Page 1






Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc.



JEWEL HENRY A. CALLIS The Surviving Founder

His Message . . . "In spite of the length of life of the fraternity, in order to keep that life going and to improve leadership among our folk in America, Alpha Phi Alpha will have to utilize her brains, in planning for excellence in public relations. To make it worthwhile, you must keep your feet planted solidly on the ground." Jewel Henry A. Callis

Naturally, when you settle down to a career, you want to do it where you'll also enjoy living. That's Sikorsky in Stratford, Connecticut, home of the famous American Shakespeare Festival, set amid woody, hilly country near Long Island Sound, within easy access of New York City. And naturally, you want to be where your long-term career prospects are excellent. That's Sikorsky too. We're in the forefront of advanced technology for VTOL (Vertical Take-Off & Landing) aircraft, at a time when these remarkable craft are being increasingly utilized commercially—in construction, short-haul transportation, exploration, film making, firefighting, traffic control and other areas. Yes, VTOL technology is definitely a field of the future —yours, if you like. At Sikorsky you'll enjoy a stimulating professional environment where your ability is encouraged, recognized and rewarded,

where your career can really take off. We're now offering opportunities—at highly competitive starting salaries and excellent benefits— for Aeronautical, Mechanical and Electrical engineers in the following areas: DESIGN (aircraft structures; propulsion systems; transmissions; rotor, hydraulic & flight control systems; electrical/electronic systems). TEST AND ANALYSIS (structural, loads, dynamic, stress, mass properties, reliability/maintainability; electrical/electronic systems; technical computing). MANUFACTURING ENGINEERING (planning, methods, processes). For further information, see your Placement Office for our brochure and the date of our forthcoming campus interviews. Or write directly to Mr. Leo J. Shalvoy, Professional Placement.

Sikorsky Rircraft STRATFORD, CONNECTICUT An Equal Opportunity Employer M & F




Number 2

Volume 60

May-June 1974



J. HERBERT KING, Editor 4728 DREXEL BOULEVARD CHICAGO, ILLINOIS 60615 Contributing Editors John D. Buckner, L. H. Stanton, Charles Wesley, 0 . Wilson Winters, Laurence T. Young.

PUBLIC Program J. Herbert King Dick Campbell Louis Martin L. H. Stanton Bill Sims

RELATIONS Committee Carlton Taylor Eddie L. Madison John Procope, Jr. Longworth Quinn Frank L. Stanley, Jr. Chairman


Leonidas H.



Beta Phi Lambda


Gamma Lambda


Xi Chapter


Beta Kappa Lambda


Beta Delta

22 ....

Omicron Lambda Alpha



Nu Lambda The Sphinx is the official magazine of the Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc., 4432 Dr. Martin Luther King Dr., Chicago, III., with editorial offices at 4728 Drexel Blvd., Chicago, III. 60615. Published four times a year: February, May, October and December. Address all editorial mail to 4728 Drexel Blvd., Chicago, III. 60615. Change of Address: Send both addresses to Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, 4432 Dr. Martin Luther King Drive, Chicago, III. Manuscripts or art submitted to The Sphinx should be accompanied by addressed envelopes and return postage. Editor assumes no responsibility for return of unsolicited manuscripts or art. Opinions expressed in columns and articles do not necessarily reflect the views and policies of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc., and use of any person's name in fiction, semi-fiction articles or humorous features is to be regarded as a coincidence and not as the responsibility of The Sphinx. It is never done knowingly. Copyright 1970 by The Sphinx, Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc. Reproduction or use, without written permission, of the editorial or pictorial content in any manner is prohibited. The Sphinx has been published continuously since 1914. Organizing Editor: Bro. Raymond W. Cannon. Organizing General President: Bro. Henry Lake Dickason. Second class postage paid at Chicago, III. Postmaster: Send form 3579 and all correspondence, 4728 Drexel Blvd., Chicago, Illinois 60615.


Past General




Theta Lambda


Time of Change and Challenge


Minority Engineers




.. . .


. . .



Executive Secretary's Desk




68th Anniversary Convention Equal Employment


. .




Jewel Henry Arthur Callis


Brother Roscoe C. Giles


Jewel N. A. Murray


Southern Regional





Editor Speaks


Omega Chapter


COVER: Portrait of Jewel Henry Arthur Callis in Action.

The " B U S I N E S S ENCOURAGE MENT" Program will operate in each local chapter under the guidance of a "Committee on Business Encouragement." Each chapter president shall appoint a businessman to chair this committee. The "Business Encouragement" committee will hold workshops, seminars and symposiums on various subjects of business encouragement for all of the brothers, especially the younger brothers who will need stimulation to enter the various fields of business; brothers in large white corporations who could start their own businesses, and independent businessmen who could expand their businesses through joint efforts. It shall be the responsibility of the committee to select speakers and make contacts in the departments of business administration in universities, chambers of commerce, and private and governmental organizations in their areas.

benefits, business taxes, industrial relations, labor relations, syndication, tax shelters, limited partnerships, public ownership, etc. There is also a large body of information in pamphlets and booklets from S.B.A. (Small Business Administration), OMBE (Office of Minority Business Enterprise), and other governmental agencies about how to succeed in business, pitfalls on going into business, etc. The chapter "Business Encouragement" committees should collect tihs kind of information and set up a library in their chapters. The Executive Secretary (at the national office) will assist the chapter chairmen in the selection of business literature. The COMMISSION strongly suggests that the regional Vice Presidents develop a "BUSINESS ENCOURAGEMENT" Program for their regional conventions. In this manner, the Fraternity will have an on-going program beginning on the chapter level . . . (then) graduating to the regional level . . . and, finally each year playing a major part in the agenda of the national convention. Basically, what we are saying here is that each ALPHA chapter — through its local president and "Business Encouragement" committe — should implement a continuous program of business encouragement and development among the brothers. In fact, the "BUSINESS ENCOURAGEMENT" Program should become an integral part of all chapter programs. The national policy and structure of the "Business Encouragement Commission" shall be vested in the national President, the national Co-Chairmen, the regional Vice Presidents, the Coordinators, and the chapter presidents. The regional Vice Presidents and the State Directors will lay a vital part in expediting this program since they are in direct and consistent contact with the chapter presidents within their regions. The Executive Secretary will work directly with the regional Vice Presidents, the Coordinators, the State Directors and the local chapter presidents . . . under the direction of the national President.

The speakers do not necessarily have to be ALPHA men, but they should all have expertise in broad areas of business management and other related business fields. For example, workshop sessions could be set up in the subjects of marketing, advertising, accounting, personnel selection, employee social security

Commission on Business Encouragement John H. Johnson, President Johnson Publishing Company, Inc. LeRoy W. Jeffries, President Jeffries and Associates, Inc. Co-Chairmen — Business Encouragement Commission


SPEAKS General President W a l t e r Washington At the 67th ALPHA PHI ALPHA ANNIVERSARY CONVENTION held in New Orleans, Louisiana, in August of 1973, General President Walter Washington established a ""Commission on Business Encouragement." The President, in laying out the preliminary groundwork for this Commission, stated: It shall be the purpose of this Commission to set up a national program: (a) TO ENCOURAGE young brothers, particularly undergraduates, to go into business. (b) TO ENCOURAGE brothers who have been working in well-run white establishments to establish businesses of their own. (c) TO ENCOURAGE joint efforts for the growth of existing black businesses. (The President also gave the Commission the freedom to develop ways and means by which this objective may be achieved.) The President appointed two CoChairmen to develop and implement this project. The Co-Chairmen are: Brothers John H. Johnson, President Johnson Publishing Company, Inc. Chicago, Illinois LeRoy W. Jeffries, President Jeffries and Associates, Inc. Los Angeles, California In a later statement, under the title of "How To Implement The ALPHA PHI ALPHA FRATERNITY National Program, 1973-1974," President Washington said, in essence: THAT each chapter shall appoint a committee on "Business Encouragement." This committee shall hold workshops and use other means that the chapter may determine appropriate to stimulate brothers to enter the businesses of their choice. THAT the chapter may invite various business executives to discuss ways and means of going into business or how to start a business. THAT the chapter may want to ex2

tend this opportunity to non-fraternity members in the community — however, this shall be left to chapter determination. THAT the national COMMISSION ON B U S I N E S S ENCOURAGEMENT will work with this project. This Commission will be working with the Executive Secretary at the national level to give technical assistance to the chapter committees on Business Enouragement; however, the responsibility for carrying through this project shall rest with the chapters and their various committees. THAT each chapter will be asked to make an annual report on progress in this area.

The Sphinx I May-June 1974






Brother William H. Walker, Executive Secretary

GREETINGS: The Executive Secretary and his staff extend to all the brothers in Alphaland a warm and personal HELLO! I think you will be interested in hearing the "facts" when the Executive Secretary presents his first convention report. So you must be there! SAN FRANCISCO, '74 — At this point we find ourselves only weeks away from the convening of the 68th Anniversary Convention to be held August 2-8, 1974 at the Hotel St. Francis in San Francisco, California. "PLAN TO NUMBER YOURSELF AMONG THE 3,000" Convention Reports . . . For the first time, most of the major convention reports are being forwarded to the General Office before the session. These reports will be included in the Registration Kit . . . allowing all delegates and brothers ample opportunity to study this information before it is formally presented to the convention. Hotel Reservations . . . There has been an unforeseen shortage on the official "hotel reservation cards" for the convention. All brothers are advised to contact the General Office upon encountering any difficulty in this regard. NOTE: The Hotel St. Francis will NOT accept telephone reservations for the convention period! Public Program . . . The speaker lor the Public Program will be Brother CHARLES RANGEL, Democratic Congressman from New York and Chairman of the Congressional Black Caucus. COMMUNICATIONS — The CHAPTER MAILING LJST for 1974-75 is now being compiled. All chapters should submit the official directory of chapter officers and the official "chapter address" immediately. To date we have received addresses for only 30 College Chapters (out of the total 211) and only 34 Alumni Chapters (out of the total 237). All State and Regional Directors are urged to insure that all chapters in their jurisdiction file this report. SALES — The General Office is implementing a policy of increased sales of ALPHA paraphernalia to the brotherhood. The following is a list of current available items. Please note several PRICE CHANGES. PRICE LIST Office Inventory Original A P A Medallion* Sunburst Medallion Black and Gold Lapel Pin* Constitution and By-Laws Life Member Lapel Pin Ritual (Limit 2 per Chapter) Sphinx Manual

$ 4.25 7.50 2.00 .75 10.00 1.00


In the true Spirit of ALPHA may I say — This is the year you are glad to live . . . This is the year you have much to give . . . This is the year when you know the truth . . . This is the year of the 68th Anniversary Convention when all our DREAMS will come true!

WILLIAM H. WALKER Executive Secretary The Sphinx I May-June 1974

ALPHA Brother Gerald E. Thomas

A Black officer, Capt. Gerald Eustis Thomas. 45, recently became the second Black to be named a rear admiral in the U. S. Navy. The first Black admiral, Samuel L. Gravely Jr. was named in 1971. Capt. Thomas is presently assigned to Pacific Destroyer Squadron Nine, a fleet of six destroyers in the Pacific. A native of Natick, Mass., he has served in the Navy for 22 years since graduating from Harvard University in 1951.

Construction Man of the Year Brother Paul King

Brother Paul King, executive director of the United Builders Assn. in Chicago, recently was honored as "A Man Who Made Marks in 1973" at the 1974 Construction Man of the Year Award dinner in New York City. This marked the first time two Blacks have won the award at the same time. Brother King noted that had it not been for friends and business associates of his and Campbell, the audience would have been completely white. "This was a rare chance for Blacks in the building industry to meet with whites in the field," Bro. King stated. King, a long-time fighter for Black equality in the construction industry, noted: "Black architects and Black contractors working together can develop and control projects that will produce the jobs and structures offering the quality of life our people want and deserve." He said that his association is encouraging young Blacks to get into the building industry because of its importance to society. 3

A Call to the 68th Anniversary Convention San Francisco, California, August 2 - 8 , 1974 "ALL THAT IS NECESSARY FOR THE FORCES OF EVIL TO WIN CONTROL OVER YOU IN THIS WORLD IS FOR ENOUGH GOOD BROTHERS AND SISTERS TO SIT COMPLACENTLY AND TIMIDLY BY A N D DO NOTHING." — so this committee interprets Edmund Burke to fit today's needs in fighting the games being played through Dr. Eric Berne's "Transitional Analysis" ways of dealing. As we reach out for the bits and pieces, we find that this is a year demanding of us many strategic decisions. Alpha Phi Alpha, Inc., as an intellectually oriented organization, is being forced to weigh the pros and cons of everyday living at a'.l levels of our segmented and diversified membership -- if we are to survive. For us, survival has now become the name of the game! Fortunately, as individuals, many of us have proven ourselves equal to our selfish concerns but today demands much more — we must come together, work together and think together for the common good of ALL BROTHERS. OUR 68th ANNIVERSARY CONVENTION MUST TAKE ON NEW C H A L L E N G E S A N D RESPONSIBILITIES. WE CAN NO LONGER BE SATISFIED WITH BEING THE No. 1. SOCIAL ORGANIZATION, WE MUST COME TOGETHER TO ATTEMPT TO RECAPTURE THE TRADITIONS, VALUES and MORES envisioned by our founding fathers. YES, ALPHA HAS BEEN A LOT TO MANY IN THE PAST BUT MUST NOW MEET THE CHALLENGE OF GIVING MUCH MORE TO T H E FUTURE! As we observe and check through the many innovative substitutes for experience being sold as a way of life to those of our number seeking salvage and recovery out of the mires of poverty and dispair, the seriousness of an Alpha Convention should become more apparent. For years, we have pushed ourselves as being "only as strong as our weakest link," yet at the same time, we have claimed fame by pointing out only those from among us who had achieved as individuals within the pattern of the "games." San Francisco has long been acclaimed



Standing: L. to R. — Lumus Byrd, Harold Ft. Jones — Local Publicity Co-Chm. and Regional Reclamation and Life Membership Chm., Donald Smith, Howard Grant, Thadaeus Brown, member Life Membership Com., Richard Lanktord, Public Relations Com. Seated: Grandval Jackson, Committee Treasurer, Rogernald Jackson, Coordinator, H. Welton Flynn, General Chairman, Howard Edwards, Committee Secretary, Vernon Johnson, Peninsular Representative.

as the "City That Knows How," but as we observe the "jive" from our vantage point, we find it necessary to relate to many common problems facing the people and Alpha Nationwide. For example: we are worried about the many plus values you may miss if the "energy crisis" really becomes as dominant a factor in our ways of life, as many of us are being led to believe. To date, as we guide and counsel our College Brothers, our expectancy is hitting new heights. They are looking forward to learning more about the Alpha structure, Ritual, Western Regional Handbook and the patterns for operation and being heard that once gave rise to our "Western Golden Age." From our Western Regional in Sacramento, California will spring a new enthusiasm for Alpha from our College Brotheres. We are also happy to pass on the fact that the Bay Area Alpha Wives and Sweethearts are in there working and planning side by side with the Brothers to make this a FULL FAMILY PARTICIPATION. Our planning stages are joining links in American Black Society as she relates to a World Philosophy as a "One World Society." Think about it — and then Ya-al Come!

Just a little over a century ago, San Francisco was a cluster of bayside shacks huddled in the lee side of the heltering hills. Where now stands the cities of the East Bay — Oakland, Berkeley, Alameda, Richmond — and the agricultural district of Sonoma, Napa, Solano and Santa Clara valleys, only infrequent wide-spread ranch houses were to be seen. The bay itself, today lively with excitement and the movement of vital world commerce, was then preserved almost unbroken in its primeval calm. As you read our proudly contrived evaluation, you will gain some knowledge of the forces that, in the brief span of a century, here created a great complex community, aware of its heritage but not dominated by it, conscious alike of the opportunities and problems of its present, and convinced of the responsible role it is called upon to play in the world of today and tomorrow. We invite you to come-see, experience, involve yourselves and enjoy. And like those who came before you, stay, settle down, help us meet the challenges because it ap(Continued on page 5) The Sphinx I May-June 1974

FRISCO AWAITS YOU . . . Pulling Together . . .

Bay Area Alpha Wives

Bros. Grandval Jackson, Treasurer, Rogernald Jackson, Coordinator, Howard Edwards, Secretary and H. Welton Flynn, General Chairman.

ACTIVITIES PLANNING COMMITTEE Left to Right — Mrs. Valaria Edwards, Julia Grant, Cora Mary Jackson, Clovis Long (Pres. East Bay Wives) and Helen Harris (Pres. West Bay Alpha Wives).

(Continued from page 4) pears that the ideas and experiences that will be shaping the destinies of people of the world are being incubated in the Bay Area. Here is where you will see life on the move, growing, experimenting and daring to be heard. In California one is expected sooner or later to make some passing reference to the weather. Let it be said, therefore, that the climate of the bay area is temperate, that it knows no extremes of heat or cold — yet within its comparatively narrow temperature range it exhibits a rather surprising versatility. Strange as it may, we do not have four clearly defined seasons but two — winter and summer, or a dry and wet period. Our average summer temperature ranges from 59 to 67 degrees — depending mainly on the distance from the coast — further inland, daytime temperatures sometimes rise up into eighties. As we rave, you pick up your reservations, travel light and comfortably and be here to share Alpha heaven with us. At this point in time, we refrain however, from going fully overboard with the Western United States presentations — especially our innovative and experimental educational ideas as they are sweeping through the minorities in their frantic quests for identity, knowThe Sphinx I May-Juno 1974

how through short-cut methods and project oriented educational experiments. On-the-other-hand, the evidenced challenges do give rise to much in the way of deep thought and research. In the Western Regional Educational Institutions, the question of concern at the moment appears to be: "Who is actually teaching our children?" Carrying our concerns even still further, we occasionally stop to ponder as to "Why and what are "they" trying to sell?" At this particular National Alpha Convention, in light of the abundance of educational experimentation at hand and underway, the time appears to be long past due for us (Alpha Phi Alpha, Inc.), to collectively put our heads together and start coming up with some creative ideas and directions that will assure ethnic survival in all of the out-front structured disciplines. We should be exploring for ourselves the challenges of "accountability and responsibility" as they relate to both parents, students and teachers. We must demand that each be trustworthy, available when needed and reliable in their evaluations We must bring each of our five major institutions (the home, school, church, industry and government) cooperatively into the educational concerns. Somewhere along the line, Alpha Phi Alpha should start with

this convention to become seriously involved with the "games being played upon us" through "innovative, alternative and experimental" educational offerings. We should evaluate the plusses and negative results in terms of the probable outcomes of where we are, and where we possibly will be ten, fifteen or twenty years from now. Many of us who "toy" with guidance and counseling are deeply concerned with the nonsensical and often "blind alley" type career choices our youth tend to pursue. Over the years, I have heard several counselors relate disturbing experiences with administrators because they dared to push minority youth toward the more rewarding "out front" fields. We are concerned with more doctors, lawyers, scientists and businessmen — not an overabundance of athletes and entertainers and "con" artists. If anyone is to program our youth, let Alpha expertees get on the ball. Let's make this 68th Anniversary Convention the biggest step forward in logical-type survival thinking and acting!


