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THE DAILY WILDCAT Printing the news, sounding the alarm, and raising hell since 1899




Columbine High School: Cassie Bernall, Steve Curnow, Corey DePooter, Kelly Fleming, Matt Kechter, Daniel Mauser, Daniel Rohrbough, Rachel Scott, Isaiah Shoels, John Tomlin, Lauren Townsend, Kyle Velasquez, Dave Sanders • University of Arizona: Robin Rogers, Barbara Monroe, Cheryl McGaffic • Red Lake Senior High School: Daryl Lussier, Michelle Sigana, Derrick Brun, Alicia White, Neva Wynkoop-Rogers, Thurlene Stillday, Chanelle Rosebear, Chase Lussier, Dewayne Lewis • West Nickel Mines Amish School: Naomi Rose Ebersol, Lena Miller, Mary Liz Miller, Anna Mae Stoltzfus, Marian Fisher • Virginia Tech Blacksburg: Ross A. Alameddine, Christopher James Bishop, Brian R. Bluhm, Ryan Christopher Clark, Austin Michelle Cloyd, Jocelyne Couture- Nowak, Kevin P. Granata, Matthew Gregory Gwaltney, Caitlin Millar Hammaren, Jeremy Michael Herbstritt, Rachael Elizabeth Hill, Emily Jane Hilscher, Jarrett Lee Lane, Matthew

It happened here. Twice. T EDITORIAL

he Tucson community has been affected by gun violence twice during the past decade and a half. In 2002, the UA’s College of Nursing was horribly devastated when an armed gunman shot and killed three professors and subsequently himself. In 2011, our own Rep. Gabrielle Giffords was shot and horribly wounded alongside 18 others , of whom six were killed outside of a local grocery store. Among the six killed was a 9-year-old girl. Today, Oct. 28, is the 13th anniversary of the 2002 shooting at the UA College of Nursing, and we as a nation have made seemingly no progress—perhaps even regressed—on the issue of gun violence. Growing up, our generation has seen horrific violence. In 1999, the unthinkable happened at Columbine High School in Colorado: two seniors planned and orchestrated a sophisticated attack on their high school ending in the deaths of 12 students, one teacher and the suicides of the perpetrators themselves. Eight years after that came the tragedy at Virginia Tech, where 32 were slaughtered. On the front page we have chosen to display all the names of mass shooting victims as a testament to their memories and the importance of remembering victims in preventing future murders. We have also

chosen to report the names of the shooters within the pages of this issue because, as journalists, we must report the facts of these terrible events. As a generation, we have become desensitized to violence and are shockingly apathetic, even when the violence happens within our own communities. We have chosen to focus on mass shootings, consisting of three or more people effected, whether or not they happened on a university campus. These shootings are more than a campus problem. The problem, then, is that this trauma isn’t unique to our community or to any community; in this country we have had more mass shootings this year than we have had days. As a result we have had a tsunami of proposed legislation for increasingly tighter gun regulations. However, nothing comes of it. After each shooting, whether it is at a school, a grocery store, a movie theater or a private residence, we ask ourselves how we can fix this and generate multiple methods to mitigate these tragedies. Yet here we are, with no solutions, just waiting for the next tragedy and the subsequent sympathetic Facebook post that will accompany it. We are all [insert school mascot] or [whatever town] “strong”. We are complacent. We need to do more. Sadly, this editorial could have been written

and published at any time. This will always be a current topic, as gun violence prevails daily, yet little has been done on a societal or legislative level to address these shootings. The president airs an address, the nation mourns and we forget about it until the next agitated assailant makes his move on a community, unsuspecting and shocked by the violent outburst. “He was such a good kid,” acquaintances will say. “We really didn’t see this coming.” But we do see it coming. As a nation, we understand the risks of a wildly underwhelming mental health care system and a social climate where guns are an expectation, not a rarity, yet nothing changes. We sit and we wait and hope that it gets better. That is why we are doing this special issue, because we want it to be understood that we, as college reporters and Millennials, do care about gun violence and strive to not simply be apathetic bystanders hoping we’re not the ones who get shot. It happened here. History forgotten simply repeats itself. Editorials are determined by the Daily Wildcat editorial board and are written by its members. They are Nick Havey, Jessie Webster and Jacquelyn Oesterblad. Christianna Silva and Meghan Fernandez recused themselves from this editorial.

Joseph La Porte, Henry J. Lee, Liviu Librescu, G.V. Loganathan, Partahi Mamora Halomoan Lumbantoruan, Lauren Ashley McCain, Daniel Patrick O’Neil, Juan Ramon Ortiz-Ortiz, Minal Hiralal Panchal, Daniel Alejandro Perez Cueva, Erin Nicole Peterson, Michael Steven Pohle, Jr., Julia Kathleen Pryde, Mary Karen Read, Reema Joseph Samaha,Waleed Mohamed Shaalan, Leslie Geraldine Sherman,Maxine Shelly Turner, Nicole Regina White •Northern Illinois University: Gayle Dubowski, Catalina Garcia, Julianna Gehant, Ryanne Mace, Daniel Parmenter • University of Alabama Huntsville: Maria Ragland Davis, Adriel Johnson, Gopi Podila • Chardon High School: Demetrius Hewlin, Russell King, Jr., Daniel Parmertor • Oikos University: Katleen Ping, Lydia Sim, Tshering Rinzing Bhutia, Sonam Chodon, Judith Seymour, Grace Eunhae Kim, Doris Chibuko • Sandy Hook Elementary School: Charlotte Bacon, Daniel Barden, Rachel D’Avino, Olivia Rose Engel, Josephine Gay, Dawn Lafferty Hochsprung, Dylan Hockley, Madeleine F. Hsu, Catherine V. Hubbard, Chase Kowalski, Nancy J Lanza, Jesse Lewis, Ana Marquez-Greene, James Mattioli, Grace Audrey McDonnell, Anne Marie Murphy, Emilie Parker, Jack Pinto, Noah Pozner, Caroline Previdi, Jessica Rekos, Avielle Richman, Lauren Rousseau, Mary Sherlach, Victoria Soto, Benjamin Wheeler, Allison Wyatt • Hazard Community and Technical College: Taylor Cornett, Caitlin Cornett, Jackie Cornett • Santa Monica College: Samir Zawahri, Christopher Zawahri, Carlos Navarro Franco, Marcela Franco, Margarita Gomez • University of Calif. Santa Barbara: Weihan “David” Wang, Cheng Yuan “James” Hong, George Chen, Veronika Elizabeth Weiss, Katherine Breann Cooper, Christopher Ross Michaels-Martinez • Marysville Pilchuck High School: Shaylee Chuckulnaskit, Andrew Fryberg, Zoe Galasso, Gia Soriano • Umpqua Community College: Lucero Alcaraz, Rebecka Ann Carnes, Jason Dale Johnson, Quinn Glenn Cooper, Treven Taylor Anspach, Lucas Eibel, Lawrence Levine, Kim Saltmarsh Dietz, Sarena Dawn Moore

2 • The Daily Wildcat

October 28-29, 2015 • News


UA remembers 2002 shooting BY Lauren Renteria The Daily Wildcat

It was already a restless morning for University of Arizona Police Department Officer Filbert Barrera. Earlier that day, Oct. 28, 2002, basketball ticket sales had incited a small riot at the McKale Center, calling for an unusual need for police activity. Returning to the UAPD station from the athletic center, Barrera and his colleagues received a dispatch call they would never forget. “I remember hearing the dispatcher and, when she came up on the air, I could already tell by the tone of her voice that something was wrong,” said Barrera, now a sergeant and public information officer for UAPD. Shots had been fired at the UA College of Nursing while students took their midterm exams that Monday morning. The gunman, Robert Stewart Flores Jr., a third-semester nursing student, had shot and killed three of his professors in the building north of Speedway Boulevard. After shooting and killing Professor Robin Rogers in her second floor office, Flores moved to a fourth floor classroom. In front of a classroom full of students, he killed Barbara Monroe and Cheryl McGaffic, both nursing professors. Flores dismissed the frightened students from their classroom and then killed himself at the scene with one of the five guns he had brought to campus. From violence to chaos, those inside frantically ran from the scene. As one of the first responders on the chaotic scene, Barrera was overwhelmed with a flood of students and faculty fleeing from both the College of Pharmacy and College of Nursing buildings. Barrera, who has served at UAPD since 1998, recalls the intense fear in the faces of those pouring out of the buildings. “What really was just crazy, was how chaotic it was, and you go through the building and you see people who are really, really scared,” he said. “You don’t see that often. You don’t see people who think they are going to die. That’s one thing that has always resonated with me.” Not knowing at the time where the gunman had shot from, or if the shooter was still active, Barrera and another officer entered the Pharmacy building, while four others rushed to the Nursing building, where the scene had unfolded. For Barrera, this was a crime different from the rest, a crime of a scale UAPD had never dealt with before and never has since. “It’s a unique feeling when you are going through a building with your gun out, and people are scared for their lives, and you can see it in their eyes,” Barrera said. The scene spoke for themselves. Barrera remembers the surreal feeling of lifelessness in the room holding the students’ unclaimed belongings amid a

Saul Loeb/The Daily Wildcat

Students and faculty gather near the scene of a shooting at the College of Nursing on Oct. 28, 2002 that left four dead. The gunman, a struggling nursing student, shot and killed three professors before turning the gun on himself.

grisly scene. Bags, lunches, computers. All left behind in the chaos of the moment. “Going through the building after we had it cleared, it’s just amazing how a building can have a life based on the people that are in it and that one was just void of that afterwards,” Barrera said. “It’s like the wind had picked up everyone and just left all their belongings, it’s just eerie, … you try to catch your breath for [a] moment, and it’s completely quiet in a place that’s supposed to be busy.” That deadly morning, the College of Nursing lost three valued members of the UA family. The first victim, assistant professor Robin Rogers, 50, served as a faculty member for six years and contributed to the field of pediatrics before the shooting. Professor Cheryl McGaffic, served as a registered nurse for 21 years and contributed to the UA College of Nursing through research and charity. She was 44. The last to die that day was Barbara Monroe, 45, a professor who had joined the UA College of Nursing faculty only a year prior. The three women are memorialized on the UA campus at the Women’s Plaza of Honor, where a freestanding bench resides in their honor for their service at the UA and where annual candlelight vigils are held by the College of Nursing. Through trauma came community healing. While three families lost loved ones on this tragic day, it also marked a loss for the entire UA community. Students lost teachers and also a sense of security in the classroom. This was not just a tragedy for some, but one that

resonated with all of those connected to the university. Melissa Vito, current vice president for student affairs and enrollment management, remembers that day and the need for counseling for the students who witnessed the tragedy. Vito, the dean of students at the time, heard the news while on her way to Phoenix. With students distraught and without a place to go, Vito and members of the Associated Students of the University of Arizona, utilized the Swede Johnson Building to house, counsel and help return abandoned items to the students who had fled from the violent scene. Within the day, those from Life and Work Connections, a UA program that aids employees and students, and ASUA helped work toward a sense of normalcy within a shaken community. “You know, you had students whose car was parked in the area that had been set up as a crime scene,” Vito said. “We really had to figure out what those needs were and working with a team, and to help figure out ways to do it.” Then-UA President Peter Likins, recounted the day and the efforts to help those students who had witnessed the killings and to foster a sense of strength for them through the traumatic event. Likins also recalled a sense of extreme worry throughout the campus. The shooting occurred just a year after the September 11 attacks. However, he stressed that this day was not meant for students and faculty to live in fear, but to come together as a community. “In the middle of the confusion, … I said, ‘It is important to distinguish between grief and fear,’” Likins recounted. “‘This is a time for grief, and we need to focus on grief. We need to focus on the victims, not on the killer,

not on future dangers. Right now, we focus on those living.’” UAPD Chief Brian Seastone recalled the unwavering support that all members of the UA community were able to provide after the shooting. “There were many things that day,” Seastone said. “Obviously, the tragedy is always going to be there, but it was the amazing outpouring of support that not only law enforcement, and the first responders had from people offering help … that will always stay with me, just the care and compassion that everybody showed that day.” With a tragedy, progression works towards prevention. With recent campus shootings making headlines with seemingly great frequency, there are many factors to consider in regard to changes made in UA security since 2002. Changes that can answer questions like: How can an attack like this be prevented? If this kind of attack were to happen again, is the UA ready? Before the shooting, Barrera recalled reading a report from a concerned professor regarding the behavior of the gunman during class. “Someone had called and complained about Mr. Flores, I want to say about a year before this, and I remember hearing his name and going ‘I think I took that call,’” Barrera said. “They voiced concerns about how he was behaving and I was prepared to go talk to him and I remember she said, whoever the dean was at the time, ‘We just want to report this right now and we are going to talk to him and deal with this academically,’ and I’m sure for a while it was … until he just spiraled out of control.” Since the shooting 13 years ago, changes were made in how the UA

prepares for and tries to prevent these situations. A report on the shooting led to the implementation of new policies that gave instructors an opportunity to speak out against questionable behavior from students in the classroom. The Disruptive and Threatening Student Behavior Guidelines were put in place after the 2002 shooting, as well as the Campus Emergency Response Team, or CERT, to further enhance the emergency preparation process. Even with the advancements that the UA has made to further prevent tragedies like that in 2002, one thing that has not changed is the importance of community involvement with the authorities — a point UAPD stresses. It’s also now easier, with the progression that technology has made in the past decade, for the public to reach authorities in seconds via social media, Seastone said. Many people believe that it is not their place to step in and tell police that someone or something is stranger than normal. Too many tragedies could have been prevented if certain measures were taken, Barrera said. He stresses that the only way special policies can prevent crime is if people voice their concern to police and speak up. “I would tell people to call us, it doesn’t matter how small or how big, but I want people to call us,” Barrera said. “Crimes are solved by people calling the police, call us … please.” “Our job is to try and get into stuff, to try and go find things, but sometimes it finds you,” he said.

— Follow Lauren Renteria @lauren_renteria


Barber readdresses gun violence BY Christianna Silva The Daily Wildcat

Former Rep. Ron Barber noticed blood from his leg and face pooling by the side of his body. He noticed his friends fighting for life on the ground beside him. They waited 20 long minutes before EMTs were allowed to help them. A Pima Community College student, who, according to the Los Angeles Times, withdrew from the school in October 2010,wounded 14 people that day and killed six, including 9-year-old Christina-Taylor Green and John M. Roll, the chief judge of the U.S. District Court for Arizona. Former Rep. Gabrielle Giffords and her staff began the day expecting to serve Giffords’ district at its first Congress on Your Corner event, but within 10 minutes of the beginning of the event, Jared Lee Loughner took over and changed the memory of Jan. 8, 2011 forever. Loughner targeted Giffords and fired twice, shooting her in the head. He then turned his gun on Barber and the crowd of 20-30 people, ultimately shooting 12 more. “We have irresponsible gun ownership and gun safety,” Barber said, focusing on the idea that changes must be made in order to see a positive effect on society. In 2010, a year before the shooting and in the wake of school shootings such as Virginia Tech, PCC had updated its

Rebecca Noble/The Daily Wildcat

The Downtown Pima Community College campus Tuesday, Sept. 23, 2014. Shooter Jared Laughner attended PCC; since the 2011 shooting, the college has implemented programs aiming to decrease gun violence.

policies for dealing with mentally ill and disturbedstudents. Loughner was suspended from PCC in September of 2010 and, according to The New York Times, the school told him “not to return without a psychologist’s letter certifying that he posed no danger.” There is no evidence that Loughner accessed care. The same month of his suspension, PCC created a task force to identify students who, like Loughner, might pose a threat to themselves or others. PCC has continued to make strides toward decreasing the threat of gun violence.

According to reporting done by KGUN9 in 2011, PCC’s board of governors set up a scholarship program to honor the lives of the victims of the Jan. 8 shooting. However, PCC’s efforts have not produced any decrease in gun violence across the state. According to the Center for American Progress, Arizona is the 11th worst state for gun deaths. The state is 40 percent higher than the national average for gun deaths for every 100,000 people. There is no data to support that any one contribution is at fault. “I don’t think one thing contributes most, other than the fact that we have a

proliferation of guns in our society,” Barber said. Barber said that in order to decrease gun violence across the state and nationwide, legislation needs to be discussed and laws need to be passed. He said that people prescribe to the idea that their communities won’t be at the mercy of gun violence until they are. “We were so deeply affected because we couldn’t believe it could happen,” Barber said. “We came together and it was really indicative of who we were. We will not allow Tucson to be defined by what happened on Jan. 8.” In 2015, there have been more mass shootings than days in the year, according to the Mass Shooting Tracker database. To move forward, Barber said he believes something must change. Barber said that Tucsonans must rally together as a community and demand that their elected officials have the courage to stand up to the gun lobby. “The way the Tucson community responded really was about defining ourselves as compassionate and caring people,” Barber said. “If we had our way, Tucsonans would take the right steps.”

— Follow Christianna Silva @Christianna_j


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State races heat up, see profiles – PAGE 6

Pulitzer prize-winning journalist and UA alumnus Ryan Gabrielson revisits the day of reporting on the 2002 UA College of Nursing shooting


Tuesday, October 29, 2002



Daily Wildcat: What was it like reporting on the shooting in 2011? What were your thoughts and feelings at the time? How did you set aside your feelings while reporting? Barnes: It was very intense. I remember when we found out; I was an assistant news editor at the time and we were having our first meeting of the semester. … Someone got a text message on their phone, and it was [just] me, the other assistant news editor and the editor. … We were locked out of the newsroom and we eventually got inside. It was incredibly emotional because, if you remember, right when the news broke the reports actually [said] that she was dead. I remember we were sitting there having this debate on if she was dead, what do we go with, who do we attribute to and then figuring out where to go to [from there] … As a student, you’re not dealing with things on that emotional level when you’re reporting. You’re just not covering anything remotely that tragic. You might cover things where people are angry, but you’re not covering things that are life or death or people in any sort of great suffering at all. It was the first time [that] many of us had experienced covering something like that … I remember just sitting in the newsroom and staring at the headline [saying] that she died and thinking about what that meant and what was going to happen, and then the moment we found out that wasn’t true … It was kind of just an emotional roller coaster that first hour.


Timeline of Events

Nowadays images of the shooter pop up all over social media. Some people think that publishing the shooter’s name and their photos glamorizes them and what they’ve done. What do you think about that? I think our job is to tell people what happened, who did what to whom and how. Does it give a certain amount of notoriety? I mean, I guess, yeah, I can’t say that it doesn’t. But these people are almost always already dead, and we can’t abdicate our responsibility to bear witness in full detail of what occurred. We can’t just start like saying, “Oh, we’re going to not tell the full truth that we know what happened.” When there was the murder of a former TV reporter who went during a live broadcast and killed his former colleagues—you know, that went on loop. What do you do? How do you convince people in the midst of something like that to not just keep airing something that’s so horrible and newsworthy? … I’m trying not to sound so, you know, kind of curmudgeony about it, but when you talk about glamorizing, what you’re talking about really is putting someone’s face and name on repeat on cable news, and that has really nothing to do with fully reporting out what happened. It’s a different thing. Putting something on just repeat, yeah, that elevates somebody’s persona. But just reporting what happened, … we have a commitment to tell the full story. What are your thoughts about news outlets publishing manifestos, like what the Star did with the UA student’s manifesto? I mean, it’s news. Understanding what these people think that they’re doing gives us insight. … We haven’t gotten any better at spotting the threats and neutralizing them. We’re barely beyond the point of doing mental illness as, you know, some sort of character flaw. I don’t see how you can choose not to cover something that sheds the light into what line of thought lead to such horror. We can’t pretend that these things don’t exist. … I actually thought the Star handled it, you know? They covered it really exhaustively and with as much sensitivity as humanly possible. At the end of the day, though, our responsibility is to the public, to the audience, to the readers, to the viewers, to whoever’s going to consume our stories, to give them everything that’s relevant to what happened, and I just don’t see how you can not cover [it]. … Now, if you’re trying to piece together a bunch of desperate social media postings. … Now we have the mindset that we always have to find the record of what in their head led them to do this and whether the record online is sufficient to actually achieve that is on a case-bycase basis. How has being a family man affected the way you would report on a mass school shooting today? I always had mentors who showed me how to be a human being while being a reporter, and so being a father—I mean, you’re raising kids in this world—it certainly helps to fuel passion to expose wrongs, because I want to do everything I can to help improve the world that they’re coming up into. But in terms of this type of thing, you know, you don’t have to have a family to try to make sure you’re a human being. Now this doesn’t mean not doing the interviews. It means, the way you approach people. … Always be a human being

8:35 a.m. Flores arrives at a fourthfloor classroom and kills Barbara Monroe and Cheryl McGaffic, both assistant professors of nursing. He releases the students and commits suicide shortly thereafter.

