Above & Beyond | Canada's Arctic Journal 2020 | 02

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The Inflight Magazine for Canadian North

MARAPR 2020 | 02 Yours to Keep

Yellowknife hosts 20th scotiabank Hockey Day in Canada

Ice Fishing on Cumberland Sound

PM40050872

o www.arcticjournal.ca

Baffin safari by snowmobile

A Visit to the Wreck of HMs Erebus



Dear Guest ᑐᕌᖅᑐᑦ ᐃᑭᒪᔪᓄᑦ,

Welcome aboard! The upcoming arrival of spring to the North means that our days are getting noticeably longer and brighter with each passing week. While it may be some time before the snow and ice completely disappears from the northern communities we serve and our weather can be sometimes unpredictable at this time of year, it’s still a wonderful time to be outside. Whether your passion is hunting, fishing, hiking, photography or simply basking in the fresh air and sunshine, I

Chris Avery fE{ ∑KE

Johnny Adams ÷i ≈bu Executive Chairman of the Board, Canadian North ᐃᓱᒪᑕᐅᓪᓗᓂ ᐃᒃᓯᕙᐅᑕᕆᔭᐅᔪᖅ ᑲᑎᒪᔨᓂ, ᑲᓃᑎᐊᓐ ᓄᐊᑦ

ᑐᖖᒐᓱᒋᑦᓯ ᖃᖓᑕᓲᑦᑎᓐᓂ! ᐅᑭᐅᖅᑕᖅᑐᒥ ᐅᐱᕐᖔᖑᓂᐊᓕᕐᒥᑎᓪᓗᒍ ᐅᓪᓗᐃᑦ ᖃᐅᒪᖃᑦᑖᕐᓂᖅᓴᐅᕙᓐᓂᐊᓕᕆᕗᑦ ᐱᓇᓱᐊᕈᓰᑦ ᐊᑐᖅᐸᓪᓕᐊᓂᖏᓂ. ᐃᓛᓗ ᐊᑯᓂᐅᓂᖅᓴᒥᒃ

ᐊᐳᑎ ᓯᑯᓗ ᐊᐅᒃᐸᓪᓕᐊᓂᐊᕋᓗᐊᖅᑎᓪᓗᒋᑦ ᐅᑭᐅᖅᑕᖅᑐᒥᐅᑦ ᓄᓇᓕᖏᓂ ᐱᔨᑦᓯᕋᕐᕕ-

ᒋᕙᒃᑕᑦᑎᓐᓂ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᓯᓚᒋᔭᕗᑦ ᐃᓛᓐᓂ ᖃᓄᐃᓐᓂᐊᕆᐊᒃᓴᖓ ᓇᓗᓇᖅᓯᓯᒪᓕᖅᐸᒃᑎᓪᓗᒍ ᐅᐱᕐᖔᖑᓕᕌᖓᑦ, ᓱᓕᑦᑕᐅᖅ ᓯᓚᒦᑦᓴᕆᐊᒃᓴᖅ ᖁᕕᐊᓇᒻᒪᕆᒃᐸᒻᒥᔪᖅ. ᖁᕕᐊᒋᔭᖃᖅ-

ᐸᓐᓂᕈᕕᑦ ᐊᖑᓇᓱᐊᕆᐊᒥᒃ, ᐃᖃᓪᓕᐊᕆᐊᒥᒃ, ᐱᓱᕋᔭᒋᐊᖅᐸᒋᐊᒥᒃ, ᐊᔾᔨᓕᐅᕆᔭᖅᑐᕆᐊᒥᒃ

ᓄᓇᒥ ᐅᕝᕙᓘᓐᓃᑦ ᐊᓃᕋᔭᑐᐃᓐᓇᕆᐊᒥᒃ ᓯᕿᓐᓂᖅᑎᓪᓗᒍ, ᖃᖓᑐᐃᓐᓇᖅ ᐊᓃᕐᓗᑎᑦ

ᖁᕕᐊᒋᕙᒃᑕᑦᓯᓐᓂᒃ ᐱᓯᒪᓕᖁᓐᓇᖅᐳᓯ.

ᖃᓄᐃᓕᐅᕈᓐᓇᕐᓂᓯ

ᐃᓱᒪᖅᓲᑎᒋᓗᒍ

ᓯᓚᒦᑦᓱᓐᓇᕐᓗᓯ

hope you will have ample opportunity to enjoy the outdoors.

100 ᐳᕐᓴᓐᑎᐅᔪᒥᒃ ᐅᑭᐅᖅᑕᖅᑐᒥᐅᓂᑦ ᓇᖕᒥᓂᕆᔭᐅᓪᓗᓂ ᖃᖓᑕᓲᖃᖅᑎᐅᓪᓗᑎᒃ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ

As a 100 per cent northern-owned airline and proud member of

ᐱᓕᕆᐊᒃᓴᖃᖅᑎᑕᐅᓯᒪᓂᖏᑦ ᐱᔾᔪᑎᖃᑐᐃᓐᓇᖖᒋᒻᒪᑕ ᐱᑕᖃᖅᑎᐅᒋᐊᒥᒃ ᖃᓄᐃᓐᓇ-

the northern business community, Canadian North’s mandate is to not only provide safe, reliable and friendly year-round air transportation throughout the North but to also encourage economic development in the communities we serve. That’s why we lend our support to a wide range of events and initiatives each year. As an example, we will once again sponsor the Nunavut Mining Symposium (nunavutminingsymposium.ca) in Iqaluit from March 30 to April 2, 2020 and the Nunavik Mining Workshop (nunavikminingworkshop.ca) in Kuujjuaq from April 21 to 23, 2020. Events like this are a valuable opportunity for decisionmakers from industry, government and Inuit organizations to network, discuss common issues and find new ways to collaborate. We look forward to participating in them and the many other conferences, festivals and gatherings we will sponsor across our network over the course of 2020. I hope we will have the opportunity to see you at one or more of them. Thank you for flying with us today. Whether you’re travelling for work or for leisure, it is always our pleasure to host you on board and on behalf of all of us at Canadian North, we wish you a pleasant journey. Chris Avery President and CEO Canadian North

ᐃᓚᒋᔭᐅᓂᕐᒥᓐᓂᒃ ᐅᑭᐅᖅᑕᖅᑐᒥᐅᑦ ᓇᖕᒥᓂᖅ ᐱᓕᕆᕝᕕᖃᖅᑐᓄᑦ, ᑲᓃᑎᐊᓐ ᓄᐊᔅᑯᑦ ᖖᒋᑦᑐᒥ, ᐅᒃᐱᕐᓇᑦᓯᐊᖅᑐᓂᒃ

ᐊᒻᒪᓗ

ᑐᖖᒐᓇᖅᑐᓂᒃ

ᐅᑭᐅᓗᒃᑖᒥ

ᖃᖓᑕᓲᒃᑯᑦ

ᐃᑭᒪᕝᕕᐅᕙᓐᓂᕐᒥᓐᓂ ᐅᑭᐅᖅᑕᖅᑐᓕᒫᒥ ᑭᓯᐊᓂᓕᑦᑕᐅᖅ ᐃᑲᔪᖅᑐᐃᔭᕆᐊᖃᖅᑎᑕᐅᕗᒍᑦ ᑮᓇᐅᔭᓕᐅᕈᑎᐅᕙᒃᑐᓂᒃ ᓄᓇᓕᒋᔭᐅᔪᓂ ᐱᔨᑦᓯᕋᕐᕕᒋᕙᒃᑕᑦᑎᓐᓂ. ᑕᒪᒃᑯᐊᓗ ᐱᔾᔪᑎᒋᓪ-

ᓗᑎᒍ ᐃᑲᔪᖅᑐᐃᓂᖃᖅᐸᒃᑐᒍ ᐊᒥᓱᑲᓪᓚᓂᒃ ᐊᔾᔨᒌᖖᒋᐅᖅᑑᓪᓗᑎᒃ ᖃᓄᐃᓕᐅᖅᑎᑦᓯ-

ᓂᐅᕙᒃᑐᓂᒃ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐱᓕᕆᐊᖑᓕᖅᓯᒪᕙᒃᑐᓂᒃ ᐅᑭᐅᑕᒫᑦ. ᐅᓇ ᐆᒃᑑᑎᒋᓗᒍ, ᑮᓇᐅᔭᑎᒍᑦ

ᐃᑲᔪᕐᓂᖃᕐᓂᐊᓕᕐᒥᒐᑦᑕ ᓄᓇᕗᒻᒥ ᐅᔭᕋᖕᓂᐊᖅᑎᒃᑯᑦ ᑲᑎᒪᕕᒡᔪᐊᕐᓂᕆᓂᐊᖅᑕᖓᓂᒃ

(nunavutminingsymposium.ca) ᐃᖃᓗᓐᓂ ᒫᔾᔨ 30-ᒥᑦ ᐊᐃᐱᕆ 2-ᒧ, 2020-

ᐅᓕᖅᐸᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᓄᓇᕕᖕᒥ ᐅᔭᕋᖕᓂᐊᖅᑎᒃᑯᑦ ᑲᑎᒪᓯᓐᓈᑦ ᐱᓕᒻᒪᒃᓴᐃᓂᖃᕐᓂᐊᕐᓂᖏᑦ

(nunavikminingworkshop.ca) ᑰᔾᔪᐊᕐᒥ ᐊᐃᐱᕆ 21-ᒥ 23-ᒧᑦ, 2020-ᐅᓕᖅᐸᑦ.

ᖃᓄᐃᓕᐅᖅᑎᑦᓯᓂᐅᕙᒃᑐᑦ ᓲᕐᓗ ᑕᐃᒪᓐᓇᐃᑦᑐᒥᒃ ᐊᑐᕐᓂᖃᒻᒪᕆᒃᑐᑎᒍ ᐱᓕᕆᓂᖃᕐᕕᐅᓕᕈᓐᓇᖅᐸᒻᒪᑕ ᐃᓱᒪᓕᐅᖅᑎᒋᔭᐅᕙᒃᑐᓂᑦ ᓴᓇᕝᕕᐅᔪᓂᑦ, ᒐᕙᒪᐅᔪᓂᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐃᓄᐃᑦ ᑲᑐᔾᔨᖃᑎᒌᖏᓂ ᐱᓕᕆᖃᑎᒌᒡᓗᑎᒃ, ᐅᖃᓪᓚᐅᓯᖃᖃᑎᒌᒃᓗᑎᒃ ᐱᕙᓪᓕᐊᔪᓕᕆᓂᐅᔪᓂᒃ

ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᓄᑖᓂᒃ ᑲᑐᔾᔨᓂᖃᓕᕐᓗᑎᒃ ᐱᓕᕆᖃᑎᒌᓕᕈᓐᓇᕐᒪᖔᕐᒦᒃ. ᐃᓚᐅᖃᑕᐅᕝᕕᒋᒋᐊᒥᒃ

ᑲᑎᒪᕐᔪᐊᕐᓂᖃᖅᑎᓪᓗᒋᑦ ᓂᕆᐅᓐᓂᖃᑦᓯᐊᖅᑐᒍᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐊᓯᖏᓄᑦ ᐃᓚᐅᖃᑕᐅᕙᒋᐊᑦ-

ᑎᓐᓂᒃ

ᐊᒥᓲᓪᓗᑎᒃ

ᑲᑎᒪᕕᒡᔪᐊᕐᓂᐅᔪᓄᑦ, ᖁᕕᐊᓱᖃᑎᒌᒃᑎᑦᓯᓂᐅᔪᓄᑦ

ᐊᒻᒪᓗ

ᑲᑎᖃᑎᒌᒃᑎᑦᓯᓂᐅᔪᓄᑦ ᑮᓇᐅᔭᑎᒍᑦ ᐃᑲᔪᖅᓯᒪᓕᕐᓂᐊᖅᑕᑦᑎᓐᓄᑦ ᐱᓕᕆᖃᑎᒌᒃᑎᐅᖃ-

ᑕᐅᑎᓪᓗᑕ

ᐅᑭᐅᖓᓂ

ᐃᓚᐅᖃᑕᐅᓂᐊᕐᓂᕈᑦᓯ.

