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active skins


2015 Pritzker Architecture Prize Jury Citation ‌Taking inspiration from nature and the processes found there, he sought ways to use the least amount of materials and energy to enclose spaces. He practiced and advanced ideas of sustainability, even before the word was coined.

Frei Otto (1925-2015)


form-active


Palaisquartier Frankfurt Architect: Massimiliano Fuksas, Rome Roof and Facade: Knippers Helbig


form-finding


form-finding


1997

DG Bank Berlin F.O. Gehry Ass. / Schlaich Bergermann und Partner, Stuttgart


DG Bank Berlin contractor: Gartner / Gundelfingen


Westfield – London, UK (2008) Arch Buchan Group Contractor seele

Each node consists of 18 different plates. The geometry of each node and therefore of each of this 18 plates is different.

Section list (in mm): Connections: welded

180(168)x65x5 ..x40 3M16 / 3M20,10.9 or


Westfield – London, UK (2008) Arch Buchan Group Contractor seele


Westmill Shopping Centre, London, 2007 Architects: Benoy London Strucutre: Knippers Helbig Advance Engineering Contractor: Seele Gersthofen


Peek und Cloppenburg, Cologne; 2005 Architect: Renzo Piano Building Workshop, Paris Engineer Facade: Knippers Helbig, Stuttgart Shading system: clauss markisen


Model: Renzo Piano


40


•  ²

41


Animation Arnold Walz 42


shell action – thermal expansion – 80 Kelvin temperature range

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44


45


Drawing: Renzo Piano Building Workshop


50


51


Museum of Fine Arts, Houston Architect: Steven Holl Climate Engineering:March Transsolar 2011 Facade Engineering: Knippers Helbig


March 2011


The secondary skin acts as a so-called cool jacket by reducing the amount of solar heat gain into the building – critical for Houstons sunny climate. Invisible solar radiation is captured by the cool jacket and vented to outdoors. Initial investigations show this strategy allows windows which are 40% larger than a traditional window wile reducing the space cooling load by 28%.


March 2011


Institute Du Monde Arabe, Architect: Jean Nouvel


VW Beetle  1972:  4900  parts  


Image: Volkswagen  

Today: up  to  28.000  parts  from  4.500  suppliers  


One Ocean - Theme Pavilion EXPO 2012, Yeosu / Korea Architect: SOMA, Vienna


Photo: Soma  


Photo: Simon  Schleicher  


Academy of Motion Pictures Architect: Renzo Piano Building Workshop, Genoa Engineer Facade: Knippers Helbig, Stuttgart


Shading Pattern - View from Street Solar Equinox 21st March 07:00 Shading Angle 65°: Area of Dome Shaded 570 m² Percentage of Dome Shaded 17.2%

TRANSSOLAR KLIMAENGINEERING


Shading Pattern - View from Street Solar Equinox 21st March 08:00 Shading Angle 65°: Area of Dome Shaded 736 m² Percentage of Dome Shaded 22.2%

TRANSSOLAR KLIMAENGINEERING


Shading Pattern - View from Street Solar Equinox 21st March 09:00 Shading Angle 65°: Area of Dome Shaded 921 m² Percentage of Dome Shaded 27.8%

TRANSSOLAR KLIMAENGINEERING


Shading Pattern - View from Street Norh

Solar Equinox 21st March 10:00 Shading Angle 65°: Area of Dome Shaded 1.084 m² Percentage of Dome Shaded 32.7%

TRANSSOLAR KLIMAENGINEERING


Shading Pattern - View from Street Solar Equinox 21st March 11:00 Shading Angle 65°: Area of Dome Shaded 1.204 m² Percentage of Dome Shaded 36.4%

TRANSSOLAR KLIMAENGINEERING


Shading Pattern - View from Street Solar Equinox 21st March 12:00 Shading Angle 65°: Area of Dome Shaded 1.250 m² Percentage of Dome Shaded 37.7%

TRANSSOLAR KLIMAENGINEERING


Shading Pattern - View from Street Solar Equinox 21st March 13:00 Shading Angle 65°: Area of Dome Shaded 1.196 m² Percentage of Dome Shaded 36.1%