What are your thoughts on media coverage of these mass shootings? I think it’s interesting because there’s a real debate about how do we cover these incidents, especially because they’re happening all the time now. So you have … sometimes really incredible coverage on a local level of who the victims were and how the community is affected and how these things came to happen, too. But then there’s the huge debate right now, too, about how much attention do you give to the shooter. … People are really torn. We want to know the details of how this happened and who these people are, but you don’t want to glorify them. Especially because there’s this feeling that a lot of people do this because they want their face in the paper. They want to be infamous. ... [News outlets] think about playing into exactly what somebody wanted [when that person] did something despicable. … I think that’s something that newspapers are still wrestling with. There was a lot of really interesting debate about the shootings recently, of the broadcast journalist, because there were just horrifying indications that [the shooter] wanted that to be known. He was tweeting about it. … I don’t think people How did reporting on that shooting shape you have figured out the balance yet, and I think that’s something we have to grapple with. as a journalist? Right when the shooting had happened, I had just been thinking about applying to the master’s What are your thoughts about news outlets program at the [UA] because I had been working publishing manifestos like what the [Arizona at the student paper, and it was something I did Daily] Star did with the [2002 UA shooter’s] just as a hobby. I was in the creative writing pro- manifesto? I think it’s a really tough question on what to gram and I kept saying to my boyfriend at the time, “Oh you know, I’m just gonna be a little bit more do with that type of information. Particularly beinvolved, but it’s not ever going to be a thing.” Right cause if someone’s leaving a manifesto, they’re around then, I started feeling like, “I have to be a leaving it because they want you to publish it. They journalist. I don’t ever want to stop doing this.” I want that to be out there, which puts news media had just kind of made the decision. I wasn’t 100 in this very weird situation of being kind of compercent certain of it, and then this happened and plicit in somebody’s elaborate plot … At the same we just jumped right into the story because it was time, our job is to relay information, and I think so important. There was such a desperate need for our instinct is to not censor things and to give evinformation … I was just overwhelmingly aware erybody that information. … It’s weird for journalof how important the job is because when you’re ists to be put in a position where you’re limiting reporting on a tragedy … people just really want information. … People turn to journalists to help information … not just to feel less scared, but as them distill and synthesize information and what

See SHOOTING, Page 8 SAUL LOEB/Arizona Daily Wildcat

8:37 a.m. A student in an adjacent classroom calls 911. 8:40 a.m. UA police officers arrive at the College of Nursing. 8:46 a.m. 33 TPD officers training at Himmel Park respond. 8:54 a.m. Flores is confirmed dead on the fourth floor. — Compiled by Ryan Gabrielson

Students and faculty gather near the scene of a shooting that left four people dead yesterday morning in the College of Nursing. The gunman, a struggling nursing student, shot and killed three professors before turning the gun on himself.

Speedway divides university reaction


Staff Writers

When gunshots rang out in Jerrica Wesley’s ears, she took off running from the CatTran shuttle stop near the Arizona Health Sciences Center. She ran to class rather than waiting for the shuttle. “I was hella scared,” said Wesley, a biology freshman. “I have never been so close to gunfire before.” Wesley, a resident of Babcock Inn Residence Hall, 1717 E. Speedway Blvd., said she was too scared to return to her room later yesterday morning. Wesley and others who live, work and attend class

UMC Parking Garage East


College of Pharmacy

College of Nursing

Mabel St.

north of East Speedway Boulevard spent much of the day mourning the loss of three professors who were killed by a suicidal gunman yesterday Helen St. morning. But on the main campus south of Speedway, the mood was more subdued as the news slowly permeated the UA. At the “Swede” Johnson building and other areas north of East Speedway Parking Boulevard, students and workers spent much of the day pooling together as

Zone 1 Parking

Visitor Parking

Babcock Dorms

Palm Shadows Apts.

Speedway Blvd.


B-ball ticket sales incite mob BY RYAN JOHNSON

Staff Writer

Basketball ticket sales were delayed yesterday after a riot team of 16 police officers broke up an uncontrolled crowd of over 2,000 people who were pushing and shoving from all directions to get to the ticket booth. The ticket office had been giving out vouchers informing people when they could return to buy tickets for over an hour before police finally intervened. Originally, the ticket office planned to start giving out line vouchers at 7 a.m., but after crowds broke police tape, security guards

entered the ticket office to hand out vouchers, leaving no crowd control. “People were screaming. Your pelvis was against the wall. If you took your feet off the ground you were still standing. I wanted to call 911,” said Kate Denevi, an undeclared sophomore. At 5 a.m., security guards began setting up temporary barriers. By 5:20 a.m., the crowd had crossed the police tape, and the ensuing rush toppled the barriers. The line had no apparent order and each side of the crowd was pushing. At 5:30 a.m., the ticket office opened up one-third of the booths, and the

crowd mashed inward to get vouchers. Steam emanated from the crowd as people clamored for position. Once people received their tickets, they had difficulty getting out of the crowd. Most resorted to crowd-surfing their way out of the mob, and as each person left, people rushed to fill the hole. Women shrieked in pain and others pleaded for everyone to get back. “Someone’s under there. Move back,” one person yelled out. Though paramedics reported no serious injuries, several people

CHRIS CODUTO/Special to the Arizona Daily Wildcat

A student crowd-surfs over a swarm of 2,000 outside the McKale Center ticket office yesterday. A riot team of 16 officers was called in to disperse the crowd.

See MOB, Page 10

at the same time you’re a reporter. In covering the UA shooting, it helped that we were all students. I mean, I’m not saying that other reporters who were [from] The Arizona Republic and the Daily Star and stuff didn’t do great work that day—they did. But I think we were able to get a lot of important details about exactly step-by-step how the thing unfolded because we were students talking to students. What is the media’s responsibility to the public in reporting on mass shootings? As I was saying earlier ... we’re trying to fill the void up with actual hard information, which we fail at all the time. Sometimes for very understandable reasons—when you’re rushing to try to figure something out, ... we assume that because law enforcement has told us something that they actually know it, but they’re human beings, too. And they’re responding to the same sort of circumstances as the reporters are. So they get a lot of stuff wrong. And then we’re reporting things that come from all sorts of places. … We’re so desperate to just fill the void that we forget that our job is to not just fill the void, but fill it with something that people can actually hold onto, that we have checked that we’re not just getting from one good law enforcement source inside, who may be operating on good faith but is just wrong. Because in the fog of war, so to speak, when things are playing out in real time … there’s no such thing as instant analysis. … We have to check what is actual fact and what is assumption or misunderstanding. … Oftentimes our initial sources on these types of stories are not the actual witnesses. … Our responsibility is to actually give people something real, something true we have checked. … We need to come to terms that it’s okay to say we don’t know. … It’s our job to pause and test that information before we put it out. We embarrass ourselves time and time again on these stories because we’re trying to fill the void without remembering that that’s not the actual job.

Las Vegas Review-Journal reporter and UA alumna Bethany Barnes opened up on her experience covering the 2011 Congress on Your Corner shooting

a form of catharsis to really feel and add meaning to the moment, and journalists provide that. To be a part of that is important, and I felt like that was something I wanted to be able to do, especially because I felt like I had the ability to go and seek out what people wanted to know, even if it was gruesome, or scary, or painful because people need that information.

Staff Writer

A nursing student, allegedly distraught over failing grades, methodically killed three of his professors and then himself yesterday morning, marking one of the bloodiest days in UA history. At about 8:30 a.m., while most students in the College of Nursing were taking midterms, Robert Stewart Flores Jr., a thirdsemester nursing student, entered the second-floor office of Robin Rogers, an assistant professor of nursing, and shot her multiple times, killing her, Tucson Police Assistant Chief Robert Lehner said. She was 50. Flores, 41, then moved up to the fourth floor, where a class was 40 minutes into an exam. Gena Johnson, a fourth-semester nursing student, said that he looked calm and “clean-shaven,” with his backpack slung over his shoulder and the gun in his hand aimed at the second victim, Cheryl McGaffic, another assistant professor of nursing. Some of the professors and students in the College of Nursing were wearing Halloween costumes. “When I saw him at first I thought it was some kind of joke. But

About 8:30 a.m. Robert Stewart Flores Jr. enters the College of Nursing with five guns, proceeds to the secondfloor office of Assistant Nursing Professor Robin Rogers and kills her.

he had convinced himself that had wronged him no matter how completely baseless that is. … It wasn’t racking up a body count. A lot of the more recent [shootings], … they’re just senseless. The UA murders were senseless, but now they’ve really kind of spiraled and some of them are taking cues from the UA shooter, where he sent out his manifesto to the Arizona Daily Star and a day or so after the murders, we got to see the inside of his brain. And now that’s kind of more routine, either through actual intentional sort of delivery of those types of manifestos, or we just compile it together from people’s social media accounts.

Q& A

University of Arizona, Tucson

Campbell Ave

This was 13 years ago. How has media coverage of mass school shootings changed since then It’s very dramatic in one regard because newspapers used to dominate Not only the breaking news part of it, but providing the full package of what happened and how people felt about it ... Really exhaustive coverage that newspapers used to have the resources to do where … a huge share of a newsroom would be committed to figuring out how an atrocity could happen. That doesn’t happen the same way anymore because newspapers just don’t have the body. They don’t have nearly as many people with experience covering things in this way. And they still do good stuff … but in terms of the depth of the coverage that comes in the hours and the days after the event, my observation is that it’s nowhere near as good as it used to be. Television dictates a lot more of our general understanding of what’s transpired, and they don’t have newspaper reporters to lean on for context. … I would just say it’s been more shallow. That doesn’t mean journalism is going to be doomed, but it does mean that right now we are in a place where we’re hurting; … the coverage is a lot more reactionary. It goes so quickly to just the same old, pre-conceived narrative, which kind of always happened to some extent, but really happens now where … there’s a shooting, … let’s just discuss gun control legislation. You know? Which is not that that shouldn’t happen, but it’s like we don’t take the time to figure out really what happened to these people and how and dive in the way we all used to. I remember after the UAshooting, The Chronicle of Higher [Education] a few months later went in and just did a gorgeous, I mean heart-breaking piece just going step-by-step in amazing detail on what happened that day, and so few outlets, especially a national outlet like that, come in to the UA and commit the resources to do that. This has also become a lot more common. … They’ve become much more vicious. … The shooter at the UA—I forget his name—I mean he [was] a murderer. He was sort of more of an older model, where it was very personal, very directed at three professors who

Vol. 96 Issue 46

Student kills 3 profs, self

The Daily Wildcat

How did reporting on that shooting shape you as a journalist? It was definitely traumatic. I don’t plan too far ahead in terms of what I want to cover because news will dictate for you, the real world will dictate you what needs to be covered most of the time. I do investigative reporting, which gives me the luxury of spending months and months, occasionally more than a year, to really dig into something. … My priorities are so often driven by like something has happened in the world, and it doesn’t appear that anyone’s explaining it or anyone’s getting to it. … It was a learning experience pretty early, obviously, in my career that major events will drive your priorities. And never get too comfortable, never plan too far ahead, because the real world will come in and shatter everything.


Neighbors call killer ‘nice guy’; students, Emergency diverts UMC patients, delays faculty label him ‘strange’ — PAGE 8 traffic, overloads servers — PAGE 9


Daily Wildcat: What was it like reporting on the UA shooting in 2002? What were your feelings and thoughts at the time? How did you set aside your feelings while reporting? Gabrielson: Well, I think what’s true of all reporting on breaking news of that nature is the scramble to get a sense of what is happening or what has happened. [It] is so overwhelming that you’re not thinking about your reaction to it because you’re trying to figure out what in the world just happened and to synthesize that information as quickly as possible to tell whatever community you serve, whatever readership you serve. This was forever ago—it was 2002— but you know, we were still trying to post stories immediately online. That makes it a lot easier in the sense of how you’re responding to the fact that something has just happened to your community. You can’t really think about it until the end of the day, because you’re too busy to consider how you feel about whatever’s going on. You’re just trying to figure out what happened and get as much detail as possible and find the people who were very directly affected by it.

The Daily Wildcat • 3

1_8_9 10/29/02 1:18 AM Page 1

Warren Ave

Q& A

News • October 28-29, 2015

— Follow Meghan Fernandez @MeghanFernandez

It’s not all political

Arizona’s mental-health system failures lost amidst violent rhetoric. PERSPECTIVES, 4

UA receives good news

Star wideout decides to forego the NFL Draft for senior season. SPORTS, 17


wednesday, january , 

tucson, arizona


Obama to mourn with UA

Campus prepares for presidential address By Alexander Vega ARIZONA DAILY WILDCAT

UA students attending President Barack Obama’s speech tonight can expect stringent security at the McKale Center, said Secret Service spokesman Christina Veloud. Attendees can expect to “undergo screening as if they were boarding a plane,” Veloud said. Every site Obama attends has similar screenings. “Use common sense in the screening process,” said Veloud. “Don’t bring anything that could be construed as a weapon.” Students interested in attending can help themselves by bringing less to get through screening quicker. “People who bring only keys, ID, and any medication they’re taking will get through much quicker

we’re telling people; we’re naturally drawing attention to it. So, I think I tend to lean toward [that] you report on the manifesto—[they’re] documents that you can use to inform your reporting Giffords’ condition heartening Families cope after as you cover it. Putting it on a website or putting shooting it out there just makes me kind of uncomfortable. I think you have to handle it case by case. … To what extent, then, does it become giving him a platform? I think that’s the question—that it’s kind of a dangerous line there. Journalists should certainly have access to that information as they piece together what happened and why it hapClasses delayed; year-end date unaffected pened because it’s certainly a useful reporting tool. … I think it’s a tough call … I mean, that’s the thing that’s getting more and more debated now: Today … What do we do with these things that people Get ‘Wicked’ leave behind, and what are we drawing attention to? But also what are we giving public access to—because journalists always want the public off where peoworld now to have access. But then it’s uncomfortable when are changed. We live in a20% with student ID their bags checked. you have people knowing journalists always want ple go to the movies and have only at 1400 N Stone Ave [The Colorado movie theater shooting] was just people to have access and using that. stunning in the sense that I don’t think people What is the media’s responsibility to the public ever really thought about [a shooting] happening in a movie theater. I mean, it’s changed the in reporting on these mass shootings? I think journalists have several roles in reporting physical spaces we’ve lived in. I remember when on mass shootings, but it’s sort of a layered process. Columbine happened, I was in elementary school There’s the immediate role, especially for the local and then I was terrified of the idea of going to high reporters that are there when it happens, to get the school. Mass shooting coverage is incredibly iminformation out to people as quickly as possible. portant right now because these things keep hapYou want to know that there’s a responsibility to pening and we’re having to adapt daily parts of our figure out who is affected to tell those stories, but lives, normal things that we do, because they’re the big thing I think that everyone’s grappling with happening in these regular spaces. If you look now is digging into why these [shootings] happen at the Giffords shooting, it [was] a political event and looking at the factors there. Looking at gun ac- outside of a Safeway. There was a lot of debate afcessibility, what lawmakers are debating on and ter that [about] how much interaction can politiwhat they feel are contributing factors, looking at cians have with the public. But they’re elected ofif mental health is a factor. Journalists have a job ficials. They want to be out there shaking people’s in the immediate moment to provide coverage hands and getting to know their community. They so that people can know what’s going on … But don’t want to be scared of their community. What also, the interesting thing, looking at journalists’ do you do with that? And that’s where journalists jobs with mass shootings, [is] now is we’re see- come in. They go in and they ask those questions ing a trend, we’re seeing more and more of them. and they can make these connections that other There’s a lot of really great reporters now digging people in their roles can’t. A journalist can come in into America’s relationship with guns and they’re and they can interview law enforcement, they can doing a lot of great work looking at, “where are interview policymakers, they can interview the these happening, what are the patterns and what victims and they can [file Freedom of Information are people doing about it?” Because there’s more Act] requests that get data so we can actually start shootings now. It’s journalists’ job to dig into the to connect some dots, and I think that’s what repolicies and factors that affect our lives, in many porters need to be doing and that’s what a lot of reways, and mass shootings are certainly something porters are doing. that affect our lives on a very catastrophic level. These things happen and an entire community — Follow Meghan Fernandez grieves—multiple people are affected and things @MeghanFernandez Mike Christy/Arizona Daily Wildcat

SECURITY, page 2

A candlelight vigil was held outside the offices of U.S. Rep. Gabrielle Giffords, who was shot in the head during a political event at a grocery store in Tucson on Saturday. Giffords remains in critical condition, and six others, including federal Judge John Roll and a 9-year-old girl, died after 22-year-old Jared Loughner opened fire at a “Congress on Your Corner” event.


Six patients remain at University Medical Center, with three in serious condition, two in fair condition and Rep. Gabrielle Giffords in critical condition. “I’m happy to say she’s holding her own,” said Dr. Michael Lemole, chief of neurosurgery at University Medical Center. “Her status is the same as it was yesterday; she’s still following those simple commands. We’ve been able to back off on some of that sedation. In fact, she is able to generate her own breaths.” The only reason she is being kept on the ventilator is to protect her from complications, according to Lemole. “We have to play this, really, according to her timeline, not ours,” Lemole said. “She’s going to take her recovery at her own

pace, and I’m very encouraged by the fact that she has done so well.” The rates of survival and recovery for Giffords’ type of injury are “abysmal,” Lemole said. “She has no right to look as she does,” he said. Dr. Peter Rhee, medical director of UMC’s trauma and critical care and professor of surgery at UA’s College of Medicine’s Department of Surgery, said the “resources of the entire military have been made available to us,” because of Giffords’ husband’s connections as an astronaut and as active duty Navy personnel. Rhee asked for assistance from neurointensivist Col. Geoffrey Ling, interim chair of neurology at Uniformed Services University of Health Sciences, and James Ecklund, retired Army colonel and medical director of neurosciences for Inova Health System and chairman of


In light of the weekend’s events and President Barack Obama’s visit to the UA campus, all classes have been cancelled for today. The change will not push Wednesday classes to Thursday, nor will it add a day to the semester. UA President Robert Shelton said that changes

INSIDE Opinions: Police Beat: Odds & Ends: Classifieds: Comics, Puzzles: Sports:


Valentina Martinelli/Arizona Daily Wildcat

Tucson residents gather in front of University Medical Center to place candles and signs on Monday for the victims of the shooting spree during Rep. Gabrielle Giffords’ community-outreach event.

the department of neurosciences at Inova Fairfax Hospital. “Everything we’ve seen reflects the highest quality of care,” Ecklund said. Ecklund also mentioned

in classes will be handled on a case-by-case basis, with each professor and instructor working with his or her lesson plans to compensate for the loss of Wednesday’s class time. Cancelling classes will limit the “to-ing and fro-ing” around campus to allow for less foot traffic not involved with Wednesday night’s event, according to Shelton. For classes with Monday-Wednesday or Wednesday-only meeting times, this means


4-5 6 13 14-15 16 20

Susan Hileman had been looking for an event to share with 9-year-old family friend Christina Green. What was supposed to be a meet and greet with Rep. Gabrielle Giffords seemed like the perfect choice, husband Bill Hileman said. The two were holding hands in line when the shooting took place, according to Bill Hileman. Both Susan Hileman and Green were shot at the event on Saturday and transported to University Medical Center. Green was pronounced dead on arrival, and Susan Hileman is still a patient at UMC. Bill Hileman received a call from an anonymous woman on the scene informing him the two had been “in an accident.” The very first thing Susan Hileman asked her husband was, “What happened to Christina?” He decided the best thing to do was to tell her the truth. One of the first people Bill Hileman met upon arriving at the emergency room was a minister who had wandered in off the street to help comfort people. “That’s my Tucson,” Bill

See a slideshow of the crime scene and candlelight vigil for Rep. Gabrielle Giffords and the other shooting victims at DailyWildcat.com

that the care from UMC saved Giffords’ life. Ling stressed the severity of Giffords’ injury but said it is promising that she is “thriving” under the care at UMC.

that the first week of the school year will be lost for student-instructor interaction. Beth Acree, university registrar, had no recollection as to whether a full day of classes has ever been cancelled before at the UA or under these circumstances. With confirmation from the UA Provost’s Office, Acree said “this delay of the start of classes will not change any of our published dates or deadlines.”

