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Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc.

.. JfJ2? rWtfWj&TM* A N ALPHA . . . SUCCEEDS


Brother John Harold Johnson Publishing Executive Chicago, Illinois

ALPHA PHI ALPHA FRATERNITY, INC. General Office / 4432 Dr. Martin Luther King Drive / Chicago, Illinois







Alcorn A and M College, Lorman. Miss. 4432 Martin Luther King Dr., Chicago, III. 4676 W. Outer Drive, Detroit, Michigan 31 Hickory Hill Rd.. Tappan. 1824 Taylor Street, N. W.. Washington. D C . 2601 Gentilly Blvd., New Orleans. La. 100 Fairview Ave., Yeadon. Penn.

39096 60663 48235 N. Y. 20011 70122 19050


E Street,


Officers General President — Walter Washington Executive Secretary — Laurence T. Young General Treasurer — Leven C. Weiss General Counsel — Albert Holland, Jr Historian — Charles H. Wesley Comptroller — Chas. C. Teamer Director-General Conventions — Kermit J . Hall

Vice Presidents

THERE GOES AN ALPHA MAN There goes a man of high impulse Of princely mien and grace There goes a man of humble faith A credit to his race There goes a man of conscience vast with will to reach his goal There goes a man of lordly rank Of heroes' stock and soul—

Eastern — Charles P. Howard, Jr Midwestern — James R. Williams Southern — Bennie J . Harris Southwestern — Robert M. King Western — Thadeaus H. Hobbs

1500 American Building, Baltimore. Maryland 1 Cascade Plaza, i t 1908, Akron, Ohio 602 Mooremont Terrace. Chattanooga. Tenn. 1839 Mahalia Drive, Waco Texas 3909 S. Norton Avenue. Los Angeles, C litornia

21202 44308 37411 76705 90008

Assistant Vice Presidents Eastern — George L. Van Amson Midwestern — Steven L. Jones Southern — Leonard C. Johnson Western — Cecil A. Collins Southwestern — Bruce Ruffin

534 West 114th St., New York. N.Y. 1401 Mt. Vernon Dr.. Bloomington, III. Johnson C. Smith University, Charlotte. N. C. 18514 57th Ave.. Seattle. Washington 408 North Washington. Stillwater. Okla.

10027 61601 28208 98155 74074

Committee Chairmen Educational Activities — Herman B. Smith, Jr., 3380 Sewell Rd. S.W.. Atlanta. Ga. Building-Housing Fdtn. — J. L. Hunt 3435 Harding Blvd.. Baton Rouge. La. 70807 Constitution — John D. Buckner 4246 W. North Market Street. St. Louis, Missouri 63113 Rules and Credentials — Henry M. Collier. Jr., M.D Collier Professional Bldg., Savannah. Ga. Standards & Extension — Leonard R. Ballou Eliza. City State Col. Elizabeth City, N. C. 27909 Election — Emmett W. Bashful 6400 Press Drive. New Orleans. Louisiana 70126 Budget S Finance — Chas. C. Teamer 2601 Gentilly Blvd.. New Orleans. La. 70122 Personnel — Meredith G. Ferguson 1701 21st Avenue. N. Nashvillee. Tenn. 37208 Publications — Moses General Miles 1329 Abraham Street, Tallahassee. Florida 32304 Publicity-Public Relations — Marcus Newstadter 2745 Prentiss Ave., New Orleans. La. 70122 Equitable Job Opportunity — L. H. Stanton 507 - 5th Ave., Suite 305, New York, N. Y. 10017


There goes a man of noble caste Whom hardship cannot break There goes a man in merit clad Whom duty won't forsake There goes a man in cultured verse Who holds a sportsman's creed There goes a man too vigilant To bow to lust or greed There goes a man whose life is spent in service not in scorn There goes a man whose majesty Shines like a May time

There goes a man who is a friend To love and duty truth There goes a man to help uplift The lives of wholesome youth There goes a man with industry and faith at his command. There goes the best man in and out For he is an Alpha Man.

New Jersey — Bro. Leon Sweeny Maryland — Connecticut — Bro. Otha N. Brown, Jr New York — B r o . Clarence Jacobs Pennsylvania — Bro. Frank E. Devine Massachusetts — Bro. James Howard Rhode Island — Bro. Ralph Allen

6 Norman Drive, Neptune, New Jersey 208 Flax Hill Road, Norwalk, Conn. 111-63 178th Place. St. Albans. N.Y. 6202 Washington. Philadelphia, Pa. 105 Greenwood St. Boston. Mass. 179 Doyle Ave., Providence, R.I.

M i d w e s t e r n Region Northern Illinois — Bro. Andre Bell 1501 Albion, Chicago, Illinois Eastern Illinois — Bro. William Ridgeway, Ph.D Dept. ol Zoology. Eastern III. Univ. Southern Illinois — Bro. Harold W. Thomas 6899 Lake Drive, East St. Louis. III. 62203 Indiana — Bro. William J. Bolden 3157 West 19th Street. Gary, Indiana Iowa — Bro. Everett A. Mays P. O. Box No. 533. Des Moines, Iowa Kansas — Bro. Elarry E. Mukes 3828 Laven Street, Wichita. Kansas 67208 Kentucky — Bro. Melvin Talbott 1863 Overlook Terrace, Louisville. Ky. 40205 Eastern Michigan — Bro. Robert J . Chillison. I l l 13836 John R. St., Highland Pk., Mich. Western Michigan — Bro. W. Wilbertorce Plummer, MD 654 Wealthy St., SE. Grand Rapids, Mich. Eastern Missouri — Bro. Clifton Bailey 3338 Aubert Ave.. St. Louis, Mo. 63115 Central Missouri — Bro. Carl Smith State Route 2. Lakeview Subdivision, Jeff. City., Mo. Western Missouri — Bro. Titus F t u m 108 Allen Hall. Lincoln Univ.. Jefferson City, Mo. Nabraska — Bro. Thomas A. P h i l i p s 5012 Ruggles Street. Omaha. Nebraska 68104 Northeast Ohio — Bro. Curtis Washington 151 Wheeler Street, Akron, Ohio 44311 Northwest Ohio — Bro. Robert Stubblefield 1340 W. Woodruff St., Toledo. Ohio 43606 Central Ohio — Bro. Oliver Sumlin 2724 Hoover Avenue. Dayton, Ohio 45407 Southeast Ohio — Bro. James Wright 1505 Franklin Park. So., Columbus. Ohio 43205 Southwest Ohio — Bro. Holloway Sells 135 Mary Lane, Cincinnati, Ohio West Virginia — Bro. J. A. Shelton P. O. Box No. 314, Welch, W. Va. Wisconsin — Bro. Hoyt Harper 5344 64th Street. Milwaukee. Wis. 53218 O k l a h o m a — B r o . Vernon L Foshee Louisiana — Bro. Chas. H. Finley Arkansas — Bro. T. E. Patterson Texas — Bro. Reby Cary Texas — Bro. Victor Smith Arkansas — Bro. M. L. Fridia Arkansas — Bro. George Howard At-Large — Bro. Paul Smith

Southwestern Region 725 Terrace Blvd., Muskogee, Oklahoma 501 E. Main Street. Lafayette. La. 70501 1624 W. 21st St., Little Rock, Arkansas 1804 Bunche Dr., Ft. Worth, Texas 2004 N. Adams, Amarillo, Texas 1200 Pulaski, Little Rock, Ark. 60 Watson Blvd., Pine Bluff. Ark. Ark. A and M College, Pine Bluff, Ark.

Southern Region At-Large — Brother Andrew J. Lewis II 2861 Engle Road NW, Atlanta, Ga. Alabama — Bro. Robert M. Clark 52 14th Court West. Birmingham. Ala. Florida — Bro. Robert L. Smith 431 Rosemary Ave.. West Palm Beach, Fla. Georgia — Bro. Matthew H. Dawson 793 Magna Carta Dr., Atlanta, Ga. Gulf Area — Brother John H. Montgomery 1103 Daphne Avenue, Daphne Ala. Mississippi — Brother John I, Hendricks, Jr Box 677. Alcorn College, Lorman Miss. North Carolina — Brother W. Sullivan 2405 Glenridge Court, Greensboro, N. C. South Carolina — Brother W. J. Davis Jr 4509 Williamsburg Drive, Columbia, S.C. Tennessee — Brother Zenoch G. Adams 1024 Kellow Street, Nashville, Tenn.

30318 35204 33401 30318 36527 39096 27405 29203 37208

Western Region 257 Kensington Way, San Francisco, Cal. 6550 E. 6th St.. Denver. Colo. 2118 So. Bagley St., I os Angeles, Cal. 2401 W. Cheery Lynn Rd.. Phoenix, Ariz. 520 W. 5th St., Stockton, Cal. 6531 Hopedale Ct.. San Diego. Cal. 941 E. Seneca St., Tucson, Ariz.

94127 80220 90034 85015 95206 92120 85719

Bay Area — Granvel Jackson Colorado Area — Laurence Ogletree Los Angeles Area — Clinton Minnis Phoenix-New Mexico — Wm. M. Corbin Sacramento-Stockton — C. W. Basfield San Diego Area — Samuel McElroy, Jr Tucson-Nev. — Felix L. Goodwin

Volume 59


Number 3

May-June 1973



J. HERBERT KING, Editor 4728 DREXEL BOULEVARD CHICAGO, ILLINOIS 60615 Contributing Editors

John D. Buckner, L H. Stanton, Charles Wesley, O. Wilson Winters, Laurence T. Young. PUBLIC RELATIONS Program

J. Herbert King Dick Campbell Louis Martin L. H. Stanton Bill Sims


Carlton Taylor Eddie L. Madison John Procope, Jr. Longworth Quinn Frank L. Stanley, Jr. Chairman

The Sphinx is the official magazine of the Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc., 4432 Dr. Martin Luther King Dr., Chicago, III., with editorial offices at 4728 Drexel Blvd., Chicago, III. 60615. Published four times a year: February, May, October and December. Address all editorial mail to 4728 Drexel Blvd., Chicago, III. 60615. Change of Address: Send both addresses to Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, 4432 Dr. Martin Luther King Drive, Chicago, III. Manuscripts or art submitted to The Sphinx should be accompained by addressed envelopes and return postage. Editor assumes no responsibility for return of unsolicited manuscripts or art. Opinions expressed in columns and articles do not necessarily reflect the views and policies of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc., and use of any person's name in fiction, semi-fiction articles or humorous features is to be regarded as a coincidence and not as the responsibility of The Sphinx. It is never done knowingly. Copyright 1970 by The Sphinx, Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc. Reproduction or use, without written permission, of the editorial or pictorial content in any manner is prohibited. The Sphinx has been published continuously since 1914. Organizing Editor: Bro. Raymond W. Cannon. Organizing General President: Bro. Henry Lake Dickason. Second class postage paid at Chicago, III. Postmaster: Send form 3579 and all correspondence, 4728 Drexel Blvd., Chicago, Illinois 6061$.

CONTENTS Policy Game Legal


Brother F. A. Kornegay


Gamma Mu


Brother Blanchet Retires


Iota Alpha Lambda


Brother Lawson and YMCA


Beta Beta Lambda


Memphis Alphas


Short Range Separatism


Excellence Teaching Award


Theta Nu Lambda


Omega Chapter


Brother Maynard Jackson


FEATURES The General President Speaks


The 67th Annual General Convention


Registered Conventioneers


Executive Secretary Designate


Alpha Workshop


Frat Fun


Brother John H. Johnson


Brother Dunbar S. McLaurin


Research, Art and Photo Credits: George Bing, J. H. Campbell, Robt. W. Cottrol, U. of Mich., Joel Fishman Greystone, Hal Franklin, Roy Lewis, Norman Hunter, Fitzhugh Dinkins, Manila News Ser., James Palmer, Porter Photo, Duke Ferguson, Basil O. Phillips, Harmon Perry, Tommy Sands, G. Marshall Wilson, Isaac Sutton and Herbert Temple.




General President Walter Washington THE GENERAL CONVENTION History was made at the New Orleans Convention in that there was a total of 2,103 persons registered including Alphas and their families. A goal of 3,000 had been set. This was the largest assembly at a General Convention in the history of Alpha Phi Alpha. The mere fact that we came together in large numbers reawakened in us the true spirit of brotherhood. The central theme that ran throughout the convention was rededication and a recommitment to the Fraternity. We were delighted to see six past General Presidents in attendance: Brothers Raymond W. Cannon; Ernest N. Morial; Belford V. Lawson, Jr.; Lionel H. Newsom; A. Maceo Smith and Charles H. Wesley. THE ALPHA NATIONAL PROGRAM The Alpha National Program was launched at the convention and in a very short period each brother will receive a copy of it with guidelines for implementation. Each chapter will make an effort to see that the program is implemented. Some chapters are presently carrying out many of the projects and they are urged to continue. We will present Phase II of the Alpha National Program in San Francisco, which will deal with the Outreach Program for Alpha. Any brother who has ideas he would like to see incorporated in the Outreach Program should send them to the General President at once. THE YEAR OF REDEDICATION AND RECLAMATION The New Orleans Convention opened a year-long process of rededication, reclamation and implementation of the National Program. Each chapter should make the implementation of the Alpha National Program its number one thrust for this year. Ten thousand brothers werer active with the Fraternity at the time of the New Orleans Convention. This is the largest number of paid members in the history of the Fraternity. We are out to reclaim 15,000 men over a two-year period and with the proper amount of effort and enthusiasm we can go to San Francisco with 20,000 paid members. PUBLIC RELATIONS Public Relations is important to the national image of the Fraternity. We are now in the process of reorganizing the public relations program of the Fraternity. It is our hope to place a person in each of the five regions as part of the public relations team. We need persons in television, radio and newspaper work. If any brother has a recommendation for said person in his region, please forword his name to the General President for consideration. THE EDUCATION FOUNDATION Alpha Phi Alpha welcomes Brother Herman B. Smith, Jr., 805 Peachtree St., N.E., Suite 577, Atlantic, Georgia 30308, as Director of Educational Activities, and, ipso facto, Chairman of the Education Foundation. Brother Smith comes from a background in college development and serves as Director of the Office for Advancement of Public Negro Colleges and brings to the Fraternity a wealth of experience in the field of education. In assuming his role as chairman he stated that one of the cornerstones of the Fraternity, from its conception, has been the promotion of educational endeavors and that the immediate goal of the Education Foundation is the initiation of a one millio dollar fund-raising program to be completed in five years, to be achieved largely through contribution by brothers of Alpha Phi Alpha. 2

f l l

PROCLAMATION As General President of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, I hereby proclaim the month of December, 1973, as "The Re-Reading of the Alpha Phi Alpha History Month." The history contains 23 chapters and 621 pages. It could be read by reading one chapter per day during the month of December. THE SAN FRANCISCO CONVENTION He have set a goal of 3,000 persons to be in attendance at the San Francisco Convention. Each chapter, state, ad region should begin now to make plans to be represented in large numbers at the convention. There should be at least three chartered flights from the Eastern Region, three from the Southern Region, three from the Midwestern Region and two from the Southwestern Region. There may be brothers who may want to take a cross country automobile trip across from San Francisco and tie it in with a vacation to Las Vegas. There must be a special effort made to get the brothers to San Francisco. PERSONAL EVALUATION During this year of rededication and reclamation each brother should take an inventory of himself. He should ask himself the following questions: Am I really committed to the philosophy of "servant of all?" Do I do all I can to really promote my chapter? Do I strive daily to be the best in my profession or on my job? Do I hold Alpha up before my son to be a worthy organization to which he can belong? Do I have definite goals in life and have I developed strategies by which I can reach these goals? Am I a shining example of what an Alpha man should be? Am I fair in my dealings with people? Is Alpha a way of life for me? Before I drove to New Orleans to attend the General Convention I composed these articles of rededication which were read after each major program at the convention. I would ask that each chapter read these articles of rededication at the end of each chapter meeting this year. REDEDICATION TO ALPHA PHI ALPHA FRATERNITY To the oncept of Fraternity, community, and brotherhood set forth in practice by Callis and Chapman; Kelley and Ogle; Jones, Murray anl Tandy, I rededicate myself To scholarship as a life-long involvement, I rededicate myself To manly deeds that give life its purpose and meaning, I rededicate myself To the principle of transcending all through service to all, I rededicate myself To that love of mankind that makes men human and causes them to respond to others for nothing in return, I rededicate myself To the responsibility for my own personal progress in my profession, career, or job, I rededicate myself To the respect and acceptance of all members of the Fraternity, whether they be college brothers or alumni brothers, I rededicate myself To the continuous participation in all levels of the Fraternity chapter, state, and national as a life-long endeavor, I rededicate myself To the future of a great Fraternity, Alpha Phi Alpha, that molds and makes great men, I dedicate myself. The Sphinx / October 1973


President Washington is shown reviewing the program with Past Presidents Belford V. Lawson and Charles H. Wesley, white brothers Sidney A. Jones, Jr. and Mai Goode, who was the banquet speaker — "A Piece of the Rock" — look on approvingly.

New Orleans — More than 2500 Alpha men and their families participated in the activities of the 67th anniversary convention of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, August 3-9, at the Fairmount Hotel. Brother Walter Washington, president of Alcorn A & M College, APA's 24th general president, presided over the convention and set its tempo at a key-note luncheon on Saturday, when he called upon his fellow brothers "to rededicate yourselves to the principles upon which our fraternity was founded — manly deeds, scholarship and love for all mankind. Such virtues are needed in today's world and instituted will be the solution to many of our problems, particularly those that are man-oriented."

Convention Comments by General President Washington The new "statistics of neglect" are at once striking and compelling, says Brother Walter Washington, "In the State of Louisiana where 46 per cent of the nonblack college age youth are enrolled in college, only about 25 per cent of their black counterparts are enrolled," said Brother Washington, who is also President of Alcorn A & M College. "In Georgia, the figures are even more striking, with only 16 per cent of the black college age youth attending college as compared with 50 per cent of non-blacks. Similar statistics are to be found in other states of the Southern region," he added. Statistics reveal a shortage of blacks being educated in the major professions. Blacks make up less than three per cent of the total number of persons in the engineering profession, for instance, and no more than two per cent of the current enrollment in engineering curricula today is black, cited Brother Washington. The Sphinx / October 1973

THE ALPHA PHI ALPHA, EDUCATION FOUNDATION, INC. Dr. Herman B. Smith of Atlanta, Ga. (center seated), chairman of the Alpha Phi Alpha Education Foundation, Inc., announced a new Million Dollar Fun-Raising Program at the 67th Anniversary Convention. He is shown with cother members of the Foundation: (L-R) seated: Levin Weiss, Detroit, Mich.; Bro. Smith, and William Rose Jr., Philadelphia, Pa. (Standing) Walter W. Sullivan, Jr., Greensboro, N. C, and JesseH. Sterling, Los Angeles, Calif. Members not shown are Dr. Montague Oliver, Gary, Ind.; Cleveland Bellow, Oakland, Calif.; Ivan Cotman, Detroit, Mich.; Albert Holland, New York City, and Laurence T. Young, Chicago, III.

ALPHA TOLD TO GET "i PIECE OF THE ROCI n By Mai Goode Brother Goode used as his subject — "A Piece of the Rock," and stressed that there is much yet to be done before "we can say there is any equitable sharing in the "Rock." If improvements are to come for the poor, the Black the Mexican, the Chicano, the Indian, the Puerto Rican . . . if these are to be raised to levels of decent living, we must fight for a greater share of the political "Rock." If Watergate has taught us nothing else, beyond how low and debased some Americans can be, it taught us that Power-Political and Financial — calls the shots in this nation." He concluded by saying that if the Blacks are to get a piece of the Rock, it will require the wise use of their vote and dollar bills. 3

67th ANNUAL GENERAL CONVENTION Mayor Evers Eyes Two-Party System for Strength Hon. Charles Evers, mayor of Fayette, Miss., speaking at the 67th Anniversary Convention, scored the idea of blacks pulling out of either the Democratic or Republican Parties. While conceding that fact that he feels that neither of the political parties has involved blacks to full extent, Evers said that he opposed the idea of blacks leaving to form their own political party "Blacks should be involved in both parties . . . We've been on the outside too long . . . The Democratic Party has been more vocal toward us than the Republican party, but when you get down to it, both have been negligent . . . " he said. Evers stated that he believed it would be best for blacks to band together within the two major parties. "That's where our future lies." Brothed Belford V. Lawson and General President Walter Washington congratulate Mayor Evers in reference to his speech.

Evers' statements came a week after the Democratic National Party held charter commission hearings in New Orleans. During those hearings local and state blacks charged that the party was "racist" and did not allow blacks full participation in the party. "We should be loose enough to go with the group that will benefit all of us," Evers said. "We blacks must get together and show our political muscle." Evers was honored for his leadership in the black community by the Alphas and was presented a plaque in recognition.

President Washington is showning reaching for the hand of Brother Herman B. Smith Jr., Director of the APA Education Foundation, to congratulate him on his report to the Convention. 4

Brother Hendricks, is shown giving brotherly advice to Brother Stephen Johnson,

Brother RaymondCannon, first editor ot the Sphinx chats with Brother Tolly Harris. The Sphinx / October 1973

67th Annual GENERAL CONVENTION Mrs. Levin Weiss is shown presenting a bouquet of roses to Mrs. Walter Washington during the Formal Banquet.

The ladies won prizes and posed for a picture.

Orchids and Roses were presented to the Alphabettes who chaired and served as hostesses. Mrs. Charles C. learner (center) was general chairman of Women's Activities. The Sphinx / October 1973

A convention highlight was the Anuual Banquet and following this event the President and Vice-Presidents and their wives, (left to right) Southern Vice-Pres. and Mrs. Bennie J. Harris; Western Vice-President and Mrs. Thadeaus H. Hobbs; Eastern Vice-President and Mrs. Charles P. Howard, Jr.; President and Mrs. Walter Washington; Midwestern Vice-President and Mrs. James R. Williams, and Southwestern Vice-President and Mrs. Robert M. King.

Mardi Gras Time In August 11



Samuel Higginbottom, President of Eastern Airlines, was the speaker for the Equitable Opportunity Luncheon. He is shown presenting a gift of a walking cane to President Washington.

Brother Andrew Young greets Brother Belford V. Lawson, past general president.

President Walter Washington presents the APA Award of Merit to Brother Eugene Jackson, President of the National Black Network, New York City.

Convention Happenings Job Interviews and Recruitment were held daily at Xavier University, where some 60 representatives of labor, industry, the professions and government interviewed college seniors, graduates and persons interested in changing jobs were done. Brother Stanton announced that several hundred students were interviewed. The Life Members Breakfast was held Tuesday morning and presided over by its chairman, Brother John Buckner of St. Louis, Mo. The following Alpha Life Membership Awards were made: "Most Outstanding Alumni Chapter," Delta Alpha Lambda, Cleveland, Ohio; "Most Outstanding College Chapter, Epsilon Psi, University of Missouri; "Most Outstanding Individual," "Brother Frederick L. Johnson, Miami, Fla., and Brother Elmer C. Collins, Cleveland, Ohio. A special award was presented to Brother O. Wilson Winters, Life Member Number One. He was inducted into the LMC when the conventions met in New Orleans in 1937. A panel headed by Brother Herbert T. Miller, executive administrator of the Council on Economic Development and Empowerment for Black People in Metropolitan New York City, stressed the need for APA like organizations to be concerned with every phase and facet of daily living. Dr. John G. Lewis, Jr. of Baton Rouge, grand master of Prince Hall Masonic Grand Lodge; Dr. William R. Adams, New Orleans, physician-surgeon; Brother Charles L. DeLay, New Orleans principal and president of Sigma Lambda, the host alumni chapter; Rudolph McLeod, business executive; R. A. Rochon, economist and Dr. Dr. Ambrose J. Pratt, New Orleans, physician and surgeon, were the panelists. 6

Assistant Vice Presidents, George L. VanAmson, Cecil Collins, Stephen Johnson and Leonard Johnson examine the program.

The Annual Report of the Sphinx is given by Brother J. Herbert King. The Sphinx / October 1973


President Washington is shown delivering the Keynote Address Address on Saturday at the Keynote Luncheon. (Seated l-r) Marcus Neustadter, Director of Public Relations; Charles C. learner, Comptroller; Albert Holland, Jr., General Counsel and Past General President Raymond Cannon.

Brother James O. Plinton, Vice-President, Eastern Airlines, congratulates Brother Charles P. Howard, Jr. (left), on his recent election as President-Elect of the National Bar Association, while Brother Walker, Executive-Secretary, designate looks on.

Among the Alpha conventioneers were six past general presidents. Heading the group was Dr. Charles H. Wesley of Washington, D. C , who presided over the '37 convention in New Orleans; Brother Belford V. Lawson, Jr., Washington, D. C ; Raymond Cannon of Los Angeles, California; Lionel Newsom, president of Central State University; A. Maceo Smith, Dallas, Tex., and Ernest N. Morial, the immediate past president. According to Brother Kermit Hall, Yeadon, Pa., conventions director, the New Orleans convention has set a new attendance record. 'This is the largest in our history. There is more than 2500 in attendance and New Orleans has proved to be a gracious host," he said.

Equitable Employment Luncheon Highlighting activities at the 67th anniversary convention of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity was the Equitable Opportunity Luncheon which was addressed by Mr. Samuel L. Higginbottom, president of Eastern Airlines, who reviewed the gains and progress that blacks have made in his company. While speaking he praised the work of Eastern's black vice-president Jim Plinton, a member of Alph Phi Alpha since 1934, and other minority employees. "Every American has a fair and equal chance, at Eastern, to get a good and responsible job, without restrictions, as to kind of job, suitable to his or her abilities and training," he said, while adding that at Eastern "we believe he or she should have the opportunity to advance on the merits of the work he does once he has that job." Mr. Higginbottom pointed out that Eastern is openminded and has invited minorities to serve on various advisory boards and employee groups. The Sphinx / October 1973

Dr. Walter Washington, President of Alcorn A&M College and general president of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc. is shown being greeted by Dr. Broadus N. Butler, President of Dillard University, and Charles C. Teamer (center), vice president of the university, and the fraternity's comptroller. Dillard University was the setting for a pre-convention meeting of the Board of Directors and Convention Officers during the 67th Anniversary Convention.

"Together they help Eastern match action to our intention as an equal opportunity employer, and we hope to receive and expect to benefit from suggestions for further involvement in black community affairs," he said. Following his address, General President Walter Washington, presented Mr. Higginbottom the Fraternity's Equal Opportunity Award for Easterns' equal opportunity employment policy. Brother L. H. Stanton of New York City, director of the Job Replacement and Recruitment program assisted in the presentation. 7


HON. CHARLES EVERS Honored for Leadership in the Black Community In making his remarks at the Alpha Phi Alpha convention here last Sunday, Fayette, Miss., mayor Charles Evers touched upon a topic that has been aired with increasing frequency in recent weeks: the need for blacks to become more fully involved in the two-party system. Historically, blacks have been loyal to either one party or the other, refraining from active and numbered participation in both at the same time. Following the Civil War it was the Republican Party, the party of Lincoln, and as the newly emancipated blacks saw it, the salvation of the slaves. With the resurgence of white political power during Reconstruction days, accompanied as it was by fierce racism and savage violence, blacks were literally forced into the Republican fold — those who were able to maintain their enfranchisement. Thus, the situation remained from the turn of the century until the early 1930's. But during those early days, a number of blacks rose to powerful positions in the Republicans Party. A few are Walter L. Cohen of Louisiana; Perry Howard of Mississippi and Bob Church of Tennessee. The tide turned in the early '30s during the administration of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt. Because of his innovative programs which tended to offset sufferings of the Great Depression, Roosevelt was regarded as the "savior of the poor." From that time, blacks along with the rest of the South have been staunchly Democrat. But now, with the dramatic inroads made by Southern Republicans since the mid-Sixties, the political make-up of the entire region is changing. These changes and their importance must not be lost on blacks, hence the recent two-party conversation. "Blacks should be involved in both parties . . ." Charles Evers told the Alpha gathering. "We've been on the outside too long . . . The Democratic Party has been more vocal toward us than the Republican Party, but when you get down to it, both have been negligent (toward blacks)." Evers' statements seemed to be in the same vein as those delivered to the National Urban League by Republican National Committee Chairman George Bush: that in order to attain its priority goals politically it is important for blacks to become involved in the workings of both parties. "I submit to you," Bush said, "with emphasis on jobs and higher education for blacks, and on the still valid thesis of black business ownership that now more than ever a twoparty system makes sense; not an old two-party system where all you say — 'I'm a Democrat, take me anyway you want, including take me for granted,' but a new two-party system where you work from within both parties for the changes you believe in or the programs you feel are essential." In the 1972 elections, a number of blacks in the South went Republican, actively supporting that party. Notably they were lohnny Ford, Mayor of Tuskegee, Ala., and Floyd McKissick of Soul City in South Carolina. The view they took was a pragmatic one, aimed at being able to deal politically from an extremely flexible position. 8

As George Bush put it: "If you do it the same old way — not even examining the heartbeat of another party in fifty diverse states, how can you expect to get called in when the election is over." The fact of the rising two party system in the South, we repeat, should not be lost on blacks. It is a reality that is of future importance, and well worthy of blacks weighing and considering, seriously, its implications. Echoing the sentiments of this Editorial was Congressman John Conyers, Jr. (D-Michigan), before the recent Kappa Alpha Psi Convention in Miami, who urged that Black fraternal organizations spearhead a drive for major reforms in both the Democratic and Republican parties. After reciting the present administration's systematic opposition to programs that would insure fundamental economic and political rights to all, Conyers outlined a strategy that would insure the full participation of Blacks in the higher councils of both major parties. The strategy consists of effecting a redistribution of power within the two major parties so that Blacks and other, traditionally excluded will henceforth participate fully as leaders, delegates and workers in both parties. He noted that the future of Black people in America will not be determined by organizations which translate into action their fraternal philosophy. This kind of action oriented philosophy will be the basis for the politics of liberation in the seventies that will materially improve the lives of all Americans. The fortunate members of any society have always been obliged to give leadership in the struggle for social justice, he noted, and history justice, he noted, and history has shown that where they have failed to provide leadership they have done so at their own peril. The Congressman did not confine his criticism to the administration: he criticized an indecisive Congress and its timid leadership which has contributed its share to the crisis inconfidence in which the government now finds itself. This timidity has encouraged the administration's dictatorial attitude and its encroachment upon the constitutional duties of the Congress, he asserted.

President Walter Washington is shown holding one of his many Convention Conferences with regional vice-presidents and assistant vice-presidents: (Seated - L-R): Stephen S. Johnson, Ass't Eastern Vice-Pres.; President Washington, and Leonard C. Johnson, Ass't Southern Vice-Pres. (Standing L-R) Thadeaus H. Hobbs, Western Vice-President; Bennie Harris, Southern VicePres.; Charles G. Lewis, Ass't Western Vice-Pres.; Robert M. King, Convention Host, Southwestern Vice-Pres., and James P. Williams, Midwestern Vice-Pres. The Sphinx / October 1973

67th Annual General Convention The Following Brothers Were Registered . . • (The list does not include the names of wives and visitors) Abernathy, Gary; Alpha Eta Lambda, Houston, TX Adam, Auther E; Delta Epsilon Lambda E. St. Louis. IL Adams, Richard L; Alpha Sigma Lambda, Dallas, TX Adams, Rodney H; Kappa, Columbus, OH Adams, William R; Eigma Lambda, New Orleans, LA Albert, Mitchell, Beta lota Lambda, Baton Rouge, LA Alexander, Albert V; Beta Eta Lambda, Okla. City, OK Alexander, Jethro; Alpha Delta Lambda, Memphis, TN Alexander, William M; Epsilon Lambda, St. Louis, MO Allen, Earl E; Beta Beta Lambda, Miami, FL Allen, George F; Beta Psi Lambda, Los Angeles, CA Anderson, Daniel S; Omicron Lambda Alpha, Wash., DC Anderson, Kenneth B; Theta Rho Lambda, Alex., VA Anderson, Melvin C; Sigma Lambda, New Orleans, LA Anderson, Mildrige; Beta Epsilon, Boley, OK Anderson, Robert S; Zeta Gamma Lambda, Langston, OK Anderson, Willie J ; Theta Nu Lambda, Manchester, GA Andrew. Leonard P; Gamma Lambda, Detroit, Ml Armstrong, Henry L; Delta Theta Lambda, Huntsville, AL Arrington, Terry L; Beta lota Lambda, Baton Rouge. LA Artis, Rudolph D; Kappa Lambda. Greensboro, NC Ashley, L. G; Beta Epsilon Lambda, Boley, O K Atwater, Fred D; Alpha Gamma Lambda, New York. NY Anthony, Jack A; Delta Theta Lambda, Huntsville, AL Andrews, Robert L; Beta lota Lambda, Baton Rouge, LA Bacon, Charles R; Zeta Delta Lambda. Springfield. OH Bagsby, James A; Beta Tau Lambda, Ft. Worth, TX Bailey, Daniel J ; Gamma lota Lambda, Brooklyn, NY Bailey, Clifton E; Epsilon Lambda, St. Louis. MO Baker, Syerenees W; Beta Beta Lambda, Miami, FL Ballard, Edward M; Beta Psi Lambda. Los Angeles, CA Ballou, John J ; Alpha Phi Lambda, Norfolk, VA Ballou, Leonard R; Epsilon Chi Lambda. Eliz. City, N.C. Banks, Charles; Rho Lambda, Buffalo, NY Banks, George (Dr.); Alpha Gamma Lambda, NY, NY Banks, John W; Beta lota Lambda, Baton Rouge, LA Barnes, Leonard; Delta Upsilon Lambda, Shreveport, LA Barrett, Edward W; Epsilon Eta Lambda Charleston MO Basfleld, Clifford W; Zeta Zeta Lambda, Stockton, CA Bass, Leonard C; Zeta Alpha Lambda Ft. Lauderdale, FL Battle, Huey J ; Nu Lambda, Petersburg, VA Bashful, Emmett W; Sigma Lambda, New Orleans, LA Beard, James E; Gamma Xi Lambda, Minneapolis, Minn. Beckford, Fowler D; Gamma Phi Lambda, Berkeley, CA Bedford, Charles S; Epsilon Tau, Milwaukee, Wis. Bell, Charles B; Sigma Lambda, New Orleans, PA Bell. Clarence E; Beta Eta Lambda, Okla. Cltv, Okla. Bellaire, Henry J ; Beta lota Lambda, Baton Rouge, LA Bellow, Arnold L; Delta Omicron, Oakland Calif. Bellow, Cleveland J ; Gamma Chi Lambda San Frsco. CA Bethune Robert A; Omicron Lambda, Birhimqam, Ala. Bolden, Melvon W; Alpha Gamma Lambda, NY, NY Bickham, Ronald; Epsilon Upsilon, St. Rose, LA Blackwell, Booker T; Delta Epsilon Lambda, E. St. L, IL Blanton, James B; Alpha Mu Lambda, Knoxville, Tenn. Bloom, Albert J ; Siqma Lambda, New Orleans, LA Bolden, William J ; Gamma Rho Lambda, Gary, Ind. Bolles, Charles A; Zeta Omicron Lambda, Phil., Penn. Bonner, Donald L; Alpha Eta Lambda, Houston. Tex. Booker, Walter M: Mu Lambda, Washington, DC Bastey, Louis K; Sigma, Boston, Mass. Boston, Cecil W; Delta Xi Lambda. O r l a n d o ^ F l a Bouise, Oscar A; Sigma Lambda. New Orleans, LA Bowden, H. J . C . Eta Lambda, Atlanta. Georgia Bowser, Percell R; Beta Nu Lambda, Charlotte, N.C. Boysaw, Harold; Xi Lambda, Chicago. III. Bradford. Leon; lota Lambda, Indianapolis, Ind. Bradford, William L: Alpha Lambda. Louisville, KY Branche. Henry C; Zeta Zeta Lambda. St. Albans. NY Byas. William E;: Alpha Gamma Lambda, New York City Braud. JoseDh; Siama Lambda, New Orleans. LA Brazelton, Hinton T; Zeta Zeta Lambda. St. Albans, NY Brazil, Ozel C; Delta Zeta, Syracuse, NY Breda. William B; Beta lota Lambda. Baton Rouge. LA Broaddus, Charles A; Rho, Philadelphia. Penn. Broaddus, S. E; Alpha Lambda, Louisville, Ky Brookins. Martin G; Beta Sigma Lambda, Hartford, Conn Brooks, Cleveland: Delta Alpha Lambda, Shaker Ht., OH Brown, Daniel L; Theta Rho Lambda, Arlington, Va. Brown, George H; Alpha Gamma Lambda, Memphis T N Brown, George W. C; Aloha Phi Lambda, Norfolk, VA Brown, Henry J ; Alpha Rho Lambda. Houston. Tex. Brown, John A; fota Tau Lambda. Charlotte. VA Brown, Joseph: Delta Zeta, Syracuse, New York Brown, Julian C; Psi Lambda. Chattooga Tenn. Brown, LeRoy O; Beta Psi Lambda, Los Anqeles, CA Brown, Lucius L; Beta Omicron Lambda, Mobile, Ala. Brown, Marvin S; Zeta Mu, Atlanta. Georgia Brown, Nowland H; Epsilon Lambda, St. Louis, MO Brown, Otha N; Zeta Phi Lambda. Norwalk, Corin. Brown, Ralph; Gamma Alpha Lambda, Charlottsvllle. VA Brown, Thaddeus; Gamma Chi Lambda, San Frsco. CA Brunson. Warren J : Epsilon Lambda. St. Louis. MO Bryant. Willie L; Eta Chi Lambda. Peekshire. NY Bryant. William C: Alpha XI Lambda, Toledo, Ohio Buck, Robert T; Epsilon Lambda, St. Louis, MO

The Sphinx / October 1973

Brother Washington congratulates Brother Walter Mortal, local chairman.

