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Volume 8 Issue 4

$5.99 Jul-Aug 2019 Serving Contracting Firms and the Arizona Community. . . Then & Now

Arizona’s Timeless MagAzine

Sunstate equipment Founder Mike Watts Reopens Castle Hot Springs

‫ ٭‬Paul Staman: A Mid-Century Contractor with Staying Power ‫ ٭‬Homes with a Personal Touch: Goodheart construction Co. ‫ ٭‬The Hidden Legacy of Western Architect Luther R. Bailey ‫ ٭‬Barry Warner: Professional Contractor and Musician ‫ ٭‬Sunland Asphalt Celebrates 40 years!


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Arizona Contractor & Community (ACC) magazine is published bi-monthly (Jan/Feb, Mar/Apr, May/ June, July/Aug, Sept/Oct, and Nov/Dec). ACC is a professional publication designed for the contracting industry, engineers, architects, equipment rentals, suppliers, and others interested in Arizona and its history. Content including text, photographs or illustrations may not be reproduced without the written permission from the publisher. The publisher does not assume responsibility for unsolicited submissions. ACC reserves the right to reject any editorial and advertising material and reserves the right to edit all submitted content material. Arizona Contractor & Community Copyright © 2019 All rights reserved.

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contents 10

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“TELL US WHAT YOU NEED AND WE WILL WORK WITH YOU TO MAKE IT HAPPEN”

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Back When - Zora Folley: From Pugilist to Politician Douglas Towne

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Sunland Asphalt Celebrates 40 Years!

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56 60

SIDE DUMP— EXCAVATOR—LOADER—GRADER

Construction Around Arizona: Projects • People • Practices

BELLY DUMP—SUPER 16—END DUMP— LOW BOY

From The Editor - London’s Official Bird is the “Crane” - Douglas Towne

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70

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Taking the Waters: The Healing Magic of Castle Hot Springs - Douglas Towne Paul Staman: A Mid-Century Contractor with Staying Power - Carly Hanson Derailed Success: The Hidden Legacy of Western Architect Luther R. Bailey - Julia Park Tracey Homes with a Personal Touch: Phoenix’s Goodheart Construction Co. - Donna Reiner, PhD Building on the Past - 1973: Attention Kmart Shoppers Architect’s Perspective - Charles Owens Biggs, III, AIA: Discovered Talent - Doug Sydnor, FAIA

Digging Through the Archives - Barry Warner: Professional Contractor - William Horner

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Bid Results - Bidjudge

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ACC Advertisers’ Index

Front Cover Castle Hot Springs, 1968. Inset Castle Hot Springs match cover.

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James Logan Abell, FAIA, LA Article on page 25

Julia Park Tracey Article on page 60

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J

ames Logan Abell is a noted architect, landscape architect, and urban designer. In 2010, he was awarded the national AIA Kemper Medal, one of the highest individual honors that can be bestowed to an American architect. The award, given annually for 65 years, was conferred to Abell for his many years of creating civic-visioning plans for dozens of U.S. communities in the cause of livable communities and excellence in urban design. Abell Architects began as a design-build firm in Tempe, Arizona in 1979. The firm is known for campus masterplans, budget-driven K-12 public schools, hotel design, office buildings, zoological gardens, and residential design. In 2014, Abell was awarded the national AIA Thomas Jefferson Award for Public Architecture for having “...evidenced great depth, with a cumulative effect on the quality of public architecture, with excellence that has impacted a broad cross-section of the community, and recognized for the significance of their lasting contribution to our enhanced quality of life…” This AIA lifetime achievement honor for architects in private practice has only been awarded 11 times. Abell has been a featured speaker at AIA symposia, including in Washington DC, Lexington, KY, Huntington Beach, CA, Newport, VT, St. Louis, MO, Chapel Hill, NC. He has written on architecture in Arizona Masonry Guild News, Construction Industry Reference Book, and Sources & Design Magazine.

ulia is the great-granddaughter of architect L.R. Bailey and is writing his biography. Inspired by a mysterious train receipt in her family’s scrapbook, she researched her Orphan Train roots, a program that placed orphaned children from crowded Eastern cities to foster homes in the Midwest, and wrote a novel about her found relatives. That train receipt is now a part of the archives at the Orphan Train Complex in Concordia, Kansas. It seems that writing about family history is her sweet spot. Julia is a journalist and the author or editor of six books, including two collected diaries of Doris Bailey, a teen flapper in the Roaring Twenties. She has written for Redbook, Woman’s Day, Country Living, Salon, and Babble. She writes about food, the arts, and books for Sweatpants & Coffee, Scary Mommy, and print publications like Oakland Magazine and the San Francisco Chronicle. She has been blogging since 2003, and has been recognized by the California Newspaper Publishers Association for her work in editing and reporting, and by her journalist peers at the San Francisco Press Club. Julia says that although she lives in a cabin in the woods, as an outgoing introvert, social media is the way she interacts with the world. She lives with her husband, cats, and chickens in California’s wine country. She can be found online on Facebook/Twitter/ Instagram @juliaparktracey. www.juliaparktracey.com

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From the editor: London’s Official Bird is the “Crane” Douglas Towne

L

ondon was bombed for 57 consecutive nights by German aircraft during the “Blitz” of World War II. Britain tried to limit damage from this aerial assault by instituting a blackout of the city. Street lights, windows, and car headlamps were covered or dimmed. A darkened metropolitan area meant that German bombers such as the Dornier Do 17, the Heinkel He 111, and the Junkers Ju 88 could not be guided by urban lights. But London had a significant landmark along the River Thames that, nonetheless, helped the German planes find the city: plumes of white smoke from the Battersea Power Station. Located in southwest London, the power plant suffered only minor bomb damage during the war, perhaps because of its importance for navigation. An estimated 30,000 people died during the Blitz and 60 percent of London’s buildings were damaged or destroyed. London hasn’t suffered a recent Blitz, but you couldn’t tell it from my recent trip to the city. The skyline is crowded with con-

1983, and The Dark Knight in 2007. TV shows include Doctor Who, MacGyver, and Agatha Christie’s Poirot. The power station was also featured on the cover of Pink Floyd’s 1977 album, “Animals.” Battersea was decommissioned due to aging infrastructure and increased operating costs; the initial power plant ceased operation in 1975 and the latter in 1983. Since its closure, the power station has been the subject of several redevelopment plans that never materialized. The building was declared a heritage site in 1980, which halted a plan to demolish the structure for housing. Later proposals included an indoor theme park with shops and restaurants and an alternative power station fueled by biomass. Battersea and the surrounding 42 acres are now part of an eight-phase development that includes residential, commercial, and office space. Among the new tenants will be Apple with a staff of 1,400 employees. For those of us who are impressed with the number of cranes in the Valley these days, it’s nothing compared to London. And Battersea has the highest density of these “creatures.” At night, the power station’s four chimneys are lit deep blue. That, and the numerous nearby cranes with their red warning lights, is an unforgettable sight along the Thames.

Images courtesy of Author

Top right: Battersea Power Station, 2019. Below: Pink Floyd “Animals” album cover, 1977. Bottom right: Posters at London construction project, 2019.

struction cranes, visible in every direction. According to the 2018 Lonely Planet Guide to London, there are 435 buildings of more than 20 stories under construction. The density of cranes is especially impressive near the former Battersea Power Station. The coal-fired power plant was built in 1935, with a twin plant added in 1955. With the new construction, Battersea became the third largest power station in Britain and supplied 20 percent of London’s electrical needs. The power station consumed more than 1 million tons of coal, delivered from South Wales and England in vessels plying the Thames. The power station has a distinctive four-chimney design, an impressive Art Deco décor, and is one of the world’s largest brick buildings. Sir Giles Gilbert Scott, who also designed the iconic British red telephone box, was the architect of the building’s exterior. Even if you’ve never ventured “across the pond,” the power station is likely a familiar image. The building has appeared in many movies, starting with Alfred Hitchcock’s Sabotage in 1936. Other films include the Beatles’ Help! in 1965, Superman III in

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Dzevida Sadikovic

T

wo mid-century modern office buildings are being preserved in their transformation into the Arrive Hotel. The adaptive reuse project aims at connecting guests with the surrounding Midtown Phoenix neighborhoods. The $20 million, 2-acre project will include a shaded pool, coffee shop, Popsicle stand, and poolside bar. It is scheduled to open this fall. Arrive is a boutique-brand hotel that originated in Palm Springs. Venue Projects acquired the building at 444 W. Camelback Road and Vintage Partners has the building at 400 W. Camelback Road. “This is the first time we’ve joint ventured to develop a property,” said Lucas

Top: The Arrive Hotel’s Popsicle stand and reception area, 2019. Right: A 1958 advertisement for the 444 Building that lists Chanen Construction’s subcontractors for the original project. arizcc.com

Lindsey, development manager at Venue Project. The two companies did a market study that showed there could be a demand for a hotel in this part of the Phoenix. Then they looked for a hotel partner and found one in Arrive Hotel. The Phoenix City Council approved combining the two addresses into one parcel in 2018. Lindsey said Arrive Phoenix is financed by a combination of partners, investors, and local banks. Scottsdale-based Ameris Construction is supervising and managing the construction process. Architecture and design are being done by John Douglas Architects, Scottsdale, and Chris Pardo Design, Seattle. There will be 79 guest rooms – once office suites – of about 300 square feet each. All rooms will have a patio and a view of the pool. Four new buildings are being added to the site: public restrooms and shower, coffee shop, the Popsicle stand that also serves as a reception area, and the poolside bar with a commercial kitchen. There also will be a rooftop cocktail bar. An

Image courtesy of Arizona Contractor

West Camelback’s 400-444 Buildings “Arrive” as a Hotel

& Community

Image courtesy of Author

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addition to the rear at 444 W. Camelback will provide space for activities necessary to run the site. The Popsicle stand, which will be open to the neighborhood, will serve as the check-in area, with guests receiving a frozen snack on arrival. Arizona Contractor & Community


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“Whether you are neighbor or a visitor, everybody loves something sweet and refreshing especially on a sunny Phoenix day,” Lindsey said. “Popsicles are a great treat, and they appeal to adults and children alike. They are a popular alternative to ice cream and something new and unique for the neighborhood.” The roof terrace has been extended for a walkout and has seating, shades, and plant boxes. In addition to the food, drinks, and ambiance, it offers a great view of the city and Camelback Mountain, Lindsey said. The main pool will have a shade structure in the swim area. “We’re from Phoenix, and Arrive started in Palm Springs, so we both understand that a little shade goes a long way in the desert,” Lindsey said. “Since the pool is at the heart of the property, we thought we could take the Arrive experience up a notch by bringing

the temperature down. “ Arrive’s goal is to attract people to come and stay in the hotel, and to have guests explore Phoenix, especially Melrose District where mid-century historic buildings house antique shops, boutique retail shops, and local restaurants. “They want guests to have a unique Phoenix experience,” Lindsey said. The vision for a light rail’s transit-oriented development attracted the partners to the area. Lindsey explained Arrive works to integrate into the neighborhood and to be welcoming to the surrounding area with its cool, high-energy environments. Both three-story structures are representative of mid-century modernism and were built in the late 1950s by the development team of Arnold Becker & Associates and built by Chanen Construction. The building at 444 W.

Top: The 444 Building in 1960 featuring the Don Woods Realty neon sign, which was built by the Virgil Moss Sign Company. Below left: The Arrive Hotel’s future poolside bar and patio with zigzag roof located next to hotel entrance and parallel with Camelback Road, 2019. Below: Stairwell addition at rear of the 444 Building, 2019.

