ArcDeck.net RDP E-Book

Page 1

THE

RADICAL DESIGN PROJECT

Winners + Selected Entries August 2020

ArcDeck.net


“Every great city is given birth by a great river.” Taipei, a city born from the river, was once inseparable from Tansui River. However, embankments were constructed for the safety of citizen. Residents in Taipei are forgetting that Taipei is a city of river. Inside the embankment, God of River, who had jurisdiction over Tansui River and protected people on the river, now can only watch a nine-meter high concrete wall from the temple. The giant infrastructure split the city and cut down the memories and history connection. The embankment caused the rupture of space and culture. We couldn’t topple the embankment. However, we could stitch up the rupture by creating new connection. We curated a documentary hidden in the city on the both side of embankment. This documentary can only be watched by following our route through small-scale openings and flyovers of embankment by small-scale vehicle like bicycle. First, we identified a route from the origin of Taipei along the river to the last low-developed district. The route cutting through three different areas, which are a historic center, a typical mixed-use urban area, and a small flood plain with rich mangrove ecological landscape. Second, we designed some temporary pavilions at three spots along the route. Pavilions are built with scaffolding and attached to existing infrastructure like embankment, viaduct, and approach road. They connect with the opposite side of embankment through space and program.

Area C

Area B

Area A

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Roa

Bic

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Pie

Tem

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DOWNTOWN, HONG KONG

Foreword

Area

10KM/HR DOCUMENTAR

With a goal to seek radical design disruptions within the built environment, ArcDeck.net launched their first 3-month long competition: ‘The Radical Design Project’ on March 30th, 2020. The competition ended on June 30th, 2020 and results were declared on July 15th, 2020. The intent of the competition was to invite innovative ideas that push the envelope of design of traditional project typologies and trigger a design dialogue about futuristic, yet sustainable design concepts. The competition received an overwhelming response with registrations from 60+ countries from around the world with a mix

of architects, planners, urban designers, students and creative professionals related to the real estate / building industry.

This co pier, bi is the i and tra differe space a system

The submissions varied from radical new design concepts relating to parasitic housing, tourism, mixed-use typologies to prisons and cemeteries – each unique and exciting in their own way! Some submissions tackled humanitarian issues such as hunger and homelessness while others provided innovative solutions for 0km/hr issues relating to human rights. dynamic subject

static observer

static subject

10km/hr

dynamic observer

The plot can be driven by movement of observer or observed subject.


A Radical Proejct to Invent Housing for LGBTQ Community

LETS TALK NUMBERS

RDP-CkrkNnY5-2020

Since 1959, the LGBTQ community has launched countless social movements to call for an equal right of love and the social acceptance, among which the Pride Parade has extended its influential to over 60 countries. Meanwhile, the family structure has undergone dramatic changes, in which the dominant nuclear family structure was decomposed and new various family structures emerged. While the housing is generally recognized as the representation of the family structure, there is no appropriate housing form to accommodate the emergent LGBTQ families Prompt by this global trend and Michel Foucault’s insights into space, this project is intended to invent a new type of housing for LGBTQ community with inflation materials.

RDP-bEkqzcpt-2020

The dust

Entry of dust in suspension

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For a long time, with the rise of Internet TV, TV towers have been in decline. However, in some developing cities, they hope to build a comprehensive TV tower building that integrates sightseeing, tourism, display, and TV signal transmission. At the same time, because of its unique form, it has become a local landmark and promoted local economic development. In the city of Fuyang in central China, the government has such an idea. If we study the traditional TV tower, we will find that in order to resist the level and load, the TV tower is built into a structure with a large bottom and a small upper part, so that the most valuable upper space is very little. To change this situation, I envisage using steel cables to resist horizontal loads, using a special escape system to reduce the area of the core tube, and installing elevators on the periphery of the tower to achieve better sightseeing. This new type of TV tower building has the best economic return, and because of its unique structural design, it has become a unique landmark of the city, completely changing the skyline of conventional cities.

1

Dust collector

Layered Penthouses above offices and workplaces

Particle separator

2

House of Aggregation

[6] Site Plan, Floor Plan and Se

Private Roof Garden for home owners during work breaks

In United Arab Emirates: As one drives northward from Sharjah on

Particle storage

3

3D printer

4

Photocatalyser

5

Water purifier

6

the E311(the longest highway in UAE) the skyline of an unfinished city rises out of the desert. The project site: Emirates City in Ajman (the smallest emirate in UAE) is a dense cluster of towers in various stag-

Meteorological Research Pole

es of completion lodged in developmental limbo. The district’s banal, repetitive residential towers perched on top of multi-story parking garages are the architectural by-products of global real estate speculation and local building codes. Entertainment Interchange is primarily

Auditorium for cinema, shows, events, meetings, etc.

directed to use the major component that Ajman lacks to boost its own economy and to create a unique competitive identity that would align it with the more developed emirates, Dubai, Abu Dhabi, etc. This component is what we believe to be a well-rounded and interconnect-

dining, sport, entertainment

ed Entertainment Industry. Ajman’s leisure landscape currently consists

Accommodation

of a single shopping mall, a handful of hotels, and a park that does not

Agriculture

suit the financial level of most of its residents. This project attempts to

Fresh air

gastructure that interrogates the synthesis of every possible leisure ac-

create a Bilbao effect in Ajman by creating an Entertainment City Me-

Affordable housing units below work spaces for convinience

tivity with residential programs with the hope of dissolving socio-economic strata amongst residents and visitors. The project focuses on the

1

Dust collector

Its role is to suck up dust. It is equipped with a turbine that serves as an air pump.

3

design of a tower type; specifically a type of building that when multi-

2

Particle separator The air coming from the collector is separated into particles by the particle separator. the products obtained are heavy metals, organic matter, fertilizers, gases and sand

Particle storage

Their role here is to store the different particles in each tank. Their walls are made of polymers reacting specifically to the type of particles encountered.

4

plied can create a city that is more than the sum of its parts. This proposal provides an incentive for Ajman residents to not only stay in Ajman but serves as an attraction for residents of other Emirates and tourists worldwide.

3D printer

The 3D printer will produce materials useful in the field of construction, electronics, communication, etc.

[1] Abandonment of Wall System

5 Photocatalyser At this level a chemical reaction takes place between polluted air and titanium dioxide in the presence of light. pure air, water and carbon dioxide are produced.

6 Water purifier It purifies the water coming from the photocalyzer. This water is recycled for use in the building.

The wind turbine Production of electric power by taking advantage of the wind

Organic metal structure inspired by lung capillaries

The translucent shell is made from a polymer called Polyether ether ketone (PEEK). It is a thermoplastic that is highly resistant to extreme conditions. The membrane is lined with solar collectors to ensure energy autonomy.

[3] Translation into Inflation Housing Unit

Being identified as the ‘people existing on the margins of society’ by French philosopher Michel Foucault, the LGBTQ community, as well as its living environment, has always been excluded from conventional housing design. According to Foucault’s theories, the partition by the wall, as a machine of power, set the family space an invisible hierarchy based on the conventional family structure, thus restricting the development of LGBTQ family relationships. A conventional family usually involves two or three generations, which requires a clear division between the shared and the private, and an allocation of individuals’ rights of space. But these do not apply to a LGBTQ family. Therefore, walls and partitions are abandoned, and a new free architectural language based on their lifestyle shall be proposed.

Individual Space

Collectively shared by family members and associated with metaphors of social acceptance.

Memory

Inflate

Sta y

Move

Floating Canopy Prototype

Storage

Bathroom

Living Room

Failed Attempts

S 01 Studying Unit-Enclosed

02 Sleeping Unit-Enclosed

03 Storing Unit-Enclosed

04 Bathing Unit-Enclosed

05 Cooking Unit-Enclosed

06 Dining Unit-Enclosed

07 Living Unit-Enclosed

08 Studying Unit-Floating

09 Sleeping Unit-Floating

10 Storing Unit-Floating

11 Bathing Unit-Floating

12 Cooking Unit-Floating

13 Dining Unit-Floating

14 Living Unit-Floating

15 Studying Unit-Canopied

16 Sleeping Unit-Canopied

17 Storing Unit-Canopied

18 Bathing Unit-Canopied

19 Cooking Unit-Canopied

20 Dining Unit-Canopied

21 Living Unit-Canopied

1.2m Floor Plan 1:400

Ritual Resonance

y pla

Relationship between bridge Dis and housing units

Mo ve

e Hid Wrapped Inflation

Form

Event Enclourse Prototype

Parade

Kitchen

Exhibition

Healing

Enclosed Inflation

Transparent

Bedroom

Devotion

Independence

Floating Prototype

LGBTQ Community

Study Room

House for Couples

Family Space

Privately enjoyed by individuals and associated with metaphors of self-acceptance.

As the Pride Parade is a key characteristic of LGBTQ communities, inflation materials are chosen as the language of morphology for its transparency and dynamics, which is associated with the displaying and movement in a parade. With the reinterpretation of family space and the inflation typologies, 28 inflation housing prototypes then are created as components of houses. According to three primary communal family relationships, three conceptual houses are designed as part of the LGBTQ community near a riverside in somewhere on earth.

Display

Dining Room

[ Type 01: Aggregation ]

The first type is designed for aggregated hom couples, where public programs, like living ro dining room are put into displaying inflation types for inter-couple ‘Pride Parade’.

