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UA students help disabled Tucsonans

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The Daily Wildcat A UA College of Architecture, Planning & Landscape Architecture program is facilitating access for disabled students and providing them a place to relax at the Arizona State Schools for the Deaf and the Blind.

The UA chapter of AIAS Freedom by Design, a nonprofit organization, focuses on community-based design and implementation of projects for disabled and disadvantaged Tucsonans, according to William Ruoff, an architecture junior and director of the community outreach program. This year, members were focused on adding to their list of previous projects — which included


building ramps for local residents to have improved access to their homes — through an outdoor space for students located at the Arizona State Schools for the Deaf and the Blind. “We’re looking at this idea in a different way,” Ruoff said. “We’re creating a space for the kids to relax in that’s bettering their environment.” Ruoff contacted Steve McManus, assistant program director for facilities at the Arizona State Schools for the Deaf and the Blind, in September to see if there were any projects they could work on. When McManus walked the campus with Rouff, the two discussed the possibility of building a patio area where students could relax after classes.

“Sometimes, you just need to get out of your dorm room and sit and relax and chill out,” McManus said. “I think it will be a great area for them to do that.” After the initial meeting, Ruoff visited the campus again with the Freedom by Design group, who walked around and took measurements. Ruoff said program members are considering how to incorporate various sensory elements into the space, such as feeling the difference between the hot and cold spaces with the sunny and shady areas. In addition, Christopher Maltez, a fifth-year architecture student and




Contestants face off in food fight






CONNOR YOUNG, an engineering management senior, plates food for former head basketball coach Lute Olson at the Iron Chef Competition on the UA Mall on Wednesday.



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Campus heated up even more on Wednesday with the Iron Chef competition hosted at the Food Day Fair. The UA Mall was packed with Food Day Fair attendees who received free food, advice on healthy living and a chance to watch contestants face off in

the Iron Chef competition. The aim of the annual event, hosted by the Student Health Advocacy Committee and the Well University Partnership, is to spread consciousness about healthy foods and resources. “Food Day is a national day, and it’s a grassroots effort to increase awareness about healthy and sustainable foods,” said Hana Abdulaziz Feeney, a Campus Health nutrition counselor and the coordinator of the Food Day Fair. “All of these people

are working together to help people to have greater access to healthier and sustainable foods.” The Iron Chef competition was a brand new addition to the fair this year and featured two finalist teams who won a contest on Tuesday, allowing them to advance to the final competition. The purpose of the event was to get students more involved with the fair, said Kjersti Johnson, a nutritional science senior, co-coordinator for Cooking on Campus and


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Hacking leads to increased online security


Pac-12’s Scott talks DirecTV, officiating BY MEGAN COGHLAN The Daily Wildcat



Potter, Ala. Granger, Minn. Black, S.C.

74 / 46 41 / 24 65 / 39


But wouldn’t it be more transparent and honest to just ask graduate students if they want the student government constitution to explicitly define GPSC as their exclusive representative?” OPINIONS — 4


A SERVER AT THE JAMES E. ROGERS College of Law was hacked in late July. Names and social security numbers of thousands of alumni and applicants to the college may have been compromised.


The Daily Wildcat

The UA is taking steps to strengthen its online security after a hacker gained access to a web server in the James E. Rogers College of Law in July. The personal

information of thousands of former students in and former applicants to the college was mistakenly stored on the server. “That’s one of the reasons why the College of Law is taking all these


Pac-12 commissioner Larry Scott started his Saturday at the Pac-12 headquarters in Walnut Creek, Calif., flew to Tempe, Ariz., for the 3 p.m. ASU versus Washington football game and ended in Tucson at Arizona Stadium for the home football game against Utah. Scott made his rounds, catching up with the universities’ presidents, touching base with leadership and trying to get to each school for a football game. Fresh off the plane, he arrived in Arizona’s press box, ready to answer any questions the media had for him about current Pac-12 issues.

Pac-12 football officiating Pac-12 football officiating doesn’t have the best reputation. On Saturday, Scott defended the officials and claimed the issue has gotten better. Controversy has arisen recently, however, over some bad calls made by referees. The ASU-Wisconsin game in September gave the Sun Devils a victory out of a faulty call. The Utah-UCLA and StanfordWashington games also caused attention with strange calls.


PAC12 COMMISSIONER Larry Scott visited Arizona Stadium on Saturday.

“If it’s drawing attention, it’s usually not good news,” he joked. Scott said the Conference of Champions has upgraded its officiating technology and now grades the officials and has accountability, offseason training and better communication. “The state of our officiating overall, if I look at where we were four years ago to where we are today, I’m very pleased with the progress,” Scott said. “We’ve changed the leadership — the program brought in a top NFL referee, Tony Corrente.”

DirecTV disagreement Scott didn’t have any news on the DirecTV and Pac-12 Networks negotiations. DirecTV is the sole major television service without the second-year Pac-12 Networks.


2 • The Daily Wildcat

News • Thursday, October 24, 2012


food day

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one of the executive organizers for Iron Chef. When noon rolled around, the Iron Chef contestants, Team America and Kitchen Nubes, prepared to compete. The three celebrity judges also prepared their taste buds when it was revealed that cactus would be the secret ingredient for the competition that day. “I try to avoid cactus,” said Lute Olson, former UA men’s basketball coach and one of the three celebrity judges. The other two judges were Neil Houlihan, a student-athlete, and Jon Levengood, the dining services retail manager at Arizona Student Unions. Contestant number one, Team America, also known as Connor Young, stepped up to the dinner plate and served a meal of spinach salad with hardboiled eggs, strawberries and grilled bell peppers. As for the cactus, Young grilled and placed some of it into the salad, then mixed the rest in with a homemade garlic and cactus aioli dressing to top it off. He also offered a side of homemade potato chips cooked with olive oil, in order to show how chips can be healthy. The members of Kitchen Nubes mixed cactus into both a quinoa cake and a southwest frittata, according to Abby Gallett, one of the team’s leaders and a microbiology senior. Ultimately, Kitchen Nubes won over the judges and ended up the firstever winner of the Iron Chef competition. Gallett and Katie Limky, the team’s second leader and a second-year pharmacy student, each walked away with a prize basket filled with cooking utensils. “Both teams did a really good job,” Levengood said. “The secret ingredient was a tough one. Probably not a lot of people are familiar with cactus and how to bring out the flavor.” Meredith Ridinger, a nutritional sciences senior and co-coordinator for Cooking on Campus, said she was happy to see so many people show interest in the cooking competition. “People have really gotten away from cooking and being in the kitchen,” Ridinger said, “and them showing interest shows that they’d be willing to get back in the kitchen, which is really where we can control how our food is made and where it comes from.”

