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NATIONAL COLLEGE EDITOR JAMES C. JONES Northwestern University The Sphinx is the official magazine of the Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc., 4432 Dr. Martin Luther King Dr., Chicago, III., with editorial offices at 4728 Drexel Blvd., Chicago, III. 60615. Published four times a year: February, May, October and December. Address all editorial mail to 4728 Drexel Blvd., Chicago, III. 60615. Change of Address: Send both addresses to Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, 4432 Dr. Martin Luther King Drive, Chicago, III. Manuscripts or art submitted to The Sphinx should be accompanied by addressed envelopes and return postage. Editor assumes no responsibility for return of unsolicited manuscripts or art. Opinions expressed in columns and articles do not necessarily reflect the views and policies of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc., and use of any person's name in fiction, semi-fiction articles or humorous features is to be regarded as a coincidence and not as the responsibility of The Sphinx. It is never done knowingly. Copyright 1970 by The Sphinx, Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc. Reproduction or use, without written permission, of the editorial or pictorial content in any manner is prohibited.

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THERE GOES AN ALPHA MAN There goes a man of high impulse Of princely mien and grace There goes a man of humble faith A credit to his race There goes a man of conscience vast with will to reach his goal There goes a man of lordly rank Of heroes' stock and soul— There goes a man of noble caste Whom hardship cannot break There goes a man in merit clad Whom duty won't forsake There goes a man in cultured verse Who holds a sportsman's creed There goes a man too vigilant To bow to lust or greed There goes a man whose life is spent in service not in scorn There goes a man whose majesty Shines like a May time

There goes a man who is a friend To love and duty truth There goes a man to help uplift The lives of wholesome youth There goes a man with industry and faith at his command. There goes the best man in and out For he is an Alpha Man.

Number 2

May 1972


CONTENTS The General President Speaks Brother Adam Clayton Powell General Presidetn Visits Africa Regional Directory Alpha Workshop 66th Annual General Convention Program Mayor of Xenia, Ohio Open Letter to General President and Candidates Your Job Search True Facts About Greeks Southern Region Chapters Richard Wright Eastern Region Chapters All American, Brother Billy Taylor Alphas For Life Midwestern Region Chapters Building Foundation Report Omega Chapter

2 3 12 13 15 16 20 23 25 26 29 33 36 38 42 43 46 48

—COVER Brother James R. Ford, a native of Leon County, graduate of Florida A&M University with both the B.S. and M.Ed, degrees, Assistant Principal at Leon High School, the oldest High School in Tallahassee, Florida, is now Mayor of Tallahassee since February 25, 1972. He has served as City Commissioner since February, 1971, being the first Black elected as a commissioner as well as the first Black Mayor of Tallahassee. Mayors are elected by the five Commissioners for one-year terms. He has commanded the respect of Black and White alike for his straight forwardness and pledges no miracles. "I tried to tell it like it was, that they couldn't have things without paying tor them and that there were no miracles." Brother Herman Landers, also a native of Tallahassee and Leon County, was Mayor Ford's campaign chairman when he ran for Commissioner. Brother Ford had to defeat a Veteran Commissioner for the Mayorality and this is where respect by his fellow Commissioners showed through. Brother Ford has been in education in Leon County for 22 years serving at various times as teacher at Lincoln High School, Principal of two Elementary Schools, Coordinator of Audio-Visual Instruction for Leon County, and now Assistant Principal of Leon High. He has done two tours of military duty, one in the U.S. Navy during World War II and as as 1st Lt. in the Anti-Aircraft Artillery during the Korean War. He has done further study at the University of Missouri. He is married to the former Clinita Armsby, Professor and Chairman of the Department of Home Economics at Florida A&M University. They have three children, two daughters, and a son in engineering at Florida Technological Institute.

(See page 2 1 ) ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^

Appointed. . .





General P r e s i d e n t E r n e s t N. Morial Brothers: Another of our brothers, a true black leader, joined the ranks of Brothers King and Young. Brother Adam Clayton Powell fought for blacks and used the expression "BLACK," long before it was popular. Brother Louis Martin wrote the following article about Brother Powell and I am grateful that he allowed me to share it with you . . . . Adam Powell understood what Shakespeare meant when he wrote: "All the world's stage; And all the men and women merely players. They have their exits and their entrances; And one man in his time plays many parts . . ." Called a great preacher, a great politician and great playboy, Adam followed one common principle in all of his roles. He lived in open defiance of white society. This defiance was not limited nor confined to his public life. It showed itself in his private behavior. Further, he enjoyed the loud cries of white, and sometimes black, outrage that this private conduct often engendered. With a handsome, dashing, Hollywood figure and with a quick, creative mind, Adam accepted the popular principle that when you have it, you should flaunt it. He understood too Bro. Martin the hidden sexual fears that dominate the minds of so many racist white males in America. He did not hesitate to inflame those fears with open disregard of the dictates of social custom in black-white relationship. Some say Adam played life by ear. He had some sixth sense that alerted him to every wind of social change. Certainly few successful politicians and public figures ever had a better feel for the mood and the temper of the unhappy masses, black and white. I remember the excitement when it was announced that the Russians had launched the first space satelite, Sputnik, in 1957. This was in the period when the black leadership was united in a grand assault upon racial segregation. To a packed church audience in Detroit, Adam made one of his fiery, razzle-dazzle speeches about this Sputnik. He said white Americans were going crazy trying to decipher the message or the meaning of the beep, beep Bro. Powell sound that kept coming from the Russian space ship Chicago Courier orbiting the earth. Rocking on his heels, Adam in his best oratorical manner shouted that he was the only one in America who had deciphered the message from Sputnik. He said that beep, beep sound was telling white America over and over, "Jim Crow has got to go," "Jim Crow has got to go." The audience jumped to its feet and cheered and cheered. This was Adam in one of his finest hours, symbolizing in his person the black challenge to white racism. Driving him to the airport following the talk, Adam was happy over the way he had been received and he began to elaborate on the point of his speech. He told me that whites were so obsessed with their whiteness, so preoccupied with their phony pretenses of racial superiority, so busy trying to keep blacks in "their place," and so engrossed in silly, irrelevant issues, that the Russians and the Communist could easily outstrip America in building a brave, new world. Adam said America should put an end to all this racial nonsense, mobilize and encourage the talents of all its people, black and white, and make a serious effort to establish the kind of society that would truly represent the best hope of the world. Here was Adam, sober and serious, making with great earnestness the argument of a supreme patriot. (Continued on page 28) 2


William J. Bryant

Brother William J. Bryant, DDS., Sc.D. has been appointed dental director of Roxbury Comprehensive Community Health Center, department of community medicine, School of Medicine, and assistant professor orthodontics, department of orthodontics School of graduate Dentistry, Boston University. Dr. Bryant was graduated: Bachelor of Arts degree, Premedicine, Florida A & M University, Tallahassee, Fla. (1960). Doctor of Dental Surgery degree, School of Dentistry, Meharry Medical College, Nashville, Tennessee, (May 1967). Certificate in Orthodontics, (May 1970), Doctor of Science degree, (May 1971) School of Graduate Dentistry, Boston University, Boston, Mass. 02118. Original research presentations at the 49th and 50th Endocrinology Sessions of the International Association for Dental Research 1971 (Chicago) and 1972 (Las Vegas): 1971—Effects of Protein Deficiency on Hormonal Regulation of Serum Calcium. 1972—Effects of Vitamin D2 on Serum Calcium of Protein Deficient Animals. Chairman Endocrinology Section, 49th Session of the International Association for Dental Research, Chicago, Illinois (1971). (Continued on page 18)

A LEGACY TO THE CHILDREN OF AMERICA . . . INTEGRATED TEXTBOOKS "The Black Man Left Out of United States History Texts


A Creative Force in America's Complete Development

Editor's Note: On the following pages, excerpts from Hearings before the AD Hoc Subcommittee on De Facto School Segregation, Committee on Education and Labor, House of Representatives, Eighty-Ninth Congress, Second Session, held in Washington, D. C, August 23, 24, 30, 31; and September 1, 1966, Brother Adam C. Powell, Chairman LERONE BENNETT,



ington at Valley F o r g e , they were with G r a n t in Virginia. A n d if our history has any meaning, Crispus Attucks, t h e hero of the Boston Massacre, and Salem Poor, a B u n k e r H i l l hero, ought to a p p e a r on t h e pages of our textbooks as they appeared i n t h e paintings a n d Mr. BURTON'. I t is good to have you with us. drawings of their contemporaries. M r . BENNETT. T h a n k you, Mr. Chairman. W i t h r a r e exceptions, American textbooks ignore free Negroes and I would like to say first of all I have been specializing in the writing present a rose-colored view of American' slavery. W e are asked to of books and feature articles on the history of t h e American Negro in believe t h a t , as a general rule, black men hugged their chains. W e life and culture. I have prepared a statement and I would like to read are presented a picture of fat, h a p p y , docile slaves who were almost, excerpts from t h a t statement, and then I would like to take what I conas one text says, members of the family. sider a very average American history textbook and indicate some of F e w authors explore the implications of the repeated slave revolts; t h e things I am talking about in my statement. few authors deal with the underground railroad or Negro abolitionM r . BURTON. W i t h o u t objection, the statement will appear in the ists and rebels like Frederick Douglass, D e n m a r k Vesey, a n d H a r r i e t record. Tubman. STATEMENT OF LEUCINE BENNETT, JR., AfTHOR AND SENIOR EDITOR, EBONY MAGAZINE A f t e r the slave era, a white curtain of silence descends on black Americans. W e are told occasionally t h a t black people are h a p p y America's current domestic crisis is a reflection of the failure of our schools to and t h a t they are making progress. B u t care is taken lest we see perform their basic function of preparing youths to live productive and mature lives in a multiracial society. them, and they seldom appear on stage to speak for themselves. ,^rhis_failure is rooted in an ensemble of factors, including the serious distorThere are few, if any, references to the nameless black men who tlissionsjn textbooks and teaching materials. And it is my opinion, helped t o create the social wealth of the South and the black poliers and scholars in this field, that segregated textBeyond a m s ^ ^ - " ^ " " "^aesi^giise of words, symbols, and ideas—are as ticians who gave many Southern communities their first public school erally-funded and fe"!TerTi«»._-MrB^^ ^ s >»^~«egaj£d schools and residential systems and their first welfare institutions. W e are not told of t h e teaching materials that give a balaneWpiT>vv^^____^,»*4»»»'*»>"«sare, external individual achievements of black men and women like Phiilis W h e a t Opponents of this view have raised the question of"t>w»___^^*' ^">!hjt^. opinion, they are 100 years too late. The problem now is not inr[»oTiTfc^_3_j ley, the colonial poet who was the second American woman to write a ship; the problem is ending a rfe facto censorship which stands between the" book; Benjamin Banneker, the astronomer who helped to lay out American educational system and its historic mission of creating one people out Washington, D.C.; J a n Matzeliger who revolutionized the shoe indusof many. t r y by inventing a machine for attaching soles to shoes; and Charles M r . BENNETT. America's current domestic crisis is a reflection of the Drew who helped perfect t h e blood plasma technique which has saved failure of our schools to perform their basic function of p r e p a r i n g the lives of so many Americans, black and white. youths to live productive and mature lives in a multiracial society. T h e use of textbooks filled with half-truths, evasions and distortions T h i s failure is rooted in an ensemble of factors, including the serious- is disastrous t o both white and black Americans: to white Americans distortions and omissions in textbooks and teaching materials. A n d it. because one cannot know a great deal about America unless one knows is my opinion, a n d the opinion of many writers and scholars in this a little about the N e g r o : to black Americans because personal health fielch t h a t segregated textbooks—the segregated and segregating use of depends to a great extent on g r o u p self-esteem and because the spirit words, symbols, and ideas—are as dangerous to the internal peace o f withers and dies if it is deprived of the opportunity to feed on t h e America as segregated schools and residential areas. deeds of great men and the ideals of great movements. I n a very real sense, segregated schools and residential areas areI n general, white-oriented textbooks tend to inoculate white Ameriexternal reflections of segregated m i n d s molded b y distorted teaching cans with t h e virus of racism, giving them a sense of exclusive identifitools in a white-oriented educational framework. If we integrated all cation with a land created by blood and sweat and tears of men a n d our schools and all our residential areas tomorrow a n d if we continued women of all races and creeds. T h e effect on black youth is equally to use t h e same textbooks, then all our schools and all our residential disastrous. areas would soon be segregated again. E . A . Johnson, a Negro historian, w r o t e : I t should be a p p a r e n t by now to most Americans t h a t education During my eleven years as a teacher, I have often observed the sins of omission cannot solve the race problem because education in America is a p a r t o f and commission on the part of white children, and studiously left out the many the problem. T h a t fact was evident in recent weeks in northern cities creditable deeds of the Negro. The general tone of most of the historians • * • has been that of the inferiority of the Negro » • » How must the little colored where rioters demonstrated conclusively t h a t h a t e , h o r r o r , and child feel when he has completed the assigned course of United States history swastikas are the wages of miseducation. and in it found not one word of credit, not one word of favorable comment for Ironically, the largest white explosion occurred in Chicago which • even one among the millions of his forefathers, who have lived through nearly was founded before t h e Revolutionary W a r by a bold black man, J e a n three centuries of his country's history. Baptiste Pointe du Sable. D u Sable built the first house in Chicago I might add t h a t this statement was made in 1891, and that, very and opened t h e first business there, b u t few people know his name. little has changed in our educational system in the intervening years, A n d it seems to'me t h a t a solution to our current crisis depends to a I t may be t h a t some of our problems with disturbed and angry black great extent on the opening of our minds and our textbooks to all t h e youths stem from this situation. T h e p a t t e r n of meaning we call D u Sables and the excluded r a n g e of American life and culture t h a t education is not relevant to the lives of black Americans who constithey personified. tute the majority of the public school pupils in Washington, D . C , F r o m t h e standpoint of social utility a n d from the standpoint of and a majority of the elementary school pupils in Chicago and other t r u t h , we a r e entitled to demand a balanced p o r t r a y a l of American cities. Negroes. American history texts defame or ignore black Americans. Education does not tell these students who they are and how they T o quote the authoritative study p r e p a r e d by a group of California got t h a t way. I t does not give them an image of their condition. I t scholars: does not corroborate their reality. They do not live in the country deThe greatest defect in the textbooks we have examined is the virtual omission scribed in the books. T h e books, the. words, the pictures, the symbols, of the Negro * * *. The Negro does not "exist" in the books. The authors . are about another people who live in another country. . of the books must know that there are Negroes in America, and have been since W i t h i n recent, years, there has been increasing public recognition of 1619, but they evidently do not care to mention them too frequently. the dimensions of this problem. Several big-city school systems are T h e California study went on to say t h a t — now using supplements. B u t supplements are at best temporary and The tone of a textbook is almost as important as anything it has to say. In inadequate substitutes. T h e only solution is an adequate supply of their blandness and amoral optimism these books implicitly deny the obvious total texts which give a balance portrayal of the role and achievements deprivation suffered by Negroes. In several places, they go further, implying of all Americans. approval for the suppression of Negroes or patronizing them as being unqualified Although publishers arc beginning to offer balanced texts, the supfor life in a free society. ply does not meet the demand or the need, and I believe the F e d e r a l A s an author and as an E b o n y magazine writer specializing in Government must b r i n g its resources and powers to bear in an effort historical articles, I have examined over t h e last 5 years many textto solve t h e problem. I t would be useful, I think, for t h e Office of books now in use in American school systems. I n most of t h e books Education to convene a national conference of publishers, school adI have examined, black Americans appear suddenly by a process of ministrators, teachers, and black and white scholars, including officials spontaneous generation. of the Association for the S t u d y of Negro Life and History. T h e r e is little or no material on the great African empires of Ghana, T h e r e is a need also for additional funds for enrichment and supMali, and S o n g h a y ; n o r is there a relevant confrontation w i t h the plementary p r o g r a m s for teachers and administrators as well as stuhistory of black a n d brown peoples before t h e explosion of E u r o p e dents. in the l o t h century. Beyond all t h a t , I t h i n k it is necessary for Congress to specify t h a t Of equal importance, in t h e negative conditioning of black and all federally funded a n d federally assisted p r o g r a m s must use teach•white Americans, is the glossing over of the extraordinary complexity ing tools and teaching materials t h a t give a balanced picture of all the in the peopling and building of America. Contrary to t h e p o p u l a r people. view, black people came to America long before the Mayflower. They Opponents of this view have raised t h e question of censorship^ B u t were with the first F r e n c h a n d Spanish explorers. i n m y opinion, they are 100 years too late. T h e problem now is n o t T h e y fought w i t h Prescott on B u n k e r H i l l , they were w i t h W a s h STATEMENT OF LERONE BENNETT, EDITOR AND AUTHOR, JOHNSON PUBLISHING CO., CHICAGO, ILL.

(Continued on page 5)

INTEGRATED TEXTBOOKS ( C o n t i n u e d from p a g e 4) imposing censorship; t h e problem is ending a de facto censorship •which H o w did black people accept their freedom after the Civil W a r ? I stands between the American educational system a n d its historic misthink this is one of the truly memorable historic flights of fancy in sion of creating one people out of many. American textbook publishing. T h e black people were free. W h a t I would like briefly to indicate concretely w h a t I am talking about. did that, mean? T h i s is how black and white children in America I have here a history textbook which is widely used in America in explain the meaning of freedom : t h e N o r t h and South. I t is currently being used in Chicago and I Suppose you were awakened from sleep tonight and told your parents were note it is used in South Carolina. Coming in on t h e plane last night gone away and you must look after for yourself? a young man from W y o m i n g said, " Y o u are using my textbook." I t T h e white people were gone, black people are children a n d this is is being used all across the United States and is an excellent example. the interpretation widely disseminated in n o r t h e r n cities as well as Mr. BURTON. W o u l d you give the title and date of the publication? southern cities. M r . B E N N E T T . This book is " O u r United States," copyrighted 1960 M r . CAREY. I s t h a t a specific reference in the book ? and published by Laidlaw. M r . BENNETT. Yes, it is on page 391. O n the next page Mr. BRADEMAS. T h e authors are? Mr. CARET. A r e you reading directly from the book? Mr. BENNETT. H a r o l d H . E i b l i n g , superintendent of schools in Co-. Mr. BENNETT. "Suppose you were awakened from sleep tonight and lumbus, O h i o ; F r e d M. K i n g , director of instruction, Rochester public told your parents were gone away and had to look after yourself." I t ' s schools, Rochester, M i n n . ; and J a m e s H a r l o w , Wilson J u n i o r H i g h a direct quote. School, Oakland, Calif. On the next page there are references to the fact t h a t black people I have mentioned there is very little material on black people in textparticipated in the Reconstruction era. T h e references are uniformly books prior to the slave era. This book follows the pattern. T h e r e is negative so far as they relate to black people. W e are told money was one sentence introducing black people into American life in 1619. spent unwisely for various purposes. W e are not told a great deal of T h e y disappear for 200 y e a r s ; and then we find them as slave people. this money was spent to create the South's first public welfare system Mr. Carey was concerned a few moments ago about the problem of and education system, money spent wisely. finding illustrative material to b r i n g black people into American life There is a reference to the overthrow and Reconstruction. T h e r e a r e a n d history. I would say there is no problem at all if we used black 282 remaining pages in this book b u t there is only one single reference people in the places they appeared in history. t o black people after the Reconstruction period. W e a r e told some F o r example, here is a picture of the Boston massacre. All the black people are moving to t h e North. T h e r e is an interesting disfaces are white. Several Negroes were present on t h a t occasion and cussion on the problems of the cities. several I n d i a n s . I n fact, a black man, Crispus A t t a c k s , led the BosW h a t are those problems? W a t e r supply, streets, and traffic, t h e ton massacre, yet we have a beautiful colored picture of all white menace of fire and protecting property. T h i s book even contrives t o people. discuss at length the slums without once mentioning Negro Americans. Second, we have all white faces here with George Washington I t h a n k you very much for this opportunity to say a few words on crossing t h e Delaware. Another distortion of reality because at least this subject. two black men were in t h e boat with W a s h i n g t o n crossing the DelaMr. BURTON. T h a n k you, Mr. Bennett. ware. T w o contemporary drawings or paintings indicate that. This Congressman Brademas? is an example of the complete blackout in textbooks. M r . BRADEMAS. T h a n k you very much for your extremely interestNegroes disappear for 200 years and t h e n wo pick them u p in t h e ing testimony, Mr. Bennett. slave period. T h i s p a r t i c u l a r b o o k has an interesting comment which On p a g e . 3 , 1 believe, of your statement you call attention to the lack. I would like to read in p a r t t o g i v e you an idea of how black people are of material in American school textbooks on African history. Agreetreated in textbooks widely used in America. i n g t h a t t h a t is probably an accurate description of the situation, would M r . BURTON. Cite t h e page. you not also agree that"this is a reflection of the fact t h a t we just have M r . BENNETT. P a g e 3S2, and it is the only example in this book in not paid enough attention to Africa generally in the United States a n d which black people are presented as people. These are the only t h a t the whole country has a long way to go in this respect? I , for inNegro characters. I t is the onlv extensive reference to Negroes and stance, have been struck by the fact t h a t the Secretary of State of t h e t h e only Negro characters in the t o o k . A lieutenant in the Civil W a r , United States has never set foot on the continent of Africa. a Union lieutenant appeared at a plantation in Tennessee to tell the You do not quarrel with what I have said ? slaves they are free. Mr. BENNETT. I do not quarrel with what you have said. I think i t I will r e a d : is indeed a blind spot in our national life. I would also emphasize t h a t in order to discuss at any level the history of America, we must realize Tlie young lieutenant mounted his horse, sat up straight, and called out clearly: "I have been directed by the President of the United States to read to t h a t we are a combination of immigrants. W e are a nation of immiyou slaves this Emancipation Proclamation." grants. I n order to discuss our country, you generally find some brief He went on to tell them how President Lincoln believed slavery to be wrong discussion of the Old W o r l d . and how he believed it should be done away with. He then read the Emancipation Proclamation whicli declared that as of January 1,1803, all slaves in States W h e r e did these people come from? W e find uniformly, with few which were at war with the United States were to be henceforth and forevermore exceptions—just in one or two texts I can think of at this time—you find free. almost a uniform absence of material or reference to Africa, where t h e When he had finished reading the presidential order, the lieutenant folded the black people came from. I am h a p p y to note I have seen one book paper and placed it inside his tunic. To his surprise, the Austin slaves showed which discusses with understanding and sympathy the history of no joy over their new freedom. They stood still, eyeing the soldiers suspiciously. Finally old Uncle Josephus stepped timidly forward. Africa prior to the white m a n and t h e contribution Africa made t o "Please, sir," he said, cap in hand, "may we please go back to our work now?" world size. . "Drat it, man!" the lieutenant lust his patience. "Didn't you understand Mr. BRADEMAS. I f I might offer a modest plug for a bill t h a t touches what I've just said? You're free! You can do anything you want, go anywhere you want!" on this problem, this committee has worked t o pass the International "Lieutenant," Mrs. Austin raised her hand, "they don't understand what you Education Act. have just read. We've kept them pretty much in ignorance of what has been W e have a great lack of understanding of Asia as well as Africa, I going on. I'm afraid, we haven't done anything to make them trust you. May I talk to them?" \\ as glad to see that in his message to Congress last F e b r u a r y President Johnson urged t h a t we use some of the funds under the research title Now, this distorts reality in several ways. I n t h e first place these of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 to improve are the only Negro characters presented in this book whicli is used in the curriculum in t h e field of international studies in elementary a n d Chicago, Arizona, South Carolina, all across the United States. secondary schools. Secondlv, no mention is made anywhere in this book of the 186,000 I would hope one aspect of t h a t effort would be to give greater attensoldiers who fought in the Union A r m y for their freedom. No mention to this"whole problem of African history and, in particular, sometion is made of the 200,000 black southerners who ran away from the t h i n g along the lines of y o u r observations of t h e contributions of South and helped the Union A r m y as laborers. No mention is made Africa to the history of the world. of the 29,000 black Sailors serving* in uniform in the LTnion Navy in T w o other questions, quickly. You live in Chicago ? the Civil W a r . Mr. B E N N E T T . Yes. W e are presented with one type of character to indicate how black Mr. BRADEMAS. H a s any systematic study of which you are aware people accepted their freedom, " h a t in hand." been made of the extent to which textbooks in American schools, let's Another problem of interest, not to me so much but perhaps it should say in Chicago, or let's say in some of the big city metropolitan school be of interest to the Pentagon, or someone. Most American textbooks systems of the North, let's forget the question of South for a moment, do a very interesting thing. There is usually a very large color photoand talk of my p a r t of t h e country and y o u r p a r t of the country, a r e g r a p h of Gen. Robert E . Lee. There is no photograph of a Union limited? general. My friend and colleague, Dr. J o h n Hope F r a n k l i n , has even A r e we aware there is racial bias in the textbooks used in the schools examined textbooks widely used in America in which there are two of Chicago or in the schools of New York, Philadelphia, Detroit, or large photographs of Gen. Robert E . Lee and no photographs of any South Bend, Ind., for t h a t matter? Union general. Mr. B E N N E T T . I refer in my statement, I did not read it, to the excelP e r h a p s the moral i s : I t ' s more blessed to lead an army against your lent study p r e p a r e d by a group of scholars in California. T h i s , I country t h a n for your country.

