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Wednesday, November 8, 2017 ­– Tuesday, November 14, 2017 • VOLUME 111 • ISSUE 12



B6 | News | Local First Amendment controversy B4 | Opinion | ‘GPSC is toxic’

B11 | Arts | All Souls Procession

B14 | Sports | ‘Cats set for home finale


Through a rented lens UA astronomer David Sand’s encounter with a neutron star collision | B14

SafeRide makes free rides easier with new app BY OWEN ZERAMBO @DailyWildcat

If you find yourself around campus and the sun has gone down, the idea of walking home in the dark may seem rather unappealing. But fear not, for you are a Wildcat, and a fraction of your tuition and student fees have already paid for a solution. SafeRide is a free transportation service

that has been operated by University of Arizona students since 1981. Back then, SafeRide was known as the Associated Students of the University of Arizona Escort Service, which was set up so students could request to have other students walk home with them. As the program grew in popularity and students began to live further away from campus, ASUA purchased a fleet of vehicles and expanded the ASUA Escort Service into the SafeRide program.

The day before every home football game

Today, SafeRide offers pick-up, drop-off services between any two locations within its area of operation — about nine square miles around the campus — and the only price for a ride is to show your CatCard. Starting Nov. 9, SafeRide will have a new app, TapRide, to make that free trip home or to get food even easier. “We also offer trips to the grocery store,” said Jacob Smith, administrative director of SafeRide. “Basically, anything that a student would need to do during the week so they



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won’t have to be walking home alone.” SafeRide operates in the evenings, beginning at 6:30 p.m., Sunday through Friday. The program is staffed with 45 to 50 drivers who are all current students at the UA. With up to 11 drivers on shift, the service is used by hundreds of passengers each evening. “I’d say we usually take about 300 to 400 a night,” said Sal Licari, operations director


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Desert is alive with Delta Lambda Phi divas Drag show aims to raise money and awarness for issues affecting the LGBTQ community through performance and lip sync battle BY VANESSA ONTIVEROS @nessamagnifique

The Omega Chapter of Delta Lambda Phi held its annual drag show, Divas in the Desert, which featured amateur and professional drag queens performing to raise money for the chapter. The show, held on Nov. 3, attracted the largest crowd to date.


V_4 PERFORMS DRESSED IN a Sia wig at Divas in the Desert on Nov. 3.

This year’s theme was Lip Sync Smackdown. Four groups participated, including members of other United Sorority and Fraternity Council organizations, and took to the stage in between drag queen performances. Delta Lambda Phi, a national fraternity that is inclusive of gay, bisexual, trans and progressive men in its recruitment, currently has chapters throughout the U.S., and was chartered at the UA in 2005. “The show is a platform for us to talk about LGBTQ issues with others and introduce Tucson community celebrities to the UA community,” said Erick John Rodriguez, the president of Delta Lambda Phi. The show opened with a video showcasing the personalities of the four individuals who would perform in drag. Rodriguez then gave shout-outs to each greek organization in attendance.

CORRECTIONS Corrections or complaints concerning Daily Wildcat content should be directed to the editor-in-chief. For further information on the Daily Wildcat’s approved grievance policy, readers may contact Brett Fera, director of Arizona Student Media, in the Sherman R. Miller 3rd Newsroom at the Park Student Union.

“One of our goals is to make all of greek life inclusive to gay people,” Rodriguez said. “It doesn’t matter what type of organization you are in. Most of the performers were amateur, some of them on stage for the first time. Each took to the spotlight to lip sync a song and collect cash tips while interacting with the audience. The night was lighthearted, but the

show presented important issues affecting the LGBTQ community. “Under the current administration, there are a lot of people under attack,” said Ahmed Al-Shamari, who preformed in the show. “This event is one of the ways to show, ‘Yes, we are here. We exist, and we will not be quieted.’” Al-Shamari was joined by a swarm of friends who came to the


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the University of Arizona’s student-run, independent news source. It is distributed on campus and throughout Tucson every Wednesday with a circulation of 7,000. The function of The Wildcat is to disseminate news to the community and to encourage an exchange of ideas. The Daily Wildcat was founded in 1899. All copy, photographs and graphics appearing in the paper or via are the sole property of The Daily Wildcat and may not be reproduced without the specific consent of the editor-in-chief. A single copy of The Daily Wildcat is free from newsstands. Unauthorized removal of multiple copies will be considered theft and may be prosecuted. Additional copies of The Daily Wildcat are available from the Arizona Student Media office. The Daily Wildcat is a member of the Associated Collegiate Press and the Arizona Newspapers Association.


LURAINA LACTOSE, CENTER, PERFORMS at Divas in the Desert on Nov. 3.

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event to support him. The support in the room paid testament to the work LGBTQ groups have been doing on campus. “This is also to highlight the progress we have made — the outpouring support for the crowd today, the biggest crowd we have ever had at this event,” Al-Shamari said.

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ON THE COVER This NASA illustration shows the cloud of debris stripped from two neutron stars just before they collided. David Sand, UA astronomer, was one of the first to analyze the first-ever observed neutron star collision on Aug. 17, using a small telescope based in Chile.

Trump indictments: What students need to know BY RANDALL ECK @reck999

Back in March, Robert Mueller, a former FBI director and widely respected prosecutor, was appointed as a special counsel to investigate Russian meddling and potential collusion with the Trump campaign in the 2016 U.S. presidential election. Since then, Mueller has steadily and, for the most part, secretly, pursued his investigation. This all changed on Oct. 30 when Mueller publicly indicted President Donald Trump’s former campaign chairman Paul Manafort and his associate Rick Gates, as well as publicly revealing a guilty plea by former Trump campaign foreign policy adviser George Papadopoulos. Here are the major facts University of Arizona students need to know about the news-garnering indictments: Manafort and Gates were indicted on charges of conspiracy and money laundering Mueller and his team indicted Manafort and Gates on 12 counts, including conspiracy against the U.S., conspiracy to launder money and unregistered agent of a foreign principal. The indictments claim that Manafort hid his lobbying work for Russian-linked Ukrainian political organizations and laundered millions of dollars overseas. In order to issue these indictments, Mueller had to have convinced Rosenstein and a grand jury there was ground to bring these charges according to David Marcus, professor in the James E. Rogers College of Law. Many of the charges filed against Manafort occurred before his work with the Trump campaign. “The idea here is that Mueller can pursue charges against anyone

for evidence that came out of his investigation meant to discharge the duty he was assigned,” Marcus said. On the other hand, Papadopoulos was arrested in July and pleaded guilty to lying to the FBI. So far, he is cooperating with Mueller and is being recommended a reduced sentence. As a low to mid-level foreign policy advisor for the Trump campaign, Papadopoulos reportedly attempted to establish back channels between the campaign and Russian intelligence, who reported to him they had thousands of Clinton emails well before their release. “The indictments and the guilty plea that were unveiled contrast with each other quite interestingly,” Marcus said. Collusion has not been proved These indictments do not represent a “smoking gun” proving the Trump campaign colluded with Russia. “You can tie these indictments together in a story of collusion but that is not an interpretation the documents compel,” Marcus said. Yet, according to Marcus, this was a show of force by the special counsel. Manafort is a high-profile political figure, and it shows Mueller has no qualms about going after high-profile individuals associated with Trump who have committed any crimes for which he uncovers evidence. “The Trump administration lawyers are very confident the facts will support the president,” said Toni Massaro, Regents’ Professor, Milton O. Riepe Chair in Constitutional Law and Dean Emerita. According to Massaro, however, the public does not know all the facts yet and should leave it to a grand jury to decide if the Trump campaign colluded with Russia. “We [the public] are not any closer than before to understanding the connections between the