PHOTO courtesy of Freedom by design

Members of the UA chapter of Freedom by Design, a community outreach organization through the UA College of Architecture, plan for their current project at the Arizona State Schools for the Deaf and the Blind. The organization is working on increasing accessibility and building a patio area at the campus.

the project manager, said the group plans on integrating aspects of the space that are wheelchair- or blind-friendly for the students. For the blind students, one of the group’s ideas is a decorative wall that might feature Braille or be made of different materials to signal changes in the environment to someone following the wall by touch. “That will let you know what space they’re in, so they can know what is coming up ahead in the area,” Maltez said. McManus said the Arizona State Schools for the Deaf and the Blind have students from elementary school age to 22 years old. The students sometimes live in the dormitories due

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to the distance from their home to the school, and since the kids sometimes make their own meals, McManus said they are looking at the possibly of putting a barbecue in the patio area. “These kids are here for six weeks at a time,” McManus said. “It’s their home away from home.” McManus said the group is looking to do fundraising next and to submit design ideas to the school. Construction work is expected to start sometime in the spring. Andrew Cusick, an architecture senior and the funding chair for Freedom by Design, said the group plans out the design needs of the client and then gets funding for the project

before building it. “We’re essentially trying to utilize our skills and give back to the community of Tucson,” Cusick said. Ruoff said the organization’s projects are meant to do more than just improve accessibility. “When people think about accessibility, they think ramps and handrails and things like that,” Ruoff said, “but really, it’s about improving the lives of the community members.” — Follow Maggie Driver @Maggie_Driver

UA film screening to educate on trafficking BY Maggie Driver The Daily Wildcat

A local organization is hosting a film screening at the UA tonight in order to raise awareness about trafficking in Tucson. Sold No More is an organization that focuses on eradicating sex trafficking in Tucson. The organization also conducts awareness programs on trafficking, in addition to helping girls who are recovering trafficking victims, according to Megan Goodman, the program manager for Sold No More. Sold No More is putting on multiple events within the next few weeks to raise awareness about trafficking. The first event is the screening of a film titled “Sex + Money: A National Search for Human Worth.” The film is a documentary about sex trafficking in the U.S. and the efforts to fight it. Jessica Doehrmann, a second-year optical sciences graduate student, went to a viewing of “Sex + Money” last spring that inspired her to become involved with Sold No More. Doehrmann said she decided to host a showing of the documentary to “build awareness, because a lot of people don’t know about the injustice of sex trafficking in the United States.” Doehrmann said she thought of her younger sister when she first saw the film. “It hits home when you realize that those are the girls that are in [trafficking],” Doehrmann said. “If it was another life, that could have been my sister.” On Nov. 2, Sold No More will hold the second annual Walk 4 Freedom. The event includes a 5 km run, as well as a 2-mile walk for those who aren’t runners. There will also be other activities at the run, such as face painting and an obstacle course, according to Goodman. Proceeds from the event will benefit Sold No More and go toward launching awareness programs in all middle schools in Tucson, according to Goodman, as well as to support victims’ services. “It’s going to be a family-friendly event,” Goodman said. “We want to celebrate the work that’s been done.” The founder’s daughter was trafficked

News Tips: 621-3193 The Daily Wildcat is always interested in story ideas and tips from readers. If you see something deserving of coverage, contact news editor Stephanie Casanova at or call 621-3193.

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MEGAN GOODMAN, program manager for Sold No More, Kaelah Granger and Cinda Christensen, attend the Free to Laugh event on May 9. The event was hosted by Sold No More, an organization that aims to end trafficking in Tucson. The organization will host a film screening on campus tonight.

“It’s the number one issue that college in Tucson as a teenager, which inspired him to start Sold No More three years ago, students are passionate about right now on campuses,” Goodman said. Goodman said. Ahva Sadeghi, a political science, “He realized it was a growing problem in Tucson [and] wanted to address it so philosophy, economics and law junior, that other girls like his daughter didn’t recently founded a UA club called United, which will experience have its first that and meeting at the other families Those girls, what they live in is a beginning of didn’t go hell on Earth kind of thing, and next month. through that,” that’s the reality of their life. United is Goodman said. just one of Sold No — Jessica Doehrmann, second year many clubs More focuses optical sciences graduate student on campus mostly on that addresses prevention, and reaches out to middle school and human trafficking. “The most important thing to combat it is high school students to inform them about trafficking and how to protect themselves. creating awareness and educating people,” However, Goodman said there is a lot Sadeghi said, “because it’s a preventative of opportunity to raise awareness about measure.” Sadeghi said she was shocked when she trafficking at the university level as well.


discovered how much of a hub Tucson is for trafficking. “It’s terrifying,” Sadeghi said, “and it’s even more terrifying that we don’t know about it.” Sadeghi interned with the Peace Corps and researched cases of human trafficking last summer. Sadeghi said she spent her time at the Peace Corps in educating about trafficking and raising awareness, which inspired her to educate more people about all realms of human rights. “Because of my understanding of how important education is, I thought I could also educate other students,” Sadeghi said, “and I have a great platform at the U of A and the resources to be able to do so.” The Internet is being used to facilitate the trafficking that is happening in town, and social media is a main factor in finding girls for trafficking, Goodman said. Doehrmann said the trafficking business is thriving and that unless people know about it, it won’t stop. It’s everyone’s responsibility to become aware of trafficking issues and act on them, Doehrmann added. “Those girls — what they live in is a hell on Earth kind of thing, and that’s the reality of their life,” Doehrmann said. “As soon as you find out about it, you can no longer be ignorant. You can no longer say that you didn’t know.” — Follow Maggie Driver @Maggie_Driver

If you go: Sex + Money: A National Search for Human Worth Integrated Learning Center Room 120 Thursday, 7 p.m. to 9 p.m. Walk 4 Freedom Reid Park, 955 S. Lakeshore Lane Saturday, 8 a.m. to noon

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News • Thursday, October 24, 2013


Miss Indian Arizona thanks Ak-Chin community for win naturally to Garcia, who said she believes community involvement and giving back are incredibly UA pre-physiology freshman important. Garcia’s aunt Yolanda Miranda, Alyssa Garcia was crowned Miss Indian Arizona on Oct. 12, an a truant officer for the Ak-Chin achievement that she credits in community, said she is proud of Garcia’s involvement and her large part to her community. Garcia became the first Ak- niece’s pageant win. “She’s involved in a lot of things,” Chin Indian community member to participate in the Miss Indian Miranda said. “We are a tiny Scholarship Program. Although community, but she put us on the Garcia said she put a great deal of map. I’m just so proud of her.” Now that she has won Miss time and effort into preparing for the pageant, she was still shocked Indian Arizona, Garcia will serve when she found out she won the as an ambassador for all Arizona tribes, traveling to Arizona Indian crown. “I was so surprised when they reservations and making special said my number; it didn’t really appearances at a variety of events. “Right now, I’m going to different hit me until they said my name,” Garcia said. “I was overwhelmed communities to support the other royalties from their with happiness, not pageants. I also only for all the hard I want to be a attend events and work that I put in, represent them,” but the hard work good person, Garcia said. “I think my community put and be the best I’m booked with in.” that I can be events for the next Garcia said every day. six weekends.” her community, However, Garcia which is located in is no stranger to Santa Cruz Valley, — Alyssa Garcia, a busy schedule, 58 miles south pre-physiology freshman as she served as of Phoenix, has Miss Ak-Chin from been there for her 2011-2012 and is in many ways, by teaching her tribal song and dance currently president of the Ak-Chin and also attending the competition Youth Council, where she serves for moral support. She said the as a voice for the youth in her community members have been community. She said she works so instrumental in the process that to encourage education for youth she credits them as one of the major because she feels it is the “key to life.” reasons she won. Her family has not failed to notice Pageant contestants had to fill out an application, write multiple essays, her dedication to academics. “She was the student I knew was get letters of recommendation and letters of verification and going to be at school, doing her very perform community service. In the best,” Miranda said. “Alyssa is a very competition, contestants modeled smart girl. I have no doubt in my evening wear and traditional dress, mind that whatever her goals are, participated in a talent portion she’s going to accomplish them.” Garcia’s intelligence is not and gave an oral presentation. The community service portion came lost on the Ak-Chin community BY GABRIELLE FERNETY The Daily Wildcat