Camelback was designed by Maddock and Associates. The building at 400 W. Camelback Road was designed by Fred Guirey, with Frank Foltz & Associates. Venue Projects has been in business for 11 years. It started in 2008, and its Valley redevelopment projects include the Orchard, Alhambra, Central Market, the Newton, the Douglas, and Oasis Twenty. Venue Projects focuses on investors who support entrepreneurship and investing in local communities. Vintage Partners is a commercial real estate development and investment company. Its projects include Flagstaff Mall Harkins and Timber Sky in Flagstaff, Epicenter in Gilbert, Marana Center near Tucson and Uptown Plaza in Phoenix.

Images courtesy of Author

Dzevida Sadikovic is a reporter at Arizona State University’s Walter Cronkite School of Journalism and Mass Communication.

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Mortenson Breaks Ground for Tempe Hyatt Hotel at ASU Douglas Towne

T

“ASU is proud of the diverse growth of the Tempe waterfront through the ongoing development of the Novus Innovation Corridor,” said John P. Creer, Assistant Vice President for Real Estate at Arizona State University. “As a hub for the region’s higher education and business communities, hospitality developments like this are both complementary to the lifestyle experience we are creating and essential to the establishment of Novus as an innovation zone that will advance ASU’s mission and contributions to Arizona’s economic development.” Known for its leading-edge construction technology and approach to sustainability, Mortenson is working with PK Architects, ESG Architects, and Design Force Corporation to ensure that visitors experience the innovative vision of Novus firsthand. “Each element of the project, including landscape enhancements, will be thoughtfully designed to bring about the overall vision of the Novus Innovation Corridor,” said Charley Freericks, Senior Vice

President at Catellus. “Novus Innovation Corridor is committed to attracting diverse, mixed-use development. Hospitality for university visitors and business people is a key component of the environment we’re building,” he added. The hotel will aid in hosting the 3.7 million who visited Tempe in 2015, according to a report from the Tempe Tourism Office. The Novus Innovation Corridor was enabled through legislation that was passed and signed into law in 2010. The legislation permits the Maricopa County Board of Supervisors to work with ASU to establish a district in which all land is owned by the university. Assessments are imposed on developments locating within the district, the proceeds from which then are used to construct and improve ASU intercollegiate athletic facilities, rather than from state revenues and taxpayers. Top: Participants toss dirt during groundbreaking. Below left: Speakers at the April 22nd groundbreaking ceremony. Below: Rendering of the hotel.

Images courtesy of ASU

Image courtesy of Kylie Zirkus Photography

he Catellus Development Corporation kicked off construction of a 259-room, dual-branded hotel in the Novus Innovation Corridor in Tempe in late April. The project is through a partnership with Mortenson, a national developer and builder. Novus is a 350-acre, multi-phased development in partnership with ASU, the nation’s “Most Innovative University.” Companies that locate within Novus achieve synergies through access to ASU’s world-class research and workforce. The eight-story hotel, located just north of the northeast corner of the intersection of East Veterans Way and East Sixth Street in Tempe, will be constructed on a 0.98-acre parcel convenient to Sun Devil Stadium, Wells Fargo Arena, and the planned MultiPurpose Arena. Construction is expected to be completed in Summer 2020. The Mortenson hotel project will be a part of the Hyatt Hotels Corporation under the Hyatt Place and Hyatt House flags. “This hotel will provide guests a welcoming place to stay, gather and enjoy downtown Tempe with immediate access to ASU’s largest sporting venues and the Novus Place retail and hospitality amenities,” said George Forristall, director of real estate development at Mortenson. “It’s an ideal step in the transformative development of the Novus Innovation Corridor into a world-class, mixed-use urban community.” The hotel is planned to be LEED certified, with rooftop amenities that include a pool, bar, outdoor gathering area, and fitness center. Hotel amenities will include an open lobby, shaded patio spaces and banquet, meeting, and outdoor event spaces.

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New Storage Space Has a Fast, Discounted Past Douglas Towne

“W

Images courtesy of Arizona Contractor & Community

hen renovating an existing facility, especially an older one, everyone knows there will be some unexpected existing conditions that will be encountered,” Ryan Lee, project manager for Perlo Construction, says. “This project just happened to have a significant amount of structural conditions that needed to be addressed.” Lee is describing a 46-year-old building that was occupied by a Kmart for 40 years and then converted into Phoenix Indoor Karting, a go-cart racing facility. Perlo Construction has been rehabbing the structure at 3401 West Greenway Road into a climate-controlled storage facility, which is scheduled for completion in early July. The firm has encountered two significant structural issues since work began. The first was discovering two broken

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glulam beams that were about 3-feet tall by 35-feet long. “We had no clue how or when this happened, as these are some huge beams,” Lee says. “We immediately put structural shoring under them and then installed a large I-beam and columns under it for the final fix.” Perlo Construction subsequently found another hitch in their rehab project. The company was working on the front entry and excavated to locate some existing wall footings to tie into. “We discovered that a portion of the structural masonry wall did not have an existing footing,” Lee says, in disbelief. “Somehow the wall didn’t even have a stress crack, so we excavated and installed a new footing to correct the issue.” Keeping the site secure proved challenging. “We installed temporary security fencing around the entire site, but due to the location and lack of traffic, we had to battle job site theft,” Lee says. “We resolved this by boarding up all openings, adding security cameras, putting up trespassing and security signage, and

Top left: Marrs Construction of Phoenix, starting demolition, 2018. Top right: Ryan Lee, Perlo Construction project manager, 2019. Above: The structure’s western part during demolition phase, 2018. Bottom L-R: Concrete finisher for Bowman Concrete, Inc., 2019. The rear of the building supported by new steel beams, 2019.

installing motion lights.” Many entities working seamlessly together to address these challenges. The team included Jared Langenhuizen, director of construction for Wentworth, architects Kelly Ferguson and Scott Telschow of Robert Brown Architects, Sergio Jaramillo Jr. of JTA Engineering, Don Freeman, Perlo’s Phoenix market lead, and Bevan Barney, Perlo superintendent. Despite the project’s challenges, Lee is adamant that the building conversion will prove beneficial to the neighborhood, including both business owners and homeowners. The development will feature new asphalt and curbs, monument signs, paint, storefronts and screen walls, as well as consistent landscaping throughout the whole site. “The owners, Wentworth, are always focused on delivering a high-quality product, and this project was no different,” he says. “They have already found prospective buyers for the five retail lots surrounding the storage facility. More than likely this whole corner will be filled with new retail operations.”

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Budding CACTUS Program Teaches Kids about Construction Careers James Carr and Ethan Greavu

M

adison Park Middle School in Phoenix has piloted an afterschool program called CACTUS — careers in architecture and construction uplifting students — that teaches kids construction skills and about careers in construction. “What I like about the program is we get to use tools that we don’t normally get to use. We also learn how to use those tools,” said 12-year-old Cadacius Star, who first enrolled in the program in 2018 and continues in it because of the fun experience. “It’s always hands on. Also, it gets you ready for different jobs. For me, I want to be someone who could build buildings.” The perception that construction jobs are not good careers has driven young people away from the field, said Ken Simonson, an economist at the Associated General Contractors of America. “That’s been a huge challenge for decades,” Simonson said. “I would say as early as the 1970s schools started abandoning vocational career education, and high school students were being pushed by parents and guidance counselors to go to college if at all possible.” The CACTUS program was pioneered by Scott Holcomb, a school board member who brought it to Madison Park Middle to pilot the program. Holcomb has been on the Madison School Board for 15 years and arizcc.com

currently works in construction law, with a history in the trades. Holcomb said the idea came from attending an Alliance for Construction Excellence meeting about the workforce shortage and the need for more programs in high schools. “I responded that you are right about getting to the kids, but you are wrong about waiting until high school,” Holcomb said. “Because if you wait until high school, it’s too late because people choose high schools based on the curriculum. Second, they have neither the time nor the money to do it, competing with the rest of the curriculum. The other thing is they don’t have the expertise; the industry needs to do it.” CACTUS came to the rescue. The program just finished its third semester. Jason Bruso, a CACTUS program faculty member and teacher, said, “Every day I see kids gaining more experience and ability. In the beginning, they could barely paint a straight line,” he said. “After a couple activities, they are painting a little more skillfully, and are using power tools.” The students are learning about a multitude of trades like carpentry, architecture, electrical, plumbing, roofing, and painting, Bruso said. Beyond that, the students are taught by professionals who come into the program as mentors about how these skills can lead to a career after high school. Damien Tommy Ruiz, 13, said he liked projects involving copper pipes and wiring lightbulbs. “It helps me see stuff so that I

Top left: Students in CACTUS get to work side-by-side with construction professionals. Top right: Hands-on learning is the emphasis of the program.

really question how it works. It allows me to see it from a different perspective,” Damien said. “I was thinking of being an engineer.” Mia Quema, 13, said she has dreams of being an architect. Quema enjoyed learning about design while spending time with other students to experience real-world engineering. “You get to meet other actual professional architects and they talk to you, and they help you out to understand how to measure it, how to create dimensions and lengths,” Mia said. Holcomb said the pilot program will help put together an administration and a program book for other schools to implement. “We’re looking to have CACTUS as an administrative overview to get industry professionals in to do the ‘hands-on,’” he said. “The goal is to expand to other schools, districts, and other states.” “I think we do a disservice to the kids to say every kid has to go to college,” Holcomb said. “Every kid should have the ability to go to college, but not every kid has to go. It was critical to me that careers had a major focus. Kids need to see it’s not a ‘job’ and get it out to parents.” James Carr and Ethan Greavu are reporters at Arizona State University’s Walter Cronkite School of Journalism and Mass Communication. Arizona Contractor & Community


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Twenty two

Jul-Aug 2019


CONSTRUCTION AROUND ARIZONA People

Generation NOW: Business Leaders Show Talent Shines at Any Age Alison Bailin Batz

The Brooks Family In June, Benjamin “Tres” Brooks III, founder of Brooks Real Estate & Advisory Group, hosted a grand picnic in Flagstaff to fete a passion project for his family: The Estates. But that is getting ahead of the story, which starts almost 80 years ago. Benjamin “Ben” Brooks II was born in California in 1940. “While my dad never attended college, he was both brilliant and determined,” says son Benjamin “Tres” Brooks III. In 1964, Ben, then married to wife Donna and with 18-month-old Tres in tow, made his move to Arizona with a vision. “He believed that owning a home was a dream, but owning land meant you were building a legacy,” says Tres. Ben would start in residential sales. Getting started was tough. Tres remembers his family having to sell personal belongings to buy milk at one time. Thanks to persistence, Ben launched Ben Brooks & Associates in 1969 to start in land development. “His vision was briefly put on hold soon after when he learned the industry, at that time, had some bad apples like Ned Warren,” says Tres, noting Ben fell back into residential work while the law dealt with the bad guys. He was able to re-commit to land development in 1985, just as Tres was graduating from the University of Arizona. Diploma in hand, Tres earned an entrylevel job from his father. He worked his way arizcc.com

up, attaining a broker’s license at just 24. “In a twist, my dad pushed me to go out on my own,” says Tres, at the time dumbfounded by the idea. “So, in 1996 I founded Brooks Real Estate & Advisory Group (BRAG), focused on developing land in Arizona, New Mexico, and Wyoming and specializing in ranch estates and parcels.” Tres, who loved the ranch lifestyle and is today known for his signature cowboy attire, grew the business quickly and earning a reputation within months. “So much so, when my dad earned the biggest project of his life, the development of 130,000 acres near Lake Havasu, he brought my team on in 1997,” says Tres, who led the project to success. Together and apart depending on the project, they then developed land and ranch properties for the next several years. Everything was humming along nicely until 2007. Beyond the recession, which effectively dried up their businesses for a spell, that year Ben was involved in a motorcycle accident and lost his life. The next 10 years would be filled with the highest of highs – Tres now married with three children himself – and lowest of lows, notably keeping a real estate business afloat. By 2017, things were on the upswing for Tres professionally again. So much so, he began to work on a passion project. Longtime homeowners in Flagstaff, one weekend while gathering up north with his family, Tres learned that 160 acres of pristine land were becoming available for development. He jumped at the chance to