Trump campaign and the Russian government,” Marcus said. In the end, regardless of public opinion, the ultimate gravity of the evidence regarding a Trump collusion with Russia or obstruction of justice will be determined by the U.S. House of Representatives. Mueller cannot indict Trump “Mueller’s powers are very broad,” Marcus said. Yet, would he would be able to indict Trump if he finds evidence of a crime, like in the case of Manafort or with evidence of collusion? “An indictment of a sitting president during his or her time in office may not be constitutional - though constitutional scholars have debated this,” Massaro said. Trump could, though, be named as an un-indicted co-conspirator, like President Richard Nixon, or prosecuted for crimes he committed while in office after he leaves office, according to Massaro. During the Clinton administration, the Justice Department’s Office of Legal Counsel wrote a binding memorandum arguing that a sitting president cannot be indicted but rather only impeached by Congress. While Mueller cannot impeach Trump either, he could spark impeachment proceedings. In order to maintain Mueller’s independence, if he is denied a proposed indictment, Mueller is required by special counsel regulations to report his findings to Congress, so they can examine his finding themselves, Marcus said. “It is conceivable if there were some appetite for impeachment, it would come from some special counsel report,” Marcus said.


but he could order the Justice Department to remove him. “There would need to be cause to fire Mueller, and the political fallout would likely be quite significant, with echoes of the ‘Saturday Night Massacre’ of the Nixon years,” Massaro said. However, Trump could pardon Manafort, Gates and others, protecting them from criminal prosecution for federal crimes. “By pardoning them, Trump could eliminate any leverage that Mueller might have with them, to get them to flip and provide evidence against other people potentially under investigation,” Marcus said. Regardless, Mueller is pushing forward with his investigation. “Mueller is acting steadily, consistent with his charge, and with his reputation for thoroughness,” Massaro said. Mueller’s indictment gives a window into his larger strategy “Mueller’s strategy appears to be a sensible one of proceeding cautiously and incrementally, with

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The Daily Wildcat • B3

News • Wednesday, November 8 - Tuesday, November 15, 2017

B4 • The Daily Wildcat

News • Wednesday, November 8 - Tuesday, November 15, 2017

Meet MCB! exposes high school students to science BY SHAQ DAVIS @ShaqDavis1

High school students and their teachers from across Arizona came together recently to experience the different research experiments being done in the Department of Molecular Biology. The Meet MCB! event took place in the Life Sciences building on Oct. 31, where 180 students and teachers explored different opportunities within a STEM field of study. Jennifer Cubeta, assistant program director in the departments’ undergraduate biology research program, said it was good to see students excited to come out. “I don’t think a lot of them had come on campus much before,” she said. “So when they came, we wanted to take them on some lab tours so they could see the different types of research that’s done in this department — and then we also mixed that up with some information sessions.” Students were able to meet with University of Arizona advisers, admissions and financial aid staff to receive information on how to get prepared for college. The department also set up panels featuring undergraduates to talk about their college life experiences and the work they’re doing while in school. “We had students that came and they said, ‘I want to go study cancer’ or ‘I want to go study

ALS,’ and so they actually got to see those labs and see what that means to actually go and do that kind of research,” Cubeta said. The program has received support from the Associated Students of the UA Senate, which was “critical” to helping the department expand the event to reach more students this year and for the future. “We had support for this particular program from ASUA because they also saw the benefit in encouraging students to come to college and see what college is like in general, and the University of Arizona in particular,” Cubeta said. The attending students had been participating in various science experiments within their own high schools as part of the UA BIOTECH project. The project continues to provide high school teachers and students the opportunity to conduct different experiments in the classroom. “The BIOTECH Project has been successful in raising students’ interest and awareness of molecular genetics by partnering with teachers to engage their students in a hands-on approach to understanding biotechnology,” the project’s website said. The project features three components: professional development for Arizona teachers, classroom visits by students and faculty for the creating of hands-on biotechnology activities, and providing proper material support so the high school students can operate the experiments properly, with the help of their teachers. “One of our missions is to open the possibility


ARIZONA HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS interact with different research experiments at the Meet MCB! event at the University of Arizona Life Sciences building on Oct. 31.

of pursuing post-secondary education for our underrepresented population of students, preferably in a STEM field,” said BIOTECH project director Nadja Anderson in a press release. Over 100 teachers across Arizona, and their thousands of students, have conducted

independent activities with support from the project this year. “We loved hearing more about their interest in biology and future plans, and how the University of Arizona and MCB can help get them make those plans a reality,” Bazarnic said.


GPSC fails graduate and professional students OPINION



he University of Arizona’s Graduate and Professional Student Council recently canceled its special election meant to fill 19 vacant seats, almost half of its general council. The council instead opted to self-appoint its own members, giving all those who express an interest a simple up-down vote. GPSC was established “to act as the primary representative organization for the graduate and professional student body” with the goal “to promote the academic, economic and social aims of the graduate and professional students,” according to its constitution’s preamble. How can GPSC governance truly serve the interests of graduate and professional students if they are not elected by those students? A student government that is self-appointed is not a student government and should not pretend

to be or be funded as such. As a Daily Wildcat news reporter, I covered GPSC during the 2016-2017 academic year, and trust me, shirking their voters is the least of GPSC’s transgressions. From my experience, GPSC is toxic and ineffective. During my time, GPSC members yelled, cursed and argued; one was arrested for assault during a meeting; rivals attempted to manipulate my coverage and most egregiously, GPSC often forgot to serve the students who had elected them. On the bright side, if your members are selfappointed they won’t have to worry about forgetting to serve their constituents. This self-appointing debacle started when Hannah Parker, GPSC elections commissioner, recommended the council cancel its scheduled special election because she was concerned its constitution and elections code did not give her the power to conduct one. Parker argued GPSC couldn’t hold a fall special election since the code only applies the term “special election” in reference to an election that resolves a tie two weeks after the Spring general election.

This came as a surprise to me since I covered two fall GPSC special elections last year and the code clearly gives Parker the authority to schedule special elections in Article VI, Section 2B. This situation could have been resolved with a simple majority vote to amend the Elections Code to clear up any confusion and maintain the integrity of GPSC as a governing body. Yet, in a show of ineptitude, GPSC President Jessica Baxter announced to the council that its constitution lays out no way to amend the Elections Code. I found this astonishing, considering the Arizona Students of the UA Supreme Court ruled that GPSC could change its code by a simple majority vote. They had exercised this power to enact retroactive term limits, in part to expel two members, just last semester. Yet in the end, even if GPSC had realized its members had the authority to hold a special election and not the authority to appoint its own members, the end results would have looked the same.


The Daily Wildcat • B5

Advertisement • Wednesday, November 8 - Tuesday, November 15, 2017

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The brain reacts to the multisensory attraction of food, especially when it contains any combination of sugar, fat and salt, that we, based on ancient survival instincts, are driven to desire. Dopamine, a brain chemical that transmits information between nerve cells, focuses our attention on the most important stimuli in our environment at the moment. Any combination of sugar, fat, and salt spikes dopamine in many of us... demanding our attention. Not only that, the amygdala (located deep in the temporal lobes of the brain) stores and processes memories. Seeing a food that has treasured holiday memories, or even a reminder of that food, activates

In addition, lack of sleep and holiday stress drive us to eat more than our regular intake as we try to calm ourselves under conditions of increased cortisol, a stress hormone that favors calorie storage. What is a better approach? Start with a goal of moderation, satisfaction, and peace. Cut back, but not out. Choose your favorite foods, leave the rest, and savor what you do decide to eat. If you are compelled to keep track, aim for weight maintenance. Focus on other sources of joy and contentment, make time for daily walks or other activity, get regular sleep, and practice gratitude. For a list of tips to break even over the holidays, see “10 Steps to Avoid Holiday Weight Gain” in the November 2017 edition of Campus Health’s e-magazine, Living Wild at