Ferris wheel diagram

[2] Inflation Material for Architectural Parade

Wraping Prototype

[4] Inflation Housing Unit Typology

Couple C

Floating Inflation

5.6m Floor Plan 1:400

N Canopied Inflation

22 Studying Unit-Wrapped

23 Sleeping Unit-Wrapped

PLAN LEGEND 24 Storing Unit-Wrapped

25 Bathing Unit-Wrapped

Restaurant (Food Court) Community Cafe (Work Space) Male Gym Space (Female Space-Light Blue) Services (Core, Vertical Ciculation) Affordable Housing Buffer zone seperating spaces (Bridge)

26 Cooking Unit-Wrapped

27 Dining Unit-Wrapped

28 Living Unit-Wrapped

Section 1:400

SKGARCHITECTS ©

The submissions were judged on the following 5 criteria to create a shortlist of Top 3 and Top 10 entries that aligned the most with them: 1. Innovative Concept / Idea (groundbreaking, radical, disruptive) 2. Applicability / Validity in the Real World (how likely is the idea able to adapt in the real world?) 3. Innovative use of building materials or technologies (like prefab components, 3D printing, etc.) 4. Sustainability (site or building level - with renewable energy sources) 5. Presentation / Illustration / Graphics to explain the idea

Presented in this book are the Top 3 & Top 10 entries as well as entries that are honorary mentions. These entries are also available on our website at ArcDeck.net as well as on our social Observation deck media handles. We welcome any feedback relating to the entries or any other aspect of the competition. Please write to us at: hello@arcdeck. net Thank you and we hope you find these entries of value and serve to initiate the dialogue about what’s next for the design industry!

RDP


Radical Design Project


Top 3


TOP

3 What? Why? How?

Tree Cathedral By: Jan Dabrowski, Poland

Project of student center in Warsaw Ochota Campus with business incubator, library, exhibition, meeting space, auditorium, student kitchen and workplace. According to data: spending time among greenery boosts creativity, reduces stress level, improves concentration of thought, short-term memory, productivity and awareness of our surroundings.

The main goal was to respect and highlight the existing trees. Bi-directional site: The given site was very characteristic. First design step was to choose the most important trees and create view axes between them. This orthogonal tree arrangement emphasizes two directions of the plot. Six of the most important trees were chosen. Significant view axes are created between them. Thus three volumes (analogous to historical greenhouses) come into being. Crossing: Analogous to this arrangement effective cross vaults system was introduced to the construction. Historical greenhouses reference and two directions of the plot influenced the superimposition of barrel vaults. Cross vaults are a result of orthogonal on-site trees arrangement. Connection to the nature: To bring nature to architecture and allow co-existence, the tree were surrounded by glass within the volume of the dome. Then, this structure was combined with a cross vault, so as a result complex construction in simple volumes was created. To maximize the connection between architecture and nature, a framework construction was chosen. Aesthetics: In order to enlarge the role of axes - all three buildings are symmetrical. Those buildings differ from each other in their dimensions and timber impregnation color. Dark – library, Grey – multi-functional, Light – incubator. Glued laminated timber was proposed as building material. Technology All buildings are ventilated by a heat recovery system. Double layer of glass and thick thermal core provide proper conditions to work. According to PAN institute, the humidity (in library and other spaces) generated by interior trees does not exceed limits. Newest generation of spectrally selective glass reduces the greenhouse effect. The thermal core from thick bricks regulates the inner temperature. In summer it heats during night and cools during day. Inversely in winter, installations are led in vertical cores and further distributed in ceilings.


RDP-Wt7bJWxL-2020

Tree Cathedral

Model

Meta Drawing

Interior Model

Isometric View

Gravity Model

Model

Design Process

-1

Auditorium

Multifunctional Building Bidirectional site Choosing the most important trees and creating the view axises between them. Orthogonal trees arrangement emphasizes two directions of the plot

Crossing Creating cross vaults - an effective construction system. Superimposition of bidirectional barrel vaults. Reference: historical greenhouses

Connection Surrounding the tree by glass. Combining dome with cross vault volume

Framework Newly created volume combined with framework construction.

Core Creating a thermal core that in summer heats: during night and cools: during day. Inversely in winter

Business Incubator

Construction

Technical rooms

Arcs Four piles 12x24cm turning into arcs from laminated timber.

Glass Two layers of double glazing with a gap between provide a proper thermal isolation.

Technology Spectrally selective glass reduces greenhouse effect. Heat flows to thick hollow bricks. Drainpipe brings the rainwater to the tree.

Auditorium Big span covered by cross vault construction

Aisles Underneath the floor 30cm of space for installations

Tree Construction avoids the trunks and roots of the trees

Entrance + Locker room + Winter garden+ Techn. room

+1

+2

+3

Meeting space

Kitchen for students + Bar

Exhibition space

Shared workplace

Open Space

Conference rooms

+4

Exhibition space

Result Installations are led in vertical cores. Two chosen trees highlighted by the view axis

Technical rooms

Piles Pile construction from laminated spruce timber connected with hidden steel joints.

0

Apsis Connecting laminated wood with double glazing

Entrance + Locker + Winter garden + Workshop

Entrance+Locker+Winter garden+Storage

Library + Administration

Library

Library

Conference rooms

Library

Library Building Due to specific roof geometry a specially bent glass is used

Plans


TOP

3 DPASS: DigitalPhysical Aggregated Social Space By: Gensler Los Angeles, USA & Tokyo, Japan offices

DPASS – DIGITAL-PHYSICAL AGGREGATED SOCIAL SPACE We live in a world of uncertainty, where pandemic breeds in broad daylight, where protesters cannot march the streets without fear of repercussion. How do we as designers create a platform for humanity without harm? While this sounds utopic, we have been reminded by recent history the impact that space has on our social contract. What if a public space could remind us of tremendous emotions of togetherness? What if, in Tokyo and LA, you could feel the same emotions at the same time? What if these connected sister spaces could evoke a sense of global empathy? Welcome to a public place from the future where we feel hope and belonging, because we are more than just different races and cultures. We are one big community of human beings. Through art and imagination, we become connected individuals. As we are walking through each public area, we see how digital forms are manipulated by other visitors from the other side of the world. Digital avatars can connect people from one city to another for a seamless perception of global humanity. A series of permeable partitions and grids do not exclude but rather invite all forms of conversation. The moments of intimate spaces contrast with the large expanse of the overall form. The interactive digital mesh Starting from a simple 12’ x 12’ grid, this structure is the foundation of a post-COVID, socially distanced parti. The tensile structure represents endless possibilities: both physical form changes as well as digital integration and interfaces. A single grid can contain multiple people (digital + physical) to create a shared and safe experience. The digital avatars can add to the shared experience but does not affect the tensile structure. As each cube grows to encompass more people, the tensile structure can also undergo warping or twisting in response to human interaction. The tensile structures and shared experiences can also expand and grow depending on how many people want to participate.

The autonomous social zones Here, a limitless number of activities can thrive. Each zone is designed to create physical intrigue, digital connection, and a safe platform to voice opinions. Here, democracy thrives. The people’s sign The digital renovation of the sign preserves the original “Hollywood” form while allowing change to showcase different slogans. This will encapsulate the people’s thoughts and emotions for current situations, making this landmark both forever relevant and historical. Conversation cafe' Fitted with a lounge net and interactive screen for comfortable engagement. Rally cyclone Horizontally layered partitions allow for a democratic seating arrangement with maximum views into the centered speaker. Pop-up fair Eateries on the lower layer, and a rotating flea market on top, a flexible space for temporary vendors. Cultural performance Multi-tiered stages connect the audience to become the fabric of performance. Hanging gym An adaptable activity surface engages even the most extreme sports fans. Voting station Features an interactive digital booth where people can easily vote both in safety and privacy. Movie night Large seating nets with a fully immersive, transforming screen producing a full 4D experience.


dpass

RDP-w2xYEAQV-2020

digital-physical aggregated social space

We live in a world of uncertainty, where pandemic breeds in broad daylight, where protesters cannot march the streets without fear of repercussion. How do we as designers create a platform for humanity without harm? While this sounds utopic, we have been reminded by recent history the impact that space has on our social contract. What if a public space could remind us of tremendous emotions of togetherness? What if, in Tokyo and LA, you could feel the same emotions at the same time? What if these connected sister spaces could evoke a sense of global empathy?

the autonomous social zones Here, a limitless number of activities can thrive. Each zone is designed to create physical intrigue, digital connection, and a safe platform to voice opinions. Here, democracy thrives.

Welcome to a public place from the future where we feel hope and belonging, because we are more than just different races and cultures. We are one big community of human beings. Through art and imagination, we become connected individuals. As we are walking through each public area, we see how digital forms are manipulated by other visitors from the other side of the world. Digital avatars can connect people from one city to another for a seamless perception of global humanity. We can picnic with our friends in Tokyo and play 4D Animal Crossing together in LA. A series of permeable partitions and grids do not exclude but rather invite all forms of conversation. The moments of intimate spaces contrast with the large expanse of the overall form.

the interactive digital mesh

Tensile Structure as a Physical Partition and Digital Screen

hanging gym An adaptable activity surface engages even the most extreme sports fans

voting station Features an interactive digital booth where people can easily vote both in safety and privacy.

pop-up fair Eateries on the lower layer, and a rotating flea market on top, a flexible space for temporary vendors

2 PHYSICAL PEOPLE 1 DIGITAL PERSON

4 PHYSICAL PEOPLE 2 DIGITAL PEOPLE

1 PHYSICAL PERSON

3’ Personal Space 3 PHYSICAL PEOPLE 1 DIGITAL PERSON

6’ Social Distance (If necessary)

Starting from a simple 12’ x 12’ grid, this structure is the foundation of a post-COVID, socially distanced parti. The tensile structure represents endless possibilities: both physical form changes as well as digital integration and interfaces.

24’x24’ MAX CAPACITY = 5 PHYSICAL PEOPLE

A single grid can contain multiple people (digital + physical) to create a shared and safe experience. The digital avatars can add to the shared experience but does not affect the tensile structure.

Movie night Large seating nets with a fully immersive, transforming screen producing a full 4D experience

As each cube grows to encompass more people, the tensile structure can also undergo warping or twisting in response to human interaction.

cultural performance Multi-tiered stages connect the audience to become the fabric of performance

Multiple Tensile Structures as an Aggregated Social System 7 PHYSICAL PEOPLE 3 DIGITAL PEOPLE 3 PHYSICAL PEOPLE 2 DIGITAL PEOPLE

2 PHYSICAL PEOPLE

The tensile structures and shared experiences can also expand and grow depending on how many people want to participate.

13 PHYSICAL PEOPLE 2 DIGITAL PEOPLE

Zoomed out on a macro level, a complex, tiered ecosystem of shared experiences and activities emerge, all the while keeping people safely protected.

