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Buck up, Wildcats

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Classes are canceled, work is postponed and suddenly everyone’s a rodeo fan... it can only mean one thing: La Fiesta de los Vaqueros is back

Friday, February 17, 2017 –­ Sunday, February 19, 2017 VOLUME 110 ISSUE 60

SCIENCE | PAGE 9

pg. 10 UA STUDY LOOKS AT CRYOVOLCANOS ON DWARF PLANET CERES

SPORTS | PAGE 15 MARKKANEN OVERCOMES FRESHMAN WALL TO LEAD ‘CATS TO WIN OVER COUGARS

COURTNEY TALAK/THE DAILY WILDCAT

A YOUNG COWBOY WATCHES as competitors line up for the first event at the 91st Annual La Fiesta De Los Vaqueros in Tucson on Feb. 20, 2016.

President search committee begins ‘discussions’ with prospects BY SAM GROSS @samzgross

The University of Arizona Presidential Search Committee began “discussions” with prospects for the open UA presidential post yesterday, with the talks continuing into today at a Phoenix-area hotel, confirming search committee chair Bill Ridenour’s assertion

earlier this week that the search is nearing its completion. Julie Newberg, communications director for the Arizona Board of Regents, confirmed that the committee is having discussions with presidential prospects during the meeting. Ridenour told the Daily Wildcat Feb. 15 that the committee intended on

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beginning interviews with the fewer than 20 remaining prospects this month. He added the committee could select a new president as soon as next month. “It depends on whether the committee, and more importantly the board of regents, is satisfied that we have the proper person to lead the UA,” Ridenour said. “I feel the

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Ya-Hooo! Feb. 23rd & Feb. 24th | Lunch: 11am - 2pm • Dinner: 4:30 - 7:30pm

prospect pool is strong enough that we can make a decision by early March.” Follwing these discussions, the committee will compile a list of potential candidates and forward them to the board for further review. It is not uncommon for conversations with presidential prospects to happen at neutral

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Friday — Sunday Feb. 17 ­­— Feb. 19 Page 2

NEWS

Editor: Andrew Paxton news@dailywildcat.com (520) 621-7579

Students raise guide dogs with Paws for Cause BY PHIL BRAMWELL @ PhilBramwellMMA

Paws for Cause, a local group working to train guide dogs for the blind, gives UA students a chance to give back while also having a furry friend to hang out with. “We truly bond with the puppies and grow with them,” said Lindsey Chew, a junior neuroscience major. “I love that they love us back.” Despite the bond that puppies and their raisers share, there is still a learning curve for the students as not every dog reacts the same way to a situation. “We must get to know our puppy’s personality,” Chew said. “We have to learn which activities are the most fun, the distractions that are the biggest hurdle for him to overcome.” Chew said she enjoys seeing him make progress. As dogs get older, they are exposed to environments that are more stimulating. “It is good to take them to environments where they are going to have to be quiet or if they have to get used to clapping, we take them to the movies,” Chew said. During the hard moments, she thinks about the contribution that her dog, Juan, will make for someone when his training concludes. “I love knowing that they have a big future ahead, enabling the independence of their visually impaired partners and changing their lives,” Chew said. Training a dog is helping her improve in other areas. “Paying attention to Juan’s behavior has definitely pushed my awareness to a new level. I pay attention to details around me in a different way than before,” Chew said. She noted that puppy raisers and the puppies themselves have the same goals. “The puppies bring people together, no matter how different we may seem on the outside. Our dogs are having an impact on the world,” Chew said. Paws for Cause allowed her to extend her service beyond a single event, she said. There are no breaks in the dog’s training during the raising process. Raisers must teach their puppies essential skills that

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NORIKO, WHO’S 7 MONTHS old, curiously stares while resisting the urge to interact with the other pups just a few feet away. Paws for Cause allows UA students to help train puppies who will eventually become guide dogs for the blind.

they will need to help a person in an effective manner. “When I go home for the day, I can continue to make a difference. When I watch Netflix, I work with Juan on his daily exercises,” she said. Tayler Markle, a high school student from Marana, trains a puppy names Reona. “She came up to me with a sock in her mouth while I was watching TV. She started picking things up just to bring them to me,” she said. Markle’s favorite part of raising her puppy is training.

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“It is the proudest moment of your life when a dog learns to lay down for you. I cried,” she said. Regardless of the path that a puppy takes, it is emotional when a raiser says goodbye to a puppy. However, raisers remind themselves that they played a small role in improving another person’s life. “It’s a bitter-sweet moment, but helping people is their purpose,” said Daniel Giannotti a mathematics graduate student.

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The Daily Wildcat • 3

News • Friday, February 17-Sunday, February 19, 2017

Candidates move onto ASUA general election BY ELIZABETH O’CONNELL @_eoconnell

Matthew Lubisich and Stefano Saltalamacchia have advanced to the Associated Students for the University of Arizona general elections as presidential candidates for the upcoming general election. Emily Hastings and David McGarey, the executive vice president candidates, and Nora Browning and Lorenzo Johnson, administrative vice president candidates, are also moving on to the general election after finishing as the top two candidates. Lubisich came out on top of the four other presidential candidates with a total of 1,936 votes. Stefano followed him with 1,027 votes. The primary voting took place Feb. 14-15. “I was super excited by the results, obviously,” Lubisich said. “It just shows how much work we’ve put in.” But he said his work is not finished. He wants to reach out to more groups on campus for a bigger voter turnout during the general elections. Hastings tallied 1,473 votes for the executive VP position, beating out McGarey by only 21 votes. “Obviously you always hope that you come out on top,” McGarey said.

PHOTOS COURTESY DELANEY GREEN

ASUA PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATES MATT Lubisich (left) and Stefano Saltalamacchia (right) will advance to the general election to be held on Feb. 28 and March 1 after earning the most votes during the primary on Feb. 14-15.

“At the same time, it is fun to be an underdog. I wouldn’t say it was necessarily exactly what I was expecting, but I can’t act surprised because she is throwing a

great campaign and I have to respect it.” Hastings on the other hand was surprised by the results. She said she could have worked harder during the

Scholarship program sends Pasqua girls to Space Camp BY HENRY CARSON @dailywildcat

On Wednesday evening, the new Taking Up Space scholarship program held a fundraising and awareness event at The R Bar in downtown Tucson. Taking Up Space is a new scholarship program that sends middle school girls from the Pascua Yaqui tribe to Space Camp and encourages them to pursue career and education paths in science, technology, engineering and math. The program is part of nonprofit organization Time in Cosmology, which aims to encourage the study of time in the fields of physics and cosmology. The goal of the scholarship is to send four middle school girls from the Pascua Yaqui tribe to Space Camp each summer for three years, all expenses paid.