CLIMATE AND DRESS IN SAN FRANCISCO FOR AUGUST Combined Alpha Wives Convention Planning Team — East and West Bay


7 1

Left to Right — Mrs. Irene Hunter, Clovis Long, Claudia Abernathy, Rosalie Brown, Claudia's mother, Helen Harris, Cora Mary Jackson, Valaria Edwards, Rosalund Mathews, Betty Leath, Juanita Flynn, Ann Cato, Martha Elmore, Julia Grant, Evelyn Beckford, Fran Tate, Edith DeWitt, Lulu Smith.

SAN FRANCISCO . . . Gateway to the gold fields over a century ago — gateway to the Pacific in the heyday of steamships — in the air age, San Francisco is a gateway to the world, and in 1974 gateway to the Alpha Phi Alpha Convention. Alpha wives of San Francisco and Oakland will be your hostesses at the Sixty-eighth Anniversary Convention in 1974. Overlooking Union Square is one of San Francisco's largest hotels. In the hotel you will find the city's most famous dining rooms, luxurious cocktail lounge, smart shops, transportation offices and bank . . . a complete city within a city. Celebrated for its fine appointments and courteous service, the St. Francis has the charming atmosphere, the traditional elegance of a truly great hotel and this is where the major festivities will take place. Be assured that Mrs. James A. Harris (Helen), General Chairman and Coordinator of Women and Children's Activities, and Mrs. Herman Long (Clovis), Co-chairman, with the able assistance of a well informed and enthusiastic group of committee chairwomen has an outstanding program planned for your enjoyment. We look forward to greeting you at the St. Francis . . . the gateway to Alpha 6

San Francisco's three-block Japan Center offers the finest view of Japan this side of the Pacific. In spring and fall, when its pagoda—crowned Peace Plaza is the focal point for exotic festivals, costumed drummers occupy the yagura (replica of a medieval watchtower) at left. The cable car is motorized.

Phi Alpha in 1974. Visitors find San Francisco's mild summers a refreshing change from the high temperatures which prevail in other parts of the country at this time of year. During AUGUST, the thermometer seldom goes above 65° in the daytime, and the low at night is usually around 53°. Rain is most unlikely. San Francisco does have some fog in August — but summer fog is a morning and evening phenomenon, rarely lingering throughout the afternoon. And San Franciscans happily quote the U.S. Department of Commerce figures that the city is one of the three sunniest in the United States. AND NOW FOR DRESS — There's a bit of Boston and/or London in San Francisco's couture habits. The ladies will want to bring lightweight wools and those wonderful, packable wool or orlon knits for daytime wear. Suits are ideal for adapting to the temperature changes. If you prefer dresses, remember to include a lightweight coat, and, interestingly enough, fur jackets or stoles are seen on San Francisco streets all year round. Hats are optional. Head scarfs are wonderfully handy when taking a cruise on the Bay. Gloves are de rigueur. San Francisco men favor light-to-medium weight business suits of a somewhat conservative cut and medium weight sports jackets with slacks for casual

wear. An all-purpose lightweight coat could be welcome on cool evenings. San Francisco is a compact and exciting city and you will undoubtedly want to do a lot of exploring, so be sure to bring a comfortable pair of shoes. And speaking of shoes, summer visitors should be forewarned that they are apt to feel out of step in white shoes. These are worn in surrounding suburbs, but not downtown. A last bit of advice — During the summer months temperatures rise from 20° to 30° within a small distance of the city, so if you are planning a trip down the peninsula or across the Golden Gate Bridge to the nearby wine country, it's a good idea to include at least one summer cotton outfit for these trips. There is so much to see and do in San Francisco that even the climate obliges. The fresh, invigorating air will make you want to be on the go — to ride the cable cars . . . to explore Chinatown . . . to see colorful Fisherman's Wharf . . . the beautiful bridges . . . parks . . . scenic views . . . to climb to the very top of the city and look out and down upon the breathtaking panorama all around you. We hope you'll agree that SAN FRANCISCO IN AUGUST is a delightful experience. The Sphinx I May-June 1974,

Alpha Phi Alpha Frafernity, Inc. SIXTY-EIGHTH ANNIVERSARY CONVENTION St. F r a n c i s Hotel Convention H e a d q u a r t e r s San F r a n c i s c o , California


Telephone: (212) TN 7 0895 Dates of Job Interviews August 5, 6 , 7 .

L. II. Stanton, Coordinator Room 305

507 Fifth Avenue New York. New York 10017

******* GRADUATE BROTHERS *******

Dear Brothers: This message is directed specifically to you because you are a significantly important resource. Many of the major companies listed on the reverse side of this letter have expressed an interest in you. You have something which they are seeking, and that is EXPERIENCE in the world of BUSINESS. For many years now, the job recruitment effort at the General Convention has been directed at under-graduates and recent college graduates. The experience of many of the major companies who have participated in recruitment at the Convention has been so successful that a large number have been asking how they might tap ALPHA'S large pool of experienced graduate brothers. We now have the machinery available to put these companies in touch with that pool. If you are interested in a job change, the only thing you have to do is to send in a current resume detailing your objectives and background. We will take care of the rest!! Send your resume to: Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc. Equal Employment Opportunity Committee 4432 Martin Luther King Drive Chicago, Illinois 60653 BRING YOUR RESUME OR SECURE RESUME FORM AT THE CONVENTION Sincerely,

REL/ib/F958 P.S.


L. H. S t a n t o n , C o o r d i n a t o r Equal Employment O p p o r t u n i t y




.. (Continued on page 40)

The Sphinx I May-June 1974

68th ANNIVERSARY GENERAL CONVENTION HONORS ... JEWEL HENRY ARTHUR CALLIS "There goes a man of high impulse, of princely mien and grace"





Jewel Henry A. Callis


Our Fiftieth Anniversary celebration loses its significance unless, like Janus, we look both backward and forward. To cover a half century in a few minutes requires the insight of a genius. In 1906 three thousand lynchings had occurred in a quarter-century. Disfranchisement was law in one-third of th>. states. Separate but unequal had become entrenched practice throughout the Nation. The Niagara Manifesto, demanding full manhood rights under the Constitution for all Americans, was heresy.

Jewel Callis

Today, we stand on the threshold of a new democracy. Many unsung souls have sacrificed themselves in the unrelenting struggle which Frederick Douglass foresaw when he said, "Power concedes nothing without a demand; it never has and it never will." What are the dangers ahead in the next half-century? They are not new. Success and prosperity breed selfishness and indifference. These vices undermine the free society that spawns them. Eternal vigilance remains still the price of liberty. Freedom for one's self cannot be divorced from responsibility for one's fellows. Nor is freedom divisible. There is not one freedom for thought, another for speaking, another for reading, another for association and yet another for travel. As citizens our obligation is to guard jealously, complete freedom for all Americans. Only this vigilance will keep America strong and keep us free. 8

Brother Thaddeus Hobbs

It is a distinct honor for the western region to be chosen as the site of honor for our beloved Jewel Henry A. Callis. As Western Regional Vice President, speaking in behalf of the entire brotherhood of the Western Region, "We shall forever cherish this momentous occasion, the 68th Anniversary General Convention, honoring Jewel Callis. We extend to Jewel and Mrs. Callis our sincere wish of happiness." Jewel and Mrs. Henry Arthur Callis and Brother Albert A. Duncan. Brother Duncan, then an undergraduate, served as an escort during the 59th Anniversary Convention. The Sphinx I May-June 1974

JEWEL HENRY ARTHUR CALLIS... There goes a man of lordly rank, of hero's stock and soul


. .


.»•&>a*'>-"*& H _ _ „ _ _ _ _ _ _





%. -.«#"

*5^^^« Brother


shown above at the 1913 General



The 50th Anniversary, Jewel Callis said, "stop messing with the constitution."

The Twenty Fifth Anniversary General Convention, Cincinnati, Ohio, Left to right, Jewels Kelley, Murray, Callis, Chapman and Ogle.

Jewel Callis sits with Brother Andrew J. Lewis, II, at the thirty first general convention, which was held in 1945, Chicago, Illinois. Jewel Callis delivered the Founders Address. The Sphinx I May-June 1974

Brother Callis shown in the center at his class reunion — Cornell University. 9

Jewel Henry A r t h u r Callis . . . "There goes a man who is a friend . . . To love and duty truth There goes a man to help uplift the lives of wholesome youth"

Brother Humphrey receives the Alpha Award from Jewel Callis, others shown are Past General President Newsom and Brother Howard Bennett.

Brother Edward Brooke tells a joke and Jewel Callis laughed. This occured at the Washington, D.C. chapter Banquet honoring Jewel Callis.

Jewel Henry A. Cams (second from left) gave one of the 59th anniversary general convention's most stirring addresses, calling upon the Fraternity to achieve greater heights in educational services to young poopie. Helping adjust microphone (from left) are Brothers Billy Jones, Beltord V. Lawson, and Albert A. Duncan.

Call for Human Dignity Urged in Southern Region Convention

SOUTHERN REGIONAL OFFICERS MEET Gathering in Greensboro, N. C. for the annual Southern Regional convention were regional officers (left to right) Henry M. Collier Jr., Savannah, Ga.; Andrew J. Lewis II, Atlanta, Ga.; Zenoch G. Adams, Nashville, Tenn.; W. J. Davis Jr., Columbia, S. C; Leonard C. Johnson, Charlotte, N. C.,; Assistant Southern Vice President; Walter Sullivan, Greensboro, N. C; Matthew H. Dawson, Atlanta, Ga.; Robert L. Smith, West Palm Beach, Fla.; and John Hendricks Jr., Lorman, Miss. 10

ENJOYING SOUTHERN REGIONAL Early arrivals to Southern Regional Convention in Greensboro, N. C. included (left to right), Mrs. Herman Landers and Mrs. M. G. Miles, both of Tallahassee, Fla. and Brother, Leonard C. Johnson, assistant Southern vice president.

(Continued on page 16) The Sphinx I May-June 1974

JEWEL HENRY ARTHUR C A L L I S . . . A Drop-Out with Indefatigable Determination Returned to Cornell University

by Brother Roscoe C Giles

Brother Roscoe C. Giles

Having matriculated at Cornell University in September 1907, I was fortunate in having intimate contact with the "Jewels." I was chairman of the first Ritual and Constitution committee giving me the opportunity of being familiar with the motives that stimulated the Founders to embark on the uncharted sea of their now historic endeavor. Our Founders were frontiersmen, self made men denied the opportunity for advancement in their local communities. Frequently they travelled miles in Jim Crow cars to come to Ithaca, thus leaving warm climates to live in a city where the temperatures hovered around 25 degrees below zero in- midwinter. In many instances their clothing was inadequate protection against the inclemencies of the weather, but they came heartened by an impelling ambition and by the welcome sign over the Great White Gateway to the entrance of the campus. The motto of Ezra Cornell the founder was there written, "I would found an Institution where any person can get information in any subject." Under this motto thousands have come through the years from the four continents and the Seven Seas. To our Founders, the motto of the Fraternity, "First of all, servant of all, we shall transcend all," was not mere jargon. The "Jewels" were men of diversified interests united in the ideas of making headway in the world and helping others The Sphinx I May-June 1974



up the ladder as they climbed. They maintained themselves by waiting table, shoveling, snow, pressing clothes during school years and in summer by red capping, dining car waiters, and serving Steamship Lines. Even in the early days they transcended. Brother Jewel Arthur Callis was forced to drop out of school for a year because of financial difficulties, but by his indefatigable determination returned to secure his degree, setting an example for the faint hearted who gave up the fight without a struggle. Bro. Callis and others "Transcended" by taking off their waiter's jackets where they were employed at various fraternity houses and tutored white students for $5.00 a lesson. Bro. Jewel George B. Kelley stood out in base relief. Most of you remember him for he never missed a convention. He was scholarly, deeply religious and a bachelor for most of his life. Those privileged to know him profited by his examplary conduct and wholesome advice. He graduated as a Civil Engineer, but was never able to obtain a job in any corporation and had to be content to work for the State of New York in the Barge Canal District. He never became bitter, but was the primary force in the establishment of our beloved organization. Bro. Kelley was a leader in the civic and social life of his home town, Troy, N. Y. Bro. Jewel Robert Ogle was an outstanding member of the Fraternity. He was devoted to his mother and did not leave Ithaca until her demise, at which time he became secretary to the Appropriation Committee of the House of Representatives. His Spencerian handwriting is now preserved in the archives of the Fraternity. Bro. Jewel Vertner W. Tandy was from Kentucky. He was an excellent student and a very promising architect. St. Phillips Protes'ant Episcopal Church of New "York stands as a monument to his architectual genius. Later he became a vestryman of St. Phillips under the late Bro. Father Shelton Hale Bishop. Brother Tandy was a fighter for the

principles he believed in. The Dean of the College of Architecture at Cornell married the Dean of Women of Sage College. She was from Virginia and adamant in refusing to accept Negro women in Sage College. Bro. Tandy led the fight against this pernicious practice which finally culminated in their admission. Bro. Jewel Tandy was not, however, a paragon of virtue. I suppose his genius gave him license. He would at times be an ardent devotee at the Shrine of Becchus and Aphrodite. During one of his excursions he disappeared from the house for a week. Fearing something serious had happened to him, we held a council of strategy deciding if Tandy did not show up by noon Saturday, it would be necessary to report his absence to the provost. When we came home Saturday we went to Tandy's room where we found him in a deep sleep. Attempts to interrogate him were futile. We were never able to get a word of explanation about his absence. Two weeks later a man in clerical garb came to the home inquiring for the Reverend Vertnor W. Tandy. We told him there was no minister living at our house. The gentleman was insistent that Reverend Tandy did live at 214 Hozen St. Reverend Tandy, he said, weighed about 230 pounds, clean shaven, light brownskinned and wore nose glasses. The F.B.I, could not have given a better description of our distinguished Jewel. Finally the minister let us in on a secret, although he did not know all the facts. Bro. Tandy, it developed, had gone to the minister's town, ended up in riotuos living and had gotten broke. Not having found funds to return to Ithaca, he had gone to the pastor and preached a sermon for him. The minister had lifted a collection for the benefit of his itinerant assistant which enabled Tandy to accomplish his objective. Tandy, out of gratitude, told the minister if he ever came to Ithaca to look him up. (Continued on page 12) 11

CALLIS . . . Drop-Out (Continued from page 11) Bro. Jewel Kinckle Jones was Brother Tandy's roommate. His father and mother were professors at Virginia Union University at Richmond, Va. Jones was a graduate student in Sociology. Later he became the executive secretary of the National Urban League before Bro. Lester Granger. Bro. Jones was an astute scholar and leader. In his college days he was mischievous and full of tricks and fun. Our landlady, Mrs. Clara Nelson, sang in the local church choir of which her plethoric and rotund, elderly husband was the minister on Sundays and a chef during the week at one of the fraternity houses. Mrs. Nelson had the habit of singing every night when we were intent on studying. As a compensatory diversion, Jones would start a game of whist and we would play until the distracting noise cleared. No money or chips were used, but invariably Mrs. Nelson would run upstairs, throw open our door without knocking, and with arms akimbo announce she did not allow card playing in her house. No amount of protestation would serve to break this procedure much to Jones' disgust. One day Jones called all the freshmen to his room. When we got inside he locked the door, then without batting an eye told us to remove all our clothing. Being an upperclassman and uoder the duress of some threatening gestures of his roommate, Tandy, we reluctantly complied. Then Jones had us sit at the card table and dealt the cards. He then stealthily unlocked the door, and with as much noise as he could make with his high pitched voice, he cried out, "Don't you dare cut my ace." With her accustomed alacrity, Mrs. Nelson ran upstairs and under the force of her momentum before she could draw up she was in the center of the room with all of us clad in only our birthday suits. She backed out of the room and knocked, but she never bothered us again. When the Constitution was written it stated that after the fourth chapter was formed we were to have a general convention. Jones ran on the road in the summer time. He landed in Washington, D.C. and be set up a chapter without any authority, but the fiat of his will. The next place his train laid over was Richmond, Va., and before we had re12

covered from the first irregularity he hadd set up a chapter at Virginia Union University. Then his car went to Toronto, Canada and cut out but not before Jones had set up a chapter there. By this time we decided to expel : Jones from the fraternity for insubordi-I nation. The jiight for the proposed expulsion came as we sat around grim1 faced. Jones got up to explain his actions. He said, "Why I even made an African Prince, Robert M. Mahlangan, a1 member." To pronounce the prince'ss name, Jones screwed his mouth to one' side and made an almost indistguish-able sound similar to that of a duck. Jones won his point. We were convulsedi with laughter and instead of the expulsioni we gave him a rising vote of thanks. * * * EDITOR'S NOTE: Bro. Roscoe Giles,, M.D., was general president of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc. in 1910. He was past president of the Cook Country Physicians Association and the NationalI Medical Association.

Ypsilanti Jaycees Honor Goodman George D. Goodman, director of the University's Opportunity Program for minority and disadvantaged students, has been selected as one of five "Outstanding Young Men of Michigan" by the Michigan Jaycees. The award is given on the basis of service and activities in state and local affairs. Last month, Goodman was given the Distinguished Service Award by the Ypsilanti Jaycees. He has been mayor of Ypsilanti since April 1972. He was first elected to the Ypsilanti City Council in 1970 and served as mayor pro tern from April 1971 to April 1972. Goodman, who first joined the U-M Admissions Office in 1968 as an assistant director, was named director of the Opportunity Program last April. Goodman, who taught at Roosevelt High School in Ypsilanti before joining the U-M Staff, received his bachelor's degree and master's degree in educational administration from Eastern Michigan University. In 1972 he was given Eastern Michigan's Alumni Association Honors Award.