Images courtesy of The Brooks

he younger generation just doesn’t get it.” “The older generation is out of touch.” Admit it – you’ve likely heard (or said) one or both statements before. But, in most cases, both comments could not be further from the truth, especially in the collaborative environments of construction, building, and real estate. The truth is that the businesses in these industries find the greatest success when all the talent comes together to make work work better for everyone. As such, each month, we are going to share the stories of two individuals from wholly different generations who are working effectively at the same business, and both with wisdom to share in their journeys. This duo has an extra-special connection as they are father and son:

Family

“T

Top left: Benjamin, Ben, and Tres Brooks. Above: Ben and Tres Brooks in La Jolla, 2006.

lead the project. The project, called The Estates, is now in development after a successful soft launch in June. “These forest properties adjacent to Forest Highlands Golf Club and the Coconino National Forest will provide buyers with unique housing and land ownership opportunities,” says Tres. There are just 16 of these estate parcels available in the gated community, with access to the estate properties permitted only through Forest Highlands’ 24-hour guard gated-entrance. “Buyers can also take advantage of special membership opportunities to Forest Highlands Golf Club,” says Tres. Each of the unique estates will have their own water wells, natural gas, underground electric, phone, and internet. Tres believes these 10-acre estates will truly become a legacy for families. “Given Dad’s vision, it feels like quite the legacy for our family, too,” says Tres. www. brooksranchland.com Arizona Contractor & Community


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James Logan Abell, FAIA

T

Images courtesy of Author

he public often thinks of creativity and design when they hear the word “architect.” The science and art of “building well” are as old as human habitation, and the modern world has quickly spawned specialization in architecture leaving the title of “virtuoso architect” as almost unattainable. Few can develop the rare blend of fine artist, materials technologist, persuasive politician, and leader-peacemaker demanded of today’s architects working in an increasingly complex world. The American Institute of Architects (AIA) in Arizona recently recognized such a virtuoso architect, Craig Walling, AIA with an AIA 2019 Lifetime Achievement Honor. Conferred by the AIA Arizona College of Fellows, the handsome copper medal is one of the highest honors conferred by the organization. Walling has accomplished much to earn this honor. After graduating from Globe High School, he was one of the first architectural graduates of Arizona State College in 1957. Working for Tempe architect T.S. Montgomery, Walling was asked to administer the field construction at ASU’s Memorial Union addition due to the architect’s failing health in 1969. The 33-year-old staff member undertook this assignment and was also the field architect for the Tempe Library and Cultural Complex in 1970. With Montgomery’s passing in 1972, Walling joined with a newly hired staff architect, Leland Peters, AIA to complete the commissions and continue the practice.

Top: Craig Walling. Bottom: ASU Memorial Union.

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The new firm of Peters and Walling Architects continued designing churches, schools, and civic buildings. The firm was best known for the Fees Intermediate School, the Arizona Athletic Club, and dozens of high-tech industrial facilities like Micro-Rel (now called Medtronic). These commissions were in a rapidly gentrifying Tempe during the 1970s. The firm’s offices were a place of great design spirit and creativity. In 1985, Walling opened his own practice, focusing on waterproofing and roofing consulting, in Mesa. For decades, Walling was a leader in the AIA, establishing the Arizona Architectural Foundation, involved in the Construction Specifications Institute (CSI), and serving as the statewide AIA president in 1977. He is widely regarded as the architect who saved the deteriorating 1892 Evans House on the Capitol Mall and donated tremendous time, expertise, and money for its rehabilitation. Walling was considered the most knowledgeable roofing and waterproofing design specialist in Arizona. ASU entrusted Walling to be the renovation and reroof architect for Grady Gammage Memorial Auditorium, their most coveted public icon. Numerous buildings owned by Maricopa County in Downtown Phoenix have had the benefit of his technical and design expertise in improving older roofs to modern standards of performance. Walling, now 82, is known as a thoughtful designer, an excellent technical writer, a fair-minded field administrator working with builders, and an engaging collaborator with his diverse clients. I have personally seen him patiently review and clarify client’s needs, observed his diplomacy with municipal building officials, marveled at his steady hand

CONSTRUCTION AROUND ARIZONA People

Walling Awarded AIA Lifetime Achievement Honor

with frustrated contractors in correcting defective work in the field, watched him be a grand ambassador for the architectural profession, and have grown professionally with his kind tutelage and mentoring. Walling continues to receive inquiries on the 400 buildings he has designed, remodeled, and rehabilitated. “It’s wonderful to be still considered a vital resource in building design and rehabilitation,” he says. “The world happily still needs my knowledge.” A virtuoso is never allowed to retire! Walling’s 10 Major Architectural Works 1972 - ASU Memorial Union Addition Completed the work of just-deceased architect, T.S. Montgomery 1972 - City of Tempe Library and Cultural Complex SWC Rural Road and Southern, Tempe Completed the work of just-deceased architect, T.S. Montgomery 1973 - First Church of Christ 1824 East Loma Vista Drive, Tempe 1975 - Arizona Athletic Club (repurposed) SWC of 14th Street and Priest Drive, Tempe 1976 - Second Church of Christ, Scientist 10180 North Hayden Road, Scottsdale 1977 - Fees Intermediate School 1600 East Watson Drive, Tempe 1978 - 1892 Evans House Preservation 1108 West Washington Street, Phoenix 1982 - ASU Gammage Auditorium Re-Roof Apache Boulevard and Mill Avenue, Tempe 1980s - Maricopa County Department of Administration More than 20 building evaluations leading to extensive waterproofing sealant replacement with complete re-roofing and more than $200 million of remodel construction. Arizona Contractor & Community


ALL SALES ARE FINAL

twenty six

Jul-Aug 2019


Jeff Kronenfeld n last issue’s installment of this twopart series, we discussed retrofitting sustainable systems into historic and existing buildings. While Arizona is a young state — a spritely 107 years-old — it encompasses some buildings of truly remarkable vintage. These include the Mission San Xavier del Bac south of Tucson, established in 1692 with the current structure dating from 1797, and indigenous structures such as Pueblo Grande, which is believed to have been abandoned around 1450. While the carbon blight and R-value of such storied structures may be surprisingly impressive, this article will confine itself to a few somewhat younger ones. With at least 13 properties listed on the National Register of Historic Places spread about its campuses, ASU has upgraded more historic buildings than any other entity in the Valley. One ongoing example is the University Club, originally known as the Science Hall, completed in 1908. It provides excellent examples of the principles discussed in the previous article. Since it is listed on the historic registry, the renovations required conversations and negotiations between ASU and the State Historic Preservation Office (SHPO). The project has been split into two phases to keep the building in use during the school year. The first phase was carried out last summer and saw the building’s mechanical systems replaced with new and much more efficient ones. Since this didn’t significantly impact the building’s historic character, it was an easy decision. Much harder was the second phase, which will see all 66 Top: Manzanita Hall. individually-sized Top right: Memorial windows replaced Union. with modern ones. Right: Hayden Library “From the rendering. Below (l-r): Old Main average person’s

perspective, when they look at the building, it doesn’t look any different,” explained Bruce Nevel, associate vice president for Facilities Development and Management at ASU. “But, from our perspective, it is now much more efficient with doublepane, aluminum-clad windows of the same dimensions.” Old Main, dedicated in 1898, was just the second building for the Territorial Normal School, ASU’s original name. From a sustainability and functionality perspective, one of the biggest challenges was equipping the building with modern plumbing. ASU killed two birds with one stone by building an external structure housing the restrooms and elevators, making the building accessible without impacting its historic character. Indeed, the building’s front remains virtually identical to its appearance when Theodore Roosevelt spoke to a large crowd there in 1911. Though it hasn’t yet been upgraded with low-flush toilets, more than 2,500 of the roughly 5,000 public toilets at ASU have, according to Nevel. The lattice of vees or diamonds gracing the inward curve of Manzanita Hall has been one of ASU’s most distinctive architectural features since its completion in 1967. The tallest building in Tempe at the time — and the first post-tension building in Arizona — it was designed by the architectural firm Cartmell and Rossman. It was in desperate need of redesign and improvement when ASU entered into a public-private partnership with American Campus Communities. Architecture and design firm Studio Ma faced sever use constraints and major expectations when

Image courtesy of ASU

Image courtesy of Deanna Dent, ASU

front and back view.

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Image courtesy of Ayers Saint Gross, ASU

Images courtesy of ASU

I

CONSTRUCTION AROUND ARIZONA Practices

Retrofitting Sustainability Part 2: The Local Perspective

brought on to offer a bold redesign. “The building’s skin had an R-value of less than 3, which is pretty low,” explained Christiana Moss, a principal for Studio Ma. “We created a new skin that was an R-20 behind the lattice, which gave it an additional shading. It reduced energy use by I think five to 10 percent, just because it was shading the building and that was interesting to explore.” They also increased the amount of natural light and upgraded to LEDs, yielding considerable energy savings. Studio Ma worked on several other projects for ASU, including a significant overhaul of the Memorial Union, one of the University’s most heavily trafficked buildings. Like Manzanita Hall, Memorial Union required a radical rethinking in the face of major constraints. Despite these obstacles, the redesign yielded considerable reductions in energy and water use. It also saw the installation of what is called, Purple Pipe, which — when ASU obtains a greywater supply — will result in an 85 percent wateruse reduction for the building, according to Moss. A greywater system could be used to supply ASU’s two large chilled water plants or any number of industrial cooling towers as well. While much development throughout the Phoenix metropolitan area will involve razing existing structures with interesting histories, ASU has modeled how challenges with retrofitting sustainable systems to historic buildings can be solved through smart engineering and modern technology. At the heart of such efforts are policies that recognize the value existing structures offer, both culturally and in embodied carbon.

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Follow us! @azcontractorandcommunity @ArizccMag twenty eight

Jul-Aug 2019


oncrete is the world’s most widely used construction material because it utilizes local materials and is, thus, relatively inexpensive. After 10,000 years of successful use, it is undergoing some changes to maintain its low cost and make it more environmentally friendly. Cement production produces a ton of carbon dioxide for every ton of cement. The carbon dioxide comes from both the fuel needed to create the high temperatures necessary to produce cement, and the resulting limestone breakdown. Companies can reduce cost and carbon dioxide emissions by efficiently heating the material and using less expensive fuels. However, if they use a lime-based material, a vast amount of carbon dioxide will be produced. The cement and concrete industries have developed many approaches to keep the cost of concrete low and to reduce carbon dioxide emissions. Two basic methods are used in Arizona and may become common in future construction.

New Cement Developments

Research is being conducted to find new types of cement that are cheaper to make and produce less pollution. Our building codes are based on the use of proven materials; it may take years for these new types of cement to become Substitute Fly Ash for Some Cement mainstream in our industry. As of now, they Fly ash is the very fine material have limited use in specialty items and for resulting from the burning of coal. The nonstructural applications. material got its name when it used to “fly” Some of these new types of cement are out the smokestacks of power plants. Fly listed below: ash usually is considered a waste material Ferrorock is based on an iron and landfilled. The concrete industry determined carbonate mineral matrix developed using through research that fly ash is a good dust from steel shot blasting operations secondary cement additive in fresh as the iron source. The small size of the steel particulates results in it being highly Top right: Fly ash. reactive. Eventually, the iron carbonate Below: Chemist testing concrete strength at

Image courtesy of Arizona Contractor & Community

Arizona Sand & Rock plant in Phoenix, 1947.

