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APRIL 12, 2018

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CONTENTS

COMMUNITY

THE BALTIMORE JEWISH HOME

APRIL 12, 2018

Around the Community . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 Community Calendar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36

JEWISH THOUGHT Rabbi Zvi Teichman. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 Rabbi Motty Rabinowitz. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 Rabbi Dovid Jaffe. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39

PEOPLE 613 Seconds with Toby Friedman . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

HUMOR & ENTERTAINMENT Notable Quotes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Centerfold. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46

JEWISH LIFE Concussions and Children. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Dating Dialogue. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 Let My People Go!. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Forgotten Heroes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 BizWiz. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 Mental Health Corner. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 Life Coach. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 Political Crossfire. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 Your Money. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 Gluten Free Recipe Column. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70 In the Kitchen. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71

NEWS

B A LT I M O R E J E W I S H H O M E . C O M

Israel News . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 National. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 That’s Odd. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

Dear Readers, In Parshas Shemos, when the Torah relates how Moshe Rabbeinu told Dasan and Aviram to stop fighting, Rashi explains the words, “Moses became frightened and said, ‘Indeed, the matter has become known!’” by quoting a medrash, “the matter I was wondering about, [i.e.,] why the Israelites are considered more sinful than all the seventy nations, to be subjugated with back-breaking labor, has become known to me. Indeed, I see that they deserve it.” The fact that there were Yidden willing to inform on one another was reason enough for them to deserve golus Mitzraim. What is it about loshon hara that it would warrant such a drastic punishment? Indeed why has so much been written, and such an emphasis placed on, not slandering or speaking negatively about each other? Growing up, most of us were told something to the effect, “Whatever you do, please make sure you get along with your siblings.” Or, “It breaks our heart to see you fight.” Maybe we were better behaved and more in line with our parents’ wishes, but if we were not at peace with a sibling, it was as if we were cutting our parents to pieces; their spirit was only complete if there was unity in the family. The same is true with our Father in heaven. One Jew might be better behaved, learn more, and in general lead a more spiritual life. But were they to separate themselves from other Jews by speaking lowly of them, then the very spirit of Hashem would be “pushed out” of their presence. Hashem resides in unity. Even though we’re not perfect, as long there is ahavas Yisroel, Hashem will dwell among us. This is especially important in these last days of our exile when we can literally see the world changing in front of our eyes. It says in the gemara that sinas chinam, baseless hate, was the cause for our exile. It follows that ahavas chinam, baseless love, will be the cause for our redemption. Ahavas chinam means loving our fellow Jew not because of something they did or didn’t do, but rather because of a deep love and connection simply based on their being Jewish and part of the same family. When we rise above our differences then we can turn to Avinu Shebashamayim, our eternal Father in heaven, and request that He bring his family home accompanied with the great miracles and splendor promised when He originally sent us out on our long journey. Wishing you and your families a most wonderful Shabbos, Shalom

The Baltimore Jewish Home is an independent bi-weekly newspaper. All opinions expressed by the journalists, contributors and/or advertisers printed and/or quoted herein are solely their opinions and do not reflect the opinions of BALTIMORE JEWISH HOME, their parent company or affiliates, and may have been previously disseminated by them on television, radio, Internet or another medium. The Baltimore Jewish Home is not responsible for typographical errors, or for the kashrus of any product or business advertised within. The BJH contains words of Torah. Please treat accordingly.


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Around the Community

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THE BALTIMORE JEWISH HOME

APRIL 12, 2018

Hogan Calls 2018 Session Best He Has Ever Seen By: Staff Reporter

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record number of bills were introduced in Annapolis this session. Dominating the discussion were crime, guns, and school safety. Gov. Larry Hogan called this the best session he’s ever had. “We put forth a really aggressive agenda, almost all of which looks like it’s going to get done,” Hogan said. Crime bills overcame huge twists, turns and tweaks. One piece of legislation mandates a 10-year jail term for repeat violent gun offenders. A judge cannot suspend the sentence. Those convicted are not eligible for parole. Another bill requires second-time violent gun offenders to be sentenced to the mandatory minimum sentance under current law. Both bills passed

against the backdrop of community opposition. “There are lots of conditions that lead people down the path of violent crime. So preventing letting those things from happening is what actually decreases crime,” said Adam Jackson, president of Leaders of a Beautiful Struggle. The crime bills also contain social initiative enhancements, as well as $3.6 million in funding to increase Baltimore City’s Safe Streets program. “This will give us another eight areas to reduce crime in,” said Delegate Talmadge Branch. Lawmakers passed a measure to improve school safety. It requires public schools to have either a resource officer or plans in place for adequate law enforcement coverage by the upcoming school year.

“Everyone in the state wants to see that happen because no mom or dad should ever have to worry when they send their kids off to school, whether their son or daughter is going to come home safely,” Hogan said. Lawmakers gave final approval to changes in how they will handle sexual harassment complaints. The

measure extends the policy to include lobbyists. An embattled medical marijuana diversity bill is headed to the governor’s desk, and he believes additional legislation providing tax relief will pass. “We’re now ending with, ‘How much tax relief can we provide?’ But this is probably our most successful session out of the four years. In fact, I can’t remember any session in my lifetime where any governor got this much done with any Legislature and we happen to be a different party,” Hogan said. An amended version of the governor’s bill to provide tax credits to small businesses that give employees paid leave benefits is on his desk. It applies to business with 14 or fewer workers.

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Around the Community

Baltimore’s Annual Biyur Chametz Draws Close to 10,000 Participants

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t was a beautiful, albeit slightly windy and partly cloudy morning at Pimlico Race Course as Baltimore’s Jewish community members joined together for the 36th year to burn their chametz in

preparation for the first Pesach Seder. This annual event, created and still carefully supervised by Dr. Bert Miller, was held at the Pimlico Race Course Clubhouse Parking Lot, from 6:30 – 11:30 a.m. and close to 10,000 Jews from all denominations were on hand to participate. Photo Credit: Jeff Cohn Photography

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Toby Friedman - Director, Torah Together jority of people who were actively looking for chavrusahs were not new to Judaism; this demographic needed support. Many were already living a traditional or even observant Jewish life. Some had gaps in their Jewish knowledge for various reasons. They may have may have come to Judaism later in life, moved a lot as children, were lost in the cracks in day school, or just want to help their children with Hebrew studies. There are even those who went to seminary but would like to explore a subject with a like-minded chavrusa. As varied as the people who come to study are the the subjects they want to study. Some have an interest in Halacha; others would like to know more about the Parsha, or even study Mishnayos and Gemara. Still others would like to learn how to navigate a siddur, especially in shul, or even learn how to read Hebrew. How is a chavrusah chosen? I discuss the expectations, interests, level of knowledge and study options with the study partner. I then carefully match him/her with the most suitable partner. Many times a side but important benefit from the partnership is a close friend for life! What is the mission of Torah Together? Although we are fortunate to live

in a city that features renowned rabbis, speakers, and various shiurim, Torah Together enhances your learning experience in a very important, different and specialized way. It is a personalized chavrusah-based program that features one-on-one learning in a group setting. It is designed to give Jewish men and women of any learning level the opportunity to strengthen and advance in their Jewish knowledge. What is the cost for participants? Absolutely free. Shomrei Emunah Congregation graciously provides the space for Torah Together. We don’t believe that financial considerations should ever deter someone from strengthening his Jewish knowledge. Anything else you’d like to add? Anyone who is interested can stop by Shomrei Emunah on Wednesday evening, between 8-9pm to see the warm stimulating learning atmosphere. You can even grab a snack and meet with me to answer any of your questions. For more information or a chavrusah please contact me: tpfriedman@ gmail.com. 443-468-4598 (c), 410358-7670 (h)

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Are you a Baltimore native? Actually, I was born in Cleveland, Ohio where I went to Yavne High School and Seminary. My brother, Rabbi Leib Hoffman, was my unofficial shadchan, and I was introduced to my husband who was then a student at Ner Israel and currently is a rebbi there. Tell us about your family. B’H , all of my children are married. My youngest son was just married this past January and joined his 3 other siblings who are living in Lakewood, NJ. I have a son in Houston, Texas, a daughter in Monsey, NY, and two sons in Israel. I am fortunate to have my son, Aaron and his family living a few minutes away from me here in Baltimore. Of course, I would be remiss if I didn’t mention my delicious grandchildren. What communal organizations are you involved with?

I am a volunteer for Bikur Cholim. I was there at its inception when my mother o’h passed away. As a merit for my mother I started volunteering at GBMC, visiting Jewish patients. Through Bikur Cholim, Ruthy Wolman and I have been providing challah rolls, grape juice and candles for Shabbos for those patients who request it. In fact, GBMC will be opening a kosher pantry in the near future. I was also at Etz Chaim from its inception when my friend Suri Gibber wanted to start a new kiruv organization. Through the years I studied informally with many women who wanted to know more about Judaism. When Etz Chaim started a chavrusah program, Rabbi Porter, whom I am forever grateful to, hired me as the director where I successfully made hundreds of chavrusahs, b’H and helped guide their studies. Dr. Frona Brown, who unfortunately lost her wonderful daughter, Esther, was the heart beat behind Esther Ann Brown Adler Partners in Torah at Etz Chaim. In fact, Frona was my chavrusa and remains a close friend. What made you want to start Torah Together? This year I decided that it was time to start a new independent program. I saw in my experience that the ma-


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APRIL 12, 2018

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The Week In News

Deadly Terror Plot Foiled by IDF

A potential missile attack by the Islamic Jihad terrorist group was thwarted in Gaza by Israeli security forces this past week. The ringleader, Amin Sadi Mohammad Jumaa, was arraigned in Beersheba District Court for conspiring to use missiles to at-

tack Israeli naval forces and planning to kidnap IDF soldiers. The plans were only the latest move by the Gaza-based terror group. A terror tunnel they had dug under the border was discovered and destroyed last October, and the group was responsible for firing mortars from Gaza into Israel last November and December. The Shin Bet security agency revealed the terrorist plot during the planned six-week Gaza protest that is being called the “Great March of Return.” The protest has involved thousands of Palestinians gathering at the border fences between Israel and the Gaza Strip, while some have attempted to break through. Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu noted that the naval plot “proves the true intentions of the terrorist organizations in Gaza, which are trying to disguise their murderous intentions by provocative actions against the security fence. Their sole purpose is to provide a cover under which terrorists can carry out attacks

Join

against Israel.” The plan, which Jumaa confessed to, was to use a Gazan fishing boat as a decoy vessel that would travel beyond the allowed nautical range and then have a second boat fire a Cornet ship-to-ship rocket at the Israeli forces that would intervene. Palestinians then planned on boarding the boat from a third vessel and capturing any remaining soldiers. Islamic Jihad, with Jumaa’s help, had been gathering intelligence about the navy off the Gaza coast to prepare for the attack, the Shin Bet said. This was not Jumaa’s first involvement in terrorist-related activity. Six years ago he helped Hamas smuggle 300 kilograms of explosives by boat from Egypt to Gaza. Four years ago he was paid $6,000 to help smuggle 150 barrels of fiberglass through a tunnel that ran from Egypt to Gaza. Three years ago he used a tunnel to smuggle four Kalashnikov rifles and a pistol into Gaza. Prosecutors are seeking a life sentence for Jumaa for his involvement

in terrorist activity and for transferring information to the enemy.

Saudi Crown Prince Recognizes Israel

Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman made waves in the Arab world last week when he told journalist Jeffrey Goldberg that Israel has a right to exist and that he hopes to have a healthy and productive diplomatic relationship with the Jewish State. When the royal was asked if he

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The Week In News believes “the Jewish people have a right to a nation-state in at least part of their ancestral homeland,” he replied, “I believe that each people, anywhere, has a right to live in their peaceful nation. I believe the Palestinians and the Israelis have the right to have their own land.” The Crown Prince did say that a peace agreement with the Palestinians is still a requirement if formal relations were to be established between Saudi Arabia and Israel. “We have to have a peace agreement to assure the stability for everyone and to have normal relations,” he said. Taking a radically different stance than his predecessors, bin Salman said that he has “religious concerns about the fate of the holy mosque in Jerusalem and about the rights of the Palestinian people. This is what we have. We don’t have any objection against any other people.” When asked about anti-Semitism in his country he said that “our country doesn’t have a problem with Jews.... Our prophet, his neighbors were Jewish. You will find a lot of Jews in Saudi Arabia coming from America, coming from Europe. There are no problems between Christian and Muslims and Jews. We have problems like you would find anywhere in the world, among some people. But the normal sort of problems.” Israel has never had any official relationship with Saudi Arabia. Recently, Israel has hinted to having a secret agreement with the Kingdom, as both countries are concerned with an increasingly aggressive Iran. Saudi officials have denied any relationship with the Jewish State. However, in the past few years, Saudi and Is-

raeli officials have met on many occasions, and last month, Saudi Arabia allowed Air India to use Saudi airspace to travel to Israel. When discussing Iran, bin Salman said that Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, the supreme leader of the Islamic Republic, “makes Hitler look good. Hitler didn’t do what the supreme leader is trying to do. Hitler tried to conquer Europe. This is bad,” he added. “But the supreme leader is trying to conquer the world. He believes he owns the world. They are both evil guys. He is the Hitler of the Middle East. In the 1920s and 1930s, no one saw Hitler as a danger. Only a few people. Until it happened. We don’t want to see what happened in Europe happen in the Middle East. We want to stop this through political moves, economic moves, intelligence moves. We want to avoid war.”

Journalist Shot at Gaza Border during Protests

A Palestinian journalist was killed while he was covering the mass protests that were taking place at the Gaza-Israel border last week. The Israeli army has repeatedly said that Yasser Murtaja was not targeted on purpose

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and that his death was completely accidental. He was shot while filming the mass border protests in a thick cover of black smoke which came from the tires that the protestors were burning. “For weeks we have been warning against coming close to the fence and calling on Gaza’s residents not to obey the orders of the terror group Hamas and refrain from terror activities and other violent acts against Israel,” the IDF said. “Despite this, since last Friday, the IDF has been dealing with tens of thousands of people approaching the fence, all instigated by Hamas. In response, IDF forces are acting under clear orders designed for these circumstances. The IDF does not deliberately target journalists. The circumstances in which the journalist was supposedly hit by IDF fire are not known and they are being investigated,” the army said. Defense Minister Avigdor Lieberman said that he doesn’t “know who is or isn’t a photographer. Anyone who operates drones above IDF soldiers needs to understand he’s putting himself in danger.” Murtaja was known to use drone cameras to take his photographs. Lieberman added: “We’ve seen dozens of cases where Hamas terrorists used ambulances, dressed up as Red Crescent personnel, and disguised themselves as journalists. We won’t take any chances.” Assessments of the IDF’s actions found that everyone that was hit by IDF gunfire has been engaged in violence. “Hamas sent children out ahead [toward the fence], cynically using them,” said IDF spokesman Ronen Manelis. He went on to specify that eight explosive devices and numerous petrol bombs were thrown and that the IDF faced several attempts “to cut through the fence.” “There were attempts to carry out acts of terrorism … using the smoke [from burning tires] for cover,” he said. The IDF has ensured that the fence has not been breached.

Israeli Air Force Attacks Syrian Base Israeli pilots spent the predawn

hours on Monday carrying out a missile strike on an air base in central Syria. Fourteen people were reportedly killed in the attack which was protested by Russia because Israel did not inform Moscow of their plans ahead of time. Dmitry Peskov, spokesman for President Vladimir Putin, told reporters that the Kremlin was very upset about the bombing because Russian military advisors could have been present at the base, which he described as “a cause for concern for us.” America was given notice of the bombing before it took place. “This is a very dangerous development. I hope at least that the U.S. military and those of the countries participating in the coalition led by the United States understand that,” Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov told a press conference.

Israel has yet to release any statements concerning the attack, which came two days after Syria carried out a chemical weapons attack in the town of Douma. The target of the Israeli airstrike was the Tiyas air base, which Israel had previously attacked when the IDF said it was home to an Iranian drone program. Israel has repeatedly expressed its red lines when it comes to Syria. It will not allow the transfer of high-powered weapons to Hezbollah; it will not allow any breach of Israeli sovereignty; and it will work to prevent Iran from entrenching itself in Syria. Russian military officials said that the strike was carried out by two F-15 fighter jets. The jets fired eight missiles at the base, five of which were intercepted. A conflicting report out of Lebanon said that four Israeli warplanes violated their airspace, though two of them may have only been acting as escorts. No Russians were injured, and Israeli news outlets said that four Iranians were killed in the strike.


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The Week In News UK Politician Blames Only Israel for Border Conflict

The leader of the United Kingdom’s Labour party is calling for Britain to review the arms it sells to Israel. Jeremy Corbyn made his request in response to the recent escalating events along the Gazan border. Corbyn made no mention of the Hamas terror organization and the attempts of violent Palestinians to enter Israel when he called out the Israeli Defense Forces for their “illegal and inhumane” actions. “The

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UK government must support the UN Secretary-General’s call for an independent international inquiry into the killing of protesters in Gaza and review the sale of arms that could be used in violation of international law,” Corbyn said in his statement, which he also posted on Facebook. Corbyn continued to place the blame solely on Israel while calling the tens of thousands of Palestinian protesters who burned tires, threw firebombs and rocks, and tried to breach the border fence “peaceful protestors.” Israeli military spokesman Lt. Col. Jonathan Conricus said on Friday that Hamas organizers were trying to use protesters as a diversion to “open up the fence and then to insert terrorists into Israel.” Convicts said snipers were used “sparingly” and only against those that posed a “significant threat.” Corbyn has released statements of hate against Israel for a long time. He has repeatedly been accused of not doing enough to remove anti-Semitism from within his party, and just

spent time at a Passover event organized by Ewdas, a group that has in the past tweeted that “Israel is itself a steaming pile of sewage which needs to be properly disposed of.” Before Pesach, the leadership of Britain’s biggest Jewish groups organized an unprecedented demonstration outside the UK Parliament, accusing Corbyn of turning a blind eye to a resurgence of anti-Semitism in British politics, particularly within his own party. He long been associated with Paul Eisen, a Holocaust denier; has defended Reverend Stephen Sizer, who shared materials online linking Jews to the 9/11 attack;  and has welcomed Sheikh Raed Salah, who has accused Jews of murdering Christian children to use their blood in rituals, to Parliament. He has also referred to Hamas and Hezbollah as “friends” though  he later said he regretted using such language. The IDF has been clear that strong force was only used when Israeli lives were in danger. “Rioters have attempted to damage and cross the security fence under the cover of

smoke from their burning tires. They also attempted to carry out terror attacks and hurl explosive devices and firebombs,” the IDF said. “Our forces prevented breaches” of the fence.

