CAL IFORNI A S TATE UNI V ERSIT Y, DOMINGUE Z HIL L S C alifornia S tate U ni v ersity D omingue z Head Staff Spiritual Leader Jimi Castillo Tongva Master of Ceremony John Dawson San Carlos Apache Arena Director Victor Chavez Diné Head Man Dancer Adrian Phoenix Paiute/Tohono O’odham Head Lady Dancer Shandiin Yellowhorse Diné Head Gourd Dancer Early Steen Muscogee/Creek Host Northern Drum Changing Spirits Host Southern Drum Sooner Nation National Champion Hoop Dancer Terry Goedel Danza Azteca Xochipilli Native American Flute Mac Lopez Featuring AMERICAN INDIAN MARKETPLACE FRYBREAD INDIAN TACOS
Pow Wow Honoring the Indigenous Peoples of the Americas
April 19–20, 2014 Saturday, 11:00 a.m.–8:00 p.m. Sunday, 11:00 a.m.–6:00 p.m. CSU Dominguez Hills Sculpture Garden
Contents Greetings from CSUDH President 1 Program 2 The Pow Wow President’s Welcome On behalf of the faculty, staff, and students of California State University, Dominguez Hills, it is my pleasure to welcome the Native American community to campus for the Fourth Annual Pow Wow, Honoring the Indigenous Peoples of the Americas. The importance of pow wows cannot be overstated; they build bridges of understanding between Native Americans and non-natives and serve as the social glue for mobile tribes to remain connected. CSU Dominguez Hills sits on Native American land and prides itself on fostering diversity, inclusivity, and cross-cultural learning opportunities.
3 The Drum & Dancers’ Regalia 4–5 Head Staff and Dances 6 Special Tribute 7 Sponsors 8 Special Thanks
I am grateful to both the Native American community and the faculty, staff, and students of CSU Dominguez Hills for making this day a reality for a fourth consecutive year. Having participated in last year’s pow wow, I look forward to celebrating and honoring the culture and traditions of the indigenous people of the Americas. Sincerely,
Dr. Willie J. Hagan President Victor Chavez and John Dawson (Image courtesy of Roxanne Haynes)
Program April 19–20, 2014 Saturday 11:00 am
Pow Wow Begins Gourd Dance
12:00 noon Grand Entry Invocation Flag and Victory Song Post Colors Head Staff Introductions Royalty Introductions 12:30 pm
Dr. Willie Hagan President, CSU Dominguez Hills Provides welcome on behalf of the University
Dancing, Exhibitions (Tribal, Social and Specials) Hoop Dancer (Terry Goedel) Flute player (Mac Lopez) Danza Azteca Xochipilli
Closing Prayer and Dance Out
Pow Wow Concludes
Spiritual Leader James (Jimi) Castillo and his lovely wife Jeanette.
Sunday 11:00 am
Pow Wow Begins Gourd Dance
12:00 noon Grand Entry Invocation Flag and Victory Song Post Colors Head Staff Introductions Royalty Introductions 12:30 pm
Dancing, Exhibitions (Tribal, Social and Specials) Mother’s Day Honoring Song
Closing Prayer and Dance Out
Pow Wow Concludes
* As we are on Indian Time, the program is subject to change without notice. 1
The Pow Wow Pow Wows are a critical part of American Indian
The Master of Ceremonies
society. Often the glue that holds a community
The Master of Ceremonies (MC) acts as the “host” or
together helping to maintain continuity in times when
voice that presides over the timing of the Pow Wow.
increased outside pressures try to force changes
The MC is responsible for keeping the Pow Wow
that threaten Indian identity. Pow Wows help fulfill
moving in an orderly and timely manner. He notifies
social and spiritual functions acting as an arena
the dancers, directs the drums in the order and type
where people can visit friends and relatives, honor
of song they will play, and makes announcements
members of the community, celebrate happenings
of general interest to all present. Historically, the MC
in the community, and take part in dancing, prayers,
was the camp crier that would gather the people to
The arena area is blessed by the Spiritual Leader at the onset of the Pow Wow. After the arena is blessed, the arena is sacred ground, and the circle area is reserved for dancers, drums, and ceremony.
and rituals helping reinforce traditions and model the
inform them of ceremonies or other events taking place.
Your cooperation in keeping the sacredness of the circle is greatly appreciated. Please keep your children with you at all times (no running or playing in the arena) and keep the arena entry (the East Gate) clear.
culture for the children so that “the people might live.”
