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CANADA’S ARCTIC JOURNAL

JULY/AUGUST 2014 • $ 5.95

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RANKIN INLET cq6Oi6 (Kangiqliniq)

Rankin Inlet, or Kangiqliniq (“deep bay/inlet� in Inuktitut), is one of the largest communities in Nunavut. It is the business and transportation hub of the Kivalliq region and the gateway to Nunavut from Central and Western Canada. Due to the large volume of traffic through the area, as well as a history of regional government, mining and exploration, Rankin Inlet has developed a strong taskforce of entrepreneurs. Freight expediters, equipment suppliers and outfitters provide tourists and businesses in the area with a wide variety of services.

The Iqalugaarjuup Nunanga Territorial Historic Park is a favourite spot for hiking, fishing and bird watching. Archaeological sites, such as the European whaler shipwreck near Marble Island and the Thule site in the Ijiraliq River area offer an historical perspective. Come take a Walking Tour and you will see where an ancient past borders on a vibrant present. The community includes various recreational facilities such as a hockey arena, curling arena, baseball diamond, recreational volleyball, basketball, soccer, badminton and hockey, an outdoor beach volleyball court and soccer field, an 18-hole golf course, and playgrounds. A variety of events are planned throughout the year such as arts and crafts shows, square dances, bingo, Pakalluk Time (town festival), Avataq Hockey Tournament, Christmas activities and many more.

With the welcoming attitude of the people, mining development, hotel construction, and opening of the Wellness Facility in 2013, Rankin Inlet is a great place to live, visit, work or start a business. Rankin Inlet is a growing community with great potential.

867-645-2895

info@rankininlet.ca

www.rankininlet.ca


Brock Friesen / XÇ4 K‰n8

Putting Our Communities First As an Inuit owned organization with over 65 years of northern heritage, First Air is proud to lead the way in community support in the North. Our support is focused on sponsorship initiatives that are aligned with our core values, including cultural and youth development programs, literacy and educational programs, economic development opportunities, sporting events and cultural or community events. From major athletic events like the Arctic Winter Games to grassroots community projects, First Air contributes significant support annually to Canada’s northern economy. Through grass-roots community reinvestment, meaningful employment opportunities and by providing beneficiaries with tangible benefits, First Air continues to demonstrate social responsibility and leadership in northern transportation services. At First Air, we know how important sport is for our youth and providing opportunities to help create healthy communities. Recently, First Air and Qikiqtani First Aviation assisted in moving hockey gear to Arctic Bay in support of Project North. This volunteer organization has now provided more than $500,000 in hockey equipment to kids across the North. We are proud partners of organizations like this one. This summer, First Air is once again a major sponsor of the annual Habitat for Humanity Iqaluit — Invitational Golf Classic taking place in the National Capital Region. The event raises funds used to build affordable homes for families in Iqaluit. We strive to support the people and events of those communities we are a part of and who support us. I look forward to seeing you on board First Air, The Airline of the North.

Brock Friesen First Air President & CEO

Jobie Tukkiapik / JW bexW4

ᓄᓇᓕᑦᑎᓐᓂᒃ ᓯᕗᓪᓕᐅᑎᑦᑎᓂᕗᑦ

ᐃᓄᖕᓄᑦ ᓇᖕᒥᓂᕆᔭᐅᑎᓪᓗᑕ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐊᖓᑖᓂᒃ 65 ᐅᑭᐅᓂᒃ ᐅᑭᐅᖅᑕᖅᑐᕐᒥᑦ ᐊᐅᓚᓯᒪᓕᖅᑎᓪᓗᑕ, ᕗᔅᑎᐊᒃᑯᑦ ᐅᐱᒍᓱᑦᑎᐊᖅᑐᑦ ᐅᑭᐅᖅᑕᖅᑐᕐᒥᑦ ᓄᓇᓕᖕᓂᑦ ᐃᑲᔪᖅᑐᐃᑦᑎᐊᖃᑦᑕᕐᓂᑦᑎᓐᓂᒃ.

ᐃᑲᔪᖅᑐᐃᕙᒃᑐᒍᑦ ᑕᐃᒃᑯᓇᙵᑦ ᒪᓕᒃᑐᓂᒃ ᐅᒃᐱᕆᔭᑦᑎᓐᓂᒃ, ᐃᓚᒋᓪᓗᒋᑦ ᐃᓕᖅᑯᓯᕐᒨᓕᖓᔪᓂᒃ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᒪᒃᑯᒃᑐᕐᓂᒃ ᐱᕚᓪᓕᖅᑎᑦᑎᔾᔪᑕᐅᒐᓱᒃᑐᓂᒃ, ᐅᖃᐅᓯᓕᕆᓂᕐᓂᒃ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕐᓂᓕᕆᓂᕐᓂᒃ, ᑮᓇᐅᔾᔭᒃᓴᕐᓂᓕᕆᓂᕐᓂᒃ, ᕿᑎᖕᓂᓕᕆᓂᕐᓂᒃ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐊᓯᖏᓐᓂᒃ ᓄᓇᓕᖕᓂᒃ ᖃᓄᐃᓕᐅᕈᓘᔭᖅᑎᑦᑎᓂᐅᕙᒃᑐᕐᓂᒃ.

ᐊᖏᓂᖅᓴᓂᒃ ᖃᓄᐃᓕᐅᕈᓘᔭᖅᑎᑦᑎᓂᐅᔪᓂᒃ ᓲᕐᓗ ᐅᑭᐅᖅᑕᖅᑐᕐᒥᑦ ᕿᑎᕕᒡᔪᐊᖅᑎᑦᑎᓃᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᓄᓇᓕᐅᑉ ᐃᓗᐊᓂᑦ ᐱᒋᐊᕈᑕᐅᕙᒃᑐᓂᒃ, ᕘᔅᑎᐊᒃᑯᑦ ᐃᑲᔪᖅᑐᐃᒻᒪᕆᒃᓯᒪᔪᑦ ᐊᕐᕌᒍᑕᒫᑦ ᑲᓇᑕᐅᑉ ᐅᑭᐅᖅᑕᖅᑐᖓᓂᒃ ᑮᓇᐅᔾᔭᒃᓴᕐᓂᕐᒥᒃ ᐱᕚᓪᓕᖅᑎᑦᑎᒐᓱᖕᓂᕐᒥᒃ. ᓄᓇᓕᖕᓂᑦ ᐱᒋᐊᖅᑎᑦᑎᕙᒃᑐᓂᒃ ᐃᑲᔪᖅᑐᐃᖏᓐᓇᕐᓂᒃᑯᑦ, ᐃᖅᑲᓇᐃᔭᖃᑦᑎᐊᖅᑎᑦᑎᓂᒃᑯᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᓄᓇᑖᖅᓯᒪᓂᕐᒧᑦ ᐃᓚᓕᐅᕈᑎᓕᖕᓂᒃ ᐱᕚᓪᓕᕈᑎᒃᓴᖏᓐᓂᒃ ᐊᑐᐃᓐᓇᐅᑎᑦᑎᓂᒃᑯᑦ, ᕘᔅᑎᐊᒃᑯᑦ ᐅᑭᐅᖅᑕᖅᑐᕐᒥᐅᓂᒃ ᑲᒪᒋᔭᖃᑦᑎᐊᖅᓯᒪᔪᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐅᑭᐅᖅᑕᖅᑐᕐᒥᑦ ᐃᖏᕐᕋᔪᓕᕆᔨᑦᑎᐊᖑᓂᖅᐹᖑᖃᑕᐅᓪᓗᑎᒃ.

ᕘᔅᑎᐊᒃᑯᓐᓂᑦ ᖃᐅᔨᒪᔪᒍᑦ ᖃᓄᑎᒋ ᐱᒻᒪᕆᐅᑎᒋᖕᒪᖔᑦ ᕿᑎᖕᓂᖅ ᒪᒃᑯᒃᑐᑦᑎᓐᓄᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐱᕕᒃᓴᖃᖅᑎᑦᑎᓂᖅ ᓈᒻᒪᑦᑎᐊᖅᑎᑦᑎᒐᓱᖕᓂᖅ ᓄᓇᓕᑦᑎᓐᓂᒃ. ᕘᔅᑎᐊᒃᑯᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᕿᑭᖅᑕᓂᑦ ᓯᕗᓪᓕᒃᑯᑦ ᐃᑲᔪᑦᑎᐊᓚᐅᖅᑐᑦ ᒪᐃᖑᓚᐅᖅᑐᒥᑦ ᕼᐋᑭᕈᑎᓂᒃ ᐃᓯᑲᖅᑕᕐᓂᕐᒥᒃ ᐃᒃᐱᐊᕐᔪᖕᒧᑦ ᐃᑲᔪᖅᑐᖅᖢᒋᑦ Project North. ᑖᒃᑯᐊ ᐊᑭᓕᖅᑐᖅᑕᐅᙱᖦᖢᑎᒃ ᐃᑲᔪᖅᑐᕋᓱᒃᑎᑦ ᑐᓂᓯᓯᒪᓕᖅᑐᑦ $500,000 ᐅᖓᑖᓂᑦ ᕼᐋᑭᕈᑎᓂᒃ ᓄᑕᕋᕐᓄᑦ ᐅᑭᐅᖅᑕᖅᑐᕐᒥᑦ. ᐅᐱᒍᓱᒻᒪᕆᒃᑐᒍᑦ ᐱᓕᕆᖃᑎᖃᕆᐊᒥᒃ ᑕᐃᒪᐃᑦᑐᓂᒃ ᑎᒥᐅᔪᓂᒃ.

ᑕᒪᑐᒪᓂᑦ ᐊᐅᔭᐅᔪᒥᑦ ᕘᔅᑎᐊᒃᑯᑦ ᐃᑲᔪᖅᑎᒻᒪᕆᐅᓂᐊᓕᕐᒥᔪᑦ ᐊᕐᕌᒍᑕᒫᑦ ᑮᓇᐅᔭᓂᒃ ᓄᐊᓴᐃᑎᒐᓱᒃᑎᓪᓗᒋᑦ Habitat for Humanity Iqaluit — Invitational Golf Classic ᑲᔪᓯᓂᐊᖅᑎᓪᓗᒍ ᐋᑐᕚ ᖃᓂᒋᔭᖓᓂᑦ. ᑖᒃᑯᐊ ᑮᓇᐅᔭᓂᒃ ᓄᐊᓴᐃᑎᑦᑎᒐᓱᒃᐸᒃᑐᑦ ᐃᒡᓗᐊᕐᓗᐊᓕᐅᕈᑕᐅᓂᐊᖅᑐᓂᒃ ᐃᖃᓗᖕᓂᑦ ᐃᓚᒌᓄᑦ ᐃᑲᔪᕈᑕᐅᓪᓗᑎᒃ.

ᐃᑲᔪᖅᑐᐃᖏᓐᓇᕋᓱᒃᐸᒃᑐᒍᑦ ᑭᒃᑯᑐᐃᓐᓇᕐᓂᒃ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᖃᓄᐃᓕᐅᕈᔫᔭᖅᑎᑦᑎᓂᐅᔪᓂᒃ ᓄᓇᓕᖕᓂᑦ ᐃᓚᒋᔭᐅᕝᕕᒋᔭᑦᑎᓐᓂᒃ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐅᕙᑦᑎᓐᓂᒃ ᐃᑲᔪᖅᑐᐃᕙᒃᑐᓂᒡᓗ. ᓂᕆᐅᑦᑎᐊᕐᒥᔪᖓ ᑕᑯᓛᕐᒥᒐᒃᑭᑦ ᐃᖏᕐᕋᓕᕐᒥᒍᓐᓄᒃ ᕘᔅᑎᐊᒃᑯᑦ, ᐅᑭᐅᖅᑕᖅᑐᕐᒥᑦ ᖃᖓᑕᓲᓕᕆᔨᒻᒪᕇᑦ.

ᐸᕌᒃ ᕗᕇᓴᓐ ᕘᔅᑎᐊᒃᑯᓐᓄᑦ ᐊᖓᔪᖅᑳᖅ & ᐊᐅᓚᑦᑎᔨᒻᒪᕆᒃ

President, Makivik Corporation & Chairman, First Air xzJ6√6, mr=F4 fxS‰nzk5 x7m w4y?sb6, {5 wsf8k5 Président, Société Makivik et président du conseil, First Air

Accorder la priorité à nos collectivités À titre d’organisation appartenant à des Inuits, First Air est fier d’être un chef de file dans son appui aux collectivités du Nord depuis plus de 65 ans. Cet appui porte sur des initiatives de parrainage qui vont de pair avec nos valeurs fondamentales, y compris des programmes de développement culturel et pour les jeunes, des programmes d’alphabétisation et d’éducation, des possibilités de développement économique, ainsi que des activités sportives, culturelles ou communautaires. Qu’il s’agisse d’épreuves athlétiques comme les Jeux d’hiver de l’Arctique ou de projets communautaires locaux, First Air appuie de façon importante l’économie canadienne du Nord chaque année. En effectuant des réinvestissements communautaires, ainsi qu’en offrant des possibilités d’emploi significatives et des avantages tangibles aux prestataires, First Air continue de faire preuve de responsabilité sociale et de leadership en matière de services de transport dans le Nord. Chez First Air, nous savons à quel point le sport est important pour nos jeunes et c’est pourquoi nous offrons des possibilités pour aider à créer de saines collectivités. Dernièrement, nous avons aidé, en collaboration avec Qikiqtani First Aviation, à transporter de l’équipement de hockey à Arctic Bay dans le cadre du Projet Nord. Cette organisation bénévole vient de fournir plus de 500 000 $ en équipement de hockey aux jeunes dans l’ensemble du Nord. Nous sommes de fiers partenaires d’organisations comme celle-ci. Cet été, First Air est de nouveau le parrain principal du Classique de golf sur invitation d’Habitat pour l’Humanité Iqaluit, qui se déroule dans la région de la capitale nationale. Cette activité vise à réunir des fonds en vue de la construction de logements abordables pour les familles d’Iqaluit. Notre objectif est d’encourager les personnes et les activités des collectivités dont nous faisons partie et qui nous appuient. J’espère avoir l’occasion de faire votre connaissance à bord de First Air, la Ligne aérienne du Nord.

Brock Friesen Président-directeur général de First Air

ᐱᒻᒪᕆᐅᑎᑦᑕᕗᑦ ᐃᑲᔪᖅᑐᐃᓃᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᖁᔭᓐᓇᒦᒃ ᕘᔅᑎᐊ ᐅᑭᐅᖅᑕᖅᑐᕐᒥᒃ ᖃᖓᑕᓲᓕᕆᔨᒻᒪᕆᐅᑎᒃᑲᕕᐅᒃ.

We value your support and thank you for making First Air The Airline of the North. Nous apprécions votre soutien et vous remercions de votre appui à First Air la ligne aérienne du Nord.


TABLE OF CONTENTS

20 Dancing Bear Gumboots Dance originated in South Africa, where miners staged defiant dances wearing their Wellington boots.“This dance resonates because it’s about struggle and being strong,” Lamothe explains in her husky, authoritative voice during a break at Saimavik. “It’s about standing up for what you believe in. To stomp our feet and have people listen.” — Kathleen Lippa

Publisher & Editor Tom Koelbel Advertising Doris Ohlmann (Ottawa) 613-257-4999 Circulation Patt Hunter

27 Ragged Range

Design

Re-Visited

Robert Hoselton, Beat Studios

On July 22, 1963, an American mountain climber named Arnold Wexler, along with two other climbers, Don Hubbard and Mike Banks, boarded a Cessna 180 and skimmed the surface of the “inner lake” perched above Hole-in-the-Wall Lake, on the steep ramparts of the southern Ragged Range in the NWT. Half a century later, the floats of my little two-passenger Aviat Husky splashed down on the inner lake, now named Lonely Lake or Lost Lake. — Dave Olesen Photos by Liv and Dave Olesen

email: editor@arcticjournal.ca Toll Free: 1 • 877 • 2ARCTIC Volume 26, No. 4

July/August 2014

CANADA’S ARCTIC JOURNAL

JULY/AUGUST 2014 • $ 5.95

Featured on

Dancing Bear Yoga and Dance in Iqaluit Ragged Range Re-Visited The High Peaks of Nahanni

Boots on the Bedrock Mapping the Geology of Hall Peninsula

PM40050872

Nunavut Awards

o

34 Boots on the Bedrock “We are going to travel through time,” shouts geologist Nicole Rayner over the rotor wash of the helicopter, “We’re going to travel a billion years between now and the next stop!” I follow a team of five geologists as we duck under the spinning blades and pile into the helicopter. We put on our headsets, check to see that we have all of our bags of rock samples and our topographic maps, and lift off into the air. — Text and photos by Katriina O’Kane

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“I CAME UP HERE TO MAKE A DIFFERENCE.” CHRISTINE 'LIL*BEAR' LAMOTHE IN DANCER'S POSE ON THE LAND. © SAIMAVIK STUDIO

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arcticjournal.ca Celebrating our 26th year as the popular In-flight magazine for First Air, The Airline of the North.