National Guard Sent to Mexico Border President Trump is clamping down on the flow of illegal substances, criminal activity, and illegal immigrants entering the U.S. The proposed wall between the United States and Mexico is intended to be a final solution but until then Trump signed a proclamation last week that will transport the National Guard to the southern border immediately.


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The Week In News Homeland Security Secretary Kirstjen Nielsen said that the administration hoped the deployment would begin “immediately” in order to combat the “unacceptable” activity being reported at the border. “Despite a number of steps this administration has taken...we continue to see unacceptable levels of illegal drugs, dangerous gang activity transnational criminal organizations and illegal immigration flow across our border,” she said. “The president has directed that the Department of Defense and the Department of Homeland Security work together with our governors to deploy our National Guard to our southwest border to assist the border patrol. “We will not allow illegal immigration levels to become the norm,” she said. “More than 1,000 people a day, 300,000 a year violating our sovereignty as a nation will never be acceptable to this president.” The exact details of how many troops will be deployed and the

methods they will use to enforce border control have not been disclosed. During the George W. Bush administration, deploying the National Guard to the border reportedly ran expenses up to $415 million. Barack Obama also deployed troops to the border in response to security issues, although it was on a smaller scale. It is suspected that the Trump administration’s plan will be more similar to Bush’s intervention that lined up 6,000 National Guard troops along the border during his time in office.

Is Too Much News Dividing Us? In a generation that is so attached to their smartphones, Americans are consuming more news than ever. Social media apps, news sites, blogs,

and other apps push news into our faces daily. However, rather than make a generation that is more educated, loving, and accepting, research shows that the constant bombardment of news is actually driving us further apart. According to Neil Johnson, a physicist who now runs the University of Miami’s Complexity interdisciplinary group, which is examining collective behavior in a number of fields, research suggests that when it comes to digesting news, Americans now exist in a state of pure polarization. Most Americans either identify as extremely to the left or to the right, and fewer than ever identify as middle of the road. “Even on issues for which there is no conceivable counter-evidence, a surprisingly large number of people may (take) an ‘anti-crowd’ viewpoint, e.g. the many people who believe the world is flat and attended the 2017 Flat Earth International Conference,” Johnson and his team write.

This study confirms a 2014 Pew Research Center study that found a strong correlation between political engagement and polarization. Johnson believes there is more polarization simply because Americans are consuming more news. “I think it has to do with common information – everybody hears the same news, whereas in the past, it was, ‘Have you seen the news, or read the paper?’” he said. “More people are seeing news that they wouldn’t have seen in the past.” Although Facebook and other social media companies have recently revealed plans to change their algorithms to draw people together more than before, by connecting people who are friends of friends this trend will probably remain, according to Johnson. “It’s like using superglue at home when trying to fix something with many pieces,” he said. “Some will go toward gluing together what you want, but some spills out and glues


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The Week In News

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together precisely the bits that you don’t want glued and hence strengthened: the extremes.” Despite Johnson’s assertions, a recent Gallup study conducted in October 2017 found that 31% of Americans identified as Democrat, 24% identified as Republican, and 42% as Independent. So there seems to be some middle ground.

FBI Raids Trump’s Attorney’s Office

Protect the home you love. If you need home coverage, I can help. I live and work right here in our community. I know what the homes are like in the area. So I can offer advice you can trust to help you get the protection that fits your needs.

On Monday, FBI agent seized records from the office of lawyer Michael Cohen’s clients and personal finances. Among the seized records were those related to a 2016 case connected to President Donald Trump. The raids were part of an investigation referred by special counsel Robert Mueller to federal prosecutors in New York. Cohen is under federal investigation for possible bank fraud, wire fraud and campaign finance violations. On Tuesday, Trump lashed out at prosecutors after the raid that covered Cohen’s office, home and hotel room. “Attorney–client privilege is dead!” the president said on Twitter. Moments later, he fired off another brief early morning tweet: “A total witch hunt!!!” Search warrants for law offices are rare because of concerns about privileged materials, legal experts say. To serve a search warrant on a practicing lawyer, federal prosecutors are required to obtain approval from top Justice Department officials. There are exceptions to attorney-client privilege, including one known as the crime-fraud exception, which exempts communications in furtherance of a contemplated or ongoing crime or fraud.

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239672

WH Homeland Security Advisor Resigns

On Monday, the doors of the White House opened to allow in Trump’s new national security advisor Ambassador John Bolton. But just as Bolton was going in, White House Homeland Security Advisor Thomas Bossert was going out. Bossert resigned on Tuesday, according to the White House. Bossert served as a deputy homeland security advisor to former President George W. Bush, and has held positions in the Federal Emergency Management Agency, the Small Business Administration, the Office of the Independent Counsel, and the House of Representatives. Bossert was also appointed as the director of Infrastructure Protection under Bush. A White House source told Fox News that Bossert’s resignation is part of Bolton’s “cleaning house” at the NSC. It seems that Bolton is considering a merger of the NSC and Homeland Security Council (HSC) within the White House. Right now, the NSC and HSC function as separate bodies, with their own meetings and policy issues, but share a staff. Under the George W. Bush administration, the HSC and NSC worked as separate staffs. During the early years of the Obama administration, HSC and NSC merged, but later split. The NSC primarily focuses on U.S. foreign policy and nuclear proliferation, while the HSC focuses on national defense-related issues like terrorism and border security. If Bolton merges the HSC and NSC, the bodies would hold joint meetings on mutually-agreed upon issues, and provide joint policy recommendations to the president. Bolton has previously served in the administrations of Presidents Ronald Reagan, George H.W. Bush, and George W. Bush, and served as a


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The Week In News Bush lawyer during the 2000 Florida recount. Bolton served as U.S. permanent representative to the United Nations from 2005 to 2006, and as undersecretary of state for arms control and international security from 2001 to 2005. Bolton is now Trump’s third national security adviser—replacing H.R. McMaster, who replaced Michael Flynn. We’re hoping third time’s a charm.

Fine for Food Wanting to promote good, the University of Florida has instituted a new policy when it comes to parking violations on campus. University President W. Kent Fuchs tweeted last week that parking tickets that were given within the last year would be forgiven “with

food donations.” Students who received the tickets were able to donate food to charity in lieu of paying their fine. According to Fuchs, nearly 2,000 citations had been exchanged for 9,455 food donations. Products like peanut butter, canned peaches, and canned soup now fill the shelves of the school’s Field and Fork Pantry. Village of Cedarhurst, are you listening? This sounds like a great program to me.

License to Waste Money

How badly do you need your license plate to read “F1”? If you answered “very badly” and you live in the UK, then you better start counting your cash. In the UK, license plates can be transferred for profit. This one, the one that states “F1” now belongs to Afzal Khan, the owner of Kahn Design, a company that specializes in high end automobile customization. He bought the plate for $900,000 in 2008 and it now adorns the back his multi-million dollar Bugatti Veyron. If you don’t own one of those, that’s OK. Once you purchase the license plate, you can put it on any of your cars – even your Honda Odyssey. According to regtransfers.co.uk, the one-of-a-kind license plate is now priced at 14 million pounds – roughly $20 million. Kahn, though, says that he never authorized that amount and has asked the agency to take it down and replace it with “price on application.” Not necessarily because it was too high, but because he’ll only accept an “astronomical figure” for it. If Kahn finds any takers, a sale could potentially set a new record, which today stands at $14 million for a plate sold at a charity auction in Abu Dhabi in 2008. You can also play the license roulette and just let the number fall as they may. Certainly cheaper that way.

Crash Test A driver failed her driving test when she crashed her car into the front of the Department of Motor Vehicles. The 46-year-old was backing into a parking spot during her test when she accidentally pressed the gas instead of the brake. The car smashed into the front windows of the Connecticut DMV. The driver was not injured, al-


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The Week In News

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though something tells me that her ego was dealt a major blow.

Cleaning Bonanza What did you find when you were cleaning out your drawers for Pesach? Jason Jacobs earned him $50,000. The

Missouri resident did some cleaning of his own earlier this month and found a twomonth-old Powerball lottery ticket worth a whopping tens of thousands of dollars. He had bought three tickets on January 24 but placed them in his truck and forgot about them. “I cleaned out my truck last week and pulled out the tickets from my console to check them,” he told Missouri Lottery officials. “First thing I did was check how long the ticket was good for before it ex-

pired. I was afraid it had already expired for my chance to claim it. And then I realized I was still in the loop of not running out of time.” Jacobs said he and his wife scanned the tickets at a local QuikTrip store. They were confused when the scanner’s reader pulled up the message, “Claim at Lottery office.” “So we took the ticket up to the register to have it checked, and the lady said, ‘Sir, you just won $50,000,’” said Jacobs.

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“My wife said, ‘Oh, my G-d, Jason! Oh, my G-d, Jason!’” The couple said the money will go toward a college fund for their 9-month-old daughter and possibly a family vacation. And maybe some cleaning help too.

Secret to Long Life? Want to live long? Perhaps Masazo Nonaka has the answer. On Tuesday, Nonaka was certified as the world’s oldest living man, at 112 years, 259 days. He received the certificate from Guinness World Records in a ceremony at his home in Ashoro, Japan. His family shared a big cake decorated with berries with the supercentenarian. After taking a bite of the cake, Nonaka declared it “delicious.” Born on July 25, 1905, Nonaka grew up in a large family and succeeded his parents running a hot springs inn, which has been in the family for four generations. The 105-year-old inn is now run by his granddaughter Yuko. He regularly soaks in the springs and also enjoys eating sweets, especially cakes. Nonaka, wearing a knit cap and a kimono-style jacket, flashed a smile and posed for a group photo with his family, making a victory sign with his right hand. He moves around in a wheelchair and reads a newspaper after breakfast every morning. Nonaka loves to watch sumo wrestling and samurai dramas on TV. His favorite pastime, though, is soaking in the hot springs and relaxing. Nonaka has outlived all seven of his siblings, as well as his wife and two of their five children. He is one of about 67,800 centenarians in Japan, the fastest-aging country in the world, with the highest average life expectancy — 80.98 for men and 87.14 for women, according to the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare. Guinness says Nonaka replaced Francisco Olivera of Spain, who died earlier this year at age 113, as the world’s oldest man. A 117-year-old Japanese woman, Nabi Tajima, who is currently the oldest living person in Japan, is expected to be certified as the world’s oldest person, replacing Violet Moss-Brown of Jamaica, who died in September at age 117.


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Mail checks to: Ahavas Yisrael Charity Fund c/o Janine Chapman 2723 Woodcourt Road Baltimore Md. 21209

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Torah Thought

Getting a Leg Up On Life By Rabbi Zvi Teichman

Traditionally at the end of each of the Shalosh Regalim, we conclude the marvelous Yom Tov experience with a gathering of family and friends and celebrate one “last hurrah” in what is commonly referred to as the ‫נעילת החג‬, Ne’ilas HaChag, literally translated as the “closing of the Holiday”. Alternately Ne’ila may more specifically mean to “lock”, as if to imply our sincere desire to preserve the inspiration we gained in the course of the Yom Tov, not allowing it to escape. Yet the Tikunei Zohar '‫(תיקון נ"ח ד‬ ):‫ צב‬relates this phrase: ‫נעילת החג‬, to a verse that extols the beauty of our nation as we donned our ‫נעלים‬, ‘shoes’ and made the thrice yearly pilgrimage, trekking to the Bais HaMikdash to celebrate the festivals there.

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‫מה יפו פעמיך בנעלים בת נדיב (שה"ש ז‬ )‫ב‬, How beautiful are your footsteps in sandals, O daughter of nobles. It almost seems to intimate the commemoration of our ‘booting’ up our shoes as we prepare to make the long and arduous trip back home. Why is the end of the Yom Tov symbolized in the ‘sandals’ we put back on? Why is the beauty of our people expressed specifically in the ‘footsteps’ of the journey more so than in the actual celebration in Yerushalayim and the sacrificing of the many korbanos there? The very term the Torah chooses to refer to the holidays: ‫שלש רגלים (שמות‬ )‫כג יד‬, seems connected to the word ‫רגל‬, foot. Truthfully, Rashi translates

‫ רגלים‬as times, accenting the cycles in time these days reflect, but the Talmud ).‫ (חגיגה ג‬clearly understands ‫ רגלים‬as referring to feet. It derives from the use of the root word '‫ 'רגל‬in describing the holiday, that a person who is lame in one leg, thus deficient in the use of his ‫רגל‬, is exempt from making the pilgrimage to Yerushalayim. A few verses later the Torah describes the obligation to ascend to Yerushalayim three times a year using a different noun: ‫שלש פעמים בשנה (שם‬ )‫שם יז‬, Three times during the year... Here too, the Talmud sees the relationship between the root word ‫פעם‬, as a reference to the ‫פעמיך בנעלים‬, beautiful footsteps in sandals as they went up to Yerushalayim, extolled earlier in the verse in Shir HaShirim. It excludes from this verse one who is stumpedlegged, who can’t ‘step’ into shoes and ‘pound’ the pavement with his foot. )‫(חגיגה שם‬ What is truly ‘afoot’ here? We celebrate the festivals to achieve three goals. Each Yom Tov we step back from the involvement in the physical world and dedicate ourselves to G-d anew. We reorient our perspective and objectives. In the midst of the agricultural seasons; Pesach in the spring, when the fruits begin to ripen; Shavuos in the period of harvesting; Sukkos at the time of the ingathering of the bountiful crops, we assert our allegiance to a benevolent Creator, not allowing ourselves to lapse into the delusion of personal physical success that so often deters us from adhering

to His will. The festival cycles also serve as a reference point in time by which to measure our spiritual growth. Each Yom Tov reaffirms the basic tenets of our faith; Pesach, ‫אמונה‬, faith in G-d as the Creator of the universe; Shavuos, ‫תורה מן השמים‬, acceptance of the Divine guidelines for life; Sukkos, ‫בטחון‬, trust in the system of Divine accountability, ‫שכר ועונש‬, and the joy that stems from awareness of G-d’s intimate involvement in both the good and bad that comes our way, that all is ultimately for the best. Finally the three festivals with its unique injunction to ‘rejoice’, ‫ושמ־‬ ‫חת בחגך‬, offer us the opportunity to infuse our souls with joy and excitement. That emotional high we experience each Yom Tov will fortify us to successfully face and overcome the challenges we face daily in our lives. It is a time to recharge our ‘emotional batteries’. Each of the Avos reflects one of these goals. Avraham Avinu directed the world’s attention away from their animalistic instincts, revealing before them a most benevolent Creator who inspires every facet of our lives. Drawing the masses unto his tent, Avraham emulated G-d’s kindness in the warmth he extended even to the furthest most wayfarer, introducing humanity to the Divine message of morality and nobility of spirit. ‫יקח נא מעט מים ורחצו רגליכם (ברא־‬ )‫שית יח ד‬, Let some water be brought and wash your feet... In the Torah’s very first reference to feet in a human context, Avraham indicates that the feet which is man’s natural and closest point of contact to temporal ‘earth’, must be cleansed from the dust that buries man in physical needs. If we can wash away that which sullies our clear view of the Divine, will we be inspired to a life of dignity and purpose. This is the first ‘leg’ in our journey of the festivals. The Talmud ):‫(ר"ה טז‬ teaches, ‫חייב אדם לטהר עצמו ברגל‬, One must purify himself before the festi-

val. The first goal in celebrating the '‫ 'רגל‬is do remove the physical influences which weighs us down so we may stride purposefully towards a life filled with meaning. Perhaps the word ‫ רגיל‬which means usual, habit and regular is rooted in this idea. We must break away from that which is comfortably familiar and rise to new heights of devotion and dedication in our commitment to G-d and his Torah. When Esav rushes towards Yaakov Avinu and his family, he is overwhelmed by Yaakov’s graciousness and in turn offers to escort his brother. Yaakov responds by telling him the children are too tender and the flocks too delicate to travel at Esav’s normal hurried pace. ‫יעבר נא אדני לפני עבדו ואני אתנהלה‬ ‫ ולרגל הילדים (שם‬...‫לאטי לרגל המלאכה‬ )‫לג יד‬, Let my lord go ahead of his servant; I will make my way at my slow pace according to the gait of the drove... and the gait of the children... Spiritual success needs paced progress. Impetuousness can not achieve meaningful and lasting growth. Esav epitomizes the here and now, hungrily getting to one’s objective as quickly as possible. No wonder in all his haste he exhausted his chance to share in the legacy of his father. Yaakov understands that only by a conscientious and contemplative paced growth, can one attain true greatness. In this context the careful, directed and measured ‘steps’ emphasize the value of ‘timing’ that is necessary to mature healthily. This then represents the ‫ רגלים‬as milestones of time in the journey of life. By measuring our slow but steady development that builds up each year layered upon the previous cycles of growth, as experienced in the festivals we celebrate, we are able to consistently add new levels of inspiration, not allowing ourselves to stagnate in our service. This instills within us the patience necessary for success and the


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ursday eve: 7-8:30pm

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ights Ave. • Baltimore, MD 21215 410-843-7536 hebrewfreeloan.org

ursday eve: 7-8:30pm

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ursday eve: 7-8:30pm

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B A LT I M O R E J E W I S H H O M E . C O M

THE BALTIMORE JEWISH HOME

APRIL 12, 2018

resolve to avoid the dangers of a hasty and impatient quest for achievement. Indeed, ‫שלש רגלים‬, three markers in ‘time’, that assure our healthy progress in avodas Hashem. Footsteps are called ‫ּפְ עָ ִמים‬. A bell is called a ‫ּפַעַ מֹון‬. Just as a clapper that makes contact with its outer shell resonates with sound, so too does the the clap of our foot against the ground resound with a message. One can hear the purposefulness, the joy, the zeal in the ‘voice’ of one’s footsteps. Lethargy, disinterest or depression can be quickly sensed in the slow and dragged steps that cry out its despondence.