(Continued on page 6)


INTEGRATED TEXTBOOKS ( C o n t i n u e d from p a g e structure 5) and concept of this book. I would agree t h a t we do not give think. Was one of the l>est studies of hidden bins in textbooks in Northadequate attention to many minorities but I tend to resist the equation ern State-. That is on page 3 and the conclusion of the California of the treatment of black Americans with the treatment of other mistudy was thai the greatest defect in the studies we have examined is norities in history textbooks for one simple reason and t h a t is t h a t one the virtual omission of the Negro. cannot teach American history without confronting black people. The Negro does not exist in these books. The authors of the CaliYou can't talk about t h e Civil W a r without talking about the Negro. fornia study went on to examine the various distortions in the Mr. CARET. T h e book is only a teaching tool. I s it not a great retextbooks. sponsibility on the part of the teacher who is well prepared in this field Mr. BRADEMAS. W h o made the study ? to quarrel with the book ? Mr. BENNETT. Several scholars in California, including Dr. KenMr. BENNETT. Precisely. I would say because of a great many neth S t a m p p . problems many teachers, many scholars, in fact, are unaware of many Mr. BRADEMAS. It might be appropriate to have the citation on t h a t things concerning the history of black Americans. I will cite one study for possible inclusion in the record. incident. I was doing an article for Ebony magazine for the RevoluMr. BURTOX. Would you see that Dr. Matthew gets t h a t study and tionary W a r period and called an agency to ask for a picture of George we will make reference' to it at this point in the record and have it Washington crossing the Delaware, a picture of Bunker Hill, and one available in the files of the hearing. of the Boston massacre. Mr. B E X X E T T . Yes, sir. T h e expert in charge of this said, "You are calling for E b o n y ; (See appendix.) you must be a Negro. I don't know why you want the pictures, there are no Negroes on these pictures." Mr. BRADEMAS. On the last page you offer a constructive suggestion; I said, ''You are wrong," and he said, "Don't tell me I am wrong, I namely, a national conference of publishers, administrators, teachers, have handled those pictures for 80 years." and scholars at which this whole problem could be, aired and discussed. I said, "Go and look. I will hold the phone and then you can tell T h i s would seem to me to be a very sensible proposal. I think that we me." need to give very careful attention, and you point out the immediate H e looked at the pictures, came back to the phone apologetically, apprehendvenoss sonic of us might have to your other proposed remand said, "There are Negroes right in the middle. I have been looking edy in which you say. " I think it is necessary for Congress to specify at them every day for .".(> years and I never noticed them." that all federally funded and federally assisted programs must use W h a t is involved is that we have a trained blindness in many teachins tools and teaching materials that give a balanced picture of 1 scholarly circles. This is why I said we need additional money for all the people. ' an enrichment of a program for scholars and teachers so they will I am certainly sympathetic, with the purpose of that proposed remknow. Many people looking at ihis picture of George Washington edy. but the only concern I would have is working out some kind of crossing the Delaware or the all-white picture of the Boston massacre mechanism that, would enable us to achieve such a purpose without wouldn't have the slightest idea what is wrong with it. W e have to p u t t i n g the Federal Government in the position of telling people what teach teachers to teach the students. textbooks they ought to use, for example, censorship, the problem you Mr. CARET. Couldn't the practice of the IT.S. Information Agency allude to in the next p a r a g r a p h in your statement. under which it has appropriated funds to encourage authors to write H a v e you any comment on how we could walk t h a t tightrope intelbooks, hopefully balanced, be followed so t h a t we could institute these ligently without our being charged, as I am sure somebody is going programs in domestic, libraries as we do throughout the world ? to charge us, with wanting to tell people what to p u t in their textMr. B E N N E T T . Yes. books? I don't think the Federal Government should get into the Mr. CARET. I t would seem someone could write a dynamic story business of censoring textbooks or any kind of books. with the author recognizing what has happened since 1960 in h u m a n Mr. BENNETT. I don't think it is a problem of telling people what rights. textbooks they must use. I certainly think it is within bounds to say A n author could devote some of his scholarly time to this. H e could simply that it is in accordance with our national goals that teaching produce a better work now by reason of what has happened in our tools and teaching materials be used that give a balanced picture of all schools since 1960. the people all of the time. We have had recently on the State level in I s n ' t it true t h a t if authors will restructure these books to take into several States, California and Michigan, I believe, action by the legisaccount the progress since 1960, this could be one remedy ? lature requiring or suggesting t h a t materials on the history of black Mr. BENNETT. I think that is one remedy. I t would be very helppeople in America be included in the regular curriculum. ful, too, if the Federal Government would help to stimulate authors T h e California-Michigan Legislatures did not, I am sure, tend to and textbook publishers. censor anything. On the national level, their approach would seem to Mr. CARET. I s n ' t title I I an author-encouragement program for me to be applicable. I would say, after some understanding of the authors? W e are spending a great deal more money for new textproblems involved, I say it because of t h e understanding of a fact of a books. W e want the contribution of Americans to their own country. condition t h a t exists. Mr. BENNETT. M y experience has been the experience of many peoT h i s is not the first time in American life t h a t we have grappled ple involved in this. Unless people are told precisely t h a t we want with this problem. As I mentioned, in the first two decades of the a balanced presentation, it won't be done unless pressure is applied. 20th century, the Association for the Study of Negro Life and H i s F o r example, the. book I referred to was used for many years in Detroit. tory fought for a balanced presentation of American citizens in textT h e parents of Negro children in t h a t city demanded a revision, debooks. I have here an old and weathered copy of a supplementary manded t h a t they stop using that particular book, and then some actext prepared in 1942 for the Chicago public school system on Negro tion was taken. history. T h e Detroit school system published a Negro history supplement, Nothing has been clone about it. I am t r y i n g to suggest here t h a t but it took pressure to get some action in this field. I think the Fedunless there is vigorous action and sustained action on the Federal eral Government should encourage authors and textbook publishers level nothing will be done about this problem. to publish balanced materials. Let them know there is a market for Mr. BRADEMAS. T h a n k you very much. the new materials. Let them know also that if they lose, to be quite Mr. BURTON. T h a n k you, Congressman Brademas. blunt, the .southern market, they can make it up in other areas. Congressman Carey f I think we need some positive sanctions here so the textbook pubMr. CAREY. T h a n k you for your testimony, Mr. Bennett. While we lishers know they will not lose money. If they lose in some places, they are at it, the potent observations you make about the history of Africa can make it up in others. and the people of that continent are also typical of our neighbors to Mr. CAREY. I would hope there would be a great, deal of pressure the South. Isn't it true we neglect entirely the great development of from.teaching organizations for teachers to quarrel with what is in the Latin American continent ? I have found in my experience in my these books that do not square with history. I t is not the Bible we are own city—I come from the district where H e n r y Beecher once teaching here. W e do need a liberal interpretation. I think it is an preached—I have a curious question which I direct to children of opportunity to dispute the. findings in the books. junior high school age of white Anglo-Saxon background. I ask them That wouldn't cure the problem, however, because the book remains pointedly about Puerto Rican citizenship and they hedge on the quesin the school. tion. They don't know whether these children are American citizens. You would find the same distressing facts you have found, b u t you This is because we don't tell them they are American citizens. W e could use them as object lessons for the students until we improve the don't do well in other areas in addition to the black minority. books. I s it not true this textbook is probably an antique in terms of good Mr. BURTON. One final question. H a s the book by Horace Cayton teaching in schools in this day and age even though it was published been updated? in 1960 ? Since 1960 we have seen and heard slogans on this particular Mr. BENNETT. I t ' s been updated recently. point of the contribution of minorities in our country in the last 6 years. Mr. BURTON. W h a t is it called? T h e best I think to be said of this book is t h a t it is out of date. I s t h a t Mr. BENNETT. I t ' s called Black Metropolis, and it is in a papercorrect ? back. Mr. BENNETT. I would add it is out of date, but really the book has Mr. BURTON. T h a n k you very much. structural problems. I think the problem in this book is rooted in the 6

ALL ABOUT ADAM Words from the Black Media... Adam C. Powell The words are being said by Black people everywhere today. Words of sorrow. Words of praise. Words of remembrance Words of love. But the words will never replace the living, vibrant, brash, dedicated leader who fell the victim of a slow and painful death on Tuesday night. Just as we completed the day of mourning at the loss of another fallen leader, Rev. Martin Luther King, the word came that Harlem's own Rev. Adam Clayton Powell — had died in Miami. It can be truly said of Adam Clayton Powell — he was a man whose thoughts and acts were years ahead of his time. He spoke about Black Power a decade before the rest of us understood the meaning of the phrase." He fought for us against those elements in organized labor who were not sympathetic to our cause. He fought for a massive anti-poverty program before we aware how bad the schools would soon become. He fught for a massive anti-poverty program before we understood fully how massive was our need. He fought the image projected through the white press before we realized how much they were distorting him. He said in 1944: "Today we are marching up freedom road! The marching hosts of the common men of America are moving on to certain victory. "When our marching men come back to our shores let us not give them a lesser democracy than the one they left behind. Let us present them with a democracy that's marching, militant — that is united." Harlem will remember Adam Powell in its special way. For a time, when he was strongest, his name was synomymous with our community. At some point, the times caught up with him. His personal problems, coupled with the violent opposition of Congressional leaders and the press, engulfed him. Then he began to age quickly. And in the most recent years, it sometimes hurt us to see him — who had stood so high — to appear powerless and beaten. But all in all, in the end, he is still Adam. He represents the strength in us and the weaknesses in us. Rest in Peace, Adam. N.Y Amsterdam News

A Review . . . MARCHING BLACKS by Adam C. Powell by SIMON ANEKWE A generation ago, Adam Clayton Powell, Jr. put down his thoughts on the Negro movement in his book, "Marching Blacks, An Interpretive History of the Rise of the Black Common Man," a legacy for Blacks whom he left Tuesday, still marching on. "My folks were field Negroes for countless generations. That's why I belong to the masses. I am proud to consider myself a new Negro — a marching Black," Powell wrote in 1945. And he told how he came to march. "My grandfather was a branded slave," morn in a one-room log cabin in Franklin County, Va. "The letter P, nine inches high, was burned into his back. "I stood on a chair at the age of ten and traced down his brown back with my finger that P of seared human flesh. I swore to my God that I would not rest until I had wiped that brand from my memory and from the conscience of white America." His father, one of 17 children, "taught himself to read by studying the Gospel According to St. John by the fireside one winter. On and on he went until he studied at Yale University; built up the largest Protestant congregation in the world; housed it in property worth $400,000, paid every cent of it, and inaugurated one of the first complete institutional churches in the nation." Powell wrote of his grandmother, Sally, on his father's side. "She hated 'po' white trash with all the contempt a slave could muster — in particular one woman who made her get off the path every time she came along." That is, until the first day after Emancipation Sally beat up the white girl and they became friends ever after. For Sally was "a free Negro now." That freedom came largely through the influence of the church, "black and white, North and South." Yet Powell held that "The South will never be improved fundamentally, until the un-christian, undemocratic hypocrisy of the southern white church is blasted out . . ." "Today's church has come upon evil ways. It can no longer throw the impact of integrity against an unethical society. Just as America has grown soft, so has the church. The muscle of both must be hardened by the upward surge of marching Blacks." "From 1880 the Negroes wandered forty years in the wilderness. They were the burden bearers of a democracy 'For Whites Only'", Powell wrote. "Without any knowledge of their past, without any hope for the future, Negroes made a cheap copy of the white man's social life," particularly the "more or less light-skinned Negroes . . . The masses, bewildered and confused, were waiting for a great voice to sound the call . . . Divided they were powerless, but one day the mass would move as one." Yet he felt that "the Negro was ready to take his place in the American scene on an equal basis with all other citizens. Collectively he had not yet developed the fundamental prerequisite for group advancement — mass organization . . ." (Continued on page 8) 7

MARCHING BLACKS (Continued from page 7) Then came 1905 and the start of "the first Negro mass movement began," "spearheaded by DuBois and aided by independent radicals like my father." In 1910 came the formation of the NAACP which became a constant thorn in the flesh of fascist America. Lost power "At times it lost power and prestige by coming too closely under the control of whites. Many of these whites considered the NAACP a conscience salve. They would donate hundreds of dollars to its treasury and yet refuse to employ Negroes in the corporations they headed . . ." Blacks fought in World War I and "covered themselves with glory." Millions migrated to the North. They stopped voting in blocks for the Republican party and a new brand of "black nationalism came to the forefront." "On the crest of such a wave of black radicalism rode the magnificent figure of President-General of the Universal Negro Improvement Association, Marcus Garvey. Backed by one-million followers in splendid array he preached a program of Africa for Africans . . .", at home and abroad. Harlem grew up to outstrip Chicago, a city founded by a Black man, Jean DuSable. And the people of Harlem took up the march. N.Y. Amsterdam News

Brother Wyatt Tee Walker, Pastor Canaan Baptist Church . of Harlem In many ways the death of Powell is a release from the late tragic years of his life. It is a pity that a man so marvelously gifted did not realize his full potential of public service. It must be said that the earlier years of his career were productive and even heroic. It is a shame that the last years ended so badly. I hope he is at peace now. BROTHER CHARLES RANGEL, (U.S. Prep. N.Y) Before Martin Luther King, and Malcolm X, there was Adam Clayton Powell. Throughout the 30's, 40's and early 50's, Adam C. Powell was the only leader Black America really had. In those days only Adam with his commanding presence and great oratorial gifts could mobilize people to act. As a young minister, in the 30's, he forced Harlem stores, utilities companies and bus lines to hire Blacks. The tactics he used . . . picketing, boycotts, and sit-ins were later copied by Civil rights leaders everywhere. Throughout this period, only Adam articluated to Blacks a vision of who they were and what they could do together. What he said, was an early version of "Black Pride," a phrase he later coined. In 1944, he published a book called "Marching Blacks." Very few Blacks were marching in those days and none of them called themselves Black.

TRIBUTES... BROTHER C. SUMNER "CHUCK" STONE Who served two and a half years as administrative assistant to Adam Clayton Powell, said that he felt it was ironic that Powell's death occurred the day after Martin Luther King, Jr. was assassinated. Stone is the author of the novel "King Strut," which he wrote after his years as an aide and confidant of Powell's. The book is said to be based on the life of the militantly pioneering lawmaker. "Powell and King," he said, "were two of the great titans of our times and there are few black men around who could carry their briefcases today. "Powell fought white racism and black Uncle Tomism with equal fervor. "He was as opposed to the establishment oreos as he was to the Richard Daleys and the George Wallaces. "Adam was an incredibly brilliant man, whose career as a productive legislator, devoted minister, spellbinding speaker and dedicated freedom fighter made him a truly unusual person," said Stone, who also is a former Daily Defender editor. "All of us have been diminished by his passing and are poorer for it, but all of us — especially black American — had our lives enriched merely because he spent a few years on earth. "I'm going to miss the hell out of him because I loved him deeply and, if I can, will continue to raise divine hell just as he would have wanted me to do. "You can be sure, baby, I'll keep the faith." 8

REP. LOUIS STOKES (D. - O) "The Congressional Black Caucus joins the family and friends of Rev. Adam Clayton Powell, Jr. in deeply mourning the passing of an eloquent preacher, a committed and powerful legislator, a great man and good friend. "His death is a terrible loss to all who knew him. Adam Clayton Powell was a pioneer and forerunner of the quest for the political black community for over 20 years. His eloquent voice was the lone but powerful voice of black people on the national scene. He was relentless in his demand for equality of all minority people. In his congressional manner, he commanded both respect and dignity. "The 600 pieces of social legislation passed by Congress during Rep. Powell's term as chairman of the House Committee on Education and Labor still remain a record in the House of Representatives. (Continued on page 9)

FAREWELL... by BOB QUEEN Afro-American Correspondent NEW YORK — In 1927, Harlem said farewell to "The Little Blackbird," Florence Mills, the toast of Broadway, in 1949 it turned out enmasse in sad adieu to Bill (Bojangles) Robinson, "The Mayor of Harlem" — on Sunday, April 9, 1972, in one of the three biggest turnouts at last rites in history, the big, black community said its final goodbye to "The Fallen Warrior." The body of Dr. Adam Clayton Powell Jr., following a two-hour service, was whisked away with a police escort, for the flight back to Bimini, the island sanctuary he found and where he decreed that his ashes be scattered rather than be interred in the America that had turned its back on him. "There was nothing really wrong with Adam Clayton Powell," said Dr. Gardner C. Taylor, a pastor of the Concord Baptist Church of Christ, in one of the many tributes. "The only thing wrong was with America."

Ordained Minister... at 2 2 (Continued from page 8) "We knew him as "Adam', a fierce and unrelenting fighter for equality. History will report him as a man who became a legend in his own lifetime." Brother Powell was born in New Haven, Conn., on Nov. 29, 1908, to the Rev. and Mrs. Adam Clayton Powell Sr. The elder Powell moved the family to New York where he built the Abyssinian Baptist Church into one of the nation's largest congregations. Brother Powell attended Colgate University and Columbia and was ordained a Baptist minister at the age of 22. He began assisting his father and succeeded him at the Abyssinian Church in 1937. During the Depression he widened his political base by leading demonstrations that forced utilities and Harlem businesses to hire Negroes. In 1941 he began his political career, winning a New York City council seat. When reapportionment gave Harlem its own Congressional seat in 1944, Brother Powell ran for the house on the Democratic, Republican and American Labor Party tickets. He swept to an easy victory and was not threatened until 1970. He thrived on loud confrontations with segregationists in Congress and repeatedly introduced antisegregation amendments to non-civil rights bills.


Maybe America and the House of Representatives that created the bitterness, turned its back on the colorful and often controversial minister, but on this chilly day and a bright sun beaming through the spires of Abyssinian Baptist Church, Harlem stood in silence and shed its tears. Crowds jammed both corners of W. 138th St., at Lenox and 7th Aves., and packed the porches across the street and filled the windows. Many, more daring, peered over the edge of the unprotected five-story rooftops to gaze down at the solid wall of humanity and the scores of celebrities in both the ministerial and government ranks, local and Federal, who filled up the center section. Over 200 members of the press, radio and television media, alone covered the event, with newspapers and radio stations from his beloved Caribbean island, seen among the newsmen and women. Afro-American

"There was nothing wrong with Adam except America — America as he found it, America as it refused to be what it said it was." The eulogy delivered by Dr. Proctor "Adam was our new hero," Dr. Proctor said, reminiscing over Powell's election to the New York City Council in 1941. "He had defied the power structure, had created a Black political base and had given us our first evidence that American institutions were capable of any change at all . . . "What do we owe Adam?" Proctor asked, rhetorically. "We owe him federal manpower training, Head Start, Job Corp, higher minimum wage, federal aid to education loans for college students," and many more programs Powell fostered and fought for during his term as chairman of the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Education and Labor. Proctor said Powell "roared like a lion and spnaaed like a cobra" in defense of "all those who had been beaten and broken by poverty and disease, whose lives were being snuffed out slowly by steady oppression." Commenting on Powell's ouster from Congress in 1967 on charges of misuse of public funds, Dr. Proctor said, "When he was denied a chance to take his congressional seat, it was one of the most blatant examples of a double standard and of the depth of contempt for bold Black men that this nation has seen. The men who excluded him had sat in the House for years allowing racism to run rampant, subsidizing their favorite industries at the expense of the poor, denying Constitutional rights to Black people . . . They supported a segregated Army, Navy, Air Force, National Guard and state police." (Continued on page 10) 9

EULOGY (Continued from page 9) Dr. Proctor said, "Adam took out after the whole crowd. He threw down the foul flag every time he saw a foul, and they couldn't stand him. So they tightened the noose, and when they thought they had him, they sprang the trap." In a slow, deliberate voice, Dr. Proctor concluded his eulogy: "Like St. Paul, facing his end, Adam came down to the shores of time a lonesome man. But, as St. Paul said to Timothy, I can hear Adam answering the moment, 'I'm not ashamed. I know in whom I have believed, and He is able. . . . The time of my departure is at hand. I have fought a good fight. I have finished my course. I have kept the faith.'"

ENVIABLE R E C O R D . . . Chairman: Committee on Education and tabor Brother Powell, as chairman of the U. S. House of Representatives Committee on Education and Labor, compiled one of the most impressive legislative records in the history of the committee since its founding in 1867 — a worthy and lasting legacy. During his term as chairman, Powell successfully guided to passage 49 important laws from his committee. Some of the laws included: 1) Amendment of the vocational education laws to include and help practical nurse training programs; 2) Enlargement of the coverage of minimum wage legislation to include retail clerks; also increasing the minimum wage to $1.25 an hour; 3) Establishment of a teaching hospital for Howard University, which involved the transfer of the Freedmen's Hospital to Howard; 4) Laws providing more money for the training of teachers of the deaf and handicapped children; also education of the blind; 5) Extension of the law providing funds for school construction and maintenance in federally impacted areas; 6) Amendment of the National Defense Education Act providing loans to college students; 7) The Manpower Development and Training Act, to make more jobs available; 8) The Work Hours Act of 1962, establishing standards for pay and work of laborers and mechanics; 9) Legislation guaranetting equal pay for equal work; 10) Registration of contractors of migrant workers. 11) Study of health and safety conditions in metal mines. 12) Increased benefits for Longshoremen and Harbor Workers. 13) Providing for analysis of manpower shortage in correctional rehabilitation. On the fifth anniversary of his chairmanship (March, 1966), President Johnson wrote a letter to Powell commending him on a "brilliant record of accomplishment." Powell's record, he said, "represents the successful reporting to the Congress of 49 pieces of bedrock legislation. And the passage of every one of these bills attests to your ability to get things done." 10

"Even now," Johnson wrote, "these laws, which you so effectively guided through the House, are finding abundant reward in the lives of our people." He added: "Only with progressive leadership could so much have been accomplished by one committee in so short a time. I speak for the millions of Americans who benefit from these laws when I say that I am truly grateful."

