__MAIN_TEXT__

Page 1

Competition for designing a MOSQUE IN REYKJAVIK Result of the jury The Muslim Association of Iceland in collaboration with The Association of Icelandic Architects


Preface On February 26th, 2015, the Muslim Association of Iceland and the Association of Icelandic Architects signed a contract for a design-competition of a mosque in Reykjavik. The competition was launched in March 2015. The date of proposal-submissions was May 26th, 2015, and the jury planned to reach a conclusion by the middle of June. Due to the competitors’ strong request, the submission was postponed. Thus, the result of the jury was delayed. A total of 63 proposals were submitted, which was beyond expectations. Every proposal was reviewed and judged. It was clear that the jury faced a tough task and could not deliver the results in three weeks, as planned initially. Several other uncontrollable circumstances caused further delays, so the jury could not complete its work until September.

Around that time a change of regime took place within the Muslim Association of Iceland, where a new chairman of the board was chosen. The former chairman, Sverrir Agnarsson, was also chairman of the jury. These changes caused even further delay in publishing the jury‘s results. The Association of Icelandic Architects regrets the delays of the competition and that is was not possible to inform the competitors about the reasons of delay, at each point in time. We hereby sincerely apologise for that. On behalf of the Association of Icelandic Architects, Sigríður Ólafsdóttir, chairman of the AÍ competition committee.


Preparation

Description

Objective

Criteria

The Association of Muslims in Iceland, from here on called proprietor, sponsored a competition for the first purpose-built mosque in Iceland in the Sogamýri area of Reykjavik, the capital of Iceland.

General points

The main objectives of the competition where:

The following points were important in the evaluation of the jury:

To seek diverse and ambitious ideas of a mosque that houses the congregational activities of the Muslim community in Reykjavík, the capital of Iceland

That the overall appearance of the building should reflects high quality architecture.

The project was to design a mosque, a Muslim place of worship. Fourteen years have passed since The Association of Muslims in Iceland applied for a building site in Reykjavik for the first time. The association has been operating a mosque in Armúli 38 since 2002, but that locality is not practical and it is long overdue to raise a purpose-built mosque in the northernmost capital of the world.

The building was to be fully integrated into its surroundings as well as practical in construction and operation. The building and the site layout should demonstrate high quality architecture, taking into account the green area that surrounds the site on two sides. Access for disabled was to be optimal, both externally an internally. The current local plan allows for a 2 storey building with a maximum wall height of 8,5 meters. The maximum height of the construction is 9,5 meters. In addition a small tower of 20m2 is authorised, the tower can be 5-10 meters above the mentioned 9,5 meters reaching maximum 19,5 meters above ground level. The construction site plans showed the outermost limits of buildings, balconies included. A mandatory building line was defined in the land, and at least 70% of the long side of the building must touch this boundary line. The form/shape of the building within the construction site is discretionary.

To obtain interesting proposals for a mosque built in harmony with the current local plan for Reykjavík. To promote collective prayers and cultural activity under the banner of Islam

That the building should be in harmony with its environment. That the outer and inner layout harmonises with the utilisation and activities attached to mosques. That the choice of materials is suitable for the planned activities and promotes reasonable building and operating costs. That an eco-friendly solution will be employed. The competition is a project design competition and open to everyone that fulfills the requirements of the competition brief.


Awards

Members of the jury

A total of 5.000.000 ISK, was to be granted for the three best solutions and the 1st prize was not to be less than 2,500,000 ISK. The jury could also purchase proposals for up to 1,000,000 ISK. The proprietor reserved the right to utilise ideas from all awarded suggestions, within the limits of the Icelandic copy right laws.

Nominated by the buyer: Sverrir Agnarsson, chairman of the jury Ólafur Halldórsson, cashier of the Muslim Association of Iceland Rúnar Gunnarsson, architect, AIA Nominated by The Association of Icelandic Architects: Hans-Olav Andersen, architect MNAL and FAÍ Aðalheiður Atladóttur, architect FAÍ The technical advisors of the jury Nominated by the City of Reykjavík: Nikulás Úlfar Másson, head of department, building authorities of Reykjavik Björn Axelsson, head of department, planning authorities of Reykjavik Björn Ingi Edvardsson, project manager, planning authorities of Reykjavik The secretary of the jury Guðjón Magnússon, architect FAÍ The competition officer Nominated by The Association of the Icelandic Architects: Haraldur Helgason, architect FAÍ


The result of the jury After thorough consideration of the proposals, which had ben given the numbers from 1 to 63, the jury agreed anonymously on the following result at a meeting held September 28th, 2015. The results were introduced to the competition officer at this same meeting. The anonymity of the proposals was then broken and the competition officer announced the results of the competition. The jury agreed on the following results: Winning proposals: 1st Prize ISK. 2.500.000, proposal number 20, named 18052 2nd Prize ISK. 1.5000.000, proposal number 13, named 11212 3rd Prize ISK. 1.000.000, proposal number 39, named 51664 Honorable mention: Proposal number 10, named 10840 Proposal number 37, named 43710 Proposal number 51, named 75315 Proposal number 63, named 200567


Proposal 20 - 18052

1st Prize A mosque with traditional and modern elements, as well as Icelandic and Islamic references. It is an interaction of a rather massive building part cladded with Icelandic basalt stone and the dome and lighter elements of wood, glass and grass. The circle-shaped worship room is connected to the assembly room in

a functional way. The arrangement and shape of the rooms on the upper floor is unusual. The entrance changes from a single storey space into a double storey, bright and spacious lobby. The restrooms and ablution are combined, which may need to be reviewed. The circulation area is rather large and should be made

Authors Gunnlaugur StefĂĄn Baldursson, architect FAĂ?. Germany Cooporation: Pia Bickmann, architect

more efficient in further development. The worship room works well with a dome-shaped window in the roof letting daylight in. It has references of a sanctuary. Parking arrangement needs to be reviewed. The proposal fulfills best the expectations of the representatives of the users of the building. The humble

proposal has great potential for further development.


Proposal 20 - 18052


Proposal 13 - 11212

R3;9+7*/)

Miklabrut

as

/%

3)$&+&,%()*+9&,1/*)B+*<&+4& 4&+*1/(<&3)Z

#$%&8379+&5160+44& The Qibla Compass

2nd Prize

013()&3(&)$%&614./%&

The author presents a clear and simple geometric solution to the program with worship and assembly rooms in a circular space in the middle, and all other functions gathered under a large turf roof spanning the length of the lot. One terrace on each side of the building serves as an entrance and recreation

&M*,$3)%,)/*%&

1/4%&D3)$&1(%&?+79% 4&

%

01*)&2/(,)31(4

=

area and connects the building nicely to itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s surroundings. Parking and technical facilities are placed in the basement. The multifunctional wall of the worship area and the assembly hall is a clever solution, although the technical implementation of the exterior is questionable, and the proposed material did not convince

the jury. Overall the proposal presents -3)%&09+( !TVUU an elegant scheme with itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Site plansimplicity 1:500 and answers all the requirements in a convincing way. N

#$%&

#$%&5160+44& The Qibla D The Compass maks the d

L%(,$

L%(,$

Bench

Bench

S/(,)31(4 '()*+(,%&4./+*% Entrance square

M,,%44&0+*;3(? Access parking

51/*)B+*<

The Worship Hall #$%&N1*4$30&O+99

L3,B,9%&0+*;3(? Bicycle parking

Functions

I93() Plint N+)%*&%9%6%() Courtyard Water element Highpoint marks direction towards the Qibla O3?$013()&6+*;4&<3*%,)31(& )1D+*<4&)$%&8379+

Artificial light machine

Skylight

Green roof

Green hill

6+,$3(%

@*%%(&$399 Restroom

@*%%(&*112

Cloakroom

Logitudinal section 1:200 H1?3)/<3(+9&4%,)31( !T"UU

Y%+<3(?&(3,$%4

Natural light machine

Sliding panels M44%679B&$+99

Y%4)*116 Cloakroom Wall

niches

-;B93?$) Assembly hall

Worship Hall -93<3(?&0+(%94

Library Wall

-3)%& 71/(<+*B

Outdoor seating in low sheltered area with plenty of south light >/)<11*&4%+)3(?&3(&91D& 4$%9)%*%<&+*%+&D3)$&09%()B&12& 41/)$&93?$)

Cloakroom Wall 591+;*116&N+99 Green hill

Worship Hall

Glass facade @*%%(&$399

M*)&<11*4

1;&N+99 Info

H1/(?%

Minbar R3$*+7

Entrance

'()*+(,%&-./+*%

Cross section 1:200 5*144&4%,)31( !T"UU

R3(7+*

'()*+(,%

Parking

Sourth Terrace

Entrance

Bench

N+)%*&%9%6%()

M,/4)3,&N+99

rniture 5160+44 ique &D+99&D3)$&7/39<E3(&2/*(3)/*%& %22%,)&,*%+)3(?&+(&/(3./% 19/)31(

Reception Wall

-1/*)$&#%**+,%

'()*+(,%

@*%%(&*112 Rooflights

I+*;3(?

Water element

!W

Public path

Green roof

I/793,&0+)$

North elevation 1:200 =1*)$&%9%A+)31(

!T"UU Green roof adds to bioderversity@*%%(&*112&+<<4&

center 43<%&+(<&1/)43<%&6+;3(?&)$%& &0/793,&,166/(3)B&,%()%*

Links though and over the mosque H3(;4&)$1/?$&+(<& makes it a part1A%*&)$%&614./%& of the public 6+;%4&3)&+&0+*)& green park 12&)$%&0/793,&

'()*+(,%&L+963(?&

'()*+(,%&-./+*%

Library

18

Entrance / Exit parking

J%4)37/9%

Outdoor seating

'()*+(,%&F&'G3)&0+*;3(?&

@*%%(&*112

H1/(?%

Green roof

Kitchen 17 m2 K3),$%(

19

Kitchen

South elevation -1/)$&%9%A+)31( 1:200 !T"UU

South Terrace K3),$%(

North and Sout =1*)$&+(<

Outdoor spaces are linked >/)<11*&40+,%4& Reading niches Y%+<3(? (3,$%4

Cloakroom wall 591+;*116& D+99

Entrance/exit parking'()*+(,%F%G3)& 0+*;3(?

Lounge

#$%&H1/(?%

Sliding doors

Access parking M,,%44 0+*;3(?

!Q&6"

H1/(?%

-93<3(?&<11*4

Lounge

Terrace entrance

H1/(?%

#%**+,%&%()*+(,%

16 parking spa

Site boundary

South terrace

>/)<11*&91/(?%

-1/)$&)%**+,%

'9%A Technical room #%,$(3,+9 77 m2 *116 " QQ&6

Water element

N+)%*&%9%6%()

#*+<3)31(+9&C,%9+(<3,&M*,$3)%,)/*%&

#*+<3)31(+9&9+B1/)&12&)/*2&$1/4%&D3)$&1(%&?+79% +(<&?*%%(&2+,+<%4&

N

=

!T"UU R3;9+7*/)

Authors

Stair to reception

Traditional Icelandic Architecture

Ground floor 1:200

Gross areas: Ground floor: 763 m2 @*144&+*%+4T Basement inclusive parking: 562 m2

Traditional layout of turf house with one gable and green facades

Basement 1:500L+4%6%()

"

!TVUU

" L+4%6%()&3(,9/43A%&0+*;3(?T&VP"&6

Miklabrut

#$%&8379+&5160+44& The Qibla Compass

@*%%(&7+4%

M&?*%%(&7+4%&D3)$&4/001*)&2/(,)31(4

Green base

A green base with support functions

Atelier Lorentzen Langkilde ApS,Denmark By: Kristian langkilde, Kasper Lorentzen

#$%&N1*4$30&O+99 The Worship Hall

= N

-3)%&09+( !TVUU Site plan 1:500

Project team: Kristian Langkilde, Kasper Lorentzen, Mathias Holm og Peter Stilling.

#$%&8379+&:3*%,)31( #$%&5160+44&6+;4&)$%&<3*%,)31(&12&)$%&8379+ The Qibla Direction

L%(,$

L%(,$ Bench

Bench

Artificial light 6+,$3(% machine

The Compass maks the direction of the Qibla

Y%+<3(?&(3,$%4 Reading niches

'()*+(,%&4./+*% M,,%44&0+*;3(? Access parking

!P&

Elev Outdoor lounge

20

Future public path

11212 !!"!"

-1/)$&#%**+,%

The Compass

Compass as the pivot point in the mosque

The Lounge

@*%%(&$399

@*%%(&$399

?*%%(&0+*;

Minbar R3(7+*

N1*4$30&O+99 190 m2 !XU&6"

Assembly Hall The M44%679B&O+99 96 m2 XP&6"

Green hill

Green hill

Calssroom 5+944*116 36 m2 36 m" Book L11; Wall N+99

#$%&5160+44

"U

S/)/*%&0/793,&0+)$

@*%%(&*112

Kitchen #13 staff K3),$%( 3 m2 4)+22 3 m"

!X

Outdoor -3)%& Balming 71/(<+*B Courtyard

Path to terrace entrance

@*%%(&*112

Toi

18

Green roof

Lounge

Green roof

>/)<11* L+963(? Entrance 51/*)B+*< Balming

Rooflights

Water element I+)$&)1&)%**+,%& %()*+(,% South terrace

Vestibule

H37*+*B

Outdoor seating in low sheltered area with plenty of south light>/)<11*&4%+)3(?&3(&91D& 4$%9)%*%<&+*%+&D3)$&09%()B&12& 41/)$&93?$)

)1&731<%*A%*43)B

Mosque

N+)%*&%9%6%() -1/)$&)%**+,%

'()*+(,%

@9+44&2+,+<% Entrance Square

Entrance Balming

>/)<11*&4%+)3(? 17

@*%%(&*112

Entrance

Glass facade

)+3(+79%E Entrance Square %%(&*112&D3)$& *&,199%,)31(&'()*+(,%&-./+*%

the &7+4%

Green roof @*%%(&*112

-1/)$&#%**+,%

Sto. Aud. 8 m2 -)1Z&M/<Z " Sto. Kit. W&6 5 m2 -)1Z&K3)Z V&6"

Mihrab R3$*+7 Qibla8379+

Worship Hall

Cloakroom 591+;*116 35 m2 35 m"

'()*+(,% L+963(?

Light H3?$)& element%9%6%()

#$%&5160+44&+4&)$%&03A1)&013()&3(&)$%&614./%& Worship Hall

6 femail toilets P&2%6+39&)139%)4

!W Bicycle parking

South Terrace

Elev. '9%AZ parking 0+*;3(?

L3,B,9%&0+*;3(?

R14./%

Green roof

!Q

N1*4$30 O+99

HC toi O5&)13

Bench

Rooflights

Highpoint marks direction towards the Qibla O3?$013()&6+*;4&<3*%,)31(& )1D+*<4&)$%&8379+

Y%,%0)31(&N+99

L%(,$

-/001 Support fu

53*,/64,*3 Circumscribe the

>/)<11* Outdoor L+963(? Balming 51/*)B+*< Courtyard

-93<3(?&<11*4 Sliding doors Reception Y%,%0)31( Lounge H1/(?%

6 mail toilets P&6+39&)139%)4

Entrance Square

>/)<11*&4%+)3(?

C(21

c Wall

Restroom Y%4)*116 2 3737 m"m

Bicycle parking

@*%%(&$399

@9+44&2+,+<% Outdoor seating

Mihrab

Entrance Square

Ablution female M79/)31(&2%6+9% 10 "m2 !U&6

'()*+(,%&-./+*%

Site boundary

Green hill

Glass facade

N1*4$30&O+99

@9+44&2+,+<%

Lounge

Art doors

18

Office !X&6" 19 m2

L+963(? Balming " 18 m2 !W&6 Skylight -;B93?$)

C(21 Info

M79/)31(&6+9% Ablution male !U&6 10 "m2

Entrance / Exit L3,B,9%&0+*;3(? parking L%(,$ Plint

H1/(?%&[1(% Lounge zone

N+99 courtyard as Traditional layout of a mosque with aWall central a pivor point and functions around it.

!W

I93()

H37*+*B Library " V"&6 52 m2

Y%+<3(?&7%(,$ Reading bench

Traditional Mosque BookL11;

R+3(&%()*+,% Main entrace

Y%,%0)31( Reception " PV&6 65 m2

'()*+(,%&F&'G3) Sudurlandsbraut 0+*;3(?

H37*+*B N+99

I+*;3(?

=+)/*+9&93?$) 6+,$3(%

H1/(?%

Y%,%0)31( Reception H1/(?% Lounge

59+44*116

Parking #%,$(3,+9 *116

J%4)37/9% Vestibule P&6"2 6m

-$1%&4)1*+?% Shoe storage "U&6" 2 20 m

@*%%(&$399

Classroom

N1*4$30&O+99

591+;*116 N+99

Technical room

Green hill -;B93?$)

-;B93?$)

591+;*116

#*+<3)31(+9&R14./%

#*+<3)31(+9&9+B1/)&12&+&614./%&D3)$&+&,%()*+9&,1/*)B+*<&+4& +&03A1*&013()&+(<&2/(,)31(4&+*1/(<&3)Z

-/</*9+(<47*+/)

Skylight

Skylight

Skylight

-;B93?$)

Entrance square

L3,B,9%&0+*;3(?

Natural light

=+)/*+9&93?$) 6+,$3(%

-)+3*&)1&*%,


Proposal 13 - 11212

S/(,)31(4

51/*)B+*<

#*+<3)31(+9&R14./%

#*+<3)31(+9&9+B1/)&12&+&614./%&D3)$&+&,%()*+9&,1/*)B+*<&+4& +&03A1*&013()&+(<&2/(,)31(4&+*1/(<&3)Z

-/</*9+(<47*+/)

'()*+(,%&F&'G3) 0+*;3(? !W

I93() -3)%& 71/(<+*B

L3,B,9%&0+*;3(?

N1*4$30 O+99

L%(,$ '()*+(,%&-./+*%

N+)%*&%9%6%()

#$%&5160+44

L%(,$

#$%&5160+44&+4&)$%&03A1)&013()&3(&)$%&614./%&

@*%%(&*112 L3,B,9%&0+*;3(?

R14./%

!Q !W

!W '()*+(,% L+963(?

>/)<11*&4%+)3(?

!X

N+)%*&%9%6%()

>/)<11* L+963(? 51/*)B+*<

-1/)$&)%**+,% @*%%(&*112

H1/(?% I+)$&)1&)%**+,%& %()*+(,%

-3)%& 71/(<+*B "U

S/)/*%&0/793,&0+)$

#*+<3)31(+9&C,%9+(<3,&M*,$3)%,)/*%&

#*+<3)31(+9&9+B1/)&12&)/*2&$1/4%&D3)$&1(%&?+79% +(<&?*%%(&2+,+<%4&

R3;9+7*/)

11212

The Entrance Square

#$%&8379+&5160+44&

#$%&N1*4$30&O+99

@*%%(&7+4%

M&?*%%(&7+4%&D3)$&4/001*)&2/(,)31(4

=

-3)%&09+( !TVUU

O3?$013()&6+*;4&<3*%,)31(& )1D+*<4&)$%&8379+

-;B93?$)

6+,$3(%

@*%%(&*112

@*%%(&$399

-;B93?$)

-;B93?$) M44%679B&$+99

#$%&8379+&:3*%,)31(

Y%4)*116

H1?3)/<3(+9&4%,)31( !T"UU

Y%+<3(?&(3,$%4

#%,$(3,+9 *116

-;B93?$)

@*%%(&$399

N1*4$30&O+99 59+44*116 H37*+*B N+99

591+;*116 N+99

L%(,$

L%(,$

-93<3(?&0+(%94

591+;*116

#$%&5160+44&6+;4&)$%&<3*%,)31(&12&)$%&8379+

I+*;3(?

'()*+(,%&4./+*%

=+)/*+9&93?$) 6+,$3(%

M,,%44&0+*;3(? L3,B,9%&0+*;3(?

I93() N+)%*&%9%6%() >/)<11*&4%+)3(?&3(&91D& 4$%9)%*%<&+*%+&D3)$&09%()B&12& 41/)$&93?$)

591+;*116&N+99

H1/(?%

-/001*)&2/(,)31(4

J%4)37/9% P&6"

-$1%&4)1*+?% "U&6"

Y%,%0)31( PV&6"

Y%,%0)31( H1/(?%

Y%+<3(?&7%(,$

53*,/64,*37%&)$%&)$%&5160+44

H37*+*B V"&6"

H1/(?%&[1(%

M79/)31(&6+9% !U&6"

M79/)31(&2%6+9% !U&6" Y%4)*116 37 m"

!X&6"

L11; N+99

R+3(&%()*+,%

L+963(? !W&6"

C(21

@*%%(&$399

>/)<11* L+963(? 51/*)B+*<

M*)&<11*4

L11;&N+99

'9%AZ 0+*;3(?

R3(7+*

'()*+(,%

-1/*)$&#%**+,%

I+*;3(?

C(21

#$%&8379+&5160+44

R3(7+*

591+;*116 35 m"

'()*+(,%

M,/4)3,&N+99

L11; N+99

Y%,%0)31(&N+99

C4&+&6/9)3&2/(,)31(+9&D11<%(&D+99&D3)$&7/39<E3(&2/*(3)/*%& +(<&?*%+)&+,/4)3,&+(<&93?$)&%22%,)&,*%+)3(?&+(&/(3./% +*,$3)%,)1(3,+9&419/)31(

P&6+39&)139%)4 O5&)13

>/)<11*&4%+)3(?

R3$*+7

'()*+(,%&-./+*%

5*144&4%,)31( !T"UU

5+944*116 36 m"

R3$*+7 8379+

@*%%(&$399

@9+44&2+,+<% H1/(?%

H3?$)& %9%6%() -;B93?$)

-93<3(?&<11*4 Y%,%0)31( H1/(?%

N1*4$30&O+99

@9+44&2+,+<%

N1*4$30&O+99 !XU&6"

=1*)$&+(<&-1/)$&%()*+(,%4

I/793,&0+)$

O3?$013()&6+*;4&<3*%,)31(& )1D+*<4&)$%&8379+

@*%%(&*112

@*%%(&*112


The new Mosque appears as a monolithic block with oneMikside slightly lifted towards lab rau t the entrance. A beautiful triangular garden creates a welcoming entrance area. The layout of the program is original with the main worship and

assembly halls lifted to the first floor and all other functions on the ground floor. The building appears raw and minimalistic on the outside but delicate and ornamented on the inside. Semi transparent walls and ornamented glass

gur

Skeiðar vo

A bright and open stair leads from the reception to the upper floor, where you enter a space with a ceiling height of six to seven meters, filled with indirect sunlight through a large translucent glass façade. From there you enter both the auditorium and the worship area which can be joined into one large space. The qibla wall is slightly more transparent than the other walls on the upper floor to allow indirect light into the worship area with a tree outside the window as a focus point. Ra

MATERIALS AND ORNAMENT:

The proposed building has a clear and expressive volume that calls for attention but doesn’t expose its function immediately. The building is modest in its surroundings with a subtle calmness, but yet calls for attention and arouses curiosity. Only when approached does the building expose its true nature. The entrance is through a triangular shaped garden that is enclosed by a hovering concrete wall, open towards the sky. When inside the garden the building opens up and welcomes guests with interesting views inside the building and an Islamic calligraphic pattern on the upper inner façade.

The building has several layers of material use. The outer shell is made of raw concrete, mat and rough on the outside but smooth and polished on the inside of the atrium gardens. Two large polished cubes of cut basalt support the cantilevering concrete shell. The inner shell is divided into two different layers; an upper and lower floor. The lower floor is made of generic materials with clear glazed facades facing the two triangular gardens. The upper floor is covered with decorated mat glass panels on walls and ceilings. The north facade has translucent glass while the qibla wall on the east side has semi transparent glass to emphasize the importance of the direction towards Mecca.

5

kj u vo gu r Ei

ða

panels give the interior a light and textile impression. Each space has a vaulted ceiling. Parking is unfortunately not solved according to the general plan.

rv

og

ur

Seen from Suðurlandsbraut

Su ð

ur

la

Partition walls are foldable in order to join the whole upper floor as one big space

nd

sb

ra

ut

1 4

uða

BUILDING AS IDENTITY:

4

no

ger

ði

5

Library and reception can be utilized as one big space 15 A

1

G

Sæbraut

Seen from Suðurlandsbraut

facilities and restrooms. Next to the cloakroom is the reception, which is an open and bright area that serves as the heart of the lower floor. The reception can be opened up towards the entrance garden on one side and be merged with the library on the other side. The reception is also directly linked to the classroom, office and embalming facilities.

