Henri Laurens Abbas Attar Shakir Hassan Adi Nes
1-Henri Laurens 5-Abbas Attar 11-Adi Nes 13-Shirazeh Houshiary 16-Shakir Hassan Al Said
Director: Aziz Anzabi Editor : Nafiseh Yaghoubi Translator : Asra Yaghoubi Research: Zohreh Nazari
Henri Laurens February 18, 1885 – May 5, 1954) was a French sculptor and illustrator. Early life and education Born in Paris, Henri Laurens worked as a stonemason before he became a sculptor. In 1899 he attended drawing classes, during which he produced works that were greatly influenced by the popularity of Auguste Rodin. Career Later Laurens was drawn to a new gathering of artistic creativity in Montparnasse. From 1915 he began to sculpt in the Cubist style after meeting Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque, Juan Gris and Fernand Léger.
design and decoration. In 1915 he illustrated a book for his friend, the author Pierre Reverdy. In 1938 he shared an exhibition with Braque and Picasso that travelled to major Scandinavian cities. In 1947, he made prints for book illustrations. In 1948 he exhibited his art at the important international Venice Biennale. That same year, he exhibited at the Galerie d'Art Moderne in Basel, Switzerland.
A great many of his sculptures are massive objects. An example of this style is the monumental piece L'Amphion, created in 1952 for the Central University of Venezuela, Caracas after a request from the architect Carlos Raúl Villanueva.
Laurens was exempted from call-up for the First World War, after having a leg amputated in 1909 due to osteo-tuberculosis.
L'Amphion located at the Central University of Venezuela, Caracas Multi-talented, Laurens worked with poster paint, and collage, was an engraver and created theatre
Laurens sculptural work influenced the work of architect JĂ¸rn Utzon, famous for the Sydney Opera House, in particular Laurens' tomb for an aviator designed for the cemetery of Montparnasse, Paris, in 1924 Death Henri Laurens died in Paris, and was interred in the CimetiĂ¨re du Montparnasse there. His tomb is decorated with his sculpture, La Douleur
Abbas Attar 29 March 1944 25 April 2018 better known by his mononym Abbas, was an Iranian photographer known for his photojournalism in Biafra, Vietnam and South Africa in the 1970s, and for his extensive essays on religions in later years. He was a member of Sipa Press from 1971 to 1973, a member of Gamma from 1974 to 1980, and joined Magnum Photos in 1981.
Iran Diary 1971-2002 (2002) is a critical interpretation of its history, photographed and written as a personal diary.
Career Attar, an Iranian transplanted to Paris, dedicated his photographic work to the political and social coverage of the developing southern nations. Since 1970, his major works have been published in world magazines and include wars and revolutions in Biafra, Bangladesh, Ulster, Vietnam, the Middle East, Chile, Cuba, and South Africa with an essay on apartheid.
From 1987 to 1994, he photographed the resurgence of Islam from the Xinjiang to Morocco. His book and exhibition Allah O Akbar, a journey through militant Islam (1994) exposes the internal tensions within Muslim societies, torn between a mythical past and a desire for modernization and democracy. The book drew additional attention after the September 11 attacks in 2001.
From 1978 to 1980, he photographed the revolution in Iran, and returned in 1997 after a 17 year voluntary exile. His book
From 1983 to 1986, he travelled throughout Mexico, photographing the country as if he were writing a novel. An exhibition and a book, Return to Mexico, journeys beyond the mask (1992), which includes his travel diaries, helped him define his aesthetics in photography.
When the year 2000 became a landmark in the universal calendar, Christianity was the symbol of the strength of Western civilization. Faces of Christianity, a photographic journey (2000) and a touring exhibit, explored this religion as a political, a ritual and a spiritual phenomenon.
people, with the "creeping islamisation" of all Muslim societies? From 2008 to 2010 Abbas travelled the world of Buddhism, photographing with the same sceptical eye for his book Les Enfants du lotus, voyage chez les bouddhistes (2011). In 2011, he began a similar long-term project on Hinduism which he concluded in 2013.
From 2000 to 2002 he worked on Animism. In our world defined by science and technology, the work looked at why irrational rituals make a strong come-back. He Before his death, Abbas was abandoned this project on the first working on documenting Judaism anniversary of the September 11 around the world. attacks. He died in Paris on 25 April 2018, His book, In Whose Name? The aged 74. Islamic World after 9/11 (2009), is a seven year quest within 16 countries : opposed by governments who hunt them mercilessly, the jihadists lose many battles, but are they not winning the war to control the mind of the
About his photography Abbas wrote: "My photography is a reflection, which comes to life in action and leads to meditation. Spontaneity – the suspended moment – intervenes during action, in the viewfinder. A reflection on the subject precedes it. A meditation on finality follows it, and it is here, during this exalting and fragile moment, that the real photographic writing develops, sequencing the images. For this reason a writer’s spirit is necessary to this enterprise. Isn’t photography « writing with light »? But with the difference that while the writer possesses his word, the photographer is himself possessed by his photo, by the limit of the real which he must transcend so as not to become its prisoner."