"Adam Powell was born to walk a royal road," said Dr. Gardner C. Taylor. "When Powell was born, nature played a trick on America," he said, for "it gave him a nimble mind that could answer a question before it was asked. It gave him a gift of phrase that could both bless and burn." "If America should go down to decay," said Dr. Taylor," "it will do so because it ignored his warnings."



Pres. Johnson and Congressman Powell

Tribute to Adam C. Powell, Jr. The thunderous voice is silenced forever. And no more will his followers watch Adam Clayton Powell Jr., strut on the streets of his beloved Harlem, a part of America he made known worldwide. Too many Americans will remember Adam Powell as a colorful Baptist minister, who practiced not what he preached, and who at the peak of a 25-year political career was stripped of his congressional role and later defeated in an election. Powell spent his last years in exile in Bimini, far from the struggles he once led. Adam Powell's accomplishments were significant. He pioneered as a House committee chairman who racked up a tremendous legislative record. He was the initial author of a Black political plan. He was the first minister to bring the Black church, with its millions of members, into the civil rights arena. He was the negotiator of the first link of U.S. Blacks with the world's nonwhite peoples. Adam Powell conceived soup kitchens for his starving church members long before the late Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. attended college. He was battling Dixie law-makers on Capitol Hill while the late Malcolm X was in prison. He was fighting for equal opportunity in employment at a time when the late Whitney M. Young Jr., was unknown. He voiced militancy long before the leaders of the sit-in movement in the South were born. Of middle-class upbringing Adam Powell did not have to champion the rights of the Blacks, the poor or the minorities. But he chose to make Harlem his home, and its desidents his kind of people. They, more than any other Americans, know his worth. On his final trip to Harlem. Adam Powell received the respect of a fallen leader — which he was for so long. — SIMEON BOOKER Jet Magazine

FROM A HARLEM BLACK - Now a Man! THANK YOU, ADAM From a little Black boy from Harlem — who grew up HON. ADAM CLAYTON POWELL, JR., D.D. 1 9 0 8 — Rest in Peace — 1 9 7 2

TRIBUTES... BROTHER LEWIS A. H. CALDWELL (State Representative — 111.) "I was priveleged to know him as a young man and no matter what posture he assumed in later life, we can be grateful for his militancy which he articulated in his early years." Brother Caldwell stated that he would remember Brother Powell as a "true leader" who had the courage and resourcefulness to "do what had to be done in the early thirties to make things better for the black people." His legacy to all of us in his dynamic leadership that he gave at time when the particular quality was rare."

BROTHER RALPH METCALFE (U.S. Representative — 111.)

Thank you, Adam, For having the courage of your convictions very early in your life. Thank you, Adam, For taking the first giant step on 125th Street, long before there was a Malcolm, Martin or Whitney — to insure the Black residents of Harlem, that they could at least get jobs and work in the stores in their community, so that today some, but not nearly enough, own a piece of the economic pie! Thank you, Adam, For awakening your Brothers and Sisters to the truth that they are due — and demand a share of the vaunted "American Dream." Thank you, Adam, For your efforts on behalf of black people. When I was a boy growing up in Harlem, not realizing at the time that Adam Clayton Powell, and those courageous black leaders working with him, could have helped to open doors, so that one day, over thirty-five years later, the boy — who grew up and worked on 125th Street for many years, could today take his place in the "exclusive" ranks of leaders of Business and Commerce, and make his community, and his people proud! Because of YOU, Adam, and others like you that followed, a dream came true, and I sincerely hope it comes true for others in all the Harlems of America. Thank you, Adam, KENNETH N. SHERWOOD Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer Of The Kenwood Company, Inc.

"America has lost in the death of Brother Adam Clayton Powell one of its most vigorous political and civil rights warriors. New York, Washington, Chicago and the entire country is poorer. Adam never stepped back from an issue nor failed to speak out when the destiny of black citizens was at stake. I feel that in many respects, Adam touched the conscience of America as few men in history. He was that unusual brand of human being — an All American Congressman, orator, debator, critic, preacher and a guerillatype street fighter. He will be surely missed.

REP. CHARLES C. DIGGS (D., Mich.) Speaking on behalf of the Congressional Black Caucus at the request of Rep. Louis Stokes (D., Ohio), chairman of the Caucus, said, "We know how much Adam was loved and feared and hated. We know of his solid legislative achievements — that he was one of the principal architects of Black political power in this nation." Diggs said that the "envious and mediocre men" who stripped Powell of his congressional seat "did not take from him the love of Black and oppressed people who gave him thanks."

P.S. While you kept the faith, the people drew renewed faith in themselves at the historic National Black Political Convention in Gary, Indiana. Though unseen, it was your hand which guided them to a new era in the political life of America, and the Kenwood Corp. was indeed pleased to have sponsored the live broadcasts of this historic convention back to the people of this community. Thanks again Adam, and so long. 11

GENERAL PRESIDENT M O R I A L . . . AFRICA Greeted by President Tolbert of Liberia


at Executive Mansion at Monrovia, Liberia

By Brother James Fitzpatrick The men of Delta Lambda Chapter of the Alpha Phi Fraternity gathered at the 'Alpha House,' 3201 Clifton Avenue, on Saturday, January 15, 1972 for their Annual Founders Day Dinner. The event was to commemorate the 65th year of the existence of Alpha Phi Alpha, the first black fraternity, founded in 1906 at Cornell University, Ithaca, New York.

Shown above at the Executive Mansion are President William R. Tolbert, President Ernest N. Morial, Dr. Marguerite Cartwright and Mrs. Morial.



Approximately 50 brothers were present to enjoy the delicious steak dinner and a timely address by Brother T. Dixon, Dean of Cortez W. Peters Business School and himself a past president of Delta Lambda Chapter. As he spoke, Brother Dixon told his brothers that "as Alpha men we must live up to what we pretend to be. We must provide political leadership by educating the masses." In this connection he cited the late Brother Martin Luther King, Jr., who not only distinguished himself as an Alpha man but also in the fight for freedom and equality, before he was struck down by an assassins' bullet. Brother Dixon further urged the younger Alpha men to seek public office, not so much for the glory and charisma that might be attached to it but only if they are dedicated to the proposition of hard work. He indicated that those now in office seek and need our support. He went on to say that in all of our actions and our dealings we should and must think before we act. Again, pointing to leadership, Brother Dixon, said, "Alpha Phi Alpha must provide the kind of leadership that this community needs. It is up to each Alpha man to be the right man, at the right time to seize an opportunity."

Brother Milton B. Flemings who is on leave of absence from Long Island University, is Director of the Institute of Pathobiology at Haile Sellassie University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. He took time to visit The Sphinx while in Egypt to present a technical paper on his work to a body of scientists from all over the world. 12

Other Alpha brothers participating in the program were Brother John W. King, Director of Education for Delta Lambda Chapter; Brother Charles Pinchback, the Chaplain; Brother Robert A. Smith, Past Chapter President, who presented Brother Dixon; and Brother Wesley N. Shelton, the current President of Delta Lambda Chapter.


REGIONAL SECRETARY — Samuel W. Davis 6743 - 3rd Ave., Los Angeles, California 90043 (213) 751-0896 PUBLIC RELATIONS DIRECTOR — Thomas W. Robinson 3824 Dublin Ave., Los Angeles, California 90008 (213) 382-2549 ADVISOR — Roger Q. Mason 705 South Serrano St., Los Angeles, Calif. 90005 (213) 382-2549 SOUTHWEST DIRECTOR OF COLL. ACT. — Clinton Minnis 2118 South Bagley St., Los Angeles, Calif. 90034 (213) 839-3161 SOUTHEAST DIRECTOR OF COLL. ACT. — Felix L. Goodwin 941 East Seneca St., Tucson, Arizona 85719 Home (602) 623-9555 — Office (602) 884-2744 EDITOR-TO-THE-SPHINX — Cranford Crawford P.O. Box 4012, Las Vegas, Nevada (702) 642-5291 DIRECTOR OF EDUCATION — Jesse H. Sterling 3507 Knollcrest Ave., Los Angeles, Calif. 90043 (213) 295-1938 NORTHWEST DIRECTOR OF COLL. ACT. — Alexander 0 . Hicks 7619 S.E. 37th PI., Mercer Island, Wash. 98040 (206) 839-3161 NORTHEAST DIRECTOR OF COLL. ACT. — Laurence Ogletree 6550 East 6th Avenue, Denver, Colorado 80220 (303) 322-5677 CENTRAL DIRECTOR OF COLL. ACT. — Grandvel Jackson 257 Kensington Way, San Francisco, Calif. 94127 (415) 664-5850 WESTERN REGION

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ALPHA DELTA — USC — Ernest Caraway 4914 - 9th Ave., Los Angeles, California 90043 ALPHA EPSILON — UC — Ralph L. Peterson, Treasurer 9280 Coral Road, Oakland, California 94603 ALPHA IOTA — University of Cole, and University of Denver — (Inactive) ALPHA XI — University of Washington — Cornell Archie, Jr., Secretary 5616 - 3d N.W., Seattle, Washington 98107 DELTA OMICRON — Stanford University — Michael F. Lange P.O. Box 10061, Oakland, California 94610 Also: Allen G. Boyd, Recording Secretary 9760 Lawlor Street, Oakland, California 94605 GAMMA XI — UCLA — (Inactive) EPSILON BETA — Fresno State — Hubert Turney, President, Apt. 110-D 276 So. Orchard, Fresno, California 93721 EPSILON MU — San Jese State — Daryl T. Cheatham 219 Oak Park Drive, San Francisco, California ZETA THETA — Arizona State — c / o Felix L. Goodwin 941 East Seneca Street, Tucson, Arizona 85719 ETA SIGMA — San Diego Metropolitan Colleges c / o Samuel McElroy, Jr. 6531 Hopedale Court, San Diego, California 92120 ALMUNI CHAPTERS

BETA PSI LAMBDA — J. Leon Hawkins, President 9016 Burroughs Rd., Hollywood, California 90046 DELTA PSI LAMBDA — Edward R. Harrington, Secretary P.O. Box 223, Denver, Colorado 80201 DELTA TAU LAMBDA — Aaaron James — Apt. # 1 109 McKenny St., Tempo, Arizona 85281

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ETA PSI LAMBDA — Charles O. Todd, Treasurer 848 E. Grant Road, Tucson, Arizona 85719 ETA SIGMA LAMBDA — Charles Kelley 11671 Maraschine Drive, Sunnyvale, California ETA PI LAMBDA — Louis K. Harris, President 800 Seco Street, Pasadena, California 91103 EPSILON ZETA LAMBDA — Harold Gaskin, Secretary 3111 S.E. 29th Avenue, Portland, Oregon GAMMA CHI LAMBDA — Thaddeus Brown, President — Room 107 City Hall, San Francisco, California 94102 GAMMA PHI LAMBDA — Fowler D. Beckford, President 962 Arlington Avenue, Berkeley, California 94707 IOTA ZETA LAMBDA — Harvey J . Lehman, Jr., Corresponding Secretary 4145i/4 Somerset Drive, Los Angeles, Calif. 90008 THETA PI LAMBDA — Cranford Crawford P.O. Box 4012. Las Vegas, Nevada ZETA SIGMA LAMBDA — Claude M. Odem, Jr. P.O. Box 28215, Sacramento, California 95822 ZETA SIGMA LAMBDA — Samuel McElroy. Jr., President 6531 Hopedale Ct., San Diego, California 92120 ZETA PI LAMBDA — Alexander D. Hicks 7619 S.E. 37th PI., Mercer Island, Wash. 98040 IOTA MU LAMBDA — 8013 A. Alaska St., Tacoma, Washington 98408 IOTA NU LAMBDA — William H. Day, Treasurer 3654 E. Santa Ana Ave., Fresno, California 93726 IOTA OMICRON LAMBDA — James F. Pools, Treasurer Suite 214. Janitell One, Garden Valley Center Colorado Springs, Colorado 80906 Also: Leon Jenkins, President 4442 Ranch Circle, Colorado Springs, Colo. 80907 IOTA PSI LAMBDA — Major Harvey C. Phelps, Secretary 1715 Morningrise Place S.E. Albuquerque, New Mexico 87108 KAPPA ALPHA LAMBDA — John Phillips. Vice-President 22576 Veronica Drive, Salinas, California 93901 Also: Harold J . Monroe 610 Baltimore St., Hot Springs, South Dakota



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• James R. Williams, Vice-President 978 Dover Avenue, Akron. Ohio 44320 Home (216) 836-7536 — Office (216) 376-6136 Leon T. Butts, Secretary-Treasurer P.O. Box 3404, Akron, Ohio 44307

EPSILON PHI — Northern Illinois University Kenneth Lenon 230 Augusta, DeKalb, Illinois 60115 IOTA DELTA LAMBDA — Bernie Gresham, Jr., Secretary 8139 S. Merrill Avenue, Chicago, Illinois 60617 XI LAMBDA — Charles E. Johnson, Secretary 11611 South Ada, Chicago, Illinois 60615 TAU — University of Illinois S. E. Eskridge, Secretary 1012'/ 2 Main, # 2 0 2 , Champaign, Illinois ALPHA MU — Northwestern University Norman Grimes, Treasurer 1725 Orrington Avenue, Evanston, Illinois 60201 THETA — Hector Outten 7847 S. Carpenter. Chicago, Illinois 60620 THETA MU LAMBDA — (Inactive) Henry A. Boswell 994 Howlison Court, Joliet, Illinois 60433 ZETA XI LAMBDA — Theodore Harding, Treasurer 1717 Greenwood St., Evanston, Illinois 60201 EPSILON KAPPA — Bradley University Floyd Sherrod 1603 W. Main Street, Peoria, Illinois 61606 ZETA NU — Eastern Illinois University Oddie White 1403 A Street, Charleston, Illinois 61920 OMICRON LAMBDA — (Inactive) Champaign, Illinois DELTA EPSILON LAMBDA — Albert Green, Financial Secretary 3105 Virginia Place, East St. Louis, Illinois 62204 BETA ETA — Southern Illinois University Maurice Marks 401 E. College, # 2 0 , Carbondale, Illinois 62901 ETA ETA — Westren Illinois University Arnie Travis, I I I , Secretary # 5 2 0 , Thompson Hall, Macomb, Illinois 61455

GAMMA RHO — Purdue University John Jones, I I I , Secretary 132 Nimitz Drive, W. Lafayette, Indiana 47907 GAMMA RHO LAMBDA — Edward L. Morris, Secretary 645 Taft Place, Gary, Indiana 46404 THETA XI LAMBDA — (Inactive) South Bend, Indiana GAMMA ETA — Indiana University Cornell Collins, Treasurer 700 East 8th Street, Bloomington, Indiana 47401 ZETA RHO — Indiana State University Larry Lince, Secretary Gillum Hall - Room 506, Terre Haute, Ind. 47809 IOTA LAMBDA — Cramon J . Myers 404 W. 44th Street, Indianapolis, Indiana 46208 THETA UPSILON LAMBDA — (Inactive) Andrew J . Dobson, President 1825 Luther Street, Ft. Wayne, Indiana 46803

(216) 376-7519 A. Wendell Wheadon, Legal Counsel 2600 St. Louis Ave., East St. Louis, Illinois

(618) 271-7967 Stenson Broaddus, Director of Awards Chairman, Awards Committee P.O. Box 192, Herrods Creek, Kentucky - 228-1471 Tyrone Knox, Assistant Vice-President 376 Theodore Street, Akron, Ohio 44301


(216) 864-3148 Dr. Montague M. Oliver, Director of Education 1111 E. 19th Avenue, Gary, Indiana 46407 (219) 883-2922 Clifton E. Bailey, Director of Housing 3338 Aubert Avenue, St. Louis, Missouri 63115 (314) EV 2-1687 Joseph C. Gunnell, Sr. Director of Life Memberships 4729 Lexinton, St. Louis, Missouri - (314) 381-6008

ALPHA NU — Drake University — (Inactive) Des Moines, Iowa BRODERICK GRIMES — C o l . College Box 491, Cedar Rapids, Iowa 52402 ALPHA THETA — Iowa State Univ. — (Inactive) Iowa City, Iowa ZETA KAPPA LAMBDA — Eddie V. Easley, Secretary 1431 41st Place, Des Moines, Iowa 50311 STATE OF KANSAS

DELTA MU — Wichita State University Richardo L. Jordon 1309 N. Lorraine, Wichita, Kansas 67214

(Continued on page 14) 13


GAMMA CHI — Kansas State — (Inactive) Wesley Cunningham, President 606 East Quincy Street, Pittsburg, Kansas 66762 DELTA ETA LAMBDA — Wilson Thurston, President 1427 East 13th, Topeka, Kansas 66607 ETA BETA LAMBDA — E. Mukes 3828 Lavon, Wichita, Kansas 67208 EPSILON OMICRON — c / o Wilson Thurston Washburne University, Topeka, Kansas UPSILON — Kansas State David N. Chase, President 1014 Mississippi St., Lawrence, Kansas 66044


EPSILON CHI — University of Kentucky Lawson McNary 2145 Larkspur Drive, # 2 6 A , Lexington, Ky. 40504 • BETA MU — Kenutcky State College c / o Dr. Gus T. Ridgil, Advisor Frankfort, Kentucky 40601 • ALPHA LAMBDA — James B. Smith, President 7105 Greenwich Road, Louisville, Kentucky 40218 • ZETA OMICRON — Murry State William Orr, Corresponding Secretary Box 499, University Station, Murry, Ky. 42071 • GAMMA BETA LAMBDA — Dr. Gus T. Ridgil Kentucky State College, Frankfort, Ky. 40601 C ETA RHO — Western Kentucky University Ed Givens, Secretary — P.O. Box 321 College Heights, Bowling Green, Kentucky 42101 • ALPHA BETA LAMBDA — Clarence M. Vaught, President 2220 Davenport Dr., # J - 9 4 , Lexington, Ky. 40504 • GAMA EPSILON LAMBDA — Edward Snortan, Secretary 1918 Beach Street, Hopkinsville, Kentucky 42240 • ALPHA PI — University of Louisville Michael Bateman, Secretary Box 840, Louisville, Kentucky 40208


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EPSILON — University of Michigan Gregory Carr 540 South Division, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48104 EPSILON UPSILON LAMBDA — John A. Feaster, Secretary 2040 Chelon Street, Flint, Michigan 49503 GAMMA LAMBDA — George D. West 20112 Renfrew, Detroit, Michigan 48221 IOTA RHO LAMBDA — Jesse J . Walker P.O. Box 3373, Pontlac, Michigan 48053 ZETA BETA — Ferris State College Frederick Weston, Secretary Box 38, Student Center, Big Rapids, Mich. 49307 ETA NU LAMBDA — (Inactive) Grand Rapids, Michigan ALPA UPSILON — Wayne State University Robert Williams 18912 Littlefield, Detroit, Michigan 48235 EPSILON ETA — Eastern Michigan University Leonard Holmes 301 Steven Dr., # 3 0 3 , Ypsilanti, Michigan GAMMA TAU — Michigan State University Howard T. Spence, Secretary A 629 W. Fee Hall, E. Lansing, Michigan 48823 THETA ZETA LAMBDA — James G. Gaker, Secretary 916 Miner, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48103 IOTA CHI LAMBDA — John R. Diamond, Treasurer 3665 W. Diamondale Drive, Saginaw, M i c h . 48601 EPSILON XI — Western Michigan University (Inactive) — Henry J . Carter, President — Box 3 Univ. Student Center, Kalamazoo, M i c h . 49007


ZETA DELTA — Northern Michigan University Ozel Brazil 1330 Norwood, # 2 , Marquette, Michigan 49855 • IOTA PHI LAMBDA — Joseph Ward, Secretary 2341 Fifth Street, Muskegon Heights, M i c h . 49444

ETA TAU LAMBDA — Edwin Parms, Secretary P.O. Box 582, Akron, Ohio 44309 EPSILON ALPHA — c / o Robert Stubblefield 1340 W. Woodruff Street, Toledo, Ohio 43606 ALPHA XI LAMBDA — Robert Stubblefield 1340 W. Woodroff Street, Toledo, Ohio 43606 DELTA XI — Central State University Richard Shepherd 108 Broddus Hall, Wilberforce, Ohio 45384 XI — Wilberforce University Carl Hunt, Vice-President Alpha House, Wilberforce, Ohio 45384 THETA LAMBDA — Henry A. Wilson, President 1001 Rossiler Drive, Dayton, Ohio 45418 KAPPA — Ohio State University Louis Gillion, President 2130 Dresden Street, Columbus, Ohio 43211 ALPHA RHO LAMBDA — James Wright, President 2207 Lisa Drive, Columbus, Ohio 43219 ALPHA ALPHA — University of Cincinnati Steve Lowe, President 2930 Scioto St., Cincinnati, Ohio 45219 (513) 475-2975 DELTA UPSILON — Miami University Anthony Lockhart Oxford, Ohio 45056 DELTA GAMMA LAMBDA — Elvin Turner 5932 Sunridge Dr., Cincinnati, Ohio 45224


MU — University of Minnesota — (Inactive) Minneapolis, Minnesota GAMMA XI LAMBDA Robert M. Patterson, Treasurer 962 W. Central Avenue, St. Paul, Minnesota 55104


EPSILON PSI — University of Missouri at Rolla Gary D. Thurman, Corresponding Secretary Highway 63 & Elm Street, Rolla, Missouri 65401 EPSILON LAMBDA — A. C. Roy, Jr., Secretary 4226 W. Easton Avenue, St. Louis, Missouri 63113 ZETA ALPHA — University of Missouri Melvin L. Harnsherry, Secretary 217 W. Broadway, # D - 7 , Columbus, Mo. 65201 BETA ZETA LAMBDA — George W. Enlow, Treasurer 813B Locust St., Jefferson City, Missouri 65101 BETA LAMBDA — Curtis Rodgers, Secretary 4700 E. 53rd Street, Kansas City, Missouri 64130 ALPHA ETA — Walter Dixon 5215 Lolus, St. Louis, Missouri 63113 EPSILON ETA LAMBDA — Fred Gordon 607 Kimes Street, Charleston, Missouri 63834 ALPHA PSI — Lincoln University Raymond Harper, Secretary 108 Foster Hall, Jefferson City, Missouri 65101 ZETA GAMMA — Central Missouri State College Willie Glenn, Jr., Secretary 206 Hawkins Apartments, Warrensburg, Mo. 64093 DELTA RHO — Univ. of Missouri at Kansas City William Barker 4337 College, Kansas City, Missouri 64130



BETA XI LAMBDA — Thomas A. Phillips 5012 Ruggles Street, Omaha, Nebraska 68104 BETA BETA — University of Nebraska Lincoln, Nebraska



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ALPHA TAU — University of Akron Michael Hughes 806 Euclid Avenue, Akron, Ohio 44307 EPSILON DELTA — Kent State University Steven Binns, Treasurer 1054 Lake Street, Kent, Ohio 44340 DELTA ALPHA LAMBDA — Louie Evans 161 Emerson Drive, Berea, Ohio 44017 BETA RHO LAMBDA — (Inactive) Youngstown, Ohio EPSILON THETA — Bowling Green University Charles Simpson, Jr., Secretary 130 S. Prospect St., Bowling Green, Ohio 43402 GAMMA THETA — University of Dayton Clarence Dawson, Treasurer 867-CS Gettsburg Avenue, Dayton, Ohio CHI LAMBDA — T. E. Kelley, Secretary P.O. Box 132, Wilberforce, Ohio 45384 ZETA DELTA LAMBDA — Maurice Reed, Secretary 3875 Jamestown Road, Springfield, Ohio 45502 PHI — Ohio University Jerry Bailey, President 43 Conestoge Trailer Ct., Athens, Ohio 45701 PI — Cleveland State Western Reserve Raymond L. Adams 1615 Magnolia Dr., # 4 0 1 , Cleveland, Ohio 44106

BETA THETA — Bluefield State College Aaron Hough, Secretary 113 Wilson Street, Bluefield, W.Va. 24701 ALPHA ZETA LAMBDA — Joseph I. Turner, Secretary P.O. Box 671, Keystone, W.Va. 24852 ALPHA ZETA — West Virginia State College Thomas Madison P.O. Box 9, Institute, W.Va. 25112 ALPHA IOTA LAMBDA — John E. Scott, Secretary P.O. Box 303, Institute, W.Va. 25112 GAMMA DELTA LAMBDA — (Inactive) Beckley, W.Va.