The new mosque in Reykjavík is situated in a green field in the center ofSthe uð city, between two popular outdoor areas; Laugardalur and Elliðaárdalur. It uis rla surrounded by fields of grass and trees and can in a way be seen as a garden ndsb pavilion. The building has an outer shell that follows the street and site layout raut and inner shell that follows the direction to Mecca. The outer shell appears as a geometric rock formation in a green garden, with hints of something curious happening on the inside. The building could be seen as a geode stone - unpolished on the outside, but filled with gems on the inside. The boundaries between nature and the building are blurred by bringing nature halfway into the building, with trees and reflecting pools situated between the inner and outer shell of the building.

ho ng La

ur

GARDEN MOSQUE:

l ts ve g

ar Sú ð

og

15

Reception (Assembly optional) 70m2

Embalming 15m2

Lobby 38m2

Worship 180m2

Lager 5m2

Folding Walls

Restrooms 32m2

Classroom 30m2 Library 45m2

Staff 3m2

WC 4m2

Vestibule

Cold Space - Reserve

- 3.7m

Situation // 1:1000 Floorplans and Sections // 1:200

Mik

50m

lab

A

10m

rau

51664

Facades // 1:500 0

5

10

South 25m

ða

ði

er

ag

er

ge

ði

i

ði

er

g ða

i

u Ra

ge

ða

u Ra

ng

Authors

u Ra

ag

ur

Andri Gunnar Lyngberg Andrésson, architect ETH, FAÍ, Guðni Valberg, architect FAÍ,

eg

av

g So

Trípólí Arkitektar Iceland

ur

Tunguveg

Jón Davíð Ásgeirsson, architect FAÍ ur

Tunguveg

ge

a ng

i

La

ur

eg

uv

ng

e Bás

ndi

Vestibule 7m2

Kitchen+ storage Restrooms 23m2 32m2

Restrooms 32m2

Kitchen+ Restrooms storage 32m2 Entrance 23m2 Shoes and Overcoats 40m2

low window on floor level

on floor level low window on floor level low window

Ablution 18m2

Ablution 18m2

Shoes and Overcoats 40m2 Ablution 18m2

La

WC 4m2

Entrance Entrance (optional) (optional)

WC 4m2

Entrance (optional)

WC 4m2

Entrance (optional) Entrance Entrance

Technic and Storage in Basement 50m2

Entrance

low window on floor level

Ra

Entrance

51664 East

B

t

Entrance

lab

1

t

A A

Mik

50m

A

25

1

rau

B B

5 25

2

Entrance

010

Vestibule 7m2

Axonometrie // Brutto Sizes

A

10

Library

Cold Space - Reserve

low window on floor level

Sæbraut

0

+- 0.0m

Reception

-1.0m

Technic and Storage

770m2

Lobby

+1.9m

Reception

Ablution 18m2

0

Situation // 1:1000

Assembly

Folding Walls

Assembly 90m2

Shoes and Overcoats 40m2

rg

Total Bo brutto:

Classroom 30m2

355m2 350m2 65m2

Worship 180m2

+8.5m

Lager 5m2

Worship Office 20m2

Folding Walls

Lobby

Assembly 90m2

Upper floor: ði er Groundgfloor: Basement: ar

Lobby 38m2 +9.5m

B

Kitchen+ storage 23m2

Office 20m2

Folding Walls

To Assembly and Worship

B

and Technic Technic and Storage in in Basement Basement Storage 50m2 50m2

r

To Technic and Storage in Basement 50m2

Shoes and Overcoats 40m2

B

The glass panels cover all walls and ceilings on the upper floor. They have a mat finish, painted white on the back, with an Islamic calligraphic pattern sandblasted on top. The result is a minimalist and modern take on interior ornaments of traditional mosques. The qibla wallShas a mat, semi transparent finish with a og sandblasted pattern on top, which allows av indirect light to flow through and creates eg dynamic light patterns on the floor. u

Vestibule 7m2

B

Kitchen+ storage 23m2

The journey through the building, from arrival to the worship area, is through a series of dynamic spaces of varying sizes. The building leads the guest from one Ha space to the next and creates a certain anticipation while creating a calm and m peaceful atmosphere. After entering the building through the vestibule the nextarsg er stop is the shoe storage and cloak room which are connected to the ablution ði

Entrance (optional)

Entrance

Embalming 15m2

Vestibule 7m2

ATMOSPHERE AND SPACE:

Entrance (optional)

optional)

Technic and Storage in Basement 50m2

rv

Folding Walls

ða

Folding Walls

no

Knarrarvogur

3rd Prize G

ur

vo g

Ei

ur

Du

kju vo

ve La ng ho lts

Skeiðarvogur

Proposal 39 - 51664

Technic and Storage


Proposal 39 - 51664

MOSQUE IN REYKJAVÍK

Ei

ng La no

lab

kju

ve lts ho

Skeiðarvogur

Seen from Suðurlandsbraut

G

Mik

vo

gu

gu

r

r

THE MUSLIM ASSOCIATION OF ICELAND // ARCHITECTURAL COMPETITION MARCH - JUNE 2015

ða

rv

og

ur

rau

t

Worship Hall, pointing to Mecca

Seen from Suðurlandsbraut

A

Entrance Courtyard

Cold Space - Reserve

Cold Space - Reserve

Technic and Storage

Vestibule 7m2 and Technic Technic and Storage in in Basement Basement Storage 50m2 50m2

Entrance

Kitchen+ storage 23m2 Vestibule 7m2

Entrance

Vestibule 7m2

Kitchen+ storage Restrooms 23m2 32m2

Kitchen+ Restrooms storage 32m2 Entrance 23m2 Shoes and Overcoats 40m2

Shoes and Overcoats 40m2

Technic and Storage in Basement 50m2

Restrooms 32m2

low window on floor level

on floor level low window on floor level low window

Ablution 18m2

Shoes and Overcoats 40m2 Ablution 18m2

WC 4m2

WC 4m2

Entrance Entrance (optional) (optional)

WC 4m2

Entrance (optional)

Technic and Storage in Basement 50m2

Entrance (optional) Entrance Entrance

low window on floor level

Entrance

Ablution 18m2

Entrance

low window on floor level

Ablution 18m2

A A

A

The journey through the building, from arrival to the worship area, is through a East series of dynamic spaces of varying sizes. The building leads the guest from one Ha space to the next and creates a certain anticipation while creating a calm and m peaceful atmosphere. After entering the building through the vestibule the nextarsg er stop is the shoe storage and cloak room which are connected to the ablution ði A

B B

B

B

25m

A A

10

A

5

A

0

low window on floor level

Ablution 18m2

floorlevel low lowwindow window on level onfloor

Ablution Ablution 18m2 18m2

gerð

1

5 +- 0.0m

Cold Space - Reserve

-1.0m

15 Entrance (optional)

Entrance

The glass panels cover all walls and ceilings on the upper floor. They have a mat finish, paintedNorth white West on the back, with an Islamic calligraphic pattern sandblasted on top. The result is a minimalist and modern take on interior ornaments of traditional mosques. The qibla wallShas a mat, semi transparent finish with a og sandblasted pattern on top, which allows av indirect light to flow through and creates eg dynamic light patterns on the floor. u r

- 3.7m Vestibule 7m2

To Technic and Storage in Basement 50m2

To Assembly and Worship

Reception (Assembly optional) 70m2

Embalming 15m2

Shoes and Overcoats

B

40m2

Kitchen+ storage 23m2

Section B-B // 1:200

Restrooms 32m2

Office 20m2

Classroom 30m2 WC 4m2

Staff 3m2

Library 45m2

Ablution 18m2

A

low window on floor level

355m2 51664

Upper floor: ði 2 er Groundgfloor: Basement: ar

rg

Total Bo brutto:

350m2 65m2 770m2

Axonometrie // Brutto Sizes

Situation // 1:1000 10

25

Mik

50m

lab

ag

i

Ra

ge

a uð

ag

ut

Library and reception can be utilized as one big space

Ra

ng

ra

+1.9m

i

0

La

sb

4

uða

B

ATMOSPHERE AND SPACE: South

nd

+8.5m

B B

A

10m

Facades // 1:500

Ra

Reception

Classroom 30m2 Office 20m2

Floorplans and Sections // 1:200 5

Technic and Storage

la

+9.5m

- 3.7m

low window on floor level

2

MATERIALS AND ORNAMENT: Vestibule

+- 0.0m

-1.0m

- 3.7m

0

+1.9m

Reception

ur

Worship

The proposed building has a clear and expressive volume that calls for attention The building has several layers of material use. The outer shell is made of raw but doesn’t expose its function immediately. The building is modest in its concrete, mat and rough on the outside but smooth and polished on the inside surroundings with a subtle calmness, but yet calls for attention and arouses of the atrium gardens. Two large polished cubes of cut basalt support the curiosity. Only when approached does the building expose its true nature. The cantilevering concrete shell. The inner shell is divided into two different layers; Section A-A // 1:200 entrance is through a triangular shaped garden that is enclosed by a hovering an upper and lower floor. The lower floor is made of generic materials with clear concrete wall, open towards the sky. When inside the garden the building opens glazed facades facing the two triangular gardens. The upper floor is covered with up and welcomes guests with interesting views inside the building and an Islamic decorated mat glass panels on walls and ceilings. The north facade has translucent calligraphic pattern on the upper inner façade. glass while the qibla wall on the east side has semi transparent glass to emphasize the importance of the direction towards Mecca.

-1.0m

Technic and Storage

Library

Lobby

Classroom 30m2

Ablution 18m2

+- 0.0m

Su ð

Partition walls are foldable in order to join the whole upper floor as one big space

A

BUILDING AS IDENTITY:

+1.9m

Reception

Lobby

B

Vestibule

Assembly

Folding Walls

Assembly 90m2

Classroom 30m2 Library 45m2

+8.5m

Lager 5m2

Folding Walls

Folding Walls

Restrooms 32m2

+9.5m

Lager 5m2

Worship Office 20m2

Staff 3m2

Worship 180m2

+8.5m

B

Lobby

WC 4m2

Lobby 38m2 +9.5m

Assembly 90m2 Classroom 30m2

Worship 180m2

Embalming 15m2

Lobby 38m2

B

Kitchen+ storage 23m2

Office 20m2

Embalming 15m2

Classroom 30m2 Office 20m2

B

Reception (Assembly optional) 70m2

Embalming 15m2

Shoes and Overcoats 40m2

To Assembly and Worship

Office 20m2

To Technic and Storage in Basement 50m2

A bright and open stair leads from the reception to the upper floor, where you enter a space with a ceiling height of six to seven meters, filled with indirect sunlight through a large translucent glass façade. From there you enter both the auditorium and the worship area which can be joined into one large space. The qibla wall is slightly more transparent than the other walls on the upper floor to allow indirect light into the worship area with a tree outside the window as a focus point.

Embalming 15m2

Vestibule 7m2

Folding Walls

Embalming 15m2

optional)

Folding Walls

Entrance

The new mosque in Reykjavík is situated in a green field in the center of the city, between two popular outdoor areas; Laugardalur and Elliðaárdalur. It is surrounded by fields of grass and trees and can in a way be seen as a garden pavilion. The building has an outer shell that follows the street and site layout and inner shell that follows the direction to Mecca. The outer shell appears as a geometric rock formation in a green garden, with hints of something curious happening on the inside. The building could be seen as a geode stone - unpolished on the outside, but filled with gems on the inside. The boundaries between nature and the building are blurred by bringing nature halfway into the building, with trees and reflecting pools situated between the inner and outer shell of the building.

ogur

Entrance (optional)

Folding Walls

Entrance (optional)

facilities and restrooms. Next to the cloakroom is the reception, which is an open and bright area that serves as the heart of the lower floor. The reception can be opened up towards the entrance garden on one side and be merged with the library on the other side. The reception is also directly linked to the classroom, office and embalming facilities. Skeiðarv

GARDEN MOSQUE:

1

rau

t

51664


Proposal 10 - 10840

Proposal for a Mosque in Reykjavík

June 2015

Honorable Mention The proposal consists of two building parts. One forming a sort of a base with the requested functions aligned to the plot (“The Reykjavík Rectangle), and the other, a rectangle containing the worship hall and assembly room, turned to Mecca (“The Mecca Rectangle”). The concrete

cladding on the exterior is treated in a poetic manner. The organisation of the rooms is overall well solved, but due to division on separate floors the assembly room and worship hall are not well connected and therefore not acceptable. Ideas for the interior and exterior

spaces of the building are original and convincing and the roof garden is very interesting. The proposal presents a very poetic approach to a modern mosque.

Authors INTERPRETING SPACES, France and T.Ark – Teiknistofa Arkitektar ehf, Reykjavík. Design team: Ivon Stefán Cilia, architect, Karl Kvaran,architect, Kristjana Margret Sigurðardóttir, architect, Sahar Ghaderi, architect, Sverrir Ágústsson architect. Assistance: Hjörtur Pálsson, byggingafræðingur, Michael Blikdal Erichsen, architect.


Proposal 37 - 43710

Honorable Mention The proposal of the new Mosque is composed of two rectangular building elements, one white, the other black. The black part is calm and regular, the white is tilted and twisted towards Mecca and

decorated with patterns both inside and out. The auditorium is lifted to the first floor and can serve as a balcony in the prayer hall. The division of these spaces on different levels is not acceptable.

Authors RoA RONGEN ARCHITECTEN Gmbh, Prof.Dipl.-Ing. Ludwig Rongen architect and urban planner BDA in collaboration with: Gunnar S. Ă&#x201C;skarsson architect FAĂ? and Dipl.-Ing. Stefan Winter architect and urban planer BDA.

Reflecting pools give interesting light into the prayer hall. The layout of spaces create rather long corridors. Overall the proposal is strong and convincing.


PROPERTY LINE

GROUND FLOOR

Proposal 51 - 75315 MANDATORY BUILDING LINE ATRIUM

Honorable Mention A very interesting proposal composed of four cubes, a tower and an irregular flat roofed shape connecting the cubes together. From the outside the mosque looks F O U R S A rather C R E D P L closed A C E S / M Obut S Q Uwhen E I N R E entering Y K J A V I K the building it appears friendly and bright with interesting skylights and openings

6 7

FIRST FLOOR

1 2

to small gardens. The distribution of the program is similar to several other proposals but each function is solved with character and empathy. The entrance is not obvious, the visitor needs to walk around the building to the south side to find it. The building

4

reveals interesting views as the visitor approaches. The assembly and worship room are not connected, but moving walls can be opened to make a big continuous space of the two rooms and 1 the entrance area. The proposal is rich in many levels, for example is soil from 3

important religious locations around the world mixed in the concrete in layers, to connect the building to the holy places. Parking is not solved according to the local plan. 5

PROGRAM SCHEMES worship

s

ablution

a

embalming

e

BASEMENT - 2.50 m 1_200 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

OUTERMOST LIMITS OF BUILDING

Cloackroom Restorooms Storage for kit Circulation Shoe storage Storage for assembly Technical room

35.0 16.0 7.0 3.0 12.0 6.0 39.0

m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2

PROPERTY LINE

WATER

VOID

14

13

BAJRAM

2

8 4 11

7

10

SERVICE

NAMAZ

3

6

GARDEN 9

12

ENTRANCE

SITE PLAN 1_500 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

1

5

GARDEN

16 PARKING SPACES ACCES WATER MAIN ENTRANCE GARDEN SERVICE ENTRANCE FRUIT GARDEN

ENTRANCE PLAZZA

ENTRANCE

GROUND FLOOR + 0.80 m 1_200 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14

Vestibule Restorooms 1 Reception Cloackroom Restorooms 2 Assembly room Worship place Kitchen Shoe storage Circulation Ablution 1 Ablution 2 Embalming Atrium

6.0 9.0 72.0 4.0 4.0 95.0 192.0 20.0 6.0 14.0 11.0 10.0 15.0

m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2

FUNERAL

VIEWS OF SEQUENCES

EVERYDAY USE

Authors water

NBUL

DOBA

ASCUS

HAN

O

USALEM

INA

KA

DEZ

NNE

L

SUPERPOSITION

FOUR SACRED PLACES

Multiplan arhitekti d.o.o., Slovenska cesta 55a, Ljubljana Slovenia

Approach. “an expression of special yet at the same time everyday athmosfere”

VOID

1

FOUR SACRED PLACES

VOID

MOSQUE AT NIGHT

Author: Ales Znidarsic, architect, Katja Zlajpah, architect

Anywhere outside its cultural space, the image of an Islamic holy space - the mosque is associated with a positive attitude and openness to a system of integration/a co-existence of diverse cultures that encourages mutual respect through bilateral cognition. The project thus aims to plan utilising architecture that involves the traditions of Islam yet at the same time enters into a dialogue with European cultural milieu of the 21st Century. It is above all an elementary challenge as how to create an ambient whole, whilst dealing with the sacral that simultaneously connects everyday activities.

3

Project team: Ales Znidarsic, architect, Katja Zlajpah, architect, Katja Martinicic, architect – collaborator, Anze Podgornik, visualization, Sanel Muranovic, visualization. VOID

Context. “the path as architecture” In a spatial context the location has no special restrictions within a space that would dictate specific boundary conditions with the exception of the natural features of the landscape, which become the holder in the sense of connecting the overall image of the complex with the park character of the green system. Through the aim of defining clear spatial parameters we recommend the placement of a base - pedestal that rises about 80 cm depending on the level of the road. In the sense of »a small urban cluster« the complex thus acquires the status of raised and special, self oriented character, yet at the same time is suitably integrated into the surroundings, as it is linked with the city parterre on it's periphery. The latter link becomes the main binding element of the complex, as a programme path that leads you through all the characteristic ambiences of the complex: minaret - oratory -water- garden- main entrance- fruit

4

2

ATRIUM

HISTORICAL URBAN SCHEME/JUXTAPOSING ELEMENTS


Proposal 63 - 200567

Honorable Mention An interesting and original approach for the new Mosque of Reykjavik. The author creates an irregular box shape following the building envelope of the city plan, and cuts the box with different sized dome fragments. The curved shapes define the worship area, assembly hall

and entrance. The formal language is modern and expressive but rooted in history of the mosques. Exterior walls are ornamented with islamic infinite puzzle and there are small circular openings and larger crescent shaped slots in the roof +8,50 and walls to give interesting illuminated

interiors. The plan is split on three levels with the lobby, worship and assembly halls on the first floor, the entrance and shoe storage on the ground floor and rest of program in the basement. Office, classroom and library get daylight from a sunkenSuðurlandsbraut garden to the southwest. The

proposal offers unusual spaces with lots of character but avoids to solve the connection of the worship and assembly hall and accessibility for the disabled is deficient. The parking is not according to Mosque inplan. Reykjavik - " 200567 " the local 2

Mosque in Reykjavik - " 200567 P11

5 Step to

±0,00

11

Southeast Elevation 7

10

1

Southeast Sec ±0,00

+8,50 2

4 +1,25

3

6

Worship

8

±0,00

5

9

26

012,05 m2

1

Vestibule

2

Shoe storage

046,41 m2

3

Lobby

159,81 m2

4

Worship

225,00 m2

5

Assembly hall

100,00 m2

6

Storage

007,79 m2

7

Entrance

8

Reception

9

Buffet

10

Qibla wall

11

Elevator

The site is approximat rela pl

Floor plan 1/200 / Niveau +1,25m gross floor area 700m2

Authors 11

sacher.locicero.architectes

14

Architect Gerhard Sacher, Architect Eric Locicero. Rue de Meaux 60, FR- 75019 Paris.

-3,00

16 14

Rechbauerstrasse 46, AT-8010 Graz. 17

-1,75

23

25 24 18

22 21

20

19

14

Storage

010,49 m2

15

Kitchen

023,57 m2

16

Cloakroom

037,19 m2

17

Embalming

014,65 m2

18

Ablution / Restr.

019,00 m2

19

Technical

038,09 m2

20

Ablution / Restr.

015,54 m2

21

Office

018,73 m2

22

Library

038,89 m2

23

Classroom

030,12 m2

24

Vestibule

025,90 m2


neighborhood. The sculptural building form derives from the main orientation towards the holy city of Mecca, as a series of parallel vaults rise to varying heights. These arched roofs and warped walls create a vibrant silhouette from the exterior to the interior. Together they generate a dynamic ceiling-scape. The building form is a Nordic interpretation of Islamic architecture using contemporary forms and modern materials.

THE ROOFSCAPE IS AN ABSTRACTION OF THE PILGRIMAGE TENTS OF MINA AND THE SNOWY MOUNTAINS OF ICELAND

The first mosque in Reykjavík will not only serve the Muslim community, but will educate the public about Islamic values and serve as a beacon for religious tolerance, fostering peaceful coexistence. The openness of the facade at street level is a welcoming gesture to this community, spawning a dialogue between individuals inside the mosque and the city outside.

Proposal 1 - 00610

Proposal 2 - 01023

All functions are resolved on one level, avoiding the use of stairs and lifts. The entrance is located in the north west corner of the building. From there you enter an open space which consists of a cloakroom, shoe storage and reception. A circular core containing toilets and ablution area divides the reception from other functions and creates a flow between the different functions, all with direct access to the reception. The worship area is separated from reception and assembly hall by sliding walls which can be fully open into the reception. By opening up the worship area to the reception the spaces flow easily into each other. The minaret is located adjacent to the entrance and is thought of as a sculptural element reinforcing the mosque as a symbol of an ascending spirit from the ground to the sky. The plot is a continuation of the public area and so the surrounding landscape flows into it. All parking is solved inside the plot on the ground level. The technical room is located in the basement and accessed by an exterior stair

The proposal’s main form is sculptural, with a vaulted structure and a tower. The building is clad in perforated metal sheets both inside and outside, giving a tent-like appearance. There is soft daylight in most spaces. The project is a one-floor solution and the building

SU

ÐU

RLA

ND

SB

RA

UT

follows the shape of the lot boundaries. Parking is not solved according to the program. The proposal offers an interesting introvert solution, but the appearance of the building did not convince the jury.

The building is two storeys, with a brick cladding. It is too large (total gross area 895). The worship space and assembly room can be combined, but the form is unusual and not very practical. The inner

The interior is filled with a homogenous light, penetrating into the space through the facade, a metal grill/screen element, which is a representation of an archetypal element of Arabic architecture – the Mashrabiya. This traditional lattice work has been used for centuries in the Middle East to protect the occupants from the sun and provide privacy.The windows are positioned between these screens. The external walls and roof are of a wood construction, insulated and clad in aluminium flat sheets wrapped by metal grill elements. The curves in the walls and roof are achieved by warping the elements, creating movement on the exterior and interior of the building. The material palette is strict and it features only the metal grill on the outside. Inside the same grills are in all ceilings and are accompanied by wood on some walls and all doors. Flooring is parquet in all areas, except in the prayer hall where there is carpet. The interior was stripped from any superficial decoration focusing solely on the essence of religious spaces, a dramatic and awe-inspiring place to pray and be alone with God.

N

AB

RA

UT

Q

MIKL

The total size of the building is 795m2

F MINA AND THE SNOWY MOUNTAINS OF ICELAND

organisation is otherwise well arranged. The appearance of the building is rather massive and has little connection with the surroundings.

SITE PLAN 1:500

VIEW FROM SUÐURLANDSBRAUT

A Mosque for Reykjavík

OF THE PILGRIMAGE TENTS OF MINA AND THE SNOWY MOUNTAINS OF ICELAND

B

Shoe storage 18,5m2

Reception 73m2

Cloakroom 37m2

S

U

Ð

U

R

L

A

N

D

B

R

A

U

Mimbar

Worship space 207,5m2

Ablution 17m2

Restrooms 31m2

A Mosque for Reykjavík Office 18,5m2

S

A

Mihrab

Vestibule 8m2

Assembly Room 100m2

Library 45m2

A

T

Classroom 31,5m2

Kitchen 20m2

Balming 20m2

Assembly Storage 6,5m2

Kitchen storage 5m2

B

GROUNDFLOOR 1:200

N

00610

Q

WORSHIP AREA

SITE PLAN 1:500

VIEW FROM SUÐURLANDSBRAUT

Q

N

SITE PLAN 1:500

VIEW FROM SUÐURLANDSBRAUT

S

MI

B A

B

Shoe storage 18,5m2 Shoe storage 18,5m2

Mihrab

Vestibule 8m2

Reception 73m2

Cloakroom 37m2

Ablution 17m2

Worship space 207,5m2

Reception 73m2

Worship space 207,5m2

Mimbar

RA

Ð

U

R

L

A

UT

N

D

S

B

R

A

U

T

View from Suðurlandsbraut

DESIGN INTENT

Mimbar

Ablution 17m2

Restrooms Cloakroom 2 31m 2 37m Restrooms 31m2

AB

Site Plan 1:500

A

Mihrab

Vestibule 8m2

KL

U

What does a mosque on a small island in the North-Atlantic ocean in the 21st century constitute? The proposal aims to create a Mosque for the city of Reykjavik, a civic building that is comfortably bedded in the urban fabric. Its presence is one of an accessible, convivial and robust social space, and a comfortable backdrop for study,

Office 18,5m2

Office 18,5m2

A

A Classroom 31,5m2

contemplation and discussion. It is conceived as a building for Icelandic Muslims and non-Muslims alike - a dignified backdrop to a meaningful Islamic-Icelandic lifestyle, and a completely new typology for a city that is still in the making.

Assembly Room

Assembly 100m2 Room 100m2 Library 45m2

Classroom 31,5m2

Kitchen 20m2

Balming 20m2

Balming 20m2

Given the multi-faceted constituency of the Icelandic Muslim population, and the newness of Islamic culture in the country, the project seeks to look at the core ideas of a mosque with fresh eyes and an open mind, instead of importing received vernacular notions of what such a building should be. Aesthetically, it avoids any overt symbolism one way or the other. Because of its robustness, the building will allow its users to invest it with their own meaning and preference.

Library 45m2

Assembly Storage 6,5m2

Kitchen 20m2

Kitchen storage 5m2

Kitchen storage 5m2

THE CITY As a point of departure, the exterior takes into account the planned conversion of Suðurlandsbraut into a “City Street” that is served by multiple modes of transportation, and its future extension to the south east, as outlined in the Reykjavík Masterplan 2010-2030. It does this by providing a clear, accessible and tree-lined public realm facing the street, which is equally accessible to guests arriving by foot, bike or public transport. Car parking and service access is handed to the north-west of the building, in order to keep visual clutter to a minimum from the long sides of the building.

B

Assembly Storage 6,5m2

B GROUNDFLOOR 1:200 WORSHIP AREA

WORSHIP AREA

Authors

00610 GROUNDFLOOR 1:200

00610

Authors

View of Prayer Space

MI

PK Arkitektar Iceland Fernando De Mendonca, Pálmar Kristmundsson, Walter Hjaltested

KL

AB

RA

Atrium

Prayer Space Entrance

UT

Team name; IJK Thomas Impiglia, Birgir Örn Jónsson, Madhav Kidao With / credit to: Signy Þórhallsdóttir, textile desginer

Site Plan 1:500

DESIGN INTENT What does a mosque on a small island in the North-Atlantic ocean in the 21st century constitute? The proposal aims to create a Mosque for the city of Reykjavik, a civic building that is comfortably bedded in the urban fabric. Its presence is one of an accessible, convivial and robust social space, and a comfortable backdrop for study, contemplation and discussion. It is conceived as a building for Icelandic Muslims and non-Muslims alike - a dignified backdrop to a meaningful Islamic-Icelandic lifestyle, and a completely new typology for a city that is still in the making. Given the multi-faceted constituency of the Icelandic Muslim population, and the newness of Islamic culture in the country, the project seeks to look at the core ideas of a mosque with fresh eyes and an open mind, instead of importing received vernacular notions of what such a building should be. Aesthetically, it avoids any overt symbolism one way or the other. Because of its robustness, the building will allow its users to invest it with their own meaning and preference.

View from Suðurlandsbraut

01023


3

5,73 m2

8/ 15,16 m2

ROOM ORGANIZATION

8

+ 18,00

9

9/ 22,09 m2 6

Sahan

Proposal 3 - 02110

Proposal 4 - 02167

A

Sahan Riwaq Sahan Riwaq Related Riwaq Sahan Rooms Related Rooms Related Riwaq Rooms

15/ 3,97 + 22,00

15/ 3,88

4

4/ 109,60 m2

A

+ 21,00

B

+ 20,00

+ 21,00

Related Rooms 14/ 16,36 m2 13/ 27,60 m2

16/ 7,93 17/ 37,02 m2

The reminding are to the atmospheres of the shiny golden pick of the Landmannalauga region, to the golden land of

C

The stone volume is related to the earth in the ground floor while the golden metal transforms the worship in a suspended volume that recalls to a mystic dimension. In addition to that a tiny tower 18,1 m tall with a focus on the “Qibla” becomes a landmark for the sorrounding and a place of meditation for the visitors since its own inner vertical space enlighted by the perforated side.

C

On the other side the volume itself is conceived to recall the Icelandic landscape and it consists of two main parts:

A lution arriving from the next streets and also to create a buffer from the sound and the view of the road with traffic. The parking is located around the Mosque: this is a good Permanent water ponds, grassed swales and vegetation are investment instead of dig a parking in the basement. In able to increase the biodiversity being also a guarantee for N addition to that, using a grey stormwater management systhe sustainable cleaning of air pollution, waterQibla pollution and tem, the runoff is collected and carried away, while being human use. contaminated with pollutants from the road and the parking drop-off surface. Green parking lots have permeable pavers, B B N allowing water to infiltrate, and layers of gravel and sand that filter the runoff. The path to access to the building and 19 19 Quibla to the park allow an universal design approach guaranteed. In the park green surface, with grass hills are designed to / 5,00 m / 5,00 m B face the problems of the treating of the rainwater and polSITUATION PLAN

the Mýrdalsjökull Glacier, the Katla Volcan as well as the Kirkjufell, Lómagnúpur and to the black of the Vík í Mýrdal. On top of this the use of material with a short distance origin is also an eco-friendly strategy in order to reduce the impact of the building. C

On one side the promotion both in terms of collective prayers and cultural activities, but even to consider the building itself a medium of learning about the historical process of the Mosque’s typologies considering the Islamic Architecture an important part of the deep culture of Islam.

A a flat simple and solide volume that hosts all the common and research areas and works as a solid mass where the local black basalt is employed as cladding; on top of this the worship is a volume where the geometry of the façades is shaped by several slender sails that remind to the picks of the vulcanuos landscape. The façades of the upper volume is cladded by copper-aluminium’s alloy that gradually forms with the natural weathering a striking warm golden surface with outstanding characteristics able to reflect the sorrounding to relate with it.

Create a place where the Islamic culture could be interwined with the site-specificity of Reykjavik and of Icelandic architecture as the bigger frame.

9

The proposal consists of three main elements: The Research AreaThe first floor forming a sort of a base for the house, a tent-shaped THE PLOT second floor and a minaret. A very interesting and artistic approach, it refers to a traditional design of mosques and Icelandic landscape. The outcome is 1:200 2

unorthodox, both in shape and material. The organisation of rooms on the ground floor evolve around the assembly hall. The worship area is on the first floor with no connection to the assembly hall, as requested in the brief. 11/ 10/ 13,50 15,74

4

12/ 31,35 m2

5

+ 21,00

C

entrance and the process of entering the worship from the west different fromThe Ritual Area 40% Possible is Extension The Loop Circulation most of the other proposals. The formal language and material used is simple and minimalistic, but the expression could be more open and welcoming.

