elizabeth Michie ‘02 + Sarah W. Middeleer David P. Mikelson and Ingrid M. Slade Elaine Miles Douglas Milford Antoinette Miller Carol H. Miller and Richard I. Miller ‘74 Daniel E. Miller and Shannon L. Miller ‘90 David B. Miller ‘91 Ellen Kowitz Miller Gregory R. Miller + Jane P. Miller and Steven H. Miller ‘70 + Jeffrey E. Miller ‘73 + Lisa Miller ‘13 Stuart Miller Robert Milligan Jr. + Henry O. Milliken Jr. ‘51* + Eduardo Mills ‘07 and Joanna Gillia Janet C. Mills + Phillip Mills and Taraneh Tavana Denise and Oleg Minin Dr. David T. Mintz + Pierre G. Mirabaud Dr. David Paul Mirsky ‘57 + William Mitchell Karen E. Moeller and Charles H. Talleur Alfred P. Monacella Amy Monaco ‘06 Linda C. Monkman ‘76 and Lyle Nolan Katherine K. Montague + Jill Montaigne Jennifer Montalbano Maria Montebello Michael A. Montes ‘80 Jacqueline Montfort Antonia Claire Montgomery Frosty Montgomery Robert Montgomery James Montmarquet Timothy Moody ‘07 Leela Mookerjee Anina L. Moore ‘95 Barry G. and Whitney M. Moore +

+ Donor has given for three or more consecutive fiscal years


Beverly J. Moore Christopher S. Moore Kimberly and Stephen A. Moore + Shawn Moore ‘11 Coralie E. Moorhead ‘72 Marcos A. Morales ‘90 + Michael J. Moran Caleb C. Morfit ‘05 Abigail Morgan ‘96 David W. Morgan Nathaniel Morgan ‘06 + Yenton K. Morgan + Tetsuya Morikawa Grayson Morley ‘13 William and Henrietta Morlock Rachel E. Morocco ‘85 Carol L. Morris Celia B. Morris Thomas Morris Juliet Morrison ‘03 Ann Lawrance Morse Minna S. Morse ‘88 + Susan C. Morse ‘68 and Frank Ludovina Salim Morsy ‘05 Lenina Mortimer ‘03 + Carl D. Morton Karl Moschner David Moser ‘07 Diana J. Moser ‘85 Mark Moskowitz and Lyn Weinberg + Virginia L. Moss ‘78 Stephen Most and Claire Schoen Kathleen Moynihan Brooke Moyse-Albrecht ‘01 Carolyn Mufson Caroline Muglia ‘04 + Julia McKenzie Munemo ‘97 and Ngonidzashe Munemo ‘00 + Irene Mungiu Jennifer Murphy ‘07 + Linda Murphy ‘88 + Colin Murray ‘85 Maureen C. Murray Meredith Murray ‘15 R. Alexandra Murry ‘09 Carmen Musat Cory F. Myers Joanne Myers Judy Gelman Myers Priscilla N. Myerson ‘67 Charles R. Naef ‘53 + Toko Nagase Ramy Nagy ‘05 and Mia McCully ‘07 Shahla Naimi Wende Namkung Anthony Napoli Radhika Narain Christine Nardi Diana W. Naspo Arthur Nasson ‘85 + Barbara L. Nathan Bonni Nechemias Thomas Neely Cynthia and Thomas P. Nelis Chris Larsen Nelson ‘73 + Hon. Henry K. Nelson ‘68 + Lee Nelson ‘86 + Peggy A. Nelson + Danielle Nestadt Elyse Neubauer ‘14 Jill S. Neubauer

John Bard Society members’ names are bolded



Christine Neumann ‘05 Carole Neville Charlene O. Newburg ‘49 + Lisa A. Newmann ‘75 Willy K. Ng Elizabeth A. Nicholas ‘70 + Andrew J. Nicholson ‘94 + Dr. Brian Nielsen ‘71 + William L. Nieman ‘68 + Drs. Naomi Nim and Jerome Segal + Sarah Ann Nisenson ‘62 Russ and Kim Nitchman + John A. Noakes ‘84 + Dan Noble and Catherine Orrok Tom Nolan ‘84 + Thomas K. Noonan ‘68 Dr. Brianna Norton ‘00 + Kerri-Ann Norton ‘04 + Marie N. Khatami Norton Fernando and Marta E. Nottebohm Jennifer Novik ‘98 + Michelle Nowak Miroslawa Nowak Andreas Nowara Diana H. Noyes Roy A. Nunes Julia Nunez Lora Nunn Arliss Nygard ‘75 Henry Oakes James O’Barr Roland Obedin-Schwartz ‘11 Susan F. Obrecht Thomas O’Dowd Margaux Ogden ‘05 Irving D. and Petra Ogner Jacquelynn Louise O’Kelley Christiana Olabanji Joanna M. Oldakowski + Markus Olin-Fahle ‘90 Judy Oliver Thelma Olsen + Kenneth Olshansky and Margot Owett + Sonja L. Olson ‘98 Andrea Reudy O’Malley ‘91 Elizabeth Mari O’Malley R. Dixon Onderdonk ‘80 Sean F. O’Neill ‘97 + John Ong Mr. and Mrs. Robert B. Opatrny Carolyn Oppenheim Michael Orbach Ellen M. Orendorf-Carter ‘69 + Siena Oristaglio Terence O’Rourke ‘99 Frances Ortiz ‘87 Moraima Ortiz ‘15 Cindia A. Ortiz-Robledo Susanna Orzel + Frederick Osborn III Iris M. Oseas ‘52 and Jonathan Oseas ‘52 + Lawrence Osgood Theodore Osiecki Samuel Osin David H. Ossman and Judith A. Walcutt ‘74 Peter Oswald Cynthia Ott E. Otten Kathleen Ottinger