Buckner, John D; Epsilon Lambda, St. Louis, M O Buffington, Ernest L; Psi Lambda, Chattanooga, Tenn. Buford, Jimmie L; Beta Lambda, Kansas City MO K Bullock, Charles O; Beta Epsilon Lambda, Okmulgee, OK Bullock, Charles O; Beta Eta Lambda, Okla .City, Okla. Bonton, Larry D; Eta Epsilon, Denton, Texas Burgess, Dwight; Omicron Lambda, Birmingham Ala. Burke, Lewis H; Theta Sigma Lambda, Lorman, Miss. Burke, Thomas C; Rho, Philadelphia, Penn. Burnham, George H; Pi Lambda, Little Rock, Ark. Burns, Joe R; Alpha Tau Lambda, Tusla, OK Burns, Leonard L; Sigma Lambda, New Orleans, LA Burns, Samuel A; Alpha Tau Lambda, Tulsa, OK Burns, Stanley C; Delta Epsilon Lambda, E. St. L., III. Burrus, Arnell; Alpha Phi Lambda, Chesapeake VA Bussey, McCray; Zeta lota Lambda, Trenton, N J Butler, Adron B; Kappa Beta Lambda, Schenectady, NY Butler, Irving L; Xi Lambda, Chicago, III. Butler, Philander; Omicron Lambda, Birmingham, Ala. Butts, James R; Beta Theta Lambda, Durham, N.C. Byrd, Edward L; Gen. Organization, Chicago, III. Byrd, Edwin R; Beta Lambda, Kansas City, MO Byrd, William H; Alpha Phi, Atlanta, Georgia Cabiness, Riley; Beta Nu Lambda, Charlotte, N.C. c Cage, Calvin; Gamma Alpha Lambda, Charlottesville, NC s Calbert, Wayne F; Alpha Epsilon Lambda, Jackson, Miss. Caldwell, Lewis A. H; Xi Lambda, Chicago, III. Callahan, Eddie L; Alpha Nu Lambda, Tuskegee, Ala. Cannon, James F; Gamma Tau, Holbrook, Mass. Cannon, Raymond W; Gamma Xi Lambda, L A, Calif. Caraway, Ernest V; Alpha Delta, L A, Calif. Cargill, Otis; Delta Gamma Lambda, Cincinnati, OH Garlow, Gregory; Epsilon lota. Austin, Texas x Carreathers, Raymond E; Epsilon Tau Lambda, P. V., TX Carson, Wallace B: Delta Epsilon Lambda, E. St. L., Ml. Carter, Claude N; Zeta Lambda, Hampton, VA Carter, Emanuel M; Beta Omicron Lambda Mobile, Ala. *• Carter, Robert; Epsilon Delta Lambda, Talladega Col, Aj !l:. ,K Cartwriqht, Roscoe C; Alpha Tau Lambda, Tulsa, OK Cary, Reby; Beta Tau Lambda, Ft. Worth, Texas , Cato. Jimmy E; Gamma Phi Lambda, Oakland, Cal. V110 Chadwell, John H; Alpha Xi Lambda, Toledo, Ohio Chagois, Vivian E; Alpha Eta Lambda, Houston, Texas Chandler, Wayne C; Beta Epsilon, Boley, Okla. Chatman, Luke H; Gamma Gamma Lambda, Grville, NC Chatman, P. Vernon; Gamma Rho Lambda, Gary, Ind. Childress, Dalton M; Alpha Lambda, Louisville, KY Churchwell, Rudolph A; Zeta Beta, Pontiac, M i c h . Clark, John T; XI Lambda, Chicago, III. Clark, Larry E; Beta Beta Lambda, Miami, Fla. Clark, Lester; Zeta Gamma Lambda, Langston, Okla. Clark, Willie M; Delta Theta Lambda, Huntsville, Ala. Clarke, Ferdinand; Zeta Delta Lambda, Springfield, OH Clarke, W. Decker; Zeta Phi Lambda, Stamford, Conn. Clarke. William P; Alpha Phi Lambda, Norfolk, VA Clay, C. Vernon; Beta Phi Lambda, Savannah, Georgia Clay, Z. C; Eta Lambda. Atlanta, Georgia Clement, Enos C; Zeta Omicron Lambda, Phila., Penn. d e m o n s , Clifford R; Zeta Zeta Lambda, Queens VII., NY Y Cochrance, McKlnley A; Beta Nu Lambda, Charlotte, NC C

Cohen, Rudolph R; Eta Lambda, Atlanta, Georgia Cole, Calude L; Alpha Eta Lambda, Houston, Texas Cole, James E; Beta Gamma Lambda, Richmond, VA Cole, Kenneth O; Alpha Delta Lambda, Memphis, Tenn. Coleman, Carter E; Eta Lambda, Atlanta, Georgia Coleman, Fredericus; Beta Lambda, Kansas City, M O Coleman, James L; Xi Lambda, Chicago, III. Coleman, Jennings, Zeta Alpha Lambda, Ft. L'dale., Fla. Coleman, Joseph C; Eta Lambda, Atlanta, Georgia Coleman, Thomas N; Zeta Zeta Lambda, St. Albans, NY Collier, Henry M; Beta Phi Lambda, Savannah, GA Collins, Cecil A; Alpha Xi, Seattle, Washington Collins, Elmer C; Delta Alpha Lambda, Cleveland, OH Collins, Robert; Sigma Lambda, New Orleans, LA Collins. Theodore N; Zeta Zeta Lambda, St. Albans, NY Combs, Sylvester L; Beta Epsilon Lambda, Stillwater, OK Conely, oran; Gamma Chi Lambda, San Francisco, CA Cook, Preston T; Alpha Eta Lambda, Houston, Texas Cooper, Arthur B; Eta Tau. Chicago, III. Cooper, Howard; Gamma Theta Lambda, Wilmington, Del. Cooper, Philip; Alpha Eta Lambda, Houston, Texas Corbin, William M; Delta Tau Lambda, Phoenix, AZ Cotton, Harold E; Gamma Phi Lambda, Oakland, Calif. Craig. Columbus, lota Nu Lambda, Fresno, Calif. Crawford, Henry C; Delta Alpha Lambda, Euclid, Ohio Crawford, James W; Pi Lambda, Little Rock, Ark. Crenshaw, Thomas J ; Beta Omicron Lambda, M'ble, Ala. Croom, James W; Delta Epsilon Lambda, E. St. Lo., III. Crosby, A.D.V.; Alpha Rho Lambda, Columbus, Ohio Crosby, Daniel B; Beta Sigma Lambda, Hartford, Conn. Cross, Charles; Delta Gamma Lambda, C l n c l n n a t i . O h l o Cryer L. T; lota Pi Lambda, Miami, Fla. Cullins, Med D; lota Omicron Lambda, Birmingham, Ala. Cundieff, John A; Alpha Omicron Lambda, Ps'burgh, PA Curington, George C; Alpha PI, Louisville, KY Cutbert, Charles H; Epsilon Gamma Lambda, M'pee, MS Daniels, Lawler P; Sigma Lambda, New Orleans, LA Daniels, Leroy; Delta Theta Lambda, Huntsville, Ala. Davles, Everett; Nu Lambda, Petersburg, Virginia Davis, Billy H; Beta Beta Lambda, Miami, Fla. Daniel, David; Xi Lambda, Chicago, III. Davis, C. Anderson; Alpha Zeta Lambda, Bluefield, W.Va Devine, Frank E; Zeta Omicron Lambda, Phila., Penn. Devine. John; Xi Lambda. Chicago, III. DeWitt, James; Gamma Phi Lambda. O a k l a n d , Calif. DeWitty, Delbert O; Delta Eta Lambda, Topeka, Kan. Dickerson, W i l l a r d ; Gamma Pi Lambda, Galveston, TX Dillard, Porter C; Gamma Lambda, Detroit, Mich. Dillon, Harold B; Alpha Xi Lambda, Toledo, Ohio Dillon, Joseph L; Zeta Phi, Itta Bena, Miss. Dodd, Herbert; Eta Lambda, Atlanta, Georgia Doubley, Warren D; Alpha XI, Seattle, Wash. Douglas, Daniel D; Alpha Phi Lambda, Chesapeake, VA Dumas, Willard L; Sigma Lambda, New Orleans, LA Dumas, Willard L.. Jr; Sigma Lambda, New Orleans, LA Dunbar, Harry B; Eta Chi Lambda, West Nyack, NY Duncan, Otto W; Epsilon Epsilon Lambda, Waco, TX Duncan, Robert B; Zeta Zeta Lambda, St. Albans, NY Dunlap, George T; Beta Nu Lambda, Charolette, NC Dupre, Emilio; Sigma Lambda, New Orleans, LA Durgan, Andrew j ; Delta PI Lambda, Selma, Ala Durrant. R. Allan; Rho, Philadelphia, Penn. Davis. James Jr; Zeta lota Lambda, Trenton, New Jersey Davis, James A; Alpha XI, Seattle, Wash. Davis, Jimmy N: Pi Lambda, Milwaukee, Wis. Davis. Rufus W: Epsilon Delta, Cleveland, Ohio Davis, Samuel W; Beta Psi Lambda, Los Anqeles, Cal. Davis, W. J ; Alpha Psi Lambda, Columbia, S.C. Dawson, Matthew H; Eta lambda, Atlanta, Georgia Day. Frederick W: Alpha Gamma Lambda. NY, NY Day, Hatcher A; Delta Alpha Lambda, Cleveland, OH Day, Josper, W; Alpha Chi. Nashville, Tenn. Dease, William K; Alpha Epsilon Lambda, Jackson, MS Dedmond, Frederick, Delta Lambda, Baltimore, MD Dees, Earnest; Delta Theta Lambda, Huntsville, Ala. Dee, Frank A; Mu Lambda, Washington, DC Deloie, C. C; Sigma Lambda, New Orleans, LA DeLane, Charles E; lota Zeta Lambda. Los Angeles, Cal. DeLay, Charles L; Siqma Lambda, New Orleans, LA Leloach, William A; Beta Sigma Lambda, Rocky Hill, CO Detiege, Rudolph J ; Sigma Lambda, New Orleans, LA Earvin, Larry L; Eta Lambda, Atlanta, Georgia East, James H; Zeta O m ' C r o n Lambda. Phila., Penn. Edwards, W i l l a r d ; Beta Eta Lambda, Okla City, Okla. Edwards, William E; Alpha Rho. Atlanta, Georgia Elliott, J . Russell: XI Lambda, Chicago, III. Ellis, Francis E; Tau Zeta Lambda, Ann Arbor, Mich. Ellis, George; Zeta Kappa. El Paso. Texas Embry, Thomas S; Alpha Rho Lambda, Columbus. Ohio English, Bobby G; Alpha Eta Lambda, Houston, Texas Evans, John W; Gamma Lambda, Oetrolt, M i c h . Evans, Jon L; Gamma Rho Lambda, Gary, Ind. Evans, Louis A; Epsilon Lambda, S.t Louis, MO Evans, Louie G; Delta Alpha Lambda. Berea, Ohio Evans, Richard A; Delta Theta Lambda, Huntsville, Ala. Ewell, Clarence W; Beta Beta Lambda, Coral Gables, Fl.


67th Annual General Convention

Brothers even enjoyed the speeches.

The Equal Employment Luncheon.

WE WERE THERE! Fairfax, Augustin E; Zeta Beta Lambda, Sacramento, CA Faison, Robert T; Kappa Epsilon Lambda, Seat PI', MD Falconer, Roland; Delta Epsilon Lambda, E. St. Lo., IL Farrington, Jack N; Zeta Zeta Lambda, Long Island, NY Feagins, James E; Delta Theta Lambda, Huntsville, Ala. Feaster, William D; Pi Lambda, Arkadelphia, Ark. Ferguson, Meredith G; Tau Lambda, Nashville, TN Finch, Arthur E; Beta Kappa, Lawton, Okla. Firming, Albert L; — New York City Fisher, Murphy F; lota XI Lambda, Opelousa. LA Floyd, Dwight, Epsilon, Detroit, Michigan Fonteneau, Alfred; Alpha Eta Lambda, Houston, Texas Fontenot, Louis, Alpha Eta Lambda, Houston, Texas Forde, Samuel; Beta Beta Lambda, Miami, Fla. Forshee, Vernon L;Beta Chi Lambda, Muskogee, Okla. Foster, Emerson L; lota Lambda, Indpls., Ind. Fouche, Wilburn H; Theta Sigma Lambda, Lorman, Miss. Francis, Eddie L; Alpha Rho Lambda, Columbus, Ohio Frank, Jerome; Upsilon, Lawrence, Kans. Franklin, William H; Alpha Tau Lambda, Tulsa, Okla. Frazier, Phillip, Epsilon Mu, Los Angeles, Calif. Frazier, Vanley; Gamma Omicron, Knoxville, Tenn. Freeman, Shelby T., Jr; Epsilon Lambda, St. Louis, M O Frilot, Vernon W; Sigma Lambda, New Orleans, LA Frye, Walter O; Gamma Mu, So. Pine, N.C. Fusilier, Harry, Eta Gamma Lambda, Crowley, LA Galvin, Alx; Alpha, Ithaca, NY Gardner, Frank F; Gamma Phi Lambda, El Cerrlta, Cal. Garrett, L. W; Gamma Upsilon Lambda, Marshall, TX Gay, Arunious; Zeta Beta Lambda, Sacramento, Calif. Gayles, Franklin J ; Beta Gamma Lambda, Richmond, VA Gentry, Thomas L; Epsilon Lambda, St. Louis, MO George, Lawrence C; Epsilon Psi, Rolla, MO Germany, Jeff; Omicron Lambda, Birmingham, Ala. Gibbs, George F; Gamma Rho Lambda, E. Chicago, Ind. Gillem, Henry G., Sr; Theta Rho Lambda, Arlington, VA Goldston, Nathaniel; Beta Zeta Lambda, Columbia, MO Goode, Malvin R; Alpha Gamma Lambda, Teaneck, NJ Gooden, Allen Jr; lota Tau Lambda, Buckingham, VA Goodwin, Felix; Eta Psi Lambda, Tucson, ZA Goodwin, Jesse F; Gamma Lambda, Detroit, Mich. Gordon, Leon; Omicron Lambda Alpha, Wash., DC Gosler, Wilson E; Gamma Sigma Lambda, Ft. Valley, GA Graham, Wayne; Alpha Xi Lambda, Toledo, Ohio Granger. Milton; Sigma Lambda, New Orleans, LA Grant, Tylus A; Zeta Alpha Lambda, Ft; Lauderdale, Fla. Green, James; Alpha, Ithaca, New York Green, Larry; Xi Lambda, Chicago, III. Green, William A; Beta Gamma Lambda, Richmond, VA Green, Willie E; Alpha XI Lambda, Toledo, Ohio Greene, J . Griffen; Beta Delta Lambda, Daytona Bch., FL Greene, Tyrone C; Pi Lambda, Little Rock, Ark. Greene, W. J ; Alpha Gamma Lambda, New York, NY Gregory, Roger R; Zeta Zeta Lambda, Brooklyn, . . W Grier, David L; Beta Nu Lambda, Charlotte, N.C. Griffith, Huie L; Xi Lambda, Chicago, I I I . Grimes, E. Broderick; Alpha Mu, Evanston, III. Grimes. Robert E; Xi Lambda, Chicago, III. Gueringer, George; Sigma Lambda, New Orleans, LA Gunnell, Joseph C; Epsilon Lambda, St. Louis, MO Hackett, B. McKinley; Epsilon Gamma Lambda, Wltm, MA Hackett, O b ' a ; Alpha Epsilon Lambda, Jackson, Miss. Hailey, George; Delta Psi Lambda, Denver, Colo. Hairston, Howard; Alpha Omicron Lambda, Pittsbgh., PA Hall, Fred D; Sigma Lambda, New Orleans, LA Hall, Frederick D; Epsilon Kappa Lambda, Grmblng., LA Hall, Ira D; Beta Eta Lambda, Okla City, Okla. Halstead, Clarence P; Theta Rho Lambda, Arlington, VA


Hamilton, William J ; Epsilon Lambda, St. Louis, MO Handy, Richard A; Beta Phi Lambda, Savannah, GA Hanson, John E; Zeta Chi, Arlington, Texas Harden, Percy L; Eta Lambda, Atlanta, Georgia Hardin, Jesse, Sigma Lambda, New Orleans, LA Hardy, Larry D; Alpha Phi, Atlanta, Georgia Hargis, John W; Zeta Phi Lambda, New Canaan,, Conn. Harman, Clarence H; Zeta Delta Lambda, Springfield, OH Harper. Artis; Gamma Phi, Tuskegee, Ala. Harper, Hoyt H; Delta Chi Lambda, Milwauke, Wis. Harrell, Charles H; lota Chi Lambda, Saginaw, Mich. Harris, Don N; Theta Psi Lambda, Somerset, NJ Harris, George A; Eta Lambda, Atlanta, Georgia Harris, George; lota Tau Lambda, Charlotte, VA Harris, Leon N; Epsilon lota Lambda, Holland, VA Harris, Ottawa; Delta Psi Lambda, Denver, Colo. Harris, Tolly W; Beta Psi Lambda, Los Angeles, Calif. Harrison, James B; Alpha Eta Lambda, Houston, TX Harrison, Robert C; Delta Theta Lambda, Huntsville, Ala. Hart, Samuel; Epsilon Beta Lambda, Macon, Georgia Harvey, John A; Mu Lambda, Silver Spring, Md. Harvey, Martin L; Beta lota Lambda, Baton Rouge, LA Harvey, Robert L; Eta Lambda, Atlanta, Georgia Hatchel, Robert E; lota Upsilon Lambda, Silv. Spng., Md. Hatchett, Morris M; Epsilon Lambda, St. Louis, MO Hawkins, Albert I I I ; Epsilon lito, Austin, Texas Hawkins, Wm. F., J r . q ; Pi Lambda, Arkadelphia, Ark. Haydel, C. C; Sigma Lambda, New Orleans, LA Haynes, Edwin L; Mu Lambda, Washington, D.C. Haynes, Worth E; Theta Sigma Lambda, Utica, Miss. Hazeur, August; Gamma Theta Lambda, Wilmington, Del. Hazeur, Clement; Beta Omicron Lambda, Mobile, Ala. Headley, Eric W; Zeta Zeta Lambda, Roosevelt, NY Henderson, Cornelius L; Gamma Lambda. Detroit, Ml Henderson, William A; Epsilon Lambda, St. Louis, M O Henderson, William G; Beta Eta Lambda, Okla, Cty., OK Henry, Forest T., Jr; Alpha Eta Lambda, Houston, TX Herbert, Pames B; Tlpha Gamma Lambda, New York, NY Herring, Wray; Zeta Lambda, Hampton, VA Herron, Vernon M; Zeta Omicron Lambda, Kng of Pr., PA Higgins, Julius E; Delta Epsilon Lambda. E. St. Lo., III. Higgs, George E; Epsilon Tau Lambda, Prairie View, TX Hill, E. O; Alpha Mu Lambda, Knoxville, Tenn. Hill, Ramon C; Epsilon Lambda, E. St. Louis., III. Hill, Walter R; Alpha Rho Lambda, Columbus, OH Hill, William J ; Xi Lambda, Chicago, III. Hilton, Kenneth V; lota Alpha Lambda, Aebrdeen. Md. Hines, Charles M; Gamma Eta Lambda, Austin, Texas Hinson, Dennis H; Sigma, Boston, Mass. Hoggard, Philip P; Rho, Philadelphia, Penn. Holiday, Newton; Tau Lambda, Nashville, Tenn. Holmes, Jerry; Eta Epsilon, Denton, Texas Holmes, Wendell; Upsilon Lambda, Jacksonville, Fla. Holton, Tommie; Sigma Lambda, New Orleans, LA Hood, Calvin A; Beta Nu Lambda, Charlotte, N.C. Hooper, Richard L; Xi Lambda, Chicago, III. Hoover, Dewey A; lota Lambda, Terre Haute, Ind. Horner, Thomas L; lota Lambda, Indpl., Ind. House, C. C; Mu Lambda, Washington, DC Howard, J . Bernard; Alpha Phi Lambda, Norfolk, VA Hubly, Clifford L; Zeta Alpha, Kansas City, MO Hudson, Kenneth M; Beta Eta Lambda, Okla City, Okla. Huey-you. Michael; Alpha Delta, Los Angeles, Calif. Hughes, Robert L; Beta Lambda, Kansas City, Kans. Humphries, Leroy; Epsilon Kappa Lambda, Grambling, LA Hunigan, Curtis A; Mu Lambda, Washington, DC Hunt, James L; Beta lota Lambda, Baton Rouge, LA Hunt. Thomas R; Eta Eta Lambda, Annapolis, Md. Hnuter, Charles; Omicron Lambda, Birmingham, Ala. Hunter, William O; Gamma Chi Lambda, San Frsco., CA Huntchlnson, Ernest, Theta, Chicago, III.

Ina, James; Eta Gamma Lambda, Franklin, LA Ingram. D. I; Alpha Eta Lambda, Houston, TX Irons, Roy L; Gamma Upsilon, Iowa City, Iowa Jackson, Eugene D; Alpha Gamma Lambda N Y NY Jackson, Grandvel A; Gamma Chi Lambda, San Fsco CA Jackson, ames E; Alpha Psi Lambda, Columbia S C ' Jackson, Rogernald; Gamma Phi Lambda, Oakland CA Jackson, Rogernald D; Alpha Epsilon, Oakland CA Jackson, Rogers K; Alpha Pi, Louisville, KY Jackson, Tommy; Beta Chi Lambda, Muskogee, Okla Jacobs, Billy; Theta Mu, Henderson, Texas acobs, Clarence E; Zeta Zeta Lambda, St. Albans NY Jacox, Robert F; — E. St. Louis Illinois ameson, John W., I l l ; Delta Eta, Savannah, Ga James, Allix B; Gamma, Richmond, VA James, B. C; Zeta Mu Lambda, Gulfport, Miss. James, John A; Alpha Xi Lambda, Detroit, Mich James, Lee B; Gamma Lambda, Detroit, Mich. amison, Thurston E; Delta Alpha Lambda, Euclid OH Jeffries, LeRoy W; Beta Psi Lambda, Los Angeles, CA Jenkins, Leon; lota Omicron Lambda, Colo. Spngs Colo Jenkins, Rudy; Beta Chi Lambda, Muskogee Okla' Jeter, Clifton B; Beta Gamma Lambda, Richmond VA Johnson, Al W; Theta Sigma Lambda, Jorman, Miss Johnson, Allen M; lota Theta Lambda, Endwell NY Johnson, Allen; Epsilon Beta, Fresno, Calif. ohnson, Charles A; Xi Lambda, Chicago III Johnson, Charles H; Eta Delta Lambda, Monroe, LA Johnson, Chester A; Sigma Lambda, New Orleans LA Johnson, Clifford; Zeta Pi Lambda, Bothell, W a s h ' Johnson, Edward; Eta Lambda, Atlanta, GA Johnson, Fred S. A; Zeta Omicron Lambda, Phil PA Johnson, Frederick L; Beta Beta Lambda, Miami,' Fla Johnson, Henry; Sigma Lambda, Nek Orleans LA Johnson, Herbert C; Rho Phildelphia, PA Johnson, James R; Beta Chi Lambda, Muskogee, Okla ohnson, Leonard C; Alpha Omicron, Charlotte, N C Johnson, Matthew U; Gamma Xi Lambda, Gldn., Vly MN Johnson, Roosevelt; Alpha Sigma Lambda, Dallas TV Johnson, Rufus A; Delta Psi Lambda, Denver, Colo Johnson, Sidney; XI Lambda, Chicago, III. Johnson, Stephen S; Sigma, Boston, Mass Johnson. Terrie B; Delta Eta, Savannah, GA Johnson, Timothy; Gamma Lambda, Detroit, Mich Johnson, Wallace C; Beta Eta Lambda, Okla City, O k l a Johnson, Wallace; Zeta Pi Lambda, Seattle, Wash. Johnson, Whitney; Alpha Eta Lambda, Houston, TX ohnson, William; Theta Lambda, Dayton, Ohio Johnston, Benjamin; Rho, Philadelphia, Penn Jones, Robert L; Eta Lambda, Atlanta. GA Jones, Billy; Delta Epsilon Lambda, E. St. Louis, MO Jones, Charles A; Gamma Tau Lambda, Beaumont, TX ones, Clifton; Delta Lambda, Baltimore. Md. Jones, Edward N; Delta Beta Lambda. Hampton, VA Jones, Glenn D; Alpha Rho Lambda, Columbus, Ohio Jones, Harold; Gamma Phi Lambda, Berkeley, Calif. Jones, Herman T; Epsilon Tau Lambda, Prairie View, TX Jones, Kenneth L; Gamma Alpha Lambda, Staunton, VA Jones, Kirkland C; Gamma Tau Lambda, Beaumont, TX Jones, Kenneth L; Alpha Mu, Evanston III Jones, Lewis A; Beta Nu, Arlington, VA Jones, Noble L; Zeta Zeta Lambda, St. Albans, NY Jones, Reed; Gamma Tau Lambda, Beaumont, TX Jules, Henry E; lota Nu Lambda, Fresno, Calif. Jones, Sidney A; XI Lambda, Chicago, III. ones, Walter T; Delta Beta Lambda, Hampton, VA Jones, Willie E; Theta, Chicago, III. Jordan, Jack; Sigma Lambda. New Orleans. LA Jordan, Thomas J ; Zeta Zeta Lambda, Jamaica, NY Joshua. James P; Gamma Phi Lambda, Oakland, Calif. Jowers, B.R; Delta Phi Lambda, Demopolis, Ala.

The Sphinx / October 1973

67th Annual General Convention

All brothers and guests did not wear costumes, but they had fun at the Costume Ball.

Mrs Laurence Young and other Alpha wives seem pleased at the "Women Happenings."

WE WERE THERE! Keels, Charles L; Zeta Omicron Lambda, Phil., Penn. Keene, Robert L; Sigma, Brighton, Mass. Kelsey, Albert B; Zeta Zeta Lambda, St. Albans, NY Keyes, Elliot J ; Sigma Lambda, New Orleans, LA Kenney, Roy W; Delta Epsilon Lambda, E. St. Louis, IL Kinamo, Hodari; Beta Psi Lambda, Las Vegas, Nevada King, Ariel R; Epsilon Lambda, St. Louis, MO King, J . Herbert; Xi Lambda, Chicago, III. King, Walter D; Sigma Lambda, New Orleans, LA King, William E; Beta Gamma Lambda, Richard, VA Kirkpatrick, Perry R; Beta Lambda, Kansas City, MO Knight, Alfred D; Zeta Beta. Detroit, Mich. Knight, H. G. (Rev.); Beta Gamma Lambda, Rchmnd., VA Knox, A l l e n ; Xi Lambda, Chicago, IL Koeller, Rudolph P; Bamma Theta Lambda, Wilgtn., Del. Lambeth, John L; Rho, Wash., DC Lamothe, I. J . (Dr.); Gamma Upsilon Lambda, Mrshl, TX Lampkin, Benjamin; Zeta Alpha Lambda, Ft. Lud'dle., Fla. Lancaster, O'iver W; Rho, Philadelphia, Penn. Landers, Herman W; Gamma Mu Lambda, Tallahss., Fla. Lange, Michael F; Delta Omicron, Oakland, Calif. Langford, Charles D; Alpha Upsilon Lambda, Mtgmry, AL Langford, Elijah; Delta Epsilon Lambda, E. St. Louis, III. Lankford, Richard E; Gamma Phi Lambda, Berkeley, CA Lansey, E. Gaines; Delta Lambda, Greenbrit, Md. Larke, Bert M; Alpha Lambda, Louisville, Ky. Lee, Forrester A; Gamma Theta Lambda. Claymont, Del. Lee, Malcolm H; Xi Lambda, Chicago, III. Lewis, Daniel W; Beta Lambda, Kansas City, KS Lewis, A. J ; Eta Lambda, Atlanta, GA Lewis, John G; Beta lota Lambda, Baton Rouge, LA Lewis, Robert L; Eta Lambda, Atlanta, GA Liggins, Bennie W; Beta Psi Lambda, Los Angeles, CA Lindsey, Willie E. Jr; Alpha Delta Lambda, Memphis, TN Livingston, Roland E; Theta Psi Lambda, Trenton, NJ Lockridge, Tanzy B; Beta Chi Lambda, Boynton, Okla. Long, Herman; Gamma Phi. Oakland, Calif. Long, John R; Theta Lambda, Dayton, Ohio Lowe, Edward C; Alpha Upsilon Lambda, Mtgmry, Ala. Lucas, Earl V; Delta Chi Lambda, Brook Field, Wis. Lundy, Donald W; Alpha Gamma Lambda, NY, NY Lyerson, Frank T; Delta Epsilon Lambda, E. St. Lou.. MO Mack, Percy A; Beta Phi Lambda, Savannah, GA Mack, Robert W; Zeta Gamma Lambda, Langston, Okla. Madison, Eddie L , Jr; Mu Lambda, Washington. DC Magee, Billy R; Epsilon Upsilon Lambda, Flint, Mich. Mahone, Irme R; Xi Lambda, Chicago, III. Mann, John A; — Vienna, VA Manns, Lorenzo R; Delta lota Lambda. Columbus, GA Marshall, Richard; Upsilon, Lawrence, KS Marshall, Willie G; Alpha Chi Lambda. Augusta, GA Martin, Edgar J ; Gamma Omicron L?mhda. Albany. GA Martin, Jerry L; Alpha Alpha I ambda E. Orange, NJ Mason, John L. (Dr.); — St. Louis. MO Massenberg, Samuel E; Delta Beta Lambda Hampton, VA Massey, Edward L; Alpha Sigma Lambda. Dallas, TX Matthews, J . B; Gamma Tau L?mbda. Port Arthur, TX Michel, Hubert E; Omicron Lambda Alpha, Wash., DC Miles. Moses G; Gamma Mu L r m b d a , Tallahassee, Fla. Miller, Albert M., Jr; Psi Lambda. Chattanooga. Tenn. Miller, Connie V; Alpha Gamma I ambda, Bronx, NY Miller, David; Beta Tau, New Orleans L» Miller, Douglas; Alpha lota Lambda. Institute. W. Va. Miller, Herbert T; Gamma lota Lambda, New York, NY Miller, Herman L; Gamma Upsilon Lambda, Marshl., TX Miller, Leonard W; lota Zeta Lambda, Trenton, NJ Mlmms, Luther S; — Springfield Gdns, NY Mims, Edgar; Sigma Lambda, New Orleans. LA Mines, Thomas L; Epsilon Lambda, St. Louis, MO Mlnnis, Clinton L; — Los Angeles, Calif. Minor, Berry B; Kappa Eta Lambda, Bakerfield, Calif.

The Sphinx / October 1973

Mitchell, Darrel; Beta Phi, St. Martinville, LA Montgomery, John R; Beta Omicron Lambda, Daphne, Al Moody, Narva L; Zeta Omicron Lambda, Phil., Penn. Moore, Donald W; Alpha Nu Lambda, Tuskegee Inst., A l . More, Elmer J ; Mu Lambda, Washington, DC Moore, Greg D; Eta Epsilon, Denton, Texas Moore, John V; lota Lambda, Indianapolis, Ind. Moore, Milton D; Beta Tau, New Orleans, LA Moore, William C; Delta Omicron Lambda, Seaford, Del. Moore, Thurman H; Beta Epsilon Lambda, Boley, Okla. Moreland, Charlie; Eta Lambda, Atlantic, GA Morgan, Wilbert G; Gamma Rho Lambda, Gary, Ind. Morial, Ernest N; Sigma Lambda, New Orleans, LA Morial, Walter E; Sigma Lambda, New Orleans, LA Morse, Ernest L; Epsilon Omicron Lambda, So. Hill, VA Morrison, Edison; Alpha Delta Lambda, Memphis, Tenn. Moses, James E; Upsilon, Lawrence, Kans. Moten, Herman L; Omicron, Washington, DC Murphy. I. H; Alpha Delta Lambda, Memphis, Tenn. McCaliister. Willis A; Tau Lambda, Nashville, Tenn. McCloud, Willard L; Alpha Pi Lambda, Winston-Salm, NC McCollum, Clyde; Alpha Pi, Louisville, Ky. McDaniel, Reuben R; Nu Lambda, Ettrick, Va. McDonald, Andrew E; Sigma Lambda, New Orleans, LA McDowell, Robert; Phi Lambda, Raleigh, N.C. McGee, Charles E; Beta Lambda, Kansas City, MO McGinister, Aonle, Theta Kappa, Arkadelphia, Ark. McGowan, Curtis; — Texas City, Texas McGowan, John; Alpha Eta Lambda, Houston, Texas McGuire. Paul M., Jr; XI Lambda, Chicago, III. Mclver, Charles S; Beta Psi Lambda, Inglewood, Calif. McKinley, Washington; Beta Kappa Lambda, Edsto, Is, SC McKinney, Elliott D; Delta Epsilon Lambda, E. St. Lo, IL McKinney, Henry O; Beta Beta Lambda, Miami, Fla. McKinnie, Louis T; Epsilon Lambda, St. Louis, MO McKnlght, Jimmie D; Alpha lota Lambda. Dunbar, W. Va. McLeod, Rudolph; Sigma Lambda, New Orleans, LA McMillan, Elridge W; Eta Xi Lambda, Lawton, Okla. McNeal, Donald R; Epsilon lota, Austin, Texas McNeil, Horafio R; Epsilon Lambda. St. Louis, MO McWilliams, Forde D; Gamma Phi, Tuskegee, Ala. McWilliams, F. B; Alpha Eta Lambda, Houston, Texas Narclsse, Victor J ; Sigma Lambda, New Orleans, LA Neal, Sterling G; Alpha Lambda, Louisville, Ky. Nelms, James W; Gamma Lambda, Westland, Mich. Nelson, Harold O: Rho, Philadelphia, Penn. Nelson. Marcus D; Alpha Xi, Seattle, Wash. Neustadter, Marcus; Sigma Lambda, New Orleans, LA Newman, Frank R; Beta Lambda, Kansas City, MO Newsom, Lionel H; Chi Lambda, Wilberforce. OH Nickelberry, Albert G; Delta Omicron, Oakland, Calif. Nofles. Laurence H; Beta Lambda, Kansas City, Kans Nolen, Roland D; Delta Phi, Jackson, Miss. Norman, Joe N; Alpha Pi Lambda, Winston-Salem, N.C. Norman, M. C; Eta Lambda, Atlanta. Georgia Norment, Hanely, I ota Upsilon Lambda. Silvr Spg, Md. Oliver, Ulysses L; Zeta Rho Lambda, Dover, Delware Ollie, Ronald M; Epsilon Psi, St. Louis, MO Oliver, Montague, Gamma Rho Lambda, Gary, Ind. Orr, William H; Alpha Lambda, Louisville, Ky. Otey, John H., Jr; Tau Lambda, Nashville, Tenn. Orticke, Philip N; Omicron Lambda Alpha, Wash., DC Orton, Claude A; Alpha Lambda, Louisville, Ky. Page, Fred C; Alpha XI Lambda, Toledo, Ohio Palmer, James W; XI Lambda, Chicago, III. Parker, Bobby D; Beta Eta Lambda, Okla. City, Okla. Parker, Carlisle S; Alpha Alpha Lambda, Orange, NJ Parker, James A; Zeta Epsilon Lambda, Red Bank, NJ

Parker, James A., Jr; Zeta Epsilon Lambda, Red Bk., NJ Parker, William F; Beta Epsilon Lambda, Langston, Okla. Parrish, Cornelius C; Xi Lambda, Chicago, I I I . Parrott, Reginald; Alpha Xi, Seattle, Wash. Paschal, James A; Alpha Chi Lambda, Augusta, GA Patrick, LeRoy; Alpha Omicron Lambda, Pittsburgh, PA Patrick, Stephen L; Alpha Omicron Lambda, Pitsbgh, PA Pauls, Nathaniel; Alpha Gamma Lambda, Flushing ,NY Pawley, Thomas D. IV; Beta Zeta Lambda, Jeff. City, MO Pawley, Thomas D; Beta Zeta Lambda, Jeff. City, MO Harry E. Payne; Phi Lambda, Raleigh, N.C. Payne, Harry E; Phi Lambda, Raleigh. N.C. Peace, W. H; Phi Lambda. Raleigh, N.C. Pendleton, Brent; Delta Gamma Lambda, Lockland, OH Pennington, C. A; Beta Gamma Lambda, Richmond, VA Peppers, Ellison V; Mu Lambda, Washington, OC Perkins, Lee E; Epsilon Kappa Lambda, Grambling, LA Perkins. Thomas P; Sigma Lambda, New Orleans, LA Perry, Frank Jr; Alpha Eta Lambda, Houston, Texas Perry, George F; Beta Lambda, Kansas City, Perry, Raymond C; Phi Lambda, Raleigh, N.C. Peterson, Charles; Zeta Zeta Lambda, Hempstead, NY Peterson, George; Beta Gamma Lambda, Richmond, VA Petteway, Benjamin F; Alpha Eta Lambda, Houston, TX Pettway, Gary D; Gamma Tau, Sweetwater, Tenn. Phillips, Clyde K; Beta Zeta Lambda, Jefferson, MO Phillips, George M: Zeta lota Lambda, Wiliingboro, NJ Phillips, Henry D; Zeta Mu, Atlanta, Georgia Phillips, James A; Sigma Lambda, New Orleans, LA Phillips, Thomas A; Beta XI Lambda, Omaha, Neb. Pickett, E. Keith; Epsilon Lambda, St. Louis, MO Pierce, Bobby; Sigma Lambda, New Orleans, LA Pierce, James E; Theta Rho Lambda, Washington, DC Pierce, William W; Beta Gamma Lambda, West Pt., VA Pitts, James E; Alpha Xi Lambda, Toledo, Ohio Plinton, James O; Alpha Gamma Lambda. Miami, Fla. Pollard, Percy; lota Upsilon Lambda, Gaithersburg, Md. Porter, Gilbert; Beta Beta Lambda, Miami, Fla. Porter, Hugh A; Beta Psi Lambda, Gardena, Calif. Porter, William D; Alpha Sigma, Marshall, Texas Powell, Garfield; Beta Xi, Memphis, Tenn. Powell, Milton W; Epsilon Lambda, St. Louis, MO Powell, Wilbert R; Theta Lambda, Dayton, Ohio Powell, William V; Alpha Mu Lambda, Knoxvllle, Tenn. Pratt, Ambrose, Jr; Sigma Lambda. New Oreans, LA Pree, Earl O; Zeta Omicron Lambda, Philadelphia, PA Prevast. Maurice E; Sigma Lambda, New Orleans, LA Price, Michael J ; Gamma Rho Lambda, W. Lafayette, Ind. Priestley, Alfred C; Sigma Lambda, New Orleans, LA Pritchett, Forrest; Gamma Chi Lambda, San Frisco., CA Ragland. George R; Epsilon Tau Lambda, Prairie V „ TX Ralbon, Joseph H; Alpha Eta Lambda, Houston, TX Randolph, Scott; — E. St. Louis, III. Rawlins, Wilbur A; Theta Lambda, Dayton, Ohio Rawls, John C; Epsilon PI Lambda, Gainsville, Fla. Ray, Lacy; Zeta Zeta Lambda. Jamiaca. NY Raymond. Marshall; Epsilon Phi. Chicago, III. Reagin. Stanley L; Delta Alpha Lambda, Shaker Hts., OH Reaves. Booker; Gamma Alpha Lambda, Chrlott'vle., VA Redd. Aspinwall H; Zeta Lambda. Philadelphia, Penn. Reddick, Kine D., Jr; Zeta Zeta Lambda, Hollls, NY Reed, Maurice L; Zeta Delta Lambda, Springfield, OH Reed. Thomas N; Beta Omicron Lambda, Mobile, Ala. Reese, Clyde L; Eta Lambda, Atlanta, Georgia Reese, Paul R; Delta Lambda, Baltimore, Maryland Reese, Theodore S; Theta Lambda, Dayton, Ohio Reeves, Clarence; — Gary, Ind. Reliford, Albert T; Omicron Lambda Alpha, Wash., DC Reynolds, Ivan; Delta Gamma Lambda, Cincinnati, OH Rhodes, W. W; Gamma PI Lambda, Houston, Texas Flute Rice; — Holland, Ohio


67th Annual General Convention

Mrs. Charles Teamer took her Convention problems to Brother Jim Hewitt, who was in charge of registration.

