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Wednesday, September 12, 2018 ­– Tuesday, September 18, 2018 • VOLUME 112 • ISSUE 4

PLEDGING INCLUSIVITY

Among 20 cultural- and identity-based chapters on campus, Delta Lambda Phi and Gamma Rho Lambda bring more Greek opportunities to UA’s LGBTQ+ community

5 | Sports | Meet Arizona soccer’s all-time shut out leader 7 | News | Link between rising STD rate and hookup culture? 19 | Arts & Life | See how UA a cappella finds its sounds

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2 • The Daily Wildcat

Wednesday, September 12 - Tuesday, September 18, 2018

IN THIS EDITION | VOLUME 112, ISSUE 4 Opinions

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News

4

Nike turns to Kaepernick to erase wrongs

Sports

5

UA's 50-year history with NASA

News Law Center to host talks on Native American justice

News

10

Cancer treatment vs pain relief

Important stats for Arizona football this season

15

Update on construction at Arizona Stadium

12

Communication between cells vital, research finds

18

See how UA a cappella finds its sound

13

Sports Break down of Arizona's performance in Houston

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Arts & Life

Opinions There's a new Senator in town

News

Sports

News

No. 1 on her jersey, No. 1 in history

17

Arts & Life

19

Travel to 1968 with UA Libraries

20

THE DAILY WILDCAT Editor-in-Chief Jasmine Demers editor@dailywildcat.com

Sports Editor Alec White sports@dailywildcat.com

Managing Editor Marissa Heffernan

Assistant Sports Editor David Skinner

Engagement Editor Eddie Celaya

Arts & Life Editor Pascal Albright arts@dailywildcat.com

News Editor Rocky Baier news@dailywildcat.com

Assistant Arts & Life Editor Leia Linn

Assistant News Editors Sharon Essien Vanessa Ontiveros

Opinions Editor Toni Marcheva opinion@dailywildcat.com

Photo Editor Cyrus Norcross Madeleine Viceonte photo@dailywildcat.com Copy Chief Corey Ryan Arnold copy@dailywildcat.com Design Chief Nick Trujillo

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ABOUT THE DAILY WILDCAT: The Daily Wildcat is the University of Arizona’s student-run, independent news source. It is distributed in print on campus and throughout Tucson every Wednesday with a circulation of 7,000 during spring and summer semesters, and 5,000 during summer. The function of The Wildcat is to

disseminate news to the community and to encourage an exchange of ideas. The Daily Wildcat was founded in 1899. All copy, photographs and graphics appearing in the newspaper or DailyWildcat.com are the sole property of The Daily Wildcat and may not be reproduced without the specific consent of the editor-in-chief. A single print copy of The Daily Wildcat is free from newsstands. Unauthorized removal of multiple copies will be considered theft and may be prosecuted. Additional print copies of The Daily Wildcat are available from the Arizona Student Media office. The Daily Wildcat is a member of the Associated Collegiate Press and the Arizona Newspapers Association.

EDITORIAL POLICY: Daily Wildcat

editorials represent the official opinion of The Daily Wildcat opinions board, which is determined at opinions board meetings. Columns, cartoons, online comments and letters to the editors do not represent the opinion of The Daily Wildcat.

CORRECTIONS: Corrections or complaints concerning Daily Wildcat content should be directed to the editor-in-chief. For further information on The Daily Wildcat’s approved grievance policy, readers may contact Brett Fera, director of Arizona Student Media, in the Sherman R. Miller 3rd Newsroom at the Park Student Union. NEWS TIPS: (520) 621-3193 The Daily Wildcat is always interested in story ideas and tips from readers. If you see something deserving of coverage, contact the editor-in-chief at editor@dailywildcat.com or call 621-3193.

On the Cover Front page design by Nick Trujillo, The Daily Wildcat


The Daily Wildcat • 3

Wednesday, September 12 - Tuesday, September 18, 2018

EDITORIAL

One right does not erase many wrongs, Nike BY DAILY WILDCAT OPINIONS BOARD @DailyWildcat

L

ast week, athletic apparel company Nike rolled out its new ad campaign in celebration of the 30th anniversary of the brand’s iconic “Just Do It” motto. With a deep stable of athletic talent on its roster to draw from, Nike instead choose Colin Kaepernick as the face of its campaign. Although those of us at the Daily Wildcat are fans of the inspirational message the ad campaign and commercial convey, and we support Kaepernick’s protest and reason for protest, we remain skeptical of the multi-national tennis shoe company for its broader societal impact. Kaepernick, the former 49ers quarterback who famously kneeled during the national anthem in protest of police brutality against people of color, is a firebrand of controversy for some on the political and cultural right. Many have misinterpreted his decision to kneel during the national anthem, some willfully, as an affront to police, the military and the U.S. in general. They reason that protesting during the anthem is offensive to the above parties and that Kaepernick should protest some other way, at some other time. When Nike released a nearly two-minute commercial featuring Kaepernick encouraging viewers/potential customers to “Believe in something. Even if it means sacrificing everything,” a torrent of conservative backlash followed. Appearing last Fox & Friends’, Fox News host and perpetually baffled ventriloquist dummy Tucker Carlson called the commercial and subsequent ad campaign “an attack on the country,” before dismissing the motive behind Kaepernick’s protest. “Who knows what Kaepernick thinks, or why, or why he is so unhappy, it’s not even that interesting,” Carlson said. Carlson’s response was actually measured. Others choose instead to burn various articles of Nike paraphernalia they had already purchased, some while they were still wearing it. #boycottNike trended in some conservative circles online,

CREATIVE COMMONS

NIKE’S CHOICE OF COLIN Kaepernick as the model for its ad campaign has stirred up controversy, but has also considerably boosted its online sales.

and two universites dropped Nike as their athletic departments apparel supplier. And still, Nike’s online sales were actually up 31 percent from the beginning of Labor Day Weekend until September 7, better than last year’s 17 percent increase, according to digital commerce research company Edison Trends. “The research confirms that, at least for now, the company is suffering no negative repercussions in sales,” the report reads. That’s troubling. Not because Nike is on the right side of history in the current socio-political debate, but because Nike has for so long been on the wrong side of history when it comes to labor practices. As recently as May of this year, the labor-rights organization Global Exchange accused Nike of failing to live up to its founder and CEO Phil Knight’s promises concerning working conditions in many of the companies contracted factories. “Nike has continued to treat the sweatshop issue as a publicrelations inconvenience rather than as a serious human rights matter,” said Leila Salazar, corporate accountability

director for Global Exchange, in an interview with ABC News. After backlash in the 1990s, Nike, notorious for its use of sweatshop labor at the time, had Knight respond in 1998 by making six promises, all aimed at addressing working conditions in foreign factories. According to the report by Global Exchange, those changes have either had little or no effect. “Nike workers are still forced to work excessive hours in high pressure work environments, are not paid enough to meet the most basic needs of their children, and are subject to harassment, dismissal and violent intimidation if they try to form unions or tell journalists about labor abuses in their factories,” it found. Knight responded to the report, noting that Nike has a presence in factories all over the world, that Nike wasn’t responsible for government regulations and (lack of) oversight, and that he didn’t think the deficiencies chronicled in the report have “ever been typical of Nike factories.” That’s not the assurances a company as powerful and widereaching as Nike should be offering, it’s the sort of answer expected out of politicians. The recent addition of Kaepernick to a seemingly socially conscious marketing strategy rings hollow when considered against the historic background of Nike’s past and present labor practices. Unless Nike is willing to use its clout politically to affect real change in the communities it is both selling and making its shoes in and better those communities, such full-throated support for Nike from the left and other socio-cultural institutions should be reconsidered. —Editorials are determined by the Daily Wildcat Opinions Board and are written by its members. They are Editor -in-chief Jasmine Demers,Opinions Editor Toni Marcheva, Managing Editor Marissa Heffernan, Engagaement Editor Eddie Celaya and Arts & Life Editor Pascal Albright.