DELTA PHI IN COMMUNITY ACTION Delta Phi Chapter of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Incorporated is involved in many community action projects as it promotes the tradition of service to mankind of which Alpha Phi Alpha is highly noted. Currently Delta Phi is in the midst of its Community Action Project for young men ages 9 through 12 for the third consecutive year. This project consists of counseling, tutorial, and athletic programs combined to give each young man a meaningful account of what's going on around him and test his athletic and mental abilities. In cooperation with Alpha Epsilon Lambda Chapter, the brothers of Delta Phi are currently involved in conducting a city wide voter registration drive throughout the city of Jackson. Along with this drive, information is given fo those individuals who receive social se-

curity, and other goverenment benefits, also information is given concerning new state and national government rules, regulations and, laws that some individuals are still not aware of. Recently Delta Phi Chapter held its Annual Spring Smoker for probable pledgees and was considered a complete success by everyone who attended. The occasion received an added welcome and surprise visit from the General President, Brother Walter Washington, who stressed the importance of every brother to do his best to go to San Francisco for the National Convention. We, the brothers of Delta Phi are constantly promoting the brotherly love and love for all mankind as we work together to serve the community and promote the high standards of Alpha Phi Alpha. The Sphinx I May-June 1974

The Early History and Ideals of the Founders OMEGA CHAPTER, DECEMBER 6, 1959 By Jewel N. A. Murray In the fall of 1905, your humble servant matriculated into Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, as a student in College of Agriculture. Associated with him at that time were eleven other Negro students, boys and girls, who were distributed in various other Colleges of the University. Our activities as students being very isolated did not bring us into actual contact or give us an opportunity to get acquainted with each other. This was due to the fact that a goodly number of the Colored student were working their way through college, by working at the various frat houses of the wealthy white students, who seemed to have been banded together for a mutual help of their several brother. It was while working and observing under the above influences that the desire for a similar organization of fraternity brotherhood among the colored boys was born, and nourished by a determination to have one for ourselves if such a thing was possible. We often talked about it in small groups, despite our poverty for we all felt it would require a great deal of money to be able to enjoy such fraternity privileges as as those for whom we worked. Without experienced minds and without any capital to draw upon we did not know which way to turn. Just about this time a graduate student in the University, Mr. C. C. Poindexter, employed as a private secretary by one of the Profs, in my department, hit upon the idea of calling all the Colored boys and girls in the University together for a general get-together meeting, at a house party at his residence in the city of Ithaca, N. Y. Accordingly, he sent out notices and every boy and girl who received one responded. Mr. Newton, at whose home our friend resided, also contributed much to make this initial meeting a howling success. When the meeting was opened and the purpose for which notices were sent out explained in full detail, every one present joined in wishing that such affairs be given as often as those present wanted them. The Sphinx I May-June 1974

After a general good time that lasted until the small morning hours, all returned to their respective rooming places eager for the next meeting, which was to be two weeks hence. For the time being our thought i.e. the small group forgot all about their fraternal ideas, so carried away were they with the sudden change which provided for the time, wholesome recreation and amusement twice a month. These meetings were well attended and continued to prosper until the early part of December, 1905, when the fraternity idea again began to buzz in the ears of the small group namely, Brothers Kelly, Callis, Ogle, Murray and Phillips. Furthermore, the feed features which were a part of each meeting as a chance to dance with the girls were additional incentives toward bringing those for whom we worked. Without the fellows out. At these meetings various types of programs were given. among which was the advantages and disadvantages under which colored students labored in order to make good in the various colleges of the University. To that end each boy and girl was to get and preserve copies of all the examinations both preliminary and final, and turn them over to Mr. Poindexter for filing, so that they could be used by any one so desiring. When the suggestion was made by Brother R. H. Ogle, and seconded by Brother N. A. Murray, that we ought to try and band ourselves into a fraternal organization the same as the white boys on the hill, it was received with much enthusiasm by a few fellows. They reasoned that since we had proven our interest in meeting by our willingness to appear on the various types of programs presented, the present organization would form a good nucleus for the students who knew others and were apparently interested in each others welfare. This idea was opposed by our friend Mr. Poindexter who saw as he termed the suggestion nothing but a complete failure. He was much older in years than any of us, but somehow the idea of having a Negro fraternity seemed to stick and grow until it has grown into the big brotherhood of College men that we are proud of today. He told us that

as a Greek student he knew of no significance Greek letters that we could call ourselves like the white boys because we had no historical background to prove our selection. But Brother Callis proved his idea later on to be entirely without foundation. Such was the beginning with which the small group named previously had to work with. Brothers, we were not lacking in perseverance, but began at once to formulate and lay plans looking forward to accomplishing our goal. Five in number at that time we were joined by three others namely Vertner Tandy, a student in the College of Mechanical Engineering and James Morton, a student in the College of Architecture and also a Greek Student. Talks with the colored residents of the town especially those who had worked or were working in the while fraternity houses at this time were more encouraging. They gave us the necessary moral support, by telling us that the colored boys should have similar organizations like the white boys. They even offered us financial aid and stated that we could use their homes whenever we wanted them for our meetings. The idea that the Negro boys of Cornell University were going to organize a fraternity spread like a prairie fire, and many offers of financial and other aid were offered us. We thanked them and told them that we would not turn down their assistance but would hold them in abeyance until some future date because we wanted to be sure of our name, and until such time we should work in secret. Further talks with Professors of Ancient History in the University were most encouraging. They were loud in their praises of our idea, and added zest and vigor to our already pulsating determination to have a Negro Fraternity—in fact every inquiry made at this time kindled and fanned our brightly shining project. A few significant facts right here will give you, my brothers an insight. The discovery of the art of making sharp edge tools as swords, knives, axes, the guillotine knife used by the French, and razors were credited to the Egyptians. (Continued on page 14) 13

IDEALS OF THE FOUNDERS (Continued from page 13) Wendell Phillips speaks of the art of tempering the steel by the early African in his lecture on Lost Arts. Men knew how to shave their hair from their faces long before the Christian era. The early African knew how to extract the metals from the ores. The early Ethiopians invented the banjo, harp, violin, drum, horn, week, month and 365 days and the art of embalming. Accordingly, when the 1905 Xmas vacation came on, Geo. B. Kelley, a resident of Troy, New York, and a student in the College of Civil Engineering was instructed to make a visit to Albany, N. Y., and ascertain from the Secretary of State, the cost and other details necessary to granting us a charter, for a Negro fraternity. If there ever was a group of hungry and thirsty, and expectant colored boys to be found, anywhere at that time, that bunch, previously mentioned, Call is, Ogle, Tandy, Murray, Jones, Morton and Phillips, certainly typified it to the extreme for upon the anticipated answer which Brother Kelley might bring to us would be sounded the death knell or victory for our cherished ambition. When he told us that only six members were necessary to grant the Charter, and that $25.00 together with notarial fees and a few other incidentals was the only financial expense necessary, we wept for joy and began at once to raise the necessary funds to put the deal through. Each member contributed his per capita quota of the necessary expense, and then work began in earnest to find the historical facts upon which we could base our name and existence, and how well we succeeded is attested by this group of college men from all sections of the United States, and at the same time to be inspired by the reports which the various delegates bring to us. These are most encouraging, for they serve as a means of effectively stimulating and stirring up the dying fires of Alpha Phi Alpha, in those chapters whose delegates are apparently not aware of the wonderful work which the fraternity with which they are associated is doing today. I repeat the names and the initials of the founders of this great and glorious fraternity, Alpha Phi Alpha: 14

Henry A. Callis, Chicago, 111.: Nathaniel A. Murray, Dunbar High School, Washington, D. C ; George B. Kelley, Troy, N. Y.; Robert H. Ogle, Washington, D. C ; Vertner Tandy, New York City, N. Y.; Gordon H. Jones, New York City, N. Y., and James Morton. In working on our ritual and preamble we spent many long hours in order to perfect a constitution and bylaws which would provide for, and insure a. smooth working basis for our future efforts. Ideas were borrowed from the white fraternities and modified to suit our own initiatory ceremonies, but the last great impression was original with your seven founders, and should not be abolished and not abused as some of us are wanting to do when we are called on to take part in the initiation ceremonies. Again at this time the name of C. C. Poindexter was suggested as on of those who name should have been added to the list of the founders since he had given birth to the idea which brought the boys and the girls together at his residence. But when the idea of organizing a colored fraternity was suggested, he immediately did all he could do to discourage the idea and the majority of the founders agreed that for the reason his name should never be linked with the early history of Alpha Phi Alpha. When asked for financial aid he turned a deaf ear to our pleas. In the early days when his advice and experience would have been a great help to us he was very antagonistic. Our first initiation wah held in a hall on State Street, Ithaca, N. Y. We used robes at that time borrowed from the people fro mwhom we rented the hall. Your humble servant N. A. Murray played the organ. We used as some of our initiation material tobasco sauce, also the culprit was bared to the back with arms behind, tied and his face was blindfolded. He was told to kneel and a red hot paper was passed over and in contact with a large piece of ice as a Care was taken to see that no harm (physically) befell the candidate. Next two boards were used to hit him lightly on the head and at the same time a blank pistol was fired. Finally, the last great impression, also a number of other stunts were indulged in that I don't recall at this time. Brother R. G. Ogle was at that time our secretary and had heard that there existed at Ohio State University, a

Negro fraternity with the name of Pi Gamma Omicron. He was therefore instructed to write to the registrar of the above mentioned school and ascertain if the facts were true. He received a negative reply to his letter but that did not prevent the enthusiasm from making up our minds to still carry on. The committee that function at that time was Arthur Callis, Chairman, Kelly, Ogle and Murray. This committee was ordered to devise a proper premise as a base for our ritual work. The name Alpha Phi Alpha was devised by Henry Arthur Callis. George B. Kelley was Vice President, Robert H .Ogle was Secretary and N. A. Murray was Treasurer. The pin was designed by Vertner Tandy. The first permanent meeting place was at 411 East State Street, the home of Mrs. Archie Singleton, which we rented at a nominal figure. The ideals of your founders were for a fraternal organization built squarely upon the solid foundation of quality rather than quanity. This was attested at the time soon after our fraternity was charted and the news of its formation given out to the world at large. Men were not taken into our fraternity simply because they were colored students in the same university as we were. What we wanted and placed special emphasis upon, was men of character, good fellowship, good scholarship, unselfish devotion to our cause, and men who would work and cooperate in unity for the good of Alpha Phi Alpha. The seven men who finally bound themselves together and gave to the world the first organization of Negro college men were actuated by and represented these ideals. Other ideas bespeak our doctrine and creed are to be found written in the preamble of the ritual. Whether we liked certain brothers or not or whether we liked methods of procedure would not influence us one way or the other. Our only aim was to show to the world that we possessed the necessary essentials of good christian brotherhood, and an unselfish devotion to the cause and organization that we represented. No matter what may have been the previous sentiments when the time came for the meetings, they met at 8 o'clock at night and adjourned between two and three o'clock in the morning. After many heated discussion and stormy threats had manifested them(Continued on page IS) The Sphinx I May-June 1974

Ideals of the Founders (Continued from page 14) selves, everyone departed with the feeling of good fellowship, anxious for the next weekly meeting. In those days there was much to be done, and meeting were sometimes held two and three times a week. A full quorum for these call meetings was always present even though social engagements pressed in upon the time of the brothers. Alpha Phi Alpha took first rank with your founders and social engagements came afterwards. Every task assigned whether in committee or in person, was accepted with an enthusism that labored only for success. In fact every brother vied with each other brother to see who could turn in the best committee report. We early realibed that unstinted service must be given to succeed, and that this service must be of such a nature as to lose sight entirely of self, even to the extent of physical suffering.



Editor, The Sphinx 4432 Dr. Martin Luther King Drive Chicago, 111. 60653 Sir: Please pardon my presumption in addressing you. But a matter very vital to my husband and to me continually (whenever a piece of Alpha material is received through mail) presents itself. My husband, JAMES HENRY JOHNSON, was initiated into the Beta Chi Lambda Chapter, Muskogee, Okla. on October 17, 1973. His certificate of membership and his identification card were made out to a John H. Johnson. I, his wife, changed the 'John' to James on each of these. He spoke to Brother Brother Charles H. Wesley V. L. Foshee, Secretary of the Muskogee Editor's Note: When Brother Charles Chapter and Regional Director for the H. Wesley, Historian of Alpha Phi Alpha state of Oklahoma regarding the inFraternity, undertook the preparation of accuracy, and I'm sure that he will eventually get around to it. But, in the meanThe spirit of Alpha Phi Alpha was the first edition of The History of Alpha time, he has a letdown' feeling, whenever ringing in our ears and pusating every Phi Alpha, each of the Jewels were the mail from Headquarters comes adbeat of our hearts. No sign of selfish- asked to prepare a statement. In this dressed to John H. Johnson. ness were ever exhibited at any of these issue, we are publishing the statement Again, I'm asking that you forgive history-making meetings, so eager were Brother Jewel Nathaniel A. Murray, al- my interference in this matter, but my we to get our research information that husband feels that he is not truly Alpha lowing his words to live again. (JEWEL would justify our existence and give for the February Sphinx. The number real significance to the name of ALPHA BROTHER MURRAY PASSED INTO Phi Alpha when his correct name is not PHI ALPHA. We never knew the mean- OMEGA CHAPTER ON DECEMBER recorded. I'm enclosing the address label ing of the term delinquency, so strong 6, 1959. HIS MORE THAN A HALF- 423 seems significant. was the Spirit of Alpha Phi Alpha. Most Sincerely, CENTURY OF SERVICE TO ALPHA Faith Dailey Johnson The Sphinx is located in the front of PHI ALPHA FRATERNITY IS CHER(Mrs. James Henry Johnson) the second pyramid Gizeh in Egypt. It ISHED P.S. Incidentally I'm a member of Delta is carved out of a huge outcrop of rock Sigma Theta Sorority Incorporated. into a huge man head lion. The body What response will these important Editor's Note: Accept our apology, is 150 feet long, paws are 50 feet long, head is 30 feet high and the face is 14 organizations make to the challenge of please. We corrected the mistake . . . feet wide. From the top of the head to fraternalism and the space age? The Now, didn't that make a "Delta Sister, the level of the ground is 70 feet. Orig- Sisteihood of Alpha Kappa Alpha may Alpha Wife" happier? inally painted red, the face is that of a respond, "Pride in the Past, Faith in the man with distinct Negro features. Future, Forward to a New Era of SerWe will look A mechanic can take material worth vice" for "By Merit and Culture We $5.00 and make an article worth S25.00 Strive and we do Things That Are For . . . — that is skill. An artist can take a dolWorthwhile, and with a Smile." To the lar piece of canvas, paint a picture on Brother and Mrs. it and it is worth $1,000,000.00 — that challenge of fraternalism in the space is art. ALPHA PHI ALPHA AND age, the brotherhood of Alpha Phi Alpha James Henry Johnson ALPHA KAPPA ALPHA can take the may respond, "In Our Dear Alpha A clannishness of a restricted membership Fraternal Spirit Binds All the Noble, at the circcumstance and make it work in un- the True and the Courageous." So, 68th Anniversary Convention selfish cooperation with movements of "First of All, Servants of AH, We in San Francisco! Human Rights and Human Welfare — Transcend All." That is Fraternalism. The Sphinx I May-June 1974



PLAY HOST TO SOUTHERN REGIONAL CONVENTION Some of the Alphas and Alpha Wives who hosted the successful Southern Regional Convention in Greensboro, N. C. April 11-13 included (left to right) Brother James Payne, Mrs. Payne, Mrs. Gordon Sellars, Brother Sellars and Mrs. Herman Taylor.

GREENSBORO, N. C. — "The reinstatement of human justice, human freedom and human dignity as a goal in American society," is a must for the survival of this nation, Brother Ozell Sutton said here in the keynote address of the annual convention of the Southern Regional convention. Sutton, who directs the U.S. Justice Department's community relations service for the Southeast Region, challenged the more than 350 brothers and their families attending the successful convention. "It's not governments or fraternities that count," said Sutton, "but people. All of those other things should serve the welfare of the people." Sutton told his audience that one worthy goal needs to be "to increase black representation on policy-making bodies." "The leadership in the back room is where we need to be," he added, "because the decisions are made there." Sutton also urged the Alphas to "adopt a policy of advocacy for the poor and deprived. We must plead their case before the courts, because we as college trained persons, we are better prepared than they." Sounding somewhat of a different note to the convention was Brother Herman Smith, director of the Office for the Advancement of Public Negro Colleges in Atlanta and a director of the Alpha Phi Alpha Education Foundation. Smith deplored the shortage of black 16

Ph.D.'s in the nation and also the shortage of trained blacks in many of the professions. "Why is this that of a minority of 15 percent of the population, we hold only one percent of the Ph.D. degrees?" asked Smith. "I've seen nothing to suggest improvement," said Smith, "and the fraternity has a role to play in all of this." He said that only 3,000 of the 130,000 pharmacists in the nation are black and 6.000 of the 300,000 physicians in the nation are black. "Our pioneering brotherhood must take some leadership," added Smith, "and there must be a revitalization of our image and identity." Smith said that now is the time for a black group to develop an endowed fund and for the Alphas to expand their program of financial support to brothers. Another speaker for the Greensboro convention was Brother Bennie Harris, vice president for the Southern Region. In a stirring banquet address, Harris traced the dedication of the founding founders of Alpha down to the present generation. The convention was hosted in the beautiful Holiday Inn-Four Seasons by the 11 1-member Kappa Lambda chapter of Greensboro and High Point, North Carolina. President of the host chapter is Brother Paul Sandifer and chairman of the convention was Brother Walter Sullivan.

Brother Whitney Coached Alcorn to 2nd Place NAIA

Bro. Davey Whitney, coach of the Alcorn State University's Braves presents 2nd place NAIA National Tournament Trophy to General President Walter Washington, president of Alcorn State University.

Brother Leonidas H. Berry Renowned Stomach Specialist from Chicago, Authored Medical Book


LEONIDAS H. BERRY, M.S., M.D. n„-i.t

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With International Contributors

The Sphinx I May-June 1974

Chapter Activities ETA XI LAMBDA CHAPTER In September 1973 brothers in Eta Xi Lambda Chapter awarded the 197374 Scholarship to Vernon Crocker of Lawton, Oklahoma who is presently attending the United States Military Academy. Vernon is the third recipient of the Alpha Phi Alpha Scholarship award, and is presently standing number one in his Freshmen Class. Several brothers are departing from the Chapter in the near future. Brother Juan D. Williams is to attend the FAA School in Albuquerque, New Mexico. Brother (Major) Charles Hood and Brother (Major) Robert Norwood is to attend Command General Staff College at Ft. Leavenworth, Kansas. Brother (D.D.S.) Jesse R. Wright former Chapter President for ten years has been designated as the first black to obtain the position of Chairman of the Parking Authority in Lawton, Oklahoma. At the beginning of year 1974. the Chapter had only two life members, but with the great drive and effort by the life Membership Chairman, Brother (Major) Elridge McMillan, the Chapter now has ten life members and seven subscribers out of twenty Brothers. DOUGLAS D. WILLIE Editor of the Sphinx

THETA ZETA CHAPTER The Sphinx 4432 Dr. Martin L. King Jr. Drive Chicago, Illinois 60653 Dear Editor, This letter is to inform you that THETA ZETA Chapter of ALPHA PHI ALPHA FRATERNITY celebrated its first anniversary this month. As the jewel Brothers had done before us, we founded the first black fraternity at Dartmouth College. We haven't as of yet obtained a house but we are working on it! ! ! In that short period of time, we have become one of the most respected organizations on campus. We are in the process of trying to keep black folks here together and to have them keep in mind that we have to struggle for other brothers and sisters who are not as fortunate as we are. We have eigtheen brothers on campus now with seventeen 'Alpha Angels.' We print a monthly newsletter for the brothers to keep them abreast of Alpha happenings. In the very near future we hope to do volunteer work for the community and also tutorial work for ABC students in the neighboring high school. It is our sincere hope that you could print our little story in the next issue of the SPHINX. We would greatly appreciate it.