2020. ᑕᑯᖃᑕᐅᓯᒪᔪᒪᓂᐊᖅᐸᑦᑎᒋᑦ

ᓇᓪᓕᐊᓄᑐᐃᓐᓇᖅ

ᖁᔭᓐᓇᒦᒃ ᖃᖓᑕᓲᑦᑎᓐᓂ ᐅᓪᓗᒥ ᐃᑭᒪᖃᑕᐅᓚᐅᕋᑦᓯ. ᐃᖅᑲᓇᐃᔮᓯ ᐱᔾᔪᑎᒋᓪᓗᒍ ᐅᕝᕙᓘᓐᓃᑦ ᓇᒧᖖᖓᐅᓯᒪᓂᐊᖅᓱᓯ ᐃᑭᒪᖃᑕᐅᒐᓗᐊᕈᑦᓯ, ᖁᕕᐊᓱᒃᐸᒃᑐᒍ ᐃᑭᒪᖃᑕᐅᔭᕌᖓᑦᓯ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐱᔾᔪᑎᒋᓯᒪᓗᒃᑖᕐᓱᒋᑦ ᑲᓃᑎᐊᓐ ᓄᐊᔅᑯᓐᓂ ᐃᖅᑲᓇᐃᔭᖅᑎᐅᔪᑦ, ᖃᖓᑕᓯ ᓈᒻᒪᑦᓯᐊᖅᑑᖁᓇᕐᐳᖅ.

ᑯᕆᔅ ᐄᕗᕆ ᐃᒃᓯᕙᐅᑕᖅ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐊᐅᓚᑦᑎᔨᒻᒪᕆᒃ ᑲᓃᑎᐊᓐ ᓄᐊᑦ


ᐃᖅᑲᓇᐃᔭᖅᑎᐅᑉ ᐅᔾᔨᕆᔭᐅᑎᑕᐅᓂᖓ

Employee Spotlight | Iqqanaijaqtiup Ujjirijautitauninga

ᓵᓕ ᓂᐅᔅᐱᐅᓪ | Sally Neuspiel ᓵᓕ ᓂᐅᔅᐱᐅᓪ, ᐋᑐᕙᒥᐅᑕᖅ, ᐃᖅᑲᓇᐃᔭᖅᑎᐅᕗᖅ ᑲᓃᑎᐊᓐ ᓄᐊᔅᑯᑦ ᐊᓪᓚᕕᒡᔪᐊᖓᓂ ᑲᓈᑕᒥ.

ᓯᕗᓪᓕᕐᒥ ᐅᑭᐅᖓᓂ ᑲᒻᐸᓂᒃᑯᓐᓂ ᐃᖅᑲᓇᐃᔭᖅᓯᒪᓕᕋᒥ, ᓵᓕ ᐃᖃᓗᓐᓂᑦ ᐋᑐᕙᓕᐊᓚᐅᕐᐳᖅ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᓱᓇᐅᕝᕙᓕ ᓈᒻᒪᓈᑦᓯᐊᕐᓂᖃᕐᓂᐊᖅᑐᕕᓂᖅ ᐅᑭᐅᖅᑕᖅᑐᒥᐅᑦ ᑲᒻᐸᓂᒋᔭᖏᑦ ᐱᓕᕆᕝᕕᒻᒥᓐᓂᒃ ᑕᑯᔭᒃᓴᖃᖅᑎᑦᓯᓂᐊᕐᓂᖅᑎᓪᓗᒋᑦ. ᒧᒥᕈᓘᔭᐃᓐᓇᓚᐅᕐᐳᑦ ᖃᖓᑕᓲᒥ ᖃᖓᑕᓪᓗᑎᒃ; ᖁᕕᐊᓇᓪᓚᕆᓚᐅᖅᓯᒪᔪᖅ! ᖃᖓᑕᓲᖅᑎᒋᔭᐅᔪᖅ ᐅᑭᐅᓄᑦ ᐊᒥᓱᑲᓪᓚᓐᓄᑦ ᖃᖓᑕᖃᑦᑕᖅᓯᒪᓕᕐᑐᖅ ᐅᖃᒻᒪᕆᓚᐅᕐᑐᖅ ᑕᐃᒪᓐᓇᐃᑦᑐᖃᖅᑐᒥᒃ ᑕᑯᒋᐅᓚᐅᖅᓯᒪᓂᕐᒥᓂᒃ! ᓵᓕ ᑕᐃᔅᓱᒪᓂ ᖃᐅᔨᒪᓕᓚᐅᕐᑐᖅ, ᑖᒃᑯᓇᓂ ᑲᒻᐸᓂᒋᔭᐅᔪᓂ ᐃᖅᑲᓇᐃᔮᖃᕆᐊᖅ ᐊᔾᔨᖃᖖᒋᓪᓚᕆᓐᓂᖓᑕ. ᓵᓕ ᑲᓃᑎᐊᓐ ᓄᐊᔅᑯᓐᓄᑦ ᐃᖅᑲᓇᐃᔭᖅᑎᐅᓯᒪᓕᕐᐳᖅ 21-ᓂᒃ ᐅᑭᐅᓂᒃ. ᐃᖅᑲᓇᐃᔮᖃᕆᐊᕈᑎᒋᓚᐅᖅᓯᒪᔭᖓ ᑳᕈᓪᑕᓐ ᓯᓚᑦᑐᖅᓴᕐᕕᖓᓂ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕌᓂᒃᓯᒪᓕᕋᒥ ᖃᖓᑕᓲᒃᑯᑦ ᐃᑭᒪᔪᒪᔪᓄᑦ ᐱᓕᕆᐊᖃᖅᑎᒋᔭᐅᓪᓗᓂ. ᐅᑭᐅᑦ ᐊᒥᓲᓗᐊᖖᒋᑦᑐᑦ ᓈᓯᒪᓕᖅᑎᓪᓗᒋᑦ ᐃᖅᑲᓇᐃᔮᖓ ᓯᕗᒻᒧᒋᐊᖅᓯᒪᓕᓚᐅᕐᐳᖅ ᐱᓕᕆᕝᕕᓕᕆᔨᓂ ᐋᖅᑭᒃᓱᐃᔨᖖᒍᖅᑎᑕᐅᒐᒥ. ᑕᒪᒃᑯᓂᖓ ᐱᓕᕆᐊᖃᖅᑎᐅᓪᓗᓂ, ᐃᑭᒪᔾᔪᑎᒃᓴᓂᒃ ᓂᐅᕕᖅᐸᒃᑐᓄᑦ ᐱᓕᕆᔨᐅᔪᓐᓇᖅᐸᓚᐅᕆᕗᖅ ᖃᐅᓱᐃᑦᑐᖅ, ᓄᓇᕗᒻᒥ.

ᖃᐅᑕᒫᑦ ᐃᖅᑲᓇᐃᔮᒥᓂ, ᐱᓕᕆᖃᑎᖃᖅᐸᒃᑐᖅ ᖃᐅᔨᒋᐊᕐᕕᓕᕆᔨᐅᓪᓗᑎᒃ ᐃᖅᑲᓇᐃᔭᖅᑎᓂᒃ/ᐃᑭᒪᕙᒃᑐᓂᒃ, ᐱᓕᕆᕝᕕᓕᕆᔨᒃᑯᑦ ᐃᑲᔪᖅᐸᒃᑕᖏᓂᒃ, ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᑲᑎᓐᓂᖃᖅᑐᓕᕆᔨᒃᑯᓐᓄᑦ. ᐃᑲᔪᖅᑕᐅᓂᖃᕈᓐᓇᓚᐅᕐᐳᖅ ᐃᖅᑲᓇᐃᔮᖃᕐᓂᕐᒥᓂᑦ ᐱᔨᑦᓯᕋᖅᑎᐅᓪᓗᓂ ᓄᓇᕗᒻᒥᐅᓄᑦ, ᓄᓇᑦᓯᐊᕐᒥᐅᓄᑦ, ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᓄᓇᕕᒻᒥᐅᓄᑦ.

ᑲᓃᑎᐊᓐ ᓄᐊᔅᑯᓐᓂ ᐃᑭᒪᕙᒃᑐᑦ ᓯᕗᓪᓕᖅᐸᐅᑏᓐᓇᖅᐸᒃᑕᖏᑦ ᓵᓕᐅᑉ! ᐱᓕᕆᓂᖃᕈᔾᔨᒐᓗᐊᕈᓂ ᐃᑭᒪᑎᑕᐅᕙᒃᑐᑐᖃᓄᑦ ᐅᕝᕙᓘᓐᓃᑦ ᓄᑖᖑᓪᓗᑎᒃ ᐃᑭᒪᖃᑕᐅᔪᒪᔪᓄᑦ ᑕᑯᔭᖅᑐᐃᓯᒪᓕᕈᒪᔪᓄᑦ ᐅᑭᐅᖅᑕᖅᑐᖁᑎᑦᑎᓐᓂᒃ, ᖁᕕᐊᒋᓪᓚᕆᒃᐸᒃᑕᖓ ᑐᓴᖅᑎᑕᐅᓯᒪᓂᕆᕙᒃᑕᓂ ᐊᔾᔨᒌᖖᒋᐅᖅᑐᓄᑦ ᐱᓕᕆᐊᖑᔪᓄᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᑐᕌᕐᕕᐅᓇᓱᐊᖅᑐᓄᑦ ᐊᑐᓂ ᐃᖏᕐᕋᕙᒃᑐᓂᑦ ᖃᖓᑕᓲᖓᑕ ᑲᓃᑎᐊᓐ ᓄᐊᔅ ᐱᓕᕆᔨᐅᓪᓗᓂ!

ᐅᑭᐅᓄᑦ ᐊᒥᓱᓄᑦ ᓵᓕ ᐊᑭᓕᖅᑐᒐᐅᓇᓂ ᐃᑲᔪᖅᑎᐅᖃᑦᑕᖅᓯᒪᓕᕐᑐᖅ ᐃᕐᓂᒥᑕ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕐᕕᖓᓂ ᐊᖓᔪᖅᑳᑦ ᑲᑎᒪᔨᖏᓂ ᐃᓚᐅᓂᕐᒥᓄᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐊᑭᓕᖅᑐᒐᐅᓇᓂ ᐃᑲᔪᖅᑎᐅᕙᒃᑭᓪᓗᓂ ᐆᒪᔪᖁᑎᐅᔪᓄᑦ ᐋᓐᓂᐊᕐᕕᐊᓂ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐃᑲᔪᖅᑕᐅᕝᕕᒻᒥ ᐊᖅᑭᒃᐸᓪᓕᐊᔪᓄᑦ. ᑲᑎᓯᖃᑦᑕᕈᓐᓇᕐᓂᓂ ᓄᑖᓂᒃ ᐃᓄᖏᓂᒃ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᑐᓴᐅᒪᓕᖅᑎᑕᐅᕙᓐᓂᓂ ᓄᑖᖑᓪᓗᑎᒃ ᓄᓇᓕᐅᔪᒥ ᐱᓕᕆᐊᖑᔪᓄᑦ ᐱᒻᒪᕆᐅᑎᒻᒪᒋᑦ. ᐃᖅᑲᓇᐃᔭᕐᓇᖅ ᐃᓱᓕᓯᒪᓕᖅᑎᓪᓗᒍ ᓵᓕ ᐊᖏᕐᕋᖅᓯᒪᒋᐊᒥᓂᒃ ᐃᓚᒋᔭᒥᓂ, ᐱᓕᒻᒪᒃᓴᓂᐅᔪᓄᑦ ᐅᓪᓚᐅᔭᕐᓂᐊᖅᑐᓄᑦ, ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐅᐊᔭᖅᐸᒋᐊᖅ ᓇᒧᑐᐃᓐᓇᖅ ᖁᕕᐊᒋᕙᒻᒥᔭᖏᑦ.