Conversation Cafe Fitted with a lounge net and interactive screen for comfortable engagement

DPASS | HOLLYWOOD HILLS

THE PEOPLE’S SIGN The Hollywood Sign has been a cultural and historical icon for ages. As times change, these icons want the flexibility and resiliency to act more than just a cultural label of history. The digital renovation of the sign preserves the original “Hollywood” form while allowing change to showcase different slogans. This will encapsulate the people’s thoughts and emotions for current situations, making this landmark both forever relevant and historical.

HOLLYWOOD SIGN | LOS ANGELES

rally cyclone Horizontally layered partitions allow for a democratic seating arrangement with maximum views into the centered speaker

SHIBUYA CROSSING | TOKYO


TOP

3 ABU DHABI SKINS (Bio)Reactive Architecture. By: Leonardo Zanatta, Brazil

If we look into the urban environment as a living organism, with its circulatory systems, tissue stratification and matter metabolisation, we start to understand why the generic urban patterns from Modern period weren’t completely effective, demonstrating why a better relationship between natural and built environment needs to be the centre of discussion for healthier cities.

create a modular urban-scale cooling system, mitigating the urban heat island effect by attacking its key point generators: low-albedo surfaces, anthropogenic heat and air pollution.

Although using Biology to solve contemporary architectural major problems is not novel, bionics offers numerous strategies based on the amalgamation of natural and artificial mechanisms.

Vegetation is the most obvious answer for cooling cities, but Abu Dhabi’s harsh climate need us to be more inventive than that since freshwater is not readily available, turning large, irrigated areas into a bad option for urban resilience. The central strategy here was to replicate the effect of the trees in other climates, without using a single drop of fresh water.

In Sweden carbon emissions from cement production factories are currently neutralized using Baltic Sea algae while in Switzerland, Algae bioreactors turn the car emissions from a highway, into biomass, energy and oxygen. Those are only two amongst countless other projects currently endorsing the carbon-capturing potential of algae, going from product to architecture, but still, poorly applied to urban planning.

The Voronoi-based pattern, creates a cluster of lightweight canopies, which can be applied to a large range of programs, from small public pavilions, plazas and walkable streets, to large compositions, covering entire neighbourhoods, following the concept of becoming a medicine for overheating areas, capable of been applied by the DMT to the most affected places, quickly acting in local temperature regulation.

When used in conjunction with bioreactors, algae is up to 400 times more efficient than a tree at removing CO2 from the atmosphere, one kg of algae requires about 1.8kg of carbon dioxide, which is converted into biomass and oxygen. Now imagine if we could scale up this process and use algae at an urban scale. Not only would it sequester carbon dioxide and boost hyper-local oxygen levels but also dissipate the pollution layer that traps heat over the city, decreasing local temperatures.

Harnessing the absorption and transmission properties of water, which mirror that of low-E glass, the water layer blocks ultraviolet and infrared radiation, protecting the surface of the tank from absorbing heat and the surroundings from glare, once there is no direct reflection. The geothermally-cooled water approaches a wet-bulb temperature of 15°C (a typical asphalt surface reaches 60°-100°C), mitigating the albedo effect. The ambient temperature is approximately 50% radiant heat from surface radiation and 50% air temperature which means that under large compositions of the system with the air temperature of 35°C, a mean radiant temperature of structure and air of 25°C is achieved.

The Abu Dhabi Skins Experiment aims to take advantage from the outstanding cooling properties of water and photosynthesizing capacities of Spirulina Genus algae to


(bio)reactive urbanscape

the system

The shadowed ground optimizes the irrigation system, minimizing the water loss from evaporation and taking the project into a resilient path with low freshwater use. The photovoltaic panels can provide Zero-Net energy illumination under the canopies..

LESS of URBAN FABRIC, MORE of LIVING TISSUE

structures shaped by evolution

The expected answer to the Urban Heat Island Effect problem is the implementation of vegetation, but in the harsh climate of Abu Dhabi, where 50% of all freshwater already goes to irrigation systems, we need to be more inventive than just proposing large green areas. In this investigation, an urban device, which can synthetically reproduce the benefits of vegetation with zero freshwater consumption is proposed, augmenting discussions around bionics and how interactions between living organisms and technology can solve major environmental problems in the contemporary cities.

Leafs adapted to reach for sunlight and promote photosyntesis.

Water Lilys

Plant Morphology

mechanic versus passive cooling

Urban activator and uses flexibility

The design central point was to be very flexible hosting different uses, making it easier for the DMT to implement the system in many different situations and space occupations. The flexibility of the spaces also allowed the mechanic cooling to be used punctually, in specific situations, avoiding the misuse of electricity and natural resources.

1- Urban activator - The equipment was designed to stimulate the locals to occupy the urban environment through different uses accordingly to specific necessities of the surroundings. 2- Cultural Plaza - Exhibitions, shows and other kinds of urban occupation related to culture and art.

Bio-inspired Fractal Structure

ONE SYSTEM, THREE STRATEGIES

Passively Cooled Scenario (Composed by transitory spaces with users staying for a short time).

1 - Water Those modules use the abundance of seawater to operate as large Zero-Net Energy urban scale cooling system and providing the perfect environment for air-purifying algae farming.

5- Urban Transit - In this specific case, it wouldn’t be possible since the parking lot must be kept, but in other sites where the cars can be removed, the canopies can host urban transit hubs, with metro, bus and other modes in a single place.

The vegetation modules count on a thin layer of soil covered with native vegetation been the only modules to be irrigated with fresh water, easily dimensioned following resources availability.

6- mixed - Compositions to be explored are endless, mixing the already proposed uses or other ones such as campaign hospitals or emergency shelters for eventual housing problems.

1

A solar study indicates the pannels which will receive the largest amount of radiation, and have solar panels installed to keep the water pumps running, without electrical consumption from the Net.

Before

1-

A thin layer of seawater acts in insulation and glare prevention. Water mirrors the low-e glass properties, actively filtering infrared radiation.

before implementation

after implementation

6H6H2O2O+ +6CO 2 2 C6HC126OH612+O66O+2 6O2 6CO

bIODIESEL

SUN SUN

bIOMASS

3

GREEN ELECT

aLGAE aLGAE RICH WATERaLGAE RICH

aLGAE

MEDICATION

MEDICAT

WATER

FILTERED WATER FILTERED

FOOD INDUSTRY

FOOD INDU

WATER COSMETICS

COSMET

rETURN TO COOLING SYSTEM

Biodiesel

The reactors come with no more maintenance than public parks, with a fraction of the freshwater used by lawns and trees, and with the possibility of generating income with its byproducts. In principle, microalgae produce seven times more energy per acre than corn-based ethanol, the main source of biofuel today.

Oxygen

Microalgae-based bioreactors can reportedly clean 400% more carbon dioxide from the surrounding air than large trees. wich gives us systhetic structures capable of been more efficient then natural vegetation in boosting hyper local oxygen levels, with zero freshwater consumption and greenhouse emissions.

rETURN TO COOLING SYSTEM

Food and medication

Considered to be a superfood, rich in proteins microalgae are a source of unique bioactive compounds not typically present in land-vegetables which have antioxidant effects been largely used in the medical industry, cosmetics land fertilizers and serving as a cheap base for food production.

FINANTIALLY SUSTAINABLE

In this scenario, the urban environment can become clean, comfortable and at the same time economically sustainable, once the rough algae produced can be sold into the industry as a commodity generating wealth for the system maintenance and converting waste (CO2) in economic potential.

6 4

2- Structure gets lower in the direction of the predominant wind, forcing the airflow through the falling water, cooling the breeze through evaporative cooling in mildly humid days. The cool air gets heavier and goes down through convection, making the air at the user heights comfortable.

bIODIES

bIOMASS

GREEN ELECTRICITY

7 8

9

After

cOLLATERAL BYPRODUCTS cOLLATERAL BYPRODUCTS Byproducts

5

2

10

In this case, the biological approach to the Urban heat island effect resulted in a symbiotic system, amalgamating architecture and living creatures to deliver a synthetic subtitute to vegetation clusters, which convert carbon dioxide and water into useable energy expelling oxygen as a byproduct, dissipating the pollution layer over the city, responsible for trapping the heat and actively fighting Heat Islands in a sustainable chain of benefits and wellness for the city.

pHOTOSYNTHESIS Photosyntesis pHOTOSYNTHESIS

4- Community SOUQ - modular shops create the perfect place to host community commercial activities and stimulating local entrepreneurship.

Mechanic Cooled Scenario (Composed by non-transitory spaces with users staying for a long time)

1 - Photovoltaic panels

The System was designed to work as an urban scale photobioreactor, proposing canopies with thin layers of seawater, where photosynthesizing algae can be farmed, removing Carbon dioxide from the air. Beyond algae farming, the water layer also holds outstanding capacities of cooling, through evaporation, radiation and transmission, turning the system into a simple and relatively cheap option for large scale cooling.

3- Sports Plaza - multi-sport courts, skate ramps, running, children playground and other kinds of active lifestyle use.

1 - vegetation

The landscape design is based on the use of native and climate-adapted species such as the Ghaf tree, the Ethel, the Toothbrush tree, but giving preference to the Date palms, due to its tolerance for brackish water.

RDP-meRyavTR-2020

The device - (bio) reactive architecture

3-

Flexible spaces allow the installation of retail, services and stalls, making it possible for the creation of closed spaces with mechanic cooling to be used in the summer months.

4- Great relationship with vegetation, promoting shadowed areas protecting irrigation system from water loss within evaporation and optimising water management.

5- Evaporative potential removes energy from the structure while the algae filters CO2 liberating Oxygen and improving air quality.

6-

Radiant cooling helps the generation of a microclimate under the canopies, creating a cool layer at user heights.

7- Heated wa- 8ter is drained to the geothermal cooling system to be recycled.

Serpentine pipes use the stable temperature of the ground (Around 22°C the whole year) to dissipate heat from the water to the soil, making the sure the water in the plates are always cooler than the environment.

9- Solar-powered water pump, take the geothermally-cooled water back to the highest plate.