VICTIMS, page 2



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4 • The Daily Wildcat


People with guns kill people BY APOORVA BHASKARA


The Daily Wildcat

here’s a popular saying: “Guns don’t kill people, people kill people.” That may be so, but if a person wants to kill other people, giving them a gun sure makes it a hell of a lot easier. Mass shooting incidents in the past few years have skyrocketed. Recent studies show that the number of gun-related deaths in the U.S. in the last 26 years exceeds the number of U.S. military deaths since 1776. Let me rephrase that. More Americans have died from guns since after Ronald Reagan was president in 1989 than all of the American soldiers in all wars since we became a country. There have been almost 300 mass shootings just this year. We have become numb to this. We seem to accept the shootings as just a tragedy that occurs—like illness or natural disasters. Wake up America, there is nothing natural about gun deaths. Some Americans are so held up on the idea that owning a gun is one of their most unalienable rights that they are blatantly ignoring the hundreds of mass shootings each year, the victims of which have lost their rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness when someone decided to take their second amendment rights too far. A few weeks ago at our fellow Arizona school, a Northern Arizona University student shot four other students after an argument, killing one and injuring the other three. While guns are not allowed on campus, they are allowed to be kept in cars parked on campus. Why is this necessary? Why do students and teachers and non-law enforcement need their guns so close to them—at a school? This tragedy may not have even occurred if the policy had been different. Just a week before the NAU shooting, a shooter in Oregon killed nine and injured nine at Umpqua Community College before turning the gun on himself. President Obama made a speech addressing the shooting shortly thereafter, stating, “What’s become routine, of course, is the response of those who oppose any kind of commonsense gun legislation. Right now, I can imagine the press releases being cranked out: We need more guns, they’ll argue. Fewer gun safety laws.” How is it that after a shooter at Sandy Hook Elementary School killed 20 young children, so many still fought against change? How is it that after the shootings in Columbine, Virginia Tech, Tucson, Aurora, Charleston, Newton, and the list goes on for pages, people still oppose stricter gun laws? How many more have to die before they realize that we can, in fact, do something about it? “When Americans are killed in mine disasters, we work to make mines safer,” President Obama argued in his speech, “When Americans are killed in floods and hurricanes, we make communities safer. When roads are unsafe, we fix them to reduce auto fatalities. We have seatbelt laws because we know it saves lives. So the notion that gun violence is somehow different, that our freedom and our Constitution prohibits any modest regulation of how we use a deadly weapon, when there are law-abiding gun owners all across the country who could hunt and protect their families and do everything they do under such regulations, doesn’t make sense.” I am not pushing for the complete eradication of privately owned firearms, but the regulations need to be stronger. It has been shown that states that have stricter gun policies have fewer deaths. Isn’t that amazing? Somehow they have been able to let people own guns and have reduced the fatalities that could follow. Measures such as universal background checks, banning assault weapons, regulating sales by gun dealers, keeping people from buying guns in bulk and limiting known criminals and public offenders from obtaining firearms really goes a long way into ensuring those with guns are responsible. In addition, having laws that prohibit concealed weapons without a permit and limit the public areas in which guns can be carried can protect us from this violence. Many mass shootings and gunrelated homicides are committed with legally acquired firearms. So, yes, guns do not kill people, people kill people, but we’re giving those people the guns and the opportunities to do it.

— Follow Apoorva Bhaskara @apoorvabhaskara

October 28-29, 2015 • News

16 years and counting This country has been heavily impacted by gun violence since the Columbine shooting in 1999, impacting more students each year Columbine High School in Littleton, Colorado April 20, 1999 (13 deaths)

University of Arizona Oct. 29, 2002 Tucson, Arizona (3 deaths excluding shooter)



Red Lake Senior High School Red Lake, Minnesota March 21, 2005 (9 deaths)

Virginia Tech Oikos University Blacksburg, Virginia Oakland, California April 16, 2007 April 2, 2012 (32 deaths) (7 deaths)




Sandy Hook Elementary School Newtown, Connecticut Dec. 14, 2012 (27 deaths)

University of Calif. Santa Barbara Isla Vista, California May 23, 2014 (3 students dead, plus 6 others killed off campus)



Umpqua Community College Roseburg, Oregon Oct. 1 2015 (9 deaths)


Others: West Nickel Mines Amish School Lancaster, Pennsylvania. Oct. 3, 2006 (5 deaths) Northern Illinois University DeKalb, Illinois. Feb. 14, 2008 (5 deaths) University of Alabama Huntsville Huntsville, Alabama. Feb. 12, 2010 (3 deaths) Chardon High School Chardon, Ohio. Feb. 27, 2012 (3 deaths) Hazard Community and Technical College Hazard, Kentucky. Jan. 15, 2013 (3 deaths) Santa Monica College Santa Monica, California. June 7, 2013 (5 deaths)


Shooters: parents’ perspective BY GABRIELLA VUKELIC The Daily Wildcat

In light of the everincreasing frequency of school shootings, parents of UA students share their opinions on university procedure, past school shootings and their reactions to the possibility of a shooter on the UA campus. Nell McDonald, the aunt of journalism junior Michael Evan, lived close to Columbine during the 1999 school shootings. McDonald discussed her opinion on safety for college students and her personal experience with school shootings. At the time, McDonald’s two children, who she declined to name, were in a middle school and high school near the Columbine campus. She said the middle school went on lockdown once word spread about the shooting. Once on lockdown, the school would not release children until administration was sure that the area was safe—causing parents to panic. “I was calling a thousand times because I just wanted to hear my child’s voice,” McDonald said. “I was so scared, and I wasn’t able to pick up my kid.” McDonald said her eldest child in high school was released and able to come home because the school was farther away from the crime scene. To her, Columbine was an eye opener and has taught her to not live in fear, but rather in trust. She said a situation like this can happen anywhere and at any time. She views it as a learning experience, but added that people cannot be afraid to live their lives. After the Columbine


JERIE SCHULZ, mother of two university students, right, embraces her son, Tim, after his day at school on the UA campus Wednesday, Oct. 21. The thought of her sons falling victim to a school shooting is a frightening thought for Schulz and other parents alike.

massacre, McDonald said she educated her children on what to do if the situation were to ever happen in their school. She said she wanted them to know what to do and who to call. “Communication is first. Parents are going to call you just to hear your voice and make sure you’re OK,” McDonald said. “My first response would be to get a hold of Michael, and once I know he’s OK, I would hope the school closed down for a day or two and maybe seek counseling for students who need extra help recovering from that scary situation.” According to UA Safety Information and Procedures, the university’s response to an active shooter on campus is to quickly determine the most reasonable way to protect a person’s life. Students, employees and visitors should follow the directions of instructors, supervisors

and administrators during an active shooter situation. Students and faculty are told to evacuate, hide or take action. The University of Arizona Police Department suggests calling 911 only after it is safe to do so, and to state the location of the active shooter, the number of shooters, a physical description of the shooter, the number or type of weapons possessed by the shooter and the number of potential victims at the incident scene. Talia Stone, a public health sophomore, is the youngest and the first of her siblings to go away for college. Her father, Scott Stone, said it was a different experience for him and his wife. He thought it was challenging when she left for school, but the family got used to the change. Stone explained what his reaction would be if there were to ever be a school shooting at

the UA. Upon word of a shooting at the UA, Stone said his immediate reaction would be to jump in his car and pick up his daughter. He said he also believes that after such an event, the university should close down for a day or two to give students and faculty time to calm down and be less distracted on the matter. “It should be a requirement for students on a larger scale to seek counseling if a shooting were to ever happen at the university,” Stone said. “It could give them a place to talk and be less frightened. It definitely makes me frustrated and scared at times that something like this could happen.” According to Stone, if his daughter requested to come home for a few days, he would allow her to. However, he said he would not be the one to suggest it,

as he is worried that it may lead to an increased fear of returning to school. Stone suggested an increase in security could not hurt the situation and would only make students, staff and parents feel safer. Stone added that education around the event of a school shooting would benefit students. “I don’t think the campus should become gated if something like this were to happen—it’s not necessary if there was an increase in security,” Stone said. “However, students should absolutely be more educated on how to react with an active shooter on campus.”

— Follow Gabriella Vukelic @gabalicious_24


NAU tragic, school shooting or not BY HAILEY DICKSON The Daily Wildcat


he gun violence debate was driven home Oct. 9 for Arizona natives. At 1:20 a.m. outside Mountain View Hall on Northern Arizona University campus, Steven Jones, an 18-year-old freshman, shot four of his classmates, severely injuring three and killing the fourth. At the time of the shooting, U.S. media was already abuzz with debates about gun violence in the aftermath of the Umpqua Community College shooting. Just a week before the NAU tragedy, a gunman murdered eight students and a professor on the Oregon campus. Sadly, the sequence of these two shootings occurring so closely to one another was no surprise. In a country where nearly 300 public shootings have occurred just this year—that’s

more than one every day involving four or more people—it seemed like only a matter of time until tragedy would knock on Arizona’s door. The UA and other Arizona colleges quickly and rightfully showed their solidarity with the shooting victims and the saddened NAU student body in light of the news. Amid the empathy, however, conversations began to arise about the details of the shooting itself. Most notably, critics on social media and later on larger media outlets questioned the tragedy’s status as a school shooting, pointing out features of the event that don’t align with the normal conditions of a school shooting. They noted that the students were killed on the outskirts of campus, that the shooting was not random or premeditated and that the shooter was provoked by an altercation with the victims. Isn’t it sad Americans have even established these stipulations? Isn’t it sad that school shootings are so common that we now get to determine what is and is not a

deadly combination of young school tragedy based on a set of men, alcohol, 1 a.m. arguments arbitrary standards? It doesn’t matter if the shooting and a gun. When the three former factors are fundamentally happened in a classroom or woven into college outside a party, culture, we must do during a lecture What everything we can or after a fight. matters is to keep the fourth What matters is that an 18-yearthat an 18-year- variable out of our campus’s equation. old had a gun old had a gun According to in his car on a in his car on a Nicholas Kristof of college campus the New York Times, and used it to kill college campus someone. and used it to kill “Since 1970, more Americans have We don’t someone.” died from guns than need to make died in all U.S. wars a distinction going back to the between American Revolution.” With so everyday gun violence and many preventable deaths on campus shootings. Sure, some the table, dividing our debates details of the NAU shooting into campus violence against may be more reminiscent of suicides against accidents against an argument gone horribly lethal arguments against mass awry than other mass campus shootings is a waste of time and shootings. However, the public resources. Let’s focus less on the needn’t divide its focus: the NAU semantics of gun violence and shooting certainly must be a part more on finding unified solutions of the campus gun debate, and the campus gun debate must be a to combat all the heads of the same monster. vital component of discourse on U.S. gun violence as a whole. Unfortunately, a huge amount — Follow Hailey Dickson of public shootings involve the @hailelujah

The Daily Wildcat • 5

News • October 28-29, 2015


Suggestions for survival UAPD’s Sergeant Fil Barrera explains what students, faculty and persons can do when there is an active shooter on campus. BY ELISABETH MORALES The Daily Wildcat

As shootings around the U.S. become more and more frequent, students find themselves wondering what exactly they would do if put in a situation involving an active shooter. According to data compiled by the anti-firearm organization , Everytown for Gun Safety , there have been more than 50 school shootings in 2015 alone. With these high numbers, it is no wonder students have to be as prepared as possible for an emergency. Sgt. Fil Barrera, University of Arizona Police Department’s Public Information Officer and Crime Prevention unit officer , said throughout the year, his department puts on presentations at least two to three times a month. Specifically, the presentations prepare students and faculty for situations involving an active shooter. The department has even been out to the College of Medicine–Phoenix twice for these presentations. Anyone can request the free presentation by simply calling Barrera’s office and requesting one. Only a computer, a large screen and speakers are necessary. “Unfortunately in these times we’re in, we have to think about these things. But we want to make sure people are prepared, because if we prepare for these situations we have a better chance for the best outcome we can hope for,” Barrera said. The presentations cover a range of strategies. First, if found in a situation where there is an active shooter, the first priority is to get everyone in the building out and as far away as possible. They emphasize the importance


JORDAN SMITH, a pre-business sophomore, reads over the “What do if there’s an active shooter” section on the UA website Friday, Oct. 23. UAPD and the university have outlined a plan for what students should do when there is an active shooter on campus.

of escape routes and knowing the building and surroundings well. Another important piece of information they want students and faculty to be aware of is the difference between calling UAPD on a cell phone versus a campus landline. “Every single phone that is a landline on campus goes directly to UAPD, and that’s very important—just for the fact that if you call from your cell phone it will go straight to Tucson Police Department’s dispatch and then they transfer you to UAPD,”

Barrera said. He also urges the importance of being as detailed as possible when calling 911 . The more UAPD knows regarding the shooter, location and any other details, the more prepared they can be when responding. Lastly, the presentations address the possibility of having to barricade oneself in a room and how to do so, as well as the possibility of confronting the shooter. UAPD explains the presentations are meant to make people think about this in


Dilligence is not just for the police BY MICHELLE JAQUETTE The Daily Wildcat

UA officials have set up protocol for reporting threats, which faculty members and sometimes police have the task of investigating and evaluating. Evaluating the level of a threat can be complex, but the task set forth to the UA student is simple: report threats and the behavior of those who may pose a threat to themselves or others. If there is a real sense of danger and a student shows signs that they plan to harm themselves or others in the near future, call 911 immediately. “The police are happy to intervene, even if it’s a false alarm. They would much rather be alerted and prevent a disaster,” Dr. Marian Binder, staff psychologist and director of Counseling and Psych Services, said . However, if a student is not an imminent threat but acts or speaks in a way that gives rise to concern, like being in an unhealthy mental state that could potentially put the safety of themselves or others at risk, report this to the Dean of Students Office . Students can fill out the Online Referral Form on the Dean of Students Office’s website or call their office directly. “If it’s a situation where you’re kind of worried about somebody—you don’t really know for sure, you don’t know if it’s an issue or what it means—then the Dean of Students [Office] would be the first line of reporting,” Binder said. When talking to a student or friend who seems troubled, recommending that they visit the campus Counseling and Psych Services could be a good idea, Binder said. At CAPS, students can receive free counseling and brief therapy. Students looking to help a friend are also welcome to call CAPS to receive consultation on how to handle the situation. Counseling is not a punitive measure and is never forced on a student. However, “the dean has the option to do what’s called a mandated administrative referral, which is a one-time mandated visit to CAPS so that we can access your safety and try to determine—do you pose a risk to yourself or not?” Binder said. Binder stated that those referrals are only given when a person’s safety is at risk. When concerning behavior is brought to the attention of the Dean of Students Office, different teams may be called to assess the situation and develop intervention plans. One such team, the Behavior Intervention Team , consists of trained professionals from CAPS, the University of Arizona Police Department, Residence Life and

1. EVACUATE  Have an escape route and plan in mind  Leave your belongings behind (take keys and phones only if it doesn’t delay your escape)  Keep your hands visible 2. HIDE  Hide in an area out of the active shooter’s view  Block entry to your hiding place and lock the doors if possible 3. TAKE ACTION  As a last resort and only when your life is in danger  Attempt to incapacitate the active shooter  Act with physical aggression and throw items at the active shooter


— Follow Michele Jaquette @MichelleJaquet

— Follow Elisabeth Morales @DailyWildcat

WHEN AN ACTIVE SHOOTER IS IN YOUR VICINITY Quickly determine the most reasonable way to protect your own life. Students, employees and visitors are likely to follow the directions of Instructors, Supervisors and Administrators during an active shooter situation.

Student Accountability. “Most of the individual cases that rise to the BIT level involve mental health, self-harm, [and] suicide ideation,” Christina Lieberman , associate dean of students and BIT chair , wrote in an email. Another team, the Threat Assessment and Management Team , is tasked with determining whether an individual could potentially harm themselves, others or the UA community. Members of the TAM team come from a number of interdisciplinary groups on campus including CAPS, UAPD, Life and Work Connections, Human Resources and the Office of the General Counsel. Binder, who is a member of both teams, said the cases presented to the TAM team are difficult due to the large range of behaviors individuals may display. Some threats are overt and can be dealt with under the Threatening Behavior by Students policy, but other threats are vague. If a target is not named, the teams must discuss what potential the individual has of hurting someone. “You can’t exactly predict violence,” Binder said, who also emphasized how important it is not to stereotype students and believe them to be violent on the basis of, for example, the place they come from or the situation they were raised in.

safe and secure atmosphere on campus, but we really want people to see us as people who will get you the resources you need,” Barrera said. “Be it if you need to go to [Counseling and Psych Services], Oasis or Life and Work Connections or if you just need to know where the library is or how to do a good research paper.”


    

STUDENTS feeling overwhelmed or suffering from other sorts of mental stressors can seek counseling at Counseling and Psych Services on the third floor of the Campus Health Center. The university and UAPD have laid out a protocol for what happens if there is an active shooter on campus.

an everyday setting so they can always be prepared. “What can we use inside our office? What can we use inside our drawers of our desk? What can we use inside of our buildings?” Barrera said. He adds that there are programs on campus and with UAPD that are there to help students who may be having issues, in hopes that they may be able to take steps toward preventing a situation before it even happens. “That’s really what UAPD is about, not only providing a


Remain calm, and follow officer’s instructions Immediately raise hands and spread fingers when instructed by officer’s Keep hands visible at all times Avoid making quick movements toward officers such as attempting to go to them for safety Avoid pointing, screaming or yelling Don’t stop to ask officers for help or direction when evacuating, proceed in the direction from which officers are entering the building/area or towards the location instructed by 9-1-1 /officers


Location of the active shooter/s Number of shooters, if more than one Physical description of the shooter/s Number and type of weapons possessed by the shooter/s Number of potential victims and their locations at the incident scene

RECOGNIZING SIGNS OF POTENTIAL WORKPLACE VIOLENCE An active shooter may be a current or former employee or student. If you believe an employee/student is an immediate threat or exhibits potentially violent behavior contact: 9-1-1 immediately. If the individual is not an immediate threat or not exhibiting potentially violent behavior, call UA Human Resources at 520.621.3662 if the individual in an employee. Call the Dean of Students Office at 520.621.7057 if the individual is a student. If the individual is not affiliated with the University call 9-1-1. Indications of potentially violent behavior may include one or more of the following:     

Increased use of alcohol and/or drugs Unexplained increase in absenteeism, and /or vague physical complaints Depression/Withdrawal Increased severe mood swings, and noticeably unstable or emotional responses Increasingly talks of problems at home, school or work Increase in unsolicited comments about violence, firearms, and other dangerous weapons and violent crimes

6 • The Daily Wildcat

October 28-29, 2015 • News


Social media helps, harms


Mental health more than violence BY cooper Temple The Daily Wildcat


Alex McIntyre/The Daily Wildcat

The Facebook login page on Tuesday, Oct. 27. UA researchers are creating algorithms that determine how emotionally charged social media posts are in order to flag them for human review.