ᐅᖃᖅᓯᒪᕗᖅ ᓵᓕ ᐱᔪᓐᓇᐅᑎᖃᕐᔪᐊᕈᓐᓇᕋᔭᕐᓂᕈᓂ, ᐃᓄᓐᓂᒃ ᐋᓐᓂᐊᖃᖅᑐᓂᒃ ᐋᖅᑮᓯᒪᓕᖅᑎᐅᓇᔭᕐᓂᕐᒥᓂᒃ.

Sally Neuspiel, from Ottawa, is based at Canadian North’s head office in Kanata.

In her first year with the company, Sally was traveling from Iqaluit to Ottawa and it just happened to be the perfect night to see the Northern Lights. They danced all around the aircraft as it flew; it was magnificent! A pilot with many years of service even said this was the first time he had ever seen anything like that! Sally knew then, that working for the company was going to be special.

Sally has now been with Canadian North for 21 years. She started coming out of Carleton University in the role as a reservations agent. A few years later she was promoted to Coordinator of Corporate Services. Within these roles, she was able to also work at the ticket counter in Resolute Bay in Nunavut.

Daily, she works closely with the Contact Centre staff/passengers, Corporate Services clients, and the Groups Department. She has been fortunate enough to service Nunavut, NWT, and Nunavik.

Canadian North’s clients are number one to Sally! Whether it is dealing with existing clients or new clients hoping to visit our great North, she enjoys learning about the different projects and goals each traveller has while flying with Canadian North!

For many years Sally has volunteered at her son’s school on the Parent Council and also volunteers with Animal hospitals and Hospice Care. Being able to meet new people and learn about new community projects is very important to her. In her spare time Sally enjoys her family time, training for marathons, and travelling. If Sally could have a superpower, it would be to heal people of illness.


From the Flight Deck What are all those things that are moving on the wing? Clearly the wing is a critical part of the aircraft. It’s the part that actually lets us fly. To help us control the aircraft there are parts of the wing that are designed to move. Some move only once or twice each flight while others will move quite often during the flight.

Probably the most recognized moving surface on the wings are the flaps. All our aircraft have flaps on the back (the technical term is the trailing edge) part of the wing, in the sections that are closest to the fuselage. On the B737 there are also flaps down the full length of the front part (or leading edge) of the wing too. The flaps are used during takeoff and landing. When the flaps get extended, the shape of the wing changes. If you looked at the wings from the side, there is much more dramatic curvature when the flaps are extended. The term camber is used to describe the amount of curvature of the wing. If the wing has a great deal of curvature, it can safely fly at relatively low speeds – which is good for takeoff and landing. When we are flying faster though, we don’t need all that curvature. In fact, it ends up being very inefficient since it takes a lot of power to overcome all the drag from the flaps. This is why the flaps are retracted after takeoff. Really, the flaps let us have two wings in one – one wing (with the flaps extended) that is efficient for takeoff and landing and another one (once the flaps are retracted) that is efficient in cruise.

On the outboard section of trailing edge of the wings you will also spot some moving surfaces. These are the ailerons and will move quite often in flight. While they may look kind of like the flaps, there is one very significant difference – they move in opposite directions on each wing. When the aileron on the right wing moves down, the aileron

Calgary sunset. © Kent Harvey Caballero

on the left wing moves up (and vice versa). Since the ailerons move in different directions on each wing, they cause a different amount of lift on each wing. When one wing ends up making more lift than the other, the aircraft will roll in one direction or the other. This lets us bank the aircraft to allow us to turn. You may also see them moving a fair bit during takeoff and landing as we correct for turbulence.

Around the middle of the wings you can also see some panels that might lift up in flight or after landing. (The ATR and the Dash 8 also have these panels but you can’t see them from the cabin since they are on top of the wings.) These panels are called spoilers. When they are raised, they break up the airflow in that section of the wing (which ends up “spoiling” the lift – hence their name). In flight, the spoilers will often deploy on the same side as the aileron that moves up. This helps the aircraft roll more efficiently than with just ailerons. After landing, you may also notice that the spoilers deploy on both wings. This is done to destroy as much lift as possible from the wings and transfers the

aircraft weight onto the tires so that the brakes are as efficient as possible. On the B737, the spoilers can also be raised on both wings simultaneously in flight. You may see this happen during descent for landing. Since they deploy on both sides of the aircraft, they don’t cause the aircraft to roll. Instead, they increase the amount of drag on the aircraft and help us slow down. Really, they aren’t acting as spoilers but rather as speed brakes.

The wing of an aircraft is complex. Thanks to its carefully designed shape, the aircraft can fly but, thanks to all the moving parts, we can also control how the aircraft flies. Captain Aaron Speer Vice President, Flight Operations Canadian North

If you are curious about a specific topic regarding flying and aircraft operations, let us know what you’d like to learn about and we’ll try to include it in a future column. Email: editor@arcticjournal.ca



Contents

The Inflight Magazine for Canadian North

MARAPR 2020 | 02 YOURS TO KEEP

Yellowknife hosts 20th Sco#abank Hockey Day in Canada

Baffin Safari by Snowmobile

A Visit to the Wreck of HMS Erebus

March | April 2020 Volume 32, No. 2

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Ice Fishing on Cumberland Sound

12 PM40050872

o www.arcticjournal.ca

The fishing crew haul in turbot. © Jason Nugent

Publisher: above&beyond ltd. Managing Editor: Doris Ohlmann doris@arcticjournal.ca Advertising: 613-257-4999 Toll Free: 1-877-2ARCTIC 1-877-227-2842 (Canada only) advertising@arcticjournal.ca Design: Robert Hoselton, Beat Studios

above&beyond ltd., (aka above&beyond, Canada’s Arctic Journal) is a wholly owned subsidiary of First Air, and a media instrument intended solely to entertain and provide general information about the North. The views and opinions expressed in editorial content, advertisements, or by contributors, do not necessarily reflect the views, official positions or policies of First Air, its agents, or those of above&beyond magazine unless expressly stated. above&beyond ltd. does not assume any responsibility for any errors and/or omissions of any content in the publication. Reproduction in whole or part without permission is prohibited. We welcome contributions but assume no responsibility for unsolicited material. Send to editor@arcticjournal.ca.

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23 31 Features

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Yellowknife Hosts 20th Scotiabank Hockey Day in Canada

A four-day hockey festival showcased community and family-friendly hockey events for all ages, leading into the main event February 8. — Photos by Brent Currie

23

Baffin Safari by Snowmobile

We saw many caribou, pushed and pulled our machines up and around waterfalls, slept in our tent and occasional cabin, met Inuit hunters along the way, and rode into Clyde with pride. — John Davidson & Jeremiah Mullholland

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Ice Fishing on Cumberland Sound

Fishing here is not just a profession but a way of life, and to be successful at it requires lifetimes of knowledge, passed down from generation to generation. — Jason Nugent

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Visit to the Wreck of HMS Erebus

Two ships that have been lying on the bottom of the Arctic Ocean for nearly 175 years, become a oncein-a-lifetime experience for adventure-seekers. — David F. Pelly

MARAPR 2020 | 02

A B O V E & B E Y O N D — C A N A D A’ S A R C T I C J O U R N A L

09 Destination Focus 11 Recipe 14 Living Above&Beyond 21 Resources 36 Sport CFL Athletes Motivate Youth — Esks Staff

39 Education NWT Diamond Centre 42 Culture Celebrating Spring at Toonik Tyme — Nick Newbery

44 Health Rivers to Oceans Day — Dawn Tremblay & Katharine Thomas

47 Bookshelf 48 Arctic Trivia Quiz 50 Inuit Forum — Natan Obed President, Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami

7



D E S T I N AT I O N F O C U S

62.45447°N, -114.37092°E

YELLOWKNIFE Yellowknife is the capital city of Canada’s Northwest Territories. It is located on Chief Drygeese Territory, the traditional home to the Yellowknives Dene First Nation, who are the original

inhabitants of the area since time immemorial. A common Yellowknife myth is that gold was

discovered in the 1930s, by non-Indigenous prospectors. In reality, Yellowknives Dene Liza Crookedhand discovered gold while out picking berries. She later showed prospectors where it

was located and in return was given a new stove pipe. However, prospector Johnny Baker was

credited for the discovery of gold. Following this, Yellowknife exploded as a place to make one’s

mark and fortune and as the City developed and diversified, so too did the economy. While it is a

modern city with many familiar amenities, it is also a place with history and experiences like no other.

Winter brings with it cool, dark and spectacularly beautiful skies. Locals and visitors alike take

to the outdoors to view the Aurora, visit the snow castle during the Snowking’s Winter Festival (March), and attend the Long John Jamboree (March), a celebration of the Long Johns that keep

everyone warm throughout the coldest months of the year. Dogsledders and cross-country skiers,

or those who combine these to create skijoring, are seen throughout the winter on the frozen

expanse of Great Slave Lake enjoying the outdoors, as cars drive by on the ice road to the

communities beyond.

With almost endless hours of daylight in a Yellowknife summer, there is always something

exciting happening. The Folk on the Rocks music festival (July) attracts people from across North America; as the midnight sun burns far into the night, festivalgoers sing and dance the

Yellowknife. © Bob Wilson

Some Essential Yellowknife Experiences: • Visit the Prince of Wales Museum and experience the history of Yellowknife • Explore the wonders and history of Old Town, while watching the float planes landing in Back Bay • Walk up Pilot’s Monument and marvel at the 360-degree view of Yellowknife • Wander into the many arts and crafts stores and buy some caribou tufting, carvings or beaded works • Visit the Diamond Centre and try your hand at polishing a real diamond • Take a tour of the Legislative Assembly and learn about NWT’s Consensus Government

weekend away. Old Town Ramble and Ride (August), an eco-friendly festival featuring local musicians and artists, is held annually in Yellowknife’s historic district. From here the floatplanes

can be seen taking off and landing alongside the houseboats that dot the shores of Great

Slave Lake. Throughout the summer, canoers, hikers and campers alike don’t have to go far to

escape the hustle and bustle of downtown and enter the wilderness, where they can feel nature welcoming them into another world. MARAPR 2020 | 02

A B O V E & B E Y O N D — C A N A D A’ S A R C T I C J O U R N A L

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RECIPE

Caribou Pho “Nice Pho What” From the kitchen of Shayna Allen • • • • • • • • • • •

6 cups water Caribou bones/meat 6 cups beef broth 1 whole onion (cut in half ), roast at 400 degrees for 15 mins Spices (fry on medium heat on a stovetop for 2 mins) 2 T fennel 2 T coriander 1 T black peppercorns 1 T cloves 2 cinnamon sticks Boil on low for six hours. For the last hour, turn to medium (add green onions). Strain broth.

Toppings • • • •

Green onion Jalapeno Red Onion Thinly sliced Caribou (add broth over the caribou; it will cook the meat)

Caribou Pho “Nice Pho What” © Shayna Allen

MARAPR 2020 | 02

A B O V E & B E Y O N D — C A N A D A’ S A R C T I C J O U R N A L

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Kids learn hockey skills at the pond hockey clinic.