ALPHA XI LAMBDA HAS GALA FOUNDERS DAY Toledo Alpha's observed founders day with timely, heart felt speeches by honored Alphas of the medical profession. The keynote address was given by Brother Morris M. Hatchett of Epsilon Lambda Chapter of St. Louis, Missouri. The high light of his speech was the impact of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity in America through the years. Local Alphas of the medical profession honored were: The Sphinx I May-June 1974

Dr. Roland Gandy, President of the Toledo Medical Association. Dr. Franklyn Duffy Dr. Samuel Strong Dr. Breaux Martin Dr. Fred Guy Dr. Joseph Gray and Dr. Woodruff C. Adams A luscious dinner topped off the affair held in the Student Union at the University of Toledo.

ALPHA THETA LAMBDA CHAPTER NEWS Atlantic City, N. J. Brother Frank Doggett Chapter President MD. Brother Augustus C. Harmon, former president of Alpha Theta Lambda, has been elected to the city council of Pleasantville, New Jersey. Recently Brother Harmon was elected president of the city council. He is the second black in the state of New Jersey to serve in that capacity. Brother Harmon administers the powerful police committee as well as building and properties committee. These committees have a current budget of over two million dollars. Brother Harmon is employed in the Egg Harbor, New Jersey School District where he serves as Director of Special Education for the Oakcrest and Absegami Senior High Schools. His staff is composed of ten special education teachers who are experimenting with new innovative concepts in learning. Brother Harmon was initiated into Alpha-land at St. Paul College, of Lawrenceville, Virginia in 1955. Brother Harmon is married to the former Bernita Vaughn of Philadelphia, Pa. and they have three children, Augustus C. II 3Vi, Cassandra Dee 2lA, and Douglas Demetrius 3 months. Other chapter news includes a report of an honoring banquet for Brother Austin J. Martin by The Atlantic County Church School and BTU Congress. Brother Martin was Past District Superintendent of the Atlantic County Church School. A native of Raleigh, North Carolina, he grew up in Atlantic City and Pleasantville attending the public schools and becoming an outstanding member of both communities. A graduate of Lincoln University of Oxford, Pa., he taught for several years before becoming Assistant Principal of Atlantic City High School. Alpha Theta Lambda has 22 active brothers and recently gained a new member, brother Thomas Pendleton, a Methodist minister of Camden, N. J. Submitted by Brother O. C. Edwards, Editor 17

BETA PHI LAMBDA... City by the Sea Savannah, Georgia Brothers of Beta Phi Lambda

The Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc., Beta Phi Lambda, Savannah, Georgia has installed its officers for the 1974 year. Alpha Phi Alpha is nationally noted for its community service in terms of its impact on education, social service and housing. According to President Wade M. Simmons, "It is the firm intention of this chapter of Alpha Phi Alpha to bring about a substantial change in Savannah's major problem areas."

Richard Handy

Joseph Greene

Walter Simmons




• 1 . iM John Clemmons

Percy Mack

Wade Simmons

Richard Freer


Harold 18



Frank Ellis

Freddie West

Richard Shin Holster


Amos Johnson



Brother H. E. Formey

Brother Edw. Stephens The Sphinx I May-June 1974




Judge Donald L. Hobson, left, with Brother and Mrs. Clifford Kelley.

Under the leadership of our able President, Brother Dr. Jesse F. Goodwin, 1973 was a great year for Gamma Lambda. Among the outstanding highlights during 1973 was the initiation of two new men into Alphaland, Brothers Richard H. Adams, Jr. and George McFall, Jr. These two brothers are very active in the chapter and a great deal of credit for their tutelage is due to the pledge committee headed by Brother Porter "Buster" Dillard, Dean of Pledges. Other members serving on that committee were Brothers Alfred J. Brown, Volna Clermont, Douglas Bethune, Joe Prather, Oscar Session, James Nelms, and William H. Taylor. Our second annual "Fun Night" under the leadership of Brother James Cox was very successful. Almost every active brother was involved in the night of games of chance. In spite of a crippling snow blizzard, our Founder's Day Banquet was well attended. Brother Walter Washington, our scheduled speaker and general President of Alpha Phi Alpha, was unable to make the banquet because of unprecedented bad weather. Brother Cornelius Henderson, our surviving founder, honored us with his presence and made his usual soul-searching remarks. Brother Laurence Young, retiring general secretary, was also in attendance and pinchhitted for Brother Washington. In April Following the NAACP FreeThe Sphinx I May-June 1974

dom Fund Dinner, our house committee fully in establishing and enforcing house headed by Brother William Brewer, host- policy and use. The special events and forum comed an "after glow" at the Alpha House. The NAACP Freedom Fund Dinner has mittee chaired by Brother James Cox traditionally heavliy involved Alpha men. has added a new dimension to the culTen Alpha men served on the 1973 Free- tural life of Alpha. This committee has dom Fund Executive Committee and sev- succeeded in bringing brothers with specenteen Alpha brothers9 served on the ial expertise or information in a format general committee off the dinner. This to inform our membershp on the pro's year's co-chairmen for the. 1974 Freedom and con's of some very important issues. Fund Dinner are Brothers Lawrence Aiding Brother Cox in this effort were Washington, Ford Motor Company; and Brothers William H. Perm, Sr., and Judge Willis Ward, Probate Court, Francis Kornegay. Wayne County. The awards and recognition committee Brother Bob Hawkins and his golf headed by Brother David Whitfield is committee hosted a golf-family outing making an effort to honor the various July of 1973, a "far out" family golf professions within the fraternity. To date, outing! Brothers Kenneth Vernon, Nor- the committee has honored educators and man Morris, Nathaniel Holloway and brothers in medicine and dentistry. The Eldon Martin worked hard on the com- committee is developing plans to documittee to make this event another pace- ment the achievement of Gamma Lambda men in anticipation of the chapter setter for Gamma Lambda. "A day at the races" aranged by Bro- award for the 1974 convention. Other ther Leven Weiss and engineered by members of this committee are Brothers Brother James Cox turned out to be a Phil C. Robinson, Ivan Cotman and very delightful and enjoyable event for Clifford Kelley. those brothers who survived the lure The inform and condolences commitof the $6.00 window. This event was tee headed by Brother Oscar Session held in May at the Detroit Race Course. keeps the chapter informed about broOn the state level in 1973, Brother thers who are sick or convalescing and Robert Chillison was retained in his those who have been inducted into Omerole as Regional Director for the state ga Chapter. Members serving on this of Michigan at the Midwest Regional committee were Brothers George West, Convention of Alpha Phi Alpha held in Charles Shields, Cornelius Henderson, {Toledo. Also, on the national level, John Hurse and Father Richard T. S. Brother Leven Weiss was elected for Brown. another term as General Treasurer of The entertainment committee is headAlpha Phi Alpha at the 67th Annivered by Brother Spencer Carpenter. The sary Convention held in New Orleans. major event of this committee was our Gamma Lambda was well represented at annual Christmas dinner-dance which both conventions. was held on December 28, 1973. The Our various committees played a very committee came through with flying vital and essential role in Program De- colors. Judging from comments of most brothers and guests I have been in convelopment: The house committee headed by Bro- tact with, the Christmas formal dinnerther Wilbur Brewer and members â&#x20AC;&#x201D; dance will go down as one of the greatBrothers Gus Ogletree, H. Franklin est dances hosted by Gamma Lambda. Brown, Theodore Woodson and Joe Brother Carpenter was commended for Prather â&#x20AC;&#x201D; instituted major changes in the excellent work in making our Christthe heating plant of the house and con- mas party the talk of the holiday season. tinued the effort towards complete re- Other members are Brothers Charles furbishment by pushing successfully for wells, W. Johnson Smith, Timothy Johnreupholstering the furniture and carpet- son, Richard B. Brown, Nathaniel Holloing on the first floor of the Fraternity way and Robert Hawkins. House. This committee has cooperated

(Continued on page 20) 19

XI CHAPTER... Wilberforce University The Brothers of Xi Chapter made history on W.U. campus for the first time in the school history has students from Greek organization were elected in the high office of the Student Government. Brother Frank Gillisipe, Odell Love, and Noah Merril were elected in the respective offices, president, treasurer. and vice president. These brothers deserve to be honored for accomplishing such an important fete. With the dedication of campaign manager Bro. N. Sanders president of Xi Chapter, these brothers were able to capture threefourths of the student votes.

Unveiling Bust of Dr. Milton S. J. Wright, past director of Education

Unity Among Brothers The Brothers of Xi Bro. Nehimiah Sanders President


Brother and Mrs. thaniel Holloway.

ace Rodgers (left)

with Dr. and Mrs. Na-

(Continued from page 19) The life membership committee chaired by Brother Lee B. James has increased its membership at least fifty (50) percent during the past year. Its ambition is to make every Gamma 20

Brother and Mrs. Spen man, left with Brother ma Lambda chapter.

Lambda member a life member of Alpha Phi Alpha. The community liaison committee headed by Brother Edgar Davis has made a detailed investigation of the community in which our house is located. Members of this committee are Brothers

Clifford Kelley and Ivan Cotman. They have made their initial presentation to the body and we are expecting great things from them with the help of the body. Fraternally submitted, Clifford W. Kelley The Sphinx I May-Juno 1974

Johnson Publishing Co. Names Youngest Vice Prexy

Brother J. E. Lance Clarke

Brother Joseph E. Lance Clarke, a 32year-old New Yorker who interrupted Ivs studies toward a master's degree in business administration seven years ago to become a merchandising representative in Chicago for Johnson Publishing Co., was named vice president in charge cf sales for Fashion Fair Cosmetics, a new division of JPC. Brother Clarke was promoted to the new post by Brother John H. Johnson, president of Johnson Publishing Co., and becomes the youngest vice president in the history of the company, which publishes magazines, books, and owns Supreme Beauty Products Co.

In assuming the new position, Brother Clarke retains his present position as director of sales for Supreme Beauty Products Co., whose cosmetic line includes Duke and Faveen beauty products for men, women and children. Brother Clarke gained additional administrative experience during an Army tour of duty in Germany and is presently a reserve first lieutenant. He was assigned to the Fashion Fair Cosmetics division of JPC last October and directed sales of the products which won popularity and gained recognition in such notable New York department stores as Bloomindale's, Bamberger and Abraham & Straus.

HEW MINORITY PLAN HEW announced today it has awarded a $118,000 contract to the National Medical Association Foundation of Washington, D. C , to develop a comprehensive minority health manpower plan. Announcement of the one-year contract, effective January 24, 1974, was made by Dr. John C. Greene, Director of the Bureau of Health Resources Development, Healih Resources Administration. The Administrat'on is one of the six agencies of the Public Health Service.

Charleston, S.C. â&#x20AC;&#x201D; In keeping withh >the aims of Alpha Phi Alpha the Bro:r thers of Beta Kappa Lambda Chapter gave a Christmas Party for the childrenn iof Jenk'ns Orphanage. Jenkins Orphani. age is located in Charleston Heights. S. C. and has a long hstory of helpingg Black children. Although Black childrenn are now being accepted at other instituitions, the majority of Black orphans is in the Charleston area are housed at it Jenkins Orphanage. The party was held on December 17,r, 1972 at the orphanage. The speaker for ir the program portion was Bro. A. J. Cle:ment, Jr., Director of Career Counselingg and Placement, Voorhees College, Denimark, S.C. Bro. Clement was introducedd by Bro. Daniel Martin, Chapter Presii-

dent. Brother Clement eloquently read "Twas the Night Before Christmas" and "Yes Virginia There Is A Santa Claus," which the children enjoyed very much. Each child was given an individually wrapped gift. After Ihe gifts were passed out, the children, the orphanage staff, Brothers and their families enjoyed fruits, candies and other goodies. Bro. T. L. Collier was program chairman. The Jenkins Orphanage party is an annual project for the chapter and has been given for the past 15 years. The chapter's plans are to continue to entertain the children and offer as much variety as possible. After the orphanage party, Brothers and their wives were entertained by Bro. and Mrs. T. L. Collier in their home.

EDITOR NOTE: This article and photo reached our desk mailed it in Jan. 1973. The Sphinx I May-June 1974


The chapter

Under the contract the Foundation will set up a nationwide clearinghouse to make available to minority persons information on health manpower training, job opportunities and sources of financial aid. The clearinghouse will be based on the Foundation's national pilot health careers program aimed at interesting minority persons in health careers. The Foundation also will establish a nationwide counseling service directed at recruiting minority persons into health training and upgrading minority health workers. This service will be based on Project 75, conducted by the National Medical Association, the Foundation's parent organization. Project 75 is an effort to discover, develop and sustain interest in medicine among Black, Chicano, Indian and Puerto Rican students. The contract also is intended to stimulate studies of dropout rates among minority health students and the development of alternate model solutions to the problem. 21


Cornell, The Birthplace of

South Carolina State College

Its First Black Coach

Alpha Phi Alpha Names BEN BLUITT - A Kappa

Brothers of Beta Delta Chapter

The brothers of Beta Delta Chapter located at South Carolina State College, Orangeburg, South Carolina have indeed had an outstanding year. The current officers are: President Brother Joe Singleton Secretary and Editor to The Sphinx Brother Alfonsa Ragin Treasurer . . . Brother Dumont Pleasant Dean of Pledgees . . Brother Randy Heyward Brother Joe Singleton is the assistant State Director for A Phi A in South Carolina. He and Brother Herbert McKinney were both awarded scholarships of $1,000 each by the Alpha Phi Alpha Education Foundation, Inc. Last semester the "Black and Gold Triumphant" crossed the burning sands. They are Brothers William Dean, Nolen Bivens, and Freddie Williams. Crossing the burning sands this semester was the Royal Flush which consisted of Brothers Leroy Sims, Gregory McMoore, Ervin Pearson, Curtis Truesdale and Victor Walker. Brothers Alfonsa Ragin and Thomas Leach have been selected to Who's Who Among Students in American Universities and Colleges. Brother Herbert McKinney has been elected to membership in Alpha Kappa Mu Honor Society. Brothers Thomas Keller, James Graham, Randy Heyward, and Thomas Leach have been selected as Distinguished Military Students. The brothers have been active in numerous college and community organi22

ations and activities and some of them hold leading positions including Brother Randy Heyward as ROTC Brigade Commander, Brother James Graham as vice president of the Student Government Association and Brother Alfonsa Ragin as president of Mays Hall # 2 Club. On January 19, 1974, the annual Miss Alflamingo beauty pageant and Club Alflamingo were held. Competing in the pageant were four lovely young ladies who were judged on the basis of beautv, poise and talent. Miss Deborah Lee was crowned as the 1974 Miss Alflamingo by the 1973 Miss Alflamingo, Miss Sandra L. Corley. The reigning Miss Alpha Phi Alpha is Miss Gloria Shepard who is a sophomore and a member of Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Inc. Brothers Thurgood White, Alfonsa Ragin, Freddie Williams, Dumont Pleasant, Thomas Keller, and Joe Singleton attended the state A Phi A convention in Charleston, South Carolina. Brothers Nolen Bivens and Thurgood White represented the chapter at the Regional Convention in Greensboro, North Carolina. Brothers Leroy Sims, Curtis Truesdale, and Alfonsa Ragin have been awarded certificates by the Department of Business Administration for having an average of 3.00 or better on a 4.00 scale. Brother Leroy Sims also received the Highest Ranking Sophomore in the Department of Business Administration Award.

Ben Bluitt, 49, a member of Kappa Alpha Psi Fraternity will become Cornell University's first Black coach when he takes over as its head basketball coach for the 1974-75 season. "We had an excellent group of candidates for this job and we are indeed pleased that a man of Ben Blutt's caliber, experience and demonstrated ability is joining our staff," beamed Cornell athletic director Jon Anderson Bluitt, a former star player at Loyola University and a high school coach at Farragut in Chicago, heads for Cornell after returning to high school coaching at St Mary's in Michigan. He and former Boston Celtics standout Tom (Satch) Sanders, now a Harvard, are the only two Black head coaches in the Ivy League. We are proud of Bluitt. Bluitt was a member of the "Kappas" who played in the Chicago Pan Hellenic Conference, while a student at Loyola University.

Beta Delta Chapter supported Orangeburg Partners Program, a program to work with juveniles and help keep them off the streets and out of trouble. The chapter also participated in SPEC, Student Parent Enrichment Center, a tutorial program which provides assistance to elementary students who are underachieves in reading and mathematics. The chapter sent congratulatory letters to all freshmen males who attained the Honor Roll or Dean's List at South Carolina State College during the first semester. Next academic year, the chapter will be under the leadership of: President Brother Joe Singleton Vice President . . Brother Nolen Bivens Secretary Brother Leroy Sims Treasurer . . . Brother Dumont Pleasant Dean of Pledgees . . Brother Thurgood White Editor of The Sphinx . . Brother Herbert McKinney The Sphinx I May-June 1974

Brother Louis DeSilva Elected Assistant Vice-President Midwestern Region At Columbus Convention

Parks as Pledgemasters. Brother Daniel Burrell is the chapter's faculty advisor. Zeta Iota (UW-Whitewater) held its Annual Sweetheart Ball last November. Miss Helen Taylor of Milwaukee was crowned "Sweetheart" in an impressive ceremony. Brother Lenoah Royal is president of the chapter. The chapter has no active pledges at this time. Brother John White is the chapter's alumni advisor. Eta Beta (UW-Platteville) has had a successful school year under the presidency of Brother Vernal Taylor. Chapter neophyte brothers are: Al Dantzler, Dennis McNeil, Everette Toney, Alfred Burns, Archie Williams, Gregory Clarke. Carl Polk, and Michael Perteete. Brother Robert Brooks is the chapter's alumni advisor. The Sweetheart Ball was held in March. Miss Priscilla Lawhorn of Milwaukee is the chapter sweetheart.