HACKING measures to minimize harm — because we’re responsible,” Sigurdson said. The server, which was housed in the College of Law building, hosted the college’s public website and its local intranet and also stored data — including passwords and social security numbers, said Chris Sigurdson , the UA’s senior communications adviser. The hacker gained access in late July, and since the discovery of the breach, the college has sent personal letters to the 9,080 individuals who were potentially affected to notify them of the situation. The college is offering 12 months of free credit monitoring through Experian for any of those affected. “[We took a] substantial [amount of ] time here at the law school, with

tribal council chairman, Louis Manuel, who said Garcia has been receiving high marks in school. He also said he feels Garcia has developed a clear understanding of her community and has become a good representative of the Ak-Chin youth. Garcia spends time with the elders, learning history with them and talking about the community, Manuel added. Although Garcia’s community service and community involvement captivated the pageant judges, some said her genuine manner is what really won them over. “She captured my heart from the beginning, in the in-person interview,” said Stacey Roswell, a retired special education teacher and one of five judges for Miss Indian Arizona. “What made Alyssa stand out was she was just so genuine. She’s a lovely person inside and out.” Another judge, Melanie Sainz, a professional artist and educator, said she also knew Alyssa deserved the crown. “You just really have to be flexible, knowledgeable and poised, and Alyssa did everything,” Sainz said. “I can just see the connection she had with the people from Ak-Chin. She makes me want to know the AkChin people better.” Although Garcia is busy with her community involvement, she said she takes her enrollment at the UA very seriously. In addition to her education, she said she plans to focus on her personal attributes as well. “I want to be a good person and be the best that I can be every day,” Garcia said. “I know that there are people watching me, so I want to be a good example in any situation. — Follow Gabrielle Fernety @DailyWildcat


ALYSSA GARCIA, a pre-physiology freshman at the UA, won Miss Indian Arizona on Oct. 12. Garcia is a member of the Ak-Chin Indian community, which she credits with playing a large role in her win.

support of the university, to make sure we system, the information, which Sigurdson understood who was involved and to figure said wasn’t supposed to have been stored out the most effective way to respond,” on the server in the first place, could have been accessed. said Marc L. Miller, dean “In some cases, it was of the College of Law. the combination of name, The University We are social security number of Arizona Police sorry that and other personal Department was it occurred. identifying information,” informed of the incident It’s always Sigurdson said. “In other and brought in the cases, it was their login FBI, which is currently frustrating and password for an investigating the case, when events intranet.” Sigurdson said. like this Because the data in “We took it offline so it happen. question was all entered wouldn’t be available to into the server around anybody,” Sigurdson said. — Marc L. Miller, 10 years ago, only “Then it was surrendered College of Law dean former students and to the FBI and the former applicants to the University of Arizona Police Department for their investigation College of Law could have been affected, Sigurdson said, adding that a small to try to find out who got in.” Once the digital intruder hacked into the number of employees’ information was


also accessible to the hacker. After officials found out about the incursion , the server was immediately shut down. A newer, more secure server has been installed since the removal of the compromised server, Sigurdson added. Current students aren’t as vulnerable to such intrusions because the UA stopped using social security numbers to identify students in 2008, except where required by law, Sigurdson said. Miller said he and his colleagues are doing everything they can to rectify the situation. “We are sorry that it occurred. It’s always frustrating when events like this happen,” Miller said. “We’re doing our best to make sure that no one is harmed and that we make sure it doesn’t happen in the future.” — Follow Mark Armao @MarkArmao

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GPSC survey results invalid I

t’s a fundamental democratic right for people who are unhappy with their elected officials to be able to replace them. If it is the people’s will, the very institutions that are supposed to represent them should also be subject to change. An Oct. 2 press release from the Graduate and Professional Student Council stated that the Associated Students of the University of Arizona chose to “ignore the needs of graduate students” by not voting on a change to the ASUA bylaws that would make GPSC the sole representative of graduate students. ASUA could very well be failing graduate and professional students at the UA, and if GPSC President Zachary Brooks had a popular mandate, ASUA should indeed take up the matter and vote for the bylaw change. The problem, however, is that we don’t really know if Brooks has that mandate. At an ASUA meeting on Oct. 2, Brooks touted that only four out of 580 graduate students polled said that they felt ASUA represented them. The survey was misleading, though, as it asked: “Which campus-wide student government do you feel represents you?” There were only two options: GPSC or ASUA. Why wasn’t there a third “none of the above” option? Or an option for both? When forced to choose between only two options, it seems obvious that graduate students would choose GPSC, which caters specifically to the needs of graduate students, over an organization that is tasked with representing all 40,000 students at the UA. According to Brooks, graduate and professional students heard about the survey through newsletters, GPSC outreach efforts on the UA Mall, word of mouth and the GPSC Facebook page. The margin of error for this survey, according to Brooks, is 3.97 percent. “The smaller the margin of error, the more confidence one should have in the poll’s results,” Brooks said in an email. While this is true, the survey results are only a reliable indication of the total population if the sampling is random, which these collection methods failed to ensure. Students who have already liked the Facebook page, for example, probably support GPSC more than the average graduate student. Although this was not the only means of distributing the survey, it undeniably biased the sample and could have skewed the results. The survey data is at best a small step toward proof of the popular mandate Brooks would need to convince ASUA that graduate students truly want this change. Sure, the graduate presidents of the Eller Masters of Business Administration and the colleges of Medicine, Pharmacy, Science and Law all signed a petition to support sole advocacy for GPSC. But wouldn’t it be more transparent and honest to just ask graduate students if they want the student government constitution to explicitly define GPSC as their exclusive representative? Angela Baldasare, the director of Divisional Assessment and Research at Student Affairs, said her organization could help GPSC administer a survey to a random sample of graduate and professional students. In fact, Student Affairs has helped GPSC administer surveys in the past. If GPSC can repeat the original survey’s results with a random sample, or even just find that a supermajority of graduate students say they want GPSC to be their exclusive representative, then ASUA should vote in favor of the bylaw change. Brooks seems convinced that graduate students need their own representation and that his call to change the ASUA bylaws is overwhelmingly popular. It’s entirely possible, if not likely, that he’s right — but he hasn’t proven that yet.

t was the top news story at the time: A 16-year-old girl, drunk and incapacitated was carried from party to party, sexually assaulted and photographed by members of the town football team. Evidence began popping up online the next day, including Instagram photos, videos and tweets saying “Song of the night is definitely ‘Rape Me’ by Nirvana.” But in spite of the overwhelming online evidence, the county prosecutor — whose son plays for the football team — discouraged the victim and her parents from pressing charges, and the coach never suspended the implicated players from a single game. In fact, although the incident in Steubenville, Ohio, took place in August, as late as December it seemed that the responsible parties would suffer no consequences. Until, that is, hacker group Anonymous got involved, posting evidence online that the local investigation seemed to have overlooked. The national uproar that resulted eventually led to two young men being convicted in juvenile court and to a school official being charged with tampering with evidence. In another instance, George Zimmerman was only brought to trial for killing Trayvon Martin after a petition increased public awareness about the case. In Nova Scotia, two men were arrested on child pornography charges because of Anonymous’ work on behalf of Rehtaeh Parsons, a teenager who killed herself after evidence of her rape was used to bully her online.