10- Pillars

can be changed into different designs to showcase different cultural backgrounds

Spirulina platensis

Noctiluca scintillans

Green algae, grow in almost any kind of water, even polluted. Spirulina was chosen by its good relationship with saltwater and fast reproduction ratio, quickly covering the tanks. The seawater is abundant and can be replaced every month, avoiding any kind of problem with smell from the algae farming, restarting the cycle with new algae.

The interactions between living elements and architecture in the system are endless, even creating the possibility for the farming of bioluminescent algae sucha as Noctiluca scintillans, potentially capable of providing free, Zero-Net energy and CO2 neutral public illumination at night. As well as creating very nice views from building windows.


Radical Design Project


Top 10


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10

Food Armada By: MD. Galib Nur Anan, Bangladesh

The CoronaVirus pandemic is going to end someday. But the problem it will leave us with is the problem that has been constant from the beginning of the history, hunger. Various regions of the world like the sub-Saharan Africa were already in famine, now are at the edge of their existence. After the pandemic, not just the poor countries, but even the rich ones have to rethink their food supply and distribution. The pandemic has showed us the necessity of designing a self-sufficient food production and distribution system that could run even in adverse situations. What change in the built environment could mitigate the food crisis? In 2020, we don`t need soil for farming, or the sun and constant flow of water. Vertical farming is already proven to be far more efficient in case of productivity rather than traditional farming. What if we could transform some of the cargo ships as vertical farms that could produce at the time of travelling? The advantages will be rapid production, supply and also the ships can remain isolated and produce food in case of a necessity like the current situation. At present, if we want to send food for example, from Indonesia to Africa by sea, it will take 3 to 4 weeks to

reach and after that the ship has to return for resupply. The redesigned ships will not have the need of resupply as they would be self-sufficient. Currently there are almost 50,000 cargo ships trading at the sea. A small portion of these could change the future of the world. In this project, the cargo ships are repurposed as floating vertical farms so that they produce food at the time of travelling and when the crisis is gone, it can travel to another food deprived area or go back to its previous business. Food production is one passive step; the next step will be distribution of the produced food. For that, I designed the distribution process of food with containers of the cargo ships with respect to various contexts which will be the active change in the built environment that will be visible to us. The context will define the arrangement of distribution and form of the containers. These changes in the built environment honors the vision that nobody in this world will ever suffer by hunger again.



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10 Cemetery and funerary cult of the future By: Maxim Gabai, Switzerland

How can we adapt the typology of a cemetery in Germany for the future, so that disposal of bodies does not just become a technical solution without further influence on the city and people?

collective and heterotopic space it holds great value for the city and enriches it on many levels. Therefore, it should be the aim to keep a place for funerary ceremonies a spatial solution in the city.

The cemetery has always been a special place in culture: necessary, sacred and representative. The funerary cult in Germany is changing and therefore needs a transformation as it happened in earlier stages. In earlier days families, faith communities or the state took care of the deceased in Germany. For centuries rituals were practiced dogmatically and there was an ideal of a grave covered by flowers, a rich decorated gravestone and of a willowy Graveyard, which was visited often by the surviving dependants. But in today’s reality the current form of cemetery doesn’t work anymore. As the welfare of communities falls apart and the structures of families become loose, the current state of funerary cults seems to be inoperative. The consequences are that many people are buried anonymously, cremated to keep the maintain costs low or are interred elsewhere.

How can this typology adjust to new circumstances?

Cemeteries are forced to shrink or must close due to low occupancy rate. The other aspect of today's society is that a lot of mourning is expressed not at the cemetery but via Internet, in social media. For many people this has become the place of remembrance, grief and condolence instead of a ceremony at the cemetery. As we see the signs of decay of cemeteries in Germany, we must admit, that the cemetery is a special place in the city: a Green,

Rather than dogmatic rituals, the cemetery of the future only gives opportunities for a self-chosen form of mourning rituals. As most of our information is contained in digital form, there is no more value of the physical remains and the localization of them. Instead, I view the collective digital information as an extension of ourselves. Therefore, the digital information of the deceased is what must be preserved in the cemetery. The information should be stored on a sub-plot of a cemetery. Instead of burial or cremation, disposal of the bodies is done by alkaline hydrolysis. The body dissolves in an alkaline solution, leaving a liquid with nutrition. Artefacts that were implanted in the body and porous, white bone remains, which can be easily formed into white-coloured dust. The park is no longer a place for buried bodies but becomes a green environment in which contact between the living next of kin and the digital persona can meet and interact. The thermal discharge of the servers as well as the liquids of the hydrolysis supplies the park with heat and nutrition via an underground infrastructural grid.



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10

Urban Agrarianism By: Eleanor Jones, UK

Hong Kong is currently hung in a battle between extreme population density and limited growing resources. In a country where each square meter is shared amongst six people; the typology of the city is half dominated by towering apartment blocks, the other half home to steep mountainous ranges, both seemingly unsuitable for agricultural cultivation. Hong Kong currently imports 80% of its essential goods, and only seven square kilometers within the city boundary is defined a farmland. The constant competition between physical space for human occupation and the need to fulfill human necessities is of precedence in a world with an only increasing population and social and cultural demands. The project imagines an adaptive and flexible use of radical architectural installations on a city-wide scale, in order resolve the constant tug of war between urban density and food supply. The concept builds upon already emerging examples of amateur rooftop farms or gardens but instead envisioned as part of a government funded and national public health scheme. The farms are built simply from a modular 2.5x2.5m timber kit of parts which is deposited on rooftops by helicopter, alongside a lightweight steel crane which is used to transport produce up and down the building façade. The farms are ran by residents who then supply the locality by small modular market stalls on ground floor level, directly below the crane’s supply of commodities.

These markets thus create micro-economies of agricultural produce trade and consumption, without the need for large scale company investment or intervention. Hong Kong as a city is able to provide and sustain its population with little transportation or importing of goods. The second phase of the concept is enabling the people of the city to access and grow their own produce, especially the majority living in high-density tower blocks. Parasitic, 3x3m greenhouse cubes provide ideal environments for small scale vegetable and herb growing, allowing the urbanized population to experience growing their own food and practicing self-sufficiency on a small scale, in part helping to reduce waste and excessive consumption. The pods are hung from the building façade use steel tension rods and are built from a lightweight aluminium and glass structure, and can be accessed either through adapted window openings or converted balcony doors or access decks. They give many who have lived their entire lives within four concrete walls, an essential dose of greenery, life and an oasis like garden space. The scheme imagines, in a fairly Utopic future, a cityscape in which architecture can be used and adapted to create agrarian spaces and systems within an densely populated area and blurs the lines between rural and urban, converging farm and high rise block.


RDP-5npAz83X-2020 r e i m a g i n i n g H o n g Ko n g a s a n e p i c e n t r e o f u r b a n agriculture through parastic architecture

URBAN

AGRARIANISM rooftop farm

local grocers

DOWNTOWN, HONG KONG

kitchen garden


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10 10km/hr Documentary By: LTW, Taiwan

A Route to Discover the Past, Present, and Future of Taipei City Every great city is given birth by a great river. Four centuries ago, Ketagalan(Taiwanese native) sailed on Tansui River by Bangka(canoe). Three centuries ago, Chinese migrant cultivated, fished, and transported relying on Tansui River. 150 years ago, Taiwanese tea, fur, and other goods exported all over the world through the shipping on Tansui River.

Area A This compact area, with temples, pier, bike rental, and river front plaza, is the intersection of history, religion, and traffic. For frequent activities different users hold, a resilient open space and temporary structure system are needed the most.

Taipei, a city born from the river, was once inseparable from Tansui River. However, embankments were constructed for the safety of citizen. Residents in Taipei are forgetting that Taipei is a city of river. Inside the embankment, God of River, who had jurisdiction over Tansui River and protected people on the river, now can only watch a nine-meter high concrete wall from the temple. The giant infrastructure split the city and cut down the memories and history connection. The embankment caused the rupture of space and culture.

Area B Consisting of forty-meter wide highway viaduct, water purification plant, nine-meter high embankment, this area is full of large-scale infrastructure people turn their blind eye to. We took use of the extraordinary spaces formed with infrastructures and the output of the plant. An arboretum under the platform of purification plant is cultivated with purified water and sludge full of nutrient. A theatre under highway with astonishing columns like Greek temples allows people to watch religious performance on the river. A scaffolding lookout is attached on the embankment and approach road. These spaces are the extension of the urban spaces inside the embankment.

We cannot topple the embankment. However, we could stitch up the rupture by creating new connection. We curated a documentary hidden in the city on the both side of embankment. This documentary can only be watched by following our route through small-scale openings and flyovers of embankment by small vehicle - like a bicycle. First, we identified a route from the origin of Taipei along the river to the last low-developed district. The route cutting through three different areas, which are a historic center, a typical mixed-use urban area, and a small floodplain with rich mangrove ecological landscape. Second, we designed some temporary pavilions at three spots along the route. Pavilions are built with scaffolding and attached to existing infrastructure like embankment, viaduct, and approach road. They connect with the opposite side of embankment through space and program.

Area C In this residential area, we designed two circulation routes hanging under approach road connecting local school and the bicycle route by a flyover. One of them is a floating playground, and another one is an ecological corridor above the mangrove forest. With the documentary parasites in the city, we are telling the stories of Taipei about its past, present, and future, in different speed and scale.


RDP-B8zTRJH3-2020 “Every great city is given birth by a great river.” Taipei, a city born from the river, was once inseparable from Tansui River. However, embankments were constructed for the safety of citizen. Residents in Taipei are forgetting that Taipei is a city of river. Inside the embankment, God of River, who had jurisdiction over Tansui River and protected people on the river, now can only watch a nine-meter high concrete wall from the temple. The giant infrastructure split the city and cut down the memories and history connection. The embankment caused the rupture of space and culture. We couldn’t topple the embankment. However, we could stitch up the rupture by creating new connection. We curated a documentary hidden in the city on the both side of embankment. This documentary can only be watched by following our route through small-scale openings and flyovers of embankment by small-scale vehicle like bicycle. First, we identified a route from the origin of Taipei along the river to the last low-developed district. The route cutting through three different areas, which are a historic center, a typical mixed-use urban area, and a small flood plain with rich mangrove ecological landscape. Second, we designed some temporary pavilions at three spots along the route. Pavilions are built with scaffolding and attached to existing infrastructure like embankment, viaduct, and approach road. They connect with the opposite side of embankment through space and program.