The Arena Director
While this list is by no means comprehensive, it will
The Arena Director directs activities in the arena
give you some guidance as to what you will see and
and helps ensure appropriate behavior. Sometimes
experience at the Pow Wow. The thing to always
the Arena Director is accompanied by a Whip Man
bear in mind is that Pow Wow is a joyous celebration
who sees that the arena is treated with respect. The
of Native American culture and tradition. All are
Arena Director is equivalent to a Sergeant-at-Arms
welcomed to share in the richness and beauty.
maintaining order in the arena, ensuring protocol is followed, and assisting the dancers, the MC, Pow
Some of the various components of the Pow Wow
Wow officials, and the Head Staff in carrying out the
The Spiritual Leader
Head Man/Woman Dancer
It is customary to invite the Spiritual Leader from the
These dancers are chosen to lead the Pow Wow
tribe to which the land belongs. In Los Angeles, this
proceedings based on his or her knowledge of
would be the Tongva (also known as the Gabrielino).
dances, protocol, and traditions. Generally, no one
The Spiritual Leader blesses the arena and helps fill
else dances until one or both of the Head Dancers
the spiritual needs of the people.
begin the particular dance or set of dances.
Host Southern Drum, Sooner Nation
The Drum “The Drum” consists of a group of singers surround-
These men have the expertise of knowing the various
ing the Pow Wow drum with a lead singer. Most Pow
styles of songs and do not hesitate when asked to
Wows have a Northern Drum and Southern Drum
sing such. They come from a long line of distinguished
who perform different songs and styles depending
and well known singers who have passed on their
on what is happening in the arena. Other drums are
knowledge and traditions to their sons and grandsons.
invited to join around the arena. The drum is considered sacred as it is “The Heartbeat of the People,” and it is the central feature to the Pow Wow or any other Native American gathering. At the Pow Wow, each drum comes prepared with a repertoire of as many as 200 songs. The singers must know the appropriate song for the various Pow Wow events and dances. Divided into Southern and Northern styles, the listener will notice singing which differs in tempo, pitch, song configuration, and style. The Southern Drum Southern Drum is style of singing and drumming from the Southern Plains, especially Oklahoma. Songs may have breaks or pauses, the cadence is generally slower, and the pitch is lower than Northern Style.
The lead singer Steve Bohay, Kiowa, has sung with various drum groups such as Red Tepee, Red Buffalo, Roubideaux Singers, Rainy Mountain, Hale & Company, Cozad Singers, Southern Thunder and is a member of the World Champion Southern Singers, Bad Medicine. Steve has also been Head Singer for the prestigious Kiowa Gourd Clan Celebration, Gourd Dance portion and War Dance, in Carnegie, Oklahoma. Changing Spirits (Northern Drum) The Changing Spirits Southern Drum is comprised of supporters of American Indian Changing Spirits Residential Recovery Center in Long Beach, California. Friends of Changing Spirits are community members, relatives, and/or alumni. American Indian Changing Spirits Recovery Center is a culturally relevant
The Northern Drum
program that includes drumming, silver smithing,
Northern Drum is the Northern Plains style of singing
and sweat lodge and is run for and by the American
and drumming. Songs are generally in four parts with
a tailing end, with no breaks or pauses, and uses
Dancers’ Regalia The dancers’ clothing is called “regalia.” Please do not refer to the clothing of the dancer as a “costume.” Doing so could be taken as an offense, though the dancer may not voice it. Among traditional dancers it is thought that only clowns and actors wear costumes. A dancer’s regalia is a unique expression of spirit, often comprised of heirlooms and other articles handmade by family and friends handed down from generation to generation. Please do not touch a dancer’s regalia or photograph without first asking permission.
higher pitch singing. The Head Singer Head Singer is the lead singer, most often from the Host Southern Drum. He holds the honorary position, and chooses the appropriate song(s) and leads the drum. Sooner Nation (Southern Drum) The Sooner Nation Southern Drum is comprised of a group of young men that are accomplished singers in their own right. Now living in the Southern California area, most of these singers are originally from Oklahoma and their songs are of the southern style. This drum group consists of singers from the Kiowa, Kickapoo, Creek, Navajo & Comanche tribes. They have been chosen as Host Drum and Head Singers at many powwows throughout California and the United States. 3
Head Staff Head Man Dancer
has a younger brother,
Adrian Hawk Phoenix
Shiigo Yellowhorse and
Adrian Hawk Phoenix comes from the Tohono O’odham and Northern Paiute Nations. His mother, Annette
Arrive at the Start of the Day
Yellowhorse. Shandiin likes to travel and spends time beading and sewing. She also attends
Phoenix, is Tohono
school at Los Angeles
O’odham from the
Harbor College majoring in Liberal Studies. Shandiin
Gunsight Village in
would like to thank the Cal State Dominguez Hills
southern Arizona, and his father, Marvin Phoenix, is
Pow Wow Committee for selecting her as Head Lady
Northern Paiute from Fort Bidwell, CA.
