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CAL IFORNI A S TATE UNI V ERSIT Y, DOMINGUE Z HIL L S C alifornia S tate U ni v ersity D omingue z Head Staff Spiritual Leader Jimi Castillo Tongva Master of Ceremony John Dawson San Carlos Apache Arena Director Victor Chavez Diné Head Man Dancer Adrian Phoenix Paiute/Tohono O’odham Head Lady Dancer Shandiin Yellowhorse Diné Head Gourd Dancer Early Steen Muscogee/Creek Host Northern Drum Changing Spirits Host Southern Drum Sooner Nation National Champion Hoop Dancer Terry Goedel Danza Azteca Xochipilli Native American Flute Mac Lopez Featuring AMERICAN INDIAN MARKETPLACE FRYBREAD INDIAN TACOS

H ills

4th Annual

Pow Wow Honoring the Indigenous Peoples of the Americas

April 19–20, 2014 Saturday, 11:00 a.m.–8:00 p.m. Sunday, 11:00 a.m.–6:00 p.m. CSU Dominguez Hills Sculpture Garden


Contents Greetings from CSUDH President 1 Program 2 The Pow Wow President’s Welcome On behalf of the faculty, staff, and students of California State University, Dominguez Hills, it is my pleasure to welcome the Native American community to campus for the Fourth Annual Pow Wow, Honoring the Indigenous Peoples of the Americas. The importance of pow wows cannot be overstated; they build bridges of understanding between Native Americans and non-natives and serve as the social glue for mobile tribes to remain connected. CSU Dominguez Hills sits on Native American land and prides itself on fostering diversity, inclusivity, and cross-cultural learning opportunities.

3 The Drum & Dancers’ Regalia 4–5 Head Staff and Dances 6 Special Tribute 7 Sponsors 8 Special Thanks

I am grateful to both the Native American community and the faculty, staff, and students of CSU Dominguez Hills for making this day a reality for a fourth consecutive year. Having participated in last year’s pow wow, I look forward to celebrating and honoring the culture and traditions of the indigenous people of the Americas. Sincerely,

Dr. Willie J. Hagan President Victor Chavez and John Dawson (Image courtesy of Roxanne Haynes)


Program April 19–20, 2014 Saturday 11:00 am

Pow Wow Begins Gourd Dance

12:00 noon Grand Entry Invocation Flag and Victory Song Post Colors Head Staff Introductions Royalty Introductions 12:30 pm

Dr. Willie Hagan President, CSU Dominguez Hills Provides welcome on behalf of the University

12:35 pm

Dancing, Exhibitions (Tribal, Social and Specials) Hoop Dancer (Terry Goedel) Flute player (Mac Lopez) Danza Azteca Xochipilli

6:45 pm

Closing Prayer and Dance Out

7:00 pm

Pow Wow Concludes

Spiritual Leader James (Jimi) Castillo and his lovely wife Jeanette.

Sunday 11:00 am

Pow Wow Begins Gourd Dance

12:00 noon Grand Entry Invocation Flag and Victory Song Post Colors Head Staff Introductions Royalty Introductions 12:30 pm

Dancing, Exhibitions (Tribal, Social and Specials) Mother’s Day Honoring Song

5:45 pm

Closing Prayer and Dance Out

6:00 pm

Pow Wow Concludes

* As we are on Indian Time, the program is subject to change without notice. 1


The Pow Wow Pow Wows are a critical part of American Indian

The Master of Ceremonies

society. Often the glue that holds a community

The Master of Ceremonies (MC) acts as the “host” or

together helping to maintain continuity in times when

voice that presides over the timing of the Pow Wow.

increased outside pressures try to force changes

The MC is responsible for keeping the Pow Wow

that threaten Indian identity. Pow Wows help fulfill

moving in an orderly and timely manner. He notifies

social and spiritual functions acting as an arena

the dancers, directs the drums in the order and type

where people can visit friends and relatives, honor

of song they will play, and makes announcements

The Arena

members of the community, celebrate happenings

of general interest to all present. Historically, the MC

in the community, and take part in dancing, prayers,

was the camp crier that would gather the people to

The arena area is blessed by the Spiritual Leader at the onset of the Pow Wow. After the arena is blessed, the arena is sacred ground, and the circle area is reserved for dancers, drums, and ceremony.

and rituals helping reinforce traditions and model the

inform them of ceremonies or other events taking place.