Editorials are determined by the Daily Wildcat editorial board and written by one of its members. They are Brittny Mejia, Nathaniel Drake, Kyle Mittan and Lynley Price. Brittny Mejia did not contribute to this article. They can be reached at or on Twitter via @DailyWildcat.

The Daily Wildcat Editorial Policy Daily Wildcat staff editorials represent the official opinion of the Daily Wildcat staff, which is determined at staff editorial meetings. Columns, cartoons, online comments and letters to the editors represent the opinion of their author and do not represent the opinion of the Daily Wildcat.

Justice system needs policing BY Jacqui Oesterblad The Daily Wildcat


was entirely prosecutable. It should be comforting to us that the However, the accused was the grandson public is outraged when it learns the details of a prominent member of the Missouri of cases like these, and we Internet citizens House of Representatives, and a few should feel empowered by the results months later the girl’s mother was told that that hacker collectives like Anonymous or favors were being called in. The charges petition sites like are able to were dismissed by the end of the week. The achieve. county prosecutor never explained. But it seems fair to ask: Why did It is the almost cartoonish series of Anonymous have to attract national events that makes this case Anonymousattention before the Steubenville police worthy. The girl’s mother was fired from department acted? And what happens in her job at the SouthPaws Veterinary the thousands of improperly handled cases Clinic because, her boss was recorded as each year that don’t receive Anonymous’ saying, the charges were “putting stress on time and effort? everybody in here.” When the Crowdfamily moved towns, their thensourced watchdog unoccupied home was burned to apparatuses like But it seems the ground, with the cause of the these are obviously fair to ask: Why fire undetermined. The girl has successful, and they did Anonymous attempted suicide twice since the are going to continue have to attract incident, and spent 90 days in the to play an important national residential facility Missouri Girls role in the future; attention before Town, which serves struggling but we should also the Steubenville teens. be deeply disturbed police Given Anonymous’s success by the revelation department rate, it shouldn’t be surprising that our justice acted? that a special prosecutor has system is perhaps now been assigned to the case. much more prone to That should be reassuring, but scandals and coverwe shouldn’t allow it to lull us ups than we’d like to into some sense of false security assume, particularly about the state of our justice system. when it comes to issues of gender or race. Social media should not have to police We should also realize that not every our police. With every new case like petition is going to get 500,000 Steubenville, the public’s faith may grow signatures, and not every miscarriage of in the potential of the Internet, but it justice is even going to get a wanes in the trustworthiness of our police. petition at all. Only the most sensational I commend Anonymous for its work on cases get that kind of attention. behalf of mistreated victims, but ideally, Anonymous is now focusing public its work would be made unnecessary by a attention on an alleged rape in Maryville, justice system that actually delivers justice. Mo., in which a 14-year-old girl was left drunk in front of her house in 30-degree weather after a sexual encounter with a — Jacqui Oesterblad is a junior studying 17-year-old. The encounter was recorded global studies, political science, Middle Eastern on an iPhone, and the sheriff initially and North African studies. Follow her assured the girl’s mother that the incident @joesterblad

Your Views Online Comments In response to “Letter to the Editor” (by Iman Daryaei, Kristen Coan and Alan Thomas Kohler, Oct. 23) The only people who actually care about this issue are GPSC and ASUA. If our “student governments” have so much time and money that they can waste resources on such a meaningless issue then maybe we should stop funding them all together. It makes me sick to know that my tuition dollars are funding such a pointless argument. — Really?

New ideas: 1) Get rid of all the exorbitant fees ASUA charges every year and let the students pick and choose what services they would like to use, for example: you don’t get access to UA labs unless you agreed to pay that fee, no free Gallagher Theater movies unless you agreed to pay for that fee, no free SafeRide etc. 2) The entire undergrad student body elects ONE president. Every college on campus gets ONE senator to represent them. All ASUA positions are UNPAID and FOR CREDIT ONLY. 3) Stricter election requirements for those affiliated with Greek Life. — KonnyJoxville

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As a veteran and an undergraduate at the University of Arizona I can not describe how offensive I find this article. I am in shock that anyone would stereotypically declare undergraduates as 21 years old and solely reliant on their parents. — Vet 21-years-old as the average age of undergraduate students was supplied by Rick Sears, the Associate Director of the Office of Institutional Research and Planning Support. In our Letter to the Editor we attempted to avoid stereotyping all undergraduate students with the inclusion of the important, albeit parenthetical caveat “certainly not all.” I am truly sorry that you feel offended and I hope that this note will alleviate some of your frustration. — KRCoan in response to Vet

No one at this school cares about this stupid student government issue. Can we actually get an opinions section that deals with important issues such as ObamaCare or immigration. — FedUp A lot of people care. I care because I am a graduate student and barely make enough money to pay my bills. Yet, I am subjected to the ASUA legislation that keeps getting passed BY STUDENTS to raise STUDENTS fees. Tuition and fees have skyrocketed beyond all predictions over the past 3 decades, making school harder and harder to afford for students. WHY DO WE (STUDENTS) ELECT STUDENT REPRESENTATIVES (ASUA) WHO THEN RAISE THE FEES EVEN MORE? THAT MAKES NO SENSE! — Fed up with FEES

The Daily Wildcat accepts original, unpublished letters from all of its readers

Email letters to: letters@wildcat.arizona. edu

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Letters should include name, connection to university (year, major, etc.) and contact information

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Thursday, October 24, 2013


Police Beat BUY - SELL - TRADE

by micah montiel The Daily Wildcat

Kids these days University of Arizona Police Department officers arrested a UA student on charges of minor in possession of alcohol in body on Friday at 1:30 a.m. Earlier that evening, UAPD officers in the lobby of a residence hall saw two women walk through and go to the elevators. One woman, who seemed sober, was helping the other, who had vomit running down the front of her shirt and pants. As the women waited for the elevator, officers noticed the woman being supported was struggling to keep her balance. While the two women and officers rode in the elevator, the officers began speaking to the women. They noticed both women smelled strongly of alcohol. The more sober woman said she was a UA student and lived in the residence hall. She said the other woman was her friend who was just beginning her second year of high school, and was visiting from California for Family Weekend. She said they had gone to several off-campus parties that evening and settled at a fraternity party. A UA fraternity pledge escorted the women that evening and was their designated driver. The student admitted to drinking more than five shots of raspberry vodka in the first two hours and said she was unsure how much her friend had drunk at the parties. While the student was describing the evening’s activities to officers, the visiting girl could not keep her balance and had to sit down. The Tucson Fire Department was called to evaluate the girl’s condition. It was determined that she should be taken to the University of Arizona Medical Center for further medical treatment. The girl’s parents were contacted and met medical officials at UAMC. The UA student and the visiting girl were cited and released for minors in possession of alcohol in the body. The girl was released to her father after being treated at UAMC.