for this year’s pow wow. Ahe’hee
The second oldest of four brothers, Phoenix grew up
in Highland Park area and now resides in Downey
The MC will often explain many of the events before they start. If a printed program is available use it to follow the day’s activities. The program may also include special rules of conduct.
and works at UCLA Meeting Room Services and
Stand During Special Songs
now dances Northern Traditional. He would like give a
Including the Grand Entry, Flag Song, Veteran’s Song, Memorial Song, as well as any Prayer Songs the MC indicates. Men and women should remove hats during these songs to show respect. Head Woman Dancer, Shandiin Yellowhorse, Diné
Catering. He is father to two daughters, 5-year-old Jasmine Phoenix (aka Jazzy), who holds the Ms. Mount Bidwell Paiute Princess title, and newborn Alanna Jae Phoenix.
Men’s Fancy Dance The Men’s Fancy Dance is characterized by copious beadwork, brilliant colors, double
Phoenix started dancing at an early age as a Fancy Dancer, and then moved on to Grass Dancing, and big thanks to the Cal State Dominguez Hills Pow Wow Committee for choosing him to be the headman for
“Dancers dance hard and singers jam out. And everyone has a good weekend!”
bustles and sometimes bustles at the arms. This dance takes grace, strength, and incredible coordination. Created and developed in White Eagle, Oklahoma among the Ponca tribe. Women’s Fancy Shawl Dance Long-fringed shawls with colorful designs coordi-
Head Woman Dancer
nate with beaded moccasins, leggings, capes, and
hairties. Another spirited high-energy dance, this
Shandiin Yellowhorse, 23, was born of the Navajo Nation for the Kinyaa’aanii Clan. Her mother is Susie Jensen and her father is Jorge Lechuga. Her maternal grandparents are the late Nona Yellowhorse and Thurston Jensen. Her paternal grandmother is the late Mary Jane Parra. Shandiin
a younger sister, Starr
dance from the north country and has become more
Bring Your Own Seating
popular in recent years. The Lakota women introduced this dance into the pow wow arena. Men’s Northern Traditional Dance The Men’s Northern Traditional Dancers wear elaborate bustles with eagle feathers. Headpieces to the tribe or dancer. This dance is about control and stateliness . The Jingle Dance This dance is characterized by the numerous jingle cones that “sing” with the dancer like the sound of many tiny bells . The story goes that an old Ojibwa man dreamed of the dance and made the dress for or “roaches” are made of porcupine hair or the
hair from the deer’s tail. Usually two eagle feathers adorn the center of the roach and are often placed in “spinners” to allow the feathers to twirl during the movement of the dance. Grass Dance The Grass Dancer can be identified by the lack
his daughter . The spirits were so pleased, the man
of bustles, long fringe
made a miraculous recovery.
or ribbons hanging gracefully from the regalia, and elaborately decorated pants, shirt, cuffs, apron and moccasins. Usually a “roach” with one feather adorns the head of the grass dancer. Dancers often wear bells at the ankle that make for an auditory accompanyment to the fast and energetic movements of the grass dancer.
Unless you are a family member of the dancers, singers, drums or Head Staff, please provide you own seating. Public seating/stands are often provided. Bring a lawn chair or blanket to sit on. Please do not move chairs or blanket already set to make room for yours.
Never pick up or handle another person’s regalia without permission. Besides regalia being expensive, many of the symbols represent families or nations, and some articles are sacred.
Ladies’ Traditional Buckskin Dance This dance is the epitome of stateliness and regality, and the dancer carries herself with dignity and absolute control . The buckskin dress decorated with elaborate beadwork is finely made and a thing of beauty. During the song, the Northern-style dancer will salute the drum with her feather fan. The Southern-style dancer witll gently bow the head.
Ladies’ Cloth Dance
Participants stand during
The Ladies’ Cloth Dance is characterized by the slow,
the blessing and honor-
graceful walk and gentle sway in exact time to the
ing songs. Men remove
music contribute to the stateliness of the dance. The
their hats in respect, and
gentle swaying motion of the shawl folded over the
women wear or carry
arm and motion of the body match the drumbeat.
their shawls during this time or when entering the
Much of the beaded work contain important symbols
Special Tribute Mamie Daugomah Bohay Mamie Daugomah Bohay, Kiowa, moved to California from Oklahoma in 1953 along with her husband, Phil R . Bohay, Sr. Although the government relocation program was in progress at that time, they were not “relocation Indians.” They lived in California from
Chair of the National Congress of American Indians
1953-1983. While living in California, Mamie was
Rules and Credentials Committee for many years
instrumental in the formation of LA’s first pow wow
in honor of her father James Daugomah who was
club, The Drum and Feather Club and served as one
a founding member of the NCAI. She served on the
of their first secretaries. She was also involved in the
Board of Directors of the LA Indian Center, Treasurer
formation of the Golden State Gourd Society.
of the ican Indian Exposition Board, Kiowa Housing
Mamie Daugomah Bohay was the coordinator for the LA Bi-centennial pow wow that was held at CSUDH in 1981. She worked very hard to raise the funds needed to hold the event, the Princess Pageant, and dinner that was held as well. People came from as
the Kiowa Business Committee, NCAI Tribal legate to the White House Conference on the National Indian Education ociation and was a member of the American War Mother’s Kiowan Chapter 18.
far away as Oklahoma to attend and participate.