July/August 2014

9 NORTHERN YOUTH The Perseverance Award by Nick Newbery 15 LIVING ABOVE & BEYOND 18 RESOURCES 39 CAREERS What’s it like to work on an Arctic Expedition Ship? By Ree Brennin Houston

45 ADVENTURE Vagabonds A Family Experience Like No Other by David Reid 51 NORTHERN BOOKSHELF 53 ARCTIC ADAPTATIONS 54 INUIT FORUM by Terry Audla

PUBLICATIONS MAIL AGREEMENT NO. 40050872 RETURN UNDELIVERABLE CANADIAN ADDRESSES TO: CIRCULATION/ABOVE&BEYOND P.O. BOX 683 MAHONE BAY, NS B0J 2E0 Email: info@arcticjournal.ca

above & beyond

7


NORTHERN YOUTH

The Perseverance Award ᑲᔪᓯᒋᐊᑦᑎᐊᕈᓐᓇᕐᓂᕐᒧᑦ ᐃᓕᑕᕆᔭᐅᔾᔪᑎᑖᕐᓂᖅ Recognizing youth’s determination to learn

ᒪᒃᑯᒃᑐᐃᑦ ᐃᓕᑦᑎᓯᒪᓕᕈᒪᓂᖏᓂᒃ ᐃᓕᑕᖅᓯᓯᒪᓕᕐᓂᖅ

Kajusigiattiarunnarnirmut Ilitarijaujjutitaarniq Makkuktuit Ilittisimalirumaninginik Ilitaqsisimalirniq hen people speak of their school days they often do so fondly, with the affection seeming to increase in direct proportion to the length of time passed since they were actually in school! Nowadays, however, the reality of the student experience is usually less than idyllic for many Inuit teenagers who often face struggles on several fronts: finding their way between two cultures, personal relationships, literacy and numeracy or simply feeling disconnected from the southernized education system in the North. For Inuit students, junior and senior high classes are almost entirely offered in English (a foreign language), are usually taught by nonInuit (who do not always stay long in the smaller communities) and at the high school level follow an Alberta curriculum which, despite some northern adjustments, often seems to bear little relevance to the world that aboriginal youth are growing up in. For Inuktitut-speaking teenagers coming from a different cultural perspective, who have had relatively little contact with southern Canada and whose parents often did not go to high school, the adjustment to this learning scenario can be difficult. Nonetheless, northern youth are becoming increasingly aware that completing grade 12 is their best ticket to a job and to the chance of an interesting life. There are a growing number of young people who, having left school for a variety of reasons, are now returning to try and complete their education. Grades 10 and 11, the first two years in high school, are often the makeor-break period, particularly for the ‘average’ student who may have struggled in elementary school, so there is a need to provide encouragement to help this type of young person to complete their formal education. In an effort to improve student retention, the first Perseverance Award was instituted at Inuksuk High School in Iqaluit about a decade ago. It was designed to recognize a grade 10 or 11 student who, despite difficulties or perhaps July/August 2014

© NICK NEWBERY

W

IQALUIT: Molly Ell holds her award with members of her own family and that of Annie Nauyaq (who the Iqaluit award is named after).

ᓄᐃᑦ ᐅᓂᒃᑲᐅᓯᖃᓕᑐᐊᕈᑎᒃ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᖅᑑᑎᓪᓗᒋᑦ ᓱᓕ ᐊᑐᓚᐅᖅᓯᒪᔭᒥᓐᓂᒃ ᖁᕕᐊᒋᑦᑎᐊᖅᓱᒋᑦ ᐅᖃᓪᓚᐅᓯᖃᕋᔪᒃᐳᑦ, ᐃᑉᓕᕆᑦᑎᐊᖅᒋᑦ ᐃᖅᑲᐅᒪᓂᕐᒥᓐᓂ ᓲᕐᓗᓘᓐᓃᑦ ᐊᖏᒡᓕᒋᐊᖅᑎᓯᒪᓕᖅᐸᒃᑐᒋᑦ ᐃᓚᖏᑦ ᖃᓄᖅ ᐊᑯᓂᐅᑎᒋᓯᒪᓕᕐᓂᐊᑕ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕆᐊᓚᐅᖅᓯᒪᓂᕐᒥᓐᓂ ᐅᑉᓗᖏᑦ! ᐅᓪᓗᒥᐅᓕᖅᑐᒥᓕ, ᑭᓯᐊᓂᑦᑕᐅᖅ, ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᖅᑑᑉ ᐊᑐᖅᓯᒪᕙᓕᖅᑕᖏᑦ ᒥᑭᓂᖅᓴᐅᕙᓕᕐᒪᑕ ᐊᒥᓱᓂᑦ ᒪᒃᑯᒃᑐᓂᑦ ᐃᓄᓐᓂ ᐊᒃᓱᕈᕈᑎᖃᒻᒪᕆᖃᑦᑕᕐᓯᒪᔪᓂᑦ ᐊᒥᓱᐃᓕᖓᔪᑎᒍᑦ ᐊᔾᔨᒌᖖᒋᑦᑐᓂ: ᐃᓂᑖᖅᓯᒪᑦᑎᐊᓕᕋᓱᒃᑎᓪᓗᒋᑦ ᒪᕐᕈᐃᓕᖓᓪᓗᑎᒃ ᐱᐅᓯᑐᖃᕆᔭᐅᔪᓂ, ᓇᖕᒥᓂᖅ ᐃᓅᖃᑎᖃᕐᓂᕐᒥᓐᓂ, ᐅᖃᓕᒫᕈᓐᓇᕐᓂᒥᓐᓂ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᓈᓴᐃᓂᖃᑦᑎᐊᕈᓐᓇᕐᓂᕐᒥᓐᓂ ᐅᕝᕙᓘᓐᓃᑦ ᐊᑕᕝᕕᖃᑦᑎᐊᖅᑑᔭᖅᐸᖖᒋᓐᓂᕐᒥᓐᓄᑦ ᖃᓪᓗᓈᑦ ᓄᓇᖓᓐᓂᕐᒥᐅᑎᑐᑦ ᐋᖅᑭᒃᓱᖅᑕᐅᓯᒪᓪᓗᑎᒃ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕐᓂᓕᕆᔾᔪᑎᐅᕙᑦᑐᓄᑦ ᐅᑭᐅᖅᑕᖅᑐᒥ. ᒪᒃᑯᒃᑐᖏᓄᑦ ᐃᓄᐃᑦ, ᒥᑭᔪᓄᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᖁᑦᑎᖕᓂᖅᓴᓄᑦ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕈᑎᔅᓴᕆᔭᐅᔪᑦ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᖅᑎᑦᑎᔾᔪᑕᐅᕙᒻᒪᑕ ᑕᒪᕐᒥᑲᓴᒃ ᖃᓪᓗᓈᑎᑑᖅᑑᓪᓗᒋᑦ (ᐅᖃᐅᓯᑐᖃᕆᖖᒋᑕᖏᑎᒍᑦ), ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᖅᑎᑦᑎᓯᖃᖅᐸᒃᑐᑎᒃ ᐃᓅᖖᒋᑦᑐᓂᑦ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᖅᑎᑦᑎᔨᓂᑦ (ᐊᑯᓂᓗ ᐃᓄᒋᐊᖖᒋᑦᑑᓪᓗᑎᒃ ᓄᓇᓕᖏᓐᓃᑉᐸᒐᑎᒃ) ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᖅᑎᑦᑎᔾᔪᑎᔅᓴᖏᑦ ᒪᓕᒃᑎᑕᐅᕙᒃᑐᑎᒃ ᐃᐊᓪᐴᕐᑕᐅᑉ ᐳᕌᕕᓐᓯᖓᑕ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᖅᑎᑦᑎᔾᔪᑎᔅᓴᖏᓂᒃ, ᐃᓚᖓᒍᓪᓗ ᐅᑭᐅᖅᑕᖅᑐᒥᐅᓄᑦ ᐊᑐᕐᓂᖃᓕᖅᑎᑦᑎᒋᐊᖅᓯᒪᒐᓗᐊᖅᑐᒋᑦ, ᐊᑐᕐᓂᖃᓗᐊᖅᑰᔨᕙᒐᑎᒃ ᓄᓇᖃᖅᑳᕐᓯᒪᔪᐃᑦ ᐱᕈᖅᓴᕐᕕᒋᔭᖏᓐᓂ. ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ ᐅᖃᐅᓯᖃᖅᑐᓄᑦ ᒪᒃᑯᒃᑐᓄᑦ ᐊᔾᔨᒋᖖᒋᒻᒪᕆᒃᑕᖓᓂᒃ ᐱᐅᓯᑐᖃᒥ ᐃᓱᒪᔾᔪᓯᖃᖅᑐᓂᖖᒑᖅ-

I

nuit unikkausiqalituarutik ilinniaqtuutillugit suli atulauqsimajaminnik quviagittiaqsugit uqallausiqarajukput, iplirittiaqgit iqqaumanirminni suurluluunniit angigligiaqtisimaliqpaktugit ilangit qanuq akuniutigisimalirniata ilinniarialauqsimanirminni uplungit! Ullumiuliqtumili, kisianittauq, ilinniaqtuup atuqsimavaliqtangit mikiniqsauvalirmata amisunit makkuktunit Inunni aksururutiqammariqattarsimajunit amisuilingajutigut ajjigiinngittuni: initaaqsimattialirasuktillugit marruilingallutik piusituqarijaujuni, nangminiq Inuuqatiqarnirminni, uqalimaarunnarniminni ammalu naasainiqattiarunnarnirminni uvvaluunniit atavviqattiaqtuujaqpannginnirminnut qallunaat nunangannirmiutitut aaqqiksuqtausimallutik ilinniarnilirijjutiuvattunut Ukiuqtaqtumi. Makkuktunginut Inuit, mikijunut ammalu quttingniqsanut ilinniarutissarijaujut ilinniaqtittijjutauvammata tamarmikasak Qallunaatituuqtuullugit (uqausituqarinngitangitigut), ilinniaqtittisiqaqpaktutik Inuunngittunit ilinniaqtittijinit (akunilu Inugianngittuullutik nunalinginniippagatik) ammalu ilinniaqtittijjutissangit maliktitauvaktutik Alberta provinceabove & beyond

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© NICK NEWBERY

© MIKE SOARES

© NICK NEWBERY

NORTHERN YOUTH

QIKIQTARJUAQ: Seemee Pitseolak receives his award from Markosie Audlakiak (who the Qikiqtarjuaq award is named after).

CAPE DORSET: Cindy Kenneally receives her award from Annie Manning (who the Cape Dorset award is named after).

having dropped out for a while, has provided a good example of the determination required to continue their formal studies while recognizing the importance of their own culture through learning the principles of Inuit Qaujimajatuqangit. The award has four criteria:

ᑐᓄᑦ, ᒥᑭᔪᑯᓗᒻᒥᒃᓗ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᖃᓪᓗᓈᑦ ᓄᓇᖏᓐᓂᕐᒥᐅᓂᒃ ᑲᑎᖃᑎᖃᓗᐊᖅᐸᖖᒋᑦᑐᓄᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐊᖓᔪᖅᑳᕆᔭᖏᑦ ᐊᒥᓱᑦ ᖁᑦᑎᖕᓂᖅᓴᓄᑦ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕈᑎᓄᑦ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕌᓂᒃᓯᒪᔫᕙᒐᑎᒃ, ᐋᖅᑭᐅᑎᒋᐊᕆᐊᖃᕐᓂᖏᑦ ᑕᐃᒪᓐᓇᐃᑦᑐᓄᑦ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕈᑎᐅᔪᓄᑦ ᐊᔪᕐᓇᖅᑑᔪᓐᓇᖅᐸᒃᑐᑎᒃ. ᑕᐃᒪᓐᓇᐃᒃᑲᓗᐊᖅᑎᓪᓗᒍ ᑕᒪᓐᓇ, ᐅᑭᐅᖅᑕᖅᑐᒥᐅᑦ ᒪᒃᑯᒃᑐᖏᑦ ᐅᔾᔨᕈᓱᓕᖅᐸᓪᓕᐊᕗᑦ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕌᓂᒃᓯᒪᐅᑎᖃᕐᓗᑎᒃ ᒍᕇᑦ 12-ᒥᒃ ᑭᓯᐊᓂ ᐃᖅᑲᓇᐃᔮᖅᑖᕈᓐᓇᕐᓂᖅᓴᐅᓇᔭᕋᒥᒃ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐃᓅᓯᕆᔭᖓᑦ ᑐᓴᕈᒥᓇᖅᑑᓂᖅᓴᐅᓕᕐᓗᓂ. ᐊᒥᓱᖖᒍᖅᐸᓪᓕᐊᒻᒪᑕ ᒪᒃᑯᒃᑐᐃᑦ, ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕌᓂᓚᐅᖖᒋᑦᑐᑦ ᐱᔾᔪᑎᖃᖅᑐᑎᒃ ᐊᔾᔨᒌᖖᒋᐅᖅᑐᓂᒃ, ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᓕᒃᑲᓐᓂᕋᓱᐊᓕᖅᑐᑦ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕌᓂᒃᓯᒪᐅᑎᑖᕈᒪᓪᓗᑎᒃ. ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕈᑎᖃᖅᑐᑦ ᒍᕇᑦ 10-ᒥᒃ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᒍᕇᑦ 11-ᒥᒃ, ᓯᕗᓪᓕᖅᐹᕆᔭᐅᒻᒪᑎᒃ ᐅᑭᐅᒃ ᒪᕐᕉᒃ ᖁᑦᑎᖕᓂᖅᓴᓄᑦ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕐᕕᓐᓂ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᖅᑐᓄᑦ, ᐊᓂᒍᐃᔭᐅᒋᐊᕐᕕᐅᒐᔪᒻᒪᑎᒃ ᐅᕝᕙᓘᓐᓃᑦ ᓄᖅᑲᑐᐃᓐᓇᕐᕕᐅᕙᒃᑐᑎᒃ, ᐱᓗᐊᖅᑐᒥᒃ ᑕᐃᒃᑯᓄᖓ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕈᑎᖏᑦ 'ᐊᔾᔨᐸᓗᒋᔭᐅᕙᑦᑐᑎᒃ' ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕈᑎᖃᖅᑐᓄᑦ ᐃᒻᒪᖄᓗ ᒥᑭᓂᖅᓴᓄᑦ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕐᕕᓐᓂ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᖅᑐᑎᒃ ᐊᒃᓱᕈᕈᑎᖃᖃᑦᑕᓚᐅᖅᑐᓄᑦ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕈᑎᒋᔭᒥᓐᓂᒃ, ᑕᐃᒪᓕ ᑕᒫᓃᓕᖅᑎᓪᓗᒋᑦ ᐃᑲᔪᖅᑐᒐᐅᓂᖃᕆᐊᖃᖅᐸᑦᑐᑦ ᑖᒃᑯᐊ ᒪᒃᑯᒃᑐᐃᑦ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕈᑎᒋᔭᒥᓐᓂᒃ ᐱᔭᕇᑦᓯᐊᕋᓱᖁᔭᐅᓗᑎᒃ. ᐱᐅᓯᒋᐊᖅᑎᓐᓇᓱᒃᑐᒋᑦ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᖅᑐᐃᑦ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕈᑎᒥᓐᓂᒃ ᑲᔪᓯᑎᑦᑎᒋᐊᖅᐸᒃᑐᑦ ᐊᒥᓲᓂᖅᓴᐅᓕᖁᓪᓗᒋᑦ, ᓯᕗᓪᓕᖅᐹᕐᓯᐅᑎᒥᒃ ᑲᔪᓯᒋᐊᑦᑎᐊᕈᓐᓇᕐᓂᕐᒧᑦ ᐃᓕᑕᕆᔭᐅᔾᔪᑎᓂᒃ ᐊᑐᓕᖅᑎᑦᑎᓯᒪᓕᓚᐅᕐᓂᖓᑦ ᖁᓕᐅᓕᖅᑐᑦ ᐅᑭᐅᑦ ᐊᑐᐊᓂᒃᓯᒪᓕᖅᐳᑦ ᐃᓄᒃᓱᒃ ᖁᑦᑎᖕᓂᖅᓴᓄᑦ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕈᑎᖃᖅᑐᓄᑦ ᐃᖃᓗᓐᓂ. ᐃᓕᑕᕆᔭᐅᔾᔪᑏᑦ ᐋᖅᑭᒃᓱᖅᑕᐅᓯᒪᓂᖃᖅᑐᑎᒃ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕈᑎᖃᖅᑐᑦ ᒍᕇᑦ 10-ᒥᒃ ᐅᕝᕙᓘᓐᓃᑦ 11-ᒥᒃ, ᐊᔪᓕᖅᐸᒃᑲᓗᐊᖅᑐᑎᒃ ᐅᕝᕙᓘᓐᓃᑦ ᓄᖅᑲᐅᑎᒋᓯᒪᓚᐅᑲᒃᑲᓗᐊᕐᓗᒋᑦ, ᓇᓗᓇᐃᖅᓯᓯᒪᓕᓚᐅᕐᓂᖏᑕ ᐃᔾᔪᐊᕈᒥᓇᖅᑐᒥᒃ ᑲᔪᓯᒋᐊᕋᓱᒋᐊᖃᕐᓂᕐᒥᓐᓂᒃ ᐱᓇᓱᐊᖃᑦᑕᓕᓚᐅᖅᑐᓄᑦ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕌᓂᒃᓯᒪᐅᑎᑖᕋᓱᐊᖅᑐᑎᒃ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐅᔾᔨᕈᓱᓕᖅᓯᒪᓚᐅᖅᑐᓂᒃ ᓇᖕᒥᓂᖅ ᐱᐅᓯᑐᖃᕆᔭᑎᒃ ᐱᒻᒪᕆᐅᔫᓂᖏᓄᑦ ᐃᓕᑉᐸᓪᓕᐊᓂᕐᒥᒃᑎᒍᑦ ᐃᓄᐃᑦ ᖃᐅᔨᒪᔭᑐᖃᖏᓄᑦ ᑐᖖᒐᕝᕕᖁᑎᒋᔭᐅᔪᑎᒍᑦ. ᐃᓕᑕᕆᔭᐅᔾᔪᑎᑖᕆᔭᐅᕙᒃᑐᑦ ᓯᑕᒪᐃᓕᖓᕝᕕᖃᕐᒪᑕ ᐱᓕᕆᐊᒃᓴᐅᔪᓂ:

© GINA PIZZO

1. To recognize a person who has tried, who has struggled in some way but has started to turn their life around and whose attitude and attendance has improved noticeably. 2. To take note of an individual’s improvement in areas such as personal change, attendance, co-operation and attitude towards study (rather than mere academic success). 3. To give encouragement to a person who has not received much public recognition before. 4. To provide support to a grade 10 or 11 student since the emphasis of the award is to encourage younger students to continue on to graduation.