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Last Friday night On Friday at 12:11 p.m., UAPD arrested two UA students in a residence hall on charges of minor in possession of alcohol. The on-duty resident assistant called UAPD officers because a strong smell of marijuana was coming from one of the dorm rooms. When the officers walked into the hall, they smelled marijuana along with a strong odor of dryer sheets. Officers knocked on the door and were met by two students. After getting permission to go inside the room, the officers entered to search the area and speak with the students. The students denied using any sort of drugs or having drug paraphernalia and said that the boys down the hall were always smoking, During the search, officers found an empty pink Ziploc bag that had contained marijuana. They also found seven cans of Rolling Rock, one Coors Light can, 14 Miller Lite cans, and a 40-ounce bottle of Steel Reserve in the refrigerator, along with three-quarters of a handle of Skyy Vodka in the freezer. The students said the alcohol was their friend’s, who had hid it in their room while his parents were in town. The alcohol was dumped out and thrown away. The RA was given the information to bring residence life charges against the students. UAPD officers then cited and released the students on the spot. Code of conduct referrals were sent to the Dean of Students Office for both students.

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Balancing act On Sunday at 2:20 a.m., two UA students were diverted to the Dean of Students Office for minors in possession of alcohol in body. UAPD officers were patrolling in golf carts when they saw two women stumbling down the street. They were trying to help one another out but failing to keep themselves balanced, let alone each other. As the officers approached the women, they noticed their bloodshot, watery eyes. The two women smelled strongly of alcohol and could not speak without slurring their words. One was trying to sit on a wall because she could not hold herself up. The other was able to stand up alone while officers questioned her. The women, both UA students, said they had been drinking at a fraternity house on Greek Row that evening, but would not say which one.

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ArizonA Daily







Research Study 9-5 at University of Arizona Cancer Center. We are seeking study participants ages 18-80 who have a history of actinic keratoses or “pre-cancers.� They are asked to answer questions about their personal characteristics, past medical history and risk factors.

Arizona Center for Judaic Studies presents Alan Rosen, who will give a lecture titled “The Wonder of Their Voices: The History and Meaning of Interviews with Holocaust Survivors.�

arts and sciences classes, social gathering and project night every week.

Chemistry and Biochemistry Colloquium 4pm in Koffler 218. Matthew B. Francis, associate professor of chemistry at University of California, Berkeley, will present a colloquium titled “New Chemical Strategies for Making Protein Based Materials.�

DeGrazia’s Wild Horses Thru Jan. 22 at 6300 N. Swan Rd. One of Southwestern artist Ted DeGrazia’s favorite subjects is celebrated in this new exhibit. Ranging from moody to exuberant and from realistic to abstract, many of the fifty paintings, drawings and watercolors featured have not been previously exhibited.

Red Cross Blood Drive 9:30-2 at University of Arizona Health PlansThe need for blood is constant and only volunteer donors can fulfill that need for patients in our community. Flu Shot Clinic on UA Mall 10-2. The cost is $17 for UA students and employees. The cost is covered by the Aetna Student Health Insurance Plan and most other billable insurances. At the Flu Shot Clinic, payment can be made by cash, check or even billed to a student’s Bursar’s account. International Writers’ Workshop 4pm in John W. Harshbarger Building. This workshop is titled “Practice Using Articles: a, an, the� and covers topics helpful to international and second language speakers, including both undergraduate and graduate students. Holocaust Survivors Lecture 4pm at UA Hillel Foundation. As part of the fall 2013 Sally and Ralph Duchin Campus Lecture Series, the

UA Museum of Art Artist Reception and Talk 5-7pm in the UA Museum of Art Photographer Patricia Carr Morgan’s exhibition is titled “Reality is a Good Likeness.� Meet the artist and learn about her provocative exhibition. Hybrid Writing Series: A Reading by Jenny Boully 7-8pm in the Poetry Center. Jenny Boully reads from her writing, followed by a QA session and book signing. This event is part of the Hybrid Writing Series presented by the Poetry Center and UA Prose Series. Society for Creative Anachronism. Highland Commons/Quad, sunken grassy area due North of the Campus Health. 6:30pm-10pm. The Society for Creative Anachronism, College of St. Felix (UA Chapter) hosts fighter training,


SkyNights Stargazing Program Thru June 2014 at Mt. Lemmon SkyCenter. Explore the universe like never before with the largest dedicated public viewing telescope in the Southwest. Observe spectacular planets, galaxies and nebulae along with incredible sunsets at the summit of Mount Lemmon. IdeaFunding Event 8-5 at Tucson Marriott University Park. IdeaFunding brings together entrepreneurs, investors and community leaders from across Southern Arizona. Aspiring entrepreneurs will make the “Connections for Growth� that are necessary to help bring your business ideas successfully to market.

Information Compiled by Leah Corry

To sponsor this calendar, or list an event, email or call 621.3425 Deadline 3pm 2 business days prior to publication.

6 • The Daily Wildcat

Thursday, October 24, 2013



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Thursday, October 24, 2013 • Page 7


Editors: Megan Coghlan & James Kelley (520) 621-2956


Arizona climbs to No. 7 BY LUKE DELLA

WHERE’S WILBUR? Wilbur T. Wildcat is No. 14 in the Capitol One Mascot Challenge. This week he is matched up against Big Jay of the University of Kansas.

The Daily Wildcat


No. 3 Oregon (7-0, 4-0 Pac-12 Conference) Last week 1 Oregon might have fallen from No. 2 to No. 3 in the first week of the BCS polls, but still it’s the best in the Pac12. The Ducks have yet to score fewer than 45 points in a game, and their closest game was against then-No. 16 Washington, which they defeated by 21.

2. No. 6 Stanford (6-1, 4-1) LW 3

After being upset on the road by Utah, Stanford got right back on track with a solid home victory over thenNo. 9 UCLA. The Cardinal went back to its core and ran the ball effectively against the Bruins. This week, Stanford travels to No. 25 Oregon State.


3. No. 12 UCLA (5-1, 2-1) LW 2

UCLA’s offense wasn’t very impressive last week, which is new for the team. The Bruins didn’t establish a run game against Stanford and compiled just 266 total yards. This week will be an opportunity for the Bruins to prove themselves at Oregon.

4. ASU (5-2, 3-1) LW 4

Consistency on defense is what ASU has lacked. The Sun Devils’ offense, though, is explosive and gives them a chance to win every game. They proved it last week, as they put up 53 points at home against then-No. 20 Washington. ASU’s two losses came away from home.