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B6 • The Daily Wildcat

News • Wednesday, November 8 - Tuesday, November 15, 2017

First Amendment Cup’d Up BY SASHA HARTZELL @DailyWildcat

Cup It Up store co-owners shared political views via the business’ Facebook account on Oct. 6. The post began, “It’s time Cup It Up American Grill made a statement,” and continued to list causes they believed in and supported, and those they did not. The post declared support for President Donald Trump, drug screenings for welfare recipients, repealing Obamacare and more. The post also said the restaurant did not believe in global warming, agree with athletes kneeling for the national anthem and other issues. It concluded with, “If you disagree with this post, please share it with 100 friends and we won’t be expecting you any time soon!” The restaurant’s university-area address was listed at the end of the statement. The post incited a rapid response from the Tucson community. By the following Monday, Oct. 9, the three owners — Julian Alarcon, Jay Warren and Christopher Smith — had agreed to permanently close the restaurant. According to Alarcon, who said he had no part in the post, the choice to close was in a large part over the backlash, but primarily out of concern for their employees’ safety. “Let’s be perfectly clear, the restaurant is closed because the post that Chris and Jay made,” Alarcon said. According to Warren, many of the employees had already chosen to quit out of disagreement with Warren and Smith’s beliefs. When asked what motivated the post, Warren said it was a combination of things. He cited the shooting in Las Vegas and the gun-control discussion it invoked, the political climate in general and the feeling of being engulfed in all that was going on in the world. “The number one thing was the national anthem and the NFL kneeling,” he said. “I’m not going to say it got out of control, but it grew. The post grew from what was going to be a simple few statements ...” The post, and the community’s negative reaction to it, prompted Ana Henderson of the Pima County Republican Party to respond via the party’s official Facebook page. Her statement, which began, “Take a stand Tucson!” called on people to “take action in support of their freedom,” and rally in support of Cup It Up. Chairman of the Pima County Republican Party, David Eppihimer, took issue with Cup it Up’s closure. “It is just a tragedy that the place had to close because of the disrespect at the U of A community toward freedom of expression; of ideas not leftist,” he said. He continued to say there was no room for the First Amendment at the UA. “It all stems from an intolerance for any beliefs other than leftist progressive attitude that is taught at the U of A,” he said. Warren did not single out the university. “I’m not labeling the U of A campus as a liberal hot spot … that’s Tucson in general,” he said. “What it comes down to is you can have free speech until you say something not in line with the left.” Kathryn Adams Riester, associate dean of students believes the university’s policies around free speech already differentiate it from other campuses. She points to the tolerance of “preachers” on campus for evidence — especially Dean Saxton. “That’s been consistently our policy, overseeing freedom of speech and freedom of expression,” Riester said. “We uphold the First Amendment of the Constitution of the United States and allow free speech on campus, within the appropriate guidelines that the Constitution gives us.” These guidelines allow universities to place some restrictions on free speech based on time, place and manner; speech that is disruptive to the educational or business environment is prohibited. There are several exceptions, Riester explained. Speech directed toward “inciting or producing imminent lawless action” and direct threats aimed at a particular individual are not protected.


Greek Life

needs fixing OPINION

BY MILES SCHUK EHLER @ehlerlicious


CUP IT UP EMPLOYEES serve customers at its former Main Gate Square location on April 1.

Also not protected is speech that can be proven to be sexual or racial harassment, clearly aimed at one particular individual. Riester said, however, “there are very few things that are unprotected speech.” Director of the UA’s School of Journalism, David Cuillier, claimed the line differentiating protected speech from unprotected speech can sometimes be a gray area, and requires a judgment call. “Where’s that line? It’s not simple, but basically it’s fighting words — we can’t say things that are going to start a fight,” Cuillier said. Simón Sanchez, a Mexico-based professor, filmmaker and activist, describes “hate speech” along the same legal terms Riester defined. “[It’s] speaking against a group of people, targeting them with hate, spewing lies about entire groups of people to encourage hate against them,” he said. Sanchez, however, does not believe hate speech should qualify as protected speech. “Those things incite genocide. There is no doubt that this is the case,” he said. Riester is of a different opinion. “I think the hard thing for people to understand is that most of the time, hate speech is really protected speech,” she said. “When we get the complaints, I try to educate people on the First Amendment and talk about what alternatives there are for what they can do.” These alternatives include protesting, speaking out in opposition, or — if it’s an institution or business — withdrawing your support or money. These types of responses to certain speakers have sparked the current campus free speech debate. “The conservative right is complaining, saying campuses are censoring their rights. Is that true? Has anyone at the U of A stopped a conservative speaker? No,” said Cuillier. “They’ve veered on the side of free speech and given people the space to express themselves, even though they’ve offended a lot of people,” he said. “If there’s any place in the country where we should have an open dialogue, it’s on a college campus.” There is a strong distinction between the right to speak and the consequences for this speech, however. “People have the right to freedom of speech but that doesn’t mean consequences don’t come with it,” Riester said. Again, Cuillier echoed Riester. “When you depend on the good graces of customers, it’s probably good advice not to tick them off,” he said. For Cuillier, the Cup It Up saga highlights a flaw in America’s understanding of the First Amendment. “Everybody always gets this wrong. Every time this happens, everyone gets confused what the First Amendment is all about,” he said. “It protects people from the government infringing on speech. It doesn’t protect them from neighbors infringing. There is no guarantee in this life that we can offend people.”


hen coming to college, establishing your identity and sense of community is important. To do so, one must create social ties. This can include meeting hall mates in your dorm, conversing with unfamiliar faces and even joining Greek Life. Many students choose to participate in Greek Life, joining a fraternity or a sorority. When considering pledging for an organization, one shuold keep in mind its goals and aspirations. Joining them can generate new relationships and opportunities both in and out of college. However, the reputation of Greek Life has been tarnished over the last decade. With occurrences of rape, negative emails and hazing, fraternities and sororities have been under heavy scrutiny for their actions around the nation. Greek Life was strewn into the national spotlight once again when the Pennsylvania State story of Timothy Piazza was brought to surface. Piazza was a pledge for Beta Theta Pi this year when he was “handed a bottle of vodka to chug.” Afterward, he was unconscious for up to 12 hours until fellow fraternity members decided to call an ambulance, according to the New York Times. Piazza died before any help could reach him. Piazza’s blood alcohol level was listed at four times the legal limit for driving. Another case was reported at Georgia Tech, where Phi Kappa Tau, a fraternity, was under investigation for sending an email to its members containing guidelines on how to sexually take advantage of women at a party. Neither of these incidents are unique. Acts like these are bound to happen in the party scene of Greek Life. At some specific events, not only are pledges required to participate in drinking games, but they also have to obey what their elder members tell them. According to a study conducted by Jerry Tatum and J.T. Newberry in 2007, fraternity men are three times more likely to commit rape than other men in college. The best party scene on campus is typically run by a Greek Life organization. Sometimes, only members are included in the activities, leaving non-Greek members to the curb. This can result in a culture of elitism in Greek Life. It needs to be stopped. As a student here at the UA, I have experienced firsthand the discrimination of not being able to socialize with a larger group of people because I’m not part of Greek Life. These organizations that claim to be built on brotherhood and sisterhood have been tarnished by scandals. These kinds of student life opportunities shouldn’t be abolished, but rather shifted to reverse a growing discrimination between Greek and non-Greek members. — Miles Schuk Ehler wants people to see that Greek Life isn’t always as pretty as it may seem

The Daily Wildcat • B7

News • Wednesday, November 8 - Tuesday, November 15, 2017


for SafeRide. Previously, SafeRide had been operating with a phone system and a smartphone app, both of which could be used by passengers to request a ride. However, SafeRide has recently had problems with its smartphone app because of issues with their previous provider. “They didn’t have 24/7 customer service, and they were marketing their service to SafeRide programs, which operate after hours,” Licari said. “So, if we had a problem after hours, we were out of luck. That was the main issue.” But SafeRide will have another app up and running soon. TapRide was chosen as the new app for SafeRide at the UA, and it will be available for free on both Android and iOS. The app is used by SafeRide programs around the country and works a lot like ride-sharing apps used by companies such as Uber and Lyft. Users will be able to request rides and give their current

location without having to call. This information will then be sent to a SafeRide driver, whose vehicle is equipped with an iPad to display pick-up location and give directions to their next destination. However, users without a smartphone can still request a ride by calling the SafeRide phone number. “About a third of our ride requests are still done over the phone,” Licari said. To fund student programs such as SafeRide or ZonaZoo, ASUA maintains a contract with the university. These contracts will often last up to five years and will guarantee a certain amount of money — generated from tuition and student fees — to be used as funding for the programs. “We agreed every year we’re going to give [SafeRide] $200,000,” said Grant Rees, ASUA treasurer. “ASUA believes that SafeRide is a good service.” These funds must be used to cover program operating costs for that year. In SafeRide’s case, most of the funding will be spent paying employees, a cost that has increased with the raising of the