TALOYOAK: Nick Newbery presents the Ittunga award to recipient Phoebe Neeveacheak in Taloyoak.

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arcticjournal.ca

1. ᐃᓕᑕᕆᕙᒡᓗᒋᑦ ᑕᐃᒃᑯᐊ ᐱᓇᓱᐊᑦᓯᐊᓚᐅᖅᑐᑦ, ᐊᒃᓱᕈᕐᓂᖃᓚᐅᖅᑐᑦ ᖃᓄᑐᐃᓐᓇᖅ ᑭᓯᐊᓂᓗ ᐃᓅᓯᕐᒥᓐᓂᒃ ᐊᓯᔾᔩᓯᒪᓕᕈᓐᓇᓚᐅᖅᑐᑎᒃ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐅᐸᒍᑎᑦᑎᐊᖅᐸᒍᓐᓇᓕᓚᐅᖅᑐᑎᒃ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐃᓕᖅᑯᓯᕆᔭᖏᑦ ᓇᓗᓇᐃᑦᑐᒥᒃ ᐱᐅᓯᒋᐊᖅᓯᒪᓕᓚᐅᕐᓂᖏᓂ.

PANGNIRTUNG: Pamela Akpalialuk receives her award from Meeka Mearns. (Meeka is the sister of Noah Metuq, who the Pangnirtung award is named after.)

ngata ilinniaqtittijjutissanginik, ilangagullu ukiuqtaqtumiunut aturniqaliqtittigiaqsimagaluaqtugit, aturniqaluaqquujivagatik nunaqaqqaarsimajuit piruqsarvigijanginni. Inuktitut uqausiqaqtunut makkuktunut ajjiginngimmariktanganik piusituqami isumajjusiqaqtuninngaaqtunut, mikijukulummiklu Canada-mi qallunaat nunanginnirmiunik katiqatiqaluaqpanngittunut ammalu angajuqqaarijangit amisut quttingniqsanut ilinniarutinut ilinniaraaniksimajuuvagatik, aaqqiutigiariaqarningit taimannaittunut ilinniarutiujunut ajurnaqtuujunnaqpaktutik. Taimannaikkaluaqtillugu tamanna, ukiuqtaqtumiut makkuktungit ujjirusuliqpalliavut ilinniaraaniksimautiqarlutik grade 12-mik kisiani iqqanaijaaqtaarunnarniqsaunajaramik ammalu inuusirijangat tusaruminaqtuuniqsaulirluni. Amisunnguqpalliammata makkuktuit, ilinniaraanilaunngittut pijjutiqaqtutik ajjigiinngiuqtunik, ilinnialikkannirasualiqtut ilinniaraaniksimautitaarumallutik. Ilinniarutiqaqtut Grade 10-mik ammalu Grade 11-mik, sivulliqpaarijaummatik ukiuk marruuk quttingniqsanut ilinniarvinni ilinniaqtunut, aniguijaugiarviugajummatik uvvaluunniit nuqqatuinnarviuvaktutik, piluaqtumik taikkununga ilinniarutingit ‘ajjipalugijauvattutik’ ilinniarutiqaqtunut immaqaalu mikiniqsanut ilinniarvinni ilinniaqtutik aksururutiqaqattalauqtunut ilinniarutigijaminnik, taimali tamaaniiliqtillugit ikajuqtugauniqariaqaqpattut taakkua makkuktuit ilinniarutigijaminnik pijariitsiarasuqujaulutik. Piusigiaqtinnasuktugit ilinniaqtuit ilinniarutiminnik kajusitittigiaqpaktut amisuuniqsauliqullugit, sivulliqpaarsiutimik Kajusigiattiarunnarnirmut Ilitarijaujjutinik atuliqtittisimalilaurningat quliuliqtut ukiut atuaniksimaliqput inuksuk quttingniqsanut ilinniarutiqaqtunut Iqalunni. Ilitarijaujjutiit aaqqiksuqtausimaniqaqtutik ilinniarutiqaqtut Grade 10-mik uvvaluunniit 11-mik, ajuliqpakkaluaqtutik uvvaluunniit nuqqautigisimalaukakkaluarlugit, July/August 2014


In 2014 the award was extended to high schools in four other Nunavut communities where each Perseverance Award was named after a respected local person or couple (see below) to provide a visible role model for the students. Cape Dorset Peter Pitseolak School Iqaluit Inuksuk High School Pangnirtung Attagoyuk School Qikiqtarjuaq Inuksuit School Taloyoak Netsilik School

Annie Manning Annie Nauyaq Noah Metuq Markoosie Audlakiak Tony and Mary Ittunga

Each year, each of these schools’ grade 10 and 11 teachers now select the local award recipient, who is then publicly recognized at a spring assembly, with the principal inviting the person who the award is named after (or their family) to make the presentation. In this way the school and community are linked to the same goals.

Working to Improve Student Retention Clearly the Government of Nunavut is aware of the issues that confront its schools but from a teacher perspective, four key changes would go a long way to improving the chances of retention of more young Nunavummiut:

2014-ᒥ ᐃᓕᑕᕆᔭᐅᔾᔪᑎᑖᕆᔭᐅᕙᑦᑐᑦ ᐃᓚᖃᓕᖅᑎᑕᐅᓚᐅᖅᐳᑦ ᖁᑦᑎᖕᓂᖅᓴᓄᑦ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕈᑎᓕᓐᓄᑦ ᓯᑕᒪᐅᔪᓂ ᓄᓇᕗᒻᒥ ᓄᓇᓕᒋᔭᐅᔪᓂ ᐊᑐᓂᓗ ᑲᔪᓯᒋᐊᑦᑎᐊᕈᓐᓇᕐᓂᕐᒧᑦ ᐃᓕᑕᕆᔭᐅᔾᔪᑎᑖᕆᔭᐅᔪᑦ ᐊᑦᓯᖅᑕᐅᓯᒪᕙᒃᑐᑎᒃ ᐅᐱᒋᔭᐅᑦᑎᐊᖅᑐᓂ ᓄᓇᓕᐅᔪᒥ ᐃᓄᒻᒧᑦ ᐅᕝᕙᓘᓐᓃᑦ ᐊᐃᑉᐸᕇᒃᑐᓄᑦ (ᑕᑯᓗᒋᑦ ᑖᒃᑯᐊ ᐊᑖᓂ) ᑕᑯᔅᓴᐅᔪᒃᑯᑦ ᐃᓅᓯᕆᔭᖏᑦ ᐃᔾᔪᐊᕈᒥᓇᖅᑐᖃᓕᖅᑎᑕᐅᖁᓪᓗᒋᑦ ᒪᒃᑯᒃᑐᐃᑦ. ᑭᖖᒐᐃᑦ ᐲᑕ ᐱᑦᓯᐅᓛᖅ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕐᕕᖓ ᐃᖃᓗᐃᑦ ᐃᓄᒃᓱᒃ ᖁᑦᑎᖕᓂᖅᓴᓄᑦ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕐᕕᖓ ᐸᖕᓂᖅᑑᖅ ᐊᑕᒍᔪᖅ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕐᕕᖓ ᕿᑭᖅᑕᕐᔪᐊᖅ ᐃᓄᒃᓱᐃᑦ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕐᕕᖓ ᑕᓗᕐᔪᐊᖅ ᓇᑦᓯᓕᒃ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕐᕕᖓ

ᐋᓂ ᒫᓂᖕ ᐋᓂ ᓇᐅᔭᖅ ᓄᐊ ᒥᑐᖅ

ᒫᑯᓯ ᐊᐅᓪᓚᕿᐊᖅ

ᑑᓂ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᒥᐊᕆ ᐃᑐᖓ

© NICK NEWBERY

1. The creation of a truly bilingual K-9 culturally relevant school program, with ready-to-deliver classroom teaching materials.

2. ᐅᔾᔨᕆᔭᐅᓯᒪᓂᖓ ᐃᓅᑉ ᖃᓄᐃᑦᑐᑐᐃᓐᓇᑎᒍᑦ ᐱᐅᓯᒋᐊᖅᓯᒪᓕᕐᓂᖓᓄᑦ ᑎᑎᕋᖅᓯᒪᓕᕐᓗᒋᑦ ᓲᕐᓗ ᐃᓅᓯᖓᑕ ᐊᓯᔾᔨᖅᓯᒪᓂᖓ, ᐅᐸᒍᑎᑦᑎᐊᖅᐸᓐᓂᖓᑕ, ᐱᓕᕆᐊᖃᖃᑕᐅᑦᑎᐊᖅᐸᓐᓂᖓᑕ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐃᓕᖅᑯᓯᖃᓕᕐᓂᖓᑕ ᐱᔾᔪᑎᒋᓗᒋᑦ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕈᑎᖃᑦᑎᐊᕋᓱᓐᓂᕐᒧᑦ (ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕈᑎᒋᓯᒪᔭᒥᓂ ᐃᖏᕐᕋᑦᑎᐊᖅᑎᑦᑎᓯᒪᓂᖓ ᐃᓱᒪᒋᖔᖖᒋᓪᓗᒍ). 3. ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᖅᑐᒥᒃ ᐃᑲᔪᖅᓯᓂᖃᓕᕆᐊᖅᐸᒡᓗᑎᒃ ᐱᓕᕆᓂᕆᓯᒪᔭᖏᓄᑦ ᐃᓕᑕᕆᔭᐅᓯᒪᖖᒋᓗᐊᖅᑐᒥᒃ. 4. ᐃᑲᔪᖅᑎᐅᓕᕆᐊᕐᓗᑎᒃ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕈᑎᖃᖅᑐᒧᑦ ᒍᕇᑦ 10-ᒥᒃ ᐅᕝᕙᓘᓐᓃᑦ 11-ᒥᒃ ᐱᔾᔪᑎᒋᓪᓗᒍ ᐃᓕᑕᕆᔭᐅᔾᔪᑎᑖᖑᕙᑦᑐᑦ ᑐᕌᖓᑎᑕᐅᓯᒪᒋᐊᕐᒪᑕ ᐃᑲᔪᖅᓯᓂᖃᓕᕋᔭᕐᓂᕐᒧᑦ ᒪᒃᑯᓐᓂᖅᓴᐅᓪᓗᑎᒃ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᖅᑐᑦ ᑲᔪᓯᑎᑦᑎᒋᐊᖁᓪᓗᒋᑦ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕌᓂᒃᓯᒪᓕᕐᓂᒃᓴᒥᓐᓄᑦ.

TALOYOAK: Ellen and Mary Ittunga present the Ittunga award to Phoebe Neeveacheak’s parents, Jayco Neeveacheak and Fiona Qilluniq (Phoebe was away on a seal-hunting trip).

July/August 2014

NORTHERN YOUTH nalunaiqsisimalilaurningita ijjuaruminaqtumik kajusigiarasugiaqarnirminnik pinasuaqattalilauqtunut ilinniaraaniksimautitaarasuaqtutik ammalu ujjirusuliqsimalauqtunik nangminiq piusituqarijatik pimmariujuuninginut ilippallianirmiktigut Inuit Qaujimajatuqanginut tunngavviqutigijaujutigut. Ilitarijaujjutitaarijauvaktut sitamailingavviqarmata piliriaksaujuni: 1. Ilitarivaglugit taikkua pinasuatsialauqtut, aksururniqalauqtut qanutuinnaq kisianilu Inuusirminnik asijjiisimalirunnalauqtutik ammalu upagutittiaqpagunnalilauqtutik ammalu iliqqusirijangit nalunaittumik piusigiaqsimalilaurningini. 2. Ujjirijausimaninga Inuup qanuittutuinnatigut piusigiaqsimalirninganut titiraqsimalirlugit suurlu Inuusingata asijjiqsimaninga, upagutittiaqpanningata, piliriaqaqatauttiaqpanningata ammalu iliqqusiqalirningata pijjutigilugit ilinniarutiqattiarasunnirmut (ilinniarutigisimajamini ingirrattiaqtittisimaninga isumagingaanngillugu). 3. Ilinniaqtumik ikajuqsiniqaliriaqpaglutik pilirinirisimajanginut ilitarijausimanngiluaqtumik. 4. Ikajuqtiuliriarlutik ilinniarutiqaqtumut Grade 10-mik uvvaluunniit 11-mik pijjutigillugu ilitarijaujjutitaanguvattut turaangatitausimagiarmata ikajuqsiniqalirajarnirmut makkunniqsaullutik ilinniaqtut kajusitittigiaqullugit ilinniaraaniksimalirniksaminnut. 2014-mi ilitarijaujjutitaarijauvattut ilaqaliqtitaulauqput quttingniqsanut ilinniarutilinnut sitamaujuni Nunavummi nunaligijaujuni atunilu kajusigiattiarunnarnirmut ilitarijaujjutitaarijaujut atsiqtausimavaktutik upigijauttiaqtuni nunaliujumi inummut uvvaluunniit aippariiktunut (takulugit taakkua ataani) takussaujukkut inuusirijangit ijjuaruminaqtuqaliqtitauqullugit makkuktuit. Kinngait Peter Pitseolak Ilinniarvinga Annie Manning Iqaluit Inuksuk Quttingniqsanut Ilinniarvinga Annie Nauyaq Pangnirtung Attagoyuk Ilinniarvinga Noah Metuq Qikiqtarjuaq Inuksuit Ilinniarvinga Markoosie Audlakiak Taloyoak Netsilik Ilinniarvinga Tony ammalu Mary Ittunga

above & beyond

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NORTHERN YOUTH

ᐅᑭᐅᑕᒫᑦ, ᐊᑐᓂ ᑖᒃᑯᐊ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕐᕕᖏᓂ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕈᑎᖃᖅᑐᓄᑦ ᒍᕇᑦ 10-ᒥᒃ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ 11-ᒥᒃ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᖅᑎᑦᑎᔨᐅᔪᑦ ᓂᕈᐊᖅᖠᕙᒃᑐᑦ ᓄᓇᓕᐅᔪᒥ ᓇᓪᓕᐊᑦ ᐃᓕᑕᕆᔭᐅᔾᔪᑎᑖᕐᓂᐊᕐᒪᖔᑦ, ᑕᐃᒪᓗ ᐊᑎᖓ ᓇᓗᓇᐃᖅᑕᐅᓕᖅᐸᒃᑐᓂ ᐅᐱᕐᖓᒃᓵᒥ ᑲᑎᓐᓂᐊᖅᑎᑦᑎᑎᓪᓗᒋᑦ, ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕐᕕᖕᒥ ᐃᓱᒪᑕᕆᔭᐅᔾᔪᑎᑖᕈᑎᒥᒃ ᐊᑦᓯᖅᑕᐅᓯᒪᔪᖅ ᖃᐃᖁᔭᐅᓕᖅᐸᒃᑐᓂ (ᐃᓚᒋᔭᖏᓪᓘᓐᓃᑦ) ᑐᓂᓯᓯᒪᓕᖁᓪᓗᒍ ᐃᓕᑕᕆᔭᐅᔾᔪᑎᑖᖅᑐᒧᑦ. ᑕᐃᒪᓐᓇ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕐᕕᒃ ᓄᓇᖅᑲᑎᒌᑦᑐᐃᓪᓗ ᐊᔾᔨᒌᒃᑐᒧᑦ ᑐᕌᕐᕕᒃᓴᖃᕐᓂᒥᓐᓂ ᐊᑦᑕᑕᖅᓯᒪᓕᑐᕋᐅᑉᐸᒻᒪᑕ.

ᐱᐅᓯᒋᐊᖅᑎᑦᑎᒋᐊᕐᓂᖅ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᖅᑐᐃᑦ ᑲᔪᓯᒋᐊᑦᑎᐊᖔᕈᓐᓇᖁᓪᓗᒋᑦ

CAPE DORSET: Annie Manning (who the award is named after) with award recipient Cindy Kenneally in Cape Dorset.

© NICK NEWBERY (2)

PANGNIRTUNG: Nadia and Aidan Metuq hold their father’s award, medal and certificate in Pangnirtung (the award is named after their father Noah).