Area C

Area B

Area A

&

Play Ground Ecological Education

Theatre

Open Space Waterway

Bicycle Path

Road

Elementary School

Bicycle Path

Embankment Traffic Infrastructure

Embankment Pier Temple Hard Pavement Green/Wetland

Area A

10KM/HR DOCUMENTARY This compact area, with temples, pier, bike rental, and river front plaza, is the intersection of history, religion, and traffic. For frequent activities different users held, a resilient open space and temporary structure system are needed the most.

dynamic subject

0km/hr

static observer

static subject

10km/hr

dynamic observer

The plot can be driven by movement of observer or observed subject.

View Point Arboretum

Bicycle Path Waterway

Hard Pavement Green/Wetland

Area B Consisting of forty-meter wide highway viaduct, water purification plant, nine-meter high embankment, this area is full of large-scale infrastructure people turn their blind eye to. We took use of the extraordinary spaces formed with infrastructures and the output of the plant. An arboretum under the platform of purification plant is cultivated with purified water and sludge full of nutrient. A theatre under highway with astonishing columns like Greek temples allows people to watch religious performance on the river. A scaffolding lookout is attached on the embankment and approach road. These spaces are the extension of the urban spaces inside the embankment.

Purification Plant Embankment Traffic Infrastructure Hard Pavement Green/Wetland

Area C In this residential area, we designed two circulations hanging under approach road connecting local school and the bicycle route by flyover. One of them is a floating playground, and another one is an ecological corridor above mangrove forest.


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10 Levitated Getaway By: Poojitha Reddy, India What if you were in a peaceful space? And by peace, the space is covered with a thin layer of water, it reflects the clouds. And sometimes you feel as if you're floating among the clouds. But there were also days when the horizon disappears, like immersed in something bigger. But what’s floating there today are just not clouds of galaxies, but plastic. These are the footprints we're leaving on the planet. Behaviour of human beings is making a Global impact on our eco-systems. This era is called Anthropocene. So, it kept me thinking as to why not find solutions to make some sustainable practices to develop into a lifestyle itself. And when it struck me, mental health is also very important to take care of. So what if there’s a space far far away from our monotonous lifestyle to get a quick break and rejuvenate over a weekend or so. Then it developed into a recreational space/centre for all age groups without any discrimination since it strongly supported community living. And since it had to be farther away from the land, I chose it to be on water. And water as an element in architecture is extremely strong and in literature it is the most obvious, symbolises birth, purity, cleansing, or the washing away of sins. Water is very important to life and growth and it mainly appears as a birth and rebirth symbol. This radical project supports prototype for floating cities itself. The progress was headed from a pontoon to floating recreational building to recreational neighbourhood to recreational floating city, and the transition has achieved

Hemimetabolous. It is feasible for all that I just comprehended and to achieve a space farther away from land, since there are many countries having this achieved already eg. Venice, Amsterdam, Singapore, Dubai, etc. “The human body is 70% water, so is our Earth’s surface. And it’s rising. And even if the whole world woke up tomorrow and became carbon-neutral overnight, there are still island nations that are destined to sink in the seas, unless we also develop alternate forms of floating human habitats. And the only constant in the universe is change. Our world is always changing, and right now, our climate is changing. No matter how critical the crisis is, and it is, this is also our collective human superpower. That we have the power to adapt to change and we have the power to give form to our future.” Bjarke Ingels. The thought process however began from the above statement and it was sensitive enough to pick up a challenging topic to reciprocate the sensitivity towards it. Site chosen was in Bay of Bengal, 30km away from the coast of Edward Elliot’s beach, Besant Nagar, Chennai, India. This neighbourhood had already achieved significant goals towards sponge city lifestyle with sponge environment. Hence, the radical design of mine too had to be inspired by it. With the help of sponge pathways, open spaces, buildings, etc. one can achieve their space to not get flooded by including bioswale channels into the design. Also, for sustainability in food, resources, water, energy etc. are explained by the following:

according to the usage of water. Per person = 270L / day and for a community it is 27,00,00 L/day c. Waste Treated and reduced by practicing community compost gardening, following 3R’s, anaerobic digestor, waste to energy plant etc. treats the waste and also helps in converting it into energy for the functionality of the design itself. Waste produced per person = 815g/day and a community produces 8,150 kg/ day. d. Energy Services like waste to energy plant, solar panels, wind turbines, wave energy convertor, algae bioreactor, compressed air, current and tidal generator, heat exchanger, etc. are implemented in design. And by practicing the 3R’s, sustainability is practiced and becomes an integral part of their lifestyle. These are some of the ways to achieve life on water. And accessibility is to take up the floating pier from the shore and arrive at check post to avail electric mobility to reach 3kms away from the same via ferries, boats, catamarans etc. The ocean takes up about 70 percent of Earth's space, yet a whopping 95 percent of that ocean is completely unexplored. Any person, who has an eye in designing, has always seen water, as an element to their architecture. Our inquisitive minds often wonder what it would be like to live a day without the chaotic monotonous lifestyle to relax, rejuvenate, and renew.

Since the project proposal falls under Innovative Architecture for public, behavioural architecture has played a main role. On the same note, as a civic and environmental activist I've a. Food inculcated the principles that an architect is supposed to Communal farming (indoor and outdoor) , 3D ocean farming positively work towards. The psychometric analysis on the (like scallops, shrimps, fish, oysters, shellfish, mussels etc.), environment in recent years have enlightened the need to aeroponics(produced in air like herbs such as mint, ginger, ecolli, nettles, and leafy greens), aquaponics (produced in water protect fragile ecosystems such as coral reefs since they are sensitive to pH levels in ocean, sunlight and temperature. They like tomatoes, peppers, beans, peas, squash, cauliflower, etc.) not only acts as a property of wave reduction, but also helps in and by setting up hydroponics where food is grown by drip enriching the ecosystem and innumerable marine species as irrigation system. Per person 1878 g/ day is required. For a home, encourages oceanographers to discover, and makes community of 10,000 people, it is achieved of 18,780 kg/day every human to act responsible and sensitive towards the which is achievable with all the resources stated above. same. It does excite and succours scuba divers, to pause, meditate and heal. b. Water Through roof collection, dehumidifier, water storage, Nevertheless, we are bound to adapting, and here’s for a great deployable water bladded, atmospheric water genertation, renewable desalination, wastewater and graywater treatment, cause! etc. it is easy to produce both potable and non potable water



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10

Sandcrapper By: Mekemta Jodel Bismarc, Cameroon

The Sandcrapper is an infrastructure for air purification after a sand and dust storm. This does not only mean producing breathable air, but also by transforming biological materials from these storms into 3D-printed materials and integrating urban agriculture that benefits the local population. In a context of accelerating urban growth and a global health crisis, this project not only solves the problem of air pollution but also transforms sand and dust storms into an agricultural asset and a new building material.


RDP-bEkqzcpt-2020

SANDCRAPPER MAKING SANDSTORMS A LASTING TREASURE

The dust

The SANDCRAPPER is an infrastructure for air purification after a sand and dust storm. This does not only mean producing breathable air, but also by transforming biological materials from these storms into 3D printed materials and integrating urban agriculture that benefits the local population. In a context of accelerating urban growth and a global health crisis, this project not only solves the problem of air pollution but also transforms sand and dust storms into an agricultural asset and a new building material.

Entry of dust in suspension

SOURCES OF DUST EMISSIONS (TONS/YEAR)

55 %

8%

World

25 %

54 %

15˚N

40˚ E 60˚E 80˚E 100˚E SURFACE DUST CONCENTRATION (UG/M3)120˚E 20

50

200

50

100

150

140˚E

3

3D printer

4

Photocatalyser

5

Water purifier

6

OPTICAL THICKNESS DISTRIBUTION OF ATMOSPHERIC DUST

500 2000 5000 20000

35˚N 30˚N 25˚N 20˚N 15˚N 10˚N 5˚N EQ 90 ˚ W 80 ˚ W 70 ˚W 60 ˚W 50 ˚ W 40 ˚ W 30 ˚ W 20 ˚ W 10 ˚ W 30

Particle storage

76 %

63 millions

Natural sources, such as deserts or depressions in drylands. Anthropogenic sources, such as land use change, agricultural practices and water diversion

20

2

24 %

25 millions

75 %

10

Particle separator

40 %

255 millions

46 %

54 millions

60 %

202 millions

70 %

92 %

41 %

46 %

30 %

840 millions

millions 59 %

5

1

54 %

63 millions

1 536

Dust collector 62 millions

46 %

200

300

0,8 000 0,4 000 0,2 000 0,1000

0

10 ˚ E 20 ˚ E 30 ˚ E 40 ˚ E 50 ˚ E 400

600 2000

5000

Reported concentrations are around 200 to more than 200 μ g/m3 in these arid and semiarid regions. These dust concentrations are relatively high and exceed the limit of 50 μg/m3 set by the World Health Organization for the average admissible concentration.

0,050 0

Meteorological Research Pole

0,0250

dining, sport, entertainment

0,0125

Accommodation

Atmospheric dust is mainly concentrated in the regions from which it emanates, i.e. the deserts of the tropical and subtropical belt of the Northern Hemisphere and the mid-latitude deserts of Central Asia, China and Mongolia.

THE POLLUTION FROM THE SAND AND DUST STORMS THAT WE FACE

Heavy metals clinging to the lungs after inhalation take many years to be excreted, contributing to an increased risk of lung cancer. Dust storms damage crops, kill livestock and erode fertile soil.

3

RECYCLING OF RESOURCES

The project will be located in desertic, semi-arid areas where sandstorms are frequent. In northern china, latin america, north and west africa, europe, asia and the Middle east, the project will be located in the north of china, latin america, north and west africa, europe, asia and the Middle east.