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Practices

C

shells grow together among the steel particulates and lock into a solidly cemented mass. Testing at ASU has shown that the iron carbonate binder can be superior to Portland cement in some ways including greater flexural strength, toughness, and resistance to cracking. Sulfur concrete replaces Portland cement with sulfur, creating a mixture with sulfur, fine and coarse aggregates that are placed and handled similarly to asphalt. The mixture is heated to more than 280-degree F. As the sulfur “freezes,” the concrete becomes a solid mass, reaching most of its strength within 24 hours. Unlike normal concrete, it is acid resistant and thus can be used as a floor material in places involving chemical use. There is speculation that sulfur concrete would be useful for lunar construction since the moon’s soils have a vast amount of sulfur. Phosphate-bonded cement is a rapidly hardening cement that can be used in cold weather. Projects in the U.S. and Mongolia have shown that the concrete is capable of road repairs in 4-degree F temperatures, with the road back in use within an hour. The military plans to use this cement for rapid runway repairs due to terrorist activity. The cement has also been used to repair bomb-damaged roadways in the Middle East. Solidia cement is a non-hydraulic cement composed primarily of low, limecontaining calcium silicate phases. The cement gains strength by reacting with carbon dioxide instead of water. Solidia cement appears to be cheaper to produce since it can be manufactured at lower temperatures with less fuel cost, and it also helps decrease carbon dioxide emissions. The cement and oil companies feel this material has a chance of impacting the cement market. Solidia cement is used to create paving blocks since they are nonstructural and don’t need to meet building code requirements. The development of some of these new types of cement has an Arizona connection; it’s satisfying to know we are on the cutting edge of this new technology. Arizona Contractor & Community

CONSTRUCTION AROUND ARIZONA

Luke M. Snell

concrete. Using fly ash allows concrete batch plants to use less cement by substituting a waste product while achieving the same or better-quality concrete. There are several other reasons that a batch plant may want to use fly ash, such as reducing heat in the fresh concrete and solving problems created by some types of the aggregates. These discussions are beyond the scope of this article. Fly ash helps keep the cost of concrete relatively low without reducing its quality. In most areas fly ash replaces from 20-30 percent of the cement in a concrete mixture. In the Midwest, fly ash is about 40 percent of the cost of cement; in Arizona, this increases to about 75 percent. The cost of fly ash is expected to increase as many power plants are converting from coal to cheaper fuels such as natural gas. An alternate supply could be grinding up old volcanoes to get “natural fly ash.”

Image courtesy of American Coal Ash Association

New Developments in Cement Technology


thirty

Jul-Aug 2019


Back When Zora Folley: From Pugilist to Politician Douglas Towne

Z

ora Folley was no stranger to using his hands for hard work. The African-American heavyweight boxer from Chandler, Arizona is shown with Lou Ambers, a former lightweight champion, in a promotional photo during the construction of Children’s Hospital at Bethany Home Road and 19th Avenue in 1961. Folley started boxing in the U.S. Army in 1948 and went on to compile a record of 79 wins, 11 losses, and six draws from 1953-1970. Described as a rare gentleman in the boxing world, Folley’s opponents included future champion Sonny Liston, who knocked him out at the Den-

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ver Coliseum in 1960, and Muhammad Ali, who did the same at New York’s Madison Square Garden in 1967. After retiring from the ring, Folley served on the Chandler City Council. He died in Tucson under mysterious circumstances from a head injury suffered at the Sands Motel swimming pool in 1972. The City of Chandler dedicated Zora Folley Memorial Park just southeast of downtown, in 1974. Coronado Construction of Mesa was the general contractor for the project. Grading & paving was done by Professional Contracting of Tempe.

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SUNLAND ASPHALT & CONSTRUCTION, INC. CELEBRATES OVER 40 YEARS OF

PERFORMANCE BEYOND THE SURFACE In 1979, Jimmy Carter was President of the United States, disco was rocking the airwaves with hits like Gloria Gaynor’s, “I Will Survive,” and there was a fuel shortage, skyrocketing the average gas price to $.88 per gallon. It was also the year that an enthusiastic, hardworking young man named Doug DeClusin launched Sunland Asphalt & Construction, Inc. (Sunland) on a shoestring budget.

Doug thought he’d hit the jackpot when Sunland’s first-year revenues totaled $175,000, despite being unsure of how much of that was profit. Still, motivated by the tremendous amount of business generated by Sunland, Doug was confident his company was on its way towards making a significant impact in the asphalt industry.

In 1977, Sunland’s Founder, President and CEO Doug DeClusin was a 22-year-old carpenter, brimming with ambition but not sure that this field was his best career choice. Working as a carpenter, Doug had nearly electrocuted himself, almost cut off his fingers with a skill saw, and actually fell off a roof. During his free time, however, Doug began selling sealcoat materials out of his Phoenix home for SealMaster, a California company. By 1979, Doug had generated enough courage, confidence and contacts selling sealcoat materials to launch a startup company. With encouragement and support from his family and friends, DeClusin formed Sunland. It was a humble beginning for DeClusin, who, along with another employee, worked for five years out of a small trailer and pickup truck on 40th Street south of East Superior Avenue near Interstate 10 in Phoenix. “Back then, I did it all,” DeClusin recalls. “I sold it, measured it, ordered the materials, performed the labor, billed, and collected the payments. My wife, Diana, kept the books and worked a full-time job of her own as well. I couldn’t have done it without her. I was young and didn’t know any other way.” FOUR

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THE EVOLUTION OF SUNLAND ASPHALT & CONSTRUCTION, INC. 1992 – TUCSON

In 1992, the company opened its second office in Tucson, allowing its market base to reach southern Arizona. Sunland subsequently merged with Saguaro Pavement Maintenance in Tucson in 1998 and was able to optimize asphalt pavement maintenance products and services including chip seal and fabric overlays.

1994 – SUNLAND SPORTS

In 1994, Sunland introduced a new division, Sunland Sports, which provided the construction of sports surfaces including turf fields, tennis courts and running tracks throughout the Southwest. In 2015, Sunland Asphalt & Construction, Inc. sold Sunland Sports, which is now operating as Elite Sports Builders, LLC.

2000 – NEVADA

In 2000, Sunland opened an office in Las Vegas, to provide asphalt and pavement maintenance services across southern Nevada, northern Arizona, and nearby areas of California. In 2010, Sunland acquired Lamb Asphalt Maintenance, a smaller, local asphalt provider, which brought a crew well versed in greater Nevada’s asphalt needs.

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2009 – NATIONAL ACCOUNTS

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2011 – NEW MEXICO

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2012 – NEW CONSTRUCTION

In 2012, Sunland created the New Construction division to focus on earthwork and grading services for the private sector, serving clients in Arizona.

2014 – INFRASTRUCTURE

In 2014, Sunland launched the Infrastructure division to expand Sunland’s capabilities to perform underground utilities.

2016 – CIVIL

In 2016, Sunland merged the New Construction and Infrastructure divisions to create the Civil division. This power-house division provides services to public and private clients. Sunland’s Civil division self-performs an array of services that includes Sunland concrete, roadway excavation, drainage excavation, storm drain, sanitary sewer, waterline, removals and demolition, SWPPP, and dust control.

2017 – COLORADO

In 2017, Sunland acquired Black Gold Asphalt & Concrete in Littleton, Colorado to perform asphalt pavement maintenance, construction and concrete services in the region.

2018 – SOLTERRA MATERIALS

Sunland ventured into the asphalt materials industry by establishing Solterra Materials (Solterra) in 2018. Solterra has multiple asphalt manufacturing plants in Arizona, producing various asphalt mixes and blends with the flexibility to customize for specific projects and customers.

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BEYOND BUSINESS: BUILDING SUNLAND’S COMPANY CULTURE CORE VALUES, MISSION & VISION In 2016, Sunland revamped their CORE Values, Mission and Vision to align with a renewed focus on the growth of the company, as well as providing superior products, services, and employment opportunities. Sunland’s CORE Values include five factors: Customer Focus, Ownership, Relationships, Ethics, and Safety. Sunland’s Mission has been the same since day one, which is that ‘We do what we say we’ll do, when we say we’ll do it.’ The vision is ‘To be the best place in the world to work.’ Sunland is aware that without all of the hardworking employee-owners who make up Sunland’s workforce, there would be no business.

SUNLAND’S #1 ASSET: EMPLOYEES Each year, Sunland celebrates the accomplishments and dedication of our Employee Owners with end of year Employee Awards Luncheons. Companywide, employees in each location and/or division are recognized for their dedicated tenure, hard work and embodying Sunland’s CORE values. The Employee Awards Luncheons are non-work days, meaning all operations are suspended for everyone at each office location, so all can participate in the awards, food, team building activities, and prizes. DeClusin acknowledges that none of the company’s success could be possible without his team. His philosophy is simple, “Hire talented people, set them up for success with processes and procedures, get out of their way, and let them do their jobs,” DeClusin says. “We have the most talented staff I’ve ever been associated with in my 40 years here.”

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SUNLAND PROJECT SPOTLIGHT

APEX MOTOR CLUB

In 2018, Sunland began construction on the Apex Motor Club (Apex) project in Maricopa, Arizona. Apex is a club for automotive enthusiasts that allows members to run the track at their leisure, depending on their membership level. Due to the complex requirements of quality, composition design, and production Sunland was involved early on in the process. This scope of this project included a 2.3 mile circuit with a 3,400 foot straight away, as well as a helicopter landing pad. Materials for this project included 45,000 tons of concrete base material, as well as 14,000 tons of specially formulated asphalt specific for this track. Sunland’s involvement in the paving process for this project was unique due to a technique called echelon paving. This method entailed three pavers, three shuttle buggies, 20 rollers, 50 dump trucks and a crew of 47 Sunland employee owners running continuously on a daily basis. Echelon paving is not often utilized when paving a typical roadway, street or highway, and allows for the smoothest possible surface to be produced.

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The Sunland experience has been terrific. Sunland took pride and ownership in this project. We appreciate the committment that they made to having a premium product. Jason Plotke Founder & CEO, Apex Motor Club SPECIAL ADVERTISING SECTION


The scope of work for the Arizona State Route 73 Carrizo Whiteriver & Pedestrian Improvements on White Mountain Apache tribal land included 383,000 square yards of asphalt milling, followed by 61,000 tons of a three inch section of asphalt concrete base course, overlaid with 10,700 tons of a half inch section of asphalt concrete friction course. The project also included guardrail replacement, guardrail end treatments, sidewalk removal and construction, sidewalk ramps, driveways, curbs, gutters, pavement marking updates and new signage installation throughout the entire job. Pedestrian improvements were also made, which consisted of new concrete ramps, light poles, mast arms, luminaries, signals and all appropriate signage for crosswalks. This project was recognized by the White Mountain Apache Tribe Chairman, Ronnie Lupe. Sunland team members Immanuel Martinez and Dugan Dwyer were invited to meet Chairman Lupe in person and were awarded for their work and contributions to the community. TEN

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SUNLAND’S MISSION: WE DO WHAT WE SAY WE’LL DO, WHEN WE SAY WE’LL DO IT Over the last 40 years, the company has grown from an asphalt maintenance company into a full service general contractor, completing projects across the country, ranging from parking lot maintenance to major highways. Sunland continues to be recognized for their expertise and has been named one of “Arizona’s Fastest Growing Private Companies,” one of the “Top 50 Private Companies in Arizona,” and has consistently been ranked one of the “Top 10 Construction Companies - Heavy Category” by AZ Big Media. What began as a small business now has over 600 employees, eight divisions, performs various scopes of work and annual revenues north of $170 million. Amisdt the growth, Sunland continues to determinedly adhere to its 40 year old mission statement “We do what we say we’ll do, when we say we’ll do it.