In the last general election, only two candidates who ran did not win a seat and many of the seats were not contested at all. Of the 20 elected representatives, nine won as write-in candidates, receiving two to five votes each. Baxter, well, she was elected president by 3.6 percent of the graduate and professional student population, close to four times less than her counterpart, Associated Students of the University of Arizona President Matt Lubisich. This half-empty student body, without a mandate from those it claims to serve (even before voting to self-appoint its members), has a budget of over $957,000 for the 2017-2018 academic year. Almost a third of these funds, $311,306, will be spent on representative stipends, staff and supplies to help maintain the organization and individuals to oversee the distribution of the remaining twothirds of the money. This cost, subsidized by UA students through the UA Graduate College and UA Dean of Students Office, is supposed to buy a student voice to stand up for issues concerning graduate and professional students and ensure the fair distribution of travel, childcare and research grants. Is that money receiving a return on its investment? In the past, GPSC has had its share of success stories. Last year GPSC President Jude Udeozor was able to make the new athletics fee optional and

minimum wage. “We usually change how many cars we operate based on that budget,” Smith said. “Our biggest expense is human capital — paying our workers and everything.” While SafeRide is not offered over winter break, the program is potentially offered over the summer, so long as it has enough funds left to continue operation. “We did last summer, but that doesn’t mean we will this summer,” Smith said. “Summer is always pretty dead; people take it, but it’s not nearly the same volume by far.” The boundaries of SafeRide range from Broadway Boulevard in the south, all the way up to Fort Lowell Road. Stone Avenue and Country Club Road make up the western and eastern boundaries. However, exceptions can be made for popular locations that are just outside of the standard area of operation. “We already make an exception for the El Con mall, or Walmart and Target, which is technically outside the boundaries,” Licari said. “But we still go.” Smith said SafeRide didn’t plan to formally expand its boundaries.


THEN-FRESHMAN STUDENT KIRK Davis uses SafeRide’s old app, Transloc Rider, to order a SafeRide car on Sept. 30, 2016. SafeRide will unveil its new app, TapRide, on Nov. 9.

“Usually increasing range isn’t necessarily an issue because we very rarely get people who are interested in going outside of our boundaries.” “But we have recently expanded from Grant [Road] to Fort Lowell [Road],” Smith added. “That was the only real demand.” Though SafeRide is available to any UA students, staff and faculty with a simple flash of a CatCard, there are some requirements that potential passengers must abide by. SafeRide will not take groups

half the price for graduate students, including football games. On top of that, he secured graduate students a four-year fee guarantee, preventing them from paying fee increases. He also prevented graduate on-campus rent from increasing. Yet, the crucial fact here is that Udeozor accomplished this despite many disputes in GPSC’s executive board and general council, not because of its cooperative efforts. While UA was paying this body to represent fellow students, representatives consistently spent the first 20 minutes of meetings arguing over the approval of minutes and hours, attempting to impeach members, pass retroactive term limits and resolve parliamentary disputes. This year is no better. Graduate and professional students at the UA need a voice. GPSC has shown that it can’t provide that. UA’s money would be better spent on programs that benefit graduate and professional students instead of subsidizing a self-appointed “student government” whose role of fairly distributing grants could be accomplished by a small team of UA administrators, staff or volunteers. As for giving the issues of graduate and professional students a campus voice, individual graduate schools already have student governance bodies (College of Medicine and Pharmacy) or student associations (College of Law and Master’s of Business Administration) to speak out. A few seats in ASUA’s senate filled with elected and dedicated members would more than be sufficient to provide graduate and professional

larger than six people. Its website reminds users that, “SafeRide is an academic service focused on student safety. Due to the large number of calls received each night, SafeRide must place priority on students traveling in smaller groups.” Also, SafeRide’s vehicles are owned by the university, so officially they cannot take intoxicated passengers. Determining whether a passenger is intoxicated is up to the driver, with a strict zero-tolerance policy.


JESSICA BAXTER, LEFT, AND Jude Udeozor, right, at a graduate council

meeting on Feb. 13.

students a seat at the table on issues affecting all of them. It’s time for the Dean of Students Office and Kendal Washington White to step in and end this embarrassment. GPSC governance has failed. It’s time to divert resources to address the needs of graduate and professional students not subsidize a handful to play petty politics. — Randall Eck no longer covers GPSC for the Daily Wildcat, and will not do so in the future

B8 • The Daily Wildcat

Advertisment • Wednesday, November 8-Tuesday, November 15, 2017

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SCIENCE (520) 621-7579

An astronomically uncommon observation How David Sand used a 16-inch telescope to analyze first-ever observed neutron star collision BY WILLIAM ROCKWELL @willwrock529

On Aug. 17, the Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Observatory (LIGO) detected gravitational waves from the depths of space, swiftly followed by a gamma ray burst detection from NASA’s Fermi space telescope. University of Arizona astronomer and supernovae investigator David Sand was one of the scientists who quickly began analyzing the event. Sand said he rents a small, 16-inch telescope in Chile, used primarily for finding supernovae in nearby galaxies. He and several other astronomers signed an agreement with LIGO to gain access to detections when they happen, so they could begin research immediately. “We didn’t think anything would come of it, but we wrote the software so we can respond to these things,” Sand said. “We implemented the program we had in place for black hole mergers; all I had to do was make a few tweaks.” Gravitational waves are disruptions in the very fabric of space-time, bending and squishing things on a scale even smaller than protons. LIGO works by detecting these subatomic contractions with two elongated arms with lasers shot from each arm. To ensure a detection isn’t merely a fluke, two LIGO detectors check each other. This is the first time gravitational waves and a gamma ray burst (GRB) have been detected in tandem, making this an exceptional discovery for the field of astronomy, according to Sand. The origin of these detections come from the collision of two neutron stars — hyper-dense stars only a few kilometers wide and 1.1 to 1.6 times more massive than the sun. Last year, LIGO detected gravitational

waves from the collision of two black holes, Sand said, so while this may not be the first gravitational wave detection, it’s the first from the collision of two neutron stars. “This alone was very exciting, these black hole mergers, but people did not expect to see neutron star mergers for another few years,” Sand said. “It wasn’t clear if LIGO had the sensitivity yet or how often these events happen.” The event took place only 130 million light years away, very close from an astronomical perspective, Sand said. Light waves were also emitted from this collision, allowing for telescopic observations to be made. “We didn’t know for sure we’d see light, and that’s why astronomers have been clamoring to study this event,” Sand said. “As the years go on, this still may be one of the best-studied events because of how close it is. We can’t expect anything closer to happen any time soon.” The observed collision only lasted a few days and was not as strong as, nor did it look like, a supernova, and has been dubbed a kilonova, according to Sand. Models and predictions have been made for kilonovae. “One of the surprises was that the models matched the observations, though there’s a bunch of little details that we’re trying to figure out,” Sand said. This discovery gives further proof to Einstein’s theory of relativity, according to Sand, which current observations have shown no great deviations from. The first detection of light came within two seconds of the gravitational waves, confirming gravitational waves move at about the same speed as light. “The real world is messier than equations. You have to model these things with computers, so in a lot of ways we’re learning new computational techniques,” Sand said. While the Fermi telescope constantly searches for gamma rays, this is the first


AN ARTIST’S INTERPRETATION OF gravitational waves generated by binary neutron stars. On Aug. 17, astronomers observed a neutron star merger for the first time.

time gamma rays have been associated with a neutron star collision. Astronomers have expected GRBs and gravitational waves to be linked, but this GRB detection was weaker than expected. “It’s an oddity in that we’re just barely able to detect these,” Sand said. “We think it’s weaker because the bursts are pointed in two directions like a beam and we were off axis.” In other words, Sand said, we only barely caught the burst. Sand also sees this as a perfect beginning for multi-messenger astronomy, a method of research using multiple different sources. He said in this method, you have light as a messenger, but another messenger might be gravitational waves. The messenger could be anything that can be detected and analyzed. “When you combine these, you learn more than you would with just one,” Sand said. For example, last year’s LIGO detection only found gravitational waves, according to Sand, and this year the waves were accompanied by light and a GRB. Another important aspect of this

observation is the Hubble constant, or the rate of expansion of the universe. To find this, Sand said, one needs the distance and the velocity. The issue is that, due to the sheer mindbending scope of the universe, distances are hard to gauge, but the gravitational waves help solve that problem. “The signature of the gravitational waves themselves and the amplitude gives you a distance, and with the expansion velocity, this tells you the Hubble constant,” Sand said. This is, however, the first time scientists made such a measurement, Sand said, as without an optical signature, previous black hole mergers could not give an expansion rate. “You need to see it in light so you can see its host galaxy and measure the expansion and how fast that galaxy is moving away from us,” Sand said. With LIGO constantly upgrading its technology, Sand said he hopes he’ll be able to detect events like these once every month soon enough.