C

The building consists of a tower and three simple volumes parallelThetoCentral theAssembly plotRoom boundary, only the Qibla wall and the VISION are ceiling structure of the prayerTHE room rotated towards Mecca. The functions are distributed on two floors plus a basement for parking and storage. The

+ 20,00

+ 20,00

Mik labra

ut

4

+ 19,00

9

B

19 / 5,00 m2

2

19 / 5,00 m2

A B

18/ 200,00 m2

B

A

A B

18/ 200,00 m2

18/ 200,00 m2

A

Building area

BASEMENT

Worship Area

Reference area (m2)

BASEMENT

Storage for assembly room

8,00 m2

Actual area (m2)

Prayer hall

200

Technical Room

Worship total

200

FIRST FLOOR 200

7,93 37,02

8,00 m2

7,93

Technical Room

38,00 m2

37,02

8,00 m2

200,00 m2

Worship

7,93 37,02

Area

38,00 m2

687,55 m2

TOTAL NET

200,00 m2

Vestibule issues and helps focusing on the ceremonies performed in

210.5

radical nature of monotheism is evident in the rejection of

the mosque.

where the smaller usually functions as the auditorium.

relics, saints and shrines. The qibla wall is showing the

This creates a high level of flexibility and so can large

direction of Mecca. This wall is marked by a small golden

number of visitors be accommodated, without losing an

niche - the mihrab. To the right is the minbar pulpit,

The building has the chance to define a new space in the richness and diversity of Islamic architecture. The project is not to be seen as a reconstruction of old ideologies;

Reykjavik.

261

258.5

Total net area

670

669

Reference area (m2)

130

134.5

130

134.5

A

2

d e

Terrazzo-flooring

Ashwood interior

f

7

7

30

20.5

20

20

9

Storage

14

14

a

Minbar Sahn Midaa

15/ 3,88

13/ 27,60 m2

B

0

a

bl

qi

2

4

11/ 10/ 13,50 15,74

10 m

A

A

A

+18.2 = ± 0.00

A

15/ 3,88

B

- 2.80

A

4/ 109,60 m2

A

A B

3

B

18/ 200,00 m2

A

18/ 200,00 m2

GROUND FLOOR 14/ Vestibule 16,36 m2 11/ 10/ Reception 13,50 15,74 Shoe Storage 13/ Assembly 27,60 m2 Room

2

Qibla

11/ 10/ 13,50 15,74

1:50

0

0.50

1

2.5 m

A

A C

N

8,50 m2 8,65 41,00 m2 42,17 6,00 m2 5,73 100,00 m2 109,60 15,00 m2 15,57 14,00 m2 13,87 18,00 m2 18,02 15,00 m2 12/ 15,16 31,35 m2 22,00 m2 22,09 section 16,00Detail m2 15,74 13,50 m2 31,50 m2 31,35 28,00 m2 27,60 16,50 m2 16,36 7,00 m2 7,19 4,00 m2 3,88 4,00 m2 3,97 5,00 m2

C

GROUND FLOOR 14/ 16,36 m2 8,50 m2 8,65 Vestibule 10/ 41,00 m2 42,17 11/ Reception 6,00 m2 5,73 13,50 15,74 Shoe Storage 2 13/ 27,60 m 100,00 m2 109,60 Assembly Room Embalming 15,00 m2 15,57 Embalming Office 14,00 m2 13,87B Office 2 Restroom Men 18,00 m2 18,02 Restroom Men Restroom Women 15,00 m2 m15,16 Restroom Women 2 12/ 31,35 m2 12/ 31,35 Cloakroom 22,00 m2 22,09 Cloakroom Ablution Men 16,00 m2 15,74 Ablution Men AblutionAWomen 13,50 m2 Ablution Women A Classroom 31,50 m2 31,35 Classroom Basement 1:200 Library 28,00 m2 27,60 Library Kitchen 16,50 m2 16,36 Kitchen The basement of the mosque is used for the requisite parking, as well as the Storage for kitchen 7,00 m2 7,19 Storage for kitchen GROUND FLOOR Plan / PAVING Arrangement [+18,00 m] technicalNamenities. It is accessed from the easternmost part of the building N Restroom for Disabled 4,00 m2 3,88 Qibla Qibla Restroom for Disabled site over a ramp. In this lowest point an efficient entry is guaranteed. Restroom for Staff From 4,00 m2 3,97 Restroom for Staff Tower the upper stories. 5,00 m2 Tower the interior, a staircase as well as an elevator connects 2

FIRST FLOOR Plan / PAVING Arrangement [+21,60 m]

Library

4

Ablution

5

Cloakroom

6

Car parking

a

Qibla wall

b

Mihrab

c

Minbar

N N

Qibla

1:200

+18.2 = ± 0.00 6

N

-2.80

Quibla

Section CC 1:200

02110

competition for designing a mosque in Reykjavik

1/ Vestibule 2/ Reception 3/ Shoe Storage 4/ Assembly Room 5/ Embalming 6/ Office 7/ Restroom Men 8/ Restroom Women 9/ Cloakroom

N Quibla

10/ Ablution Men 11/ Ablution Women 12/ Classroom 13/ Library 14/ Kitchen 15/ Storage for kitchen 16/ Restroom for Disabled 17/ Restroom for Staff 18/ Tower

19/ Storage for 4 20/ Technical Room FIRST FLOOR 21/ Worship TOTAL NET

THE ASSEMBLY ROOM BASEMENT

Storage for assembly room

BASEMENT

687,55 m

2 Suðurlandsbraut

TOTAL GROSS 800,00 m2

8,00 m2

N

BASEMENT

7,93

With its 100 m2 surface and its shape, it’s able to be totally flexible 8,00 m2 7,93 and host several38,00 functions like a conference hall with the stage m2 37,02 and the seating, a dining hall with tables, a place where gathering togheter and other temporary unexpected functions. In addition to m2 the normal flexibility of a200,00 multi-purpose hall, what is relevant is that this space could678,15 bem2extent of the 40% just opening all the door and 687,55 m2 using also the corridor, our Riwaq. Being oriented focus on the “Qibla” and being connected to the worship through a private stair could be considered as an extension of the worship itself. It’s a space of relation where the ritual, the education, the culture and the meditation could found a place, thanks to its shape and its position.

Storage for assembly room

The Quibla

Technical Room 38,00 m2 37,02 Technical Room ground floor is conceived starting from the typology of Quibla the mosque within the islamic architectural tradition. Two main spaces FIRST FLOOR FIRST FLOOR wereWorship relevant for our proposal: the Sahn200,00 andm2 the Riwaq. Worship

The TOTAL Sahn, is the large central courtyard usually able to provide for NET 678,15 m2 687,55 m2 TOTAL NET various civic uses. While the Riwaq is usually the arcade or portico open on one side that sorrounds the Sahn. Our Sahn is the Assembly Room: located as a room in the centre of the ground floor is an indoor courtyard sorrounded by the only corridor that permits the access to all the other functions around and to the worship on the second floor, in a ritual circular way.

Authors

THE CIRCULATION

THE COMMON AREAS AND SERVICES

The Riwaq could be referred to the only corridor of the building. It’s a loop around the central Sahn that allow the entrance to every room in the Mosque. The lobby, located in one of the corners of the simple flat volume, is the connection between the outside and the internal circulation. In the entrance, a circular rotating device hostes the shoe storage and introduces the people to the space.

All the functions are located along the perimeter of the central Assembly Hall. Every room is a storytelling of the rituality of the tradition and so, of the Islamic culture. The common ground of the space, is a ceramic paving that uses several textures in order to help the definition of the singular rooms and to enrich the high quality of the architectural detail. The office and the embalming room are located next to the entrance where the clockwise direction introduces to a ritual sequence of restrooms, cloackroom, ablution rooms and leads the people to the

stairs through which the worship could be reached. On the other direction the kitchen is located in order to be easily connected with the exterior, while the functions related to the research -the library and the classroom- are easily darkened offering anyway a meditative view towards the park. Under the main stairs a service stair is located to allow the connection with the storage for the assembly room and the technical room. Both are reachable also with the lift, in order to have a building designed completely by universal design.

C

South elevation 1:200

GROUND FLOOR

C

Authors

4/ 109,60 m2

15/ 3,88

9/ 22,09 m2

47.5

C

5

12/ 31,35 m2

A

Upper lobby

(16 lots) 383 (14 lots) 40

Access ramp

C

BASEMENT Plan [+15,50 m]

Goal area (m2) Actual area (m2)

Car parking

Technical room

A

16/ 7,93 17/ 37,02 m2

N

Area

9/ 22,09 m2

C

A

/ 5,00 m2

8/ 15,16 m2

15/ 3,97

C

4 c

4/ 109,60 m2

A

B

C

2

3

15/ 3,97

13/ 27,60 m2

In-situ concrete roof

N:o

1 2 3

4/ 109,60 m2

14/ 16,36 m2

19

Glazed acoustic bricks

3

5,73 m2 8/ 15,16 m2

9/ 22,09 m2

1

15/ 3,97

14/ 16,36 m2

16/ 7,93 17/ 37,02 m2

B

19

2 White-washed 7/ 18,02 mbricks

/ 5,00 m2

3

5,73 m2

8/ 15,16 m2

B

15/ 3,88

Prayer hall Over1 a generous cloakroom, the ablution rooms for ritual washing are 3 accessed . 2

b

6/ 14,00 m2

7/ 18,02 m2

A m2 9/ 22,09

Adjoining the auditorium is the kitchen, enabling to cater for the guests. 1

7/ 18,02 m2 2/ 42,17 m2

used separately but, given their internal access, also work as one unit. The

3 worshipping space.

5,73 m2 6/ 14,00 m2

B

5/ 15,57 m2

1/ 8,65 m2 6/ 14,00 m2

B

B

B 5/ 15,57 m2

1/ 8,65 m2

studying are to be found. the 42,17 librarym classroom, and the office 2 18,02 6/The 14,00 m2 2/ 7/ m2 can all be

3

accessed where the double-height space acts as a generous hall serving the

A

5/ 15,57 m

A stairway and an elevator lead up to the first floor where the facilities for

2/ 42,17 m2

winds on the west side of the building. From here, the main lobby is

+3.40

First floor 1:200 2

1/ 8,65 m2

B

op st

Ground floor 1:200

+6.90

B

Mihrab

Minaret

Mashrabiya brick-work

3

Qibla wall

e f

A

19 lots

worshipping space thus creating an assembly space for very large occasions.

Suðurlandsbraut

Restrooms Kitchen

15/ 3,97

Actual area (m2 )

(16 lots) 382 (5+14)

auditorium. A foldable wall enables the joining of the auditorium with the

a

7 8

B

5,73 m2

A

The main entrance to the complex isAlocated in shelter of the south-eastern

+8.50

+7.90

+ 3.40

4

5/ 15,57 m2

1/ 8,65 m2

2/ 42,17 m2

+18.1

16 lots

Whitewashed brick

16/ 7,93 17/ 37,02 m2

A

upper lobby B offers the same intricate brickwork, giving glimpses to the +18.2

7 4

16/ 7,93 17/ 37,02 m2 In-situ concrete, slate formwork

Minaret

B

1 +18.2 = ± 0.00

Car parking

10 m

Grass meadow

6

5

5

B

Car parking total

s Bu

Gravel-covered pathways

15

c

+17.9 Reference area (m2)

a

57.5 200 45.5 32

15

b

Actual area (m2)

Walls and circulation

Area

Prayer hall (void)

100

60 20

Balming

8/ 15,16 m2

Circulation total

Car parking

7

6

70 200 100

Cloakroom Ablution

6

a

6 75.5 20.5 45.5 32 16.5 15 47.5

Collective areas total

Area

elements have been reinterpreted to give an utmost functional mosque for modern Muslims living in

4

c

Actual area (m2 )

Walls and circulation areas

development of the original Qur’an ideas. Several

small-scale housing area in the north, with the mosque as the focal point in between.

2

A

6

Prayer hall Auditorium

4 5

C

rather, new requirements have demanded the establishment of a subtle interpretation and further

+8.50

Lobby (void) Auditorium (void)

2

1

Goal area (m2) Actual area (m2)

687,55 m2

Vestibule Lobby

3a

A

Influences from many different cultures have ensured the

main facade of the mosque and the tower, a generous fountain of white concrete animates the small courtyard

Area

678,15 m2

1 2

3b b

5

C

advantage.

and marks the end of the Sudurlandsbraut. A new

TOTAL NET

a

d

Reception Restrooms Cloakroom/Shoe storag Ablution Office Balming Technical room

where the imam delivers sermons. The modesty of the materials used bring the wealth of the ceremony to

district and act as a spatial and social node. In front of the

687,55 m2

3a

9

6 70 30 60 20 20 15 40

33.5

5 6

C

whitewashed - and the raw concrete roof. In Islam the

43

30

C

one building. The main volume consists of a prayer hall

A courtyard for the area

209

Reference area (m2)

16.5

45

C

throughout the year. It also draws focus from theArea worldly

pathway connects the bus stop in the south with the

678,15 m2

3b

Service area

pristine atmosphere, not only over the day but

terrazzo-flooring, two types of bricks - glazed and

intimate feeling when only a few users are present.

9

8 +18.1

bricks, diffusing the light into the building. This creates a

emphasized in the materials being used: the smooth

The centre consists of three volumes joined together into

18

20

C

25 m

20 7 33.5 43

C

10

20 7 30 45

The main theme of the facade is a mashrabiya pattern of

actions of the mosque are set in the first place. This is

space for the contemporary Muslim society on Iceland.

for ceremonies, which can be partitioned into two spaces, 5

678,15 m2

Actual area (m2)

100

7 7 new mosque from the east

Assembly... total

Mashrabiya

Intentionally, through reduction of the mosque itself the

welcoming, functional and flexible space to give a physical

-

Classroom

C

Materiality

The new mosque in Reykjavik focuses on creating a

687,55 m2

100

Goal area (m2) Actual area (m2)

Office Library

4

37,02

Worship

C

A new mosque

678,15 m2

Reference area (m2)

Assembly room Storage for aud. View of the Kitchen Storage for kit. Classroom Library

200,00 m2

TOTAL NET

17

TOTAL NET

Assembly and conference hall

38,00 m2

Worship

A

Area

Upper lobby

2 3

+16.8

FIRST FLOOR

N:o

8,00 m2

FIRST FLOOR

A

N:o

1

7,93

Technical Room

200,00 m2

BASEMENT

Technical Room

A 7

6

In-situ concrete beams

Storage for assembly room

+17.8

FIRST FLOOR

Worship

Storage for assembly room

A 19

BASEMENT

Storage for assembly room

38,00 m2

200

15,74 27,60 16,36

C

27,60 16,36

13,87 18,02

C

15,74

Assembly Room Embalming Office Restroom Men Restroom Women Cloakroom Ablution Men Ablution Women Classroom Library Kitchen Storage for kitchen 17 Restroom for Disabled Restroom for Staff A Tower

8,65 42,17 5,73

C

13,87 18,02

8,50 m2 41,00 m2 6,00 m2 100,00 m2 109,60 15,00 m2 15,57 14,00 m2 18,00 m2 15,00 m2 15,16 22,00 m2 22,09 16,00 m2 13,50 m2 31,50 m2 31,35 28,00 m2 16,50 m2 7,00 m2 7,1918 4,00 m2 3,88 4,00 m2 3,97 5,00 m2

C

8,65 42,17 5,73

GROUND FLOOR Vestibule Reception 2 Shoe Storage 18/ 200,00 m

8,50 m2 8,65 41,00 m2 B42,17 6,00 m2 5,73 100,00 m2 109,60 15,00 m2 15,57 14,00 m2 13,87 18,00 m2 18,02 15,00 m2 15,16 22,00 m2 22,09 16,00 m2 15,74 13,50 m2 31,50 m2 31,35 28,00 m2 27,60 Suðurlandsbraut 16,50 m2 16,36 7,00 m2 7,19 4,00 m2 3,88 4,00 m2 3,97 5,00 m2

C

8,50 m2 41,00 m2 6,00 m2 100,00 m2 109,60 15,00 m2 15,57 14,00 m2 18,00 m2 15,00 m2 15,16 22,00 m2 22,09 16,00 m2 13,50 m2 31,50 m2 31,35 28,00 m2 16,50 m2 7,00 m2 7,19 4,00 m2 3,88 4,00 m2 3,97 5,00 m2

GROUND FLOOR 8,50 m2 Vestibule 8,65 41,00 m2 Reception 42,17 6,00 m2 Shoe 5,73Storage 100,00 m2 109,60 Assembly Room 15,00 m2 15,57 Embalming 14,00 m2 Office 13,87 18,00 m2 Restroom 18,02 Men 15,00 m2 15,16 Restroom Women 22,00 m2 22,09 Cloakroom 16,00 m2 Ablution 15,74 Men 13,50 m2 Ablution Women 31,50 m2 31,35 Classroom 28,00 m2 Library 27,60 16,50 m2 Kitchen 16,36 7,00 m2 7,19 Storage for kitchen 8 4,00 m2 3,88 Restroom1 for Disabled 4,00 m2 3,97 Restroom for Staff 5,00 m2 Tower

C

GROUND FLOOR Vestibule Reception Shoe Storage Assembly Room Embalming Office Restroom Men Restroom Women Cloakroom Ablution Men Ablution Women Classroom Library Kitchen Storage for kitchen Restroom for Disabled Restroom for Staff Tower

GROUND FLOOR Vestibule Reception Shoe Storage Assembly Room Embalming Office Restroom Men Restroom Women Cloakroom Ablution Men Ablution Women Classroom Library Kitchen Storage for kitchen Restroom for Disabled Restroom for Staff Tower

B

West elevation 1:200

5/ 15,57 m2

1/ 8,65 m2

2 7/ 18,02 2/m42,17 m2

3

5,73 m2

6/ 14,00 m2

7/ 18,02 m2

3

5,73 m2 8/ 15,16 m2

Office Axelsson Architekten, Neugasse 151, 8005 Zurich, Switzerland Project leader: Henrik Axelsson, MSc Architecture

8/ 15,16 m2

Fabio Gigone Dipl. Civil Architect and Angela Gigliotti, Dipl. C Civil Architect and

9/ 22,09 m2

15/ 3,97

Landscape Architect.

A

A

B

5/ 15,57 m2

1/ 8,65 m2 6/ 14,00 m2

2/ 42,17 m2

9/ 22,09 m2

15/ 3,97 4/ 109,60 m2

15/ 3,88

A

15/ 3,88

4/ 109,60 m2

A

+36,10 m

B

B

Collaborators: Pierluigi Bardi, student in Architecture and Francesca Piraino, graduate Suðurlandsbraut

14/ 16,36 m2

North elevation 1:200

in Architecture

14/ 16,36 m2 11/ 10/ 13,50 15,74 13/ 27,60 m2

13/ 27,60 m2

East elevation 1:200

16/ 7,93 17/ 37,02 m2

16/ 7,93 17/ 37,02 m2

02110

competition for designing a mosque in Reykjavik

11/

Section B13,50 +36,10 m

+27,50 m

12/ 31,35 m2

12/ 31,35 m2

GSEducationalVersion

A

A

A

A C

C +21,80 m N

Qibla

N

Qibla

+27,50 m

+18,00 m N

N Quibla

+15,50 m

Quibla

+21,80 m +36,10 m

10/ 15,74

THE W

The Wors and it rep at the firs The inner ent height recogniza The outer slender sa side the s


Proposal 5 - 04817 The mosque has a strong sculptural presence. A quiet and heavy mass floating in the horizontal landscape, with a detached minaret. The building draws references to both modern, classical and ancient architecture. The plan is a square form with a semi circular prayer room in the middle and all other

1: main entrance 2. service entrance kitchen 3. entrance tower/embalming 4. parking basement 5. connected outside space to reception 6. connected outside space to auditorium 7. recreational path connects to bus stop

Proposal 6 - 05811 functions circling around it. A grid of wooden beams filters sunlight into the building beautifully. Distributing the program spaces along the periphery of the building leads to corridors and two sets of staircases and elevators. The basement and parking are not shown on the boards.

A simple, minimalistic white building with a small dome on top and a detached minaret. The organisation of the building is well solved, the functions are placed in a compact and logical way. The assembly hall and worship room can be combined. Overall the brief is solved according to

Authors

Authors

Jonas Gunerius Larsen Architect MNAL and Tommy Olsen Architect

Authorship: WORKSONLAND ARKITEKTUR OG LANDSKAP DA. Grini Mölle Grinidammen 10 1359 Eiksmarka Norway

situacion plan 1 : 500

the criteria, but it is questionable to place “Women’s worship” on the second floor, a function which was not requested. Technical solutions are considered and environmental aspects are taken into account.

Contact person: Agustin Sebastian, Architect


MOSQUE IN REYKJAVIK, ICELAND

classroom. This make plan 2 a unit for education purposes.

28

BB

0 1 2 3 4 5M (Scale 1:200 A1)

Space for Minaret

Proposal 7 - 07070

Proposal 8 - 07857 1. 2. 3.

Vestibule

AA

Cloakroom

4. Shoe storage

The proposal appears as a multi faceted form both in plan and elevation, divided into a copper clad base with a white concrete upper part. The worship area has a rectangular shape oriented towards Mecca. The rest of the spaces are distributed on two floors. “P” Public

“P” Hearse

5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16.

Kitchen

AA

“P” Staff

Assembly/Conference hall

Delivery access

N

Storage

Plan 1st. Floor 1:200

BB

Qiblah

Vestibule Lobby Cloakroom Shoe storage Restrooms Kitchen Assembly Storage

7 70 35 20 35 27 101 7

m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2

2 Worship space 190 m 2 Balming 15 m Ablution 20 m2

Total net >

18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25.

Storage for kitchen (8 sqm) Kitchen (20 sqm) Library (60 sqm) Research room (12 sqm) Classroom (30 sqm) Technical room (40 sqm) Cleaning storage Toilets, separeted for men and women, (14 sqm each) Restrooms, separeted for men and women, (20 sqm each) Sixten public parking spaces, two which are allocated for handicapped Skylight window for restrooms in Plan -1

The proposal consists of three curved building parts and an attached minaret. The building is cladded with basalt stone and the roof is green. On the inside wood is the dominant material which works well as a contrast to the rather massive shape and external materials. The functions are organised around the

Ablution

Worship space

Delivery

Roof terrace

wc

Balming

“P” Disabled

Inner courtyard

The courtyard and roof terrace are nice additions. The use of material in coherence with space is interesting. Despite beautiful spaces and refined materials the proposal did not convince the majority of the jury. Inner courtyard

Entrance

Lobby

Vestibule (6 sqm) Shoe storage (20 sqm) Sun diagram Cloakroom, separated for men and women, (20 sqm each) Ablution, separated for men and women, (9 sqm each) Reception desk Reception area (75 sqm) Office (16 sqm with restroom staff) Function diagram Restroom staff (Common areas/Worship/Gathering) Door into the balming room Restroom disabled (4 sqm) Restroom disabled (4 sqm) Balming (12 sqm) Minaret Worship (200 sqm) Mihrabs and mimbars Auditorium (105 sqm) (can be combined with Function trough diagram sliding walls) worship (Studying/Library/Office/Technic) Storage room for auditorium (8 sqm)

17.

527m2

Siteplan 1:500

26. 27. 28.

Total net internal area NIA = 672 sqm Total gross floor area of the building GFA

= 625 sqm

The interior of the building are in scandinavian style, the interior walls have mostly plywood as cladding, the floors are in different polished concrete colors. The roof is suported by glulam beams. Glulam beams can bear effectly high loads, for example snow. The glulam beams are visable inside the building, as a expression for the buildings construction.

worship area on the first floor, but in a rather rigid manner and with little flow. The library is on the second floor and the restrooms are in the basement, which is not practical. The form of the building and its appearance are not convincing as the first purpose-built mosque in Iceland.

Open space plan (weddings & big ceremonies) Materials and Finishes

Design goals This first mosque in Iceland is a religious milestone which brings with it the challenge to manifest Islamic rituals in the Icelandic context. This proposal is a modern, Icelandic interpretation of Islamic architecture, respecting the requirements of the Faith while bringing the openness of Scandinavian design into the layout. The Mosque is composed volumetrically of a rectangle governed by the direction of Qibla installed on a platform shaped as the building plot. If required, space has been allocated for a Minaret, placed in connection to the entrance. It is suggested to leave the design of the tower, decoration of the interior of the Worship hall and choice of color scheme for the windows to an artist, resulting in a coherent visual design of the Mosque. On the entry floor are all the ceremonial and collective spaces and services for those spaces. On the second floor are library, classroom and the office, overlooking the lobby. Edifice At the north angle of the construction, a raised main entrance can be reached by a stairway and ramp, or alternately into the Reception area from the underground parking. The Lobby has a generous and bright ceiling and gives direct access to the cloakrooms and shoe storage. An inner courtyard is situated west of the building with a stairway directly to the Roof terrace on the 2nd floor.

Mosque, seen from Miklabraut

The Worship hall is the center of the edifice, and the interior layout of the main floor surrounding it is clear and solemn for regular ceremonies, but the Worship hall together with the Assembly Room in south and Lobby in north, can become a flexible 400m2 open-space through the use of folding panels. Those expandable and adaptable spaces can easily fulfill all the functional requirements of the diverse activities occurring in the Mosque, and augmented festivities such as Eids. The Ablution facilities and Restrooms are located around the Worship hall and are reached through a calm corridor. The kitchen and storage rooms are directly related to the Assembly room with delivery from the south. The second floor is detached from the Worship hall creating a luminous and spacious atmosphere in between. The Classroom, Library and Office as well as the remaining Restrooms are all located on this mezzanine with direct access through a secondary staircase down to the Assembly hall. From the mezzanine, a Roof terrace can be reached, giving the opportunity to relax in an environment, protected by the lotus flower, from the dominant winds and precipitation. The total gross area of the building is 800 m2.

Exterior: The edifice is made of concrete with a white colored Worship hall and copper clad walls of the platform. The wall openings are vertical stripes on 1st and 2nd floor, having the same dimensions as the copper cladding. The south elevation has glass panels to enlighten the assembly hall and frames the picturesque Bláfjöll Mountains in the far distance. A skylight formed as a lotus flower is placed on the Roof terrace serving as a landmark for the Mosque to the surrounding areas such as Miklabraut. Interior: The Worship Hall is clad with highly reflective and glossy mahogany timber from floor to ceiling. All other building walls and doors are painted neutral white with soft linoleum as heated floor covering. Access

Common areas

Library

Flow diagram (Men / Women) wc Classroom

Technic Office

Roof terrace

Technic

The main access to the building is from the northernmost part of the parcel, leading to 25 underground parking spaces. By expanding the car park to the limits of the land lot, it is possible to reach the total of 50 car spaces. A technical room are also in the basement and are accessed through the car park. A secondary entrance way is situated further east to embalming area and delivery area which is positioned at the southern part of the plot, there are additional 4 parking for staff and disabled near the Main entrance.

Office Classroom WC Technic Library Common areas Total net >

23 m 2 35 m 2 20 m 2 25 m 2 40 m 2 2 65 m 143 m

Total gross area > 800m

Plan 2nd. Floor 1:200

2 2

Carpark 25 (up to 50 spaces within site boundry) 1:500

07070

Competition for a new mosque in Reykjavik Iceland 19

A

1

2

17

5 3

A

A

Interior view of the worship room

20

18 4

4

3

10

7 15

14

B

Axonometric 3D 2nd. Floor

A

2 22

6

Mosque, seen from Miklabraut

Mosque, Lobby (open space for celebration)

Floor plan level -1

Floor plan level 2

Floor plan level1 A

11

21

8

12

B

B

C

C

25

B

B

C

C

9 13

C

16 28

Plan 2 consists of education, such as library, research room and classroom. This make plan 2 a unit for education purposes.

Plan -1 consists of facilities such as restrooms and toile for this purposes. Thereis also possibilities to have und instead in the front of the building on ground level.

0 1 2 3 4 5M (Scale 1:200 A1)

Authors

Authors 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16.

Vestibule (6 sqm) Shoe storage (20 sqm) Cloakroom, separated for men and women, (20 sqm each) Ablution, separated for men and women, (9 sqm each) Reception desk Reception area (75 sqm) Office (16 sqm with restroom staff) Restroom staff Door into the balming room Restroom disabled (4 sqm) Restroom disabled (4 sqm) Balming (12 sqm) Minaret Worship (200 sqm) Mihrabs and mimbars Auditorium (105 sqm) (can be combined with worship trough sliding walls) Storage room for auditorium (8 sqm)

18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25.

Storage for kitchen (8 sqm) Kitchen (20 sqm) Library (60 sqm) Research room (12 sqm) Classroom (30 sqm) Technical room (40 sqm) Cleaning storage Toilets, separeted for men and women, (14 sqm each) Restrooms, separeted for men and women, (20 sqm each) Sixten public parking spaces, two which are allocated for handicapped Skylight window for restrooms in Plan -1

The interior of the building are in scandinavian style, the interior walls have mostly plywood as cladding, the floors are in different polished concrete colors. The roof is suported by glulam beams. Glulam beams can bear effectly high loads, for example snow. The glulam beams are visable inside the building, as a expression for the buildings construction.