TiC Director Czarina Salido expressed how important the program is for STEM education on the reservation. “They’re going to be talking to the rest of the girls and giving a presentation of what they learned,” Salido said. “We’re also hoping to have a video diary for them so they can record their adventures out there.” Salido mentors students on the Pascua Yaqui reservation, visiting weekly to-do science demonstrations and field trips. The students will also be making science fair projects this year. Taking Up Space’s Brooke Balla also spoke of the importance of STEM education both in and out of the classroom. Balla explained that, by coordinating with science leaders and groups in the community, Taking Up Space helps to provide an enriching and fun STEM experience for children

on the Pascua Yaqui reservation. Members of New Orleans funk band Galactic joined with local scientists and artists at the event before performing at the Rialto Theatre later that evening. Large arrays of space art decorated the venue courtesy of local artists and a telescope was set up outside by a local astronomer for event goers to view the night sky. Space Camp will give the girls an opportunity to participate in NASA mission simulations, develop team building skills on ropes courses and possibly even meet an astronaut. According to the National Girls Collaborative Project, women make up 29 percent of the science and engineering workforce despite representing half of the U.S. college-educated workforce. This underrepresentation of women in STEM is more evident among

racial and ethnic minority groups, including Native Americans. Taking Up Space aims to address this deficit by informing Pascua Yaqui girls about education and career paths in STEM and exposing them to opportunities like Space Camp during their formative middle school years. Salido was inspired to get involved when she went to the space camp herself last summer. “It’s so much fun and it’s so empowering,” Salido said of the program. “I hope they come back really inspired and want to get into STEM.” Taking Up Space will be starting with the Pascua Yaqui tribe this year, but the organization aims to eventually extend to other Native American nations in Arizona.

primaries. Now she plans on going out to talk with more club leaders, sororities and fraternities and just getting students interested in voting. “David McGarey is tough competition, and I’m really glad we both had really competitive scores,” Hastings said. The top two administrative VP candidates’ voting also came down to a close race. Browning received 1,452 votes and Johnson followed with 1,395. “The first time around I definitely didn’t reach out to as many clubs and organizations as I would have liked,” Johnson said. Now he plans on seeking more endorsements and reaching out to cultural centers, Greek life and incorporating all corners of campus. Browning’s next step is to let students know what platforms she is running for. “I think a lot of ASUA election is just a popularity contest, and I’m going to try to make sure people don’t vote for me just because they know me.” Browning said. “I want to get my platforms out more so people understand that I’m running on a really solid ground.” Both VP debates are Feb. 22 and the presidential debates are Feb. 27. The general election will be Feb. 28 and March 1.

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locations as opposed to having candidates actually visit university campuses. The official presidential search guidelines mention that a campus visit for one or more candidates is a possibility, though Ridenour doesn’t seem optimistic. “I would say it’s unlikely,” Ridenour said. “I am not closing the door on that. We’ve got eight regents and they will make that decision.” The 2011 presidential search, which resulted in the hiring of Ann Weaver Hart, functioned in much the same way, with candidates and committee members meeting in neutral locations, according to emails obtained in a public records request by the Daily Wildcat. A Nov. 8, 2011, email from secretary to the regents, Peggy Martin, outlines plans for the committee to travel to Salt Lake City to meet with “one to three prospects” at a hotel close to the airport. President Hart was named as the incoming president early the following February. No information about who the prospects are has been made available at this time. —J.D. Molinary contributed to the reporting of this story


4 • The Daily Wildcat

Advertisement • Friday, February 17-Sunday, February 19, 2017

WEDNESDAY FEBRUARY 22 6:30 PM

FINDING OSCAR The Center for Border & Global Journalism will host a free screening of the Steven Spielbergproduced documentary about a 1982 massacre in Guatemala, where the only survivors were two young boys. A Q&A with the film’s team will follow. WHERE: UA Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering Building (AME) 202 Auditorium, 1130 Mountain Ave. (NE corner of Mountain and Speedway). Parking east of the building. maps.arizona.edu Co-sponsors: Center for Latin American Studies; School of Theatre, Film & Television; Center for Documentary; The Daily Wildcat/UATV-3


The Daily Wildcat • 5

News • Friday, February 17-Sunday, February 19, 2017

POLICE BEAT

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BY ANGELA MARTINEZ @anmartinez2120

Union Student Union Student Union in the

Drunk student passed out on sidewalk A University of Arizona Police Department officer was conducting building checks on Feb. 8 when a concerned citizen made contact with him in regard to a college-aged female passed out on the sidewalk near Linkins Hall. The female was being supported by two other females upon UAPD and Tucson Fire Department’s arrival. She was identified as a UA student, unconscious and covered in vomit. One of the females who supported her stated she was with the female at an unknown off-campus house party and saw her take multiple “pulls” from a vodka bottle. The intoxicated female remained unconscious during TFD’s medical examination and an ambulance took her to UMC. The officer contacted the female through phone multiple times to speak to her about the incident. She answered days later and agreed to an interview. The officer diverted her to the Dean of Students for a code of conduct violation.

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Lunch: 11am - 2pm Dinner: 4:30 - 7:30pm

Find us downstairs 520-626-6245 Business Center Find us Business downstairs Center 520-626-6245 Find us downstairs 520-626-6245

Skateboarders trouble UA employee A UAPD officer spoke to a UA employee complaining about two males skateboarding between Saguaro Hall and South Hall on a set of stairs, Feb. 8. The employee told the officer that as she talked to her friend near the steps she noticed the males began jumping off the stairway. One of the skateboarders struck her right heel when he landed. She asked the male to watch where he landed and asked for an apology. The male told her to “get out of the way” and continued his skateboarding. His friend proceeded to videotape with a cellphone. The employee then told the male not to skateboard and said she was contacting the police. The skateboarders quickly left before the officer arrived. The employee did not want to press charges but explained she wanted the skateboarders warned and wanted the incident documented. The woman’s husband forwarded a video of the skateboarders to the officer’s email who provided a case number for the incident.