Arizona bioeconomy boosted by UA-led center BY SIBU KUNNIE @DailyWildcat

Arizona’s growing bioeconomy is about to be energized by a $15 million grant from the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s National Institute of Food and Agriculture. The grant will be used to form a University of Arizona-led center, the Sustainable Bioeconomy for Arid Regions Center, which will be a partnership among several organizations.

Kimberly Ogden, director of the UA Institute for Energy Solutions and a professor in the College of Engineering, will head the center. Colorado State University, New Mexico State University, Colorado School of Mines, Bridgestone Americas and other groups will work under UA leadership toward a shared goal of increasing bioproduct viability. What are bioproducts? Bioproducts are products derived from

biomass. Biomass is plant matter that can be used as a fuel. An example is ethanol, an alcohol produced by the fermentation of sugars. Ethanol works in a similar fashion as regular gasoline. In fact, 97 percent of gasoline in the U.S. contains some ethanol, according to the U.S. Department of Energy. However, gasoline is a fossil fuel. The U.S. Department of Energy classifies fossil fuels as non-renewable resources, meaning they are depleted faster than they are formed. Biomass,

on the other hand, is renewable, and can be used to make biofuel. Ethanol and other biofuels are comprised of biomass that has been converted into liquid fuel for transportation. But biofuels are only one kind of bioproduct. There are many, ranging from bioplastics to biofoams and biocosmetics. These products are all ultimately derived from feedstocks.


B10 • The Daily Wildcat

Science • Wednesday, November 8 - Tuesday, November 15, 2017

Tracing the path of ancient turquoise BY OLIVIA JONES @I_g_g_why

The Killick Lab at the University of Arizona has been studying Canyon Creek Mine, located in east-central Arizona, for information on mining efforts in relation to Native American history. The results? The turquoise mined from Canyon Creek was traded by tribes farther than previously thought, after the lab investigated the properties of the gemstone. David Killick, director of Killick Lab and professor of anthropology, said variations in turquoise come from water passing through the stone and reacting chemically. “Turquoise is made when water reacts with copper deposits and the type of rock that surrounds it, which creates varieties in color and appearances of the gemstone,” Killick said. The process started with Saul Hedquist, a UA anthropology alumnus, who collected turquoise samples from museum artifacts throughout Arizona. Killick said it’s impossible to tell with a microscope where turquoise originated from, and that research has to be done with the isotopic properties. The isotopic properties of the artifacts and Canyon Creek Mine samples were examined and compared with a mass spectrometer by Alyson Thibodeau, a researcher at the Killick Lab. According to the Annenberg Learner website, isotopes are one form of an atom in which the number of neutrons determine the mass of the atom. The more neutrons the atom has, the more mass it will have. “The isotopes are a way of tracing people’s contact in ancient times ... there was a


What are feedstocks? Biomass feedstocks are renewable, plant-based materials with industrial applications, according to the U.S. Department of Energy. The UA-led Sustainable Bioeconomy for Arid Regions Center will focus on two feedstocks: guar and guayule. Both have exceptional heat and drought tolerance, making them ideal for the Arizona climate. Guar originally comes from arid desert regions in India. The legume has a multitude of commercial applications, ranging from a thickener in the food industry (in the form of guar gum) to a stabilizer in the drilling industry. Guayule is a latex-producing plant indigenous to the Southwest and is used in the tire industry as a source of rubber. But Dennis Ray, UA professor in the School of Plant Sciences, said he hopes to go further with these

revolution 30 years ago of the scientific techniques to answer how old sites ... how far people have moved,” Killick said. According to the Premier Biosoft website, mass spectrometry is used to quantify known materials, identify unknown compounds and explain the structure and chemical properties of different molecules. The spectrometer has three main instruments: an ion source to convert a sample into a gaseous substance, an analyzer to chart the sample into readable characteristics based on mass and a detector system for recording the properties of the ions that are found. Permission to collect samples from the Canyon Creek mine was granted by the White Mountain Apache Tribe, as the mine is located on their land. “To us [turquoise] is sacred ... We come from a people of a natural world,” said Ramon Riley, Fort Apache Museum cultural resource director and member of the White Mountain Apache tribe. “Everything we need is here. Everything is sacred and has a spirit.” Riley said turquoise has a number of uses in religion. “We use turquoise as our prayer to connect with our creator, Usen,” Riley said. “We use [turquoise] in our ceremonies, in healing and coming of age ceremonies.” Since the isotopes of the turquoise artifacts matched the samples from the Canyon Creek Mine, the researchers determined the turquoise traveled a distance of 200 kilometers, or 124 miles, from where it was originally found, before being placed into the museums. This means Native American peoples travelled and traded farther in the Arizona region than previously thought by anthropologists, according to Killick.

plants, as he has been studying guar and guayule for over 30 years. “A lot of what we grow now, there’s one product,” Ray said. “What do you do with the rest of that plant?” Meeting the full plant potential Realizing the full potential of drought-tolerant plants would make them more effective in a number of ways. Guayule and guar leave behind a residue, called bagasse, after they have been harvested for rubber and guar gum, Ray said. “You can take that and make it into jet fuel, biodiesel and gasoline,” Ray said. “Some of it could be used to run the processing plants.” Biorefineries, as they are called, may play a key role in the success of a long-term bioeconomy. For example, petrochemicals are materials derived from the refining of petroleum. They account for 2013 revenues upwards of $800 billion in the petroleum industry, nearly equal to the income brought in from actual fuel production, according to the U.S.


NAVAJO SHELL AND TURQUOISE necklaces in the Arizona State Museum’s “Paths of Life” exhibit, which features the cultures and history of Native American tribes in Arizona.

“It’s a real interest to the Hopi and Zuni tribes to see where their ancestors came from,” Killick said. “It’s an interest to archaeologists who have been arguing over the origin of the tribes’ trade for 100 years.” These questions can be answered even if all of the actual gemstones have been removed from the area, leaving no gemstones behind. Using the Silverbell copper mine in Pima county as an example, Killick said all the turquoise and copper had been removed, but isotopes could still be matched even without turquoise present at the mine, as long as the samples came from the original location of the

turquoise. According to Killick, the earliest known mines in Arizona were made from 800600 B.C.E. “Measuring the amount of copper, lead and strontium isotopes changes what we know about where [turquoise] came from,” Killick said. The Killick Lab is currently researching the existence of long-distance trade to Mexico by examining samples from Aztec sites in what is now Mexico City, which he said he thinks can be used to trace where more of the turquoise artifacts came from.

Department of Energy. And yet, petrochemicals are made with a fraction of the resources. Biorefineries could operate in a similar manner. But everything starts with feedstocks. Ray said that learning more about the plants is, therefore, of great importance. Chemical ‘plants’ “Plants don’t have immune systems,” Ray said. “When they come across viruses and fungi, they make other chemicals to fight [them] off.” The benefits of these resultant chemicals, according to Ray, vary widely, and their uses extend beyond the realm of typical industry; some chemicals may even combat disease. However, the scope of the enterprise is not limited to guar and guayule. Ray envisions the method being applied to any crop. “Can we find other uses, biofuels and bioproducts, from other crops?” Ray said. Ray’s team is working to improve feedstocks, using plant-breeding

BEANS FROM A GUAR plant. The beans can be used to make a variety of bioproducts.

techniques comparable to those of prehistoric humans. There are many additional teams working with irrigation, soil fertility and other agricultural aspects, but the Sustainable Bioeconomy for Arid Regions Center seeks to do more, according to Ray. There are plans for workshops,

extension bulletins, K-12 teaching modules, outreach by graduate students and interactions with indigenous communities. The goal, Ray said, is to serve as an example of sustainability, not only in the U.S., but in arid regions around the world. And it’s rooted right here, at the UA.