Authors: INTERPRATING SPACES, Paris, France and T.ark - Teiknistofan Arkitektar ehf,

Jonas Taljsten Arkitektur, Stangavaagen 14, 128 44 Bagarmassen Stocholm, Sweden.

Reykjavík

Jonas Taljsten Arkitekt SAR/MSA

Mosque, Lobby (open space for celebration)

Worship (open space for celebration)

Design team: Ivon Stefán Cilia, architect, Karl Kvaran, architect, Michael Blikdal Erichsen architect, Sahar Ghaderi architect Assistance: Halldór Eiríksson architect, Hjörtur Pálsson byggingafræðingur, Sverrir Ágústsson architect. Axonometric 3D 1st. Floor

17.

26

26. 27. 28.

Total net internal area NIA = 672 sqm Total gross floor area of the building GFA

= 625 sqm


Proposal 9 - 10555

Proposal 11 - 11011

A new mosque for Reykjavik

Introduction

The building seeks inspiration in Icelandic natural phenomenas like glacier-ice and crystals and appears as a multifaceted form with deep slots of bluish glass. The facades are interesting with small perforated openings in massive stone walls. The worship room is more cubic

and symmetrical in appearance. The organisation of the program is a bit complicated and distributed on three levels. It is unnecessary to have two access ramps to the small parking garage.

The competition to create the first purpose built mosque in Iceland is a great ambition, embracing the wide sweep of history to find a locus for a modern idea of Islamic worship. By transposing the traditional idea of the mosque to modern times, it aims to create a contemporary focus of identity for the muslim community in Iceland. A centre for Islamic spiritual communion, the ideal centre for the exchange of ideas. Our proposals seek to match this ambition, and by the clarity of the planning and the clear interrelationship between the parts of the brief, they aim to provide a critically organised response in which to carry out the daily life of the mosque and madrasa.

The proposed building appears as a simple form following the plot boundaries with a dome over the worship room and a vertical tower. The main assembly

room is located on the lower (basement) level with access through stairs, a ramp and an elevator. A quiet and introvert proposal with interesting spaces.

The site

The site is an exposed, mainly level green field adjacent to a busy dual carriageway east of Reykjavik city centre. The mosque will be a significant public building in the evolving development of the Sogamyri area and form the centrepiece of a new public park.

The new Reykjavik mosque

The mosque is raised 800mm above the existing ground level with the entrance elevation placed along the long (north-east) building line. The ground floor is conceived as a generous foyer with the main entrance located at the north west corner of the front elevation.

There is convenient space for shoe storage, cloakroom, separate ablution spaces and wcs for men and women. The reception desk is placed to welcome visitors and control access to the office, the library and class room. The latter two rooms may be separated using black-out curtains. The entrance to the balming room is located in the south east corner of the front elevation. The balming room is square on plan and located within the toplit minaret which rises 19.5 metres above ground level. Two stepped ramps lead down to the lower ground floor – a curved ramp to the worship hall and a scissor ramp to the assembly hall. A lift also provides access to the lower ground floor together with a small staircase between the classroom and the assembly hall.

27

26

74

25

24

The worship hall is circular on plan with a hemispherical domed ceiling. The axis of the qibla is marked by the mihrab niche with doors opening into the balming room. Here the coffin may be lowered on its plinth from the foyer via a small hydraulic lift. The mimbar is provided to the right of the mihrab. The assembly hall may be closed to form a self-contained room or open to form a contiguous space with the worship hall.

28

The kitchen and technical room are also on lower ground floor and provided with clerestorey windows in the plinth.

Materiality and construction The aim is to make a building which fuses the timeless grace of Islamic sacred architecture with Icelandic building traditions. The building is constructed in insulated fair-faced in-situ concrete. The entrance elevation and minaret are faced in an Islamic pattern of white stone tiles interlaced with gold mosaic. The remaining elevations are clad in vertical red corrugated steel sheet. The roof, including the dome of the worship hall, is planted with wild grass. The interior walls and ceilings are fair-face concrete, and floors laid in an Islamic geometric pattern of white, green, red and black stone/ marble tiles. The worship hall dome is lined with gold mosaic and illuminated using a suspended grid of lights. The foyer, the wcs and ablution spaces are daylit by linear rooflights. The aim is to provide interior spaces of measured calm and reticence. Only the classroom has French windows set in the wall with access to the garden.

Environmental considerations The environmental strategy is a passive low energy approach. The building will be wrapped in a thick jacket of insulation. By burying it partly within the ground its thermal performance is greatly improved.

25

Landscaping and car-park The exterior landscape includes paved car-parking for sixteen cars and hearse contained within a topiary hedge along the frontage. The sides and rear of the site will be planted with low evergreen hedges to form a maze garden based on an Islamic pattern, to connect the mosque into the surrounding parkland.

24

27

26 11011

74

25

24

28

Authors

Authors

MEDAD Consultant Engineers, Hussein Assaad and Partners

Pierre d’Avoine & Daníel Ólafsson.

Author and Partners: Arch.Hussein Said Assaad Team leader, Salma Tammam Assistant, Tamer Ibrahim Sultan Architect, Mahmoud Moe´men Architect, Farid Konsowa Architect, Ahmed Madkour Draftsman. 25

24

top sheet 1/2


Proposal 12 - 11111 “Norður ljós” is a in situ concrete building with an elevated worship room, cladded with brass and facing Mecca. The minaret is attached to the building and is made of concrete. Most functions are on the ground floor, including the assembly hall. There is no connection to worship room

Proposal 14 - 11228 from the assembly hall, as requested, since it is on the upper floor. Parking is in the basement, along with the restrooms. The approach is poetic, with interesting detailing, but overall the building seems rather massive in its environment.

The light building consists of two joint rectangles, on aligned to the plot, the other turned towards Mecca. There are two additional building parts in grey: The round worship hall and the minaret. The floor plans are well solved and logical, but the assembly hall is not directly

connected to the worship hall being on different levels, as requested. The ceiling of the worship room is interesting. An overall concise and well solved project, but unfortunately the clever solutions of the interior do not transfer to the exterior.

minaret dome qibla wall 7

8 entrance

open dow axonometric 1 minaret

2

dome 6

5

qibla wall

9

7

Þrst þoor +18.00 - 1:200

8

auditorium

entrance

open down

open down

classroom

3

4

axonometric 1

2 9

5

Þrst þoor +18.00 - 1:200 auditorium

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

4

The building consists of two parts, reþecting their relations to the Islamic and Icelandic cultures. The Islamic part, which is oriented towards Mecca contains the areas of worship and related functions. The Icelandic part contains the entrance and worldly functions of the Mosque, including a public library and 3 classroom. The two parts are joined in a pivot point in the center of the minaret. 3

Mosque in Reykjavík

Access is from Suðurlandsbraut, with a light screen

9 wall leading to a small plaza and from there along the

prayer hall into the vestibule and the lobby. The screen wall echoes some common elements in Icelandic and Islamic architectural heritage in its 2 7 undulating pattern. Those who arrive by car can either park above ground or in the parking garage underneath the building.

The building consists of two parts, reþecting their

Suðurlandsbraut relations to the Islamic and Icelandic cultures. The

Suðurlandsbraut

Authors

72

4P

74

Authors

76

16

a

17

Benjamin Arvid Jaeger

20

c

19

4P

2

balming

minbar

lobby

mihrab

ground þoor +21.00 - 1:200

balming lobby

main entrance

a main entrance b kitchen c balming

washing

17 20 19 ground þoor

18

Inside the musallah, a skylight dome is encapsulated in a golden cylinder that projects skylight upon the worshipers. The white qiblah wall faces the entrance while an extruded part of the minaret serves as mihrab with a window at the seat of the prophet silhouetting the imam during prayers. A plain interior is interrupted only by the same simple, undulating pattern as in the screen wall outside.

main entrance

worship - 198m2 washing - 21m2 restroom - 36m2 16 cloakroom - 38m2 ground þoor shoe storage - 20m2 balming - 16m2 lobby - 60m2 8. vestibule - 6m2 Worshipers Þrst enter the antechambers containing 9. entrance for kitchen ground þoor +21.00 - 1:200 and shoe storage, followed by the the cloakroom

a

worship

washing

worship

Arkibúllan ehf, Tómasarhagi 31, 107 Reykjavík

ablution facilities with separate wudu facilities for men and women. From there, they enter into the prayer hall (musallah). For þexibility, the double-height musallah can be extended into the auditorium on the next þoor through diverse openings in the wall.

1

Inside the musallah, a skylight dome is encapsulated in a golden cylinder that projects skylight upon the worshipers. The white qiblah wall faces the entrance while an extruded part of the minaret serves as mihrab with a window at the seat of the prophet silhouetting the imam during prayers. A plain interior is interrupted only by the same simple, undulating pattern as in the screen wall outside. A simple choice of materials in line with local tradition provides for an economical construction while fulÞlling ecological goals. The exterior walls are white-painted even concrete and the roofs are þat and covered with grass. The Minaret is bare concrete, but inside of the skylight dome is covered in brushed brass and traditional Islamic rosettes to give a certain 1 2 quality of light inside the musallah.

parking

The rest of the interior is lively, with the choice of colour and pattern suiting each function. Wood is used P12furnishings. throughout for door, stairs and The Reykjavik Mosque stands as a proud symbol of faith and harmony, in the name of Allah the compassionate and merciful.

Hólmfríður Ósmann Jónsdóttir architect faí og Hrefna Björg Þorsteinsdóttir architect 18

FAÍ

A simple choice of materials in line with local tradition 19 provides for an economical construction while fulÞlling ecological goals. The exterior walls are white-painted even concrete and the roofs are þat and covered with grass. The Minaret is bare concrete, but inside of the skylight dome is covered in brushed brass and traditional Islamic rosettes to give a certain quality of light inside the musallah.

parking

The rest of the interior is lively, with the choice of site plan - 1:500colour and pattern suiting each function. Wood is used throughout for door, stairs and furnishings.

aut

19

basement

Total size of the building = 760 m2 + basement

Assistants: Sigrún Birgisdóttir architect FAÍ and dean of the design and architectural The Reykjavik Mosque labr stands as a proud symbol of Mik in the name of Allah the faith and harmony, compassionate and merciful.

basement

technical room

basement +15.00 - 1:200

1. technical room - 36m2 2. parking - 12

department of LHÍ and Margrét Leifsdóttir architect and health coach.

site plan - 1:500 Mik

labr

aut

Total size of the building = 760 m2 + basement

7

2

Upon2entering the lobby, the visitor is faced with two1. 6 into the places of worship on 2. options: Enter directly the ground þoor, or proceed upstairs from the lobby 3. 4. towards the office area, the large open library, 5. auditorium and the classroom at the end of the 6. corridor. 7.

76

minbar mihrab

Worshipers Þrst enter the antechambers containing the cloakroom and shoe storage, followed by the ablution facilities with separate wudu facilities for men and women. From there, they enter into the prayer hall (musallah). For þexibility, the double-height musallah can be extended into the auditorium on the next þoor through diverse openings in the wall.

a main entrance b kitchen c balming

b

Upon entering the lobby, the visitor is faced with two c options: Enter directly into the places of worship on the ground þoor, or proceed upstairs from the lobby towards the office area, the large open library, auditorium and the classroom at the end of the corridor.

5 5

5

Building a Mosque in Reykjavik is about building a bridge between two cultures as well as building a place of worship.

Access is from Suðurlandsbraut, with a light screen wall leading to a small plaza and from there along the prayer hall into the vestibule and the lobby. b The screen wall echoes some common elements in Icelandic and Islamic architectural heritage in its undulating pattern. Those who arrive by car can either park above ground or in the parking garage underneath the building.

3

9

The Icelandic part of the building is placed along the 8 axis of the Suðurlandsbraut road, shielding the Islamic 3 which points towards the planned public park part area between the Miklabraut and Suðurlandsbraut roads. A small mound of earth is formed in a wide circle around the Minaret as a shield from traffic 5 noise. 1

Þrst þoor

The Icelandic part of the building is placed along the axis of the Suðurlandsbraut road, shielding the Islamic part which points towards the planned public park area between the Miklabraut and Suðurlandsbraut roads. A small mound of earth is formed in a wide circle around the Minaret as a shield from traffic noise.

4

3

Building a Mosque in Reykjavik is about building a bridge between two cultures as well as building a place of worship.

library

72

library

Mosque in Reykjavík

classroom

Islamic part, which is oriented towards Mecca contains the areas of worship and related functions. The Icelandic part contains the entrance and worldly functions of the Mosque, including a public library and classroom. The two parts are joined in a pivot point in the center of the minaret. 74

kitchen - 25m2 storage for kitchen - 7m2 auditorium - 100m2 storage room - 7m2 restroom - 3m2 classroom - 28m2 library - 58m2 office - 17m2 Þrst þoor exit

11228

technical room

basement +15.00 - 1:200


Proposal 15 - 13475

Proposal 16 - 13581

The scheme consists of a big sloping turf roof following the plot boundaries and an elliptical building rising high and pointing to Mecca. The elliptical form contains the auditorium and worship rooms, other functions are distributed

under the sloping roof. Glass decorated with text fragments is an interesting idea. Technical facilities and toilets are in the basement. Access to parking is not solved within the property.

A grandiose building which seems foreign to the environment. A transparent facade covers the building objects of the mosque. The facade, a significant part of this project, is complex. The

interior of the worship hall is interesting regarding the use of material and light. The organisation of rooms is solved within the two squares in a practical way. Parking is not shown.

SECTI

DS

VÍK

THE SITE AND THE CONDITIONS The site is located in a freeway crossroads at Miklabraut-49 and Reykjanesbraut-41 which is an important traffic point of the city. The crossroads connects the north-south and west-east of the city, providing a view to the plot for the car drivers. It is our position that because the plot is placed in this central location in the city, the architecture must give something back to the city, integrating into its surroundings at the same time. THE CONCEPT The concept is to create manifestations of light that reflect the interior and exterior architecture at the same time, creating a relationship between the indoor spaces and the plot/city. The concept is to print or paste texts which explain the philosophy of the pillars on the window panels. The text will filter the THEdaylight IDEAand the artificial light creating many of lighting experience on the insideacts and in on Islam, Thevariations Five Pillars of Islam are five basic the outside spaces of the mosque. It will allow the considered mandatory by believers and are the foundaoutside public to read the text of the Five Pillars’ narration tive. of Muslim The Mosque The text life. will not onlyFive passPillar the message to as a symbol is a outsiders celebration of that but philosophy, mosque shall and insiders, also create aand filterthe for the daylight, the to mosque from overheating in thepublic present thatprotecting narrative the visitors and to the summer time and simultaneously providing privacy for alike, creating a bridge between the inside and the the praying people.

E

outside spaces, between the users and the city.

K

oto

line

THE BUILDING / THE PROPOSALS buildings divided into two zones: an ellipse and THEThe SITE ANDare THE CONDITIONS a rectangular-shaped zone. TheThe siteellipse-shaped is located inzone a freeway crossroads at Mikcontains The Hall of Worship labraut-49 and Reykjanesbraut-41 which ofisFive an important and the auditorium. The structure is supported Pillars which is oncity. an axis aligned and pointing out to the traffic point of the The crossroads connects the direction of Mecca, marking of the north-south and west-east of the thepresence city, providing a view to Qibla on the structure. The roof is inclined 10 degrees the plot for the car drivers. It is our position that because in the same direction as the pillars. Secondary columns the plot is placed in this centralagainst location in the city, the and glazing support the structure vertical forces. We suggestmust a space paved with different kinds stones architecture give something back toofthe city, inteand prefabricated mosaics to reflect the cultural heritage grating into its surroundings at the same time. of mosques and wood at the walls to reflect the Scandinavian tradition.

THE HALL OF WORSHIP IS DIVIDED SYMMETRICALLY AND AN EQUAL HIERARCHY IN THE SPACE BETWEEN WOMEN AND MEN IN THE HALL OF WORSHIP IS MANIFESTED.

50 m

ings

8,4ˇ)

mosques as well as it plays well with the aesthetic of the grass. The rectangular building includes the servicing

THE BUILDING / THE PROPOSALS The buildings are divided into two zones: an ellipse and a rectangular-shaped zone. The ellipse-shaped zone contains The Hall of Worship and the auditorium. The structure is supported of Five Pillars which is on an axis aligned and pointing out to the direction of Mecca, marking the presence of the Qibla on the structure. The roof is inclined 10 degrees in the same direction as the pillars. Secondary columns and glazing support the structure against vertical forces. We suggest a space paved with different kinds of stones and prefabricated mosaics to reflect the cultural heritage of mosques and wood at the walls to reflect the Scandinavian tradition. THE MIHRAB IS UNFILTERED LIGHT We mark the Mihrab by not printing text in the glasssection that is facing Mecca. The daylight from this window will be much stronger and more present than from the other windows, which will mean that the Mihrab will be manifested through light rather than form. To the right of the clean glass-section we place the Mimbar which has the same shape and material as the pillars but is manifested in different color. The Mimbar is green. THE RECTANGULAR-SHAPED BUILDING The slope of the rectangular-shaped building falls from the west towards the east and helps accentuate the ellipse-shaped part of the building. We propose a grass roof so that the building reflects the surrounding area and the Icelandic cultural heritage, furthermore it

B

Gathering situation e.g. 114 individuals

D.T.

Views to auditorium screen and the podium Curtain compositions VESTIBULE 10m 2

Praying situation e.g.152 individuals

D.T.

MANDATORY LINE

SECTI

LOBBY 91m

KITCHEN 21m

CL

A

AS

2

CLOAK 2

2

13m

SHOES

CIRCULATION 2 27m

STORAGE 20m2

WOMEN 2 39m CLOAK

SR THE HALL OF WORSHIP IS OO M DIVIDED SYMMETRICALLY D.T. AND AN EQUAL HIERARCHY 32m IN THE SPACE BETWEEN LIBRARY 53m WOMEN AND MEN IN THE HALL OF WORSHIP IS MANIFESTED. OFFICE

Lecture situation e.g.128 individuals

D.T.

WASHING

2

14m

DEPOT 17m 2

OU

SHOES

RM

OS MASQULIMUM 2 T LIM 53m ITCLOAK LIN E

OP

ER TY

WORSHIP MEN

WASHING

Curtain compositions

THE DIRECTION OF THE QIBLA (-18,4°)

10m 2

DISTRIBUTION OF SPACE

TOILET M.

91m

CLOAK

2

13m

SHOES

AS

STORAGE 20m2

27m

2

TOILETWOMEN M. 2 2 22m 39m

RO OM FLEXIBLE SPACES: PLAN 1/200 A

Authors

During our space/function-analysis we concluded that a flexible room distribution would give the project more value than a locked room distribution. Therefore, we suggest that The Hall of Worship and the auditorium are interlocked in each other thus allowing for large numbers of prayers and other events when necessary. Parachute fabric curtains are hung in between the five pillars to separate the women and the men during praying.

S

the men during praying. The space is dividedD.T. symmetrically and an equal hierarchy in the space between women and men in The Hall of Worship is manifested. The curtains will enable rapid changes 2 32m in the spatial context providing flexible spaces, and LIBRARY 2 many different variations of events will be possible. 53m The curtains can also be used as a screen for video projection etc. We think that the auditorium should also be flexible in its functionality. Therefore, we propose an auditorium with flexible chairs which support the general flexibility.

OFFICE

CLOAK TOILET F. 2 38m

14m

ER TY

BALMING 16m2

WORSHIP / AUDITORIM

10 21 91 27 20 13 32 52 14

ENTRANCE WOMEN ENTRANCE MEN BALMING MINARET

39 53 16 9

WORSHIP / AUDITORIUM TOTAL NETTO

236 748

WALLS TOTAL BRUTTO

55 803

WORSHIP MEN

WASHING

MINARET 2 9m

TOILET M. 22m

THE DIRECTION OF THE QIBLA (-18,4°)

2

TOILET M. 2 22m

TOILET F. 2 38m

Authors Author and copyright: Jörn Schutze KS architects MAA.MDD Member Danske Ark. Konkylievej 5, DK 8250 Egaa

ROOF BELOW 1,2m

NE

the men during praying. The space is divided symmetrically and an equal hierarchy in the space between women and men in The Hall of Worship is manifested. The curtains will enable rapid changes in the spatial context providing flexible spaces, and many different variations of events will be possible.

Praying (e.g. 96) and lecture (e.g. 99) situation

D.T.

LI

FLEXIBLE SPACES: PLAN 1/200

Lecture situation e.g.128 individuals

13475

B

During our space/function-analysis we concluded that a flexible room distribution would give the project more value than a locked room distribution. Therefore, we suggest that The Hall of Worship and the auditorium are inter-

Praying situation e.g.152 individuals

A

236m 2

RM

1. FLOOR: VESTIBULE KITCHEN LOBBY CIRCULATION STORAGE CLOAK CLASSROOM LIBRARY OFFICE

DIRECTION TO THE NORTH THE MIHRAB

THE BASEMENT 1:200

TE

OP

2

DEPOT 17m 2

SHOES

OS MASQULIMUM T 53m 2 LI M CLOAK IT LI NE

TECHNICAL ROOM 43m

2

OU

40

D.T.

WASHING

STAIRS 2 15m

WORSHIP WOMEN

Douglas Wallace Ferrari PR

2

CIRCULATION

CL

22

TECHNICAL ROOM

2

22m

2

BASEMENT TOILETS MEN

TOILETS WOMEN 38 MANDATORY LINE15 CIRCULATION

B

LOBBY 21m

M2 D.T.

E

KITCHEN

Views to auditorium screen and the podium

ROOF BELOW 1,2m

MINARET 2 VESTIBULE 9m

LIN

Praying (e.g. 96) and lecture (e.g. 99) situation

D.T.

A

236m 2

TE

PR

Gathering situation e.g. 114 individuals

D.T.

THE MIHRAB

WORSHIP / AUDITORIM

2

THE CURTAINS WILL ENABLE RAPID CHANGES IN THE SPATIAL CONTEXT PROVIDING FLEXIBLE SPACES, AND MANY DIFFERENT VARIATIONS OF EVENTS WILL BE POSSIBLE.

BALMING 16m2

B WORSHIP WOMEN

2

buildings

THE CONCEPT MIHRAB IS UNFILTERED LIGHT TheTHE concept is to create manifestations of light that We mark the Mihrab by not printing text in the glassreflect the interior and exterior section that is facing Mecca. The daylight from this winvel architecture thestronger same time, creating relationship bedow will beat much and more presentathan from the the otherindoor windows, which will mean the Mihrab willconcept tween spaces and thethat plot/city. The be manifested through light rather than form. To right is to print or paste texts which explain the the philosophy of of the clean glass-section we place the Mimbar which the pillars on the window panels. Thepillars textbut willis filter the has the same shape and material as the a (-18,4ˇ ) daylight and the artificial light manifested in different color. Thecreating Mimbar is many green. variations of lighting experience on the inside and on THE RECTANGULAR-SHAPED BUILDING the outside spaces of the mosque. It will allow the The slope of the rectangular-shaped building falls from outside public to read theand text of the Five Pillars’ narrathe west towards the east helps accentuate the tive.ellipse-shaped The text willpart notofonly pass the message to h the building. We propose a grass roof so and that the building reflects the create surrounding areafor the outsiders insiders, but also a filter and the Icelandic cultural heritage, furthermore it daylight, protecting the mosque from overheating in the functions as an isolations material. Here too, we summer time simultaneously privacy for suggest thatand the walls are paved with providing different kinds the praying people.it reflects the cultural heritage of of stones because

THE CURTAINS WILL ENABLE RAPID CHANGES IN THE SPATIAL CONTEXT PROVIDING FLEXIBLE SPACES, AND MANY DIFFERENT VARIATIONS OF EVENTS WILL BE POSSIBLE.

FR ST EE O ZE RA R G E

THE IDEA The Five Pillars of Islam are five basic acts in Islam, considered mandatory by believers and are the foundation of Muslim life. The Five Pillar Mosque as a symbol is a celebration of that philosophy, and the mosque shall present that narrative to the visitors and to the public alike, creating a bridge between the inside and the outside spaces, between the users and the city.

FR ST EE O ZE RAG R E

E

STAIRS 2 15m TECHNICAL ROOM 43m

2

DISTRIBUTION OF SPACE

M2

BASEMENT TOILETS MEN TOILETS WOMEN CIRCULATION TECHNICAL ROOM

Team: JörnSchutze architect MAA MDD, Ingus Birznieks´ Bach.Const Arch, Oskars

22 38 15 40

Lapsa Bach.Const Arch, Orinta Astrauskaité Stud. Const Arch, Christopher Krajewski

1. FLOOR: VESTIBULE KITCHEN LOBBY CIRCULATION STORAGE CLOAK CLASSROOM LIBRARY OFFICE

10 21 91 27 20 13 32 52 14

ENTRANCE WOMEN ENTRANCE MEN BALMING MINARET

39 53 16 9

WORSHIP / AUDITORIUM TOTAL NETTO

236 748

WALLS

55

SOUT

Stud.Const Arch. SECTION BB


Proposal 17 - 13964 The proposed mosque consists of two angled volumes separated by a light shaft. The minaret is a wall. The route from the parking through the different spaces of the building and to the prayer

Proposal 18 - 15008 room is well articulated. Small openings, roof lights and big windows give interesting daylight qualities to various interior spaces. Parking is not solved inside the plot boundaries.

The proposal consists of square-shaped buildings that surround an oval-shaped worship hall. The floor plans are overall well solved, the ground floor contains all functions, except the office, library

and classroom, which are placed in an excavation one floor below. The implementation of the minaret is original and elegant. Overall the proposal presents a humble approach.

Authors

Authors

Team: Place to meet you Madrid Spain

Andrúm arkitektar Hverfisgata 54, 101 Reykjavík Iceland

Raúl Garcia Cuevas architect, Luis Garcia de la Cruz architect, Oscar Gutierrez Diaz

Haraldur Örn Jónsson architect, Kristján Garðarsson architect

architect, Rocio Hermida Blanco building engineer


Proposal 19 - 17499

Proposal 21 - 18088

An interesting proposal with strong landscape qualities. The worship room and assembly hall stand like a tall rocklike building element in a sloping landscape, giving associations both to volcanic craters and Stonehenge. The entrance route from the parking through the sloping landscape is interesting and

A rectangular form in the middle of the plot contains the prayer room and the assembly hall and they are oriented towards Mecca. The lobby and other serving spaces are placed around the

well articulated. A slight drawback that disabled and non disabled people get so different entrance situations. Angled geometry of serving rooms works well against the natural form of the prayer room. A beautiful proposal with rich spatial qualities.

large halls, following the geometry of the plot. The scheme is complex but the angled sloping roofs in two directions give the building a friendly and interesting appearance.

The design is inspired by the Icelandic landscape and references the circling of the Kaaba and the cave where Mohammad received his visions. The clockwise procession from street to prayer room is one of increasing tranquility. The essential and sacred spaces are central and protected whereas the serving spaces create an ‘L’ shaped barrier between the adjacent property and the street, thus revealing the prayer room walls, Quibla wall and the future park. GOALS/POINT OF FOCUS/VISION/EXPERIENCE: At a distance there is something unique but familiar in the landscape. It looks like something constructed next to a rock outcropping that is partially

covered with earth and snow. As you approach, the familiarity remains, but the uniqueness increases. It appears Icelandic, as the surfaces, shapes and to the mosque Arriving colors that appear throughout the landscape have evolved from fire, water and wind. You see the street wall is perfectly straight; leading you to believe that what lies beyond may not be what you first imagined. There is a peaceful inviting quality to the composition. Then you see a path leading you

A NEW MOSQUE IN REYKJAVIK

through an enchanting mystical garden with geometric water elements, plants and places to sit. The path descends to an opening in the rock-like structure that feels like entering a secret cave. Between the rocks there appears to be ice with an inviting glow in some places and in other places the

ice seems to be mirroring the sky. The departure from the city street reveals a journey of exploration and an embarquement of discovery. This is a

Focus on the task/challenges/goals special place which is humbly quiet with only the sound of water giving you a feeling of purification. You suddenly realize you have arrived at a place

the end wall is staged by a large skylight that marks the direction towards Mecca. Located at the end wall is the minbar and the mihrab is designed as a relief in the qibla wall. The wooden part surrounds the brick part and fills out the lot towards north in a way that a facade is created along Suðurlandsbraut. This part contains the common facilities as common entrance, vestibule, cloakroom, shoe storage, ablution facilities, restrooms, and the kitchen for serving the assembly space. The technical room is in the basement and can be reached from the lobby.