Brother Emmett Bashful complanently listen to tall tales of his Alpha Brother.

WE WERE THERE! Rice, Flute; — Holland, Ohio Rice, Henry W; Alpha Gamma Lambda, New York, NY Richards, Eugene; Rho Lambda, Clarence, NY Richards, Jesse O; Sigma Lambda, New Orleans, LA Richardson, A. E; Beta Xi Lambda, Omaha, Neb. Richardson, Andrew; Delta Rho Lambda, San Antonio, TX Richardson, Francis; Beta Psi Lambda, Los Angeles, CA Ridgel, Gus; Gamma Beta Lambda, Wilberforce, Ohio Riley, Charles; Zeta Zeta Lambda, New York, NY Riley, Emile E; Sigma Lambda, New Orleans, LA Riley. Marvin N; Eta Lambda, Atlanta, Georgia Roach, Arthur L; Alpha Xi Lambda, Toledo, Ohio Roach, Harvey A; Beta Eta Lambda, Okla. City, Okla. Roberson, Earl; Beta Omicron Lambda, Mobile, Ala. Robinson, Charles R; Delta Epsilon Lambda, E. St. L, 1L Robinson, Clarence W; Beta Lambda, Kansas City, Kan. Robinson, Daniel E; — Metuchen. NJ Robinson, J . Wallace; lota Upsilon Lambda, Sil. Spg, Md. Robinson, Roy B; Epsilon Beta Lambda, Macon, GA Rochester, Enoch B; Zeta lota Lambda, Willingoboro, NJ Rochon, Reynard J ; Sigma Lambda, New Orleans, LA Rodgers, Horace J ; Gamma Lambda, Bloomfield, Hil., Ml Rodgers. Howard L; Sigma Lambda, New Orleans, LA Roper, John D; Mu Lambda, Washington, DC Ross, Frazler; Alpha Xi Lambda, Toledo, Ohio Ross, William; Rho, Philadelphia, Penn. Roulhac, Christopher M; Rho, Philadelphia, Penn. Roundtrea, Arthur L; Alpha Gamma Lambda, NY, NY Rousseve, Rene J ; Sigma Lambda, New Orleans, LA Ruffin, Bruce D; Epsilon Epsilon, Stillwater, Okla. Ruskin, James T: Eta Tau Lambda, Akron, Ohio Russell, Louis H; Mu Lambda. Washington, DC Ryan, Cecil M; Tau Lambda, Nashville, Tenn. Ryan, David W; Tau Lambda, Nashville, Tenn. Salmond, Jasper: Alpha Psi Lambda, Columbia, S.C. Sanders, Alfred D: Alpha Gamma Lambda, NY, NY Sandifer, Paul E; Kappa Lambda, Greensboro, N.C. Sands, Richard; Theta Psi Lambda, Somerset, NJ Santos, Peter N; Eta Alpha Lambda. New Haven, Conn. Sapp, Walter J : Alpha Nu Lambda, Tuskegee Inst., Ala. Saunders, J . Tony; Xi Lambda, Gary, Ind. Savage, Harry E; Beta Gamma Lambda, Richmond, VA Savage, James C . Jr; Zeta Omicron Lambda, Phil,, PA Savage, Timothy O; Beta Beta Lambda, Miami, Fla. Scott, James A; Epsilon Lambda, St. Louis, Mo. Scruggs, Ramon S; — New York, NW Segre, Wesley N; Sigma Lambda, New Orleans, LA Segar, William L; Beta Gamma Lambda, Richmond, CA Session, Oscar B; Gamma Lambda, Inkster, Mich. Seward, Coleman; Zeta Upsilon Lambda, Phil. Penn. Sewell, Howard L; Gamma Sigma, Houston, TX Sewell. Richard; Alpha Xi Lambda, Toledo, Ohio Sewell, Wilbur W; Mu Lambda, Washington, DC Shannon, Oliver T; — Pine Bluff, Ark. Shannon, Sylvester L; lota Omicron, Colo. Spgs, Colo. Sherard, Major J ; Eta Lambda, Atlanta, Georgia Shields, William A; Gamma Rho Lambda, Gary, Ind. Shortt, Tyrone; Beta Phi, New Orleans, LA Silva, C. Francis; Mu Lambda, Washington, DC Simmons, Jevrel W; Alpha Eta Lambda. Houston, TX Simmons, Wade M; Beta Phi Lambda, Savannah. GA Simpson, William B; Zeta Delta Lambda, Yelw, Spgs, OH Smedler, William D; Delta Rho Lambda, San Antonio, TX Smiley, Ronald E; Epsilon Lambda, Univ. City, MO Smith, A Maceo; Alpha Sigma Lambda, Dallas, TX Smith, Alvin J ; Sigma Lambda, New Orleans, LA Smith, Andrew D; Delta Rho Lambda, San Antonio, TX Smith, Dayton W; Rho, Wllllngboro, NJ


Smith, Herman B; Eta Lambda, Atlanta, Georgia Smith, James A; lota Beta Lambda, Merritt I n . , Fla. Smith, James E; Xi Lambda, Chicago, III. Smith, Joseph B; Gamma Lambda, Detroit, Mich. Smith, Luther H; Alpha Xi, Seattle, Wash. Smith, Philip M; Alpha Epsilon, Oakland, Calif. Smith, Robert A; Delta Lambda, Baltimore, Md. Smith, Richard E; Epislon, Detroit, Mich. Smith, Robert L; Alpha Phi Lambda, W. Palm Beach, Fl. Smith, Wayman F; Beta Zeta Lambda, St. Louis, MO Smith, Wayman W; Delta Alpha Lambda, Warrens'vil, I DH Smith, Wlllard B; Gamma Phi Lambda, Oakland, Calif Smith, Wilbert L; Xi Lambda, Chicago, III. Smith, William H; Mu Lambda, Washington, DC Smothers, Clinton T; Alpha Phi Lambda, Norfolk, VA Smoot, Baxter C; Beta Tau Lambda, Charlotte, N.C. Sneed, Odney B; Beta Eta Lambda, Okla City, Okla. Snorton, William N; lota Lambda, Indianapolis, Ind. Solomon, Thomas R; Epsilon Tau Lambda, Pr. View, 1 X Somerville, Albert A; Gamma Lambda, Detroit, Mich. Sorapuro, Jude T; Sigma Lambda, New Orleans, LA Southall, Russell W; Alpha Rho, Atlanta, GA Spears, Mack J ; Sigma Lambda, New Orleans, LA Spears, Ray E; Epsilon lota, Austin, Texas Spence, Julian; Epsilon Kappa Lambda, Grambling, L ^ Spencer, Moses E; Epsilon Lambda, St. Louis, MO Springer, Worthie R; Pi Lambda, Little Rock, Ark. Sprott, Maxie C; Gamma Tau Lambda, Beaumont, TX Streator, Julius; Beta Xi Lambda, Los Angeles, CA St. Amant, C. Norman; Beta lota Lambda, Baton R., L A Stanback, Harry S; Zeta Omicron Lambda, Phil., Penn Steele, James F; Kappa Epsilon Lambda, Seat Plea., f M. Sterling, Jesse HH; Beta Psi Lambda, Los Angeles, C A Stevens, Arthur M; Kappa Lambda, Greensboro, N.C. Stevens, John M; — New York, NY Stewart, Bennett M; Xi Lambda, Chicago, III. Stewart, Jacob T; Epsilon Kappa Lambda, Grambling, LA Stewart, Jimmie L; Gamma Epsilon Lambda, Frkln, Ky Stockhard, Russell; Sigma Lambda, New Orleans, LA Stroger, John H; Xi Lambda, Chicago, III. Strange, Richelieu; Psi Lambda, Chattanooga, Tenn. Strickland, Kenneth D; Epsilon lota, Austin, Texas Stroud, William E; — Kansas City, MO Stubblefield, Bob; Alpha Xi Lambda, Toledo, Ohio Sullivan, Walter W; Kappa Lambda, Greensboro, NC Sutton, Dwayne J ; Beta Mu, Itta Bena, Miss. Sutton, Lawrence M; Epsilon Xi Lambda, Itta Bena, Mi s s Sutton, Ozell; Eta Lambda, Atlanta, Georgia Swann, Fred S; Beta Gamma Lambda, Richmond, VA Sydnor, Herman J ; Delta Lambda, Baltimore, Md. Sykes, Lloyd; — Capron, Virginia Syphax, William T; Theta Rho Lambda, Arlington, Va. Taylor, Stanley E; Theta Rho Lambda, Richmond, VA Taylor, Rod A; Beta Omicron Lambda, Mobile, Ala. Taylor, Jeremiah A; Beta Lambda, Raymore, MO Taylor, Charles E. (Fr); Eta Chi Lambda, Wash., DC Taylor, David; Delta, Bay City, Texas Tarver, Daniel C; Alpha Sigma Lambda, Dallas, Texas Teasdell, Edward; lota, Atlanta, Georgia Thierry, Overton; Sigma Lambda, New Orleans, LA Thomas, Bennie; Beta lota Lambda, Baton Rouge, LA Thomas, Charles W., Jr; Mu Lambda, Washington, DC Thomas, Chester R; Zeta eta Lambda, W. Hempstd., f> Il rv Thomas, Donald C; Kappa Lambda, Greensboro, N.C. II Thomas, Harold Wm; Delta Epsilon Lambda. E. St. L., Thomas, Henry; Beta Psi Lambda, Los Angeles, Calif. Thomas, Jesse W; Alpha Xi, Seattle, Wash. Thomas, John; Epsilon Tau, Milwaukee, Wise-

Thomas, Johnny C; Zeta Psi Lambda, Lake Charles, LA Thomas, Melvin H; Xi Lambda, Chicago, III. Thomas, Tomma A; Zeta lota Lambda, Trenton, NJ Thompson, Adell, Beta Lambda, Kansas City, MO Thompson, George W; Epsilon Psi Lambda, Alex., LA Thompson, Herman; Gamma Lambda, Detroit, Mich. Thompson, Lloyd W; Psi Lambda, Chattanooga, Tenn. Thompson, Robert H; Zeta Alpha Lambda, Ft. Ladrdle, Fl. Thompson, Sidney, Delta Alpha Lambda, Cleveland, OH Thurston, Wilson; Delta Eta Lambda, Topeka, Kansas Thurston, Jonathon W; Beta Beta Lambda, Miami, Fla. Threatt, William M; Eta Tau Lambda, Akron, Ohio Tipper, William A; Epsilon Upsilon Lambda, Flint, Mich. Tolbert, Earl; Zeta lota Lambda, Trenton, NJ Torian, George L; Beta Pi Lambda, Albany, NY Torian, J . Arthur; Beta Pi Lambda, Albany, NY Trent, James M; Kappa Epsilon Lambda, Landover, Md. Trout, Jonathan M; Epsilon Delta, Urbancrest, Ohio Tucker, Erskine; Delta Chi Lambda, River Hills, WicsTurk, Alfred J . I l l ; Alpha Phi, Atlanta, GA Turk, Alfred, J . (Dr.); Eta Lambda, Atlanta, GA Turner, Shaftor; — Huntsville, Ala. Turner, W. Liovell; Epsilon lota Lambda, Suffolk, VA Tyger, Waders J ; Delta Beta Lambda, Hampton, VA Tyler, Norman E; — Indianapolis, Ind. Tyler, Lee A; Mu Lambda, Washington, DC Underwood, Garland B; Alpha Gamma Lambda, NY, NY Van Amson, George L; Zeta Eta, New York, NY Vaughns, Lewis D; Beta Phi Lambda, Savannah, GA Vaughns, Wyman M; Xi Lambda, Chicago, I I I . Veale, Nathaniel; Eta Lambda, Atlanta, GA Vincent, Fred O; Eta Chi Lambda, Bronx, NY Wade, Emmett J ; Epsilon Lambda, Bridgeton, MO Wagner, Daniel; — Jamaica, New York Wall, Q. K; Phi Lambda, Smithfield, NC Wallace, Gary V; Beta Phi, New Orleans, LA Walker, Charles H; Eta Lambda, Atlanta, GA Walker, Melvin W; Delta Alpha Lambda, Euclid, Ohio Walker, Walter C; Delta Upsilon Lambda, Shreveport, LA Walker, William H; Eta Rho Lambda, Rochester, NY Wallace, Earnest L; Alpha Sigma Lambda, Dallas, Texas Warrick, John H; Gamma Rho Lambda, Gary, Ind. Washington, Alvin W; General Organization, Ylow Spg.,Oh Washington, Curtis L; Eta Lambda. Atlanta, GA Washington, Edwin; Zeta Rho, Terre Haute, Ind. Washington, Eugene; Theta Beta, Columbus, GA Washington, Michael J ; Zeta, New Haven, Conn. Washington, T. W; Gamma Chi Lambda, San Frisco., CA Waters, Harry T; Delta Psi Lambda, Denver, Colo. Watkins, Clement C; Gamma Rho Lambda, Gary, Ind. Watkins, Herbert N; Alpha Lambda, Louisville, Ky. Watkins, George T; Alpha Delta Lambda. Memphis, Tenn. Watkins, Thomas H; Rho, Philadelphia, Penn. Watkins, Wesley J ; Sigma Lambda, New Orleans. LA Watson, Roy L; Beta Eta Lambda, Okla. City, Okla. Waugh, Robert S; Alpha Tau Lambda, Tulsa, Okla. Weathers. Frederick; Epsilon Lambda, St. Louis, MO Wedoeworth, William L; Beta Eta Lambda, Okla. City, OK Welch, Wilson Q; Tau Lambda, Nashville, Tenn. Wells, Coleman O; Delta Chi Lambda, Mequon, NY Welters, Warren W; Beta Beta Lambda, Miami, Fla. Wesley, Charles H; Mu Lambda, Washington, DC Wheadon, A Wendell; Delta Epsilon, E. St. Louis, III. White, Charles W; lota Tau Lambda. Buckingham, Va. White, Dan; Beta Lambda, Kansas City, MO White, Edward L; Theta Lambda, Dayton, Ohio

(Continued on page 17) The Sphinx / October 1973

Meet the Executive Secretary Designate... BROTHER WILLIAM H. WALKER WILLIAM H. WALKER, the Executive Secretary designee of Alpha Phi Alpha, known to his friends and Alpha brother's as "Bill" — was born in Cleveland, Ohio on the lucky day of Friday the 13th, 1923. When he was 18 months old, Harry and Ada Walker his parents and older brother Harry Jr. moved to Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, where he attended Elementary, Jr. High and Senior High Schools. Bill was a Boy Scout Leader in High School, plus a letterman on the Track, Cross-Country, and a star back stroke swimmer on the Swimming Team. Bill attended Tuskegee Institute from Sept. 1942 to March 1943, from there he entered the service. Leaving the service in March 1946, he entered Penn State University and graduated with a B.S. degree in 1949. He was initiated as a chartered member of Gamma Nu Chapter, at Penn State University, January 10, 1947. He was recalled to service during the Korean conflict and served in the '52-'53 Fall, Winter and Spring offensive. He remained in Military Service until 1969, and retired as a Lt. Colonel after 22 rewarding years. During span of service he spent five years in Europe, six years in the Pacific and Far East, and eleven years in the United States and Alaska. Some Highlights In His Military Career: NORTHEAST CAPE ALASKA — 1955 Commanding Officer of an Engineer Aviation Unit. He recalls that Bro. Emery L. Rann, Jr. was the Bn Medical Officer and these two Alpha Brothers ran the country of the Midnight Sun. Professor of Military Science (ROTC) at Florida A & M University—Tallahassee Florida — 1956 While on the faculty at Florida A&M, Bill enrolled in the Graduate School receiving fifteen credits. He was advisor to the Scabbard and Blade unit and received a 12" Loving Cup for outstanding and meritorious service. In his honor the members of the Society proclaimed Friday, March 22, 1957, as 'Walker Day." There were five (5) Distinguished Military Graduates in ROTC, four were ALPHA MEN and received Regular Army Commissions. Bro. Ltc DeWitt H. Hudson, Jr. was one of the The Sphinx / October 1973

ALPHAS IN THE SUN Delta Delta Lambda West Palm Beach, Florida

four officers. He is presently assigned to the FAMU ROTC Department. Bill became very active with GAMMA MU LAMBDA Chapter and met Moses General Miles, another very active Brother at Gamma Mu Lambda. Berlin, Germany — 1961 On special orders he commanded the 1st Engineer Combat Unit to be permanently stationed in occupied Berlin, Germany. He had the awesome experience to command a motorized military unit 130 miles through East Germany to West Berlin without an incident during the "Berlin Wall" crisis. Bro. Walker stated that he would rather forget his assignment to Vietnam and Thailand in the Far East during 1965 and part of 1966 — He remembers the words "Any WAR IS HELL." Senior Advisor and Commanding Officer of Sacramento Sector Group — 1966 He was the senior advisor to more than 35 unit reserve commanders in Reno, Nevada. Thus, he was able to rejoin the Alumni Chapter Zeta Zeta Lambda Chapter, to which he is also a charter member. Subsequent to his retirement, he has done additional study at Sacramento State College in Business Administration, worked for Equitable Life Assurance Society, and was last employed by Eastman Kodak Company, Distribution Dept. in Rochester, New York.

The dynamic men of Delta Delta Lambda Chapter, West Palm Beach, Florida are continuing to carry on the ideals of ALPHA in the south Florida area. Our chapter is now in a rebuilding and rededicating period. We have held a Chapter Rededication Service bringing together financial and non-financial brothers to sing the praises of ALPHA. Each year since his death, we have held Memorial Services for out beloved brother, Martin Luther King, Jr. Each May we enter into the social season with our Alpha Ball, "Ode To Spring," the highlight of the year. Brothers of Delta Delta Lambda include dynamic men in the area. We proudly include the Police Chief of Riviera Beach, Florida, Brother William Boone Darden, and our distinguished State Director, Dr. Robert L. Smith, among our membership. Alpha men are continuing to provide the needed leadership the community must have if it is to progress. The officers for the 1973-1974 year include: President — Isaac Robinson, Jr. Vice President — Bernard Jones Sec'y. and Editor to the Sphinx — Gary Jones Treasurer — St. Elmo Greaux Dean of Pledges — Warren Hawkins Historian — Robert Smith, Jr. Business Manager — Clifford Bridges Community Educational Director — Joseph Littles

Bill is the father of two children, a daughter, who is a sophomore in college and a son who is a 8th grade student in Junior High School in Rochester, New York. Bill stated that his primary efforts and goals will be in two directions when mantle is passed to him from Brother Young — Rededication to the New Agenda for Alpha Phi Alpha and to aid in every possible way to increase the active membership of our dynamic Fraternity. 13

ALPHA WORKSHOP Laurence T. Young, Executive Secretary


GREETINGS: Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc. welcomes the returning students to our Universities and Colleges throughout the Country, and wishes for them another rewarding year in their academic pursuits. HIGHLIGHTS — THE GENERAL CONVENTION 1973 The 67th Anniversary Convention of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc. adjourned August 9, 1973 at New Orleans, Louisiana. This was, in fact the largest, most representative and most successful convention in the history of the Fraternity. More than 2,500 brothers, their wives, children and friends converged upon the historic City of New Orleans, and enjoyed the hospitality of the host chapters from a standpoint of business accomplishments, as well as from a social aspect. The theme of the Convention was well enunciated and presented to the assembled body by the General President, Brother Walter Washington: Alpha Phi Alpha — Inward Reach — THE NEW AGENDA. Brother Washington so well said: "A sound program geared to the needs of the members is basic to any national organization. Alpha Phi Alpha, in order to be a positive force in building men, must have a program designed to uplift, and renew the spirits of its members." STATISTICS The official registration follows: ALUMNI BROTHERS COLLEGE BROTHERS ALPHA WOMEN ALPHA CHILDREN: Teens Pre-Teens Nursery RECRUITERS & COMPLIMENTARIES Total Official Registration

912 90 622 185 103 36 155 2,103


67 361 30 6 464

PAST GENERAL PRESIDENTS PRESENT Raymond W. Cannon, Ernest N. Morial, A. Maceo Smith, Belford V. Lawson, Jr., Lionel H. Newsom, Charles H. Wesley CHAPTERS REPRESENTED COLLEGE CHAPTERS ALUMNI CHAPTERS

42 140

Total Chapter representation

182 (Continued on page 15)


Brother Sidney A. Jones III

Brother Sidney A. Jones III was recently issued Life Membership No. 1353 in Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity. His father, Brother Sidney A. Jones, Jr., is Judge of the Circuit Court of Cook County, is Life Member No. 18. Brother Jones III graduated from Northwestern University Law School in June, 1973, passed the Illinois Bar examination in August, 1973 and will practice law in Chicago. He graduated Wardsworth Elementary School, Chicago, January 31, 1958, and graduated Hyde Park High School, Chicago, January 26, 1962. In high school he was selected by the faculty and students as one of the outstanding graduates of the class of January, 1962. He was Vice-President of the Audio-Visual Club; a laboratory assistant, a member of the football team, the track team, student council, senior math honor society, R.O.T.C. brigade staff and drill platoon, R.O.T.C. fire guard; Lieutenant Colonel, in R.O.T.C. and the recipient of the officer's efficiency medal; hall guard, and winner of civic awards, and was given recognition at the Honors Assembly. He graduated from the University of Illinois, Champaign-Urbana, February, 1964, B.S. degree, and was leader of the Naval R.O.T.C. drill team. He was commissioned 2nd Lieutenant U.S. Marine Corps, upon graduation from college, and entered the U.S. Marine Corps at Quantico, Virginia. Upon graduation from Quantico he was sent to the Ft. Sill Artillery School, Ft. Sill, Oklahoma. (Continued on page 15) The Sphinx / October 1973


Sidney Jones HI

(Continued from page 14)

(Continued from page 14)

The official headquarters for the Convention was the Fairmont-Roosevelt Hotel, which was filled to capacity, necessitating the use of three additional hotels in the vicinity. The Host Chapters were: Sigma Lambda, — Beta Tau, — Epsilon Upsilon and the Louisiana State Conference of Alpha Phi Alpha. The local chairman, to whom considerable credit goes for the success of the operations was Brother Walter E. Morial who worked assiduously with the Director of Conventions, Brother Kermit J. Hall. Brothers L. H. Stanton and J. Herbert King, along with the Committee engineered and represented Alpha Phi Alpha's Job Placement and Recruitment Program, which was conducted, in the main, on the campus at Xavier University.

In December, 1966, he was assigned to active duty in Viet Nam, and served as an artillery officer for 13 monts. He was promoted to 1st Lieutenant while in Viet Nam. He also served at the U.S. Naval base at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, and in Okinawa and Puerto Rico. He was promoted to Captain, July 10, 1968. He was honorably discharged September 1, 1970, and immediately entered Northwestern University Law School. He is President of the Xi Lambda Chapter of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, the Chapter with the largest financial membership and the 1972 outstanding graduate Chapter in the Fraternity. Brother Jones III is married to the former Tanya Toler, who received her A.B. and A.M. degrees from University of California at Berkeley, and is a professor at Kennedy-King College. His father, Brother Sidney Jones II, has contributed much to Alpha Phi Alpha. He was initiated in 1926 while a student at Atlanta University and as remained active, in many areas of fraternity life for forty-seven years. In 1928, Judge Jones graduated from Atlanta University, and entered Northwestern University School of Law in Chicago and immediately affiliated with the chapter in Chicago where he later served as President and many times as a delegate to National Conventions. He assisted in establishing the office of a full-time Executive Secretary in Chicago and at one time served as acting Executive Secretary. He received the award by the Philadelphia General Convention as Alpha Man of the Year.


Eastern Southern Midwestern Southwestern Western

Region Region Region Region Region

LIFE MEMBERS BREAKFAST Always an outstanding feature at General Conventions of the Fraternity is the Life Members breakfast, an event of pure fellowship and brotherhood made available only to LIFE MEMBERS, which now numbers over 1,350. This feature originated at the St. Louis Convention in 1966 and has snow-balled into huge proportions. Brother John D. Buckner, National Chairman of the Life Membership Committee, in his inimitable way, was master of ceremonies. The occasion was "spiked" by the wit of Life Member No. 1, Brother O. Wilson Winters. (Continued on page 16)

THE OLD ALPHA SPIRIT, WHERE IS IT? By: E. L. C. Broomes, M.D., Gamma Rho Lambda Chapter, Gary, Indiana The Editor of the Sphinx: trampled into functional decreptitude. "Alpha! Phi Alpha the pride of A man is old or has tired blood if he Such a fate however should not be anti- hearts" The anthem rose from the group would rather sit, when all around are cipated for organizations whose rolls of brothers, standing with the rigidity on their feet standing, or if when stand- of membership are continuously replen- of Prussian Guards, hands interclasped ing he prefers the inactivity of immo- ished and fortified by the influx of to form the mystic circle of fraternity. bility when the challenge of the occasion youth. Still however organizations are "Alpha! Phi Alpha" . . . The haunting is to action and motion. In this con- but collections of individuals banded to- melody floated on the wings of a wisttext, age is not so much an expression gether by common bonds that are us- ful nostalgia and lifted to the crescendo of chronometry as it is a measure of ually mutual and reciprocal. Perhaps be- of the challenge to "Manly deeds, schocirculating hormones in the blood and cause of this latter reason, an organiza- larship and love for all mankind." Then of tissue elasticity. A very long life can tion although continuously transfused in a restrained deminuendo "College days at times be a dubious blessing. In the with young blood may still exhibit in its swiftly pass imbued with memories fond" inexorable parade of passing years, all presenting image some signs or stigmata . . . The moments are enchanted. The those who continue to stand still long which reflect the physiological decay words are like incantations of magic enough, in the corridor of time are in an aging leadership. (Continued on page 16) The Sphinx / October 1973


ALPHA WORKSHOP (Continued from page 15) AWARDS: At the closing formal banquet awards were made — Brother Taliaferro W. Harris, Chairman of the Committee on Awards and Achievements. The ALPHA AWARD OF HONOR was presented to Brother Eugene D. Jackson, President of the Unity Broadcasting Network, Inc. — the first black owned and operated radio news network in the country. T H E ALPHA AWARD OF MERIT was presented to Brother Robert W. Harrison, distinguished dental surgeon of Yazo City, Mississippi, as well as an outstanding civic leader. The outstanding college chapter award was presented to Alpha Phi chapter, Clark College, Atlanta, Georgia; the outstanding alumni chapter award was presented to Eta Tau Lambda chapter, Akron, Ohio; — the outstanding College Brother award was presented to Brother Richard C. Smith of Epsilon chapter, University of Michigan and to Brother Vanley Frazier of Gamma Omicron chapter, Knoxville College; the outstanding Alumni brother award was presented to Brother Lacy Ray, Jr. of Zeta Zeta Lambda chapter, St. Albans. New York. A beautifully inscribed citation was presented to the incumbent Executive Secretary by the General President, — also a silver tray was presented to his wife Mrs. Rebecca M. Young. THE BUILDING FOUNDATION A keen feeling of regret permeated the atmosphere at the meeting of the Board of Directors of the Alpha Phi Alpha Building Foundation, Inc. as Brother William M. Alexander, as we all know, has worked well, hard, efficiently and effectively in developing the Foundation to its present position of strength and recognition throughout the Country. All glory, laud and honor to Brother Alexander. Brother J. L. Hunt of Baton Rouge, Louisiana was duly elected to the post of Chairman of the Foundation, and Brother Alexander will return a member of the Board and consultant until his present term expires. THE EDUCATION FOUNDATION Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity welcomes Brother Herman B. Smith, Jr. as Director of Educational Activities, and ipso facto, Chairman of the Alpha Phi Alpha Education Foundation, Inc. Brother Smith brings to the Fraternity a wealth of experience in the field of education — based in Atlanta, Georgia — director of one of our leading Educational Foundations. In assuming his role as Chairman he stated that one of the cornerstones of the Fraternity, from its conception, has been the promotion of educational endeavors. He further stated that the immediate goal of the Education Foundation now is the initiation of a ONE MILLION DOLLAR fund raising program to be completed in five years, to be achieved largely through contributions of brothers in Alpha Phil Alpha. GRAND TAX FOR 1974 We are at that time of year again to report G R A N D TAX to the General Organization for 1947. The due date is NOVEMBER 15, 1973. From past experience it seems that the brothers regard this tax as they do income tax — and wait until the D U E DATE to make payment. Brothers, let's spread it out a little, — mail yours TODAY. We are constantly plagued with returned mail for better addressing. In making remittances please include the FULL NAME, and the COMPLETE MAILING ADDRESS and ZIP CODE. We reached our 10,000 mark for 1973 and are now looking forward to reaching a 25,000 mark under the NEW AGENDA. CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS The several adopted constitutional amendments at the 67th Anniversary Convention have been circularized to chapters, your reaction to them is invited. SALES For your "wearing pleasure" we have an adequate supply of Life Member pins a-c $10.00 each; Sunburst Medallions a-c $6.00 each, the original APA Medallion a-c $2.50 each, and the usual Official pins, recognition buttons, pledge buttons etc. at the usual cost. We have a supply of Pledge Manuals, a-c $2.00 each — Constitutions, Ritual and other forms for the use of Chapter Secretaries. If we can accommodate you in any of the above items, feel free to call upon us. LAURENCE T. YOUNG Executive Secretary, Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc. 16

So, what's new? STUDY SHOWS BLACK POORER WASHINGTON — American households headed by women and by nonwhites are poorer than those headed by men and by whites. Also, rich households are getting richer. These were among points contained in the latest statistics on household income released by the commerce department. The median income of households in the United States in 1972 was $9,700, up 7.4 per cent from 1971 when the median was $9,030. The median is not the average but means that half the households get more money and half got less. The real gain in median money income has listed as 4 per cent because consumer prices rose 3.4 percent during 1971 The average income for the 11.2 per cent of households which were nonwhite was $7,793 in 1972. And the average household income for the 88.8 per cent of households which were white was $11,725. The statistics showed that 22.6 per cent of all U.S. households were headed by women, and the average income for these households was $5,673. The average income of the male-headed households was $12,920. The 4.2 per cent farm households had an average income of $9,629 per household while nonfarm households had an average income of $11,359.

Alpha Spirit (Continued from page 15) to summon back again, days that are bye-gone. The curtain of recollection lifts on a 'frat' ceremony of yesteryear. "Alpha! Phi Alpha" rang out the familiar and beloved song. The circle is vibrant with life. It moves gracefully in rhythmic response to the cadence of the paean. How it effervesces the joys of fraternal fellowship, the exhuberance of youth, the ardor of enthusiasm! These are men announcing to the world their readiness and willingness to scale the highest heights of achievement on which to plant the waving banner of Alpha. "Alpha! Phi Alpha" The curtain of time abruptly descends. The moment of retrospection is past. The reality of the present jars uncomfortably. The setting is the same, yet it is different. The Alpha circle; this now is of men who stand like robots that sing. Who are as immobile as wooden Indians. Shades of (Continued on page 17) The Sphinx / October 1973

Alpha Spirit

Frat Fun.. with winters DR. O. WILSON WINTERS, Editor

Im The Educational number of T H E SPHINX dated May 1936 contained an article by my good friend Brother Ferdinand L Rousseve, Art Editor, entitled New Orleans the Interesting. (No. 1 — the St. Louis Cathedral) Each city, town or village, no matter how pretentious or unassuming in size or wealth, has certain spots all its own, certain places that live forever in the memory of its inhabitants and visitors. It is the purpose of this series to present a few of these "spots" in and around New Orleans for the benefit of those brothers who will trek to this quaint old world city in a modern setting for the 1937 Convention in the hope that at the end of its meeting their visit will have been beneficial from every standpoint as a cultured man. It is our hope that the reviewing of these points of interest and special beauty will fill them with the longing necessary to impel their return to New Orleans, the land of dreams?

(Continued from page 16) yesteryear! Is this still Alpha? Is this the fraternity once dedicated in its concept. to the spirit of youth? O Tempus! O Mores! Whither has fled the old Alpha spirit? Whither the elan? It was at a convention during the mid fifties when it was decided to ban all movements during the singing of the Alpha song. The explained reason was that a formal stance of rigidity was more consistent with the dignity, which the first of all black college fraternities should always display. It is difficult to resist the temptation to point out, that there, is perhaps nothing more rigid nor more dignified in its frozen stance, than Grant's statue in the park. However, the pidgeons and other birds frequently express on Mr. Grant their opinions on such dignity. While it is not difficult (Continued on page 19)

We Were There!

(Continued from page 12) I was one of the peregrinating and peripatetic 1936 Alpha visitors to New Harold R; Alpha Omicron Lambda, Mrgntn., W. Va. Orleans. It was there the most epochal event of my public life was listed and White, White, Vandon E; lota Pi Lambda, Miami, Fla. Leroy; Xi Lambda, Chicago, III. etched in Alpha Phi Alpha history. The story of the maturing of a life insurance Whiting, Wicks, Alvin J ; Beta Psi Lambda, Carson, Calif. Wilburn, Wallace Jr; Alpha Delta Lambda, Memphis, TN policy that was in force for ten years 1927 to 1937 and paid to the fraternity for Wilcox, Elworth J ; Gamma Pi Lambda, Galveston, TX a Life Membership is well known to Alpha men especially the 1350 fully paid Wilcox, Thomas J . , Jr; Beta lota Lambda, Baton R., LA Wilkins, Edward C; Zeta Omicron Lambda, Phil., Penn. and over 200 subscribing brothers who represent this membership facet of our Wilkins, Fred; Eta Lambda, Atlanta, Georgia Wilks, Alvin L; Alpha Gamma Lambda, New York, NY fraternity. Williams, Alfred C; Xi Lambda, Chicago, III. Brother Walter F. Jerrick gave $100.00 for Life Membership N o . 2, — and we left New Orleans and St. Louis Cathedral proud and happy. TWO LIFE MEMBERS. I have heard that salmon return to their place of origin to spawn, and it seems poetic that New Orleans 1973 would be a fraternal remnant — a fraternal spawning area for the 1937 remnants. This year, when I returned to New Orleans my wife, Esther accompanied me and connubal modesty enjoins my further comments on spawning. However, at the Fairmont-Roosevelt Hotel there were reports of wholesale spawning. The hotel clerk phoned one of the guests and said: "sir, you registered as single; — don't you have a woman up in your room?" He said: Yes, I have, send me up another Gideon bible." Modern radio and television entertainment present choice repeats of programs which have been presented before. Sometimes they are quite old but always they are very choice offerings. Perhaps you have heard of or have been present at some of the reminiscenses or popularly labelled "The Rejects" that I have used at the Life Member round ups. Copyright regulations prevent me from recounting the "rejects" in print in this copy; — I am limited to the vocal recounting of the choice tid bits of anecdotal humor. The "rejects" derived their name from the fact that in the editorial screening, the Sphinx editor declined to include them in the regularly issued copies. Here is one with much maternal appeal and childish wisdom. A young boy of tender years observed his mother very much enlarged in waist size which to us meant that she was in the second trimester of pregnancy. H e asked her what did she have in her stomach. She said: Oh, that is your new little baby brother." He said: "Mommy do you love him as much as you do me?" She said: "Yes, I do." He said: "Well, why did you eat him?" The Sphinx / October 1973

Williams, Ather; Xi Lambda, Chicago, I I I . Williams, Calvin W; Alpha Epsiion Lambda, Jack., Miss. Williams, Charles L; Alpha Xi Lambda, Toledo, Ohio Williams, Daniel L; Epsiion Rho Lambda, Fayettv'l., N.C. Williams, Frank; Beta lota Lambda, Baton Rouge, LA Williams, George L; Zeta Pi Lambda, Seattle, Wash. Williams, George, Gamma Lambda, Detroit, Mich. Williams, George O; Epsiion XI Lambda, Raymond, Miss. Williams, Horace A; Alpha Eta Lambda, Houston, TX Williams, H. Nicholson; Alpha Omicron, Pittsburgh, PA Williams, Larry D; Zeta Beta, Big Rapid, Mich. Williams, Nick A; Upsilon, Lawrence, Kansas Williams, Paul C; Alpha Omicron Lambda, Pittsb., PA Williams, P. J ; Delta Eta Lambda, Topeka, Kansas Williams, Richard B; lota Zeta Lambda, Los Angeles, CA Williams, Rufus LaMar; — Dallas, Texas Williams, Tate P; Kappa Lambda, Greensboro, N.C. Williams. Thomas W; Alpha Rho, Atlanta, Georgia Williams, Walter H; Alpha Epsiion Lambda, Jack., Miss. Williams, Walter F; Alpha Rho, Chattanooga, Tenn. Williamson, Irving A; Epsiion Lambda, St. Louis, MO Willis, Herbert H; Chi Lambda, Zenla, Ohio Willis, Robert A; Eta Lambda. Atlanta, Georgia Wilson, Charles W; Eta Rho Lambda, Rochester, NY Wilson, J i m D; Alpha Alpha Lambda, Livingston, NJ Wilson, John L; Alpha Gamma Lambda, New York, NY Winesberry, Nathan, Eta Chi, Marrero, LA Winfrey, Harold L; Alpha Delta Lambda, Memphis, TN Winslow, Vernon; Sigma Lambda, New Orleans, LA Wilson, Henry A; Theta Lambda, Dayton, Ohio Wing, Regionald L: Zeta Zeta Lambda, St. Albans, NY Wingo, Leslie E; Epsiion Lambda, St. Louis, MO Winston, Benjamin L; Delta Phi Lambda, Tuscaloosa, A l . Winston. William R; lota Nu Lambda, Fresno, Calif. Winters. O. Wilson; Rho, Philadelphia. Penn. Wisner, Elbert C; Zeta Epsiion Lambda. Ocean, NY Witten, Donald L; Theta Rho Lambda, Arlington, VA Woodard, Fred O; Alpha Epsiion Lambda, Jackson, Miss. Woodson, Cornelius F; Delta Lambda, Columbia, M d . Wright, Benjamin H; Alpha Gamma Lambda, NY, NY Wright, James A; Alpha Rho Lambda. Columbus, Ohio Wriqht. James A; Epsiion Upsilon, New Orleans, LA Wright, Jerome V; Beta Xi, Memphis, Tenn. Wriqht, Ray O: Eta Delta Lambda, Monroe, LA Wright, Robert K; Beta Delta Lambda. Daytona Bch, Fla. Wyche, Lennon D. Jr; Chi, New Orleans, LA Yearwood, Edward G: Delta Mu Lambda, Washington, DC Yeldell, Thomas J ; Mu Lambda. Washington. DC Young, Edward D; lota Upsilon Lambda, Columbia, M d . Young, J . A; Alpha Delta Lambda, Memphis, Tenn. Young, L. T. Jr; Xi Lambda, Chicago, I I I . Young, Watson A; Theta Zeta Lambda, Inkster, M i c h . Yates, Joseph A; Delta Lambda, Baltimore, M d .