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Friday — Sunday Feb. 17 ­­— Feb. 19 Page 6

OPINIONS

Editor: Scott Felix opinion@dailywildcat.com (520) 621-7579

Michael Flynn resigns as National Security Adviser BY RAAD ZAGHLOUL @RaadZaghloul

T

he ongoing saga of retired General Michael Flynn, which culminated on Monday with his resignation from his post as National Security Advisor, stands out as the grossest example of the Trump administration’s unique blend of moral dereliction and systematic incompetence. For those of you counting at home, we are less than 2 percent of the way through President Trump’s first term and we are already witnessing a disregard of law not seen since the twilight days of the Nixon administration. In 1974, when it was obvious just how involved then-President Nixon was in the Watergate scandal, a Republican representative from Indiana named Earl Landgrebe went on the Today show. Asked to comment on the president’s malfeasance, he said that he remained loyal to Nixon. Confronted with all the evidence, he replied simply, “Don’t confuse me with the facts.” Apparently, the entire Trump administration has become Earl Landgrebe. Despite the fact that Ret. Gen. Flynn was in contact with Russian officials in the time immediately before Russia declined to impose retaliatory sanctions on the U.S., despite the fact that he lied about this to the press, to his president and to the people and despite the fact that he likely committed treason, the former National Security Advisor was called a “wonderful man” by President Trump. Although at this point it is almost not worth repeating the semicoherent word diarrhea from one of Sean Spicer’s daily regurgitations, the eminently mockable press secretary insisted that Flynn “did nothing wrong.” This is weeks after the Justice Department advised the White House about Flynn’s potentially illegal ties to Russia. When Vice President Mike Pence went on national television Jan. 15 and said that no part of the White House was in contact with Russia, was he lying or kept out of the loop? When the Russian deputy foreign minister said there was communication between Russia and the

DARYL CAGLE, CAGLECARTOONS.COM

Trump campaign, was he lying? There seems to be evidence that there’s been significant contact between Putin’s Russia and the Trump campaign and White House. Now the questions that face the president will resemble the ones that plagued Nixon for two years: What did you know? When did you know it? What happens after that is pure speculation, speculation rendered even more useless by an erratic and logic-immune commander-in-chief. However, the current administration’s total unwillingness to face reality or accept responsibility resembles that of a crumbling monarchy, not that of a new presidential administration.

The Daily Wildcat Editorial Policy Daily Wildcat staff editorials represent the official opinion of the Daily Wildcat staff, which is determined at staff editorial meetings. Columns, cartoons, online comments and letters to the editors do not represent the opinion of the Daily Wildcat.

It’s fun to watch god-tier bullshit peddler Kellyanne Conway do her thing. It is even more fun to watch Spicer try to contain his disdain for anyone holding a microphone. But both of these SNL-ready characters reveal an administration that’s actively disdainful of reality. It’s difficult to express how dangerous this is without resorting to hysteria. But, remember this: The best-case scenario moving forward is that Flynn acted on his own sleazy volition. That would mean that the Trump team is so incompetent that it was unaware that the National Security Adviser was able to regularly communicate with a country currently under U.S. sanctions without anybody thinking to raise the alarm.

That is the best-case scenario. The bottom line is that there needs to be some kind of bipartisan investigation of this, at the very least. The Republican inclination to use Trump to get conservative legislation passed is understandable, but issues of basic morality and national security should take precedent. Of course, that may not happen. Witness Kentucky’s second-worst son, Sen. Rand Paul, moral paragon extraordinaire: “I just don’t think it’s useful to be doing investigation after investigation, particularly of your own party. We’ll never even get started with doing the things we need to do.” If you listen closely, you can hear the sound of Hillary Clinton hitting her head against the wall.

Contact Us The Daily Wildcat accepts original, unpublished letters from readers. Email letters to the editor to opinion@dailywildcat.com. Letters should include name, connection to the university (year, major, etc.) and contact information. Send snail mail to: 615 N. Park Ave. Tucson, AZ 85719. Letters should be no longer than 350 words and should refrain from personal attacks.


The Daily Wildcat • 7

Opinions • Friday, February 17-Sunday, February 19, 2017

Advice for President Trump: Don’t trust Putin BY CHICAGO TRIBUNE (TRIBUNE NEWS SERVICE)

W

e’re wondering which turns out to be the bigger bombshell development regarding Russia: Is it the forced resignation of President Donald Trump’s national security adviser or Vladimir Putin’s reported secret deployment of a menacing new cruise missile? Granted, the first story is significant. There’s a lot we still don’t know about Michael Flynn’s ouster Monday night. Flynn had to go, the White House said Tuesday afternoon, because he wasn’t forthright about conversations he had with Russia’s ambassador to the U.S. More about that below. But whoa, that second story, the one literally about Russian bombshells, is also troubling. These missiles—medium-range, nuclear tipped—violate a long-standing treaty. The United States cannot allow an adversary to disregard a missile accord without paying a price. Otherwise, such agreements become worthless. The New York Times, citing government sources, said Tuesday that Russia deployed a ground-launched cruise missile in violation of the 1987 Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty. The Arms Control Association called Russia’s alleged move a breach of the U.S.-Russia architecture that helped halt the Cold War nuclear arms race. These Russian missiles were in development for years, and the focus of some mild protests by the Obama White House. Then in December, just after Trump’s election, one battery of the missiles went active in Russia, the Times said. Every White House administration faces early tests of its resolve. Ready or not, Trump is at risk of being outfoxed by Putin and needs to respond. From his time as a candidate through his first month in office, Trump’s behavior toward Putin has seemed more ingratiating than skeptical. Back in September, Trump said Putin was more of a leader than Barack Obama was. We didn’t understand Trump’s bizarre fascination with the former KGB autocrat during the election, and we don’t get it now. Vladimir Putin, who annexed Crimea and now dabbles in Ukraine, is not to be trusted. Trump’s buddying up really does defy description, partly because too much of his fixation is opaque. The president has said he has no business deals in Russia, but he never released his tax returns, which could provide clarity on his business transactions involving foreign countries. There are also the murky circumstances of Russia’s hacking activities designed to undermine Hillary Clinton’s campaign. Then along comes Flynn, who had numerous phone calls with the Russian ambassador during the transition and misled Vice President Mike Pence about details of those calls. One apparent topic of conversation: Obama administration sanctions against Russia. We don’t know the details of those calls. If Flynn talked about lifting sanctions, that could be a violation of law