12

arcticjournal.ca

ᓇᓗᓇᖖᒋᒻᒪᑦ ᓄᓇᕗᑦᒥ ᒐᕙᒪᒋᔭᐅᔪᑦ ᐱᕙᓪᓕᐊᔪᓕᕆᓂᐅᔪᓂᒃ ᐱᓕᕆᐊᕆᔭᐅᓪᓗᑎᒃ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕐᕕᓐᓂ ᐅᔾᔨᕈᓱᓐᓂᖏᓂᒃ ᑭᓯᐊᓂᓗ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᖅᑎᑦᑎᔨᐅᔪᑉ ᐃᓱᒪᓂᕆᔭᖏᑦ ᒪᓕᒡᓗᒋᑦ, ᓯᑕᒪᐃᖑᔪᑎᒍᑦ ᐊᓯᔾᔨᖅᑎᑕᐅᓯᒪᓂᖃᓕᖅᐸᑕ ᐊᖏᔪᒻᒪᕆᖕᒥᒃ ᐃᑲᔪᕈᑕᐅᔪᓐᓇᕐᒪᑕ ᐱᐅᓯᒋᐊᖅᑎᑦᑎᓇᓱᓐᓂᕐᒥ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᖅᑐᐃᑦ ᑲᔪᓯᒋᐊᑦᑎᐊᖔᖃᑦᑕᖁᓪᓗᒋᑦ ᐊᒥᓲᓂᖅᓴᐅᔪᑦ ᓄᓇᕗᒻᒥᐅᑦ ᒪᒃᑯᒃᑐᖏᓂ: 1. ᐋᖅᑭᒃᓱᐃᓯᒪᓕᕈᑎᒃ ᓱᓕᓪᓚᕆᒃᑑᓪᓗᑎᒃ ᒪᕐᕈᐃᑎᒍᑦ ᐅᖃᐅᓯᕆᔭᐅᔪᑎᒎᖅᑐᑎᒃ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᓕᓵᖅᑐᓂᑦ ᑎᑭᓪᓗᒋᑦ ᒍᕇᑦ 9-ᒧᑦ ᐱᐅᓯᑐᖃᕐᒧᑦ ᐊᑐᕐᓂᖃᑦᑎᐊᖅᑑᓗᑎᒃ ᐱᓕᕆᐊᒥᒃ, ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕐᕕᓐᓂ ᐃᓕᓴᐃᔾᔪᑎᔅᓴᓂᒃ ᐊᑐᖅᑕᐅᔪᓐᓇᖅᓯᓯᒪᔪᓂᒃ ᐱᑕᖃᓕᖅᑎᑦᑎᓂᖅᑎᒍᑦ. 2. ᐱᒋᐊᖅᑎᑦᑎᓯᒪᓕᕐᓗᑎᒃ ᐋᖅᑮᒋᐊᕈᑎᓂᒃ ᐅᖃᓕᒫᕈᓐᓇᕐᓂᓕᕆᓂᕐᒧᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᓈᓴᐃᕙᒍᓐᓇᕐᓂᓕᕆᓂᕐᒧᑦ ᐃᑲᔪᕈᑎᔅᓴᐅᓇᔭᖅᑐᓂᒃ ᑕᒪᐃᑎᒍᑦ ᖁᑦᑎᖕᓂᕆᔭᐅᔪᓂ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᓕᓵᖅᑐᓂᑦ ᑎᑭᓪᓗᒋᑦ ᒍᕇᑦ 9-ᒧᑦ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕈᑎᖃᖅᑐᓄᑦ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᖅᑐᐃᑦ ᑭᖑᕙᕆᐊᖃᑦᑕᖅᑎᑕᐅᖁᓇᒋᑦ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕈᑎᒋᔭᒥᓐᓂ. (ᕕᓐᓛᓐᒥ, ᐊᒥᓱᓂᑦ ᐃᓱᒪᒋᔭᐅᔪᓂᑦ ᓯᕗᓕᖅᑎᐅᓂᖏᓄᑦ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕐᓂᓕᕆᓂᕐᒥ

Ukiutamaat, atuni taakkua ilinniarvingini ilinniarutiqaqtunut Grade 10-mik ammalu 11mik ilinniaqtittijiujut niruaqłivaktut nunaliujumi nalliat ilitarijaujjutitaarniarmangaat, taimalu atinga nalunaiqtauliqpaktuni upirngaksaami katinniaqtittitillugit, ilinniarvingmi isumatarijaujjutitaarutimik atsiqtausimajuq qaiqujauliqpaktuni (ilagijangilluunniit) tunisisimaliqullugu ilitarijaujjutitaaqtumut. Taimanna ilinniarvik nunaqqatigiittuillu ajjigiiktumut turaarviksaqarniminni attataqsimaliturauppammata.

Piusigiaqtittigiarniq Ilinniaqtuit Kajusigiattiangaarunnaqullugit Nalunanngimmat Nunavutmi Governmentgijaujut pivalliajuliriniujunik piliriarijaullutik ilinniarvinni ujjirusunninginik kisianilu ilinniaqtittijiujup isumanirijangit maliglugit, sitamaingujutigut asijjiqtitausimaniqaliqpata angijummaringmik ikajurutaujunnarmata piusigiaqtittinasunnirmi ilinniaqtuit kajusigiattiangaaqattaqullugit amisuuniqsaujut Nunavummiut makkuktungini: 1. Aaqqiksuisimalirutik sulillariktuullutik marruitigut uqausirijaujutiguuqtutik Ilinnialisaaqtunit tikillugit Grade 9-mut piusituqarmut aturniqattiaqtuulutik piliriamik, ilinniarvinni ilisaijjutissanik atuqtaujunnaqsisimajunik pitaqaliqtittiniqtigut. 2. Pigiaqtittisimalirlutik aaqqiigiarutinik uqalimaarunnarnilirinirmut ammalu naasaivagunnarnilirinirmut ikajurutissaunajaqtunik tamaitigut quttingnirijaujuni ilinnialisaaqtunit tikillugit Grade 9-mut ilinniarutiqaqtunut ilinniaqtuit kinguvariaqattaqtitauqunagit ilinniarutigijaminni. (Finland-mi, amisunit isumagijaujunit sivuliqtiuninginut ilinniarnilirinirmi ingirrattiaqtittininginut, Atausiq pingasunit ilinniaqtunit aaqqiigiarutitigut ikajuqsigauniqaliqpaktunit pitaqaqtumi tamakkunani ilinniarutingita quttingnirijanginni ilinniarutiqaqtunut.) 3. Ujaraktariaqtit Company-gijangita ammalu Inuit Katujjiqatigiingita ilagijauqatauningit kiinaujatigut ikajurutitsaqtaartittivannirmi ikajurutauvammata pilirianguliriaqallariktunut nunami ajunnginnirijaujunut, annaumajunnalisaivannirmullu ammalu iqqanaijaarilirniarlugu pilimmaksagauniasaaqtillugit ilinniarutigijauvaktussanut tamaini ilinniarvinni. 4. Ilijausimalikkannirlutik piusituqalirinirmi tukisiumaliqtittigiarutiuvaktunik qallunaat

July/August 2014


2. The establishment of remedial literacy and numeracy support at every level from K-9 to prevent students from falling behind. (In Finland, considered by many to be a leading educational success story, one in three students receive some form of remedial support in those grades.) 3. The involvement of mining companies and Inuit organizations to help fund badlyneeded programs in land skills, life skills and pre-trades in every school. 4. The re-instatement of cultural orientation for new southern hires and on-going workshops to help all teachers deliver more culturally suitable programs to strengthen the link between schools and the communities they serve. This spring five assemblies in five schools recognized the efforts of five students who, despite difficulties in their lives, have made a conscious decision to take their education and their lives seriously. This year’s recipients of the current five Perseverance Awards are: Cindy Kenneally The Annie Manning Perseverance Award, Peter Pitseolak School Molly Ell The Annie Nauyaq Perseverance Award, Inuksuk High School Pamela Akpalialuk The Noah Metuq Perseverance Award, Attagoyuk School Seemee Pitseolak The Markosie Audlakiak Perseverance Award, Inuksuit School Phoebe Neeveacheak The Ittunga Perseverance Award, Netsilik School It is hoped to expand this program to more high schools in Nunavut in the future so that greater numbers of young people will be encouraged to continue their education and will be recognized for their efforts.

Nick Newbery Nick Newbery was a teacher in Nunavut from 1976-2005. He currently teaches courses on Nunavut at Mount St. Vincent University in Halifax where he also runs an annual Nunavut practicum with Qikiqtani School Operations for some of his students. He initiated the Perseverance Award and hopes to expand its presence in Nunavut.

July/August 2014

ᐃᖏᕐᕋᑦᑎᐊᖅᑎᑦᑎᓂᖏᓄᑦ, ᐊᑕᐅᓯᖅ ᐱᖓᓱᓂᑦ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᖅᑐᓂᑦ ᐋᖅᑮᒋᐊᕈᑎᑎᒍᑦ ᐃᑲᔪᖅᓯᒐᐅᓂᖃᓕᖅᐸᒃᑐᓂᑦ ᐱᑕᖃᖅᑐᒥ ᑕᒪᒃᑯᓇᓂ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕈᑎᖏᑕ ᖁᑦᑎᖕᓂᕆᔭᖏᓐᓂ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕈᑎᖃᖅᑐᓄᑦ.) 3. ᐅᔭᕋᒃᑕᕆᐊᖅᑎᑦ ᑲᒻᐸᓂᒋᔭᖏᑕ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐃᓄᐃᑦ ᑲᑐᔾᔨᖃᑎᒌᖏᑕ ᐃᓚᒋᔭᐅᖃᑕᐅᓂᖏᑦ ᑮᓇᐅᔭᑎᒍᑦ ᐃᑲᔪᕈᑎᑦᓴᖅᑖᕐᑎᑦᑎᕙᓐᓂᕐᒥ ᐃᑲᔪᕈᑕᐅᕙᒻᒪᑕ ᐱᓕᕆᐊᖑᓕᕆᐊᖃᓪᓚᕆᒃᑐᓄᑦ ᓄᓇᒥ ᐊᔪᖖᒋᓐᓂᕆᔭᐅᔪᓄᑦ, ᐊᓐᓇᐅᒪᔪᓐᓇᓕᓴᐃᕙᓐᓂᕐᒧᓪᓗ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐃᖅᑲᓇᐃᔮᕆᓕᕐᓂᐊᕐᓗᒍ ᐱᓕᒻᒪᒃᓴᒐᐅᓂᐊᓵᖅᑎᓪᓗᒋᑦ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕈᑎᒋᔭᐅᕙᒃᑐᔅᓴᓄᑦ ᑕᒪᐃᓂ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕐᕕᓐᓂ. 4. ᐃᓕᔭᐅᓯᒪᓕᒃᑲᓐᓂᕐᓗᑎᒃ ᐱᐅᓯᑐᖃᓕᕆᓂᕐᒥ ᑐᑭᓯᐅᒪᓕᖅᑎᑦᑎᒋᐊᕈᑎᐅᕙᒃᑐᓂᒃ ᖃᓪᓗᓈᑦ ᓄᓇᖏᓐᓂᖔᖅᑐᑎᒃ ᐃᖅᑲᓇᐃᔭᖅᑎᑖᕆᔭᐅᕙᑦᑐᓄᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᑲᔪᓯᑎᑕᐅᓯᒪᓗᑎᒃ ᐱᓕᒻᒪᒃᓴᐃᓂᐅᕙᒃᑐᓄᑦ ᐃᑲᔪᕈᑎᔅᓴᕆᔭᐅᓪᓗᑎᒃ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᖅᑎᑦᑎᔨᓕᒫᑦ ᐱᐅᓯᑐᖃᖅ ᒪᓕᒃᓗᒍ ᐱᓕᕆᐊᖑᔪᓂᒃ ᐱᓕᕆᔨᐅᕙᒍᓐᓇᖅᑐᔅᓴᓂᒃ ᓴᖖᒋᒃᑎᒋᐊᖅᓯᒪᓕᖁᓪᓗᒋᑦ ᐊᑦᑕᑕᖅᓯᒪᑐᕋᐅᓐᓂᖏᓂ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕐᕕᐅᔪᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᓄᓇᓕᐅᔪᓄᑦ ᐱᔨᑦᑎᕋᖅᑎᐅᔪᑦ.

ᑕᕝᕙᓂ ᐅᐱᕐᖓᔅᓵᒥ ᑕᓪᓕᒪᐅᔪᑦ ᑲᑎᒪᔨᒋᔭᐅᔪᑦ ᑕᓪᓕᒪᐅᔪᓂ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕐᕕᓐᓂ ᐃᓕᑕᖅᓯᓯᒪᓕᓚᐅᕐᒪᑕ ᑕᓪᓕᒪᓂᒃ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᖅᑐᓂᒃ, ᐊᔪᓕᕈᑎᖃᖃᑦᑕᕋᓗᐊᖅᑐᑎᒃ ᐃᓅᓯᕐᒥᓐᓂ, ᐃᓱᒪᒥᒃᑎᒍᑦ ᐃᓱᒪᓕᐅᖅᓯᒪᓂᖃᓕᓚᐅᖅᑐᓂᒃ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕈᑎᒋᔭᒥᓐᓂᒃ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐃᓅᓯᕆᔭᒥᓐᓂᒃ ᑲᔪᓯᒋᐊᖅᑎᑦᑎᑦᓯᐊᕈᒪᓕᖅᑐᑎᒃ. ᑕᕝᕙᓂ ᐅᑭᐅᒥ ᑕᓪᓕᒪᐅᔪᑦ ᑲᔪᓯᒋᐊᑦᑎᐊᕈᓐᓇᕐᓂᕐᒧᑦ ᐃᓕᑕᕆᔭᐅᔾᔪᑎᑖᕐᑎᑕᐅᓚᐅᖅᑐᑦ ᐅᑯᐊᖑᕗᑦ:

ᓯᓐᑎ ᑭᓐᓃᓕ ᐋᓂ ᒫᓂᖕ ᑲᔪᓯᒋᐊᑦᑎᐊᕈᓐᓇᕐᓂᕐᒧᑦ ᐃᓕᑕᕆᔭᐅᔾᔪᑎᑖᕈᑎᖓ, ᐲᑕ ᐱᑦᓯᐅᓛᖅ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕐᕕᖓᓂᑦ ᒫᓕ ᐃᐊᓪ ᐋᓂ ᓇᐅᔭᖅ ᑲᔪᓯᒋᐊᑦᑎᐊᕈᓐᓇᕐᓂᕐᒧᑦ ᐃᓕᑕᕆᔭᐅᔾᔪᑎᑖᕈᑎᖓ, ᐃᓄᒃᓱᒃ ᖁᑦᑎᖕᓂᖅᓴᓄᑦ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕐᕕᖓᓂᑦ ᐹᒥᓚ ᐊᒃᐸᓕᐊᓗᒃ ᓄᐊ ᒥᑐᖅ ᑲᔪᓯᒋᐊᑦᑎᐊᕈᓐᓇᕐᓂᕐᒧᑦ ᐃᓕᑕᕆᔭᐅᔾᔪᑎᑖᕈᑎᖓ, ᐊᑕᒍᔪᖅ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕐᕕᖓᓂᑦ ᓰᒥ ᐱᑦᓯᐅᓛᖅ ᒫᑯᓯ ᐊᐅᑦᓚᕿᐊᖅ ᑲᔪᓯᒋᐊᑦᑎᐊᕈᓐᓇᕐᓂᕐᒧᑦ ᐃᓕᑕᕆᔭᐅᔾᔪᑎᑖᕈᑎᖓ, ᐃᓄᒃᓱᐃᑦ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕐᕕᖓᓂᑦ ᕖᐱ ᓂᕕᐊᑦᓯᐊᖅ ᐃᑦᑐᖓ ᑲᔪᓯᒋᐊᑦᑎᐊᕈᓐᓇᕐᓂᕐᒧᑦ ᐃᓕᑕᕆᔭᐅᔾᔪᑎᑖᕈᑎᖓ, ᓇᑦᓯᓕᒃ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕐᕕᖓᓂᑦ

ᐃᓱᒪᒋᔭᐅᕗᖅ ᑖᓐᓇ ᐱᓕᕆᐊᖑᔪᖅ ᓯᕗᓂᕐᒥ ᐊᖏᓪᓕᒋᐊᖅᑎᑕᐅᖁᓪᓗᒍ ᐊᒥᓲᓂᖅᓴᐅᓕᕐᓗᑎᒃ ᖁᑦᑎᖕᓂᖅᓴᓄᑦ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕕᒋᔭᐅᔪᑦ ᓄᓇᕗᒻᒥ ᐊᒥᓲᓂᖅᓴᐅᔪᑦ ᒪᒃᑯᒃᑐᐃᑦ ᐃᑲᔪᖅᓯᕐᑕᐅᓯᒪᓂᖃᓕᖁᓪᓗᒋᑦ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕈᑎᒥᓐᓂᒃ ᑲᔪᓯᒋᐊᖅᑎᑦᑎᓯᒪᔪᒪᓂᖏᑦ ᖁᑦᑎᖕᓂᖅᓴᐅᓕᖁᓪᓗᒍ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐃᓕᑕᕆᔭᐅᖃᑦᑕᕐᓂᐊᕐᒪᑕ ᐊᒃᓱᕈᕈᑎᒋᓪᓗᒍ ᐱᓇᓱᐊᖅᓯᒪᓂᖏᓂᑦ.

ᓂᒃ ᓂᐅᐱᐊᕆ

ᓂᒃ ᓂᐅᐱᐊᕆ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᖅᑎᑦᑎᔨᐅᓚᐅᕐᐳᖅ ᓄᓇᕗᒻᒥ 1976-ᒥᑦ 2005-ᒧᑦ. ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᖅᑎᑦᑎᕙᒃᑐᑦ ᓄᓇᕗᒻᒥᒃ ᐱᔾᔪᑎᖃᖅᑐᓂᒃ ᒪᐅᓐᑦ ᓴᐃᓐᑦ ᕕᑯᓐᓴᓐ ᓯᓚᑦᑐᖅᓴᕐᕕᖓᓂ ᕼᐋᓕᕚᒃᔅᒥ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐅᑭᐅᑕᒫᑦ ᓯᓚᑦᑐᖅᓴᕐᕕᓐᓂ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕈᑎᖃᖅᑎᑦᑎᖃᑎᖃᖅᐸᒃᑐᓂ ᕿᑭᖅᑕᓂ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕐᕕᓕᕆᓂᕐᒥ ᐊᐅᓚᑦᓯᓂᐅᔪᓂᒃ ᐃᓚᖏᓄᑦ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᖅᑎᑕᒥᓄᑦ. ᐱᒋᐊᖅᑎᑦᑎᔨᐅᓚᐅᕐᐳᖅ ᑲᔪᓯᒋᐊᑦᑎᐊᕈᓐᓇᕐᓂᕐᒧᑦ ᐃᓕᑕᕆᔭᐅᔾᔪᓯᑖᕆᔭᐅᕙᑦᑐᓂᒃ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐊᖏᓪᓕᒋᐊᖅᑎᑦᑎᔪᒪᓪᓗᓂ ᑖᔅᓱᒥᖓ ᓄᓇᕗᒻᒥ.