ZETA EPSILON LAMBDA CHAPTER Red Bank, New Jersey Election of Officers and General Information Election of Officers and General Info RED BANK, N. J. — The Zeta Epsilon Chapter, North Jersey Shore, recently elected as president Richard L. Johnson, of Red Bank, to succeed Dr. J. Alvin Parker, a Red Bank dentist. Elected vice president was Roland M. Brown, Oceanport, N . J.; secretary James W. Brown, Asbury Park; reelected treasurer was Dr. James W. Parker, Jr., Red Bank; editor to the Sphinx, Wesley T. Moon, Brielle; parliamentarian C. B. Cargile, Manchester Township; historian Thomas Battle, Neptune. and chaplain Alfred W. Morgan, Brielle. Brother Johnson, who lives at 58 Westside Ave., Red Bank, N. J. is a registered professional engineer in New Jersey and is a mechanical structures technical area leader in the U.S. Army Electronics Research and Development Laboratory, Fort Monmouth, N . J. In addition, he does consulting work for private firms. Brother Johnson attended Immanuel Lutheran College, Greensboro, N . C ; N.C. A&T College from where he received his BS in mechanical engineering, studied at Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass., and received his Masters Degree from Fairleigh Dickinson University. He taught for three years at A&T College and was appointed to the Stevens Institute of Technology faculty in 1966. Brother Johnson has published several technical papers in his field, holds two patents and has received citations and cash awards for his developments from the government. He is a director of the Red Bank Y.M.C.A.; chairman of the Red Bank Planning Committee; a member of the Mayor's Development Commission, Red Bank Citizen's Advisory Board and the Curriculum Advisory Committee, Board of Education. In April the chapter made five new brothers, one of the largest lines in the history of this chapter. The new brothers, who went over in fine style, are: C. B. Cargile, assistant director of personnel, Ocean County Community College, Toms River, N . J.; Reginald W. Creed, Long Branch, electronic engineer, U.S. 18

Dr. James W. Parker, Sr. Zeta Epsilon Lambda Red Bank, N. J.

Army Electronics Command, Ft. Monmouth, N. J.; James A. Parker, Jr., Red Bank, son of the out-going president and a recent graduate of Florida A&M College; Enoch N. Peters, Neptune, a teacher in the Bangs Avenue Elementary School, Asbury Park; James R. Pritchett, Neptune City, an electronic engineer with the U.S. Army Satellite Communications Agency, Fort Monmouth. The dance earned nearly $2,000 net profit which was earmarked for the Dr. James W. Parker Sr. Memorial Scholarship Fund. O. C. Smith, very popular star of recording and night club and television shows, provided a floor show, which was followed by dancing with the music of Houston Person and vocalist Etta Jones, both well known East Coast stars. The dance was conceived and produced by Brother James W. Brown. The Chapter's next endeavor was a "Day At The Races," Sept. 29. The funds from which also went into the scholarship fund. The race day was held at Freehold Raceway, the oldest harness track in the United States, and consisted of a lunch prior to the races. The feature of the track program that day was the "Alpha Phi Alpha Pace." The scholarship fund will be maintained to assist deserving students in the area. A committee has been established

New Brothers After Chapter Reactivated Omicron Lambda Beta Chapter initated its first members since the reactivation of the local chapter. The chapter has instituted an aggressive recruiting program which is evident by the fine new members after less than one year of operation. The neophytes are interested in making an impact on the community, as well as making a contribution to the fraternity. Thus the spirit and the responsibility that all brothers have for Alpha is apparent in our new initiates. The Champaign-Urbana community will without a doubt benefit immensely from the contributions made by these brothers. The Sphinx will be getting many reports about the activities of this chapter. New brothers wearing the Alpha Pin are Coleman Carrodine, Teacher; Louis Childers, Child Welfare Worker; Ivery D. Clifton, Economist; Bobby Joe Hunt, Teacher; and Benjamin F. Walter, Teacher. Brothers conducting the ceremonies were Leonard Osborne, Jesse Perkins, Wilbur Rich, James Terry, William Henderson, Louis Hunley, Oliver Mack, Robert Harris Jr., and Jim Casey. Brother Phillip Daniel is chapter president. Fraternally yours, Oliver Mack Asst. Editor to Sphinx

Delta Beta Lambda Raps by Bro. William A. Reed, Jr. Asst. Ed. Sp. DELTA BETA LAMBDA OFFICERS FOR 1973-74 President Waders J. Tyger Vice President James Bell Secretary Samuel Massenburg Financial Secretary . William C. Brown Chaplain James Sman Editor to Sphinx . . William A. Reed Jr. Treasurer Alphonso B. Lewis (Continued on page 19) to screen those who apply for assistance and has already reported favorably to the Chapter on one applicant. A grant of assistance will be made to him in September. The Sphinx / October 1973


Delta Beta Lambda

(Continued from page 17) FAIR DEAL Madame: "Did you change the table napkins as I told you to do?" New Maid: "Yes'sum. I shuffled 'em and dealt 'em out so no one gets the same one he had at breakfast." FAIR WARNING Greatly agitated, a mother dashed into a drug store carrying her child: "My baby swallowed a 22 calibre bullet." She cried; "What shall I do?" Druggist: "Give him the contents of this bottle of Castor Oil" and he said calmly: "but don't point him at anyone." * * * * Dumb freshman (to Professor) "Sir, I don't think I deserve a zero in that exam I took." Professor: "Neither do I, but thats as low as I can make it." * * * * Wouldn't you rather have your wife find a letter you forgot to mail than to find one you forgot to burn? * * * * Frat Fun closes with a salute to all those personalities who made this 67th Anniversary Convention one of the most memorable ones in his convention history. I recall the lovely dinner party out in the New Orleans suburbs with Brother Walter Washington (General President) and his wife Carolyn, and Mrs. Stenson Broaddus, Brother Charles and Mrs. Madeline Broaddus, Mrs. Esther Winters and myself. I remember the fine, friendly and interesting convention visitors among whom I mention Brother and Mrs. Herbert T. Miller, well known civic, religious and fraternal celebrities. I realize that I am now in trouble if I don't mention Brothers Andrew J. Lewis, Dan Lewis, Charlie Howard, the new Law society prexy, the incomparable Belford V. Lawson, newly elected president of the National YMCA council, Past Presidents Wesley, Maceo Smith, Raymond Cannon, Lonnie Newsom, Alpha Housing exponent William Alexander, the indefatigable General Convention chairman Walter E. Morial, — all the lovely, industrious and efficient convention planning ladies and as a literary compulsion that forces me to shut up and close, I will leave you with a name that will repeat itself in the history of my fraternal and. indeed, personal life, — one in whom there is no guile, no fathom, no mercy, no comparison, JOHN DAVIS BUCKNER, St. Louis' gift to Alpha Phi Alpha.

ALPHA SPIRIT (Continued from page 17) to guess the real reasons which dictated the ban, it is difficult to absolve those who determined the decision of meanness of spirit, narrowness of vision and in being not sufficiently matured to accept as a fact, that Alpha is a movement of youth. Brothers who have passed enough milestones in life frequently develop and exhibit certain infirmities incidental to old age. Among these are rigidity of thought and movement. The joints of the frame, frozen with arthritis, are no longer supple. To stand and sway as in the days of yore can no longer be an experience of joy but an exercise in torture. Well, if age cannot keep up with youth, then youth should be limited by the restrictions of age! What selfishness! Age is never a matter for The Sphinx / October 1973

ridicule. It should be honored and treated with deserved respect or at least with sympathetic patience. But age should never be allowed to impose on youth, limitations dictated by its own infirmities. College brothers have confessed that in the secluded safety of their own local chapter meetings, they indulge the reaction of swaying responsively to the rhythm of the song, which for over fifty years in the fraternity's history, had been accepted not only as natural but as irrepressible. In a context that is metaphorical as well as symbolic, Alpha's challenge to youth is to service and achievement. These cannot be answered by the inertia of immobility "we will cherish thy precepts, thy banner shall be raised, to thy honor thy glory and renown." What about voting to unban, the banning of the sway?

(Continued from pa| KNOW YOUR BROTHER Bro. Dr. John W. Handy, Jr. Ed. D; formerly chairman of the Department of Psychology at Hampton Institute, Hampton, Va. has been promoted Director of the Graduate School at Hampton Institute. Bro. Robert Rice is now coordinator of special projects at Hampton Institute, Hampton, Va. Bro. Dr. Alfred P. McQueen, Ph.D; has received his doctorate in Biology from New York University. He is a Delta Beta Lambda neophyte. Bro. Frank Olivis is a counselor with the Virginia Community College system. He also is a neophyte of Delta Beta Lambda. Bro. Major Richard J. McFerren is a Delta Beta Lambda neophyte and also stationed with the Army Recruiting Command in Hampton, Va. Bro. Syvius S. Moore is the new athletic director at Hampton Institute. Bro. William A. Reed, Jr. was recently married to the former Miss Althea Bishop of Meridian, Miss. He is an instructor in the psychology department (part-time) and a personal dean at Hampton Institute. NEW LIFE MEMBERS New Life Members in Delta Beta Lambda are Brothers James Bell, placement director at Hampton Inst.; David Barr, public school administrator; Alfonso Campbell, personal dean at Hampton Inst.; Samuel Massenburg, associate director of student affairs at HI. This brings Delta Beta Lambda's full payed life membership to 18. EVENTS FOR YEAR National Alpha Phi Alpha president, Bro. Walter Washington, will be Delta Beta Lambda's Founders Day Dinner speaker on December 2, 1973. This event will be co-sponsored by Gamma Iota and Zeta Lambda Chapters truly in fraternal spirit. Delta Beta Lambda will host its Black and Gold Ball in April 1974. A charter plane for the national convention in San Francisco this August is being charted by Delta Beta Lambda for all brothers within a one hundred mile radius of the Chapter. 19

ALPHA CHI CHAPTER 67th Annual General Convention FISK UNIVERSITY . . . Golf Tournament Reflects on the Future of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity Dear Brothers of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Incorporated: The history of our fraternity is one of greatness and beauty. The founding of our fraternity is reflective of the desire of Black Brothers to pool the resources together in order to strengthen the bonds among brothers. It is from this desire that the first Black Greek Fraternity was incorporated. The list of Alphas who have contributed to the brotherhood of Blacks and of all people — locally, nationally, and internationally — is too lengthy to mention in the body of this writing. The fact that we were the first Back Greek Fraternity presents us with much to do. Not only must we seek to maintain our position among other fraternities but (perhaps most important) we must constantly evaluate our activities in the context of brotherhood. The issue that I am most interested in at this time is a large and, in my view, very important issue. I would summarize the issue as the rights of the individual versus the rights of the group as viewed in the context of Brotherhood. It is an issue that I feel each of us must have considered, but perhaps have not understood. It seems to be a very human trait for one to go along with what is popular at a certain time. Perhaps we as human beings find it easier to go along with the band wagon at times even when we very strongly disagree with the decisions of the group. I do not question the right of an individual to go along with the group. Being part of a group involves making personal sacrifices. The question remains, however, WHAT SACRIFICES SHOULD ONE BE WILLING TO MAKE? When an individual decides that he can no longer in "good" conscience go along with what is popular and what the group considers best for the organization, he has at least three alternatives. First of all, he could relinquish or reduce his associations with the group and hope that his conscience will be cleared. Secondly, he could remain in the group and try to somehow over-look the fact that even a group's decision is not absolute and that a group like an individual can makes mistakes. Thirdly, he can remain within the group and try to convince the group to accept its moral obligations. It is not always easy to determine what is best for a given time in history. Any decision involves certain risks as well as certain obligations. It is important today that each Alpha ask: Should I with my faults sit quietly on the banks of the river and watch other persons, other Black Brothers, and other human beings with human rights drown without trying to lend a helping hand? Do we as Alpha Brothers fail to extend more services to the community because it is presently unpopular? Do we as Alpha Brothers fail to institute new programs and new ideas into our pledging period because it is more popular to accept the traditional way of doing things? Do we as Alpha Brothers fail to sponsor more activities on campus — irrespective of whether it involves a joint sponsorship between or among sororities and fraternities — because it is presently unpopular? Have we somehow lost our creativity, our desire to improve the conditions of Blacks, and our "love for all mankind?" 20


WINS ALPHAS TOURNEY Durable Roy Harris of New Orleans, captured the championship flight of the Alphas' Invitational Golf Tournament held on City Park's championship West golf course. The one day links event was held in conjunction with the 67th annual Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity Inc., convention and a total of 44 golfers from various sections of the country competed for tournament honors. Placing second to Harris in the championship flight was John Warwick, Gary, Indiana, while Zell Madison, New Orleans, runner-up and Elmer C. Collins Euclid, Ohio, was Orleans, runner-up and Elmer C Collins Euclid, Ohio, was third The other first three in the various flights were: Second Flight: Charles R. Bacon, Springfield, Ohio; Winner: Leroy Daniels, Huntsville, Alabama, runner-up; and Jack Anthony, Huntsville, Alabama, third place. Third Flight: Mrs. Maggie Jiles, New Orleans, winner; Wayman W. Smith, Warrenville, Heights, Ohio, runner-up; E. L. Calahan, Tuskegee, Alabama, third place. The Alpha Phi Alpha Award for the best golfer-scholar, was presented to Calvin Cage, Charlottesville, Virginia. Best Dressed Golfers Men: Connie C. Dejoie, Jr., New Orleans; Women: Mrs. Maggie Jiles, New Orleans. The Duffer Awards were annexed by L. T. Young, Chicago, 111.—Men Mrs. Eloise Warwick, Gary, Indiana, Women. Dr. Albert J. Bloom, served as chairman of the tourney, while the tournament committee members included Michael Haydel and E. J. Harris. Allen McKellar, national representative of Falstaff, donated the beer and Trophies for the tournament. In closing I would suggest that we begin to evaluate the relevance of this First Black Greek Fraternity in the context of Brotherhood and not in the context of extreme individualism. If you were asked today why you pledged, what would you say to yourself, not to others? If you were asked today whether it was really worth all the "hell" that you went through, what would you say to yourself, not to others? IT you were asked today whether or not you would pledge again in the light of your experiences as Alpha brothers, what would you say to yourself, not to others? I pause for a reply . . . Are we to isolate ourselves from the social events given in honor of the entire student body. Are we to isolate ourselves from other fraternities? Are we to isolate ourselves from sororities? Are we to — and equally important — isolate ourselves from the larger Black Community. Let it be asknowledged that in "locking" Black Brothers and Sisters out of the affairs of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Incorporated, we in turn tend to "lock" ourselves in. Toward More Brotherhood and Peace Brother Herbert C. Holston Alpha Chi Chapter 7/70 Sphinx / October 1973

BROTHER JOHN HAROLD JOHNSON Picked the attainable goal and achieved it... Projecting the Image of BLACK AMERICANS "/ guess my formula for success is picking attainable goals, then achieving them. Once you have achieved one goal, the success will give you the confidence to reach the next." Perhaps more than any other black man in recent time, Brother John H. Johnson, president of Johnson Publishing Company, Inc. and publisher-editor of Ebony, Jet, Black Stars, Black World and Ebony Jr.! magazines, personifies the truth that it is possible to achieve success in life despite great odds. In little more than thirty years, Brother Johnson, whose family once was on welfare, built the largest blackowned publishing empire in the world. Brother John Johnson and his mother, Mrs. Gertrude Johnson Williams, moved to Chicago, Illinois in 1933 after attending the Century of Progress Exposition there. Mrs. Williams was convinced that her son's chances for a better life would be far greater in Chicago than they ever would be in Arkansas City, Arkansas, the little Mississippi River town where he was born on January 19, 1918. His father was killed in a sawmill accident when John was six years old.

Young Johnson began work in the Supreme Life office on September 1, 1936 as an all-around assistant on The Supreme Liberty Guardian, the insurance company's house magazine. He took copy to the printer, read proofs, saw that the photographs were in order, etc. Meanwhile, he was enrolled at the University of Chicago. Later, when he was promoted to editor of Guardian, he left school to work fulltime. Now Brother John H. Johnson is Supreme Life's largest stockholder and chairman of its board of directors. In 1973, the company's assets were more than $39 million.

Arrived in Chicago during the depression . . . we were poor "We arrived in Chicago during the Depression," Brother Johnson recalls, "and my most vivid memories are that we were always very, very poor. But I knew that my mother was doing all that she could do. And since just about everybody else was poor in those days, I never had any special feeling of being deprived. We were poor and we didn't like it. We had to go on welfare for about a year and we didn't like that either. Both my mother and I were determined that we weren't going to stay on welfare; we were determined to move out of that category. We worked always toward doing better, toward having a better life. We never had any doubts that we would." Brother John Johnson first began to distinguish himself while a student at Chicago's DuSable High School. Though he worked part-time for the National Youth Administration, he studied hard enough to graduate from DuSable with honors in 1936. And he had been president of the student council, president of his class, editor of the school newspaper and editor of the class yearbook. For his achievements, he was honored at an Urban League luncheon along with other honor students. The main speaker was Harry H. Pace, the president of Supreme Life Insurance Company of America. "When the luncheon ended," Brother Johnson recalls, "I walked up to Mr. Pace and told him how much I had enjoyed his speech. He asked me what my plans were and I told him I wanted to go to college but didn't have enough money. He offered me an opportunity to work part-time at Supreme while going to college part-time. That sounded like a pretty good idea, so I accepted the offer." The Sphinx / October 1973

20th anniversary of Ebony Magazine. W ayIdort-Astoria Hotel. Mrs. Earl B. Dickerson and Muhammed Ali join Brother Dee and Mrs. Johnson in the celebration.

While editing the Guardian — which required him to read all magazines and newspapers and make a digest of articles concerning black people — young Johnson got the idea for Negro Digest, his first publishing venture. "I talked to all kinds of people," he recalls, "but I couldn't sell the idea. Nobody saw any future for a black magazine. They pointed out that fifteen such magazines already had been tried and had failed. All my friends were sympathetic, but nobody came up with any money to help me get started." Refusing to be discouraged, the young man who "never had any doubts" that he would not always be poor, simply sat down and composed "what just has to be the best letter I ever wrote." The letter offered charter subscriptions (at $2 a year) to Negro Digest which, at the time, was nothing more than an idea in a young man's mind. In order to mail 20,000 copies of the letter, John Johnson borrowed $500 — using his mother's furniture as security for the loan. The letter was a success. "We got back 3,000 replies and that gave us $6,000 to work with," Brother Johnson says. "That letter is what launched Johnson Publishing Company." (Continued on page 22) 21

Brother John H. Johnson (Continued from page 21) Circulation of the new magazine grew steadily but nothing spectacular happened until he got the idea of running a series of articles written by prominent whites on the topic, "If I Were A Negro." Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt, wife of President Franklin D. Roosevelt, was among those who responded. Her article was published and, Brother Johnson says, "Almost overnight, circulation jumped to 150,000. We had it made." In November, 1945, Brother Johnson launched Ebony, a monthly magazine that "would show Negroes, but also whites, that black people got married, had beauty contests, gave parties, ran successful businesses and did all the other normal things of life." In 1945, Ebony's circulation was 25,000. Since that time, it has climbed to nearly 1.3 million, with some six million readers. In the process of mirroring all facets of black life, he also has pioneered in convincing advertisers that black Americans constituted a distinct and unique consumer market. "I couldn't get to see anybody," he remembers of his early efforts to find advertisers for Ebony. "The late Eugene McDonald, president of Zenith Radio, finally gave me an appointment because I convinced him that, as president of a company, I had certain protocol rights in calling on presidents of other companies." Brother Johnson also knew that Mr. McDonald was interested in the exploration of the Arctic. The issue of Ebony he brought along "just happened to have" a story about black explorer Matthew Henson.) "I talked with Mr. McDonald a few minutes, then he called in his advertising manager — a man we had been trying to see for a year — and asked, 'Why aren't we in Ebony?' The manager said, 'We're considering it, sir,' and Mr. McDonald ordered, 'See that we are.' Once we got that big one, we began to get others." Presently, some three hundred of the nation's top business and industrial firms are among Ebony advertisers.

INAUGURAL GALA: Joining festivities accompanying inauguration of President Nixon, JET Publiser John H. Johnson (r) and his wife, Eunice, chat with two Black Alabama mayors A. J. Cooper (1) of Prichard and Johnny Ford of Tuskegee during ball at Kennedy Center where more than 13,000 persons attended.


Among the Prince Hall Masons congratulating the "Man of the Year" are (l-r) Grand Commander Summers; Dr. Hildus Poindexter; Booker T. Alexander, deputy-at-large; Johnson; James B. Simmons; Dr. Charles S. Wesley of the Southern Jurisdiction, and John G. Lewis Jr., Sovereign Grand Commander of the Southern District. Dr. Poindexter and Alexander and past winners of the coveted award.

In 1950, Brother Johnson temporarily discontinued publication of Negro Digest (it was revived ten years, later; subsequently its name was change to Black World) and launched Tan, an advice and confessions magazine. A year later, Jet, a pocket-sized weekly newsmagazine chronicling black-oriented news events was started. In 1971, Tan was incorporated into Black Stars, a magazine featuring black entertainers. By 1973, its monthly circulation was 250,000. Also by 1973, Jet was being sold to more than half a million readers each week. In April, 1973, Brother Johnson published the first issue of Ebony Jr!, a magazine for black youngsters between the ages of six and twelve. Johnson Publishing Company, which began in a one-room office, now maintains branch offices in New York, Washington, D. C. and Los Angeles. For several years, there was an overseas bureau in Paris. On May 16, 1972, dedication ceremonies were held for the new headquarters building in Chicago's downtown "Loop." The eleven-story steel, concrete and marble structure, built at a cost of $8 million, has been praised for its architectural and interior design, and attracts thousands of visitors each year. Its collection of works by black artists is valued at $250,000. The building is the first one built by blacks in downtown Chicago since the city's black founder, Jean Baptiste Point duSable, constructed a fur trading post in the area in 1784. Affiliates of the Johnson Publishing Company include a book division, a book club, Ebony-Jetours ( a travel service) and Ebony Fashion Fair. In addition to his publishing ventures and his investments in Supreme Life Insurance Company ("I never really quit my job there," he says), Brother Johnson has expanded into other areas. He is owner of Supreme Beauty Products Co. (makers of Duke and Raveen hair care products) and Fashion Fair Cosmetics. Because of his concern for the provision of housing for low and moderate-income persons, he became one of the major investors in the Lawless Gardens apartment complex on Chicago's South Side. The three 24-story apartment buildings contain 690 units, and there are 54 town houses. (Continued on page 23) The Sphinx / October 1973

Brother John H. Johnson


(Continued from page 22) Brother Johnson is on the boards of directors of Twentieth Century Fox Corporation, Marina City Bank of Chicago, Service Federal Savings and Loan Association of Chicago, Opportunities Industrialization Centers, and the National Conference of Christians and Jews. He is a fellow of Sigma Delta Chi, professional journalism society. In the summer of 1972, he purchased Chicago radio station WGRT and became the first black in the city to own a broadcasting outlet.

An Ambassador.


Independence Ceremonies of the Ivory Coast Brother Johnson's business success was first highlighted in 1951 when he became the first black businessman selected by the United States Junior Chamber of Commerce as one of the nation's Ten Outstanding Young Men. Other awards he has received include the Horatio Alger Award (1966), the NAACP's Spingarn Medal (1966), the National Newspaper Publishers Association's John Russwurm Award (1966) and the University of Chicago Alumni Association's Professional Achievement Award (1970). He also has received recognition from the highest levels of federal government. He was a member of the President's Commission for the Observation of the 25th Anniversary of the United Nations; was among twenty businessmen in 1955 invited by President Dwight D. Eisenhower to a stag dinner at the White House; was a member of the groups that accompanied the then Vice President Richard M. Nixon on goodwill trips to nine African countries in 1957 and to the Soviet Union and Poland in 1959. President John F. Kennedy named him a special ambassador and appointed him to a four-man delegation to represent the United States at independence ceremonies of the Ivory Coast in 1961. He again was named a special ambassador by President Lyndon B. Johnson in 1963 and represented the United States at the independence ceremonies of Kenya.

Right to Left: Hon. Malcom MacDonald, Governor General of Kenya; Prime Minister Jomo Kenyatta; His Worship Charles Rubia, Mayor of Nairobi. U.S. Delegation to Kenya Independence Celebration. Brother and Mrs. Johnson is on the extreme left of the photograph. The Sphinx / October 1973

Brother Johnson is shown, second from left. A delegate. Independence ceremonies of the Ivory Coast. The late Robert Kennedy is on the extreme right.

m Among the colleges and universities that have awarded Brother Johnson honorary degrees are Morehouse College, Syracuse University, Malcolm X College, Central State University, Shaw University, Lincoln University, Upper Iowa College, Hamilton College, Eastern Michigan University, North Carolina College and Benedict College. In 1972, he became the first black publisher to receive the magazine industry's most prestigious honor — the Magazine Publishers Associations' Henry Johnson Fisher Award — for outstanding contributions to publishing. In accepting the award as Publisher of the Year, Brother Johnson talked about the kind of "responsible daring" he had employed in his business career. He said: "It is scarcely necessary to remind publishers that magazines must entertain as well as inform. But the danger here is that the publisher will blunder into the sin of dullness by mistaking his own limitations for the limitations of the public. We have to anticipate what the reader will want tomorrow by walking a step ahead of him. In fact, we have to anticipate the reader's desires and wishes by leading him, step by step, to what he really wants." On another occasion, Brother Johnson, who lives in Chicago with his wife, Eunice, and two teen-age children, John Harold and Linda, reflected upon his success and said: "I would be lying if I said my goals were to become a millionaire and publisher of four (now five) magazines. I guess my formula for success is picking attainable goals, then achieving them. Once you have achieved one goal, the success will give you the confidence to reach the next." (Continued on page 24) 23



Crowned the "Reclamation King" of Alpha Phi Alpha HOSTED XI LAMBDA RECLAMATION DINNER

Brother Johnson addresses his Alpha Brothers, ing "I am honored by your presence."



Brothers of Xi Lambda Chapter sing the Alpha Hymn. Brother Berry (center) was president of the chapter when Brother Johnson was initiated.




lift' ^^r\



. W_ 1 Brothers Eddie Robinson, James Winn, Eugene Deramus, Jesse Jeffries, Oliver Slaughter and Allen Knox were among the recent graduates to transfer to the graduate chapter at the Johnson Reclamation Dinner.

(Continued from page 23) Brother Johnson, a busy man, can devote but little of his personal time to the activities of Xi Lambda Chapter. His presence however, is felt in contributions to his Chapter and to the National Organization. Whatever assignment or request is made, his word is his bond. There are very few issues of the Sphinx published, where "Johnnie," as he is affectionally called by friends and brothers, or a Johnson Publication staff member, did not devote time, advise, or contribute material to affect the finished product. The art department under the supervision of Mr. Herbert Temple, and the photo library, supervised by Mr. Basil Phillips, served the fraternity many times after their scheduled 24

1 Brothers Nelson Harris, Sammy Rayner, Jr. and Wayman Ward, enjoyed the company of a SPC Hostess during the Reclamation Cocktail Hour.

work hours. Brother Malcolm Lee, Chairman of Xi Lambda Chapter's Reclamation Committee, told Brother Johnson that the reclamation program needed a boost. Brother Johnson immediately sponsored a Reclamation Dinner for Chicagoland Alphas. More than $1,000 in dues were collected at the dinner. Today, Xi Lambda has more active members than any chapter in the United States or abroad . . . That my brothers is why John H. Johnson is truly a dedicated Alpha man. As an undergraduate, he was initiated 1938 in Theta Chapter, Chicago, Illinois. The Sphinx / October



Brother Charles Davis, Kenneth Wilson and Walter Smith are amazed by the magic of a JPC Hostess at the Alpha Reclamation Dinner.


TOP COMMUNICATOR: Named "1973 Communicator of the Year" by the Jewish United Fund of Chicago, JET Publisher John H. Johnson receives award from Walter Schwimmer (r), communicator-of-the-year chairman, during JUF's 26th annual communications dinner at the Continental Plaza Hotel in Chicago. Communications Division Chairman Robert J. Witt (2nd 1) and JUF General Chairman Raymond Epstein smile approval of the tribute to Publisher Johnson.


Brother Robert ÂŁ Johnson . . . Brother Johnson discusses the photo-telephone with Mrs. June A. Rhinehardt, Vice President of Johnson Publishing Company.

An Alpha of JPC Staff is Honored


Brother John H. Johnson, R. Achiing Oneko, Mrs. Claude (Etta Moten) Barnett and her husband, the late Brother Claude Barnett of XI Lambda Chapter. The Sphinx / October 1973

DOCTORATES: After delivering the commencement address to the graduating class of Birmingham's Miles College, the Hon. C. DeLores Tucker, Pennsylvania's secretary of state, joins President W. Clyde Williams (r) in congratulating honorary doctoral degree recipients. JET Executive Editor Robert E. Johnson, doctor of letters (Litt. D.); and (2nd r) millionaire businessman A. G. Gaston, doctor of laws (LL.D). Both Johnson and Gaston are natives of Birmingham. 25

A Dream Come T r u e . . . Function, Beauty, Utility, Comfort From the "Ghetto" to an Impressive Architectural Landmark On Chicago's Magnificent Michigan Avenue The Johnson Publishing B u i l d i n g stands eleven stories i i g h and is coni tructed mainly of I teel, concrete, marble and glass. The b u i l d i n g is supported by ten columns that rest upon 100 f o o t caissons that are imbedded into solid Chicago rock. The e n t i r e building occupies approximately 138,000 s q u a r e feet. Construction began in February 1970 and the Company occupied it officially on December 5, 1971. Built at a cost of over $7 million, the JPC building is the first ever designed and constructed in Johnson Publishing Company Building Chicago's loop exclusively by a black-owned corporation. Mr. John H. Johnson and his family and all of his 300 employees are justifiably proud of this achievement. Employees often refer to the building as the "home" of the Company. A "home" was precisely what Mr. Johnson had in mind when he commissioned the architectural firm of Dubin,



^^ II NEW JPC BUILDING DEDICATED (L - R) Mrs. Gertrude Johnson Williams, Linda Johnson, Mayor Richard J. Daley, John H. Johnson Jr., John H. Johnson, Lerone Bennett. 2ft

Dubin, Black and Moutoussamy to draft plans for the "home" of the Johnson Publishing Company, Incorporated. Function, utility, beauty and comfort were the guidelines laid down by Mr. Johnson for the total design of the building. Mr. John Moutoussamy, a black partner in the firm of Dubin, Dubin, Black and Moutoussamy, was the architect in charge of design and construction. All heating, cooling and lighting in the building is electric. Automatic snow melting equipment is built into the sidewalk and rear loading dock. , To accommodate different temperatures and weather exposures, each floor is zoned for heating and cooling, and all executive offices on the perimeter of the building and conference rooms have individual temperature controls. The marble on the front of the building, in the lobby and front balconies is walnut Travertine from Southern Italy. It was selected for its stability and beauty. The walls in the main lobby are a combination of bronze panelling, overlaid with an African wood called "Mozambique." The unusual thing about this wood is that it is seldom found in heights needed for the JPC treatment of 18 feet 6 inches. All rugs and draperies throughout the building were especially designed and woven for the Johnson Publishing Company. The wall coverings throughout the building are either custom colored vinyls, grasscloths or fabrics chosen for the particular office they are used in. No fabric or wall treatment is repeated in any two locations. This holds true even for the restrooms, each having different hand-screened custom colored wallpaper. The building has underground parking facilities. An outstanding feature in the building is a collection of Black American and African paintings and sculpture. All of the art work in the collection was executed by Black American and African artists. The value of the collection is a quarter of a million dollars. Richard Hunt, the internationally famous Sculptor, has been commissioned to do a piece which will be placed in the main lobby of the building. Picturephones are conveniently located throughout the building—in the lobby, conference rooms and major executive offices. JPC pioneered the use of the picturephone at its previous location at 1820 South Michigan Avenue. At present, the Company only uses picturephones for internal communications but employees are looking forward to the day when the phone company makes it possible for them to talk to fellow-staff members at the JPC New York and Washington bureaus. Located on the first floor of the building is the security station, photography studio, and central shipping and receiving department. At the present time the second floor is being used for large corporate functions and the third and fourth floors are being used for temporary storage and shipping functions. The Company occupies the entire building and these floors are reserved to accommodate future expansion. (Continued on page 27) The Sphinx / October 1973

LANDMARK (Continued from page 26) On the fifth floor is located the subscription department, the electronic data processing department, computer and the JPC book division. The entire floor is designed and furnished to reflect the modern "computer age" look. The mailing, circulation, community relations, agency and public affairs departments are located on the sixth floor. The tartan rug combines with the rest of the decor of this floor to produce an unusual treatment of green that is both pleasing to the eye and relaxing in atmosphere. Special designs on the wall coverings in the mailing department are meticulously done so that each color "butts" the other to form interesting design patterns. On the sixth floor is also found the office of Mrs. Gertrude Johnson Williams, mother of the publisher. Mrs. Williams is not as active as she was during the early days of the company, but she does come around occasionally. It was she who loaned her son his initial investment of $500 to launch the Johnson Publishing Company 30 years ago. Located on the seventh floor are the editorial offices for JET, BLACK WORLD, and BLACK STARS magazines. Also on this floor are the EBONY Fashion Fair offices, the library, and projection/conference room. The gold wall in the reception area of the seventh floor is made of wood and is covered with 25 coats of hand polished lacquer. On the eighth floor are the EBONY editorial offices. This floor also accommodates the massive JPC photo files, art department and photo lab. Each EBONY editorial office is, as are all JPC executive offices, furnished with large credenza, and bookcase that is covered with custom dyed leather. Each credenza contains a refrigerator, color television and 8-track stereo hi-fi. Selected pieces for the JPC art collection accentuate the rich decor. The main executive offices and midwest advertising offices are located on the ninth floor. Across the front are the plush but functional offices of the Vice President and Comptroller, Personnel Director, Vice President and Assistant to the President and the Publisher's executive office. Also on the ninth floor is the JPC awards room, a giant jewel box especially built to house and display all of the top awards won by the company over the years for excellence in various fields. Employees of the company are especially proud of "their" tenth floor. The tenth floor was designed with the comfort, relaxation and service of JPC employees in mind. Most of JPC employees are young people and this floor was designed to accommodate their taste for bright colors and mod designs and furnishings. All rooms in the front dining area have sliding walls which makes it possible to set up private areas for almost any size breakfast, luncheon or meeting. There can be as many as five private dining areas or one main dining area for a large gathering. The fabric used in the test kitchen is plastic laminated for the doors and cabinets to provide continuous wall designs. On the eleventh floor is the VIP lounge and reception area, two private VIP offices, dining room, conference room, the publisher's private executive office and executive apartment. The Sphinx / October 1973



U n i t e d


House of Representatives HON. RALPH H. METCALFE of Illinois in the House of Representatives Thursday, December 16, 1971 Mr. METCALFE: Mr. Speaker, Mr. John H. Johnson of Chicago, publisher and editor of the largest black publishing company in the world, is a man who started from humble beginnings and because of his zeal and zest and desire to succeed, has become a giant in the business world of America. Mr. Johnson, a product of ARKANSAS CITY, ARK., started his first publication—then NEGRO DIGEST, now BLACK WORLD—with a loan of $500 from his mother, Mrs. Gertrude Johnson Williams in 1942. His first office, a Brother Metcalfe storefront in the 5600 block of mezgeT State Street in Chicago, launched what was eventually to become a tremendously successful career in publishing.