Social media can help dissipate feelings of rage and anguish, but it can easily facilitate a slip into violent acts BY Alexandria farrar The Daily Wildcat

Liking, down-voting, up-voting, sharing, deleting, requesting. You’re counting your likes, and then you’re counting their likes. It’s an abacus of worthiness as much as it is a portable peek into connection. A day with multiple chat boxes open is a good one; a day spent inside looking at other people’s fun outings is a bad one. Social media is this generation’s creation, and it’s time to start examining the extent of its effects. Social media has played a starring role in some of the darkest tragedies in recent news. The Oct. 1 shooting at Umpqua Community College was directly linked to an anonymous imageboard on 4chan.org, when a message was anonymously posted stating, “Some of you guys are alright. Don’t go to school tomorrow if you are in the northwest.” On Aug. 26, Vester Lee Flannigan II, a former news reporter from Virginia, shot his former colleagues Alison Parker and Adam Ward and then posted a video of his act on Facebook and Twitter. Media outlets have reported that both shooters struggled with mental illness, but social media may have been the sounding board that encouraged their atrocities and where others may be able to look to stop future violence. “So many times, when they look back on these people’s social media accounts after the crime has been committed, it’s shocking


to see the amount of posts that should send up red flags to all the people reading them, … yet no one says a word,” wrote Cassandra Rodriguez, a graduate student at the UA School of Information. Rodriguez’s work is on conducting sentiment analysis on social media posts to measure the author’s emotions. This means running posts through various algorithms to measure their emotional value. Higher emotional content would be rechecked, most likely by a human, for danger signs. This could include the biting word choice of rage or perhaps the unrealistic whirlwind of mania. In contrast, Dr. Joel Dvoskin, a clinical and forensic psychologist and assistant professor of psychiatry at the UA, suggests having algorithms identify social media users in this way may be misleading because, in some instances, this behavior may be healthy. “For some people, the ability to communicate may in some ways be to mitigate a threat,” Dvoskin said. “People can in some ways be satisfied by communicating their rage through [social media].” Though some posts share certain aspects, researchers can’t immediately assume that they suggest an immediate danger to themselves or others. “There are common characteristics—anger, social disconnectedness, feelings of insignificance,” Dvoskin said. “Those are so common. [But] the vast majority of people who have

these characteristics are never going to hurt anybody.” On the other hand, the power of community in the hands of people in similarly psychologically fragile states has the ability to turn a nonstandard belief into a war cry. A prime example is now defunct forum PUAhate.com, or Pickup Artist Hate, which Santa Barbara shooter Elliot Rodger is known to have frequented. What began as dating frustration escalated into full-blown misogyny and hate speech against women and other men, those deemed to be “pick up artists.” Overall, voicing mental distress on social media seems to be in some ways therapeutic until a desire to share stories over the same struggles becomes a call to arms backed by hate speech. It is when what seems to be mere text and venting starts hitting this area of rage and utter frustration that most people agree something must be done. Mass shootings are statistically isolated events, though disproportionate media attention seems to make viewers think otherwise. As much as they are linked to mental illness, mental illness is not something to be feared as much as it something to be treated. “Forty-four percent of adults and about 20 percent of children and adolescents don’t receive treatment for [their mental disorders],” said Dr. Christina Cutshaw, an assistant professor of public health at the UA’s Mel and

Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health. Social media can help those demonstrating signs to get the help they need if they are properly identified. “Some of [Facebook] posts can serve as confessions in themselves,” said anthropology junior Michael Chikos on Facebook in response to a discussion on mental health and social media. “Illustrations like ‘How depression feels’ or links [such as] ‘Things only people with social anxiety disorder understand’ send the implicit message that one goes through mental distress.” How can we help those suffering online? Changedirection.org, a website dedicated to helping people identify mental suffering online or in person, cites five specific behaviors as very important warning signs: poor self-care, agitation, personality change, withdrawal and hopelessness. The site suggests that observers should take initiative and talk to someone who they are worried about, as they may not feel like they can reach out for help. “Some people who are looking for help may not be willing to tell people in person,” said Martin Ruiz, a junior studying accounting and finance. “[However] there is something about [being] behind a keyboard that makes it easier for people to express their true feelings.” — Follow Alexandria Farrar @alexcat09


Compiled BY Chastity Laskey The Daily Wildcat

“What would you do if there was a shooter on campus?” “I probably would first go for safety and then [call] my loved ones and say lastminute things if the shooter was near me.” — Emily McGrane, a physiology freshman

“I would try to run away and inform the police. If someone came into my classroom with a gun, there’s not a whole lot I can do. I suppose I would try and talk the guy down.” — Stewart Cohen, a UA philosophy professor

“I would just try and get away. I don’t think we could really do anything at that point; it’d be a little too late.” — Grace Maddox, a psychology junior

“Depending on where they’re at I would first seek cover and stay out of the way and not add to the problem. I used to do a lot of bodyguarding and security, so if they were in my immediate area I would probably be more [the type] who goes towards them. But if I don’t have to add to the problem, I probably wouldn’t. I guess it’s all situational based.” — Chris Bernhardt, a senior studying public management and policy

“If I was not in a classroom I would try and leave campus as fast as possible and get really far away from it. If I was in a classroom I honestly don’t know what I would do, because I feel like I would feel really helpless. I feel like we haven’t really been taught what to actually do in that situation, except to maybe tackle a shooter. Obviously I’m not strong enough to do that, so probably just try and hide somewhere.” — Maya Kraft, a junior studying French and global studies

he election season is again upon us, which means we will continue to be subjected to the rhetoric from both parties on the typical issues—gun control, immigration, the economy and foreign affairs, to name a few. Shockingly, candidates continue to ignore a problem facing more than 45 million Americans: mental illness. During the 2012 election mental health was hardly mentioned during debates. When it was touched on, it was only during discussions of gun violence and crime. Based on the few debates that have occurred so far this cycle, it seems as though this will continue to be the case. Instead of focusing on the topic itself, politicians continue to use it as a scapegoat for gun violence in order to avoid placing blame on the relaxed gun laws in our country. Mental illness is a severe issue—1 in 4 Americans suffer from a mental health problem each year, 60 percent don’t receive treatment and serious mental illnesses cost the U.S. $193 billion in lost earnings annually, according to the Huffington Post. Yet, it was only discussed in the GOP debates as a subset of gun violence and only mentioned once—by Sen. Bernie Sanders—during the most recent democratic debate. There is no other issue affecting 25 percent of the country’s population— Republicans, Democrats and Independents alike—that receives so little attention. The connection that has been forged between mental illness and gun violence isn’t as accurate as it seems to be. Although those who commit mass shootings are invariably suffering from mental illness, addressing the problem of mental health should not be the sole response to gun crimes. According to the Arizona Republic, “people with psychiatric disabilities are far more likely to be victims than perpetrators of a violent crime, … people with severe mental illnesses like schizophrenia, bipolar disorder or psychosis are twoand-a-half times more likely to be attacked, raped or mugged than the general population.” Furthermore, a study from the American Journal of Public Health shows that only 4 percent of violent crimes in the U.S. are committed by those diagnosed with mental illness. Yet, America is only exposed to the stories worthy of headlines, which involve violent crimes committed by those with severe mental disorders. The vast majority of people affected by psychological illness, though, continue to suffer quietly and internally. The continued promotion of the connection between disorders and gun violence by the media and political candidates serves not to help this majority, but rather stigmatizes their disorders and discourages them from seeking help. Conservative pundit Ann Coulter on her website goes so far as to claim that “guns don’t kill people—the mentally ill do.” If the politicians who are supposed to represent us and the media that is supposed to inform us cannot acknowledge that mental illness does not automatically connote violent crime, psychological disorders will continue to plague the country. Instead of discussing the issue only when mass shootings occur, comprehensive reform needs to be adopted that will seek to destigmatize mental disorders and provide greater options for treatment. Thousands of Americans are homeless, imprisoned or dead because they could not receive the help they needed to combat their illnesses. Suicide remains steady as the 10th leading cause of death in the U.S., accounting for a death every 13 minutes. This is unacceptable. The reality is that we have a serious mental health problem in the U.S. that needs to be addressed. Even those who tie it only to gun violence more than likely have friends and family who suffer the effects of a disorder. Until our representatives are held accountable and made to realize the seriousness of the issue, though, treatable illnesses will continue to harm millions unnecessarily.

— Follow Cooper Temple @DailyWildcat

The Daily Wildcat • 7

News • October 28-29, 2015


ASU club pushes for campus carry BY Ava Garcia

The Daily Wildcat

With the ultimate goal of giving students a chance to better protect themselves, an Arizona State University student group is in the process of petitioning to repeal the university’s policy barring students from carrying and storing weapons on campus. “Whether that be changing school policy or changing minds so we can get some legislation enacted, our goal is the immediate restoration of that right on campus,” said Jacob Pritchett, the director of outreach for ASU’s Students for Self-Defense club. “We’re also trying to encourage the university to use some of the student safety budget on teaching situational awareness and gun safety.” The club has started a petition to reverse ASU’s ban on weapons on campus so that it would be legal for students to carry weapons on campus. The petition has garnered around 350 signatures online and some more via paper petitions, according to Pritchett. “We’ll try to get as many [signatures] as possible. The original goal was 100, but now we’d like to get a thousand,” Pritchett said. “Every time we get a bunch of signatures on this, it gets sent to the president [of ASU]’s office, supposedly.” The Students for Self-Defense club has already met with school officials to discuss their petition, and while there are guidelines set by the Arizona Board of Regents that do not allow firearm possession on college campuses, Pritchett is confident in the progress the petition could make on campus. “We think it’s getting people to listen,” Pritchett said. “We’ve already

Victoria Pereira/The Daily Wildcat

Eric Huelsman, a German studies senior and a member of the UA Shotgun Team, practicing skeet at the Tucson Trap & Skeet Club on Thursday, Oct. 22. Huelsman has been shooting for over six years and has participated in a number of competitions with the Shotgun Team.

had a meeting with some school officials, and they’re definitely knowledgeable about what we’re doing. And they’ve acknowledged the flaw in their policy concerning self defense, where they basically indicate that they’d like you to carry pepper spray but don’t say it in so many words. But then they say the pepper spray is banned—we think we could create some change.” The UA and ASU both have laws against weapons on campus, including a ban on Tasers, pepper spray and firearms. At the UA, the campus has been declared a weapons-free zone by the board of regents. That means no firearms, knives longer than 5 inches, Tasers or even nunchucks can be on campus. If someone is found in

possession of any of these weapons, the University of Arizona Police Department will ask them to store the weapon off campus. “People can store a weapon in their car, but it’s not something that we want to have people do,” said Sgt. Filbert Barrera, public information officer for UAPD. “We would prefer [people] keep their weapons off campus.” Barrera said that these incidents of finding people in possession of weapons do happen, but they are not too common. Those who do not remove their weapons from campus when asked to do so could face charges of misconduct involving weapons. At ASU, the “use, possession, display or storage of any weapon”

anywhere that is under the control of the university is prohibited, according to the ASU Police Department Manual. Efforts like Students for SelfDefense’s to make change at ASU haven’t been repeated directly at the UA. Currently, there is no equivalent group at the UA, and Barrera said that he doesn’t know how successful they would be on the UA campus. He said he is sure, however, that allowing students to carry guns on campus could lead to confusion for him when carrying out a call to the scene of a gun incident. He outlined his point with a hypothetical situation, in which he responds to a call about a woman in a red shirt and jeans with a gun in the Student Union Memorial Center, but

there is another woman in a red shirt there with a gun who is not a threat. “How are we going to differentiate right away? So the whole thing is that, unless you’re in uniform—unless you are a known law enforcement entity on this campus—and we have to respond to something, well then if someone [there] is similarly dressed, they just became [another armed person],” Barrera said. “It creates confusion, it creates a situation where it’s actually more unsafe, and it makes our job much harder.” Barrera also said that police officers practice shooting once every quarter and undergo active shooter training every year. “We can’t control how many times a private citizen goes out and shoots. We can’t control how familiar they are with the weapon, and so it’s something that it just creates more problems than it would solve,” he said. When it comes to skeptics, though, Pritchett asks them to think over why they are against firearms on campus. “The question we should be asking ourselves isn’t, ‘Do you like firearms?’ The question you should be asking yourself is, ‘Will this contribute to student safety, and also are these policies keeping other people from bringing firearms on campus?’ I think that the clear evidence here is that they’re not,” Pritchett said. “These rules aren’t magical force fields. It would be better to level the playing field and allow law-abiding citizens to carry.”

— Follow Ava Garcia @ava_garcia_



Presidential stances

Campus poli groups face off on gun control

BY Meghan Fernandez The Daily Wildcat

With gun violence so prevalent in the U.S., gun control is a recurring issue debated among the presidential candidates. The Republican and Democratic frontrunners each have contrasting stances on gun control. Dr. Ben Carson Carson takes a staunch stance against any sort of gun regulation that would diminish the Second Amendment. In early October, Carson suggested that the Holocaust may have not happened if citizens at the time had been armed with guns, according to a BBC News article. As stated on his campaign website, “The Second Amendment is a central pillar of our Constitution. … It provides our citizens the right to protect themselves from threats foreign or domestic.”

Carline Jean/Sun Sentinel/TNS

Donald Trump Sharing a similar stance with Carson, Trump, too, is opposed to any gun regulation that would affect lawabiding citizens’ right to bear arms. Trump does, however, differ from Carson in a few aspects regarding the issue. According to his campaign website, Trump emphasized the need to repair the mental health system in this nation, noting that poor mental health has been a factor in these mass shootings. More recently, Trump announced that if elected president, he would veto any new regulations restricting access to firearms. “The Second Amendment guarantees a fundamental right that belongs to all law-abiding citizens. The Constitution doesn’t create that right—it ensures that the government can’t take it away,” reads a statement on his campaign website. Robert Gauthier/Los Angeles Times/TNS

Hillary Clinton Clinton strongly believes that legislative measures need to be taken now to reduce gun violence in the U.S. During Clinton’s political career, she has supported action against gun violence, such as voting for legislation that would enforce the implementation of background checks before gun sales at all events where firearms are sold, according to her campaign website. Another key component of Clinton’s stance for gun regulation is her desire to hold the gun industry responsible if its guns were used to commit crimes. Clinton’s campaign website states, “While gun ownership is part of the fabric of many law-abiding communities, too many families in America have suffered from gun violence. About 33,000 Americans are killed by guns each year. That is unacceptable. It is a rebuke to this nation we love.” Brian Cahn/Zuma Press/TNS

Bernie Sanders Though also in favor of gun regulation and reform like Clinton, Sanders differs from her in that he would not hold the gun industry accountable for acts of gun violence unless they are knowingly aiding criminals, which he emphasized during the first Democratic debate in early October. Sanders’ campaign website does not include his stance on gun control. However, he has spoken about the matter, voting for a bill to implement universal instant background checks with gun purchases and also advocating the need to fix the nation’s mental health system. In contrast to what are seen as his more liberal stances, Sanders has expressed how guns and hunting are a significant aspect in rural communities, especially in his home state of Vermont. Sydney Richardson/The Daily Wildcat

BY Chastity Laskey

The Daily Wildcat

In light of the recent increase in shootings nationwide, the presidents of the University of Arizona Young Democrats and College Republicans gave their opinions on gun laws. Joseline Mata, the president of UA Young Democrats and a political science sophomore, said that the main thing to take away from the Democrats’ policy on gun control, and what she believes in, is increasing background checks for those acquiring guns. “Oftentimes, when people think of Democrats’ opinion on gun control, they think we want to take everyone’s guns, and that’s not really the case,” Mata said. Mata said she thinks she can say that everyone in the Democratic Party agrees that if someone wants a gun, they should be able to gain possession of one. She said she also believes, however, that all those in possession of a firearm need to be competent and must fully understand what it means to have a gun. Ashlee Bierworth, a junior studying law and political science with an emphasis on American politics, is the president of UA College Republicans. “I agree with having some restrictions on who can buy a gun when it comes to mental health and other issues like that,” Bierworth said. “I disagree with preventing law-abiding citizens from obtaining guns.” Bierworth said that the U.S. has seen a lot of mass shootings lately, and she doesn’t think the problem is that guns are accessible; she said the issues lies within gun-free zones. “Ninety-two percent of our shootings happen on gun-free zones,” Bierworth said. “For example, the Aurora shooting­— the shooter was in the vicinity of five different movie theaters, and he chose the one that the farthest from his house because it was the only one that was a gun-free zone.” The Arizona Board of Regents prohibits guns, along with many other weapons, on the UA campus, as well as in all buildings and land owned or under the control of the UA. “Not having to worry about whether someone near me is armed is great. I think that’s the right thing to do,” Mata said. Bierworth said she personally thinks those who are over 21

Young Democrats President Joseline Mata

College Republicans President Ashlee Bierworth

and can legally carry should be able to carry a gun on campus, or at least to store their guns in gun lockers when they come to campus. “I believe that if you give lawabiding citizens the opportunity to carry a gun, there’s more of a chance they will be able to protect themselves,” Bierworth said. Bierworth said that mass shootings end when armed police eventually arrive on the scene. “If we can make that possible sooner, it might save lives,” she said. Mata said that, after seeing how often shootings happen, they are bringing this issue to the forefront. “We need to stop talking about it and start actually creating legislations to change the policies that are allowing certain individuals to gain access to guns,” Mata said. Bierworth said that the mass shootings have made her views even stronger.

— Follow Chastity Laskey @ChastityLaskey

8 • The Daily Wildcat

October 28-29, 2015 • News



Industry controls full of holes BY BRANDI WALKER The Daily Wildcat


Gun laws need interpretation


A VARIETY OF GUNS on display at Second Amendment Sports on Pima Street in Tucson. Employees at Second Amendment Sports are passionate about the Second Amendment and their customers.