NORTHERN YOUTH nunanginningaaqtutik iqqanaijaqtitaarijauvattunut ammalu kajusititausimalutik pilimmaksainiuvaktunut ikajurutissarijaullutik ilinniaqtittijilimaat piusituqaq maliklugu piliriangujunik pilirijiuvagunnaqtussanik sanngiktigiaqsimaliqullugit attataqsimaturaunningini ilinniarviujut ammalu nunaliujunut pijittiraqtiujut. Tavvani upirngassaami tallimaujut katimajigijaujut tallimaujuni ilinniarvinni ilitaqsisimalilaurmata tallimanik ilinniaqtunik, ajulirutiqaqattaraluaqtutik inuusirminni, isumamiktigut isumaliuqsimaniqalilauqtunik ilinniarutigijaminnik ammalu Inuusirijaminnik kajusigiaqtittitsiarumaliqtutik. Tavvani ukiumi tallimaujut Kajusigiattiarunnarnirmut Ilitarijaujjutitaartitaulauqtut ukuanguvut: Cindy Kenneally Annie Manning Kajusigiattiarunnarnirmut Ilitarijaujjutitaarutinga, Peter Pitseolak Ilinniarvinganit Molly Ell Annie Nauyaq Kajusigiattiarunnarnirmut Ilitarijaujjutitaarutinga, Inuksuk Quttingniqsanut Ilinniarvinganit Pamela Akpalialuk Noah Metuq Kajusigiattiarunnarnirmut Ilitarijaujjutitaarutinga, Attagoyuk Ilinniarvinganit Seemee Pitseolak Markosie Audlakiak Kajusigiattiarunnarnirmut Ilitarijaujjutitaarutinga, Inuksuit Ilinniarvinganit Phoebe Neeveacheak Ittunga Kajusigiattiarunnarnirmut Ilitarijaujjutitaarutinga, Netsilik Ilinniarvinganit Isumagijauvuq taanna piliriangujuq sivunirmi angilligiaqtitauqullugu amisuuniqsaulirlutik quttingniqsanut ilinniavigijaujut Nunavummi amisuuniqsaujut makkuktuit ikajuqsirtausimaniqaliqullugit ilinniarutiminnik kajusigiaqtittisimajumaningit quttingniqsauliqullugu ammalu ilitarijauqattarniarmata aksururutigillugu pinasuaqsimaninginit.

Nick Newbery Nick Newbery ilinniaqtittijiulaurpuq Nunavummi 1976-mit 2005-mut. Ilinniaqtittivaktut Nunavummik pijjutiqaqtunik Mount St. Vincent Silattuqsarvingani Halifax-mi ammalu ukiutamaat silattuqsarvinni ilinniarutiqaqtittiqatiqaqpaktuni Qikiqtani Ilinniarvilirinirmi aulatsiniujunik ilanginut ilinniaqtitaminut. Pigiaqtittijiulaurpuq Kajusigiattiarunnarnirmut Ilitarijaujjusitaarijauvattunik ammalu angilligiaqtittijumalluni taassuminga Nunavummi.

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© PARKS CANADA

LIVING ABOVE & BEYOND

Nááts’ihch’oh National Park Reserve

NWT gets new national park The Sahtu Region of the Northwest Territories now has a new national park. The Nááts’ihch’oh National Park Reserve is the result of almost a decade of planning between the Government of the Northwest Territories, the Sahtu Dene and Métis and the governments of Canada and the Yukon. It is an area of spiritual and cultural significance to the people of the Tulita district and an important calving ground for mountain caribou. Nááts’ihch’oh is Canada’s 44th national park.

Locally-owned and operated for over 40 years!

Insurance Replacement Vehicles Complimentary Customer Pick-Up Yellowknife

867-920-2970 867-873-3424 Reservations, Out-of-town & Worldwide Toll-Free

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www.nationalcar.ca July/August 2014

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© MARQUISE LEPAGE

LIVING ABOVE & BEYOND

Martha Flaherty, Larry Audlaluk, Rynee Flaherty, Mary Flaherty with the monument in Grise Fiord.

The bronze and granite monument in Inukjuak is a figure of an Inuk looking out to sea as his relatives depart for the High Arctic.

affected by the relocations. The website also hosts more than 300 photos and other archival material.

© MARQUISE LEPAGE

Iqqaumavara — I remember — is a series of new web-based documentaries about the history of the many Inuit families who were relocated by the Canadian government in the 1950s from Inukjuak and Pond Inlet to Resolute Bay and Grise Fiord. Monuments to these families have been erected over the years in Inukjuak, Grise Fiord and Resolute Bay. As a way to acknowledge the suffering of these families, Makivik Corp. and the National Film Board of Canada have spent the last three years producing a trilingual website to honour the relocatees. The website includes 17 hours of unreleased material on the resettlement of Quebec Inuit to the High Arctic and 12 short films, including interviews with Inuit families

© EVANGÉLINE DE PAS

New website honours Inuit families

Pita Aatami, Georges Echalook, Elizabeth Allakariallak Roberts, Lizzie Amagoalik, John Duncan and the artist Simeonie Amagoalik who carved this monument in Resolute Bay.

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LIVING ABOVE & BEYOND

© WTTC

Nunavut community honoured for Ecotourism program

Mike Robbins and Olivia Tagalik accept the Community Award.

The World Travel & Tourism Council selected Arviat Community Ecotourism as the winner of its community award, aimed at organizations that offer sustainable tourism, including local community development and cultural heritage. Arviat’s three-year-old community-based cultural and wildlife tourism program in Nunavut was picked for the prestigious international tourism award out of 170 tourism groups from around the world. Arviat Community Ecotourism program evolves around a slice of daily life in the Kivalliq

community. Visitors take part in summer wildlife and cultural tours, on foot to visit local artisans at work and to try some locally-hunted country food, out on the land by all-terrain vehicle or by boat to see the natural scenery and possibly a polar bear, and attend cultural shows performed by a group of local performers known as Qaggiqtiit. In 2013, Arviat hosted 220 visitors. For more information, contact info@visitarviat.ca.

How Inuit create their stories © THOMASSIE MANGIOK

a broken igloo or steer a dog team through ice blocks. The entire app is illustrated and narrated by Mangiok. The app includes original music by Montreal artist Nicolas Pirti Duplessis and throat singing by Evie Mark.

In the new app users navigate the travels of an Inuit family made up of characters Slvua, Anirniq and Avingnga.

Ivujivik graphic designer Thomassie Mangiok, of Pirnoma Technologies in Nunavik, has launched a new free app to help promote the Inuit language and traditions in more mainstream culture. The app, called Inuit unikkausiliurusingit, loosely translates to “how Inuit create their stories.” Users encounter challenges and games along the way such as helping to repair July/August 2014

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RESOURCES

Iron ore could start moving this summer

© MARC PIKE

Baffinland Iron Mines has received approval for its Early Revenue Phase Proposal from the Nunavut Impact Review Board. According to the new amended project certificate, the company, along with government and Inuit bodies, are obliged to monitor and report back on how the project could impact all aspects of the land, water and air within the project’s vicinity. Baffinland says it will begin stockpiling iron ore at the Mary River mine site this summer or fall, and start shipping in the open water season of 2015. Baffinland plans to ship 3.5-million tonnes of ore per year through Milne Inlet, using ships that carry between 70,000 and 90,000 tonnes. They expect to use about 55 ships, in addition to ships carrying sealift supplies and fuel.

© DOMINION DIAMOND CORPORATION

Mary River aerial shot from a distance.

NWT diamonds to receive CanadaMark trademark

Sabina to support KIA development initiatives

Dominion Diamond Corporation has announced that it will inscribe every CanadaMark diamond from its NWT Ekati and Diavik mines with the CanadaMark logo and a unique serial number. A CanadaMark diamond certificate card will also accompany each diamond. The unique serial number can be verified on the CanadaMark Rough diamonds. website. Through an independently audited process, the CanadaMark diamond hallmark program provides assurance that a polished diamond is of Canadian origin, is mined responsibly in the Northwest Territories, natural and untreated, tracked at every stage from country of origin to polished stone, and polished to strict quality standards.

Sabina Gold and Silver Corp. and the Kitikmeot Inuit Association (KIA) have finalized a Development Trust Fund Agreement that will contribute funding towards development projects and initiatives including training and education as well as infrastructure projects to support sustainable economic development in the region. The Trust would receive three per cent of Sabina’s net proceeds from the silver royalty retained by Sabina on the Hackett River and Wishbone properties. Sabina will fund the KIA based on an agreed work plan and budget for the environmental assessment and permitting processes. Funding will occur over an estimated period of three years ending in 2016. This funding will enable the KIA to establish stable, long-term funding to employ staff, retain certain technical specialists and conduct administrative and management functions as required during the process.

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RESOURCES

Avalon Rare Metals Inc. has received its Class A Land Use Permit from the Mackenzie Valley Land and Water Board to start pre-construction work at the Nechalacho Rare Earth Elements Project at Thor Lake, Northwest Territories. Avalon anticipates a Class B water licence will be issued in the near future and is hopeful it will secure full construction and operation permits by early 2015. The expected mine life of the project is 20 years, based on 14.6 million tonnes of proven and probable mineral reserves measured and indicated at the site.

© AVALON RARE METALS INC.

Avalon rare earth elements project continues to move forward

An aerial view of Avalon Rare Metals’ Nechalacho campsite, near Thor Lake, NWT.

New interpretive centre opens in Yellowknife

First-ever production lease for mineral exploration rights signed

The NWT Diamond Centre officially opened its doors in May. The new interpretive Centre, owned and operated by Crossworks Manufacturing Ltd., is the only diamond-polishing company operating in the Northwest Territories. It includes flashy displays, a video theatre and a diamond store with products mined, cut and polished in the NWT. The Centre will also carry Forevermark diamonds and is the most northern Forevermark store in the world. It is located in Yellowknife’s downtown core on 5109 49th Street.

Nunavut Tunngavik Inc. (NTI) has signed its first-ever mineral production lease, allowing Agnico Eagle Mines (AEM) to extract gold from Inuit-owned land near the Meadowbank mine in exchange for annual fees and a minimum annual royalty of 1.8 per cent of gross revenue. The production lease will cover AEM’s 144-hectare Vault deposit, an open-pit operation about nine kilometres northeast of Meadowbank’s processing plant. The Vault deposit contains proven and probable reserves amounting to 855,000 ounces of gold. The project is expected to become the main mining operation for Meadowbank by 2015. NTI and AEM have also signed 15 mineral exploration agreements that cover 110,241 hectares of Inuit-owned lands in the Kivalliq region. Exploration agreements give a company exclusive mineral exploration rights to prescribed parcels of land. These agreements last for a maximum of 20 years.

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Who says there are no trees in Iqaluit? Christine Lamothe in Tree Pose.

DANCING BEAR Breakdancer Christine ‘Lil*Bear’ Lamothe makes her boldest move yet opening Iqaluit’s first yoga and dance studio by Kathleen Lippa

D

ancers at the Saimavik studio suddenly freeze when they notice that the

© SAIMAVIK STUDIO

gumboots they dance in leave hideous black marks on the bamboo floor.

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When it turns out the scuffs come off easily, the dancers relax, and continue preparing for Toonik Tyme.

“It’s not a Nunavut dance,” explains Maxine Carroll, one of the leaders of the Gumboots Dance movement in Iqaluit. “But we’re infusing it with elements that touch us, and that we’re inspired by.” This means that in the midst of boot stomping with gusto, the dancers also break into throat-singing and human-beatbox — a clever urban/Northern blend that Saimavik studio founder Christine ‘Lil*Bear’ Lamothe loves. Later, the boisterous Toonik Tyme audience fell into pin-drop silence when the dancers started to kick up their rubber heels, Lamothe says. The Gumboots dancers were later invited to perform at Nunavut Day. Gumboots Dance originated in South Africa, where miners staged defiant dances wearing their Wellington boots. “This dance resonates because it’s about struggle and being strong,” Lamothe explains in her husky, authoritative voice during a break at Saimavik. “It’s about standing up for what you believe in. To stomp our feet and have people listen.” Saimavik is Iqaluit’s first dance and yoga studio. Created by Lamothe and her partner Gary Quinangnaq Philip, Saimavik offers regular yoga classes, Pilates, Zumba, and ballroom dancing, and can also be rented for events and meetings. Requests for more family-friendly programs at the studio also prompted Lamothe to add Zumbini classes for kids - a spin-off from the wildly popular Zumba fitness craze. “We want programming that is conducive to uplifting people,” says Lamothe. “I came up here to make a difference. And I have grown so much as a person.” above & beyond

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Yoga students in the three-legged dog pose during a recent class at Saimavik.

Dancing, of course, is nothing new in the Arctic. Drum dancing, square dancing, anyone feeling the Inukness (thanks to Anguti Johnston on YouTube), even those moves happening on the floor of the Iqaluit Legion on Friday night, are all part of Northern dance history. But serious dancers, as well as yogis and Pilates students, have had to make due in whatever space was available until now. Saimavik (which means Place of Happiness in Inuktitut) opened March 29, and about 70 people are currently enrolled in programs. The spring schedule includes yoga for beginners, and classes with names like: Yin/Yang and Mindfulness, NunaYin and Ullaakut Saima Yin, Saima Flow and Qulaani/ Lunch Yoga, Power Flow/Power Vinyasa, Zumba, and different levels of Pilates. There is also a weekly traveller’s special — $40 gets you unlimited drop-in classes (and it’s $5 a week for a mat rental.) “Classes are designed so that beginners feel at home,” Lamothe says. Still basking in the glow of her new enterprise, Lamothe has already faced the less-than-glamorous aspects of running a business, like dealing with water damage. But when the Iqaluit by-law officer surveying her property spent the first

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few minutes complimenting her on the renovation, she had to smile. Long-time Iqaluit resident and director of the Alianait Arts Festival, Heather Daley, attends yoga classes at Saimavik. “I’m giving myself time for me,” says Daley. “It’s something I don’t do often enough. And I’m gradually getting more flexible, more fit. Just feeling healthier.” Fresh from a lunchhour yoga class, Daley says yoga gives her a much-needed break in the middle of her day. She praised the teachers Lamothe has lined up, and the staff ’s openness to all students, regardless of level, and went on to say, “Having a place like that, where people can go and focus on themselves, on getting healthy and taking care of themselves is so nice.” Daley knows it’s not easy running a business in Iqaluit. “It’s a big leap. There are entrepreneurial activities in Nunavut like in almost no other place in Canada. If you’re smart and you have a good plan, you are organized and create something the public wants, you can do well. It’s also extremely expensive to do anything up here.” Never one to back down from a battle (dance or otherwise) Lamothe dug in her heels in Iqaluit’s red-hot housing

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“I have grown so much as a person.” Christine Lamothe basks in natural light for a moment at her studio on Ben Ell Drive.

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market when a bidding war ensued for the property. “I took a leap and I got it,” she says. Celebrating that achievement was soon followed by a heap of relentless, backbreaking work. “This place was completely gutted,” Lamothe says. “It was dark, and just disgusting. The floors were wet. The insulation was wet. We could barely lift it to throw it out. We did tonnes of dump runs.” With $65,000 in funding from the Baffin Business Development Corporation, Lamothe flew to Montreal to start shopping for material to build the studio. She agonized over everything from colour schemes to flooring, eventually settling on a soothing mauve hue for the studio walls. Lamothe’s boyfriend and his friends and family did the bulk of the renovations. But she was in there getting her hands dirty too. “I love mudding and taping walls,” she says. “I’m pretty good at it. Sanding the walls is tough, though. That’s a job and a half.” Quality was an essential feature of the project. “We wanted to show Iqaluit this is a place that really cares about you. We didn’t go cheap,” she says. “We put a lot of time, love and effort into it. And people can feel it. We tell people in class, ‘You have any baggage? Leave it in this house. This house can handle it. Drop it here. This place recycles your crap. Like compost,’” she says with a laugh before taking on a more serious tone. “There is a lot of trauma here in town,” she adds. “There is a lot of negativity - anywhere you go, not just Iqaluit. But it’s under a microscope here. You see it all. It’s a small town. You can’t escape from seeing pain and suffering.” Raised on Ottawa’s west side in the Crystal Beach neighbourhood, Lamothe says she was a high-energy kid with no direction in life. “I did terrible in school,” she says. “I was a dropout. I was into drugs. I was stealing cars. I was a shoplifter. That was my former life.” Kicked out of school, Lamothe attended behavioural therapy sessions she says did little for her at the time. “I’d sit with my counsellor and try to fix things, but it just wasn’t working. Then I went to my first rave and I danced all night long, and something completely shifted. I went to school the next day, and I was like, ‘I’m graduating from this program.’ The teachers were like, ‘Yeah, yeah, Christine, we’ve heard this before.’ I was like, ‘No. I mean it.’ I graduated in a month. I finally channelled this insane amount of energy I had into something good.”

Lean on me! Christine Lamothe gets some support from breakdancer Benny Sanguya.

She realized that she really loved to dance. But the rave scene “got old,” she says. “I just had to get out of there. And I needed to dance. But I had no money. So breakdancing was perfect!” Her ex-boyfriend was excelling in the breakdance scene in Ottawa at the time, so she thought, “‘I’m going to get really good at this - beat him at his own game.” She started teaching, and performed with an all-female dance crew. She also showed a flair for organizing events, as hundreds of people flocked to dance gigs she put in motion. By the time Lamothe arrived in Iqaluit in February 2006, her transformation to empowered dance leader was well underway. She first came North as a member of the Canadian Floormasters dance crew. But her Northern connection began earlier. “My mother had talked to me about the Arctic,” Lamothe says today. “Going out on the land on a Honda and watching the Northern Lights in the early days of Nunavut.” When her mom returned from working as a midwife in Rankin Inlet, Puvirnituq and Inukjuaq, Lamothe heard stories about a land that she would one day make her own. “The week I was here was magical,” Lamothe recalls of her first trip to Iqaluit with her dance crew. “I don’t know if it’s been as magical in any other community as it was here. It was so moving. Kids who were total dropouts started doing well in school. There was a shift in energy here. We worked those kids so hard. It was amazing. And I felt like, ‘Now I have a cause worth investing in.’”

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Student Kathleen Merritt in Savasana pose.

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Yoga students sit and breathe deeply at Saimavik.