Arizona Daily Wildcat Arizona Daily Wildcat Arizona Daily Wildcat Arizona Arizona Daily Wildcat Arizona Daily Wildcat Arizona Daily Wildcat Arizona Arizona Daily Wildcat Arizona Daily Wildcat Arizona Daily Wildcat Arizona

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4 • The Daily Wildcat

Wednesday, September 12 - Tuesday, September 18, 2018

NEWS | UA IN SPACE

A look at UA, NASA’s long history BY VANESSA ONTIVEROS AND SHARON ESSIEN @NessaMagnifque @SharonshareB

The Apollo missions to the moon. The Viking missions to Mars. The Voyager missions to deep space. These are a series of what one might call “small steps for man” that have one surprising thing in common: the University of Arizona was involved. Since 1964, the UA has been part of every NASA planetary mission. However, the relationship between the two predates even the moon landing. The UA’s Lunar and Planetary Laboratory was founded in 1960 by Gerard Kuiper, as the infamous Space Race between the US and the USSR was heating up. By 1964, the Ranger 6 mission, the first NASA mission the UA was involved with, had successfully landed on the moon. However, it did not achieve its goal of transmitting high-resolution photographs of the lunar surface, as there was a failure of the camera system. Later Ranger missions, like Ranger 7, were more successful in transmitting footage of the lunar surface back to a scientist on Earth. Kuiper, for whom the Kuiper Belt is named, was the principal investigator on Ranger 7. Kuiper, along with Ewen Whitaker, a fellow astronomer who came with Kuiper to UA in 1960, worked on the

1964 NASA’s first mission with the UA

1966 Surveyor 1 mission, which proved that larger spacecraft could safely land on the moon. Before that mission, it was unknown if the lunar surface was too soft, or if the spacecraft would sink. By 1968, history was on the horizon. NASA’s first successful manned lunar orbit Apollo mission, Apollo 8, launched in December of that year with a crew of three. Robert Strom, a retired professor emeritus in the UA Lunar and Planetary Lab, was on the lunar operations working groups for Apollo missions 8, 10 and the immortal 11 — when man first walked on the moon. After the moon landing, there was nowhere to go but farther into space. Starting between 1972 and 1973, Pioneer missions 10 and 11 would provide NASA with some of its first spacecraft-gathered data for planetary exploration. Images from the Pioneer spacecraft would reach Earth thanks to equipment built by Tom Gehrels, an astronomer with the Lunar Planetary Lab who worked at UA for over 50 years. UA also had a hand in later Voyager missions in 1979 that would venture deeper out into space, as far out as any man-made spacecraft had before. Both Voyager 1 and 2 are still exploring space, carrying the Golden Records that contain carefully selected sounds and images showcasing what life is like on Earth. In our own solar system, humans

1968 First manned lunar orbit, Apollo 8

GRAPHIC BY NICK TRUJILLO | THE DAILY WILDCAT

have sent spacecraft to explore nearly all the planets, though Uranus and Neptune have only been briefly studied by Voyager 2. The UA aided NASA in its missions to reach the orbit of Mercury in the MESSENGER mission and the orbit of Venus which launched in 2004 in the 1978 Pioneer Venus mission. Farther into space, the 1989 Galileo mission studied Jupiter and its moons, the 1990 Ulysses mission studied the Sun at close range and the 1997 Cassini mission studied Saturn, all with the involvement of UA scientists. The Europa mission, which is planned to launch as early as 2022 to explore Jupiter’s moon Europa, may also feature involvement from the UA. “I’m proposing a camera system for a Europa mission now that builds off UA’s past history,” said Shane Byrne, assistant head of the planetary science department and professor in the Lunar and Planetary Laboratory. “I think our history is a huge asset.” UA has also been heavily involved with the exploration of our neighboring planet Mars. Mankind first reached Mars via unmanned rover in 1976 when the Viking 1 spacecraft landed on the Chryse Planitia, or Gold Plains, of the red planet. By that point, Viking had already sent back multiple high-resolution photos. UA’s own Brad Smith, who had also worked on the Voyager missions, led the Viking imaging team. In 1986, while

1986 UA alumnus Brad Smith discovers Bianca, a moon of Uranus 1979 UA has a hand in starting the Voyager missions

2022 New mission to Europa may have UA involvement

2004 UA helps NASA in MESSENGER mission

working on Voyager, he would discover Bianca, a moon orbiting Uranus. The UA would continue to be a part of mankind’s exploration of Mars, playing key parts in the 1996 Mars Pathfinder Mission, 2001 Mars Odyssey Mission and the 2007 Phoenix Mars Lander Mission, which was the first ever university-led mission to the red planet. Looking at the present, future and beyond, the University of Arizona is continuing its history of space exploration and is currently a key player in NASA’s OSIRIS-REx mission. OSIRIS-REx launched on Sept. 8, 2016, with the mission to acquire a small sample from the near-earth asteroid Bennu and bring it back to Earth for further study. In August of this year, OSIRIS-REx captured its first images of Bennu. It is set to acquire the sample in 2020 and return to Earth in 2023, when, if successful, it will make history as the first U.S. spacecraft to return samples from an asteroid. “I am very proud of UA’s history in supporting NASA planetary exploration and space science,” said Dante Lauretta, principal investigator on the OSIRISREx mission and a professor of planetary science an cosmochemistry at UA. “It is certainly a factor in my ongoing activities, such as leading the OSIRISREx mission.” As of 2016, UA is the eighth highest funded institution of higher education for research and development by NASA, beating out universities like Harvard and Stanford.


Wednesday, September 12 - Tuesday, September 18, 2018

The Daily Wildcat • 5

SPORTS | SOCCER

No. 1 on the jersey, No. 1 in the record books net when she suits up for the Wildcats, but it’s only part of the work that most people get to see. Burdett’s Arizona soccer’s all-time offseason training habits shutout leader has a new play a big role in her success name: Lainey Burdett. After with Arizona. During the keeping the New Hampshire summer, Burdett plays on Wildcats from finding the the FC Tucson Women in back of the net on Sept. 2, the Women’s Premier Soccer the senior became the first League. player in Arizona history “It’s getting touches on the with at least 21 clean sheets. ball and handling it and just “I mean it’s really cool to keeping with it,” Burdett said. have that record, but I again Sometimes people forget wouldn’t take full credit for that student athletes are that because I couldn’t do students first. Burdett has it without the defense in also had success off the front of me and midfielders field. She was recognized in and forwards,” Burdett said. 2016 and 2017 as a Pac-12 “It all starts with them, too, All-Academic Honorable because when they defend it Mention. Burdett is makes my job a lot easier.” majoring in business with a For Burdett, it’s been a concentration in marketing. moment in the making since The UA keeper will be she stepped onto campus. graduating in spring of 2019 The Las Vegas native but admitted that she would enrolled early at Arizona love to keep playing after after attending Sierra Vista SOFIA MORAGA | THE DAILY WILDCAT her college soccer career is High School, and she was Arizona’s Lainey Burdett (1) kicks the ball upfield during the Arizona-Houston Baptist on Sunday, Aug. 26, 2018 at Mulcahy Stadium in over. She plans to enter the able to participate in games Tucson, Ariz. National Women’s Soccer during the 2015 spring League draft. awarded Pac-12 Goalkeeper of the Pac-12 Second Team. season. She proved from the Her main focus right now, however, Week for keeping a clean sheet against One word to describe Burdett? beginning that she was a force to be is finishing her last season strong. then No. 16 Washington State, where According to senior Hailey Mazzola, reckoned with; in those games she did “For the season, I hope to keep she recorded a career-high nine saves. “resilient.” Mazzola was in the same not allow a single goal in. improving my game, constantly getting As a sophomore, Burdett also recruiting class as Burdett and has had “Coming in a semester early better and then making it into the participated in 16 games for the ‘Cats the opportunity to play with her all definitely was a little nerve-wracking, tournament and keep wins coming our and had seven shutouts that season. four seasons. but it was a lot of fun. I think it helped way,” Burdett said. Arizona soccer’s motto this year is “Building a Legacy”, and Burdett will surely be leaving one with the record she has broken this year. “She’s good, and she knows she good. She’s confident. We know she’s good, you guys know she’s good, we just gotta keep her sharp and focused,” head coach Tony Amato said. Arizona has one final nonconference game against Cal State Fullerton on Sept. 14 in Mulcahy Stadium before heading to Stanford The keeper carded a goals-against “You can always rely on her to make get me into the groove of how college on Sept. 21 to kick off the Pac-12 average of 1.16. and made 59 saves. big saves during really important soccer is played, and really build conference play. The following season, Burdett games. She also brings really great relationships with other players to That means that Burdett still has started and played every minute energy to us and helps the team get then feel comfortable playing on the plenty of games left to increase that of each game for the Wildcats. As pumped and stay strong throughout field — especially at a goalkeeper shutout record. a team, they collected 11 wins and games,” Mazzola said. position,” Burdett said. “I’m grateful for it and glad that Burdett contribued to that success So far this season, the Wildcats have The goalkeeper’s confidence came I was able to establish that, but it with 85 saves. She only let 17 goals a winning record of 5-1, and Burdett early on and has been unfazed since. doesn’t stop there, it continues,” in throughout the season and added has only given up one goal in the last As a true freshman, Burdett Burdett said. another seven shutouts to her name. six games. participated in 16 games during That earned her a spot on the AllThe senior shines in the back of the the 2015 season. That year, she was BY MAURY URCADEZ @DailyWildcat

You can always rely on her to make big saves during

really important games.”

— Hailey Mazzola, senior athlete


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6 • The Daily Wildcat

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Does “Friends with Benefits” work? Friends With Benefits (FWB) means different things to different people. To most UA students, an FWB is someone you know (and perhaps trust) to have sex with. No strings attached. There is no commitment and no official title. The FWB may be more of an acquaintance than someone in your circle of friends. And, your FWB may be a secret relationship that your closest friends don’t even know about. The advantages of having an FWB are primarily sexual. You have someone to “hook up” with, but without all the time, obligation, energy, and stress that may accompany a relationship. When you have an FWB, you are free to experiment and enjoy the pleasure without most of the pain; unless one of you develops feelings and emotions – which often happens. Feelings seem to be the most likely side effect that may result from an FWB arrangement. One person may want a more emotionally intimate relationship. Another person may develop a liking, even love, for their sex buddy. If the feelings aren’t reciprocated, someone can end up feeling used. Because FWBs are free

to sleep with other people, it’s not uncommon for feelings of jealousy to arise. One disadvantage includes a greater exposure to sexual risks. Some people feel safer with a FWB because they think they “know” them better than a stranger they just met at a party. Having a sex buddy doesn’t guarantee safer sex. If your FWB has several other sex buddies (the ones they keep secret from you in order to spare all those potential feelings), you can expect more exposure to sexually transmitted infections such as herpes, chlamydia, genital warts, and more. Having sex with an FWB only works well as long as both people play by the same accepted ground rules (which could change): the “relationship” is about sex and convenience without commitment or emotional intimacy. For many, these terms may feel like an unacceptable substitute for companionship. No matter what kind of relationship you are in, the best way to avoid hurt feelings and confusion is to be clear about your expectations from the start.