This proposal seeks to design a modern, locally integrated mosque of enlightenment. As you enter, removing your coat and shoes you hear water and a feeling of compression, like that of a low fog. The floor is warm that rationally creates the best conditions for the Muslim community in Reykjavik with an expression that relates to Nordic design and but the space is cool. When you enter the prayer room you feel intrigued by the flood of natural light, the verticality feels inspiring and the simplicity Icelandic culture.

of the space feels therapeutic. You are in a spiritual space of contemplation and enlightenment.

Design/concept The mosque’s design is inspired by a simple motif. Rock in Landscape. It consists of two main parts; the Rock which is a made of bricks and appears monolithic, and the Landscape which is in wood and ap-

DESCRIPTION:

Organisation The mosque is organised so that all the main activities are located in the Rock and the supporting facilities are located in the Landscape in two wings that run from the lobby in the northwest corner. The north wing creates access to the worship space and contains the facilities used in the connection with the use of the worship space. The west wing contains the kitchen, the toilets and storage. The worship space can be entered through the ablution rooms and the embalming room or from the lobby. Additionally, it can, with a

pears transparent and plastic. The building is composed of locally sourced materials. The prayer and assembly room walls are constructed of rough-finish, pre-cast concrete; utilizing The masonry part of the mosque is oriented so the end wall is facing Mecca – the result of this is that all inner walls in the mosque either basalt as the aggregate to provide a dark gray/black appearance. The glass between the panels is detailed to appear as ice filled fissures in the rock. It Mecca or are perpendicular to Mecca. This part contains faces

the worship room, assembly facilities such as auditorium, classroom,

is conventional in structure conforming to insulation requirements but it is artistic in nature with colors referenced from glaciers. The floors are in and the office for the employees. library,

In the worship space, the most important room in the mosque,

contrast to the wall finish as they are polished concrete utilizing obsidian and pumice to provide a shiny smooth light appearance. All floors shall have

folding door to the west, be merged with the auditorium, creating an even larger room for special occasions. The auditorium can be entered from the lobby and is in close connection with the kitchen. Above the auditorium is the office, the classroom and the library which all can be reached from the lobby by stairs or elevator. The technical room is in the basement and can be reached from the lobby by stairs or elevator. Choice of material The materials are simple and selected in order to support the concept of the two building elements. The Rock is a masonry of greyish handmade tiles which, with a simple bond, is made to imitate the play in the surface of a rock. In relation to old Icelandic architectural style, the Landscape is designed in processed driftwood and the roof on the Rock is a sod roof. It is aimed for a clear contrast in materials in the transition from the mosque’s supporting facilities to its main facilities. This will support the visitor’s attention on the spatial shifts of the mosque.

hydronic heat. The linear structure is a juniper log construction above ground with a green roof composed of low maintenance locally sourced plants.

Construction

Both the masonry part and porting constructions. At its highest point, the ma part 10.5 metres. The basem panels. Area

It is aimed to create as little ting the most out of the are and eventful whole centre The total net area is 682 sqm The area for walls and circu

- With this project, it is desire mark and a unifying place will be to the benefit of the

The Lobby

MAIN CRITERIA: All programmatic requests have been met with a vision for the future. The total size of the building is slightly over 800 square meters using an efficient layout. The architecture is expressed by programmatic hierarchy and functional circulation.

SECTION B-B 1:200

SECTION A-A 1:200

Elevation south

Elevation vest 1:200

Elevation north 1:200

Groundfloor plan 1:200

Siteplan 1:500

B.

Suðurla

ndsbra

NATIVE

WATER

SKY

PURE

FIRE

HUMBLE

TIMELESS

CLEAR

NATURE

15.

6.

Arriving to the mosque

10. 14.

7.

The worship space

A.

Delivery/ Alternative handicap parking

A NEW MOSQUE IN REYKJAVIK Lobby 73 m2

A

1.

17.

ut

B

N

Sto 4m Handicap parking

Shoe storage 18 m2

Ablution 11 m2

A

Ablution 10 m2 Embalming 18 m2

Lift

Cloakroom 40 m2

The landsc

Restroom men

Focus on the task/challenges/goals 16.

This proposal seeks to design a modern, locally integrated mosque that rationally creates the best conditions for the Muslim community in Reykjavik with an expression that relates to Nordic design and Icelandic culture.

SITUATION PLAN 1:500

A.

N

A ECC

M

GROUND FLOOR 1:200 1. Worship space . . . . . . . . 200m²

B.

Authors

5.

3.

13.

10.

13.

4.

10. 10.

9.

11. 1.

SOUTH ELEVATION 1:200

Argo Arkitekter Ab Repslagargatan 11, 118 46 Stockholm 8.

Head architect: Jim Forsberg Architect SAR/MSA

12.

2.

NORTH ELEVATION 1:200

2. Assembly room . . . . . . . . 100m² 3. Storage for assembly room . . . 7m² 4. Kitchen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20m² 5. Storage for kitchen . . . . . . . . 7m² 6. Classroom . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30m² 7. Library . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45m² 8. Vestibule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5m² 9. Lobby . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104m² 10. Restrooms . . . . . . . . . . . . 42m² 11. Cloakroom . . . . . . . . . . . . 40m² 12. Shoe storage . . . . . . . . . . . 20m² 13. Ablution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23m² 14. Office . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20m² 15. Embalming. . . . . . . . . . . . 17m² 16. Technical room . . . . . . . . . . 40m² 17. Bonus area . . . . . . . . . . 40m²

ENTRANCE FLOOR 1:200

The mosque’s design is inspired by a simple motif. Rock in Landscape. It consists of two main parts; Delivery/ the Rock which is a made of bricks and Alternative appears monolithic, and thehandicap Landscape which is in wood and apparking pears transparent and plastic. The masonry part of the mosque is oriented so Lobby the end wall is facing 73 m2 Shoe Mecca – the result of this is that all inner walls in the mosque either storage 18 m2 faces Mecca or are perpendicular to Mecca. This part contains the worship room, assembly facilities such as auditorium, classroom, Lift library, and the office for the employees. Restroom menroom in the mosque, In the worship space, the most important

Authors Restroom women

Assemnly and conference hall 95 m2

mihrab is designed as a relief in the qibla wall. The wooden part surrounds the brick part and fills out the lot towards north in a way that a facade is created along Suðurlandsbraut. This part contains the common facilities as common entrance, vestibule, cloakroom, shoe storage, ablution facilities, restrooms, and the kitchen for serving the assembly space. The technical room is in the basement and can be reached from the lobby. Organisation

The mosque is organised so that all the main activities are located in the Rock and the supporting facilities areHandicap located in the Landscape parking in two wings that run from the lobby in the northwest corner. The Ablution north wing Ablution creates access to the worship space and contains the 11 m2 10 m2 facilities used in the connection with the use of the worship space. The west wingEmbalcontains the kitchen, the toilets and storage. ming Cloakroom 18 m2 40 m2entered through the ablution rooms and The worship space can be the embalming room or from the lobby. Additionally, it can, with a

folding door to the west, be merged with the auditorium, creating an even larger room for special occasions. Assemnly and Worship space The auditorium canRestroom be entered fromconference the lobby and is in close conwomen hall 194 m2 m2 nection with the kitchen. Above the95auditorium is the office, the classroom and the library which all can be reached from the lobby C by stairs or elevator. Kitchen 24 m2 The technical room is in the basement and can be reached from the lobby by stairs or elevator. Storage 7 m2

Choice of material

Storage 8 m2

Storage 8 m2

The materials are simple and selected in order to support the conStorage 4 m2 The Rock is a masonry of greyish cept of the two building elements. handmade tiles which, with a simple bond, isroom made to imitate the Technical B play in the surface of a rock. In relation 42 tom2old Icelandic architecturSuðurla the Landscape is designed in processed driftwood and the al style, ndsbra ut roof on the Rock is a sod roof. It is aimed for a clear contrast in materials in the transition from the 1th floor plan 1:200 mosque’s supporting facilities to its main facilities. This will support the visitor’s attention on the spatial shifts of the mosque.

Construction Both the masonry part and the wooden part will be built as self-supporting constructions. At its highest point, the masonry partCis 8.5 metres and the wooden part 10.5 metres. The basement is constructed in precast concrete panels. Area It is aimed to create as little walking area as possible, thereby getting the most out of the areas and at the same time create a close and eventful whole centred on the most important functions. The total net area is 682 sqm N The area for walls and circulation is 134 sqm - With this project, it is desired to create a meeting place, a trademark and a unifying place for the Muslim society in Reykjavik, which will be to the benefit of the entire city.

Worship space 194 m2

Basement plan 1:200 Kitchen 24 m2 Storage 7 m2

Delivery/ Alternative handicap parking

Storage 8 m2

Storage 4 m2

Storage 8 m2

Studio Kjems-Möller Denmark

Lobby 73 m2

Shoe storage 18 m2

17499

Library 44 m2 Ablution 11 m2

Author: Simon Kjems-Möller

Restroom men

Restroom women

Embalming 18 m2

N

Technical room 42 m2

Office 18 m2

Worship space 194 m2

Elevation south 1:200

Elevation vest 1:200 Storage 7 m2

17499

Cloakroom 40 m2

Class room 30 m2

Assemnly and conference hall 95 m2

Kitchen 24 m2

Elevation north 1:200

Handicap parking

Ablution 10 m2

Lift

Participating Architects: Dubravko Novak architect, Christian Brantner architect, Manuel Sancho architect, Luis-Filip Rocha architect, Viktor Ekemark architect.

Design/concept

Suðthe end wall is staged by a large skylight that marks the direction urlands braut towards Mecca. Located at the end wall is the minbar and the

Storage 8 m2

Storage 8 m2

Library 44 m2

+ 10,0 m Office 18 m2

+ 8,5 m

N Class room 30 m2

Groundfloor plan 1:200

Siteplan 1:500

Section AA 1:200

Suðurla

ndsbrau

t

Section BB 1:200


22 - 19020

Proposal 23 - 19881

“MIRAGE” is a notable and original object in the landscape. A traditional mosque is transformed into reduced shapes which generate a building. A forest of pillars surrounds the building and illuminates it. The approach is very

The proposal consists of two elements, a concrete wall in the shape of a square following the direction of the surroundings and a lighter modular grid structure angled towards Mecca. In between the two structures there are series of small gardens for recreation and filtering daylight to the various functions within. The concept with the

interesting and original, the overlap of the floorplan, the forest and the green areas. Several interesting spaces are within the building, but, the pillar forest is very dominant in the project and did not convince the jury.

surrounding walls gives some mystique to the Mosque as well as reducing noise from the nearby highway. The program is distributed over three stories which means that every visitor to the worship area will first have to visit the basement for ablution. A simple and clear concept, logically solved but with some functional problems.

Perspective from the interior street

Roof

Connection from the main entrance to the green areas in the back

Green areas pierce the first floor plate

Worship space inside of the pillars forest, it marks the direction to the Qibla

Bird’s eye view

Perspective from the interior street

View of the arrival from Suðurlandsbraut

CULTURAL ENCOUNTER

Structure

/ New Reykjavik Mosque Connection from the main entrance to the green areas in the back

Green areas pierce the first floor plate

Worship space inside of the pillars forest, it marks the direction to the Qibla

Qibla orientation

Qibla orientation

Bird’s eye view

The New Reykjavik Mosque is a place of cultural encounter, embedded in the city as a rock in the landscape. With reference to the traditional mosque, a perimeter wall encloses a forest of pillars, creating a 0 of1possibilities. flowing and continuous space. A field The transition between outside and inside softened by a refined material palette and the greenery of inner courtyards.

Qibla orientation

Authors

Authors

Qibla orientation

Bang! Arkitekter + Partners Names: Nicolas Jury, Carlos Costa, Tomas Mascaro

The outer wall draws a square aligned with Suðurlandsbraut, while the inner structure aligns with the Qibla. The twist within the building creates pockets of reclaimed nature and emphasizes the visitor’s movement into a space of a further perspective - that of Mecca. The displacements of body and mind become inscribed as the concept. The shifted wall becomes the compass of navigation between site and aim. 0 1

Qibla orientation

Cultural Encounter

While the shape and structure of the mosque have their impetus in the topographical relation between the site and the direction of Mecca, the characteristic appearance of the mosque relates the building to its environment - the city and the cultural landscape of Iceland.

the recognizable. A symbol of the encounter. The outer wall is cast in concrete, at the same time referring to the geometrical clarity of the volcanic formations of basalt rock and utilizing the materials used extensively for constructions in Iceland. It is cast in place against corrugated sheets, thus inscribing it in the Icelandic built environment, adding weight to its expression in both materiality and tactility. The wall protects the building from the noise of the surrounding main roads. It encloses the peripheral courtyards and shields them from gusty winds. It creates a space of apparent remoteness and reassurance, while its large openings, apparently cleaving the rock, still allow glimpses of its insides. The openings are abstract cuts, adding a fabric-like lightness to the wall, as of a curtain draping the structure within. Its inside is clad with tiles or mosaic to create an atmosphere of vibrance, in effect adorning the inner spaces of the mosque. Qibla orientation

upon entering through the peripheral wall, while letting in the daylight from all sides. The inner structure is characterized by a functional approach, yet softened by the use of light and warm materials that lend clarity to the space and add purity in light and atmosphere. Consistent views to the courtyards become the backdrop, creating protected spaces within the mosque. A place of autonomy for worship and meditation. A space for reflection. Light and with a generous outlook, yet comfortably nestled in the landscape and within the city. Though compact and centralized, the building opens up in all directions. Pivoting partitions, folding screens and sliding doors however create a hierarchy of filters, that can obstruct views and ensure more intimate zones of privacy. They too dissolve transitions between the worship area, the auditorium and other spaces, making a variety of combined uses possible.

Authors: Sören Aagaard (Registered), Frida Sundback, Michael Lynge Jensen, Sebastian Faurschou.

With reference to the Icelandic geology and the character of its landscape, the building resembles a rock. An autonomous object embedded in the original - the Icelandic nature and characteristic landscape. Perhaps foreign in image, yet integrated in shape and material. The composed image of the foreign within

Encountering the building at its entrances allow deeper views into the lighter structure within. The modular repetition of columns, in their verticality resembling a forest, creates a deep perspective through a field of structural members, screens of varying density and natural light filtered through skylights and the greenery of the courtyards. The glass enveloping the space creates a play of reflections and visual connections. It opens up the building to the visitor

The open plan makes way for an eternally adjustable accommodation and furnishing. The mosque can be used in a thousand and one ways, truly making it the center of a community and an ideal place for all kinds of congregational and cultural activities, events and daily life. A house of contemplation and cultural encounter.

Wall

Direction Mecca

Central courtyard

TRADITIONAL MOSQUE


Proposal 24 - 21583 “Spiritual Simplicity”, an interesting approach to the implementation on the site, based on a study of Islamic architecture. The floor plans offer long corridors and an uneven flow, although the arrangement of the rooms is

Proposal 25 - 22058 logical. The windows on the roof are questionable due to size and technical implementation. The exterior of the building seems a bit chaotic due to selection of different types of cladding.

The proposed building is modest and designed in a minimalist approach. The author hopes it will fit well in the surroundings as time passes. There is a lower part of the complex following the geometry of the plot, and a higher volume housing the prayer room,

oriented towards Mecca. Different slots and skylights are further pointing the direction to Mecca. The Assembly hall is not connected to the prayer room and the parking solution does not fulfill the requirements.

Authors

Authors

Wasan Abod

Ölver Þórarinsson In association with VI-Architects


Proposal 26 - 22888

Proposal 27 - 25524

The building consists of vertical layers with sloping roofs, used as terraces. It is an interesting approach, but unfortunately it does not seem to be thought through. Parking is solved

Like most projects in the competition this one plays with the directions to Mecca and the direction of the plot boundaries. 1 The entrance side of the building is protected by a semi transparent wall creating a friendly garden space before entering the building. ToQIBLA the wall south there’s MINARET tower

underground. The arrangement of rooms and flow through the building is interesting in the floor plan, but are not convincing when extruded.

another nice outdoor space connected to the assembly hall through generous windows. Program is distributed on The new Mosque Reykjaviksolved is looking for its ideals in the Islamic historical three floors and parking isof not tradition and the Icelandic nature. The building rises itself adapted to the surroundings but appearsThe strong bysemi its own full identity. according to the regulations. The volume of the qibla appears from the mix of the two main conceptual transparent middle zone is interesting elements in a mosque: the qibla wall and the minaret tower. The result is a landmark as wide as the qibla and as tall as the minaret. This narrow volume regarding connection to the site. of 20 m2, raises almost perpendicular to the the motorway from where the MINARET-QIBLA LANDMARK

MOSQUE

view of the Mosque will stand out and be highly visible. (1)

The geometry of the building starts from 2 formal requirements in the project: the  qibla  direction and the street direction from Reykjavik´s urban pattern. The program, solved in 2 stores and a basement for the parking, organises in bands parallel to the qibla containing the different functions. In the street level, through the lobby, and crossing the ablution, the Worship appears being the qibla the Þnal end.

IN REYKJAVÍK

MOSQUE

2

The auditorium, kitchen and a vestibule are in the second level with access to the terrace. The auditorium has a clear visual and physical relation to the worship.

IN REYKJAVÍK

The parking place is under the main body of the building and related to the rest of levels by a lift and a staircase, that allows loading and unloading for the kitchen and the embalming room, even though a direct driving connexion to the embalming is also possible. After applying the different needs of high from the program, the result is a dynamic volume, that reminiscences the organic Icelandic nature in its mountain shape. (2) A walk along the roofs leads you up towards the upper part of the qibla, where a quiet place is inviting to pray out in the nature. (3) The geometry of the curved roofs are part of big circles. (4)

3

Su

∂u

rla

nd

sb

The facade of the building is designed with layers made of different materials and textures. The internal part of the facade will be built with lava coloured concrete and the external part will be like a hijab, a net with decorative motives inspired in the Islam geometry, made of corten steel. SITE PLAN 1:500 The high, wide and narrow volume of the qibla is made with only two layers of this metallic net connected by a steel structure and containing a staircase. The overall concept is a building that combines two directions, each of which mass. The transparent front wall serves as an entrance to an external courtrepresents its two main emphasizes. This The „quibla“, the directionthe towards Mecca, effect yard, before internal spacebecomes of the Mosque, thus creating a smooth produces “moiré” andentering this thelandmark dynamic and transition between the street and the Mosque, society and religion. represents the spiritual site of worship. The other is the direction of the street, belonging to the local infrastructure. A third direction is the verticalof line the towardsmosque from the motorway. The same effect is gives presence the sky, connecting us to the vast universe with the minaret and concentrated GROUND FLOOR in the rest of the The building between thehighgeometric nets and entrance lobby is a two storey space with an extensive rooflightthe in the openings of daylight in the roof of theproduced Mosque. ceiling. It forms a whole with the assembly hall and the outdoor space on the reþection made on the concrete Sovisually you connected can see alllibrary the and facades in southand side asglass. well as being to the the classroom THE GENERAL LAYOUT The main motivation of the project is to promote collective prayers together with on the upper level. A shoe storage is located near the ablution that leads one movement whenandyou arrive cycling or driving. cultural activity under the banner of Islam. Worship, education social activi- walking, into the worship room. Stairs and elevator(5) are located at either side of a cor-

ra

ut

ties are therefore grouped together in a solid building mass, oriented towards ridoor where the „quibla“, direction towards Mecca, guides one visually into the Mecca. This includes worship area, shoe storage, ablution and assembly hall worship room. The Þltered sun light from this volume, will enter through and produce light together with lobby on the ground floor while library, classroom and office are WORSHIP ROOM located on the second floor. effects on the qibla and the þoor of the Worship. A closeness to the Quibla and intimacy with the spiritual aspect of the Mosque An important motivation is to create a Mosque in harmony with its environment. is encouraged by the spatial layout of the worship room. The space is the heart of the Mosque, which is illustrated ceiling height and concentrated openings This is illustrated in a lower, semi-transparent parallel to the patterns street on Stonemass þoors with and natural carpets willinbe the þooring materials. the north side. Secondary functions such as kitchen, storages and cloakroom for daylight. are located, together with embalming,The at the Interior west side of climate this semi-transparent will be controlled in a hight sustainable way, by radiant

F

G

An important motivation is to create a Mosque in harmony with its environment. This is illustrated in a lower, semi-transparent mass parallel to the street on the north side. Secondary functions such as kitchen, storages and cloakroom are located, together with embalming, at the west side of this semi-transparent

G

Authors

F

WORSHIP ROOM A closeness to the Quibla and intimacy with the spiritual aspect of the Mosque is encouraged by the spatial layout of the worship room. The space is the heart of the Mosque, which is illustrated in ceiling height and concentrated openings for daylight.

E

1ST FLOOR The library, the classroom and the office promote peaceful atmosphere for learning and working. This is created with a small vegitated lightwell, bringing daylight into the room, and an ecological grass roof, that can be viewed through small windows in the library. ACCESSIBILITY Parking spaces are located at the front of the building, two of which are allocated for disabled people. A small road is proposed at the west of the building thus providing access to the kitchen and the embalming.

C B

THE MOSQUE AND THE SURROUNDINGS The spatial layout of the Mosque aims at creating a dialogue between the building and its surroundings, a dialogue between religion and society in time and space. SIZES gross area m2 1st floor 130 m2 Groundfloor 520 m2 Basement floor 135 m2 Total 785 m2

4

A

society meets spiritual site of worship, creating a synthesis of directions.

C

B

F

labr C

G

aut

Authors

A

D

FUNCTIONS

E

primary/spiritual functions perpendicular to mekka, secondary/practical functions perpendicular to society.

1ST FLOOR PLAN 1:200

CONCEPT

SECTION AA

SECTION EE

VA-Vinnustofa arkitekta Borgartúni 6, 105 Reykjavík

Sanz Casas architect, Mario Galindo Arévalo designer, Arkspai 2G architectural office

Authors: Bjarki Gunnar Halldórsson, Helena Björgvinsdóttir, Magdalena Sigurðardóttir, Me

society meets spiritual site of worship, creating a synthesis of directions.

cca

C

Ólafur Óskar Axelsson.

B

A

REFERENCES

Icelandic landscape

G

Islamic Traditional architecture

1ST FLOOR PLAN 1:200

D E

SECTION BB

90º

B

F

SECTION AA

SECTION DD

Team: Cristina Gomez Garcia, team director and architect registered in COAC. Magali Spain

CONCEPT

A

Mik

D

ACCESSIBILITY Parking spaces are located at the front of the bu are allocated for disabled people. A small road is of the building thus providing access to the kitche ing.

D

E

BUILDING MATERIALS In situ concrete and timber are the main building materials, a natural choice derived from the pure form of the Mosque, conceived as a frame for the religion of Islam. A wall made of timber patterns, referring to symbolic themes of Islam, defines the stairwell.

la

GROUND FLOOR The entrance lobby is a two storey high space with an extensive rooflight in the ceiling. It forms a whole with the assembly hall and the outdoor space on the south side as well as being visually connected to the library and the classroom on the upper level. A shoe storage is located near the ablution that leads one into the worship room. Stairs and elevator are located at either side of a corridoor where the „quibla“, direction towards Mecca, guides one visually into the worship room.

ASSEMBLY HALL The assembly hall is located next to the worship room, thus making possible an opening between these two spaces. The auditorium can be opened to a green and sunny public park.

Qib

THE GENERAL LAYOUT The main motivation of the project is to promote collective prayers together with cultural activity under the banner of Islam. Worship, education and social activities are therefore grouped together in a solid building mass, oriented towards Mecca. This includes worship area, shoe storage, ablution and assembly hall together with lobby on the ground floor while library, classroom and office are located on the second floor.

mass. The transparent front wall serves as an entrance to an external courtyard, before entering the internal space of the Mosque, thus creating a smooth transition between the street and the Mosque, society and religion.

apro x.

The overall concept is a building that combines two directions, each of which represents its two main emphasizes. The „quibla“, the direction towards Mecca, represents the spiritual site of worship. The other is the direction of the street, belonging to the local infrastructure. A third direction is the vertical line towards the sky, connecting us to the vast universe with the minaret and concentrated openings of daylight in the roof of the Mosque.

1ST FLOOR The library, the classroom and the office promote phere for learning and working. This is created w lightwell, bringing daylight into the room, and an that can be viewed through small windows in the

underþoor complemented with an efÞcient system of natural renovation of air and humidity control.

the mosque seen from the street

SITE PLAN 1:500

the mosque seen from the stre ASSEMBLY HALL The assembly hall is located next to the worship possible an opening between these two spaces. be opened to a green and sunny public park.

FUNCTIONS

primary/spiritual functions perpendicular to mekka, secondary/practical functions perpendicular to society.

SECTION BB

SECTION FF

N COMPETITION FOR DESIGNING A MOSQUE IN REYKJAVIK · SITE PLAN. SCALE: 1/500

25524

ESQU


Proposal 28 - 27270 The building consists of several small white domes with patterns on the exteriors. Each function has its dome and they are connected with each other. Parking is underground, as well

Proposal 29 - 27635 as the restrooms and embalming area, which is not a practical solution. The organisational flow on the ground floor is good.

The new Mosque is formed as a big concrete rock aligned with the geometry of the plot boundary, and with the program distributed over three floors. A circular wooden structure is inserted in the center, containing the prayer hall with a beautifully formed skylight. Entrances

are located both to north and south. A giant ramp spirals down to the lowest floor with the auditorium and worship. A concise and consequent solution, with well articulated spaces. The proposal is one of the largest and parking is not solved.

Authors

Authors

biographica Architecture for the person, Barraca 127-17 Valencia 46011 Spain

Imago â&#x20AC;&#x201C; atelier de arquitectura e engenharia, Lda, Portugal

Eduardo FernĂĄndez-Moscoso Dipl.Architect, MS.AAD

Partners: Andre de Moura Leitao Cerejeira Fontes, Antonio Jorge de Moura Leitao Cerejeira Fontes, Francisco Andre Faria de Oliveira, Thomas Giatzidis, Benjamin Alstrup Velure, Joao Jose Santos.


This Mosque seeks to incorporate several seem necessary for a successful religious building, a sustainable and affordable. The aims and them are the following:

Proposal 30 - 28034 The building in its shape, material and appearance seems as a foreign object and is not well connected to its environment. Parking is not solved

1: Creating a perceivable doorstep betwee purposes, and the sacred, holy space. It is imp that makes these two distinguishable, compar monumental space of worship with the accom the offices, classroom and library.

Proposal 31 - 28180 according to regulation. Arrangement of embalming in the corner beside the restrooms is questionable.

An original proposal with curved concrete walls and a characteristic vaulted roof giving the new Mosque a unique appearance. The program is organised along a central hall with a stairway to a first floor with library, classroom and Reykjavik Mosque

office space. The spaces are introvert and the assembly hall could have been opened to the south with a nice outdoor space. The site plan is schematic and it is hard to judge the parking solution.

2: A Mosque seeks to juggle the need for a and worship with the room to come together a provide a break from the outside world to allo faith, yet embrace worship as a community.

3: As a building, the Mosque stands as the Muslim Community in Reykjavik, and therefo need to merge high aesthetics with being part as architecture it is required to provide a warm for visitors from within the community, the co

Site Plan

This Mosque seeks to incorporate several seemingly opposing qualities necessary for a successful religious building, along with the need to be sustainable and affordable. The aims and themes addressed in this proposal are the following: 1: Creating a perceivable doorstep between ‘normal’ space, for everyday purposes, and the sacred, holy space. It is important to create an atmosphere that makes these two distinguishable, comparing the more pronounced, monumental space of worship with the accommodating, practical space of the offices, classroom and library.

The design of the mosque centres around the arrange ment of the spaces required. ‘A’ shows the total allotted space. The area is then divided by function, and joine by the adding of th Central Hall that binds the different parts together.

A.