Awardees at Epsilon Tau — Milwaukee, Wis.

Brother Louis De Silva (ET) was elected Assistant Vice-President Midwestern Region at the 1974 Midwestern Regional Convention in Columbus, Ohio last week. Brother De Silva is a charter member of Eta Pi Chapter (UW-O). He transferred to UW-M this school term. He will take office at the San Francisco Convention in August and serve for one year. Brother DeSilva is the first brother from Wisconsin to be elected to a General Office, according to available records.

How to Conduct Chapter Meetings including Parliamentary Procedures, Duties of Officers, etc. — Moderator — Brother Sidney A. Jones, III, President, Xi Chapter, Chicago; and Chapter Programming, Including Community Projects and Involvement — Moderator — Brother Carl Smith, Regional Director, Central Missouri, Jefferson City. In addition to Brothers De Silva and Harper, Brothers Jerrel Malone (Eta Pi), and Coleman O. Wells (and Mrs. Wells), President, Delta Chi Lambda, represented the State at the convention.

OTHER CONVENTION HIGHLIGHTS ** The Regional Convention was well attended. The keynote address was given by Brother Mai Goode of the National Black Network. General President Walter Washington was the Founders' Breakfast speaker. Brother Jerry Young, Past President Kappa Chapter (Host) was the Luncheon Speaker, and Past General President Lionel Newsome. President, Central State University, gave the Banquet Address. Other features of the Convention included four workshops: Communication, Reclamation and Chapter Service, Moderator — Brother William Walker, Executive Secretary; Ritual and Rushing — How It Should Be Done-Affiliated Groups — Moderator — Brother Hoyt H. Harper, Wisconsin State Director;

WISCONSIN STATE CHAPTERS' NEWS** Gamma Epsilon (UW-Madison) held its Annual Sweetheart Ball, March 30, 1974. It was well attended by brothers from other state chapters. Miss Denise Bonds, Milwaukee, was crowned Chapter Sweetheart. The chapter currently has eleven pledges. Brother Neovia Greyer is the Dean of Pledges. Brother George Walker, formerly of Epsilon Tau and a medical student, is serving the chapter as alumni advisor. Epsilon Tau (UW-Milwaukee) is planning a Black Greek Week-end, April 11-13. Part of the weekend activities are being co-sponsored with Delta Kappa Chapter of Kappa Alpha Psi. Brother Darryl Mottley is chairman of the affair. The chapter has eight pledges with Brothers Alvin Fambers and Stephen

The Sphinx I May-Juno 1974

Eta Pi (UW-Oshkcsh) has "rebuilt" after a slow start this year. New brothers are: Billy Irvine, Dorian Bayland, and David Redmond. The chapter has applied to be host to the next State Conference. Brother Andrew Hopgood is the chapter's faculty advisor. Chapter Pending — Several men at Carthage College, Kenosha, have aplied for the establishment of a chapter at Carthage. Brother Dennis Bedford will serve as pledgemaster. It is hoped that the chapter can be set-up before the end of this semester. Delta Chi Lambda (Milwaukee) is celebrating its Silver Anniversary. The Annual Scholarship Benefit Dinner is scheduled for May 26. Brother Thomas Shropshire, Vice-President, Miller Brewing Company will give the main address. Awards will be made to graduating high school seniors, UWM and Marquette tor their special programs for minorities, and five teachers for their efforts in counseling and otherwise assisting black students to go to college. Brother Emmit Hearon is chairman of this event. THIS 'N THAT** Several brothers in the state are currently in professional schools in the state. In Law School in Madison are: Brothers Charles L. Robinson, Arthur Thomas, and James McNeely. Brothers George Walker and Allan Kemp are in Medical School in Madison. Brother Ronald Davis graduated from Law School in December and is practicing law in Milwaukee. Brother Tyrone Carter was conferred the Doctor of Philosophy Degree by Marquette University last May. 23

Hands Across Degrees — OR — H e Ain't Heavy


Brother Joseph Webb

North Texas State University

OMICRON LAMBDA ALPHA "The road is long, with many a winding turn that leads to nowhere." Brother Donny Hathaway's voice rang out clearly and softly, capturing minds and souls in its grasp. "But I'm strong enough to carry him. He ain't heavy. He's my brother." Even though these words should be meaningful to the members of all fraternities, they hold a special significance for the men of Omicron Lambda Alpha chapter of Alpha Phi Alpha. During the past four years, the men of OLA have, on numerous occasions, rendered assistance to their brothers in Beta Chapter. Omicron Lambda Alpha has the distinction of being APA's first professional chapter. As does Beta chapter, OLA, at one time, had its seat at Howard University. Many of OLA's members are in graduate and professional schools, while many others are gainfully employed. To a great extent, the members of OLA are unique in another way. They have completed undergraduate school, and have, thus, acquired the maturity that usually goes along with such a task; yet, they are still young enough to remember their college days, and to relate to the problems their brothers face in their college chapters. For this reason, then men of Omicron Lambda Alpha have "extended their hands across degrees," and helped to uplift their brothers in Beta chapter. Ideally, this is as it should be throughout the vast realm of Alpha Phi Alpha. However, all too often, when brothers band together in a chapter, their regard and concern for brothers and chapters outside of their own seem to fade into oblivion. More than likely, this ostracism is not intentional. It probably comes about because it is so easy to become immersed with one's own chapter's projects and problems, one may simply, become weakened to the point that he, inadvertently, overlooks the brothers outside of his chapter. The brothers of OLA have not fallen 24

victims to such weakness. Their actions sing in harmony with brother Donny Hathaway: "But I'm strong enough to carry him." Love gives one the strength to carry his fallen brother, and the strength to lend a strong shoulder to the crippled brother who can only limp down the winding road. One of the most beautiful and memorable exemplifications of brotherly love occurred during Omicron Lambda Alpha's annual cabaret. A large number of Beta chapter brothers and their dates appeared at the door. The Beta brothers did not have tickets; neither did they have the full price of admission. Seeing their brothers' predicament, the members of OLA accepted the money that the Beta brothers had, and, then, to keep the chapter's treasury from absorbing the loss, individuals went into their own pockets and made up the deficit. What greater display of love could be shown. The long and winding road of pledging has, also, brought OLA to Beta's aid. In addition to taking an active part in the sessions and the final initiation ceremony, several OLA brothers allowed sessions to be held in their homes. The pledgees, witnessing the closeness of the two chapters, could feel the true spirit of Alpha Phi Alpha.

Eta Epsilon Chapter of ALPHA PHI ALPHA Fraternity, Inc.—North Texas State University—have strived continually to become the most impressive and outstanding fraternity on campus. The men of ALPHA have maintained a high scholastic average and an active membership of over forty (40) brothers. The activities of ALPHA PHI ALPHA were directed toward their goals—scholarship, leadership, and service to the community. They hosted an all-campus Homecoming Dance at the Civic Center, weekly dances at the Women's Gym, and an Alumni Breakfast at Homecoming. The men of ALPHA also did volunteer work at Denton State School, and held their annual Martin Luther King Day services. Other activities include ALPHA PHI ALPHA—ALPHA KAPPA APHA Emphasis W e e k , Fall Formal Ball, Valentine's Day party, and the Annual Black and Gold Ball in April. ALPHA PHI ALPHA—Notorious Eta Epsilon—is also the leading figure in Intramural football, basketball, baseball, and track. The Spring officers were: Vinson Brewster President Eric Martin-—Vice-President Paul Walker—Recording Secretary Robert Randle—Corresponding Secretary

Of course, the relationship between these two chapters is not solely one of helping. The college brothers and the alumni brothers, also, derive great pleasure from socializing together. Even though the chapters have a mutual unspoken standing invitation to each other's social events, each chapter makes it a point to extend a special invitation to all major functions. Socializing is a definite asset to the making of common brotherhood.

brother may appear to be a burdensome weight, but love such as the love that OLA has shown for Beta gives an abundance of strength. He ain't so heavy after all. Is he?

Perhaps it would be helpful if all members of Alpha Phi Alpha were to look at the relationship between Omicron Lambda Alpha chapter and Beta chapter, listen to brother Donny Hathaway sing "He Ain't Heavy, He's My Brother." and, then, look at a brother or a chapter that needs assistance. That

"Hands Across Degrees - Or - He Ain't Heavy" was contrived, developed, written, and submitted by Joseph Webb, Associate Editor to the Sphinx from OLA chapter. It is the hope of the brothers of OLA that this article will appear in the next issue of the Sphinx.


Batts and Bryant Royal — Treasurers

Greg Moore—Historian Bruce Haliburton—Dean-of-Pledgees

The Sphinx I May-June 1974

A N ALPHA . . . Renowned Black Novelist Gives Collection to College

Brother Frank G. Yerby, hailed by many as the most prolific writer ever, has donated a rare depository of his literary works to Paine College in Augusta, Ga., his alma mater. Sent by the noted Black author from Spain, the Yerby collection includes unpublished materials, several annotated sets of pre-printed copies of novels, and a copy of the Trojan Woman, a version of moderns based upon the tragedy of Euripides. Upon receiving the valuable collection, which includes several of Yerby's original manuscripts, Dr. J. Tolbertte Lacy, the college's dean of students, said, "The students will take pride in the fact that one of Paine College's sons has become so renowned and still maintains contact with his alma mater." Dr. Lacy, who was Yerby's classmate in college, said this is a long-hoped-for breakthrough. "I have long hoped that the students here would come in contact with Frank's works." Brother Yerby, 57, an Augusta native, graduated third in his college class in 1937, and penned the words to the oftensung and cherished Paine Hymn, while a student. When asked to assess the priceless works now on display in the college library, Dr. Lucius H. Pitts, the college president, said he considers the Yerby collection to be "the most valuable set of documents the college could ever receive from one of its alumni. The Sphinx I May-June 1974

Educational Gap

University of Massachusetts

Blacks, Whites Narrows

Purchases DuBois' Papers

WASHINGTON — The educational gap between black and white workers decreased from 1.8 to 1.2 years over the past nine years. Between March 1964 and March 1973, the mean education of black workers 18 years old and over advanced from 9.4 to 10.8 years, while that of whites went from 11.2 to 12.0, according to a recent issue of Monthly Labor Review, a publication of the U.S. Department of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics. The article, "Educational Attainment of Workers, March 1973," states that the converging trends observed in the average educational attainment of whites and blacks should continue in the foreseeable future. The article also points out that: — young blacks are staying in school longer than did their predecessors; — in March 1973, black workers, 18 to 24 years, had a mean of 11.9 years of education, compared to 12.4 for whites; — black workers, 25 years and older, had a mean of 10.5 years, compared with 11.9 for whites. — greater proportions of blacks are completing high school than in former years. In March 1973, 60.8 percent of black workers 18 to 24 years of age had four years or more of high school, compared with 81.5 for whites. In the 25 and older age group, 50.6 percent of black workers had four years or more of high school, compared with 70.0 for whites. The Monthly Labor Review is for sale by regional offices of the Labor Department's Bureau of Labor Statistics and by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402. Subscription price is $16.25 per year, single copy, $1.40. "I think his contribution to literature moves him beyond the realm of simply being a Black novelist. He's just not a great Black novelist, but a great novelist, period," Pitts said. The internationally-renowned novelist wrote a novel each year for 15 consecutive years, having amassed 21 million sales for his 21 best sellers. Three of these

for $150,000 A collection of at least 100,000 items of papers, correspondence and manuscripts of Brother William E. B. DuBois was sold by his wife to the University of Massachusetts in Amherst for a sum of $150,000. Explaining why she sold the muchsought-afier papers to a white institution, Mrs. Shirley Graham DuBois, 68, who is a composer, playwright and author in her own right, said: "Had the papers been in a college in the Deep South, they would not have been as easily available and as well guaranteed their safty, as they would be guaranteed by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts." Mrs. DuBois also said that, because her husband was born in Great Barrington, Mass., Feb. 23, 1868, it seemed fitting that his works should return to his home state. Brother DuBois studied at Fisk, Harvard and Berlin universities, and was the first Black to receive a doctoral degree from Harvard in 1895. He wrote 19 books, hundreds of articles and scholarly papers, and was a founding member of the NAACP and the Pan African Congress. In 1960, he moved to Ghana, where he died on August 27, 1963. The DuBois papers include eight four-drawer filing cabinets of correspondence, and about 75,000 letters that treat every significant political and ideological question of the years from 1890 to 1960. Randolph W. Bromery, chancellor of the University of Massachusetts, said two-thirds of the collection had been appraised at $250,000, and since the university had received the entire collection for less, Mrs. DuBois' sale was "exceedingly generous." novels were made into profitable movies, including The Golden Hawk, The Saracen Blade and The Foxes Of Harrow. The novelist's Pride Castle was a major television production, and yet another novel, The Trojan Woman is about to become an off-Broadway play starring Diahann Carroll as Helen of Troy and featuring an all-Black cast. 25

NU LAMBDA ... Fresno, California PROUD OF THEIR PRESIDENT Brother Charles Francis ...

This is What ALPHA is About

Recently elected as president of Iota Nu Lambda Chapter, Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc. in Fresno, California fe> Brother Charles Francis, Administrative Analyst of Community Development Department in the City of Fresno. Others elected were Brothers Henry Jules, Vice President; William Day, Treasurer; and Paul Fuller, Secretary. Brother Francis, a native of Springfield, Massachusetts, has been living in Fresno, California for the last nine years. He received a B. S. Degree in Industrial Engineering in 1970 and received a Masters in City and Regional Planning (MCRP) in 1973, both from California State University, Fresno. He is the recipient of the Associate Students Service and Leadership ward at CSUF and is listed in Who's Who in America Colleges and Universities, 1969-70. Brother Francis is the Region 9 Chairman of the National Association of Planners, Associate Member of American Institute of Planners, Vice Chairman ot Lincoln Elementary School Parents Advisory Committee and is active and holds membership and affiliations with numerous other social, religious, and fraternal organizations in the Central California area. Having served as previous Social Chairman for two years, Francis certainly brings much devotion and dedication to the Chapter. He is married to the former Wilma Smith and they have two boys Chuckie and Michael. Being the president of Eta Xi Lambda Chapter for five years, there are other

organizations and agencies to which Bro. Wright has contributed his time and efforts, to include: Goodwill Industries, Lawton Chamber of Commerce, Member NAACP, American Dental Association, National Dental Association, Oklahoma State Dental Society, Comanche Couniy Dental Society, Family Health Services and Oklahoma Regional Medical Advisory Group. Dr. Wright is married to the former Miss Eva Barnett of Brazil, Indiana, who is also a graduate of Indiana State University, with a Bachelors Degree and Master Degree in Education. They are the parents of three children, Jesse Glenn, Donna Marie, and Ralph Anthony. Respectfully Submitted by Douglas D. Willie Editor to the Sphinx Eta Xi ambda Chapter Lawton, Oklahoma

Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc. J. Herbert King, Editor 4728 Drexel Boulevard Chicago, Illinois 6065 Dear Brother King, The Iota Nu Lambda Alumni Chapter of Alpha Phi Alpha in Fresno, California held its Seventeenth Annual Black and Gold Ball on Saturday, March 16, 1974, at the Fresno Hilton Hotel. The Ball was a grand success. The theme of the Ball, "Togetherness, the Strength of Community Life," was fully realized. Alpha brothers from Northern and

Southern California came to Fresno, the heart of the San Joaquin Valley, to live the spirit of Alpha. The message delivered by our honorable, intelligent and energetic president, Brother Charles Francis was a major highlight of the night. We request that you print the full message which is on the first page of the enclosed brochure of the Ball. We also grant permission to the editors of the Sphinx to reproduce for publication any other material in the brochure which may provide inspiration to other Alpha chapters throughout the world.



Brother Charles Francis

Dear Editor: Zeta Beta Lambda Chapter, Sacramento, Calif, was pleased to be presented in the Feb. 1974 Sphinx. Since then we presented the most successful Far Western Regional Convention with 28 college brothers and 65 graduate brothers as registered delegates. We covered some ground starting with golf and concluding with the Alpha Hymn, that was sung in such a manner that it brought tears to the eyes of everyone, especially the old guard, like yours truly. Friendships were renewed, faith was rekindled and the fraternal spirit turned and flamed over all. Publically, we'd like to thank the Deltas and Alpha sisters for their participation in a successful convention. At the same time we wish to chide our local brothers who didn't sign up and participate. They know who they are. Fraternally yours. Bro. Carl E. Drake, M.D. Historian

We are particular desirous that our president, who has worked so diligently for progress and growth of Iota Nu Lambda Alumni Chapter this year we featured in the Sphinx Magazine. Enclosed you will find a 4V2 x 6Vz black and white photo of Bro. President Charles Francis and a resume of his achievements. Thank you for your consideration. Sincererly, Henry E. Jules, Jr. Vice President Alpha Phi Alpha Iota Nu Lambda The Sphinx I May-June 1974

Past General President Frank L Stanley Honorary Doctor of Laws Degree

Past General President Stanley receives congratulations three Alpha Sons, and family.