The Second Amendment protects the right for U.S. citizens to bear arms. However, some say this constitutional right needs to be reinterperited BY ANDY ALVARADO The Daily Wildcat

Recent gun violence in the U.S. has called into question, more than ever, the language of the Second Amendment and its relevance in today’s society. The Second Amendment of the U.S. Constitution reads: “A well-regulated militia, being necessary to the security of the State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.” Times have changed since the Constitution’s ratification in 1789 , and many think that the response to these changes is to take another look at the amendment. According to the Washington Free Beacon , last month, former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton once again criticized the Supreme Court’s controversial 2008 ruling in the District of Colombia v. Heller case, which found strict regulation of gun ownership to be unconstitutional. “And here again, the Supreme Court is wrong on the Second Amendment, and I am going to make that case every chance I get,” Clinton said. It is not just politicians that

think the Second Amendment may be in need of reinterperitation. Danya Michael , a second-year law student at the James E. Rogers College of Law , said she also thinks it should be interpreted with the times. “I think that the law is fluid and that, as far as our constitution goes, it’s interpreted to adjust to our times,” Michael said. “I believe that our amendments don’t necessarily need to change, it’s the interpretations maybe that could use some tweaking.” Despite her criticism of those interpretations, Michael is against stricter gun control laws. “I think right now the Second Amendment is accurate where it’s at,” Michael said. “If anything we need to allow more good guys to have guns.” Still, Michael does not see a clear solution to preventing gunrelated violence. “There is a whole slew of reasons why people choose to do what they do,” she said. “Whether it’s mental health, or impoverishment, I don’t know.” Andrew Rhoades, a first-year English grad student , who is active in the discussion about gun control, disagrees with his

fellow liberals about the passing of more restrictive gun laws. “Well, let’s look at the language,” Rhoades said. “[The founding fathers] wrote the right ‘to keep and bear arms,’ which is a sort of vague language. There are large freedoms that exist within that language—it’s been up to the Supreme Court to decide which ones should be upheld.” Rhoades explained that critics of the Second Amendment typically fall into two camps. The first are those who defend the founding fathers and say that the Constitution should stay the same. “But sometimes people try to put words in the mouths of the founding fathers,” Rhoades said, explaining that what the founders wanted was not a Constitution that remained static, but one that could be revised to fit the changing times. This revisionist group makes up the second group of critics. One argument cited by politicians pushing for new gun control laws is that of the effectiveness of Australia’s 1996 Prohibited Weapons Act , which banned guns and launched a buy-back program, where

governments exchange money for citizens’ firearms. Last week, Clinton said that similar measures were “worth looking into.” Rhoades said that the rhetoric of such arguments is wholly unrealistic. “The culture is entrenched in the love of guns. The [National Rifle Association] is too powerful, and there are already too many guns,” Rhoades said, explaining why passing restrictive gun laws would be unfeasible. “Maybe if the country were smaller, had a different history, had a different culture—then maybe the laws would work.” There is an indirect solution to reducing gun violence, Rhoades explained, that doesn’t involve fiddling with the constitution or focusing legislation toward guns. He feels that mental illness and poverty are overarching issues that need to be addressed. “Where there is poverty, there’s going to be violence,” Rhoades said. “I think that if we focus on the human issues, then naturally there will be a reduction of violent crimes.” — Follow Andy Alvarado @DailyWildcat

There are provisions in place that require Americans to undergo a background check before they purchase a firearm , but there are loopholes in the system that allow school shootings to take place as a result of someone in possession of a gun who did not undergo a background check. “Since the enactment of the Brady Law on March 1, 1994, through Dec. 31, 2012, background checks blocked more than 2.4 million prohibited purchasers like domestic abusers, convicted felons, mentally ill persons and other dangerous individuals from purchasing a firearm or receiving a permit to purchase or carry a firearm,” according to the Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence . The Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act is legislation that requires a five-day waiting period when purchasing a handgun and the establishment a national criminal background system in the U.S. Jim Shera , owner of Frontier Gun Shop located on East Grant Road , said he cannot order a background check unless a person is purchasing a gun. Shera said he does not know what the background check process entails because it is handled by the government. In Arizona, there is no permit required to carry a firearm and there are provisions in place for the right to carry a firearm in confidentiality , according to the National Rifle Association’s Institute for Legislative Action . “It is unlawful to sell or give to a minor, without written consent of the minor’s parent or legal guardian, a firearm or ammunition,” according to the NRA Institute for Legislative Action. “No state permit is required to purchase a shotgun, rifle, or handgun.” According to the NRA Institute for Legislative Action, a gun purchaser will be exempt from the National Institute Criminal Background Check System if they have a concealed handgun permit. Federal background check requirements do not require unlicensed, private gun sellers to conduct background checks, according to the Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence. “As a result, convicted felons and other ineligible people are able to easily buy guns in most states nationwide,” the center’s website states. There are other loopholes for getting around the background check step of buying a firearm. . Each year, Tucson hosts a number of gun shows where gun enthusiasts can come see and purchase firearms. The Tucson Expo Gun Show takes place Oct. 31 and Nov. 1 at the Tucson Expo Center. According to the gun show promoter’s website, all federal, state and local firearm ordinances and laws must be obeyed. However, outside of the city’s limits, those interested in purchasing a gun without undergoing a background check can do so at many gun shows. Guns can also be legally grandfathered, or passed down from generation to generation, without a mandatory background check .

— Follow Brandi Walker @brandimwalker

The Daily Wildcat • 9

News • October 28-29, 2015


Ditch your guns to prevent suicides BY Martin Forstrom The Daily Wildcat


he U.S. has a rate of gun violence and homicide overall that is startlingly high for a developed country, and many point to its relatively lax restrictions of gun ownership and record-high level thereof. Whether they are on the side of more gun control or less, people are very concerned about gun-related deaths, and with good reason considering the mass shootings that we have been experiencing nearly every other week lately. What we do know is that gun suicides kill 60 percent more often than gun homicides in this country, and decreasing gun ownership definitely lowers suicide rates. You might be thinking that it must lower only gun suicide rates. Anyone who really wants to kill themselves will just find another way, right? Wrong. This line of thinking reveals an astounding degree of ignorance about the top killer of young people. The bottom line is reduced gun ownership leads to a reduced rate of suicides and a subsequently lower number of gun-related deaths each year. Living in a house with a gun increases your odds of death by suicide 17-fold and, according to the Times, “the firearm-suicide rate for U.S. children is 10 times higher than the firearm-suicide rate of the children of all other nations in the world combined, according to the National Institutes of Health.” The odds of gun ownership saving you from a violent criminal is profoundly lower than the odds of you shooting yourself or someone else.. Even if you’re the happiest person in the world and have never had a suicidal thought in your life, having a gun simply provides the option. You could live in a violent neighborhood and be constantly at risk of being a victim of gun violence but, the one factor we’re too scared to discuss—suicide— is the thing more likely to kill you. If you don’t have a gun, this risk is profoundly decreased. In fact, gun suicides are more effective than most other methods and subsequently much more preventable. While unavailability of guns may be correlated with an increase in other methods of suicide, the result is still a profound drop in the overall number of suicides. When the number of lives lost by gun-related suicide significantly dwarves the number by other gun deaths, why is this dark side of the gun culture not discussed? Suicide makes us uncomfortable. There are no good guys and bad guys and exciting shootouts. But we’re talking about so many lives, mostly young, promising ones whose losses not only devastates families and friends but are a serious drain on our economy and society. Only a few states even have death with dignity acts. We clearly are not comfortable with death at all. It’s easy to focus on the murders and the deaths by disease, but that’s not helpful. Of course, we’d rather focus on the much smaller amount of deaths about which the evidence is less conclusive because, for most people, it’s really not about saving lives. It’s about sticking it to the ammosexuals or the bleeding hearts or whomever. It’s about feeling vindicated and avoiding hard conversations. Research suggests that, for every 1 percent decrease in gun ownership, there is a .5 to .9 percent decrease in suicides, or 345 lives saved to provide some context about how much people should care. When it’s a group of murders, the number matters and they have names, when it’s a suicide it’s over and done. There is much we can do. Preventing IDF conscripts from bringing their guns home on the weekend reduced Israel’s conscript suicide problem by 40 percent. “[Ninety] percent of Americans support universal background checks, which would surely help. [Eighty-two] percent of teenage suicides involve guns poorly secured or foolishly unprotected by members of their family,” according to The New York Times, so we have to do something about that. There are practical, simple steps we can take as a country to avoid both gun suicides and homicides, regardless of our willingness to dwell in dark corners. Maybe we can start there.

— Follow Martin Forstrom @martinforstrom

Jesus Barrera/The Daily Wildcat

Yusif Dashti, a first-year Center for English as a Second Language student, speaks about the American gun culture and his thoughts about shootings around campuses in the U.S. on Wednesday, Oct. 21. The U.S. has some of the most relaxed gun laws of any country in the world.


International take on gun laws BY Meghan Fernandez The Daily Wildcat

International students at the UA weighed in with their perspectives on gun violence in the U.S., an issue that has become more and more prevalent in recent years. The UA has a large international student presence on campus. According to the UA 2014-2015 Fact Book, 3,696 international students attended the UA in 2014—about 8.7 percent of the student population. Max Reid, an international exchange student from Australia at the UA for the fall semester, said U.S. gun laws are strikingly different from Australian gun laws. Australia enacted stricter gun laws after a mass shooting in 1996 that resulted in the deaths of 35 and left 23 injured, according to a New York Times article. One of the more prominent aspects of Australia’s stricter gun regulation was the government buying back guns from citizens after the ban was passed. Weapons have to be kept in a safe at all times, and people who want to purchase a gun

have to apply for a license and then apply for a background check, Reid said. Those interested in purchasing guns also have to state their intention for using the gun; for example, Reid said, his friend lives on a farm in Australia and so he was able to acquire a rifle, but not a hand gun. “I think Australia generally is very scornful of the U.S.,” Reid said. “I think it’s ingrained in the U.S. culture, it seems … that to protect yourself from the government you need weapons, and it’s in your Constitution.” Reid said he feels that the chance of him getting shot is higher in the U.S. than back home in Australia, but added that he isn’t concerned living here. Regarding the most recent mass shooting at Umpqua Community College, Reid said he feels the same way as every other shooting and that he has become desensitized to the matter. “I always just get the same thought, like, ‘Is this gonna change? Are they gonna do something about it?’ ” Reid said. Yuan Tian, a psychology sophomore from China,

said that regarding guns, the culture in the U.S. is different than in China. Gun violence isn’t because of the Second Amendment, Tian said, but because of the culture surrounding mental and social disorders. China’s outlook on U.S. gun laws, Tian said, is that the U.S. is crazy. “I’m not nervous because I know normal people with guns don’t shoot at each other,” Tian said. Private gun ownership is banned in China under the Firearms-Control Legislation and Policy with only two exceptions, according to the Library of Congress. The exceptions: official use and permitted civilian use. “Firearms for civilian use are permitted for specified ‘work units’ in three areas: sports, hunting, and wildlife protection, breeding, and research,” the website states. For other international students, it’s the right to carry guns that leads to mass shootings in the U.S. Yusif Dashti, who is not yet a UA student but enrolled in an English class through the Center for English as a Second Language, is from

Kuwait and said the Second with fake bullets for hunting, Amendment is the reason for but cannot be armed with real guns, and only certain people mass shootings in the U.S. According to Dashti, can apply for licenses, he said. In his home country, Albori civilians cannot own guns in Kuwait—except for hunting heard that there was a lot of in which fake bullets are used. crime in the U.S. and that it Some civilians still own guns wasn’t safe, but upon being for self-defense from during here, he said he feels safe and the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait, really enjoys being here. Ching Yu, who came to Dashti said. Dashti recalled when he Tucson from Taiwan two went to purchase a car in the weeks ago and is in the same U.S. and saw a man carrying ESL class as Dashti, plans a gun in his pocket. Initially to apply to the UA for her scared, Dashti said he wanted master’s degree in marketing. Yu said that in Taiwan, to know why the man had a gun and decided to go talk to civilians cannot own guns and that only the police can him. Dashti said the man told carry guns. “I think it’s quite dangerous him that he was in the Army years ago, has knowledge here because I saw on the about guns and that’s why he news that someone ran into a school, used a gun and shot was carrying it. Mohammed Albori, everywhere,” Yu said. Regarding the gun culture another student from the same ESL class who moved in the U.S., Yu said that guns from Saudi Arabia to Tucson are a way for people to defend five months ago, shared the themselves. “I think it’s a way to keep same viewpoint as Dashti. “Because of the right to yourself safe because if [bear arms], it’s more likely to someone [is] using a gun cause them to shoot people. [and] points it at you, you may … Basically it’s about having take a gun and point at him,” Yu said. the gun or not,” Albori said. In Saudi Arabia, Albori said guns are prohibited without a — Follow Meghan Fernandez @MeghanFernandez license. Civilians can use rifles


TPD: Looking for instability BY Amanda Oien The Daily Wildcat

The Tucson Police Department’s Mental Health Investigative Support Team works to make a positive impact in the community by helping the mentally ill through a preventative approach. “The mission of our unit is to prevent crime and decrease the amount of incarceration for mental health clients by helping facilitate treatment,” said TPD Officer Dustin Dial. The MHIST unit was established after the Jan. 8, 2011 shooting, when a gunman opened fire on a Congress on Your Corner event at a Tucson Safeway. U.S. Rep. Gabrielle Giffords and 12 others were shot. Six people were killed that day. After the shooting, “The general public and a lot of media outlets began asking the question, ‘Why didn’t the police know anything before the shooting?’ ” Dial said. Local law enforcement then began asking themselves if they could have done anything to prevent the shooting. According to Dial, the answer would have been no because law enforcement has historically been responsive by nature. “However, I think times are changing and the overall aspect of crime prevention, and the mentality behind it as well, is changing more towards a proactive approach more than ever before,” he added. In a Gallup poll conducted in Sept. 2013, 48 percent of Americans believed that the failure of the mental health system to identify individuals who are a danger to others was to blame for mass shootings in the U.S. Within the MHIST unit, checks and balances occur, such as doctor approvals and mental health court orders, before law enforcement gets involved. The MHIST unit has also been involved in several high-profile cases that have prevented a possible church shooting and a kidnapping. “We did that in a way where we combined both investigative law enforcement and mental health treatment,” Dial said. In one instance, he said an individual was charged with felony stalking of multiple victims. The MHIST unit was able to get a mental health court order for the individual, who is currently in jail, and remove the individual’s guns from his possession. “We were able to prevent what, based on the evidence, appeared to be a large-scale shooting at a church,” Dial said. the TPD MHIST unit would also work with the University of Arizona Police Department in the event that a student could be a danger

Rebecca Noble/The Daily Wildcat

A large­scale Tucson Police Department shield hangs in the lobby of the TPD Main Station, located at 270 S. Stone Ave., on Tuesday, Oct. 27. Eight TPD officers have died protecting the community of Tucson since 1892.

the community “takes away that bad-guy mentality,” said Officer Darrell Hussman. “Now, calling the cops doesn’t mean somebody is getting in trouble, but that we’re here to help.” MHIST is comprised of a captain, a sergeant, a detective and two field officers, all of whom go through special training. “Crisis intervention training is so valuable,” Dial said. In addition to crisis intervention training, members of the unit are also required to become certified in Mental Health First Aid, which is a certification put on by the National Council for Behavioral Health, according to Dial. “We get to be the side of law enforcement their uniforms to help individuals stay calm. that is helping people,” Hussman said. “That “We’re surprised every day how willing is the most rewarding.” people are to talk to us when we say, ‘No one is in any kind of trouble, we’re with the If you or someone you know needs help, mental health unit,’ ” Dial said. call the 24/7, community-wide crisis line at The MHIST unit also uses unmarked vehicles. When an individual is transported, 520-622-6000. “[MHIST tells] them, ‘There are no lights on it, and there’s no marking on the side because this is nobody’s business but yours,’ — Follow Amanda Oien ” Dial said. @amanda_oien Helping individuals with the support of to his or herself or others. UAPD Sgt. Filbert Barrera said the department looks for certain signs that show students are “failing to thrive, such as not eating, sleeping, not engaging or not taking care of themself.” UAPD takes every situation case by case and makes decisions based on the facts and circumstances that are gathered and will call on the TPD for assistance if needed, according to Barrera. The majority of individuals transported to hospitals for mental health treatment are transferred without the use of handcuffs, according to Dial. TPD has also taken risks with the MHIST unit, such as allowing MHIST officers to wear plain clothing rather than

10 • The Daily Wildcat

October 28-29, 2015 • News

Where do we go from here? BY Sam Gross

The Daily Wildcat


he Daily Wildcat approached a number of policymakers and public figures from the UA and the surrounding community and asked them the following question regarding a solution to gun violence and mass shootings: In light of increasing instances of mass and school shootings, what is the next move? How would you recommend we address and counteract a trend that only seems to be gaining steam?

Tom Price/The Daily Wildcat

Courtesy of Steve Kozachik

Tom Price/The Daily Wildcat

Brian Seastone, chief of police, University of Arizona Police Department Crime and violence don’t respect the boundaries of an educational institution. In 2002, this campus experienced the horror of a mass shooting, with the death of three of our UA College of Nursing professors. The suspect, a distraught student, held a class hostage before killing two of the professors in front of the class and then killing himself. The UA has taken great measures to ensure the safety and security of our community, through education, awareness and the use of technology. We have instituted the UAlert emergency text message system to inform the community; implemented new policies to address threatening and disruptive behavior; and, most recently, introduced the LiveSafe app to help individuals report criminal activity via text message. Although we can never stop someone committed to doing harm, everyone plays an important part in keeping our campus safe by immediately reporting suspicious or threatening behavior to UAPD. Steve Kozachik, Tucson city councilman, Sixth Ward The issue of gun violence has reached a saturation point. We are no longer surprised to see reports of mass shootings on a college campus, in a movie theater, an execution-style shooting of law enforcement officers or the murder of 20 children in an elementary school. Making any progress in taking back the moral ethic of our country must include expansion of services for those suffering mental illness. Ignoring that component of the issue is a fundamental mistake. It is equally mistaken to ignore the need for legislation addressing the ease with which people obtain weapons. It is legal to sell a gun to a stranger on a street corner, cash and carry, no questions asked. As long as we continue to elect politicians who are cravenly beholden to the [National Rifle Association], we should expect nothing to change. A part of the solution must begin at the ballot box. Christopher Grimes, junior studying political science and economics and Model United Nations member With just over one mass shooting occurring each day so far in the U.S., it’s definitely time to take action. Ideally, Americans would be safer if guns were not allowed in society, but unfortunately that’s unrealistic. In addition, Congress has consistently renewed bans on [Centers for Disease Control and Prevention] research on the relationship between gun ownership and gun violence, so we have little insight on how much harm owning a gun may cause. I believe that the first step is to remove this ban on research, as it is important to have data and hard facts that relate to a topic that is taking thousands of lives every year. For a short-term solution, I also believe that the U.S. should require background checks on all purchases of guns. Finally, I believe that additional funding should go toward mental health programs throughout the country.

Courtesy of Ann Weaver Hart

Courtesy of Eileen Klein

Tom Price/The Daily Wildcat

Ann Weaver Hart, UA president Gun violence is the dread and horror of every university administrator because none of us can say with any certainty, “It won’t happen here.” Tragically, it happened at the UA 13 years ago this month. But we can learn from past incidents and reduce the likelihood of their reoccurrence. The UA has a trained, nationally accredited police force charged with campus safety and a campus-wide alert system that can warn over 54,000 people in less than 2 minutes. The most proactive response is to make sure people tell campus officials if they think someone plans to do anyone harm. The UA threat assessment team is trained to confidentially investigate reports, to expertly assess a person’s state of mind and to intervene as needed through well-being checks and counseling referrals or, if warranted, intervention by law enforcement officers. If you see something, if you feel threatened, if you hear someone talk about plans that menace the UA or anyone here, you need to speak up. It’s up to each of us to look out for all of us. Eileen I. Klein, Arizona Board of Regents president Shootings at our nation’s schools are appalling acts of violence and cowardice. While we cannot control or always anticipate the acts or decisions of an individual, we will hold anyone who commits these senseless acts to full account. We all have a role to promote the safety of our students whether on campus or off. I am especially grateful to the countless students who have worked with the regents and campus leaders as part of our Student Safety Task Force to create safe and healthy learning environments and for their ongoing commitment to look out for one another as part of their collegiate experience. We also have a duty to make sure our students have access to the resources they need when they are struggling. Each of our Arizona universities provides resources for students, from educational resources regarding alcohol to professional services for those who may be dealing with mental health or substance or alcohol abuse problems. Students can take advantage of counseling, crisis hotlines and wellness services at our universities, and we ask everyone in our campus communities to encourage those who are struggling to take advantage of campus and other resources.

Allison Childress, junior studying political science and economics and Model United Nations member Mass shootings are regrettably so commonplace in America today, and yet not much has been done about them. It’s unfortunately very easy for those wishing to harm themselves or others to access guns. I believe we need to work toward restricting assault weapons and high-capacity magazines, which serve only the purpose of making it easier to kill more people in a shorter amount of time. Perhaps restricting all guns is not the answer, but politicians and leaders need to be open to conversations about gun control. To ignore or dismiss this problem is downright irresponsible. I also believe media should devote less time to covering the shooters themselves—giving them the attention they crave— and instead focus on the victims. We, as a society, need to stop sensationalizing the shooters, which only leads to infamy that in turn spurs other mentally ill persons toward this type of violence.