Once again a reference to the ‘foot’ appears at what can perhaps be categorized as the first ‫עלייה לרגל‬, pilgrimage to Har HaMoriah, the location of the future Temple! The goal here was to perpetuate Yitzchok’s joy in the face of his being slaughtered. The sounds of his happiness with his fate resonated from the deliberate strides he and his father took as they celebrated this magnificent opportunity. He sought to assure it would remain by asking to be bound and unable to resist.

‫מה יפו פעמיך בנעלים‬, How beautiful are your footsteps in sandals

‫ ויעקד‬is numerically equivalent to ‫ּפָעַ ם‬, to step, 190!

G-d discerns the sounds of joy, the pining for closeness, the sense of purpose in the ring of our footsteps. The patter of our feet in our quest to bond with the Almighty in His home, the Bais HaMikdash , reverberate with a tale all its own.

This concludes the final goal of the festivals we celebrate ‫שלש ּפְ עָ ִמים‬ ‫בשנה‬, for in each one we seek to emote with enthusiasm the sounds of our ‘feet’ dancing and ‘clapping’ loudly, expressing our joy and satisfaction in our service to G-d!

At the Akeidah Yitzchok strode with a confident joy alongside his father Avraham. The Torah states twice: ‫וילכו שניהם יחדו‬, And the two of them went together, once prior to Yitzchok becoming aware of his fate and once again after he discovered he was to be slaughtered. The joy he experienced before and after was nevertheless identical. They went with a common joy in the knowledge they were fulfilling G-d’s will wholly.

The ‫חכמי הסוד‬, the wise men who reveal the mystical teachings, explain the deeper meaning behind the prohibition to eat the ‫"מרבה רגלים" (ויקרא‬ )‫י‬, numerous legs, i.e., a centipede, one of the creeping creatures that is listed among others one may not consume:

Not wanting instinct to deter him from his mission, Yitzchok requests of his father to bind him lest his reflex interfere with the ritual slaughter. )‫ויעקד את יצחק (בראשית כב ט‬, He bound Yitzchok. Yitzchok in his desire to maintain the joy he sensed sought to be bound so nothing would interrupt his focus so that his joy would not wane. Rashi points out that the root ‫עקד‬ alludes to the ‫עקודים‬, the ankles, the area of the leg where an animal is bound.

“...this alludes to those people who won’t let their legs rest, who would rather run to and fro seeking the emptiness of this world... the “numerous legs” is a sign of impurity in stark contrast to the “abider of tents” which indicates purity...” ‫(אחי המהר"ל‬ )‫בספר החיים ח"ב פ"ה‬ We place our shoes that give us mobility in connecting to the world around us, onto our feet with a renewed sense of direction. We define the '‫'רגל‬, by the strides we have taken in the course of the festival, hopefully infusing them with a spirit, strength, and joy that will give deeper and more purposeful direction in accomplishing our mission as we step forward in life!


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THE BALTIMORE JEWISH HOME

APRIL 12, 2018

B A LT I M O R E J E W I S H H O M E . C O M


Nissan 30

Nissan 23

Sunday

2018

Iyar 22

Iyar 15

Iyar 8

Iyar 1

Nissan 24

Monday Nissan 25

Iyar 2

Iyar 16

Iyar 9

6:30pm - 7:30pm @ Beth Tfiloh Mintzes Theater

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1

Iyar 23

- - - May - - -

8

Iyar 3

Nissan 26

Wednesday

11

18

7:00pm - 8:30pm

Iyar 10

Iyar 17

Iyar 24 Chai Lifeline Community-Wide Symposium

9

2

25

@ Beth Tfiloh Congregation 7:00pm - 9:00pm

Community Wide Yom HaAtzma’ut Celebration

Jewish Center for Yom HaZikaron: Memorial Parkinsons Day for Israel’s Fallen Sol- @BJSZ 7:45PM diers and Victims of Terror see page 2

17

10

Tuesday

April May 9

16

23

30

7

6:00pm - 10:00pm

Baltimore Shidduch group Shidduch Center Annual Fundraiser 8:00pm - 10:00pm @ Laurie’s House

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4

27

20

13

Friday Nissan

7:24 PM

Iyar 5

7:31 PM

Iyar 12

7:38 PM

Iyar 19

7:45 PM

Iyar 26

12

5

Nissan 29

Saturday

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21

Iyar 27

8:49 PM

Iyar 20

8:41 PM

Iyar 13

8:33 PM

Iyar 6

8:25 PM

Suburban Orthodox

Celebrating Israel at 70: Scholar in Residence

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Community Calendar

Iyar 4

Nissan 27

Thursday

12

19

Ohr Chadash Academy’s Annual Yom Ha’Atzmaut

Iyar 25

Iyar 18

Next BJH Issue

Iyar 11

Program 5:30pm - 7:45pm @ Shomrei Emunah

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3

10

8:56 PM

B A LT I M O R E J E W I S H H O M E . C O M THE BALTIMORE JEWISH HOME

8

15 Tools for Positive Thinking; Seminar for Women 3209 Fallstaff Rd 2-4 PM see page 3

OCA Presents Parsha through Steamm Fair

Iyar 7

3:30pm - 5:30pm @ OCA

22 M. Leo Storch Memorial Lecture

Iyar 14

BY High School 8:15 PM see Cover Page

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Iyar 21

Shoresh BBQ Banquet 2:30pm - 7:00pm @ Shoresh

6 Bikur Cholim of Baltimore Brunch

7:51 PM

APRIL 12, 2018

to have your future event listed in the Community Calendar please contact Ads@BaltimoreJewishHome.com

Bnai Jacob Shaarei Zion 10:30 AM see page 17

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THE BALTIMORE JEWISH HOME

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38

The Big Picture

B A LT I M O R E J E W I S H H O M E . C O M

THE BALTIMORE JEWISH HOME

APRIL 12, 2018

Forward we go By Rabbi Motty Rabinowitz

Following our festive Pesach, we now pass through the intermediary days of Sefiras Ha’Omer, the daily counting of the Omer, all the way until the upcoming Yom Tov of Shavuos. We are told in the Torah, ‘Usfartem Lachem’ – and you should count (these days) for yourselves. There are actually two other mitzvos in the Torah that also encompass counting. The first commandment relates to the counting of the years within the fifty-year Yovel cycle. The Torah instructs us, ‘Vesafarta Lecha’, and you should count (the years) for yourself.

The second commandment relates to the counting of the seven clean days necessary before immersion in the Mikvah, for the ritually impure Zav and Zava, those with bodily discharges. Here the Torah instructs a woman who must immerse in the Mikvah, “Vesafra La”, and she must count for herself. However, a brief comparison between these different ‘countings’ reveals that the enumeration of the Omer is unique in two specific ways. The first differentiator is with regards to who counts in each circumstance. In the case of the Yovel cycle,

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only the Sanhedrin, the supreme court that handles the management of the Jewish calendar, counts the years. Similarly, in the case of the person who must cleanse in the Mikvah, only those effected individuals must count the seven clean days. However, the counting of the Omer requires every Jewish male individual to count each day. This is due to the terminology used by the Torah, ‘Usfartem Lachem’, and you should count, in the plural. The second contrast is with regards to how one counts. When the Sanhedrin counts each year in the Yovel cycle, according to many authorities it does not necessitate a verbal recitation, “This is so and so year”. It merely emphasizes that the Sanhedrin must keep track of the years of the cycle. Similarly, we find a discussion when it comes to an individual counting the seven clean days prior to immersion in the Mikvah. Rabbi Yishayahu Horwitz, the Shela”h HaKadosh, felt that a woman must verbally recite the enumeration of the seven days. However, Rabbi Yechezkel Landau, the Noda B’yehuda and most other authorities, felt otherwise. This counting is again merely meant to emphasize that a woman must keep track of the days prior to Mikvah, but she does not need to verbally recite which day it is. However, when it comes to counting the Omer, we are told we must verbally recite the daily tally. Even writing the given milestone on paper, or listening to someone else recite the correct day, might not suffice. Given these contrasts, we must of course ask ourselves how and why Sefiras Ha’Omer requires the participation of each individual, and why is necessitates nothing less than a verbal statement. The Shem Mishmuel relates the distinct requirement of individual participation to the underlying theme of the Omer. We are now proceeding from our physical redemption as we exited Egypt, to our spiritual emancipation on Shavuos, when we received the Torah as our guiding light. The path to such spiritual growth is extremely varied and must be individualized for each person. We all have our own personal vices, and tainted character traits. Each of us must find our

own personal paths forward to spirituality. No two paths are the same. At the same time, we are all counting together towards a shared goal of accepting the Torah in unison at Mt. Sinai. For the Jewish nation to thrive, we must all contribute, but in our own individual way. Only then can we become a ‘a kingdom of priests’. This dichotomy of individualism vs community starts earlier, at Pesach itself. While Pesach is considered to be the ultimate national Yom-Tov, it also contains the only place in the Torah where we are instructed to individualize the message for each person. We read in the Hagaddah about the Four sons who potentially sit at the Seder table. Only here are we told to tailor our story and relationship to each child, and via a very specific medium. “‫ ”והגדת‬- we must tell the story of the exodus, verbally, word by word. I believe this explains the second unique characteristic of Sefiras Ha’Omer and emphasizes the underlying message of this period. After an exhausting Yom Tov with the family, it is only natural and normal to want to return to our jobs and daily routine and ‘move on’ from that intensity. This is however, not the direction of progress. Pesach begins our re-awakening from the deep slumber of winter, to revitalize our relationships to ourselves and to each member of our family. But it is only the beginning of this critical process. At the Seder we recognized the uniqueness of each child and invested in a real relationship with them. We talked to them. We must not ditch this realization, but continue in that same vein forward promoting the specialness of each individual. As we move through the Omer, we continue to appreciate and focus on this message. We are all worthy of growth, we are all capable of transformation. Getting there, requires more than just intellectual contemplation of these relationships. Just as at the Seder, we must continually verbalize, actualize and concretize this understanding. Growth requires encouragement, it needs warmth. We need to talk, we need to relate. With this positive synergy, we can collectively develop as a nation of growing individuals, and reach that ultimate goal of a holy and ethical nation.


39

Contemporary Loshon Hora Issues

By Rabbi Dovid Jaffe

was known to them. • In such a scenario, one is not only permitted, but even obligated to reveal the information. • There is also an obligation for the individual with the deficiency himself to disclose this information. At times, this personal obligation goes above and beyond the obligation of others to disclose information about him. • When a similar deficiency is found in the other party as well, one may not be required to reveal the information. Now we will proceed to discuss further details of offering information (which is not in response to a question).

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Obvious Deficiencies There are individuals with deficiencies that are readily apparent, such as a lisp, a limp, or certain deficiencies in social skills. These deficiencies should not be related. They will become apparent to the other party in any case, and mentioning them serves only to draw one’s focus to them, which will not serve a constructive purpose. However, there are some cases where even these apparent deficiencies should be revealed. This is when it is probable (in one’s estimation) that the other party would never consider a candidate with such a deficiency. In such a case, it would be a great waste of time, energy, and other resources for the party to research the individ-

Adhering to the Conditions Whenever divulging information, one must be certain to adhere to the general conditions of saying Loshon Hora for a constructive purpose. There are seven conditions which are discussed by the Chofetz Chaim at length. The following are the conditions which are most relevant in our discussion: 1) He must verify that the information is true. If he only knows it secondhand, he must make it clear that he does not know the information firsthand. 2) The information must be presented as is, without any exaggeration. 3) The speaker must intend to speak for a constructive purpose, and not out of hatred for the subject of the information. Included in this caveat is a requirement to assess that a constructive purpose will come from his words. If it is very likely that the listener will not take his words into consideration, it is forbidden to reveal the information. In the upcoming article, we will complete our discussion of these halachos, before proceeding to discuss the guidelines for information which may only be related as a response to a question. *Interested readers can e-mail dovidjaffee@gmail.com to receive the sources for the rulings.

B A LT I M O R E J E W I S H H O M E . C O M

Infractions from One’s Youth Suppose that one is aware of a severe infraction that an individual committed when he was younger. However, he has since changed his ways, or at least, there have been no negative rumors about him for a significant amount of time. In such a case, a halachic authority must be consulted to determine if he should reveal the information, as there are a number of

Regarding Commonly Asked Questions There are certain investigations which are commonly done by one looking into shidduchim. If one was not asked, he generally may not offer information about those deficiencies which people frequently inquire about. If the other party was really interested in such information, they would have looked into it themselves. Their failure to do so indicates that it is not important to them. The exact standards of which investigations are commonplace may vary from community to community. Therefore, one would have to determine the community standards which the individual subscribes to before deciding if they should reveal the information. Having taken the above into consideration, there are situations in which the information would be significant to the other party, and the lack of proactive research is due to naivety, or lack of familiarity with the shidduch system. In this situation, it may be permitted to reveal the information. A halachic authority should be consulted.

ual, only to discover on the first date that the entire prospect was untenable. Thus, one may inform that party about the deficiency in such a case. Alternatively, there are times when one would be able to accept a certain deficiency if told about it in advance. However, if it comes as a surprise, he may be “turned off ” by it. In such a situation, one may also reveal the deficiency to the other party in advance. A halachic authority must be consulted to determine if and when the deficiency should be related.

APRIL 12, 2018

This article is adapted from my upcoming sefer on the laws of Loshon Hora in contemporary times. All halachos mentioned herein are complex and part of a larger framework. The purpose of the article is to raise awareness of these essential halachos. Hence, one should not draw any practical conclusions without first consulting a rav. Review of Previous Article In our previous article, we discussed the importance of familiarizing oneself with the laws of Loshon Hora as it relates to shidduchim. One must weigh carefully what to say and what not to say, as one who errs in either direction could negatively impact the entire future of the individuals under discussion. We began to delineate some of the guidelines for when one may and must offer negative information, even when not asked for such information. Let us summarize our main points before continuing: • One may only offer information regarding a significant deficiency of which it can be assumed that the other side would never go through with the marriage if this deficiency

factors to take into consideration to verify with confidence that he will not repeat his former actions.

THE BALTIMORE JEWISH HOME

Loshon Hora in Regard to Shidduchim PART II


40

Notable Quotes

APRIL 12, 2018

“Say What?!”

B A LT I M O R E J E W I S H H O M E . C O M

THE BALTIMORE JEWISH HOME

If this were the shoe on the other foot – if this were Hillary Clinton being investigated and they went into her lawyer’s office – the ACLU would be on every television station in America jumping up and down. The deafening silence of the ACLU and civil libertarians about the intrusion into the lawyer-client confidentiality is really appalling. – Alan Dershowitz on Fox News following the raid of the home and offices of President Trump’s personal attorney Michael Cohen and the potential “intrusion into lawyerclient confidentiality”

I am an observer; I investigate nothing. All I do is look and write what I see and what I hear, and my job — which has nothing to do with truth — is to take what I see and what I hear and write that in a way that readers can come as close as possible — as close as I came — to the experience of doing this. I want to be able to turn what I see into something that a reader says, “Oh, I see that too.” - Fire and Fury author Michael Wolff speaking to the student publication of his alma mater Vassar College and defending his work on President Donald Trump’s administration

Scientists have invented sensors that you can mount onto your teeth to track your diet from inside your mouth. Or, you could just eat less. – Conan O’Brien

No leader in history has recognized Jerusalem as the capital of the Jews and Israel. [Trump] has already created a great tikkun (reparation) for the Christians through his unprecedented relationship with Jerusalem. Trump is the representative of Edom that will perform that final historic reparation for his entire nation by building the Temple. - Rabbi Yosef Berger, who is the rabbi in charge of Dovid Hamelech’s kever on Mount Zion, in a recent interview with Breaking Israel News

It sounds illogical that the Third Jewish Temple will be built by non-Jews, but rabbinic sources state explicitly that this is what they must do to fix the historic wrongs that were committed. - Ibid.

MORE QUOTES


The Jewish Home | OCTOBER 29, 2015

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THE BALTIMORE JEWISH HOME

To me it’s creepy when I look at something and all of a sudden it’s chasing me all the way across the web. I don’t like that. - Apple CEO Tim Cook talking about online ads and discussing Facebook’s business model in an interview on MSNBC

We could make a ton of money if we monetized our customers, if our customers were our product. We’ve elected not to do that … We’re not going to traffic in your personal life. Privacy to us is a human right, a civil liberty. - Ibid

- Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg responding to Cook in a Vox interview

Hey Netanyahu! You are an occupier. And it is as an occupier that you are on those lands. At the same time, you are a terrorist.