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Wednesday, September 12 - Tuesday, September 18, 2018

The Daily Wildcat • 7

NEWS | STUDENT HEALTH

A sex-cellent report: low campus STD rates despite Tinder, hookup culture BY ALANA MINKLER @alana_m143

Your next hookup may only be a Tinder swipe away. But would you swipe right so eagerly knowing that your next partner may have an STD? With the rates of sexually transmitted diseases increasing nationwide, Campus Health recommends taking precaution when participating in “hookup culture.” However, the Campus Health 2017 Health & Wellness Survey indicates that not all students are recklessly hooking up with people. Role of online dating in the increased STD rates Many people question the impact and role of online dating and hookup culture for young adults – especially for college students. However, it is not yet proven that online dating really does play a role in the rising numbers of STDs. The rise in dating aps like Tinder and participation in “hookup culture” does not appear to be affecting many students at UA. In fact, of the 5,438 UA undergraduates surveyed in the 2017 Health & Wellness Survey, about 85 percent said they had either no sexual partners over the past school year or had only one partner. On the other hand, 59 percent of those who were sexually active had not been tested for STDs within the past year. Data on STDs among students may be hard to truly gauge; however, David Salafsky, director of Health Promotion and Preventive Services at Campus Health, said “one of the issues about asking [whether someone has been tested for STDs] on a survey is that can be a difficult question to ask … We know those numbers tend to be lower than the reality.” National increased rates of STDs National surveys on adolescent and young adult STDs differ from the surveys conducted by Campus Health. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention’s 2016 Sexually Transmitted Diseases Surveillance reported significant increases of STD rates among adolescents and young adults. According to the report, there were a record-breaking 2 million cases of chlamydia, gonorrhea and syphilis in the United States. Syphilis rates increased substantially in both adolescent and young adult males and females, rising by 13 percent among 15 to 19-year-olds. Salafsky said these national reports make him question if what they are seeing is a true increase.

“It appears that we are [seeing an increase in STD testing] and then again, the next question is: why is this happening? What’s the role of Tinder and online dating apps to kind of facilitate some of this? Do we need to do more in terms of talking about testing and condom usage and those types of things on the public health side?” Salafsky said. Public perception vs. what we know Lee Ann Hamilton, the assistant director of Health Promotion & Preventive Services and a public health educator for over 30 years at the UA, discussed how there are apparently rising rates in STDs nationwide and students should take precautions. “You know when your friend has strep throat, they tell you. You don’t know when your friend has chlamydia,” Hamilton said. “[There is] this perception that [STDs are] not out there, but we’re seeing higher and higher rates.” Salafsky said that he thinks it’s a possibility that online dating could play a factor. He also adds that the high concern over HIV in the 80s caused people to be very aware of practicing safer sex and condom use, but Salafsky said he wonders if now “we’re kind of getting complacent where we are seeing less precautions being taken to have safer sex.” There are more factors at play than just the misconception that a rise in online dating necessarily means a rise in reckless behavior among college students. “I think that the perception is that everybody’s doing it and everybody’s sexually active, but, you know, a fifth of the students [say they] have never had sex,” Salafsky said. Preventing STDs Hamilton acknowledged that most people would “rather have sex without a condom. But the reality is that condoms are really effective in preventing STDs and can prevent the things we’re seeing such a [rise] in,” including syphilis, chlamydia, and gonorrhea. To prevent STDs, she advised everyone to be selective in partners, have partners get tested before sexual activity and use condoms. Campus Health provides free condoms every Friday. “Campus Health is a convenient and wellutilized resource on campus for STD testing,” Salafsky said. “The resources are there … it’s about awareness and getting the message out there. Not all students are doing it and, you know, I think despite what we’re seeing maybe nationally and maybe in some parts of the population, it doesn’t characterize what we see overall, necessarily.”

JESUS BARRERA| THE DAILY WILDCAT

THE UA'S HEALTH PROMOTION and Preventative Services at Campus Health Service gives out free condoms on Free Condom Fridays. sixty-eight percent of the UA student body reported using condoms during the Campus Health and Wellness Survey, and the university is ranked as one of the top five universities in the country for sexual health.


8 • The Daily Wildcat

Wednesday, September 12 - Tuesday, September 18, 2018

ARTS & LIFE | CAMPUS SPOTLIGHT

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LGBTQ+ frat & sorority take pride in inclusive Greek chapters BY AMBER SOLAND @DailyWildcat

South Stadium Garage Opening Fall 2017

With 56 fraternities and sororities on campus, Greek Life is a significant aspect of University of Arizona culture. Although it is steadily becoming more inclusive, LGBTQ+ involvement in fraternities and sororities is a relatively new subject. According to the National Multicultural Greek Council, multicultural fraternal organizations began to rise on college campuses in the 1980s after the Civil Rights movement. “Most of our predominantly white organizations had exclusionary clauses, so you had to be white in order to join, and that wasn’t really lifted until the late 70s, early 80s,” said Marcos Guzman, senior coordinator for UA Fraternity & Sorority Programs. “Students of color couldn’t join, so a lot of culturally- and multiculturally-based organizations started to pop up to meet the needs of students of color who wanted to join fraternal organizations.” Now, there are thousands of culturaland identity-based chapter houses across the U.S. At the UA there are more than 20 organizations founded by

members of minority groups. “Those exclusionary clauses don’t exist anymore,” Guzman said. “All of our organizations are all-inclusive, including those that are cultural- and identity-based. You don’t have to be [Latina] to join a Latina organization, you just have to appreciate that portion of their founding.” Despite this diversity, LGBTQ+ fraternal organizations are few and far between. Such organizations began sprouting only a decade or so ago and are very new to the fraternal community. There are two social Greek organizations at the UA for LGBTQ+ students — Delta Lambda Phi and Gamma Rho Lambda. Both belong to the United Sorority and Fraternity Council, the UA council for cultural and identity fraternal organizations. USFC is comprised of 11 fraternities and six sororities. According to Guzman, members of the LGBT community exist in all of the UA Greek Life counsels, but there are no statistics to help gauge how numerous LGBTQ+ students are within UA fraternal organizations. “Our organizations are value based,

GREEK LIFE, 9


The Daily Wildcat • 9

Wednesday, September 12 - Tuesday, September 18, 2018

ARTS & LIFE | CAMPUS SPOTLIGHT

GREEK LIFE FROM PAGE 8

our organizations are accepting. Their whole purpose is to make students feel like they are welcome,” Guzman said. While most fraternal organizations in the U.S. cannot necessarily exclude LGBTQ+ characters from membership — and some even have specific policies of non-discrimination that are explicitly inclusive of LGBTQ+ members — there is often a lack of understanding between members. This lack of education and miscommunication is often why, although fraternities and sororities are non-discriminatory, LGBTQ+ individuals may benefit from social fraternities and sororities. “You can be gay in another fraternity and be accepted, but you may still hear lots of slurs or ‘that’s so gay’, like we’re in fifth grade,” said Brandon Neth, senior and president of Delta Lambda Phi, an allinclusive fraternity for LGBTQ+ and progressive men. “That can be really discouraging because you’re supposedly brothers with these individuals, but they are saying that stuff.” According to Neth, despite the progress society has made to acceptance and the growing awareness of the LGBTQ+ community, there is an obvious air of heteronormativity in Greek life that is hard to escape. He said this is because of how long fraternities and sororities have existed — some for hundreds of years. “Fraternities and sororities are things that are built on tradition [that connect you to the past],” Neth said. “I think that connecting to your past is good, but with that comes baggage that also connects you to the ideals and viewpoints of the past. It takes a little more to break those heteronormative ideas than it would otherwise.” Lexie Palmer, junior and president of the allinclusive LGBTQ+ sorority Gamma Rho Lambda, had trouble choosing a chapter house because of this, as Palmer identifies as neither male nor female. Because of their gender identity, Palmer had difficulty choosing an organization when they decided they wanted to be a part of Greek Life. “I had this assumption of what Greek Life was — of what Interfraternity and Panhellenic Council is — and that wasn’t really what I wanted, especially because of the way I identify,” Palmer said. “Typically, sororities use the term ‘sisters’, and I wouldn’t really be comfortable being in an organization that refers to me as something I am not.” Although Palmer was sure if a non-binary or gender-nonconforming person wished to join a fraternity or sorority, the organization would be very accommodating, Palmer appreciates the unique environment Gamma Rho Lambda provides, where they can be themself. “It’s not that other organizations on campus are not accepting of the LGBT community, that is so not the case,” Neth said. “But [Gamma Rho Lambda and Delta Lambda Phi are] more overt about it. Because it is such a queer-accepting environment, the heteronormativity is no longer there.” There is no doubt that social exclusivity is one of the greatest appeals of Greek Life, according to Guzman. Trying to balance that appeal with