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Jul-Aug 2019


Taking the Waters:

The Healing Magic of Castle Hot Springs

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ature provided Castle Hot Springs with one of Arizona’s most miraculous wonders: a constant flow of thermal water filling pools amidst beautiful rock formations. Native Americans had enjoyed the waters long before entrepreneurs capitalized on its mystical aura in 1896, when the state’s first resort opened there to provide luxurious accommodations for the well-heeled. For 80 years, Castle Hot Springs reigned as the Grande Dame of Left: Guests enjoying the Arizona resorts, springs, 1930s.

hosting presidents and tycoons who soaked in its therapeutic waters, hit golf balls on the short nine, and played badminton on the lawn. The idyllic retreat came to a sudden end when its main building, the three-story Palm Lodge, was destroyed by fire in 1976. The resort closed and became one of Arizona’s most underutilized and forgotten assets. The resort’s future remained in doubt until 2014 when Mike and Cindy Watts purchased the 200acre property at auction for $1.95 million.

“I am convinced that the waters, which contain trace amounts of lithium, have healing qualities,” Watts says.

“My intent was to bring it back to life to share a true Arizona treasure with people literally from around the world,” says Mike Watts, who reopened the posh resort in February 2019. “I think, based upon our early feedback, we have accomplished restoring the magic that was once there.” The history of Castle Hot Springs is an epic Arizona tale that began tens of thousands of years ago.

Images courtesy of Castle Hot Springs

Below: Guests play croquet and badminton, 1930s. Top right: Castle Hot Springs match cover, 1950s.

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Arizona Contractor & Community

Image courtesy of Douglas Towne

Douglas Towne


glas Towne Dou Image courtesy of

sanitarium operated by Dr. Floyd Driscomb, from Philadelphia, in 1894. Railroad and mining entrepreneur Frank Murphy purchased Castle Hot Springs two years later. Murphy upgraded accommodations at the springs and had a 23-mile access road built from the Santa Fe Railroad station in Morristown. Guests included wealthy and influential families such as the Rockefellers, Carnegies, Wrigleys, Vanderbilts, and Astors, who arrived in Morristown in their private rail cars. Visitors were transported to the resort via stagecoach, and later buses The resort was open from December to

May and featured the Palm Lodge, containing a kitchen, dining room, bar and dozens of rooms, along with private bungalows. The non-sulfurous springs were enjoyed in three swimming holes that had progressively cooler temperatures. The 20 acres of lawn, gardens, and citrus Top left: Castle Hot Springs trees created match cover, 1950s. a verdant oasis Top right: Guests enjoying amidst the the springs, 1930s. Below: Guests play croquet brown desert. and badminton, 1930s. The resort Below right: Guests out for claimed to a hike, 1930s. have the first

Images courtesy of Castle Hot Springs

Image courtesy of McCulloch Brothers, Inc.

A geologic anomaly created the site of enchanting waters that have lured visitors for more than a century. The springs’ 200,000 gallons per day of hot water emerge from groundwater 10,000 feet below the surface at an isolated location northwest of Lake Pleasant in the foothills of the Bradshaw Mountains. The 120-degree Fahrenheit water is heated by a fault contact between older granite and schist rocks, and more recent volcanic rocks. The odorless and clear spring water is so unique that Castle Hot Springs was designated an Arizona Heritage Water by Northern Arizona University. In 1867, U.S. Army Colonel Charles Craig and his troops were pursuing Apaches in the area. Craig named the site Castle Hot Springs, a nod to the fortress-like rock formations by the spring. The first development at the springs was a tuberculosis

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electric lights and telephone in Arizona. Governor Nathan Oakes Murphy, the brother of Frank Murphy, used the resort as the Arizona Territory’s winter capital. These were the golden years of Castle Hot Springs, when the resort hosted dignitaries such as Theodore Roosevelt, Calvin Coolidge, Herbert Hoover, and Franklin Roosevelt. During World War II, the resort was used by the military as a rehabilitation center. John F. Kennedy, injured during the sinking of the boat he commanded, PT-109, was among those who recuperated at Castle Hot Springs. The military’s presence inspired a unique event in honor of the convalescing vets. U.S. Senator Carl Hayden arranged for the American flag to fly 24-hours-a- day from the nearby 2,740-foot-high Salvation Peak. When Castle Hot Springs opened each year, guests and staff would race to the top of the mountain; the winner got to raise the flag for the season, according to a 1974 article in Arizona Highways. After World War II, the resort returned to civilian control. The resort’s 100 guests were attended to by a staff of 95, including bartender Bill Olsen, who served up “the driest Martini in Arizona,” according to a 1959 article in Arizona Days and Ways. The resort was showing its age when fire destroyed the main building in 1976. The property was subsequently donated by the Talley family to the nonprofit Arizona State University Foundation for use as a conference center. High operating costs influenced ASU to sell Castle Hot Springs in 1982. Although the property has had a succession of owners since then, none reopened the resort until Watts, a noted philanthropist and founder of a construction equipment rental company, purchased the property. Watts first spied the resort while four-wheeling and quail hunting in the area in the mid-1970s. “It was an old, dilapidated treasure that would require a tremendous amount of vision and work to bring it back to life,” he recalls. “It was in this most natural, beautiful setting in the Bradshaw Mountains that called to anyone who ever drove by it with literally hundreds of palm trees.” Reopening the remote resort was a challenge. Watts wanted to preserve its heritage while modernizing facilities and services. Its rebirth has been as green as

its famed lush landscaping. Many sustainable elements were incorporated into the refurbished resort. On-site materials such as stone, sand, and gravel were used. Guests ride in electric vehicles, disposable plastics are verboten, and all paper, glass, and cardboard are recycled. Many of the ingredients used in the kitchen are grown on-site. The resort, managed by Westroc Hos-

Despite the green and luxurious updates, water continues to be a focus at the resort

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pitality, features 32 new accommodations including spring bungalows, sky view cabins, and the three-bedroom Historic Cottage. The former administration building, now called the Lodge, serves as the lobby and restaurant. Horseback riding, a historic staple of the resort has returned. “We have a seasonal wrangler that brings his horses in and that’s been a big hit with our guests,” Watts says. Despite the green and luxurious updates, water continues to be a focus at the resort. Guests can soak in the hot springs, swim in the pool or soak in bun-

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Top left: The Lodge at Castle Hot Springs, 2019. Top right: Helicopter bringing guests to Castle Hot Springs, 2019. Right: Ribbon-cutting with the Wickenburg Chamber of Commerce (Watts on far right), 2019. Bottom right: Castle Hot Springs, 2019. Bottom left: Bungalow at Castle Hot Springs, 2019.

galow bathtubs supplied by piped-in spring water, or relax with a Lithium Lager, produced at the on-site brewery using spring water. Water from the hot springs was rerouted through the property to create a stream with natural falls. “Guests in the bungalows can leave their windows cracked and listen to the sounds of the spring,” Watts says. “It’s very peaceful.”

After five years of rehabbing, Watts is clearly pleased with the birth of an Arizona gem. Still, his favorite aspects are its healing waters and heritage. “I am convinced that the waters, which contain trace amounts of lithium, have healing qualities,” Watts says. “I enjoy relaxing in the hot spring tubs in solitude, thinking about the people more than 120 years ago who used to do the very same thing, and the benefits they received.” This verdant oasis, closed for decades, appeared to be merely a mirage in the desert. But after its recent transformation, the secluded resort once again beckons guests to rejuvenate in its healing waters.

“Our guests have reported improvements with everything from anxiety levels to arthritis pain after soaking in the springs,” Watts says. What more could you ask for from a resort?

Images courtesy of Castle Hot Springs

Its rebirth has been as green as its famed lush landscaping.

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Jul-Aug 2019


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Paul Staman:

A Mid-Century Contractor with Staying Power Carly Hanson

P

struction scene building homes alongside prominent developer David Murdock. He went on to work as a partner in Staman, Fields & Co., which developed luxury residential buildings in Phoenix in the 1950s and 1960s. Staman was born in Aliquippa, Penn-

Images courtesy of Arizona Contractor & Community

aul Staman sat in his living room next to his wife, Pauline, as he reminisced about his 48 years in the construction industry. “The fact that I can remember all this stuff...I think it’s pretty good,” he chuckled, after revealing his 100th birthday is in December. Staman started on the con-

sylvania, in 1919. He graduated from the University of Pennsylvania in 1941, then enlisted in the Army during World War II. After the war, he and his sister were advised to relocate their father because of health complications. They traveled to

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Top left: Martinique Apartments at 3242 E. Camelback Rd., 1960. Above: The Pierre on 5th at Fifth and Whitton avenues, 1961. Below: Exterior of Maryland Park West, 1960. Bottom left: Rendering (1958) and advertisement (1960) for Maryland Park West.

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Arizona Contractor & Community


man obtained his own contractor license in 1950. “He said, ‘Paul, why don’t you leave there and come into business with me?’ So, we built two houses together, on the south side of Edgemont over the Encanto Golf Course,” Staman said. Their first spec home was in Pyle Estates near Seventh and Orangewood

Image courtesy of Author

Phoenix and bought a house in 1946. His father died, however, before they could move him. Still set on living in Phoenix, Staman moved with his mother and sister and met Pauline a few years later in Tucson. David Murdock was another reason Staman came to Phoenix - they worked on construction projects together before Sta-

Images courtesy of Arizona Contractor & Community

avenues, and requests soon Top: Rendering for Chateau De came in for Ville, 129 E. Palm Lane, 1963. Above: Paul and Pauline Stamore work. man, 2019. When the Left: Staman family, 1958. r e a l - e s t a t e Right: Staman & Fields conmarket col- crete brass plaque, 1961. lapsed in the 1960s, Murdock moved to Los Angeles seeking other opportunities and invited Staman to come along. He declined. Murdock later purchased Castle & Cooke, owner of what’s now known as Dole Food Company. Fifty eight

Jul-Aug 2019


Staman had a close childhood friend, Bell Surber, who lived with him after her parents died. She grew up to marry Ed Fields, who would become Staman’s business partner. “My parents took her home right from the cemetery...she met Eddie, and they got married in our home,” Staman said. The newly married couple moved to West Virginia, where Fields had a scrap business. “Many, many years later, Ed gave up the scrap business and moved to Arizona and went into business with me.” Staman and Fields developed the Martinique Apartments near 32nd Street and Camelback Road, where Staman lived with Pauline and their three children for about two years. “People on the second floor could oversee the mountains. There were some duplexes and some individual units... the kids loved it,” he said. One of Staman’s personal favorites is The Pierre on 5th, an apartment complex on Fifth and Whitton avenues in Midtown Phoenix. “It’s a three-story elevator building with huge apartments, maybe 2,000 square feet, and big balconies...what a beautiful project,” Staman said. The only project he loved more than The Pierre was Chateau De Ville on East Palm Lane near the Heard Museum. “That was one of the nicest projects I ever built,” Staman said. “It had old brick, white shutters, and the apartments were about 1,500 to 1,600 square feet, with beautiful artwork and balconies.” A solo project of Staman’s was Maryland Park West near Third and Maryland avenues, the first condominium in Phoenix. “It was a two-story unit overlooking the mountains. There was no such thing as a condominium at that time,” Staman said. Some of Staman’s favorite memories from the construction industry are the people he had the chance to work for. “Most of my customers were very nice,” he said. “I remember a custom home I built on the mountainside for a man who worked as a comedian, and it was so much of a pleasure building for him. Anything I suggested, he’d say, ‘Whatever you say, that’s fine,’ and he invited Pauline and me up for wine.” Fields, who died in his 60s, is another warm memory for Staman. “Ed was such a wonderful person,” he said. “He had an unbelievable personality, and all the kids loved him. They called him ‘Uncle Yeddie.’” Staman also talked about Mary Ellen McGinn, a real-estate agent who provided him with free office space when he was in the process of salvaging a struggling business. Staman retired at age 75 and now lives arizcc.com

in an assisted-living facility in Phoenix with reads, “To Paul Staman, Builder and LongPauline. The couple has been married for time Resident, From All Your Friends and 68 years. “We’re so busy, and it’s really Grateful Patio Home Neighbors.” wonderful. We go to dinner, to the theater...you have to pick and choose. Life is good, and as long as we stay well, that’s all that counts,” Staman said. Two of their three children live in Phoenix, but Staman said they have the pleasure of speaking with all three frequently. After he moved to his current facility, the homeowners of his last development, Taliverde Patio Homes at The Biltmore, gifted him a crystal plaque for his contributions that