APRIL 12, 2018

You know, I find that argument, that if you’re not paying that somehow we can’t care about you, to be extremely glib. The reality here is that if you want to build a service that helps connect everyone in the world, then there are a lot of people who can’t afford to pay and therefore, as with a lot of media, having an advertising-supported model is the only rational model that can support building this service to reach people… But if you want to build a service which is not just serving rich people, then you need to have something that people can afford.

- Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan during a speech on April 1

The most moral army in the world will not be lectured to on morality from someone who for years has been bombing civilians indiscriminately. Apparently this is how they mark April 1 in Ankara. - Prime Minister Netanyahu’s tweet in response to Erdogan

You take my record of accomplishment, you compare it to any governor in modern history, and I think you will see that we have done more. - Gov. Andrew Cuomo in an interview with NY1

- Ibid

It’s not a political statement and I didn’t do this because someone dared me to do it. Just don’t like Facebook. Gives me the willies. Sorry. – SpaceX and Tesla CEO Elon Musk’s tweet after deleting the Facebook pages for both of his companies

This is yet another political move by the Trump administration to implement its white supremacist agenda and to drag our nation back to the false “white paradise” of the 1950s. - Statement by the Council on American-Islamic Relations (CAIR) about the Commerce Department’s decision to ask people in the 2020 Census if they are American citizens – a question which has been on numerous previous censuses

If you want to have an arms race we can do that, but I’ll win. - President Trump to Vladimir Putin during a recent phone conversation, according to an NBC News report

MORE QUOTES

B A LT I M O R E J E W I S H H O M E . C O M

I think it’s important that we don’t all get Stockholm Syndrome and let the companies that work hard to charge you more convince you that they actually care more about you. Because that sounds ridiculous to me.


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OCTOBER 29, 2015 | The Jewish Home

THE BALTIMORE JEWISH HOME

APRIL 12, 2018

42

I believe the Palestinians and the Israelis have the right to have their own land. But we have to have a peace agreement to assure the stability for everyone and to have normal relations. - Saudi Arabian Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman in a recent interview with The Atlantic, in an apparent shift in policy towards Israel

We have religious concerns about the fate of the holy mosque in Jerusalem and about the rights of the Palestinian people. This is what we have. We don’t have any objection against any other people.

An 80-year-old man in Arizona is on trial for robbing a bank. Apparently, he slipped the teller a note that said, “Do you know why I came in here?” – Jimmy Fallon

MORE QUOTES

The Jewish Home | OCTOBER 29, 2015

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- Ibid

No excuses: there is never a reason to carry a knife. Anyone who does will be caught, and they will feel the full force of the law. B A LT I M O R E J E W I S H H O M E . C O M

- London’s Mayor Sadiq Khan tweeting about London’s new policy of not allowing people to carry knives because of a dramatic increase in knife attacks in the city

I tried to do it in a way that didn’t overtly involve me. - Bill Clinton in an interview with Israel’s Channel 10, confessing that he intervened in the 1996 Israeli elections to try to help Shimon Peres defeat Benjamin Netanyahu

[Netanyahu] wanted me to know that he knew I wasn’t for him and he beat us anyway… And he was being very “Bibi.” … I wasn’t so much angry as just bemused by the brashness with which he played his hand. But that’s who he is. He did a very good job of it. – Ibid., recalling Prime Minister Netanyahu’s first visit to the White House after winning the 1996 election

I worked almost continuously to clean until the holiday came clean and I did not have time to think about the extra task that I had this year. During the holiday, my rabbi came to me and asked me why I did not come to sell chametz this year. Then I remembered that I had actually forgotten to sell the chametz. - A grocery storeowner in Yerushalayim recalling to Kol Berama how he forgot to sell his chametz before Pesach because of the absence of his brother, who had been responsible for the sale for many years

We took out the chametz and completely burned it. I was left with a loss of NIS 50,000 but Jewish law is Jewish law. - Ibid.


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OCTOBER 29, 2015 | The Jewish Home

43

Health & F tness

THE BALTIMORE JEWISH HOME

Concussions and Children By Hylton I. Lightman, MD, DCH (SA), FAAP

APRIL 12, 2018

T

In a concussion, the force is transmitted to the head and can result in usually short-lived symptoms such as headaches, brief loss of consciousness, nausea, and/or dizziness. These symptoms are believed to be due to a temporary shift in the neurotransmitters (chemicals that allow cells to communicate) in the brain. This helps explain the symptoms associated with a time-limited injury such as a concussion. In reality, a concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury. The brain, comprised of soft tissue and cushioned by spinal fluid, is encased in the hard, protective skull. It can move around inside the skull and even bang against it. If the brain bangs against the skull – for example, in a fall on a playground or a whiplash-type of injury – blood vessels can tear and the nerves inside the brain can be injured. These injuries can cause a concussion. Diagnosing a concussion can

be a frustrating process. Whereas an x-ray or MRI will reveal a broken bone or torn ligaments, present technology doesn’t include imaging or blood tests that enable a definitive diagnosis of a concussion. Medical providers will sometimes order head CTs or brain MRIs to make sure that there is not a more severe injury, i.e., bleed into or around the brain, but the scans cannot diagnosis a concussion. Currently, diagnosing relies on a detailed history and physical exam. Does your child have a history of headaches or migraine headaches? Is there a learning disability? Is there a tendency to depression or anxiety? If an injury occurs when a child is playing in an organized sport, a sideline assessment should be performed to look for common post-concussive symptoms. Depending on the severity of the presentation, your physician may refer you to an emergency department in order to evaluate and

to help rule out a more severe injury. You may wish to check out whether your child’s school, camp, athletic team or gymnastics program has an emergency protocol in place. If yes, are you aware of what is the protocol should there be, G-d forbid, an injury or accident? I advocate that any child involved in contact sports or gymnastics should complete a yearly – either at the pediatrician’s office or for the athletic director – SCAT2. This assesses brain function. By having a baseline completed SCAT2 on record, it can serve as a basis of comparison if there are any injuries. What should be done for one who has had a head injury or concussion? First, seek professional help. Coaches and/or Certified Athletic Trainers (CATs) are often the first people on the scene when a child is concussed. Ideally, they have been trained to conduct a proper sideline assessment. Ideally, many perform

B A LT I M O R E J E W I S H H O M E . C O M

he Pesach dishes are packed away and chometz is once again ubiquitous. Although here on the calendar spring has not yet quite sprung, Little League season is looming, as is a return to outdoors sports and activities. So there’s no time like the present to segue to a discussion about concussions and children. What does a parent need to know? Let’s define “concussion.” A concussion is a complex process that affects the brain. Typically, it’s an injury brought on by a mechanical force that causes temporary changes in the way the brain works. People think they happen when someone is knocked unconscious while playing sports. This is true only partially. Most concussions occur off the playing field or court: Think car or bicycle accidents, fights, or even minor falls. Concussions can happen with any head injury, often without a loss of consciousness.


THE BALTIMORE JEWISH HOME

APRIL 12, 2018

44 baseline assessments prior to a season beginning so there is a sense of each person’s bottom line. Further, they should be in touch immediately with your child’s pediatrician or Hatzalah. Getting an immediate sense of how your child is doing after an impact is the most important step in protecting him from worsening head injuries. If there’s a head impact, it’s best to sit it out. Obtain the proper sideline assessment no matter what because you can still sustain a concussion without losing consciousness. The person should be watched closely for signs of a concussion, even if the person feels okay. An undiagnosed concussion can put someone at risk for brain damage and even disability. So anyone who has any symptom of a concussion should be seen as soon as possible by a doctor. Sports-related concussions glean loads of attention. If you suspect a sports-related concussion, please

take the following steps: 1) The player should immediately stop playing or practicing; 2) The player should be checked by a doctor before resuming practicing or playing. Pediatric neurologists claim that

What do we do for the other 20%? If you have concerns, have your child reevaluated: You know him best. There’s no one “prescription” of rest and that can be applied to all cases. The nuances of each injury and the

Getting an immediate sense of how your child is doing after an impact is the most important step in protecting him from worsening head injuries.

most (80%) concussions are resolved within 2-3 weeks of the injury. Rest (both physical and mental) is a big factor here and your physician can help guide you.

urs! o t g n i at spr e r g r o wf call no

Dr. Hylton I. Lightman is a pediatrician and Medical Director of Total Family Care of the 5 Towns and Rockaway PC. He can be reached at drlightman@totalfamilycaremd.com, on Instagram at Dr.Lightman_ or visit him on Facebook.

individual patient need to be considered before determining ongoing intervention and treatment. It’s important that you communicate regularly with the physician.

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As the weather is forecasting warmer temperatures, we will be outdoors a lot more. Kids will resume riding bikes to school. There’s also skateboarding. Please make sure that your child wears his helmet and follows the rules of the “road.” People may try to taunt him into being a daredevil. Empower your children from the inside out to follow the rules that are there for their protection and wellbeing. If they don’t take you seriously, consider sitting together with them and visiting websites such as headstrongforlife.org which has pictures and videos of children who have sustained head injuries – and whose lives have been changed irreversibly. As always, daven.

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Flower Delivery Club

Chaya Hollander and Ze’ev Steimberg Yossi Glaser and Chaya Rivky Rochwarger Nachum Meir Goldstein and Pessy Graber Jeremy Diamond and Rachel Levy Toby Horowitz and Chaim Deutsch Rena Greenlinger and Yehuda Furst Aharon Brilliant and Chana Polter

APRIL 12, 2018

Chana & Moshe Dejman, Baby Girl Naomi & Noki Ganz, Baby Boy Simon & Nechama Jakobovits, Baby Boy Yehuda and Naema Tenenbaum, Baby Girl

Engagements

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Births


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TJH g! Fraud Warnin EDIATELY! SE READ IMM EA PL ! G IN N R WA US! THIS IS SERIO d the company calle velope from a en an This t ! IT ge u If yo T OPEN rv ice, DO NO Se e ar. nu ye ve y Re er e ev Internal around this tim am sc a ch es hi at w , er ey group op em mon at you owe th th s m es ai of cl r n io tte Their le the operat use to pay for d t. an en m ke rn ta ve ill they w ted States go ns of the Uni used sential functio IRS collects is e money the Th on ! ue nd tr pe un de This is ns which her corporatio ot s ou ri va to fund . ay in business subsidies to st r shady outfit s ties to anothe ha n tio za ni n, who claim This orga Administratio ty ri cu Se al ci hecks and save called the So ur regular payc yo om fr ey uses the mon to take mon tr uth, the SSA In t. en re em fa tir el ate w it for your re guided corpor the same mis ey to pay for mastermind. the IRS helps -worked honest, hard tists have bilk ar ’t be am on sc D e . es rs Th of dolla t of billions ou s an ic er m ing A among them!

Centerfold You gotta be

kidding

Late one night a mugger wearing a ski mask jumped into the path of a well-dressed man and stuck a gun in his ribs. “Give me your money,” he demanded. Indignant, the affluent man replied, “You can’t do this – I’m a U.S. congressman!” “In that case,” replied the robber, “give me my money!”

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Taxing Comments • “Taxation with representation ain’t so hot either.” -Gerald Barzan

• “People who complain about taxes can be divided into two classes: men and women.” -Unknown

• “The income tax has made more liars out of the American people than golf has.” -Will Rogers

• “More than ever before, Americans are suffering from back problems: back taxes, back rent, back auto payments.” -Robert Orben

• “The difference between death and taxes is death doesn’t get worse every time Congress meets.” -Winston Churchill • “If you are truly serious about preparing your child for the future, don’t teach him to subtract—teach him to deduct.” -Fran Lebowitz • “[On filing for tax returns:] This is too difficult for a mathematician. It takes a philosopher.” -Albert Einstein • “In this world nothing is certain but death and taxes.” -Benjamin Franklin

• “Isn’t it appropriate that the month of the tax begins with April Fool’s Day and ends with cries of ‘May Day’?” -Rob Knauerhase • “We’ll try to cooperate fully with the IRS, because, as citizens, we feel a strong patriotic duty not to go to jail.” -Dave Barry • “How is a mugger different from the Internal Revenue Service? Both take your money, but the mugger doesn’t make you fill out forms.” -Jacob Sullum


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1. What is IRS an acronym for? a. Invisible Rattle Snakes

2. Which of the following states has no income tax? a. Delaware

b. It’s Really Stealing

b. Florida

c. I Remain Solvent... barely

c. Utah d. California (ha, ha, ha)

d. It Really Stinks

f. Intentional Raiding Society g. Incredibly Rude and Smug h. Internal Revenue Service….and all of the above…ding! ding! ding!

a. To pay politicians who sacrifice so much for the greater good. Whereas most Americans travel in luxury, they are forced to travel in big, black Suburbans, driven by scary looking security guards. They are also forced to travel – to various

b. To fund bridge and tunnel projects c. To fund the Civil War d. To fund World War I 4. The FBI employs 36,000 people. How many people are employed by the IRS?

d. 114,000 5. If someone sells illegal drugs in North Carolina is he obligated to pay tax on it? a. a. Yes b. b. No 6. Approximately how many words is the U.S. Tax Code? a. 300,000 b. 700,000 c. 1.2 million d. 4 million

a. 12,000 b. 56,000

 Form AK75-42(b)6(b) b(6)6(b)71-37S(5)A (Short Form: Wisdom Key) 5-6 correct: You know way too much. You know what they say about people who cheat at TJH trivia? They probably cheat on their taxes as well. Who is knocking on your door? 3-4 correct: You are a "50 percenter," like the rest of us taxpayers in New York. 0-2 correct: You know nothing about taxes, you probably never paid them. Hey, you should run for office; you have the right resume.

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4. D 5. A- The sale of illegal drugs is taxable in North Carolina. Of course, the drug dealers wouldn’t report the income if it meant that they would be busted for the sale. So the way it is set up is that the dealer would go to the authorities — anonymously, of course — and pay a tax based on the weight and the type of drugs he was holding. He would be given a tax stamp, not

 Answers

3. Federal income tax was first established for which purpose?

1. H 2. B- The other states with no income tax are Alaska, Nevada, South Dakota, Texas and Washington (state, not D.C. obviously, which has that whole “taxation without representation” shtick that they cry about all day). 3. C- In 1862, in order to support the Civil War effort, Congress enacted the nation’s first income tax law. Good job, Confederates, way to go!

e. Very Bad Agency (Perhaps that doesn’t make sense...I just did my taxes, nothing makes sense right now)

c. 73,000

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golf courses around the country – on planes which are flying spas. It’s very hard for them, and hopefully the federal income tax helps us line their pockets well enough to reward them for all of their hard work.

THE BALTIMORE JEWISH HOME

Taxing Trivia

unlike the tax stickers on cigarette packs. The dealer could then place the stamp on the drugs he is selling. Needless to say, the drug dealers – for some odd reason – don’t comply. (Come to think of it, the lawmaker who thought of this plan may have been one of their clients.) 6. D- Maybe as a punishment every politician in Washington should have to read all 4 million words.


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OCTOBER 29, 2015 | The Jewish Home

Dating Dialogue

What Would You Do If… Moderated by Jennifer Mann, LCSW of The Navidaters

Dear Navidaters,

My mother raised me and my siblings, from an early age, to be very practical when it came to marriage, career, and finances. She married very young, was never able to pursue a career, and she and our father always struggled somewhat financially. So from early on, the message was that we get our master’s in whatever field we choose and then, at age 22 or so, would begin to date and worry about marriage.

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Even though my friends came from homes with totally different messages, I respected my mother’s opinion and had every intention of following her advice and not even date until I had a degree in hand. After Israel, my friends were busy with shadchanim and dating and I was on a totally different page and I was O.K. with that. My mother’s advice made sense to me. I’m in law school and, despite my lack of any effort, I met a guy in class. It really came from left field. We just happened to have sat next to each other in class, and coming from the most innocent of places, we began to chat and get to know one another. We found we really had a lot in common and had a tremendous chemistry together. After class, we would sometimes go out for a cup of coffee or just take a walk together. We both have several more years of school ahead of us and I really don’t know what to do. I know that if I mention him to my parents, they will go ballistic! This was not the plan! But I really am developing very strong feelings for him, and I know the feelings are mutual. He wants to start “officially” dating and I’m afraid to rock the boat. I always assured my parents that I agreed with their sentiments and I don’t want to disappoint them. On the other hand, I have friends who are already complaining to me about their dating and how difficult it is to be set up with someone wonderful. How should I handle this?

Disclaimer: This column is not intended to diagnose or otherwise conclude resolutions to any questions.

Our intention is not to offer any definitive

conclusions to any particular question, rather offer areas of exploration for the author and reader. Due to the nature of the column receiving only a short snapshot of an issue, without the benefit of an actual discussion, the panel’s role is to offer a range of possibilities. We hope to open up meaningful dialogue and individual exploration.


New Democratic Leadership for Baltimore City

“We complain about Baltimore City living - education problems, lack of affordable housing, not enough good paying jobs, outrageous crime rates, and poor public transportation...it’s time to fight harder and get what we deserve in Annapolis.

Tucking my children into bed at night, I want to believe that tomorrow will be a better day for our families, our neighborhoods, and our city. But hope is not enough.

Please support my Central Committee Slate!

Please vote for all four!

Kalman Finkelstein is a co-owner of a chain of Maryland furniture stores and a partner in Masada Tactical. A fourth generation city resident, he lives with his wife Gina and their five children only a few miles from where his ancestors originally settled. He has been very involved in community and public safety issues, and is very concerned about taxes, strengthening business growth and job creation.