Wednesday — Tuesday Nov 8 ­­— Nov 14 Page B11

ARTS & LIFE (520) 621-7579

Tucson celebrates life and death at All Souls BY ISAAC ANDREWS @isaacandone

The All Souls Procession, a massive community event organized by the nonprofit Many Mouths One Stomach, provides a sanctuary for Tucson citizens to gather, celebrate life, recognize death, express grief and heal through shared experience. On Sunday, Nov. 5, in the Barrio Hollywood neighborhood, the procession began and gradually wove its way alongside the Santa Cruz River, attracting over 100,000 participants and observers upon reaching the final site near Sentinel Plaza. An elaborate geodesicshaped urn led the 1.5 mile-long procession. Ushers passed out paper and pencil for attendees to write short messages, testimonies and prayers to be placed into the urn to be burned during the final ceremony. The lighting of the urn represents the focus of the ceremony: creation, destruction and transformation expressed through fiery spectacle. Some people held hands, some danced, some sang and many walked. Elegant floats, costumes and people appeared as the previous group marched forward. Light, rhythmic drumming and singing could be heard from blocks away. A sweet scent of incense, sage and burning candles floated alongside the procession. Each colorful party passed along slowly, moving with purpose, celebrating life and death in their own way. The finale culminated with various demonstrations from singers, dancers and performers. Lifted high into the sky via crane, the urn was burnt to the echoing of music by the Tucson Symphony Orchestra. The All Souls Procession is a time for the communal celebration of the lives of deceased loved ones. Kimberly Madison came with her husband to honor loved ones recently departed. “The collective grieving that the people of Tucson and surrounding area bring to this event is just stunning,” Madison said.


KIMBERLY MUNOZ PARTICIPATES IN the 2017 All Souls Procession on Nov. 5.

Madison said she has been Madison said she walked for participating in the procession her husband’s father, who died since about 2009, five years ago, her and she played cat, best friend drums in the of 14 years, her When you’re grandparents 2012 procession. She said she walking, you’re and friends’ has seen the in this river of parents. She said event grow each when she saw people feeling this pictures of other year, and she collective grievance." participants’ thought the new route, which departed loved differed from past — Kimberly ones, she held processions in them in her heart Madison, procession also. the downtown participant area, worked out “That’s what well. adds to the magic “When you’re of the event,” walking, you’re in Madison said. “I this river of people feeling this see everyone honoring so many collective grievance,” Madison people who have died, and it’s said. “It’s all about the people; it like a big heart explosion. I carry doesn’t even really matter where all of that.” the route is.” Dorothy Lucero attended the

procession for her fifth year. She lives in Tucson and said her cousins from Phoenix visit each year to come to the procession. “We came to represent our ancestors and our past loved ones,” Lucero said. “I do it every year.” Lucero said she was keeping her grandmother, brother, cousin and uncle in her thoughts. She said her favorite part of the procession is the burning of the urn. She liked last year’s downtown route better, partially because this year’s route was darker. Having worked with the event through drumming and dancing, Madison said she understands the immense planning that goes into this event. “At the end of the night, I feel like I’ve reaped the benefits of

my community; this is what community is.” Madison said. “I’ve never lived in a place where I’ve felt community so strongly.” Not all who came to the procession were Tucson locals. Karen Strong and her daughter, Maya, came to Tucson from Phoenix for the procession. Maya learned about All Souls Day in her seventh-grade art class, and the pair decided to experience a real procession. “We wanted to see what it was like,” Strong said. “It was pretty cool seeing all the people in remembrance of people in their families that have passed away.” Karen said she was keeping her grandmother in mind during the evening’s events. Maya said the actual procession was her favorite part.

B12 • The Daily Wildcat

Arts & Life • Wednesday, November 8 - Tuesday, November 15, 2017

Tucson Food Tours explore city’s culinary legacy Participants can experience what this UNESCO-designated World City of Gastronomy has to offer from a variety of tour options BY SARAH WORKMAN @DailyWildcat

Tucson Food Tours has become a popular food tourism business in Tucson since it was established in 2012. In the past, they offered only one tour, which features restaurants from the downtown Tucson area. Recently, they added an additional tour route that will showcase five restaurants on Fourth Avenue and Main Gate Square. Bradner Lawrence opened Tucson Food Tours alongside his wife, Maria. The two coowners combined their interests for food and Tucson to create the business. Lawrence said he originally gained inspiration for starting a food tour company in Tucson after participating in a similar food tour in Chicago. “We actually did a food tour in Chicago right before I got a job as a firefighter, and there was just enough places opening up downtown in Tucson to walk to that were good local spots,” Lawrence said. “So when I was on the food tour in Chicago, I thought ‘Hey, we could do this in Tucson.’ I looked it up and saw that no one else was doing it at the time, so I figured it would be a good side business to start.” It was fairly easy for Lawrence to organize the food tours, since he already had connections with individuals who worked in the Tucson food industry. The downtown tour features six restaurants, including The Hub and El Charro. “We try to keep our tours at around 12 people maximum so they’re a little more intimate, but what that meant was that we were selling out,” Lawrence said. Once the popularity of the food tours began to rise, Lawrence decided it was time to expand. Instead of simply adding more times for the downtown tours, Lawrence said that he wanted to integrate a different part of Tucson into the food tours, which resulted in the new Main Gate Square and Fourth Avenue tour. Lawrence said the downtown tour includes well-known restaurants in Tucson, while the Fourth Avenue tour will focus

primarily on “hole-in-the-wall” restaurants, such as Cafe Passé, the Drunken Chicken, Lindy’s on 4th, TallBoys AF, BOCA Tacos y Tequila and more. The contrasts between the tours are not limited to the differences between restaurants, but also the varying history of these places. The downtown food tour teaches customers about historic downtown Tucson while also visiting some of the most popular culinary spots. The new tour will be concentrated on providing clients with knowledge about the historic university while visiting lesser-known restaurants and cafes. Lawrence said frequenters of the food tours are often diverse. There is not a prominent population of tourists versus locals, rather it‘s a mix of both. About one-third of the customers are locals, and the other two-thirds of the customers are generally tourists or individuals who have a seasonal home in Tucson, Lawrence said. When Tucson was recognized by UNSECO to be the first World City of Gastronomy, Lawrence said he saw a spike in college students bringing their parents along with them on the food tours. The UNSECO rating also brought in more business from culinary-oriented tourists who visit Tucson to experience different types of cuisine. “The goal is to make regular customers out of people,” Lawrence said. Lawrence said the main distinction between Tucson Food Tours and other cities’ food tours, like the one he went on in Chicago, is that Tucson is more food-oriented, rather than history-oriented. “We try to make people full by the time they’re done,” Lawrence said. “I think what made us popular is that you don’t always feel like you’re on a tour; you feel like you’re with a group of your friends walking around eating and drinking.” For a full list of tour dates and registration, visit


A TURKEY SANDWICH FROM Maynard’s Market includes sliced turkey, roasted almonds and herb vinaigrette, avocado, bibb lettuce, poblano mayo and red onion on wheat bread.


TUCSON FOOD TOURS OWNER and guide Bradner Lawrence tells of history about the train station at Maynard’s Market.