honor roll of donors 57

Supporters, cont. Judith Oulund Jennifer Overstreet ‘09 Charles and Susan Oviatt Elisa Owen + Jane O’Wyatt ‘67 Alan and Evan Pagano Joseph H. and Karen Page Dwight Paine Jr. ‘68 + Elizabeth Painter ‘13 Liza Shippey Palmer ‘99 Oliver Peter Friedrich Panzer Aliki Papadopoulou and Charles Weston + Maxwell Paparella ‘13 Sky Pape and Alan C. Houghton + Georgina P. Papp Maria Parada Angelica Paredes Adam Parker Anne and Paul Parker + Carole A. Parker and Dr. John E. Smedley Corinna Parker David F. Parker ‘81 Cara Parks ‘05 Julian and Monica Parks Mary J. Parnell Cynthia O. and David W. Parr + David B. and Jane L. Parshall + Jodi Passarella Gary S. Patrik + Darin Patterson Gary A. Patton + Lucy H. Patton and David C. Petty + Jonathan Paul ‘04 + Caroline Paulson Susan Pavane + Jason ‘99 and Brandy Pavlich + Miriam Pawel Anne M. and Daniel G. Payne Andrew Ross Payton ‘05 + Samuel P. Peabody Rachel Pearsall ‘97 Judson Peck ‘15 Barbara B. Peelor Patricia Pelizzari George A. Pelletier Jr. ‘92 Susan Pelosi + Holly Pemberton Dr. David Penberg ‘77 Peg L. Peoples Gennie Perez and Philippe Mouren + Mary Beth Perfas Orinthia E. Perkins Sarah Perkins ‘07 Sondra Perl + Martha Perlson + Matthew N. Perlstein ‘68 Christine Perret ‘82 Gerry Perrin Dr. David G. Perry ‘67 + Jennifer Perry Stephen Perry ‘06 Jean and John Peteet Daniel J. Peterson ‘88 Samantha Peterson ‘08 Elysia Petras ‘10 Heather Petrie ‘05 Friedrich Petzel Patricia Pforte ‘08 + Khanh N. and Susan M. Phan Lisa C. Philip

58 honor roll of donors

Aaron R. Phillips ‘92 Jennifer Phillips Mareika Phillips Susan Picard Margrit and Albrecht Pichler + Adrianne E. Pierce Laura A. and Timothy J. Piercy Sybil E. Pierot ‘50 + Gilberte and Yves-Andre Pierre Lola Pierson ‘05 Kerianne Piester Stacey P. Pilson ‘91 + Susan Diane Piowaty Celina R. Pipman and Sergio A. Spodek Michele A. Platt Leonid Plotkin Tamara Plummer ‘02 Mayda and Dr. Ronald Podell + Charles Pogacar ‘10 Joseph Pogacar ‘08 David S. Pollack Steven Pollak and Robin Tanenbaum + Peter Pollock Martha E. Pope Dr. Ellen J. Popenoe ‘80 Sorina L. Popoviciu Christophe L. Porsella Don Porter Stephen Portman ‘56 Malgorzata Poslednik Susanna C. Post Amy and Bob Poster Luke Potoski ‘97 Charles E. Powell Benjamin Powers ‘14 David Pozorski and Anna Romanski Gretchen Wilson Prangley ‘97 Jeffrey S. Preiss ‘79 and Rebecca Quaytman Elisabeth C. Prentice Francis R. and Rosemary Presch Carolyn Prescott ‘87 and Ralf Jaeger + Iris S. and Michael I. Present Rhea E. Pretsell Holly Cara Price Lora Price ‘11 Pamela Price Susan Price Sigal Primor Ilya Prizel Dr. Richard Propp Joanna Prosser Christopher J. Pryslopski ‘97 Eugene Purdy Aleksandra and Ivan Pusnik Nancy M. Gray Pyne Brin Quell David Quigley Joan Quigley Lori G. Quince Eileen Quinlan Laura-Ann and Marcial G. Quinones David M. and Laura E. Quirk Robert J. Rabin Samuel S. and Margaret A. Rabkin Florica Radu Allison F. Radzin ‘88 Faye Rafferty Jonian Rafti ‘15 Reazur Rahman ‘04 + Barry D. Ramage