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Julia Park Tracey

T

een flapper Doris Bailey, 17, had a burst appendix. She nearly died in 1927, in those dangerous days before antibiotics, and stayed in the hospital with terrible infections for months. So as 1928 began, her father, Portland architect Luther R. Bailey, sold his business and packed up the family for warmer climes. The desert was the place to heal his beloved only daughter, so they headed south to Los Angeles, playground of the stars, and ripe for new development. Doris was the apple of Luther’s eye, and anything she wanted, she tended to get. At least, that’s how the family story goes. But real estate fortunes ebbed and

Image courtesy of Douglas Towne

Below: Luther Bailey’s El Padre Chico model home built in 1928 at 1310 W. Willetta St., 2003. Right: 1516 E. Coronado, for sale with some desperate language, 1929.

flowed in Portland during the 1920s, and one of those ebbs took Luther’s capital with it. In a coincidence of timing and urgent family needs, the Baileys—Luther, his wife Willie, and their children—headed to the Southwest. Born in Alabama in 1872, Bailey attended Southern University, then took Willie to Boston and graduated from Boston College with an advanced degree in engineering. They had the first of their five children there. Bailey arrived in Portland in 1908; by 1910, he was president of the Portland Realty and Construction Company. In 1911 he established a building contractor business under the name of L.R. Bailey & Company, serving as president and manager. Bailey’s World War I draft registration lists his occupation as “architect” and his

ublic

The Hidden Legacy of Western Architect Luther R. Bailey

Image courtesy of Arizona Repl

Derailed Success:

employer as “self.” Although listed as an architect in city directories for decades, there is no evidence that he was actually registered or licensed as an architect in Oregon or anywhere. But his beautiful house plans and engineering expertise are not in dispute. Bailey’s designs and buildings quickly earned him an excellent reputation and included examples of Colonial Revival, Prairie School, and Craftsman-style homes. In addition to building his own houses on speculation, Bailey contracted with other real estate speculators and constructed some 100 homes in Portland in those 20 years from 1908-1928. One of Willie’s brothers, Ernest Upshaw, sold real estate in Los Ange-

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in Coronado Park made to local people in the last 10 days, according to L. R. Bailey, president of the Realty firm,” the Republic announced later. By March 1929, the last Coronado Park business tract had been sold. With fingers in many pies, Bailey and Upshaw forged ahead, applying for a 25-year franchise on the water system for Coronado Park, which they would build to supply all the new homes. Maricopa County supervisors approved the franchise, and also gave Bailey and Upshaw the water supply and distribution for Orangewood Estates, accord-

hy Trust

Top left: Luther R. Bailey. Top right: Partner and in-laws Woodson and Florence Upshaw at their Tucson home, 1927. Right: Advertisement for Coronado Park lots, 1928. Far right: Luther Bailey and two associates at the Biltmore Hotel, 1930.

rus 5, 10, 15, 20 acres, for city home…also 3 brand new suburban homes [in exchange] for a clear lot, good land.” Bailey was the designer and builder; Upshaw, a newspaper editor who also sold advertising for Tucson’s Arizona Daily Star, had a knack for marketing. “One of the rapidly growing subdivisions in this district is Coronado Park, located between the 16th and 15th streets and extending from McDowell Road to Palm Lane,” a 1929 article in the Republic proclaimed. “This tract was subdivided into 100 residence and business tracts and was placed on the market by Bailey and Upshaw, North Adams St. realtors, on October 1, 1928.” Business was booming, or so it seemed. “As a barometer of real estate activity in Phoenix, Bailey and Upshaw Realty and Trust Company report the sale of three residents lots in Coronado Park, McDowell Road and 16th St., last week... These sales make a total of five lots

Images courtesy of Doris Baile y Murp

les in the late 1920s. Luther’s family moved to Hollywood and Doris and the other kids started school. But Los Angeles was a nonstarter. Bailey tried to get traction in Southern California real estate, but a quick business trip to Tucson to see his wife’s other brother, Woodson Upshaw, motivated the Baileys to pack up and move again, to Phoenix. In the late 1920s, Phoenix real estate was a buzzing hive of activity, with orange and grapefruit acreage for sale out in the desert, as well as city lots and neighborhood subdivisions in town. Medlock Place, located north of Camelback Road and Central Avenue, was platted in 1926; Orangewood Estates, located near Seventh and Missouri avenues, was platted out in 1928 and Coronado Park at about the same time. The timing seemed ripe for Bailey’s beautiful home designs. By April 1928, Bailey had set up shop with Woodson Upshaw, opened an office downtown at 134 West Adams, and the Bailey & Upshaw firm was born. With several Phoenix housing developments going in, Bailey and Upshaw were mostly in the business of selling already existing houses and properties. There was a lot of trading citrus land for Phoenix homes, as in their 1930 classified ad in the Arizona Republic, offering to swap “Arcadia cit-

Arizona Contractor & Community


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ing to a May 1930 article in the Republic. Bailey owned something like 31 lots in total in Phoenix, from Security Acres in Scottsdale to Encanto and Coronado Park, with a swath of empty lots in Orangewood Estates, according to property records from the Maricopa County Assessor’s office. Upshaw and Bailey “capitalized on

the proximity of Medlock [District’s] success in their subdivision advertisements,” as the story goes on the Historic Phoenix Districts web site. But “Orangewood Estates speculators did not have the immediate success that Medlock experienced. Rather, the large lots sold slowly, mostly going to local land speculators and for investment holdings.

Bailey built a handful of homes in Phoenix - beautiful homes, but nothing on the level of what he did in Portland.

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No houses were built in the area before the mid-1930s,” the website states. Bailey built five homes in Coronado, two in Encanto, and one in Wilshire Place, but was unable to muster enough interest from buyers, nor faith from lumber companies or other speculators, to build more. For a year after high school, daughter Doris Bailey, 19, was also selling housing lots at $10 per lot and earning $1 each in commission (see sidebar). But the Great Depression was not kind to the genteel Mr. Bailey. Building activity slowed to a crawl, then stood still, and his lots were being foreclosed upon by 1934. He lost everything in Phoenix, his properties sold at auction by the sheriff. The family returned to Portland and rented a house, no longer the bon vivant on the social scene as they’d previously been. Bailey eventually found employment with the Works Public Administration and was an engineer on the Mt. Hood Timberline Lodge project. He later worked for Housing and Urban Development. I’ve found only a single house in Portland built by Bailey after his return to the Pacific Northwest in 1934. Bailey died in 1948 after a series of heart attacks, and I don’t think it’s overstating it to say that he died of a broken heart. If Bailey had held on a little longer, he might have succeeded in Arizona, as did his brother-in-law Woodson Upshaw, who stuck with selling real estate. Woodson became comfortably wealthy after eventually developing not one but five suburban home subdivisions in the Sunnyslope area: Upshaw Desert Mountain, Upshaw Desert Heights, Upshaw Desert Gardens, Upshaw Desert View, and Upshaw Desert Terrace. But Bailey’s legacy lives on in Portland and in Phoenix. Bailey designed and built the McAvinney Fourplex and the George W. Hazen House in Portland, which are both on the National Register of Historic Places. Bailey built a handful of homes in Phoenix—beautiful homes, but nothing on the level of what he did in Portland. One Phoenix gem, however, is in the Willo neighborhood at 326 West Cypress that graced the cover of the October 2016 issue of Phoenix Home and Garden. Bailey was a quiet man who hid his early successes, even from his own immediate family, who knew little of his accomplishments. After ending up broke, bankrupt and ashamed, it’s worth giving him his due as an architect and homebuilder in the West.

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Doris Does Phoenix (Real Estate)! a garter belt and pomade on the strength of it.

March 20, 1930 - Worked like a Trojan from nine till 4:30. Have at last discovered the terrible truth. I’m dumn [sic]. Hopelessly. My brain is in a stagnant condition. I simply cannot absorb shorthand.

Feb. 26, 1930 - I went to the “Build Your Home Exposition” this evening with the idea of raking in some prospects. But I didn’t. It nauseated me. The place was saturated with vociferous real estate men. Ugh.

April 3, 1930 - Mr. Gardiner has left Valencia and gone to Morocco [rival firm]. Darn poor sportsmanship, I call it. To desert we [us] when business is slumping and go to a rival firm, leaving my darling Mr. Silliphant in the lurch.

March 3, 1930 - I went to Valencia office to see if I had any [commission] money, and Mr. Silliphant was there. “Didn’t work any last week, did you, Miss Bailey?” “No – I’ve been playing.” “Get someone for tomorrow, will you? For me?” “I’ll try,” and I wafted out the door on sunlight.

April 18, 1930 - Willy [Mr. Gardiner] is back at Valencia. Morocco went broke. Serves him right! Wish they’d refused to take him back.

Julia Park Tracey

T

he Crash of 1929 has just occurred, and 19-year-old Doris Bailey had graduated from high school and is looking for a job in Phoenix. The family has been well off in Portland, Oregon, but Doris had suffered a burst appendix and spent months in the hospital. Those medical bills and the general economy drove her family to leave cushy Portland and try the promise of real estate speculation—and better health—in the warm desert air. What follows are some of Doris’s diary entries, as she refers to their new life as Phoenicians – first, some worry, then her natural ebullience returns. “Daddy” is Phoenix real estate speculator/architect, Luther R. Bailey; Uncle Wood is Woodson D. Upshaw, Bailey’s real estate partner. Jan. 12, 1930 - I have never felt quite so futile or alone, or hopeless. I wanted to move into the other house, with the upstairs bedroom, but no – we remain in this 2 x 4 [rented house] all huddled together. Then we went to see Uncle Wood and all that was talked about was mortgages and how little money there was. I don’t want to become involved in all this. I want to run from rents and laundry bills and worries and mortgages.

sent anyone to Valencia for two weeks. I’m askance myself; lazy, I guess.

March 6, 1930 - Sweet old Silliphant looked askance when I told him I hadn’t

May 23, 1930 - Bought slick new white ensemble and linen slippers. We’re going to Prescott to the Hassayampa Mountain Club tomorrow. Real Estate Board is being entertained. I hope it won’t be too frightfully boring – that something young and interesting will be around. But there isn’t much chance.

Jan. 22, 1930 - I’m going to the real estate dance with Daddy in about an hour [at the Biltmore]. I might say, “Perhaps I’ll meet the man of my dreams,” but I’d be only kidding myself into false hopes. So, here goes, for better or for worse. Doris takes a sales job with real estate promoter Leigh Silliphant, whose Valencia office at 105 N. Central was near her father’s on West Adams. She promotes Silliphant’s “get rich in real estate” evening sales pitches and sells vacant lots for $10 each; her commission is $1 per attendee, and she gets $1 commission for every lot sale.

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Doris Bailey, 1930

.

Image courtesy of

Feb. 11, 1930 - Mr. Jones stopped me on the street and said, “I hear you made a sale.” Oh, that self-satisfied feeling of elation! I bought a new pair of stockings,

Doris Bailey Murph y Trust

Feb. 4, 1930 - Talked to two nice men in the stationery store about going to Valencia. The trouble is that people don’t take me seriously when I spiel away about the citrus acreage. They laugh, and all talk about the smooth salesmen out there.