The Daily Wildcat • B13

Arts & Life • Wednesday, November 8 - Tuesday, November 15, 2017

Coming up: The Loft Film Fest 2017 BY KACIE LILLEJORD @DailyWildcat

November is perhaps the month in which people are most conscientious and pensive in regards to what they are thankful for, as this month marks the national holiday of Thanksgiving. We have many things to be thankful for, from food to shelter to family and friends, but locals may be thankful for something else in particular: The annual Loft Film Fest. This year marks the eighth anniversary of the film festival. The Loft Cinema, located at 3233 E. Speedway Blvd., will host the entirety of the event, which will commence Wednesday, Nov. 8, and conclude on Thursday, Nov. 16. There is a lot to look forward to; the Loft has organized an eclectic array of films and filmmakers in honor of the event. Here’s a sampling of what’s to come:

“Manufacturing Consent”

“Revenge of the Nerds”

The Loft Film Fest will present its annual Lofty Achievement Award to UA Professor Noam Chomsky, considered to be the founder of modern linguistics, at 6:30 p.m. on Nov. 10. Chomsky will be celebrated for his noteworthy contributions to film and will introduce a special screening of the award-winning, 1992 political documentary “Manufacturing Consent,” in which Chomsky is featured. The night before the screening, Chomsky will also make an appearance on the UA campus for “The Haury Conversation” discussion with Regents’ Professor Toni Massaro about social justice and democracy. Pre-sale tickets for this event are sold out, but any remaining tickets will be available 20 minutes before the event at the box office.

The first film featured will be none other than “Revenge of the Nerds,” a cult classic near and dear to our hearts, as parts of it were filmed in Tucson and on the University of Arizona campus. You can watch this 1984 film on The Loft’s big screen at 7:30 p.m. on Nov. 8. Not only can you watch it, but you can also have the opportunity to see Curtis Armstrong, who played “Booger” in the film, in person. Armstrong will be present to discuss the making of the film and his memories of Tucson in a post-film Q&A. He will also sign copies of his recently released memoir, “Revenge of the Nerd: Or … The Singular Adventures of the Man Who Would Be Booger.” His book will be available for purchase at the event. However, be sure to arrive early to attend the opening night party beforehand, which will have live music by local ‘80s music cover band 80s & Gentlemen, as well as free champagne and some light hors d’oeuvres. General admission is $15, and for Loft members, admission is $10.

“Gas Food Lodging” This event, which begins at 2 p.m. on Nov. 12, will consist of the 25th anniversary screening of the 1992 drama “Gas Food Lodging” in 2K digital restoration, according to the film fest’s website. Allison Anders, who wrote and directed this independent film, is this year’s recipient of The Loft Film Fest’s 2017 Lee Marvin Maverick Award, which is presented to film artists whose work “embodies a bold spirit of daring, originality and independence,” according to the film fest’s website. The screening will also include a career highlight reel and the presentation of the award to Anders prior to the film’s screening, as well as an onstage Q&A with the director following the film’s end. The film’s cinematographer, Dean Lent, will also be in attendance. General admission for this event is $15, while admission is $10 for Loft members.



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SPORTS Notebook: Too little too late in L.A.

Wednesday — Tuesday Nov 8 ­­— Nov 14 Page B14 (520) 621-7579


LOS ANGELES — In a fight for Pac-12 South supremacy, the No. 22 Arizona Wildcats were outmatched by the No. 17 USC Trojans and came up short of comeback in a 49-35 loss. The loss drops Arizona football to an overall record of 6-3 (4-2 in Pac-12), but on the bright side, they don’t drop in the Pac-12 standings and remain at second place. Here’s a breakdown of what went wrong for Arizona: The defense broke: For the last few weeks, Arizona football’s defense was tested but managed to rise to several occasions. This time, the ‘Cats met their match as they allowed a total of 642 yards to the Trojans and couldn’t produce the same game-changing defensive plays as past weeks. The defense line and linebackers had difficulties tackling on first contact and the secondary gave up too many chunk plays down the field for Arizona to have come out on top. The Trojans averaged 8.2 yards per play and physically dominated the Wildcats small defensive front. “We gave up 650 yards and 50 points,” said UA football head coach Rich Rodriguez. “Those are my concerns.” Batman and Robin: Sam Darnold and Ronald Jones II played the role of the iconic dynamic duo and fueled the Trojan offense from start to finish. Trojan running back Ronald Jones II set the pace early and late for the Trojans. Jones opened up the game with five straight carries for 52 yards and making his presence known off the bat. Jones then dominated the fourth quarter with two touchdown runs in the final minutes after Arizona had made its improbable comeback. Jones finished the game with 194 rushing yards, 39 receiving yards and three rushing touchdowns. USC quarterback Sam Darnold dominated the middle of the contest for the Trojans, throwing for 311 yards on 20-26 passing and two touchdowns, which both came in the second quarter. After throwing a first quarter interception, Darnold threw his two touchdowns on the next two drives to open up a 21-6 Trojan lead going into halftime. He then proceeded to lead USC on touchdown drives on four of the Trojan’s eight second half possessions. Too little too late: Arizona quarterback Khalil Tate made some magical plays for the Wildcats, but his first November game got off to a rough start. Tate was held under 100 yards of offense in the first half and it took him until 4:30 in the third quarter to finally break loose for a score. At that point, the Trojans sustained a 28-6 lead. From there it seemed Tate had regained his


ARIZONA’S KHALIL TATE (14) SCORES a touchdown against USC. Arizona lost 49-35.

magic and flipped the script on the Trojans. Tate led the Wildcats on four straight touchdown drives and finally tied the game up at 35 with just over eight minutes to go in the fourth quarter. But that magic vanished as Tate threw interceptions on the final two Arizona drives and with it, threw away any chances of a comeback that Arizona might have had. Tate was emotional after the game, but got support from USC head coach Clay Helton as well as several Trojan players. “I don’t like to lose, I get emotional when I lose,”

Tate said. Overall, it was a solid performance from the possible Heisman candidate who finished the night with 307 total yards and three touchdowns, but just couldn’t do enough to complete the upset. The last one: Arizona football plays its final home game of the 2017 season against Oregon State next Saturday, Nov. 11. The senior night game will kick-off at 8:15 p.m. and will be broadcast on Pac-12 Network.

The Daily Wildcat • B15

Sports• Wednesday, November 8 - Tuesday, November 15, 2017

Done but not finished yet Arizona soccer ends its regular season, but have earned themselves a spot in the national tournament BY MAX COHEN @maxcohen_dw

The Arizona Wildcat soccer team was picked to finish ninth by the coaches collectively before the season started. Head coach Tony Amato did not let his players forget that fact throughout the course of the season. The ‘Cats finished the regular season Thursday, Nov. 2 against Arizona State with a 2-1 victory, which helped the Wildcats secure a fourth place standing in the conference. Arizona opened their season strong with a victory at Oklahoma, but later struggled against lesser teams including Texas Tech and Florida Gulf Coast. The Wildcats outplayed both teams, but lost to FGCU 1-0. Amato stated that, despite only securing three points in two games, Arizona was playing the best soccer it has since he arrived here a few years ago. Following their matches against Texas Tech and Florida Gulf Coast, Arizona defeated BYU and haven’t looked back since. Arizona followed up there 2-1 victory over BYU by hosting Oregon to open Pac-12 play. Arizona beat Oregon in front of a nearly record-breaking crowd, before beginning one of the toughest four-game stretches of any team in the country. The Wildcats played consecutively Stanford, Cal, USC and UCLA. UCLA and


ARIZONA MIDFIELDER CALI CRISLER (3) moves past a Washington player during Arizona’s 2-1 win over Washington on Oct. 26. The UA finished their regular season 7-2-2 in the Pac-12 and 10-4-4 overall.

Stanford were the top two teams in the nation, respectively, at the time, while Cal and USC were also in the top 15. Arizona went 1-2-1 in that stretch to enter the national conversation. The Wildcats were undefeated since their loss to USC including a draw with the top range UCLA and went 4-2-2 against the eight teams ranked higher than then in the preseason coaches’ poll, and 7-2-2 overall in the conference.