Caroline E. Ramaley + Marco Ramirez Videsh Ramjattan Elizabeth Randolph Jared Rankin ‘14 Karen R. Ransom Surekha Rao Betty Rauch Kurt Rausch Yael Ravin and Dr. Howard E. Sachar ‘68 Jeffrey Rawson ‘02 + Jeffrey R. Ray ‘71 Michael A. and Sharon Rebell + Patrick and Kathryn Rebillot Jennifer L. Reck ‘94 David and Jamie Redgrave Alan Joel Redmer Julia E. and Mark O. Reed Lisa Reed Sarah B. and Thomas A. Reed George and Gail Hunt Reeke + Leonard Reibstein ‘05 + Cynthia K. and Dennis Reich Breana Reichert Dr. Maarten Reilingh Ph.D. Gay F. and Peter H. Reimann John A. Reiner ‘74 + Catherine K. Reinis Louise Reist Loraine Reitman ‘04 Jessica Remmey Sandra Renner + Nicolo Rescica Ana Paula Jimenez Reyes Nicole Rhodes ‘07 and John O. Weinert ‘07 + David Rice Joan D. Rich ‘63 Marcia R. Rich ‘70 Paul S. Rich ‘98 Nanda Richards Abigail L. Richardson ‘05 Sally C. Richmond + Prof. Maurice N. Richter Jr. ‘53 + Pamela and William Richter + Richard E. Riegel III + Dr. Catherine K. Riessman ‘60 + Robert Riggs ‘08 + Christopher J. Riley ‘93 + Jean R. Rincon ‘72 Shirley Ripullone Edythe Rishin Dave Ritchie Judith Rivas ‘06 Elsie Rivera ‘75 Lisa Rivera Katrina A. Rivers Richard Rizzo Lily Robbins Gordon Roberts ‘74 Marge Roberts Lilian I. Robinson ‘98 + Mandy Robinson David Roche and Mary Mullally Roche Oona Roche ‘13 Patrick Rodgers ‘04 Prof. Halsey Rodman Claritza and Fernando Rodriguez Jennifer Pauson Roeder Monica R. and Todd L. Rogers + Prof. Susan F. Rogers

Will F. Rogers ‘70 + Frederick Rokasky Adam Rom ‘03 Joyce Romano ‘85 Peter Roncetti Robert A. Ronder Esq. ‘53 + Michael Roomberg Oren Root + Denise and Angel M. Rosario Jr. Dr. George D. Rose ‘63 + Ellen Schulman Roseman ‘55 + Emily S. Rosen ‘92 Terry A. Rosen and Alan Hochman + Joan H. Rosenbaum + Michael Rosenbaum + Paul Rosenberg George L. Rosenberg ‘39* + Muzzy Rosenblatt and Brenda Rosen Martin Jay Rosenblum Nicole M. Rosenbluth ‘84 Esther Rosenfeld Eddie Rosenstein Evelyn and David Rosenthal Irwin H. Rosenthal Asher Ross ‘05 Barbara Greener Ross ‘60 Daphne Ross ‘85 Ilse W. Ross ‘49 + Michael D. Rosse ‘55 + Dr. Rosalie C. Rossi Vincent Rossmeier Kristin and Matt Rossotti Jane S. and David D. Rothbart Meyer and Naomi A. Rothberg Eric Rothfeld Dr. Naomi Fox Rothfield ‘50 and Dr. Lawrence I. Rothfield + Gabriel Rothman Michael Rothschild Amy Rothstein and Peter Salerno Meika A. Rouda ‘93 Andre and Lee Roussel Ann M. Rovere ‘65 Laura and Roy Rowland Peter Rowland ‘07 + Penelope I. Rowlands ‘73 + Pamela Roy ‘03 Arthur S. Rozen Amanda J. Rubin Emily H. Rubin ‘78 + Talya Rubin ‘96 Kendra Rubinfeld ‘05 Gregory Rudensky ‘13 Kara M. Rudnick ‘99 + Gary L. Rudolf ‘76 Joan D. Rueckert Jennifer L. and Joseph R. Ruggiero JoAnna Ruisi and Warren Perrins + Emilie A. Ruscoe ‘11 Steven Rushefsky John Ruskay Dale Russakoff + Amy J. K. Russell ‘99 Gillian Isaacs Russell Jay C. and Rosanna S. Russell Joesphine D. and Robert F. Russo Philip Russotti Esq. + Cindy R. Rust Jon Rutgerson Philip G. Ryan Joseph Rydell