Q&A with trauma guru Dr. Peter Rhee BY Pearl Lam

The Daily Wildcat

Dr. Peter Rhee has spent his career saving victims of violence. He served 24 years as a Navy surgeon, patching up battlefield injuries, and is currently the chief of Trauma, Critical Care, Burn and Emergency Surgery at Banner–University Medical Center, as well as a professor of surgery at the UA. We sat down with Rhee to discuss his life on the other side of these tragedies and his experience as the attending physician during the 2011 Tucson shooting. The Daily Wildcat: What makes gun violence a personal issue to you? Rhee: I deal with it every single day. It’s amazing to me that I go into this isolated world and I am kept a secret. I’m kept a secret because the public doesn’t want to hear about it. They just tell me to take care of all these ridiculous bloody shots. You know, why don’t you come into the hospital for about a month and look at all the people that are shot, and look at why they’re shot. And look at the stories behind each human being that is shot. Some of them are mad people, most of them are not. What are your thoughts about the Tucson shooting in 2011? Senseless. It had no purpose, but we do love our guns, and we can get guns. I think this is a political issue. I don’t think the people are actually for the banning of guns—of course that will never happen. In this country, guns are ubiquitous. There is no way to do that. To be … absolutely on one extreme and say anybody can get it without any regulation seems a little silly, but I cannot get onto a little airplane to fly anywhere without going through all that security. … There’s got to be a fine line in there somewhere, right? People force you to wear seatbelts, people force you to buy car insurance and people force you to stop at a red light. What other parts of the world do you see gun violence becoming a serious issue in the future? Well, I haven’t seen the world. But when you go to other countries, most of them have no interest in that because they just don’t see gunshot wounds. Back in Korea, for example, I think they saw one in five years. And that wasn’t even a person shot in Korea, it was a Navy captain that was shot when his ship was hijacked in the Middle East. And it made national news and [was a] sensation because one of the key trauma surgeons in that country was trained in the U.S., and cared for him after his initial gunshot wound. If you go to Japan, it’s also unheard of. … When you go to Europe, most countries have really never had a gunshot wound. … In comparison to other parts of the civilized world, basically Europe and Asia, unless you’re at war you don’t see gunshots.

Will Seberger/MCT

Medical director Dr. Peter Rhee updates the media on then-Rep. Gabrielle Giffords and other patients presently receiving care at University Medical Center in Tucson on Jan. 11, 2011. Jared Loughner was convicted for the attempted assassination of former U.S. Rep. Gabrielle Giffords in a shooting rampage that killed six people and wounded 14.

who shot herself in the brain, and we’re going to try to take her organ for donation today. But every time a person tries to kill themselves, in the U.S.— and these are young people—most of the time they are associated with situational depression, at least with females. And, sadly, most of them involve men or some sort of a romantic encircle. But when you take a bunch of pills or try to kill yourself one way or another—you can find ways to overcome that. You can have a return to a bountiful life, but when you put a gun to your head, most of the time that is irreversible for you. What are the most frequent gun violence cases hospitals receive in the U.S. or globally? Be aware of [the] commonality and frequency of these injuries, and the stories and healing stories behind one of these gunshot wounds. In this city, unusually more than any other city, they hide this information. They say the patient was taken to a local hospital, they don’t say much more about it. The lay public has become numb to the gunshot wound, and they just discount it. … You know, when we talk about breast cancer, breast cancer, breast cancer, all the time—we do something about it. When we talk about red light running and texting and driving, we do something about it. We don’t talk about the gunshot wounds. It is politically intense. It is difficult for us to talk about it. We don’t want to talk about it. Sometimes they are seemingly similar stories, but a lot of times they’re not.

How does the health care system today respond Why do you think gun violence has become an to gun violence? increasingly serious issue in the U.S.? Well, we treat anybody that comes into our floor. Yesterday, I was on call and I took care of a gal What I wanted to do is have people who carry guns

and who have bullets understand that, while it’s right that it’s expensive in terms of lives and friends and family, it’s also expensive to health care. I want a public system somehow to pay for this, because the care we provide—whether you go to a tombstone because of a shot to your head or you’re the girl who put the gun to the head, or a victim of violence, … you will need trauma surgeons. And when you come to the trauma center, we’re ready for you. But the lay public, everybody who pays taxes one way or the other pays for that care.

their bullets. And that penny tax should go toward three systems: the police system, the court system and the health care system. This will take care of people who are shot. I’ll be happy to take care of you if you shoot yourself or shoot somebody.

Can you describe some issues or perspectives about gun violence our media could give more attention? Yeah, that gun violence is not what is portrayed. The gun violence is the availability of guns, and they will be used. If you pick up a rock, that rock will How much responsibility do our mental health be used. If you pick up a knife, someone’s going to get stabbed. If you pick up a gun, someone’s going care institutions carry over to gun violence? They have a part to do with it, but most of to get shot. the people who inflict gunshot wounds are not mentally ill. … The people who go into a theater How do you think we as a society can improve or a grocery store, sure they’re mentally ill. But our response to gun violence? Well, I don’t know if there’s a way to improve. I we get … shootings every single day. Every day. There aren’t enough mentally ill people. These just think that the people need to be aware. I think are for people treating their guns and shooting that’s where we start. You start with data. You start themselves and people shooting other people— with information. You try to make the best choices people who think that they’re protecting their you can. In this society, in this city, it’s fine with the home—but you end up getting shot because they volume of people being shot every day, and that’s pulled out a gun. We have people shot every day the price you want to pay. I don’t have an issue for one reason or another, and that’s the story with them. You know, that’s not my decision. And the public needs to hear over and over again. As I’m not a politician—I’m a doctor, I’m a public long as the public makes an informed decision. servant. I will take care of whatever you want me … I live in a society where I don’t make the rules. to take care of. But as long as people know what’s I follow the rules. Whatever my society tells me going on. When the public decides what they want are the rules, I will follow. If they say they want to to do, when the politicians decide what they want have guns, then that’s fine. But do they know the to regulate. consequences? I mean, to this day, people go to the store to buy bullets because people are still so paranoid about losing their ability to protect themselves, so they stockpile their guns and — Follow Pearl Lam bullets. Now I would like to see a penny tax on @nineteenpearls

INSIDE: DNA leads the way in forensic science, but the double-helix has its flaws B6


Geoscience in Italy



Soloman and Randall battle for quarterback

BICAS: a collective consensus B4




October 28-29, 2015 • Page B2 Editor: Sam Gross

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The do’s and dont’s of voting BY Michelle Jaquette The Daily Wildcat

Tucsonans will get the chance to vote in the municipal 2015 general and special election on Nov. 3. Mayor Jonathan Rothschild and three city council members from the 1st, 2nd and 4th wards are up for re-election. Mayor Rothschild, the incumbent Democrat, is running unopposed, and it appears he is only weeks away from securing a second term. The three Democrat city council members up for election, however, are facing competition from a team of three Republican candidates. The city council hopefuls have dubbed themselves “The Winning Team.” This summer, the incumbent city council members up for re-election were attacked by independent expenditure committee Revitalize Tucson.

In a move causing some controversy, Revitalize Tucson spent $15,200 to purchase 20 billboards asking questions that imply current city council members have run Tucson into the ground. One billboard stated: “Who made Tucson the 5th poorest city in the U.S.? Ask Shirley Scott, Paul Cunningham & Regina Romero.” This year’s ballot will feature four propositions, including a proposition that would make illegal the use of red light and speed cameras in Tucson. Want to vote? Here’s how:


— Register with the state of Arizona to vote on or before Oct. 5. If you are reading this and have not registered, it’s too late. However, fear not. There is still time to register to vote in the presidential primaries that begin in Arizona on Feb. 24.

Go to the Arizona Secretary of State’s website to access the online voter registration form. You may complete the form online or print a hard copy to mail in.


— To obtain an early ballot, contact the Pima County Recorder and request an early ballot be mailed to your house. Alternately, you can visit your designated poll on election day. All polls are in Pima County this election. Find the poll you are registered at by searching on the Pima County Recorder’s Polling Place Lookup page.


— Bring a governmentissued photo ID or two other forms of identification to the polls if you want to receive a ballot. Acceptable forms of identification are listed at the Arizona Secretary of State



— You may also bring a friend to the polls. According to the city of Tucson election guide, any voter may be accompanied into the voting booth by a person of the voter’s choice.


— Take ownership of your ballot. You may not sell or trade your ballot to friends who forgot to register. It’s a felony.


— Once you cast your ballot, you will receive an “I Voted” sticker. Wear this proudly and encourage other to exercise their rights as democratic citizens.

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The Daily Wildcat is an independent student newspaper published Monday through Friday during the fall and spring semesters at the University of Arizona. It is distributed on campus and throughout Tucson with a circulation of 7,000. The function of the Daily Wildcat is to disseminate news to the community and to encourage an exchange of ideas. The Daily Wildcat was founded under a different name in 1899. All copy, photographs, and graphics appearing in the Daily Wildcat are the sole property of the Wildcat and may not be reproduced without the specific consent of the editor in chief.

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News • October 28-29, 2015

Constituents fight over McSally’s vote BY Kassandra Manriquez

Arizona Sonora News Service

Arizona’s 2nd Congressional District Rep. Martha McSally continues to rebuff attempts to explain why she voted to cut off funding to Planned Parenthood clinics that accounted for almost 60,000 patient visits in Arizona, many within her district. There are two Planned Parenthood clinics in Southern Arizona—both sit in McSally’s district. Since the September vote, she has given several interviews in which she said she did not want a government shutdown over the funding but never explained why she wanted to eliminate it in the first place. In a statement, she stated that she wanted funds to go to clinics that don’t provide abortion services. Only one of the clinics in her district offers those services. Combined, the 10 Planned Parenthood locations across Arizona served 59,012 patient visits between July 2013 and June 2014, according to Planned Parenthood Arizona’s annual report. Planned Parenthood Arizona received $1,480,529 in government funding. Nationwide, Planned Parenthood received $528.4 million in government funding in the 2013-2014 fiscal year. Government funding cannot and does not support abortion visits. According to Democrats Victoria Steele and Matt Heinz, who are competing to challenge McSally in the upcoming election, McSally’s vote to defund Planned Parenthood does not serve her 2nd District constituents. Both Steele and Heinz claim they would have voted in support of Planned Parenthood. On Sept. 30, the Arizona Democratic Party also released a statement in support of

Nick Smallwood/The Daily Wildcat

U.S. Rep. Martha McSally addresses students and members of the public during a recent talk at the UA. McSally recently voted to defund Planned Parenthood but says she will not force the issue by way of a government shutdown.

women’s health. Though McSally voted to strip Planned Parenthood’s federal funding, she does not believe it is worth a government shutdown, according to recent interviews. “Martha McSally can’t have it both ways,” Heinz said. “Her party leadership has made the defunding of Planned Parenthood its top priority, and she will have to choose which is more important—slavish devotion to her party bosses or the health and welfare of Southern Arizona women.” Like McSally, the Arizona Republican Party does not support Planned Parenthood.

The Arizona GOP stands by its statement released on July 15. “The public deserves to know exactly what Planned Parenthood is all about as they are the ones driving the entire abortion industry, and this video is going to open a lot of eyes,” said Arizona Republican Party chairman Robert Graham. “These are horrendous practices which not only take the life of an innocent child, but Planned Parenthood now admits it has other nefarious motives driving an entire new sector of their horrific business.” Despite claims made by various sources

stating that the videos released by The Center for Medical Progress were fraudulent, the Arizona GOP continues to support a statement it released over three months ago, according to Republican Party spokesman Tim Sifert. Abortion makes up 3 percent of the services provided by Planned Parenthood. Sifert stated that 97 percent of the services Planned Parenthood provides do not matter, in the view of the party, because the abortion services justify defunding the organization. McSally’s vote, along with the votes of Republican representatives across the state, may impact the quality of health care that women—especially underserved, lowincome women—in the state of Arizona will have access to. Nationally, 78 percent of Planned Parenthood patients live “at or below 150 percent of the federal poverty level.” The vote to defund Planned Parenthood is a vote that denies quality medical care to poor women across the country. In recent interviews, McSally has expressed her desire to redirect federal funding to health centers located in underserved areas. According to Annet Ruiter, vice president of external affairs for Planned Parenthood, the issue with diverting Planned Parenthood funds to other health centers is an issue of choice. “Women and families need to be able to choose where they get their healthcare. It’s not up to the government to decide where women will go for health care,” Ruiter said. “By trying to defund us, they’re taking that choice away from them and saying ‘you cannot decide who you want to go to, we’ll make that decision for you.’”

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B4 • The Daily Wildcat

October 28-29, 2015 • News

Tucson’s BICAS encourages inclusivity BY Alex McIntyre The Daily Wildcat

A colorful, spray-painted building occupies an otherwise nondescript lot in Tucson’s Dunbar Spring neighborhood. The building, surrounded by a chain-link fence, beckons passers-by to enter with an artistic sign that reads “BICAS” next to a drawn arrow, pointing to the open gate. Welcome to Bicycle Inter Community Art & Salvage, commonly known as BICAS. A collectively run nonprofit organization, BICAS was founded as Bootstraps to Share of Tucson and is still officially referred to by the name, according to its articles of incorporation. At the bicycle collective, members of the community can work hours in the shop in order to earn credit toward buying parts or a complete bicycle, Urbina said. The organization aims to help those who might not have the means to afford transportation earn it for themselves. “It feels great to help people,” said Jesus Urbina, a BICAS cashier of around three years. According to data gathered by the National Center for Charitable Statistics, the number of nonprofit organizations in Arizona has increased by 22.7 percent between 2003 and 2013, which is nearly double the nationwide increase of 11.8 percent in the same time frame. Michael Mandel, a lecturer in business communication and associate director of Eller Social Innovation for the UA Eller College of Management, said that this trend reflects what he sees at work at the local level in Tucson. “There’s a clear need. Tucson is one of the poorest cities of its size in the country, and the people who live here definitely recognize there are a unique set of needs attached to that level of poverty,” Mandel said. Though he saw a substantial dip in nonprofits around 2008 as a result of the economic downturn, Mandel said that the nonprofit sector in Tucson has largely recovered, something he largely attributes to individuals who donate to charitable organizations. “There is a very generous donor base within the city of Tucson and the surrounding Pima County area who want to see people succeed throughout the region,” Mandel said. BICAS’ organizational model, in particular, sets it apart from many nonprofit organizations through its collectively run structure. “A collectively run nonprofit is an organization that seeks to improve the conditions, in some way, of their local community through a management or organizational structure in which everybody has an equal say and equal

Alex mcintyre /The Daily Wildcat

Carlyn Arteaga, a BICAS employee, left, assists Ernisto Duarte, right, in patching a hole in his inner tube at BICAS on Tuesday, Oct. 27. Operating as a collective nonprofit, the shop allows people to use community tools and purchase bike parts for low cost as a service to the public.

voice,” Mandel said. Urbina agreed that the collective nature of BICAS is a major reason for the organization’s success. “I seem to find it a lot easier, like more comfortable, to say what you need to say, be more comfortable with it and actually have a word and a voice in what you feel is best,” Urbina said. There are challenges, however, with the collective model that make it unsuitable for use by every socially driven organization, according to Mandel. “The major disadvantage that I could see with that structure is it can lead to slower decision making,” he said. “More deliberate decision making isn’t a bad thing, but it can become a bad thing when it takes too long

to make a decision, particularly in response to some kind of new opportunity or new threat that arises to the organization.” However, at the grassroots level, the model does work, as evidenced by BICAS’ now 26-year run in the Tucson community. “Honestly, the people that work at a collective are mostly the people that don’t like to be told what to do by one person— like a hierarchy, like one specific boss,” Urbina said. Mandel agreed with the sentiment that a collective is sometimes a worthwhile model, despite its drawbacks. “There’s definitely a place for them. Every organization needs to make those decisions for themselves about what structure is going to be most effective in

achieving their mission,” Mandel said. “For some smaller organizations, a collective process makes more sense than something hierarchal. But it has to really align with the values of the constituent members of the organization.” As for the community-driven bicycle and art collective BICAS, Urbina finds value in the structure, as well as the work itself. “That’s a great feeling, watching somebody come in with nothing, working a couple days, a couple hours, and then leaving with a bike that they can ride around to get around to their homes or their work,” Urbina said. “It just feels nice.” — Follow Alex McIntyre @AlexMcIntyre520

News • October 28-29, 2015

POLICE BEAT BY Meghan fernandez

He’s in love with the CoCo A UA student was sent to the Pima County Jail for a minor in possession. A University of Arizona Police Department officer initially contacted the student at the Arizona Stadium after the student tried sneaking into the football game without a ticket. The event staff working the game brought the student to the officer. The student smelled of alcohol and said he was 18 years old, but said he was born in 2011 in response to the officer when asked for his age. He also told the officer he did not have any identification with him and refused to state his date of birth, thus prompting the officer to handcuff the student. The officer spotted the student’s CatCard sticking out of his pocket and was able to identify the student. The officer took the student to the command post, where he forced the student to sit in a chair after the student initially refused. On numerous occasions, the student got up off the chair and approached the officer. The student, confused, said he thought he was at his residence and wanted to speak with his roommates. The student also told a TPD officer that he recalled doing cocaine the previous night with that officer. Poppin’ pills A UA student passed out in the lobby of Coronado Residence Hall after drinking and taking Xanax. A UAPD officer arrived at Coronado and approached the male student, who was combative with the Emergency Medical Services respondents and the resident assistants at the scene. Tucson Fire Department was also there to medically evaluate the student. The student informed TFD officials that he drank vodka and took Xanax at the Sigma Chi fraternity house. TFD cleared the student and walked him up to his room. The officer then spoke with the student and told him about his citation and release for a minor in possession of alcohol. At this point, the student became agitated and said the officer could not arrest him, as he was only campus police. The officer responded and said if he did not sign off on the citation, then he would arrest him. The student complied and signed the citation.