ADAM ZYGLIS, THE BUFFALO NEWS

because private citizens can’t negotiate U.S. disputes with foreign governments. The White House said it saw nothing illegal; Trump asked for Flynn’s resignation over a loss of trust. But there may be more to the Flynn situation. The FBI reportedly interviewed him about the calls. The Justice Department warned the White House weeks ago that it knew Flynn wasn’t being honest, which could have set him up to be blackmailed by the Russians. All of this drama for Trump and a country to run, too. If the president thought he was buying himself time to deal with Russia

by avoiding confrontation early on, that’s clearly backfired. Cleaning up the Flynn mess requires finding a strong replacement as national security adviser as quickly as possible and cooperating with any investigations. On Russia’s missile gambit, the U.S. needs to respond to this provocation. That could include more sanctions or deploying counter-weapons in Europe. And one more piece of advice we never thought we’d have to give a president: Vladimir Putin is not your friend.

LETTER TO THE EDITOR

Tucson red tags have gotten out of control

BY CLARK KNOBEL POLITICAL SCIENCE, JUNIOR

Red tag laws are meant to protect the Tucson community, but they are being used to target UA and Pima Community College students. The city ordinance imposes enormous fines on students and even greater fines on the student if they

try to fight an unjust red tag in court. The only requirements to receive a red tag are five plus people on the property and a noise complaint. However, the “unruly” noise level is up to the TPD’s discretion and seems to be exempt from due process. The law is intentionally left vague so more red tags can be issued. In addition, students splitting rent by having roommates may have close to five

people living in one house and can receive a red tag by having a friend over; houses with five or more occupants can receive a red tag at any time. Many students, some who are already saving money by having these roommates, cannot afford to contest the red tag and have no choice but to accept the $500 fine. The city of Tucson needs to implement regulations, such as creating

a minimum noise level or raising the five plus person limit, that restrict the issuance of red tags only to situations that deserve them. This is not only a problem for students; if you have more than five people in your house and have “unruly” noise you may be subject to a red tag. Make a difference against this law and fight to make the law less vague by signing the petition against red tags.


Friday — Sunday Feb. 17 ­­— Feb. 19 Page 8

SCIENCE

Editor: Logan Nagel science@dailywildcat.com (520) 621-7579

Error correction tech startup increases its funding BY SERENA CONDE @SerenaNConde

Every day millions of people are uploading, texting and sharing information online, but consider where and how this information is being stored. Codelucida, a startup largely based on research done at the UA, has developed an innovative technology to enhance the efficiency and reliability of data storage products. According to the Department of Energy, there are 3 million data centers in the U.S., which adds up to about one center for every 100 people. These centers are continually processing and storing information and constantly using an exorbitant amount of energy. In order to serve their needs, Codelucida is in the process of using recent investment to fund commercial scale distribution of their errorcorrection technology. The company was recently funded $700,000 to market this data storage technology by angel investment groups, including Tucson’s Desert Angels, Tech Coast Angels and Arizona’s Tech Investors. This adds to their previous funding of $900,000 from the National Science Foundation. The technology behind Codelucida was originally researched by its co-founders during their doctoral studies. The company’s chief scientific officer, Bane Vasic, is a professor of electrical and computer engineering at the UA. Shiva Planjery, Codelucida CEO, received his doctorate in electrical engineering from the UA and another from the University of Cergy-Pontoise, France. David Decler, chief technology officer, is a professor at the ENSEA university in Cergy-Pontoise, France. Codelucida’s technology uses coding to correct the errors that occur in flash memory drives while also reducing their silicon footprint. “The system architect designs the code to catch and rectify errors and anomalies in the system, like in [the film] ‘The Matrix.’” Vasic explained. “The code runs behind the scenes and the decoder

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UA COMPUTER SCIENCE DEPARTMENT’S Beichuan Zhang shows the network hardware that he and four UA students are using for a recent internet technology, Green Net. The data storage centers that Codelucida will cater to are far larger.

present[s] correct data to the user despite the many, many errors that actually happen.” Once they completed their research it was then a matter of getting their product into industry. Tech Launch Arizona is an office at the UA that helps patent, license and commercialize intellectual property originating from scientific research done at the UA. TLA’s Tech Transfer Arizona office provides services to faculty members hoping to commercialize their work. “Basically, researchers and faculty here come up with inventions, they tell our office about those inventions, we work with them and outside attorneys to get protected and then we look for ways to commercialize that invention; and

a percentage of the cases, those inventors want to create a company around that technology,” said Tech Transfer Arizona senior director Doug Hockstad. TLA, along with Arizona Center of Innovation, has been working with Codelucida to patent and market their technology for viable, widespread use. “They have a strong team,” said Joann MacMaster, business development director for TLA. “They have strong intellectual property, they have good market opportunity and they have interest from early stage customers.” Vasic echoed MacMaster’s opinion. “We are currently talking with potential customers, big companies that make storage

systems and hopefully soon we will start customization of our chip to their needs,” Vasic said. The market demand for a product that stores data efficiently is growing fast. Correction of the vast amounts of errors that occur within these data centers consumes a great deal of energy. Without improvement, Vasic estimated that by 2020 America will require 17 new power plants just for data centers. According to IBM, humans are producing 2.5 quintillion bytes of data every day and 90 percent of it has been created in the last two years. This stresses the importance of energyefficient data storage on a large, industrial scale. “You want to make sure that you understand that the focus is

not on the technology,” Planjery said. “You want to focus on the problem you’re trying to solve in the market. The technology is only the means to solve that problem.” Students and graduates of the UA who are interested in, or have ideas for, creating problem-solving technology or starting up their own business have many accessible resources at their disposal. Hockstad recommends that students take advantage of the resources that are available to them. “Tech Launch is a resource that is available to them to help them go down that path of commercializing that tech and starting a company and if it doesn’t cost them anything, it’s hugely valuable,” Hockstad said.