Elionora and Petr Sabzanov Dr. Robert A. Sack ‘65 Ali Sadler Carla Sadoff Jane Sadowsky Franz Safford Jolyn Safron Amalia J. Salais Rebecca Saletan + Laura and Adam Saltman David Saltonstall + Dr. Robert M. and Syndi B. Saltzman Dr. Michael Salwen + Myrna B. Sameth + Barbara A. Sampson ‘87 Dr. Amy Sande-Friedman ‘06 Ashley Sanders Heidi Sanders Reva Minkin Sanders ‘56 * and Gilbert E. Sanders + Barbara L. ‘54 and Robert Sandler Ellen and Michael R. Sandler Harold S. and Patricia Sandusky + Dr. Barbara E. Sang ‘58 + William Sanna ‘13 Regina and Dennis Santella Brenda Santoro Jade A. Santoro ‘90 Angelito F. and Loida A. Sarabia Barbara Sarah + Rosita Sarnoff and Beth Sapery Mujahed T. Sarsur ‘12 + Diane L. Saslow ‘70 + William K. Sato + Susannah Satten Richard Saudek ‘05 and Mollie Andron ‘05 Heinz and Klara* Sauer Lionel and Patricia Savadove Lisa Savin ‘03 + David Patrick Saxton Emily Scarfe ‘99 Benjamin Schaefer ‘07 Kathryn Schaffer ‘98 + Steven Schall and Alyce Russo Alan C. and Leigh Scharfe + Naomi Schechter Peter Scheckner ‘64 Christian Scheider ‘12 Peter Schein Robert Scheinblum Dr. and Mrs. Robert Scher Rhoda Schermer Elizabeth Scheuer Joseph T. Schick Jeffrey Schiff and Blair Tate Dr. David C. Schiffman ‘61 + Michael R. Schlessinger Jane Schlubach + Emily Schmall ‘05 Kurt Schmidlein ‘13 Peter and Randi Schmidt Emma Schmiedecke ‘14 Emily Schnee John J. Schneider David M. Scholder ‘90 and Tara E. Scholder ‘91 Judith A. and Morton W. Schomer + Andrew D. Schonebaum and Chava Brandriss Ellen Schorr ‘86

Ryan Schowen Mitchell Schrage David L. and Rebecca Y. Schroedel + Laura Schubert ‘12 + Jessica Schug ‘15 Carrie Schulz ‘03 + Kathy Schulz Susan M. Schutrum David J. Schwartz Enid Schwartz Jeffrey H. Schwartz ‘66 Ori A. Schwartzburg and Deborah G. Shulevitz + Alice W. Schwarz + Frederick W. Schwerin Jr. Susan Schwimmer and Harry Sunshine ‘76 Mary Sciutto Roger N. Scotland ‘93 + Madison Scott ‘72 + Helen E. Scoville Dr. Richard Seager Christina Sebastian John and Aija Sedlak + Drs. Ellen Seely and Jonathan Strongin Camden G. Segal ‘11 Dr. Judith Segal ‘71 Max Segal ‘12 Nina Segre Evan J. Seitchik ‘12 Shirley and William Selin + Mark W. Sell Katharine R. Selznick ‘89* Thomas M. Semkow Dagni and Martin Senzel + Thomas V. Serino ‘10 + David Serlin and Brian Selznick Drs. Brigitte I. and Herman J. Servatius Prof. and Mrs. Gautam Sethi Maro Rose Sevastopoulos ‘00 + Daniel Severson ‘10 Alexandra M. Shafer ‘78 and Denis Duman + Mrs. Johanna Shafer ‘67 and Rev. Michael Shafer ‘66 + Albert J. Shahinian Russell M. Shane ‘77 Denise and Lawrence Shapiro Harold M. and Myra Shapiro + Karen Shapiro ‘78 and Syud Sharif Sarah Shapiro ‘02 + Zachary Shapiro ‘13 Dr. Samuel L. Sharmat ‘91 Timothy D. Sharpe and Rev. Alison Quinn Valerie A. Sharper ‘81 + Sarit Shatken ‘05 Yee Stacy Shau + Eleanore Beale Shaver ‘70 Joshua Shaw ‘96 Michael Shea ‘75 + Paula and William Shepard Elizabeth K. and James Shequine Jesse Shereff Robert B. Sheridan Arthur and Bernice Sherman Kathy Sherrill Homer J. Shew ‘12 Motoyuki Shibata Patricia Shifrin Eugene Shih

