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BITS
+
MATTER
 Traversing
the
Digital
and
Physical
at
SOM



SCALE


FACADES+INNOVATION




FACADES+INNOVATION




FACADES+INNOVATION




DIGITAL


WHOLE


PART


PHYSICAL


FACADES+INNOVATION




TOOLS
+
COMMUNICATION


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.3Dxml


.stl


.nc
 .dwg


.CS


.dxf
 .ghx
 .3dm


.CatPart


.excel


.pdf
 .xml


.vb


.net


.iges
 FACADES+INNOVATION




.3Dxml


.stl


.nc
 .dwg


.CS


.dxf
 .ghx
 .3dm


.CatPart


.excel


.pdf
 .xml


.vb


.net


.iges
 FACADES+INNOVATION




“Rather
than
being
told
which
tools
are
available
for
 which
ends
it
is
more
useful
to
invent
your
own
tools”
 ‐Richard
Serra


FACADES+INNOVATION




Architect
 Facades
 Structural


Fabricator
 Landscape


FACADES+INNOVATION




Architect


Fabricator


Facades
 Structural


Landscape


FACADES+INNOVATION




MASTER
 MODEL


FACADES+INNOVATION




ENVELOPE
 STRUCTURE
 MASTER
 MODEL


ENVIRONMENT
 DRAWINGS
 PHYSICAL
MODEL
 FACADES+INNOVATION




ENVELOPE
 STRUCTURE
 MASTER
 MODEL


ENVIRONMENT
 DRAWINGS
 PHYSICAL
MODEL
 FACADES+INNOVATION




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VIDEO
LINK



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FACADES+INNOVATION




FACADES+INNOVATION




FACADES+INNOVATION




ENVELOPE


STRUCTURE
 MASTER
 MODEL


ENVIRONMENT
 DRAWINGS
 PHYSICAL
MODEL
 FACADES+INNOVATION




FACADES+INNOVATION




FACADES+INNOVATION




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FACADES+INNOVATION




FACADES+INNOVATION




FACADES+INNOVATION




FACADES+INNOVATION




FACADES+INNOVATION




FACADES+INNOVATION




FACADES+INNOVATION




ENVELOPE
 STRUCTURE
 MASTER
 MODEL


ENVIRONMENT
 DRAWINGS
 PHYSICAL
MODEL
 FACADES+INNOVATION




FACADES+INNOVATION




FACADES+INNOVATION




FACADES+INNOVATION




FACADES+INNOVATION




FACADES+INNOVATION




VIDEO
LINK



FACADES+INNOVATION




ENVELOPE
 STRUCTURE
 MASTER
 MODEL


ENVIRONMENT


DRAWINGS
 PHYSICAL
MODEL
 FACADES+INNOVATION




FACADES+INNOVATION




FACADES+INNOVATION




VIDEO
LINK



FACADES+INNOVATION




ENVELOPE
 STRUCTURE
 MASTER
 MODEL


ENVIRONMENT
 DRAWINGS


PHYSICAL
MODEL
 FACADES+INNOVATION




FACADES+INNOVATION




FACADES+INNOVATION




FACADES+INNOVATION




FACADES+INNOVATION




FACADES+INNOVATION




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2D+3D
ENVIRONMENT


DIGITAL
MODEL

PHYSICAL
MODEL

FACADES+INNOVATION




2D+3D
ENVIRONMENT


DIGITAL
MODEL

PHYSICAL
MODEL

FACADES+INNOVATION




2D+3D
ENVIRONMENT


DIGITAL
MODEL

PHYSICAL
MODEL

FACADES+INNOVATION




2D+3D
ENVIRONMENT


DIGITAL
MODEL

PHYSICAL
MODEL

FACADES+INNOVATION




Durability
of
Cold‐Bent
InsulaUng
Glazing
Units


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Bending limits are generally set according to each manufacturer’s tolerance for risk.

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Engineers on the team developed a Finite Element model of the full size IGUs (5’ x 10’) in order to predict where the greatest stresses would accumulate on the IGU in order to guide the placement of the sensors and gauges that would be attached to the testing panels.

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The panels were instrumented with electronic strain gauges, LVDTs, and dial gauges to record all the movement of the glass. We had near-continuous data collection as the forklift was pulling the free corner of the panel out of plane.

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Once we had the data from the testing of the full size panels we were able to recalibrate our Finite Element model to approximate the actual panel more closely and give us confidence we had an accurate modeling environment.

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One lite of the small scale IGU was epoxied into the steel frame and the second lite was able to be distorted with a collection of set screws. A total of 24 small scale panels were built and exposed to weatherization testing. Six panels served as a control group with no distortions applied. Another 6 panels were distorted to the equivalent of 4” out of plane deflection in the full size panels. Another set of 6 were distorted to the equivalent of 8” of deflection and the final 6 were distorted to the equivalent of 12” of deflection.

FACADES+INNOVATION




The weatherization testing of the 24 small scale panels was conducted in 3 phases over a total of 15 weeks. First, the panels were exposed to 2 weeks of high humidity. Next they went through 9 weeks of 6-hour cycling that exposed the panels to temperature extremes ranging from -20 degrees F to 140 degrees F, as well as exposure to ultraviolet light and mist sprays. Finally, the panels were exposed to another 4 weeks of high humidity At each point in the testing process the panels were checked for frost point temperatures and Argon retention, indicators of whether or not the airspace seal had been broken.

FACADES+INNOVATION  


Argon Concentration Value for ASTM E2190-10 Qualification

(no
bending)


(4”
bending)


(8”
bending)


(12”
bending)


FACADES+INNOVATION




Future
research
 VerificaUon
of
our
results
 Research
that
varies
the
components
 Research
that
looks
at
other
durability
metrics
 Frame
systems
for
cold‐bent
applicaUons
 Development
of
digital
analysis
tools


FACADES+INNOVATION




BITS
+
MATTER
 Traversing
the
Digital
and
Physical
at
SOM


Bits + Matter: Traversing the Digital and Physical at SOM  
Bits + Matter: Traversing the Digital and Physical at SOM  

Facade + | Chicago Conference | SOM Presentation