Jul-Aug 2019


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Homes with a Personal Touch: Phoenix’s Goodheart Construction Co. Donna Reiner, PhD

A

midst the boom in mass-produced housing in the Valley in the 1960s, one firm stood out as offering customized homes: Goodheart Construction Co. Founded by William R. “Bill” Goodheart, he strove to be “the builder of an individualized house who takes the time and has the desire personally to plan the structure with his clients from start to finish,” according to the Arizona Republic in 1971. Goodheart Construction designed, built, and even assisted with decorating and financing homes for clients such Dick Van Arsdale, who was captain of the Phoenix Suns at the time, and race-car driver Tom Sneva, who won the Indy 500 in 1983. Van Arsdale’s home, with high ceilings to accommodate the basketball player’s 6-foot-4-inch frame, was featured in the Republic’s Sun Living section in 1974. While Goodheart Construction built luxury homes for its well-heeled clientele, the company had a rather modest beginning. The project that launched Goodheart into the business was a chicken farm in

Phoenix, which he was trying to sell as a real estate agent. “The owner eventually made the terms so attractive, I decided to buy it and build on it myself,” he told the Republic. Goodheart’s real estate-to-construction evolution is an inspiring tale of an individual who took great care in helping shape the Valley. Goodheart was born in New York City in 1932. His father, William R. Goodheart, Jr., co-founded the Music Corporation of America, along with Jules Stein, which began as a music booking agency. William Goodheart wanted to retire in his 40s, and by the time his son was 11, they moved to a farm in Ohio. There, his son developed a life-long love of animals. In the Phoenix retirement community where Goodheart now lives, dogs know that he carries a bag of treats. Goodheart’s father moved to Phoenix in 1956 and worked in real estate with Russ Lyon, specializing in commercial properties. His son remained in the Midwest, and received a B.A. from the University of Illinois and an M.B.A. from Washington Uni-

versity in St. Louis. Goodheart then worked in the personnel department of a major U.S. chemical corporation, until moving to Phoenix in 1959. With his father’s connections, Goodheart found a job in home sales with Russ Lyon. A few years later, Goodheart was confronted with a challenging parcel to sell: an oddly shaped property south of Indian School Road on 40th Street. “I had listed and been trying to sell this chicken farm for some time,” Goodheart says. “No one could envision what to do with this property, so as the seller’s terms became sweeter and sweeter, I decided that to purchase it myself in 1962.” Goodheart had 78 apartments and a six-suite medical center built on the site. Although he hired a company to build on the site, this venture was the beginning of what would become Goodheart Construction. After the successful multi-family project, Goodheart bid on other construction projects while continuing to sell real estate. Wayne Nelson, a veteran in the construction industry, became his valued employee. Most of Goodheart’s work was in the Valley, but his company did some construction projects in Flagstaff, including the Elks Lodge, Gore Manufacturing, and the Coconino Health Center. He also built Grace Methodist Church in Mesa and several buildings at Mesa Community College. The company’s offices were in a building

Goodheart Company office at 5800 N. 19th Ave., 1960. sixty six

Image courtesy of Arizona Contractor & Community

“His good heart and vision to work with each client make a Goodheart home a place to remember”

Jul-Aug 2019


Images courtesy of Arizona Contractor & Community

located at 5800 N. 19th Ave, which still stands across from ChrisTown Shopping Center. In his early ventures, Goodheart encouraged some subcontractors to start their own businesses by offering them steady work. As his company

grew, Goodheart occasionally bid to build a house designed by local architects. He recalls installing his first microwave oven in a Joe Wong-designed home at the Arizona Country Club. However, he still preferred working directly with an owner. Goodheart operated by buying large parcels, rezoning them, and reselling the improved property to another buyer. If no one met Goodheart’s asking price, he built on it and then resold it. “I found that I enjoyed the intimate relationship of designing and building a home with the future owner,” he says. “Consequently, residential buildings became my favorite.” After laying out his ideas on 8 ½-x-14-inch grid paper for the approval of the owner, Goodheart then had a draftsman create the construc-

Above: William Goodheart (front right) at KoKo Restaurant, 24th St. and Camelback Rd., 1959. Left: William Goodheart, 1972. Left inset: Goodheart Company logo.

tion drawings. Goodheart homes were usually a pitched-roof, one-story building, preferably built using adobe or Superlite block. Often, there was a fireplace faced with stone. Goodheart took great pride in his practical designs that looked good. He claims to have no favorite from all those homes he built, saying that, “each was different and unique.” Goodheart added that he certainly would not build the same house in any of the small subdivisions he owned. However, he would develop one or two models, and use those as starting points for designing someone’s own personalized home which fit their family and living patterns. Goodheart had a proactive construction philosophy. “I try to foresee as many problems as possible and solve them in the planning stage rather than during construc-

“Goodheart took great pride in his practical designs that looked good.”

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Image courtesy of Author

tion when it is more costly,” he told the Republic. When questioned as to how he obtained clients, Goodheart smiled, noting that the well-to-do would be his target client. He advertised in PHOENIX Magazine, because that publication targeted the same audience. Goodheart decided his ad would be hand-drawn to stand out from the others, which all looked professionally drawn. “Just like an art masterpiece, an original gown, a prized manuscript, each Goodheart home is Vista Los Arcos, Spanish Modern created in a style theme home built by Goodheart.

of its own [and] is an original in the fullest sense, a one-of-a-kind, resulting from an exclusive Goodheart tradition, direct collaboration between buyer and builder at all times,” read an ad in the Republic. Wealthy clients like Van Arsdale came to Goodheart Construction looking for their dream homes. Van Arsdale’s house was one of the early ones in Goodheart’s 54-acre Mirada Los Arcos subdivision, located on 35th Street south of Lincoln Drive in Paradise Valley. This 46-home development was built in three -phases and featured oneacre homesites with views of the Phoenix skyline. Goodheart homes were clustered in three other areas: • North Central Acres, with six houses, was located at Fifth Street and McLellan Avenue, • Vista Los Arcos subdivision located on 35th Street south of Lincoln Drive in Paradise Valley, and • Century Club Estates, having 60, oneacre parcels set among, what was then, Century Country Club, located northeast of Shea Blvd. and 56th Street in Scottsdale. Housing is well cared for in these areas. “I know several previous owners who live in these complexes, and they still speak to me,” Goodheart says. “I guess they liked their homes.” Goodheart Construction ceased operation in 1988. His good heart and vision to work with each client make a Goodheart home a place to remember. “I want to be a survivor of a dying breed—the builder of the individualized house who takes the time and has the desire to plan the structure with his clients from start to finish,” he told the Republic in 1971. These days, he goes by “Bill,” (if you call him William, he’s certain that you don’t know him), and his vision is modest. “I simply wanted people to be happy and satisfied,” he says. sixty eight

Jul-Aug 2019


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Left: Kmart staff, 1973. Below: Kmart entrance before parking-lot paving, 1973. Right: First shoppers at Kmart, 1973. Below right: Installation of interior light fixtures, 1973. Inset: Brass plaque at Kmart threshold, 1973.

Building on the Past 1973: Attention Kmart Shopper

S

.S. Kresge was a variety store founded in the late 1890s that peaked at 682 outlets in 1940. In 1962, the company opened a new store in the Detroit suburb of Garden City and named it “Kmart.” The rebranding was successful nationwide. On September 13, 1973 the 629th Kmart, and eighth in Arizona, opened at 3401 West Greenway Road to long lines of shoppers. The store was one of the 100 new outlets launched that year by the Troy, Michigan-based company. The Kmart on Greenway Road was built by Metro Construction Co., a subsidiary

company of Eltinge, Graziadio & Sampson Development Co., based in Los Angeles. Metro was the acting general contractor for several Kmarts built in Arizona during the 1970s. The store was staffed by more than 200 employees, with additional help hired during the holiday season. “A staff made up entirely of local people will assure our being alert to all the needs of our customers,” Donald E. Naylor, store manager, told the Arizona Republic in 1973. In addition to a full line of goods, the Kmart featured a self-service snack bar and auto repair shop.

A popular feature was the store’s flashing blue light, which signaled a 15-minute special to move slow-moving merchandise. At its peak, Kresge operated 2,323 Kmarts in 1994. After bankruptcy proceedings in 2002 and in 2018, about 200 stores remain open today. The Kmart on Greenway Road closed in 2013 and the building was repurposed as Phoenix Indoor Karting, a go-cart racing facility. The building is currently being converted into a climate-controlled storage facility by Perlo Construction (see associated article, page 19).

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I

t is always interesting to hear over the years the name of an architect associated with creating amazing work, and yet know very little about him. Then to finally focus your research on such a talent and discover so much more. This is a story about such a discovery: Charles Owens Biggs, III, AIA. Biggs was born 1926 in Dexter, Missouri, and his family later moved to southern California. He attended Covina High School and Mt. San Antonio College and played football at the University of California, Berkeley, where he received his architecture degree. He married Helen Kathryn Baker, who had earned a degree at the UC Berkeley Highland School of Nursing In 1951. They honeymooned in Carmel, had three children, and moved to Arizona in 1954. Biggs became the ASU Director of the Planning and Construction Division. He is credited with producing and refining the ASU university planning and architectural characteristics that led to the Cady Mall, based upon an all-star team of local architects in the early 1960s. Biggs also oversaw the bids for the 11 ASU fraternity houses at Eighth Street and Scottsdale Road and the ASU President’s home at Mill Avenue and Concordia in Tempe. In June 1963, he opened Charles O.

Charles Owens Biggs, III, AIA: Discovered Talent Doug Sydnor, FAIA Doug_sydnor@outlook.com Biggs in Phoenix at 221 E. Camelback Rd, which would become “architects’ row.” Around 1965, Jack W. Kaufman, AIA, joined the firm, which was renamed Biggs & Kaufman, and moved the office to the Financial Center at 3443 N. Central Ave. A few years later Lloyd Peyton Ware, AIA, joined the firm, and it was renamed Biggs, Kaufman & Ware. The firm disbanded in October 1970, and each principal created his own firm. Biggs moved his office to 201 E. Earl Dr. In 1978 he joined the Del Webb Development Co. and became Vice President and Manager of the Commercial Architecture Department. Biggs retired in 1995 to focus on photography. Biggs was active in the community, including helping develop plans for a new Boy Scout camp at Spade Ranch north of Payson in 1955. That same year, he was a

spokesman for five associated architects who prepared plans about the condition and potential expansion of the State Capitol. He was the AIA Central Arizona Chapter Public Relations Committee Chairman in 1965. Biggs provided a 100,000 squarefeet design layout for the “Arizona Home Beautiful Show” at Veterans Coliseum in 1968. In addition, he served as the 1969 ASU Architecture Foundation President. His family lived in the Encanto Vista neighborhood at the eastern edge of the Encanto Park Golf Course, which became a Phoenix historic district in 2002. Biggs was instrumental in photographing the district’s 79 homes, built from 1945-1959, to assist with the historic designation approval. During more than 40 years of architectural practice, Biggs had strength in designing commercial, financial service facilities, and municipal projects. Let’s examine a few of his architectural works in Arizona. Biggs & Kaufman designed the First National Bank of Arizona at 833 W. Broadway Rd in Tempe in 1967. The bank included a lobby, tellers, office platform, vault, and a three-lane drive-thru. The building’s architectural character is described as “Neo-Expressionism/NeoSonoran” in the 2016 book, And Tiko-Tu? The Midcentury Architecture of Greater Phoenix’ East Valley. Such a style speaks directly to the soaring and curving roof form that confidently addresses the street. It is a pure retailing gesture that draws attention while expressing the more public internal uses and bathing such applications in a soft diffused northern light. Lower

Images courtesy of Author

Below: First National Bank of Arizona, Tempe, 1967. Below right: First National Bank of Arizona Operations Center, Tempe, 1968.