COURTESY BRANDON NETH

Members of Delta Lambda Phi, Omega chapter, on Mount Lemmon in Tucson on March 31, 2017.

nondiscrimination is a difficult task sometimes. Each organization has its own set of values, their own set of principles. When they are looking for new members, they are looking for people who align with their values and principles. “The line between inclusivity and exclusivity in Greek life is a very interesting dichotomy,” Neth said. “Greek Life, by definition, is an exclusive thing. And that can cause social biases because you essentially have the ability to select the exact kind of person you want.” This is why Fraternity and Sorority Programs exists: to encourage fraternities and sororities to understand that values and principles of individual personality is completely separate from race, nationality, economic class, disability, sexuality, gender or gender identity. “Every day I am blown away by everything that [FSP] does to push chapters towards being inclusive of sexuality, race, socioeconomic class, disabilities, all kinds of things that FSP is doing to push chapters to be better,” Neth said. FSP enforces Standards of Excellence, an accreditation program that every chapter must complete and live up to: Academics, Leadership & Involvement, Global Citizenship & Human Dignity, Chapter Management, Membership Education & Development, Recruitment/Outreach and Health and Wellness. As part of Global Citizenship and Human Dignity, all chapters are asked to host events and educational opportunities where they may learn something about different cultures or identities that their chapter may not fully align to.

“An example would be, if your organization is predominantly white men, we want you to engage in certain opportunities that allow you to learn about different cultures, different identities, that are distinctly different than the norm in your organization,” Guzman said. FSP has various educational opportunities every year, like an ongoing speaker series that 40 percent of every chapter is required to attend that helps educate and promote awareness on different, high profile topics. There is one talk every semester — something about a current issue in the fall and spring break safety in the spring. On Sept. 12, this semester’s talk will be about campus racism. There has never been a speaker on LGBTQ+ issues, but it is something that FSP is actively looking into. “What we can do, as educators, is educate on these types of topics,” Guzman said. “What do you do if a brother comes out, how to listen and talk with them and how to show that they care? Because that is what we are all about — brotherhood, sisterhood, we like to use the term “‘siblinghood.’” The LGBTQ Resource Center also has many programs designed to encourage inclusiveness and awareness all across campus, not just within fraternities and sororities — like the Safe Zone, a training program aiming to shift campus attitude towards the LGBTQ+ community. “Most fraternities have principles that are about improving yourself,” Nesh said. “There is no reason that shouldn’t include people who aren’t like you.”


10 • The Daily Wildcat

Wednesday, September 12 - Tuesday, September 18, 2018

NEWS | HUMAN RIGHTS DISCUSSIONS

Speaker series explores Native American justice BY ALANA MINKLER @alana_m143

This semester’s Indigenous Peoples Law and Policy Center Speaker Series will take a legal viewpoint exploring Indigenous Peoples’ search for social justice and rights. The series began Wednesday, with Alfred Urbina, the assistant attorney general of the Tohono O’odham Nation, as the first speaker. What is it about? The series, which is funded by the IPLP program, focuses on promoting human rights or social justice for Indigenous Peoples. Rebecca Tsosie, law professor and faculty co-chair for the IPLP, said, “I’m really excited about our speaker series because it features well-known Native attorneys and leaders in the field” as well as Native University of Arizona alumni. Why should students go? “I just think [the speaker series is] a unique opportunity for any student really interested in learning about advocating to communities

that are overlooked,” said Justin Boro, assistant director of the IPLP program. Boro said students should check out the discussions if they want to get involved in advocacy or social justice in communities often overlooked by the justice system. These events could also provide a networking opportunity for students interested in the law program. “For graduate or undergraduate students who are Native, I think this is also a great opportunity for them, whether they are thinking about becoming a lawyer or they’re just kind of curious about current topics in the practice of law within tribal communities,” Boro said. History of the IPLP Speaker Series “Indigenous Peoples around the world are kind of united in very similar struggles about sovereignty and self-determination, land rights, religious freedom, environmental rights …” Tsosie said. She added that students of Indigenous heritage will find a lot of the topics the speakers address familiar.

police

beat

BY VANESSA ONTIVEROS @nessamagnifique

that’s gonna hurt Getting into a fight at a frat house may be a movie trope, but it probably was not how one out-of-town man wanted to spend his time in Tucson. However, that’s exactly what happened on the night of Aug. 25. UAPD officers arrived at Coronado Residence Hall around 11 p.m. after being called in for an earlier assault. Once there, the officers made contact with a man who reported being physically assaulted at the Theta Chi fraternity house. The man, who said he was from San Diego and visiting his girlfriend, was still bleeding from the nose. The Tucson Fire Department and UA Emergency Medical Services arrived to provide aid to the man.

Run through of the program Urbina, the first speaker, is a graduate of the Arizona Law’s IPLP program, a veteran and a member of the Pascua Yaqui Tribe. He talked about the intersections between criminal justice system, public health and safety and child welfare within tribal communities. According to Boro, Urbina will help students by sharing his own career path and providing a broad look at what’s going on currently in the Native community. Wenona Benally, the second speaker in the series, is an Arizona state house representative for District 7 and another UA alumna. She holds a Masters of Laws degree in the IPLP program and one in public policy. She will share her experience in legislature work, including her life pathway and impact of her work. Ethel Branch, attorney general of the Navajo Nation and the last speaker in the series, will discuss the importance of asserting authority within the law. Her discussion will include the Navajo Nation’s efforts to assert their sovereignty. The series is a unique opportunity for any student

One of the officers took several photographs of the man’s injuries as evidence and proceeded to interview him. The man told the officer that he was at a party at Theta Chi with his girlfriend, when one of the frat members approached him and told him to leave. The man said that he would leave as soon as he found his girlfriend, from whom he had been separated. The frat member and the man then allegedly began to exchange vulgar language. Then, according to the man, the frat member blindsided him with a punch. At this point, the man said he blacked out and had no idea how he got to Coronado. The other officer then went to the Theta Chi fraternity house, where he was able to make contact with the frat member who punched the man. The member told the officer that the man had arrived at the party earlier that night but had been asked to leave. While the frat member was escorting him out, the man allegedly flipped him off, shoved him and punched him. The frat member said that it was his “natural reaction” to punch the man back. A Student Code of Conduct sanction was forwarded to the Dean of Students for the frat

COURTESY ALFRED URBINA

ALFRED URBINA, SPEAKER FOR the IPLP program, is a graduate of the UA College of Law IPLP program, a veteran and a member of the Pascua Yaqui.

to learn about navigating communities. It is open to the public, and food is provided. If students want to attend the next

member’s involvement in the assault. Neither party wished to press criminal charges.

the tipping point This Uber driver probably won’t be getting a five-star review after a trip on Aug. 25 ended with him and his passenger getting into a fight. A UAPD officer was driving her patrol vehicle at approximately 3 a.m. when she noticed a car parked near Park Student Union with three men and one woman standing around it. When they noticed the officer, two of the men and the woman approached the vehicle. One of the men told the officer that the third man was the driver for an Uber trip he had just taken. He said that the driver refused to give the man his luggage due to a disagreement the two were having about a tip. According to the driver, who was from Phoenix, he accepted the ride request from the man but attempted to cancel the trip when he learned that it would be all the way to Tucson. The man then pressed the driver, saying he would pay him a $60 cash tip if he made the journey. The driver agreed. When they arrived in Tucson, however, the

lecture on Oct. 1, they should RSVP by email to law-iplp@email. arizona.edu.

man told him that he would not tip the driver in cash. At this point, the driver alleges, the man punched the driver in the jaw and abdomen before fleeing the scene. He then returned, trying to pay the tip when the officer arrived. The officer then spoke with the passenger. The man told her that he had flown into Phoenix from New York to visit his girlfriend, the female witness. He told the driver that he would give him a tip if he drove to Tucson. He meant for the tip to be paid through the Uber app. When they arrived the driver asked for a cash tip of $200 and would not release the man’s luggage until he received it. Then, according to the man, the driver grabbed the front of the man’s shirt and pushed him. The push caused the driver to fall and hit his face. The male and female witnesses gave accounts that matched with the man’s story. Based on all she had heard, the officer determined that the driver had instigated the fight by grabbing the man. The man did not wish to press charges. He paid the Uber fare and left the scene with the witnesses.


