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Dynamic Faรงades: Solving the Design Challenge without Compromise

Helen Sanders SAGE Electrochromics, Inc.


“Ever since the first cave people crept indoors for safety, humans have sought to bring sunlight in from the outside.”

Source: John Pierson. “If Sun Shines In, Workers Work Better, Buyers Buy More.” Wall Street Journal, 11/95.


Why Do We Need Daylight?

“Daylight is a drug and nature is the prescribing physician� (D. Burnet, Benya & Burnet Consulting)


Why Do We Need Daylight? •  Daylight entrains the circadian rhythms which impact • 

the immune system and wound healing

• 

mood and behavior (depression)

• 

hormone regulation

• 

metabolism (weight management)

• 

heart and blood pressure

•  Daylight changes throughout the day: morning light stimulates different processes than afternoon/evening light •  Removal of daylight cycles is linked to: • 

Increased risk of cancer

• 

Obesity/diabetes/high blood pressure

• 

Depression/behavioral issues


•  • 

Today’s (Green) Design Challenge Too hot/cold Glare problems

Low Energy Consumption

Challenge: How can we achieve all three simultaneously?

• 

Occupant thermal & visual comfort

• 

Daylighting and views

• 

Too much heat gain/loss? Inadequate solar control? Daylight not harvested?


Battle for the Wall – Building Codes Windows: Are they the weak energy link in buildings?

Focus on thermal conductance and heat gain - But 20% of the building energy comes from electric lighting -  80% ends up as heat load


Daylighting: Energy Impact 7800

Annual Energy Use (Source)

No lighting controls

Expected shape of energy performance in a high performance building

With continuously dimming lighting controls 7600

7400

Position and depth of minimum depends on many factors: •  Glass VT, SHGC, u-factor •  Depth of daylight zone •  Interior design •  Dimming control details

7200

7000

6800

6600

0

10

20

30

40

50

WWR, %

Reducing window area compromises ability to have enough daylight/views AND misses significant energy savings


Occupant Comfort?

More daylight, if not managed well, can lead to: •  Glare/thermal issues •  Inadequate glare control promotes use of blinds •  Blind/shade use negates daylighting – reduces energy savings •  Blind/shade use eliminates the view!!


Today’s (Green) Design Challenge

Low Energy Consumption

Occupant thermal & visual comfort

Challenge: How can we achieve all three simultaneously?

Daylighting and views


An Elegant Solution?


Example EC Glass Performance

Glare control without needing shades/blinds

11


Product Technology – How Electrochromic Glass Works

12


CASE STUDIES


A “Green” Glass Cube: Morgan Library – Colorado State University

14


Morgan Library

-  Enables highly glazed west facing high altitude façade -  Preserves transparent design intent -  Zoning for optimum control


Morgan Library - CSU


A Glass Cube in Miami?


A Glass Cube in Miami?


Creating a Usable Space: Kimmel Center, Philadelphia, PA


Energy Efficient Historic Renovation: St. Johnsbury Athenaeum, St. Johnsbury, VT


A Very Challenging Problem – A view always Port of Entry, Torrington, WY


Naval Academy – Digital displays?


EC Glazing: Solving the Façade Design Challenge • 

Enabling sustainable designs • 

With high energy performance

• 

Without reducing window area

• 

Without compromising occupant comfort

• 

Elegant and simple façade designs

• 

Enabling unobstructed views – no shades/blinds


Facades: Chi 2013 - Helen Sanders