Your cooperation in keeping the sacredness of the circle is greatly appreciated. Please keep your children with you at all times (no running or playing in the arena) and keep the arena entry (the East Gate) clear.

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culture for the children so that “the people might live.”

The Arena Director

While this list is by no means comprehensive, it will

The Arena Director directs activities in the arena

give you some guidance as to what you will see and

and helps ensure appropriate behavior. Sometimes

experience at the Pow Wow. The thing to always

the Arena Director is accompanied by a Whip Man

bear in mind is that Pow Wow is a joyous celebration

who sees that the arena is treated with respect. The

of Native American culture and tradition. All are

Arena Director is equivalent to a Sergeant-at-Arms

welcomed to share in the richness and beauty.

maintaining order in the arena, ensuring protocol is followed, and assisting the dancers, the MC, Pow

Some of the various components of the Pow Wow

Wow officials, and the Head Staff in carrying out the

include:

Pow Wow.

The Spiritual Leader

Head Man/Woman Dancer

It is customary to invite the Spiritual Leader from the

These dancers are chosen to lead the Pow Wow

tribe to which the land belongs. In Los Angeles, this

proceedings based on his or her knowledge of

would be the Tongva (also known as the Gabrielino).

dances, protocol, and traditions. Generally, no one

The Spiritual Leader blesses the arena and helps fill

else dances until one or both of the Head Dancers

the spiritual needs of the people.

begin the particular dance or set of dances.

Host Southern Drum, Sooner Nation


The Drum “The Drum” consists of a group of singers surround-

These men have the expertise of knowing the various

ing the Pow Wow drum with a lead singer. Most Pow

styles of songs and do not hesitate when asked to

Wows have a Northern Drum and Southern Drum

sing such. They come from a long line of distinguished

who perform different songs and styles depending

and well known singers who have passed on their

on what is happening in the arena. Other drums are

knowledge and traditions to their sons and grandsons.

invited to join around the arena. The drum is considered sacred as it is “The Heartbeat of the People,” and it is the central feature to the Pow Wow or any other Native American gathering. At the Pow Wow, each drum comes prepared with a repertoire of as many as 200 songs. The singers must know the appropriate song for the various Pow Wow events and dances. Divided into Southern and Northern styles, the listener will notice singing which differs in tempo, pitch, song configuration, and style. The Southern Drum Southern Drum is style of singing and drumming from the Southern Plains, especially Oklahoma. Songs may have breaks or pauses, the cadence is generally slower, and the pitch is lower than Northern Style.

The lead singer Steve Bohay, Kiowa, has sung with various drum groups such as Red Tepee, Red Buffalo, Roubideaux Singers, Rainy Mountain, Hale & Company, Cozad Singers, Southern Thunder and is a member of the World Champion Southern Singers, Bad Medicine. Steve has also been Head Singer for the prestigious Kiowa Gourd Clan Celebration, Gourd Dance portion and War Dance, in Carnegie, Oklahoma. Changing Spirits (Northern Drum) The Changing Spirits Southern Drum is comprised of supporters of American Indian Changing Spirits Residential Recovery Center in Long Beach, California. Friends of Changing Spirits are community members, relatives, and/or alumni. American Indian Changing Spirits Recovery Center is a culturally relevant

The Northern Drum

program that includes drumming, silver smithing,

Northern Drum is the Northern Plains style of singing

and sweat lodge and is run for and by the American

and drumming. Songs are generally in four parts with

Indian community.