In 1945 he decided to expand his small enterprise with a second publication and in that year EBONY magazine made its bow with 25,000 copies for distribution. In 1949 he moved his office to a larger facility at 1820 S. Michigan Avenue and by 1951 he had added two more magazines—TAN, now BLACK STARS, and JET—increasing his publications to four. JET became the first black weekly news magazine in the country. Today, the Johnson Publishing Co. is the largest black company of its kind in the world with circulation records that challenge those of publishing companies across the Nation. Its largest magazine, EBONY, has served as an inspiration to black achievement in the United States and is now read by some 5 million people each month. BLACK STARS has a circulation of 250,000; JET, 555,000; and BLACK WORLD, 110,000. (Continued on page 28)

The reception desk in the VIP lounge is of striped zebra wood and the panel in front of the desk and doors of the credenza are of real alligator, lacquered red. The walls of the reception room are padded and then covered with falls (upholstered). The walls of Mr. Johnson's private executive office are covered with suede. In the private dining room, the walls are lacquered wood paneled, accordian style. The north wall is bronze mirrored. Mr. Johnson's private office has a suspended plastic ceiling that gives the appearance of a skylight. On the walls of the conference room are blocks of leather that were applied with a herringbone pattern. There are many special electronic devices in each room on this floor. Operable from Mr. Johnson's desk by remote control are the draperies, lighting, music and color television. 27

House of Representatives (Continued from page 27) Many of our black writers in this country had their beginnings at Johnson Publishing Co. Mr. Johnson has enjoyed the very finest of reputations in Chicago and throughout the country, and has served in various capacities in the best interest of his city, state, and country. He serves as an inspiration to anyone wishing to succeed and has been a special motivating force for black youth. I would like to call your attention to an article, "The EBONY Success Saga," by A. S. "Doc" Young which appeared in the LOS ANGELES SENTINEL on Thursday, November 11, 1971. This article best describes the success of John H. Johnson and provides a source of inspiration to anyone who reads it. The article follows: THE EBONY SUCCESS SAGA (By A.S. "Doc" Young) In America today, and in many other parts of the world, millions of black people (and some white as well) eagerly await the arrival of each month's EBONY Magazine. EBONY is for them an indispensable source of information, entertainment, and instruction. Now in its 27th year, the major property owned by Johnson Publishing Company, Inc., EBONY ranks among blacks as an institution. In print media circles, especially in the magazine field, it is simultaneously a curiosity, a quality publication, an excellent advertising medium, some kind of a miracle. When one thinks of the huge number of black magazines which failed before the first EBONY was published in 1945, and the substantial number of black magazines that failed since that time, the survival and growth of EBONY do seem like some kind of a mircle. A more exact explanation, however, is this: EBONY is concrete testimony to the business genius, irreversible determination, and imagination of its publisher, John H. Johnson, who is also the editor. From its beginning, the magazine—a quality product with four-color covers, coated white body, exclusive photographs, consistently good writing, and fine art—has understood the "wants" of black people, especially that great black craving for success images, for portrayal in positive forms, for intrarace heroes, for inspiration as well as "news," education, entertainment. EBONY, while adhering to sound business policies, also has exercised a publishing prerogative to give the black people what its editors believe the black public needs. The success of EBONY Magazine—one of our magazines published by Johnson Publishing Company—probably can be explained in the same terms Nat King Cole once used to explain his success in show business. "I give the public what it wants," Cole said, "and, in turn the public accepts the things I want to do." The formula worked for him and it works for EBONY. Just how well it works is revealed in its guaranteed circulation of 1,250,000, in EBONY'S November "Backstage" stage revelation that "in October, we published the first issue . . . which contained more than $1 million in gross advertising revenue (exact figure: $1,133,393)," in the fact that the current edition contains a big fat 202 pages plus, of course, four covers. At a time when Look folds and other major magazines are crying the blues, EBONY is still growing. In December, 28

EBONY and other JPC properties will move into a new, 11story building located in downtown Chicago, a couple doors south of the Conrad Hilton Hotel. In all probability, John H. Johnson long ago became accustomed to outstanding success as a black publisher. But there was a time when he, too, appraised it as a miracle. His primary object on entering business, he once said, was to be his own boss. He was then working for the Supreme Liberty Life Insurance Company, scanning white publications for stories about black people. He got the idea that a magazine which reprinted such articles, plus originals, would be successful among black people. In 1942, he made his debut as a publisher with NEGRO DIGEST (now retitled BLACK WORLD). NEGRO DIGEST was successful. Three years later, he founded EBONY. In time, other magazines were added to the JPC group, among them TAN CONFESSIONS, which has been replaced recently by BLACK STARS, and JET, which made its debut on Nov. 1, 1951. Each one of the JPC magazines bears the stamp of quality, for the publisher recognizes the importanct of quality in the Afro- American market; recognizes it, fact is, as a vital factor in long-term success. The timing of new JPC magazines always has been excellent. Numerous servicemen as well as statesiders found in NEGRO DIGEST a handily packaged wealth of information they could not find in any other publication. Blacks, previously bombarded with negativism until they were numb, pridefully identified with EBONY. Doctors and lawyers placed it in the lobbies of their offices; maids took it to work with them and so much as said to their employers, "We're doing big things too!" Teachers used it to add a new dimension to the educational experience of their students; for multi-millions, EBONY became an important reading experience. On the strength of EBONY's success, and the success of other JPC magazines, John H. Johnson has expanded inlo the publishing of books (1962), including a handsomely bound Pictorial History of Black America; the formation of book and record clubs, and other ventures. Over the years, meanwhile, he also realized the dream of innumerable employees— to head the firm that hired him. He heads Supreme Liberty! Not the least of EBONY's positive deeds is the glorification of the black women. That is seen not only in stories and pictures dealing with beautiful black women, but also in the numerous job opportunities it has opened up for black models and the vastly popular EBONY Fashion Fair. EBONY also has been responsible, of course, for breaking new ground, advertising-wise, with major American business and industry and providing opportunities for talented black writers, artists, advertising marketing people and other professionals to work at the top level of their fields. It all adds up to a success saga of great proportions. There is no way to properly evaluate the importance of EBONY Magazine to a race of peole who, all too often, suffer from a poverty of communications media. It is a success saga which testifies to the often-remarkable vitality of Chicago blacks. Undoubtedly, that has much to do with it all. Chicago blacks always have seemed to be more progressive in business and industry than those, say, in New York City, which is ironically, the communications center of the nation. John H. Johnson planted a $500 investment in Chicago territory in 1942. In that fertile ground, it became a multi-million-dollar enterprise. The Sphinx / October 1973

Blacks Must Abandon Politics of Poverty, Philosophy Of Despair


Message from Brother John H. Johnson Editor's Note: Recipient of a special award for "highest achievement by an active businessman" from the United Mortgage Bankers of America at New York City's WaldorfHotel, JET Publisher John H. Johnson responded with a message that inspires thought and provokes action. Here are excerpts from his speech: On July 4, 1776, this nation was conceived in liberty and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal . . . When the Declaration of Independence was signed, some Americans were obviously more equal than others. Indians, not taxed, were excluded entirely as a basis for apportionment in the House of Representatives. And Blacks, who numbered some 20,000 out of a population of 168,000, were each counted as three-fifths of a person.

Percy Sutton presents Brother Johnson the Publisher of the Year Award.

Television appearance on Black


Almost two hundred years later, we find that much of America remains separate and unequal . . . We are gathered in this place today to make a determined effort, calculated to awaken the owners and managers of the capital resources of this nation and to assess our own needs for sophisticated management as a mechanism for survival in the urban milieu. We must not fail in our purpose to establish a game plan for preventing "Hudville" from becoming "Mudville" in the central city . . . Black people have made a tremendous investment in this country, since its inception. We, too, have pledged our lives, our property and our sacred honor to the fulfillment of the great American dream. For over 350 years, we have been sinking our blood, our tears and our labor into the blue-chip investment that has become America. But we have yet to reap our fair share of the blessings of liberty and the accrued dividends of a trilliondollar gross national product. And so we are gathered here today to call in a note which is long overdue . . . Our greatest fight today is for greater participation in the economic abundance of the wealthiest nation in the world . . . The Sphinx / October 1973

Brother Johnson received the National Business League's A. G. Gaston Businessman of the Year Award in recognition of his outstanding success in business enterprise.

Many Blacks who live in the central city are middle-class people with no desire to move to the suburbs. They like the "big city" and prefer to improve their lives where they are. It is there that their roots are planted in the culture and institutions that give stimulation and meaning to their lives . . . All housing in the Black community need not be public housing and the development of middle-income housing offers great potential for the Black mortgage banker . . .

Mortgage banking is now a $100 billion business . . . The Black mortgage bankers must continue to design investment packages aimed at getting a bigger portion of this $100 billion slice. The eighteen-month freeze will have a massive effect upon all of you and many of you will be hard pressed for funds to finance new construction. We all realize this, but we must continue to face this challenge of unprecedented magnitude . . . (Continued on page 30) 29



(Continued from page 29) Last week, in Chicago, the president of this organization stated that a national survey of Black mortgage firms indicated that nearly 90 percent of you will fail unless the federal housing subsidy is restored. All of you know that success is not guaranteed in any business. When you take a risk, you make a risk — even under the protection of the federal government. What happens if you do go under because of this untimely ending to the federally-insured housing program? Will you lie there in "Mudville" flat on your face, or will you pick yourself up and get back into the race? You are not the only people whose occupations and professions are being threatened in these changing times . . . Jerry Butler sings a song which says "Only The Strong Survive." And we will survive because we are a strong people. Strong, not because we control any vast wealth of this land, but because of our inner personal resources. We are the true experts on survival in this country. We survived slavery, the misery of sharecropping and the Great Depression. And we shall survive the chronic unemployment and shortage of housing in the poverty-infested hell-holes of the urban ghetto . . . Blacks must participate in the rebuilding of our inner cities. We must take on the roles of urban planners, architects, engineers, contractors and, above all, mortgage bankers. We must not be pushed off the urban scene by the 21st Century or be forced to remain as economic chattels. It should not be our lot to live out our lives on concrete plantations which only reflect a new style of economic colonialism. I know of no one living in the urban ghetto who has taken an eternal vow to poverty. Urban decay is not to be the heritage of Black people. . . . Nobody should be more expert in the rehabilitation of substandard housing, the building of shopping centers, schools, hospitals, single family and apartment dwellings in the central cities than you . . . It is not our destiny to inherit the wastelands of America or to ride forever on the tail end of progress and prosperity. The economic life of this nation is no longer a spectator sport for Black 30

The United Negro College Fund Award.

As one of the six top U.S. businessmen appearing on FACES OF BUSINESS — USA on Channel 13.

Brother Johnson Accepts NAACP Spingarn

Americans. We must abandon forever the .politics of poverty and the philosophy of despair. The time has come for us to move again — this time from Beale Street in Memphis to Wall Street in New York. Land, labor, capital, government and Black mortgage bankers must all unite in a regenerative spirit to collect the Black mortgage on America which is now due and payable with compound interest and a few extra points. I am deeply honored by this award which I accept not as a personal tribute but as a testament to the values and aspirations we all share.


1 am also mindful of the fact that you are honoring in my name all the persons who helped me along the way. I think particularly of my mother, my wife, my children, and the employees of Johnson Publishing Company. Nor can I forget in this connection the subscribers and advertisers who have loyally supported Johnson Publishing Company through the years. All these persons and institutions throng my mind as I accept the Henry Johnson Fisher Award. And I thank you personally and collectively for the honor and for the responsibility that the honor implies. (Continued on page 31) The Sphinx / October 1973


A Voice Heard By Many People . . .

(Continued from page 30) It is flattering, of course, to be cited as publisher of the year. But I don't quite know how to interpret the citation. For, as I have said elsewhere, some publishers were born great; some had greatness thrust upon them — and others merely survived TV. On these occasions, I am always reminded of the postcard I received from a young man who had obviously read the widely publicized story of how I borrowed five hundred dollars to start the first of my four magazines. He said he had come into possession of five hundred dollars — by unspecified and presumably legal means — and that he had a good magazine idea. He had, he said, followed the first two steps of my publishing formula and the only thing he wanted to ask me was:

John H. Johnson with former late president Lyndon Johnson.

Brother Mai Goode, ABC interviews Brother Johnson.


"What do I do next?" There is, of course, no simple answer to that question. In fact, as we all know, there is no magic formula for publishing success. I have been publishing magazines for thirty years now and the one thing I have learned in that time is that the secret of publishing is that there is no secret which applies to all publishers in all situations. Every publisher, stumbling in the dark, invents his own formula and blazes his own path. And his success, to a great extent, depends on his originality and boldness in recognizing and meeting a public need The operative words here are "originality," "boldness" and "recognizing and meeting a public need." I stress these words because I believe they explain the continued vitality of the magazine industry, which continues to grow despite the premature obituaries of carping critics. I stress the words also because I believe they hold the key to the two major challenges of our times: the internal challenge of adapting to new constituencies with new demands, and the external challenge of mastering the changing urban environment. These challenges are of pivotal importance to the magazine industry and I would like to deal with them at some length. But before taking that step, I would like to relate my experiences as a publisher to these dominant challenges. The Sphinx / October 1973

Again . . . A voice is raised College Fund.

It was in response to the dual challenges that I entered the publishing field. During the early years of World War II, I edited a company publication for Supreme Life Insurance Company. As part of my duties, I was required to read all major periodicals and to prepare a digest of black-oriented stories for the company president. From time to time, I would discuss these digests with friends and relatives. And their responses prompted me to publish NEGRO DIGEST, a monthly condensation of Negro-oriented articles in magazines and newspapers.

to support

the United


For obvious reasons, it was dificult to finance this venture. So I went to a finance company and pawned my mother's furniture for five hundred dollars. With that as a capital base, I persuaded a printer to extend credit. By working nights, my wife and I prepared the copy for the first issue of five thousand copies of NEGRO DIGEST, which appeared in November, 1942. Within a week, all copies were sold. Within a year, we were selling some fifty thousand copies a month. (Continued on page 32) 31

BLACKS (Continued from page 31) It was during this period of frantic growth and improvisation that I formulated my basic approach to publishing. We had only a handful of employees at the time, and I had to write stories, edit copy, sell magazines and negotiate with angry creditors. This was a valuable experience which I recommend to all magazine publishers. By dealing with all facets of the production process, I developed a total approach to magazine publishing. And since that time, I have always evaluated one part of the publishing process in terms of its impact on the whole. With NEGRO DIGEST solidly established, I turned my attention to a new and larger venture. At that time, few publishers presented the black personality in all its shades and dimensions. I decided therefore that there was room for a picture magazine which would concentrate on black achievement and the little-noted social and cultural activities of black Americans. The new magazine, which was called EBONY, appeared on the newsstands for the first time in November, 1945. It was an immediate success and was soon selling 200,000 copies a month. Today, it has a circulation of 1,300,000 and is the largest circulated black-oriented publication in the world. At one time, the bulk of EBONY'S circulation was in newsstand sales, with less than 20 percent going into homes on mail subscriptions. Today, more than 80 percent of our circulation is in dependable mail subscriptions, and we still sell about 250,000 copies on the newstand. Despite that fact, I am not in agreement with publishers who downgrade the importance of newsstand sales. In my opinion, newsstand sales are still the best barometer of the response of the readers. Subscribers are already committed, and it is impossible to completely judge the impact of the magazine by their responses or lack of responses. From the beginning, I considered EBONY as a vehicle for building and projecting the image of black Americans — an image that had long been shattered and distorted by media oriented primarily to the dominant culture. I felt that America could never take its rightful place in the front ranks of the struggle for human dignity as long as millions at home were shackled by the crippling 32


Brother Johnson at his desk. FCC granted permission to change call letters WGRT to WJPC. First and only Black owned station in Chicago.

Mrs. John H. Johnson, sponsors the Ebony Fashion Fair. Millions have been raised by charitable organizations with her cooperation.

JPC John H. Johnson, Jr., Linda Johnson, pose with their grandmother, Mrs. Gertrude Johnson Williams.

effects of a damaged and degraded selfimage. I felt then — and I feel now — that every man must have a wholesome image of himself before he can demand respect from others. Over the years, EBONY has changed with the changing aspirations of its readers. Blacks have become more aggressive in all areas of American life, and EBONY has broadened its format to reflect the contemporary aspirations of its readers. The magazine originally expressed the brighter side of black life and highlighted black achievement. But achievement in the old era was measured to a great extent, by material things. Today, achievement is measured in terms of

whatever a man sets out to do. Our heroes in the forties and fifties were sports and entertainment figures like lackie Robinson and Lena Home. Today our heroes are civil rights leaders like Ralph Abernathy, Jesse Jackson, Roy Wilkins and the late Martin Luther King, Jr., Malcolm X, and Whitney Young. The essential point here is that people are moving, and media must move with the grain of the times. In this context, we might consider the words of Abraham Lincoln. Lincoln refers here to the crisis of the Civil War, but his words are just as applicable to the crisis (Continued on page 33) The Sphinx / October 1973



(Continued from page 32) of this hour. "The dogmas of the quiet past," he said, "are inadequate to the stormy present. The occasion is piled high with difficulty and we must rise — with the occasion. As our case is new, so we must think anew, and act anew." Nothing could better illustrate this point than the two major challenges we face today — the internal challenge of adapting to new constituencies, and the external challenge of mastering the changing urban environment. There is no need really to detail the dimensions of these challenges. We are all familiar with the challenge of the new constituencies of blacks, youth, women, and the disadvantaged. We are also familiar with the endless catalogue of urban ills. I do not intend to bore you with statistics and concrete examples. I merely want to indicate here that these challenges are crucial to our development as an industry. For I am convinced that neither America nor the magazine industry can reach their full height without a creative confrontation with these new realities. If we want to master these realities and extend the boundaries of our industry, we must make it our business to reevaluate our strategies and structures. The time has come for us to integrate our personnel and our vision. I believe an immense and concerted effort is necessary to make us one people. There has never been a total effort on the part of the media to teach Americans to live together. I believe the urgencies of the hour make it necessary for media to embark on such a crusade. It is important also to deepen our commitment to public education. It is not enough today to provide fragmented information. In this dangerous and desperate hour, information must be interpreted and placed in a context of meaning and value. As people become more aware of themselves and the contexts of their lives, they want to know why things are happening. And if I read the signs right, it will be necessary in the future to go behind the headlines and moving cameras and tell what is happening and why. There is also a need to develop new strategies for specialized audiences. As we all know, there is a trend toward (Continued on page 34) The Sphinx / October 1973

An Honorary

Degree from Morehouse


Brother Johnson, chief executive officer of Supreme Life Insurance Co., accepts $25 million pact from Edward E. Carlson, president of United Air Lines.

115th COMMENCEMENT: Following ceremonis celebrating tne 115th commencement exercises of Wilberforce University, the nation's oldest Black college or university, the Ohio school's president, Dr. Rembert E. Stokes, (1) poses with honorary doctorate degree recipients (1-r) John H. Johnson, publisher of JET and president of the Johnson Publishing Co.; Mrs. Patricia Roberts Harris, Washington, D.C., attorney and former U.S. ambassador to Luxembourg and Charles Morning, President National Insurance Assor-iatinp 33



(Continued from page 33) specialization as reflected in the increasing popularity of magazines published for special markets. At Johnson Publishing Company, we have attempted to keep pace with this development by adding additional magazines to reflect the varying facets of black life. TAN, our woman-oriented magazine, was founded in 1950; today, under a new name, BLACK STARS, it appeals to the mushrooming teen-age market. JET, a digestsized news and picture magazine, founded in 1951, is now the largest circulated black newsweekly. We have also revamped the structure of our first magazine, NEGRO DIGEST, which is now called BLACK WORLD. Our plans for the future include a completely new magazine, EBONY JR., which will be the only black-oriented children's magazine. The new magazine will be designed for readers from six to twelve. It will include biographies, black history features, games, puzzles, and short stories. In my opinion, this venture is desperately needed to build positive images and to improve the reading skills of black youths. There will be a major announcement on this venture in January. What I am concerned to emphasize here is the importance of flexibility, and the importance of understanding the different approaches required for different life situations. Beyond all that, I want to emphasize the importance of responsible daring. It is scarely necessary to remind publishers that magazines must entertain as well as inform. But the danger here is that the publisher will blunder into the sin of dullness by mistaking his own limitations for the limitations of the public. Based on my own experiences, I would say that the greatest danger we face today is not daring but dullness. I think we will have to be more daring in the future. Businessmen speak of cautious optimism and perhaps we should think in terms of responsible daring. We have to anticipate what the reader will want tomorrow by walking a step ahead of him. In fact, we have to anticipate the reader's desires and wishes by leading him, step by step, to what he really wants. This is particularly important in developing new strategies for new constituencies. I have been involved primarily 34


' Mlf If : -'^

Dr. Samuel Massie and John H. Johnson at N.C.C.

Brother Johnson and the late Brother Whitney Young of the National Urban League.

Honors from the School of Communications, Syracuse University.

in publishing black-oriented magazines. But I discovered early that it is impossible to publish a successful magazine for one general audience without an awareness of all audiences. This meant that I had to be sensitive not only to the aspirations and moods of blacks but also to the aspirations and moods of other ethnic groups. And I would like to suggest here that this bifocal vision is a prerequisite for successful publishing in the changing world of today. We must learn now to think in living color. We must see not only blacks and whites but also women and youth. We must reflect all the modalities of the pluralistic world in which we live. Let me say in conclusion that there is no need for despair, I believe re-

sponsible men working together can solve all problems, and I believe that we shall overcome in this land. I believe, in short, in the silent power of the possible. I believe in risk and daring and public responsibility. I believe that magazines exist in a concrete world and must be responsible to that world. I believe finally in the power of persuasion, in the power of truth. I believe the word is mightier than the sword and, in the end, will prevail. Thank you again for honoring me and all the men and women, black and white, the subscribers and workers and advertisers — all those, living and dead, who believed in me and the idea my magazines represent. The Sphinx / October 1973

Brother Lewis Caldwell

Chicago, Illinois

of the



House of Representatives


^ *


Lewis A. H.


Bill Would Add Policy Game to State Legal Gambling List

Theta Chapter of Chicago photographed

after raising funds for this Youth Group.

$28.1 MILLION ADDITIONAL TITLE MONEY AVAILABLE CHICAGO — Urban and rural school districts serving the highest concentrations of children from low-income families in 46 states and the District of Columbia received an additional $28.1 million under grant allotments announced by HEW Secretary Casper W. Weinberger. The awards are made under Part C of Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, authorizing special additional grants to eligible urban and rural school districts. The funds will be used to help defray the costs of compensatory education programs and are in addition to approximately $1.56 billion in Title I grants awarded school systems in Fiscal Year 1973. Largest Federal Aid Program Title I, the largest of all Federal aidto-education programs, serves nearly 6.6 million educationally deprived children in 13,900 school districts. Projects are designed to meet pupil needs for remedThe Sphinx / October 1973

ial reading, language development, mathematics, and other instructional programs and services. The extra Title I money allotted under the Urban and Rural Grant program will be used during the 1973-74 school year. It will help support new or expanded projects for preschoolers and youngsters in elementary school in some 4,000 school districts. To be eligible for a grant under the Urban and Rural program, a school district must have 20 percent of its schoolage population drawn from low-income families, or 5,000 such children who comprise 5 percent or more of the total school-age population. The amount each school district receives under the special program is limited by the district's basic Title I grant and the total funds available for the fiscal year. New York State has been allotted $4,989,802, the largest state allotment.

SPRINGFIELD, ILL. — After legalized bingo and the proposed state lottery, what next? Legalizing the numbers game, according to State Rep. Lewis A. H. Caldwell (D-Chicago), who introduced a bill to do just that Friday in the Illinois House. Brother Caldwell, author of the 1945 novel on the subject called "The Policy King," said, "Now that we appear to be moving toward a state lottery, it is only proper that we give the same confederation to legalizing the numbers game." Betting numbers, which is also known as the policy game and bolita in black and Latin communities, thrives in lowincome areas, Caldwell said, because bets can be as low as 25 or 50 cents. He said his bill, by legalizing the game under private corporations licensed by the state, would drive organized crime out of the racket. "People have been playing policy for decades and they will continue whether it's legal or not," said Caldwell, who also wrote his master's thesis on the subject in the late '30s. Ten per cent of the gross receipts would go into the state treasury for welfare and education, Caldwell said, which is better than having it go "into the pockets of fat-cat syndicate crooks." Brother Caldwell is past secretary and Life member of Xi Lambda Chapter, Chicago, Illinois. 35

University of


Confers Doctorate Degree on Francis A. Kornegay ANN ARBOR — Brother Francis A. Kornegay of Detroit thus became the first Urban League executive director in the nation to earn a Ph.D. He received the degree from The University of Michigan at the recent commencement. The personal significance of his achievement may be surpassed by its consequences for urban Detroit. Bro. Kornegay is already taking steps to implement the mandate of his doctoral dissertation, "A Community Survey of Problems and Needs of an Inner City Area of Detroit." A graduate of North Carolina College, Bro. Kornegay earned a master's degree in guidance and personnel from the U-M in 1941. He entered the Ph.D. program in education, counseling and guidance three years later. But his work at the Urban League, which he joined in 1944, slowed the progress toward his doctorate. "In 1960,

just as I was to take the doctoral examinations, I became the League's executive director," he related. "I felt that this new challenge demanded my full time attention." Subsequently he was awarded an honorary doctor of humanities degree in 1965 from Wilberforce University, the oldest black university in the nation, another honorary degree in 1970 from Grand Valley State College and another in 1971 from Eastern Michigan University. In late 1970, he again decided to matriculate, focusing his dissertation on 3,038 families in the area of 12th Street, Detroit, the scene of the July 1967 riot. "We wanted to know, in the aftermath of the tragedy, what residents felt were the most urgent needs of their area," "Bro. Kornegay recalled. He found that recreational facilities ranked highest. "Parents wanted places where their children could play under

Posed together at the University of Michigan Commencement are (left to right) Brother Francis A. Kornegay of Detroit, Michigan, the first Urban League executive director in the nation to earn a Ph.D degree; University of Michigan President Robben W. Fleming; and Brother William E. Alexander of Ann Arbor, Michigan who was the recipient of the "Most Outstanding Life Member Award" of Alpha Phi Alpha at the National Convention in Denver on July 12, 1972. Brothers Kornegay and Alexander are both University of Michigan Alumni as well as outstanding Alpha men in Michigan and the United States. Both Brothers have also excelled in the fields of human relations and are respected citizens in their respective communities; 36

University of Michigan President Robben W. Fleming congratulates Brother Francis A. Kornegay upon receiving the Ph.D. degree at the commencement exercises in Ann Arbor, Michigan.

supervision and develop their skills and talents," he reported. Other major concerns are: — Employment: "Unemployment is three times as high among blacks as among whites, and at least five times as great among black youth as among white youth," Bro. Kornegay noted. — Housing: "In response to residential problems, a Housing League has been formed to rid the community of absentee landlordism, enforcement control and encourage home owners, buyers and renters to keep their property in good condition." — Educational opportunities: "Blacks account for 75 per cent of Detroit's school drop-outs. This has caused us to establish the John C. Dancy Street Academy for Drop-Outs, where youngsters can receive the equivalent of a high school diploma by passing the general Education Test and then enter junior colleges and other institutions." (Continued on page 37) The Sphinx / October 1973

Brother Oliver N. Greene to Serve Georgia Elementary Principals Brother Oliver Nathaniel Greene, past president and editor to the Sphinx of Theta Nu Lambda Chapter of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc. was recently installed as president elect of the Georgia Association of Elementary School Principals of the Georgia Association of Educators. Brother Greene will serve in this position for one year and will become president the next. His major responsibility as president elect will be to direct and coordinate the Annual Conference for the Association. Brother Greene has been associated with the Principals Association since 1961. He became an officer in the Department of Elementary School Principals of the Georgia Teachers and Education Association in 1963. Since then he has held numerous positions and has represented the Association at regional, state and national meetings. In 1965, he served as a group leader at the Annual Convention of Elementary Principals in Miami Beach. Florida. He represented the Association at the 1966 Conference in Washington, D.C. whose purpose was designed to merge dual associations. From 1968-70, he served as editor of News and Trends, the official organ of the Department of Elementary School Principals of Georgia Teachers and Education Association. Brother Greene is the son of Mrs. Lula Greene and the late Cato B. Greene

KORNEGAY (Continued from page 36) — Police-community relations: "We are developing programs that would encourage partnership between citizens and law officers, and programs in which youth can be involved in precinct work." — Consumer education: "We are planning means of making residents aware of deception and overcharge in food, housing, merchandise and other areas." — Health facilities: "The survey revealed that some families and individuals have not seen a doctor or dentist in two to 10 years. We are looking at ways to encourage local residents to have annual physical examinations," Bro. Kornegay said. "The board of directors of the DeThe Sphinx / October 1973


Brother John Hoggs

Oliver Green

of LaGrange, Georgia. He was graduated from the East Depot High School in 1949 and entered Morris Brown College in September of the same year. He graduated in 1953 with the Bachelor of Arts Degree. Columbia University conferred the Master of Arts and the Professional Diploma in school administration in 1957 and 1967 respectively. Additional graduate work in educational research was completed at Atlanta University in 1968. (Continued on page 65)

troit Urban League is seeking approximately $750,000 which could fund an additional 24 staff members to carry out the seven point mandate of the survey over a three year period. "We have already deployed six of our staff members to work in these areas, and are meeting with Model Cities and other agencies to examine ways in which we can bring about new programs together. Residents of the survey area are involved in the planning and policy making stages and will play a large role in directing the programs once they have been set up." Once under way, Bro. Kornegay stated, the services will be a model of social engineering for the Urban League movement and the entire nation.

Brother John Hoggs, head boys' basketball coach of the West Point Class B. State Champions, has been named Boys Basketball Coach of the Year for Class B by the Georgia Athletic Coaches Association. Brother Hoggs who has also been selected as Boys Basketball Coach of the Year in Region 5-B by the association was presented plaques honoring his achievements at an awards luncheon held at Atlanta's Sheraton-Biltmore Hotel on July 20. Asked his reaction of the awards, Hoggs who has coached basketball at West Point High School since September, I960 said that he had received many congratulations from members of the association for the good job that he did with the Raiders. He added that the members told him there was nothing accidental about him receiving the awards. West Point won the state basketball crown by defeating Treutlen County 6967 in the Macon tournament held last March. WP got to the finals by winning the region and the subregion, as well as 23 of 30 regular season games. Brother Hoggs said, "Naturally we're hoping to repeat as state champions next year. But it's going to be tough because the teams that we play will have no problem getting up for the games with us." Brother Hoggs is Parliamentarian of Theta Nu Lambda Chapter. He received both A.B. and M.A. degrees from Alabama State University. 37

GAMMA M U . . . ...Livingston


THE BROTHERS OF GAMMA MU CHAPTER: Top Row: Fom left to right: Albert Washington, Arthur Brewton, Julius Moore, George Gilmore, Willie Conyers, John McCain (Treasurer), Larry Giles. Bottom Row: From left to right: Gary Butler, Ralph Nelson, James Perkins, Vergel Lattimore, Jerry Carter, George McNeely, Keith Sills, Melvin Coleman. Not Pictured are: William Shutord, Robert Garnette (Parliamentarian; Rep. to Pan Hellenic Council), William Forte (Corresponding Secretary), Herman Funderburk, Verlon Anderson.

Greeting from the brothers of Gamma Mu Chapter of Livingstone College, Salisbury, N. C. Over the previous year we have engaged in several activities. We visited the Veterans Administration Hospital in this city. The visitation is an annual project for us. At the hospital we sang songs and gave shows for the entertainment of the patients. In addition to this we carried on conversations to show the patients that we cared. Refreshments were sponsored by the brothers. We strive for human development. We also had a fund raising drive that continued through the summer for Sickle Cell Anemia. We would like to share with the rest of the brothers results from the work that the Brothers of Gamma Mu had done. The following brothers received awards for their work. Brother Arthur Brewton received awards for the best Student Director, Most Cooperative Thespian, and an award from the Julia B. Duncan Players, all centered around the Drama Guild here at Livingstone College. Brother Albert Washington received an award for the best supporting actor. Brother James Perkins received awards for placing first and second place for short stories submitted to the Bear's Tale Annual Literary Publication Contest. Brother Larry Giles received awards for placing second and third place for poetry submitted to the Bear's Tale Annual Literary Publication Contest. Brother Giles also participated in the Foreign Exchange International Competition of the English Speaking Union in New York City. Brother Vergel Lattimore, HI received the Sociology Department's MacDonald Award and the school's Clement Jackson Award. We are proud of these results and we are proud to be brothers of this great fraternity. (Continued on page 39) 38

THETA NU LAMBDA CHAPTER In September 1973 brothers in Theta Nu Lambda Chapter awarded the 197273 Scholarship to Marcus Hall who is presently attending the University of Georgia. Marcus Hall is the son of Mr. and Mrs. Frank Hall of West Point, Georgia. Marcus Hall represents the third recipient of the Alpha Phi Alpha Scholarship Award. The recipients in past years were Jackie Davis, a student at the University of Georgia and Leonard Gates, a student at Morehouse College. Several brothers in Theta Nu Lambda Chapter have received promotions and/ or have changed positions. Brother Charles R. Willoughby local President was appointed Principal of West End School in Hogansville, Georgia. Brother Frank Lewis chapter secretary has been named to the faculty of LaGrange College. Brother Lewis is the first black named to the faculty of LaGrange College. Brother Oliver N. Greene was elected President-elect of the Georgia Association of Elementary School Principals.

GAMMA NU CHAPTER The Gamma Nu of A P A Frat. Inc. is very proud of its Brotherhood. We are truly striving for the best that Alpha has set as criterion for its industrious men. We stand abreast with each other working to the fullest. We have planned many things for the oncoming year. But we look forward to moving into our new home, a place we can definitely call a House of Alpha. I feel as Pres. that if the request for new lodging is approved all other imperative things will then be added and esculated. Fraternally Yours, George W. Smith Jr. President The Sphinx / October 1973

ETA DELTA CHAPTER "Sun-Tan-U... Miami in the Sunshine" by Bro. Willie B. Hill Chapter Editor to the SPHINX As the sun sets daily over beautiful Miami, it gives off an enchantment of radiant light that blends into a setting of Golden Sparkle. It has been often remarked that this glorious visage represents the true essence of ALPHA PHI ALPHA . . . THE LIGHT OF THE WORLD. Just as those familiar scenic sun rays cast their shadows over the campus of THE UNIVERSITY OF MIAMI; ETA DELTA Chapter holds the tradition and honor of being a part of an eloquent organization which emits the light of knowledge to all the world. The Chapter has kept up with this practice by mirroring its accomplishments and achievements through the membership ever since its founding in 1970. Eta Delta has long been earning a place among the greek system here at the University. The overwhelming participation goes beyond compare. The Chapter has bonded together to try and achieve the development of those social, academic and personal philosophies in which our founders initiated in 1906 on Dec. 4. It has set its goal of recreating those scholary aspects which college was so developed. The Chapter holds the largest membership than any other Black Fraternal organization on campus. In the academic year of the Fall 1972-73 term, Eta Delta held the highest overall cumulative semester average; over all of the sixteen (16) Greek organizations chartered on cam-

pus. It has held more socially oriented functions than any organization of its type. Brothers have received honors from organizations such as: Order of Omega (Highest fraternal honorary at the University), Student Body Government Service awards, and many other accolades from a variety of Service organizations. Miami has seen many renowned faces among the brotherhood of Alpha. Great Alphas such as: Bros. ERNEST N. MORIAL and WALTER WASHINGTON respectively, General Presidents; Bro. Charles H. Wesley, Historian; Southern Regional Vice-President Bennie J. Harris; National Convention Chairman Kermit Hall and Congressional Member Bro. Ronald Dellums (D.-Cal.) Since 1970, there has been a total of twenty (20) undergraduate brothers to be initiated into Eta Delta. A significant number because it has been the largest number of brothers to be admitted into a Black Fraternal organization on campus. We extend an open invitation to all our brothers to visit the Fun City of the South, Miami In The Sunshine. The true brotherhood of ALPHA PHI ALPHA can only be obtained through its membership. Eta Delta Chapter will always keep that torch which is the light that guides our lives and navigates our hearts toward the "MANLY DEEDS, SCHOLARSHIP, AND LOVE FOR ALL MANKIND." ALPHA FOR LOVE IS ALPHA FOR LIFE


(Continued from page 38)


ALPHA'S COMING THROUGH! Students have been inspired by the interrelationship that the brothers have with the community. They have also been inspired by the brothers capacity for leadership. Brother Arthur Brewton was elected president of the Student Government Association. Brother George Gilmore was elected treasurer of the Student Government Association. Brother James Perkins was elected president of the Junior Class. In addition to this he was elected editor of the school's literary magazine and corresponding secretary to the Pan Hellenic Council. Brother George McNeely was elected chaplain of both the Pan Hellenic Council and the Junior Class. Brother Vergel Lattimore was elected president of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc. Gamma Mu Chapter. During the past semester the brothers of Gamma Mu reactivated a nearby chapter, Zeta Epsilon Barber-Scotia College, Concord, N . C. The brothers of Gamma Mu Chapter cordially express wishes to all Greekdom for a very successful year. WHAT'S Alpha's coming through ! ! The Sphinx / October 1973

IOTA TAU LAMBDA On June 8, 1973 the Iota Tau Lambda Chapter of Alpha Phi Alpha celebrated its yearly closing activities with its annual Ball at the Farmville Armory, Farmville, Va. The Armory was decorated with helium balloons floating over each table. The decoration was done by Brothers Moore and Morton to which we are forever indebted. More than five hundred (500) guest joined the brothers in this gala affair. The John Turner Orchestra of Suffolk, Va. delighted those attending until early Saturday morning. Persons attending consisted of brothers and friends from all of Southside Virginia. During intermission remarks were given by Brother Sydney Gilliam. He commended Iota Tau for their growth, activities and making Alpha Phi Alpha known throughout all of rural Virginia. He closed with the presentation of plaques for "Alpha Men of the Year" to Joseph B. Pervall — 1970-71, Brother Charles White — 1971-72, and our president, Brother Douglas Cooley — 1972-73. These brothers were cited for service to community and faithfulness to true principles of Alpha Phi Alpha. Our chapter is consisted of graduate brothers serving in Amelia, Buckingham, Charlotte, Cumberland, and Prince Edward Counties. During the year three (3) Neophites were initiated into Alpha Phi Alpha and two (2) graduates were added to the chapter's roster. Plans are under way to reclaim all Alpha men who are not connected with the group. Brother Patterson has already rejoined the chapter, after completing a successful year in advance study at V.P.I. Brother West has also completed a year of advance study in Dentistry at Minnesota University. At the beginning of the 1973-74 school year, we plan to invite all new Alpha men coming to this area to join our group. Fraternally yours, Brother Joseph B. Pervall Editor to Sphinx Brother Douglas R. Cooley Chapter President 39

EPSILON LAMBDA Outstanding Chapter of ALPHADOM for a brief period when Brother Harry Colbert served as moderator). The focal point of the program is to encourage youth to continue their education; discourage school drop outs, and dispense information to the youth of the community pertaining to various career fields and occupational fields with the hope of inspiring them in a choice of a career or giving them some helpful information in a field that they may have already chosen. Comes June, Alpha Phi Alpha's "Accent On Youth" will have embarked upon its 11th year of riding along the airways via Radio Station KATZ, St. Louis, Mo.