Lamothe put the word out she wanted to live in the North, and landed a job as day camp co-ordinator with the City of Iqaluit. She bought a four-wheeler, and was soon out on the land, breathing in the cool air, and chilling at all-night bonfires. But choosing the North had its rough patches. Lamothe’s departure from Canadian Floormasters’ crew in Ottawa was turbulent - a story she doesn’t want to talk about, only saying: “It will come out in a book I write someday.” Even though Lamothe was well educated, having graduated from Algonquin College’s Recreation Facility Management program, she admits she was “not sure initially what would happen” in Iqaluit. After her muchloved day camp experience, she found a job leading a tobacco reduction program in the territory, and for the last six years has worked for the Government of Nunavut as a physical activity specialist. But today she says she’s not a “government person,” adding, “It’s too big a ship to steer.”

Melanie Lalonde, Lamothe’s best friend since childhood in Ottawa, is proud of Lamothe’s daring moves up North. “If anyone can do it, it’s her,” says Lalonde. “She can take a kid who is going down the wrong path and be the first to point it out, to talk to them about it. She wants to keep them occupied and focused on themselves instead of bad influences.” When Lalonde first heard her best friend was moving to Iqaluit, she thought, “I will never see her again!” But Lamothe makes a point of visiting whenever possible, and Lalonde is grateful. “You soak up her energy when you’re around her. She brings it out of you. Every time I see her I’m always so happy. You just feed off her energy.” Lalonde recalls her pal valiantly trying to school her on dance routines popularized by Fresh Prince of Bel Air and DJ Jazzy Jeff as early as Grade 4 in Kanata. “She’d be teaching me all the steps in the schoolyard,” Lalonde says, laughing. “She picked it up like it was nothing.” Lamothe’s success will flow from who she truly is at heart, says Lalonde. “I know she’ll do well, becoming her own boss and having her own business. Taking care of herself and the people around her, that’s what she does best.” “In the world of breakdancing, I believe that when you can battle with other people, you’re pretty tough,” says Ottawa-based yoga teacher and life coach Ichih Wang, talking with fondness about Lamothe. “Christine is tough.” Wang was Lamothe’s teacher at the Rama Lotus Yoga Centre in Ottawa, and could see that the dancer from Crystal Beach was not your average yoga student. “She was very keen, diligent and focused,” Wang recalls. “Yet free and expressive. She would always talk to me before class, and ask questions after class. And a friendship built on that. She looks at you

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© SAIMAVIK STUDIO

with those piercing blue eyes and says, ‘I’m here for you.’ And it sparkles. It’s clear. It’s clean. She invites you in.” Sami Elkout, owner of The Flavor Factory Urban Dance School in Ottawa has known Lamothe for 13 years and calls the creation of the Saimavik studio “the best direction for her. She definitely did a lot of work like that in Ottawa. She helped me out a lot.” Elkout manages a professional bboy group and spent time in Whitehorse as a project manager for a national youth breakdancing forum. Elkout has never been to Nunavut, but says it will be much easier to plan a trip now that Saimavik is a reality. “I think it’s great,” he says. “ I can’t wait to go up there and see it.” With the nickname ‘Lil*Bear’ (asterisk intentional) it is easy to assume Lamothe was named in the North. Originally known as ‘Tactix’ in the breakdance world, an old dancing rival-turned-friend in Ottawa thought she looked more like a little bear when she danced on her hands, and the name clicked, years before Iqaluit was even a glint in her eye. “It’s perfect,” Lamothe says simply. “I’ve always loved Aboriginal culture,” she adds. “This was my opportunity to get back to the earth. I was too disconnected in Ottawa. I could meditate and do yoga and be serene in these beautiful spaces. But could I be like that in a difficult place to live? So I demanded from the universe that I be sent somewhere where I could test what I’ve cultivated in myself.” Hip-hop dancers operating in an underground way in Iqaluit gravitate towards Lamothe wherever she is. Recently, Saila Qayaq and Benny Sanguya were spinning and balancing on their hands at Saimavik as a funky mix of DJ music and James Brown thumped out of computer speakers in the corner. Wearing a worn-in Bob Marley tank top and red sneakers, Lamothe shared the floor with the guys, dancing on her hands like it was the most natural thing to do. For years, these underground breakdancers would work on their steps wherever they could, mostly at the Catholic community hall. Even without a full-time dance space, they were good enough to perform at the recent Indspire awards in July/August 2014

© SAIMAVIK STUDIO

Toonik Tyme fans of Saimavik jump for joy on the sea ice.

Winnipeg on stage with 20 dancers and singers. It is clear watching them dance that Saimavik lives up to its name — Place of Happiness — as far as they’re concerned. “It’s more homey,” says Qayaq, comparing the new studio to their old dance space in Iqaluit. “I feel free when I’m dancing,” he says, adding, “I was never this physically fit before I started breakdancing.” They both want to dance forever. “I like being healthy and staying in shape,” Sanguya says. Lamothe knows she can’t “save” everyone, her friend Wang says, but has created a space where people can dance, do yoga and let go. “She’s a pioneer,” says Wang. “I’ve watched her evolve and grow into this incredible teacher and businesswoman. She’s a strong, courageous woman. She is kind and funny and genuine. She continues to learn, and she takes her learning and shares it with her community. She walks the talk.” Lamothe still takes time for her own yoga practise, grabbing a few moments by herself in the studio when she can. But dancing for her is a different story. It’s always a communal activity. “I like people too much,” she laughs. “I don’t dance alone.”

Blocks and mats ready for use at Saimavik Studio.

Kathleen Lippa moved to Iqaluit in 2003 and was the editor of Nunavut News/North. Now a freelance writer, she lives in Ottawa and Iqaluit.

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On July 22, 1963, I was a five-year-old boy in small-town Illinois. Of course at this half-century distance I have no memory of what I was doing on that particular summer day. Fishing for sunfish, swimming, and swatting at a baseball are all pretty good bets. I do know that on that day in the eastern Yukon an American mountain climber named Arnold Wexler, along with two other climbers, Don Hubbard and Mike Banks, boarded the floatplane they had chartered at Watson Lake – for $60 an hour, including fuel. They had made a flight the previous day, but had been turned back by poor visibility and low cloud. The bush pilot was confident that conditions had improved, and the weather proved him out. About mid-morning the heavily loaded Cessna 180 skimmed the surface of the “inner lake” perched above Hole-in-the-Wall Lake, on the steep ramparts of the southern Ragged Range in the Northwest Territories.

RAGGED RANGE RE-VISITED A 50-year anniversary in the high peaks of Nahanni By Dave Olesen Photos by Liv and Dave Olesen Dave enjoying the late-August sun on the slope of Mt. Aries. We backed off this climb because of unstable loose rock higher up.

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The two-place Husky floatplane, our ride to Lonely Lake. Hole in the Wall valley out beyond the tail.

On that day 50 years ago, only a few mountaineers had ventured into the southern Ragged Range. John Milton had logged some first ascents there in 1960, and Wexler had researched some of Milton’s accounts in the Canadian Alpine Journal. Eight years earlier, in 1955, Wexler had climbed in the Cirque of the Unclimbables, which lies about 40 kilometres to the north. As the plane lifted off from Lonely Lake, to return one more time the next day with a load of gear and another climber, Sterling Hendricks, a glorious 25-day adventure began. Most of the peaks were

un-named, and almost every possible route to their summits was unknown and untested. Wexler and his three companions were in their element. On August 26, 2013, half a century after Wexler and his buddies flew in from Watson Lake, the floats of my little two-passenger Aviat Husky splashed down on the inner lake, now named Lonely Lake or Lost Lake. I fly small bush-planes for a living, based at our home northeast of Yellowknife, so my own “charter” was easy to arrange, but even as a non-revenue flight it certainly dented the bank account for a lot more than those long-ago rates of 60 dollars an hour. In the passenger seat behind me was my 14-year-old daughter Liv. Crammed into the plane’s small baggage compartments and float hatches was a somewhat comical overload of camping, hiking and basic climbing gear, along with plenty of extra fuel for camp stove and airplane. Right behind Liv’s seat, stuffed into a bear-proof metal keg (for safe storage at our base camp) was a supply of food for at least nine days, and longer than that if we stretched it. I had flown in and out of these mountains a few times before, up at Glacier Lake and the more famous Cirque, and I knew that a week-long trip at the onset of autumn could easily become much longer than anticipated. Already at the start of the trip we had been delayed by weather and had whiled away most of the first two days in Yellowknife and Fort Simpson. When at last the more experienced mountain pilots of Fort Simpson starting taking off and heading west, we followed suit. Say the word “Nahanni” and most people immediately think “river.” For me the word conjures images of high peaks, breathtaking ridges, thick stiff boots and funny round-topped orange helmets. I have yet to dip a paddle into the Nahanni River itself. Perhaps I never will, and that would be all right too — life is short, and in what remains of mine I suspect I will continue my love affair with the high country above the river’s alpine tributaries.

Nearing camp in the Cirque of the Tarns. Capricorn is the peak left of centre on the skyline.

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The peak called First Guardsman above our base camp, emerging from the dawn fog on the third morning of our trip.

Tucked away among the glaciers, cirques, and passes of the NWT’s border with Yukon are hundreds of magnificent peaks. Mount Sir James MacBrian (named for an officer of the R.C.M.P.), which towers as part of the wall ringing the famous Cirque of the Unclimbables, was for decades thought to be the highest peak in the NWT. (Mt. Logan is of course the highest peak in the Yukon, and in Canada.) In recent years it has been confirmed that a wickedly steep ice-flanked summit called Nirvana, rising about 10 miles due west of Lonely Lake, is actually 50 feet higher than MacBrian. Both summits are just over 9,000 feet above sea level, but if that doesn’t sound very impressive one must consider that they rise almost a mile vertically from the cirques and passes surrounding them. From my journal that first night:

features of the landscape — peaks, creeks, cirques, and ridges. Any further reconnaissance would have to wait until we could see more than a few hundred yards through the fog and drizzle. We were itching to get going, but it was no day for a real climb. In mid-morning we convinced ourselves that the rain had eased a little, and ventured out for a three-hour ramble. The rain proved once again that there truly is no such thing as “rain gear.” Soaked and shivering as we took a lunch snack and the rain turned to wet snow, we retreated downhill like a couple of wet puppies. Liv wrote in her journal:

“Once we had tied up the plane and secured it for the week, Liv used the satellite phone to leave a brief ‘safe arrival’ message at home. We shuttled loads up to our chosen tent site, and cached some of the gear beneath a huge overhanging boulder. After a brief but frenzied search for the binoculars we found them hiding in the cook pot bag and settled in to our dinner of home-baked Cowboy Calzones followed by cookies. We took turns scanning the mountainsides and revelling in the view. After supper as we sipped our tea we heard the approaching grunt of a bull moose very nearby, and then spotted him in the willows of the creek just north of us. He paused and gave us a long look at him, and at one of the biggest racks of antlers I have seen in a long time. Simply a magnificent animal. He quickened his pace for a while after spotting the airplane tied up on shore, and splashed across the shallows into shoreline brush on the north side of Lonely Lake. Now it is raining more steadily and we may be in for a soaker. Good to be here after all of the weather delays and our miles of flying... we now will have only six nights here, but we will make the most of it.”

“After a final desperate push through knotted willows, creeks, and potholes, we arrived back at the tent... it was a relief to peel off the layers of soppy clothing and get dry once more. Sat back and drank a rich cup of cocoa while engaged in an intense game of chess. I was victorious...”

The next morning we woke to a steady downpour, and we both took another look through some of Wexler’s 1963 journal, re-copied by a friend of ours from the archives of the Whyte Museum of the Canadian Rockies in Banff. Now that we were actually on the ground, Liv and I tried to sleuth out Wexler’s names for the various prominent July/August 2014

Rest stop on the ascent into the high cirque; Rainbow Peak and the notch of Hole in the Wall valley out in the distance.

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August 1963, Wexler’s “camp flats” at the moraine above Cirque of the Tarns. — note contrast of greenery in the 2013 photo. Whyte Museum of the Canadian Rockies (v52-ns13-10-29, Wexler, Arnold)

Even in the low cloud and steady rain we had seen plenty of choices for the coming days, but we would need to wait until the rocks and slopes dried a little bit. We had no aspirations for any technical climbing, with rappel descents and lead climbs, and in fact I had sworn a solemn oath to my dear wife that there would be no such vertical gymnastics on this trip. In such terrain the line between prudence and risk is always vague, though, and some risk is always there. There is no help at hand and for me that is one of the profound spiritual pleasures of it all, especially in this misbegotten modern era of safety briefings, lawsuits and policy manuals.

Fifty years ago on Wexler’s 1963 trip there was no such thing as a satellite telephone, a Personal Locator Beacon, a Spot Tracker or any of the other communication gee-gaws of today’s back-country traveller. Wexler’s itemized equipment list makes no mention at all of outside communication, not even an HF “bush radio” for base camp. They assessed their options, made their ambitious forays and ascents, backpacked heavy loads of re-supplies up to high camps away from their base, climbed and backed down when they felt it was wise to do so. After 25 days they returned to the lake and awaited the sound of the incoming plane. What marvellous simplicity! It strikes me that many of the northern canoeists and adventurers I meet and drop off as a part of my own air charter work could take a valuable lesson from that bygone era. Don Hubbard, one the four climbers in Wexler’s group, injured a rib on the first big climb of their expedition, on day two, and put himself right out of the climbing picture for the duration. Wexler makes sporadic offhand references to him in his journal with entries including “Don was still unable to join us in action. He remained in camp all day, walking along the lakeshore, observing the beavers, ducks, and fish... He says he can hear and feel his rib popping in and out of place...” and on day Seven: “Don is in fine spirits and is fishing for trout with a piton as a sinker. The fish display more interest in the piton than in the baited hook.” So fifty years later I have to wonder — if a satellite phone from the future had suddenly been time-warped into Wexler’s base camp gear, would Don have called for that $120 charter flight back out to Watson Lake? Not sure, and we cannot know. But in those days he did the logical thing; he simply opted out of the strenuous climbing and — from the sounds of it — ended up thoroughly enjoying his three weeks of low-key rambling, which included at least two long walks downstream to a hot springs on Hole-in-the-Wall Creek. As days stretched into weeks, Arnold and Mike and Sterling continued an ambitious program of coming and going from base camp on reconnaissance and first ascents, naming peaks and features as they went. Their climbing was not extremely technical, by the sounds of Wexler’s journal, but having been in the area now, I have much respect for what they did. It was all untried, as his journal from August 10 reflects:

August 2013, Wexler’s Cirque of the Tarns “camp flats” — contrast this to Wexler’s 1963 photo, which we tried to match.

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Our upper camp. Peaks from left to right are: The Citadel, Wolf’s Fang with the First Guardsman juxtaposed beneath it, and Peak Wex.

“Our first possible route was a forty foot finger tip layback in a shallow vertical crack. Examination convinced us that we would have difficulty both with the climbing and security. So we retreated, traversed right, found a broken chimney-like pitch for twenty feet and traversed back to the left to another twenty-foot chimney. A few more feet and we were on top of a fine peak with a fine view. The weather still near perfect. Nahanni and Savage and other Rabbitkettle peaks loomed large and impressive.” — Arnold Wexler On August 28, the real day two of our trip, the sun crested the steep V of the valley below us and quickly shredded the thick dawn fog. A light snow had fallen overnight, dusting our camp and all the high peaks. Camp was soon melted clean by the sun but the peaks shimmered fresh and white all day. We were speechless with awe as the first full 360° sweep of our surroundings was bathed in the rich warm light of our wonderful star. Sodden clothing quickly festooned our climbing rope strung between trees, and by mid-morning we were away up the steep slope north of camp, aiming for the towering west ridge of Wolf ’s Fang. As the climb progressed we tried to follow the most obvious route clues. We were soon both wearing our rock-fall helmets. At one narrow gully just under the ridge, a short pitch seemed to demand a quick around-thewaist rope, at least to allay my fatherly instincts. Liv appreciated the short belay but assured me that we were not breaking the covenant of “no technical stuff.” In her journal she wrote that night “The sturdy ground slipped away to unsteady rocks and clumps of plants. The further we climbed, the more my nerves fluttered. I reached the point where I just had to focus on the immediate task and not worry about what lay ahead or behind.” “Wolf ’s Molar” was the name we gave our high point that day, a prominent lump along the granite jawbone which sweeps up to the sharp pinnacle of Wolf ’s Fang. We both had the urge to climb higher but at the same time we were keenly aware of our isolation and we knew that we were already approaching the bounds of our abilities. We descended, and in its lower reaches the descent became a different sort of challenge. Angling east across the broad slope we chose a route down through a steep gully choked with willow and dwarf birch, culminating in a stripped-down skivvies-only wading of the icy creek just north of camp. The weather was clear and blue again the next day. We were keen to visit Wexler’s “Cirque of the Tarns” and to follow the little creek drainage up to the southwest. There was nothing remotely resembling a trail, and some very thick low brush of willow and dwarf birch made the going tough as the creek tumbled past an ancient beaver lodge and a 20’ waterfall. It was a steep ascent with heavy packs, but nothing more than a steep walk, and by evening we had found a lovely tent site high up in the cradle of the July/August 2014

Liv on the top of the dramatic spur dubbed “Peak Wex” by the Wexler party in 1963. An easy walk up the back side, with an 1800-foot drop off the front face. She is pointing at Wolf’s Fang.

cirque, on soft dry moss well past all the underbrush. Like Wexler and friends the extremely wet and spongy lichen had amazed us at our Lonely Lake base camp and we were glad to make camp on drier terrain. Very fresh grizzly sign had kept us on the lookout all the way up, but the largest mammals we caught sight of were two nimble mountain goats high on the prow of the knob called Peak Wex, after Wexler himself. We also sighted and heard two of my favourite Ragged Range critters, the Hoary Marmot and the Rock Pica, scampering in and out of the boulders, whistling and peeping at us as we passed. From that camp high in the Cirque of the Tarns we climbed for another full day, scrambling up to the easy but

Liv on descent from the west ridge of Wolf’s Fang. The Guardsmen peaks below, the Cirque of the Tarns beyond.