1:500

N

Mecca

2: A Mosque seeks to juggle the need for a introspective space of peace and worship with the room to come together as a community. It needs to provide a break from the outside world to allow a personal dialogue with faith, yet embrace worship as a community.

B.

This central hall, seen in the top-left corner of the sheet runs throughout the building, letting in natural light at both ends and from above, creating a well-lit focal point for gathering.

A

3: As a building, the Mosque stands as the visible monument of the Muslim Community in Reykjavik, and therefore it’s architectural qualities need to merge high aesthetics with being part of a wider landscape. Further, B as architecture it is required to provide a warm, functional welcoming space for visitors from within the community, the country and from abroad.

C

C.

The design of the Ground mosque centres around the arrangeFloor ment of the spaces 1:200 required. ‘A’ shows the total allotted space. The area is then divided by function, and joined by the adding of the Central Hall that binds the different together.relationship to light has been The parts building’s

A.

3: 18 m2

5: 21 m2 because 4: 26 m2 prioritised of the associated religious symbolism and importance to the religious calender, This central hall, as well fortop-left aesthetic and sustainability Areasons. seenas in the

A

1: 213 m2

The the design creates building, letting several openings in the structure, carefully positioned to match thelight Icelandic sun-cycle. This means that as the sun passes over in natural at both it ends andas from the sky will often as possible illuminate the interior.

C

C.

3: 18 m2

above, creating a well-lit focal point

The for concave ceiling of the prayer-hall serves to reflect the low sun of gathering. winter, which will colour the roof of the mosque creating 6: 30 m2 a beautifully ambiance.

The Prayer Hall The Hall aims to be a place of solemn weight, with the illuminated qibla (A) and Mihrab (B). The south wall has a retractable panel wall (C) that can connect it to the Assembly room. This proposal has not included a minaret, similarly to other examples in Nordic countries. However, if desired it could be included at little additional construction cost, and at no conflict with the existing plan

The building’s relationship to light has been prioritised because of the associated religious symbolism and importance to the religious calender, as well as for aesthetic and sustainability reasons. The design creates several openings in the structure, carefully positioned to match the Icelandic sun-cycle. This means that as the sun passes over the sky it will as often as possible illuminate the interior. The concave ceiling of the prayer-hall serves to reflect the low sun of winter, which will colour the roof of the mosque creating a beautifully ambiance. The light also shines in the middle of the day on the qibla, making the Mihrab more prominent.

Authors

The building features thick concrete walls that have good insulation properties. Despite some prominent windows, there is a relatively low amount of window space, preventing heat loss.

The light also shines in the middle of the day on the qibla, making the Mihrab more prominent. 6: 30 m2

?

7: 26 m2

8: 9 m2

9: 8 m2

Authors

This proposal12:has not 14: 7 m2 10 m2 included a minaret, similarly to other examples in Nordic countries. However, if desired it could be included at little11:additional 30 m2 construction cost, and at no conflict with the existing plan

The building features thick concrete walls that have good insulation properties. Despite some prominent windows, there is a relatively low amount of window space, preventing heat loss.

10: 43 m2

?

2: 105 m2

The building will have strong thermal qualities, as the thick interior walls will absorb heat from the sun throughout the day during summer and release the heat naturally past sunset. It will be easily ventilated due high-sitting windows, and, due its insulation, easily heated. N

B

Basement 1:200

ca ec

M

C

15: 43 m2

In planning the area of the Mosque, we have found it necessary to slightly change some of the area requirements for the different spaces. We have had to increase the size of the toilets to fit the necessary number of cubicles, and decreased the size of the cloakroom, as we think that it will be possible to fit necessary amount of coats in a smaller area. This can be re-adjusted should it be needed. We suggest the disabled toilet is merged with the staff toilet. In order to avoid a very long queue on religious holidays, we have increased the size of the ablution space.

The building will have strong thermal qualities, as the thick interior walls will absorb heat from the sun throughout the day during summer and release the heat naturally past sunset. It will be easily ventilated due high-sitting windows, and, due its insulation, easily heated.

13: 28 m2

A

corner of the sheet, runs throughout

B

1:200

la Qib

B.

1st Floor TheParking Prayer Hall The Hall aims to be a place of C solemn weight, with the illuminated qibla (A) and Mihrab (B). The south wall has a retractable panel wall (C) that can connect it to the Assembly room.

B

The building has a total floor space of 890 m2, and a foot print of 749 m2.

1: 2: 3: 4: 5: 6: 7: 8:

Worship space Assembly room Ablution Reception desk/ Cloak room Embalming Toilets Kitchen Assembly room storage

9: 10: 11: 12: 13: 14: 15:

Kitchen storage Library Classroom Imam Office Conference room/ Staff room Staff toilet Technical Room

F B

Silvia Las Heras, Arkitekt SAR/MSA, Stockholm

Konrad Holtsmark

A

D

F B A

C

North Elevation

E

West Elevation

C D

E

Section AA through the prayer hall (A) shows the gradual incline of the concave roof, giving a natural momentum to the qibla (B). The central hall (C) separates the more everyday spaces in the building; the cloak-room (D), the Embalming room (E) and the staff room (F). Section AA through the prayer hall (A) shows the gradual incline of the concave roof, giving a natural momentum to the qibla (B). The central hall (C) separates the more everyday spaces in the building; the cloak-room (D), the Embalming room (E) and the staff room (F).

South Elevation

East Elevation

Proposal Nr. 28180


Proposal 32 - 29550

Proposal 33 - 32058

A humble building in the environment. The form is sculptural and the facades consist of in situ concrete and the roofs are green. The floor plans are well solved. The spaces are interesting regarding

An L-shaped building following the geometry of the site towards the North, with an angled south side aligning the prayer hall towards Mecca. A nice patio is situated between the L and the Prayer hall, clearly visible from the entrance.

light design, but overall the building is rather closed and has heavy features. An interesting approach but the minimalistic presentation made it hard to convince the non professional part of the jury.

Two rather small spiral staircases and an elevator connect the main floor with the library, classroom and office space on the first floor. Parking is solved in the basement.

View of the new Mosque from Miklabraut

Mosque, Reykjavik The design of the mosque reflects important values of the religion itself as respect, purity and spirituality. As a building, the mosque is not only a mere place to pray or worship, it should be also considered as a place for learning, for resting, as a meeting place and for social gathering. That makes it the most important building for representing an entire society. The project site is located in a green landscape that is separated from the surrounding suburban communities by a busy highway. The landscape is one of the key elements to keep the privacy and silence inside the building, which blends in with the topography and lies 1.5 meters below the ground level. The nature has a prevalent role in the project, reflecting the importance that it has in the religion, as a gift of God. As one moves through the landscape, along the slope at the entrance and in between the walls to enter the mosque, the whole world outside is left behind. The minaret is a pure pyramidal shape, around 15 meters tall, as it should be recognized from far as an landmark.After the entrance, in the lobby, is already clear that one has entered in another space, where the neutrality and the purity of the building and its materials permit to the people to prepare themselves for the spirituality and the ritual in silence and respect. The roughness of the concrete walls reveals the contrast between the human crafts compared to the perfection of the religious act.

The height of the main spaces reminds men of their impurity and their smallness, leading them to search their necessary relation with their own spirituality, either in their intimacy or together, as a community. The interior of the mosque, like a simple cave, becomes a dramatic and awe inspiring place to pray and be alone with God. The spaces are organized following the ritual circulation. From the lobby to the shoe storage and the cloakroom, then to the reserved space for ablution, where the Wudu can start as a preparation for praying. Other services, like the toilets, are located in order to follow the right ritual preparation, as their use should brake the Wudu ritual itself. At the entrance of the worship space, a small wall hides the entire space, and creates two different fluxes, for men and women, on different sides. This unique dramatic space permits to gather all the people for praying, in their intimacy or as a community. The entire massive structure is just a neutral canvas for the light coming inside from the top and from the Qibla, that stimulates the meditation and evoke the ritual atmosphere, as well as the pure essence of the religious space. The mihrab, the most important element of a mosque, has been designed as a simple vertical line, transparent to the light. Any kind of decoration has been left aside, only the light rules in this space.

Abstract

IslamicPattern Openings

Qibla

Plot

Authors

Excavation

Authors

View of the library and open space on the first floor

View of the main entrance into the Mosque from Suðurlandsbraut

De Guio Syvertsen Arkitekter, Kristiansand

Bardakhanova Champkins Moscow 2 9 5 architects, 5 0

Henrik Ceccaroli Syvertsen

Nicholas Champkins RIBA

A contemporary Mosque should be much more than a rigid container for congregational prayer and can become a multi-use environment for a wider community as an important part of an ever-decreasing public realm. Significantly such a building can be the material manifestation of identity and cultural meaning and the brief presents an exciting opportunity to shun explicit design languages (minarets for example) for more nuanced and confident design proposals. In this way the Mosque can nurture relationships with the neighbouring and future context to create a genuine and rich piece of townscape while also representing a progressive Muslim place for worship and cultural activities.

activities. The library is open plan in layout and has an informal relationship to the sedum planted external spaces through large windows with blackout blinds. The prayer hall and auditorium are spatially separated and organised by two ‘drum’ like columns with sliding acoustic screens either side to allow a variety of configurations. A small servery and kitchen is located to the rear with its own access. The main assembly spaces at ground floor open directly to the entrance hall and ancillary functions via large butterfly doors within a timber lining that gently ‘scallops’ to follow the window openings above and create smaller niche like spaces. Above, delicately folded and filigree curtains within the central glass volume are illuminated by an elegant pendant light that brings character to the space in parallel to reinforcing the identity of the Mosque at night.

Participants: Andrea De Guio, Anton Kolesnikov, Orsolya Vadasz, Sara Ambrus, Blanka Borbely.

Arranged over two floors (+ basement car parking) the massing of the building responds to the prominent site while also framing views through and between the key elements of the programme and to the sheltered courtyard to create an open and inviting form. Furthermore the identity of the building is defined by the volumes that are contained, clearly civic in character, rather than explicit iconography. The brief requires the creation of two large and flexible spaces for congregational prayer and cultural activities to which we have added a third, more informal set spaces at first floor level, physically linked by spiral stairs or spatially

The finely articulated facades are formed by richly veined Icelandic grey marble punctuated by a ribbon of recessed white medallions and large metal framed glazed openings. Internally the material language is one of robust simplicity with waxed or stained oak joinery and linings. All spaces throughout are accessible to the disabled with dedicated toilets and careful material choice to aid navigation. The basement level holds technical spaces, including rainwater storage tanks, ground source heat pumps and other

bus stop

Suðurlandsbraut

main entrance

disabled parking spaces

entrance to basemen

courtyard


Proposal 34 - 32435

Proposal 35 - 36369

“The White Mosque” consists of two objects, the religious space: A white sculpture rising towards the sky and the auxiliary functions: A lower building cladded with bricks. The building is subtle in the landscape, poetically simple. The presentation is very aesthetic, although the main perspective shows a more sloping landscape than it really

A sculptural proposal with inclining concrete walls and dramatic skylights creates a strong presence of the new Mosque. The whole park area has been formed with retaining walls and dramatised. The building is shaped as a composition of geometrical forms. The prayer hall is rectangular,

is. Parking is solved underground. The internal organization works well, except embalming has no direct entrance from the exterior and ablution is in the corner and one has to walk back to go to the worship room. Overall a sculptural and poetic approach, which works functionally.

oriented towards Mecca, the ablution spaces are triangular and a great cylinder shape contains the rest of the program distributed over three floors. Parking is solved in the basement. The transformation of references to Icelandic building traditions is interesting, but not convincing.

The lobby relates to the park through the translucent brick facade

The lobby relates to the park through the translucent brick facade

0m

0m

5m

10m

15m

20m

25m

N

5m

10m

15m

20m

25m

N

Q

Site plan / 1:500

Q

The lobby with ablution as a leitmotif

The lobby with ablution as a leitmotif

Site plan / 1:500

The interior of the prayer room as seen from the assembly hall 200m2

Assembly

110m2

Storage

12m2

Kitchen

33m2

7

Library

48m2

8 9

Vestibule Reception Restrooms

11

Cloakroom

The interior of the prayer room as seen from the assembly hall

21m2

Storage Classroom

10

7m2

4m2 83m2 36m2 40m2

12

Shoe storage

15m2

13

Ablution

21m2

14

Office

18m2

THE WHITE MOSQUE

e believe that architecture is a product of society. It translates society’s

context, light is considered as something very precious, while in Islam the notion

values, ideals and attitudes into built form. Therefore, building a mosque in Iceland

of light relates to a divine presence, as such light performs as an instigator within

15

Balming

14m2

16

Hallway

11m2

17

Technical space

40m2

18

Entry

3m2

is an ambitious assignment. The mosque through its architecture should portray the

our project. A worshipper may see the sky as the light from north softly illuminates

intertwining relationship between Islam and the local culture: instead of importing

the interior. The hidden wall openings facing south channel indirect light, creating a

outdated orientalist models, the new mosque should propose a spatiality that builds upon

divine experience, as the light source is obscured. The numerous candle-like lamps

20

Storage

15m2

both Nordic ideals and Islamic religiousness and spirituality. Our «White Mosque» is

are suspended from the roof giving a sense of the descending sky. In addition, the

21

16x parking

393m2

simple and prudent in its form, yet it creates sacredness through an intricate flow of

big window at the classroom-library-assembly wall provides a direct view from the

22

spaces as it catches the softness of Nordic light. Reykjavik’s «White Mosque» is a true

outside conveying the importance of knowledge and learning within Islam to the

Icelandic mosque.

outside public.

Authors W

32435

The main volume is a white polished concrete shell that ascends in the direction of

Adjacent to the main white volume is the lava-brick volume with auxiliary functions

Qibla. It houses worship space, balming space, assembly hall, library and classroom,

such as entrance, lobby with cloakroom, office, kitchen and restrooms. In its junction

and as such, it highlights the mosque’s two complementary roles: its performance as

with the worship space, the ablution facilities are placed as a leitmotif visible from

a social place and a place of religious congregation. By gathering these activities in

the lobby. On the roof, Icelandic nature is brought in. We suggest the Garden of Eden,

one volume, we accentuate the relationship between sacral space where one cultivates

a green roof covered with self-maintaining local vegetation, visible both from the

one’s relationship to God and every-day civic spaces where people meet, discuss and

worship space and the outside surrounding context.

e believe that architecture is a product of society. It translates society’s

disseminate the knowledge and the matter of religion.

19

Hallway

22m2

Bicylcles

90m2

GROUND FL. TOTAL:

674m2

BASEMENT TOTAL:

79m2

BASEMENT

W

Worship space

5 6

FLOOR AREA TOTAL: 753m2

PARKING TOTAL:

483m2

Plan - ground floor / 1:200

FOOTPRINT AREA: 761m2

context, light is considered as something very precious, while in Islam the notion

We have chosen not to propose a minaret as a part of our design. Rather, we reassign

of light relates values,Theideals attitudes form. Therefore, a realm mosque Iceland its symbolic as a localin landmark to the white ascending roof of the mosque –to a divine presence, as such light performs as an instigator within worship and space is geometricallyinto formedbuilt yet spatially differentiated offering building multiple scenarios for salāt ceremony with few, some and many worshipers. Upon

drawing on the analogy that during the lifetime of prophet Muhammed the call for

our project. A worshipper may see the sky as the light from north softly illuminates is an ambitious assignment. The mosque through its architecture should portray the prayer was given from the roof of his house in Medina. In the context of Reykjavik entering it, one passes by the balming room, evoking the ephemeral nature of human’s

Malarchitecture as Norway

«White Mosque» will perform as a discreet landmark, being strong in its presence yet earthly existence. The worship space offers a sacral atmosphere, enhanced by the play the interior. The hidden wall openings facing south channel indirect light, creating a intertwining relationship between Islam and the local culture: instead of importing of direct and indirect daylight and suspended candle-like lamps. Within the Nordic

apologetic to its surroundings.

1

Worship space

200m2

2

Assembly

110m2

3

Storage

12m2

4

Kitchen

21m2

5

Storage

6

Classroom

33m2

7

Library

48m2

8

Vestibule

4m2

9

Reception

83m2

10

Restrooms

36m2

7m2

11

Cloakroom

12

Shoe storage

15m2

13

Ablution

21m2

14

40m2

Office

18m2

Balming

14m2

16

Hallway

11m2

17

Technical space

40m2

15

18 19

Entry Hallway

3m2 22m2

outdated orientalist models, the new mosque should propose a spatiality that builds upon

divine experience, as the light source is obscured. The numerous candle-like lamps

20

Storage

15m2

both Nordic ideals and Islamic religiousness and spirituality. Our «White Mosque» is

are suspended from the roof giving a sense of the descending sky. In addition, the

21

16x parking

393m2

simple and prudent in its form, yet it creates sacredness through an intricate flow of

big window at the classroom-library-assembly wall provides a direct view from the

22

Bicylcles

90m2

spaces as it catches the softness of Nordic light. Reykjavik’s «White Mosque» is a true

outside conveying the importance of knowledge and learning within Islam to the

Icelandic mosque.

outside public.

The main volume is a white polished concrete shell that ascends in the direction of

Grohmann Gmbh.

Adjacent to the main white volume is the lava-brick volume with auxiliary functions

Qibla. It houses worship space, balming space, assembly hall, library and classroom,

such as entrance, lobby with cloakroom, office, kitchen and restrooms. In its junction

and as such, it highlights the mosque’s two complementary roles: its performance as

with the worship space, the ablution facilities are placed as a leitmotif visible from

a social place and a place of religious congregation. By gathering these activities in

the lobby. On the roof, Icelandic nature is brought in. We suggest the Garden of Eden,

one volume, we accentuate the relationship between sacral space where one cultivates

a green roof covered with self-maintaining local vegetation, visible both from the

one’s relationship to God and every-day civic spaces where people meet, discuss and

worship space and the outside surrounding context.

Section A-A / 1:200

GROUND FLOOR

32435

4

Authors 0m

Plan - basement / 1:200

BASEMENT

2 3

GROUND FLOOR

1

THE WHITE MOSQUE

Mirza Mujezinovic, M.Sc.AAD, MNAL, Anders Sletbak M.Arch., Jonas Löland Arch.Stud.

2m

4m

6m

8m

10m

N

Q

Arkitektfirma Hoem + Folstad Norway Section B-B / 1:200

32435

Advisors: Structural engineering Florian Koche dipl. Ing., Florian Koche AS, Bollinger

disseminate the knowledge and the matter of religion. We have chosen not to propose a minaret as a part of our design. Rather, we reassign The worship space is geometrically formed yet spatially differentiated offering

its symbolic realm as a local landmark to the white ascending roof of the mosque –

multiple scenarios for salāt ceremony with few, some and many worshipers. Upon

drawing on the analogy that during the lifetime of prophet Muhammed the call for

entering it, one passes by the balming room, evoking the ephemeral nature of human’s

prayer was given from the roof of his house in Medina. In the context of Reykjavik

earthly existence. The worship space offers a sacral atmosphere, enhanced by the play

«White Mosque» will perform as a discreet landmark, being strong in its presence yet

GROUND FL. TOTAL:

674m2

BASEMENT TOTAL:

79m2

FLOOR AREA TOTAL: 753m2

PARKING TOTAL:

483m2

FOOTPRINT AREA: 761m2

0m

Plan - ground floor / 1:200

Plan - basement / 1:200

2m

4m

6m

8m

10m

N

Q


Proposal 36 - 38630

….

ritual.The Worship space

Proposal 38 - 43920

The Mosque evolves around a squareshaped worship hall, which has a dome on top. It is turned to the of direction of Mecca. The building has references to traditional architecture, including the minaret, but the buildings around the worship hall have different references to contemporary architecture. These

“HEIMA”, a building consisting of boxes inside a box, with a perforated facade. A free interpretation of the prophet’s house, Medina, with a courtyard as the heart of the building and functions surrounding it. The cladding is a pattern of basalt stones with islamic reference, which is interesting but

different implementations of the facades contribute to an uneven appearance. Overall the brief is well solved according to guidelines and rules, but it is unfortunate that the restrooms are placed in the basement. Additional rooms “healing” and “air treatment” are in the basement.

d the assembly room by

ened an extraordinary religious events orvisits

t to a double minbar kitchen

is

accessible

d side and the space

prayer.

……

n concrete,willbuilder in

This

possibility

reduce

alize the mosque in few

2

ossible also a respected

z

Section 1-1

rolled and the fast time

Minaret

First floor u. v. w. x. y. z.

d with the “Klimahaus

Worship balcony Office Gallery Classroom Library Terrace

1

20.19 m² 20.03 m² 46.49 m² 30.54 m² 45.05 m² 17.32 m²

1

empty space

x w u

will be the first in the

v

ns materials it's possible

2

Building Council (saving

The Minaret The minaret has a lighting system eco-sustainable and It helps Muslims with hearing problems, innovative and unique in the Islamic world, through a lighting with green LED lights fixed

waste cost). All the wood

along the eight corners of the minaret, that light up at the beginning of the call for prayer "AZAN" gradually from the base to the top of the crescent according to the intensity of the Azan, during every call to prayer that reaches the crescent at the top of the minaret and lighting it, the system remains in working illuminated throughout the prayer goes on, switch off up

ncil) certification.

to the following Azan, a signaling system that helps to identify and recognize the mosque easily from long distances where the voice of the Azan don't arrive.

2

14

13

12

11

k

o

scale 1:200 direction to North

Section 2-2

empty space

y

direction to Qibla (-18.4°)

0

2

5

l

m

Ground floor p

k. j. l. m. n. o. p. q_1. q_2. r. s. t.

Worship space Assembly room storage Assembly room

Vestibule 10 Reception Shoe storage

Cloak room Ablution man 60% of Ablution woman 40% of Embalming Kitchen storage Kitchen

200.05 m² 100.79 m² 7.00 m² 6.04 m² 73.90 m² 18.08 m² 40.12 m² 20.06 m² 20.06 m² 15.12 m² 7.56 m² 20.19 m²

n

15

1

q_1

1

q_2 j r

Mandatory building line s

t

15

Outermost limits of buildings

Harmony for inner and other utilization……….

Property line

is separated from the reception room and the assembly room by

The interior features follows the religious ritual.The Worship space removable panels, which allow, if

opened an extraordinary

expanded space for prayer during major religious events orvisits

16

foreign delegation. It is proposed next to a double minbar reinterpreted

2

a

modern

way.

The

kitchen

is

accessible

externally.The entrance is at the nord side and the space

2

Authors

in

dedicated to green lends itself foroutdoor prayer.

Authors

Suitable plan with the choice of materials………

The construction, except the basement in concrete,willbuilder in peds

Xlam

d mo

es an

i

bicycl

h

panel

and

steel

structures.

This

possibility

reduce

theconstruction time. It is possible to realize the mosque in few

6

months. The reduce worker cost, make possible also a respected

5

time organization. The costs can be controlled and the fast time

g

Underground floor

a+a architects

a. b. c. d. e. f_1. f_2. g. h. i.

Parking Corridor Staff room Restroom Staff Restroom disabled Restroom man Restroom woman Healing Air treatment Eletric room

353.23 m² 47.07 m² 11.54 m² 6.53 m² 10.55 m² 19.73 m² 19.73 m² 19.89 m² 19.40 m² 9.98 m²

4

The eco-friendly solutions…..

3 7 f_2

1

1

a

2

Anders Villum Lautrup / Daniel Illum Davis

world. Using biological items and insulations materials it's possible

1 9

also certificate the mosque in LEED Green Building Council (saving

Members of the project team: Dr.Arch. Andrea Bindelli, Dr.Arch Mohamed Amin Al 10

c

abled

Dis

e

We want to realize a zero energy build with the “Klimahaus

Gold” protocol (Passivhaus). The mosque will be the first in the

8

f_1 b

02

constructs reduce the global cost.

d

ahdab, Dr. Arch. Bruno Minichini, Dr.Ing. Nicola Bertoli, Dr.Ing. Nello Pellizzari, Dr.Ing. 2

Gianni Merlo, Dr.Arch. Prof.Michelantonio Rizzi, Dr.Prof. Matteo D´Ambrosio, Dr.Geol. Stefano Canziani, Geom. Giorgio Biancuzzi, Dipl. Lucrezia Lool Nanut.

energy,CO2 saving, correct water useand waste cost). All the wood

used has the FSC (Forest Stewardship Council) certification.

N scale 1:200 direction to North

direction to Qibla (-18.4°)

0

2

5

10

15

might be a challenge for the technical implementations. The restrooms and ablution are combined in one space for each gender. The library presents a fresh solution. The project is well explained and presented. Overall a very interesting approach, the project is solved within one box.


the desire to construct the building from solely Icelandic sources greatly reduces carbon footprint as transportation distances are reduced. The corrugation acts as an outer layer, wrapping and protecting the main structure.

Site Plan Scale 1:500

Different scales, orientations and forms of the projecting roof lights relate to the different uses that they serve below. The form of which some are inspired by various Minaret designs throughout the world, giving hints to the buildings function whilst not explicitly employing a formal Minaret.

Proposal 40 - 58359

The form is a direct response from the orientation of the Qibla and the constraints of the site. The Qibla is expressed as a monumental wall, dissecting the entire site. Externally the wall is wrapped in corrugation, like the rest of the structure. Internally the wall is seen as an independent component, its importance highlighted by not only its scale but also it ornamentation. The moment between passing from ancillary spaces into worship spaces is heightened by passing through this oversized threshold. The entrance sequence from the lobby reveals glimpses of the decorative Qibla wall as users make their way through to the various areas in the building, heightening the anticipation of entering the worship space. The Qibla wall also acts as a structural keystone from which the rest of the structure ties into, providing physical foundations for the rest of the building to build out of.

The proposal is an approach to create a religious building without imported styles. It is rather minimalistic, unorthodox materials are used, such as corrugated steel as cladding. The plan of It is hoped that the construction of this building can act as a catalyst for the Muslim community and local community to work together. The mosque is neither provocative nor suppressed in its portrayal, establishing itself as a welcome part of neighbourhood.

Proposal 41 - 58515 This proposal is ultra minimal in its expression. Only a rectangular massive concrete block and a thin tower is visible in the landscape. Entrance and prayer hall are located on the ground floor, all other functions are placed in the

the ground floor is simple and functional. Parking is solved underground. Overall an interesting approach, but lacking strength in its statement.

basement. A sunken courtyard is giving daylight to some of the spaces, but the jury has doubts that the chosen layout will give sufficient natural daylight. Direct connection between assembly and prayer hall is missing.

Western Elevation

â&#x20AC;˘ Right: View A of the main entrance and western elevation. Below: View B from the top of the hill to the south of the site.

Northern Elevation

Eastern Elevation

Typical External Elevation Scale 1:20

Elevations Scale 1:200

0

0

500mm

Authors

Authors

Nik Klahre & Jonathan Tunney

Moomoo Architects, Poland

10m

1/2

58359

Project authors: tukasz Pastuszka, Jakub Majewski, Eline Rudene, Marta Ogrodowczyk.


Proposal 42 - 61081

Proposal 43 - 61083

The building is shaped like a square, with a another square (worship hall) put inside it and turned to Mecca. The arcade around the house is interesting, but the interpretation of it is not original. The arches continue in the upper floor as

Two building elements, one triangular and the other rectangular together shape the new mosque. The prayer hall and assembly room are placed in the double-storey rectangle. The rest of the program is distributed on two floors in the triangular form. Circular

windows, forming a simple pattern on the building. Parking is solved on the site, but the entrance is on the other side and therefore not well connected to it. The ablution is downstairs while the worship hall is upstairs, which is not ideal.

skylights illuminate the worship area. The organisation is simple and straightforward. The doors to the worship area are too close to the main entrance which can be a problem when several persons come together. The exterior is simple and clean.

SU

ÐU

RL

AN

DS

BR

AU T

C

1

B

SU

ÐU

13

RL

AN

DS

BR

AU T

A C

1

B

2 1 13 6 A

11

7

3

5 9

8

2 13

1 6

4 10

3 12 3

5 9

3

8

2

11

7

A

13

4 10 12

3 2

3

C

13 A

1 2

5

10

B

SITE PLAN, 1:500.

ite plan, 1:500 Proposed mosque Suðurlandsbraut

Unbuilt sites

levation, 1:200

6 SITE PLAN, 1:500.

0

10

Organized in two distinctive parts, our proposal for the new Mosque in Reykjavik is intended to be a humble and clear structure. The square volume contains the prayer room and assembly hall, and the triangular volume holds the supporting activities. Together, these primary geometries constitute a building that creates a simple yet rich identity for the Muslim community of Iceland.