The Daily Wildcat • B5


October 28-29, 2015 • Page B6 Editor: Patrick O’Connor science@dailywildcat.com (520) 621-3106 twitter.com/dailywildcat

Students present at neuro-conference BY Connie Tran

The Daily Wildcat

Approximately 25 UA undergraduates attended the 2015 Society for Neuroscience meeting, held Oct. 17-21 in Chicago’s McCormick Place. Also in attendance were approximately 29,000 clinicians, researchers, engineers and others in the field of neuroscience. The conference is held annually and moves from location to location across the country to places such as San Diego and Washington, D.C. “The conference feels a lot like a massive neuroscience theme park,” said Alison Comrie, a junior studying neuroscience and cognitive science. “Instead of exploring [Mickey’s] Toontown, we traverse hundreds of research posters in rows that would fill a football field; we get our adrenaline rushes not from California Screamin’, but from speeding from one talk on Alzheimer’s therapies to the next talk on manipulating memories through

genetic methods.” For some students, funding for the trip was a big issue. Costs such as flight tickets, hotels and conference fees amounted to approximately $1,000 dollars, according to Lindsey Chew, a sophomore studying neuroscience and cognitive science. Some had the trip funded by organizations such as the Neuroscience and Cognitive Science Summer Research Program and Nu Rho Psi, the national honor society for neuroscience, among others. Eleven students were able to attend the conference thanks to financial support from the Associated Students of the University of Arizona. Chew’s trip was funded by a combination of support from Nu Rho Psi, an Honors Alumni Legacy Grant from the Honors College and even her research lab. Chew traveled to the conference with a postdoctoral fellow from her lab named Aubin Moutal, who traveled to the conference in search of collaboration. “One of the key things that [my lab was] looking for was collaboration

with different labs all over the world, especially sharing different kinds of materials, … things that take a lot of work to create, like plasmids and purifying proteins.” Chew said. “It’s very time consuming, but if we have something they can use and they have something we can use, then we can … build a relationship internationally and foster international science.” Some students even had the chance to present at the conference. “Just knowing that these people have decades of knowledge on top of me, it puts the pressure on, but it’s amazing to see them understand your research and to see the questions they’ll ask you,” said Kendra Liu, a senior studying neuroscience and cognitive science. “It’s interesting to have that exchange of knowledge and, honestly, that’s what [Society for Neuroscience] is all about. It can help you as a scientist but also propel your project into new directions.” Posters from undergraduates made up a small population of the posters presented at the Society for Neuroscience meeting, although

courtesy of cathy tran

Cathy Tran sits above the Society for Neuroscience’s poster fair at their 2015 conference in Chicago on Oct. 21. Tran is one of the many UA undergraduates who attended the conference.

anyone from the neuroscience community is able to apply to present their poster during the conference. “I think that really goes back to why the UA is such a top-tier research school, because undergraduate students have this opportunity to participate in research, be a fundamental, integral part of a lab and actually answer questions that no one has asked before,”

Liu said. “Because of that opportunity, the quality and the way we approach research is equivalent to graduate students. That’s why undergraduates at UA really have a presence at [the Society for Neuroscience].” — Follow Connie Tran @urgirlconnie

DNA can convict and save innocent people BY Elizabeth Hannah The Daily Wildcat


ver the course of the last two decades, the use of DNA evidence has become a central component of the U.S. criminal justice system. In 1987, Tommie Lee Andrews became the first person convicted on the basis of DNA testing in the U.S. when he was found guilty of rape and sentenced to more than twenty years in prison. Today, law enforcement agencies regularly rely on large DNA databases to conduct criminal investigations, and defense attorneys frequently use DNA testing to show that innocent people have been wrongfully convicted. As gun violence in the U.S. continues to rise, DNA evidence will undoubtedly be featured prominently in a slate of upcoming trials. With this in mind, it is worth exploring the use of DNA evidence as a practical legal tool—not simply as a plotline in “CSI.” Unlike other forensic methods, such as

fingerprinting and bite-mark analysis, DNA has been hailed for its accuracy. “There is no doubt that, when compared to every other forensic science discipline—ballistics testimony, fingerprints, bite mark evidence, tool mark evidence, blood spatter—DNA testing is vastly more reliable,” said Jason Kreag, a UA law professor and former attorney for the Innocence Project in New York City. “It is the only forensic discipline that can consistently match crime scene evidence to an individual.” As Kreag went on to explain, DNA testing is unique among the forensic disciplines in that it was originally developed for academic purposes. Researchers independently studied DNA for reasons outside the realm of criminal justice, and they validated DNA analysis methods in a scientific manner. Techniques like ballistics analysis and fingerprint identification, in contrast, lack the same academic pedigree. Law enforcement officials developed most forensic methods for the sole purpose of solving crimes, and they did not necessarily adhere to the same high research standards as those who developed ways to analyze DNA. Though founded on fundamental scientific

principles, it would be remiss not to acknowledge potential problems with DNA testing, as it is used in the criminal justice system. Indeed, one often-overlooked source of error in DNA testing is human fallibility. Mishandling samples, misinterpreting results and incorrectly reporting results can lead to erroneous convictions. For example, there have been documented instances of laboratories accidentally switching the reference samples of the victim and the defendant. It goes without saying that any conviction born from swapped DNA samples would be obscenely unjust. “There are, of course, limitations to DNA evidence,” Kreag said. “Crime scene evidence, for example, is sometimes not like laboratory evidence. You might get a very partial DNA profile from a crime scene, which decreases its probative value as evidence.” DNA evidence has two chief applications in the criminal justice system. Its first and most obvious application is for the identification of suspects. As seen on “CSI,” biological samples from crime scenes can be used to identify people present at the time of the offense. These samples can then, of course, be used to help prove that a suspect is guilty.

Second, and perhaps more importantly, defendants can use DNA evidence to prove their innocence, both during and after a trial. Though we often proclaim our legal system to be a flawless model of justice, the reality is that prosecutors charge innocent people and juries make mistakes. DNA testing provides a mechanism to help the truth shine through the murky waters of the criminal justice system. “The exact same power that DNA gives law enforcement ... to solve crimes has provided a way for people who are accused of crimes to prove their innocence,” Kreag explained. “Even though probably less than 10 percent of criminal cases hinge on DNA evidence, the DNA innocence cases should give us all pause. We should realize that there are probably more out there like them.” As the recent series of gun violence cases unfold in the criminal justice system, forensic evidence will surely come into play. Ultimately, a few defendants might find their futures resting on the information contained in the deceivingly simple double helix known as DNA. — Follow Elizabeth Hannah @ehannah10

The Daily Wildcat • B7

October 28-29, 2015



Walk or bike to class Private bedrooms & bathrooms

86% of UA students drink one night or less per week. (2015 Health & Wellness Survey, n=2,705)

Why do people get the spins and how can you make it stop? The “why” and “how” are frequently asked questions and while you can find many causation theories out there, there is no evidence beyond good guesses as to why drinkers get the spins. For those readers who’ve never experienced this, it’s best described as feeling as if the room is spinning uncontrollably, leading to feeling nauseous and likely followed by vomiting. Think of it as an extreme hangover symptom. People who have experienced the spins have nothing good to say about it.

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Drinking too much can lead to room spins but researchers are not 100% sure how the process works. A common theory (simplified here) involves tiny, tiny hairs in the swollen inner ear that send an electric signal to nerves – which in turn signal the brain, creating a sense of motion. You experience it as a spinning sensation. Another theory is that tiny eye muscles convulse with excessive alcohol use,

leading to an equilibrium imbalance. The other part of the answer is that there is no “cure” or way to make it stop once the spinning starts, as time is the only answer to getting back from this abyss. In other words, waiting for your high Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) to lower will get the spins to stop. Some sufferers have offered suggestions that help them but there’s no evidence to support they work. The Red Cup Q&A offers them in the event it helps you feel a bit better: drink water, sit down, or lie down with at least one foot on the floor to ground yourself, and don’t look at the moving ceiling fan! And stop drinking (actually, you’ll be too sick to accept further drink offers). Anecdotal evidence from drinker selfreports indicates they experience spins when they drink too much or more than usual. It’s your body’s way of saying “enough.” Prevention is definitely the way to go on this one.

Got a question about alcohol? Email it to redcup@email.arizona.edu

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The Red Cup Q&A is written by Lynn Reyes, LCSW, LISAC, David Salafsky, MPH, Lee Ann Hamilton, MA, CHES, Spencer Gorin, RN, and Christiana Clauson, MPH, in the Health Promotion and Preventive Services (HPPS) department of the UA Campus Health Service.

B8 • The Daily Wildcat

Science • October 28-29, 2015

New science study abroad arrives in Italy BY Bailey Bellavance The Daily Wildcat

Open-source geologic data analysis from a cafe in Italy? The UA Office of Global Initiatives says yes. UA Global Initiatives has just unveiled its newest program geared toward, though not exclusively to, geology students acquiring and analyzing Earth observation data sets. The program, called Accessible Earth, takes place in Orvieto, Italy, over the course of six weeks during the summer. The goal of the program is to help upper-division undergraduates and early career graduate students use open-source software and data science technologies to perform innovative geologic research. The program can replace Field Camp, the traditional capstone for geology students, which is mostly mapping. Instead, Accessible Earth lets students use more computer-based analysis. The first-time program is being led by Rick Bennett, a UA geoscience professor who specializes in tectonics and geodesy, the latter of which deals with measuring fundamental

properties of the Earth: geometry, gravitational fields and orientation in space. Accessible Earth will allow students to learn various software tools for mapping, interactive analysis and online scientific collaboration relevant in today’s modern scientific community. The software utilized is open source and can be accessed by anyone at any time from anywhere in the world for free, making the course’s technology truly accessible. The technologies being utilized in Accessible Earth are rarely taught to undergraduate students, and Bennett is hoping to change that. According to Bennett, when students begin graduate school, there is a steep learning curve when it comes to these programs and it can take students one to two years to fully learn this type of software. But having experience at the undergraduate level can help prepare students for their future education. “People can synthesize all the knowledge they learned but can also gain tools when they go to grad school or even a job,” Bennet said. “[They can] just hit the ground running and

outpace all of their peers.” Accessible Earth is accessible in another respect. Bennett is working with Diedre Lamb, senior access consultant for the UA Disability Resource Center, to create a fully accessible UA study abroad program for all students. “[The DRC] had the opportunity to work with the geosciences department to help create a class and remove barriers ahead of time,” Lamb said. “We consider all known barriers so all the participants have as much access as possible.” Accessible Earth isn’t totally confined to computers, though. Students attending will also have the opportunity to explore other geologic marvels on a five-day field trip during the program. The field trip includes a visit to the Italian Alps and Venice to observe modern-day costal hazards. Students will also see firsthand the tectonics of the Mediterranean region and pay a special visit to Ötzi the Neolithic iceman, an extremely wellpreserved mummy from 3300 BCE. In addition to learning scientific data technologies and exploring the geology of Italy, students have the

Alex Mcintyre/The Daily Wildcat

UA study abroad students gaze at frescos alongside other visitors inside the Duomo di Orvieto in Orvieto, Italy, on Wednesday, May 27. Starting in summer 2016, students can spend six weeks in Orvieto researching geosciences on the Accessible Earth trip.

opportunity to immerse themselves in rich Italian culture, exploring the country on their own with access to famous museums, Renaissance architecture and the beautiful Italian countryside. Bennett said he also hopes the class can participate in activities

such as cooking classes that are not necessarily tied to science and are aimed toward increasing diversity awareness.

— Follow Bailey Bellavance @WCbellavance

Biosphere 2 helps craft K-12 curriculum BY Varuska Patni

The Daily Wildcat

On Oct. 17-18, Biosphere 2 hosted a workshop for UA students, Biosphere 2 faculty and local teachers to help develop a sustainability curriculum for K-12 students. Every year, over 100,000 people visit Biosphere 2, and 10,000 of them are K-12 students. Biosphere 2 already gives curriculum lessons to students, but this workshop was specifically geared toward creating a curriculum to teach students about sustainability, using the special resources available at Biosphere 2. Kevin Bonine, director of education and outreach for Biosphere 2 and director of outreach initiatives for the UA College of Science, said the goal of the workshop was to develop lessons that have “real-life questions related to sustainability that integrate lots of disciplines.” After completing an online application, participants, including students from a variety of majors and backgrounds, were selected to participate. A number of them were in the College of Science and the College of Engineering, particularly from the biosystems engineering program. The workshop began with participants looking at Project WET, a foundation that promotes STEM and water education and that offers examples of sustainability curricula

Alex Mcintyre/The Daily Wildcat

The setting sun shines through the Biosphere 2. The structure, resembling a greenhouse, once supported a materially isolated system of life, including an ocean, rainforest, savanna and more.

already in use. Selected curricula from Project WET incorporate different areas of math and science while connecting the lessons to sustainability. For example, one lesson has students demonstrate they can use rainfall amounts and roof surface area to determine which crops grow and to think even further about food choices based on water availability and calorie levels. After using Project WET as inspiration, each team defined sustainability and stated what they believed to be the most crucial components of the topic.

Eventually, participants reached a consensus on a definition for sustainability and which topics would be necessary to the curriculum. Participants also took a tour of Biosphere 2 and observed its current research, the different biomes represented within it and other assets of Biosphere 2 that could be used for teaching opportunities in the curriculum. After the tour, the participants were placed into groups to create lesson plans. Some lesson topics revolved around different topics in sustainability such as water harvesting and conservation, food production, carbon cycling

and the role of biodiversity. “[The] idea was to come up with handson, inquiry-based lessons to teach kids about sustainability,” Bonine said. Lesson plan templates included an objective, a description, a list of materials, the cost of supplies, supplementary materials and the next-generation science standards that the lessons would cover. Between six and nine lessons were created that are almost ready to be taught, with preparations for the K-12 students coming in the spring. According to Bonine, the teachers who completed the workshop said they enjoyed collaborating with the latest and greatest in these fields during the workshop. UA students who recently took courses in some of the science subjects had more updated knowledge than teachers who learned it years ago. Thus, there was a collaboration of content knowledge expertise on the students’ part with knowledge from the teachers of how to best teach these ideas according to Bonine. Additionally, many students who participated expressed interest in science education, allowing the teachers in attendance to serve as mentors. — Follow Varuska Patni @varzi1010

The Daily Wildcat • B9

October 28-29, 2015


HALLOWEENand2015 beyond… Greek or Treat Wednesday, Oct. 28, 5-7 p.m. UA Mall across from CC’s Coffee in the UA Memorial Union. Come in your favorite costume for an evening of safe trick – or treating and fun games! Supervised by UA police to provide a safe, fun environment for parents and children.

Kingdom, Cameron Mackintosh’s spectacular new production of Andrew Lloyd Webber’s phenomenal musical success will come to Tucson. The beloved story and thrilling score will be performed by a cast and orchestra of 52, making this PHANTOM one of the largest productions now on tour.

UA Downtown Lecture Series - ‘The Dark Immortality of the Vampire’ Wednesday, Oct. 28, 6:30 p.m. Fox Tucson Theatre, 17 W. Congress St. Jerrold Hogle, University Distinguished English Professor, explores the evolution of the vampire from evil to good (and even sexy) in some fictions and films toward the end of the 20th century. What does this change say about our modern social and cultural values? Part of the UA College of Social and Behavioral Sciences’ Downtown Lecture Series on immortality.

27th Annual Buckelew Farm Pumpkin Festival & Corn Maze Oct. 24-25, 10 a.m.- 5 p.m. Buckelew Farms, 17000 W. Ajo Way. $4 for the festival, $15-20 for the corn maze. Tractor-drawn wagon rides into pumpkin fields to pick your own and a haunted cornfield that winds through 11 acres of corn at Buckelew Farm. Open on the last three Saturday-Sunday weekends in October.

‘Performance, Publicity and Polemic: The Politics of Exorcism in Post-Reformation England’ Friday, Oct. 30, 3 p.m. Marshall Building, Rm 340. guest lecture by Peter Lake, University Distinguished Professor of History, Professor of the History of Christianity and Martha Rivers Ingram Chair of History at Vanderbilt University. Exorcism as a site for the performance of the spiritual power and truth claims of various rival religious styles and the different media used to project that power to a series of wider audiences. Spooktacular Science Weekend Oct. 30Nov. 1. Please check website for days/times. Flandrau Science Center and Planetarium, 1601 E. University Blvd. Admission: Science Center Exhibits/UA Mineral Museum & 1 Planetarium or Laser Show: Adults: $14, Children 4-17: $10, Children 3/Under: Free; Senior/Military/College Students (w/ID): $10, Additional Shows $3 Join the hair-raising fun and special Halloween activities at the Flandrau Science Center where everyone gets to be a Mad Scientist! And don’t miss the Halloween laser music show favorite “Fright Lights” in the planetarium theater. Celebrating the Moon Tree Friday, Oct. 30, 4:30 p.m. The UA’s Moon Tree is an American Sycamore located between Kuiper Space Sciences Building and Flandrau Science Center and Planetarium (UA Mall near Cherry Ave.) It was grown from a seed that travelled to the moon on the Apollo 14 space mission in 1971. NASA documents it as one of only 64 surviving moon trees worldwide. The event will include remarks from Jack Roosa, son of Apollo 14 astronaut Stuart Roosa. Hosted by UA Campus Arboretum, UA Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, and UA Poetry Center. Screening of the “Desert Moon” film follows at 6 p.m., and a star party on the UA Mall from 6:30-10 p.m., hosted by the Tucson Amateur Astronomy Association, wraps up the evening. THE PHANTOM OF THE OPERA Oct. 21-Nov. 1, UA Centennial Hall Following an acclaimed sold-out tour of the United

Nightfall at Old Tucson Nightfall, ThursdaysSundays through Oct. 31. Old Tucson , 201 S. Kinney Rd., Does your average Halloween haunted house leave you wanting? Come to the one and only real haunted town ... Nightfall! Bury yourself in a totally terrifying town with outrageous live shows, disturbing haunts, and a collection of hideous live characters, including the Gargoyles! Old Tucson is transformed into the haunted township. Please see website for details. Halloweek at Hotel Congress thru Oct. 30, Hotel Congress, 311 E. Congress St., Check website for times and prices. Hotel Congress hosts an Halloween party with costume contests, live music, freaks and geeks, and live bands every Thursday and Friday in October. Beware of Voodoo and Black Magic, Nightmare on Congress and a spooky, scary Halloween blow out on Saturday, October 31st. 8:00 PM. Must be 21 and older to attend. Howl at the Cave Oct. 30-31, 6-9 p.m. Colossal Cave Mountain Park, 16721 E. Old Spanish Trail, Vail. Admission: $8 adults; $5 kids; $20 family (2 adults, 2 kids) Creep into the night with haunted tour of ancient Colossal Cave and haunted hayrides at ghostly La Posta Quemada Ranch, Games, youth costume contest, food and candy. The Rocky Horror Picture Show 40th Anniversary Saturday, Oct. 31, The Loft Cinema, 3233 E. Speedway Blvd. 7 p.m. Sing-A-Long $10; 11 p.m. Halloween Bash $6. Pre-show games, a scarifying Virgin Sacrifice and some monstrous prize giveaways. Come dressed in your best Halloween costume for a Grand Prize. Halloween Pet Dress-Up Fair Sunday, Oct. 25, 11 a.m.-1 p.m.. Cat Mountain Station, 2740 S. Kinney Rd., Free admission. Local pet-oriented vendors, pet adoption, petting zoo, costume contests, prizes, raffle, treats, and refreshments. Come in costume and dress-up your four-legged friends to participate in fun costume contests. Judging at 12:30 p.m.

Haunted Ruins: A Witch’s Quest Oct. 2325, Oct. 28-30. Valley of the Moon, 2544 E. Allen Rd., Dates Vary, check website; 6-8:40 p.m. Adults $10, kids 15 and under FREE. A 35-40 minute walking tour through Valley of the Moon during October. This year’s story is about a young witch with a lot to learn about the difference between good and evil. Come in costume for an extra special good time. Fort Lowell Haunted Histories Saturday, Oct. 31, 11 a.m.-3 p.m. Arizona Historical Society- Fort Lowell Museum, 2900 N Craycroft Road. Free admission. The Arizona Historical Society hosts Fort Lowell Haunted Histories day with stories, games and prizes. Family fun for all ages. HalloWEEn at The Mini Time Machine thru Oct. 31. The Mini Time Machine Museum of Miniatures , 4455 E. Camp Lowell, Tues-Sat: 9 a.m.-4 p.m., Sun: noon – 4 p.m., Admission: General $9; Senior (65 or older)/Military $8; Youth (ages 4-17) $6; Children 3 and under FREE Museum decorated for Halloween throughout October. Explore haunting miniatures with a ghostly gallery guide. Howl-O-Ween at Reid Park Zoo Thru Oct. 25. Reid Park Zoo 1100 S. Randolph Way, 6-8 p.m.; open 5:30 p.m. for Members. $9 admission for all ages (except infants not trick or treating); $7 Zoo Members. The Reid Park Zoo’s family-friendly Halloween event offers less “boo” and more “zoo” to provide the entire family with an enjoyable, but not too frightening, celebration. Enjoy costumed characters and decorations galore as you stroll down the paths of the Zoo. Fall Pumpkin Celebration & Corn Maze Oct. 24-25, 9 a.m.5- p.m. Apple Annie’s Produce and Pumpkins , 6405 W. Williams Road, Willcox. Pick your own pumpkins,

fall vegetables, and apples and roam the corn maze. Pumpkins of all sizes, shapes and colors are available for picking and at our stand. Come early for an “All-You-Can-Eat” pancake breakfast, 8:30-10:30 a.m., or the Apple Smoked Burger lunch 11:30 a.m.-4 p.m.; both meals are served at our orchard location. Remember a jacket, fall days can be quite cool in Willcox. Dia de los Muertos at Tohono Chul through Nov. 8, 9 a.m.-5 p.m. Tohono Chul Main Gallery 7366 N Paseo del Norte. $5 members | $10 adults; $8 senior; $5 military; $3 children 5-12; under 5 Free. Tohono Chul celebrates El Dia de los Muertos with an exhibition featuring the ways artists honor and enliven the ancient traditions and modern flair that have become a rich part of Tucson’s cultural heritage. Banda Calaca: Dia De Los Muertos Altar through Jan. 3, 2016. Tucson Museum of Art and Historic Block 140 N. Main Ave., Tues, Wed, Fri, Sat, 10 a.m.-5 p.m.; Thurs. 10 a.m.-8 p.m.; Sun, noon-5 p.m. Admission: $12 Adult, $10 Seniors (ages 65+), $7 College Student with ID and Youth (13-17); Free for Children (12 and under), Veterans and Museum members. Mexico’s traditional Dia de los Muertos celebration is represented with the mixed media installation, “Banda Calaca,” a community memorial altar created by Tucson artist Hank Tusinski. All Souls Procession Weekend Nov. 7- 8. Many Mouths One Stomach presents the All Souls Procession Weekend: Procession of Little Angels and Night of the Living Fest (Saturday), and All Souls Procession and Dance of the Dead (Sunday). The Procession is a 2-mile (roughly 2-hour), human-powered, one-of-akind ceremonial march through downtown Tucson that ends with a celebratory ritual featuring the burning of a gigantic urn filled with messages, prayers, and remembrances provided by participants near and far. Gather at 6th Avenue & 7th Street in Tucson, AZ (or anywhere along the route) and then walk to Congress & Avenida del Convento.