+ Donor has given for three or more consecutive fiscal years


Mary A. Shiman ‘11 Victor Shimkin Claire P. Shindler ‘86 + Min Kyung Shinn ‘14 Laurence Shire + Marta Shocket ‘09 + Andrew J. Shookhoff ‘72 + Brenda Shorkend Eric and Karin Shrubsole David and Jeanne Shub Barbara Shulman Julius Schultz Marcella and Thomas Shykula Mackie H. Siebens ‘12 + Corin Siegel ‘07 Natasha and Richard J. Sigmund Katharine Sigrist Barry Silkowitz ‘71 + Lisa Silver Dara Silverman ‘95 Jeremy Silverman and Shaheen Silverman Rushd Scott H. Silverman and Karen Sandlin Silverman Laura Simmons Christine verHalen Simon Elisabeth A. Simon + Sonia and David L. Simon + Alex Simons ‘08 Maja Simoska and Svetislav Simoski + Katherine and Ned Simpson + Lowery S. Sims Mr. and Mrs. H. Lawrence Singband + Arie Singer ‘99 Jennifer M. Singleton ‘85 + Jessica Sirkin ‘10 Peggy Sisselman Fritz Sitterly Aleksandar ‘09 and Isidora ‘11 Skular + Jennifer and Greg Skura + Alan Skvirsky ‘61 + Lillian Slezak ‘07 Marjorie Slome and Kenneth S. Stern ‘75 + John E. Slote Rosemary Minati Slutsky Charles Slyngstad Dorell Smallwood ‘11 Dr. John A. and Mary Anne Smallwood + Ian P. Smedley ‘13 Audrey Mae ‘78 and Robert P. Smith + Betsy Covington Smith + Brendan Smith ‘14 Carole-Jean Smith ‘66 + Christine A. Smith Courtney Smith + Daniel J. Smith ‘12 Donna Meyer Smith ‘95 Lou Ann Smith and Mark Lenetsky + Marion Smith Matthew G. Smith Michael Smith ‘09 Nathan J. Smith + Olivia Smith Dr. Richard K. Smith ‘65 + Sara Caffrey Smith ‘79 and Dr. Louis W. Smith Steven D. Smith Shirley Smithberg Robert J. and Susan D. Smythe Adam Snyder ‘89 +

John Bard Society members’ names are bolded



Daisy Soderberg-Rivkin ‘13 Ken Soehner Joshua Solondz ‘08 Beverly and Barry Solow + Henry and Beth Sommer Elisabeth Sommerfelt + Daniel M. Sonenberg ‘92 Carol S. Sonnenschein ‘53 + Dr. Debbie Sonu Jay Soorya Jeannie and Louis Sorell + Gracia P. and Howard D. Sorensen Dale F. and Heidi C. Sorenson Martha Soto James and Noell Sottile + Arthur and Donna Soyk + Clive A. Spagnoli ‘86 + Tami I. Spector Ph.D. ‘82 + Barry Spergel Gabriella Sperry + Spyridon and Phoebe Spetsieris Lydia Spielberg ’09 Jennifer Joli Spirer ‘68 Susan Sprachman Jacklyn E. Spring Marcia Sprules Archana Sridhar ‘98 and Kevin O’Neill + P. William Staby and Anne Vaterlaus Ann Stack David and Sarah Stack Elizabeth M. Stafford Kenneth Stahl Eve Caroline Stahlberger ‘97 + Jeremy Stamas ‘05 Laura E. Stamas ‘97 + Lisa Foley Stand ‘80 + Lindsay A. Stanley ‘12 Bonnie J. Star Barbara Stark Glenn and Agnes Statile Donald H. and Gayle T. Stauffer Andrea J. Stein ‘92 + Dr. Jeffrey Stein Joan M. Stein + Marion P. Stein ‘48 + Jeremy Steinberg + Freda Steinberger David M. Steiner Eirik S. Steinhoff ‘95 Donald H. Steinmetz ‘73 and Karen Wollaeger ‘73 Eleanor and Charles W. Stendig Andrew C. Stephens ‘05 Ken Stephens Chloe T. Stergides ‘12 Katharine Parks Sterling Lydia Sterling David Sterman Jolyon F. Stern ‘61 Stephanie Stern Timothy Sternberg ‘90 Barbara and Jeffrey Stevens + Brooke E. Stevens and Richard J. Willigan Cheryl L. Stevens Mavis and Harold Stevens Theresa Adams Stevens ‘86 + Brian and Carolyn D. Stewart Jonathan E. Stiles ‘94 Carol-Jeanne and Raymond M. Stock Bryan and Dianna Stockdale

honor roll of donors 59

Supporters, cont. Molly F. Stockley ‘96 + Adina-Raluca V. Stoica ‘11 Alexander J. Stokas Georgia Stokes Stephanie Stokes + Vincent S. Stoll ‘85 Jackie Stone ‘11 Katherine Stone ‘09 Michael A-B Stone ‘00 + Michael K. Stone Ronald and Marianna Stout Raissa St. Pierre ’87 Sarah Smith Strauss ‘93 + Dr. Jack D. and Mrs. Sonia M. Street Marjorie M. Streeter ‘55 Susan Strehle Jeremy Strick Mary T. Strieder E. A. Strimboules + Margo Strom Amy Strumbly ‘11 Forrest E. Studebaker Nicholas L. Sturgeon Drs. Albert ‘48 and Eve M. ‘49 Stwertka + Angelique A. and Seymour S. Sub + Joo Hee Suh Elin P. and Mark S. Sullivan Dr. Maura Sullivan Steven M. Sullivan Valerie Sullo ‘03 Carol Summers ‘51 + Catherine Sumner Marina Prager Sun ‘97 Vappu Sunnari Mark W. Sutton + Anna-Liisa Suurpää ‘57 Monty Swaney Douglas Swann Karen Elizabeth Swann + Linnette Swann Ann D. and Peter O. Swanson + Julianne Swartz ‘03 Peter and Sarah Sweeny Mary Beth Sweet + Walter E. Swett ‘96 + Dr. F. C. Swezy ‘60 Wieslawa Swierzbinski + Oliver J. Switzer ‘13 Elizabeth K. Swoboda ‘09 Brett Sykes ‘15 Patrick J. and Susan E. Sylvester Mr. and Mrs. Scott Symons Luke Syson + Illya Szilak Prof. Sarolta Takacs Susan Takao Lee Talbot ‘01 Rev. Dee Edward ‘75 and H. Leanne Talley + Corina Tanasa ‘00 + Ariel Yingqi Tang Joanna Tanger ‘07 + Dr. Folkert M. Tangerman and Amy R. Waldhauer Thomas W. Tank Laila Jane Tan-yu Stephen Tappis and Carol Travis+ Alix Tate Stephen W. Tator ‘51 + Steven B. Tatum ‘12