The Daily Wildcat • 9

Science • Friday, February 17-Sunday, February 19, 2017

Icy space volcanoes once dotted dwarf planet Ceres is thought to have a single cryovolcano on its surface. A UA postdoc thinks it once had more, and he can explain why BY HANNAH DAHL @Hannah_Dahl715

A recent UA study proposed that Ahuna Mons, the sole inhabitant on the dwarf planet Ceres, may once have been joined by other cryovolcanoes. Ahuna Mons, the largest feature on Ceres, was recently discovered by the Dawn spacecraft in 2015 and is thought to be a cryovolcano. Standing at four kilometers high and shaped like a cone, Ahuna Mons is certainly hard to miss. “What motivated our work was just asking the question, why is there this one very prominent feature on Ceres? Imagine if there was only one volcano on all of Earth. That would be a pretty strange thing,” said Mike Sori, the lead investigator of the study and a postdoctoral researcher at the UA Lunar and Planetary Laboratory. Sori and his team proposed that Ahuna Mons was not always alone on Ceres. Other cryovolcanoes once existed, but through a process known as viscous relaxation, are no longer visible to the eye. Cryovolcanoes are similar to volcanoes on Earth, except for instead of having a molten rock magma core, they contain liquid water, Sori said. However, the fact that there is ice in objects in the solar system doesn’t necessarily mean the planet is going to be inhabitable any time soon. “Water in its solid form is actually very common once you get to the outer solar system,” Sori said. “All of the solid bodies in the outer solar system are largely composed of ice, and by that I mean their entire volume.” However, the temperatures on these objects are so low the ice remains solid, unable to ever reach the surface in a liquid form, Sori adds. The fact that Ahuna Mons may be a cryovolcano isn’t the only thing that makes it unique. “Ahuna Mons’ surface appears to be really young,”

NASA/JPL/SPACE SCIENCE INSTITUTE

RECENT CASSINI IMAGES OF Saturn’s moon Enceladus backlit by the sun show the fountain-like sources of the fine spray of material from a cryovolcano that towers over the south polar region. The cryovolcano Ahuna Mons on Ceres is a similar feature.

said Ali Bramson, a co-author on the study and a graduate student in planetary sciences and geosciences. “Given that the solar system and most of the bodies in it are on the order of 4.5 billion years old, it would be very rare if cryovolcanism only really started happening very recently.” In order to date objects in the solar system, scientists look at the number of craters on the object’s surface, Sori said. The more craters, the older the object is. While Ceres only has a few craters, the idea that the dwarf planet is very young doesn’t make a lot of sense, scientifically. It would be unusual for an object to remain geologically dead for most of its history and then

suddenly become geologically active in the past 100 million years, a geologically recent timeframe, Sori said. The solution to this puzzle appears to lie in a process known as viscous relaxation. Sori describes viscous relaxation as the idea that after a long period of time, topography will begin to flow, similar to squeezing honey out of a bottle and watching it shift into a flattened shape. “We see this on Earth,” Sori said. “Glaciers on Earth are, by definition, perennial ice that flows over time.” If Ahuna Mons is a cryovolcano, then it’s possible other ice volcanoes once existed on Ceres and, through the process of viscous

relaxation, have now been erased from our sight. If this is true and more cryovolcanoes are discovered, the relationship between slopes and temperature can be used to make predictions about possible volcano distribution, Bramson said. For example, a cryovolcano facing the pole will get less direct sunlight, causing it to flow less, Bramson said. Conversely, a cryovolcano facing the equator will be warmer and flow more, resulting in oddlyshaped volcanoes. “It’s really cool to think that these possible ice volcanoes at different parts of the planets are going to be sort of asymmetric and that will tell us a lot about

the possible ice content and history of cryovolcanism on Ceres,” Bramson said. Despite its unique qualities, Ceres is not the only object in the solar system with proposed cryovolcanism. Some of the other bodies where ice volcanoes have been theorized to exist on are Titan, Europa and Pluto, Sori said. And while cryovolcanoes might be cold, Sori said he thinks this will be a “very hot topic of research” over the following decades. “On terrestrial planets, volcanism is incredibly important in shaping the geology,” Sori said. “Perhaps it’s the case that cryovolcanism is comparably important for all these outer solar system bodies.”


Friday — Sunday Feb. 17 ­­— Feb. 19 Page 10

ARTS & LIFE

Editor: Jamie Verwys arts@dailywildcat.com (520) 621-7579

UA celebrates birthday of photographer Ansel Adams BY MELISSA VASQUEZ @vxmel

COURTESY MIA LAROCQUE

BULL FIGHTER DUSTY TUCKNESS performs at the Tucson rodeo. The event kicks off this weekend, Saturday is the opening day.

Rodeo lassos the heart of Tucson BY VICTORIA PEREIRA @vguardie917

There’s nothing more Tucson than La Fiesta de los Vaqueros, otherwise known as the Tucson Rodeo. It is a staple of life in this Southern Arizona city that has been the home to cowboys and cowgirls for over a hundred years. The event began back in 1925 and has since brought thousands of spectators from all over the world to Tucson every February. As per tradition, the seven main events of rodeo will all be represented,

including bareback riding, steer wrestling, saddle bronco riding, tiedown roping, team roping, bull riding and barrel racing. All contestants are members of the Professional Rodeo Cowboys Association or the Women’s Professional Rodeo Association, meaning only professionals will be exhibiting their skills at this rodeo. “This rodeo we have 719 contestants entered,” said Joan Liess, the marketing and media coordinator for the Tucson Rodeo. “We do have some local cowboys and cowgirls here from Southern

Arizona, and we have 160 current or former world champions.” The events begin Saturday, Feb. 18, and continue to Sunday, Feb. 26, with the second week being the most popular due to the final rounds of events and the parade. For decades, the Tucson Rodeo was held within one weekend but Liess explained the rodeo was expanded to two about 10 years ago to allow more spectators to attend and give more time to accommodate events and contestants. The parade is one of the biggest