TRANSSOLAR KLIMAENGINEERING


Shading Pattern - View from Street Solar Equinox 21st March 14:00 Shading Angle 65°: Area of Dome Shaded 1.081 m² Percentage of Dome Shaded 32.7%

TRANSSOLAR KLIMAENGINEERING


Shading Pattern - View from Street Nort h

Solar Equinox 21st March 15:00 Shading Angle 65°: Area of Dome Shaded 929 m² Percentage of Dome Shaded 28.0%

TRANSSOLAR KLIMAENGINEERING


Shading Pattern - View from Street Solar Equinox 21st March 16:00 Shading Angle 65°: Area of Dome Shaded 749 m² Percentage of Dome Shaded 22.6%

TRANSSOLAR KLIMAENGINEERING


marginal portion

Curved-line Folding Aldrovanda curved fold

Trapping mechanism of waterwheel plants

midrib

curved-line rib enclosure boundary

Image: Plant Biomechanics Group Freiburg (video slowed 40x)

marginal portion

central portion with motorzone Image: Sarracenia

water flea

Image: Juniper, Robins, and Joel 1989

Image: T. Iijima

Simon Schleicher Simon Poppinga


Curved-line folding in Aldrovanda traps Comparison of different curvature ratios Validation through FE simulation

Schleicher et al. IASS 2011

.


Architect

optimitaztion

Space Form Pattern

Engineer Structure Energy

Constructor Fabrication Erection


Architect

Constructor Fabrication Erection

Space Form Pattern Engineer

fabrication /installation

climate

structural efficiency

optimitaztion

Structure Energy


Architect

Constructor Fabrication Erection

Space Form Pattern Engineer

fabrication /installation

structural efficiency

optimitaztion

Structure Energy


Architect

Constructor Fabrication Erection

Space Form Pattern Engineer

fabrication /installation

climate

structural efficiency

optimitaztion

Structure Energy


1936

1963

2015


0,7 0,36   0,16  

aerodynamic shape   drag  coefficient  


aerodynamic shape   drag  coefficient   drag  coefficient  

1936                                  1963                              2013                                year      


aerodynamic shape   drag  coefficient  

14 liter                                  fuel  consumpCon                            1,8  liter  


acceleration

4,4 sec                                                                                0  –  100                                                    3,7  sec  

e-­‐car


1930    

today    

85 seconds                                                                    0  –  100                                                    3,7  seconds      


Bao‘an Int‘l Airport T3 Shenzhen

Arch Massimiliano Fuksas

Eng Knippers Helbig


concept design: subdivision of roof structure


competition stage, 2008


Fassadenmockup (11.09.2009)

Versuche an Modellen – Fassadenmockup


Design Parameter:

Illustration: Knippers Helbig

Size of glass opening Slope of glass opening


5

4

3

2

1


milos bildschirm

2008


- Creating masterpoints on the original surfaces - Naming and sorting the points


- 

drawing glass panes


lines of sight

Illustrations: Fuksas, Arup, Knippers Helbig

daylight analysis

building physics


Architect

optimitaztion

Space Form Pattern

Engineer Structure Energy

Constructor Fabrication Erection


Architect

Constructor Fabrication Erection

Space Form Pattern Engineer

fabrication /installation

climate

structural efficiency

optimitaztion

Structure Energy


Architect

Constructor Fabrication Erection

Space Form Pattern Engineer

fabrication /installation

structural efficiency

optimitaztion

Structure Energy


Architect

Constructor Fabrication Erection

Space Form Pattern Engineer

fabrication /installation

climate

structural efficiency

optimitaztion

Structure Energy


climate

energy gain

fabrication

maintenance installation

space cost

Parametric Design Process

fabrication /installation

Engineers

… … …

structure

… … …

light

… … …

form

… … …

lighting

climate

structural efficiency

optimitaztion

Architect Constructor


October 2011


October 2011


Jan 2013


Oct 2013


March 2011


March 2011


March 2011


thank you for your attention


Active Skins presentation  
Active Skins presentation  

Active Skins presentation by Opening Keynote Thorsten Helbig of Knippers Helbig, Facades+ conference New York 2015