60 honor roll of donors

Adele and Ronald S. Tauber Frolic Taylor ‘70 Lauren Taylor ‘10 M. Paige Taylor ‘99 Jessica and Peter Tcherepnine + Olivier te Boekhorst ‘93 David W. Tellerday Andrea Tenner C. Thomas Tenney Jr. Alan S. and Barbara L. Tepper + Chris and Mila Tewell + Nora Tezanos Rev. Sarah and Nicholas Thacher Patricia Thatcher + Darius L. Thieme ‘51* Jeremy N. Thomas ‘00 Mizpah Thomas Dr. Nina K. Thomas Scott E. Thomas ‘85 + Geneva Thompson Jennifer Abrams Thompson ‘96 Lorna J. Thompson Kim Thomsen Tina Thuermer ‘73 + Jessie Thurston ‘02 + Helene Tieger ‘85 and Paul Ciancanelli + Patricia Laub Tieger ‘81 + Jill Timbers and Leo Saajasto John Tinker Lisa Tipton Lawrence C. Tistaert Stephen Haswell Todd ‘07 + Mark R. Toffolo Wai Quon Tom ‘05 Marianna Tomasino Ertug Tombus Danielle Tomson Amy Toth ‘00 + Dr. Kim M. Touchette ‘77 and Prof. Hilton Weiss + Dickran Toumajan ‘67 Roderick Townley ‘65 Erin Trahan Phuc ‘95 and Susan ‘96 Tran + Kristin Trautman + Seth B. Travins ‘97 + Dr. Toni-Michelle C. Travis ‘69 + Dr. Leslie Tremaine Dr. Louis Tremaine Jonah Triebwasser Kate (Carnevale) Trimble ‘94 Rushi and Shilpa Trivedi Michelle and Raymond Troll Prof. Eric Trudel Randy J. Tryon David Tsang ‘03 Wangmo Tsechik Thu Dat Tu ‘97 + Elijah S. Tucker ‘05 Jed Tucker Joanne Tucker ‘05 Pamela A. Tucker Susan B. Tucker Patrick C. and Valerie Turlan Ian Turner ‘09 James and Sean Turner Dr. Christopher G. Uchrin and Lisa C. Uchrin ‘85 + Barbara Uhl Emiljana Ulaj ‘12 + Jane and Lawrence Ulman

Karen Unger + Marissa Unger ‘13 Martha G. Upshaw and Dr. H. Tucker Upshaw Haruko Uramatsu Christopher Uraneck ‘99 + Rebecca Urciuolo Elisa Ureña ‘07 Anne Vachon ‘10 + Regina Vaicekonyte ‘11 Arturo Valbuena + Iren S. Valentine ‘92 Jean Valentine Gerard Vallone Maureen E. Van Ackooy Bo Van Den Assum Roy Van Driesche and Sheila Marks + Mouchette Van Helsdingen Susan Van Kleeck ‘78 + Mary and Richard van Valkenburg + Al Varady ‘88 + Emilie Vassar ‘05 Gilbert Veconi Victor Victoria ‘80 Joseph Vidich Mark Viebrock ‘76 + Abigail Vieregg Dr. Paul F. Vietz ‘52 + Judy Vieux Pamela Villars ‘75 Mary Kathryn and Chris Vinyard Linda A. Visser Daina Vitin + Amanda Vladick Alexandru Vladoi ‘11 Barbara Voerg Robert Vogel Lesa and Ernest L. Vogliano Jr. + April Volponi Beagan S. Wilcox Volz ‘96 + Vanessa Volz ‘00 + Franz P. Graph Von Walderdorff and Anna S. Von Walderdorff Sheila von Zumbusch Julianne Voss ‘96 Samantha Vuignier Kol N. and Maria Vulaj Robert A. Wachstein Winslow G. Wacker ‘82 Martha D. Wagner ‘53 + George C. Waldrep Meghann Walk Adam Walker Karen Walker ‘97 Karen M. and Peter H. Walker Stefanie and Daniel S. Walker Carole Wallace ‘52 + Pamela J. Wallace ‘87 + Penny and John Wallerstein Edith M. Wallis ‘64 Peter Wallis Steve Wallis Joan Walrond Matt Walter Michael Walter Nathalie R. Walter Chau Ha Wan Gillan Wang ‘91 Michelle Wang Gerald and Grace Wapner Dr. Ian Wardropper +