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Liv at a clump of conifers on the slope above our high camp. Capricorn is the peak on the skyline.

satisfying summit of Peak Wex, and then climbing and prudently retreating from the south approach to Mount Aries. Our time was already ticking away, and with our weather delay at the start of the trip my return to work commitments was looming all too near. After two nights up high, we descended again to the lake and the plane. On the morning of September 1, we knew that we needed to fly out, but the weather seemed to have other ideas. At mid-afternoon the clouds broke open enough for us to see east down the valley to Hole in the Wall creek, and in showers of cold rain we loaded the plane and taxied down to the far end of the lake for our lift-off. A steep circle over our campsite, and we were climbing past Storm Dome to the drainage of Pass Creek and the Flat River. A few hours later we were out of the mountains for another year... but the mountains were not out of us. Credit to the Whyte Museum of the Canadian Rockies in Banff for permissions to excerpt Arnold Wexler’s journal and for reproduction of his photos. Thanks to Liz Demers for her visits to the Whyte Museum and for transcribing Wexler’s log for us. Dave Olesen lives with wife Kristen and two daughters at the northeast tip of Great Slave Lake, where they operate Hoarfrost River Huskies, a small air-charter business and a kennel of sled dogs. Dave’s next book, Kinds of Winter will be published by Wilfrid Laurier University Press in November. Above: Dave makes a whopping effort at carbo-loading after descent to base camp August 31.

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Mike Banks atop Mt. Aries, 1963. Whyte Museum of the Canadian Rockies (v52-ns13-10-13, Wexler, Arnold)

Sterling Hendricks and Mike Banks, 1963. Whyte Museum of the Canadian Rockies (v52-ns13-5-13a, Wexler, Arnold)

Fifty years ago, Nahanni was the name of a river, but not of a National Park. Today, this entire area is under the oversight, protection, and regulations of Parks Canada. To that reality I must admit mixed feelings. I remember my first three trips into the Cirque of the Unclimbables, before that area was added to the recently expanded park. The memories are of an unfettered, unregulated outing — and of true freedom. Now that place, like the Hole-in-the-Wall and Lonely Lake drainage, is under the management and jurisdiction of Parks Canada. On one hand it is a great comfort to know that the place is inviolate — or at least as inviolate as any landscape can be from tourist and industrial incursions. Thankfully there are now some limits on “approved” uses of the high country. We carefully planned and researched our trip. It is such a pleasure to travel free from permissions and regulations, guided by plain old common sense and a respectful set of backcountry camping practices. Perhaps it is naïve to think that these would be enough. Likely, it is. The Parks people were a pleasure to deal with during the applications, permissions and fees process. The park use fee was reasonable, viewed in light of all the other expenses involved in such a trip. D.O. July/August 2014


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e are going to travel through time,” shouts geologist Nicole Rayner over the rotor wash of the helicopter, “We’re going to travel a billion years between now and the next stop!” I follow a team of five geologists as we duck under the spinning blades and pile into the helicopter. We put on our headsets, check to see that we have all of our bags of rock samples and our topographic maps, and lift off into the air. We are leaving behind a beautiful valley surrounded by glaciers. Rounded granite hills mold down into u-shaped valleys, a landscape that is telling of its long history. The Hall Peninsula just north of Iqaluit is the focus of this team’s geology mapping project, a two-year program led by the Canada-Nunavut Geoscience Office meant to increase geological knowledge of the area and provide up-to-date bedrock and surficial geology maps. The valley disappearing behind us has some of the oldest rocks in Canada, originating from the Archean Eon 2.8 billion years ago when the atmosphere had no oxygen and life was limited to single-celled organisms. I’m travelling with five geologists: Rayner, Holly Steenkamp, Zoe Braden, Marc St-Onge, and Brendan Dyck. Sitting knee-to-knee in the back of the helicopter, they all sport similar outfits: Hiking boots, well-used over the dozens of kilometres they have already traversed in the past month, sweaters and bright red vests with many pockets to store pens and cameras and the handheld field-computer used for taking field notes, a hand-lens attached around their necks by a piece of string that is used to inspect rocks, and a hat or sunglasses protecting against the summer sun.

Boots on the Bedrock Mapping the geology of Hall Peninsula Text and photos by Katriina O’Kane

Opposite: Crenulations (small jagged patterns in the rock) visible on this rock face are evidence of the ancient mountain building event. The 1.8 billion year old event resulted in mountains that were the size of the modern Himalayas.

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We pass over an ice field, an endless plane of white stretching to the horizon, and touch down on the snowy hills of the other side. “Now we are in a sequence of younger rocks,” explains veteran geologist St-Onge, who has been studying the Arctic since 1974, “these alternating sequences were morphed during the mountain building event 1.8 billion years ago.” He paints a picture of the Himalayan-sized mountains that used to cover this area, called the Trans-Hudson Orogeny. Part of the objective of the team’s project is to study this mountain-building event. Dyck, originally from Canada but who is currently a PhD student at Oxford University, spends part of his time in Nepal studying the Himalayas. “There’s a lot of similarities in the deformation and mineralogy,” explains Dyck, “We’ve had three recognizable massive continental collisions in Earth’s history, and this was the first one. The Himalayas are part of the ongoing process making the fourth one.” The other objective of the project is to update the low-resolution geological maps that were made back in the 1960s. The high cost of doing fieldwork in the Arctic means that, geologically, large parts of Nunavut remain frontiers in terms of mapping and exploration. Satellite imagery has helped in recent years to delineate boundaries between rock types, but geologists still need to collect samples to determine what the rocks are made of and how old they are. To do this, these bedrock mappers spend their days hiking seven to eight kilometre lines, collecting rock samples that progressively make their backpacks heavier. The maps this project is generating will be used primarily by land-use planners and mining companies. Peregrine Diamonds Ltd. has already been exploring and prospecting in the area since 2005, due to its high concentration of kimberlite pipes which sometimes contain diamonds. Following analyses over the winter, the geologists also found elevated levels of copper, nickel, molybenum and iron in some of the rock samples. And perhaps their most exciting find, eleven good quality carving stone sites. This project adds to the attention Nunavut has been receiving from the mineral industry. Nunavut has only one operational mine at the moment, the Meadowbank Gold Mine near Baker Lake, which began operating in 2010. But a lot more is happening. The Mary River iron ore mine above & beyond

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Rayner overlooks a glacier valley. The rocks in this valley are 2.8 billion years old, from a time when the atmosphere had no oxygen and life was limited to single-celled organisms.

Braden (left) and St-Onge (right) sit in the back of the helicopter. With no roads, the team relies on air transport to move around Hall Peninsula, which is about the size of Vancouver Island.

on northern Baffin Island is scheduled to begin production in September 2014, and in 2013, $270.2 million was spent on exploration and deposit appraisal in the territory, making it the fourth largest investment region in Canada. The 32 active exploration projects in 2013 included gold, base metal, iron, uranium, diamond, and coal, with six of these projects in the advanced phase of undergoing the environmental assessment process. These massive investments will undoubtedly lead to job opportunities and prosperity for northerners in Nunavut. Elizabeth Kingston, the general manager of NWT and Nunavut Chamber of Mines, estimates that if all the advanced exploration projects succeed, as many as 5,000 mining jobs could be created in Nunavut in the next five to 10 years. However, only about 30 per cent of jobs at both Meadowbank and Mary River are held by Inuit at the moment. 36

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Steenkamp (left) and Braden (right) collect rocks from an interesting outcrop.

Mining activities are not only good news. A recent report from The Conference Board of Canada warns that despite job opportunities, “the history of mining [in Canada’s North] is also marked by mines that have closed or been abandoned — creating legacies of environmental problems, struggling communities, and ghost towns.” Ongoing problems with arsenic contamination at the abandoned gold Giant Mine near Yellowknife, or the high cost of cleaning up contaminated water and dust from the Faro lead, zinc, silver and gold mine that has fallen into government responsibility are just two examples of the negative long-term effects that poorly managed mines can have. Other concerns revolve around affecting important breeding habitats or disrupting migration pathways of Arctic animals. Although rigorous environmental review processes and mine closure planning is now part of the process in Nunavut, careful preparatory research, honest reporting and listening closely to the communities’ concerns are still important to ensure the long-term benefits outweigh the costs. July/August 2014


Tremblay (left) and Macintyre (centre) show off their soap stone carvings. Qillaq (right) has been teaching them how to carve, passing on the skills he learned from his father.

A day of fieldwork ends in a Geowrap, where all the geologists show their findings for the day, and discuss how this fits into the larger understanding of the area they have been creating.

The day winds down and we head back to the camp. A lonely group of blue-roofed plywood cabins and orange-and-white dome tents sit next to an ice-covered lake. To untrained eyes, there is nothing else around. We meet up with the rest of the team — nine other students and geologists who have spent their day marching along their own traverses — and at five o’clock, everyone gathers around a table covered with that day’s finds. “This is our daily routine,” explains Steenkamp, “In the Geo-wrap everyone shares what they saw, their interpretations, they ask any questions, and we talk about how it fits in to the overall picture we have been building.” “The most valuable part of a map is the interpretation,” Rayner chips in. Then they dive into excited discussions about “mafic tonalites” and “asymmetric crenulations”. After dinner, camp manager Sandy Macintyre and geologist Tommy Tremblay bring out their soap stone carvings. Mannasie Qillaq, also a camp manager and originally from Clyde River, has been teaching Macintyre and Tremblay how to carve. “He did pretty well! This is the kind of shininess that I want to see,” says Qillaq referring to Macintyre’s seal carving. They have been practicing their patience on soapstone that Tremblay brought back from the field. The sun has set, and it is starting to turn the clouds shades of fiery orange and red, as purple creeps up from the other side. The colours enchant me down to the water’s

edge, where I gaze into the quiet hills. Picking up a stone, I try to skip it across the small patch of open water next to the shore. I pick up another, but then my eye catches its patterns of folds and colours. Well before the Dorset Culture peoples, well before dinosaurs, we would have been camping on a mountain peak. My imagination trails off into the far future of another billion years. I perch myself onto a rock, content with this humble feeling of awe that the day has evoked. Katriina O’Kane is a documentary-maker living in Montreal. Trained as a scientist, she is currently completing a web-documentary about scientists working in Canada’s Arctic: www.arcticprofiles.ca.

© KATRIINA O’KANE (6)

An Arctic poppy blooms under the fiery red clouds of the sunset.

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CAREERS

© JOHN HOUSTON

What’s it like to work on an Arctic Expedition Ship?

People from all over the world are becoming increasingly interested in the Arctic and its people, and are choosing to explore the North by expedition ship.

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Skilled, experienced, and knowledgeable Inuit are in demand as eco-tour guides throughout the North. This is an overview of what it’s like to work on an expedition ship, what is required for such a job, and the rewards and challenges, as seen through the eyes of experienced Inuit resource staff. They have found that the same skills needed for this kind of work open doors to many other opportunities, outlined below. For over 25 years, Adventure Canada has hired and trained Inuit to work as resource staff aboard their Arctic voyages. Not only do these Inuit share their culture and expertise with fellow travellers, they teach them how to greet and behave with Inuit in the communities. If you greet people in a warm and welcoming way, it helps open hearts and opportunities for cross-cultural sharing. Andrew Qappik, a renowned Pangnirtung print-maker, says he likes to teach cruise ship passengers the facial expressions Inuit use when they greet one another. Senior resource staffers, Aaju Peter and John Houston, share a welcoming ceremony on board, lighting the qulliq (seal oil lamp) while they tell gentle stories of the importance Inuit place on welcoming visitors. In the old days it was a matter of life or death to welcome travellers in from the bitter cold to share in your warmth, light, food, and hospitality. The passengers learn that welcoming, and in turn, being welcomed, is central to Inuit culture. Andrew Qappik has worked for Adventure Canada for five seasons. Like all resource staff, Andrew does many jobs on board. He gives workshops on printmaking, shares his knowledge of Inuit culture, shuttles people to shore in a zodiac July/August 2014

© REE BRENNIN HOUSTON

ave you ever wondered what it would be like to work on an expedition ship? People from all over the world are becoming increasingly interested in the Arctic and its people, and are choosing to explore the North by expedition ship.

Jimmy A. Qaapik (zodiac driver, polar bear guard, and cultural interpreter) shares with passengers a 10,000 year old “bergie bit” he wrangled from the water for their drinks aboard.

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© JOHN HOUSTON

CAREERS

© REE BRENNIN HOUSTON (3)

Resource Staffers Aaju Peter and her son Kaalinnguaq heading ashore for polar bear watch while hikers explore the tundra.

A Greenlandic family gets a tour of the expedition ship after performing for visitors in their community.

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for wilderness hikes and may be asked to serve as a bear monitor. He says a typical day begins very early in the morning chatting with keen passengers on deck before he attends the pre-breakfast staff meeting. At the staff meeting they determine who will scout the shore for polar bears, drive zodiacs, carry guns for polar bear guard duty, and who will give lectures and workshops and on what topics — like the history of the early Arctic explorers. While on board Andrew also works late into the evenings to produce additional prints for those eager to purchase an art treasure to take home. Aaju Peter has worked with Adventure Canada since 2001. She is a seal skin fashion designer, lawyer, recipient of the Order of Canada, advocate for Inuit and women’s rights, mother of five grown children, and now a proud grandmother of three. While on board she gives talks on Inuit justice and Inuit culture, and she teaches everyone to sing beautiful songs in Inuktitut, like “Amazing Grace,” which they perform for people in the communities. Aaju drives zodiacs, carries her own rifle while on polar bear guard duty, and serves as a translator for the elders. I asked Aaju what she likes best about this work and she replies, “You get to see the most amazing scenery in the Arctic!” She also appreciates the opportunity to visit her native Greenland. Aaju says it’s a real privilege to see Inuit who live in other countries like Greenland, and getting to visit the towns by sea is a completely different and very rewarding experience. A big part of the role of resource staff is to socialize with the passengers and carry on discussions during meals, on deck, and while hiking on the land. “You are on 24/7,” says July/August 2014


© JOHN HOUSTON

CAREERS

Safely handling the zodiacs from launch to shore to return, is a challenging and rewarding skill that can be learned.

Dave Freeze, one of the founders of Adventure Canada who is now in charge of Guide Training and Development. Dave talks about the need to have both “hard skills” like public speaking, zodiac driving, gun handling, and first aid training, as well as “soft skills”. For example, “You need to be able to talk about your background and share your experience in an engaging way with passengers from many different countries and cultures,” says Dave. Another example of a “soft skill,” Dave explains, is when you take time to help an older person ambling along a beach, staying with that person to make them feel both safe and special. Aaju says that one of the challenging parts of her job is how much talking you have to do. Inuit, she says, don’t talk all that much, but visitors from the south want to talk with you a lot. Even when you are tired and are being bombarded with questions, you have to be courteous and take the time to carefully and sincerely answer all their questions. The up side, Aaju says, is how much you learn from the questions people ask and the perspectives they share. Having a good sense of humour July/August 2014

and not taking yourself too seriously is also very important for the job, she explains, and can lead to a lot of fun — like the dress-up Disco dance at Greenland’s “Disko Bay”! More and more, young Inuit with a gung-ho attitude are being recruited to work in this industry. They are being hired because of the skills, knowledge and experience they already possess, and then they are given further training. Take Jenna Andersen from Nunatsiavut, for example. She joined the Junior Rangers at age 12 and worked up to the level of Sergeant by the time she was 18. Through this program she received remarkable training and certifications: first aid, wilderness first aid, kayaking, zodiac driving and a small craft operator’s certification. She was also taught how to shoot and earned her firearms possession and acquisition licence. The Junior Rangers train in all seasons, learning to camp out on the land, using and maintaining ATVs, skidoos, and qamuti (sleds). But it is attitude more than anything else that matters in this business, after all “gung-ho” is derived from a Chinese expression meaning “work together — work in harmony,”

Resource staffers Anguti Johnston and Ree Brennin Houston laugh with Greenlandic children at their fishing camp on a remote island in SW Greenland (The syllabics on Anguti’s shirt read: “I am Inuk”) Photo taken by one of the Greenlandic children.

which is also an ancient Inuit value. Jenna’s enthusiasm, team spirit, and leadership skills landed her a series of jobs in the cruise and eco-tour business. Through an email, Jenna learned of a sixweek training program with Cruise North. Within the week, she was hired and that summer, and the following summer when she above & beyond

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CAREERS

© REE BRENNIN HOUSTON (2)

Resource staffer Aaju Peter (lower right) stages a fashion show of designer seal skin clothing using expedition passengers as models. Aaju’s design work and advocacy promote appreciation of the central role the seal occupies in Inuit culture.

Andrew Qappik (artist and zodiac driver) takes people ashore while the international crew lower boats and load passengers.