Books Iran, la révolution confisquée, Clétrat, Paris, 1980 Retornos a Oapan, FCE Rio de Luz, Mexico, 1986 Return to Mexico, W. W. Norton, New York, 1992 Allah O Akbar, voyages dans l’Islam militant, Phaidon, London, 1994 Allah O Akbar, a journey through militant Islam, Phaidon, London, 1994 Viaggio negli Islam del Mondo, Contrasto, Roma, 2002 Voyage en chrétientés, La Martiniere, Paris, 2000 Faces of Christianity, A. Abrams, New York, 2000 Glaube-liebe-hoffnung, Knesebeck, Munchen, 2000 IranDiary 1971-2002, Autrement, Paris, 2002 IranDiario 1971-2005, Sagiattore, Milano, 2006 Abbas, I Grandi Fotografi di Magnum, Hachette, Milan, 2005 Sur la Route des Esprits, Delpire, Paris, 2005 The children of Abraham, (exhibition catalogue), Intervalles, Paris, 2006 In Whose Name?, Thames & Hudson, London, 2009 Ali, le Combat, Sonatines, Paris, 2011 Les Enfants du lotus, voyage chez les bouddhistes, De la Martinière, Paris, 2011
Exhibitions 1972: Ganvie People, Falomo, Nigeria 1977: Retrospective, Galerie Litho, Tehran; Ce jour là, Galerie FNAC, Paris 1977: Le reportage d'agence, Rencontres de la Photographie, Arles, France 1980: Iran, the revolution, Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art; Darvazeh Ghar mosque, Tehran; Fundacao Cultural, Rio de Janeiro 1982: Citizen of the Third World, The Photographers' Gallery, London; Open Eye Gallery, Liverpool, G.B. 1983: Retrospective, Consejo de Fotogragia, Mexico; Galerie ARPA, Bordeaux, France, 1983; Imagina, Almeria, Espana, 1991 1986: Votez pour Moi, Magnum Gallery, Paris 1992: Return to Mexico, Mexico Cultural Center, Paris; Maison pour Tous, Calais; Centro Nacional de la Fotografia, Mexico, 1994 1999: Islamies, Place Royale, Brussels; Islamies, Arab World Institute, Paris, 1999 1999: Christians, Moscow House of Photography, Moscow; Eberhardskirche, Stuttgart, 1999; Centre cultural français, Seoul, Korea, 1999 2002: Iran, the revolution, The Grey Gallery, New York 2002: Viaggio negli Islam del mondo, Palazzo Vecchio, Firenze, Italia 2002: Visiones de l’Islam, La Caixa, Tarragona, Madrid, Malaga, Orense, Espana 2002: IranDiary, Visa pour l'Image, Perpignan, France 2003: Visiones de l’Islam, La Caixa, Girona, Granada, Pamplona and Palma de Mallorca, Espana 2004: Iran, Haus der Kulturen der Welt, Berlin 2004: Resurgence of Shias, Visa pour l'Image, Perpignan, France 2004: Ya Saddam, Noorderlicht, Leeuwarden, Hollande 2004: Islams, United Nations, New York 2005: Sur la Route des Esprits, La Chambre Claire, Paris
2006: The Children of Abraham, Nobel Peace Center, Oslo 2006: Islams and Shias, Vicino/Lontano, Udine, Italia 2007: The Children of Abraham, Groningen and Amsterdam, Holland; Institut FranĂ§ais de FĂ¨s, Morocco, 2008 2008: Jardin Botanique, Brussels, Belgium 2009: In Whose Name?, Magnum Gallery, Paris 2009: Visa pour l'Image, Perpignan, France 2009: Gallerie Polka, Paris 2011: Abbas, 45 Years in Photography, National Museum of Singapore 2014: Faces of Christianity, Photography Festival, Guernsey
Adi Nes Born 1966 Life and career Adi Nes was born in Kiryat Gat. His parents are Jewish immigrants from Iran.