The Daily Wildcat • 11

Wednesday, September 12 - Tuesday, September 18, 2018

NEWS | NEW SERVICE

App allows students to rent out their cars BY MARQUIES WHITE @marquies_white

The new Lula app is bringing peer-to-peer car rentals to campuses across the nation, including the University of Arizona. Lula, also known as LulaRides, is available to any college student 18 years old or older. Through Lula, students can rent their cars to other students for times and prices of their own choosing. “As the car owner, it’s like running your own business,” said Matthew Vega-Sanz, CEO and co-founder of Lula. “Lula is there to help by providing the medium and the insurance.” Lula ensures that car owners are in total control of who is using their vehicle. “When someone requests to rent your vehicle, you can take a look at their profile and decide to deny or accept their request, usually based on the times they want your car,” Vega-Sanz said. To ensure Lula is only being used by responsible drivers, potential users will have to go through a background check. Lula will make sure that an applicant is who they claim to be, has never been convicted of

driving under the influence or does not have campuses. He wants Lula to be available to graduates as they leave college and branch too many points on their driving record. out into their careers. If a rental car is ever involved in a crash, “We think we have a shot at making Lula’s million-dollar insurance policy will transportation more affordable and more keep the car owner covered. The car owner sustainable in the long run,” Vega-Sanz said. can go through Lula’s insurance partner He also said he wants to save students instead of their own insurance company to money. get their car repaired. While a car is being “As college students who repaired, Lula will provide the grew up in not-the-best owner with a stipend to help financial situation and grew up them cover any transportation in love with nature, we see the costs, according to Vega-Sanz. financial and environmental The insurance also covers car tolls caused by transportation,” theft, which is very rare in the Vega-Sanz said. “We want to be car rental industry, according able to make an impact, and we to Vega-Sanz. see Lula as our way.” “The larger fear is that Along with saving money, owners may try to manipulate COURTESY LULA Vega-Sanz says he hopes that the [insurance] policy so they Lula will help the environment. can get money or certain issues fixed in “Studies show that for every one car their car using Lula’s insurance instead of added on a car sharing platform, almost their own,” Vega-Sanz said. “At the moment, 50 metric tons of carbon dioxide can be Lula’s insurance will run an investigation, eliminated from the atmosphere,” Vegaand if the car was stolen without any foul Sanz said. “We want to reduce the cars on play by the owner, they will get the [car’s] the street so that the air my kids breathe is cash value back to them.” a little cleaner, so that the air the animals Vega-Sanz has big plans for Lula and breathe is a little cleaner. That’s one thing hopes to expand Lula out from just college

that really motivates us.” When approached by the Daily Wildcat, some students said that they would use this app. “I would rent a student’s car, since you are able to independently transport yourself,” pre-business freshman Psalm Davis said when asked if he would rather use an Uber or a car rental service. Sophomore Danielle Linville agreed. “I would rent my car out because it would be insured and if someone needs a car, I’d be willing to help them while getting paid,” Linville said. “I’m not using the car, so I might as well put it to good use.” However, other students said they will stick to Uber or Lyft. “I would rather use an Uber or Lyft to get around,” freshman Brianna Birney said. “If I were to rent someone else’s car, I would have to consider a lot of factors like if the car was stolen, or if it was a scam.” Lula launched on the Apple Store for free Sept. 1 and is planned to hit the Google Play store in early 2019. For more information and special offers for campus groups, contact Matthew VegaSanz at matthew@lularides.com.

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12 • The Daily Wildcat

Wednesday, September 12 - Tuesday, September 18, 2018

SCIENCE | CANCER RESEARCH

Researchers link cancer treatment, pain relief BY RANDALL ECK @reck999

John Streicher, assistant professor of pharmacology, opened his laboratory at the University of Arizona three years ago and has focused his research on opioid receptors involved in the regulation of pain, as well as their molecular pathways and signaling, ever since. Currently, Carrie Stine, an undergraduate in the Streicher lab and a biochemistry and molecular and cellular biology senior, along with other lab members, are examining the role of a specific protein in opioid receptor signaling — Hsp90. Heat shock protein 90 is in a special category of proteins called chaperones, according to Stine. Chaperones, among other things, help ensure other proteins are built or folded correctly, and therefore can carry out their jobs. Hsp90 is specifically known to help fold oncogenes, those proteins implicated in supporting cancerous tumor growth. While many researchers at the UA are studying opioids and pain, Streicher’s lab takes a unique approach to their research and hopes to develop painrelieving drugs without the side effects of opioids by examining opioid receptors and the cellular actions they are involved in at the molecular level. While examining these molecular pathways, Streicher and Stine noticed Hsp90 plays a role in the regulation of pain. Because Hsp90 is a target in popular cancer treatments, the protein’s

appearance in their pathways caught the researchers’ attention. “People inhibit the function of Hsp90 to treat cancer, but this course of treatment could severely block opioid receptors’ ability to modulate pain,” Streicher said. While this effect is not seen in all forms of cancer, in Streicher’s mouse model it does appear to dramatically reduce opioid efficiency in relieving pain for specific cancer types. “For some cancers, like bone cancer, Hsp90 inhibition is like a nuclear bomb,” Streicher said. Streicher and Stine have observed that opioid drugs, such as morphine, are less effective at relieving pain in bone cancer models and can even exacerbate cancer. This can initiate a detrimental cycle of increasing pain and increasing cancer growth. Streicher and Stine hope their observations can help specialists inform their judgments when deciding the best course of treatment for cancer and its associated pain. While manipulating Hsp90 may have its drawbacks, it is a tool to fight cancer and, according to Streicher and Stine, could also be used as a tool to fight opioid addiction. “While Hsp90 has not yet been studied in an addiction model, Hsp90 has been shown to make opioids more effective in the spinal cord without increasing the reward signals that we associate with addiction,” Streicher said. Further research could help produce better ways to relieve pain that are less addictive and are

COURTESY JOHN STREICHER

JOHN STREICHER, RIGHT, AN assistant professor of pharmacology at UA, is doing research on how heat shock protein 90 plays a role in cancer treatments. He is assisted by undergraduate student Carrie Stine, center, and senior Caleb Kim, left, who is majoring in molecular and cellular biology.

accompanied by fewer side effects. According to Streicher, Stine has played a critical role in the lab’s recent detour into the study of pain in cancer. Stine gave a presentation on her work in the lab at Experimental Biology this year, an annual research conference attended by scientists from around the world. Stine is also writing a research paper based on her data to be submitted to The Journal of Pain for publication next year. For Stine, the chance to work

behind the scenes on a research project has helped her solidify her career goals and future plans. “I am applying to graduate programs in pharmacology and genetics this fall and hope one day to become a research professor on a university campus,” Stine said. During the last two years, Streicher has watched Stine grow and gain more independence in the lab. For Streicher, part of his job is to help undergraduates in his lab become better scientists. “I try to help teach

undergraduates how to be good scientists and foster their independence in research,” Streicher said. After graduation, Stine looks forward to continuing her research in a new lab studying fascinating and impactful questions. Stine and Streicher’s research is supported by UA’s Undergraduate Biology Research Program and an Arizona Biomedical Research Grant as well as by the National Institutes of Health.

Cell communication crashes can cause cancer BY RANDALL ECK @reck999

Communication is key. Take relationships, for example. When communication breaks down, the results can be cancerous. Like in society, communication between the cells of our body is critical, as Janis Burt, a professor of physiology at the University of Arizona, discovered in her lab. Burt’s laboratory, located in the Medical Research Building, studies a class of proteins called connexins

which are responsible for communication between all our cells, but that just scratches the surface of their roles. “Think of connexins being like a cell phone. Their primary purpose is communication from one person to another, but modern phones have apps that allow them to do many other things in addition to communication,” Burt said. “In our bodies, connexins do many other things in addition to communication, just like the apps on our phone.” In the cells of the vascular system, which is responsible for carrying blood throughout the

body, a specific connexin protein, connexin 37, communicates to surrounding cells and tells them not multiply to maintain the structure of the system. When this cell talk is disrupted, cancerous tumors can hijack the system and direct more and more resources their way as well as open up highways of movement around the body. Yet, some of connexin 37’s functions could also be harnessed as a tool to fight cancer, according to Burt.

CELL COMMUNICATION, 13


The Daily Wildcat • 13

Wednesday, September 12 - Tuesday, September 18, 2018

CELL COMMUNICATION FROM PAGE 12

cancer growth. An alternative state could be used to help heal wounds. Additionally, Alamban is examining other ways connexin 37 could change in its structure. For example, one question Alamban is asking is: Does a shorter form of connexin 37 have independent and unique functions? With all this data in mind, Burt said she believes connexin 37 can be engineered to serve our particular needs within the body. By changing its structure and delivering it to specific cells, connexin 37 could be developed to fight cancer and more. Engineering connexin 37 will not necessarily be easy. It will take hard work and creativity. Over 35 years into her research at the UA, Burt has found working closely with undergraduates like Alamban is invaluable to this process. “Undergraduates have different ways of looking at things and help me think outside of the box,” Burt said. According to Burt, they are smart and talented, but, more importantly, they ask questions that change her way of thinking. For Alamban, having the chance to work in a lab has positively impacted his college career, even helping him discover his passion for science and research. “I initially thought going into medicine was the only way for me to make a significant impact on people’s lives. However, my science courses and lab experience have taught me that the field of research has a similar impact and comes with … a great sense of discovery as well,” Alamban said. While researching the necessity of cell communication, the benefits of communication between mentors and students seems to have also found its way into the data. Alamban and Burt’s research has been supported by UA’s Undergraduate Biology Research Program, COURTESY ANDREW ALAMBAN the National Institutes ANDREW ALAMBAN, A JUNIOR at UA who studies molecular and cellular biology, does research in Janis Burt’s research lab. Burt’s of Health and the UA research examines how cells communicate with each other. College of Medicine.