Mrs. George Charles Davis Jr., 515 Nirk Avenue in Kirkwood, was honored as the Mother of the Year inceremonies held Sunday morning by the Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity at the St. James A.M.E. Church. She is shown from left, with her husband, George C. Davis III, son and Ronald Smiley, president of the Epsilon Lambda of the Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity. In addition to years of teaching Mrs. Davis has been a photogrammatist with the Aeronautical Chart and Information Service. For 25 years she served as organist-directress of the senior choir of St. James. She is a graduate of Stowe Teachers College. In Kirkwood she is active with the Civic Club, NAACP, and the Kirkland Historical Society. Mr. Davis is a retired postal employee and advertising representative, and George III, is president of Davis and Associates Insurancy Agency. Photograph

by Irving A. Williamson

Epsilon Lambda Chapter of St. Louis, Missouri submits to the Sphinx, for publication its following exploits. It is high time this chapter of the Midwest Region let our Brethren know of a few of our activities. Epsilon Lambda's President, Brother Ronald Smiley is doing an outstanding job in a reclamation program. The chapter is maintaining an average attendance of 50 brothers per meeting. This chapter was the pioneer of the Housing program of the fraternity, having planned, and implemented $5,000,000.00 plus of housing developments in the West End of St. Louis. There are 3 separate Developments, namely: Alpha Gardens, Alpha Towne and Alpha Village. Brothers in the persons of E. Keith Pickett, Shelby Freeman, Morris Hatchett, Lamar Smith, Arthur Ray, John D. Buckner and others spent many hours in working towards the success of this program. The month of May 1973, marked the 10th anniversary of a Chapter Public Affairs Radio Program: "Accent On Youth." This program has been hosted by Brother Joe Gunnel], (Except 40

Our revered General President, Brother Walter Washington was the principal speaker at our most successful Founders Day Program, where Brother (Dr.) Blair Carter received the chapter's coveted Daniel W. Bowles award for outstanding service in the community and Brothers Thomas Gentry and John R. Pope received awards for outstanding service to the chapter. (Brother Daniel W. Bowles was a charter member of Beta Chapter and also a charter member of Epsilon Lambda. He was an outstanding lawyer, citizen and Alpha Man.) At this writing Epsilon Lambda has 116 fully paid Life Members and 7 suscribing Life Members. This very active chapter leads the national organization in Life Memberships. Tis said that in Epsilon Lambda; "You must be a Life Member before you can enter Omega Chapter." Epsilon Lambda also observes an annual Mothers Day Program. It is usually observed at a church pastored by one of our Brothers. However, this is not necessarily standard procedure. Each church visited by the chapter receives a plaque as well as a check from the chapter. Brothers in attendance help further by donating additional cash. Not only do we honor the Alpha Mother of The Year, but recognize all the former mothers of the year in addition to all mothers of Brothers present whether they be parent of sons in College or Alumni Chapter. A year ago in the month of June, Epsilon Lambda initiated another activity into its program. You've guessed it: A Life Member Dinner. Over a half a hundred brothers participated. Our illustrous Brother, Judge Bennie Harris waxed eloquently, as usual, and it was a Gala Affair. The atmosphere of real "Good OI' Alpha Spirit," fun and fellowship prevailed throughout the evening and it was decided that this Alpha Life Member Dinner is to be an annual affair. These are just a few of the activities involving Alpha Men of Epsilon Lambda Chapter of A Phi A, St. Louis, Missouri. Brother Joseph C. (Joe) Gunnell, Sr. Editor To The Sphinx The Sphinx / October 1973

Brother Woolfolk Named Piper Professor for 1973 Dr. George R. Woolfolk, well-known historian scholar, and Chairman of the PVC Department of History, has been selected as a "Piper Professor for 1973." Brother Woolfolk has been a member of the PVC Faculty since 1943. He holds degrees from the University of Louisville (B.A.), Ohio State University (M.A.) and the University of Wisconsin (Ph.D.) He is a member of the Waller County Historical Survey Committee, The Association for The Study of Negro Life And History, The American Association Of University Professore, The Texas State Teachers Association, The Texas State Historical Association, The Southern Historical Association, The Organization of American Historians and The American Historical Association. Brother Woolfolk is author of over 25 scholarly articles which have appeared in professional journals across the United States. In addition, he has written or served as co-author of four books. His latest book, The Free Negro in Texas, 1836-1860 is scheduled to be completed in the near future. He is a consultant to the television series "Black Frontier" sponsored by the University of Nebraska and the Ford Foundation. Currently Brother Woolfolk is an active participant in numerous professional organizations. He is a member of The Executive Council of The Association For The Study of Negro Life and History, Member of The Board of Editors of The Journal of Negro History, Member of Executive Council, Texas State Historical Association, Chairman: The H. Bailey Carroll Award Committee, Texas State Historical Association, Member: Committee on Living Museum, Winedale Farm (University of Texas), Member: The Heritage 76 Panel, The American Revolution Bicentennial Commission of The United States, Member: Ad Hoc Committee on American Revolution Bicentennial, The American Historical Association, Member: The Coordinating Committee for The Writing of The Centennial History of Waller County, The Waller County Historical Survey Committee, Member: Humanities The Sphinx / October 1973

Delta Delta Lambda Chapter Brother Edward Rodgers Is First Black County Judge

Attorney Edward Rodgers has been appointed as the first Black Judge of the Palm Beach County Court by Governor Reubin Askew. A native of Pittsburgh, Pa., Brother Rodgers received the B. S. degree from Howard University, Washington, D. C. He taught school in the area briefly before entering Florida A & M University Law School.

Brother Dr. George Ruble Woolfolk Epsilon Tau Lambda Chapter Prairie View, Texas

Advisory Panel, The Texas Commission on The Arts And Humanities, Vice Chairman: The American Revolution Bicentennial Commission of Texas, Vice President: The American Revolution Bicentennial Assn. of Texas. He's listed in the Directory of American Scholars, Who's Who In The Southwest, Who's Who In The South, Outstanding Educators of America, International Directory of Scholars and Contemporary American Writers. Brother Woolfolk is married to the former Douglas G. Perry and is the father of one son, George R. Jr., a graduate of the School of Communications at the University of Texas. Each year the Minnie Stevens Piper Foundation, (San Antonio, Tx) solicits nominations of professors from all of the senior Colleges and Universities throughout the State of Texas. The nominations are based on outstanding achievement and teaching. From the total number of nominees, only ten are selected and designated as "Piper Professors." Each "Piper Professor" receives a certificate and a cash award of $1,000.

Brother Rodgers is the holder of many "FIRSTS." He was appointed the first Black Assistant County Solicitor in August of 1965. He was the first Black to run for the Palm Beach County School Board in 1966, and also ran for that office again in 1970. He has served as the first Black substitute Judge of the West Palm Beach Municipal Court; as Chairman of the Riviera Beach Police Board and as assistant prosecutor and Municipal Judge in Riviera Beach, Florida. As a former president of the Florida Counsel on Human Relations, Brother Rodgers spearheaded many fights against discrimination in the West Palm Beach Police Department, the County Children's Home and in actions in behalf of the NAACP and the American Civil Liberties Union. Brother Rodgers is presently President of the Prudential Bank; Palm Beach County's First integrated bank. Brother Rodgers is married to the former Gwendolyn Baker, a native of West Palm Beach, who was his college sweetheart at Howard. They are the proud parents of three grown children. Brother Rodgers has always been a stabilizing force in Delta Delta Lambda and we applaud his many achievements. Gary C. Jones Secretary 41


Brother Waders J. Tyger

HAMPTON INSTITUTE, Hampton, Virginia — Waders J. Tyger, superintendent of the auto shop at Hampton Institute, is retiring July 27, after 40 years of service to the college. Brother Tyger actually began his career at HI as a student, earning a diploma in auto mechanics in 1930 and a B.S. degree in trade teaching in 1936. As a member of the teaching staff, he completed requirements for a M.A. degree in Industrial Education. For the past 13 years, Tyger has served as a member of the college's maintenance staff, in charge of the auto shop. He has been an active member of the Queen Street Baptist Church for 25 years, acting at one time as assistant treasurer and as chairman of the Boy Scout troop committee. Brother Tyger is currently filling the office of president of Delta Beta Lambda Chapter. He was inducted in 1959 as a member of the Quarter Century Club of Hampton Institute, of which he is a past president. He is also a past president of the Hampton Alumni Association, Hampton Branch, and a former first vice president of the Alumni Association, Middle Athlantic Region. Angle B. Owens, superintendent of Buildings and Grounds at HI and Brother Tyger's supervisor, characterizes him as having a "high degree of fidelity and a high degree of integrity. He is loyal to any responsibility." 42

Brother Brown holding position of Tax Collector has been reclassified to that of Tax Administrator with a $4,000.00 annual increase in salary because of additional staff requirements and because additional responsibilities have been assigned to the position since he came into office in 1968. Brother Brown is National Secretary to the National Federation of Settlements and Neighborhood Centers. He was selected as one of the first African-Americans to be honored by the African-American Historical and Cultural Society in its first Awards Ceremony. He has been mentioned in a leading column as a possible Mayoralty candidate (sheer speculation at this point). And he is a member of the Alumni Council of Golden Gate University. Finally, he served on the Board of the United Fund and on several of its committees.

Brother Thad Brown

BROTHER W . W . E. BLANCHET Outgoing President of Fort Valley State Brother Blanchet received his education at the following institutions: A.B., Talladega College; M.S., Ph.D. University of Michigan. During his years of service here at the Fort Valley State College he was Head of Science Department, Fort Valley Normal and Industrial School, Dean and Head of Science Department, Administrative Dean and Professor of Physical Science, the Fort Valley State College. Brother Blanchet a most dedicated leader will be missed by the Fort Valley State College family and Brothers of the Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity. Fraternally, Brother Randolph N. Hicks Gamma Zeta Chapter Brother W.W.E. Blanchet Brother Blanchet was named President of Fort Valley State College in 1966. He has dedicated forty-one years of service to this institution of higher education. The Sphinx / October 1973

Zeta Zeta Chapter, Oklahoma University

Brother Titus D. Duncan Honored Titus Dewayne Duncan, a member of Zeta Zeta chapter at Okla. University, was just recently initiated into the Alpha Chapter of Alpha Epsilon Delta Pre-Medical Honorary Society at Oklahoma Univ., in Norman, Oklahoma. Brother Duncan, a pre-med major, was the first Black ever to be initiated into the chapter since it began in 19??. The chapter currently has approximately 45 members. He is now in his third year of his pre-med work and plans to enter medical school after completion of this school year. His plans are to attend one of three medical schools: Baylor Medical School, UCLA School of Medicine or Meharry Medical College in Tennessee. He describes these schools as the best and in his own words says: "I am looking for the best school, with the best educational quality from which I can acquire the best knowledge; for my people deserve only the "best" and that is what I intend to give them." Bro. Duncan is now in the process of organizing a "Black Pre-Med Club" which will be called B.P.P.M.O. (Black People's Pre-Med Organization). He recognizes the fact that on the campus of Okla. University there are a wide number of qualified Blacks in the field of medicine who are capable of meeting today's medical school requirements,

Bro. Titus D. Duncan being congratulated by Chapter Director, Dr. Teague Self, as first black to be initiated into pre-med honorary fraternity at Oklahoma University.

but simply don't know who to see or what to do to apply for entrance to med school, whereas the whites possess a definite advantage with their clubs that readily provide this type of information. Duncan feels that by organizing a med club for Blacks, that the total populus of Blacks entering med school will definitely increase over a period of time. Brother Duncan is presently VicePresident of Zeta Zeta chapter at Oklahoma University and also Educational Director for the Brothers and pledges of the chapter. The chapter itself currently consists of approximately 45 undergraduate brothers, and 9 graduate brothers. The House, one of the largest in

the region, consists of 16 bedrooms, 3Vi baths, formal and informal living rooms, a game room, a dining room and lounge. Besides his Vice-Presidential duties, Brother Duncan is also one of those responsible for maintaining the upkeep of the frat house while he also assists the social chairman in planning events and future happenings to be held in the coming year. Brother Duncan has helped maintain the No. 1 title that Zeta Zeta chapter continues to uphold. Therefore We, Zeta Zeta, salute Brother Duncan on becoming another First, adding continuously to the infinite" rolls of Firsts" in the name of Alpha Phi Alpha.

Andrew L Jefferson, Jr. on Special Committee in Texas A special committee of the state's top elected officials named a 37-member commission to begin the groundwork on revision of Texas' amendment-riddled 97-year-old constitution. The appointments panel, headed by Texas Governor Dolph Briscoe, spent nearly eight hours behind closed doors culling the names of some 900 Texans which had been submitted for consideration. Brother Andrew L. Jefferson, Jr., a domestic relations court judge in Houston, Texas, and the first black ever apThe Sphinx / October 1973

pointed to a Texas court of record was named to help rewrite the constitution. Bro. Jefferson is a past president of Alpha Eta Lambda Chapter of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc. Alexton O. Mallory, Editor-to-the-Sphinx

Brother Andrew L. Jefferson, Jr.


IOTA ALPHA LAMBDA CHAPTER Havre de Grate, Maryland

Brother Fred Ross

Brother W. E. Davis

Bro. Frederick M. Ross, a 6-3/247 lbs. football player, came to the University of Miami with All-American credentials from Arizona Western Junior College. Bro. Ross was initiated into Zeta Alpha Chapter located at the University of Missouri, in 1970.

Brother William E. Davis is in the second year of his two-year term (19721974) as president of lota Alpha Lambda Chapter. He graduated from Arkansas A . M . & N . College, Pine Bluff, Arkansas in 1956 where he was a member of Gamma Delta Chapter. Under his leadership, Iota Alpha Lambda Chapter continues to carry on an aggressive program geared to the implementation of the goals of the Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity.

Last January, he immediately impressed coaches with his strength, mobility, and talents of protecting passers. One of the Hurricanes big offensive lineman, he has performed some with the first unit at strong side tackle in Spring Practice. He looked so tremendous on the field that the U. of M. has decided to start him this fall. At Arizona Western, Bro. Ross helped place his unbeaten team in the El Toro Bowl which was proven to be a tremendous upset by Arizona Western. He played prep football for East Orange High School in New Jersey; where he made All-District honors. And he also lettered three times as a defensiveman in Hockey. A Junior in the School of Art and Sciences majoring in Politics and Public Affairs, Bro. Ross has been a great influence to his other teammates desiring to join in the fraternal ranks of Alpha Phi Alpha. He hopes to enter the field of politics on a national level someday. He has often held ideas of achievement and accomplishment for the betterment of all mankind. Bro. Ross believes that any man who sets his goals in an inclin44

Brother Davis received his M. E. degree from George Washington University in Washington, D.C. in 1971. He ing direction, and has the on going determination, will ultimately reach his expectations in life. Bro. Ross has begun to bring forth inovative ideas for undergraduate involvement in the school, community, and the fraternity. His main purpose of obtaining an education is geared for the extreme purpose of educating other people of our race, in order to create a more suitable environment for all humanity. He believes that only through working together and planning progressive programs can we become that image we so often relate to as BROTHERHOOD. Brother Frederick M. Ross, a credit to Alphadom; A future leader among giants of our age in ALPHA PHI ALPHA . . . T H E LIGHT OF T H E WORLD.

is a former faculty member at Mississippi Valley State College. He is presently working with the Department of Army Service School Systems, Aberdeen Proving Ground, as an Education Specialist with responsibilities in areas of Curriculum and Quality control based upon world-wide surveys of graduates and their supervisors. In addition to his other community activities, Brother Davis serves as a member of the NAACP Voters Council in Harford County. Brother Davis' wife, Mrs. Thelma P. Davis, is an instructor in the Business Department of Bel Air High School, Bel Air, Maryland. They have two sons, Darryl and Brian and a daughter Crystal. Mrs. Davis is president of the Alpha Wives.

SICKLE CELL PROGRAM The current major civic project is the Sickle Cell Program. The planning for this project was begun during the presidency of Brother Louis L. Duncan, predecessor of Brother Davis and is now reaching fruition. During the planning stage, the Chapter was given expert guidance by Dr. Koeffer, Chief of Pathology and Laboratory Services at Harford Memorial Hospital in Havre de Grace, Maryland; Mr. Patterson and Mrs. Fogel, Medical Technologists at Harford Memorial, also gave valuable assistance. The use of needed Hospital facilities has been made available for the implementation of this program. A Sickle Cell Screening Clinic was held in the Washington Park Apartments in Aberdeen, Maryland on June 27 and 28, 1973, the first of a series of such clinics to be held throughout Harford County. Dr. George Stansbury, a member of Iota Alpha Lambda and a physician in Havre de Grace, Maryland, Mrs. Cassie Stansbury, R. N., Head Nurse at Perry Point Veterans Hospital and the wife of Brother Wardell Stansbury, and Mrs. Mary J. Coursey, Medical Technician, Harford Memorial Hospital, conducted the Clinic. During the two time periods on June 27 and 28, a total of 135 persons were tested. (Continued on page 69) The Sphinx / October 1973

PRINCIPALS OF PHI LAMBDA by Brother William M. Bell, Jr. Moorehead School will further enhance tht educational opportunities of the students we serve. The relationship among the black and white students is superb, notes Atkins. He feels that both groups are working together to make a better school.

SOME OF THE BROTHERS OF PHI LAMBDA CHAPTER, RALEIGH, NORTH CAROLINA Seated From Lett to Right: Brothers Felts Lewis, Richard Barfield, Milford Taylor, Charles Haywood, Quinton Wall, Warner Johnson, Richard Ball, Walter Davenport and Dearl Webster, Jr. Standing From Left to Right: Brothers Willie Bryant, Raymond Perry, Willie Lamb, W. Henry Peace, Joseph Christmas, John Atkins, Preston McClain, James McCall, James Eaton, William Bell, Jr., Cornelia Hubbard, Dr. Christopher Hunt, Johnnie Burke, H. Eugene Jordan and Garrett Laws.

A survey of 16 North Carolina school districts by the U.S. Civil Rights Commission shows 105 principalships were held by blacks in 1968 but only 84 of those principalships were held by blacks in 1970. The number of black principals decreased by 21 while the total number of principals decreased by only 9. Phi Lambda Chapter, Raleigh, North Carolina is proud of its eight principals. Five of them are actively employed, while the other three have retired. The following is a glimpse into the lives of these eight brothers. JOHN THOMAS ATKINS, JR. Brother Atkins is married to the former Miss Sarah Jackson of Pinehurst, North Carolina. They are the parents of two children, John III and Tara. He is principal of the Garner Road Unit of the Governor Moorehead School for the Visual Impaired, at Raleigh, North Carolina. This includes grades 4 through 8 and four ungraded classes. The enrollment is approximately 169 legally blind students. Teachers at the school need special training in braille and in teaching the visually handicapped. Brother Atkins has been principal for The Sphinx / October 19T3

two years. Previously, he was a teacher for nine years. He is a graduate of North Carolina A. & T. State University and North Carolina State University. He has done further study at UNC-Chapel Hill. Atkins would like to see the public made aware of the possible productivity of visual impaired persons being trained for occupations that are useful to society. Some visually impaired persons are employed in the legal profession, education, the ministry, manufacturing, entertainment and many other fields. He said the visually impaired person is not to be pittied. In administering a school Atkins believes in building a sound educational program for the visually handicapped, one that is flexible to change in the modern society, and in making sound decisions that are just to all, based upon the premise that all individuals have a right to an education. Atkins believes that quality education is paramount. His greatest source of satisfaction is to be able to work with children, to guide their lives and to help make them into productive citizens. Atkins says the future consolidation of the two campuses of the Governor

RICHARD L. BARFIELD Brother Barfield is married to the former Miss Elizabeth Easterland of Scotland County, North Carolina. They are the parents of one child, Richard L. Barfield, Jr., who is 11 years old. Brother Barfield is principal at Wake Forest-Rolesville Junior High School in Wake Forest, North Carolina. This is his third year as principal here. Previously he was principal elsewhere for 12 years. The school has approximately 750 students and 32 faculty members (including an assistant principal and a guidance counselor). The racial ratio of the student body is around 67% white to 3 3 % black. Helping students overcome their personal and social problems so that they can obtain an education greatly satisfies Barfield. Problem areas in the school are largely personal and social and include discipline, vandalism and a large number of inexperienced new teachers. Eleven of the faculty members are teaching for their first time. Brother Barfield's approach to administering a school is to try to meet the academic needs of the majority of the student body. The future at this school looks ideal. At present the community is somewhat anxious, but it is settling down and accepting the recent changes in desegregation that have been made. JOHNNIE EDWARD BURKE Brother Burke is married to the former Miss Doris McLean of Lumberton, North Carolina. They have two children, Ronald and Marcilynn. Brother Burke is principal of John Ligon Junior High School, Raleigh, North Carolina. He held this position for two years. The enrollment at Ligon is around 930 students in grades 7 through 9. The racial composition of (Continued next issue) 45

From the BROTHER HARRIS Fraternal Bond Elected to City Council at Eta Omicron Qf Asbury Park, N. J. The Eta Omicron Chapter of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc. is located on the campus at North Carolina State University in Raleigh, North Carolina. From the founding days of only two years ago by Brothers Arthur Clements, Eric Moore, Rufus Moore, Elwood Beeton, Marcus Martin, Michael Dae, and Marion Whigham the chapter has grown to be one of the leaders in the state.

He is a graduate of Howard University, put in four years of post graduate study at Homer G. Phillips Hospital, St. Louis; a year's fellowship study at Washington University in internal diseases and served in the Air Force for two years. In the true Alpha spirit, Brother Harris has been an example in his country. He is a life member of the NAACP, has served on the New Jersey Migrant Labor Board, Department of Labor and Industry, is a lay reader and vestryman in St. Augustine's Episcopal Church, is a member of the Monmouth County Men's Club, a former treasurer of the West Side Community Club of Asbury Park, a state medical director of the Elks, director of the Monmouth Boy's Club, and a member of the Shore Golf Club.

Some of the activities which we have been involved were the Pre-dawn dance at Homecoming, a breakfast program at nearby elementary school, sending cards to students who have been ill, a car wash for sickle cell anemia, an annual awards banquet, a picnic for new initiates, and a Big Brother program for underprivileged kids. The Chapter received the honor of "The State Chapter of the Year" at the State Convention held in Winston-Salem, N.C. Also the chapter is keeping up with the recent tradition of sending at least one Brother into the field of medicine. Brothers Benjamin Page and Ernert Perry McNeil will be enrolling this fall in the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and Howard University, respectively. In the last three years four students have graduated from here and entered the field of medicine and 11 more have been Alphas. The election of officers was held recently with the following Brothers being elected: President Lafayette Judkins Vice President Walter Cummings Secretary Albert Pannell Treasurer Don Williams Chaplain Calvin McNeil Dean of Pledges Ralph Robinson Asst. Dean of Pledges . . Harry Parker Historian Jerome Lofton Associate Editor to the Sphinx Edward McPhatter The Brothers of Eta Omicron would like to say, We're A P A ALL T H E WAY. Bro. Edward McPhatter Associate Editor to the Sphinx


Dr. Lorenzo W. Harris Zeta Epsilon Lambda Red Bank, N. J.

ASBURY PARK, N. J. — Dr. Lorenzo W. Harris, 51, a brother of the Zeta Epsilon Lambda graduate chapter, North Jersey Shore, achieved a longoverdue "first" when he became the first black elected to the city Council of Asbury Park on May 22. Brother Harris, who practices out of his home at 1033 Bangs Ave., Asbury Park, and is an associate attending physician at the Jersey Shore Medical Center, Neptune, which serves the area, is a former president of the Zeta Epsilon Lambda chapter.

HUMOR Why did the hog farmer prefer to sleep with his hogs than with his wife? His hogs had bigger "hams." Why did the deranged lighting equipment proprietor kill his wife? Because she told him to put out her "lights." Bro. Edward McPhatter Eta Omicron

Brother Harris faces a difficult task in a city which a few years back was torn by a riot which demolished much of the "black" section of town. He took office as a member of the minority faction against a well-entrenched poltiical group but has vowed to "tackle the problems of the West Side." This includes, he said, a battle against poor housing, unemployment and deterioration of services. Brother Harris is carrying not only an Alpha tradition, but a family tradition. His late father, a well-known sand sculptor, ran for council as far back as 1945, and his mother, Mrs. Kathryn Harris, has long been a crusader in the area for equal rights. She is a former president of the Shore Area NAACP and life member. Brother Harris lives with wife, Gertrude, and daughters, Nancy Renee, 16 an honor student and vice president of her high school junior class, and Sharon, a fourth grade teacher at Bangs Avenue Elementary School, Asbury Park. The Sphinx / October 1973

BROTHER BELFORD V. LAWSON Elected President of YMCA National Council CHICAGO — Attorney Belford V. Lawson, Jr., who was barred from a "for whites only" YMCA when he was a boy, has been elected President of the National Council of Young Men's Christian Associations of the United States. Senior partner in the Washington, D.C. law firm of Lawson & Lawson, he was a major figure in the case of Brown

Belford V. Lawson Past General President

Gamma leta


Brother Cleveland Named President of FVSC




Brother Cleveland Pettigrew is the next president of the Ft. Valley State College. His appointment was announced Monday, April 23, by Chancellor L. Simpson. Brother Pettigrew is the successor of Brother Waldo W.E: Blanchet. He received his B.S. Degree from Ft. Valley State college, M.S. from Atlanta University and Ph.D. from Cornell University. Presently serving as Dean of the Graduate Division, Brother Pettigrew has been associated with several other colleges. Former positions include: Asst. Professor of Education, Alabama State College; Professor of Education, Albany State College; and Director of the DiThe Sphinx / October 1973

vision of Education, Elizabeth City State College. Brother Pettigrew is a member of the Gamma Sigma Lambda Chapter at Fort Valley State. The distinquished brothers that received awards from Gamma Zeta Chapter at Fort Valley State also include Bro. Cleveland Prettigrew as well as Bro. Waldo W.E. Blanchet, Bro. Xavier P.'nellas, Bro. Otha Kincy and Bro. Robert Haines. Brother Pettigrew was chosen out of three nominees whose names were submitted to the Chancellor by an Advisor Committee composed of students, faculty and alumni of FVSC and citizens of Ft. Valley. The other nominees were Dr. William C. Brown Vice Chancellor, Fayetteville State University and Dr. Alfred Edwards, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, D. C. Succeeding Brother Waldo W.E. Blanchet who will retire June 30, Brother Pettigrew will become the fourth president of Ft. Valley State College. He will take office July 1, 1973. Brother Pettigrew was also the first alumnus of Fort Valley State College to receive his Doctorial Degree. The student body as a majority reacted favorably to his appointment. Most or the alumni feel very positive that he will become a very good President and execute all of his duties to the best of his ability.

vs Board of Education that resulted in the landmark Supreme Court decision in 1954 outlawing segregation in public schools. Lawson was the lawyer in the case which lost in Federal District Court but won on appeal in the Supreme Court. Bro. Lawson's election came at the 600-delegate, 46th meeting here of the National Council of YMCAs last weekend. The National Council is the legislative and policy-making body of the 1,800-local YMCAs federation in the United States. It meets every two years. A graduate of the University of Michigan and Yale Law School, Lawson is a member of the Bar of the Supreme Court of the United States, life member of NAACP and a director of Chesapeake & Potomac Telephone Co. He is also a member of the Federal City Council Executive Committee, and past general president of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity. Brother Lawson was the attorney in another landmark court case, that of Henderson vs Southern Railway Co. In that case, he argued successfully before the U.S. Supreme Court that blacks were entitled to equal treatment and use of facilities while traveling on railroads. In that case, the Court held that the right to be free from unreasonable discrimination belongs to each particular person. Where a dining car is available to passengers holding tickets entitling them to use them, each such passenger is equally entitled, the Court ruled. Brother Lawson, who also is president of the YMCA of Washington, D. C. recalls that when he was a boy growing up in Roanoke, Va., the YMCA was "for whites only." Today, the Constitution and By-Laws of the National Council require that all local YMCAs be open to all, regardless of "race, color, or national origin." When Lawson was named president of the Washington YMCA he became the first black to head a major metropolitan YMCA. Despite being "over 30," he feels the YMCA should, in action as well as words, be "young." He has been a member of the Washington YMCA for 24 years and on its Board for 12. 47

Miami, Florida




Plaques were awarded to Brother Daniel Francis and the brothers listed In the article.

Miami Alphas of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc. were quite busy during the final days of its 1972-73 activity year which ended amid a very large attendance of Alpha men. Brother Samuel L. Gay, Dean of Pledgees presented three very prominent young men to hold the name of Alpha high. They are Brothers Levi Wilson, Eddie Fields and Cyrus Jollivette. Brother Levi Wilson, Jr., chief of planning and evaluation of the Dade County Manpower Administration, is married to Manette and has three lovely daughters, Valerie, Opal and Kimberly. He is a graduate of Booker T. Washington High School, Florida Memorial College and Florida International University where he received a degree in Public Administration. Bro. Wilson is a 32nd Degree Mason, Shriner and Jackson Consistory, member of the American Society for Training Developers, among others. Bro. Eddie Fields, agent with the Miami District of the Internal Revenue Service, is married to the former Dorothy Jenkins and the father of two charming daughters, Katherine Leticia and Edda Leenise. He is a Northwestern Senior High and Miami-Dade Community College graduate. In 1970, he earned his B.S. degree in Accounting from Florida Atlantic University, and holds membership in the National Association of Accountants and the American Accounting Association. Bro. Cyrus Joloivette, Managing Editor of the Miami Times, is married to the former Lynda Perry of Washington, D. C. and is the proud father of a recently arrived daughter, Lynn Monique. He is a graduate of Archbishop Curley High School and the recipient of the B.A. and the Master of Administration degree from C.W. Post College, and Long Island University, Brookview, New York, respectively. From an extensive list of professional and social organizations of which he is a member include the Board of Directors of the Miami Urban League, the National Newspaper Publishers Association, Dade County Minimum Housing Appeals Board, and Panelist on WCKT-TV Channel 7's Perspective. Beta Beta is proud to welcome these three progressive young men. As is customary for our last annual meeting, words of 48

Brother Syrenees Baker receive a unique plaque from Brother Fred Johnson tor dynamic leadership.

inspiration and thanks were presented to members for their dedication and service to the fraternity. Presentations were made by Brothers James Gay, Clarence Ewell and Frederick Johnson to some of the members in photo number 2. Among these are new officers for 1973-74: George Koonce, Jr., President; Samuel Gay, Vice President; Franklin Clark, Secretary; Solomon C. Stinson, Financial Secretary; Dr. Nathaniel Colston, Treasurer; Jonathan Thurston, Dean of Pledgees; William E. Clarke, III, Associate Editor to the Sphinx; Clarence Ewell, Director of Educational Activities; Frederick Johnson, Historian; Willon Taylor, Sergeant at Arms; Leo Adderly, Parliamentarian; Ronald Taylor, Chaplain. Bro. Emanuel Fryer, Sr. of Iota Pi Lambda Chapter beautifully installed the new officers. Aside from other presentations made, a unique plaque was presented to Bro. Syrenees Baker, outgoing President of Beta Beta Lambda for dynamic leadership during the past terms and to Bro. Daniel Francis for meritorous service as Associate Editor to the Sphinx. The Sphinx / October 1973

Grumbling, La.

Epsilon Kappa Lambda

EPSILON KAPPA LAMBDA CHAPTER WIVES: (ALL SWEETHEARTS): Elfreida Humphries, Everline Eiland, Lela Davis, Wilma Jean Porter, Mildred Moss, Marie Hall, Hattie Perkins, Patricia Spence, Doris Robinson, Ruth Stewart, and Beatrice Jennings.

I EPSILON KAPPA LAMBDA CHAPTER: Bro. Dr. Lee Perkins (Life Member) being cited with an "Achievement Award" by Bro. Alexander Marshall as Past President Julian Spence looks on.

Epsilon Kappa Lambda Chapter, Grambling, Louisiana is continuing to lead its community. On May 22, 1973, the Brothers called a community and civic meeting to introduce the newly elected town officials and to inform them of the many problems of interest to us as the culminating activity for the year. This community has always looked upon Alpha to spearhead such an endeavor. Bro. Roy Moss, one of the founding Brothers of this Chapter, won by an overwhelming margin, one of the seats on the Council. In this months meeting, new officers were elected. The officers are: President: former Southwestern Regional Vice-President, Dr. J. T. Stewart (Life Member); Vice President Dr. Allen Williams; Secretary - Ronnie Washington; Asst. Secretary - Leroy Humphries; Treasurer - Roy Moss; Parliamentarian - Dr. Lee Perkins (Life Member); Chaplain C. C. Coleman; Editor to the Sphinx Julian Spence; Historian - Thomas Odom; College Brothers Advisors - Bennie Miles and Julian Spence. The Sphinx / October 1973

FOUNDERS DAY OBSERVANCE: Epsilon Kappa Lambda Chapter entertain their wives at the local Holiday Inn in paying tribute to our Seven Jewels.

Other highlights of the year were: Contributions to the local Science Fair, Church visitations, Day Care Center; joint meetings with College Brothers and Alpha Wives; participation and support of Voters League and NAACP, and representation to the State, Regional, and National Conventions. Various entertainments were sponsored by the Chapter which included the Annual Ball held at the local Holiday Inn, Wives Appreciation Dinner, and the Founders Day Observation. The Alpha Wives in turn entertained us in their usual gracious and charming fashion. They held their annual Valentine Party and again with their Annual Wives and Sweetheart Ball. Hat's off to all beautiful Alpha Wives and Sweethearts. The Chapter paid tribute to Bros. Eddie Robinson, President of the National Inter-collegiate Athletic Association, Fred Hall, Allen Williams, and Gerald Ellis who all were conferred terminal degrees. Also honored were Bros. Allen Williams, Fred Hall, and

Alexander Marshall for stage productions that traveled extensively during the year. Bros. Leroy Humphries for his work with the Symphony Band, and Ernest Lampkins, cited by Downbeat Magazine, for his jazz productions, workshops, and symposium which included such stellar stars as Donald Byrd and Kenny Burrell. Bros. Roy Moss and Leroy Humphries were the recipients of the "Achievement Awards" for 1972-73 year. Projections for the coming year include reclamation, "Go to High School Go to College," emphasis, Life membership drive, and continued community and civic responsibility and pride. We shall continue to transcend all as we go into a new Year. The way looks bright for Epsilon Kappa Lambda Chapter. College days, swiftly pass, Embued with memories fond. And the recollection, slowly fades . . . Julian C. Spence Editor to the Sphinx 49

Memphis Alphas Honors Three Memphis State University Stars By Brother W. ÂŁ Lindsey, Jr.

MEMPHIS ALPHAS HAVE FALL ROUND-UP — By Bro. W. E. Lindsey, Jr. Brothers of Alpha Delta Lambda Chapter seated left to right: Willie E. Lindsey, State Representative Harper Brewer, Atty. George Brown, W. T. McDaniel, Thomas Perkins, Charles Patterson, William Cross, Kenneth Cole, State Senator and City Councilman J. O. Patterson, D. J. Thomas, Second Row: Harold Winfrey, Chapter President, State Representative Ira Murphy, Anderson Bridges, Walter Martin, Melvin Tuggle, Eldridge Williams, William Hawkins, Atty Walter B. Evans, Louis Holmes, Walter Evans, Earnest Young, Edison Morrison, Third Row: Willie McGee (Washington, D. C), Harold Brooks, Wallace Wilburn, Jr., Clinton Ragsdale, John R. Stokes, State Representative Harold Ford, Thomas Watkins, Rosco Overton, Henry Harris, James Smith, Aaron Powell, Troy Williams, Alfred Harrison, Sylvester Mallett and John Smith. Brothers present, but did not get on the picture were: Harold Shaw, Dr. W. O. Speight, Atty James Swearngen, Joe Young, Dr. J. W. Westbrook, Willie Dobbins, Logan Mitchell, George Johnson, Aubrey Turner, Hastings Stewart, Joseph Williams, Garfield Powell, Clarence Christian, Charles Sueing, George Watkins, Rudoph Christian, Willie Chapman and James Clemmons.

Brothers of Alpha Delta Lambda Chapter had the honor of showing homage to three outstanding Memphis State University athletes at their "Annual Spring Formal Dance," which was held in the beautiful Holiday Hall Ball Room of the Holiday Inn Rivermont Hotel. Two of the athletes in the persons of Larry Finch and Ronnie Robinson led the Memphis State University basketball team to their first national victory in the history of the school's basketball team. They brought the Memphis State basketball team out of the doldrums and nearly reached the pinnacle of success before their defeat in the finals of the N.C.A.A. to the great U.C.L.A. basketball team, rated number " 1 " in the nation. They won the Missouri Valley Crown, and beat the great South Carolina and Kansas State basketball teams in the Mid-West Regional in Houston, Texas, last spring. With the loss to U.C.L.A. basketball team, they were rated number " 2 " in the nation. Larry Finch was named to the All Missouri 50

Valley team twice during his four years at Memphis State. He was named "Sophomore of the year" in 1970-71, "Player of the Year" in 1971-72, and led Memphis State University to berth in the National Invitation Tournament in New York. Ronnie Robinson was considered the top "REBOUNDER" in the Missouri Conference and selected to the Missouri Conference and selected to make the trip to China with the United States All-Stars last July. Both, Larry Finch and Ronnie Robinson are products of Melrose High School. A Memphis City School, where they were outstanding players on the team and won scholarships to Memphis State University. Finch, is now playing with the Memphis TAMS, a professional team from Memphis, while Robinson is playing professionally with the Utah Stars, of Salt Lake City, Utah. Stan Davis, Memphis State University's Football split end top pass catcher for 1972 season, was also honored, but was unable to be present. Stan Davis is

a graduate of Memphis Southside High School, where he received many honors during his high school days, and received a scholarship to Memphis State University in football. Like Finch and Robinson, Stan Davis was another "First" among men of color, who has made an outstanding contribution to the Memphis State University Football team and is now headed for the Pros. These three young men were presented plaques from the fraternity by our president, Brother Charles Patterson. Alpha Delta Lambda is very proud of these young men and feel that they will make a great contribution in professional ball. Our hats off to Larry Finch, Ronnie Robinson and Stan Davis. The Brothers of Alpha Delta Lambda Chapter opened the new year with a fall "ROUND-UP," at the beautiful "Flame Restaurant," with dedication to Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, who came out in full force to its first meeting of the season, which was most impressive with standing room Only! Emphasis wns placed on reclaiming and rededicating all unfinancial brothers in our fair city, this being our General President's, Brother Walter Washington goal to reclaim 3,000 brothers of Alpha. Brother Harold Winfrey, our newly elected and very capable president announced a new posture and program for the year of fraternal unity and community betterment and involvement. Brother Winfrey made several committee appointments and expressed his sincere gratitude to the brothers for having the faith in him to put him in the leadership position of the chapter. We, the brothers of Alpha Delta Lambda would like to wish Brother Winfrey God's speed in his new role. Other officers elected for the year and installed by Brother W. T. McDaniel, were Kenneth Cole, Vice President, George Clark, Recording Secretary; Eldridge Williams, Corresponding Secretary; Edison Morrison, Treasurer; John Stokes, Chaplain; Wallace Wilburn, Jr., Dean of Pledgees; and Willie E. Lindsey, Jr. Associate Editor to the Sphinx. (Continued on page 51) The Sphinx / October 1973


MEMPHIS (Continued from page 50)

Rockland County, N. Y.