Brother Frank L. Stanley, Past General President received an honorary Doctor of Laws Degree from the University of Kentucky in Lexington, Saturday. May 11. The editor and publisher of the Louisville Defender newspaper was honored for his contributions to journalism and the struggle for human rights. Stanley was one of five recipients of honorary degrees at the 107th commencement and the only black person so honored. In conferring the degree, Holman Hamilton, University Orator, noted Stanley's achievements in journalism including his work as co-founder and past president of the National Newspaper Publishers Association, writer of the awardwinning column "People, Places and Problems," and editor of the Defender which has won 88 state and national awards. The orator also acknowledged Stanley's appointment twice as a juror for the coveted Pulitzer Prizes. Senate Bill No. 53 was authored in 1950 by Brother Stanley. Holman noted that the bill "successfully paved the way for integration of higher education in Kentucky." Brother Stanley was further credited with writing the first three civil rights bills enacted in Kentucky which established the Kentucky Human Rights Commission, F.E.P.C, in state government The Sphinx I May-Juno 1974

from his Dr. Singletary, confers the doctorate

jobs and home-rule in civil rights. The university also commended Brother Stanley as the first black to head a U.S. Government Commission to inspect the conditions of American Troops in Occupied Europe in 1946 and 1948. His subsequent reports to the Gillem Board and President Truman led to desegregation of the United States Army. Receipt of the honorary degree was a surprise to the newspaper publisher. "I consider it a great honor," responded Stanley, "and I am indeed grateful to the board of trustees and the university for including me among the five recipients." It is noteworthy that Brother Stanley was honored for his work in integregation of higher education by an institution that was reluctant to open its doors to black students. The Stanley family was in Lexington to see the head of their household accept the honorary Doctor of Laws Degree from Dr. Otis Singletary, University of Kentucky president. Mrs. Vivian Stanley, his wife, and sons, Brother Kenneth T., and Brother and Mrs. Frank L. Stanley, Jr., beamed proudly as he stood center stage listening to Professor Holman Hamilton read the citation. Brother Stanley has been active in human rights in Kentucky for many years. He was commissioned by Gover-


nor Bert T. Combs in 1960 to study the organization of Human Rights Commissions in six states to develop the structure for the Kentucky commission. In 1962, he was appointed consultant by Governor Combs to attract qualified Negroes to state government employment. On June 1, 1962, Stanley was commissioned by the U.S. Department of State as a member of a four-man professional team to conduct Journalism Seminars for African Newspapermen. A former college professor and school administrator, Stanley attended Central High School and matriculated in Atlanta and Cincinnati Universities for undergraduate and graduate work respectively, majoring in English and minoring in journalism. In addition to serving as the head of the English Department at Jackson State College and Central High School, Stanley was a coach of football and basketball. An active member of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc., Brother Stanley was elected general president 1955-57. In 1955, Allen University conferred the Doctor of Humanities Degrees upon him. The other recipients of honorary degrees were Ms. Elizabeth Hardwick, novelist; William Willard, medical educator; Ivan Jett, industrialist; and Ervin J. Nutter. 2

THETA L A M B D A . . . Durham, N. C. Honored


BROTHER HOLLOMAN Heads New York Hospitals

f 'J Brother John L. S. Holloman, Jr.

Brother James Morse Schooler and Family

Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc. Beta Theta Lambda Chapter, Durham, North Carolina honored James Morse Schooler as Alpha Man of the Year at White Rock Baptist Church Sunday, May 5, 1974 at 7:00 p.m. It should be noted that later in the month Brother Schooler was selected as one of the five "Fathers of the Year" for the city of Durham. Brother James Morse Schooler w:is born in Richmond, Kentucky, December 3, 1904. His boyhood years were spent in Lockland and Yellow Springs, Ohio. He graduated from Yellow Springs High School in 1923, Wittenberg College, Springfield, Ohio in 1927 and received the M. A. degree from North Carolina Central University, Durham, North Carolina in 1950. Some of the positions he has held in the field of education are Teacherâ&#x20AC;&#x201D; Science, Hillside High School, 1929-40, Assistant Principal, Hillside High School, 1935-40, Principal, Lyon Park Elementary School, 1940-49, Principal, Whitted Elementary School, 1949-55, Principal, Whitted Junior High School, 1955-64, Principal, Shepard Junior High School, 1964-70 and Director of Public Information, Durham, City School, 1970-71. He organized Whitted and Shepard Junior Schools. 28

Brother Schooler is a member of White Rock Baptist Church, Superintendent of Sunday School from 1950-60, Sunday School Teacher, Member, Trustee Board and Deacon Board, Formerly Church Clerk, Secretary to Trustee Board, Chairman, Facilities Committee for new Million Dollar Chursh and Seecretary, Construction Committee for new Million Dollar Church. He was initiated in Xi Chapter, Wilberforce University, 1927, charter member in formation of Beta Theta Lambda Chapter, selected two times President, Beta Theta Lambda Chapter and served as Secretary, Beta Theta Lambda Chapter. He is presently a member of the Board for North Central Easter Seals Society, Durham County Library and John Avery Boys' Club, Vice President of Durham City and County Retired Club, Organized Durham District Boy Scouts of America; Chairman for 10 years and served as Cub Master of White Rock Pack for 17 years. His past memberships include Durham Child Guidance Clinic, Cancer Society, Board - Red Cross, Board - Mental Health, Citizens United Against Drug Abuse, Durham Business and Professional Chain, and Chairman, Negro Division, Durham Community Chest.

Dr. John L. S. Holloman, Jr., an assistant vice president of the Health Insurance Plan, was named to be the $65,000-a-year president of the city's Health and Hospitals Corporation. The selection of the 54-year-old physician marked the end of a nine-month search during which the credentials of more than 160 candidates were reviewed. It also marked the successful culmination of a major drive by the black community, headed by Borough President Percy E. Sutton of Manhattan, to have a black selected for the city's top hospital position. He is married to Frances William Schooler. They have five children, James M., Jr., Ronald, Sheryl (Deceased), Doris and Kyle. The following officers were elected for the 1974-75 year: Clement, A. J. H., Ill . . President Street, Roy Vice-President G.bson, C. B Secretaiy Williams, G. H. Assistant Secretary EJwards, H. R. Financial Secretary Bum, J. R Treasurer Townes, R. E Chapter Editor Bennett, N. H. Chaplain Brother Roamless C. Hudson, Jr. and his administration was given a "standing vote" of appreciation for tireless efforts directed toward enhancing the image of the chapter for the past two years. Ross E. Townes Editor To The Sphinx The Sphinx I May-June 1974

BROTHER NOLEN M. ELLISON... One of America's Ten Outstanding Young Men Brother Nolen M. Ellison, 32, president of Seattle Central Community College, has been selected as one of America's Ten Outstanding Young Men for 1974 by the United States Jaycees. The prestigious TOYM award is presented annually to ten young men between the ages of 18 and 35 who are noted for "selfless devotion to the betterment of mankind." This year's awards will be presented January 19 at ceremonies in Mobile, Alabama. The ceremony will be televised live locally at 7:30 p.m. on KCTS — Channel 9. Honorees in previous years include such prominent individuals as Richard M. Nixon (1947), Gerald R. Ford, Jr. (1949), Henry A. Kissinger (1958), John D. Rockefeller (1969), John F. Kennedy (1946), Robert F. Kennedy (1954), Edward M. Kennedy (1967), Virgil I. "Gus" Grissom (1969) and Ralph Nader (1966). Brother Ellison came to Seattle a yearand-one-half ago to become president of Seattle Central Community College. With his selection, he became the youngest college president in the state, possibly in the United States, and assumed a mission of providing leadership to the largest community college in the state — seventh largest in the nation. Brother Ellison was selected for the position as SCCC president following a nation-wide search involving 150 applicants. His credentials at that time were already impressive: An Ail-American athlete, a high school teacher and coach, a city planner, a community college trustee, a student of the nation's urban crisis, and assistant to the chief executive officers of two large institutions of higher learning. One year after his arrival in Seattle, Ellison assumed additional duties as chairman of the executive committee that governs the three colleges which comprise Seattle Community College district. Brother Ellison's first major career choice confronted him immediately after graduation from Kansas University in 1963. Ellison had been an all-Big 8 basketball player that year, and he was selected as a third round draft choice of a professional basketball team, the Baltimore (now Capitol) Bullets. He had to decide between a high paying career The Sphinx I May-June 1974

Brother Nolen M. Ellison

in sports and his desire to enter the educational field. "I've always enjoyed sports," Ellison said, "and it was a tough decision. My strongest interest was in education, though. 1 knew I'd eventually go in this direction, and decided that I shoudn't wait to begin working toward my ultimate career goals." Thus Ellison chose the less glamorous role of history and government teacher in Kansas City, Kansas — his hometown. During this period, he coached basketball and baseball at the school and, in 1964, he was selected to tour Asia with a U.S. State Department-sponsored team training Asian squads for the Olympic games. In Kansas City, Ellison became actively involved in the life of the community. He served on the scholarship board of the Martin Luther King Foundation, worked in Neighborhood Action programs and held memberships on the Kansas City Human Relations Commission and the Wyandotte County Council of Government. In April, 1967, Brother Ellison became the first Black ever elected as a trustee for the Kansas City Community College, and it was this experience that attracted him to the field of post-secondary education. "Community colleges in my hometown were similar to those in Seattle," he said. "We had both urban and suburban campuses, and they were meeting

the needs of a wide range of students. There was an excitement there unlike that found in the public schools or fouryear colleges." For the next year and a half, concurrent with his role as a trustee, Ellison served as Chief Planner for Kansas City with primary responsibility for coordinating the city's Model Cities proposals and other federal programs affecting the city's growth. His next step was a position of administrative intern in the School of Education at Michigan State University as he pursued a doctorate and his goal of being a community college administrator. During the 1970-71 school year, he was named Assistant to the Michigan State President. Upon receiving his doctorate in 1971, Ellison left MSU and joined the Metropolitan Junior College District in Kansas City, Missouri, as Assistant to the Chancellor. He served in this position one year before being selected as the President of Seattle Central Community College. "I saw a unique opportunity at Seattle Central," Ellison said. "There was the same excitement on this campus that I'd seen in Kansas City, and there was a chance to work with students, faculty. staff and administration pursuing similar educational goals." After one year, Ellison has begun to chart clear directions for achieving some of his goals for an urban community college. He is well underway to accomplishing one of his primary goals — that of creating a sound institutional response to more effectively serve students' needs. Brother Ellison viewed the 1972-73 year at SCCC as one of transition, and looks forward to the coming year as one of making even greater strides toward more effectively responding to students and the unmet needs of the urban community. He said that, nationally, the decade of the '60's must be viewed as one of quantity as colleges struggled to keep up with ever-increasing enrollments and new facilities. That trend has now changed, he said, and the decade of the '70's promises to be one which will see renewed emphasis on quality. ?6

BROTHER PHILLIPS Elected President Kappa Alpha Lambda

Brother John J. Phillips

Brother John J. Phillips of Salinas, California, was recently elected president of Kappa Alpha Lambda, which serves the Monterey Peninsula. Phillips, a training and safety officer at the huge Shilling Division of McCormack spice company, was discharged from the Army at Fort Ord in the rank of Major in 1970. He still holds a reserve commission. Brother Phillips, a native of Cincinnati, graduated from Central (Ohio) State in 1960 where he was a member of University R. O. T. C. Rifle and Drill Team and president of the Cincinnati Club. He was made an Alpha there in 1957. Other officers of the Central California Coast Chapter include James Joyner, a labor relations officer at Firestone in Salinas, vice-president; Joseph B. McLeod, an industrial arts teacher at Martin Luther King Junior High School, treasurer; Bedford B. Vaughn, a teacher at Seaside High School, secretary; and Father A. Morgan Tabb, pastor of St. Matthis Episcopal Church of Seaside, chaplain; all of Seaside. Phillips made several appointments, including Lieutenant Lee Wallace of Fort Ord, Dean of Pledgees; James L. Mitchell, an elementary school principal who lives in Pebble Beach, Director of Education; Major Bruce Gill, Assistant Deputy Post Commander of the Presidio of Monterey, Historian; and Lieutenant Colonel Harold V. Manson, Deputy Commandant/Admin, Defense Language 30

Brother Randall Receives National Fellowships Fund Grant Brother Rogers E. Randall, Sr., Life Member and an active member of Gamma Rho Lambda Chapter, Gary, Indiana, received a $4,2000 National Fellowships Fund grant as announced by Dr. S. M. Nabrit, Executive Director of the Fund. The grant will be used to complete research for the Ph.D. degree in Science Education at The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio. In addition to the dissertation, Randall will develop a science course for elementary and secondary school teachers. Randall will become an assistant Professor of Chemistry and Chairman to the Chemistry Department at Calumet College, East Chicago, Indiana, September 1974. Dr. Robert E. Varnerin, Manufacturing Chemists Association, Washington, D.C., and Dr. Richard M. Morrow, President, Chemical Industries CouncilMidwest, Chicago, Illinois, announced that Rogers E. Randall, Sr., Chairman of the Science Department, and Chemistry Instructor at Roosevelt High School was selected the regional winner of the Manufacturing Chemists Association teaching award. The entry was judged the best in Region IV, covering Michigan, Indiana, Ohio, and Kentucky.

Brother Rogers E. Randall, Sr.

The award carries with it a $200 cash prize and a medal. Randall will be honored at the Chemical Industries

Council â&#x20AC;&#x201D;â&#x20AC;˘ Midwest Scholarship Luncheon, Monday, April 22, 1974, at the Pick-Congress Hotel, Chicago, Illinois. Brother Randall will be acompanied by his wife, Mildred Randall, teacher at Douglas Elementary School, his daughter, Delia C. Randall, Junior High Student at Bishop Noll Institute, and Mr. Robert Jones, principal of Roosevelt High School.

Institute, West Coast Branch, Editor to the Sphinx. Other members of the Chapter include LTC Alfred P. Glover of Fort Ord; Major Clifford McDuffy also of Fort Ord; Dr. Elisha Brandon, a dentist who resides in Carmel; Dr. Henry T. Hutchins, public school administrator ci Monterey; and Reverend Richard Nance, Jr. of Pacific Grove. Brother Vaughn hosted a workshop on "Opportunities at Traditional Black Colleges" held recently at Seaside High School. Alpha Phi Alpha was represented by Brother Tabb (Lincoln University, PA), Brother Gill (Southern University), Brother Manson

(Lincoln (MO) University), and Vaughn (West VA State). Reclaiming former members, political action in the community and youth education and scholarship were a number of the objectives of Kappa Alpha Lambda. Phillips has instituted a program of job opportunities for brothers and other personnel in need of jobs. At the beginning of each meeting, the brothers bring brochures on job opportunities at their organizations. Fraternally, Brother Harold V. Manson Editor to the Sphinx

The Sphinx I May-June 1974

Black Higher


A TIME OF CHANGE AND CHALLENGE Commencement Address of Senator Edward W. Brooke to the 105th Graduating Class of Virginia Union University, Richmond, Virginia In the words of Langston Hughes "O, let America be America again— The land that never has been yet— And yet must be." It is an honor to speak to you, the 105th graduating class of Virginia Union University. You are a part of one of the proudest and most vital traditions in American education, its black colleges and universities. From the beginning, the black colleges and universities were forced to function outside the mainstream of American education and life. Though little noticed and poorly nurtured, they survived. And their roster of graduates shows that they survived with distinction in the midst of imposed adversity. Only now are white Americans beginning to realize the great role which black institutions of higher education have fulfilled. Black Americans have no need to be reminded. Today, Blacks and their colleges and universities find themselves in a strange half-way world — no longer segregated by law, yet not truly integrated. Until now, black institutions of higher education have trained almost the entire black leadership and professional class in America. Even we Blacks who went on to white graduate schools received our college education in black colleges. Traditionally, black institutions have been the sole repository of black culture and history and almost the only institutions concerned with black interests, rights and well-being. Black studies and courses and programs in AfroAmerican history and culture are now widely appreciated and fashionable. But many black institutions traditionally had black history projects and maintained ties with African nations and culture long before black studies became popular in the I960's. For years, a college degree from one of the black educational institutions offered Blacks virtually the only certainty of job security and economic improvement. But even here the limits of econoThe Sphinx I May-June 1974

Brother Edward W. Brooke

mic participation were controlled and circumscribed by the white community. Few professions were open to Blacks and even these were to be practiced in the isolated black community with its marginal economy. Black colleges primarily trained teachers for black elementary and secondary schools and the small number of professors, ministers, lawyers, doctors, and other professionals which the economically depressed black community could afford. For over a century, black higher education has suffered from a lack of resources. Few Blacks could afford high tuitions. Contributions from Foundations, state governments and even the federal government have been inadequate and far below those granted to white institutions. Endowments to aid students, establish teaching chairs, or expand and improve facilities have been insufficient. In the academic economy, black colleges and universities on the whole have been poorly equipped to compete. Today, 20 years after the Brown v. Topeka Board of Education Supreme Court decision to end the doctrine of separate but equal, we find that integration in education has not yet proved to be a panacea and that growing black pride has raised questions as well as created opportunities.

Integration has intensified the economic problems of black higher education. Today, almost two-thirds of our black students now attend traditionally white institutions. And with scarcer financial resources than white schools, black institutions must compete with their white counterparts for both black professors and students. Often black pride, though commendable, does raise questions as to whether black colleges should prepare their graduates to share the risks and rewards of the national economy or prepare them primarily to build a separate black community and separate black economy. On the one hand, black institutions of higher learning are criticized for not paralleling their wealthier white counterparts. On the other hand, black universities are criticized for not exclusively serving the black community. The basic question is whether black institutions of higher education are still needed now that we have partial integration. Integration is too often seen simply as a question of integrating white institutions, while leaving most black ones to struggle for survival. The need which black colleges and universities fill, makes a compelling case for the useful and necessary existence of black colleges and universities. Even though the majority of Blacks are now attending white institutions, the number of Blacks enrolled in black institutions has grown significantly. In 1900 only . 3 % of college and university students were black. During the boom period of the 1960's, enrollment in higher education in general nearly doubled and black enrollments kept pace. By 1970, 7% of college enrollments were black — an encouraging growth even though the figure for black enrollment still fell considerably short of the 11 % which Blacks constitute in the population as a whole. And despite the fact that some 400,000 Blacks are enrolled in white institutions as compared to some 185,000 (Continued on page 32) 31

BLACK HIGHER EDUCATION . . . (Continued from page 31) in black institutions, more Blacks are receiving their degrees from black rather than white institutions, due to the higher attrition rates of Blacks in white schools. The 85 four-year black colleges enroll less than 40% of all black students but award 70% of the bachelor's degrees earned by Blacks. Thus black institutions bear the brunt of taking black students and providing those special educational services which enable a black college student to overcome the deficiencies in his primary and secondary education. Almost 50% of Blacks are under the age of 21. They should not have to enter competitive adult life without the chance for a higher education or for the training they need in order to hold meaningful jobs. To be sure, black students need black colleges and universities. But the nation also needs black colleges and universities. But these are days of great challenge for black institutions of higher education. Some would say of insurmountable challenge. But I disagree. Black schools must meet the challenges of closing the proportionate gap between the number of Whites and Blacks with professional training. We must have twice as many young Blacks enrolled in graduate schools as we have at present if that gap is to be closed by 1990. In stark contrast to the fact that Blacks comprise 11 % of the American population is the fact that in medicine only 2% of all physicians are black and less than 3% of all medical school students are black. In my field, the law, one out of every 750 white Americans is a lawyer, but only one out of every 5,000 black Americans is a lawyer. In doctoral and professional degree programs, only 1.75% of the graduate enrollment in arts and sciences is black. Many of the better jobs, professional and para-professional, in today's modern, post-industrial economy require at least some scientific and technical training. The absence of black students in scienceoriented courses reflect the historical lack of laboratories, science facilities, and curriculum from black grade schools through black graduate schools. In addition to our goal of matching the resources of white schools, black colleges and universities must make the 32

changes now demanded of all higher education. Traditionally, the duty of American higher education has been to provide a liberal arts background or at most to prepare the student to follow one of only a few occupations â&#x20AC;&#x201D; teaching, the law, the ministry, or engineering. But, now we are increasingly aware that post secondary education must be a more comprehensive education. It must provide more choice. In addition to a liberal arts background, junior colleges. colleges, and universities must also prepare a student for a career. We know there are now over 20,000 occupations. Students must be made aware of their alternatives and opportunities and must receive the career training they need to make the choices and take advantage of the opportunities. By 1980, four out of every five jobs will not require the traditional four-year college degree, but will require extensive training and education beyond high school. Jobs will be available in fields which were unknown at the time your parents and I graduated from high school. Positions in urban planning, in mass transit design, in nuclear medicine, in bio-medicine, electro mechanics, environmental science and many other new occupations are numerous and exciting. And these opportunities are coming at a time when, at long last, Blacks are increasingly free to participate in the whole American economy. I am not a Pollyanna. I know too well the lingering economic injustices from which Blacks suffer. But I will not close my eyes to the opportunities which are now opening to our young black people. And in considering career opportunities for young Blacks and the need for career education, we must not be paralyzed by a fear of past mistakes. No one can deny that in the past vocational education of young Blacks too often meant a preparation for marginal jobs, jobs in a rural agricultural economy at the very time that our country was becoming urban and industrialized. Today we must prepare black students for jobs in our nation's total economy â&#x20AC;&#x201D; not in a separate economy. Higher education must insure that Blacks are no longer faced with few occupational choices or with left-over jobs. The American economy is changing in many ways which make further demands upon American higher education.