ETA BETA — Wisconsin State at Platteville c / o Hoyt Harper 5344 64th Street, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53218 ZETA IOTA — Wisconsin State University James McNeely, President 178 Fraternity Lane, Whitewater, Wisconsin 53190 EPSILON TAU — Univ. of Wiscosin at Milwaukee Albert Thomas, Jr., President 1412 W. Locust, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53206 GAMMA EPSILON — University of Wisconsin Ronald Wlliiams, President 1850 Beld St., # C 1 3 1 , Madison, Wisconsin 53713 DELTA CHI LAMBDA — Carl Birks, President 4238 North 21st Street, Milwaukee, Wisconsin


Southern and Eastern Region Directories Were Not Available For Publication Editor

BLACK JUDGE IN A L A B A M A . . . Brother Peter Hall REGIONAL CONVENTIONS Except for the Eastern Regional Convention which takes place April 28-30 in New Haven, Connecticut — headquarters at the Sheraton Park Plaza, the 1972 Regional Conventions have been successfully concluded. The Western Regional was held at the Ramada Inn, Phoenix, Arizona under the able leadership of Brother Thadeaus H. Hobbs, the Vice President and was well attended. The honored guest and speaker for the banquet was the renown HUGH DOWNS formerly of the "TODAY" television show, supported by our General President — Brother Ernest N. Morial. The Convention (Denver 1972) Committee met during the Convention with Brother Harrison Hudson and his stalwarts. The Southwestern Regional was well attended at Lafayette, Louisiana under the capable leadership of Brother Ozell Sutton. We regret losing Brother Sutton to the Southern Region as he leaves Little Rock, Arkansas to take up his new post with the Justice Department of the United States in Atlanta, Georgia. His successor will be Brother Robert M. King of Waco, Texas, and the newly elected Assistant Vice President will be Brother Brace B. Godfrey of Southern University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana. The Southern Regional was well attended and directed by that over-powering Vice President — Brother Bennie J. Harris. Brother Harris, of course, remains in office for another term of two years. The newly elected Assistant Southern Vice President is Brother Leonard Cortez Johnson, of Buffalo, New York, but who is matriculated at Johnson C. Smith University, Charlotte, North Carolina. The General President regrets that he was not able to attend either the Southern, or the Southwestern Regionals due to the illness of his wife. The Midwestern Regional was exceptionally noteworthy and well attended also, — directed by the Midwestern Vice President, Brother James R. Williams, who also returns to office for another term of two years. Brother George W. Durden who is matriculating at the University of Akron, was duly elected Assistant Midwestern Vice President. The Banquet Speaker was our General President. It is to be noted that the nominees for General President — Brothers W. Decker Clarke, and Walter Washington were in attendance at all the Regionals, imparting words of wisdom to the assemblage. OFFICIAL A P A PINS Notice is hereby given of the increase in the cost of the official fraternity pin — due to the increase in the cost of gold — the basic pin (7 pearls) is now $12.25 — the Crown Set (5 pearls and two Onyx) is now $13.75. So, add one dollar to future remittance covering initiations. BALLOTS Of course, all active (1972) Brothers have received ballots by this time for the election of a General President. They were mailed from the General Office April 5th. Should you fail to receive a ballot, inform the General Office and a duplicate one will be mailed to you. 66th ANNIVERSARY CONVENTION Under a separate mailing, you will receive General Convention announcements for the 66th Anniversary Convention to be held in Denver, Colorado, July 9 - 15, 1972 with Headquarters at the Denver-Hilton Hotel. You will note also the brochure enclosed for a post-convention trip to Hawaii, the Honolulu Basic Tour, or the Extension Optional to Outer Islands. The Registration Fee is $33.00, but if received in the General Office by or before June 15th, thereafter $2.00 is to be added. Why not Pre-Register and take advantage of the advance registration rate? —Laurence T. Young, Executive Secretary

The Honorable Judge Brother Peter Hall, became the first Black Judge ever to serve on the judiciary of the City of Birmingham of the State of Alabama in the entire history of the city or state. (Appointed in January, 1972.)

Alpha Eta Lambda Brothers from various parts of Texas came together for a Convention-Texas style, February 25 and 26. The purpose of the convention was to increase communication between chapters in Texas. Alpha Eta Lambda and Eta Mu, chapters of Houston hosted the affair, which drew attendance of brothers from North Texas State, University of Texas, at El Paso and Texas Southern University. Workshops were conducted in leadership, scholarship, and brotherhood, with brothers speaking on the various topics. A march-down was conducted with North Texas State University, of Denton Texas taking the honors. Brothers involved in the convention agreed it was another successful Alpha function. March 21, a Greek show was given at the University of Houston, Delta Theta and Eta Mu chapters both of Houston combined their talents to put on a show that was out-of-sight. 15

66th ANNIVERSARY GENERAL CONVENTION Tentative Program A l p h a Phi A l p h a Fraternity, Incorporated DENVER — HILTON HOTEL


APRIL 9-15, 1972

Theme: "Continuing to Eliminate the Ghettos in the Seventies" HOST CHAPTERS: Delta Psi Lambda, Denver Iota Omicron Lambda, Colorado Springs Pre-Convention Activities Saturday, July 8, 1972 11:00 A.M. Board of Directors Meeting 1:00 P.M. Board of Directors Luncheon-Meeting 3:00 P.M. Building Foundation 8:30 P.M. Reception Sunday, July 9, 1972 9:00 A.M. Registration & Information (Daily) Executive Secretary Office Finance Office Press Office Convention Clerical Staff Director of Conventions Exhibits (Equal Opportunity Committee) 9:00 A.M. Gold Tournament — Applewood Golf Course 10:00 A.M. Hospitality Centers (Daily) Alpha Brothers Women Children Religious Service — Local Churches 1:00 P.M. Committee Meetings: Rules and Credentials Constitution and By-Laws Budget and Finance Election Commission Standards and Extension Committee on Publications Awards and Achievements Personnel 5:00 P.M. Public Program 9-11:00 P.M. Welcome Soiree' (hosts, Local Alpha Wives) Monday, July 10, 1972 8:00 A.M. - 3:00 P.M. Ladies Hospitality Center (Daily) 9:00 A.M. Registration and Information Job Interviews and Recruitment (Daily) 16

CHAIRMEN: Brothers Harrison Hudson and Harry T. Waters Brother Kermit J. Hall, Director of Conventions 10:00 A.M. — FIRST BUSINESS SESSION (Reports — Board of Directors, Vice Presidents and Assistant Vice Presidents) 10:00 A.M. Women and Children's Tours (Fee) Colorado Springs, U.S. Air Force Academy, Pikes Peak, Garden of the Gods Swimming Daily — Hotel Pool 12:15 P.M. — KEYNOTE LUNCHEON 1:00 P.M. Pre-Teens—Movies Teens — Splash Party Women — Downtown Shopping 2:00 P.M. Committee Meetings Equal Opportunities Constitution and By-Laws Budget and Finance Election Commission (Other Committees by Assignment) 8:00 -10:00 P.M. Pre-Teen Social (Hospitality Room) 8:30-11:00 P.M. Teen Frolic 8:00 P.M. Bait - A - Date Reception 10:00 P.M. - 2:00 A.M. Inter-Greek Dance Tuesday, July 11, 1972 8:00 A.M. Coffee Hour (Sponsored) 9:00 A.M. Registration and Information 9:00 A . M . - 5 : 0 0 P.M. Job Interviews, Recruitment (Daily — open to public) Second B 9:30 A.M. — SECOND BUSINESS SESSION 10:00 A.M. Tour, Red Rocks, Buffalo Bill's Grave & Museum, Catholic Shrine, Wood Carving House (Fee) 12:00 Noon Equal Opportunities Luncheon 1:30 P.M. Bridge — Whist Tournament (Ladies) (Continued on page 17)

66th ANNIVERSARY GENERAL CONVENTION Tentative Program (Continued from page 16)

Denver — Hilton Hotel Convention Headquarters

3:00 P.M. Ladies Day at the Races, Centennial Race Track Job Interviews and Recruitment 7:30 P.M. Alpha Night at the Dog Track (Fee) Wednesday, July 12, 1972 8:00 A.M. Life Members Breakfast (Fee) 8:00 A.M. Coffee Hour 9:00 A.M. Registration and Information 9:30 A.M. Ecumenical and Memorial Services 10:30 A.M. — THIRD BUSINESS SESSION 10:30 A.M. City Tour (Fee) 11:00 A.M. Swimming — Children 11:30 A.M. Workshop — PROJECT DEVELOPMENT — Education Foundation 12:00 Noon College Brothers Lunch (Fee) 12:30 P.M. Ladies Luncheon and Fashion Show 12:45 P.M. Polls Open for Voting 2:00 P.M. Plenary Session and Symposium "Elimination of the Ghetto: Continuing Goals for the Seventies"

3:30 P.M. — FOURTH BUSINESS SESSION 6:30 P.M. Dinner, Country Playhouse Dinner and Broadway Stage Production 10:00 P.M.-1:00 A.M. Festival Africana (Afro-Nite) Exhibits: Authentic Artifacts Black Art and Figures Entertainment: African Music, Afro Fashion, African Dancers Recommended Attire: Lopas, Dashikis, Turban or Casual 1:30 A.M. Western Region Breakfast (Western Region — Host) Thursday, July 13, 1972 9:00 A.M. Registration and Information 8:00 A.M. Founders Day Breakfast 9:30 A.M. — FIFTH BUSINESS SESSION 10:00 A.M. Walking Tour U.S. Mint, State Capitol, Denver Art Museum, Civic Center, State Museum Swimming Daily for Adults 10:30 A.M. Seminars "Alpha Outreach" Education Foundation 12:00 Noon Fraternal Luncheon 1:00 P.M. Movie, Downtown (Fee) 2:00 P.M. — FINAL BUSINESS SESSION 6:00 P.M. Buffet Supper Teens and Pre-Teens 6:00 P.M. Alpha Cocktail Hour 7:30 P.M. Alpha Formal Banquet 8:00 -10:30 P.M. Pre-Teen Dance (Hospitality) 8:30-11:00 P.M. Teen-Age Hop 10:30 P.M.-2:00 A.M. After Dinner Dance Friday, July 14, 1972 9:00 A.M. Board of Directors Meeting 10:00 A.M. Building Foundation Meeting 12:00 Noon Educational Foundation Meeting Saturday, July 15, 1972 Post-Convention. Tour Hawaii


MATCH THIS . . . DENVER IN 1972 MONUMENT TO MADNESS by Hodari Kinamo The Man — says that he is just another nigger with a funky natural and bell bottom pants. But the man is not dressed up in his blackness, nor does he carry it lightly in the palm of his hand. For The Man, Dellums does not flaunt his Blackness; he follows it into the room. On Sunday, August 1, 1971 at Saint Boniface Catholic Church in Milwaukee, Ronald Dellums, a Brother in Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc. spoke to a crowd who in all probability came to see Muhammad A 1 i. Nonetheless, they saw a champion of the people. The newly elected Congressman from California spoke on the continuing theme of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraterni- ; ty's 65th Anniversary Convention; "Elimination of the Ghetto Continuing Goal of the 70's." In keeping with the theme and his own personal commitment to the people, Dellums attacked the so-called leaders of this country and their lack of concern for human misery. Human misery must be eliminated both here and aboard. To do so the poor and Black in particular must play a greater role in politics. They must change and redirect the values to which the power of politics is addressed. Rather than constantly allowing themselves to be co-opted in such a manner that whenever a personnel change is made in government, the power is only shifted to another individual with the same values. Dellums spoke of Washington politicians as Plastic People with Plastic Ideas that give rise to Plastic Values. Herein lies the greatest contradiction; the contradiction of values and priorities. Taking for example the concept of Elitism which gives rise to certain benefits that are alleged to be accrued along with ones station in life. In emphasizing his point, Dellums referred to his SUPERNIGGER CARD that allows him to receive free medical and dental care — as a Congressman. On the floor of Congress there arose a debate over free health care for those who needed it. One of Dellum's opponents spoke out against this labeling it "creeping socialism." At this point Dellum shut him down by asking him if he had ever been to the House Physician or to Walter Reed Hospital. There are contradictions and priorities designed to pit one deprived group against another, especially when a government program is involved. The names change, but the game's the same. While human misery continues as always and many are forced to go without the basics, the government spends billions exploring the moon in the name of science and necessity and loans millions of dollars to private corporations calling it subsidy. As an active member of the Black Caucus, Congressman Dellum admitted that the personal differences among the 18


Instructor in Dental Anatomy, Department of Radiology, Northeastern University, Boston, Mass. (1969-71). Orthodontist, City of Boston, Health and Hospitals department, Whittier Street Clinic, 1969-1971; Committee Member, Area 627 and Board Member, Health Planning Council for greater Boston, 1971- , Chairman, Health Committee, Boston Branch, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, (1972- ). Post doctoral research fellow (orthodontics) 1968-70; Special research fellowship (oral Pharmacology) from the National Institutes of Health, Public Health Service 1970-71. Member of Black Faculty Caucus, Boston University. (1971 -). Member Black student recruitment committee, Boston University Medical Center. Memberships held: National Dental Association Commonwealth Dental Society American Dental Association Massachusetts Dental Society American Association of Orthodontics Northeastern Society of Orthodontics International Association Dental Research American Society of Dentistry for Children American Anesthesiology Association Society of the Upper Tenth Omicron Kappa Upsilon Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Incorp. (Sigma Lambda Chapter) National Guardsmen Incorporated Metro Golf Club NAACP. Deacon, Eliot Congregational Church, Roxburg, Mass. Dr. Bryant is married to the former Patricia Bright of St. Petersburg, Florida, and they have six children.

members of this recently formed coalition are as varied as the Congress at large. However, they are knowledgeable of the mechanism that runs the State and they have the potential of power plus the ability to institute a change in commitments and priorities heretofore unchallenged. To institute such a change you ". . . must start where the people are, not where they ought to be." So . . . who will be the dynamic speaker at the 66th General Convention? Will he out-Dellum Brother Dellum? We'll see ! ! Submitted by: Hodari Kinamo Beta Psi Lambda Chapter



JULY 9-15, 1972 Convention Chairman . . .

Convention Committee . . .

Brothers seated around the table (left to right): George Hailey, Jay Taylor, Harold Brown, Sr., Laurence R. Ogletree, Ottawa Harris, Harrison Hudson, Charles Bright, Harry T. Waters. Standing (left to right): Delmar Reese, Walter Lumpkins, Melvin Norton, Travis Thrower, Ellis Richardson, William L. Guidry, Galloway Denny, Leon O. Lewis, Arthur Durst, Anthony Johnson, W. D. Combs and Joseph Anderson. Brother Harrison Hudson, Local Convention Chairman and Mr. "Alpha" of the Western Region, reviews progress report of the Committee and announced that the 66th Anniversary General Convention will be the best in the History of the Fraternity.

Brothers of Delta Psi Lambda are busy checking over details tor the Mile High Invitational Golf Tournament to be held July 10 during the Alpha Phi Alpha General Convention. All applications and reservations for the Golf Tournament must be addressed to Brother Leon Lewis, 3395 South Clinton Court, Denver, Colorado 80231. "This appears to be one of the unique attractions for this General Convention, according to the pre-convention interest that is shown in this activity," stated Harrison Hudson, Local Convention General Chairman. On the picture (from left to right) are Brothers: Laurence R. Ogletree, President, Delta Phi Lambda Chapter; Harry T. Waters, Co-Chairman, Local Convention Committee; Leon Lewis, Chairman, Mile High Alpha Invitational Golf Tournament; and Harrison Hudson, General Chairman, Local Convention Committee.

Alpha Wives . . .

Delta Psi Lambda Wives of Denver, Colorado, are seen discussing details for the Gala Welcome Soiree' tor wives and children at the Alpha Phi Alpha 66th General Convention in Denver, Colorado, July 9-15, 1971. Alpha Wives in the picture: (seated, left to right) Mrs. Ester Nelson, Convention Chairman; Mrs. Audrey Ogletree, President Alpha Wives; (standing, left to right) Mrs. Elizabeth Fuller, Committee Member; Mrs. Erma West, Treasurer; Mrs. Mary Hailey, Vice President of Alpha Wives, and Mrs. Louise Taylor, Corresponding Secretary.

(Continued on page 20) 19

DENVER ALPHAS (Continued from page 19) Brother Harrison Hudson, "Mr. Alpha Man of the Western Region" and Local Chairman of the General Convention Committee, addresses Brothers of Delta Psi Lambda and their wives at the Founders' Banquet. A large group of Brothers and their wives were told their responsibilities and challenge in serving as host to the 66th General Convention of Alpha Phi Alpha, July 9-15. Brother Hudson was selected "Alpha Man of the Year" at the Western Regional Meeting of Alpha Phi Alpha held in Phoenix, Arizona, March 23-25, 1972. Besides serving as General Chairman for the General Convention to be held in Denver, Colorado, Brother Hudson has been active in the following community activities: Volunteer Probation Counselor for District Court Block Worker for Northeast Park Hill Community Sickle Cell Anemia Representative Board Member of Park Hill Action Committee TV Panelist for Religious Seminar, Council of Churches TV Panelist for Public School Issues of Denver, Colorado Member of High School Committee for Bio-Medical Program for Minorities Health Career Judge, Miss Colorado 1971 Beauty Contest "I believe civic involvement in changing majority attitudes toward minority people can be beneficial in creating and maintaining a spirit of cooperation and understanding," stated Brother Hudson when asked why he was involved in so many activities. The Convention Committee made their reports and plans for the Convention. The following Brothers are serving on the Local Committee: General Chairman — Harrison Hudson Co-Chairman — Harry Waters President — Laurence R. Ogletree Registration Committee — Ottawa W. Harris, Chairman; Dewey Sanderson Public Program — Elvin R. Caldwell, Chairman; Gilbert Alexander, Lester Nelson Publicity and Promotion — W. D. Combs, Chairman; Tiltord Cole, Leslie J. Berry, Jr. Hospitality — Harold J. Green, Chairman; Joseph Anderson, Howard Bean, Thomas Conage, Aubrey A. Lewis Entertainment — Joe W. Lawrence, Jr., Chairman; Frank C. King, Jr., Edgar R. Smith Receptions — Ellis Richardson, Chairman; Rufus A. Johnson, Roland Seward Liaison Committee — William A. Walters, Chairman; Donald Wilson, Lawrence H. Holmes Inter-Greek Activities — George Hailey, Chairman; Joe Anderson, Donald Wilson, Leon Jenkins Golf Tournament — Leon Lewis, Chairman; Gilbert Cruter, Arthur Durst, Jr., Jay N. Taylor Tours and Transportation — Charles H. Bright, Chairman; Jerome C. Rose, Donald Wilson Seminars and Workshops — Travis Thrower, Chairman; Melvin Norton, Judson Hart, Harold R. Scott Job Interviews and Recruitment — Galloway Denny, Chairman; Ned Collins, Wm. J. Porter, Wm. Hatchett, Jr., Ottawa W. Harris, Harlan V. Porter, J. Henry Jenkins, Sr. College Brothers Activities — Wm. L. Guidry, Chairman; Anthony Martin, Delmar Reese, Charles Robinson, Elvin Caldwell, Jr., Phillip Mallary Printing and Convention Signs — Melvin Morton, Chairman; Ralph George, Anthony Martin, Wm. Fuller Alpha Formal Banquet — Earl West, Chairman; Edward R. Harrington, W. D. Combs Music — Thomas L. Simmons, Chairman; Edward R. Harrington


Meet. . . BROTHER JAMES HENRY, SR. Mayor of Xenia, Ohio Brother James Thurman Henry, Sr., Mayor of the City of Xenia, Ohio, Professor of Geography and Chairman of Earth Sciences at Central State University, City Commissioner and Lecturer, has gained prominence as an educator, lecturer and public servant of all the citizens of his community. Brother Henry is characterized by those who know him as a man of the highest level of integrity, respected in all areas of endeavor and exercises wisdom, courage and leadership. Brother Henry, a Life Member of Alpha Phi Alpha, was elected the first Negro City Commissioner of the City of Xenia in 1952, and was subsequently re-elected to four-year terms in 1957, 1961 and 1965. In 1965, he was re-elected to a five-year term. He also served as president of the city commission in 1963 and 1964, after serving as vice president from 1957-1961; he was re-elected vice president in 1968. Brother Henry was named the first Black Mayor of Xenia in 1969, and was subsequently named Mayor of Xenia in 1970, 1971 and again in 1972. Complementing his accomplishments as a leader, Brother Henry is presently chairman of the Greene County Mayors, Managers, County Commissioners and Trustees Association. Born in St. Louis, Missouri, Brother Henry took his training in undergraduate studies at the University of Illinois where he earned the B. S. degree in 1933, majoring in geography. He also did advanced studies at the University of Illinois where he earned the M.S. degree majoring in geography and minoring in education. He was president of the senior class of Vashon High, in St. Louis, graduating in 1929. He was also president of the debating society and associate editor of the Vashon Herald. Brother Henry joined the faculty of Central State University as an assistant professor in 1935; was promoted to associate professor in 1947, and became full professor in 1970. He has held numerous visiting professorships including those at Alabama State University in Montgomery, Morgan State College and Florida A & M University. Brother Henry's links with the business and industrial community includes an association with the Inland Manufacturing Company, G.M.C., Dayton, Ohio, 1944-52, and with St. Elizabeth's Hospital, Dayton, 1952-53. He has served as Personnel Management Consultant, Newark, Ohio Air Force Station, and in the Equal Opportunity Program, 1967. In May, 1964, Brother Henry was chosen by the Honor Society of Central State University as "Professor of the Year." "The vote of student confident is and was a source of great satisfaction," Brother Henry said. Brother Henry was also the recipient of the first Central State University Alumni Award of $500.00 for distinguished teaching in June 1970. (Continued on page 21)



BROTHER JAMES R. FORD, Mayor of Tallahassee, Florida DATE OF BIRTH: — December 1, 1925, Leon County, Florida MARITAL STATUS: — Married, 3 children, Son (1) Daughters (2) RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION: — Catholic EDUCATION: — Lincoln High School (Leon County) B.S. — Florida A & M University (1950) M. Ed. — Florida A & M University (1959) Further study — University of Missouri (1969) TEACHER CERTIFICATION DATA: — Rank II

Elementary and Secondary Administration Secondary Electrical General Science Graphic Arts Transportation Vocational Industrial Radio, T.V. Electrical PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE: — 1970

Mayor of Xenia, Ohio (Continued from page 20) He was a Ford Foundation Fellow at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor during the summer of 1966 in a sevenweek seminar on Far Eastern Studies. He is a member of the Ohio Academy of Science, the American Association of University Professors, the Association of American Geographers, the American Association for the Advancement of Science and the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History. Brother Henry has been very active in other academic activities other than that of an outstanding teacher and lecturer. He was the former chairman of the Committee of Self-Study and currently a member of a sub-committee on North Central Standards. He has been Chairman and a member of the Committee on Faculty Status, and currently a member of Faculty Welfare Committee of the University Senate. He is also a member of the Arts College Committee on Long Range Goals of the University. Numerous other honors and citations have come to Brother Henry. He is listed in Who's Who in the Midwest, 1954, 1956; Who's Who in American Education, 1957, 1959, and 1960; the Directory of American Scholars, 1951; American Men of Science, ninth edition; Who's Who in Education, 196768; and in American Men of Science; the behavioral and social sciences, 1968. He is listed in the 7th Edition of The Dictionary of International Biography in the Melrose Press, London, Ltd. He is listed in the 1971 Biography of Outstanding Educators recently published and released by the Outstanding Educators of America, 154 East Erie St., Chicago, Illinois 60611. Brother Henry has furthermore instilled a legacy of scholarship and community participation in a family which does him credit. Married to the former Vivian Snell of Champaign, Illinois, Professor Henry is the father of 12 children. James T. Henry, Jr. and Katherin Henry May are teaching in the Milwaukee Public Schools. Barbara, a business administration alumna of Central State University is now a Danforth Fellow at the University of Cincinnati; Geraldine Henry Richman, College; a former director of COPE, has accepted a position as special assistant to the president and director of resource development at the University of Cincinnati.