GROUND FLOOR PLAN, 1:200.

20

VIEW,onWORSHIP The building isINTERIOR white and pristine the outsideSPACE and textured and warm on the inside. Depending on the point of view, the building appears sometimes as two distinct volumes and other times as one unit.

REYKJAVIK MOSQUE

Great attention has been put into achieving a good circulation from when the visitor enters the building until he or she arrives in the prayer room. The intersecting faces of the triangle and the square materialize as a thick structural wall that contains the most sacred elements of the building.

Organized in two distinctive parts, our proposal for the new Mosque in Reykjavik is intended to be a humble and clear structure. The square volume contains the prayer room and assembly hall, and the triangular volume holds the supporting activities. Together, these primary geometries constitute a building that creates a simple yet rich identity for the Muslim community of Iceland. The building is white and pristine on the outside and textured and warm on the inside. Depending on the point of view, the building appears sometimes as two distinct volumes and other times as one unit. Great attention has been put into achieving a good circulation from when the visitor enters the building until he or she arrives in the prayer room. The intersecting faces of the triangle and the square materialize as a thick structural wall that contains the most sacred elements of the building. Approach, accessibility and outdoor spaces Visitors approach the building from the parking spaces, which will be located at ground level on the north and west side of the building. The entrance is placed in the middle of the building, where the triangle meets the square. Planned outdoor spaces consist of a paved area to the north, which also serves as approach for delivery trucks, and a more green paved area to the south. This area will function well as outdoor area for outdoor gatherings when the weather permits.

Prayer room and assembly room The square volume, containing the prayer room and assembly hall, is a cast in-situ concrete structure. Its roof spans between 4 columns and a load bearing wall, which faces Mecca. The ceiling has 9 big circular skylights with a 4-meter diameter and a depth of 2 meters, filtering light into the room. A flexible wall that can be moved for bigger gatherings, separates the assembly hall and prayer room. This wall regulates the flow between the two rooms, marking the entrance to the prayer room with a concave passage to calm and contain the noise.

14

2 17

Classroom, office and library The classroom, office and library are located on the east side of the second floor of the triangle. One enters the second floor through a large stair in the vestibule or through the elevator. These rooms are filled with light and offer views of the landscape. Kitchen and kitchen storage The kitchen is located on the second floor with easy access to the elevator. Deliveries will happen from the east, and so kitchen storage is located here.

1 3 The upper floor contains a vaulted space at its centre. This inner structure,

Environmental in a row of unbuilt sitesstrategy along Suðurlandsbraut. At first the building will

which s rotated towards Mecca, houses most of the worship space. Other

Structure, materials and technology The building is 8.5 meter high while the minaret is 19.5 meters high. The square room is a cast insitu structure, while the triangular part of the building is made with precast elements. The first floor of the triangular part of the building is cladded in insulated polyurethane while the second floor is

The building can be easily executed in sustainable way, with an efficient building envelope and a big

focus on prefabricated solutions. stand alone. This will change as neighboring sites get developed. We Fire compartments and escape route 5floorto propose a simple rectilinar volume is second likely be Every room where peoplebuilding gather has direct access to thewhich outside. In the there is a similar fire stair located outside the library. in shape and size to its future neighbours. The mosque should not be a solitary object, but rather a member of an ensemble at the edge of an

functions such as research, assembly, storage and kitchen are placed around it. The assembly hall is separated from the worship space with a FIRST FLOOR PLAN, 1:200. curtain which is acoustically beneficial and easier to manage than folding or sliding walls.

urban district.

1. VESTIBULE (6 m2)

Ablution The ablution is organized linearly in the generous reception space, along the wall. The ablution is the last stop before one enters the prayer hall.

KITCHEN

CLASSROOM

Authors RECEPTION/ ABLUTION WORSHIP EMBALMING KITCHEN STORAGE

arriving from different directions. The main entrance, which is accessed C from the colonnade, faces Suðurlandsbraut.

TOILETS

CLOAKROOM

SHOE STORAGE ASSEMBLY

A. MAIN ENTRANCE

transparent, areas.B. EXIT TO GARDEN

Myndvinnsla: Sebastian Bajer MINARET

DIAGRAM OF ROOMS

Environmental strategy The building can be easily executed in sustainable way, with an efficient building envelope and a big focus on prefabricated solutions. Fire compartments and escape route Every room where people gather has direct access to the outside. In the second floor there is a fire stair located outside the library.

1. VESTIBULE (6 m2) 2. SHOE STORAGE (20 m2) 3. CLOAKROOM (35.5 m2)

A

4. ABLUTION (22 m2) 5. RECEPTION/MINGLING AREA (70 m2) 6. WC, MEN (16 m2)

C. KITCHEN ENTRANCE D. EMBALMING ENTANCE

10. EMBALMING (20 m2)

EMBALMING KITCHEN STORAGE AUD.STORAGE TOILETS

11. ASSEMBLY ROOM (83 m2)

methods and materials are summarized below. Further 12. WORSHIPConstruction SPACE (188 m2)

Worship and assembly spaces are located on an upper floor. Two GROUND FLOORvertical CIRCULATION, 1:200. staircases and a lift provide connections. A generous spiral

precast concrete elements (insulated sandw.) inverted roof system (extensive vegitation)

Load-bearing walls: Floors and roof structure: TOTAL GROSS FLOOR AREA:ceiling: 716.5 m2 Domed WALLS AND CIRCULATION: 65.6 m2 External Windows:

precast concrete elements filigree concrete slabs 0 1 5 10 ferrocement shell (hung on roof structure) timber-aluminium frames

19. TECHNICAL ROOM (40 m2)

staircase connects the lobby directly to the worship space. A smaller stair and lift provide a secondary connection to assembly and research spaces as well as the kitchen. A delivery entrance is located next to the lift.

TOTAL PROGRAMMED AREA: 650.9 m2

Rooflight: Non-loadbearing walls: Floor surfaces:

D

acrylic dome plasterboard on metal studs carpeted (screed in wet spaces)

ection, 1:200

FIRST FLOOR

WORSHIP

10. EMBALMING (20 m2)

Facade: 18. KITCHEN (20 m2) Roof:

12. WORSHIP SPACE (188 m2) 13. PARKING (16 CARS, INCLUDING 2 H.C.)

RECEPTION/ ABLUTION

9. AUDITORIUM STORAGE (7 m2)

BASEMENT PLAN, 1:200.

11. ASSEMBLY ROOM (83 m2)

C

A small basement contains technical facilities and a cleaning room. The basement is accessed via the secondary staircase and lift. A large wall 19 noise and of trees is proposed along Miklabraut to shelter the area from 7. WC, WOMEN (15 m2) 8. KITCHEN STORAGE (7 m2) A grass mound could be considered in combination with trees. pollution.

BASEMENT

4

19

7. WC, WOMEN (15 m2) 9. AUDITORIUM STORAGE (7 m2)

6. WC, MEN (16 m2)

17. LIBRARY (46 m2)

FIRST FLOOR PLAN, 1:200.

8. KITCHEN STORAGE (7 m2)

CLOAKROOM

details and decorative features are to be developed in collaboration with the client.

box. Discrete function such as toilets and ablution are located in the centre while public spaces such as the lobby are placed in outer, more

18

Structure, materials and technology The building is 8.5 meter high while the minaret is 19.5 meters high. The square room is a cast insitu structure, while the triangular part of the building is made with precast elements. The first floor of the triangular part of the building is cladded in insulated polyurethane while the second floor is glazed in the triangular end.

CLASSROOM

FIRST FLOOR

Garðar Snæbjörnsson, architect FAÍ AUD.STORAGE

17

Balming The balming space is on the south side of the first floor. This space is a triangular space in a private part of the building. The room has direct access to the outside.

OFFICE

4. ABLUTION (22 m2)

16. OFFICE (21.5 m2)

16 15

GROUND FLOOR

5. RECEPTION/MINGLING AREA (70 m2)

14. CLASSROOM (31.4 m2)

14

Kitchen and kitchen storage The kitchen is located on the second floor with easy access to the elevator. Deliveries will happen from the east, and so kitchen storage is located here.

GROUND FLOOR

15. WC (2.5 m2)

INTERIOR VIEW, WORSHIP SPACE

Classroom, office and library The classroom, office and library are located on the east side of the second floor of the triangle. One enters the second floor through a large stair in the vestibule or through the elevator. These rooms are filled with light and offer views of the landscape.

LIBRARY

13. PARKING (16 CARS, INCLUDING 2 H.C.)

D

The ground floor contains service functions and a lobby. After entering B guests are lead through a sequence of spaces encircling a closed

GROUND FLOOR PLAN, 1:200.

Prayer room and assembly room The square volume, containing the prayer room and assembly hall, is a cast in-situ concrete structure. Its roof spans between 4 columns and a load bearing wall, which faces Mecca. The ceiling has 9 big circular skylights with a 4-meter diameter and a depth of 2 meters, filtering light into the room. A flexible wall that can be moved for bigger gatherings, separates the assembly hall and prayer room. This wall regulates the flow between the two rooms, marking the entrance to the prayer room with a concave passage to calm and contain the noise.

KITCHEN

3. CLOAKROOM (35.5 m2)

A

The proposed building has four identical facades which are characterized by two levels of arched openings in clear white surfaces. The lower level is surrounded by a colonnade which provides shelter and welcomes guests

20

10

2. SHOE STORAGE (20 m2)

LIBRARY OFFICE

Shoe storage, cloakroom and restrooms After the visitor has entered the building he or she can then go left to take off shoes and proceed on to the cloak room past the restrooms. The visitor can then continue into the receptions space where the ablution takes place. Ablution The ablution is organized linearly in the generous reception space, along the wall. The ablution is the last stop before one enters the prayer hall.

The proposed glazed mosque sitsend. at the far end of Sogamýri. The site is the last in the triangular

Shoe storage, cloakroom and restrooms After the visitor has entered the building he or she can then go left to take off shoes and proceed on to the cloak room past the restrooms. The visitor can then continue into the receptions space where the ablution takes place.

Reception and vestibule The reception and vestibule is a generous double-height space that extends across the entire length of the building. This is a multifunctional space that brings the visitor to all parts of the building or to the southern outdoor areas.

18

5

Balming The balming space is on the south side of the first floor. This space is a triangular space in a private part of the building. The room has direct access to the outside.

A Mosque in Reykjavik

Reception and vestibule The reception and vestibule is a generous double-height space that extends across the entire length of the building. This is a multifunctional space that brings the visitor to all parts of the building or to the southern outdoor areas.

Approach, accessibility and outdoor spaces Visitors approach the building from the parking spaces, which will be located at ground level on the north and west side of the building. The entrance is placed in the middle of the building, where the triangle meets the square. Planned outdoor spaces consist of a paved area to the north, which also serves as approach for delivery trucks, and a more green paved area to the south. This area will function well as outdoor area for outdoor gatherings when the weather permits.

16 15

6

0

REYKJAVIK MOSQUE

B

Parking Miklabraut Cycle & pedestrian path

C

13

0 1 2

5

14. CLASSROOM (31.4 m2)

B

Authors

15. WC (2.5 m2) 17. LIBRARY (46 m2) 18. KITCHEN (20 m2)

A. MAIN ENTRANCE

SHOE STORAGE ASSEMBLY

B. EXIT TO GARDEN

MINARET

D. EMBALMING ENTANCE

BASEMENT 19. TECHNICAL ROOM (40 m2)

C. KITCHEN ENTRANCE

TOTAL PROGRAMMED AREA: 650.9 m2 TOTAL GROSS FLOOR AREA: 716.5 m2

10

DIAGRAM OF ROOMS

WALLS AND CIRCULATION: 65.6 m2

GROUND FLOOR CIRCULATION, 1:200.

Jörgen Tandberg and Espen Vatn Architects MNAL

Site plan, 1:500 INTERIOR VIEW, ENTRANCE TO WORSHIP SPACE

1 Proposed mosque 2 Suðurlandsbraut

3 Parking 4 Miklabraut 5 Cycle & pedestrian path 6 Unbuilt sites

BASEMENT PLAN, 1:200.

16. OFFICE (21.5 m2)

61083

61081 A Mosque in Reykjavik

0

1

5

10

INTERIOR VIEW, ENTRANCE TO WO


Proprerty line

Outermost limits of building

Proprerty line Outermost limits of building Master plan road Parking plot

A Mosque is a place to pray, meet and exchange ideas. Three main areas will fulfill these needs of believers and their friends.

green roof green roof

The first area is the Place of Worship, naturally the most prominent space in the building: a spacious, airy room with plenty of natural light coming through large windows oriented southwards, and artificially illuminated skylights. A vertical cut through the outer wall, a line of light pointing towards Mecca, represents the traditional Mihrab. It provides clear, unquestionable guidance to those who pray and converse with Allah. We treat it as the most important focus point in the room. In contrast, the Minbar appears as a more discreet or not so prominent stage for the Imam to lead the prayers. The significance of this space is best summarized with the qualities intimacy, sacredness, humility and mysticism.

Minaret Quibla

Proposal 45 - 64574

Worship

The new mosque appears as a manmade landscape with a turfed roof and a characteristic profile. The entrance is centrally on the north facade with a reception hall straight through the building ending in a south facing glass covered hall. The worship room is located on the east side oriented towards Mecca. The rest of the program is placed on the west side on two floors. It is not

Green area

02

The third area is the Place of Knowledge, a space designed to exchange ideas, learn and meet with wisdom. We chose to treat this space in more traditional way - the library being a room with bookshelves and reading tables, whereas the classroom is equipped with working tables. The sliding wall of the auditorium represents the evident link between knowledge and worship: both spaces can be united or separated, according to the needs of the community. We suggest traditional materials for both, interior and exterior structures: stone, wood, brick and tiles. Our intention is to bring the warmth of traditional and recognizable elements into the relation between the building and its users. Obvious Islamic references as graphical ornaments, traditional colors and textiles will further emphasize this purpose. In this way, the exterior of our Mosque will seamlessly fit into Reykjavik`s vivid panorama, while its shiny interior will refer to the great Islamic tradition of hundreds of years. The technical side is summarized in one sentence: sixteen parking places distributed along the technical street on the plot, with direct access from to the kitchen and the technical space in the basement. Estimated costs for our Mosque: 2.800.000 EUR (3.500 EUR/sqm).

Sitelplan - 1:500

view from the pedestrian/cycle lane on the east side

01

possible to combine the assembly hall and worship room as one large space. The digital minaret with colourful illumination, and connected to a mobile application to remind believers of prayer times, is an interesting idea. An interesting approach, but the shape of the building and exterior solutions did not convince the jury.

sp ac es

for the functions. Inside the building there are several patterns and materials that come together, including some interesting features, but resulting in lack of coherence.

12

Internal path Outward path Exit Outside area

H

pa rk in g

The angular building is aligned to the plot and the direction of Mecca. The exterior is cladded with light colored bricks and as it seems steel with references to M i The floor plan is well islamic ornaments. kla br au t solved and follows a practical solution

04

10

Barefoot area

H

The second area is the Place of Gathering, with its inner and outer spaces naturally prolonging each other. We strongly believe that our Mosque has to be open to the outside as much as it has to focus on its inner life. Therefore we have opened the lobby towards the front garden: in summer, openings in the Mashrabya will bring a breeze of fresh air; during the cold season large windows will let the Nordic winter scenery into the building. We created a path from the entrance to the lobby next to the Mashrabya towards the ablution areas and further into the Place of Worship. It represents the thin line of contact between outer and inner life of the mosque, between community life and the intimate silence of death: the path ends at the most intimate space within the Mosque - the closed, shaded and quiet embalming space. Welcome, openness and exchange are the words we chose to describe the Place of Gathering.

pu bli c

Proposal 44 - 62010

green area

11

Driveway entrance Driveway flow for deliveries Walking entrance Walking path Area with shoe

16

+23.8

01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09

Vestibile Cloakroom/Shoe st. Reseption Restrooms/Ablution Worship Assembly room Storage Kitchen/Storage Embalming

10 11 12

Library Office Classroom

13

Technical room

2

7.5 m 53.5 m2 70.0 m2 75.5 m2 200.5 m2 100.0 m2 7.0m2 20.5 m2 15.5 m2

03

04

08

04

07

06

09

05

60.0 m2 20.0 m2 30.5 m2 40.0 m2

FUNTIONAL AREA Distr. area and walls

700.5 m2 99,5 m2

TOT

800.0 m2

13

Access and Comunication area Service area Religious and knowledge area

view of the main entrance

ORIENTATION

Mosque in Reykjavik +0,00

B

A O 21 FF ,6 IC 9 E m2

CO 54 RR ,1 ID 7 O m2 R

entrance +1,00

+0,00

courtyard covered with glass

CLA 36 SS ,4 RO 5 m 2 OM

digital minaret +8,30

+4 ,0 0

LI 46 BR ,2 AR 6 m2Y

+7,50

dire ctio quimb n a

B

A

SUN ANALYSIS

N

21.6.

A

7,5 m2

RES 36 TR ,1 O 9 O m2 M

CLO 35 AK ,5 RO 7 m 2 OM

B

+17.5

ves bule

ST SH 20 OR OE ,1 AG 7 m E

+17,5

Green roof

B

office

+8,30

Mashrabiya

wc distribution area

30,5

m2

70,0 m2

60,0 m2

G LA SS

+20,8

NORTH FACADE

7,0 m2

+1

+8,30

embalming Quibla

100,0 m2

22.12.

CO VE 10 R 0, ED 07 m 2 CO RR ID O R

W 19 OR 7, SH 80 IP m2

Quib la

A

di gi ta lm in ar et

21.3.

,0 0

B

A

assembly room

62010

W A 10 SH ,5 M 9 EN m2

library

20,5 m2

storage

FIRST FLOOR EM B 15 ALM ,1 7 IN m2 G

,0 0

W ASH 10 W ,9 O 1 M m 2 EN

+1,00

ablu on/restrooms

kitchen/storage

ST 43 IBU m 2 LE

+1 REC 88 EP ,4 TI 9 O m2 N

classroom

25,5 m2

m2

KIT 21 C ,1 HEN 3 m2

ASS 10 EM 1, 54 BLY m2

5,5 m2

VE 7,

ST O 02 RE m2

+7,50

20,0 m2

+16,1

distribuon area

2

2

7,

53,5 m2

A

ST O 02 RE m

70,0 m2

cloakroom/shoe storage

sheet

20,5

7,

B

lobby

01 COMPETITION FOR DESIGNING A MOSQUE IN REYKJAVIK

+7,50

Minaret

15,5 m2

WORSHIP 200,5 m2

+4,30

+17.5

+17,5

Mihrab +17,5

A

+1,00 +0,00

A TE CH N 51 IKA ,0 L 4 R m2 O O M

EAST FACADE

GROUND FLOOR

B

A Minbar

Sliding wall

C 9, OR 23 R m2 .

+7,50

B

B

Gound floor - 1:200

+8,30

+7,50

2st floor - 1:200

+4,20 courtyard covered by glass

+4,50

+1,00

vest.

reception

entrance

Minaret

+23,8

SECTION B

+8,30

+7,50 +7,50 corridor

+23,8

Mihrab restroom

reception

washing

4. 11 .

5. 12 .

6. 13 .

14 .

A

15 .

16 .

workship +1,00

Qibla

classroom +20,8

abluon wall

kichen

Mihrab

Qibla

illuminaon system

library +20,8

10 .

B

Authors

illuminaon system

3.

-2,00

SOUTH FACADE

+1,00 parking -2,00

Minbar

embalming

sliding wall

storage

auditorium +17,5

WORSHIP +17,5

Simona Pandolfo, Giuseppe Basso, Predrag Stefanovic´ architects

abluon +17,5

WORSHIP +17,5

WEST FACADE

+17,3

Section A-A - 1:200

PARKING

SECTION A

Henrik Ceccaroli, Orsolya Vadasz, Judit z. Halmagyi, Sara Ambrus, Blanka Borbely,

technical room +14,7

Section B-B - 1:200

view of the Worship toward the quibla

Csaba Schvartckopf, 15,5

15,5

15,5

5,8 3,0 9,5

9,5

+20,8

9,5 8,5

+20,8 6,3

view from hallway (near the entrance for ablutions)

8,5

2,7

+17,5

+17,5 19,5

23,6

N-E elevation - 1:200

+20,8 6,3

3,3

+17,5

+17,5 30,8

view from the entrance

6,3

3,3

3,3

2,7

2

2. 9.

+0,00

Authors

,0 0

8.

+1,00

O PT IO 11 SPA N 2, C AL 72 E m

1.

-2

7.

N-V elevation - 1:200

view of the assembly room (toward the library on 2nd floor)

+17,2 18,1

S-V elevation - 1:200

view from the assembly room toward the Worship (with sliding wall opened)

S-E elevation - 1:200

view from of the Worship backside (with sliding wall closed)

1 64574


Proposal 46 - 65497 The “Mosque of Light” (“Masjid an-nuur”) is one continuous angular building and a detached minaret. The whole building is cladded with matt copper alloy. Parking is solved underground, along with the restrooms. The organisation of rooms is practical and well solved. The

SITE In one hand the given site is challenging in terms of its location close to the highway and exposure for harsh winds from south and south east, in the other hand it is also strategic in it placement next to the main entrance road to Reyjkavik and calls for a mosque as a landmark for Iceland, for Reykjavik and for the muslim community. Noise and wind exposure from south are reduced by introducing varied topography of landscape and building volume. In coherence with the local plan the building is opening up towards north and Suðurlandsbraut in relation to which the access, main entrance and parking is located.

Proposal 47 - 71530

worship hall, assembly and embalming are well connected. The courtyard is convenient to let light in, but it could have more quality for dwelling. Despite an interesting shape and approach, the proposal did not convince the majority of the jury.

An original proposal of the new Mosque, trying to blend a traditional mosque with Icelandic turf houses. The complete program is on one level, except for a small balcony in the prayer room. A series of cupola shaped spaces form the main functions, with serving functions placed in irregular spaces in-between. The classroom, library and office are placed at the perimeter with generous windows

Authors

Authors

basalt arkitektar, Reykjavík

Juras Lasovsky and Hanna Johansson

Guðjón Kjartansson architect faí, Marcos Zotes architect faí, Shruthi Basappa architect FAÍ, Sigrún Harpa Þórarinsdóttir, BA architect Consult: Sigríður Sigþórsdóttirarchitect FAÍ Assistant: Hrólfur Karl Cela architect FAÍ

noise

Wind opening to the park. The surrounding park is modelled in the same manner as the building creating a playful undulating landscape together with the building. An interesting approach regarding material SITE PLAN 1:500 and shape, but the jury is not convinced about the floor plan, resulting from the cupolas, and the implementation of the turf reaching down to the windows.


Proposal 48 - 71539

Proposal 49 - 72273

The building has a modest and simple appearance, from the north side it seems as if it consists of three different sized cubes. The building is distinguished as a mosque through the pattern of the exterior. The layout of the room program functions overall well and the worship space and assembly can be completely

combined, but the shape of room is unusual due to the angular walls. The minaret is original and coherent with the rest of the building. The worship space is interesting, the direction of the walls is comprehensible, but it results in corners and unused space.

The new mosque is organised as a tiny city with buildings, streets and a square with trees. All main functions are on the ground floor except for classroom, office and library on the first floor. The streets and alleys are covered with glass

and large windows open the view to the surrounding park. The worship room as a plaza with trees is original, but did not convince the jury.

SU

ÐU

RL

AN

DS

BR

AU T

FORECOURT SOGAMÝRI PARKING

FOYER

MOSQUE MINARET

AUDITORIUM

MIK

LABR

AUT

SITE PLAN, 1:500

ARRIVAL FROM SUÐURLANDSBRAUT N

0

10m

A M O S Q U E I N R E Y K J AV Í K The Mosque in contemporary Icelandic society Groundfloor, netto:

The new mosque at Suðurlandsbraut will be a facilitator for Muslim religion and culture within contemporary Icelandic society. The new mosque

pacity of the worship space. The blinds can be hoisted up as huge door panels. The same principle is used for separating the assembly space from

shall be open and inviting towards its community whether its events are of religious or cultural character. The mosque will provide facilities for

the reception. The worship space follows the geometry of the building plot, with the Quibla wall as a gable wall angled towards Mecca. A Minbar

Vestibule 7 m2

solemn moments of prayer, as well as other events of educational, festive and cultural nature. In contemporary Western society the mosque has

is placed perpendicular to the Quibla wall and the Mirhab is generated by a displacement of the Quibla wall, allowing daylight to enlighten it. The

Embalming 15 m2

evolved into an open organization that acts as a forum between the Muslim faith and culture and Western society. Thus, the role of the mosque

mosque does not have a traditional minaret. Instead the minaret is indicated in a discrete gesture on part of the north facing façade wall towards

Restrooms 42 m2

has become increasingly important in recent years and the new mosque at Suðurlandsbraut will become a great benefit for Icelandic society and

the worship space. A free standing perforated concrete wall, perforated in the same pattern as the closed concrete walls, throwing a beautiful

culture.

shadow on the ground and the exterior of the mihrab wall.

The Concept

The Site

The ambition of this project is to create a clear and quiet frame around the sacred and profane rituals of the Muslim religion within a contempo-

The mosque is located within the building plot following the guidelines stated in the competition brief, with the northeast facade following the

rary Icelandic culture. By investigating the programme, as well as the site and context and using that as a design parameter, the organisation and

mandatory building line. The main entrance to the building is in the northwest corner, sheltered from the strong southeastern winds from the

Cloakroom 32 m2

form of the mosque comes naturally. By embracing the domestic qualities of the small-scale Vogahverfi, separating the mosque functions into

direction of Ártúnsbrekka. A small forecourt towards northwest welcomes the guests of the building. A single tree, for instance a typical Icelandic

Shoe storage and ablution 42 m2

volumes, following the programmatic hierarchy in varied heights and lengths within the strict building plot, a united building structure is gener-

rowan tree, marks a gathering point at the entrance forecourt. Adjacent to the entrance is a ramp to the underground parking. Southeast of the

Worship space 182 m2

ated. A modest building with open and accessible spaces, providing warmth and security from the impact of the society outside, where people

forecourt is a small parking lot for five cars , two of which are allocated for disabled people. The southern part of the site is planned to stay as a

can find their peace and inner strength.

green area.

The Building

The Materials

Kitchen 20 m2 Storage assembly room 7 m2 Storage kitchen 7 m2 Reception 67 m2 Assembly room 96 m2

Second floor, netto: Library 40 m2

Authors

Classroom 30 m2

The mosque is organized on two floors with a basement for parking and technical space. The building mass is elevated in three heights reflecting

The modest architecture of the building calls for a simple approach regarding materials and texture. The exterior construction of the building is

the programmatic hierarchy, with the worship space as the most grandiose of all spaces. The programmatic organisation is clear, with the recep-

concrete, following a long tradition of in-situ cast constructions in Iceland. The building is cast in white concrete, whith an oriental pattern on

tion and assembly room in the middle connecting to both the worship space and the service areas on the ground floor. The classroom, library and

specific parts of the exterior walls referring to distant skies and foreign cultures. The light color of the concrete with its subtle relief will vibrate

the office is placed on the second floor. The reception is the centre of the building, an inner courtyard or a Sahn providing access to all parts of

in the light of the low shining Icelandic sun giving the concrete a warm appeareance. The building is insulated on the inside and the innerwalls

the building. It is a double height space with good visual contact between the two floors and lit by the skylight above the second floor walkway

will either be plastered or covered with wooden panels of light nordic wood in an oriental pattern. Acoustic absorbents will be integrated into

as well as the west facing glass facade. The reception is entered from the vestibule that also is connected to the embalming space with a good

wall and ceiling panels. Ground floor of the mosque is mostly in polished terrazzo in a very light color and wooden floors on the second floor.