Yellowknife Hosts

20th Annual Scotiabank Hockey Day in Canada Photos by Brent Currie

T

he 20th edition of Scotiabank Hockey Day in Canada took place in Yellowknife, Northwest Territories, on February 8, 2020, hosted by the City of Yellowknife and the Yellowknives Dene First Nation. On February 5, Scotiabank Hockey Day in Canada hosted an opening event to get the celebrations started. The four-day hockey festival showcased community and family-friendly hockey events for all ages, all leading into the main event — the 12.5-hour broadcast on Sportsnet — February 8. The festivities centred around the event’s 20th anniversary, with an emphasis on Canada’s Great White North. Scotiabank Teammates Lanny McDonald, Cassie Campbell-Pascall and Darcy Tucker attended, along with other special guests, including Sportsnet personalities. Somba K’e Park, Yellowknife’s favourite gathering place located on the shores of Frame Lake in front of City Hall, provided the backdrop to the outdoor broadcast.

Ron MacLean, Canadian sportscaster for the CBC and Rogers Media, (centre) performs with the Dene Drummers from Dettah.

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A B O V E & B E Y O N D — C A N A D A’ S A R C T I C J O U R N A L

MARAPR 2020 | 02


Top Left: The Housemen Band, stay-at-home dads in Yellowknife writing rock ‘n roll for fun and infamy. They have played at the Long John Jamboree and the Snow King Festival, both in Yellowknife in March. thehousemen.ca Top right: Lanny MacDonald arrives at Somba K’e Park with the Stanley Cup via dogsled. Right: Hockey player Johnnie Bowden from Yellowknife with some of his family members and the Stanley Cup. Centre, left: Ready to play! Centre, right: Wendell Clark, a Canadian former professional ice hockey player, answers questions at N.J. MacPherson school in Yellowknife. Bottom, left: Johnnie Bowden makes the save on a Lanny MacDonald break away. Bottom, right: Snow sculpture at Somba K’e Park, overlooking the pond hockey rinks.

MARAPR 2020 | 02

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LIVING ABOVE&BEYOND

Arctic Bay, Nunavut, hand made crafts: Ulus by various artists, an ulu-inspired clock and infant mitts. © Doris Ohlmann (10)

Handmade dolls for sale at the Northern Lights Arts & Cultural Pavilion.

Climate change, alternative energy, infrastructure and culture at Northern Lights 2020 Delegates at this year’s Northern Lights Business and Cultural Showcase at the Shaw Centre in Ottawa, Ontario, from February 5-8, had much to think about during the informative conference sessions. Main themes that emerged included climate change, including the melting of permafrost in the North; ideas to reduce the reliance on fossil fuels such as solar and wind energy; and infrastructure development for deep-sea ports, seasonal routes, fibre optic lines, wind farms, mines, sewage treatment technologies, and healthy housing. Finding alternatives to sustain communities in response to extreme weather changes is a challenge for all Arctic countries. Learning from each other can only help the Devolution process as Northerners seek to manage their own land and water resources for the good of all Nunangat and Canada as a whole.

14

The sharing of ideas that can help develop the Northern economy include:

• Encouraging Northerners to consider the growing opportunities from increased traffic by cruise ships due to shipping corridors opening up as a result of thawing permafrost. Culinary Tourism and authentic and targeted cultural experiences can lure travellers to visit the North. • Forging new partnerships with other Arctic countries who have similar struggles and what success stories Canada can learn from them. For example, Igiugig Village in Alaska has successfully generated energy from the river without affecting their sustainable fish stock. • Partnering with countries such as China for the shrimp industry. • Developing energy efficient housing using wind and solar energy, such as those being

tested in Nunatsiavut and the Germandesigned modular homes using innovative technology for sustainable and healthier housing in Nunavik. • Opening a new turbot fishery in Ungava Bay, as research shows there is turbot there. • Developing the Grays Bay Road and Port Project, which will be the first road from Nunavut to Canada and the only deepwater port on the Northwest Passage to connect to the national highway system. • Providing training for middle-class jobs in the wage economy to supplement the traditional way of life. These ideas and more will help build a strong economy for Canada’s Arctic. Attracting investment is just the beginning of unlocking the true potential of Canada’s Arctic, which will also benefit all of Canada.

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Top left: Women’s moccasins by Agathe Tshakapesh Rich from Natuashish, Newfoundland and Labrador. Above: Sealskin coats by Rannva from Iqaluit, Nunavut. Top right: Innu traditional baby suits. Above right: Sealskin art by Sherry Turnbull from Charlottetown, Labrador. “An Inuit Elder once told me to “waste nothing”. That’s when I created something beautiful from small pieces of sealskin.” Right: Arctic inspired pottery. Bottom right: Paintings by MaryAnn Penashue of Goose Bay, Labrador. Bottom left: Maggie Napartuk from Inukjuak, Nunavik, is a multidisciplinary artist who loves making all kinds of art but especially enjoys painting and printmaking, such as her work shown here. Left: This traditional style parka, shown during a fashion show in the Arts & Cultural Pavilion at Northern Lights, is a design from Labrador.

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Ground-breaking projects receive AIP prizes Eight innovative teams from across the Canadian North were awarded a share of more than $2.6 million for their groundbreaking projects at the Arctic Inspiration Prize (AIP) Awards celebration February 5, 2020.

Northern Compass receives the top $1 Million prize: Karen Aglukark, Rebecca Bisson, Mumilaaq Qaqqaq, Aluki Kotierk, Jim Snider, Lois Philipp, Paulie Chinna, and Premier Joe Savikataaq.

vmπ5 Kamajiit Program: Front row: Stanley Anablak, the Hon. Dan Vandal, Susan Aglukark, Andrew Gentile, Tanya Tugak, Mallory Okatsiak, Michelle Malla, and Hovak Johnston. Back row: Victor Tootoo, Ulrike Komaksiutiksak, Mikka Komaksiutiksak, Jeese Tungilik, and Elizabeth Gordon. © Justin Tang / Arctic Inspiration Prize (8)

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Dehcho: River Journeys: Senator Margaret Dawn Anderson, Sharon Snowshoe, Vera Houle, Martina Norwegian, and Leela Gilday.

Nunavut Law: Jessica Shabtai, Stephen Mansell, Lorraine Thomans, Aaju Peter, Martin Phillipson, Nuka Olsen Hakongek, Hannah Uniuqsaraq, Cody Dean, and PJ Akeeagok.

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Resilience Training and Healing Program: Front row: The Hon. Mélanie Joly, Chad Thomas, Michelle Kolla, Premier Sandy Silver, Ben Asquith, Jordan Profit, Nathan Smith, and Brandon Smith. Back row: Colin Asselstine, Nelson Lepine, and Wayne Risby.

Trades of Tradition: Nathan Manipik, Ben Sharpe, Sal Paungrat, Renee Okalik, Cherylu Piugattuk, and Sarah Leo.

Baffin Youth Outdoor Education Project: Mumilaaq Qaqqaq, Leetia Eegeesiak, Brittany Masson, Aasta Idlout, Annie Cyr-Parent, and Jovan Simic.

Yukon Youth Healthcare Summit: Anna Billowits and Geri-Lee Buyck.

Northern Compass, a program to create culturally relevant pathways from high school through post-secondary education and on to fulfilling careers for youth in Nunavut and the Northwest Territories, received the top prize of $1 million. The monies will help the program provide youth with trained coaches, accessible and relevant resources, on-campus programming, and a network of role models and volunteers. In addition to the $1 million prize, four prizes were awarded in the AIP category that awards up to $500,000 to each laureate team. Winners were:

Dehcho: River Journeys was recognized for its multi-media project that will explore how the past 100 years have transformed the Mackenzie River from the Dehcho to the Delta. Students will collaborate on two short films, one based on archival materials and the other chronicling a modern-day journey on the river with present-day Elders. The vmπ5 Kamajiit program will address the root causes of high school drop-out rates and suicide in three communities in Nunavut through programming youth can access before and after school every day. The program will offer access to healthy food, hygiene products, MARAPR 2020 | 02

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LIVING ABOVE&BEYOND

showers and laundry facilities, as well as handson creative activities grounded in Inuit culture and language. Youth will also have access to mentors and local job opportunities. The Nunavut Law Program (NLP) will provide graduates with professional learning opportunities and a strong foundation in Inuit traditional law through participation in a circumpolar exchange with the University of Lapland, in mooting, student support and bursaries, traditional law and cultural activities. Students will graduate with a Juris Doctor degree and will be equipped with the unique knowledge and skills needed to practice law in Nunavut. The Resilience Training and Healing Program (RTHP) will respond to challenges with mental illness, addiction and suicide among youth and wildland firefighters. RTHP will employ a holistic approach to wellness tailored to each participant, will address trauma through traditional practices and knowledge, land-based healing, and mentorship, and will include a financial literacy component. In the Youth category, three prizes were awarded, worth up to $100,000 each.

The Baffin Youth Outdoor Education (BYOE) Project will foster personal growth, skills development and social and cultural awareness by teaching youth traditional activities and adventures on the land. By providing community members with the opportunity to develop the traditional skills of hunting, sewing, drum-making and drumming, Trades of Tradition will preserve traditional knowledge, build connections between youth and elders, strengthen the cultural identities of participants, and address the root causes of prevalent social issues in their communities, including substance abuse and suicide. The Yukon Youth Healthcare Summit will address the need to increase the representation of Indigenous Yukoners in post-secondary education – particularly in the field of health care – by exposing them to a variety of health care professions through a series of multi-day summits in partnership with the Whitehorse General Hospital.

The Arctic Inspiration Prize awards ceremony was held in conjunction with the Northern Lights Business and Cultural Showcase at the Shaw Centre in Ottawa, Ontario, with performances by some of the North’s most talented artists, performing under the direction of the NWT’s Juno award winner Leela Gilday; and included Deantha Edmunds, Inuk classical soloist; the guitar-fiddle duo of Yukoners Boyd Benjamin and Kevin Barr; Nunavik’s Sylvia Cloutier; Dene Orator Lawrence Nayally; and Arctic Soul icons, Josh Q and The Trade-Offs. 18

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Top left: Lea-Christine Sara at the team Sapmi cross-country ski training week in Ylläs, Finland. Whitehorse 2020 will be Lea-Christine’s first time attending Arctic Winter Games as well as her first trip outside of Europe. Above: Team NWT alumni and retired NHL player Jordin Tootoo credits his experience at the Arctic Winter Games in 1996 in Eagle River as a highly influential point in the development of his hockey career. Top right: First-time Arctic Winter Games athlete for Team Yukon, Eva Nielsen snuggles her favourite sled dog Suzie. Eva is competing in dog mushing. Left: Veronica MacDonald, with Team NWT, an experienced Arctic Sports athlete and Junior Women’s world record holder in Kneel jump, shows off her Arctic Winter Games medal collection. © Midnight Light Media Inc. (4)

Celebrating circumpolar sport and culture for 50 years The Arctics is a never seen look at the history and impacts of the Arctic Winter Games, an international biennial multi sport games that has been celebrating circumpolar sport and culture in the North since 1970. This short documentary follows the stories of characters from across the nine contingents that make up

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the international competition as they prepare to partake in the 2020 Arctic Winter Games which mark 50 years since first opening in Yellowknife, Northwest Territories. From first-time athletes in the Sapmi region of Norway to the experienced sledge jumpers of Yamal Russia to the Arctic Winter Games

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alumni of Nunavut who’ve gone on to become professional athletes, and the coaches who’ve made all the difference along the way, The Arctics will look at the spirit of sport across the North and its power to inspire, transform and elevate. Visit www.midnightlightmedia.ca/thearctics for more info.