5. No. 25 Oregon State (6-1, 4-0)

LW 7 In the end, as long as you win, it doesn’t matter how you do it. But who you beat does matter in the power rankings. And even though Oregon State has won six straight, only one of those opponents currently has a winning record. The record of the combined six schools is 15-25.

6. Washington (4-3, 1-3) LW 6




QUARTERBACK B.J. DENKER passes in the UA’s 35-24 win over Utah. The Wildcats went from No. 9 to No. 7 in the Pac-12 power rankings.

Washington head coach Steve Sarkisian can’t be sleeping well at night. After a strong start to the season, the Huskies have once again dropped three in a row, just as they did last season. UW’s 53-24 loss this past week on the road at ASU was bad.

7. Arizona (4-2, 1-2) LW 9

After a two-game skid, the Wildcats got back on track with a big home victory over Utah. The win keeps Arizona in the running for a chance to play for the conference championship game and most likely ruined division foe Utah’s chances.

8. USC (4-3, 1-2) LW 7

USC’s offense was on full display two weeks ago against Arizona in its 38-31 victory, but it went into hiding against Notre Dame last week.

As always, the defense kept the Trojans in the game, but the offense struggled to score and left fans still unsure about how good the team really is.

conference. But its defense has failed to measure up. The Cougars hung on last week against Oregon but lost control late and ended up losing 62-38.

9. Utah (4-3, 1-3) LW 8

11. Colorado (3-3, 0-3) LW 11

Utah failed to separate from the middle of the pack in Tucson. The Utes have a size advantage no matter who they play, but that didn’t help them against Arizona, as they couldn’t stop running back Ka’Deem Carey. A win this week at USC would keep their bowl hopes alive, but a loss would almost kill them.


Washington State (4-4, 2-3) LW 10 At one point this season, Washington State looked to have a dangerous enough offense to compete with any school in the

Colorado, on the other hand, has improved greatly since hiring new head coach Mike MacIntyre in December. The defense is stronger, and the offense is more effective. But the Buffaloes won’t really take off until they start getting more of their kind of guys as recruits.

12. California (1-6, 0-4) LW 12

There’s a reason it’s the only school in the conference with a losing record... — Follow Luke Della @LukeDella

Boston Red Sox 8 St. Louis Cardinals 1

SENATORS CLIP RED WINGS Ottawa Senators 6 Detroit Red Wings 1


The state of our officiating overall, if I look at where we were four years ago to where we are today, I’m very pleased with the progress.” Pac-12 Commissioner Larry Scott


The Daily Wildcat

Ka’Deem, duh

If you’re reading this, then you’re probably well aware that UA running back Ka’Deem Carey had a record-breaking day last year against Colorado. Carey, of course, had 366 yards against the Buffaloes in 2012, plus five touchdowns and 34 yards receiving. Last year Carey ran for 204 yards at Utah a week after his 366 against Colorado. Then last week the All-American ran for 234 against UU, including runs of 30 and 44 yards. It looks like he is due for at least 200 yards on Saturday. Carey, who has a streak of nine games in a row of rushing for 100 yards and leads the nation in rushing, is playing the best he has all year.



The Daily Wildcat

Scary Carey

Arizona running back Ka’Deem Carey set a record against Colorado last year with 366 rushing yards and five touchdowns. It would make sense Carey wants to repeat himself this year, but it would also make sense that the Buffaloes want to stampede him. It hurts giving up that many yards to one person, and the Colorado defense will make sure to avoid that embarrassment. The Buffaloes may be at the bottom of the Pac-12 South, but the Colorado red-zone defense is No. 4 in the conference, at 78.8 percent compared to Arizona’s 91.7 percent, which is 11th. Carey might be hungry, but Colorado sure does not want the guy in its end zone. Or on the field at all, really.

Let it pass

Arizona is at the bottom of the Pac-12 in pass efficiency, with 115.7. That means every team in the conference can pass better than the Wildcats, or should I say senior quarterback B.J. Denker — especially Colorado, who ranks eighth in the Pac-12 with 130.4 pass efficiency. Buffalo junior quarterback Connor Wood was demoted in favor of true freshman Sefo Liufau, and still has better numbers than Denker. Wood has completed 82for-154 and seven interceptions, Denker has completed 91-for164 and two interceptions and Liufau was 14-for-20 in his first start last week against Charleston Southern.

The other Richardson

B.J. strikes back?

Arizona senior cornerback Shaquille Richardson has some Beleaguered senior big competition this weekend quarterback B.J. Denker isn’t in his own cousin, Colorado’s generally on this side of the star junior wide receiver Paul FILE PHOTO/THE DAILY WILDCAT “Three Ways,” but he could be due Richardson. for a big game against a team he’s UA RUNNING BACK Ka’Deem Carey set career and school records against Colorado on Nov. 10, 2012 in Arizona’s 56-31 game in Tucson. Paul and Shaquille Richardson had success against in the past. spent their childhoods competing Last year, in his first NCAA start, against each other on and off the field. Though Shaquille Denker fumbled on the first play, leading to a Colorado touchdown Richardson is a potential NFL draft pick, Paul Richardson happens — but his fortunes improved. to be fourth in the nation with 130.3 receiving yards per game. He ran for 44 yards against the Buffaloes and passed for 136, It will be quite the battle for the Wildcats, as long as their defense completing 12-of-14 passes. He even had a 214.5 quarterback can keep a close eye on these two friendly rivals. rating, the best of any UA quarterback in 2012 — even Matt Scott, who is cashing NFL checks now — or maybe he has direct deposit?

Colorado the cupcake

Colorado is improved this year, but the team is still not the same caliber as Washington or USC. Arizona stands at 4-2, but its two losses were at Washington in the rain and at USC in the Trojans’ first game without former head coach Lane Kiffin. Basically, the Wildcats beat the teams they were supposed to and lost to the teams they were expected to. At 3-3, CU has already tripled its 2012 win total, but two of those wins were against FCS teams. It was allowed to play a second team from the lower division because its game against Fresno State was canceled due to the Boulder, Colo., floods.

— Follow James Kelley @jameskelley520

Upcoming game of the week: No. 6 Stanford at No. 25 Oregon State on Saturday (Upset Alert) Last week’s game of the week: Arizona 35, Utah 24 Last week’s player of the week: Arizona running back Ka’Deem Carey ran the ball 39 times for 236 yards and one touchdown.


— Follow Megan Coghlan @MeganCoghlan



TWEET TO NOTE I would bet how girls feel taking their bras off after a long day is the same feeling I get after I take my shoulderpads off after practice. —@VanillaV1ck7 UA quarterback B.J. Denker


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UA CIVIL DISCOURSE Institute conducting student survey. You may be contacted to participate. If you participate you will be compensated.

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RED ROBIN TUCSON Mall. Immediate openings for experienced cooks and servers. Apply Today!