Brother Eugene M. DeLoatch receives Eta Chi Lambda Man of Year Award.

Eta Chi Lambda Chapter (Rockland County, New York) recently held its eleventh annual education and scholarship program at the Sheraton Motor Inn in Nanuet, New York. The principal speaker was the Honorable Harold L. Woods (shown here at the right), Judge of the County Court of Westchester County. Judge Woods spoke on the ways that citizens can improve the quality of their lives by using all of their civil rights. He said that he felt that the next theater for our operations would be the courts. He recounted the fact that before the confrontations of the 1960's a foundation for the realization of our rights had been established in the courts. He said that courts today are not ready for the radical changes now thrust upon them. He suggested that courts must turn the control of the crime rate over to the community. While the courts have been liberalized, he said, there must be a closer liaison between them and the communities. Judge Woods emphasized the fact that the strength of our nation rests on the ability of the courts to guarantee our rights and to improve and guarantee the quality that comes forth from the democratic life. He urged those present to support the types of programs which Alpha Phi Alpha is sponsoring today. The Sphinx / October 1973

Eta Chi Lambda chapter's Man of the Year Award was presented to Bro. Dr. Eugene M. DeLoatch (shown here second from the left), a native of Rockland County, a member of Eta Chi Lambda Chapter and an associate professor of electrical engineering at Howard University. Brother DeLoatch was recently awarded his Ph.D. degree in biomedical engineering by the Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn. He was cited as Eta Chi Lambda's Man of the Year in recognition of his contribution to the Rockland County community over the years in steering youngsters into higher education and for demonstrating the heights that can be attained by local youth when they strive for high goals and refuse to be restricted by limited means. The chapter awarded a $750.00 scholarship to Clarence Edward Evans (Shown here second from the right), a graduating senior at Nyack High School. Mr. Evans graduated in the top twentieth of his class, was an all-county football player, ranking third in ground gained. He will attend the University of Connecticut. He was presented the award by Bro. Willie L. Bryant, DDS, (shown here at the left), president of Eta Chi Lambda Chapter.

Reading left to right: LARRY FINCH, Memphis State University Basketball Star, BROTHER CHARLES PATTERSON, President of Alpha Delta Lambda Chapter and Memphis Tate University Basketball Star RONNIE ROBINSON. Not pictured Memphis State University Football Star End STAN DAVIS.

Alpha Delta Lambda Community Involvement Committee, under the directions of Brother Aaron Powell is getting under way to start ringing bells at the "Alphas Goodfellows Booth," during the Christmas holidays. We raised pretty close to $2,000.00 last year in our booth, but we got a late start, this season we look forward to a $5,000.00 goal! We are paying on our second LIFE MEMBERSHIP to the N.A.A.C.P., of which several brothers are personal Life Members of the N.A.AC.P., our contributions to the "MISS SOCIAL BELL," contest, sponsored by the N.A.A.C.P. The contribution to the "Boys Club of America," the presentation of Alpha Scholarship Certificates, to high school fellows who excel in their grades each six weeks among many other worthwhile projects that we plan to do. Alpha Delta Lambda Chapter was very proud to have a host of brothers and their wives and children to attend the largest and one of the best National Conventions in this history of the fraternity held in New Orleans, La. during 51

Epitomes are helpful to the memory .. - WOOTEN


BROTHER DUNBAR SIMMS McLAURIN "A Scholar, Humanatarian, Husband, Father, Life member of Alpha Phi Alpha, did live and did die with a nobility



OMEGA CHAPTER July 10, 1973

ODE TO DUNBAR McLAURIN 1920 -1973 Though the cause of evil prosper, Yet, 'tis truth alone is strong, Truth forever on the scaffold, Wrong forever on the throne Yet that scaffold sways the future, And behind the dim unknown, Standeth God within the Shadow, Keeping watch above His own Dunbar Simms McLaurin Faced the cause of evil Jousted bravely against its prospering cause Like a knight takes on a dragon Fearlessly without a pause Then the dragon snorted fire Scratched the armour of our knight Lashed out deadly blows that pain Other knights were sougt in vain

Some admired him with reluctance Some respected his degrees Brilliant mind and Doctor, lawyer, Economist, Businessman Were concepts that did please So we watched with fascination With the dragon never tiring Blow on, Blow our knight delivered Strategy and strength expiring Till one day with full frustration Tragedy around his dream Our knight withdraws completely from the battle Lays sword and shield down by the stream Entering the chilly waters of the death wish many men have known He ran quickly to his scaffold

Thumbed his nose at wrong upon the throne If God is truly in the shadow I can hear Dunbar say He will sorely fight my battle Now that I ave gone away Ultimately righteousness shall prevail Finally, my cause it shall not fail Planted seed in death's destructions Blossoms soon in ressurection I do not know how long 'twill be Or what the future holds for me But this I know if my God leads me Our cause shall win and I shall be free. Brother Maurice A. Dawkins

Now though truth is on the scaffold Wrong presiding from the throne Nonetheless our knight persisted Counting on the dim unknown Back to the battle over and over Over and over and over again Seeking and over and over again Seeking, seeking never finding Ways to make the system bend Victim of a hybrid culture Roots in slavery, branches swaying with the free Dunbar held a deep conviction He could win for you and me Brother Dick Gregory, Gaylia McLaurIn and her father Brother Dunbar SImms McLaurin.


The Sphinx / October 1973

There goes a man whose majesty shined like a maytime morn

BROTHER DUNBAR SIMMS McLAURIN Dr. Dunbar Simms McLaurin, a lawyer, and famed black economist and organized of the Freedom National Bank. Harlem's first Black bank, died July 10, 1973. He was in the process of establishing the second Black controlled institution in New York, at the time of his death. He was Chairman of the Board, Director and Organizer of the Universal National Bank, the second minority bank to be given a charter in New York City in the past half century and first in the Wall Street area. As a monument to "Mac", as he was affectionately called, his friends are determined to activate the bank in the Wall Street area, at the same location, 15 Park Row, New York, N.Y. 10038. Members of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity and friends can contact Ms Dorothy I. Height, President of National Council of Negro Women, Inc., 815 Second Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10031, for information relative to investors. Brother McLaurin spent much of his time working to help minority groups. In, 1968, as a Consultant to the Human Resources Administration in New York, he drafted a plan to set aside perhaps as much as 10% of city government purchasing to be spent in Puerto Rican, Black and other generally poor communities. He also drafted an economic development program for slum areas, called Ghetto Economic and Industrialization Plan, that called for 10 corporations to be created in slum areas to funnel funds to new business or expand existing ones. The ultimate aim of the GHEDIPLAN was to help Black businesses and enterprises through the use of SBA and bank deposits. He was President of Ghettonomics, Inc., consultant firm formed to perfect the Ghetto Economic Development Plan. Brother McLaurin, long before it was popular, spent considerable time in Nigeria. He conducted feasibility studies and served as a special legal representative. He was personal friend of many African dignitaries, a friend and benefactor of countless African students, who came to the United States to attend the universities and colleges. He entertained both dignitaries and students in his home. The home, located on Fredrick Place in Mt. Vernon, New York, was seen in the documentary television series, "The life of successful Black Americans," by the late Louis Lomax, famed Black television commentator. Brother McLaurin, in recent years, in addition to supporting many civic organizations, including The New York Urban Coalition, he was an adjunct professor at the Columbia University Graduate School of Business. Prior to his service in the United States Army, he taught in the college complex of Atlanta, Georgia. Brother McLaurin remarked at a Washington meeting of the National Conference on Small Business in 1961 that "our social and political progress cannot help being matched by the same progress in economy and business." The McLaurin family is noted for their educational pursuits. The House and Senate of the State of Oklahoma in 1971, passed concurrent resolutions memoralizing the educational and cultural contributions which had been made to the State of Oklahoma by the entire McLaurin family, and by Brother McLaurin's father, George W. McLaurin in particular. At the time of Mr. George McLaurin's death, the City Housing Authority executed a resolution naming a housThe Sphinx / October 1973

Brother and Mrs. Dunbar S.


ing project in his honor. Honors of the McLaurin family stems from their continuing efforts to integrate the schools of Oklahoma, beginning with Brother McLaurin's mother, who in 1921 became the first Black to seek admittance to a white southern school. She was laughted at and it was called ridiculous. Their efforts continued, however, and finally culminated in the famous "McLaurin VS Oklahoma" case. In legal terms, the case is historically recorded, McLaurin V Oklahoma State Regents for Higher Education, 339 US 637, June 5, 1950. Chief Justice Vinson delivered this opinion in favor of George W. McLaurin: "After having been admitted to the State University, George W. McLaurin, a Negro, was required to occupy a special seat in the classroom, and a designated table in both the library and the cafeteria — all because of his race." Brother Thurgood Marshall was one of the battery of NAACP lawyers representing Mr. McLaurin. The United States Supreme Court declared unamiously that the Black student must receive the same treatment at the hands o fthe State as other students, and would not be segregated. Endowed with this spirit in reference to his educational background, young Dunbar McLaurin, embarked on a most unusual educational career. Brother McLaurin earned a Ph.D. in Economics from the University of Illinois after acquiring his A. B. Degree in Business Administration from Southwest College, in Kansas and a M. A. Degree from the University of Illinois. He was 21 years of age when he received his doctorate degree. In later years, he studied at Brooklyn College and received a Jurisprudence Doctorate in two years. In the aforementioned achievement he won a bet from a former classmate and Alpha brother, Gayle, that he would earn a law degree in less time than Brother Gayle earned his degree. (Continued on page 54) 53


A MAN OF HUMBLE FAITH... (Continued from page 53) The call to arms in World War II, was the pivital point of Brother McLaurin's career. His leadership ability and distinguished educational background was a factor in sending him to Officers' Training School. The "Maverick type" Second Lieutenant was assigned to the 92nd Engineer Regiment. Advancing in rank, he was transferred to the 742nd Anti-Aircraft Gun Battalion. He served with distinction until his discharge. His eyes, in the meantime, was on the vast amount of surplus war materials and equipment which usually accumulate in war areas. Several years after his discharge, at the age of 27, he had formed the Far East trade Association in Manila, which grossed more than $2 million dollars. The operation consists of a motion picture company, plus an automotive and heavy equipment ex-port-import sales organization. Brother McLaurin was a friendly challenger of Andrew Brimmer, a Black member of the Federal Reserve Board. Brother McLaurin favored Black Capitalism. He stated, in reference to Mr. Brimmer's remarks about Black Capitalism," The most important thing about Brimmer, however, is that he is black. When a Black man comes out against putting Blacks in business, it is almost like Arthur Goldberg coming

A family gathering

to examine the art of the Phillipine


out against the State of Israel and Jewish motherhood combined. It simply doesn't add up to the average person . . . I have a feeling that if we could get old Andy up to Harlem and let him eat some pig's feet and hang around Frank's and the Baby Grand for awhile, we could perhaps convince him that there is indeed a role for the Black entreprenuer to play just as there is a role for Brimmer himself to play at the pinnacle of the white financial world. This is an open invitation, Andy." To say more than, "Farewell, Mac," would be elaboration Our more than twenty years of Christmas celebrations has come to an end. I recall the holiday parties which included many who are now with you in the celestial skies, among them are Whitney Young, Diana Sands, Lou Lomax (Who refused to pay his tab at Wells, that Christmas), Tommy Smalls and many others. There was the party at your house, across the street and at "Skip's" and the party given by Phil and Edna Beach, who had a huge pig on the table with an apple in his mouth and loads of soul food. The Christmas that kept me snowed in on the top of the hill in Riverdale. Those were the days.

New Rochelle, N. Y. — At a reception given at his home for Nigerian delegates to the United Nations General Assembly session, DR. DUNBAR S. McLAURIN, economist, entertains guests with a jam session with U.S. General Assembly alternate delegate DR. ZELMA GEORGE, at piano. McLaurin played trumpet for his own enjoyment. From left: Mrs. Theodore Hubert, Mrs. Hope Stevens, Miss Pat Lanier (daughter of R. O'hare Lanier), McLaurin, Mrs. Gersulia Carter and Mrs. George.


It is hard to forget our countless episodes . . . It was in 1953 that you asked Brother Ed Gayles, one of your former class-mates, "What was he doing for a living?" Brother Gayles replied, "I am a lawyer." Your quick question was, "How long did it take you to finish Law School?" Gayle said, "Four years." You chided him by saying." Hell, if it took you four years, I'll finish law school during my dinner hour." That is why I always said, "Mac, if we had not met Gayle on the train, you would have never gone to Law School." (Continued on page 55) The Sphinx / October 1973


Life Is Spent In Service, Not In Scorn... (Continued from page 54) My vivid memory recall the time that we were in Cleveland, Ohio. We found out that there were a shortage of escorts at a conference. We pondered the question of renting escorts. You immediately called Brother Leroy Carter, who was in New York. After Brother Carter arrived in Cleveland, we activated an Escort Service. That was fun, we charged the ladies $5.00 for escorts and collected $5.00 from the escorts. We were so busy until we forgot to get dates for ourselves . . . we made money, but spent the nights in the hotel bar, swapping tall tales. The sad moment in our relationship arrived a Monday morning in August of 1959, when my mother passed. I walked from Mother Cabrini Hospital, to your office on 1125th Street. You looked at me and said, "Damn fellow, smile . . . you look as if all of your people are dead." I simply said, "Nope, just Mama." You replied, "Cut out the Bull , we stopped playing the dozens a helluva long time ago." When you found out that I wasn't kidding, you became serious, picked up your coat and said, "Come on, we got a lot to do . . . we'll talk about money on our way to the bank." We met Tommy "Doc Jive" Smalls in front of Frank's. We gave him the sad news and he joined us. We arrived at the bank, walking in as if we owned it and you asked for a Vice President. You greeted him with this statement, "Man, we need some money, we've got death in our family." After a half hour conference, I walked out of that bank with $1,000, with only your word of endorsement as security. The way was paved to meet the funeral expense. That gesture and the many other reciprocal exchanges solidified our friendship . . . "Mac," how can I forget you? . . . No, Never!" I knew that I had to write about you, so 1 spent a day with Liz. She met me at the station, it was raining cats and dogs. I don't have to tell you what Liz said about the lightning and the rain . . . wherever you are . . . you heard her! The weather cleared and with heavy hearts, barbecued steaks, without your favorite touch. We spent hours talking about you. We looked at hundreds of photographs, trying to decide what photographs that we would publish. We wanted your Alpha Brothers to share this moment with us and to remember that you shared your life with so many of us . . . and it was a good life. Since you passed . . . Gay is back in the School of Communications at Howard University. Brother Frankie Dee and I, spent a day with her during the latter part of the summer. We are keeping in touch with each other. Gay is doing fine, in fact, she made a straight "A" in three courses. She was too busy hitting the books and did not take part in the Home-coming activities . . . just like a "McLaurin." "Liz" spent a week with her recently . . . helped her move into another apartment. The Black Caucus Dinner was most successful . . . Brother Harold Sims was one of the fellows in charge. "Liz" was there . . . knowing that you would not want her to miss it. Ellen and Edna was there, too. The Sphinx / October 1973

Dr. McLaurin addressing the conference of ministers at the Manufacturers Hanover banks main operations center. Mr. Oldan S., V.P. in charge of the center is standing next to him.

At Dow Jones officers flanking Dr. McLaurin O'Donnel, Pub. Rel., Mr. Guifoyle.

are (L to R) Jim

Our lives were enriched by your love, and daring spirit . . . so, Liz, Gay, Ellen, "Pity-Pat," Ersa, Gussie, Wilk, Frankie Dee, Pete, Phil and Edna, Margaret, Dorothy and your neighbors . . . Al Cherney, Dolphin, John Silvera, Al Feinstein, Bill Jones, Gene Callender, Decker Clarke plus your host of friends and Alpha Brothers say, "Farewell," there was joy, whenever you were around and now it is sorrow in parting. As you said about Brother Whitney Young, when he passed, I am saying the same about you." Alphas lost a Brother, but I have lost a friend. You burned a candle at both ends. It did not last all night. But, Oh, my Brothers, and ah, my friends, it gave a wonderous light." So long "Mac." 55



BLACK ECONOMIST URGES PLAN FOR A SOUND GHETTO ECONOMY by Dunbar S. McLaurin "If you don't know where you are going. Any road will take you there—" (An African proverb) This proverb is characteristic of much that has been done or has been written about Black Economic Development and the so-called new Black Capitalism. Those who would fashion Black Capitalism programs — no matter by what name they call them — apparently have no idea as to where they are going or where they want to go. Therefore they advocate many different roads. Unfortunately, none of the roads lead to anything of substance. It is important, therefore, that before one can discuss the concept of Black Capitalism, whether "separatist" or "integrationist," one must define where one wishes to go with this instrumentality. And one must clearly define the terms that are involved. First of all, let us see where we wish to go, then perhaps we can determine whether we wish to go there by the separatist, or the integrationist, road. It is apparent to me that the only purpose of Black Capitalism or black economic development of any type, is to lead blacks toward attainment of liberation. Without economic freedom, there is no freedom. The utilization of economic means has only been the most recent effort to bring about Liberation and thus help blacks break the chains of the ghetto poverty cycle. Previous efforts toward achieving such Liberation have gone through various stages of emphasis, such as on social services, health, equal housing, welfare assistance, voting rights and civil rights. Even the right of intermarriage was seen by some as a vital part of the liberating process. For a long while prior to the shift toward economic empowerment through entrepreneurial means, it was thought that manpower training programs affording upgrading and full employment would result in the desired Economic Liberation. But it was soon learned by both blacks and whites that even if we had attained full employment of blacks this would not necessarily have meant economic empowerment. Blacks had full 56

Brother Dunbar S. McLaurin

employment on the plantation but this resulted only in economic empowerment and enrichment of their masters. Now it is apparent that even governmentsupported manpower programs will not result in the type of Economic Liberation which blacks are demanding. Although he apparently was late in recognizing it, no less an apostle of the status quo than Vice President Spiro Agnew stated last March in a speech to the National Alliance of Businessmen: "The concept of providing fuller economic participation to members of our minority groups must not be limited to job opportunities alone . . . the foundation of our economic system has been the astounding number and variety of small businesses." Although he apparently has forgotten, President Nixon himself stated the case for Black Capitalism much earlier in his "Bridges to Human Dignity" campaign speeches in the Spring of 1968. He asserted: "To have human rights, people need property rights — and never has this been more true than in the case of the Negro today. He must have the economic power that comes from ownership, and the security and independence that comes from economic power . . . we need more black employers, more black businesses."

As was predicted, the Administration's campaign rhetoric has not been matched by performance. And the goal of economic empowerment for blacks remains the same and remains unfulfilled. Even the most conservative blacks now recognize that economic empowerment is the only way of arriving at where the black man wants to go: achievement of substantive equality as an American. And it is apparent to all blacks that there can be no true equality until the black man has economic equality. Such equality means the opportunity to succeed, or to fail, in the business world and in the economy on the same terms as whites. This brings the white community face to face with its ultimate challenge — the necessity of permitting blacks to become economically competitive. This is a far moie challenging proposition than mere integration; it is more challenging even then miscegenation. It means that whites must surrender the last bastion of their superiority and compete with the black man in the economic arena — the ultimate arbiter of power. This is where blacks want to go and it is a goal which they insist they will not stop short of. This does not mean that blacks feel that every black man must be a businessman. What it means is that those blacks who wish to establish an economic base in the business world must no more be denied the opportunity to do so than those who wish to establish themselves in professions or in sports or entertainment. True Liberation means the right to participate fully, freely and competitively in the economic world as well as in other aspects of American life. Having determined where we want to go, it now becomes important to decide which road will take us there. Will it be "Separatism" or" Integration?" We must first clarify these terms because, for blacks, each has become emotionally laden. For many blacks, integration has meant the desideratum of total equality with whites. It meant merging into white society, and becoming associated with white people. In other words, it has meant becoming "a part of white America." (Continued on page 57) The Sphinx / October 1973

Short Range Separatism... (Continued from page 56) On the other hand, for many blacks, separatism has meant segregation; for others it has meant the establishment of a unique black enclave, a new black experience . . . the embracing of our own black communities and institutions, following the refusal and rejection of the white, community to accept us and "integrate" us within their communities. In my view, neither of these extreme concepts is desirable for blacks. When I oppose "integrationist economics," I am speaking of it in terms such as those used by Andrew Brimmer, the only black governor of the Federal Reserve Board. Brimmer suggests, it seems, that blacks ought to completely abolish their own economic instrumentalities, and become absorbed within the white system. He argues, for instance, that black banks are economically not viable and therefore should be replaced by more efficient branches of white banks in black neighborhoods. He argues that black businessmen should become managers and junior executives in large white corporations and not attempt to start their own small businesses which are, in Brimmer's view, foredoomed to failure because of the prescribed area and economic limitations of the ghetto. I must reject Brimmer's "integrationist economics" ideas. And this, I suppose, makes me a separatist. However, I also reject "separatist economics" as defined by CORE National Director Roy Innis, who apparently seeks a completely separate, black economy in which blacks deal with the white economy as though blacks were a separate nation. Innis seeks to "place a membrane around the community that allows full commercial intercourse with outside business interests while setting pre-conditions and guidelines advantageous to the community for those who may seek to operate within the community." He calls this principle "a tariff." I do not believe the majority of black people will buy the Innis concept of a separatist economy any more than they will follow Brimmer and deny the right of black banks and black small businessmen to exist. I believe that both Brimmer and Innis occupy extreme positions, and both have missed the main point. The ghetto is not a geographical area. It is a subconscious sociological concept which exists between blacks and The Sphinx / October 1973

whites. It is a concept based on the inferiority of one and the continued superiority of the other. Thus the ghetto is anywhere there is a confrontation, or even a relationship, between a black and a white. It is a vicious mental attitude rather than a physical area which can be enclosed as Innis seems to wish, or which can be ignored after "equal employment" as Brimmer seems to feel. On balance, however, I feel that, if he had to choose between the two extremes, the average black would probably choose the. Innis position. Perhaps this is due to the black cultural revolution. But for whatever reason, I believe that if the average black had to choose, for instance, between abolishing all black banks and creating more black banks, he would choose the latter. The real difficulty with the Innis position, as I see it, is that he advocates "separatist economics" as a permanent state of adjustment between whites and blacks. Innis would, in essence, create two economics, separate but equal. Bayard Rustin has characterized the Innis theory of "a new social contract" as one in which Innis views the black community as essentially a colony ruled by outsiders, thus there can be no peace between the colony and the "Mother Country" until the former is ruled by some of its own. When this stage is reached, according to Rustin's view of Innis, "All conflicts can be resolved through negotiation between the black ruling class and the white ruling class." (On his conversations with me and others, Innis has informally referred to this as "negotiations between equal barons.") Many have agreed with Rustin's harsh characterization of the Innis proposal as ". . . in many ways an uninformed and extremely foolish one," and furthermore, "the strategy implied by it is fatuous and unworkable." I would not go as far as Rustin. I believe that "separatist economies," even as defined by Innis, is highly useful and valuable if it is viewed as simply a phase or as a stage. The development of black banks, financial institutions and black businesses must be viewed only as a tactic within the framework of the strategy of ultimate integration within the economy. To forego enterpreneurship or individual enterprise or any black businesses simply because they are uneconomical to begin with, and to pour all of our brains into the development and enlarge-

ment of white businesses as Brimmer seems to urge, would be extremely hazardous. It would consign blacks forever to the role of workers and servants — albeit well-paid professional ones. One the other hand, it is indeed "fatuous" to expect that America can have two economies, one black and one white, operating side by side, and dealing with each other as foreign countries in the manner which Innis seeks. The true road to take is that of shortrange separatism, in order to achieve long-range integration. But the kind of "integration," which I advocate is an entirely different integration than that espoused by Brimmer. The Brimmer "integration" is an Integration of Individuals. What I speak of here is an Integration of Black Businesses and Financial Institutions. These black institutions must be integrated within the established economy in the same manner that white businesses and institutions are integrated within the economy. It is apparent, however, that black businesses are now much too frail to compete successfully directly within the economy. They must be sheltered, and nurtured — in the same way that American "infant industries" were nurtured in the early days — until they become strong enough to compete in the mainstream. In this respect, the utilization of the separatist concept of Innis will be useful. As Innis himself says, "What we are talking about, in the final analysis, is not jobs, but instruments that create jobs . . . we are talking about the acquisition of capital instruments on a major scale to maximize the flow of money in the community and begin that geometric progression toward economic wellbeing." I do not believe that blacks will argue with that point of view. When blacks have created businesses substantial enough to compete — after a period of sheltered, protected, preferential treatment — then they will have developed as institutions which can interact with the white economic community on the basis of equality. This is the same way that European immigrant groups have been successfully integrated into the American mainstream. For instance, Jewish retail stores started out serving Jewish persons. Then they expanded. The same is true of Italian construction companies. As a matter of fact, the largest bank in the world, the Bank of America, began by servicing Italian peddlers. (Continued on page 58) 57



THIS BANKER HAD A HEART By JOEL FISHMAN He vigorously upheld the theory that it was in the interest of the entire community to promote the cause of black businessmen.


it always is tragic when a man dies during the peak of his career, but the loss is even more poignant when that career is dedicated to human betterment. Mount Vernon sustained such Joel Fishman a ]oss this w e e k with the death of Dunbar McLaurin. McLaurin was an advocate of black capitalism before the phrase became popular. Not as flamboyant as Floyd Mc-

Kissick or other blacks who "made it," McLaurin founded two black controlled financial institutions designed to provide economic aid for minorities. The banks — Freedom National in Harlem and Universal National on Wall Street — represented the culmination of efforts to "bring the banks to where the money is." McLaurin said he was trying to meet the financial needs of people who were deprived of such services elsewhere. McLaurin encountered many enemies en route to implementing his dream. The most sordid incident involved an attempt to discredit him through a phony scheme involving allegedly stolen typewriters. THE PERPETRATORS of the hoax hoped that adverse publicity would sabo-

tage the negotiations for the Wall Street bank. The charges were dismissed by an embarrassed district attorney and the deal was consummated. But if McLaurin made enemies in business, he made far more friends. He served as a consultant to local black businessmen trying to get ahead, and he vigorously upheld the theory that it was in the interest of the entire community to promote the cause of black businessmen. On his well integrated Frederick Place neighborhood, McLaurin was viewed not so much as a prominent attorney or businessman, but as a good neighbor to adults and children. He will be missed. Mt. Vernon, N. Y. Daily Argus

SHORT RANGE SEPARATISM . . . (Continued from page 57) In my view, there is nothing wrong in this kind of institution-building; building upon the basis of a sheltered or preferred market. This is a type of separatist economics which I espouse. It is as much a transitional and preparatory stage as the period of time a child is sheltered within the home and the schools before he is sent out to compete in the world as an adult. In this respect, a period of separation, shelter, preparation and preferential treatment is vital. One only has to look at the very few black businesses which we have to see examples of how this principle could work. The oft-quoted example of a successful black business serving a larger market is that of Parks Sausage. This company is now competing, albeit in a limited manner, in the general market. It got its start, however, in the ethnic market by selling to chains largely in black neighborhoods. There is no reason why this same principle could not be applied to black banks, insurance companies, financial institutions and other black businesses. Indeed, it is a fact that many institutions and other black businesses. Indeed, it is 58

a fact that many black insurance companies are now diversifying and "going after the white market." There is no reason why a successful black bank could not put a branch in midtown New York or on Wall Street instead of in another ghetto. In fact, a black-owned New York savings and loan company has a very successful branch in an almost all-white downtown neighborhood of Manhattan. The case for separatist economic development, therefore, is one in which there is a transitional period of separatism in preparation for moving toward full integration within the American economy. That some such steps in a creative and innovative manner are greatly needed can be no longer denied. The events of the past few years and the spotlight on black business have shown what a tiny part of the economy black people actually control. Even Vice President Agnew has recognized the fact that — "Almost 97 percent of our nation's businesses are owned by the white majority. The remaining 3 percent are owned by persons from the 30 million black, Spanish-speaking and Indian citizens who together make

up almost 15 percent of our population. "Even in the neighborhoods occupied predominantly by minority groups, the businesses are owned by people who live elsewhere . . . Of our total businesses and retail trade, 3.6 percent are owned by minority persons. Of the banks, only .04 percent are owned by minority persons, and of the life insurance companies, only .2 percent. As a total, minority ownership represents less than one-half of 1 percent of the total assets of business ownership." Having placed the problem in such clear perspective, we do not feel that it is too much to ask that the Administration, both President Nixon and Vice President Agnew, translate their rhetoric into action. The hope of black businesses is that government and the private sector will help them to develop in a sheltered market with massive governmental, financial and technical assistance, in a "separatist" manner, in order that they may become "fully integrated." I have called for this in the Ghediplan (Continued on page 59) The Sphinx / October 1973

Of Princely Mein and Grace

Brother McLaurin, receiving congratulations from President Nixon's assistant, Hon. Robert Brown.

Brother McLaurin is shown with his mother-in-law, Mrs. Eula Tarry, Sister-in-law, Mrs. Ellen Tarry, extreme left, and niece Elizabeth, in the background.

THAT FAMILIAR CHARM! The late Dunbar McLaurin is shown here Nith former President Lyndon Johnson A/here he is turning on the familiar charm 'or which he was so well known

Short Range Separatism (Continued from page 58) (Ghetto Economic Development & Industrialization Plan), which I developed for the City of New York, as "Guaranteed Markets" energized by "Gauranteed Financing."

A Good-will this store.

visit to Oklahoma with best wishes to a friend who had recently

The Sphinx / October 1973


Whether the Ghediplan or any other plan is utilized, it is apparent that something new and creative must be done if black Americans are to find the road that will take us there, now that we know where we are going. 59

. . A Man of Noble Caste, of Heroes Stock and Soul . . . HIS COLOR WAS NO BARRIER IN BUSINESS TRANSACTIONS

on the site of Brother


Company yard in


Brother McLaurin in business executives.



a group



Dunbar McLaurin was his own best salesman, and immensely enjoyed going out in the field and selling to customers. Here he shields himself from sun while listening to customer's wants.

Brother McLaurin making computation of estimated scrap tonnage in one corner of Machinery yard. Items in foreground are rear power control units removed from repaired tractors, and now ready for salvage for scrap. Scrap sells in New York for around $40 per ton; were purchased for about $2 per ton by the McLaurins. On a 50,000 ton contract, a profit margin of $5 per ton, after all expenses of preparation, trucking, handling, and shipping are met, is considered very good; — yields net profit of $250,000. Difficulties were encountered however in getting dollar exchange and due to internaional uncertainties. 60

Brother McLaurin gets into shiny, new, Chauffeur-driven Buick. Filipinos like American cars of all types, and until recently were unhampered with restrictions on import of luxuries. The Sphinx / October 1973

Industry and Faith at His Command A Movie Producer in Manila at an Early Age

A visit to New York City, promoting (Note the license plates)

Two Filipino employees in the movie department, Reyes and Soriano, stand beneath McLaurin sign.

his Phillipine


A Distinguished Economist in America


UUP"* "1

If\m*' m

BT/41 Br ^B


/W (he American Stock Exchange officers are (L to Ft) Winsor H. Watson Jr. Ex V.P., Robert J. Birmbaum V.P. asst. to the Phes., Thomas D. Boyd, Director of Urban Affairs. Built to look like a prison, this unique float ran continuously through Manila advertising initial production, "Bisig Ng Batas" of McLaurin Brothers.

Brother McLaurin is shown with the late Brother Whitney Young and Mrs. Young. The Sphinx / October 1973

S.C.L.C. ministers on the steps of city hall after meeting with mav r >ne deputy ° 81

BLACK AND THE LAW (Continued from last issue) Time and space prevent the enumeration of many exciting and interesting events that occurred during the long years of my trial and appellate practice here and in other states. Mention of a few should be made to indicate the passage of how time and the events of intervening years have produced meaningful social changes. First, a few things on the minus side. Very frequently I was called to Southern states on civil rights cases as well as to represent my people in both the criminal and civil courts. It was necessary to have a local lawyer move your admission. Invariably, before going South, I would consult my Harvard Law Directory to find a Harvard lawyer to make this motion. In the 1920"s, '30's and '40's there were no black attorneys in any of the small Southern cities and very few in the larger ones. I usually could find a Harvard Lawyer. They are all through the South. There was a very important criminal case involving a Philadelphia Negro of good repute and employment who drove to his home in South Carolina on a visit in the late '40's. While driving his car in a little country town, his car struck a little white girl, who was playfully chasing another girl across the road. The child died as a result. He was arrested, and scared to death, called his family in Philadelphia. Thereafter they called me to represent him. I consulted my Harvard Directory. Time was important in such a case, so I decided to telepone this lawyer. I told him that we were fellow Harvard men and I wanted him to move my admission. The greeting was extremely cordial. He knew of the case because the little county paper had made it a big news story, a black man from the North driving, of all things, a big Cadillac causing the death of a little white girl. He said he would meet me at the airport but I told him I would not cause him this trouble and we decided to meet at his office. From his voice I knew he was a deep down Southerner. I did not want him to know who I was until I could see him face to face and talk to him. His office was, as expected in this little town, a one story with a large front room and an office in the rear to which I was never invited to enter. There was a young lady at the desk when I entered. She went to the rear and took my card. The lawyer came to the front room and said, "Oh yes, so you're Alexander"—No "Mrs." (Very reminiscent of Mr. X in Phila. in 1923) "Oh yes." "Well the court doesn't open till 10:30 a.m. It is now 9:30. The Court House is just 2 blocks down the street," he said, pointing to it "I'll meet you there and introduce you to the Judge." To bring this all to sad experience to an end, let me say that when I entered court I, a lawyer, was compelled to sit in the segregated "colored" section of the court. My lawyer friend never asked me to sit in the lawyers' section. I was hastily moved for admission in almost inaudible tones. The court only nodded and said, "Take a seat next to the prisoner." My kind "friend" from Harvard left the court room without more and that was the last, I saw of him. The case lasted three days with interminable intermissions for the Judge to speak to any number of assorted people in his chambers. At lunch hour I went with the assembled blacks, mostly country folk, to eat at a fish fry stand down the street from the Court House. I shared a bedroom with the young 62

son of the local Baptist Minister, of course, black! The defendant was totally blameless. He was guilty of nothing at all, save the fact that he was black, from the North, and caused the death of a little white child. Perhaps his worst guilt was that he drove a "brand-new, cream colored, Cadillac car." How the prosecution pounded on that to the jury! The poor fellow had to stay in jail until his insurance company's agent, whom I knew, produced the policy to prove its limits, and the full amount in a certified check in settlement. Now for an experience on the humorous, but deplorable side. During and after my years as President of the National Bar Association, in my effort to organize the black lawyers throughout the entire country in a well-knit organization for their own uplift, as well as to make them available for service to Negroes, I would travel throughout the country, especially the South. On a trip to Miami in the middle thirties, our plane ran into a severe thunder storm over the Carolinas. Even on that prime route, New York to Miami, in those days the trip was a two motor propeller driven aircraft, making several stops enroute, and it took many hours. No fine two hour, non-stop jets in those days. I was a curiosty—a black man riding an airplane!! We had a two hour layover and an almost entire change of passengers at Columbia, South Carolina. During the lay-over a white newspaper correspondent wanted an interview. I was surprised he knew me. It turned out he didn't. He just found out, according to the airport authorities, that I was the first "Negro" that ever came into that airport as a passenger. Great news! — he wanted a story. He gave it a "big play," and when I returned home there I was, picture and all and the story. But when we were airborne we ran into turbulence. You never saw how quickly those stony, sallow-faced passengers, with rain and lightning blazing in the sky, suddenly got warm and friendly and so very conversant with this black, total stranger. They even commentel "Suh, you shore are calm through all this. You must have great faith in this plane, or the Lord." I didn't show it, but I, too, was scared to death. Then at least a half dozen of the men opened their brief cases and took out some good old Southern Bourbon and passed it all around. I passed it up. They even began calling me "Brother." Draw your own conclusions. An old Southern myth is, "It's always good in time of trouble or danger to have a black man in your company." Ask any World War I, World War II or Vietnam Veteran. Finally, the pathos and horror of it all. When we arrived in Miami, three hours late, my lawyer friend had left, thinking perhaps I had alighted at one of the stops. The cheerful passengers, knowing the airport, teamed up and took the few taxis that had waited. They never thought of this black "Brother" then. It was about 1:00 a.m. and very dark. I realized in the '30's no white taxi would take me. There I was all alone. I saw what appeared to be a cab about a block away. I walked down and true enough it was a cab, lights out and the driver curled up sound asleep. I didn't say a word, opened the rear door and quickly jumped in, closed the door to put the light out. The driver, half asleep, only half turned around and said . . . "where to?" I mumbled some address which I am sure he didn't get, and I didn't want him to get. He drove on and on and on. (Continued on page 63) The Sphinx / October 1973