B10 • The Daily Wildcat

The Daily Wildcat • B11

B12 • The Daily Wildcat

October 28-29, 2015

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VS BY Justin Spears The Daily Wildcat

It’s week nine and there’s still quarterback controversy for Rich Rodriguez. The argument about who should start between Anu Solomon and Jerrard Randall is the hot topic this week after Arizona fell to Washington State 45-42 in what should’ve been an easy home win. Solomon had his glory days as the starting quarterback, but hasn’t been conducting the offense the same way he did as a freshman. He completed 12 of

October 28-29, 2015 • Page B13 Editor: Dominic Baciocco sports@dailywildcat.com (520) 621-2956 twitter.com/dailywildcat

Anu Solomon and Jerrard Randall are deadlocked in a feisty quarterback controversy. The only problem for the Wildcats? It’s week nine

20 passes for 145 yards, and the Wildcats were desperate to get back into the game after Wazzu was preparing to run away with the win. Rodriguez inserted the magician who is Randall and, even though Arizona lost, Randall still brought the Wildcats back into the game. The argument that Randall can’t throw the ball is out the window. The gunslinger went 11 of 16 for 137 yards and threw two touchdowns against Washington State. The redshirt senior also added 108 yards on the ground with 10 attempts. So if Randall is producing better numbers, plus nearly saving the day from the mess

Zi Yang Lai/The Daily Wildcat

Arizona quarterback Anu Solomon (12) fights off a sack during the Wildcats’ loss to Washington on Saturday, Oct. 24. Solomon threw for 145 yards on 12 of 20 passing before giving way to backup Jerrard Randall (8).

Solomon keeps making, why wouldn’t Rodriguez start Randall this week? Rodriguez has to at least try it once without Solomon being hurt first. Who knows, maybe this is exactly what Solomon and the Wildcats need. Seeing the offense with a new quarterback is like seeing an ex-significant other with a new partner: It could possibly light a fire. Arizona is sitting at 5-3 and needs one more win to become bowl-eligible, and if Randall is the answer, then expect No. 8 to be the first one to run out onto the field on Halloween night. — Follow Justin Spears @JustinESports

BY Kyle Hansen

The Daily Wildcat

Arizona is now faced with even more soul-searching after a heartbreaking loss to Washington State. The team has a tough road game this week against a Washington team that arguably boasts one of the best defenses in the conference right now. With three losses already on the record and four tough upcoming games, the Wildcats have to make changes. However, one factor should remain the same. Anu Solomon should continue to start at quarterback. Solomon has yet to prove that he has lost the starting job; he has looked fine in each

game that he has played so far this season. Jerrard Randall is undoubtedly exciting to watch; however, his skill set brings far fewer options to the table. Solomon’s passing is his greatest attribute. The receiving corps the Wildcats have is too talented not to be used. Randall is a decent passer, but if anyone remembers the Stanford or UCLA games, he’s far more inconsistent than Solomon. I’m not saying the Wildcats should keep Randall on the bench all season. He’s a unique talent whose big-play ability cannot be ignored. However, Solomon is much better rounded and should continue to lead this offense with the aim to get this football season back on track. — Follow Kyle Hansen @K_Hansen42

Best of the best: ‘Cats ready for dense Pac-12 BY hunter mcadams The Daily Wildcat

The Arizona men’s and women’s cross-country teams will be traveling to Colfax, Washington, to compete in the Pac-12 Cross Country Championships. The championships will take place Friday and will be hosted by Washington State at the Colfax Golf Club. Arizona associate head coach James Li said he is looking forward to the event and knows his team is prepared heading into the meet. “We’ve been training

pretty hard this week,” Li said. “We have a few more days to go until the Pac-12 Championships and if our kids can keep improving, we’ll be okay.” The Pac-12 Championships will arguably be the most competitive meet the Wildcats have competed in this season, since the Pac-12 Conference is one of the best conferences in the nation when it comes to cross-country. Li was asked early in the season about the level of competition in the Pac-12. “The Pac-12 is really, really great,” Li said. “We repeatedly have five teams in the top 25 in

the country. The Pac-12 is the most competitive conference in the country.” Li said this at the beginning of September, and he was correct. There are currently six Pac-12 men’s teams and five women’s teams in the top 25. The Arizona runners have been keying in on their all-season main focus in preparation for the Pac-12 Championships. “The main focus is for each runner to make improvements,” Li said. “Cross-country boils down to individual performances. If


Courtesy of Arizona Athletics

Collins Kibet (17) runs the course at the 2015 Dave Murray Invitational on Friday, Sept. 18. The junior from Kenya will compete in his third Pac-12 Cross Country Championships this week.

B14 • The Daily Wildcat

Sports • October 28-29, 2015

Burdett and Estopare create dream duo BY Ryan Kelapire The Daily Wildcat


Skadsen said of Burdett. “And it’s been really nice having someone behind me that can see what I can’t see, and so she can relay things to me and I can relay them out. And it’s been really helpful.” Burdett is ahead of the game and it was not a surprise to Arizona’s coaching staff. “She’s good, and we knew she would be good,” Amato said. “She’s a true freshman, and she came here last January. She graduated high school early and we saw that she could be a top goalkeeper in this league.” He’s not wrong. Burdett has quickly become one of the best keepers in the Pac-12 Conference, boasting the fifth-best goals against average (.88) in the

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Arizona goalkeeper Lainey Burdett (1) kicks the ball out of the penalty box during the WIldcats’ 2-1 win over Oregon State on Murphy Field at Mulcahy Soccer Stadium on Sunday, Oct. 25. The Wildcats improved to 11-4-1, including a 5-3 Pac-12 Conference record with their win over the Beavers.

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conference this season. The Wildcats are also 8-2-1 when she starts. The true freshman is the team’s best goalie, but don’t overlook Estopare. The redshirt freshman has played roughly half the minutes Burdett has and hasn’t been as effective overall, posting a 1.33 goals against average. Estopare still represents another highquality option that Amato can go with in net. Arizona found just how valuable that is when Estopare shut out both Washington and California—two ranked teams—and made 14 saves while Burdett was nursing an injury. Having two goalies of Estopare’s and Burdett’s caliber has created competition between the two and has


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ormer Arizona women’s soccer goalkeeper Gabby Kaufman played in net for 1,937 minutes for the Wildcats last season. In other words, she played every minute but two. Kaufman graduated after last season, and the team didn’t have another keeper with as much collegiate experience. Arizona head coach Tony Amato decided to go with two freshman keepers in 2015: Lainey Burdett and Rachel Estopare. Neither Burdett nor Estopare are your typical freshmen, though. Burdett graduated high school a semester early and was able to join the team in January, while Estopare redshirted in 2014 and already has a year of training under her belt. The goalkeeping duo was naturally more seasoned than most freshmen and it was evident early this year. The Wildcats started the season with a program-best 5-0 record as the freshman combo allowed just one goal in that span. While both received ample time in net, Burdett played 297 minutes, while Estopare played 153. Amato liked what he saw from both, but Burdett was just a step ahead. “[Lainey] and Rachel, we have a lot of confidence in,” Amato said after the team’s win against Santa Clara in August. “The only difference right now is that Lainey is able to manage the game and make the big save, and Rachel, right now, is managing and making the saves she needs to make. Lainey just edged her in big saves in training.” Part of managing the game for a goalie is helping the defenders in front of her, which is something Burdett excels at. “Being the goalie, … you can really see the whole field and everything ahead of you,” senior defender Sheaffer

pushed them to become better players. “During practice throughout the week, we just always challenge each other and it’s very competitive and it’s a fun environment to be around,” Burdett said. “It’s not always bad because you’re always ready and have to be prepared.” Burdett and Estopare recognize their special relationships and thrive off it in game-time situations. “We’ve kind of built in this thing where both her and I are always ready [to play],” Estopare said. “[Burdett] and I support each other a lot, so it’s really easy to come into the game and be ready to go.” The outstanding goalkeeping the duo has provided this season has led to

seven shutouts and is a major reason why the program is on the verge of having its first winning conference record since 2004. “This season has been awesome,” Burdett said. “Coming out with five [conference] wins already and having three games coming up … and hopefully making it to the tournament would top things off.” The scary part for other Pac-12 schools is that both still have three more years of eligibility. It won’t be easy to score against Arizona in the foreseeable future. — Follow Ryan Kelapire @RKelapireUA


The Daily Wildcat

The Daily Wildcat • B15

Sports • October 28-29, 2015

Staff picks: Can Warriors repeat? BY Ross Olson

BY Chris Deak

The Daily Wildcat

The Daily Wildcat

MVP: Kevin Durant Rookie of the Year: Jahlil Okafor Sixth Man of the Year: Lou Williams Coach of the Year: Billy Donovan Western Conference Champion: Oklahoma City Thunder Eastern Conference Champion: Cleveland Cavaliers NBA Champion: Oklahoma City Thunder The Oklahoma City Thunder lost to LeBron James and the Miami Heat in the 2012 NBA Finals and haven’t been back since. This season will be their best chance to return to the Finals, but this time, they will win it all. Free agent-to-be Kevin Durant is back and healthy after missing most of last season with a foot injury. Durant rejoins a team that is bigger and deeper than ever after resigning forwards Enes Kanter and Kyle Singler, and drafting point guard Cameron Payne and forward Dakari Johnson. The Thunder failed to make the playoffs last season despite impeccable play by point guard Russell Westbrook. The team brought in successful collegiate coach Billy Donovan to take the reins of the team and lead them to victory.

MVP: James Harden Rookie of the Year: Kristaps Porzingis Sixth Man of the Year: Isaiah Thomas Coach of the Year: Brad Stevens Western Conference Champion: San Antonio Spurs Eastern Conference Champion: Cleveland Cavaliers NBA Champion: Cleveland Cavaliers The Cavaliers have a chance to dominate the NBA this year and go wire to wire as the best team in the league. The Cavs were an NBA best 34-9 after Jan. 15 last year after a 19-20 start. That dominant run was a result of Kevin Love, Kyrie Irving and LeBron James being healthy at the same time. The last five years have proven that James alone is enough to get you out of the Eastern Conference and if the Cavs can maintain their health through this year’s playoff run, they will be the favorites throughout the season.

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BY Hunter McAdams The Daily Wildcat

MVP: Anthony Davis Rookie of the Year: Stanley Johnson Sixth man of the year: Isaiah Thomas Coach of the Year: Jason Kidd Western Conference Champion: Golden State Warriors Eastern Conference Champion: Cleveland Cavaliers NBA Champion: Cleveland Cavaliers LeBron James will finally bring a championship home to Cleveland. Last year’s finals was on track to be one of the best ever. That was until the injury of Kyrie Irving. James and Matthew Dellavedova gave it their all, giving basketball fans an entertaining series that left viewers with nothing but respect for the efforts of James and the battered Cavaliers. The Warriors were still too much for the Cavs, taking home the championship. This year, it will be a different story. If Irving, Kevin Love and the rest of the Cavaliers can stay healthy, they will bring home the elusive championship to Cleveland. If both the Cavs and Warriors are healthy, the series could possibly go down as one of the greatest of all time.

BY Dominic Baciocco The Daily Wildcat

MVP: Stephen Curry Rookie of the Year: Emmanuel Mudiay Sixth Man of the Year: Isaiah Thomas Coach of the Year: Fred Hoiberg Western Conference Champion: Golden State Warriors Eastern Conference Champion: Chicago Bulls NBA Champion: Golden State Warriors The Warriors had what you can consider a perfect season and hardly touched their roster in the offseason. They will pick up right where they left off and continue to torch the NBA with an overwhelming starting five led by Stephen Curry, who will continue to prove why he’s the best player east of Cleveland. A veteran-led Spurs team has the ability to push them to the brink, but you can’t use inexperience to knock Steve Kerr’s squad anymore. The Bulls can win the excuse of a conference that is the East and a healthy Bulls team can snag two, maybe even three games in the Finals. Fred Hoiberg will have his team ready to give the Warriors more of a battle than LeBron James did last season, but Golden State will gain more gold come June.

Researchers who developed chest-compressiononly CPR have a new idea that could potentially improve cardiac arrest survival rates. Cardiac arrest is a major public health issue with poor survival rates. This University of Arizona Sarver Heart Center study will answer the question: Does an early heart catheterization improve survival, regardless of what an ECG shows? This study falls under FDA Guidelines – Exception from Informed Consent for Emergency Research. Patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest usually are unconscious and unable to give consent to participate in a study. Before they start this study, researchers need to inform the community about its purpose.

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B16 • The Daily Wildcat

XC Preview from page b13

everyone runs faster, then the team will do better.” This is exactly what the Arizona runners will look to do Friday. Among those runners is Collins Kibet, who placed 30th in the men’s 8K at the Pac-12 Championships last year. Kibet will look to run with the top of the pack, as he has been showcasing his ability as Arizona’s best runner this season. He holds the men’s best time for the four-mile race and the 8K this year. Kibet and the men’s team will have to go against some of

Sports • October 28-29, 2015 the nation’s best competition. ranked in the top 25, which just goes to show Colorado is what the caliber currently No. of competition is. 1 in the men’s We have a A d d i top 25 and few more Zerrenner, Molly Oregon is not Callahan and far behind, days to go Claire Green ranked No. 3. until the Pac-12 will look to help For the place men’s teams, Championships and Arizona high in the UCLA is No. if our kids can keep women’s meet. 15 in the improving, we’ll be C a l l a h a n c o u n t r y , placed 34th W a s h i n g t o n okay. and is No. 20, — James Li, overall Green placed California is UA cross-country 81st at the Pac-12 No. 21 and head coach Championships Stanford is last year. No. 23. Zerrenner was a The Pac12 has half of its men’s teams redshirt last year and did not

compete. The women’s team will also be facing tough competition with Colorado’s women listed as No. 3 in the country and Oregon’s women at No. 5. Stanford is No. 10, Washington is No. 12 and Utah rounds out the Pac-12’s top 25 showcase on the women’s side, ranked No. 19 in the country. The Pac-12 Cross Country Championships will be televised on Pac-12 Networks at 10:30 a.m. Friday.

— Follow Hunter McAdams @HunterMcWildcat



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The Daily Wildcat • B17

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Classifieds • October 28-29, 2015

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LaRgE gRoup? 6+ Bedroom available now. 2‑story, 3blocks to campus. W/D/ DW/ Fp/ fenced yard/ large bed‑ rooms. Call 398‑5738 Tammy

$450 & FREE WIFI ready now for Spring Semester! Share a 3Bdrm, 2Ba home, 1.5 mi from Campus near Sushi Gardens, El Con Mall, Reid Park. Fully equipped Kitchen, Washer/ Dryer, A/C plus ceiling fans. Large backyard with covered patio and misters. Security and parking. CALL ME 323-893-7411

FouR giRLs sEEking 5th roomate. Beautiful 2300sf, 5Bdrm, 2.5bath house. $545/mo includes cable, internet, utilities. 2901 E Blacklidge. Great neighborhood10 minute drive to campus. 7479331

FouR guys Looking for 5thlarge 5 bedroom house. 5 minute drive to campus. $499/ month - includes furnished living/ dining, aLL utilities, cable, Internet, A/C, washer/ dryer, private yard, pets okay. 747-9331

With a copy of the



Publisher’s Notice: All real estate advertised herein is subject to the Federal Fair Housing Act, which makes it illegal to advertise any preference, limitation or discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, handicap, familial status or national origin, or intention to make any such preferences, limitations or discrimination. We will not knowingly accept any advertising for real estate which is in violation of the law. All persons are hereby informed that all dwellings advertised are available on an equal opportunity basis.

B18 • The Daily Wildcat

Classifieds • October 28-29, 2015

8 6 7 3 9 2 6 5 3 8 3 1 1 8 9 4 3 8 5 6 9 5 4 3 2 8

Difficulty Level

2015 Conceptis Puzzles, Dist. by King Features Syndicate, Inc.

By Dave Green Looking FoR ThREE females to share large five bedroom house with same. $499/ month includes furnished living/ dining, ALL utilities, cable, Internet, A/C, washer/ dryer, private yard. Plenty of parking, 10 minute drive from campus, near Campbell Plaza. 747-9331


ThE RETREaT suBLEasing room for Spring Semester 4bd/ 4bath, cable/ internet included, free shuttles to UA, fully furnished all female house. $715/ month plus utillities 480-628-3979

arizona Elite Cleaners ‑ We provide house cleaning and landscaping services for residential homes. save $30 off holiday special. Learn more about us at www.arizon‑ aEliteCleaners.com Call 520‑ 207‑9699

sChRiERs spoRTs gRiLL has gigs to fill in November and December. We have live music Friday nights. Starting at 9pm. Please call 520-344-8338 and ask for Warren to get more details.

Tucson Shambhala Meditation Center Cultivate a clear mind, open heart and humor through meditation. 3250 N. Tucson Blvd. | 520-829-0108 www.tucson.shambhala.org

FALL 2015 WORSHIP SERVICES First United Methodist Church of Tucson All are welcome. LGBTQ Inclusive. God loves us all.

915 E. 4th Street Just south of UofA Main Gate

Grace Evangelical Lutheran Church (WELS) Sunday Worship 7:45 a.m. & 10 a.m. Bible Study 9 a.m. 830 N. First Ave. (520) 623-6633 www.GraceTucsonWELS.com

Rincon Congregational UCC Progressive Christianity. Open and Affirming Just Peace Church.

Sundays 8:45 a.m. (Fellowship Hall) & 10:45am (Sanctuary) 122 N. Craycroft Road 520-745-6237

LDS Church

1333 E. 2nd St. and 1540 E. Linden St. Sundays 9 a.m., 1 p.m. Classes M-F 520-623-4204 www.institute.lds.org/tucson

WELS Tucson Campus Ministry

Student Bible Study & discussion Sundays 7 p.m. 830 N. First Ave. (520) 623-6633 www.WELSTCM.com

To be a part of our Guide to Religious Services, call (520)621-3425 or email classifieds@wildcat.arizona.edu

Download KAMP Student Radio’s newest cutting edge, space age

ANDROID APP TODAY! It slices, it dices, it plays the radio!


The Daily Wildcat • B19

Comics • October 28-29, 2015 No Experience Required by Will Zandler

Come to the Delightfully Awkward by Elizabeth Robertson

Under Refurbishment by Arielle Settles

dark side...

We have the Daily Wildcat

B20 • The Daily Wildcat

October 28-29, 2015

boost your career

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Earn your master’s degree in as little as 9 months from a top-ranked business school. • Accountancy • Business Analytics • Finance • Global Logistics

• Information Management • Management • Real Estate Development • Taxation

Master’s Discovery Day Tuesday, November 19, 2015 5:30 to 7:30 p.m. ASU’s Tempe Campus #discoveryday


Profile for Arizona Daily Wildcat

The Daily Wildcat - Gun Violence issue 10.28.15  

This is the Daily Wildcat's Gun Violence issue. 10.28.15

The Daily Wildcat - Gun Violence issue 10.28.15  

This is the Daily Wildcat's Gun Violence issue. 10.28.15

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