5 Photocatalyser At this level a chemical reaction takes place between polluted air and titanium dioxide in the presence of light. pure air, water and carbon dioxide are produced.

Lead metal for the production of storage batteries

Durst storm

3D printing

In materials for the restoration of old buildings. Of noise-reducing materials for insulation

Collecting

Processing

fertilizer

Fresh air

2 Particle separator The air coming from the collector is separated into particles by the particle separator. the products obtained are heavy metals, organic matter, fertilizers, gases and sand

Particle storage

Their role here is to store the different particles in each tank. Their walls are made of polymers reacting specifically to the type of particles encountered.

The air we breathe after sandstorms is very toxic and is dangerous to people's health. The current graph shows the Meningitis Belt (in red) and areas with a high risk of epidemic (in brown); in all other areas, there is a lower incidence of outbreaks and sporadic cases (Source: World Health Organization).

RECYCLING OF ORGANIC MATERIALS

LOCALISATION

Dust collector

Its role is to suck up dust. It is equipped with a turbine that serves as an air pump.

heavy metal

The amount of biological material contained in sand and sprout storms is so great because it comes from a long-range accumulation of biological particles. These biological particles can be reused at several levels.

Fresh air

1

The problem of sandstorms and dust storms increases over the years. This phenomenon due to climate change and human activities has a negative impact by damaging crops, killing livestock and eroding fertile soils. In addition, the ecomic losses due to a sandstorm can reach hundreds of millions of dollars. Dust also impacts people's health as it is laden with pollutants that cause heart and lung problems. Dust storms can carry various pollutants, spores, fungi, bacteria and allergens. Dust from the Sahara can cause meningitis epidemics in the Sahel. Also these sand and dust storms contain higher levels of heavy metals such as arsenic, lead and selenium.

Agriculture

4

The 3D printer will produce materials useful in the field of construction, electronics, communication, etc.

6 Water purifier It purifies the water coming from the photocalyzer. This water is recycled for use in the building.

water

Fertilizers will be reused in the creation of an agriculture beneficial to the local population and Agriculture this will contribute to an economic contribution.

The wind turbine Production of electric power by taking advantage of the wind

The translucent shell is made from a polymer called Polyether ether ketone (PEEK). It is a thermoplastic that is highly resistant to extreme conditions. The membrane is lined with solar collectors to ensure energy autonomy.

3D printer

Organic metal structure inspired by lung capillaries


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10

New TV Tower By: Y&W Studio, China

For a long time, with the rise of internet-based television, TV towers have been in decline. However, in some developing cities, they hope to build a comprehensive TV tower building that integrates sightseeing, tourism, display, and TV signal transmission. At the same time, because of its unique form, it has become a local landmark and promoted local economic development. In the city of Fuyang in central China, the government has such an idea. If we study the traditional TV tower, we will find that in order to resist the level and load, the TV tower is built into a structure with a large bottom and a small upper part, so that the most valuable upper space is very little. To change this situation, I envisage using steel cables to resist horizontal loads, using a special escape system to reduce the area of the core tube, and installing elevators on the periphery of the tower to achieve better sightseeing. This new type of TV tower building has the best economic return, and because of its unique structural design, it has become a unique landmark of the city, completely changing the skyline of conventional cities.


RDP-jt5jdvNR-2020

TV tower basic form

TV tower basic form

For a long time, with the rise of Internet TV, TV towers have been in decline. However, in some developing cities, they hope to build a comprehensive TV tower building that integrates sightseeing, tourism, display, and TV signal transmission. At the same time, because of its unique form, it has become a local landmark and promoted local economic development. In the city of Fuyang in central China, the government has such an idea. If we study the traditional TV tower, we will find that in order to resist the level and load, the TV tower is built into a structure with a large bottom and a small upper part, so that the most valuable upper space is very little. To change this situation, I envisage using steel cables to resist horizontal loads, using a special escape system to reduce the area of the core tube, and installing elevators on the periphery of the tower to achieve better sightseeing. This new type of TV tower building has the best economic return, and because of its unique structural design, it has become a unique landmark of the city, completely changing the skyline of conventional cities.

Transformation

Transformation

Observation deck

Sightseeing elevator

Exhibition & Store


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10 Jianwai SOHO Parasitic Housing By: Yuan Ruizhe, Zhao Chenzhang & Wang Junkai, China

SITE The site is located in Jianwai SOHO, one of the most high-class office districts in Beijing, China, and is surrounded by Beijing International Trade CBD. It is one of the most prosperous commercial areas in Beijing, but the working class - the main population here - cannot afford the expensive rent nearby and generally choose to live far away. This separation of work and residence has caused many urban problems: the traffic jam caused by commuting is serious. During after-office hours, holidays and other non-working hours, the reduction of population in the office area always led to a sluggish business; the lifestyle of migrating every day and night also overwhelms the physical and mental health of young people. PURPOSE This project hopes to propose a method which could solve the living problems of working-class in such expensive office areas, while improving urban problems mentioned above. CONCEPT Put the living functions (basic living units) and other related functions (including elevators, corridors, public kitchens, public toilets, public laundry rooms, public living rooms, etc.) into a modular residential system, which is parasitic in the office buildings area:

1. The structural framework of the modular residential system is added to the original building structure of the office building. 2. Open an entrance between the office building and the modular system to streamline the internal space of the two. Because this modular residential system does not occupy the floor area, it is only connected to the ground through some structural pillars, elevators, and pipeline tubes, so its rent is not very expensive, which is affordable to those young working-class people. HOW IT WORKS Each unit in this modular residential system is a 3m X 3m cube, and various functions in the residential system are formed by combining and arranging between the cubes. The cube changes its position by moving along the steel track. The entire modular residential system is controlled by a computer algorithm system. Each new occupant could enter his own needs in the algorithm system. The system will convert the user needs into input parameters for calculation, and finally determine the most suitable location and rent.



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10

A Radical Project to Invent Housing for LGBTQ Community

Architectural Pride Parade By: Jiafeng Gu, China

Since 1959, the LGBTQ community has launched countless social movements to call for an equal right of love and the social acceptance, among which the Pride Parade has extended its influence to over 60 countries. Meanwhile, the family structure has undergone dramatic changes, in which the dominant nuclear family structure was decomposed and new various family structures emerged. While the housing is generally recognized as the representation of the family structure, there is no appropriate housing form to accommodate the emergent LGBTQ families. Prompted by this global trend and Michel Foucault’s insights into space, this project is intended to invent a new type of housing for LGBTQ community with inflatable materials.


RDP-Dt2kKkyz-2020

[5] Interior Perspective

[ Achitectural Pride Parade ] A Radical Proejct to Invent Housing for LGBTQ Community Since 1959, the LGBTQ community has launched countless social movements to call for an equal right of love and the social acceptance, among which the Pride Parade has extended its influential to over 60 countries. Meanwhile, the family structure has undergone dramatic changes, in which the dominant nuclear family structure was decomposed and new various family structures emerged. While the housing is generally recognized as the representation of the family structure, there is no appropriate housing form to accommodate the emergent LGBTQ families Prompt by this global trend and Michel Foucault’s insights into space, this project is intended to invent a new type of housing for LGBTQ community with inflation materials.

House of Aggregation

House of Unity

House of Dispersal

[6] Site Plan, Floor Plan and Section

Couple Cluster *2

Friend Cluster *1 Individual Cluster *3

[1] Abandonment of Wall System

[3] Translation into Inflation Housing Unit

Being identified as the ‘people existing on the margins of society’ by French philosopher Michel Foucault, the LGBTQ community, as well as its living environment, has always been excluded from conventional housing design. According to Foucault’s theories, the partition by the wall, as a machine of power, set the family space an invisible hierarchy based on the conventional family structure, thus restricting the development of LGBTQ family relationships. A conventional family usually involves two or three generations, which requires a clear division between the shared and the private, and an allocation of individuals’ rights of space. But these do not apply to a LGBTQ family. Therefore, walls and partitions are abandoned, and a new free architectural language based on their lifestyle shall be proposed.

Individual Space

Collectively shared by family members and associated with metaphors of social acceptance.

[2] Inflation Material for Architectural Parade

Memory

Wraping Prototype

Parade

Inflate

Move

Floating

Ritual

Kitchen

Storage

Bathroom

Living Room

House for Individuals

The first type is designed for aggregated homosexual couples, where public programs, like living room and dining room are put into displaying inflations prototypes for inter-couple ‘Pride Parade’.

The second type is designed for united friends, where they share communal space and live a co-living life for social acceptance. People can decide the level of privacy in their mobile study rooms.

The third type is designed for dispersed individual of LGBTQ the community, where their living space is made up of 3 still units and a flexible bedroom for individual ‘Parade’.

1.2m Floor Plan 1:400

1.2m Floor Plan 1:400

1.2m Floor Plan 1:400

5.6m Floor Plan 1:400

5.6m Floor Plan 1:400

5.6m Floor Plan 1:400

Section 1:400

Section 1:400

Section 1:400

Failed Attempts

01 Studying Unit-Enclosed

02 Sleeping Unit-Enclosed

03 Storing Unit-Enclosed

04 Bathing Unit-Enclosed

05 Cooking Unit-Enclosed

06 Dining Unit-Enclosed

07 Living Unit-Enclosed

08 Studying Unit-Floating

09 Sleeping Unit-Floating

10 Storing Unit-Floating

11 Bathing Unit-Floating

12 Cooking Unit-Floating

13 Dining Unit-Floating

14 Living Unit-Floating

15 Studying Unit-Canopied

16 Sleeping Unit-Canopied

17 Storing Unit-Canopied

18 Bathing Unit-Canopied

19 Cooking Unit-Canopied

20 Dining Unit-Canopied

21 Living Unit-Canopied

22 Studying Unit-Wrapped

23 Sleeping Unit-Wrapped

24 Storing Unit-Wrapped

25 Bathing Unit-Wrapped

26 Cooking Unit-Wrapped

27 Dining Unit-Wrapped

28 Living Unit-Wrapped

Resonance

Sta y

y pla Dis

Mo ve

e Hid Wrapped Inflation

Canopy Prototype

Bedroom

[ Type 03: Dispersal ]

Exhibition

Healing

Enclosed Inflation

Transparent Form

Event Enclourse Prototype

LGBTQ Community

Study Room

House for Friends

Devotion

Independence

Floating Prototype Display

Dining Room

[ Type 02: Unity ]

House for Couples

Family Space

Privately enjoyed by individuals and associated with metaphors of self-acceptance.