RODEO, 11

Ansel Adams would have turned 115 years old this year. His contribution to the world of photography and the UA is so appreciated that the UA’s Center for Creative Photography is hosting a birthday party for the famous photographer. The Ansel Adams Birthday Celebration will take place at the Center for Creative Photography on Saturday, Feb. 18, from 1-4 p.m. The purpose of his 115th birthday celebration is to honor Adams and provide people with a fun way to learn more about the photography legend who left a lasting impact on the UA. This will be the first time the CCP is having this celebration for Adams, something they hope to now make an annual tradition. The festivities will include a lecture by the chief curator of the Center for Creative Photography, Becky Senf. She will speak about the Adams archive and her favorite pieces. There will be a viewing of Adam’s prints, as well as tours. Cameras, like the ones Adams used to take his photographs, will also be provided by the Western Photographic Historical Society, giving attendees the opportunity to get a glimpse at what it was like for Adams behind the lens. Of course, cake will be included. The CCP’s marketing manager, Gina Compitello-Moore is looking forward to the celebration and the exposure it will give people to Adams and his legacy at the UA. He co-founded the center along with former president John Schaefer in 1975. Adams also gave the CCP a vast collection of his works, such as photographs, negatives and even notes to keep in a collection. Compitello-Moore hopes that once people get through the door they will be eager to learn more about Adams and

ADAMS, 11


The Daily Wildcat • 11

Arts & Life • Friday, February 17-Sunday, February 19, 2017

RODEO

FROM PAGE 10

events of the rodeo and is being held on Thursday, Feb. 23, beginning at 9 a.m. Winding down Park Avenue from Ajo Way to Irvington Road, the parade is always a spectacular event for the community and still holds the title of longest non-motorized parade in the world, over 200 floats. Food, clothing and fine art vendors will be lining the outside of the arena during the rodeo weekends. The Coors Barn dance is also held each night from 4-8 p.m. and begins, according to the Tucson Rodeo website, “after the last bull bucks.” Community support for the Tucson Rodeo has always been overwhelmingly positive. “We’re very fortunate because we have great support from the community and tons of volunteers to help us out,” Liess said. “These are people that spend a lot of time and energy to keep this tradition alive in Tucson.” Marana native and four-time world champion barrel racer Sherry Cervi remembers growing up around Tucson and always looking forward to the rodeo. “I just grew up into rodeo and loved horses and loved competition,” Cervi said. “Being from Marana, I always went to the rodeo, whether I watched it or competed in it.” Cervi has competed in the Tucson Rodeo’s barrel race several times but has yet to win the event. She has placed second repeatedly in the past but is still looking to bring home the gold in her home arena. When not competing, Cervi inspires young barrel racers and hosts a youth championships rodeo each year in California. This year she wanted to bring the race closer to home, so she put together a youth championship program in Marana at the Wentz Point Arena this past January. Over 300 contestants under the age of 18 came from all around Arizona and beyond to compete, and awards and scholarships were given to the winners. Cervi hopes to make the Marana youth championships an annual event as well. “What I love about rodeo and being around horses is that it teaches you responsibility,” Cervi said. “You’ve got to go home and take care of your horses and practice and get better, and rodeo’s a really family-oriented sport.”

ADAMS

FROM PAGE 10

everything else in the CCP. “It’s a really great chance to show the community, especially the UA community and students, all that the center has to offer and make sure that everyone feels welcome here,” Compitello-Moore said. According to Compitello-Moore, it’s a way to get people interested in the CCP. “I’m so excited to have an event that’s going to be engaging and fun and to get people through the door to learn about Ansel and his art,” she said. “It’s important for us to celebrate his legacy and his vision for the CCP.” The CCP also wants people to be involved beyond the birthday event. Compitello-Moore said that she wants people to share in the celebration by having them send their best “Ansel inspired images” on Instagram with the tag #inspiredbyansel. Those who are part of the photography niche at the UA are familiar with Adams’s work and involvement on campus. One person with an appreciation of Adams is John Nofs, the photography facilities coordinator at the School of Art. According to Nofs, without Adams there would be no CCP, which he said is the center for everything

COURTNEY TALAK/THE DAILY WILDCAT

THE QUADRILLE DE MUJERES, a women’s speed and precision equestrian drill team who has been performing at La Fiesta De Los Vaqueros in Tucson for 36 consecutive years, lines up for their last ride at the 2015 rodeo.

Cervi will be competing in slack on Tuesday morning in order to qualify for further rounds of barrel racing taking place during the second weekend of the rodeo. She hopes that this will be the year she wins her hometown rodeo. She encourages the community to join the festivities and have a wonderful experience.

Liess suggests anyone wanting to attend the second weekend should purchase their tickets online because the event does routinely sell out. Tickets for general admission start at $15 and can be purchased online or at the gate. Prices do increase for the second weekend, based on the day and section.

photography related here at the UA. “Without him, we wouldn’t have that asset,” said Nofs. “That’s something that encourages current photographers, like these students here. It encourages them to show up and come here.” He also appreciates that Adams’ connection to the CCP allows students to partake in exclusive benefits. Especially given Adams’ reputation in the world of photography. “It’s one of the only places in the world where you can go look at one of his prints in person,” Nofs said. Photography students, such as senior Kelsey Lang, are part of the group that are acquainted with Adams’s legacy on campus. Lang said that much of what she knows about Adams is from classes. She finds the negatives and notes to be an interesting part of the collection. She said that being a photography student gives her an advantage to know more about Adams than others because they don’t receive the same exposure she does. “Not too many people know, unless you’re a photo kid or if you’ve gone down there and seen the negatives and the pictures that he produces,” Lang said. With this birthday celebration, the CCP hopes more people learn about Adams. According to Compitello-Moore, many people have already seen Adams’ iconic work somewhere without realizing it. The goal is to get people to know and cherish Adams’s legacy here at UA.

J. MALCOLM GREANY

PORTRAIT OF PHOTOGRAPHER ANSEL Adams which first appeared in the 1950 Yosemite Field School yearbook.


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14 • The Daily Wildcat

Sports • Friday, February 17-Sunday, February 19, 2017

WBB PREVIEW FROM PAGE 16

going. The senior from California improved to 4-0, keeping her ERA under one. “I’m not a strikeout pitcher; I’m very much a ground out pitcher,” O’Toole said. “Tonight I went out and did just that. I had a nice, solid start tonight.” The team was able to jump out to a quick 2-0 lead thanks to RBI’s by Mandie Perez and Mo Mercado. A bomb by Jessie Harper in the fifth inning put Arizona in the driver’s seat with a 4-0 lead. They held on to win 7-0.

next three games in the CenturyLink Classic. Holly Neese has carried the Wildcats of Abilene Christian, leading them in almost every statistical category for the team.