“The data we have available for connexin 37 suggests that specific forms of the protein can induce cell death or suppress growth. Both of these functions could be useful in combating cancer,” Burt said. One of the key concepts of biology is that the function of proteins, otherwise thought of as our cellular machines, are determined by their structure. For Andrew Alamban, a molecular and cellular biology junior, the structure of connexion 37 has driven his research in the Burt lab for the last year. One of the most common ways to change a protein’s function is to change its structure. Our cells do this all the time, not by making new proteins, but rather by attaching a molecule called a phosphate to already created proteins, according to Alamban. “We have lots of data indicating that function of the full-length connexin 37 protein is modulated by whether and where its tail structure is phosphorylated,” Alamban said. According to Alamban, this pattern of phosphate attachment could be thought of as a switch. One pattern for connexin 37 could potentially suppress

U.S. Constitution Week September 17-21, 2018 Join the Dean of Students Office, UAPD and the Rehnquist Center in commemorating the 231st Anniversary of the signing of the U.S. Constitution Monday, September 17 CONSTITUTION DAY 2018 Annual Supreme Court Review 1:00 pm – 4:00 pm at the UA James E. Rodgers College of Law Ares Auditorium

Tuesday, September 18 CONSTITUTIONAL COFFEE CHAT with the Dean of Students Office and UAPD 10:00 am – 2:00 pm Free coffee, conversation and pocket-sized copies of the U.S. Constitution, UA Mall

Thursday, September 20 FIRST AMENDMENT MONITOR TRAINING 1:00 pm in  Nugent Room 102

Friday, September 21 FIRST AMENDMENT MONITOR TRAINING 10:00 am in Nugent Room 102

VISIT https://deanofstudents.arizona.edu/first-amendment/ speak-your-peace-calendar for more details.

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14 • The Daily Wildcat

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Wednesday, September 12 - Tuesday, September 18, 2018

The Daily Wildcat • 15

NEWS | STADIUM CONSTRUCTION

Remodeling continues at AZ Stadium Construction that began in May is still on-going, despite promises of being complete by the first game. The updates will bring fans seating upgrades and two new patio areas for ZonaZoo BY EDDIE CELAYA @ReporterEddie

This summer, Arizona Stadium was the subject of a $25 million facelift, targeting the stadium’s east concourse and seating areas. Where there once sat open space between the pillars, which hold the giant stands full of fans, now rest a row of concessions stands and refurbished bathrooms. The project is part of an athletic-department-wide $66 million effort that includes upgrades for multiple sports venues and facilities, known as the Capital Improvement Plan. Associated Students of the University of Arizona President Natalynn Masters, a member of the ZonaZoo, said she was excited to see the new additions since many affect and are geared toward Zoo members. She missed the stadium’s “soft opening” versus BYU. “When they come to games, whether it be football or whatever, we’re here to provide an experience,” she said. The new concourse and seating upgrades are part of Phase 1 of the planned Arizona Stadium remodel and will wrap up before Arizona’s next home game against Southern Utah on Sept. 15, according to Thomas Harris, assistant director of marketing for the athletic department. Phase 2, which will include upgrades to club-level seating also on the stadium’s east side, will begin after the football season. Director of Athletics Dave Heeke expanded on those changes. During a press conference and lunch in July, Heeke touted some of the new architectural upgrades made inside of the stadium, particularly the new “patio areas” added into the east bleachers, which the ZonaZoo occupies. “We had a lot of conversation with the architects and the designers,” Heeke said. “I think the students will really like it; it’s just an area they can just kind of hang out. They don’t like to sit down all the time and stay in one location.” That changing fan behavior is what precipitated many of the changes

MADELEINE VICECONTE | THE DAILY WILDCAT

ARIZONA STADIUM WILL BE adding additional seats in the ZonaZoo fan section. More than 51,000 fans attended the first home game against BYU, and crowds are expected to increase once the ZonaZoo remodel is complete.

throughout the remodeled stadium. That’s just smart business, according to Heeke. Gone are the days of students coming and standing in one spot to cheer the entire game. “Students want kind of a different experience than ‘let’s all go in and rally and sing the fight song,’” Heeke said. “They want to be able to be connected with their phones and devices. They want socializing space; they want to move around.” During a private tour of the new upgrades at Arizona Stadium, Harris added that changes like more ramps into the stadium, the patio areas and a lower wall separating the playing field from the bleachers do more than just add to the average gameday experience. “It’s better for our folks in wheelchairs. It makes the stadium more ADAcompliant,” Harris said, pointing out that the patio areas would also be outfitted with furniture for fans to relax and “make it a VIP atmosphere.” The new additions to Arizona Stadium were made possible by the student athletic fee. The $50-per-semester fee was implemented for each class of undergraduates who have enrolled at UA since 2017 and is expected to raise a total of $3.2 million per year, according to a UA press release. By using money raised from the athletic fee, along with a $5 million gift from an anonymous donor, the UA was able to gather enough capital to borrow an additional $75 million to fully fund the on-going projects to Arizona Stadium and across athletics facilities, according to a UA press release. So far, Heeke said feedback from student-athletes and fans alike has been positive. Although some work was unfinished, 51,002 fans poured into Arizona Stadium for the season opener against BYU as was announced at the game. It was UA’s largest home crowd since 2015. Still, even with all the new bells and whistles, Heeke said he knows it’s ultimately up to how engaged the students are with the product, both on the field and in the stands. “The students help set the tone and the atmosphere inside the building,” he said.

MADELEINE VICECONTE | THE DAILY WILDCAT

THOMAS HARRIS, ASSISTANT DIRECTOR of marketing and fan experience for Arizona Athletics, explains the improvements to Arizona Stadium. Nearly $25 million was spent on the remodel.


16 • The Daily Wildcat

Wednesday, September 12 - Tuesday, September 18, 2018

SPORTS | FOOTBALL

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The 45-18 drubbing to Houston on Saturday put Arizona at 0-2 to begin the season, the first time the Wildcats have gone winless in the first two games since 1981. Given the high expectations that come with the arrival of new Head Coach Kevin Sumlin, losing the first two games has come as a shock to many. Here is a closer look at the key numbers through the first eight quarters of the season.

1.5

Arizona quarterback Khalil Tate has averaged just 1.5 yards per carry so far after leading the nation with 9.2 ypc in 2017. All of Tate’s rushing numbers have been paltry through two games, because, when the junior has used his legs, he has not found much room to run. Tate rushed eight times in the season opener against BYU and Sumlin said that he would utilize his quarterback’s mobility more heading into game two. However, Tate hurt his leg early in the first quarter at Houston and only managed eight rushing yards. The way Tate’s skill set has been used through two games has been under scrutiny and his inability to provide a spark in the running game has severely hindered UA’s offense.

52 PERCENT

career.arizona.edu

Another Tate statistic, but this one has to do with his arm. The Wildcat QB has only completed 41 of his 79 passes (52 percent). Tate’s completion percentage ranks last among 12 qualified Pac-12 quarterbacks. Offensive Coordinator Noel Mazzone said this offseason that he planned to turn Arizona into a more passing-oriented unit, but the ‘Cats haven’t

been efficient when going to the air. Tate completed 62 percent of his throws last year and the expectation was that he had improved this summer. However, he has yet to show signs of growth as he continues to struggle in the intermediate passing game.

0

Arizona’s defense continues to be the team’s Achilles heel. Through two games against nonPower 5 schools (BYU and Houston) here is the combined total of sacks and takeaways for Arizona: 0. The Wildcats rank last in the Pac-12 in both categories, as Marcel Yates’s unit has been out muscled, especially in the trenches. Despite the claims that the defensive players had gotten bigger and stronger this offseason, they have yet to show it.

21

The Wildcats have also surrendered 21 points in a quarter to an opponent on two separate occasions. The first time came in the third quarter of the home opener versus BYU where the Cats were outscored 21-0. A week later, UA got punched in the mouth right out of the gate as Houston jumped out to a 21-0 lead in the first quarter.

139.5

Arizona’s offense is at its peak when Tate has success running the ball, but the Wildcats shouldn’t have as much difficulty running the ball as they currently do. A year after leading the Pac-12 with 309.3 rushing yards per game, the Cats are now averaging less than half that (139.5). The offensive line’s run blocking has typically been one of the strengths of the team, but, with a new center in Josh McCauley and the absence of tackle Layth Friekh, Arizona has been a belowaverage running unit.