Nes' most famous piece recalls Leonardo da Vinci's The Last Supper, * replacing the characters with young male Israeli soldiers. A print sold at auction in Sotheby's for $102,000 in 2005, and another for $264,000 in 2007. The work Nes is notable for series "Soldiers", appeared on the front page of the in which he mixes masculinity and New York Times in May, 2008. homoerotic sexuality, depicting Nes' early work has been Israeli soldiers in a fragile way. In characterized as subverting the 2003 he did a feature for Vogue stereotype of the masculine Israeli Hommes. Nes has given solo man by using homoeroticism and exhibitions at the Wexner Center sleeping, vulnerable figures. for the Arts, Legion of Honor in San Francisco, the Tel Aviv Museum of Art, the He regularly uses dark-skinned Museum of Contemporary Art in Israeli models.The models' poses San Diego, and the Melkweg often evoke the Baroque period. Gallery in Amsterdam, among Nes has said that the inspiration for others. His work has also shown in his photography is partially group exhibitions at the Hotel de autobiographical: Sully in Paris, Haifa Museum of Art â€œMy staged photographs are and the Jewish Museum in New oversized and often recall wellYork, among many others. He has known scenes from Art History and been reviewed in The New York Western Civilization combined with Times, the Financial Times, and personal experiences based on my others. In 2005 Nes was life as a gay youth growing up in a chosen as an outstanding artist of small town on the periphery of the prestigious Israel Cultural Israeli society. â€? Excellence Foundation. 11
Adi Nes Nes lives and works in Tel Aviv. His work is currently sold through Jack Shainman Gallery in New York City and Praz-Delavallade in Paris and Los Angeles. In January 2007, he premiered a new series echoing Biblical stories
Shirazeh Houshiary born Shiraz 15 January 1955 is an Iranian installation artist and sculptor. She is a former Turner Prize nominee, and lives and works in London. Life and work Shirazeh Houshiary left her native country of Iran in 1973. She attended Chelsea School of Art, London (1976â€“9) and was a Cardiff College of Art junior fellow at (1979â€“80).
unveiled a commission by Shirazeh Houshiary and Pip Horne for the East Window.Houshiary's work is included in numerous public and private collections including the Museum of Modern Art, New York and The Tate Collection, London. In 2005, Creative Time commissioned Houshiary and Pip Horne for their Creative Time Art on the Plaza series where the monumental Breath tower was exhibited in New York City. Her work was also included in Feri Daftari's exhibition Houshiary was identified with Without Boundary: Seventeen other young sculptors of her Ways of Looking at the Museum of generation such as Modern Art in 2006 and the 17th Richard Deacon and Anish Kapoor, Biennale of Sydney in 2010. but her work was distinct from theirs in the strong Persian In 2005 (Veil) and 2008 influence which it displayed, (Shroud),Houshiary worked with though sharing with Kapoor a animator Mark Hatchard of Hotbox spiritual concern. Her ideology Studios to create animations for draws on Sufi mystical doctrine gallery installations at the Lehmann and Jalal ad-Din Muhammad Rumi, Maupin Gallery in New York and a Persian mystic and poet from the Lisson Gallery in London. the 13th century. She was a nominee for the 1994 Turner Prize. In 2008, the St Martinin-the-Fields Church in London 13
Shakir Hassan Al Said 1925–2004 an Iraqi painter, sculptor and writer, is considered one of Iraq's most innovative and influential artists. Biography Born in Samawa,Al Said lived, worked and died in Bagdad. He received in 1948 a degree in social science from the Higher Institute of Teachers in Baghdad and in 1954 a diploma in painting from the Institute of Fine Arts in Baghdad where he was taught by Jawad Saleem.He continued his studies at the École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts in Paris until 1959, where he was taught by Raymond Legueult. During his stay in Paris, he discovered Western modern art in galleries and Sumerian art at the Louvre.After his return to
He co-founded in 1951 with Jawad Saleem Jama'et Baghdad lil Fann alHadith (Baghdad Modern Art Group), one of the most unusual arts movements in the Middle East in the post–World War II, that aimed to achieve an artistic approach both modern and embracing of tradition.This specific approach was called Istilham alturath (Seeking inspiration from tradition), considered as "the basic point of departure, to achieve through modern styles, a cultural vision".He headed the group after the death of Saleem in 1961.
In 1971, he founded Al Bu'd al Wahad (the One Dimension Group)",which promoted the modern calligraphic school in Arab art.This group was part of a broader Islamic art movement that emerged independently across North Africa and parts of Asia in the 1950s and Baghdad in 1959, Al Said studied known as the hurufiyah art the work of Yahya ibn movement. Hurufiyah refers to the Mahmud al-Wasiti,sufism and attempt by artists to combine Mansur Al-Hallaj.He gradually traditional art forms, notably abandoned figurative expressions calligraphy as a graphic element and centered his compositions on within a contemporary atwork. Arabic calligraphy. 16
Hurufiyah artists rejected Western art concepts, and instead searched for a new visual languages that reflected their own culture and heritage. These artists successfully transformed calligraphy into a modern aesthetic, which was both contemporary and indigenous. His work is collected by major museums, such as Mathaf: Arab Museum of Modern Art in Doha, the Guggenheim in New York, and Sharjah Art Museum.
History of art(west and middle east)- contemporary art