Issuu on Google+

David Benjamin d@thelivingnewyork.com Living Architecture Lab at Columbia The Living


1. Dynamic Facade: Living Glass


Breathing facade

A thin transparent surface with gills that breathe in response to sensors


Air quality


Wireless sensor network


Ecology of building facades


2. Dynamic Facade: Living Light


Air in Seoul

The air of the city is affected by the air of the region, and city officials recognize concerns about air quality.


Existing air quality measurements The city has several existing interfaces to real-time air quality data.


Existing LED facades

The city also has a growing number of facades with dynamic patterns of lighting.


Living Light

Our project combines data about the environment with dynamic lighting to create an interactive facade of the future.


Map of Seoul We start with a map of the city.


Air monitoring stations

We locate the 27 existing air monitoring stations of the Korean Ministry of Environment.


New neighborhood boundaries

We re-draw the neighborhood (gu) boundaries—each new shape encloses the air nearest to one of the sensors.


New map as building roof

We bend the shape of this new map into a dome-shaped roof for a pavilion.


Support structure

We design a support structure of branching columns through a process of multi-objective optimization.


Glow according to data and public interest The dynamic facade responds to real-time air quality data and to public interest in the environment.


1. Display of air quality improvement Neighborhoods light up if air quality is better than last year.


2. Display of real-time air quality

Every hour, the map goes dark and the neighborhoods light up in order of best air quality to worst.


3. Display of public interest in the environment Text message a zip code to the hotline. Make a panel blink and receive a reply with current air quality.


INPUTS: Tower center location Office floor plate aspect ratio Office rotation Office tapering Office shearing Hotel center location Hotel rotation Hotel tapering GOALS: Maximize public space (measured by sky exposure and shadows) Maximize immediate view (measured by unobstructed views) Maximize landmark view (measured by views to fixed landmark) Maximize hotel keys (measured by hotel floor area/average room size) Maximize optimal leasing (measured by office floor area within 10m of exterior) Minimize daily radiation (measured by Ecotect simulation of all panels)

HOTEL

OFFICE

SOFTWARE: Rhino/Grasshopper for 3D modeling Grasshopper for program and view calculations Ecotect for environmental simulation ModeFrontier for optimization RESULT: Identify interesting design trends that meet goals

RETAIL

3. Design workflow: facades+


Workflow


Generation 00

Generation 01

Generation 02

Generation 03

Generation 04

Generation 05

Generation 06

Generation 07

Generation 08

Generation 09

Generation 10

Generation 11

Generation 12

Generation 13

Generation 14

Generation 15

Generation 16

Generation 17

Generation 18

Generation 19

Generation 20

Generation 21

Generation 22

Generation 23

Generation 24

Generation 25

Generation 26

Generation 27

Generation 28

Generation 29

Generation 30

Generation 31

Generation 32

Generation 33

Generation 34

Generation 35

Generation 36

Generation 37

Generation 38

Generation 39

Generation 40

Generation 41

Generation 42

Generation 43

Generation 44

Generation 45

Generation 46

Generation 47

Generation 48

Generation 49

Generation 50

Generation 51

Generation 52

Generation 53

Generation 54

Generation 55

Generation 56

Automated exploration of design options


Visualization of trade-offs


Visualization of trade-offs


Visualization of trade-offs


Visualization of trade-offs


DESIGN 293

DESIGN 652

DESIGN 658

Filtering

Filtering designs—client decides he wants designs with a certain amount of rotation uses this input to filter designs


DESIGN 130

DESIGN 395

DESIGN 597

Filtering

Filtering designs—client decides he wants an iconic tapering form and uses two inputs to filter designs


Leasing depth

Public space

Landmark views

Views

Hotel keys

DESIGN 1101

DESIGN 463

DESIGN 834

Weighting

Weighting designs—baseline scenario


Leasing depth

Public space

Landmark views

Views

Hotel keys

DESIGN 332

DESIGN 517

DESIGN 834

Weighting

Weighting designs—city planner scenario


Leasing depth

Public space

Landmark views

Views

Hotel keys

DESIGN 291

DESIGN 234

DESIGN 736

Weighting

Weighting designs—developer scenario


David Benjamin d@thelivingnewyork.com Living Architecture Lab at Columbia The Living


Facadesplus 2013 nyc david benjamin columbia university