1968-1970 1967-1968

1960-1967 1952-1960 1951-1952 1950-1951 * This is in the U.S. Navy,

Assistant Principal — Leon High School (Leon County) Coordinator of Audio-Visual Instruction (Leon School District) Principal — Concord Elementary School and Barrow Hill Elementary School (Leon County) Principal — Concord Elementary School (Leon County) Vocational Instructor, Lincoln High School (Leon County) * Military Duty, U.S. Army — Attained rank of 1st Lieutenant AAA Vocational Instructor, Lincoln High School (Leon County) addition to two (2) years military duty in 1944-1946.

PROFESSIONAL ORGANIZATIONS: — 1. American Vocational Association 2. Florida Vocational Association 3. National Education Association 4. Florida Education Association 5. Leon Education Association 6. Association of Childhood Education 7. Florida Association of Supervision and Curriculum Development OTHER ORGANIZATIONS: — 1. Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity 2. Tallahassee Citizens Club 3. Tallahassee Chamber of Commerce 4. Tallahassee Urban League ACHIEVEMENTS: — Elected Tallahassee's first "Black" City Commissioner (1971- ) Past Commander of Sneed Franklin American Leagion Post (former position) Member Governor's Council on Criminal Justice (1971- ) Listing: Leaders of American Elementary and Education (1971 edition)



PROGRESS IN LOS ANGELES HIGH SCHOOL Brother Thadeaus Hobbs, Western Vice President, is the Principal

Western Vice President

Hobbs pictured

with Undersecretary

the Navy James Johnson (left) who inspected


the Jr. NROTC

Unit during a special trip to the Los Angeles area. In the center is Mr. Darrell Dean, Chairman of the Locke High School Advisory



Beta Theta Lambda Chapter

Tucson, Arizona

Durham, North Carolina

Bro. Richard Davis, first President of Zeta Theta and one of the founders of the chapter in 1968 will graduate from the University of Arizona Law School in May. Bro. Davis was a recipient of a Martin Luther King Fellowship, which enabled him to pursue his studies. He is the youngest Brother in Eta Psi Lambda. Bro. Morgan Maxwell, Sr. an Alpha of many years recently retired as Principal of Spring Junior High, Tucson after more than 30 years in the Tucson School System. Brother Maxwell is being honored by the city and the school district. A new school presently under construction is being given his name. This will be the first school named for a Black man since the schools were integrated in this city. At the time the schools were integrated, the Black school was renamed. Bro. Felix L. Goodwin, Assistant to the President, University of Arizona was named by the Governor to serve as a member of the Arizona Bicentennial Commission. 22


Western Vice President Thadeaus Hobbs presenting the School Flag to the Color Bearer during the commissioning ceremonies of Locke High School Jr. NROTC Unit, the first all-Black unit (NROTC) west of the Mississippi River, and the first NROTC Unit in the 49 High School Los Angeles Unified District. The NROTC Unit was featured in the February, 1972, edition of Navy Recruiter, national navy publication.

Bro. Marshall Franks, President of Eta Psi Lambda, has planned an ambitious program for growth this year. Bro. Frank is an instructor at Pima Junior College here in Tucson. ZETA THETA Bro. Sherrod Morgan has been selected to attend the University of Arizona Medical School starting the term of September 1972. Bro. Morgan is the only Black selected for attendance. The Medical school selected only 64 attendees from several thousand applications. Zeta Theta co-sponsored Mattie Green for homecoming queen and she was elected as the first Black homecoming queen in the history of the University.. Two members of Zeta Theta ran for Student Government offices. Bro. Ronald Randolph for President and Bro. Burness Starkes for Vice President. Bro. Starkes was defeated by less than 300 votes. This campus of more than 26,000 students is becoming aware that Alpha Phi Alpha is on campus and plans to become involved in student activities.

Brother Noah H. Bennett, Vice-President and Actuary of the North Carolina Mutual Life Insurance Company, was named Chairman of the Congressional Action Committee of the Durham Chamber of Commerce. This committee is charged with insuring representation of the Chamber Membership's viewpoint in important national legislative issues. Both Eta Psi Lambda and Zeta Theta are supporting the movement of Black troops at Fort Hauchuca to have a statue erected there honoring Black Servicemen. Fort Huachuca has served as home at various times for the all Black 9th Cavalry Regiment, 10th Cavalry Regiment, 24th Infantry Regiment, 25th Infantry Regiment, 93rd Infantry Divison and 92nd Infantry Division. Fort Huachuca has recently been designated by the Department of the Army as the permanent home for the colors of the 93rd Division. Felix L. Goodwin Editor to the Sphinx

Plight of Grads

Brother Larry L Ervin


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Dear Brother Morial: The plight of College Chapters, the relation between College and Alumni Brothers, and the transitional period between College and Alumni status deserves our undivided attention. Though Alpha Phi Alpha can exist without significant recruitment on the college level, it can not long exist. The very fact that Alpha has depended on the influx of college graduates into the mainstream of fraternal activity to survive is adequate proof that the national organization is not an independent structure. If Alpha Phi Alpha is to continue to exist we must take affirmative action to provide not only a pleasant image of the fraternity but a healthy organization. College chapters everywhere are experiencing the same difficulties in maintaining the kind of campus organizations deemed feasible by the national organization. New emphasis on blackness, emphasizing and enforcement of constructive (in the sense of being better than brutality) non-violent pledge procedures, and lack of academic competence head the list of day-to-day strifes being encountered. College Chapters, in an attempt to acquire relevance to the Black commuity, have sought new avenues of expression. While the end purpose of such endeavors is quite worthy, the means of the achievement require the expertise and guidance of more experienced Brothers. All too frequently the national organization prescribes what can and cannot be done by the College Brothers; it outlaws principles that had been adhered to for decades. Yet, it provides no vehicle for transferring from one mode of behavior to another (the pledge proceedings is a typical example of such an action). Today, with the "liberation" in education, we find a much poorer quality of work being done by students. And thus, we have a much poorer quality of students. However, College Chapters are expected to maintain their status and remain constant while the world around them is constantly in motion. I am by no means advocating lowering our academic standards. Yet, I recognize grave inequities in what we demand and what facilities College Brothers have with which to work. These inequities have led to men without all the qualifications for membership becoming members of our organization and if in a cycle they perpetuate an inferior quality of brotherhood and inefficiency at promoting our fraternity's ideas and ideals once they are members. Who, then, is to blame? Certainly not the Brothers who are struggling to have a College Chapter, not the national organization for its relentless efforts to maintain a decent standard, and indeed not the Brother who may not be in possession of all the qualifications for membership, yet provides an honest effort to do his best, who then? I think this problem should be one of the chief concerns of our administrative executives. This is not, however, a problem that can be solved by long hours in a smoke-filled executive chamber, nor by lengthy field-work alone. It must be a combination of these two types of brow-beating. For only with the two can we really have an informed workable solution to our problem. I am sure that since time immortal there has existed a friction between the College Brother and Chapter and the Alumni Brother and Chapter. We cannot continue to co-exist, Brothers in name only. We cannot continue to stereotype one another simply because of classification. Alumni and College Brothers are both guilty. What we fail to understand is that we are sometimes both working for the same end. It is just a matter of how we want to achieve it. While the majority of Alumni Brothers are more moderate and the College Brothers, more radical we should certainly learn from each other rather than remaining at a stalemate because of conflicting approaches. Alumni Brothers dismiss the whelms of College Brothers sometimes because they are considered young and inexperienced; this is wrong. Former General President Newsome often refers to the times he was turned down as a College Brother; he did not give up, yet, everyone is not of that same determination. College Brothers are quite frequently ill-equipped to present their plans for innovative change. This problem should receive top consideration and diligent work by College Brother. However, Alumni Brothers must be cognizant of the fact that College Brothers lack the overall experience and general know-how that is required for eloquent presentation of such proposals. College Brothers must be given a helping hand. (Continued on page 24)

and College Brothers


March 15, 1972


Brother Ernest N. Morial, Pres. Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc. Civic Center, 421 Loyola Avenue New Orleans, La.

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Brother "Chuck" Stone Charges Bias In Testing Service

Brother "Chuck" Stone

Brother C. Sumner (Chuck) Stone, declaring that the Educational Testing Service (ETS) is dedicated to producing tests which can only "predict that Black students already have a lousy education," has resigned as director of the organization's minority affairs division. Brother Stone, who served as an aide to the late New York Rep. Adam Clayton Powell, said in a JET interview that the testing service's tests do not have the same "predictive accuracy" for Blacks and other minority-group members as they do for whites. He defined "predictive accuracy" as a test's ability to predict how a candidate will perform in a given academic or employment situation. "A kid that scores 400 on a Scholastic Aptitude Test can do college work," Stone said. "But most colleges have a 600 cutting score, and that cutting score would eliminate 98 percent of Black high school students from the nation's colleges." Brother Stone said he tried to get ETS to establish a "test-wiseness" program for minority students. Such a program, he said, would have helped minority students become attuned to taking the lengthy aptitude exams.


Brother Julian C. Brown Receives Alpha Achievement Award for 1972 Brother Julian C. Brown is a recent recipient of the Alpha Achievement Award presented by Psi Lambda Chapter, Chattanooga, Tennessee. Brother Brown is a life member of Alpha, and has served three times as Psi Lambda's President. A native Tennessean, Brother Brown was born in Memphis and educated in the Chattanooga Public School System. He received his B.A. Degree from Morehouse College in 1930, and attended the University of Cincinnati and Atlanta University, where he received his Master of Education Degree in 1945. He has also attended New York and Columbia Universities. Brother Brown has been employed with the Chattanooga Public School System since 1936. He has served in five schools as a teacher and as principal of four schools. He is an active leader in the field of education: a former President of the East Tennessee Teachers Association, former Treasurer of the Chattanooga Teachers Assocation, and a member of other local, regional, state, and national education organizations. He became the first Black to serve on the Pension Committee of the Chattanooga Local Retirement System. He is also a member of Phi Delta Kappa Professional Education Fraternity.

Clairol Promotes Brother Wright

Brother Ben Wright

Brother Benjamin (Ben) Wright, longtime advertising executive, has been promoted to affirmative action officer for Clairol Co., it was announced in New York City recently. This is an extension of Brother Wright's duties as marketing development manager and broadens his area of operation to one that touches on the entire management of Clairol Co., a division of Bristol-Myers. Brother Wright, who is presently workin toward a doctorate in economics at the State University of New York, was recently a recipient of a Recognition Award, along with Rep. Shirley Chisholm (D., N.Y.), presented by the Media Workshop for his efforts to extend the rights of women. His wife for more than 25 years is Alma E. Brown, Exceptional Child Services Specialist, in the Chattanooga Public School System. (See photo on page 30)

Plight of Grads and College Brothers (Continued from page 23) Last and certainly not least of my concerns is the bottomless pit separating the graduating College Brother and the Alumni Chapter. Something must be done! I don't have any viable suggestions. I do know that Alumni Brothers have a tendency to look down on the recent college graduate. Whether this is done because of the financial instability of the younger Alumni Brother or not is irrelevant. The fact is that it is done. To bring more of the good Alpha's directly from College Chapters to alumni status the attitudes of Alumni Brothers must be changed. I realize that there are those who will disagree with me. I am speaking in generalities and not specifics. While there are exceptions to every rule there is significance in the existence of the rule. It is my deepest hope that in the final year of your administration and the administrations to come that these elements will be number one priority for improvement. Kindest personal regards. Sincerely and fraternally, â&#x20AC;&#x201D;Larry L. Earvin


THE A good resume is crucial to your job search; over 9 5 % of all hirings are introduced by a resume. Clear, to-the-point information is required coupled to a result and accomplishment background. Here is a quick guide to the resume format: 1. Heading -—• Full name, home address, city, state, zip code and telephone number. 2. Job Objective — A logical, meaningful objective will let the prospective employer know you're a realist willing to accept responsibility. 3. Education — Your highest degree should be listed first with the year of completion and the college or university attended. Any specialized courses related to your field which your company sponsored or those taken outside should be mentioned. Any noteworthy academic achievements or scholastic societies can be added. 4. Work Experience — List your most recent or present job first. Give the dates employed, your job title, the company name, a brief outline of your responsibilities and any specific accomplishments you might have had. 5. Military Experience — Unless specifically related to the job you're seeking, just list the dates, branch, specialty and discharge of your service. 6. Reference — Omit these in the resume, bearing in mind that you can produce them if and when the prospective employer shows an interest in you. 7. Personal Information — Be brief. Marital status, number of children, condition of health and security clearance, if applicable, will suffice. 8. Miscellaneous — Any published papers with regard to your field or any patents or awards that might enhance you to the potential employer can be mentioned. 9. Salary Information — A potential employer is strongly interested in your present salary, but it is best not to mention it in the resume. Such information is better left to the interview unless the company requests salary information in their ad. Then it should be mentioned in the cover letter accompanying your resume.


Improve your chances for employment. Sumbit your resume with this information. LIST THE FOLLOWING




Home phone number-


Business phone


Age, height, weight, martital status, number of dependents and draft status.


Give names of schools attended and highest grade attained. List diplomas, special courses, honors received and extracurricular activities with offices held.

Business Experience:

List present or last position first. Give date of joining and leaving companies, kind of business, addresses, positions held. Be explicit. Describe your exact duties, progress, accomplishments. Give reason for leaving each position. List your supervisor or other references for each job.

In a supplementary List any other information that may interest the employer and paragraph: help him fit you into a job. Include a photograph of yourself. Be brief and factual. Be informative and neat. Be complete — use a second page, if necessary.

LETTERS TO EDITOR Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53224 9828 West Green Tree Road April 9, 1972 Brother J. Herbert King 4728 Drexel Boulevard Chicago, Illinois 60615 Dear Brother King: I have not received "the Sphinx" since July, 1971. I had to write and request the last issue I received. I am an active member in Delta Chi Lambda Chapter. I would like to have all the copies I have missed, if possible, and have my name placed on the current mailing list. I have paid my dues; you can check with my local chapter. Your truly, —Emmet Hearon

Dear Brother King, I have not received a Sphinx magazine from the General Office since the issue about Bro. Whitney Young's death. Please forward all past issues from that last date to the present. My address is: Rickie Grider 4259 N. 39th Street Milwaukee, Wisconsin Card Number 4670


Thank you, Rickie Grider


A Few True Facts About Black Greeks By Milton Carter Davis Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, being the first black fraternity and having initiated as a brotherhood many of the significant actions which have led to concrete Black progress and success in its fight toward true Black freedom, here, too, takes the initiative in stating a few of the pertinent facts in reference to Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity as a relevant Black Greek Organization. Granted that the first Greek organizations were white. So what? Do you intend to start walking everywhere you go because Henry Ford, a white man, invented the first American automobile? The point is: to understand why Black fraternities were started and what they have done using the concept of fraternity—which simply means brotherhood, and the implementation of that concept to achieve meaningful constructive, progress. Let us look at the facts. The number of Blacks who were graduated from colleges and professional schools prior to the first years of the 20th century when Alpha Phi Alpha was established, that is, from 1826 to 1905, is estimated at 7,488. The opening of school at Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, found a group of Black students who, cut off from the many opportunities for mutual helpfulness and social outlets, came together and formed a Social Study Club for the purpose of helping each other with academics. They also established a social outlet for the Blacks who dared seek a proper education. From this effort to pool the intellect and talent of these Black students in achieving the desired goals of Black people, the first Black Fraternity, Alpha Phi Alpha, was born. These men knew of the hardships of college life. They felt the stinging weight of racial prejudice. Realizing that their people needed doctors, lawyers, engineers, professors and architects, these first men of Alpha pursued these majors at white college campuses because there were no really competent Black schools to attend. The founding brothers also knew that to be effective they had to form a permanent union so that after graduation their effectiveness as a group would not be impaired by separation. So then, Black fraternity arose to help perpetuate Black men of college caliber and competent training and to move as a unit to help spearhead the Black man's odyssey. In Alpha Phi Alpha are found some roots from which stem our courses of action in our present-day struggle, in the form of Brother W. E. B. Dubois, who upon hearing of the founding of this Black fraternity, investigated its objectives and affiliated himself with the fraternity. Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, being the powerful Black force for Blackness in its truest and purest sense, took to the courts to challenge racism taking form in the famous Gaines Case. The United States Supreme Court ruled in favor of Brother Lloyd L. Gaines, a Black student who was denied admission to the University of Missouri. Also, the Sweatt Case, which was carried to the U. S. Supreme Court with the aid of Alpha Phi Alpha to help strike down the principle of separate but equal. 26

The Henderson Case, which the fraternity brought to the U. S. Supreme Court in order to end discrimination of Blacks on railroad dining car accomodations, helped gain another foothhold. In Birmingham, Alabama, Omicron Lambda Chapter appealed to the Alabama State Supreme Court in an etffort to strike down the City of Huntsville's Jim Crow zoning laws, and was successful. These are but a few of the many lawsuits of Alpha. These decisions have had nationwide precedence in being sponsored by Alpha and fought by lawyers who are brothers deciding similar cases involving the Black man. These accomplishments were made because Alpha Phi Alpha, calling upon the talents of its brothers, is an organized and effective Black-powered structure which can move decisively and effectively anywhere in the nation. Recently, Alpha dedicated its $1.4 million Alpha Gardens in St. Louis, a housing development for middle- and low-income families. Substantial contributions were made and forwarded to Brother Charles Evers in Mississippi to aid him in his work. In addition, a project is now being programmed to explore the feasibility of establishing, operating and maintaining a Washington Bureau office of Alpha Phi Alpha for reasons of lobbying and keeping its fingers on the pulse of national actions which are relevant to the Black endeavor. Gamma Phi Chapter at Tuskegee Institute, the first Black fraternity on this campus, does not in anyway have to defend itself before any man for its actions nor answer any erroneously slanted and clearly prejudicial articles which purport to be challenges to Black Greeks. Gamma Phi Chapter simply states facts to those persons who have been intelligently inquiring about the status of Alpha in reference to the present Black posture. In doing this we reiterate THE PUBLIC POLICY OF ALPHA PHI ALPHA FRATERNITY, INC., worldwide: "Almost every statement of public policy since the beginning of the Fraternity has been an announcement that we are not only advocates of the proper use of Black power to win full citizenship in America, but WE ARE BLACK POWER. Year after year we have pledged ourselves to an integrated society and have sought separatism only to strengthen our forces to become an integral part of the mainstream of every phase — economic, social and political — of American Life. Alpha Phi Alpha is well aware and quite concerned over the black revolution. We realize that the contemporary use of the words BLACK PEOPLE and AFRO AMERICA is the healthy outcome of a new awareness of our history, dignity, culture and ability to define ourselves as we should. We are determined to demand the benefits of our cultural background, consumer, political and economic power. To all brothers who are actively participating in organizations the design of which is to bring about constructive freedom of BLACK PEOPLE, we commend you. Let it always be known that Alpha Phi Alpha feels that your struggle is our struggle. The same commitment that binds you to the principles of Alpha Phi Alpha surely must bind you and every brother of our Fraternity to the realization that freedom can only be obtained by our financial and physical participation in the struggles of BLACK PEOPLE." (Continued on page 27)


Letters to the Editor

(Continued from page 26)

(Continued from page 25)

Ultimately, Alpha Phi Alpha is in the hearts of the men who proudly bear its name and incarnate in the attitude of its brothers at Tuskegee Institute who have taken injury and insult from those who wear their black berets, coveralls, dark glasses, sandals, and seldom bathe. Not to mention the fact that there are those who try to tell people how to act Black just like the white man tried to tell us how to be accepted in society. All this and we have not retaliated with the massive and unparalleled response in various forms which we as an organized force could easily render. We do this because we know from where and for what purposes we exist. We know our backing, the power of our brothers and we enlist their talents in their fields of expertise and finance around the nation for the purpose of advancing the Black cause.

BROTHERS: You will not receive your "SPHINX" if . . . . 1. Chapter Secretaries fail to mail your current grand tax. 2. Failure to send your current address to BROTHER LAURENCE YOUNG, Executive Secretary. Changing your address at the post office will not assure prompt delivery of second class matter. Among the magazines returned recently were those of the following brothers . . . and we paid postage for their return.

We constrain our personal emotions because we know that instead of trying to divide the Black students at Tuskegee that an effort should be made to formulate a United Black Student Front. With the effective organizational machinery, financial backing and influential outreach that the Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity could bring to bear in a consistent and constructive manner, this United Black Student Front could take a tremendous step forward, if that elite, closed-minded clique of super Black advocates ever stops chasing its own tail and realizes that we are all ONE â&#x20AC;&#x201D; in Blackness and in the desire to see our pepole TOTALLY and UNEQUIVOCABLY free! Alpha Phi Alpha accepts the challenge as it did more than 60 years ago in its founding. DO YOU? In the vernacularâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;"Nuff said!" Where is Alpha Phi Alpha, some ask? Alpha Phi Alpha is embedded in the philosophies of our Alpha Brothers W. E. B. Dubois and Brother Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Alpha is in the Congress with Brothers Adam Clayton Powell and Edward K. Brooke and on the U.S. Supreme Court with Brother Thurgood Marshall. It is with Brother Charles Evers in Mississippi. At Tuskegee Institute Alpha is in the Vocational Building on campus giving parties, gifts, time and service to the Special Education Class located there and composed of Black, rural, poverty-stricken and retarded children. who, before we started giving our attention some years ago perhaps, had never seen a decorated Easter egg. Alpha is the sponsoring organization of the annual Elementary School Basketball Tournament held each year in Logan Hall in an effort to give to young Black children the value of a competitive endeavor and establish esprit de corps. Alpha is in its college scholarship which many of the Tuskegee students have received. Alpha is in the S. G. A. in the form of its vice president, a black man from his soul. Alpha is in its most recent graduates attending medical, law and graduate schools across the nation under full and partial scholarships.