a tailing end, with no breaks or pauses, and uses

Dancers’ Regalia The dancers’ clothing is called “regalia.” Please do not refer to the clothing of the dancer as a “costume.” Doing so could be taken as an offense, though the dancer may not voice it. Among traditional dancers it is thought that only clowns and actors wear costumes. A dancer’s regalia is a unique expression of spirit, often comprised of heirlooms and other articles handmade by family and friends handed down from generation to generation. Please do not touch a dancer’s regalia or photograph without first asking permission.

higher pitch singing. The Head Singer Head Singer is the lead singer, most often from the Host Southern Drum. He holds the honorary position, and chooses the appropriate song(s) and leads the drum. Sooner Nation (Southern Drum) The Sooner Nation Southern Drum is comprised of a group of young men that are accomplished singers in their own right. Now living in the Southern California area, most of these singers are originally from Oklahoma and their songs are of the southern style. This drum group consists of singers from the Kiowa, Kickapoo, Creek, Navajo & Comanche tribes. They have been chosen as Host Drum and Head Singers at many powwows throughout California and the United States. 3


Head Staff Head Man Dancer

has a younger brother,

Adrian Hawk Phoenix

Shiigo Yellowhorse and

Adrian Hawk Phoenix comes from the Tohono O’odham and Northern Paiute Nations. His mother, Annette

Arrive at the Start of the Day

Yellowhorse. Shandiin likes to travel and spends time beading and sewing. She also attends

Phoenix, is Tohono

school at Los Angeles

O’odham from the

Harbor College majoring in Liberal Studies. Shandiin

Gunsight Village in

would like to thank the Cal State Dominguez Hills

southern Arizona, and his father, Marvin Phoenix, is

Pow Wow Committee for selecting her as Head Lady

Northern Paiute from Fort Bidwell, CA.

for this year’s pow wow. Ahe’hee

The second oldest of four brothers, Phoenix grew up

Dances

in Highland Park area and now resides in Downey

The MC will often explain many of the events before they start. If a printed program is available use it to follow the day’s activities. The program may also include special rules of conduct.

and works at UCLA Meeting Room Services and

Stand During Special Songs

now dances Northern Traditional. He would like give a

Including the Grand Entry, Flag Song, Veteran’s Song, Memorial Song, as well as any Prayer Songs the MC indicates. Men and women should remove hats during these songs to show respect. Head Woman Dancer, Shandiin Yellowhorse, Diné

this weekend.

Catering. He is father to two daughters, 5-year-old Jasmine Phoenix (aka Jazzy), who holds the Ms. Mount Bidwell Paiute Princess title, and newborn Alanna Jae Phoenix.

Men’s Fancy Dance The Men’s Fancy Dance is characterized by copious beadwork, brilliant colors, double

Phoenix started dancing at an early age as a Fancy Dancer, and then moved on to Grass Dancing, and big thanks to the Cal State Dominguez Hills Pow Wow Committee for choosing him to be the headman for

“Dancers dance hard and singers jam out. And everyone has a good weekend!”

bustles and sometimes bustles at the arms. This dance takes grace, strength, and incredible coordination. Created and developed in White Eagle, Oklahoma among the Ponca tribe. Women’s Fancy Shawl Dance Long-fringed shawls with colorful designs coordi-

Head Woman Dancer

nate with beaded moccasins, leggings, capes, and

Shandiin Yellowhorse

hairties. Another spirited high-energy dance, this

Shandiin Yellowhorse, 23, was born of the Navajo Nation for the Kinyaa’aanii Clan. Her mother is Susie Jensen and her father is Jorge Lechuga. Her maternal grandparents are the late Nona Yellowhorse and Thurston Jensen. Her paternal grandmother is the late Mary Jane Parra. Shandiin