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Indigenous exhibits explore traditional practices and economy Part of the w exhibit: Anthony Manernaluk (Canadian (Rankin Inlet), b. 1931). Muskox, 1967. Stone, caribou antler. 17.2 x 29 x 6 cm. Collection of the Winnipeg Art Gallery. Gift of Joanne Barkley, 2016-430. © Ernest Mayer, courtesy of the Winnipeg Art Gallery

The Winnipeg Art Gallery (WAG) presently has two indigenous exhibitions open to the public. Subsist and w are curated by Jaimie Isaac, WAG Curator of Indigenous and Contemporary Art, and Jocelyn Piirainen, WAG Assistant Curator of Inuit Art. On view until May 2020, subsist features Interdisciplinary work ranging from photography, drawings, sculpture, and installation to explore discussions surrounding the seal hunt, western globalization policies, and the economy. Artists include Maureen Gruben, Mark Igloliorte, Andrew Qappik, Omalluq Oshutsiaq, and Dana Claxton. w is a symbol in both Inuktitut and Anishininiwak syllabics translated as ‘I’ to embody self-determination and solidarity in collective reclamation. The connection between these cultures stems beyond language and syllabics and is presented within sculpture. In 1968, a group of carvers from Garden Hill, Manitoba, The Ministic Sculpture Co-operative, travelled to Rankin Inlet, Nunavut, to research Inuit stone carving and how the Arctic Co-ops were organized. At that time, Rankin Inlet artists were exploring ceramics, having been recently introduced to clay through a federal government-run project inspired by Indigenous pottery from the south. The clay and stone sculptures in this ongoing exhibition display influences of each cultures’ established practice and methods in material and form. Visit wag.ca. Part of the subsist exhibit: Andrew Qappik (Canadian (Pangnirtung), b. 1964). Protest, 1986. Stonecut on paper, 42/50, 36.8 x 32.5 cm. Collection of the Winnipeg Art Gallery. Given by the Council for Canadian American Relations through the generosity of H.G. Jones, 2006-261. © Leif Norman

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RESOURCES

Connecting global investors with Canada’s North: Invest Canada North The seemingly unlimited potential of Canada’s North is evident to even the casual observer. For anyone who has had the pleasure of visiting in person, they know the North holds far more than its “ice and eternal winter” southernlabelled stereotype. The three northern territories encompass virtually 40 per cent of the country’s land mass – roughly the size of Europe – and appear to go on forever, with abundant wildlife inhabiting breathtaking environments and boundless scenery that spurs the imagination. But what lies beneath the surface is equally as inspiring – an untapped geological endowment – the envy of most other countries. Canada’s North is home to significant mineral deposits, including gemstones, precious and base metals, rare earths and critical metals that are vital to our modern lives and our communities, and to the world’s transition to a greener, renewable economy. Unlocking its untapped mineral wealth holds much promise, and would benefit generations not just in the region, but the entire country. Thanks to the territories’ various competitive regulatory processes, its strict and sustainable environmental operating conditions, and progressive partnerships with local Indigenous businesses and governments, this mineral wealth is now poised to be unlocked through a number of exciting mining projects. How, you ask, does a mineral exploration or mining project from such a vast, remote and far-flung jurisdiction as the Canadian North attract the capital required to responsibly develop such a resource? Enter Invest Canada North, a recently announced collaboration between the governments of Canada, Yukon, Northwest Territories and Nunavut, along with industry partners the Yukon Mining Alliance and NWT & Nunavut Chamber of Mines. Invest Canada North connects global investors with the many opportunities found in the Canadian North and takes place during the Prospectors and Developers Association of Canada (PDAC) Convention in Toronto, a four-day annual gathering that is the world’s premier mineral exploration and mining convention. The governments and industry partners have announced that Invest Canada North will be featured at PDAC for the next three years, largely thanks to a $500,000 investment from MARAPR 2020 | 02

L to R: Hon. Ranj Pillai, Minister of Economic Development and Energy Mines and Resources – Government of Yukon; Anne Turner, Executive Director, Yukon Mining Alliance; Hon. Sandy Silver, Premier Yukon – Government of Yukon; Larry Bagnell, Member of Parliament for Yukon, and Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Economic Development and Official Languages (Canadian Northern Economic Development Agency); Hon. Caroline Cochrane, Premier of Northwest Territories; Hon. Katrina Nokleby, Minister of Industry, Tourism & Investment – Government of Northwest Territories; and Tom Hoefer, Executive Director, NWT & Nunavut Chamber of Mines. © www.archbould.com

the Canadian Northern Economic Development Agency (CanNor), alongside contributions from the territorial governments and the minerals industry. “Our government proudly supports Canadian business initiatives that respond to the unique needs of regions and communities,” says the Honourable Mélanie Joly, Minister of Economic Development and Official Languages in a statement. “(This) funding announcement is an investment for the future, promoting long term economic development that will help create quality jobs in the territories.” Representatives of the mining industry would seem to agree with the Minister and are appreciative for the opportunity to reach a broader audience. “We are very grateful to have the support of the Canadian and territorial governments to showcase the competitive advantages and opportunities in Canada’s North at one of the world’s biggest annual mining conferences,” says Ken Armstrong, President of the NWT & Nunavut Chamber of Mines, via the same statement. PDAC is attended by delegates and astute investors from around the world, and Invest Canada North offers attendees the opportunity to participate in an exclusive networking reception

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complete with northern food, music and culture, (including the opportunity to test one’s courage with Yukon’s infamous Sour Toe Cocktail), and feature the many partners that create the North’s strong mining ecosystem. Importantly, Invest Canada North’s one-day forum on mineral investment opportunities in Canada’s North is hosted by well-known mining experts and financial influencers, and includes a Media Centre featuring interview opportunities for mineral exploration and mining companies, government officials, Indigenous development corporations, industry partners and financial and investment experts. “Invest Canada North connects global investors with the significant untapped mineral potential, strong geopolitical stability and progressive Indigenous and community partnerships found in Canada’s North,” says Anne Turner, Executive Director of the Yukon Mining Alliance. “We look forward to sharing the amazing opportunities the North has to offer, both during this year’s PDAC and in the months and years that follow.” Invest Canada North March 1-4, in Toronto, Ontario. Visit their website to learn more about the exciting projects and partners: www.investcanadanorth.ca. 21



Baffin Safari

by Snowmobile By John Davidson

Baffin Island is big and remote. It is the largest island in Canada and stretches a little over 1,000 miles from north to south. Most of Baffin lies above the Arctic circle, and the island's diverse geography includes vast areas of relatively flat land along its western coast, and the magnificent Baffin mountains along the east coast Arctic cordillera, hosting some of the world's highest shear cliffs, as well as ice caps and glaciers.

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orth of Iqaluit, the hamlets are small ( home to usually less than 1,000 Inuit) and far apart in remote rugged land that has no roads between them. So, when I decided to plan a snowmobile journey from Iqaluit to Pond Inlet, stopping only at the hamlet of Clyde River, many of my friends in the south thought the 1,000-mile snowmobile journey a little too adventurous. They may have been right. For me, the trip was an opportunity of a lifetime, and it also served a practical purpose. Each year, I require a lot of new gear in Pond Inlet for trips to the floe edge. The most economical way to send gear up North is by ship, but because I live in Ottawa and the ships sail months in advance, receiving and storing gear in Pond can be problematic. The other way is to send gear by air freight. Air freight to Iqaluit from the south (Ottawa) is expensive. North of Iqaluit, which is serviced by small turbo prop aircraft, is incredibly expensive. So, plan #3 became an adventure — hauling gear from Iqaluit to Pond Inlet by snowmobile.

John waiting to go, somewhere near North Nettling. © Jeremiah Mullholland

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Camped beside this little waterfall on our way to Dewar Lakes, north of Nettling.

Cabin on Amadjuak Lake. We did not sleep in this cabin, as we came across it early in the day. © Jeremiah Mullholland (5)

I tried this with a friend of mine in 2018 and it was a disaster. We decided to go the "east route" to Pangnirtung but we only made it to Cumberland Sound, having run into deep slush on the sea. Truth is , I was not properly prepared and my buddy was more than a little concerned so we simply turned back with the help of some very experienced Inuit guides out of Iqaluit. With better preparation and knowledge, I planned the trip again in 2019 with a good friend from Denver, Colorado — Jeremiah Mullholland. This time we planned the "west route" across the massive lakes of Amadjuak and Nettling, through the Dewar Lakes Pass and up to just south of the Barnes Ice Cap, and then down through the east coast mountain passes to Clyde River. Along with the gear, we had to haul enough snowmobile fuel for 700 miles. This time I also planned to take an Inuk guide from Iqaluit, however, the snowmobile I planned for him was delayed coming up from Ottawa, and Jeremiah and I made the decision to go on our own as our window of time was getting tight. What a trip! Our experiences and stories are many, but there is one aspect of the trip which had the greatest impact on me. We travelled some of the traditional routes of Inuit generations ago. We didn't see many Inukshuk (a common symbol of the North), but we did see many nalunaikkutaq “markers” and a few old rock caches. The “markers” were simply single elongated

Exploring traditional routes By Jeremiah Mullholland This expedition was one of the most awesome experiences of my entire life! After an Inuit guide showed us out of town (Iqaluit), John and I headed out into the white abyss. There were a few times I thought about how tough you must be, mentally and physically, to have survived on this land years and years ago. This was by far the most remote travelling I have ever done and it gave me time to think about how early explorers might have felt travelling new lands. It was an unforgettable trip with some unfortunate events and some extraordinary good luck! Seeing the caribou and the Inuit “markers” gave me a good feeling that we indeed were on the right route. We also came across 24

several cabins that the Inuit use for hunting and fishing. These were very basic structures but provided us with a great sense of comfort, shelter and a bit of warmth. Seeing the names of people that signed on the walls of these cabins, and then adding ours, gave me a feeling of being in a select club. Not too many people go to these cabins. When we finally started our home stretch into Clyde River, I had an overwhelming feeling of accomplishment! I am sure the first Inuit who saw us in Clyde had to do a double take! It was an adventure that I will never forget, one of a lifetime!

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Last campsite before Clyde River on the ocean near Aulitvik Island.

stones held upright at the top of rock outcrops to make them visible. They, of course, gave us a sense of comfort travelling through the remote regions of Baffin knowing we were probably on the right “trail,” but for me they were also “markers” of reflection on a time when travel was incredibly difficult and dangerous. The “markers” and the rock caches kept reminding me of what it would have been like to be there years and years ago with a dog team or even by foot, in pursuit of food — following the caribou. We saw many caribou, pushed and pulled our machines up and around waterfalls, slept in our tent and occasional cabin, met Inuit hunters along the way, and rode into Clyde with pride. (Later in May I completed the entire south to north Baffin journey by snowmobile to Pond Inlet with my friend and guide from Clyde, Noah Ashevak). An eventful trip. A wonderful and remote land — one the Inuit are so comfortable in, but for me, the crazy adventure of a lifetime. Planning it all again for 2020. Jeremiah’s selfie with hunters Leslie Ashevak, Joamie Qillaq (and John) at Dewar Lakes. Below: Looking back at our machines trying to decide the best route up (Dewar Lakes Pass).

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Ice Fishing on Cumberland Sound Text and photos by Jason Nugent

Spring has started to arrive in Nunavut. The days are long, and the sun is bright. The temperatures, however, are still well below freezing and the ice on Cumberland Sound, a body of water more than a thousand feet deep in places, is still plenty thick for ice fishing.