Black colleges and universities must meet this need for intermittent continuing education through a person's adult life. The days are past when one might expect to hold only one job, or type of job, during the course of his lifetime â&#x20AC;&#x201D; or in his early years alone receive all his training. It is long past time for the nation to give substance to this need for continuing education. Our tax policies, our employment laws, and especially our student aid policies are geared almost entirely to a lock-step educational process. To be more relevant and responsive, the federal government should grant each individual some form of financial education credit to which he would be entitled throughout his life at a time of his own choosing or need. All of American higher education should make increasing provisions for our nation's need for continuing and career education. Many black colleges and universities also wish to fill a special role in the building of a strong and viable black community. The focus of black colleges on black culture and black studies is widely known. This is good. It creates pride and an essential sense of identity. But there are other compelling interests. Compensatory education in inner-city elementary and secondary schools and assistance in establishing black community self-help organizations and black enterprises should be important areas of endeavor by black universities and colleges. The greatest challenge to black higher education, however, has been and remains, the need for increased financial resources. While the nation expects more black higher education, it has given it only a small fraction of the resources given to white institutions of higher education. The financial problems which beset all of American higher education are magnified in black higher education. And we must remember that the special tasks assigned to black higher education, remedial education in particular, are exceedingly costly. There are few financial options open to black higher education. Tuition increases for most black students are unbearable. One recent survey showed that almost 40% of students in black colleges came from families with less than $4,000 annual income. (Continued on page 33) The Sphinx I May-June 1974

BLACK HIGHER EDUCATION . . . (Continued from page 32) Many state governments in the South where most black colleges are located, are still reluctant to grant black institutions sufficient funds. Indeed, there are instances where state governments have chosen to locate a new competing college in a community rather than strengthening an already existing black college. Until recently, foundations and corporations have seemed oblivious to the imbalance between gifts to black and to white institutions of higher education. Even with the help of vigorous fundraising drives such as yours here at Virginia Union, endowments at black institutions cannot alone accomplish what is needed. Thus, when we speak of the survival and growth of black institutions of higher education, we primarily mean assistance from the federal government, in terms of both student aid and aid to the institutions themselves. For decades most of the massive federal aid to higher education has ignored the needs of black colleges â&#x20AC;&#x201D; and of many small white colleges as well. Federal aid has given little attention to the fact that it costs more for a college to educate a student coming from an educationally deprived background. It has particularly ignored the great backlog of needs found in black colleges for faculty, modern facilities, good libraries, curriculum expansion, and for a greater amount of student aid than that needed in colleges serving students from more affluent families. Most federal money has been directed to the "hard" sciences, which are expensive academic disciplines in terms of faculty and facilities. Traditionally, they have been disciplines too expensive for black colleges to fully support. Thus, our black institutions have been denied one immense block of money which has been allocated to higher education. Only in recent years has the federal government become sensitive and responsive to the needs of black institutions of higher education. More money has been made available for student aid and loans. Beginning with the Higher Education Act of 1965, the federal government provided money for undergraduate training. The Education Amendments of 1972 further increased the possibilities for student financial assistance by The Sphinx I May-June 1974

creating the new Basic Education Opportunity Grants program to supplement existing student aid programs. Now the BEOG program assures every student who can gain admittance to college some financial support, if needed, but not enough. Equally important to black colleges, the federal government program for strengthening developing institutions was established in 1965 to provide the much needed financial assistance to those institutions which have been left out of the mainstream of American higher education. Far over one-half of the Developing Institutions' funds have gone to black colleges and universities. In the current fiscal 1974 year the Senate Labor-Health Education and Welfare Appropriations Subcommittee of which I am a member, included $100 million for this essential program. Other federal programs have made some grants to construct and develop college libraries and facilities. The National Science Foundation has made some money available for improved college science programs. Training grants have been made in the health professions. Federal aid for black higher education more than doubled between 1969 and 1972. Virginia Union alone, for example, received an increase in federal funds from $1 million in 1970 to three and one-quarter million dollars in the current school year. And as tribute to its potential and excellence, Virginia Union received one of the largest grants the Developing Institutions program made. While black colleges enroll about 2.6% of all college students in the nation, they now receive about 5.5% of federal funds. This trend in federal support for developing black institutions must continue. We must discourage any slackening of effort. Even middle class parents are now finding it difficult to send their children through college because of the escalating costs of education. But we cannot resolve this problem of middle class students at the expense of those students who most need federal student aid assistance. In every instance, we must help most where help is most needed to insure each and every American an equal chance to aspire and achieve.


IOTA... Proud of Brother "Tony" Clark

m Brother Anthony J. Clark, the president of Gamma Iota Chapter is a senior Mass Media Arts major from Yonkers, N.Y. He has been on the Dean's List at Hampton Institute for the past four years and is a member of "Who's Who Among Students In American Universities and Colleges." In addition to being pctive in the Urban Affairs tutorial program in Hampton, Brother Clarke is editor of the Men's Association newspaper "The Rogue" and was president of the freshmen class. Brother Clark was instrumental in setting up the Founders Day program in Hampton which was attended by Brother Walter Washington in December. James P. Rogers Corresponding Sec'y Gamma Iota Chapter Alpha Phi Alpha Thomas Wolfe wrote: "To every man his chance, to every man, regardless of his birth, his shining golden opportunity â&#x20AC;&#x201D; to every man the right to live, to work, to be himself, and to become whatever thing his manhood and his vision can combine to make him â&#x20AC;&#x201D; this, seeker, is the promise of American." You now enter the world for which your families and your university have diligently and devotedly tried to prepare you. You enter life with more hope than any generation of Blacks before you that at long last the promise of America is coming true for black Americans. May you find your shining golden opportunities, may you seize your chances to become whatever your vision and values combine to make. This is the wish which we who gather here today have for you. Thank you. 33


Newark College Puts Together Package Offering Tutoring, Financial Aid WHY THIS ARTICLE ? ? Mr. J. Herbert King, Editor 4728 Drexel Boulevard Chicago, Illinois 60615 Dear Brother King: First, let me congratulate you on the excellent issue of the Sphinx, February 1974. In reading with interest the activities of brothers across the country, I thought that you might be interested in my activities on a national effort to increase the number of minority engineers. Since 1969, I have been designing and implementing programs to increase the number of minority engineering graduates at Newark College of Engineering. A description of that program is enclosed in the reprint of "Blueprint for Minority Engineers" appearing in the April issue of Manpower published by the United States Department of Labor. It is significant that the Department of Labor considers this as a national model. Also enclosed are relevant materials and a copy of my resume. Note worthy also is the fact that at Newark College of Engineering, there is a new undergraduate chapter being formulated under the leadership of our Associate Dean oi Students â&#x20AC;&#x201D; Clinton Dozier. Presently, I am involved with a number of colleges and foundations in advising them on mechanisms for increasing blacks and other minorities in engineering. I am also advisor to a number of industries to fulfill their objectives in minority efforts along with the National Academy of Engineering in Washington. I trust that this and other information may be enlightening to our brothers since Alpha is taking the leadership to insure that blacks and other minorities have significant representation in engineering, science, and technology. Fraternally yours, Melvin Thompson, Director Engineering Opportunity Program (Delta Mu Lambda) 34

Brother Melvin


Young . . . poor . . . black . . . weak background in high school math and science An unlikely profile of a future engineer â&#x20AC;&#x201D; but not an impossibe one, as Lynn Turner and Willie Waller have proved. Turner, 22, is an $ll,500-a-year mechanical engineer with Eastman Kodak in Rochester, N.Y. Waller, also 22, is a civil engineer for Connecticut-based Combustion Engineering, Inc., and earns $11,000 a year. These two young men are among the first products of the Engineering Opportunity Program (EOP), a highly innovative effort begun at the Newark College of Engineering in 1968. The program brings blacks and other disadvantaged youngsters who could not normally qualify, either financially or schoIastically, into the college as engineering students without sacrificing the school's academic standards. Federal, State, and private money is used to make up for each student a scholarshipstyle package of aid to help meet school expenses and give him or her some needed pocket money. Special courses have been designed to bring the students up to the college's academic requirements.

During the current school year, 160 EOP students, mostly black, are in class. And EOP has encouraged other blacks, who do not need the program's help, to attend the college which until 6 or 7 years ago was virtually all white. Last summer, EOP produced its first 11 graduates, including Turner and Waller. The school's ultimate aim is to bring the number of blacks on campus to 10 percent of total enrollment and keep it there. "It certainly is a solid program," said EOP student David Simmons, a senior majoring in civil engineering. "It's really helped me out as far as meeting the criteria for getting in. I couldn't have qualified for regular admission and again there was the financial difficulty. This program takes a lot of headaches off the student â&#x20AC;&#x201D; you can concentrate on your studies and not worry so much about the financial part." The financial part certainly is important for EOP students, whose average family income is under $7,000 a year and whose average family size is six. Equally important, however, is the academic side. Many EOP students did fairly well in high school, but the predominantly black institutions from which many of them graduated left them illprepared for the demands of engineering school. Few Blacks Enrolled "My overall high school average was a low B," said junior David McMillan, an electrical engineering major who comes from a welfare family of eight. "I wanted to go to Rutgers but I needed calculus and chemistry and didn't have either one. I had a C to B average in math but when I came here I had to do a lot of brushing up." EOP gave him special tutoring and special classes in all these subjects when he enrolled in the summer of 1971. The catalyst for EOP, in the opinion of director Melvin W. Thompson, was the riot of 1967. Newark was one of the first and most highly publicized of more than 200 American cities stricken (Continued on page 35) The Sphinx I May-June 1974

MINORITY ENGINEERS . . . (Continued from page 34) by fire and vandalism during civil disturbances that year. "Some concerned people here thought the college ought to become involved in the surrounding area," which is heavily populated by blacks and other minorities, he said. The concerned people were members of the college faculty and administration. They formed a committee to improve the college's relations with the community and to establish a program for minority students. The scholar for years had admitted blacks but not many entered. "Engineering was not a profession on their social priority list," said Dr. William Hazell, president of the college. Black college prospects were generally steered to familiar fields such as education and the ministry, and their high schools did not offer the scientific and technical subjects needed to qualify for engineering college. A math teacher, Carl Konove, was the member of the committee selected to direct the program on a volunteer basis in the spring of 1968. An 8-week cram summer program was established in math, physics, and English. Counselors, principals, and science teachers in predominantly black high schools in the Newark area were canvassed to provide likely prospects. "We interviewed 35 and picked up 20," Konove said. "They were selected on the teachers' recommendations and what we were looking for were those who were highly motivated. We also visited their homes to enlist the support of their parents." Perhaps the crucial factor in getting the program off the launching pad in the face of the skepticism of the black community was William Eichelberger, the college's black chaplain. He took on the task of teaching black enrollees remedial English in the special summer class. "It was fortunate we could work through him," Dr. Hazell said. "He was a realist and faced these people very honestly and frankly. He was interested in setting a pattern, a pattern of rigorous study. He was a tough taskmaster." Minority Engineers Eichelberger set up a reading program ranging from the older classics to Le Roi Jones, a militant black writer who lives in Newark. The Sphinx I May-June 1074

"I asked why Le Roi Jones," Dr. Hazell recalled. "Eichelberger said it was because he was relevant, because he spoke their language and he had a strong element of good writing. It worried us a bit. Jones is interesting but his language is of the street." The cram courses, lasting 6 hours a day 5 days a week, prepared the youngsters for entry in September. They were then assigned to regular classes, but because of their academic deficiencies, were given some tutoring and counseling. They were also required to take a lighter workload, generally 13 hours per semester instead of the standard 18, and thus would graduate in 5 years instead of the standard 4. I- nil- lime Director Hired But it was soon obvious the program could not remain on a volunteer basis with Konove and other faculty doing the work in their free time. "I was getting up in the middle of the night to write notes to myself," said Konove. The following year the college hired a 32-year-old black science teacher and guidance counselor from Paterson, N.J., Melvin W. Thompson, as fulltime director. He established a highly structured program that is paying dividends in increased enrollments and a lower dropout rate. Thompson expanded recruiting so that it includes disadvantaged whites and Puerto Ricans — and women. EOP students on campus now include 20 Hispanos, 8 whites, 1 American Indian, 5 Orientals, and 10 women. "My experience with OEO taught me that if your program is strictly for minorities, you're vulnerable," he said (In 1967-69 he directed an after-school demonstration project in Paterson, funded by the Office of Economic Opportunity.) A second reason, he continued, is that "the needs of students transcend racial lines. Many whites in Newark are not adequately educated." Furthermore, a good portion of program money comes from the State whose policy is to help the disadvantaged, not just minorities groups. And finally, Thompson feels that, like any other organization, a school tends to attribute anything that goes wrong •— such as the theft of pocket books and equipment — to a "foreign body," in this case, blacks. Mixing whites in the EOP program, and having blacks attend the college outside EOP, helps blunt this tendency. The program will

remain predominantly minority and predominantly black, Thompson said, but "we can't rule out whites who need our help." Throughout the school year Thompson and his staff visit more than 50 high schools in Newark and the surrounding commuting area. (Newark College of Engineering has no dormitory facilities so EOP students are expected to live at home, an arrangement that cuts costs.) Disadvantaged high school seniors are told about the program and are invited to apply. Fifty are selected each year based on academic record, financial need, motivation, and the recommendations of high school counselors and teachers. Those selected are tested and then for 8 weeks of summer study get the level of classroom work they need in four subjects: Math, physics, English, and chemistry. "We don't arbitrarily shove them into a class," said Pemberton Johnson, director of the college's counseling center. "We give them an explanation of what the test means and what they will need. We talk to them and make them understand." Regular orientation sessions conducted by college officials help prepare the new students for the rigors of college life, which begin in earnest at the end of the summer. Guest speakers like Newark's Mayor Kenneth Gibson, one of the college's few black alumni, help them understand worldly success is not reserved exclusively for whites. By the end of the summer, some are nearly ready to stand on their own feet but others still need a good deal of help. A program is established for each. Those having great difficulty keeping up take only 12 or 13 hours of classes instead of the regular 18. The school maintains a staff of 15 paid tutors, all of them students, some of them more advanced EOP students. The average EOP freshman is tutored 5 hours weekly in math, physics, and English. A special combined mathphysics course developed for EOP students in their first semester has proved so effective that it is now used for more than half the school's incoming freshmen. Counseling is available every day, individually and in groups. Cultural enrichment includes campus visits by black and Spanish artists, guest speakers, and seminars. At the end of each semester each student is evaluated as to academic performance and personal growth, and (Continued on page 36) 35

MINORITY ENGINEERS . . . (Continued from page 35) remedial action is taken to meet any problems. After the freshman year, each EOP is virtually on his own, and except for financial aid is treated much like other students. "It's not a one-way street," said Thompson. "We let them evaluate us too, and they help make rules and standards. Last April, we met in Atlantic City â&#x20AC;&#x201D; the EOP kids, tutors, and faculty. The kids themselves decided there would be no extracurricular activities for any EOP student whose grade average was less than 2 equivalent of C). They made the decision and they are enforcing it. I couldn't have done it. That would have generated resentment." A 15-person advisory board assists Thompson with EOP and other programs for minority students. The board includes two parents, three EOP students, several faculty members and school administrators, an engineer, a biochemist, a black clergyman, a black high school teacher, a high school administrator, and a representative from ASPI RA, a Puerto Rican organization. 'Motivation's the Thing' It is difficult to say whether this highly structured program or Thompson's personal qualities are primarily responsible for EOP's marked improvement in efficiency. Willie Waller fervently believes it is Thompson. "He did a damned good job," said Waller. "It's motivation, that's the important thing. I was pretty highly motivated because of the things he told us. That made the hard work a lot easier." At any rate, since Thompson came aboard, retention rates have improved. Dropouts have now been virtually stopped and the college estimates that 75 percent of those recruited since 1969 will graduate. Of the initial 20 recruited in 1968, the year before Thompson joined the program, only two graduated in 1973 (the other nine EOP 1973 graduates were later entries who studied hard and graduated in 4 years. "They (1968 recruits) were brought in hastily, at the last minute, and the pressure was too much," said Thompson. "It's a miracle that two of them got through." He emphasized that the remaining 18 were not lost. Five transferred to liberal arts col36

leges and have graduated, four still attend Newark College of Engineering and are expected to graduate this year, three are employed in technical jobs, and one went into military service. Until the current school year, financial arrangements for EOP students were simple. Packages of aid were put together from a variety of Federal, State, and private sources, and each student received all his books, tuition and fees plus $20 for lunch and transportation. Now a more flexible system has been set up that takes into account how much an individuals family can contribute. A "total need budget" for an upperclassman, for example, is $2,630 (it is less for freshmen and sophomores). Based on family income, assets, and size, the college's scholarship service determines the package needed to meet the budget. The first $750 might come from the State's Educational Opportunity Fund, another $750 from Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grants, $600 from the Federal College Work-Study Program which provides part-time jobs on campus paying up to $2.50 an hour. The balance might come from a National Direct Student Loan (Federal money to be repaid after graduation), from a private contributor, or from the student's family. EOP during the current school year is receiving some $350,000 from State and Federal education programs and from such private contributors as Bell Laboratories, the Sloan-Victoria Foundation, Gulf Oil, Maxwell House, Allied Chemical, Exxon, and the Huber Foundation. EOP also helps students find summer jobs, preferably related to their college education. Junior David McMillan last summer worked for a large company in Holmdell, N. J., on a project to cut power consumption. During the summer of 1972, he tutored incoming EOP students while going to summer school. Waller worked summers as part of a surveying team for the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, and Turner tutored two summers and worked one summer as an engineering assistant for the Newark gas and electric company. Job Requires Travel EOP tries to have jobs or further educational opportunities ready for graduates. Of the first 11 receiving degrees, 7 were placed in private industry and 4 moved on to graduate school. Waller,

who graduated in August instead of June (he had two courses to make up) found his job with Combustion Engineering through the school's placement office, and assumed his duties in September. As a youngster, Waller seldom left the environs of Newark; now he is almost continually on the road for Combustion, a firm that supplies power generating equipment throughout the United States, and has moved into the design and installation of environmental control and chemical recovery systems. In his first 3 months he worked on company contracts in Pennsylvania and Kansas for power and light companies, and in Virginia doing chemical recovery work for a paper company. "He's adapting very well," said his work supervisor, W. R. Byroads, head engineer for Combustion on the Kansas job. "He's got his feet on the ground. I think he's going to make a good engineer." Despite the success and praise that has come his way. Thompson does not believe his program is the final answer to the problem of bringing minorities into engineering. "It takes us a year to get 50 to 60 students from about 55 high schools in northern New Jersey," he said. "This shows EOP is not the best technique. The percentage of minorities in high school science and math classes is way below their representation in a given school. That is the problem we must focus on." He wants structural changes in the high schools that will encourage minorities to go into the sciences and will lead them into all professions. Better instruction would help but the key is guidance and counseling, Thompson believes. "Schools must have comprehensive career counseling programs starting with the seventh grade," he said. "You've got to reach students in grades 7 to 10 and get them on the science track. The counseling has to take into account the students' resources and interests and the wishes of their parents." (Continued next issue) Bring or mail your resume during the convention BRO. L. H. STANTON Job Interview Alpha Phi Alpha Convention Hotel St. Francis â&#x20AC;&#x201D; Union Square San Francisco, Cal. 94119