As the Pride Parade is a key characteristic of LGBTQ communities, inflation materials are chosen as the language of morphology for its transparency and dynamics, which is associated with the displaying and movement in a parade. With the reinterpretation of family space and the inflation typologies, 28 inflation housing prototypes then are created as components of houses. According to three primary communal family relationships, three conceptual houses are designed as part of the LGBTQ community near a riverside in somewhere on earth.

[4] Inflation Housing Unit Typology

[ Type 01: Aggregation ]

Floating Inflation

Canopied Inflation


TOP

10 E311 Entertainment Interchange By: Gbadebo Giwa and Shereen Khafagy, UAE Mentored by: Professor Jason Carlow. Produced in The American University of Sharjah

In United Arab Emirates, as one drives northward from Sharjah on the E311(the longest highway in UAE) the skyline of an unfinished city rises out of the desert. The project site: Emirates City in Ajman (the smallest emirate in UAE) is a dense cluster of towers in various stages of completion lodged in developmental limbo. The district’s banal, repetitive residential towers perched on top of multi-story parking garages are the architectural by-products of global real estate speculation and local building codes. Entertainment Interchange is primarily directed to use the major component that Ajman lacks to boost its own economy and to create a unique competitive identity that would align it with the more developed emirates, Dubai, Abu Dhabi, etc. This component is what we believe to be a well-rounded and interconnected Entertainment Industry.

Ajman’s leisure landscape currently consists of a single shopping mall, a handful of hotels, and a park that does not suit the financial level of most of its residents. This project attempts to create a Bilbao effect in Ajman by creating an Entertainment City Megastructure that interrogates the synthesis of every possible leisure activity with residential programs with the hope of dissolving socio-economic strata amongst residents and visitors. The project focuses on the design of a tower type; specifically a type of building that when multiplied can create a city that is more than the sum of its parts. This proposal provides an incentive for Ajman residents to not only stay in Ajman but serves as an attraction for residents of other Emirates and tourists worldwide.


LETS TALK NUMBERS

RDP-CkrkNnY5-2020

Layered Penthouses above offices and workplaces

Private Roof Garden for home owners during work breaks In United Arab Emirates: As one drives northward from Sharjah on the E311(the longest highway in UAE) the skyline of an unfinished city rises out of the desert. The project site: Emirates City in Ajman (the smallest emirate in UAE) is a dense cluster of towers in various stages of completion lodged in developmental limbo. The district’s banal, repetitive residential towers perched on top of multi-story parking garages are the architectural by-products of global real estate speculation and local building codes. Entertainment Interchange is primarily

Auditorium for cinema, shows, events, meetings, etc.

directed to use the major component that Ajman lacks to boost its own economy and to create a unique competitive identity that would align it with the more developed emirates, Dubai, Abu Dhabi, etc. This component is what we believe to be a well-rounded and interconnected Entertainment Industry. Ajman’s leisure landscape currently consists of a single shopping mall, a handful of hotels, and a park that does not suit the financial level of most of its residents. This project attempts to create a Bilbao effect in Ajman by creating an Entertainment City Me-

Affordable housing units below work spaces for convinience

gastructure that interrogates the synthesis of every possible leisure activity with residential programs with the hope of dissolving socio-economic strata amongst residents and visitors. The project focuses on the design of a tower type; specifically a type of building that when multiplied can create a city that is more than the sum of its parts. This proposal provides an incentive for Ajman residents to not only stay in Ajman but serves as an attraction for residents of other Emirates and tourists worldwide.

Ferris wheel diagram S

Relationship between bridge and housing units

N

PLAN LEGEND

Restaurant (Food Court) Community Cafe (Work Space) Male Gym Space (Female Space-Light Blue) Services (Core, Vertical Ciculation) Affordable Housing Buffer zone seperating spaces (Bridge)

SKGARCHITECTS ©


Radical Design Project


Honorary Mention


HONORARY MENTION

The Rebirth of Karez: Oasis Plan By: Yuxuan Cai, Zehua Bian & Yuxuan Dai, China

The climate monitoring of the World Meteorological Organization shows that warming trend of the global climate system is further sustained. The global average temperature in 2018 is about one degree centigrade higher than pre-industrial levels, ranking the fourth since modern observation records are maintained. 2018 was the year with the highest ocean heat content on record. Sea levels continue to rise, and the sea ice range in the Antarctic and Arctic is far below average. Losses caused by global weather and climate disasters account for more than 90% of all the economic losses caused by natural disasters. In recent years, the number of Karez in Xinjiang, China began to decline sharply. We put forward a set of methods to solve the problem of Karez becoming dry gradually. In the 1950s, there were as many as 1,700 wells in Xinjiang. With the continuous drying up, by the end of the 1980s, the number of Karez wells had dropped to more than 860. Therefore, we hope to design a device to extract water from the air. The location of the device is in Turpan Basin, Xinjiang Province, China. The whole device consists of three parts:

First of all, in the middle of the unit, we use the large temperature difference between day and night in Turpan area, use MOF materials and wind power to condense water and supply it to underground rivers. Secondly, we simulate the special back shape of a desert beetle in Namibia and design a folding ground water replenisher at the top of the device, so as to realize water collection from the air in a sense. The water collecting principle of this desert beetle is that when the day and night alternate, the air will be filled with a lot of water vapor. The shape of the beetle’s back can leave the water vapor in the air to supplement the water needed by the body. The bottom of the device is composed of a group of supporting parts, which are used to fix the device on the well wall and play a supporting role. As a result, with the passage of time, the oasis in the desert will continue to recover without human interference. At the same time, we hope that this concept and model can be applied in other desertification areas, so that oases can reappear.



HONORARY MENTION

Living Platforms By: Jericho Bankston, USA

Conventional zoning and planning regulations limit community growth in contemporary cities. Zoning restricts the way people develop and grow relationships and the services that exist within. As populations grow and urban environments find themselves redefining growth; biomimicry, sustainability, and technology will change the way that communities are built. Best practice has been to lay down grids across unstructured lands and develop cities. Within the established grid social islands have been created that separate people from nature. This separation from the natural environment has created a dependency on transportation instead of cultivating living neighborhoods. Restricted by this need for industry, renewable frameworks have been left out of the planning process and a structured attempt to add them back into an aging system has resulted in underutilization and a lack of performance. The current reliance on building materials and techniques that are cumbersome, labor intensive, and uninformed add to this under performance. Looking forward, technological advancements will put an end to outdated techniques of current construction methods. Biomimicry: Growing urban environments organically, in response to environmental context will support human health in dense locations and develop a self-sustaining ecosystem. Part of nature's fundamental role is to grow in a manner that maximizes function and form where communities can find support within their surroundings. Sustainability: At its core, successful development provides urban regeneration. This supports a city's ability to grow while holistically integrating sustainable building systems between infrastructure. New framework brings existing

buildings an opportunity to support living communities through mutually beneficial renewable relationships. Technology: The use of evolving technology will radicalize the ways cities are developed. By stitching together the city grid, a fabric of networks can be formed. A combination of today’s scientific achievements and tomorrow's cuttingedge technologies will innovate the basis of design. Transformation of our cities starts by utilizing existing systems within the existing building cores. Their new purpose is to host and anchor community development. Much like a fungus grows from a stable host, communities grow from an established system. Diversifying existing developments and providing sustainable local needs that include micro-retail, housing, and urban agriculture, collaborative relationships form. New development - targeted at solar collection, water recycling, and urban agriculture brings the sustainable farm to table experience of green practices to residents and visitors. Technological advancements will allow for a more integrated construction experience, which promotes users to design and develop based on needs. By implementing drone-based printing techniques urban environments link uses and intensify sustainable systems organically. This changes city blocks from separately zoned parcels to a symbiotic system. In order for radical ideas to succeed, systematic change is needed. The basic principles of radical ideas may be possible, but until traditional practices are challenged, these ideas will deteriorate. A new generation of designers calls for an expanded understanding of how communities can and will be shaped.


RDP-mqPKygTZ-2020

LIVING PLATFORMS COMMERCIAL

RESIDENTIAL

AGRICULTURAL

Conventional zoning and planning regulations limit community growth in contemporary cities; restricting the way people develop and grow relationships and the services that exist within. This traditional planning and zoning has separated communities from their needs and created an unhealthy reliance on transportation, destroying community independence, walkability, and selfsustaining neighborhoods. To achieve urban regeneration there must be integration of three key pieces of development; community housing, local commercial-retail, and urban agriculture, with a focus on creating sustainable relationships. These three components will create self-sustaining, independent, walkable communities by building off the existing urban environment. The connectedness of the community strengthens the supporting infrastructure and makes for healthier urban environments throughout.

EXISTING STRUCTURE

To achieve this, we propose living platforms. Developed to connect the existing systems of a city with new systems of a community. Living platforms will use biomimicry, sustainability, and new technologies to grow organically through an existing city grid. 3D printed structure allow for the depth of the structure to house utilities, water collection, and energy storage. The top of the platforms allow for urban densification and community growth. Living platforms are not a direct solution to one problem, but rather a strategy that addresses many problems. A focus on sustainable solutions and community relationships will result in development that is beneficial to the individual user and the city.