In the last RPI poll, released Oct. 29, the Wildcats were ranked No. 20 in the country. UA has shown that they can beat teams several ways they can win with high-pressure scoring on side pieces in corner kicks like they did against Texas Tech or by sitting back and beating teams on the counter like they did against Cal. Arizona is playing mini formations over the course of the season starting out with a

4-4-2 and then transitioning to a 4-1-3-2, playing most recently a 4-3-3. The Wildcats versatility is going to serve them well in the tournament because they are adjusted to teams that play many different styles. Amato stated that he used the 4-3-3 formation against teams that feature their wings. This formation suits the younger players on the team much better than it does some of the

veterans. Playing this formation has given some of the freshman a lot of experience that they wouldn’t have otherwise gotten. This shows the bright future for Arizona past this season. Four dynamic seniors Cali Crisler, Gabi Stoian, Brandi Park, and Charlotte Brascia led the Wildcats this season, but however would not be as successful without some of their younger counterparts. Brascia, would not be as successful as a holding forward without the emergence of redshirt freshman Jill Aguilera. Park and sophomore Samantha Falasco have combined to be a great center back pairing that allows the wingbacks to get forward into the attack. Crisler improved during the season with help of Kelcey Cavarra and Kennedy Kieneker, who allow Crisler to lead the counterattack with outlet passes. Half of Stoian’s goals have been assisted by Crisler. Arizona is not done yet as they have almost certainly earned themselves a spot in the national tournament. Arizona’s best tournament finish was two years ago when the Wildcats fell to Stanford in the Sweet Sixteen. The seniors on this team, who are looking to solidify their legacy, were sophomores on that Sweet 16 team and will look to build off their postseason experience to lead this team past the bar that they set for themselves two years prior.

B16 • The Daily Wildcat

Sports • Wednesday, November 8 - Tuesday, November 15, 2017


JUNIOR CHASE JETER ATTEMPTS a hook shot over Dusan Ristic during the McDonald’s Red-Blue game on Oct. 20. Jeter transfered to Arizona from Duke.


DYLAN SMITH DRIBBLES UP court during the McDonald’s Red-Blue game on Oct. 20 in McKale Center. Smith comes to Arizona as a transfer from UNC Asheville.

Life of a transfer Transfers provide stability and growth for Arizona men’s basketball

BY IAN TISDALE @iantisdl

Being a college basketball program that has a reputation for breeding success, Arizona men’s basketball is naturally a magnet for prospective transfers from all over the country. Players that have the desire to compete, and win, at an elite level often come to Arizona and make big impacts. In 2016 power forward Ryan Anderson, who after playing three years for Boston College, decided to come to the UA. “Coming from BC, I wanted a chance to compete for a national championship and be a part of it,” Anderson said in an interview with the Arizona Daily Star. “That’s the main thing, that and their player development and history.” In only one season with the Wildcats, Anderson averaged a double-double every game, and was selected first team All-Pac-12. Yet before he could start playing and scoring on the court, Anderson, like all other Division I college transfers, had to sit out of competition for a full year.

NCAA regulations specify that all transfers have to satisfy a year of “academic residence” in order to be eligible to compete at their new school. This can burden, or benefit the likes of an incoming player. Arizona shooting guard Dylan Smith, who transferred from UNC Asheville before the start of last season, is an example of how a year off can sometimes be necessary to adjust, and improve a player’s game in a new system. “You have to learn our system and you have to find a way to become a better player,” said Arizona head coach Sean Miller. “There’s no free passes if you’re him. Even in shootaround, we treat him as if he’s getting ready for a game. That’s what you learn in your year off.” And for transfers like Smith, they are willing to do what it takes to succeed, even if it means sitting a year. “He told me I had the potential to make the league. That’s what coach Miller plans for me.” Smith said in an interview with the Daily Star. “I look forward to practice every day, because I have to.” Smith is eligible to play this season, and will probably

see time off the bench as a “three-and-D” player, looking to help the ‘Cats any way he can. Missing a year can be frustrating, especially for high caliber players who haven’t received much play time in the past, like new transfer Chase Jeter from Duke. Despite his natural talent — he was a McDonald’s All-American in high school — Jeter was stuck at a program in Duke that didn’t utilize him often. “He was caught in a logjam at Duke and lost confidence, splitting time with several other posts,” said analyst Josh Gershon. “He didn’t have the luxury of playing with a true point guard, which also hurt him.” However, like Smith, Jeter can use his year off to improve, so he can capitalize on the moments where he gets on the court. After the probable loss of Ayton and Ristic after this year, Jeter might be essential at the post next season, which makes this year even more important to prepare. The necessity of academic residency for transfers can be debated, but in Arizona’s case, that one year off may be helpful in the long run.

The Daily Wildcat • B17

Sports • Wednesday, November 8 - Tuesday, November 15, 2017

Chris Westlund is no stranger to the ice BY RACHEL HUSTON @mirachelonice

“That kid’s just a horse. That kid, every single night, does everything right. He’s an absolute leader, an unbelievable kid,” said head coach Chad Berman. That kid is Arizona hockey sophomore Christopher Westlund. Westlund is a second year player who hails from Calgary, Alberta, and is no stranger to the sport of hockey. Oh Canada Westlund was born into a hockey family as his father played to the university level and was even given a chance to play with the Calgary Flames of the NHL, but he never pursued it. “He’s definitely my role model on the ice, and [I] definitely want to do what he did growing up,” Westlund said. Because of his father’s love for hockey, it comes as no surprise that it was him who laced up his son’s skates and taught him to ice skate. Westlund doesn’t recall the first time he skated because he was so young. But his father wasn’t just a hockey player, he was one of Chris’ biggest fans. Both his mom and dad were, as Chris described them, diehards; they were at every early morning practice and late-night games. His sister, who didn’t play hockey, also went to his games and cheered on Westlund while he was on the ice. Outside of his family, Westlund had lots of support and opportunities to play. For years he played in tournaments with a team made up of kids from the same neighborhood. It was mainly the same group of kids every year and he always had fun playing with them.. One of the biggest bonuses Westlund had growing up in Calgary was rink availability, especially outdoor ones — even if the ice is a little choppy and not resurfaced by a Zamboni every so often. “There’s something authentic about it, you know, go out with


ARIZONA FORWARD CHRISTOPHER WESTLUND during the UA-CU game on Nov. 2 at the Tucson Convention Center. Westlund is a second-year player who hails from Calgary, Alberta.

your friends and just have a good time and it’s always just relaxed,” Westlund said. While Westlund spent a good amount of his time playing hockey, there was always time to watch his hometown Flames. Some of his best memories are going to Flames games when he was younger. In 2004, the team improved and made a run to the Stanley Cup Finals and lost in seven games. Before that the Flames battled the San Jose Sharks in the Western Conference Finals and won – and Westlund got to see that in person. His main idol on the Flames was, and still is, hockey legend Jarome Iginla. “He played the game right

and, you know, off the ice too he was the best guy if he came to see you. He was always great,” Westlund said. Like Iginla, Westlund dove into junior hockey at a young age and played two providence’s away in Manitoba for the Selkirk Steelers of the MJHL. During his time in Selkirk, Westlund continued to learn on the ice, especially how to play a long season. Junior seasons are over twice as long as college, so Westlund’s endurance was high enough to last the whole season in Tucson, Ariz. Overall, his time there helped him make the move from the coldest place in Canada to one of the hottest in

the United States. Welcome to Tucson It’s been a year since Westlund moved to the desert and suited up as an Arizona Wildcat, and now he’s settled right in and rooms with teammates Orion Olsen and Griffin Dyne, and is enjoying every minute. “It’s a lot of fun just being able to live with some of your best friends... we all get along so well, that’s what makes it the best,” Westlund said. The team keeps things playful and easy off the ice during the season, including the weekend before Halloween. The Wildcats showed up to a game against Oklahoma dressed

in their costumes instead of their suits. Head coach Chad Berman, as well as his teammates, found Westlund’s particularly amusing. “My roommate Orion Olsen, he gave me his old costume,” Westlund said, “which is just a big box of crayons so I thought that one was pretty funny – almost won the contest too.” As Westlund described it, the team just tries and relax and not push themselves too hard when they’re not on the ice. Another way the team keeps things light is by establishing close bonds. “A lot of us like to get together the night before a game we’ll have a big meal together just to kind of get some team bonding going,” Westlund said.

B18 • The Daily Wildcat

Classifieds • Wednesday, November 8-Tuesday, November 15, 2017


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In this Issue: Through a rented lens, New SafeRide app and Tucson celebrates life and death at All Souls