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arrive in the town of Pangnirtung via charter plane from Iqaluit. The flight is just over an hour long, and the airport sits right on the edge of the water. Pangnirtung is often called the Switzerland of the Arctic, and with peaks in the background — the highest on the Canadian Shield — it is easy to understand why. I walk out of the plane and right off the runway, and down to the ice where I meet Peter Kilabuk and his crew of fishermen. Peter is from Pangnirtung and knows the area very well. In the past, he worked as a Park Warden in Auyuittuq National Park and now operates an expediting and outfitting service. He exudes confidence and charisma, and I know that I’m going to have a great day. Originally, the plan for Pangnirtung involved going into Auyuittuq National Park. That’s where Mount Thor and Mount Asgard are. You’ve seen Mount Asgard before, if you’ve watched The Spy Who Loved Me. The ski jump scene in the intro was filmed on it. Mount Thor, on the other hand, features Earth’s greatest vertical drop at 4,101 feet. Seeing these mountains has been on my bucket list for a very long time. The problem, however, is that the Park was closed when we visited the region. There’s simply not enough snow to prevent terrain damage, and Parks Canada was doing the right thing and keeping it off limits. Not enough snow in the Arctic Circle, in April? Climate change is a real thing, and here in the Arctic its effects are most prevalent. Crews ice fish all winter long, and the process is a lot of work. We climb onto snow machines pulling qamutiit, traditional Inuit sleds, and head out onto Cumberland Sound to a spot some 20 kilometres away. Occasionally, we stop to make sure the ice looks safe. On one occasion a seal is spotted out in the middle of the Sound, but we stay away since seals usually surface only where the ice is thin. I am grateful for the expertise possessed by Peter and his crew, since the water here is more than a thousand feet deep. When we arrive at the cabin — itself on a sled so it can be removed at the end of the season — everyone gets to work. The hole, frozen over since the last visit, is broken open and small pieces of Arctic char are cut up for bait. More than one hundred hooks are baited on a line carefully laid out on the ice. The line is very long, since it must reach all the way to the bottom The long fishing line, baited, laid out on the ice before lowering it. M A R A P R 2 0 2 0 | 0 2 A B O V E & B E Y O N D — C A N A D A’ S A R C T I C J O U R N A L

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The ice fishing shed and snow machines, pulling qamutiit.

of the Sound, where the turbot are. We learn that it is very important to know where other fishermen have placed lines, since trying to disentangle lines below the ice surface is an incredibly difficult job. Slowly, the weighted line is lowered into the hole and adjusted so the current carries it along the bottom. And then the waiting begins. Since this experience wasn’t an overnight one, the plan is to wait about two hours, and then haul in the line. Normally, fishermen will wait as long as eight hours, even spending the night in the cabin in temperatures below -40 Celsius. Often, if a line can be set at night, teams will return to Pangnirtung and then return in the morning, and the catch is hauled up. Usually the line is reset and placed down in the water again. As we wait, we spend time in the cabin. With a small cooking stove burning, the cabin becomes very warm, and soon jackets and boots come off, food and warm drink is shared, and stories are told. Peter has lived here his whole life, and tells stories about incredible winter storms, and powerful winds that have blown ice fishing cabins away. The tradition has extended to his children, and even his grandchildren. Peter’s son is also a fisherman and he has brought his granddaughter out to the cabin as well. Listening to Peter share his knowledge, I realize that fishing here is not just a profession but a way of life, and to be successful at it requires lifetimes of knowledge, passed down from generation to generation. After our wait, the process of bringing the line back up begins. Nowadays it’s done with a small gasoline engine, but it used to be done via hand crank. The line is extremely heavy, especially if there are fish on it. Remember, the line must go all the way to the bottom of the Sound, and then lie along the bottom since that is where the fish are. In this case, we end up with more than 40 fish, all of which are cleaned and filleted right there on the ice. I am astounded at how quickly the work is completed, and how little is left behind for the hawks and eagles that will find it after we leave. By now, it is late afternoon and the wind has picked up, adding tremendously to the cold. Despite the drop in temperature, I watch the wind move the drifts of snow on the open ice, sculpting them into shapes I’ve seen in artwork in Nunavut. The Opposite: An elder discards leftover scraps after cleaning a turbot. Inset: Fish are cleaned and filleted right on the ice. M A R A P R 2 0 2 0 | 0 2 A B O V E & B E Y O N D — C A N A D A’ S A R C T I C J O U R N A L

Peter works a gasoline powered engine to haul the loaded line back up.

qamutiit now have containers of turbot packed on them, and I am thankful the wind is out of the west as we head back to Pangnirtung. The 20-kilometre snowmobile ride back would have been much less comfortable had the wind not been at our backs. Despite the cold, I am continually struck by how beautiful the area is and wish I had more time to spend here. I suspect a night out on the ice, on a clear night with the Aurora shining above would be an unforgettable experience. The whole day is an experience I will not soon forget. Peter and his crew are incredibly kind to share their time and expertise, and I feel very privileged to have been able to do this, since it’s not something that visitors to the region usually get to experience. I come away with a better sense of understanding why Inuit communities feel so connected to the land they share, and some knowledge about why it’s so important that we all work together to protect it. 29


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Visit to the Wreck of

HMS Erebus an adventurous experience By David F. Pelly

Sometimes you just happen to be in the right place at the right time. In early September 2019, photographer Mike Beedell and I were travelling as resource staff on an Adventure Canada expedition ship, sailing from Kugluktuk, Nunavut, eastward through the Northwest Passage. For the third year in a row, Adventure Canada was attempting to visit the wreck-site of the HMS Erebus. In previous years, weather and ice had conspired against them, just as conditions had been consistently unfavourable for the Parks Canada underwater archaeologists working at the site. This time, the forces of Nature cooperated. On September 5, 2019, the Adventure Canada passengers became the first ever “tourists” to visit the Erebus. One Zodiac (with approximately 10 passengers) at a time nudged up gently against the Parks Canada barge, moored directly overhead the wreck lying below on the seabed, the deck of the Erebus only four or five metres below the surface of the water. Not only were they the first guests to visit this historic site, they did so while the archaeological work was underway. A Parks Canada diver surfaces from the Erebus with some of the first artifacts. © Mike Beedell

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The David Thompson, support ship for the Parks Canada archaeological investigation, anchored near the Erebus. © Mike Beedell (3)

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e gathered around Marc André Bernier, Chief Underwater Archaeologist for Parks Canada, who welcomed us to the dive site. He explained how his team worked, slowly examining the detailed clues contained within the wreck. While the diver explored below us, we could watch the video screen showing close-ups of the wreck transmitted from the helmet-mounted camera worn by the diver. It felt almost as if we were down there with her. As she worked, Bernier pointed out on a wall-chart of the shipwreck where the diver was, which hole in the ship’s side she was reaching through at that moment. The process of creating the detailed map of the ship is a technological marvel. It was done with computer software that was not available just a few years ago, according to Bernier. The drawing previously would have been done by hand. Perhaps, he muses, we are well served by the passage of time since the ships were lost during a quest for the Northwest Passage. That elapsed time is just shy of 175 years. HMS Erebus, along with HMS Terror, departed England in May of 1845, and spent the next winter in a small natural harbour at Beechey Island, a location which has become something of a mecca for Arctic history buffs. From there the ships sailed south, into the unknown, and became locked in ice off the northwestern shore of King William Island. How and when the ships moved

Charles Dagneau stands in front of the elaborately detailed map of the Erebus.

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A Zodiac arrives from Adventure Canada’s Ocean Endeavour to visit the Erebus site.

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Parks Canada archaeologist Ryan Harris (the first man to see the Erebus in 2014 with his side scan sonar) explains the technology that helped find this world-class wreck. © Mike Beedell

Marc-Andre Bernier, Manager, Underwater Archaeology Team, shows a recently recovered bottle from the Erebus wreck to Inuit culturalists and other staff from Adventure Canada who were part of the first visitor experience, September 5, 2019. L to R: Jessica Winters, Joe Evyagotailak, Lois Suluk, Scott Forsyth and Mike Beedell (kneeling). © Tamara Tarasoff, Parks Canada

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from that location to the sites of their recent discoveries are among the many questions researchers now hope to answer. On board our ship, a modern ice-reinforced platform which carries tourists safely through the Northwest Passage, we had a remarkable link to this history. Perhaps, in the manner of the “universe unfolding as it should,” this is why it was this trip which succeeded for the first time in delivering guests to the wreck-site of Erebus. Notably, with us on the Adventure Canada resource staff was Lois Suluk, from Arviat. She is a direct descendant (at least a great-great-great-grandchild) of William Ulibbaq (aka Maqqu), the man who travelled with, and guided, John Rae in 1854. It was Maqqu who contacted Inuit in the region of Pelly Bay, and learned from them the first pieces of Inuit oral testimony which ultimately provided irrefutable evidence as to what had happened to the ships and their men. Now, all these years later, the slow and methodical process of unravelling the ships’ secrets has begun, one clue at a time. As one of the eight divers at the project returned to the surface, the first thing she did was pass to waiting hands the bag containing a new artifact just discovered, mapped and photographed in place, and then removed. In the lab on board the barge, an array of tub-trays along the counter contained the last week’s collection. The visitors looked on in awe, almost disbelief, at what they witnessed, knowing how privileged they were just to be there. One of the divers explained a few of the artifacts:

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Approaching the Parks Canada archaeological barge anchored over the Erebus, which houses the lab and sophisticated equipment for diving and supporting the research. © Mike Beedell

• An entirely intact bottle that contained a cork when they found it, so the contents were preserved for analysis. • A beautifully worked and decorated wooden handle, found in one of the junior officer’s cabins, with a block of sealing wax nearby, which leads to speculation that it is the handle of the officer’s seal, used for personal letters. The divers hope to find the metal piece from the end of the handle, which would probably have the officer’s initials. • The sole of a boot — potential DNA evidence. • A glass decanter found in an officer’s cabin, probably his personal supply of a favourite tipple. • A pair of silver sugar tongs. The conservation and analysis of the artifacts recovered from the ship is also a much more advanced process than it would have been just 20 years ago. As a result, a more complete picture of what happened in Erebus and Terror will one day soon be revealed. Standing on the barge above the wreck, feeling so close to history despite the span of many years, we listened as Bernier explained where the divers were working to “excavate” the artifacts, while he pointed at the computer-enhanced drawing of the Erebus. He admits it is an unprecedented experience. Two ships that have been lying on the bottom of the Arctic Ocean for nearly 175 years, rich with artifacts, representing the most compelling mystery of Arctic exploration — “It’s a lot of work, and it’s incredibly exciting,” says Bernier. “Every day is an adventure. We don’t know what we’re going to find, but the thing we do know is that we’re going to see something new and discover new things. “The first question is: How did the ship get here? By itself? With the ice? Or did some of the men go back to the ships and sail the ships south?” If so, they probably sailed together into Terror Bay, where the wreck of HMS Terror now lies. The Erebus M A R A P R 2 0 2 0 | 0 2 A B O V E & B E Y O N D — C A N A D A’ S A R C T I C J O U R N A L

is directly south of that site, suggesting perhaps it was later blown south and trapped there. Myriad questions will all be answered in due course. The archaeologists will discover what, if any, food was left on board, what sort of activities the men were engaged in, what was the state of their equipment, and many more clues to answer these and thousands of other questions. Marc André Bernier says, “My colleagues all around the world are jealous!” He modestly acknowledges there are lots of questions to answer and sums it up as “a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity for an archaeologist.” Surely it is beyond that. But the 200-odd guests from Adventure Canada would agree that this day was, for them, a once-in-a-lifetime experience, participating in a genuinely historic moment. David F. Pelly and Mike Beedell are long-time contributors to above&beyond Magazine, who have also served as resource staff on Adventure Canada trips for many years. Adventure Canada was selected by Parks Canada as the partner responsible to deliver the first visitors to the National Historic Site at the wreck of HMS Erebus. www.davidpelly.com www.mikebeedellphoto.ca www.adventurecanada.com

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SPORTS

CFL athletes motivate youth to set goals By Esks Staff

Edmonton Eskimo players Ryan King and Godfrey Onyeka visit East 3 school in Inuvik, Northwest Territories, to conduct anti bullying sessions and flag football activities. © Esks Staff (2)

It’s hard to tell who had a more amazing experience. Edmonton Eskimos players Ryan King and Godfrey Onyeka, along with ex-Eskimos offensive lineman Andrew Jones, who is now the team’s community relations co-ordinator, or the three Inuvialuit students who won youth service awards and earned an opportunity, courtesy of the Eskimos, to attend a Canadian Football League (CFL) game at The Brick Field at Commonwealth Stadium. Mackenzie Cockney, 13, Madison SteenCockney, 13, and Edward Pokiak, 12, took a four-hour flight from Inuvik to Edmonton (two of them also had to take a two-hour chartered bus ride to get to Inuvik). Once there, they went to Rogers Place to watch part of a Florida Panthers National Hockey League (NHL)

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practice, with their faces pressed up against the glass. They went on the field to hold the giant flag for the national anthem and take pre-game pictures with the Eskimos fire truck, cheerleaders and mascots Punter and Nanook. Ryan brought them into the dressing room for five minutes before the game to show them some of the equipment the Eskimos wear and also arranged for autographs with his teammates after the game. “These kids are going to be able to express how good a time they had up here,” Ryan said. Meanwhile, Tara Day, Administrative Assistant and Communications Associate for the Inuvialuit Regional Corporation (IRC), is counting on the three award winners to “be great role models continuing on from here” in their communities.