SOFTBALL

Boston College vs. Arizona: 3 p.m. Saturday Arizona’s ACC opponent has had a promising 2017 campaign so far, coming in at 3-1 and scoring in the double digits in two of their first four games. Eagles standout Jordan Chimento took home ACC Player of the Week honors following a weekend where the she hit .533 and racked up a team-high seven RBIs. Her slugging partner, Tatiana Cortez, leads the team with homers three and a 1.273 slugging percentage.

“It’s a great feeling to be a senior and be in the record books late in the year, leaving my legacy at Arizona,” Jones said. In order for Arizona to pull off an upset in either of the two games it will need big performances from not only Jones but Malena Washington. Washington has been inconsistent so far this season. A perfect example of that would be her latest performance against Washington State, contributing 21 points but on 6-for-17 shooting and seven turnovers. The Wildcats, as a team, will have to avoid the turnover bug—no small task as they rank dead last in the Pac-12 Conference in assist-to-turnover ratio, averaging 13.2 assists and 17.4 turnovers per game. Senior forward Sophie Brunner is the key player to watch for the Sun Devils; coming into the game she is averaging 14.2 points per game in conference play. With Brunner and senior center Quinn Dornstauder at 6-foot-1 and 6-foot-4 respectively, the Sun Devils have the size to present problems for an undersized Arizona team down low. Tip-off is scheduled for 7 p.m. In McKale Center Friday and 4 p.m. in Tempe on Sunday.

ARIZONA VS. ASU

Ball State vs. Arizona: 3 p.m. Friday The Cardinals come stumbling in with a 1-4 record after a poor first week of the season. Ball State started the season with a 5-2 win over DePaul before struggling in their remaining games in the Louisiana Classic. The Cardinals are led by senior Amanda Arnett, who was one of the few bright spots for Ball State in the opening weekend of their season. She knocked in four RBIs and posted a .333 batting average.

DATE: Feb. 17, Feb. 19

North Dakota State vs. Arizona: 1 p.m. Sunday The Bison of North Dakota State are another team who has struggled early in the season. The team’s lone victory so far was a no-hitter thrown by Jacquelyn Sertic, who at the weekends end led the Summit League in strikeouts with 32. Arizona head coach Mike Candrea is pleased with his team so far and wants them to get as much experience as they can during their early season tournament games. “I would love to play as many kids as I can and there are sometimes situations that arise where I can,” Candrea said. “But you really got to take it game by game.” UA continues the Wildcat Invitational on Friday and through Sunday with a doubleheader against Ball State and Abilene Christian. Game one against the Cardinal begins at 3 p.m. MST.

Time: 4p.m., 7p.m.

Abilene Christian vs. Arizona: 5 p.m. Friday Abilene Christian school comes to town with hopes to improve on their 3-3 mark for the season. Abilene Christian has already had highs and lows in the 2017 season. Two quality wins over Texas State and Texas A&M Corpus Christi put the team in good standing, but they lost two of their

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The Daily Wildcat • 15

Sports • Friday, February 17-Sunday, February 19, 2017

Markkanen bounces back at right time for Wildcats BY JUSTIN SPEARS @JustinESports

When Arizona freshman forward Lauri Markkanen first came to the United States from Finland, he had to adapt to a different style of basketball, and he did. Night after night, double figures in points here, double-double there and never once did it appear that Markkanen would hit a wall. Not only did Markkanen hit a wall in the past four games, he fell back on his butt and appeared to be down for the count. Arizona head coach Sean Miller always said freshmen have a tendency to have extremely high peaks and rock bottom valleys, which tends to bring down their confidence. Hitting the freshman wall has occurred with every five-star Arizona freshman. Aaron Gordon and Stanley Johnson were victims, though at different times of the season. Those two dealt with their struggles at the beginning of the season and hit their stride once Pac-12 Conference play began. Markkanen, on the other hand, thrived from day one and struggled at points in the season where Johnson and Gordon succeeded. Before Markkanen’s slump began on the road against the Oregon schools, every single game except Arizona’s 7960 blowout win over Missouri on the road, he had scored in double-figures.

With a highly touted NBA Draft prospect in Markkanen, falling off the map seemed out of sorts and left many to wonder what was the reasoning? Was it Allonzo Trier returning to the lineup? Or were teams keying on his abilities to catch fire from anywhere on the floor? None of the above. Markkanen, like any other person, let alone basketball player, is going to have his moments where he’s not feeling himself. He went 5-for-25 from the field with 6 points over a four-game stretch before Arizona took on Washington State Thursday. If there’s anything Markkanen’s fourth double-double of the season against the Cougars taught us, don’t ever doubt the 7-footer from Finland. In the first half, Markkanen contributed 11 points shooting 60 percent from the field and went 4-for-4 from the free throw line. It wasn’t just his scoring that elevated Arizona, but his rebounding activity gave a spark for the Wildcats, because Washington State had 8 of their first 11 points in the paint. Arizona struggled to execute on second-chance points against California last week with 11 offensive rebounds, but only 6 points to show for it. Markkanen in the first half against Washington State had three offensive rebounds, which created scoring opportunities in the paint.

“One of the things he did today was establish himself from 2-point range,” Miller told Fox Sports One’s Steve Lavin post-game. “In and around the basket, second-chance shots, I thought he really came into the game with the right mentality.” Going into the second half, Markkanen picked up where he left off with 8 points on 50 percent shooting. Fortunately for him, Parker JacksonCartwright had a career-high 20 points in his first start since November. Kobi Simmons scored the bulk of his 8 second-half points from 3-point range, making taking care of business in the paint an ideal situation. Baby steps. All it takes is baby steps and Markkanen is arguably the most valuable front court player Arizona has this season—maybe in the Miller era— so be patient. It’s not the end of the world if a potential NBA Draft lottery pick has a rough couple of weeks. While Markkanen struggled, Jason McIntyre from The Big Lead had the freshman going No. 1 overall in the upcoming NBA Draft, so his struggles are just a dip from what has been a long headline-filled season for Arizona. Markkanen’s performance against the Cougars was pure focused basketball and it couldn’t have come at a better time for the Wildcats as the end of the regular season nears.

DEAN HARE/ WASHINGTON STATE UNIVERSITY PHOTO SERVICES

ARIZONA FORWARD LAURI MARKKANEN blocks a layup attempt during a game on Feb. 16 in in Pullman, Washington.