Shevy Friedman is a pediatric physical therapist with a doctorate from Touro College (New York). She runs a private practice, Early Steps Therapy, where she works to ensure that all children, especially those with special needs, have access to resources, skills, and opportunities to reach their own unique potential. After five years of working for the Baltimore City Public Schools, Shevy was a founding member of the JEWELS Inclusive School, where she is on the Board of Directors. She and her husband Howie have four children.

Sean “Shmop” Weisbord has worked in the retail real estate industry for the past ten years, successfully negotiating numerous leases with leading national retailers and small businesses. The Baltimore native launched his business career in Australia and lived and worked on four continents before returning here 15 years ago with his wife, Lia, and four children. In addition to acting and film production, he uses most of his spare time in community service and is active on several non-profit boards.

Absentee ballots: In order to vote for Dalya Attar, you must be a registered Democrat with a Baltimore City address on your license. Voting Via Absentee Ballot: 1. If you are not sure if you are registered to vote , or if you are not sure if you're registered as a Democrat (which you must be in order to vote for Dalya) , check here: voterservices.elections.maryland.gov/VoterSearch 2. If you need to register to vote or to change your party to Democrat , register here: voterservices.elections.maryland.gov/OnlineVoterRegi stration/InstructionsStep1

Democrat Primary - June 26th Early voting begins June 14th. Step 9 in that link allows you to request an absentee ballot. You can choose to have it mailed to you or get an emailed link to download your ballot from the elections website. If you are out of town, it is best to select the download link option. 3. If you completed step 2, you can skip this step. If you are already registered as a Democrat, you can use this link: http://voterservices.elections.maryland.gov/OnlineVot erRegistration/InstructionsStep1 to request an absentee ballot. You can choose to have it mailed to you or get an emailed link to download your ballot from the elections website. If you are out of town , it is best to select the download link option.

4. Ballots are sent or posted to the website about 3 weeks before an election. The election is June 26th. If you chose to download your ballot, they will send you an email when your ballot is ready. The email will include a link where you can print your ballot and instructions. 5. Completed ballots can only be returned in person to your local state board of elections in Baltimore City, or by mail. They must be postmarked before June 26th.

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Tehila Fink has worked extensively with and serves as a strong advocate for children with disabilities, She authored a paper advocating for their rights in the education system. An attorney at Luchansky Law Firm, she has a Bachelor’s in Psychology and graduated from University of Maryland School of Law. She was born and raised in Baltimore, and is married to Mickey Feldbaum.

Voter Registration deadline: 6/5

APRIL 12, 2018

Send me to Annapolis to be a strong advocate for you. Let’s work together, not just for our children’s future tomorrow, but for all of our families today.”

Raised in a working-class Baltimore City family by immigrant parents who came here for greater opportunities, I watched them struggle to overcome hardships. Now, as a mother of two children and a Baltimore City attorney, I understand the challenges local families face today.

THE BALTIMORE JEWISH HOME

DALYA ATTAR for Delegate – District 41

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The Panel The Rebbetzin Rebbetzin Faigie Horowitz, M.S. espectful communication is the way to go. Make sure to acknowledge the practical aspect of your parents’ experience and approach as well as the high cost of your law school education. We can safely assume that you took out student loans to pay for school as your parents don’t have means. This means that you are already in debt. Tell your parents that you appreciate the training they gave you in life skills and being prepared to support oneself. You need to mean it. Show them that you value the fact that you had to earn your pocket money and get summer jobs. Need has made you stronger, more inde-

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pendent, and motivated. Statistics show that people who earned money when they were kids earn more later in life. Nonetheless, share with them that opportunities do come your way and you want to start dating someone you met at school. Reassure them that this doesn’t mean you are disregarding their approach. Show them that you are practical and are not committing to marriage while still in school, and demonstrate that you understand debt, budgeting family finances, and what costs are involved in raising a Jewish family. You will not rush into something but you want to explore your relationship with this young man and see where it goes. Hashem is the ultimate shadchan and you will see if this relationship with a fellow student is one of His matches.

Your parents will worry that you will marry the first guy you date. Their concerns about your debt are valid, and they are nervous about you going forward with someone who cannot support you yet. Be frank yet be sensitive to their fears. Bring him home and have them meet him informally so that they can see his positive qualities. Take it slow. Be transparent and understanding. And see what develops. The present is not necessarily the future. Most people need to get their feet wet and do not marry the first person they date. Learn communication skills as you go and see what happens as you respectfully keep your parents in the loop about what is going on inside your head and heart.

B A LT I M O R E J E W I S H H O M E . C O M

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Sarah Schwartz Schreiber, P.A. ours is another example of “Mommy plans, G-d laughs!” There are many single women out there – with degrees and impressive salaries – who would trade places with you in a heartbeat. Specifically, they would swap their diplomas for a compatible, fulfilling relationship. If common sense does not conv ince you, consider these facts. There is a large cohort of professionals – I’m talking doctors, accountants, social workers, teachers, and nurses – who are dating and waiting. When they will marm ry, time will tell. There is an equally high number of couples who are finishing college or professional school while enjoying the benefits of a happy marriage. Almost all will graduate. Remember, school years are proscribed and finite. The dating period (AKA, The Parsha) is nebulous, lasting from several

Rules are meant to be broken.

months to who-knows-when. While I can’t predict whether you’ll marry your surprise suitor, I encourage you to give this young man serious consideration. About your mother going ballistic? Trust me when I tell you that, in spite of her “Not-Before-Age-22” caveat, she may privately doubt the wisdom of her logic. Even if she initially balks when you tell her about your “college friend,” I’m sure she’ll give you her blessing if you explain your sincere, carefully considered intentions. Sometimes it takes a shadchan; other times, by the grace of Hashgacha, your bashert may land gently on your doorstep.

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The Shadchan Michelle Mond an plans and G-d laughs.” Isn’t it true? Do not miss the opportunity to go out with Mr. Classmate. If your relationship flourishes toward engagement, start by figuring out a financial plan for the first few years until employment. Once you have a solid plan, speak to your parents and disclose your relationship and communicate your plan so that they appreciate your level-headed approach. Don’t fear a negative reaction from your parents. Realize that rules are placed by your parents as safeguards, to instill a mindset and guide your actions to protect you

“M


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lived. Hatzlacha!

The Single Tova Wein hat an unexpected and exciting occurrence. I think you are quite lucky to have met someone worth getting to know in such a natural and easy way. More people

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It is important to develop your own voice and be able to express it.

should this lead to marriage. Show them that you are mature and have thought this thing through. After a few well- intentioned questions, no doubt your parents will be thrilled for you and encourage you to move forward.

Pulling It All Together

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should be so lucky! I think it would be a big mistake not to pursue this potential relationship. My guess is that despite your parents’ general rules, they are open minded enough to understand that life happens and we can’t plan every detail of our lives. Maybe their fear is that you’ll drop out of school or not be able to support yourselves, should this relationship turn into the real deal. I think you need to discuss this with them and assure them that you have no intentions of giving up your schooling and ultimate career and that you’ve given some thought to how you would manage,

THE BALTIMORE JEWISH HOME

from entering into a relationship in which there is no foreseeable plan for financial stability. However, rules are meant to be broken, and when situations such as these arise, your parents will likely be open to considering your individual situation. Indeed, you are both in respected graduate programs and on a path towards financial stability, G-d willing. You might have to tighten your belts for the first few years, but given your career plans, this financial struggle will be short-

The Navidaters Dating and Relationship Coaches and Therapists

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comes into our lives… for better or for worse. What I am sensing from your email is that you are scared to speak to your parents. Maybe you are scared to disappoint them; maybe you are scared of making the wrong decision yourself. I don’t know. And I also don’t know what will happen with this relationship. What I do think is of utmost importance is that you develop the confidence as a young woman to speak directly with your parents about what is going on and what it is that you want. You’re an adult now, soon to be a lawyer. Whatever happens, it is important to develop your own voice and be able to express it, even when you are very afraid of deeply disappointing someone or making them “go ballistic.” So, have you thought about what it is that you want? You have op-

talk about this and approach this as a team. I’m open to discussion and hearing your concerns, and I hope that you’ll be open to what I’m experiencing. Good luck with the conversation! If your parents truly do “go ballistic,” hopefully once they calm down they will be able to hear you. And if they are very tough and unrelenting types with a “my way or the highway” approach, then you will have to decide at what point you are going to give yourself permission to do what you know is right in your own heart. Sincerely, Jennifer Esther Mann, LCSW and Jennifer Mann, LCSW are licensed psychotherapists and dating and relationship coaches working with individuals, couples and families in private practice in Hewlett, NY. To set up a consultation or to ask questions, please call 516.224.7779. Press 1 for Esther, 2 for Jennifer. Visit www.thenavidaters.com for more information. If you would like to submit a dating or relationship question to the panel anonymously, please email thenavidaters@gmail.com. You can follow The Navidaters on FB and Instagram for dating and relationship advice.

B A LT I M O R E J E W I S H H O M E . C O M

h i s r e l at ion s h ip ought to be given a real shot. You have to take it out of the dark and bring it into the light of day, which entails letting your parents know you’ve met someone wonderful. Chemistry, shared interests and strong feelings are hard to walk away from. If you don’t pursue it, you will always be left wondering, Was he the one that got away? Your mother and father raised you with a very admirable message and work ethic. Before you enter marriage, be able to support yourself. Your parents understand how difficult financial strain can be on a marriage and family. And they are right. They love you and they want to shield you from the hardship they experienced and continue to experience. And look at you…they raised you well. Here you are in law school, having absorbed their values and having had every intention of going with the program. You’ve met a wonderful guy. We truly have no control over when the right one

tions. I don’t know where you stand hashkafically, but I know many couples that met in graduate school and either dated until they graduated and got engaged after graduation. Then got married after one or both had jobs. Then, there are those couples that meet in graduate school and for their own reasons decide to get married in grad school. They create a financial plan, living within a strict budget and making it work. For now, put the bigger picture on the backburner, and focus on one task: talking to your parents. Here is a potential script for the conversation with your parents: There’s something important I need to speak with you about. A while back, I met someone in law school. I never planned for this to happen. What I planned was to date after law school, once I was settled financially, in line with the way you have raised me, for which I have the utmost respect. He and I have been spending time together, and we have feelings for one another. I’ve decided that I have to explore the possibility of a real relationship with him. I hope we can


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Let My

The Jewish Home | MARCH 28, 2018

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People Go! TJH Speaks with former Prisoner of Zion R’ Yosef Mendelevich By Susan Schwamm

It was the late 1980s and the home of Reb Shlomo Freifeld,

zt”l, was a popular destination on Shabbos afternoon for many who sought to hear Reb Shlomo’s words of wisdom, imparted during his weekly shalosh seudos drasha. With his flock around him, Reb Shlomo would sit propped up in a large chair, hardly able to move due to progressive back cancer. The lessons he taught were invaluable in molding his many students who came from near and far to hear him speak with passion about what it means to be a Yid. But at one particular shalosh seudos he taught his students perhaps the most important lesson without even uttering a word. It was when a guest from Israel, Reb Yosef Mendelevich, walked in. Reb Shlomo looked towards the end of the long table and, with a look of surprise, noticed the slight man. Reb Shlomo lifted his eyes and tilted his head back. With a sense of urgency he turned to his gabbaim and said, “I must stand up right now.” The gabbaim realized that they should not question this unusual request of their rebbe. After several minutes of maneuvering, Reb Shlomo was standing at his full height. The room was silent as the former Prisoner of Zion, R’ Yosef Mendelevich, made his way towards Reb Shlomo for a warm embrace.


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Perm 36 Labor Camp (photographed in 1972). In the center, the hut in which Yosef was imprisoned. Photo taken from the guard post

The prisoner’s gaze a few hours after his release from prison, March 1981

But young Yosef tried to sway justice in his own way. “My G-d,” he begged his Creator, “I do not want my father to be imprisoned. Do not let tragedy befall us.” Yosef writes in his book, Unbroken Spirit, “It was the first time in my life I was aware of turning to G-d. I had no religious upbringing, and knew nothing about the Creator of heaven and earth. And yet, though I didn’t even know if He existed, still I prayed to him.

lectures around the world about his experiences and emunah. He speaks fluent English, Russian, Yiddish, and Hebrew. But at the time of his bar mitzvah Yosef did not know Hebrew. He did not know much about his religion. What he did know was about the rituals that Jews perform on certain holidays. On Pesach, his father would manage to bring a few matzos for the Seder and he would regale his children of the history of the Jews,

dition that were performed in the Mendelevich home stoked the Jewish embers in Yosef’s soul. “I can still remember how I ground up matzah to make matzah meal for kneidlach, or how I stuffed hamantashen with poppy, or crushed potatoes for latkes,” he writes. “These preparations involved arduous effort.” But still, he says, “A warm corner is reserved in my heart for not just the joy of celebrating the holidays but the joy of preparing for these holidays, which seemed no less exciting than the holidays themselves.” Asked about how we can inculcate our children with a love and desire for Yiddishkeit, Yosef demurs. “I’m not going to instruct you how to do that.... People say I’m a hero but I’m a regular man. And whatever I did, everybody can do. I tell the children I speak with that when I was a regular Russian citizen I lived a dull life. But then I discovered the meaning of my life – being Jewish! Being alive is the biggest meaning to be a Jew! Being Jewish is the best thing in your life; you will be happy. Being Jewish is the secret to happiness.”

"If in a time of crisis you find yourself asking for divine help, ultimately you will come to acknowledge G-d."

“I suppose this happens frequently. Unless your ears are deaf to your heart’s entreaties, if in a time of crisis you find yourself asking for divine help, ultimately you will come to acknowledge G-d.”

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oday, R’ Yosef lives in Israel after spending more than a decade in Soviet prisons and gulags because of his desire to immigrate to the Holy Land. His seven children and their families, all chareidi, live there as well. He

starting with Creation. “At least I knew I belonged to a people with its own heritage,” Yosef writes. “I don’t imagine that my father consciously attempted to raise us as Jews; he was simply incapable of acting otherwise. For him it was a kind of inner spiritual necessity. And as I review my own life, I realize that the same holds true for me: I simply could not have behaved otherwise. I was a Jew, and could be nothing else.” The small rituals of Jewish tra-

A Young Zionist Yosef’s desire to connect more to his roots during his teenage years was intense. He painstakingly taught himself how to read Hebrew, finding a sefer Shoftim that once belonged to his grandfather, who was Lubavitch. Each day, he would challenge himself to read from the sefer. His father also taught him Modeh Ani. But

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osef Mendelevich was ten years old when he first spoke to G-d. He grew up in a warm, loving home, which was traditionally Jewish. Ironically, it was the non-Jews in Latvia who made sure to remind Mendelevich of his race. In first grade, the teacher went around the room, asking each child what their nationality was. To be a “Soviet” was held in the highest regard; Ukrainians and Asians fell lower in esteem. None, though, could be lower and more derogatory than to be a Jew. His classmates chortled when he whispered of his nationality; he told the teacher he “didn’t know” what his father did. To feign ignorance was better than to relate that his father was a junkman, a lowly job relegated only to Jews. His father’s profession led to his arrest in 1957. Yosef came home after attending a New Year’s performance with his sister. His mother answered the door with trembling hands and a fearful face. Khrushchev’s minions were searching the house. They had arrested two men for unlawful hunting; a search of the men’s homes turned up homemade bullets, which they said they manufactured with scrap from Yosef’s father’s store. A search of the Mendelevich home yielded no gold or riches, contrary to what propaganda fed about Jews and hordes of treasure secreted on their property. Even so, the elder Mendelevich was put on trial. The day of the trial the Mendelevich children did not go to court.

In Riga with members of the Jewish underground, 1968

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Yosef with his father, Moshe, his mother, Chaya, and his two sisters, Eva and Rebecca, in a park in Riga in 1957


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what most propelled Yosef’s desire to become more connected to Torah was his love for Eretz Yisroel. In 1961, Aunt Fania, who was old and in ill health, was given permission to leave the Soviet Union and emigrate to Israel. She sent her relatives letters and postcards from her new home, and Yosef, young, passionate, and energetic, would use a magnifying glass to count every tree in those postcards of his beloved Israel. He joined a Zionist youth group and listened to Kol Israel on the radio. Each Jewish holiday brought excitement for those in the Zionist groups. Their dancing on Simchas Torah and Purim was mixed with an added exhilaration of being able to hear a new Hebrew song or dance the hora. The Jewish holidays symbolized a reassurance that the Jewish nation is flourishing; their hope in living in their own land was reaffirmed. Being a Zionist in the Soviet Union was frowned upon. Meetings between the young Zionists were held in secret; Mendelevich and his friends worked clandestinely to churn out a newspaper, Ha-Iton, for the group. Their homes were subject to searches; their members subject to interrogations by the KGB. Most members of the Zionist organization in the Soviet Union did not become frum. Yosef is the exception, not the rule. Slowly, though, he told himself that if he so desired to live in the Jewish state, “I must begin living like a Jew, like our forefathers Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.” He stopped working on Shabbos, wouldn’t eat pork, and covered his head with a beret.