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was hired back, Jenna learned to do “every job on the ship except drive the ship”. During her college years she completed a two-year Community Recreation Leadership program at Newfoundland’s College of the North Atlantic, and went on to complete a four-year degree in Outdoor Recreation, Parks, and Tourism at Lakehead University in Ontario. Jenna used her summer employment wisely to gain further experience and training. On the cruise ship, she progressed quickly through the ranks until she was an Assistant Expedition Leader. This experience led to jobs working as the Hospitality Coordinator for the Torngat Mountains Base Camp and Research Station, then working for Adventure Canada, and then Jenna landed a permanent job as Promotions Officer in Nain with Parks Canada. What Jenna loves most about this work is the chance to promote Inuit culture, provide positive messages about her people, and model what strong Inuit women can do. When asked what advice she would give to young Inuit who want to work in tourism, Jenna says, “If there is something you want to do, don’t be afraid to ask the people who are in the business and how they got to where they are today. There may be funding and opportunities available. Use your summer jobs as a chance to get to where you want to go.” Jason Edmunds is an Inuk from Nunatsiavut. His story is similar to Jenna’s. In 2010 he was offered a chance to participate in a training program with Adventure Canada.The instructor, Jack Seigel, taught the five Inuit trainees interpretive techniques — how to share cultural and natural history knowledge with others in a way that is relevant and meaningful. Jason had to learn public speaking, something he knows many Inuit are not comfortable with, but he says you can learn it and master it with practice. July/August 2014


CAREERS Jason worked in the Adventure Canada office in 2011, and on board the expeditions the following seasons. Because of his knowledge of Adventure Canada field operations, combined with his education and job experience, Jason was offered a position scheduling and managing all of Adventure Canada’s resource staff. When asked what he looks for when hiring, Jason shares this. First and foremost he asks what expertise a person has. Science interpreters usually have a specialty in geology, birds, wildlife, plants, or marine biology. When hiring cultural interpreters, in addition to their knowledge, Jason also looks for another dimension of interest such as throat singing, drum dancing, art, film-making, acting, or working with Inuit youth. He is seeking interesting, multi-faceted people who are good at public speaking, personable, and willing to pitch in to do anything required. He points out that even the Canadian icon, author Margaret Atwood, leaps in to help people with their life jackets and luggage when she works on these trips. Jason offers this further advice, “Get your education. At the very least it teaches you how to learn.” Young Inuit often take what they know for granted, but stories about Inuit history, stories you hear from your elders, stories about what it’s like growing up in the North are all of great interest to visitors.“Don’t be shy, there is no reason you can’t share a story you heard from someone else. Make yourself an asset,” Jason says, “this is some-

thing you need to strive for; it will not fall in your lap.” With the same knowledge, skills, and experience required to land a job working on an expedition ship you can also do many other things. Arctic expedition ships operate only in the summer months, so it won’t support you year ‘round. Just like traditional hunting, in different seasons you have to switch to different prey. If you think of your career like a hunter-gatherer, you can put together different seasonal jobs for a rewarding livelihood. Resource staff who work on expedition ships do just that. With the same or similar skills, you can also work as an actor in theatre, television, or movies, like Lamech Kadloo and Ipellie Ootoova. Or you could work with Inuit youth, as Lynda Brown, Anguti Johnston, and Becky Kilabuk do. You could work in parks and tourism as Jenna Andersen does, or start your own guiding or eco-tour business like Jimmy Manning and Jimmy Qaapik. As seen through the eyes of these Inuit, there is a good living to be made learning about and sharing knowledge of your culture and your land, whether it is on an expedition ship, welcoming tourists to your home town, portraying your culture on film, or running your own guiding company. The rest of the world is mighty curious about the last wild places on earth. And who better to show them around than the descendants of the very people who have lived there for thousands of years!

© LARRY FRANK

Ree Brennin Houston

Participants in the Adventure Canada Guide Training Course aboard Adventure Canada’s Arctic expedition ship in the summer of 2010. Photo taken on Beechey Island, NU. Left to Right: Jason Edmunds, Jack Seigel (Instructor), Trougott Nochasak, Dorothy Angnatok, Jessica Sheppard, and Zippie Nochasak.

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Š DAVID REID

ADVENTURE

Vagabonds A family experience like no other

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or parents Eric and France Brossier and their daughters Leonie and Aurore, family life is a little different than most. Mum and Dad still go to work every day, eldest daughter Leonie (six) has to be taken to and dropped off at school and Aurore (four) still enjoys days at home playing, reading and drawing. Groceries and supplies still have to be bought and collected at the nearby store and care still has to be taken when going outside during the cold winter. Most meals are had together and stories, events and happenings of respective days, like many families, are told over dinner at day’s end.

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Home though for the adventurous French family is the 47-ft long polar yacht Vagabond. Presently, the yacht (and family home) is held fast in the sea ice approximately three kilometres from the Eastern Baffin Island community of Qikiqtarjuaq, Nunavut. Vagabond is an expedition yacht designed for sailing in ice. Built in 1978 by Polish design, Eric Brossier purchased her in 1999 and since 2000 Brossier has created, prepared and outfitted it as a unique logistical support vessel, a floating and moving base camp for scientists, adventurers and artists alike. With no keel, the steel-hulled 14-ft wide sailboat is ideally suited

to travelling in and around ice in the Polar Regions. In recent years, starting in 2005, Eric and his wife France Pinczon began over wintering the yacht in Spitsbergen (Svalbard) in the Norwegian Arctic. For five years they made this High Arctic wilderness their home and workplace. With large fuel tanks on board, Vagabond boasts a 5,000 nautical miles range, powered by twin diesel engines. Brossier, a geophysicist, was fascinated to learn more about the environment in which he was now very much a part of. In short, he made the decision to trade the traditional bricks and mortar science laboratory for perhaps the

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© DAVID REID

ADVENTURE

Return of the Springtime sun brings ample light into surprisingly spacious family quarters.

best laboratory of all, certainly the one with the best view! An adventurer his whole life, Eric saw the advantages of being based and living in the field very early on and the benefits (to science) that would result. It gave him the opportunity to combine two of his life passions: adventure and science. Working now with an international collection of science-based organizations, companies, universities and individuals, Brossier and Pinczon are busy people. On the Canadian front, they conduct science experiments, research and studies for Toronto’s York University as well as Laval University in Quebec. Studies are done on an incredibly diverse and fascinating range of topics. Algae bloom,

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sea water salinity, ice thickness, ice density, wildlife, fauna, glaciers, ocean currents to name but a few. And it all makes perfect sense to southern-based scientists and organizations. The cost of doing Arctic science can be staggering and the field season, the window in which the work is done, is often short and fraught with weather and logistic-related issues. With years of related experience and knowledge, scientists from all over the world are happy to entrust Brossier with their work knowing that it’ll be done right. In many instances, the short Arctic summer is the only window scientists have to work on their particular interest. Eric, France along with Vagabond are there for almost the entire year,

giving them unique insight and opportunity to further research and findings. In addition, their valuable work represents a scientific painting over a much broader canvas. It’s also his sense of practicality that often comes into play. On a recent trip about an hour or so snowmobile ride away from the boat, Eric needed to power up his computer to download data that was being collected by a measuring probe he’d placed under the ice. It was a cold day and normally he would rely on using a trusty Coleman stove to warm up the inside of a small cabin on his qamutik, or sled, to allow him to work on the computer. Despite the cold, it was sunny and Eric had carried with him in the sled a musk ox hide to

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© DAVID REID (3)

ADVENTURE

The Brossier's choice of lifestyle provides the perfect platform for year-round environmental science.

act as cushioning for the sensitive equipment as he travelled over the sometimes-rough sea ice. Laying the hide on top of the box, it quickly began to absorb what heat the sun was generating and in turn heated up the inside of the cabin. No need for the naptha-burning Coleman stove that day! At day’s end, Eric returned to Vagabond (picking up Leonie from school on the way) and, along with France, begins the work of analyzing the information and details recorded by the various instruments. Sometimes the work and studies they’re involved in, is right outside their front door and the commute to “the office” is not so far nor as taxing. After five years in Svalbard, the adventurous scientists decided to head to Canada and for

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the 2011-12 winter they anchored Vagabond about 50 km from Grise Fiord, Canada’s most Northerly community. Safe anchorage was key and while it was found west of the community, being that distance away from the community did provide some challenges. The following year they made the decision to again over winter in the Grise Fiord area. This time though they chose to live on the boat, next to the community. One of the characters of Vagabond is that it is a flat-bottomed yacht and has only a 4-ft draught; therefore it was easy to drag it up the beach and then have it secured in place. The family and their yacht then became part of the community for the fall season, the long winter and welcomed spring.

In addition to being a floating laboratory, a research facility, library, classroom, communications hub and an office, Vagabond is a home. Eric met his wife France shortly after purchasing the boat and the two have worked hard to make it a home, not only for themselves but their (now two) daughters. Space for daily life and chores is of course limited, and some might regard the lack of personal space an issue, but the family makes it work and it suits their needs and wants accordingly. Eric admits to liking the dark season but it must come as a relief for everyone when spring arrives and more time can be spent outside. Everything on board has its place and function. Everything is used and it reminds one of just how much we clutter our daily lives and homes with “stuff”. Use is made of the sun through solar panels attached to the mast and wind generators positioned off the stern. The family is very much connected to the outside world. There is the obvious necessity for them to be connected and in contact with fellow scientists. Presently, being so close to the community of Qikiqtarjuaq, the Vagabond has Wi-Fi. Another benefit of being close is that Vagabond welcomes anyone who wishes to visit. Local hunters and fishers are interested in the science that’s being done and enjoy stopping by, even if it’s just for a short visit for tea and to deliver some freshly caught clams. The family have built a relationship with the community, one based on mutual respect and friendship. At a recent community feast, while Eric and France chatted and caught up with news and events, Leonie and Aurore ran around playing with their friends enjoying themselves.

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ADVENTURE

Vagabond still lies firmly in her winter berth.

Eric Brossier conducts his own research but also aids other visiting scientists in their work.

While the cold is a challenge, the family look upon it as an opportunity rather than a hindrance. Fresh drinking water is derived from any nearby icebergs and that in itself is an opportunity for Eric and France. Their whole environment is a classroom, certainly something that’s not lost on them or, I’m sure, their growing children. A balance is being found and just like any family, an understanding of needs and wants exists. Leonie will be in school all day but upon return to the Vagabond on the back of dad’s snowmobile, her chores might include helping collect ice and learning

about glaciers, snow, icebergs, their movement based on currents and a myriad of other things. Concerns and dangers of course do exist. While very much self-reliant, the family knows that the nearby health centre might be called upon at some point if the need arises. Given life in the Arctic regions, the possibility of encountering a polar bear is always present. Bears have found the ice-bound yacht a curiosity on several occasions. Presently in Qikiqtarjuaq, the family have Takuli and Piculi, two sled dogs that keep watch a few metres from the boat.

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Right now Eric and France are committed scientists and are doing important work, in a way really that no one else is. Each summer a few months are spent at their “other home” in Brest, France, a chance to catch up with family and friends and enjoy some of what France is so famous for. While the idea and opportunity to sit outside in shirtsleeves drinking a nice glass of wine and enjoying some great bread and cheese is appealing, one cannot help but think that the cold is still calling and this adventurous family is not quite ready yet to turn Vagabond south.

David Reid

“Grazing Caribou” by Esa Kripanik, Igloolik, Nunavut

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NORTHERN BOOKSHELF

Anna and the Bear Miranda Currie Alison McCreesh, Illustrator October 2013

Arvik! In Pursuit of the Bowhead Whale Sylvie Côté Chew Publications Nunavik 2013 It’s all about the hunt, the hunt for the great bowhead whale. This large-size, full-colour book presents the cultural, anthropological, historical, geopolitical and biological contexts surrounding the great bowhead whale hunt, the first bowhead whale hunt authorized in Nunavik in over a century. Over 60 colour photographs commemorate this important historical event from the preparation for the hunt, the waiting, the tracking and the hunt itself. This book portrays the determination and courage of a close-knit Nunavik community where hunting is a vital and healthy part of contemporary life. Arvik! In Pursuit of the Bowhead Whale presents an opportunity to learn more about this unique Inuit culture and offers a better understanding of little-known facts about the history of Canada’s Arctic.

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Anna and the Bear is a northern children’s picture book, for all ages. The story centres around two main characters: an adventurous girl who loves to explore the northern bush and a black bear. Through their interaction, readers will learn that looks are not as important as the true character of a person and friendships can bloom anywhere. Author Miranda Currie writes the story in playful rhyme. Illustrator Allison McCreesh adds her talents with her depictions of rocky landscapes of the northern bush. Join Anna on her newest adventure! For more information, visit www.mirandacurrie.ca.

End-of-Earth People: The Arctic Sahtu Dene Bern Will Brown Dundurn Press March 2014 Northern writer and artist Bern Will Brown has written the first full-length book on the people of the Sahtu Dene. Over the span of 60 years working and living alongside the Sahtu Dene in Colville Lake, Northwest Territories, Brown wore many hats in the community as a lay minister, carpenter, pilot, trapper, writer and artist. He became an integral member of the Sahtu Dene during a time when they were transitioning from a people dependent on a traditional on-the-land lifestyle to modern day. The book candidly speaks about social issues the Sahtu Dene still struggle with, such as residential schools and dependence on government assistance, while providing rare details into the traditional practices of the Sahtu people, such as how to tan a moose hide or how to build a canoe from native material.

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© SARAH MCMAHON

ARCTIC ADAPTATIONS

Carving of the “Greenlander House” type by Jamesie Alivaktuk.

Nunavut at 15

Nunavut’s entry at the 2014 Venice Biennale in Architecture, Arctic Adaptations: Nunavut at 15, has been recognized as one of the top exhibits. It includes 15 soapstone carvings of architecture in Nunavut throughout the last 100 years. These were completed in collaboration with Nunavut Arts and Crafts Association and Inuit artists. As well, 25-scaled models of each community in Nunavut are on display with animations of social and environmental affects on them.

A modern take on Northern climate and culture © PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF ARCTIC ADAPTATIONS

Five teams comprised of architects, Nunavut organizations, and schools of architecture collaborated on the designs using five themes: the arts, education, health, housing, and recreation. The Nuliajuk Centre for the Arts seeks to connect scattered communities through the use of existing coastal infrastructure. The Centre points in the direction of the prevailing wind and is built on the breakwater, welcoming travellers on boats or sleds. The NU UNI campus would be decentralized and extended over Nunavut using a global network of communication technologies and local knowledge interaction. The cluster of small pavilions would respond directly to climatic forces and offer protected spaces to be used by the whole community. The Sangilirviuksaq Healing Network project proposes a network of healing spaces, in communities and on the land to promote positive health and well being among Nunavummiut.

Carving of the Igloolik Research Centre by Jaco Ishulutaq.

Carving in progress of the Iglu Hotel in Baker Lake by Jupa Ishulutaq. Lew Phillip of Iqaluit poses with his soapstone carving of St. Jude’s Anglican Church in Iqaluit. The Biennale opened to the public in June and will continue until November 23, 2014. Arctic Adaptations will return to Canada post-Venice for an extensive multi-city tour in 2015-16. Visit www.arcticadaptations.ca.

July/August 2014

© NUNAVUT ARTS & CRAFTS ASSOCIATION

© SARAH MCMAHON

Conceived around a distinctly northern live-work concept, Nuutility integrates flexible workspace and housing types for a range of Northern family structures, cultural practices (such as food preparation, storage, and crafts) and emerging local economies. The housing is oriented in clusters to protect against wind and direct snow accumulation, while creating shared outdoor space. Driftscape is a network of trails for the exchange of people, energy, and information between the remote communities of Nunavut. Trails are located along traditional routes and can be traversed by snowmobile, ATV or kite-ski. A series of shelters are placed at regular intervals. The judges were impressed with Nunavut’s exhibit’s “in-depth study of how modernity adapts to a unique climatic condition and a local minority culture.” The exhibition was organized and curated by Lateral Office, an architectural firm in Toronto. above & beyond

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INUIT FORUM

Inuit Circumpolar Celebration art of my role as President of ITK includes serving as National Vice-President of the Inuit Circumpolar Council (Canada). Just as Canada’s four regional Inuit organizations come together under the national umbrella of ITK, ICC Canada joins regional offices in Greenland, Alaska and the Chukotka district of Russia to form an international network of Inuit known simply as ICC. This year, ICC Canada assumes the rotating chairmanship of the international body. By tradition, the host country names the ICC Chair, and so the presidents of our four land claims organizations, who form the voting membership of the ICC Canada board of directors, formally nominated Okalik Eegeesiak of Iqaluit to lead ICC for the next four years — through its 40th anniversary in 2017. Eegeesiak assumes her post at the close of the ICC General Assembly in Inuvik in July. At the same time, ICC regional offices will appoint two representatives to the nine-member ICC executive council. ICC Canada’s next President and International Vice-President will be elected during ICC Canada’s annual general meeting, held just days before the General Assembly. In the face of all this excitement and change, I am proud to lead the Canadian delegation to the 12th ICC General Assembly, whose theme, in Inuvialuktun, is Ukiuqtaqtumi Hivuniptingnun or One Arctic, One Future. The four-day assembly will cover five wide-ranging topics: Economic Development, including a discussion on ICC’s breakthrough Circumpolar Inuit Declaration on Resource Development in Canada’s Arctic; Environment, including biodiversity, contaminants and traditional knowledge; Health and Well-Being, including children and youth, and the Inuit language; Hunting and Food Security, including management of wildlife resources and impediments to trade posed by animal rights

© HANS BLOHM/ICC

© ITK

P

ICC Canada President Duane Smith speaks during the 2010 ICC General Assembly in Nuuk, Greenland, against a background of flags representing the host country, as well as Canada, the United States and Russia.

groups; and Governance, including Arctic sovereignty. Delegates will also review and adopt the Kittigaryuit Declaration, a set of guiding principles that will direct ICC’s work over the next four years. It will replace the Nuuk Declaration, which came into force during the 2010 General Assembly in Greenland. The Nuuk Declaration mandated the organization to meaningfully engage children, youth and elders in the work of ICC, to promote circumpolar sharing of Inuit-specific media including television, radio and social media, and to begin an ICC archival initiative to aid transnational Inuit unity and cooperative Inuit policy making. It’s important for Inuit to know the history of ICC, and its founder Eben Hopsen Sr., who decided in 1977 to invite his circumpolar cousins to his hometown of Barrow, Alaska, to

discuss the looming prospect of offshore drilling. ICC collaborated with the Saami Council and other indigenous groups to draft the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, lobbied for the creation of the UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues, and helped draft the Stockholm Convention on the Elimination of Persistent Organic Pollutants. It has been a permanent participant in the Arctic Council since the Council was created in 1996. ICC continues to be a leading voice for Inuit around the world, but perhaps most importantly, it allows us to truly connect with our fellow Inuit around the world and to celebrate our common culture and our common Arctic homeland.

Terry Audla

Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami 75 Albert Street, Suite 1101 Ottawa, ON K1P 5E7 t. (613) 238.8181

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arcticjournal.ca

July/August 2014


ᓄᓇᓕᓐᓅᖓᔪᖅ, ᐊᑲᕐᕆᓇᖅᑐᖅ, ᐊᑐᐃᓐᓇᖃᑦᓯᐊᖅᑐᖅ

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Photo: Brian Tattuinee

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Above & Beyond | Canada's Arctic Journal July-August 2014  
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