Edward had been to three previous Eskimos games, but it was the first time for Madison and Mackenzie. “Awesome,” was Madison’s impression of the Eskimos game against the Saskatchewan Roughriders. “I like when they tackle each other.” On the flip side, the Eskimos players and personnel were just as overwhelmed by their visit to Inuvik and Tuktoyaktuk earlier in October. “We drove two hours on the road to Tuktoyaktuk and never saw one intersection and only met one car,” says Alan Watt of the Eskimos Marketing and Communications department. “It was an eye-opener.” Alan had visited the Inuvialuit Settlement Region two years ago with former Eskimos President and CEO Len Rhodes. “People said, ‘You should come up here and bring players and go to our schools,” Alan recalls. “So, we did that.” The IRC organized the trip for the Eskimos that included the 142-km journey from Inuvik to Tuktoyaktuk with Tara driving a big SUV to all the school visits and 14 opportunities to talk to 1,000 children at the elementary, junior high and high school levels. “Andrew, Ryan and Godfrey spoke at the schools about bullying, setting goals and reaching for them,” Tara says. “What a cool experience it was for us to go up there and do some community work,” says Ryan, who also took advantage of the chance to take a quick swim in the Arctic Ocean and taste ‘country food’ like Muktuk (raw Beluga Whale), caribou soup, dried fish and Inuvialuit donuts. “We were welcomed with open arms the moment we landed. They did a tremendous job getting everything set up for us so we could be super efficient with our time and be able to see as many kids and community members as we could.

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SPORTS

Madison Steen-Cockney, Edward Pokiak, Kaylin Day and Mackenzie Cockney are special guests of the Edmonton Eskimos at Commonwealth Stadium, including a post game picture at mid-field.

“We were received so well, especially at the schools with the kids. These kids don’t often get to see figures like us go up into their communities and talk to them. I noticed even from the first talk to the last, that every single thing we said these kids were listening to and digesting it all. It was really cool to see the impact that we could have in a small-town community like that. “One of the coolest things that I saw was in Tuktoyaktuk,” Ryan continues. “We gave out about 250 footballs, and the kids got out about half an hour before we left the school. When we started driving through the community, I looked over and saw what we thought were birds flying all over, which is a normal scene up there, and it was actually the mini footballs flying all over the community. It was one of those moments of awe where I wish I took a picture of it or video, but all of us in the car were just shocked. There were 250 footballs flying around a community. Kids were outside, smiling, laughing, having a good time. “That’s what these kids need. These kids need a sense of hope or a sense of opportunity out there. That’s the message we delivered to them.” An example of one of the discussions the Eskimos players had with the students is that the chance of a high school player becoming a pro athlete is one per cent. Ryan, 33, who has been the Eskimos long snapper for eight seasons, and Godfrey, 25, a second-year defensive back, were able to beat the odds and play professional football, but their message wasn’t just about sports. “We try to deliver the messages of motivation and being able to fight adversity for them to then be ‘the one-per-cents’ in their communities. It doesn’t have to be to play pro sports, but if it’s ‘the one-per-cent’ who starts a charitable organization up there, if it’s ‘the one-per-cent’ who leaves the community to explore other opportunities, if it’s ‘the one-per-cent’ who stays there and has a massive impact. “So, we try to drive that ‘one-per-cent’ vibe and motivate them to do something different for their communities so they can give back, too.” MARAPR 2020 | 02

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E D U C AT I O N

The Diavik Diamond Mine offers tours of the mine. © Photo courtesy Rio Tinto Diamonds

NWT Diamond Centre Showcasing the Canadian diamond industry Proudly located in the heart of Yellowknife, the Northwest Territories Diamond Centre has 3,000 square feet dedicated to showcasing the wonders of the Canadian diamond industry – the history, the mines, and, of course, the beautiful diamonds that were unearthed in the Canadian North billions of years ago. The Centre opened its doors in 2012 with the sole purpose of celebrating the Canadian diamond industry. It features a live diamond polishing exhibit, information on the diamond mines, and one of the largest selections of Canadian diamonds in the country. The product ranges from the most exquisite bridal designs for celebrating engagements and life’s beautiful moments to gift ideas with Canadian diamonds set in silver designed to commemorate Canada’s breathtaking Northern terrain. Each polished diamond has a unique number inscribed on the diamond girdle with a maple leaf to celebrate its Canadian origin. The Canadian diamond jewellery is available to purchase on-site. The Northwest Territories Diamond Centre is located in Yellowknife at 5105 49th Street in the heart of the city. It serves thousands of visitors each year, many tourists from around the world, and includes diamonds from the best sources in the world. © Crossworks Manufacturing Ltd. MARAPR 2020 | 02

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E D U C AT I O N

Under a microscope the brilliance of the carats can be seen. A staff member demonstrates how to view a diamond under a microscope to see the Canadian maple leaf and the individual diamond number inscribed on each diamond. © Doris Ohlmann (2)

The Centre welcomes approximately 20,000 tourists a year from around the world. On busy days, there are more than 100 visitors in the store at once. Many tourists come to Yellowknife to visit the spectacular Northern Lights and stop by the Centre to say hello to the friendly staff (who speak over five languages!), watch a diamond being polished live or purchase a Canadian diamond to commemorate their Northern experience. The Centre was built by Crossworks Manufacturing, a family-owned diamond manufacturing company and part of the HRA Group of Companies. A second-generation Canadian company, Crossworks is headquartered in Vancouver, British Columbia, and has diamond

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The Centre is the premium source for information on the Canadian diamond industry, with multiple walls designed for walking tours that illustrate the history of the Canadian diamond industry. The Centre’s friendly staff are all knowledgeable in the many topics surrounding Canadian Northern diamonds. © Crossworks Manufacturing Ltd.

polishing factories in Yellowknife and Ontario. Although it also has operations all over the world, Crossworks is known as the premium source of Canadian diamonds in the world. The Canadian mines are committed to best practices surrounding environmental impact and ensure that everything possible is done to leave the smallest environmental footprint. Uri Ariel, President of Crossworks Manufacturing, says, “As a Canadian company, we want to promote and highlight the Canadian diamond industry. We want to provide Canadians and Northerners the opportunity to purchase a diamond that originates from our country. We want visitors and tourists to learn about our beautiful country, our industry and the wonderful benefit and jobs it brings to our communities.” The Centre is also the northern most Forevermark store in the world. Forevermark, a brand launched by miner De Beers, stands for beautiful, rare and responsibly sourced. All Forevermark diamonds are tracked from mine to finger and sourced from the world’s most premier mines, dedicated to benefiting the communities that surround them. A definite must-see for all local Yellowknifers and tourists, the NWT Diamond Centre and Crossworks Manufacturing have dedicated years of resources and service to promote the Canadian diamond industry around the world to ensure its sustainability. The Centre proudly sources its diamond product from Canadian origins and takes great pride in servicing the needs of Canadians and visitors alike. Stop by seven days a week to say hello! MARAPR 2020 | 02

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C U LT U R E

Hot air balloon in a cold climate.

Celebrating Spring at Toonik Tyme Text and photos by Nick Newbery Iqaluit’s Toonik Tyme celebrates the end of winter’s harshness and gets people out like bears from their winter dens! In Nunavut communities there is always some form of spring celebration, often called Hamlet Day, but in Iqaluit, the territorial capital, the community runs a festival for a week to 10 days every April, with one weekend particularly packed with events. Started in 1965, Toonik Tyme has become a fixture in the local diary with a reputation for cross-cultural activities, which attract people from all over Nunavut as well as from Greenland, the Western Arctic, southern Canada and elsewhere, often lured by reduced price travel packages which are attractive enough that hotel vacancies are hard to find for a few days and eateries are always packed. Run by a volunteer committee who work with local sponsors, Toonik Tyme provides a concentrated package of North-South events, many of them free and catering to all ages, providing local residents and visitors alike with a healthy mix of activities delivered in Inuktitut, English and French. Each year an Honorary Toonik is chosen to oversee the week’s events (the Tuniit were people who lived in the Eastern Arctic before the ancestors of today’s Inuit). In the past, the Toonik was a distinguished person such as John Diefenbaker or Prince Charles who was given the award but nowadays the preference is for a local individual who has contributed to the community in some special way.

Ice golf professionals.

Lining up for the race to Kimmirut.

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C U LT U R E Fashion show, Nunavut-style.

Ready, steady, go.

Other than the big opening and closing ceremonies, which are always popular, the events have tended to fall into three groups over the years, reflecting traditional Inuit practices, more modern Inuit activities or those laced with more southern tastes, providing an intriguing and unique contrast of lifestyles, mirroring life in Iqaluit today. By way of traditional Inuit activities, one might see competitions both on the land and in town in the form of dog team races, igloo building, tea and bannock making, seal skinning, harpoon throwing or ptarmigan and seal hunting. In the more modern vogue, there are events such as snowmobile racing, either up hill behind town, drag racing on the sea ice or the marathon race to Kimmirut, a small community about 100 km away. The latter is perhaps the prestige event, lasting less than four hours for some, featuring a course over sea ice, mountains and very rough terrain but with a handsome monetary prize, much of which is likely spent afterwards on repairs to the winning machine! And then there are the cross-cultural activities, spearheaded by the huge craft fair, popular for its variety of goods for sale but in particular for the opportunity to buy items reflecting Inuit culture and craftsmanship made with local materials such as carvings, fur clothing, ulus and jewelry. The program can vary from year to year; from giant bingos, and community feasts in the schools to the ever-popular Fear Factor, from golf on the ice or mini golf in town to bands from both North and South of Sixty. As if that were not enough, there may be hot air balloon rides, bicycle dress-up contests, under-the-net races, fashion shows or chariot races. For the young there are sliding competitions on seal skins, sheets of plastic or even garbage bags, while those inclined to move more slowly have their own activities in the Elders’ Centre. At one point, usually on a weekend afternoon, it would not be unusual if one drove out onto the sea ice to find today’s ever-changing Inuit world come together in an Arctic collage, with golf being played on a nine-hole course on the ice, a dog team trotting by taking visitors out for tea and bannock at a nearby island, while a jet plane roars low overhead, heading towards the nearby airport with its new $300 million terminal. Iqaluit is no longer viewed as a neglected outpost of the British Empire. It is the capital of the territory of Nunavut, the place where Inuit have lived for centuries, whose people run their own affairs but put on an event each spring which not only brings the community together but welcomes others to enjoy their culture and homeland.

Igloo building contest.

Under-the-net race.

MARAPR 2020 | 02

Nick Newbery taught in several communities in Nunavut from 1976-2005. The photos in this article are from Nick’s Arctic photo collection which can be found at www.newberyphotoarchives.ca and should be viewed from a historical perspective.

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H E A LT H

Rivers to Oceans Day Connecting humans, the land and aquatic ecosystems By Dawn Tremblay and Katharine Thomas, on behalf of Ecology North

On a warm June day, snuggled between World Oceans Day (June 8) and Canadian Rivers Day (second Sunday in June), over 300 youth flood onto the shores of Frame Lake in downtown Yellowknife to celebrate everything from Rivers to Oceans.