The Sphinx I May-June 1974

EDITORIALLY SPEAKING Brother J. Herbert King, Editor



Pursuant to Article XIV and Article X, Section 3 of the constitution, your committee submits the following recommendations to the General Convention on each proposed amendment duly received and circularized: Proposal (I) â&#x20AC;&#x201D; The committee recommended the convention ADOPT the concept of the Editor of the Sphinx as an employed officer on the staff of the General Office rather than as an elected officer. Should this concept be adopted the committee will return with wording of the many sections of the constitution affected by such a change. The Committee presented the above proposal based on proposed Constitutional Amendments. Bro. Buckner explained that two overriding conditions prevailed; the role of the Reorganization Committee and the New Program Items considered by this Convention (Proposal 1 was given considerable discussion by brothers who felt that the authority of this body was flipping away with the passage of such a proposal. Other brothers questioned the circularization of these amendments. Bro. Young was finally called to this point and stated that on "June 20, 1973 all chapters were mailed copies of the proposed amendments, 453 chapters and the Board of Directors.") Editor note: How many chapters replied? Brother Buckner stated that the members of that committee are: John D. Buckner, Chairman William E. Alexander Huey J. Battle Fredericus Coleman

H. Gray Gillem Kenneth Hudson T. J. Ranee Watson A. Young

Albert V. Alexander Kenneth B. Anderson Julian C. Brown David L. Daniel

Clifford L. Hubly E. C. Morse A. Wendell Wheadon Gus T. Ridgel

Therefore, my brothers the 60th anniversary of the Sphinx will be concluded without an elected Editor. To simplify the amendment above "The Sphinx magazine will be edited and published by the staff of the Executive Secretary, beginning after the San Francisco Convention. How did it happen? The bold type above is self-explanatory. Thus, you have in your possession a historic ^sue of The Sphinx. We are sorry . . . this issue does not contain all of the news submitted to us. Due to limited budget, (he publishing was curtailed. It is essential for intelligent consideration of any proposal for change that we have a clearly defined concept of the end in view, so that we shall be able to measure such a proposal in the terms of its probable tendency to forward or to hinder the achievement of the goals of our great fraternity. The aforementioned amendment was passed due to an unknowingly conspiracy of silence by college and graduate chapters regarding their responsibility under the laws of the fraternity. The absurdity of the passage of the amendment leaves only one general officer to be elected by the general convention in session, i.e., the office of General Treasurer. The only other officer elected by the entire brotherhood, is that of General President, which is by the process of mailed ballot. There is no question in reference to the intelligence of our brotherhood but I am afraid that our priorities and sensitiveness relative to the collective goals of the fraternity is somewhat questionable. In behalf of past elected Editors Raymond Cannon, Carl J. Murphy, V. E. Daniels, Lucius McGee, W. A. Pollard. V. D. Johnson, Oscar Brown, Sr., P. Bernard Young and Arnctt Lindsey, also, Brothers Lewis O. Swingler, W. Barton Beatty, C. Anderson Davis and George Daniels, kindly accept our sincere thanks, especially to those of you, too numerous to mention, who supported, enjoyed and appreciated the efforts of the past elected Editors of the Sphinx. Due to circumstances beyond our control, this issue of the magazine is extremely late. Copies of the magazine will not be mailed to Brothers with only the name of a college or university as an address. Those copies will be mailed after the colleges and universitier open. Therefore, college addressed Brothers will receive two copies of the Sphinx in the next mailing. College Brothers can receive their copies by sending us their summer address. We will immediately mail their magazine to them. Others, not receiving a copy of this issue, may pick up their copy at the 68th Anniversary Convention in San Francisco. Fraternally yours J. Herbert King, Editor The Sphinx I May-June 1974


Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc.. SIXTY-EIGHTH



St. Francis Hotel Convention Headquarters San Francisco, California

JOB RECRUITMENT 1974 Seniors, Recent Graduates — Men & Women Also the not so recent graduates

Dates of Job Interviews — August 5, 6, 7 .

Headquarters for Job Interviews — University of San Francisco San Francisco, Calif.

SEND YOUR RESUME TODAY MAIL TO: Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc. 4432 Martin Luther King Drive Chicago, Illinois 60653 OR



Sears, Roebuck Chicago, Illinois Owens-Illinois Co. Toledo, Ohio Johnson Products Co. Chicago, Illinois The Navy-Washington D.C. U.S. Civil Service Commission Washington, D.C. Federal Drug Administration Washington, D.C. R.J. Reynolds Industries, Inc. Winston-Salem, N.C. Dupont Wilmington, Delaware Union Carbide Corporation New York, N.Y. State Farm Insurance Companies Bloomington, Illinois National Institute of Health Bethesda, Maryland Kraft Foods Chicago, Illinois Jos Schlitz Brewing Co. Milwaukee, Wisconsin Goodyear Aerospace Corp. Akron, Ohio U.S. Steel Corp. Pittsburgh, Pa. General Mills, Inc. Minneapolis, Minn. General Electric Co. Schenectady, N.Y. Equitable Life Assurance Society of America New York, N.Y. 40

Container Corporation of America Chicago, Illinois Sea Land Service Corp. Edison, N.J. Prudential Insurance Company of America Newark, New Jersey Exxon Co. Inc. Houston, Texas American Can Company Greenwich, Conn. Chesebrough-Pond, Inc. Trumbull, Conn. 3-M Company St. Paul, Minnesota Johnson Products Co. Chicago, Illinois Bell & Howell Schools Chicago, Illinois Warner-Lambert Co. Morris Plains, N.J. Clairol, Inc. New York, N.Y. U.S. Agriculture Department Washington, D.C. National Accelerator Laboratory Batavia, Illinois The Pillsbury Co. Minneapolis, Minn. Squibbs Institute of Medical Research Princeton, N.J. Pepsi-Cola Co. Argonne National Laboratories Argonne, Illinois American Airlines New York, N.Y.

Monsanto Co. St. Louis, Missouri Pacific Telephone Company San Francisco, California Bendix Corp. Southfield, Mich. Gulf Oil Co. Pittsburgh, Pa. PPG Industries Pittsburgh, Pa. Mobil Oil Corporation New York, N.Y. Xerox Corporation Rochester, N.Y. Johnson & Johnson Chicago, Illinois Procter & Gamble Cincinnati, Ohio Atlantic Richfield Company Dallas, Texas Anheuser-Busch, Inc. St. Louis, Mo. B.F. Goodrich Company Akron, Ohio Ford Motor Company Detroit, Michigan Frito-Lay, Inc. Dallas, Texas Eastern Airlines Miami, Florida Allstate Insurance Co. Northbrook, Illinois Eastman Kodak Co. Rochester, N.Y. IBM White Plains, New York The Sphinx I May-June 1974

ALPHA PHI ALPHA FRATERNITY, INC. General Office / 4432 Dr. Martin Luther King Drive / Chicago, Illinois



A. Callis


E Street,




Alcorn A and M College. Lorman, Miss. 4432 Martin Luther King Dr., Chicago. III. 4676 W. Outer Drive, Detroit. Michigan 4728 Drexel Blvd., Chicago III. 31 Hickory Hill Rd., Tappan. 1824 Taylor Street. N. W.. Washington, D.C. 2601 Gentilly Blvd., New Orleans. La. 100 Fairview Ave., Yeadon, Penn.

39096 60653 48235 60615 N. Y. 20011 70122 19050

Officers General President - Walter Washington Executive Secretary - William H. Walker General Treasurer - - Leven C. Weiss Editor of the Sphinx — J . Herbert King General Counsel — Albert Holland, Jr Historian — Charles H. Wesley Comptroller — Chas. C. Teamer Director-General Conventions — Kermit J . Hall

Vice Presidents

THERE GOES AS ALPHA MAN There goes a man of high impulse Of princely mien and grace There goes a man of humble faith A credit to his race There goes a man of conscience vast with will to reach his goal There goes a man of lordly rank Of heroes' stock and soul—

Eastern — Charles P. Howard, Jr Midwestern — James R. Williams Southern — Bennie J. Harris Southwestern — Robert M. King Western — Thadeaus H. Hobbs

1500 American Building, Baltimore, Maryland 1 Cascade Plaza, if-1908, Akron, Ohio 602 Mooremont Terrace, Chattanooga, Tenn. 1839 Mahalia Drive. Waco, Texas 3909 S. Norton Avenue, Los Angeles, California

21202 44308 37411 76705 90008

Assistant Vice Presidents Eastern — George L. Van Amson Midwestern — Steven L. Jones Southern — Leonard C. Johnson Western — Cecil A. Collins Southwestern — Bruce Ruffin

534 West 114th St., New York, N.Y. 1401 Mt. Vernon Dr.. Bloomington, III. Johnson C. Smith University, Charlotte, N. C. 18514 57th Ave., Seattle. Washington 408 North Washington, Stillwater. Okla.

10027 61601 28208 98155 74074

Committee Chairmen Educational Activities — Herman B. Smith, Jr 3380 Sewell Rd. S.W., Atlanta, Ga. Building-Housing Fdtn. — J . L. Hunt 3435 Harding Blvd., Baton Rouge. La. 70807 Constitution — John D. Buckner 4246 W. North Market Street. St. Louis. Missouri 63113 Rules and Credentials — Henry M. Collier, Jr., M.D Collier Professional Bldg.. Savannah, Ga. Standards & Extension — Leonard R. Ballou Eliza. City State Col, Elizabeth City. N. C. 27909 Election — Emmett W. Bashful 6400 Press Drive, New Orleans, Louisiana 70126 Budget & Finance — Chas. C. Teamer 2601 Gentilly Blvd., New Orleans, La. 70122 Personnel — Meredith G. Ferguson 1701 21st Avenue. N. Nashvillee, Tenn. 37208 Publications — Moses General Miles 1329 Abraham Street. Tallahassee. Florida 32304 Publicity-Public Relations — Marcus Newstadter 2745 Prentiss Ave., New Orleans. La. 70122 Equitable Job Opportunity — L. H. Stanton 507 - 5th Ave., Suite 305, New York, N. Y. 10017


There goes a man of noble caste Whom hardship cannot break There goes a man in merit clad Whom duty won't forsake There goes a man in cultured verse Who holds a sportsman's creed There goes a man too vigilant To bow to lust or greed There goes a man whose life is spent in service not in scorn There goes a man whose majesty ' Shines like a May time

There goes a man who is a friend To love and duty truth There goes a man to help uplift The lives of wholesome youth There goes a man with industry and faith at his command. There goes the best man in and out For he is an Alpha Man.

Eastern Region Bro. Leon Sweeny New Jersey Maryland — Connecticut — Bro. Otha N. Brown, Jr New York — Bro. Clarence Jacobs Pennsylvania — Bro. Frank E. Devine Massachusetts — Bro. James Howard Rhode Island — Bro. Ralph Allen

6 Norman Drive, Neptune, New Jersey 208 Flax Hill Road, Norwalk, Conn. 111-63 178th Place, St. Albans, N.Y. 6202 Washington, Philadelphia, Pa. 105 Greenwood St. Boston. Mass. 179 Doyle Ave., Providence, R.I.

M i d w e s t e r n Region Northern Illinois — Bro. Andre Bell 1501 Albion, Chicago, Illinois Eastern Illinois — Bro. William Rtdgeway, Ph.D Dept. of Zoology, Eastern III. Univ. Southern Illinois — Bro. Harold W. Thomas 6899 Lake Drive, East St. Louis, III. 62203 Indiana — Bro. William J. Bolden 3157 West 19th Street, Gary, Indiana Iowa — Bro. Everett A. Mays P. O. Box No. 533. Des Moines, Iowa Kansas — Bro. Elarry E. Mukes 3828 Laven Street. Wichita. Kansas 67208 Kentucky — Bro. Melvin Talbott 1863 Overlook Terrace, Louisville. Ky. 40205 Eastern Michigan — Bro. Robert J . Chillison, III 13836 John R. St., Highland Pk., Mich. Western Michigan — Bro. W. Wilberforce Plummer, MD 654 Wealthy St., SE, Grand Rapids. Mich. Eastern Missouri — Bro. Clifton Bailey 3338 Aubert Ave., St. Louis. Mo. 63115 Central Missouri — Bro. Carl Smith State Route 2. Lakeview Subdivision. Jeff. City., Mo. Western Missouri — Bro. Titus Exum 108 Allen Hall. Lincoln Univ., Jefferson City, Mo. Nabraska — Bro. Thomas A. Phillips 5012 Ruggles Street. Omaha, Nebraska 68104 Northeast Ohio — Bro. Curtis Washington 151 Wheeler Street, Akron. Ohio 44311 Northwest Ohio — Bro. Robert Stubblefield 1340 W. Woodruff St.. Toledo, Ohio 43606 Central Ohio — Bro. Oliver Sumlin 2724 Hoover Avenue, Dayton, Ohio 45407 Southeast Ohio — Bro. James Wright 1505 Franklin Park. So., Columbus, Ohio 43205 Southwest Ohio — Bro. Holloway Sells 135 Mary Lane, Cincinnati, Ohio West Virginia — Bro. J . A. Shelton p. o . Box No. 314, Welch. W. Va. Wisconsin — Bro. Hoyt Harper 5344 64th Street, Milwaukee, Wis. 53218 Oklahoma — B r o . Vernon L. Foshee Louisiana — Bro. Chas. H. Finley Arkansas — Bro. T. E. Patterson Texas — Bro. Reby Cary Texas — Bro. Victor Smith Arkansas — Bro. M. L. Fridia Arkansas — Bro. George Howard At-Large — Bro. Paul Smith

Southwestern Region 725 Terrace Blvd., Muskogee, Oklahoma 501 E. Main Street, Lafayette, La. 70501 1624 W. 21st St., Little Rock, Arkansas 1804 Bunche Dr., Ft. Worth, Texas 2004 N. Adams, Amarillo, Texas • 1200 Pulaski. Little Rock, Ark. 60 Watson Blvd., Pine Bluff, Ark. Ark. A and M College, Pine Bluff, Ark.

Southern Region At-Large — Brother Andrew J. Lewis II 2861 Engle Road NW, Atlanta. Ga. Alabama — Brother William M. Clark 2026 Winchester Rd., Huntsville, Ala. Florida — Bro. Robert L. Smith 431 Rosemary Ave.. West Palm Beach, Fla. Georgia — Bro. Matthew H. Dawson 793 Magna Carta Dr.. Atlanta. Ga. Gulf Area — Brother John H. Montgomery 1103 Daphne Avenue. Daphne Ala. Mississippi — Brother John I. Hendricks, Jr Box 677. Alcorn College. Lorman Miss. North Carolina — Brother W. Sullivan 2405 Glenridge Court, Greensboro, N. C. South Carolina — Brother W. J . Davis Jr 4509 Williamsburg Drive, Columbia, S.C. Tennessee — Brother Zenoch G. Adams 1024 Kellow Street, Nashville, Tenn.

30318 35810 33401 30318 36527 39096 27405 29203 37208

Western Region 257 Kensington Way, San Francisco, Cal. 6550 E. 6th St., Denver, Colo. 2118 So. Bagley St.. Los Angeles. Cal. 2401 W. Cheery Lynn Rd.. Phoenix, Ariz. 520 W. 5th St., Stockton, Cal. 6531 Hopedale Ct., San Diego, Cal. 941 E. Seneca St., Tucson, Ariz.

94127 80220 90034 85015 95206 92120 85719

Bay Area — Granvel Jackson Colorado Area — Laurence Ogletree Los Angeles Area — Clinton Minnis Phoenix-New Mexico — Wm. M. Corbin Sacramento-Stockton — C. W. Basfield San Diego Area — Samuel McElroy, Jr Tucson-Nev. — Felix L. Goodwin

The Sphinx 4432 Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Drive Chicago, Illinois 60653


Second Class Postage Paid Chicago, Illinois

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WELCOME TO SAN FRANCISCO Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity 68th Anniversary General Convention August 2 - 8 , 1 9 7 4 CHINATOWN CROSSROADS This is Grant Avenue — California Street, where the cable cars stop on their steep haul between the financial district and the top of Nob Hill, . . . the main crossroads in San Francisco's 27 square block Chinatown.






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The SPHINX | Summer 1974 | Volume 60 | Number 2 197406002  

"In spite of the length of life of the fraternity, in order to keep that life going and to improve leadership among our folk in America, Alp...

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