Prisoners of Zion Operation Wedding took place on June 15, 1970. There was no wedding involved. In fact, Mendelevich and 15 others were orchestrating a hijacking in order to produce international outcry for their cause. The ragtag group sought to buy all the seats on a small 12-seater plane, ostensibly for a trip for a wedding. They intended to tie up the pilots, fly the plane to Sweden, and then ultimately land in Israel. But far too many people knew about their plan

The code name for the hijacking had been Operation Wedding − and here was Yosef like a bridegroom being carried on the shoulders of the people welcoming him at Israel’s Ben-Gurion Airport

– and the KGB caught whiff of their scheme. All the participants were arrested before boarding the plane and were charged with high treason. Yosef was 22 years old at the time. Each of the participants were found guilty and sentenced in December of that year. Yosef received a sentence of 15 years in prison. And so began more than a decade of abuse, imprisonment, starvation, and mistreatment for young Mendelevich, who was tossed between prison and gulags, solitary confinement and frigid cells, mind-numbing work and backbreaking labor. Ironically, it was deep in the Soviet prisons that Mendelevich strengthened his love of Yiddishkeit

and G-d. His mind was always busy, learning Hebrew, teaching words of Torah, studying Hebrew books. His devotion to mitzvos drew the ire of his Soviet minders, but other Jews in the prisons saw him as their leader, the one who was able to teach them of their tradition. The Jewish people are an am k’shei oref, a stubborn nation. Yosef was obstinate in his observance of mitzvos in the gulag. He would work feverishly during the week to make up his quotas so as not to work on Shabbos. Other times, he would sit idly near a machine on Shabbos, awakening the wrath of his supervisors, so as not to work on his holy day. At one point, he went on a

hunger strike to prevent authorities from shaving his beard. He would save his sugar rations for Shabbos so as to have something special for Shabbos. There was a constant fear of an informant, a prisoner who wanted preferred treatment, who would tell authorities that Yosef was organizing a Shabbos meal or studying a Hebrew book or talking about Israel’s victories. Countless times he was thrown into solitary confinement or his possessions were confiscated because of his religious actions. And countless times he and his fellow prisoners organized hunger strikes – Yosef once went on a hunger strike for 56 days to have his Hebrew books returned to him – to protest their mistreatment. Yosef’s prison challenges came in all forms. One time authorities tried to make him cooperate and give them names of people who weren’t following the rules. But Yosef wouldn’t collaborate, and they had one officer who tried to befriend him. “Hey, Yosef, I look at you, you don’t look Jewish at all,” the officer said. “You remind me of my brother. You are a young man, you have a future, you shouldn’t be arrested. You know Russian literature; why do you need Judaism?” Yosef recounts the inner struggle he felt. “You know if someone is interrogating you, you fight back. But then he starts acting like your friend saying, ‘You know, I understand. I would advise you to speak. Now is not the time to be stubborn.’ But I had to protect myself. He was the nachash who seduced Adam HaRishon. I had to fight back. I had to build a wall between me and him, showing him that although I look like him and speak his language, I was altogether different. How? Torah and mitzvos. So I had to build a wall from Torah and mitzvos.” It was then that he decided to cover his head with a handkerchief. The officer looked at him and taunted him, “I thought you were normal. What are you doing with a handkerchief on your head?” Yosef began to explain that it’s a Jewish tradition to cover one’s head. “It was my first row of wall that I built between me and him,” he said.


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pened – my father started following mitzvos before he passed away,” Yosef notes.

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ecently, I met with R’ Yosef in a friend’s home in New Jersey, where he was staying during a speaking tour in the United States. He said that when he

There’s a difference between the heart and logic, seichel.... We wanted to stop being the ‘silent Jewry.’ We wanted to speak out. And we felt that it would be our cry to other people to do something for Russian Jewry. “Somehow the Communist propaganda succeeded in making people believe that Russian Jews were

"Being Jewish is the best thing in your life; you will be happy. Being Jewish is the secret to happiness."

speaks to young audiences, undoubtedly talk of a hijacking awakens his young listeners. “Boys are sleeping – they see a rabbi with a white beard – but the moment I say hijacking, I get them interested,” he notes. Yosef recalled that their hijacking plan was not built on “seichel”; it was a plan that came from the heart. One person who was supposed to be involved in the hijacking asked Yosef to go over the details a few weeks before the event. “But I told him, you know, the plan is problematic but I am not going to go over the details....

different from other Jews. Other Jews have a right to be Jewish, and Russian Jews, for some reason, decided to assimilate – how stupid. And why did people accept this propaganda? Because it made them comfortable that they shouldn’t make any effort to help Russian Jewry – that’s not my problem. So we had to speak up; to tell people, we are dying to be Jewish. We felt that we were doing something, and it turned out, as they say, if you do something small from the beneath, the Ribbono Shel Olam is helping you to a much bigger extent.”

Although the Soviets would have preferred to keep the attempted hijacking out of the news, word of the incident reached Western ears. Eva, Yosef’s sister, met with a scientist after the trial who took her to Western journalists to tell the story. The prisoners’ objective – to raise outcry about their plight – was fulfilled. But it took Yosef eleven years of imprisonment to finally reach the Holy Land. After his release, he spent a few months writing his book. Unbroken Spirit is over 300 pages and details R’ Yosef’s life up until that point. I asked him how he was able to write it with such detail. “You know, after you go through all the experiences, it’s like on your brain,” he said. “I will tell you a story about Rav Chatzkel Abramsky, the famous Chazon Yechezkel. When he was released from the gulag, he came to England, and started writing his Chazon Yechezkel. People were astonished, how could he write this right after his release. He said he would write from his memory all of the commentary. And that happened with me. Each time something would happen, like I had a feeling, Remember, Yosef, you have to tell it to the people. It was like a computer in my head, and I remembered. Nowadays, when I read my book I feel like I put in too many details, but back then, it was like a diary.”

Pesach in Prison Throughout the eleven years, Yosef experienced many Shabbosim

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Eventually, he kept more and more of Jewish traditions, “praying and keeping Shabbos until finally it was a complete wall and he understood that I was altogether different.” Coming into prison, Yosef told his friend that they needed to make real yarmulkes. His friend cut pieces of cloth from his pants and made yarmulkes for them with needle and thread. Eventually, a special commission from Moscow determined that their yarmulkes were illegal, commanding the prisoners to remove their head coverings. Officers would beat them and would take away their yarmulkes, only to have the two prisoners make more yarmulkes. But then, the Soviets threatened Yosef with a bigger stick. According to the rules, Yosef was able to meet with his father once a year. They told him that he could meet with his father if he removed his yarmulke. “I understood that if I give up this small tradition I was afraid that I would give up everything. So I decided for me it was ya’hareig v’al ya’avor. I tried to never remove my yarmulke, even for the meeting with my father. So I did this for seven years until he passed away. I never saw him. Each time that he would come, they said, ‘Remove your yarmulke,’ and I said, ‘No way.’” Yosef’s father died at the age of 66. “We say by Moshiach that the father will follow the son, and it hap-

With President Reagan, Vice President Bush, and Avital Sharansky at the White House, 1981. Courtesy of the Ronald Reagan Library

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Yosef's wedding, with his bride, Katy Seroussy, an activist in Shomer Achi Anochi for the release of Prisoners of Zion


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and yomim tovim. Each one was seared into his memory. Each thread of linen lit on a Chanukah night was important, each piece of bread refused on Pesach was significant. But R’ Yosef’s most memorable Pesach in imprisonment was his last. “During my sentence, I spent three years in a harsher prison because I kept Shabbos. I was notorious in the prison... I was in a cell with my friend, Hillel Butman, who, in fact, was the source of the idea for the hijacking... I suggested to Hillel after Purim, ‘Let’s have a Pesach here.’ He told me that it is impossible in prison to have a kosher Pesach Seder so I decided I would do it myself. “I had in my belongings a postcard with a Pesach plate from a museum in Jerusalem, an old German plate, produced from the 17 th century. And there, on the side of the postcard, I had written down the whole Seder Pesach. So I started preparing. It was a whole story how I procured everything, for example, in the beginning I looked for marror and I decided I need something to use for salad. Walking in the exercise yard – they had small exercise yard on the top of the building – I noticed something like an herb is growing from the asphalt. So I said that I will use it for Pesach. And I thought that it was a good symbol that a small leaf was breaking through the asphalt to try to reach the sun. “Then, later, I decided I needed wine, and I had raisins. When I was arrested, for some reason, my father sent me two pounds of raisins. I had some raisins, and I decided I would make wine out of it. Each week we were given a small spoon with sugar, and everybody would eat it immediately because we didn’t have anything sweet, but I saved, I believe, 300 grams of sugar. I had a flask, some raisins, some water, and sugar beneath my bed, hoping that it would produce wine. “But I needed a Seder plate so I decided I would use the Russian newspaper, and I would make a circle from the newspaper. The problem was that they would give one newspaper during the day to the cell and after a few hours take it away so they can use it for different things. So in

At an exhibition of a small tallit and kippah that Yosef made in prison. Courtesy of the Wolfson Museum of Jewish Art

order to keep the newspaper up to the evening, I asked the supervisor to give it to me before there was a shift change, and I made a circle out of the newspaper for the Seder plate. “I prepared everything and then I told Hillel, ‘Let us have the Pesach Seder.’ And he told me, ‘No, I told you already it is impossible.’ But

“The next day Hillel disappeared. They came to the door and said, ‘Butman, get your stuff, and come with me.’” Yosef later found out that Butman was released and was able to immigrate to Israel. “That’s the symbol – that he was released from prison on Pesach!” he says. In Israel, Butman told Yosef’s family that he

"I never saw him. Each time that he would come, they said, 'Remove your yarmulke,' and I said, 'No way.'"

then I uncovered my Pesach plate, and he looked at it and said, ‘Well, you have this and you have this... You know this is very good, but you don’t have the wine. Without the four kosos there’s no Pesach!’ So I took out the wine and he opened the cork, smelled it, and he told me that it’s real wine! “After we finished the Seder he told me that for the first time in his life he had a real Pesach Seder. “That was a symbol of the status of Russian Jewry – you had to go in prison to have a real Seder Pesach.

was conducting sedarim in prison. They were buoyed by the news that he was doing relatively well despite the dire circumstances. . Another memorable yom tov was one particular Chanukah, his first one in the labor camps. There were only eight Jews in the camp, and not all of them were interested in religious observance. Yosef, though, convinced them that Chanukah is also about celebrating our nation’s independence so they would be interested in becoming involved in the festivities. The group petitioned

the authorities for the right to have a seudah for the holiday, which was summarily denied. Furthermore, the authorities said that gathering together in groups of more than three people was prohibited. But the prisoners decided to defy the authorities. They started to collect food. One prisoner, Shimon, noticed a truck bringing goods into the factory in the labor camp. He saw that there was around four or five potatoes in the truck. Yosef helped him jump inside – risking authorities noticing them and punishing them for attempting to escape – and so they had their potatoes for latkes. “For latkes, we were willing to sacrifice everything,” Yosef recalls. They cut the potatoes into small pieces and fried them to make latkes for Chanukah. Another prisoner, a Lithuanian nationalist who was not Jewish, was a carpenter and he carved a menorah out of wood for the Jewish prisoners. Yosef pilfered paraffin from the factory, and the Jews joined together in the section of the barracks of a German officer, who was given a certain respect in the camp, every night after working at the factory. They distributed treats and played dreidel. “These nights no supervisors came to the area and we felt that we won, that they were afraid of us!” Yosef exults. “So we would go into the middle of the labor camps, singing, whatever we could sing, am Yisrael chai, it was a victory!” Throughout the years Yosef would hear of his friends and acquaintances who managed to make their way to Israel. Hearing the news of them making aliyah filled him with joy. He felt that his great sacrifice – being in the camps, standing up for his rights as a Jew, going on hunger strikes to produce public outcry – was worth it if it effected change and helped bring more Jews to the Holy Land. Still, though, his intense yearning for Eretz Yisroel never waned.

Aliyah—Finally On February 10, 1981, two KGB officers approached Yosef and told him to pack his things. He was shown a watch and some money


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Israeli ambassador there connected him with Menachem Begin, the prime minister. He was asked what his first request as a free man was. “I need tefillin,” Yosef said. “For eleven years I had no tefillin.” Tefillin? The Israeli ambassa-

radio, to the Hebrew language he talk himself, and the many vocabulary cards he quizzed himself on during his many years of prison, this Prisoner of Zion was finally going to be able to make his way to his Holy Land.

"That was a symbol of the status of Russian Jewry - you had to go in prison to have a real Seder Pesach."

“My dream was,” he says, “when I was released, I would go by foot from the airport to the Kosel. You know, going through the forests and fields, lying on the earth, and kissing the flowers, then silently coming to my sisters, and saying, ‘Here I am.’ But when I came to the airport in Israel there were thousands of people. And there was Hillel Butman, who told me, ‘I brought thousands of people, they will bring you wherever you want.’” The police escorted Yosef to the Kosel, where he was able to kiss its stones.

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n the night of the Pesach Seder, as we sit down and recite “Avodim ha’yinu,” we are all Prisoners of Zion. We are all locked in Mitzrayim, a country in which no slave was able to escape, yearning to serve our G-d and ascend to our Holy Land. We are subjugated to backbreaking labor, to mind-numbing work, to manipulations, to abuse. And then, at the last moment, when we feel all is lost, Hashem Himself brings us out swiftly and definitively. We are free! Free to serve Him, free to live as Jews, free to conquer the land promised to us hundreds of years before. The galus is long and sometimes we forget the spiritual destitution that keeps us shackled. We sadly overlook what it means to yearn to live our fullest lives as Jews. But every once in a while, someone like Yosef Mendelevich comes along and reminds us that the shackles are real, the galus is deep, and the redemption waiting on the other side can – and will – in a moment shatter the dense darkness.

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dor looked around, thinking there was no tefillin in the room in which they were standing. But then, Israel Singer came forward with the prized tefillin. “Before coming to release you,” Singer said, “I went to the Rebbe and told him that I was going to see you released. I asked him, ‘What should I bring?’” The Rebbe told him to bring tefillin. For decades Yosef was dreaming of Israel. From the postcards sent by his aunt that he scrutinized, to the newspaper he edited, to the news reports he listened to on the

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Yosef with Katy, his sister, and family members after receiving an award for courage at a Chabad ceremony in the Kremlin in December

“I felt exhausted and tired,” he recalls. “I had a siddur, I prayed. I was like a soldier coming in from the battle. I had no questions, nothing. And then I asked myself whether it was worthwhile to continue my life. I accomplished whatever I was here for, and there was no other goal in my life. “Mentally I was exhausted.” He had accomplished his goal. Was there anything left for him to do in his lifetime? But then, slowly, slowly, “step by step,” he told himself that he had a new task in life. He met his wife, Katy, the second day he arrived in Israel when he arrived for a press conference. They were married that Kislev and started a family. And Yosef never stopped advocating for other refuseniks, Russian Jews being held in the Soviet Union against their will, always wanting to bestow the gift of aliyah onto other Jews yearning for their own land. Now, he teaches other Jews and inspires others with his stories of emunah and determination, two characteristics that are timeless lifelines for the Jewish people.

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and told that he would be able to get them later. Yosef was then put on a plane and transferred to a prison in Moscow. But no explanation was given for the transfer and panic began to set in. Slowly, he counted the days. On February 18, after finishing morning prayers, Yosef was ordered out of his cell with his belongings. When he asked if he should take his blanket he was told by a guard, “Why are you taking your blanket, you idiot?” Those harsh words awakened a special hope. No blanket could mean a possible release. Given a new suit, Yosef was stripped of his Soviet citizenship and told he was going to be deported immediately. The news filled him with jubilation. He was finally returning home, although it was to a home he had never been. A Russian plane brought him to Vienna. There he was greeted by Israel Singer of the World Jewish Congress. Years later, he found out how some people were pushing for his release behind the scenes, particularly the Lubavitcher Rebbe. Rabbi Yitzchak Kogan is now the rabbi at the Bolshaya Bronnaya synagogue in Moscow. But Kogan was not always a rabbi. He was, at one point, an engineer in nuclear submarines. After learning of his family’s past as Chabad chassidim, he became interested in shechita. Rabbi Kogan traveled to Georgia to be trained as a shochet and he started to teach others his craft. The Lubavitcher Rebbe, hearing of this new shochet, sent a shaliach to check out the nuclear science who was now a shochet. The shaliach tested Rabbi Kogan and was amazed – the shechita was perfect. The shaliach was excited and told Rabbi Kogan that he would tell the Rebbe, who would bless him for peace. But Rabbi Kogan said, “Don’t bless me. Bless Yosef Mendelevich, who is in prison for eleven years. All his friends have been released.” Within a short time, Yosef was released. “I did hear that the Rebbe can produce miracles,” Yosef said. “And I never tested the Rebbe anymore.” When Yosef came to Vienna, the


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Forgotten Her es

Captain Irving Schechter A Hero in the Pacific By Avi Heiligman

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he summer of 1944 proved to be a major turning point for the Allied armies across the globe during the Second World War On June 6, hundreds of thousands of soldiers invaded France and through these landing eventually pushed into Germany to defeat the Nazis. Also in June, the Allied armies captured Rome and maintained pressure on the Italian Front. On the Western Front, Soviet forces destroyed an entire German Army Group and pushed all Axis troops out of Romania. The Battle of the Philippines Sea resulted in many Japanese planes being destroyed along with their experienced crewmen. The Mariana Islands were wanted for bomber bases by the American military, and Tinian and Guam came after the capture of Saipan. The islands were near the equator and as such were excruciatingly hot during the day. They were covered in malaria-infested jungles that became very muddy during the rainy season. Many soldiers had to be hospitalized with malaria and other jungle diseases while stationed and fighting on the islands. On the other side, many of the Japanese soldiers were veterans of other campaigns. The Japanese marines on Tinian fought in Manchuria and were more seasoned than their

Americans counterparts. The Japanese military code, Bushido, stated that the emperor was a deity and that no land should ever be lost in combat. Being taken prisoner was not in their dictionary. They would fight to the death, even to the point where they would make suicidal charges called banzai attacks. Two American Marine divisions along with an army regiment made the assault on July 24, 1944 against over 8,000 entrenched Japanese soldiers. The 24th regiment of the

“Buck” Schechter went to the University of Iowa and received his law degree from New York University. H decided to join the Marine Corps before Pearl Harbor after seeing the fall of France in 1940. The skinny captain was leading the assault in the Philippines Sea and was to protect the regiment’s flank and, in essence, the entire operation’s left flank. The company landed intact but was met with heavy fire as soon as it tried to move inland. The Navy Cross awarded to him

"Furiously attacked by the Japanese just before dawn, he constantly exposed himself to hostile fire to direct his unit."