Wednesday, September 12 - Tuesday, September 18, 2018

The Daily Wildcat • 17

SPORTS | FOOTBALL ANALYSIS

Houston, we have lots of problems The game that was supposed to get the Wildcats back on track quickly turned into a nightmare in front of a national TV audience for Kevin Sumlin and Co. ANALYSIS

BY ROB KLEIFIELD @RobKleifield

Kevin Sumlin’s first game at Arizona Stadium last weekend ended in disappointing fashion. His return to the University of Houston this weekend was disastrous to say the least. The first-year Arizona head coach has struggled to determine his team’s identity during his first two games at the helm. Arizona fought back only to fall short in week one. The game was summed up as a missed opportunity to let Khalil Tate pick up where he left off in 2017. This weekend, though, solidified concerns that have been lingering about the program since Rich Rodriguez’s days. Arizona’s defense is not an elite unit, or even an above average one at that, and its offense is mortally dependent on its rushing attack. Despite a new regime and a preconceived notion that the Wildcats were entering a “new era”, Arizona hasn’t proven that it has evolved in any facet of play. Offensively, Arizona was as ineffective as its been in recent years on Saturday. Starting quarterback Tate did tweak his ankle early in the first quarter, presumably altering offensive coordinator Noel Mazzone’s game plan to utilize his field general in the run game, but Tate’s inability to move on the ground cannot be the Wildcats’ Achilles’ heel. Tate’s special ability as a ball carrier should be one of the team’s defining strengths — not the offense’s only. Arizona experienced as sluggish of a start possible on both sides of the ball. After choosing to defer the opening coin toss, contradicting last week’s choice to receive, the Wildcats’ defense was thrust into the Houston humidity. Ten plays and 81 yards later, the Cougars scored the game’s first touchdown. Houston’s offense would continue to pile on the points, and yardage, until Arizona booted its first three points onto the board late in the third quarter. By that point, the Wildcats trailed 38-3. All wasn’t lost, as Arizona’s offense made a late push in the fourth quarter, similar to last weekend’s comeback. The Wildcats ultimately couldn’t overcome their self-imposed, 35-point deficit though. Tate attempted 45 passes — setting a new career high – and threw for 341 yards, but he also tossed two interceptions and contributed next to nothing on the ground (he did find the end zone on a short run in the 4th). Although the junior signal-caller displayed encouragement on the sidelines – something he lacked in the defeat to BYU — and kept coming back for more, it simply wasn’t his day. Houston’s defense

COURTESY CORBIN AYERS | DAILY COUGAR

HOUSTON QUARTERBACK D’ERIQ KING (4) scores a touchdown against Arizona. The Wildcats were defeated by the Cougars 45-18 on Sept. 8. The Cougars led by as much as 31 points on the day as the home team dominated the game from start to finish.

was zeroed in on Tate’s antics on the ground and was more than ready for his predictable passes deep down field. Tate clearly brings the X-factor to Arizona’s backfield as a runner, but as long as his usage is limited, he’ll need to start to improve as a passer. Otherwise the Wildcats offense will be in store for a long and uneventful season. Defensively, the ‘Cats continue to be plagued by a number of issues, and they’re all beginning to yield too big of a toll to overcome. Arizona’s secondary on Saturday was littered with back-ups and freshmen. A lack of leadership in the back end proved to be an enormous challenge for the Wildcats. The secondary surrendered four passing touchdowns, but it very easily could have been five or six, if not for dropped balls by Houston’s receivers. Versus the run, Arizona’s defense was almost nonexistent.

Houston carved up the Wildcats’ front seven for all four quarters, sporting a 7.4-yard-per-carry average en route to 297 rushing yards and an additional two scores. The most concerning part of Arizona’s defensive performance, however, was the fact that if Houston hadn’t taken its foot off the gas, there’s no telling how many yards or chunk plays the Cougars could have racked up. It was an embarrassing day for the Wildcats on all fronts, as they fell for the second consecutive week. Sumlin’s return to his old stomping grounds might have been better off canceled. Arizona has little time left to work out kinks on both sides of the ball before starting Pac-12 competition. Next week, at home against Southern Utah, Arizona will look to get their offense up to speed and find some defenders – ones not named Colin Schooler – willing to play with pride and perhaps even a chip on their shoulder.


18 • The Daily Wildcat

Wednesday, September 12 - Tuesday, September 18, 2018

OPINION | STATE POLITICS

Show your

WILDCAT SPIRIT!

®

Will Jon Kyl replace ‘the Maverick’s’ spirit? With the passing of Arizona’s senior senator, Governor Doug Ducey picked former senator Jon Kyl to take his place. Will Kyl make his own way, or is he beholden to his party? COLUMNIST

CHUCK VALADEZ @chuck_valadez

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or 10 days after John McCain’s death, his Senate seat for Arizona was left vacant. Governor Doug Ducey filled the seat last Tuesday with a familiar face, Jon Kyl. Even though Kyl will likely leave the Senate after January of this year, it would be beneficial to go over some key points about the man who was Senator of Arizona from 1995-2013. Jon Kyl is originally from Nebraska and is the son of John Kyl, a member of the House of Representatives for Iowa. The University of Arizona brought Kyl to Tucson; he earned a bachelor’s degree and attended the James E. Rogers School of Law. While attending our university, he was a member of the Pi Kappa Alpha fraternity. Right after graduation, he became editor-in-chief of the Arizona Law Review and started working at Jennings, Strouss & Salmon, a Phoenix-based law firm, as an attorney and a lobbyist. He later worked at Mountain States Legal Foundation, a non-profit law firm that helps businesses avoid safety and environmental laws, a much needed cause. Kyl was first elected to federal office in 1987, when he served in the U.S. House of Representatives for Arizona’s Fourth District. This ended in 1995, when he was elected to the Senate and replaced Democrat Dennis DeConcini. While Senator, he rose to the prominent position of Minority Whip, the first Arizonan to hold such a prominent position since 1953. The National Journal ranked Kyl as the fourth most conservative senator in 2007, and his policies reflect this ranking. Other than teaming up with Democrat Dianne Feinstein for crime victims’ rights, he has been pretty

consistent in shooting down policies proposed by the Democratic Party. He voted against the New START arms treaty with Russia and also voted against the Affordable Care Act in 2008. Kyl tried to expand control over online gambling. Under his proposed bill, one would only be allowed to bet on horse and dog races, along with the state lottery. Now the bigger question is: Will Kyl reflect McCain’s relationship with the president or will he reflect the modern GOP? Governor Ducey, for the most part, has followed suit with the GOP by being a yes-man to the fragile ego of the president. Considering some past actions of Kyl, hopes of him being a complete yes-man seem unlikely. He has said of Trump that “he is his own worst enemy” and called Trump’s actions “boorish”. When later asked about these comments, Kyl stuck by his words. In policy, Kyl also wished to extend the period of time protecting DACA DREAMers. This issue has been placed front and center for Trump and his supporters. This demonstrates Kyl does not seem to just go along with the GOP. For more moderate conservatives, and even those leaning to the left in Arizona, this is a good sign. Will Jon Kyl benefit the Senate for all? Perhaps he may surprise us in this economic climate. However, Arizona must be ready to make a decision come Nov. 6. Kyl and Flake will step down, and we will be left with unfilled Senate seats. Is it time to make changes to our state? Do we wish to keep Arizona a red state, or is it time to go blue in this current political climate? Or is it time to stop playing party politics and vote based off of principle? Only time will tell. — Chuck Valadez is a junior at the University of Arizona; he is majoring in ethics and minoring in both economics and government and public policy.


The Daily Wildcat • 19

Wednesday, September 12 - Tuesday, September 18, 2018

ARTS & LIFE | CLUB SPOTLIGHT

Somewhere that sounds like home There are several a cappella groups on campus, each with a slightly different vibe, but all of these musical groups aim to be welcoming and inclusive

BY VINAMRA KUMAR @vk1059az

A cappella is just as much about the friendship as it is about the music, a common theme drawn between the six singing groups on campus. The a cappella groups at the University of Arizona are CatCall, Noteriety, Ellervator Pitch, Amplified A Cappella, Dolce Voces and Enharmonics. Each group has their own, unique vibe but one thing they have in common is the love for what they do. “It’s a different sound, it’s more fun, it’s a new perspective,” said Gabe Sulser, the president’s aide for CatCall. CatCall has been hired for weddings and other events, where they “like to put their own twist” on a mash-up of songs. Their rehearsals aren’t like the average high-school band rehearsals. According to Sulser, they embody the feeling of brotherhood, whether it’s through a surprise appearance of one of their alumni or through friendly greetings as soon as a member walks in the door. Each group also participates in several competitions throughout the year as a way to put their practice to work. The competition at the collegiate level has each group competing in the International Championship of Collegiate A Cappella, the ICCAs. Andy Nguyen, the social media director for CatCall, describes collegiate a cappella as “a cool mix of something professional and casual.” “We usually add our own twist, mashup, or the way we arrange is different. It’s a cool take on modern music,” Nguyen said. Anyone and everyone with an appreciation of music and the ability to sing can audition and is encouraged to do so by both Nguyen and Sulser. “We try to have a good sound, and that’s the most important thing, because every year we have a different sound,” Nguyen said. They work “hard to mesh” the current group with the incoming members. They sometimes even recommend which a cappella group suits the style of the auditionee, according to Nguyen. Each group accepts students with a variety of majors; from computer engineers to anthropology majors, a cappella does not differentiate, Sulser said.

COURTESY CATCALL A CAPPELLA

CATCALL A CAPPELLA IS an all-male a cappella group at the University of Arizona. They are celebrating their 10th anniversary this year.

CatCall, the all-male band, is also the oldest a cappella group on campus and is celebrating their tenth anniversary this year.

don’t get any opportunity to do music,” said Elizabeth Barnitt, president of Noteriety. “So I knew going into college I wanted to be in a group where I could sing with people.”

It’s a different sound, it’s more fun, it’s a new perspective.”