DECEMBER 1971 SOUTHERN REGION J Mason Davis Birmingham, Ala. 35211 George Sweney R.F.D. Gadsden, S. C. 29061 SOUTHWESTERN REGION Robert W. Bradshaw Waco, Texas Paul Smith Baton Rogue, La. Wade A. Robinson Opelousas, La. Sammie Chagois Houston, Texas William Russel Ft. Sill, OKIa. James McCoy Galveston, Texas Lawrence Johnson Prairie View, Texas Charles P. Downs Prairie View, Texas Herman Jones Arlington, Texas Rufus Boykins W. Monroe, La. Carl E. Harvey Austin, Texas Michael C. Tanner Austin, Texas Rufus Presley Tahleguah, Okla. Terry M. Horton Beaumont, Texas Leroy Fair Houston, Texas Alrutheus T. Buchanan Huntsville, Ala. Clifford Youngblood Orlando, Fla. Willie H. Wright, Jr. Cocoa, Fla. MIDWESTERN REGION

Joseph B. Smith Detroit, Mich. Nathaniel R. Goldstar! Jefferon City, Mo. Arthur Byrd Champaign, III. William Campbell, III Champaign, III. Valcris Ewell, Jr. East St. Louis, III. William Starks Jefferson City, Mo. Jimmie Lee Watson Jefferson City, Mo. Billy Newman Jefferson City, Mo. Bruce J. Walker Bloomington, Ind. Robert Reynolds University City, Mo. Wayne Walker Bloomington, Ind. Andrew F. Sydnor St. Louis, Mo. Emile M. O'Bee Columbus, Ohio Milwaukee, Wis. Carlyle B. Harris Richard J. Comer W. Lafayette, Ind. Lionel Hunt Toledo, Ohio Wilbur B. Hughes Detroit, Mich. Arthur Humphrey Detroit, Mich. Isaac Gardner, Jr. Kanas City, Mo. Donzell Quinn Ypsilanti, Mich. Tommy L. Jones Flint, Mich. Willie J. Anderson Columbus, Ohio John W. E. Bowen Columbus, Ohio

William A. Jackson Chicago, III.


Richard Cohea Dayton, Ohio

Alonzo Fields Oakland, Calif.

Keith L. Smith Bloomington, Ind.

Leon Jenkins Colorado Springs, Colo.


ETA ALPHA CHAPTER . . . Paine College

Letters to the Editor (Continued from page 27) Ulysses X. White Colorado Springs, Colo. Med D. Culline Colorado Springs, Colo. Robert Daws Colorado Springs, Colo. Alton A. Arnold Colorado Springs, Colo. James F. Poole Colorado Springs, Colo. Ralph C. Williams Colorado Springs, Colo. Phillip Mallory Colorado Springs, Colo. Melvin C. Hall Colorado Springs, Colo. EASTERN REGION Vernon White Buffalo, N. Y. James D. Brown Harrisburg, Pa.

Eta Alpha Brothers; as they are seated or standing on the wall from left to right: Frank L. Haynies 72', Howard Johnson 74', Rawland Troup 72', Larry Lundy 74', Leomon Smith 74', Lonnie Napier, II 72', and on the ground (left to right) Thomas Ramsey 73', Willie Gary 74', Curlie McCant 74', Johnnie Fleming 72', Cortez Raney 74'.

The Brothers of Eta Alpha Chapter of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc., have tried to display the Alpha Man's Ideal since our chapter has been chartered. We have been active in the different functions of our fraternity and with our Black Brothers and Sisters on and around Paine College Campus. We were chartered in 1969 under the expert leadership of Alpha Chi Lambda. Our first line went over on the 3rd of April 1970. There were nine pledgees on our first line. Their names are as follows: Brothers George Bialey 71', lohnnie Garner 70', Frank L. Haynie 72', David Reynolds 71', Willie Rogers 71', Marshall Tatum 70', Lewis Thomas 70', Rawland Troup 72', and lake Williams, II 71'. We have had lines since them ranging from 2 to 10. As you can see we are a relatively young chapter but with the great help we receive from Alpha Chi Lambda Chapter we are "Doing Our Do." We are now in the process of installing a platform on our campus that will stand as a memorial for Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity and all the great men that represent it. The men of Eta Alpha Chapter of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity invite and welcome any advice or a visit to our campus at any time. If you are ever in Augusta, come to Roo ml3, Evrin Hall, Paine College, and we will show your that Alpha Phi Alpha to Room 103, Ervin Hall, Paine College, and we will show you that Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity is in Augusta, Georgia.

Edward G. Wood Washington, D.C. Zachery R. Horton Washington, D.C. Stanford H. James Philadelphia, Pa. Charles F. Garyson Washington, D.C. Douglas J. De Priest Aberdeen, Md. Dwight Brooks Gaithersburg, Md. R. Leandras Jone, Jr. Washington, D.C. John W. Ormond Washington, D.C. Byron J. Garyson Washington, D.C. Burton N. Mabra Washington, D.C. Ronald L. Cooper Washington, D.C. Claude W. Payne Washington, D.C. Randall B. Anders Washington, D.C. James S. Peters, III Cambridge, Mass.

The General President Speaks

Stanley B. King St. Albans, N. Y.

(Continued from page 2)

Marvin Hill Pittsburgh, Pa.

It is my memory of moments like these with Adam Powell that made me proud to call him friend and fills me with sadness now that his exciting life has come to an end. His achievements as a legislator and especially as chairman of the House Committee on Labor and Education have been cited by others. Nevertheless, the publicity given his private life has obscured too much of the record. Perhaps only history will set the record straight. Adam was in the vanguard of the long march blacks have been making toward freedom and full citizenship. Whatever his follies, for my money, he kept the faith. 2<S

Brothers, you are further urged to immediately forward your correct address to us. The cost of returned copies of the SPHINX is tremendous.


Bro. Calvin Hood, Director of Student Counseling and Founders' Day Marshall, leads Bros. Tanner and Newsom into University Church for Founders' Day activities.

"A committed institution will take its students beyond the mere duplication of knowledge and will imphasize creative explication, implication and application." The veteran of twenty five years in the educational world mentioned the "open door" policy needed in our institutions. "We need to stop referring to certain groups of students as 'risks.' "A student's background ought to be the basis for his education, not a barrier to it." Brother Tanner saw the role of the American college in the future, "to make the human condition humane — to help man rediscover and celebrate his dignity." He ended his thirty minute speech by posing a challenge of loyalty to alumni, faculty and students of Smith.

Brother James R. Tanner

Brother Tanner also spoke briefly of the busing situation the city of Charlotte has spearheaded across the nation. "You have the opportunity of achieving reality in Charlotte. Not by your monumental busing edicts, but through the results of what happens when black kids and white kids get off the buses and enter into the classrooms." The Wilberforce College graduate turned his attention to the theme of the speech, To Keep A Dream, after those remarks of national importance and had the audience of administrators, faculty, students, alumni, and friends enthralled with his presentation. The individual member of the college community is there principally to develop and reinforce his competence and that of his fellows," the educator intoned.

In his four way test of loyalty, he asked the audience, "to understand the history, purpose, needs, and promises of the institution . . . to be proud of indentification with it . . . to financially support it . . . and work for its furtherance and growth." Smith president Brother Lionel Newsom presided over the black-gowned ceremony that saw Charlotte Mayor ProTern Fred Alexander, a candidate for the N.C. Senate, present the eighth president with a letter opener from the Mayor and City Council to open the many letters of congratulations on Smith's 105 years of existence and the many checks of financial support. Greetings from the Board of Trustees were brought from Ms. Katherine Crosby. The Alumni Association was represented by its president, Dr. William West of Washington, D.C. Ben Rawlins, president of the student body, on behalf of students. Founded in 1867, immediately following the Civil War, Johnson C. Smith has served the nation as one of America's most prominent traditionally Black institutions of higher education. 29

CHATTANOOGA ALPHAS HONOR BROTHER JULIAN BROWN "Alpha Man of the Year Brother Julian C. Brown, principal of the Joseph E. Smith Elementary School, was named "Man of the Year" when two chapters of Alpha Phi celebrated Founder's Day, here recently. The chapters celebrating were Psi Lambda, the graduate chapter; and the newly established chapter on the campus of the University of Tennessee, Eta Phi. Presentation of the Alpha Achievement Award to Brother Brown was made by George W. James.


Members of Psi Lambda chapter are Brothers Clifford L. Hendrix, president; Erskine L. Peeples, vice president; Brothers Albert M. Miller, secretary; Wendell L. Collins, Assistant secretary; Booker T. Scruggs, Sr., treasurer; Bennie J. Harris, Ernest L. Buffington, George W. James, Rodney S. Claybrook, Also Brothers Michael Baker, Albert B. Barnett, Charles N. Berry, Henry W. Bowles, Julian C. Brown, Burnell W. David, Frank A. Jones, John H. Julian, Julian Blackshear, Sr., Samuel Seals, Theadore B. Kennedy, George A. Key, Robert D. Lewis, and Edward E. Pitts. Brothers John L. Pitts, Edgar L. Scott, Thomas L. Scott, Herbert F. Smith, Booker T. Scruggs II, Richelieu Strange, George N. Taylor, Sr. Samuel S. Trammel, Lloyd W. Thompson, Eugene Wade and Edward I. Whaley. Eta Phi Chapter members are Brothers Alonzo Brewer, James Freeman, Calvin Florence, Joseph Herman, Tyrone Hunt, president; William Martin, Joseph Partridge and Pezevan Whatley. The alphabettes (wives of Alpha men), Mrs. Pauline Miller, president, were in charge of the hospitality hour.

WESTERN REGIONAL CONVENTION HIGHLIGHTS Place: Phoenix, Arizona at the beautiful Ramada Inn — East Dates: March 23-25, 1972 Chairman: Marshall Bennett Host Chapter: Delta Tau Lambda, Phoenix Attendance: 70 delegates representing 5 College Chapters and 13 Alumni Chapters General President Morial Executive Secretary Laurence T. Young Fraternity Presidential Candidates Clark and Washington National Convention Chairman Hall. Highlights: Address by Brother Ernest N. Morial who spoke of Alpha's role in the future in eliminating the ghetto and necessary changes which are overdue in re-organization of the fraternity. Address by news columnist Downs, banquet speaker. Awards:

Alpha College Ma of Year (Western Region) — Brother Michael Lange, Delta Omicron, Stanford University. Western Region Alpha Alumni Man of Year — Brother Harrison Hudson, Delta Psi Lambda, Denver, Colo. Bro. Hudson is local chairman of the Denver National Convention. Beta Psi Lambda Chapter, Los Angeles — Outstanding Chapter Greatest increase in Life Memberships. 25 Year Certificates:

Daytona Beach, Florida Brother

Brown receives plaque Brother James.


The observance was held in Cadek Hall on the campus of the University of Tennessee and had as speaker Dr. George W. Gore, president emeritus of Florida A & M University. Dr. Gore was introduced by Dr. Charles N. Berry, principal of the Riverside High School. Other participants on the program included Erskine Peeples, the Rev. Cajus Howell, Tyrone Hunt and the Howard High School Choir under direction of Mrs. Edmonia J. Simmons. 30

Bethune-Cookman College Business Manager Brother James E. Huger was named today to the American Academy of Political and Social Science. Brother Huger, served as a Daytona Beach city commissioner for six years remains politically active as a member of the Regional Advisory Committee on Public Health, Atlanta, the Review Panel, Developing Institutions, Title III, Washington, Governor's Committee on Community Affairs; Florida Probation and Parole Commission; and Environmental Control Committee.


Ray W. Bartlett William W. Black Harold Brown, Sr. Thurman Fletcher Charles E. Frye Melvin C. Hall Louis K. Harris Judson Hart Harrison Hudson Thomas Keller Frank A. Nicholson Alvin Nurse Clifford Prince Robert A. Stewart, Jr. Jay Taylor Earl West Leander F . West



HELENA, ARKANSAS The brothers of Theta Tau Lambda Chapter of Alpha Phi Alpha extend greetings to Alpha men throughout Alpha Land!

Theta Tau membership The officers 1971-72 year

The brothers of Theta Tau Lambda have resolved the following theme: "Community and Political Involvement." Because of the despairing plight of Black people in our nation, and especially in Southeast Arkansas, the brothers of Theta _ T , , , . ' . Tau Lambda feel that a commitment to our theme will help to make for a new S ou th.

A. L. Johnson Leon Phillips Q . L. Denton E l t o n H ammons

The brothers of Theta Tau Lambda feel that Alpha Phi Alpha is an instrument of strength that should be organized not only socially but politically and economically to aid Black men everywhere. , / . j . , j * V . D, Black America needs the leaders ithat A>u . • •J ^ •, ^, Alpha strives to provide her with. Theta Tau Lambda strives to provide her with. Theta Tau Lambda strives to achieve these goals by exemplifying the ideals of Alpha in Southeast Arkansas.




Lambda boasts an active of twenty (20) brothers. of the chapter for the are as follows:


..,„„• P. W. White

President Vice-President Reed. Secretary Corrs. Secretary Treasurer T^ r r,. „ Dean of Pledgees

James E

' M c C o y ' ' E d i t o r of SPhinx Willis C. Williams Chairman, Program Committee Chairman, Dr Robert Mil|er Education Committee

Eug£ne Johnson

„ „ „ ., Ozell Smiley E,ton


Leon Phillips



Committee „ .... . . , Political Action „ Committee Political Action Committee Political Action Committee


Theta Tau Lambda Chapter; the Brothers from left to right are: (first row) Brothers Fred Coleman, Eugene Johnson, Elijah Petty, G. L. Denton and Earnest Trice; (standing Brothers are): Rogerline Johnson, Williams, Robert Scott, P. W. White, Fred Heggs, Joseph Kennedy, Elton Hammons, Ozell Smiley, Leon Phillips, James E. McCoy, Earnest Walker and Tommy McCall (not shown). Fraternally yours, —James E. McCoy Editor of the Sprinx Theta Tau Lambda Chapter of Alpha Phi Alpha, Inc.


Thomas J. Pugh

Dr. Thomas J. Pugh went recently as co-leader of a Pacific Career Development Institute with Dr. Edgar Jackson, 08 January-07 February, 1972. The places where the Institutes were held were Anchorage, Alaska; Tokyo, Japan; and the Republic of Beguio, Philippines. This is the third such seminar that Brother Pugh has provided leadership for. The theme this year is the NOW FAMILY. Ministers who are career men serving as chaplains in the United States Airforce are participants in the Career Development Institute. Brother Pugh was, therefore, on a mission for the USAF, as guest of the Chief of Airforce Chaplains. In the course of four weeks they held as many Institutes. And 120 chaplains attended. The family today is stimulated from many sides, testing whether its basic model needs amending or if new models may gain respectability with the nuclear family model. Ministers who provide help for troubled families need to keep abreast of their needs and also know the resources of help as they pastor people. Bro. Dr. Pugh at present serves on the Faculty at Interdenominational Theological Center, Atlanta, Ga. Submitted by Editor to Sphinx Eta Lambda Chapter Atlanta, Georgia 31

G A M M A EPSILON... MISSISSIPPI Adopted a Family . . . Servants of All Mankind mm

Brothers are shown with Miss Hurd and her court.

The brothers of Gamma Upsilon recently held it's Annual Miss Alpha Phi Alpha Coronation with the crowning of Miss Gwen Hurd as Chapter Sweetheart for 1971-72. Miss Hurd is the daughter of Mrs. Ethelrine Allen. She is a member of Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority. Her major is English and her hobby is sewing. Also recognizing in the Coronation was Miss Cathy Adams, 1st Alternate to Miss A Phi A, Miss Marion Broadwater, Sphinx Sweetheart, and

Brother of Gamma Upsilon is shown above with their family.

Miss Rosie Lynn Johnson, Miss Black & Gold. Presently the brothers are working on means of establishing a sickle-cell testing center in the State of Mississippi. A recent project the brothers undertook was giving aid to needy families in the college community. Academically the brothers are number one on campus. We also have two American Fund for Dental Education (AFDE) Scholars. They are Bro. Ho-


ward Glenn, Assist, to Southern Region Vice-President of Alpha Phi Alpha and Bro. David Nail, President of Student Government Association here at Tougaloo College. We are proud to have two such distinguished brothers in our chapter and will continue to strive towards Alpha's primary goal "First of All." Submitted by: Bro. Roy Irons Chapter Editor-to-Sphinx

G A M M A ALPHA LAMBDA Receives NAACP Life Membership Plaque Mrs. B. A. Coles, Chairman of the Charlottesville, Va., NAACP Life Membership Committee, presents the NAACP Life Membership Plaque to William M. Smith, President of Gamma Alpha Lambda Chapter, Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc., who receives it on behalf of his fraternity. George Ft. Ferguson, President of the Charlottesville Branch NAACP looks on. Gamma Alpha Lambda is an area chapter consisting of members from Staunton, Charlottesville, Lexington and Covington. Staunton affiliates are Dr. John Chiles, Kenneth L. Jones and Arthur R. Ware. Charlottesville: Augene A. Anderson, Ray L. Bell, Dr. Ralph Brown, Chelsie Clark, Harry Hightower, Charles C. Johnson, Dr. Marshall T. Garrett, Booker Reaves and Stephen D. Waters. Lexington: Stephen M. Madison, Dr. Alfred W. Pleasants and Harry W. Wood. Covington: George D. Hill, Jr. and Dr. Walter W. Johnson.


I Have Seen Black H a n d s . . .

Gamma Delta Pine Bluff, Ark.

bv Richard Wright higher and higher until there was too I much to be used. I am black and I have seen black And then the black hands held trembhands, millions and millions of them ling at the factory gates the dreaded lay— Out of millions of bundles of wool off slip, and the black hands swung and flannel, tiny black fingers have idle and swung empty and grew soft and reached restlessly and hungrily for life. got weak and bony from unemployment Reached out for the black nipples at and starvation. the black breasts of black mothers And And they grew nervous and sweaty, they have held red, green, blue, yellow, and opened and shut in anguish and orange, white and purple toys in the doubt and hesitation and irresolution. childish grips of possession. And chocolate drops, peppermint Ill sticks, lollypops, wineballs, ice cream I am black and I have seen black cones, and sugared cookies in fingers hands, millions and millions of them — sticky and gummy. Reaching hestitantly out of days of slow And they've held balls and bats and death for the goods they had made, gloves and marbles and jack-knives and but the bosses warned that the goods sling-shots and spinning tops in the thrill were private and did not belong to them. of sport and play. And the black hands struck desperately out in defense of life and there was And pennies and nickels and dimes blood, but the enraged bosses decreed and quarters and sometimes —• on New that this too was wrong. Year's Day, Easter, Lincoln's birthday, And the black hands felt the cold May Day, a brand-new green dollar bill. steel bars of prison they had made, and They've held pens and rulers and maps in despair tested their strength and found and tablets and books in palms spotted that they could neither bend nor break and smeared with ink. them. And they've held dice and cards and And the black hands fought and half-pint flasks and cue-sticks and cigars scratched and held back, but a thousand and cigarettes in the pride of new mawhite hands took them and tied them. turity. And the black hands lifted palms in mute and futile supplication to the sodII den faces of mobs wild in the wild revelI am black and I have seen black ries of sadism. hands, millions and millions of them — And the black hands strained and They were tired and awkward and calclawed and struggled in vain at the noose loused and grimy and covered with that tightened about the black throats. hangnails. And they were caught in the And the black hands waved and beat fast moving belts of machines and snagfearfully at the tall flames that cooked ged and smashed and crushed. and charred the black flesh. And they jerked up an down as the IV throbbing machines massed taller and I am black and I have seen black taller the heaps of gold in the banks hands, Raised in fists of revolt, side by of bosses. side with the white fists of white workAnd they piled higher and higher the ers. And some day! and it is only this steel, iron, the lumber, wheat, rye, the which sustains me — Some day! there oats, corn, the cotton, the wool, the shall be millions and millions of them, oil, coal, the meat, the fruit, the glass black hands, On some red day in a and the stone until there was too much burst of fists on a new horizon! to be used. And they grabbed guns and slung them on their shoulders and marched and groped in trenches and fought and killed and conquered nations who were customers for the goods black hands had made. And again black hands stacked goods

Richard Wright (1908-1960) Richard Wright, powerful and persuasive black writer, was born in Natchez, Mississippi in 1908. Living for a while in Memphis, Tennessee, he made his home in Chicago in 1925.

Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity —Gamma Delta Chapter sponsored a Greek Round-Up during the month of February on campus at A M & N College in Pine Bluff, Arkansas. Representatives from neighboring Alpha Chapters were invited to attend this round-up and took an active part in the deliberations. Many ideas were exchanged and aired concerning pledging in a fraternity and the future of or value of being a member of such an organization. The members of Gamma Delta Chapter who took an active part in this program are as follows: Jimmy Burks, Donald Burham, Larry Carter, Walker Fleming, Issac Gathings, Larry Holmes, Steven Hayes, Lloyd Inmon, Kenneth Greenwood, Robert Loyde, Wayne Nolen, Charles Green, Leroy Randolph, Hershel Parks, Quintin Ragsdale and Willard Robinson.

In Chicago he met other aspiring young writers and studied and mastered the technique of forming and utilizing words to create and project the images of his own creativity and will. The publication of Wright's first volume of short stories, "Uncle Tom's Children," brought for him both recognition as a writer to be reckoned with and the Guggenheim fellowship. Shortly after this, Richard Wright was hurled into worldwide and lasting prominence with his great novel, "Native Son" and the immortalization of Bigger Thomas as the tragic and heroic symbol of black male life in America's urban ghettoes. Richard Wright was the recipient of the Spingarn Medal in 1939 and, during the last twenty years of his life, he wrote many other books, the most noteworthy of these — "Black Boy" — which was an autobiography. He was a man so deeply troubled by the problems of race that he spent and lived out his last years in Paris, France. Few writers have ever approached or surpassed Richard Wright's thunderous and eloquent appeal to the sensibilities and the sensitivities of black people.

Up-Communication WORK SHOP office of Urban Programs Metropolitan YMCA, Chicago. 33

GAMMA MU LAMBDA CHAPTERS LAUNCHES ON A BIG PROGRAM Tallahassee, Florida — The brothers of Gamma Mu Lambda Chapter launched out upon a terrific program for the year 1971-72 under the dynamic leadership of Lt. St. Colonel Washington. The Chapter has adopted a "Threepoint" Program for the year with emphasis upon Community Involvement, Scholarship Awards and Social Enrichment for Brothers and their Families. The Chapter has selected to give the following awards for 1972: ALPHA PHI ALPHA FRATERNITY $1,000 SCHOLARSHIP AWARDS The Gamma Mu Lambda Chapter of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc. shall give the following scholarship awards to students of Florida A & M University in keeping with the criteria listed. 1. The Most Well-rounded NonAlpha Male Upper Classman — $250.00 a. He must be enrolled pursuing a regular course of study for a baccalaurate degree carrying a minimum of fifteen (15) quarter hours at the time of his selection.

b. He must have accumulated a minimum of 135 quarter hours. c. He must have a cumulative average of at least 3.0. d. He must be active in three (3) or more positive organizations. e. He shall be recommended by the Beta Nu Chapter of Alpha Phi Alpha. The Chapter shall consult with the Registrar, the Dean of Men and the Director of Student Activities pertaining to the nominee's qualifications. 2. The Highest Average Male Freshman — $250.00

a. He must be a member of Beta Nu Chapter with an average of 3.0 or better. b. He must have been outstandingly active with the Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity and three (3) or more other organizations. c. He must be recommended by the brothers of Beta Nu Chapter. 4. The Highest Neophyte of Beta Nu Chapter — $250.00

a. He must be enrolled pursuing a regular course of study for a baccalaureate degree carrying a minimum of fifteen (15) quarter hours at the time of his selection.

This shall be awarded to the neophyte of Beta Nu who was initiated in the quarter prior to the donation of this award with the highest average.

b. He must have matriculated not more than two (2) quarters previous to his selection and must be enrolled in the University at the time of his selection.