4th division was assigned to attack White 1, the code name for one of two landing beaches. White 2 was handed to the 25th regiment, also of the 4th division. Captain Irving Schechter of Smithtown Branch, New York, was the commanding officer of Company A, First Battalion, Twenty-Fourth Marines, Fourth Marine Division.

describes his actions during the battle: The President of the United States of America takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Captain Irving Schechter (MCSN: 0-7727), United States Marine Corps Reserve, for extraordinary heroism … Assigned the hazardous task of seizing a beachhead

and protecting the left flank of the entire landing force, Captain Schechter landed his company on an extremely narrow beach among pitted cliffs and coral boulders and, capably directing the movements of his men, boldly seized the initial objective and organized a defensive position for the night. Furiously attacked by the Japanese just before dawn, he constantly exposed himself to hostile fire to direct his unit and, despite the tremendous odds, inspired his men to hold on until they annihilated the enemy. Although his company could man less than sixty rifles by daylight, he resumed the advance to expand the beachhead and, during four hours of intensive fighting under his leadership, accounted for four hundred Japanese dead and the capture of large quantities of automatic weapons and mortars. Carrying out his dangerous mission with consistent skill and courage, Captain Schechter contributed essentially to the success of our forces during an important campaign, and his bold tactics and brilliant leadership were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. After the battle, Schechter was promoted to major and assigned the position of operations officer in battalion headquarters. After his successor, Major William Stewart, was


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Buck also received the Silver Star on Namur, the Bronze Star on Iwo Jima and the Purple Heart for a wound he got on Saipan. Schechter retired from the Marines in 1947 as a colonel and returned to New York to become the town attorney for Smithtown. He died January 7, 1992 at the age of 87. Tinian was secured on August 1

but the last Japanese soldier refused to surrender until 1953. Tinian became an important base for B-29 Superfortress bombers and was the home for the bombers that flew on the atomic bombing missions in August 1945. Men like Schechter were the backbone for the Marines during the war where, as Admiral Chester Nimitz said upon reflecting on the

Marines who fought in Iwo Jima, said, “Uncommon valor virtue was a common virtue.�

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killed on Iwo Jima, Irving took control of Company A once more. After a memorable stint as commander when he killed a Japanese sniper who was about to shoot at one of his men, he was sent back to headquarters. His best lieutenant, Roy Wood, took control of the company for the rest of the war. In addition to his Navy Cross,

Avi Heiligman is a weekly contributor to The Jewish Home. He welcomes your comments and suggestions for future columns and can be reached at aviheiligman@gmail.com.

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Renovations Additions New Construction


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Biz Wiz A-I-OY!

Artificial Intelligence – yey? or oy vey? By Azi Rosenblum

Two movies shaped my vision of “the future” as a kid, Back to the Future and The Terminator. Back to the Future was a lighter, more cheerful peek at what 2015 would look like. Unfortunately, there are no flying cars powered by banana peels yet, but some aspects of the future they predicted did come true; organic waste has been used as fuel, millennials do dress funny, we do have drones, flatscreen TVs and video conferencing are definitely a thing, and wearable technology like iWatches actually look better then predicted. Oh, and the Cubs… 1 year off but they nailed that one too (maybe we can borrow the concept from gematria and give them a + or – 1 range of error). With all the buzz in the news today about robots, self-driving cars and the rise of Artificial Intelligence, it kind of makes you wonder about The Terminator’s version of 2029. For those who missed it, the CliffsNotes version of the film is that intelligent robots who have gained independence deem the human race as expandable and hunt them down, leaving humanity fighting to survive. Um… that’s 11 years from now… Ok, let’s get back to 2018, if you thought I wandered off to a movie review, you should have known that “I’ll be back.” There are two schools of thought when it comes to predicting what the job market will look like in the future. As technology, specifically the broad fields of AI and Machine Learning, continues to make incredible

progress, the fear is that technology will steal our jobs. In the year 1900, 41% of Americans worked in agriculture; by 2000, it was only 2%. In the post-WWII years, 30% of Americans worked in manufacturing; now it’s about 10%. As examples, those two industries have implemented a tremendous amount of technology, robotics, and yes, even AI into their industries. Pretty darn-ing evidence that perhaps they are right and the 3.5 million American truckers, countless cashiers, customer services workers and just about everyone, should be concerned that a quick-thinking, no lunch break taking, upgradable and infinitely trainable machine may be taking over their jobs! Before we get to the other school of thought on the future of jobs, let’s take a moment to properly understand what AI is. AI, at its most basic level, is what you get when you train a machine (or computer) to act and make decisions the same way you would. Programmers teach it what needs to be done, how to do it, and what to do in a variety of scenarios. For those that think this is only in the future, automated phone trees, telephone-based banking, online reservation systems, and even your Amazon account are already using AI regularly. These systems are coded to recognize patterns, provide data, and resolve issues for you based on logic that has been provided to them. With technology costs going down for storage space and pro-

cessing power, AI is being pushed to new levels and becoming more and more accessible. It is also learning how to learn on its own. Instead of being given every step, experimental AI technology is being given a definition of success and some parameters for how to achieve it and then “trying” every option until it “learns” how to do something properly. Now, before you start buying canned goods and digging a bunker, let’s remember that Siri still can’t manage to call the right person half the time and does a horrendous job with my dictated text messages Erev Young Tiff, so the AI-pocalypse is not quite here yet. Now for the more optimistic side of the debate, despite constant innovation and technology growth throughout history, our innovations have never put us out of work. Lawrence Katz, a Harvard economist, points out that in fact there is no historical pattern indicating a net loss of jobs over any extended period of time due to technology. In every generation, the same innovations, new products, and new technologies have created as many new jobs as they have eliminated. 50 years ago, we didn’t have as many IT professionals, mobile phone manufacturers, app developers, retail sales locations for technology products and the list goes on. Email almost killed the post office, until Amazon started dominating the retail world to the point that the USPS works on Sundays! So basically, the optimists are

reminding us all that to assume that the only change in our future of increased technology is to overlook all the changes the technology will trigger, giving us a much brighter view of the future than those who believe we are trending toward a world where humanity is just kind of hanging out while robots make pizza for us. Personally, I like to think it’s going to be a bit of both. Yes, an evolving world will result in a lot of changes and to some extent things will even out. On the other hand, change is coming, and it’s going to challenge some and help others. As the generation that is probably most likely to be impacted and most unprepared, we need to make sure we put all our energy into the things that no robot can do. We need to make our irreplaceable humanity the most valuable asset we bring to work, because doing the job accurately may not be so impressive in the future… there’s gonna be an app for that. Thank G-d we have G-d on our side, so as interesting as this all is… I know we will be fine. Azi Rosenblum is a business consultant and the founder and CEO of RemSource, an outsourced provider of administrative and bookkeeping services for small businesses. To suggest a topic or ask a question for a future #BizWiz column, email BizWiz@ baltimorejewishhome.com.


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Friends and Therapists By Rabbi Azriel Hauptman

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Mental Health Corner

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Many people wonder what is the benefit of having a therapist if one is blessed with close friends and a loving family. He will always have someone who will listen to him and someone to lean on. Let us take this question one step further. What if your best friend is a therapist? Isn’t this the best of both worlds? You have a friend who you can confide in and that friend has the knowledge of a therapist! What could be better?! Before we address this question, it is imperative to point out that close friends and family are vital and indispensable to one’s emotional health. Whatever we are about to say in this article is focused on the specific aspects of a therapist who is not your friend. As they say, “It takes a village!” Here are some differences between a friend and a therapist. This list is not meant to be exhaustive. • Objectiveness – Your friends and family are not objective. I know this might come as a shock to you, but if you think about it your best friend can’t be objective. They are emotionally invested in your life and care about you so much that their emotions can cloud their judgement. A therapist who is not your friend can remain emotionally neutral and therefore have a more objective perspective. Additionally, there are many secrets that you would not share with your friends or family since you do not want to upset them. Since your therapist is not your friend, you feel

more comfortable in sharing your innermost secrets. • Confidentiality – Your friends and family are not always confidential. This is because they love you. Your father might feel that it is important to share something about you with your mother. Your sister might share with your brother, and so on and so forth. Since therapy is truly confidential you can be more open. • Therapy is focused on you – A healthy relationship is reciprocal. I can rely on you for emotional support and you can similarly rely on me. The therapeutic relationship is one of the few times when the focus is totally on you. That might sound narcissistic, but in reality there are times when you need to do some serious introspection in order to get better and that is often only possible with the help of a therapist who is focused totally on you. These differences between a therapist and a friend apply even if your friend is a therapist. If your friend is not a therapist, then obviously a therapist has a lot more to offer than a friend since a therapist has professional training in helping people who are suffering from mental health related issues whereas a friend does not. This is a service of Relief Resources. Relief is an organization that provides mental health referrals, education, and support to the frum community. Rabbi Yisrael Slansky is director of the Baltimore branch of Relief. He can be contacted at 410-448-8356 or at yslansky@reliefhelp.org


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OCTOBER 29, 2015 | The Jewish Home

65

Life C ach

THE BALTIMORE JEWISH HOME

Unlocking the Secret By Rivki D. Rosenwald Esq., MFT, CLC

APRIL 12, 2018

S

especially since we do endanger our valued molars. So, one reason is that the manna stopped falling right after Pesach. It was a source of easy sustenance. Therefore, we are symbolically asking G-d to open the gates of financial success post-Passover because we realize our contribution and work must help to bring us sustenance.

giant response. After Pesach we should realize that freedom comes in many forms: physical and mental, concrete and spiritual. Passover is a time to become open to the idea that even if G-d hasn’t delivered freedom yet physically in all situations, we should realize we have been given the tools to find it through attitude and optimism.

I'm baking a combination lock into my challah.

A kabbalistic reason is that during Pesach the upper gates of heaven are open but after Passover they are shut once more. We are asking G-d to use that key to keep those high-up gates open for us. There is a phrase in Shir Hashirim (Rabbah) that proclaims that G-d promises that if we open the connection with him the size of a pinhole, He will reciprocate by opening the relationship great enough to fit a chariot through. When we show G-d the key, we are symbolically opening that connection – and we’re hoping G-d will take notice and make His

With the key we put in our challah, we can be open up to the idea of finding freedom from burdens, struggles and life’s mysteries. However, these days a lot more people use passcodes than actual keys. Therefore, I’m baking a combination lock into my challah. Wow, talk about potentially needing to go for dental work. If you bite into one of those chunky guys, watch out! Who knows? Maybe, secretly, I’m trying to drum up work for my daughter-in-law and niece; they are about to start the clinical portion of dental school.

The ultimate concept is to use this key as a reminder that you have the opportunity, as a newly freed person, to open new highways and byways for yourself. Can you see a theme running through our Jewish holidays? Rosh Hashanah is our new year; it is an opportunity to start over. Each new month is a new opportunity to start over. In fact, each morning we are told is a new day; we have an opportunity to start over. And now with this “key Shabbos” comes yet another reminder of the glorious opportunity we always have to open up new beginnings, new ways of thinking and living. Sure, some people may think I just want to continue where I left off. It’s too burdensome to keep starting all over. There is truth to that. But think – the effort may be worth it. Every time you start over you open a door again. Remember how these metal keys work. You need to put the effort in and turn them once again each time. Yet, it’s worth it. Because it gets you the chance to enter anew. So use that key – step out of the past, unlock new vistas, and start renewed!

Rivki Rosenwald is a certified relationship counselor, and career and life coach. She can be contacted at 917-7052004 or rivki@rosenwalds.com.

B A LT I M O R E J E W I S H H O M E . C O M

ome people may remember an old commercial that said, “Piston engines go boing, boing, boing but Mazda engines goes mmmmmm.” It was advertising a nice, quiet engine. This time of the year kind of brings back that commercial to me: Matzah chewing goes crunch, crunch, crunch, but the challah goes mmmmmm! So, our ears are back to enjoying the soothing quiet as a nice warm piece of challah is being digested between our teeth. But I’m here to warn you. Remember there is a tradition of some to keep that crunch going. So, hold onto your caps! And I don’t mean hold onto your hats – I mean, caps. All that dental work you’ve ever had can go right down the tubes if you happen to be the one who bites into that metal slab hidden inside the challah. Yes, many people traditionally bury a key inside the challah the first Shabbos after Passover. I’m sure some of them don’t even have a clue why. Bad sense of humor, perhaps?! It could be that, or the old Fiddler on the Roof explanation: tradition! Tradition is certainly always a good reason to do something. It keeps our connection to, and respect for, what mattered to our ancestors going. But it might be nice to know some of the reasons we have this tradition,


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Dirshu

B A LT I M O R E J E W I S H H O M E . C O M

THE BALTIMORE JEWISH HOME

APRIL 12, 2018

History Repeats Itself!

Dirshu Holds Seder Nezikin Siyum in Vienna in Same Hall As First Siyum HaShas By Chaim Gold

It took almost nine decades man. for the sweet sounds of Torah to HaRav Zishe Horowitz: A be heard again in the Sofiensaal Picture is Worth a Thousand Auditorium in Vienna, yet, during Words the first week of Nissan, Klal HaRav Zishe Horowitz, shlita, Yisroel witnessed a profound Rav Dovid Hofstedter addressing siyum participants Rav of the Kehillas Hachassidim at the Sofiensaal Auditorium in Vienna manifestation of ‘Netzach Yisroel of Elad, was the guest speaker lo yishaker.’ A siyum on the Daf at the event. Rav Horowitz said, Hayomi Seder Nezikin was held “Our children must see us learnon 2 Nissan in the exact same hall ing Torah and especially learning in Vienna where the historic first practical halacha. When a child Daf HaYomi Siyum was held. sees his father learning halacha, The Torah observant comhe too will be spurred to learn munity, led by its foremost Rabhalacha and gain the resultant bonim, came out in droves to paryiras shomayim.” ticipate in the historic event. Heartfelt zemiros and gramThe Sofiensaal Auditorium men were sung by Reb Yisroel has seen a lot over the past 90 Adler. It was deeply moving to years. After the first Daf HaYomi see the entire assemblage sponSiyum, the hall saw the Nazi taketaneously burst out in song and over of Austria, hosting Nazi raldance as the Sofiensaal AuditoThe first Daf HaYomi B’Halacha shiur ever in Berlin lies and events. Now, it has again rium again experienced true simmerited to host an event that not chas haTorah after an almost nine ta, HaRav Avrohom Hotoveli, shlita, only represented the grandeur decade hiatus. The entire frum and simcha of the completion of seder HaRav Yosef Pressburger, shlita, and community of Vienna, was deeply Nezikin, the last major seder before the the Chief Rabbis, HaRav Aryeh Fol- moved and indeed, new shiurim in upcoming World Siyum-a celebration ger, shlita, and HaRav Chaim Eisen- Daf HaYomi B’Halacha sprang up in of past learning, but also a kabbalah al berg, shlita. numerous shuls in the aftermath of the The siyum began with the entrance event. l’habaah, an enthusiastic undertaking by a large cross-section of the Vienna of the Rabbonim together with the Dirshu Opens in Berlin community to undertake daily learn- Nasi of Dirshu, Rav Dovid HofstedThe next day brought the Dirshu ing in Dirshu’s Daf HaYomi B’Hala- ter, who came to Vienna especially to delegation to Berlin, the capital of participate in the historic event. cha program. Germany. Berlin features more than The event was opened by HaR- one kollel and the Dirshu delegation’s Vienna’s Rabbanim Encourage av Binyomin Eckstein, shlita, Belzer first stop was Beis Medrash Beis TziThe Learning of Daily Halacha In advance of the event, a rare let- Dayan of London and Chairman of on, a shul that had survived Kristallter was released by seven of Vienna’s Dirshu Europe. nacht and today houses the Adas Bnei The siyum on Seder Nezikin was Yisroel Kehilla as well as a kollel. prominent Rabbonim calling on all of the members of the community to join made by Rav Dovid Bidel, a Rosh Upon entering the beis medrash, the Daf HaYomi B’Halacha program. Kollel in Vienna and Daf HaYomi the delegation saw a large sign herThe letter was signed by HaRav Avro- Maggid Shiur. The Kaddish was re- alding the opening of a Dirshu branch hom Yehuda Schwartz, shlita, HaRav cited by Rav Dovid Yehuda Hirsch. in Berlin. In honor of the establishAlexander Asher Margolius, shlita, Seder Kodshim was begun by Maggid ment of a new Daf HaYomi B’HalaHaRav Moshe Eliezer Weiss, shli- Shiur, Rav Yitzchok Binyomin Neu- cha shiur in Berlin, a beautiful seudas

mitzvah was held. Leading the Berlin Kehillah in this endeavor was Rav Moshe Halpern and Rav Yitzchak Eherenberg, Chief Rabbi of Berlin. A Personal Message from HaGaon HaRav Berel Povarsky, Shlita One of the most moving moments at the Berlin event was the special message from HaGaon HaRav Berel Povarsky, shlita, Rosh Yeshivas Ponovezh, who went out of his way to record a video in honor of the event. Rav Moshe Halpern, who is presiding over the Dirshu program in Berlin and has been instrumental in facilitating a Torah revolution in the German capital, is a close talmid of Rav Berel. In his message to the kehillah, Rav Berel lovingly said, “Rav Moshe, my talmid is like a son to me! It follows that you Yidden in Berlin are all my grandchildren!” The symbolism in Berlin was a fitting backdrop. The fact that Dirshu, the largest organization facilitating limud haTorah in the world, established a branch just around the corner from where Hitler’s Reichtstag was once located, was not lost on anyone. Possibly the most gratifying result of the visit to Berlin was the fact that the morning after the event, immediately after the community davened Shacharis, everyone gathered around the table for the beginning of what will certainly be the first of many Daf HaYomi B’Halacha shuirim in Berlin, Germany. Seventy years after the churban, the Nazis are in the dust heap of history and Yidden are learning and taking Dirshu tests on Daf HaYomi in Berlin, Vienna and Budapest.