Mamie received many recognitions and honors for
She received recognition from Mayor Tom Bradley
her community volvement. She was selected for the
for her outstanding achievements in making this a
Native American/Alaskan Women’s esource Guide,
wonderful event for the Native community and City of
received the Outstanding CETA participant National
Award, Title II, Anadarko Agency Employee Award, Mamie attended Riverside Indian School
State of Oklahoma Award of Recognition, Women in Tribal Government, and Women in Indian Country 2006.
and the Haskell
Throughout all of these wonderful accomplishment,
Mamie raised a family of nine children and was
from Carnegie High
also a working woman. She was a woman of many
School. She attended
accomplishments and her family is extremely proud
CSU Los Angeles
to call her “mom.”
and received her Bachelor of Science Degree in Business Administration from the University of Science and Arts of Oklahoma. She served as the
Authority Commissioner, terms as Secretary of
Sponsors CSU Dominguez Hills Foundation The California State University, Dominguez Hills Foundation was incorporated in 1968 as a partner of the university to provide services and to develop and enhance programs that are an integral part of the educational mission of California State University, Dominguez Hills. For tax deductible donations, please make checks payable to Foundation AII # 8283 Phone (310) 243-3306
Center for Service Learning, Internships and Civic Engagement The CSUDH Center for Service Learning, Internships and Civic Engagement (SLICE) is committed to facilitating and fostering quality experiential learning opportunities for students. www .csudh .edu/csl
CSUDH American Indian Institute (AII) Our American Indian Insitute promotes education, health, culture, and social justice in the American Indian Community . Also, the Insitute aims to provide an arena to engage and promote current and future American Indian-related opportunities to the campus community. www .csudh .edu/csl/aii
American Indian Changing Spirits Anthropology Department Behavioral Health Services CSUDH Center for Urban Environmental Research CSUDH University Library Dominguez Rancho Adobe Museum CSU Office of the Chancellor External Relations
Special Thanks To California State University, To Jorge Haynes Dominguez Hills
American churches, Latino
We wish to acknowledge and thank Jorge B.
For all of the support and encouragement
Haynes, emeritus senior director of external
from administration, faculty, and staff that
relations for the California State University Office
have worked to help us present the CSUDH
of the Chancellor, for his steadfast commitment
4th Annual Pow Wow Honoring the Indigenous
to Native American communities and his support
Peoples of the Americas.
of the Pow Wow and the American Indian Institute
at CSU Dominguez Hills.
have created new
pathways and support for academic preparation Jorge was the primary
leading to a university education for traditionally
liaison between the
CSU Chancellor’s Office and underrepre-sented communities in California and nationally. The CSUs
Jorge retired this year, but the effects of his work on behalf of the CSU will be felt for generations to come. We wish him the best!
partnerships with African
Pendleton Blankets The CSU Dominguez Hills Annual Pow Wow wishes to express our appreciation for Pendleton Lake Arrowhead’s donation of a beautiful Pendleton American Indian blanket to support our Pow Wow.
Lake Arrowhead Pendleton Store #52 offering up to 75% off sales! We are located in the San Bernardino Mountains: Pendleton #52 Lake Arrowhead Suite F-100, 28200 Hwy 189 Lake Arrowhead, CA 92352 (909) 336-4860
Pendleton, USA - Serving American Indians Since 1896 • www.pendleton-usa.com 8
Our Mission The CSUDH Anthropology Club is a community dedicated to enriching the lives of our Anthropology majors, minors and friends. Each of us has such varying interests, yet we are linked by our fascination and passion for the study of humanity: past societies, the development of our species, cultural issues, language structure and use, and social group interaction. We are committed to helping each other succeed in our program, not only by holding each other accountable, but by creating a delightful and engaging atmosphere. Feel free to stop by and check out everything we have to offer!
Meetings Every Wednesday @ 5:30pm SBS-A134 Contact: Steve Rosales email@example.com 310-872-7515 or, firstname.lastname@example.org
1000 E. Victoria Street, Carson, CA 90747 路 (310) 243-2001 路 www.csudh.edu