+ Donor has given for three or more consecutive fiscal years


Emma Warhover ‘11 Stuart D. Warner James Warnes and Philip Heavey Deborah Waroff Arete B. S. Warren + Pamela Washington Jeanne A. Wasinger Kyla Wasserman ‘10 Tracy Wasserman Dr. Kristin B. Waters ‘73 + Robin Watkins Joan Canter Weber + Lois Weber Kathleen Webster Melissa A. Wegner ‘08 Dr. Barbara Weil ‘76 + Drs. David S. and Miriam W. Weil + Marni Weil ‘67 Bibi Wein ‘65 Alexandra Weinbaum Dr. Sue Ann Weinberg Alexander Weiner ‘10 Alexander C. Weinstein ‘07 Paul H. Weinstein ‘73 + Jean M. and Michael A. Weisburger + Frida Weisman Lois F. Weitzner ‘49 + Dr. Leonard Weldon and Margaret Foxweldon Daniel T. Weller ‘60 + Diane Wells + Stephanie Wells ‘06 Courtney C. Wemyss + Samuel T. Wendel ‘12 Amy Werman The Westerman Family Dr. Dietmar B. Westphal Jon Wetterau ‘97 Evan Whale ‘09 Edward J. Whalen Elizabeth Whalen Murray Wheeler Jr. Francis H. Whitcomb ‘47 + Zafra Whitcomb ‘93 Anne and Alexander W. White + Landon C. White ‘12 Susan White + Daniel Whitener ‘09 Eileen Kern Whitener ‘09 Steven M. Whitesell ‘07 Thomas Whitridge Sarah Wick Renae Widdison Gail Wiederwohl ‘69 + Laura G. Wiegand Stanley Wiegand Gabriel Wiesenthal + Barbara Crane Wigren ‘68 + Thomas M. Wild Christina Wildt ‘15 Teri Wilkinson Amara S. Willey ‘90 Catherine R. Williams + Catherine S. Williams ‘78 + Christopher Williams Debra J. Williams + Elisabeth T. and Jesse Williams Gail M. Williams Dr. Kathryn R. Williams ‘67 + Kevin Williams ‘05 Laura T. and Michael R. Williams

John Bard Society members’ names are bolded



Wendy D. Williams ‘67 Alan Winkler and Vicki Banner Michael P. A. Winn ‘59 + Serita Winthrop Carl R. and Caroline G. Wirth Daniel and Nanci Wishnoff Lauren Wittels + Jill J. and Roger M. Witten Larissa Wohl ‘10 Tod Wohlfarth Gale Wolfe ’90 Emily Wolff ‘10 Florence Wolohojian Caroloyn W. and William Wolz + David Wong and Kam Chu Wu + Chung Sun Yoo Woo ‘54 + Prof. Japheth Wood and Mariel del Carmen Fiori ‘05 + Lucinda M. and Phillip M. Woolery Claire Woolner ‘11 David and Meliza E. Woolner + Natalie D. Woolwine and James Katis + Susan Worthman Christina Dee Wright ‘11 George Wright Richard T. Wright + Amy R. Wrynn ‘87 + Ying Wu

Marianne Wurlitzer Dr. Herbert M. and Audrey S. Wyman Jingjing Xu Xinyuan Xu ‘10 Jennifer F. Yaffar ‘85 Aliza Yaillen ‘13 Yawen Yang Keai Yao Erin Peck Yarema ‘02 Gabriel Yassky ‘10 John Yau Prof. Anna E. Yeatman David Yee ‘96 Max A. Yeston ‘08 Nina Yoh ‘05 Adam Yoksas Sheila York ‘78 Allen I. Young Eric Young ‘13 Peggy A. Young ‘80 Alexa Yu ‘15 Dr. Lorraine Yurkewicz ‘75 Ella and Natan Yusufov Drs. Benjamin and Lisa R. Zablocki + Marcus Zancope Dr. Theodore Zanker ‘56 + Karim Zaouch ‘97 Robert P. Zavada

Mike and Kathy Zdeb + Kristi Zea Christopher Zegar Julie and Gary Zegras Tomer Zeigerman Julie F. and Marc D. Zeitlin + Michael S. Zelie Dexin Zhou ‘09 + YuGai Zhu ‘11 + Dr. Michael and Naomi Zigmond Lara Zilio Kate Z. and Stephen M. Zimmerbaum Adam Zisman Ruth L. Zisman Petr Zlatohavek Mark A. Zuckerman ‘70 Dr. Athony C. and Laurie E. Zwaan Rachel Zwell ‘10 Gifts in Kind Konstanze Bachmann Anthony Barrett and Donna Landa + Dawn Barrios Jane Block Robert and Sandra Callaghan Pia Carusone ‘03 + Priscilla Cheeks Prof. Ellen Driscoll