Architect’s Perspective:

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Jul-Aug 2019


Images courtesy of City of Phoenix Fire Department

building forms are the supportive functions project quite sculptural and more animated and constructed of concrete slump block or than the usual early 1970s Scottsdale natural stone walls. architecture. We have since learned that The Neo-Sonoran style speaks to this firm, known for very contemporary an appropriate response in our hot, dry work, was responding to the prevalent climate and to solar angles, as the tall Spanish Colonial Revival style being glazing is held to the north and eliminated enforced by the City. at the more severe exposures. As of this This two-story, 17,500 square-foot writing, the building is empty and available building used a plaster finish, mission tile for lease. This suggests that it is vulnerable roofs, and wood-paneled doors that all and threatened with redevelopment, but it speak to this preferred style; but it does would make an excellent adaptive reuse as retain its contemporary roots. This structure a restaurant. is a transitional piece as it demonstrates The Fire Training Academy at 2430 the design changes underway from an S. 22nd Ave in Phoenix was completed in eclectic revival style to the more modern 1968. The academy is composed of an work in the mid-1970s. administration building, training tower, and I hope you enjoyed this path to a new a fire building for containment and smoke discovery. drills. The complex “…displays bold forms and textured finishes of poured in place concrete” according to the 1983 book, A Guide to the Architecture of Metro Phoenix. The project received the 1968 AIA CAC Merit Design Award. The jury stated, “This building group has been comprised on the slab base in such a way that the distinctively different units are brought together in visual unity. The bold sculptural forms grew out of solving functional problems.” Biggs, Kaufman & Ware designed the 1970 Southwest Savings and Loan at Scottsdale Road and Rancho Vista just north of downtown Scottsdale. This new facility was all about customer service as reflected with sit-down tellers, a night depository, safe deposit boxes in the Top: Fire Training Academy, Phoenix, 1968. vault, a drive-thru teller window, and Right inset: Charles ‘after hour’ facilities. Owens Biggs, 2001. I always found this particular Right: Southwest Savings

Douglas B. Sydnor, FAIA, is Principal at Douglas Sydnor Architect and Associates, Inc. and author of three architectural books. Additional Phoenix-area projects by Charles Owens Biggs, III, include: 1968 - First National Bank of Arizona Operations Center, 1300 E. Alameda, Tempe 1970 - Phoenix Telco Credit Union, 301 E. McDowell Rd, Phoenix - remodeled 1970 - Medical-Dental Center, 3620 E. Campbell Ave, Phoenix - demolished 1972 - Southwest Savings and Loan, La Ronde Center, Sun City

& Loan, Scottsdale, 1970.

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Digging Through the Archives: Barry Warner: Professional Contractor William Horner

O

ne individual has been a constant in my life for almost 15 years: Barry Warner. Barry has been involved with the Arizona Contractor & Community magazine since its inception in 2012, and he was my supervisor at Ace Asphalt from

Images courtesy of Barry Warner

Top left: Barry operating a steel wheel roller for Professional Contracting, 1984. Top right: Barry on a Cat 613 water pull at Sun City West for Professional Contracting, 1982. Below: Barry (far right) with ABC crew grading streets for Professional Contracting, 1981. Bottom right: Barry displays his catch while working out of town for Professional Contracting, 1985.

2004 until recently, when I left as a blade operator to become a full-time publisher. The two of us worked together with many other experienced hands on numerous grading projects around the Valley. Barry was born in Camden, New Jersey where his father, Fergus Warner, was a practicing architect. His family moved to Mesa in 1960. “Fergus worked for T.S. Montgomery in Phoenix, before branching out on his own,” Barry says. A few of his notable projects were the Cloisters Condos at the Biltmore, Sun City Post Office #1, Tempe Main Fire

Station, Nile Theater in Mesa, and Goldfield Ghost Town. While his father wanted him to pursue a career in drafting and architecture, Barry had other ambitions. “I started racing motorcycles at the age of 14, including flat track and tourist-trophy racing at Beardsley Raceway,” he says. “We raced at Manzanita for a short time until moving into motocross racing. I raced motocross until the age of 19, at Arizona Cycle Park, Arizona Desert Raceways, Mayer Raceway, and Bee Line Dragway Motocross.” Barry was introduced to construction by his friends in junior high. “Their fathers were superintendents for local grading and paving companies,” he says. Barry began working at Professional Contracting Co. in the summer of 1979. “My first job was a shovel man on the paving crew, moving up to an asphalt raker, finish roller hand, and finally screed man.”

seventy four

Jul-Aug 2019


Image courtesy of Tom Hogarty

“I worked at Professional until 1985, and while some of those old school supervisors weren’t the easiest to work under, I met and learned a lot about the grading and paving industry,” Barry says. “The company treated me well and there was the opportunity to advance.” Barry and I often discussed the older workers from the 1970s and 1980s. “I was fortunate to work around and learn from some of the top finish blade hands at the time,” he says. “Professional built many subdivisions in Chandler, South Tempe, Mesa, near Union Hills in North Phoenix, and Sun City. At one time, I remember they had 11 blades running for an entire year.” After his Top left: Shane Dikoff, stint at ProfesRick Kempton, Scott sional, Barry Davis, and Barry Warner worked for a few (l-r), 2012. Top right: Barry and the smaller outfits author, 2015. until he learned

also excels at playing guitar. He played the Tempe and Phoenix bar circuit in the 1980s until later shifting his priorities to raising a family. In the last decade, Barry, along with his friend Paul Staron, have launched an acoustic guitar-based duo, playing covers from the 1970s and 1980s. Their playlist is a compilation of popular songs and lesser-known B-side musical masterpieces from James Taylor, the Eagles, Jackson Browne, America, early Fleetwood Mac, Simon and Garfunkel, various Motown artists, and classic soft rock and blues tunes. Staron & Warner regularly perform in Fountain Hills at Vu Bistro restaurant and Grapeables Wine Bar. For more than a quarter-century, Barry has excelled at the task at hand: whether performing his favorite songs in front of an audience or directing a crew on a construction project. I’m fortunate to have shared some of Barry’s journey with him.

Image courtesy of Paul Markow

Below: Barry on the El Cid Castle rehabilitation project at 19th Ave and Peoria, 2014. Bottom right: Musical duo, Staron & Warner.

of a growing company called Ace Asphalt operated by John Drexler. This was the late 1980s, when construction firms rarely offered full benefits for employees. Drexler, however, had the philosophy of taking care of his employees and in return, they would take care of the company. Every year Drexler hosted a lavish party for employees and their families to thank them for their efforts in making Ace Asphalt a success. Barry shared Drexler’s philosophy, treating each employee with respect and giving them the skills and tools needed to succeed. While working as an operator for Barry, my maturity and patience blossomed as I witnessed how he handled stressful situations. While I’ve seen others crack under pressure, Barry always held it together and kept his cool. He’s one of the few employees at Ace Asphalt with more than 25 years of service. Besides working construction, Barry

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Bid Results

Past Project Awards Jul-Aug 1959

5/1/2019 2019 District Wide Paving ACE Asphalt $1,282,735

5/21/2019 Deer Valley Airport Taxiway Combs $2,273,335

C.H. Leavell Co., El Paso $2,081,005 New 50 Bed Hospital Building David-Monthan AFB, Tucson

5/1/2019 Page Municipal Airport Mel Clark $3,945,392

5/21/2019 Signal Butte Road Water Scholz Contracting $1,273,394

William S. Porter Co., Phoenix $232,479 Expansion and Remodel Mesa Post Office

5/2/2019 Storm Water Pump Station Garney $2,136,315

5/22/2019 Happy Valley Parkway Ames $19,409,787

D.O. Norton & Son, Phoenix $1,391,700 New 50 Bed Hospital Building Papago Indian Reservation, Sells

5/2/2019 Arrowhead Meadows Park Visus $396,000

5/23/2019 Rio Salado Shared Use AZ Western Contracting $1,587,732

M.L. Abplanalp Co., Tucson $211,423 7-Room Addition Rose Elementary School

5/3/2019 Payson Show Low Hwy Sunland $3,884,665

5/23/2019 Signal Butte Road Phase 2 Eastmark Blucor $3,518,546

Mardian Construction Co., Phoenix $73,992 New Maintenance Building 2140 W. Hilton, Phoenix

5/8/2019 Pavement Preservation Kyrene Combs $4,994,641

5/30/2019 Florence 12 inch Water Ellison Mills $456,696

Universal Construction Co., Phoenix $193,888 Armament Construction Additions Luke AFB

5/9/2019 Taxiway K RIM Pulice $7,838,861

5/30/2019 FY 19 Road Recovery Granite $4,218,431

Hal Grammar Co., Phoenix $101,000 David Crockett School Additions 51st St. & Oak

5/12/2019 (CMAR) 1st Avenue Street Improvements Haydon Building $3,300,000

5/31/2019 (CMAR) Science Technology Bldg McCarthy $130,000,000

Ray Peterson Const., Phoenix $59,000 New Warehouse & Office Building 3225 W. Osborn Rd.

5/15/2019 Chino Valley Street Improvements Asphalt Paving & Supply $479,499

6/4/2019 Tumbleweed Park Nickle $4,056,288

Robert Adams Const., Glendale $10,832 New GCA Unit at Auxiliary Field Luke AFB

5/16/2019 Zone 24 27 HDD Water Hylan West $984,776

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Jul-Aug 2019


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P. 65

TSR 602-253-3311 tsraz.com

Christy Signs 602-242-4488 christysigns.com

P. 49

Keystone Concrete 480-835-1579 keystoneconcretellc.com

P.49

Preach Building 602-944-4594 preachbuildingsupply.com

P. 30

Vermeer Sales Southwest 480-785-4800 vermeersouthwest.com

Cliffco 1 833-Cliffco cliffcorepair.com

P. 3

Matt Brown Trucking 602-361-2174 mattbrowntrucking.com

P. 63

RDO Rents 877-90-RDOIC rdoic.com

P. 9

Westrax Machinery 800-411-4717 westraxmachinery.net

P. 62

Courtesy Chevrolet 866-809-7065 courtesyfleet.com

P. 12

MDI Rock 602-569-8722 mdirock.com

P. 20

IBC

P. 16

Metro Engineering & Survey P. 22 623-466-6640 metroaz.net

DDI Equipment 602-243-5243 ddiequip.com

P. 5

Metro Traffic Control 623-879-0610 metrotrafficcontrol.net

P. 28

RT Underground 602-622-6789

P. 7

Williams Scotsman 800-782-1500 willscot.com Woudenberg Properties 480-620-8555 woudenbergprops.com WSM 623-936-3300 wsmacutioneers.com

P. 30

DCS 480-732-9238 dcscontracting.com

Red Mountain 480-477-9400 redmountainrentals.com Reuter Fabrication 602-415-0449 reuterequipment.com

Mundall Trucking 602-276-0699 mundalltrucking.com

P. 46

SealMaster 800-395-7325 sealmaster.net

P. 45

Diamondback Materials P. 4 + 38 623-925-8966 diamonondbackmaterials.com

seventy eight

P. 7

P. 33 - 48

P. 11 + 35

P. 7

P. 20 + 24 + 35

P. 7

P.55

P. 3

P. 14

Jul-Aug 2019


Pete Costa Phoenix and Southern Arizona Cell: 480-433-8833 Jeremy Cowing Cell: 602-377-8293  

Patrick Hazelton Phoenix and Northern Arizona Cell: 480-639-7495 Owen Cowing, CEO Cell: 760-807-8568

197 East Warner Rd, Chandler, AZ 85225 | Phone: (480) 477-9400 | Fax: (480) 899-9340

www.redmountainrentals.com


PRSRT STD US Postage PAID Permit #1662 Phoenix, AZ

Profile for Arizona Contractor and Community

July/August 2019  

Features From the Editor: London’s Official Bird is the “Crane” – Douglas Towne Contributor Profiles: James Logan Abell and Julia Park Trace...

July/August 2019  

Features From the Editor: London’s Official Bird is the “Crane” – Douglas Towne Contributor Profiles: James Logan Abell and Julia Park Trace...

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