COMMERCIAL

RESIDENTIAL

ORGANIC INFILL

AGRICULTURAL

AGRICULTURE

MIXED RESIDENTIAL

SUSTAINABILITY


HONORARY MENTION

L'Hermitage Climber Shelter By: Gilbert Nicholas, Lebanon

In these unprecedented times we feel the urge more than ever to find our own shelter, to discover undiscovered places. L'Hermitage is an eco-friendly, 3D printed, easily maneuverable shelter for climbers and mountain explorers. It can be placed nearly anywhere without harming its entourage, ecologically and visually. This shelter can be opened when in usage and closed after it to occupy the minimum space required. When closed, what remains is a green wall that merges and becomes invisible on the the egde of a cliff or inside a forest. With its low impact on the ecology of the planet by using recycled 3D printed walls, and low impact on the landscape because of the compatible aspect and greenery, it can be the next generation of hikers and climber shelters. Process: The Hermitage's location is added on a specified mobile application that works as a tracker and as a booking platform. When booked, the app sends a one-time passcode to its user in order to open the shelter.


RDP-x6nSAE2s-2020

3.40m

L’ HERMITAGE

3.80m

The process of opening and closing mechanicaly the shelter

The shelter when closed is just a gre en wall

Briefly L’HERMITAGE is:

_Easily removed with no traces

_Easily fabricated

_Gets its energy from solar panels

_Easily placed anywhere

_Linked to a bio-toilet

_Easily mounted

_Zero impact

_Easily maneuverable

_Camouflaged in nature

Shelter’s interior space A- Bed opened and the furniture pieces removed from their containing wall B- Bed closed and furniture pieces returned to their places

3.80m

MOUNTAIN CLIFF

3.40m

1.22m

3.80m

Fu l l y o p e n e d

Connection to cliff Solar panels Gre en ro of 3D printed walls

It can be placed anywhere because its compact and lightweight Bio toilet Furniture wall

Gre en bottom

Glass facade

The Shelter while opening with a code from distance


HONORARY MENTION

What would it be like if we could start over? What if we decided to be careful? We had to find different solutions for our rising population that is taking over the land. Still, we could decide to turn everything to green. What if we could live within the green? Managing between the two extremes. A city within a forest.

The Mesh City: City within Forest By: Tasnim Farah, Bangladesh

A city that expands into the depths of the forest and still doesn’t harm the soil. It builds onto minimum land, grows in a linear pattern not to harm the trees, and transits far above leaving the soil bare to grow and replenish. Standing on minimum piling the city grows overhead with the mesh structure of Bamboo with an aerodynamic optimal structure. The city grows with a common structure being connected altogether up above the ground. People travel through this connection. Neighborhoods that connects their houses with wooden bridges. With its’ hydropower source, the city consciously manages the power. Having minimum vehicular routes: a train traveling through the city connecting the end routes and electric pods wired in smaller routes. A city building industries and growing their foods organically. Using technology of tree grafting to use the resources of forest and save the soil. Consciously managing rain water and renewable energy sources as solar panel, protecting all of the surrounding. Most of all, the city also protects itself. Connected altogether with a mesh bamboo structure, they stand out stronger than ever.


RDP-xpCgnYZS-2020

2 Slender arched

1 Typical piling

Blending Form

Rain Water Harvest & solar power

bamboo piling sa ves the soil

3

Form to Form structural connection lateral support for city

Disaster Resilient

Neighborhood

Woven Bamboo

Hydro-power

Graft Food Plant

Aerodynamic Form

Mesh Structure

Circulation

4

Vertical gap space for trees to grow


HONORARY MENTION

The Urban Fabric By: Jayant Negi, India

The unutilized spaces around elevated platforms like flyovers, railway tracks and other built spaces require specific and sensitive design interventions that take into account the present challenges faced in an urban context. One of such challenges that came up recently is the covid-19 pandemic. With lack of spaces to quarantine the patients, there is a dire need to establish an environment that proves itself to be easily accessible, sustainable, affordable and feasible, and which moreover integrates itself with the urban fabric. The design proposes on utilizing the space below and over an elevated railway track/flyover by providing a cluster of shipping containers acting as quarantine units/ relief units during pandemic or other natural calamities, and which later on can be transformed into housing units. This cluster can be adapted and repeated at other similar spaces. The space below also provides a green buffer along with play areas, jogging tracks and pocket parks that weave into the city’s fabric, resulting in a vibrant urban life. The containers are placed well above the ground to ensure safety and avoid contact with the general public.

The idea of public and personal health, mobility and transportation is integrated into the design. The space over flyovers uses the community centre as a shared space to establish a link between these units and the rail network. Rail connectivity to different parts of the city leads to easier mobility and transportation of the effected people to these units without disturbing the context. The community centre is set-up in two levels using crosslaminated timber which makes the design sustainable. The main roof that encloses the built is constructed in timber with photovoltaic and led panels. One half of these panels absorb the sunlight during day while the other half responds to providing a sense of security at night. Thus, the design is a collaborative take on shared spaces that integrates emergency architecture. It densifies urban spaces with minimum urban sprawls. But at the same time, it also permits people to enjoy street life and to interact with each other even after they are separated temporarily. These wide aspects weave together to form the urban fabric.



HONORARY MENTION

Rapid Response Urban Fabric By: Team SNK, Hong Kong

Since the 21st Century, society and technology have been changing faster than ever in history, but so has the climate changes. Cities are struggling to be developed to catch up with such a rapid pace of evolution in human civilization and tremendous change in the environment. As the awareness of environmental sustainability increases, people are aiming to minimize impact to the environment, overdevelopment in natural resources and a more flexible urban design. Therefore, a Rapid Response Urban Fabric (RRUF) is required to correspond to the upcoming challenges. The RRUF is achieved by an overhead network that serves to translocate infrastructures around the world. The network named "Skyrail" is an overhead network, supported by anchoring buildings, allows buildings/ partials of buildings to be translocated to certain destinations through the usage of claws. With the creation of the RRUF, the utilization of space becomes more malleable than ever, providing another alternative in comparison to the traditional concept of land uses and zoning in urban design. The Skyrail can also hold buildings permanently on the claws, in extremely rare possibility when no land can be found to lower the buildings, Skyrail can provide the support for buildings to ensure the advancement of civilization will not be affected despite the lack of land.

The Skyrail not only moves buildings, but also modules of buildings. As the trend of modular architecture starts to pick up, this provides an extra layer of opportunity when implementing into the RRUF. If new concerns are raised over environmental challenges, modification to components of the concerning buildings. This not only allows a more recyclable approach in architecture, but also providing a new aesthetic of faรงade and function crossover. Understanding that modules can be applied, additional implementation on structures to adapt to the ever-changing environment can also be more precise and flexible while lower in cost and higher in efficiency. The RRUF aims to provide a flexible and efficient response to the rapid changes in the modern society and more importantly the challenges from the ever changing environment, the response aims to minimize the impact on resources and also to ensure human civilization can advance as swiftly as possible.


TYPOLOGY

RDP-u2m6rMst-2020

Present cities are unable to rapidly respond to the change in both environment and society, due to the slowly responsive urban fabric.With the skyrail, buildings can be translocated to different locations to meet the society's needs, thus the urban fabric is more flexible and more efficient to respond to the challenges and also in utilizing spaces.

Components of a building can also interchange to achieve a function and aesthetics crossover amongst buildings.

RAPID RESPONSE URBAN FABRIC An overhead network that serves to translocate infrastructures around the world

Utilization of spaces is restricted by designated landuses and existing buildings.

Buildings can be transported swiftly to designated destination without reconstruction.

Support buildings for the skyrail system

In cases of any natural disasters, the skyrail is capable to withstand and transport buildings to safe areas immediately and safely.


HONORARY MENTION

Mountain ecosystems are important balancers of biological diversity, however, accelerated soil erosion is a common consequence of commercialization in these regions.

Porous Prescriptions By: Urwa Parmar, UAE

Physicality and the Architecture of Remoteness: The 21st century challenges us to look for new alternatives and visionary thoughts that uncover and re-integrate a relationship that has been lost in translation: humans – architecture – nature/science. Looking at materiality and performative modeling, the project will follow a sequence which will encourage an early and continuous focusing on the singularity and transformative quality of a concept. Material properties, structural ideas, and formal/ spatial patterns are interdependent and symbiotic. The project investigates new relations between the territories of performative structure / science / materiality and narrative / program.

Porous Prescriptions is a research and retreat facility in Limah, Oman that aims to correct mountain erosion through a biodegradable spray-foam concrete construction. The project follows an infill and dissolve approach wherein tectonic infrastructure is inserted into areas of erosion. It is then sprayed with biodegradable concrete which acts as a mold over which the mountain settles and corrects for erosion. During the correction process, people are welcome to inhabit the Porous Prescriptions and once the ecosystem has been restored, The work combines physical and digital modeling residents can vacate, and the infrastructure can begin to and techniques; looking at structure as a dynamic, performative, spatial and material component of dissolve into the mountains. architecture which acts as a component of the complex network of tectonic, material and spatial systems. The project reconfigures matter from a compact mass to a porous volume which is cast and infills structural geometries/frames. Like a fossil, it is attached and grows, to retain, infill and correct the erosion of earth. The linear geometry of the new structure suggests an ‘infrastructure,’ a bridge of varied spaces and programs. Evolved through time, the structure is a dynamic volume that responds to the mass of the terrain. Its interior and porous geometry allows for varied tectonic experience of carved, enclosed and porous spaces of light and programmatic sequences.


POROUS PRESCRIPTIONS | A SOLUTION TO MOUNTAIN EROSION |

RDP-bGegppZC-2020

Mountain ecosystems are important balancers of biological diversity, however, accelerated soil erosion is a common consequence of commercialization in these regions. Porous Prescriptions is a research and retreat facility that aims to correct mountain erosion through a biodegradable spray-foam concrete construction. For this proposition, the mountains of Limah, Oman serve as the site. Physicality and the Architecture of Remoteness: The 21st century challenges us to look for new alternatives and visionary thoughts that uncover and re-integrate a relationship that has been lost in translation: humans – architecture – nature/science. Looking at materiality and performative modeling, the project will follow a sequence which will encourage an early and continuous focusing on the singularity and transformative quality of a concept. Material properties, structural ideas, and formal/spatial patterns are interdependent and symbiotic. The project investigates new relations between the territories of performative structure / science / materiality and narrative / program. The work combines physical and digital modeling and techniques; looking at structure as a dynamic, performative, spatial and material component of architecture which acts as a component of the complex network of tectonic, material and spatial systems.


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