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OCTOBER 29, 2015 | The Jewish Home

67

Political Crossfire

THE BALTIMORE JEWISH HOME

Snapshots of Soldiers on the Front Lines of Syria

APRIL 12, 2018

By David Ignatius

O

cratic Forces and their American allies. The lieutenant colonel says that a dozen times a week she treats people who are at “death’s door.” She says that she’s able to save 95 percent of her patients. And here’s the most striking fact: this military surgeon is grateful for the chance to be in Syria and help put the people and their country

ing to commanders – that Trump doesn’t understand. So before U.S. forces start coming home, here are a few portraits from my notebook, sketched during my trip to Syria two months ago. Let’s start with the on-theground commander of U.S. forces inside Syria. He’s been working with the Syrian Kurds for nearly four

He's older than most of the other soldiers, who joke that it's dangerous to be near him because he's a bullet magnet.

back together. “In the States, if I didn’t show up for my job, someone else would do it. Doing what you’ve been trained to do, and contributing to something greater than yourself, is very important. It’s an honor for us to be here.” The lieutenant colonel is part of the Syria mission that President Trump seems determined to end. Reflecting on her and the scores of other U.S. soldiers I’ve met on three trips to Syria since 2016, I can’t help thinking that there’s something about this mission – which has been low cost and high success, accord-

years since the battle for Kobani in October 2014. U.S. commanders saw that the Kurds were ready to fight and die against ISIS. What emerged was a brotherhood of battle. The commander is driving our vehicle along a rutted track near a frontline position outside Manbij, in northern Syria. He seems to know every curve and bump in the road, and he speaks Arabic, too. He has lived this war. When I ask how the pieces of the Syria puzzle will eventually fit he responds: “There’s not a military answer to that question.” We’re at the berm at the eastern

front, near Shaddadi; ISIS forces are hidden about two miles away. U.S. and SDF troops man a simple, makeshift fortification, topped by an observation post shielded by a tin roof and oriental carpets. Down below are two trenches to stop car bombs. Walking away, I talk to a sergeant major who’s traveling here with one of the commanders. He’s older than most of the other soldiers, who joke that it’s dangerous to be near him because he’s a bullet magnet. He has four purple hearts, all earned in Iraq, and six bronze stars. I ask how he was wounded. He pauses, scratching his head as if to think. One was a mortar round, another was a hand grenade, a third was hand-to-hand combat when he was attacked by a man dressed like a woman, a fourth was when he was shot in a helicopter. Why does he keep coming back, for deployment after deployment? He pauses, not sure how to answer, and then says simply that he’s lucky to serve his country. I’m flying out of Syria on a C-130 cargo plane. Sitting next to me is a young officer who’s upset to be on that flight, for two reasons. He’s going home to see his mother, who’s very ill. And he’s leaving his comrades on the battlefield before the fight is over. He hates that last idea. So should we all. (c) 2018, Washington Post Writers Group

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ne face of the war in Syria that Americans don’t often see is the U.S. Army trauma surgeon, standing in the midday sun on the outskirts of Raqqa, taking a brief break from her near-constant duty in the operating room treating Syrians whose limbs have been shattered by bombs and booby traps. The doctor is a lieutenant colonel serving with U.S. special operations forces, and under the ground rules for my four-day trip to Syria in February, I’m not allowed to use her name. She’s a trim, clear-eyed woman who speaks with a soft, firm voice and a conviction about her work that melts your heart when you listen to her talk. The lieutenant colonel tries to put broken bodies back together, all day, every day. When I spoke with her, she was the only experienced trauma surgeon in the region, which meant that all the worst cases came to her. She described operating on all four limbs of some severely wounded Syrians. She recalled one especially horrible day when nine injured children were brought into her operating room at one time. Her patients are almost all Syrian civilians, people who have been maimed by hidden IEDs and bombs as they tried to return to their homes after Raqqa was liberated last October in a bloody, house-to-house fight by the Kurdish-led Syrian Demo-


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THE BALTIMORE JEWISH HOME

APRIL 12, 2018

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YIEP

Training The Next Generation Of Orthodox Jewish Mental Health Professionals By N. Aaron Troodler The issue of mental health in the Orthodox Jewish community is fraught with emotions and complexities and often remains on the periphery. However, the reality is that mental health issues are indeed prevalent within the Orthodox community, just as they are common in other communities. It is against that backdrop that Rabbi Pesach Lerner established the YIEP (Yeshiva Initiatives Educational Programs – www.theyiep.com) and developed a program that trains members of the Orthodox community seeking to enter the mental health field. Through a partnership with Bellevue University that began in 2004, YIEP offers undergraduate and graduate programs, including a specialized Master of Science in Clinical Counseling (MSCC). The Bellevue University MSCC is accredited by the Council for Accreditation of Counseling and Related Educational Programs (CACREP), which is the gold standard in the counseling field, and the YIEP cohort is the only mental health program geared for Orthodox students with CACREP’s endorsement. YIEP launched the MSCC program in October 2014 and will graduate its second cohort in May 2018, with three more cohorts in process. The next session is scheduled to begin in mid-August 2018 and then January 2019. The Bellevue University/YIEP Master of Science in Clinical Counseling program is unique because the students are all Orthodox Jews who receive specialized training and engage in specific coursework that prepares them to address mental health issues in the Orthodox community, as well as to serve in the broader Jewishand non-Jewish community. Modeled after national licensing standards, the MSCC prepares students for the national licensing exam to become a professional mental health counselor. It is a 60 credit-hour online graduate degree program, which includes a practicum and internship component that enables students to gain valuable experience in the field while being guided by a licensed professional. The MSCC coursework centers on the theoretical and applied principles of psychological counseling and trains students to ultimately engage in the as-

sessment and treatment of individuals, couples, and families. Students are introduced to critical topics such as assessing and diagnosing mental health issues, psychotherapy, rehabilitation counseling, substance abuse, and prevention services. The MSCC is a regionally accredited graduate degree with an option for students to pursue licensure in their home state. While the courses offered by the Bellevue University/YIEP MSCC program are online and there is a four-day on-site seminar in Brooklyn, NY where students meet their instructors and classmates, the practicum and internship can be done wherever the student resides. It is also noteworthy that degrees from yeshivas are accepted as fulfillment of the undergraduate degree requirement and tuition is lower than New York area programs because it is based on Nebraska rates, which is home to Bellevue University. Professor Esther Lustig, LCSW-R, an instructor, professional advisor, and mentor of the YIEP MSCC program, spoke about its distinctive nature. “This is an important and valuable educational program that is transformative for the students and the community alike,” she said. Professor Lustig described a course she developed exclusively for the YIEP MSCC entitled “Orthodox Judaic Theoretical Perspectives.” “The unique piece to the YIEP program is that we have a very specific course that allows students to grapple with some of the major mental health issues that exist in the Orthodox community,” she said. “Nothing is off the table; everything is discussed, even the most difficult issues. These are issues that need to be faced and practitioners who want to work in the Orthodox community need to understand them.” One of the hallmarks of the YIEP MSCC is the internship requirement, with which Professor Lustig assists with placement and administration. “There is a strong experiential component to this program; it’s not just reading books,” she said. “We have students interning at so many interesting places because our program is recognized and we have a good reputation.”

Professor Lustig acknowledged the intensive nature of the program, which she considers one of the best in the country. “There are many facets to this program and it gives students a really good foundation to start helping people,” she said. “We want to make sure they get the best education possible within the framework they’re comfortable with.” Past and current students also spoke enthusiastically about the program. “I am extremely impressed with how professional and helpful the program’s faculty members have been,” said one student. “They’re extremely accommodating and responsive, and look to be as helpful as possible. Although the coursework is intense, I am finding the course to be extremely interesting and hands-on.” “I greatly appreciate the ‘sevivah’ (the environment), learning these concepts together with others who not only are frum Jews, but real B’nei Torah,” said another student. “There are many advantages to getting a Master’s degree in this manner, as I can study and complete assignments during times I can carve out that are most convenient. In addition, the instructors, who are knowledgeable and committed to explaining the material, encourage the students to reach out to them with inquiries.” “The program is sensitive to the needs of the students and the class calendar fully accommodates the Yomim Tovim schedule,” added another student. “I owe Rabbi Lerner a debt of gratitude for his commitment and his concern that the program runs smoothly.” “The YIEP/Bellevue program is educational, professional and respectful, and it’s a culturally sensitive program that doesn’t compromise a quality education,” noted another student. Dr. Barb Daubenspeck, Ph.D., Program Director and instructor of the Bellevue University MSCC program, explained how the university’s Clinical Counseling faculty worked with Rabbi Lerner to establish a cohort that meets the unique needs of the Orthodox community in numerous ways, including structuring the schedules for the cohort around religious holidays and being mindful of the need to facilitate the completion of the program with the

students’ already busy schedule. “Course materials are continually reviewed to ensure that even as students are challenged to view things from a new perspective, their cultural values are respected,” she said. “Students complete their coursework moving course by course through the program in step together,” added Dr. Daubenspeck. “In this way the students are able to build supportive relationships with one another and are also able to connect with the Bellevue University faculty.” Rabbi Lerner noted that the YIEP MSCC “is probably the most Torah-sensitive program of this nature around.” “Our students receive a serious education,” he said. “As all our students are from the Orthodox community, some of whom even participate in the online coursework from Israel, there are no scheduling issues relating to Shabbos or Yom Tov. In addition, the YIEP and Bellevue University provide significant support for our students and play an integral role in helping them secure internships where they get practical experience that helps prepare them for a meaningful career in the mental health field.” Rabbi Lerner remarked that the YIEP attracts all types of Orthodox Jews, including Yeshivish, Chasidish and Modern Orthodox, and that classes are for both males and females, but is very sensitive to the guidelines of Tznius and Halacha. He added that many YIEP students were sent to the program by their Roshei HaYeshivos and community Rebbes, with the hope that they will return to their community to work there as professionals. “The intersection of Torah values, Jewish ideals, and comprehensive academic training by top professionals and instructors makes the YIEP Master of Science in Clinical Counseling program a unique educational opportunity for Orthodox Jews who want to give back to their community through the provision of quality mental health services,” added Rabbi Lerner. For more information about the program, contact Rabbi Lerner at THEYIEP@gmail.com.


The Jewish Home | MARCH 28, 2018

Your

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Money

THE BALTIMORE JEWISH HOME

Oops! By Allan Rolnick, CPA

APRIL 12, 2018

B

mind” when Senators realized they had accidentally killed the Research & Development credit. On December 22 — just 50 days later — the President signed the bill into law. That’s less time than it usually takes to rename a post office after a local school board member. Now those lawmakers may be rediscov-

give big grain producers like Archer Daniels Midland a big advantage over smaller farmers. So a couple of agriculture-state senators tried to level the playing field by giving producers who sell to co-ops the same 20% “qualified business income” deduction as other pass-through businesses. Unfortunately, they let those farm-

It turns out Congress may have skipped ahead to the bottom of their homework a little too quickly, and made a teensyweensy boo-boo or two along the way.

ering something their grandmothers told them back when they were little: namely, “marry in haste, repent in leisure.” It turns out Congress may have skipped ahead to the bottom of their homework a little too quickly, and made a teensy-weensy boo-boo or two along the way. • The cut in the top corporate tax rate, from 35% to 21%, happened to

ers deduct 20% of their gross sales when they wanted to let them deduct 20% of their taxable income. Big difference. Can Congress pass a fix? • Lawmakers wanted to give restaurant owners and retailers a tasty break for renovation expenses by letting them deduct so-called “leasehold improvements” over 15 years. Instead, they made it 39 years.

Restaurant lobbyists understand this was an honest mistake, like overcooking a steak. But, same as you can’t uncook an overdone slab of beef, there’s no easy “do-over” to fix the problem short of amending the actual law. • Even the giant multinational corporations you would expect to applaud the new lower rates are howling over “base erosion” rules, intended to stop them from playing games by shifting profits offshore to avoid taxes here. (Trust us, you don’t want to know the details.) It’s hyper-technical stuff, but there are big dollars at stake. Can you even imagine how many lawyers will buy new Jaguars with the money they bill for “taxsplaining” what Congress really meant in court? Drafting errors and “technical” corrections certainly make tax planning harder. But they don’t make it any less important. We can’t let the “perfect” be the enemy of the good. So call us when you’re tired of wasting money on taxes you don’t have to pay, and let’s see if we can show Congress how to do it right. Allan J Rolnick is a CPA who has been in practice for over 30 years in Queens, NY. He welcomes your comments and can be reached at 718-896-8715 or at allanjrcpa@aol.com.

B A LT I M O R E J E W I S H H O M E . C O M

ack in 1985, a group of ambitious lawmakers set out to reform the federal income tax code. House Ways & Means Chair Dan Rostenkowski introduced the legislation. (This was before he became inmate 016-25338# at the Oxford Federal Correctional Institution.) Congress held dozens of hearings, cast 29 roll call votes, and debated 111 amendments on philosophical questions like Dan Quayle’s proposal “to provide that the period during which an individual is in the United States competing in a charitable sporting event shall not be taken into account in determining whether such individual is a resident alien.” Ten months and 18 days later, President Reagan signed the Tax Reform Act of 1986 into law. Two years after that, Congress passed a “technical corrections” bill to fix hundreds of drafting errors that made it into the final text. Fast forward to 2017. Technology and the internet have made everything faster, right? That includes legislation, of course. On November 2, House Ways & Means Chair Kevin Brady introduced the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act. There were zero hearings, handwritten amendments in the middle of the night, and a quick “never


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Gluten Free Recipe Column

THE BALTIMORE JEWISH HOME

APRIL 12, 2018

by Mrs. Elaine Bodenheimer

GlutenFree@BaltimoreJewishHome.com

Lemon Bars What You Will Need:

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Crust: 3 sticks of margarine- very soft ¾ cup confectioner’s sugar ½ tsp. salt 2 cups gluten-free cake meal 1 cup potato starch Filling: 8 eggs 3 cups sugar ½ cup potato starch ¾ cup fresh lemon juice ¼ tsp. salt

Preparation: 1. Pre-heat oven to 350 degrees. Line an 11 x 17 inch sheet cake pan with parchment paper. 2. In electric mixer, beat margarine until creamy. Slowly add confectioner’s sugar, salt, and gradually add the cake meal. Mix in the potato starch and beat everything together, forming a dough. If the mixer doesn’t do a good enough job, you may need to do it by hand. 3. Press dough into prepared pan. Bake for 20 minutes. 4. While crust is baking, beat all filling ingredients until combined. Remove pan from oven and pour filling into crust. 5. Bake another 30 minutes. Refrigerate until cool. Cut into squares or rectangles. Sprinkle with additional confectioner’s sugar before serving. Enjoy!


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OCTOBER 29, 2015 | The Jewish Home

In The K

tchen

By Naomi Nachman

APRIL 12, 2018

Rice or quinoa bowls have become very popular in the last few years, and have been making their way into kosher cookbooks, magazine articles and restaurant menus. I have never been a big fan of rice, but I do love quinoa, so I replace the rice with quinoa, which is also a little healthier, as quinoa is considered part protein and not just a full carbohydrate.

THE BALTIMORE JEWISH HOME

Chicken Quinoa Bowl

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Ingredients 1 lb. chicken cutlets cut into long thin strips ¼ cup soy sauce ¼ cup mirin 2 garlic cloves, minced 4 TBS honey (divided) 5 scallions, sliced (divided) Black pepper 2 English cucumbers, thinly sliced 1 carrot, peeled and thinly sliced ¼ cup rice wine vinegar ¼ cup water 1 TBS kosher salt 2 cups cooked quinoa, warmed Sesame seeds

Preparation

Naomi Nachman, the owner of The Aussie Gourmet, caters weekly and Shabbat/ Yom Tov meals for families and individuals within The Five Towns and neighboring communities, with a specialty in Pesach catering. Naomi is a contributing editor to this paper and also produces and hosts her own weekly radio show on the Nachum Segal Network stream called “A Table for Two with Naomi Nachman.” Naomi gives cooking presentations for organizations and private groups throughout the New York/New Jersey Metropolitan area. In addition, Naomi has been a guest host on the QVC TV network and has been featured in cookbooks, magazines as well as other media covering topics related to cuisine preparation and personal chefs. To obtain additional recipes, join The Aussie Gourmet on Facebook or visit Naomi’s blog. Naomi can be reached through her website, www.theaussiegourmet.com or at (516) 295-9669.

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In a medium bowl, mix together chicken soy sauce, mirin, garlic, 3 tablespoons honey, 3 scallions, and 1 teaspoon black pepper. Set aside to marinate. Meanwhile, in a medium bowl, combine cucumber, carrot, and 1 tablespoon salt. Add vinegar, water, remaining honey, and remaining scallions. Mix until combined and chill until ready to serve. Preheat a grill pan to medium-high. Once hot, remove the meat from the marinade and place on the grill. Season with pepper and grill the chicken for about 3 minutes per side until cooked through. Divide quinoa, chicken, cucumber, and carrot among four bowls. Sprinkle bowls with sesame seeds.


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