Gamma Mu Lambda Brothers posed separately at a cocktail party honoring their wives before dining together at the Silver Slipper.

Wives and Sweethearts . . .

Alpha wives and sweethearts attending cocktail party in their honor given by the Brothers of Gamma Mu Lambda. Front Row: Mrs. Raphael Russell, Mrs. Lewis Pratt, Mrs. Herman Landers, Mrs. Gladys Anderson, Mrs. Gerald Hooper, Mrs. James Barrett, and Mrs. John Steele. Second Row: Mrs. M. G. Miles, Mrs. Ernest Fears, Mrs. Henry Finley, Mrs. James Ford, Mrs. Janie B. Adams, Mrs. Howard Lewis, Mrs. Samuel Washington. Third Row: Mrs. Robert Flakes, Mrs. Paul Mohr, Mrs. William P. Foster, and Mrs. L. H. B. Foote. 34

3. The Alpha Man of the Year — $250.00

. . . Brothers

Brothers attending cocktail party for Gamma Mu Lambda wives and sweethearts on February 14, 1972, at the Silver Slipper Restaurant, Tallahassee, Florida. Front Row: Brothers Herman Landers, Gerald Hooper, L. J. Shaw, L. H. B. Foote. Second Row: Brothers James Ford, John Steele, Samuel Washington, Ernest D. Fears, Henry Finley, Paul Mohr and Howard Lewis. Back Row: Brothers Lewis Pratt, Robert Flakes, Raphael Russell, M. G. Miles, James Barrett and William P. Foster.

OMICRON LAMBDA 1971-1972: . . . "A VERY FRUITFUL YEAR by Brother Dr. L W . Oliver, Director Public Relations

Brother Arthur Jordan becomes second Black man in history to be appointed to the Birmingham Park and Recreation Board. Brother Ira Reid, left, presents Omicron Lambda Chapter's "Alpha Man of the Year" Award to Brother Dr. L. W. Oliver. Brother Oliver is on leave from Miles College serving as Visiting Professor and Acting Head of the Department of Political Science at Tuskegee Institute.

Brothers in Omicron Lambda Chapter of APA commenced it's 1971-72 fraternal year, as usual, with a bang. Beginning with it's annual Labor Day Picnic in September on the beautiful campus of Miles College, with the newly appointed President of the college, Brother W. Clyde Williams and his family serving as campus hosts, members of Omicron Lambda Chapter, their wives, families and sweethearts enjoyed a most glorious and gay affair which shall ever be remembered by all who were in attendance. Thrilled once again in November by the election of Omicron Lambda's brother, Dr. Richard Huington, Jr. as the second black man in history to be elected to the Bermingham City Council, Brothers in Omicron Lambda further exemplified their ability and zest to move forward for the betterment of the black man and all mankind. Again in December, brothers in Omicron Lambda Chapter took the initiative to become the first black organization to utilize the facilities of the most fabulous and beautiful Cascade Plunge as the location of it's annual Christmas Ball. Dining and dancing under the star-lit roof of the Chrystal Room at Cascade Plunge, brothers, their wives and sweethearts enjoyed one of the most vivacious affairs ever presented in the metropolis of Birmingham, and at which time, brother L. W. Oliver was named Omicron Lambda's "Alpha Man of the Year."

Brother Dr. L. W. Oliver, right, presents "Outstanding Achievement" Award to Brother Dr. Richard Arrington, left, as Mrs. Arrington, left, and Mrs. Oliver, right, look on. Brother Dr. Arrington was elected the second Black man in history to ever serve on Birmingham, Alabama, City Council. Mrs. Arrington is Vice President of Alpha wives and sweethearts.

Finally, in January, 1972, brothers' in Omicron Lambda Chapter were once again thrilled and made proud by the appointments of Brother Attorney, Peter Hall as the first black Judge to sit in a judicial chamber in the history of the city of Birmingham and brother Jordan, the second black man to be appointed to the Park and Recreation Board of this progressive metropolis. So as you can see brothers in Alpha, for Omicron Lambda Chapter, 1971-72 fraternal year really has been "A very good year." L. W. Oliver, P.R. 35


Another Mayor

Undergraduate Conclave, Lincoln University Lincoln University, Pa., was the site of this year's Eastern Regional Undergraduate Conclave. The successful Regional gathering was held at Nu Chapter on March 10, 1972. Representatives were present from Beta Alpha, Gamma Sigma, Zeta Psi, Delta Pi, and Psi chapters. The representatives attended seminars and workshops before convening in a general assembly. The workshops were titled: Chapter Investments and How to Make Money, Development and Reconstruction of Chapters, Campus Image and Projects Seminar, The Ritual, Pledging and Initiation, and Music Workshop. Directing these workshops were Brother Charles E. Dickerson, chairman, Department of Black Studies, Lincoln University; Brother LaRue Myers, Vice-Chairman, Intrafraternal Relations Committee of the Delaware Valley; Brother Joseph Bell, Philadelphia Board of Education; and Brother Louis C. Harris, Secretary, Intrafraternal Relations Committee. Assisting these distinguished Brothers were Brother Emery L. Rann, III, Brother Edward L. Vaughn, Brother Curvin J. F. Eure, Brother Earl A. Dennis, Brother O. Martin Pharr, Jr., and Brother Herman J. Wesson, of Nu Chapter. Brother

Brother engaged in a "rap session"

during their luncheon


Brother Joseph F. Bell, Jr., Director, Delaware Valley Undergraduate Chapters, presided over the joint session. Reports were presented from each workshop session along with a special report on "Brutality" by Brother LaRue D. Myers. Brother James V. Peterson, president of Nu Chapter, introduced the platform guests which included such distinguished Alpha men as Brother W. Decker Clarke, candidate for the General Presidency; Brother Frank Devine, Chairman, Delaware Valley Intrafraternal Relations Committee; Brother Steven Johnson, Assistant Eastern Regional Vice-President, and Brother Charles P. Howard, Eastern Regional Vice-President, who gave inspiring closing remarks. A luncheon in the University faculty dining room culminated the successful event. 36

George D. Goodman

Brother George D. Goodman, 31, of 1610 Gregory St., in Ypsilanti, Michigan, was re-elected to the Ypsilanti City Council April 3, 1972 the highest vote getter of 11 candidates. Bro. Goodman, who has served on the Council since 1970 and as the city's "Mayor pro-tern" since 1971, received 400 votes more than his nearest opponent, placing first or second in all but one of the city's eight precincts. A lifelong resident of Ypsilanti, he currently works as assistant director of admissions at the University of Michigan, in nearby Ann Arbor. He is responsible for the admissions phase of the University's "Opportunity Program" which seeks to provide education and counseling for minority and low income students. Bro. Goodman is a 1958 graduate of Roosevelt High School in Ypsilanti and also was graduated from Eastern Michigan University in 1963. He received his master's degree in educational administration from that same school in 1970. A member of the executive committee of the South East Michigan Council of Governments (SEMCOG), Bro. Goodman is also a member of the urban affairs committee of the Michigan Municipal League. He also serves on the board of directors of the Huron Valley Girl Scout Council and was listed in the 1971 edition of Who's Who of Community Leaders.

BETA THETA LAMBDA CHAPTER, DURHAM, N. C The Alumni Chapter and the College Chapter, Gamma Beta jointly gave the Founders' Day Program at North Carolina Central University. Brother Nathan T. Garrett, Director of the Foundation for Community Development, Incorporated, gave the principal address. Brother Garrett said, "Manly deeds are those acts in which man uses his mind, reason, or intellect. These are the attributes which distinguish man from other animals. The cultivation of one's mental faculties is what is meant by scholarship. Alpha men must combine intellect with honesty, integrity, morality, reliability, and perseverance if we are to distinguish ourselves as worthy men." Brother Garrett went on to say, "In leaving college, each Black student should think seriously of how he will serve ultimately to strengthen our people. If he takes a job with a white firm, he should consider himself as being there only so long as it takes to learn more skills to bring home to our own race."

Brother A.J.H. Clement III

Brother A. J. H. Clement, III, Durham Civil Rights Leader, has been named Second Vice Chairman in charge of minority affairs of the State Democratic Party. The appointment of Brother Clement was confirmed by the North Carolina Party Chairman, Senator John Church. Brother Clement said he had no political aspirations other than "to be effective by encouraging political involvement by more minorities." Brother Clement was appointed by Governor Scott to the commission to reorganize the State Democratic Party. He received his undergraduate and law degrees from Howard University. Brother William Alexander Clement, a graduate of TalladegaCollege in Alabama, has been elected one of the directors of the Durham Office of Wachovia Bank. Brother Clement joined the North Carolina Mutual Life Insurance Company in 1934, advanced through various field positions, and was named agency director in 1961. In 1962 he was elected Vice-President, and in 1966 was named Vice-President in charge of field operations. In 1969, he was elected Senior Vice-President of the North Carolina Mutual Life Insurance Company. The Brothers of the Alumni Chapter and College Chapter have held joint meetings this year on two occasion. The purpose is to establish communication and closer relationship between the two groups. Brother

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;Ross E. Townes, Editor To the Sphinx

William A. Clement


Brother Goodman


(Continued from page 36)

Brother Bobert P. Smith, Director of Food Services at North Carolina Central University, was named President of the Southeast Region of the National Association of College and University Food Services. Brother Smith, who had been serving as interim president, was named to a two term at the annual convention. Brother Smith, a Miami, Florida native, is a graduate of Tuskegee Institute and Cornell University. Brother Smith told the membership of approximately 500 that there are major problems to be overcome if the college food service organizations are to survive.

The 31-year old councilman has also served as chairman of the Ypsilanti Human Relations Commission in 1968 and presently is a consultant to the board of Youth for Understanding. His work with Exchange Students began in the summer of 1968 when he served aboard the M / S Aurelia programming student forums during the cruise.

Brother Robt. P. Smith

He and his wife, Judith Ann, have two children, Mark David, 3, and George Anthony, 7. 37



Billy Taylor, University of Michigan Football Star was the honored guest of Theta Zeta Lambda Alumni Chapter at their Annual Dinner Dance. Over 300 Alpha Brothers and Guests attended this event which was held February 26, 1972 at Weber's Inn, Ann Arbor, Michigan. Billy Taylor member of University of Michigan, Alpha Phi Alpha, Epsilon Chapter, is not only an All American on the football field but also in the Fellowship of Christian Athletes for youth activities. He has been drafted by the Atlanta Falcons. Last year six High School Graduates were given financial assistance awards to begin their College Careers. The $1,000 scholarship fund is provided through special assessment of each individual chapter member.

As the capstone of the evening, Brother Billy Taylor an active member of Epsilon Chapter at the University of Michigan was presented the filmed highlights of his outstanding career prepared by his coach at the University. The film was presented to him by University President Robben W. Fleming who spoke highly of his many accomplishments on and off the field. Brother Belford V. Lawson presented an album of congratulatory messages and Michigan memorabilia. Brother Taylor, who hails from Barberton, Ohio, All-Big Ten in football for three straight years, was runner-up as the Most Valuable Player in the conference in his senior year, and won these Ail-American honors: first team on the Football News selections, second team with United Press International, and made the third team as chosen by the Associated Press. Brother Taylor broke most of Michigan's running records. In his career, he rushed 587 times, a record; gained 3,072 yards, another record; and scored 32 touchdowns, second only to the fabled Tom Harmon's 33 touchdowns. President Fleming told the audience: "Billy Taylor's feats on the football field are well known and his name will long survive in the Big Ten football record. The same is true of his accomplishments on the campus as a leader and example-setter. His work in the Fellowship of Christian Athletes deserves high commendation and it is fitting that the United Churchmen's Association has honored him as the outstanding football player active in the field of religion. His contributions to young people through counseling in the elementary and secondary schools of Ann Arbor are still another measure of his interest in and desire to be of service to others."

Billy Taylor, Alpha Brother and U of M All American football star, being presented photos and movies of his most famous plays by U of M President Robben Fleming and Attorney Belford Lawson, former General President and Legal Counsel of the Fraternity. W. E. Alexander, President of the host chapter is at extreme right.

There were other honored guests present, too. Among these was Brother Belford V. Lawson, Jr., the noted Washington, D. C. lawyer, Past General Counsel, Past General President of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity and pioneer civil rights leader in the early struggle for equality of opportunity in education, transportation, employment and advancements. Brother Lawson is a graduate of the University of Michigan and was active in Epsilon Chapter at the University during his college days. Brother Leven C. Weiss, General Treasurer of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity and Mrs. Weiss were present and honored at the affair from Detroit, Michigan. Also on hand were University of Michigan President Robben W. Fleming and Mrs. Fleming, along with a score of other dignitaries many of whom were outstanding Brothers from other chapters and states. 38

"And so I join in honoring Billy Taylor, not only for his great accomplishments for Michigan on the football field, but also for his highly commendable activity off the playing field." (Continued on page 39)

Brother Tony Smith (74) gives Brother Billy Taylor a victory hug.

BILLY TAYLOR . . . All American (Continued from page 38)

Special guest Alpha General Treasurer Levin Weiss and wife, Washington, D.C., Representative Attorney Beltord Lawson, U of M President Robben Fleming and wife (rear shot of B. Taylor).

In a personal letter to Brother Taylor, Brother Lawson cited Taylor's "great humanity and humility, coupled with his superb athletic ability. "Michigan," said Brother Lawson, "has had no greater athletes in football than you and Brother Ron Johnson. I trust that your contribution to public life will be as important as your athletic prowess has been to our alma mater, the "Champions of the West." Brother W. E. Alexander, President of the Alumni Chapter, praised Brother Billy Taylor not only for his contribution to football and sports in general, but for his personal integrity, dignity, humility and over-all human and community service to youth and adults. He indicated that when the history books are written and re-written, the name of Brother Billy Taylor will be found among the pages as an individual of unselfish qualities and willingness to serve mankind. Since Theta Zeta Lambda Chapter was chartered in 1962, the Chapter has experienced its greatest growth under the leadership of Brother Alexander who is completing his first year as President of the local Alumni group which currently numbers forty two (42) members with a very diverse and high degree of excellence, professional training and experiences. All of the members of the Alumni Chapter are expected to have life membership status before the end of the year. Understandably proud of his Alumni Chapter, Brother Alexander pointed out that Alpha men from his Chapter are achieving leadership positions throughout the community and State of Michigan. He feels that it would be unfair to single out any one member of the Chapter for honors since all of the Brothers are performing meritorious services in their respective professions with distinction, honor and respect. Members of this Chapter are proud to have two of its members who were high vote-getters in city elections in their respective communities. Brother Lyman S. Parks and Brother George D. Goodman have served as elected councilmen in their respective cities; both have served as mayor-pro-tem. and now Brother Parks is Mayor of Grand Rapids, Michigan â&#x20AC;&#x201D; the second largest city in the State of Michigan â&#x20AC;&#x201D; and Brother George Goodman is honored in the same capacity in Ypsilanti, Michigan.

Michigan's wolverines

Billy Taylor (42) around Ohio State's end blocking.

A delicious


dinner enjoyed by all.

Brothers Weis and Lawson join the Theta Zeta Lambda singing the Alpha Hymn.




Southern Region Highlights Forward Steps

(Continued from page 39)

Alpha Phi Alpha, the pride of our Hearts Past General President LIONEL H. NEWSOM: First Negro appointed to Charlotte (N.C.) Civil Service Board. Brother Dr. J. GARRICK HARDY (Alpha Upsilon Lambda, Montgomery and APA Life Member): Certificate of Recognition from Alabama State University General Alumni Association. Past Assistant Vice President LARRY L. EARVIN: Elected to APA Housing Foundation directorship. Brother DANIEL WILLIAMS (Tuskegee Archivist): Named to APA Library Committee. Brother Dr. WALTER W. SULLIVAN (President, Kappa Lambda, Greensboro): Elected to APA Education Foundation directorship.

College days swiftly pass, imbued with memories fond. May they ever abide and with us stay. Alpha Phi Alpha the pride of our hearts . . .

Brother HOWARD W. G L E N N (Assistant Vice President) and DAVID I. NALL (President, Tougaloo Student Government Association): featured in Tougaloo College News, 12/71, for winning scholarships from American Foundation for Dental Education. Both brothers summered as Dental Research Fellows at Harvard. Southern Vice President HARRIS: Besides state convention, gave addresses at Clark and Lane Colleges, and, Chicago, between hospitalization sessions. Brother TERRY WALLACE (Beta Epsilon , N.C. A & T State University): won $1,000 APA Education Foundation Scholarship for 1971-72. Brother Dr. WILLIAM P. SMITH, Jr. (past Repional Education Director: Chairman of a self-Study Committee for the Alabama State University of Education.

And loved by us dearly, art thou. We cherish precepts, thy banner shall be raised . . .


Brother MATTHEW H. DAWSON (President, Eta Lambda and Assistant Georgia Director): given double-barrelled recognition, 12/71, by his alma mater, Alabama State University, as "Alumnus of the Year" and elected president of the General Alumni Association. Brother Dawson is a conciliator for the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, in Atlanta. Brother EDWARD N. SMITH (Epsilon Chi Lambda, N.C): Among new APA Life Member Subscribers and Chapter's current Man of The Year. Brother Dr. OTIS D. SIMMONS (Chairman, Alabama State University Music Department): honored in 11/24/71 edition of the Montgomery, AL Journal. He was featured personality in its "Journal Closeup" column. Brother CALVIN DAVIS (Iota): Only Morris Brown College student to win campus position category as Director, Hickman Student Union Dormitory. Brother LEONARD R. BALLOU (Regional Secretary): Re-appointed for 2nd term with College/University Archives Committee, Society of American Archivists, during San Francisco conference; named to APA Library Committee.

To thy glory, thy honor and renown. So long, Brother Taylor, we shall miss you at Michigan . . . remain a stalwart Alpha-man and Wolverine. 40

Brother RALPH UNDERWOOD (Delta Eta, Savannah State): Scheduled to represent College & Chapter on International Spelling Bee, Honolulu, May 1972.

ALPHAS... Nanuet, New York Long Island and Brooklyn

Farewell from

Assistant Vice President of the Midwest College Brothers: This is one of the last pieces of communication you will receive from me as Assistant Midwestern Vice President. I would therefore like to share with you a few thoughts that are laying "heavy" on my mind.

During the month of May, last year, Eta Chi Lambda Chapter of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Incorporated, of Rockland County, New York, held its Ninth Annual Education and Scholarship Program at the Sheraton Motor Inn, Nanuet, New York. The program featured a dinner, followed by a speech given by Mr. Ladda B. Cook, a New York Life Insurance Company Executive, on job opportunities for Black youth. Afterward Brother Fred O. Vincent, Chapter President, presented a $500 scholarship to Randall Sterling, a Nyack High School Senior. Mr. Sterling, the son of Mrs. Esmina Winkle of Nyack, plans to enroll at the University of Pennsylvania in September and major in Chemistry.

First, let me say a few words about Brotherhood. That is a profound word Brothers. Meditate a moment about what it really means. Understandably, peace is not always prevalent among the different chapters. But I ask (no beg) you to refrain from the petty quarrels and personal differences that can divide and destroy a group relationship such as ours which is built on strong personal interrelationships. Let us truly be Brothers in every sense of the word. Secondly, let us quicken our step in our journey toward academic excellence. Let us vigorously reaffirm our goal of scholarship. And with this knowledge, let us help stamp out the ignorance that enslaves mankind to all its prejudices and weaknesses. Thirdly, Alpha Phi Alpha does not and cannot exist in a vacuum. There is a community out there seeking and needing our active support in its struggle to survive. Don't let them down â&#x20AC;&#x201D; Reach Out And Touch Somebody's Hand Today!


Alpha wives, standing: Dr. Agnes Levy, Essie Stafford, Paula Phears, Phyllis Rice and Dorothy Arrington. Seated: Mabel Franklin, Celestine Bailey, Mae Bell, President Margaret Boston and Norma Sinkler. One of the most important positive elements in the current struggle for educational change and advancement are the Black women who are supporting their men. A prime and beautiful example is this group of Alpha Phi Alpha wives of Brooklyn and Long Island who are raising money for an Alpha Phi Alpha scholarship. Members of the planning group for the Alpha Wives Luncheon which was held April 22, 1972, at the Americana Hotel.

Finally, to those candidates seeking this office, I say congratulations to all you winners. In Alphadom there are no losers. Thanks again for allowing me to serve as your Assistant Midwestern VicePresident. Fraternally yours, Tyrone B. Knox Assistant Midwestern Vice-President 41




ALPHAS FOR LIFE By Bro. John D. Buckner, National Lite Membership


The 1972 ALPHA LIFE MEMBERSHIP CRUSADE is a success!!! Alpha chapters and Alphamen in every region of Alphadom have responded to the clarion call to choose ALPA PHI ALPHA FOR LIFE. The astonishing results will be announced at the 7th Annual Life Members' Fellowship Breakfast on Wednesday, July 12, 1972 at the Denver Hilton Hotel. The personal efforts of Regional Life Membership Chairmen and Chapter Chairmen have paid off. Awards in recognition of outstanding goal achievement by chapters and regions will be presented at the Denver Convention. RIGHTS GUARANTEED BY ALPHA LIFE MEMBERSHIP • Full participation on national level in all national programs. • Attend all sessions of the General Convention on the same terms and conditions applied to any other visiting Brother or Delegate. • Attend Life Members Fellowship Breakfast at General Conventions. • Attend all sessions of Regional and/or State meetings on the same terms and conditions as applied to any other visiting Brother or Delegate. • Affiliate with local chapter in the area of his residence. • Participate in local chapter affairs upon payment of local chapter assessments. • Receive a Life Membership Certificate. • Receive a Life Membership Plate, and also, a current financial card. • Receive publications and other official communications from the General Office including: Sphinx, Convention Minutes, Newsletters, Constitution, Manuals, etc. • Receive a Life Member Recognition Pin. • To be recognized/honored by any chapter, region, or convention of the Fraternity. LIFE MEMBERSHIP FEE When a member of the fraternity chooses to join the fellowship of those who have chosen ALPHA PHI ALPHA FOR LIFE: He subscribes to remit the Life Membership Fee, as stipulated in the By-Laws, direct to the Executive Secretary. The Executive Secretary will notify the local chapter of the remittance. The Life Membership Fee payment has no relation to a members obligation to remit his Annual Grand Tax through his local chapter. The Executive Secretary shall credit the Grand Tax payment received for the year in which the Life Membership Fee is completed to said Life Membership Fee account. All Life Membership Fee payments accrue in the LIFE MEMBERSHIP RESERVE FUND with expenditures disbursed on express vote of the General Convention. All interest and dividends generated from the invested funds go into current operations in the year received. Life Membership frees a member from further payment of Grand Tax but does not confer any special advantage on a member. He participates in programs of local chapters, states, or regions in the same manner as any other member. Experience hath shown that members who have joined the fellowship — ALPHA PHI ALPHA FOR LIFE — are among the most active members participating and supporting their local chapter programs — ADDING LIFE TO YEARS. Brother General President: Here we stand . . . Permanent Alpha Members . . . 1,000 strong . . . At your Service . . . Call on us! ALPHA LIFE MEMBERSHIP COMMITTEE —John D. Buckner, chairman 42

Brother and Mrs. I [anna Brother Hilton E. Hanna, Executive Assistant to the International President and International Secretary Treasurer of the Amalgamated Meat Cutters and Butcher Workman of North America and Mrs. Harriet C. Brown of Chicago, recently trek the matrimonial trail.