Softball hosts Wildcat Invitational, looking to continue hot start BY NOAH SONNET @texaslad32

The Arizona softball team is rolling one week into the season and things could not have gone better for the Wildcats in the Hillenbrand Invitational. They swept the competition, going 5-0 in the four-day tournament, outscoring opponents 39-6. Senior Danielle O’Toole started her senior campaign strong; over the weekend she went 3-0 with an ERA of 0.35 and registered 22 strikeouts. Fellow senior Katiyana Mauga inched closer to Arizona’s school home run record, and the NCAA’s record, blasting four homers in the invitational. Mauga was named the Pac-12 Player of the Week. Freshmen Jessie Harper and Alyssa Palomino came up big in their first competitive collegiate tournament. Palomino came up with several big hits in against Fordham and Cal State Northridge, while Harper hit her first home run in a Wildcats uniform. This weekend Arizona will be at it again, hosting the Wildcat Invitational. The tournament began Thursday and ends Sunday, with Drake, Ball State, Abilene Christian, Boston College and North Dakota State all making the cross-country trip to face the Wildcats. Arizona 7, Drake 0 The Wildcat Invitational started on Thursday night, with the Arizona Wildcats prevailing 7-0 over the Drake Bulldogs. No. 9 Arizona, continued their strong start to the season riding on the back of lights-out pitching from O’Toole. O’Toole picked up right were she left off last weekend, tossing five scoreless innings, never giving the Bulldogs any chance to get something

SOFTBALL, 14

PEARL DIXON/THE DAILY WILDCAT

ARIZONA’S DANIELLE O’TOOLE PITCHES during the UA-Baylor softball game on Saturday, Feb. 11.


Friday — Sunday Feb. 17 ­­— Feb. 19 Page 16

SPORTS

Editor: Christopher Deak sports@dailywildcat.com (520) 621-7579

WBB looks for key win in doubleheader against ASU BY SAUL BOOKMAN @Saul_Bookman

COURTESY TUCSON ROADRUNNERS

TUCSON ROADRUNNERS DEFENSEMAN DAKOTA Mermis, 43, Ontario Reign Michael Latta, 24, fight during a game.

Roadrunners look to snap losing streak BY TANNER HARRIS @DailyWildcat

back half of their long road trip on Tuesday night in San Jose.

The Roadrunners will finish out their six-game road trip this weekend looking for three big wins as they try to find their way back to the top of the AHL’s Pacific division. The Roadrunners have lost the first three of six on the roadtrip and have lost nine of their last ten. Last week was a rough one for the Roadrunners as they lost the first two games of their road trip to the Texas Stars. Former Roadrunner Justin Peters started against his former team in both of the Stars’ victories. Goaltenders Adin Hill and Marek Langhamer combined to allow nine goals on 54 shots. The power play for the Roadrunners registered zero goals on eight attempts, while the Stars scored five goals on the power play in only nine attempts. The Roadrunners started the

Roadrunners 1, San Jose Barracuda 4 The Roadrunners lost their fourth straight game on Tuesday night when they hosted the firstplace San Jose Barracudas. Roadrunner goaltender Marek Langhamer allowed four goals on 39 shots, and Tucson fell 4-1. Left winger Michael Bunting was able to get a power play goal in the first period with Anthony Duclair registering the only assist of the night for the Roadrunners. Tucson went 1-6 on the power play while giving up three goals on the penalty kill on five attempts for the Barracudas. Nikolay Goldobin of the San Jose Barracuda earned the first star of the game scoring one goal and collecting two assists. Tucson Roadrunners @ Ontario Reign, Friday 8 p.m. MST Ontario is currently in third

place in the Pacific division and has a record of 24-12-8 going 5-32 in their last ten. The Reign are led in points by center T.J. Hensick who has 36 points in 44 games played. Right winger Jonny Brodzinski leads the team in goals scored with 18 in 44 games. Tucson Roadrunners @ San Diego Gulls, Saturday 8 p.m. MST The Roadrunners will continue their road trip with a game against the Gulls who are currently in second place in the Pacific Division with a 26-13-4 record. The Gulls have been hot lately going 8-1-1 in their last ten games including three wins over the Roadrunners during that period. Offense has not been a problem for the Gulls over their last ten games as they have outscored their opponents by 26 goals. San Diego shutout the Roadrunners the last time these two met and won another game in that series 8-1. The

Roadrunners are 1-5 against the Gulls this season and will meet four more times after Saturday. The Gulls have been led this year by right winger Corey Tropp with 37 points in 41 games played including 12 goals and 25 assists. Tropp has played very well against the Roadrunners this year scoring four goals and collecting four assists against them. The Roadrunners have been led by center and alternate captain Chris Mueller this season. Meuller has 41 points in 42 games played and currently has 31 assists, putting him at fifth in the league. Christian Fischer has 18 goals during his rookie season tying him for tenth in the league. The Roadrunners will wrap up their road trip on Wednesday, February 22nd against the Ontario Reign. They return to the Tucson Convention Center on February 24th and 25th when they host the first-place Barracuda.

The Arizona Wildcats women’s basketball team, fresh off their third conference win of the season against Washington State on Sunday, will take on the rival ASU Sun Devils this weekend in a rare back-to-back matchup. The Wildcats host the Sun Devils on Friday in McKale Center and follow it up against ASU in Tempe on Sunday. The Sun Devils, ranked No. 23 in the USA Today Coaches Poll, has been a program teetering between women’s college basketball elite and irrelevance for the past couple seasons, failing to get to an Elite Eight despite being one of the best teams in the country the past two seasons. ASU, on paper, is the better team, but styles make fights, and this game is as good as any for the Wildcats to secure a key home win against a ranked opponent, something they have had a penchant of doing seemingly every year despite the lack of overall programs success. “I think we’re playing at a high level right now and I think we match up very well with them,” said Arizona head coach Adia Barnes. “You at least want to get a split the weekend; I think that’s very realistic.” Losing to ASU would be something Barnes isn’t used to, having never lost to the Sun Devils during her playing career at Arizona. For that to maintain this weekend she will need her team to play better than it has all season, and a key player that she will depend on is senior forward LaBrittney Jones. Jones is the team’s bedrock, its foundation, the Wildcats leader who is climbing up the all-time charts as her career comes to an end at Arizona. She is currently third all-time in career blocked shots, eighth in rebounds and 14th in career points with a shot to crack the top 10.

WBB PREVIEW, 14

02.17.17  

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