SWIM GIRL HAS received a scholarship to study abroad. Need to replace her for the spring and summer. 1-2 evenings/week. Job involves working with others and physical flexibility. Does not involve swimming. Car preferred, close to campus. Call afternoon: 867-6679

THE SALVATION ARMY at 1021N. 11th Ave has openings for on-call Client Service Workers. Shifts are 4:30pm-midnight & midnight to 7:30am, work is based on weather conditions. $8.50 p/h. Employment available until 3/31/14.Send resume to

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Swimming & diving

“It’s unfortunate. It really sets a frustration for me, for our fans, that can’t get this amazing product,” Scott said. With 35 football games and 150 men’s basketball games coming up, a large opportunity to get viewers is being missed. Arizona men’s basketball is scheduled to air 12 games on the Pac-12 Networks. Scott said he knows the Pac-12 Networks is of high value because of all the major cable operators taking it. The issue remains at a standstill, however. “I hope they change their mind soon,” Scott said.

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from page 1


Top college men’s basketball players generally only stay a year before leaving for the NBA, which has a rule allowing players a year out of high school to be drafted. The so called “one-and-done” rule is not popular. Scott doesn’t think the rule is good for college basketball or the NBA. “We’ve got much healthier setups in football, baseball,” Scott said. “I for one certainly believe that if young men want to go for basketball, they know that going in. I’d like them to have a pathway to that before they get to college.” Scott said that over the past few years, he has been focusing on football and the new playoff process. “Now we’re really turning our attention to some broader issues affecting the NCAA related to governance [and] how we serve student athletes better,” Scott said.

Condoleezza Rice

Former Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice has been appointed a member of the new College Football Playoff selection committee. Rice, now a Stanford professor, is a college football fan and was first approached by Scott about the position. “It wasn’t something she was expecting,” Scott said. “[We are] outlying the importance of diverse backgrounds, having a lot of integrity and credibility to the system, and we’re really looking for a blend of people with pure football background, athletics administrative and other people with great understanding of the game.” Scott said Rice was excited about the offer right away. She will help select college football’s final four teams when the playoffs start next year.

—- Follow Megan Coghlan @MeganCoghlan

Attention Classified Readers: The Daily Wildcat screens classified advertising for misleading or false messages, but does not guarantee any ad or any claim. Please be cautious in answering ads, especially when you are asked to send cash, money orders, or a check.


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Classifieds • Thursday, October 24, 2013

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8 • The Daily Wildcat

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!!! WEST UNIVERSITY ART Deco Building 1bdrm. $695, all utilities included. 5blocks to campus. Unique space with hardwood floors, 12ft. ceilings, laundry, off street parking. Available January. No pets. 520-743-2060 !!!!!!! 1BLOCK FROM UA. Avail Jan. 1, Summer or fall. Remodeled, furnished or unfurnished. 1BD from $610, 2BD from $810. Pool/ laundry. 746 E 5th St. Shown by appointment 751-4363/ 409-3010 1004 E COPPER ST. - 2BED 1bath near Park/Grant for $575/mo! Off street and covered parking available. Please call Peach Properties @(520)7983331 for additional info. 1BD/ 1BA AVAILABLE! Located on a quiet cul-de-sac 2miles from UA campus. Beautiful pool, landscape grounds, laundry facility on grounds. Water, trash, heating, A/C paid for. Free Wifi. Call or come by for details Las Villas Apartments 3424 E. 2nd St. 520325-6545 1BDRM FURNISHED AT University Arms. 1515 E 10th St. Clean, quiet, green, clearwave wifi. Lease to May 15, 2014 @$570/mo and to August 1st @$530/mo. 3blocks to campus. 623-0474. 1BDRM UNFURNISHED APARTMENT. 5th Street and Country Club. 1mile to campus. Small, quiet complex. Mature landscaping. Large pool. Covered parking. Storage. Terra Alta Apartments 3122 E. Terra Alta Apartment C. 623-0474. AWESOME 2BEDROOM APT 3rd Ave near 8th St. $885, water, TV, internet included. Wash/ Dry onsite. Call 734.417.6005 Studios from $400 spacious apartment homes with great downtown location. 884-8279. Blue Agave Apartments 1240 N. 7th Ave. Speedway/ Stone.

Publisher’s Notice: All real estate advertised herein is subject to the Federal Fair Housing Act, which makes it illegal to advertise any preference, limitation or discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, handicap, familial status or national origin, or intention to make any such preferences, limitations or discrimination. We will not knowingly accept any advertising for real estate which is in violation of the law. All persons are hereby informed that all dwellings advertised are available on an equal opportunity basis.

1237 E DRACHMAN ST -Spacious 2bed 2bath condo located near UofA campus $950.00/mo! Please call Peach Properties @(520)798-3331 for additional info. 446 N CAMPBELL RD. - Beautiful 2bed 2bath condos with A/C, W&D located at Sam Hughes Place near 6th/Campbell for $1600/mo! Please call Peach Properties @(520)798-3331 for additional info. SAM HUGHES PLACE luxury Condo best value in complex. 3br, 2ba $1500/mo. Secured access building, w/d, shaded patio. Exercise rm same floor. 2parking spaces incl. Joyce 520-299-5920, or 520-401-0438,

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Smith swims away on high note BY Nicole Cousins

Giles Smith wants to make some lasting memories at Hillenbrand Aquatic Center before he graduates. The senior 10-time All-American for Arizona swimming and diving will compete in his last season home opener at 2 p.m. this Friday against UNLV, which is competing in its first meet of the year. Smith said he knows the UA needs to capitalize on the little things after the men’s team fell to Utah last Saturday, 152148. “We need to execute better and focus on our details,” Smith said. “We’ve got to swim with a little bit more pride, and the races get tough, just get your hand to the wall.” In his third season with the Wildcats, Smith — who transferred after his freshman year at Tennessee — said he believes that the home meet advantage will come into play this weekend. Last year, the men’s team went 2-2 in dual meets at Hillenbrand. This year, it only has three dual meets at home to impress its fans. Smith is not the only Wildcat looking forward to Friday’s meet. Freshman distance freestylist Tyler Fowler, who won his first collegiate race in the 1000-yard freestyle on Saturday, said he is confident about hosting the Rebels but doesn’t want the hype of his first home meet to keep him from performing his best. “UNLV has a few more distance swimmers, so it’s good to have that confidence,” Fowler said. “But it’s still swimming — it’s still just the same race — so I just have to go out and do what I do

File photo/The Daily Wildcat

Arizona Junior Giles Smith swims in the men’s 100 yard butterfly last season. The senior will compete in his last season home opener this Friday.

best.” As a newcomer, Fowler said he isn’t entirely sure what to expect for Friday, but he wants to defend his home. Hillenbrand Aquatic Center was known as McKale Pool until local businessman William G. Hillenbrand made a donation in 1989 to refurbish the facility. The outdoor pool serves as both a practice facility and meet facility for the Wildcats. “It’s going to be really cool to compete in the pool we train in every day, just representing the University of Arizona at the University of Arizona,” said Elizabeth Pepper, a junior transfer from Florida State. Pepper jumped into the team right away, contributing to the women’s 20496 landslide against Utah last Saturday by winning the 100y butterfly and placing

second behind senior teammate Ashley Evans in the 200y butterfly. The women lost only one meet at Hillenbrand on their way to a fifth-place NCAA finish last year. For them, it would be ideal to capture an undefeated season at home this year. Smith, Fowler and Pepper all agreed that in the end, the best part about swimming at home is swimming in front of fans and family. Fowler’s mother will be there to watch her son’s first home meet as a Wildcat. “We have the parents coming out, so it will be great. Nobody wants to swim badly in front of their families,” Smith said. “It’s going to be a great, fast weekend of swimming.” — Follow Nicole Cousins @cousinnicole