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a younger sister, Starr


dance from the north country and has become more

Bring Your Own Seating

popular in recent years. The Lakota women introduced this dance into the pow wow arena. Men’s Northern Traditional Dance The Men’s Northern Traditional Dancers wear elaborate bustles with eagle feathers. Headpieces to the tribe or dancer. This dance is about control and stateliness . The Jingle Dance This dance is characterized by the numerous jingle cones that “sing” with the dancer like the sound of many tiny bells . The story goes that an old Ojibwa man dreamed of the dance and made the dress for or “roaches” are made of porcupine hair or the

Respect Regalia

hair from the deer’s tail. Usually two eagle feathers adorn the center of the roach and are often placed in “spinners” to allow the feathers to twirl during the movement of the dance. Grass Dance The Grass Dancer can be identified by the lack

his daughter . The spirits were so pleased, the man

of bustles, long fringe

made a miraculous recovery.

or ribbons hanging gracefully from the regalia, and elaborately decorated pants, shirt, cuffs, apron and moccasins. Usually a “roach” with one feather adorns the head of the grass dancer. Dancers often wear bells at the ankle that make for an auditory accompanyment to the fast and energetic movements of the grass dancer.

Unless you are a family member of the dancers, singers, drums or Head Staff, please provide you own seating. Public seating/stands are often provided. Bring a lawn chair or blanket to sit on. Please do not move chairs or blanket already set to make room for yours.

Never pick up or handle another person’s regalia without permission. Besides regalia being expensive, many of the symbols represent families or nations, and some articles are sacred.

Ladies’ Traditional Buckskin Dance This dance is the epitome of stateliness and regality, and the dancer carries herself with dignity and absolute control . The buckskin dress decorated with elaborate beadwork is finely made and a thing of beauty. During the song, the Northern-style dancer will salute the drum with her feather fan. The Southern-style dancer witll gently bow the head.

Ladies’ Cloth Dance

Participants stand during

The Ladies’ Cloth Dance is characterized by the slow,

the blessing and honor-

graceful walk and gentle sway in exact time to the

ing songs. Men remove

music contribute to the stateliness of the dance. The

their hats in respect, and

gentle swaying motion of the shawl folded over the

women wear or carry

arm and motion of the body match the drumbeat.

their shawls during this time or when entering the

Much of the beaded work contain important symbols

arena. 5


Special Tribute Mamie Daugomah Bohay Mamie Daugomah Bohay, Kiowa, moved to California from Oklahoma in 1953 along with her husband, Phil R . Bohay, Sr. Although the government relocation program was in progress at that time, they were not “relocation Indians.” They lived in California from

Chair of the National Congress of American Indians

1953-1983. While living in California, Mamie was

Rules and Credentials Committee for many years

instrumental in the formation of LA’s first pow wow

in honor of her father James Daugomah who was

club, The Drum and Feather Club and served as one

a founding member of the NCAI. She served on the

of their first secretaries. She was also involved in the

Board of Directors of the LA Indian Center, Treasurer

formation of the Golden State Gourd Society.

of the ican Indian Exposition Board, Kiowa Housing

Mamie Daugomah Bohay was the coordinator for the LA Bi-centennial pow wow that was held at CSUDH in 1981. She worked very hard to raise the funds needed to hold the event, the Princess Pageant, and dinner that was held as well. People came from as

the Kiowa Business Committee, NCAI Tribal legate to the White House Conference on the National Indian Education ociation and was a member of the American War Mother’s Kiowan Chapter 18.

far away as Oklahoma to attend and participate.

Mamie received many recognitions and honors for

She received recognition from Mayor Tom Bradley

her community volvement. She was selected for the

for her outstanding achievements in making this a

Native American/Alaskan Women’s esource Guide,

wonderful event for the Native community and City of

received the Outstanding CETA participant National

Los Angeles.