Office 21 m2 Basement, netto: Technical space 44 m2

Ground floor in total (Brutto) 609 m2 Second floor in total (Brutto) 155 m2

connection to the exterior. From the reception it is possible to access restrooms, elevators and staircases that connect to both the basement and

Technical room in basement 44 m2

the second floor. The reception can be directly extended into the assembly space that again is in direct contact with the kitchen. The reception

The Technical Aspects

is also connected to the cloakroom, shoe storage and ablution. From here one enters the worship space. The worship space has a high ceiling

Concrete walls and slabs construct the building. Technical infrastructure is behind a lowered ceiling, ventilation in the parts of the building where

height, lit from both the skylight and the vertical light strips in the northeast facade. The fenestration ensures a great variation of daylight during

needed. The technical room is placed in the basement giving the possibility of leading technical support along the basement roof to relevant

the five prayers of the day, from Fajr, Duhr, ‘Asr, Maghrib to ‘Isha. It is possible to open wooden blinds into the assembly space to extend the ca-

spaces on the upper floors.

Andersen & Sigurdsson Arkitekter, Denmark

Authors

Kacper Mroczek

Building in all brutto (exclusiv parking in basement): 808 m2

Ene Cordt Andersen architect maa (copyright), Joséphine Larere (stud.arch.) Þórhallur

VIEW FROM MIKLABRAUT

Sigurðsson architect maa, FAÍ (copyright). + 8.5

3D assistant: Fractal Mind + 0.0 NORTH EAST

NORTH WEST

SOUTH WEST

SOUTH EAST

FACADES, 1:200 0

5m

71539


Proposal 50 - 72827

Proposal 52 - 80511

The approach seems interesting, but unfortunately the implementation is rather weak and does not fulfill requirements of the brief.

The shape of the building is based on a study which is well explained. There are strong references to traditional Icelandic turf houses in shape and material. With its pitched roof the building results in a distinctive shapes with several angles. It is noticeable in its surroundings. The flow through the building is from west to

ICELANDIC/ISLAMIC The two cornerstones for the design of the mosque in Reykjavik is ICELANDIC and ISLAMIC culture. Both aspects are diverse and complex, and the aim of this project is to seek the relations between the two. The mosque should act as the meeting point - both literally and figuratively - between these two cultures. As a starting point for the design some important parameters has been chosen to find relations and coherency – between ICELANDIC and ISLAMIC culture. These parameters are subjective interpretations and limitations, but for the project seen as key factors in the design.

PLOT

BUILDING AREA DEFINED BY LOCAL PLAN

LIBRARY/RECEPTION

QIBLA

SUBLIME

east, from the entrance to the worship hall in the east. It is well organised and well connected. The worship hall and assembly are connected with each other directly. The shape of the minaret is very distinct and the use of stones as cladding of the building is rather massive, especially the interior.

EXPRESSIVE

LIGHT

PATTERN

1. BUILDING AREA - defined by regulation - rationalized - building envelope placed in the building line - make most use of ground level

The building area is defined by the local plan and the proposal suggest to exploit the area within the building lines as much as possible. This means that as much as possible of the building envelope is placed in the building line. This creates space for most of the program in the ground floor. Furthermore this corresponds to the request in the local plan that 70% of the North facade must be placed in the building line.

2. DIRECTION TO MEKKA - the qibla is the main focus of the mosque - defining the building grid - reflected in all rooms of the mosque

The main purpose of the mosque is the prayer, and thus the worship room is the most important. The prayer is performed facing Mecca, the Qibla. To direct the worshipers is the Qibla wall perpendicular to the direction of Mecca. The orientation of the Qibla sets the building grid of the mosque and is reflected in all areas of the mosque.

3. PITCHED ROOF TYPOLOGY - traditional Icelandic building typology - local coherency - building with the landscape as a turf house - integrated into the natural surroundings - green roof - permeable surface

The pitched roof typology is a traditional building typology in Iceland - traditionally used with turf roof and often connected together with more roofs in the same building - and often build into the landscape. This building typology shapes the roof of the mosque to create a local coherency and the roof is build as a green roof to integrate into the natural surroundings.

THE MOSQUE SEEN FROM MIKLABRAUT

The buildings exterior reflects the inside program. The 4. SHAPING ACCORDING TO FUNCTIONS worship area is placed in the eastern part of the build- the worship space is placed towards east ARRIVAL ing and the roof is pulled up here to expose the imthe roof raised here to show the importance portance of this room, and to create a more spacious of this room RECEPTION room with more room height. - spacious room height in the worship area The tower or minaret is placed towards the west - to WORSHIP - the tower/minaret containing the library is create a balance in the building shape. This is where the library and reception is placed – also seen as implaced towards west to create balance in the portant functions of the mosque. building shape

COURTYARD

WORSHIP

COURTYARD

PREVAILING WIND

BALMING

KITCHEN

5. COURTYARD ADDED - placed towards northwest - the courtyard is sheltered from wind - defining entrance area - meeting place - quiet and sheltered

AUDITORIUM

LIBRARY Towards the northwest is a courtyard placed. This is CLASSROOM where you enter the mosque and the area is sheltered from the prevailing wind directions and precipitation RESTROOMS from the south and east. The courtyard is where the BALMING CLOAKROOM visitors meet and talk to friends before going to the ABLUTION OFFICE WORSHIP KITCHEN mosque.

RECEPTION

AUDITORIUM

PREVAILING WIND TECHNICAL

THE MOSQUE SEEN FROM MIKLABRAUT

Authors

The mosque is integrated into the surroundings with natural materials as green roof and basalt stone cladding on the facade. It will create attention from people passing by on Miklabraut, but still it respects the context and the Icelandic building culture. In the evenings all the windows in the mosque will glow and the stone facade will seem like its floating.

MATERIALS

Viar Estudio, Spain

The choice of materials is based on natural, local available materials, cost efficient and easy to maintain and to harmonize with the surroundings. The building seems like raised from the ground - with stone facade and the green roof – and stretches towards the sky.

THE SITE

The site is treated with a minimum of impact and kept as untouched as possible. The reason for this is to keep the natural impression with grass and trees. The only area that is treated with pavement is the access to the plot with access for the parking and the balming room. The kitchen is accessible from the outside with a path around the building. All necessary pathways around the mosque are seen as simply paved or reinforced grass. This makes the only cultivated landscape of the project the internal courtyard – which has a very special character – and an addition to the program from the competition brief. The courtyard is where you enter the mosque and where you meet friends and relatives before and after ceremonies. The courtyard is placed towards the

Author name: Inigo de Viar Fraile, Architect

PARKING

north west which ensure shelter from the prevailing winds and is exposed to the afternoon and evening sun. The courtyard is designed with a pond, benches and smaller trees and bushes. As a special feature in the courtyard is the green wall that is a collection of Icelandic species. The green wall is the first thing you see when you arrive the site from Suðurlandsbraut.

ENTRANCE

The entrance to the mosque is through the courtyard, which is a welcoming cultivated green oasis sheltered by the elevated stone wall. When standing in the courtyard the visitors will be attracted by the light that is in the entrance hall – provided by the large windows in the library tower

Authors Kampen Arkitekter, Norway Rasmus Hamann Architect MNAL, M.Sc.Eng. Marianne Dalböl Pedersen Architect M.Sc. COURTYARD TOWARDS THE ENTRANCE

Collaborator: Sara Navazo Saez de Arregui, Architect and Garazi Atxalandabaso Abiega,

Eng.

Architect.

Renderings: Davor Robitschko


Proposal 53 - 80631

Proposal 54 - 83437

The Mosque is composed by two structures, an irregular shape with tilted walls for the worship and a more regular part for the rest of the program. In between the parts is an open reception

A sculptural building in the landscape in a simple, strong form. The patterned in situ concrete refers to to both islamic and Icelandic culture. The entrance is significant and clear. The building is on three floors, the worship hallOF and FOR THE MUSLIM ASSOCIATION ICELAND assembly are not on the same floor and

with large skylights. The layout of the program functions well. The jury is not convinced by the darkness of the materials and how closed the building appears from the outside.

MOSQUE IN REYKJAVÍK

MOSQUE IN REYKJAVÍK

MOSQUE IN REYKJAVÍK

SITE 1/500

therefore not acceptable, although they are connected with a gallery. Intelligent solutions for in-between-spaces, both inside the building and outside, the foyer and the garden. The approach regarding islamic and Icelandic elements in the garden is interesting.

MOSQUE IN REYKJAVÍK FOR THE MUSLIM ASSOCIATION OF ICELAND

11

11

4 6

5

8

2 1

10

7 3

prayer hall 1 cultural centre 2 contemplative garden 3 entrance plaza 4 parking 15PP 5 parking for disabled 2PP (reinforced grass) 6 garden entrance / drop off (reinforced grass) 7 silver maple grove 8 new pedestrian / bicycle path 9 Suðurlandsbraut extended 10 future building lots 11

9

8

SITE PLAN 1:500

ENTRANCE FROM SUÐURLANDSBRAUT N

DESCRIPTION - MOSQUE IN REYKJAVIK The new Mosque for the Muslim Association of Iceland is both quintessentially icelandic and muslim - Þnding the common ground rather than focusing on the differences - being inspired by the similarities rather than fearing the differences between the cultures.

The Mosque Þnds its inspiration from the icelandic landscape gently rising from the surrounding park landscape - with a protective perimeter wrapping resembling the fault line walls which have played a vital role resonating democracy and justice at Þingvellir. The Mosque visibly interacts with the park, with its green roof and the contemplative garden. Natural light is guiding your way through the Mosque and towards prayer.

geometric half-vault

stuðlaberg

trad. arabic pattern

trad. icelandic pattern

The perimeter wrapping creates a tranquil place for worship and contemplation at one of the most trafÞcated intersections in Reykjavik - and opens up and exposes the Mosques activities towards the outside through its variations. The homogenous wrapping is only broken to enter the building - a portal inspired by the stuðlaberg formations as well as the ancient geometric vaults of traditional Mosques. A traditional arabic pattern is used to clothe and decorate the building, inspired by the traditional

icelandic patterns of the lopapeysa, also worn to protect the individual in the cold and harsh climate. You enter the generous lobby combined with shoe and cloak storage, which connects everything within the Mosque: Down the stairs to ablution and the prayer hall, up to the ofÞce, library and classroom, and directly to the kitchen and auditorium. From the lobby you also have access to the contemplative garden and the

precast concrete

uhpc screens

structural glazing

sedum roof

ENTRANCE FROM SUÐURLANDSBRAUT B

BASEMENT 1/200

DESCRIPTION - MOSQUE IN REYKJAVIK Mosque Þnds The Mosque is conceived without a minaret, since it serves theThe Muslim community in the capital as a its inspiration from the icelandic landscape whole, and prayer calls will not be implemented outside the Mosque. However, a sculptural minaret in the park area within the site boundary (as an option) provides a vertical response rising to the horizontal sweep of gently from the surrounding park landscape - with a the Mosque itself. The new Mosque for the Muslim Association of Iceland is both protective perimeter wrapping resembling the fault line walls B quintessentially icelandic and muslim - Þnding the common which have played a vital role resonating democracy and justice ground rather than focusing on the differences - being inspired by at Þingvellir. The Mosque visibly interacts with the park, with its C C C the similarities rather than fearing the differences between the green roof and the contemplative garden. Natural light is guiding cultures. your way through the Mosque and towards prayer.

C

B

LIBRARY

SHOE/CLOAK/VEST

B

B

A

B

44 m2

54 m2

22

11

stuðlaberg

29 m2

7

22 m2

9

1

10

19 m2

84 m2

ABLUTION 21 m2

A

A

3

A

A

A

28 m2

4

33 m2

19 m2

WORSHIP 195 m2

6

BASEMENT 1/200

2

5

A TECHNICAL ROOM

CLASSROOM KITCHEN

2 FLOOR 1/200

8

A

C

ASSEMBLY 94 m2

C

N

B

B

C

B

The Mosque is conceived without a minaret, since it serves the Muslim community in the capital as aB N whole, and prayer calls will not be implemented outside the Mosque. However, minaret in the BASEMENTaCTsculptural 14.76 1:200 park area within the site boundary (as an option) PLANS provides a vertical response to the horizontal sweep of the Mosque itself.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22

14

15

20

13 18

A

19

TOTAL: 817 M2

B

FIRST FLOOR CT 21.42

80631

B

22

11

44 m2

Authors

Authors

C

C

OFFICE 22 m2

A

C

C

Davíð Sigurðsson and Vífill R. Eiríksson 28 m2

17

A

Authors with copyright to the design: ZIS AS v/Eirik Rönning Andersen siv.ark. MNAL,

TECHNICAL ROOM 33 m2

9

7

1

10

prayer hall 197.8 m2 foyer (incl CR + SS) 182.9 m2 ablution M 11.3 m2 ablution F 11.3 m2 restrooms M 11.0 m2 restrooms F 10.9 m2 WC for disabled 5.7 m2 washroom / storage 4.2 m2 storage (auditorium) 7.9 m2 technical room 40.0 m2 vestibule 5.5 m2 cloak room (CR) + shoe storage (SS) assembly 100.0 m2 kitchen 20.3 m2 storage (kitchen) 9.0 m2 ritual washing of the deceased 15.0 m2 contemplative garden library 46.9 m2 classroom 30.0 m2 ofÞce 27.0 m2 Staff WC 3.0 m2 Optional minaret

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22

14

15

Griff Arkitektur AS v/ Sigríður Anna Eggertsdóttir siv.ark.FAI, SAAHA AS v/ Adnan 3

C

Harambasic

N

N

16

12 2

A A CLASSROOM

2

5 4 6

B

83437

B

GROUND FLOOR CT 18.00

LIBRARY

C

GROSS FLOOR AREA BASEMENT: 381 M2 GROUND FLOOR: 297 M2 FIRST FLOOR: 139 M2

A

B

B

B C

prayer hall 197.8 m2 foyer (incl CR + SS) 182.9 m2 ablution M 11.3 m2 ablution F 11.3 m2 restrooms M 11.0 m2 restrooms F 10.9 m2 WC for disabled 5.7 m2 washroom / storage 4.2 m2 storage (auditorium) 7.9 m2 technical room 40.0 m2 vestibule 5.5 m2 cloak room (CR) + shoe storage (SS) assembly 100.0 m2 kitchen 20.3 m2 storage (kitchen) 9.0 m2 ritual washing of the deceased 15.0 m2 contemplative garden library 46.9 m2 classroom 30.0 m2 ofÞce 27.0 m2 Staff WC 3.0 m2 Optional minaret

A

N

2 21

OFFICE

BALMING RECEPTION

C

trad. icelandic pattern

A

ROOMS

C

trad. arabic pattern 17

C REST

16

12 2

geometric half-vault

The perimeter wrapping creates a tranquil place for worship and contemplation at one of the most trafÞcated intersections in Reykjavik - and opens up and exposes the Mosques activities towards the outside through its variations. The homogenous wrapping is only broken to enter the building - a portal inspired by C vaults the stuðlaberg formations as well as the ancient geometric of traditional Mosques. A traditional arabic pattern is used to clothe and decorate the building, inspired by the traditional A

N

2 FLOOR 1/200

A

C

1 FLOOR 1/200

B

80631

13

Exterior 3D visualization: Vizstudio v/ Espen Beyer Tomren 8

A

B

PLANS 1:200

BASEMENT CT 14.76

A

B

GROUND FLOOR CT 18.00

C


A building consisting of traditional elements, minimalised: A dome and arch roofs, some of which inverted. A poetic approach, with heavy material (bricks), but with a light-colored facade. There does not seem to be much connection to the surroundings. The main entrance is rather closed off and leads to the

cloakroom and shoe storage. The worship room is square-shaped, turned to face Mecca. The other rooms evolve around the worship room, resulting in some unusually shaped and inefficient spaces. The u-formed roof-sheds (inverted arches) raise questions about technical solutions regarding Icelandic climate.

S-

No rth Storage A: 7 m2

Cloakroom A: 40 m2

Ele va tio n 9.500

01

03

is necessary to make a grand square on the neighbouring property to achieve the sunken entrance to the Mosque which is not according to the program for the competition. The interiors are dynamic and interesting.

S-

The entire building lot is used for the new mosque, and the author creates a continuous sculptural roof structure to form the building. The main entrance is from a sunken level on the south-east side of the building although it is also possible to enter from the street to the library, classroom and office spaces. It

Proposal 56 - 84501

W es tE le va tio n

Proposal 55 - 84268

Shoe storage A: 20 m2

02

Auditorium A: 100 m2

S04

S-

Vestibule A: 8 m2 Lobby A: 85 m2

Embalming A: 12 m2

Kitchen A: 21 m2

Storage A: 7 m2

S-04 Building Section 1:200 Library A: 44 m2

Classroom A: 31 m2 -

Worship A: 195 m2

East Elevation 1:200 Office A: 16 m2

Disp. Minaret

Mihrab

Minbar

Ablution / wc A: 32 m2

Ele va tio n

Ea st Ele va tio n

Ablution / wc A: 26 m2

S-

03

So ut h

S-

01

S-

04

S-03 Building Section 1:200

Authors

0. -

VALRYGG architecture Anita Valrygg, Denmark 03

Ele va tio n

6.5 00

S04

S02 -

No rth S-

S01

North Elevation 1:200

2.5 00

Harri Kaplan and Kevin Villem

Ground Floor 1:200

West Elevation 1:200

W es tE le va tio n

Authors

S02

6.0 00

Tech room, disp. roomStorage A: 58 m2

So ut h

Ele va


Proposal 57 - 86183 The whole program is on the ground floor except for a library and technical room on the first floor. The building’s structure is composed on a triangular geometry with characteristic roof structure and lantern with coloured glass. A colour code is applied to the windows so interiors

Proposal 58 - 90211 The shape of the building is irregular, divided roughly into two: Building parts with green roofs and a building ascending and ending in a minaret. The exterior is light, but the minaret stands out in shape and material, it is rather massive in context with the rest of the building. The entrance is clear and the

will take different hues according to sun position and time of year. The exterior is clad in polished granite and copper and appears quite expressive. The strong expression is somewhat strange in the neighbourhood.

process of entering the worship room is well organised. The worship room and the assembly room are not directly connected, their shapes are questionable for their function. The approach to a smart natural ventilation system is praiseworthy.

Mosque

Design competition

Inside library overlooking walking- and bicycle path.

Enterance looking towards worship hall and auditorium.

Vision In designing the first mosque in Iceland it was important to give it a distinctive identity, yet respect it´s surrounding landscape and neighbors. Connecting the building´s activities to the outside, while encouraging information seeking to the mosque´s education center and library, was a consistent reminder during the design process. The building evolved into two parts, a west and east wing divided but connected with a glazed canyon. East wing hosts the religious ritual part of the mosque. West wing serves as an educational center with the auditorium, library, classroom and service facilities such as the kitchen and office. A courtyard facing south can conveniently be accessed by hallway between kitchen and auditorium. Arriving to the mosque, we felt, it should be no less of a spiritual experience than praying inside the worship. The canyon between the wings stretches out to each end of the site. The skylight forms the ice crystal pattern of the Icelandic “frost rose”, combining the tradition of using patterns in Muslim buildings and the natural pattern formed in Iceland. Overpassing water to enter the mosque refers to the cleansing journey the visitor is about to embark on. Inside the mosque, the visitor can take of his shoes, coat and head on to the ablution. Visitor exits ablution back into the canyon, having gone through layers of cleansing, and continues his journey towards the worship. At the end of the canyon, where worship hall is entered, visitor overlooks a reflection pond and a garden, making the journey come full circle.

We made conscious decisions on using nature to help with lighting and ventilation. We use excavations to elongate the sound barrier already present so that traffic sounds can be minimized. We strive to use domestic materials like concrete, larch, and dolerite Terrazzo, for ecological reasons and low maintenance.

Mosque

Ventilation: The dynamic shape of the building enables natural ventilation using adjustable vents at the windows. The west wing folds down towards traffic and prevailing SE winds during winter with a turf roof that opens up into the neighborhood and it´s residents. During summer the glazed façade captures the prevailing NW wind, cooling the building. Total net size of building = 802 m2

June 2015

1

Authors

Authors

Richard Murphy Architects, UK

Rebekka Morrison and Gunnar Bergmann

Association: Úti og Inni arkitektar, Baldur Ó. Svavarsson architect FAÍ og Jón Þór Þorvaldsson architect FAÍ.

90211

Lighting: LED and natural lighting. NW façade is glazed, allowing natural lighting in along with the canyon letting in sunlight from the south.

Design competition

90211


Proposal 59 - 91951

Proposal 60 - 95153

The new mosque is composed with five square shapes according to the golden ratio. The program is distributed on three floors with a library and classroom on the first floor, parking and technical facilities in the basement, and the rest

on ground floor. Interiors are simple and create a non distracting space for worship. The layout of the square shaped building parts are playful, but the exterior seems massive. The building exceeds the building lines on all sides of the lot.

An interesting approach, a building which integrates into its surroundings. The landscape ascends and turns into a green roof and the worship hall is placed on top of it. The exterior is humble, offering beautiful sceneries by night. The interior is spacious and

offers interesting spaces. The entrance of the building is clear and welcoming and the arrangement of shoe shelves is original. The organization does not fulfill requirements, the assembly and the worship hall are not directly connected.

Glass

Glass

Glass

The main entrance of the mosque

LIBRARY

qibla

hoe rack

Glass

Stairs

Elevator

Glass

Interior of the prayer hall

44.5M2

ORAGE

DISP

Glass

CLASS ROOM

WORSHIP SPACE

Elevation North

38.3M2

202.9M2

Plan - 1st floor 1:200

Mihrab

A

(03) 1.sal_02 Print B

Minbar

1

qib

la

1 : 200

10.7M2

6.

Stairs

°

00

15.2M2

10

EMBALMING

7M2

N

Entrance

VESTIBULE

STORAGE

Authors

Elevator

KITCHEN

Stairs

Q Authors

qibla

Shoe rack

22.1M2

STORAGE

A

Plan Site

7M2 Stage

OFFICE

The Masjid - to create a spiritual space of worship and prostration 25M2 2 work Glass stations The prayer hallCLOAK has ROOM a more introverted expression. The concentration of the prayer demands a more closed gestalt. The SHOE STORAGE WORSHIP SPACE Benches 202.9M2 prayer hall has24.9M2 a simple geometricAUDITORIUM shape, directed towards Mecca. Meeting

Claus Jörgensen

105M2, 100 pers.

RESTROOM MEN We believe one needs solitude and alienation in order to establish a private communication with God. This feeling of aloABLUTION RESTROOM WOMEN complain, praise and plead with all the heart. 32.9M2 neness frees one to confide, ABLUTION 25.4M2

Mihrab

A

We believe the interior atmosphere can help building spirituality, and for that we have chosen a very simple and therefore non-distracting space, when drawing the floor, walls and roof of the Masjid. Plan - Ground floor

Minbar Visual 1:200effects from the ground proves to be a major disturbance which easily causes the congregation to feel uncomfortable and loss of concentration. When someone makes a ritual of worship and bows, eyes will be drawn down, the area B of view will be limited and the floor area will be the dominant factor, from a visual perspective.

This is why the floor is covered in a simple, soft colored and thick carpet, where haptic impressions from the carpet creates feelings of warmth during prostrations. Avoiding disturbing stimuli from affecting the concentration. We also believe that the existence of calligraphy and ornaments can be quite disturbing, why we have chosen very simp- to atmosphere, create a spiritual space le and mono-coloredStairs floors and walls. The noise is another factor that greatly affectsThe theMasjid spiritual why we of worship and prostration hall has a more introverted expression. The concentration of the prayer demands a more closed gestalt. The TECHNICAL ROOM thick walls towards Miklabraut. Through acoustic wall solutions weThe focus on creating aimprayer to prevent noise caused by the Elevator 44.8M2 prayer hall has a simple geometric shape, directed towards Mecca. mosque’s diverse functions tp spread within its limited space. We believe one needs solitude and alienation in order to establish a private communication with God. This feeling of alo-

neness frees one to confide, complain, praise and plead with all the heart. The absence of disturbances is key to create a spiritual space of worship and prostration.

We believe the interior atmosphere can help building spirituality, and for that we have chosen a very simple and therefore non-distracting space, when drawing the floor, walls and roof of the Masjid. PARKING

Collective Works and Makespace United Kingdom Khuzema Hussain and Shahed Saleem

Elevation East


Proposal 61 - 98013

Proposal 62 - 120842

The building is shaped as the site’s boundary with an expressive roof structure perpendicular to the direction of Mecca ending in a tall minaret. The plan is simple and the building functions well with a distribution of the program M

O

S

Q

U

E

I

The building consists of a dome, a building surrounding the dome, a kind of a platform, which the building stands on and a minaret. The building seems massive with several different elements and does not interact much with the environment. The material and texture

similar to the majority of proposals in the competition. The proposal is well explained and presented, but the overall appearance did not convince the jury as the first purpose-built mosque in Iceland.

N

R

E

Y

View North-West_ Parc

K

Y

A

V

I

of the minaret is interesting and works well with a light facade. The location of the embalming room is unfortunate. The worship room has an irregular shape and the connection to the assembly room is not very strong.

| I C E L A N D REYKJAVÍK | 1 A MOSQUE IN SOGAMÝRI,

K

View South-West_ Main Street

View South-East_ Mineret

View North-East_ Entrance

+19,50

Section M 1_200

+9,36 +6,80 to 8,50

+3,15

±0,00

-2,95

Mosque Reykjavík _ A building as a moving landscape Objective: The aim of the draft is to create a space for the Muslim Community in the heart of Reykjavik where people can practice their spiritual life. The goal is to create a landmark of an open minded society that integrates different religions and cultures with respect and tolerance. The building offers rooms of introversion and silence in contrast to transparent and open activity areas. As a singular sculpture the building presents itself with a confident appearance and contemporary design. It makes a statement in an area of mixed building development. Forms and proportions are inspired by the Iceland landscape. The folded roof in the direction towards Mecca rises up to the height of the Minaret. Although it is a high tower it is incorporated in the overall design and welcomes all the visitors. The whole building is a moving landscape on the backdrop of the Iceland Mountains. Basic building materials such as wood, metal and glass reflect the simplicity of our design approach.

Authors

Concept: Entering the building from the North, the outer walls and a protected place with a fountain are guiding the visitors into the main entrance of the Mosque. In the vestibule, one can take off the shoes, so they can reach all the rooms inside the Mosque shoeless. The high –ceilinged lobby is entrance area and connection of the two storeys. The ground floor with the sacred hall, assembly hall, kitchen, cloak area and service rooms - the second floor with library, office and teaching room. All rooms can be reached easily. Also a visual connection up to the second floor balcony is established through the airspace above the lobby. The elevator for his part physically links the underground parking with the two floors above ground. In this design, washing rooms are on right-hand sight from the worship space. Gender separated, visitors can finish the ceremonial washing, before entering the worship space for the prayers. For the lighting concept in the worship space, all the windows are directed to the Qibla wall with the Minbar and the Minrab. The Worship hall is the highest room in the Mosque. The assembly hall is next to the Worship hall. For bigger religious festivities or events, both rooms can be combined into one big space with more than 300 square

ArchitekturWerkstatt Vallentin GmbH, Germany

meters through moveable walls between them. The lobby with the washing rooms fulfills the function of an inner courtyard, and is merged with the worship space for religious festivities. The kitchen, close to the entrance and with an open buffet provides a catering for those events which easily can be reached. Nature and sustainability: Iceland’s coast is a sub-polar oceanic climate. Therefore a high efficient heating system is more than necessary. A system of a low measured heating and ventilation system with heat regaining ensures a steady temperature throughout the year and provides as well as warm temperature in winter and clean air in the building. Outer walls up to 60cm and post and beam-construction will allow enough space for thermal insulation. Additionally big windows on the south side of the building will support the floor heating system to heat up passively throughout the colder months. The energy demand can be reduced down to 15 kw/h/ m² per year. The final aim is to reach Passive House standard with as less technology as possible, to ensure most possible comfort inside the building.

In collaboration with: Gunnar S. Óskarsson architect FAÍ

FIRST FLOOR PLAN scale. 1:200

Authors Frostmark ehf, Reykjavík Jón Guðmundsson architect

ROOF PLAN

Bearing Walls

N

scale. 1:200

3-Building Layers Facade Columns

Roof Folder

Mosque

1:200

0

2

4

6

8

10 m

Site plan M 1_500

BASEMENT FLOOR PLAN

VEST ELEVATION


Profile for ARKITEKTAFÉLAG ÍSLANDS

Mosque in Reykjavik domnefndaralit 2  

Competition for designing a mosque in Reykjavik, result of the jury

Mosque in Reykjavik domnefndaralit 2  

Competition for designing a mosque in Reykjavik, result of the jury

Advertisement