Comics • Thursday, October 24, 2013



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Thursday, October 24, 2013 • Page 10


Editor: Dan Desrochers

Bioprinting the human body BY AUSTIN MCEVOY

The Daily Wildcat A desktop printer lies open on a table with its insides exposed. What looks like a messy operation is actually the beginning of a UA medical research project to create a customizable 3-D bioprinter. 3-D bioprinters function similarly to standard printers, said Dr. Zain Khalpey, the lab’s primary investigator. “Instead of using red, blue and black ink, you can use bio-ink, which is basically made of protein,” said Khalpey, who is also a cardiothoracic surgeon at the University of Arizona Medical Center. The world’s first commercial bioprinter, the NovoGen MMX Bioprinter, was put on the market in 2009 by a company based in San Diego called Organovo. “The novelty in what we are doing is that we are creating something completely customizable,” said medical student Alice Ferng. Ferng’s primary role is to create a bioprinter prototype for the lab, a process which included dissecting the desktop printer. “Our ultimate goal is to make an organ that you can transplant,” Ferng said. “ Bioprinting is just the synthetic part of that.” By creating its own bioprinter from scratch, the lab will not have to outsource to other companies, said Kitsie Penick, the lab’s program coordinator. Once the lab creates its own functional 3-D bioprinter, it can be used to provide relief to the growing number of people in the U.S. who


ANTHONY LOUIS, a respiratory therapist, mends pig lungs donated by the UA Meat Sciences Lab. Louis is working in a lab that is trying to create a customizable 3-D printer to create organs for transplant.

need organ transplants, Khalpey said. There are currently more than 77,000 active candidates on the national transplant list, according to the United Network for Organ Sharing, and on average, 18 people die every day from the lack of organs available for transplant, according to Donate Life America. Ferng said that she plans to transform the inkjet printer into a

3-D bioprinter by adding a vertical printing dimension and by swapping out the standard ink for bio-ink, which is made by decellularizing damaged tissue with detergent so that all that is left is the extracellular matrix. The extracellular matrix is wellsuited to generating transplant organs because it is a faceless protein complex that does not cause immune system attack by the recipient, Ferng

added. The lab plans on making a unique bio-ink concoction that is fortified with the organ recipient’s own stem cells called “smart ink,” Khalpey said. The bioprinter project is one of the lab’s three major focuses. The other two areas of research include the use of bioreactors and organ regeneration, which is the refurbishing of damaged organs to

Search for alien life creates ethical issues BY MICHAELA KANE

The Daily Wildcat In “Star Trek,” Starfleet officers are required to swear an oath to follow the Prime Directive, which states that personnel will not interfere with the natural development of alien cultures or civilizations while they explore the universe and “boldly go where no man has gone before.” While the Prime Directive is a fictional rule in one of the most popular science-fiction franchises, there may be some merit to the philosophical and ethical issues the rule brings up, especially in regards to the future of space exploration. In a lecture given Monday, Christopher Impey, a University Distinguished Professor of astronomy, discussed the social and ethical implications involved with exploring the universe — namely those associated with astrobiology, which deals with the search for and study of life elsewhere in space. The subject is not new to Impey, who recently worked as an editor on the book “Encountering Life in the Universe: Ethical Foundations and Social Implications of Astrobiology.” “Astrobiology begs a series of very profound

questions about the nature of life, the role of life in the universe and our relation to any sort of life in the universe,” he said. While we haven’t found life anywhere other than Earth, Impey remains positive that such a major discovery will happen soon, due to the number of Earth-sized planets being discovered in the habitable zones of their stars. But while the discovery of new life would be one of the most significant findings in our lifetimes, theorizing what that new life could be like may be one of the greatest challenges we face — simply because we are limited by our own imaginations. “It’s hard to imagine how strange life could be in the universe,” Impey said. “It has to be tethered, at some point, in the familiar.” For us, that familiarity means that life must be made of carbon and have access to water. Essentially, for us to recognize it, life must be like us, despite the fact that there is very little evidence to support that all life does fit such a narrow definition. The lack of understanding about the possibilities of life, however, hasn’t stopped scientists from looking for life within our solar system. The moons Titan and Europa are prime candidates in the search for extraterrestrial


CHRISTOPHER IMPEY, a University Distinguished Professor of astronomy, gave a lecture on Monday about the ethical issues posed by the future of astrobiology and space exploration.

life, and the recent discovery of water on Mars could also indicate the possibility of life on the red planet, Impey said. The discovery of water opens up the possibility of terraforming Mars as well, in order to make it habitable for humans. But while establishing life on other planets would be a significant scientific achievement, it also

make them transplantable. All three areas of research are closely related, Khalpey said. “There are a lot of complicated geometries required to mimic an organ because there are many different pieces of research that need to go into it,” said senior biomedical engineering undergraduate Brigid Smith. Smith has been working in Khalpey’s lab since June. The research team plans to use the 3-D bioprinter in correspondence with a bioreactor it is crafting, Khalpey said. “The 3-D printing is very New Age and very cool because we can make it into reality by building a 3-D bioreactor,” Khalpey said. Bio-ink can be used to print small tissue samples that can be placed into a bioreactor, where they can potentially grow into an organ, Khalpey added. This technique is known as an “organ in a drop,” according to respiratory therapist Anthony Louis. Louis is doing his graduate work in Khalpey’s lab. “We want to use the ‘lung in a drop’ study to see what components are necessary to form a human-sized lung,” Louis said. “Once we figure that out, we can migrate to organ regeneration.” Although the lab is still working out the kinks, Khalpey said that the research will become reality in the near future. “We are going to bring this technology from the [lab] bench to the bedside,” Khalpey said. — Follow Austin McEvoy @AustinMcIrish

brings up a multitude of moral and ethical questions. “Here comes the moral dilemma within the solar system,” Impey said. “What is our right, or our obligation, to not just find life elsewhere, but to make a place right for us or for our life or to alter it so it becomes living?” According to Impey, these questions are going to incite debate about astrobiology and ethical space travel within our lifetimes, especially with private sector space travel becoming a greater rival to institutions like NASA. “I’ve always been a believer in the spirit of adventure and the spirit of exploration,” said Thomas Fleming, an astronomer and senior lecturer at the UA. “I just have to hope in the innate goodness of the individual humans who perform some of these adventures in the future, that they will do the right thing — because there is no sheriff in space.” Others are less optimistic about the answers to the ethical issues posed by astrobiology. “I don’t have much hope for human ethics if you take a look back at what we’ve done to other species and to our own species,” said Maliha Khan, a journalism freshman who attended Impey’s lecture. While NASA may be no closer to forming its own Starfleet Academy than it was when “Star Trek” first aired, it may consider creating its own version of the Prime Directive before the decade is through. — Follow Michaela Kane @DailyWildcat

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