Award, Title II, Anadarko Agency Employee Award, Mamie attended Riverside Indian School

State of Oklahoma Award of Recognition, Women in Tribal Government, and Women in Indian Country 2006.

and the Haskell

Throughout all of these wonderful accomplishment,

Institute graduating

Mamie raised a family of nine children and was

from Carnegie High

also a working woman. She was a woman of many

School. She attended

accomplishments and her family is extremely proud

CSU Los Angeles

to call her “mom.”

and received her Bachelor of Science Degree in Business Administration from the University of Science and Arts of Oklahoma. She served as the

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Authority Commissioner, terms as Secretary of


Sponsors CSU Dominguez Hills Foundation The California State University, Dominguez Hills Foundation was incorporated in 1968 as a partner of the university to provide services and to develop and enhance programs that are an integral part of the educational mission of California State University, Dominguez Hills. For tax deductible donations, please make checks payable to Foundation AII # 8283 Phone (310) 243-3306

Center for Service Learning, Internships and Civic Engagement The CSUDH Center for Service Learning, Internships and Civic Engagement (SLICE) is committed to facilitating and fostering quality experiential learning opportunities for students. www .csudh .edu/csl

CSUDH American Indian Institute (AII) Our American Indian Insitute promotes education, health, culture, and social justice in the American Indian Community . Also, the Insitute aims to provide an arena to engage and promote current and future American Indian-related opportunities to the campus community. www .csudh .edu/csl/aii

American Indian Changing Spirits Anthropology Department Behavioral Health Services CSUDH Center for Urban Environmental Research CSUDH University Library Dominguez Rancho Adobe Museum CSU Office of the Chancellor External Relations

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Special Thanks To California State University, To Jorge Haynes Dominguez Hills

American churches, Latino

We wish to acknowledge and thank Jorge B.

organizations, Asian

For all of the support and encouragement

Haynes, emeritus senior director of external

Pacific Islander

from administration, faculty, and staff that

relations for the California State University Office

representatives

have worked to help us present the CSUDH

of the Chancellor, for his steadfast commitment

and Native

4th Annual Pow Wow Honoring the Indigenous

to Native American communities and his support

American

Peoples of the Americas.

of the Pow Wow and the American Indian Institute

communities

at CSU Dominguez Hills.

have created new

Jorge Haynes

pathways and support for academic preparation Jorge was the primary

leading to a university education for traditionally

liaison between the

underrepresented communities.

CSU Chancellor’s Office and underrepre-sented communities in California and nationally. The CSUs

Jorge retired this year, but the effects of his work on behalf of the CSU will be felt for generations to come. We wish him the best!

partnerships with African

Pendleton Blankets The CSU Dominguez Hills Annual Pow Wow wishes to express our appreciation for Pendleton Lake Arrowhead’s donation of a beautiful Pendleton American Indian blanket to support our Pow Wow.

Lake Arrowhead Pendleton Store #52 offering up to 75% off sales! We are located in the San Bernardino Mountains: Pendleton #52 Lake Arrowhead Suite F-100, 28200 Hwy 189 Lake Arrowhead, CA 92352 (909) 336-4860

Pendleton, USA - Serving American Indians Since 1896 • www.pendleton-usa.com 8


 

CSUDH

Our Mission The CSUDH Anthropology Club is a community dedicated to enriching the lives of our Anthropology majors, minors and friends. Each of us has such varying interests, yet we are linked by our fascination and passion for the study of humanity: past societies, the development of our species, cultural issues, language structure and use, and social group interaction. We are committed to helping each other succeed in our program, not only by holding each other accountable, but by creating a delightful and engaging atmosphere. Feel free to stop by and check out everything we have to offer!

Meetings Every Wednesday @ 5:30pm SBS-A134 Contact: Steve Rosales yaqui1978@sbcglobal.net 310-872-7515 or, csudhanthroclub@gmail.com

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1000 E. Victoria Street, Carson, CA 90747 路 (310) 243-2001 路 www.csudh.edu


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