— GABE SULSER, THE PRESIDENT’S AIDE FOR CATCALL

They are preparing for new members, though they cap the number of members at 18, they believe prime group consists of 13 or 14 people. “I was in choir in middle and high school, and then I have a math and science major, an engineering major, so in class I

According to Bryant Mitchell, Noteriety’s music director, their freshman year on campus the group dynamic was “so different than what it is now,” so they continue to strive to make it better. Noteriety, the first co-ed group, placed third at the Southwest ICCA Quarterfinals

in February of 2018. This year, they hope to improve on that and make it to New York for the ICCA Finals. Noteriety also performed at Bash at the Rec on Aug. 19 and then six days later released their new single titled ‘Cause’ on all streaming platforms. Arnie Ventura, the music director for CatCall, said that there are several qualities each group looks for in new members. “First of all, they do have to be able to sing. But it’s their personality, the way that they are, the way that they act, the way they present themselves,” Ventura said. Each group has practice and performances throughout the year and encourage Wildcats to “see and hear” the work they produce. You can follow each groups’ music through music streaming apps or on YouTube.


20 • The Daily Wildcat

Wednesday, September 12 - Tuesday, September 18, 2018

ARTS & LIFE | CAMPUS EVENTS

Travel back in time with UA Libraries BY TAYLOR GLEASON @tgleezy

The University of Arizona Special Collections Library is known for its access to unique materials that have given Tucson residents an opportunity to explore both the culture and history of the city. “1968 in America”, curated by associate librarian Bob Diaz, is the newest exhibit in the Special Collections Library, which opened Sept. 4 and is available through Dec. 7. The exhibit dives into the history of the U.S. 50 years ago, and how 1968 changed the course of America’s future, according to Diaz. “The 1960s, every year you could say something about a unique event or something that happened to keep things moving,” Diaz said. “So that’s the case with the 1960s, but I think ‘68 itself is very, very important because so many things were happening.” Diaz, who has been a librarian for over 30 years, began work on the exhibit around April and has prepared it with lots of research and dedication to his work. He even included some of his own personal belongings in the exhibit. “This is a labor of love,” said Diaz, who also said that he is dedicating the exhibit to Aretha Franklin, of whom he has been a lifetime fan. Diaz said he wants people to ask themselves questions when walking through the exhibit. He said he wants them to continue to look into the parallels between 1968 and today. “There are a lot of issues embedded in the exhibit that I want people to come away with a sense of curiosity about,” Diaz said. Diaz also said that he is working with Susan Crane, a history professor at UA, and they have created a project that gets one of Crane’s classes involved. “What she’s going to have them do is go back home and ask their parents for photographs of 1968, so as a class they can create a 1968 archive of their own,” Diaz said. The Special Collections Library, where the exhibit is housed, is focused on connecting with UA students and the Tucson community and making an impact on the community, according to Kenya Johnson, the marketing and communications manager at the library. “I’m just imagining that anyone of any age, of any background can come into this exhibit and find something to connect to, whether you were around

in 1968 or not,” Johnson said. “We all looked to Bob to lead that particular process. I think for his background and his passion, not just for the library but for community.” Kimberly Ramsey, a graduate assistant at Special Collections, helped put the exhibit together, specifically the video within the exhibit which “is more Tucson based.” Her work on the exhibit will show how the city of Tucson was affected, along with students and the UA. “It was a big time for protests and getting your voice out there and being heard and taking a stand for what you believe in, I think like right now in the current political climate,” Ramsey said. “I want students to come and see, like, ‘no this is normal we should be doing this, we should be getting loud.’” At the exhibit, people will be able to learn about several aspects of 1968, including pop culture, the Vietnam war, political history and the Civil Rights Movements. The exhibit also includes two events, which started with “1968: From the My Lai Massacre to Yellow Submarine” on Sept. 6.

CHOLE HISLOP | THE DAILY WILDCAT

A RECORD PLAYER WITH records and various movies and games on display at the “1968 in America” special collections exhibit at the University of Arizona.

The second event, “1968: A closer Look at its Impact”, is a panel discussion, and will be on Oct. 2 at the Special Collections Library. The exhibit and its events are

free and open to the public Monday through Friday, 9 a.m. to 6 p.m.

CHOLE HISLOP | THE DAILY WILDCAT

A TRIBUTE TO POPULAR 60s music, such as The Beatles and Otis Redding, on display at the “1968 in America” special collections exhibit at the University of Arizona. The exhibit runs from September to December and is meant as an homage to both Tucson and America during 1968.


Wednesday, September 12 - Tuesday, September 18, 2018

The Daily Wildcat • 21

GUEST LETTER

UA’s Strategic Plan is more of the same old thing BY MARV WATERSTONE

B

efore proceeding any further with the UA Strategic Plan, I urge everyone involved to read Gaye Tuchman’s 2009 book “Wannabe U: Inside the Corporate University”. Let me summarize Tuchman’s set up and punch line: facing problems of declining public support (monetary and otherwise), all universities are confronted with the challenge of how to distinguish themselves from their competitors in order to attract the best faculty and students (and presumably, also administrators), the largest share of grants and contracts, and the most donations from alumni. And what is the mechanism that universities use to produce this distinctiveness? Emulation! That’s right. Every university facing this common problem identifies a “peer” group and then sets about to replicate the “best practices,” matrices of “excellence” or whatever other catch phrases capture the “success” of the peers. The present UA “strategic” plan fairly drips with this kind of approach. There is virtually nothing in it that could not have been written on day one of the exercise. The “plan” reads as though it was composed by using one of those refrigerator-magnet word-salad games — if the game had been designed by a certain ‘Corpspeak Buzzwords, Inc’. It certainly hits all the usual targets: land grant, retention, jobs, economic growth, unique geographic and intellectual positions and critical and creative thinking. And then it throws in a couple of new(ish) wrinkles: disruptors, 4th Industrial Revolution. All very inspiring. The horizons of imagination on display here are woefully impoverished. Clearly the mission was not to distinguish the UA from other universities but rather to do a bit more of what we have

been doing all along; thus, we get the stultifying, incrementalized metrics of “progress” and “success.” The notion of becoming truly distinctive is terrifying. It would risk alienating all of the constituencies that have allowed us to limp along so far. And yet an authentic strategic plan should be a call for helping to recuperate a vital role for higher education in society: a key voice on the most compelling issues of our time. In Tucson, in the U.S. and on the planet we are facing so many crises that a university doing more of the same is an abject abdication of responsibility. A truly strategic plan would be naming and claiming these crises and organizing our future activities to address them. From climate change, to militarism/ war/terrorism (truly defined), to a future jobless (but not, please note, work-less or worthless) world and to the undeniable clash between endless economic “growth” and the survival of the planet, we and other universities should be playing a leading and truly innovative role. To take just one example from the present “plan”: jobs. So much of the plan purports to be aimed at preparing our graduates for the world of work. And yet, given the trends in outsourcing, automation and the increasing role of financialization (which yields profits for a very few without the need for workers), many jobs have disappeared, or will disappear soon and are never coming back. The few jobs that are likely to remain will be either soul- or planet-destroying. Wouldn’t a truly strategic plan begin to grapple with this reality rather than deny and cover it up with word salad? This future does not mean that work itself will be unnecessary. It will rather have to be reorganized to meet peoples’ actual needs: food, shelter, clothing, education (of all sorts), health care, entertainment (rather than distraction), etc.

What would a curriculum to prepare students for this essential work entail? Wouldn’t such a curriculum distinguish the UA? Wouldn’t it accord with both our land grant mission and our unique setting in the borderlands? Wouldn’t it require true critical and creative thinking? Wouldn’t it align our practices with our putative values of living sustainably with the planet (rather than the stated goal in the “plan,” which would continue to abet toxic economic growth for growth’s sake)? Virtually every element of the plan should be given the same kind of scrutiny in order to become strategic, relevant and distinctive. In fact, a “strategic” plan would not only be anticipating this future landscape but, as the product of an educational system, should be proactively (rather than always reactively) engaged in a large-scale project to help shape the public discourse around both problem formulation and solutions. Much of this will undoubtedly sound as the embodiment of the opposite of common sense, which tells us that grappling with humanity’s most critical, impending problems can only be approached through tiny incremental steps away from the present path. And yet, as the problems become more perilous, and as more of the planet’s population is under threat from war, environmental catastrophe and worsening wealth inequality, the voices and roles for universities have become less and less audible and relevant. Perhaps a real and realistic “strategic” plan could begin to remedy that and make everyone’s lives (including the many UA stakeholders’) better. Just a thought.

— Marv Waterstone is a Professor Emeritus in School of Geography & Development.


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22 • The Daily Wildcat


Classifieds • Wednesday, September 12 - Tuesday, September 18, 2018

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The Daily Wildcat • 23

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24 • The Daily Wildcat

Advertisement • Wednesday, September 12 - Tuesday, September 18, 2018

9.12.18  

In this issue: LGBTQ+ fraternity and sorority pledge inclusivity; Meet Arizona soccer's all-time shut out leader; Link between rising STD ra...

9.12.18  

In this issue: LGBTQ+ fraternity and sorority pledge inclusivity; Meet Arizona soccer's all-time shut out leader; Link between rising STD ra...