Wilfrid Laurier University has hands-on experiments that demonstrate how plants take up water. All smiles during the kayak relay races with the Somba K'e Paddle Club. © Government of the Northwest Territories, Department of Environment and Natural Resources (4)

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Every year, Rivers to Oceans Day sees enthusiastic participation by elementary school students and teachers from across Yellowknife, often joined by students from the nearby communities of Dettah, Ndilǫ, and Behchokǫ̀, as well as local homeschool students. Before the students arrive, early in the morning, presenters from non-profits, businesses, research institutions, and all levels of government (municipal, territorial, federal, and First Nations) have been working to turn the large, grassy space into a series of fun, interactive stations that will help engage the youth on all things Rivers to Oceans. Over the course of the day, students rotate through stations and learn about a wide range of topics, including coastal erosion, benthic invertebrates, waterfowl, plastic pollution, the historical importance of local waterways for transportation, and water safety. The goal of the event is to get students outside, active, and learning new things in hands-on and engaging ways. For almost a decade, come rain or shine, Ecology North has coordinated Rivers to Oceans

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H E A LT H Students feel the weight of a large fishing net at the Department of Fisheries and Oceans station. © Ecology North

Joint Task Force North's fish dissection station, where kids can sink their hands into fish guts, is always one of the most popular.

Day, an event which brings together a huge number of organizations to foster love, appreciation, and excitement for all things water. The event is hosted in partnership with the Government of the Northwest Territories – Department of Environment and Natural Resources and the Government of Canada’s Department of Fisheries and Oceans. The Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society hosted the event for many years before Ecology North took it on. Rivers to Oceans Day celebrates the interconnectedness of humans, the land, and aquatic ecosystems, and highlights that taking care of local and global waterways is a shared responsibility. Ecology North has been promoting and supporting water stewardship in the North since 1971, nearly 50 years. The annual event reflects perfectly in Ecology North’s overarching mission: to bring people and knowledge together for a healthy northern environment. For the past five decades, Ecology North has been working directly with individuals and communities to foster water stewardship and take direct action to protect and improve the health of local waterways. From working with communities to respond to the effects of climate change on their municipal water systems, to helping with hazardous waste clean-ups across the NWT, educating youth about the northern environment remains one of their most important roles in the community. While this version of Rivers to Oceans Day takes place in Yellowknife, in the past, the event has been put on for students in Hay River, Northwest Territories as well, and Ecology North staff are always happy to support events in other northern communities.

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The Municipal and Community Affairs station takes advantage of being next to Frame Lake to demonstrate some neat filtration systems.

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BOOKSHELF

The Man Who Lived with a Giant Stories from Johnny Neyelle, Dene Elder Edited by Alana Fletcher and Morris Neyelle University of Alberta Press July 2019

Beyond the Trees A Journey Alone Across Canada’s Arctic Adam Shoalts Penguin Random House October 2019

Adam Shoalts has been called one of Canada's greatest living explorers and in 2017 completed a nearly 4,000 km solo journey across Canada's Arctic. From the Yukon to Nunavut, he travels up the Coppermine River, poles for days through the pack of Great Bear Lake, portages across fields of jagged rocks that stretch to the horizon, paddles through gales, and navigates labyrinths of swamps. He experiences the crystalline Arctic water at the bottom of fathomless pristine lakes, the company of wolves loping curiously alongside his route, the astonishing diversity of the Arctic ecosystems, from the countless lakes of the swampy wetlands to the dunes of a northern desert. Heart stopping, filled with wonder, and beautifully attentive to the majesty of the natural world, Beyond the Trees captures the ache for adventure as only an adventurer can.

The Man Who Lived with a Giant is a collection of traditional and personal stories told by Johnny Neyelle, a Dene Elder from Déline, Northwest Territories. Johnny uses storytelling to teach Dene youth and others to understand and celebrate Dene traditions and knowledge. Johnny’s voice makes his stories accessible to readers young and old, and his wisdom reinforces how to live in harmony with people and places. Storytelling forms the core of Dene knowledge-keeping, making this a vital book for Dene people of today and tomorrow, researchers working with Indigenous cultures and oral histories, and all those dedicated to preserving Elders’ stories.

The Big Thaw Policy, Governance, and Climate Change in the Circumpolar North Edited by Ezra B. W. Zubrow, Errol Meidinger, and Kim Diana Connolly SUNY Press September 2019

In The Big Thaw, the editors bring together experts, advocates, and academic professionals to address how climate change in the Circumpolar Arctic is affecting and will continue to affect environments, cultures, societies, and economies throughout the world. The contributors discuss anthropology, sociology, human geography, community economics, regional development and planning, and political science, as well as bio geophysical sciences such as ecology, human-environmental interactions, and climatology.

Carrying a good selection of northern titles. Check out the website. We ship worldwide! 4921 - 49th Street Yellowknife, NT X1A 2N9 1-800-944-6029 / 867-920-2220

yellowknifebooks.com MARAPR 2020 | 02

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Arctic Trivia Quiz

TRIVIA

BY ALAN G. LUKE

It is time to test your knowledge of the Arctic’s vast wealth of land and people that enrich our nation. Their historical and cultural museums, native wildlife and indigenous inhabitants are ours to explore and revere. Illuminate yourself with the following multiple-choice trivia questions. 6. The most northernly territory of Canada is also the largest. Nunavut officially separated from the Northwest Territories and a commemorative coin (“toonie”) and a stamp were created in that year, which was when? a) 1979 b) 1989 c) 1999 d) 2009

1. The Northern Life Museum exhibits myriad artifacts representative of peoples and history of the North. In which Northwest Territory town is it located? a) Fort Smith b) Fort Simpson c) Fort Providence d) Fort Resolution

2. The Yukon Transportation Museum encompasses the history, industry, culture and development of the Yukon’s modes of transportation that are in what community? a) Canyon City b) Whitehorse c) Carcross d) Dawson City

3. The inaugural Arctic Winter Games were held in Yellowknife, Northwest Territories in 1970. This international biennial sports event will be hosted by what city in March 2020? a) Whitehorse c) Inuvik b) Anchorage d) Fairbanks

4. a) b) c} d) e)

Arctic hares collage.

Match the animal to their Inuktitut name: Polar Bear Seal Hare Fox Dog

A) Qimmiq B) Pisukkaaq C) Ukalliq D) Ugruk E) Nanuq

5. Nunavut is an Inuktitut word meaning “our land”. Its capital is Iqaluit which translates into what? a) “meeting place” b) “place of many fish” c) “our people” d) “our strength”

Arctic Winter Games logo. Commemorative Nunavut coin and stamp (1999).

7. A 735 km-long route is the only public highway in North America that crosses the Arctic Circle and is the “Gateway to the Western Arctic,” Inuvik. Select the highway below? a) Alaska Highway b) Dempster Highway c) Highway 61 d) Ventura Highway 8. The Kivallirmiut (Caribou Inuit) are Arctic people who rely on caribou for food, shelter and clothing. What region do they inhabit? a) West Coast of Hudson Bay b) East Coast of Hudson Bay c) Mackenzie Delta d) Baffin Island

9. Polar Bear fur is not white; it is transparent with a hollow core. What is the skin colour of the world’s largest land carnivore? a) pink b) white c) black d) brown

10. The Polar Bear Holding Facility, formerly the Polar Bear Compound (aka “Jail”), was an aircraft storage hangar which currently detains the apex predators in Churchill, Manitoba. How many cells are available to accommodate the ursine occupants? a) 6 b) 12 c) 18 d) 28 Centennial transportation mural with insets. L to R: Canadian Pacific plane, Yukon Transportation Museum exterior mural, old railroad cart.

10. d) 28

9. c) black

8. a) West Coast of Hudson Bay

7. b) Dempster Highway (aka Yukon Highway 5) 6. c) 1999

5. b) “place of many fish”

4. a) E; b) D; c) C; d) B; e) A

3. a) Whitehorse, YT

2. b) Whitehorse, YT

1. a) Fort Smith, NT

ANSWERS:

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INUIT FORUM

© Jessica Deeks

Celebrating Progress for Inuit Children Inuit children often live with disadvantages that prevent success later in life; including inequitable access to health care, fewer opportunities to advance in education, removal from their homes, families and culture, and living with unresolved trauma. ITK advocates to remove these barriers that restrict and harm our most vulnerable. Here are three child-specific initiatives that ITK has fought for that are making a difference today.

Inuit Child First Initiative

Based on commitments made at the Inuit-Crown Partnership Committee, the Inuit Child First Initiative (CFI) is an interim step to ensure children can access the products and services they need, while a long-term Inuit-Equivalent to Jordan’s Principle is developed. Jordan’s Principle was created to ensure First Nations children have access to the supports and services they need in a timely manner, regardless of geographic and bureaucratic discrepancies. For Inuit, it allows us to receive urgent goods and services that our children need to live well. A request can be made for any Inuk child who is a beneficiary of a land claim organization and is under the age of majority in their province or territory. Any group or individual (within or outside Inuit Nunangat) can request child-specific vital services, products and supports. So far, the federal government has approved, on a case-bycase basis: beds, contact lenses, dental restoration surgery, physiotherapy, psychiatric supports, wheel chair ramps, hearing aids, diapers, and much more – even airfare and accommodation are accepted given the circumstances. Under this initiative, an estimated 1,522 products and services (totalling $5.5 million) were approved and delivered between April 1 and December 31, 2019. The federal government’s 2019 Budget committed $220 million over five years to support the Inuit CFI, meaning there’s a lot more room for requests to come.

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ITK President Natan Obed speaks at the announcement of An Act Respecting First Nations, Inuit and Metis Children, Youth and Families, February 28, 2019 in Ottawa. © David Murphy/ITK

An Act Respecting First Nations, Inuit and Métis Children, Youth and Families

It’s tragically too normal for Inuit children to be taken away from their families due to issues of ‘neglect,’ and subsequently placed in care, sometimes hundreds of kilometres away. To address social and economic inequities, the Act is intended to keep Inuit children together with their families and gives greater autonomy to Inuit communities and organizations to protect our children. Indigenous children represent 52 per cent of children in foster care in private homes – although limited data prevents us from knowing how many Inuit children are part of that number, or even where they live within Canada. Through the legislative review process, ITK advocated to amend the legislation to ensure data gathered on Indigenous children in care records whether they are First Nations, Inuit or Métis – and in the case of Inuit, that their affiliated land claim organization is identified. This ensures Inuit are accounted for within the system and that Inuit Land Claim Organizations are aware of where children and youth are located throughout Canada. This enables service providers to connect with Inuit land claim organizations directly, so that Inuit children and youth can continue to receive the benefits they are entitled to under their respective land claim agreements.

Prevention of Child Sexual Abuse in Inuit Nunangat

A significant number of Inuit who die by suicide have experienced abuse and trauma, and physical and sexual violence against children is disturbingly high in our communities. The 2007-2008 Inuit Health Survey showed that 41 per cent of Inuit respondents experienced sexual abuse during childhood. It’s a difficult subject to broach. We love our children – and we owe it to them, to their futures, to discuss the situation. That’s why in 2018 and 2019, ITK hosted a forum of experts from across Inuit Nunangat, Alaska, and Greenland to further the work of the National Inuit Suicide Prevention Strategy (NISPS) on addressing child sexual abuse. The forum was a stage for conversation, and ITK is committed to continuing these meetings and workshops in the future to facilitate knowledge exchange across Inuit Nunangat. These three achievements are important steps to break the cycle of violence, and to advance our rights within this country. Our work is to provide the best possible opportunities for Inuit to succeed, and we will continue to protect the rights of our children every step of the way.

Natan Obed

President, Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami

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