BUCK AND THE LAW (Continued from page 62) If you know that old airport you drove miles and miles along a causeway before you came to civilization. Then a few miles out he apparently gained his senses and said, half turning, "Where to Mister, I didn't get it?" I thought it better to give the correct address, hopefully to get to my destination. So I gave the address of and name of Mr. T., the leading black lawyer in Miami, now deceased. The driver suddenly stopped, pulled over to the curb, threw on his lights and said, "I can't take you there, that's Nigger Town and we're not allowed to drive niggers anyway." I pleaded and pleaded with him but to no avail. I begged him at least to take me to the next overhead light about a mile distant which he did and, out I was put. It had begun to rain again, not a store or person in sight. About an hour later there came around the corner at that light a taxi going to the airport, with a black driver, and, I learned, owned by a black taxi company; he took me to my destination, with pleasure and profit. I learned from him that a black taxi driver could take a white passenger but never—no never, the reverse. There is so very much more to tell you of personal experiences, much of which would shock you, much would awe you, and much will inspire you, and fill your heart, as mine has been filled over the last 15 years with the feeling that America has grown in its realization that it has willfully and deliberately denied its most faithful and loyal citizens, their black fellow Americans, their right to an equal opportunity in the fundamental requirements, such as education and training in all the skills necessary to become first class citizens, free of segregation and discrimination. Now they must do something about correcting those wrongs. America and the American Bar has made great, and in some instances rapid strides to correct their sins of omission and commission during the 20th Century. The Philadelphia Bar Association has been the leader of all American Bar Associations in this respect. Being the oldest association of lawyers in the English-speaking world, I take great pleasure in stating this as a fact. But it took a new type of leadership and a vigorous and active membership to reach this goal. Before that date, I must frankly say our association failed to grasp such meaning. The immediate Past-President of the American Bar Association, the Honorable Bernard G. Segal, was the first of our Chancellors to realize the responsibility of the lawyers as suggested above. It was then, for the first time, Negro lawyers in Philadelphia began to attend the meetings and gained membership in more than a token way, onall of the Bar Committees. Today one serves on the highly prestigious Board of Governors, another is Secretary of the Philadelphia Bar Foundation and I modestly say she is Mrs. Alexander. Black lawyers have for nearly 15 years been members of such committees as the Board of Censors, Judiciary, Junior Bar, Legal Aid, Criminal and Civil Law, Civil Rights, Corporation Law, in fact all of the committees on our calendar. I cannot speak too highly of, and must acclaim, the tremenlous advance of our bar under the powerful leadership and commitment to racial and social reforms instituted by such men as Robert L. Trescher, Arlin Adams, Marvin Comisky, Lewis H. Van Dussen, Jr., Louis J. Goffman and the dynamic, brilliant, totally dedicated and devoted, indeed consecrated present Chancellor Robert M. Landis. As a result of the reforms just The Sphinx / October 1973

mentioned a new spirit of commitment to social and racial reforms pervades our entire Bar. Of the top 10 law firms with lawyer personnel from 40 to 80 in our city, eight of these have a black lawyer on their staff. Included in this list is the same lily-white totally WASP firm that excluded the author of this article back in 1923. The writer has been importuned during the last 10 years by at least 50 of our top lawyers, Jew and Gentile alike, to find for them top-flight or even "high grade, not necessarily Law Review Negroes" for their firms. The very day that I was writing this article my phone rang for such a person, the inquiring being from one of our most prestigious law firms. As I mentioned above this all began some 15 years ago and I am delighted to acknowledge some part in it. The story is very interesting but much too long to relate for this article. But I should mention the first man to "integrate" our Philadelphia law firms. It also has a political significance. Due credit should be given to a very dynamic, nationally known, liberal Democratic leader, Honorable Richard Dilworth. He w;is Mayor of Philadelphia at the time, and I was one of his strongest right arms in our new Reform City Council. He wanted a black man in his law firm, and I could think of no better person than the Honorable William T. Coleman, Jr. The latter is so well known now that only a word about him is necessary. Mr. Coleman was magna cum laude and Law Review at Harvard. He was the first black law clerk for our United States Supreme Court, serving with Mr. Justice Frankfurter. He was appointed counsel to the Warren Commission and most recently the United States Representative to the United Nations. However, most important of all, he was my most valuable and ardent associate counsel in the famous Girard College Case which we won after two years litigation via a U. S. Supreme Court decision in 1958. As the result of a very unexpected removal of the "Public Trustees" of this vast hundred-million dollar estate of the great Stephen Girard, who once traded in slaves, black boys were still denied entrance to this school. However, under Mr. Coleman's continuous dedicated fight to break this tradition, after my appointment to this court, and with Mr. Dilworth's full support, the court once again established the right of black boys to education in what was undeniably a school for the entire citizenry. Mr. Coleman is considered one of the most highly regarded, respected and able members of our great Bar. The famous Girard College case is in the judgment of legal scholars one of the most interesting, complex and intriguing cases at the Bar of America and indeed, in world law history. I must close this long, but I hope you will find, interesting legal-social-political history of Philadelphia from 1923 to 1970, with this statement. Great, indeed tremendous changes have taken place in the social and legal fields. They have been due to the total Commitment of devotion and dedication to these goals by so few blacks in these fields. This is not to say not that our church and fraternal leaders were not interested. Indeed they were and they supported us every inch of the way. So did the overwhelming number of the poor and untrained, the denied and oppressed. But how much better would it have been if the knowledgeable whites, the well-to-do middle class and wealthy whites who knew how we blacks were oppressed, denied, deprived and what the end result must necessarily be—what it is today. And today—we must pay and pay and pay for the sins of malign neglect of the past, or there shall be no America for us to sing its praises. S3

The Reverend Brother Telly H. Miller Receives Doctorate Degree from Vanderbilt

and New Position at Wiley College During the 1973, Spring Commencement Exercise of Vanderbilt University of Nashville, Tennessee, the Doctor of Ministry Degree was conferred upon the Reverend Brother Telly H. Miller. He was one of seventeen hundred who received degrees from the University. The Reverend Brother Miller, served as College Pastor and Instructor in the Department of Religion and Philosophy at Wiley College in Marshall, Texas for four and one-half years and was granted a sabbatical by the College to complete his doctorate after he was awarded the Underwood Fellowship by the Danforth Foundation. Brother Dr. Miller was one of twenty-two to be selected for the fellowship from more than one hundred applicants. Brother Miller will return to Wiley College in the fall, 1973, as Vice President for Student Affairs. In addition to the doctorate degree, Brother Miller holds the Master of Divinity Degree from the Morehouse School of Religion of the Interdenominational Theological Center, Atlanta, Georgia; the Bachelor of Arts Degree from Wiley College, Marshall, Texas; and has done additional study in Black Studies at Roosevelt University, Chicago, Illinois. Brother Miller was named to Who's Who in the South and Southwest in 1971, and is affiliated with the following organizations: Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc. (Gamma Upsilon Lambda Chapter), Alpha Phi Omega National Service Fraternity, Inc., AAUP (American Association of University Professors), Morgan Lodge No. 10 of St. Albans, West Virginia (M. W. Prince Hall Grand Lodge of West Virginia F. & A. M., Inc.), NAACP, FCA (Fellowship of Christian Athletes), and a sustaining member of the Boy Scouts of America (East Texas Area Council). Brother Miller is married to the former Miss Glory D. Bennett and they have one daughter, Alanna Camille. His wife and daughter were great support to him as he completed his doctoral studies. 64

Telly Miller

Green (Continued from page 37) His academic preparation greatly enhanced his performance as teacher, assistant principal and principal in the Troup County School System whose tenure of service in the system began August, 1953. The social and religious affiliations include: The United Civic League, former member of the Board of Directors for LaGrange Home for the Aged and Maidee Smith Nursery, and is presently serving on the Board for the LaGrange Shelter Workshop. He is treasurer of the Mount Pleasant Community Center, secretary and chairman of the Trustee Board for McGhee Chapel A.M.E. Church and represented his church at the General Conference in Dallas, Texas in lune, 1972. He has been recipient of several awards, namely: the Golden Anniversary Award in 1960 for Boy Scouts of America, the Golden Anniversary Award by the Department of Elementary Principals, Georgia Teachers and Education Asso-

Board of Education Names New Principal HOGANSVILLE — The Hogansville City Board of Education has elected Charles R. Willoughby to serve as Principal of the Hogansville lunior High School, according to H. L. Dixon, Superintendent. Brother Willaughby, age 48, is a native of LaGrange and received his public education in the LaGrange City Schools. He received his AB degree in Business Education from Clark College and his MA degree in Elementary Education from West Georgia College. Brother Willoughby has taught school for 21 years in the LaGrange City Schools. He is a member of the Fannin Street First Baptist Church where he serves as Chairman of the Board of Deacons. Also he presently serves as President of the Theta Lambda Chapter. He is Treasurer of the Negro Old Folk Home, LaGrange, and is a member of the Board of Trustees of the LaGrange Sheltered Workshop Training Center. He is presently a member of the Troup County Community Action Advisory committee, and has served as Treasurer of the Board of Trustees of Community Action for Improvement, Inc.

ciation in 1968, Special Certificate for services to Georgia Association of Elementary School Principals in 1973. He is listed in the 1969 edition of Personalities of the South, and received the 1973 "Outstanding Citizen of the Year Award" from Theta Nu Lambda Chapter of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity. While attending Morris Brown College, Brother Green served as vice president of the Pan-Hellenic Council, President of Iota Chapter of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, superintendent of the Sunday School and business manager of the Wolverine Observer. Greene is married to a talented local artist, Annie Lucille Tarver. They have two children, Zinta, a student at LaGrange High School, and Oliver, Jr., a student at LaGrange Boys Junior High School. The Sphinx / October 1973

Koonce New President of Miami Chapter

Akron's "Young Men on the Move"

Vernon Odom, Executive Director of the Akron Urban League, said we were indeed happy to get a young man like Bill Threatt to agree to provide leadership for the this year. He has a lot of ideas and the ability to lead.

Bro. Koonce, a native of Donaldsonville, Georgia, received the B. S. degree in French from Ft. Valley State College in 1963. He is the recipient of two certificates in French from the University of Tennessee and the University of Toulouse, France, respectively.

Bro. Koonce has attended numerous workshops and served as consultant for the Southern Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools and the Florida School Desegregation Consulting Center.

William Threat, Jr. is One of

Recently elected President of the Akron Urban League's Board of Directors, "Bill," takes that post at age 32 as the youngest President of the Akron Chapter ever to hold that office.

Recently elected as president of Beta Beta Lambda Chapter, Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc. is Brother George Koonce, Jr., Assistant Principal for Administration and Doctoral Student at the University of Miami.

He was awarded M. S. degrees in French from Indiana University in 1968 and in Educational Administration from the University of Miami in 1970. During the Summer of 1968, he studied French at the Institute Catholique in Paris, France. Koonce has one year remaining before completing requirements for the Doctor of Philosophy degree from the University of Miami.

Young Man On The Move

Under the joint leadership of both Threatt and Odom, the Urban League has already launched new programs designed to prepare "young blacks" for new careers in light of the changing job opportunities in Akron industry.

Brother George Koonce, Jr.

In a special ceremony, at the Fraternity's national convention at New Orleans, Bro. Johnson was presented a plaque for increasing his chapter's life membership by 1,000% and making Beta Beta Lambda Chapter first in the nation. During his collegiate days at Morehouse College, Atlanta, Georgia, Bro. Johnson was initiated into the Alpha Rho Chapter of the Fraternity. Glowing with the Alpha spirit, Johnson, together with seven other members of the Fraternity, formed the Beta Beta Lambda Chapter in Miami. This was the first Black Greek lettered organization in the area. In private life Bro. Frederick L. Johnson is a public accountant, having retired from the Dade County public school system as a business education and mathematics teacher.

Threatt not only heads up the Urban League Board but is also President of one of Akron's leading civic and social organizations, the Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity. Serving his second term as President, he has followed what he calls "a long line of strong and effective leaders."


Under Threatt's leadership, the Fraternity has continued its ascent on the local scene as a viable force for good in the Akron Community and last month was voted outstanding Alumni chapter of the year by the National Fraternity at its national convention in New Orleans, Louisiana. The Fraternity's 11.5 million dollar, 551 unit, housing project in Opportunity Park called Channelwood was recently completed and is now in its rentup stage. Its Library Project with the Wooster Branch Library, "Project Read," is helping to improve hundreds of young blacks reading skills. Recently the Fraternity received word that its PoliceCommunity-Relations Project, jointly sponsored with the Y.M.C.A. was approved for funding by the Summit County Criminal Justice Commission and is a waiting state approval.

Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc., a national social fraternity, recently saluted Bro. Frederick L. Johnson, for his tireless efforts in promoting the ideals of the Fraternity, and in particular its' life membership program.

Bill is a native Akronite and is the son of Mr. & Mrs. William Manley Threatt, Sr., 644 Rainbow Dr. He attended Akron Schools, graduating from (Continued on page 66)

He holds membership in Phi Delta Kappa (Education) Fraternity, Eta Tau Lambda Honorary Fraternity and is listed in Who's Who Among Students in American Colleges and Universities. He is active in numerous religious and social organizations and has recently been elected as National President of Ft. Valley Alumni Association. Having served as previous Vice President, Koonce certainly brings much devotion and dedication to the chapter. He is married to the former Geraldine Hill, a local public school teacher and dedicated Alphabette.

The Sphinx / October 1973


Brooklyn College English Professor Wins "Excellence in Teaching Award since 1965, has taught in the Special Baccalaureate Degree Program, an intensive program of seminars and independent study for adults with extensive experience. He has also taught English in the Graduate Division since 1969. He has been busy on and off campus. For the College English Association, ho has been president of the New York Regional, Chairman of its Program Committee and on the National Board of Directors. He has been on the Board of Directors for the College Language Association, a member of the National Committee on Comparative and World Literatures of the National Council uf Teachers, and a member of the National Shakespeare Association, the Shakespeare Society and the Renaissance Society of America.

Brother Hobart Jarrets

A Brooklyn College English professor who has taught for twelve years in the college's evening division, Brother Hobart S. Jarrett, has been named the recipient of The City University Award for Excellence in Teaching. Brother Jarrett, one of 20 City University professors selected this year, was honored at the college's 48th Commencement. President John W. Kneller presented to Dr. Jarrett a citation and the Brooklyn College Medal. Brother Jarrett was nominated for the award by a faculty-student committee. On the staff at Brooklyn College since 1961, he had a long previous history of teaching. He taught from 1937-49 at Langston University, Langston, Oklahoma, and at Bennett College, Greensboro, No. Carolina, from 1949-61. He served as chairmen of the Humanities Division at Bennett for seven years. Born in Arlington, Texas, and a product of Tulsa, Oklahoma, Bro. Jarrett received a B.A. in English from Wiley College, Marshal, Texas, in 1936 and an M.A. in English the following year from Syracuse. After study at Harvard, he received a Ph.D. in English from Syracuse in 1954. He has taught in the college's evening division since joining the faculty and, 66

He is very active in Gamma Iota Lambda Chapter and the United Negro College Fund. He has been an active brother since he was initiated into Alpha Sigma Chapter at Wiley College in 1933. Brother Jarrett was the banquet speaker at the Tulsa Convention. He has held office constantly and has been president of three chapters. Recently, he has paid for life-membership in Alpha Phi Alpha. He has also been elected a member of Sigma Pi Phi, "Boule," a fraternal organization of outstanding Negro men. As president of the Greensboro Citizens Association, he was actively involved in the civil rights movement to desegregate public accommodations in the South in the late 1950s. At the college, he has been a member of the college's Faculty Council since 1964, and on various campus-wide and departmental committees, including the Presidential Committee on Educational Opportunity, the Faculty-Student Committee on Student Organizations, the presidential advisory group known as the Committee of Seven and the Appointments Committee of the English department Brother Jarrett lives with his wife, Gladys, a librarian at York College, on Willoughby Street in Brooklyn. The CUNY Excellence in Teaching Award carries a grant of $2500. It replaces the college's annual outstanding teacher of the year award.

THREATT (Continued from page 65) South High School and then obtaining a Bachelor of Architecture Degree from Howard University. He presently is Rehabilitation Administrator in the Department of Planning and Urban Re~ newal for the City of Akron. He has rr.ld that post since January, 1971. In this position, he supervises the Rehabililaton Staff and coordinates Akron's Rehabilitation Program and Code Enforcement Programs in selected areas of Akron. Prior to this position, he was employed by the Akron Board of Education as an Assistant to the Akron School Architect. He has put his architectural talents in numerous private efforts as well as work related efforts, some of them being additions to Stewart-CalhounBlack Funeral Home, the Marhofer Cheverolet Service Building, Stow, Ohio, and is presently working with Second Baptist Church in the designing of their new proposed church. It is worthwhile to note that his efforts have not only been devoted to the "big" groups but he has given much time to the Lane-School area. Under his leadership as Chairman of the LaneImprovement Association's Parks and Recreation Committee, the City of Akron in 1968 developed Old Lane Field into an $875,000 neighborhood park development along with the cooperation of the Board of Education. Later, in 1971, he was instrumental in obtaining a $15,000 grant from the Akron Model Cities Program to assist the South Ranger, Bantam Football and Little League Baseball Teams operating in the area and inaugerating a winter recreation program for Jr. High School age youngsters. He is a member of Wesley Temple A.M.E. Zion Church and some of his other activities include being President of the Akron Chapter Howard University Alumni Club, Member of the United Fund Budget Panel No. 1, Member of the Akron Chapter of the American Institute of Architects, and Chairman of the Channelwood Equal Employment Opportunity Committee. For the past nine years he has worked as a volunteer in the Local and National Soap Box Derbys as a member of the Bridge Operations. The Sphinx / October 1973

Houston, Texas


(Seated, left to right) Leslie Rucker, President of the Alpha Merit Group, Yates Senior High and date, Juanita Ellie, Banquet speaker, Brother John Guess, Gary Abernathy, and Michael Donahue of Kashmere Senior High School.

The first Annual Alpha Merit Banquet of Alpha Eta Lambda, Houston, Delta Theta Chapter, Texas Southern University and Eta Mu Chapter, University of Houston, was held in May 1973. The Alpha Merit Group consist of senior high black male students from the various senior high schools throughout the city of Houston. The group is sponsored by Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity with the hope of encouraging members to continue striving for excellence in their quest for an education. Leslie Rucker, Yates Senior High and president of the Alpha Merit Group, served as toastmaster. The invocation was given by Michael Donahue of Kashmere Senior High. John Guess of Alpha Eta Lambda Chapter of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity delivered the banquet speech. Presentations and awards were made by Robert Gray, chairman of the Alpha Merit Committee. Awards for service to the Alpha Merit Group were presented to Darrell Bourgeois, Reuben Davis, Emory Dockery, Michael Donahue, Eric Harrison, Frederich Henderson, John Mason, Rayfield Miller, Leslie Rucker, Huey Smith, Donald Thomas, and Charles Wicks. The highlight of the banquet came with the awarding of the first Alpha Merit Scholarship of $1000.00. Reuben Davis, son of Mr. and Mrs. Reuben Davis Senior, 10102 Cathedral Street, Houston, Texas and a senior at The Sphinx / October 1973

The Alpha Merit Group had its beginning here at the Alpha Fraternity House located at 1519 Ruth Street, Houston, Texas 77004. Alpha Eta Lambda Chapter is proud to encourage the members of the group to continue striving tor excellence in their quest for an education.

Houston Technical Institute became the first recipient of the Alpha Merit Scholarship. Closing remarks were made by Gary Abernathy, president of Alpha Eta Lambda Chapter of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc. Attending the Alpha Merit Banquet were the following persons: Darrell Bourgeois of Houston Technical Institute and date, Yvonne Lawrence; Leslie Rucker, Yate Senior High and date, Juanita Ellis; Frederick Henderson, Yates Senior High and date, Sheryl Hamilton; Eddie Mason, Yates Senior High and date Deborah Hatter; Oliver Moore, Sterling Senior High and date, Jo Ann Williams; Reuben Burgess, Worthing Senior High and date, Billie Blackmon; Donald Thomas, Worthing Senior High and date Gloria Oliver; Melvin Roberts, Worthing Senior High and date, Michael Donahue; Kashmere Senior High; Reuben Davis, Houston Technical Institute; Emory Dockery, Sterling Senior High; Huey Smith, Lincoln Senior High; Charles Wicks, Reagan Senior High and Rayfield Miller of Lincoln Senior High. Louie Humphrey, Delta Theta Chapter represented Texas Southern University. James Bryant, Gary Abernathy, James Harrison, David Alexander, Claude Cole, John Guess and Robert Gray represented Alpha Eta Lambda Chapter of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity.

Standing, (left to right) Alpha Merit Scholarship Winner, Reuben Davis, Gary Abernathy, President Alpha Eta Lambda Chapter. 87

THETA NU LAMBDA CHAPTER Honors Brothers Oliver Greene and John Hogg

Brother Charles R. Willoughby

The brothers in Theta Nu Lambda Chapter of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc. ended the 1972-73 school year by presenting their Annual Education and Citizenship Week Program. The program was held on Sunday, May 20, 1973 at Warren Temple United Methodist Church. Brother Charles R. Willoughby presided at the program. Brother Edward Jordan gave the meditation. Appropriate musical selections were given by representatives of the Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority. The purpose was stated by Brother Charles Willoughby and Frank Hall sang "You'll Never Walk Alone." Brother Frank Lewis introduced Brother Dr. Robert Wright of Columbus, Georgia who served as guest speaker. Using as his theme "Stay in the Struggle" Brother Wright reminded his brothers of the struggles of the black man, indicating that Alpha Phi Alpha has been in the struggle for many years. Mrs. Mary Goss, organist for the occasion gave a beautiful rendition of "Let The Lower Lights Keep Burning." Brother Tom McBridge gave a general account of the educational, the professional and civic, and the religious activities of Brother Oliver N. Greene, who was chosen by his Brothers as the most "Outstanding Citizen of The Year." Brother Oliver Greene thanked his brothers for the honor and then cited Brother John Hogg for the outstanding work he had done in athletics and presented to him the "Black and Gold Award." 68

Pictured above are Brother Charles R. Willoughby, President of Theta Nu Lambda Chapter of LaGrange, Georgia presenting the 1972-73 Alpha Phi Alpha Scholarship Award to Marcus Hall. Watching Brother Willoughby as he makes the presentation are: Brothers Oliver N. Greene, Donald Weatherington, and William Mitchell. Marcus Hall is the son of Mr. and Mrs. Frank Hall of West Point, Georgia and is presently attending the University of Georgia in Atlanta.


Proud Recipients of Chapter Awards. The Sphinx / October 1973

Highlights of Chapter


Iota Alpha Lambda Chapter — Promotion of Blacks

Andre Cole (center) receives Scholarship Award from Brother Kersey Jones, Chairman of Education Committee; Standing, (left) Brother Francis Harris, Co-Chairman.

SICKLE CELL SCREENING CLINIC Seated left, Mrs. Cassie Stansbury, R.N.; Seated right, Mrs. Mary J. Coursey, Medical Technician; three Clinic participants.

The main thrust of our Chapter activity for the 1972-1974 period continues to focus on the promotion of the improved status of blacks. In support of this emphasis, The Chapter made contributions to the political campaigns of Bro. Wardell Stansbury and Bro. Lehman Spry, D.D. who sought the positions of City Councilman and County Councilman respectively. Bro. Stansbury was re-elected to a second term as City Councilman in Harvre de Grace, Maryland. The Chapter paid expenses for a group of black high school students to see the stage production "Purlie" at the Civic Center in Baltimore, Maryland. We also paid expenses for under-privileged black youths to attend a Baltimore Oriole baseball game. Financial contributions were

made to the Miss Harford County Black Teen-Age Contest; the Upward Bound Program at Harford Community College; the NAACP Legal Fund for Harford County. The apex of our contribution to the cultural life of the community was reached in the presentation of a Christmas Concert. Four black performing artists were featured: Daniel Ridout, Jr., Bass-Baritone Soloist; Marge Greene, Mezzo-Soprano Soloist; Bro. Ernest Brown, Jr., Pianist; Olga Stansbury, Organist. Bro. Brown, then Head of the Music Department at Harford Community College, Bel Air, Maryland, has since accepted an appointment to the Music Department at Norfolk State College, Norfolk, Virginia. Mrs. Olga Stansbury, music instructor in Bakers Field

Scholarship Award Andre Cole of Aberdeen, Maryland has been selected by the Education Committee of Iota Alpha Lambda Chapter to receive a full scholarship for 19731974 to attend Harford Community College where he is a student. Mr. Cole plans to become a Physical Therapist. Funds for the scholarship are raised through the presentation of an annual Fall Fashion Fair which is staged by the Alpha Wives.


in the Ohio State University Union, and the brothers the the "Big K" were very happy to have a hand in making the Columbus drive one of the biggest in the nation. Brothers active in the summer chapter program were Roger Williams, Rodney H. Adams, Robert Levey, Nolan Jason, Ed Smith, Greg Lancaster, Robert Harris, and Dean Archie. Brothers Paul Venable and Richard Smith of Alpha Alpha Chapter (U. of Cincinnati) and Greg Harris of Beta Alpha Chapter (Morgan State) also assisted. Fraternally yours, Rodney H. Adams Kappa Chapter, A P A

Beta Omicron Lambda Chapter of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity Inc. named its officers for the year 1973-74 during its recent monthly meeting. The officers elected are as follows: President . Bro. Emanuel E. Carter Vice-President . Bro. Thomas E. Green Recording Sec'y. Bro. Alvin J. Allen Fin. Sec'y Mr. Thomas N. Reed Treasurer Bro. John L. Finley Editor-to-the-Sphinx Bro. Ralph Howard Parliamentarian . . Bro. W. L. Guilford Chaplain Bro. S. A. Herman Sgt.-at-Arms Bro. Thomas J. Crenshaw The installation of officers was made by Jewel Bro. P. W. Goode.

Kappa Chapter of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity recently donated two hundred dollars ($200) to the African Rel:ef Fund drive in Columbus, Ohio. At this writing, over $40,000 had been raised in Columbus from an original goal of $10,000. The fund raising project is being administered nationally by Operation Push and was handled locally by WVKO Radio with Program Director Les Brown leading the drive with his forceful personality and sharp editorials. The Kappa Chapter contribution was raised from proceeds of a dance given ThÂť Sphinx / October 1973

Elementary School, Aberdeen, Maryland, is the wife of Bro. LeRoy Stansbury, Jr., our Program Committee Chairman.

Beta Omicron Lambda Chapter Elects Officers


Texas Classroom Teachers Association, Texas State Teachers Association, and National Education Association. Among his many other services to this area was the number of years he devoted to the Acres Home Little League and Pony League Clubs. Brother Meshack expired Monday, May 14, 1973 in Veterans Administration Hospital, Houston, Texas. He leaves a faithful wife, Mrs. Pearl Delores Meshack; a daughter, Angela; and a son, Clarence, Jr. and many relatives and friends.

Brother Clarence Meshack

Clarence Meshack was born on May 31, 1929 in Temple, Texas. At a very early age, he was converted and became a member of the Second Baptist Church of Waco, Texas. Upon moving to Houston, he became a member of Antioch Baptist and at the time of his death, he was a member of Mt. Ararat Baptist Church. Brother Meshack had a very special interest in young people and contributed time and effort to the Young Ambassadors and the B.T.U. Organizations of his Church. He received his elementary and high school education in Waco, Texas. His college education began at Paul Quinn College, Waco, Texas. Later, he was inducted into the Armed Forces where he served two years. After his discharge, he enrolled at Texas Southern University and received the B.S. Degree and a Master of Education Degree. On July 14, 1955, he was united in marriage to Miss Pearl D. Harris. To this union two children were born; Angela Faye and Clarence J. Meshack, Jr. At the time of his death, Brother Meshack was working out of Langston Elementary School as a Team Leader for the Teacher Corp. His community services include membership in Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc., Alpha Eta Lambda Chapter, Houston Classroom Teachers Association, 70

Xi Lambda Chapter Alpha Phi Alpha —Services for Brother George A. Franklin retired supermarket operator, was held in the Griffin Funeral Home, 3232 S. King Drive, Chicago, Illinois. Brother Franklin, 69, died in his home at 8329 S. Vernon. He was owner of Franklin Foods, 949 N. Orleans, for 28 years preceding his retirement two years ago. Brother Franklin was chief statistician for the widely known 1945 sociological study, "Black Metropolis: A Study of Negro Life in a Northern City," coauthored by St. Clair Drake, former Roosevelt University professor, and Horace R. Cayton. Brother Franklin was a board member of the Chicago Youth Centers' Lower North Center, 1000 N. Sedgwick. Surviving are his widow, Helen; a son, Howard; a daughter, Mrs. Barbara Cordell, wife of WVON radio station manager Lucky Cordell; two brothers, William and Oran, and two sisters, Mrs. Maudesther Winslow and Mrs. Madolene Smith.

Brother Artie D. Reed, Jr. Funeral services for the Rev. Artie David Reed Jr., 53, minister of the Page Boulevard Church of Christ and teacher at the Brittany Junior High School in University City, was held at his church, 4229 West Page Blvd. Brother Reed died of cancer Sunday, (Continued on page 71)

Brother J. W. Parker, Sr. RED BANK, N. J. — Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity lost a giant of a figure on Feb. 13, 1973 when Dr. James W. Parker, Sr., died at age 85 after a lengthy illness. The son of a one-time slave, Dr. Parker overcame poverty and negative racial attitudes to become a leading citizen and doctor in Monmouth County, New Jersey. Upon his death a great vacuum was left in the area in which he had practiced medicine since 1919, the year after he graduated from the Howard University School of Medicine. Mayor Daniel J. O'Hern of Red Bank commented, "He was one of the truly great citizens of this town. I know of no one who had done more to promote friendship among his fellow men as individuals." "He cared for everyone in this town, rich or poor, black or white," the mayor said. Mayor David Cohen of nearby Holmdel Township, referred to Dr. Parker as "a giant in the community and a legend in his time." Dr. Parker earned the respect of the residents of the area soon after his arrival on the New Jersey Shore in 1919 when he treated scores of patients, regardless of race, during an influenza epidemic. Through the years his devotion to the welfare of the community brought him many honors and his zeal for helping those less fortunate created a demand for his services which would have over-burdened a lesser man. And he never forgot his old school ties, serving on the Howard University board of trustees from 1947 to 1961 and thereafter being named an honorary member. He also served for many years on the Monmouth Welfare Board and on the State Board of Education. In addition, he was a member of the Monmouth County Organization for Social Services, a family health and nursing service, as well as the Community YMCA board of directors and the Chamber of Commerce Board of Directors. (Continued on page 71) The Sphinx / October 1973

MEMORIAM Brother Parker (Continued from page 70) He was one of the founders of the Zeta Epsilon Lambda graduate chapter, and was a member of the local Elks lodge and the Masons and for many years served as an official and trustee of A.M.E. Zion Church. Professionally he was a trustee of the National Medical Association and played a leading role in the county, state and American Medical Associations. When Dr. Parker first arrived in the area and opened his office in a store front, borough officials expressed skepticism his patients would be able to pay for his services. But no patient was ever turned away from his door and in short time Dr. Parker stepped over all racial lines and his time was avidly sought by all segments of the population. The honors he received over the years from various organizations are too numerous to be listed here, but some which can't be overlooked are a 1971 citation from the Monmouth County Chapter of the National Conference of Christians and Jews for his contributions to human relations, and a 1957 "Practitioner of the Year" award from the New Jersey Medical Association and one the previous year for "Service to Youth" from the Y.M.C.A. These reflect the depth and scope of Dr. Parker's interest in his community, but the depth of the man is reflected in another way. In addition to his vast professional and civic accomplishments, he also found time to play the piano and violin and once considered music as a profession. One of the young men who brushed against Dr. Parker and picked up from him the rudiments of piano chords did go on to make music his profession and become a world figure — Count Basie. Dr. Parker's interest in sports made his relationship with youth an easy one, and despite his tremendous professional and civic load during his lifetime he managed to steal hours for sports. His favorite pastime was trap and skeet shooting and he was one of the founders of the Twin Sycamore Rod and Gun The Sphinx / October 1973

Brother Odesther Brooks, Jr. Brother Odesther Brooks Jr. was born March 24, 1953 to Mrs. Naiomi Morgan and Mr. Odesther Brooks Sr. in Jonestown Mississippi. At an early age Bro. Odesther confessed his hope in Christ. He attended Manley public school of Chicago and graduated from Marshall High School. While at Marshall Bro. Odesther played on the school basketball team. Bro. Odesther attended Southern Illinois University but transferred to Eureka College, Eureka Illinois where he was made March 17, 1973 at Epsilon Kappa. His major was Pre-Med and he served the fraternity as Dean of Pledges. He died May 21, 1973. He leaves a wife Mrs. Patricia Brooks whom he married April 21, 1973, a mother Mrs. Naiomi Morgan, a father Mr. Odesther Brooks Sr. a stepmother Mrs. Dorothy Brooks, a stepfather Mr. Walter Morgan, a sister Miss Alfreda Brooks, three stepsisters, one stepbrother and a host of aunts, uncles relatives and friends. Funeral services were held at A. R. Leak, May 25, 1973 and he was buried May 26, 1973 at Restvale Cemetery.

Club, once well known throughout Eastern areas for participation in important shoots. Born in Aiken, S. C , Dr. Parker spent most of his youth in Jacksonville, Fla., where he attended abolitionist schools. He worked and studied for nine years at Howard University's medical school before graduating in 1918. Dr. Parker and his wife, Marie who died nine years ago, had two children, Dr. James W. Parker, Jr., who has practiced in Red Bank for more than 25 years, and Mrs. William J. Goodwin of Richmond, Va. Dr. Parker Jr. is treasurer of the Zeta Epsilon Lambda Chapter and vice president of the Red Bank Regional Board of Education.

Brother tmmett Butler Passed Emmett Butler, assistant business manager, of Medgar Evers College of Brooklyn and a member of Zeta Lambda Chapter was killed in a two-car collision in Southold, N. Y. on Sunday, July 29. Brother Butler, 52, of 97 Nassau Parkway, Hempstead was returning from a weekend outing with his son, Trevor, 14, when another car crashed into his car and trailer at the intersection of Westphalia Road and Route 27A at 12:30 p.m. Georgian Born in Savannah, Georgia, Brother Butler attended Beach Collier High School. He received his bachelors degree in Business Administration from City College of New York in 1951. A resident of Hempstead, New York at the time of his death, Mr. Butler leaves his wife, June Butler, his son, Trevor, 14, his daughter, Cheryl, 19, and a grandson, \Vi. Mr. Butler was active in FranklinMarshall P.T.A., and the Hempstead Bridge Club. Rites Held Funeral services were held on Friday, August 3, 1973 at St. John's Church, Hempstead, N. Y. A veteran of the United States Army, Mr. Butler, who was discharged a staff sergeant in 1946, was buried at the National Cemetery in Farmingdale, L. I.

Brother Reed, Jr. (Continued from page 70) June 24, 1973, at St. Luke's Hospital. The Rev. Mr. Reed taught math at Summer High School in 1971-72, and at Brittany in the last school year. He was a minister to congregations in Shawnee, Okla., and Sacramento, Calif., and served as a missionary and teacher from 1965 to 1971 in Addis Abbaba, Ethiopia, East Africa. Brother Reed is survived by his wife, the former Roberta C. Butler, two sons, David and Phillip; two daughters, Janice and Roberta; four brothers, and three sisters. 71

Dr. Herman A. Barnett, Head of

Brother J. C. DePriest

School Board, Dies in Plane Crash Dr. Herman A. Barnett, Houston School Board president and surgeon, was killed Sunday, May 27, 1973 when his private twin-engined airplane crashed after take-off in Wichita, Kansas. Barnett, 47, died on impact after his Beechcraft Baron plane took off from a north runway at Rawdon Airfield, rose, and then slammed into a field about three-quarters of a mile north of the airstrip, witnesses said. The Houston surgeon and father of five children was in Wichita to attend an air show sponsored by the Negro Airmen International Convention, a group of former World War II pilots. Brother Barnett was vice-president of the Bronze Eagles Flying Club. Barnett became president of the trustees of the Houston Independent School District in January of this year, the first black to serve in that office in the district's 50-year history. He was elected to the school board in 1972, as a candidate on the Citizens for Good Schools slate. Born on January 27, 1926 in Austin, Texas, Barnett achieved many "firsts" for his race. After graduating with a bachelor's degree from Samuel Huston College (now Huston-Tillotston) in 1949, he became the first black graduate of the University of Texas School of Medicine at Galveston in 1953. In 1968, he was appointed to the State Board of Medical Examiners by Gov. John Connally, also becoming the first black to serve in that position. As a board member until his death, he was responsible for writing guidelines for organ transplants in hospitals here. "He often said he hoped to live long enough so that it was no longer news when someone became the first black to do anything, a close friend said. Barnett's flying career dates from his service as a fighter pilot with U. S. Army Air Corps from 1944-46. He was president and chairman of the board of Northeast Houston Investment 72

Brother J. C. DePriest

Funeral services for Dr. James Crawford DePriest were held Tuesday, November 14, 1972 at Harrison-Ross View Park Chapel, Los Angeles, California. Brother DePriest passed into the Omega Chapter Thursday, November 8, 1972. Brother H. A. Barnett

Corp. a n d Lockwood Professional Group, Inc., Barnett was also a member of the advisory board for the Crescent Foundation in 1965 and served on the board of directors of Lockwood National Bank. He was a member of Alpha Eta Lambda Chapter of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc. Brother Barnett and wife, the former Wylma Lynn White of Beaumont, had five children: Herman A. Jr., 17; Marcus, 15; Keith, 13; Lynetta Kay, 12; and April Michelle, 6.

Brother DePriest was born and reared in Salina, Kansas. He graduated from Kansas University in Lawrence, Kansas, and entered Alphadom there through the Upsilon Chapter. He then entered Meharry Medical College in Nashville, Tennessee where he received his degree in Dentistry. He was instrumental in founding the CHI Chapter and was manager of the Alpha House at Meharry Medical College. Brother DePriest was very instrumental in obtaining a charter for Delta Eta Lambda Chapter in Topeka, Kansas in 1948; he remained in Topeka and practiced dentistry. Brother DePriest was active in the YMCA, Masons, Shawnee County Dental Association and was a member of the St. John AME Church. His survivors include his wife, Gladys White DePriest, and his daughter, Ms. Dorothy M. Dotson, along with two grandchildren, all of Beverly Hills, California. Delta Eta Lambda Chapter The Sphinx / October 1973


Brother Maynard Jackson Mayor Elect of Atlanta, Georgia

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Btsrtinguiatjeb economist To Dunbar Yes, we will miss you, that steadiness of spirit and fire of action We will remember your gentle hands that quieted the turbulence within those who needed you, how you bid it be still and no more. We will remember the comfort in your eyes, how they saw so many things that we were incapable of seeing, even when we were looking at it. We will remember your voice and through the years of your absence, be comforted by it, for all of us never goes away. And we will remember not to be sad, that you are not truly gone, but simply that we cannot see you. We will remember that whenever you stand, though absent in our eyes, that you are smiling at us, and present in our hearts, a warmth we shall always feel . . . as we remember you, Dunbar.

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j. w. durrah

OMEGA CHAPTER - JULY 10, 1973 Photo Courtesy — Norman Hunter Johnson Publications

The SPHINX | Summer 1973 | Volume 59 | Number 3 197305903  

Accomplished alumni chapters. The 67th Annual General Convention. Brother Blanchet Retires. Policy Game Legal.