Prof. Omar G. Encarnación Friedrich Petzel Gallery, Inc. Mark and Rebecca E. Gibbel Robert A. Goldfarb ‘59 + Alan Gosule and Nina Matis Jennifer Greene Norman Greig ‘70 Laura Hennen David A. Holden ‘91 Amy Husten and James Haskin + Benjamin and Cathy Iselin + Valerie Keller and Maximiliaan Rutten David R. Kornreich Kay Larson John Marcuse Vincent McGee Ken A. Migliorelli Caroline Muglia ‘04 + Mr. and Mrs. Robert B. Opatrny Corinna Parker Friedrich Petzel Jon Rutgerson Sav A Tree Jane Schlubach + Kathy Schulz Dr. Nina K. Thomas Beth Uffner + Karen Unger +

JOHN BARD SOCIETY NEWS The John Bard Society (JBS) held its annual luncheon at India House in New York City on December 4, 2015. The group reflected all of Bard’s constituents: alumni/ae, friends, faculty, and trustees. Five current students who received scholarship aid made possible by John Bard Society members also attended and animatedly shared their experiences of Bard. After a lively cocktail reception, the attendees were seated in a top-floor dining room with a view overlooking the treetops of Hanover Square. Debra Pemstein, vice president for development and alumni/ae affairs, greeted the guests. She thanked JBS members for their ongoing confidence in, and their generous support of, all that Bard strives to achieve. JBS members who passed away during the last year collectively gave over $3 million in scholarship support, Pemstein said, adding that, through their magnanimous estate planning, the next generation of Bardians will receive an outstanding education in the liberal arts and sciences. After lunch, Bard President Leon Botstein thanked everyone for attending. He answered questions and spoke about campus issues, the recent purchase of Montgomery Place, and his 40 years as president. He also took a moment to

reflect on the legacy of former faculty member Rev. Lyford Edwards, who taught at Bard from 1920 to 1947 and died in 1984 at the age of 102. Edwards established a trust at the New York Community Trust that still provides nearly $10,000 annually for scholarships. One of the first teachers of sociology in any American college or university, Edwards taught using methods that were radical for the time, which included sending students into prisons and onto picket lines to learn about social issues firsthand. Botstein concluded with a heartfelt thanks to all John Bard Society members. The John Bard Society recognizes and honors all individuals who have provided support for Bard through their wills, trusts, income gifts, retirement plans, life insurance designations, and other planned gifts. By joining others in the JBS, you can take satisfaction from knowing that you are part of an important legacy. For more information, and to learn how you can attend the next JBS lunch, please contact Debra Pemstein, vice president for development and alumni/ae affairs, by calling 845-758-7405 or by e-mailing All inquiries are confidential.

Nonprofit Organization

PO Box 5000, Annandale-on-Hudson, NY 12504-5000

Bard College


Bard College

U.S. Postage Paid

OPERA | July 22–31

DANC E | July 1–3



Composed by Pietro Mascagni Libretto by Luigi Illica American Symphony Orchestra, conducted by Leon Botstein, music director Directed by James Darrah

Music by Ottorino Respighi and Gioachino Rossini Choreography by John Heginbotham Puppetry and design by Amy Trompetter Featuring Dance Heginbotham FI LM SER I ES | July 21 – August 14

TH E 27 TH BAR D MUSIC FESTIVAL August 5–7 and 11–14

Puccini and His World Two weekends of concerts, panels, and other events bring the musical world of Giacomo Puccini vividly to life.

Puccini and the Operatic Impulse in Cinema SPI EGELTENT | July 1 – August 13

Cabaret, music, and more

TH EATER | July 7–17 World Premiere

Demolishing Everything with Amazing Speed Futurist puppet plays by Fortunato Depero Translated, designed, and directed by Dan Hurlin Created by the ensemble Produced by MAPP International Productions

Special SummerScape discount for Bard alumni/ae: order by phone and save 20% on most Bard SummerScape programs. Offer limited to 2 tickets per buyer and cannot be combined with other discounts. The 2016 SummerScape season is made possible in part through the generous support of Jeanne Donovan Fisher, the Martin and Toni Sosnoff Foundation, the Board of the Richard B. Fisher Center for the Performing Arts at Bard College, the Board of the Bard Music Festival, and the Friends of the Fisher Center, as well as grants from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, the Arthur F. and Alice E. Adams Foundation, the National Endowment for the Arts, and the New York State Council on the Arts with the support of Governor Andrew Cuomo and the New York State Legislature.

845-758-7900 | The Richard B. Fisher Center for the Performing Arts at Bard College. Photo: ©Peter Aaron ’68/Esto

Spring Bardian 2016  
Spring Bardian 2016