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Architectural Composites     Bill  Kreysler   President   Kreysler  &  Associates     February  2015  


FRP is:   • Reinforcements   • Matrix   • ThermoplasDc  vs  Thermoset   • Fillers   • Gelcoat   • Cores   • Finishes   • In-­‐mold,  post-­‐applied,  sand   blasted,  wet  sanded,  PC,   translucent,  painted,  other   (rabbit,  perlite)  


FabricaDon processes:    Open  mold    Closed  mold    Filament  Winding    Pultrusion    Vacuum  bagging    Vacuum  infusion    Bladder  molding  


Water AbsorpDon   GFRC  28-­‐Day*  

GFRC Aged*  

16%

16%

FRP**

(30% Chopped  E-­‐glass)  

<0.1%

FRP**

(50% Roving  Fabric  E-­‐glass)  

<0.1%

(*) Per  Precast  /  Prestressed  Concrete  InsDtute  "GFRC  Recommended  PracDce  for  Glass  Fiber  Reinforced   (**)  Sources:  Reinforced  PlasDcs  Handbook  /  John  Murphy;  American  Society  of  Mechanical  Engineers,  ASTM  RTP-­‐1-­‐95  "Reinforced  Thermoset   PlasDc  Corrosion  Equipment“;  American  Society  of  Civil  Engineers,  Structural  PlasDcs  Design  Manual,  1984;  Handbook  of  Composites,  Lubin,   1982;  American  Bureau  of  Shipping,  Guide  for  Classing  and  Building  High  Speed  Crae,  1990  ;  Composites  Fabricators  AssociaDon  -­‐  Architectural   Division  -­‐  Guidelines  and  Recommended  PracDces  for  Fiber  Reinforced  PlasDc  Architectural  Products  

 


UlDmate Flexural  Strength   GFRC  28-­‐Day*  

GFRC Aged*  

2,500 to  4,000   (psi)  

1,300 to  2,000   (psi)  

FRP**

(30% Chopped  E-­‐glass)  

25,000 (psi)  

FRP**

(50% Roving  Fabric  E-­‐glass)  

35,000 (psi)  

(*) Per  Precast  /  Prestressed  Concrete  InsDtute  "GFRC  Recommended  PracDce  for  Glass  Fiber  Reinforced   (**)  Sources:  Reinforced  PlasDcs  Handbook  /  John  Murphy;  American  Society  of  Mechanical  Engineers,  ASTM  RTP-­‐1-­‐95  "Reinforced  Thermoset   PlasDc  Corrosion  Equipment“;  American  Society  of  Civil  Engineers,  Structural  PlasDcs  Design  Manual,  1984;  Handbook  of  Composites,  Lubin,   1982;  American  Bureau  of  Shipping,  Guide  for  Classing  and  Building  High  Speed  Crae,  1990  ;  Composites  Fabricators  AssociaDon  -­‐  Architectural   Division  -­‐  Guidelines  and  Recommended  PracDces  for  Fiber  Reinforced  PlasDc  Architectural  Products  

 


Modulus of  ElasDcity   GFRC  28-­‐Day*  

GFRC Aged*  

1.5 x  106  to  3.0   x  106  (psi)  

2.5 x  106  to  4.0   x  106  (psi)  

FRP**

(30% Chopped  E-­‐glass)  

1.1 x  106  (psi)  

FRP**

(50% Roving  Fabric  E-­‐glass)  

2.4 x  106  (psi)  

(*) Per  Precast  /  Prestressed  Concrete  InsDtute  "GFRC  Recommended  PracDce  for  Glass  Fiber  Reinforced   (**)  Sources:  Reinforced  PlasDcs  Handbook  /  John  Murphy;  American  Society  of  Mechanical  Engineers,  ASTM  RTP-­‐1-­‐95  "Reinforced  Thermoset   PlasDc  Corrosion  Equipment“;  American  Society  of  Civil  Engineers,  Structural  PlasDcs  Design  Manual,  1984;  Handbook  of  Composites,  Lubin,   1982;  American  Bureau  of  Shipping,  Guide  for  Classing  and  Building  High  Speed  Crae,  1990  ;  Composites  Fabricators  AssociaDon  -­‐  Architectural   Division  -­‐  Guidelines  and  Recommended  PracDces  for  Fiber  Reinforced  PlasDc  Architectural  Products  

 


Compressive Strength   GFRC  28-­‐Day*  

GFRC Aged*  

7,000 to  12,000   (psi)  

10,000 to   15,000  (psi)  

FRP**

(30% Chopped  E-­‐glass)  

25,000 to  29,000   (psi)  

FRP**

(50% Roving  Fabric  E-­‐glass)  

23,200 (psi)  

(*) Per  Precast  /  Prestressed  Concrete  InsDtute  "GFRC  Recommended  PracDce  for  Glass  Fiber  Reinforced   (**)  Sources:  Reinforced  PlasDcs  Handbook  /  John  Murphy;  American  Society  of  Mechanical  Engineers,  ASTM  RTP-­‐1-­‐95  "Reinforced  Thermoset   PlasDc  Corrosion  Equipment“;  American  Society  of  Civil  Engineers,  Structural  PlasDcs  Design  Manual,  1984;  Handbook  of  Composites,  Lubin,   1982;  American  Bureau  of  Shipping,  Guide  for  Classing  and  Building  High  Speed  Crae,  1990  ;  Composites  Fabricators  AssociaDon  -­‐  Architectural   Division  -­‐  Guidelines  and  Recommended  PracDces  for  Fiber  Reinforced  PlasDc  Architectural  Products  

 


LCA Comparison of Two Aquarium Tank Systems: Fiber-Reinforced Plastic and Concrete


Lightweight Â


Heydar Aliyev Cultural Center, Baku


One Ocean Pavilion, South Korea


The Walbrook, London


Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam


Halley VI Research Station, Antarctica


California Bay House


Delivering Complexity Presentation  
Delivering Complexity Presentation  

Delivering Complexity Presentation by Bill Kreysler of Kreysler & Associates, Facades+ Conference LA 2015