DELTA LAMBDA Brother Shelton in his final remarks and felicitations pointed out that each brother must cut his own niche in Alpha. He said that in all of his observations he had concluded one thing, "all Alphas are great men, but all great men are not Alphas." Members present were: Brothers Simon Carter, Calvin Corley, Pierre Davis, Frederick Dedmond, Walter Dixon, Will Dutch, James Fitzpatrick, Otis Froe, Clarence Gregory, N. Alan Harris, Cludy Hargrove, Robert Harnell, Alvin Jackson, Frederick Jackson, Clifton Jones, John King, Donald Macen, Madison Murray, Eugene Owens, Vernon Pennington, William Peters, Charles Pinchback, R. Grant Pinkett, William Proctor, Paul Reese, Wellington Ross, Wesley N. Shelton, Robert A. Smith, Clayton Stansbury, Houston Stansbury, Herman Sydnor, Jesse Thomas, Richard Turner, Wilbert Walker, James Wooten, Joseph Yates. Members not present but supported the affair were: Brothers George A 1 f o r d, Curtis Adams, Robert Bagley, Wilson Bell, Solomon Graham, John Holmes III, Raymond Haysbert, Benjamin Kimbers, John Mohamed, James Nix, Joseph P. Press, William Sykes.

EPSILON THETA CHAPTER... Bowling Green State University Bowling Green, Ohio The year is 1958. The setting is Bowling Green State University in the flat, agricultural, mid-west portion of Ohio. The population of the university community is approximately twelve thousand. Of this number twenty-five are black, fourteen men and eleven women. As with most universities, state supported or private, there are numerous extra-cirriculum activities for the students, that is students of white protestant ethnic group. Much on the same plan as the founding brothers of our parent organization, Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity Incorporated, several men got together to form an organization to offer a cultural bridge for black students as a social outlet. With the greek system in mind but unable to decide which one from the existing national organizations, they chose the name of Alpha Kappa Omega. As did the seven jewel brothers, the men of Alpha Kappa Omega engaged in numerous and various activities to exemplify the spirit of concern, involvement and brotherhood. After such dynamic activities, the university recognized Alpha Kappa Omega as a campus organization and therefore provided housing for these dedicated men. With these milestones behind them, the men made the monumental decision to become a part of Alpha Phi Alpha. These men petitioned the national organization for recognition. In turn, the national delegated the closest chapter to pledge the men at Bowling Green State University. The nearest chapter was at Toledo University, Epsilon Alpha, in Toledo, Ohio. On May 15, 1959 the chapter of Epsilon Theta was granted its charter. This marked the beginning of what was to be more than a decade of excellence. After Epsilon Theta was officially established and became a voting member of Inter-Fraternity council of Bowling Green State a voting member of Inter-Fraternity council of Bowling Green State University, the University moved the chapter to Fraternity Row. This was only the first of many such moves until the chapter attained a lease on a fifteen room house off campus in 1962, thereby establishing the permanent home of Epsilon Theta. From its inception, Epsilon Theta has been the home of new ideas and great men. It has been the vanguard of black student activities at Bowling Green. Among the credits of Epsilon Theta is having as its members the first black student body president, the first black student organization and the only one for ten years. Epsilon Theta holds the trophy for the winner of the all greek scholarship, its members holds records in track and field, in six events, for seven years in the MAC conference, and Epsilon Theta has provided the first and only vehicle of communications between black students and university officials. Its members have graduated and taken their positions in the world of sports, education and business. It has assisted in gaining recognition for two other greek fraternity organizations with the motto of the 1970 convention, "Building on the past the future." We now turn to the present. Epsilon Theta continues to move on up. In these changing times our chapter again sees its purpose as being a leader, moving both inwardly and outwardly.

In a out ward manner our organization, in attempt to edify both white and black in our area, established a series of seminars entitled Black Gold. These seminars dealt with every aspect of the Black experience. Secondly, we did our home work and found that one of the multi-million dollar building on our campus was named in honor of the black poet Paul Laurence Dunbar. Unlike the other buildings, there was no portrait of plaque in the building for Mr. Dunbar. Epsilon Theta undertook the task to rectify this situation. At the time, in Dunbar Hall, now hangs a plaque and an oil portrait painted by a chapter brother of him. Another first for Alpha. The brothers of Epsilon Theta took the reigns of the black student union on campus and implemented some of the black student demands, such as acquiring one half million dollars for financial aid, establishing a black studies department, recruiting five hundred black students and several black faculty members, and also attaining movies for cultural and social enrichment. The list goes on. The accomplishments are too numerous to mention. But, we cannot leave this phase of our development without mentioning another first which received national recognition. The brothers of Epsilon Theta, sensing a need of new students coming to our university, came together again to write and publish the first black student handbook in 1970. After all these and more were accomplished, the brother turned inwardly to broaden themselves. Our first effort was the establishment of a scholarship fund for needy students. To fund the project, the brothers donated a portion of the profits from our annual social functions, such as our elaborate Founder's day celebration which includes the crowning of our several jewel court. Epsilon Theta has arranged its pledge program to meet the changing need of today. A part of each pledge program is a community action project such as the one done by our last pledge line. This project was the collection of text books and other items to be distributed to ghetto area schools. Not forgetting self, each year the brothers set aside a few day to reconsider what Alpha stands for and what Alpha means to the individual. We call this rededication, a time of rememberance and brotherhood. The officers for 1971-72 are as follows: President — Fabu Kenyatta (Gerald Dillingham) Vice President — Al Webb Corresponding Secretary — C. R. Mullins Recording Secretary — Charles R. Simpson Jr. Treasurer — Billy Haynes Historian — George Poole Dean of Pledges — Lamarr Anthony Academic Advisor — Leslie Rose Social Chairman — John Grant Special Projects — Dennis Wright Outstanding among our present members are record holding athletes, state champion vocal participants, national merit scholars and campus leaders. After just a glimpse of Epsilon Theta, can you now understand why we feel that our chapter is exceptional and rated with the very best. (Continued on page 44) 43

EPSILON THETA . . . Bo BROTHER KENYATTA . . . We, the Brothers of Epsilon Theta, have been a subscriber to the Sphinx magazine since our inception thirteen years ago. We have noticed the Alpha spotlight given to hundreds of Brothers for accomplishments. We now have a candidate for consideration, our president, Fabu Kenyatta (Gerald Dillingham). His credentials are outstanding and summarized in the following paragraphs.

Fabu is twenty four years of age and from Dayton, Ohio. He attended Netti Lee Roth High School. In the field of sports he was heavy weight champion his junior and senior years. He was graduated thirteenth in a class of two hundred fifty in 1964. He entered the Hect Marine Force that same year. While in the service he received various honors and awards, both in sports and professionally. He graduated number one in his service school. After being discharged from the service in 1968, he enrolled at Bowling Green State University and decided to major in sociology. He readily became involved in what was happening around him. In 1969 he was elected president of the Black Student Union on campus. As president of the union, he led student activities that resulted in one half million dollars in financial aid for minority students, plus five hundred new students and faculty members, a Black Studies Department, and cultural and social enrichment movies. Brohter Kenyatta also served as chairman of the Black Student Committee for "Black Culture Week." Other committees that he served on included: A. The Presidents Advisory Committee on Admission B. Black Studies Advisory Committee C. Presidents Leadership Committee D. State Legislature Committee on Campus Disorders

Co-eds visit the Alpha 44



Theta Fraternity


All were served with distinction. After organizing the Black Student Union and making it function, Brother Kenyetta edited and supervised the publication of the first black student handbook in 1970. In 1969 Brother Kenyatta became a part of Alpha Phi Alpha and continued to be a leader. He was elected chairman of special projects. As chairman he brought three innovations to our chapter and to the university; he established a rededication ceremony for the chapter; he concieved and directed a series of seminars about the black experience entitled Black Gold; and he founded and established our female auxiliary, Alpha Angels. His efforts did not go unnoticed by the community at large. In addition to numerous television, newspaper and public appearances, he received national recognition. He was elected to Who's Who Among Greek Fraternity and Sororities Of America. He was listed in the National Student Register of Outstanding College Students. All these things he accomplished as a student, a very outstanding student. He also has been on the Dean's list several times. This means that he received a point average of three point five or better on a four point scale. He was inducted into the national men's honorary Phi Eta Sigma for men of excellent character with a point average of three point five or above. His activities were not confined to the university. He was employed as a research assistant at Harambee Incorporated. This is a self-help organization for ghetto residents of Toledo, Ohio. Currently he is the assistant director of the Upward Bound program at Bowling Green. The brotherhood recognized his leadership ability and elected him to the office of president in 1971. Since his election he has led our organization to a place of excellence and respect in the city, state, and nation. As with most Alpha's, the girls appreciate him, too. He was selected to be an attendant on the Bachelor of the Year Court of Delta Sigma Theta. After graduation Brother Kenyatta plans to continue his education to the Ph.D. level. We feel that he is truly an Alpha of distinction. The Brothers of Epsilon Theta


ALPHA TAU IS MOVIN' AND GROOVIN' Alpha Tau chapter located at the University of Akron is a chapter on the move. During the past two years Alpha Tau has taken a prominent role in campus and community life. Alpha Tau's Accumulative grade point average ranks it number Three out of fifteen fraternities on the InterFraternity council roster.

Socially, Alpha Tau has given many successful functions, among these, an Alpha cabaret, given jointly with Epsilon Delta chapter, of Kent State U., a Funky Function cabaret in the late summer, the annual Black and Gold dance to begin the school year, and Alpha Tau has picked it's sweetheart Miss Shelly Crosby, who was presented at Eta Tau Lambda's Annual Winter Ball. Alpha Tau has also been active in the community. Alpha Tau is in it's second year of a Little Brother-Big Brother program with underprivileged grade school boys. The program is designed to promote a positive male image to the youngsters, and to help them have some fun. Some of the activities have been, a trip to the Wooster Branch of the Public Library, in conjunction with Eta Tau Lambda's Go To The Library program, a Christmas Party, Akron U. Athletic events and other similar activities. The Brothers promote pride and unity among the bros., upon which they have been complimented by members of other organizations, and they also take pride in the accomplishments of the Black campus population in general. As you can see Alpha Tau is on the move, 'cause A-Phi-A is in the groove!

Miss Shelley Crosby was crowned Queen of the Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Alpha Tau Chapter. Miss Crosby is a junior at Akron University majoring in Speech Pathology. Miss Crosby is interested in pursuing a modeling career as well as earning a Master's Degree in Speech Pathology. The other members on the Court are: Valerie Winters, Barbara Matthews, Beverly McGuire, Rhonda Mundy, Cassandra Garth, and Deborah Waters. O, Sweetheart dear the ecstasy of your sweet charms so dear to me, Keeps me mindful of those days of old fond memories linked with Black and Gold, We will walk together all the way and dream of dear Alpha Phi Alpha.

The highlight of Alpha Tau's February Social Calendar was a Valentine's Party. Given on February 13th for all Black Greek organizations and their female auxiliaries. The party was given at the Penthouse and the Brothers presented their Queen and Court with their Valentine's presents. The festivities were enjoyed by all and the Brothers of Alpha Tau once again showed their "Good Old Alpha Spirit. Left to right: Miss Debbie Waters and Brother Michael Walker, Miss Shelley Crosby and Brother Michael Woods; Miss Barbara Matthews and Brother Tommie Tubbs, Miss Rhonda Mundy and Brother Cornelius Spivey; Miss Valerie Winters and Brother Wayne Peavy, Miss Cassandra Garth and Brother Anthony King. Announcing the festivities (left to right): Brother Michael Chapman, Brother James Drake, Brother Tyrone B. Knox.



Brother William M . Alexander Meeting of Board of Directors of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc., February 12-13, 1972, Fairmont-Roosevelt Hotel, New Orleans, La. Greetings â&#x20AC;&#x201D; from your Building Foundation, and may we report that the general overall progress of your Building Foundation since the Milwaukee annual meeting has been generally satisfactory. However, the explosion of the program for low and middle income families has taken such proportions of our time as to force a total reorganization of our staff, if we are to be able to service these programs. Steps have been taken to generate from the projects themselves additional funds to support such requirements and activities as will be required. The following items have taken place since we last met; the St. Louis Alpha Gardens, Alpha Towne and Alpha Village were dedicated formally October 16, 1971. The top officers of the Fraternity and Building Foundation were in attendance at this meeting as were the candidates for election to the office of president. The meeting of the Board of Directors of the Building Foundation was held at the same time. This meeting was made necessary because of the fact that, as usual, it was impossible to hold an adequate meeting of the Biulding Foundation at the site of the annual convention of the Fraternity. We have created at the site of the St. Louis projects, the Sphinx Management Corporation to manage these projects for us. We have found that the only way to get satisfactory management of the type that your Building Foundation must require, to succeed we must create management organizations where we have adequate input and at least a "Kissing Cousin" interest in the management structure. It is my hope that this method can be extended to other site areas throughout the country. It has functioned for more than a year providing this service, as well as giving opportunity to more young Alpha Phi Alpha's with management expertise to share in the fruits of our own creation. We held the ground breaking for the Akron, Ohio, 10.6 million dollar project. This was a real landmark in the history of your Building Foundation. Its 550 Garden Type units and 23-story Highrise Elderly Building makes it one of the largest of this type in the country. Bro. Williams and his associates deserve tremendous credit for promoting this project. We look forward to many benefits from its execution. We have aided Louisville, Ky., in founding a management package, with Bro. Stenson Broaddus assisting in the program of a 23-story Elderly Building. We could not participate because it was a joint venture. Bro. Stenson Broaddus is president of this group. Gary, Indiana Model Cities Program is now moving satisfactorily and should get under way in a matter of a few weeks. A Black general contractor has been approved and will handle this job. This is a new accomplishment for a project of this size. We have advanced some $17,000 to this program, to take care of land acquisition and preparation. This money will be returned to us with interest along with organizational expenses adequate to cover lost interest and expenses of our staff. We spent two days in California working with Bro. Hobbs and Bro. Ballard during the month of December on College Brothers housing and low and middle income housing. We have been able to work under a more favorable climate than we had before; and a new effort to sponsor low and middle income housing in the Los Angeles Metropolitan area will be attempted. We have attempted to stimulate with Bro. Hobbs the creation of a housing program for Metropolitan Los Angeles that could be used by College Brothers as well as Graduate Brothers, money received from the sale of the last Alpha House in Los Angeles is still available. A promise has been made to make it available to carry out this project. We visited Fresno, California, and activated a group to develop a low income program there. ,_ . ,,â&#x20AC;&#x17E; r (Continued on page 47) 46

ALPHAS... LINCOLN UNIVERSITY Jefferson City, Mo. Brother James D. Parks, head of Lincoln University's art department, recently has been selected for membership and biographical inscription in the 197273 Compendium of Prominent Americans. He is one of 6,000 members selected by the Compendium's board of trustees chosen as prominent men and women of outstanding achievement in business, professions, arts and letters, in the community, state or country. More than 40,000 persons were nominated. Brother Parks has also been listed in Who's Who in American Art, the International Blue Book, Directory of American Scholars and Who's Who in the Midwest. He is a consultant on art for Tuskegee Institute and Maryland State College. Selected as a member of a four-person committee to formulate as national examination in history of art for Princeton Testing Bureau in 1969, he has also served as president of the Missouri College Art Conference, 1955-56, and the National Conference of Artists, 1960-61. The Compendium is sponsored by the Research Center of Florida State Christian College of Miami. "The First Black Playwrights," an article tracing works of black playwrights back to the 1820's, written by Dr. Thomas D. Pawley, chairman of the Lincoln University humanities and fine arts division, will appear in the April issue of Black World. Black World, a nationally circulated literary magazine for blacks, is published by Johnson Publishing Company, who also publishes Ebony, Jet, and Black Stars, three other black-oriented magazines. The article emphasizes the contributions of William Wells Brown, Ira Aldridge, Victor Sejour, all writers of the 19th century. "History books have been so devoid of black historical contributions, that many blacks have no knowledge of their rich heritage in drama as well as other fields," Dr. Pawley said. "In this article, I attempt to shed light on some prominent 19th century playwrights about which little has been written." (Continued on page 47)


(Continued from page 46)

The following areas now have progressed to the point where their preliminary is established — Nashville, Tenn. Westland, Mich. — Dancy Village Alpha Arms, Inc. — Goldsboro, N.C. Project Alpha, Inc. — Toledo, Ohio Alpha Gardens — Kansas City, Kansas Alpha Phi Alpha Development Corp., Inc. — Atlanta, Georgia This project has been strangely silent for sometime. The explanation of which I do not have. I request the southern vice president aid in ascertaining what has happened to this project — E. St. Louis, Illinois, Alpha Phi Alpha Homes of St. Clair County, Illinois, Inc., should be completed and ready for occupancy within the month. At least a dozen other interest groups are being worked with and are at various stages and should be ready to submit for preliminary feasibility in the near future. COLLEGE BROTHERS HOUSING We have a new addition and equipment to our Fraternity House at Rolla, Missouri, at a cost of some $3,000. We are working actively to bring into existence some type of housing that can be used by College Brothers in the Los Angeles Metropolitan Area. We made a loan of $5,000 to the Graduate Bros. Housing Corporation of Philadelphia, Pa., to remodel their house so that it might be used by College Brothers. This loan is to be paid back by the Alumni Chapter in Philadelphia. We have caused the investigation of insurance rates charged to Alpha Housing Programs in metropolitan areas throughout the country. We have been successful in St. Louis in securing the submission of a national insurance program which will offer to the St. Louis Corporations adequate and proper coverage at an annual saving of some $10,000. We intend to pursue this matter with all of our metropolitan housing programs, because we now have sufficient experience in St. Louis to justify normal regional insurance rates and not the type of premiums assessed against normal ghetto properties. I invite inquiries concerning this program as we are in a position to help on a national scale to correct this unfair burden. It is my hope that we can expand the idea of the Sphinx Management Corporation at the sites of all of our housing projects. The money is to be found at this level that can create our own management units that will serve our needs better and return to young Alphas the proper expertise and worthwhile job opportunities that we should get from the work of our creation, we expect each local corporate structure to investigate the possibilities of implementing the Sphinx Management Program. It becomes obvious that we must make a change in the annual meeting of the Board of Directors of the Alpha Phi Alpha Building Foundation. For the last four conventions it has been practically impossible to conduct any type of satisfactory business. I have had to hold separate meetings at a different time and place separated from the confusion of the national meetings. I propose to request authority to hold the annual meeting of the Board of Directors of the Building Foundation at a separate time and place. The Chairman and Vice Chairman of the Building Foundation (the Vice Chairman serves as Chairman of the Applications Committee) should attend the Annual Convention of the Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, this with the Secretary, Treasurer, and Legal Counsel, who are common to both organizations would be all required to carry on such work as needed. To continue to do otherwise at this time is a waste of the assets of your Building Foundation and should be changed. The nature of your Building Foundation and its impact on the total Fraternity's program is such that in the near future, it is the feeling of the Chairman of the Building Foundation that he should be given a place on the Board of Directors of the Fraternity, officially, on some terms satisfactory to the Membership of the Directors of the Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc. This report is submitted to inform you as to our progress. We seek your interest and active participation in our Dream Come True. Jet Magazine featured our housing program in its pages recently. Fraternally, —Wm. M. Alexander, President ALPHA PHI ALPHA, INC.

SEE YOU IN DENVER! Lincoln University (Continued from page 46) Brother Pawley, also head of the Lincoln University department of speech and theatre, is a member of the central committee of the American College Theatre Festival. He is co-author with William Reardon, professor of dramatic art at University of California at Santa Barbara, of the recently published book, "The Black Teacher and the Dramatic Arts." Brother William D. Rice, director, division of safety and security for Lincoln University has been cited for his distinguished service career in the January-February issue of "Law Enforcement,' a Missouri Peace Officers Association publication. Brother Rice has been a member of the association for 13 years. Before serving at Lincoln University, he was assistant and acting director of the Missouri Commission on Human Rights from March, 1965, to June, 1970. During part of the same period he was also employed by the Jefferson City police department. The article also traced his long career with the United States Army both in active duty and the reserves which culminated with his service in Europe in 1963-64 where he attained the rank of captain. He has also served for short periods with the U.S. Navy and the U.S. Air Force. Brother Rice completed reguirements for a degree in landscape design and ornamental horticulture at Lincoln in 1958 and has participated in special army courses and law enforcement education programs for the Missouri Highway Patrol Academy, Lincoln and La Salle University. 47



* Jtt iUpmonam *


1904 MILTON S. J. WRIGHT 1972

Past Director of Educational Activities

Brother Walter L. Hainey Wednesday morning, December 2, 1970, Mr. Walter Lee Hainey, 1012 Oak Street, Chattanooga, Tennessee, exchanged the busy works of this world . . . for eternal rest with Jesus. He was born in Chattanooga, Tennessee, March 27, 1905. His parents were the late Mrs. Katie Daughtery Hainey and Mr. Arthur Robert Hainey. Mr. Hainey was educated in the public schools of Chattanooga; attended college at A & I State University, Nashville; and earned his B. S. Degree from Clark College in Atlanta, Georgia. His graduate studies were earned from Columbia University and New York University. It was from the latter that he received his M. A. degree. His teaching career extended over a period of 37 years. At the time of his death he was a science instructor at East Fifth Street Middle School. Mr. Hainey was an ardent church worker in Phillips Temple CME church, on Vine Street, the church in which he joined at a very early age. He had served as Steward Trustee, Superintendent of Church School, and Boy Scout Master. He also held active membership in the Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity; the Elks, Armistice Lodge No. 440; 32nd Degree Mason, Phoenix Lodge No. 6; Past Potentate of Shriners, Hyksos Temple No. 123; Imperial Deputy of Oasis of Chattanooga, Tennessee. 48

Editor's Note: Brother Milton S. J. Wright was born in Savannah, Georgia, to William and Edith Burnside Wright. After graduating from Wilberforce University, he attended Columbia University, receiving the M.A. degree in 1928. He studied at Heidelberg University, Germany, receiving the Ph.D. degree in 1932. His articles were published in numerous scholarly journals. He retired 1969 from his position as Professor and Brother Wright Vice President for Research, Wilberforce University. He is survived by a daughter, Sue Wright of Hollywood, California. Brother Wright established Zeta Chapter at Samuel Houston College in 1929. During the period of World War II, he wrote the explosive, "Is Education a Crime to Society?", which was published in the SPHINX. His attempt to teach your editor how to play chess was to no avail . . . a complete disaster, his only failure.

Brother Milton S. J. Wright April 13, 1972 To: Brother J. Herbert King, Editor From: Brother Oliver Sumlin, Regional Director Dear Brother King: I was unable to attend the Midwestern Regional Convention, I wanted to personally convey this information to you. Enclosed please find a copy of the death of Brother Milton S. J. Wright, who was the Director of Educational Activities some years ago. Brother Wright was a dedicated Alpha-man, an inspiration to many of us. I attended the Memorial Services which was held at Wilberforce University. I feel that a tribute in the S p h i n x would be appropriate. If there is any additional information that you feel I can contribute, please let me know. Fraternally yours â&#x20AC;&#x201D;Oliver

BROTHER W. D. HAWKINS... Fisk University Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity sustained a bitter loss on March 2, 1972, in the passing into Omega Chapter of Brother W. D. Hawkins. Brother Hawkins, a past general officer served as Business Manager and Comptroller of Fisk University, Nashville, Tenn. for more than forty years.

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Protfjer &bam Clapton $otoell OMEGA C H A P T E R - A P R I L 4 , 1972 Photo Courtesy Chicago Defender

The SPHINX | Spring 1972 | Volume 58 | Number 2 197205802  

General President Visits Africa.

The SPHINX | Spring 1972 | Volume 58 | Number 2 197205802  

General President Visits Africa.